Report text available as:

(PDF provides a complete and accurate display of this text.) Tip?



115th Congress    }                                            {   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                            {  115-231

======================================================================



 
 COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 
                                  2018

                                _______
                                

 July 17, 2017.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

         Mr. Culberson, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 3267]

    The Committee on Appropriations submits the following 
report in explanation of the accompanying bill making 
appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2018, and for 
other purposes.

                        INDEX TO BILL AND REPORT

                                                            Page number

                                                            Bill Report
Title I--Department of Commerce............................     2
                                                                      5
Title II--Department of Justice............................    23
                                                                     28
Title III--Science.........................................    59
                                                                     54
        Office of Science and Technology Policy............    59
                                                                     54
        National Aeronautics and Space Administration......    60
                                                                     54
        National Science Foundation........................    68
                                                                     68
Title IV--Related Agencies.................................    72
                                                                     73
        Commission on Civil Rights.........................    72
                                                                     73
        Equal Employment Opportunity Commission............    72
                                                                     73
        International Trade Commission.....................    73
                                                                     73
        Legal Services Corporation.........................    74
                                                                     74
        Marine Mammal Commission...........................    75
                                                                     74
        Office of the United States Trade Representative...    75
                                                                     74
        State Justice Institute............................    76
                                                                     75
Title V--General Provisions................................    77
                                                                     75
House of Representatives Reporting Requirements............
                                                                     79
Minority Views.............................................
                                                                    125

                         Highlights of the Bill

    The Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies 
Subcommittee has jurisdiction over a diverse group of agencies 
responsible for combating gangs, violent crime, drug 
trafficking, financial fraud, terrorism, espionage, and 
cybercrime; enforcing trade laws; conducting periodic censuses; 
forecasting the weather; managing fisheries; exploring space; 
and advancing science. The activities of these agencies impact 
nearly every American and are integral to the operations of our 
government.
    The bill provides a total of $53,935,000,000 in 
discretionary budget authority for fiscal year 2018, which is 
$2,620,000,000 below the fiscal year 2017 discretionary enacted 
level.
    Within the level of funds provided, the bill prioritizes 
funding for Federal law enforcement, national security, and the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) while 
freezing, reducing, or eliminating funding for non-critical 
activities.
    For the Department of Justice, the bill provides an 
increase of $318,864,000 from the current year and is 
$836,856,000 above the budget request. This includes an 
increase of $47,546,000 for the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation's (FBI) salaries and expenses to enhance its 
efforts to combat violent crime, cybercrime, terrorism, and 
espionage. The bill also provides increases across the Federal 
law enforcement agencies to enhance immigration enforcement, 
combat violent crime and opioids trafficking. These increases 
include $64,500,000 for immigration courts, $22,252,000 for 
United States Attorneys, $87,546,000 for the United States 
Marshals Service, $9,000,000 for interagency drug task forces, 
$97,987,000 for the Drug Enforcement Administration, 
$35,176,000 for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and 
Explosives, and $61,448,000 for the operations of the Federal 
Prison System.
    For State and local law enforcement activities, the bill 
increases funds for Violence Against Women Prevention and 
Prosecutions Programs, the State Criminal Alien Assistance 
Program and Byrne Justice Assistance Grants. The bill also 
continues support for priority programs such as Adam Walsh Act, 
NICS background checks, the DNA initiative, Reducing Sexual 
Assault Kit Backlogs, the Second Chance Act, the Missing and 
Exploited Children program, and fully funds the Comprehensive 
Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016.
    For NASA, the bill includes $19,871,834,000 which is an 
increase of $218,534,000 above fiscal year 2017. The Committee 
believes that additional investment is needed to maintain 
American leadership in space exploration and science, and for 
NASA to successfully execute all of its activities and 
missions. A bold space exploration program that engages the 
nation will inspire new generations of scientists and engineers 
and contribute to the economic success and space leadership of 
the country. The bill advances space exploration and ensures 
our nation remains the world's leader in space exploration and 
technology, aeronautics research, and discovery in space and 
science. The bill provides for the continued development of the 
Orion crew vehicle, the Space Launch System, and Exploration 
Ground Systems that will one day send astronauts beyond low 
Earth orbit. The bill continues funding for critical scientific 
missions and technology programs. The Committee directs NASA to 
follow the direction of the decadal surveys in prioritizing 
activities during fiscal year 2018 and in the future.
    For the National Science Foundation, the bill maintains 
funding for the Research and Related Activities appropriation 
at the fiscal year 2017 level.
    Within the Department of Commerce, the bill priorities the 
International Trade Administration's enforcement and compliance 
activities and continuing preparations for the 2020 decennial 
census. Funding for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration prioritizes weather forecasting, ocean 
exploration, weather research, and fisheries management.
    In order to fund the priority programs described above, the 
bill recommends terminating 37 programs, resulting in savings 
of more than $623,644,000 from the fiscal year 2017 level and 
$347,000,000 from the President's request for these same 
programs. In addition, the bill recommends freezing or reducing 
18 appropriation accounts in the Department of Commerce, 20 
appropriation accounts in the Department of Justice, and 5 
appropriation accounts in related agencies.

                      Oversight and Budget Review

    In furtherance of the Committee's oversight 
responsibilities and to protect hard-earned taxpayer dollars, 
the Committee has included language that:
           Withholds funds for information technology 
        related to the 2020 census until a comprehensive 
        investment plan is provided to the Committee and the 
        Government Accountability Office.
           Caps total life-cycle costs for programs 
        that have a record of poor performance, including 
        weather satellites and the James Webb Space Telescope.
           Prohibits funding for the National Technical 
        Information Service to charge customers for a copy of a 
        document generated by the Legislative Branch unless the 
        customer is informed how to receive an electronic copy 
        free online.
           Requires monthly reporting on Immigration 
        Judge performance.
           Maintains limitations on the Department of 
        Justice's use of non-appropriated funds including the 
        Working Capital Fund and the Assets Forfeiture Fund.
           Requires quarterly reporting of unobligated 
        balances.
           Requires agencies procuring sensitive 
        information technology systems to conduct supply chain 
        risk assessments.
           Requires contractors and grantees receiving 
        more than $5,000,000 to certify that they are not 
        delinquent on their Federal taxes.
           Prohibits funds from being used to purchase 
        first class and premium airline travel.
           Limits the number of agency staff who can 
        attend overseas conferences.
           Requires agencies to track undisbursed grant 
        balances.
           Requires agencies to submit spending plans 
        for the Committee's review.
           Requires agencies to notify the Committee of 
        project cost overruns and mitigation plans.
           Requires agency computer networks to block 
        pornography.
    Paper Reduction Efforts.--The Committee urges the 
Departments of Commerce and Justice, the National Science 
Foundation, and NASA to work with the Office of Management and 
Budget to reduce printing and reproduction costs and directs 
each agency to report to the Committee within 60 days of 
enactment of this Act on the steps it has taken to achieve this 
goal. The report should specifically identify how much funding 
each agency expects to save by implementing these measures.
    Performance Measures.--The Committee directs each of the 
agencies funded by this Act to comply with title 31 of the 
United States Code, including the development of their 
organizational priority goals and outcomes such as performance 
outcome measures, output measures, efficiency measures, and 
customer service measures.

                        Reprogramming Procedures

    Section 505 of the bill contains language concerning the 
reprogramming of funds between programs, projects, and 
activities. The Committee reminds the departments and agencies 
funded in this bill that the reprogramming process is based on 
comity between the Congress and the Executive Branch. This 
process is intended to provide departments and agencies 
sufficient flexibility to meet changing circumstances and 
emergent requirements not known at the time of congressional 
review of the budget while preserving congressional priorities 
and intent. In the absence of comity and respect for the 
prerogatives of the Appropriations Committees and the Congress 
in general, the Committee may opt to include specific program 
limitations and details in legislation and remove language 
providing the flexibility to reallocate funds. Under these 
circumstances, programs, projects, and activities become 
absolutes and the Executive Branch shall lose the ability to 
propose changes in the use of appropriated funds except through 
legislative action.
    Each department and agency funded in this bill shall follow 
the directions set forth in this bill and the accompanying 
report, and shall not reallocate resources or reorganize 
activities except as provided herein. Reprogramming procedures 
shall apply to funds provided in this bill, unobligated 
balances from previous appropriations Acts that are available 
for obligation or expenditure in fiscal year 2018, and non-
appropriated resources such as fee collections that are used to 
meet program requirements in fiscal year 2018. As specified in 
section 505, the Committee expects that the Appropriations 
Subcommittees on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies of the House and Senate will be notified by letter a 
minimum of 15 days prior to any reprogramming of funds that--
          (1) creates or initiates a new program, project, or 
        activity;
          (2) eliminates a program, project, or activity;
          (3) increases funds or personnel by any means for any 
        project or activity for which funds have been denied or 
        restricted;
          (4) relocates an office or employees;
          (5) reorganizes or renames offices, programs, or 
        activities;
          (6) contracts out or privatizes any functions or 
        activities presently performed by Federal employees;
          (7) augments existing programs, projects, or 
        activities in excess of $500,000 or 10 percent, 
        whichever is less, or reduces by 10 percent funding for 
        any program, project, or activity, or numbers of 
        personnel by 10 percent; or
          (8) results from any general savings, including 
        savings from a reduction in personnel, which would 
        result in a change in existing programs, projects, or 
        activities as approved by Congress.
    Any reprogramming request shall include any out-year 
budgetary impacts and a separate accounting of program or 
mission impacts on estimated carryover funds. The Committee 
further expects any department or agency funded in this bill 
that plans a reduction-in-force to notify the Committee by 
letter at least 30 days in advance of the date of any such 
planned personnel action.

            Relationship With Budget and Comptroller Offices

    Through the years the Appropriations Committee has 
channeled most of its inquiries and requests for information 
and assistance through the budget offices or comptroller 
organizations of the various departments, agencies, and 
commissions. Such relationships are necessary to accomplish the 
work of the Committee. While the Committee reserves the right 
to call upon all organizations in the departments, agencies and 
commissions for information and assistance, the primary contact 
between the Committee and these entities must be through the 
budget offices and comptroller organizations, or through a 
legislative affairs unit designated by the Committee to work on 
appropriations and budget matters.
    The workload generated in the budget process is large and 
growing; therefore, a positive, responsive relationship between 
the Committee and the budget and/or comptroller offices is 
essential for the Committee to fulfill the Constitutional 
appropriations responsibilities of Congress.

                                TITLE I


                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE


                   International Trade Administration


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends $480,000,000 in total resources 
for the programs of the International Trade Administration 
(ITA), which is $15,000,000 below fiscal year 2017 and 
$24,500,000 above the request. This amount is offset by 
$13,000,000 in estimated fee collections, resulting in a direct 
appropriation of $467,000,000.
    Trade enforcement.--The recommendation funds Enforcement 
and Compliance at the requested level of $88,500,000. The 
Committee instructs the ITA to make the enforcement of 
antidumping and countervailing duties its highest priority, and 
recommends that the ITA focus specifically on expeditiously 
reducing case backlogs and thoroughly investigating the extent 
to which trade law evasion harms domestic industries.
    Global Markets.--The recommendation provides $309,000,000 
for Global Markets. The recommendation does not adopt the 
proposal to reduce U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service staff or 
close overseas offices or U.S. Export Assistance Centers. The 
recommendation does not fund the SelectUSA initiative.
    Industry and Analysis.--The recommendation provides 
$49,250,000 for Industry and Analysis.
    Executive Direction and Administration.--The recommendation 
provides $20,250,000 for Executive Direction and 
Administration.
    Business-to-Business Networks.--The Committee directs the 
ITA to conduct Business-to-Business Networks for industry 
clusters in Northern Mexico and Southern United States to 
promote regionally-driven economic development strategies that 
support advanced manufacturing and exports of American goods 
and services.

                    Bureau of Industry and Security


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends $112,500,000 for the Bureau of 
Industry and Security (BIS), which is the same as fiscal year 
2017. The recommendation prioritizes Export Enforcement.

                  Economic Development Administration

    The Committee does not adopt the proposal to terminate the 
Economic Development Administration (EDA) and recommends 
$176,000,000 for the programs and administrative expenses of 
the EDA.

                ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    The Committee provides $140,000,000 for the Economic 
Development Assistance Programs for grants to economically 
destressed areas. The bill provides $17,000,000 for the 
Regional Innovation Program. Additionally, within the funds 
provided, EDA shall prioritize Public Works.
    Assistance to coal mining communities.--The recommendation 
includes the enacted level to assist coal mining communities. 
The Committee appreciates that EDA has engaged and is 
collaborating with local leaders and stakeholders, along with 
other Federal agencies, to develop comprehensive strategies to 
promote economic growth in coal mining communities. The 
Committee expects this effort to continue. Within the funds 
provided, the Committee directs EDA to continue assisting 
communities that have yet to develop an economic development 
strategy to begin the planning process. For communities that 
have created economic development strategies, EDA shall 
continue providing assistance to implement the strategies, 
including the funding of economic development projects. EDA 
shall continue to report to the Committee on its efforts to 
assist coal communities and include a detailed description of 
how EDA and other Federal agencies have assisted coal mining 
communities to date and how the Federal government plans to 
assist them in the future.
    Regional Innovation Program.--The Committee encourages EDA 
to support the development of regional innovation clusters that 
focus on advanced wood products. The Committee supports 
university-based, high-tech business incubators.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $36,000,000 for EDA salaries and 
expenses.

                  Minority Business Development Agency


                     MINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    The Committee recommends $34,000,000 for the Minority 
Business Development Agency (MBDA), which is equal to the 
enacted level. Within the funds provided, not less than 
$17,000,000 shall be awarded through cooperative agreements, 
external awards and grants.
    Report.--MBDA shall provide a report to the Committee 
within 180 days of enactment of this Act on the state of 
minority-owned businesses, including an evaluation of their 
access to capital.

                      Bureau of Economic Analysis


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $96,000,000 for the Bureau of 
Economic Analysis, which is $11,300,000 below fiscal year 2017 
and $1,000,000 below the request. The recommendation adopts the 
reorganization proposal.

                          Bureau of the Census

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,507,000,000 for the 
Bureau of the Census, which is $37,000,000 above fiscal year 
2017 and $10,000,000 above the request.

                      CURRENT SURVEYS AND PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $256,000,000 for the Current 
Surveys and Programs, which is $14,000,000 below fiscal year 
2017 and $10,000,000 above the request.
    Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP).--Within 
the amounts provided, Census shall continue the level of effort 
for the SIPP at no less than the fiscal year 2017 level and 
shall conduct the 2018 panel such that it is comparable to wave 
1 of the previous SIPP cycle.

                     PERIODIC CENSUSES AND PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,251,000,000 for 
Periodic Censuses and Programs, which is $51,000,000 above the 
fiscal year 2017 level and the same as the request. The 
recommendation provides for a transfer of $2,580,000 to the 
Department of Commerce Office of Inspector General (OIG) for 
oversight of the Census Bureau. The recommended increase will 
support completion of research and the beginning of design, 
development, and testing for the 2020 Census.
    The Committee encourages the Census Bureau to reconsider 
its proposal to cancel two of the three census tests scheduled 
for 2018.
    Census risks.--The Committee is concerned that the 2020 
Census is a Government Accountability Office (GAO) high-risk 
area. With limited time remaining until Census Day, the Census 
Bureau needs to: (1) ensure key innovations will function as 
planned; (2) strengthen the management and oversight of all IT 
programs, systems, and contractors supporting the decennial; 
and (3) develop reliable cost estimates. Already, the Bureau is 
experiencing significant cost overruns in key programs.
    The Committee appreciates that Census leadership meets with 
GAO staff monthly to discuss the progress the Bureau is making 
toward the 2020 Census, including how it is addressing GAO's 
open recommendations, and encourages these meetings to 
continue. To aid the Committee in its oversight function, the 
Bureau shall update the Committee quarterly on the status of 
implementing GAO recommendations regarding the 2020 Census.
    To help ensure the Census Bureau is on track to make and 
execute key decisions, deliver necessary IT systems, and manage 
risks, by September 30, 2017 the Census Bureau shall provide 
the Committee and GAO with:
          --A list of all operations and IT systems, 
        functionality, or infrastructure still being considered 
        for the 2020 Census;
          --A list of all operations and IT systems, 
        functionality, or infrastructure being considered for 
        the 2020 Census that will not be in the 2018 end-to-end 
        test, as well as the current estimates of when they 
        will be operationally tested, if at all;
          --A list of all operations and IT systems, 
        functionality, or infrastructure where it is known that 
        what or how it is being tested in the 2018 end-to-end 
        test differs from what or how it will be used for the 
        2020 Census;
          --Plans to manage and mitigate each ``red'' program-
        level risk identified for either the 2020 Census or 
        Census Enterprise Data Collection and Processing 
        (CEDCaP) programs;
          --A spend plan for the 2018 end-to-end test, 
        including quarter-by-quarter expected obligations; and
          --An updated life-cycle cost estimate for the 2020 
        Census.
    American Community Survey (ACS).--The Committee is very 
concerned about the burdensome nature of the ACS and directs 
Census to focus on its core, constitutionally mandated 
decennial Census activities. The Bureau shall continue to 
provide quarterly briefings to the Committee on efforts to 
ensure the necessity of all the questions on the ACS; on 
efforts to ensure that non-response follow-up is conducted in 
the least intrusive manner; and on congressional outreach 
conducted by the Respondent Advocate.
    2020 Census lifecycle cost.--The Committee is concerned 
that the Bureau's lifecycle cost estimate for the 2020 Census 
did not reflect cost estimation best practices. The Committee 
understands that no guidance or standard methodology was used 
to account for risks in its cost estimate. The Committee also 
understands that documentation of the assumptions in the 
estimate is lacking.
    The Committee further understands that the Census Bureau 
does not believe the cost estimate provided in October 2015 
reflects the current state of the program and that the Bureau 
plans to submit an updated cost estimate. The Committee directs 
the Bureau to submit this estimate expeditiously, as directed 
earlier in this section, and to ensure that it is accurate.
    CEDCaP.--The Committee supports the Bureau's efforts to 
develop a more flexible, automated and secure enterprise 
architecture that will enable Census to realize economies of 
scale to support data collection efforts. The Bureau shall 
continue to provide quarterly briefings regarding the status of 
these efforts. Information in these briefings shall include, 
but not be limited to, the current system's costs to maintain, 
the surveys supported, FTE associated with those systems, and 
the anticipated date that various IT systems will be retired 
and data merged onto the larger enterprise architecture. Census 
shall provide these reports concurrently to the OIG and GAO.
    The recommendation also continues bill language withholding 
50 percent of the funds for information technology related to 
2020 census delivery, including the CEDCaP program, until the 
Secretary submits to the Committees on Appropriations and the 
GAO an expenditure plan for CEDCaP.
    Language assistance and data on small population groups.--
The Committee is concerned about the availability of data on 
small population groups and the availability of language 
assistance for respondents to the Census surveys, including 
those who speak Asian languages, Pacific Islander languages, 
American Indian and Alaska Native languages, African languages, 
Spanish, and other languages. The Committee awaits a report 
directed in fiscal year 2017 identifying the languages spoken 
by respondent populations most in need of language assistance, 
along with the availability of interviewers and materials for 
persons speaking these languages, and the steps the Bureau will 
take to reach these respondents and otherwise ensure the 
availability and accuracy of data for small population groups. 
The Bureau is directed to communicate this information on a 
regular basis to Census Telephone Centers and regional offices 
to address emerging needs.
    The Committee also directs Census to increase outreach 
activities to historically undercounted communities, including 
colonias.
    Puerto Rico and U.S. territories.--The Committee strongly 
urges the Census Bureau to include all citizens of the United 
States, including those in Puerto Rico and other offshore 
jurisdictions, in its estimates of U.S. resident population and 
other national statistics.
    The Committee also directs the Census Bureau to submit a 
report, not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, on 
the feasibility of expanding all decennial Census surveys to 
Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the 
U.S. Virgin Islands.
    Data-linkage infrastructure.--The Committee strongly 
supports the Census Bureau's commitment to strengthening its 
data-linkage infrastructure to support high quality program 
evaluation on issues of importance to Federal, State, and local 
governments. The Committee encourages the Census Bureau to 
forge partnerships with research institutions and philanthropic 
organizations that can help develop and institutionalize more 
efficient processes for researchers to access and analyze 
linked data while protecting individual privacy.

       National Telecommunications and Information Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $30,000,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of the National Telecommunications and Information 
Administration (NTIA), which is $2,000,000 below fiscal year 
2017 and $6,000,000 below the request.

 
 
 
Domestic and International Policies...................        $7,900,000
Spectrum Management...................................        $7,100,000
Advanced Communications Research......................        $6,000,000
Broadband Programs....................................        $9,000,000
 

    Rural Broadband.--The Committee directs NTIA to continue 
coordinating with the Rural Utilities Service, the Federal 
Communications Commission, and other related Federal agencies 
to ensure that policies tied to one Federal program do not 
undermine the objectives and functionality of another. The 
Committee encourages NTIA to continue working with the rural 
communications industry to identify and pursue ways to continue 
broadband deployment and adoption.
    Outcome-Based Measures.--The Committee directs NTIA to 
include outcome-based goals and performance measures for its 
broadband adoption and availability work in its performance 
plan as soon as practicable.

               United States Patent and Trademark Office


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $3,500,000,000 for the United 
States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO), the full amount of 
fiscal year 2018 fee collections estimated by the Congressional 
Budget Office. This estimate is $270,000,000 above fiscal year 
2017 collection estimates. The recommendation continues 
language making available any excess fee collections above the 
estimated level and the amounts appropriated in this Act. PTO 
shall provide monthly reports on its actual and projected fee 
collections and performance. PTO shall also provide additional 
operations reporting to the Committee on a quarterly basis, 
including data on application volumes and staffing status.
    Patent and Trademark Fee Reserve Fund.--The recommendation 
includes bill language regarding excess fees deposited in the 
Patent and Trademark Fee Reserve Fund. The Committee reminds 
PTO that prior to obligating any of the funds in the Reserve 
Fund during fiscal year 2018, PTO shall submit to the Committee 
a reprogramming notification with a detailed spending plan 
describing the intended uses of funds. The Committee expects 
that any such reprogramming will describe how the expenditure 
of these reserve funds will improve patent quality, reduce the 
backlog of pending applications and appeals, improve the 
information technology infrastructure, or otherwise improve the 
efficiency and effectiveness of PTO.
    Patents End-2-End (PE2E).--PTO shall continue to provide 
quarterly reports to the Committee on the status of this 
information technology project, including the proposed 
retirement of legacy systems, cost savings associated with 
those retirements, and any efficiencies achieved in patent 
processing as a result of these investments.
    Addressing management failures.--While the Committee is 
encouraged by the PTO's response to the Office of the Inspector 
General's (OIG's) report, ``Analysis of Patent Examiners' Time 
and Attendance'', the Committee remains concerned about PTO 
time and attendance abuses. The Committee expects to be kept 
informed of PTO's efforts to address outstanding OIG, GAO and 
National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) 
recommendations with quarterly reports.
    Patent quality.--The Committee looks forward to receiving 
the fiscal year 2017 required report on patent quality and 
notes that the fiscal year 2016 report on patent quality has 
yet to be submitted. Within 90 days of enactment of this Act, 
PTO shall submit an updated report to the Committee on the 
implementation of its patent quality initiative, steps taken to 
improve patent quality in fiscal year 2017, and planned actions 
for fiscal year 2018.
    Intellectual Property Attaches.--The Committee supports the 
important work of the Intellectual Property Attache Program.

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

    The Committee recommends $865,000,000 for NIST, which is 
$87,000,000 below fiscal year 2017 and $140,000,000 above the 
request.

             SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL RESEARCH AND SERVICES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $660,000,000 for NIST's scientific 
and technical programs, which is $30,000,000 below fiscal year 
2017 and $60,000,000 above the request.
    Laboratory programs.--The recommendation includes 
$599,000,000 for NIST Laboratory programs. The recommendation 
does not adopt the proposed reductions for: Advanced Networks, 
Connected Systems, and Data Science; Advanced Materials 
Manufacturing; Semiconductor and Microelectronic Measurements; 
Time and Fundamental Measurement Dissemination; Resilience and 
Structural Engineering; Biological Science and Health 
Measurements; Quantum Science; and User Facilities.
    Corporate services.--The recommendation includes 
$12,250,000 for corporate services.
    Standards Coordination and Special Programs.--The 
recommendation includes $48,750,000 for standards coordination 
and special programs. The recommendation does not adopt the 
proposed reduction to Office of Special Programs Management and 
Program Coordination. Other requested reductions and 
terminations are adopted, including those requested for Urban 
Dome and Lab-to-Market.
    Disaster resiliency.--As part of its efforts to improve the 
resiliency of buildings, NIST's Engineering Division is 
encouraged to partner with academic research institutions that 
have expertise in mitigating the effects of natural disasters 
to study and recommend best practices for resilient planning 
and construction. The Committee also urges NIST to study 
building standards and develop recommendations on how building 
standards for buildings, homes, and infrastructure could be 
improved (e.g. fortified structures and durability of 
materials) to enhance resiliency.
    Textile research.--The Committee recognizes the importance 
of the U.S. textile industry and encourages NIST to pursue 
advanced textile and apparel research and manufacturing 
activities.
    Football helmet safety.--The Committee is aware of 
scientific data that demonstrates a correlation between 
football-related collisions and concussions and other traumatic 
brain injuries that can lead to debilitating neural diseases 
such as dementia and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. The 
Committee encourages NIST to investigate an effective national 
testing standard to better determine scientifically the 
inadequacies of football helmets while exploring future product 
designs that can safely reduce the neural risk of playing 
football. A number of academic institutions have substantial 
capabilities and knowledge of these issues, and NIST should 
work cooperatively with the academic community to examine 
advanced helmets and equipment and in developing new testing 
standards to ensure player safety.
    Internet of Things (IoT) security.--The Committee is aware 
of the very real threat that vulnerabilities in IoT devices 
pose for individuals, business and government alike. The 
Committee encourages NIST to develop an IoT cybersecurity 
research initiative and partner, as appropriate, with academic 
entities and industry to address vulnerabilities of IoT 
devices. The initiative should seek to improve the sustainable 
security of IoT devices in consumer and industrial settings. It 
should account for human, technical and economic dimensions.
    The Committee also recognizes the importance of United 
States leadership in addressing security concerns for users and 
data within the IoT and commends NIST for its ongoing work in 
this area. In conjunction with this and other ongoing efforts 
related to cybersecurity, the Committee encourages NIST to 
continue strengthening its cybersecurity measurement science 
and standard-setting efforts related to the IoT, including, but 
not limited to, industry-led best practices such as flexible 
connection points and network segmentation.
    Examining the 2013 NIST Cybersecurity Framework.--The 
Committee is aware of concerns about the lack of data 
supporting the effectiveness of the NIST Cybersecurity 
Framework implemented by Executive Order 13636 in 2013. The 
Committee supports the development of a model to evaluate the 
effectiveness of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework, and believes 
that such research could be used to identify cost-savings 
generated by implementation of the framework and incentivize 
businesses to voluntarily implement its recommendations.
    Nano-structured metals.--The Committee is aware that the 
use of nano-structured metals in manufacturing is being 
explored with increasing frequency. The Committee is aware of 
concerns that the current regulatory framework, focused on 
process based standards, restricts the introduction of these 
new materials even if they demonstrate significantly better 
performance. Therefore, the Committee directs NIST to review 
the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 
Interlaboratory Study (ILS) Program and conduct a study as to 
how the ASTM ILS Program could be used as a framework to 
develop statistically rigorous performance standards for nano-
structured metals to be approved for use and report back to the 
Committee by April 1, 2018.

                     INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SERVICES

    The Committee recommends $105,000,000 for Industrial 
Technology Services, which is $48,000,000 below fiscal year 
2017 and $84,000,000 above the request. This amount includes 
$100,000,000 for the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) 
and $5,000,000 for the National Network for Manufacturing 
Innovation.
    Program efficiencies.--The Committee is aware of efforts by 
MEP to examine ways to reduce administrative costs and provide 
more direct assistance to the centers. Accordingly, MEP shall 
provide to the Committee an updated report within 60 days of 
enactment of this Act detailing the amount of funds to be 
maintained at headquarters and the uses of those funds. NIST 
shall also provide the Committee with updates on the status of 
recompetition of the centers.

                  CONSTRUCTION OF RESEARCH FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends $100,000,000 for NIST 
construction, which is $9,000,000 below fiscal year 2017 and 
$4,000,000 below the request. NIST shall continue to provide 
updates on the projects funded within this account, to include 
milestones and total amount of funding necessary for 
completion.

            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    The Committee recommends a total of $4,965,659,000 in 
discretionary funds for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA).
    Information technology security.--The Committee is 
concerned by the number of high-risk information technology 
vulnerabilities at NOAA. NOAA shall, within 180 days of 
enactment of this Act, report to the Committee on progress made 
in retiring high-risk vulnerabilities and plans to continue to 
improve information technology security. The Committee does not 
adopt the proposed reduction to IT security.
    NOAA Environmental Security Computing Center.--The 
Committee supports the NOAA Environmental Security Computing 
Center and expects it to be adequately funded within the 
amounts provided.
    Partnering with the private sector.--NOAA shall, to the 
extent practicable, purchase services from the private sector 
when such services are cost effective, reliable, and available.
    Extramural research.--The Committee continues to believe 
that NOAA benefits from collaboration with academia and the 
private sector through cooperative institutes and competitive 
research. These relationships build broad community engagement, 
leverage external funding for mission-oriented research, 
strengthen the science within NOAA, and advance scientific 
knowledge.
    Regional biosecurity plan for Micronesia and Hawaii.--The 
Committee looks forward to receiving the report required in the 
fiscal year 2017 appropriations Act, and requires an update on 
the actions planned to be taken in fiscal year 2018.
    Aquaculture.--Of the funds provided for aquaculture, the 
Committee includes up to $5,000,000 to improve shellfish 
survival and growth rates and to classify and preserve the 
natural genetic variation of shellfish. This work may be 
conducted in partnership with research institutes across the 
United States.
    Satellites.--Given the substantial cost to design, develop, 
and launch satellites and continued reliance on the data they 
gather, NOAA shall ensure that all future satellite programs 
are maneuverable, and otherwise serviceable.

                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$3,411,699,000 under this account for the coastal, fisheries, 
marine, weather, satellite, and other programs of NOAA. This 
total funding level includes $3,240,199,000 in direct 
appropriations, a transfer of $144,000,000 from balances in the 
``Promote and Develop Fishery Products and Research Pertaining 
to American Fisheries'' account and $27,500,000 derived from 
recoveries of prior year obligations. The direct appropriation 
of $3,240,199,000 is $127,676,000 below fiscal year 2017 and 
$274,650,000 above the request.
    The following narrative descriptions and tables identify 
the specific activities and funding levels included in this 
Act.
    National Ocean Service.--The recommendation provides 
$462,646,000 for National Ocean Service, operations, research, 
and facilities.

