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115th Congress    }                                     {       Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                     {      115-473

======================================================================



 
                SUPPORTING VETERANS IN STEM CAREERS ACT

                                _______
                                

 December 18, 2017.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on 
            the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

     Mr. Smith of Texas, from the Committee on Science, Space, and 
                  Technology, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 4323]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, to whom 
was referred the bill (H.R. 4323) to promote veteran 
involvement in STEM education, computer science, and scientific 
research, and for other purposes, having considered the same, 
report favorably thereon without amendment and recommend that 
the bill do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Committee Statement and Views....................................     1
Section-by-Section...............................................     3
Explanation of Amendments........................................     3
Committee Consideration..........................................     3
Application of Law to the Legislative Branch.....................     3
Statement of Oversight Findings and Recommendations of the 
  Committee......................................................     4
Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives............     4
Duplication of Federal Programs..................................     4
Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings..............................     4
Federal Advisory Committee Act...................................     4
Unfunded Mandate Statement.......................................     4
Earmark Identification...........................................     4
Committee Estimate...............................................     4
Budget Authority and Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate...     5
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill as Reported.............     6

                     Committee Statement and Views


                          PURPOSE AND SUMMARY

    H.R. 4323, the ``Supporting Veterans in STEM Careers Act,'' 
is sponsored by Rep. Neal Dunn and Rep. Mark Takano. The 
purpose of H.R. 4323 is to promote veteran involvement in 
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) 
education and careers, computer science, and scientific 
research.

                  BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION

    According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, STEM 
employment was projected to grow to more than 9 million between 
2012 and 2022, an increase of about 1 million jobs over 2012 
employment levels.
    In the next five years, between one million and 1.5 million 
members of the U.S. Armed Forces will leave the military, 
according to the Department of Defense. Many of these veterans 
will be seeking new careers. By a great margin, veterans cite 
finding employment as their number-one need when returning 
home.
    Research shows that many military veterans have skills and 
training that align with STEM careers, particularly in 
information technology (IT). However, research also reveals 
several systemic barriers veterans face as they re-enter the 
workforce, including a lack of formal STEM education, career 
guidance, and the difficult task of transferring military 
credits to college credits.

                          LEGISLATIVE HISTORY

    On March 9, 2017, the Research and Technology Subcommittee 
held a hearing entitled, ``National Science Foundation Part 1: 
Overview and Oversight.'' Witnesses were: Dr. France Cordova, 
Director, National Science Foundation; Ms. Allison Lerner, 
Inspector General, National Science Foundation.
    On March 21, 2017, the Research and Technology Subcommittee 
held a hearing entitled, ``National Science Foundation Part II: 
Future Opportunities and Challenges for Science.'' Witnesses 
were: Dr. Joan Ferrini-Mundy, Acting Chief Operating Officer, 
National Science Foundation; Dr. Maria Zuber, Chair, National 
Science Board; Dr. Jeffrey Spies, Co-Founder and Chief 
Technology Officer, Center for Open Science and Assistant 
Professor, University of Virginia; Dr. Keith Yamamoto, Vice 
Chancellor for Science Policy and Strategy, University of 
California, San Francisco.
    On July 26, 2017, the Research and Technology Subcommittee 
held a hearing entitled, ``STEM and Computer Science Education: 
Preparing the 21st Century Workforce.'' Witnesses were: Mr. 
James Brown, Executive Director, STEM Education Coalition; Mr. 
Pat Yongpradit, Chief Academic Officer, Code.org; Dr. A. Paul 
Alivisatos, Executive Vice Chancellor & Provost, Vice 
Chancellor for Research, and Professor of Chemistry and 
Materials Science & Engineering, University of California, 
Berkeley; Ms. Dee Mooney, Executive Director, Micron Technology 
Foundation.
    On November 15, the full Committee approved by voice vote 
H.R. 4323, the Supporting Veterans in STEM Careers Act.

                            COMMITTEE VIEWS

    The Committee encourages the Director of the White House 
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), when 
establishing the veterans and military families subcommittee of 
the Committee on STEM Education of the cabinet-level National 
Science and Technology Council (NSTC), to ensure it includes 
representation from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and 
other agencies and offices with expertise in veterans and 
military spouse issues. The Committee also encourages the OSTP 
Director to establish a public-private interface to seek input 
from relevant stakeholders in the subcommittee charter.

                           Section-by-Section


Sec. 1. Short title

    Supporting Veterans in STEM Careers Act.

Sec. 2. Definitions

    This section defines the terms ``director,'' 
``foundation,'' ``STEM,'' and ``veteran.''

Sec. 3. Supporting veterans in STEM education and computer science

    This section requires the Director of the National Science 
Foundation (NSF) to encourage veterans to study and pursue STEM 
and computer science careers. This section also instructs the 
NSF Director to submit a report to Congress, not later than 90 
days after enactment, detailing a plan for how NSF can enhance 
its outreach efforts to veterans. Further, this section 
requires the National Science Board to provide, in its annual 
indicators of the state of U.S. science and engineering, data 
on veterans' science and engineering education programs and 
careers.
    This section also amends the Robert Noyce Teacher 
Scholarship Program, the National Science Foundation 
Authorization Act of 2002, and the Cyber Security Research and 
Development Act of 2002 by adding language to include veteran 
outreach. Lastly, this section requires the OSTP Director to 
establish a subcommittee under the NSTC Committee on STEM 
Education to coordinate Federal programs and policies for 
transitioning and training veterans and military spouses for 
STEM careers.

                       Explanation of Amendments

    There were no amendments to this bill.

                        Committee Consideration

    On November 15, 2017, the Committee met in open session and 
ordered reported favorably the bill, H.R. 4323, by voice vote, 
a quorum being present.

              Application of Law to the Legislative Branch

    Section 102(b)(3) of Public Law 104-1 requires a 
description of the application of this bill to the legislative 
branch where the bill relates to the terms and conditions of 
employment or access to public services and accommodations. 
This bill would promote veteran involvement in STEM education, 
computer science, and scientific research. As such this bill 
does not relate to employment or access to public services and 
accommodations.

  Statement of Oversight Findings and Recommendations of the Committee

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII and clause 
(2)(b)(1) of rule X of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee's oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the descriptive portions of 
this report.

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    H.R. 4323 would promote veteran involvement in STEM 
education, computer science, and scientific research.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    No provision of H.R. 4323 establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                  Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings

    The Committee estimates that enacting H.R. 4323 does not 
direct the completion of any specific rule makings within the 
meaning of 5 U.S.C. 551.

