Report text available as:

  • TXT
  • PDF   (PDF provides a complete and accurate display of this text.) Tip ?

115th Congress    }                                     {      Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                     {     115-661
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



                 AGRICULTURE AND NUTRITION ACT OF 2018

                               ----------                              

                              R E P O R T

                                 OF THE

                        COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE

                             together with

                            DISSENTING VIEWS

                         [To accompany H.R. 2]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]






[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]








  May 3, 2018.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed





























115th Congress    }                                     {      Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                     {     115-661
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



                 AGRICULTURE AND NUTRITION ACT OF 2018

                               __________


                              R E P O R T

                                 OF THE

                        COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE

                             together with

                            DISSENTING VIEWS

                         [To accompany H.R. 2]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]







[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]








  May 3, 2018.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                ________
                                
                  U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE

29-929                     WASHINGTON : 2018




























115th Congress    }                                     {      Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                     {     115-661
======================================================================



 
                 AGRICULTURE AND NUTRITION ACT OF 2018

                                _______
                                

  May 3, 2018.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Conaway, from the Committee on Agriculture, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                            DISSENTING VIEWS

                         [To accompany H.R. 2]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Agriculture, to whom was referred the bill 
(H.R. 2) to provide for the reform and continuation of 
agricultural and other programs of the Department of 
Agriculture through fiscal year 2023, and for other purposes, 
having considered the same, reports favorably thereon with an 
amendment and recommends that the bill as amended do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Agriculture and 
Nutrition Act of 2018''.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary of Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                      Subtitle A--Commodity Policy

Sec. 1111. Definitions.
Sec. 1112. Base acres.
Sec. 1113. Payment yields.
Sec. 1114. Payment acres.
Sec. 1115. Producer election.
Sec. 1116. Price loss coverage.
Sec. 1117. Agriculture risk coverage.
Sec. 1118. Producer agreements.

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

Sec. 1201. Availability of nonrecourse marketing assistance loans for 
loan commodities.
Sec. 1202. Loan rates for nonrecourse marketing assistance loans.
Sec. 1203. Term of loans.
Sec. 1204. Repayment of loans.
Sec. 1205. Loan deficiency payments.
Sec. 1206. Payments in lieu of loan deficiency payments for grazed 
acreage.
Sec. 1207. Special marketing loan provisions for upland cotton.
Sec. 1208. Special competitive provisions for extra long staple cotton.
Sec. 1209. Availability of recourse loans.
Sec. 1210. Adjustments of loans.

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

Sec. 1301. Sugar policy.

   Subtitle D--Dairy Risk Management Program and Other Dairy Programs

Sec. 1401. Dairy risk management program for dairy producers.
Sec. 1402. Class I skim milk price.
Sec. 1403. Extension of dairy forward pricing program.
Sec. 1404. Extension of dairy indemnity program.
Sec. 1405. Extension of dairy promotion and research program.
Sec. 1406. Repeal of dairy product donation program.

   Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs

Sec. 1501. Modification of supplemental agricultural disaster 
assistance.

                       Subtitle F--Administration

Sec. 1601. Administration generally.
Sec. 1602. Suspension of permanent price support authority.
Sec. 1603. Payment limitations.
Sec. 1604. Adjusted gross income limitation.
Sec. 1605. Prevention of deceased individuals receiving payments under 
farm commodity programs.
Sec. 1606. Assignment of payments.
Sec. 1607. Tracking of benefits.
Sec. 1608. Signature authority.
Sec. 1609. Personal liability of producers for deficiencies.
Sec. 1610. Implementation.
Sec. 1611. Exemption from certain reporting requirements for certain 
producers.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                    Subtitle A--Wetland Conservation

Sec. 2101. Program ineligibility.
Sec. 2102. Minimal effect regulations.

                Subtitle B--Conservation Reserve Program

Sec. 2201. Conservation reserve.
Sec. 2202. Farmable wetland program.
Sec. 2203. Duties of owners and operators.
Sec. 2204. Duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 2205. Payments.
Sec. 2206. Contracts.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

Sec. 2301. Definitions.
Sec. 2302. Establishment and administration.
Sec. 2303. Limitation on payments.
Sec. 2304. Conservation innovation grants and payments.

                Subtitle D--Other Conservation Programs

Sec. 2401. Conservation of private grazing land.
Sec. 2402. Grassroots source water protection program.
Sec. 2403. Voluntary public access and habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2404. Watershed protection and flood prevention.
Sec. 2405. Feral swine eradication and control pilot program.
Sec. 2406. Emergency conservation program.

                 Subtitle E--Funding and Administration

Sec. 2501. Commodity Credit Corporation.
Sec. 2502. Delivery of technical assistance.
Sec. 2503. Administrative requirements for conservation programs.
Sec. 2504. Establishment of State technical committees.

         Subtitle F--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

Sec. 2601. Establishment and purposes.
Sec. 2602. Definitions.
Sec. 2603. Agricultural land easements.
Sec. 2604. Wetland reserve easements.
Sec. 2605. Administration.

         Subtitle G--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

Sec. 2701. Definitions.
Sec. 2702. Regional conservation partnerships.
Sec. 2703. Assistance to producers.
Sec. 2704. Funding.
Sec. 2705. Administration.
Sec. 2706. Critical conservation areas.

 Subtitle H--Repeals and Transitional Provisions; Technical Amendments

Sec. 2801. Repeal of conservation security and conservation stewardship 
programs.
Sec. 2802. Repeal of terminal lakes assistance.
Sec. 2803. Technical amendments.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

Sec. 3001. Findings.
Sec. 3002. Labeling requirements.
Sec. 3003. Food aid quality assurance.
Sec. 3004. Local sale and barter of commodities.
Sec. 3005. Minimum levels of assistance.
Sec. 3006. Extension of termination date of Food Aid Consultative 
Group.
Sec. 3007. Issuance of regulations.
Sec. 3008. Funding for program oversight, monitoring, and evaluation.
Sec. 3009. Assistance for stockpiling and rapid transportation, 
delivery, and distribution of shelf-stable prepackaged foods.
Sec. 3010. Consideration of impact of provision of agricultural 
commodities and other assistance on local farmers and economy.
Sec. 3011. Prepositioning of agricultural commodities.
Sec. 3012. Annual report regarding food aid programs and activities.
Sec. 3013. Deadline for agreements to finance sales or to provide other 
assistance.
Sec. 3014. Minimum level of nonemergency food assistance.
Sec. 3015. Termination date for micronutrient fortification programs.
Sec. 3016. John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

Sec. 3101. Findings.
Sec. 3102. Consolidation of current programs as new International 
Market Development Program.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

Sec. 3201. Local and regional food aid procurement projects.
Sec. 3202. Promotion of agricultural exports to emerging markets.
Sec. 3203. Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act.
Sec. 3204. Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Sec. 3205. McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child 
Nutrition Program.
Sec. 3206. Cochran fellowship program.
Sec. 3207. Borlaug fellowship program.
Sec. 3208. Global Crop Diversity Trust.
Sec. 3209. Growing American Food Exports Act of 2018.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Sec. 4001. Duplicative enrollment database.
Sec. 4002. Retailer-funded incentives pilot.
Sec. 4003. Gus Schumacher food insecurity nutrition incentive program.
Sec. 4004. Re-evaluation of thrifty food plan.
Sec. 4005. Food distribution programs on Indian reservations.
Sec. 4006. Update to categorical eligibility.
Sec. 4007. Basic allowance for housing.
Sec. 4008. Earned income deduction.
Sec. 4009. Simplified homeless housing costs.
Sec. 4010. Availability of standard utility allowances based on receipt 
of energy assistance.
Sec. 4011. Child support; cooperation with child support agencies.
Sec. 4012. Adjustment to asset limitations.
Sec. 4013. Updated vehicle allowance.
Sec. 4014. Savings excluded from assets.
Sec. 4015. Workforce solutions.
Sec. 4016. Modernization of electronic benefit transfer regulations.
Sec. 4017. Mobile technologies.
Sec. 4018. Processing fees.
Sec. 4019. Replacement of EBT cards.
Sec. 4020. Benefit recovery.
Sec. 4021. Requirements for online acceptance of benefits.
Sec. 4022. National gateway.
Sec. 4023. Access to State systems.
Sec. 4024. Transitional benefits.
Sec. 4025. Incentivizing technology modernization.
Sec. 4026. Supplemental nutrition assistance program benefit transfer 
transaction data report.
Sec. 4027. Adjustment to percentage of recovered funds retained by 
States.
Sec. 4028. Tolerance level for payment errors.
Sec. 4029. State performance indicators.
Sec. 4030. Public-private partnerships.
Sec. 4031. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4032. Emergency food assistance.
Sec. 4033. Nutrition education.
Sec. 4034. Retail food store and recipient trafficking.
Sec. 4035. Technical corrections.
Sec. 4036. Implementation funds.

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

Sec. 4101. Commodity distribution program.
Sec. 4102. Commodity supplemental food program.
Sec. 4103. Distribution of surplus commodities to special nutrition 
projects.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 4201. Purchase of fresh fruits and vegetables for distribution to 
schools and service institutions.
Sec. 4202. Seniors farmers' market nutrition program.
Sec. 4203. Healthy food financing initiative.
Sec. 4204. Amendments to the fruit and vegetable program.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

Sec. 5101. Modification of the 3-year experience eligibility 
requirement for farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5102. Conservation loan and loan guarantee program.
Sec. 5103. Farm ownership loan limits.

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

Sec. 5201. Limitations on amount of operating loans.
Sec. 5202. Microloans.

                 Subtitle C--Administrative Provisions

Sec. 5301. Beginning farmer and rancher individual development accounts 
pilot program.
Sec. 5302. Loan authorization levels.
Sec. 5303. Loan fund set-asides.

 Subtitle D--Technical Corrections to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                            Development Act

Sec. 5401. Technical corrections to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act.

         Subtitle E--Amendments to the Farm Credit Act of 1971

Sec. 5501. Elimination of obsolete references.
Sec. 5502. Conforming repeals.
Sec. 5503. Facility headquarters.
Sec. 5504. Sharing privileged and confidential information.
Sec. 5505. Scope of jurisdiction.
Sec. 5506. Definition.
Sec. 5507. Expansion of acreage exception to loan amount limitation.
Sec. 5508. Compensation of bank directors.
Sec. 5509. Prohibition on use of funds.

                       Subtitle F--Miscellaneous

Sec. 5601. State agricultural mediation programs.
Sec. 5602. Study on loan risk.

        TITLE VI--RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

       Subtitle A--Improving Health Outcomes in Rural Communities

Sec. 6001. Prioritizing projects to meet health crises in rural 
America.
Sec. 6002. Distance learning and telemedicine.
Sec. 6003. Reauthorization of the Farm and Ranch Stress Assistance 
Network.
Sec. 6004. Supporting agricultural association health plans.

     Subtitle B--Connecting Rural Americans to High Speed Broadband

Sec. 6101. Establishing forward-looking broadband standards.
Sec. 6102. Incentives for hard to reach communities.
Sec. 6103. Requiring guaranteed broadband lending.
Sec. 6104. Smart utility authority for broadband.
Sec. 6105. Modifications to the Rural Gigabit Program.
Sec. 6106. Unified broadband reporting requirements.
Sec. 6107. Improving access by providing certainty to broadband 
borrowers.
Sec. 6108. Simplified application window.
Sec. 6109. Elimination of requirement to give priority to certain 
applicants.
Sec. 6110. Modification of buildout requirement.
Sec. 6111. Improving borrower refinancing options.
Sec. 6112. Elimination of unnecessary reporting requirements.
Sec. 6113. Access to broadband telecommunications services in rural 
areas.
Sec. 6114. Middle mile broadband infrastructure.
Sec. 6115. Outdated broadband systems.
Sec. 6116. Effective date.

        Subtitle C--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

Sec. 6201. Strengthening regional economic development incentives.
Sec. 6202. Expanding access to credit for rural communities.
Sec. 6203. Providing for additional fees for guaranteed loans.
Sec. 6204. Water, waste disposal, and wastewater facility grants.
Sec. 6205. Rural water and wastewater technical assistance and training 
programs.
Sec. 6206. Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.
Sec. 6207. Tribal college and university essential community 
facilities.
Sec. 6208. Emergency and imminent community water assistance grant 
program.
Sec. 6209. Water systems for rural and native villages in Alaska.
Sec. 6210. Household water well systems.
Sec. 6211. Solid waste management grants.
Sec. 6212. Rural business development grants.
Sec. 6213. Rural cooperative development grants.
Sec. 6214. Locally or regionally produced agricultural food products.
Sec. 6215. Appropriate technology transfer for rural areas program.
Sec. 6216. Rural economic area partnership zones.
Sec. 6217. Intermediary relending program.
Sec. 6218. Exclusion of prison populations from definition of rural 
area.
Sec. 6219. National Rural Development Partnership.
Sec. 6220. Grants for NOAA weather radio transmitters.
Sec. 6221. Rural microentrepreneur assistance program.
Sec. 6222. Health care services.
Sec. 6223. Delta Regional Authority.
Sec. 6224. Northern Great Plains Regional Authority.
Sec. 6225. Rural business investment program.

             Subtitle D--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

Sec. 6301. Guarantees for bonds and notes issued for electrification or 
telephone purposes.
Sec. 6302. Expansion of 911 access.
Sec. 6303. Improvements to the guaranteed underwriter program.
Sec. 6304. Extension of the rural economic development loan and grant 
program.

       Subtitle E--Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002

Sec. 6401. Rural energy savings program.
Sec. 6402. Biobased markets program.
Sec. 6403. Biorefinery, renewable, chemical, and biobased product 
manufacturing assistance.
Sec. 6404. Repowering assistance program.
Sec. 6405. Bioenergy program for advanced biofuels.
Sec. 6406. Biodiesel fuel education program.
Sec. 6407. Rural Energy for America Program.
Sec. 6408. Categorical exclusion for grants and financial assistance 
made under the Rural Energy for America Program.
Sec. 6409. Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative.
Sec. 6410. Feedstock flexibility.
Sec. 6411. Biomass Crop Assistance Program.

                       Subtitle F--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6501. Value-added agricultural product market development grants.
Sec. 6502. Agriculture innovation center demonstration program.
Sec. 6503. Regional economic and infrastructure development 
commissions.
Sec. 6504. Definition of rural area for purposes of the Housing Act of 
1949.

                      Subtitle G--Program Repeals

Sec. 6601. Elimination of unfunded programs.
Sec. 6602. Repeal of Rural Telephone Bank.
Sec. 6603. Amendments to LOCAL TV Act.

                   Subtitle H--Technical Corrections

Sec. 6701. Corrections relating to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act.
Sec. 6702. Corrections relating to the Rural Electrification Act of 
1936.

          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

Sec. 7101. International agriculture research.
Sec. 7102. Matters related to certain school designations and 
declarations.
Sec. 7103. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and 
Economics Advisory Board.
Sec. 7104. Specialty crop committee.
Sec. 7105. Renewable energy committee discontinued.
Sec. 7106. Report on allocations and matching funds for 1890 
institutions.
Sec. 7107. Grants and fellowships for food and agriculture sciences 
education.
Sec. 7108. Agricultural and food policy research centers.
Sec. 7109. Education grants to Alaska Native serving institutions and 
Native Hawaiian serving institutions.
Sec. 7110. Repeal of nutrition education program.
Sec. 7111. Continuing animal health and disease research programs.
Sec. 7112. Extension carryover at 1890 land-grant colleges, including 
Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7113. Scholarships for students at 1890 institutions.
Sec. 7114. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences facilities 
at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7115. Grants to upgrade agriculture and food sciences facilities 
and equipment at insular area land-grant institutions.
Sec. 7116. Hispanic-serving institutions.
Sec. 7117. Land-grant designation.
Sec. 7118. Competitive grants for international agricultural science 
and education programs.
Sec. 7119. Limitation on indirect costs for agricultural research, 
education, and extension programs.
Sec. 7120. Research equipment grants.
Sec. 7121. University research.
Sec. 7122. Extension service.
Sec. 7123. Supplemental and alternative crops.
Sec. 7124. Capacity building grants for NLGCA institutions.
Sec. 7125. Aquaculture assistance programs.
Sec. 7126. Rangeland research programs.
Sec. 7127. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and response.
Sec. 7128. Distance education and resident instruction grants program 
for insular area institutions of higher education.
Sec. 7129. Removal of matching funds requirement for certain grants.

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Sec. 7201. Best utilization of biological applications.
Sec. 7202. Integrated management systems.
Sec. 7203. Sustainable agriculture technology development and transfer 
program.
Sec. 7204. National training program.
Sec. 7205. National Genetics Resources Program.
Sec. 7206. National Agricultural Weather Information System.
Sec. 7207. Agricultural genome to phenome initiative.
Sec. 7208. High-priority research and extension initiatives.
Sec. 7209. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7210. Farm business management.
Sec. 7211. Clarification of veteran eligibility for assistive 
technology program for farmers with disabilities.
Sec. 7212. National Rural Information Center Clearinghouse.

Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                of 1998

Sec. 7300. Ending limitation on funding under national food safety 
training, education, extension, outreach, and technical assistance 
program.
Sec. 7301. National food safety training, education, extension, 
outreach, and technical assistance program.
Sec. 7302. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive 
grants program.
Sec. 7303. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat, triticale, 
and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia indica.
Sec. 7304. Grants for youth organizations.
Sec. 7305. Specialty crop research initiative.
Sec. 7306. Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database program.
Sec. 7307. Office of Pest Management Policy.
Sec. 7308. Forestry products advanced utilization research.

         Subtitle D--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                     Part I--Agricultural Security

Sec. 7401. Agricultural biosecurity communication center.
Sec. 7402. Assistance to build local capacity in agricultural 
biosecurity planning, preparation, and response.
Sec. 7403. Research and development of agricultural countermeasures.
Sec. 7404. Agricultural biosecurity grant program.

                         Part II--Miscellaneous

Sec. 7411. Grazinglands research laboratory.
Sec. 7412. Natural products research program.
Sec. 7413. Sun grant program.

                  Subtitle E--Amendments to Other Laws

Sec. 7501. Critical Agricultural Materials Act.
Sec. 7502. Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994.
Sec. 7503. Research Facilities Act.
Sec. 7504. Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act.
Sec. 7505. Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978.
Sec. 7506. National Aquaculture Act of 1980.
Sec. 7507. Beginning farmer and rancher development program.
Sec. 7508. Federal agriculture research facilities.
Sec. 7509. Biomass research and development.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 7601. Enhanced use lease authority program.
Sec. 7602. Functions and Duties of the Under Secretary.
Sec. 7603. Reinstatement of District of Columbia matching requirement 
for certain land-grant university assistance.
Sec. 7604. Farmland tenure, transition, and entry data initiative.
Sec. 7605. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, portion of Henry A. 
Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland.
Sec. 7606. Simplified plan of work.
Sec. 7607. Time and effort reporting exemption.
Sec. 7608. Public education on biotechnology in food and agriculture 
sectors.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

   Subtitle A--Reauthorization and Modification of Certain Forestry 
                                Programs

Sec. 8101. Support for State assessments and strategies for forest 
resources.
Sec. 8102. Forest legacy program.
Sec. 8103. Community forest and open space conservation program.
Sec. 8104. State and private forest landscape-scale restoration 
program.
Sec. 8105. Rural revitalization technologies.
Sec. 8106. Community wood energy and wood innovation program.
Sec. 8107. Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 amendments.
Sec. 8108. National Forest Foundation Act authorities.

 Subtitle B--Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act 
                           of 2000 Amendments

Sec. 8201. Use of reserved funds for title II projects on Federal land 
and certain non-Federal land.
Sec. 8202. Resource advisory committees.
Sec. 8203. Program for title II self-sustaining resource advisory 
committee projects.

 Subtitle C--Availability of Categorical Exclusions To Expedite Forest 
                         Management Activities

                       Part I--General Provisions

Sec. 8301. Definitions.
Sec. 8302. Rule of application for National Forest System lands and 
public lands.
Sec. 8303. Consultation under the Endangered Species Act.
Sec. 8304. Secretarial discretion in the case of two or more 
categorical exclusions.

                    Part II--Categorical Exclusions

Sec. 8311. Categorical exclusion to expedite certain critical response 
actions.
Sec. 8312. Categorical exclusion to expedite salvage operations in 
response to catastrophic events.
Sec. 8313. Categorical exclusion to meet forest plan goals for early 
successional forests.
Sec. 8314. Categorical exclusion for hazard trees.
Sec. 8315. Categorical exclusion to improve or restore National Forest 
System lands or public land or reduce the risk of wildfire.
Sec. 8316. Categorical exclusion for forest restoration.
Sec. 8317. Categorical exclusion for infrastructure forest management 
activities.
Sec. 8318. Categorical exclusion for developed recreation sites.
Sec. 8319. Categorical exclusion for administrative sites.
Sec. 8320. Categorical exclusion for special use authorizations.
Sec. 8321. Clarification of existing categorical exclusion authority 
related to insect and disease infestation.

          Part III--Miscellaneous Forest Management Activities

Sec. 8331. Good neighbor agreements.
Sec. 8332. Promoting cross-boundary wildfire mitigation.
Sec. 8333. Regulations regarding designation of dead or dying trees of 
certain tree species on National Forest System lands in California as 
exempt from prohibition on export of unprocessed timber originating 
from Federal lands.

        Subtitle D--Tribal Forestry Participation and Protection

Sec. 8401. Protection of Tribal forest assets through use of 
stewardship end result contracting and other authorities.
Sec. 8402. Tribal forest management demonstration project.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 8501. Clarification of research and development program for wood 
building construction.
Sec. 8502. Utility infrastructure rights-of-way vegetation management 
pilot program.
Sec. 8503. Revision of extraordinary circumstances regulations.
Sec. 8504. No loss of funds for wildfire suppression.
Sec. 8505. Technical corrections.

                         TITLE IX--HORTICULTURE

           Subtitle A--Horticulture Marketing and Information

Sec. 9001. Specialty crops market news allocation.
Sec. 9002. Farmers' Market and Local Food Promotion Program.
Sec. 9003. Food safety education initiatives.
Sec. 9004. Specialty crop block grants.
Sec. 9005. Amendments to the Plant Variety Protection Act.
Sec. 9006. Organic programs.

                     Subtitle B--Regulatory Reform

 Part I--State Lead Agencies Under Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and 
                            Rodenticide Act

Sec. 9101. Recognition and role of State lead agencies.

                Part II--Pesticide Registration and Use

Sec. 9111. Registration of pesticides.
Sec. 9112. Experimental use permits.
Sec. 9113. Administrative review; suspension.
Sec. 9114. Unlawful acts.
Sec. 9115. Authority of States.
Sec. 9116. Regulations.
Sec. 9117. Use of authorized pesticides.
Sec. 9118. Discharges of pesticides.
Sec. 9119. Enactment of Pesticide Registration Improvement Enhancement 
Act of 2017.

            Part III--Amendments to the Plant Protection Act

Sec. 9121. Methyl bromide.

                   Part IV--Amendments to Other Laws

Sec. 9131. Definition of retail facilities.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 9201. Report on regulation of plant biostimulants.
Sec. 9202. Pecan marketing orders.
Sec. 9203. Report on honey and maple syrup.

                        TITLE X--CROP INSURANCE

Sec. 10001. Treatment of forage and grazing.
Sec. 10002. Administrative basic fee.
Sec. 10003. Prevention of duplicative coverage.
Sec. 10004. Repeal of unused authority.
Sec. 10005. Continued authority.
Sec. 10006. Program administration.
Sec. 10007. Maintenance of policies.
Sec. 10008. Research and development priorities.
Sec. 10009. Extension of funding for research and development.
Sec. 10010. Education and risk management assistance.

                        TITLE XI--MISCELLANEOUS

                         Subtitle A--Livestock

Sec. 11101. Animal Disease Preparedness and Response.
Sec. 11102. National Aquatic Animal Health Plan.
Sec. 11103. Veterinary training.
Sec. 11104. Report on FSIS guidance and outreach to small meat 
processors.

  Subtitle B--Beginning, Socially Disadvantaged, and Veteran Producers

Sec. 11201. Outreach and assistance for socially disadvantaged farmers 
and ranchers and veteran farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 11202. Office of Partnerships and Public Engagement.
Sec. 11203. Commission on Farm Transitions--Needs for 2050.
Sec. 11204. Agricultural youth organization coordinator.

                          Subtitle C--Textiles

Sec. 11301. Repeal of Pima Agriculture Cotton Trust Fund.
Sec. 11302. Repeal of Agriculture Wool Apparel Manufacturers Trust 
Fund.
Sec. 11303. Repeal of wool research and promotion grants funding.
Sec. 11304. Textile Trust Fund.

             Subtitle D--United States Grain Standards Act

Sec. 11401. Restoring certain exceptions to United States Grain 
Standards Act.

        Subtitle E--Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program

Sec. 11501. Eligible crops.
Sec. 11502. Service fee.
Sec. 11503. Payments equivalent to additional coverage.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 11601. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm Production and 
Conservation.
Sec. 11602. Authority of Secretary to carry out certain programs under 
Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994.
Sec. 11603. Conference report requirement threshold.
Sec. 11604. National agriculture imagery program.
Sec. 11605. Report on inclusion of natural stone products in Commodity 
Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996.
Sec. 11606. South Carolina inclusion in Virginia/Carolina peanut 
producing region.
Sec. 11607. Establishment of Food Loss and Waste Reduction Liaison.
Sec. 11608. Cotton classification services.
Sec. 11609. Century farms program.
Sec. 11610. Report on agricultural innovation.
Sec. 11611. Report on dog importation.
Sec. 11612. Prohibition on slaughter of dogs and cats for human 
consumption.

               Subtitle G--Protecting Interstate Commerce

Sec. 11701. Prohibition against interference by State and local 
governments with production or manufacture of items in other States.
Sec. 11702. Federal cause of action to challenge State regulation of 
interstate commerce.

SEC. 2. DEFINITION OF SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE.

  In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                      Subtitle A--Commodity Policy

SEC. 1111. DEFINITIONS.

  In this subtitle and subtitle B:
          (1) Actual crop revenue.--The term ``actual crop revenue'', 
        with respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the 
        amount determined by the Secretary under section 1117(b).
          (2) Agriculture risk coverage.--The term ``agriculture risk 
        coverage'' means coverage provided under section 1117.
          (3) Agriculture risk coverage guarantee.--The term 
        ``agriculture risk coverage guarantee'', with respect to a 
        covered commodity for a crop year, means the amount determined 
        by the Secretary under section 1117(c).
          (4) Base acres.--The term ``base acres'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 1111(4)(A) of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014 (7 U.S.C. 9011(4)(A)), subject to any reallocation, 
        adjustment, or reduction under section 1112.
          (5) Covered commodity.--The term ``covered commodity'' means 
        wheat, oats, and barley (including wheat, oats, and barley used 
        for haying and grazing), corn, grain sorghum, long grain rice, 
        medium grain rice, pulse crops, soybeans, other oilseeds, seed 
        cotton, and peanuts.
          (6) Effective price.--The term ``effective price'', with 
        respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the price 
        calculated by the Secretary under section 1116(b) to determine 
        whether price loss coverage payments are required to be 
        provided for that crop year.
          (7) Effective reference price.--The term ``effective 
        reference price'', with respect to a covered commodity for a 
        crop year, means the lesser of the following:
                  (A) An amount equal to 115 percent of the reference 
                price for such covered commodity.
                  (B) An amount equal to the greater of--
                          (i) the reference price for such covered 
                        commodity; or
                          (ii) 85 percent of the average of the 
                        marketing year average price of the covered 
                        commodity for the most recent 5 crop years, 
                        excluding each of the crop years with the 
                        highest and lowest marketing year average 
                        price.
          (8) Extra long staple cotton.--The term ``extra long staple 
        cotton'' means cotton that--
                  (A) is produced from pure strain varieties of the 
                barbadense species or any hybrid of the species, or 
                other similar types of extra long staple cotton, 
                designated by the Secretary, having characteristics 
                needed for various end uses for which United States 
                upland cotton is not suitable and grown in irrigated 
                cotton-growing regions of the United States designated 
                by the Secretary or other areas designated by the 
                Secretary as suitable for the production of the 
                varieties or types; and
                  (B) is ginned on a roller-type gin or, if authorized 
                by the Secretary, ginned on another type gin for 
                experimental purposes.
          (9) Marketing year average price.--The term ``marketing year 
        average price'' means the national average market price 
        received by producers during the 12-month marketing year for a 
        covered commodity, as determined by the Secretary.
          (10) Medium grain rice.--The term ``medium grain rice'' 
        includes short grain rice and temperate japonica rice.
          (11) Other oilseed.--The term ``other oilseed'' means a crop 
        of sunflower seed, rapeseed, canola, safflower, flaxseed, 
        mustard seed, crambe, sesame seed, or any oilseed designated by 
        the Secretary.
          (12) Payment acres.--The term ``payment acres'', with respect 
        to the provision of price loss coverage payments and 
        agriculture risk coverage payments, means the number of acres 
        determined for a farm under section 1114.
          (13) Payment yield.--The term ``payment yield'', for a farm 
        for a covered commodity--
                  (A) means the yield used to make payments pursuant to 
                section 1116 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
                9016); or
                  (B) means the yield established under section 1113.
          (14) Price loss coverage.--The term ``price loss coverage'' 
        means coverage provided under section 1116.
          (15) Producer.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``producer'' means an 
                owner, operator, landlord, tenant, or sharecropper that 
                shares in the risk of producing a crop and is entitled 
                to share in the crop available for marketing from the 
                farm, or would have shared had the crop been produced.
                  (B) Hybrid seed.--In determining whether a grower of 
                hybrid seed is a producer, the Secretary shall--
                          (i) not take into consideration the existence 
                        of a hybrid seed contract; and
                          (ii) ensure that program requirements do not 
                        adversely affect the ability of the grower to 
                        receive a payment under this title.
          (16) Pulse crop.--The term ``pulse crop'' means dry peas, 
        lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
          (17) Reference price.--The term ``reference price'', with 
        respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the 
        following:
                  (A) For wheat, $5.50 per bushel.
                  (B) For corn, $3.70 per bushel.
                  (C) For grain sorghum, $3.95 per bushel.
                  (D) For barley, $4.95 per bushel.
                  (E) For oats, $2.40 per bushel.
                  (F) For long grain rice, $14.00 per hundredweight.
                  (G) For medium grain rice, $14.00 per hundredweight.
                  (H) For soybeans, $8.40 per bushel.
                  (I) For other oilseeds, $20.15 per hundredweight.
                  (J) For peanuts, $535.00 per ton.
                  (K) For dry peas, $11.00 per hundredweight.
                  (L) For lentils, $19.97 per hundredweight.
                  (M) For small chickpeas, $19.04 per hundredweight.
                  (N) For large chickpeas, $21.54 per hundredweight.
                  (O) For seed cotton, $0.367 per pound.
          (18) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture.
          (19) Seed cotton.--The term ``seed cotton'' means unginned 
        upland cotton that includes both lint and seed.
          (20) State.--The term ``State'' means--
                  (A) a State;
                  (B) the District of Columbia;
                  (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and
                  (D) any other territory or possession of the United 
                States.
          (21) Temperate japonica rice.--The term ``temperate japonica 
        rice'' means rice that is grown in high altitudes or temperate 
        regions of high latitudes with cooler climate conditions, in 
        the Western United States, as determined by the Secretary, for 
        the purpose of--
                  (A) the establishment of a reference price (as 
                required under section 1116(g)) and an effective price 
                pursuant to section 1116; and
                  (B) the determination of the actual crop revenue and 
                agriculture risk coverage guarantee pursuant to section 
                1117.
          (22) Transitional yield.--The term ``transitional yield'' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 502(b) of the Federal 
        Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1502(b)).
          (23) United states.--The term ``United States'', when used in 
        a geographical sense, means all of the States.
          (24) United states premium factor.--The term ``United States 
        Premium Factor'' means the percentage by which the difference 
        in the United States loan schedule premiums for Strict Middling 
        (SM) 1\1/8\-inch upland cotton and for Middling (M) 1\3/32\-
        inch upland cotton exceeds the difference in the applicable 
        premiums for comparable international qualities.

