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115th Congress    }                                   {         Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                   {        115-472

======================================================================



 
                    WOMEN IN AEROSPACE EDUCATION ACT

                                _______
                                

 December 18, 2017.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on 
            the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

     Mr. Smith of Texas, from the Committee on Science, Space, and 
                  Technology, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 4254]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, to whom 
was referred the bill (H.R. 4254) to amend the National Science 
Foundation Authorization Act of 2002 to strengthen the 
aerospace workforce pipeline by the promotion of Robert Noyce 
Teacher Scholarship Program and National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration internship and fellowship opportunities to 
women, and for other purposes, having considered the same, 
report favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend that 
the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Committee Statement and Views....................................     2
Section-by-Section...............................................     3
Explanation of Amendments........................................     3
Committee Consideration..........................................     3
Application of Law to the Legislative Branch.....................     3
Statement of Oversight Findings and Recommendations of the 
  Committee......................................................     4
Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives............     4
Duplication of Federal Programs..................................     4
Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings..............................     4
Federal Advisory Committee Act...................................     4
Unfunded Mandate Statement.......................................     4
Earmark Identification...........................................     4
Committee Estimate...............................................     4
Budget Authority and Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate...     5
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill as Reported.............     6
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Women in Aerospace Education Act''.

SEC. 2. ROBERT NOYCE TEACHER SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FELLOWSHIP 
                    OPPORTUNITIES.

  (a) In General.--The National Science Foundation Authorization Act of 
2002 (Public Law 107-368; 42 U.S.C. 1862n et seq.) is amended--
          (1) in section 10(a)(3)(A)(iv), by inserting ``, including 
        research experiences at national laboratories and NASA 
        centers'' before the semicolon; and
          (2) in section 10A(c)(4)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) providing internship opportunities for fellows, 
                including research experiences at national laboratories 
                and NASA Centers.''.
  (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to grants awarded on or after October 1, 2018.

SEC. 3. NASA INTERNSHIP AND FELLOWSHIP OPPORTUNITIES.

  Not later than October 1, 2018, the Administrator of the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration (in this section referred to as 
``NASA'') shall institute a process to prioritize the recruitment of 
qualified candidates who are women or individuals who are historically 
underrepresented in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and 
mathematics (STEM) and computer science for internships and fellowships 
at NASA with relevance to the aerospace sector and related fields.

                     Committee Statement and Views


                          PURPOSE AND SUMMARY

    H.R. 4254, the ``Women in Aerospace Education Act'', is 
sponsored by Rep. Stephen Knight and Rep. Elizabeth Esty. The 
purpose of H.R. 4254 is to strengthen the aerospace workforce 
pipeline through the promotion of the Robert Noyce Teacher 
Scholarship Program and NASA internship and fellowship 
opportunities to women.

                  BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION

    A fifth of U.S. aerospace engineers are of retirement age 
and are beginning to exit the workforce, which will create a 
shortfall in the aerospace workforce, affecting national 
security preparedness.
    Women represent only about one-quarter of all science, 
technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workers and 
represent approximately 15 percent of all aerospace engineers. 
In order to improve the STEM education pipeline, more young 
American students, including women, must pursue STEM education 
all the way through completion of their degree. Mentorship 
plays an important role in encouraging young women to pursue 
STEM careers.
    The Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program, which helps 
give STEM majors and professionals financial stipends and 
training assistance from the National Science Foundation (NSF) 
in return for teaching service, on a limited basis, is 
providing scholars an opportunity to gain research experience 
in NASA Centers and national laboratories. Once scholars become 
certified and go on to teach K-12 in underserved schools, they 
can draw upon the work they did on public initiatives in 
science and technology.
    H.R. 4254, as amended, directs NSF to allow Noyce Scholars 
and Noyce Fellowship recipient institutions to use awarded 
funds to encourage internship experiences for bachelors and 
masters students at national laboratories and NASA centers. The 
bill also encourages NASA to more actively promote its 
internship and fellowship opportunities to women and 
individuals from historically underrepresented groups.

                          LEGISLATIVE HISTORY

    On November 15, the full Committee amended and approved by 
voice vote H.R. 4254, the Women in Aerospace Education Act.

                            COMMITTEE VIEWS

    The Committee encourages the NSF Director, when 
implementing the Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program, to 
prioritize outreach to women and other individuals from groups 
historically underrepresented in aerospace engineering and 
related fields.

                           Section-by-Section


Sec. 1. Short title

    Women in Aerospace Education Act.

Sec. 2. Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program fellowship 
        opportunities

    This section amends section 10 and section 10A of the 
National Science Foundation Authorization Act of 2002 to 
include providing research experiences at national laboratories 
and NASA centers.

Sec. 3. NASA internship and fellowship opportunities

    This section requires the NASA Administrator to prioritize 
the recruitment of female candidates or other underrepresented 
individuals in STEM fields for computer science and aerospace 
internships and fellowships at NASA.

                       Explanation of Amendments

    An amendment offered by Representative Stephen Knight was 
adopted by the Committee. The amendment replaced subsection 
2(a) to authorize the Noyce Program to provide its fellows and 
scholars research and internship experiences at national 
laboratories and NASA centers.

