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115th Congress      }                                  {      Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session         }                                  {     115-1072
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



                  AGRICULTURE IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2018


                               ----------                              


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                                 H.R. 2
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 

 [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]








               December 10, 2018.--Ordered to be printed
               
               
               
               
               


                










115th Congress      }                                  {      Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session         }                                  {     115-1072
                                                               
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



                  AGRICULTURE IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2018


                               __________


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                                 H.R. 2
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]








               December 10, 2018.--Ordered to be printed

                                   ______

                      U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE 

33-422                       WASHINGTON : 2018











115th Congress      }                                  {      Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session         }                                  {     115-1072

======================================================================



 
                  AGRICULTURE IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2018

                                _______
                                

               December 10, 2018.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Conaway, from the committee of conference, submitted the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                         [To accompany H.R. 2]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 
2), to provide for the reform and continuation of agricultural 
and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 
fiscal year 2023, and for other purposes, having met, after 
full and free conference, have agreed to recommend and do 
recommend to their respective Houses as follows:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate and agree to the same with an amendment 
as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the 
Senate amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the 
``Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                      Subtitle A--Commodity Policy

Sec. 1101. Definition of effective reference price.
Sec. 1102. Base acres.
Sec. 1103. Payment yields.
Sec. 1104. Payment acres.
Sec. 1105. Producer election.
Sec. 1106. Price loss coverage.
Sec. 1107. Agriculture risk coverage.
Sec. 1108. Repeal of transition assistance for producers of upland 
          cotton.

                       Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

Sec. 1201. Extensions.
Sec. 1202. Loan rates for nonrecourse marketing assistance loans.
Sec. 1203. Economic adjustment assistance for textile mills.
Sec. 1204. Special competitive provisions for extra long staple cotton.
Sec. 1205. Availability of recourse loans.

                            Subtitle C--Sugar

Sec. 1301. Sugar policy.

  Subtitle D--Dairy Margin Coverage and Other Dairy Related Provisions

Sec. 1401. Dairy margin coverage.
Sec. 1402. Reauthorizations.
Sec. 1403. Class I skim milk price.
Sec. 1404. Dairy product donation.

        Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Sec. 1501. Supplemental agricultural disaster assistance.

                 Subtitle F--Noninsured Crop Assistance

Sec. 1601. Noninsured crop assistance program.

                       Subtitle G--Administration

Sec. 1701. Regulations.
Sec. 1702. Suspension of permanent price support authority.
Sec. 1703. Payment limitations.
Sec. 1704. Adjusted gross income limitations.
Sec. 1705. Farm Service Agency accountability.
Sec. 1706. Implementation.
Sec. 1707. Exemption from certain reporting requirements for certain 
          producers.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                    Subtitle A--Wetland Conservation

Sec. 2101. Wetland conversion.
Sec. 2102. Wetland conservation.
Sec. 2103. Mitigation banking.

                Subtitle B--Conservation Reserve Program

Sec. 2201. Conservation reserve.
Sec. 2202. Conservation reserve enhancement program.
Sec. 2203. Farmable wetland program.
Sec. 2204. Pilot programs.
Sec. 2205. Duties of owners and operators.
Sec. 2206. Duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 2207. Payments.
Sec. 2208. Contracts.
Sec. 2209. Eligible land; State law requirements.

 Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program and Conservation 
                           Stewardship Program

Sec. 2301. Repeal of conservation programs.
Sec. 2302. Purposes of environmental quality incentives program.
Sec. 2303. Definitions under environmental quality incentives program.
Sec. 2304. Establishment and administration of environmental quality 
          incentives program.
Sec. 2305. Environmental quality incentives program plan.
Sec. 2306. Limitation on payments under environmental quality incentives 
          program.
Sec. 2307. Conservation innovation grants and payments.
Sec. 2308. Conservation stewardship program.
Sec. 2309. Grassland conservation initiative.

                 Subtitle D--Other Conservation Programs

Sec. 2401. Watershed protection and flood prevention.
Sec. 2402. Soil and water resources conservation.
Sec. 2403. Emergency conservation program.
Sec. 2404. Conservation of private grazing land.
Sec. 2405. Grassroots source water protection program.
Sec. 2406. Voluntary public access and habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2407. Wildlife management.
Sec. 2408. Feral swine eradication and control pilot program.
Sec. 2409. Report on small wetlands.
Sec. 2410. Sense of Congress relating to increased watershed-based 
          collaboration.

                 Subtitle E--Funding and Administration

Sec. 2501. Commodity Credit Corporation.
Sec. 2502. Delivery of technical assistance.
Sec. 2503. Administrative requirements for conservation programs.
Sec. 2504. Temporary administration of conservation programs.

         Subtitle F--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

Sec. 2601. Establishment and purposes.
Sec. 2602. Definitions.
Sec. 2603. Agricultural land easements.
Sec. 2604. Wetland reserve easements.
Sec. 2605. Administration.

          Subtitle G--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

Sec. 2701. Establishment and purposes.
Sec. 2702. Definitions.
Sec. 2703. Regional conservation partnerships.
Sec. 2704. Assistance to producers.
Sec. 2705. Funding.
Sec. 2706. Administration.
Sec. 2707. Critical conservation areas.

              Subtitle H--Repeals and Technical Amendments

                             PART I--Repeals

Sec. 2811. Repeal of Conservation Corridor Demonstration Program.
Sec. 2812. Repeal of cranberry acreage reserve program.
Sec. 2813. Repeal of National Natural Resources Foundation.
Sec. 2814. Repeal of flood risk reduction.
Sec. 2815. Repeal of study of land use for expiring contracts and 
          extension of authority.
Sec. 2816. Repeal of Integrated Farm Management Program Option.
Sec. 2817. Repeal of clarification of definition of agricultural lands.

                      PART II--Technical Amendments

Sec. 2821. Technical amendments.
Sec. 2822. State technical committees.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

Sec. 3101. Labeling requirements.
Sec. 3102. Food aid quality assurance.
Sec. 3103. Local sale and barter of commodities.
Sec. 3104. Minimum levels of assistance.
Sec. 3105. Food aid consultative group.
Sec. 3106. Issuance of regulations.
Sec. 3107. Oversight, monitoring, and evaluation.
Sec. 3108. Assistance for stockpiling and rapid transportation, 
          delivery, and distribution of shelf-stable prepackaged foods.
Sec. 3109. Consideration of impact of provision of agricultural 
          commodities and other assistance on local farmers and economy.
Sec. 3110. Allowance for distribution costs.
Sec. 3111. Prepositioning of agricultural commodities.
Sec. 3112. Annual report regarding food aid programs and activities.
Sec. 3113. Deadline for agreements to finance sales or to provide other 
          assistance.
Sec. 3114. Minimum level of nonemergency food assistance.
Sec. 3115. Termination date for micronutrient fortification programs.
Sec. 3116. John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer program.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

Sec. 3201. Agricultural trade promotion and facilitation.

                Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

Sec. 3301. Growing American Food Exports.
Sec. 3302. Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Sec. 3303. Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act.
Sec. 3304. Promotion of agricultural exports to emerging markets.
Sec. 3305. Cochran fellowship program.
Sec. 3306. Borlaug International Agricultural Science and Technology 
          Fellowship program.
Sec. 3307. International Agricultural Education Fellowship program.
Sec. 3308. International food security technical assistance.
Sec. 3309. McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child 
          Nutrition program.
Sec. 3310. Global Crop Diversity Trust.
Sec. 3311. Local and regional food aid procurement projects.
Sec. 3312. Foreign trade missions.

                           TITLE IV--NUTRITION

          Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Sec. 4001. Requirements for online acceptance of benefits.
Sec. 4002. Re-evaluation of thrifty food plan.
Sec. 4003. Food distribution program on Indian reservations.
Sec. 4004. Simplified homeless housing costs.
Sec. 4005. Employment and training for supplemental nutrition assistance 
          program.
Sec. 4006. Improvements to electronic benefit transfer system.
Sec. 4007. Review of supplemental nutrition assistance program 
          operations.
Sec. 4008. Retail incentives.
Sec. 4009. Required action on data match information.
Sec. 4010. Incentivizing technology modernization.
Sec. 4011. Interstate data matching to prevent multiple issuances.
Sec. 4012. Requirement of live-production environments for certain pilot 
          projects relating to cost sharing for computerization.
Sec. 4013. Quality control improvements.
Sec. 4014. Evaluation of child support enforcement cooperation 
          requirements.
Sec. 4015. Longitudinal data for research.
Sec. 4016. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4017. Assistance for community food projects.
Sec. 4018. Emergency food assistance program.
Sec. 4019. Nutrition education.
Sec. 4020. Retail food store and recipient trafficking.
Sec. 4021. Public-private partnerships.
Sec. 4022. Technical corrections.

               Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

Sec. 4101. Commodity distribution program.
Sec. 4102. Commodity supplemental food program.
Sec. 4103. Distribution of surplus commodities to special nutrition 
          projects.
Sec. 4104. Food donation standards.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 4201. Seniors farmers' market nutrition program.
Sec. 4202. Purchase of fresh fruits and vegetables for distribution to 
          schools and service institutions.
Sec. 4203. Service of traditional foods in public facilities.
Sec. 4204. Healthy food financing initiative.
Sec. 4205. The Gus Schumacher nutrition incentive program.
Sec. 4206. Micro-grants for food security.
Sec. 4207. Buy American requirements.
Sec. 4208. Healthy fluid milk incentives projects.

                             TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

Sec. 5101. Modification of the 3-year experience eligibility requirement 
          for farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5102. Conservation loan and loan guarantee program.
Sec. 5103. Limitations on amount of farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5104. Relending program to resolve ownership and succession on 
          farmland.

                       Subtitle B--Operating Loans

Sec. 5201. Limitations on amount of operating loans.
Sec. 5202. Microloans.
Sec. 5203. Cooperative lending pilot projects.

                  Subtitle C--Administrative Provisions

Sec. 5301. Beginning farmer and rancher individual development accounts 
          pilot program.
Sec. 5302. Loan authorization levels.
Sec. 5303. Loan fund set-asides.
Sec. 5304. Use of additional funds for direct operating microloans under 
          certain conditions.
Sec. 5305. Equitable relief.
Sec. 5306. Socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers; qualified 
          beginning farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 5307. Emergency loan eligibility.

                        Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

Sec. 5401. Technical corrections to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
          Development Act.
Sec. 5402. State agricultural mediation programs.
Sec. 5403. Compensation of bank directors.
Sec. 5404. Sharing of privileged and confidential information.
Sec. 5405. Facility headquarters.
Sec. 5406. Removal and prohibition authority; industry-wide prohibition.
Sec. 5407. Jurisdiction over institution-affiliated parties.
Sec. 5408. Definition of institution-affiliated party.
Sec. 5409. Prohibition on use of funds.
Sec. 5410. Expansion of acreage exception to loan amount limitation.
Sec. 5411. Repeal of obsolete provisions; technical corrections.
Sec. 5412. Corporation as conservator or receiver; certain other powers.
Sec. 5413. Reporting.
Sec. 5414. Study on loan risk.
Sec. 5415. GAO report on ability of the Farm Credit System to meet the 
          agricultural credit needs of Indian tribes and their members.
Sec. 5416. GAO report on credit service to socially disadvantaged 
          farmers and ranchers.

                       TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

         Subtitle A--Improving Health Outcomes in Rural America

Sec. 6101. Combating substance use disorder in rural America; 
          prioritizations.
Sec. 6102. Distance learning and telemedicine.
Sec. 6103. Refinancing of certain rural hospital debt.

     Subtitle B--Connecting Rural Americans to High Speed Broadband

Sec. 6201. Access to broadband telecommunications services in rural 
          areas.
Sec. 6202. Expansion of middle mile infrastructure into rural areas.
Sec. 6203. Modifications to the Rural Gigabit Program.
Sec. 6204. Community Connect Grant Program.
Sec. 6205. Outdated broadband systems.
Sec. 6206. Default and deobligation; deferral.
Sec. 6207. Public notice, assessments, and reporting requirements.
Sec. 6208. Environmental reviews.
Sec. 6209. Use of loan proceeds to refinance loans for deployment of 
          broadband service.
Sec. 6210. Smart utility authority for broadband.
Sec. 6211. Refinancing of telephone loans.
Sec. 6212. Federal broadband program coordination.
Sec. 6213. Transition rule.
Sec. 6214. Rural broadband integration working group.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6301. Exclusion of certain populations from definition of rural 
          area.
Sec. 6302. Establishment of technical assistance program.
Sec. 6303. Rural energy savings program.
Sec. 6304. Northern Border Regional Commission reauthorization.
Sec. 6305. Definition of rural area for purposes of the Housing Act of 
          1949.
Sec. 6306. Council on Rural Community Innovation and Economic 
          Development.

  Subtitle D--Additional Amendments to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                             Development Act

Sec. 6401. Strategic economic and community development.
Sec. 6402. Expanding access to credit for rural communities.
Sec. 6403. Water, waste disposal, and wastewater facility grants.
Sec. 6404. Rural water and wastewater technical assistance and training 
          programs.
Sec. 6405. Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.
Sec. 6406. Tribal college and university essential community facilities.
Sec. 6407. Emergency and imminent community water assistance grant 
          program.
Sec. 6408. Water systems for rural and native villages in Alaska.
Sec. 6409. Rural decentralized water systems.
Sec. 6410. Solid waste management grants.
Sec. 6411. Rural business development grants.
Sec. 6412. Rural cooperative development grants.
Sec. 6413. Locally or regionally produced agricultural food products.
Sec. 6414. Appropriate technology transfer for rural areas program.
Sec. 6415. Rural economic area partnership zones.
Sec. 6416. Intemediary relending program.
Sec. 6417. Access to information to verify income for participants in 
          certain rural housing programs.
Sec. 6418. Providing for additional fees for guaranteed loans under the 
          Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act.
Sec. 6419. Rural Business-Cooperative Service programs technical 
          assistance and training.
Sec. 6420. National Rural Development Partnership.
Sec. 6421. Grants for NOAA weather radio transmitters.
Sec. 6422. Rural microentrepreneur assistance program.
Sec. 6423. Health care services.
Sec. 6424. Rural innovation stronger economy grant program.
Sec. 6425. Delta Regional Authority.
Sec. 6426. Rural business investment program.
Sec. 6427. Rural business investment program.

 Subtitle E--Additional Amendments to the Rural Electrification Act of 
                                  1936

Sec. 6501. Amendments to section 2 of the Rural Electrification Act of 
          1936.
Sec. 6502. Loans for telephone service.
Sec. 6503. Cushion of credit payments program.
Sec. 6504. Extension of the rural economic development loan and grant 
          program.
Sec. 6505. Guarantees for bonds and notes issued for electrification or 
          telephone purposes.
Sec. 6506. Expansion of 911 access.
Sec. 6507. Cybersecurity and grid security improvements.

                       Subtitle F--Program Repeals

Sec. 6601. Elimination of unfunded programs.
Sec. 6602. Repeal of Rural Telephone Bank.
Sec. 6603. Amendments to LOCAL TV Act.

                    Subtitle G--Technical Corrections

Sec. 6701. Corrections relating to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
          Development Act.
Sec. 6702. Corrections relating to the Rural Electrification Act of 
          1936.

           TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

Sec. 7101. Purposes of agricultural research, extension, and education.
Sec. 7102. Matters related to certain school designations and 
          declarations.
Sec. 7103. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and 
          Economics Advisory Board.
Sec. 7104. Specialty crop committee.
Sec. 7105. Renewable energy committee discontinued.
Sec. 7106. Veterinary services grant program.
Sec. 7107. Grants and fellowships for food and agriculture sciences 
          education.
Sec. 7108. Agricultural and food policy research centers.
Sec. 7109. Education grants to Alaska Native serving institutions and 
          Native Hawaiian serving institutions.
Sec. 7110. Next generation agriculture technology challenge.
Sec. 7111. Land-grant designation.
Sec. 7112. Nutrition education program.
Sec. 7113. Continuing animal health and disease research programs.
Sec. 7114. Carryover of funds for extension at 1890 land-grant colleges, 
          including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7115. Extension and agricultural research at 1890 land-grant 
          colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7116. Reports on disbursement of funds for agricultural research 
          and extension at 1862 and 1890 land-grant colleges, including 
          Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7117. Scholarships for students at 1890 institutions.
Sec. 7118. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences facilities 
          at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7119. Grants to upgrade agriculture and food sciences facilities 
          and equipment at insular area land-grant institutions.
Sec. 7120. New Beginning for Tribal Students.
Sec. 7121. Hispanic-serving institutions.
Sec. 7122. Binational agricultural research and development.
Sec. 7123. Partnerships to build capacity in international agricultural 
          research, extension, and teaching.
Sec. 7124. Competitive grants for international agricultural science and 
          education programs.
Sec. 7125. Limitation on indirect costs for agricultural research, 
          education, and extension programs.
Sec. 7126. Research equipment grants.
Sec. 7127. University research.
Sec. 7128. Extension service.
Sec. 7129. Supplemental and alternative crops; hemp.
Sec. 7130. New Era Rural Technology program.
Sec. 7131. Capacity building grants for NLGCA Institutions.
Sec. 7132. Agriculture advanced research and development authority 
          pilot.
Sec. 7133. Aquaculture assistance programs.
Sec. 7134. Rangeland research programs.
Sec. 7135. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and response.
Sec. 7136. Distance education and resident instruction grants program 
          for insular area institutions of higher education.

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Sec. 7201. Best utilization of biological applications.
Sec. 7202. Integrated management systems.
Sec. 7203. Sustainable agriculture technology development and transfer 
          program.
Sec. 7204. National training program.
Sec. 7205. National strategic germplasm and cultivar collection 
          assessment and utilization plan.
Sec. 7206. National Genetics Resources Program.
Sec. 7207. National Agricultural Weather Information System.
Sec. 7208. Agricultural genome to phenome initiative.
Sec. 7209. High-priority research and extension initiatives.
Sec. 7210. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7211. Farm business management.
Sec. 7212. Urban, indoor, and other emerging agricultural production 
          research, education, and extension initiative.
Sec. 7213. Centers of excellence at 1890 Institutions.
Sec. 7214. Clarification of veteran eligibility for assistive technology 
          program for farmers with disabilities.
Sec. 7215. National Rural Information Center Clearinghouse.

 Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                 of 1998

Sec. 7301. National food safety training, education, extension, 
          outreach, and technical assistance program.
Sec. 7302. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive 
          grants program.
Sec. 7303. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat, triticale, 
          and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia 
          indica.
Sec. 7304. Grants for youth organizations.
Sec. 7305. Specialty crop research initiative.
Sec. 7306. Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database program.
Sec. 7307. Office of Pest Management Policy.
Sec. 7308. Forestry products advanced utilization research.

         Subtitle D--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                      PART I--Agricultural Security

Sec. 7401. Agricultural biosecurity communication center.
Sec. 7402. Assistance to build local capacity in agricultural 
          biosecurity planning, preparation, and response.
Sec. 7403. Research and development of agricultural countermeasures.
Sec. 7404. Agricultural biosecurity grant program.

                         PART II--Miscellaneous

Sec. 7411. Grazinglands research laboratory.
Sec. 7412. Farm and Ranch Stress Assistance Network.
Sec. 7413. Natural products research program.
Sec. 7414. Sun grant program.

                  Subtitle E--Amendments to Other Laws

Sec. 7501. Critical Agricultural Materials Act.
Sec. 7502. Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994.
Sec. 7503. Research Facilities Act.
Sec. 7504. Agriculture and Food Research Initiative.
Sec. 7505. Extension design and demonstration initiative.
Sec. 7506. Repeal of review of agricultural research service.
Sec. 7507. Biomass research and development.
Sec. 7508. Reinstatement of matching requirement for Federal funds used 
          in extension work at the University of the District of 
          Columbia.
Sec. 7509. Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978.
Sec. 7510. National Aquaculture Act of 1980.
Sec. 7511. Federal agriculture research facilities.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 7601. Enhanced use lease authority program.
Sec. 7602. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over portion of Henry 
          A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, 
          Beltsville, Maryland.
Sec. 7603. Foundation for food and agriculture research.
Sec. 7604. Assistance for forestry research under the McIntire-Stennis 
          Cooperative Forestry Act.
Sec. 7605. Legitimacy of industrial hemp research.
Sec. 7606. Collection of data relating to barley area planted and 
          harvested.
Sec. 7607. Collection of data relating to the size and location of dairy 
          farms.
Sec. 7608. Agriculture innovation center demonstration program.
Sec. 7609. Smith-Lever community extension program.
Sec. 7610. Mechanization and automation for specialty crops.
Sec. 7611. Experienced services program.
Sec. 7612. Simplified plan of work.
Sec. 7613. Review of land-grant time and effort reporting requirements.
Sec. 7614. Matching funds requirement.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

         Subtitle A--Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978

Sec. 8101. Support for State assessments and strategies for forest 
          resources.
Sec. 8102. State and private forest landscape-scale restoration program.

  Subtitle B--Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Research Act of 
                                  1978

Sec. 8201. Repeal of recycling research.
Sec. 8202. Repeal of forestry student grant program.

        Subtitle C--Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990

Sec. 8301. Repeals relating to biomass.

           Subtitle D--Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003

Sec. 8401. Promoting cross-boundary wildfire mitigation.
Sec. 8402. Authorization of appropriations for hazardous fuel reduction 
          on Federal land.
Sec. 8403. Repeal of biomass commercial utilization grant program.
Sec. 8404. Water Source Protection Program.
Sec. 8405. Watershed Condition Framework.
Sec. 8406. Authorization of appropriations to combat insect infestations 
          and related diseases.
Sec. 8407. Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 amendments.
Sec. 8408. Authorization of appropriations for designation of treatment 
          areas.

Subtitle E--Repeal or Reauthorization of Miscellaneous Forestry Programs

Sec. 8501. Repeal of revision of strategic plan for forest inventory and 
          analysis.
Sec. 8502. Semiarid agroforestry research center.
Sec. 8503. National Forest Foundation Act.
Sec. 8504. Conveyance of Forest Service administrative sites.

                      Subtitle F--Forest Management

Sec. 8601. Definition of National Forest System.

PART I--Expedited Environmental Analysis and Availability of Categorical 
           Exclusions to Expedite Forest Management Activities

Sec. 8611. Categorical exclusion for greater sage-grouse and mule deer 
          habitat.

           PART II--Miscellaneous Forest Management Activities

Sec. 8621. Additional authority for sale or exchange of small parcels of 
          National Forest System land.
Sec. 8622. Forest Service participation in ACES program.
Sec. 8623. Authorization for lease of Forest Service sites.
Sec. 8624. Good neighbor authority.
Sec. 8625. Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forest land adjustment.
Sec. 8626. Tennessee wilderness.
Sec. 8627. Kisatchie National Forest land conveyance.
Sec. 8628. Purchase of Natural Resources Conservation Service property, 
          Riverside County, California.
Sec. 8629. Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program.
Sec. 8630. Utility infrastructure rights-of-way vegetation management 
          pilot program.
Sec. 8631. Okhissa Lake rural economic development land conveyance.
Sec. 8632. Remote sensing technologies.

                       PART III--Timber Innovation

Sec. 8641. Definitions.
Sec. 8642. Clarification of research and development program for wood 
          building construction.
Sec. 8643. Wood innovation grant program.
Sec. 8644. Community wood energy and wood innovation program.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 8701. Rural revitalization technologies.
Sec. 8702. Resource Advisory Committees.
Sec. 8703. Tribal forest management demonstration project.
Sec. 8704. Technical corrections.
Sec. 8705. Streamlining the Forest Service process for consideration of 
          communications facility location applications.
Sec. 8706. Report on wildfire, insect infestation, and disease 
          prevention on Federal land.
Sec. 8707. West Fork Fire Station.
Sec. 8708. Competitive forestry, natural resources, and environmental 
          grants program.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

Sec. 9001. Definitions.
Sec. 9002. Biobased markets program.
Sec. 9003. Biorefinery assistance.
Sec. 9004. Repowering assistance program.
Sec. 9005. Bioenergy program for advanced biofuels.
Sec. 9006. Biodiesel fuel education program.
Sec. 9007. Rural Energy for America Program.
Sec. 9008. Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative.
Sec. 9009. Feedstock flexibility.
Sec. 9010. Biomass Crop Assistance Program.
Sec. 9011. Carbon utilization and biogas education program.

                          TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

Sec. 10101. Specialty crops market news allocation.
Sec. 10102. Local agriculture market program.
Sec. 10103. Organic production and market data initiatives.
Sec. 10104. Organic certification.
Sec. 10105. National organic certification cost-share program.
Sec. 10106. Food safety education initiatives.
Sec. 10107. Specialty crop block grants.
Sec. 10108. Amendments to the Plant Variety Protection Act.
Sec. 10109. Multiple crop and pesticide use survey.
Sec. 10110. Report on the arrival in the United States of forest pests 
          through restrictions on the importation of certain plants for 
          planting.
Sec. 10111. Report on plant biostimulants.
Sec. 10112. Clarification of use of funds for technical assistance.
Sec. 10113. Hemp production.
Sec. 10114. Interstate commerce.
Sec. 10115. FIFRA interagency working group.
Sec. 10116. Study on methyl bromide use in response to an emergency 
          event.

                        TITLE XI--CROP INSURANCE

Sec. 11101. Definitions.
Sec. 11102. Data collection.
Sec. 11103. Sharing of records.
Sec. 11104. Use of resources.
Sec. 11105. Specialty crops.
Sec. 11106. Insurance period.
Sec. 11107. Cover crops.
Sec. 11108. Underserved producers.
Sec. 11109. Treatment of forage and grazing.
Sec. 11110. Administrative basic fee.
Sec. 11111. Enterprise units.
Sec. 11112. Continued authority.
Sec. 11113. Submission of policies and materials to board.
Sec. 11114. Crop production on native sod.
Sec. 11115. Use of national agricultural statistics service data to 
          combat waste, fraud, and abuse.
Sec. 11116. Submission of information to corporation.
Sec. 11117. Continuing education for loss adjusters and agents.
Sec. 11118. Program administration.
Sec. 11119. Agricultural commodity.
Sec. 11120. Maintenance of policies.
Sec. 11121. Reimbursement of research, development, and maintenance 
          costs.
Sec. 11122. Research and development authority.
Sec. 11123. Funding for research and development.
Sec. 11124. Technical amendment to pilot programs.
Sec. 11125. Education and risk management assistance.
Sec. 11126. Repeal of cropland report annual updates.

                        TITLE XII--MISCELLANEOUS

                          Subtitle A--Livestock

Sec. 12101. Animal disease prevention and management.
Sec. 12102. Sheep production and marketing grant program.
Sec. 12103. Feasibility study on livestock dealer statutory trust.
Sec. 12104. Definition of livestock.
Sec. 12105. National Aquatic Animal Health Plan.
Sec. 12106. Veterinary training.
Sec. 12107. Report on FSIS guidance and outreach to small meat 
          processors.
Sec. 12108. Regional Cattle and Carcass Grading Correlation and Training 
          Centers.

                Subtitle B--Agriculture and Food Defense

Sec. 12201. Repeal of Office of Homeland Security.
Sec. 12202. Office of Homeland Security.
Sec. 12203. Agriculture and food defense.
Sec. 12204. Biological agents and toxins list.
Sec. 12205. Authorization of appropriations.

             Subtitle C--Historically Underserved Producers

Sec. 12301. Farming opportunities training and outreach.
Sec. 12302. Urban agriculture.
Sec. 12303. Tribal Advisory Committee.
Sec. 12304. Beginning farmer and rancher coordination.
Sec. 12305. Agricultural youth organization coordinator.
Sec. 12306. Availability of Department of Agriculture programs for 
          veteran farmers and ranchers.

    Subtitle D--Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 
                               Amendments

Sec. 12401. Office of Congressional Relations and Intergovernmental 
          Affairs.
Sec. 12402. Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison.
Sec. 12403. Civil rights analyses.
Sec. 12404. Farm Service Agency.
Sec. 12405. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm Production and 
          Conservation.
Sec. 12406. Office of Partnerships and Public Engagement.
Sec. 12407. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development.
Sec. 12408. Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service.
Sec. 12409. Rural Health Liaison.
Sec. 12410. Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Sec. 12411. Office of the Chief Scientist.
Sec. 12412. Appointment of national appeals division hearing officers.
Sec. 12413. Trade and foreign agricultural affairs.
Sec. 12414. Repeals.
Sec. 12415. Technical corrections.
Sec. 12416. Termination of authority.

               Subtitle E--Other Miscellaneous Provisions

              PART I--Miscellaneous Agriculture Provisions

Sec. 12501. Acer access and development program.
Sec. 12502. Protecting animals with shelter.
Sec. 12503. Marketing orders.
Sec. 12504. Establishment of food loss and waste reduction liaison.
Sec. 12505. Report on business centers.
Sec. 12506. Report on personnel.
Sec. 12507. Report on absent landlords.
Sec. 12508. Century farms program.
Sec. 12509. Report on importation of live dogs.
Sec. 12510. Tribal Promise Zones.
Sec. 12511. Precision agriculture connectivity.
Sec. 12512. Improvements to United States Drought Monitor.
Sec. 12513. Dairy business innovation initiatives.
Sec. 12514. Report on funding for the National Institute of Food and 
          Agriculture and other extension programs.
Sec. 12515. Prohibition on slaughter of dogs and cats for human 
          consumption.
Sec. 12516. Labeling exemption for single ingredient foods and products.
Sec. 12517. South Carolina inclusion in Virginia/Carolina peanut 
          producing region.
Sec. 12518. Forest Service hire authority.
Sec. 12519. Conversion authority.
Sec. 12520. Authorization of protection operations for the Secretary of 
          Agriculture and others.

               PART II--National Oilheat Research Alliance

Sec. 12531. National oilheat research alliance.

                     Subtitle F--General Provisions

Sec. 12601. Baiting of migratory game birds.
Sec. 12602. Pima agriculture cotton trust fund.
Sec. 12603. Agriculture wool apparel manufacturers trust fund.
Sec. 12604. Wool research and promotion.
Sec. 12605. Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Development Trust 
          Fund.
Sec. 12606. Extension of merchandise processing fees.
Sec. 12607. Reports on land access and farmland ownership data 
          collection.
Sec. 12608. Reauthorization of rural emergency medical services training 
          and equipment assistance program.
Sec. 12609. Commission on Farm Transitions--Needs for 2050.
Sec. 12610. Exceptions under United States Grain Standards Act.
Sec. 12611. Conference report requirement threshold.
Sec. 12612. National agriculture imagery program.
Sec. 12613. Report on inclusion of natural stone products in Commodity 
          Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996.
Sec. 12614. Establishment of food access liaison.
Sec. 12615. Eligibility for operators on heirs property land to obtain a 
          farm number.
Sec. 12616. Extending prohibition on animal fighting to the territories.
Sec. 12617. Exemption of exportation of certain echinoderms from 
          permission and licensing requirements.
Sec. 12618. Data on conservation practices.
Sec. 12619. Conforming changes to Controlled Substances Act.

SEC. 2. DEFINITION OF SECRETARY.

    In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                      Subtitle A--Commodity Policy

SEC. 1101. DEFINITION OF EFFECTIVE REFERENCE PRICE.

    Section 1111 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9011) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (8) through (25) as 
        paragraphs (9) through (26), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
            ``(8) Effective reference price.--The term 
        `effective reference price', with respect to a covered 
        commodity for a crop year, means the lesser of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) An amount equal to 115 percent of the 
                reference price for such covered commodity.
                    ``(B) An amount equal to the greater of--
                            ``(i) the reference price for such 
                        covered commodity; or
                            ``(ii) 85 percent of the average of 
                        the marketing year average price of the 
                        covered commodity for the most recent 5 
                        crop years, excluding each of the crop 
                        years with the highest and lowest 
                        marketing year average price.''.

SEC. 1102. BASE ACRES.

    (a) Technical Corrections.--Section 1112(c)(2) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9012(c)(2)) is amended by 
striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Any acreage on the farm enrolled in--
                            ``(i) the conservation reserve 
                        program established under subchapter B 
                        of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII 
                        of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
                        U.S.C. 3831 et seq.); or
                            ``(ii) a wetland reserve easement 
                        under section 1265C of the Food 
                        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
                        3865c).''.
    (b) Reduction in Base Acres.--Section 1112(d) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9012(d)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Treatment of base acres on farms entirely 
        planted to grass or pasture.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In the case of a farm on 
                which all of the cropland was planted to grass 
                or pasture (including cropland that was idle or 
                fallow), as determined by the Secretary, during 
                the period beginning on January 1, 2009, and 
                ending on December 31, 2017, the Secretary 
                shall maintain all base acres and payment 
                yields for the covered commodities on the farm, 
                except that no payment shall be made with 
                respect to those base acres under section 1116 
                or 1117 for the 2019 through 2023 crop years.
                    ``(B) Ineligibility.--The producers on a 
                farm for which all of the base acres are 
                maintained under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                ineligible for the option to change the 
                election applicable to the producers on the 
                farm under section 1115(h).
            ``(4) Prohibition on reconstitution of farm.--The 
        Secretary shall ensure that producers on a farm do not 
        reconstitute the farm to void or change the treatment 
        of base acres under this section.''.

SEC. 1103. PAYMENT YIELDS.

    (a) Treatment of Designated Oilseeds.--Section 1113(b) of 
the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9013(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``designated 
        oilseeds'' and inserting ``oilseeds designated before 
        the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
        Act of 2018'';
            (2) in paragraphs (2) and (3), by striking ``a 
        designated oilseed'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``an oilseed designated before the date of 
        enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018''; 
        and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Treatment of oilseeds designated after 
        certain date.--In the case of oilseeds designated on or 
        after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
        Improvement Act of 2018, the payment yield shall be 
        equal to 90 percent of the average of the yield per 
        planted acre for the most recent 5 crop years, as 
        determined by the Secretary, excluding any crop year in 
        which the acreage planted to the covered commodity was 
        zero.''.
    (b) Single Opportunity to Update Yields.--Section 1113 of 
the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9013) is amended by 
striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Single Opportunity to Update Yields.--
            ``(1) Election to update.--At the sole discretion 
        of the owner of a farm, the owner of a farm shall have 
        a 1-time opportunity to update, on a covered-commodity-
        by-covered-commodity basis, the payment yield that 
        would otherwise be used in calculating any price loss 
        coverage payment for each covered commodity on the farm 
        for which the election is made.
            ``(2) Method of updating yields for covered 
        commodities.--If the owner of a farm elects to update 
        yields under paragraph (1), the payment yield for a 
        covered commodity on the farm, for the purpose of 
        calculating price loss coverage payments only, shall be 
        equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
                    ``(A) 90 percent;
                    ``(B) the average of the yield per planted 
                acre for the crop of covered commodities on the 
                farm for the 2013 through 2017 crop years, as 
                determined by the Secretary, excluding any crop 
                year in which the acreage planted to the 
                covered commodity was zero; and
                    ``(C) subject to paragraph (3), the ratio 
                obtained by dividing--
                            ``(i) the average of the 2008 
                        through 2012 national average yield per 
                        planted acre for the covered commodity, 
                        as determined by the Secretary; by
                            ``(ii) the average of the 2013 
                        through 2017 national average yield per 
                        planted acre for the covered commodity, 
                        as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Limitation.--In no case shall the ratio 
        obtained under paragraph (2)(C) be less than 90 percent 
        or greater than 100 percent.
            ``(4) Use of county average yield.--For the 
        purposes of determining the average yield per planted 
        acre under paragraph (2)(B), if the yield per planted 
        acre for a crop of a covered commodity for a farm for 
        any of the crop years described in that subparagraph 
        was less than 75 percent of the average of county 
        yields for those crop years for that commodity, the 
        Secretary shall assign a yield for that crop year equal 
        to 75 percent of the average of the 2013 through 2017 
        county yield for the covered commodity.
            ``(5) Upland cotton conversion.--In the case of 
        seed cotton, for purposes of determining the average of 
        the yield per planted acre under this subsection, the 
        average yield for seed cotton per planted acre shall be 
        equal to 2.4 times the average yield for upland cotton 
        per planted acre.
            ``(6) Time for election.--An election under this 
        subsection shall be made at a time and manner so as to 
        be in effect beginning with the 2020 crop year, as 
        determined by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 1104. PAYMENT ACRES.

    Section 1114 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9014) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, 
                unless the sum of the base acres on the farm, 
                when combined with the base acres of other 
                farms in which the producer has an interest, is 
                more than 10 acres'' before the period at the 
                end; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``or'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting a semicolon; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(C) a beginning farmer or rancher (as 
                defined in subsection (a) of section 2501 of 
                the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
                Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)); or
                    ``(D) a veteran farmer or rancher (as 
                defined in subsection (a) of section 2501 of 
                the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
                Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)).''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the 
        following:
            ``(5) Effect of reduction.--For each crop year for 
        which fruits, vegetables (other than mung beans and 
        pulse crops), or wild rice are planted to base acres on 
        a farm for which a reduction in payment acres is made 
        under this subsection, the Secretary shall consider 
        such base acres to be planted, or prevented from being 
        planted, to a covered commodity for purposes of any 
        adjustment or reduction of base acres for the farm 
        under section 1112.''.

SEC. 1105. PRODUCER ELECTION.

    Section 1115 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9015) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``Except as provided in 
        subsection (g), for the 2014 through 2018 crop years'' 
        and inserting ``For the 2014 through 2018 crop years 
        (except as provided in subsection (g)) and for the 2019 
        through 2023 crop years (subject to subsection (h))'';
            (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``subsection (a), the 
        producers on a farm that elect under paragraph (2) of 
        such subsection to obtain agriculture risk coverage 
        under section 1117'' and inserting ``subsection (a) or 
        (h), as applicable, the producers on a farm that elect 
        to obtain agriculture risk coverage'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by inserting ``or the 2019 crop year, as 
                applicable'' after ``2014 crop year'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or the 
                2019 crop year, as applicable,'' after ``2014 
                crop year''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(2) subject to subsection (h), the producers on 
        the farm shall be deemed to have elected, as 
        applicable--
                    ``(A) price loss coverage for all covered 
                commodities on the farm for the 2015 through 
                2018 crop years; and
                    ``(B) the same coverage for each covered 
                commodity on the farm for the 2020 through 2023 
                crop years as was applicable for the 2015 
                through 2018 crop years.'';
            (4) in subsection (g)(1), by inserting ``for the 
        2018 crop year,'' before ``all of the producers''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Option to Change Election.--
            ``(1) In general.--For the 2021 crop year and each 
        crop year thereafter, all of the producers on a farm 
        may change the election under subsection (a), 
        subsection (c), or this subsection, as applicable, to 
        price loss coverage or agriculture risk coverage, as 
        applicable.
            ``(2) Applicability.--An election change under 
        paragraph (1) shall apply to--
                    ``(A) the crop year for which the election 
                change is made; and
                    ``(B) each crop year thereafter until 
                another election change is made under that 
                paragraph.''.

SEC. 1106. PRICE LOSS COVERAGE.

    Section 1116 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9016) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) 
                as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and 
                indenting appropriately;
                    (B) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) by inserting ``or (h)'' after 
                        ``subsection (a)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``determines that, 
                        for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
                        years--'' and inserting ``determines 
                        that--
            ``(1) for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop years--
        '';
                    (C) in paragraph (1)(B) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) for any of the 2019 through 2023 crop years--
                    ``(A) the effective price for the covered 
                commodity for the crop year; is less than
                    ``(B) the effective reference price for the 
                covered commodity for the crop year.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) 
                as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and 
                indenting appropriately;
                    (B) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as 
                so redesignated), by striking ``The payment 
                rate'' and inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) 2014 through 2018 crop years.--For 
                the 2014 through 2018 crop years, the payment 
                rate'';
                    (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by 
                adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) 2019 through 2023 crop years.--For 
                the 2019 through 2023 crop years, the payment 
                rate shall be equal to the difference between--
                            ``(i) the effective reference price 
                        for the covered commodity; and
                            ``(ii) the effective price 
                        determined under subsection (b) for the 
                        covered commodity.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Announcement.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the end of each applicable 12-month marketing year for 
        each covered commodity, the Secretary shall publish the 
        payment rate determined under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Insufficient data.--In the case of a covered 
        commodity, such as temperate japonica rice, for which 
        the Secretary cannot determine the payment rate for the 
        most recent 12-month marketing year by the date 
        described in paragraph (2) due to insufficient 
        reporting of timely pricing data by 1 or more 
        nongovernmental entities, including a marketing 
        cooperative for the covered commodity, the Secretary 
        shall publish the payment rate as soon as practicable 
        after the marketing year data are made available.''; 
        and
            (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(g) Reference Price for Temperate Japonica Rice.--In 
order to reflect price premiums, the Secretary shall provide a 
reference price with respect to temperate japonica rice in an 
amount equal to the amount established under subparagraph (F) 
of section 1111(19), as adjusted by paragraph (8) of such 
section, multiplied by the ratio obtained by dividing--
            ``(1) the simple average of the marketing year 
        average price of medium grain rice from the 2012 
        through 2016 crop years; by
            ``(2) the simple average of the marketing year 
        average price of all rice from the 2012 through 2016 
        crop years.''.

SEC. 1107. AGRICULTURE RISK COVERAGE.

    Section 1117 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9017) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(beginning with the 2019 
                crop year, based on the physical location of 
                the farm)'' after ``payments''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or the 2019 through 2023 
                crop years, as applicable'' after ``2014 
                through 2018 crop years'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``paragraph (4)'' and 
                        inserting ``paragraphs (4) and (5)''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``(5)'' and inserting ``(6)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by 
                        striking ``(5)'' and inserting ``(6)''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        striking ``2018'' and inserting 
                        ``2023'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by striking ``If'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(A) 2014 through 2018 crop years.--
                Effective for the 2014 through 2018 crop years, 
                if''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) 2019 through 2023 crop years.--
                Effective for the 2019 through 2023 crop years, 
                if the yield per planted acre for the covered 
                commodity or historical county yield per 
                planted acre for the covered commodity for any 
                of the 5 most recent crop years, as determined 
                by the Secretary, is less than 80 percent of 
                the transitional yield, as determined by the 
                Secretary, the amounts used for any of those 
                years in paragraph (2)(A) or (3)(A)(i) shall be 
                80 percent of the transitional yield.'';
                    (D) by redesignating paragraph (5) as 
                paragraph (6);
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                following:
            ``(5) Trend-adjusted yield.--The Secretary shall 
        calculate and use a trend-adjusted yield factor to 
        adjust the yield determined under paragraph (2)(A) and 
        subsection (b)(1)(A), taking into consideration, but 
        not exceeding, the trend-adjusted yield factor that is 
        used to increase yield history under the endorsement 
        under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et 
        seq.) for that crop and county.''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) by striking ``Reference 
                        price.--If the national average market 
                        price'' and inserting the following: 
                        ``Low national average market price.--
                    ``(A) Reference price.--For the 2014 
                through 2018 crop years, if the national 
                average market price''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) Effective reference price.--For the 
                2019 through 2023 crop years, if the national 
                average market price received by producers 
                during the 12-month marketing year for any of 
                the 5 most recent crop years is lower than the 
                effective reference price for the covered 
                commodity, the Secretary shall use the 
                effective reference price for any of those 
                years for the amounts in paragraph (2)(B) or 
                (3)(A)(ii).'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by redesignating 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses (i) and 
                (ii), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) 
                as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and 
                indenting appropriately;
                    (C) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A) (as so redesignated), by striking ``The 
                payment'' and inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The payment''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Announcement.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the end of each applicable 12-month marketing year for 
        each covered commodity, the Secretary shall publish the 
        payment rate determined under paragraph (1) for each 
        county.'';
            (4) in subsection (e), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
            (5) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to the 
                maximum extent practicable,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' 
                after the semicolon at the end;
                    (C) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                        ``effective for the 2014 through 2018 
                        crop years,'' before ``in the case 
                        of''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) effective for the 2019 through 2023 crop 
        years, in the case of county coverage, assign an actual 
        or benchmark county yield for each planted acre for the 
        crop year for the covered commodity--
                    ``(A) for a county for which county data 
                collected by the Risk Management Agency are 
                sufficient for the Secretary to offer a county-
                wide insurance product, using the actual 
                average county yield determined by the Risk 
                Management Agency; or
                    ``(B) for a county not described in 
                subparagraph (A), using--
                            ``(i) other sources of yield 
                        information, as determined by the 
                        Secretary; or
                            ``(ii) the yield history of 
                        representative farms in the State, 
                        region, or crop reporting district, as 
                        determined by the Secretary.''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Publications.--
            ``(1) County guarantee.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For each crop year for a 
                covered commodity, the Secretary shall publish 
                information describing, for that crop year for 
                the covered commodity in each county--
                            ``(i) the agriculture risk coverage 
                        guarantee for county coverage 
                        determined under subsection (c)(1);
                            ``(ii) the average historical 
                        county yield determined under 
                        subsection (c)(2)(A); and
                            ``(iii) the national average market 
                        price determined under subsection 
                        (c)(2)(B).
                    ``(B) Timing.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as 
                        provided in clauses (ii) and (iii), not 
                        later than 30 days after the end of 
                        each applicable 12-month marketing 
                        year, the Secretary shall publish the 
                        information described in subparagraph 
                        (A).
                            ``(ii) Insufficient data.--In the 
                        case of a covered commodity, such as 
                        temperate japonica rice, for which the 
                        Secretary cannot determine the national 
                        average market price for the most 
                        recent 12-month marketing year by the 
                        date described in clause (i) due to 
                        insufficient reporting of timely 
                        pricing data by 1 or more 
                        nongovernmental entities, including a 
                        marketing cooperative for the covered 
                        commodity, as soon as practicable after 
                        the pricing data are made available, 
                        the Secretary shall publish information 
                        describing--
                                    ``(I) the agriculture risk 
                                coverage guarantee under 
                                subparagraph (A)(i); and
                                    ``(II) the national average 
                                market price under subparagraph 
                                (A)(iii).
                            ``(iii) Transition.--Not later than 
                        60 days after the date of enactment of 
                        the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
                        2018, the Secretary shall publish the 
                        information described in clauses (i) 
                        and (ii) of subparagraph (A) for the 
                        2018 crop year.
            ``(2) Actual average county yield.--As soon as 
        practicable after each crop year, the Secretary shall 
        determine and publish each actual average county yield 
        for each covered commodity, as determined under 
        subsection (b)(1)(A).
            ``(3) Data sources for county yields.--For the 2018 
        crop year and each crop year thereafter, the Secretary 
        shall make publicly available information describing, 
        for the most recent crop year--
                    ``(A) the sources of data used to calculate 
                county yields under subsection (c)(2)(A) for 
                each covered commodity--
                            ``(i) by county; and
                            ``(ii) nationally; and
                    ``(B) the number and outcome of occurrences 
                in which the Farm Service Agency reviewed, 
                changed, or determined not to change a source 
                of data used to calculate county yields under 
                subsection (c)(2)(A).
    ``(i) Administrative Units.--
            ``(1) In general.--For purposes of agriculture risk 
        coverage payments in the case of county coverage, a 
        county may be divided into not greater than 2 
        administrative units in accordance with this 
        subsection.
            ``(2) Eligible counties.--A county that may be 
        divided into administrative units under this subsection 
        is a county that--
                    ``(A) is larger than 1,400 square miles; 
                and
                    ``(B) contains more than 190,000 base 
                acres.
            ``(3) Elections.--Before making any agriculture 
        risk coverage payments for the 2019 crop year, the Farm 
        Service Agency State committee, in consultation with 
        the Farm Service Agency county or area committee of a 
        county described in paragraph (2), may make a 1-time 
        election to divide the county into administrative units 
        under this subsection along a boundary that better 
        reflects differences in weather patterns, soil types, 
        or other factors.
            ``(4) Limitation.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) limit the number of counties that may 
                be divided into administrative units under 
                paragraph (3) to 25 counties; and
                    ``(B) give preference to the division of 
                counties that have greater variation in 
                climate, soils, and expected productivity 
                between the proposed administrative units.
            ``(5) Administration.--For purposes of providing 
        agriculture risk coverage payments in the case of 
        county coverage, the Secretary shall consider an 
        administrative unit elected under paragraph (3) to be a 
        county for the 2019 through 2023 crop years.''.

SEC. 1108. REPEAL OF TRANSITION ASSISTANCE FOR PRODUCERS OF UPLAND 
                    COTTON.

    Section 1119 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9019) is repealed.

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

SEC. 1201. EXTENSIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1201(b)(1) of the Agricultural Act 
of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9031(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
and inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Repayment.--Section 1204 of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9034) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(2)(B), in the matter 
        preceding clause (i), by striking ``2019''and inserting 
        ``2024''; and
            (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.
    (c) Loan Deficiency Payments.--
            (1) Extension.--Section 1205(a)(2)(B) of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9035(a)(2)(B)) is 
        amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
            (2) Payments in lieu of ldps.--Section 1206 of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9036) is amended in 
        subsections (a) and (d) by striking ``2018'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 1202. LOAN RATES FOR NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1202 of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9032) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking the subsection 
        heading and inserting ``2014 through 2018 crop years'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as 
        subsections (c) and (d), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the 
        following:
    ``(b) 2019 Through 2023 Crop Years.--For purposes of each 
of the 2019 through 2023 crop years, the loan rate for a 
marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for a loan 
commodity shall be equal to the following:
            ``(1) In the case of wheat, $3.38 per bushel.
            ``(2) In the case of corn, $2.20 per bushel.
            ``(3) In the case of grain sorghum, $2.20 per 
        bushel.
            ``(4) In the case of barley, $2.50 per bushel.
            ``(5) In the case of oats, $2.00 per bushel.
            ``(6)(A) Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), in 
        the case of base quality of upland cotton, the simple 
        average of the adjusted prevailing world price for the 
        2 immediately preceding marketing years, as determined 
        by the Secretary and announced October 1 preceding the 
        next domestic planting.
            ``(B) Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the 
        loan rate determined under subparagraph (A) may not 
        equal less than an amount equal to 98 percent of the 
        loan rate for base quality of upland cotton for the 
        preceding year.
            ``(C) The loan rate determined under subparagraph 
        (A) may not be equal to an amount--
                    ``(i) less than $0.45 per pound; or
                    ``(ii) more than $0.52 per pound.
            ``(7) In the case of extra long staple cotton, 
        $0.95 per pound.
            ``(8) In the case of long grain rice, $7.00 per 
        hundredweight.
            ``(9) In the case of medium grain rice, $7.00 per 
        hundredweight.
            ``(10) In the case of soybeans, $6.20 per bushel.
            ``(11) In the case of other oilseeds, $10.09 per 
        hundredweight for each of the following kinds of 
        oilseeds:
                    ``(A) Sunflower seed.
                    ``(B) Rapeseed.
                    ``(C) Canola.
                    ``(D) Safflower.
                    ``(E) Flaxseed.
                    ``(F) Mustard seed.
                    ``(G) Crambe.
                    ``(H) Sesame seed.
                    ``(I) Other oilseeds designated by the 
                Secretary.
            ``(12) In the case of dry peas, $6.15 per 
        hundredweight.
            ``(13) In the case of lentils, $13.00 per 
        hundredweight.
            ``(14) In the case of small chickpeas, $10.00 per 
        hundredweight.
            ``(15) In the case of large chickpeas, $14.00 per 
        hundredweight.
            ``(16) In the case of graded wool, $1.15 per pound.
            ``(17) In the case of nongraded wool, $0.40 per 
        pound.
            ``(18) In the case of mohair, $4.20 per pound.
            ``(19) In the case of honey, $0.69 per pound.
            ``(20) In the case of peanuts, $355 per ton.''; and
            (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated), by 
        striking ``subsection (a)(11)'' and inserting 
        ``subsections (a)(11) and (b)(11)''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1204(h)(1) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9034(h)(1)) is amended by 
striking ``section 1202(a)(20)'' and inserting ``subsection 
(a)(20) or (b)(20), as applicable, of section 1202''.

SEC. 1203. ECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE FOR TEXTILE MILLS.

    (a) 2008 Authority.--Section 1207 of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8737) is amended 
by striking subsection (c).
    (b) 2014 Authority.--Section 1207(c) of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9037(c)) is amended by striking the 
subsection heading and inserting ``Economic Adjustment 
Assistance for Textile Mills''.

SEC. 1204. SPECIAL COMPETITIVE PROVISIONS FOR EXTRA LONG STAPLE COTTON.

    (a) In General.--Section 1208(a) of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9038(a)) is amended in the matter preceding 
paragraph (1) by striking ``2019'' and inserting ``2024''.
    (b) Payments Under Program; Trigger.--Section 1208(b)(2) of 
the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9038(b)(2)) is amended 
by striking ``134 percent'' and inserting ``113 percent''.

SEC. 1205. AVAILABILITY OF RECOURSE LOANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1209 of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9039) is amended in subsections (a)(2) and (b) 
by striking ``2018'' each place it appears and inserting 
``2023''.
    (b) Recourse Loans Available for Contaminated 
Commodities.--Section 1209 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9039) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
        following:
    ``(c) Recourse Loans Available for Contaminated 
Commodities.--In the case of a loan commodity that is 
ineligible for 100 percent of the nonrecourse marketing loan 
rate in the county due to a determination that the commodity is 
contaminated yet still merchantable, for each of the 2019 
through 2023 crops of such loan commodity, the Secretary shall 
make available recourse commodity loans, at the rate provided 
under section 1202, on any production.''.

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

SEC. 1301. SUGAR POLICY.

    (a) Sugar Program.--
            (1) Sugarcane.--Section 156(a) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 
        U.S.C. 7272(a)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) 19.75 cents per pound for raw cane sugar for 
        each of the 2019 through 2023 crop years.''.
            (2) Sugar beets.--Section 156(b)(2) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 
        U.S.C. 7272(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.
            (3) Effective period.--Section 156(i) of the 
        Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 
        (7 U.S.C. 7272(i)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Flexible Marketing Allotments for Sugar.--
            (1) Sugar estimates.--Section 359b(a)(1) of the 
        Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 
        1359bb(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.
            (2) Effective period.--Section 359l(a) of the 
        Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 
        1359ll(a)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.

  Subtitle D--Dairy Margin Coverage and Other Dairy Related Provisions

SEC. 1401. DAIRY MARGIN COVERAGE.

    (a) Review of Data Used in Calculation of Average Feed 
Cost.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report 
evaluating the extent to which the average cost of feed used by 
a dairy operation to produce a hundredweight of milk calculated 
by the Secretary as required by section 1402(a) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9052(a)) is representative 
of actual dairy feed costs.
    (b) Corn Silage Report.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
the Senate a report detailing the costs incurred by dairy 
operations in the use of corn silage as feed, and the 
difference between the feed cost of corn silage and the feed 
cost of corn.
    (c) Collection of Alfalfa Hay Data.--Not later than 120 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary, acting through the National Agricultural Statistics 
Service, shall revise monthly price survey reports to include 
prices for high-quality alfalfa hay in the top five milk 
producing States, as measured by volume of milk produced during 
the previous month.
    (d) Registration of Multiproducer Dairy Operations.--
Section 1404(b) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9054(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
        (5); and
            (2) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(3) Election period for 2019 calendar year.--For 
        the 2019 calendar year, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) open the election period not later 
                than 60 days after the effective date described 
                in section 1401(m) of the Agriculture 
                Improvement Act of 2018; and
                    ``(B) hold that election period open for 
                not less than 90 days.
            ``(4) Treatment of multiproducer dairy operation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If a participating dairy 
                operation is operated by more than 1 dairy 
                producer, the dairy producers of the dairy 
                operation who elect to participate shall be 
                treated as a single dairy operation for 
                purposes of participating in dairy margin 
                coverage.
                    ``(B) Rule of construction.--Subparagraph 
                (A) shall not be construed to allow a producer 
                to adjust the proportion of their share covered 
                under tier I or tier II premiums from the 
                proportion covered for the operation.''.
    (e) Relation to Livestock Gross Margin for Dairy Program.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1404 of the Agricultural 
        Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054) is amended by striking 
        subsection (d).
            (2) Retroactive program option.--Section 1404(b)(2) 
        of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054(b)(2)) 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Retroactive program option.--In the 
                case of a dairy operation that, by operation of 
                subsection (d) (as in effect on the day before 
                the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
                Improvement Act of 2018), was ineligible to 
                participate in the margin protection program 
                for any part of calendar year 2018, the 
                Secretary shall establish a new election period 
                for that calendar year that ends on a date that 
                is not less than 90 days after the date of 
                enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
                2018 and the Secretary determines is necessary 
                for dairy operations to make new elections to 
                participate in the margin protection program 
                (as in effect on the day before the date of 
                enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
                2018) for that calendar year, including dairy 
                operations that elected to participate in the 
                livestock gross margin for dairy program under 
                the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 
                et seq.) before the date of enactment of the 
                Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-
                123).''.
    (f) Production History of Participating Dairy Operators.--
            (1) Adjustment.--Section 1405 of the Agricultural 
        Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        ``In subsequent years'' and inserting 
                        ``In the subsequent calendar years 
                        ending before January 1, 2019''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (3), by inserting 
                        ``, as applicable'' after ``paragraph 
                        (2)''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraphs (1) 
                        and (2) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), 
                        respectively, and indenting 
                        appropriately;
                            (ii) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A) (as so redesignated), 
                        by striking ``In the case'' and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(1) Dairy operations with less than 1 year of 
        production history.--In the case''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
            ``(2) Dairy operations with 1 year or more of 
        production history.--In the case of a participating 
        dairy operation that was not in operation prior to 
        January 1, 2014, that has not established a production 
        history, and that has been in operation for equal to or 
        longer than 1 year, the participating dairy operation 
        shall elect the annual milk marketings during any 1 
        calendar year to determine the production history of 
        the participating dairy operation.
            ``(3) Adjustment.--The Secretary shall adjust the 
        production history of a participating dairy operation 
        determined under paragraph (1) or (2) to reflect any 
        increase or decrease in the national average milk 
        production relative to calendar year 2017.''.
            (2) Limitation on changes to business structure.--
        Section 1405 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
        9055) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Limitation on Changes to Business Structure.--The 
Secretary may not make dairy margin coverage payments to a 
participating dairy operation if the Secretary determines that 
the participating dairy operation has reorganized the structure 
of such operation solely for the purpose of qualifying as a new 
operation under subsection (b).''.
    (g) Coverage Level Threshold and Coverage Percentage.--
Section 1406 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9056) is 
amended by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Coverage Level Threshold and Coverage Percentage.--
            ``(1) Coverage level threshold.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of 
                receiving dairy margin coverage payments for a 
                month, a participating dairy operation shall 
                annually elect a coverage level threshold that 
                is equal to $4.00, $4.50, $5.00, $5.50, $6.00, 
                $6.50, $7.00, $7.50, $8.00, $8.50, $9.00, or 
                $9.50.
                    ``(B) Applicability.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (C), the coverage level threshold 
                elected under subparagraph (A) shall apply to 
                the covered production elected by the 
                participating dairy operation under paragraph 
                (2).
                    ``(C) Second coverage election for tier 
                ii.--In the case of a participating dairy 
                operation that elects a coverage level 
                threshold of $8.50, $9.00, or $9.50 under 
                subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) that coverage level threshold 
                        shall apply to the first 5,000,000 
                        pounds of milk marketings included in 
                        the covered production elected by the 
                        participating dairy operation; and
                            ``(ii) the participating dairy 
                        operation shall elect a coverage level 
                        threshold that is equal to $4.00, 
                        $4.50, $5.00, $5.50, $6.00, $6.50, 
                        $7.00, $7.50, or $8.00 to apply to milk 
                        marketings in excess of 5,000,000 
                        pounds included in the covered 
                        production elected by the participating 
                        dairy operation.
            ``(2) Coverage percentage.--For purposes of 
        receiving dairy margin coverage payments for a month, a 
        participating dairy operation shall annually elect a 
        percentage of coverage, in 5-percent increments, not 
        exceeding 95 percent of the production history of the 
        participating dairy operation.''.
    (h) Producer Premiums.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (2) 
        and (3) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Producer premiums.--Except as provided in 
        subsection (g), the following annual premiums apply:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
          ``Coverage Level                     Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
$4.00                                None
$4.50                                $0.0025
$5.00                                $0.005
$5.50                                $0.030
$6.00                                $0.050
$6.50                                $0.070
$7.00                                $0.080
$7.50                                $0.090
$8.00                                $0.100
$8.50                                $0.105
$9.00                                $0.110
$9.50                                $0.150''; and
------------------------------------------------------------------------

            (2) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Producer premiums.--Except as provided in 
        subsection (g), the following annual premiums apply:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
          ``Coverage Level                     Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
$4.00                                None
$4.50                                $0.0025
$5.00                                $0.005
$5.50                                $0.100
$6.00                                $0.310
$6.50                                $0.650
$7.00                                $1.107
$7.50                                $1.413
$8.00                                $1.813''.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (i) Repayment of Premiums.--Section 1407 of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(f) Repayment of Premiums.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each dairy operation described 
        in paragraph (2) shall be eligible to receive a 
        repayment from the Secretary in an amount equal to the 
        difference between--
                    ``(A) the total amount of premiums paid by 
                the participating dairy operation under this 
                section for each applicable calendar year; and
                    ``(B) the total amount of payments made to 
                the participating dairy operation under section 
                1406 for that calendar year.
            ``(2) Eligibility.--A dairy operation that is 
        eligible to receive a repayment under paragraph (1) is 
        a dairy operation that--
                    ``(A) participated in the margin protection 
                program, as in effect for any of calendar years 
                2014 through 2017; and
                    ``(B) submits to the Secretary an 
                application for the repayment at such time, in 
                such manner, and containing such information as 
                the Secretary may require.
            ``(3) Method of repayment.--A dairy operation that 
        is eligible to receive a repayment under paragraph (1) 
        shall elect to receive the repayment--
                    ``(A) in an amount equal to 75 percent of 
                the repayment calculated under that paragraph 
                as credit that may be used by the dairy 
                operation for dairy margin coverage premiums; 
                or
                    ``(B) in an amount equal to 50 percent of 
                the repayment calculated under that paragraph 
                as a direct cash repayment.
            ``(4) Applicability.--Paragraph (1) shall only 
        apply to a calendar year during the period of calendar 
        years 2014 through 2017 for which the amount described 
        in subparagraph (A) of that paragraph is greater than 
        the amount described in subparagraph (B) of that 
        paragraph.''.
    (j) Premium Discount.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural Act 
of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057) (as amended by subsection (i)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Premium Discount.--The premium per hundredweight 
specified in the tables contained in subsections (b) and (c) 
for each coverage level shall be reduced by 25 percent in 
accordance with the following:
            ``(1) In general.--For each of calendar years 2019 
        through 2023, for a participating dairy operation that 
        makes a 1-time election of coverage level in a tier and 
        of a percentage of coverage under section 1406(a) for 
        the 5-year period beginning in January 2019.
            ``(2) New dairy operations.--For each applicable 
        calendar year through 2023, for a participating dairy 
        operation that--
                    ``(A) establishes a production history 
                pursuant to section 1405(b); and
                    ``(B) makes a 1-time election of coverage 
                level in a tier and of a percentage of coverage 
                under section 1406(a) for the period beginning 
                with the first available calendar year and 
                ending in December 2023.
            ``(3) Full participation required.--Notwithstanding 
        the annual elections under section 1406(a)--
                    ``(A) a 1-time enrollment under this 
                subsection shall remain in effect for the full 
                duration applicable to a participating dairy 
                operation in accordance with paragraph (1) or 
                (2)(B), as applicable; and
                    ``(B) a participating dairy operation that 
                makes a 1-time enrollment under this subsection 
                and is noncompliant under section 1408 shall be 
                subject to that section.''.
    (k) Conforming Amendments Related to Program Name.--
            (1) Heading.--The heading of part I of subtitle D 
        of title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 
        113-79; 128 Stat. 688) is amended to read as follows:

                   ``PART I--DAIRY MARGIN COVERAGE''.