SEC. 1112. BASE ACRES.

  (a) Adjustment of Base Acres.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide for an 
        adjustment, as appropriate, in the base acres for covered 
        commodities for a farm whenever any of the following 
        circumstances occur:
                  (A) A conservation reserve contract entered into 
                under section 1231 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
                U.S.C. 3831) with respect to the farm expires or is 
                voluntarily terminated.
                  (B) Cropland is released from coverage under a 
                conservation reserve contract by the Secretary.
                  (C) The producer has eligible oilseed acreage as the 
                result of the Secretary designating additional 
                oilseeds, which shall be determined in the same manner 
                as eligible oilseed acreage under section 1101(a)(1)(D) 
                of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
                U.S.C. 8711(a)(1)(D)).
          (2) Special conservation reserve acreage payment rules.--For 
        the crop year in which a base acres adjustment under 
        subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) is first made, the 
        owner of the farm shall elect to receive price loss coverage or 
        agriculture risk coverage with respect to the acreage added to 
        the farm under this subsection or a prorated payment under the 
        conservation reserve contract, but not both.
  (b) Prevention of Excess Base Acres.--
          (1) Required reduction.--If the sum of the base acres for a 
        farm and the acreage described in paragraph (2) exceeds the 
        actual cropland acreage of the farm, the Secretary shall reduce 
        the base acres for 1 or more covered commodities for the farm 
        so that the sum of the base acres and the acreage described in 
        paragraph (2) does not exceed the actual cropland acreage of 
        the farm.
          (2) Other acreage.--For purposes of paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall include the following:
                  (A) Any acreage on the farm enrolled in the 
                conservation reserve program or wetlands reserve 
                program (or successor programs) under title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.).
                  (B) Any other acreage on the farm enrolled in a 
                Federal conservation program for which payments are 
                made in exchange for not producing an agricultural 
                commodity on the acreage.
                  (C) If the Secretary designates additional oilseeds, 
                any eligible oilseed acreage, which shall be determined 
                in the same manner as eligible oilseed acreage under 
                subsection (a)(1)(C).
          (3) Selection of acres.--The Secretary shall give the owner 
        of the farm the opportunity to select the base acres for a 
        covered commodity for the farm against which the reduction 
        required by paragraph (1) will be made.
          (4) Exception for double-cropped acreage.--In applying 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make an exception in the 
        case of double cropping, as determined by the Secretary.
  (c) Reduction in Base Acres.--
          (1) Reduction at option of owner.--
                  (A) In general.--The owner of a farm may reduce, at 
                any time, the base acres for any covered commodity for 
                the farm.
                  (B) Effect of reduction.--A reduction under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be permanent and made in a 
                manner prescribed by the Secretary.
          (2) Required action by secretary.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall proportionately 
                reduce base acres on a farm for land that has been 
                subdivided and developed for multiple residential units 
                or other nonfarming uses if the size of the tracts and 
                the density of the subdivision is such that the land is 
                unlikely to return to the previous agricultural use, 
                unless the producers on the farm demonstrate that the 
                land--
                          (i) remains devoted to commercial 
                        agricultural production; or
                          (ii) is likely to be returned to the previous 
                        agricultural use.
                  (B) Requirement.--The Secretary shall establish 
                procedures to identify land described in subparagraph 
                (A).
          (3) Treatment of unplanted base.--In the case of a farm on 
        which no covered commodities (including seed cotton) were 
        planted or prevented from being planted during the period 
        beginning on January 1, 2009, and ending on December 31, 2017, 
        the Secretary shall allocate all base acres on the farm to 
        unassigned crop base for which no payment shall be made under 
        section 1116 or 1117.
          (4) Prohibition on reconstitution of farm.--The Secretary 
        shall ensure that producers on a farm do not reconstitute the 
        farm to void or change the treatment of base acres under this 
        section.

SEC. 1113. PAYMENT YIELDS.

  (a) Treatment of Designated Oilseeds.--
          (1) In general.--For the purpose of making price loss 
        coverage payments under section 1116, the Secretary shall 
        provide for the establishment of a yield for each farm for any 
        designated oilseed for which a payment yield was not 
        established under section 1113 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
        (7 U.S.C. 9013) in accordance with this section.
          (2) Payment yields for designated oilseeds.--In the case of 
        designated oilseeds, the payment yield shall be equal to 90 
        percent of the average of the yield per planted acre for the 
        most recent five crop years, as determined by the Secretary, 
        excluding any crop year in which the acreage planted to the 
        covered commodity was zero.
          (3) Application.--This subsection shall apply to oilseeds 
        designated after the date of the enactment of this Act.
  (b) Effect of Lack of Payment Yield.--
          (1) Establishment by secretary.--In the case of a covered 
        commodity on a farm for which base acres have been established, 
        if no payment yield is otherwise established for the covered 
        commodity on the farm, the Secretary shall establish an 
        appropriate payment yield for the covered commodity on the farm 
        under paragraph (2).
          (2) Use of similarly situated farms.--To establish an 
        appropriate payment yield for a covered commodity on a farm as 
        required by paragraph (1), the Secretary shall take into 
        consideration the farm program payment yields applicable to 
        that covered commodity for similarly situated farms. The use of 
        such data in an appeal, by the Secretary or by the producer, 
        shall not be subject to any other provision of law.
  (c) Single Opportunity to Update Yields in Counties Affected by 
Drought.--
          (1) Election to update.--In the case of a farm that is 
        physically located in a county in which any area of the county 
        was rated by the U.S. Drought Monitor as having a D4 
        (exceptional drought) intensity for 20 or more consecutive 
        weeks during the period beginning January 1, 2008 and ending 
        December 31, 2012, at the sole discretion of the owner of such 
        farm, the owner of a farm shall have a 1-time opportunity to 
        update, on a covered commodity-by covered-commodity basis, the 
        payment yield that would otherwise be used in calculating any 
        price loss coverage payment for each covered commodity on the 
        farm for which the election is made.
          (2) Method of updating yields for covered commodities.--If 
        the owner of a farm elects to update yields under paragraph 
        (1), the payment yield for covered commodities on the farm, for 
        the purpose of calculating price loss coverage payments only, 
        shall be equal to 90 percent of the average of the yield per 
        planted acre for the crop of covered commodities on the farm 
        for the 2013 through 2017 crop years, as determined by the 
        Secretary, excluding any crop year in which the acreage planted 
        to the covered commodity was zero.
          (3) Use of county average yield.--For the purposes of 
        determining the average yield under paragraph (2), if the yield 
        per planted acre for a crop of a covered commodity for a farm 
        for any of the crop years specified in paragraph (2) was less 
        than 75 percent of the average of county yields for those same 
        years for that commodity, the Secretary shall assign a yield 
        for that crop year equal to 75 percent of the average of the 
        2013 though 2017 county yield for the covered commodity.
          (4) Upland cotton conversion.--In the case of seed cotton, 
        for purposes of determining the average of the yield per 
        planted acre under paragraph (2), the average yield for seed 
        cotton per planted acre shall be equal to 2.4 times the average 
        yield for upland cotton per planted acre.
          (5) Time for election.--An election under this subsection 
        shall be made at a time and manner so as to be in effect 
        beginning with the 2019 crop year, as determined by the 
        Secretary.

SEC. 1114. PAYMENT ACRES.

  (a) Determination of Payment Acres.--Subject to subsection (d), for 
the purpose of price loss coverage and agriculture risk coverage, the 
payment acres for each covered commodity on a farm shall be equal to 85 
percent of the base acres for the covered commodity on the farm.
  (b) Effect of Minimal Payment Acres.--
          (1) Prohibition on payments.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of this title, a producer on a farm may not receive 
        price loss coverage payments or agriculture risk coverage 
        payments if the sum of the base acres on the farm is 10 acres 
        or less, as determined by the Secretary, unless the sum of the 
        base acres on the farm, when combined with the base acres of 
        other farms in which the producer has an interest, is more than 
        10 acres.
          (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to a producer 
        that is--
                  (A) a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher (as 
                defined in section 355(e) of the Consolidated Farm and 
                Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2003(e))); or
                  (B) a limited resource farmer or rancher, as defined 
                by the Secretary.
  (c) Effect of Planting Fruits and Vegetables.--
          (1) Reduction required.--In the manner provided in this 
        subsection, payment acres on a farm shall be reduced in any 
        crop year in which fruits, vegetables (other than mung beans 
        and pulse crops), or wild rice have been planted on base acres 
        on a farm.
          (2) Price loss coverage and agricultural risk coverage.--In 
        the case of price loss coverage payments and agricultural risk 
        coverage payments, the reduction under paragraph (1) shall be 
        the amount equal to the base acres planted to crops referred to 
        in such paragraph in excess of 15 percent of base acres.
          (3) Reduction exceptions.--No reduction to payment acres 
        shall be made under this subsection if--
                  (A) cover crops or crops referred to in paragraph (1) 
                are grown solely for conservation purposes and not 
                harvested for use or sale, as determined by the 
                Secretary; or
                  (B) in any region in which there is a history of 
                double-cropping covered commodities with crops referred 
                to in paragraph (1) and such crops were so double-
                cropped on the base acres, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
          (4) Effect of reduction.--For each crop year for which 
        fruits, vegetables (other than mung beans and pulse crops), or 
        wild rice are planted to base acres on a farm for which a 
        reduction in payment acres is made under this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall consider such base acres to be planted, or 
        prevented from planting, to a covered commodity for purposes of 
        any adjustment or reduction of base acres for the farm under 
        section 1112.
  (d) Unassigned Crop Base.--The Secretary shall maintain information 
on base acres allocated as unassigned crop base pursuant to--
          (1) section 1112(c)(3); or
          (2) section 1112(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
        9012(a)).

SEC. 1115. PRODUCER ELECTION.

  (a) Election Required.--For the 2019 through 2023 crop years, all of 
the producers on a farm shall make a 1-time, irrevocable election to 
obtain on a covered-commodity-by-covered-commodity basis--
          (1) price loss coverage under section 1116; or
          (2) agriculture risk coverage under section 1117.
  (b) Effect of Failure to Make Unanimous Election.--If all the 
producers on a farm fail to make a unanimous election under subsection 
(a) for the 2019 crop year--
          (1) the Secretary shall not make any payments with respect to 
        the farm for the 2019 crop year under section 1116 or 1117; and
          (2) the producers on the farm shall be deemed to have elected 
        price loss coverage under section 1116 for all covered 
        commodities on the farm for the 2020 through 2023 crop years.
  (c) Prohibition on Reconstitution.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
producers on a farm do not reconstitute the farm to void or change an 
election made under this section.

SEC. 1116. PRICE LOSS COVERAGE.

  (a) Price Loss Coverage Payments.--If all of the producers on a farm 
make the election under subsection (a) of section 1115 to obtain price 
loss coverage or, subject to subsection (b)(1) of such section, are 
deemed to have made such election under subsection (b)(2) of such 
section, the Secretary shall make price loss coverage payments to 
producers on the farm on a covered-commodity-by-covered-commodity basis 
if the Secretary determines that, for any of the 2019 through 2023 crop 
years--
          (1) the effective price for the covered commodity for the 
        crop year; is less than
          (2) the effective reference price for the covered commodity 
        for the crop year.
  (b) Effective Price.--The effective price for a covered commodity for 
a crop year shall be the higher of--
          (1) the marketing year average price; or
          (2) the national average loan rate for a marketing assistance 
        loan for the covered commodity in effect for such crop year 
        under subtitle B.
  (c) Payment Rate.--The payment rate shall be equal to the difference 
between--
          (1) the effective reference price for the covered commodity; 
        and
          (2) the effective price determined under subsection (b) for 
        the covered commodity.
  (d) Payment Amount.--If price loss coverage payments are required to 
be provided under this section for any of the 2019 through 2023 crop 
years for a covered commodity, the amount of the price loss coverage 
payment to be paid to the producers on a farm for the crop year shall 
be equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
          (1) the payment rate for the covered commodity under 
        subsection (c);
          (2) the payment yield for the covered commodity; and
          (3) the payment acres for the covered commodity determined 
        under section 1114.
  (e) Time for Payments.--If the Secretary determines under this 
section that price loss coverage payments are required to be provided 
for the covered commodity, the payments shall be made beginning October 
1, or as soon as practicable thereafter, after the end of the 
applicable marketing year for the covered commodity.
  (f) Effective Price for Barley.--In determining the effective price 
for barley under subsection (b), the Secretary shall use the all-barley 
price.
  (g) Reference Price for Temperate Japonica Rice.--In order to reflect 
price premiums, the Secretary shall provide a reference price with 
respect to temperate japonica rice in an amount equal to the amount 
established under subparagraph (F) of section 1111(17), as adjusted by 
paragraph (7) of such section, multiplied by the ratio obtained by 
dividing--
          (1) the simple average of the marketing year average price of 
        medium grain rice from the 2012 through 2016 crop years; by
          (2) the simple average of the marketing year average price of 
        all rice from the 2012 through 2016 crop years.

SEC. 1117. AGRICULTURE RISK COVERAGE.

  (a) Agriculture Risk Coverage Payments.--If all of the producers on a 
farm make the election under section 1115(a) to obtain agriculture risk 
coverage, the Secretary shall make agriculture risk coverage payments 
to producers on the farm if the Secretary determines that, for any of 
the 2019 through 2023 crop years--
          (1) the actual crop revenue determined under subsection (b) 
        for the crop year; is less than
          (2) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee determined under 
        subsection (c) for the crop year.
  (b) Actual Crop Revenue.--The amount of the actual crop revenue for a 
county for a crop year of a covered commodity shall be equal to the 
product obtained by multiplying--
          (1) the actual average county yield per planted acre for the 
        covered commodity, as determined by the Secretary; and
          (2) the higher of--
                  (A) the marketing year average price; or
                  (B) the national average loan rate for a marketing 
                assistance loan for the covered commodity in effect for 
                such crop year under subtitle B.
  (c) Agriculture Risk Coverage Guarantee.--
          (1) In general.--The agriculture risk coverage guarantee for 
        a crop year for a covered commodity shall equal 86 percent of 
        the benchmark revenue.
          (2) Benchmark revenue.--The benchmark revenue shall be equal 
        to the product obtained by multiplying--
                  (A) subject to paragraph (3), the average historical 
                county yield as determined by the Secretary for the 
                most recent 5 crop years, excluding each of the crop 
                years with the highest and lowest yields; and
                  (B) subject to paragraph (4), the marketing year 
                average price for the most recent 5 crop years, 
                excluding each of the crop years with the highest and 
                lowest prices.
          (3) Yield conditions.--If the yield per planted acre for the 
        covered commodity or historical county yield per planted acre 
        for the covered commodity for any of the 5 most recent crop 
        years, as determined by the Secretary, is less than 70 percent 
        of the transitional yield, as determined by the Secretary, the 
        amounts used for any of those years in paragraph (2)(A) shall 
        be 70 percent of the transitional yield.
          (4) Reference price.--If the marketing year average price for 
        any of the 5 most recent crop years is lower than the reference 
        price for the covered commodity, the Secretary shall use the 
        reference price for any of those years for the amounts in 
        paragraph (2)(B).
  (d) Payment Rate.--The payment rate for a covered commodity in a 
county shall be equal to the lesser of--
          (1) the amount that--
                  (A) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee for the 
                crop year applicable under subsection (c); exceeds
                  (B) the actual crop revenue for the crop year 
                applicable under subsection (b); or
          (2) 10 percent of the benchmark revenue for the crop year 
        applicable under subsection (c).
  (e) Payment Amount.--If agriculture risk coverage payments are 
required to be paid for any of the 2019 through 2023 crop years, the 
amount of the agriculture risk coverage payment for the crop year shall 
be determined by multiplying--
          (1) the payment rate for the covered commodity determined 
        under subsection (d); and
          (2) the payment acres for the covered commodity determined 
        under section 1114.
  (f) Time for Payments.--If the Secretary determines that agriculture 
risk coverage payments are required to be provided for the covered 
commodity, payments shall be made beginning October 1, or as soon as 
practicable thereafter, after the end of the applicable marketing year 
for the covered commodity.
  (g) Additional Duties of the Secretary.--In providing agriculture 
risk coverage, the Secretary shall--
          (1) to the maximum extent practicable, use all available 
        information and analysis, including data mining, to check for 
        anomalies in the determination of agriculture risk coverage 
        payments;
          (2) calculate a separate actual crop revenue and agriculture 
        risk coverage guarantee for irrigated and nonirrigated covered 
        commodities;
          (3) assign an actual or benchmark county yield for each 
        planted acre for the crop year for the covered commodity--
                  (A) for a county for which county data collected by 
                the Risk Management Agency is sufficient for the 
                Secretary to offer a county-wide insurance product 
                using the actual average county yield determined by the 
                Risk Management Agency; or
                  (B) for a county not described in subparagraph (A) 
                using--
                          (i) other sources of yield information, as 
                        determined by the Secretary; or
                          (ii) the yield history of representative 
                        farms in the State, region, or crop reporting 
                        district, as determined by the Secretary; and
          (4) make payments, as applicable, to producers using the 
        payment rate of the county of the physical location of the base 
        acres of a farm.

SEC. 1118. PRODUCER AGREEMENTS.

  (a) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--
          (1) Requirements.--Before the producers on a farm may receive 
        payments under this subtitle with respect to the farm, the 
        producers shall agree, during the crop year for which the 
        payments are made and in exchange for the payments--
                  (A) to comply with applicable conservation 
                requirements under subtitle B of title XII of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 et seq.);
                  (B) to comply with applicable wetland protection 
                requirements under subtitle C of title XII of that Act 
                (16 U.S.C. 3821 et seq.);
                  (C) to effectively control noxious weeds and 
                otherwise maintain the land in accordance with sound 
                agricultural practices, as determined by the Secretary; 
                and
                  (D) to use the land on the farm, in a quantity equal 
                to the attributable base acres for the farm and any 
                base acres for an agricultural or conserving use, and 
                not for a nonagricultural commercial, industrial, or 
                residential use, as determined by the Secretary.
          (2) Compliance.--The Secretary may issue such rules as the 
        Secretary considers necessary to ensure producer compliance 
        with the requirements of paragraph (1).
          (3) Modification.--At the request of the transferee or owner, 
        the Secretary may modify the requirements of this subsection if 
        the modifications are consistent with the objectives of this 
        subsection, as determined by the Secretary.
  (b) Transfer or Change of Interest in Farm.--
          (1) Termination.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
                a transfer of (or change in) the interest of the 
                producers on a farm for which payments under this 
                subtitle are provided shall result in the termination 
                of the payments, unless the transferee or owner of the 
                acreage agrees to assume all obligations under 
                subsection (a).
                  (B) Effective date.--The termination shall take 
                effect on the date determined by the Secretary.
          (2) Exception.--If a producer entitled to a payment under 
        this subtitle dies, becomes incompetent, or is otherwise unable 
        to receive the payment, the Secretary shall make the payment in 
        accordance with rules issued by the Secretary.
  (c) Acreage Reports.--As a condition on the receipt of any benefits 
under this subtitle or subtitle B, the Secretary shall require 
producers on a farm to submit to the Secretary annual acreage reports 
with respect to all cropland on the farm.
  (d) Effect of Inaccurate Reports.--No penalty with respect to 
benefits under this subtitle or subtitle B shall be assessed against a 
producer on a farm for an inaccurate acreage report unless the 
Secretary determines that the producer on the farm knowingly and 
willfully falsified the acreage report.
  (e) Tenants and Sharecroppers.--In carrying out this subtitle, the 
Secretary shall provide adequate safeguards to protect the interests of 
tenants and sharecroppers.
  (f) Sharing of Payments.--The Secretary shall provide for the sharing 
of payments made under this subtitle among the producers on a farm on a 
fair and equitable basis.

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

SEC. 1201. AVAILABILITY OF NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS FOR 
                    LOAN COMMODITIES.

  (a) Definition of Loan Commodity.--In this subtitle, the term ``loan 
commodity'' means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland 
cotton, extra long staple cotton, long grain rice, medium grain rice, 
peanuts, soybeans, other oilseeds, graded wool, nongraded wool, mohair, 
honey, dry peas, lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
  (b) Nonrecourse Loans Available.--
          (1) In general.--For each of the 2019 through 2023 crops of 
        each loan commodity, the Secretary shall make available to 
        producers on a farm nonrecourse marketing assistance loans for 
        loan commodities produced on the farm.
          (2) Terms and conditions.--The marketing assistance loans 
        shall be made under terms and conditions that are prescribed by 
        the Secretary and at the loan rate established under section 
        1202 for the loan commodity.
  (c) Eligible Production.--The producers on a farm shall be eligible 
for a marketing assistance loan under subsection (b) for any quantity 
of a loan commodity produced on the farm.
  (d) Compliance With Conservation and Wetlands Requirements.--As a 
condition of the receipt of a marketing assistance loan under 
subsection (b), the producer shall comply with applicable conservation 
requirements under subtitle B of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 et seq.) and applicable wetland protection 
requirements under subtitle C of title XII of that Act (16 U.S.C. 3821 
et seq.) during the term of the loan.
  (e) Special Rules for Peanuts.--
          (1) In general.--This subsection shall apply only to 
        producers of peanuts.
          (2) Options for obtaining loan.--A marketing assistance loan 
        under this section, and loan deficiency payments under section 
        1205, may be obtained at the option of the producers on a farm 
        through--
                  (A) a designated marketing association or marketing 
                cooperative of producers that is approved by the 
                Secretary; or
                  (B) the Farm Service Agency.
          (3) Storage of loan peanuts.--As a condition on the approval 
        by the Secretary of an individual or entity to provide storage 
        for peanuts for which a marketing assistance loan is made under 
        this section, the individual or entity shall agree--
                  (A) to provide the storage on a nondiscriminatory 
                basis; and
                  (B) to comply with such additional requirements as 
                the Secretary considers appropriate to accomplish the 
                purposes of this section and promote fairness in the 
                administration of the benefits of this section.
          (4) Storage, handling, and associated costs.--
                  (A) In general.--To ensure proper storage of peanuts 
                for which a loan is made under this section, the 
                Secretary shall pay handling and other associated costs 
                (other than storage costs) incurred at the time at 
                which the peanuts are placed under loan, as determined 
                by the Secretary.
                  (B) Redemption and forfeiture.--The Secretary shall--
                          (i) require the repayment of handling and 
                        other associated costs paid under subparagraph 
                        (A) for all peanuts pledged as collateral for a 
                        loan that is redeemed under this section; and
                          (ii) pay storage, handling, and other 
                        associated costs for all peanuts pledged as 
                        collateral that are forfeited under this 
                        section.
          (5) Marketing.--A marketing association or cooperative may 
        market peanuts for which a loan is made under this section in 
        any manner that conforms to consumer needs, including the 
        separation of peanuts by type and quality.
          (6) Reimbursable agreements and payment of administrative 
        expenses.--The Secretary may implement any reimbursable 
        agreements or provide for the payment of administrative 
        expenses under this subsection only in a manner that is 
        consistent with those activities in regard to other loan 
        commodities.

SEC. 1202. LOAN RATES FOR NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS.

  (a) In General.--For purposes of each of the 2019 through 2023 crop 
years, the loan rate for a marketing assistance loan under section 1201 
for a loan commodity shall be equal to the following:
          (1) In the case of wheat, $2.94 per bushel.
          (2) In the case of corn, $1.95 per bushel.
          (3) In the case of grain sorghum, $1.95 per bushel.
          (4) In the case of barley, $1.95 per bushel.
          (5) In the case of oats, $1.39 per bushel.
          (6)(A) Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), in the case of 
        base quality of upland cotton, the simple average of the 
        adjusted prevailing world price for the 2 immediately preceding 
        marketing years, as determined by the Secretary and announced 
        October 1 preceding the next domestic planting.
          (B) Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the loan rate 
        determined under subparagraph (A) may not equal less than an 
        amount equal to 98 percent of the loan rate for base quality of 
        upland cotton for the preceding year.
          (C) The loan rate determined under subparagraph (A) may not 
        be equal to an amount--
                  (i) less than $0.45 per pound; or
                  (ii) more than $0.52 per pound.
          (7) In the case of extra long staple cotton, $0.95 per pound.
          (8) In the case of long grain rice, $6.50 per hundredweight.
          (9) In the case of medium grain rice, $6.50 per 
        hundredweight.
          (10) In the case of soybeans, $5.00 per bushel.
          (11) In the case of other oilseeds, $10.09 per hundredweight 
        for each of the following kinds of oilseeds:
                  (A) Sunflower seed.
                  (B) Rapeseed.
                  (C) Canola.
                  (D) Safflower.
                  (E) Flaxseed.
                  (F) Mustard seed.
                  (G) Crambe.
                  (H) Sesame seed.
                  (I) Other oilseeds designated by the Secretary.
          (12) In the case of dry peas, $5.40 per hundredweight.
          (13) In the case of lentils, $11.28 per hundredweight.
          (14) In the case of small chickpeas, $7.43 per hundredweight.
          (15) In the case of large chickpeas, $11.28 per 
        hundredweight.
          (16) In the case of graded wool, $1.15 per pound.
          (17) In the case of nongraded wool, $0.40 per pound.
          (18) In the case of mohair, $4.20 per pound.
          (19) In the case of honey, $0.69 per pound.
          (20) In the case of peanuts, $355 per ton.
  (b) Single County Loan Rate for Other Oilseeds.--The Secretary shall 
establish a single loan rate in each county for each kind of other 
oilseeds described in subsection (a)(11).
  (c) Rule for Seed Cotton.--
          (1) In general.--For purposes of sections 1116(b)(2) and 
        1117(b)(2)(B) only, seed cotton shall be deemed to have a loan 
        rate equal to $0.25 per pound.
          (2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        be construed to authorize nonrecourse marketing assistance 
        loans under this subtitle for seed cotton.

SEC. 1203. TERM OF LOANS.

  (a) Term of Loan.--In the case of each loan commodity, a marketing 
assistance loan under section 1201 shall have a term of 9 months 
beginning on the first day of the first month after the month in which 
the loan is made.
  (b) Extensions Prohibited.--The Secretary may not extend the term of 
a marketing assistance loan for any loan commodity.

SEC. 1204. REPAYMENT OF LOANS.

