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115th Congress }                                      {  Rept. 115-136
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session   }                                      {         Part 1

======================================================================



 
         PROTECTING YOUNG VICTIMS FROM SEXUAL ABUSE ACT OF 2017

                                _______
                                

  May 22, 2017.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

   Mr. Goodlatte, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 1973]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 1973) to prevent the sexual abuse of minors and 
amateur athletes by requiring the prompt reporting of sexual 
abuse to law enforcement authorities, and for other purposes, 
having considered the same, report favorably thereon with an 
amendment and recommend that the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
The Amendment....................................................     1
Purpose and Summary..............................................     4
Background and Need for the Legislation..........................     5
Hearings.........................................................     5
Committee Consideration..........................................     5
Committee Votes..................................................     5
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     6
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures........................     6
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................     6
Duplication of Federal Programs..................................     7
Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings..............................     7
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................     7
Advisory on Earmarks.............................................     8
Section-by-Section Analysis......................................     8
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............    10
Committee Jurisdiction Letters...................................    23

                             The Amendment

    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Protecting Young Victims from Sexual 
Abuse Act of 2017''.

SEC. 2. REQUIRED REPORTING OF CHILD AND SEXUAL ABUSE AT FACILITIES 
                    UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF AMATEUR SPORTS 
                    ORGANIZATIONS RECOGNIZED BY THE UNITED STATES 
                    OLYMPIC COMMITTEE.

  (a) Reporting Requirement.--Section 226 of the Victims of Child Abuse 
Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13031) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``A person who'' and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(1) Covered professionals.--A person who''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) Covered individuals.--A covered individual who learns 
        of facts that give reason to suspect that a child has suffered 
        an incident of child abuse shall as soon as possible make a 
        report of the suspected abuse to the agency designated by the 
        Attorney General under subsection (d).'';
          (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
        by striking ``subsection (a)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (a)(1)'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (B) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting a semicolon; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(9) the term `covered facility' means a facility over which 
        a national governing body has jurisdiction;
          ``(10) the term `covered individual' means an adult who is 
        authorized by a covered facility or by a national governing 
        body to interact with a minor or amateur athlete at the covered 
        facility or at any event sanctioned by the covered facility; 
        and
          ``(11) the term `national governing body' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 220501(b) of title 36, United States 
        Code.'';
          (4) in subsection (d), in the first sentence, by inserting 
        ``and for all covered facilities'' after ``reside'';
          (5) in subsection (f), in the first sentence--
                  (A) by striking ``and on all'' and inserting ``on 
                all''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``and for all covered facilities,'' 
                after ``lands,'';
          (6) in subsection (h), by inserting ``and all covered 
        individuals,'' after ``facilities,''; and
          (7) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(i) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to require a victim of child abuse to self-report the 
abuse.''.
  (b) Penalty for Failure to Report.--Section 2258 of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after ``facility,'' the following: 
``or a covered individual (as described in subsection (a)(2) of such 
section 226) who''.

SEC. 3. CIVIL REMEDY FOR PERSONAL INJURIES.

  Section 2255 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
  ``(a) In General.--Any person who, while a minor, was a victim of a 
violation of section 1589, 1590, 1591, 2241(c), 2242, 2243, 2251, 
2251A, 2252, 2252A, 2260, 2421, 2422, or 2423 of this title and who 
suffers personal injury as a result of such violation, regardless of 
whether the injury occurred while such person was a minor, may sue in 
any appropriate United States District Court and shall recover the 
actual damages such person sustains or liquidated damages in the amount 
of $150,000, and the cost of the action, including reasonable 
attorney's fees and other litigation costs reasonably incurred. The 
court may also award punitive damages and such other preliminary and 
equitable relief as the court determines to be appropriate.'';
          (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``filed within'' and all 
        that follows through the end and inserting the following: 
        ``file--
          ``(1) not later than 10 years after the date on which the 
        plaintiff reasonably discovers the later of--
                  ``(A) the violation that forms the basis for the 
                claim; or
                  ``(B) the injury that forms the basis for the claim; 
                or
          ``(2) not later than 10 years after the date on which a legal 
        disability ends.''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(c) Venue; Service of Process.--
          ``(1) Venue.--Any action brought under subsection (a) may be 
        brought in the district court of the United States that meets 
        applicable requirements relating to venue under section 1391 of 
        title 28.
          ``(2) Service of process.--In an action brought under 
        subsection (a), process may be served in any district in which 
        the defendant--
                  ``(A) is an inhabitant; or
                  ``(B) may be found.''.

SEC. 4. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITIES AND DUTIES OF AMATEUR SPORTS 
                    ORGANIZATIONS RECOGNIZED BY THE UNITED STATES 
                    OLYMPIC COMMITTEE TO PREVENT THE ABUSE OF MINOR AND 
                    AMATEUR ATHLETES.