            (2) Definitions.--Section 1401 of the Agricultural 
        Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9051) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (5) and (6) and 
                inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(5) Dairy margin coverage.--The term `dairy 
        margin coverage' means the dairy margin coverage 
        program required by section 1403.
            ``(6) Dairy margin coverage payment.--The term 
        `dairy margin coverage payment' means a payment made to 
        a participating dairy operation under dairy margin 
        coverage pursuant to section 1406.''; and
                    (B) in paragraphs (7) and (8), by striking 
                ``the margin protection program'' both places 
                it appears and inserting ``dairy margin 
                coverage''.
            (3) Calculation of actual dairy production 
        margin.--Section 1402(b)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014 (7 U.S.C. 9052(b)(1)) is amended in the matter 
        preceding subparagraph (A) by striking ``the margin 
        protection program'' and inserting ``dairy margin 
        coverage''.
            (4) Program operation.--Section 1403 of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9053) is amended--
                    (A) by striking the section heading and 
                inserting ``dairy margin coverage'';
                    (B) by striking ``Not later than September 
                1, 2014, the Secretary shall establish and 
                administer a margin protection program'' and 
                inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall continue to 
administer a dairy margin coverage program'';
                    (C) in subsection (a) (as so designated), 
                by striking ``margin protection payment'' both 
                places it appears and inserting ``dairy margin 
                coverage payment''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Regulations.--Subpart A of part 1430 of title 7, Code 
of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment 
of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018), shall remain in 
effect for dairy margin coverage beginning with the 2019 
calendar year, except to the extent that the regulations are 
inconsistent with any provision of this Act.''.
            (5) Participation.--Section 1404 of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054) is amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by 
                striking``margin protection program'' and 
                inserting``dairy margin coverage'';
                    (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``the 
                margin protection program to receive margin 
                protection payments'' and inserting ``dairy 
                margin coverage to receive dairy margin 
                coverage payments''; and
                    (C) in subsections (b) and (c), by striking 
                ``the margin protection program'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``dairy margin 
                coverage''.
            (6) Production history.--Section 1405 of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055) is amended in 
        subsections (a)(1) and (c) by striking ``the margin 
        protection program'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``dairy margin coverage''.
            (7) Payments.--Section 1406 of the Agricultural Act 
        of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9056) is amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by 
                striking``margin protection'' and 
                inserting``dairy margin coverage'';
                    (B) by striking ``margin protection'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``dairy margin 
                coverage''; and
                    (C) in the heading of subsection (c), by 
                striking ``Margin Protection''.
            (8) Premiums.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural Act 
        of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057) is amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by 
                striking``margin protection program'' and 
                inserting``dairy margin coverage'';
                    (B) in subsection (a), in the matter 
                preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``the 
                margin protection program'' and inserting 
                ``dairy margin coverage'';
                    (C) in subsection (d), by striking 
                ``program'' and inserting ``dairy margin 
                coverage''; and
                    (D) in subsection (e)--
                            (i) by striking ``the margin 
                        protection program'' both places it 
                        appears and inserting ``dairy margin 
                        coverage''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        ``integrity of the program'' and 
                        inserting ``integrity of dairy margin 
                        coverage''.
            (9) Failure to pay administrative fees or 
        premiums.--Section 1408 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
        (7 U.S.C. 9058) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking 
                ``margin protection'' and inserting ``dairy 
                margin coverage''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the 
                margin protection program'' and inserting 
                ``dairy margin coverage''.
            (10) Administration and enforcement.--Section 1410 
        of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9060) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsections (a) and (c), by striking 
                ``the margin protection program'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``dairy margin 
                coverage''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``margin 
                protection'' and inserting ``dairy margin 
                coverage''.
    (l) Duration.--Section 1409 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
(7 U.S.C. 9059) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The margin protection program'' 
        and inserting ``Dairy margin coverage''; and
            (2) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (m) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on January 1, 2019.

SEC. 1402. REAUTHORIZATIONS.

    (a) Forward Pricing.--Section 1502(e) of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8772(e)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2021'' and 
        inserting ``2026''.
    (b) Indemnity Program.--Section 3 of Public Law 90-484 (7 
U.S.C. 4553) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
    (c) Promotion and Research.--Section 113(e)(2) of the Dairy 
Production Stabilization Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 4504(e)(2)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 1403. CLASS I SKIM MILK PRICE.

    (a) Class I Skim Milk Price.--Section 8c(5)(A) of the 
Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(5)(A)), reenacted 
with amendments by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 
1937, is amended by striking ``Throughout'' in the third 
sentence and all that follows through the period at the end of 
the fourth sentence and inserting ``Throughout the 2-year 
period beginning on the effective date of this sentence (and 
subsequent to such 2-year period unless modified by amendment 
to the order involved), for purposes of determining prices for 
milk of the highest use classification, the Class I skim milk 
price per hundredweight specified in section 1000.50(b) of 
title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
regulations), shall be the sum of the adjusted Class I 
differential specified in section 1000.52 of such title 7 (or 
successor regulations), plus the adjustment to Class I prices 
specified in sections 1005.51(b), 1006.51(b), and 1007.51(b) of 
such title 7 (or successor regulations), plus the simple 
average of the advanced pricing factors computed in sections 
1000.50(q)(1) and 1000.50(q)(2) of such title 7 (or successor 
regulations), plus $0.74.''.
    (b) Effective Date and Implementation.--
            (1) Effective date.--The amendment made by 
        subsection (a) shall take effect on the first day of 
        the first month beginning more than 120 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act.
            (2) Implementation.--Implementation of the 
        amendment made by subsection (a) shall not be subject 
        to any of the following:
                    (A) The notice and comment provisions of 
                section 553 of title 5, United States Code.
                    (B) The notice and hearing requirements of 
                section 8c(3) of the Agricultural Adjustment 
                Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(3)), reenacted with 
                amendments by the Agricultural Marketing 
                Agreement Act of 1937.
                    (C) The order amendment requirements of 
                section 8c(17) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(17)).
                    (D) A referendum under section 8c(19) of 
                that Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(19)).

SEC. 1404. DAIRY PRODUCT DONATION.

    (a) Repeal of Dairy Product Donation Program.--Section 1431 
of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9071) is repealed.
    (b) Milk Donation Program.--
            (1) In general.--Part III of subtitle D of title I 
        of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79; 128 
        Stat. 695) is amended to read as follows:

                   ``PART III--MILK DONATION PROGRAM

``SEC. 1431. MILK DONATION PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible dairy organization.--The term 
        `eligible dairy organization' means a dairy farmer 
        (either individually or as part of a cooperative), or a 
        dairy processor, who--
                    ``(A) accounts to a Federal milk marketing 
                order marketwide pool; and
                    ``(B) incurs qualified expenses under 
                subsection (e).
            ``(2) Eligible distributor.--The term `eligible 
        distributor' means a public or private nonprofit 
        organization that distributes donated eligible milk.
            ``(3) Eligible milk.--The term `eligible milk' 
        means Class I fluid milk products produced and 
        processed in the United States.
            ``(4) Eligible partnership.--The term `eligible 
        partnership' means a partnership between an eligible 
        dairy organization and an eligible distributor.
            ``(5) Participating partnership.--The term 
        `participating partnership' means an eligible 
        partnership for which the Secretary has approved a 
        donation and distribution plan for eligible milk under 
        subsection (c)(2).
    ``(b) Program Required; Purposes.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act 
of 2018, the Secretary shall establish and administer a milk 
donation program for the purposes of--
            ``(1) encouraging the donation of eligible milk;
            ``(2) providing nutrition assistance to individuals 
        in low-income groups; and
            ``(3) reducing food waste.
    ``(c) Donation and Distribution Plans.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive 
        reimbursement under subsection (d), an eligible 
        partnership shall submit to the Secretary a donation 
        and distribution plan that--
                    ``(A) describes the process that the 
                eligible partnership will use for the donation, 
                processing, transportation, temporary storage, 
                and distribution of eligible milk;
                    ``(B) includes an estimate of the quantity 
                of eligible milk that the eligible partnership 
                will donate each year, based on--
                            ``(i) preplanned donations; and
                            ``(ii) contingency plans to address 
                        unanticipated donations; and
                    ``(C) describes the rate at which the 
                eligible partnership will be reimbursed, which 
                shall be based on a percentage of the 
                limitation described in subsection (e)(2), not 
                to exceed 100 percent.
            ``(2) Review and approval.--Not less frequently 
        than annually, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) review donation and distribution 
                plans submitted under paragraph (1); and
                    ``(B) determine whether to approve or 
                disapprove each of those donation and 
                distribution plans.
    ``(d) Reimbursement.--
            ``(1) In general.--On receipt of appropriate 
        documentation under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall 
        reimburse an eligible dairy organization that is a 
        member of a participating partnership on a regular 
        basis for qualified expenses described in subsection 
        (e).
            ``(2) Documentation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An eligible dairy 
                organization shall submit to the Secretary such 
                documentation as the Secretary may require to 
                demonstrate the qualified expenses described in 
                subsection (e) of the eligible dairy 
                organization.
                    ``(B) Verification.--The Secretary may 
                verify the accuracy of documentation submitted 
                under subparagraph (A) by spot checks and 
                audits.
            ``(3) Retroactive reimbursement.--In providing 
        reimbursements under paragraph (1), the Secretary may 
        provide reimbursements for qualified expenses incurred 
        before the date on which the donation and distribution 
        plan for the applicable participating partnership was 
        approved by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Qualified Expenses.--
            ``(1) In general.--The amount of a reimbursement 
        under subsection (d) shall be an amount equal to the 
        product of--
                    ``(A) the quantity of eligible milk donated 
                by the eligible dairy organization under a 
                donation and distribution plan approved by the 
                Secretary under subsection (c); and
                    ``(B) subject to the limitation under 
                paragraph (2), the rate described in that 
                donation and distribution plan under subsection 
                (c)(1)(C).
            ``(2) Limitation.--Expenses eligible for 
        reimbursement under subsection (d) shall not exceed the 
        value that an eligible dairy organization incurred by 
        accounting to the Federal milk marketing order pool at 
        the difference in the Class I milk value and the lowest 
        classified price for the applicable month (either Class 
        III milk or Class IV milk).
    ``(f) Preapproval.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) establish a process for an eligible 
                partnership to apply for preapproval of 
                donation and distribution plans under 
                subsection (c); and
                    ``(B) not less frequently than annually, 
                preapprove an amount for qualified expenses 
                described in subsection (e) that the Secretary 
                will allocate for reimbursement under each 
                donation and distribution plan preapproved 
                under subparagraph (A), based on an assessment 
                of--
                            ``(i) the feasibility of the plan; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) the extent to which the plan 
                        advances the purposes described in 
                        subsection (b).
            ``(2) Preference.--In preapproving amounts for 
        reimbursement under paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary 
        shall give preference to eligible partnerships that 
        will provide funding and in-kind contributions in 
        addition to the reimbursements.
            ``(3) Adjustments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                adjust or increase amounts preapproved for 
                reimbursement under paragraph (1)(B) based on 
                performance and demand.
                    ``(B) Requests for increase.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        shall establish a procedure for a 
                        participating partnership to request an 
                        increase in the amount preapproved for 
                        reimbursement under paragraph (1)(B) 
                        based on changes in conditions.
                            ``(ii) Interim approval; 
                        incremental increase.--The Secretary 
                        may provide an interim approval of an 
                        increase requested under clause (i) and 
                        an incremental increase in the amount 
                        of reimbursement to the applicable 
                        participating partnership to allow time 
                        for the Secretary to review the request 
                        without interfering with the donation 
                        and distribution of eligible milk by 
                        the participating partnership.
    ``(g) Prohibition on Resale of Products.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible distributor that 
        receives eligible milk donated under this section may 
        not sell the products back into commercial markets.
            ``(2) Prohibition on future participation.--An 
        eligible distributor that the Secretary determines has 
        violated paragraph (1) shall not be eligible for any 
        future participation in the program established under 
        this section.
    ``(h) Administration.--The Secretary shall publicize 
opportunities to participate in the program established under 
this section.
    ``(i) Reviews.--The Secretary shall conduct appropriate 
reviews or audits to ensure the integrity of the program 
established under this section.
    ``(j) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section 
$9,000,000 for fiscal year 2019, and $5,000,000 for each fiscal 
year thereafter, to remain available until expended.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1401 of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9051) is amended, in 
        the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``and 
        part III''.

       Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance

SEC. 1501. SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Members of Indian Tribes.--Section 1501(a)(1)(B) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(a)(1)(B)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating clauses (iii) and (iv) as 
        clauses (iv) and (v), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
                            ``(iii) an Indian tribe or tribal 
                        organization (as those terms are 
                        defined in section 4 of the Indian 
                        Self-Determination and Education 
                        Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304));''.
    (b) Covered Livestock Losses for Livestock Indemnity 
Payments.--Section 1501(b) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9081(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``or'' at the end of 
                subparagraph (A);
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``cold.'' and inserting ``cold, on the 
                condition that in the case of the death loss of 
                unweaned livestock due to that adverse weather, 
                the Secretary may disregard any management 
                practice, vaccination protocol, or lack of 
                vaccination by the eligible producer on a farm; 
                or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) disease that, as determined by the 
                Secretary--
                            ``(i) is caused or transmitted by a 
                        vector; and
                            ``(ii) is not susceptible to 
                        control by vaccination or acceptable 
                        management practices.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``A payment'' and 
        inserting ``Payment reductions.--A payment''.
    (c) Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, and 
Farm-raised Fish.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1501(d)(2) of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(d)(2)) is 
        amended by inserting ``, including inspections of 
        cattle tick fever'' before the period at the end.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by 
        paragraph (1) shall apply to inspections of cattle tick 
        fever conducted on or after the date of enactment of 
        this Act.
    (d) Tree Assistance Program.--Section 1501(e) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs (4) and (5)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Payment rate for beginning and veteran 
        producers.--Subject to paragraph (4), in the case of a 
        beginning farmer or rancher or a veteran farmer or 
        rancher (as those terms are defined in subsection (a) 
        of section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
        and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)) that is eligible 
        to receive assistance under this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall provide reimbursement of 75 percent of 
        the costs under subparagraphs (A)(i) and (B) of 
        paragraph (3).''.
    (e) Payment Limitation.--Section 1501(f)(2) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(f)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``this section (excluding payments received under 
subsections (b) and (e))'' and inserting ``subsection (c)''.

                 Subtitle F--Noninsured Crop Assistance

SEC. 1601. NONINSURED CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end 
                the following:
                    ``(C) Data collection and sharing.--The 
                Secretary shall coordinate with the 
                Administrator of the Risk Management Agency on 
                the type and format of data received under the 
                noninsured crop disaster assistance program 
                that--
                            ``(i) best facilitates the use of 
                        that data in developing policies or 
                        plans of insurance offered under the 
                        Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
                        1501 et seq.); and
                            ``(ii) ensures the availability of 
                        that data on a regular basis.
                    ``(D) Coordination.--The Secretary shall 
                coordinate between the agencies of the 
                Department that provide programs or services to 
                farmers and ranchers that are potentially 
                eligible for the noninsured crop disaster 
                assistance program under this section--
                            ``(i) to make available coverage 
                        under--
                                    ``(I) the fee waiver under 
                                subsection (k)(2); or
                                    ``(II) the premium discount 
                                under subsection (l)(3); and
                            ``(ii) to share eligibility 
                        information to reduce paperwork and 
                        avoid duplication.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), in this section, the term `eligible crop' 
                means each commercial crop or other 
                agricultural commodity that is produced for 
                food or fiber (except livestock) for which 
                catastrophic risk protection under subsection 
                (b) of section 508 of the Federal Crop 
                Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) and additional 
                coverage under subsections (c) and (h) of such 
                section are not available or, if such coverage 
                is available, it is only available under a 
                policy that provides coverage for specific 
                intervals based on weather indexes or under a 
                whole farm plan of insurance.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                            (i) by striking clause (i) and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--
                                    ``(I) Agricultural act of 
                                2014.--During the first 4 crop 
                                years of planting, as 
                                determined by the Secretary, 
                                native sod acreage that has 
                                been tilled for the production 
                                of an annual crop during the 
                                period beginning on February 8, 
                                2014, and ending on the date of 
                                enactment of the Agriculture 
                                Improvement Act of 2018 shall 
                                be subject to a reduction in 
                                benefits under this section as 
                                described in this subparagraph.
                                    ``(II) Subsequent years.--
                                Native sod acreage that has 
                                been tilled for the production 
                                of an eligible crop after the 
                                date of enactment of the 
                                Agriculture Improvement Act of 
                                2018 shall be subject to a 
                                reduction in benefits under 
                                this section as described in 
                                this subparagraph for not more 
                                than any 4 crop years--
                                            ``(aa) during the 
                                        first 10 crop years 
                                        after the initial 
                                        tillage; and
                                            ``(bb) during which 
                                        a crop on that acreage 
                                        is enrolled under 
                                        subsection (l)(2) or 
                                        (k).''; and
                            (ii) in clause (iii)(I), by 
                        striking ``transitional yield of the 
                        producer'' and inserting ``county 
                        expected yield'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``not 
                later than 30 days'' and inserting ``by an 
                appropriate deadline''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Streamlined submission process.--The 
        Secretary shall establish a streamlined process for the 
        submission of records and acreage reports under 
        paragraphs (2) and (3) for diverse production systems 
        such as those typical of urban production systems, 
        other small-scale production systems, and direct-to-
        consumer production systems.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), 
                and (3) as paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
                so redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) the producer's share of the total acres 
        devoted to the eligible crop; by''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``established yield for the crop'' 
                and inserting ``approved yield for the crop, as 
                determined by the Secretary'';
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``farm'' 
                and inserting ``approved'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the second sentence--
                                    (I) by inserting 
                                ``approved'' before ``yield''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking 
                                ``Subject'' and inserting the 
                                following:
                    ``(B) Calculation.--Subject''; and
                            (ii) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (B) (as so designated)--
                                    (I) by striking ``yield 
                                coverage'' and inserting ``an 
                                approved yield''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``The 
                                Secretary'' and inserting the 
                                following:
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``transitional yield of the producer'' and 
                inserting ``county expected yield'';
            (5) in subsection (i)(2), by striking ``exceed 
        $125,000'' and inserting the following: ``exceed--
                    ``(A) in the case of catastrophic coverage 
                under subsection (c), $125,000; and
                    ``(B) in the case of additional coverage 
                under subsection (l), $300,000'';
            (6) in subsection (k)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``$250'' and inserting ``$325''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``$750'' and 
                        inserting ``$825''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``$1,875'' and 
                        inserting ``$1,950''; and
            (7) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by redesignating subparagraphs 
                        (A), (B), and (C) as subparagraphs (B), 
                        (C), and (D), respectively;
                            (ii) by inserting before 
                        subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated) 
                        the following:
                    ``(A) the producer's share of the total 
                acres devoted to the crop;''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C) (as so 
                        redesignated), by inserting ``, 
                        contract price, or other premium price 
                        (such as a local, organic, or direct 
                        market price, as elected by the 
                        producer)'' after ``price'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B)(i)--
                            (i) in subclause (IV), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subclause (V), by striking 
                        ``or'' at the end and inserting 
                        ``and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                                    ``(VI) the producer's share 
                                of the crop; or'';
                    (C) by striking paragraphs (3) and (5); and
                    (D) by redesignating paragraph (4) as 
                paragraph (3).

                       Subtitle G--Administration

SEC. 1701. REGULATIONS.

    Section 1601(c)(2) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9091(c)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
        striking ``title and sections 11003 and 11017'' and 
        inserting ``title, sections 11003 and 11017, title I of 
        the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 and the 
        amendments made by that title, and section 10109 of 
        that Act'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (3) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a period; and
            (4) by striking subparagraph (C).

SEC. 1702. SUSPENSION OF PERMANENT PRICE SUPPORT AUTHORITY.

    Section 1602 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9092) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 1703. PAYMENT LIMITATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1001 of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 
                1001 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
                of 2008'' and inserting ``section 1111 of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9011)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``first 
                cousin, niece, nephew,'' after ``sibling,'';
            (2) in subsections (b) and (c), by striking ``and 
        as marketing loan gains or loan deficiency payments 
        under subtitle B of title I of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014'' each place it appears and inserting ``of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9016, 9017)''; and
            (3) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the 
        following:
            ``(9) Administration of reduction.--The Secretary 
        shall apply any order described in section 1614(d)(1) 
        of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(d)(1)) 
        to payments under sections 1116 and 1117 of that Act (7 
        U.S.C. 9016, 9017) prior to applying payment 
        limitations under this section.''.
    (b) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply beginning with the 2019 crop year.

SEC. 1704. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME LIMITATIONS.

    (a) Waiver.--Section 1001D(b) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(C), by inserting ``title II of 
        the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018,'' after 
        ``under''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the 
        limitation established by paragraph (1) with respect to 
        a payment pursuant to a covered benefit described in 
        paragraph (2)(C), on a case-by-case basis, if the 
        Secretary determines that environmentally sensitive 
        land of special significance would be protected as a 
        result of such waiver.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1001D(b)(1) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)(1)) is amended by 
inserting ``subject to paragraph (3),'' after ``of law,''.
    (c) Transition.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a), as in effect on the day before the 
date of enactment of this Act, shall apply with respect to the 
2018 crop, fiscal, or program year, as appropriate, for each 
program described in subsection (b)(2) of that section (as so 
in effect on that day).

SEC. 1705. FARM SERVICE AGENCY ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish policies, 
procedures, and plans to improve program accountability and 
integrity through targeted and coordinated activities, 
including utilizing data mining to identify and reduce errors, 
waste, fraud, and abuse in programs administered by the Farm 
Service Agency.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
Senate a report describing the progress and results of the 
activities conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 1706. IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) Maintenance of Base Acres and Payment Yields.--Section 
1614(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(a)) is 
amended by inserting ``, and as adjusted pursuant to sections 
1112 and 1113'' before the period at the end.
    (b) Streamlining.--Section 1614 of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097) is amended by striking subsection (b) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(b) Streamlining.--In implementing this title and the 
amendments made by this title, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) continue to reduce administrative burdens and 
        costs to producers by streamlining and reducing 
        paperwork, forms, and other administrative 
        requirements, to ensure that--
                    ``(A) a producer (or an agent of a 
                producer) may report information, 
                electronically (including geospatial data) or 
                conventionally, to the Department of 
                Agriculture, subject to the Secretary--
                            ``(i) establishing reasonable 
                        levels of tolerance that reflect the 
                        differences in accuracy between 
                        measures of common land units and 
                        geospatial data; and
                            ``(ii) ensuring that discrepancies 
                        that occur within the levels of 
                        tolerance established under clause (i) 
                        shall not be used to penalize a 
                        producer (or an agent of a producer) 
                        under any program administered by the 
                        Department of Agriculture;
                    ``(B) on the request of a producer (or an 
                agent of a producer), the Department of 
                Agriculture electronically shares with the 
                producer (or agent) in real time and without 
                cost to the producer (or agent) the common land 
                unit data, related farm level data, 
                conservation practices, and other information 
                of the producer through a single Department of 
                Agriculture-wide login;
                    ``(C) not later than September 30, 2020, 
                the Administrator of the Risk Management Agency 
                and the Administrator of the Farm Service 
                Agency shall implement a consistent method for 
                determining crop acreage, acreage yields, farm 
                acreage, property descriptions, and other 
                common informational requirements, including 
                measures of common land units;
                    ``(D) except in the case of 
                misrepresentation, fraud, or scheme and device, 
                no crop insurance agent, approved insurance 
                provider, or employee or contractor of a crop 
                insurance agency or approved insurance provider 
                bears responsibility or liability under the 
                Acreage Crop Reporting and Streamlining 
                Initiative (or any successor or similar 
                initiative) for the eligibility of a producer 
                for a program administered by the Department of 
                Agriculture, not including a policy or plan of 
                insurance offered under the Federal Crop 
                Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.); and
                    ``(E) on request of a crop insurance agent 
                or approved insurance provider required to 
                deliver policies and plans of insurance under 
                the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 
                et seq.) the crop insurance agent or approved 
                insurance provider receives, in a timely 
                manner, any information held by the Farm 
                Service Agency that is necessary to ensure 
                effective crop insurance coverage for farmer 
                customers;
            ``(2) continue to improve coordination, information 
        sharing, and administrative work among the Farm Service 
        Agency, Risk Management Agency, Natural Resources 
        Conservation Service, and other agencies, as determined 
        by the Secretary;
            ``(3) continue to take advantage of new 
        technologies to enhance the efficiency and 
        effectiveness of the delivery of Department of 
        Agriculture programs to producers, including by 
        developing and making publicly available data standards 
        and security procedures to allow third-party providers 
        to develop applications that use or feed data 
        (including geospatial and precision agriculture data) 
        into the datasets and analyses of the Department of 
        Agriculture; and
            ``(4) reduce administrative burdens on producers 
        participating in price loss coverage or agriculture 
        risk coverage by offering--
                    ``(A) those producers an option to remotely 
                and electronically sign annual contracts for 
                that coverage; and
                    ``(B) to the maximum extent practicable, an 
                option to sign a multiyear contract for that 
                coverage.''.
    (c) Implementation.--Section 1614(c) of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(c)) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
            ``(4) Agriculture improvement act of 2018.--The 
        Secretary shall make available to the Farm Service 
        Agency to carry out title I of the Agriculture 
        Improvement Act of 2018 and the amendments made by that 
        title $15,500,000.''.
    (d) Loan Implementation.--Section 1614(d)(1) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(d)(1)) is amended by 
striking ``under subtitles'' and all that follows through 
``except'' and inserting ``under subtitle B or C, under the 
amendments made by subtitle B or C, or under the amendments 
made by subtitle B or C of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
2018, except''.
    (e) Deobligation of Unliquidated Obligations.--Section 1614 
of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Deobligation of Unliquidated Obligations.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), any 
        payment obligated or otherwise made available by the 
        Secretary under this title on or after the date of 
        enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 
        that is not disbursed to the recipient by the date that 
        is 5 years after the date on which the payment is 
        obligated or otherwise made available shall--
                    ``(A) be deobligated; and
                    ``(B) revert to the Treasury.
            ``(2) Outstanding payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to paragraph 
                (3), any payment obligated or otherwise made 
                available by the Farm Service Agency (or any 
                predecessor agency of the Department of 
                Agriculture) under the laws described in 
                subparagraph (B) before the date of enactment 
                of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, 
                that is not disbursed by the date that is 5 
                years after the date on which the payment is 
                obligated or otherwise made available shall--
                            ``(i) be deobligated; and
                            ``(ii) revert to the Treasury.
                    ``(B) Laws described.--The laws referred to 
                in subparagraph (A) are any of the following:
                            ``(i) This title.
                            ``(ii) Title I of the Food, 
                        Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
                        U.S.C. 8702 et seq.).
                            ``(iii) Title I of the Farm 
                        Security and Rural Investment Act of 
                        2002 (7 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.).
                            ``(iv) The Agricultural Market 
                        Transition Act (7 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.).
                            ``(v) Titles I through XI of the 
                        Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
                        Trade Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-624; 
                        104 Stat. 3374) and the amendments made 
                        by those titles.
                            ``(vi) Titles I through X of the 
                        Food Security Act of 1985 (Public Law 
                        99-198; 99 Stat. 1362) and the 
                        amendments made by those titles.
                            ``(vii) Titles I through XI of the 
                        Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 
                        (Public Law 97-98; 95 Stat. 1218) and 
                        the amendments made by those titles.
                            ``(viii) Titles I through X of the 
                        Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 
                        (Public Law 95-113; 91 Stat. 917) and 
                        the amendments made by those titles.
            ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may delay the date of 
        the deobligation and reversion under paragraph (1) or 
        (2) of any payment--
                    ``(A) that is the subject of--
                            ``(i) ongoing administrative review 
                        or appeal;
                            ``(ii) litigation; or
                            ``(iii) the settlement of an 
                        estate; or
                    ``(B) for which the Secretary otherwise 
                determines that the circumstances are such that 
                the delay is equitable.''.
    (f) Report.--Section 1614 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
(7 U.S.C. 9097) (as amended by subsection (e)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2020, and each 
January 1 thereafter through January 1, 2023, the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
and Forestry of the Senate a report that describes the tilled 
native sod acreage that was subject to a reduction in benefits 
under section 196(a)(4)(B) of the Federal Agriculture 
Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333(a)(4)(B) and 
section 508(o)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(o)(2))--
            ``(1) as of the date of submission of the report; 
        and
            ``(2) by State and county, relative to the total 
        acres of cropland in the State or county.''.

SEC. 1707. EXEMPTION FROM CERTAIN REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN 
                    PRODUCERS.

    (a) Definition of Exempted Producer.--In this section, the 
term ``exempted producer'' means an individual or entity that 
is eligible to participate in--
            (1) a conservation program under title II or a law 
        amended by title II;
            (2) an indemnity or disease control program under 
        the Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8301 et 
        seq.) or the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7701 et 
        seq.); or
            (3) a commodity program under title I of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9011 et seq.), 
        excluding the assistance provided to users of cotton 
        under sections 1207(c) and 1208 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
        9037(c), 9038).
    (b) Exemption.--Notwithstanding the Federal Funding 
Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-
282; 31 U.S.C. 6101 note), the requirements of parts 25 and 170 
of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
regulations), shall not apply with respect to assistance 
received by an exempted producer from the Secretary, acting 
through the Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation 
Service, the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health 
Inspection Service, or the Administrator of the Farm Service 
Agency.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                    Subtitle A--Wetland Conservation

SEC. 2101. WETLAND CONVERSION.

    Section 1221(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3821(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Except as'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--Except as''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Duty of the secretary.--No person shall 
        become ineligible under paragraph (1) if the Secretary 
        determines that an exemption under section 1222(b) 
        applies to that person.''.

SEC. 2102. WETLAND CONSERVATION.

    Section 1222(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3822(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``No program'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--No program'';
            (2) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by 
        inserting ``, which, except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), shall be conducted in the presence of the affected 
        person'' before the period at the end; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Exception.--The Secretary may conduct an on-
        site visit under paragraph (1) without the affected 
        person present if the Secretary has made a reasonable 
        effort to include the presence of the affected person 
        at the on-site visit.''.

SEC. 2103. MITIGATION BANKING.

    Section 1222(k)(1)(B) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3822(k)(1)(B)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(B) Authorization of appropriations.--
                There is authorized to be appropriated to the 
                Secretary to carry out this paragraph 
                $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
                through 2023.''.

                Subtitle B--Conservation Reserve Program

SEC. 2201. CONSERVATION RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--Section 1231(a) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(a)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Eligible Land.--Section 1231(b) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``Agricultural 
        Act of 2014 (except for land enrolled in the 
        conservation reserve program as of that date)'' and 
        inserting ``Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, on the 
        condition that the Secretary shall consider to be 
        planted cropland enrolled in the conservation reserve 
        program'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as 
        paragraphs (5) and (6), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
            ``(4) cropland, marginal pasture land, and 
        grasslands that will have a positive impact on water 
        quality and will be devoted to--
                    ``(A) a grass sod waterway;
                    ``(B) a contour grass sod strip;
                    ``(C) a prairie strip;
                    ``(D) a filterstrip;
                    ``(E) a riparian buffer;
                    ``(F) a wetland or a wetland buffer;
                    ``(G) a saturated buffer;
                    ``(H) a bioreactor; or
                    ``(I) another similar water quality 
                practice, as determined by the Secretary;'';
            (4) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``or 
                filterstrips or riparian buffers devoted to 
                trees, shrubs, or grasses'' and inserting 
                ``salt tolerant vegetation, field borders, or 
                practices to benefit State or federally 
                identified wellhead protection areas''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``or'' 
                after the semicolon;
            (5) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated), in 
        subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) as determined by the Secretary, land--
                    ``(A) that was enrolled in the conservation 
                reserve program under a 15-year contract that 
                expired on September 30, 2017, or September 30, 
                2018;
                    ``(B) for which there was no opportunity 
                for additional enrollment in that program; and
                    ``(C) on which the conservation practice 
                under the expired contract under subparagraph 
                (A) is maintained.''.
    (c) Enrollment.--Section 1231(d) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraphs (A) 
        through (E) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) fiscal year 2019, not more than 
                24,000,000 acres;
                    ``(B) fiscal year 2020, not more than 
                24,500,000 acres;
                    ``(C) fiscal year 2021, not more than 
                25,000,000 acres;
                    ``(D) fiscal year 2022, not more than 
                25,500,000 acres; and
                    ``(E) fiscal year 2023, not more than 
                27,000,000 acres.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
                and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Limitation.--For purposes of applying 
                the limitations in paragraph (1)--
                            ``(i) the Secretary shall enroll 
                        and maintain in the conservation 
                        reserve not fewer than 2,000,000 acres 
                        of the land described in subsection 
                        (b)(3) by September 30, 2023; and
                            ``(ii) in carrying out clause (i), 
                        to the maximum extent practicable, the 
                        Secretary shall maintain in the 
                        conservation reserve at any one time 
                        during--
                                    ``(I) fiscal year 2019, 
                                1,000,000 acres;
                                    ``(II) fiscal year 2020, 
                                1,500,000 acres; and
                                    ``(III) fiscal years 2021 
                                through 2023, 2,000,000 acres.
                    ``(B) Priority.--In enrolling acres under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may give 
                priority to land, as determined by the 
                Secretary--
                            ``(i) with expiring conservation 
                        reserve contracts;
                            ``(ii) at risk of conversion or 
                        development; or
                            ``(iii) of ecological significance, 
                        including land that--
                                    ``(I) may assist in the 
                                restoration of threatened or 
                                endangered species under the 
                                Endangered Species Act of 1973 
                                (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.);
                                    ``(II) may assist in 
                                preventing a species from being 
                                listed as a threatened or 
                                endangered species under the 
                                Endangered Species Act of 1973 
                                (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.); or
                                    ``(III) improves or creates 
                                wildlife habitat corridors.'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) by striking ``In enrolling'' 
                        and inserting the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--In enrolling'';
                            (ii) in clause (i) (as so 
                        designated), by striking ``a 
                        continuous'' and inserting ``an 
                        annual''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(ii) Timing of grassland ranking 
                        period.--For purposes of grasslands 
                        described in subsection (b)(3), the 
                        Secretary shall announce at least 1 
                        ranking period subsequent to the 
                        announcement of general enrollment 
                        offers.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Reservation of unenrolled acres.--If 
                the Secretary is unable in a fiscal year to 
                enroll enough acres of land described in 
                subsection (b)(3) to meet the number of acres 
                described in clause (ii) or (iii) of 
                subparagraph (A) for the fiscal year--
                            ``(i) the Secretary shall reserve 
                        the remaining number of acres for that 
                        fiscal year for the enrollment of land 
                        described in subsection (b)(3); and
                            ``(ii) that number of acres shall 
                        not be available for the enrollment of 
                        any other type of eligible land.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Water quality practices to foster clean 
        lakes, estuaries, and rivers (clear initiative).--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall give 
                priority within continuous enrollment under 
                paragraph (6) to the enrollment of land 
                described in subsection (b)(4).
                    ``(B) Sediment and nutrient loadings.--In 
                carrying out subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall give priority to the implementation of 
                practices on land that, if enrolled, will help 
                reduce sediment loadings, nutrient loadings, 
                and harmful algal blooms, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
                    ``(C) Acreage.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Of the acres 
                        maintained in the conservation reserve 
                        in accordance with paragraph (1), to 
                        the maximum extent practicable, not 
                        less than 40 percent of acres enrolled 
                        in the conservation reserve using 
                        continuous enrollment under paragraph 
                        (6) shall be of land described in 
                        subsection (b)(4).
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--The acres 
                        described in clause (i) shall not 
                        include grasslands described in 
                        subsection (b)(3).
                    ``(D) Report.--The Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) in the monthly publication of 
                        the Secretary describing conservation 
                        reserve program statistics, include a 
                        description of enrollments through the 
                        priority under this paragraph; and
                            ``(ii) publish on the website of 
                        the Farm Service Agency an annual 
                        report describing a summary of, with 
                        respect to the enrollment priority 
                        under this paragraph--
                                    ``(I) new enrollments;
                                    ``(II) expirations;
                                    ``(III) geographic 
                                distribution; and
                                    ``(IV) estimated water 
                                quality benefits.
            ``(4) State enrollment rates.--At the beginning of 
        each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to the maximum 
        extent practicable, the Secretary shall allocate to the 
        States proportionately 60 percent of the available 
        number of acres each year for enrollment in the 
        conservation reserve, in accordance with historical 
        State enrollment rates, taking into consideration--
                    ``(A) the average number of acres of all 
                land enrolled in the conservation reserve in 
                each State during each of fiscal years 2007 
                through 2016;
                    ``(B) the average number of acres of all 
                land enrolled in the conservation reserve 
                nationally during each of fiscal years 2007 
                through 2016; and
                    ``(C) the acres available for enrollment 
                during each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, 
                excluding acres described in paragraph (2).
            ``(5) Frequency.--In carrying out this subchapter, 
        for contracts that are not available on a continuous 
        enrollment basis, the Secretary shall hold a signup and 
        enrollment not less often than once each year.
            ``(6) Continuous enrollment procedure.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To the maximum extent 
                practicable, the Secretary shall allow 
                producers to submit applications on a 
                continuous basis for enrollment in--
                            ``(i) the conservation reserve of--
                                    ``(I) marginal pasture land 
                                described in subsection (b)(2);
                                    ``(II) land described in 
                                subsection (b)(4); and
                                    ``(III) cropland described 
                                in subsection (b)(5); and
                            ``(ii) the conservation reserve 
                        enhancement program under section 
                        1231A.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--For purposes of applying 
                the limitations in paragraph (1)--
                            ``(i) the Secretary shall, to the 
                        maximum extent practicable, enroll and 
                        maintain not fewer than 8,600,000 acres 
                        of land under subparagraph (A) by 
                        September 30, 2023; and
                            ``(ii) in carrying out clause (i), 
                        to the maximum extent practicable, the 
                        Secretary shall maintain in the 
                        conservation reserve at any one time 
                        during--
                                    ``(I) fiscal year 2019, 
                                8,000,000 acres;
                                    ``(II) fiscal year 2020, 
                                8,250,000 acres;
                                    ``(III) fiscal year 2021, 
                                8,500,000 acres; and
                                    ``(IV) fiscal years 2022 
                                and 2023, 8,600,000 acres.''.
    (d) Eligibility for Consideration.--Section 1231(h) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(h)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``On the expiration'' and inserting 
        the following:
            ``(1) In general.--On the expiration''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Reenrollment limitation for certain land.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), land subject to a contract 
                entered into under this subchapter shall be 
                eligible for only one reenrollment in the 
                conservation reserve under paragraph (1) if the 
                land is devoted to hardwood trees.
                    ``(B) Exclusions.--Subparagraph (A) shall 
                not apply to--
                            ``(i) riparian forested buffers;
                            ``(ii) forested wetlands enrolled 
                        under subsection (d)(3) or the 
                        conservation reserve enhancement 
                        program under section 1231A; and
                            ``(iii) shelterbelts.''.

SEC. 2202. CONSERVATION RESERVE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of 
title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is amended by 
inserting after section 1231 (16 U.S.C. 3831) the following:

``SEC. 1231A. CONSERVATION RESERVE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) CREP.--The term `CREP' means a conservation 
        reserve enhancement program carried out under 
        subsection (b)(1).
            ``(2) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' 
        means land that is eligible to be included in the 
        program established under this subchapter.
            ``(3) Eligible partner.--The term `eligible 
        partner' means--
                    ``(A) a State;
                    ``(B) a political subdivision of a State;
                    ``(C) an Indian tribe (as defined in 
                section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
                Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304)); or
                    ``(D) a nongovernmental organization.
            ``(4) Management.--The term `management' means an 
        activity conducted by an owner or operator under a 
        contract entered into under this subchapter after the 
        establishment of a conservation practice on eligible 
        land, to regularly maintain or enhance the vegetative 
        cover established by the conservation practice--
                    ``(A) throughout the term of the contract; 
                and
                    ``(B) consistent with the conservation plan 
                that covers the eligible land.
    ``(b) Agreements.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may enter into an 
        agreement with an eligible partner to carry out a 
        conservation reserve enhancement program--
                    ``(A) to assist in enrolling eligible land 
                in the program established under this 
                subchapter; and
                    ``(B) that the Secretary determines will 
                advance the purposes of this subchapter.
            ``(2) Contents.--An agreement entered into under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    ``(A) describe--
                            ``(i) 1 or more specific State or 
                        nationally significant conservation 
                        concerns to be addressed by the 
                        agreement;
                            ``(ii) quantifiable environmental 
                        goals for addressing the concerns under 
                        clause (i);
                            ``(iii) a suitable acreage goal for 
                        enrollment of eligible land under the 
                        agreement, as determined by the 
                        Secretary;
                            ``(iv) the location of eligible 
                        land to be enrolled in the project area 
                        identified under the agreement;
                            ``(v) the payments to be offered by 
                        the Secretary and eligible partner to 
                        an owner or operator; and
                            ``(vi) an appropriate list of 
                        conservation reserve program 
                        conservation practices that are 
                        appropriate to meeting the concerns 
                        described under clause (i), as 
                        determined by the Secretary in 
                        consultation with eligible partners;
                    ``(B) subject to subparagraph (C), require 
                the eligible partner to provide matching 
                funds--
                            ``(i) in an amount determined 
                        during a negotiation between the 
                        Secretary and 1 or more eligible 
                        partners, if the majority of the 
                        matching funds to carry out the 
                        agreement are provided by 1 or more 
                        eligible partners that are not 
                        nongovernmental organizations; or
                            ``(ii) in an amount not less than 
                        30 percent of the cost required to 
                        carry out the conservation measures and 
                        practices described in the agreement, 
                        if a majority of the matching funds to 
                        carry out the agreement are provided by 
                        1 or more nongovernmental 
                        organizations; and
                    ``(C) include procedures to allow for a 
                temporary waiver of the matching requirements 
                under subparagraph (B), or continued enrollment 
                with a temporary suspension of incentives or 
                eligible partner contributions for new 
                agreements, during a period when an eligible 
                partner loses the authority or ability to 
                provide matching contributions, if the 
                Secretary determines that the temporary waiver 
                or continued enrollment with a temporary 
                suspension will advance the purposes of this 
                subchapter.
            ``(3) Effect on existing agreements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), an agreement under this subsection shall 
                not affect, modify, or interfere with existing 
                agreements under this subchapter.
                    ``(B) Modification of existing 
                agreements.--To implement this section, the 
                signatories to an agreement under this 
                subsection may mutually agree to a modification 
                of an agreement entered into before the date of 
                enactment of this section under the 
                Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program 
                established by the Secretary under this 
                subchapter.
    ``(c) Payments.--
            ``(1) Matching requirement.--Funds provided by an 
        eligible partner may be in cash, in-kind contributions, 
        or technical assistance, as determined by the 
        Secretary.
            ``(2) Marginal pastureland cost-share payments.--
        The Secretary shall ensure that cost-share payments to 
        an owner or operator to install stream fencing, 
        crossings, and alternative water development on 
        marginal pastureland under a CREP reflect the fair 
        market value of the cost of installation.
            ``(3) Cost-share and practice incentive payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--On request of an owner 
                or operator, the Secretary shall provide cost-
                share payments when a major component of a 
                conservation practice is completed under a 
                CREP, as determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Exemption.--For purposes of 
                implementing conservation practices on land 
                enrolled under a CREP, the Secretary may waive 
                the contribution limitation described in 
                section 1234(b)(2)(A).
            ``(4) Riparian buffer management payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In the case of an 
                agreement under subsection (b)(1) that includes 
                riparian buffers as an eligible practice, the 
                Secretary shall make cost-share payments to 
                encourage the regular management of the 
                riparian buffer throughout the term of the 
                agreement, consistent with the conservation 
                plan that covers the eligible land.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--The amount of payments 
                received by an owner or operator under 
                subparagraph (A) shall not be greater than 100 
                percent of the normal and customary projected 
                management cost, as determined by the 
                Secretary, in consultation with the applicable 
                State technical committee established under 
                section 1261(a).
    ``(d) Forested Riparian Buffer Practice.--
            ``(1) Food-producing woody plants.--In the case of 
        an agreement under subsection (b)(1) that includes 
        forested riparian buffers as an eligible practice, the 
        Secretary shall allow an owner or operator--
                    ``(A) to plant food-producing woody plants 
                in the forested riparian buffers, on the 
                conditions that--
                            ``(i) the plants shall contribute 
                        to the conservation of soil, water 
                        quality, and wildlife habitat; and
                            ``(ii) the planting shall be 
                        consistent with--
                                    ``(I) recommendations of 
                                the applicable State technical 
                                committee established under 
                                section 1261(a); and
                                    ``(II) technical guide 
                                standards of the applicable 
                                field office of the Natural 
                                Resources Conservation Service; 
                                and
                    ``(B) to harvest from plants described in 
                subparagraph (A), on the conditions that--
                            ``(i) the harvesting shall not 
                        damage the conserving cover or 
                        otherwise have a negative impact on the 
                        conservation concerns targeted by the 
                        CREP;
                            ``(ii) only native plant species 
                        appropriate to the region shall be used 
                        within 35 feet of the watercourse; and
                            ``(iii) the producer shall be 
                        subject to a reduction in the rental 
                        rate commensurate to the value of the 
                        crop harvested.
            ``(2) Technical assistance.--For the purpose of 
        enrolling forested riparian buffers in a CREP, the 
        Administrator of the Farm Service Agency shall 
        coordinate with the applicable State forestry agency.
    ``(e) Drought and Water Conservation Agreements.--In the 
case of an agreement under subsection (b)(1) to address 
regional drought concerns, in accordance with the conservation 
purposes of the CREP, the Secretary, in consultation with the 
applicable State technical committee established under section 
1261(a), may--
            ``(1) notwithstanding subsection (a)(2), enroll 
        other agricultural land on which the resource concerns 
        identified in the agreement can be addressed if the 
        enrollment of the land is critical to the 
        accomplishment of the purposes of the agreement;
            ``(2) permit dryland agricultural uses with the 
        adoption of best management practices on enrolled land 
        if the agreement involves the significant long-term 
        reduction of consumptive water use and dryland 
        production is compatible with the agreement; and
            ``(3) calculate annual rental payments consistent 
        with existing administrative practice for similar 
        drought and water conservation agreements under this 
        subtitle and ensure regional consistency in those 
        rates.
    ``(f) Status Report.--Not later than 180 days after the end 
of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
report that describes, with respect to each agreement entered 
into under subsection (b)(1)--
            ``(1) the status of the agreement;
            ``(2) the purposes and objectives of the agreement;
            ``(3) the Federal and eligible partner commitments 
        made under the agreement; and
            ``(4) the progress made in fulfilling those 
        commitments.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 1240R(c)(3) of the Food Security Act of 
        1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5(c)(3)) is amended by striking 
        ``a special conservation reserve enhancement program 
        described in section 1234(f)(4)'' and inserting ``a 
        conservation reserve enhancement program under section 
        1231A''.
            (2) Section 1244(f)(3) of the Food Security Act of 
        1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(f)(3)) is amended by striking 
        ``subsection (d)(2)(A)(ii) or (g)(2) of section 1234'' 
        and inserting ``section 1231A''.

SEC. 2203. FARMABLE WETLAND PROGRAM.

    Section 1231B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3831b) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(2), by striking 
        ``1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)'' and inserting ``1234(d)''.

SEC. 2204. PILOT PROGRAMS.

    Subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 is amended by inserting after section 
1231B (16 U.S.C. 3831b) the following:

``SEC. 1231C. PILOT PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) CLEAR 30.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Enrollment.--The Secretary shall 
                establish a pilot program to enroll land in the 
                conservation reserve program through a 30-year 
                conservation reserve contract (referred to in 
                this subsection as a `CLEAR 30 contract') in 
                accordance with this subsection.
                    ``(B) Inclusion of acreage limitation.--For 
                purposes of applying the limitations in section 
                1231(d)(1), the Secretary shall include acres 
                of land enrolled under this subsection.
            ``(2) Expired conservation contract election.--
                    ``(A) Definition of covered contract.--In 
                this paragraph, the term `covered contract' 
                means a contract entered into under this 
                subchapter that--
                            ``(i) expires on or after the date 
                        of enactment of the Agriculture 
                        Improvement Act of 2018; and
                            ``(ii) covers land enrolled in the 
                        conservation reserve program under the 
                        clean lakes, estuaries, and rivers 
                        priority described in section 
                        1231(d)(3) (or the predecessor 
                        practices that constitute the priority, 
                        as determined by the Secretary).
                    ``(B) Election.--On the expiration of a 
                covered contract, an owner or operator party to 
                the covered contract shall elect--
                            ``(i) not to reenroll the land 
                        under the contract;
                            ``(ii) to offer to reenroll the 
                        land under the contract if the land 
                        remains eligible under the terms in 
                        effect as of the date of expiration; or
                            ``(iii) not to reenroll the land 
                        under the contract and to enroll that 
                        land through a CLEAR 30 contract under 
                        this subsection.
            ``(3) Eligible land.--Only land that is subject to 
        an expired covered contract shall be eligible for 
        enrollment through a CLEAR 30 contract under this 
        subsection.
            ``(4) Term.--The term of a CLEAR 30 contract shall 
        be 30 years.
            ``(5) Agreements.--To be eligible to enroll land in 
        the conservation reserve program through a CLEAR 30 
        contract, the owner of the land shall enter into an 
        agreement with the Secretary--
                    ``(A) to implement a conservation reserve 
                plan developed for the land;
                    ``(B) to comply with the terms and 
                conditions of the contract and any related 
                agreements; and
                    ``(C) to temporarily suspend the base 
                history for the land covered by the contract.
            ``(6) Terms and conditions of clear 30 contracts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A CLEAR 30 contract 
                shall include terms and conditions that--
                            ``(i) permit--
                                    ``(I) repairs, 
                                improvements, and inspections 
                                on the land that are necessary 
                                to maintain existing public 
                                drainage systems; and
                                    ``(II) owners to control 
                                public access on the land while 
                                identifying access routes to be 
                                used for restoration activities 
                                and management and contract 
                                monitoring;
                            ``(ii) prohibit--
                                    ``(I) the alteration of 
                                wildlife habitat and other 
                                natural features of the land, 
                                unless specifically authorized 
                                by the Secretary as part of the 
                                conservation reserve plan;
                                    ``(II) the spraying of the 
                                land with chemicals or the 
                                mowing of the land, except 
                                where the spraying or mowing is 
                                authorized by the Secretary or 
                                is necessary--
                                            ``(aa) to comply 
                                        with Federal or State 
                                        noxious weed control 
                                        laws;
                                            ``(bb) to comply 
                                        with a Federal or State 
                                        emergency pest 
                                        treatment program; or
                                            ``(cc) to meet 
                                        habitat needs of 
                                        specific wildlife 
                                        species;
                                    ``(III) any activity to be 
                                carried out on the land of the 
                                owner or successor that is 
                                immediately adjacent to, and 
                                functionally related to, the 
                                land that is subject to the 
                                contract if the activity will 
                                alter, degrade, or otherwise 
                                diminish the functional value 
                                of the land; and
                                    ``(IV) the adoption of any 
                                other practice that would tend 
                                to defeat the purposes of the 
                                conservation reserve program, 
                                as determined by the Secretary; 
                                and
                            ``(iii) include any additional 
                        provision that the Secretary determines 
                        is appropriate to carry out this 
                        section or facilitate the practical 
                        administration of this section.
                    ``(B) Violation.--On the violation of a 
                term or condition of a CLEAR 30 contract, the 
                Secretary may require the owner to refund all 
                or part of any payments received by the owner 
                under the conservation reserve program, with 
                interest on the payments, as determined 
                appropriate by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Compatible uses.--Land subject to a 
                CLEAR 30 contract may be used for compatible 
                economic uses, including hunting and fishing, 
                managed timber harvest, or periodic haying or 
                grazing, if the use--
                            ``(i) is specifically permitted by 
                        the conservation reserve plan developed 
                        for the land; and
                            ``(ii) is consistent with the long-
                        term protection and enhancement of the 
                        conservation resources for which the 
                        contract was established.
            ``(7) Compensation.--
                    ``(A) Amount of payments.--The Secretary 
                shall provide payment under this subsection to 
                an owner of land enrolled through a CLEAR 30 
                contract using 30 annual payments in an amount 
                equal to the amount that would be used if the 
                land were to be enrolled in the conservation 
                reserve program under section 1231(d)(3).
                    ``(B) Form of payment.--Compensation for a 
                CLEAR 30 contract shall be provided by the 
                Secretary in the form of a cash payment in an 
                amount determined under subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Timing.--The Secretary shall provide 
                any annual payment obligation under 
                subparagraph (A) as early as practicable in 
                each fiscal year.
                    ``(D) Payments to others.--The Secretary 
                shall make a payment, in accordance with 
                regulations prescribed by the Secretary, in a 
                manner as the Secretary determines is fair and 
                reasonable under the circumstances, if an owner 
                who is entitled to a payment under this 
                section--
                            ``(i) dies;
                            ``(ii) becomes incompetent;
                            ``(iii) is succeeded by another 
                        person or entity who renders or 
                        completes the required performance; or
                            ``(iv) is otherwise unable to 
                        receive the payment.
            ``(8) Technical assistance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                assist owners in complying with the terms and 
                conditions of a CLEAR 30 contract.
                    ``(B) Contracts or agreements.--The 
                Secretary may enter into 1 or more contracts 
                with private entities or agreements with a 
                State, nongovernmental organization, or Indian 
                Tribe to carry out necessary maintenance of a 
                CLEAR 30 contract if the Secretary determines 
                that the contract or agreement will advance the 
                purposes of the conservation reserve program.
            ``(9) Administration.--
                    ``(A) Conservation reserve plan.--The 
                Secretary shall develop a conservation reserve 
                plan for any land subject to a CLEAR 30 
                contract, which shall include practices and 
                activities necessary to maintain, protect, and 
                enhance the conservation value of the enrolled 
                land.
                    ``(B) Delegation of contract 
                administration.--
                            ``(i) Federal, state, or local 
                        government agencies.--The Secretary may 
                        delegate any of the management, 
                        monitoring, and enforcement 
                        responsibilities of the Secretary under 
                        this subsection to other Federal, 
                        State, or local government agencies 
                        that have the appropriate authority, 
                        expertise, and resources necessary to 
                        carry out those delegated 
                        responsibilities.
                            ``(ii) Conservation 
                        organizations.--The Secretary may 
                        delegate any management 
                        responsibilities of the Secretary under 
                        this subsection to conservation 
                        organizations if the Secretary 
                        determines the conservation 
                        organization has similar expertise and 
                        resources.
    ``(b) Soil Health and Income Protection Pilot Program.--
            ``(1) Definition of eligible land.--In this 
        subsection:
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' 
                means cropland that--
                            ``(i) is selected by the owner or 
                        operator of the land for proposed 
                        enrollment in the pilot program under 
                        this subsection; and
                            ``(ii) as determined by the 
                        Secretary--
                                    ``(I) is located within 1 
                                or more States that are part of 
                                the prairie pothole region, as 
                                selected by the Secretary based 
                                on consultation with State 
                                Committees of the Farm Service 
                                Agency and State technical 
                                committees established under 
                                section 1261(a) from that 
                                region;
                                    ``(II) had a cropping 
                                history or was considered to be 
                                planted during each of the 3 
                                crop years preceding 
                                enrollment; and
                                    ``(III) is verified to be 
                                less-productive land, as 
                                compared to other land on the 
                                applicable farm.
                    ``(B) Exclusion.--The term `eligible land' 
                does not include any land that was enrolled in 
                a conservation reserve program contract in any 
                of the 3 crop years preceding enrollment in the 
                pilot program under this subsection.
            ``(2) Establishment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                establish a voluntary soil health and income 
                protection pilot program under which eligible 
                land is enrolled through the use of contracts 
                to assist owners and operators of eligible land 
                to conserve and improve the soil, water, and 
                wildlife resources of the eligible land.
                    ``(B) Deadline for participation.--Eligible 
                land may be enrolled in the program under this 
                section through December 31, 2020.
            ``(3) Contracts.--
                    ``(A) Requirements.--A contract described 
                in paragraph (2) shall--
                            ``(i) be entered into by the 
                        Secretary, the owner of the eligible 
                        land, and (if applicable) the operator 
                        of the eligible land; and
                            ``(ii) provide that, during the 
                        term of the contract--
                                    ``(I) the lowest 
                                practicable cost perennial 
                                conserving use cover crop for 
                                the eligible land, as 
                                determined by the applicable 
                                State conservationist after 
                                considering the advice of the 
                                applicable State technical 
                                committee, shall be planted on 
                                the eligible land;
                                    ``(II) except as provided 
                                in subparagraph (E), the owner 
                                or operator of the eligible 
                                land shall pay the cost of 
                                planting the conserving use 
                                cover crop under subclause (I);
                                    ``(III) subject to 
                                subparagraph (F), the eligible 
                                land may be harvested for seed, 
                                hayed, or grazed outside the 
                                primary nesting season 
                                established for the applicable 
                                county;
                                    ``(IV) the eligible land 
                                may be eligible for a walk-in 
                                access program of the 
                                applicable State, if any; and
                                    ``(V) a nonprofit wildlife 
                                organization may provide to the 
                                owner or operator of the 
                                eligible land a payment in 
                                exchange for an agreement by 
                                the owner or operator not to 
                                harvest the conserving use 
                                cover.
                    ``(B) Payments.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (E) and (F)(ii)(II), the annual 
                rental rate for a payment under a contract 
                described in paragraph (2) shall be equal to 50 
                percent of the average rental rate for the 
                applicable county under section 1234(d), as 
                determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Limitation on enrolled land.--Not 
                more than 15 percent of the eligible land on a 
                farm may be enrolled in the pilot program under 
                this subsection.
                    ``(D) Term.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as 
                        provided in clause (ii), each contract 
                        described in paragraph (2) shall be for 
                        a term of 3, 4, or 5 years, as 
                        determined by the parties to the 
                        contract.
                            ``(ii) Early termination.--
                                    ``(I) Secretary.--The 
                                Secretary may terminate a 
                                contract described in paragraph 
                                (2) before the end of the term 
                                described in clause (i) if the 
                                Secretary determines that the 
                                early termination of the 
                                contract is necessary.
                                    ``(II) Owners and 
                                operators.--An owner and (if 
                                applicable) an operator of 
                                eligible land enrolled in the 
                                pilot program under this 
                                subsection may terminate a 
                                contract described in paragraph 
                                (2) before the end of the term 
                                described in clause (i) if the 
                                owner and (if applicable) the 
                                operator pay to the Secretary 
                                an amount equal to the amount 
                                of rental payments received 
                                under the contract.
                    ``(E) Beginning, limited resource, socially 
                disadvantaged, or veteran farmers and 
                ranchers.--With respect to a beginning, limited 
                resource, socially disadvantaged, or veteran 
                farmer or rancher, as determined by the 
                Secretary--
                            ``(i) a contract described in 
                        paragraph (2) shall provide that, 
                        during the term of the contract, of the 
                        actual cost of establishment of the 
                        conserving use cover crop under 
                        subparagraph (A)(ii)(I)--
                                    ``(I) using the funds of 
                                the Commodity Credit 
                                Corporation, the Secretary 
                                shall pay 50 percent; and
                                    ``(II) the beginning, 
                                limited resource, socially 
                                disadvantaged, or veteran 
                                farmer or rancher shall pay 50 
                                percent; and
                            ``(ii) the annual rental rate for a 
                        payment under a contract described in 
                        paragraph (2) shall be equal to 75 
                        percent of the average rental rate for 
                        the applicable county under section 
                        1234(d), as determined by the 
                        Secretary.
                    ``(F) Harvesting, haying, and grazing 
                outside applicable period.--The harvesting for 
                seed, haying, or grazing of eligible land under 
                subparagraph (A)(ii)(III) outside of the 
                primary nesting season established for the 
                applicable county shall be subject to the 
                conditions that--
                            ``(i) with respect to eligible land 
                        that is so hayed or grazed, adequate 
                        stubble height shall be maintained to 
                        protect the soil on the eligible land, 
                        as determined by the applicable State 
                        conservationist after considering the 
                        advice of the applicable State 
                        technical committee; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to eligible 
                        land that is so harvested for seed--
                                    ``(I) the eligible land 
                                shall not be eligible to be 
                                insured or reinsured under the 
                                Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
                                U.S.C. 1501 et seq.); and
                                    ``(II) the rental payment 
                                otherwise applicable to the 
                                eligible land under this 
                                subsection shall be reduced by 
                                25 percent.
            ``(4) Acreage limitation.--Of the number of acres 
        available for enrollment in the conservation reserve 
        under section 1231(d)(1), not more than 50,000 total 
        acres of eligible land may be enrolled under the pilot 
        program under this subsection.
            ``(5) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate an annual report 
        describing the eligible land enrolled in the pilot 
        program under this subsection, including--
                    ``(A) the estimated conservation value of 
                the land; and
                    ``(B) estimated savings from reduced 
                commodity payments, crop insurance indemnities, 
                and crop insurance premium subsidies.''.