  (a) General Rule.--The Secretary shall permit the producers on a farm 
to repay a marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for a loan 
commodity (other than upland cotton, long grain rice, medium grain 
rice, extra long staple cotton, peanuts and confectionery and each 
other kind of sunflower seed (other than oil sunflower seed)) at a rate 
that is the lesser of--
          (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under section 
        1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with section 163 
        of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 
        (7 U.S.C. 7283));
          (2) a rate (as determined by the Secretary) that--
                  (A) is calculated based on average market prices for 
                the loan commodity during the preceding 30-day period; 
                and
                  (B) will minimize discrepancies in marketing loan 
                benefits across State boundaries and across county 
                boundaries; or
          (3) a rate that the Secretary may develop using alternative 
        methods for calculating a repayment rate for a loan commodity 
        that the Secretary determines will--
                  (A) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                  (B) minimize the accumulation of stocks of the 
                commodity by the Federal Government;
                  (C) minimize the cost incurred by the Federal 
                Government in storing the commodity;
                  (D) allow the commodity produced in the United States 
                to be marketed freely and competitively, both 
                domestically and internationally; and
                  (E) minimize discrepancies in marketing loan benefits 
                across State boundaries and across county boundaries.
  (b) Repayment Rates for Upland Cotton, Long Grain Rice, and Medium 
Grain Rice.--The Secretary shall permit producers to repay a marketing 
assistance loan under section 1201 for upland cotton, long grain rice, 
and medium grain rice at a rate that is the lesser of--
          (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under section 
        1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with section 163 
        of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 
        (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
          (2) the prevailing world market price for the commodity, as 
        determined and adjusted by the Secretary in accordance with 
        this section.
  (c) Repayment Rates for Extra Long Staple Cotton.--Repayment of a 
marketing assistance loan for extra long staple cotton shall be at the 
loan rate established for the commodity under section 1202, plus 
interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)).
  (d) Prevailing World Market Price.--For purposes of this section and 
section 1207, the Secretary shall prescribe by regulation--
          (1) a formula to determine the prevailing world market price 
        for each of upland cotton, long grain rice and medium grain 
        rice; and
          (2) a mechanism by which the Secretary shall announce 
        periodically those prevailing world market prices.
  (e) Adjustment of Prevailing World Market Price for Upland Cotton, 
Long Grain Rice, and Medium Grain Rice.--
          (1) Rice.--The prevailing world market price for long grain 
        rice and medium grain rice determined under subsection (d) 
        shall be adjusted to United States quality and location.
          (2) Cotton.--The prevailing world market price for upland 
        cotton determined under subsection (d)--
                  (A) shall be adjusted to United States quality and 
                location, with the adjustment to include--
                          (i) a reduction equal to any United States 
                        Premium Factor for upland cotton of a quality 
                        higher than Middling (M) 1\3/32\-inch; and
                          (ii) the average costs to market the 
                        commodity, including average transportation 
                        costs, as determined by the Secretary; and
                  (B) may be further adjusted, during the period 
                beginning on the date of enactment of this Act and 
                ending on July 31, 2024, if the Secretary determines 
                the adjustment is necessary--
                          (i) to minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                          (ii) to minimize the accumulation of stocks 
                        of upland cotton by the Federal Government;
                          (iii) to ensure that upland cotton produced 
                        in the United States can be marketed freely and 
                        competitively, both domestically and 
                        internationally; and
                          (iv) to ensure an appropriate transition 
                        between current-crop and forward-crop price 
                        quotations, except that the Secretary may use 
                        forward-crop price quotations prior to July 31 
                        of a marketing year only if--
                                  (I) there are insufficient current-
                                crop price quotations; and
                                  (II) the forward-crop price quotation 
                                is the lowest such quotation available.
          (3) Guidelines for additional adjustments.--In making 
        adjustments under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        establish a mechanism for determining and announcing the 
        adjustments in order to avoid undue disruption in the United 
        States market.
  (f) Repayment Rates for Confectionery and Other Kinds of Sunflower 
Seeds.--The Secretary shall permit the producers on a farm to repay a 
marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for confectionery and each 
other kind of sunflower seed (other than oil sunflower seed) at a rate 
that is the lesser of--
          (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under section 
        1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with section 163 
        of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 
        (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
          (2) the repayment rate established for oil sunflower seed.
  (g) Payment of Cotton Storage Costs.--Effective for each of the 2019 
through 2023 crop years, the Secretary shall make cotton storage 
payments available in the same manner, and at the same rates as the 
Secretary provided storage payments for the 2006 crop of cotton, except 
that the rates shall be reduced by 10 percent.
  (h) Repayment Rate for Peanuts.--The Secretary shall permit producers 
on a farm to repay a marketing assistance loan for peanuts under 
section 1201 at a rate that is the lesser of--
          (1) the loan rate established for peanuts under section 
        1202(a)(20), plus interest (determined in accordance with 
        section 163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
        Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
          (2) a rate that the Secretary determines will--
                  (A) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                  (B) minimize the accumulation of stocks of peanuts by 
                the Federal Government;
                  (C) minimize the cost incurred by the Federal 
                Government in storing peanuts; and
                  (D) allow peanuts produced in the United States to be 
                marketed freely and competitively, both domestically 
                and internationally.
  (i) Authority To Temporarily Adjust Repayment Rates.--
          (1) Adjustment authority.--In the event of a severe 
        disruption to marketing, transportation, or related 
        infrastructure, the Secretary may modify the repayment rate 
        otherwise applicable under this section for marketing 
        assistance loans under section 1201 for a loan commodity.
          (2) Duration.--Any adjustment made under paragraph (1) in the 
        repayment rate for marketing assistance loans for a loan 
        commodity shall be in effect on a short-term and temporary 
        basis, as determined by the Secretary.

SEC. 1205. LOAN DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS.

  (a) Availability of Loan Deficiency Payments.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (d), the 
        Secretary may make loan deficiency payments available to 
        producers on a farm that, although eligible to obtain a 
        marketing assistance loan under section 1201 with respect to a 
        loan commodity, agree to forgo obtaining the loan for the 
        commodity in return for loan deficiency payments under this 
        section.
          (2) Unshorn pelts, hay, and silage.--
                  (A) Marketing assistance loans.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (B), nongraded wool in the form of unshorn 
                pelts and hay and silage derived from a loan commodity 
                are not eligible for a marketing assistance loan under 
                section 1201.
                  (B) Loan deficiency payment.--Effective for each of 
                the 2019 through 2023 crop years, the Secretary may 
                make loan deficiency payments available under this 
                section to producers on a farm that produce unshorn 
                pelts or hay and silage derived from a loan commodity.
  (b) Computation.--A loan deficiency payment for a loan commodity or 
commodity referred to in subsection (a)(2) shall be equal to the 
product obtained by multiplying--
          (1) the payment rate determined under subsection (c) for the 
        commodity; by
          (2) the quantity of the commodity produced by the eligible 
        producers, excluding any quantity for which the producers 
        obtain a marketing assistance loan under section 1201.
  (c) Payment Rate.--
          (1) In general.--In the case of a loan commodity, the payment 
        rate shall be the amount by which--
                  (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 for 
                the loan commodity; exceeds
                  (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan for 
                the loan commodity may be repaid under section 1204.
          (2) Unshorn pelts.--In the case of unshorn pelts, the payment 
        rate shall be the amount by which--
                  (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 for 
                ungraded wool; exceeds
                  (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan for 
                ungraded wool may be repaid under section 1204.
          (3) Hay and silage.--In the case of hay or silage derived 
        from a loan commodity, the payment rate shall be the amount by 
        which--
                  (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 for 
                the loan commodity from which the hay or silage is 
                derived; exceeds
                  (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan for 
                the loan commodity may be repaid under section 1204.
  (d) Exception for Extra Long Staple Cotton.--This section shall not 
apply with respect to extra long staple cotton.
  (e) Effective Date for Payment Rate Determination.--The Secretary 
shall determine the amount of the loan deficiency payment to be made 
under this section to the producers on a farm with respect to a 
quantity of a loan commodity or commodity referred to in subsection 
(a)(2) using the payment rate in effect under subsection (c) as of the 
date the producers request the payment.

SEC. 1206. PAYMENTS IN LIEU OF LOAN DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS FOR GRAZED 
                    ACREAGE.

  (a) Eligible Producers.--
          (1) In general.--Effective for each of the 2019 through 2023 
        crop years, in the case of a producer that would be eligible 
        for a loan deficiency payment under section 1205 for wheat, 
        barley, or oats, but that elects to use acreage planted to the 
        wheat, barley, or oats for the grazing of livestock, the 
        Secretary shall make a payment to the producer under this 
        section if the producer enters into an agreement with the 
        Secretary to forgo any other harvesting of the wheat, barley, 
        or oats on that acreage.
          (2) Grazing of triticale acreage.--Effective for each of the 
        2019 through 2023 crop years, with respect to a producer on a 
        farm that uses acreage planted to triticale for the grazing of 
        livestock, the Secretary shall make a payment to the producer 
        under this section if the producer enters into an agreement 
        with the Secretary to forgo any other harvesting of triticale 
        on that acreage.
  (b) Payment Amount.--
          (1) In general.--The amount of a payment made under this 
        section to a producer on a farm described in subsection (a)(1) 
        shall be equal to the amount determined by multiplying--
                  (A) the loan deficiency payment rate determined under 
                section 1205(c) in effect, as of the date of the 
                agreement, for the county in which the farm is located; 
                by
                  (B) the payment quantity determined by multiplying--
                          (i) the quantity of the grazed acreage on the 
                        farm with respect to which the producer elects 
                        to forgo harvesting of wheat, barley, or oats; 
                        and
                          (ii)(I) the payment yield in effect for the 
                        calculation of price loss coverage under 
                        section 1116 with respect to that loan 
                        commodity on the farm;
                          (II) in the case of a farm for which 
                        agriculture risk coverage is elected under 
                        section 1117, the payment yield that would 
                        otherwise be in effect with respect to that 
                        loan commodity on the farm in the absence of 
                        such election; or
                          (III) in the case of a farm for which no 
                        payment yield is otherwise established for that 
                        loan commodity on the farm, an appropriate 
                        yield established by the Secretary in a manner 
                        consistent with section 1113(b).
          (2) Grazing of triticale acreage.--The amount of a payment 
        made under this section to a producer on a farm described in 
        subsection (a)(2) shall be equal to the amount determined by 
        multiplying--
                  (A) the loan deficiency payment rate determined under 
                section 1205(c) in effect for wheat, as of the date of 
                the agreement, for the county in which the farm is 
                located; by
                  (B) the payment quantity determined by multiplying--
                          (i) the quantity of the grazed acreage on the 
                        farm with respect to which the producer elects 
                        to forgo harvesting of triticale; and
                          (ii)(I) the payment yield in effect for the 
                        calculation of price loss coverage under 
                        subtitle A with respect to wheat on the farm;
                          (II) in the case of a farm for which 
                        agriculture risk coverage is elected under 
                        section 1117, the payment yield that would 
                        otherwise be in effect for wheat on the farm in 
                        the absence of such election; or
                          (III) in the case of a farm for which no 
                        payment yield is otherwise established for 
                        wheat on the farm, an appropriate yield 
                        established by the Secretary in a manner 
                        consistent with section 1113(b).
  (c) Time, Manner, and Availability of Payment.--
          (1) Time and manner.--A payment under this section shall be 
        made at the same time and in the same manner as loan deficiency 
        payments are made under section 1205.
          (2) Availability.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
                availability period for the payments authorized by this 
                section.
                  (B) Certain commodities.--In the case of wheat, 
                barley, and oats, the availability period shall be 
                consistent with the availability period for the 
                commodity established by the Secretary for marketing 
                assistance loans authorized by this subtitle.
  (d) Prohibition on Crop Insurance Indemnity or Noninsured Crop 
Assistance.--A 2019 through 2023 crop of wheat, barley, oats, or 
triticale planted on acreage that a producer elects, in the agreement 
required by subsection (a), to use for the grazing of livestock in lieu 
of any other harvesting of the crop shall not be eligible for an 
indemnity under a policy or plan of insurance authorized under the 
Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) or noninsured crop 
assistance under section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333).

SEC. 1207. SPECIAL MARKETING LOAN PROVISIONS FOR UPLAND COTTON.

  (a) Special Import Quota.--
          (1) Definition of special import quota.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``special import quota'' means a quantity of imports 
        that is not subject to the over-quota tariff rate of a tariff-
        rate quota.
          (2) Establishment.--
                  (A) In general.--The President shall carry out an 
                import quota program beginning on August 1, 2019, as 
                provided in this subsection.
                  (B) Program requirements.--Whenever the Secretary 
                determines and announces that for any consecutive 4-
                week period, the Friday through Thursday average price 
                quotation for the lowest priced United States growth, 
                as quoted for Middling (M) 1\3/32\-inch upland cotton, 
                delivered to a definable and significant international 
                market, as determined by the Secretary, exceeds the 
                prevailing world market price, there shall immediately 
                be in effect a special import quota.
          (3) Quantity.--The quota shall be equal to the consumption 
        during a 1-week period of cotton by domestic mills at the 
        seasonally adjusted average rate of the most recent 3 months 
        for which official data of the Department of Agriculture are 
        available or, in the absence of sufficient data, as estimated 
        by the Secretary.
          (4) Application.--The quota shall apply to upland cotton 
        purchased not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        Secretary's announcement under paragraph (2) and entered into 
        the United States not later than 180 days after that date.
          (5) Overlap.--A special quota period may be established that 
        overlaps any existing quota period if required by paragraph 
        (2), except that a special quota period may not be established 
        under this subsection if a quota period has been established 
        under subsection (b).
          (6) Preferential tariff treatment.--The quantity under a 
        special import quota shall be considered to be an in-quota 
        quantity for purposes of--
                  (A) section 213(d) of the Caribbean Basin Economic 
                Recovery Act (19 U.S.C. 2703(d));
                  (B) section 204 of the Andean Trade Preference Act 
                (19 U.S.C. 3203);
                  (C) section 503(d) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 
                U.S.C. 2463(d)); and
                  (D) General Note 3(a)(iv) to the Harmonized Tariff 
                Schedule.
          (7) Limitation.--The quantity of cotton entered into the 
        United States during any marketing year under the special 
        import quota established under this subsection may not exceed 
        the equivalent of 10 weeks' consumption of upland cotton by 
        domestic mills at the seasonally adjusted average rate of the 3 
        months immediately preceding the first special import quota 
        established in any marketing year.
  (b) Limited Global Import Quota for Upland Cotton.--
          (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                  (A) Demand.--The term ``demand'' means--
                          (i) the average seasonally adjusted annual 
                        rate of domestic mill consumption of cotton 
                        during the most recent 3 months for which 
                        official data of the Department of Agriculture 
                        are available or, in the absence of sufficient 
                        data, as estimated by the Secretary; and
                          (ii) the larger of--
                                  (I) average exports of upland cotton 
                                during the preceding 6 marketing years; 
                                or
                                  (II) cumulative exports of upland 
                                cotton plus outstanding export sales 
                                for the marketing year in which the 
                                quota is established.
                  (B) Limited global import quota.--The term ``limited 
                global import quota'' means a quantity of imports that 
                is not subject to the over-quota tariff rate of a 
                tariff-rate quota.
                  (C) Supply.--The term ``supply'' means, using the 
                latest official data of the Department of Agriculture--
                          (i) the carry-over of upland cotton at the 
                        beginning of the marketing year (adjusted to 
                        480-pound bales) in which the quota is 
                        established;
                          (ii) production of the current crop; and
                          (iii) imports to the latest date available 
                        during the marketing year.
          (2) Program.--The President shall carry out an import quota 
        program that provides that whenever the Secretary determines 
        and announces that the average price of the base quality of 
        upland cotton, as determined by the Secretary, in the 
        designated spot markets for a month exceeded 130 percent of the 
        average price of the quality of cotton in the markets for the 
        preceding 36 months, notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, there shall immediately be in effect a limited global 
        import quota subject to the following conditions:
                  (A) Quantity.--The quantity of the quota shall be 
                equal to 21 days of domestic mill consumption of upland 
                cotton at the seasonally adjusted average rate of the 
                most recent 3 months for which official data of the 
                Department of Agriculture are available or, in the 
                absence of sufficient data, as estimated by the 
                Secretary.
                  (B) Quantity of prior quota.--If a quota has been 
                established under this subsection during the preceding 
                12 months, the quantity of the quota next established 
                under this subsection shall be the smaller of 21 days 
                of domestic mill consumption calculated under 
                subparagraph (A) or the quantity required to increase 
                the supply to 130 percent of the demand.
                  (C) Preferential tariff treatment.--The quantity 
                under a limited global import quota shall be considered 
                to be an in-quota quantity for purposes of--
                          (i) section 213(d) of the Caribbean Basin 
                        Economic Recovery Act (19 U.S.C. 2703(d));
                          (ii) section 204 of the Andean Trade 
                        Preference Act (19 U.S.C. 3203);
                          (iii) section 503(d) of the Trade Act of 1974 
                        (19 U.S.C. 2463(d)); and
                          (iv) General Note 3(a)(iv) to the Harmonized 
                        Tariff Schedule.
                  (D) Quota entry period.--When a quota is established 
                under this subsection, cotton may be entered under the 
                quota during the 90-day period beginning on the date 
                the quota is established by the Secretary.
          (3) No overlap.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), a quota 
        period may not be established that overlaps an existing quota 
        period or a special quota period established under subsection 
        (a).
  (c) Economic Adjustment Assistance for Textile Mills.--
          (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        shall, on a monthly basis, make economic adjustment assistance 
        available to domestic users of upland cotton in the form of 
        payments for all documented use of that upland cotton during 
        the previous monthly period regardless of the origin of the 
        upland cotton.
          (2) Value of assistance.--The value of the assistance 
        provided under paragraph (1) shall be 3.15 cents per pound.
          (3) Allowable purposes.--Economic adjustment assistance under 
        this subsection shall be made available only to domestic users 
        of upland cotton that certify that the assistance shall be used 
        only to acquire, construct, install, modernize, develop, 
        convert, or expand land, plant, buildings, equipment, 
        facilities, or machinery.
          (4) Review or audit.--The Secretary may conduct such review 
        or audit of the records of a domestic user under this 
        subsection as the Secretary determines necessary to carry out 
        this subsection.
          (5) Improper use of assistance.--If the Secretary determines, 
        after a review or audit of the records of the domestic user, 
        that economic adjustment assistance under this subsection was 
        not used for the purposes specified in paragraph (3), the 
        domestic user shall be--
                  (A) liable for the repayment of the assistance to the 
                Secretary, plus interest, as determined by the 
                Secretary; and
                  (B) ineligible to receive assistance under this 
                subsection for a period of 1 year following the 
                determination of the Secretary.

SEC. 1208. SPECIAL COMPETITIVE PROVISIONS FOR EXTRA LONG STAPLE COTTON.

  (a) Competitiveness Program.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, during the period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act 
through July 31, 2024, the Secretary shall carry out a program--
          (1) to maintain and expand the domestic use of extra long 
        staple cotton produced in the United States;
          (2) to increase exports of extra long staple cotton produced 
        in the United States; and
          (3) to ensure that extra long staple cotton produced in the 
        United States remains competitive in world markets.
  (b) Payments Under Program; Trigger.--Under the program, the 
Secretary shall make payments available under this section whenever--
          (1) for a consecutive 4-week period, the world market price 
        for the lowest priced competing growth of extra long staple 
        cotton (adjusted to United States quality and location and for 
        other factors affecting the competitiveness of such cotton), as 
        determined by the Secretary, is below the prevailing United 
        States price for a competing growth of extra long staple 
        cotton; and
          (2) the lowest priced competing growth of extra long staple 
        cotton (adjusted to United States quality and location and for 
        other factors affecting the competitiveness of such cotton), as 
        determined by the Secretary, is less than 113 percent of the 
        loan rate for extra long staple cotton.
  (c) Eligible Recipients.--The Secretary shall make payments available 
under this section to domestic users of extra long staple cotton 
produced in the United States and exporters of extra long staple cotton 
produced in the United States that enter into an agreement with the 
Commodity Credit Corporation to participate in the program under this 
section.
  (d) Payment Amount.--Payments under this section shall be based on 
the amount of the difference in the prices referred to in subsection 
(b)(1) during the fourth week of the consecutive 4-week period 
multiplied by the amount of documented purchases by domestic users and 
sales for export by exporters made in the week following such a 
consecutive 4-week period.

SEC. 1209. AVAILABILITY OF RECOURSE LOANS.

  (a) High Moisture Feed Grains.--
          (1) Definition of high moisture state.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``high moisture state'' means corn or grain sorghum 
        having a moisture content in excess of Commodity Credit 
        Corporation standards for marketing assistance loans made by 
        the Secretary under section 1201.
          (2) Recourse loans available.--For each of the 2019 through 
        2023 crops of corn and grain sorghum, the Secretary shall make 
        available recourse loans, as determined by the Secretary, to 
        producers on a farm that--
                  (A) normally harvest all or a portion of their crop 
                of corn or grain sorghum in a high moisture state;
                  (B) present--
                          (i) certified scale tickets from an 
                        inspected, certified commercial scale, 
                        including a licensed warehouse, feedlot, feed 
                        mill, distillery, or other similar entity 
                        approved by the Secretary, pursuant to 
                        regulations issued by the Secretary; or
                          (ii) field or other physical measurements of 
                        the standing or stored crop in regions of the 
                        United States, as determined by the Secretary, 
                        that do not have certified commercial scales 
                        from which certified scale tickets may be 
                        obtained within reasonable proximity of harvest 
                        operation;
                  (C) certify that the producers on the farm were the 
                owners of the feed grain at the time of delivery to, 
                and that the quantity to be placed under loan under 
                this subsection was in fact harvested on the farm and 
                delivered to, a feedlot, feed mill, or commercial or 
                on-farm high-moisture storage facility, or to a 
                facility maintained by the users of corn and grain 
                sorghum in a high moisture state; and
                  (D) comply with deadlines established by the 
                Secretary for harvesting the corn or grain sorghum and 
                submit applications for loans under this subsection 
                within deadlines established by the Secretary.
          (3) Eligibility of acquired feed grains.--A loan under this 
        subsection shall be made on a quantity of corn or grain sorghum 
        of the same crop acquired by the producer equivalent to a 
        quantity determined by multiplying--
                  (A) the acreage of the corn or grain sorghum in a 
                high moisture state harvested on the farm of the 
                producer; by
                  (B) the lower of--
                          (i) the payment yield in effect for the 
                        calculation of price loss coverage under 
                        section 1116, or the payment yield deemed to be 
                        in effect or established under subclause (II) 
                        or (III) of section 1206(b)(1)(B)(ii), with 
                        respect to corn or grain sorghum on a field 
                        that is similar to the field from which the 
                        corn or grain sorghum referred to in 
                        subparagraph (A) was obtained; or
                          (ii) the actual yield of corn or grain 
                        sorghum on a field, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, that is similar to the field from 
                        which the corn or grain sorghum referred to in 
                        subparagraph (A) was obtained.
  (b) Recourse Loans Available for Seed Cotton.--For each of the 2019 
through 2023 crops of upland cotton and extra long staple cotton, the 
Secretary shall make available recourse seed cotton loans, as 
determined by the Secretary, on any production.
  (c) Recourse Loans Available for Contaminated Commodities.--In the 
case of a loan commodity that is ineligible for 100 percent of the 
nonrecourse marketing loan rate in the county due to a determination 
that the commodity is contaminated yet still merchantable, for each of 
the 2019 through 2023 crops of such loan commodity, the Secretary shall 
make available recourse commodity loans, at the rate provided under 
section 1202, on any production.
  (d) Repayment Rates.--Repayment of a recourse loan made under this 
section shall be at the loan rate established for the commodity by the 
Secretary, plus interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of 
the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7283)).

SEC. 1210. ADJUSTMENTS OF LOANS.

  (a) Adjustment Authority.--Subject to subsection (e), the Secretary 
may make appropriate adjustments in the loan rates for any loan 
commodity (other than cotton) for differences in grade, type, quality, 
location, and other factors.
  (b) Manner of Adjustment.--The adjustments under subsection (a) 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be made in such a manner that 
the average loan level for the commodity will, on the basis of the 
anticipated incidence of the factors, be equal to the level of support 
determined in accordance with this subtitle and subtitle C.
  (c) Cost Saving Option.--In carrying out this title, the Secretary 
shall consider methods to enhance the support, loan, or assistance 
provided under this title in a manner that further minimizes the 
potential for forfeitures.
  (d) Adjustment on County Basis.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary may establish loan rates for a 
        crop for producers in individual counties in a manner that 
        results in the lowest loan rate being 95 percent of the 
        national average loan rate, if those loan rates do not result 
        in an increase in outlays.
          (2) Prohibition.--Adjustments under this subsection shall not 
        result in an increase in the national average loan rate for any 
        year.
  (e) Adjustment in Loan Rate for Cotton.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary may make appropriate 
        adjustments in the loan rate for cotton for differences in 
        quality factors.
          (2) Types of adjustments.--Loan rate adjustments under 
        paragraph (1) may include--
                  (A) the use of non-spot market price data, in 
                addition to spot market price data, that would enhance 
                the accuracy of the price information used in 
                determining quality adjustments under this subsection;
                  (B) adjustments in the premiums or discounts 
                associated with upland cotton with a staple length of 
                33 or above due to micronaire with the goal of 
                eliminating any unnecessary artificial splits in the 
                calculations of the premiums or discounts; and
                  (C) such other adjustments as the Secretary 
                determines appropriate, after consultations conducted 
                in accordance with paragraph (3).
          (3) Consultation with private sector.--
                  (A) Prior to revision.--In making adjustments to the 
                loan rate for cotton (including any review of the 
                adjustments) as provided in this subsection, the 
                Secretary shall consult with representatives of the 
                United States cotton industry.
                  (B) Inapplicability of federal advisory committee 
                act.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. 
                App.) shall not apply to consultations under this 
                subsection.
          (4) Review of adjustments.--The Secretary may review the 
        operation of the upland cotton quality adjustments implemented 
        pursuant to this subsection and may make further adjustments to 
        the administration of the loan program for upland cotton, by 
        revoking or revising any adjustment taken under paragraph (2).
  (f) Rice.--The Secretary shall not make adjustments in the loan rates 
for long grain rice and medium grain rice, except for differences in 
grade and quality (including milling yields).
  (g) Continuation of Authority.--Section 166 of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7286) is 
amended by striking ``and Subtitle B of title I of the Agricultural Act 
of 2014'' each place it appears and inserting ``subtitle B of title I 
of the Agricultural Act of 2014, and subtitle B of title I of the 
Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018''.

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

SEC. 1301. SUGAR POLICY.

  (a) Continuation of Current Program and Loan Rates.--
          (1) Sugarcane.--Section 156(a)(4) of the Federal Agriculture 
        Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7272(a)(4)) is 
        amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
          (2) Sugar beets.--Section 156(b)(2) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
        7272(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.
          (3) Effective period.--Section 156(i) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
        7272(i)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.
  (b) Flexible Marketing Allotments for Sugar.--
          (1) Sugar estimates.--Section 359b(a)(1) of the Agricultural 
        Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359bb(a)(1)) is amended by 
        striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
          (2) Effective period.--Section 359l(a) of the Agricultural 
        Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ll(a)) is amended by 
        striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

   Subtitle D--Dairy Risk Management Program and Other Dairy Programs

SEC. 1401. DAIRY RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAM FOR DAIRY PRODUCERS.

  (a) Review of Data Used in Calculation of Average Feed Cost.--Not 
later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture 
of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report evaluating the extent to 
which the average cost of feed used by a dairy operation to produce a 
hundredweight of milk calculated by the Secretary as required by 
section 1402(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9052(a)) is 
representative of actual dairy feed costs.
  (b) Corn Silage Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
report detailing the costs incurred by dairy operations in the use of 
corn silage as feed, and the difference between the feed cost of corn 
silage and the feed cost of corn.
  (c) Collection of Alfalfa Hay Data.--Not later than 120 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture, 
acting through the National Agricultural Statistics Service, shall 
revise monthly price survey reports to include prices for high-quality 
alfalfa hay in the top five milk producing States, as measured by 
volume of milk produced during the previous month.
  (d) Registration of Multiproducer Dairy Operations.--Section 1404(b) 
of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``If'' and inserting 
        ``Subject to paragraph (5), if''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(5) Certain multiproducer dairy operation exclusions.--
                  ``(A) Exclusion of low-percentage owners.--To promote 
                administrative efficiency in the dairy risk management 
                program, a multiproducer dairy operation covered by 
                paragraph (3) may elect, at the option of the 
                multiproducer dairy operation, to exclude information 
                from the registration process regarding any individual 
                owner of the multiproducer dairy operation that--
                          ``(i) holds less than a five percent 
                        ownership interest in the multiproducer dairy 
                        operation; or
                          ``(ii) is entitled to less than five percent 
                        of the income, revenue, profit, gain, loss, 
                        expenditure, deduction, or credit of the 
                        multiproducer dairy operation for any given 
                        year.
                  ``(B) Effect of exclusion on dairy risk management 
                payments.--To the extent that an individual owner of a 
                multiproducer dairy operation is excluded under 
                subparagraph (A) from the registration of the 
                multiproducer dairy operation, any dairy risk 
                management payment made to the multiproducer dairy 
                operation shall be reduced by an amount equal to the 
                greater of the following:
                          ``(i) The amount determined by multiplying 
                        the dairy risk management payment otherwise 
                        determined under section 1406 by the total 
                        percentage of ownership interests represented 
                        by the excluded owners.
                          ``(ii) The amount determined by multiplying 
                        the dairy risk management payment otherwise 
                        determined under section 1406 by the total 
                        percentage of the income, revenue, profit, 
                        gain, loss, expenditure, deduction, or credit 
                        of the multiproducer dairy operation 
                        represented by the excluded owners.''.
  (e) Relation to Livestock Gross Margin for Dairy Program.--Section 
1404(d) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054(d)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``but not both'' and inserting ``but not on 
        the same production'';
          (2) by striking ``or the'' and inserting ``and the''; and
          (3) by striking ``margin protection program'' and inserting 
        ``dairy risk management program''.
  (f) Production History of Participating Dairy Operators.--
          (1) Continued use of prior dairy operation production 
        history.--Section 1405(a)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
        U.S.C. 9055(a)(1)) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new sentence: ``The production history of a 
        participating dairy operation shall continue to be based on 
        annual milk marketings during the 2011, 2012, or 2013 calendar 
        year notwithstanding the operation of the dairy risk management 
        program through 2023.''.
          (2) Adjustment.--Section 1405(a) of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055(a)) is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``In subsequent 
                years'' and inserting ``In the subsequent calendar 
                years ending before January 1, 2019''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, as 
                applicable'' after ``paragraph (2)''.
          (3) Limitation on changes to business structure.--Section 
        1405 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055) is amended 
        by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  ``(d) Limitation on Changes to Business Structure.--The Secretary may 
not make dairy risk management payments to a participating dairy 
operation if the Secretary determines that the participating dairy 
operation has reorganized the structure of such operation solely for 
the purpose of qualifying as a new operation under subsection (b).''.
  (g) Dairy Risk Management Payments.--
          (1) Election of coverage level threshold and coverage 
        percentage.--Section 1406 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
        U.S.C. 9056) is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``annually''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
  ``(d) Deadline for Election; Duration.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this subsection, each participating dairy 
operation shall elect a coverage level threshold under subsection 
(a)(1) and a coverage percentage under subsection (a)(2) to be used to 
determine dairy risk management payments. This election shall remain in 
effect for the participating dairy operation for the duration of the 
dairy risk management program, as specified in section 1409.''.
          (2) Additional coverage level thresholds for certain 
        producers.--Section 1406(a)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
        (7 U.S.C. 9056(a)(1)) is amended by inserting after ``or 
        $8.00'' the following: ``(and in the case of production subject 
        to premiums under section 1407(b), also $8.50 or $9.00)''.
          (3) Election of production history coverage percentage.--
        Section 1406(a)(2) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
        9056(a)(2)) is amended by striking ``beginning with 25 percent 
        and not exceeding'' and inserting ``but not to exceed''.
  (h) Premiums for Participation in Dairy Risk Management Program.--
          (1) Premium per hundredweight for first 5 million pounds of 
        production.--Section 1407(b) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
        U.S.C. 9057(b)) is amended--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following new paragraph:
          ``(2) Producer premiums.--The following annual premiums 
        apply:

 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
             ``Coverage Level                     Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
$4.00                                       None
$4.50                                       $0.002
$5.00                                       $0.005
$5.50                                       $0.008
$6.00                                       $0.010
$6.50                                       $0.017
$7.00                                       $0.041
$7.50                                       $0.057
$8.00                                       $0.090
$8.50                                       $0.120
$9.00                                       $0.170''; and
------------------------------------------------------------------------


                ''; and  (B) by striking paragraph (3).
          (2) Technical correction.--Section 1407(d) of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057(d)) is amended in the 
        subsection heading by striking ``Time for'' and inserting 
        ``Method of''.
  (i) Conforming Amendments Related to Program Name.--
          (1) Heading.--The heading of part I of subtitle D of title I 
        of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79; 128 Stat. 
        688) is amended to read as follows:

     ``PART I--DAIRY RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAM FOR DAIRY PRODUCERS''.