                         NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Navigation, Observations and Positioning
  Navigation, Observations and Positioning............        $145,446
  Integrated Ocean Observing System Regional                    31,000
   Observations.......................................
  Hydrographic Survey Priorities/Contracts............          25,000
                                                       -----------------
Navigation, Observations and Positioning..............         201,446
                                                       =================
Coastal Science and Assessment
  Coastal Science, Assessment, Response and                     70,000
   Restoration........................................
  Competitive External Research.......................           5,000
                                                       -----------------
Coastal Science and Assessment........................          75,000
                                                       =================
Ocean and Coastal Management and Services
  Coastal Zone Management and Services................          39,600
  Coastal Zone Management Grants......................          45,000
  Coral Reef Program..................................          26,100
  Sanctuaries and Marine Protected Areas..............          52,000
  National Estuarine Research Reserve System..........          23,500
                                                       -----------------
Ocean and Coastal Management and Services.............         186,200
                                                       =================
Total, National Ocean Service, Operations, Research,          $462,646
 and Facilities.......................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Navigation, Observations and Positioning.--The 
recommendation provides $201,446,000 for Navigation, 
Observations and Positioning. Within this amount, the Committee 
expects NOAA to prioritize its mission-critical 
responsibilities including mapping and charting, geodesy, 
tides, and current data activities. The Committee does not 
adopt the proposed termination of the Regional Geospatial 
Modeling Grant program or the proposed decrease for 
Hydrographic Research and Technology Development.
    Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS).--The 
recommendation includes $31,000,000 for IOOS regional 
observations. The Committee supports ongoing efforts to examine 
ways to increase use of autonomous gliders, and encourages IOOS 
to procure additional autonomous gliders.
    Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs).--The Committee remains 
concerned about the continued prevalence of HABs and the effect 
of the related toxins. The Committee supports the ongoing work 
of the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science on HABs and 
encourages NOAA to prioritize research that strives to 
determine and mitigate the impact of HABs on human health and 
wellbeing as authorized by the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia 
Research and Control Act. The Committee encourages NOAA to 
develop and leverage promising technologies to increase our 
understanding, monitoring, and prediction of the occurrence of 
HABs.
    Sanctuaries.--NOAA shall seek to competitively award not 
less than $3,500,000 for tele-presence technology to explore 
and create maps of the deep-water regions of the National 
Marine Sanctuaries. This research should seek to explore the 
oceanography, marine habitats, cultural sites and living and 
non-living marine resources of these sanctuaries to better 
understand their biology, geology and potential cultural 
resources.
    National Estuarine Research Reserves System (NERRS).--The 
Committee does not adopt the proposal to terminate the Federal 
funding of the NERRS and funds it at the enacted level. The 
NERRS is an important partnership between NOAA and the coastal 
States that is crucial for protecting and studying estuarine 
systems.
    National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS).--The Committee 
recommends $848,025,000 for National Marine Fisheries Service 
operations, research, and facilities. The Committee does not 
adopt the proposed reductions to the National Catch Share 
Program.

                    NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Protected Resources Science and Management
  Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles and Other Species.......        $108,500
  Species Recovery Grants.............................           5,989
  Atlantic Salmon.....................................           6,224
  Pacific Salmon......................................          63,000
                                                       -----------------
Protected Resources Science and Management............         183,713
                                                       =================
Fisheries Science and Management
  Fisheries and Ecosystem Science Programs and                 141,323
   Services...........................................
  Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and Assessments.         163,000
  Observers and Training..............................          43,655
  Fisheries Management Programs and Services..........         117,000
  Aquaculture.........................................           8,000
  Salmon Management Activities........................          34,000
  Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions.........          34,000
  Interjurisdictional Fisheries Grants................           3,000
                                                       -----------------
Fisheries Science and Management......................         543,978
                                                       =================
Enforcement...........................................          69,000
                                                       =================
Habitat Conservation and Restoration..................          51,334
                                                       =================
Total, National Marine Fisheries Service, Operations,         $848,025
 Research, and Facilities.............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Protected Resources Science and Management.--The Committee 
recommends $183,713,000 for Protected Resources Science and 
Management programs. Within available resources, the Committee 
encourages NOAA to maintain marine mammal stranding grants.
    Hatchery and Genetic Management Plans.--Within the funds 
provided for Pacific Salmon, $5,000,000 is included to 
implement the Service's comprehensive plan to address the 
backlog of Hatchery and Genetic Management Plans. The Committee 
remains concerned by the existing and growing backlog of these 
plans and encourages NOAA to continue contracting with the U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service, State Agencies, Tribes, and the 
Hatchery Scientific Review Group, as appropriate, to expedite 
approval.
    Stock assessments.--The Committee recognizes that NOAA 
fisheries stock assessments are the cornerstone of fishery 
conservation and management measurements, but the current stock 
assessment data inputs must be improved. The Committee 
continues to provide significant funding to NOAA for fishery 
surveys and other activities in support of stock assessments, 
yet problems persist with the frequency of surveys, adequacy of 
the data, and the use of independent research in developing 
stock assessments. NOAA shall continue to provide quarterly 
briefings to the Committee on its stock assessment program, to 
include, but not be limited to: its process for determining its 
yearly data collection efforts; specific costs for each survey; 
and protocols for ingesting fishery independent data.
    Gulf of Mexico stock assessments.--The Committee commends 
the Department and the Gulf States for, together, lengthening 
the Red Snapper season for recreational anglers across the 
Gulf. There is still, however, a need for improved data and a 
long-term management plan for Red Snapper. Within the amount 
provided for Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and 
Assessments, $10,000,000 is provided to continue to improve the 
science and management of Red Snapper. This funding shall 
support ongoing efforts and competitive awards to continue to 
develop and implement agency-independent data, which shall be 
incorporated into NOAA stock assessments as expeditiously as 
possible. NMFS shall continue its effort to rebaseline and 
restructure its stock assessment analysis and to include all 
reef structures, both natural and artificial, in this effort. 
NMFS shall also quantify the level of Gulf Red Snapper data 
derived from artificial platforms and report back to the 
Committee not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act. 
Agency-independent data efforts may include data from academia 
and fishermen, including fishery data collected on artificial 
reefs, offshore oil platforms and other offshore fixed energy 
exploration infrastructure. Not later than 180 days after the 
enactment of this Act, NOAA shall report to the Committee on 
its proposal for how this funding will be spent, and progress 
made from reef fish funding provided in previous years. NMFS is 
directed to continue to improve its communications with 
stakeholders.
    Cobia.--The Committee recognizes that Cobia is an important 
recreational fishery and is concerned by the impacts on 
communities of the Federal closure of the Atlantic Cobia 
fishery. The Committee encourages NOAA to complete a stock 
assessment of this fishery as soon as possible. The Committee 
believes that stock data, assessment, and peer review workshops 
should consider peer-reviewed research along with State-
provided catch data.
    Fish Information Networks.--The Committee supports the Fish 
Information Networks, the State-Federal cooperative programs 
that coordinate data collection, data management, and 
informational management essential for accurate monitoring of 
commercial and recreational fishing impacts. Fish Information 
Networks shall be adequately funded within the level of funding 
provided for Fisheries Data, Collections, Surveys and 
Assessments.
    Southeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program 
(SEAMAP).--SEAMAP is designed to collect, manage, and 
disseminate fishery-independent data in the southeastern U.S. 
to better inform management decisions. The Committee supports 
SEAMAP, and encourages NOAA to ensure it has adequate resources 
to complete its mission.
    Highly Migratory Species.--The Committee encourages NOAA to 
competitively award studies of highly migratory fish species in 
the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. These species could greatly 
benefit from improved, science-based management and 
conservation.
    Horseshoe crabs.--The Committee remains concerned about the 
inability to estimate the abundance of the Mid-Atlantic 
horseshoe crab population. Adequate data is required to ensure 
States and interstate managers can effectively manage the 
stock, which is important to the biomedical and commercial 
fishing industries, as well as to the ecology of the Mid-
Atlantic region. The Committee directs NMFS to continue working 
to restore the horseshoe crab survey to generate the data 
necessary to ensure that the horseshoe crab stock remains on a 
sustainable path.
    Salmon Management.--Within the amounts provided for Salmon 
Management, $13,000,000 is available for the Pacific Salmon 
Treaty.
    Cooperative research.--The recommendation funds this 
activity at the enacted level. Cooperative research shall be 
used to support external, independent data collection and other 
research. The Committee expects that all funding provided shall 
be used for cooperative fisheries research and not for NOAA 
activities or administrative overhead costs. NOAA shall submit 
a report no later than 90 days after enactment of this Act 
listing all cooperative research grants funded in fiscal year 
2017, to include the amount, the fishery, the type of 
information collected, and the expected uses for that data. The 
Committee is concerned that cooperative research is not 
ingested into fishery stock assessments in a timely manner. The 
report shall address NOAA procedures and timeframes for making 
use of this independent fisheries research.
    Habitat Conservation and Restoration.--Within the amount 
provided, NOAA is encouraged to provide funding to implement 
the recommendations contained in the Endangered Species Act 
Recovery Plan for Elkhorn and Staghorn Corals.
    Oyster restoration.--The Committee encourages NOAA to 
continue to work with competitively selected external partners 
to research and assess alternative substrates for oyster 
restoration. NOAA shall consider survivability as part of the 
oyster restoration program planning in the Chesapeake Bay. The 
Committee includes not less than $1,000,000 within Habitat 
Conservation and Restoration to support native oyster 
restoration in the Chesapeake Bay.
    Partnerships.--The Committee encourages NOAA to continue 
partnering with States for monitoring fisheries harvest and 
research. NOAA's cooperative agreements with universities with 
expertise in marine sciences, fisheries research and management 
remain important to NOAA and Federal and State stock 
assessments.
    Tribal support.--The Committee encourages NOAA to support 
mitigation and relocation efforts of coastal tribal communities 
that are seeking to mitigate the threat of severe weather 
storms and promote public safety.
    Fishery Disaster Assistance.--The Committee recognizes the 
severe economic hardships faced by rural fishing-dependent 
communities affected by the closures of commercial, 
recreational and Tribal fisheries due to unforeseen disasters. 
Therefore, the Committee directs NOAA to work with affected 
communities where an affirmative disaster determination has 
been issued, but no funding has been distributed, to 
expeditiously identify the extent of the economic impacts of 
the economic damages associated with such disasters.
    Oceanic and Atmospheric Research.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $448,773,000 for Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Research (OAR) operations, research, and 
facilities. Given continued resource constraints, it is 
incumbent on NOAA to ensure that its research programs support 
the operational mission of each NOAA line office and that 
research efforts are an integral component in meeting line 
office program goals and milestones. The recommendation accepts 
the proposed reductions for Climate Research, and includes 
$13,500,000 for the National Integrated Drought Information 
System (NIDIS) to support competitive research grants, maintain 
existing NIDIS activities, and develop and expand the Regional 
Drought Early Warning Information System.

               OFFICE OF OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Climate Research
  Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.............         $57,657
  Regional Climate Data and Information...............          31,928
  Climate Competitive Research, Sustained Observations          38,415
   and Regional Information...........................
                                                       -----------------
Climate Research......................................         128,000
                                                       =================
Weather and Air Chemistry Research
  Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.............          83,500
  U.S. Weather Research Program.......................           7,485
  Tornado Severe Storm Research/Phased Array Radar....          12,622
  Joint Technology Transfer Initiative................          20,000
                                                       -----------------
Weather and Air Chemistry Research....................         123,607
                                                       =================
Ocean, Coastal and Great Lakes Research
  Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.............          28,059
  National Sea Grant College Program..................          63,000
  Marine Aquaculture Program..........................           7,000
  Ocean Exploration and Research......................          36,000
  Integrated Ocean Acidification......................          10,107
  Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring.........          41,000
                                                       -----------------
Ocean, Coastal and Great Lakes Research...............         185,166
                                                       =================
 
High Performance Computing Initiatives................          12,000
                                                       =================
Total, Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research,            $448,773
 Operations, Research, and Facilities.................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Weather and Air Chemistry Research.--The Committee includes 
$123,607,000, which is $9,849,000 above fiscal year 2017, for 
Weather and Air Chemistry Research, for the purposes authorized 
in the Weather Research Forecasting Innovation Act of 2017 
(Public Law 115-25).
    Joint Technology Transfer Initiative.--The recommendation 
includes $20,000,000 to expand the Joint Technology Transfer 
Initiative, as authorized in the Weather Research Forecasting 
Innovation Act of 2017.
    Severe weather studies.--The Southeastern United States 
commonly experiences devastating tornadoes under variables and 
conditions that differ considerably from conditions in other 
areas. The Committee commends progress made during the VORTEX-
SE observing campaigns towards understanding the development of 
severe storms and tornadoes in the Southeastern United States. 
Given the success of this research, the Committee does not 
adopt the proposal to terminate this project and continues to 
fund it at the enacted level. OAR shall ensure this program 
continues to be an observationally based research program 
focused on high-impact weather events, including tornadoes and 
land-falling hurricanes, that are experienced in the Gulf 
States; includes research to better understand land-falling 
hurricanes and tornadoes, and how environmental factors that 
are characteristic of the Southeastern United States affect the 
formation, intensity and storm path of tornadoes for this 
region.
    Cooperative Institutes.--The Committee is concerned that 
the Gulf of Mexico is vulnerable to high impact severe weather 
and encourages NOAA to, with the Cooperative Institutes, 
research the impacts of severe weather and severe weather 
system landfall on the land and coasts, particularly as it 
relates to tornados and severe flooding. To continue to fulfill 
NOAA's mission, NOAA should enhance its support of advanced 
monitoring and predictive modeling to explore deep water issues 
and their effect on the U.S. coastline. The Committee 
encourages NOAA to expand the role Cooperative Institutes play 
in fulfilling this role, and to consider how additional 
Cooperative Institutes, or consortia partners, could strengthen 
NOAA's ability to support this monitoring and modeling.
    Labs and Cooperative Institutes.--The Committee supports 
collaboration between NOAA and external academic institutions 
that conduct scientific research for the conservation of corals 
and coral reef ecosystems within U.S. waters. The Committee 
recognizes that the science sponsored through such 
collaboration is important for management of these coral reefs 
and for the effective implementation of the National Coral Reef 
Action Strategy, especially with regard to the identification 
of local action strategies for addressing key threats in each 
of the jurisdictions that have coral reefs within its 
boundaries.
    Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs).--The Committee 
encourages NOAA to work with universities and the Department of 
Defense to increase and leverage the capacity of AUVs. The 
Committee does not adopt the proposed termination of the AUV 
testbed and provides an additional $1,000,000 above the enacted 
level for this purpose.
    Ocean Exploration and Research.--The Committee recommends 
$36,000,000 for Ocean Exploration and Research, of which the 
Committee encourages NOAA to use $4,000,000 to partner with 
non-government organizations, academic institutions, and other 
government agencies including the National Science Foundation, 
to fund ocean-going ships of exploration and support associated 
science through peer-reviewed processes for ocean exploration 
in unknown regions.
    Integrated Ocean Acidification Research.--The Committee 
encourages NOAA, in coordination with the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, to implement a program to competitively 
award prizes under the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation 
Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3719) to stimulate innovation to advance 
the understanding, research, or monitoring of ocean 
acidification or its impacts or to develop management or 
adaptation options for responding to ocean acidification. In 
prize competitions, the Committee encourages NOAA to prioritize 
communities, environments, or industries that are currently in 
distress due to the impacts of ocean acidification.
    Lionfish.--The Committee encourages NOAA to award 
competitive grants to address lionfish in the Atlantic Ocean 
and Gulf of Mexico.
    National Weather Service (NWS).--The Committee recommends 
$973,000,000 for NWS operations, research, and facilities, 
which is $36,944,000 above the request, to maintain critical 
capabilities to provide weather forecasts and warnings.

                        NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Observations..........................................        $220,000
Central Processing....................................          86,000
Analyze, Forecast and Support.........................         486,000
Dissemination.........................................          50,000
Science and Technology Integration....................         131,000
                                                       =================
Total, National Weather Service, Operations, Research,        $973,000
 and Facilities.......................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Observations.--The recommendation includes $220,000,000 for 
observation activities. The Committee does not adopt the 
proposed reduction for the Tsunami Warning Centers, the Mesonet 
program, or the Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis 
(DART) buoys.
    NEXRAD Coverage Report.--The Committee looks forward to 
receiving the findings of the NEXRAD gap study, and subsequent 
improvement plan, as required by the Committee in fiscal year 
2017 and by the Weather Research and Forecasting Innovation Act 
of 2017.
    Analyze, Forecast, and Support.--The recommendation 
includes $486,000,000 for analyze, forecast, and support 
activities. The analyze, forecast, and support program funds 
the operation of the Weather Forecast Offices, River Forecast 
Centers, the National Centers and the two Tsunami Warning 
Centers. The recommended level will support 24  7 
weather surveillance, forecast and warning services, and 
operation of the service centers. The Committee does not adopt 
the proposed reduction of the Tsunami Warning Program.
    Science and Technology Integration.--The recommendation 
includes $131,000,000 for Science and Technology Integration 
activities. The Committee does not accept the proposed 
decreases for mid-range weather outlooks and numerical weather 
prediction modeling.
    National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information 
Service (NESDIS).--The Committee recommends $236,749,000 for 
NESDIS operations, research, and facilities. The recommendation 
does not accept the proposed reduction to the regional centers.

     NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE, DATA AND INFORMATION SERVICE
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Environmental Satellite Observing Systems
  Satellite and Product Operations....................        $131,480
  NSOF operations.....................................          14,250
                                                       -----------------
Office of Satellite and Product Operations............         145,730
                                                       =================
Product Development, Readiness and Application........          31,000
                                                       =================
  Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs........           1,800
  Office of Space Commerce............................           1,200
  Group on Earth Observations.........................             500
                                                       -----------------
Environmental Satellite Observing Systems.............         180,230
                                                       =================
National Centers for Environmental Information........          56,519
                                                       =================
Total, National Environmental Satellite, Data and             $236,749
 Information Service, Operations, Research, and
 Facilities...........................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Office of Satellite and Product Operations.--The 
recommendation includes $145,730,000 for the Office of 
Satellite and Product Operations. This activity funds the 
command and control of NOAA's operational satellites. This 
recommendation includes the proposed operational phase 
transfers for DSCOVR and Jason-3.
    Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs (CRSRA).--The 
Committee expects timely compliance with Title II of the U.S. 
Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act, Public Law 114-90, 
as well as adherence to timeframes currently required under 
statute and regulation. Additionally, the Committee expects 
CRSRA to fulfill the policy goal of the 2003 U.S. Commercial 
Remote Sensing Policy of maintaining the nation's leadership in 
remote sensing space activities, by sustaining and enhancing 
the U.S. remote sensing industry.
    Mission Support.--The recommendation includes $227,660,000 
for Mission Support operations, research, and facilities.

                             MISSION SUPPORT
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mission Support
  Executive Leadership................................         $27,000
  Mission Services and Management.....................         117,605
  IT Security.........................................          10,050
  Payment to DOC Working Capital Fund.................          53,824
                                                       -----------------
Mission Support.......................................         208,479
                                                       =================
Office of Education
  BWET Regional Programs..............................           3,750
  Education Partnership Program/Minority Serving                14,431
   Institutions.......................................
  NOAA Education Program Base.........................           1,000
                                                       -----------------
Office of Education...................................          19,181
                                                       =================
Total, Mission Support, Operations, Research and              $227,660
 Facilities...........................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Management and administrative costs.--The Committee notes 
that in addition to Mission Services, each line office also 
includes its own ``headquarters program support'' costs. NOAA 
shall continue efforts to standardize the treatment of 
management and administrative costs in each line office in a 
manner that maximizes transparency and accountability, and 
reduces or eliminates unnecessary non-mission costs.
    Office of Education.--The Committee includes $19,181,000 
for NOAA's Office of Education. Of this amount, $14,431,000 is 
provided to continue the Educational Partnership Program with 
Minority Serving Institutions, and $3,750,000 is provided to 
continue the Bay-Watershed Education and Training (B-WET) 
regional programs. Within the amounts provided for the 
Education Program Base, $1,000,000 shall support all levels of 
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) 
education engaging a diverse set of students in ocean-going 
expeditions with live interactive programming and telepresence 
technology.
    Office of Marine and Aviation Operations.--The 
recommendation includes $214,846,000 for the Office of Marine 
and Aviation Operations, operations, research and facilities.

                OFFICE OF MARINE AND AVIATION OPERATIONS
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
  Marine Operations and Maintenance...................        $180,614
  Aviation Operations and Aircraft Services...........          34,232
                                                       =================
Total, Office of Marine and Aviation Operations.......        $214,846
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Unmanned Surface Vehicles.-- The Committee supports the 
cross-NOAA pilots and evaluations of the operational value of 
unmanned surface vehicles to augment the NOAA observational 
suite. The Committee provides $2,000,000 for NOAA to assess the 
feasibility of operationalizing this technology through 
competitive awards, and requires a report on the execution of 
this feasibility and pilot study program not later than 180 
days after the enactment of this Act.

               Procurement, Acquisition and Construction


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$1,656,110,000 in direct obligations under this heading, of 
which $1,643,110,000 is appropriated from the general fund and 
$13,000,000 is derived from recoveries of prior year 
obligations.
    The following narrative descriptions and tables identify 
the specific activities and funding levels included in this 
Act.

                PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION AND CONSTRUCTION
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Ocean Service
  National Estuarine Research Reserve Construction....          $1,700
  Marine Sanctuaries Construction.....................           2,000
                                                       -----------------
Total, National Ocean Service--PAC....................           3,700
                                                       =================
Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research
    Research Supercomputing/CCRI......................          26,000
                                                       =================
National Weather Service
    Observations......................................          32,953
    Central Processing................................          66,761
    Dissemination.....................................          34,619
                                                       -----------------
  Subtotal, National Weather Service, Systems                  134,333
   Acquisition........................................
                                                       -----------------
    Weather Forecast Office Construction..............           8,650
                                                       -----------------
Total, National Weather Service--PAC..................         142,983
                                                       =================
National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information
 Service
    GOES-R............................................         518,532
    Space Weather Follow-on...........................           8,545
    Polar Follow-on...................................          50,000
    Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS)...............         775,777
    CDARS.............................................             500
    COSMIC 2/GNSS RO..................................           6,100
    Satellite Ground Services.........................          57,325
    System Architecture and Advanced Planning.........           4,929
    Projects, Planning, and Analysis..................          39,391
    Commercial Weather Data Pilot.....................           6,000
                                                       -----------------
  Subtotal, NESDIS Systems Acquisition................       1,467,099
                                                       -----------------
    Satellite CDA Facility............................           2,450
                                                       -----------------
Total, NESDIS-PAC.....................................       1,469,549
                                                       =================
Mission Support
  NOAA Construction...................................           1,000
                                                       =================
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
  Fleet Capital Improvements and Technology Infusion..          12,878
                                                       =================
Total, OMAO-PAC.......................................          12,878
                                                       =================
Total, Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction.....      $1,656,110
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    National Weather Service (NWS).--The recommendation 
includes $142,983,000 for NWS procurement, acquisitions and 
construction, $20,983,000 above the request. The funding 
provided above the request supports the original Automated 
Surface Observing System (ASOS) Service Life Extension Project 
(SLEP) timeline, to be completed by 2024, and the original 
NEXRAD SLEP timeline, to be completed by 2022.
    NWS Facilities.--The recommendation includes $8,650,000, as 
requested, to construct and provide for major repairs to 
Forecast Offices and other government-owned weather facilities, 
including Weather Forecast Offices, River Forecast Centers, 
Weather Service Offices, National Centers and Tsunami Warning 
Centers.
    National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information 
Service.--The recommendation includes $1,469,549,000 for NESDIS 
procurement, acquisition and construction. The Committee 
recommendation continues to focus its limited resources on the 
Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) and Geostationary 
Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) programs, in light 
of their role in ensuring accurate and timely weather forecasts 
and warnings.
    Quarterly Reports.--The Committee continues to be concerned 
with the challenges with NOAA's satellite programs, identified 
by the GAO, OIG, and the NESDIS Independent Review Team (IRT). 
The Committee expects the Department of Commerce to ensure that 
these critical programs are proceeding within the cost 
estimates and meeting program milestones. The Committee expects 
to be notified promptly if any issues arise that could 
jeopardize the current launch schedules. The Department of 
Commerce and NOAA shall remain engaged in the overall 
management of JPSS, Polar Follow-On, and GOES. NOAA shall 
continue to provide quarterly briefings to the Committee on all 
NOAA satellite programs. These briefings shall include the 
status of obligations for each program, including spacecraft, 
launch, sensor, integration, and ground components, and 
proposed changes to the fly out charts. NOAA shall also include 
in these briefings updates on all of its operational satellite 
systems.
    Oversight.--The Committee reiterates its desire to ensure 
that OIG and GAO staff are permitted at NOAA's monthly 
satellites meetings. To further aid the Committee in its 
oversight function, NOAA shall include biannual updates to the 
Committee regarding the status of implementing OIG, GAO, and 
IRT recommendations for NOAA's satellite programs.
    Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS).--The recommendation 
includes $775,777,000 for JPSS, the requested amount.
    Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-
R).--The recommendation includes $518,532,000 for the GOES-R 
program, as requested. The Committee commends NOAA on the 
successful launch of GOES-16 in November of 2016, which is 
already providing crisper, cleaner imagery five times faster 
than the previous GOES satellites, and will improve tornado 
warning lead times.
    Space Weather Follow-On.--The Committee notes the necessity 
of having the Federal government develop and implement a 
coherent space weather architecture and directs NOAA, in 
cooperation with other Federal agencies, to refine the Space 
Weather Follow-On concept and develop mission requirements for 
a cost-effective capable space system.
    Commercial satellite weather data.--The Committee is 
pleased that NOAA proposes to continue the Commercial Weather 
Data Pilot. The Committee provides $6,000,000 to ensure NOAA 
has the resources necessary to thoroughly assess commercial 
data opportunities. NOAA shall publish acceptance standards and 
verification procedures for commercial data as soon as 
practicable in each procurement process.
    Polar Follow-On (PFO).--The request proposes a dramatic and 
incipient re-plan of this program. Yet the request fails to 
assess the purported new mission design's impacts on 
constellation availability, or to provide an updated gap 
analysis, or new annual or lifecycle cost estimates. In the 
absence of these assessments and estimates, the Committee 
recommends $50,000,000 for the Polar Follow-On program. The 
Committee will reassess this funding level, should NOAA provide 
a new program plan and schedule, to include constellation 
availability assessments, gap analysis and updated annual and 
lifecycle cost estimates.

                    PACIFIC COASTAL SALMON RECOVERY

    The Committee recommends $65,000,000 for Pacific Coastal 
Salmon Recovery, which is the same as fiscal year 2017. In 
addition, the accompanying bill includes language that requires 
all funds to be allocated based on scientific and merit 
principles and prohibits the availability of funds for 
marketing activities. Bill language is included requiring a 33 
percent match for States.

                      FISHERMEN'S CONTINGENCY FUND

    The Committee recommends $350,000 for the Fishermen's 
Contingency Fund, which is the same as fiscal year 2017. This 
Fund is available to compensate U.S. commercial fishermen for 
damage or loss caused by obstructions related to oil and gas 
exploration, and is derived from fees collected by the 
Secretary of the Interior.

                     FISHERIES DISASTER ASSISTANCE

    The bill provides $20,000,000 for Fisheries Disaster 
Assistance to address fisheries disasters declared by the 
Secretary of Commerce in 2017. This is $20,000,000 above both 
the requested and the enacted level.

                   FISHERIES FINANCE PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The Committee recommends language under this heading 
limiting obligations of direct loans to $24,000,000 for 
Individual Fishing Quota loans and $100,000,000 for traditional 
direct loans.

                        Departmental Management


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $58,000,000 for Departmental 
Management, and within this amount supports the proposed 
increase for the Investigations and Threats Management 
Division.
    Cybersecurity.--The Secretary is directed to submit 
quarterly reports to the Committee on the Department's 
activities to improve its cybersecurity including updates on 
addressing the Inspector General's cybersecurity concerns.
    Modernizing Economic Statistics in Puerto Rico.--The 
Committee urges the Department to continue its efforts to help 
the government of Puerto Rico to modernize its economic 
statistics programs, and directs the Department, through the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), to initiate efforts to 
calculate gross domestic product (GDP) for Puerto Rico, just as 
BEA currently does for every other U.S. jurisdiction. The 
Committee additionally urges the Department to work toward the 
inclusion of all U.S. territories--alongside the 50 states and 
the District of Columbia--in BEA's national-level GDP 
estimates, which will require the territory-level GDP data to 
meet all of BEA's quality standards. The Department shall 
report to the Committee on these efforts--both of which were 
recommended by the Congressional Task Force on Economic Growth 
in Puerto Rico--within 90 days of enactment of this Act.
    Interstate Commerce.--The Committee has heard concerns 
about the Electronic Export Information (EEI) requirement 
located in 15 CFR Part 30, which mandates reporting for certain 
goods shipped between the States and Puerto Rico and the U.S. 
Virgin Islands. The Committee urges the Department to work in 
coordination with the governments of Puerto Rico and the U.S. 
Virgin Islands, as well as other Federal agencies and 
stakeholders, to identify alternative data sources that provide 
equivalent statistics on the shipments of goods among the 
territories and the States to achieve the same statistical 
objectives, while reducing the impact on commerce.

                      RENOVATION AND MODERNIZATION

    The recommendation includes $1,000,000 for the Department's 
cost of the Herbert C. Hoover Building renovation and 
modernization which is $3,000,000 below fiscal year 2017 and 
equal to the request.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $32,744,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), which is equal to fiscal year 2017 and 
$744,000 above the request. The recommendation also includes 
transfers of $2,580,000 from the Census Bureau, $1,302,000 from 
NOAA, and $2,000,000 from PTO for OIG oversight of those 
activities.
    The Committee expects the OIG to continue its oversight 
work on cybersecurity, satellite procurements, telework, patent 
quality, and the decennial census.

               General Provisions--Department of Commerce


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the Department of Commerce:
    Section 101 makes funds available for advanced payments 
only upon certification of officials designated by the 
Secretary that such payments are considered to be in the public 
interest.
    Section 102 makes appropriations for the Department 
available for hire of passenger motor vehicles, for services, 
and for uniforms and allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 103 provides the authority to transfer funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriation accounts and 
requires notification to the Committee of certain actions. The 
Committee expects notifications for all capital asset disposals 
with an initial purchase price greater than $2,000,000.
    Section 104 extends congressional notification requirements 
for NOAA satellite programs.
    Section 105 provides for reimbursement for services within 
Department of Commerce buildings.
    Section 106 clarifies that grant recipients under the 
Department of Commerce may continue to deter child pornography, 
copyright infringement, or any other unlawful activity over 
their networks.
    Section 107 provides the NOAA Administrator with the 
authority to avail NOAA of needed resources, with the consent 
of those supplying the resources, to carry out responsibilities 
of any statute administered by NOAA.
    Section 108 prohibits the National Technical Information 
Service from charging for certain activities.
    Section 109 authorizes NOAA to receive payments from other 
entities to defray some costs of permitting and regulatory 
activities.