                        Committee Consideration

    On November 15, 2017, the Committee met in open session and 
ordered reported favorably the bill, H.R. 4254, as amended, by 
voice vote, a quorum being present.

              Application of Law to the Legislative Branch

    Section 102(b)(3) of Public Law 104-1 requires a 
description of the application of this bill to the legislative 
branch where the bill relates to the terms and conditions of 
employment or access to public services and accommodations. 
This bill would strengthen the aerospace workforce pipeline 
through the promotion of the Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship 
Program and NASA internship and fellowship opportunities to 
women. As such, this bill does not relate to employment or 
access to public services and accommodations.

  Statement of Oversight Findings and Recommendations of the Committee

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII and clause 
(2)(b)(1) of rule X of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee's oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the descriptive portions of 
this report.

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    H.R. 4254 would strengthen the aerospace workforce pipeline 
by the promotion of the Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship 
Program and NASA internship and fellowship opportunities to 
women.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    No provision of H.R. 4254 establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                  Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings

    The Committee estimates that enacting H.R. 4254 does not 
direct the completion of any specific rule makings within the 
meaning of 5 U.S.C. 551.

                     Federal Advisory Committee Act

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not establish 
or authorize the establishment of an advisory committee within 
the definition of 5 U.S.C. App., Section 5(b).

                       Unfunded Mandate Statement

    Section 423 of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment 
Control Act (as amended by Section 101(a)(2) of the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act, P.L. 104-4) requires a statement as to 
whether the provisions of the reported include unfunded 
mandates. In compliance with this requirement the Committee has 
received a letter from the Congressional Budget Office included 
herein.

                         Earmark Identification

    H.R. 4254 does not include any congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined in 
clause 9 of rule XXI.

                           Committee Estimate

    Clause 3(d)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires an estimate and a comparison by the 
Committee of the costs that would be incurred in carrying out 
H.R. 4254. However, clause 3(d)(3)(B) of that rule provides 
that this requirement does not apply when the Committee has 
included in its report a timely submitted cost estimate of the 
bill prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act.

     Budget Authority and Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 
308(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and with respect 
to requirements of clause (3)(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives and section 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee has received 
the following cost estimate for H.R. 4254 from the Director of 
Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                  Washington, DC, December 5, 2017.
Hon. Lamar Smith,
Chairman, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 4254, the Women in 
Aerospace Education Act.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Janani 
Shankaran.
            Sincerely,
                                                Keith Hall,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.

H.R. 4254--Women in Aerospace Education Act

    H.R. 4254 would modify the requirements of certain National 
Science Foundation (NSF) programs that promote wider 
participation by women in internships and fellowships with the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the 
Department of Energy's national laboratories. Those changes 
would apply to NSF grants awarded on or after October 1, 2018. 
The bill also would require NASA to prioritize the recruitment 
of qualified women and people in other historically 
underrepresented groups in science, technology, engineering, 
and mathematics and in computer science internships and 
fellowships.
    CBO expects that implementing H.R. 4254 could lead to a 
small increase in the administrative work of the NSF and NASA 
to modify program requirements and to ensure compliance. Using 
information from those agencies, CBO estimates that 
implementing the bill would cost less than $500,000 over the 
2018-2022 period; any such spending would be subject to the 
availability of appropriated funds.
    Enacting H.R. 4254 would not affect direct spending or 
revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 4254 would not increase 
net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
    H.R. 4254 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Janani 
Shankaran. The estimate was approved by H. Samuel Papenfuss, 
Deputy Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

         NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2002




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SEC. 10. ROBERT NOYCE TEACHER SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