          (2) Definitions.--Section 1401 of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014 (7 U.S.C. 9051) is amended--
                  (A) by striking paragraphs (5) and (6) and inserting 
                the following new paragraphs:
          ``(5) Dairy risk management program.--The terms `dairy risk 
        management program' and `program' mean the dairy risk 
        management program required by section 1403.
          ``(6) Dairy risk management payment.--The term `dairy risk 
        management payment' means a payment made to a participating 
        dairy operation under the program pursuant to section 1406.''; 
        and
                  (B) in paragraphs (7) and (8), by striking ``margin 
                protection'' both places it appears.
          (3) Calculation of actual dairy production margin.--Section 
        1402(b)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
        9052(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``margin protection'' and 
        inserting ``dairy risk management''.
          (4) Program operation.--Section 1403 of the Agricultural Act 
        of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9053) is amended--
                  (A) in the section heading, by striking 
                ``establishment of margin protection'' and inserting 
                ``dairy risk management'';
                  (B) by striking ``Not later than September 1, 2014, 
                the Secretary shall establish and administer a margin 
                protection program'' and inserting ``The Secretary 
                shall continue to administer a dairy risk management 
                program''; and
                  (C) by striking ``margin protection payment'' both 
                places it appears and inserting ``dairy risk management 
                payment''.
          (5) Participation.--Section 1404 of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054) is amended--
                  (A) in the section heading, by striking ``margin 
                protection'';
                  (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``margin 
                protection program to receive margin protection 
                payments'' and inserting ``dairy risk management 
                program to receive dairy risk management payments''; 
                and
                  (C) in subsections (b) and (c), by striking ``margin 
                protection'' each place it appears.
          (6) Production history.--Section 1405 of the Agricultural Act 
        of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055) is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (a)(1)--
                          (i) by striking ``margin protection program'' 
                        the first place it appears and inserting 
                        ``dairy risk management program''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``margin protection'' the 
                        second place it appears; and
                  (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``margin 
                protection''.
          (7) Payments.--Section 1406 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
        (7 U.S.C. 9056) is amended--
                  (A) in the section heading, by striking ``margin 
                protection'' and inserting ``dairy risk management'';
                  (B) by striking ``margin protection'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``dairy risk management''; and
                  (C) in the heading of subsection (c), by striking 
                ``Margin Protection''.
          (8) Premiums.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
        (7 U.S.C. 9057) is amended--
                  (A) in the section heading, by striking ``margin 
                protection'' and inserting ``dairy risk management'';
                  (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``margin 
                protection program'' and inserting ``dairy risk 
                management program''; and
                  (C) in subsection (e), by striking ``margin 
                protection'' both places it appears.
          (9) Penalties.--Section 1408 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
        (7 U.S.C. 9058) is amended by striking ``margin protection'' 
        both places it appears and inserting ``dairy risk management''.
          (10) Administration and enforcement.--Section 1410 of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9060) is amended by striking 
        ``margin protection'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``dairy risk management''.
  (j) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
  (k) Duration.--Section 1409 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9059) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``margin protection'' and inserting ``dairy 
        risk management''; and
          (2) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 1402. CLASS I SKIM MILK PRICE.

  (a) Class I Skim Milk Price.--Section 8c(5)(A) of the Agricultural 
Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(5)(A)), reenacted with amendments by the 
Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, is amended by striking 
``Throughout the 2-year period'' and all that follows through ``such 
handlers.'' and inserting the following new sentence: ``Throughout the 
2-year period beginning on the effective date of this sentence (and 
subsequent to such 2-year period unless modified by amendment to the 
order involved), for purposes of determining prices for milk of the 
highest use classification, the Class I skim milk price per 
hundredweight specified in section 1000.50(b) of title 7, Code of 
Federal Regulations (or successor regulation), shall be the sum of the 
adjusted Class I differential specified in section 1000.52 of such 
title 7, plus the adjustment to Class I prices specified in sections 
1005.51(b), 1006.51(b), and 1007.51(b) of such title 7 (or successor 
regulation), plus the simple average of the advanced pricing factors 
computed in sections 1000.50(q)(1) and 1000.50(q)(2) of such title 7 
(or successor regulation), plus $0.74.''.
  (b) Effective Date and Implementation.--
          (1) Effective date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
        shall take effect on the first day of the first month beginning 
        more than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
          (2) Implementation.--Implementation of the amendment made by 
        subsection (a) is not subject to any of the following:
                  (A) The notice and comment provisions of section 553 
                of title 5, United States Code.
                  (B) The notice and hearing requirements of paragraphs 
                (3) and (4) of section 8c of the Agricultural 
                Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c), reenacted with 
                amendments by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act 
                of 1937.
                  (C) The order amendment requirements of section 
                8c(17) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(17)).
                  (D) A referendum under section 8c(19) of such Act (7 
                U.S.C. 608c(19)).

SEC. 1403. EXTENSION OF DAIRY FORWARD PRICING PROGRAM.

  Section 1502(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8772(e)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2021'' and inserting 
        ``2026''.

SEC. 1404. EXTENSION OF DAIRY INDEMNITY PROGRAM.

  Section 3 of Public Law 90-484 (7 U.S.C. 450l) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 1405. EXTENSION OF DAIRY PROMOTION AND RESEARCH PROGRAM.

  Section 113(e)(2) of the Dairy Production Stabilization Act of 1983 
(7 U.S.C. 4504(e)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 1406. REPEAL OF DAIRY PRODUCT DONATION PROGRAM.

  Section 1431 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9071) is 
repealed.

   Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs

SEC. 1501. MODIFICATION OF SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DISASTER 
                    ASSISTANCE.

  (a) Covered Livestock Losses for Livestock Indemnity Payments.--
Section 1501(b) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(b)) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by striking ``or'' at the end of subparagraph 
                (A);
                  (B) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph 
                (B) and inserting ``; or''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                  ``(C) disease that, as determined by the Secretary--
                          ``(i) is caused or transmitted by a vector; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) is not susceptible to control by 
                        vaccination or acceptable management 
                        practices.''; and
          (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``A payment'' and inserting 
        ``Payment reductions.--A payment''.
  (b) Payment Limitations and Exclusion of Gross Income Limitation.--
Section 1501(f) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(f)) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by striking ``this section (excluding payments 
                received under subsections (b) and (e))'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (c)''; and
                  (B) by striking ``joint venture or general 
                partnership'' and inserting ``qualified pass through 
                entity (as such term is defined in paragraph (5) of 
                section 1001(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
                U.S.C. 1308(a)))''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(4) Exclusion of gross income limitation.--For purposes of 
        this section only, subsection (b) of section 1001D of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a) shall not apply to a 
        person or legal entity if 75 percent or greater of the average 
        adjusted gross income (as such term is defined in subsection 
        (a) of such section) of such person or legal entity derives 
        from farming, ranching, or silviculture activities.''.
  (c) Application of Amendments.--Section 1501 of the Agricultural Act 
of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081), as amended by this section, shall apply with 
respect to losses described in such section 1501 incurred on or after 
January 1, 2017.

                       Subtitle F--Administration

SEC. 1601. ADMINISTRATION GENERALLY.

  (a) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation.--The Secretary shall use the 
funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit Corporation 
to carry out this title.
  (b) Determinations by Secretary.--A determination made by the 
Secretary under this title shall be final and conclusive.
  (c) Regulations.--
          (1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
        subsection, not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
        of this Act, the Secretary and the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, as appropriate, shall promulgate such regulations 
        as are necessary to implement this title and the amendments 
        made by this title.
          (2) Procedure.--The promulgation of the regulations and 
        administration of this title and the amendments made by this 
        title shall be made without regard to--
                  (A) the notice and comment provisions of section 553 
                of title 5, United States Code; and
                  (B) chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code 
                (commonly known as the ``Paperwork Reduction Act'').
          (3) Congressional review of agency rulemaking.--In carrying 
        out this subsection, the Secretary shall use the authority 
        provided under section 808 of title 5, United States Code.
  (d) Adjustment Authority Related to Trade Agreements Compliance.--
          (1) Required determination; adjustment.--If the Secretary 
        determines that expenditures under this title that are subject 
        to the total allowable domestic support levels under the 
        Uruguay Round Agreements (as defined in section 2 of the 
        Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3501)) will exceed such 
        allowable levels for any applicable reporting period, the 
        Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, make 
        adjustments in the amount of such expenditures during that 
        period to ensure that such expenditures do not exceed the 
        allowable levels.
          (2) Congressional notification.--Before making any adjustment 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
        the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
        Senate a report describing the determination made under that 
        paragraph and the extent of the adjustment to be made.

SEC. 1602. SUSPENSION OF PERMANENT PRICE SUPPORT AUTHORITY.

  (a) Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938.--The following provisions of 
the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 shall not be applicable to the 
2019 through 2023 crops of covered commodities (as defined in section 
1111), cotton, and sugar and shall not be applicable to milk during the 
period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act through December 
31, 2023:
          (1) Parts II through V of subtitle B of title III (7 U.S.C. 
        1326 et seq.).
          (2) In the case of upland cotton, section 377 (7 U.S.C. 
        1377).
          (3) Subtitle D of title III (7 U.S.C. 1379a et seq.).
          (4) Title IV (7 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.).
  (b) Agricultural Act of 1949.--
          (1) Applicability.--The following provisions of the 
        Agricultural Act of 1949 shall not be applicable to the 2019 
        through 2023 crops of covered commodities (as defined in 
        section 1111), cotton, and sugar and shall not be applicable to 
        milk during the period beginning on the date of enactment of 
        this Act through December 31, 2023:
                  (A) Section 101 (7 U.S.C. 1441).
                  (B) Section 103(a) (7 U.S.C. 1444(a)).
                  (C) Section 105 (7 U.S.C. 1444b).
                  (D) Section 107 (7 U.S.C. 1445a).
                  (E) Section 110 (7 U.S.C. 1445e).
                  (F) Section 112 (7 U.S.C. 1445g).
                  (G) Section 115 (7 U.S.C. 1445k).
                  (H) Section 201 (7 U.S.C. 1446).
                  (I) Title III (7 U.S.C. 1447 et seq.).
                  (J) Title IV (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.), other than 
                sections 404, 412, and 416 (7 U.S.C. 1424, 1429, and 
                1431).
                  (K) Title V (7 U.S.C. 1461 et seq.).
                  (L) Title VI (7 U.S.C. 1471 et seq.).
          (2) Clarifying amendments.--Section 201(a) of the 
        Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1446(a)) is amended--
                  (A) by inserting ``, crambe, cottonseed, sesame 
                seed'' after ``mustard seed'';
                  (B) by inserting ``dry peas, lentils, small 
                chickpeas, large chickpeas, graded wool, nongraded 
                wool, mohair, peanuts,'' after ``honey,''; and
                  (C) by striking ``in accordance with this title'' and 
                inserting ``consistent with the percentage levels of 
                support provided under subsection (c), except as 
                otherwise provided for under subsection (b)''.
  (c) Suspension of Certain Quota Provisions.--The joint resolution 
entitled ``A joint resolution relating to corn and wheat marketing 
quotas under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended'', 
approved May 26, 1941 (7 U.S.C. 1330 and 1340), shall not be applicable 
to the crops of wheat planted for harvest in the calendar years 2019 
through 2023.

SEC. 1603. PAYMENT LIMITATIONS.

  (a) In General.--Section 1001 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
U.S.C. 1308) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``section 1001 of 
                the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' and 
                inserting ``section 1111 of the Agriculture and 
                Nutrition Act of 2018'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``first cousin, 
                niece, nephew,'' after ``sibling,'';
                  (C) by redesignating paragraph (5) as (6); and
                  (D) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following 
                new paragraph:
          ``(5) Qualified pass through entity.--The term `qualified 
        pass through entity' means a partnership (within the meaning of 
        subchapter K of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 
        and including a limited liability company that does not 
        affirmatively elect to be treated as a corporation), an S 
        corporation (as defined in section 1361 of such Code), or a 
        joint venture.'';
          (2) in subsections (b) and (c) by striking ``entity'' through 
        ``Agricultural Act of 2014'' in each place it appears and 
        inserting ``entity (except a qualified pass through entity) for 
        any crop year under sections 1116 and 1117 of the Agriculture 
        and Nutrition Act of 2018'';
          (3) in subsection (d) by striking ``associated'' and all that 
        follows through the end of the sentence and inserting 
        ``associated with subtitle B of title I of the Agriculture and 
        Nutrition Act of 2018.''; and
          (4) in subsection (f), by adding the end the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(9) Administration of reduction.--The Secretary shall apply 
        any order described in section 1614(d)(1) of the Agricultural 
        Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(d)(1)) to payments under sections 
        1116 and 1117 of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018 
        prior to applying payment limitations under this section.''.
  (b) Treatment of Qualified Pass Through Entities.--Section 
1001(e)(3)(B)(ii) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 
1308(e)(3)(B)(ii)) is amended--
          (1) in the heading, by striking ``joint ventures and general 
        partnerships'' and inserting ``qualified pass through 
        entities'';
          (2) by striking ``joint venture or a general partnership'' 
        and inserting ``qualified pass through entity'';
          (3) by striking ``joint ventures and general partnerships'' 
        and inserting ``qualified pass through entities''; and
          (4) by striking ``joint venture or general partnership'' and 
        inserting ``qualified pass through entity''.
  (c) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Treatment of federal agencies and state and local 
        governments.--Section 1001(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (7 U.S.C. 1308(f)) is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (5)(A), by striking ``or title XII'' 
                and inserting ``title I of the Agriculture and 
                Nutrition Act of 2018, or title XII''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (6)(A), by striking ``or title XII'' 
                and inserting ``title I of the Agriculture and 
                Nutrition Act of 2018, or title XII''.
          (2) Foreign persons ineligible.--Section 1001C(a) of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3(a)) is amended by 
        inserting ``title I of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 
        2018,'' after ``2014,''.
  (d) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
beginning with the 2019 crop year.

SEC. 1604. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME LIMITATION.

  (a) Limitations.--Section 1001D(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)(2)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``title I of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014'' and inserting ``title I of the 
        Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018'';
          (2) in subparagraph (C)--
                  (A) by inserting ``title II of the Agriculture and 
                Nutrition Act of 2018,'' after ``under''; and
                  (B) by striking ``Starting with fiscal year 2015, a'' 
                and inserting ``A'';
          (3) by striking subparagraphs (B) and (D); and
          (4) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and (E) as 
        subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively.
  (b) Exceptions.--
          (1) In general.--Section 1001D(b) of the Food Security Act of 
        1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:
          ``(3) Exceptions.--
                  ``(A) Exception for qualified pass through 
                entities.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect 
                to a qualified pass through entity (as such term is 
                defined in section 1001(a)(5)).
                  ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the limitation 
                established by paragraph (1) with respect to a payment 
                pursuant to a covered benefit described in paragraph 
                (2)(B), on a case-by-case basis, if the Secretary 
                determines that environmentally sensitive land of 
                special significance would be protected as a result of 
                such waiver.''.
          (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 1001D of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a) is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting ``subject to 
                paragraph (3),'' after ``of law,''; and
                  (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``, general 
                partnership, or joint venture'' both places it appears.
  (c) Transition.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
U.S.C. 1308-3a), as in effect on the day before the date of the 
enactment of this Act, shall apply with respect to the 2018 crop, 
fiscal, or program year, as appropriate, for each program described in 
subsection (b)(2) of that section (as so in effect on that day).

SEC. 1605. PREVENTION OF DECEASED INDIVIDUALS RECEIVING PAYMENTS UNDER 
                    FARM COMMODITY PROGRAMS.

  (a) Reconciliation.--At least twice each year, the Secretary shall 
reconcile Social Security numbers of all individuals who receive 
payments under this title, whether directly or indirectly, with the 
Commissioner of Social Security to determine if the individuals are 
alive.
  (b) Preclusion.--The Secretary shall preclude the issuance of 
payments to, and on behalf of, deceased individuals that were not 
eligible for payments.

SEC. 1606. ASSIGNMENT OF PAYMENTS.

   (a) In General.--The provisions of section 8(g) of the Soil 
Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(g)), relating 
to assignment of payments, shall apply to payments made under this 
title.
  (b) Notice.--The producer making the assignment, or the assignee, 
shall provide the Secretary with notice, in such manner as the 
Secretary may require, of any assignment made under this section.

SEC. 1607. TRACKING OF BENEFITS.

  As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary may track the benefits provided, directly or indirectly, to 
individuals and entities under titles I and II and the amendments made 
by those titles.

SEC. 1608. SIGNATURE AUTHORITY.

  (a) In General.--In carrying out this title and title II and 
amendments made by those titles, if the Secretary approves a document, 
the Secretary shall not subsequently determine the document is 
inadequate or invalid because of the lack of authority of any person 
signing the document on behalf of the applicant or any other 
individual, entity, or qualified pass through entity (as such term is 
defined in paragraph (5) of section 1001(a) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(a))) or the documents relied upon were determined 
inadequate or invalid, unless the person signing the program document 
knowingly and willfully falsified the evidence of signature authority 
or a signature.
  (b) Affirmation.--
          (1) In general.--Nothing in this section prohibits the 
        Secretary from asking a proper party to affirm any document 
        that otherwise would be considered approved under subsection 
        (a).
          (2) No retroactive effect.--A denial of benefits based on a 
        lack of affirmation under paragraph (1) shall not be 
        retroactive with respect to third-party producers who were not 
        the subject of the erroneous representation of authority, if 
        the third-party producers--
                  (A) relied on the prior approval by the Secretary of 
                the documents in good faith; and
                  (B) substantively complied with all program 
                requirements.

SEC. 1609. PERSONAL LIABILITY OF PRODUCERS FOR DEFICIENCIES.

   Section 164(a) of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7284(a)) is amended by striking ``this title'' and 
all that follows through ``unless'' and inserting ``this title, title I 
of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, title I of the 
Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702 et seq.), 
title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014, or Agriculture and Nutrition 
Act of 2018''.

SEC. 1610. IMPLEMENTATION.

  (a) Maintenance of Base Acres and Payment Yields.--The Secretary 
shall maintain, for each covered commodity, base acres and payment 
yields on a farm established under sections 1001 and 1301 of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702, 8751), as adjusted 
pursuant to sections 1101, 1102, 1108, and 1302 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
8711, 8712, 8718, 8752), as in effect on September 30, 2013, and as 
adjusted pursuant to sections 1112 and 1113 of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9012, 9013).
  (b) Streamlining.--In implementing this title and amendments made by 
this title, the Secretary shall--
          (1) continue to reduce administrative burdens and costs to 
        producers by streamlining and reducing paperwork, forms, and 
        other administrative requirements, including through the 
        continuation of the Acreage Crop Reporting and Streamlining 
        Initiative that, in part, shall ensure that--
                  (A) a producer (or an agent of a producer) may report 
                information, electronically (including geospatial data) 
                or conventionally, to the Department;
                  (B) upon the request of the producer (or agent 
                thereof), the Department of Agriculture electronically 
                shares with the producer (or agent) in real time and 
                without cost to the producer (or agent) the common land 
                unit data, related farm level data, and other 
                information of the producer; and
                  (C) no agent, approved insurance provider, or 
                employee or contractor of an agency or approved 
                insurance provider, bears responsibility or liability 
                under the Acreage Crop Reporting and Streamlining 
                Initiative for the eligibility of a producer for 
                programs administered by the Department of Agriculture 
                that are not policies or plans of insurance offered 
                under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et. 
                seq.) except in cases of misrepresentation, fraud, or 
                scheme and device;
          (2) continue to improve coordination, information sharing, 
        and administrative work with the Farm Service Agency, Risk 
        Management Agency, and the Natural Resources Conservation 
        Service;
          (3) continue to take advantage of new technologies to enhance 
        efficiency and effectiveness of program delivery to producers; 
        and
          (4) reduce administrative burdens on producers by offering 
        such producers an option to remotely and electronically sign 
        annual contracts for participation in coverage under sections 
        1116 and 1117.
  (c) Implementation.--The Secretary shall make available to the Farm 
Service Agency to carry out this title and amendments made by this 
title, $25,000,000.
  (d) Loan Implementation.--
          (1) In general.--Section 1614(d)(1) of the Agricultural Act 
        of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(d)(1)) is amended--
                  (A) by inserting ``or subtitles B and C of the 
                Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018'' after ``this 
                title'';
                  (B) by striking ``made by subtitles B or C'' and 
                inserting ``made by such subtitles''; and
                  (C) by inserting ``of this title, and sections 
                1207(c) and 1208 of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act 
                of 2018'' after ``1208''.
          (2) Repayment.--Section 1614(d)(2) of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(d)(2)) is amended--
                  (A) by striking ``of subtitles B or C'' and inserting 
                ``of subtitle B or C of this title, or subtitle B or C 
                of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018''; and
                  (B) by striking ``under subtitles B or C'' and 
                inserting ``of subtitle B or C of this title, or 
                subtitle B or C of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 
                2018''.

SEC. 1611. EXEMPTION FROM CERTAIN REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN 
                    PRODUCERS.

  (a) Definition of Exempted Producer.--In this section, the term 
``exempted producer'' means a producer or landowner eligible to 
participate in any conservation or commodity program administered by 
the Secretary.
  (b) Exemption.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, including 
the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Public 
Law 109-282; 31 U.S.C. 6101 note), the requirements of parts 25 and 170 
of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations (and any successor 
regulations), shall not apply with respect to assistance received by an 
exempted producer from the Secretary, acting through the Natural 
Resources Conservation Service or the Farm Service Agency.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                    Subtitle A--Wetland Conservation

SEC. 2101. PROGRAM INELIGIBILITY.

  Section 1221(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3821(d)) 
is amended--
          (1) by striking ``Except as provided'' and inserting the 
        following:
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(B) Duty of the secretary.--Before determining that 
                a person is ineligible for program benefits under this 
                subsection, the Secretary shall determine that no 
                exemption under section 1222 applies.''.

SEC. 2102. MINIMAL EFFECT REGULATIONS.

  (a) Identification of Minimal Effect Exemptions.--Section 1222(d) of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3822(d)) is amended by 
inserting ``not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the 
Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018,'' before ``the Secretary shall 
identify''.
  (b) Mitigation Banking.--Section 1222(k)(1)(B) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3822(k)(1)(B)) is amended to read as follows:
                  ``(B) Funding.--
                          ``(i) Funds of commodity credit 
                        corporation.--To carry out this paragraph, the 
                        Secretary shall use $10,000,000 of the funds of 
                        the Commodity Credit Corporation beginning in 
                        fiscal year 2019, which funds shall remain 
                        available until expended.
                          ``(ii) Authorization of appropriations.--In 
                        addition to amounts made available under clause 
                        (i), there are authorized to be appropriated to 
                        the Secretary to carry out this paragraph 
                        $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
                        through 2023.''.

                Subtitle B--Conservation Reserve Program

SEC. 2201. CONSERVATION RESERVE.

  (a) In General.--Section 1231(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3831(a)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
  (b) Enrollment.--Section 1231(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3831(d)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(F) fiscal year 2019, no more than 25,000,000 
                acres;
                  ``(G) fiscal year 2020, no more than 26,000,000 
                acres;
                  ``(H) fiscal year 2021, no more than 27,000,000 
                acres;
                  ``(I) fiscal year 2022, no more than 28,000,000 
                acres; and
                  ``(J) fiscal year 2023, no more than 29,000,000 
                acres.'';
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
                  ``(A) Limitation.--For purposes of applying the 
                limitations in paragraph (1)--
                          ``(i) no more than 2,000,000 acres of the 
                        land described in subsection (b)(3) may be 
                        enrolled in the program at any one time during 
                        the 2014 through 2018 fiscal years;
                          ``(ii) the Secretary shall enroll and 
                        maintain in the conservation reserve not fewer 
                        than 3,000,000 acres of the land described in 
                        subsection (b)(3) by September 30, 2023; and
                          ``(iii) in carrying out clause (ii), to the 
                        maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall 
                        maintain in the conservation reserve at any one 
                        time during--
                                  ``(I) fiscal year 2019, 1,000,000 
                                acres;
                                  ``(II) fiscal year 2020, 1,500,000 
                                acres;
                                  ``(III) fiscal year 2021, 2,000,000 
                                acres;
                                  ``(IV) fiscal year 2022, 2,500,000 
                                acres; and
                                  ``(V) fiscal year 2023, 3,000,000 
                                acres.''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) Reservation of unenrolled acres.--If the 
                Secretary is unable in a fiscal year to enroll enough 
                acres of land described in subsection (b)(3) to meet 
                the number of acres described in clause (ii) or (iii) 
                of subparagraph (A) for the fiscal year, the Secretary 
                shall reserve the remaining number of acres for that 
                fiscal year for the enrollment of land described in 
                subsection (b)(3), and that number of acres shall not 
                be available for the enrollment of any other type of 
                eligible land.''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) State enrollment rates.--During each of fiscal years 
        2019 through 2023, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
        Secretary shall carry out this subchapter in such a manner as 
        to enroll and maintain acreage in the conservation reserve in 
        accordance with historical State enrollment rates, 
        considering--
                  ``(A) the average number of acres of all lands 
                enrolled in the conservation reserve in each State 
                during each of fiscal years 2007 through 2016;
                  ``(B) the average number of acres of all lands 
                enrolled in the conservation reserve nationally during 
                each of fiscal years 2007 through 2016; and
                  ``(C) the acres available for enrollment during each 
                of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, excluding acres 
                described in paragraph (2).
          ``(4) Frequency.--In carrying out this subchapter, for 
        contracts that are not available on a continuous enrollment 
        basis, the Secretary shall hold a signup not less often than 
        once every other year.''.
  (c) Duration of Contract.--Section 1231(e) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(e)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(e) Duration of Contract.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), for 
        the purpose of carrying out this subchapter, the Secretary 
        shall enter into contracts of not less than 10, nor more than 
        15, years.
          ``(2) Certain continuous contracts.--With respect to 
        contracts under this subchapter for the enrollment of land 
        described in paragraph (4) or (5) of subsection (b), the 
        Secretary shall enter into contracts of a period of 15 or 30 
        years.''.
  (d) Eligibility for Consideration.--Section 1231(h) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(h)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``On the expiration'' and inserting the 
        following:
          ``(1) In general.--On the expiration''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) Reenrollment limitation for certain land.--Land subject 
        to a contract entered into under this subchapter shall be 
        eligible for only one reenrollment in the conservation reserve 
        under paragraph (1) if the land is devoted to hardwood 
        trees.''.

SEC. 2202. FARMABLE WETLAND PROGRAM.