                                TITLE II


                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE


                         General Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $89,000,000 for Department of 
Justice, General Administration, Salaries and Expenses, which 
is $25,124,000 below fiscal year 2017 and $25,000,000 below the 
request.
    Combatting the Opioid and Heroin Epidemic.--The Department 
must give priority to stopping, investigating and detaining the 
criminals who profit from human misery caused by the epidemic 
in opioid and heroin abuse. This includes doctors who knowingly 
overprescribe, as well as manufacturers and distributors whose 
negligence or criminality contributes to this scourge. The bill 
fully funds grants at the authorized level under the 
Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016. The bill also 
fully funds requested increases for Federal law enforcement to 
address opioid trafficking including increases for Drug 
Enforcement Administration operations and their diversion 
control program, Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Task 
Forces to dismantle international drug cartels, and U.S. 
Attorneys to focus additional resources on opioids trafficking 
prosecutions.
    Spending plans and status of balances.--The Committee 
directs the Department to include with future congressional 
budgets a breakout of alternative, non-appropriated funding 
sources, as directed in the fiscal year 2017 Appropriations 
Act, by prior, current and budget years; for, respectively, 
actual, estimated, and requested amounts assumed in the 
proposed budget; and identifying funding by agency, purpose, 
and source of funding. In addition, annual spending plans 
required pursuant to section 532 shall include the details on 
non-appropriated funds as specified in the fiscal year 2017 
Appropriations Act.
    Gunshot detection technology.--The Committee is aware of 
developments in gunshot detection technology and surveillance, 
and encourages Federal law enforcement agencies and the Office 
of Justice Programs to work with State and local agencies to 
collect and analyze data from such systems to address gun 
crimes.
    Cyber-stalking and threat crimes.--The Committee is aware 
of concerns regarding increased instances of severe harassment, 
stalking, and threats transmitted in interstate commerce in 
violation of Federal law. Such targeted attacks against 
Internet users, particularly women, have resulted in the 
release of personal information, forced individuals to flee 
their homes, had a chilling effect on free expression, and 
limited access to economic opportunity. The Committee strongly 
urges the Department to intensify its efforts to combat this 
destructive abuse and expects to see increased investigation 
and prosecution of these crimes, and directs it to report 
within 180 days of enactment on specific steps it is taking to 
track, investigate, prosecute and ultimately reduce the 
incidence of such crime, to include an analysis of the role of 
the interstate telecommunications system in cybercrimes against 
individuals.
    Conferences.--The Committee understands that OMB Memorandum 
M-12-12 called for agencies to reduce travel expenses 30 
percent compared to the fiscal year 2010 level, and limit 
conference spending. The Committee expects the Department to 
minimize conferences and limit conference expenses to those 
necessary to carry out the mission of the Department. The 
Committee expects the Department to make conference location 
decisions based on transparency, accountability and best value 
in the use of appropriated funds.
    Female genital mutilation.--The Committee expects the 
Department to implement provisions of section 1088 of Public 
Law 112-239, regarding female genital mutilation, and directs 
it to report no later than 90 days after enactment of this Act 
on the status of such implementation and resulting enforcement 
actions.
    Trafficking and transport of children.--The Committee 
directs the Attorney General to ensure that all task forces and 
working groups within the Innocence Lost National Initiative 
take actions to enhance capabilities of State and local law 
enforcement officers to detect, investigate and prosecute those 
who patronize or solicit children for sex; and that all 
Initiative-funded task forces and Department agencies increase 
efforts to deter and punish child labor trafficking.
    Identity theft.--The Committee remains concerned about the 
adverse effects of identity theft and related crimes on 
individuals, families, communities and our national economy, 
and is concerned about the level of the Department's focus on 
these crimes. The Committee therefore directs the Department to 
undertake as soon as possible the strategic review on identity 
theft and fraud, conducted in cooperation with the Federal 
Trade Commission (FTC), as directed by the fiscal year 2017 
Appropriations Act. In addition, the Committee directs the 
Department, with the FTC, to compile a comprehensive, updated 
report on identity theft and fraud issues, including the 
threats prevalent today, and submit that report at the time it 
submits its fiscal year 2019 budget request. The report should 
also include information on the status of prosecutions, 
hindrances to prosecuting cases, and any other relevant 
information related to Internal Revenue Service impersonation 
scams.
    Third-party settlement payments.--The Committee understands 
a multi-year congressional investigation revealed that in some 
cases the former Administration required settling defendants to 
donate money to third-party advocacy or activist groups. These 
payments occur entirely outside of the congressional 
appropriations and oversight process. Accordingly, section 540 
prohibits the Department from entering into a civil settlement 
agreement in which a defendant is required to make a donation 
to a third-party that is not a victim of the defendant's 
alleged unlawful activity. For the purposes of section 540, the 
term ``donation'' shall not be construed to prohibit any 
payment by a party to provide restitution for or otherwise 
remedy the actual harm, directly and proximately caused by the 
alleged conduct of the party, which is the basis for the 
agreement. The prohibition does not bar payments, upon invoice, 
to an organization or individual for services rendered to 
redress, mitigate or otherwise remediate the actual harm 
directly and proximately caused by a defendant's allegedly 
unlawful conduct. The Committee applauds the policy change set 
forth in the Attorney General's June 5, 2017 memorandum, 
``Prohibition on Settlement Payments to Third Parties''.
    Sole sourcing of equipment and scientific instruments.--The 
Committee urges the Department to employ full and open 
competition in any procurement or upgrade of law enforcement 
equipment, to include scientific instruments and specialized 
communication equipment.
    Operation Choke Point.--The previous Administration's 
Operation Choke Point was the subject of investigations by the 
House Committees on the Judiciary, Financial Services, and 
Oversight and Government Reform. The Committee understands and 
appreciates that the current Administration has no plans to 
continue Operation Choke Point. The Committee supports this 
decision and encourages the Department to work with relevant 
Federal regulators to issue a clear and public statement 
regarding current policy on issues surrounding Operation Choke 
Point.

                 JUSTICE INFORMATION SHARING TECHNOLOGY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $30,941,000 for Justice 
Information Sharing Technology, which is $59,000 below fiscal 
year 2017 and the same as the request. The Committee supports 
the Department's efforts to enhance its cybersecurity, and has 
therefore continued to include bill language providing the 
Department discretion and flexibility to transfer available 
Departmental funds to meet needs for IT transformation and 
cybersecurity, subject to the reprogramming procedures included 
in this Act.

                EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $504,500,000 for the Executive 
Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), of which $4,000,000 is 
from immigration examination fees. The recommendation is 
$64,500,000 above fiscal year 2017 and $4,093,000 above the 
request. The recommendation will support a total of 449 
Immigration Judge (IJ) teams, 65 more than funded in fiscal 
year 2017, which provided for 10 additional IJ teams. Funding 
is provided above the request to annualize costs associated 
with the new teams funded in fiscal year 2017 and continue 
enhancements provided in fiscal year 2017 for information 
technology and facilities. The recommendation sustains the 
current legal orientation program and related assistance, such 
as the information desk pilot. The recommendation does not 
include any funding to establish or fund a legal representation 
program.
    EOIR performance.--For several years, the Committee has 
been concerned with the slow pace of hiring and onboarding 
Immigration Judges and the unacceptable amount of time it takes 
to resolve immigration cases. The Committee understands that 
the Department is working to accelerate the hiring process and 
is deploying additional resources to those areas with the 
highest workload such as the Southwest Border. The Committee 
directs this continue and that the Department coordinate with 
the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to develop metrics, 
practices, and pilot programs to institute rapid court 
proceedings at holding facilities along the Southwest Border 
where individuals are detained for immigration violations to 
ensure their court appearance. The Committee continues its 
direction from fiscal year 2017 that the Department should 
establish a goal that the median days pending of detained cases 
be no longer than 60 days and the median length for non-
detained cases be no longer than 365 days. The Committee 
directs EOIR to continue to provide monthly reports on 
performance, IJ hiring and visa overstays as specified in the 
fiscal year 2017 Appropriations Act.
    Bond-setting process.--In fiscal year 2017, the Committee 
required EOIR to report how immigration judges use ability to 
pay criteria in determining the amounts of bonds, and the 
process for appealing such bond decisions. The Committee looks 
forward to the timely submission of this report to better 
understand the policy and practices of immigration courts in 
setting detainee bonds.
    Court space.--The Committee continues to be concerned that 
EOIR is not using all available EOIR or DHS space. The 
Committee looks forward to the timely submission of the report 
required by the fiscal year 2017 Appropriations Act outlining 
the utilization of existing EOIR and DHS space and its plans to 
secure additional space to accommodate additional IJ teams and 
the assignment of IJ teams to the locations with the most 
caseload.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $95,583,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), which is the same as fiscal year 2017 
and $255,000 above the request.
    Profiling.--The Committee continues to hear concerns that 
Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders have been profiled by 
Department of Justice investigators and prosecutors on the 
basis of race and national origin, including in espionage and 
trade secret cases. The Committee expects OIG to assess whether 
there exists a pattern or practice of using race, national 
origin, and other civil rights classifications to target 
Federal employees and other Americans; report on any 
allegations of civil rights or civil liberties violations 
committed by Department employees in its semiannual reports to 
Congress as required by Section 1001 of the USA PATRIOT Act 
(Public Law 107-56); and if such patterns or practices are 
found to exist, to describe steps the Department has taken to 
address them.
    Controlled substances.--The Committee directs OIG to report 
not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act on the 
implementation of GAO recommendations from its May 2015 report, 
Controlled Substances: DEA Needs to Better Manage Its Quota 
Process and Improve Coordination with FDA (GAO-15-494T); 
specifically the recommendations to: establish controls, 
including periodic data checks, to ensure that the Year-End 
Reporting and Quota Management System (YERS/QMS) data 
accurately reflect both manufacturers' quota submissions and 
DEA's decisions; establish performance measures related to 
quotas; and establish better ways to monitor and analyze YERS/
QMS data to assess DEA's administration of the quota process.

                    United States Parole Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $13,000,000 for the United States 
Parole Commission.

                            Legal Activities


            SALARIES AND EXPENSES, GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $897,500,000 for General Legal 
Activities, which is the same as fiscal year 2017. The 
Committee supports the important work of INTERPOL Washington.
    Human trafficking.--The Civil Rights Division shall 
prioritize funding for the Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit 
and the Department's Anti-Trafficking Coordination Teams to 
investigate and prosecute human traffickers. The Committee 
directs the Department to work with victim service providers 
and non-governmental organizations assisting trafficking 
victims in the United States.
    Deinstitutionalization.--The Committee notes the nationwide 
trends towards deinstitutionalization of patients with 
intellectual or developmental disabilities in favor of 
community-based settings. The Committee also notes that in 
Olmstead v. L.C. (1999), a majority of the Supreme Court held 
that the Americans with Disabilities Act does not condone or 
require removing individuals from institutional settings when 
they are unable to handle or benefit from a community-based 
setting, and that Federal law does not require the imposition 
of community-based treatment on patients who do not desire it. 
The Committee notes that the Department of Health and Human 
Services Appropriations Act, 2017 requires notification of 
affected individuals of their legal rights in this regard.
    Civil Rights Division, Voting Section.--The Committee looks 
forward to receiving the report required in the fiscal year 
2017 appropriations Act about Section 203 cases investigated in 
fiscal year 2017. When the fiscal year 2019 budget request is 
submitted, the Department of Justice shall submit to the 
Committee the following information about section 203 cases 
investigated in fiscal year 2018, including: the number of 
cases, broken out by languages included; the number of such 
investigations opened and the number closed, by reason closed 
(e.g. not enough evidence of non-compliance; no evidence of 
non-compliance); the average number of investigations per 
attorney and the average length per investigation.

                 VACCINE INJURY COMPENSATION TRUST FUND

    The recommendation includes $10,000,000 as a reimbursement 
from the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund for costs of 
litigating cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury 
Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-660).

               SALARIES AND EXPENSES, ANTITRUST DIVISION

    The Committee recommends $163,980,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Antitrust Division. The recommended funding 
level is offset by $126,000,000 in estimated fee collections 
for a net direct appropriation of $37,980,000.

             SALARIES AND EXPENSES, UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS

    The Committee recommends $2,057,252,000 for the Executive 
Office for United States Attorneys and the 94 United States 
Attorneys' offices, which is $22,252,000 above fiscal year 2017 
and the same as the request. Within this amount the Department 
is expected to support enhanced efforts to address drug 
trafficking, cybercrime and human trafficking. The Committee 
recommendation includes $1,527,297,000 for criminal litigation; 
$503,388,000 for civil litigation; and $26,567,000 for legal 
education. The recommendation fully funds the requested 
enhancements for immigration enforcement, and for additional 
prosecutors to target violent crime and gang activity.
    Human trafficking.--The recommendation continues bill 
language requiring that each U.S. Attorney participate in human 
trafficking task forces, and the Department shall continue to 
submit semiannual reports on the performance of these task 
forces.
    Prosecuting immigration crime.--The Committee welcomes the 
Department's adoption of a strong immigration criminal 
enforcement policy, as set forth in the Attorney General's 
April 11, 2017, memorandum to Federal prosecutors. Such 
measures are essential to deter illegal entry, in particular by 
forcefully sanctioning the criminal activity associated with 
illegal immigration, alien smuggling and trafficking. The 
Committee looks forward to seeing real results from this 
approach, and therefore directs the Department to report not 
later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act on 
(1) prosecuting statistics, by District, to include the number 
and type of charging actions being used, as well as associated 
sentences imposed; and (2) the status of designating Border 
Security Coordinators and the impact Coordinators are having.
    Prescription drug abuse.--The growing, nationwide crisis of 
prescription drug abuse has led to rising fatalities, and 
addressing this issue remains a core Federal law enforcement 
mission. The Committee expects U.S. Attorneys to prioritize 
investigating and prosecuting criminals who profit from 
trafficking, to include pain clinics that serve as fronts for 
the illegal distribution of addictive painkillers and doctors 
who intentionally overprescribe them.
    Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) enforcement.--The 
Committee expects the Department to continue to make IPR 
enforcement an investigative and prosecutorial priority for 
Federal prosecutors, to include thwarting a new wave of digital 
copyright piracy.
    Trafficking and money laundering enforcement.--The 
Committee expects the Department to continue to make drug 
trafficking and money laundering enforcement an investigative 
and prosecutorial priority for Federal prosecutors.

                   UNITED STATES TRUSTEE SYSTEM FUND

    The Committee recommends $225,000,000 for the United States 
Trustee Program. The recommended funding is offset by 
$135,000,000 in estimated fee collections for a net direct 
appropriation of $90,000,000.

      SALARIES AND EXPENSES, FOREIGN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT COMMISSION

    The Committee recommends $2,374,000 for the Foreign Claims 
Settlement Commission, which is equal to the current level and 
$35,000 below the request.

                     FEES AND EXPENSES OF WITNESSES

    The Committee recommends $270,000,000, which is the same as 
fiscal year 2017 and the request, for fees and expenses of 
witnesses who appear on behalf of the Government in cases in 
which the United States is a party. This appropriation is 
considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes.

           SALARIES AND EXPENSES, COMMUNITY RELATIONS SERVICE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee funds the Community Relations Service at 
$15,000,000. The recommendation supports funding for the Emmett 
Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crime Act.

                         ASSETS FORFEITURE FUND

    The Committee recommends $20,514,000 for expenses 
authorized by subparagraphs (B), (F), and (G) of section 
524(c)(1) of title 28, United States Code. This amount is same 
as the fiscal year 2017 and $961,000 below the budget request.
    Section 523 rescinds $304,000,000 from the Assets 
Forfeiture Fund (Fund), as proposed in the budget request. The 
Department reports that Fund balances will be sufficient to 
allow the Department to rescind $304,000,000 with no delays in 
equitable sharing payments. The Committee directs the 
Department to refrain from suspending or delaying equitable 
sharing payments in fiscal year 2018.
    Section 532 of the bill requires the Department to submit a 
spending plan for fiscal year 2018. The Committee directs the 
Department to include in this plan proposed spending from the 
Fund, to include estimates of: fund balances; equitable sharing 
payments; Joint Law Enforcement Operations obligations; and 
obligations by component.

                     United States Marshals Service


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $1,255,000,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the United States Marshals Service (USMS), 
which is $5,960,000 above fiscal year 2017 and $3,000,000 above 
the request. The recommendation fully funds the proposed 
enhancements for life and safety equipment for Deputy U.S. 
Marshals, additional Deputy U.S. Marshals to support enhanced 
border security and immigration enforcement, and to support the 
violent crime and gang initiatives. The Committee expects the 
USMS to continue and strengthen its fugitive apprehension 
support aircraft program.
    In addition, within recommended funding the Committee 
sustains $7,900,000 for the USMS to vet and provide 
notification of sex offenders traveling abroad, to include not 
less than $2,000,000 for the USMS Targeting Center to provide a 
network for States to furnish the Center comprehensive data on 
all registered sex offenders, address information gaps 
exploited by sex offenders traveling internationally, and 
afford local law enforcement officials real-time coordination 
to monitor sex offenders.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Judicial and Courthouse Security......................      $428,990,000
Fugitive Apprehension.................................       482,423,000
Prisoner Security and Transportation..................       232,121,000
Protection of Witnesses...............................        55,539,000
Tactical Operations...................................        55,927,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Salaries and Expenses......................    $1,255,000,000
 

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $10,000,000, which is the same as 
fiscal year 2017, for construction and related expenses in 
space controlled, occupied or used by USMS for prisoner holding 
and related support.

                       FEDERAL PRISONER DETENTION

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $1,536,000,000 for Federal 
Prisoner Detention, which is $81,586,000 above fiscal year 2017 
and the same as the request. The increase in funding is 
required to ensure the USMS can fully support anticipated 
housing, medical, and transportation cost increases of the USMS 
detainee population. With increased resources being dedicated 
to immigration violations and violent crimes, the detainee 
population is anticipated to increase.

                       National Security Division


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $100,000,000 for the National 
Security Division (NSD), which is $4,000,000 above fiscal year 
2017. This amount will help NSD address its growing national 
security and counterterrorism workload, including its Foreign 
Intelligence Surveillance Act responsibilities.

                      Interagency Law Enforcement


                 INTERAGENCY CRIME AND DRUG ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee recommends $526,000,000 for Interagency Crime 
and Drug Enforcement, which is $9,000,000 above fiscal year 
2017 and the same as the request. Funds are included under this 
heading to support interagency Organized Crime Drug Enforcement 
Task Forces (OCDETF), which target high-level drug trafficking 
organizations through coordinated, multi-jurisdictional 
investigations.
    Decision unit subtotals.--The recommendation includes 
$364,685,000 for investigations and $161,315,000 for 
prosecutions. The Committee expects OCDETF to enhance its 
investigative, intelligence and prosecutorial efforts through 
OCDETF-led activities, including the OCDETF Fusion Center, 
OCDETF Co-located Strike Forces and the International Organized 
Crime Intelligence and Operations Center, and direct 
collaboration with State and local law enforcement, United 
States Attorneys' offices and the Criminal Division. The 
Committee expects OCDETF to focus additional resources on 
combatting opioid trafficking organizations.
    Full-Time Equivalents (FTE).--The Committee directs the 
Department to submit with its fiscal year 2019 budget request 
an updated report on FTE devoted to OCDETF cases at the level 
of detail provided in its September 9, 2015, report to the 
Committee. The report should include actual and projected 
investigative and prosecutorial FTE devoted to OCDETF cases for 
fiscal years 2017-2019, broken out by agency and funding 
source.

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $8,814,747,000 for the salaries 
and expenses account of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
(FBI), which is $47,546,000 above fiscal year 2017 and 
$92,165,000 above the request. The increase reflects funding 
necessary to carry out FBI's critical missions to counter 
terrorism, protect national security, and meet cyber threats. 
These include supporting work on the Next Generation Cyber 
program, IT Infrastructure, training and new technology 
challenges; confronting threats from foreign intelligence and 
insiders; addressing capacity constraints in data sharing that 
have impacts on the FBI's ability to timely share vast 
quantities of forensic and other data; helping the FBI stop 
computer intrusions, investigate cybercrime, and improve 
cybersecurity; and ensuring it can carry out its render safe 
mission.
    The Committee recommendation is also intended to help 
ensure the FBI can meet the growing challenge from both home-
grown and ``foreign fighters'' and sustain growing workload for 
field operations, to include the need for physical 
surveillance. The Committee recommendation includes funding to 
enhance operational and information technology resources to 
address transnational organized crime.
    Finally, the recommendation supports the programs of the 
Criminal Justice Information Services Division, including but 
not limited to the Biometric Technology Center, Next Generation 
Identification, the National Crime Information Center, and the 
National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
    The Committee directs the FBI to allocate its agent and 
support staff based on unique threats and workload of each of 
the FBI's field offices to ensure that resources are 
effectively deployed to address the agency's highest 
priorities.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Intelligence..........................................    $1,699,000,000
Counterintelligence and National Security.............     3,565,000,000
Criminal Enterprise and Federal Crimes................     3,019,000,000
Criminal Justice Services.............................       531,747,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Salaries and Expenses......................    $8,814,747,000
 

    Human trafficking investigations.--The additional resources 
in the bill will help the FBI combat sex trafficking and forced 
labor, to include boosting criminal investigations and working 
with victims of such crimes. The Committee supports FBI 
engagement with victim service providers on victim referrals 
and assistance, and with the Department of Homeland Security; 
improvements in FBI agent training in the identification of 
human trafficking; and the use of evidence-based approaches to 
improve human trafficking victim services and outcomes. The 
Committee strongly supports FBI leadership in its Innocence 
Lost initiative, to include Operation Cross Country, which has 
helped recover underage trafficking victims and led to hundreds 
of trafficker arrests. The Committee expects the FBI to 
identify potential victims of human sex trafficking and forced 
labor early in any FBI or FBI-led investigations, to provide 
informational materials and victim assistance referral as 
quickly as possible, and to improve its use of forensic 
interviews of victims. The FBI shall submit as soon as possible 
the report on Operation Cross Country required by the fiscal 
year 2017 Appropriations Act.
    Aviation modernization.--The Committee directs the FBI to 
provide as soon as possible the briefing on its aviation 
modernization program required by the fiscal year 2017 
Appropriations Act.
    Integrated medical support for tactical operations.--The 
Committee understands that FBI tactical teams operating under 
the Critical Incident Response Group need to follow best 
practices for medical care, evacuation, training and 
contingency planning. The Committee directs the FBI to report 
not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act on whether 
it might benefit from possible collaboration with public 
academic medical centers. This report should also address ways 
in which such potential collaboration could both enhance FBI 
operations and develop best practices that could be shared with 
other Federal, State and local law enforcement agencies.
    Fingerprinting technology.--The Committee encourages the 
FBI to complete its process for inclusion of contactless 
fingerprint technology in the FBI Certified Products List for 
enrollment in the Criminal Justice Information Services 
database.
    National Domestic Communications Assistance Center 
(NDCAC).--The Committee supports continued funding for the 
NDCAC. The NDCAC is a hub for technical knowledge management, 
facilitating the sharing of solutions and know-how among law 
enforcement agencies, and strengthening law enforcement's 
relationships with the communications industry.
    Intellectual property rights (IPR) enforcement.--The 
Committee is aware that sophisticated, often transnational, 
criminal enterprises engage in a range of illegal activity 
connected to the theft of copyrighted content, and that 
computers can be infected by malware transmitted to consumers 
from content theft sites. Such malware in turn can result in 
theft of bank and credit card information, identity theft, and 
ransom activities. The Committee expects the FBI to prioritize 
the investigation of IPR cases, and coordinate with IPR units 
at the U.S. Attorneys and the Criminal Division. In addition, 
the FBI shall report not later than 120 days after enactment of 
this Act on its IPR investigation activities, particularly in 
the area of creative content theft.
    Gang activity.--The Committee remains concerned about the 
rise in gang activity across the country. According to the 
National Gang Center, between 1996 and 2003, the nation saw a 
roughly 35 percent decrease in the overall number of gangs. But 
between 2003 and 2012, the date of the most recent statistics 
from the NGC, those successes had been completely lost. Certain 
transnational criminal organizations, including Mara 
Salvatrucha, or MS-13, have been resurgent in recent years 
after a brief lull in criminal activity, and have expanded 
operations in various areas in the country ranging from 
California to Georgia, and from Virginia to New York. The 
Committee has funded fully the Administration's requests to 
address violent crime, gangs, and transnational criminal 
organizations, to include funding a new violent and gun-related 
crime reduction task force and 230 new violent crime 
prosecutors. The Committee directs the FBI to continue to 
expand its task force activity, as well as its partnerships 
with State, local, and tribal law enforcement organizations, in 
order to undermine these organizations and reverse the criminal 
trends associated with their resurgence.
    Canine detection assets.--The Committee recognizes that the 
FBI has made substantial investments in deterring, detecting, 
and defeating terrorist or state-sponsored WMD threats in the 
U.S. The Committee has noted recent FBI and academic research 
that canine detection assets can assist in locating certain 
chemical and biological agents with greater mobility and 
accuracy than some currently deployed devices. The Committee 
supports further exploration of this unique capability.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $51,895,000, as requested, for the 
construction of FBI facilities and related activities. Funding 
in this account will facilitate and expedite work on current 
design and construction projects at Quantico, and secure work 
environment (SWE) building and modifications.

                    Drug Enforcement Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$2,583,625,000 for Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) 
salaries and expenses, of which $419,574,000 is derived from 
fees deposited in the Diversion Control Fund, and 
$2,164,051,000 is provided by direct appropriation. The 
recommended appropriation is $61,075,000 above fiscal year 2017 
and equal to the request.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by decision unit for salaries and expenses as follows:

 
 
 
International Enforcement.............................      $470,514,000
Domestic Enforcement..................................     1,689,922,000
State and Local Assistance............................         3,615,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Salaries and Expenses......................    $2,164,051,000
 

    Diversion control.--The recommendation includes 
$419,574,000 for the regulatory and enforcement activities of 
DEA's Diversion Control Program. The Diversion Control Program 
is funded by fee collections. The recommendation provides a 
$36,912,000 increase to enhance diversion control programs. 
This funding will support additional diversion investigators 
and tactical diversion squads; increase the number of drug take 
back efforts; expand training and outreach with partners and 
enhance enforcement and analysis of new synthetic substances. 
It will also create a pilot program to hire 10 new Special 
Assistant U.S. Attorneys to provide criminal and civil 
diversion prosecutorial support in ``hot spots'' across the 
country that experience the most significant opioid drug 
threats.
    Methamphetamine lab cleanup.--The funding recommendation 
for Community Oriented Policing Services includes $11,000,000 
for transfer to DEA to assist State, local and tribal law 
enforcement agencies with the removal and disposal of hazardous 
materials at methamphetamine labs, including funds for 
training, technical assistance, purchase of equipment and a 
container program.
    Prescription drug and heroin abuse.--The Committee 
continues to regard with deep concern the rising harm of 
prescription drug abuse, and crisis levels of heroin abuse and 
overdoses. DEA reported in its 2016 National Drug Threat 
Assessment that drug poisoning deaths are at their highest ever 
recorded level, and since 2009 annual deaths from drugs have 
outnumbered deaths by firearms, vehicle crashes, suicide, and 
homicide. The report also notes the continuing rise in 
smuggling across the borders and the continued role of 
international, especially Mexican, trafficking cartels in 
moving heroin and other drugs into U.S. communities, as well as 
the growing flow of fentanyl from China and Mexico. The 
Committee directs DEA to brief the Committee no later than 90 
days after enactment of this Act on the number of heroin and 
prescription drug diversion investigations for fiscal years 
2016 and 2017, and estimated for fiscal year 2018; the amounts 
and street value of drugs associated with such investigations; 
and prosecutions resulting from investigations. The Committee 
also encourages DEA to work with partner agencies, to include 
the Department of Health and Human Services, on outcome 
measures of success, such as reduction in the incidence and 
severity of abuse, which reflect the impact of multi-agency 
efforts. The recommendation includes requested funding 
increases of $15,000,000 in salaries and expenses for 
enhancement of heroin enforcement and investigations of 
transnational organized drug criminals, and $36,912,000 in 
Diversion Control for additional diversion enforcement, 
training, and prosecutors.
    Aviation program.--The DEA Aviation Division supports drug 
interdiction and eradication efforts with Intelligence, 
Surveillance, and Reconnaissance purposed aircraft, as well as 
fugitive and cargo transport aircraft. The Committee 
understands that more than a third of the Division's fleet is 
over 25 years old, far beyond the industry standard. As a 
result, the Division has experienced unplanned maintenance 
costs, and reduced reliability and availability. DEA shall make 
aviation modernization a priority, and is directed to report 
not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act on the 
current status of its aviation fleet, including maintenance 
costs and performance statistics; and current plans for fleet 
modernization and upgrades, to include aircraft and equipment.

          Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $1,293,776,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and 
Explosives (ATF), which is $35,176,000 above fiscal year 2017 
and $20,000,000 above the request. ATF's highest priority shall 
be to combat violent crime and promote public safety.
    The recommendation maintains current services, and fully 
funds the requested increases for violent crime reduction task 
forces and the National Integrated Ballistic Information 
Network (NIBIN). An increase of not less than $10,000,000 above 
the request is for the activities of the National Firearms Act 
(NFA) Branch, Federal Firearms Licensing Center, Federal 
Explosives Licensing Center, Import Branch, and to develop and 
implement ATF's next generation eForms system.
    Investigative Support Services.--The Committee is concerned 
about the ongoing backlog in processing firearms licensing 
applications within the 60 day timeframe as mandated under 
current statute. In addition, there is a need for additional 
resources to meet ongoing associated infrastructure 
requirements and improve the processing of import applications. 
The Committee is also concerned about ATF's failure to 
prioritize improvement of eForms. This electronic filing 
process was created by ATF to reduce submission and processing 
times, as well as data entry processing backlogs. 
Unfortunately, despite the Committee's encouragement to pursue 
improvements, the system remains antiquated and lacks the kind 
of innovation and user-friendly features expected. The 
Committee expects this increase in funding will provide 
additional resources focused on the aforementioned priorities, 
and directs ATF to report to the Committee in the expenditure 
plan required by this Act on how these funds will be allocated.
    NIBIN.--The Committee is encouraged by the promise of 
improved crime gun intelligence and information sharing, and 
expects funding provided in this bill will aid in interdicting 
crime guns and preventing gun trafficking through the NIBIN. 
The Committee encourages ATF to establish a NIBIN presence on 
the Southwest Border.
    Counter-improvised explosives devices.--The Committee 
supports the work of the National Center for Explosives 
Training and Research on countering advanced improvised 
explosive devices.