                     Federal Advisory Committee Act

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not establish 
or authorize the establishment of an advisory committee within 
the definition of 5 U.S.C. App., Section 5(b).

                       Unfunded Mandate Statement

    Section 423 of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment 
Control Act (as amended by Section 101(a)(2) of the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act, P.L. 104-4) requires a statement as to 
whether the provisions of the reported include unfunded 
mandates. In compliance with this requirement the Committee has 
received a letter from the Congressional Budget Office included 
herein.

                         Earmark Identification

    H.R. 4323 does not include any congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined in 
clause 9 of rule XXI.

                           Committee Estimate

    Clause 3(d)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires an estimate and a comparison by the 
Committee of the costs that would be incurred in carrying out 
H.R. 4323. However, clause 3(d)(3)(B) of that rule provides 
that this requirement does not apply when the Committee has 
included in its report a timely submitted cost estimate of the 
bill prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act.

     Budget Authority and Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 
308(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and with respect 
to requirements of clause (3)(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives and section 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee has received 
the following cost estimate for H.R. 4323 from the Director of 
Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                  Washington, DC, December 5, 2017.
Hon. Lamar Smith,
Chairman, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 4323, the 
Supporting Veterans in STEM Careers Act.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Janani 
Shankaran.
            Sincerely,
                                                Keith Hall,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.

H.R. 4323--Supporting Veterans in STEM Careers Act

    H.R. 4323 would modify the requirements and selection 
criteria of certain National Science Foundation (NSF) programs 
that promote wider participation by veterans. The bill also 
would require the Office of Science and Technology Policy 
(OSTP) to establish a subcommittee under the existing Committee 
on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) 
Education to coordinate federal programs for transitioning 
veterans into careers in STEM and to develop a strategic plan 
to address barriers to STEM careers for veterans.
    Using information from the NSF and OSTP, CBO estimates that 
implementing the bill would cost $1 million over the 2018-2022 
period; such spending would be subject to the availability of 
appropriated funds. Most of those costs would be for OSTP 
personnel to manage additional subcommittee activities and to 
prepare the strategic plan.
    Enacting H.R. 4323 would not affect direct spending or 
revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 4323 would not increase 
net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
    H.R. 4323 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Janani 
Shankaran. The estimate was approved by H. Samuel Papenfuss, 
Deputy Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

         NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2002




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SEC. 10. ROBERT NOYCE TEACHER SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