  (a) Program Required.--Section 1231B(a)(1) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.
  (b) Eligible Acreage.--Section 1231B(b)(2) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(b)(2)) is amended to read as follows:
          ``(2) Buffer acreage.--Subject to subsections (c) and (d), an 
        owner or operator may enroll in the conservation reserve, 
        pursuant to the program established under this section, buffer 
        acreage that, with respect to land described in subparagraph 
        (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1)--
                  ``(A) is contiguous to such land;
                  ``(B) is used to protect such land; and
                  ``(C) is of such width as the Secretary determines is 
                necessary to protect such land, taking into 
                consideration and accommodating the farming practices 
                (including the straightening of boundaries to 
                accommodate machinery) used with respect to the 
                cropland that surrounds such land.''.
  (c) Program Limitations.--Section 1231B(c) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(c)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``750,000'' and 
        inserting ``500,000'';
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Subject to paragraph (3), 
        any acreage'' and inserting ``Any acreage''; and
          (3) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4).
  (d) Duties of Owners and Operators.--Section 1231B(e) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(e)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2), by striking the semicolon and inserting 
        ``; and'';
          (2) by striking paragraph (3); and
          (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).
  (e) Duties of the Secretary.--Section 1231B(f) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(f)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraphs (2) and (3)'' 
        and inserting ``paragraph (2)'';
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``section 
        1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)'' and inserting ``section 1234(d)(2)(A)''; 
        and
          (3) by striking paragraph (3).

SEC. 2203. DUTIES OF OWNERS AND OPERATORS.

  (a) In General.--Section 1232(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3832(a)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``, which may include the 
        use of grazing in accordance with paragraph (8),'' after 
        ``management on the land''; and
          (2) by redesignating paragraphs (10) and (11) as paragraphs 
        (11) and (12), respectively, and inserting after paragraph (9) 
        the following:
          ``(10) on land devoted to hardwood or other trees, excluding 
        windbreaks and shelterbelts, to carry out proper thinning and 
        other practices to improve the condition of resources, promote 
        forest management, and enhance wildlife habitat on the land;''.
  (b) Conservation Plans.--Section 1232(b)(2) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3832(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``, if any,''.

SEC. 2204. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

  (a) Cost-Share and Rental Payments.--Section 1233(a)(2) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833(a)(2)) is amended by striking 
``pay an annual rental payment in an amount necessary to compensate 
for'' and inserting ``pay an annual rental payment, in accordance with 
section 1234(d), for''.
  (b) Specified Activities Permitted.--Section 1233(b) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``not less than 25 percent'' 
                        and inserting ``25 percent''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``(except that vegetative 
                        cover may not be harvested for seed)'' after 
                        ``managed harvesting'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``is at least 
                every 5 but not more than once every 3 years;'' and 
                inserting ``contributes to the health and vigor of the 
                established cover, and is not more than once every 3 
                years; and''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) shall ensure that 25 percent of the acres 
                covered by the contract are not harvested, in 
                accordance with an approved plan that provides for 
                wildlife cover and shelter;'';
          (2) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``not less than 25 percent'' and inserting 
                ``25 percent''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        striking ``routine grazing, except that in 
                        permitting such routine grazing'' and inserting 
                        ``grazing, except that in permitting such 
                        grazing'';
                          (ii) in clause (i), by striking ``continued 
                        routine grazing; and'' and inserting 
                        ``grazing;'';
                          (iii) in clause (ii)--
                                  (I) in the matter preceding subclause 
                                (I), by striking ``routine grazing may 
                                be conducted, such that the frequency 
                                is not more than once every 2 years'' 
                                and inserting ``grazing may be 
                                conducted, such that the frequency 
                                contributes to the health and vigor of 
                                the established cover'';
                                  (II) in subclause (II), by striking 
                                ``the number of years that should be 
                                required between routine'' and 
                                inserting ``the appropriate frequency 
                                and duration of''; and
                                  (III) in subclause (III), by striking 
                                ``routine'' each place it appears; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iii) shall ensure that the grazing is 
                        conducted in accordance with an approved plan 
                        that does not restrict grazing during the 
                        primary nesting season and will reduce the 
                        stocking rate determined under clause (i) by 50 
                        percent; and'';
          (3) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (5) 
        and (6), respectively;
          (4) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
          ``(4) grazing during the applicable normal grazing period 
        determined under subclause (I) of section 1501(c)(3)(D)(i) of 
        the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(c)(3)(D)(i)), 
        without any restriction on grazing during the primary nesting 
        period, subject to the condition that the grazing shall be at 
        50 percent of the normal carrying capacity determined under 
        that subclause.'';
          (5) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by striking ``; 
        and'' and inserting ``and retains suitable vegetative structure 
        for wildlife cover and shelter;'';
          (6) in paragraph (6)(C), as so redesignated, by striking the 
        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
          (7) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(7) grazing pursuant to section 1232(a)(5), without any 
        reduction in the rental rate, if the grazing is consistent with 
        the conservation of soil, water quality, and wildlife 
        habitat.''.
  (c) Natural Disaster or Adverse Weather as Mid-contract Management.--
Section 1233 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(e) Natural Disaster or Adverse Weather as Mid-contract 
Management.--In the case of a natural disaster or adverse weather event 
that has the effect of a management practice consistent with the 
conservation plan, the Secretary shall not require further management 
practices pursuant to section 1232(a)(5) that are intended to achieve 
the same effect.''.

SEC. 2205. PAYMENTS.

  (a) Cost Sharing Payments.--Section 1234(b) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``50 percent'' and 
        inserting ``not more than 40 percent'';
          (2) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
          ``(2) Limitations.--
                  ``(A) Exception for seed costs.--In the case of seed 
                costs related to the establishment of cover, cost share 
                shall not exceed 25 percent of the total cost of the 
                seed mixture.
                  ``(B) Additional incentive payments.--Except as 
                provided in subsection (c), the Secretary may not make 
                additional incentive payments beyond the actual cost of 
                installing measures and practices described in 
                paragraph (1).
                  ``(C) Mid-contract management grazing.--The Secretary 
                may not make any cost sharing payment to an owner or 
                operator under this subchapter pursuant to section 
                1232(a)(5).''; and
          (3) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4) and redesignating 
        paragraph (5) as paragraph (3).
  (b) Incentive Payments.--Section 1234(c) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(c)) is amended--
          (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Incentive'' and 
        inserting ``Forest Management Payment'';
          (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``Using funds made available under section 
        1241(a)(1)(A), the Secretary''; and
          (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``150 percent'' and 
        inserting ``100 percent''.
  (c) Annual Rental Payments.--Section 1234(d) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(d)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by striking ``less intensive use, the Secretary 
                may consider'' and inserting the following: ``less 
                intensive use--
                  ``(A) the Secretary may consider'';
                  (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(B) the Secretary shall consider the impact on the 
                local farmland rental market.'';
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
                  ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) Initial enrollment.--The amounts 
                        payable to an owner or operator in the form of 
                        annual rental payments under a contract entered 
                        into under this subchapter with respect to land 
                        that has not previously been subject to such a 
                        contract shall be not more than 80 percent of 
                        the applicable estimated average county rental 
                        rate published pursuant to paragraph (4) for 
                        the year in which the contract is entered into.
                          ``(ii) Multiple enrollments.--If land subject 
                        to a contract entered into under this 
                        subchapter is reenrolled in the conservation 
                        reserve under section 1231(h)(1)--
                                  ``(I) for the first such 
                                reenrollment, the annual rental payment 
                                shall be in an amount that is not more 
                                than 65 percent of the applicable 
                                estimated average county rental rate 
                                published pursuant to paragraph (4) for 
                                the year in which the reenrollment 
                                occurs;
                                  ``(II) for the second such 
                                reenrollment, the annual rental payment 
                                shall be in an amount that is not more 
                                than 55 percent of the applicable 
                                estimated average county rental rate 
                                published pursuant to paragraph (4) for 
                                the year in which the reenrollment 
                                occurs;
                                  ``(III) for the third such 
                                reenrollment, the annual rental payment 
                                shall be in an amount that is not more 
                                than 45 percent of the applicable 
                                estimated average county rental rate 
                                published pursuant to paragraph (4) for 
                                the year in which the reenrollment 
                                occurs; and
                                  ``(IV) for the fourth such 
                                reenrollment, the annual rental payment 
                                shall be in an amount that is not more 
                                than 35 percent of the applicable 
                                estimated average county rental rate 
                                published pursuant to paragraph (4) for 
                                the year in which the reenrollment 
                                occurs.''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``In the case'' 
                and inserting ``Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), in 
                the case'';
          (3) by striking paragraph (4) and redesignating paragraph (5) 
        as paragraph (4); and
          (4) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated--
                  (A) by striking ``cash'' each place it appears;
                  (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``, not less frequently than 
                        once every other year,'' and inserting 
                        ``annually''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``, and shall publish the 
                        estimates derived from such survey not later 
                        than September 15 of each year'' before the 
                        period at the end; and
                  (C) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) by striking ``may'' and inserting 
                        ``shall''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``as a factor in 
                        determining'' and inserting ``to determine''.
  (d) Payment Limitation for Rental Payments.--Section 1234(g)(2) of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(g)(2)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) Limitation on payments.--Payments under 
                subparagraph (B) shall not exceed 50 percent of the 
                cost of activities carried out under the applicable 
                agreement entered into under such subparagraph.''.

SEC. 2206. CONTRACTS.

  (a) Early Termination by Owner or Operator.--Section 1235(e)(1)(A) of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(e)(1)(A)) is amended by 
striking ``2015'' and inserting ``2019''.
  (b) Transition Option for Certain Farmers or Ranchers.--Section 
1235(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(f)) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
                  ``(A) beginning on the date that is 1 year before the 
                date of termination of the contract, allow the covered 
                farmer or rancher, in conjunction with the retired or 
                retiring owner or operator, to make conservation and 
                land improvements, including preparing to plant an 
                agricultural crop;'';
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (E) as 
                subparagraphs (C) through (F), respectively, and 
                inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
                  ``(B) beginning on the date that is 3 years before 
                the date of termination of the contract, allow the 
                covered farmer or rancher to begin the certification 
                process under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 
                (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.);'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (D), as so redesignated, by 
                inserting ``, and provide to such farmer or rancher 
                technical and financial assistance to carry out the 
                requirements of the plan, if any'' before the semicolon 
                at the end; and
                  (D) in subparagraph (E), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``the conservation stewardship program or''; 
                and
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``To the 
                extent the maximum number of acres permitted to be 
                enrolled under the program has not been met, the 
                Secretary''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``eligible for 
                enrollment under the continuous signup option pursuant 
                to section 1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)'' and inserting ``is 
                carried out on land described in paragraph (4) or (5) 
                of section 1231(b)''.
  (c) End of Contract Considerations.--Section 1235(g) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(g)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(g) End of Contract Considerations.--The Secretary shall not 
consider an owner or operator to be in violation of a term or condition 
of the conservation reserve contract if--
          ``(1) during the year prior to expiration of the contract, 
        the owner or operator--
                  ``(A) enters into an environmental quality incentives 
                program contract; and
                  ``(B) begins the establishment of an environmental 
                quality incentives practice; or
          ``(2) during the three years prior to the expiration of the 
        contract, the owner or operator begins the certification 
        process under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990.''.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

SEC. 2301. DEFINITIONS.

  (a) Practice.--Section 1240A(4)(B) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3839aa-1(4)(B)) is amended--
          (1) in clause (i), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon; and
          (2) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iv) and inserting 
        after clause (i) the following:
                          ``(ii) precision conservation management 
                        planning;
                          ``(iii) the use of cover crops and resource 
                        conserving crop rotations; and''.
  (b) Priority Resource Concern.--Section 1240A of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-1) is amended by redesignating paragraph 
(5) as paragraph (6) and inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
          ``(5) Priority resource concern.--The term `priority resource 
        concern' means a natural resource concern or problem, as 
        determined by the Secretary, that--
                  ``(A) is identified at the national, State, or local 
                level as a priority for a particular area of a State; 
                and
                  ``(B) represents a significant concern in a State or 
                region.''.
  (c) Stewardship Practice.--Section 1240A of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-1) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
          ``(7) Stewardship practice.--The term `stewardship practice' 
        means a practice or set of practices approved by the Secretary 
        that, when implemented and maintained on eligible land, address 
        1 or more priority resource concerns.''.

SEC. 2302. ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION.

  (a) Establishment.--Section 1240B(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(a)) is amended by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
``2023''.
  (b) Allocation of Funding.--Section 1240B(f) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(f)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(f) Allocation of Funding.--For each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2023, at least 5 percent of the funds made available for payments under 
the program shall be targeted at practices benefitting wildlife habitat 
under subsection (g).''.
  (c) Water Conservation or Irrigation Efficiency Practice.--Section 
1240B(h) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(h)) is 
amended--
          (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
          ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary may provide 
        water conservation and system efficiency payments under this 
        subsection to a producer for--
                  ``(A) a water conservation scheduling technology or 
                water conservation scheduling management;
                  ``(B) irrigation-related structural practices; or
                  ``(C) a transition to water-conserving crops or 
                water-conserving crop rotations.'';
          (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3) and 
        inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) Limited eligibility of irrigation districts, irrigation 
        associations, and acequias.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding section 
                1001(f)(6), the Secretary may enter into a contract 
                under this subsection with an irrigation district, 
                irrigation association, or acequia to implement water 
                conservation or irrigation practices pursuant to a 
                watershed-wide project that will effectively conserve 
                water, as determined by the Secretary.
                  ``(B) Implementation.--Water conservation or 
                irrigation practices that are the subject of a contract 
                entered into under this paragraph shall be implemented 
                on--
                          ``(i) eligible land of a producer; or
                          ``(ii) land that is under the control of the 
                        irrigation district, irrigation association, or 
                        acequia, and adjacent to such eligible land, as 
                        determined by the Secretary.
                  ``(C) Waiver authority.--The Secretary may waive the 
                applicability of the limitations in section 1001D(b)(2) 
                or section 1240G of this Act for a payment made under a 
                contract entered into under this paragraph if the 
                Secretary determines that such a waiver is necessary to 
                fulfill the objectives of the project.
                  ``(D) Contract limitations.--If the Secretary grants 
                a waiver under subparagraph (C), the Secretary may 
                impose a separate payment limitation for the contract 
                with respect to which the waiver applies.''; and
          (3) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``to a producer'' and inserting ``under this 
                subsection'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the eligible 
                land of the producer is located, there is a reduction 
                in water use in the operation of the producer'' and 
                inserting ``the land on which the practices will be 
                implemented is located, there is a reduction in water 
                use in the operation on such land''; and
                  (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``with respect 
                to an application under paragraph (1),'' before ``the 
                producer agrees''.
  (d) Stewardship Contracts.--Section 1240B of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
  ``(j) Stewardship Contracts.--
          ``(1) Identification of eligible priority resource concerns 
        for states.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation 
                with the State technical committee, shall identify 
                priority resource concerns within a State that are 
                eligible to be the subject of a stewardship contract 
                under this subsection.
                  ``(B) Limitation.--The Secretary shall identify not 
                more than 3 eligible priority resource concerns under 
                subparagraph (A) within each area of a State.
          ``(2) Contracts.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into 
                contracts with producers under this subsection that--
                          ``(i) provide incentives, through annual 
                        payments, to producers to attain increased 
                        conservation stewardship on eligible land;
                          ``(ii) adopt and install a stewardship 
                        practice to effectively address a priority 
                        resource concern identified as eligible under 
                        paragraph (1); and
                          ``(iii) require management and maintenance of 
                        such stewardship practice for the term of the 
                        contract.
                  ``(B) Term.--A contract under this subsection shall 
                have a term of not less than 5, nor more than 10, 
                years.
                  ``(C) Prioritization.--Section 1240C(b) shall not 
                apply to applications for contracts under this 
                subsection.
          ``(3) Stewardship payments.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide 
                payments to producers through contracts entered into 
                under paragraph (2) for--
                          ``(i) adopting and installing stewardship 
                        practices; and
                          ``(ii) managing, maintaining, and improving 
                        the stewardship practices for the duration of 
                        the contract, as determined appropriate by the 
                        Secretary.
                  ``(B) Payment amounts.--In determining the amount of 
                payments under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
                consider, to the extent practicable--
                          ``(i) the level and extent of the stewardship 
                        practice to be installed, adopted, completed, 
                        maintained, managed, or improved;
                          ``(ii) the cost of the installation, 
                        adoption, completion, management, maintenance, 
                        or improvement of the stewardship practice;
                          ``(iii) income foregone by the producer; and
                          ``(iv) the extent to which compensation would 
                        ensure long-term continued maintenance, 
                        management, and improvement of the stewardship 
                        practice.
                  ``(C) Limitation.--The total amount of payments a 
                person or legal entity receives pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A) shall not exceed $50,000 for any 
                fiscal year.
          ``(4) Reservation of funds.--The Secretary may use not more 
        than 50 percent of the funds made available under section 1241 
        to carry out this chapter for payments made pursuant to this 
        subsection.''.

SEC. 2303. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS.

  Section 1240G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-7) 
is amended by inserting ``or the period of fiscal years 2019 through 
2023,'' after ``2018,''.

SEC. 2304. CONSERVATION INNOVATION GRANTS AND PAYMENTS.

  (a) Competitive Grants for Innovative Conservation Approaches.--
Section 1240H(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-
8(a)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``use not more than 
        $25,000,000 in each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023 to'' 
        after ``the Secretary may''; and
          (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting ``or persons 
        participating in an educational activity through an institution 
        of higher education, including by carrying out demonstration 
        projects on lands of the institution'' before the semicolon at 
        the end.
  (b) Air Quality Concerns From Agricultural Operations.--Section 
1240H(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8(b)(2)) 
is amended by inserting ``, and $37,500,000 for each of fiscal years 
2019 through 2023'' after ``2018''.
  (c) On-Farm Conservation Innovation Trials; Reporting and Database.--
Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8) is 
amended by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
  ``(c) On-Farm Conservation Innovation Trials.--
          ``(1) In general.--Using not more than $25,000,000 of the 
        funds made available to carry out this chapter in each of 
        fiscal years 2019 through 2023, the Secretary shall carry out 
        on-farm conservation innovation trials, on eligible land of 
        producers, to test new or innovative conservation approaches--
                  ``(A) directly with producers; or
                  ``(B) through eligible entities.
          ``(2) Incentive payments.--
                  ``(A) Agreements.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary shall enter into agreements with producers on 
                whose land an on-farm conservation innovation trial is 
                being carried out to provide payments (including 
                payments to compensate for foregone income, as 
                appropriate to address the increased economic risk 
                potentially associated with new or innovative 
                conservation approaches) to the producers to assist 
                with adopting and evaluating new or innovative 
                conservation approaches.
                  ``(B) Length of incentives.--An agreement entered 
                into under subparagraph (A) shall be for a period 
                determined by the Secretary that is--
                          ``(i) not less than 3 years; and
                          ``(ii) if appropriate, more than 3 years, 
                        including if such a period is appropriate to 
                        support--
                                  ``(I) adaptive management over 
                                multiple crop years; and
                                  ``(II) adequate data collection and 
                                analysis to report the natural resource 
                                and agricultural production benefits of 
                                the new or innovative conservation 
                                approaches.
          ``(3) Flexible adoption.--A producer or eligible entity 
        participating in an on-farm conservation innovation trial under 
        paragraph (1) may determine the scale of adoption of the new or 
        innovative conservation approaches in the on-farm conservation 
        innovation trial, which may include multiple scales on an 
        operation, including whole farm, field-level, or sub-field 
        scales.
          ``(4) Technical assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
        technical assistance--
                  ``(A) to a producer or eligible entity participating 
                in an on-farm conservation innovation trial under 
                paragraph (1), with respect to the design, 
                installation, and management of the new or innovative 
                conservation approaches; and
                  ``(B) to an eligible entity participating in an on-
                farm conservation innovation trial under paragraph (1), 
                with respect to data analyses of the on-farm 
                conservation innovation trial.
          ``(5) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                  ``(A) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
                means a third-party private entity the primary business 
                of which is related to agriculture.
                  ``(B) New or innovative conservation approaches.--The 
                term `new or innovative conservation approaches' 
                means--
                          ``(i) new or innovative--
                                  ``(I) precision agriculture 
                                technologies;
                                  ``(II) enhanced nutrient management 
                                plans, nutrient recovery systems, and 
                                fertilization systems;
                                  ``(III) soil health management 
                                systems;
                                  ``(IV) water management systems;
                                  ``(V) resource-conserving crop 
                                rotations;
                                  ``(VI) cover crops; and
                                  ``(VII) irrigation systems; and
                          ``(ii) any other conservation approach 
                        approved by the Secretary as new or innovative.
  ``(d) Reporting and Database.--
          ``(1) Report required.--Not later than December 31, 2014, and 
        every two years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
        and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives a report on the status of activities funded 
        under this section, including--
                  ``(A) funding awarded;
                  ``(B) results of the activities; and
                  ``(C) incorporation of findings from the activities, 
                such as new technology and innovative approaches, into 
                the conservation efforts implemented by the Secretary.
          ``(2) Conservation practice database.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall use the data 
                reported under paragraph (1) to establish and maintain 
                a publicly available conservation practice database 
                that provides--
                          ``(i) a compilation and analysis of effective 
                        conservation practices for soil health, 
                        nutrient management, and source water 
                        protection in varying soil compositions, 
                        cropping systems, slopes, and landscapes; and
                          ``(ii) a list of recommended new and 
                        effective conservation practices.
                  ``(B) Privacy.--Information provided under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be transformed into a 
                statistical or aggregate form so as to not include any 
                identifiable or personal information of individual 
                producers.''.

                Subtitle D--Other Conservation Programs

SEC. 2401. CONSERVATION OF PRIVATE GRAZING LAND.

  Section 1240M(e) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839bb(e)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 2402. GRASSROOTS SOURCE WATER PROTECTION PROGRAM.

  (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1240O(b)(1) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-2(b)(1)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
  (b) Availability of Funds.--Section 1240O(b) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-2(b)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
          ``(3) Additional funding.--In addition to any other funds 
        made available under this subsection, of the funds of the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use 
        $5,000,000 beginning in fiscal year 2019, to remain available 
        until expended.''.

SEC. 2403. VOLUNTARY PUBLIC ACCESS AND HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

  Section 1240R(f)(1) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839bb-5(f)(1)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``2012 and'' and inserting ``2012,''; and
          (2) by inserting ``, and $50,000,000 for the period of fiscal 
        years 2019 through 2023'' before the period at the end.

SEC. 2404. WATERSHED PROTECTION AND FLOOD PREVENTION.

  (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14(h)(2)(E) of the 
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1012(h)(2)(E)) 
is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
  (b) Funds of Commodity Credit Corporation.--The Watershed Protection 
and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:

``SEC. 15. FUNDING.

  ``In addition to any other funds made available by this Act, of the 
funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make 
available to carry out this Act $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2019 through 2023, to remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 2405. FERAL SWINE ERADICATION AND CONTROL PILOT PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a feral 
swine eradication and control pilot program to respond to the threat 
feral swine pose to agriculture, native ecosystems, and human and 
animal health.
  (b) Duties of the Secretary.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
Secretary shall--
          (1) study and assess the nature and extent of damage to the 
        pilot areas caused by feral swine;
          (2) develop methods to eradicate or control feral swine in 
        the pilot areas;
          (3) develop methods to restore damage caused by feral swine; 
        and
          (4) provide financial assistance to agricultural producers in 
        pilot areas.
  (c) Assistance.--The Secretary may provide financial assistance to 
agricultural producers under the pilot program to implement methods 
to--
          (1) eradicate or control feral swine in the pilot areas; and
          (2) restore damage caused by feral swine.
  (d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall ensure that the Natural 
Resources Conservation Service and the Animal and Plant Health 
Inspection Service coordinate for purposes of this section through 
State technical committees established under section 1261 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985.
  (e) Pilot Areas.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program in 
areas of States in which feral swine have been identified as a threat 
to agriculture, native ecosystems, or human or animal health, as 
determined by the Secretary.
  (f) Cost Sharing.--
          (1) Federal share.--The Federal share of the costs activities 
        under the pilot program may not exceed 75 percent of the total 
        costs of such activities.
          (2) In-kind contributions.--The non-Federal share of the 
        costs of activities under the pilot program may be provided in 
        the form of in-kind contributions of materials or services.
  (g) Funding.--
          (1) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section 
        $100,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
          (2) Distribution of funds.--Of the funds made available under 
        paragraph (1)--
                  (A) 50 percent shall be allocated to the Natural 
                Resources Conservation Service to carry out the pilot 
                program, including the provision of financial 
                assistance to producers for on-farm trapping and 
                technology related to capturing and confining feral 
                swine; and
                  (B) 50 percent shall be allocated to the Animal and 
                Plant Health Inspection Service to carry out the pilot 
                program, including the use of established, and testing 
                of innovative, population reduction methods.
          (3) Limitation on administrative expenses.--Not more than 10 
        percent of funds made available under this section may be used 
        for administrative expenses of the pilot program.

SEC. 2406. EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM.

  (a) Repair or Replacement of Fencing.--
          (1) In general.--Section 401 of the Agricultural Credit Act 
        of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201) is amended--
                  (A) by striking the section designation and all that 
                follows through ``The Secretary of Agriculture'' and 
                inserting the following:

``SEC. 401. PAYMENTS TO PRODUCERS.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this 
title as the `Secretary')'';
                  (B) in subsection (a), as so designated, by inserting 
                ``wildfires,'' after ``hurricanes,''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(b) Repair or Replacement of Fencing.--With respect to a payment to 
an agricultural producer under subsection (a) for the repair or 
replacement of fencing, the Secretary shall give the agricultural 
producer the option of receiving the payment, determined based on the 
applicable percentage of the fair market value of the cost of the 
repair or replacement, as determined by the Secretary, before the 
agricultural producer carries out the repair or replacement.''.
          (2) Conforming amendments.--
                  (A) Sections 402, 403, 404, and 405 of the 
                Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2202, 2203, 
                2204, 2205) are amended by striking ``Secretary of 
                Agriculture'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``Secretary''.
                  (B) Section 407(a) of the Agricultural Credit Act of 
                1978 (16 U.S.C. 2206(a)) is amended by striking 
                paragraph (4).
  (b) Cost Share Payments.--Title IV of the Agricultural Credit Act of 
1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 402 
the following:

``SEC. 402A. COST SHARE REQUIREMENT.

  ``(a) Cost-share Rate.--The maximum cost-share payment under section 
401 and section 402 shall not exceed 75 percent of the total allowable 
cost, as determined by the Secretary.
  ``(b) Exception.--Not withstanding subsection (a), a qualified 
limited resource, socially disadvantaged, or beginning farmer or 
rancher payment under section 401 and 402 shall not exceed 90 percent 
of the total allowable cost, as determined by the Secretary.
  ``(c) Limitation.--In no case shall the total payment under section 
401 and 402 for a single event exceed 50 percent of what the Secretary 
has determined to be the agriculture value of the land.''.

                 Subtitle E--Funding and Administration

SEC. 2501. COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION.

  (a) Annual Funding.--Section 1241(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3841(a)) is amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``2018 
        (and fiscal year 2019 in the case of the program specified in 
        paragraph (5))'' and inserting ``2023'';
          (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``2023'';
          (3) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(F) $500,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
                through 2023.'';
          (4) by striking paragraph (3) and redesignating paragraphs 
        (4) and (5) as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively;
          (5) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated), by inserting ``, 
        as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018, using such sums as are 
        necessary to administer contracts entered into before the 
        earlier of September 30, 2018, or such date of enactment'' 
        before the period at the end; and
          (6) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``each of fiscal 
                years 2018 through 2019.'' and inserting ``fiscal year 
                2018;''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(F) $2,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                  ``(G) $2,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
                  ``(H) $2,750,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
                  ``(I) $2,935,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
                  ``(J) $3,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.''.
  (b) Availability of Funds.--Section 1241(b) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(b)) is amended by striking ``2018 (and fiscal 
year 2019 in the case of the program specified in subsection (a)(5))'' 
and inserting ``2023''.
  (c) Technical Assistance.--Section 1241(c) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(c)) is amended--
          (1) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
          ``(2) Priority.--In the delivery of technical assistance 
        under the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 
        U.S.C. 590a et seq.), the Secretary shall give priority to 
        producers who request technical assistance from the Secretary 
        in order to comply for the first time with the requirements of 
        subtitle B and subtitle C of this title as a result of the 
        amendments made by section 2611 of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014.''; and
          (2) by striking paragraph (3) and redesignating paragraph (4) 
        as paragraph (3).
  (d) Regional Equity.--
          (1) In general.--Section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 
        1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended by striking subsection (e) and 
        redesignating subsections (f) through (i) as subsections (e) 
        through (h), respectively.
          (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 1221(c) of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3821(c)) is amended by striking 
        ``1241(f)'' and inserting ``1241(e)'' each place it appears.
  (e) Reservation of Funds To Provide Assistance to Certain Farmers or 
Ranchers for Conservation Access.--Section 1241(g) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (d) of this section) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018 to carry out the 
        environmental quality incentives program and the acres made 
        available for each of such fiscal years to carry out the 
        conservation stewardship program'' and inserting ``2023 to 
        carry out the environmental quality incentives program''; and
          (2) by striking paragraph (3) and redesignating paragraph (4) 
        as paragraph (3).
  (f) Report on Program Enrollments and Assistance.--Section 1241(h) of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (d) of 
this section) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(h) Report on Program Enrollments and Assistance.--Not later than 
December 15 of each of calendar years 2018 through 2023, the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
Forestry of the Senate an annual report containing statistics by State 
related to enrollments in conservation programs under this subtitle, as 
follows:
          ``(1) The annual and current cumulative activity reflecting 
        active agreement and contract enrollment statistics.
          ``(2) Secretarial exceptions, waivers, and significant 
        payments, including--
                  ``(A) payments made under the agricultural 
                conservation easement program for easements valued at 
                $250,000 or greater;
                  ``(B) payments made under the regional conservation 
                partnership program subject to the waiver of adjusted 
                gross income limitations pursuant to section 
                1271C(c)(3);
                  ``(C) waivers granted by the Secretary under section 
                1001D(b)(3) of this Act;
                  ``(D) exceptions and activity associated with section 
                1240B(h)(2); and
                  ``(E) exceptions provided by the Secretary under 
                section 1265B(b)(2)(C).''.