                         Federal Prison System


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $7,070,248,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Bureau of Prisons (BOP), which is $61,448,000 
above fiscal year 2017.
    Contract confinement.--The Committee views contract 
confinement as an effective tool to BOP meet low security 
facility requirements to alleviate overcrowding. The Committee 
is concerned that the Bureau remains crowded in its medium and 
high security institutions. Additionally, the Committee is 
concerned that the Bureau continues to house low security 
inmates in more costly environments where cost savings could be 
realized by using available contract detention capacity. The 
Committee supports the policy set forth in the Attorney 
General's February 21, 2017, memorandum on the use of private 
prisons, which acknowledged the importance of contract 
correctional facilities to meet the future needs of the Federal 
correctional system. The fiscal year 2017 Appropriations Act 
requires BOP to review the current classification of all 
inmates in their system and submit to the Committee a capacity 
realignment plan to ensure that inmates with lower security 
classifications (both U.S. citizens and criminal aliens) are in 
the most cost-effective facilities. The Committee looks forward 
to the timely submission of this realignment plan.
    Medication assisted treatment.--The Committee encourages 
BOP to make abstinence-based relapse prevention treatment 
options available to inmates with a history of opioid 
dependence.
    Personal firearms.--The Committee recognizes the Bureau's 
responsibility to control the use of firearms on BOP 
facilities. At the same time, it understands that BOP does not 
have a policy that would ensure officers who are legally 
authorized to carry a concealed firearm for self-protection can 
have an on-site, secure gun locker, or alternatively, lock 
weapons securely in their personal vehicles. The Committee 
encourages the Bureau to review this issue and implement a 
policy that enables officers to secure their personal firearms 
while on duty in a fashion that preserves security on Bureau 
sites but also facilitates officers' legal right to keep and 
bear arms.
    HIV policy implementation.--The Committee directs BOP, 
within 90 days of enactment of this Act, to submit a report 
that details its current policy for providing comprehensive HIV 
testing, treatment, and prevention for inmates within the 
Federal prison system, and an assessment of how it is 
implementing that policy, to include providing for transition 
of care for HIV/AIDS positive individuals leaving the Federal 
prison system.
    Mental health.--The Committee recognizes the vastly 
disproportionate rate of mental and behavioral health needs 
among the Federal prisoner population and BOP's responsibility 
to provide constitutionally adequate care. The Committee 
supports BOP's effort to implement its policies providing for 
such care and urges BOP to increase human and financial 
resources dedicated to mental and behavioral health programs 
and services and to report to the Committee not later than 90 
days after enactment of this Act on how these resources were 
deployed in fiscal year 2017.
    Educational programs.--The Committee supports the 
Department's coordination and collaboration with Historically 
Black Colleges and Universities to provide educational programs 
for recently released and soon to be released criminal 
offenders to assist them in obtaining skills that will help 
them successfully transition back into their communities and 
reduce recidivism rates.
    Augmentation.--Overcrowding remains a serious threat to 
officer safety, particularly at high and medium security 
facilities. To meet staffing needs, the BOP has used a process 
called augmentation, whereby a non-custody employee is assigned 
custody responsibilities. The Committee directs the BOP to 
curtail its overreliance on augmentation and utilize full-time 
correctional staff where possible before augmenting with other 
existing staff. BOP is further directed to submit quarterly 
reports to the Committee on the inmate-to-correctional officer 
ratios at each facility.
    Contraband communication devices.--The Committee remains 
concerned about the rising use of contraband cellular phones 
and devices in BOP or BOP-contracted facilities. BOP must 
ensure that incarcerated individuals, who use these illicit 
devices, will no longer have access to the networks and 
spectrum to direct activities in or beyond the prison. The 
Committee directs the BOP to act upon the recommendations of 
its 2016 report on this subject and to take steps to thwart 
illegal inmate telecommunications and help protect officers and 
the public, while not interfering with the rights of law-
abiding citizens to use the public airwaves.
    Re-entry performance reporting.--The Committee understands 
the difficulty and complexity of tracking inmates who re-offend 
across Federal, State and local jurisdictions to be an obstacle 
to routinely collecting information and conducting studies of 
such re-offending. Given, however, the availability of today's 
integrated information systems and modern data technology, the 
Committee does not see why such challenges cannot be overcome. 
BOP is directed to report not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act on the specific challenges encountered in 
measuring the effectiveness of all its re-entry programs, and 
any additional tools or resources needed to comply with the 
reporting requirements of the Second Chance Act.

                        BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends $95,000,000 for the construction, 
acquisition, modernization, maintenance, and repair of prison 
and detention facilities housing Federal inmates.
    The Committee directs the Bureau to move forward with 
ongoing facilities planning and associated new construction to 
meet projected capacity requirements as identified in the 
monthly status of construction reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations. BOP shall continue to provide monthly status of 
construction reports and notify the Committee of any changes 
reflected in those reports.

   LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES, FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, 
                              INCORPORATED

    The Committee recommends a limitation on administrative 
expenses of $2,700,000 for Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated, which is the same as fiscal year 2017.

               State and Local Law Enforcement Activities

    In total, the Committee recommends $2,266,300,000 for State 
and local law enforcement and crime prevention grant programs, 
including $2,174,300,000 in discretionary appropriations.
    Management and administrative expenses.--The Committee 
encourages grant offices to minimize administrative spending to 
maximize funding for grants or training and technical 
assistance. The Committee also directs the Department to ensure 
that the methodology for assessing management and 
administration costs is equitable and reflects a fair 
representation of the share of common management and 
administrative costs associated with each program. The 
Committee notes that an across-the-board percentage assessment 
may not be the most appropriate solution. The Committee is 
aware that, in general, the Department's grant offices for 
State and Local Law Enforcement Activities have authority to 
allocate certain expenses administratively to activities that 
are ancillary to the core purposes of the appropriation (e.g., 
peer review for a competitive program, training and technical 
assistance, and research and statistical activities).
    Office of Victims of Crime (OVC).--The recommendation 
provides $4,632,000,000 for the Crime Victims Fund. Within 
available resources, OVC may implement the office's Vision 21, 
which seeks to bring better technology, planning, research and 
data into the crime victims services field.
    The recommendation includes language in section 510 
allowing for tribal access to the Crime Victims Fund. The 
Committee expects the Department of Justice to consult with 
Indian tribal governments on the distribution of these funds.
    The Committee directs OVC to report to the Committee, not 
later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act, on the 
actions they are taking to ensure Crime Victims Fund resources 
are reaching communities most affected by violence.
    The Committee is aware that hospital-based violence 
intervention has shown effective results as a strategy in 
preventing injury recidivism for victims of violent injury, and 
encourages states to consider utilizing funding provided 
through the Crime Victims Fund to establish or expand hospital-
based intervention programs.
    Tribal assistance.--The recommendation includes a flexible 
tribal set-aside under section 214. The Committee expects the 
Office of Justice Programs (OJP) to continue to consult closely 
with tribes to determine how tribal assistance funds will be 
allocated among grant programs that improve public safety in 
tribal communities, such as grants for detention facilities 
under section 20109 of subtitle A of title II of the Violent 
Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-
322), civil and criminal legal assistance as authorized by 
title I of Public Law 106-559, tribal courts, and alcohol and 
substance abuse reduction assistance programs. The Committee 
directs OJP to use such consultation to inform the allocation 
of funds it shall submit as part of its spending plan. The 
Committee notes that the recommendation includes additional 
grant funding for tribal law enforcement programs through the 
Office on Violence Against Women (OVW).

                    Office on Violence Against Women


       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $527,000,000 for OVW, which is 
$45,500,000 above fiscal year 2017 and $47,000,000 above the 
request. The recommendation does not divert funds from the 
Crime Victims Fund to pay for these discretionary programs. The 
recommendation also funds the victims of trafficking program 
under this heading. Funds are distributed as follows:

       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
STOP Grants...........................................        $215,000
Transitional Housing Assistance.......................          30,000
Research and Evaluation on Violence Against Women.....           3,500
Consolidated Youth-Oriented Program...................          11,000
Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies...................          53,000
  Homicide Reduction Initiative.......................          (4,000)
Sexual Assault Victims Services.......................          35,000
Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement...          35,000
Violence on College Campuses..........................          20,000
Civil Legal Assistance................................          45,000
Elder Abuse Grant Program.............................           5,000
Family Civil Justice..................................          16,000
Education and Training for Disabled Female Victims....           6,000
National Resource Center on Workplace Responses.......             500
Research on Violence Against Indian Women.............           1,000
Indian Country-Sexual Assault Clearinghouse...........             500
Tribal assistance.....................................           4,000
Victims of trafficking................................          45,000
Rape Survivor Child Custody Act.......................           1,500
                                                       =================
  TOTAL, Violence Against Women Prevention and                $527,000
   Prosecution Programs...............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                       Office of Justice Programs


                  RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND STATISTICS

    The Committee recommends $83,000,000 for Research, 
Evaluation and Statistics, which is $6,000,000 below fiscal 
year 2017 and $28,000,000 below the request. Funds are 
distributed as follows:

                   RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND STATISTICS
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bureau of Justice Statistics..........................         $44,500
National Institute of Justice.........................          38,500
                                                       =================
  TOTAL, Research, Evaluation and Statistics..........         $83,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Human trafficking research.--The Committee acknowledges the 
difficulty in estimating the prevalence of human trafficking, 
and the corresponding difficulty in gauging the effectiveness 
of the criminal justice system's response to the problem. 
Research can play an invaluable role in understanding 
prevalence and effectiveness through improved data collection 
and analysis. The Committee encourages the National Institute 
of Justice to increase funding for research into human 
trafficking.
    Campus sexual assault.--The Committee supports the 
Department's continued development and testing of a pilot 
campus climate survey. Preliminary results of the pilot suggest 
the vast majority of campus sexual assaults are not reported to 
authorities, do not come to the attention of university 
officials and, therefore, are not represented in official 
Federal statistics. The Committee encourages the Department to 
examine expanding the pilot survey and developing a cost-
effective, standardized, and methodologically rigorous 
nationwide research program on campus sexual assault.

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE

    The Committee recommends $1,143,500,000 for State and Local 
Law Enforcement Assistance programs, which is $115,000,000 
below fiscal year 2017 and $276,000,000 above the request. 
Funds are distributed as follows:

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants..............        $500,000
  Officer Robert Wilson III VALOR Initiative..........         (10,000)
  Domestic Radicalization Research....................          (4,000)
  Juvenile Indigent Defense...........................          (2,000)
  NamUS...............................................          (2,400)
  Violent Gang and Gun Crime Reduction................         (10,000)
  Capital Litigation and Wrongful Conviction Review...          (2,500)
  Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution..............         (15,500)
  White Collar Crime Prevention.......................         (10,000)
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program...............         220,000
Adam Walsh Act Implementation.........................          20,000
Bulletproof Vests Partnerships........................          22,500
National Sex Offender Public Website..................           1,000
National Instant Criminal Background Check System               73,000
 (NICS) Initiative....................................
DNA Initiative........................................         125,000
  Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grants.....................        (117,000)
  Kirk Bloodsworth Post-Conviction DNA Testing Grants.          (4,000)
  Sexual Assault Forensic Exam Program Grants.........          (4,000)
CASA-Special Advocates................................           9,000
Comprehensive School Safety Initiative................          45,000
Emergency Law Enforcement Assistance..................          10,000
Opioid initiative.....................................         118,000
  Drug Courts.........................................         (43,000)
  Veterans Treatment Courts...........................          (7,000)
  Residential Substance Abuse Treatment...............         (12,000)
  Prescription Drug Monitoring........................         (14,000)
  Mentally Ill Offender Act...........................         (12,000)
  Other Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act               (30,000)
   activities.........................................
                                                       =================
  TOTAL, State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance...      $1,143,500
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Opioid abuse.--The recommendation includes $118,000,000 for 
programs to reduce opioid abuse, which is the full amount 
authorized by the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 
2016 (CARA; Public Law 114-198). Within this amount is 
$43,000,000 for drug courts; $7,000,000 for veterans treatment 
courts; $12,000,000 for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment; 
$14,000,000 for prescription drug monitoring; $12,000,000 for 
the Mentally Ill Offender Act; and $30,000,000 for other 
programs authorized by the bill.
    The Committee believes that communities must address opioid 
abuse through comprehensive strategies that incorporate 
enhanced enforcement, education and treatment. The Committee 
directs OJP to work with DEA, the Department of Health and 
Human Services, and the National Institute of Justice to 
develop, and help communities implement, best practices to 
address opioid abuse.
    The Committee believes that the Federal response to the 
opioid epidemic will be most effective if resources made 
available through CARA and related programs are directed to 
strategies that are backed by strong evidence or to innovative 
and promising approaches that will be rigorously evaluated to 
learn their impact. In implementing new and existing programs 
that address the opioid epidemic, the Department is urged to 
utilize evidence-based policymaking principles, tools, and 
program designs such as those disseminated by the Evidence-
Based Policymaking Collaborative. The Committee encourages the 
Department to collaborate with outside researchers and 
philanthropic organizations that focus on improving the use of 
rigorous research to inform policy.
    National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) 
Initiative grants.--The recommendation includes $73,000,000 for 
grants to improve records in NICS. This initiative combines the 
National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP) and the 
NICS Act Record Improvement Program (NARIP). The Committee 
directs that the grants made under the broader NCHIP 
authorities be made available only for efforts to improve 
records added to NICS. Additionally, the Department shall 
prioritize funding under NARIP authorities with the goal of 
making all States NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 
(NIAA) compliant. The Department also shall apply penalties to 
noncompliant States to the fullest extent of the law.
    The Committee understands that ATF is willing to provide 
technical assistance to all States seeking to establish 
programs that meet the NIAA requirements for NARIP grants. Even 
in the absence of funding exclusively for NARIP, the Committee 
directs the Department to continue these efforts. The Committee 
again urges OJP, ATF and FBI to assist States that are not 
currently eligible for NARIP grants in meeting the eligibility 
requirements.
    The Committee encourages OJP to provide technical 
assistance and training services for current and future NCHIP 
and NARIP grantees.
    The Committee also reiterates existing legal requirements 
that data in the NICS be deleted after a check is completed.
    Gun crime and gang violence.--The recommendation includes 
$10,000,000 for communities working with their local U.S. 
Attorneys to develop and implement gun crime and gang violence 
reduction programs.
    Gang violence.--The Committee recognizes the threat posed 
by foreign influenced gangs and the need for coordination among 
Federal, State and local law enforcement agencies to address 
this problem. Such gang activity has the potential to overwhelm 
local law enforcement resources in rural areas, particularly in 
communities with populations under 25,000. The Committee urges 
the Department to prioritize grant funding within existing 
State and local assistance programs targeted for reducing 
criminal gang activity in rural communities.
    The Committee also notes the effectiveness of regional gang 
task forces in addressing transnational gangs. The Committee 
urges the Department to prioritize grant funding within 
existing State and local assistance programs for reducing 
criminal gang activity using regional gang task forces.
    Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (Byrne/JAG) 
program.--The recommendation includes $500,000,000 for the 
Byrne/JAG program and consolidates the activities of the COPS 
Hiring program into the Byrne/JAG program. Funding under this 
formula program is authorized for law enforcement programs 
including those that promote data interoperability between 
disparate law enforcement entities; prosecution and court 
programs; prevention and education programs; corrections 
programs; drug treatment and enforcement programs; planning, 
evaluation, and technology improvement programs; and crime 
victim and witness programs, other than compensation. Within 
the amount provided, $4,000,000 is for research on domestic 
radicalization; $10,000,000 is for the Officer Robert Wilson 
III Preventing Violence Against Law Enforcement and Ensuring 
Officer Resilience and Survivability (VALOR) Initiative; 
$2,000,000 is for juvenile indigent defense; $2,400,000 is for 
the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System (NamUS); 
$10,000,000 is for competitive and evidence-based programs to 
reduce gun crime and gang violence; $2,500,000 is for the 
capital litigation and wrongful conviction review; $15,500,000 
is for prison rape prevention and prosecution; and $10,000,000 
is for white collar crime prevention grants. Excluding 
carveouts, the recommendation for Byrne/JAG is $109,000,000 
above fiscal year 2017 and $184,100,000 above the request.
    The Committee is concerned by the impact on law enforcement 
of the growing epidemic of prescription drug and heroin abuse, 
and notes that funds within this account may be utilized for 
the implementation of medication-assisted treatment to maintain 
abstinence from all opioids and heroin. The Committee notes 
that Byrne/JAG funding can be used for law enforcement 
purposes, such as the hiring of law enforcement officers, 
including School Resource Officers or other ``non-enforcement'' 
officers. The Committee notes that Byrne/JAG funding can be 
used for pursuit technology and training to reduce deaths and 
injuries during high-risk vehicle events. The Committee 
recognizes the importance of de-escalation training and 
cultural sensitivity training and diversity in hiring in local 
law enforcement to ensure that law enforcement reflects the 
communities they serve. The Committee notes that Byrne/JAG 
funds may be used for these purposes, and encourages the 
Department to award funds for this purpose in Byrne/JAG and the 
Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Program. The 
Committee encourages the Byrne/JAG program to provide 
additional resources to those communities that are taking part 
in programs that seek to lower homicide rates through data and 
performance measurement analysis. The Committee advises that 
some Byrne/JAG funds be directed to provide newer, more 
efficient forensics testing tools for rural jurisdictions. The 
Committee requests additional consideration be given to 
applicants who seek to hire service-connected disabled 
veterans.
    Veterans.--The Committee is aware of national and State-
level recruitment efforts to help veterans transition from 
military service to careers in civilian law enforcement. The 
Committee directs the Department to submit a report, not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act, on the type of grants 
and programs that the Department provides to help train and 
assist veterans who are transitioning from military service to 
civilian law enforcement.
    Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA).--The Committee supports 
the Bureau of Justice Assistance's (BJA) ongoing efforts to 
improve the PREA audit program, in addition to restarting the 
State grant programs in fiscal year 2018. Facility audits are a 
key component in helping agencies move their sexual abuse 
prevention and response policies from written documents to 
everyday practices. BJA has outlined a meaningful Quality 
Improvement Initiative and the Committee supports the 
Department providing the necessary resources to carry out this 
work.
    Officer Robert Wilson III Memorial VALOR Initiative.--The 
recommendation includes $10,000,000 for the VALOR initiative. 
The recommendation also includes $10,000,000 under the 
Community Oriented Policing Services header for active shooter 
response.
    State Criminal Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP).--The 
recommendation includes $220,000,000 for SCAAP, which is 
$10,000,000 above fiscal year 2017. SCAAP provides grants that 
reimburse States and localities for the costs incurred in 
incarcerating undocumented criminal aliens. The President's 
request proposed to terminate this program.
    Competitive grants.--The Committee urges the Department to 
prioritize improving forensic interview training for child 
abuse investigation and prosecution professionals.
    Forensics and cybercrime training.--The Committee is aware 
of a number of programs surrounding trafficking offenses, sex 
crimes and domestic violence that provide support to State and 
local law enforcement and prosecutors. The Committee encourages 
OJP to increase efforts to provide State and local prosecutors 
with training, particularly train the trainer, and trial 
experience in cybercrimes and digital evidence.
    The Committee is also encouraged by efforts to expand the 
ability of academic forensic technology programs to assist the 
Department in identifying online crime, hate and terror groups.
    DNA initiative.--The recommendation includes $125,000,000 
for DNA-related and forensic programs and activities, an 
increase of $20,000,000 above the request and the same as the 
fiscal year 2017 level. Within the funds provided, the 
Committee provides $4,000,000 each for Post-Conviction DNA 
Testing grants and Sexual Assault Forensic Exam Program grants. 
The Committee expects that OJP will make funding for DNA 
analysis and capacity enhancement a priority to meet the 
purposes of the Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grant Program. The 
Committee directs the Department to submit, as part of its 
spending plan, a plan for the use of all funds appropriated for 
DNA-related and forensic programs and a report on the alignment 
of appropriated funds with the authorized purposes of the 
Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grant Program.
    Victims of trafficking grants.--In the OVW account, the 
recommendation includes $45,000,000 for human trafficking task 
force activities and for services for victims. These funds may 
also be used to develop, expand and strengthen assistance 
programs for child victims of sex and labor trafficking. The 
Committee notes that the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act 
established a Domestic Trafficking Victims Fund, which will 
provide additional resources for these programs. The Committee 
directs DOJ to support the victim-centered approach to 
recognizing and responding to human trafficking, especially 
across partnerships between Federal and local law enforcement 
agencies and victim service providers. The Department shall 
include a planned allocation of these funds in its spending 
plan. The Committee encourages the Department to increase the 
number of human trafficking task forces funded by this program 
to at least 40.
    Preventing trafficking of girls.--The Committee encourages 
the Office for Victims of Crime and the Office of Juvenile 
Justice and Delinquency Prevention to examine ways to assist 
nonprofits and other nongovernmental entities with a proven 
track record of administering successful prevention and early 
intervention programs for girls vulnerable to trafficking.
    Pre-trial risk assessment.--The Committee continues its 
support for Bureau of Justice Assistance programs widespread 
adoption of evidence-based screening and assessment tools 
across the criminal justice system and believes further 
improvements are needed at the earliest stage of the process, 
or the pretrial period, to make the system fairer and less 
costly. The Committee is encouraged by States' development of 
Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) models and encourages OJP to 
examine if funding should be made available for grants to 
assist States in the development and implementation of RNR 
tools for determining pretrial detention, sentencing, probation 
or post-release supervision, prison classification systems, and 
offender re-entry.
    Immersive training.--The Committee recognizes the 
significant challenges of 21st century policing. The Committee 
directs the Department to study whether immersive, real-life 
scenario-based training improves law enforcement officer 
performance, increases police safety, and reduces use-of-force 
incidents, deadly force, and citizen complaints, and to report 
to the Committee not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act. The Committee encourages the Department to use this study 
to inform the development of immersive, scenario-based law 
enforcement training curricula related to situational awareness 
and physical and mental responses to stress, threats, and 
crisis. The Committee requests that the Department devise a 
plan for pilot testing this immersive training and making it 
accessible to Federal, State, local, tribal, and territorial 
law enforcement agencies.
    School safety.--The Committee encourages pilot grants 
funded through the Comprehensive School Safety Initiative 
consider employing an evidence-based school threat assessment 
and intervention program.
    Strategic Mobile and Response Teams.--The Committee 
encourages DOJ to investigate the opportunity to conduct pilot 
programs to implement Strategic Mobile and Response Teams 
(SMART) at the Southwest Border. Border Smart Pilot programs 
should combine the use of officers and technology, including 
ground sensors and drones. The pilot programs should have 
inter-agency partnership and multi layered security efforts, 
including marine, air and terrestrial components, with the goal 
of increasing border security while reducing cost. The 
Department should brief the Committee on its plans within 180 
days.

                       JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $170,500,000 for Juvenile Justice 
programs, which is $76,500,000 below fiscal year 2017 and 
$59,000,000 below the request. Funds are distributed as 
follows:

                        JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Youth Mentoring Grants................................         $75,000
Victims of Child Abuse Programs.......................          21,000
Missing and Exploited Children Programs...............          72,500
Training for Judicial Personnel.......................           2,000
                                                       =================
  TOTAL, Juvenile Justice.............................        $170,500
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Youth mentoring grants.--The recommendation includes 
$75,000,000 for youth mentoring grants, which is $5,000,000 
below fiscal year 2017 and $17,000,000 above the request.
    The Committee recognizes the success of the Youth Mentoring 
program in the Office of Justice Programs. Through trusted one-
to-one mentoring relationships, in the community and in 
schools, Youth Mentoring grantees are able to provide needed 
attention and support to at-risk children. Mentoring 
relationships enhance a child's overall well-being by improving 
their emotional, social, and educational development.
    Missing and exploited children programs.--The 
recommendation includes $72,500,000 for missing and exploited 
children programs, which is the same as fiscal year 2017 and 
$500,000 above the request. The Committee expects the 
Department to allocate no less than the current year level for 
task force grants, training and technical assistance, research 
and statistics, and administrative costs for the Internet 
Crimes Against Children program. The Committee expects the 
Department to allocate $1,000,000 to be used to hire and equip 
wounded, ill or injured veterans as digital forensic analysts 
or investigators to support child exploitation investigations.
    The Department is encouraged to support the development, 
refinement, and technological advancement of widely used tools, 
methods and technologies that address child sexual exploitation 
and trafficking.
    Partnerships with community organizations.--The Committee 
encourages the Office of Juvenile Justice Programs to examine 
ways to partner with community groups or nongovernmental 
entities that undertake initiatives to provide parents and 
guardians with inkless, in-home fingerpriting kits, which help 
families maintain current photos, fingerprints, and 
descriptions of their children, and such information can be 
vital for police during searches for missing children.

                     PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER BENEFITS

    The Committee recommends a total of $108,300,000 for the 
Public Safety Officer Benefits program, which is $19,000,000 
above fiscal year 2017 and the same as the request. Within the 
funds provided, $92,000,000 is for death benefits for 
survivors, an amount estimated by the Congressional Budget 
Office that is considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes. 
Also within the total, $16,300,000 is recommended, as 
requested, for disability benefits for public safety officers 
who are permanently and totally disabled as a result of a 
catastrophic injury sustained in the line of duty, and for 
education benefits for the spouses and children of officers who 
are killed in the line of duty or who are permanently and 
totally disabled as a result of a catastrophic injury sustained 
in the line of duty.

                  Community Oriented Policing Services


             COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The recommendation includes $234,000,000 for the COPS 
account. Funds are to be distributed as follows:

              COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES PROGRAMS
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Transfer to DEA for Methamphetamine Lab Cleanups......         $11,000
Police Act............................................          10,000
Community trust initiative............................          65,000
  Body worn camera partnership initiative.............         (22,500)
  Justice Reinvestment Initiative.....................         (25,000)
  Research and statistics on community trust..........          (7,500)
  Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program...........         (10,000)
Second Chance Act.....................................          68,000
  Children of Incarcerated Parents Demo Grants........          (5,000)
  Girls in the juvenile justice system................          (2,000)
Community Teams to Reduce the Sexual Assault Kit (SAK)          45,000
 Backlog..............................................
Regional information sharing activities...............          35,000
                                                       =================
  TOTAL, Community Oriented Policing Services.........        $234,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Methamphetamine lab cleanup.--The recommendation includes 
$11,000,000, which shall be transferred to DEA to assist State, 
local and tribal law enforcement agencies with the removal and 
disposal of hazardous materials at methamphetamine labs, 
including funds for training, technical assistance, the 
purchase of equipment, and a container program.
    Community trust initiative.--The recommendation includes 
$65,000,000 for a program to improve police-community 
relations. Included in this initiative is $10,000,000 for the 
Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program, $25,000,000 for 
justice reinvestment, $22,500,000 for a body-worn camera 
partnership initiative, and $7,500,000 for research and 
statistics on community trust.
    The body-worn camera partnership initiative includes pilot 
and demonstration grants for purchase of body-worn cameras for 
police. This initiative will also establish baseline procedures 
for the use of body-worn cameras, support State and local 
efforts regarding the use of such equipment, and provide 
necessary research into the use of this technology. The 
demonstration grants shall require a 1:1 match by the grantee 
and shall not be used to pay for the ongoing costs or data 
storage costs associated with body-worn camera footage. The 
demonstration grants shall only be provided to States with laws 
governing the use of body-worn cameras and shall not interfere 
with State laws and requirements. The Bureau of Justice 
Assistance shall administer this initiative and provide 
periodic updates to the Committee regarding its implementation.
    As the Committee believes that improving police-community 
relations will require more than just equipment procurement, 
the recommendation provides $25,000,000 for the justice 
reinvestment initiative, which provides assistance to 
jurisdictions to implement data-driven strategies to improve 
public safety by reducing corrections spending and reinvesting 
those savings in efforts to decrease crime and strengthen 
neighborhoods. The Committee recognizes the tremendous 
potential of justice reinvestment efforts, noting that 
successful efforts in States, such as Texas, Kansas, North 
Carolina, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, which have saved millions of 
dollars and serve as models for criminal justice reform in the 
Nation. Funding may be used to provide technical assistance to 
States with existing reinvestment programs, expand the 
initiative to additional States, or provide additional funding 
for existing sites.
    The Committee believes that comprehensive, career-long 
leadership education for all local law enforcement officers 
remains critical to reducing crime and strengthening 
relationships between law enforcement agencies and the 
communities they serve, and the Committee notes that funds in 
the community trust initiative can be used for leadership 
training programs that provide measurable improvements in local 
law enforcement officer performance, adaptive decision-making 
skills, civic involvement, and officer-community relations.
    Second Chance Act/offender reentry programs.--The 
recommendation includes $68,000,000 for Second Chance Act 
grants. Excluding carveouts, the recommendation is $15,500,000 
above fiscal year 2017 and $40,500,000 above the request.
    The Committee remains concerned that despite a dramatic 
increase in corrections spending over the past two decades, 
recidivism and re-incarceration rates are largely unchanged. 
The Committee is aware that case studies of innovative, 
evidence-based practices provide strong indication that this 
pattern can be reversed. The Committee expects that Second 
Chance Act grants will foster the implementation of strategies 
that have been proven to reduce recidivism and ensure safe and 
successful reentry back to their communities of adults released 
from prisons and jails. The Committee expects DOJ to designate 
funds for proven, evidenced-based programs that will further 
the goal of maximizing public safety.
    To ensure the most effective use of Second Chance Act 
funds, the Committee encourages the prioritization of funding 
to communities where the largest populations of formerly 
incarcerated people return and requests a report from the 
Bureau of Justice Statistics within 90 days of the enactment of 
this Act analyzing what the Bureau is doing to ensure funding 
is reaching these communities.
    Sexual assault kit backlog grants.--The recommendation 
includes $45,000,000 for grants to address the sexual assault 
kit (SAK) backlog. The Committee encourages stakeholders and 
local law enforcement to continue working with Federal law 
enforcement to resolve this important issue. The Committee also 
directs the Department to do everything in its power to bring 
perpetrators to justice. The Committee also encourages OJP to 
increase its efforts to ensure that strong research and program 
evaluations are undertaken utilizing independent evaluators 
with the experience and skills to provide necessary feedback 
and improve the efficiency of SAK processing. The Committee 
further encourages OJP to prioritize funding to underserved 
regions, such as Appalachia.
    Human trafficking intelligence.--The Committee encourages 
programs funded under the regional information sharing 
activities to hire a criminal intelligence analysts for the 
purpose of compiling information, reports, and other 
intelligence on human trafficking into, out of, and within the 
borders of the United States.
    Active shooter response.--The recommendation includes 
$10,000,000 for the POLICE Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-199). 
The Committee notes the importance training partnerships that 
offer nationwide dynamic force-on-force scenario-based 
training. The Committee understands the training has been 
adopted by numerous States and agencies as their standard 
active shooter training and that the FBI has adopted this 
program as its national training standard for active shooter 
response.