  (a) Scholarship Program.--
          (1) In general.--The Director shall carry out a 
        program to award grants to eligible entities to recruit 
        and train mathematics and science teachers and to 
        provide scholarships and stipends to individuals 
        participating in the program. Such program shall be 
        known as the ``Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship 
        Program''.
          (2) Merit review.--Grants shall be provided under 
        this section on a competitive, merit-reviewed basis.
          (3) Use of grants.--A grant provided under this 
        section shall be used by the eligible entity--
                  (A) to develop and implement a program to 
                recruit and prepare undergraduate students 
                majoring in science, technology, engineering, 
                and mathematics at the eligible entity (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) to become 
                qualified as mathematics and science teachers, 
                through--
                          (i) administering scholarships in 
                        accordance with subsection (c);
                          (ii) offering academic courses and 
                        early clinical teaching experiences 
                        designed to prepare students 
                        participating in the program to teach 
                        in elementary schools and secondary 
                        schools, including such preparation as 
                        is necessary to meet requirements for 
                        teacher certification or licensing;
                          (iii) offering programs to students 
                        participating in the program, both 
                        before and after the students receive 
                        their baccalaureate degree, to enable 
                        the students to become better 
                        mathematics and science teachers, to 
                        fulfill the service requirements of 
                        this section, and to exchange ideas 
                        with others in the students' fields; 
                        and
                          (iv) providing summer internships for 
                        freshman and sophomore students 
                        participating in the program; or
                  (B) to develop and implement a program to 
                recruit and prepare science, technology, 
                engineering, or mathematics professionals to 
                become qualified as mathematics and science 
                teachers, through--
                          (i) administering stipends in 
                        accordance with subsection (d);
                          (ii) offering academic courses and 
                        clinical teaching experiences designed 
                        to prepare stipend recipients to teach 
                        in elementary schools and secondary 
                        schools served by a high need local 
                        educational agency, including such 
                        preparation as is necessary to meet 
                        requirements for teacher certification 
                        or licensing; and
                          (iii) offering programs to stipend 
                        recipients, both during and after 
                        matriculation in the program for which 
                        the stipend is received, to enable 
                        recipients to become better mathematics 
                        and science teachers, to fulfill the 
                        service requirements of this section, 
                        and to exchange ideas with others in 
                        the students' fields.
          (4) Eligibility requirement.--
                  (A) In general.--To be eligible to receive a 
                grant under this section, an eligible entity 
                shall ensure that specific faculty members and 
                staff from the science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics departments and 
                specific education faculty of the eligible 
                entity (and participating institutions of 
                higher education of the consortium, if 
                applicable) are designated to carry out the 
                development and implementation of the program.
                  (B) Inclusion of master teachers.--An 
                eligible entity (and participating institutions 
                of higher education of the consortium, if 
                applicable) receiving a grant under this 
                section may also include master teachers in the 
                development of the pedagogical content of the 
                program and in the supervision of students 
                participating in the program in their clinical 
                teaching experiences.
                  (C) Active participants.--No eligible entity 
                (or participating institution of higher 
                education of the consortium, if applicable) 
                shall be eligible for a grant under this 
                section unless faculty from the science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics 
                departments of the eligible entity (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) are active 
                participants in the program.
          (5) Awards.--In awarding grants under this section, 
        the Director shall ensure that the eligible entities 
        (and participating institutions of higher education of 
        the consortia, if applicable) represent a variety of 
        types of institutions of higher education. In support 
        of this goal, the Director shall broadly disseminate 
        information about when and how to apply for grants 
        under this section, including by conducting outreach 
        to--
                  (A) historically Black colleges and 
                universities that are part B institutions, as 
                defined in section 322(2) of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061(2)); 
                [and]
                  (B) minority institutions, as defined in 
                section 365(3) of the Higher Education Act of 
                1965 (20 U.S.C. 1067k(3))[.]; and
                  (C) higher education programs that serve or 
                support veterans.
          (6) Supplement not supplant.--Grant funds provided 
        under this section shall be used to supplement, and not 
        supplant, other Federal or State funds available for 
        the type of activities supported by the grant.
  (b) Selection Process.--
          (1) Application.--An eligible entity seeking funding 
        under this section shall submit an application to the 
        Director at such time, in such manner, and containing 
        such information as the Director may require. The 
        application shall include, at a minimum--
                  (A) in the case of an applicant that is 
                submitting an application on behalf of a 
                consortium of institutions of higher education, 
                a description of the participating institutions 
                of higher education and the roles and 
                responsibilities of each such institution;
                  (B) a description of the program that the 
                applicant intends to operate, including the 
                number of scholarships and summer internships 
                or the size and number of stipends the 
                applicant intends to award, the type of 
                activities proposed for the recruitment of 
                students to the program, and the selection 
                process that will be used in awarding the 
                scholarships or stipends;
                  (C) evidence that the applicant has the 
                capability to administer the program in 
                accordance with the provisions of this section, 
                which may include a description of any existing 
                programs at the applicant eligible entity (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) that are 
                targeted to the education of mathematics and 
                science teachers and the number of teachers 
                graduated annually from such programs;
                  (D) a description of the academic courses and 
                clinical teaching experiences required under 
                subparagraphs (A)(ii) and (B)(ii) of subsection 
                (a)(3), as applicable, including--
                          (i) a description of the 
                        undergraduate program that will enable 
                        a student to graduate within 5 years 
                        with a major in science, technology, 
                        engineering, or mathematics and to 
                        obtain teacher certification or 
                        licensing;
                          (ii) a description of the clinical 
                        teaching experiences proposed; and
                          (iii) evidence of agreements between 
                        the applicant and the schools or local 
                        educational agencies that are 
                        identified as the locations at which 
                        clinical teaching experiences will 
                        occur;
                  (E) a description of the programs required 
                under subparagraphs (A)(iii) and (B)(iii) of 
                subsection (a)(3), including activities to 
                assist new teachers in fulfilling the teachers' 
                service requirements under this section;
                  (F) an identification of the applicant 
                eligible entity's science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics faculty and its 
                education faculty (and such faculty of 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) who will 
                carry out the development and implementation of 
                the program as required under subsection 
                (a)(4); and
                  (G) a description of the process the 
                applicant will use to fulfill the requirements 
                of subsection (f).
          (2) Review of applications.--In evaluating the 
        applications submitted under paragraph (1), the 
        Director shall consider, at a minimum--
                  (A) the ability of the applicant (and the 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) to 
                effectively carry out the program;
                  (B) the extent to which the applicant's 
                science, technology, engineering, and 
                mathematics faculty and its education faculty 
                (and such faculty of participating institutions 
                of higher education of the consortium, if 
                applicable) have worked or will work 
                collaboratively to design new or revised 
                curricula that recognize the specialized 
                pedagogy required to teach science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics effectively in 
                elementary schools and secondary schools;
                  (C) the extent to which the applicant (and 
                the participating institutions of higher 
                education of the consortium, if applicable) is 
                committed to making the program a central 
                organizational focus;
                  (D) the degree to which the proposed 
                programming will enable scholarship or stipend 
                recipients to become successful mathematics and 
                science teachers;
                  (E) the number and academic qualifications of 
                the students who will be served by the program; 
                and
                  (F) the ability of the applicant (and the 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) to recruit 
                students who would otherwise not pursue a 
                career in teaching in elementary schools or 
                secondary schools [and students], students who 
                are individuals identified in section 33 or 34 
                of the Science and Engineering Equal 
                Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a or 1885b), 
                and veterans.
  (c) Scholarship Requirements.--
          (1) In general.--Scholarships under this section 
        shall be available only to students who--
                  (A) are majoring in science, technology, 
                engineering, or mathematics; and
                  (B) have attained at least junior status in a 
                baccalaureate degree program.
          (2) Selection.--Individuals shall be selected to 
        receive scholarships primarily on the basis of academic 
        merit, with consideration given to financial need and 
        to the goal of promoting the participation of 