  (a) Expansion of Authorities.--Section 220523(a) of title 36, United 
States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
          (2) in paragraph (7), by striking the period and inserting 
        ``; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(8) develop training, oversight practices, policies, and 
        procedures to prevent the abuse, including physical abuse and 
        sexual abuse, of any minor or amateur athlete by any adult.''.
  (b) Additional Duties.--Section 220524 of such title is amended--
          (1) by inserting ``(a) In General.--'' before ``For the 
        sport'';
          (2) in paragraph (8), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
          (3) in paragraph (9), by striking the period and inserting a 
        semicolon; and
          (4) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(10) develop and enforce policies, mechanisms, and 
        procedures to prevent the abuse, including physical abuse and 
        sexual abuse, of any minor or amateur athlete, including--
                  ``(A) requiring all adults authorized by a national 
                governing body or a member of a national governing body 
                to interact with a minor or amateur athlete at an 
                amateur sports organization facility or at any event 
                sanctioned by a national governing body or a member of 
                a national governing body, to report facts that give 
                reason to suspect child abuse, including sexual abuse, 
                as required by relevant Federal or State law, to law 
                enforcement authorities and other appropriate 
                authorities, including an entity designated by the 
                corporation to investigate and resolve such 
                allegations;
                  ``(B) establishing a mechanism, approved by a trained 
                expert on child abuse, that allows an individual to 
                easily report an incident of child abuse as described 
                in subparagraph (A) to the national governing body or 
                another authority, including an entity designated by 
                the corporation;
                  ``(C) procedures to ensure that covered individuals 
                are instructed to avoid one-on-one situations with any 
                amateur athlete who is a minor (other than such an 
                athlete for whom the covered individual is a legal 
                guardian) at an amateur sports organization facility, 
                at any event sanctioned by a national governing body, 
                or any event sanctioned by a member of a national 
                governing body, without being observable or 
                interruptible by another adult; and
                  ``(D) oversight procedures, including regular and 
                random audits, not to exceed once a year, conducted by 
                subject matter experts unaffiliated with the national 
                governing body, of all members and adults described in 
                subparagraph (A) to ensure that policies and procedures 
                developed under this paragraph are followed correctly 
                and that consistent training is offered and given to 
                all members regarding prevention of sexual abuse; and
          ``(11) in the case of a national governing body with 
        jurisdiction over more than one amateur sports organization 
        facility or event, establish a mechanism by which--
                  ``(A) the national governing body can--
                          ``(i) receive a report of suspected sexual 
                        misconduct by an adult authorized by a national 
                        governing body or a member of a national 
                        governing body to interact with a minor or 
                        amateur athlete at an amateur sports 
                        organization facility or at any event 
                        sanctioned by a national governing body or a 
                        member of a national governing body; and
                          ``(ii) confidentially share a report received 
                        under clause (i) with each of the other amateur 
                        sports organizations, facilities, or members 
                        under the jurisdiction of the national 
                        governing body; and
                  ``(B) an amateur sports organization, facility, or 
                member under the jurisdiction of the national governing 
                body can--
                          ``(i) review the reports received by the 
                        national governing body under subparagraph 
                        (A)(i) to assess any allegations of sexual 
                        misconduct made in such reports; and
                          ``(ii) withhold providing to an adult who is 
                        the subject of an allegation of sexual 
                        misconduct in a report reviewed under clause 
                        (i) authority to interact with a minor or 
                        amateur athlete at such organization, facility, 
                        or event until the resolution of such 
                        allegation.
  ``(b) Limited Liability for the United States Olympic Committee, 
National Governing Bodies, and an Entity Designated by the United 
States Olympic Committee to Investigate and Resolve Sexual Misconduct 
Allegations.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraphs (2), no 
        civil or criminal action may be brought in any Federal or State 
        court against the United States Olympic Committee, a national 
        governing body, or an amateur sports organization, facility, or 
        event under the jurisdiction of a national governing body, or 
        an entity designated by the United States Olympic Committee to 
        investigate and resolve sexual misconduct allegations described 
        in subsection (a)(11), including any director, officer, 
        employee, or agent of such entity, if the action arises from 
        the execution of the responsibilities or functions described in 
        subsection (a)(11).
          ``(2) Intentional, reckless, or other misconduct.--Paragraph 
        (1) shall not apply to a civil or criminal action if the United 
        States Olympic Committee, a national governing body, an amateur 
        sports organization, facility, or event under the jurisdiction 
        of a national governing body, or an entity designated by the 
        United States Olympic Committee to investigate and resolve 
        sexual misconduct allegations described in subsection (a)(11), 
        or a director, officer, employee, or agent of such entity acted 
        or failed to act--
                  ``(A) with reckless disregard for a risk of causing 
                injury; or
                  ``(B) for a purpose unrelated to the performance of 
                any responsibility or function described in subsection 
                (a)(11).
          ``(3) Limited effect.--Nothing in this section shall apply to 
        any act or omission arising out of any responsibility or 
        function not described in subsection (a)(11).''.
  (c) Rule of Construction.--Section 220522 of such title is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
  ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) shall be 
construed to limit the ability of a national governing body to develop 
a policy or procedure to prevent an individual who is the subject of an 
allegation of sexual misconduct from interacting with a minor or 
amateur athlete until such time as the national governing body, or an 
entity with applicable jurisdiction resolves such allegation.''.
  (d) Review of Recognition of Amateur Sports Organizations as National 
Governing Bodies.--Section 220521(d) of title 36, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``may'' each place it appears and inserting 
``shall''.

                          Purpose and Summary

    This bill is intended to mandate the reporting of child 
abuse in organizations that work with amateur athletes; 
strengthen civil remedies for all victims of sexual abuse; and 
clarify the duties of national governing bodies (``NGB's''), 
such as USA Gymnastics, regarding allegations of sexual abuse. 
A national governing body is an organization chartered by the 
U.S. Olympic Committee to, among other things, work with 
amateur athletes. The Act makes it unlawful for an adult 
working with an NGB to fail to report an incident of child 
sexual abuse to local and federal law enforcement authorities. 
Under current law, if child sexual abuse occurs on federal 
lands, it is a federal offense to not report the abuse to law 
enforcement authorities. Federal law deems certain people 
``mandatory reporters,'' such as doctors, psychiatrists, social 
workers, teachers, child care workers, law enforcement 
personnel, and commercial photographers. This legislation 
extends this reporting requirement to additional ``covered 
individuals,'' or adults authorized by to interact with minors 
or amateur athletes.
    Further, the Act bolsters the civil remedy provisions of 
``Masha's Law,'' which allows minor victims of sexual abuse to 
bring a civil action against their abusers by clarifying that 
once liability is established, the court must presume monetary 
damages of $150,000; and by clarifying that the 10-year statute 
of limitations here does not begin to run until the victim 
reasonably discovers the injury or violation that gives rise to 
the cause of action. Finally, the bill specifies that NGBs are 
authorized to develop training, oversight practices, policies, 
and procedures to prevent sexual abuse of amateur athletes.

                Background and Need for the Legislation

    In 1978, the Amateur Sports Act was signed into law by 
President Jimmy Carter. The Act charters the U.S. Olympic 
Committee, which in turn can charter an NGB for each sport, 
such as USA Swimming, the United States Fencing Association, 
the United States Ski Team, USA Track & Field, or U.S. Figure 
Skating. Each NGB establishes the rules for selecting the 
United States Olympic Team and promotes amateur competition in 
that sport.
    According to the Indianapolis Star, over the past 20 years 
up to 368 victims (who were members of the USA Gymnastics' 
family) were subjected to sexual abuse by coaches, doctors, or 
other adults affiliated with USA Gymnastics. Although USA 
Gymnastics received reports of abuse, some victims claimed USA 
Gymnastics allowed the abuse allegations to remain dormant. 
This includes complaints made against coaches who left gyms in 
one state and then moved to another state, where they continued 
abusing young athletes.
    USA Gymnastics has claimed that the Ted Stevens Olympic and 
Amateur Sports Act, which revised the Amateur Sports Act in 
1998, prevents it from disciplining coaches or other members 
when allegations are made against them. They claim the Act 
limits the actions they can take against coaches because it 
requires due process before a coach's membership can be 
revoked.
    This legislation is necessary to assure child abuse is 
being reported by those who work with amateur athletes. It also 
is necessary to clarify duties for NGBs; these organizations 
should be taking action against coaches or other members when 
allegations are made against them to assure young athletes are 
kept safe.