SEC. 2502. DELIVERY OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

  (a) Definitions.--Section 1242(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3842(a)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Eligible participant.--The term `eligible participant' 
        means a producer, landowner, or entity that is participating 
        in, or seeking to participate in, programs in which the 
        producer, landowner, or entity is otherwise eligible to 
        participate under this title.
          ``(2) Third-party provider.--The term `third-party provider' 
        means a commercial entity (including a farmer cooperative, 
        agriculture retailer, or other commercial entity (as defined by 
        the Secretary)), a nonprofit entity, a State or local 
        government (including a conservation district), or a Federal 
        agency, that has expertise in the technical aspect of 
        conservation planning, including nutrient management planning, 
        watershed planning, or environmental engineering.''.
  (b) Certification of Third-Party Providers.--Section 1242(e) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(e)) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
          ``(4) Alternative certification.--
                  ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this subsection, 
                the Secretary shall approve any qualified certification 
                that the Secretary determines meets or exceeds the 
                national criteria provided under paragraph (3)(B).
                  ``(B) Qualified certification.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `qualified certification' means a professional 
                certification that is established by the Secretary, an 
                agriculture retailer, a farmer cooperative, the 
                American Society of Agronomy, or the National Alliance 
                of Independent Crop Consultants, including 
                certification--
                          ``(i) as a Certified Crop Advisor by the 
                        American Society of Agronomy;
                          ``(ii) as a Certified Professional Agronomist 
                        by the American Society of Agronomy; and
                          ``(iii) as a Comprehensive Nutrient 
                        Management Plan Specialist by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 2503. ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.

  Section 1244 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is 
amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (m);
          (2) by redesignating subsections (i) through (l) as 
        subsections (j) through (m), respectively, and inserting after 
        subsection (h) the following:
  ``(i) Source Water Protection Through Targeting of Agricultural 
Practices.--
          ``(1) In general.--In carrying out any conservation program 
        administered by the Secretary, the Secretary shall encourage 
        practices that relate to water quality and water quantity that 
        protect source waters for drinking water (including protecting 
        against public health threats) while also benefitting 
        agricultural producers.
          ``(2) Collaboration with water systems and increased 
        incentives.--In encouraging practices under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) work collaboratively with community water 
                systems and State technical committees established 
                under section 1261 to identify, in each State, local 
                priority areas for the protection of source waters for 
                drinking water; and
                  ``(B) offer to producers increased incentives and 
                higher payment rates than are otherwise statutorily 
                authorized through conservation programs administered 
                by the Secretary for practices that result in 
                significant environmental benefits that the Secretary 
                determines--
                          ``(i) relate to water quality or water 
                        quantity; and
                          ``(ii) occur primarily outside of the land on 
                        which the practices are implemented.
          ``(3) Reservation of funds.--In each of fiscal years 2019 
        through 2023, the Secretary shall use, to carry out this 
        subsection, not less than 10 percent of any funds available 
        with respect to each conservation program administered by the 
        Secretary under this title except the conservation reserve 
        program.''; and
          (3) in subsection (m), as so redesignated, by striking ``the 
        conservation stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 
        2 of subtitle D and''.

SEC. 2504. ESTABLISHMENT OF STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES.

  Section 1261(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3861(c)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(14) The State 1862 Institution (as defined in section 2(1) 
        of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform 
        Act of 1998).''.

         Subtitle F--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

SEC. 2601. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

  Section 1265(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865(b)) 
is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``that negatively affect 
        the agricultural uses and conservation values'' after ``that 
        land''; and
          (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``restoring and'' and 
        inserting ``restoring or''.

SEC. 2602. DEFINITIONS.

  (a) Agricultural Land Easement.--Section 1265A(1)(B) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865a(1)(B)) is amended by striking 
``subject to an agricultural land easement plan, as approved by the 
Secretary''.
  (b) Eligible Land.--Section 1265A(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3865a(3)) is amended--
          (1) by amending subparagraph (A)(iii)(VI) to read as follows:
                                  ``(VI) nonindustrial private forest 
                                land that contributes to the economic 
                                viability of an offered parcel, or 
                                serves as a buffer to protect such land 
                                from development, which may include up 
                                to 100 percent of the parcel if the 
                                Secretary determines enrolling the land 
                                is important to protect a forest to 
                                provide significant conservation 
                                benefits;''; and
          (2) in subparagraph (B)(i)(II), by striking ``, as determined 
        by the Secretary in consultation with the Secretary of the 
        Interior at the local level''.
  (c) Monitoring Report.--Section 1265A of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865a) is amended by redesignating paragraphs (4) and 
(5) as paragraphs (5) and (6), respectively, and inserting after 
paragraph (3) the following:
          ``(4) Monitoring report.--The term `monitoring report' means 
        a report, the contents of which are formulated and prepared by 
        the holder of an agricultural land easement, that documents 
        whether the land subject to the agricultural land easement is 
        in compliance with the terms and conditions of the agricultural 
        land easement.''.

SEC. 2603. AGRICULTURAL LAND EASEMENTS.

  (a) Availability of Assistance.--Section 1265B(a)(2) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(a)(2)) is amended by striking 
``provide for the conservation of natural resources pursuant to an 
agricultural land easement plan'' and inserting ``implement the 
program''.
  (b) Cost-Share Assistance.--
          (1) Scope of assistance available.--Section 1265B(b)(2) of 
        the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(b)(2)) is 
        amended by striking subparagraphs (B) and (C) and inserting the 
        following:
                  ``(B) Non-federal share.--An eligible entity may use 
                for any part of its share--
                          ``(i) a cash contribution;
                          ``(ii) a charitable donation or qualified 
                        conservation contribution (as defined by 
                        section 170(h) of the Internal Revenue Code of 
                        1986) from the landowner from which the 
                        agricultural land easement will be purchased; 
                        or
                          ``(iii) funding from a Federal source other 
                        than the Department of Agriculture.
                  ``(C) Grasslands exception.--In the case of grassland 
                of special environmental significance, as determined by 
                the Secretary, the Secretary may provide an amount not 
                to exceed 75 percent of the fair market value of the 
                agricultural land easement.''.
          (2) Evaluation and ranking of applications.--Section 
        1265B(b)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3865b(b)(3)) is amended by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
        subparagraph (D) and inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
        following:
                  ``(C) Accounting for geographic differences.--The 
                Secretary shall, in coordination with State technical 
                committees, adjust the criteria established under 
                subparagraph (A) to account for geographic differences 
                among States, if such adjustments--
                          ``(i) meet the purposes of the program; and
                          ``(ii) continue to maximize the benefit of 
                        the Federal investment under the program.''.
          (3) Agreements with eligible entities.--Section 1265B(b)(4) 
        of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(b)(4)) is 
        amended--
                  (A) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by inserting ``and the 
                        agricultural use of the land that is subject to 
                        the agricultural land easement'' after ``the 
                        program''; and
                          (ii) by striking clauses (iii) and (iv) and 
                        inserting the following:
                          ``(iii) include a right of enforcement for 
                        the Secretary that--
                                  ``(I) may be used only if the terms 
                                and conditions of the easement are not 
                                enforced by the eligible entity; and
                                  ``(II) does not extend to a right of 
                                inspection unless the holder of the 
                                easement fails to provide monitoring 
                                reports in a timely manner;
                          ``(iv) include a conservation plan only for 
                        any portion of the land subject to the 
                        agricultural land easement that is highly 
                        erodible cropland; and'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (E)(ii), by inserting ``in the 
                case of fraud or gross negligence,'' before ``the 
                Secretary may require''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(F) Mineral development.--Upon request by an 
                eligible entity, the Secretary shall allow, under an 
                agreement under this subsection, mineral development on 
                land subject to the agricultural land easement, if the 
                Secretary determines that the mineral development--
                          ``(i) has limited and localized effects;
                          ``(ii) is not irremediably destructive of 
                        significant conservation interests; and
                          ``(iii) would not alter or affect the 
                        topography or landscape.
                  ``(G) Environmental services markets.--The Secretary 
                may not prohibit, through an agreement under this 
                subsection, an owner of land subject to the 
                agricultural land easement from participating in, and 
                receiving compensation from, an environmental services 
                market if a purpose of the market is the facilitation 
                of additional conservation benefits that are consistent 
                with the purposes of the program.''.
          (4) Certification of eligible entities.--Section 1265B(b)(5) 
        of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(b)(5)) is 
        amended--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``; and'' and 
                        inserting a semicolon;
                          (ii) in clause (iii), by striking the period 
                        at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iv) allow a certified eligible entity to 
                        use its own terms and conditions, 
                        notwithstanding paragraph (4)(C), as long as 
                        the terms and conditions are consistent with 
                        the purposes of the program.''; and
                  (B) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
                  ``(B) Certification criteria.--In order to be 
                certified, an eligible entity shall demonstrate to the 
                Secretary that the entity--
                          ``(i) is a land trust that has--
                                  ``(I) been accredited by the Land 
                                Trust Accreditation Commission, or by 
                                an equivalent accrediting body (as 
                                determined by the Secretary); and
                                  ``(II) acquired not fewer than five 
                                agricultural land easements under the 
                                program; or
                          ``(ii) will maintain, at a minimum, for the 
                        duration of the agreement--
                                  ``(I) a plan for administering 
                                easements that is consistent with the 
                                purpose of the program;
                                  ``(II) the capacity and resources to 
                                monitor and enforce agricultural land 
                                easements; and
                                  ``(III) policies and procedures to 
                                ensure--
                                          ``(aa) the long-term 
                                        integrity of agricultural land 
                                        easements on land subject to 
                                        such easements;
                                          ``(bb) timely completion of 
                                        acquisitions of such easements; 
                                        and
                                          ``(cc) timely and complete 
                                        evaluation and reporting to the 
                                        Secretary on the use of funds 
                                        provided under the program.''.
  (c) Technical Assistance.--Section 1265B(d) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(d)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(d) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide technical 
assistance, if requested, to assist in compliance with the terms and 
conditions of easements.''.

SEC. 2604. WETLAND RESERVE EASEMENTS.

  Section 1265C(b)(5)(D)(i)(III) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3865c(b)(5)(D)(i)(III)) is amended by inserting after ``under 
subsection (f)'' the following: ``or a grazing management plan that is 
consistent with the wetland reserve easement plan and has been 
reviewed, and modified as necessary, at least every five years''.

SEC. 2605. ADMINISTRATION.

  (a) Ineligible Land.--Section 1265D(a)(4) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865d(a)(4)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``or off-site''; and
          (2) by striking ``proposed or'' and inserting ``permitted 
        or''.
  (b) Subordination, Exchange, Modification, and Termination.--
          (1) Subordination and exchange.--Section 1265D(c)(1) of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865d(c)(1)) is amended--
                  (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``In 
                general'' and inserting ``Subordination and exchange'';
                  (B) by striking ``subordinate, exchange, modify, or 
                terminate'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``subordinate or exchange''; and
                  (C) by striking ``subordination, exchange, 
                modification, or termination'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``subordination or exchange''.
          (2) Modification; termination.--Section 1265D(c) of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865d(c)) is amended--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively;
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) Modification.--
                  ``(A) Authority.--The Secretary may modify any 
                interest in land, or portion of such interest, 
                administered by the Secretary, either directly or on 
                behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation under the 
                program if the modification--
                          ``(i) has a neutral effect on, or increases, 
                        the conservation values;
                          ``(ii) is consistent with the original intent 
                        of the easement; and
                          ``(iii) is consistent with the purposes of 
                        the program.
                  ``(B) Limitation.--In modifying an interest in land, 
                or portion of such interest, under this paragraph, the 
                Secretary may not increase any payment to an eligible 
                entity.
          ``(3) Termination.--The Secretary may terminate any interest 
        in land, or portion of such interest, administered by the 
        Secretary, either directly or on behalf of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation under the program if--
                  ``(A) the current owner of the land that is subject 
                to the easement and the holder of the easement agree to 
                the termination; and
                  ``(B) the Secretary determines that the termination 
                would be in the public interest.''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                (3)''.
  (c) Landowner Eligibility.--Section 1265D of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865d) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(f) Landowner Eligibility.--The limitation described in paragraph 
(1) of section 1001D(b) shall not apply to a landowner from which an 
easement under the program is to be purchased with respect to any 
benefit described in paragraph (2)(B) of such section related to the 
purchase of such easement.''.

         Subtitle G--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

SEC. 2701. DEFINITIONS.

  (a) Covered Program.--Section 1271A(1) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871a(1)) is amended--
          (1) by striking subparagraph (C) and redesignating 
        subparagraph (D) as subparagraph (C); and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) The conservation reserve program established 
                under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D.
                  ``(E) Programs provided for in the Watershed 
                Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1001 et 
                seq.), other than section 14 of such Act (16 U.S.C. 
                1012).''.
  (b) Eligible Activity.--Section 1271A(2) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871a(2)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``resource-conserving 
        crop rotations,'' before ``or dryland farming''; and
          (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) through (J) as 
        subparagraphs (D) through (K), respectively, and inserting 
        after subparagraph (B) the following:
                  ``(C) Protection of source waters for drinking 
                water.''.

SEC. 2702. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIPS.

  (a) Length.--Section 1271B(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3871b(b)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(b) Length.--A partnership agreement, including a renewal of a 
partnership agreement under subsection (d)(5), shall be--
          ``(1) for a period not to exceed 5 years, which period the 
        Secretary may extend one time for up to 12 months; or
          ``(2) for a period that is longer than 5 years, if such 
        longer period is necessary to meet the objectives of the 
        program, as determined by the Secretary.''.
  (b) Duties of Partners.--Section 1271B(c)(1)(E) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871b(c)(1)(E)) is amended by inserting ``, 
including quantification of the project's environmental outcomes'' 
before the semicolon.
  (c) Applications.--Section 1271B(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3871b(d)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``simplified'' before 
        ``competitive process to select''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) Renewals.--If a project that is the subject of a 
        partnership agreement has met or exceeded the objectives of the 
        project, as determined by the Secretary, the eligible partners 
        may submit, through an expedited program application process, 
        an application to--
                  ``(A) continue to implement the project under a 
                renewal of the partnership agreement; or
                  ``(B) expand the scope of the project under a renewal 
                of the partnership agreement.''.

SEC. 2703. ASSISTANCE TO PRODUCERS.

  Section 1271C(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3871c(c)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``a period of 5 years'' and inserting ``the 
        applicable period under section 1271B(b)''; and
          (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the Secretary may waive 
        the applicability of the limitation in section 1001D(b)(2) of 
        this Act for participating producers'' and inserting 
        ``notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph (3) of section 
        1001D(b), the Secretary may waive the applicability of the 
        limitation in paragraph (2) of such section, and any limitation 
        on the maximum amount of payments related to the covered 
        programs, for participating producers''.

SEC. 2704. FUNDING.

  Section 1271D(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3871d(a)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(a) Availability of Funds.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
Corporation, the Secretary shall use, to carry out the program--
          ``(1) $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018; and
          ``(2) $250,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023.''.

SEC. 2705. ADMINISTRATION.

  Section 1271E of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871e) is 
amended--
          (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c) and 
        inserting after subsection (a) the following:
  ``(b) Guidance.--The Secretary shall provide eligible partners and 
producers participating in the partnership agreements with guidance on 
how to quantify and report on environmental outcomes associated with 
the adoption of conservation practices under the program.''; and
          (2) in subsection (c), as so redesignated--
                  (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in paragraph (4)(C), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) the progress that eligible partners and producers 
        participating in the partnership agreements are making in 
        quantifying and reporting on environmental outcomes associated 
        with the adoption of conservation practices under the 
        program.''.

SEC. 2706. CRITICAL CONSERVATION AREAS.

  Section 1271F(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3871f(c)) is amended by striking paragraph (3).

 Subtitle H--Repeals and Transitional Provisions; Technical Amendments

SEC. 2801. REPEAL OF CONSERVATION SECURITY AND CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP 
                    PROGRAMS.

  (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), chapter 2 of 
subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3838d et seq.) is repealed.
  (b) Transitional Provisions for Conservation Stewardship Program.--
          (1) Effect on existing contracts.--The amendment made by this 
        section shall not affect the validity or terms of any contract 
        entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under subchapter B 
        of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security 
        Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) before the date of 
        enactment of this Act, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract.
          (2) No renewals.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary may not renew a contract described in such paragraph.

SEC. 2802. REPEAL OF TERMINAL LAKES ASSISTANCE.

  Section 2507 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(16 U.S.C. 3839bb-6) is repealed.

SEC. 2803. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

  (a) Delineation of Wetlands; Exemptions.--Section 1222(j) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3822(j)) is amended by striking 
``National Resources Conservation Service'' and inserting ``Natural 
Resources Conservation Service''.
  (b) Delivery of Technical Assistance.--Section 1242 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842) is amended by striking ``third 
party'' each place it appears and inserting ``third-party''.
  (c) Administrative Requirements for Conservation Programs.--Section 
1244(b)(4)(B) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3844(b)(4)(B)) is amended by striking ``General Accounting Office'' and 
inserting ``General Accountability Office''.
  (d) Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act.--Section 5(4) of 
the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1005(4)) 
is amended--
          (1) by striking ``goodwater'' and inserting ``floodwater''; 
        and
          (2) by striking ``Secretary of Health, Education, and 
        Welfare'' each place it appears and inserting ``Secretary of 
        Health and Human Services''.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

SEC. 3001. FINDINGS.

  (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
          (1) The United States has long been the world's largest donor 
        of international food assistance.
          (2) American farmers have been instrumental in the success of 
        United States international food assistance programs by 
        providing an affordable, safe, and reliable source of 
        nutritious agricultural commodities.
          (3) Through the efforts of the United States maritime 
        industry and private voluntary organizations, agricultural 
        commodities grown in the United States have been delivered to 
        millions of people in need around the globe.
          (4) The United States should continue to use its abundant 
        agricultural productivity to promote the foreign policy of the 
        United States by enhancing the food security of the developing 
        world through the timely provision of agricultural commodities.

SEC. 3002. LABELING REQUIREMENTS.

  Subsection (g) of section 202 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1722) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(g) Labeling of Assistance.--Agricultural commodities and other 
assistance provided under this title shall, to the extent practicable, 
be clearly identified with appropriate markings on the package or 
container of such commodities and food procured outside of the United 
States, or on printed material that accompanies other assistance, in 
the language of the locality in which such commodities and other 
assistance are distributed, as being furnished by the people of the 
United States of America.''.

SEC. 3003. FOOD AID QUALITY ASSURANCE.

  Section 202(h)(3) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(h)(3)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3004. LOCAL SALE AND BARTER OF COMMODITIES.

  Section 203 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1723) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``to generate proceeds to 
        be used as provided in this section'' before the period at the 
        end;
          (2) by striking subsection (b); and
          (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (b) and (c), respectively.

SEC. 3005. MINIMUM LEVELS OF ASSISTANCE.

  Section 204(a) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1724(a)) is 
amended in paragraphs (1) and (2) by striking ``2018'' both places it 
appears and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3006. EXTENSION OF TERMINATION DATE OF FOOD AID CONSULTATIVE 
                    GROUP.

  Section 205(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1725(f)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3007. ISSUANCE OF REGULATIONS.

  Section 207(c)(1) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(c)(1)) is 
amended by striking ``the Agricultural Act of 2014''and inserting ``the 
Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018''.

SEC. 3008. FUNDING FOR PROGRAM OVERSIGHT, MONITORING, AND EVALUATION.

  Section 207(f)(4) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(f)(4)) is 
amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                  (A) by striking ``$17,000,000'' and inserting ``1.5 
                percent''; and
                  (B) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' the first place 
                it appears and inserting ``2019 through 2023''; and
                  (C) by striking ``2018'' the second place it appears 
                and inserting ``2023''; and
          (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                  (A) in clause (i), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
                ``2023''; and
                  (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``chapter 1 of part I 
                of''.

SEC. 3009. ASSISTANCE FOR STOCKPILING AND RAPID TRANSPORTATION, 
                    DELIVERY, AND DISTRIBUTION OF SHELF-STABLE 
                    PREPACKAGED FOODS.

  Section 208 the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726b) is amended--
          (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows: 
        ``international food relief partnership''; and
          (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 3010. CONSIDERATION OF IMPACT OF PROVISION OF AGRICULTURAL 
                    COMMODITIES AND OTHER ASSISTANCE ON LOCAL FARMERS 
                    AND ECONOMY.

  (a) Inclusion of All Modalities.--Section 403(a) of the Food for 
Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(a)) is amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``, 
        food procured outside of the United States, food voucher, or 
        cash transfer for food,'' after ``agricultural commodity'';
          (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``in the case of the 
        provision of an agricultural commodity,'' before ``adequate''; 
        and
          (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commodity'' and inserting 
        ``agricultural commodity or use of the food procured outside of 
        the United States, food vouchers, or cash transfers for food''.
  (b) Avoidance of Disruptive Impact.--Section 403(b) of the Food for 
Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(b)) is amended--
          (1) in the first sentence, by inserting ``, food procured 
        outside of the United States, food vouchers, and cash transfers 
        for food'' after ``agricultural commodities''; and
          (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``of sales of 
        agricultural commodities''.

SEC. 3011. PREPOSITIONING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.

  Section 407(c)(4)(A) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736a(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it appears 
and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3012. ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING FOOD AID PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

  (a) In General.--Section 407(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736a(f)(1)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(f) Annual Report Regarding Food Aid Programs and Activities.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than April 1 of each fiscal 
        year, the Administrator and the Secretary shall prepare, either 
        jointly or separately, a report regarding each program and 
        activity carried out under this Act during the prior fiscal 
        year. If the report for a fiscal year will not be submitted to 
        the appropriate committees of Congress by the date specified in 
        this subparagraph, the Administrator and the Secretary shall 
        promptly notify such committees about the delay, including the 
        reasons for the delay, the steps being taken to complete the 
        report, and an estimated submission date.
          ``(2) Contents.--An annual report described in paragraph (1) 
        shall include, with respect to the prior fiscal year, the 
        following:
                  ``(A) A list that contains a description of each 
                country and organization that receives food and other 
                assistance under this Act (including the quantity of 
                food and assistance provided to each country and 
                organization).
                  ``(B) A general description of each project and 
                activity implemented under this Act (including each 
                activity funded through the use of local currencies) 
                and the total number of beneficiaries of the project.
                  ``(C) A statement describing the quantity of 
                agricultural commodities made available to, and the 
                total number of beneficiaries in, each country pursuant 
                to--
                          ``(i) this Act;
                          ``(ii) section 416(b) of the Agricultural Act 
                        of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1431(b));
                          ``(iii) the Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 
                        U.S.C. 1736o); and
                          ``(iv) the McGovern-Dole International Food 
                        for Education and Child Nutrition Program 
                        established by section 3107 of the Farm 
                        Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
                        U.S.C. 1736o-1).
                  ``(D) An assessment of the progress made through 
                programs under this Act towards reducing food 
                insecurity in the populations receiving food assistance 
                from the United States.
                  ``(E) A description of efforts undertaken by the Food 
                Aid Consultative Group under section 205 to achieve an 
                integrated and effective food assistance program.
                  ``(F) An assessment of--
                          ``(i) each program oversight, monitoring, and 
                        evaluation system implemented under section 
                        207(f); and
                          ``(ii) the impact of each program oversight, 
                        monitoring, and evaluation system on the 
                        effectiveness and efficiency of assistance 
                        provided under this title.
                  ``(G) An assessment of the progress made by the 
                Administrator in addressing issues relating to quality 
                with respect to the provision of food assistance.
                  ``(H) A statement of the amount of funds (including 
                funds for administrative costs, indirect cost recovery, 
                internal transportation, storage and handling, and 
                associated distribution costs) provided to each 
                eligible organization that received assistance under 
                this Act, that further describes the following:
                          ``(i) How such funds were used by the 
                        eligible organization.
                          ``(ii) The actual rate of return for each 
                        commodity made available under this Act, 
                        including factors that influenced the rate of 
                        return, and, for the commodity, the costs of 
                        bagging or further processing, ocean 
                        transportation, inland transportation in the 
                        recipient country, storage costs, and any other 
                        information that the Administrator and the 
                        Secretary determine to be necessary.
                          ``(iii) For each instance in which a 
                        commodity was made available under this Act at 
                        a rate of return less than 70 percent, the 
                        reasons for the rate of return realized.
                  ``(I) For funds expended for the purposes of section 
                202(e), 406(b)(6), and 407(c)(1)(B), a detailed 
                accounting of the expenditures and purposes of such 
                expenditures with respect to each section.
          ``(3) Rate of return described.--For purposes of applying 
        subparagraph (H), the rate of return for a commodity shall be 
        equal to the proportion that--
                  ``(A) the proceeds the implementing partners generate 
                through monetization; bears to
                  ``(B) the cost to the Federal Government to procure 
                and ship the commodity to a recipient country for 
                monetization.''.
  (b) Conforming Repeal.--Subsection (m) of section 403 of the Food for 
Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733) is repealed.

SEC. 3013. DEADLINE FOR AGREEMENTS TO FINANCE SALES OR TO PROVIDE OTHER 
                    ASSISTANCE.

  Section 408 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736b) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3014. MINIMUM LEVEL OF NONEMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.

  Subsection (e) of section 412 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736f) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(e) Minimum Level of Nonemergency Food Assistance.--
          ``(1) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023, not less than $365,000,000 of the amounts made available 
        to carry out emergency and nonemergency food assistance 
        programs under title II, nor more than 30 percent of such 
        amounts, shall be expended for nonemergency food assistance 
        programs under such title.
          ``(2) Community development funds.--Funds appropriated each 
        year to carry out part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
        (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) that are made available through grants 
        or cooperative agreements to strengthen food security in 
        developing countries and that are consistent with section 
        202(e)(1)(C) may be deemed to be expended on nonemergency food 
        assistance programs for purposes of this section.''.

SEC. 3015. TERMINATION DATE FOR MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION PROGRAMS.

  Section 415(c) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g-2(c)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3016. JOHN OGONOWSKI AND DOUG BEREUTER FARMER-TO-FARMER PROGRAM.

  (a) Clarification of Nature of Assistance.--Section 501(b)(1) of the 
Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737(b)(1)) is amended by inserting 
``technical'' before ``assistance''.
  (b) Eligible Participants.--Section 501(b)(2) of the Food for Peace 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1737(b)(2)) is amended by inserting ``retired extension 
staff of the Department of Agriculture,'' after ``private 
corporations,''.
  (c) Additional Purpose.--Section 501(b) of the Food for Peace Act (7 
U.S.C. 1737(b)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (5);
          (2) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
          (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(6) foster appropriate investments in institutional 
        capacity-building and allow longer-term and sequenced 
        assignments and partnerships to provide deeper engagement and 
        greater continuity on such projects; and''.
  (d) Minimum Funding.--Subsection (d) of section 501 of the Food for 
Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(d) Minimum Funding.--
          ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, in addition to any funds that may be specifically 
        appropriated to carry out this section, not less than the 
        greater of $15,000,000 or 0.6 percent of the amounts made 
        available for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2023, to carry 
        out this Act shall be used to carry out programs under this 
        section, of which--
                  ``(A) not less than 0.2 percent to be used for 
                programs in developing countries; and
                  ``(B) not less than 0.1 percent to be used for 
                programs in sub-Saharan African and Caribbean Basin 
                countries.
          ``(2) Treatment of expenditures.--Funds used to carry out 
        programs under this section shall be counted towards the 
        minimum level of nonemergency food assistance specified in 
        section 412(e).''.
  (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 501(e)(1) of the Food 
for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737(e)(1)) is amended in by striking ``2018'' 
and inserting ``2023''.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

SEC. 3101. FINDINGS.

  Congress finds the following:
          (1) United States export development programs significantly 
        increase demand for United States agriculture products within 
        foreign markets, boosting agricultural export volume and 
        overall farm income, and generating a net return of $28 in 
        added export revenue for each invested program dollar.
          (2) Our global competitors provide substantially more public 
        support for export promotion than is provided to United States 
        agricultural exporters. The Market Access Program and Foreign 
        Market Development Program receive combined annual funding of 
        approximately $234,500,000. In comparison, the European Union 
        allocates $255,000,000 annually for the international promotion 
        of wine alone.
          (3) The preservation and streamlining of United States export 
        market development programs complements the recent 
        reorganization within the Department of Agriculture by ensuring 
        the newly established Under Secretary for Trade and Foreign 
        Agricultural Affairs has the tools necessary to enhance the 
        competitiveness of the United States agricultural industry on 
        the global stage.