        individuals identified in section 33 or 34 of the 
        Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (42 
        U.S.C. 1885a or 1885b) and veterans.
          (3) Amount.--The Director shall establish for each 
        year the amount to be awarded for scholarships under 
        this section for that year, which shall be not less 
        than $10,000 per year, except that no individual shall 
        receive for any year more than the cost of attendance 
        at that individual's institution. Full-time students 
        may receive annual scholarships through the completion 
        of a baccalaureate degree program, not to exceed a 
        maximum of 3 years. Part-time students may receive 
        scholarships that are prorated according to such 
        students' enrollment status, not to exceed 6 years of 
        scholarship support.
          (4) Service obligation.--If an individual receives a 
        scholarship under this section, such individual shall 
        be required to complete, within 8 years after 
        graduation from the baccalaureate degree program for 
        which the scholarship was awarded, 2 years of service 
        as a mathematics or science teacher for each full 
        scholarship award received, with a maximum service 
        requirement of 6 years. Service required under this 
        paragraph shall be performed in a high need local 
        educational agency.
  (d) Stipends.--
          (1) In general.--Stipends under this section shall be 
        available only to science, technology, engineering, or 
        mathematics professionals who, while receiving the 
        stipend, are enrolled in a program established under 
        subsection (a)(3)(B).
          (2) Selection.--Individuals shall be selected to 
        receive stipends under this section primarily on the 
        basis of academic merit and professional achievement, 
        with consideration given to financial need and to the 
        goal of promoting the participation of individuals 
        identified in section 33 or 34 of the Science and 
        Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a or 
        1885b) and veterans.
          (3) Amount and duration.--Stipends under this section 
        shall be not less than $10,000 per year, except that no 
        individual shall receive for any year more than the 
        cost of attendance at such individual's institution. 
        Individuals may receive a maximum of 1 year of stipend 
        support, except that if an individual is enrolled in a 
        part-time program, such amount shall be prorated 
        according to the length of the program.
          (4) Service obligation.--If an individual receives a 
        stipend under this section, such individual shall be 
        required to complete, within 4 years after graduation 
        from the program for which the stipend was awarded, 2 
        years of service as a mathematics or science teacher. 
        Service required under this paragraph shall be 
        performed in a high need local educational agency.
  (e) Conditions of Support.--As a condition of acceptance of a 
scholarship or stipend under this section, a recipient of a 
scholarship or stipend shall enter into an agreement with the 
eligible entity--
          (1) accepting the terms of the scholarship or stipend 
        pursuant to subsection (c) or subsection (d);
          (2) agreeing to provide the eligible entity with 
        annual certification of employment and up-to-date 
        contact information and to participate in surveys 
        conducted by the eligible entity as part of an ongoing 
        assessment program; and
          (3) establishing that if the service obligation 
        required under this section is not completed, all or a 
        portion of the scholarship or stipend received under 
        this section shall be repaid in accordance with 
        subsection (g).
  (f) Collection for Noncompliance.--
          (1) Monitoring compliance.--An eligible entity 
        receiving a grant under this section shall, as a 
        condition of participating in the program, enter into 
        an agreement with the Director to monitor the 
        compliance of scholarship or stipend recipients with 
        their respective service requirements.
          (2) Collection of repayment.--
                  (A) In general.--In the event that a 
                scholarship or stipend recipient is required to 
                repay the scholarship or stipend under 
                subsection (g), the eligible entity shall--
                          (i) be responsible for determining 
                        the repayment amounts and for notifying 
                        the recipient and the Director of the 
                        amount owed; and
                          (ii) collect such repayment amount 
                        within a period of time as determined 
                        under the agreement described in 
                        paragraph (1), or the repayment amount 
                        shall be treated as a loan in 
                        accordance with subparagraph (C).
                  (B) Returned to treasury.--Except as provided 
                in subparagraph (C), any such repayment shall 
                be returned to the Treasury of the United 
                States.
                  (C) Retain percentage.--An eligible entity 
                may retain a percentage of any repayment the 
                eligible entity collects to defray 
                administrative costs associated with the 
                collection. The Director shall establish a 
                single, fixed percentage that will apply to all 
                eligible entities.
  (g) Failure to Complete Service Obligation.--
          (1) General rule.--If an individual who has received 
        a scholarship or stipend under this section--
                  (A) fails to maintain an acceptable level of 
                academic standing in the educational 
                institution in which the individual is 
                enrolled, as determined by the Director;
                  (B) is dismissed from such educational 
                institution for disciplinary reasons;
                  (C) withdraws from the program for which the 
                award was made before the completion of such 
                program;
                  (D) declares that the individual does not 
                intend to fulfill the service obligation under 
                this section; or
                  (E) fails to fulfill the service obligation 
                of the individual under this section,
        such individual shall be liable to the United States as 
        provided in paragraph (2).
          (2) Amount of repayment.--
                  (A) Less than one year of service.--If a 
                circumstance described in paragraph (1) occurs 
                before the completion of 1 year of a service 
                obligation under this section, the total amount 
                of awards received by the individual under this 
                section shall be repaid or such amount shall be 
                treated as a loan to be repaid in accordance 
                with subparagraph (C).
                  (B) More than one year of service.--If a 
                circumstance described in subparagraph (D) or 
                (E) of paragraph (1) occurs after the 
                completion of 1 year of a service obligation 
                under this section--
                          (i) for a scholarship recipient, the 
                        total amount of scholarship awards 
                        received by the individual under this 
                        section, reduced by the ratio of the 
                        number of years of service completed 
                        divided by the number of years of 
                        service required, shall be repaid or 
                        such amount shall be treated as a loan 
                        to be repaid in accordance with 
                        subparagraph (C); and
                          (ii) for a stipend recipient, one-
                        half of the total amount of stipends 
                        received by the individual under this 
                        section shall be repaid or such amount 
                        shall be treated as a loan to be repaid 
                        in accordance with subparagraph (C).
                  (C) Repayments.--The loans described under 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall be payable to 
                the Federal Government, consistent with the 
                provisions of part B or D of title IV of the 
                Higher Education Act of 1965, and shall be 
                subject to repayment in accordance with terms 
                and conditions specified by the Director (in 
                consultation with the Secretary of Education) 
                in regulations promulgated to carry out this 
                paragraph.
          (3) Exceptions.--The Director may provide for the 
        partial or total waiver or suspension of any service or 
        payment obligation by an individual under this section 
        whenever compliance by the individual with the 
        obligation is impossible or would involve extreme 
        hardship to the individual, or if enforcement of such 
        obligation with respect to the individual would be 
        unconscionable.
  (h) Data Collection.--An eligible entity receiving a grant 
under this section shall supply to the Director any relevant 
statistical and demographic data on scholarship and stipend 
recipients the Director may request, including information on 
employment required under this section.
  (i) Definitions.--In this section--
          (1) the term ``cost of attendance'' has the meaning 
        given such term in section 472 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087ll);
          (2) the term ``eligible entity'' means--
                  (A) an institution of higher education; or
                  (B) an institution of higher education that 
                receives grant funds on behalf of a consortium 
                of institutions of higher education;
          (3) the term ``fellowship'' means an award to an 
        individual under section 10A;
          (4) the term ``high need local educational agency'' 
        has the meaning given such term in section 201 of the 
        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1021);
          (5) the term ``mathematics and science teacher'' 
        means a science, computer science, technology, 
        engineering, or mathematics teacher at the elementary 
        school or secondary school level;
          (6) the term ``scholarship'' means an award under 
        subsection (c);
          (7) the term ``science, technology, engineering, or 
        mathematics professional'' means a person who holds a 
        baccalaureate, master's, or doctoral degree in science, 
        technology, engineering, or mathematics, and is working 
        in or had a career in such field or a related area; and
          (8) the term ``stipend'' means an award under 
        subsection (d).
  (j) Mathematics and Science Scholarship Gift Fund.--In 
accordance with section 11(f) of the National Science 
Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1870(f)), the Director is 
authorized to accept donations from the private sector to 
supplement but not supplant scholarships, stipends, 
internships, or fellowships associated with programs under this 
section or section 10A.
  (k) Assessment of Teacher Service and Retention.--Not later 
than 4 years after the date of enactment of the America 
COMPETES Act, the Director shall transmit to the Committee on 
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the 
Committee on Science and Technology of the House of 
Representatives a report on the effectiveness of the programs 
carried out under this section and section 10A. The report 
shall include the proportion of individuals receiving 
scholarships, stipends, or fellowships under the program who--
          (1) fulfill the individuals' service obligation 
        required under this section or section 10A;
          (2) remain in the teaching profession beyond the 
        individuals' service obligation; and
          (3) remain in the teaching profession in a high need 
        local educational agency beyond the individuals' 
        service obligation.
  (l) Evaluation.--Not less than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of the America COMPETES Act, the Director, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Education, shall conduct an 
evaluation to determine whether the scholarships, stipends, and 
fellowships authorized under this section and section 10A have 
been effective in increasing the numbers of high-quality 
mathematics and science teachers teaching in high need local 
educational agencies and whether there continue to exist 
significant shortages of such teachers in high need local 
educational agencies.