               General Provisions--Department of Justice

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
for the Department of Justice:
    Section 201 makes available additional reception and 
representation funding for the Attorney General from the 
amounts provided in this title.
    Section 202 prohibits the use of funds to pay for an 
abortion, except in the case of rape, incest, or to preserve 
the life of the mother.
    Section 203 prohibits the use of funds to require any 
person to perform or facilitate the performance of an abortion.
    Section 204 establishes the obligation of the Director of 
the Bureau of Prisons to provide escort services to an inmate 
receiving an abortion outside of a Federal facility, except 
where this obligation conflicts with the preceding section.
    Section 205 establishes the Committee's requirements and 
procedures for transfer proposals.
    Section 206 prohibits the use of certain funds for 
transporting prisoners classified as maximum or high security, 
other than to a facility certified by the Bureau of Prisons as 
appropriately secure.
    Section 207 prohibits the use of funds for the purchase or 
rental by Federal prisons of audiovisual equipment, services 
and materials used primarily for recreational purposes, except 
for those items and services needed for inmate training, 
religious, or educational purposes.
    Section 208 requires review by the Deputy Attorney General 
and the Department Investment Review Board prior to the 
obligation or expenditure of funds for major information 
technology projects.
    Section 209 requires the Department to follow reprogramming 
procedures for any deviation from the program amounts specified 
in this title or the accompanying report, or the reuse of 
deobligated funds provided in previous years.
    Section 210 prohibits the use of funds for A-76 
competitions for work performed by employees of Federal Prison 
Industries, Inc.
    Section 211 prohibits U.S. Attorneys from holding 
additional responsibilities that exempt U.S. Attorneys from 
statutory residency requirements.
    Section 212 permits up to 3 percent of grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to the Office of 
Justice Programs to be used for training and technical 
assistance, and permits up to 3 percent of grant funds made 
available to that office to be used for criminal justice 
research, evaluation and statistics by the National Institute 
of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
    Section 213 provides 7 percent of certain grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to the Office of 
Justice Programs and Community Oriented Policing Services 
programs to be used for tribal criminal justice assistance.
    Section 214 waives the requirement that the Attorney 
General reserve certain funds from amounts provided for 
offender incarceration.
    Section 215 permanently prohibits funds, other than funds 
for the National Instant Criminal Background Check System 
established under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, 
from being used to facilitate the transfer of an operable 
firearm to a known or suspected agent of a drug cartel where 
law enforcement personnel do not continuously monitor or 
control such firearm.
    Section 216 places limitations on the obligation of funds 
from certain Department of Justice accounts and funding 
sources.

                               TITLE III


                                SCIENCE


                Office of Science and Technology Policy

    The Committee recommends $5,544,000 for the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), which is $11,000 below 
fiscal year 2017 and the same as the request.
    Public access to Federally funded research.--The Committee 
appreciates the progress that OSTP has made to increase access 
to the results of Federally funded scientific research. OSTP 
shall continue efforts to coordinate implementation of public 
access policies across Federal departments and agencies and 
identify additional opportunities to enhance access to the 
results of Federally funded research. OSTP shall continue to 
report, on an annual basis, on the progress of departments and 
agencies in implementing their public access plans, including 
relevant measures of progress, and on additional steps being 
taken to improve access to the results of Federally funded 
research.
    Patents.--The Committee awaits the report required in the 
fiscal year 2017 appropriations Act regarding approved patents 
and how Federal scientists who work at certain research 
laboratories may benefit from these successful patent 
applications.

             National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    The Committee recommends $19,871,834,000 for the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which is 
$218,534,000 above fiscal year 2017. The Committee applauds 
NASA's June 2017 announcement of the outstanding astronaut 
candidates who were selected from a record 18,300 applications. 
Their achievements and NASA's current astronaut corps continue 
to inspire the Nation. The level of interest in NASA human 
spaceflight programs and in all NASA missions continues to 
grow, and the funding recommendations described below support 
current and future human exploration programs, and the science, 
research and advanced manufacturing activities necessary to 
send humans safely beyond low Earth orbit and on to Mars. The 
funding in this bill also provides NASA with a balanced 
portfolio to pursue robotic exploration of the solar system, 
realize advances in safe and efficient air travel, partner with 
industry, and engage with academia.
    National Space Council.--The Committee supports Executive 
Order 13803: Reviving the National Space Council. The National 
Space Council, to be managed within the White House, is in the 
national interest because space leadership and space 
exploration are essential to our character as a nation, to our 
economy, and to our national security. The Council will 
coordinate Federal agencies' space activities.
    Program and project totals.The Committee's program and 
project recommendations for NASA are included in the 
consolidated funding table below and in narrative direction 
throughout this report. The Committee reminds NASA that any 
deviations from the amounts included in the table below are 
subject to section 505 requirements of this Act. When executing 
its budget for fiscal year 2018, NASA shall incorporate the 
funding levels established in both the table and the narrative 
direction. NASA is reminded that comity has existed between the 
Congress and the Executive Branch with respect to abiding by 
language included in this report and in the accompanying 
Appropriations Act. The Committee expects NASA to respect this 
long-standing practice.

              NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Science:
  Earth Science.......................................      $1,704,000
  Planetary Science...................................       2,120,900
  Astrophysics........................................         822,000
  James Webb Space Telescope..........................         533,700
  Heliophysics........................................         677,900
                                                       -----------------
Total, Science........................................       5,858,500
                                                       =================
Aeronautics:..........................................         660,000
                                                       =================
Space Technology:.....................................         686,500
                                                       =================
Human Exploration and Operations:
  Orion Multi-purpose Crew Vehicle....................       1,350,000
  Space Launch System (SLS) Vehicle Development.......       2,150,000
  Exploration Ground Systems..........................         600,000
  Exploration R&D.....................................;         450,000
                                                       -----------------
Total, Human Exploration and Operations...............       4,550,000
                                                       =================
Space Operations:.....................................       4,676,634
                                                       =================
Education:
  NASA Space Grant....................................          40,000
  Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive                 18,000
   Research...........................................
  Minority University Research Education Program......          32,000
                                                       -----------------
Total, Education......................................          90,000
                                                       =================
Safety, Security and Mission Services:................       2,826,200
                                                       =================
Construction and Environmental Compliance and                  486,100
 Restoration:.........................................
                                                       =================
Office of Inspector General:..........................          37,900
                                                       =================
Total, NASA...........................................     $19,871,834
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                SCIENCE

    The Committee recommends $5,858,500,000 for Science, which 
is $93,600,000 above fiscal year 2017 and $146,700,000 above 
the request.
    Decadal surveys.--The Committee directs that the priorities 
outlined in the decadal surveys for Earth Science, Planetary 
Science, Astrophysics, and Heliophysics shall drive NASA 
mission priorities.
    Earth Science.--The recommendation includes $1,704,000,000 
for Earth Science programs. The recommendation includes 
$175,800,000, as requested, for continued development of the 
Landsat-9 mission to support a 2020 launch and maintain data 
continuity. NASA shall keep the Committee informed of the 
status of this program. Also within amounts provided is 
$55,400,000, as requested, for the NASA-ISRO Synthetic 
Aperature Radar mission.
    Earth Science Pathfinder Venture Class Missions.--The 
Committee is supportive of NASA's Earth Science Pathfinder 
Venture Class Missions and includes the requested amount of 
$199,100,000 for these activities. This program was established 
in response to decadal survey recommendations to provide flight 
opportunities for low cost earth science investigations that 
can be flown in five years or less. Within amounts provided, 
NASA is encouraged to acquire, where cost effective, space-
based and airborne Earth remote sensing data from commercial 
partners. The Committee notes the recent award of the 
Geostationary Carbon Cycle Observatory mission from the second 
Earth Venture Mission announcement of opportunity. NASA shall 
keep the Committee informed regarding these activities.
    Planetary Science.--The recommendation includes 
$2,120,900,000 for Planetary Science. One of the primary 
recommendations of the National Academies' 2012 Decadal Survey 
for Planetary Science was for NASA to achieve a balanced 
program through a mix of Discovery, New Frontiers, and flagship 
missions and an appropriate balance among the many potential 
targets in the solar system. The Committee urges NASA, in 
subsequent budget requests, to ensure that it requests 
sufficient funds across its Discovery and New Frontiers 
programs to ensure a balanced cadence of missions. Further, the 
Committee expects NASA to request sufficient funds for Research 
and Analysis to ensure that data collected by NASA assets can 
be exploited by scientists and researchers. The recommendation 
includes $305,600,000 for Planetary Science Research, including 
$197,900,000 for Planetary Science Research and Analysis. Also 
included is $60,000,000 for NASA's efforts to detect and 
monitor near Earth objects and for its asteroid impact and 
deflection assessment (AIDA) and double asteroid redirection 
test (DART) activities. Commensurate with this funding, NASA is 
urged to conduct research into directed energy as a means of 
asteroid deflection. Further, the Committee encourages NASA to 
examine its use of NSF's ground-based telescopes to fulfill its 
planetary protection mission to determine if additional funds 
are required.
    Near Earth Object Camera (NEOCam).--The Committee is 
supportive of the NEOCam mission, which follows a 2010 National 
Academy of Sciences report regarding space-based infrared 
survey telescopes required to discover asteroids that pose a 
hazard to Earth. NEOCam will also assist NASA in meeting the 
congressionally mandated directive to detect and characterize 
hazardous near Earth objects. The Committee understands that 
NEOCam has been approved for extended Phase A studies that are 
intended, in part, to review projected overall cost estimates. 
NASA shall provide a report no later than 120 days after 
enactment of this Act regarding estimated life cycle costs, 
including schedule and milestones toward a projected 2020 
launch date.
    Discovery.--The recommendation includes $335,800,000 for 
the Discovery program. The current cost cap for these missions 
is $450,000,000 plus launch costs. The Discovery program 
currently has two operational spacecraft, the Lunar 
Reconnaissance Orbiter and Dawn; one flight mission in 
development, the Interior Exploration using Seismic 
Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport; and two newly 
selected missions, Lucy and Psyche, which are in formulation.
    New Frontiers.--The recommendation includes $90,000,000 for 
New Frontiers. The current cost cap for these missions is 
$1,000,000,000 plus launch costs. New Frontiers missions 
explore the solar system with frequent, medium-class spacecraft 
missions. The program includes three missions in operations: 
New Horizons, Juno, and OSIRIS-Rex.
    Juno.--Juno, a mission to Jupiter launched in 2011, is 
collecting data to help NASA understand the formation of 
planets and the origins of the solar system. While the Juno 
spacecraft is healthy and all instruments are fully 
operational, the Committee is aware that the original Juno 
flight plan may be modified and that NASA is examining options 
to determine if valuable science may be gained from continuing 
beyond the planned mission scope. NASA shall keep the Committee 
informed of this matter. Further, NASA shall keep the Committee 
informed of the overall progress and science gleaned from the 
Juno mission, especially risk reduction activities in advance 
of the Jupiter Europa Clipper and Lander missions.
    Mars Exploration.--The Committee remains supportive of 
NASA's ongoing Mars missions gathering data about our nearest 
neighbor which may have once supported microbial life. These 
missions and the Mars 2020 mission will provide NASA and its 
partners with valuable data about future landing sites for the 
Mars 2020 rover and eventually humans. The recommendation 
includes $646,700,000 for the Mars Exploration program, 
including $374,300,000 for the Mars 2020 mission that meets 
scientific objectives from the most recent Planetary Science 
decadal survey, including the sample return mission, and 
$62,000,000 to continue research and development of the Mars 
2022 Orbiter. Funding for the Mars helicopter technology 
demonstration is included within the Planetary Technology 
program described below. NASA shall provide quarterly briefings 
on all aspects of the Mars program.
    Outer Planets and Ocean Worlds.--The Committee appreciates 
that NASA has created an Ocean Worlds Exploration Program whose 
primary goal is to discover extant life using a mix of 
Discovery, New Frontiers and flagship class missions. The 
recommendation includes $527,900,000 for Outer Planets and 
Ocean Worlds, of which $495,000,000 is for the Jupiter Europa 
Clipper and Lander missions to fulfill the requirements of the 
most recent Planetary Science decadal survey. To support 
progress on these programs, NASA shall ensure that future 
funding requests are consistent with achieving a Europa Clipper 
launch no later than 2022 and a Europa Lander launch no later 
than 2024, pending final mission configuration. NASA shall keep 
the Committee informed of the status of the Announcement of 
Opportunity for the Lander to ensure progress toward a 2024 
launch. While the Committee remains very supportive of the 
Europa mission, the Committee also expects that this program 
will meet development milestones on time and within budget.
    Technology.--The recommendation includes $214,900,000 for 
Technology. Within these amounts, no less than $35,000,000 is 
for icy satellites surface technology and test-bed activities 
and no less than $12,000,000 is for the Mars helicopter 
technology demonstration mission that will be flown on the Mars 
2020 mission. The recommendation also includes no less than 
$16,000,000, as requested, for NASA to continue its 
collaboration with the Department of Energy to produce 
plutonium-238 domestically for use as a source of energy in 
space missions.
    Impact craters.--Impact craters in the U.S. that are well 
preserved and accessible provide researchers and educators with 
the opportunity to expand our understanding of the Earth's and 
the Solar System's history and show students research in action 
as a part of their STEM education. NASA is encouraged to make 
funds available for external competitive funding to conduct 
further scientific investigation of well-preserved and easily 
accessible impact craters and provide education and outreach on 
Earth's erosion processes and the scientific method of 
research.
    Asteroid resources.--The Committee remains supportive of 
government and commercial space missions to the Moon, Mars, and 
other locations in the Solar System. Recognizing that the 
identification, extraction, and utilization of natural 
resources found on asteroids are foundational to facilitating 
long-term missions, the Committee directs NASA, in cooperation 
with the domestic commercial space industry, to conduct an 
assessment and submit a report within 180 days of enactment of 
this Act on the utilization of asteroid-based natural resources 
to support U.S. government and commercial space exploration 
missions and timeframes for when such resource extraction could 
possibly occur. This report also shall evaluate the status of 
U.S. development of commercial asteroid resource exploration 
activities, as well as international entities.
    Astrophysics.--The recommendation includes $822,000,000, 
which is $72,000,000 above the enacted level and $5,300,000 
above the request, for Astrophysics. The recommendation 
includes $74,100,000, the requested amount, for Astrophysics 
Research and Analysis. The Committee remains supportive of 
university-led research into protoplanetary discs and nebulae.
    Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA).--
The recommendation includes $85,200,000, the fiscal year 2017 
level, for SOFIA, a state-of-the-art far-infrared observatory 
with a planned 20-year life cycle. NASA shall issue a call for 
fourth generation instrument proposals and select step 1 
instrument proposals on or before September 30, 2018. NASA 
shall keep the Committee informed of the status of these 
activities. In addition, NASA is encouraged to undertake at 
least 100 SOFIA science mission flights during fiscal year 
2018, including both Northern and Southern hemisphere missions, 
as determined by science community demand through 
competitively-selected proposals. When determining future 
observation cycles, NASA shall not undertake any actions 
leading to the premature shutdown of the SOFIA program without 
the participation of international partners, as appropriate, in 
any scientific reviews and formulation of recommendations. 
Consistent with the approach NASA has taken with the Great 
Observatories, NASA shall not undertake any changes that would 
be disruptive to the SOFIA program and the management of its 
operations.
    Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST).--The 
recommendation includes $126,600,000, the requested amount, for 
WFIRST. The Committee is concerned about potential cost growth 
in this program and directs NASA to brief it on the results of 
an independent, external review that NASA initiated in April 
2017 to address the scope of WFIRST to ensure it will provide 
compelling scientific capability with an affordable cost and a 
reliable schedule. NASA shall brief the Committee on the 
results of this independent examination. The Committee expects 
that NASA will ensure that the cost growth experienced by James 
Webb Space Telescope is not repeated in this program. Within 
amounts provided for WFIRST, $20,000,000 is for continued 
development of the Starshade technology demonstration effort. 
The Committee expects WFIRST to accommodate the Starshade 
technology demonstration mission. The Starshade, in tandem with 
WFIRST, will enable NASA to identify the nearest Earth-like 
planet around the nearest star, and thereby identify a target 
or multiple targets for the interstellar mission discussed 
later in this report.
    Astrophysics observatories.--The Committee commends NASA 
for providing the science community with observations of 
astrophysical objects conducted simultaneously over a broad 
range of wavelengths. In anticipation of the forthcoming 
decadal survey, NASA shall provide a report within 180 days of 
the enactment of this Act that summarizes NASA's plans for 
maintaining U.S. leadership in obtaining astrophysical 
observations in the x-ray and gamma-ray wavelengths following 
the completion of the Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Fermi 
Gamma-ray Space Telescope missions.
    Astrophysics probe missions.--NASA shall seek input from 
the National Academy of Sciences and the academic and 
scientific community regarding the need for, and benefits of, 
establishing a competitive, principle investigator-led 
astrophysics program to bridge the gap between Explorer and 
less-frequent Flagship missions. NASA shall provide an interim 
report on these matters within 180 days of enactment of this 
Act, with a final report to be submitted no later than one year 
after enactment of this Act.
    James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).--The recommendation 
includes $533,700,000 for JWST, which is the same as the 
request and $35,700,000 below fiscal year 2017. NASA shall 
provide the Committee with quarterly briefings on JWST's 
technical status, budget and schedule performance, including 
program integration and tests that must be completed prior to 
its October 2018 launch. NASA shall brief the Committee within 
180 days of enactment of this Act regarding the future funding 
profile of the Astrophysics portfolio as JWST concludes 
development.
    Heliophysics.--The recommendation includes $677,900,000 for 
Heliophysics, which is the same as the request.
    Education and Public Outreach (EPO).--The recommendation 
includes $44,000,000 for Science Mission Directorate (SMD)-wide 
EPO activities. NASA shall, in the fiscal year 2018 spending 
plan, allocate these funds proportionally among the SMD 
divisions, resulting in a dedicated budget line for each 
division's EPO activities.

                              AERONAUTICS

    The Committee recommends $660,000,000 for Aeronautics, 
which is the same as fiscal year 2017 and $36,000,000 above the 
request. Funds provided above the request are to ensure that 
NASA has the infrastructure necessary to support the Low Boom 
Flight Demonstrator.
    Low Boom Flight Demonstrator.--Within amounts provided for 
Aeronautics, $79,200,000 is included as requested to continue 
development of the Low Boom Flight Demonstrator. NASA shall 
request sufficient funds in subsequent budgets to build and fly 
the Low Boom Flight Demonstrator as proposed and ensure that 
related infrastructure facilities are sufficient to support 
this demonstration project. Finally, NASA shall ensure that 
research resulting from the Flight Demonstrator is shared with 
the private sector for use in commercial aviation applications.
    Hypersonic Technology Project.--NASA is encouraged to 
continue its fundamental hypersonic research, including its 
Hypersonic Technology Project which supports collaboration with 
other Federal partners to leverage flight test data to support 
research and reduce risk.
    Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) safety.--The recommendation 
includes no less than $118,700,000 for the Airspace Operations 
and Safety Program and directs NASA to help ensure the safe 
integration of UAS into the national airspace system. NASA 
shall brief the Committee on the status of these efforts no 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act.
    Air traffic safety.--NASA is encouraged to coordinate with 
the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and leverage the six 
test ranges established under section 332 of the FAA 
Modernization and Reform Act (Public Law 112-95) to research 
solutions for sense and avoid, command and control, ground 
control station standards and human factors, airworthiness, 
lost link procedures, and interoperability within the air 
traffic control system.

                            SPACE TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee recommends $686,500,000 for Space Technology, 
which is the same as the fiscal year 2017 enacted level and 
$7,900,000 above the request.
    Nuclear thermal propulsion technology.--It is estimated 
that a nuclear thermal propulsion system may reduce the round-
trip transit time to Mars by as much as 20 percent and may 
therefore be beneficial to human space travel. Of the funds 
provided, no less than $35,000,000 shall be for ongoing nuclear 
propulsion activities. NASA shall provide a report within 120 
days of enactment of this Act regarding the status of its 
nuclear thermal propulsion activities and include as part of 
this report yearly funding required and associated milestones 
that must be met in order to conduct a nuclear thermal 
demonstration project by 2020. This report shall include 
amounts spent to date, estimated life cycle costs, and cost and 
transit time comparisons with chemical propulsion systems. 
Finally, this report shall describe how NASA could integrate 
nuclear thermal propulsion into the deep space gateway concept 
or use in broader applications such as interstellar travel.
    Small launch technology platform.--Within the Flight 
Opportunities Program, NASA shall continue to partner with 
commercial industry to advance technologies for sub-orbital and 
orbital launch vehicles for small payloads, with the aim to 
increase affordability of those technologies and to allow for 
more frequent access to relevant launch environments, including 
low-Earth orbit.
    Additive manufacturing.--The Committee continues to be 
supportive of NASA's collaborative research into additive 
manufacturing technology for use in rocket engines and other 
structures and includes no less than $25,000,000 for these 
activities.
    Next generation space propulsion.--The Committee encourages 
NASA, in collaboration with academia and the private sector, to 
establish a research and technology development effort for next 
generation space propulsion technologies. This effort should 
pursue advances in Earth-to-orbit propulsion systems, in-space 
propulsion systems, and propulsion systems for planetary 
ascent/descent vehicles. The Committee expects that this 
technology research and development effort will advance 
technologies needed for nuclear thermal propulsion systems that 
also may be applicable to interstellar travel.
    Interstellar mission.--The Committee directs NASA to ensure 
that the United States is the first nation to launch an 
interstellar mission to the nearest Earth-like planet that 
shows evidence of extant life. The Committee expects that as 
NASA develops a roadmap for humanity's first interstellar 
mission, NASA will stay true to its heritage by being bold and 
pushing the limits of science, engineering and technology 
without being constrained by short-term budget concerns. The 
Committee looks forward to receiving, no later than May, 2018, 
a technology assessment report from NASA, as required by the 
fiscal year 2017 appropriations Act, that includes a draft 
conceptual roadmap for developing an interstellar propulsion 
system that will achieve at least .10 of the speed of light, 
and that will launch no later than July 20, 2069, the 100th 
anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing.
    Current NASA propulsion investments include advancements in 
chemical, solar electric, and nuclear thermal propulsion. 
However, even in their ultimate theoretically achievable 
implementations, none of these could approach cruise velocities 
of one-tenth the speed of light (0.1c), nor could any other 
fission-based approach (including nuclear electric or pulsed 
fission). In developing the propulsion technology assessment 
report, NASA should examine concepts that include, but are not 
limited to: (1) fusion-based propulsion (including antimatter-
catalyzed fusion and the Bussard interstellar ramjet); (2) 
matter-antimatter annihilation reaction propulsion; (3) beamed 
energy propulsion coupled with photon sails; (4) ion or plasma 
propulsion; (5) superconducting magnetic sails; (6) and immense 
`sails' that capture solar photons or solar wind. At the 
present time, none of these are beyond technology readiness 
level (TRL) 1 or 2. The NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts 
(NIAC) program is currently funding concept studies of directed 
energy propulsion for wafer-sized spacecraft that in principle 
could achieve velocities exceeding 0.1c and an electric sail 
that intercepts solar wind protons. Over the past few years 
NIAC has also funded mission-level concept studies of two 
fusion-based propulsion concepts. The interstellar propulsion 
technology assessment report and draft conceptual roadmap 
submitted by NASA to this Committee shall include updates on 
relevant concept studies funded by NIAC and shall include an 
overview of potential advance propulsion concepts for such an 
interstellar mission, including technical challenges, 
technology readiness level assessments, risks, and potential 
near-term milestones and funding requirements.
    The Committee also directs NASA to accelerate work on 
Starshade and WFIRST to ensure that WFIRST is Starshade 
compatible, and that Starshade will launch and be capable of 
working with WFIRST to identify the nearest Earth-like planet 
that shows evidence of extant life. The Committee directs NASA 
to include a section in the interstellar propulsion technology 
report which details NASA's plan to make WFIRST Starshade 
compatible and what size, design and funding requirements are 
necessary for Starshade and WFIRST to resolve the planet from 
the star and spectrographically analyze the atmosphere of rocky 
Earth-like planets in the habitable zones of stable, long-lived 
stars out to a distance of 10 parsecs. NASA is encouraged to 
collaborate with the National Academies of Sciences to create a 
permanent Decadal Survey for Exoplanet Exploration for the next 
decade and beyond, and NASA is directed to follow the 
recommendations of this new Exoplanet Exploration Decadal 
Survey in developing America's long-term plans for systematic 
interstellar exploration missions to Earth-like planets 
harboring life in our galactic neighborhood.
    Restore-L.--Given the substantial cost to design, develop, 
and launch satellites and continued reliance on the data they 
gather, NASA shall ensure that all future satellites, including 
those in formulation, should be maneuverable, re-fuelable and 
otherwise serviceable. The Committee strongly supports Restore-
L and expects NASA to continue developing satellite servicing 
capabilities in collaboration with its public and private 
sector and academic partners.

                              EXPLORATION

    The Committee recommends $4,550,000,000 for Exploration, 
which is $226,000,000 above fiscal year 2017. The Government 
Accountability Office (GAO) shall continue its review of NASA's 
human exploration programs, specifically the Space Launch 
System (SLS) program, the Orion program, and Exploration Ground 
Systems, including integration and software development issues 
that cut across these programs. GAO shall provide periodic 
updates to the Committee.
    Human spaceflight safety.--The Committee reiterates that 
nothing in this report or accompanying Act shall be construed 
as directing NASA to proceed with any human spaceflight unless 
or until NASA has concluded that the mission meets safety 
requirements.
    Schedule slips and cost.--GAO's April 2017 report, NASA 
Human Space Exploration: Delay Likely for First Exploration 
Mission, noted that the ``Orion program--Orion Multi-Purpose 
Crew Vehicle (Orion), Space Launch System (SLS), and 
Exploration Ground Systems (EGS)--are making progress on their 
respective systems, but the EM-1 launch date is likely 
unachievable as technical challenges continue to cause schedule 
delays.'' NASA has since announced that it is moving the target 
launch date for Exploration Mission (EM)-1 from November 2018 
to sometime in 2019. The Committee is concerned with schedule 
slips and expects NASA and its commercial partners to examine 
aggressively all aspects of the program and report to the 
Committee regarding efforts to ensure that EM-1 does not shift 
again. NASA shall submit a report within 120 days of enactment 
of this Act that provides the remaining milestones for Orion, 
SLS, and Exploration Ground Systems and integration activities 
in advance of EM-1 and those that must occur prior to EM-2. 
Further, while the Committee remains supportive of NASA's 
efforts to build an exploration system that is capable of 
sending humans and science payloads into deep space, it is 
imperative that NASA and its commercial partners thoroughly 
examine production costs with the goal of reducing costs for 
EM-1 and future missions. Toward that end, NASA shall submit a 
report within one year of enactment of this Act that provides 
estimated yearly costs of launching SLS with Orion or science 
payloads as envisioned in the deep space gateway concept.
    Orion.--The recommendation includes $1,350,000,000 for 
Orion. GAO, in its May 2017 assessment, noted the late delivery 
of the European Service Module (ESM). NASA shall keep the 
Committee informed of the status of activities related to Orion 
and the ESM.
    Space Launch System.--The recommendation includes 
$2,150,000,000 for SLS, including not less than $300,000,000 
for continued work on the Exploration Upper Stage (EUS). NASA 
shall provide a report within 120 days of enactment of this Act 
describing investments to date on the EUS, a spend plan with 
milestones for the funds provided in fiscal year 2018, and 
funds necessary to complete EUS for use on EM-2 and to develop 
EUS for use on subsequent SLS launches. This report shall also 
include an analysis regarding the most efficient and cost-
effective means of procuring EUSs for use on future SLS 
flights. In addition, NASA shall continue submitting quarterly 
reports on SLS spending by major program element, as first 
required in the statement accompanying Public Law 112-55. 
Finally, the Committee expects NASA to continue the ongoing 
collaboration between the SLS program and the Europa science 
mission to ensure that integration activities, including 
development of the payload fairing, continue in preparation for 
the 2022 launch of the Europa Clipper mission. NASA shall keep 
the Committee informed of these activities. To the maximum 
extent possible, NASA shall ensure that all vehicle development 
leverages existing investments; promotes efficiency through 
commonality of design and concurrent development; and minimizes 
the need for redesigns or other costly changes affecting future 
SLS vehicle configurations.
    Exploration Ground Systems (EGS).--The recommendation 
includes $600,000,000 for EGS. This amount, which is 
$171,000,000 above the fiscal year 2017 level, will enable NASA 
to continue upgrades required to support EM-1, EM-2, and 
subsequent human exploration and science missions.
    Integrated launch readiness.--The recommendation includes 
no less than $66,600,000, as requested, for SLS, Orion and EGS 
integration activities. These funds will address coordination 
issues among the three programs and ensure that they are 
progressing in tandem toward EM-1, EM-2, and future missions, 
including the Europa mission. The Committee is concerned that 
insufficient time is being allotted to fully integrate SLS and 
Orion hardware and software with EGS. NASA shall provide a 
report within 90 days of enactment of this Act describing the 
integration activities and timeframes for those activities that 
need to occur prior to EM-1.
    Exploration Research and Development (R&D;).--The 
recommendation includes $450,000,000 for Exploration R&D.;
    Human Research Program.--The recommendation includes 
$200,000,000 for the Human Research Program. The Committee 
reiterates its support of NASA's collaboration with academia to 
research ways to ameliorate the impacts of space travel on 
humans. NASA shall submit a report within 180 days of enactment 
of this Act describing the activities and accomplishments of 
the newly established NASA Translational Research Institute and 
include a status report on the 27 proposals selected by NASA in 
2016 to support astronaut health on long-duration space 
exploration missions. Commensurate with NASA's deep space 
gateway concept, NASA shall outline in its response the key 
health risks that must be overcome, required risk reduction 
activities, associated milestones and funding necessary in 
order to realize safe long duration human spaceflight into deep 
space.
    Advanced Exploration Systems.--The recommendation includes 
$250,000,000 for Advanced Exploration Systems. The Committee 
urges NASA to continue its work with the private sector and 
academia to develop exploration capabilities such as advanced 
propulsion, habitats and landers that may be used with Orion 
and SLS, and are necessary to enable space and human 
exploration to the Moon, Mars, and other deep space 
destinations.
    Space-based manufacturing.--The Committee recommendation 
includes no less than $25,000,000 to support NASA's ongoing 
space-based additive manufacturing activities to support human, 
robotic, and science exploration missions, enable on-orbit 
resupply and repair, and develop commercial and government 
satellite on-orbit manufacturing activities.
    Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships 
(NextSTEP).--The recommendation includes up to $150,000,000 for 
ongoing development of deep space habitation systems that can 
be deployed and demonstrated in low-Earth orbit by 2020. NASA 
shall provide a report no later than 180 days after enactment 
of this Act regarding the status of the expandable module 
currently operating on the International Space Station (ISS) as 
well as the status of all activity currently underway in this 
program, including progress of the NextSTEP-2 Broad Agency 
Announcement issued in April 2016 to develop habitation 
prototypes and study alternative architecture concepts.
    Lunar lander demonstration.--The Committee remains 
supportive of NASA's ongoing Lunar Cargo Transportation and 
Landing by Soft Touchdown (Lunar CATALYST) initiative with the 
private sector to develop robotic lunar landers that can be 
integrated with U.S. commercial launch capabilities to deliver 
payloads to the lunar surface and provides up to $30,000,000 
for these activities. NASA shall provide a report within 120 
days of enactment of this Act regarding the current status of 
this program.
    Commercial space.--The Committee is encouraged by the 
growth of the U.S. commercial space industry and applauds 
NASA's efforts to maximize the benefits of Federal resources 
through the use of public/private partnerships. Wherever 
practicable, the Committee encourages NASA to prioritize 
partnerships with U.S.-based companies providing exploration 
mission capabilities.