SEC. 2205. DUTIES OF OWNERS AND OPERATORS.

    Section 1232(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3832(a)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (10) and (11) as 
        paragraphs (11) and (12), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
            ``(10) on land devoted to hardwood or other trees, 
        excluding windbreaks and shelterbelts, to carry out 
        proper thinning and other practices--
                    ``(A) to enhance the conservation benefits 
                and wildlife habitat resources addressed by the 
                conservation practice under which the land is 
                enrolled; and
                    ``(B) to promote forest management;''.

SEC. 2206. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    (a) Cost-Share and Rental Payments.--Section 1233(a) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including 
        the cost of fencing and other water distribution 
        practices, if applicable'' after ``interest''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``in an amount necessary to 
                compensate'' and inserting ``, in accordance 
                with section 1234(d),'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, marginal 
                        pastureland,'' after ``cropland''; and
                            (ii) by adding ``or'' at the end;
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (B); and
                    (D) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (B).
    (b) Specified Activities Permitted.--Section 1233 of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833) is amended by 
striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Specified Activities Permitted.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in coordination 
        with the applicable State technical committee 
        established under section 1261(a), shall permit certain 
        activities or commercial uses of established cover on 
        land that is subject to a contract under the 
        conservation reserve program if--
                    ``(A) those activities or uses--
                            ``(i) are consistent with the 
                        conservation of soil, water quality, 
                        and wildlife habitat;
                            ``(ii) are subject to appropriate 
                        restrictions during the primary nesting 
                        season for birds in the local area that 
                        are economically significant, in 
                        significant decline, or conserved in 
                        accordance with Federal or State law;
                            ``(iii) contribute to the health 
                        and vigor of the established cover; and
                            ``(iv) are consistent with a site-
                        specific plan, including vegetative 
                        management requirements, stocking 
                        rates, and frequency and duration of 
                        activity, taking into consideration 
                        regional differences, such as climate, 
                        soil type, and natural resources; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary, in coordination with 
                the State technical committee, includes 
                contract modifications--
                            ``(i) without any reduction in the 
                        rental rate for--
                                    ``(I) emergency haying, 
                                emergency grazing, or other 
                                emergency use of the forage in 
                                response to a localized or 
                                regional drought, flooding, 
                                wildfire, or other emergency, 
                                on all practices, outside the 
                                primary nesting season, when--
                                            ``(aa) the county 
                                        is designated as D2 
                                        (severe drought) or 
                                        greater according to 
                                        the United States 
                                        Drought Monitor;
                                            ``(bb) there is at 
                                        least a 40 percent loss 
                                        in forage production in 
                                        the county; or
                                            ``(cc) the 
                                        Secretary, in 
                                        coordination with the 
                                        State technical 
                                        committee, determines 
                                        that the program can 
                                        assist in the response 
                                        to a natural disaster 
                                        event without permanent 
                                        damage to the 
                                        established cover;
                                    ``(II) emergency grazing on 
                                all practices during the 
                                primary nesting season if 
                                payments are authorized for a 
                                county under the livestock 
                                forage disaster program under 
                                clause (ii) of section 
                                1501(c)(3)(D) of the 
                                Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
                                U.S.C. 9081(c)(3)(D)), at 50 
                                percent of the normal carrying 
                                capacity determined under 
                                clause (i) of that section, 
                                adjusted to the site-specific 
                                plan;
                                    ``(III) emergency haying on 
                                certain practices, outside the 
                                primary nesting season, if 
                                payments are authorized for a 
                                county under the livestock 
                                forage disaster program under 
                                clause (ii) of section 
                                1501(c)(3)(D) of the 
                                Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
                                U.S.C. 9081(c)(3)(D)), on not 
                                more than 50 percent of 
                                contract acres, as identified 
                                in the site-specific plan;
                                    ``(IV) grazing of all 
                                practices, outside the primary 
                                nesting season, if included as 
                                a mid-contract management 
                                practice under section 
                                1232(a)(5);
                                    ``(V) the intermittent and 
                                seasonal use of vegetative 
                                buffer established under 
                                paragraphs (4) and (5) of 
                                section 1231(b) that are 
                                incidental to agricultural 
                                production on land adjacent to 
                                the buffer such that the 
                                permitted use--
                                            ``(aa) does not 
                                        destroy the permanent 
                                        vegetative cover; and
                                            ``(bb) retains 
                                        suitable vegetative 
                                        structure for wildlife 
                                        cover and shelter 
                                        outside the primary 
                                        nesting season; or
                                    ``(VI) grazing on all 
                                practices, outside the primary 
                                nesting season, if conducted by 
                                a beginning farmer or rancher; 
                                or
                            ``(ii) with a 25 percent reduction 
                        in the annual rental rate for the acres 
                        covered by the authorized activity, 
                        including--
                                    ``(I) grazing not more 
                                frequently than every other 
                                year on the same land, except 
                                that during the primary nesting 
                                season, grazing shall be 
                                subject to a 50 percent 
                                reduction in the stocking rate 
                                specified in the site-specific 
                                plan;
                                    ``(II) grazing of all 
                                practices during the primary 
                                nesting season, with a 50 
                                percent reduction in the 
                                stocking rate specified in the 
                                site-specific plan;
                                    ``(III) haying and other 
                                commercial use (including the 
                                managed harvesting of biomass 
                                and excluding the harvesting of 
                                vegetative cover), on the 
                                condition that the activity--
                                            ``(aa) is completed 
                                        outside the primary 
                                        nesting season;
                                            ``(bb) occurs not 
                                        more than once every 3 
                                        years; and
                                            ``(cc) maintains 25 
                                        percent of the total 
                                        contract acres 
                                        unharvested, in 
                                        accordance with a site-
                                        specific plan that 
                                        provides for wildlife 
                                        cover and shelter;
                                    ``(IV) annual grazing 
                                outside the primary nesting 
                                season if consistent with a 
                                site-specific plan that is 
                                authorized for the control of 
                                invasive species; and
                                    ``(V) the installation of 
                                wind turbines and associated 
                                access, except that in 
                                permitting the installation of 
                                wind turbines, the Secretary 
                                shall determine the number and 
                                location of wind turbines that 
                                may be installed, taking into 
                                account--
                                            ``(aa) the 
                                        location, size, and 
                                        other physical 
                                        characteristics of the 
                                        land;
                                            ``(bb) the extent 
                                        to which the land 
                                        contains threatened or 
                                        endangered wildlife and 
                                        wildlife habitat; and
                                            ``(cc) the purposes 
                                        of the conservation 
                                        reserve program under 
                                        this subchapter.
            ``(2) Conditions on haying and grazing.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may permit 
                haying or grazing in accordance with paragraph 
                (1) on any land or practice subject to a 
                contract under the conservation reserve 
                program.
                    ``(B) Exceptions.--
                            ``(i) Damage to vegetative cover.--
                        Haying or grazing described in 
                        paragraph (1) shall not be permitted on 
                        land subject to a contract under the 
                        conservation reserve program, or under 
                        a particular practice, if haying or 
                        grazing for that year under that 
                        practice, as applicable, would cause 
                        long-term damage to vegetative cover on 
                        that land.
                            ``(ii) Special agreements.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Except 
                                as provided in subclause (II), 
                                haying or grazing described in 
                                paragraph (1) shall not be 
                                permitted on--
                                            ``(aa) land covered 
                                        by a contract enrolled 
                                        under the State acres 
                                        for wildlife 
                                        enhancement program 
                                        established by the 
                                        Secretary; or
                                            ``(bb) land covered 
                                        by a contract enrolled 
                                        under a conservation 
                                        reserve enhancement 
                                        program established 
                                        under section 1231A or 
                                        the Conservation 
                                        Reserve Enhancement 
                                        Program established by 
                                        the Secretary under 
                                        this subchapter.
                                    ``(II) Exception.--
                                Subclause (I) shall not apply 
                                to land on which haying or 
                                grazing is specifically 
                                permitted under the applicable 
                                conservation reserve 
                                enhancement program agreement 
                                or other partnership agreement 
                                entered into under this 
                                subchapter.''.
    (c) Natural Disaster or Adverse Weather as Mid-contract 
Management.--Section 1233 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3833) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Natural Disaster or Adverse Weather as Mid-contract 
Management.--In the case of a natural disaster or adverse 
weather event that has the effect of a management practice 
consistent with the conservation plan, the Secretary shall not 
require further management practices pursuant to section 
1232(a)(5) that are intended to achieve the same effect.''.

SEC. 2207. PAYMENTS.

    (a) Cost Sharing Payments.--Section 1234(b) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (2) through (4) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Limitations.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that 
                cost sharing payments to an owner or operator 
                under this subchapter, when combined with the 
                sum of payments from all other funding sources 
                for measures and practices described in 
                paragraph (1), do not exceed 100 percent of the 
                total actual cost of establishing those 
                measures and practices, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
                    ``(B) Mid-contract management grazing.--The 
                Secretary may not make any cost sharing payment 
                to an owner or operator under this subchapter 
                pursuant to section 1232(a)(5).
                    ``(C) Seed cost.--In the case of seed costs 
                related to the establishment of cover, cost 
                sharing payments under this subchapter shall 
                not exceed 50 percent of the actual cost of the 
                seed mixture, as determined by the 
                Secretary.'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph 
        (3);
            (3) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated), by 
        striking ``An owner'' and inserting ``Except in the 
        case of incentive payments that are related to the cost 
        of the establishment of a practice and received from 
        eligible partners under the conservation reserve 
        enhancement program under section 1231A, an owner''; 
        and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Practice incentives for continuous 
        practices.--In addition to the cost sharing payment 
        described in this subsection, the Secretary shall make 
        an incentive payment to an owner or operator of land 
        enrolled under section 1231(d)(6) in an amount not to 
        exceed 50 percent of the actual cost of establishing 
        all measures and practices described in paragraph (1), 
        including seed costs related to the establishment of 
        cover, as determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Incentive Payments.--Section 1234(c) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(c)) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking 
        ``Incentive'' and inserting ``Forest Management 
        Incentive'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The Secretary'' 
        and inserting ``Using funds made available under 
        section 1241(a)(1)(A), the Secretary''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``150 percent'' 
        and inserting ``100 percent''.
    (c) Annual Rental Payments.--Section 1234(d) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``the Secretary may 
                consider, among other things, the amount'' and 
                inserting the following: ``the Secretary shall 
                consider--
                    ``(A) the amount'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated), 
                by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) the impact on the local farmland 
                rental market; and
                    ``(C) such other factors as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``; 
                        or'' and inserting a period;
                            (ii) by striking clause (ii); and
                            (iii) by striking ``determined 
                        through--'' in the matter preceding 
                        clause (i) and all that follows through 
                        ``the submission of bids'' in clause 
                        (i) and inserting ``determined through 
                        the submission of applications'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C);
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                    ``(B) Multiple enrollments.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to 
                        clause (ii), if land subject to a 
                        contract entered into under this 
                        subchapter is reenrolled under section 
                        1231(h)(1) or has been previously 
                        enrolled in the conservation reserve, 
                        the annual rental payment shall be in 
                        an amount that is not more than 85 
                        percent in the case of general 
                        enrollment contacts, or 90 percent in 
                        the case of continuous enrollment 
                        contracts, of the applicable estimated 
                        average county rental rate published 
                        pursuant to paragraph (4) for the year 
                        in which the reenrollment occurs.
                            ``(ii) Conservation reserve 
                        enhancement program.--The reduction in 
                        annual rental payments under clause (i) 
                        may be waived as part of the 
                        negotiation between the Secretary and 
                        an eligible partner to enter into a 
                        conservation reserve enhancement 
                        program agreement under section 
                        1231A.'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (C) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``In the case'' and 
                inserting ``Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), 
                in the case''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Continuous sign-up incentives.--The 
                Secretary shall make an incentive payment to 
                the owner or operator of land enrolled under 
                section 1231(d)(6) at the time of initial 
                enrollment in an amount equal to 32.5 percent 
                of the amount of the first annual rental 
                payment under subparagraph (A).'';
            (3) by striking paragraph (4);
            (4) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph 
        (4); and
            (5) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``, not less 
                        frequently than once every other 
                        year,'' and inserting ``annually''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``, and shall 
                        publish the estimates derived from the 
                        survey not later than September 15 of 
                        each year'' before the period at the 
                        end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``and 
                the average current and previous soil rental 
                rates for each county'' after ``subparagraph 
                (A)'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``may 
                use'' and inserting ``shall consider''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Submission of additional information 
                by state fsa offices and crep partners.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        shall provide an opportunity for State 
                        Committees of the Farm Service Agency 
                        or eligible partners (as defined in 
                        section 1231A(a)) in conservation 
                        reserve enhancement programs under 
                        section 1231A to propose an alternative 
                        soil rental rate prior to finalizing 
                        new rates, on the condition that 
                        documentation described in clause (ii) 
                        is provided to support the proposed 
                        alternative.
                            ``(ii) Acceptable documentation.--
                        Documentation referred to in clause (i) 
                        includes--
                                    ``(I) an average of cash 
                                rents from a random sample of 
                                lease agreements;
                                    ``(II) cash rent estimates 
                                from a published survey;
                                    ``(III) neighboring county 
                                estimate comparisons from the 
                                National Agricultural 
                                Statistics Service;
                                    ``(IV) an average of cash 
                                rents from Farm Service Agency 
                                farm business plans;
                                    ``(V) models that estimate 
                                cash rents, such as models that 
                                use returns to estimate crop 
                                production or land value data; 
                                or
                                    ``(VI) other documentation, 
                                as determined by the Secretary.
                            ``(iii) Notification.--Not less 
                        than 14 days prior to the announcement 
                        of new or revised soil rental rates, 
                        the Secretary shall offer a briefing to 
                        the Chairman and Ranking Member of the 
                        Committee on Agriculture of the House 
                        of Representatives and the Chairman and 
                        Ranking Member of the Committee on 
                        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
                        the Senate, including information on 
                        and the rationale for the alternative 
                        rates proposed under clause (i) that 
                        were accepted or rejected.
                    ``(E) Rental rate limitation.--
                Notwithstanding forest management incentive 
                payments described in subsection (c), the 
                county average soil rental rate (before any 
                adjustments relating to specific practices, 
                wellhead protection, or soil productivity) 
                shall not exceed--
                            ``(i) 85 percent of the estimated 
                        rental rate determined under this 
                        paragraph for general enrollment; or
                            ``(ii) 90 percent of the estimated 
                        rental rate determined under this 
                        paragraph for continuous enrollment.''.
    (d) Payment Limitation for Rental Payments.--Section 
1234(g) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(g)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The total'' and 
        inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        total''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(2) Wellhead protection.--Paragraph (1) and 
        section 1001D(b) shall not apply to rental payments 
        received by a rural water district or association for 
        land that is enrolled under this subchapter for the 
        purpose of protecting a wellhead.''.

SEC. 2208. CONTRACTS.

    (a) Transition Option for Certain Farmers or Ranchers.--
Section 1235(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3835(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``retired farmer or rancher'' 
                and inserting ``contract holder'';
                    (B) by striking ``retired or retiring owner 
                or operator'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``contract holder'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (A), in the matter 
                preceding clause (i), by striking ``1 year'' 
                and inserting ``2 years'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, 
                including a lease with a term of less than 5 
                years and an option to purchase'' after 
                ``option to purchase'';
                    (E) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``; 
                and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                    (F) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as 
                subparagraph (F); and
                    (G) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                following:
                    ``(E) give priority to the enrollment of 
                the land covered by the contract in--
                            ``(i) the environmental quality 
                        incentives program established under 
                        subchapter A of chapter 4;
                            ``(ii) the conservation stewardship 
                        program established under subchapter B 
                        of chapter 4; or
                            ``(iii) the agricultural 
                        conservation easement program 
                        established under subtitle H; and''; 
                        and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                inserting ``To the extent that the maximum 
                number of acres permitted to be enrolled under 
                the conservation reserve program has not been 
                met, the Secretary''; and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(A)(i) is carried out on land described 
                in paragraph (4) or (5) of section 1231(b); and
                    ``(ii) is eligible for continuous 
                enrollment under section 1231(d)(6); and''.
    (b) End of Contract Considerations.--Section 1235(g) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(g)) is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(g) End of Contract Considerations.--The Secretary shall 
not consider an owner or operator to be in violation of a term 
or condition of the conservation reserve contract if--
            ``(1) during the year prior to expiration of the 
        contract, the owner or operator--
                    ``(A)(i) enters into a contract under the 
                environmental quality incentives program 
                established under subchapter A of chapter 4; 
                and
                    ``(ii) begins the establishment of a 
                practice under that contract; or
                    ``(B)(i) enters into a contract under the 
                conservation stewardship program established 
                under subchapter B of chapter 4; and
                    ``(ii) begins the establishment of a 
                practice under that contract; or
            ``(2) during the 3 years prior to the expiration of 
        the contract, the owner or operator begins the 
        certification process under the Organic Foods 
        Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.).''.

SEC. 2209. ELIGIBLE LAND; STATE LAW REQUIREMENTS.

    The Secretary shall revise paragraph (4) of section 
1410.6(d) of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations, to provide 
that land enrolled under a Conservation Reserve Enhancement 
Program agreement initially established before January 1, 2014 
(including an amended or successor Conservation Reserve 
Enhancement Program agreement, as determined by the Secretary), 
shall not be ineligible for enrollment in the conservation 
reserve program established under subchapter B of chapter 1 of 
subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) under that paragraph if the Deputy 
Administrator (as defined in section 1410.2(b) of title 7, Code 
of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations)), on 
recommendation from and in consultation with the applicable 
State technical committee established under section 1261(a) of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3861(a)) determines, 
under such terms and conditions as the Deputy Administrator, in 
consultation with the State technical committee, determines to 
be appropriate, that making that land eligible for enrollment 
in that program is not contrary to the purposes of that 
program.

 Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program and Conservation 
                          Stewardship Program

SEC. 2301. REPEAL OF CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking the chapter designation and heading 
        and inserting the following:

``CHAPTER 4--ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM AND CONSERVATION 
                          STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM

    ``Subchapter A--Environmental Quality Incentives Program''; and

            (2) by inserting after section 1240H the following:

          ``Subchapter B--Conservation Stewardship Program''.

    (b) Conservation Stewardship Program.--Subchapter B of 
chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating sections 1238D through 1238G 
        as sections 1240I through 1240L, respectively; and
            (2) by moving sections 1240I through 1240L (as so 
        redesignated) so as to appear after the subchapter 
        heading for subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle D of 
        title XII of that Act (as added by subsection (a)(2)).
    (c) Repeal.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 2 of subtitle D of title 
        XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838 et 
        seq.) (as amended by subsection (b)) is repealed.
            (2) Termination of conservation stewardship 
        program.--Effective on the date of enactment of this 
        Act, the conservation stewardship program under 
        subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of 
        the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) 
        (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment 
        of this Act) shall cease to be effective.
            (3) Transitional provisions.--
                    (A) Effect on existing contracts and 
                agreements.--The cessation of effectiveness 
                under paragraph (2) shall not affect--
                            (i) the validity or terms of any 
                        contract entered into by the Secretary 
                        under subchapter B of chapter 2 of 
                        subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
                        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d 
                        et seq.) before the date of enactment 
                        of this Act, or any payments, 
                        modifications, or technical assistance 
                        required to be made in connection with 
                        the contract; or
                            (ii) subject to subparagraph (D), 
                        any agreement entered into by the 
                        Secretary under the regional 
                        conservation partnership program under 
                        subtitle I of title XII of the Food 
                        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871 et 
                        seq.) on or before September 30, 2018, 
                        under which conservation stewardship 
                        program acres and associated funding 
                        have been allocated to the agreement 
                        for the purpose of entering into a 
                        contract under subchapter B of chapter 
                        2 of subtitle D of title XII of that 
                        Act (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in 
                        effect on the day before the date of 
                        enactment of this Act).
                    (B) Extension permitted.--Notwithstanding 
                paragraph (2), the Secretary may extend for 1 
                year a contract described in subparagraph 
                (A)(i) if that contract expires on or before 
                December 31, 2019, under the terms and payment 
                rate of the existing contract and in accordance 
                with subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D of 
                title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
                U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in effect on the day 
                before the date of enactment of this Act).
                    (C) Renewal not permitted.--
                            (i) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                        subparagraph (A), and subject to clause 
                        (ii), the Secretary may not renew a 
                        contract or agreement described in that 
                        subparagraph.
                            (ii) Exception.--The Secretary may 
                        renew a contract described in 
                        subparagraph (A)(i)--
                                    (I) if that contract 
                                expires on or after December 
                                31, 2019;
                                    (II) under the terms of the 
                                conservation stewardship 
                                program under subchapter B of 
                                chapter 4 of subtitle D of 
                                title XII of the Food Security 
                                Act of 1985 (as added by 
                                subsections (a)(2) and (b)); 
                                and
                                    (III) subject to the 
                                limitation on funding for that 
                                subchapter under section 1241 
                                of the Food Security Act of 
                                1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841).
                    (D) RCPP contracts.--
                            (i) Treatment of acreage.--In the 
                        case of an agreement described in 
                        subparagraph (A)(ii), the Secretary may 
                        provide an amount of funding that is 
                        equivalent to the value of any acres 
                        covered by the agreement.
                            (ii) Funds and acres not 
                        obligated.--In the case of an agreement 
                        described in subparagraph (A)(ii) to 
                        which program acres and associated 
                        funding have been allocated but not yet 
                        obligated to enter into a contract 
                        under subchapter B of chapter 2 of 
                        subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
                        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d 
                        et seq.) (as in effect on the day 
                        before the date of enactment of this 
                        Act)--
                                    (I) the Secretary shall 
                                modify the agreement to 
                                authorize the entrance into a 
                                contract under subchapter B of 
                                chapter 4 of subtitle D of 
                                title XII of the Food Security 
                                Act of 1985 (as added by 
                                subsections (a)(2) and (b)); 
                                and
                                    (II) the funds associated 
                                with the conservation 
                                stewardship program acres 
                                allocated under that agreement, 
                                on modification under subclause 
                                (I), may be used to enter into 
                                conservation stewardship 
                                program contracts with 
                                producers under subchapter B of 
                                chapter 4 of subtitle D of 
                                title XII of the Food Security 
                                Act of 1985 (as added by 
                                subsections (a)(2) and (b)).
            (4) Contract administration.--Subject to paragraphs 
        (3)(C) and (3)(D)(ii)(II), the Secretary shall 
        administer each contract and agreement described in 
        clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (3)(A) until the 
        expiration of the contract or agreement in accordance 
        with the regulations to carry out the conservation 
        stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 2 of 
        subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
        1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in effect on the day 
        before the date of enactment of this Act) that are in 
        effect on the day before that date of enactment.
            (5) Funding.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and 
        (2), any funds made available from the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation under section 1241(a)(4) of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(a)(4)) for fiscal 
        years 2014 through 2018 shall be available to carry 
        out--
                    (A) any contract or agreement described in 
                paragraph (3)(A)(i) for fiscal year 2019;
                    (B) any contract or agreement described in 
                paragraph (3)(A)(ii);
                    (C) any contract extended under paragraph 
                (3)(B); and
                    (D) any contract or agreement under 
                subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle D of 
                title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (as 
                added by subsections (a)(2) and (b)).
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Food security act of 1985.--
                    (A) Section 1211(a)(3)(A) of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811(a)(3)(A)) 
                is amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' 
                before ``chapter 4''.
                    (B) Section 1221(b)(3)(A) of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3821(b)(3)(A)) 
                is amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' 
                before ``chapter 4''.
                    (C) Section 1240J(b)(1) of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by 
                subsection (b)(1)) is amended by striking 
                subparagraph (C).
                    (D) Section 1240 of the Food Security Act 
                of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa) is amended in the 
                matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking 
                ``chapter'' and inserting ``subchapter''.
                    (E) Section 1240A of the Food Security Act 
                of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-1) is amended by 
                striking ``chapter'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``subchapter''.
                    (F) Section 1240B(i)(2)(B) of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-
                2(i)(2)(B)) is amended by striking ``chapter'' 
                and inserting ``subchapter''.
                    (G) Section 1240C(b) of the Food Security 
                Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-3(b)) is amended 
                in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
                striking ``chapter'' and inserting 
                ``subchapter''.
                    (H) Section 1240E(b)(2) of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-5(b)(2)) 
                is amended by striking ``chapter'' and 
                inserting ``subchapter''.
                    (I) Section 1240G of the Food Security Act 
                of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-7) is amended by 
                striking ``chapter'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``subchapter''.
                    (J) Section 1240H of the Food Security Act 
                of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8) is amended by 
                striking ``chapter'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``subchapter''.
                    (K) Section 1244(c)(3) of the Food Security 
                Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(c)(3)) is amended 
                by inserting ``subchapter A of'' before 
                ``chapter 4''.
                    (L) Section 1244(l) of the Food Security 
                Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(l)) is amended--
                            (i) by striking ``chapter 2'' and 
                        inserting ``chapter 4''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``subchapter A 
                        of'' after ``incentives program 
                        under''.
            (2) Other laws.--
                    (A) Section 344(f)(8) of the Agricultural 
                Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1344(f)(8)) is 
                amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' before 
                ``chapter 4''.
                    (B) Section 377 of the Agricultural 
                Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1377) is 
                amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' before 
                ``chapter 4''.
                    (C) Paragraph (1) of the last proviso of 
                the matter under the heading ``conservation 
                reserve program'' under the heading ``Soil Bank 
                Programs'' of title I of the Department of 
                Agriculture and Farm Credit Administration 
                Appropriation Act, 1959 (7 U.S.C. 1831a), is 
                amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' before 
                ``chapter 4''.
                    (D) Section 8(b)(1) of the Soil 
                Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 
                U.S.C. 590h(b)(1)) is amended by inserting 
                ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
                    (E) Section 1271(c)(3)(C) of the Food, 
                Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
                1990 (16 U.S.C. 2106a(c)(3)(C)) is amended by 
                inserting ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 
                4''.
                    (F) Section 304(a)(1) of the Lake Champlain 
                Special Designation Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 1270 
                note; Public Law 101-596) is amended by 
                inserting ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 
                4''.
                    (G) Section 202(c) of the Colorado River 
                Basin Salinity Control Act (43 U.S.C. 1592(c)) 
                is amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' 
                before ``chapter 4''.

SEC. 2302. PURPOSES OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM.

    Section 1240 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa) is amended by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the 
following:
            ``(4) assisting producers to make beneficial, cost-
        effective changes to production systems, including 
        addressing identified, new, or expected resource 
        concerns related to organic production, grazing 
        management, fuels management, forest management, 
        nutrient management associated with crops and 
        livestock, pest management, irrigation management, 
        adapting to, and mitigating against, increasing weather 
        volatility, drought resiliency measures, or other 
        practices on agricultural and forested land.''.

SEC. 2303. DEFINITIONS UNDER ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM.

    Section 1240A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-1) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4) 
        and (5) as paragraphs (2), (4), (5), (6), and (8), 
        respectively;
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) Conservation planning assessment.--The term 
        `conservation planning assessment' means a report, as 
        determined by the Secretary, that--
                    ``(A) is developed by--
                            ``(i) a State or unit of local 
                        government (including a conservation 
                        district);
                            ``(ii) a Federal agency; or
                            ``(iii) a third-party provider 
                        certified under section 1242(e) 
                        (including a certified rangeland 
                        professional);
                    ``(B) assesses rangeland or cropland 
                function and describes conservation activities 
                to enhance the economic and ecological 
                management of that land; and
                    ``(C) can be incorporated into a 
                comprehensive planning document required by the 
                Secretary for enrollment in a conservation 
                program of the Department of Agriculture.'';
            (3) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), in 
        subparagraph (B)(vi)--
                    (A) by inserting ``environmentally 
                sensitive areas,'' after ``marshes,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``identified or expected'' 
                before ``resource concerns'';
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
            ``(3) Incentive practice.--The term `incentive 
        practice' means a practice or set of practices approved 
        by the Secretary that, when implemented and maintained 
        on eligible land, address 1 or more priority resource 
        concerns.'';
            (5) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in clause (iv), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) by redesignating clause (v) as 
                        clause (vii); and
                            (iii) by inserting after clause 
                        (iv) the following:
                            ``(v) soil testing;
                            ``(vi) soil remediation to be 
                        carried out by the producer; and''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) by redesignating clause (ii) 
                        as clause (vi); and
                            (iii) by inserting after clause (i) 
                        the following:
                            ``(ii) planning for resource-
                        conserving crop rotations (as defined 
                        in section 1240L(d)(1));
                            ``(iii) soil health planning, 
                        including increasing soil organic 
                        matter and the use of cover crops;
                            ``(iv) a conservation planning 
                        assessment;
                            ``(v) precision conservation 
                        management planning; and'';
            (6) by inserting after paragraph (6) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
            ``(7) Priority resource concern.--The term 
        `priority resource concern' means a natural resource 
        concern or problem, as determined by the Secretary, 
        that--
                    ``(A) is identified at the national, State, 
                or local level as a priority for a particular 
                area of a State; and
                    ``(B) represents a significant concern in a 
                State or region.''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(9) Soil remediation.--The term `soil 
        remediation' means scientifically based practices 
        that--
                    ``(A) ensure the safety of producers from 
                contaminants in soil;
                    ``(B) limit contaminants in soil from 
                entering agricultural products for human or 
                animal consumption; and
                    ``(C) regenerate and sustain the soil.
            ``(10) Soil testing.--The term `soil testing' means 
        the evaluation of soil health, including testing for--
                    ``(A) the optimal level of constituents in 
                the soil, such as organic matter, nutrients, 
                and the potential presence of soil 
                contaminants, including heavy metals, volatile 
                organic compounds, polycyclic aromatic 
                hydrocarbons, or other contaminants; and
                    ``(B) the biological and physical 
                characteristics indicative of proper soil 
                functioning.''.

SEC. 2304. ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 
                    INCENTIVES PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--Section 1240B(a) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(a)) is amended by striking 
``2019'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Payments.--Section 1240B(d) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                    (A) in clause (i)--
                            (i) by striking ``Not more than'' 
                        and inserting ``On an election by a 
                        producer described in subparagraph (A), 
                        the Secretary shall provide at least'';
                            (ii) by striking ``may be 
                        provided''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``the purpose 
                        of'' and inserting ``all costs related 
                        to''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) Notification and 
                        documentation.--The Secretary shall--
                                    ``(I) notify each producer 
                                described in subparagraph (A), 
                                at the time of enrollment in 
                                the program, of the option to 
                                receive advance payments under 
                                clause (i); and
                                    ``(II) document the 
                                election of each producer 
                                described in subparagraph (A) 
                                to receive advance payments 
                                under clause (i) with respect 
                                to each practice that has costs 
                                described in that clause.''; 
                                and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Increased payments for high-priority 
        practices.--
                    ``(A) State determination.--Each State, in 
                consultation with the State technical committee 
                established under section 1261(a) for the 
                State, may designate not more than 10 practices 
                to be eligible for increased payments under 
                subparagraph (B), on the condition that the 
                practice, as determined by the Secretary--
                            ``(i) addresses specific causes of 
                        impairment relating to excessive 
                        nutrients in groundwater or surface 
                        water;
                            ``(ii) addresses the conservation 
                        of water to advance drought mitigation 
                        and declining aquifers;
                            ``(iii) meets other environmental 
                        priorities and other priority resource 
                        concerns identified in habitat or other 
                        area restoration plans; or
                            ``(iv) is geographically targeted 
                        to address a natural resource concern 
                        in a specific watershed.
                    ``(B) Increased payments.--Notwithstanding 
                paragraph (2), in the case of a practice 
                designated under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary may increase the amount that would 
                otherwise be provided for a practice under this 
                subsection to not more than 90 percent of the 
                costs associated with planning, design, 
                materials, equipment, installation, labor, 
                management, maintenance, or training.''.
    (c) Allocation of Funding.--Section 1240B(f) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
                inserting ``2019 through 2023'';
                    (B) by striking ``60'' and inserting 
                ``50''; and
                    (C) by striking ``production.'' and 
                inserting ``production, including grazing 
                management practices.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``For each'' and inserting 
                the following:
                    ``(A) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--For 
                each''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Fiscal years 2019 through 2023.--For 
                each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, at 
                least 10 percent of the funds made available 
                for payments under the program shall be 
                targeted at practices benefitting wildlife 
                habitat under subsection (g).''.
    (d) Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program.--Section 1240B(g) 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(g)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Maximum term.--In the case of a contract 
        under the program entered into solely for the 
        establishment of 1 or more annual management practices 
        for the benefit of wildlife as described in paragraph 
        (1), notwithstanding any maximum contract term 
        established by the Secretary, the contract shall have a 
        term that does not exceed 10 years.
            ``(4) Included practices.--For the purpose of 
        providing seasonal wetland habitat for waterfowl and 
        migratory birds, a practice that is eligible for 
        payment under paragraph (1) and targeted for funding 
        under subsection (f) may include--
                    ``(A) a practice to carry out postharvest 
                flooding; or
                    ``(B) a practice to maintain the hydrology 
                of temporary and seasonal wetlands of not more 
                than 2 acres to maintain waterfowl and 
                migratory bird habitat on working cropland.''.
    (e) Water Conservation or Irrigation Efficiency Practice.--
Section 1240B(h) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-2(h)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary may 
        provide water conservation and system efficiency 
        payments under this subsection to an entity described 
        in paragraph (2) or a producer for--
                    ``(A) water conservation scheduling, water 
                distribution efficiency, soil moisture 
                monitoring, or an appropriate combination 
                thereof;
                    ``(B) irrigation-related structural or 
                other measures that conserve surface water or 
                groundwater, including managed aquifer recovery 
                practices; or
                    ``(C) a transition to water-conserving 
                crops, water-conserving crop rotations, or 
                deficit irrigation.'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
        (3);
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Eligibility of certain entities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding section 
                1001(f)(6), the Secretary may enter into a 
                contract under this subsection with a State, 
                irrigation district, groundwater management 
                district, acequia, land-grant mercedes, or 
                similar entity under a streamlined contracting 
                process to implement water conservation or 
                irrigation practices under a watershed-wide 
                project that will effectively conserve water, 
                provide fish and wildlife habitat, or provide 
                for drought-related environmental mitigation, 
                as determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Implementation.--Water conservation 
                or irrigation practices that are the subject of 
                a contract entered into under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be implemented on--
                            ``(i) eligible land of a producer; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) land that is--
                                    ``(I) under the control of 
                                an irrigation district, 
                                groundwater management 
                                district, acequia, land-grant 
                                mercedes, or similar entity; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) adjacent to eligible 
                                land described in clause (i), 
                                as determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Waiver authority.--The Secretary may 
                waive the applicability of the limitations in 
                section 1001D(b) or section 1240G for a payment 
                made under a contract entered into under this 
                paragraph if the Secretary determines that the 
                waiver is necessary to fulfill the objectives 
                of the project.
                    ``(D) Contract limitations.--If the 
                Secretary grants a waiver under subparagraph 
                (C), the Secretary may impose a separate 
                payment limitation for the contract with 
                respect to which the waiver applies.'';
            (4) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``to a producer'' and 
                inserting ``under this subsection'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the 
                eligible land of the producer is located, there 
                is a reduction in water use in the operation of 
                the producer'' and inserting ``the land on 
                which the practices will be implemented is 
                located, there is a reduction in water use in 
                the operation on that land''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting 
                ``except in the case of an application under 
                paragraph (2),'' before ``the producer 
                agrees''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Effect.--Nothing in this subsection 
        authorizes the Secretary to modify the process for 
        determining the annual allocation of funding to States 
        under the program.''.
    (f) Payments for Conservation Practices Related to Organic 
Production.--Section 1240B(i)(3) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(i)(3)) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``Payments'' 
        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Payments'';
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``In 
        applying these limitations'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(B) Technical assistance.--In applying 
                the limitations under subparagraph (A)''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated)--
                    (A) by striking ``aggregate, $20,000 per 
                year or $80,000 during any 6-year period.'' and 
                inserting the following: ``aggregate--
                            ``(i) through fiscal year 2018--
                                    ``(I) $20,000 per year; or
                                    ``(II) $80,000 during any 
                                6-year period; and''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ii) during the period of fiscal 
                        years 2019 through 2023, $140,000.''.
    (g) Conservation Incentive Contracts.--Section 1240B of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(j) Conservation Incentive Contracts.--
            ``(1) Identification of eligible priority resource 
        concerns for states.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary, in 
                consultation with the applicable State 
                technical committee established under section 
                1261(a), shall identify watersheds (or other 
                appropriate regions or areas within a State) 
                and the corresponding priority resource 
                concerns for those watersheds or other regions 
                or areas that are eligible to be the subject of 
                an incentive contract under this subsection.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--For each of the relevant 
                land uses within the watersheds, regions, or 
                other areas identified under subparagraph (A), 
                the Secretary shall identify not more than 3 
                eligible priority resource concerns.
            ``(2) Contracts.--
                    ``(A) Authority.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        shall enter into contracts with 
                        producers under this subsection that 
                        require the implementation, adoption, 
                        management, and maintenance of 
                        incentive practices that effectively 
                        address at least 1 eligible priority 
                        resource concern identified under 
                        paragraph (1) for the term of the 
                        contract.
                            ``(ii) Inclusions.--Through a 
                        contract entered into under clause (i), 
                        the Secretary may provide--
                                    ``(I) funding, through 
                                annual payments, for certain 
                                incentive practices to attain 
                                increased levels of 
                                conservation on eligible land; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) assistance, through 
                                a practice payment, to 
                                implement an incentive 
                                practice.
                    ``(B) Term.--A contract under this 
                subsection shall have a term of not less than 
                5, and not more than 10, years.
                    ``(C) Prioritization.--Notwithstanding 
                section 1240C, the Secretary shall develop 
                criteria for evaluating incentive practice 
                applications that--
                            ``(i) give priority to applications 
                        that address eligible priority resource 
                        concerns identified under paragraph 
                        (1); and
                            ``(ii) evaluate applications 
                        relative to other applications for 
                        similar agriculture and forest 
                        operations.
            ``(3) Incentive practice payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                provide payments to producers through contracts 
                entered into under paragraph (2) for--
                            ``(i) adopting and installing 
                        incentive practices; and
                            ``(ii) managing, maintaining, and 
                        improving the incentive practices for 
                        the duration of the contract, as 
                        determined appropriate by the 
                        Secretary.
                    ``(B) Payment amounts.--In determining the 
                amount of payments under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary shall consider, to the extent 
                practicable--
                            ``(i) the level and extent of the 
                        incentive practice to be installed, 
                        adopted, completed, maintained, 
                        managed, or improved;
                            ``(ii) the cost of the 
                        installation, adoption, completion, 
                        management, maintenance, or improvement 
                        of the incentive practice;
                            ``(iii) income foregone by the 
                        producer, including payments, as 
                        appropriate, to address--
                                    ``(I) increased economic 
                                risk;
                                    ``(II) loss in revenue due 
                                to anticipated reductions in 
                                yield; and
                                    ``(III) economic losses 
                                during transition to a 
                                resource-conserving cropping 
                                system or resource-conserving 
                                land use; and
                            ``(iv) the extent to which 
                        compensation would ensure long-term 
                        continued maintenance, management, and 
                        improvement of the incentive practice.
                    ``(C) Delivery of payments.--In making 
                payments under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall, to the extent practicable--
                            ``(i) in the case of annual 
                        payments under paragraph (2)(A)(ii)(I), 
                        make those payments as soon as 
                        practicable after October 1 of each 
                        fiscal year for which increased levels 
                        of conservation are maintained during 
                        the term of the contract; and
                            ``(ii) in the case of practice 
                        payments under paragraph 
                        (2)(A)(ii)(II), make those payments as 
                        soon as practicable on the 
                        implementation of an incentive 
                        practice.''.

SEC. 2305. ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM PLAN.

    Section 1240E(a)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839aa-5(a)(3)) is amended by inserting ``progressive'' 
before ``implementation''.

SEC. 2306. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS UNDER ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 
                    INCENTIVES PROGRAM.

    Section 1240G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-7) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``A person'' and inserting ``Not 
        including payments made under section 1240B(j), a 
        person''; and
            (2) by inserting ``or the period of fiscal years 
        2019 through 2023,'' after ``2018,''.

SEC. 2307. CONSERVATION INNOVATION GRANTS AND PAYMENTS.

    (a) Competitive Grants for Innovative Conservation 
Approaches.--Section 1240H(a)(2) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8(a)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``program;'' 
        and inserting ``program or community colleges (as 
        defined in section 1473E(a) of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319e(a))) carrying out 
        demonstration projects on land of the community 
        college;'';
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
        subparagraphs (G) and (H), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
        following:
                    ``(E) partner with farmers to develop 
                innovative practices for urban, indoor, or 
                other emerging agricultural operations;
                    ``(F) utilize edge-of-field and other 
                monitoring practices on farms--
                            ``(i) to quantify the impacts of 
                        practices implemented under the 
                        program; and
                            ``(ii) to assist producers in 
                        making the best conservation 
                        investments for the operations of the 
                        producers;''.
    (b) Air Quality Concerns From Agricultural Operations.--
Section 1240H(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-8(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``$25,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2009 through 2018'' and inserting ``$37,500,000 
for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.
    (c) On-Farm Conservation Innovation Trials; Reporting and 
Database.--Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839aa-8) is amended by striking subsection (c) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(c) On-Farm Conservation Innovation Trials.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible 
                entity' means, as determined by the Secretary--
                            ``(i) a third-party private entity 
                        the primary business of which is 
                        related to agriculture;
                            ``(ii) a nongovernmental 
                        organization with experience working 
                        with agricultural producers; or
                            ``(iii) a governmental 
                        organization.
                    ``(B) New or innovative conservation 
                approach.--The term `new or innovative 
                conservation approach' means--
                            ``(i) new or innovative--
                                    ``(I) precision agriculture 
                                technologies;
                                    ``(II) enhanced nutrient 
                                management plans, nutrient 
                                recovery systems, and 
                                fertilization systems;
                                    ``(III) soil health 
                                management systems, including 
                                systems to increase soil carbon 
                                levels;
                                    ``(IV) water management 
                                systems;
                                    ``(V) resource-conserving 
                                crop rotations (as defined in 
                                section 1240L(d)(1));
                                    ``(VI) cover crops; and
                                    ``(VII) irrigation systems; 
                                and
                            ``(ii) any other conservation 
                        approach approved by the Secretary as 
                        new or innovative.
            ``(2) Testing new or innovative conservation 
        approaches.--Using $25,000,000 of the funds made 
        available to carry out this subchapter for each of 
        fiscal years 2019 through 2023, the Secretary shall 
        carry out on-farm conservation innovation trials, on 
        eligible land of producers, to test new or innovative 
        conservation approaches--
                    ``(A) directly with producers; or
                    ``(B) through eligible entities.
            ``(3) Incentive payments.--
                    ``(A) Agreements.--In carrying out 
                paragraph (2), the Secretary shall enter into 
                agreements with producers (either directly or 
                through eligible entities) on whose land an on-
                farm conservation innovation trial is being 
                carried out to provide payments (including 
                payments to compensate for foregone income, as 
                appropriate to address the increased economic 
                risk potentially associated with new or 
                innovative conservation approaches) to the 
                producers to assist with adopting and 
                evaluating new or innovative conservation 
                approaches to achieve conservation benefits.
                    ``(B) Adjusted gross income requirements.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Adjusted gross 
                        income requirements under section 
                        1001D(b)(1) shall--
                                    ``(I) apply to producers 
                                receiving payments under this 
                                subsection; and
                                    ``(II) be enforced by the 
                                Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Reporting.--An eligible 
                        entity participating in an on-farm 
                        conservation innovation trial under 
                        this subsection shall report annually 
                        to the Secretary on the amount of 
                        payments made to individual farm 
                        operations under this subsection.
                    ``(C) Limitation on administrative 
                expenses.--None of the funds made available to 
                carry out this subsection may be used to pay 
                for the administrative expenses of an eligible 
                entity.
                    ``(D) Length of agreements.--An agreement 
                entered into under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                for a period determined by the Secretary that 
                is--
                            ``(i) not less than 3 years; and
                            ``(ii) if appropriate, more than 3 
                        years, including if such a period is 
                        appropriate to support--
                                    ``(I) adaptive management 
                                over multiple crop years; and
                                    ``(II) adequate data 
                                collection and analysis by a 
                                producer or eligible entity to 
                                report the natural resource and 
                                agricultural production 
                                benefits of the new or 
                                innovative conservation 
                                approaches to the Secretary.
            ``(4) Flexible adoption.--The scale of adoption of 
        a new or innovative conservation approach under an on-
        farm conservation innovation trial under an agreement 
        under paragraph (2) may include multiple scales on an 
        operation, including whole farm, field-level, or sub-
        field scales.
            ``(5) Technical assistance.--The Secretary shall 
        provide technical assistance--
                    ``(A) to each producer or eligible entity 
                participating in an on-farm conservation 
                innovation trial under paragraph (2) with 
                respect to the design, installation, and 
                management of the new or innovative 
                conservation approaches; and
                    ``(B) to each eligible entity participating 
                in an on-farm conservation innovation trial 
                under paragraph (2) with respect to data 
                analyses of the on-farm conservation innovation 
                trial.
            ``(6) Geographic scope.--The Secretary shall 
        identify a diversity of geographic regions of the 
        United States in which to establish on-farm 
        conservation innovation trials under paragraph (2), 
        taking into account factors such as soil type, cropping 
        history, and water availability.
            ``(7) Soil health demonstration trial.--Using funds 
        made available to carry out this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall carry out a soil health demonstration 
        trial under which the Secretary coordinates with 
        eligible entities--
                    ``(A) to provide incentives to producers to 
                implement conservation practices that--
                            ``(i) improve soil health;
                            ``(ii) increase carbon levels in 
                        the soil; or
                            ``(iii) meet the goals described in 
                        clauses (i) and (ii);
                    ``(B) to establish protocols for measuring 
                carbon levels in the soil and testing carbon 
                levels on land where conservation practices 
                described in subparagraph (A) were applied to 
                evaluate gains in soil health as a result of 
                the practices implemented by the producers in 
                the soil health demonstration trial; and
                    ``(C)(i) not later than September 30, 2020, 
                to initiate a study regarding changes in soil 
                health and, if feasible, economic outcomes, 
                generated as a result of the conservation 
                practices described in subparagraph (A) that 
                were applied by producers through the soil 
                health demonstration trial; and
                    ``(ii) to submit to the Committee on 
                Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                Forestry of the Senate annual reports on the 
                progress and results of the study under clause 
                (i).
    ``(d) Reporting and Database.--
            ``(1) Report required.--Not later than September 
        30, 2019, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
        report on the status of activities funded under this 
        section, including--
                    ``(A) funding awarded;
                    ``(B) results of the activities, including, 
                if feasible, economic outcomes;
                    ``(C) incorporation of findings from the 
                activities, such as new technology and 
                innovative approaches, into the conservation 
                efforts implemented by the Secretary; and
                    ``(D) on completion of the study required 
                under subsection (c)(7)(C), the findings of the 
                study.
            ``(2) Conservation practice database.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall use 
                the data reported under paragraph (1) to 
                establish and maintain a publicly available 
                conservation practice database that provides--
                            ``(i) a compilation and analysis of 
                        effective conservation practices for 
                        soil health, nutrient management, and 
                        source water protection in varying soil 
                        compositions, cropping systems, slopes, 
                        and landscapes; and
                            ``(ii) a list of recommended new 
                        and effective conservation practices.
                    ``(B) Privacy.--Information provided under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be transformed into a 
                statistical or aggregate form so as to not 
                include any identifiable or personal 
                information of individual producers.''.

SEC. 2308. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 1240I of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) in clause (ii), by striking the period 
                at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) development of a 
                        comprehensive conservation plan, as 
                        defined in section 1240L(e)(1);
                            ``(iv) soil health planning, 
                        including planning to increase soil 
                        organic matter; and
                            ``(v) activities that will assist a 
                        producer to adapt to, or mitigate 
                        against, increasing weather 
                        volatility.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (7), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting the following: ``through the use of--
                    ``(A) quality criteria under a resource 
                management system;
                    ``(B) predictive analytics tools or models 
                developed or approved by the Natural Resources 
                Conservation Service;
                    ``(C) data from past and current enrollment 
                in the program; and
                    ``(D) other methods that measure 
                conservation and improvement in priority 
                resource concerns, as determined by the 
                Secretary.''.
    (b) Conservation Stewardship Program.--
            (1) Establishment.--Subsection (a) of section 1240J 
        of the Food Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by 
        section 2301(b)) is amended in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
        inserting ``2019 through 2023''.
            (2) Exclusions.--Subsection (b)(2) of section 1240J 
        of the Food Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by 
        section 2301(b)) is amended in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1) by striking ``the Agricultural Act of 
        2014'' and inserting the ``Agriculture Improvement Act 
        of 2018''.
    (c) Stewardship Contracts.--Section 1240K of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (1) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Ranking of applications.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In evaluating contract 
                offers submitted under subsection (a) and 
                contract renewals under subsection (e), the 
                Secretary shall rank applications based on--
                            ``(i) the natural resource 
                        conservation and environmental benefits 
                        that result from the conservation 
                        treatment on all applicable priority 
                        resource concerns at the time of 
                        submission of the application;
                            ``(ii) the degree to which the 
                        proposed conservation activities 
                        increase natural resource conservation 
                        and environmental benefits; and
                            ``(iii) other consistent criteria, 
                        as determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Additional criterion.--If 2 or more 
                applications receive the same ranking under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall rank 
                those contracts based on the extent to which 
                the actual and anticipated conservation 
                benefits from each contract are provided at the 
                lowest cost relative to other similarly 
                beneficial contract offers.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``the program under 
                subsection (a)'' and inserting ``a contract or 
                contract renewal under this section'';
                    (B) by inserting ``or contract renewal'' 
                before ``offer ranks'';
                    (C) by inserting ``or contract renewal'' 
                after ``stewardship contract''; and
                    (D) by adding ``or contract renewal'' 
                before the period at the end;
            (3) in subsection (d)(2)(A), by striking 
        ``1238G(d)'' and inserting ``1240L(c)''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by striking ``At the end'' and all that follows 
                through ``period'' the second place it appears 
                and inserting the following: ``The Secretary 
                may provide the producer an opportunity to 
                renew an existing contract in the first half of 
                the fifth year of the contract period'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``initial'' and inserting ``existing'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by inserting ``new or 
                        improved'' after ``integrate''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``demonstrating 
                        continued improvement during the 
                        additional 5-year period,'' after 
                        ``operation,''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``to 
                exceed the stewardship threshold of'' and 
                inserting ``to adopt or improve conservation 
                activities, as determined by the Secretary, to 
                achieve higher levels of performance with 
                respect to not less than''.
    (d) Duties of Secretary.--Section 1240L of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``acres'' and inserting 
        ``funding'';
            (2) by striking subsection (c);
            (3) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as 
        subsections (c) and (d), respectively;
            (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated), by 
        adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Payment for cover crop activities.--The 
        amount of a payment under this subsection for cover 
        crop activities shall be not less than 125 percent of 
        the annual payment amount determined by the Secretary 
        under paragraph (2).'';
            (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``and Advanced Grazing Management'' after 
                ``Rotations'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (4) 
                as paragraphs (2) and (1), respectively, and 
                moving the paragraphs so as to appear in 
                numerical order;
                    (D) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) by redesignating subparagraphs 
                        (A) through (D) and (E) as clauses (i) 
                        through (iv) and (vi), respectively, 
                        and indenting appropriately;
                            (ii) by striking the paragraph 
                        designation and all that follows 
                        through ``the term'' in the matter 
                        preceding clause (i) (as so 
                        redesignated) and inserting the 
                        following:
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Advanced grazing management.--The 
                term `advanced grazing management' means the 
                use of a combination of grazing practices (as 
                determined by the Secretary), which may include 
                management-intensive rotational grazing, that 
                provide for--
                            ``(i) improved soil health and 
                        carbon sequestration;
                            ``(ii) drought resilience;
                            ``(iii) wildlife habitat;
                            ``(iv) wildfire mitigation;
                            ``(v) control of invasive plants; 
                        and
                            ``(vi) water quality improvement.
                    ``(B) Management-intensive rotational 
                grazing.--The term `management-intensive 
                rotational grazing' means a strategic, 
                adaptively managed multipasture grazing system 
                in which animals are regularly and 
                systematically moved to fresh pasture in a 
                manner that--
                            ``(i) maximizes the quantity and 
                        quality of forage growth;
                            ``(ii) improves manure distribution 
                        and nutrient cycling;
                            ``(iii) increases carbon 
                        sequestration from greater forage 
                        harvest;
                            ``(iv) improves the quality and 
                        quantity of cover for wildlife;
                            ``(v) provides permanent cover to 
                        protect the soil from erosion; and
                            ``(vi) improves water quality.
                    ``(C) Resource-conserving crop rotation.--
                The term''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C) (as so 
                        designated)--
                                    (I) in clause (iv) (as so 
                                redesignated), by striking 
                                ``and'' at the end; and
                                    (II) by inserting after 
                                clause (iv) (as so 
                                redesignated) the following:
                            ``(v) builds soil organic matter; 
                        and'';
                    (E) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``improve resource-conserving'' and 
                all that follows through the period at the end 
                and inserting the following: ``improve, manage, 
                and maintain--
                    ``(A) resource-conserving crop rotations; 
                or
                    ``(B) advanced grazing management.'';
                    (F) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)'' 
                        and inserting ``paragraph (2)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and maintain'' 
                        and all that follows through the period 
                        at the end and inserting ``or improve, 
                        manage, and maintain resource-
                        conserving crop rotations or advanced 
                        grazing management for the term of the 
                        contract.''; and
                    (G) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Amount of payment.--An additional payment 
        provided under paragraph (2) shall be not less than 150 
        percent of the annual payment amount determined by the 
        Secretary under subsection (c)(2).'';
            (6) by inserting after subsection (d) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
    ``(e) Payment for Comprehensive Conservation Plan.--
            ``(1) Definition of comprehensive conservation 
        plan.--In this subsection, the term `comprehensive 
        conservation plan' means a conservation plan that meets 
        or exceeds the stewardship threshold for each priority 
        resource concern identified by the Secretary under 
        subsection (a)(2).
            ``(2) Payment for comprehensive conservation 
        plan.--The Secretary shall provide a 1-time payment to 
        a producer that develops a comprehensive conservation 
        plan.
            ``(3) Amount of payment.--The Secretary shall 
        determine the amount of payment under paragraph (2) 
        based on--
                    ``(A) the number of priority resource 
                concerns addressed in the comprehensive 
                conservation plan; and
                    ``(B) the number of types of land uses 
                included in the comprehensive conservation 
                plan.'';
            (7) in subsection (f), by striking ``2014 through 
        2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023'';
            (8) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) by striking the subsection designation 
                and heading and all that follows through ``The 
                Secretary'' and inserting the following:
    ``(h) Organic Certification.--
            ``(1) Coordination.--The Secretary''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Allocation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Using funds made 
                available for the program for each of fiscal 
                years 2019 through 2023, the Secretary shall 
                allocate funding to States to support organic 
                production and transition to organic production 
                through paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Determination.--The Secretary shall 
                determine the allocation to a State under 
                subparagraph (A) based on--
                            ``(i) the number of certified and 
                        transitioning organic operations within 
                        the State; and
                            ``(ii) the number of acres of 
                        certified and transitioning organic 
                        production within the State.''; and
            (9) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(j) Streamlining and Coordination.--To the maximum extent 
feasible, the Secretary shall provide for streamlined and 
coordinated procedures for the program and the environmental 
quality incentives program under subchapter A, including 
applications, contracting, conservation planning, conservation 
practices, and related administrative procedures.
    ``(k) Soil Health.--To the maximum extent feasible, the 
Secretary shall manage the program to enhance soil health.
    ``(l) Annual Report.--Each fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the payment 
rates for conservation activities offered to producers under 
the program and an analysis of whether payment rates can be 
reduced for the most expensive conservation activities.''.

SEC. 2309. GRASSLAND CONSERVATION INITIATIVE.

    Subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (as added by subsections (a)(2) and 
(b) of section 2301) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 1240L-1. GRASSLAND CONSERVATION INITIATIVE.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible land.--Notwithstanding sections 
        1240I(4) and 1240J(b)(2), the term `eligible land' 
        means cropland on a farm for which base acres have been 
        maintained by the Secretary under section 1112(d)(3) of 
        the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9012(d)(3)).
            ``(2) Initiative.--The term `initiative' means the 
        grassland conservation initiative established under 
        subsection (b).
    ``(b) Establishment and Purpose.--The Secretary shall 
establish within the program a grassland conservation 
initiative for the purpose of assisting producers in protecting 
grazing uses, conserving and improving soil, water, and 
wildlife resources, and achieving related conservation values 
by conserving eligible land through grassland conservation 
contracts under subsection (e).
    ``(c) Election.--Beginning in fiscal year 2019, the 
Secretary shall provide a 1-time election to enroll eligible 
land in the initiative under a contract described in subsection 
(e).
    ``(d) Method of Enrollment.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) notwithstanding subsection (b) of section 
        1240K, determine under subsection (c) of that section 
        that eligible land ranks sufficiently high under the 
        evaluation criteria described in subsection (b) of that 
        section; and
            ``(2) enroll the eligible land in the initiative 
        under a contract described in subsection (e).
    ``(e) Grassland Conservation Contract.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 
        1240K(a)(1), to enroll eligible land in the initiative 
        under a grassland conservation contract, a producer 
        shall agree--
                    ``(A) to meet or exceed the stewardship 
                threshold for not less than 1 priority resource 
                concern by the date on which the contract 
                expires; and
                    ``(B) to comply with the terms and 
                conditions of the contract.
            ``(2) Terms.--A grassland conservation contract 
        entered into under this section shall--
                    ``(A)(i) be for a single 5-year term; and
                    ``(ii) not be subject to renewal or 
                reenrollment under section 1240K(e); and
                    ``(B) be subject to section 1240K(d).
            ``(3) Early termination.--The Secretary shall allow 
        a producer that enters into a grassland conservation 
        contract under this section--
                    ``(A) to terminate the contract at any 
                time; and
                    ``(B) to retain payments already received 
                under the contract.
    ``(f) Grassland Conservation Plan.--The grassland 
conservation plan developed for eligible land shall be limited 
to--
            ``(1) eligible land; and
            ``(2) resource concerns and activities relating to 
        grassland.
    ``(g) Payments.--
            ``(1) In general.--Beginning in fiscal year 2019, 
        of the funds made available for this subchapter under 
        section 1241(a)(3)(B), and notwithstanding any payment 
        under title I of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
        2018, an amendment made by that title, or section 
        1240L(c), the Secretary shall make annual grassland 
        conservation contract payments to the producer of any 
        eligible land that is the subject of a grassland 
        conservation contract under this section.
            ``(2) Payment noneligibility.--A grassland 
        conservation contract under this section shall not be--
                    ``(A) eligible for payments under section 
                1240L(d); or
                    ``(B) subject to the payment limitations 
                under this subchapter.
            ``(3) Limitation.--The amount of an annual payment 
        under this subsection shall be $18 per acre, not to 
        exceed the number of base acres on a farm.
    ``(h) Considered Planted.--The Secretary shall consider 
land enrolled under a grassland conservation contract under 
this section during a crop year to be planted or considered 
planted to a covered commodity (as defined in section 1111 of 
the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9011)) during that crop 
year.
    ``(i) Other Contracts.--A producer with an agricultural 
operation that contains land eligible under this section and 
land eligible under section 1240K--
            ``(1) may enroll the land eligible under this 
        section through a contract under this section or under 
        section 1240K; and
            ``(2) shall not be prohibited from enrolling the 
        land eligible under section 1240K through a contract 
        under section 1240K.''.