  (a) Scholarship Program.--
          (1) In general.--The Director shall carry out a 
        program to award grants to eligible entities to recruit 
        and train mathematics and science teachers and to 
        provide scholarships and stipends to individuals 
        participating in the program. Such program shall be 
        known as the ``Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship 
        Program''.
          (2) Merit review.--Grants shall be provided under 
        this section on a competitive, merit-reviewed basis.
          (3) Use of grants.--A grant provided under this 
        section shall be used by the eligible entity--
                  (A) to develop and implement a program to 
                recruit and prepare undergraduate students 
                majoring in science, technology, engineering, 
                and mathematics at the eligible entity (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) to become 
                qualified as mathematics and science teachers, 
                through--
                          (i) administering scholarships in 
                        accordance with subsection (c);
                          (ii) offering academic courses and 
                        early clinical teaching experiences 
                        designed to prepare students 
                        participating in the program to teach 
                        in elementary schools and secondary 
                        schools, including such preparation as 
                        is necessary to meet requirements for 
                        teacher certification or licensing;
                          (iii) offering programs to students 
                        participating in the program, both 
                        before and after the students receive 
                        their baccalaureate degree, to enable 
                        the students to become better 
                        mathematics and science teachers, to 
                        fulfill the service requirements of 
                        this section, and to exchange ideas 
                        with others in the students' fields; 
                        and
                          (iv) providing summer internships for 
                        freshman and sophomore students 
                        participating in the program, including 
                        research experiences at national 
                        laboratories and NASA centers; or
                  (B) to develop and implement a program to 
                recruit and prepare science, technology, 
                engineering, or mathematics professionals to 
                become qualified as mathematics and science 
                teachers, through--
                          (i) administering stipends in 
                        accordance with subsection (d);
                          (ii) offering academic courses and 
                        clinical teaching experiences designed 
                        to prepare stipend recipients to teach 
                        in elementary schools and secondary 
                        schools served by a high need local 
                        educational agency, including such 
                        preparation as is necessary to meet 
                        requirements for teacher certification 
                        or licensing; and
                          (iii) offering programs to stipend 
                        recipients, both during and after 
                        matriculation in the program for which 
                        the stipend is received, to enable 
                        recipients to become better mathematics 
                        and science teachers, to fulfill the 
                        service requirements of this section, 
                        and to exchange ideas with others in 
                        the students' fields.
          (4) Eligibility requirement.--
                  (A) In general.--To be eligible to receive a 
                grant under this section, an eligible entity 
                shall ensure that specific faculty members and 
                staff from the science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics departments and 
                specific education faculty of the eligible 
                entity (and participating institutions of 
                higher education of the consortium, if 
                applicable) are designated to carry out the 
                development and implementation of the program.
                  (B) Inclusion of master teachers.--An 
                eligible entity (and participating institutions 
                of higher education of the consortium, if 
                applicable) receiving a grant under this 
                section may also include master teachers in the 
                development of the pedagogical content of the 
                program and in the supervision of students 
                participating in the program in their clinical 
                teaching experiences.
                  (C) Active participants.--No eligible entity 
                (or participating institution of higher 
                education of the consortium, if applicable) 
                shall be eligible for a grant under this 
                section unless faculty from the science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics 
                departments of the eligible entity (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) are active 
                participants in the program.
          (5) Awards.--In awarding grants under this section, 
        the Director shall ensure that the eligible entities 
        (and participating institutions of higher education of 
        the consortia, if applicable) represent a variety of 
        types of institutions of higher education. In support 
        of this goal, the Director shall broadly disseminate 
        information about when and how to apply for grants 
        under this section, including by conducting outreach 
        to--
                  (A) historically Black colleges and 
                universities that are part B institutions, as 
                defined in section 322(2) of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061(2)); and
                  (B) minority institutions, as defined in 
                section 365(3) of the Higher Education Act of 
                1965 (20 U.S.C. 1067k(3)).
          (6) Supplement not supplant.--Grant funds provided 
        under this section shall be used to supplement, and not 
        supplant, other Federal or State funds available for 
        the type of activities supported by the grant.
  (b) Selection Process.--
          (1) Application.--An eligible entity seeking funding 
        under this section shall submit an application to the 
        Director at such time, in such manner, and containing 
        such information as the Director may require. The 
        application shall include, at a minimum--
                  (A) in the case of an applicant that is 
                submitting an application on behalf of a 
                consortium of institutions of higher education, 
                a description of the participating institutions 
                of higher education and the roles and 
                responsibilities of each such institution;
                  (B) a description of the program that the 
                applicant intends to operate, including the 
                number of scholarships and summer internships 
                or the size and number of stipends the 
                applicant intends to award, the type of 
                activities proposed for the recruitment of 
                students to the program, and the selection 
                process that will be used in awarding the 
                scholarships or stipends;
                  (C) evidence that the applicant has the 
                capability to administer the program in 
                accordance with the provisions of this section, 
                which may include a description of any existing 
                programs at the applicant eligible entity (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) that are 
                targeted to the education of mathematics and 
                science teachers and the number of teachers 
                graduated annually from such programs;
                  (D) a description of the academic courses and 
                clinical teaching experiences required under 
                subparagraphs (A)(ii) and (B)(ii) of subsection 
                (a)(3), as applicable, including--
                          (i) a description of the 