                            SPACE OPERATIONS

    The Committee recommends $4,676,634,000 for Space 
Operations.
    International Space Station.--The Committee continues to 
encourage NASA to implement cost savings measures to slow and 
reduce the ISS operations budget while maximizing research 
opportunities. In particular, the Committee is concerned that 
NASA is not maximizing human research opportunities on the ISS 
that will contribute to advances for improved human health on 
Earth and during deep space exploration missions.
    Commercial Crew.--According to GAO's February 2017 report, 
NASA Commercial Crew program: Schedule Pressure Increases as 
Contractors Delay Key Events, while both SpaceX and Boeing have 
made progress developing their crew transportation systems, 
neither company will meet their original 2017 certification 
dates. The Committee remains concerned by continued slips in 
the program and expects NASA to continue submitting quarterly 
reports on the status of the Commercial Crew Integrated 
Capability and Commercial Crew Transportation Capability 
contracts. NASA also shall provide an assessment no later than 
December 2018, regarding the ability of the contractors to meet 
remaining program milestones and time frames for safely 
launching astronauts from the United States to the ISS.
    Space and Flight Support.--The recommendation includes no 
less than the fiscal year 2017 levels to modernize and upgrade 
both the Wallops Flight Facility (WFF) and Kennedy Space Center 
(KSC) launch and range complexes. The Committee supports 
maintaining launch sites serving the ISS at both the WFF and 
KSC to ensure uninterrupted domestic cargo access to the ISS.
    Commercial cargo.--NASA shall continue to provide quarterly 
updates on the Commercial Resupply Services (CRS)-1 and CRS-2 
contracts and associated milestones. The Committee looks 
forward to the forthcoming Inspector General (IG) report on the 
commercial cargo program.
    Venture Class Launch Services.--The recommendation includes 
up to $25,000,000 to support NASA's Venture Class Launch 
Services initiative, which contracts for CubeSat satellites to 
foster a commercial launch market dedicated to flying small 
satellite payloads. NASA shall keep the Committee informed of 
the two demonstration launches planned for 2018 as well as 
future efforts to maximize this program that will lower costs 
and increase access to space.

                               EDUCATION

    The Committee recommends $90,000,000 for Education, which 
is $10,000,000 below fiscal year 2017 and $52,700,000 above the 
request. The Committee understands that the Office of Education 
is undergoing a series of internal reviews and assessments; 
NASA shall brief the Committee when these assessments are 
concluded. The Committee expects NASA to continue implementing 
the programs below and to ensure that overhead costs to support 
these programs do not exceed five percent.
    National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program.--The 
recommendation includes $40,000,000 for the Space Grant 
program. This amount shall be allocated to State consortia for 
competitively awarded grants in support of local, regional, and 
national STEM needs.
    Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
(EPSCoR).--The recommendation includes $18,000,000 for EPSCoR.
    Minority University Research Education Program (MUREP).--
The recommendation includes $32,000,000 for the MUREP program.

                 SAFETY, SECURITY AND MISSION SERVICES

    The Committee recommends $2,826,200,000 for Safety, 
Security and Mission Services, which is $57,600,000 above 
fiscal year 2017.
    University Affiliated Research Centers (UARCs).--The 
Committee believes that NASA should pursue additional 
partnerships with academia under the UARC model. UARCs, which 
are designed to ensure the development of essential engineering 
and advanced technology capabilities free from real or 
perceived interest, are expected to be at the forefront of 
science and innovation and conduct research that can lead to 
revolutionary and game changing capabilities. UARCs would 
enable NASA to establish a sustainable path for infusing 
advanced technology and science, leverage innovations spurred 
by the commercial space industry, and continue to recruit and 
maintain a highly skilled workforce. NASA shall examine its 
current UARC activities and provide a report to the Committee 
within 180 days of enactment of this Act on how NASA may look 
to establish additional such partnerships.
    Security.--NASA shall continue to submit quarterly reports 
on the agency's progress in implementing the corrective actions 
recommended by the National Academy of Public Administration, 
the GAO and the NASA IG with respect to security compliance 
protocols and foreign national access management. NASA shall 
also include in these reports its progress in meeting the 
Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel 2016 report recommendation that 
``. . . NASA make it a matter of policy that priority is given 
to obtaining the appropriate level of security clearance for 
all personnel essential to implementing the Enterprise 
Protection Program'' . . . Finally, the Committee looks forward 
to receiving an independent assessment of NASA's implementation 
of various security enhancements as directed in House Report 
114-605.
    Bilateral activities.--The recommendation maintains bill 
language directing that NASA, in consultation with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation, shall confirm or otherwise certify 
that NASA bilateral activities with China are in compliance 
with section 529 of this bill.
    Cybersecurity.--The recommendation includes up to 
$72,800,000, as requested, for cybersecurity to accelerate 
personal identity verification compliance, improve the 
detection and response to malicious activity, and to develop 
and deploy information technology portfolio tools and 
processes. NASA shall provide a report to the Committee within 
180 days of enactment of this Act that addresses the 
deficiencies included in the NASA IG Final Memorandum, Federal 
Information Security Modernization Act: Fiscal Year 2016 
Evaluation (IG-17-002; A-16-009-00) and other relevant GAO and 
IG reports on cybersecurity and include as part of this report 
timeframes for addressing each of the deficiencies noted.
    GAO assessments of large-scale projects.--NASA shall 
continue to cooperate fully and provide timely information to 
the GAO so that it may fulfill its congressional mandate to 
report on the status of large-scale projects at NASA. Such 
information includes, but is not limited to, copies of 
preliminary cost estimates; access to online agency 
applications, databases, and web portals; and access to 
contractor and agency personnel. These assessments shall 
include any technology demonstration activities or 
communications and tracking services and related infrastructure 
refreshment activities which have life cycle costs that exceed 
$250,000,000.
    Cost breach reporting.--NASA shall submit to the Committee 
any notifications and reports on cost overruns required by 
section 103 of the NASA Authorization Act of 2005, Public Law 
109-155.
    Property disposal.--The Committee notes that it is awaiting 
a report required by the fiscal year 2017 appropriations Act 
regarding the sale or disposal of real and personal property.
    Working Capital Fund (WCF) reporting.--NASA shall continue 
to submit quarterly reports to the Committee on the 
expenditures and unobligated balances of NASA's WCF.
    Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V;).--The 
recommendation includes no less than the fiscal year 2017 
operating level for the IV&V; program. If necessary, NASA shall 
fund additional IV&V; activities from within the mission 
directorates that make use of IV&V; services.
    Quality control.--Given the results of the March 29, 2017, 
NASA IG audit, NASA's Parts Quality Control Process, which 
found that NASA Centers generally manage their parts quality 
and supplier assessment data unilaterally rather than 
collaborating through a comprehensive, integrated, Agency-wide 
parts and supplier information system, the Committee encourages 
NASA to examine the need for a quality management policy, to 
include the need to require contractors and suppliers to adopt 
electronic quality management platforms.

       CONSTRUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND RESTORATION

    The Committee recommends $486,100,000 for Construction and 
Environmental Compliance and Restoration, which is $125,400,000 
above fiscal year 2017.
    Reimbursable agreements.--NASA shall submit a report within 
120 days of enactment of this Act that lists reimbursements 
each NASA Center has received from government or private sector 
partners since fiscal year 2015.
    Long-term infrastructure plan.--NASA shall provide a report 
within 120 days of enactment of this Act that includes a list 
of maintenance and repair projects for each NASA Center, as 
well as new construction projects planned for those Centers 
satisfactorily implementing repair-by-replacement facility 
master plans. For these potential new construction projects, 
NASA shall note the intended construction standard, e.g. LEED 
level, and include separate costs associated with construction 
and expected savings as a result of new building construction.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $37,900,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General, which is the same as fiscal year 2017.

                       ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

    The Committee has included the following administrative 
provisions for NASA:
    The bill includes a provision that makes funds for any 
announced prize available without fiscal year limitation until 
the prize is claimed or the offer is withdrawn.
    The bill includes a provision that establishes terms and 
conditions for the transfer of funds.
    The bill includes a provision that requires NASA to submit 
its agency spending plan at the activity level and subjects 
both the spending plan and specified changes to that plan to 
reprogramming procedures under section 505 of this Act.

                      National Science Foundation

    The Committee commends the National Science Foundation 
(NSF) and its academic partners for the January 2017, detection 
of gravitational waves from the merger of two black holes some 
3 billion light years away from Earth using the twin Laser 
Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors. 
The Committee supports infrastructure investments such as these 
that expand our understanding of the universe and inspire 
students to pursue careers in the sciences. The Committee 
recognizes that current and future large scientific facilities 
represent an enormous investment of Federal resources that must 
be administered wisely. Within amounts provided, NSF shall 
allocate no less than fiscal year 2017 levels to support its 
existing research laboratories, observational networks, and 
other research infrastructure assets, including the astronomy 
assets, the current academic research fleet including global 
class vessels with unique seismic capabilities, Federally 
funded research and development centers, and the national high 
performance computing centers, so they may provide the support 
needed for cutting edge research.

                    RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $6,033,645,000 for Research and 
Related Activities, which is equal to fiscal year 2017 and 
$671,995,000 above the request.
    The Committee does not adopt the Administration's proposal 
to reduce Research and Related Activities. The Committee 
believes that strategic investments in the physical science 
areas are vitally important for the United States to remain the 
global leader in innovation, productivity, economic growth, and 
good-paying jobs for the future.
    Ocean Exploration.--NSF is encouraged to expand support for 
the National Deep Submergence Facility's remotely-operated 
vehicle operations for open sourced telepresence discovery-
based research and education expeditions.
    Neuroscience research.--The Committee continues to support 
funding for neuroscience research.
    Fire research.--The Committee recognizes the significant 
impact that fire has on numerous industries in the United 
States, including the aerospace, manufacturing and agriculture 
sectors. Improving the scientific understanding of fire will 
support key industries as well as improve our ability to 
safeguard property and lives. The Committee encourages NSF to 
examine its current portfolio of fire research to ensure that 
it is adequately addressing this area.
    Abstracts and the national interest.--The Committee 
underscores the American Innovation and Competitiveness Act 
(Public Law 114-329), which directs NSF to issue and 
periodically update, as appropriate, policy guidance for both 
Foundation staff and other Foundation merit review process 
participants on the importance of transparency and 
accountability to the outcomes made through the merit review 
process. Further, this law directs that each public notice of a 
Foundation-funded research project justify the expenditure of 
Federal funds by describing how the project reflects the 
statutory mission of the Foundation, as established in the 
National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1861 et 
seq.); addresses the Foundation's intellectual merit and 
broader impacts criteria; and clearly identifies the research 
goals of the project in a manner that can be easily understood 
by both technical and non-technical audiences. Further, this 
legislation directs NSF to apply a broader impacts review 
criterion to identify and demonstrate project support of the 
following goals: increasing the economic competitiveness of the 
United States; advancing of the health and welfare of the 
American public; supporting the national defense of the United 
States; enhancing partnerships between academia and industry in 
the United States; developing an American STEM workforce that 
is globally competitive through improved pre-kindergarten 
through grade 12 STEM education and teacher development, and 
improved undergraduate STEM education and instruction; 
improving public scientific literacy and engagement with 
science and technology in the United States; or expanding 
participation of women and individuals from underrepresented 
groups in STEM.
    Experimental Program To Stimulate Competitive Research 
(EPSCoR).--Within amounts provided, $170,690,000 is for EPSCoR.
    Astronomy assets.--The Committee underscores that a 
critical component of the nation's scientific enterprise is the 
infrastructure that supports researchers in discovery science, 
including planetary protection. Investments to advance the 
frontiers of research and education in science and engineering 
are critical to the nation's innovation enterprise. U.S.-based 
astronomy facilities continue to make groundbreaking 
discoveries and maintain excellent world-class scientific 
research. The Committee expects NSF to sustain support for the 
programs and scientific facilities funded by the Astronomical 
Sciences Division at no less than the fiscal year 2017 levels 
to maintain full scientific and educational operations. NSF 
shall not implement any final divestment of infrastructure tied 
to the findings of its 2012 Astronomical Sciences Portfolio 
Review without first reporting such actions to the Committee. 
Further, any such actions shall be carried out in accordance 
with relevant reprogramming requirements and new language 
directing Committee notification prior to disposal of assets. 
The Committee is aware that NSF is working with Federal, 
academic and private sector partners to develop plans to share 
future operations and maintenance costs of NSF astronomical 
infrastructure. NSF shall keep the Committee informed of these 
activities.
    Computer Information Science and Engineering (CISE).--The 
Committee supports CISE efforts to work with the Division of 
Research on Learning in Formal and Informal Settings within 
Education and Human Resources to build on current efforts to 
support computer science education in Pre-K-12 classrooms.
    International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP).--The 
recommendation provides $48,000,000, as requested, for the 
IODP. The Committee notes that in addition to this funding, the 
IODP program derives funding from international and/or industry 
partners to maximize operation time on the JOIDES Resolution 
ocean research vessel. The Committee supports the goal of 
operating five research missions a year on the JOIDES 
Resolution.
    Marine seismic research.--NSF-funded marine research 
vessels with unique seismic capabilities are used by the 
academic community to provide images of the Earth's structure 
miles below the seafloor and support a variety of important 
undersea research efforts. The Committee encourages NSF and its 
academic partners to ensure that the academic marine geology 
and geophysics community can continue to have access to NSF-
funded marine seismic research vessel capabilities.
    Indirect costs.--In testimony delivered in May 2017, 
Preliminary Observations on Indirect Costs for Research (GAO-
17-576T), GAO provided its preliminary review of trends in 
indirect costs for NSF's research and education awards and its 
process for setting indirect cost rates. The Committee directs 
NSF to address GAO's preliminary findings from its interim 
assessment as well as any recommendations that are made in 
GAO's final report and provide a report within 120 days of 
enactment of this Act on NSF's progress in implementing any GAO 
recommendations regarding indirect costs for research; the 
reasons for the increase in indirect costs as a percentage of 
annual award funding since 2010; and the variation in budgeted 
indirect costs across different types of NSF research and 
education awards.

          MAJOR RESEARCH EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $77,800,000 for Major Research 
Equipment and Facilities Construction (MREFC).
    Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST).--The recommendation 
includes $57,800,000, the requested amount, for LSST. LSST, 
which was ranked as the top large ground-based astronomy 
project by the National Research Council 2010 Decadal Survey, 
will produce the deepest, widest-field sky image ever, and 
issue alerts for moving and transient objects within 60 seconds 
of discovery. NSF shall provide quarterly briefings to the 
Committee on the status of LSST, to include updates on 
resolution of issues identified by the NSF IG.
    Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope (DKIST).--The 
recommendation includes the requested amount of $20,000,000 for 
DKIST, which when complete will be the most powerful solar 
observatory. NSF shall provide quarterly briefings to the 
Committee on the status of DKIST, to include updates on 
resolution of issues identified by the NSF IG.
    Antarctic program.--The recommendation fully funds the 
requested amount for the Antarctic Infrastructure Modernization 
for Science program which follows recommendations for increased 
efficiencies included in the U.S. Antarctic Program Blue Ribbon 
Panel report, More and Better Science in Antarctica through 
Increased Logistical Effectiveness.

                     EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES

    The Committee recommends $880,000,000 for Education and 
Human Resources (EHR), which is the same as fiscal year 2017 
and $119,450,000 above the request.
    STEM-focused K-12 schools.--The Committee notes that prior 
National Research Council and National Science Board reports 
have encouraged education researchers and policymakers to give 
increased consideration to STEM-focused K-12 schools as an 
effective means of increasing STEM literacy. With those reports 
in mind, the Committee encourages NSF to work within its 
existing programs to promote opportunities for collaboration 
between universities or non-profit research institutions and 
STEM-focused schools serving K-12 students.
    Advanced Technological Education (ATE).--The recommendation 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2017 level for the ATE 
program.
    STEM education.--NSF shall continue to award competitive, 
merit-reviewed grants to support STEM education as authorized 
by the STEM Education Act of 2015 (Public Law 114-59).
    Broadening participation programs.--To broaden the 
participation of underrepresented populations in STEM education 
programs and, ultimately, the STEM workforce, the 
recommendation provides no less than $35,000,000 for the 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities Undergraduate 
Program; $46,000,000 for the Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority 
Participation; $36,530,000 for the Robert Noyce Teacher 
Scholarship Program; and $14,000,000 for the Tribal Colleges 
and Universities Program. NSF is also encouraged to coordinate 
with youth-serving institutions focused on underserved 
populations. In addition, over the past several years, this 
Committee has encouraged NSF to create a program within EHR to 
focus on Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs). Such a program 
was authorized by section 7033 of the America COMPETES Act 
(Public Law 110-69). The Committee reminds NSF that language 
was included in Public Law 115-31, the fiscal year 2017 
appropriations Act, directing NSF to establish such an HSI 
program at no less than $15,000,000. The Committee provides the 
same level of funding for fiscal year 2018 and encourages NSF 
to use this program to build capacity at institutions of higher 
education that typically do not receive high levels of NSF 
funding. NSF shall provide a report on this program no later 
than 120 days after enactment of this Act that demonstrates 
such an investment no later than September 30, 2018.
    Innovation Corps.--The recommendation includes no less than 
the fiscal year 2017 level for the NSF Innovation Corps program 
to support new and existing I-Corps Teams, Sites, and Nodes.
    Cybersecurity Research.--The Committee encourages NSF to 
form partnerships with Hispanic Serving Institutions and 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities with respect to 
cybersecurity research.

                 AGENCY OPERATIONS AND AWARD MANAGEMENT

    The Committee recommends $328,510,000 for Agency Operations 
and Award Management, which is $1,490,000 below fiscal year 
2017 and the same as the request.

                  OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD

    The Committee recommends $4,370,000, which is the same as 
fiscal year 2017 and the same as the request, for the National 
Science Board.
    Infrastructure.--The Committee is supportive of recent 
actions to lower the MREFC threshold but encourages the 
National Science Board to consider further changes that would 
bridge the gap between the Major Research Instrumentation 
program and the MREFC account while also developing processes 
appropriate for mid-scale infrastructure, cyberinfrastructure, 
and instrument upgrades to be funded through the MREFC account. 
The Board shall, in collaboration with the National Academies, 
examine these requirements and report to the Committee within 
180 days after enactment of this Act regarding its 
recommendations on how to address this matter within the 
confines of a restricted funding environment.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $15,200,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General, which is the same as fiscal year 2017.

                       ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The bill includes a provision that establishes thresholds 
for the transfer of funds.
    The bill includes a new provision regarding notification 
prior to acquisition or disposal of certain assets.

                                TITLE IV


                            RELATED AGENCIES


                       Commission on Civil Rights


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $9,183,000 for the Commission on 
Civil Rights, which is $17,000 below fiscal year 2017 and the 
same as the request.
    Prioritizing completion of the report titled `A Quiet 
Crisis'.--The Committee expects the Commission to prioritize 
updating their 2003 report entitled ``A Quiet Crisis: Federal 
Funding and Unmet Needs in Indian Country''.

                Equal Employment Opportunity Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $363,807,000 for the Equal 
Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which is $693,000 
below fiscal year 2017 and the same as the request.
    Backlog reduction.--The Committee expects the EEOC to 
prioritize inventory reduction rather than allocate resources 
for systematic changes in which no complaint was filed by an 
actual/former employee or applicant. EEOC shall provide an 
annual report on the backlog, to include data on the number and 
pendency of charges, on any changes to EEOC's priority charge 
handling procedures, and the effect of such changes on 
inventory reduction.
    Conciliation.--The Committee is concerned with the EEOC's 
pursuit of litigation absent good faith conciliation efforts. 
The Committee directs the EEOC to engage in such efforts before 
undertaking litigation.
    State and Local Enforcement Assistance.--The Committee 
recommends up to $29,500,000 to assist State and local 
enforcement agencies. The Committee continues to believe that 
none of these funds should be used for tester programs.

                     International Trade Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $92,500,000 for the International 
Trade Commission (ITC), which is $1,000,000 above fiscal year 
2017 and $4,885,000 above the request.
    Cybersecurity.--ITC handles sensitive and proprietary data 
and therefore is a potential target for cyber attacks. The 
Committee expects ITC to prioritize efforts to improve its 
cybersecurity posture. The Committee also encourages ITC to 
work with other relevant Federal agencies to inform its 
actions.

                       Legal Services Corporation


               PAYMENT TO THE LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The Committee recommends $300,000,000 for the Legal 
Services Corporation (LSC), which is $85,000,000 below fiscal 
year 2017 and $267,000,000 above the request.

          ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION--LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The bill continues restrictions on the uses of LSC funding. 
None of the funds appropriated in this Act to the LSC shall be 
expended for any purpose prohibited or limited by, or contrary 
to any of the provisions of, sections 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 
and 506 of Public Law 105-119, and all funds appropriated in 
this Act to the LSC shall be subject to the same terms and 
conditions set forth in such sections, except that all 
references in sections 502 and 503 to 1997 and 1998 shall be 
deemed to refer instead to 2017 and 2018, respectively.
    Unauthorized uses of funds.--The Inspector General (IG) of 
the LSC is encouraged to conduct annual audits of LSC grantees 
to ensure that funds are not used in contravention of the 
restrictions on engaging in political activities, representing 
illegal immigrants, or any of the other restrictions by which 
LSC grantees are required to abide. The Committee recommends 
the removal of funds from any LSC grantee determined by the IG 
to have engaged in unauthorized activity.

                        Marine Mammal Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $3,431,000 for the Marine Mammal 
Commission, which is the same as fiscal year 2017 and $982,000 
above the request.

            Office of the United States Trade Representative

    The Committee recommends $68,000,000 for the Office of the 
U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), which is $6,000,000 above 
fiscal year 2017 and $10,400,000 above the request.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $53,000,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of USTR, which is $9,000,000 below fiscal year 2017 
and $4,600,000 below the request.
    China.--The Committee expects that USTR will coordinate and 
implement a comprehensive and vigorous strategy to address the 
United States' trade imbalance with China. Within the amounts 
provided, the USTR is encouraged to maintain staff who can 
translate trade documents that USTR receives from China. The 
Committee believes that USTR should have its own translators on 
staff given the challenges associated with enforcing existing 
U.S. trade laws with China.
    U.S.-India bilateral trade and investment.--The Committee 
notes the importance of U.S.-India bilateral trade and 
investment. However, the Committee is concerned that India, 
while striving to improve its economic growth, has been 
enacting a series of policies to increase domestic 
manufacturing and protect domestic industries and agricultural 
production that discriminate against U.S. exports and 
investment. The Committee is concerned about the standards of 
intellectual property protection and forced localization 
measures, as well as the unfair treatment by India of U.S. 
exports of American-produced boric acid, the illegal rebranding 
and smuggling of U.S.-grown almonds into India, and a whole 
host of other market access issues. The Committee understands 
the Trade Representative has raised these unfair barriers to 
trade multiple times with the Indian government and supports 
the efforts of USTR to resolve these issues.
    Free trade agreements.--The Committee directs USTR to 
continue to pursue free trade agreements with additional 
countries and trading blocs to continue advancing trade to and 
from the United States.

                      TRADE ENFORCEMENT TRUST FUND

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $15,000,000, which is to be 
derived from the Trade Enforcement Trust Fund, for trade 
enforcement activities authorized by the Trade Facilitation and 
Trade Enforcement Act of 2015. No funds were requested from 
this Fund.

                        State Justice Institute


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $5,111,000 for the State Justice 
Institute, which is $10,000 less than fiscal year 2017 and same 
as the request.

                                TITLE V


                           GENERAL PROVISIONS


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

                        (INCLUDING RESCISSIONS)

    Section 501 prohibits the use of funds for publicity or 
propaganda purposes unless expressly authorized by law.
    Section 502 prohibits any appropriation contained in this 
Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless expressly authorized.
    Section 503 provides that the expenditure of any 
appropriation contained in this Act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 504 provides that if any provision of this Act or 
the application of such provision to any person or circumstance 
shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the 
application of other provisions shall not be affected.
    Section 505 prohibits a reprogramming of funds that: (1) 
creates or initiates a new program, project, or activity; (2) 
eliminates a program, project, or activity; (3) increases funds 
or personnel by any means for any project or activity for which 
funds have been denied or restricted; (4) relocates an office 
or employees; (5) reorganizes or renames offices, programs, or 
activities; (6) contracts out or privatizes any function or 
activity presently performed by Federal employees; (7) augments 
funds for existing programs, projects, or activities in excess 
of $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, or reduces by 10 
percent funding for any program, project, or activity, or 
numbers of personnel by 10 percent; or (8) results from any 
general savings, including savings from a reduction in 
personnel, which would result in a change in existing programs, 
activities, or projects as approved by Congress, unless the 
House and Senate Committees on Appropriations are notified 15 
days in advance of such reprogramming of funds.
    Section 506 provides that if it is determined that any 
person intentionally affixes a ``Made in America'' label to any 
product that was not made in America that person shall not be 
eligible to receive any contract or subcontract made with funds 
made available in this Act. The section further provides that 
to the extent practicable, with respect to purchases of 
promotional items, funds made available under this Act shall be 
used to purchase items manufactured, produced, or assembled in 
the United States or its territories or possessions.
    Section 507 requires quarterly reporting to Congress on the 
status of balances of appropriations.
    Section 508 provides that any costs incurred by a 
department or agency funded under this Act resulting from, or 
to prevent, personnel actions taken in response to funding 
reductions in this Act, or, for the Department of Commerce, 
from actions taken for the care and protection of loan 
collateral or grant property, shall be absorbed within the 
budgetary resources available to the department or agency, and 
provides transfer authority between appropriation accounts to 
carry out this provision, subject to reprogramming procedures.
    Section 509 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco 
products or to seek the reduction or removal of foreign 
restrictions on the marketing of tobacco products, except for 
restrictions which are not applied equally to all tobacco or 
tobacco products of the same type. This provision is not 
intended to impact routine international trade services to all 
U.S. citizens, including the processing of applications to 
establish foreign trade zones.
    Section 510 limits the obligation of receipts deposited 
into the Crime Victims Fund to $4,632,000,000 during fiscal 
year 2018. The language also provides for a tribal set-aside.
    Section 511 prohibits the use of Department of Justice 
funds for programs that discriminate against or denigrate the 
religious or moral beliefs of students participating in such 
programs. This provision was requested by the President and has 
been included in the bill since 1999.
    Section 512 prohibits the transfer of funds made available 
in this Act to any department, agency or instrumentality of the 
United States Government, except for transfers made by, or 
pursuant to authorities provided in, this Act or any other 
appropriations Act.
    Section 513 provides that funds provided in this Act for E 
Government Initiatives shall be subject to the procedures set 
forth in section 505 of this Act.
    Section 514 prohibits funds for acquisition of certain 
information systems unless the acquiring department or agency 
has reviewed and assessed certain risks. Any acquisition of 
such an information system is contingent upon the development 
of a risk mitigation strategy and a determination that the 
acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section shall consult with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other relevant agencies when 
reviewing supply chain risks and making a determination that 
the acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section is directed to ensure it is 
following the criteria established by the FBI and the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology when acquiring or 
renewing certain information systems. Each department or agency 
covered under this section shall submit a quarterly report to 
the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate 
describing reviews and assessments of risk made pursuant to 
this section and any associated findings or determinations.
    Section 515 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to support or justify the use of torture by any 
official or contract employee of the United States Government.
    Section 516 permanently prohibits the use of funds to 
require certain export licenses.
    Section 517 permanently prohibits the use of funds to deny 
certain import applications regarding ``curios or relics'' 
firearms, parts, or ammunition.
    Section 518 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to include certain language in trade agreements.
    Section 519 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to authorize or issue a national security letter (NSL) 
in contravention of certain laws authorizing the Federal Bureau 
of Investigation to issue NSLs.
    Section 520 requires congressional notification regarding 
any project within the Departments of Commerce or Justice, the 
National Science Foundation or the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration totaling more than $75,000,000 that has 
cost increases of 10 percent or more.
    Section 521 deems funds for intelligence or intelligence 
related activities as authorized by Congress during fiscal year 
2018 until the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
for fiscal year 2018.
    Section 522 prohibits contracts or grant awards in excess 
of $5,000,000 unless the prospective contractor or grantee 
certifies that the organization has filed all Federal tax 
returns, has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and has no unpaid Federal tax 
assessment.

                             (RESCISSIONS)

    Section 523 provides for rescissions of unobligated 
balances from the Departments of Commerce and Justice.
    Section 524 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act for the purchase of first class or premium air travel 
in contravention of certain Federal travel regulations.
    Section 525 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to pay for the attendance of more than 50 department 
or agency employees, who are stationed in the United States, at 
any single conference outside the United States, unless the 
conference is a law enforcement training or operational event 
where the majority of Federal attendees are law enforcement 
personnel stationed outside the United States.
    Section 526 prohibits the use of funds in this or any other 
Act for the transfer or release of certain individuals detained 
at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to or 
within the United States, its territories, or possessions.
    Section 527 prohibits the use of funds in this or any other 
Act to construct, acquire, or modify any facility in the United 
States, its territories, or possessions to house certain 
individuals who, as of June 24, 2009, were located at United 
States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, for the purposes of 
detention or imprisonment in the custody or control of the 
Department of Defense.
    Section 528 requires tracking and reporting of undisbursed 
balances in expired grant accounts.
    Section 529 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
(NASA) or the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) to 
engage in bilateral activities with China or a Chinese-owned 
company unless the activities are authorized by subsequent 
legislation or NASA or OSTP after consultation with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation have made a certification pursuant to 
subsections (c) and (d) of this section.
    Section 530 permanently prohibits funds from being used to 
deny the importation of shotgun models if no application for 
the importation of such models, in the same configuration, had 
been denied prior to January 1, 2011, on the basis that the 
shotgun was not particularly suitable for or readily adaptable 
to sporting purposes.
    Section 531 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to establish or maintain a computer network that does 
not block pornography, except for law enforcement or victim 
assistance purposes.
    Section 532 requires each department and agency funded in 
the bill to submit spending plans.
    Section 533 prohibits funds made available by this Act to 
implement the Arms Trade Treaty until the Senate approves a 
resolution of ratification.
    Section 534 requires a quarterly report from the Department 
of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
and the National Science Foundation on official travel to 
China.
    Section 535 requires not less than 10 percent of the funds 
provided for certain programs be provided to persistent poverty 
counties.
    Section 536 prohibits funds to approve the registration, 
renewal, or maintenance of the registration of a mark, trade 
mark, trade name, or commercial name when the mark, trade mark, 
trade name, or commercial name was unlawfully confiscated in 
Cuba.
    Section 537 prohibits funds from being used to require a 
person licensed under section 923 of title 18, United States 
Code, to report information to the Department of Justice 
regarding the sale of multiple rifles or shotguns to the same 
person.
    Section 538 allows States to bring a civil action against 
the United States to restore the sovereignty reserved to the 
States by the Constitution.
    Section 539 prohibits funds to move a Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives facility.
    Section 540 prohibits funds to enter into a civil 
settlement agreement on behalf of the United States that 
includes certain donations.
    Section 541 prohibits funds for implementing or enforcing 
the designation of critical habitat for Atlantic Sturgeon in 
the Chesapeake Bay watershed.
    Section 542 prohibits funds for the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Commission for collection of information as set 
forth in the notice published July 14, 2016.