                Subtitle D--Other Conservation Programs

SEC. 2401. WATERSHED PROTECTION AND FLOOD PREVENTION.

    (a) Assistance to Local Organizations.--Section 3 of the 
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1003) 
is amended--
            (1) by striking the section designation and all 
        that follows through ``In order to assist'' and 
        inserting the following:

``SEC. 3. ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--In order to assist''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the watershed plan 
for works of improvement if the Secretary determines that--
            ``(1) the watershed plan is unnecessary or 
        duplicative; and
            ``(2) the works of improvement are otherwise 
        consistent with applicable requirements under section 
        4.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14(h)(2)(E) 
of the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 
1012(h)(2)(E)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
    (c) Funds of Commodity Credit Corporation.--The Watershed 
Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 15. FUNDING.

    ``In addition to any other funds made available by this 
Act, of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the 
Secretary shall make available to carry out this Act 
$50,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and each fiscal year 
thereafter.''.

SEC. 2402. SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION.

    The Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 
U.S.C. 2001 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 5(e) (16 U.S.C. 2004(e)), by 
        striking ``and December 31, 2015'' and inserting 
        ``December 31, 2015, and December 31, 2022'';
            (2) in section 6(d) (16 U.S.C. 2005(d)), by 
        striking ``, respectively'' and inserting ``, and a 
        program update shall be completed by December 31, 
        2023'';
            (3) in section 7 (16 U.S.C. 2006)--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``and 
                2016'' and inserting ``, 2016, and 2022''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), in the matter 
                preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``and 
                2017'' and inserting ``, 2017, and 2023''; and
            (4) in section 10 (16 U.S.C. 2009), by striking 
        ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 2403. EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Repair or Replacement of Fencing.--
            (1) In general.--Section 401 of the Agricultural 
        Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201) is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``wildfires,'' after 
                ``hurricanes,'';
                    (B) by striking the section designation and 
                all that follows through ``The Secretary of 
                Agriculture'' and inserting the following:

``SEC. 401. EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture (referred 
to in this title as the `Secretary')''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Repair or Replacement of Fencing.--
            ``(1) In general.--With respect to a payment to an 
        agricultural producer under subsection (a) for the 
        repair or replacement of fencing, the Secretary shall 
        give the agricultural producer the option of receiving 
        not more than 25 percent of the payment, determined by 
        the Secretary based on the applicable percentage of the 
        fair market value of the cost of the repair or 
        replacement, before the agricultural producer carries 
        out the repair or replacement.
            ``(2) Return of funds.--If the funds provided under 
        paragraph (1) are not expended by the end of the 60-day 
        period beginning on the date on which the agricultural 
        producer receives those funds, the funds shall be 
        returned within a reasonable timeframe, as determined 
        by the Secretary.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Sections 402, 403, 404, and 405 of the 
                Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 
                2202, 2203, 2204, 2205) are amended by striking 
                ``Secretary of Agriculture'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``Secretary''.
                    (B) Section 407(a) of the Agricultural 
                Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2206(a)) is 
                amended by striking paragraph (4).
    (b) Cost Share Payments.--Title IV of the Agricultural 
Credit Act of 1978 is amended by inserting after section 402 
(16 U.S.C. 2202) the following:

``SEC. 402A. COST-SHARE REQUIREMENT.

    ``(a) Cost-share Rate.--Subject to subsections (b) and (c), 
the maximum cost-share payment under sections 401 and 402 shall 
not exceed 75 percent of the total allowable cost, as 
determined by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Exception.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), a payment 
to a limited resource farmer or rancher, a socially 
disadvantaged farmer or rancher (as defined in subsection (a) 
of section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279), or a beginning farmer or 
rancher under section 401 or 402 shall not exceed 90 percent of 
the total allowable cost, as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(c) Limitation.--The total payment under sections 401 and 
402 for a single event may not exceed 50 percent of the 
agriculture value of the land, as determined by the 
Secretary.''.
    (c) Payment Limitations.--Title IV of the Agricultural 
Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.) is amended by 
inserting after section 402A (as added by subsection (b)) the 
following:

``SEC. 402B. PAYMENT LIMITATION.

    ``The maximum payment made under the emergency conservation 
program to an agricultural producer under sections 401 and 402 
shall not exceed $500,000.''.
    (d) Watershed Protection Program.--Section 403 of the 
Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2203) is amended--
            (1) by striking the section heading and inserting 
        ``emergency watershed program''; and
            (2) in subsection (a), by inserting ``watershed 
        protection'' after ``emergency''.
    (e) Funding and Administration.--Section 404 of the 
Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2204) is amended--
            (1) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``The 
        Corporation'' and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Limitation.--The Commodity Credit Corporation'';
            (2) in the third sentence (as amended by subsection 
        (a)(2)(A)), by striking ``In implementing the 
        provisions of'' and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation.--In 
implementing'';
            (3) by striking the second sentence;
            (4) by striking the section designation and all 
        that follows through ``There are authorized'' in the 
        first sentence and inserting the following:

``SEC. 404. FUNDING AND ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized'';
            (5) in subsection (a) (as so designated), by 
        inserting ``, to remain available until expended'' 
        before the period at the end; and
            (6) by inserting after subsection (a) (as so 
        designated) the following:
    ``(b) Set-aside for Fencing.--Of the amounts made available 
under subsection (a) for a fiscal year, 25 percent shall be set 
aside until April 1 of that fiscal year for the repair or 
replacement of fencing.''.

SEC. 2404. CONSERVATION OF PRIVATE GRAZING LAND.

    Section 1240M of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839bb) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(C) Partnerships.--In carrying out the 
                program under this section, the Secretary shall 
                provide education and outreach activities 
                through partnerships with--
                            ``(i) land-grant colleges and 
                        universities (as defined in section 
                        1404 of the National Agricultural 
                        Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)); 
                        and
                            ``(ii) nongovernmental 
                        organizations.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 2405. GRASSROOTS SOURCE WATER PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1240O(b)(1) 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-2(b)(1)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Section 1240O(b) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-2(b)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Additional funding.--In addition to any other 
        funds made available under this subsection, of the 
        funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the 
        Secretary shall use $5,000,000 beginning in fiscal year 
        2019, to remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 2406. VOLUNTARY PUBLIC ACCESS AND HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    Section 1240R of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839bb-5) is amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (c), by striking 
        ``grants'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``funding'';
            (2) in subsections (b) and (d)(2), by striking ``a 
        grant'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``funding'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(3) (as amended by section 
        2202(b)(1)), by inserting ``or on land covered by a 
        wetland reserve easement under section 1265C'' before 
        ``by providing''; and
            (4) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``2012 and'' and 
                        inserting ``2012,''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``, and 
                        $50,000,000 for the period of fiscal 
                        years 2019 through 2023'' before the 
                        period at the end;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as 
                paragraph (3); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                following:
            ``(2) Enhanced public access to wetland reserve 
        easements.--To the maximum extent practicable, of the 
        funds made available under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall use $3,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
        2019 through 2023 to encourage public access to land 
        covered by wetland reserve easements under section 
        1265C through agreements with States and tribal 
        governments under this section.''.

SEC. 2407. WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary and the Secretary of the 
Interior shall continue to carry out the Working Lands for 
Wildlife model of conservation on working landscapes, as 
implemented on the day before the date of enactment of this 
Act, in accordance with--
            (1) the document entitled ``Partnership Agreement 
        Between the United States Department of Agriculture 
        Natural Resources Conservation Service and the United 
        States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife 
        Service'', numbered A-3A7516-937, and formalized by the 
        Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation Service on 
        September 15, 2016, and by the Director of the United 
        States Fish and Wildlife Service on August 4, 2016, as 
        in effect on September 15, 2016; and
            (2) United States Fish and Wildlife Service 
        Director's Order No. 217, dated August 9, 2016, as in 
        effect on August 9, 2016.
    (b) Expansion of Model.--The Secretary and the Secretary of 
the Interior may expand the conservation model described in 
subsection (a) through a new partnership agreement between the 
Farm Service Agency and the United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service for the purpose of carrying out conservation activities 
for species conservation.
    (c) Extension of Period of Regulatory Predictability.--
            (1) Definition of period of regulatory 
        predictability.--In this subsection, the term ``period 
        of regulatory predictability'' means the period of 
        regulatory predictability under the Endangered Species 
        Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) initially 
        determined in accordance with the document and order 
        described in paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, of 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Extension.--After the period of regulatory 
        predictability, on request of the Secretary, the 
        Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director 
        of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, may 
        provide additional consultation under section 7(a)(2) 
        of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 
        1536(a)(2)), or additional conference under section 
        7(a)(4) of that Act (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(4)), as 
        applicable, with the Chief of the Natural Resources 
        Conservation Service or the Administrator of the Farm 
        Service Agency, as applicable, to extend the period of 
        regulatory predictability.

SEC. 2408. FERAL SWINE ERADICATION AND CONTROL PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a feral 
swine eradication and control pilot program to respond to the 
threat feral swine pose to agriculture, native ecosystems, and 
human and animal health.
    (b) Duties of the Secretary.--In carrying out the pilot 
program, the Secretary shall--
            (1) study and assess the nature and extent of 
        damage to the pilot areas caused by feral swine;
            (2) develop methods to eradicate or control feral 
        swine in the pilot areas;
            (3) develop methods to restore damage caused by 
        feral swine; and
            (4) provide financial assistance to agricultural 
        producers in pilot areas.
    (c) Assistance.--The Secretary may provide financial 
assistance to agricultural producers under the pilot program to 
implement methods to--
            (1) eradicate or control feral swine in the pilot 
        areas; and
            (2) restore damage caused by feral swine.
    (d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
Natural Resources Conservation Service and the Animal and Plant 
Health Inspection Service coordinate for purposes of this 
section through State technical committees established under 
section 1261(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3861(a)).
    (e) Pilot Areas.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
program in areas of States in which feral swine have been 
identified as a threat to agriculture, native ecosystems, or 
human or animal health, as determined by the Secretary.
    (f) Cost Sharing.--
            (1) Federal share.--The Federal share of the costs 
        of activities under the pilot program may not exceed 75 
        percent of the total costs of such activities.
            (2) In-kind contributions.--The non-Federal share 
        of the costs of activities under the pilot program may 
        be provided in the form of in-kind contributions of 
        materials or services.
    (g) Funding.--
            (1) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use 
        to carry out this section $75,000,000 for the period of 
        fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
            (2) Distribution of funds.--Of the funds made 
        available under paragraph (1)--
                    (A) 50 percent shall be allocated to the 
                Natural Resources Conservation Service to carry 
                out the pilot program, including the provision 
                of financial assistance to producers for on-
                farm trapping and technology related to 
                capturing and confining feral swine; and
                    (B) 50 percent shall be allocated to the 
                Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to 
                carry out the pilot program, including the use 
                of established, and testing of innovative, 
                population reduction methods.
            (3) Limitation on administrative expenses.--Not 
        more than 10 percent of funds made available under this 
        section may be used for administrative expenses of the 
        pilot program.

SEC. 2409. REPORT ON SMALL WETLANDS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary, acting through the Chief of 
the Natural Resources Conservation Service, shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
Senate a report describing the number of wetlands with an area 
not more than 1 acre that have been delineated in each of the 
States of North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa 
during fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
    (b) Requirement.--In the report under subsection (a), the 
Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Natural Resources 
Conservation Service, shall list the number of wetlands acres 
in each State described in the report by tenths of an acre, and 
ensure the report is based on the best available science.

SEC. 2410. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO INCREASED WATERSHED-BASED 
                    COLLABORATION.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Federal Government 
should recognize and encourage partnerships at the watershed 
level between nonpoint sources and regulated point sources to 
advance the goals of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act 
(33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) and provide benefits to farmers, 
landowners, and the public.

                 Subtitle E--Funding and Administration

SEC. 2501. COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION.

    (a) Annual Funding.--Section 1241(a) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(a)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``2018 (and fiscal year 2019 in the case of 
        the program specified in paragraph (5))'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``$10,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$12,000,000 
                for the period of fiscal years 2019 through 
                2023''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``$33,000,000 for 
                        the period of fiscal years 2014 through 
                        2018'' and inserting ``$50,000,000 for 
                        the period of fiscal years 2019 through 
                        2023, including not more than 
                        $5,000,000 to provide outreach and 
                        technical assistance,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``retired or 
                        retiring owners and operators'' and 
                        inserting ``contract holders'';
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) $450,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2019 through 2023.'';
            (4) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(3) The programs under chapter 4, using, to the 
        maximum extent practicable--
                    ``(A) for the environmental quality 
                incentives program under subchapter A of that 
                chapter--
                            ``(i) $1,750,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2019;
                            ``(ii) $1,750,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2020;
                            ``(iii) $1,800,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2021;
                            ``(iv) $1,850,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2022; and
                            ``(v) $2,025,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2023; and
                    ``(B) for the conservation stewardship 
                program under subchapter B of that chapter--
                            ``(i) $700,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2019;
                            ``(ii) $725,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2020;
                            ``(iii) $750,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2021;
                            ``(iv) $800,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2022; and
                            ``(v) $1,000,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2023.'';
            (5) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``(as in effect 
        on the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018), using such sums 
        as are necessary to administer contracts entered into 
        before that date of enactment'' before the period at 
        the end; and
            (6) by striking paragraph (5).
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Section 1241(b) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(b)) is amended by striking 
``2018 (and fiscal year 2019 in the case of the program 
specified in subsection (a)(5))'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (c) Report on Program Enrollments and Assistance.--Section 
1241(i) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(i)) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(i) Report on Program Enrollments and Assistance.--Not 
later than December 15 of each of calendar years 2019 through 
2023, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate an annual 
report containing statistics by State related to enrollments in 
conservation programs under this title, as follows:
            ``(1) The annual and current cumulative activity 
        reflecting active agreement and contract enrollment 
        statistics.
            ``(2) Secretarial exceptions, waivers, and 
        significant payments, including--
                    ``(A) payments made under the agricultural 
                conservation easement program for easements 
                valued at $250,000 or greater;
                    ``(B) payments made under the regional 
                conservation partnership program subject to the 
                waiver of adjusted gross income limitations 
                pursuant to section 1271C(c)(3);
                    ``(C) waivers granted by the Secretary 
                under section 1001D(b)(3);
                    ``(D) exceptions and activity associated 
                with section 1240B(h)(2); and
                    ``(E) exceptions provided by the Secretary 
                under section 1265B(b)(2)(B)(ii).''.
    (d) Allocations Review and Update.--Section 1241(g) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(g)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``January'' and all that 
                follows through ``shall'' and inserting ``1 
                year after the date of enactment of the 
                Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
                Secretary, acting through the Chief of the 
                Natural Resources Conservation Service and the 
                Administrator of the Farm Service Agency, 
                shall'';
                    (B) by inserting ``annual'' after 
                ``utilize''; and
                    (C) by inserting ``relevant data on local 
                natural resource concerns, resource 
                inventories, evaluations and reports, 
                recommendations from State technical committees 
                established under section 1261(a),'' after 
                ``accounting for''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``that the formulas'' and 
                inserting the following: ``that--
                    ``(A) the formulas'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated), 
                by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) to the maximum extent practicable, 
                local natural resource concerns are considered 
                a leading factor in determining annual funding 
                allocation to States;
                    ``(C) the process used at the national 
                level to evaluate State budget proposals and to 
                allocate funds is reviewed annually to assess 
                the effect of allocations in addressing 
                identified natural resource priorities and 
                objectives; and
                    ``(D) the allocation of funds to States 
                addresses priority natural resource concerns 
                and objectives.''.
    (e) Assistance to Certain Farmers or Ranchers for 
Conservation Access.--Section 1241(h) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(h)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and 
                (B) as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and 
                indenting appropriately;
                    (B) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as 
                so redesignated), by striking ``Of the funds'' 
                and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Fiscal years 2009 through 2018.--Of 
                the funds''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Fiscal years 2019 through 2023.--Of 
                the funds made available for each of fiscal 
                years 2019 through 2023 to carry out the 
                environmental quality incentives program under 
                subchapter A of chapter 4 of subtitle D and the 
                conservation stewardship program under 
                subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle D, the 
                Secretary shall use, to the maximum extent 
                practicable--
                            ``(i) 5 percent to assist beginning 
                        farmers or ranchers; and
                            ``(ii) 5 percent to assist socially 
                        disadvantaged farmers or ranchers.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and, in the 
        case of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, under the 
        conservation stewardship program under subchapter B of 
        chapter 4 of subtitle D'' before the period at the end;
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``year, acres not 
        obligated under paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``year 
        through fiscal year 2018, acres not obligated under 
        paragraph (1)(A)''; and
            (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``subparagraph 
        (A) or (B) of paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``, as 
        applicable, clause (i) or (ii) of paragraph (1)(A) or 
        clause (i) or (ii) of paragraph (1)(B)''.
    (f) Conservation Standards and Requirements.--Section 1241 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(j) Conservation Standards and Requirements.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to the requirements of 
        this title, the Natural Resources Conservation Service 
        shall serve as the lead agency in developing and 
        establishing technical standards and requirements for 
        conservation programs carried out under this title, 
        including--
                    ``(A) standards for conservation practices 
                under this title;
                    ``(B) technical guidelines for implementing 
                conservation practices under this title, 
                including the location of the conservation 
                practices; and
                    ``(C) standards for conservation plans.
            ``(2) Consistency of farm service agency technical 
        standards and payment rates.--The Administrator of the 
        Farm Service Agency shall ensure that--
                    ``(A) technical standards of programs 
                administered by the Farm Service Agency are 
                consistent with the technical standards 
                established by the Natural Resources 
                Conservation Service under paragraph (1); and
                    ``(B) payment rates, to the extent 
                practicable, are consistent between the Farm 
                Service Agency and the Natural Resources 
                Conservation Service.''.

SEC. 2502. DELIVERY OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 1242(a) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(a)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible participant.--The term `eligible 
        participant' means a producer, landowner, or entity 
        that is participating in, or seeking to participate in, 
        programs in which the producer, landowner, or entity is 
        otherwise eligible to participate under this title or 
        the agricultural management assistance program under 
        section 524(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
        U.S.C. 1524(b)).
            ``(2) Third-party provider.--The term `third-party 
        provider' means a commercial entity (including a farmer 
        cooperative, agriculture retailer, or other commercial 
        entity (as defined by the Secretary)), a nonprofit 
        entity, a State or local government (including a 
        conservation district), or a Federal agency, that has 
        expertise in the technical aspect of conservation 
        planning, including nutrient management planning, 
        watershed planning, or environmental engineering.''.
    (b) Certification Process.--Section 1242(e) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(e)) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
            ``(4) Certification process.--The Secretary shall 
        certify a third-party provider through--
                    ``(A) a certification process administered 
                by the Secretary, acting through the Chief of 
                the Natural Resources Conservation Service; or
                    ``(B) a non-Federal entity approved by the 
                Secretary to perform the certification.
            ``(5) Streamlined certification.--The Secretary 
        shall provide a streamlined certification process for a 
        third-party provider that has an appropriate specialty 
        certification, including a sustainability 
        certification.''.
    (c) Expedited Revision of Standards.--Section 1242(h) of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(h)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(A) not later than 1 year after the date 
                of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act 
                of 2018, complete a review of each conservation 
                practice standard, including engineering design 
                specifications, in effect on the day before the 
                date of enactment of that Act;'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) evaluate opportunities to increase 
                flexibility in conservation practice standards 
                in a manner that ensures equivalent natural 
                resource benefits.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``State 
        technical committees established under section 
        1261(a),'' before ``crop consultants''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(3) Expedited revision of standards.--Not later 
        than 1 year after the date of enactment of the 
        Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary 
        shall develop for the programs under this title an 
        administrative process for--
                    ``(A) expediting the establishment and 
                revision of conservation practice standards;
                    ``(B) considering conservation innovations 
                and scientific and technological advancements 
                with respect to any establishment or revision 
                under subparagraph (A);
                    ``(C) allowing local flexibility in the 
                creation of--
                            ``(i) interim practice standards 
                        and supplements to existing practice 
                        standards to address the considerations 
                        described in subparagraph (B); and
                            ``(ii) partnership-led proposals 
                        for new and innovative techniques to 
                        facilitate implementing agreements and 
                        grants under this title; and
                    ``(D) soliciting regular input from State 
                technical committees established under section 
                1261(a) for recommendations that identify 
                innovations or advancements described in 
                subparagraph (B).
            ``(4) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
        2018, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall 
        submit to Congress a report on--
                    ``(A) the administrative process developed 
                under paragraph (3);
                    ``(B) conservation practice standards that 
                were established or revised under that process; 
                and
                    ``(C) conservation innovations that were 
                considered under that process.''.

SEC. 2503. ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Acreage Limitations.--Section 1244(f) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``10'' and 
        inserting ``15''; and
            (2) in paragraph (5), by striking ``the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014'' and inserting ``the 
        Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018''.
    (b) Requirements for Conservation Programs.--Section 1244 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (m);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (j) through (l) as 
        subsections (k) through (m), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (i) the 
        following:
    ``(j) Review and Guidance for Practice Costs and Payment 
Rates.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
        2018, and not later than October 1 of each year 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) review the estimates for practice 
                costs and rates of payments made to producers 
                for practices on eligible land under this 
                title; and
                    ``(B) evaluate whether those costs and 
                rates reflect a payment that--
                            ``(i) encourages participation in a 
                        conservation program administered by 
                        the Secretary;
                            ``(ii) encourages implementation of 
                        the most effective practices to address 
                        local natural resource concerns on 
                        eligible land; and
                            ``(iii) accounts for regional, 
                        State, and local variability relating 
                        to the complexity, implementation, and 
                        adoption of practices on eligible land.
            ``(2) Guidance; review.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) issue guidance to States to annually 
                review and adjust the estimates for practice 
                costs and rates of payments made to producers 
                to reflect the evaluation factors described in 
                paragraph (1)(B); and
                    ``(B) determine the appropriate practice 
                costs and rates of payments for each State by--
                            ``(i) annually reviewing each 
                        conservation program payment schedule 
                        and payment rate used in the State; and
                            ``(ii) consulting with the State 
                        technical committee established under 
                        section 1261(a) in that State.''.
    (c) Funding for Indian Tribes.--Section 1244(m) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall'';
            (2) by striking ``that the goals'' and inserting 
        the following: ``that--
            ``(1) the goals'';
            (3) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by 
        striking ``arrangements, and that statutory'' and 
        inserting the following: ``arrangements;
            ``(2) a sufficient number of eligible participants 
        will be aggregated under the alternative funding 
        arrangement to accomplish the underlying purposes and 
        objectives of the applicable program; and
            ``(3) statutory''; and
            (4) in paragraph (3) (as so designated), by 
        striking the period at the end and inserting ``, except 
        that the Secretary may approve a waiver if the 
        Secretary is authorized to approve a waiver under the 
        statutory authority of the applicable program.''.
    (d) Source Water Protection Through Targeting of 
Agricultural Practices.--Section 1244 of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) (as amended by subsection (b)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(n) Source Water Protection Through Targeting of 
Agricultural Practices.--
            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out any conservation 
        program administered by the Secretary, the Secretary 
        shall encourage practices that relate to water quality 
        and water quantity that protect source water for 
        drinking water (including protecting against public 
        health threats) while also benefitting agricultural 
        producers.
            ``(2) Collaboration with water systems and 
        increased incentives.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In encouraging practices 
                under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) work collaboratively with 
                        community water systems and State 
                        technical committees established under 
                        section 1261(a) to identify, in each 
                        State, local priority areas for the 
                        protection of source waters for 
                        drinking water; and
                            ``(ii) subject to subparagraph (B), 
                        for practices described in paragraph 
                        (1), offer to producers increased 
                        incentives and higher payment rates 
                        than are otherwise statutorily 
                        authorized by the applicable 
                        conservation program administered by 
                        the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--An increased payment 
                under subparagraph (A)(ii) shall not exceed 90 
                percent of practice costs associated with 
                planning, design, materials, equipment, 
                installation, labor, management, maintenance, 
                or training.
            ``(3) Reservation of funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In each of fiscal years 
                2019 through 2023, the Secretary shall use to 
                carry out this subsection not less than 10 
                percent of any funds available for conservation 
                programs administered by the Secretary under 
                this title (other than the conservation reserve 
                program established under subchapter B of 
                chapter 1 of subtitle D).
                    ``(B) Limitation.--Funds available for a 
                specific conservation program shall not be 
                transferred to fund a different conservation 
                program under this title.''.
    (e) Environmental Services Market.--Section 1244 of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) (as amended by 
subsection (d)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(o) Environmental Services Market.--The Secretary may not 
prohibit, through a contract, easement, or agreement under this 
title, a participant in a conservation program administered by 
the Secretary under this title from participating in, and 
receiving compensation from, an environmental services market 
if 1 of the purposes of the market is the facilitation of 
additional conservation benefits that are consistent with the 
purposes of the conservation program administered by the 
Secretary.''.
    (f) Regulatory Certainty.--Section 1244 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) (as amended by subsection 
(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(p) Regulatory Certainty.--
            ``(1) In general.--In addition to technical and 
        programmatic information that the Secretary is 
        otherwise authorized to provide, on request of a 
        Federal agency, a State, an Indian tribe, or a unit of 
        local government, the Secretary may provide technical 
        and programmatic information--
                    ``(A) subject to paragraph (2), to the 
                Federal agency, State, Indian tribe, or unit of 
                local government to support specifically the 
                development of mechanisms that would provide 
                regulatory certainty, regulatory 
                predictability, safe harbor protection, or 
                other similar regulatory assurances to a 
                farmer, rancher, or private nonindustrial 
                forest landowner under a regulatory 
                requirement--
                            ``(i) that relates to soil, water, 
                        or wildlife; and
                            ``(ii) over which that Federal 
                        agency, State, Indian tribe, or unit of 
                        local government has authority; and
                    ``(B) relating to conservation practices or 
                activities that could be implemented by a 
                farmer, rancher, or private nonindustrial 
                forest landowner to address a targeted soil, 
                water, or wildlife resource concern that is the 
                direct subject of a regulatory requirement 
                enforced by that Federal agency, State, Indian 
                tribe, or unit of local government, as 
                applicable.
            ``(2) Mechanisms.--The Secretary shall only provide 
        additional technical and programmatic information under 
        paragraph (1) if the mechanisms to be developed by the 
        Federal agency, State, Indian tribe, or unit of local 
        government, as applicable, under paragraph (1)(A) are 
        anticipated to include, at a minimum--
                    ``(A) the implementation of 1 or more 
                conservation practices or activities that 
                effectively addresses the soil, water, or 
                wildlife resource concern identified under 
                paragraph (1);
                    ``(B) the on-site confirmation that the 
                applicable conservation practices or activities 
                identified under subparagraph (A) have been 
                implemented;
                    ``(C) a plan for a periodic audit, as 
                appropriate, of the continued implementation or 
                maintenance of each of the conservation 
                practices or activities identified under 
                subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(D) notification to a farmer, rancher, or 
                private nonindustrial forest landowner of, and 
                an opportunity to correct, any noncompliance 
                with a requirement to obtain regulatory 
                certainty, regulatory predictability, safe 
                harbor protection, or other similar regulatory 
                assurance.
            ``(3) Continuing current collaboration on soil, 
        water, or wildlife conservation practices.--The 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) continue collaboration with Federal 
                agencies, States, Indian tribes, or local units 
                of government on existing regulatory certainty, 
                regulatory predictability, safe harbor 
                protection, or other similar regulatory 
                assurances in accordance with paragraph (2); 
                and
                    ``(B) continue collaboration with the 
                Secretary of the Interior on consultation under 
                section 7(a)(2) of the Endangered Species Act 
                of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(2)) or conference 
                under section 7(a)(4) of that Act (16 U.S.C. 
                1536(a)(4)), as applicable, for wildlife 
                conservation efforts, including the Working 
                Lands for Wildlife model of conservation on 
                working landscapes, as implemented on the day 
                before the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
                Improvement Act of 2018, in accordance with--
                            ``(i) the document entitled 
                        `Partnership Agreement Between the 
                        United States Department of Agriculture 
                        Natural Resources Conservation Service 
                        and the United States Department of the 
                        Interior Fish and Wildlife Service', 
                        numbered A-3A75-16-937, and formalized 
                        by the Chief of the Natural Resources 
                        Conservation Service on September 15, 
                        2016, and by the Director of the United 
                        States Fish and Wildlife Service on 
                        August 4, 2016, as in effect on 
                        September 15, 2016; and
                            ``(ii) United States Fish and 
                        Wildlife Service Director's Order No. 
                        217, dated August 9, 2016, as in effect 
                        on August 9, 2016.
            ``(4) Savings clause.--Nothing in this subsection--
                    ``(A) preempts, displaces, or supplants any 
                authority or right of a Federal agency, a 
                State, an Indian tribe, or a unit of local 
                government;
                    ``(B) modifies or otherwise affects, 
                preempts, or displaces--
                            ``(i) any cause of action; or
                            ``(ii) a provision of Federal or 
                        State law establishing a remedy for a 
                        civil or criminal cause of action; or
                    ``(C) applies to a case in which the 
                Department of Agriculture is the originating 
                agency requesting a consultation or other 
                technical and programmatic information or 
                assistance from another Federal agency in 
                assisting farmers, ranchers, or nonindustrial 
                private forest landowners participating in a 
                conservation program administered by the 
                Secretary.''.

SEC. 2504. TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATION OF CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Interim Administration.--Subject to subsection (d), the 
Secretary shall use the applicable regulations in effect on the 
day before the date of enactment of this Act, to the extent 
that the terms and conditions of those regulations are 
consistent with the amendments made by this title, to carry out 
the programs under laws as amended by this title, including--
            (1) the conservation reserve program under 
        subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of 
        the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) 
        (as amended by subtitle B);
            (2) the environmental quality incentives program 
        under subchapter A of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title 
        XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa 
        et seq) (as added by section 2301(a)(1) and amended by 
        subtitle C);
            (3) the conservation stewardship program under 
        subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of 
        the Food Security Act of 1985 (as added by subsections 
        (a)(2) and (b) of section 2301 and amended by subtitle 
        C); and
            (4) the agricultural conservation easement program 
        established under subtitle H of title XII of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865 et seq.) (as 
        amended by subtitle F).
    (b) Regional Conservation Partnership Program.--
Notwithstanding subsection (e) of section 1271E of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871e) (as amended by section 
2706), and subject to subsection (d), for fiscal year 2019, the 
Secretary may use an availability of program funding 
announcement consistent with the amendments made by subtitle G 
to carry out the regional conservation partnership program 
under subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3871 et seq.) without issuing a regulation.
    (c) Funding.--The Secretary may only use funds authorized 
to be made available by this title or the amendments made by 
this title for the specific programs described in paragraphs 
(1) through (4) of subsection (a) and subsection (b), in 
accordance with any restrictions on the use of those funds, for 
the purposes described in subsections (a) and (b).
    (d) Termination of Authority.--The authority of the 
Secretary to carry out subsections (a) and (b) shall terminate 
on September 30, 2019.
    (e) Permanent Administration.--Effective beginning on the 
termination date described in subsection (d), the Secretary 
shall carry out this title and the amendments made by this 
title in accordance with such final regulations as the 
Secretary considers necessary to carry out this title and the 
amendments made by this title.

         Subtitle F--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

SEC. 2601. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

    Section 1265(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3865(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``that 
        negatively affect the agricultural uses and 
        conservation values'' after ``that land''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``restoring and'' 
        and inserting ``restoring or''.

SEC. 2602. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 1265A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3865a) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph(1)(B), by striking ``subject to an 
        agricultural land easement plan, as approved by the 
        Secretary'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and 
        (5) as paragraphs (3), (4), (6), and (7), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Buy-protect-sell transaction.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `buy-protect-
                sell transaction' means a legal arrangement--
                            ``(i) between an eligible entity 
                        and the Secretary relating to land that 
                        an eligible entity owns or is going to 
                        purchase prior to acquisition of an 
                        agricultural land easement;
                            ``(ii) under which the eligible 
                        entity certifies to the Secretary that 
                        the eligible entity shall--
                                    ``(I)(aa) hold an 
                                agricultural land easement on 
                                that land, but transfer 
                                ownership of the land to a 
                                farmer or rancher that is not 
                                an eligible entity prior to or 
                                on acquisition of the 
                                agricultural land easement; or
                                    ``(bb) hold an agricultural 
                                land easement on that land, but 
                                transfer ownership of the land 
                                to a farmer or rancher that is 
                                not an eligible entity in a 
                                timely manner and, subject to 
                                subparagraph (B), not later 
                                than 3 years after the date of 
                                acquisition of the agricultural 
                                land easement; and
                                    ``(II) make an initial sale 
                                of the land subject to the 
                                agricultural land easement to a 
                                farmer or rancher at not more 
                                than agricultural value, plus 
                                any reasonable holding and 
                                transaction costs incurred by 
                                the eligible entity, as 
                                determined by the Secretary; 
                                and
                            ``(iii) under which the Secretary 
                        shall be reimbursed for the entirety of 
                        the Federal share of the cost of the 
                        agricultural land easement by the 
                        eligible entity if the eligible entity 
                        fails to transfer ownership under item 
                        (aa) or (bb), as applicable, of clause 
                        (ii)(I).
                    ``(B) Time extension.--Under subparagraph 
                (A)(ii)(I)(bb), an eligible entity may transfer 
                land later than 3 years after the date of 
                acquisition of the agricultural land easement 
                if the Secretary determines an extension of 
                time is justified.'';
            (4) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(i)--
                            (i) by striking ``to a'' and 
                        inserting the following: ``to--
                                    ``(I) a'';
                            (ii) in subclause (I) (as so 
                        designated), by adding ``or'' at the 
                        end; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                                    ``(II) a buy-protect-sell 
                                transaction;''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(i)(II), by striking 
                ``, as determined by the Secretary in 
                consultation with the Secretary of the Interior 
                at the local level''; and
            (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
            ``(5) Monitoring report.--The term `monitoring 
        report' means a report, the contents of which are 
        formulated and prepared by the holder of an 
        agricultural land easement, that accurately documents 
        whether the land subject to the agricultural land 
        easement is in compliance with the terms and conditions 
        of the agricultural land easement.''.

SEC. 2603. AGRICULTURAL LAND EASEMENTS.

    (a) Availability of Assistance.--Section 1265B(a) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``provide for the 
        conservation of natural resources pursuant to an 
        agricultural land easement plan.'' and inserting 
        ``implement the program, including technical assistance 
        for the development of a conservation plan under 
        subsection (b)(4)(C)(iv); and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) buy-protect-sell transactions.''.
    (b) Cost-share Assistance.--
            (1) Scope of assistance available.--Section 
        1265B(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3865b(b)(2)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking clause 
                (ii) and inserting the following:
                            ``(ii) Grasslands exception.--In 
                        the case of grassland of special 
                        environmental significance, as 
                        determined by the Secretary, the 
                        Secretary may provide an amount not to 
                        exceed 75 percent of the fair market 
                        value of the agricultural land 
                        easement.
                            ``(iii) Permissible forms.--The 
                        non-Federal share provided by an 
                        eligible entity under this subparagraph 
                        may comprise--
                                    ``(I) cash resources;
                                    ``(II) a charitable 
                                donation or qualified 
                                conservation contribution (as 
                                defined in section 170(h) of 
                                the Internal Revenue Code of 
                                1986) from the private 
                                landowner from which the 
                                agricultural land easement will 
                                be purchased;
                                    ``(III) costs associated 
                                with securing a deed to the 
                                agricultural land easement, 
                                including the cost of 
                                appraisal, survey, inspection, 
                                and title; and
                                    ``(IV) other costs, as 
                                determined by the Secretary.''; 
                                and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (C).
            (2) Evaluation and ranking of applications.--
        Section 1265B(b)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (16 U.S.C. 3865b(b)(3)) is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (E); and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following:
                    ``(C) Accounting for geographic 
                differences.--The Secretary may adjust the 
                criteria established under subparagraph (A) to 
                account for geographic differences, if the 
                adjustments--
                            ``(i) meet the purposes of the 
                        program; and
                            ``(ii) continue to maximize the 
                        benefit of the Federal investment under 
                        the program.
                    ``(D) Priority.--In evaluating applications 
                under the program, the Secretary may give 
                priority to an application for the purchase of 
                an agricultural land easement that, as 
                determined by the Secretary, maintains 
                agricultural viability.''.
            (3) Agreements with eligible entities.--Section 
        1265B(b)(4) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3865b(b)(4)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                clauses (iii) and (iv) and inserting the 
                following:
                            ``(iii) include a right of 
                        enforcement for the Secretary that--
                                    ``(I) may be used only if 
                                the terms and conditions of the 
                                easement are not enforced by 
                                the eligible entity; and
                                    ``(II) does not extend to a 
                                right of inspection unless--
                                            ``(aa)(AA) the 
                                        holder of the easement 
                                        fails to provide 
                                        monitoring reports in a 
                                        timely manner; or
                                            ``(BB) the 
                                        Secretary has a 
                                        reasonable and 
                                        articulable belief that 
                                        the terms and 
                                        conditions of the 
                                        easement have been 
                                        violated; and
                                            ``(bb) prior to the 
                                        inspection, the 
                                        Secretary notifies the 
                                        eligible entity and the 
                                        landowner of the 
                                        inspection and provides 
                                        a reasonable 
                                        opportunity for the 
                                        eligible entity and the 
                                        landowner to 
                                        participate in the 
                                        inspection;
                            ``(iv) include a conservation plan 
                        only for any portion of the land 
                        subject to the agricultural land 
                        easement that is highly erodible 
                        cropland; and'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and 
                (E) as subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                    ``(D) Additional permitted terms and 
                conditions.--An eligible entity may include 
                terms and conditions for an agricultural land 
                easement that--
                            ``(i) are intended to keep the land 
                        subject to the agricultural land 
                        easement under the ownership of a 
                        farmer or rancher, as determined by the 
                        Secretary;
                            ``(ii) allow subsurface mineral 
                        development on the land subject to the 
                        agricultural land easement and in 
                        accordance with applicable State law 
                        if, as determined by the Secretary--
                                    ``(I) the subsurface 
                                mineral development--
                                            ``(aa) has a 
                                        limited and localized 
                                        impact;
                                            ``(bb) does not 
                                        harm the agricultural 
                                        use and conservation 
                                        values of the land 
                                        subject to the 
                                        easement;
                                            ``(cc) does not 
                                        materially alter or 
                                        affect the existing 
                                        topography;
                                            ``(dd) shall comply 
                                        with a subsurface 
                                        mineral development 
                                        plan that--
                                                    ``(AA) 
                                                includes a plan 
                                                for the 
                                                remediation of 
                                                impacts to the 
                                                agricultural 
                                                use and 
                                                conservation 
                                                values of the 
                                                land subject to 
                                                the easement; 
                                                and
                                                    ``(BB) is 
                                                approved by the 
                                                Secretary prior 
                                                to the 
                                                initiation of 
                                                mineral 
                                                development 
                                                activity;
                                            ``(ee) is not 
                                        accomplished by any 
                                        surface mining method;
                                            ``(ff) is within 
                                        the impervious surface 
                                        limits of the easement 
                                        under subparagraph 
                                        (C)(v); and
                                            ``(gg) uses 
                                        practices and 
                                        technologies that 
                                        minimize the duration 
                                        and intensity of 
                                        impacts to the 
                                        agricultural use and 
                                        conservation values of 
                                        the land subject to the 
                                        easement; and
                                    ``(II) each area impacted 
                                by the subsurface mineral 
                                development shall be reclaimed 
                                and restored by the holder of 
                                the mineral rights at cessation 
                                of operation; and
                            ``(iii) include other relevant 
                        activities relating to the agricultural 
                        land easement, as determined by the 
                        Secretary.''.
            (4) Certification of eligible entities.--Section 
        1265B(b)(5) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3865b(b)(5)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``; 
                        and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                            (ii) in clause (iii), by striking 
                        the period at the end and inserting ``; 
                        and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(iv) allow a certified eligible 
                        entity to use its own terms and 
                        conditions, notwithstanding paragraph 
                        (4)(C), as long as the terms and 
                        conditions are consistent with the 
                        purposes of the program.''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in clause (iii), by 
                        redesignating subclauses (I) through 
                        (III) as items (aa) through (cc), 
                        respectively, and indenting 
                        appropriately;
                            (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) 
                        through (iii) as subclauses (I) through 
                        (III), respectively, and indenting 
                        appropriately;
                            (iii) in the matter preceding 
                        subclause (I) (as so redesignated), by 
                        striking ``entity will'' and inserting 
                        the following: ``eligible entity--
                            ``(i) will'';
                            (iv) in clause (i)(III)(cc) (as so 
                        redesignated), by striking the period 
                        at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                        and
                            (v) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(ii) has--
                                    ``(I) been accredited by 
                                the Land Trust Accreditation 
                                Commission, or by an equivalent 
                                accrediting body, as determined 
                                by the Secretary;
                                    ``(II) acquired not fewer 
                                than 10 agricultural land 
                                easements under the program or 
                                any predecessor program; and
                                    ``(III) successfully met 
                                the responsibilities of the 
                                eligible entity under the 
                                applicable agreements with the 
                                Secretary, as determined by the 
                                Secretary, relating to 
                                agricultural land easements 
                                that the eligible entity has 
                                acquired under the program or 
                                any predecessor program; or
                            ``(iii) is a State department of 
                        agriculture or other State agency with 
                        statutory authority for farm and 
                        ranchland protection that has--
                                    ``(I) acquired not fewer 
                                than 10 agricultural land 
                                easements under the program or 
                                any predecessor program; and
                                    ``(II) successfully met the 
                                responsibilities of the 
                                eligible entity under the 
                                applicable agreements with the 
                                Secretary, as determined by the 
                                Secretary, relating to 
                                agricultural land easements 
                                that the eligible entity has 
                                acquired under the program or 
                                any predecessor program.''.
            (5) Technical assistance.--Section 1265B of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b) is amended 
        by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide 
technical assistance, if requested, to assist in compliance 
with the terms and conditions of easements.''.

SEC. 2604. WETLAND RESERVE EASEMENTS.

    Section 1265C of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3865c) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)(C), by inserting ``or 
                improving water quality'' before the period at 
                the end; and
                    (B) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Land 
                                subject'' and inserting the 
                                following:
                            ``(i) In general.--Land subject'';
                                    (II) in clause (i) (as so 
                                designated), by inserting 
                                ``water management,'' after 
                                ``timber harvest,''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end 
                                the following:
                            ``(ii) Compatible use 
                        authorization.--In evaluating and 
                        authorizing a compatible economic use 
                        under clause (i), the Secretary shall--
                                    ``(I) request and consider 
                                the advice of the applicable 
                                State technical committee 
                                established under section 
                                1261(a) about the 1 or more 
                                types of uses that may be 
                                authorized to be conducted on 
                                land subject to a wetland 
                                reserve easement, including the 
                                frequency, timing, and 
                                intensity of those uses;
                                    ``(II) consider the ability 
                                of an authorized use to 
                                facilitate the practical 
                                administration and management 
                                of that land; and
                                    ``(III) ensure that an 
                                authorized use furthers the 
                                functions and values for which 
                                the wetland reserve easement 
                                was established.''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D)(i)(III), 
                        by inserting after ``under subsection 
                        (f)'' the following: ``or a grazing 
                        management plan that is consistent with 
                        the wetland reserve easement plan and 
                        has been reviewed, and modified as 
                        necessary, at least every 5 years''; 
                        and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) Wetland reserve easement plan.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                develop a wetland reserve easement plan--
                            ``(i) for any eligible land subject 
                        to a wetland reserve easement; and
                            ``(ii) that restores, protects, 
                        enhances, manages, maintains, and 
                        monitors the eligible land subject to 
                        the wetland reserve easements acquired 
                        under this section.
                    ``(B) Practices and activities.--A wetland 
                reserve easement plan under subparagraph (A) 
                shall include practices and activities, 
                including repair or replacement, that are 
                necessary to restore and maintain the enrolled 
                land and the functions and values of the 
                wetland subject to a wetland reserve 
                easement.'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) 
                as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                following:
            ``(2) Alternative plant communities.--The 
        Secretary, in coordination with State technical 
        committees established under section 1261(a) and 
        pursuant to State-specific criteria and guidelines, may 
        authorize the establishment or restoration of a 
        hydrologically appropriate native community or 
        alternative naturalized vegetative community as part of 
        a wetland reserve easement plan on land subject to a 
        wetland reserve easement if that hydrologically 
        appropriate native or alternative naturalized 
        vegetative community shall--
                    ``(A) substantially support or benefit 
                migratory waterfowl or other wetland wildlife; 
                or
                    ``(B) meet local resource concerns or needs 
                (including as an element of a regional, State, 
                or local wildlife initiative or plan).''.

SEC. 2605. ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 1265D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3865d) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (a)(4), by striking ``proposed'' 
        and inserting ``permitted'';
            (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(c) Subordination, Exchange, Modification, and 
Termination.--
            ``(1) Subordination.--The Secretary may subordinate 
        any interest in land, or portion of such interest, 
        administered by the Secretary (including for the 
        purposes of utilities and energy transmission services) 
        either directly or on behalf of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation under the program if the Secretary 
        determines that the subordination--
                    ``(A) increases conservation values or has 
                a limited negative effect on conservation 
                values;
                    ``(B) minimally affects the acreage subject 
                to the interest in land; and
                    ``(C) is in the public interest or furthers 
                the practical administration of the program.
            ``(2) Modification and exchange.--
                    ``(A) Authority.--The Secretary may approve 
                a modification or exchange of any interest in 
                land, or portion of such interest, administered 
                by the Secretary, either directly or on behalf 
                of the Commodity Credit Corporation under the 
                program if the Secretary determines that--
                            ``(i) no reasonable alternative 
                        exists and the effect on the interest 
                        in land is avoided or minimized to the 
                        extent practicable; and
                            ``(ii) the modification or 
                        exchange--
                                    ``(I) results in equal or 
                                increased conservation values;
                                    ``(II) results in equal or 
                                greater economic value to the 
                                United States;
                                    ``(III) is consistent with 
                                the original intent of the 
                                easement;
                                    ``(IV) is consistent with 
                                the purposes of the program; 
                                and
                                    ``(V) is in the public 
                                interest or furthers the 
                                practical administration of the 
                                program.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--In modifying or 
                exchanging an interest in land, or portion of 
                such interest, under this paragraph, the 
                Secretary may not increase any payment to an 
                eligible entity.
            ``(3) Termination.--The Secretary may approve a 
        termination of any interest in land, or portion of such 
        interest, administered by the Secretary, directly or on 
        behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation under the 
        program if the Secretary determines that--
                    ``(A) termination is in the interest of the 
                Federal Government;
                    ``(B) the United States will be fully 
                compensated for--
                            ``(i) the fair market value of the 
                        interest in land;
                            ``(ii) any costs relating to the 
                        termination; and
                            ``(iii) any damages determined 
                        appropriate by the Secretary; and
                    ``(C) the termination will--
                            ``(i) address a compelling public 
                        need for which there is no practicable 
                        alternative even with avoidance and 
                        minimization; and
                            ``(ii) further the practical 
                        administration of the program.
            ``(4) Consent.--The Secretary shall obtain consent 
        from the landowner and eligible entity, if applicable, 
        for any subordination, exchange, modification, or 
        termination of interest in land, or portion of such 
        interest, under this subsection.
            ``(5) Notice.--At least 90 days before taking any 
        termination action described in paragraph (3), the 
        Secretary shall provide written notice of such action 
        to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.''; and
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``transferred into the program'' and inserting 
                ``enrolled in an easement under section 
                1265C(b)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Agricultural land easements.--A farmer or 
        rancher who owns eligible land subject to an 
        agricultural land easement may enter into a contract 
        under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D.''.

         Subtitle G--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

SEC. 2701. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

    Section 1271 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3871) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, 
                including partnership agreements funded through 
                alternative funding arrangements or grant 
                agreements under section 1271C(d),'' after 
                ``partnership agreements''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``contracts with producers'' and inserting 
                ``program contracts with producers''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter 
                preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``use 
                covered programs'' and inserting ``carry out 
                eligible activities'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(2) To further the conservation, protection, 
        restoration, and sustainable use of soil, water 
        (including sources of drinking water and groundwater), 
        wildlife, agricultural land, and related natural 
        resources on eligible land on a regional or watershed 
        scale.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        inserting ``, including through 
                        alignment of partnership projects with 
                        other national, State, and local 
                        agencies and programs addressing 
                        similar natural resource or 
                        environmental concerns'' after 
                        ``eligible land''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``installation'' and inserting 
                        ``adoption, installation,''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) To encourage the flexible and streamlined 
        delivery of conservation assistance to producers 
        through partnership agreements.
            ``(5) To engage producers and eligible partners in 
        conservation projects to achieve greater conservation 
        outcomes and benefits for producers than would 
        otherwise be achieved.''.

SEC. 2702. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 1271A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3871a) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``, 
                not including the grassland conservation 
                initiative under section 1240L-1'' before the 
                period at the end; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) The conservation reserve program 
                established under subchapter B of chapter 1 of 
                subtitle D.
                    ``(F) The programs established by the 
                Secretary to carry out the Watershed Protection 
                and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1001 et 
                seq.), except for any program established by 
                the Secretary to carry out section 14 (16 
                U.S.C. 1012) of that Act.'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Eligible activity.--The term `eligible 
        activity' means a practice, activity, agreement, 
        easement, or related conservation measure that is 
        available under the statutory authority for a covered 
        program.
            ``(3) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' 
        means any agricultural or nonindustrial private forest 
        land or associated land on which the Secretary 
        determines an eligible activity would help achieve 
        conservation benefits.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (E), by inserting 
                ``acequia,'' after ``irrigation district,''; 
                and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(I) An organization described in section 
                1265A(3)(B).
                    ``(J) A conservation district.'';
            (4) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(5) Partnership agreement.--The term `partnership 
        agreement' means the programmatic agreement entered 
        into between the Secretary and an eligible partner, 
        subject to the terms and conditions under section 
        1271B.''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Program contract.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `program 
                contract' means the contract between the 
                Secretary and a producer entered into under 
                this subtitle.
                    ``(B) Exclusion.--The term `program 
                contract' does not include a contract under a 
                covered program.''.

SEC. 2703. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIPS.

    Section 1271B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3871b) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(b) Length.--
            ``(1) In general.--A partnership agreement shall 
        be--
                    ``(A) for a period not to exceed 5 years; 
                or
                    ``(B) for a period that is longer than 5 
                years, if the longer period is necessary to 
                meet the objectives of the program, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Renewal.--A partnership agreement may be 
        renewed under subsection (e)(5) for a period not to 
        exceed 5 years.
            ``(3) Extension.--A partnership agreement, or any 
        renewal of a partnership agreement, may each be 
        extended 1 time for a period not longer than 12 months, 
        as determined by the Secretary.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by redesignating 
                                clauses (iii) and (iv) as 
                                clauses (iv) and (v), 
                                respectively; and
                                    (II) by striking clauses 
                                (i) and (ii) and inserting the 
                                following:
                            ``(i) 1 or more conservation 
                        benefits that the project shall 
                        achieve;
                            ``(ii) the eligible activities on 
                        eligible land to be conducted under the 
                        project to achieve conservation 
                        benefits;
                            ``(iii) the implementation timeline 
                        for carrying out the project, including 
                        any interim milestones;'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by 
                        striking ``funds'' and inserting 
                        ``contributions''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (E), by 
                        striking ``of the project's effects; 
                        and'' and inserting the following: 
                        ``of--
                            ``(i) the progress made by the 
                        project in achieving each conservation 
                        benefit defined in the partnership 
                        agreement, including in a quantified 
                        form to the extent practicable; and
                            ``(ii) as appropriate, other 
                        outcomes of the project; and''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``An eligible'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--An eligible''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) Form.--A contribution of an eligible 
                partner under this paragraph may be in the form 
                of--
                            ``(i) direct funding;
                            ``(ii) in-kind support; or
                            ``(iii) a combination of direct 
                        funding and in-kind support.
                    ``(C) Treatment.--Any amounts expended 
                during the period beginning on the date on 
                which the Secretary announces the approval of 
                an application under subsection (e) and ending 
                on the day before the effective date of the 
                partnership agreement by an eligible partner 
                for staff salaries or development of the 
                partnership agreement may be considered to be a 
                part of the contribution of the eligible 
                partner under this paragraph.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
        (e);
            (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the 
        following:
    ``(d) Duties of Secretary.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) establish a timeline for carrying out the 
        duties of the Secretary under a partnership agreement, 
        including--
                    ``(A) entering into program contracts with 
                producers;
                    ``(B) providing financial assistance to 
                producers; and
                    ``(C) in the case of a partnership 
                agreement that is funded through an alternative 
                funding arrangement or grant agreement under 
                section 1271C(d), providing the payments to the 
                eligible partner for carrying out eligible 
                activities;
            ``(2) identify in each State a program coordinator 
        for the State, who shall be responsible for providing 
        assistance to eligible partners under the program;
            ``(3) establish guidance to assist eligible 
        partners with carrying out the assessment required 
        under subsection (c)(1)(E);
            ``(4) provide to each eligible partner that has 
        entered into a partnership agreement that is not funded 
        through an alternative funding arrangement or grant 
        agreement under section 1271C(d)--
                    ``(A) a semiannual report describing the 
                status of each pending and obligated contract 
                under the project of the eligible partner; and
                    ``(B) an annual report describing how the 
                Secretary used amounts reserved by the 
                Secretary for that year for technical 
                assistance under section 1271D(f); and
            ``(5) ensure that any eligible activity effectively 
        achieves the conservation benefits identified in the 
        partnership agreement under subsection (c)(1)(A)(i).'';
            (5) in subsection (e) (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (3))--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting 
                ``simplified'' after ``conduct a'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking the paragraph 
                        designation and heading and all that 
                        follows through ``description of--'' 
                        and inserting the following:
            ``(3) Contents.--The Secretary shall develop a 
        simplified application that includes a description of--
        '';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        striking ``, including the covered 
                        programs to be used''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (D), by 
                        striking ``financial'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraph (D);
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs 
                        (E) and (F) as subparagraphs (G) and 
                        (H), respectively; and
                            (iii) by inserting after 
                        subparagraph (C) the following:
                    ``(D) build new partnerships with local, 
                State, and private entities to include a 
                diversity of stakeholders in the project;
                    ``(E) deliver a high percentage of applied 
                conservation--
                            ``(i) to achieve conservation 
                        benefits; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a project in 
                        a critical conservation area under 
                        section 1271F, to address the priority 
                        resource concern for that critical 
                        conservation area;
                    ``(F) implement the project consistent with 
                existing watershed, habitat, or other area 
                restoration plans;''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Renewals.--If the Secretary determines that a 
        project that is the subject of a partnership agreement 
        has met or exceeded the objectives of the project, the 
        Secretary may renew the partnership agreement through 
        an expedited noncompetitive process if the 1 or more 
        eligible partners that are parties to the partnership 
        agreement request the renewal in order--
                    ``(A) to continue to implement the project 
                under a renewal of the partnership agreement; 
                or
                    ``(B) to expand the scope of the project 
                under a renewal of the partnership agreement, 
                as long as the expansion is within the 
                objectives and purposes of the original 
                partnership agreement.''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Nonapplicability of Adjusted Gross Income 
Limitation.--The adjusted gross income limitation described in 
section 1001D(b)(1) shall not apply to an eligible partner 
under the program.''.

SEC. 2704. ASSISTANCE TO PRODUCERS.

    Section 1271C of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3871c) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--A producer may receive financial or 
technical assistance to conduct eligible activities on eligible 
land through a program contract entered into with the 
Secretary.
    ``(b) Program Contracts.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        program contract to be entered into with a producer to 
        conduct eligible activities on eligible land, subject 
        to such terms and conditions as the Secretary may 
        establish.
            ``(2) Application bundles.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An eligible partner may 
                submit to the Secretary, on behalf of 
                producers, a bundle of applications for 
                assistance under the program through program 
                contracts to address a substantial portion of 
                the conservation benefits to be achieved by the 
                project, as defined in the partnership 
                agreement.
                    ``(B) Priority.--The Secretary may give 
                priority to applications described in 
                subparagraph (A).'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``In 
                accordance with statutory requirements of the 
                covered programs involved, the Secretary may 
                make payments to a producer'' and inserting 
                ``Subject to section 1271D, the Secretary may 
                make payments to a producer''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``participating''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Funding Through Alternative Funding Arrangements or 
Grant Agreements.--
            ``(1) In general.--A partnership agreement entered 
        into with an eligible partner may be funded through an 
        alternative funding arrangement or grant in accordance 
        with this subsection.
            ``(2) Duties of the secretary.--The Secretary 
        shall--
                    ``(A) under a funding agreement under 
                paragraph (1)--
                            ``(i) use funding made available to 
                        carry out this subtitle to provide 
                        funding directly to the eligible 
                        partner; and
                            ``(ii) provide technical and 
                        administrative assistance, as mutually 
                        agreed by the parties; and
                    ``(B) enter into not more than 15 
                alternative funding arrangements or grant 
                agreements with 1 or more eligible partners 
                each fiscal year.
            ``(3) Duties of eligible partners.--Under a funding 
        agreement under paragraph (1), the eligible partner 
        shall--
                    ``(A) carry out eligible activities on 
                eligible land in agreement with producers to 
                achieve conservation benefits on a regional or 
                watershed scale, such as--
                            ``(i) infrastructure investments 
                        relating to agricultural or 
                        nonindustrial private forest production 
                        that would--
                                    ``(I) benefit multiple 
                                producers; and
                                    ``(II) address natural 
                                resource concerns such as 
                                drought, wildfire, or water 
                                quality impairment on the land 
                                covered by the project;
                            ``(ii) projects addressing natural 
                        resources concerns in coordination with 
                        producers, including the development 
                        and implementation of watershed, 
                        habitat, or other area restoration 
                        plans;
                            ``(iii) projects that use 
                        innovative approaches to leveraging the 
                        Federal investment in conservation with 
                        private financial mechanisms, in 
                        conjunction with agricultural 
                        production or forest resource 
                        management, such as--
                                    ``(I) the provision of 
                                performance-based payments to 
                                producers; and
                                    ``(II) support for an 
                                environmental market; or
                            ``(iv) other projects for which the 
                        Secretary determines that the goals and 
                        objectives of the program would be 
                        easier to achieve through the funding 
                        agreement under paragraph (1); and
                    ``(B) submit to the Secretary, in addition 
                to any information that the Secretary requires 
                to prepare the report under section 1271E(b), 
                an annual report that describes the status of 
                the project, including a description of--
                            ``(i) the use of the funds awarded 
                        under paragraph (1);
                            ``(ii) any subcontracts awarded;
                            ``(iii) the producers receiving 
                        funding through the funding agreement 
                        under paragraph (1);
                            ``(iv)(I) the progress made by the 
                        project in addressing each natural 
                        resource concern defined in the funding 
                        agreement under paragraph (1), 
                        including in a quantified form to the 
                        extent practicable; and
                            ``(II) as appropriate, other 
                        outcomes of the project; and
                            ``(v) any other reporting data the 
                        Secretary determines are necessary to 
                        ensure compliance with the program 
                        rules.''.

SEC. 2705. FUNDING.

    Section 1271D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3871d) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``$100,000,000'' and 
                inserting ``$300,000,000''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
                inserting ``2019 through 2023'';
            (2) by striking subsection (c);
            (3) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as 
        subsections (c) and (d), respectively;
            (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``and acres''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and reserved for 
                        the program under subsection (c)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``25 percent of the 
                        funds and acres to projects based on a 
                        State competitive process administered 
                        by the State Conservationist, with the 
                        advice of the State technical 
                        committee'' and inserting ``50 percent 
                        of the funds to projects based on a 
                        State or multistate competitive process 
                        administered by the Secretary at the 
                        local level with the advice of the 
                        applicable State technical 
                        committees''; and
                            (ii) by adding ``and'' after the 
                        semicolon;
                    (C) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (D) by redesignating paragraph (3) as 
                paragraph (2); and
                    (E) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``35 percent of the funds and 
                acres'' and inserting ``50 percent of the 
                funds'';
            (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``None of the funds made 
                available or reserved for the program'' and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), none of the funds made available for the program, 
        including for a partnership agreement funded through an 
        alternative funding arrangement or grant agreement 
        under section 1271C(d),''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Project development and outreach.--Under a 
        partnership agreement that is not funded through an 
        alternative funding arrangement or grant agreement 
        under section 1271C(d), the Secretary may advance 
        reasonable amounts of funding for not longer than 90 
        days for technical assistance to eligible partners to 
        conduct project development and outreach activities in 
        a project area, including--
                    ``(A) providing outreach and education to 
                producers for potential participation in the 
                project;
                    ``(B) establishing baseline metrics to 
                support the development of the assessment 
                required under section 1271B(c)(1)(E); or
                    ``(C) providing technical assistance to 
                producers.''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--At the time of project 
        selection, the Secretary shall identify and make 
        publicly available the amount that the Secretary shall 
        use to provide technical assistance under the terms of 
        the partnership agreement.
            ``(2) Limitation.--The Secretary shall limit costs 
        of the Secretary for technical assistance to costs 
        specific and necessary to carry out the objectives of 
        the program.
            ``(3) Third-party providers.--The Secretary shall 
        develop and implement strategies to encourage third-
        party technical service providers to provide technical 
        assistance to eligible partners pursuant to a 
        partnership agreement.''.