                        undergraduate program that will enable 
                        a student to graduate within 5 years 
                        with a major in science, technology, 
                        engineering, or mathematics and to 
                        obtain teacher certification or 
                        licensing;
                          (ii) a description of the clinical 
                        teaching experiences proposed; and
                          (iii) evidence of agreements between 
                        the applicant and the schools or local 
                        educational agencies that are 
                        identified as the locations at which 
                        clinical teaching experiences will 
                        occur;
                  (E) a description of the programs required 
                under subparagraphs (A)(iii) and (B)(iii) of 
                subsection (a)(3), including activities to 
                assist new teachers in fulfilling the teachers' 
                service requirements under this section;
                  (F) an identification of the applicant 
                eligible entity's science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics faculty and its 
                education faculty (and such faculty of 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) who will 
                carry out the development and implementation of 
                the program as required under subsection 
                (a)(4); and
                  (G) a description of the process the 
                applicant will use to fulfill the requirements 
                of subsection (f).
          (2) Review of applications.--In evaluating the 
        applications submitted under paragraph (1), the 
        Director shall consider, at a minimum--
                  (A) the ability of the applicant (and the 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) to 
                effectively carry out the program;
                  (B) the extent to which the applicant's 
                science, technology, engineering, and 
                mathematics faculty and its education faculty 
                (and such faculty of participating institutions 
                of higher education of the consortium, if 
                applicable) have worked or will work 
                collaboratively to design new or revised 
                curricula that recognize the specialized 
                pedagogy required to teach science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics effectively in 
                elementary schools and secondary schools;
                  (C) the extent to which the applicant (and 
                the participating institutions of higher 
                education of the consortium, if applicable) is 
                committed to making the program a central 
                organizational focus;
                  (D) the degree to which the proposed 
                programming will enable scholarship or stipend 
                recipients to become successful mathematics and 
                science teachers;
                  (E) the number and academic qualifications of 
                the students who will be served by the program; 
                and
                  (F) the ability of the applicant (and the 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) to recruit 
                students who would otherwise not pursue a 
                career in teaching in elementary schools or 
                secondary schools and students who are 
                individuals identified in section 33 or 34 of 
                the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a or 1885b).
  (c) Scholarship Requirements.--
          (1) In general.--Scholarships under this section 
        shall be available only to students who--
                  (A) are majoring in science, technology, 
                engineering, or mathematics; and
                  (B) have attained at least junior status in a 
                baccalaureate degree program.
          (2) Selection.--Individuals shall be selected to 
        receive scholarships primarily on the basis of academic 
        merit, with consideration given to financial need and 
        to the goal of promoting the participation of 
        individuals identified in section 33 or 34 of the 
        Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (42 
        U.S.C. 1885a or 1885b).
          (3) Amount.--The Director shall establish for each 
        year the amount to be awarded for scholarships under 
        this section for that year, which shall be not less 
        than $10,000 per year, except that no individual shall 
        receive for any year more than the cost of attendance 
        at that individual's institution. Full-time students 
        may receive annual scholarships through the completion 
        of a baccalaureate degree program, not to exceed a 
        maximum of 3 years. Part-time students may receive 
        scholarships that are prorated according to such 
        students' enrollment status, not to exceed 6 years of 
        scholarship support.
          (4) Service obligation.--If an individual receives a 
        scholarship under this section, such individual shall 
        be required to complete, within 8 years after 
        graduation from the baccalaureate degree program for 
        which the scholarship was awarded, 2 years of service 
        as a mathematics or science teacher for each full 
        scholarship award received, with a maximum service 
        requirement of 6 years. Service required under this 
        paragraph shall be performed in a high need local 
        educational agency.
  (d) Stipends.--
          (1) In general.--Stipends under this section shall be 
        available only to science, technology, engineering, or 
        mathematics professionals who, while receiving the 
        stipend, are enrolled in a program established under 
        subsection (a)(3)(B).
          (2) Selection.--Individuals shall be selected to 
        receive stipends under this section primarily on the 
        basis of academic merit and professional achievement, 
        with consideration given to financial need and to the 
        goal of promoting the participation of individuals 
        identified in section 33 or 34 of the Science and 
        Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a or 
        1885b).
          (3) Amount and duration.--Stipends under this section 
        shall be not less than $10,000 per year, except that no 
        individual shall receive for any year more than the 
        cost of attendance at such individual's institution. 
        Individuals may receive a maximum of 1 year of stipend 
        support, except that if an individual is enrolled in a 
        part-time program, such amount shall be prorated 
        according to the length of the program.
          (4) Service obligation.--If an individual receives a 
        stipend under this section, such individual shall be 
        required to complete, within 4 years after graduation 
        from the program for which the stipend was awarded, 2 
        years of service as a mathematics or science teacher. 
        Service required under this paragraph shall be 
        performed in a high need local educational agency.
  (e) Conditions of Support.--As a condition of acceptance of a 
scholarship or stipend under this section, a recipient of a 
scholarship or stipend shall enter into an agreement with the 
eligible entity--
          (1) accepting the terms of the scholarship or stipend 
        pursuant to subsection (c) or subsection (d);
          (2) agreeing to provide the eligible entity with 
        annual certification of employment and up-to-date 
        contact information and to participate in surveys 
        conducted by the eligible entity as part of an ongoing 
        assessment program; and
          (3) establishing that if the service obligation 
        required under this section is not completed, all or a 
        portion of the scholarship or stipend received under 
        this section shall be repaid in accordance with 
        subsection (g).
  (f) Collection for Noncompliance.--
          (1) Monitoring compliance.--An eligible entity 
        receiving a grant under this section shall, as a 
        condition of participating in the program, enter into 
        an agreement with the Director to monitor the 
        compliance of scholarship or stipend recipients with 
        their respective service requirements.
          (2) Collection of repayment.--
                  (A) In general.--In the event that a 