                                Hearings

    The Committee on the Judiciary held no hearings on H.R. 
1973, but held a hearing on the subject of child exploitation 
generally on March 16, 2017.

                        Committee Consideration

    On May 18, 2017, the Committee met in open session and 
ordered the bill H.R. 1973 favorably reported, with an 
amendment, by voice vote, a quorum being present.

                            Committee Votes

    In compliance with clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that there 
were no recorded votes during the Committee's consideration of 
H.R. 1973.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that the 
findings and recommendations of the Committee, based on 
oversight activities under clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, are incorporated in the 
descriptive portions of this report.

               New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures

    Clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives is inapplicable because this legislation does 
not provide new budgetary authority or increased tax 
expenditures.

               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee sets forth, with 
respect to the bill, H.R. 1973, the following estimate and 
comparison prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                      Washington, DC, May 19, 2017.
Hon. Bob Goodlatte,
Chairman, Committee on the Judiciary,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 1973, the 
Protecting Young Victims from Sexual Abuse Act of 2017.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Mark 
Grabowicz, who can be reached at 226-2860.
            Sincerely,
                                                        Keith Hall.
Enclosure.

        cc: Honorable John Conyers, Jr.
           Ranking Member




   H.R. 1973--Protecting Young Victims from Sexual Abuse Act of 2017


As ordered reported by the House Committee on the Judiciary on May 18, 
                                  2017




    H.R. 1973 would broaden the coverage of current laws that 
require reporting of child abuse. As a result, the government 
might be able to pursue cases that it otherwise would not be 
able to prosecute. CBO expects that the bill would apply to a 
relatively small number of offenders, however, so any increase 
in costs for law enforcement, court proceedings, or prison 
operations would not be significant. Any such costs would be 
subject to the availability of appropriated funds.
    Enacting the bill could affect direct spending and 
revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Because 
those prosecuted and convicted under H.R. 1973 could be subject 
to criminal fines, the federal government might collect 
additional fines if the legislation is enacted. Criminal fines 
are recorded as revenues, deposited in the Crime Victims Fund, 
and later spent without further appropriation action. CBO 
expects that any additional revenues and associated direct 
spending would not be significant because the legislation would 
probably affect only a small number of cases.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 1973 would not increase 
net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
    H.R. 1973 contains no intergovernmental mandates as defined 
in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) and would not affect 
the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments.
    H.R. 1973 would impose private-sector mandates as defined 
in UMRA. The bill would require national governing bodies 
recognized by the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) to 
develop and enforce policies to prevent the abuse of minor or 
amateur athletes. According to testimony, the USOC already 
requires such entities to participate in its program to prevent 
abuse of athletes. Consequently, CBO estimates that the costs 
of complying with any additional requirements would be small. 
Additionally, the bill would require adults authorized to 
interact with young athletes by those organizations to report 
suspected abuse. CBO estimates that the cost to report 
information would be small and that the aggregate cost of the 
mandates would fall below the annual threshold established in 
UMRA for private-sector mandates ($156 million in 2017, 
adjusted annually for inflation).
    The CBO staff contacts for this estimate are Mark Grabowicz 
(for federal costs) and Amy Petz (for private-sector mandates). 
The estimate was approved by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    No provision of H.R. 1973 establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                  Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings

    The Committee estimates that H.R. 1973 specifically directs 
to be completed no specific rule makings within the meaning of 
5 U.S.C. 551.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    The Committee states that pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, H.R. 
1973 aims to protect young athletes from abuse by imposing 
mandatory reporting requirements on individuals authorized to 
work with minors at national governing body facilities and 
clarifying duties for those national governing bodies.

                          Advisory on Earmarks

    In accordance with clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, H.R. 1973 does not contain any 
congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff 
benefits as defined in clause 9(e), 9(f), or 9(g) of rule XXI.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis

    The following discussion describes the bill as reported by 
the Committee.

Sec. 1. Short title.

    This Act may be cited as the `Protecting Young Victims from 
Sexual Abuse Act of 2017'.

Sec. 2. Required reporting of child and sexual abuse at facilities 
        under the jurisdiction of amateur sports organizations 
        recognized by the United States Olympic Committee:

    This provision makes it unlawful for an adult working with 
a national governing body, a national governing body member (or 
at a national governing body sanctioned event or a national 
governing body member's event) to fail to report an incident of 
child sexual abuse to local and federal authorities.
           Sec. 2(a) Mandatory Reporting Requirement:
                   If child sexual abuse occurs on 
                federal lands, it is a federal offense to not 
                report the abuse to law enforcement 
                authorities.
                   This provision extends this 
                reporting requirement to additional ``covered 
                individuals,'' or adults authorized by a 
                national governing body (or any entity subject 
                to the jurisdiction of a national governing 
                body such as a private gymnasium) to interact 
                with minors or amateur athletes at events 
                sanctioned by national governing body members 
                and national governing bodies such as during 
                travel, practices, competitions, and health or 
                medical treatment. Victims are not required to 
                self-report under this provision.
                   The reporting requirement would 
                arise where the person ``learns of facts that 
                give reason to suspect that a child has 
                suffered an incident of child abuse, including 
                sexual abuse.'' This language is similar to the 
                language already included in the Victims of 
                Child Abuse Act of 1990.
                   The report of child abuse must 
                be made to an agency designated by the Attorney 
                General, which can be a local or federal law 
                enforcement agency.
           Sec. 3. Civil Remedy for Personal Injuries:
    This section bolsters the civil remedy provisions of 
``Masha's Law,'' which updated The Child Abuse Victims' Rights 
Act of 1986 and allows minor victims to sue their perpetrators 
for 14 criminal offenses that cover sexual abuse acts and 
exploitation of minors as well as human trafficking crimes.
                   Sec. 3(a) Revised Liability and 
                Damages Provisions
                           The section sets forth a 
                        statutory damages amount of $150,000. 
                        Current law requires the plaintiff to 
                        prove personal monetary injury (with a 
                        floor of $150,000) in order to recover.
                           By setting forth a clear 
                        statutory damages figure, this new 
                        language presumes a personal monetary 
                        injury if one establishes he or she is 
                        a victim. The section also allows a 
                        court to award punitive damages when 
                        warranted.
                   Sec. 3(b) Statute of Limitations 
                Extension.
                           This section clarifies that the 
                        10-year statute of limitations does not 
                        begin to run until the victim 
                        reasonably discovers the injury or 
                        violation that gives rise to the cause 
                        of action. This is because there are 
                        instances where victims do not discover 
                        their injuries or the violations until 
                        later on in adulthood.
                           This section further clarifies 
                        that as an alternative statute of 
                        limitations period, the statute of 
                        limitations is 10 years after age 18, 
                        the age of ``legal disability.''
                   Sec. 3(c) Clarification 
                Regarding Court Venue/Jurisdiction and Service 
                of Process.
                           This section clarifies that the 
                        venue provisions of 1391 of Title 28 
                        determine the appropriate U.S. District 
                        Court. It also allows service to occur 
                        where a defendant resides or may be 
                        found.
           Sec. 4 Expansion of authorities and duties 
        of amateur sports organizations recognized by the 
        United States Olympic Committee to prevent the abuse of 
        minor and amateur athletes: This section clarifies the 
        duties of national governing bodies (NGB) chartered 
        under the Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act of 
        1978. The Amateur Sports Act was enacted to charter the 
        United States Olympic Committee, which in turn charters 
        47 NGBs for each sport, such as USA Gymnastics, USA 
        Swimming, USA Volleyball, and USA Taekwondo. Each NGB 
        establishes the rules for its members and promotes 
        amateur competition in that sport.
                   Sec. 4(a) Expansion of NGB 
                Authorities.
                           This section specifies that 
                        NGB's are authorized to develop 
                        training, oversight practices, 
                        policies, and procedures to prevent 
                        sexual abuse of amateur athletes.
                   Sec. 4(b) Specific obligations 
                of NGBs.
                           Among the authorities to NGBs 
                        are specific authorities to develop:
                           Requirements for members 
                        affiliated with the NGB to immediately 
                        report all allegations of sexual child 
                        abuse to law enforcement authorities 
                        consistent with State and Federal law, 
                        and to the U.S. Center for SafeSport, 
                        which is the entity designated by the 
                        U.S. Olympic Committee for reporting of 
                        abuse allegations;
                           Streamlined procedures for the 
                        reporting of all allegations of sexual 
                        child abuse committed by a member of an 
                        NGB or any adult authorized to interact 
                        with an amateur athlete to NGBs or 
                        other authorities, including the U.S. 
                        Center for SafeSport, which is the 
                        entity designated by the U.S. Olympic 
                        Committee for reporting abuse 
                        allegations;
                           Authorizes NGB's to instruct 
                        adults to avoid one-on-one interactions 
                        with minor amateur athletes--that is, 
                        interactions without being within 
                        observable and or interruptible 
                        distance by another adult, unless the 
                        adult is the minor's parent;
                           Oversight procedures, including 
                        random audits of all members (not to 
                        exceed once a year);
                           Procedures to report and track 
                        individuals who leave a member gym or 
                        facility and go to another member gym 
                        or facility, and the ability to prevent 
                        that individual from interacting 
                        further with minors at a facility over 
                        which it has jurisdiction while an 
                        allegation of sex abuse is pending 
                        (until the member gym or facility or 
                        national governing body determines 
                        there is no risk to a minor or amateur 
                        athlete resolves such allegation);
                   Sec. 4(b) Limited Liability for 
                the USOC, NGBs, and U.S. Center for SafeSport.
                           For the provision above that 
                        obligates NGBs to accept reports of 
                        sexual misconduct and grants NGBs 
                        authority to confidentially share those 
                        reports to other NGB members and impose 
                        interim measures, this limited 
                        liability provision protects the USOC, 
                        NGBs, and amateur sports organizations 
                        from lawsuits if they execute their 
                        duties without intentional misconduct 
                        (to include acts or omissions that are 
                        done with actual malice, reckless 
                        disregard, or for an improper purpose). 
                        The provision does not apply to 
                        ordinary ministerial activities.
                   Sec. 4(c) Rules of Construction.
                           Clarifies that the Amateur 
                        Sports Act does not limit the ability 
                        of an NGB to prevent an adult who is 
                        subject to a sexual misconduct 
                        allegation from interacting with a 
                        minor or amateur athlete until there is 
                        a determination that there is no risk 
                        to a minor or amateur athlete 
                        resolution of the allegation against 
                        him or her.
                   Sec. 4(d): Mandated Review of 
                NGB Certifications.
                           The U.S. Olympic Committee 
                        currently ``may'' review a national 
                        governing body's certification. This 
                        section mandates the U.S. Olympic 
                        Committee ``shall'' review a national 
                        governing body's certification.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italics, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

VICTIMS OF CHILD ABUSE ACT OF 1990

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



TITLE II--VICTIMS OF CHILD ABUSE ACT OF 1990

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 Subtitle C--Child Abuse Training Programs for Judicial Personnel and 
Practitioners

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SEC. 226. CHILD ABUSE REPORTING.