                       SPENDING REDUCTION ACCOUNT

    Section 543 establishes a Spending Reduction Account.

            HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

    The following materials are submitted in accordance with 
various requirements of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives:

                          Full Committee Votes



         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is a statement of 
general performance goals and objectives for which this measure 
authorizes funding: The Committee on Appropriations considers 
program performance, including a program's success in 
developing and attaining outcome-related goals and objectives, 
in developing funding recommendations.

                          Rescission of Funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following table is submitted 
describing the rescissions recommended in the accompanying 
bill:

 
 
 
Department of Commerce
    Economic Development Assistance Programs..........       $47,000,000
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,          20,000,000
     Operations, Research, and Facilities.............
Department of Justice
    Working Capital Fund..............................       409,834,000
    Legal Activities, Assets Forfeiture Fund..........       304,000,000
    Federal Bureau of Investigation, Fees.............       195,000,000
    Federal Bureau of Investigation, Salaries and             53,365,000
     Expenses.........................................
    State and Local Law Enforcement
        Assistance Office on Violence Against Women,          17,500,000
         Violence Against Women Prevention and
         Prosecution Programs.........................
        Office of Justice Programs....................        60,000,000
        Community Oriented Policing Services..........        17,500,000
 

                           Transfers of Funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is submitted describing 
the transfers of funds provided in the accompanying bill:
    In title I, under Bureau of the Census, Periodic Censuses 
and Programs, language is included to transfer funds to the 
Department of Commerce, Office of Inspector General.
    Under U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included to transfer funds to the Civil 
Service Retirement and Disability Fund, the Federal Employees 
Health Benefit Fund, the Federal Employees Group Life Insurance 
Fund, and the Department of Commerce, Office of Inspector 
General.
    Under National Institute of Standards and Technology, 
Scientific and Technical Research and Services, language is 
included allowing for transfers to the Working Capital Fund.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Operations, Research, and Facilities, language is included to 
transfer funds from the Promote and Develop Fishery Products 
and Research Pertaining to American Fisheries fund.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction, language is 
included to transfer funds to the Department of Commerce, 
Office of the Inspector General.
    Under Renovation and Modernization, language is included 
allowing for the transfer of funds.
    Section 103 provides for the transfer of funds between 
Department of Commerce appropriations in certain circumstances.
    In title II, under General Administration, Justice 
Information Sharing Technology, language is included allowing 
for the transfer of funds.
    Under General Administration, Executive Office for 
Immigration Review, language is included to transfer funds to 
the Executive Office for Immigration Review from fees deposited 
in the Immigration Examinations Fee account.
    Under Legal Activities, Salaries and Expenses, Community 
Relations Service, language is included allowing for the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under United States Marshals Service, Federal Prisoner 
Detention, language is included transferring available 
unobligated balances from General Administration, Detention 
Trustee to this account.
    Under National Security Division, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included allowing for the transfer of funds in 
certain circumstances.
    Under Federal Prison System, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included to allow the transfer of funds to the 
Department of Health and Human Services.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Office on 
Violence Against Women, Violence Against Women Prevention and 
Prosecution Programs, language is included to allow the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Public 
Safety Officer Benefits, language is included to allow the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Community 
Oriented Policing Services, Community Oriented Policing 
Services Programs, language is included transferring funds to 
the Drug Enforcement Administration.
    Section 205 provides language for the transfer of funds 
between Department of Justice appropriations in certain 
circumstances.
    Section 212 provides language for the transfer of funds 
between certain grant funds and the National Institute of 
Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
    Section 213 provides language for the transfer of funds 
between certain grant funds for tribal criminal justice 
assistance.
    In title III, under National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, Administrative Provisions, language is included 
allowing for the transfer of funds among appropriations.
    Under National Science Foundation, Administrative 
Provisions, language is included allowing for the transfer of 
funds among appropriations.
    Under United States Trade Representative, Trade Enforcement 
Trust Fund, language is included providing for the transfer of 
funds.
    Under General Provisions, Section 508 provides for the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances, and Section 523 
provides for transfers into the Department of Justice Working 
Capital Fund.

   Disclosure of Earmarks and Congressionally Directed Spending Items

    Neither the bill nor the report contain any Congressional 
earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as 
defined in clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives.

          Compliance With Rule XIII, CL. 3(e) (Ramseyer Rule)

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee notes that the 
accompanying bill does not propose to repeal or amend a statute 
or part thereof.

               Changes in the Application of Existing Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(A) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following statements are 
submitted describing the effect of provisions in the 
accompanying bill which directly or indirectly change the 
application of existing law.
    Language is included for a number of accounts placing 
limitations on representation and reception allowances in order 
to restrict the amount of money that would otherwise be spent 
on these activities. The bill also provides that a number of 
appropriations shall remain available for obligation beyond the 
current fiscal year. While these provisions are not 
specifically authorized for all of the items, it is deemed 
desirable to include such language for certain programs in 
order to provide for orderly administration and effective use 
of funds.
    In title I, Department of Commerce, under International 
Trade Administration, Operations and Administration, language 
is included providing that funds may be used for engaging in 
trade promotion activities abroad, including expenses of grants 
and cooperative agreements, for the purposes of promoting 
exports of U.S. firms. Language is also provided allowing for 
full medical coverage for dependent members of immediate 
families of employees stationed overseas and employees 
temporarily posted overseas; travel and transportation of 
employees of the International Trade Administration; employment 
of Americans and aliens by contract for services; rental of 
space abroad and expenses of alteration, repair, or 
improvement; purchase or construction of temporary demountable 
exhibition structures for use abroad; and payment of tort 
claims. In addition, language is included regarding official 
representation expenses abroad, purchase of passenger motor 
vehicles for official use abroad, obtaining insurance on 
official motor vehicles, and rental of tie lines. Language is 
also recommended deriving a portion of available funds from 
fees. Furthermore, language is included designating funding for 
China antidumping and countervailing duty enforcement and 
compliance activities. Moreover, language is included providing 
for two-year availability of funds. Finally, language is 
included regarding the contributions under the Mutual 
Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961.
    Under Bureau of Industry and Security, Operations and 
Administration, the language provides for no-year availability 
of funds. Language is included regarding the costs associated 
with the performance of export administration field activities 
both domestically and abroad; full medical coverage for 
dependent members of immediate families of employees stationed 
overseas; employment of Americans and aliens by contract for 
services abroad; payment of tort claims; official 
representation expenses abroad; awards of compensation to 
informers; and purchase of passenger motor vehicles for 
official use and motor vehicles for law enforcement use without 
regard to any price limitation established by law. In addition, 
language is included regarding the Mutual Educational and 
Cultural Exchange Act of 1961. Finally, language is recommended 
providing that payments and contributions collected and 
accepted for materials or services may be retained for use in 
covering the cost of those activities and other communications.
    Under Economic Development Administration, Economic 
Development Assistance Programs, the language provides for no-
year availability of funds.
    Also, under Salaries and Expenses, language is included 
regarding the monitoring of approved projects.
    Under Minority Business Development Agency, Minority 
Business Development, language is included making funds 
available for fostering, promoting, and developing minority 
business enterprises, including expenses of grants, contracts 
and other agreements.
    Under Bureau of Economic Analysis, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included providing for two-year availability of 
funds.
    Under Bureau of the Census, Current Surveys and Programs, 
language is included providing that funds may be used for 
collecting, compiling, analyzing, preparing and publishing 
statistics and for promotion, outreach and marketing 
activities. Language is also included requiring the collection 
of certain data in a certain survey.
    Also, under Periodic Censuses and Programs, language is 
included providing two-year availability of funds. Language is 
also included providing that funds may be used for collecting, 
compiling, analyzing, preparing and publishing statistics and 
for promotion, outreach and marketing activities. In addition, 
language is included providing for a transfer to the ``Office 
of Inspector General'' account for activities associated with 
carrying out investigations and audits related to the Bureau of 
the Census. Finally, language is included withholding funds for 
certain Census information technology projects until the Bureau 
submits an expenditure plan.
    Under National Telecommunications and Information 
Administration (NTIA), Salaries and Expenses, language is 
included permitting the Secretary of Commerce to charge Federal 
agencies for costs in spectrum management, analysis, 
operations, and related services; and to use such collections 
in telecommunications research. The language also allows the 
Secretary to retain and use as offsetting collections all funds 
transferred, or previously transferred for telecommunications 
research, engineering and activities by the Institute for 
Telecommunication Sciences of NTIA. Finally, language is 
included providing that funds so transferred shall remain 
available until expended.
    Also, under Public Telecommunications Facilities, Planning 
and Construction, language is included allowing recoveries and 
unobligated balances of funds previously appropriated to be 
available for the administration of all open grants until their 
expiration.
    Under United States Patent and Trademark Office, Salaries 
and Expenses, language is included providing that appropriated 
funds be reduced as offsetting collections are assessed and 
collected. Language is including making funds available until 
expended and providing that funds received in excess of 
appropriations be deposited in a Patent and Trademark Fee 
Reserve fund, to be available until expended pursuant to the 
Director submitting a spending plan subject to section 505 of 
this Act, after which the funds shall be transferred to the 
Salaries and Expenses account. In addition, language is 
included limiting representation expenses. Language is also 
included regarding basic pay and certain retirement benefits. 
Additional language is included regarding USPTO's financial 
statements. Furthermore, language is included providing that 
fees and surcharges charged are available to USPTO pursuant to 
section 42(c) of title 35, United States Code. Finally, the 
language provides that an amount be transferred to the Office 
of Inspector General (OIG).
    Under National Institute of Standards and Technology 
(NIST), Scientific and Technical Research and Services, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds. In addition, language is included allowing transfers to 
the Working Capital Fund. Language is included limiting funds 
for official reception and representation expenses. Finally, 
language is included allowing NIST to provide local 
transportation for a certain fellowship program.
    Also, under Industrial Technology Services, language is 
included providing no-year availability of funds. The language 
also designates an amount for the Manufacturing Extension 
Partnership and the National Network for Manufacturing 
Innovation.
    In addition, under Construction of Research Facilities, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included regarding the submission of 
certain materials in support of construction budget requests.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
(NOAA), Operations, Research, and Facilities, language is 
included allowing for two-year availability for funds, except 
for cooperative enforcement funds, which are available for 
three years. Language is also included allowing maintenance, 
operation, and hire of aircraft and vessels; grants, contracts, 
or other payments to nonprofit organizations for the purposes 
of conducting activities pursuant to cooperative agreements; 
and relocation of facilities. Language is included allowing 
fees and donations received by a particular office to be 
retained and used for expenses related to certain activities. 
In addition, language is included that provides that certain 
funds be derived from various sources and restricting their use 
to certain activities. Moreover, language is included 
specifying that deviations from amounts included in the report 
accompanying the Act shall be subject to section 505 of this 
Act. Finally, language is included providing for retired pay 
expenses.
    Also, under Procurement, Acquisition and Construction, 
language is included providing for three-year availability for 
funds, except for construction funds, which are available until 
expended. Language is also included providing that certain 
funds be derived from various sources. In addition, language is 
included specifying that deviations from amounts included in 
the report accompanying the Act shall be subject to section 505 
of this Act. Language is included regarding the submission of 
certain materials in support of construction budget requests. 
Language is included transferring an amount to the OIG.
    In addition, under Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery, 
language is included providing for two-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included allowing the Secretary of 
Commerce to issue grants to specific States and Federally 
recognized tribes for conservation projects for listed 
endangered or threatened salmon and steelhead populations, 
populations at risk to be so listed, and for maintaining 
populations necessary for the exercise of tribal treaty fishing 
rights, and for conservation of Pacific coastal salmon and 
steelhead habitat, to be allocated under scientific and merit 
principles and not available for marketing activities; and 
requiring a State match.
    Furthermore, under Fishermen's Contingency Fund, language 
is included providing for the appropriation of funds to be 
derived from receipts collected pursuant to Title IV of Public 
Law 95-372 and provides that these funds are available until 
expended.
    Moreover, under Fisheries Finance Program Account, language 
is included placing limitations on individual fishing quota 
loans and traditional direct loans.
    Under Departmental Management, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation expenses.
    Under Renovation and Modernization, language is included 
making funds available until expended for renovations of a 
certain building and allowing funding to be transferred into 
the account in certain circumstances.
    Under Department of Commerce, General Provisions, the 
following general provisions that fall within the rule are 
recommended:
    Section 101 makes funds available for advanced payments 
only upon certification of officials designated by the 
Secretary that such payments are considered to be in the public 
interest.
    Section 102 makes appropriations for the Department 
available for hire of passenger motor vehicles, for services, 
and for uniforms and allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 103 provides the authority to transfer funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriation accounts and 
requiring notification to the Committee of certain actions.
    Section 104 extends Congressional notification requirements 
for NOAA satellite programs and includes life cycle cost 
amounts for certain satellites.
    Section 105 provides for reimbursement for services within 
Department of Commerce buildings.
    Section 106 clarifies that grant recipients under the 
Department of Commerce may continue to deter child pornography, 
copyright infringement, or any other unlawful activity over 
their networks.
    Section 107 provides the Administrator with the authority 
to avail NOAA of needed resources, with the consent of those 
supplying the resources, to carry out responsibilities of any 
statute administered by NOAA.
    Section 108 prohibits the National Technical Information 
Service from charging customers for certain publications, 
except under certain conditions and requires charges be limited 
to recovering costs.
    Section 109 authorizes NOAA to receive payments from other 
entities to defray some costs of permitting and regulatory 
activities.
    In title II, Department of Justice, under General 
Administration, Salaries and Expenses, language is included 
providing for an amount for security and construction of 
Department of Justice facilities, which shall remain available 
until expended.
    Also, under Justice Information Sharing Technology, 
language is included providing that funds be available until 
expended. Language is also included allowing transfers up to a 
certain amount to this account for information technology 
initiatives, and that these funds to be transferred subject to 
requirements in this Act and shall be available until expended 
an amount for security and construction of Department of 
Justice facilities, which shall remain available until 
expended.
    In addition, under Executive Office for Immigration Review, 
language is included providing that an amount shall be derived 
by transfer from the Executive Office for Immigration Review 
fees deposited in the ``Immigration Examinations Fee'' account. 
Language is also included making an amount available until 
expended for certain purposes.
    Moreover, under Office of Inspector General, language is 
included providing for not to exceed $10,000 to meet unforeseen 
emergencies of a confidential character.
    Under United States Parole Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing that upon the 
expiration of a term of office of a Commissioner, the 
Commissioner may continue to act until a successor has been 
appointed.
    Under Legal Activities, Salaries and Expenses, General 
Legal Activities, language is included providing not to exceed 
a certain amount for expenses of collecting evidence, to be 
expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely 
under the certificate of, the Attorney General. Language is 
also included providing for the administration of pardons and 
clemency petitions. Language is also included providing for 
rental of space in the District of Columbia. Language is 
included making an amount available until expended for 
litigation support contracts. In addition, language is included 
making certain funds available to INTERPOL available until 
expended. Also, language is included limiting the amount of 
funds for official representation and reception expenses 
available to INTERPOL Washington. Furthermore, language is 
included providing funds to the Civil Rights Division for 
expenses associated with election monitoring, authority to 
reimburse the Office of Personnel Management for such expenses, 
and availability of such funds until expended. Finally, 
language is included for expenses associated with processing 
cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986.
    Also, under Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust Division, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds and the use of offsetting collections. The language also 
provides that fees collected for premerger notification 
filings, regardless of the year of collection, shall be 
retained and used for necessary expenses in this appropriation, 
and shall remain available until expended.
    In addition, under Salaries and Expenses, United States 
Attorneys, language is included regarding inter-governmental 
and cooperative agreements and limiting funds for official 
reception and representation expenses. Language is also 
included extending the availability of certain funds. Finally, 
language is included requiring each United States Attorney to 
establish or participate in a task force on human trafficking.
    Furthermore, under United States Trustee System Fund, 
language is included regarding refunds due depositors. Language 
is also included providing for the extended availability of 
certain funds and the use of offsetting collections.
    Moreover, under Fees and Expenses of Witnesses, language is 
included regarding contracts for the procurement and 
supervision of expert witnesses. In addition, language is 
included regarding funds for construction of buildings for 
safesites, armored and other vehicles, and telecommunication 
equipment. The language also provides for no-year availability 
of funds. In addition, language is included providing no funds 
may be transferred pursuant to section 205 of this Act.
    And under Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations 
Service, language is included regarding the transfer of funds 
for conflict resolution and violence prevention activities, 
which shall be subject to the provisions of section 505 of this 
Act.
    Under United States Marshals Service, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included limiting official reception and 
representation expenses, and providing for no-year availability 
for part of the appropriation.
    Also, under Construction, language is included providing 
for no-year availability of funds.
    In addition, under Federal Prisoner Detention, language is 
included providing for no-year availability of funds. Language 
is also included providing that the United States Marshals 
Service shall be responsible for managing the Justice Prisoner 
and Alien Transportation System. In addition, language is 
included limiting the amount of funds considered ``funds 
appropriated for State and local law enforcement assistance''. 
Finally, language is included transferring to this account 
unobligated balances from funds appropriated in prior years to 
the Detention Trustee.
    Under National Security Division, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included providing for the no-year availability of 
funds for IT systems. Language is also included providing that 
upon a determination by the Attorney General that emergent 
circumstances require additional funding for the activities of 
the National Security Division, the Attorney General may 
transfer such amounts to this heading from available 
appropriations for the current fiscal year for the Department 
of Justice, as may be necessary to respond to such 
circumstances. The language provides such a transfer be treated 
as a reprogramming under section 505 of this Act.
    Under Interagency Law Enforcement, Interagency Crime and 
Drug Enforcement, language is included providing for no-year 
availability for some of the funds. Language is also included 
regarding authorities under which funds may be used.
    Under Federal Bureau of Investigation, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of certain funds. Language is included providing 
for a limitation on representational expenses.
    Under Construction, language is included specifying the 
purpose of the appropriation and making it available until 
expended.
    Under Drug Enforcement Administration, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for funds to meet 
unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character. Language is 
also included allowing conduct of drug education and training 
programs, including travel and related expenses for 
participants in such programs and the distribution of items of 
token value that promote the goals of such programs. In 
addition, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of certain funds. Finally, language is included 
providing for a limitation on representational expenses.
    Under Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, 
Salaries and Expenses, language is included allowing training 
of State and local law enforcement agencies with or without 
reimbursement, including training in connection with the 
training and acquisition of canines for explosives and fire 
accelerants detection, and allowing provision of laboratory 
assistance to State and local law enforcement agencies, with or 
without reimbursement. Language is also included limiting 
official reception and representation expenses. In addition, 
language is included providing funds for the payment of 
attorneys' fees. Additional language is included prohibiting 
expenses to investigate or act upon applications for relief 
from Federal firearms disabilities under section 925(c) of 
title 18, United States Code. Language is further included 
regarding expenses to investigate applications filed by 
corporations for relief from section 925(c) of title 18, United 
States Code. In addition, language is included providing for 
no-year availability of certain funds. Moreover, language is 
included that prohibits funds to transfer the functions, 
missions or activities of ATF to other agencies or departments.
    Under Federal Prison System, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included that provides for the transfer to the 
Department of Health and Human Services funds necessary for 
medical relief for inmates. Language is also included that 
provides authority to the Director to enter into contracts to 
furnish health care. In addition, language is included placing 
a limitation on funds for reception and representation 
expenses. Furthermore, language is included extending the 
availability of certain funds. Finally, language is included 
providing authority for the Federal Prison System to accept 
donated property and services.
    Also, in Building and Facilities, language is included 
providing for no-year availability of funds. Language is also 
included stating labor of prisoners may be used for work under 
this heading.
    Additionally, under Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated, language is included authorizing Federal Prison 
Industries, Incorporated, to make such expenditures, within the 
limits of funds and borrowing authority available, and in 
accord with the law, and to make such contracts and 
commitments, without regard to fiscal year limitations, as may 
be necessary in carrying out the program set forth in the 
budget for the current fiscal year for such corporation.
    Furthermore, under Limitation on Administrative Expenses, 
Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated, language is included 
making available funds for its administrative expenses, and for 
certain services, to be computed on an accrual basis to be 
determined in accordance with the corporation's current 
prescribed accounting system, and such amounts shall be 
exclusive of depreciation, payment of claims, and expenditures 
which such accounting system requires to be capitalized or 
charged to cost of commodities acquired or produced, including 
selling and shipping expenses, and expenses in connection with 
acquisition, construction, operation, maintenance, improvement, 
protection, or disposition of facilities and other property 
belonging to the corporation or in which it has an interest.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Office on 
Violence Against Women, Violence Against Women Prevention and 
Prosecution Programs, language is included making funds 
available until expended. Language is also included placing a 
limitation on funds to be made available for expenses related 
to evaluation, training, and technical assistance. In addition, 
language is included providing for specific appropriations for 
various programs within the Office on Violence Against Women. 
Furthermore, language is included making available certain 
unobligated balances for specified programs. The language also 
applies certain conditions to specified grants. It provides for 
certain funds to be transferred to ``Research, Evaluation and 
Statistics'' for administration by the Office of Justice 
Programs.
    Under Office of Justice Programs, Research, Evaluation and 
Statistics, language is included to provide for no-year 
availability of funds. Language is also included to provide for 
specific appropriations for various programs within the Office 
of Justice Programs.
    Also, under State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance, 
language is included to provide for no-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included regarding an Officer Robert 
Wilson III Memorial Initiative on Preventing Violence Against 
Law Enforcement Officer Resilience and Survivability 
Initiative, domestic radicalization research, juvenile indigent 
defense, a National Missing and Unidentified Persons System, 
Violent Gang and Gun Crime Reduction, Capital Litigation and 
Wrongful Conviction Review, Prison Rape Prevention and 
Prosecution, Economic, High-tech, White Collar and Cybercrime 
Prevention, and the application of certain sections and special 
rules. In addition, language is included regarding Federal 
immigration and other detainees housed in State and local 
detention facilities. Furthermore, language is included 
regarding local government use of funds to increase the number 
of law enforcement officers. Language is also included 
regarding DNA training and education for law enforcement, 
correctional personnel, and court officers. Finally, the 
language specifies appropriations for various programs within 
the Office of Justice Programs.
    In addition, under Juvenile Justice Programs, language is 
included providing for no-year availability of funds. Language 
is also included waiving a provision of law with respect to 
funding for missing and exploited children programs. Finally, 
the language delineates certain amounts for various programs 
under this heading.
    Furthermore, under Public Safety Officer Benefits, language 
is included providing for no-year availability of funds. 
Language is also included providing for the transfers of funds 
in emergent circumstances, which shall be subject to the 
provisions of section 505 of this Act.
    Under Community Oriented Policing Services, Community 
Oriented Policing Services Programs, language is included 
providing for no-year availability of funds. Language is also 
included requiring that balances available through 
deobligations only be available through reprogramming. In 
addition, language is included regarding transfers of funds for 
anti-methamphetamine activities. There is further language 
regarding certain time limitations under the Second Chance Act. 
Finally, the language delineates certain amounts for various 
programs under this heading.
    Under Department of Justice, General Provisions, the 
following general provisions that fall within the rule are 
recommended:
    Section 201 makes available additional reception and 
representation funding for the Attorney General from the 
amounts provided in this title.
    Section 202 prohibits the use of funds to pay for an 
abortion, except in the case of incest, rape or to preserve the 
life of the mother.
    Section 203 prohibits the use of funds to require any 
person to perform or facilitate the performance of an abortion.
    Section 204 establishes the obligation of the Director of 
the Bureau of Prisons to provide escort services to an inmate 
receiving an abortion outside of a Federal facility, except 
where this obligation conflicts with the preceding section.
    Section 205 establishes the Committee's requirements and 
procedures for transfer proposals.
    Section 206 prohibits the use of certain funds for 
transporting prisoners classified as maximum or high security, 
other than to a facility certified by the Bureau of Prisons as 
appropriately secure.
    Section 207 prohibits the use of funds for the purchase or 
rental by Federal prisons of audiovisual equipment, services 
and materials used primarily for recreational purposes, except 
for those items and services needed for inmate training, 
religious, or educational purposes.
    Section 208 requires review by the Deputy Attorney General 
and the Department Investment Review Board prior to the 
obligation or expenditure of funds for major information 
technology projects.
    Section 209 requires the Department to follow reprogramming 
procedures prior to any deviation from the program amounts 
specified in this title or the reuse of specified deobligated 
funds provided in previous years.
    Section 210 prohibits the use of funds for A-76 
competitions for work performed by employees of Federal Prison 
Industries, Inc.
    Section 211 prohibits U.S. Attorneys from holding dual or 
additional responsibilities that exempt U.S. Attorneys from 
statutory residency requirements.
    Section 212 permits up to 3 percent of grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to OJP to be used 
for training and technical assistance and permits up to 3 
percent of grant or reimbursement funds made available to that 
office to be used for criminal justice research, evaluation and 
statistics.
    Section 213 provides 7 percent of certain grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to OJP and Community 
Oriented Policing Services programs to be used for tribal 
criminal justice assistance.
    Section 214 waives the requirement that the Attorney 
General reserve certain funds from amounts provided for 
offender incarceration.
    Section 215 prohibits funds, other than funds for the 
National Instant Criminal Background Check System established 
under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, from being 
used to facilitate the transfer of an operable firearm to a 
known or suspected agent of a drug cartel where law enforcement 
personnel do not continuously monitor or control such firearm. 
This language is made permanent.
    Section 216 places limitation on the obligation of funds 
from certain Department of Justice accounts and funding 
sources.
    In title III, Science, under Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, language is included providing that certain 
funds be available for reception and representation expenses, 
and rental of conference rooms.
    Under National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
Science, language is included providing for the two year 
availability of funds. Language is also included regarding a 
limitation on formulation and development costs of a certain 
program with an associated notification requirement and 
language is also included concerning a planetary science 
mission.
    Also, under Aeronautics, language is included providing for 
the two year availability of funds.
    In addition, under Space Technology, language is included 
providing for the two year availability of funds.
    Under Exploration, language is included providing for the 
multi-year availability of funds. Language is also included 
that delineates amounts for program components. Language is 
also included describing certain reports and requiring the 
inclusion of estimates in future budget requests.
    In Space Operations, language is included providing for the 
multi-year availability of funds.
    Additionally, under Education, language is included 
providing for the multi-year availability of funds. Language is 
also included delineating amounts for program components.
    Under Safety, Security and Mission Services, language is 
included providing for the multi-year availability of funds. 
Language is also included to limit official reception and 
representation expenses.
    Under Construction and Environmental Compliance and 
Restoration, language is included providing for the multi-year 
availability of funds. Language is also included restricting 
receipts and expenditures made pursuant to enhanced use lease 
arrangements and requiring the inclusion of estimates in future 
budget requests.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language is included 
providing for the multi-year availability of certain funds.
    In the Administrative Provisions, language is included 
regarding: availability of funds for announced prizes; 
limitations on transfers of funds among NASA accounts; and the 
submission of a spending plan.
    Under National Science Foundation, Research and Related 
Activities, language is included that provides for the multi-
year availability of funds. Language is also included that 
governs funding availability for polar research and operation 
support. In addition, language is included providing that 
certain receipts may be credited to this appropriation.
    Also, under Major Research Equipment and Facilities 
Construction, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of funds.
    In addition, under Education and Human Resources, language 
is included providing for the multi-year availability of funds.
    Furthermore, under Agency Operations and Award Management, 
language is included regarding contracts for maintenance and 
operation of facilities and other services. Language is also 
included limiting representation expenses.
    Under Office of the National Science Board, language is 
included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language is included 
providing for the multi-year availability of certain funds.
    Under Administrative Provision, language is included 
regarding transfers of funds. Also language is included 
requiring the Director to submit notification of certain 
activities 30 days in advance.
    In title IV, Related Agencies, under Commission on Civil 
Rights, Salaries and Expenses, language is included prohibiting 
expenses to employ in excess of a specific level of full-time 
individuals or to reimburse Commissioners for certain billable 
days. Language is also included prohibiting certain 
unauthorized activities.
    Under Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included designating an amount for 
payments to State and local enforcement agencies. Language is 
also included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation expenses. Finally, language is included 
authorizing the Chair to accept donations or gifts to carry out 
the work of the Commission.
    Under International Trade Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included limiting funds for official 
reception and representation expenses. Language is also 
included providing for no-year availability of funds.
    Under Legal Services Corporation, Payment to the Legal 
Services Corporation, language is included regarding pay for 
officers and employees. Language is also included delineating 
amounts for specific programs and regarding authorities to 
transfer funds. In addition, language is included designating 
the Legal Services Corporation as an agency of the Federal 
Government for the purposes of reprogramming.
    Under Administrative Provision, Legal Services Corporation, 
language is included that prohibits the use of funds for 
certain activities.
    Under Office of the United States Trade Representative, 
Salaries and Expenses, language is included providing for the 
no-year availability of some funds. Language is also included 
limiting funds for official reception and representation 
expenses.
    Also, under Trade Enforcement Trust Fund, language is 
included regarding certain notifications.
    Under State Justice Institute, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included limiting funds for reception and 
representation expenses. Language is also included providing 
for multi-year availability of certain funds. In addition, 
language is included designating the State Justice Institute as 
an agency of the Federal Government for the purposes of 
reprogramming.
    In title V, General Provisions, the following general 
provisions that fall within the rule are recommended:
    Section 501 prohibits the use of funds for publicity or 
propaganda purposes unless expressly authorized by law.
    Section 502 prohibits any appropriation contained in this 
Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless expressly authorized.
    Section 503 provides that the expenditure of any 
appropriation contained in this Act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 504 provides that if any provision of this Act or 
the application of such provision to any person or circumstance 
shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the 
application of other provisions shall not be affected.
    Section 505 specifies procedures for the reprogramming of 
funds.
    Section 506 provides that if it is determined that any 
person intentionally affixes a ``Made in America'' label to any 
product that was not made in America that person shall not be 
eligible to receive any contract or subcontract made with funds 
made available in this Act. The section further provides that 
to the extent practicable, with respect to purchases of 
promotional items, funds made available under this Act shall be 
used to purchase items manufactured, produced, or assembled in 
the United States or its territories or possessions.
    Section 507 requires quarterly reporting to Congress on the 
status of balances of appropriations.
    Section 508 provides that any costs incurred by a 
department or agency funded under this Act resulting from, or 
to prevent, personnel actions taken in response to funding 
reductions in this Act, or, for the Department of Commerce, 
from actions taken for the care and protection of loan 
collateral or grant property, shall be absorbed within the 
budgetary resources available to the department or agency, and 
provides transfer authority between appropriation accounts to 
carry out this provision, subject to reprogramming procedures.
    Section 509 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco 
products or to seek the reduction or removal of foreign 
restrictions on the marketing of tobacco products, except for 
restrictions which are not applied equally to all tobacco or 
tobacco products of the same type.
    Section 510 limits the obligation of receipts deposited 
into the Crime Victims Fund to $4,632,000,000 during fiscal 
year 2018. The language also provides for a tribal set-aside.
    Section 511 prohibits the use of Department of Justice 
funds for programs that discriminate against or denigrate the 
religious or moral beliefs of students participating in such 
programs.
    Section 512 prohibits the transfer of funds made available 
in this Act to any department, agency or instrumentality of the 
United States Government, except for transfers made by, or 
pursuant to authorities provided in, this Act or any other 
appropriations Act.
    Section 513 provides that funds provided in this Act for E 
Government Initiatives shall be subject to the procedures set 
forth in section 505 of this Act.
    Section 514 prohibits funds for acquisition of certain 
information systems unless the acquiring department or agency 
has reviewed and assessed certain risks.
    Section 515 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to support or justify the use of torture by any 
official or contract employee of the United States Government.
    Section 516 permanently prohibits the use of funds to 
require certain export licenses.
    Section 517 permanently prohibits the use of funds to deny 
certain import applications regarding ``curios or relics'' 
firearms, parts, or ammunition.
    Section 518 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to include certain language in trade agreements.
    Section 519 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to authorize or issue a national security letter (NSL) 
in contravention of certain laws authorizing the Federal Bureau 
of Investigation to issue NSLs.
    Section 520 requires congressional notification regarding 
any project within the Departments of Commerce or Justice, the 
National Science Foundation or the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration totaling more than $75,000,000 that has 
cost increases of 10 percent or more.
    Section 521 deems funds for intelligence or intelligence 
related activities as authorized by Congress during fiscal year 
2018 until the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
for fiscal year 2018.
    Section 522 prohibits contracts or grant awards in excess 
of $5,000,000 unless the prospective contractor or grantee 
certifies that the organization has filed all Federal tax 
returns, has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and has no unpaid Federal tax 
assessment.
    Section 523 provides for rescissions of unobligated 
balances from the Departments of Commerce and Justice and for 
certain transfers.
    Section 524 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act for the purchase of first class or premium air travel 
in contravention of certain Federal travel regulations.
    Section 525 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to pay for the attendance of more than 50 department 
or agency employees, who are stationed in the United States, at 
any single conference outside the United States, unless the 
conference is a law enforcement training or operational event 
where the majority of Federal attendees are law enforcement 
personnel stationed outside the United States.
    Section 526 prohibits the use of funds in this or any other 
Act for the transfer or release of certain individuals detained 
at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to or 
within the United States, its territories, or possessions.
    Section 527 prohibits the use of funds in this or any other 
Act to construct, acquire, or modify any facility in the United 
States, its territories, or possessions to house certain 
individuals who, as of June 24, 2009, were located at United 
States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, for the purposes of 
detention or imprisonment in the custody or control of the 
Department of Defense.
    Section 528 requires tracking and reporting of undisbursed 
balances in expired grant accounts.
    Section 529 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act by NASA or the Office of Science and Technology Policy 
(OSTP) to engage in bilateral activities with China or a 
Chinese-owned company unless the activities are authorized by 
subsequent legislation or NASA or OSTP after consultation with 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation have made a certification 
pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of this section.
    Section 530 permanently prohibits funds from being used to 
deny the importation of shotgun models if no application for 
the importation of such models, in the same configuration, had 
been denied prior to January 1, 2011, on the basis that the 
shotgun was not particularly suitable for or readily adaptable 
to sporting purposes.
    Section 531 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to establish or maintain a computer network that does 
not block pornography, except for law enforcement or victim 
assistance purposes.
    Section 532 requires each department and agency funded in 
the bill to submit spending plans.
    Section 533 prohibits funds made available by this Act to 
implement the Arms Trade Treaty until the Senate approves a 
resolution of ratification.
    Section 534 requires a quarterly report from the Department 
of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
and the National Science Foundation on official travel to 
China.
    Section 535 requires not less than 10 percent of the funds 
provided for certain programs be provided to persistent poverty 
counties.
    Section 536 prohibits funds to approve the registration, 
renewal, or maintenance of the registration of a mark, trade 
mark, trade name, or commercial name when the mark, trade mark, 
trade name, or commercial name was unlawfully confiscated in 
Cuba.
    Section 537 prohibits funds from being used to require a 
person licensed under section 923 of title 18, United States 
Code, to report information to the Department of Justice 
regarding the sale of multiple rifles or shotguns to the same 
person.
    Section 538 allows States to bring a civil action against 
the United States to restore the sovereignty reserved to the 
States by the Constitution.
    Section 539 prohibits funds to move a Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives facility.
    Section 540 prohibits funds to enter into a civil 
settlement agreement on behalf of the United States that 
includes certain donations.
    Section 541 prohibts funds for implementing or enforcing 
the designation of critical habitat for Atlantic Sturgeon in 
the Chesapeake Bay watershed.
    Section 542 prohibits funds for the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Commission for collection of information as set 
forth in the notice published July 14, 2016.