                scholarship or stipend recipient is required to 
                repay the scholarship or stipend under 
                subsection (g), the eligible entity shall--
                          (i) be responsible for determining 
                        the repayment amounts and for notifying 
                        the recipient and the Director of the 
                        amount owed; and
                          (ii) collect such repayment amount 
                        within a period of time as determined 
                        under the agreement described in 
                        paragraph (1), or the repayment amount 
                        shall be treated as a loan in 
                        accordance with subparagraph (C).
                  (B) Returned to treasury.--Except as provided 
                in subparagraph (C), any such repayment shall 
                be returned to the Treasury of the United 
                States.
                  (C) Retain percentage.--An eligible entity 
                may retain a percentage of any repayment the 
                eligible entity collects to defray 
                administrative costs associated with the 
                collection. The Director shall establish a 
                single, fixed percentage that will apply to all 
                eligible entities.
  (g) Failure to Complete Service Obligation.--
          (1) General rule.--If an individual who has received 
        a scholarship or stipend under this section--
                  (A) fails to maintain an acceptable level of 
                academic standing in the educational 
                institution in which the individual is 
                enrolled, as determined by the Director;
                  (B) is dismissed from such educational 
                institution for disciplinary reasons;
                  (C) withdraws from the program for which the 
                award was made before the completion of such 
                program;
                  (D) declares that the individual does not 
                intend to fulfill the service obligation under 
                this section; or
                  (E) fails to fulfill the service obligation 
                of the individual under this section,
        such individual shall be liable to the United States as 
        provided in paragraph (2).
          (2) Amount of repayment.--
                  (A) Less than one year of service.--If a 
                circumstance described in paragraph (1) occurs 
                before the completion of 1 year of a service 
                obligation under this section, the total amount 
                of awards received by the individual under this 
                section shall be repaid or such amount shall be 
                treated as a loan to be repaid in accordance 
                with subparagraph (C).
                  (B) More than one year of service.--If a 
                circumstance described in subparagraph (D) or 
                (E) of paragraph (1) occurs after the 
                completion of 1 year of a service obligation 
                under this section--
                          (i) for a scholarship recipient, the 
                        total amount of scholarship awards 
                        received by the individual under this 
                        section, reduced by the ratio of the 
                        number of years of service completed 
                        divided by the number of years of 
                        service required, shall be repaid or 
                        such amount shall be treated as a loan 
                        to be repaid in accordance with 
                        subparagraph (C); and
                          (ii) for a stipend recipient, one-
                        half of the total amount of stipends 
                        received by the individual under this 
                        section shall be repaid or such amount 
                        shall be treated as a loan to be repaid 
                        in accordance with subparagraph (C).
                  (C) Repayments.--The loans described under 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall be payable to 
                the Federal Government, consistent with the 
                provisions of part B or D of title IV of the 
                Higher Education Act of 1965, and shall be 
                subject to repayment in accordance with terms 
                and conditions specified by the Director (in 
                consultation with the Secretary of Education) 
                in regulations promulgated to carry out this 
                paragraph.
          (3) Exceptions.--The Director may provide for the 
        partial or total waiver or suspension of any service or 
        payment obligation by an individual under this section 
        whenever compliance by the individual with the 
        obligation is impossible or would involve extreme 
        hardship to the individual, or if enforcement of such 
        obligation with respect to the individual would be 
        unconscionable.
  (h) Data Collection.--An eligible entity receiving a grant 
under this section shall supply to the Director any relevant 
statistical and demographic data on scholarship and stipend 
recipients the Director may request, including information on 
employment required under this section.
  (i) Definitions.--In this section--
          (1) the term ``cost of attendance'' has the meaning 
        given such term in section 472 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087ll);
          (2) the term ``eligible entity'' means--
                  (A) an institution of higher education; or
                  (B) an institution of higher education that 
                receives grant funds on behalf of a consortium 
                of institutions of higher education;
          (3) the term ``fellowship'' means an award to an 
        individual under section 10A;
          (4) the term ``high need local educational agency'' 
        has the meaning given such term in section 201 of the 
        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1021);
          (5) the term ``mathematics and science teacher'' 
        means a science, computer science, technology, 
        engineering, or mathematics teacher at the elementary 
        school or secondary school level;
          (6) the term ``scholarship'' means an award under 
        subsection (c);
          (7) the term ``science, technology, engineering, or 
        mathematics professional'' means a person who holds a 
        baccalaureate, master's, or doctoral degree in science, 
        technology, engineering, or mathematics, and is working 
        in or had a career in such field or a related area; and
          (8) the term ``stipend'' means an award under 
        subsection (d).
  (j) Mathematics and Science Scholarship Gift Fund.--In 
accordance with section 11(f) of the National Science 
Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1870(f)), the Director is 
authorized to accept donations from the private sector to 
supplement but not supplant scholarships, stipends, 
internships, or fellowships associated with programs under this 
section or section 10A.
  (k) Assessment of Teacher Service and Retention.--Not later 
than 4 years after the date of enactment of the America 
COMPETES Act, the Director shall transmit to the Committee on 
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the 
Committee on Science and Technology of the House of 
Representatives a report on the effectiveness of the programs 
carried out under this section and section 10A. The report 
shall include the proportion of individuals receiving 
scholarships, stipends, or fellowships under the program who--
          (1) fulfill the individuals' service obligation 
        required under this section or section 10A;
          (2) remain in the teaching profession beyond the 
        individuals' service obligation; and
          (3) remain in the teaching profession in a high need 
        local educational agency beyond the individuals' 
        service obligation.
  (l) Evaluation.--Not less than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of the America COMPETES Act, the Director, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Education, shall conduct an 
evaluation to determine whether the scholarships, stipends, and 
fellowships authorized under this section and section 10A have 
been effective in increasing the numbers of high-quality 
mathematics and science teachers teaching in high need local 
educational agencies and whether there continue to exist 
significant shortages of such teachers in high need local 
educational agencies.