  (a) In General.--[A person who]
          (1) Covered professionals._A person who, while 
        engaged in a professional capacity or activity 
        described in subsection (b) on Federal land or in a 
        federally operated (or contracted) facility, learns of 
        facts that give reason to suspect that a child has 
        suffered an incident of child abuse, shall as soon as 
        possible make a report of the suspected abuse to the 
        agency designated under subsection (d) and to the 
        agency or agencies provided for in subsection (e), if 
        applicable.
          (2) Covered individuals.--A covered individual who 
        learns of facts that give reason to suspect that a 
        child has suffered an incident of child abuse shall as 
        soon as possible make a report of the suspected abuse 
        to the agency designated by the Attorney General under 
        subsection (d).
  (b) Covered Professionals.--Persons engaged in the following 
professions and activities are subject to the requirements of 
[subsection (a)] subsection (a)(1):
          (1) Physicians, dentists, medical residents or 
        interns, hospital personnel and administrators, nurses, 
        health care practitioners, chiropractors, osteopaths, 
        pharmacists, optometrists, podiatrists, emergency 
        medical technicians, ambulance drivers, undertakers, 
        coroners, medical examiners, alcohol or drug treatment 
        personnel, and persons performing a healing role or 
        practicing the healing arts.
          (2) Psychologists, psychiatrists, and mental health 
        professionals.
          (3) Social workers, licensed or unlicensed marriage, 
        family, and individual counselors.
          (4) Teachers, teacher's aides or assistants, school 
        counselors and guidance personnel, school officials, 
        and school administrators.
          (5) Child care workers and administrators.
          (6) Law enforcement personnel, probation officers, 
        criminal prosecutors, and juvenile rehabilitation or 
        detention facility employees.
          (7) Foster parents.
          (8) Commercial film and photo processors.
  (c) Definitions.--For the purposes of this section--
          (1) the term ``child abuse'' means the physical or 
        mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation, or 
        negligent treatment of a child;
          (2) the term ``physical injury'' includes but is not 
        limited to lacerations, fractured bones, burns, 
        internal injuries, severe bruising or serious bodily 
        harm;
          (3) the term ``mental injury'' means harm to a 
        child's psychological or intellectual functioning which 
        may be exhibited by severe anxiety, depression, 
        withdrawal or outward aggressive behavior, or a 
        combination of those behaviors, which may be 
        demonstrated by a change in behavior, emotional 
        response or cognition;
          (4) the term ``sexual abuse'' includes the 
        employment, use, persuasion, inducement, enticement, or 
        coercion of a child to engage in, or assist another 
        person to engage in, sexually explicit conduct or the 
        rape, molestation, prostitution, or other form of 
        sexual exploitation of children, or incest with 
        children;
          (5) the term ``sexually explicit conduct'' means 
        actual or simulated--
                  (A) sexual intercourse, including sexual 
                contact in the manner of genital-genital, oral-
                genital, anal-genital, or oral-anal contact, 
                whether between persons of the same or of 
                opposite sex; sexual contact means the 
                intentional touching, either directly or 
                through clothing, of the genitalia, anus, 
                groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks of any 
                person with an intent to abuse, humiliate, 
                harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify sexual 
                desire of any person;
                  (B) bestiality;
                  (C) masturbation;
                  (D) lascivious exhibition of the genitals or 
                pubic area of a person or animal; or
                  (E) sadistic or masochistic abuse;
          (6) the term ``exploitation'' means child pornography 
        or child prostitution;
          (7) the term ``negligent treatment'' means the 
        failure to provide, for reasons other than poverty, 
        adequate food, clothing, shelter, or medical care so as 
        to seriously endanger the physical health of the child; 
        [and]
          (8) the term ``child abuse'' shall not include 
        discipline administered by a parent or legal guardian 
        to his or her child provided it is reasonable in manner 
        and moderate in degree and otherwise does not 
        constitute cruelty[.];
          (9) the term ``covered facility'' means a facility 
        over which a national governing body has jurisdiction;
          (10) the term ``covered individual'' means an adult 
        who is authorized by a covered facility or by a 
        national governing body to interact with a minor or 
        amateur athlete at the covered facility or at any event 
        sanctioned by the covered facility; and
          (11) the term ``national governing body'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 220501(b) of title 
        36, United States Code.
  (d) Agency Designated To Receive Report and Action To Be 
Taken.--For all Federal lands and all federally operated (or 
contracted) facilities in which children are cared for or 
reside and for all covered facilities, the Attorney General 
shall designate an agency to receive and investigate the 
reports described in subsection (a). By formal written 
agreement, the designated agency may be a non-Federal agency. 
When such reports are received by social services or health 
care agencies, and involve allegations of sexual abuse, serious 
physical injury, or life-threatening neglect of a child, there 
shall be an immediate referral of the report to a law 
enforcement agency with authority to take emergency action to 
protect the child. All reports received shall be promptly 
investigated, and whenever appropriate, investigations shall be 
conducted jointly by social services and law enforcement 
personnel, with a view toward avoiding unnecessary multiple 
interviews with the child.
  (e) Reporters and Recipient of Report Involving Children and 
Homes of Members of the Armed Forces.--
          (1) Recipients of reports.--In the case of an 
        incident described in subsection (a) involving a child 
        in the family or home of member of the Armed Forces 
        (regardless of whether the incident occurred on or off 
        a military installation), the report required by 
        subsection (a) shall be made to the appropriate child 
        welfare services agency or agencies of the State in 
        which the child resides. The Attorney General, the 
        Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security (with respect to the Coast Guard when it is 
        not operating as a service in the Navy) shall jointly, 
        in consultation with the chief executive officers of 
        the States, designate the child welfare service 
        agencies of the States that are appropriate recipients 
        of reports pursuant to this subsection. Any report on 
        an incident pursuant to this subsection is in addition 
        to any other report on the incident pursuant to this 
        section.
          (2) Makers of reports.--For purposes of the making of 
        reports under this section pursuant to this subsection, 
        the persons engaged in professions and activities 
        described in subsection (b) shall include members of 
        the Armed Forces who are engaged in such professions 
        and activities for members of the Armed Forces and 
        their dependents.
  (f) Reporting Form.--In every federally operated (or 
contracted) facility, [and on all] on all Federal lands, and 
for all covered facilities, a standard written reporting form, 
with instructions, shall be disseminated to all mandated 
reporter groups. Use of the form shall be encouraged, but its 
use shall not take the place of the immediate making of oral 
reports, telephonically or otherwise, when circumstances 
dictate.
  (g) Immunity for Good Faith Reporting and Associated 
Actions.--All persons who, acting in good faith, make a report 
by subsection (a), or otherwise provide information or 
assistance in connection with a report, investigation, or legal 
intervention pursuant to a report, shall be immune from civil 
and criminal liability arising out of such actions. There shall 
be a presumption that any such persons acted in good faith. If 
a person is sued because of the person's performance of one of 
the above functions, and the defendant prevails in the 
litigation, the court may order that the plaintiff pay the 
defendant's legal expenses. Immunity shall not be accorded to 
persons acting in bad faith.
  (g) [Omitted--amendatory]
  (h) Training of Prospective Reporters.--All individuals in 
the occupations listed in subsection (b)(1) who work on Federal 
lands, or are employed in federally operated (or contracted) 
facilities, and all covered individuals, shall receive periodic 
training in the obligation to report, as well as in the 
identification of abused and neglected children.
  (i) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to require a victim of child abuse to self-report the 
abuse.