SEC. 2706. ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 1271E of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3871e) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``1271B(d)'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``1271B(e)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by striking ``December 31, 2014'' and inserting 
                ``December 31, 2019'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through 
                (4) as paragraphs (2) through (5), 
                respectively;
                    (C) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
                so redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) a summary of--
                    ``(A) the progress made towards achieving 
                the conservation benefits defined for the 
                projects; and
                    ``(B) any other related outcomes of the 
                projects;'';
                    (D) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (E) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``1271C(b)(2)'' and inserting 
                        ``1271C(d)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) in the case of a project within a critical 
        conservation area under section 1271F, the status of 
        each priority resource concern for each designated 
        critical conservation area, including--
                    ``(A) the priority resource concerns for 
                which each critical conservation area is 
                designated;
                    ``(B) conservation goals and outcomes 
                sufficient to demonstrate that progress is 
                being made to address the priority resource 
                concerns;
                    ``(C) the partnership agreements selected 
                to address each conservation goal and outcome; 
                and
                    ``(D) the extent to which each conservation 
                goal and outcome is being addressed by the 
                partnership agreements.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--The Secretary 
may not provide assistance under the program to a producer 
unless the producer agrees, during the program year for which 
the assistance is provided--
            ``(1) to comply with applicable conservation 
        requirements under subtitle B; and
            ``(2) to comply with applicable wetland protection 
        requirements under subtitle C.
    ``(d) Historically Underserved Producers.--To the maximum 
extent practicable, in carrying out the program, the Secretary 
and eligible partners shall conduct outreach to beginning 
farmers and ranchers, veteran farmers and ranchers, socially 
disadvantaged farmers and ranchers, and limited resource 
farmers and ranchers to encourage participation by those 
producers in a project subject to a partnership agreement or 
funding agreement under 1271C(d).
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary shall issue regulations 
to carry out the program.''.

SEC. 2707. CRITICAL CONSERVATION AREAS.

    Section 1271F of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3871f) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (a), (b), and (c) 
        as subsections (b), (c), and (e), respectively;
            (2) by inserting before subsection (b) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Critical conservation area.--The term 
        `critical conservation area' means a geographical area 
        that contains a critical conservation condition that 
        can be addressed through the program.
            ``(2) Priority resource concern.--The term 
        `priority resource concern' means a natural resource 
        concern located in a critical conservation area that 
        can be addressed through--
                    ``(A) water quality improvement, including 
                through reducing erosion, promoting sediment 
                control, and addressing nutrient management 
                activities affecting large bodies of water of 
                regional, national, or international 
                significance;
                    ``(B) water quantity improvement, including 
                improvement relating to--
                            ``(i) drought;
                            ``(ii) groundwater, surface water, 
                        aquifer, or other water sources; or
                            ``(iii) water retention and flood 
                        prevention;
                    ``(C) wildlife habitat restoration to 
                address species of concern at a Federal, State, 
                or local level; and
                    ``(D) other natural resource improvements, 
                as determined by the Secretary, within the 
                critical conservation area.'';
            (3) in subsection (b) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``(b) In General.--'' and 
                inserting the following:
    ``(b) Applications.--'';
                    (B) by striking ``1271D(d)(3)'' and 
                inserting ``1271D(d)(2)'';
                    (C) by striking ``producer'' and inserting 
                ``program''; and
                    (D) by inserting ``that address 1 or more 
                priority resource concerns for which the 
                critical conservation area is designated'' 
                before the period at the end;
            (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through 
                (3) as paragraphs (2) through (4), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
                so redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall identify 1 
        or more priority resource concerns that apply to each 
        critical conservation area designated under this 
        section after the date of enactment of the Agricultural 
        Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79; 128 Stat. 649), 
        including the conservation goals and outcomes 
        sufficient to demonstrate that progress is being made 
        to address the priority resource concern.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraphs (C) 
                        and (D) and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) contains 1 or more priority resource 
                concerns; or''; and
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraph 
                        (E) as subparagraph (D); and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (3) (as so 
                redesignated) and inserting the following:
            ``(3) Review and withdrawal.--The Secretary may--
                    ``(A) review designations of critical 
                conservation areas under this section not more 
                frequently than once every 5 years; and
                    ``(B) withdraw designation of a critical 
                conservation area only if the Secretary 
                determines that the area is no longer a 
                critical conservation area.'';
            (5) by inserting after subsection (c) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
    ``(d) Outreach to Eligible Partners and Producers.--The 
Secretary shall provide outreach and education to eligible 
partners and producers in critical conservation areas 
designated under this section to encourage the development of 
projects to address each priority resource concern identified 
by the Secretary for that critical conservation area.''; and
            (6) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``producer'' and inserting ``program''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3).

              Subtitle H--Repeals and Technical Amendments

                            PART I--REPEALS

SEC. 2811. REPEAL OF CONSERVATION CORRIDOR DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle G of title II of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (16 U.S.C. 3801 note; 
Public Law 107-171) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5059 of the Water 
Resources Development Act of 2007 (16 U.S.C. 3801 note; Public 
Law 110-114) is repealed.

SEC. 2812. REPEAL OF CRANBERRY ACREAGE RESERVE PROGRAM.

    Section 10608 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
of 2002 (16 U.S.C. 3801 note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.

SEC. 2813. REPEAL OF NATIONAL NATURAL RESOURCES FOUNDATION.

    Subtitle F of title III of the Federal Agriculture 
Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (16 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.) is 
repealed.

SEC. 2814. REPEAL OF FLOOD RISK REDUCTION.

    Section 385 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7334) is repealed.

SEC. 2815. REPEAL OF STUDY OF LAND USE FOR EXPIRING CONTRACTS AND 
                    EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY.

    Section 1437 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (16 U.S.C. 3831 note; Public Law 101-624) is 
repealed.

SEC. 2816. REPEAL OF INTEGRATED FARM MANAGEMENT PROGRAM OPTION.

    Section 1451 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5822) is repealed.

SEC. 2817. REPEAL OF CLARIFICATION OF DEFINITION OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS.

    Section 325 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-127; 110 Stat. 992) is 
repealed.

                     PART II--TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS

SEC. 2821. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act.--Section 
5(4) of the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 
U.S.C. 1005(4)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``goodwater'' and inserting 
        ``floodwater''; and
            (2) by striking ``Secretary of Health, Education, 
        and Welfare'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``Secretary of Health and Human Services''.
    (b) Delineation of Wetlands; Exemptions.--Section 1222(j) 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3822(j)) is amended 
by striking ``National Resources Conservation Service'' and 
inserting ``Natural Resources Conservation Service''.
    (c) Farmable Wetland Program.--Section 1231B(b)(2)(A)(i) of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(b)(2)(A)(i)) is 
amended by adding a semicolon at the end.
    (d) Terminal Lakes Assistance.--Section 2507 of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-6) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) No additional funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Nothing in this section 
                authorizes any additional funds to carry out 
                this section.
                    ``(B) Availability of funds.--Any funds 
                made available to carry out this section before 
                the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
                Improvement Act of 2018 may remain available 
                until expended.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Termination of Authority.--The authority provided by 
this section shall terminate on October 1, 2023.''.
    (e) Delivery of Technical Assistance.--Section 1242 of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842) is amended by 
striking ``third party'' each place it appears and inserting 
``third-party''.
    (f) Administrative Requirements for Conservation 
Programs.--Section 1244(b)(4)(B) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(b)(4)(B)) is amended by striking ``General 
Accounting Office'' and inserting ``Government Accountability 
Office''.

SEC. 2822. STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES.

    (a) Standards.--Section 1261(b)(2) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3861(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``under 
section 1262(b)''.
    (b) Composition.--Section 1261(c) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3861(c)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(14) The State Cooperative Extension Service and 
        land grant university in the State.''.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

SEC. 3101. LABELING REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 202(g) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(g)) 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Labeling of Assistance.--Agricultural commodities and 
other assistance provided under this title shall, to the extent 
practicable, be clearly identified with appropriate markings on 
the package or container of such agricultural commodities or 
food procured outside of the United States, or on printed 
material that accompanies other assistance, in the language of 
the locality in which such commodities and other assistance are 
distributed, as being furnished by the people of the United 
States of America.''.

SEC. 3102. FOOD AID QUALITY ASSURANCE.

    Section 202(h)(3) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1722(h)(3)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 3103. LOCAL SALE AND BARTER OF COMMODITIES.

    Section 203 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1723) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``to generate 
        proceeds to be used as provided in this section'' 
        before the period at the end;
            (2) by striking subsection (b); and
            (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
        subsections (b) and (c), respectively.

SEC. 3104. MINIMUM LEVELS OF ASSISTANCE.

    Section 204(a) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1724(a)) 
is amended in paragraphs (1) and (2) by striking ``2018'' both 
places it appears and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3105. FOOD AID CONSULTATIVE GROUP.

    Section 205 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1725) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)(1), in the first sentence, by 
        striking ``45'' and inserting ``30''; and
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3106. ISSUANCE OF REGULATIONS.

    Section 207(c)(1) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1726a(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``the Agricultural Act of 
2014''and inserting ``the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
2018''.

SEC. 3107. OVERSIGHT, MONITORING, AND EVALUATION.

    Section 207(f)(4) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1726a(f)(4)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``$17,000,000'' and 
                inserting ``1.5 percent, but not less than 
                $17,000,000,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2018'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``2023''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023''; and
                    (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``chapter 1 
                of part I of''.

SEC. 3108. ASSISTANCE FOR STOCKPILING AND RAPID TRANSPORTATION, 
                    DELIVERY, AND DISTRIBUTION OF SHELF-STABLE 
                    PREPACKAGED FOODS.

    Section 208 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726b) is 
amended--
            (1) by amending the section heading to read as 
        follows: ``international food relief partnership.''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3109. CONSIDERATION OF IMPACT OF PROVISION OF AGRICULTURAL 
                    COMMODITIES AND OTHER ASSISTANCE ON LOCAL FARMERS 
                    AND ECONOMY.

    (a) Inclusion of All Modalities.--Section 403(a) of the 
Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(a)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        inserting ``, food procured outside of the United 
        States, food voucher, or cash transfer for food'' after 
        ``agricultural commodity'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``in the case of 
        the provision of an agricultural commodity,'' before 
        ``adequate''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commodity'' and 
        inserting ``agricultural commodity or use of the food 
        procured outside of the United States, food voucher, or 
        cash transfer for food''.
    (b) Avoidance of Disruptive Impact.--Section 403(b) of the 
Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(b)) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by inserting ``, the use 
        of food procured outside of the United States, food 
        vouchers, and cash transfers for food,'' after 
        ``agricultural commodities''; and
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``of sales 
        of agricultural commodities''.

SEC. 3110. ALLOWANCE FOR DISTRIBUTION COSTS.

    Section 406(b)(6) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736(b)(6)) is amended by striking ``and distribution costs'' 
and inserting ``, distribution, and program implementation 
costs to use the commodities''.

SEC. 3111. PREPOSITIONING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.

    Section 407(c)(4)(A) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736a(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3112. ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING FOOD AID PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 407(f) of the Food for Peace Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1736a(f)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Annual Report Regarding Food Aid Programs and 
Activities.--
            ``(1) Annual report.--Not later than April 1 of 
        each fiscal year, the Administrator and the Secretary 
        shall jointly, or each separately, prepare and submit 
        to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
        regarding each program and activity carried out under 
        this Act by the Administrator, the Secretary, or both, 
        as applicable, during the prior fiscal year.
            ``(2) Contents.--An annual report described in 
        paragraph (1) shall include, with respect to the prior 
        fiscal year, the following:
                    ``(A) A list that contains a description of 
                each country and organization that receives 
                food and other assistance under this Act 
                (including the quantity of food and assistance 
                provided to each country and organization).
                    ``(B) A general description of each project 
                and activity implemented under this Act 
                (including each activity funded through the use 
                of local currencies) and the total number of 
                beneficiaries of the project.
                    ``(C) A statement describing the quantity 
                of agricultural commodities made available to, 
                and the total number of beneficiaries in, each 
                country pursuant to--
                            ``(i) this Act;
                            ``(ii) section 416(b) of the 
                        Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 
                        1431(b));
                            ``(iii) the Food for Progress Act 
                        of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o); and
                            ``(iv) the McGovern-Dole 
                        International Food for Education and 
                        Child Nutrition Program established by 
                        section 3107 of the Farm Security and 
                        Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
                        1736o-1).
                    ``(D) An assessment of the progress made 
                through programs under this Act towards 
                reducing food insecurity in the populations 
                receiving food assistance from the United 
                States.
                    ``(E) A description of efforts undertaken 
                by the Food Aid Consultative Group under 
                section 205 to achieve an integrated and 
                effective food assistance program.
                    ``(F) An assessment of--
                            ``(i) each program oversight, 
                        monitoring, and evaluation system 
                        implemented under section 207(f); and
                            ``(ii) the impact of each program 
                        oversight, monitoring, and evaluation 
                        system on the effectiveness and 
                        efficiency of assistance provided under 
                        this title.
                    ``(G) An assessment of the progress made by 
                the Administrator in addressing issues relating 
                to quality with respect to the provision of 
                food assistance.
                    ``(H) A statement of the amount of funds 
                (including funds for administrative costs, 
                indirect cost recovery, internal 
                transportation, storage and handling, and 
                associated distribution costs) provided to each 
                eligible organization that received assistance 
                under this Act, that further describes the 
                following:
                            ``(i) How such funds were used by 
                        the eligible organization.
                            ``(ii) The actual rate of return 
                        for each commodity made available under 
                        this Act, including factors that 
                        influenced the rate of return, and, for 
                        the commodity, the costs of bagging or 
                        further processing, ocean 
                        transportation, inland transportation 
                        in the recipient country, storage 
                        costs, and any other information that 
                        the Administrator and the Secretary 
                        determine to be necessary.
                            ``(iii) For each instance in which 
                        a commodity was made available under 
                        this Act at a rate of return less than 
                        70 percent, the reasons for the rate of 
                        return realized.
                    ``(I) For funds expended for purposes of 
                section 202(e), 406(b)(6), and 407(c)(1)(B), a 
                detailed accounting of the expenditures and 
                purposes of such expenditures with respect to 
                each such section.
            ``(3) Rate of return described.--For purposes of 
        applying subparagraph (H) of paragraph (2), the rate of 
        return for a commodity shall be equal to the proportion 
        that--
                    ``(A) the proceeds the implementing 
                partners generate through monetization; bears 
                to
                    ``(B) the cost to the Federal Government to 
                procure and ship the commodity to a recipient 
                country for monetization.''.
    (b) Conforming Repeal.--Subsection (m) of section 403 of 
the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733) is repealed.

SEC. 3113. DEADLINE FOR AGREEMENTS TO FINANCE SALES OR TO PROVIDE OTHER 
                    ASSISTANCE.

    Section 408 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736b) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3114. MINIMUM LEVEL OF NONEMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.

    Section 412(e) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736f(e)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Minimum Level of Nonemergency Food Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2019 
        through 2023, not less than $365,000,000 of the amounts 
        made available to carry out emergency and nonemergency 
        food assistance programs under title II, nor more than 
        30 percent of such amounts, shall be expended for 
        nonemergency food assistance programs under such title.
            ``(2) Community development funds.--Funds 
        appropriated each year to carry out part I of the 
        Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) 
        that are made available through grants or cooperative 
        agreements to strengthen food security in developing 
        countries and that are consistent with section 
        202(e)(1)(C) may be considered amounts expended for 
        nonemergency food assistance programs for purposes of 
        paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Farmer-to-farmer program.--In determining the 
        amount expended for a fiscal year for nonemergency food 
        assistance programs under paragraph (1), amounts 
        expended for that year to carry out programs under 
        section 501 may be considered amounts expended for 
        nonemergency food assistance programs.''.

SEC. 3115. TERMINATION DATE FOR MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 415(c) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g-
2(c)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3116. JOHN OGONOWSKI AND DOUG BEREUTER FARMER-TO-FARMER PROGRAM.

    Section 501 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by inserting ``section 1342 of title 31, United 
                States Code, or'' after ``Notwithstanding'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1) by inserting 
                ``technical'' before ``assistance''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                        ``employees or staff of a State 
                        cooperative institution (as such term 
                        is defined in paragraph 18 of section 
                        1404 of the National Agricultural 
                        Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103), 
                        except that subparagraphs (E), (F), and 
                        (G) of such paragraph shall not 
                        apply),'' after ``private 
                        corporations,''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``; and'' 
                                at the end of clause (viii); 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking clause 
                                (ix) and inserting the 
                                following:
                            ``(ix) agricultural education and 
                        extension;
                            ``(x) selection of seed varieties 
                        and plant stocks;
                            ``(xi) knowledge of insecticide and 
                        sanitation procedures to prevent crop 
                        destruction;
                            ``(xii) use and maintenance of 
                        agricultural equipment and irrigation 
                        systems; and
                            ``(xiii) selection of fertilizers 
                        and methods of soils treatment; and'';
            (2) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
            (3) in subsection (e)(1), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Grant Program to Create New Partners and 
Innovation.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator of the Agency 
        for International Development shall develop a grant 
        program to be carried out in fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023 to facilitate new and innovative partnerships and 
        activities under this title.
            ``(2) Use of funds.--A grant recipient under this 
        subsection shall use funds received under this 
        subsection to--
                    ``(A) prioritize new implementing partners;
                    ``(B) develop innovative volunteer models;
                    ``(C) develop, improve, or maintain 
                strategic partnerships with other United States 
                development programs; and
                    ``(D) expand the footprint and impact of 
                the programs and activities under this title, 
                and diversity among program participants, 
                including land-grant colleges and universities 
                and cooperative extension services (as such 
                terms are defined in section 1404 of the 
                National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
                Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
                3103)).''.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

SEC. 3201. AGRICULTURAL TRADE PROMOTION AND FACILITATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 203 of the Agricultural Trade Act 
of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 203. AGRICULTURAL TRADE PROMOTION AND FACILITATION.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall carry out 
activities under this section--
            ``(1) to access, develop, maintain, and expand 
        markets for United States agricultural commodities; and
            ``(2) to promote cooperation and the exchange of 
        information.
    ``(b) Market Access Program.--
            ``(1) Definition of eligible trade organization.--
        In this subsection, the term `eligible trade 
        organization' means--
                    ``(A) a United States agricultural trade 
                organization or regional State-related 
                organization that promotes the export and sale 
                of United States agricultural commodities and 
                that does not stand to profit directly from 
                specific sales of United States agricultural 
                commodities;
                    ``(B) a cooperative organization or State 
                agency that promotes the sale of United States 
                agricultural commodities; or
                    ``(C) a private organization that promotes 
                the export and sale of United States 
                agricultural commodities if the Secretary 
                determines that such organization would 
                significantly contribute to United States 
                export market development.
            ``(2) In general.--The Commodity Credit Corporation 
        shall establish and carry out a program, to be known as 
        the `Market Access Program', to encourage the 
        development, maintenance, and expansion of commercial 
        export markets for United States agricultural 
        commodities (including commodities that are organically 
        produced (as defined in section 2103 of the Organic 
        Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6502))) through 
        cost-share assistance to eligible trade organizations 
        that implement a foreign market development program.
            ``(3) Participation requirements.--
                    ``(A) Marketing plan and other 
                requirements.--To be eligible for cost-share 
                assistance under this subsection, an eligible 
                trade organization shall--
                            ``(i) prepare and submit a 
                        marketing plan to the Secretary that 
                        meets the guidelines governing such a 
                        marketing plan specified in this 
                        paragraph or otherwise established by 
                        the Secretary;
                            ``(ii) meet any other requirements 
                        established by the Secretary; and
                            ``(iii) enter into an agreement 
                        with the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Purpose of marketing plan.--A 
                marketing plan submitted under this paragraph 
                shall describe the advertising or other market 
                oriented export promotion activities to be 
                carried out by the eligible trade organization 
                with respect to which assistance under this 
                subsection is being requested.
                    ``(C) Specific elements.--To be approved by 
                the Secretary, a marketing plan submitted under 
                this paragraph shall--
                            ``(i) specifically describe the 
                        manner in which assistance received by 
                        the eligible trade organization, in 
                        conjunction with funds and services 
                        provided by the eligible trade 
                        organization, will be expended in 
                        implementing the marketing plan;
                            ``(ii) establish specific market 
                        goals to be achieved under the 
                        marketing plan; and
                            ``(iii) contain whatever additional 
                        requirements are determined by the 
                        Secretary to be necessary.
                    ``(D) Branded promotion.--A marketing plan 
                approved by the Secretary may provide for the 
                use of branded advertising to promote the sale 
                of United States agricultural commodities in a 
                foreign country under such terms and conditions 
                as may be established by the Secretary.
                    ``(E) Amendments.--An approved marketing 
                plan may be amended by the eligible trade 
                organization at any time, subject to the 
                approval of the amendment by the Secretary.
            ``(4) Level of assistance and cost-share 
        requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                justify in writing the level of assistance to 
                be provided to an eligible trade organization 
                under this subsection and the level of cost 
                sharing required of the organization.
                    ``(B) Limitation on branded promotion.--
                Assistance provided under this subsection for 
                activities described in paragraph (3)(D) shall 
                not exceed 50 percent of the cost of 
                implementing the marketing plan, except that 
                the Secretary may determine not to apply such 
                limitation in the case of United States 
                agricultural commodities with respect to which 
                there has been a favorable decision by the 
                United States Trade Representative under 
                section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 
                2411). Criteria used by the Secretary for 
                determining that the limitation shall not apply 
                shall be consistent and documented.
            ``(5) Other terms and conditions.--
                    ``(A) Multiyear basis.--The Secretary may 
                provide assistance under this subsection on a 
                multiyear basis, subject to annual review by 
                the Secretary for compliance with the approved 
                marketing plan.
                    ``(B) Termination of assistance.--The 
                Secretary may terminate any assistance made, or 
                to be made, available under this subsection if 
                the Secretary determines that--
                            ``(i) the eligible trade 
                        organization is not adhering to the 
                        terms and conditions applicable to the 
                        provision of the assistance;
                            ``(ii) the eligible trade 
                        organization is not implementing the 
                        approved marketing plan or is not 
                        adequately meeting the established 
                        goals of the plan;
                            ``(iii) the eligible trade 
                        organization is not adequately 
                        contributing its own resources to the 
                        implementation of the plan; or
                            ``(iv) the Secretary determines 
                        that termination of assistance in a 
                        particular instance is in the best 
                        interests of the Market Access Program.
                    ``(C) Evaluations.--Beginning not later 
                than 15 months after the initial provision of 
                assistance under this subsection to an eligible 
                trade organization, the Secretary shall monitor 
                the expenditures by the eligible trade 
                organization of such assistance, including the 
                following:
                            ``(i) An evaluation of the 
                        effectiveness of the marketing plan of 
                        the eligible trade organization in 
                        developing or maintaining markets for 
                        United States agricultural commodities.
                            ``(ii) An evaluation of whether 
                        assistance provided under this 
                        subsection is necessary to maintain 
                        such markets.
                            ``(iii) A thorough accounting of 
                        the expenditure by the eligible trade 
                        organization of the assistance provided 
                        under this subsection.
            ``(6) Restrictions on use of funds.--Assistance 
        provided under this subsection to an eligible trade 
        organization may not be used--
                    ``(A) to provide direct assistance to any 
                foreign for-profit corporation for the 
                corporation's use in promoting foreign-produced 
                products; or
                    ``(B) to provide direct assistance to any 
                for-profit corporation that is not recognized 
                as a small business concern (as described in 
                section 3(a) of the Small Business Act (15 
                U.S.C. 632(a))), excluding--
                            ``(i) a cooperative;
                            ``(ii) an association described in 
                        the first section of the Act entitled 
                        `An Act To authorize association of 
                        producers of agricultural products', 
                        approved February 18, 1922 (7 U.S.C. 
                        291); or
                            ``(iii) a nonprofit trade 
                        association.
            ``(7) Permissive use of funds.--Assistance provided 
        under this subsection to a United States agricultural 
        trade association, cooperative, or small business may 
        be used for individual branded promotional activity 
        related to a United States branded product, if the 
        beneficiaries of the activity have provided funds for 
        the activity in an amount that is at least equivalent 
        to the amount of such assistance.
            ``(8) Priority.--In providing assistance for 
        branded promotion, the Secretary should give priority 
        to small-sized entities.
            ``(9) Contribution level.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary should 
                require a minimum contribution level of 10 
                percent from an eligible trade organization 
                that receives assistance for nonbranded 
                promotion.
                    ``(B) Increases in contribution level.--The 
                Secretary may increase the contribution level 
                in any subsequent year that an eligible trade 
                organization receives assistance for nonbranded 
                promotion.
            ``(10) Additionality.--The Secretary should require 
        each participant in the Market Access Program to 
        certify that any Federal funds received supplement, but 
        do not supplant, private or third party participant 
        funds or other contributions to Program activities.
            ``(11) Independent audits.--If as a result of an 
        evaluation or audit of activities of a participant 
        under the Market Access Program, the Secretary 
        determines that a further review is justified in order 
        to ensure compliance with the requirements of the 
        Program, the Secretary should require the participant 
        to contract for an independent audit of the Program 
        activities, including activities of any subcontractor.
            ``(12) Tobacco.--No funds made available under the 
        Market Access Program may be used for activities to 
        develop, maintain, or expand foreign markets for 
        tobacco.
    ``(c) Foreign Market Development Cooperator Program.--
            ``(1) Definition of eligible trade organization.--
        In this subsection, the term `eligible trade 
        organization' means a United States trade organization 
        that--
                    ``(A) promotes the export of 1 or more 
                United States agricultural commodities; and
                    ``(B) does not have a business interest in 
                or receive remuneration from specific sales of 
                agricultural commodities.
            ``(2) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
        and, in cooperation with eligible trade organizations, 
        carry out a program to be known as the `Foreign Market 
        Development Cooperator Program' to maintain and develop 
        foreign markets for United States agricultural 
        commodities.
            ``(3) Use of funds.--Funds made available to carry 
        out this subsection shall be used only to provide--
                    ``(A) cost-share assistance to an eligible 
                trade organization under a contract or 
                agreement with the eligible trade organization; 
                and
                    ``(B) assistance for other costs that are 
                appropriate to carry out the Foreign Market 
                Development Cooperator Program, including 
                contingent liabilities that are not otherwise 
                funded.
    ``(d) E (Kika) De La Garza Emerging Markets Program.--
            ``(1) Definition of emerging market.--In this 
        subsection, the term `emerging market' means any 
        country, foreign territory, customs union, or other 
        economic market that the Secretary determines--
                    ``(A) is taking steps toward a market-
                oriented economy through the food, agriculture, 
                or rural business sectors of its economy; and
                    ``(B) has the potential to provide a viable 
                and significant market for United States 
                agricultural commodities.
            ``(2) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
        and carry out a program, to be known as the `E (Kika) 
        de la Garza Emerging Markets Program'--
                    ``(A) to develop agricultural markets in 
                emerging markets; and
                    ``(B) to promote cooperation and exchange 
                of information between agricultural 
                institutions and agribusinesses in the United 
                States and emerging markets.
            ``(3) Development of agricultural systems.--
                    ``(A) In general.--
                            ``(i) Implementation.--To develop, 
                        maintain, or expand markets for exports 
                        of United States agricultural 
                        commodities, the Secretary shall make 
                        available to emerging markets the 
                        expertise of the United States--
                                    ``(I) to make assessments 
                                of food and rural business 
                                systems needs;
                                    ``(II) to make 
                                recommendations on measures 
                                necessary to enhance the 
                                effectiveness of the food and 
                                rural business systems 
                                described in subclause (I), 
                                including potential reductions 
                                in trade barriers; and
                                    ``(III) to identify and 
                                carry out specific 
                                opportunities and projects to 
                                enhance the effectiveness of 
                                the food and rural business 
                                systems described in subclause 
                                (I).
                            ``(ii) Extent of program.--The 
                        Secretary shall implement this 
                        subparagraph with respect to at least 3 
                        emerging markets in each fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Experts from the united states.--The 
                Secretary may implement subparagraph (A) by 
                providing--
                            ``(i) assistance to teams 
                        (consisting primarily of agricultural 
                        consultants, agricultural producers, 
                        other persons from the private sector, 
                        and government officials expert in 
                        assessing the food and rural business 
                        systems of other countries) to enable 
                        those teams to conduct the assessments, 
                        make the recommendations, and identify 
                        the opportunities and projects 
                        described in subparagraph (A)(i) in 
                        emerging markets;
                            ``(ii) for necessary subsistence 
                        and transportation expenses of--
                                    ``(I) United States food 
                                and rural business system 
                                experts, including United 
                                States agricultural producers 
                                and other United States 
                                individuals knowledgeable in 
                                agricultural and agribusiness 
                                matters, to enable such United 
                                States food and rural business 
                                system experts to assist in 
                                transferring knowledge and 
                                expertise to entities from 
                                emerging markets; and
                                    ``(II) individuals 
                                designated by emerging markets 
                                to enable such designated 
                                individuals to consult with 
                                such United States experts to 
                                enhance food and rural business 
                                systems of such emerging 
                                markets and to transfer 
                                knowledge and expertise to such 
                                emerging markets.
                    ``(C) Cost-sharing.--The Secretary shall 
                encourage the nongovernmental experts described 
                in subparagraph (B) to share the costs of, and 
                otherwise assist in, the participation of those 
                experts in the E (Kika) de la Garza Emerging 
                Markets Program.
                    ``(D) Technical assistance.--The Secretary 
                is authorized to provide, or pay the necessary 
                costs for, technical assistance (including the 
                establishment of extension services) to enable 
                individuals or other entities to carry out 
                recommendations, projects, and opportunities in 
                emerging markets, including recommendations, 
                projects, and opportunities described in 
                subclauses (II) and (III) of subparagraph 
                (A)(i).
                    ``(E) Reports to secretary.--A team that 
                receives assistance under subparagraph (B)(i) 
                shall prepare and submit to the Secretary such 
                reports as the Secretary may require.
                    ``(F) Advisory committee.--To provide the 
                Secretary with information that may be useful 
                to the Secretary in carrying out this 
                subsection, the Secretary may establish an 
                advisory committee composed of representatives 
                of the various sectors of the food and rural 
                business systems of the United States.
                    ``(G) Effect.--The authority provided under 
                this subsection shall be in addition to and not 
                in place of any other authority of the 
                Secretary or the Commodity Credit Corporation.
    ``(e) Technical Assistance for Specialty Crops.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Agriculture 
        shall establish an export assistance program, in this 
        subsection referred to as the `program', to address 
        existing or potential unique barriers that prohibit or 
        threaten the export of United States specialty crops.
            ``(2) Purpose.--The program shall provide direct 
        assistance through public and private sector projects 
        and technical assistance, including through the program 
        under section 2(e) of the Competitive, Special, and 
        Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 3157(e)), to 
        remove, resolve, or mitigate existing or potential 
        sanitary, phytosanitary, and technical barriers to 
        trade.
            ``(3) Priority.--The program shall address time 
        sensitive and strategic market access projects based 
        on--
                    ``(A) trade effect on market retention, 
                market access, and market expansion; and
                    ``(B) trade impact.
            ``(4) Multiyear projects.--The Secretary may 
        provide assistance under the program to a project for 
        longer than a 5-year period if the Secretary determines 
        that further assistance would effectively support the 
        purpose described in paragraph (2).
            ``(5) Outreach and technical assistance.--The 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) conduct outreach to inform eligible 
                organizations of the requirements of the 
                program and the process by which such 
                organizations may submit proposals for funding;
                    ``(B) provide technical assistance to 
                eligible organizations to assist in developing 
                proposals and complying with the requirements 
                of the program; and
                    ``(C) solicit input from eligible 
                organizations on improvements to streamline and 
                facilitate the provision of assistance under 
                this subsection.
            ``(6) Regulations and procedures.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 1 year 
                after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
                Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall 
                review program regulations, procedures, and 
                guidelines for assistance under this subsection 
                and make revisions to streamline, improve, and 
                clarify the application, approval and 
                compliance processes for such assistance, 
                including revisions to implement the 
                requirements of paragraph (5).
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In reviewing and 
                making revisions under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary shall consider--
                            ``(i) establishing accountability 
                        standards that are appropriate for the 
                        size and scope of a project; and
                            ``(ii) establishing streamlined 
                        application and approval processes, 
                        including for smaller-scale projects or 
                        projects to address time-sensitive 
                        trade barriers.
            ``(7) Annual report.--Each year, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress 
        a report that contains, for the period covered by the 
        report, a description of--
                    ``(A) each factor that affects the export 
                of specialty crops, including each factor 
                relating to any--
                            ``(i) significant sanitary or 
                        phytosanitary issue;
                            ``(ii) trade barrier; or
                            ``(iii) emerging sanitary or 
                        phytosanitary issue or trade barrier; 
                        and
                    ``(B)(i) any funds provided under 
                subsection (f)(3)(A)(iv) that were not 
                obligated in a fiscal year; and
                    ``(ii) the reason such funds were not 
                obligated.
    ``(f) Funding and Administration.--
            ``(1) Commodity credit corporation.--The Secretary 
        shall use the funds, facilities, and authorities of the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out this section.
            ``(2) Funding amount.--For each of fiscal years 
        2019 through 2023, of the funds of, or an equal value 
        of commodities owned by, the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
        section $255,000,000, to remain available until 
        expended.
            ``(3) Allocation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For each of fiscal years 
                2019 through 2023, the Secretary shall allocate 
                funds to carry out this section in accordance 
                with the following:
                            ``(i) Market access program.--For 
                        market access activities authorized 
                        under subsection (b), of the funds of, 
                        or an equal value of commodities owned 
                        by, the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
                        not less than $200,000,000 for each 
                        fiscal year.
                            ``(ii) Foreign market development 
                        cooperator program.--To carry out 
                        subsection (c), of the funds of, or an 
                        equal value of commodities owned by, 
                        the Commodity Credit Corporation, not 
                        less than $34,500,000 for each fiscal 
                        year.
                            ``(iii) E (kika) de la garza 
                        emerging markets program.--To provide 
                        assistance under subsection (d), of the 
                        funds of, or an equal value of 
                        commodities owned by, the Commodity 
                        Credit Corporation, not more than 
                        $8,000,000 for each fiscal year.
                            ``(iv) Technical assistance for 
                        specialty crops.--To carry out 
                        subsection (e), of the funds of, or an 
                        equal value of the commodities owned 
                        by, the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
                        $9,000,000 for each fiscal year.
                            ``(v) Priority trade fund.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--In 
                                addition to the amounts 
                                allocated under clauses (i) 
                                through (iv), and 
                                notwithstanding any limitations 
                                in those clauses, as determined 
                                by the Secretary, for 1 or more 
                                programs under this section for 
                                authorized activities to 
                                access, develop, maintain, and 
                                expand markets for United 
                                States agricultural 
                                commodities, $3,500,000 for 
                                each fiscal year.
                                    ``(II) Considerations.--In 
                                allocating funds made available 
                                under subclause (I), the 
                                Secretary may consider 
                                providing a greater allocation 
                                to 1 or more programs under 
                                this section for which the 
                                amounts requested under 
                                applications exceed available 
                                funding for the 1 or more 
                                programs.
                    ``(B) Reallocation.--Any funds allocated 
                under clauses (i) through (iv) of subparagraph 
                (A) that remain unobligated one year after the 
                end of the fiscal year in which they are first 
                made available shall be reallocated to the 
                priority trade fund under subparagraph (A)(v). 
                To the maximum extent practicable, the 
                Secretary shall allocate such reallocated funds 
                to support exports of those types of United 
                States agricultural commodities eligible for 
                assistance under the program for which the 
                funds were originally allocated under 
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(4) Cuba.--Notwithstanding section 908 of the 
        Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 
        2000 (22 U.S.C. 7207) or any other provision of law, 
        funds made available under this section may be used to 
        carry out the programs authorized under subsections (b) 
        and (c) in Cuba. Funds may not be used as described in 
        the previous sentence in contravention with directives 
        set forth under the National Security Presidential 
        Memorandum entitled `Strengthening the Policy of the 
        United States Toward Cuba' issued by the President on 
        June 16, 2017, during the period in which that 
        memorandum is in effect.
            ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition 
        to any other amounts provided under this subsection, 
        there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as 
        are necessary to carry out the programs and authorities 
        under paragraph (3)(A)(v) and subsections (b) through 
        (e).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Market access program.--
                    (A) Section 211 of the Agricultural Trade 
                Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5641) is amended by 
                striking subsection (c).
                    (B) Section 402(a)(1) of the Agricultural 
                Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5662(a)(1)) is 
                amended by striking ``203'' and inserting 
                ``203(b)''.
                    (C) Section 282(f)(2)(C) of the 
                Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 
                1638a(f)(2)(C)) is amended by striking 
                ``section 203 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 
                1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623)'' and inserting ``section 
                203(b) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 
                U.S.C. 5623(b))''.
                    (D) Section 718 of the Agriculture, Rural 
                Development, Food and Drug Administration, and 
                Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (7 
                U.S.C. 5623 note; Public Law 105-277) is 
                amended by striking ``section 203 of the 
                Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
                5623)'' and inserting ``section 203(b) of the 
                Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
                5623(b)''.
                    (E) Section 1302 of the Omnibus Budget 
                Reconciliation Act of 1993 is repealed.
            (2) Foreign market development cooperator 
        program.--Title VII of the Agricultural Trade Act of 
        1978 (7 U.S.C. 5721 et seq.) is repealed.
            (3) E (kika) de la garza emerging markets 
        program.--
                    (A) Section 1542 of the Food, Agriculture, 
                Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C 
                5622 note; Public Law 101-624) is amended--
                            (i) by striking subsection (d);
                            (ii) by redesignating subsections 
                        (e) and (f) as subsections (d) and (e), 
                        respectively; and
                            (iii) in subsection (e) (as so 
                        redesignated)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                paragraph (1), by striking 
                                ``country'' and inserting 
                                ``country, foreign territory, 
                                customs union, or other 
                                economic market''; and
                                    (II) in paragraph (1), by 
                                striking ``the economy of the 
                                country'' and inserting ``its 
                                economy''.
                    (B) Section 1543(b)(5) of the Food, 
                Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
                1990 (7 U.S.C. 3293(b)(5)) is amended by 
                striking ``section 1542(f)'' and inserting 
                ``section 1542(e)''.
                    (C) Section 1543A(c)(2) of the Food, 
                Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
                1990 (7 U.S.C. 5679(c)(2)) is amended by 
                inserting ``and section 203(d) of the 
                Agricultural Trade Act of 1978'' after 
                ``section 1542''.
            (4) Technical assistance for specialty crops.--
        Section 3205 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
        Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5680) is repealed.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

SEC. 3301. GROWING AMERICAN FOOD EXPORTS.

    Section 1543A of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5679) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)(A), by inserting ``or new 
        agricultural production technologies'' after 
        ``biotechnology''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``$6,000,000'' 
        and all that follows through the period at the end and 
        inserting ``$2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
        through 2023.''.

SEC. 3302. FOOD FOR PROGRESS ACT OF 1985.

    Section 1110 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (also known 
as the Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``President'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Secretary'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) by striking ``and'' at the end 
                        of subparagraph (E);
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraph 
                        (F) as subparagraph (G); and
                            (iii) by inserting after 
                        subparagraph (E) the following new 
                        subparagraph:
                    ``(F) a college or university (as such 
                terms are defined in section 1404(4) of the 
                Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
                3103(4)); and''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(10) Rate of return.--For purposes of applying 
        subsection (j)(3), the rate of return for an eligible 
        commodity shall be equal to the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the proceeds eligible entities 
                generate through monetization of such 
                commodity, bears to
                    ``(B) the cost to the Federal Government to 
                procure and ship the commodity to the country 
                where it is monetized.
            ``(11) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the 
        Secretary of Agriculture.'';
            (3) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023'';
            (4) in subsection (g), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023'';
            (5) in subsection (j)(3)--
                    (A) by striking ``December 1'' and 
                inserting ``April 1'';
                    (B) by striking ``of the Senate a list of 
                programs'' and inserting ``of the Senate--
    ``(A) a list of programs'';
                    (C) by striking ``approved to date for the 
                fiscal year'' and inserting ``approved during 
                the prior fiscal year'';
                    (D) by striking the period at the end and 
                inserting a semicolon; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                    ``(B) a description of the actual rate of 
                return for each commodity made available under 
                this section for the previous fiscal year 
                including--
                            ``(i) factors that influenced the 
                        rate of return; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to the 
                        commodity, the costs of bagging or 
                        further processing, ocean 
                        transportation, inland transportation, 
                        storage costs, and any other 
                        information that the Secretary 
                        determines to be necessary; and
                    ``(C) for each instance in which a 
                commodity was made available under this section 
                at a rate of return less than 70 percent, an 
                explanation for the rate of return realized.''.
            (6) in subsection (k), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023'';
            (7) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023'';
            (8) in the heading of subsection (m), by striking 
        ``Presidential'' and inserting ``Secretarial'';
            (9) in subsection (o), by striking ``(acting 
        through the Secretary)'';
            (10) in subsection (o)(1), by striking 
        ``subparagraphs (C) and (F)'' and inserting 
        ``subparagraphs (C) and (G)''; and
            (11) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:.
    ``(p) Pilot Agreements.--
            ``(1) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2019 
        through 2023, subject to the availability of 
        appropriations pursuant to the authorization in 
        paragraph (3), the Secretary shall enter into 1 or more 
        pilot agreements with 1 or more eligible entities 
        through which the Secretary shall provide financial 
        assistance to the eligible entities to carry out 
        activities consistent with subsection (l)(4)(A).
            ``(2) Report required.--In each of fiscal years 
        2020 through 2024, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report 
        describing, with respect to the previous fiscal year--
                    ``(A) the amount provided to eligible 
                entities under each pilot agreement pursuant to 
                paragraph (1) and how the funds were used;
                    ``(B) the activities carried out under each 
                pilot agreement;
                    ``(C) the number of direct and indirect 
                beneficiaries of those activities; and
                    ``(D) the effectiveness of the pilot 
                agreements, including as applicable the impact 
                on food security and agricultural productivity.
            ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out pilot 
        agreements pursuant to this subsection $10,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 3303. BILL EMERSON HUMANITARIAN TRUST ACT.

    Section 302 of the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act (7 
U.S.C. 1736f-1) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), by striking 
        ``2018'' each place it appears and inserting ``2023''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2018'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3304. PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS TO EMERGING MARKETS.

    Section 1542(a) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5622 note; Public Law 101-624) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3305. COCHRAN FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

    Section 1543 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3293) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``for study in 
        the United States.'' and inserting the following: ``for 
        study--
            ``(1) in the United States; or
            ``(2) at a college or university located in an 
        eligible country that the Secretary determines--
                    ``(A) has sufficient scientific and 
                technical facilities;
                    ``(B) has established a partnership with at 
                least one college or university in the United 
                States; and
                    ``(C) has substantial participation by 
                faculty members of the United States college or 
                university in the design of the fellowship 
                curriculum and classroom instruction under the 
                fellowship.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(which 
                may include agricultural extension services)'' 
                after ``systems''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``enhance trade'' 
                        and inserting the following: 
                        ``enhance--
                    ``(A) trade'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A) (as so 
                        designated) by striking the period at 
                        the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) linkages between agricultural 
                interests in the United States and regulatory 
                systems governing sanitary and phytosanitary 
                standards for agricultural products that--
                            ``(i) may enter the United States; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) may pose risks to human, 
                        animal, or plant life or health.''; and
            (3) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``$3,000,000'' and inserting ``$4,000,000'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``$2,000,000'' and inserting ``$3,000,000''; 
                and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``$5,000,000'' and inserting ``$6,000,000''.

SEC. 3306. BORLAUG INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                    FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

    Section 1473G of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319j) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``shall support'' and 
                inserting ``support'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (D), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) the development of agricultural 
                extension services in eligible countries.''; 
                and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Leveraging alumni engagement.--In carrying 
        out the purposes and programs under this section, the 
        Secretary shall encourage ongoing engagement with 
        fellowship recipients who have completed training under 
        the program to provide advice regarding, and 
        participate in, new or ongoing agricultural development 
        projects, with a priority for capacity-building 
        projects.''.

SEC. 3307. INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Fellowship Program Establishment.--The Secretary shall 
establish a fellowship program to be known as the International 
Agricultural Education Fellowship Program to provide 
fellowships to citizens of the United States to assist eligible 
countries in developing school-based agricultural education and 
youth extension programs.
    (b) Eligible Country Described.--For purposes of this 
section, an eligible country is a developing country, as 
determined by the Secretary using a gross national income per 
capita test selected by the Secretary.
    (c) Purpose of Fellowships.--The goals of providing a 
fellowship under this section are to--
            (1) develop globally minded United States 
        agriculturists with experience living abroad;
            (2) focus on meeting the food and fiber needs of 
        the domestic population of eligible countries; and
            (3) strengthen and enhance trade linkages between 
        eligible countries and the United States agricultural 
        industry.
    (d) Eligible Candidates.--The Secretary may provide 
fellowships to citizens of the United States who--
            (1) hold at least a bachelors degree in an 
        agricultural related field of study; and
            (2) have an understanding of United States school-
        based agricultural education and youth extension 
        programs, as determined by the Secretary.
    (e) Candidate Identification.--The Secretary shall consult 
with the National FFA Organization, the National 4-H Council, 
and other entities as the Secretary determines are appropriate 
to identify candidates for fellowships.
    (f) Program Implementation.--The Secretary shall provide 
for the management, coordination, evaluation, and monitoring of 
the Fellowship Program, except that the Secretary may contract 
out the management of the fellowship program to an outside 
organization with experience in implementing fellowship 
programs focused on building capacity for school-based 
agricultural education and youth extension programs in 
developing countries.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            (1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated $5,000,000 to carry out this section for 
        each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
            (2) Duration.--Any funds made available under this 
        subsection shall remain available until expended.

SEC. 3308. INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 
is amended by inserting after section 1543A (7 U.S.C. 5679) the 
following:

``SEC. 1543B. INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    ``(a) Definition of International Food Security.--In this 
section, the term `international food security' means access by 
any person at any time to food and nutrition that is sufficient 
for a healthy and productive life.
    ``(b) Collection of Information.--The Secretary of 
Agriculture (referred to in this section as the `Secretary') 
shall compile information from appropriate mission areas of the 
Department of Agriculture (including the Food, Nutrition, and 
Consumer Services mission area) relating to the improvement of 
international food security.
    ``(c) Public Availability.--To benefit programs for the 
improvement of international food security, the Secretary shall 
organize the information described in subsection (b) and make 
the information available in a format suitable for--
            ``(1) public education; and
            ``(2) use by--
                    ``(A) a Federal, State, or local agency;
                    ``(B) an agency or instrumentality of the 
                government of a foreign country;
                    ``(C) a domestic or international 
                organization, including a domestic or 
                international nongovernmental organization; and
                    ``(D) an intergovernmental organization.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--On request by an entity 
described in subsection (c)(2), the Secretary may provide 
technical assistance to the entity to implement a program for 
the improvement of international food security.
    ``(e) Program Priority.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretary shall give priority to programs relating to the 
development of food and nutrition safety net systems with a 
focus on food insecure countries.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 3309. MCGOVERN-DOLE INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR EDUCATION AND CHILD 
                    NUTRITION PROGRAM.

    Section 3107 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``that is'' and inserting 
                the following: ``that--
            ``(1) is'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by 
                striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2)(A) is produced in and procured from--
                    ``(i) a developing country that is a 
                recipient country; or
                    ``(ii) a developing country in the same 
                region as a recipient country; and
            ``(B) at a minimum, meets each nutritional, 
        quality, and labeling standard of the recipient 
        country, as determined by the Secretary.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (v)(IV), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) by redesignating clause (vi) as clause 
                (vii); and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (v) the 
                following:
                            ``(vi) the costs associated with 
                        transporting the commodities described 
                        in subsection (a)(2) from a developing 
                        country described in subparagraph 
                        (A)(ii) of that subsection to any 
                        designated point of entry within the 
                        recipient country; and'';
            (3) in subsection (f)(1)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and 
                (F) as subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                following:
                    ``(E) ensure to the maximum extent 
                practicable that assistance--
                            ``(i) is provided under this 
                        section in a timely manner; and
                            ``(ii) is available when needed 
                        throughout the applicable school 
                        year;''; and
            (4) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2018'' 
                and inserting ``2023''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Purchase of commodities.--Of the funds made 
        available to carry out this section, not more than 10 
        percent shall be used to purchase agricultural 
        commodities described in subsection (a)(2).''.

SEC. 3310. GLOBAL CROP DIVERSITY TRUST.

    Section 3202 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (22 U.S.C. 2220a note; Public Law 110-246) is amended--
            (1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) United States Contribution Limit.--
            ``(1) In general.--The aggregate contributions of 
        funds of the Federal Government provided to the Trust 
        shall not exceed--
                    ``(A) for the period of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018, 25 percent of the total amount of 
                funds contributed to the Trust from all 
                sources; and
                    ``(B) subject to paragraph (2), effective 
                beginning with fiscal year 2019, 33 percent of 
                the total amount of funds contributed to the 
                Trust from all sources.
            ``(2) Annual limitation.--The contributions of 
        funds of the Federal Government provided to the Trust 
        shall not exceed $5,500,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2019 through 2023.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3311. LOCAL AND REGIONAL FOOD AID PROCUREMENT PROJECTS.

    Section 3206(e)(1) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 1726c(e)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``to the Secretary'' after 
        ``appropriated''; and
            (2) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
        ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 3312. FOREIGN TRADE MISSIONS.

    (a) Tribal Representation on Trade Missions.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation 
        with the Tribal Advisory Committee established under 
        subsection (b)(2) of section 309 of the Federal Crop 
        Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture 
        Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6921(b)(2)) (as 
        added by section 12303(2)) (referred to in this section 
        as the ``Advisory Committee''), shall seek--
                    (A) to support the greater inclusion of 
                Tribal agricultural and food products in 
                Federal trade-related activities; and
                    (B) to increase the collaboration between 
                Federal trade promotion efforts and other 
                Federal trade-related activities in support of 
                the greater inclusion sought under subparagraph 
                (A).
            (2) Interdepartmental coordination.--In carrying 
        out activities to increase the collaboration described 
        in paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall coordinate 
        with--
                    (A) the Secretary of Commerce;
                    (B) the Secretary of State;
                    (C) the Secretary of the Interior; and
                    (D) the heads of any other relevant Federal 
                agencies.
    (b) Report; Goals.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a 
        report describing the efforts of the Department of 
        Agriculture and other Federal agencies under this 
        section to--
                    (A) the Advisory Committee;
                    (B) the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives;
                    (C) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of 
                the House of Representatives;
                    (D) the Committee on Agriculture, 
                Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate;
                    (E) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate; and
                    (F) the Committee on Indian Affairs of the 
                Senate.
            (2) Goals.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish 
        goals for measuring, in an objective and quantifiable 
        format, the extent to which Indian Tribes and Tribal 
        agricultural and food products are included in the 
        trade-related activities of the Department of 
        Agriculture.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SEC. 4001. REQUIREMENTS FOR ONLINE ACCEPTANCE OF BENEFITS.

    (a) Definition.--Section 3(o)(1) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(o)(1)) is amended by striking ``or 
house-to-house trade route'' and inserting ``, house-to-house 
trade route, or online entity''.
    (b) Acceptance of Benefits.--Section 7(k) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(k)) is amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting 
        ``Acceptance of Program Benefits Through Online 
        Transactions'',
            (2) in paragraph (4) by striking subparagraph (C), 
        and
            (3) by striking paragraph (5).

SEC. 4002. RE-EVALUATION OF THRIFTY FOOD PLAN.

    Section 3(u) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2012(u)) is amended by inserting after the 1st sentence 
the following:
``By 2022 and at 5-year intervals thereafter, the Secretary 
shall re-evaluate and publish the market baskets of the thrifty 
food plan based on current food prices, food composition data, 
consumption patterns, and dietary guidance.''.

SEC. 4003. FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 4(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(4) Administrative costs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), the Secretary shall pay not less than 80 
                percent of administrative costs and 
                distribution costs on Indian reservations as 
                the Secretary determines necessary for 
                effective administration of such distribution 
                by a State agency or tribal organization.
                    ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary shall waive up 
                to 100 percent of the non-Federal share of the 
                costs described in subparagraph (A) if the 
                Secretary determines that--
                            ``(i) the tribal organization is 
                        financially unable to provide a greater 
                        non-Federal share of the costs; or
                            ``(ii) providing a greater non-
                        Federal share of the costs would be a 
                        substantial burden for the tribal 
                        organization.
                    ``(C) Limitation.--The Secretary may not 
                reduce any benefits or services under the food 
                distribution program on Indian reservations 
                under this subsection to any tribal 
                organization that is granted a waiver under 
                subparagraph (B).
                    ``(D) Tribal contribution.--The Secretary 
                may allow a tribal organization to use funds 
                provided to the tribal organization through a 
                Federal agency or other Federal benefit to 
                satisfy all or part of the non-Federal share of 
                the costs described in subparagraph (A) if that 
                use is otherwise consistent with the purpose of 
                the funds.'',
            (2) in paragraph (6)--
                    (A) in the heading by striking ``locally-
                grown'' and inserting ``locally- and 
                regionally-grown'',
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking 
                ``locally-grown'' and inserting ``locally- and 
                regionally-grown'',
                    (C) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) in the heading by striking 
                        ``locally grown'' and inserting 
                        ``locally- and regionally-grown'', and
                            (ii) by striking ``locally-grown'' 
                        and inserting ``locally- and 
                        regionally-grown'',
                    (D) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(D) Purchase of foods.--In carrying out 
                this paragraph, the Secretary shall purchase or 
                offer to purchase those traditional foods that 
                may be procured cost-effectively.'',
                    (E) by striking subparagraph (E), and
                    (F) in subparagraph (F)--
                            (i) by striking ``(F)'' and 
                        inserting ``(E)'', and
                            (ii) by striking ``2018'' and 
                        inserting ``2023'', and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Availability of funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Funds made available for 
                a fiscal year to carry out this subsection 
                shall remain available for obligation for a 
                period of 2 fiscal years.
                    ``(B) Administrative costs.--Funds made 
                available for a fiscal year to carry out 
                paragraph (4) shall remain available for 
                obligation by the State agency or tribal 
                organization for a period of 2 fiscal years.''.
    (b) Demonstration Project for Tribal Organizations.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Demonstration project.--The term 
                ``demonstration project'' means the 
                demonstration project established under 
                paragraph (2).
                    (B) Food distribution program.--The term 
                ``food distribution program'' means the food 
                distribution program on Indian reservations 
                carried out under section 4(b) of the Food and 
                Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)).
                    (C) Indian reservation.--The term ``Indian 
                reservation'' has the meaning given the term 
                ``reservation'' in section 3 of the Food and 
                Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012).
                    (D) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian 
                tribe'' has the meaning given the term in 
                section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
                Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
                    (E) Self-determination contract.--The term 
                ``self-determination contract'' has the meaning 
                given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
                Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
                U.S.C. 5304).
                    (F) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal 
                organization'' has the meaning given the term 
                in section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
                2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012).
            (2) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations, the Secretary shall establish a 
        demonstration project under which 1 or more tribal 
        organizations may enter into self-determination 
        contracts to purchase agricultural commodities under 
        the food distribution program for the Indian 
        reservation of that tribal organization.
            (3) Eligibility.--
                    (A) Consultation.--The Secretary shall 
                consult with the Secretary of the Interior and 
                Indian tribes to determine the process and 
                criteria under which a tribal organization may 
                participate in the demonstration project.
                    (B) Criteria.--The Secretary shall select 
                for participation in the demonstration project 
                tribal organizations that--
                            (i) are successfully administering 
                        the food distribution program of the 
                        tribal organization under section 
                        4(b)(2)(B) of the Food and Nutrition 
                        Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)(2)(B)),
                            (ii) have the capacity to purchase 
                        agricultural commodities in accordance 
                        with paragraph (4) for the food 
                        distribution program of the tribal 
                        organization, and
                            (iii) meet any other criteria 
                        determined by the Secretary, in 
                        consultation with the Secretary of the 
                        Interior and Indian tribes.
            (4) Procurement of agricultural commodities.--Any 
        agricultural commodities purchased by a tribal 
        organization under the demonstration project shall--
                    (A) be domestically produced,
                    (B) supplant, not supplement, the type of 
                agricultural commodities in existing food 
                packages for that tribal organization,
                    (C) be of similar or higher nutritional 
                value as the type of agricultural commodities 
                that would be supplanted in the existing food 
                package for that tribal organization, and
                    (D) meet any other criteria determined by 
                the Secretary.
            (5) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        on which funds are appropriated under paragraph (6) and 
        annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report 
        describing the activities carried out under the 
        demonstration project during the preceding year.
            (6) Funding.--
                    (A) Authorization of appropriations.--There 
                is authorized to be appropriated to the 
                Secretary to carry out this subsection 
                $5,000,000, to remain available until expended.
                    (B) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds 
                appropriated under subparagraph (A) in advance 
                specifically to carry out this subsection shall 
                be available to carry out this subsection.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 3(v) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(v)) is amended by striking 
``the Indian Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(b))'' and 
inserting ``section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304)''.

SEC. 4004. SIMPLIFIED HOMELESS HOUSING COSTS.

    Section 5(e)(6)(D) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2014(e)(6)(D)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii), 
        and
            (2) by striking clause (i) and inserting the 
        following:
                            ``(i) Alternative deduction.--The 
                        State agency shall allow a deduction of 
                        $143 a month for households--
                                    ``(I) in which all members 
                                are homeless individuals;
                                    ``(II) that are not 
                                receiving free shelter 
                                throughout the month; and
                                    ``(III) that do not opt to 
                                claim an excess shelter expense 
                                deduction under subparagraph 
                                (A).
                            ``(ii) Adjustment.--For fiscal year 
                        2019 and each subsequent fiscal year 
                        the amount of the homeless shelter 
                        deduction specified in clause (i) shall 
                        be adjusted to reflect changes for the 
                        12-month period ending the preceding 
                        November 30 in the Consumer Price Index 
                        for All Urban Consumers published by 
                        the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the 
                        Department of Labor.''.