SEC. 10A. NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION TEACHING FELLOWSHIPS AND MASTER 
                    TEACHING FELLOWSHIPS.

  (a) In General.--
          (1) Grants.--
                  (A) In general.--As part of the Robert Noyce 
                Teacher Scholarship Program established under 
                section 10, the Director shall establish a 
                separate program to award grants to eligible 
                entities to enable such entities to administer 
                fellowships in accordance with this section.
                  (B) Definitions.--The terms used in this 
                section have the meanings given the terms in 
                section 10.
          (2) Fellowships.--Fellowships under this section 
        shall be available only to--
                  (A) science, technology, engineering, or 
                mathematics professionals, including retiring 
                professionals in those fields, who shall be 
                referred to as ``National Science Foundation 
                Teaching Fellows'' and who, in the first year 
                of the fellowship, are enrolled in a master's 
                degree program leading to teacher certification 
                or licensing; and
                  (B) mathematics and science teachers, who 
                shall be referred to as ``National Science 
                Foundation Master Teaching Fellows'' and who 
                possess a master's or bachelor's degree in 
                their field.
  (b) Eligibility.--In order to be eligible to receive a grant 
under this section, an eligible entity shall enter into a 
partnership that shall include--
          (1) a department within an institution of higher 
        education participating in the partnership that 
        provides an advanced program of study in mathematics 
        and science;
          (2)(A) a school or department within an institution 
        of higher education participating in the partnership 
        that provides a teacher preparation program; or
          (B) a 2-year institution of higher education that has 
        a teacher preparation offering or a dual enrollment 
        program with an institution of higher education 
        participating in the partnership;
          (3) not less than 1 high need local educational 
        agency and a public school or a consortium of public 
        schools served by the agency; and
          (4) 1 or more nonprofit organizations that have a 
        demonstrated record of capacity to provide expertise or 
        support to meet the purposes of this section.
  (c) Use of Grants.--Grants awarded under this section shall 
be used by the eligible entity (and participating institutions 
of higher education of the consortium, if applicable) to 
develop and implement a program for National Science Foundation 
Teaching Fellows or National Science Foundation Master Teaching 
Fellows, through--
          (1) administering fellowships in accordance with this 
        section, including providing the teaching fellowship 
        salary supplements described in subsection (f);
          (2) in the case of National Science Foundation 
        Teaching Fellowships--
                  (A) offering academic courses and clinical 
                teaching experiences leading to a master's 
                degree and designed to prepare individuals to 
                teach in elementary schools and secondary 
                schools, including such preparation as is 
                necessary to meet the requirements for 
                certification or licensing; and
                  (B) offering programs both during and after 
                matriculation in the program for which the 
                fellowship is received to enable fellows to 
                become highly effective mathematics and science 
                teachers, including mentoring, training, 
                induction, and professional development 
                activities, to fulfill the service requirements 
                of this section, including the requirements of 
                subsection (e), and to exchange ideas with 
                others in their fields;
          (3) in the case of National Science Foundation Master 
        Teaching Fellowships for teachers with master's degrees 
        in their field--
                  (A) offering academic courses and leadership 
                training to prepare individuals to become 
                master teachers in elementary schools and 
                secondary schools; and
                  (B) offering programs both during and after 
                matriculation in the program for which the 
                fellowship is received to enable fellows to 
                become highly effective mathematics and science 
                teachers, including mentoring, training, 
                induction, and professional development 
                activities, to fulfill the service requirements 
                of this section, including the requirements of 
                subsection (e), and to exchange ideas with 
                others in their fields; and
          (4) in the case of National Science Foundation Master 
        Teaching Fellowships for teachers with bachelor's 
        degrees in their field and working toward a master's 
        degree--
                  (A) offering academic courses leading to a 
                master's degree and leadership training to 
                prepare individuals to become master teachers 
                in elementary and secondary schools; and
                  (B) offering programs both during and after 
                matriculation in the program for which the 
                fellowship is received to enable fellows to 
                become highly effective mathematics and science 
                teachers, including mentoring, training, 
                induction, and professional development 
                activities, to fulfill the service requirements 
                of this section, including the requirements of 
                subsection (e), and to exchange ideas with 
                others in their fields.
  (d) Selection Process.--
          (1) Merit review.--Grants shall be awarded under this 
        section on a competitive, merit-reviewed basis.
          (2) Applications.--An eligible entity desiring a 
        grant under this section shall submit an application to 
        the Director at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information as the Director may 
        require. The application shall include, at a minimum--
                  (A) in the case of an applicant that is 
                submitting an application on behalf of a 
                consortium of institutions of higher education, 
                a description of the participating institutions 
                of higher education and the roles and 
                responsibilities of each such institution;
                  (B) a description of the program that the 
                applicant intends to operate, including the 
                number of fellowships the applicant intends to 
                award, the type of activities proposed for the 
                recruitment of students to the program, and the 
                amount of the teaching fellowship salary 
                supplements to be provided in accordance with 
                subsection (f);
                  (C) evidence that the applicant has the 
                capability to administer the program in 
                accordance with the provisions of this section, 
                which may include a description of any existing 
                programs at the applicant eligible entity (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) that are 
                targeted to the education of mathematics and 
                science teachers and the number of teachers 
                graduated annually from such programs;
                  (D) in the case of National Science 
                Foundation Teaching Fellowships, a description 
                of--
                          (i) the selection process that will 
                        be used in awarding fellowships, 
                        including a description of the rigorous 
                        measures to be used, including the 
                        rigorous, nationally recognized 
                        assessments to be used, in order to 
                        determine whether individuals applying 
                        for fellowships have advanced content 
                        knowledge of science, technology, 
                        engineering, or mathematics;
                          (ii) the academic courses and 
                        clinical teaching experiences described 
                        in subsection (c)(2)(A), including--
                                  (I) a description of an 
                                educational program that will 
                                enable a student to obtain a 
                                master's degree and teacher 
                                certification or licensing 
                                within 1 year; and
                                  (II) evidence of agreements 
                                between the applicant and the 
                                schools or local educational 
                                agencies that are identified as 
                                the locations at which clinical 
                                teaching experiences will 
                                occur;
                          (iii) a description of the programs 
                        described in subsection (c)(2)(B), 
                        including activities to assist 
                        individuals in fulfilling their service 
                        requirements under this section;
                  (E) evidence that the eligible entity will 
                provide the teaching supplements required under 
                subsection (f); and
                  (F) a description of the process the 
                applicant will use to fulfill the requirements 
                of section 10(f).
          (3) Criteria.--In evaluating the applications 
        submitted under paragraph (2), the Director shall 
        consider, at a minimum--
                  (A) the ability of the applicant (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) to 
                effectively carry out the program and to meet 
                the requirements of subsection (f);
                  (B) the extent to which the mathematics, 
                science, or engineering faculty and the 
                education faculty at the eligible entity (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) have worked 
                or will work collaboratively to design new or 
                revised curricula that recognizes the 
                specialized pedagogy required to teach science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics 
                effectively in elementary schools and secondary 
                schools;
                  (C) the extent to which the applicant (and 
                participating institutions of higher education 
                of the consortium, if applicable) is committed 