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TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE

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PART I--CRIMES

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CHAPTER 110--SEXUAL EXPLOITATION AND OTHER ABUSE OF CHILDREN

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Sec. 2255. Civil remedy for personal injuries

  [(a) In General.--Any person who, while a minor, was a victim 
of a violation of section 1589, 1590, 1591, 2241(c), 2242, 
2243, 2251, 2251A, 2252, 2252A, 2260, 2421, 2422, or 2423 of 
this title and who suffers personal injury as a result of such 
violation, regardless of whether the injury occurred while such 
person was a minor, may sue in any appropriate United States 
District Court and shall recover the actual damages such person 
sustains and the cost of the suit, including a reasonable 
attorney's fee. Any person as described in the preceding 
sentence shall be deemed to have sustained damages of no less 
than $150,000 in value.]
  (a) In General.--Any person who, while a minor, was a victim 
of a violation of section 1589, 1590, 1591, 2241(c), 2242, 
2243, 2251, 2251A, 2252, 2252A, 2260, 2421, 2422, or 2423 of 
this title and who suffers personal injury as a result of such 
violation, regardless of whether the injury occurred while such 
person was a minor, may sue in any appropriate United States 
District Court and shall recover the actual damages such person 
sustains or liquidated damages in the amount of $150,000, and 
the cost of the action, including reasonable attorney's fees 
and other litigation costs reasonably incurred. The court may 
also award punitive damages and such other preliminary and 
equitable relief as the court determines to be appropriate.
  (b) Statute of Limitations.--Any action commenced under this 
section shall be barred unless the complaint is [filed within 
10 years after the right of action first accrues or in the case 
of a person under a legal disability, not later than three 
years after the disability.] file--
          (1) not later than 10 years after the date on which 
        the plaintiff reasonably discovers the later of--
                  (A) the violation that forms the basis for 
                the claim; or
                  (B) the injury that forms the basis for the 
                claim; or
          (2) not later than 10 years after the date on which a 
        legal disability ends.
  (c) Venue; Service of Process.--
          (1) Venue.--Any action brought under subsection (a) 
        may be brought in the district court of the United 
        States that meets applicable requirements relating to 
        venue under section 1391 of title 28.
          (2) Service of process.--In an action brought under 
        subsection (a), process may be served in any district 
        in which the defendant--
                  (A) is an inhabitant; or
                  (B) may be found.

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Sec. 2258. Failure to report child abuse

  A person who, while engaged in a professional capacity or 
activity described in subsection (b) of section 226 of the 
Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 on Federal land or in a 
federally operated (or contracted) facility, or a covered 
individual (as described in subsection (a)(2) of such section 
226) who learns of facts that give reason to suspect that a 
child has suffered an incident of child abuse, as defined in 
subsection (c) of that section, and fails to make a timely 
report as required by subsection (a) of that section, shall be 
fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 1 year or 
both.

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TITLE 36, UNITED STATES CODE

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SUBTITLE II--PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

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PART B--ORGANIZATIONS

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CHAPTER 2205--UNITED STATES OLYMPIC COMMITTEE

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                SUBCHAPTER II--NATIONAL GOVERNING BODIES


Sec. 220521. Recognition of amateur sports organizations as national 
                    governing bodies

  (a) General Authority.--For any sport which is included on 
the program of the Olympic Games, the Paralympic Games, or the 
Pan-American Games, the corporation is authorized to recognize 
as a national governing body (in the case of a sport on the 
program of the Olympic Games or Pan-American Games) or as a 
paralympic sports organization (in the case of a sport on the 
program of the Paralympic Games for which a national governing 
body has not been designated under section 220522(b)) an 
amateur sports organization which files an application and is 
eligible for such recognition in accordance with the provisions 
of subsection (a) or (b) of section 220522. The corporation may 
recognize only one national governing body for each sport for 
which an application is made and approved, except as provided 
in section 220522(b) with respect to a paralympic sports 
organization.
  (b) Public Hearing.--Before recognizing an organization as a 
national governing body, the corporation shall hold at least 2 
public hearings on the application. The corporation shall 
publish notice of the time, place, and nature of the hearings. 
Publication shall be made in a regular issue of the 
corporation's principal publication at least 30 days, but not 
more than 60 days, before the date of the hearings. The 
corporation shall send written notice, which shall include a 
copy of the application, at least 30 days prior to the date of 
any such public hearing to all amateur sports organizations 
known to the corporation in that sport.
  (c) Recommendation to International Sports Federation.--
Within 61 days after recognizing an organization as a national 
governing body, the corporation shall recommend and support in 
any appropriate manner the national governing body to the 
appropriate international sports federation as the 
representative of the United States for that sport.
  (d) Review of Recognition.--The corporation [may] shall 
review all matters related to the continued recognition of an 
organization as a national governing body and [may] shall take 
action it considers appropriate, including placing conditions 
on the continued recognition.