SEC. 4005. EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING FOR SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION 
                    ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Employment and Training Programs That Meet State and 
Local Workforce Needs.--Section 6(d)(4) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015(d)(4)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) in clause (i)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, in 
                        consultation with the State workforce 
                        development board, or, if the State 
                        demonstrates that consultation with 
                        private employers or employer 
                        organizations would be more effective 
                        or efficient, in consultation with 
                        private employers or employer 
                        organizations,'' after ``designed by 
                        the State agency'', and
                            (ii) by striking ``that will 
                        increase their ability to obtain 
                        regular employment.'' and inserting the 
                        following: ``that will--
                                    ``(I) increase the ability 
                                of the household members to 
                                obtain regular employment; and
                                    ``(II) meet State or local 
                                workforce needs.'', and
                    (B) in clause (ii) by inserting ``and 
                implemented to meet the purposes of clause 
                (i)'' after ``under this paragraph'',
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                inserting ``case management services such as 
                comprehensive intake assessments, 
                individualized service plans, progress 
                monitoring, or coordination with service 
                providers and'' after ``contains'',
                    (B) in clause (iv) by redesignating 
                subclauses (I) and (II) as items (aa) and (bb), 
                respectively, and indenting appropriately,
                    (C) by redesignating clauses (i) through 
                (vii) and clause (viii) as subclauses (I) 
                through (VII) and subclause (IX), respectively, 
                and indenting appropriately,
                    (D) by striking subclause (I), as so 
                redesignated, and inserting the following:
                                    ``(I) Supervised job search 
                                programs that occur at State-
                                approved locations at which the 
                                activities of participants 
                                shall be directly supervised 
                                and the timing and activities 
                                of participants tracked in 
                                accordance with guidelines 
                                issued by the State.'',
                    (E) in subclause (II), as so redesignated, 
                by striking ``jobs skills assessments, job 
                finding clubs, training in techniques for'' and 
                inserting ``employability assessments, training 
                in techniques to increase'',
                    (F) in subclause (IV), as so redesignated, 
                in the first sentence, by inserting ``, 
                including subsidized employment and 
                apprenticeships'' before the period at the end,
                    (G) in subclause (VII), as so redesignated, 
                by inserting ``not less than 30 days but'' 
                after ``period of'',
                    (H) by inserting after subclause (VII), as 
                so redesignated, the following:
                                    ``(VIII) Programs and 
                                activities under clause (iv) of 
                                section 16(h)(1)(F) that the 
                                Secretary determines, based on 
                                results from the independent 
                                evaluations conducted under 
                                clause (vii)(I) of such 
                                section, have the most 
                                demonstrable impact on the 
                                ability of participants to find 
                                and retain employment that 
                                leads to increased household 
                                income and reduced reliance on 
                                public assistance.'',
                    (I) in the matter preceding subclause (I), 
                as so redesignated--
                            (i) by striking ``this 
                        subparagraph'' and inserting ``this 
                        clause'', and
                            (ii) by striking ``(B) For purposes 
                        of this Act, an'' and inserting the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) Definitions.--In this Act:
                            ``(i) Employment and training 
                        program.--The term'', and
                    (J) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ii) Workforce partnership.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The term 
                                `workforce partnership' means a 
                                program that--
                                            ``(aa) is operated 
                                        by--
                                                    ``(AA) a 
                                                private 
                                                employer, an 
                                                organization 
                                                representing 
                                                private 
                                                employers, or a 
                                                nonprofit 
                                                organization 
                                                providing 
                                                services 
                                                relating to 
                                                workforce 
                                                development; or
                                                    ``(BB) an 
                                                entity 
                                                identified as 
                                                an eligible 
                                                provider of 
                                                training 
                                                services under 
                                                section 122(d) 
                                                of the 
                                                Workforce 
                                                Innovation and 
                                                Opportunity Act 
                                                (29 U.S.C. 
                                                3152(d));
                                            ``(bb) the 
                                        Secretary certifies, or 
                                        the State agency 
                                        certifies to the 
                                        Secretary--
                                                    ``(AA) 
                                                subject to 
                                                subparagraph 
                                                (N)(ii), would 
                                                assist 
                                                participants 
                                                who are members 
                                                of households 
                                                participating 
                                                in the 
                                                supplemental 
                                                nutrition 
                                                assistance 
                                                program in 
                                                gaining high-
                                                quality, work-
                                                relevant 
                                                skills, 
                                                training, work, 
                                                or experience 
                                                that will 
                                                increase the 
                                                ability of the 
                                                participants to 
                                                obtain regular 
                                                employment;
                                                    ``(BB) 
                                                subject to 
                                                subparagraph 
                                                (N)(ii), would 
                                                provide 
                                                participants 
                                                with not less 
                                                than 20 hours 
                                                per week of 
                                                training, work, 
                                                or experience 
                                                under subitem 
                                                (AA);
                                                    ``(CC) 
                                                would not use 
                                                any funds 
                                                authorized to 
                                                be appropriated 
                                                by this Act;
                                                    ``(DD) 
                                                would provide 
                                                sufficient 
                                                information, on 
                                                request by the 
                                                State agency, 
                                                for the State 
                                                agency to 
                                                determine that 
                                                participants 
                                                who are members 
                                                of households 
                                                participating 
                                                in the 
                                                supplemental 
                                                nutrition 
                                                assistance 
                                                program are 
                                                fulfilling any 
                                                applicable work 
                                                requirement 
                                                under this 
                                                subsection or 
                                                subsection (o);
                                                    ``(EE) 
                                                would be 
                                                willing to 
                                                serve as a 
                                                reference for 
                                                participants 
                                                who are members 
                                                of households 
                                                participating 
                                                in the 
                                                supplemental 
                                                nutrition 
                                                assistance 
                                                program for 
                                                future 
                                                employment or 
                                                work-related 
                                                programs; and
                                                    ``(FF) 
                                                meets any other 
                                                criteria 
                                                established by 
                                                the Secretary, 
                                                on the 
                                                condition that 
                                                the Secretary 
                                                shall not 
                                                establish any 
                                                additional 
                                                criteria that 
                                                would impose 
                                                significant 
                                                paperwork 
                                                burdens on the 
                                                workforce 
                                                partnership; 
                                                and
                                            ``(cc) is in 
                                        compliance with the 
                                        Fair Labor Standards 
                                        Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 
                                        201 et seq.), if 
                                        applicable.
                                    ``(II) Inclusion.--The term 
                                `workforce partnership' 
                                includes a multistate 
                                program.'',
            (3) in subparagraph (E)--
                    (A) in the second sentence, by striking 
                ``Such requirements'' and inserting the 
                following:
                            ``(ii) Variation.--The requirements 
                        under clause (i)'',
                    (B) by striking ``(E) Each State'' and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(E) Requirements for participation for 
                certain individuals.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each State'', 
                        and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) Application to workforce 
                        partnerships.--To the extent that a 
                        State agency requires an individual to 
                        participate in an employment and 
                        training program, the State agency 
                        shall consider an individual 
                        participating in a workforce 
                        partnership to be in compliance with 
                        the employment and training 
                        requirements.'',
            (4) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``(B)(v)'' and 
        inserting ``(B)(i)(V)'', and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(N) Workforce partnerships.--
                            ``(i) Certification.--In certifying 
                        that a program meets the requirements 
                        of subitems (AA) and (BB) of 
                        subparagraph (B)(ii)(I)(bb) to be 
                        certified as a workforce partnership, 
                        the Secretary or the State agency shall 
                        require that the program submit to the 
                        Secretary or State agency sufficient 
                        information that describes--
                                    ``(I) the services and 
                                activities of the program that 
                                would provide participants with 
                                not less than 20 hours per week 
                                of training, work, or 
                                experience under those 
                                subitems; and
                                    ``(II) how the program 
                                would provide services and 
                                activities described in 
                                subclause (I) that would 
                                directly enhance the 
                                employability or job readiness 
                                of the participant.
                            ``(ii) Supplement, not supplant.--A 
                        State agency may use a workforce 
                        partnership to supplement, not to 
                        supplant, the employment and training 
                        program of the State agency.
                            ``(iii) Participation.--A State 
                        agency--
                                    ``(I) shall--
                                            ``(aa) maintain a 
                                        list of workforce 
                                        partnerships certified 
                                        under subparagraph 
                                        (B)(ii)(I)(bb); and
                                            ``(bb) not less 
                                        frequently than at 
                                        certification and 
                                        recertification, 
                                        provide to a household 
                                        member subject to work 
                                        requirements under 
                                        subsection (d)(1) or 
                                        subsection (o), 
                                        electronically or by 
                                        other means, the list 
                                        described in item (aa); 
                                        but
                                    ``(II) may not require any 
                                member of a household 
                                participating in the 
                                supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program to 
                                participate in a workforce 
                                partnership.
                            ``(iv) Effect.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--A 
                                workforce partnership shall not 
                                replace the employment or 
                                training of an individual not 
                                participating in the workforce 
                                partnership.
                                    ``(II) Selection.--Nothing 
                                in this subsection or 
                                subsection (o) affects the 
                                criteria or screening process 
                                for selecting participants by a 
                                workforce partnership.
                            ``(v) Limitation on reporting 
                        requirements.--In carrying out this 
                        subparagraph, the Secretary and each 
                        applicable State agency shall limit the 
                        reporting requirements of a workforce 
                        partnership to--
                                    ``(I) on notification that 
                                an individual is receiving 
                                supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program benefits, 
                                notifying the applicable State 
                                agency that the individual is 
                                participating in the workforce 
                                partnership;
                                    ``(II) identifying 
                                participants who have completed 
                                or are no longer participating 
                                in the workforce partnership;
                                    ``(III) identifying changes 
                                to the workforce partnership 
                                that result in the workforce 
                                partnership no longer meeting 
                                the certification requirements 
                                of the Secretary or the State 
                                agency under subparagraph 
                                (B)(ii)(I)(bb); and
                                    ``(IV) providing sufficient 
                                information, on request by the 
                                State agency, for the State 
                                agency to verify that a 
                                participant is fulfilling any 
                                applicable work requirements 
                                under this subsection or 
                                subsection (o).
                    ``(O) Referral of certain individuals.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In accordance 
                        with such regulations as may be issued 
                        by the Secretary, with respect to any 
                        individual who is not eligible for an 
                        exemption under paragraph (2) and who 
                        is determined by the operator of an 
                        employment and training program 
                        component to be ill-suited to 
                        participate in that employment and 
                        training program component, the State 
                        agency shall--
                                    ``(I) refer the individual 
                                to an appropriate employment 
                                and training program component;
                                    ``(II) refer the individual 
                                to an appropriate workforce 
                                partnership, if available;
                                    ``(III) reassess the 
                                physical and mental fitness of 
                                the individual under paragraph 
                                (1)(A); or
                                    ``(IV) to the maximum 
                                extent practicable, coordinate 
                                with other Federal, State, or 
                                local workforce or assistance 
                                programs to identify work 
                                opportunities or assistance for 
                                the individual.
                            ``(ii) Process.--In carrying out 
                        clause (i), the State agency shall 
                        ensure that an individual undergoing 
                        and complying with the process 
                        established under that clause shall not 
                        be found to have refused without good 
                        cause to participate in an employment 
                        and training program.''.
    (b) Work Requirements.--Section 6(o) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015(o)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end,
                    (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``job 
                search program or a job search training 
                program.'' and inserting ``supervised job 
                search program or job search training 
                program;'', and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) a program of employment and training 
                for veterans operated by the Department of 
                Labor or the Department of Veterans Affairs, 
                and approved by the Secretary; and
                    ``(E) a workforce partnership under 
                subsection (d)(4)(N).'',
            (2) in paragraph (4)(A) by inserting ``and with the 
        support of the chief executive officer of the State'' 
        after ``agency'', and
            (3) in paragraph (6)--
                    (A) in the heading by striking ``15-percent 
                exemption'' and inserting ``Exemptions'',
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``(G)'' 
                and inserting ``(H)'',
                    (C) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``(E) 
                and (G)'' and inserting ``(F) and (H)'' ,
                    (D) in subparagraph (D)--
                            (i) in the heading by striking 
                        ``Subsequent fiscal years'' and 
                        inserting ``Fiscal years 1999 through 
                        2019'',
                            (ii) by striking ``(E) through 
                        (G)'' and inserting ``(F) through 
                        (H)'', and
                            (iii) by striking ``year,'' and 
                        inserting ``year through fiscal year 
                        2019,'',
                    (E) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``or 
                (D)'' and inserting ``, (D), or (E)'',
                    (F) by redesignating subparagraphs (E), 
                (F), and (G) as subparagraphs (F), (G), and 
                (H), respectively, and
                    (G) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                following:
                    ``(E) Subsequent fiscal years.--Subject to 
                subparagraphs (F) through (H), for fiscal year 
                2020 and each subsequent fiscal year, a State 
                agency may provide a number of exemptions such 
                that the average monthly number of exemptions 
                in effect during the fiscal year does not 
                exceed 12 percent of the number of covered 
                individuals in the State, as estimated by the 
                Secretary under subparagraph (C), adjusted by 
                the Secretary to reflect changes in the State's 
                caseload and the Secretary's estimate of 
                changes in the proportion of members of 
                households that receive supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program benefits covered by waivers 
                granted under paragraph (4).''.
    (c) State Plans.--Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(19) by inserting ``the extent 
        to which such programs will be carried out in 
        coordination with the activities carried out under 
        title I of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act 
        (29 U.S.C. 3111 et seq.),'' before ``and the basis,'', 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(w) For households containing at least one adult, with no 
elderly or disabled members and with no earned income at their 
last certification or required report, a State agency shall, at 
the time of recertification, be required to advise members of 
the household not exempt under section 6(d)(2) regarding 
available employment and training services.''.
    (d) Funding of Employment and Training Programs.--Section 
16(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(h)) 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking 
                ``$90,000,000'' and inserting ``$103,900,000'',
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) in clause (i) by inserting ``, 
                        subject to clauses (ii) through (v),'' 
                        after ``(B), the Secretary'', and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(iv) Priority.--The Secretary 
                        shall reallocate funds under this 
                        subparagraph as follows:
                                    ``(I)(aa) Subject to items 
                                (bb) and (cc), not less than 50 
                                percent shall be reallocated to 
                                State agencies requesting such 
                                funds to conduct employment and 
                                training programs and 
                                activities for which such State 
                                agencies had previously 
                                received funding under 
                                subparagraph (F)(viii) that the 
                                Secretary determines have the 
                                most demonstrable impact on the 
                                ability of participants to find 
                                and retain employment that 
                                leads to increased household 
                                income and reduced reliance on 
                                public assistance.
                                    ``(bb) The Secretary shall 
                                base the determination under 
                                item (aa) on--
                                            ``(AA) project 
                                        results from the 
                                        independent evaluations 
                                        conducted under 
                                        subparagraph 
                                        (F)(vii)(I); or
                                            ``(BB) if the 
                                        project results from 
                                        the independent 
                                        evaluations conducted 
                                        under subparagraph 
                                        (F)(vii)(I) are not yet 
                                        available, the reports 
                                        under subparagraph 
                                        (F)(vii)(II) or other 
                                        information relating to 
                                        performance of the 
                                        programs and activities 
                                        funded under 
                                        subparagraph (F)(viii).
                                    ``(cc) Employment and 
                                training activities funded 
                                under this subclause are not 
                                subject to subparagraph 
                                (F)(vii), but are subject to 
                                monitoring under paragraph 
                                (h)(5).
                                    ``(II) Not less than 30 
                                percent shall be reallocated to 
                                State agencies requesting such 
                                funds to implement or continue 
                                employment and training 
                                programs and activities under 
                                section 6(d)(4)(B)(i) that the 
                                Secretary determines have the 
                                most demonstrable impact on the 
                                ability of participants to find 
                                and retain employment that 
                                leads to increased household 
                                income and reduced reliance on 
                                public assistance, including 
                                programs and activities that 
                                are targeted to--
                                            ``(aa) individuals 
                                        50 years of age or 
                                        older;
                                            ``(bb) formerly 
                                        incarcerated 
                                        individuals;
                                            ``(cc) individuals 
                                        participating in a 
                                        substance abuse 
                                        treatment program;
                                            ``(dd) homeless 
                                        individuals;
                                            ``(ee) people with 
                                        disabilities seeking to 
                                        enter the workforce;
                                            ``(ff) other 
                                        individuals with 
                                        substantial barriers to 
                                        employment; or
                                            ``(gg) households 
                                        facing multi-
                                        generational poverty, 
                                        to support employment 
                                        and workforce 
                                        participation through 
                                        an integrated and 
                                        family-focused approach 
                                        in providing supportive 
                                        services.
                                    ``(III) The Secretary shall 
                                reallocate any remaining funds 
                                available under this 
                                subparagraph, to State agencies 
                                requesting such funds to use 
                                for employment and training 
                                programs and activities that 
                                the Secretary determines have 
                                the most demonstrable impact on 
                                the ability of participants to 
                                find and retain employment that 
                                leads to increased household 
                                income and reduced reliance on 
                                public assistance under section 
                                6(d)(4)(B)(i).
                            ``(v) Consideration.--In 
                        reallocating funds under this 
                        subparagraph, a State agency that 
                        receives reallocated funds under clause 
                        (iv)(I) may also be considered for 
                        reallocated funding under clause 
                        (iv)(II).'', and
                    (C) in subparagraph (D) by striking 
                ``$50,000'' and inserting ``$100,000'', and
            (2) in paragraph (5)(B) by adding at the end the 
        following:
                            ``(v) State option.--The State 
                        agency may report relevant data from a 
                        workforce partnership carried out under 
                        section 6(d)(4)(N) to demonstrate the 
                        number of program participants served 
                        by the workforce partnership.''.
    (e) Expired Authority.--Section 17(b) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2), and
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
        (2).

SEC. 4006. IMPROVEMENTS TO ELECTRONIC BENEFIT TRANSFER SYSTEM.

    (a) EBT Portability.--Section 7(f)(5) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(f)(5)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Operation of individual point of sale 
                device by farmers' markets and direct marketing 
                farmers.--A farmers' market or direct marketing 
                farmer that is exempt under paragraph (2)(B)(i) 
                shall be allowed to operate an individual 
                electronic benefit transfer point of sale 
                device at more than 1 location under the same 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                authorization, if--
                            ``(i) the farmers' market or direct 
                        marketing farmer provides to the 
                        Secretary information on location and 
                        hours of operation at each location; 
                        and
                            ``(ii)(I) the point of sale device 
                        used by the farmers' market or direct 
                        marketing farmer is capable of 
                        providing location information of the 
                        device through the electronic benefit 
                        transfer system; or
                            ``(II) if the Secretary determines 
                        that the technology is not available 
                        for a point of sale device to meet the 
                        requirement under subclause (I), the 
                        farmers' market or direct marketing 
                        farmer provides to the Secretary any 
                        other information, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, necessary to ensure the 
                        integrity of transactions processed 
                        using the point of sale device.''.
    (b) Modernization of Electronic Benefit Transfer 
Regulations.--The 1st sentence of section 7(h)(2) of the Food 
and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(2)) is amended by 
inserting ``and shall periodically review such regulations and 
modify such regulations to take into account evolving 
technology and comparable industry standards'' before the 
period at the end.
    (c) Benefit Recovery.--Section 7(h)(12) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(12)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``, or due to 
        the death of all members of the household'' after 
        ``inactivity'', and
            (2) by striking subparagraphs (B) and (C) and 
        inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Benefit storage.--
                            ``(i) In general.--A State agency 
                        may store recovered electronic benefits 
                        off-line in accordance with clause 
                        (ii), if the household has not accessed 
                        the account after 3 months.
                            ``(ii) Notice of benefit storage.--
                        A State agency shall--
                                    ``(I) send notice to a 
                                household the benefits of which 
                                are stored under clause (i); 
                                and
                                    ``(II) not later than 48 
                                hours after request by the 
                                household, make the stored 
                                benefits available to the 
                                household.
                    ``(C) Benefit expunging.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to 
                        clause (ii), a State agency shall 
                        expunge benefits that have not been 
                        accessed by a household after a period 
                        of 9 months, or upon verification that 
                        all members of the household are 
                        deceased.
                            ``(ii) Notice of benefit 
                        expunging.--Not later than 30 days 
                        before benefits are to be expunged 
                        under clause (i), a State agency 
                        shall--
                                    ``(I) provide sufficient 
                                notice to the household that 
                                benefits will be expunged due 
                                to inactivity, and the date 
                                upon which benefits will be 
                                expunged;
                                    ``(II) for benefits stored 
                                off-line in accordance with 
                                subparagraph (B), provide the 
                                household an opportunity to 
                                request that such benefits be 
                                restored to the household; and
                                    ``(III) not later than 48 
                                hours after request by the 
                                household, make the benefits 
                                available to the household.''.
    (d) Prohibited Fees.--Section 7 of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016) is amended--
            (1) by amending subsection (h)(13) to read as 
        follows:
            ``(13) Fees.--
                    ``(A) Interchange fees.--No interchange 
                fees shall apply to electronic benefit transfer 
                transactions under this subsection.
                    ``(B) Other fees.--Effective through fiscal 
                year 2023, neither a State, nor any agent, 
                contractor, or subcontractor of a State who 
                facilitates the provision of supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program benefits in such 
                State may impose a fee for switching (as 
                defined in subsection (j)(1)(H)) or routing 
                such benefits.'', and
            (2) by amending subsection (j)(1)(H) to read as 
        follows:
                    ``(H) Switching.--The term `switching' 
                means the routing of an intrastate or 
                interstate transaction that consists of 
                transmitting the details of a transaction 
                electronically recorded through the use of an 
                electronic benefit transfer card in one State 
                to the issuer of the card that may be in the 
                same or different State.''.
    (e) Mobile Technologies.--Section 7(h)(14) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(14)) is amended--
            (1) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
        follows:
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), the Secretary shall authorize the use of 
                mobile technologies for the purpose of 
                accessing supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program benefits.'',
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) by striking the heading and inserting 
                ``Demonstration projects on access of benefits 
                through mobile technologies'',
                    (B) by amending clause (i) to read as 
                follows:
                            ``(i) Demonstration projects.--
                        Before authorizing implementation of 
                        subparagraph (A) in all States, the 
                        Secretary shall approve not more than 5 
                        demonstration project proposals 
                        submitted by State agencies that will 
                        pilot the use of mobile technologies 
                        for supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program benefits access.'',
                    (C) in clause (ii)--
                            (i) in the heading by striking 
                        ``Demonstration projects'' and 
                        inserting ``Project requirements'',
                            (ii) by striking ``retail food 
                        store'' the first place it appears and 
                        inserting ``State agency'',
                            (iii) by striking ``includes'',
                            (iv) by striking subclauses (I), 
                        (II), (III), and (IV), and inserting 
                        the following:
                                    ``(I) provides recipient 
                                protections regarding privacy, 
                                ease of use, household access 
                                to benefits, and support 
                                similar to the protections 
                                provided under existing 
                                methods;
                                    ``(II) ensures that all 
                                recipients, including those 
                                without access to mobile 
                                payment technology and those 
                                who shop across State borders, 
                                have a means of benefit access;
                                    ``(III) requires retail 
                                food stores, unless exempt 
                                under section 7(f)(2)(B), to 
                                bear the costs of acquiring and 
                                arranging for the 
                                implementation of point-of-sale 
                                equipment and supplies for the 
                                redemption of benefits that are 
                                accessed through mobile 
                                technologies;
                                    ``(IV) requires that foods 
                                purchased with benefits issued 
                                under this section through 
                                mobile technologies are 
                                purchased at a price not higher 
                                than the price of the same food 
                                purchased by other methods used 
                                by the retail food store, as 
                                determined by the Secretary;
                                    ``(V) ensures adequate 
                                documentation for each 
                                authorized transaction, 
                                adequate security measures to 
                                deter fraud, and adequate 
                                access to retail food stores 
                                that accept benefits accessed 
                                through mobile technologies, as 
                                determined by the Secretary;
                                    ``(VI) provides for an 
                                evaluation of the demonstration 
                                project, including, but not 
                                limited to, an evaluation of 
                                household access to benefits;
                                    ``(VII) requires that the 
                                State demonstration projects 
                                are voluntary for all retail 
                                food stores and that all 
                                recipients are able to use 
                                benefits in non-participating 
                                retail food stores; and
                                    ``(VIII) meets other 
                                criteria as established by the 
                                Secretary.'',
                    (D) by amending clause (iii) to read as 
                follows:
                            ``(iv) Date of project approval.--
                        The Secretary shall solicit and approve 
                        the qualifying demonstration projects 
                        required under subparagraph (B)(i) not 
                        later than January 1, 2021.'', and
                    (E) by inserting after clause (ii) the 
                following:
                            ``(iii) Priority.--The Secretary 
                        may prioritize demonstration project 
                        proposals that would--
                                    ``(I) reduce fraud;
                                    ``(II) encourage positive 
                                nutritional outcomes; and
                                    ``(III) meet such other 
                                criteria as determined by the 
                                Secretary.'', and
            (3) in subparagraph (C)(i)--
                    (A) by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
                ``2022'', and
                    (B) by inserting ``requires further study 
                by way of an extended pilot period or'' after 
                ``States'' the 2d place it appears.
    (f) Approval of Retail Food Stores.--Section 9 of the Food 
and Nutrition Act (7 U.S.C. 2018) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in the 4th sentence by striking ``No 
                retail food store'' and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(D) Visit required.--No retail food 
                store'',
                    (B) in the 3d sentence by striking 
                ``Approval'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) Certificate.--Approval'',
                    (C) in the 2d sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``food; and (D) 
                        the'' and inserting the following: 
                        ``food;
                            ``(iv) any information, if 
                        available, about the ability of the 
                        anticipated or existing electronic 
                        benefit transfer equipment and service 
                        provider of the applicant to provide 
                        sufficient information through the 
                        electronic benefit transfer system to 
                        minimize the risk of fraudulent 
                        transactions; and
                            ``(v) the'',
                            (ii) by striking ``concern; (C) 
                        whether'' and inserting the following: 
                        ``concern;
                            ``(iii) whether'',
                            (iii) by striking ``applicant; (B) 
                        the'' and inserting the following: 
                        ``applicant;
                            ``(ii) the'',
                            (iv) by striking ``following: (A) 
                        the nature'' and inserting the 
                        following: ``following:
                            ``(i) the nature'', and
                            (v) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), as so designated, by striking ``In 
                        determining'' and inserting the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) Factors for consideration.--In 
                determining'', and
                    (D) in the 1st sentence by striking 
                ``(a)(1) Regulations'' and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(a) Authorization to Accept and Redeem Benefits.--
            ``(1) Applications.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Regulations'',
            (2) in subsection (a) by adding at the end the 
        following:
            ``(4) Electronic benefit transfer equipment and 
        service providers.--Before implementing clause (iv) of 
        paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall issue guidance 
        for retail food stores on how to select electronic 
        benefit transfer equipment and service providers that 
        are able to meet the requirements of that clause.'', 
        and
            (3) in the 1st sentence of subsection (c) by 
        inserting ``records relating to electronic benefit 
        transfer equipment and related services, transaction 
        and redemption data provided through the electronic 
        benefit transfer system,'' after ``purchase 
        invoices,''.

SEC. 4007. REVIEW OF SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM 
                    OPERATIONS.

    Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2018) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Review of Program Operations.--
            ``(1) Review by the secretary.--The Secretary--
                    ``(A) shall review a representative sample 
                of currently authorized facilities referred to 
                in section 3(k)(3) to determine whether 
                benefits are properly used by or on behalf of 
                participating households residing in such 
                facilities and whether such facilities are 
                using more than 1 source of Federal or State 
                funding to meet the food needs of residents;
                    ``(B) may carry out similar reviews for 
                currently participating residential drug and 
                alcohol treatment and rehabilitation programs, 
                and group living arrangements for the blind and 
                disabled, referred to in section 3(k);
                    ``(C) shall gather information, and such 
                facilities, programs, and arrangements shall be 
                required to submit information deemed necessary 
                for a full and thorough review; and
                    ``(D) shall report the results of these 
                reviews to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
                Senate not later than 18 months after the date 
                of the enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
                Act of 2018, along with recommendations 
                regarding--
                            ``(i) any additional requirements 
                        or oversight that would be appropriate 
                        for such facilities, programs, and 
                        arrangements; and
                            ``(ii) whether such facilities, 
                        programs, and arrangements should 
                        continue to be authorized to 
                        participate in the supplemental 
                        nutrition assistance program.
            ``(2) Limitation.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        authorize the Secretary to deny any application for 
        continued authorization, any application for 
        authorization, or any request to withdraw the 
        authorization of any such facility, program, or 
        arrangement based on a determination that residents of 
        any such facility or entity are residents of an 
        institution for a period of 18 months from the date of 
        enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
        2018.''.

SEC. 4008. RETAIL INCENTIVES.

    Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2018), as amended by section 4007, is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(j) Incentives.--
            ``(1) Definition of eligible incentive food.--In 
        this subsection, the term `eligible incentive food' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a staple food that is identified for 
                increased consumption, consistent with the most 
                recent dietary recommendations; and
                    ``(B) a fruit, vegetable, dairy, whole 
                grain, or product thereof.
            ``(2) Guidance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                issue guidance to clarify the process by which 
                an approved retail food store may seek a waiver 
                to offer an incentive, which may be used only 
                for the purchase of an eligible incentive food 
                at the point of purchase, to a household 
                purchasing food with benefits issued under this 
                Act.
                    ``(B) Guidance.--The guidance under 
                subparagraph (A) shall establish a process 
                under which an approved retail food store, 
                prior to carrying out an incentive program 
                under this subsection, shall provide to the 
                Secretary information describing the incentive 
                program, including--
                            ``(i) the types of incentives that 
                        will be offered;
                            ``(ii) the types of foods that will 
                        be incentivized for purchase; and
                            ``(iii) an explanation of how the 
                        incentive program intends to support 
                        meeting dietary intake goals.
            ``(3) No limitation on benefits.--A waiver granted 
        under this subsection shall not be used to carry out 
        any activity that limits the use of benefits under this 
        Act or any other Federal nutrition law.
            ``(4) Effect.--Guidance provided under this 
        subsection shall not affect any requirements under 
        section 4405 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
        of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 7517), including the eligibility of a 
        retail food store to participate in a project funded 
        under such section.
            ``(5) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate an annual report 
        describing the types of incentives approved under this 
        subsection.''.

SEC. 4009. REQUIRED ACTION ON DATA MATCH INFORMATION.

    Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2020(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (24) by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon,
            (2) in paragraph (25) by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and'', and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(26) that for a household participating in the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program, the State 
        agency shall pursue clarification and verification, if 
        applicable, of information relating to the 
        circumstances of the household received from data 
        matches for the purpose of ensuring an accurate 
        eligibility and benefit determination, only if the 
        information--
                    ``(A) appears to present significantly 
                conflicting information from the information 
                that was used by the State agency at the time 
                of certification of the household;
                    ``(B) is obtained from data matches carried 
                out under subsection (q), (r), or (x); or
                    ``(C)(i) is less than 60 days old relative 
                to the current month of participation of the 
                household; and
                    ``(ii) if accurate, would have been 
                required to be reported by the household based 
                on the reporting requirements assigned to the 
                household by the State agency under section 
                6(c).''.

SEC. 4010. INCENTIVIZING TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION.

    Section 11(t) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2020(t)) is amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Grants 
        for Simplified Application and Eligibility 
        Determination Systems and Improved Access to 
        Benefits'',
            (2) in paragraph (1) by striking ``implement--'' 
        and all that follows through the period at the end, and 
        inserting ``implement supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program simplified application and eligibility 
        determination systems.'', and
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(B) establishing enhanced technological 
                methods that improve the administrative 
                infrastructure used in processing applications 
                and determining eligibility; or'',
                    (B) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D), 
                and
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as 
                subparagraph (C).

SEC. 4011. INTERSTATE DATA MATCHING TO PREVENT MULTIPLE ISSUANCES.

    Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020), as amended by section 4005(c), is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(x) National Accuracy Clearinghouse.--
            ``(1) Definition of indication of multiple 
        issuance.--In this subsection, the term `indication of 
        multiple issuance' means an indication, based on a 
        computer match, that supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program benefits are being issued to an individual by 
        more than 1 State agency simultaneously.
            ``(2) Establishment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                establish an interstate data system, to be 
                known as the `National Accuracy Clearinghouse', 
                to prevent multiple issuances of supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program benefits to an 
                individual by more than 1 State agency 
                simultaneously.
                    ``(B) Data matching.--The Secretary shall 
                require that State agencies make available to 
                the National Accuracy Clearinghouse only such 
                information as is necessary for the purpose 
                described in subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Data protection.--The information 
                made available by State agencies under 
                subparagraph (B)--
                            ``(i) shall be used only for the 
                        purpose described in subparagraph (A);
                            ``(ii) shall be exempt from the 
                        disclosure requirements of section 
                        552(a) of title 5 of the United States 
                        Code pursuant to section 552(b)(3) of 
                        title 5 of the United States Code, to 
                        the extent such information is obtained 
                        or received by the Secretary;
                            ``(iii) shall not be retained for 
                        longer than is necessary to accomplish 
                        the purpose in subparagraph (A);
                            ``(iv) shall be used in a manner 
                        that protects the identity and location 
                        of a vulnerable individual (including a 
                        victim of domestic violence) that is an 
                        applicant for, or recipient of, 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program benefits; and
                            ``(v) shall meet security standards 
                        as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Issuance of interim final regulations.--Not 
        later than 18 months after the date of enactment of the 
        Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary 
        shall promulgate regulations (which shall include 
        interim final regulations) to carry out this subsection 
        that--
                    ``(A) incorporate best practices and 
                lessons learned from the pilot program under 
                section 4032(c) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
                (7 U.S.C. 2036c(c));
                    ``(B) require a State agency to take 
                appropriate action, as determined by the 
                Secretary, with respect to each indication of 
                multiple issuance of supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program benefits, or each indication 
                that an individual receiving such benefits in 1 
                State has applied to receive such benefits in 
                another State, while ensuring timely and fair 
                service to applicants for, and recipients of, 
                such benefits;
                    ``(C) establish standards to limit and 
                protect the information submitted through or 
                retained by the National Accuracy Clearinghouse 
                consistent with paragraph (2)(C);
                    ``(D) establish safeguards to protect--
                            ``(i) the information submitted 
                        through or retained by the National 
                        Accuracy Clearinghouse, including by 
                        limiting the period of time that 
                        information is retained to the period 
                        necessary to accomplish the purpose 
                        described in paragraph (2)(A); and
                            ``(ii) the privacy of information 
                        that is submitted through or retained 
                        by the National Accuracy Clearinghouse 
                        consistent with subsection (e)(8); and
                    ``(E) include such other rules and 
                standards the Secretary determines appropriate 
                to carry out this subsection.
            ``(4) Timing.--The initial match and corresponding 
        actions required by paragraph (3)(B) shall occur within 
        3 years after the date of the enactment of the 
        Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018.''.

SEC. 4012. REQUIREMENT OF LIVE-PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENTS FOR CERTAIN 
                    PILOT PROJECTS RELATING TO COST SHARING FOR 
                    COMPUTERIZATION.

    Section 16(g)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2025(g)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (F) by redesignating clauses 
        (i) and (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively, 
        and indenting appropriately;
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (F) 
        as clauses (i) through (vi), respectively, and 
        indenting appropriately;
            (3) in the matter preceding clause (i), as so 
        redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``paragraphs (2) and (3)'' 
                and inserting ``paragraph (2)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``in the planning'' and 
                inserting the following: ``in the--
                    ``(A) planning'',
            (4) in clause (v), as so redesignated, of 
        subparagraph (A), as so designated, by striking 
        ``implementation, including through pilot projects in 
        limited areas for major systems changes as determined 
        under rules promulgated by the Secretary, data from 
        which'' and inserting the following: ``implementation, 
        including a requirement that--
                                    ``(I) such testing shall be 
                                accomplished through pilot 
                                projects in limited areas for 
                                major systems changes (as 
                                determined under rules 
                                promulgated by the Secretary);
                                    ``(II) each pilot project 
                                described in subclause (I) that 
                                is carried out before the 
                                implementation of a system 
                                shall be conducted in a live-
                                production environment; and
                                    ``(III) the data resulting 
                                from each pilot project carried 
                                out under this clause'';
            (5) in clause (vi), as so redesignated, by striking 
        the period at end and inserting ``; and'', and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) operation of 1 or more automatic data 
                processing and information retrieval systems 
                that the Secretary determines may continue to 
                be operated in accordance with clauses (i) 
                through (vii) of subparagraph (A).''.

SEC. 4013. QUALITY CONTROL IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) Records.--Section 11(a)(3)(B) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020(a)(3)(B)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Records described'' and inserting 
        ``All records, and the entire information systems in 
        which records are contained, that are covered'', and
            (2) by amending clause (i) to read as follows:
                            ``(i) be made available for 
                        inspection and audit by the Secretary, 
                        subject to data and security protocols 
                        agreed to by the State agency and 
                        Secretary;''.
    (b) Quality Control System.--Section 16(c)(1)(B) of the 
Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)(B)) is 
amended to read as follows:
                    ``(B) Quality control system integrity.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 
                        180 days after the date of enactment of 
                        the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
                        2018, the Secretary shall issue interim 
                        final regulations that--
                                    ``(I) ensure that the 
                                quality control system 
                                established under this 
                                subsection produces valid 
                                statistical results;
                                    ``(II) provide for 
                                oversight of contracts entered 
                                into by a State agency for the 
                                purpose of improving payment 
                                accuracy;
                                    ``(III) ensure the accuracy 
                                of data collected under the 
                                quality control system 
                                established under this 
                                subsection; and
                                    ``(IV) for each fiscal 
                                year, to the maximum extent 
                                practicable, provide for the 
                                evaluation of the integrity of 
                                the quality control process of 
                                not fewer than 2 State 
                                agencies, selected in 
                                accordance with criteria 
                                determined by the Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Debarment.--In accordance 
                        with the nonprocurement debarment 
                        procedures under part 417 of title 2, 
                        Code of Federal Regulations, or 
                        successor regulations, the Secretary 
                        shall debar any person that, in 
                        carrying out the quality control system 
                        established under this subsection, 
                        knowingly submits, or causes to be 
                        submitted, false information to the 
                        Secretary.''.
    (c) Reporting Requirements.--The 1st sentence of section 
16(c)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(c)(4)) is amended by inserting ``, including providing 
access to applicable State records and the entire information 
systems in which the records are contained,'' after 
``necessary''.
    (d) State Performance Indicators.--Section 16(d) of the 
Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``State 
        Performance Indicators'',
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the heading by striking ``and 
                thereafter'' and inserting ``through 2017'',
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and 
                each fiscal year thereafter'' and inserting 
                ``through fiscal year 2017'', and
                    (C) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and 
                each fiscal year thereafter'' and inserting 
                ``through fiscal year 2017'', and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Fiscal year 2018 and fiscal years 
        thereafter.--
                    ``(A) With respect to fiscal year 2018 and 
                each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary 
                shall establish, by regulation, performance 
                criteria relating to--
                            ``(i) actions taken to correct 
                        errors, reduce rates of error, and 
                        improve eligibility determinations; and
                            ``(ii) other indicators of 
                        effective administration determined by 
                        the Secretary.
                    ``(B) The Secretary shall not award 
                performance bonus payments to State agencies in 
                fiscal year 2019 for fiscal year 2018 
                performance.''.
    (e) Cost Sharing for Computerization.--Section 16(g)(1)(A) 
of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(g)(1)(A)), 
as amended by section 4012, is amended--
            (1) in clause (v)(III) by striking ``and'', and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(vii) would be accessible by the 
                        Secretary for inspection and audit 
                        under section 11(a)(3)(B); and''.

SEC. 4014. EVALUATION OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT COOPERATION 
                    REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2026) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(m) Evaluation of Child Support Enforcement Cooperation 
Requirements.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation 
        with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall 
        conduct an independent evaluation of a representative 
        sample of States--
                    ``(A) to assess the implementation and 
                impact of the eligibility requirements 
                described in subsections (l) through (n) of 
                section 6 in States that have formerly 
                implemented or continue to implement those 
                requirements, and the feasibility of 
                implementing those requirements in other 
                States;
                    ``(B) to assess the factors that 
                contributed to the decision of States that 
                formerly implemented the eligibility 
                requirements described in each of subsections 
                (l) through (n) of section 6 to cease such 
                implementation;
                    ``(C) to review alternatives to the 
                eligibility requirements described in each of 
                subsections (l) through (n) of section 6 that 
                are used by other States to assist participants 
                in the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program to make or receive child support 
                payments and the effectiveness of those 
                alternatives; and
                    ``(D) to evaluate the costs and benefits to 
                households and to State agencies, of requiring 
                State agencies to implement each of the 
                eligibility requirements described in 
                subsections (l) through (n) of section 6.
            ``(2) Evaluation.--The evaluation under paragraph 
        (1) shall include, to the maximum extent practicable, 
        an assessment of--
                    ``(A) the manner in which applicable State 
                agencies implement and enforce the eligibility 
                requirements described in subparagraph (A) of 
                such paragraph, including--
                            ``(i) the procedures used by each 
                        State to determine cooperation, to 
                        sanction participants for failure to 
                        cooperate, and to determine good cause 
                        for noncooperation under each of 
                        subsections (l) through (n) of section 
                        6; and
                            ``(ii) the manner in which each 
                        State aligns the procedures for 
                        implementing those eligibility 
                        requirements with procedures for 
                        implementing other Federal programs 
                        that require cooperation with child 
                        support enforcement, including the 
                        program of block grants to States for 
                        temporary assistance for needy families 
                        established under part A of title IV of 
                        the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 
                        et seq.), the Medicaid program under 
                        title XIX of the Social Security Act 
                        (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.), and programs 
                        carried out under the Child Care and 
                        Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 
                        U.S.C. 9857 et seq.);
                    ``(B) the Federal, State, and local costs 
                associated with implementing those eligibility 
                requirements, including costs incurred under 
                this Act and by child support enforcement 
                agencies for personnel, technology upgrades, 
                and other costs;
                    ``(C) the effect of those eligibility 
                requirements on the establishment of new child 
                support orders, the establishment of paternity, 
                changes in child support payments to custodial 
                households, and changes in arrears owed on 
                child support orders;
                    ``(D) with respect to the eligibility 
                requirements under each of subsections (l) 
                through (n) of section 6--
                            ``(i) the number of individuals 
                        subject to those requirements;
                            ``(ii) the number of individuals in 
                        each State who meet those requirements; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) the number of individuals 
                        in each State who fail to meet those 
                        requirements;
                    ``(E) the number of individuals in each 
                State for whom good cause for noncooperation 
                has been found under section 6(l)(2);
                    ``(F) the impact of those eligibility 
                requirements on the supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program eligibility, benefit levels, 
                food security, income, and economic stability 
                of--
                            ``(i) individuals subject to those 
                        requirements;
                            ``(ii) the household members of 
                        those individuals, including children; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) households with 
                        nontraditional family structures, 
                        including a household in which a 
                        grandparent is the primary caretaker of 
                        a grandchild of the grandparent.
            ``(3) State agency cooperation.--Each State agency 
        selected under paragraph (1) shall provide information 
        to the Secretary necessary to conduct the evaluation 
        under such paragraph.
            ``(4) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the 
        date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
        2018, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
        Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate a report describing the findings from the 
        evaluation conducted under paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 4015. LONGITUDINAL DATA FOR RESEARCH.

    (a) Longitudinal Data.--Section 17 of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026), as amended by section 
4014, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(n) Longitudinal Data for Research.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (3) 
        through (5), a State agency may, on approval by the 
        Secretary, establish a longitudinal database that 
        contains information about households and members of 
        households that receive benefits under the supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program in the State.
            ``(2) Purpose.--Each longitudinal database 
        established under paragraph (1) shall be used solely to 
        conduct research on participation in and the operation 
        of the supplemental nutrition assistance program, 
        including duration of participation in the program.
            ``(3) Requirements for databases.--Prior to the 
        approval of State agencies to establish longitudinal 
        databases under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) identify features that shall be 
                standard across States such as database format 
                to facilitate use of longitudinal databases 
                established under paragraph (1) for research 
                purposes;
                    ``(B) identify features of longitudinal 
                databases established under paragraph (1) that 
                may vary across States;
                    ``(C) identify a procedure for States 
                operating longitudinal databases under 
                paragraph (1) to use a unique identifier to 
                provide relevant information on household 
                members who receive benefits under the 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program for 
                the purpose of comparing participation data in 
                multiple participating States over time while 
                protecting participant privacy;
                    ``(D) establish the manner in which data 
                security and privacy protections, as required 
                by Federal law and consistent with other 
                appropriate practices, shall be implemented and 
                maintained;
                    ``(E) provide direction to State agencies 
                on the responsibilities of and funding 
                arrangements for State agencies and any State 
                contractors (including entities providing 
                technical assistance) relating to the 
                establishment and operation of a longitudinal 
                database;
                    ``(F) provide a description of the 
                documentation that States shall submit to the 
                Secretary prior to allowing researchers access 
                to a longitudinal database;
                    ``(G) consult with other Federal research 
                agencies, including the Bureau of the Census;
                    ``(H) consult with States that have already 
                established databases used for purposes similar 
                to the purposes outlined in this subsection; 
                and
                    ``(I) identify any other requirements 
                determined appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(4) Included data.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), each longitudinal database established 
                under paragraph (1)--
                            ``(i) shall include monthly 
                        information about households and 
                        members of households that receive 
                        benefits under the supplemental 
                        nutrition assistance program in the 
                        participating State taken from existing 
                        information collected by the State 
                        agency including, if available,--
                                    ``(I) demographic 
                                characteristics;
                                    ``(II) income and financial 
                                resources (as described in 
                                section 5(g));
                                    ``(III) employment status;
                                    ``(IV) household 
                                circumstances, such as 
                                deductible expenses; and
                                    ``(V) the amount of the 
                                monthly allotment received 
                                under the supplemental 
                                nutrition assistance program; 
                                and
                            ``(ii) may include information from 
                        other State data sources such as--
                                    ``(I) earnings and 
                                employment data from the State 
                                department of labor;
                                    ``(II) health insurance 
                                program data; or
                                    ``(III) data from 
                                participation in other programs 
                                administered by the State.
                    ``(B) Data protection.--Any State that 
                establishes a longitudinal database under 
                paragraph (1) shall, in accordance with all 
                applicable Federal and State privacy standards 
                and requirements--
                            ``(i) protect the privacy of 
                        information about each member of each 
                        household that receives benefits under 
                        the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program in such State by ensuring that 
                        no personally identifiable information 
                        (including social security number, home 
                        address, or contact information) is 
                        included in the longitudinal database; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) make the data under this 
                        paragraph available to researchers and 
                        the Secretary.
            ``(5) Approval.--The Secretary shall approve the 
        establishment of longitudinal databases under paragraph 
        (1) in States that--
                    ``(A) meet the requirements for databases 
                under paragraph (3) and (4)(B);
                    ``(B) reflect a range of participant 
                numbers, demographics, operational structures, 
                and geographic regions; and
                    ``(C) have the capacity to provide on a 
                periodic and ongoing basis household and 
                participant data derived from the eligibility 
                system and other data sources of the State.
            ``(6) Grants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this 
                subsection, the Secretary may provide grants to 
                States that have been approved by the Secretary 
                in accordance with paragraph (5) out of funds 
                made available under paragraph (9).
                    ``(B) Method of awarding grants.--Grants 
                awarded under this paragraph shall be made in 
                such amounts and under such terms and 
                conditions as the Secretary determines 
                necessary to carry out the purposes of this 
                subsection.
            ``(7) Report.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 4 years 
                after the effective date of this subsection, 
                the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
                Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                Forestry of the Senate a report on the 
                feasibility of expanding implementation of 
                longitudinal databases to every State.
                    ``(B) Contents.--The report required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall describe--
                            ``(i) the cost of expanding 
                        implementation of longitudinal 
                        databases with consistent data to every 
                        State;
                            ``(ii) the challenges and benefits 
                        of using State longitudinal databases 
                        with consistent data; and
                            ``(iii) alternatives to expanding 
                        implementation of longitudinal 
                        databases with consistent data to every 
                        State that may achieve similar research 
                        outcomes and the advantages and 
                        disadvantages of those alternatives.
            ``(8) Effect.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed to prevent or limit the ability of State 
        agencies to establish or continue operating databases 
        used for purposes similar to the purposes outlined in 
        this subsection.
            ``(9) Funding.--Of the funds made available under 
        section 18, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
        subsection--
                    ``(A) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 to 
                remain available through fiscal year 2021; and
                    ``(B) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2022 and 
                each fiscal year thereafter.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The 1st sentence of section 
16(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and (8)'' and inserting ``(8)''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting ``, and (9) establishing and 
        operating a longitudinal database in accordance with 
        section 17(n)'' before ``: Provided''.

SEC. 4016. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    The 1st sentence of section 18(a)(1) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027(a)(1)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4017. ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUNITY FOOD PROJECTS.

    Section 25(b)(2) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2034(b)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the 
        end,
            (2) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``fiscal year 
        2015 and each fiscal year thereafter.'' and inserting 
        ``each of fiscal years 2015 through 2018; and'', and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and 
                each fiscal year thereafter.''.

SEC. 4018. EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) State Plan.--Section 202A(b) of the Emergency Food 
Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7503(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) at the option of the State agency, describe a 
        plan of operation for 1 or more projects in partnership 
        with 1 or more emergency feeding organizations located 
        in the State to harvest, process, package, or transport 
        donated commodities received under section 203D(d); and
            ``(6) describe a plan, which may include the use of 
        a State advisory board established under subsection 
        (c), that provides emergency feeding organizations or 
        eligible recipient agencies within the State an 
        opportunity to provide input on the commodity 
        preferences and needs of the emergency feeding 
        organization or eligible recipient agency.''.
    (b) State and Local Supplementation of Commodities.--
Section 203D of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 
U.S.C. 7507) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Projects to Harvest, Process, Package, or Transport 
Donated Commodities.--
            ``(1) Definition of project.--In this subsection, 
        the term `project' means the harvesting, processing, 
        packaging, or transportation of unharvested, 
        unprocessed, or unpackaged commodities donated by 
        agricultural producers, processors, or distributors for 
        use by emergency feeding organizations under subsection 
        (a).
            ``(2) Federal funding for projects.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraphs 
                (B) and (C) and paragraph (3), using funds made 
                available under paragraph (5), the Secretary 
                may provide funding to States to pay for the 
                costs of carrying out a project.
                    ``(B) Federal share.--The Federal share of 
                the cost of a project under subparagraph (A) 
                shall not exceed 50 percent of the total cost 
                of the project.
                    ``(C) Allocation.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each fiscal 
                        year, the Secretary shall allocate the 
                        funds made available under subparagraph 
                        (A), based on a formula determined by 
                        the Secretary, to States that have 
                        submitted a State plan describing a 
                        plan of operation for a project under 
                        section 202A(b)(5).
                            ``(ii) Reallocation.--If the 
                        Secretary determines that a State will 
                        not expend all of the funds allocated 
                        to the State for a fiscal year under 
                        clause (i), the Secretary shall 
                        reallocate the unexpended funds to 
                        other States that have submitted under 
                        section 202A(b)(5) a State plan 
                        describing a plan of operation for a 
                        project during that fiscal year or the 
                        subsequent fiscal year, as the 
                        Secretary determines appropriate.
                            ``(iii) Reports.--Each State to 
                        which funds are allocated for a fiscal 
                        year under this subparagraph shall, on 
                        a regular basis, submit to the 
                        Secretary financial reports describing 
                        the use of the funds.
            ``(3) Project purposes.--A State may only use 
        Federal funds received under paragraph (2) for a 
        project the purposes of which are--
                    ``(A) to reduce food waste at the 
                agricultural production, processing, or 
                distribution level through the donation of 
                food;
                    ``(B) to provide food to individuals in 
                need; and
                    ``(C) to build relationships between 
                agricultural producers, processors, and 
                distributors and emergency feeding 
                organizations through the donation of food.
            ``(4) Cooperative agreements.--The Secretary may 
        encourage a State agency that carries out a project 
        using Federal funds received under paragraph (2) to 
        enter into cooperative agreements with State agencies 
        of other States under section 203B(d) to maximize the 
        use of commodities donated under the project.
            ``(5) Funding.--Out of funds not otherwise 
        appropriated, the Secretary of the Treasury shall 
        transfer to the Secretary to carry out this subsection 
        $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, 
        to remain available until the end of the subsequent 
        fiscal year.''.
    (c) Food Waste.--Section 203D of the Emergency Food 
Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7507), as amended by 
subsection (b), is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Food Waste.--The Secretary shall issue guidance 
outlining best practices to minimize the food waste of the 
commodities donated under subsection (a).''.
    (d) Emergency Food Program Infrastructure Grants.--Section 
209(d) of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 
7511a(d)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
    (e) Availability of Commodities for the Emergency Food 
Assistance Program.--Section 27(a) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2036(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (D)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
                        ``2023'';
                            (ii) in clause (iii), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (iii) in clause (iv), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(v) for fiscal year 2019, 
                        $23,000,000;
                            ``(vi) for fiscal year 2020, 
                        $35,000,000;
                            ``(vii) for fiscal year 2021, 
                        $35,000,000;
                            ``(viii) for fiscal year 2022, 
                        $35,000,000; and
                            ``(ix) for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $35,000,000; and''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (E)--
                            (i) by striking ``2019'' and 
                        inserting ``2024'';
                            (ii) by striking ``(D)(iv)'' and 
                        inserting ``(D)(ix)''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``June 30, 2017'' 
                        and inserting ``June 30, 2023''.

SEC. 4019. NUTRITION EDUCATION.

    Section 28(c) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2036a(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), by striking ``Except as provided 
                        in subparagraph (C), a'' and inserting 
                        ``A'',
                            (ii) in clause (ii) by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon,
                            (iii) by redesignating clause (iii) 
                        as clause (iv), and
                            (iv) by inserting after clause (ii) 
                        the following:
                            ``(iii) describe how the State 
                        agency shall use an electronic 
                        reporting system to--
                                    ``(I) measure and evaluate 
                                the projects; and
                                    ``(II) account for the 
                                allowable State agency 
                                administrative costs including 
                                for--
                                            ``(aa) salaries and 
                                        benefits of State 
                                        agency personnel;
                                            ``(bb) office 
                                        supplies and equipment;
                                            ``(cc) travel 
                                        costs;
                                            ``(dd) development 
                                        and production of 
                                        nutrition education 
                                        materials;
                                            ``(ee) memberships, 
                                        subscriptions, and 
                                        professional 
                                        activities;
                                            ``(ff) lease or 
                                        rental costs;
                                            ``(gg) maintenance 
                                        and repair expenses;
                                            ``(hh) indirect 
                                        costs; and
                                            ``(ii) cost of 
                                        using publicly-owned 
                                        building space; and'', 
                                        and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (C),
            (2) in paragraph (3)(B) in the matter preceding 
        clause (i), by inserting ``, the Director of the 
        National Institute of Food and Agriculture,'' before 
        ``and outside stakeholders'',
            (3) in paragraph (5) by inserting ``the expanded 
        food and nutrition education program or'' before 
        ``other health promotion'', and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Information clearinghouse.--The Secretary 
        shall establish an online clearinghouse that makes 
        available to State agencies, local agencies, 
        institutions of higher education, and community 
        organizations best practices for planning, 
        implementing, and evaluating nutrition education and 
        obesity prevention services to ensure that projects 
        carried out with funds received under this section are 
        appropriate for the target population.
            ``(7) Technical assistance.--The Secretary shall 
        provide technical assistance to a State agency in 
        developing and implementing a nutrition education State 
        plan, including--
                    ``(A) by identifying common challenges 
                faced by entities described in paragraph (6) 
                that participate in projects carried out with 
                funds received under this section;
                    ``(B) by coordinating efforts to address 
                those common challenges;
                    ``(C) by collecting and disseminating 
                information on evidence-based practices 
                relating to nutrition education and obesity 
                prevention;
                    ``(D) by facilitating communication between 
                and among grantees and subgrantees of funds 
                received under this section;
                    ``(E) by assisting State agencies in 
                creating or maintaining systems to compile 
                program data; and
                    ``(F) by performing or assisting with other 
                activities, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(8) Annual state report.--Each State agency that 
        delivers nutrition education and obesity prevention 
        services under this subsection shall submit to the 
        Secretary an annual report, which shall be made 
        publicly available by the Secretary, that includes--
                    ``(A) the use of funds on the State 
                agency's program, including for each category 
                of allowable State agency administrative costs 
                identified in paragraph (2)(B)(iii)(II);
                    ``(B) a description of each project carried 
                out by that agency under this subsection, 
                including, with respect to the project, the 
                target population, interventions, educational 
                materials used, key performance indicators 
                used, and evaluations made;
                    ``(C) a comprehensive analysis of the 
                impacts and outcomes--
                            ``(i) of the project, including 
                        with respect to the elements described 
                        in subparagraph (A); and
                            ``(ii) to the extent practicable, 
                        of completed multiyear projects; and
                    ``(D) the status of any ongoing multiyear 
                project.
            ``(9) Annual federal report.--The Administrator of 
        the Food and Nutrition Service, in consultation with 
        the Director of the National Institute of Food and 
        Agriculture, shall annually submit to the Committee on 
        Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate a report that--
                    ``(A) evaluates the level of coordination 
                between--
                            ``(i) the nutrition education and 
                        obesity prevention grant program under 
                        this section;
                            ``(ii) the expanded food and 
                        nutrition education program under 
                        section 1425 of the National 
                        Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
                        Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
                        3175); and
                            ``(iii) any other nutrition 
                        education program administered by the 
                        Department of Agriculture; and
                    ``(B) includes the use of funds on such 
                programs including State agency administrative 
                costs reported by States under paragraph 
                (8)(A).''.

SEC. 4020. RETAIL FOOD STORE AND RECIPIENT TRAFFICKING.

    Section 29(c)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2036b(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4021. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS.

    The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 30. PILOT PROJECTS TO ENCOURAGE THE USE OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE 
                    PARTNERSHIPS COMMITTED TO ADDRESSING FOOD 
                    INSECURITY.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may, on application of 
eligible entities, approve not more than 10 pilot projects to 
support public-private partnerships that address food 
insecurity and poverty.
    ``(b) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
            ``(1) the term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a nonprofit organization;
                    ``(B) a community-based organization;
                    ``(C) an institution of higher education; 
                or
                    ``(D) a private entity, as determined by 
                the Secretary; and
            ``(2) the term `public agency' means a department, 
        agency, other unit, or instrumentality of Federal, 
        State, or local government.
    ``(c) Project Requirements.--Projects approved under this 
section shall--
            ``(1) be limited to 2 years in length; and
            ``(2) include a collaboration between one or more 
        public agencies and one or more eligible entities 
        that--
                    ``(A) improves the effectiveness and impact 
                of the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program;
                    ``(B) develops food security solutions that 
                are specific to the needs of a community or 
                region; and
                    ``(C) strengthens the capacity of 
                communities to address food insecurity and 
                poverty.
    ``(d) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall provide for an 
independent evaluation of pilot projects approved under this 
section that includes--
            ``(1) a summary of the activities conducted under 
        the pilot projects;
            ``(2) an assessment of the effectiveness of the 
        pilot projects; and
            ``(3) best practices regarding the use of public-
        private partnerships to improve the effectiveness of 
        public benefit programs to address food insecurity and 
        poverty.
    ``(e) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
        $5,000,000 to remain available until expended.
            ``(2) Appropriation in advance.--Only funds 
        appropriated under paragraph (1) in advance 
        specifically to carry out this section shall be 
        available to carry out this section.''.

SEC. 4022. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) 
is amended--
            (1) in section 3--
                    (A) in subsections (d) and (i) by striking 
                ``7(i)'' and inserting ``7(h)'', and
                    (B) in subsection (o)(1)(A) by striking 
                ``(r)(1)'' and inserting ``(q)(1)'',
            (2) in section 5(a) by striking ``and section'' 
        each place it appears and all that follows through 
        ``households'' the respective next place it appears, 
        and inserting ``and section 3(m)(4), households'',
            (3) in subsections (e)(1) and (f)(1)(A)(i) of 
        section 8 by striking ``3(n)(5)'' and inserting 
        ``3(m)(5)'',
            (4) in the 1st sentence of section 10--
                    (A) by striking ``or the Federal Savings 
                and Loan Insurance Corporation'' each place it 
                appears, and
                    (B) by striking ``3(p)(4)'' and inserting 
                ``3(o)(4)'',
            (5) in section 11--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(2) by striking 
                ``3(t)(1)'' and inserting ``3(s)(1)'', and
                    (B) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' each 
                        place it appears and inserting 
                        ``3(s)(1)'', and
                            (ii) by striking ``3(t)(2)'' each 
                        place it appears and inserting 
                        ``3(s)(2)'', and
                    (C) in subsection (e)--
                            (i) in paragraph (17) by striking 
                        ``3(t)(1)'' inserting ``3(s)(1)'', and
                            (ii) in paragraph (23) by striking 
                        ``Simplified Supplemental Nutrition 
                        Assistance Program'' and inserting 
                        ``simplified supplemental nutrition 
                        assistance program'',
            (6) in section 15(e) by striking ``exchange'' and 
        all that follows through ``anything'', and inserting 
        ``exchange for benefits, or anything'',
            (7) in section 17(b)(1)(B)(iv)(III)(aa) by striking 
        ``3(n)'' and inserting ``3(m)'',
            (8) in section 25(a)(1)(B)(i)(I) by striking the 2d 
        semicolon at the end, and
            (9) in section 26(b) by striking ``out'' and all 
        that follows through ``(referred'', and inserting ``out 
        a simplified supplemental nutrition assistance program 
        (referred''.

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

SEC. 4101. COMMODITY DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM.

    The 1st sentence of section 4(a) of the Agriculture and 
Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note) is amended 
by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4102. COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM.

    Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 
1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2018'' 
                and inserting ``2023'', and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B), in the matter 
                preceding clause (i), by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023'',
            (2) in subsection (d)(2), in the 1st sentence, by 
        striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'', and
            (3) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by striking ``Except'' and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Except'', and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Certification.--
                    ``(A) Definition of certification period.--
                In this paragraph, the term `certification 
                period' means the period during which a 
                participant in the commodity supplemental food 
                program in a State may continue to receive 
                benefits under the commodity supplemental food 
                program without a formal review of the 
                eligibility of the participant.
                    ``(B) Minimum certification period.--
                Subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), a State 
                shall establish for the commodity supplemental 
                food program of the State a certification 
                period of--
                            ``(i) not less than 1 year; but
                            ``(ii) not more than 3 years.
                    ``(C) Temporary certification.--An eligible 
                applicant for the commodity supplemental food 
                program in a State may be provided with a 
                temporary monthly certification to fill any 
                caseload slot resulting from nonparticipation 
                by certified participants.
                    ``(D) Approvals.--A certification period of 
                more than 1 year established by a State under 
                subparagraph (B) shall be subject to the 
                approval of the Secretary, who shall approve 
                such a certification period on the condition 
                that, with respect to each participant 
                receiving benefits under the commodity 
                supplemental food program of the State, the 
                local agency in the State administering the 
                commodity supplemental food program, on an 
                annual basis during the certification period 
                applicable to the participant--
                            ``(i) verifies the address and 
                        continued interest of the participant; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) has sufficient reason to 
                        determine that the participant still 
                        meets the income eligibility standards 
                        under paragraph (1), which may include 
                        a determination that the participant 
                        has a fixed income.''.

SEC. 4103. DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES TO SPECIAL NUTRITION 
                    PROJECTS.

    Section 1114(a)(2)(A) of the Agriculture and Food Act of 
1981 (7 U.S.C. 1431e(a)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4104. FOOD DONATION STANDARDS.

    Section 203D of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 
(7 U.S.C. 7507), as amended by section 4018(c), is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Food Donation Standards.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Apparently wholesome food.--The term 
                `apparently wholesome food' has the meaning 
                given the term in section 22(b) of the Child 
                Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1791(b)).
                    ``(B) Institution of higher education.--The 
                term `institution of higher education' has the 
                meaning given the term in section 102 of the 
                Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002).
                    ``(C) Qualified direct donor.--The term 
                `qualified direct donor' means a retail food 
                store, wholesaler, agricultural producer, 
                restaurant, caterer, school food authority, or 
                institution of higher education.
            ``(2) Guidance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
                Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall 
                issue guidance to promote awareness of 
                donations of apparently wholesome food 
                protected under section 22(c) of the Child 
                Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1791(c)) by 
                qualified direct donors in compliance with 
                applicable State and local health, food safety, 
                and food handling laws (including regulations).
                    ``(B) Issuance.--The Secretary shall 
                encourage State agencies and emergency feeding 
                organizations to share the guidance issued 
                under subparagraph (A) with qualified direct 
                donors.''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 4201. SENIORS FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM.

    Section 4402(a) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3007(a)) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4202. PURCHASE OF FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOR DISTRIBUTION TO 
                    SCHOOLS AND SERVICE INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 10603(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 612c-4(b)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4203. SERVICE OF TRADITIONAL FOODS IN PUBLIC FACILITIES.