SEC. 10A. NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION TEACHING FELLOWSHIPS AND MASTER 
                    TEACHING FELLOWSHIPS.

  (a) In General.--
          (1) Grants.--
                  (A) In general.--As part of the Robert Noyce 
                Teacher Scholarship Program established under 
                section 10, the Director shall establish a 
                separate program to award grants to eligible 
                entities to enable such entities to administer 
                fellowships in accordance with this section.
                  (B) Definitions.--The terms used in this 
                section have the meanings given the terms in 
                section 10.
          (2) Fellowships.--Fellowships under this section 
        shall be available only to--
                  (A) science, technology, engineering, or 
                mathematics professionals, including retiring 
                professionals in those fields, who shall be 
                referred to as ``National Science Foundation 
                Teaching Fellows'' and who, in the first year 
                of the fellowship, are enrolled in a master's 
                degree program leading to teacher certification 
                or licensing; and
                  (B) mathematics and science teachers, who 
                shall be referred to as ``National Science 
                Foundation Master Teaching Fellows'' and who 
                possess a master's or bachelor's degree in 
                their field.
  (b) Eligibility.--In order to be eligible to receive a grant 
under this section, an eligible entity shall enter into a 
partnership that shall include--
          (1) a department within an institution of higher 
        education participating in the partnership that 
        provides an advanced program of study in mathematics 
        and science;
          (2)(A) a school or department within an institution 
        of higher education participating in the partnership 
        that provides a teacher preparation program; or
          (B) a 2-year institution of higher education that has 
        a teacher preparation offering or a dual enrollment 
        program with an institution of higher education 
        participating in the partnership;
          (3) not less than 1 high need local educational 
        agency and a public school or a consortium of public 
        schools served by the agency; and
          (4) 1 or more nonprofit organizations that have a 
        demonstrated record of capacity to provide expertise or 
        support to meet the purposes of this section.
  (c) Use of Grants.--Grants awarded under this section shall 
be used by the eligible entity (and participating institutions 
of higher education of the consortium, if applicable) to 
develop and implement a program for National Science Foundation 
Teaching Fellows or National Science Foundation Master Teaching 
Fellows, through--
          (1) administering fellowships in accordance with this 
        section, including providing the teaching fellowship 
        salary supplements described in subsection (f);
          (2) in the case of National Science Foundation 
        Teaching Fellowships--
                  (A) offering academic courses and clinical 
                teaching experiences leading to a master's 
                degree and designed to prepare individuals to 
                teach in elementary schools and secondary 
                schools, including such preparation as is 
                necessary to meet the requirements for 
                certification or licensing; and
                  (B) offering programs both during and after 
                matriculation in the program for which the 
                fellowship is received to enable fellows to 
                become highly effective mathematics and science 
                teachers, including mentoring, training, 
                induction, and professional development 
                activities, to fulfill the service requirements 
                of this section, including the requirements of 
                subsection (e), and to exchange ideas with 
                others in their fields;
          (3) in the case of National Science Foundation Master 
        Teaching Fellowships for teachers with master's degrees 
        in their field--
                  (A) offering academic courses and leadership 
                training to prepare individuals to become 
                master teachers in elementary schools and 
                secondary schools; and
                  (B) offering programs both during and after 
                matriculation in the program for which the 
                fellowship is received to enable fellows to 
                become highly effective mathematics and science 
                teachers, including mentoring, training, 
                induction, and professional development 
                activities, to fulfill the service requirements 
                of this section, including the requirements of 
                subsection (e), and to exchange ideas with 
                others in their fields; and
          (4) in the case of National Science Foundation Master 
        Teaching Fellowships for teachers with bachelor's 
        degrees in their field and working toward a master's 
        degree--
                  (A) offering academic courses leading to a 
                master's degree and leadership training to 
                prepare individuals to become master teachers 
                in elementary and secondary schools; [and]
                  (B) offering programs both during and after 
                matriculation in the program for which the 
                fellowship is received to enable fellows to 
                become highly effective mathematics and science 
                teachers, including mentoring, training, 
                induction, and professional development 
                activities, to fulfill the service requirements 
                of this section, including the requirements of 
                subsection (e), and to exchange ideas with 
                others in their fields[.]; and
                  (C) providing internship opportunities for 
                fellows, including research experiences at 
                national laboratories and NASA Centers.
  (d) Selection Process.--
          (1) Merit review.--Grants shall be awarded under this 
        section on a competitive, merit-reviewed basis.
          (2) Applications.--An eligible entity desiring a 
        grant under this section shall submit an application to 
        the Director at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information as the Director may 
        require. The application shall include, at a minimum--
                  (A) in the case of an applicant that is 
                submitting an application on behalf of a 
                consortium of institutions of higher education, 
                a description of the participating institutions 
                of higher education and the roles and 
                responsibilities of each such institution;
                  (B) a description of the program that the 
                applicant intends to operate, including the 
                number of fellowships the applicant intends to 
                award, the type of activities proposed for the 
                recruitment of students to the program, and the 
                amount of the teaching fellowship salary 
                supplements to be provided in accordance with 