Sec. 220522. Eligibility requirements

  (a) General.--An amateur sports organization is eligible to 
be recognized, or to continue to be recognized, as a national 
governing body only if it--
          (1) is incorporated under the laws of a State of the 
        United States or the District of Columbia as a not-for-
        profit corporation having as its purpose the 
        advancement of amateur athletic competition;
          (2) has the managerial and financial capability to 
        plan and execute its obligations;
          (3) submits--
                  (A) an application, in the form required by 
                the corporation, for recognition as a national 
                governing body;
                  (B) a copy of its corporate charter and 
                bylaws; and
                  (C) any additional information considered 
                necessary or appropriate by the corporation;
          (4) agrees to submit to binding arbitration in any 
        controversy involving--
                  (A) its recognition as a national governing 
                body, as provided for in section 220529 of this 
                title, upon demand of the corporation; and
                  (B) the opportunity of any amateur athlete, 
                coach, trainer, manager, administrator or 
                official to participate in amateur athletic 
                competition, upon demand of the corporation or 
                any aggrieved amateur athlete, coach, trainer, 
                manager, administrator or official, conducted 
                in accordance with the Commercial Rules of the 
                American Arbitration Association, as modified 
                and provided for in the corporation's 
                constitution and bylaws, except that if the 
                Athletes' Advisory Council and National 
                Governing Bodies' Council do not concur on any 
                modifications to such Rules, and if the 
                corporation's executive committee is not able 
                to facilitate such concurrence, the Commercial 
                Rules of Arbitration shall apply unless at 
                least two-thirds of the corporation's board of 
                directors approves modifications to such Rules;
          (5) demonstrates that it is autonomous in the 
        governance of its sport, in that it--
                  (A) independently decides and controls all 
                matters central to governance;
                  (B) does not delegate decision-making and 
                control of matters central to governance; and
                  (C) is free from outside restraint;
          (6) demonstrates that it is a member of no more than 
        one international sports federation that governs a 
        sport included on the program of the Olympic Games or 
        the Pan-American Games;
          (7) demonstrates that its membership is open to any 
        individual who is an amateur athlete, coach, trainer, 
        manager, administrator, or official active in the sport 
        for which recognition is sought, or any amateur sports 
        organization that conducts programs in the sport for 
        which recognition is sought, or both;
          (8) provides an equal opportunity to amateur 
        athletes, coaches, trainers, managers, administrators, 
        and officials to participate in amateur athletic 
        competition, without discrimination on the basis of 
        race, color, religion, sex, age, or national origin, 
        and with fair notice and opportunity for a hearing to 
        any amateur athlete, coach, trainer, manager, 
        administrator, or official before declaring the 
        individual ineligible to participate;
          (9) is governed by a board of directors or other 
        governing board whose members are selected without 
        regard to race, color, religion, national origin, or 
        sex, except that, in sports where there are separate 
        male and female programs, it provides for reasonable 
        representation of both males and females on the board 
        of directors or other governing board;
          (10) demonstrates, based on guidelines approved by 
        the corporation, the Athletes' Advisory Council, and 
        the National Governing Bodies' Council, that its board 
        of directors and other such governing boards have 
        established criteria and election procedures for and 
        maintain among their voting members individuals who are 
        actively engaged in amateur athletic competition in the 
        sport for which recognition is sought or who have 
        represented the United States in international amateur 
        athletic competition within the preceding 10 years, 
        that any exceptions to such guidelines by such 
        organization have been approved by the corporation, and 
        that the voting power held by such individuals is not 
        less than 20 percent of the voting power held in its 
        board of directors and other such governing boards;
          (11) provides for reasonable direct representation on 
        its board of directors or other governing board for any 
        amateur sports organization that--
                  (A) conducts a national program or regular 
                national amateur athletic competition in the 
                applicable sport on a level of proficiency 
                appropriate for the selection of amateur 
                athletes to represent the United States in 
                international amateur athletic competition; and
                  (B) ensures that the representation reflects 
                the nature, scope, quality, and strength of the 
                programs and competitions of the amateur sports 
                organization in relation to all other programs 
                and competitions in the sport in the United 
                States;
          (12) demonstrates that none of its officers are also 
        officers of any other amateur sports organization 
        recognized as a national governing body;
          (13) provides procedures for the prompt and equitable 
        resolution of grievances of its members;
          (14) does not have eligibility criteria related to 
        amateur status or to participation in the Olympic 
        Games, the Paralympic Games, or the Pan-American Games 
        that are more restrictive than those of the appropriate 
        international sports federation; and
          (15) demonstrates, if the organization is seeking to 
        be recognized as a national governing body, that it is 
        prepared to meet the obligations imposed on a national 
        governing body under sections 220524 and 220525 of this 
        title.
  (b) Recognition of Paralympic Sports Organizations.--For any 
sport which is included on the program of the Paralympic Games, 
the corporation is authorized to designate, where feasible and 
when such designation would serve the best interest of the 
sport, and with the approval of the affected national governing 
body, a national governing body recognized under subsection (a) 
to govern such sport. Where such designation is not feasible or 
would not serve the best interest of the sport, the corporation 
is authorized to recognize another amateur sports organization 
as a paralympic sports organization to govern such sport, 
except that, notwithstanding the other requirements of this 
chapter, any such paralympic sports organization--
          (1) shall comply only with those requirements, 
        perform those duties, and have those powers that the 
        corporation, in its sole discretion, determines are 
        appropriate to meet the objects and purposes of this 
        chapter; and
          (2) may, with the approval of the corporation, govern 
        more than one sport included on the program of the 
        Paralympic Games.
  (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) shall be 
construed to limit the ability of a national governing body to 
develop a policy or procedure to prevent an individual who is 
the subject of an allegation of sexual misconduct from 
interacting with a minor or amateur athlete until such time as 
the national governing body, or an entity with applicable 
jurisdiction resolves such allegation.

Sec. 220523. Authority of national governing bodies

  (a) Authority.--For the sport that it governs, a national 
governing body may--
          (1) represent the United States in the appropriate 
        international sports federation;
          (2) establish national goals and encourage the 
        attainment of those goals;
          (3) serve as the coordinating body for amateur 
        athletic activity in the United States;
          (4) exercise jurisdiction over international amateur 
        athletic activities and sanction international amateur 
        athletic competition held in the United States and 
        sanction the sponsorship of international amateur 
        athletic competition held outside the United States;
          (5) conduct amateur athletic competition, including 
        national championships, and international amateur 
        athletic competition in the United States, and 
        establish procedures for determining eligibility 
        standards for participation in competition, except for 
        amateur athletic competition specified in section 
        220526 of this title;
          (6) recommend to the corporation individuals and 
        teams to represent the United States in the Olympic 
        Games, the Paralympic Games, and the Pan-American 
        Games[; and];
          (7) designate individuals and teams to represent the 
        United States in international amateur athletic 
        competition (other than the Olympic Games, the 
        Paralympic Games, and the Pan-American Games) and 
        certify, in accordance with applicable international 
        rules, the amateur eligibility of those individuals and 
        teams[.]; and
          (8) develop training, oversight practices, policies, 
        and procedures to prevent the abuse, including physical 
        abuse and sexual abuse, of any minor or amateur athlete 
        by any adult.
  (b) Replacement of National Governing Body Pursuant to 
Arbitration.--A national governing body may not exercise any 
authority under subsection (a) of this section for a particular 
sport after another amateur sports organization has been 
declared (in accordance with binding arbitration proceedings 
prescribed by the organic documents of the corporation) 
entitled to replace that national governing body as the member 
of the corporation for that sport.