    Section 4033(d)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (128 
Stat. 818) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' the 1st place it appears,
            (2) by inserting ``, a State, a county or county 
        equivalent, a local educational agency, and an entity 
        or person authorized to facilitate the donation, 
        storage, preparation, or serving of traditional food by 
        the operator of a food service program'' after 
        ``organization'', and
            (3) by inserting ``storage, preparation, or'' after 
        ``donation to or''.

SEC. 4204. HEALTHY FOOD FINANCING INITIATIVE.

    Section 243 of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization 
Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6953) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and 
        enterprises'' after ``retailers'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(3)(B)(iii), by inserting 
        ``and enterprises'' after ``retailers''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)(2)(B)(ii), by inserting ``as 
        applicable,'' before ``to accept''.

SEC. 4205. THE GUS SCHUMACHER NUTRITION INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Amendment to Program.--Section 4405 of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 7517) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``the gus 
        schumacher nutrition incentive program'',
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
                follows:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means a governmental agency or nonprofit 
        organization.'',
                    (B) in paragraph (3) by striking ``means 
                the'' and all that follows through the period 
                at the end, and inserting the following:
        ``means--
                    ``(A) the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program established under the Food and 
                Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.); 
                and
                    ``(B) the programs for nutrition assistance 
                under section 19 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
                2028).'', and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Healthcare partner.--The term `healthcare 
        partner' means a healthcare provider, including--
                    ``(A) a hospital;
                    ``(B) a Federally-qualified health center 
                (as defined in section 1905(l) of the Social 
                Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396d(l)));
                    ``(C) a hospital or clinic operated by the 
                Secretary of Veterans Affairs; or
                    ``(D) a healthcare provider group.
            ``(5) Member.--The term `member' means, as 
        determined by the applicable eligible entity or 
        healthcare partner carrying out a project under 
        subsection (c) in accordance with procedures 
        established by the Secretary--
                    ``(A) an individual eligible for--
                            ``(i) benefits under the Food and 
                        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et 
                        seq.); or
                            ``(ii) medical assistance under a 
                        State plan or a waiver of such a plan 
                        under title XIX of the Social Security 
                        Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.) and 
                        enrolled under such plan or waiver; and
                    ``(B) a member of a low-income household 
                that suffers from, or is at risk of developing, 
                a diet-related health condition.'',
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B) by striking 
                        ``The'' and inserting ``Except as 
                        provided in subparagraph (D)(iii), 
                        the'',
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C) by adding 
                        at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) Tribal agencies.--The 
                        Secretary may allow a Tribal agency to 
                        use funds provided to the Indian Tribe 
                        of the Tribal agency through a Federal 
                        agency (including the Indian Health 
                        Service) or other Federal benefit to 
                        satisfy all or part of the non-Federal 
                        share described in clause (i) if such 
                        use is otherwise consistent with the 
                        purpose of such funds.'',
                            (iii) by redesignating 
                        subparagraphs (B) and (C) as 
                        subparagraphs (C) and (D), and
                            (iv) by inserting after 
                        subparagraph (A) the following:
                    ``(B) Partners and collaborators.--An 
                eligible entity that receives a grant under 
                this subsection may partner with, or make 
                subgrants to, public, private, nonprofit, or 
                for-profit entities, including--
                            ``(i) an emergency feeding 
                        organization;
                            ``(ii) an agricultural cooperative;
                            ``(iii) a producer network or 
                        association;
                            ``(iv) a community health 
                        organization;
                            ``(v) a public benefit corporation;
                            ``(vi) an economic development 
                        corporation;
                            ``(vii) a farmers' market;
                            ``(viii) a community-supported 
                        agriculture program;
                            ``(ix) a buying club;
                            ``(x) a retail food store 
                        participating in the supplemental 
                        nutrition assistance program;
                            ``(xi) a State, local, or tribal 
                        agency;
                            ``(xii) another eligible entity 
                        that receives a grant under this 
                        subsection; and
                            ``(xiii) any other entity the 
                        Secretary designates.'',
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by amending subparagraph (A) to 
                        read as follows:
                    ``(A) In general.--To receive a grant under 
                this subsection, an eligible entity shall--
                            ``(i) meet the application criteria 
                        set forth by the Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) propose a project that, at a 
                        minimum--
                                    ``(I) has the support of 
                                the State agency administering 
                                the supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program;
                                    ``(II) would increase the 
                                purchase of fruits and 
                                vegetables by low-income 
                                households participating in the 
                                supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program by providing 
                                an incentive for the purchase 
                                of fruits and vegetables at the 
                                point of purchase to a 
                                household purchasing food with 
                                supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program benefits;
                                    ``(III) except in the case 
                                of projects receiving $100,000 
                                or less over 1 year, would 
                                measure the purchase of fruits 
                                and vegetables by low-income 
                                households participating in the 
                                supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program;
                                    ``(IV) ensures that the 
                                same terms and conditions apply 
                                to purchases made by 
                                individuals with benefits 
                                issued under the Food and 
                                Nutrition Act of 2008 and 
                                incentives provided for in this 
                                subsection as apply to 
                                purchases made by individuals 
                                who are not members of 
                                households receiving benefits, 
                                such as provided for in section 
                                278.2(b) of title 7, Code of 
                                Federal Regulations (or a 
                                successor regulation);
                                    ``(V) has adequate plans to 
                                collect data for reporting and 
                                agrees to provide that 
                                information for the report 
                                described in subsection 
                                (e)(2)(B)(iii); and
                                    ``(VI) would share 
                                information with the Nutrition 
                                Incentive Program Training, 
                                Technical Assistance, 
                                Evaluation, and Information 
                                Centers established under 
                                subsection (e).'',
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking clause (v),
                                    (II) by redesignating 
                                clause (vi) as clause (x), and
                                    (III) by inserting after 
                                clause (iv) the following:
                            ``(v) include a project design--
                                    ``(I) that provides 
                                incentives when fruits or 
                                vegetables are purchased using 
                                supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program benefits; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) in which the 
                                incentives earned may be used 
                                only to purchase fruits or 
                                vegetables;
                            ``(vi) have demonstrated the 
                        ability to provide services to 
                        underserved communities;
                            ``(vii) include coordination with 
                        multiple stakeholders, such as farm 
                        organizations, nutrition education 
                        programs, cooperative extension 
                        services, public health departments, 
                        health providers, private and public 
                        health insurance agencies, cooperative 
                        grocers, grocery associations, and 
                        community-based and nongovernmental 
                        organizations;
                            ``(viii) offer supplemental 
                        services in high-need communities, 
                        including online ordering, 
                        transportation between home and store, 
                        and delivery services;
                            ``(ix) include food retailers that 
                        are open--
                                    ``(I) for extended hours; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) most or all days of 
                                the year; or'', and
                    (C) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4),
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking 
                ``subsection (b) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``this 
                section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2023'', and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``subsection (b)'' and inserting ``this 
                        section'',
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B) by 
                        striking ``and'' at the end,
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C) by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting a semicolon, and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(C) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                    ``(D) $48,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
                    ``(E) $48,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
                    ``(F) $53,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
                    ``(G) $56,000,000 for fiscal year 2023 and 
                each fiscal year thereafter.
            ``(3) Use of funds.--With respect to funds made 
        available under this section for fiscal years 2019 
        through 2023--
                    ``(A) for each fiscal year the Secretary 
                shall use not more than 10 percent of such 
                funds available for such fiscal year for the 
                produce prescription program described in 
                subsection (c);
                    ``(B) for each fiscal year not more than 8 
                percent of such funds available for such fiscal 
                year shall be used by the National Institute of 
                Food and Agriculture and the Food and Nutrition 
                Service for administration; and
                    ``(C) the Secretary shall use for the 
                Nutrition Incentive Program Training, Technical 
                Assistance, Evaluation, and Information Centers 
                established under subsection (e) not more 
                than--
                            ``(i) $17,000,000 in the aggregate 
                        for fiscal years 2019 and 2020; and
                            ``(ii) $7,000,000 for each of the 
                        fiscal years 2021 through 2023.'',
            (5) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (f), and
            (6) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
        following:
    ``(c) Produce Prescription Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        grant program under which the Secretary shall award 
        grants to eligible entities to conduct projects that 
        demonstrate and evaluate the impact of the projects 
        on--
                    ``(A) the improvement of dietary health 
                through increased consumption of fruits and 
                vegetables;
                    ``(B) the reduction of individual and 
                household food insecurity; and
                    ``(C) the reduction in healthcare use and 
                associated costs.
            ``(2) Healthcare partners.--In carrying out a 
        project using a grant received under paragraph (1), an 
        eligible entity shall partner with 1 or more healthcare 
        partners.
            ``(3) Grant applications.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to 
                receive a grant under paragraph (1), an 
                eligible entity--
                            ``(i) shall--
                                    ``(I) prescribe fresh 
                                fruits and vegetables to 
                                members;
                                    ``(II) submit to the 
                                Secretary an application 
                                containing such information as 
                                the Secretary may require, 
                                including the information 
                                described in subparagraph (B); 
                                and
                            ``(ii) may--
                                    ``(I) provide financial or 
                                non-financial incentives for 
                                members to purchase or procure 
                                fresh fruits and vegetables;
                                    ``(II) provide educational 
                                resources on nutrition to 
                                members; and
                                    ``(III) establish 
                                additional accessible locations 
                                for members to procure fresh 
                                fruits and vegetables.
                    ``(B) Application.--An application shall--
                            ``(i) identify the 1 or more 
                        healthcare partners with which the 
                        eligible entity is partnering under 
                        paragraph (2); and
                            ``(ii) include--
                                    ``(I) a description of the 
                                methods by which an eligible 
                                entity shall--
                                            ``(aa) screen and 
                                        verify eligibility for 
                                        members for 
                                        participation in a 
                                        produce prescription 
                                        project, in accordance 
                                        with procedures 
                                        established under 
                                        subsection (a)(5);
                                            ``(bb) implement an 
                                        effective produce 
                                        prescription project, 
                                        including the role of 
                                        each healthcare partner 
                                        in implementing the 
                                        produce prescription 
                                        project;
                                            ``(cc) evaluate 
                                        members participating 
                                        in a produce 
                                        prescription project 
                                        with respect to the 
                                        matters described in 
                                        subparagraphs (A) 
                                        through (C) of 
                                        paragraph (1);
                                            ``(dd) provide 
                                        educational 
                                        opportunities relating 
                                        to nutrition to members 
                                        participating in a 
                                        produce prescription 
                                        project; and
                                            ``(ee) inform 
                                        members of the 
                                        availability of the 
                                        produce prescription 
                                        project, including 
                                        locations at which 
                                        produce prescriptions 
                                        may be redeemed;
                                    ``(II) a description of any 
                                additional nonprofit or 
                                emergency feeding organizations 
                                that shall be involved in the 
                                project and the role of each 
                                additional nonprofit or 
                                emergency feeding organization 
                                in implementing and evaluating 
                                an effective produce 
                                prescription project;
                                    ``(III) documentation of a 
                                partnership agreement with a 
                                relevant State Medicaid agency 
                                or other appropriate entity, as 
                                determined by the Secretary, to 
                                evaluate the effectiveness of 
                                the produce prescription 
                                project in reducing healthcare 
                                use and associated costs;
                                    ``(IV) adequate plans to 
                                collect data for reporting and 
                                agreement to provide that 
                                information for the report 
                                described in subsection 
                                (e)(2)(B)(iii); and
                                    ``(V) agreement to share 
                                information with the Nutrition 
                                Incentive Program Training, 
                                Technical Assistance, 
                                Evaluation, and Information 
                                Centers established under 
                                subsection (e).
            ``(4) Coordination.--In carrying out the grant 
        program established under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall coordinate with the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services and the heads of other appropriate Federal 
        agencies that carry out activities relating to 
        healthcare partners.
            ``(5) Partnerships.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out the 
                grant program under paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary may enter into 1 or more memoranda of 
                understanding with a Federal agency, a State, 
                or a private entity to ensure the effective 
                implementation and evaluation of each project.
                    ``(B) Memorandum of understanding.--A 
                memorandum of understanding entered into under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                            ``(i) a description of a plan to 
                        provide educational opportunities 
                        relating to nutrition to members 
                        participating in produce prescription 
                        projects;
                            ``(ii) a description of the role of 
                        the Federal agency, State, or private 
                        entity, as applicable, in implementing 
                        and evaluating an effective produce 
                        prescription project; and
                            ``(iii) documentation of a 
                        partnership agreement with a relevant 
                        State Medicaid agency or other 
                        appropriate entity, as determined by 
                        the Secretary.
    ``(d) Applicability.--
            ``(1) In general.--The value of any benefit 
        provided to a participant in any activity funded under 
        subsections (b) or (c) shall be treated as supplemental 
        nutrition benefits under section 8(b) of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2017(b)).
            ``(2) Prohibition on collection of sales taxes.--
        Each State shall ensure that no State or local tax is 
        collected on a purchase of food with assistance 
        provided under subsections (b) and (c).
            ``(3) No limitation on benefits.--Grants made 
        available under subsections (b) and (c) shall not be 
        used to carry out any project that limits the use of 
        benefits under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) or any other Federal nutrition 
        law.
            ``(4) Household allotment.--Assistance provided 
        under subsections (b) and (c) to households receiving 
        benefits under the supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program shall not--
                    ``(A) be considered part of the 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                benefits of the household; or
                    ``(B) be used in the collection or 
                disposition of claims under section 13 of the 
                Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2022).
    ``(e) Nutrition Incentive Program Training, Technical 
Assistance, Evaluation, and Information Centers.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) establish 1 or more Nutrition 
                Incentive Program Training, Technical 
                Assistance, Evaluation, and Information 
                Centers, in consultation with the Director of 
                the National Institute of Food and Agriculture; 
                and
                    ``(B) to the extent practicable, consult on 
                the design and scope of such Centers with 
                grocers, farmers, health professionals, 
                researchers, incentive program managers, and 
                employees of the Department of Agriculture with 
                direct experience with implementation of 
                existing incentive programs or projects.
            ``(2) Establishment.--The Centers shall be capable 
        of providing services related to grants under 
        subsections (b) and (c), including--
                    ``(A) offering incentive program training 
                and technical assistance to applicants and 
                grantees to the extent practicable, including--
                            ``(i) collecting and providing 
                        information on best practices that may 
                        include communications, signage, 
                        record-keeping, incentive instruments, 
                        development and integration of point of 
                        sale systems, and reporting;
                            ``(ii) disseminating information 
                        and assisting with collaboration among 
                        grantee projects, applicable State 
                        agencies, and nutrition education 
                        programs;
                            ``(iii) facilitating communication 
                        between grantees and the Department of 
                        Agriculture and applicable State 
                        agencies; and
                            ``(iv) providing support for the 
                        development of best practices for 
                        produce prescription projects and the 
                        sharing of information among eligible 
                        entities and healthcare providers that 
                        participate in a produce prescription 
                        project under subsection (c); and
                            ``(v) other services identified by 
                        the Secretary; and
                    ``(B) creating a system to collect and 
                compile core data sets from eligible entities 
                that--
                            ``(i) uses standard metrics with 
                        consideration of outcome measures for 
                        existing projects;
                            ``(ii) includes to the extent 
                        practicable grocers, farmers, health 
                        professionals, researchers, incentive 
                        program managers, and employees of the 
                        Department of Agriculture with direct 
                        experience with implementation of 
                        existing incentive programs in the 
                        design of the instrument through which 
                        data will be collected and the 
                        mechanism for reporting;
                            ``(iii) compiles project data from 
                        grantees, and beginning in fiscal year 
                        2020 generates an annual report to 
                        Congress on grant outcomes, including--
                                    ``(I) the results of the 
                                project; and
                                    ``(II) the amount of grant 
                                funds used for the project; and
                            ``(iv) creates and maintains a 
                        publicly accessible online site that 
                        makes annual reports and incentive 
                        program information available in an 
                        anonymized format that protects 
                        confidential, personal, or other 
                        sensitive data.
            ``(3) Cooperative agreement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To carry out paragraph 
                (1), the Secretary may, on a competitive basis, 
                enter into 1 or more cooperative agreements 
                with 1 or more organizations with expertise in 
                developing outcome-based reporting, at least 1 
                of which has expertise in the food insecurity 
                nutrition incentive program and at least 1 of 
                which has expertise in produce prescription 
                projects.
                    ``(B) Inclusion.--The organizations 
                referred to in subparagraph (A) may include--
                            ``(i) nongovernmental 
                        organizations;
                            ``(ii) State cooperative extension 
                        services;
                            ``(iii) regional food system 
                        centers;
                            ``(iv) Federal, State, or Tribal 
                        agencies;
                            ``(v) institutions of higher 
                        education (as defined in section 101(a) 
                        of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                        U.S.C. 1001(a))); or
                            ``(vi) other appropriate entities 
                        as determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents of the 
Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 113-188) 
is amended by striking the item relating to section 4405 and 
inserting the following:

``Sec. 4405. The Gus Schumacher nutrition incentive program.''.

SEC. 4206. MICRO-GRANTS FOR FOOD SECURITY.

    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to increase 
the quantity and quality of locally grown food through small-
scale gardening, herding, and livestock operations in food 
insecure communities in areas of the United States that have 
significant levels of food insecurity and import a significant 
quantity of food.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' 
        means an entity that--
                    (A) is--
                            (i) an individual;
                            (ii) an Indian tribe or tribal 
                        organization, as defined in section 4 
                        of the Indian Self-Determination and 
                        Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
                        5304);
                            (iii) a nonprofit organization 
                        engaged in increasing food security, as 
                        determined by the Secretary, 
                        including--
                                    (I) a religious 
                                organization;
                                    (II) a food bank; or
                                    (III) a food pantry;
                            (iv) a federally funded educational 
                        facility, including--
                                    (I) a Head Start program or 
                                an Early Head Start program 
                                carried out under the Head 
                                Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et 
                                seq.);
                                    (II) a public elementary 
                                school or public secondary 
                                school;
                                    (III) a public institution 
                                of higher education (as defined 
                                in section 101 of the Higher 
                                Education Act of 1965 (20 
                                U.S.C. 1001));
                                    (IV) a Tribal College or 
                                University (as defined in 
                                section 316(b) of the Higher 
                                Education Act of 1965 (20 
                                U.S.C. 1059c(b))); or
                                    (V) a job training program; 
                                or
                            (v) a local or Tribal government 
                        that may not levy local taxes under 
                        State or Federal law; and
                    (B) is located in an eligible State.
            (2) Eligible state.--The term ``eligible State'' 
        means--
                    (A) the State of Alaska;
                    (B) the State of Hawaii;
                    (C) American Samoa;
                    (D) the Commonwealth of the Northern 
                Mariana Islands;
                    (E) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
                    (F) the Federated States of Micronesia;
                    (G) Guam;
                    (H) the Republic of the Marshall Islands;
                    (I) the Republic of Palau; and
                    (J) the United States Virgin Islands.
    (c) Establishment.--The Secretary shall distribute funds to 
the agricultural department or agency of each eligible State 
for the competitive distribution of subgrants to eligible 
entities to increase the quantity and quality of locally grown 
food in food insecure communities, including through small-
scale gardening, herding, and livestock operations.
    (d) Distribution of Funds.--
            (1) In general.--Of the amount made available under 
        subsection (g), the Secretary shall distribute--
                    (A) 40 percent to the State of Alaska;
                    (B) 40 percent to the State of Hawaii; and
                    (C) 2.5 percent to each eligible State 
                described in any of subparagraphs (C) through 
                (J) of subsection (b)(2).
            (2) Carryover of funds.--Funds distributed under 
        paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.
            (3) Administrative funds.--An eligible State that 
        receives funds under paragraph (1) may use not more 
        than 3 percent of those funds--
                    (A) to administer the competition for 
                providing subgrants to eligible entities in 
                that eligible State;
                    (B) to provide oversight of the subgrant 
                recipients in that eligible State; and
                    (C) to collect data and submit a report to 
                the Secretary under subsection (f)(2).
    (e) Subgrants to Eligible Entities.--
            (1) Amount of subgrants.--
                    (A) In general.--The amount of a subgrant 
                to an eligible entity under this section shall 
                be--
                            (i) in the case of an eligible 
                        entity that is an individual, not 
                        greater than $5,000 per year; and
                            (ii) in the case of an eligible 
                        entity described in any of clauses (ii) 
                        through (v) of subsection (b)(1)(A), 
                        not greater than $10,000 per year.
                    (B) Matching requirement.--As a condition 
                of receiving a subgrant under this section, an 
                eligible entity shall provide funds equal to 10 
                percent of the amount received by the eligible 
                entity under the subgrant, to be derived from 
                non-Federal sources. A State may waive the 
                matching requirement for an individual who 
                otherwise meets the requirements to receive a 
                subgrant by the eligible State.
                    (C) Project period.--Funds received by an 
                eligible entity that is awarded a subgrant 
                under this section shall remain available for 
                expenditure not later than 3 years after the 
                date the funds are received.
            (2) Priority.--In carrying out the competitive 
        distribution of subgrants under subsection (c), an 
        eligible State may give priority to an eligible entity 
        that--
                    (A) has not previously received a subgrant 
                under this section; or
                    (B) is located in a community or region in 
                that eligible State with the highest degree of 
                food insecurity, as determined by the 
                agricultural department or agency of the 
                eligible State.
            (3) Projects.--An eligible State may provide 
        subgrants to 2 or more eligible entities to carry out 
        the same project.
            (4) Use of subgrant funds by eligible entities.--An 
        eligible entity that receives a subgrant under this 
        section shall use the funds to engage in activities 
        that will increase the quantity and quality of locally 
        grown food for food insecure individuals, families, 
        neighborhoods, and communities, including by--
                    (A) purchasing gardening tools or 
                equipment, soil, soil amendments, seeds, 
                plants, animals, canning equipment, 
                refrigeration, or other items necessary to grow 
                and store food;
                    (B) purchasing or building composting 
                units;
                    (C) purchasing or building towers designed 
                to grow leafy green vegetables;
                    (D) expanding an area under cultivation or 
                engaging in other activities necessary to be 
                eligible to receive funding under the 
                environmental quality incentives program 
                established under chapter 4 of subtitle D of 
                title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
                U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) for a high tunnel;
                    (E) engaging in an activity that extends 
                the growing season;
                    (F) starting or expanding hydroponic and 
                aeroponic farming of any scale;
                    (G) building, buying, erecting, or 
                repairing fencing for livestock, poultry, or 
                reindeer;
                    (H) purchasing and equipping a slaughter 
                and processing facility approved by the 
                Secretary;
                    (I) traveling to participate in 
                agricultural education provided by--
                            (i) a State cooperative extension 
                        service;
                            (ii) a land-grant college or 
                        university (as defined in section 1404 
                        of the National Agricultural Research, 
                        Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
                        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103));
                            (iii) a Tribal College or 
                        University (as defined in section 
                        316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 
                        1965 (20 U.S.C. 1059c(b)));
                            (iv) an Alaska Native-serving 
                        institution or a Native Hawaiian-
                        serving institution (as such terms are 
                        defined in section 317(b) of the Higher 
                        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                        1059d(b))); or
                            (v) a Federal or State agency;
                    (J) paying for shipping of purchased items 
                relating to growing or raising food for local 
                consumption or purchase;
                    (K) creating or expanding avenues for--
                            (i) the sale of food commodities, 
                        specialty crops, and meats that are 
                        grown by the eligible entity for sale 
                        in the local community; or
                            (ii) increasing the availability of 
                        fresh, locally grown, and nutritious 
                        food; and
                    (L) engaging in other activities relating 
                to increasing food security (including 
                subsistence), as determined by the Secretary.
            (5) Eligibility for other financial assistance.--An 
        eligible entity shall not be ineligible to receive 
        financial assistance under another program administered 
        by the Secretary as a result of receiving a subgrant 
        under this section.
    (f) Reporting Requirement.--
            (1) Subgrant recipients.--As a condition of 
        receiving a subgrant under this section, an eligible 
        entity shall agree to submit to the eligible State in 
        which the eligible entity is located a report--
                    (A) not later than 60 days after the end of 
                the project funded by the subgrant; and
                    (B) that describes the use of the subgrants 
                by eligible entities, the quantity of food 
                grown through small-scale gardening, herding, 
                and livestock operations, and the number of 
                food insecure individuals fed as a result of 
                the subgrant.
            (2) Report to the secretary.--Not later than 120 
        days after the date on which an eligible State receives 
        a report from each eligible entity in that State under 
        paragraph (1), the eligible State shall submit to the 
        Secretary a report that describes, in the aggregate, 
        the information and data contained in the reports 
        received from those eligible entities.
    (g) Funding.--
            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry 
        out this section $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and 
        each fiscal year thereafter, to remain available until 
        expended.
            (2) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds 
        appropriated under paragraph (1) in advance 
        specifically to carry out this section shall be 
        available to carry out this section.

SEC. 4207. BUY AMERICAN REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Enforcement.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall--
            (1) enforce full compliance with the requirements 
        of section 12(n) of the Richard B. Russell National 
        School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1760(n)) for purchases of 
        agricultural commodities, including fish, meats, 
        vegetables, and fruits, and the products thereof, and
            (2) ensure that States and school food authorities 
        fully understand their responsibilities under such Act.
    (b) Requirement.--The products of the agricultural 
commodities described in subsection (a)(1) shall be processed 
in the United States and substantially contain--
            (1) meats, vegetables, fruits, and other 
        agricultural commodities produced in--
                    (A) a State,
                    (B) the District of Columbia,
                    (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or
                    (D) any territory or possession of the 
                United States, or
            (2) fish harvested--
                    (A) within the Exclusive Economic Zone of 
                the United States, as described in Presidential 
                Proclamation 5030 (48 Fed. Reg. 10605; March 
                10, 1983), or
                    (B) by a United States flagged vessel.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
report on the actions the Secretary has taken, and plans to 
take, to comply with this section.

SEC. 4208. HEALTHY FLUID MILK INCENTIVES PROJECTS.

    (a) Definition of Fluid Milk.--In this section the term 
``fluid milk'' means all varieties of pasteurized cow's milk 
that--
            (1) is without flavoring or sweeteners,
            (2) is consistent with the most recent dietary 
        recommendations,
            (3) is packaged in liquid form, and
            (4) contains vitamins A and D at levels consistent 
        with the Food and Drug Administration, State, and local 
        standards for fluid milk.
    (b) Projects.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall carry 
out, under such terms and conditions as the Secretary considers 
to be appropriate, healthy fluid milk incentive projects to 
develop and test methods to increase the purchase and 
consumption of fluid milk by members of households that receive 
supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits by providing 
an incentive for the purchase of fluid milk at the point of 
purchase to members of households purchasing food with 
supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits.
    (c) Grants or Cooperative Agreements.--
            (1) In general.--To carry out this section, the 
        Secretary, on a competitive basis, shall enter into 
        cooperative agreements with, or provide grants to, 
        governmental entities or nonprofit organizations for 
        projects that meet the purpose and selection criteria 
        specified in this subsection.
            (2) Application.--To be eligible to enter into a 
        cooperative agreement or receive a grant under this 
        subsection, a government entity or nonprofit 
        organization shall submit to the Secretary an 
        application containing such information as the 
        Secretary may require.
            (3) Selection criteria.--Projects proposed in 
        applications shall be evaluated against publicly 
        disseminated criteria that shall incorporate a 
        scientifically based strategy that is designed to 
        improve diet quality and nutritional outcomes through 
        the increased purchase of fluid milk by members of 
        households that participate in the supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program.
            (4) Use of funds.--Funds made available to carry 
        out this section shall not be used for any project that 
        limits the use of benefits provided under the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008.
    (d) Evaluation and Reporting.--
            (1) Evaluation.--
                    (A) Independent evaluation.--
                            (i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        shall provide for an independent 
                        evaluation of projects selected under 
                        this section that measures, to the 
                        maximum extent practicable, the impact 
                        on health and nutrition.
                            (ii) Requirement.--The independent 
                        evaluation under this subparagraph 
                        shall use rigorous methodologies, 
                        particularly random assignment or other 
                        methods that are capable of producing 
                        scientifically valid information 
                        regarding which activities are 
                        effective.
                    (B) Costs.--The Secretary may use funds not 
                to exceed 7 percent of the funding provided to 
                carry out this section to pay costs associated 
                with evaluating the outcomes of the healthy 
                fluid milk incentive projects.
            (2) Reporting.--Not later than December 31 of 2020, 
        and biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
        includes a description of--
                    (A) the status of each healthy fluid milk 
                incentives project, and
                    (B) the results of any completed evaluation 
                that--
                            (i) include, to the maximum extent 
                        practicable, the impact of the healthy 
                        fluid milk incentive projects on health 
                        and nutrition outcomes among households 
                        participating in such projects, and
                            (ii) have not been submitted in a 
                        previous report under this paragraph.
            (3) Public dissemination.--In addition to the 
        reporting requirements under paragraph (2), evaluation 
        results shall be shared publicly to promote wide use of 
        successful strategies.
    (e) Funding.--
            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated $20,000,000 to carry out 
        and evaluate the outcomes of projects under this 
        section, to remain available until expended.
            (2) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds 
        appropriated under paragraph (1) in advance 
        specifically to carry out this section shall be 
        available to carry out this section.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

SEC. 5101. MODIFICATION OF THE 3-YEAR EXPERIENCE ELIGIBILITY 
                    REQUIREMENT FOR FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.

    Section 302(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922(b)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
            ``(4) Waiver authority.--In the case of a qualified 
        beginning farmer or rancher, the Secretary may--
                    ``(A) reduce the 3-year requirement in 
                paragraph (1) to 1 or 2 years, if the farmer or 
                rancher has--
                            ``(i) not less than 16 credit hours 
                        of post-secondary education in a field 
                        related to agriculture;
                            ``(ii) successfully completed a 
                        farm management curriculum offered by a 
                        cooperative extension service, a 
                        community college, an adult vocational 
                        agriculture program, a nonprofit 
                        organization, or a land-grant college 
                        or university;
                            ``(iii) at least 1 year of 
                        experience as hired farm labor with 
                        substantial management 
                        responsibilities;
                            ``(iv) successfully completed a 
                        farm mentorship, apprenticeship, or 
                        internship program with an emphasis on 
                        management requirements and day-to-day 
                        farm management decisions;
                            ``(v) significant business 
                        management experience;
                            ``(vi) been honorably discharged 
                        from the armed forces of the United 
                        States;
                            ``(vii) successfully repaid a youth 
                        loan made under section 311(b); or
                            ``(viii) an established 
                        relationship with an individual who has 
                        experience in farming or ranching, or 
                        is a retired farmer or rancher, and is 
                        participating as a counselor in a 
                        Service Corps of Retired Executives 
                        program authorized under section 
                        8(b)(1)(B) of the Small Business Act 
                        (15 U.S.C. 637(b)(1)(B)), or with a 
                        local farm or ranch operator or 
                        organization, approved by the 
                        Secretary, that is committed to 
                        mentoring the farmer or rancher; or
                    ``(B) waive the 3-year requirement in 
                paragraph (1) if the farmer or rancher meets 
                the requirements of clauses (iii) and (viii) of 
                subparagraph (A).''.

SEC. 5102. CONSERVATION LOAN AND LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.

    Section 304(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(h)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 5103. LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.

    Section 305 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1925) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``$300,000'' and inserting 
                ``$600,000'';
                    (B) by striking ``$700,000'' and inserting 
                ``$1,750,000''; and
                    (C) by striking ``2000'' and inserting 
                ``2019''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``August'' and inserting ``July''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``ending 
                on August 31, 1996'' and inserting ``that 
                immediately precedes the 12-month period 
                described in paragraph (1)''.

SEC. 5104. RELENDING PROGRAM TO RESOLVE OWNERSHIP AND SUCCESSION ON 
                    FARMLAND.

    Subtitle A of title III of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922 et seq.) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:

``SEC. 310I. RELENDING PROGRAM TO RESOLVE OWNERSHIP AND SUCCESSION ON 
                    FARMLAND.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make loans to eligible 
entities described in subsection (b) so that the eligible 
entities may relend the funds to individuals and entities for 
the purposes described in subsection (c).
    ``(b) Eligible Entities.--Entities eligible for loans 
described in subsection (a) are cooperatives, credit unions, 
and nonprofit organizations with--
            ``(1) certification under section 1805.201 of title 
        12, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
        regulations), to operate as a lender;
            ``(2) experience assisting socially disadvantaged 
        farmers and ranchers (as defined in subsection (a) of 
        section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
        and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)) or limited 
        resource or new and beginning farmers and ranchers, 
        rural businesses, cooperatives, or credit unions, 
        including experience in making and servicing 
        agricultural and commercial loans; and
            ``(3) the ability to provide adequate assurance of 
        the repayment of a loan.
    ``(c) Eligible Purposes.--The proceeds from loans made by 
the Secretary pursuant to subsection (a) shall be re-lent by 
eligible entities for projects that assist heirs with undivided 
ownership interests to resolve ownership and succession on 
farmland that has multiple owners.
    ``(d) Preference.--In making loans under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall give preference to eligible entities--
            ``(1) with not less than 10 years of experience 
        serving socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers; 
        and
            ``(2) in States that have adopted a statute 
        consisting of an enactment or adoption of the Uniform 
        Partition of Heirs Property Act, as approved and 
        recommended for enactment in all States by the National 
        Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws in 
        2010, that relend to owners of heirs property (as 
        defined in that Act).
    ``(e) Loan Terms and Conditions.--The following terms and 
conditions shall apply to loans made under this section:
            ``(1) The interest rate at which intermediaries may 
        borrow funds under this section shall be determined by 
        the Secretary.
            ``(2) The rates, terms, and payment structure for 
        borrowers to which intermediaries lend shall be--
                    ``(A) determined by the intermediary in an 
                amount sufficient to cover the cost of 
                operating and sustaining the revolving loan 
                fund; and
                    ``(B) clearly and publicly disclosed to 
                qualified ultimate borrowers.
            ``(3) Borrowers to which intermediaries lend shall 
        be--
                    ``(A) required to complete a succession 
                plan as a condition of the loan; and
                    ``(B) be offered the opportunity to borrow 
                sufficient funds to cover costs associated with 
                the succession plan under subparagraph (A) and 
                other associated legal and closing costs.
    ``(f) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this section, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
Senate a report describing the operation and outcomes of the 
program under this section, with recommendations on how to 
strengthen the program.
    ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

SEC. 5201. LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF OPERATING LOANS.

    Section 313 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1943) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``$300,000'' and inserting 
                ``$400,000'';
                    (B) by striking ``$700,000'' and inserting 
                ``$1,750,000''; and
                    (C) by striking ``2000'' and inserting 
                ``2019''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``August'' and inserting ``July''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``ending 
                on August 31, 1996'' and inserting ``that 
                immediately precedes the 12-month period 
                described in paragraph (1)''.

SEC. 5202. MICROLOANS.

    Section 313(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1943(c)(2)) is amended by striking 
``title'' and inserting ``subsection''.

SEC. 5203. COOPERATIVE LENDING PILOT PROJECTS.

    Section 313(c)(4)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1943(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

                 Subtitle C--Administrative Provisions

SEC. 5301. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNTS 
                    PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 333B(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983b(h)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 5302. LOAN AUTHORIZATION LEVELS.

    Section 346(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
        striking ``$4,226,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 
        through 2018'' and inserting ``$10,000,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and 
        inserting the following:
                    ``(A) $3,000,000,000 shall be for direct 
                loans, of which--
                            ``(i) $1,500,000,000 shall be for 
                        farm ownership loans under subtitle A; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) $1,500,000,000 shall be for 
                        operating loans under subtitle B; and
                    ``(B) $7,000,000,000 shall be for 
                guaranteed loans, of which--
                            ``(i) $3,500,000,000 shall be for 
                        farm ownership loans under subtitle A; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) $3,500,000,000 shall be for 
                        operating loans under subtitle B.''.

SEC. 5303. LOAN FUND SET-ASIDES.

    Section 346(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 5304. USE OF ADDITIONAL FUNDS FOR DIRECT OPERATING MICROLOANS 
                    UNDER CERTAIN CONDITIONS.

    Section 346(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
            ``(5) Use of additional funds for direct operating 
        microloans under certain conditions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary 
                determines that the amount needed for a fiscal 
                year for direct operating loans (including 
                microloans) under subtitle B is greater than 
                the aggregate principal amount authorized for 
                that fiscal year by this Act, an appropriations 
                Act, or any other provision of law, the 
                Secretary shall make additional microloans 
                under subtitle B using amounts made available 
                under subparagraph (C).
                    ``(B) Notice.--Not later than 15 days 
                before the date on which the Secretary uses the 
                authority under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall submit a notice of the use of that 
                authority to--
                            ``(i) the Committee on 
                        Appropriations of the House of 
                        Representatives;
                            ``(ii) the Committee on 
                        Appropriations of the Senate;
                            ``(iii) the Committee on 
                        Agriculture of the House of 
                        Representatives; and
                            ``(iv) the Committee on 
                        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
                        the Senate.
                    ``(C) Authorization of appropriations.--
                There is authorized to be appropriated to carry 
                out this paragraph $5,000,000 for each of 
                fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 5305. EQUITABLE RELIEF.

    The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is amended 
by inserting after section 365 (7 U.S.C. 2008) the following:

``SEC. 366. EQUITABLE RELIEF.

    ``(a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary 
may provide a form of relief described in subsection (c) to any 
farmer or rancher who--
            ``(1) received a direct farm ownership, operating, 
        or emergency loan under this title; and
            ``(2) the Secretary determines is not in compliance 
        with the requirements of this title with respect to the 
        loan.
    ``(b) Limitation.--The Secretary may only provide relief to 
a farmer or rancher under subsection (a) if the Secretary 
determines that the farmer or rancher--
            ``(1) acted in good faith; and
            ``(2) relied on an action of, or the advice of, the 
        Secretary (including any authorized representative of 
        the Secretary) to the detriment of the farming or 
        ranching operation of the farmer or rancher.
    ``(c) Forms of Relief.--The Secretary may provide to a 
farmer or rancher under subsection (a) any of the following 
forms of relief:
            ``(1) The farmer or rancher may retain loans or 
        other benefits received in association with the loan 
        with respect to which the farmer or rancher was 
        determined to be noncompliant under subsection (a)(2).
            ``(2) The farmer or rancher may receive such other 
        equitable relief as the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.
    ``(d) Condition.--As a condition of receiving relief under 
this section, the Secretary may require the farmer or rancher 
to take actions designed to remedy the noncompliance.
    ``(e) Administrative Appeal; Judicial Review.--A 
determination or action of the Secretary under this section--
            ``(1) shall be final; and
            ``(2) shall not be subject to administrative appeal 
        or judicial review under chapter 7 of title 5, United 
        States Code.''.

SEC. 5306. SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS; QUALIFIED 
                    BEGINNING FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

    The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is amended 
by inserting after section 366 (as added by section 5305) the 
following:

``SEC. 367. SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS; QUALIFIED 
                    BEGINNING FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

    ``In the case of a loan guaranteed by the Secretary under 
subtitle A or B to a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher 
(as defined in section 355(e)) or a qualified beginning farmer 
or rancher, the Secretary may provide for a standard guarantee 
plan, which shall cover an amount equal to 95 percent of the 
outstanding principal of the loan.''.

SEC. 5307. EMERGENCY LOAN ELIGIBILITY.

    Section 373(b)(2)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2008h(b)(2)(B)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as 
        subclauses (I) and (II), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately;
            (2) in the matter preceding subclause (I) (as so 
        redesignated), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
        inserting the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary''; 
                        and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ii) Restructured loans.--For 
                        purposes of clause (i), a borrower who 
                        was restructured with a write-down or 
                        restructuring under section 353 shall 
                        not be considered to have received debt 
                        forgiveness on a loan made or 
                        guaranteed under this title.''.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

SEC. 5401. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO THE CONSOLIDATED FARM AND RURAL 
                    DEVELOPMENT ACT.

    (a)(1) Section 321(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1961(a)) is amended in the second 
sentence by striking ``and limited liability companies'' and 
inserting ``limited liability companies, and such other legal 
entities''.
    (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
as if included in the enactment of section 5201(2)(C) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79) in lieu of the 
amendment made by such section.
    (b)(1) Section 331D(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1981d(e)) is amended by inserting 
after ``within 60 days after receipt of the notice required in 
this section'' the following: ``or, in extraordinary 
circumstances as determined by the applicable State director, 
after the 60-day period''.
    (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
as if included in the enactment of section 10 of the 
Agricultural Credit Improvement Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-
554).
    (c)(1) Section 333A(f)(1)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983a(f)(1)(A)) is amended by 
striking ``114'' and inserting ``339''.
    (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
as if included in the enactment of section 14 of the 
Agricultural Credit Improvement Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-
554).
    (d) Section 339(d)(3) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C.1989(d)(3)) is amended by striking 
``preferred certified lender'' and inserting ``Preferred 
Certified Lender''.
    (e)(1) Section 343(a)(11)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)(C)) is amended by 
striking ``or joint operators'' and inserting ``joint operator, 
or owners''.
    (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
as of the effective date of section 5303(a)(2) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79).
    (f)(1) Section 343(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(b)) is amended by striking 
``307(e)'' and inserting ``307(d)''.
    (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect 
as of the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
(Public Law 113-79).
    (g) Section 346(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C.1994(a)) is amended by striking the 
last comma.

SEC. 5402. STATE AGRICULTURAL MEDIATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Issues Covered by State Mediation Programs.--Section 
501(c) of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 
5101(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), by striking ``under the 
                        jurisdiction of the Department of 
                        Agriculture'';
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by inserting 
                        ``and the national organic program 
                        established under the Organic Foods 
                        Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 
                        et seq.)'' before the period at the 
                        end; and
                            (iii) by striking clause (vii) and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(vii) Lease issues, including 
                        land leases and equipment leases.
                            ``(viii) Family farm transition.
                            ``(ix) Farmer-neighbor disputes.
                            ``(x) Such other issues as the 
                        Secretary or the head of the department 
                        of agriculture of each participating 
                        State considers appropriate for better 
                        serving the agricultural community and 
                        persons eligible for mediation.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Mediation services.--Funding provided 
                for the mediation program of a qualifying State 
                may also be used to provide credit counseling 
                to persons described in paragraph (2)--
                            ``(i) prior to the initiation of 
                        any mediation involving the Department 
                        of Agriculture; or
                            ``(ii) unrelated to any ongoing 
                        dispute or mediation in which the 
                        Department of Agriculture is a 
                        party.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' 
                after the semicolon;
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period 
                at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iv) any other persons involved 
                        in an issue for which mediation 
                        services are provided by a mediation 
                        program described in paragraph 
                        (1)(B).''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3)(F), by striking ``that 
        persons'' and inserting the following: ``that--
                            ``(i) the Department of Agriculture 
                        receives adequate notification of those 
                        issues; and
                            ``(ii) persons''.
    (b) Report Required.--Section 505 of the Agricultural 
Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5105) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 505. REPORT.

    ``Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the 
Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall submit 
to Congress a report describing--
            ``(1) the effectiveness of the State mediation 
        programs receiving matching grants under this subtitle;
            ``(2) recommendations for improving the delivery of 
        mediation services to producers;
            ``(3) the steps being taken to ensure that State 
        mediation programs receive timely funding under this 
        subtitle; and
            ``(4) the savings to the States as a result of 
        having a mediation program.''.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 506 of the 
Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5106) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 5403. COMPENSATION OF BANK DIRECTORS.

    Section 4.21 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
2209) is repealed.

SEC. 5404. SHARING OF PRIVILEGED AND CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.

    Section 5.19 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
2254) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Sharing of Privileged and Confidential Information.--
A System institution shall not be considered to have waived the 
confidentiality of a privileged communication with an attorney 
or an accountant if the System institution provides the content 
of the communication to the Farm Credit Administration pursuant 
to the supervisory or regulatory authorities of the Farm Credit 
Administration.''.

SEC. 5405. FACILITY HEADQUARTERS.

    Section 5.16 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
2251) is amended by striking all that precedes ``to the rental 
of quarters'' and inserting the following:

``SEC. 5.16. QUARTERS AND FACILITIES FOR THE FARM CREDIT 
                    ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) The Farm Credit Administration shall maintain its 
principal office within the Washington D.C.-Maryland-Virginia 
standard metropolitan statistical area, and such other offices 
within the United States as in its judgment are necessary.
    ``(b) As an alternate''.

SEC. 5406. REMOVAL AND PROHIBITION AUTHORITY; INDUSTRY-WIDE 
                    PROHIBITION.

    Part C of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended 
by inserting after section 5.29 (12 U.S.C. 2265) the following:

``SEC. 5.29A. REMOVAL AND PROHIBITION AUTHORITY; INDUSTRY-WIDE 
                    PROHIBITION.

    ``(a) Definition of Person.--In this section, the term 
`person' means--
            ``(1) an individual; and
            ``(2) in the case of a specific determination by 
        the Farm Credit Administration, a legal entity.
    ``(b) Industry-wide Prohibition.--Except as provided in 
subsection (c), any person who, pursuant to an order issued 
under section 5.28 or 5.29, has been removed or suspended from 
office at a System institution or prohibited from participating 
in the conduct of the affairs of a System institution shall 
not, during the period of effectiveness of the order, continue 
or commence to hold any office in, or participate in any manner 
in the conduct of the affairs of--
            ``(1) any insured depository institution subject to 
        section 8(e)(7)(A)(i) of the Federal Deposit Insurance 
        Act (12 U.S.C. 1818(e)(7)(A)(i));
            ``(2) any institution subject to section 
        8(e)(7)(A)(ii) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 
        U.S.C. 1818(e)(7)(A)(ii));
            ``(3) any insured credit union under the Federal 
        Credit Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);
            ``(4) any Federal home loan bank;
            ``(5) any institution chartered under this Act;
            ``(6) any appropriate Federal financial 
        institutions regulatory agency (as defined in section 
        8(e)(7)(D) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 
        U.S.C. 1818(e)(7)(D)));
            ``(7) the Federal Housing Finance Agency; or
            ``(8) the Farm Credit Administration.
    ``(c) Exception for Institution-affiliated Party That 
Receives Written Consent.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Affiliated parties.--If, on or after 
                the date on which an order described in 
                subsection (b) is issued that removes or 
                suspends an institution-affiliated party from 
                office at a System institution or prohibits an 
                institution-affiliated party from participating 
                in the conduct of the affairs of a System 
                institution, that party receives written 
                consent described in subparagraph (B), 
                subsection (b) shall not apply to that party--
                            ``(i) to the extent provided in the 
                        written consent received; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to the 
                        institution described in each written 
                        consent.
                    ``(B) Written consent described.--The 
                written consent referred to in subparagraph (A) 
                is written consent received from--
                            ``(i) the Farm Credit 
                        Administration; and
                            ``(ii) each appropriate Federal 
                        financial institutions regulatory 
                        agency (as defined in section 
                        8(e)(7)(D) of the Federal Deposit 
                        Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 
                        1818(e)(7)(D))) of the applicable 
                        institution described in any of 
                        paragraphs (1), (2), (3), or (4) of 
                        subsection (b) with respect to which 
                        the party proposes to be become an 
                        affiliated party.
            ``(2) Disclosure.--Any agency described in clause 
        (i) or (ii) of paragraph (1)(B) that provides a written 
        consent under that paragraph shall--
                    ``(A) report the action to the Farm Credit 
                Administration; and
                    ``(B) publicly disclose the action.
            ``(3) Consultation between agencies.--The agencies 
        described in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (1)(B) 
        shall consult with each other before providing any 
        written consent under that paragraph.
    ``(d) Violations.--A violation of subsection (b) by any 
person who is subject to an order described in that subsection 
shall be treated as violation of that order.''.

SEC. 5407. JURISDICTION OVER INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTIES.

    Part C of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended 
by inserting after section 5.31 (12 U.S.C. 2267) the following:

``SEC. 5.31A. JURISDICTION OVER INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTIES.

    ``(a) In General.--For purposes of sections 5.25, 5.26, and 
5.32, the jurisdiction of the Farm Credit Administration over 
parties, and the authority of the Farm Credit Administration to 
initiate actions, shall include enforcement authority over 
institution-affiliated parties.
    ``(b) Effect of Separation on Jurisdiction and Authority.--
Subject to subsection (c), the resignation, termination of 
employment or participation, or separation of an institution-
affiliated party (including a separation caused by the merger, 
consolidation, conservatorship, or receivership of a Farm 
Credit System institution) shall not affect the jurisdiction 
and authority of the Farm Credit Administration to issue any 
notice or order and proceed under this part against that party.
    ``(c) Limitation.--To proceed against a party under 
subsection (b), the notice or order described in that 
subsection shall be served not later than 6 years after the 
date on which the party ceased to be an institution-affiliated 
party with respect to the applicable Farm Credit System 
institution.
    ``(d) Applicability.--The date on which a party ceases to 
be an institution-affiliated party described in subsection (c) 
may occur before, on, or after the date of enactment of this 
section.''.

SEC. 5408. DEFINITION OF INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTY.

    Section 5.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
2271) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
        (5); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
            ``(4) the term `institution-affiliated party' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a director, officer, employee, 
                shareholder, or agent of a System institution;
                    ``(B) an independent contractor (including 
                an attorney, appraiser, or accountant) who 
                knowingly or recklessly participates in--
                            ``(i) a violation of law (including 
                        regulations) that is associated with 
                        the operations and activities of 1 or 
                        more System institutions;
                            ``(ii) a breach of fiduciary duty; 
                        or
                            ``(iii) an unsafe practice that 
                        causes or is likely to cause more than 
                        a minimum financial loss to, or a 
                        significant adverse effect on, a System 
                        institution; and
                    ``(C) any other person, as determined by 
                the Farm Credit Administration (by regulation 
                or on a case-by-case basis) who participates in 
                the conduct of the affairs of a System 
                institution; and''.

SEC. 5409. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS.

    Section 5.65 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
2277a-14) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Prohibition on Uses of Funds Related to Federal 
Agricultural Mortgage Corporation.--No funds from 
administrative accounts or from the Farm Credit System 
Insurance Fund may be used by the Corporation to provide 
assistance to the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation or 
to support any activities related to the Federal Agricultural 
Mortgage Corporation.''.

SEC. 5410. EXPANSION OF ACREAGE EXCEPTION TO LOAN AMOUNT LIMITATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit Act 
of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-8(c)(2)) is amended by striking 
``1,000'' and inserting ``2,000''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect 1 year after the date a report submitted in 
accordance with section 5414 of this Act indicates that it is 
feasible to increase the acreage limitation in section 
8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 to 2,000 acres.

SEC. 5411. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE PROVISIONS; TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

            (1) Section 1.1(c) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2001(c)) is amended in the first sentence by 
        striking ``including any costs of defeasance under 
        section 4.8(b),''.
            (2) Section 1.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2002) is amended by striking subsection (a) and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(a) Composition.--The Farm Credit System shall include 
the Farm Credit Banks, the bank for cooperatives, Agricultural 
Credit Banks, the Federal Land Bank Associations, the Federal 
Land Credit Associations, the Production Credit Associations, 
the agricultural credit associations, the Federal Farm Credit 
Banks Funding Corporation, the Federal Agricultural Mortgage 
Corporation, service corporations established pursuant to 
section 4.25, and such other institutions as may be made a part 
of the Farm Credit System, all of which shall be chartered by 
and subject to regulation by the Farm Credit Administration.''.
            (3) Section 2.4 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2075) is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (4) Section 3.0(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2121(a)) is amended--
                    (A) in the third sentence, by striking 
                ``and a Central Bank for Cooperatives''; and
                    (B) by striking the fifth sentence.
            (5) Section 3.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2123) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                        ``not merged into the United Bank for 
                        Cooperatives or the National Bank for 
                        Cooperatives''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)(A), in the 
                        matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        striking ``(other than the National 
                        Bank for Cooperatives)'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (b);
                    (C) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) by striking ``(a)(1) Each 
                        bank'' and inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--Each bank''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``(2)(A) If 
                        approved'' and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Nomination and Election.--
            ``(1) In general.--If approved'';
                    (D) in subsection (b)(1) (as so 
                designated)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``(B) The total'' and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Number of votes.--The total''; and
                            (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) 
                        and (ii) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), 
                        respectively, and indenting 
                        appropriately; and
                    (E) in paragraph (2) (as so designated), by 
                striking ``paragraph'' and inserting 
                ``subsection''.
            (6) Section 3.5 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2126) is amended in the third sentence by 
        striking ``district''.
            (7) Section 3.7(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2128(a)) is amended by striking the second 
        sentence.
            (8) Section 3.8(b)(1)(A) of the Farm Credit Act of 
        1971 (12 U.S.C. 2129(b)(1)(A)) is amended by inserting 
        ``(or any successor agency)'' after ``Rural 
        Electrification Administration''.
            (9) Section 3.9(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2130(a)) is amended by striking the third 
        sentence.
            (10) Section 3.10 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2131) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c), by striking the 
                second sentence; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) by striking ``district'' each 
                        place it appears; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``for 
                        cooperatives (or any successor bank)'' 
                        before ``on account''.
            (11) Section 3.11 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2132) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), in the first 
                sentence, by striking ``subsections (b) and (c) 
                of this section'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (b)'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in the first sentence, by 
                        striking ``district''; and
                            (ii) in the second sentence, by 
                        striking ``Except as provided in 
                        subsection (c) below, all'' and 
                        inserting ``All'';
                    (C) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (D) by redesignating subsections (d) 
                through (f) as subsections (c) through (e), 
                respectively.
            (12) Part B of title III of the Farm Credit Act of 
        1971 (12 U.S.C. 2141 et seq.) is amended in the part 
        heading by striking ``United and''.
            (13) Section 3.20 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2141) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``or the 
                United Bank for Cooperatives, as the case may 
                be''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the 
                district banks for cooperatives and the Central 
                Bank for Cooperatives'' and inserting ``the 
                constituent banks described in section 413(b) 
                of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (12 
                U.S.C. 2121 note; Public Law 100-233)''.
            (14) Section 3.21 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2142) is repealed.
            (15) Section 3.28 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2149) is amended by striking ``a district 
        bank for cooperatives and the Central Bank for 
        Cooperatives'' and inserting ``the constituent banks 
        described in section 413(b) of the Agricultural Credit 
        Act of 1987 (12 U.S.C. 2121 note; Public Law 100-
        233)''.
            (16) Section 3.29 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2149a) is repealed.
            (17) Section 4.0 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2151) is repealed.
            (18) Section 4.8 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2159) is amended--
                    (A) by striking the section designation and 
                heading and all that follows through ``Each 
                bank'' in subsection (a) and inserting the 
                following:

``SEC. 4.8. PURCHASE AND SALE OF OBLIGATIONS.

    ``Each bank''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (b).
            (19) Section 4.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2160) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (2) and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(3) Representation of board.--The Farm Credit 
        System Insurance Corporation shall not have 
        representation on the board of directors of the 
        Corporation.'';
                            (ii) in the undesignated matter 
                        following paragraph (1)(D), by striking 
                        ``In selecting'' and inserting the 
                        following:
            ``(2) Considerations.--In selecting''; and
                            (iii) in paragraph (2) (as so 
                        designated), by inserting ``of 
                        paragraph (1)'' after ``(A) and (B)'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (f) as 
                subsection (e).
            (20) Section 4.9A(c) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2162(c)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``institution, and--'' in 
                the matter preceding paragraph (1) and all that 
                follows through the period at the end of 
                paragraph (2) and inserting ``institution.'';
                    (B) by striking ``If an institution'' and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--If an institution'';
                    (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by 
                striking ``the receiver of the institution'' 
                and inserting ``the Farm Credit System 
                Insurance Corporation, acting as receiver,''; 
                and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Funding.--The Farm Credit System Insurance 
        Corporation shall use such funds from the Farm Credit 
        Insurance Fund as are sufficient to carry out this 
        section.''.
            (21) Section 4.12A(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 
        1971 (12 U.S.C. 2184(a)) is amended by striking 
        paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--A Farm Credit System bank or 
        association shall provide to a stockholder of the bank 
        or association a current list of stockholders of the 
        bank or association not later than 7 calendar days 
        after the date on which the bank or association 
        receives a written request for the stockholder list 
        from the stockholder.''.
            (22) Section 4.14A of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2202a) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        paragraph (1), by inserting ``and 
                        section 4.36'' before the colon at the 
                        end; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (5)(B)(ii)(I), by 
                        striking ``4.14C,'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (h);
                    (C) by redesignating subsections (i) 
                through (l) as subsections (h) through (k), 
                respectively; and
                    (D) in subsection (k) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``production credit''.
            (23) Section 4.14C of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2202c) is repealed.
            (24) Section 4.17 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2205) is amended in the third sentence by 
        striking ``Federal intermediate credit banks and''.
            (25) Section 4.19(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2207(a)) is amended--
                    (A) in the first sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``district''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``Federal land 
                        bank association and production 
                        credit''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking 
                ``units'' and inserting ``institutions''.
            (26) Section 4.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2219c) is amended by striking ``The 
        Assistance Board established under section 6.0 and 
        all'' and inserting ``All''.
            (27) Section 4.39 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2219d) is amended by striking ``8.0(7))'' 
        and inserting ``8.0)''.
            (28) Section 5.16 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2251) is amended in the undesignated matter 
        following paragraph (5) of subsection (b) (as 
        designated by section 5405)--
                    (A) in the fifth sentence, by striking ``In 
                actions undertaken by the banks pursuant to the 
                foregoing provisions of this section'' and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(5) Agent for banks.--In actions undertaken by 
        the banks pursuant to this section'';
                    (B) in the fourth sentence, by striking 
                ``The plans'' and inserting the following:
            ``(4) Approval of board.--The plans'';
                    (C) in the third sentence, by striking 
                ``The powers'' and inserting the following:
            ``(3) Powers of banks.--The powers'';
                    (D) in the second sentence, by striking 
                ``Such advances'' and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Advances.--The advances of funds described in 
        paragraph (1)''; and
                    (E) in the first sentence, by striking 
                ``The Board'' and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Financing.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Board''.
            (29) Section 5.17(a)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 
        1971 (12 U.S.C. 2252(a)(2)) is amended by striking the 
        second and third sentences.
            (30) Section 5.18 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2253) is repealed.
            (31) Section 5.19 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2254) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in the first sentence, by 
                        striking ``Except for Federal land bank 
                        associations, each'' and inserting 
                        ``Each''; and
                            (ii) by striking the second 
                        sentence; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by striking ``(b)(1) Each'' and 
                        inserting ``(b) Each'';
                            (ii) in the matter preceding 
                        paragraph (2) (as so designated)--
                                    (I) in the second sentence, 
                                by striking ``, except with 
                                respect to any actions taken by 
                                any banks of the System under 
                                section 4.8(b),''; and
                                    (II) by striking the third 
                                sentence; and
                            (iii) by striking paragraphs (2) 
                        and (3).
            (32) Section 5.31 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2267) is amended in the second sentence by 
        striking ``4.14A(i)'' and inserting ``4.14A(h)''.
            (33) Section 5.32(h) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2268(h)) is amended by striking ``4.14A(i)'' 
        and inserting ``4.14A(h)''.
            (34) Section 5.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2271) is amended in paragraph (5) (as 
        redesignated by section 5408(2))--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (B);
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (B); and
                    (D) in subparagraph (B) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                            (i) by striking ``after December 
                        31, 1992,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``by the Farm 
                        Credit System Assistance Board under 
                        section 6.6 or''.
            (35) Section 5.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2274) is amended by striking ``a farm'' and 
        all that follows through ``land bank'' and inserting 
        ``a Farm Credit Bank board, officer, or employee shall 
        not remove any director or officer of any''.
            (36) Section 5.44 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2275) is repealed.
            (37) Section 5.58(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2277a-7(2)) is amended by striking the 
        second sentence.
            (38) Section 5.60 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2277a-9) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking the 
                subsection designation and heading and all that 
                follows through ``The Corporation'' in 
                paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Amounts in Fund.--The Corporation''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(2), by striking 
                ``Insurance Fund to--'' in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A) and all that follows through 
                ``ensure'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting 
                ``Insurance Fund to ensure''.
            (39) Title VI of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2278a et seq.) is repealed.
            (40) Section 7.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2279c-2) is amended by striking subsection (c).
            (41) Section 7.10(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2279d(a)) is amended by striking paragraph 
        (4) and inserting the following:
            ``(4) the institution pays to the Farm Credit 
        Insurance Fund the amount by which the total capital of 
        the institution exceeds 6 percent of the assets;''.
            (42) Section 8.0 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2279aa) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``means--
                '' in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) and 
                all that follows through the period at the end 
                of the undesignated matter following 
                subparagraph (B) and inserting ``means the 
                board of directors established under section 
                8.2.'';
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (6) and (8);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (7), (9), 
                and (10) as paragraphs (6), (7), and (8), 
                respectively; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (B)(i) of paragraph (7) 
                (as so redesignated), by striking ``(b) through 
                (d)'' and inserting ``(b) and (c)''.
            (43) Section 8.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2279aa-2) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a);
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking the 
                subsection designation and heading and all that 
                follows through the period at the end of 
                paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Corporation shall be 
        under the management of the board of directors.'';
                    (C) in subsection (a) (as so designated)--
                            (i) by striking ``permanent board'' 
                        each place it appears and inserting 
                        ``Board'';
                            (ii) by striking paragraph (3);
                            (iii) by redesignating paragraphs 
                        (4) through (10) as paragraphs (3) 
                        through (9), respectively; and
                            (iv) in paragraph (3)(A) (as so 
                        redesignated), by striking ``(6)'' and 
                        inserting ``(5)''; and
                    (D) by redesignating subsection (c) as 
                subsection (b).
            (44) Section 8.4(a)(1) of the Farm Credit Act of 
        1971 (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-4(a)(1)) is amended--
                    (A) in the sixth sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``Class B'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(iii) Class b stock.--Class B''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``8.2(b)(2)(B)'' 
                        and inserting ``8.2(a)(2)(B)'';
                    (B) in the fifth sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``Class A'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(ii) Class a stock.--Class A''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``8.2(b)(2)(A)'' 
                        and inserting ``8.2(a)(2)(A)'';
                    (C) in the fourth sentence, by striking 
                ``The stock'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(D) Classes of stock.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The stock'';
                    (D) by striking the third sentence and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(C) Offers.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Board shall 
                        offer the voting common stock to banks, 
                        other financial institutions, insurance 
                        companies, and System institutions 
                        under such terms and conditions as the 
                        Board may adopt.
                            ``(ii) Requirements.--The voting 
                        common stock shall be fairly and 
                        broadly offered to ensure that--
                                    ``(I) no institution or 
                                institutions acquire a 
                                disproportionate share of the 
                                total quantity of the voting 
                                common stock outstanding of a 
                                class of stock; and
                                    ``(II) capital 
                                contributions and issuances of 
                                voting common stock for the 
                                contributions are fairly 
                                distributed between entities 
                                eligible to hold class A stock 
                                and class B stock.'';
                    (E) in the second sentence, by striking 
                ``Each share'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Number of votes.--Each share''; and
                    (F) in the first sentence, by striking 
                ``The Corporation'' and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation''.
            (45) Section 8.6 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2279aa-6) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d);
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as 
                subsection (d); and
                    (C) in paragraph (2) of subsection (d) (as 
                so redesignated), by striking ``8.0(9))'' and 
                inserting ``8.0)''.
            (46) Section 8.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2279aa-9) is amended by striking ``4.14C,'' each 
        place it appears.
            (47) Section 8.11(e) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-11(e)) is amended by striking 
        ``8.0(7))'' and inserting ``8.0)''.
            (48) Section 8.32(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-1(a)) is amended--
                    (A) in the first sentence of the matter 
                preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``Not 
                sooner than the expiration of the 3-year period 
                beginning on the date of enactment of the Farm 
                Credit System Reform Act of 1996, the'' and 
                inserting ``The''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking 
                ``8.0(9)(C)'' and inserting ``8.0(7)(C)''.
            (49) Section 8.33(b)(2)(A) of the Farm Credit Act 
        of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-2(b)(2)(A)) is amended by 
        striking ``8.6(e)'' and inserting ``8.6(d)''.
            (50) Section 8.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-4) is amended by striking subsection 
        (e).
            (51) Section 8.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-7) is repealed.
            (52) Section 4 of the Agricultural Marketing Act 
        (12 U.S.C. 1141b) is repealed.
            (53) Section 5 of the Agricultural Marketing Act 
        (12 U.S.C. 1141c) is repealed.
            (54) Section 6 of the Agricultural Marketing Act 
        (12 U.S.C. 1141d) is repealed.
            (55) Section 7 of the Agricultural Marketing Act 
        (12 U.S.C. 1141e) is repealed.
            (56) Section 8 of the Agricultural Marketing Act 
        (12 U.S.C. 1141f) is repealed.
            (57) Section 14 of the Agricultural Marketing Act 
        (12 U.S.C. 1141i) is repealed.
            (58) The Act of June 22, 1939 (53 Stat. 853, 
        chapter 239; 12 U.S.C. 1141d-1), is repealed.
            (59) Section 201(e) of the Emergency Relief and 
        Construction Act of 1932 (12 U.S.C. 1148) is repealed.
            (60) Section 2 of the Act of July 14, 1953 (67 
        Stat. 150, chapter 192; 12 U.S.C. 1148a-4), is 
        repealed.
            (61) Section 32 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 
        U.S.C. 1148b) is repealed.
            (62) Section 33 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 
        U.S.C. 1148c) is repealed.
            (63) Section 34 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 
        U.S.C. 1148d) is repealed.
            (64) The Joint Resolution of March 3, 1932 (47 
        Stat. 60, chapter 70; 12 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.), is 
        repealed.