                subsection (f);
                  (C) evidence that the applicant has the 
                capability to administer the program in 
                accordance with the provisions of this section, 
                which may include a description of any existing 
                programs at the applicant eligible entity (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) that are 
                targeted to the education of mathematics and 
                science teachers and the number of teachers 
                graduated annually from such programs;
                  (D) in the case of National Science 
                Foundation Teaching Fellowships, a description 
                of--
                          (i) the selection process that will 
                        be used in awarding fellowships, 
                        including a description of the rigorous 
                        measures to be used, including the 
                        rigorous, nationally recognized 
                        assessments to be used, in order to 
                        determine whether individuals applying 
                        for fellowships have advanced content 
                        knowledge of science, technology, 
                        engineering, or mathematics;
                          (ii) the academic courses and 
                        clinical teaching experiences described 
                        in subsection (c)(2)(A), including--
                                  (I) a description of an 
                                educational program that will 
                                enable a student to obtain a 
                                master's degree and teacher 
                                certification or licensing 
                                within 1 year; and
                                  (II) evidence of agreements 
                                between the applicant and the 
                                schools or local educational 
                                agencies that are identified as 
                                the locations at which clinical 
                                teaching experiences will 
                                occur;
                          (iii) a description of the programs 
                        described in subsection (c)(2)(B), 
                        including activities to assist 
                        individuals in fulfilling their service 
                        requirements under this section;
                  (E) evidence that the eligible entity will 
                provide the teaching supplements required under 
                subsection (f); and
                  (F) a description of the process the 
                applicant will use to fulfill the requirements 
                of section 10(f).
          (3) Criteria.--In evaluating the applications 
        submitted under paragraph (2), the Director shall 
        consider, at a minimum--
                  (A) the ability of the applicant (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) to 
                effectively carry out the program and to meet 
                the requirements of subsection (f);
                  (B) the extent to which the mathematics, 
                science, or engineering faculty and the 
                education faculty at the eligible entity (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) have worked 
                or will work collaboratively to design new or 
                revised curricula that recognizes the 
                specialized pedagogy required to teach science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics 
                effectively in elementary schools and secondary 
                schools;
                  (C) the extent to which the applicant (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) is committed 
                to making the program a central organizational 
                focus;
                  (D) the degree to which the proposed 
                programming will enable participants to become 
                highly effective mathematics and science 
                teachers and prepare such participants to 
                assume leadership roles in their schools, in 
                addition to their regular classroom duties, 
                including serving as mentor or master teachers, 
                developing curriculum, and assisting in the 
                development and implementation of professional 
                development activities;
                  (E) the number and quality of the individuals 
                that will be served by the program; and
                  (F) in the case of the National Science 
                Foundation Teaching Fellowship, the ability of 
                the applicant (and participating institutions 
                of higher education of the consortium, if 
                applicable) to recruit individuals who would 
                otherwise not pursue a career in teaching and 
                individuals identified in section 33 or 34 of 
                the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 1855a or 1855b).
          (4) Selection of fellows.--
                  (A) In general.--Individuals shall be 
                selected to receive fellowships under this 
                section primarily on the basis of--
                          (i) professional achievement;
                          (ii) academic merit;
                          (iii) content knowledge of science, 
                        technology, engineering, or 
                        mathematics, as demonstrated by their 
                        performance on an assessment in 
                        accordance with paragraph (2)(D)(i); 
                        and
                          (iv) in the case of National Science 
                        Foundation Master Teaching Fellows, 
                        demonstrated success in improving 
                        student academic achievement in 
                        science, technology, engineering, or 
                        mathematics.
                  (B) Promoting participation of certain 
                individuals.--Among individuals demonstrating 
                equivalent qualifications, consideration may be 
                given to the goal of promoting the 
                participation of individuals identified in 
                section 33 or 34 of the Science and Engineering 
                Equal Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a or 
                1885b).
  (e) Duties of National Science Foundation Teaching Fellows 
and Master Teaching Fellows.--A National Science Foundation 
Teaching Fellow or a National Science Foundation Master 
Teaching Fellow, while fulfilling the service obligation under 
subsection (h) and in addition to regular classroom activities, 
shall take on a leadership role within the school or local 
educational agency in which the fellow is employed, as defined 
by the partnership according to such fellow's expertise, 
including serving as a mentor or master teacher, developing 
curricula, and assisting in the development and implementation 
of professional development activities.
  (f) Teaching Fellowship Salary Supplements.--
          (1) In general.--An eligible entity receiving a grant 
        under this section shall provide salary supplements to 
        individuals who participate in the program under this 
        section during the period of their service obligation 