SEC. 3102. CONSOLIDATION OF CURRENT PROGRAMS AS NEW INTERNATIONAL 
                    MARKET DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

  (a) International Market Development Program.--Section 205 of the 
Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5625) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 205. INTERNATIONAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

  ``(a) Program Required.--The Secretary and the Commodity Credit 
Corporation shall establish and carry out a program, to be known as the 
`International Market Development Program', to encourage the 
development, maintenance, and expansion of commercial export markets 
for United States agricultural commodities.
  ``(b) Market Access Program Component.--
          ``(1) In general.--As one of the components of the 
        International Market Development Program, the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation shall carry out a program to encourage the 
        development, maintenance, and expansion of commercial export 
        markets for United States agricultural commodities through 
        cost-share assistance to eligible trade organizations that 
        implement a foreign market development program.
          ``(2) Types of assistance.--Assistance under this subsection 
        may be provided in the form of funds of, or commodities owned 
        by, the Commodity Credit Corporation, as determined appropriate 
        by the Secretary.
          ``(3) Participation requirements.--
                  ``(A) Marketing plan and other requirements.--To be 
                eligible for cost-share assistance under this 
                subsection, an eligible trade organization shall--
                          ``(i) prepare and submit a marketing plan to 
                        the Secretary that meets the guidelines 
                        governing such a marketing plan specified in 
                        this paragraph or otherwise established by the 
                        Secretary;
                          ``(ii) meet any other requirements 
                        established by the Secretary; and
                          ``(iii) enter into an agreement with the 
                        Secretary.
                  ``(B) Purpose of marketing plan.--A marketing plan 
                submitted under this paragraph shall describe the 
                advertising or other market oriented export promotion 
                activities to be carried out by the eligible trade 
                organization with respect to which assistance under 
                this subsection is being requested.
                  ``(C) Specific elements.--To be approved by the 
                Secretary, a marketing plan submitted under this 
                paragraph shall--
                          ``(i) specifically describe the manner in 
                        which assistance received by the eligible trade 
                        organization, in conjunction with funds and 
                        services provided by the eligible trade 
                        organization, will be expended in implementing 
                        the marketing plan;
                          ``(ii) establish specific market goals to be 
                        achieved under the marketing plan; and
                          ``(iii) contain whatever additional 
                        requirements are determined by the Secretary to 
                        be necessary.
                  ``(D) Branded promotion.--A marketing plan approved 
                by the Secretary may provide for the use of branded 
                advertising to promote the sale of United States 
                agricultural commodities in a foreign country under 
                such terms and conditions as may be established by the 
                Secretary.
                  ``(E) Amendments.--An approved marketing plan may be 
                amended by the eligible trade organization at any time, 
                subject to the approval by the Secretary of the 
                amendments.
          ``(4) Level of assistance and cost-share requirements.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall justify in 
                writing the level of assistance to be provided to an 
                eligible trade organization under this subsection and 
                the level of cost sharing required of the organization.
                  ``(B) Limitation on branded promotion.--Assistance 
                provided under this subsection for activities described 
                in paragraph (3)(D) shall not exceed 50 percent of the 
                cost of implementing the marketing plan, except that 
                the Secretary may determine not to apply such 
                limitation in the case of United States agricultural 
                commodities with respect to which there has been a 
                favorable decision by the United States Trade 
                Representative under section 301 of the Trade Act of 
                1974 (19 U.S.C. 2411). Criteria used by the Secretary 
                for determining that the limitation shall not apply 
                shall be consistent and documented.
          ``(5) Other terms and conditions.--
                  ``(A) Multi-year basis.--The Secretary may provide 
                assistance under this subsection on a multi-year basis, 
                subject to annual review by the Secretary for 
                compliance with the approved marketing plan.
                  ``(B) Termination of assistance.--The Secretary may 
                terminate any assistance made, or to be made, available 
                under this subsection if the Secretary determines 
                that--
                          ``(i) the eligible trade organization is not 
                        adhering to the terms and conditions applicable 
                        to the provision of the assistance;
                          ``(ii) the eligible trade organization is not 
                        implementing the approved marketing plan or is 
                        not adequately meeting the established goals of 
                        the plan;
                          ``(iii) the eligible trade organization is 
                        not adequately contributing its own resources 
                        to the implementation of the plan; or
                          ``(iv) the Secretary determines that 
                        termination of assistance in a particular 
                        instance is in the best interests of the 
                        program.
                  ``(C) Evaluations.--Beginning not later than 15 
                months after the initial provision of assistance under 
                this subsection to an eligible trade organization, the 
                Secretary shall monitor the expenditures by the 
                eligible trade organization of such assistance, 
                including the following:
                          ``(i) An evaluation of the effectiveness of 
                        the marketing plan of the eligible trade 
                        organization in developing or maintaining 
                        markets for United States agricultural 
                        commodities.
                          ``(ii) An evaluation of whether assistance 
                        provided under this subsection is necessary to 
                        maintain such markets.
                          ``(iii) A thorough accounting of the 
                        expenditure by the eligible trade organization 
                        of the assistance provided under this 
                        subsection.
          ``(6) Restrictions on use of funds.--Assistance provided 
        under this subsection to an eligible trade organization shall 
        not be used--
                  ``(A) to provide direct assistance to any foreign 
                for-profit corporation for the corporation's use in 
                promoting foreign-produced products; or
                  ``(B) to provide direct assistance to any for-profit 
                corporation that is not recognized as a small business 
                concern, excluding a cooperative, an association 
                described in the first section of the Act entitled `An 
                Act To authorize association of producers of 
                agricultural products', approved February 18, 1922 (7 
                U.S.C. 291), or a nonprofit trade association.
          ``(7) Permissive use of funds.--Assistance provided under 
        this subsection to a United States agricultural trade 
        association, cooperative, or small business may be used for 
        individual branded promotional activity related to a United 
        States branded product, if the beneficiaries of the activity 
        have provided funds for the activity in an amount that is at 
        least equivalent to the amount of assistance provided under 
        this subsection.
          ``(8) Program considerations and priorities.--In providing 
        assistance under this subsection, the Secretary, to the maximum 
        extent practicable, shall--
                  ``(A) give equal consideration to--
                          ``(i) proposals submitted by organizations 
                        that were participating organizations in prior 
                        fiscal years; and
                          ``(ii) proposals submitted by eligible trade 
                        organizations that have not previously 
                        participated in the program established under 
                        this title;
                  ``(B) give equal consideration to--
                          ``(i) proposals submitted for activities in 
                        emerging markets; and
                          ``(ii) proposals submitted for activities in 
                        markets other than emerging markets.
          ``(9) Priority.--In providing assistance for branded 
        promotion, the Secretary should give priority to small-sized 
        entities.
          ``(10) Contribution level.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary should require a 
                minimum contribution level of 10 percent from an 
                eligible trade organization that receives assistance 
                for nonbranded promotion.
                  ``(B) Increases in contribution level.--The Secretary 
                may increase the contribution level in any subsequent 
                year that an eligible trade organization receives 
                assistance for nonbranded promotion.
          ``(11) Additionality.--The Secretary should require each 
        participant in the program to certify that any Federal funds 
        received supplement, but do not supplant, private or third 
        party participant funds or other contributions to program 
        activities.
          ``(12) Independent audits.--If as a result of an evaluation 
        or audit of activities of a participant under the program, the 
        Secretary determines that a further review is justified in 
        order to ensure compliance with the requirements of the 
        program, the Secretary should require the participant to 
        contract for an independent audit of the program activities, 
        including activities of any subcontractor.
          ``(13) Tobacco.--No funds made available under the market 
        promotion program may be used for activities to develop, 
        maintain, or expand foreign markets for tobacco.
  ``(c) Foreign Market Development Cooperator Component.--
          ``(1) In general.--As one of the components of the 
        International Market Development Program, the Secretary shall 
        carry out a foreign market development cooperator program to 
        maintain and develop foreign markets for United States 
        agricultural commodities.
          ``(2) Cooperation.--The Secretary shall carry out the foreign 
        market development cooperator program in cooperation with 
        eligible trade organizations.
          ``(3) Administration.--Funds made available to carry out the 
        foreign market development cooperator program shall be used 
        only to provide--
                  ``(A) cost-share assistance to an eligible trade 
                organization under a contract or agreement with the 
                organization; and
                  ``(B) assistance for other costs that are necessary 
                or appropriate to carry out the foreign market 
                development cooperator program, including contingent 
                liabilities that are not otherwise funded.
          ``(4) Program considerations.--In providing assistance under 
        this subsection, the Secretary, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, shall--
                  ``(A) give equal consideration to--
                          ``(i) proposals submitted by eligible trade 
                        organizations that were participating 
                        organizations in the foreign market development 
                        cooperator program in prior fiscal years; and
                          ``(ii) proposals submitted by eligible trade 
                        organizations that have not previously 
                        participated in the foreign market development 
                        cooperator program; and
                  ``(B) give equal consideration to--
                          ``(i) proposals submitted for activities in 
                        emerging markets; and
                          ``(ii) proposals submitted for activities in 
                        markets other than emerging markets.
  ``(d) Technical Assistance for Specialty Crops Component.--
          ``(1) In general.--As one of the components of the 
        International Market Development Program, the Secretary shall 
        carry out an export assistance program to address existing or 
        potential barriers that prohibit or threaten the export of 
        United States specialty crops.
          ``(2) Purpose.--The export assistance program required by 
        this subsection shall provide direct assistance through public 
        and private sector projects and technical assistance to remove, 
        resolve, or mitigate existing or potential sanitary and 
        phytosanitary and technical barriers to trade.
          ``(3) Priority.--The export assistance program required by 
        this subsection shall address time sensitive and strategic 
        market access projects based on--
                  ``(A) trade effect on market retention, market 
                access, and market expansion; and
                  ``(B) trade impact.
          ``(4) Annual report.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress an annual report that 
        contains, for the period covered by the report, a description 
        of each factor that affects the export of specialty crops, 
        including each factor relating to any significant sanitary or 
        phytosanitary issue or trade barrier.
  ``(e) E. (Kika) De La Garza Emerging Markets Program Component.--
          ``(1) In general.--
                  ``(A) Establishment of program.--The Secretary, in 
                order to develop, maintain, or expand export markets 
                for United States agricultural commodities, is 
                directed--
                          ``(i) to make available to emerging markets 
                        the expertise of the United States to make 
                        assessments of the food and rural business 
                        systems needs of such emerging markets;
                          ``(ii) to make recommendations on measures 
                        necessary to enhance the effectiveness of the 
                        systems, including potential reductions in 
                        trade barriers; and
                          ``(iii) to identify and carry out specific 
                        opportunities and projects to enhance the 
                        effectiveness of those systems.
                  ``(B) Extent of program.--The Secretary shall 
                implement this paragraph with respect to at least 3 
                emerging markets in each fiscal year.
          ``(2) Implementation of program.--The Secretary may implement 
        the requirements of paragraph (1)--
                  ``(A) by providing assistance to teams consisting 
                primarily of agricultural consultants, farmers, other 
                persons from the private sector and government 
                officials expert in assessing the food and rural 
                business systems of other countries to enable such 
                teams to conduct the assessments, make the 
                recommendations, and identify the opportunities and 
                projects specified in such paragraph in emerging 
                markets; and
                  ``(B) by providing for necessary subsistence and 
                transportation expenses of--
                          ``(i) United States food and rural business 
                        system experts, including United States 
                        agricultural producers and other United States 
                        individuals knowledgeable in agricultural and 
                        agribusiness matters, to enable such United 
                        States food and rural business system experts 
                        to assist in transferring knowledge and 
                        expertise to entities in emerging markets; and
                          ``(ii) individuals designated by emerging 
                        markets to enable such designated individuals 
                        to consult with such United States experts to 
                        enhance food and rural business systems of such 
                        emerging markets and to transfer knowledge and 
                        expertise to such emerging markets.
          ``(3) Cost-sharing.--The Secretary shall encourage the 
        nongovernmental experts described in paragraph (2) to share the 
        costs of, and otherwise assist in, the participation of such 
        experts in the program under this paragraph.
          ``(4) Technical assistance.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        provide, or pay the necessary costs for, technical assistance 
        (including the establishment of extension services) necessary 
        to enhance the effectiveness of food and rural business systems 
        needs of emerging markets, including potential reductions in 
        trade barriers.
          ``(5) Reports to secretary.--A team that receives assistance 
        under paragraph (2) shall prepare such reports with respect to 
        the use of such assistance as the Secretary may require.
  ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Eligible trade organization.--
                  ``(A) Market access program component.--In subsection 
                (b), the term `eligible trade organization' means--
                          ``(i) a United States agricultural trade 
                        organization or regional State-related 
                        organization that promotes the export and sale 
                        of United States agricultural commodities and 
                        that does not stand to profit directly from 
                        specific sales of United States agricultural 
                        commodities;
                          ``(ii) a cooperative organization or State 
                        agency that promotes the sale of United States 
                        agricultural commodities; or
                          ``(iii) a private organization that promotes 
                        the export and sale of United States 
                        agricultural commodities if the Secretary 
                        determines that such organization would 
                        significantly contribute to United States 
                        export market development.
                  ``(B) Foreign market development cooperator 
                component.--In subsection (c), the term `eligible trade 
                organization'' means a United States trade organization 
                that--
                          ``(i) promotes the export of one or more 
                        United States agricultural commodities; and
                          ``(ii) does not have a business interest in 
                        or receive remuneration from specific sales of 
                        United States agricultural commodities.
          ``(2) Emerging market.--The term `emerging market' means any 
        country that the Secretary determines--
                  ``(A) is taking steps toward a market-oriented 
                economy through the food, agriculture, or rural 
                business sectors of the economy of the country; and
                  ``(B) has the potential to provide a viable and 
                significant market for United States agricultural 
                commodities.
          ``(3) Small-business concern.--The term `small-business 
        concern' has the meaning given that term in section 3(a) of the 
        Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a)).
          ``(4) United states agricultural commodity.--The term `United 
        States agricultural commodity' has the meaning given the term 
        in section 102 of the Agriculture Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
        5602) and includes commodities that are organically produced 
        (as defined in section 2103 of the Organic Foods Production Act 
        of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6502)).''.
  (b) Funding Provision.--Subsection (c) of section 211 of the 
Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5641) is amended to read as 
follows:
  ``(c) International Market Development Program.--
          ``(1) In general.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, the Secretary shall make available for the 
        International Market Development Program under section 205 
        $255,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2019 through 2023. 
        Such amounts shall remain available until expended.
          ``(2) Set-asides.--
                  ``(A) Market access program component.--Of the funds 
                made available under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year, 
                not less than $200,000,000 shall be used for the market 
                access program component of the International Market 
                Development Program under subsection (b) of section 
                205.
                  ``(B) Foreign market development cooperator 
                component.--Of the funds made available under paragraph 
                (1) for a fiscal year, not less than $34,500,000 shall 
                be used for the foreign market development cooperator 
                component of the International Market Development 
                Program under subsection (c) of section 205.
                  ``(C) Technical assistance for specialty crops 
                component.--Of the funds made available under paragraph 
                (1) for a fiscal year, not more than $9,000,000, shall 
                be used for the specialty crops component of the 
                International Market Development Program under 
                subsection (d) of section 205.
                  ``(D) Agricultural exports to emerging markets 
                component.--Of the funds made available under paragraph 
                (1) for a fiscal year, not more than $10,000,000 shall 
                be used to promote agricultural exports to emerging 
                markets under the International Market Development 
                Program under subsection (e) of section 205.''.
  (c) Repeal of Superseded Programs.--
          (1) Market access program.--Section 203 of the Agricultural 
        Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623) is repealed.
          (2) Promotional assistance.--Section 1302 of the Omnibus 
        Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 is repealed.
          (3) Foreign market development cooperator program.--Title VII 
        of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5721-5723) is 
        repealed.
          (4) Export assistance program for specialty crops.--Section 
        3205 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
        U.S.C. 5680) is repealed.
          (5) Emerging markets program.--Section 1542 of the Food, 
        Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5622 
        note; Public Law 101-624) is amended by striking subsection (d) 
        and by redesignating subsection (e) and (f) as subsections (d) 
        and (e), respectively.
  (d) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Agricultural trade act of 1978.--The Agricultural Trade 
        Act of 1978 is amended--
                  (A) in section 202 (7 U.S.C. 5622), by adding at the 
                end the following new subsection:
  ``(k) Combination of Programs.--The Commodity Credit Corporation may 
carry out a program under which commercial export credit guarantees 
available under this section are combined with direct credits from the 
Commodity Credit Corporation under section 201 to reduce the effective 
rate of interest on export sales of United States agricultural 
commodities.''; and
                  (B) in section 402(a)(1) (7 U.S.C. 5662(a)(1)), by 
                striking ``203'' and inserting ``205(b)''.
          (2) Agricultural marketing act of 1946.--Section 282(f)(2)(C) 
        of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 
        1638a(f)(2)(C)) is amended by striking ``section 203 of the 
        Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623)'' and inserting 
        ``section 205 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978''.
          (3) Food, agriculture, conservation, and trade act of 1990.--
        Section 1543(b)(5) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
        Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3293(b)(5)) is amended by striking 
        ``1542(f)'' and inserting ``1542(e)''.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

SEC. 3201. LOCAL AND REGIONAL FOOD AID PROCUREMENT PROJECTS.

  Section 3206(e)(1) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 1726c(e)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 3202. PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS TO EMERGING MARKETS.

  Section 1542(a) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5622 note; Public Law 101-624) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3203. BILL EMERSON HUMANITARIAN TRUST ACT.

  Section 302 of the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736f-1) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), by striking ``2018'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``2023''; and
          (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2018'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3204. FOOD FOR PROGRESS ACT OF 1985.

  (a) Extension.--Section 1110 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (also 
known as the Food for Progress Act of 1985; 7 U.S.C. 1736o) is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
          (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
          (3) in subsection (k), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
          (4) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.
  (b) Eligible Entities.--Section 1110(b)(5) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (also known as the Food for Progress Act of 1985; 7 U.S.C. 
1736o(b)(5)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (E);
          (2) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (G); 
        and
          (3) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new 
        subparagraph:
                  ``(F) a college or university (as such terms are 
                defined in section 1404(4) of the Food and Agriculture 
                Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103(4)); and''.
  (c) Private Voluntary Organizations and Other Private Entities.--
Section 1110(o) of the Food Security Act of 1985 is amended in 
paragraph (1) by striking ``(F)'' and inserting ``(G)''.

SEC. 3205. MCGOVERN-DOLE INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR EDUCATION AND CHILD 
                    NUTRITION PROGRAM.

  (a) Consideration of Proposals.--Section 3107(f)(1)(B) of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1(f)(1)(B)) 
is amended by inserting before the semicolon the following: ``and, to 
the extent practicable, that assistance will be provided on a timely 
basis so as to coincide with the beginning of and when needed during 
the relevant school year''.
  (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 3107(l)(2) of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1(l)(2)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3206. COCHRAN FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

  (a) Authorized Locations for Training.--Section 1543(a) of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3293(a)) is 
amended by striking ``for study in the United States.'' and inserting 
the following: ``for study--
          ``(1) in the United States; or
          ``(2) at a college or university located in an eligible 
        country that the Secretary determines--
                  ``(A) has sufficient scientific and technical 
                facilities;
                  ``(B) has established a partnership with at least one 
                college or university in the United States; and
                  ``(C) has substantial participation by faculty 
                members of the United States college or university in 
                the design of the fellowship curriculum and classroom 
                instruction under the fellowship.''.
  (b) Fellowship Purposes.--Section 1543(c)(2) of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3293(c)(2)) 
is amended by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, 
including trade linkages involving regulatory systems governing 
sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards for agricultural products''.

SEC. 3207. BORLAUG FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

  Section 1473G of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319j) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 1473G. BORLAUG INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                    FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

  ``(a) Fellowship Program.--
          ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        fellowship program, to be known as the `Borlaug International 
        Agricultural Science and Technology Fellowship Program'.
          ``(2) Fellowships to individuals from eligible countries.--As 
        part of the fellowship program, the Secretary shall provide 
        fellowships to individuals from eligible countries as described 
        in subsection (b) who specialize in agricultural education, 
        research, and extension for scientific training and study 
        designed to assist individual fellowship recipients, including 
        the following 3 programs:
                  ``(A) A graduate studies program in agriculture to 
                assist individuals who participate in graduate 
                agricultural degree training at a United States 
                institution.
                  ``(B) An individual career improvement program to 
                assist agricultural scientists from developing 
                countries in upgrading skills and understanding in 
                agricultural science and technology.
                  ``(C) A Borlaug agricultural policy executive 
                leadership course to assist senior agricultural policy 
                makers from eligible countries, with an initial focus 
                on individuals from sub-Saharan Africa and the 
                independent states of the former Soviet Union.
          ``(3) Fellowships to united states citizens.--As part of the 
        fellowship program, the Secretary shall provide fellowships to 
        citizens of the United States to assist eligible countries in 
        developing school-based agricultural education and youth 
        extension programs.
  ``(b) Eligible Country Described.--For purposes of this section, an 
eligible country is a developing country, as determined by the 
Secretary using a gross national income per capita test selected by the 
Secretary.
  ``(c) Purpose of Fellowships.--
          ``(1) Fellowships to individuals from eligible countries.--A 
        fellowship provided under subsection (a)(2) shall--
                  ``(A) promote food security and economic growth in 
                eligible countries by--
                          ``(i) educating a new generation of 
                        agricultural scientists;
                          ``(ii) increasing scientific knowledge and 
                        collaborative research to improve agricultural 
                        productivity; and
                          ``(iii) extending that knowledge to users and 
                        intermediaries in the marketplace; and
                  ``(B) support--
                          ``(i) training and collaborative research 
                        opportunities through exchanges for entry level 
                        international agricultural research scientists, 
                        faculty, and policymakers from eligible 
                        countries;
                          ``(ii) collaborative research to improve 
                        agricultural productivity;
                          ``(iii) the transfer of new science and 
                        agricultural technologies to strengthen 
                        agricultural practice; and
                          ``(iv) the reduction of barriers to 
                        technology adoption.
          ``(2) Fellowships to united states citizens.--A fellowship 
        provided under subsection (a)(3) shall--
                  ``(A) develop globally minded United States 
                agriculturists with experience living abroad;
                  ``(B) focus on meeting the food and fiber needs of 
                the domestic population of eligible countries; and
                  ``(C) strengthen and enhance trade linkages between 
                eligible countries and the United States agricultural 
                industry.
  ``(d) Fellowship Recipients.--
          ``(1) Fellowships to individuals from eligible countries.--
                  ``(A) Eligible candidates.--The Secretary may provide 
                fellowships under subsection (a)(2) to individuals from 
                eligible countries who specialize or have experience in 
                agricultural education, research, extension, or related 
                fields, including--
                          ``(i) individuals from the public and private 
                        sectors; and
                          ``(ii) private agricultural producers.
                  ``(B) Candidate identification.--For fellowships 
                under subsection (a)(2), the Secretary shall use the 
                expertise of United States land-grant colleges and 
                universities and similar universities, international 
                organizations working in agricultural research and 
                outreach, and national agricultural research 
                organizations to help identify program candidates for 
                fellowships from the public and private sectors of 
                eligible countries.
                  ``(C) Location of training.--The scientific training 
                or study of fellowship recipients under subsection 
                (a)(2) shall occur--
                          ``(i) in the United States; or
                          ``(ii) at a college or university located in 
                        an eligible country that the Secretary 
                        determines--
                                  ``(I) has sufficient scientific and 
                                technical facilities;
                                  ``(II) has established a partnership 
                                with at least one college or university 
                                in the United States; and
                                  ``(III) has substantial participation 
                                by faculty members of the United States 
                                college or university in the design of 
                                the fellowship curriculum and classroom 
                                instruction under the fellowship.
          ``(2) Fellowships to united states citizens.--
                  ``(A) Eligible candidates.--The Secretary may provide 
                fellowships under subsection (a)(3) to citizens of the 
                United States who--
                          ``(i) hold at least a bachelors degree in an 
                        agricultural related field of study; and
                          ``(ii) have an understanding of United States 
                        school-based agricultural education and youth 
                        extension programs, as determined by the 
                        Secretary.
                  ``(B) Candidate identification.--For fellowships 
                under subsection (a)(3), the Secretary shall consult 
                with the National FFA Organization, the National 4-H 
                Council, and other entities as the Secretary deems 
                appropriate to identify candidates for fellowships.
  ``(e) Program Implementation.--The Secretary shall provide for the 
management, coordination, evaluation, and monitoring of the Borlaug 
International Agricultural Science and Technology Fellowship Program 
and for the individual programs described in subsection (a), except 
that--
          ``(1) the Secretary may contract out to 1 or more 
        collaborating universities the management of 1 or more of the 
        fellowship programs under subsection (a)(2); and
          ``(2) the Secretary may contract out the management of the 
        fellowship program under subsection (a)(3) to an outside 
        organization with experience in implementing fellowship 
        programs focused on building capacity for school-based 
        agricultural education and youth extension programs in 
        developing countries.
  ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
        $6,000,000 to carry out this section.
          ``(2) Set-asides.--Of any funds made available pursuant to 
        paragraph (1), not less than $2,800,000 shall be used to carry 
        out the fellowship program for individuals from eligible 
        countries under subsection (a)(2).
          ``(3) Duration.--Any funds made available pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 3208. GLOBAL CROP DIVERSITY TRUST.

  (a) United States Contribution Limit.--Section 3202(b) of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (22 U.S.C. 2220a note; Public Law 
110-246(b)) is amended by striking ``25 percent'' and inserting ``33 
percent''.
  (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 3202(c) of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 22 U.S.C. 
2220a note) is amended by striking ``for the period of fiscal years 
2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``for the period of fiscal years 2019 
through 2023''.

SEC. 3209. GROWING AMERICAN FOOD EXPORTS ACT OF 2018.

  Section 1543A of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5679) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1543A. BIOTECHNOLOGY AND AGRICULTURAL TRADE PROGRAM.

  ``(a) Establishment.--There is established in the Department of 
Agriculture a program to be known as the `Biotechnology and 
Agricultural Trade Program'.
  ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the program established under this 
section shall be to remove, resolve, or mitigate significant regulatory 
nontariff barriers to the export of United States agricultural 
commodities into foreign markets through policy advocacy and targeted 
projects that address--
          ``(1) issues relating to United States agricultural 
        commodities produced with the use of biotechnology or new 
        agricultural production technologies;
          ``(2) advocacy for science-based regulation in foreign 
        markets of biotechnology or new agricultural production 
        technologies; or
          ``(3) quick-response intervention regarding non-tariff 
        barriers to United States exports produced through 
        biotechnology or new agricultural production technologies.
  ``(c) Eligible Programs.--Depending on need, as determined by the 
Secretary, activities authorized under this section may be carried out 
through--
          ``(1) this section;
          ``(2) the emerging markets program under section 1542; or
          ``(3) the Cochran Fellowship Program under section 1543.''.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SEC. 4001. DUPLICATIVE ENROLLMENT DATABASE.

  (a) Expansion of the Duplicative Enrollment Database.--The Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:

``SEC. 30. DUPLICATIVE ENROLLMENT DATABASE.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish an interstate 
database, or system of databases, of supplemental nutrition assistance 
program information to be known as the Duplicative Enrollment Database 
that shall include the data submitted by each State pursuant to section 
11(e)(26) and that shall meet security standards as determined by the 
Secretary.
  ``(b) Purpose.--Any database, or system of databases, established 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall be used by States when making 
eligibility determinations to prevent supplemental nutrition assistance 
program participants from receiving duplicative benefits in multiple 
States.
  ``(c) Implementation.--
          ``(1) Issuance of interim final regulations.--Not later than 
        18 months after the effective date of this section, the 
        Secretary shall issue interim final regulations to carry out 
        this section that--
                  ``(A) incorporate best practices and lessons learned 
                from the regional pilot project referenced in section 
                4032(c) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
                2036c(c));
                  ``(B) protect the privacy of supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program participants and applicants 
                consistent with section 11(e)(8); and
                  ``(C) detail the process States will be required to 
                follow for--
                          ``(i) conducting initial and ongoing matches 
                        of participant and applicant data;
                          ``(ii) identifying and acting on all apparent 
                        instances of duplicative participation by 
                        participants or applicants in multiple States;
                          ``(iii) disenrolling an individual who has 
                        applied to participate in another State in a 
                        manner sufficient to allow the State in which 
                        the individual is currently applying to comply 
                        with sections 11(e)(3) and (9); and
                          ``(iv) complying with such other rules and 
                        standards the Secretary determines appropriate 
                        to carry out this section.
          ``(2) Timing.--The initial match and corresponding actions 
        required by paragraph (1)(C) shall occur within 3 years after 
        the date of the enactment of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act 
        of 2018.
  ``(d) Reports.--Using the data submitted to the Duplicative 
Enrollment Database, the Secretary shall publish an annual report 
analyzing supplemental nutrition assistance program participant 
characteristics, including participant tenure on the program. The 
report shall be made available to the public in a manner that prevents 
identification of participants that receive supplemental nutrition 
assistance program benefits.''.
  (b) State Data Collection and Submission Requirements.--Section 11(e) 
of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020(e)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (24) by striking ``and'' at the end,
          (2) in paragraph (25) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and'', and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(26) that the State agency shall collect and submit 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program data to the 
        Duplicative Enrollment Database established in section 30, in 
        accordance with guidance or rules issued by the Secretary 
        establishing a uniform method and format for the collection and 
        submission of data, including for each member of a 
        participating household--
                  ``(A) the social security number or the social 
                security number substitute;
                  ``(B) the employment status of such member;
                  ``(C) the amount of income and whether that income is 
                earned or unearned;
                  ``(D) that member's portion of the household monthly 
                allotment, and
                  ``(E) the portion of the aggregate value of household 
                assets attributed to that member.''.

SEC. 4002. RETAILER-FUNDED INCENTIVES PILOT.