                to making the program a central organizational 
                focus;
                  (D) the degree to which the proposed 
                programming will enable participants to become 
                highly effective mathematics and science 
                teachers and prepare such participants to 
                assume leadership roles in their schools, in 
                addition to their regular classroom duties, 
                including serving as mentor or master teachers, 
                developing curriculum, and assisting in the 
                development and implementation of professional 
                development activities;
                  (E) the number and quality of the individuals 
                that will be served by the program; and
                  (F) in the case of the National Science 
                Foundation Teaching Fellowship, the ability of 
                the applicant (and participating institutions 
                of higher education of the consortium, if 
                applicable) to recruit individuals who would 
                otherwise not pursue a career in teaching [and 
                individuals], individuals identified in section 
                33 or 34 of the Science and Engineering Equal 
                Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1855a or 1855b), 
                and veterans.
          (4) Selection of fellows.--
                  (A) In general.--Individuals shall be 
                selected to receive fellowships under this 
                section primarily on the basis of--
                          (i) professional achievement;
                          (ii) academic merit;
                          (iii) content knowledge of science, 
                        technology, engineering, or 
                        mathematics, as demonstrated by their 
                        performance on an assessment in 
                        accordance with paragraph (2)(D)(i); 
                        and
                          (iv) in the case of National Science 
                        Foundation Master Teaching Fellows, 
                        demonstrated success in improving 
                        student academic achievement in 
                        science, technology, engineering, or 
                        mathematics.
                  (B) Promoting participation of certain 
                individuals.--Among individuals demonstrating 
                equivalent qualifications, consideration may be 
                given to the goal of promoting the 
                participation of individuals identified in 
                section 33 or 34 of the Science and Engineering 
                Equal Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a or 
                1885b) and veterans.
  (e) Duties of National Science Foundation Teaching Fellows 
and Master Teaching Fellows.--A National Science Foundation 
Teaching Fellow or a National Science Foundation Master 
Teaching Fellow, while fulfilling the service obligation under 
subsection (h) and in addition to regular classroom activities, 
shall take on a leadership role within the school or local 
educational agency in which the fellow is employed, as defined 
by the partnership according to such fellow's expertise, 
including serving as a mentor or master teacher, developing 
curricula, and assisting in the development and implementation 
of professional development activities.
  (f) Teaching Fellowship Salary Supplements.--
          (1) In general.--An eligible entity receiving a grant 
        under this section shall provide salary supplements to 
        individuals who participate in the program under this 
        section during the period of their service obligation 
        under subsection (h). A local educational agency 
        through which the service obligation is fulfilled shall 
        agree not to reduce the base salary normally paid to an 
        individual solely because such individual receives a 
        salary supplement under this subsection.
          (2) Amount and duration.--
                  (A) Amount.--Salary supplements provided 
                under paragraph (1) shall be not less than 
                $10,000 per year, except that, in the case of a 
                National Science Foundation Teaching Fellow, 
                while enrolled in the master's degree program 
                as described in subsection (c)(2)(A), such 
                fellow shall receive not more than the cost of 
                attendance at such fellow's institution.
                  (B) Support while enrolled in master's degree 
                program.--A National Science Foundation 
                Teaching Fellow may receive a maximum of 1 year 
                of fellowship support while enrolled in a 
                master's degree program as described in 
                subsection (c)(2)(A), except that if such 
                fellow is enrolled in a part-time program, such 
                amount shall be prorated according to the 
                length of the program.
                  (C) Duration of support.--An eligible entity 
                receiving a grant under this section shall 
                provide teaching fellowship salary supplements 
                through the period of the fellow's service 
                obligation under subsection (h).
  (g) Support for Master Teaching Fellows While Enrolled in a 
Master's Degree Program.--A National Science Foundation Master 
Teacher Fellow may receive a maximum of 1 year of fellowship 
support while enrolled in a master's degree program as 
described in subsection (c)(4)(A), except that if such fellow 
is enrolled in a part-time program, such amount shall be 
prorated according to the length of the program.
  (h) Service Obligation.--An individual awarded a fellowship 
under this section shall serve as a mathematics or science 
teacher in an elementary school or secondary school served by a 
high need local educational agency for--
          (1) in the case of a National Science Foundation 
        Teaching Fellow, 4 years, to be fulfilled within 6 
        years of completing the master's program described in 
        subsection (c)(2)(A); and
          (2) in the case of a National Science Foundation 
        Master Teaching Fellow, 5 years, to be fulfilled within 
        7 years of the start of participation in the program 
        under subsection (c)(3).
  (i) Matching Requirement.--
          (1) In general.--An eligible entity receiving a grant 
        under this section shall provide, from non-Federal 
        sources, to carry out the activities supported by the 
        grant--
                  (A) in the case of grants in an amount of 
                less than $1,500,000, an amount equal to at 
                least 30 percent of the amount of the grant, at 
                least one half of which shall be in cash; and
                  (B) in the case of grants in an amount of 
                $1,500,000 or more, an amount equal to at least 
                50 percent of the amount of the grant, at least 
                one half of which shall be in cash.
          (2) Waiver.--The Director may waive all or part of 
        the matching requirement described in paragraph (1) for 
        any fiscal year for an eligible entity receiving a 
        grant under this section, if the Director determines 
        that applying the matching requirement would result in 
        serious hardship or inability to carry out the 
        authorized activities described in this section.
  (j) Conditions of Support; Collection for Noncompliance; 
Failure to Complete Service Obligation; Data Collection.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) of section 10 shall 
        apply to eligible entities and recipients of 
        fellowships under this section, as applicable, in the 
        same manner as such subsections apply to eligible 
        entities and recipients of scholarships and stipends 
        under section 10, as applicable.
          (2) Amount of repayment.--If a circumstance described 
        in subparagraph (D) or (E) of section 10(g)(1) occurs 
        after the completion of 1 year of a service obligation 
        under this section--
                  (A) for a National Science Foundation 
                Teaching Fellow, the total amount of fellowship 
                award received by the individual under this 
                section while enrolled in the master's degree 
                program, reduced by one-fourth of the total 
                amount for each year of service completed, plus 
                one-half of the total teaching fellowship 
                salary supplements received by such individual 
                under this section, shall be repaid or such 
                amount shall be treated as a loan to be repaid 
                in accordance with section 10(g)(1)(C); and
                  (B) for a National Science Foundation Master 
                Teaching Fellow, the total amount of teaching 
                fellowship salary supplements received by the 
                individual under this section, reduced by one-
                half, shall be repaid or such amount shall be 
                treated as a loan to be repaid in accordance 
                with section 10(g)(1)(C).
  (k) STEM Teacher Service and Retention.--
          (1) In general.--The Director shall develop and 
        implement practices for increasing the proportion of 
        individuals receiving fellowships under this section 
        who--
                  (A) fulfill the service obligation required 
                under subsection (h); and
                  (B) remain in the teaching profession in a 
                high need local educational agency beyond the 
                service obligation.
          (2) Practices.--The practices described under 
        paragraph (1) may include--
                  (A) partnering with nonprofit or professional 
                associations or with other government entities 
                to provide individuals receiving fellowships 
                under this section with opportunities for 
                professional development, including mentorship 
                programs that pair those individuals with 
                currently employed and recently retired 
                science, technology, engineering, mathematics, 
                or computer science professionals;
                  (B) increasing recruitment from high need 
                districts;
                  (C) establishing a system to better collect, 
                track, and respond to data on the career 
                decisions of individuals receiving fellowships 
                under this section;
                  (D) conducting research to better understand 
                factors relevant to teacher service and 
                retention, including factors specifically 
                impacting the retention of teachers who are 
                individuals identified in sections 33 and 34 of 
                the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a, 1885b); and
                  (E) conducting pilot programs to improve 
                teacher service and retention.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