        under subsection (h). A local educational agency 
        through which the service obligation is fulfilled shall 
        agree not to reduce the base salary normally paid to an 
        individual solely because such individual receives a 
        salary supplement under this subsection.
          (2) Amount and duration.--
                  (A) Amount.--Salary supplements provided 
                under paragraph (1) shall be not less than 
                $10,000 per year, except that, in the case of a 
                National Science Foundation Teaching Fellow, 
                while enrolled in the master's degree program 
                as described in subsection (c)(2)(A), such 
                fellow shall receive not more than the cost of 
                attendance at such fellow's institution.
                  (B) Support while enrolled in master's degree 
                program.--A National Science Foundation 
                Teaching Fellow may receive a maximum of 1 year 
                of fellowship support while enrolled in a 
                master's degree program as described in 
                subsection (c)(2)(A), except that if such 
                fellow is enrolled in a part-time program, such 
                amount shall be prorated according to the 
                length of the program.
                  (C) Duration of support.--An eligible entity 
                receiving a grant under this section shall 
                provide teaching fellowship salary supplements 
                through the period of the fellow's service 
                obligation under subsection (h).
  (g) Support for Master Teaching Fellows While Enrolled in a 
Master's Degree Program.--A National Science Foundation Master 
Teacher Fellow may receive a maximum of 1 year of fellowship 
support while enrolled in a master's degree program as 
described in subsection (c)(4)(A), except that if such fellow 
is enrolled in a part-time program, such amount shall be 
prorated according to the length of the program.
  (h) Service Obligation.--An individual awarded a fellowship 
under this section shall serve as a mathematics or science 
teacher in an elementary school or secondary school served by a 
high need local educational agency for--
          (1) in the case of a National Science Foundation 
        Teaching Fellow, 4 years, to be fulfilled within 6 
        years of completing the master's program described in 
        subsection (c)(2)(A); and
          (2) in the case of a National Science Foundation 
        Master Teaching Fellow, 5 years, to be fulfilled within 
        7 years of the start of participation in the program 
        under subsection (c)(3).
  (i) Matching Requirement.--
          (1) In general.--An eligible entity receiving a grant 
        under this section shall provide, from non-Federal 
        sources, to carry out the activities supported by the 
        grant--
                  (A) in the case of grants in an amount of 
                less than $1,500,000, an amount equal to at 
                least 30 percent of the amount of the grant, at 
                least one half of which shall be in cash; and
                  (B) in the case of grants in an amount of 
                $1,500,000 or more, an amount equal to at least 
                50 percent of the amount of the grant, at least 
                one half of which shall be in cash.
          (2) Waiver.--The Director may waive all or part of 
        the matching requirement described in paragraph (1) for 
        any fiscal year for an eligible entity receiving a 
        grant under this section, if the Director determines 
        that applying the matching requirement would result in 
        serious hardship or inability to carry out the 
        authorized activities described in this section.
  (j) Conditions of Support; Collection for Noncompliance; 
Failure to Complete Service Obligation; Data Collection.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) of section 10 shall 
        apply to eligible entities and recipients of 
        fellowships under this section, as applicable, in the 
        same manner as such subsections apply to eligible 
        entities and recipients of scholarships and stipends 
        under section 10, as applicable.
          (2) Amount of repayment.--If a circumstance described 
        in subparagraph (D) or (E) of section 10(g)(1) occurs 
        after the completion of 1 year of a service obligation 
        under this section--
                  (A) for a National Science Foundation 
                Teaching Fellow, the total amount of fellowship 
                award received by the individual under this 
                section while enrolled in the master's degree 
                program, reduced by one-fourth of the total 
                amount for each year of service completed, plus 
                one-half of the total teaching fellowship 
                salary supplements received by such individual 
                under this section, shall be repaid or such 
                amount shall be treated as a loan to be repaid 
                in accordance with section 10(g)(1)(C); and
                  (B) for a National Science Foundation Master 
                Teaching Fellow, the total amount of teaching 
                fellowship salary supplements received by the 
                individual under this section, reduced by one-
                half, shall be repaid or such amount shall be 
                treated as a loan to be repaid in accordance 
                with section 10(g)(1)(C).
  (k) STEM Teacher Service and Retention.--
          (1) In general.--The Director shall develop and 
        implement practices for increasing the proportion of 
        individuals receiving fellowships under this section 
        who--
                  (A) fulfill the service obligation required 
                under subsection (h); and
                  (B) remain in the teaching profession in a 
                high need local educational agency beyond the 
                service obligation.
          (2) Practices.--The practices described under 
        paragraph (1) may include--
                  (A) partnering with nonprofit or professional 
                associations or with other government entities 
                to provide individuals receiving fellowships 
                under this section with opportunities for 
                professional development, including mentorship 
                programs that pair those individuals with 
                currently employed and recently retired 
                science, technology, engineering, mathematics, 
                or computer science professionals;
                  (B) increasing recruitment from high need 
                districts;
                  (C) establishing a system to better collect, 
                track, and respond to data on the career 
                decisions of individuals receiving fellowships 
                under this section;
                  (D) conducting research to better understand 
                factors relevant to teacher service and 
                retention, including factors specifically 
                impacting the retention of teachers who are 
                individuals identified in sections 33 and 34 of 
                the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a, 1885b); and
                  (E) conducting pilot programs to improve 
                teacher service and retention.

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