Sec. 220524. General duties of national governing bodies

  (a) In General.--For the sport that it governs, a national 
governing body shall--
          (1) develop interest and participation throughout the 
        United States and be responsible to the persons and 
        amateur sports organizations it represents;
          (2) minimize, through coordination with other amateur 
        sports organizations, conflicts in the scheduling of 
        all practices and competitions;
          (3) keep amateur athletes informed of policy matters 
        and reasonably reflect the views of the athletes in its 
        policy decisions;
          (4) disseminate and distribute to amateur athletes, 
        coaches, trainers, managers, administrators, and 
        officials in a timely manner the applicable rules and 
        any changes to such rules of the national governing 
        body, the corporation, the appropriate international 
        sports federation, the International Olympic Committee, 
        the International Paralympic Committee, and the Pan-
        American Sports Organization;
          (5) allow an amateur athlete to compete in any 
        international amateur athletic competition conducted by 
        any amateur sports organization or person, unless the 
        national governing body establishes that its denial is 
        based on evidence that the organization or person 
        conducting the competition does not meet the 
        requirements stated in section 220525 of this title;
          (6) provide equitable support and encouragement for 
        participation by women where separate programs for male 
        and female athletes are conducted on a national basis;
          (7) encourage and support amateur athletic sports 
        programs for individuals with disabilities and the 
        participation of individuals with disabilities in 
        amateur athletic activity, including, where feasible, 
        the expansion of opportunities for meaningful 
        participation by individuals with disabilities in 
        programs of athletic competition for able-bodied 
        individuals;
          (8) provide and coordinate technical information on 
        physical training, equipment design, coaching, and 
        performance analysis[; and];
          (9) encourage and support research, development, and 
        dissemination of information in the areas of sports 
        medicine and sports safety[.];
          (10) develop and enforce policies, mechanisms, and 
        procedures to prevent the abuse, including physical 
        abuse and sexual abuse, of any minor or amateur 
        athlete, including--
                  (A) requiring all adults authorized by a 
                national governing body or a member of a 
                national governing body to interact with a 
                minor or amateur athlete at an amateur sports 
                organization facility or at any event 
                sanctioned by a national governing body or a 
                member of a national governing body, to report 
                facts that give reason to suspect child abuse, 
                including sexual abuse, as required by relevant 
                Federal or State law, to law enforcement 
                authorities and other appropriate authorities, 
                including an entity designated by the 
                corporation to investigate and resolve such 
                allegations;
                  (B) establishing a mechanism, approved by a 
                trained expert on child abuse, that allows an 
                individual to easily report an incident of 
                child abuse as described in subparagraph (A) to 
                the national governing body or another 
                authority, including an entity designated by 
                the corporation;
                  (C) procedures to ensure that covered 
                individuals are instructed to avoid one-on-one 
                situations with any amateur athlete who is a 
                minor (other than such an athlete for whom the 
                covered individual is a legal guardian) at an 
                amateur sports organization facility, at any 
                event sanctioned by a national governing body, 
                or any event sanctioned by a member of a 
                national governing body, without being 
                observable or interruptible by another adult; 
                and
                  (D) oversight procedures, including regular 
                and random audits, not to exceed once a year, 
                conducted by subject matter experts 
                unaffiliated with the national governing body, 
                of all members and adults described in 
                subparagraph (A) to ensure that policies and 
                procedures developed under this paragraph are 
                followed correctly and that consistent training 
                is offered and given to all members regarding 
                prevention of sexual abuse; and
          (11) in the case of a national governing body with 
        jurisdiction over more than one amateur sports 
        organization facility or event, establish a mechanism 
        by which--
                  (A) the national governing body can--
                          (i) receive a report of suspected 
                        sexual misconduct by an adult 
                        authorized by a national governing body 
                        or a member of a national governing 
                        body to interact with a minor or 
                        amateur athlete at an amateur sports 
                        organization facility or at any event 
                        sanctioned by a national governing body 
                        or a member of a national governing 
                        body; and
                          (ii) confidentially share a report 
                        received under clause (i) with each of 
                        the other amateur sports organizations, 
                        facilities, or members under the 
                        jurisdiction of the national governing 
                        body; and
                  (B) an amateur sports organization, facility, 
                or member under the jurisdiction of the 
                national governing body can--
                          (i) review the reports received by 
                        the national governing body under 
                        subparagraph (A)(i) to assess any 
                        allegations of sexual misconduct made 
                        in such reports; and
                          (ii) withhold providing to an adult 
                        who is the subject of an allegation of 
                        sexual misconduct in a report reviewed 
                        under clause (i) authority to interact 
                        with a minor or amateur athlete at such 
                        organization, facility, or event until 
                        the resolution of such allegation.
   (b) Limited Liability for the United States Olympic 
Committee, National Governing Bodies, and an Entity Designated 
by the United States Olympic Committee to Investigate and 
Resolve Sexual Misconduct Allegations.--
           (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraphs 
        (2), no civil or criminal action may be brought in any 
        Federal or State court against the United States 
        Olympic Committee, a national governing body, or an 
        amateur sports organization, facility, or event under 
        the jurisdiction of a national governing body, or an 
        entity designated by the United States Olympic 
        Committee to investigate and resolve sexual misconduct 
        allegations described in subsection (a)(11), including 
        any director, officer, employee, or agent of such 
        entity, if the action arises from the execution of the 
        responsibilities or functions described in subsection 
        (a)(11).
           (2) Intentional, reckless, or other misconduct.--
        Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a civil or criminal 
        action if the United States Olympic Committee, a 
        national governing body, an amateur sports 
        organization, facility, or event under the jurisdiction 
        of a national governing body, or an entity designated 
        by the United States Olympic Committee to investigate 
        and resolve sexual misconduct allegations described in 
        subsection (a)(11), or a director, officer, employee, 
        or agent of such entity acted or failed to act--
                   (A) with reckless disregard for a risk of 
                causing injury; or
                   (B) for a purpose unrelated to the 
                performance of any responsibility or function 
                described in subsection (a)(11).
           (3) Limited effect.--Nothing in this section shall 
        apply to any act or omission arising out of any 
        responsibility or function not described in subsection 
        (a)(11).

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