              CYBER SECURITY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SEC. 5. NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION COMPUTER AND NETWORK SECURITY 
                    PROGRAMS.

  (a) Computer and Network Security Capacity Building Grants.--
          (1) In general.--The Director shall establish a 
        program to award grants to institutions of higher 
        education (or consortia thereof) to establish or 
        improve undergraduate and master's degree programs in 
        computer and network security, to increase the number 
        of students, including the number of students from 
        groups historically underrepresented in these fields 
        and students who are veterans, who pursue undergraduate 
        or master's degrees in fields related to computer and 
        network security, and to provide students with 
        experience in government or industry related to their 
        computer and network security studies.
          (2) Merit review.--Grants shall be awarded under this 
        subsection on a merit-reviewed competitive basis.
          (3) Use of funds.--Grants awarded under this 
        subsection shall be used for activities that enhance 
        the ability of an institution of higher education (or 
        consortium thereof) to provide high-quality 
        undergraduate and master's degree programs in computer 
        and network security and to recruit and retain 
        increased numbers of students to such programs. 
        Activities may include--
                  (A) revising curriculum to better prepare 
                undergraduate and master's degree students for 
                careers in computer and network security;
                  (B) establishing degree and certificate 
                programs in computer and network security;
                  (C) creating opportunities for undergraduate 
                students to participate in computer and network 
                security research projects;
                  (D) acquiring equipment necessary for student 
                instruction in computer and network security, 
                including the installation of testbed networks 
                for student use;
                  (E) providing opportunities for faculty to 
                work with local or Federal Government agencies, 
                private industry, nonprofit research 
                institutions, or other academic institutions to 
                develop new expertise or to formulate new 
                research directions in computer and network 
                security;
                  (F) establishing collaborations with other 
                academic institutions or academic departments 
                that seek to establish, expand, or enhance 
                programs in computer and network security;
                  (G) establishing student internships in 
                computer and network security at government 
                agencies or in private industry;
                  (H) establishing collaborations with other 
                academic institutions to establish or enhance a 
                web-based collection of computer and network 
                security courseware and laboratory exercises 
                for sharing with other institutions of higher 
                education, including community colleges;
                  (I) establishing or enhancing bridge programs 
                in computer and network security between 
                community colleges and universities; [and]
                  (J) creating opportunities for veterans to 
                transition to careers in computer and network 
                security; and
                  [(J)] (K) any other activities the Director 
                determines will accomplish the goals of this 
                subsection.
          (4) Selection process.--
                  (A) Application.--An institution of higher 
                education (or a consortium thereof) seeking 
                funding under this subsection shall submit an 
                application to the Director at such time, in 
                such manner, and containing such information as 
                the Director may require. The application shall 
                include, at a minimum--
                          (i) a description of the applicant's 
                        computer and network security research 
                        and instructional capacity, and in the 
                        case of an application from a 
                        consortium of institutions of higher 
                        education, a description of the role 
                        that each member will play in 
                        implementing the proposal;
                          (ii) a comprehensive plan by which 
                        the institution or consortium will 
                        build instructional capacity in 
                        computer and information security;
                          (iii) a description of relevant 
                        collaborations with government agencies 
                        or private industry that inform the 
                        instructional program in computer and 
                        network security;
                          (iv) a survey of the applicant's 
                        historic student enrollment and 
                        placement data in fields related to 
                        computer and network security and a 
                        study of potential enrollment and 
                        placement for students enrolled in the 
                        proposed computer and network security 
                        program; and
                          (v) a plan to evaluate the success of 
                        the proposed computer and network 
                        security program, including post-
                        graduation assessment of graduate 
                        school and job placement and retention 
                        rates as well as the relevance of the 
                        instructional program to graduate study 
                        and to the workplace.
                  (B) Awards.--(i) The Director shall ensure, 
                to the extent practicable, that grants are 
                awarded under this subsection in a wide range 
                of geographic areas and categories of 
                institutions of higher education, including 
                minority serving institutions.
                  (ii) The Director shall award grants under 
                this subsection for a period not to exceed 5 
                years.
          (5) Assessment required.--The Director shall evaluate 
        the program established under this subsection no later 
        than 6 years after the establishment of the program. At 
        a minimum, the Director shall evaluate the extent to 
        which the program achieved its objectives of increasing 
        the quality and quantity of students, including 
        students from groups historically underrepresented in 
        computer and network security related disciplines, 
        pursuing undergraduate or master's degrees in computer 
        and network security.
          (6) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to the National Science 
        Foundation to carry out this subsection--
                  (A) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;
                  (B) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2004;
                  (C) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2005;
                  (D) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2006; and
                  (E) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2007.
  (b) Scientific and Advanced Technology Act of 1992.--
          (1) Grants.--The Director shall provide grants under 
        the Scientific and Advanced Technology Act of 1992 (42 
        U.S.C. 1862i) for the purposes of section 3(a) and (b) 
        of that Act, except that the activities supported 
        pursuant to this subsection shall be limited to 
        improving education in fields related to computer and 
        network security.
          (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to the National Science 
        Foundation to carry out this subsection--
                  (A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;
                  (B) $1,250,000 for fiscal year 2004;
                  (C) $1,250,000 for fiscal year 2005;
                  (D) $1,250,000 for fiscal year 2006; and
                  (E) $1,250,000 for fiscal year 2007.
  (c) Graduate Traineeships in Computer and Network Security 
Research.--
          (1) In general.--The Director shall establish a 
        program to award grants to institutions of higher 