SEC. 5412. CORPORATION AS CONSERVATOR OR RECEIVER; CERTAIN OTHER 
                    POWERS.

    Part E of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended 
by inserting after section 5.61B (12 U.S.C. 2277a-10b) the 
following:

``SEC. 5.61C. CORPORATION AS CONSERVATOR OR RECEIVER; CERTAIN OTHER 
                    POWERS.

    ``(a) Definition of Institution.--In this section, the term 
`institution' includes any System institution for which the 
Corporation has been appointed as conservator or receiver.
    ``(b) Certain Powers and Duties of Corporation as 
Conservator or Receiver.--In addition to the powers inherent in 
the express grant of corporate authority under section 5.58(9), 
and other powers exercised by the Corporation under this part, 
the Corporation shall have the following express powers to act 
as a conservator or receiver:
            ``(1) Rulemaking authority of corporation.--The 
        Corporation may prescribe such regulations as the 
        Corporation determines to be appropriate regarding the 
        conduct of conservatorships or receiverships.
            ``(2) General powers.--
                    ``(A) Successor to system institution.--The 
                Corporation shall, as conservator or receiver, 
                and by operation of law, succeed to--
                            ``(i) all rights, titles, powers, 
                        and privileges of the System 
                        institution, and of any stockholder, 
                        member, officer, or director of such 
                        System institution with respect to the 
                        System institution and the assets of 
                        the System institution; and
                            ``(ii) title to the books, records, 
                        and assets of any previous conservator 
                        or other legal custodian of such System 
                        institution.
                    ``(B) Operate the system institution.--The 
                Corporation may, as conservator or receiver--
                            ``(i) take over the assets of and 
                        operate the System institution with all 
                        the powers of the stockholders or 
                        members, the directors, and the 
                        officers of the System institution and 
                        conduct all business of the System 
                        institution;
                            ``(ii) collect all obligations and 
                        money due the System institution;
                            ``(iii) perform all functions of 
                        the System institution in the name of 
                        the System institution which are 
                        consistent with the appointment as 
                        conservator or receiver;
                            ``(iv) preserve and conserve the 
                        assets and property of such System 
                        institution; and
                            ``(v) provide by contract for 
                        assistance in fulfilling any function, 
                        activity, action, or duty of the 
                        Corporation as conservator or receiver.
                    ``(C) Functions of system institution's 
                officers, directors, members, and 
                stockholders.--The Corporation may, by 
                regulation or order, provide for the exercise 
                of any function by any stockholder, member, 
                director, or officer of any System institution 
                for which the Corporation has been appointed 
                conservator or receiver.
                    ``(D) Powers as conservator.--Subject to 
                any Farm Credit Administration approvals 
                required under this Act, the Corporation may, 
                as conservator, take such action as may be--
                            ``(i) necessary to put the System 
                        institution in a sound and solvent 
                        condition; and
                            ``(ii) appropriate to carry on the 
                        business of the System institution and 
                        preserve and conserve the assets and 
                        property of the System institution.
                    ``(E) Additional powers as receiver.--The 
                Corporation may, as receiver, liquidate the 
                System institution and proceed to realize upon 
                the assets of the System institution, in such 
                manner as the Corporation determines to be 
                appropriate.
                    ``(F) Organization of new system bank.--The 
                Corporation may, as receiver with respect to 
                any System bank, organize a bridge System bank 
                under subsection (h).
                    ``(G) Merger; transfer of assets and 
                liabilities.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to 
                        clause (ii), the Corporation may, as 
                        conservator or receiver--
                                    ``(I) merge the System 
                                institution with another System 
                                institution; and
                                    ``(II) transfer or sell any 
                                asset or liability of the 
                                System institution in default 
                                without any approval, 
                                assignment, or consent with 
                                respect to such transfer.
                            ``(ii) Approval.--No merger or 
                        transfer under clause (i) may be made 
                        to another System institution (other 
                        than a bridge System bank under 
                        subsection (h)) without the approval of 
                        the Farm Credit Administration.
                    ``(H) Payment of valid obligations.--The 
                Corporation, as conservator or receiver, shall, 
                to the extent that proceeds are realized from 
                the performance of contracts or the sale of the 
                assets of a System institution, pay all valid 
                obligations of the System institution in 
                accordance with the prescriptions and 
                limitations of this section.
                    ``(I) Incidental powers.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Corporation 
                        may, as conservator or receiver--
                                    ``(I) exercise all powers 
                                and authorities specifically 
                                granted to conservators or 
                                receivers, respectively, under 
                                this section and such 
                                incidental powers as shall be 
                                necessary to carry out such 
                                powers; and
                                    ``(II) take any action 
                                authorized by this section, 
                                which the Corporation 
                                determines is in the best 
                                interests of--
                                            ``(aa) the System 
                                        institution in 
                                        receivership or 
                                        conservatorship;
                                            ``(bb) System 
                                        institutions;
                                            ``(cc) System 
                                        institution 
                                        stockholders or 
                                        investors; or
                                            ``(dd) the 
                                        Corporation.
                            ``(ii) Termination of rights and 
                        claims.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Except 
                                as provided in subclause (II), 
                                notwithstanding any other 
                                provision of law, the 
                                appointment of the Corporation 
                                as receiver for a System 
                                institution and the succession 
                                of the Corporation, by 
                                operation of law, to the 
                                rights, titles, powers, and 
                                privileges described in 
                                subparagraph (A) shall 
                                terminate all rights and claims 
                                that the stockholders and 
                                creditors of the System 
                                institution may have, arising 
                                as a result of their status as 
                                stockholders or creditors, 
                                against the assets or charter 
                                of the System institution or 
                                the Corporation.
                                    ``(II) Exceptions.--
                                Subclause (I) shall not 
                                terminate the right to payment, 
                                resolution, or other 
                                satisfaction of the claims of 
                                stockholders and creditors 
                                described in that subclause, as 
                                permitted under paragraphs (10) 
                                and (11) and subsection (d).
                            ``(iii) Charter.--Notwithstanding 
                        any other provision of law, for 
                        purposes of this section, the charter 
                        of a System institution shall not be 
                        considered to be an asset of the System 
                        institution.
                    ``(J) Utilization of private sector.--In 
                carrying out its responsibilities in the 
                management and disposition of assets from 
                System institutions, as conservator, receiver, 
                or in its corporate capacity, the Corporation 
                may utilize the services of private persons, 
                including real estate and loan portfolio asset 
                management, property management, auction 
                marketing, legal, and brokerage services, if 
                the Corporation determines utilization of such 
                services is practicable, efficient, and cost 
                effective.
            ``(3) Authority of receiver to determine claims.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation may, as 
                receiver, determine claims in accordance with 
                the requirements of this subsection and 
                regulations prescribed under paragraph (4).
                    ``(B) Notice requirements.--The receiver, 
                in any case involving the liquidation or 
                winding up of the affairs of a closed System 
                institution, shall--
                            ``(i) promptly publish a notice to 
                        the System institution's creditors to 
                        present their claims, together with 
                        proof, to the receiver by a date 
                        specified in the notice which shall be 
                        not less than 90 days after the 
                        publication of such notice; and
                            ``(ii) republish such notice 
                        approximately 1 month and 2 months, 
                        respectively, after the publication 
                        under clause (i).
                    ``(C) Mailing required.--The receiver shall 
                mail a notice similar to the notice published 
                under subparagraph (B)(i) at the time of such 
                publication to any creditor shown on the System 
                institution's books--
                            ``(i) at the creditor's last 
                        address appearing in such books; or
                            ``(ii) upon discovery of the name 
                        and address of a claimant not appearing 
                        on the System institution's books 
                        within 30 days after the discovery of 
                        such name and address.
            ``(4) Rulemaking authority relating to 
        determination of claims.--The Corporation may prescribe 
        regulations regarding the allowance or disallowance of 
        claims by the receiver and providing for administrative 
        determination of claims and review of such 
        determination.
            ``(5) Procedures for determination of claims.--
                    ``(A) Determination period.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Before the end 
                        of the 180-day period beginning on the 
                        date any claim against a System 
                        institution is filed with the 
                        Corporation as receiver, the 
                        Corporation shall determine whether to 
                        allow or disallow the claim and shall 
                        notify the claimant of any 
                        determination with respect to such 
                        claim.
                            ``(ii) Extension of time.--The 
                        period described in clause (i) may be 
                        extended by a written agreement between 
                        the claimant and the Corporation.
                            ``(iii) Mailing of notice 
                        sufficient.--The requirements of clause 
                        (i) shall be deemed to be satisfied if 
                        the notice of any determination with 
                        respect to any claim is mailed to the 
                        last address of the claimant which 
                        appears--
                                    ``(I) on the System 
                                institution's books;
                                    ``(II) in the claim filed 
                                by the claimant; or
                                    ``(III) in documents 
                                submitted in proof of the 
                                claim.
                            ``(iv) Contents of notice of 
                        disallowance.--If any claim filed under 
                        clause (i) is disallowed, the notice to 
                        the claimant shall contain--
                                    ``(I) a statement of each 
                                reason for the disallowance; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) the procedures 
                                available for obtaining agency 
                                review of the determination to 
                                disallow the claim or judicial 
                                determination of the claim.
                    ``(B) Allowance of proven claims.--The 
                receiver shall allow any claim received on or 
                before the date specified in the notice 
                published under paragraph (3)(B)(i) by the 
                receiver from any claimant which is proved to 
                the satisfaction of the receiver.
                    ``(C) Disallowance of claims filed after 
                end of filing period.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as 
                        provided in clause (ii), claims filed 
                        after the date specified in the notice 
                        published under paragraph (3)(B)(i) 
                        shall be disallowed and such 
                        disallowance shall be final.
                            ``(ii) Certain exceptions.--Clause 
                        (i) shall not apply with respect to any 
                        claim filed by any claimant after the 
                        date specified in the notice published 
                        under paragraph (3)(B)(i) and such 
                        claim may be considered by the receiver 
                        if--
                                    ``(I) the claimant did not 
                                receive notice of the 
                                appointment of the receiver in 
                                time to file such claim before 
                                such date; and
                                    ``(II) such claim is filed 
                                in time to permit payment of 
                                such claim.
                    ``(D) Authority to disallow claims.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The receiver may 
                        disallow any portion of any claim by a 
                        creditor or claim of security, 
                        preference, or priority which is not 
                        proved to the satisfaction of the 
                        receiver.
                            ``(ii) Payments to less than fully 
                        secured creditors.--In the case of a 
                        claim of a creditor against a System 
                        institution which is secured by any 
                        property or other asset of such System 
                        institution, any receiver appointed for 
                        any System institution--
                                    ``(I) may treat the portion 
                                of such claim which exceeds an 
                                amount equal to the fair market 
                                value of such property or other 
                                asset as an unsecured claim 
                                against the System institution; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) may not make any 
                                payment with respect to such 
                                unsecured portion of the claim 
                                other than in connection with 
                                the disposition of all claims 
                                of unsecured creditors of the 
                                System institution.
                            ``(iii) Exceptions.--No provision 
                        of this paragraph shall apply with 
                        respect to--
                                    ``(I) any extension of 
                                credit from any Federal Reserve 
                                bank or the United States 
                                Treasury to any System 
                                institution; or
                                    ``(II) any security 
                                interest in the assets of the 
                                System institution securing any 
                                such extension of credit.
                    ``(E) No judicial review of determination 
                pursuant to subparagraph (d).--No court may 
                review the Corporation's determination pursuant 
                to subparagraph (D) to disallow a claim.
                    ``(F) Legal effect of filing.--
                            ``(i) Statute of limitation 
                        tolled.--For purposes of any applicable 
                        statute of limitations, the filing of a 
                        claim with the receiver shall 
                        constitute a commencement of an action.
                            ``(ii) No prejudice to other 
                        actions.--Subject to paragraph (12) and 
                        the determination of claims by a 
                        receiver, the filing of a claim with 
                        the receiver shall not prejudice any 
                        right of the claimant to continue any 
                        action which was filed before the 
                        appointment of the receiver.
            ``(6) Provision for judicial determination of 
        claims.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Before the end of the 
                60-day period beginning on the earlier of--
                            ``(i) the end of the period 
                        described in paragraph (5)(A)(i) with 
                        respect to any claim against a System 
                        institution for which the Corporation 
                        is receiver; or
                            ``(ii) the date of any notice of 
                        disallowance of such claim pursuant to 
                        paragraph (5)(A)(i),
                the claimant may request administrative review 
                of the claim in accordance with paragraph (7) 
                or file suit on such claim (or continue an 
                action commenced before the appointment of the 
                receiver) in the district or territorial court 
                of the United States for the district within 
                which the System institution's principal place 
                of business is located or the United States 
                District Court for the District of Columbia 
                (and such court shall have jurisdiction to hear 
                such claim).
                    ``(B) Statute of limitations.--If any 
                claimant fails to file suit on such claim (or 
                continue an action commenced before the 
                appointment of the receiver), before the end of 
                the 60-day period described in subparagraph 
                (A), the claim shall be deemed to be disallowed 
                (other than any portion of such claim which was 
                allowed by the receiver) as of the end of such 
                period, such disallowance shall be final, and 
                the claimant shall have no further rights or 
                remedies with respect to such claim.
            ``(7) Review of claims; administrative hearing.--If 
        any claimant requests review under this paragraph in 
        lieu of filing or continuing any action under paragraph 
        (6) and the Corporation agrees to such request, the 
        Corporation shall consider the claim after opportunity 
        for a hearing on the record. The final determination of 
        the Corporation with respect to such claim shall be 
        subject to judicial review under chapter 7 of title 5, 
        United States Code.
            ``(8) Expedited determination of claims.--
                    ``(A) Establishment required.--The 
                Corporation shall establish a procedure for 
                expedited relief outside of the routine claims 
                process established under paragraph (5) for 
                claimants who--
                            ``(i) allege the existence of 
                        legally valid and enforceable or 
                        perfected security interests in assets 
                        of any System institution for which the 
                        Corporation has been appointed 
                        receiver; and
                            ``(ii) allege that irreparable 
                        injury will occur if the routine claims 
                        procedure is followed.
                    ``(B) Determination period.--Before the end 
                of the 90-day period beginning on the date any 
                claim is filed in accordance with the 
                procedures established pursuant to subparagraph 
                (A), the Corporation shall--
                            ``(i) determine--
                                    ``(I) whether to allow or 
                                disallow such claim; or
                                    ``(II) whether such claim 
                                should be determined pursuant 
                                to the procedures established 
                                pursuant to paragraph (5); and
                            ``(ii) notify the claimant of the 
                        determination, and if the claim is 
                        disallowed, provide a statement of each 
                        reason for the disallowance and the 
                        procedure for obtaining agency review 
                        or judicial determination.
                    ``(C) Period for filing or renewing suit.--
                Any claimant who files a request for expedited 
                relief shall be permitted to file a suit, or to 
                continue a suit filed before the appointment of 
                the receiver, seeking a determination of the 
                claimant's rights with respect to such security 
                interest after the earlier of--
                            ``(i) the end of the 90-day period 
                        beginning on the date of the filing of 
                        a request for expedited relief; or
                            ``(ii) the date the Corporation 
                        denies the claim.
                    ``(D) Statute of limitations.--If an action 
                described in subparagraph (C) is not filed, or 
                the motion to renew a previously filed suit is 
                not made, before the end of the 30-day period 
                beginning on the date on which such action or 
                motion may be filed in accordance with 
                subparagraph (B), the claim shall be deemed to 
                be disallowed as of the end of such period 
                (other than any portion of such claim which was 
                allowed by the receiver), such disallowance 
                shall be final, and the claimant shall have no 
                further rights or remedies with respect to such 
                claim.
                    ``(E) Legal effect of filing.--
                            ``(i) Statute of limitation 
                        tolled.--For purposes of any applicable 
                        statute of limitations, the filing of a 
                        claim with the receiver shall 
                        constitute a commencement of an action.
                            ``(ii) No prejudice to other 
                        actions.--Subject to paragraph (12), 
                        the filing of a claim with the receiver 
                        shall not prejudice any right of the 
                        claimant to continue any action which 
                        was filed before the appointment of the 
                        receiver.
            ``(9) Agreement as basis of claim.--
                    ``(A) Requirements.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), any agreement which does not 
                meet the requirements set forth in section 
                5.61(d) shall not form the basis of, or 
                substantially comprise, a claim against the 
                receiver or the Corporation.
                    ``(B) Exception to contemporaneous 
                execution requirement.--Notwithstanding section 
                5.61(d), any agreement relating to an extension 
                of credit between a Federal Reserve bank or the 
                United States Treasury and any System 
                institution which was executed before such 
                extension of credit to such System institution 
                shall be treated as having been executed 
                contemporaneously with such extension of credit 
                for purposes of subparagraph (A).
            ``(10) Payment of claims.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The receiver may, in the 
                receiver's discretion and to the extent funds 
                are available from the assets of the System 
                institution, pay creditor claims which are 
                allowed by the receiver, approved by the 
                Corporation pursuant to a final determination 
                pursuant to paragraph (7) or (8), or determined 
                by the final judgment of any court of competent 
                jurisdiction in such manner and amounts as are 
                authorized under this Act.
                    ``(B) Liquidation payments.--The receiver 
                may, in the receiver's sole discretion, pay 
                from the assets of the System institution 
                portions of proved claims at any time, and no 
                liability shall attach to the Corporation (in 
                such Corporation's corporate capacity or as 
                receiver), by reason of any such payment, for 
                failure to make payments to a claimant whose 
                claim is not proved at the time of any such 
                payment.
                    ``(C) Rulemaking authority of 
                corporation.--The Corporation may prescribe 
                such rules, including definitions of terms, as 
                it deems appropriate to establish a single 
                uniform interest rate for or to make payments 
                of post insolvency interest to creditors 
                holding proven claims against the receivership 
                estates of System institutions following 
                satisfaction by the receiver of the principal 
                amount of all creditor claims.
            ``(11) Priority of expenses and claims.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Amounts realized from 
                the liquidation or other resolution of any 
                System institution by any receiver appointed 
                for such System institution shall be 
                distributed to pay claims (other than secured 
                claims to the extent of any such security) in 
                the following order of priority:
                            ``(i) Administrative expenses of 
                        the receiver.
                            ``(ii) If authorized by the 
                        Corporation, wages, salaries, or 
                        commissions, including vacation, 
                        severance, and sick leave pay earned by 
                        an individual--
                                    ``(I) in an amount that is 
                                not more than $11,725 for each 
                                individual (as indexed for 
                                inflation, by regulation of the 
                                Corporation); and
                                    ``(II) that is earned 180 
                                days or fewer before the date 
                                of appointment of the 
                                Corporation as receiver.
                            ``(iii) In the case of the 
                        resolution of a System bank, all claims 
                        of holders of consolidated and System-
                        wide bonds and all claims of the other 
                        System banks arising from the payments 
                        of the System banks pursuant to--
                                    ``(I) section 4.4 on 
                                consolidated and System-wide 
                                bonds issued under subsection 
                                (c) or (d) of section 4.2; or
                                    ``(II) an agreement, in 
                                writing and approved by the 
                                Farm Credit Administration, 
                                among the System banks to 
                                reallocate the payments.
                            ``(iv) In the case of the 
                        resolution of a production credit 
                        association or other association making 
                        direct loans under section 7.6, all 
                        claims of a System bank based on the 
                        financing agreement between the 
                        association and the System bank--
                                    ``(I) including interest 
                                accrued before and after the 
                                appointment of the receiver; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) not including any 
                                setoff for stock or other 
                                equity of that System bank 
                                owned by the association, on 
                                that condition that, prior to 
                                making that setoff, that System 
                                bank shall obtain the approval 
                                of the Farm Credit 
                                Administration Board for the 
                                retirement of that stock or 
                                equity.
                            ``(v) Any general or senior 
                        liability of the System institution 
                        (which is not a liability described in 
                        clause (vi) or (vii)).
                            ``(vi) Any obligation subordinated 
                        to general creditors (which is not an 
                        obligation described in clause (vii)).
                            ``(vii) Any obligation to 
                        stockholders or members arising as a 
                        result of their status as stockholders 
                        or members.
                    ``(B) Payment of claims.--
                            ``(i) In general.--
                                    ``(I) Payment.--All claims 
                                of each priority described in 
                                clauses (i) through (vii) of 
                                subparagraph (A) shall be paid 
                                in full, or provisions shall be 
                                made for that payment, prior to 
                                the payment of any claim of a 
                                lesser priority.
                                    ``(II) Insufficient 
                                funds.--If there are 
                                insufficient funds to pay in 
                                full all claims in any priority 
                                described clauses (i) through 
                                (vii) of subparagraph (A), 
                                distribution on that priority 
                                of claims shall be made on a 
                                pro rata basis.
                            ``(ii) Distribution of remaining 
                        assets.--Following the payment of all 
                        claims in accordance with subparagraph 
                        (A), the receiver shall distribute the 
                        remainder of the assets of the System 
                        institution to the owners of stock, 
                        participation certificates, and other 
                        equities in accordance with the 
                        priorities for impairment under the 
                        bylaws of the System institution.
                            ``(iii) Eligible borrower stock.--
                        Notwithstanding subparagraph (C) or any 
                        other provision of this section, 
                        eligible borrower stock shall be 
                        retired in accordance with section 
                        4.9A.
                    ``(C) Effect of state law.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The provisions 
                        of subparagraph (A) shall not supersede 
                        the law of any State except to the 
                        extent such law is inconsistent with 
                        the provisions of such subparagraph, 
                        and then only to the extent of the 
                        inconsistency.
                            ``(ii) Procedure for determination 
                        of inconsistency.--Upon the 
                        Corporation's own motion or upon the 
                        request of any person with a claim 
                        described in subparagraph (A) or any 
                        State which is submitted to the 
                        Corporation in accordance with 
                        procedures which the Corporation shall 
                        prescribe, the Corporation shall 
                        determine whether any provision of the 
                        law of any State is inconsistent with 
                        any provision of subparagraph (A) and 
                        the extent of any such inconsistency.
                            ``(iii) Judicial review.--The final 
                        determination of the Corporation under 
                        clause (ii) shall be subject to 
                        judicial review under chapter 7 of 
                        title 5, United States Code.
                    ``(D) Accounting report.--Any distribution 
                by the Corporation in connection with any claim 
                described in subparagraph (A)(vii) shall be 
                accompanied by the accounting report required 
                under paragraph (15)(B).
            ``(12) Suspension of legal actions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--After the appointment of 
                a conservator or receiver for a System 
                institution, the conservator or receiver may 
                request a stay for a period not to exceed--
                            ``(i) 45 days, in the case of any 
                        conservator; and
                            ``(ii) 90 days, in the case of any 
                        receiver,
                in any judicial action or proceeding to which 
                such System institution is or becomes a party.
                    ``(B) Grant of stay by all courts 
                required.--Upon receipt of a request by any 
                conservator or receiver pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A) for a stay of any judicial 
                action or proceeding in any court with 
                jurisdiction of such action or proceeding, the 
                court shall grant such stay as to all parties.
            ``(13) Additional rights and duties.--
                    ``(A) Prior final adjudication.--The 
                Corporation shall abide by any final 
                unappealable judgment of any court of competent 
                jurisdiction which was rendered before the 
                appointment of the Corporation as conservator 
                or receiver.
                    ``(B) Rights and remedies of conservator or 
                receiver.--In the event of any appealable 
                judgment, the Corporation as conservator or 
                receiver shall--
                            ``(i) have all the rights and 
                        remedies available to the System 
                        institution (before the appointment of 
                        such conservator or receiver) and the 
                        Corporation in its corporate capacity, 
                        including removal to Federal court and 
                        all appellate rights; and
                            ``(ii) not be required to post any 
                        bond in order to pursue such remedies.
                    ``(C) No attachment or execution.--No 
                attachment or execution may issue by any court 
                on--
                            ``(i) assets in the possession of 
                        the receiver; or
                            ``(ii) the charter of a System 
                        institution for which the Corporation 
                        has been appointed receiver.
                    ``(D) Limitation on judicial review.--
                Except as otherwise provided in this 
                subsection, no court shall have jurisdiction 
                over--
                            ``(i) any claim or action for 
                        payment from, or any action seeking a 
                        determination of rights with respect 
                        to, the assets of any System 
                        institution for which the Corporation 
                        has been appointed receiver, including 
                        assets which the Corporation may 
                        acquire from itself as such receiver; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) any claim relating to any 
                        act or omission of such System 
                        institution or the Corporation as 
                        receiver.
                    ``(E) Disposition of assets.--In exercising 
                any right, power, privilege, or authority as 
                receiver in connection with any sale or 
                disposition of assets of any System institution 
                for which the Corporation is acting as 
                receiver, the Corporation shall, to the maximum 
                extent practicable, conduct its operations in a 
                manner which--
                            ``(i) maximizes the net present 
                        value return from the sale or 
                        disposition of such assets;
                            ``(ii) minimizes the amount of any 
                        loss realized in the resolution of 
                        cases;
                            ``(iii) ensures adequate 
                        competition and fair and consistent 
                        treatment of offerors;
                            ``(iv) prohibits discrimination on 
                        the basis of race, sex, or ethnic 
                        groups in the solicitation and 
                        consideration of offers; and
                            ``(v) mitigates the potential for 
                        serious adverse effects to the rest of 
                        the System.
            ``(14) Statute of limitations for actions brought 
        by conservator or receiver.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any 
                provision of any contract, the applicable 
                statute of limitations with regard to any 
                action brought by the Corporation as 
                conservator or receiver shall be--
                            ``(i) in the case of any contract 
                        claim, the longer of--
                                    ``(I) the 6-year period 
                                beginning on the date the claim 
                                accrues; or
                                    ``(II) the period 
                                applicable under State law; and
                            ``(ii) in the case of any tort 
                        claim, the longer of--
                                    ``(I) the 3-year period 
                                beginning on the date the claim 
                                accrues; or
                                    ``(II) the period 
                                applicable under State law.
                    ``(B) Determination of the date on which a 
                claim accrues.--For purposes of subparagraph 
                (A), the date on which the statute of 
                limitations begins to run on any claim 
                described in such subparagraph shall be the 
                later of--
                            ``(i) the date of the appointment 
                        of the Corporation as conservator or 
                        receiver; or
                            ``(ii) the date on which the cause 
                        of action accrues.
                    ``(C) Revival of expired state causes of 
                action.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In the case of 
                        any tort claim described in clause (ii) 
                        for which the statute of limitation 
                        applicable under State law with respect 
                        to such claim has expired not more than 
                        5 years before the appointment of the 
                        Corporation as conservator or receiver, 
                        the Corporation may bring an action as 
                        conservator or receiver on such claim 
                        without regard to the expiration of the 
                        statute of limitation applicable under 
                        State law.
                            ``(ii) Claims described.--A tort 
                        claim referred to in clause (i) is a 
                        claim arising from fraud, intentional 
                        misconduct resulting in unjust 
                        enrichment, or intentional misconduct 
                        resulting in substantial loss to the 
                        System institution.
            ``(15) Accounting and recordkeeping requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation as 
                conservator or receiver shall, consistent with 
                the accounting and reporting practices and 
                procedures established by the Corporation, 
                maintain a full accounting of each 
                conservatorship and receivership or other 
                disposition of System institutions in default.
                    ``(B) Annual accounting or report.--With 
                respect to each conservatorship or receivership 
                to which the Corporation was appointed, the 
                Corporation shall make an annual accounting or 
                report, as appropriate, available to the Farm 
                Credit Administration Board.
                    ``(C) Availability of reports.--Any report 
                prepared pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall be 
                made available by the Corporation upon request 
                to any stockholder of the System institution 
                for which the Corporation was appointed 
                conservator or receiver or any other member of 
                the public.
                    ``(D) Recordkeeping requirement.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as 
                        provided in clause (ii), after the end 
                        of the 6-year period beginning on the 
                        date the Corporation is appointed as 
                        receiver of a System institution, the 
                        Corporation may destroy any records of 
                        such System institution which the 
                        Corporation, in the Corporation's 
                        discretion, determines to be 
                        unnecessary unless directed not to do 
                        so by a court of competent jurisdiction 
                        or governmental agency, or prohibited 
                        by law.
                            ``(ii) Old records.--
                        Notwithstanding clause (i), the 
                        Corporation may destroy records of a 
                        System institution which are at least 
                        10 years old as of the date on which 
                        the Corporation is appointed as the 
                        receiver of such System institution in 
                        accordance with clause (i) at any time 
                        after such appointment is final, 
                        without regard to the 6-year period of 
                        limitation contained in clause (i).
            ``(16) Fraudulent transfers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation, as 
                conservator or receiver for any System 
                institution, may avoid a transfer of any 
                interest of a System institution-affiliated 
                party, or any person who the Corporation 
                determines is a debtor of the System 
                institution, in property, or any obligation 
                incurred by such party or person, that was made 
                within 5 years of the date on which the 
                Corporation was appointed conservator or 
                receiver if such party or person voluntarily or 
                involuntarily made such transfer or incurred 
                such liability with the intent to hinder, 
                delay, or defraud the System institution, the 
                Farm Credit Administration, or the Corporation.
                    ``(B) Right of recovery.--To the extent a 
                transfer is avoided under subparagraph (A), the 
                Corporation may recover, for the benefit of the 
                System institution, the property transferred, 
                or, if a court so orders, the value of such 
                property (at the time of such transfer) from--
                            ``(i) the initial transferee of 
                        such transfer or the System 
                        institution-affiliated party or person 
                        for whose benefit such transfer was 
                        made; or
                            ``(ii) any immediate or mediate 
                        transferee of any such initial 
                        transferee.
                    ``(C) Rights of transferee or obligee.--The 
                Corporation may not recover under subparagraph 
                (B) from--
                            ``(i) any transferee that takes for 
                        value, including satisfaction or 
                        securing of a present or antecedent 
                        debt, in good faith; or
                            ``(ii) any immediate or mediate 
                        good faith transferee of such 
                        transferee.
                    ``(D) Rights under this paragraph.--The 
                rights under this paragraph of the Corporation 
                shall be superior to any rights of a trustee or 
                any other party (other than any party which is 
                a Federal agency) under title 11, United States 
                Code.
            ``(17) Attachment of assets and other injunctive 
        relief.--Subject to paragraph (18), any court of 
        competent jurisdiction may, at the request of the 
        Corporation (in the Corporation's capacity as 
        conservator or receiver for any System institution or 
        in the Corporation's corporate capacity with respect to 
        any asset acquired or liability assumed by the 
        Corporation under section 5.61), issue an order in 
        accordance with Rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil 
        Procedure, including an order placing the assets of any 
        person designated by the Corporation under the control 
        of the court and appointing a trustee to hold such 
        assets.
            ``(18) Standards.--
                    ``(A) Showing.--Rule 65 of the Federal 
                Rules of Civil Procedure shall apply with 
                respect to any proceeding under paragraph (17) 
                without regard to the requirement of such rule 
                that the applicant show that the injury, loss, 
                or damage is irreparable and immediate.
                    ``(B) State proceeding.--If, in the case of 
                any proceeding in a State court, the court 
                determines that rules of civil procedure 
                available under the laws of such State provide 
                substantially similar protections to such 
                party's right to due process as Rule 65 (as 
                modified with respect to such proceeding by 
                subparagraph (A)), the relief sought by the 
                Corporation pursuant to paragraph (17) may be 
                requested under the laws of such State.
            ``(19) Treatment of claims arising from breach of 
        contracts executed by the receiver or conservator.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection, 
        any final and unappealable judgment for monetary 
        damages entered against a receiver or conservator for a 
        System institution for the breach of an agreement 
        executed or approved by such receiver or conservator 
        after the date of its appointment shall be paid as an 
        administrative expense of the receiver or conservator. 
        Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to limit 
        the power of a receiver or conservator to exercise any 
        rights under contract or law, including terminating, 
        breaching, canceling, or otherwise discontinuing such 
        agreement.
    ``(c) Provisions Relating to Contracts Entered Into Before 
Appointment of Conservator or Receiver.--
            ``(1) Authority to repudiate contracts.--In 
        addition to any other rights a conservator or receiver 
        may have, the conservator or receiver for a System 
        institution may disaffirm or repudiate any contract or 
        lease--
                    ``(A) to which such System institution is a 
                party;
                    ``(B) the performance of which the 
                conservator or receiver, in the conservator's 
                or receiver's discretion, determines to be 
                burdensome; and
                    ``(C) the disaffirmance or repudiation of 
                which the conservator or receiver determines, 
                in the conservator's or receiver's discretion, 
                will promote the orderly administration of the 
                System institution's affairs.
            ``(2) Timing of repudiation.--The Corporation as 
        conservator or receiver for any System institution 
        shall determine whether or not to exercise the rights 
        of repudiation under this subsection within a 
        reasonable period following such appointment.
            ``(3) Claims for damages for repudiation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise 
                provided in subparagraph (C) and paragraphs 
                (4), (5), and (6), the liability of the 
                conservator or receiver for the disaffirmance 
                or repudiation of any contract pursuant to 
                paragraph (1) shall be--
                            ``(i) limited to actual direct 
                        compensatory damages; and
                            ``(ii) determined as of--
                                    ``(I) the date of the 
                                appointment of the conservator 
                                or receiver; or
                                    ``(II) in the case of any 
                                contract or agreement referred 
                                to in paragraph (8), the date 
                                of the disaffirmance or 
                                repudiation of such contract or 
                                agreement.
                    ``(B) No liability for other damages.--For 
                purposes of subparagraph (A), the term `actual 
                direct compensatory damages' does not include--
                            ``(i) punitive or exemplary 
                        damages;
                            ``(ii) damages for lost profits or 
                        opportunity; or
                            ``(iii) damages for pain and 
                        suffering.
                    ``(C) Measure of damages for repudiation of 
                financial contracts.--In the case of any 
                qualified financial contract or agreement to 
                which paragraph (8) applies, compensatory 
                damages shall be--
                            ``(i) deemed to include normal and 
                        reasonable costs of cover or other 
                        reasonable measures of damages utilized 
                        in the industries for such contract and 
                        agreement claims; and
                            ``(ii) paid in accordance with this 
                        subsection and subsection (j), except 
                        as otherwise specifically provided in 
                        this section.
            ``(4) Leases under which the system institution is 
        the lessee.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or 
                receiver disaffirms or repudiates a lease under 
                which the System institution was the lessee, 
                the conservator or receiver shall not be liable 
                for any damages (other than damages determined 
                pursuant to subparagraph (B)) for the 
                disaffirmance or repudiation of such lease.
                    ``(B) Payments of rent.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), the lessor under a lease to 
                which such subparagraph applies shall--
                            ``(i) be entitled to the 
                        contractual rent accruing before the 
                        later of the date--
                                    ``(I) the notice of 
                                disaffirmance or repudiation is 
                                mailed; or
                                    ``(II) the disaffirmance or 
                                repudiation becomes effective, 
                                unless the lessor is in default 
                                or breach of the terms of the 
                                lease; and
                            ``(ii) have no claim for damages 
                        under any acceleration clause or other 
                        penalty provision in the lease; and
                            ``(iii) have a claim for any unpaid 
                        rent, subject to all appropriate 
                        offsets and defenses, due as of the 
                        date of the appointment, which shall be 
                        paid in accordance with this subsection 
                        and subsection (j).
            ``(5) Leases under which the system institution is 
        the lessor.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or 
                receiver repudiates an unexpired written lease 
                of real property of the System institution 
                under which the System institution is the 
                lessor and the lessee is not, as of the date of 
                such repudiation, in default, the lessee under 
                such lease may either--
                            ``(i) treat the lease as terminated 
                        by such repudiation; or
                            ``(ii) remain in possession of the 
                        leasehold interest for the balance of 
                        the term of the lease, unless the 
                        lessee defaults under the terms of the 
                        lease after the date of such 
                        repudiation.
                    ``(B) Provisions applicable to lessee 
                remaining in possession.--If any lessee under a 
                lease described in subparagraph (A) remains in 
                possession of a leasehold interest pursuant to 
                clause (ii) of such subparagraph--
                            ``(i) the lessee--
                                    ``(I) shall continue to pay 
                                the contractual rent pursuant 
                                to the terms of the lease after 
                                the date of the repudiation of 
                                such lease; and
                                    ``(II) may offset against 
                                any rent payment which accrues 
                                after the date of the 
                                repudiation of the lease, any 
                                damages which accrue after such 
                                date due to the nonperformance 
                                of any obligation of the System 
                                institution under the lease 
                                after such date; and
                            ``(ii) the conservator or receiver 
                        shall not be liable to the lessee for 
                        any damages arising after such date as 
                        a result of the repudiation, other than 
                        the amount of any offset allowed under 
                        clause (i)(II).
            ``(6) Contracts for the sale of real property.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or 
                receiver repudiates any contract that meets the 
                requirements of paragraphs (1) through (4) of 
                section 5.61(d) for the sale of real property, 
                and the purchaser of such real property under 
                such contract is in possession and is not, as 
                of the date of such repudiation, in default, 
                such purchaser may either--
                            ``(i) treat the contract as 
                        terminated by such repudiation; or
                            ``(ii) remain in possession of such 
                        real property.
                    ``(B) Provisions applicable to purchaser 
                remaining in possession.--If any purchaser of 
                real property under any contract described in 
                subparagraph (A) remains in possession of such 
                property pursuant to clause (ii) of such 
                subparagraph--
                            ``(i) the purchaser--
                                    ``(I) shall continue to 
                                make all payments due under the 
                                contract after the date of the 
                                repudiation of the contract; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) may offset against 
                                any such payments any damages 
                                which accrue after such date 
                                due to the nonperformance 
                                (after such date) of any 
                                obligation of the System 
                                institution under the contract; 
                                and
                            ``(ii) the conservator or receiver 
                        shall--
                                    ``(I) not be liable to the 
                                purchaser for any damages 
                                arising after that date as a 
                                result of the repudiation, 
                                other than the amount of any 
                                offset allowed under clause 
                                (i)(II);
                                    ``(II) deliver title to the 
                                purchaser in accordance with 
                                the contract; and
                                    ``(III) have no obligation 
                                under the contract, other than 
                                the performance required under 
                                subclause (II).
                    ``(C) Assignment and sale allowed.--
                            ``(i) In general.--No provision of 
                        this paragraph shall be construed as 
                        limiting the right of the conservator 
                        or receiver to assign the contract 
                        described in subparagraph (A) and sell 
                        the property subject to the contract 
                        and this paragraph.
                            ``(ii) No liability after 
                        assignment and sale.--If an assignment 
                        and sale described in clause (i) is 
                        consummated, the Corporation, acting as 
                        conservator or receiver, shall have no 
                        further liability under the applicable 
                        contract described in subparagraph (A) 
                        or with respect to the real property 
                        which was the subject of such contract.
            ``(7) Provisions applicable to service contracts.--
                    ``(A) Services performed before 
                appointment.--In the case of any contract for 
                services between any person and any System 
                institution for which the Corporation has been 
                appointed conservator or receiver, any claim of 
                such person for services performed before the 
                appointment of the conservator or the receiver 
                shall be--
                            ``(i) a claim to be paid in 
                        accordance with subsections (b) and 
                        (d); and
                            ``(ii) deemed to have arisen as of 
                        the date the conservator or receiver 
                        was appointed.
                    ``(B) Services performed after appointment 
                and prior to repudiation.--If, in the case of 
                any contract for services described in 
                subparagraph (A), the conservator or receiver 
                accepts performance by the other person before 
                the conservator or receiver makes any 
                determination to exercise the right of 
                repudiation of such contract under this 
                section--
                            ``(i) the other party shall be paid 
                        under the terms of the contract for the 
                        services performed; and
                            ``(ii) the amount of such payment 
                        shall be treated as an administrative 
                        expense of the conservatorship or 
                        receivership.
                    ``(C) Acceptance of performance no bar to 
                subsequent repudiation.--The acceptance by any 
                conservator or receiver of services referred to 
                in subparagraph (B) in connection with a 
                contract described in such subparagraph shall 
                not affect the right of the conservator or 
                receiver, to repudiate such contract under this 
                section at any time after such performance.
            ``(8) Certain qualified financial contracts.--
                    ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                            ``(i) Commodity contract.--The term 
                        `commodity contract' means--
                                    ``(I) with respect to a 
                                futures commission merchant, a 
                                contract for the purchase or 
                                sale of a commodity for future 
                                delivery on, or subject to the 
                                rules of, a contract market or 
                                board of trade;
                                    ``(II) with respect to a 
                                foreign futures commission 
                                merchant, a foreign future;
                                    ``(III) with respect to a 
                                leverage transaction merchant, 
                                a leverage transaction;
                                    ``(IV) with respect to a 
                                clearing organization, a 
                                contract for the purchase or 
                                sale of a commodity for future 
                                delivery on, or subject to the 
                                rules of, a contract market or 
                                board of trade that is cleared 
                                by such clearing organization, 
                                or commodity option traded on, 
                                or subject to the rules of, a 
                                contract market or board of 
                                trade that is cleared by such 
                                clearing organization;
                                    ``(V) with respect to a 
                                commodity options dealer, a 
                                commodity option;
                                    ``(VI) any other agreement 
                                or transaction that is similar 
                                to any agreement or transaction 
                                referred to in this clause;
                                    ``(VII) any combination of 
                                the agreements or transactions 
                                referred to in this clause;
                                    ``(VIII) any option to 
                                enter into any agreement or 
                                transaction referred to in this 
                                clause;
                                    ``(IX) a master agreement 
                                that provides for an agreement 
                                or transaction referred to in 
                                any of subclauses (I) through 
                                (VIII), together with all 
                                supplements to any such master 
                                agreement, without regard to 
                                whether the master agreement 
                                provides for an agreement or 
                                transaction that is not a 
                                commodity contract under this 
                                clause, except that the master 
                                agreement shall be considered 
                                to be a commodity contract 
                                under this clause only with 
                                respect to each agreement or 
                                transaction under the master 
                                agreement that is referred to 
                                in subclause (I), (II), (III), 
                                (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), or 
                                (VIII); or
                                    ``(X) any security 
                                agreement or arrangement or 
                                other credit enhancement 
                                related to any agreement or 
                                transaction referred to in this 
                                clause, including any guarantee 
                                or reimbursement obligation in 
                                connection with any agreement 
                                or transaction referred to in 
                                this clause.
                            ``(ii) Forward contract.--The term 
                        `forward contract' means--
                                    ``(I) a contract (other 
                                than a commodity contract) for 
                                the purchase, sale, or transfer 
                                of a commodity or any similar 
                                good, article, service, right, 
                                or interest which is presently 
                                or in the future becomes the 
                                subject of dealing in the 
                                forward contract trade, or 
                                product or byproduct thereof, 
                                with a maturity date more than 
                                2 days after the date the 
                                contract is entered into, 
                                including a repurchase or 
                                reverse repurchase transaction 
                                (whether or not such repurchase 
                                or reverse repurchase 
                                transaction is a repurchase 
                                agreement), consignment, lease, 
                                swap, hedge transaction, 
                                deposit, loan, option, 
                                allocated transaction, 
                                unallocated transaction, or any 
                                other similar agreement;
                                    ``(II) any combination of 
                                agreements or transactions 
                                referred to in subclauses (I) 
                                and (III);
                                    ``(III) any option to enter 
                                into any agreement or 
                                transaction referred to in 
                                subclause (I) or (II);
                                    ``(IV) a master agreement 
                                that provides for an agreement 
                                or transaction referred to in 
                                subclauses (I) through (III), 
                                together with all supplements 
                                to any such master agreement, 
                                without regard to whether the 
                                master agreement provides for 
                                an agreement or transaction 
                                that is not a forward contract 
                                under this clause, except that 
                                the master agreement shall be 
                                considered to be a forward 
                                contract under this clause only 
                                with respect to each agreement 
                                or transaction under the master 
                                agreement that is referred to 
                                in subclause (I), (II), or 
                                (III); or
                                    ``(V) any security 
                                agreement or arrangement or 
                                other credit enhancement 
                                related to any agreement or 
                                transaction referred to in 
                                subclause (I), (II), (III), or 
                                (IV), including any guarantee 
                                or reimbursement obligation in 
                                connection with any agreement 
                                or transaction referred to in 
                                any such subclause.
                            ``(iii) Person.--The term 
                        `person'--
                                    ``(I) has the meaning given 
                                the term in section 1 of title 
                                1, United States Code; and
                                    ``(II) includes any 
                                governmental entity.
                            ``(iv) Qualified financial 
                        contract.--The term `qualified 
                        financial contract' means any 
                        securities contract, commodity 
                        contract, forward contract, repurchase 
                        agreement, swap agreement, and any 
                        similar agreement that the Corporation 
                        determines by regulation, resolution, 
                        or order to be a qualified financial 
                        contract for purposes of this 
                        paragraph.
                            ``(v) Repurchase agreement.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The term 
                                `repurchase agreement' 
                                (including with respect to a 
                                reverse repurchase agreement)--
                                            ``(aa) means--
                                                    ``(AA) an 
                                                agreement, 
                                                including 
                                                related terms, 
                                                which provides 
                                                for the 
                                                transfer of one 
                                                or more 
                                                certificates of 
                                                deposit, 
                                                mortgage-
                                                related 
                                                securities (as 
                                                such term is 
                                                defined in 
                                                section 3(a) of 
                                                the Securities 
                                                Exchange Act of 
                                                1934 (15 U.S.C. 
                                                78c(a))), 
                                                mortgage loans, 
                                                interests in 
                                                mortgage-
                                                related 
                                                securities or 
                                                mortgage loans, 
                                                eligible 
                                                bankers' 
                                                acceptances, 
                                                qualified 
                                                foreign 
                                                government 
                                                securities or 
                                                securities that 
                                                are direct 
                                                obligations of, 
                                                or that are 
                                                fully 
                                                guaranteed by, 
                                                the United 
                                                States or any 
                                                agency of the 
                                                United States 
                                                against the 
                                                transfer of 
                                                funds by the 
                                                transferee of 
                                                such 
                                                certificates of 
                                                deposit, 
                                                eligible 
                                                bankers' 
                                                acceptances, 
                                                securities, 
                                                mortgage loans, 
                                                or interests 
                                                with a 
                                                simultaneous 
                                                agreement by 
                                                such transferee 
                                                to transfer to 
                                                the transferor 
                                                thereof 
                                                certificates of 
                                                deposit, 
                                                eligible 
                                                bankers' 
                                                acceptances, 
                                                securities, 
                                                mortgage loans, 
                                                or interests as 
                                                described 
                                                above, at a 
                                                date certain 
                                                not later than 
                                                1 year after 
                                                such transfers 
                                                or on demand, 
                                                against the 
                                                transfer of 
                                                funds, or any 
                                                other similar 
                                                agreement;
                                                    ``(BB) any 
                                                combination of 
                                                agreements or 
                                                transactions 
                                                referred to in 
                                                subitems (AA) 
                                                and (CC);
                                                    ``(CC) any 
                                                option to enter 
                                                into any 
                                                agreement or 
                                                transaction 
                                                referred to in 
                                                subitem (AA) or 
                                                (BB);
                                                    ``(DD) a 
                                                master 
                                                agreement that 
                                                provides for an 
                                                agreement or 
                                                transaction 
                                                referred to in 
                                                subitem (AA), 
                                                (BB), or (CC), 
                                                together with 
                                                all supplements 
                                                to any such 
                                                master 
                                                agreement, 
                                                without regard 
                                                to whether the 
                                                master 
                                                agreement 
                                                provides for an 
                                                agreement or 
                                                transaction 
                                                that is not a 
                                                repurchase 
                                                agreement under 
                                                this item, 
                                                except that the 
                                                master 
                                                agreement shall 
                                                be considered 
                                                to be a 
                                                repurchase 
                                                agreement under 
                                                this item only 
                                                with respect to 
                                                each agreement 
                                                or transaction 
                                                under the 
                                                master 
                                                agreement that 
                                                is referred to 
                                                in subitem 
                                                (AA), (BB), or 
                                                (CC); and
                                                    ``(EE) any 
                                                security 
                                                agreement or 
                                                arrangement or 
                                                other credit 
                                                enhancement 
                                                related to any 
                                                agreement or 
                                                transaction 
                                                referred to in 
                                                any of subitems 
                                                (AA) through 
                                                (DD), including 
                                                any guarantee 
                                                or 
                                                reimbursement 
                                                obligation in 
                                                connection with 
                                                any agreement 
                                                or transaction 
                                                referred to in 
                                                any such 
                                                subitem; and
                                            ``(bb) does not 
                                        include any repurchase 
                                        obligation under a 
                                        participation in a 
                                        commercial mortgage, 
                                        loan unless the 
                                        Corporation determines 
                                        by regulation, 
                                        resolution, or order to 
                                        include any such 
                                        participation within 
                                        the meaning of such 
                                        term.
                                    ``(II) Related 
                                definition.--For purposes of 
                                subclause (I)(aa), the term 
                                `qualified foreign government 
                                security' means a security that 
                                is a direct obligation of, or 
                                that is fully guaranteed by, 
                                the central government of a 
                                member of the Organization for 
                                Economic Cooperation and 
                                Development (as determined by 
                                regulation or order adopted by 
                                the appropriate Federal banking 
                                authority).
                            ``(vi) Securities contract.--The 
                        term `securities contract'--
                                    ``(I) means--
                                            ``(aa) a contract 
                                        for the purchase, sale, 
                                        or loan of a security, 
                                        a certificate of 
                                        deposit, a mortgage 
                                        loan, any interest in a 
                                        mortgage loan, a group 
                                        or index of securities, 
                                        certificates of 
                                        deposit, or mortgage 
                                        loans or interests 
                                        therein (including any 
                                        interest therein or 
                                        based on the value 
                                        thereof) or any option 
                                        on any of the 
                                        foregoing, including 
                                        any option to purchase 
                                        or sell any such 
                                        security, certificate 
                                        of deposit, mortgage 
                                        loan, interest, group 
                                        or index, or option, 
                                        and including any 
                                        repurchase or reverse 
                                        repurchase transaction 
                                        on any such security, 
                                        certificate of deposit, 
                                        mortgage loan, 
                                        interest, group or 
                                        index, or option 
                                        (whether or not the 
                                        repurchase or reverse 
                                        repurchase transaction 
                                        is a repurchase 
                                        agreement);
                                            ``(bb) any option 
                                        entered into on a 
                                        national securities 
                                        exchange relating to 
                                        foreign currencies;
                                            ``(cc) the 
                                        guarantee (including by 
                                        novation) by or to any 
                                        securities clearing 
                                        agency of any 
                                        settlement of cash, 
                                        securities, 
                                        certificates of 
                                        deposit, mortgage loans 
                                        or interests therein, 
                                        group or index of 
                                        securities, 
                                        certificates of 
                                        deposit, or mortgage 
                                        loans or interests 
                                        therein (including any 
                                        interest therein or 
                                        based on the value 
                                        thereof) or option on 
                                        any of the foregoing, 
                                        including any option to 
                                        purchase or sell any 
                                        such security, 
                                        certificate of deposit, 
                                        mortgage loan, 
                                        interest, group or 
                                        index, or option 
                                        (whether or not the 
                                        settlement is in 
                                        connection with any 
                                        agreement or 
                                        transaction referred to 
                                        in any of items (aa), 
                                        (bb), and (dd) through 
                                        (kk));
                                            ``(dd) any margin 
                                        loan;
                                            ``(ee) any 
                                        extension of credit for 
                                        the clearance or 
                                        settlement of 
                                        securities 
                                        transactions;
                                            ``(ff) any loan 
                                        transaction coupled 
                                        with a securities 
                                        collar transaction, any 
                                        prepaid securities 
                                        forward transaction, or 
                                        any total return swap 
                                        transaction coupled 
                                        with a securities sale 
                                        transaction;
                                            ``(gg) any other 
                                        agreement or 
                                        transaction that is 
                                        similar to any 
                                        agreement or 
                                        transaction referred to 
                                        in this subclause;
                                            ``(hh) any 
                                        combination of the 
                                        agreements or 
                                        transactions referred 
                                        to in this subclause;
                                            ``(ii) any option 
                                        to enter into any 
                                        agreement or 
                                        transaction referred to 
                                        in this subclause;
                                            ``(jj) a master 
                                        agreement that provides 
                                        for an agreement or 
                                        transaction referred to 
                                        in any of items (aa) 
                                        through (ii), together 
                                        with all supplements to 
                                        any such master 
                                        agreement, without 
                                        regard to whether the 
                                        master agreement 
                                        provides for an 
                                        agreement or 
                                        transaction that is not 
                                        a securities contract 
                                        under this subclause, 
                                        except that the master 
                                        agreement shall be 
                                        considered to be a 
                                        securities contract 
                                        under this subclause 
                                        only with respect to 
                                        each agreement or 
                                        transaction under the 
                                        master agreement that 
                                        is referred to in item 
                                        (aa), (bb), (cc), (dd), 
                                        (ee), (ff), (gg), (hh), 
                                        or (ii); and
                                            ``(kk) any security 
                                        agreement or 
                                        arrangement or other 
                                        credit enhancement 
                                        related to any 
                                        agreement or 
                                        transaction referred to 
                                        in this subclause, 
                                        including any guarantee 
                                        or reimbursement 
                                        obligation in 
                                        connection with any 
                                        agreement or 
                                        transaction referred to 
                                        in this subclause; and
                                    ``(II) does not include any 
                                purchase, sale, or repurchase 
                                obligation under a 
                                participation in a commercial 
                                mortgage loan unless the 
                                Corporation determines by 
                                regulation, resolution, or 
                                order to include any such 
                                agreement within the meaning of 
                                such term.
                            ``(vii) Swap agreement.--The term 
                        `swap agreement' means--
                                    ``(I) any agreement, 
                                including the terms and 
                                conditions incorporated by 
                                reference in any such 
                                agreement, that is--
                                            ``(aa) an interest 
                                        rate swap, option, 
                                        future, or forward 
                                        agreement, including a 
                                        rate floor, rate cap, 
                                        rate collar, cross-
                                        currency rate swap, and 
                                        basis swap;
                                            ``(bb) a spot, same 
                                        day-tomorrow, tomorrow-
                                        next, forward, or other 
                                        foreign exchange 
                                        precious metals or 
                                        other commodity 
                                        agreement;
                                            ``(cc) a currency 
                                        swap, option, future, 
                                        or forward agreement;
                                            ``(dd) an equity 
                                        index or equity swap, 
                                        option, future, or 
                                        forward agreement;
                                            ``(ee) a debt index 
                                        or debt swap, option, 
                                        future, or forward 
                                        agreement;
                                            ``(ff) a total 
                                        return, credit spread 
                                        or credit swap, option, 
                                        future, or forward 
                                        agreement;
                                            ``(gg) a commodity 
                                        index or commodity 
                                        swap, option, future, 
                                        or forward agreement;
                                            ``(hh) a weather 
                                        swap, option, future, 
                                        or forward agreement;
                                            ``(ii) an emissions 
                                        swap, option, future, 
                                        or forward agreement; 
                                        or
                                            ``(jj) an inflation 
                                        swap, option, future, 
                                        or forward agreement;
                                    ``(II) any agreement or 
                                transaction that is similar to 
                                any other agreement or 
                                transaction referred to in this 
                                clause and that is of a type 
                                that has been, is presently, or 
                                in the future becomes, the 
                                subject of recurrent dealings 
                                in the swap or other 
                                derivatives markets (including 
                                terms and conditions 
                                incorporated by reference in 
                                such agreement) and that is a 
                                forward, swap, future, option 
                                or spot transaction on one or 
                                more rates, currencies, 
                                commodities, equity securities 
                                or other equity instruments, 
                                debt securities or other debt 
                                instruments, quantitative 
                                measures associated with an 
                                occurrence, extent of an 
                                occurrence, or contingency 
                                associated with a financial, 
                                commercial, or economic 
                                consequence, or economic or 
                                financial indices or measures 
                                of economic or financial risk 
                                or value;
                                    ``(III) any combination of 
                                agreements or transactions 
                                referred to in this clause;
                                    ``(IV) any option to enter 
                                into any agreement or 
                                transaction referred to in this 
                                clause;
                                    ``(V) a master agreement 
                                that provides for an agreement 
                                or transaction referred to in 
                                any of subclauses (I) through 
                                (IV), together with all 
                                supplements to any such master 
                                agreement, without regard to 
                                whether the master agreement 
                                contains an agreement or 
                                transaction that is not a swap 
                                agreement under this clause, 
                                except that the master 
                                agreement shall be considered 
                                to be a swap agreement under 
                                this clause only with respect 
                                to each agreement or 
                                transaction under the master 
                                agreement that is referred to 
                                in subclause (I), (II), (III), 
                                or (IV); and
                                    ``(VI) any security 
                                agreement or arrangement or 
                                other credit enhancement 
                                related to any agreements or 
                                transactions referred to in any 
                                of subclauses (I) through (V), 
                                including any guarantee or 
                                reimbursement obligation in 
                                connection with any agreement 
                                or transaction referred to in 
                                any such subclause.
                            ``(viii) Transfer.--The term 
                        `transfer' means every mode, direct or 
                        indirect, absolute or conditional, 
                        voluntary or involuntary, of disposing 
                        of or parting with property or with an 
                        interest in property, including 
                        retention of title as a security 
                        interest and foreclosure of the equity 
                        of redemption of a System institution.
                            ``(ix) Treatment of master 
                        agreement as 1 agreement.--For purposes 
                        of this subparagraph--
                                    ``(I) any master agreement 
                                for any contract or agreement 
                                described in this subparagraph 
                                (or any master agreement for 
                                such a master agreement