                  Appropriations Not Authorized by Law

    The Committee, in a number of instances, has found it 
necessary to recommend funding for ongoing activities and 
programs for which authorizations have not been enacted to 
date. Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(B) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the following table lists the 
appropriations in the accompanying bill which are not 
authorized by law for the period concerned:

                                                               UNAUTHORIZED APPROPRIATIONS
                                                                    Fiscal Year 2018
                                                                 (dollars in thousands)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Authorization level in     Appropriations in
                             Program                                Last year of          last year of            last year of        Appropriations in
                                                                    authorization         authorization           authorization           this bill
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Department of Commerce:
  International Trade Administration
    Operations and Administration
      Export Promotion Activities...............................              1996               such sums               264,885                     *
  Bureau of Industry and Security
    Operations and Administration...............................              1994               such sums                34,747               112,500
  Economic Development Administration
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2008               such sums                30,832                36,000
    Economic Development Assistance Programs....................                               various                                         140,000
      Public Works and Economic Development Act Programs........              2008                 500,000               349,100              (130,000)
  Minority Business Development Agency
    Minority Business Development...............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                34,000
  Bureau of Economic Analysis
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                96,000
  National Telecommunications and Information Administration
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              1993                  17,900                18,493                30,000
  National Institute of Standards and Technology
    Scientific and Technical Research and Services..............              2013                 676,700               609,514               660,000
    Industrial technology services..............................              2013                 241,709               140,316               105,000
      Manufacturing extension partnerships......................              2013                (165,100)             (126,088)             (100,000)
    Construction of research facilities.........................              2013                 121,300                58,874               100,000
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    Operations, Research and Facilities
      Oceanic and Atmospheric Research..........................              1993               1,589,081               202,172                  , ??
      National Ocean Service....................................              1993                 121,183               150,864               462,646
        Coral Reef Conservation.................................              2004                 (16,000)              (16,000)              (26,100)
        Costal Zone Management..................................              1999                 (55,300)              (52,700)              (84,600)
        Marine Protection, Research, Preservation & Sanctuaries.              2005                 (40,000)              (57,958)              (52,000)
      National Marine Fisheries Services........................                               various
        Endangered Species Act Activities.......................              1992                   6,750
        Marine Mammal Protection Act Activities.................              1999                  34,768
        NOAA Marine Fisheries Program Activities................              2000                 110,470
        Interjurisdictional Fisheries Act Grants................              2012                   2,500                 1,157                 3,000
      National Weather Service
        Operations and research activities......................              1993                 395,822                                            
        Public warning and forecast systems.....................              1993                 132,034                   ,                     ,  
      NESDIS
        Satellite observing systems activities (NESDIS).........              1993                 336,000                   ,                     ,  
        Data and information services activities................              1993                  39,596                10,300                   ,  
      Mission Support
        Executive Direction and Administrative Activities.......              1993                  75,750                25,000               208,479
        Marine Services.........................................              1993                  68,518                61,200               180,614
        Aircraft Services.......................................              1993                  10,336                 9,500                34,232
    Procurement, Acquisition and Construction
      Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
        Fleet modernization and replacement.....................              1997               such sums                 8,000                12,878
    Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery.............................              2009                  90,000                80,000                65,000
    Fisheries Disaster Assistance...............................              2013               such sums                   n/a                20,000
  Departmental Management
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                58,000
    Renovation and Modernization................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 1,000
    Office of Inspector General.................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                32,744
Department of Justice:
  General Administration
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009                 181,561               105,805                89,000
    Justice Information Sharing Technology......................              2009                 204,152                80,000                30,941
    Executive Office for Immigration Review.....................             2009                      n/a                   n/a               504,500
    Office of Inspector General.................................              2009                  81,922                80,681                95,853
  United States Parole Commission
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009                  12,711                12,570                13,000
  Legal Activities
    Salaries and Expenses, General Legal Activities.............              2009                 764,526               805,655               897,500
    Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust Division...................              2009                 162,488               157,788               163,980
    Salaries and Expenses, United States Attorneys..............              2009               1,829,194             1,851,336             2,057,252
    Salaries and Expenses, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.              2009                   1,429                 1,823                 2,374
    Fees and Expenses of Witnesses..............................              2009                 203,755               168,300               270,000
    Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations Service..........              2009                  10,977                 9,873                15,000
  United States Marshals Service................................              2009                 900,178               954,000             2,801,000
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................                                         ?              (960,000)           (1,255,000)
    Construction................................................                                         ?                (4,000)              (10,000)
    Federal Prison Detention#...................................              2009               1,858,509             1,355,319            (1,536,000)
  National Security Division
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               100,000
  Interagency Law Enforcement
    Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement......................              2009                 744,593               515,000               526,000
  Federal Bureau of Investigation...............................              2009               6,480,608             7,301,191             8,866,642
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................                                         ?            (7,182,700)           (8,814,747)
    Construction................................................                                         ?              (153,491)              (51,895)
  Drug Enforcement Administration
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009               1,930,462             1,959,084             2,164,051
  Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009               1,038,939             1,078,215             1,293,776
  Federal Prison System.........................................              2009               5,698,292             6,171,561             7,167,948
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................                                         ?            (5,600,792)           (7,070,248)
    Buildings and Facilities....................................                                         ?              (575,807)              (95,000)
  Office on Violence Against Women
    Violence Against Women Prevention and Prosecution Programs
      Research and Evaluation on Violence against Women.........               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 3,500
      Family Civil Justice......................................                               various                                          16,000
        Court Training and Improvements Program.................              2011                   5,000                    **
        Safe Havens Program.....................................              2011                  20,000                    **
      Consolidated Youth-oriented Program.......................                               various                                          11,000
        Engaging Men and Youth in Prevention....................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                      
        Grants to Assist Children and Youth Exposed to Violence.               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                      
        Supporting Teens Through Education Program..............              2011                   5,000                    **                      
        Services to Advocate and Respond to Youth...............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                      
      Research on Violence Against Indian Women.................              2015                   1,000                   940                 1,000
      Indian Country--Sexual Assault Clearinghouse..............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                   500
      Tribal assistance.........................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 4,000
      Victims of Trafficking....................................              2017                  45,000                11,000                45,000
  Office of Justice Programs
    Research, Evaluation and Statistics
      Bureau of Justice Statistics..............................              1995                  33,000                32,335                44,500
      National Institute of Justice.............................              1995                  33,000                58,879                38,500
    State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance
      Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants..................              2012               1,095,000               470,000               500,000
        Officer Robert Wilson III VALOR Initiative..............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (10,000)
        Domestic Radicalization Research........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (4,000)
        Juvenile Indigent Defense...............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (2,000)
        NamUS...................................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (2,400)
        Violent Gang and Gun Crime Reduction....................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (10,000)
        Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution..................              2010                  40,000                15,000               (15,500)
        White Collar Crime Prevention...........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (10,000)
      State Criminal Alien Assistance Program...................              2011                 950,000                    **               220,000
      Adam Walsh Act Implementation.............................              2009               such sums                18,000                20,000
      National Sex Offender Public Website......................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 1,000
      NICS Initiative...........................................                               various                                          73,000
        NICS Act Record Improvement Program.....................              2013                 125,000                12,000                     *
        National Criminal History Improvement Program...........              2013                  62,500                 6,000                     *
      Comprehensive School Safety Initiative....................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                45,000
      Emergency Law Enforcement Assistance......................              2016                  20,000                   n/a                10,000
    Juvenile Justice Programs
      Youth Mentoring Grants....................................              2007               such sums                                      75,000
      Missing and Exploited Children Programs...................                               various                                          72,500
        AMBER Alert grants......................................              2004                       *                     *                     *
    Community Oriented Policing Services
      Transfer to DEA for Methamphetamine Lab Cleanups..........               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                11,000
      Community trust initiative................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                65,000
        Body-worn Camera Partnership............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (22,500)
        Justice Reinvestment Initiative.........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (25,000)
        Research and statistics on community trust..............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (7,500)
        Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program...............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (15,000)
      Second Chance Act/Offender Reentry........................              2010                  55,000               100,000                68,000
        Children of Incarcerated Parents Demo Grants............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (5,000)
        Girls in the juvenile justice system....................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (2,000)
      Community Teams to Reduce the Sexual Assault Kit (SAK)                   n/a                     n/a                   n/a                45,000
       Backlog..................................................
      Regional information sharing activities...................              2003                 100,000                29,000                35,000
Science:
  National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Science.....................................................              2017               5,500,000             5,764,900             5,858,500
    Aeronautics.................................................              2017                 640,000               660,000               660,000
    Space Technology............................................              2017                 686,000               686,500               686,500
    Exploration.................................................              2017               4,330,000             4,324,000             4,550,000
    Space Operations............................................              2017               5,023,000             4,950,700             4,676,634
    Education...................................................              2017                 115,000               100,000                90,000
    Safety, Security and Mission Services.......................              2017               2,788,600             2,768,600             2,826,200
    Construction and Environmental Compliance and Remediation...              2017                 388,000               360,700               486,100
    Office of Inspector General.................................              2017                  37,400                37,900                37,900
  National Science Foundation
    Research and Related Activities.............................              2013               6,637,849             5,870,974           6,033,645  
    Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction........              2013                 236,764               192,488                77,800
    Education and Human Resources...............................              2013               1,041,762               878,799               880,000
    Agency Operations and Award Management......................              2013                 363,670               293,780               328,510
    Office of the National Science Board........................              2013                   4,906                 4,357                 4,370
    Office of Inspector General.................................              2013                  15,049                13,933                15,200
Related Agencies:
  Commission on Civil Rights
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              1995                   9,500                 8,904                 9,183
  International Trade Commission
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2004                  57,240                58,295                92,500
  Legal Services Corporation
    Payment to the Legal Services Corporation...................              1980                 205,000               300,000               300,000
  Marine Mammal Commission
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              1999                   1,750                 1,240                 3,431
  Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2004                  33,108                41,552                53,000
  State Justice Institute
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2008                   7,000                 3,760                 5,111
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* The recommendation does not provide a specific amount for this program.
  The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-567) provides authorizations for general categories of
  activities, rather than specific programs. Since a program may cut across several authorizations, it is impossible to determine the exact amount of
  unauthorized appropriations.
 Authorization covers multiple lines in the NOAA control table.
  This authorization provides for both procurement and operations activities, but does not provide a breakdown for each.
  The authorization authorizes funding for the ``Administrative Review and Appeals'' account, which encompassed the activities of the Executive Office
  for Immigration Review and the Office of Pardon Attorney. The recommendation seperates these into different accounts.
? Authorization does not provide amounts for specific accounts within this agency.
# This was formerly the ``General Administration, Detention Trustee'' account.
** The authorization for this program expired in FY2011. Since the government was funded by a full-year continuing resolution, the Committee did not
  provide a specific appropriation for this program.
   These programs have been combined into the Consolidated Youth-oriented Program.
 The recommendation includes an overall amount for tribal assistance but does not specify amounts for each particular program.
   The authorization for this program expired in FY2007. Since the government was funded by a full-year continuing resolution, the Committee did not
  provide a specific appropriation for this program.
   Within the Research and Related Activities account, funding for Dyslexia and windstorm research are authorized.
?? The Weather Research and Forecasting Innovation Act of 2017 (P.L. 115-25) authorized Weather and Air Chemistry Research Programs. Other programs are
  unauthorized.

                 Comparison With the Budget Resolution

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives and section 308(a)(1)(A) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the following table compares 
the levels of new budget authority and outlays provided in the 
bill with the appropriate allocations made under section 302(b) 
of the Budget Act:

                        SUBCOMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   302(b) allocation                       This bill
                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Budget                              Budget
                                              Authority          Outlays          Authority          Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
General purpose discretionary...........          53,935            64,382            53,935            64,357*
Mandatory...............................             339               350               339               350*
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

                      Five-Year Outlay Projections

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII and section 
308(a)(1)(B) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
following table contains five-year outlay projections 
associated with the budget authority provided in the 
accompanying bill, as provided to the Committee by the 
Congressional Budget Office:

                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------------------------------------------------------
Projection of outlays associated with the
 recommendation:
  2018................................................          41,940*
  2019................................................          13,325
  2020................................................           3,588
  2021................................................           1,257
  2022 and future years...............................           3,990
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

               Assistance to State and Local Governments

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII and section 
308(a)(1)(C) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
Congressional Budget Office has provided the following 
estimates of new budget authority and outlays provided by the 
accompanying bill for financial assistance to State and local 
governments:

                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                              Budget Authority       Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Financial assistance to State and local governments for 2018................          -7,541              -194*
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

                          Program Duplication

    No provision of this bill establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                          Directed Rule Making

    The bill does not direct any rule making.

      Comparative Statement of New Budget (Obligational) Authority

    The following table provides a detailed summary, for each 
department and agency, comparing the amounts recommended in the 
bill with fiscal year 2017 enacted amounts and budget estimates 
presented for fiscal year 2018:



     MINORITY VIEWS OF REP. NITA M. LOWEY AND REP. JOSE E. SERRANO

    We commend Chairman Culberson for his efforts in assembling 
the Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 Commerce, Justice, Science (CJS) 
bill. However, we remain deeply concerned about this year's 
overall appropriations process and are resolutely opposed to 
the direction it appears to be headed. One feature of this 
flawed process is that the allocation for CJS is a programmatic 
cut of more than half a billion dollars below fiscal year 2017.
    The agencies and programs funded under the CJS bill play 
key roles in securing our nation, promoting economic 
development, and ensuring our leadership in scientific 
endeavors. Yet the unacceptably low allocation has resulted in 
far too many critical priorities underfunded, many quite 
substantially, which would hurt hardworking American families. 
The bill also lacks necessary oversight over the Trump 
Administration and contains several harmful riders.
    Before we detail our concerns, we do want to point out some 
of the positive investments this bill makes. The Committee bill 
rejects several of the Administration's worst proposals, 
including its proposed cuts to National Science Foundation 
research, the Minority Business Development Agency, and the 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s Sea 
Grant program. Increases are included for Federal law 
enforcement and immigration judges. The bill also largely 
rejects cuts to the educational efforts of both the National 
Science Foundation and the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration (NASA), which help inspire and train our next 
generation of scientists. An increase is also provided for 
trade enforcement activities at the International Trade 
Administration.
    However, we are deeply concerned that the bill cuts funding 
for so many other critical programs and public investments:
    For instance, the Legal Services Corporation (LSC) is cut 
by $85 million below 2017. LSC grants help local providers 
assist veterans, domestic violence victims, the elderly, and 
many others to assert their rights. The LSC plays a crucial 
role in ensuring that our legal and constitutional rights are 
available to all Americans, not just those who can afford it. 
We want to work together to increase the finding for LSC as 
this process moves forward.
    Programs that conduct crucial climate change research are 
also reduced in this bill. There is a 19 percent cut to NOAA 
climate research, and NASA's Earth Science program is cut by 
$217 million below current levels, and by $50.1 million below 
even what the Trump Administration requested. Such funding cuts 
would jeopardize our ability to improve the scientific 
understanding of our planet and its changes. This, in turn, 
would undermine our ability to protect the health and safety of 
our communities.
    Elsewhere in NOAA, we are pleased the bill provides 
adequate funding levels for near-term weather satellites and 
for operating expenses of the National Weather Service, though 
we are disappointed that the bill approves of the Trump 
Administration proposal to cut and consolidate information 
technology support personnel based at local weather forecast 
offices. Furthermore, the bill severely cuts funding for the 
Polar Follow-on future weather satellite program, which if 
well-funded could serve as an important insurance policy 
against future gaps in weather satellite data. This is vitally 
important, as NOAA's polar orbiting weather satellites do not 
have on-orbit backups as does the GOES weather satellite 
system.
    Furthermore, the Committee bill contains a significant cut 
to NOAA's overall operations, research, and facilities budget, 
including the elimination of the Regional Coastal Resilience 
Grant program and a very damaging cut to the Coastal Zone 
Management Grants program. These programs fund important work 
in coastal and Great Lakes areas, ensuring that states and 
communities are prepared to face challenges such as restoring 
coastal infrastructure and addressing problems like erosion, 
sea level rise, ocean acidification, and marine debris.
    The Justice Department is also underfunded in a number of 
critical areas. While we appreciate the increase provided for 
Byrne Justice Assistance Grants, overall DOJ grants are cut by 
more than $167 million below the comparable FY 2017 level. The 
bill eliminates funding for hiring in the COPS program, which 
supports important police reform and public safety initiatives. 
We are also troubled by the proposed elimination of two crucial 
juvenile justice grant programs, the State Formula Grants and 
Delinquency Prevention Incentive Grants. These grant 
eliminations, among others unfunded in the bill, would harm 
efforts to reduce crime, promote police-community relations, 
and prevent recidivism.
    The Census Bureau is also inadequately funded. Although the 
Periodic Censuses and Programs account is given the requested 
amount in FY 2018, the Trump Administration is proposing to 
greatly scale back the important 2020 Census planning and 
testing tools that are needed now to prevent higher costs in 
the next few years. Without this crucial testing now, in 2020 
the initial response rates will drop and costs will rise. In 
addition, scaling back early testing greatly increases the risk 
of information technology failures like those in the last 
decennial census, which would cause significant future cost 
overruns. The appropriations bill must not rubber-stamp this 
penny-wise and pound-foolish approach; significantly more money 
is needed in the short-term for 2020 Census preparation. In 
addition, while we appreciate that the bill rejects the Trump 
Administration's proposal to scale back the Survey of Income 
and Program Participation, we are concerned that the bill 
contains other survey budget cuts proposed by the 
Administration that will reduce the quality and reliability of 
certain surveys, such as the Small Area Health Insurance 
Estimates.
    President Trump also proposed ending Federal support for 
Economic Development Administration programs and the 
Manufacturing Extension Partnership program. While the 
Committee bill maintained the programs, huge cuts to both would 
greatly reduce the tens of thousands of jobs created or 
retained each year throughout the country.
    While the trade enforcement activities of the International 
Trade Administration (ITA) are provided an increase, the bill 
cuts funding for ITA overall, including completely eliminating 
the SelectUSA program. This program, initiated in the Obama 
Administration, is aimed at creating more American jobs by 
attracting and facilitating foreign direct investment.
    Lastly, we are also troubled that this bill allows several 
of the Administration's immigration enforcement priorities to 
go forward, including additional attorneys for criminal 
immigration prosecution efforts. At best, this is an unwise 
choice. Fifty-two percent of criminal prosecutions at DOJ are 
already immigration related--further efforts in this area will 
intrude upon the other important missions of the Department.

                        IRRESPONSIBLE GUN RIDERS

    We continue to be extremely troubled by the inclusion of 
gun-related riders, including one that would effectively 
prevent the enforcement of an existing requirement that Federal 
firearms licensees (FFLs) in four southwest border states 
report to the National Tracing Center on the sale of certain 
kinds of semi-automatic rifles favored by the Mexican drug 
cartels. This reporting requirement is narrow and targeted, 
applying only to the four southwest border states (Texas, 
Arizona, New Mexico, and California), and only when a dealer 
sells two or more qualifying long guns to a single individual 
within five business days. Qualifying guns are rifles that (1) 
are semi-automatic; (2) are greater than .22 caliber; and (3) 
can hold a detachable magazine. It does not apply to shotguns 
or the vast majority of rifles regularly used for hunting 
purposes.
    This reporting requirement is identical to one that has 
existed for decades for handguns, and in no way does it hinder 
the ability of any law-abiding person to purchase as many 
rifles as he or she desires. It is not an undue burden on FFLs, 
with the time to complete a multiple sales form estimated at 12 
minutes and an estimated annual cost in employee time of only 
$16.
    This very limited reporting requirement has proven to be an 
important tool for Federal law enforcement in the effort to 
uncover illegal trafficking operations intended to supply 
semiautomatic weapons to violent drug gangs across the border. 
According to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and 
Explosives (ATF), these multiple sales reports have thus far 
led to more than 300 defendants recommended for prosecution, 
including both alleged straw purchasers and others farther up 
the firearms trafficking chain. Also according to ATF, the 
reporting requirement is forcing firearms traffickers to change 
tactics, making straw purchases more difficult and serving as a 
deterrent for many people who might have engaged in straw 
purchasing in the past.
    This is not about restricting gun ownership or compiling a 
registry of long gun owners. Information that does not become 
part of a trafficking investigation is purged from ATF records 
within two years. This is a law enforcement response to the 
evidence from successful tracings of weapons recovered in 
Mexico. These tracings show that a large number of these 
weapons were initially sold by licensed gun dealers in 
California, Arizona, New Mexico, or Texas.
    In 2013, a unanimous panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for 
the Fifth Circuit affirmed an earlier court finding that 
Federal law ``unambiguously authorizes'' this reporting 
requirement. This Committee simply has no business tying the 
hands of law enforcement agencies as they attempt to rein in 
crime.

                       OTHER IRRESPONSIBLE RIDERS

    We are concerned about other inappropriate riders that do 
not belong in this bill, including a rider that places 
restrictions on the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO)'s 
ability to issue trademarks to Cuban nationals, even in cases 
in which a specific license from the Treasury Department's 
Office of Foreign Assets Control has been issued. Aside from 
meddling in foreign policy and harming our diplomatic efforts 
with Cuba, the provision would create a significant 
administrative burden on PTO, setting an impossible standard 
that PTO itself reports it cannot meet.

                          COMMITTEE AMENDMENTS

    We are disappointed that the majority rejected a number of 
amendments made by our side in order to improve the bill. The 
Committee did not adopt the Serrano Amendment, which would have 
increased funding in a number of critical areas mentioned 
above. The investments are necessary for these programs to 
effectively help American citizens and businesses.
    We are also disappointed that the Committee did not adopt 
the Lowey Amendment to allow the Department of Justice to block 
the sales of firearms to persons known or suspected to be 
engaged in conduct related to terrorism. Currently, Federal law 
prohibits nine categories of dangerous people from purchasing 
or owning firearms. However, Federal law does not allow the 
Attorney General the discretion to block a firearms purchase to 
an individual on a terror watch list. There have been 
consequences. For example, on November 5, 2009, at Fort Hood 13 
people were shot and killed and 30 others wounded by Nidal 
Hasan, who passed a background check and bought a handgun even 
though he was under investigation by the FBI for links to 
terrorism. Allowing the Attorney General the discretion to 
block these purchases is a commonsense approach that should be 
widely supported.
    We are pleased that the amendment to provide additional 
funding in DOJ grants and the Crime Victims Fund for tribal 
purposes was adopted. The Federal Government has provided 
significant support to criminal justice and victim services 
programs across the country. However, as is too often the case, 
Indian Country has largely been left out of this effort.
    Unfortunately, a number of problematic amendments were 
adopted in Committee as well. A troubling Republican amendment 
was adopted prohibiting the Equal Employment Opportunity 
Commission from moving forward with a policy change aimed at 
collecting gender and race information from employers. This 
data, combined with other information available to the agency, 
would help fill a significant void in the information we need 
to ensure that American workers are paid fairly for their hard 
work, and it would help employers evaluate their own pay 
practices so that they can prevent pay discrimination in their 
workplaces.
    The Committee also adopted an amendment that would 
undermine the Endangered Species Act with respect to certain 
endangered fish in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. This is a bad 
precedent that does not belong on an appropriations bill.
    Lastly, we are troubled that the Majority rejected a number 
of amendments to ensure accountability in the Executive Branch 
and to prevent further interference in the investigation into 
Russia's interference in the 2016 election (and related 
matters). For instance, we are disappointed that two amendments 
were not adopted that would have prevented individuals employed 
by the White House from holding security clearances if they are 
under criminal investigation by Federal law enforcement or if 
they have deliberately omitted a required disclosure of a 
meeting with a foreign national on their Standard Form 86.
    Similarly, the Committee did not adopt the Lowey Amendment 
to prohibit the use of funds to obstruct, hinder, frustrate, 
impede, or prevent any investigative work conducted by Special 
Counsel Robert S. Mueller. It is imperative that Special 
Counsel Mueller's investigation be conducted completely free of 
meddling from the White House, the Department of Justice, or 
anyone else. The Lowey amendment would have made it clear that 
it is unlawful for employees of the Department of Justice or 
any other Federal entity to meddle in an investigation that is 
critical for Americans' confidence in our democracy and the 
institutions of our government.

                               CONCLUSION

    In spite of all our concerns, we would like to reiterate 
our appreciation for Chairman Culberson's work with us on a 
number of issues. Within the constraints facing the bill, it 
funds several of the Minority's priorities. However, the 
shortcomings in this and other appropriations bills are many 
and very real. We simply cannot support the CJS appropriations 
bill in its current form. In addition to our desire to rid the 
bill of its harmful riders, it is our firm hope that we will 
establish a bipartisan budget framework to increase funding for 
domestic investments, including those funded in this bill to 
help better secure our communities, create jobs, and support 
scientific research that is vital to our economy and quality of 
life.

                                   Nita M. Lowey.
                                   Jose E. Serrano.