        education to establish traineeship programs for 
        graduate students who pursue computer and network 
        security research leading to a doctorate degree by 
        providing funding and other assistance, and by 
        providing graduate students with research experience in 
        government or industry related to the students' 
        computer and network security studies.
          (2) Merit review.--Grants shall be provided under 
        this subsection on a merit-reviewed competitive basis.
          (3) Use of funds.--An institution of higher education 
        shall use grant funds for the purposes of--
                  (A) providing traineeships to students who 
                are citizens, nationals, or lawfully admitted 
                permanent resident aliens of the United States 
                and are pursuing research in computer or 
                network security leading to a doctorate degree;
                  (B) paying tuition and fees for students 
                receiving traineeships under subparagraph (A);
                  (C) establishing scientific internship 
                programs for students receiving traineeships 
                under subparagraph (A) in computer and network 
                security at for-profit institutions, nonprofit 
                research institutions, or government 
                laboratories; and
                  (D) other costs associated with the 
                administration of the program.
          (4) Traineeship amount.--Traineeships provided under 
        paragraph (3)(A) shall be in the amount of $25,000 per 
        year, or the level of the National Science Foundation 
        Graduate Research Fellowships, whichever is greater, 
        for up to 3 years.
          (5) Selection process.--An institution of higher 
        education seeking funding under this subsection shall 
        submit an application to the Director at such time, in 
        such manner, and containing such information as the 
        Director may require. The application shall include, at 
        a minimum, a description of--
                  (A) the instructional program and research 
                opportunities in computer and network security 
                available to graduate students at the 
                applicant's institution; and
                  (B) the internship program to be established, 
                including the opportunities that will be made 
                available to students for internships at for-
                profit institutions, nonprofit research 
                institutions, and government laboratories.
          (6) Review of applications.--In evaluating the 
        applications submitted under paragraph (5), the 
        Director shall consider--
                  (A) the ability of the applicant to 
                effectively carry out the proposed program;
                  (B) the quality of the applicant's existing 
                research and education programs;
                  (C) the likelihood that the program will 
                recruit increased numbers of students, 
                including students from groups historically 
                underrepresented in computer and network 
                security related disciplines or veterans,, to 
                pursue and earn doctorate degrees in computer 
                and network security;
                  (D) the nature and quality of the internship 
                program established through collaborations with 
                government laboratories, nonprofit research 
                institutions, and for-profit institutions;
                  (E) the integration of internship 
                opportunities into graduate students' research; 
                and
                  (F) the relevance of the proposed program to 
                current and future computer and network 
                security needs.
          (7) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to the National Science 
        Foundation to carry out this subsection--
                  (A) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;
                  (B) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2004;
                  (C) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2005;
                  (D) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2006; and
                  (E) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2007.
  (d) Graduate Research Fellowships Program Support.--Computer 
and network security shall be included among the fields of 
specialization supported by the National Science Foundation's 
Graduate Research Fellowships program under section 10 of the 
National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1869).
  (e) Cyber Security Faculty Development Traineeship Program.--
          (1) In general.--The Director shall establish a 
        program to award grants to institutions of higher 
        education to establish traineeship programs to enable 
        graduate students to pursue academic careers in cyber 
        security upon completion of doctoral degrees.
          (2) Merit review; competition.--Grants shall be 
        awarded under this section on a merit-reviewed 
        competitive basis.
          (3) Application.--Each institution of higher 
        education desiring to receive a grant under this 
        subsection shall submit an application to the Director 
        at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information as the Director shall require.
          (4) Use of funds.--Funds received by an institution 
        of higher education under this paragraph shall--
                  (A) be made available to individuals on a 
                merit-reviewed competitive basis and in 
                accordance with the requirements established in 
                paragraph (7);
                  (B) be in an amount that is sufficient to 
                cover annual tuition and fees for doctoral 
                study at an institution of higher education for 
                the duration of the graduate traineeship, and 
                shall include, in addition, an annual living 
                stipend of $25,000; and
                  (C) be provided to individuals for a duration 
                of no more than 5 years, the specific duration 
                of each graduate traineeship to be determined 
                by the institution of higher education, on a 
                case-by-case basis.
          (5) Repayment.--Each graduate traineeship shall--
                  (A) subject to paragraph (5)(B), be subject 
                to full repayment upon completion of the 
                doctoral degree according to a repayment 
                schedule established and administered by the 
                institution of higher education;
                  (B) be forgiven at the rate of 20 percent of 
                the total amount of the graduate traineeship 
                assistance received under this section for each 
                academic year that a recipient is employed as a 
                full-time faculty member at an institution of 
                higher education for a period not to exceed 5 
                years; and
                  (C) be monitored by the institution of higher 
                education receiving a grant under this 
                subsection to ensure compliance with this 
                subsection.
          (6) Exceptions.--The Director may provide for the 
        partial or total waiver or suspension of any service 
        obligation or payment by an individual under this 
        section whenever compliance by the individual is 
        impossible or would involve extreme hardship to the 
        individual, or if enforcement of such obligation with 
        respect to the individual would be unconscionable.
          (7) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a 
        graduate traineeship under this section, an individual 
        shall--
                  (A) be a citizen, national, or lawfully 
                admitted permanent resident alien of the United 
                States; and
                  (B) demonstrate a commitment to a career in 
                higher education.
          (8) Consideration.--In making selections for graduate 
        traineeships under this paragraph, an institution 
        receiving a grant under this subsection shall consider, 
        to the extent possible, a diverse pool of applicants 
        whose interests are of an interdisciplinary nature, 
        encompassing the social scientific as well as the 
        technical dimensions of cyber security.
          (9) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to the National Science 
        Foundation to carry out this paragraph $5,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2003 through 2007.

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