  The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), as 
amended by section 4001, is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 31. RETAILER-FUNDED INCENTIVES PILOT.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot project in 
accordance with subsection (d) through which participating retail food 
stores provide bonuses to participating households based on household 
purchases of fruits, vegetables, and fluid milk.
  ``(b) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
          ``(1) The term `bonus' means a financial incentive provided 
        at the point of sale to a participating household that expends 
        a portion of its allotment for the purchase of fruits, 
        vegetables, or fluid milk.
          ``(2) The term `fluid milk' means cow milk without flavoring 
        or sweeteners and packaged in liquid form.
          ``(3) The term `fruits' means minimally processed fruits.
          ``(4) The term `retail food store' means a retail food store 
        as defined in section 3(o)(1) that is authorized to accept and 
        redeem benefits under the supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program.
          ``(5) The term `vegetables' means minimally processed 
        vegetables.
  ``(c) Project Participant Plans.--To participate in the pilot project 
established under subsection (a), a retail food store shall submit to 
the Secretary for approval a plan that includes--
          ``(1) a method of quantifying the cost of fruits, vegetables, 
        and fluid milk, that will earn households a bonus;
          ``(2) a method of providing bonuses to participating 
        households and adequately testing such method;
          ``(3) a method of ensuring bonuses earned by households may 
        be used only to purchase food eligible for purchase under the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program;
          ``(4) a method of educating participating households about 
        the availability and use of a bonus;
          ``(5) a method of providing data and reports, as requested by 
        the Secretary, for purposes of analyzing the impact of the 
        pilot project established under subsection (a) on household 
        access, ease of bonus use, and program integrity; and
          ``(6) such other criteria, including security criteria, as 
        established by the Secretary.
  ``(d) Pilot Project Requirements.--Retail food stores with plans 
approved under subsection (c) to participate in the pilot project 
established under subsection (a) shall--
          ``(1) provide a bonus in a dollar amount not to exceed 10 
        percent of the price of the purchased fruits, vegetables, and 
        fluid milk;
          ``(2) fund the dollar amount of bonuses used by households, 
        and pay for administrative costs, such as fees and system 
        costs, associated with providing such bonuses;
          ``(3) ensure that bonuses earned by households may be used 
        only to purchase food eligible for purchase under the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program; and
          ``(4) provide data and reports as requested by the Secretary 
        for purposes of analyzing the impact of the pilot project 
        established under subsection (a) on household access, ease of 
        bonus use, and program integrity.
  ``(e) Limitation.--A retail food store participating in a project 
under section 4405 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 7517) shall not be eligible to participate in the pilot project 
established under subsection (a).
  ``(f) Implementation.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018, the Secretary shall 
solicit and approve plans submitted under subsection (c) that satisfy 
the requirements of such subsection.
  ``(g) Reimbursements.--
          ``(1) Rate of reimbursement.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and 
        (3), the Secretary shall reimburse retail food stores with 
        plans approved under subsection (f) in an amount not to exceed 
        25 percent of the dollar value of bonuses earned by households 
        and used to purchase food eligible for purchase under the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program.
          ``(2) Aggregate amount of reimbursements.--The aggregate 
        amount of reimbursements paid in a fiscal year to all retail 
        food stores that participate in the pilot project established 
        under subsection (a) in such fiscal year shall not exceed 
        $120,000,000.
          ``(3) Requirements.--
                  ``(A) Timeline.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
                of the enactment of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act 
                of 2018, the Secretary shall establish requirements to 
                implement this section, including criteria for 
                prioritizing reimbursements to such stores within the 
                limit established in paragraph (2) and subject to 
                subparagraph (B).
                  ``(B) Distribution of reimbursements.--
                          ``(i) Monthly payments.--Reimbursements 
                        payable under this subsection shall be paid on 
                        a monthly basis.
                          ``(ii) Prorated payments.--If funds made 
                        available under subsection (h) are insufficient 
                        to pay in full reimbursements payable for a 
                        month because of the operation of paragraph 
                        (2), such reimbursements shall be paid on a pro 
                        rata basis to the extent funds remain available 
                        for payment.
  ``(h) Funding.--From funds made available under section 18(a)(1) for 
a fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate not to exceed $120,000,000 
for reimbursements payable under this section for such fiscal year.''.

SEC. 4003. GUS SCHUMACHER FOOD INSECURITY NUTRITION INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

  (a) Amendments.--Section 4405 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 7517) is amended--
          (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``gus schumacher 
        food insecurity nutrition incentive program'',
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii)--
                                  (I) in subclause (II) by inserting 
                                ``financial'' after ``providing'',
                                  (II) by amending subclause (III) to 
                                read as follows:
                                  ``(III) has adequate plans to collect 
                                data for reporting and agrees to 
                                participate in a program evaluation; 
                                and''.
                                  (III) in subclause (IV) by striking 
                                ``; and'' at the end and inserting a 
                                period, and
                                  (IV) by striking subclause (V), and
                          (ii) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as 
                        follows:
                  ``(B) Priorities.--In awarding grants under this 
                section--
                          ``(i) the Secretary shall give priority to 
                        projects that--
                                  ``(I) maximize the share of funds 
                                used for direct incentives to 
                                participants;
                                  ``(II) include coordination with 
                                multiple stakeholders, such as farm 
                                organizations, nutrition education 
                                programs, cooperative extension service 
                                programs, public health departments, 
                                health providers, private and public 
                                health insurance agencies, cooperative 
                                grocers, grocery associations, and 
                                community-based and non-governmental 
                                organizations;
                                  ``(III) have the capacity to generate 
                                sufficient data and analysis to 
                                demonstrate effectiveness of program 
                                incentives; and
                          ``(ii) the Secretary may also give priority 
                        to projects that--
                                  ``(I) are located in underserved 
                                communities;
                                  ``(II) use direct-to-consumer sales 
                                marketing;
                                  ``(III) demonstrate a track record of 
                                designing and implementing successful 
                                nutrition incentive programs that 
                                connect low-income consumers and 
                                agricultural producers;
                                  ``(IV) provide locally or regionally 
                                produced fruits and vegetables;
                                  ``(V) offer supplemental services in 
                                high-need communities, including online 
                                ordering, transportation between home 
                                and store, and delivery services;
                                  ``(VI) provide year-round access to 
                                program incentives; and
                                  ``(VII) address other criteria as 
                                established by the Secretary.'',
                  (B) by amending paragraph (4) to read as follows:
          ``(4) Training, evaluation, and information center.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation 
                with the Director of the National Institute of Food and 
                Agriculture, shall establish a Food Insecurity 
                Nutrition Incentive Program Training, Evaluation, and 
                Information Center capable of providing services 
                related to grants under subsection (b), including--
                          ``(i) offering incentive program training and 
                        technical assistance to applicants and grantees 
                        to the extent practicable;
                          ``(ii) collecting, evaluating, and sharing 
                        information on best practices on common 
                        incentive activities;
                          ``(iii) assisting with collaboration among 
                        grantee projects, State agencies, and nutrition 
                        education programs;
                          ``(iv) facilitating communication between 
                        grantees and the Department of Agriculture; and
                          ``(v) compiling program data from grantees 
                        and generating an annual report to Congress on 
                        grant outcomes.
                  ``(B) Cooperative agreement.--To carry out 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may enter into a 
                cooperative agreement with an organization with 
                expertise in the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program incentive programs, including--
                          ``(i) nongovernmental organizations;
                          ``(ii) State cooperative extension services;
                          ``(iii) regional food system centers;
                          ``(iv) Federal and State agencies;
                          ``(v) public, private, and land-grant 
                        colleges and universities; and
                          ``(vi) other appropriate entities as 
                        determined by the Secretary.
                  ``(C) Funding limitation.--Of the funds made 
                available under subsection (c), the Secretary may use 
                to carry out this paragraph not more than--
                          ``(i) $2,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 
                        2019 and 2020, and
                          ``(ii) $1,000,000 for each fiscal year 
                        thereafter.'', and
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2014 through 
                2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023'', and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C) by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``;'', and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                  ``(E) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
                  ``(F) $55,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
                  ``(G) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
                  ``(H) $65,000,000 for fiscal year 2023 and each 
                fiscal year thereafter.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents of Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 4405 by inserting the following:

``Sec. 4405. Gus Schumacher food insecurity nutrition incentive 
program.''.

SEC. 4004. RE-EVALUATION OF THRIFTY FOOD PLAN.

  Section 3(u) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(u)) 
is amended by inserting after the 1st sentence the following:
``By 2022 and at 5-year intervals thereafter, the Secretary shall re-
evaluate and publish the market baskets of the thrifty food plan based 
on current food prices, food composition data, and consumption 
patterns.''.

SEC. 4005. FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAMS ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS.

  Section 4(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)) 
is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (6)--
                  (A) in the heading by striking ``locally-grown'' and 
                inserting ``locally- and regionally-grown'',
                  (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``locally-grown'' 
                and inserting ``locally- and regionally-grown'',
                  (C) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) by striking ``locally grown'' and 
                        inserting ``locally- and regionally-grown'', 
                        and
                          (ii) by striking ``locally-grown'' and 
                        inserting ``locally- and regionally-grown'',
                  (D) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
                  ``(D) Purchase of foods.--In carrying out this 
                paragraph, the Secretary shall purchase or offer to 
                purchase those traditional foods that may be procured 
                cost-effectively.'';
                  (E) by striking subparagraph (E), and
                  (F) in subparagraph (F)--
                          (i) by striking ``(F)'' and inserting 
                        ``(E)'', and
                          (ii) by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
                        ``2023'', and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(7) Funds availability.--Funds made available for a fiscal 
        year to carry out this subsection shall remain available for 
        obligation for a period of 2 fiscal years.''.

SEC. 4006. UPDATE TO CATEGORICAL ELIGIBILITY.

  Section 5 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014) is 
amended--
          (1) in the 2d sentence of subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``receives benefits'' and inserting 
                ``(1) receives cash assistance or ongoing and 
                substantial services'',
                  (B) by striking ``supplemental security'' and 
                inserting ``with an income eligibility limit of not 
                more than 130 percent of the poverty line as defined in 
                section 5(c)(1), (2) is elderly or disabled and 
                receives cash assistance or ongoing and substantial 
                services under a State program funded under part A of 
                title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et 
                seq.) with an income eligibility limit of not more than 
                200 percent of the poverty line as defined in section 
                5(c)(1), (3) receives supplemental security'', and
                  (C) by striking ``or aid'' and inserting ``or (4) 
                receives aid'', and
          (2) in subsection (j)--
                  (A) by striking ``or who receives benefits'' and 
                inserting ``cash assistance or ongoing and substantial 
                services'' and
                  (B) by striking ``to have'' and inserting ``with an 
                income eligibility limit of not more than 130 percent 
                of the poverty line as defined in section 5(c)(1), or 
                who is elderly or disabled and receives cash assistance 
                or ongoing and substantial services under a State 
                program funded under part A of title IV of the Act (42 
                U.S.C. 601 et seq.) with an income eligibility limit of 
                not more than 200 percent of the poverty line as 
                defined in section 5(c)(1), to have''.

SEC. 4007. BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING.

  (a) Exclusion of Basic Allowance for Housing.--Section 5(d) of the 
Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(d)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (18) by striking ``and'' at the end,
          (2) in paragraph (19)(B) by striking the period and inserting 
        ``; and'', and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(20) the value of an allowance received under section 403 
        of title 37 of the United States Code that does not exceed $500 
        monthly.''.
  (b) Update to Excess Shelter Expense Deduction.--Section 5(e)(6)(A) 
of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(e)(6)(A)) is 
amended by inserting before the period at the end the following:
                ``, except that for a household that receives the 
                allowance under section 403 of title 37, United States 
                Code, only the expenses in excess of that allowance 
                shall be counted towards a household's expenses for the 
                calculation of the excess shelter deduction''.

SEC. 4008. EARNED INCOME DEDUCTION.

  Section 5(e)(2)(B) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2014(e)(2)(B)) is amended by striking ``20'' and inserting ``22''.

SEC. 4009. SIMPLIFIED HOMELESS HOUSING COSTS.

  Section 5(e)(6)(D) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2014(e)(6)(D)) is amended--
          (1) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii), and
          (2) by striking clause (i) and inserting the following:
                          ``(i) Alternative deduction.--The State 
                        agency shall allow a deduction of $143 a month 
                        for households--
                                  ``(I) in which all members are 
                                homeless individuals;
                                  ``(II) that are not receiving free 
                                shelter throughout the month; and
                                  ``(III) that do not opt to claim an 
                                excess shelter expense deduction under 
                                subparagraph (A).
                          ``(ii) Adjustment.--For fiscal year 2019 and 
                        each subsequent fiscal year the amount of the 
                        homeless shelter deduction specified in clause 
                        (i) shall be adjusted to reflect changes for 
                        the 12-month period ending the preceding 
                        November 30 in the Consumer Price Index for All 
                        Urban Consumers published by the Bureau of 
                        Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor.''.

SEC. 4010. AVAILABILITY OF STANDARD UTILITY ALLOWANCES BASED ON RECEIPT 
                    OF ENERGY ASSISTANCE.

  (a) Allowance to Recipients of Energy Assistance.--
          (1) Standard utility allowance.--Section 5(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I) of 
        the of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        2014(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I)) is amended by inserting ``with an elderly 
        member'' after ``households''.
          (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 2605(f)(2)(A) of the Low-
        Income Home Energy Assistance Act is amended by inserting 
        ``received by a household with an elderly member'' before ``, 
        consistent with section 5(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I)''.
  (b) Third-party Energy Assistance Payments.--Section 5(k)(4) of the 
Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(k)(4)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``without an elderly 
        member'' after ``household'' the 1st place it appears; and
          (2) in subparagraph (B) by inserting ``with an elderly 
        member'' after ``household'' the 1st place it appears.

SEC. 4011. CHILD SUPPORT; COOPERATION WITH CHILD SUPPORT AGENCIES.

  (a) Deductions for Child Support Payments.--
          (1) Amendments.--Section 5(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
        of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(e)) is amended--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (4), and
                  (B) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) as 
                paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively.
          (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 5 of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014) is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (k)(4)(B) by striking ``(e)(6)'' 
                and inserting ``(e)(5)'', and
                  (B) in subsection (n) by striking ``Regardless of 
                whether a State agency elects to provide a deduction 
                under subsection (e)(4), the'' and inserting ``The''.
  (b) Cooperation With Child Support Agencies.--
          (1) Amendments.--Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
        2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015) is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (l)(1) by striking ``At the option 
                of a State agency, subject'' and inserting ``Subject'',
                  (B) in subsection (m)(1) by striking ``At the option 
                of a State agency, subject'' and inserting ``Subject'', 
                and
                  (C) by striking subsection (n).
          (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 5(a) of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(a)) is amended by striking 
        ``and (r)'' and inserting ``and (p)''.

SEC. 4012. ADJUSTMENT TO ASSET LIMITATIONS.

  Section 5(g)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2014(g)(1)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                  (A) by striking ``$2,000'' and inserting ``$7,000'', 
                and
                  (B) by striking ``$3,000'' and inserting ``$12,000'', 
                and--
          (2) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``2008'' and inserting 
        ``2019''.

SEC. 4013. UPDATED VEHICLE ALLOWANCE.

  Section 5(g) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(g)) 
is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(B)(i)--
                  (A) by striking ``(i) In general.--Beginning'' and 
                inserting the following:
                          ``(i) In general.--
                                  ``(I) Beginning'', and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                                  ``(II) Beginning on October 1, 2019, 
                                and each October 1 thereafter, the 
                                amount specified in paragraph 
                                (2)(B)(iv) shall be adjusted in the 
                                manner described in subclause (I).'', 
                                and
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by amending subparagraph (B)(iv) to read as 
                follows:
                          ``(iv) subject to subparagraph (C), with 
                        respect to any licensed vehicle that is used 
                        for household transportation or to obtain or 
                        continue employment--
                                  ``(I) 1 vehicle for each licensed 
                                driver who is a member of such 
                                household to the extent that the fair 
                                market value of the vehicle exceeds 
                                $12,000; and
                                  ``(II) each additional vehicle; 
                                and'', and
                  (B) by striking subparagraph (D).

SEC. 4014. SAVINGS EXCLUDED FROM ASSETS.

  Section 5(g) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2014(g)), as amended by section 4013, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(B)(i) by adding at the end the 
        following:
                                  ``(III) Beginning on October 1, 2019, 
                                and each October 1 thereafter, the 
                                amount specified in paragraph (2)(B)(v) 
                                shall be adjusted in the manner 
                                described in subclause (I).'', and
          (2) in paragraph (2)(B)(v) by inserting ``to the extent that 
        the value exceeds $2,000'' after ``account''.

SEC. 4015. WORKFORCE SOLUTIONS.

  (a) Conditions of Participation.--Section 6(d) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015(d)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``No'' and inserting 
                        ``Subject to subparagraph (C), no'',
                          (ii) by striking ``over the age of 15 and 
                        under the age of 60'' and inserting ``at least 
                        18 years of age and less than 60 years of 
                        age'',
                          (iii) by amending clause (i) to read as 
                        follows:
                          ``(i) without good cause, fails to work or 
                        refuses to participate in either an employment 
                        and training program established in paragraph 
                        (4), a work program, or any combination of 
                        work, an employment and training program, or 
                        work program--
                                  ``(I) a minimum of 20 hours per week, 
                                averaged monthly in fiscal years 2021 
                                through 2025; or
                                  ``(II) a minimum of 25 hours per 
                                week, averaged monthly in fiscal years 
                                2026 and each fiscal year 
                                thereafter;''.
                          (iv) by striking clauses (ii) and (vi),
                          (v) in clause (iv) by adding ``or'' at the 
                        end,
                          (vi) in clause (v)(II) by striking ``30 hours 
                        per week; or'' and inserting ``the hourly 
                        requirements applicable under paragraph 
                        (1)(B)(i).'', and
                          (vii) by redesignating clauses (iii), (iv), 
                        and (v) as clauses (ii), (iii), and (iv), 
                        respectively,
                  (B) by striking subparagraph (B),
                  (C) by amending subparagraph (C) to read as follows:
                  ``(C) Limitation.--Subparagraph (B) shall not apply 
                to an individual during the first month that individual 
                would otherwise become subject to subparagraph (B) and 
                be found in noncompliance with such subparagraph.'',
                  (D) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) in clause (iii)(I) by striking ``(A)'' 
                        each place it appears and inserting ``(B)'',
                          (ii) in clause (iv) by striking ``(A)(v)''and 
                        inserting ``(B)(iv)'', and
                          (iii) by striking clauses (v) and (vi),
                  (E) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (D) as 
                subparagraphs (B) and (I), respectively,
                  (F) by inserting before subparagraph (B), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
                  ``(A) Definition of work program.--In this 
                subsection, the term `work program' means--
                          ``(i) a program under title I of the 
                        Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act;
                          ``(ii) a program under section 236 of the 
                        Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2296); and
                          ``(iii) a program of employment and training 
                        operated or supervised by a State or political 
                        subdivision of a State that meets standards 
                        approved by the chief executive officer of the 
                        State and the Secretary, other than a program 
                        under paragraph (4).'', and
                  (G) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                  ``(D) Transition period.--During each of the fiscal 
                years 2019 and 2020, States shall continue to implement 
                and enforce the work and employment and training 
                program requirements consistent with this subsection, 
                subsection (e), subsection (o) excluding paragraph 
                (6)(F), section 7(i), section 11(e)(19), and section 16 
                (excluding subparagraphs (A), (B), (D), and (C) of 
                subsection (h)(1)) as those provisions were in effect 
                on the day before the effective date of this 
                subparagraph.
                  ``(E) Ineligibility.--
                          ``(i) Notification of failure to meet work 
                        requirements.--The State agency shall issue a 
                        notice of adverse action to an individual not 
                        later than 10 days after the State agency 
                        determines that the individual has failed to 
                        meet the requirements applicable under 
                        subparagraph (B).
                          ``(ii) First violation.--The 1st time an 
                        individual receives a notice of adverse action 
                        issued under clause (i), the individual shall 
                        remain ineligible to participate in the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                        until--
                                  ``(I) the date that is 12 months 
                                after the date the individual became 
                                ineligible;
                                  ``(II) the date the individual 
                                obtains employment sufficient to meet 
                                the hourly requirements applicable 
                                under subparagraph (B)(i); or
                                  ``(III) the date that the individual 
                                is no longer subject to the 
                                requirements of subparagraph (B);
                        whichever is earliest.
                          ``(iii) Second or subsequent violation.--The 
                        2d or subsequent time an individual receives a 
                        notice of adverse action issued under clause 
                        (i), the individual shall remain ineligible to 
                        participate in the supplemental nutrition 
                        assistance program until--
                                  ``(I) the date that is 36 months 
                                after the date the individual became 
                                ineligible;
                                  ``(II) the date the individual 
                                obtains employment sufficient to meet 
                                the hourly requirements applicable 
                                under subparagraph (B)(i); or
                                  ``(III) the date the individual is no 
                                longer subject to the requirements of 
                                subparagraph (B);
                        whichever is earliest.
                  ``(F) Waiver.--
                          ``(i) In general.--On the request of a State 
                        agency, the Secretary may waive the 
                        applicability of subparagraph (B) to 
                        individuals in the State if the Secretary makes 
                        a determination that the area in which the 
                        individuals reside--
                                  ``(I) has an unemployment rate of 
                                over 10 percent;
                                  ``(II) is designated as a Labor 
                                Surplus Area by the Employment and 
                                Training Administration of the 
                                Department of Labor for the current 
                                fiscal year based on the criteria for 
                                exceptional circumstances as described 
                                in section 654.5 of title 20 of the 
                                Code of Federal Regulations;
                                  ``(III) has a 24-month average 
                                unemployment rate 20 percent or higher 
                                than the national average for the same 
                                24-month period unless the 24-month 
                                average unemployment rate of the area 
                                is less than 6 percent, except that the 
                                24-month period shall begin no earlier 
                                than the 24-month period the Employment 
                                and Training Administration of the 
                                Department of Labor uses to designate 
                                Labor Surplus Areas for the current 
                                fiscal year; or
                                  ``(IV) is in a State--
                                          ``(aa) that is in an extended 
                                        benefit period (within the 
                                        meaning of section 203 of the 
                                        Federal-State Extended 
                                        Unemployment Compensation Act 
                                        of 1970); or
                                          ``(bb) in which temporary or 
                                        emergency unemployment 
                                        compensation is being provided 
                                        under any Federal law.
                          ``(ii) Jurisdictions with limited data.--In 
                        carrying out clause (i), in the case of a 
                        jurisdiction for which Bureau of Labor 
                        Statistics unemployment data is limited or 
                        unavailable, such as an Indian Reservation or a 
                        territory of the United States, a State may 
                        support its request based on other economic 
                        indicators as determined by the Secretary.
                          ``(iii) Limit on combining jurisdictions.--In 
                        carrying out clause (i), the Secretary may 
                        waive the applicability of subparagraph (B) 
                        only to a State or individual jurisdictions 
                        within a State, except in the case of combined 
                        jurisdictions that are designated as Labor 
                        Market Areas by the Department of Labor.
                          ``(iv) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to 
                        the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                        Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
                        Senate, and shall make available to the public, 
                        an annual report on the basis for granting a 
                        waiver under clause (i).
                  ``(G) 15-percent exemption.--
                          ``(i) Definitions.--In this subparagraph:
                                  ``(I) Caseload.--The term `caseload' 
                                means the average monthly number of 
                                individuals receiving supplemental 
                                nutrition assistance program benefits 
                                during the 12-month period ending the 
                                preceding June 30.
                                  ``(II) Covered individual.--The term 
                                `covered individual' means a member of 
                                a household that receives supplemental 
                                nutrition assistance program benefits, 
                                or an individual denied eligibility for 
                                supplemental nutrition assistance 
                                program benefits solely due to the 
                                applicability of subparagraph (B), 
                                who--
                                          ``(aa) is not eligible for an 
                                        exception under paragraph (2);
                                          ``(bb) does not reside in an 
                                        area covered by a waiver 
                                        granted under subparagraph (F); 
                                        and
                                          ``(cc) is not complying with 
                                        subparagraph (B).
                          ``(ii) General rule.--Subject to clauses 
                        (iii) through (v), a State agency may provide 
                        an exemption from the requirements of 
                        subparagraph (B) for covered individuals.
                          ``(iii) Fiscal year 2021 and thereafter.--
                        Subject to clauses (iv) and (v), for fiscal 
                        year 2021 and each subsequent fiscal year, a 
                        State agency may provide a number of exemptions 
                        such that the average monthly number of the 
                        exemptions in effect during the fiscal year 
                        does not exceed 15 percent of the number of 
                        covered individuals in the State in fiscal year 
                        2019, as estimated by the Secretary, based on 
                        the survey conducted to carry out section 16(c) 
                        for the most recent fiscal year and such other 
                        factors as the Secretary considers appropriate 
                        due to the timing and limitations of the 
                        survey.
                          ``(iv) Caseload adjustments.--The Secretary 
                        shall adjust the number of individuals 
                        estimated for a State under clause (iii) during 
                        a fiscal year if the number of members of 
                        households that receive supplemental nutrition 
                        assistance program benefits in the State varies 
                        from the State's caseload by more than 10 
                        percent, as determined by the Secretary.
                          ``(v) Reporting requirements.--
                                  ``(I) Reports by state agencies.--A 
                                State agency shall submit such reports 
                                to the Secretary as the Secretary 
                                determines are necessary to ensure 
                                compliance with this paragraph.
                                  ``(II) Annual report by the 
                                secretary.--The Secretary shall 
                                annually compile and submit to the 
                                Committee on Agriculture of the House 
                                of Representatives and the Committee on 
                                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
                                the Senate, and shall make available to 
                                the public, an annual report that 
                                contains the reports submitted under 
                                subclause (I) by State agencies.
                  ``(H) Other program rules.--Nothing in this 
                subsection shall make an individual eligible for 
                benefits under this Act if the individual is not 
                otherwise eligible for benefits under the other 
                provisions of this Act.'',
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in the 1st sentence--
                          (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and 
                        inserting ``paragraph (1)(B)'', and
                          (ii) by striking ``(E)'' and all that follows 
                        through the period at the end, and inserting 
                        the following:
``(E) receiving weekly earnings which equal the minimum hourly rate 
under section 6(a)(1) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 
U.S.C. 206(a)(1)), multiplied by the hourly requirement as specified in 
subparagraph (B); (F) medically certified as mentally or physically 
unfit for employment; or (G) a pregnant woman.'', and
                  (B) by striking the last sentence,
          (3) in paragraph (3) by striking ``registration 
        requirements'' and inserting ``requirement'',
          (4) in paragraph (4)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause 
                        (iii), and
                          (ii) by inserting after clause (i) the 
                        following:
                          ``(ii) Mandatory minimum services.--Each 
                        State agency shall offer employment and 
                        training program services sufficient for all 
                        individuals subject to the requirements of 
                        paragraph (1)(B)(i) who are not currently 
                        ineligible pursuant to paragraph (1)(E), exempt 
                        pursuant to subparagraphs (F) and (G) or 
                        paragraph (2) of subsection (d), and for all 
                        individuals covered by paragraph (1)(C), to 
                        meet the hourly requirements specified in 
                        paragraph (1)(B)(i) to the extent that such 
                        requirements will not be satisfied by hours of 
                        work or participation in a work program.'', and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by inserting after ``contains'' the 
                        following:
``case management services consisting of comprehensive intake 
assessments, individualized service plans, progress monitoring, and 
coordination with service providers, and'',
                          (ii) by amending clause (i) to read as 
                        follows:
          ``(i) Supervised job search programs that occur at State-
        approved locations in which the activities of participants 
        shall be directly supervised and the timing and activities of 
        participants tracked in accordance with guidelines set forth by 
        the State.'',
                          (iii) in clause (ii) by striking ``jobs 
                        skills assessments, job finding clubs, training 
                        in techniques for'' and inserting 
                        ``employability assessments, training in 
                        techniques to increase'',
                          (iv) by striking clause (iii),
                          (v) in clause (iv) in the 1st sentence by 
                        inserting ``, including subsidized employment, 
                        apprenticeships, and unpaid or volunteer work 
                        that is limited to 6 months out of a 12-month 
                        period'' before the period at the end,
                          (vi) in clause (v) by inserting ``, including 
                        family literacy and financial literacy,'' after 
                        ``literacy'',
                          (vii) in clause (vii) by striking ``not more 
                        than'', and
                          (viii) by redesignating clauses (iv) through 
                        (viii) as clauses (iii) through (vii), 
                        respectively,
                  (C) by striking subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), and 
                inserting the following:
  ``(D) Each State agency shall establish requirements for 
participation by non-exempt individuals in the employment and training 
program components listed in clauses (i) through (vii) of subparagraph 
(B). Such requirements may vary among participants.'',
                  (D) in subparagraph (H) by striking ``(B)(v)'' and 
                inserting ``(B)(iv)'', and
                  (E) by redesignating subparagraphs (G) through (M) as 
                subparagraphs (E) through (K), respectively.
  (b) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Amendments to the food and nutrition act of 2008.--
        Section 5(d)(14) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2014(d)(14)) is amended by striking ``6(d)(4)(I)'' and 
        inserting ``6(d)(4)(G)''.
          (2) Amendment to other laws.--
                  (A) Internal revenue code of 1986.--Section 
                51(d)(8)(A)(ii) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 
                (26 U.S.C. 51(d)(8)(A)(ii)) is amended--
                          (i) in subclause (I) by striking ``, or'' and 
                        inserting a period,
                          (ii) by striking ``family--'' and all that 
                        follows through ``(I) receiving'' and inserting 
                        ``family receiving'', and
                          (iii) by striking subclause (II).
                  (B) Workforce innovation and opportunity act.--The 
                Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (Public Law 
                113-128; 128 Stat. 1425) is amended--
                          (i) in section 103(a)(2) by striking 
                        subparagraph (D), and
                          (ii) in section 121(b)(2)(B) by striking 
                        clause (iv).
  (c) Related Requirements.--Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (e)(5)(A) by inserting ``or of an 
        incapacitated person'' after ``6'', and
          (2) by striking subsection (o).
  (d) Conforming Amendments.--The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is amended--
          (1) in section 6, as amended by section 4011 and subsection 
        (c), by redesignating subsections (p) through (s) as 
        subparagraphs (n) through (q), respectively, and
          (2) in section 7(i)(1) by striking ``6(o)(2)'' and inserting 
        ``6(d)(1)(B)''.
  (e) State Plan.--Section 11(e)(19) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020(e)(19)) is amended by striking ``geographic areas 
and households to be covered under such program, and the basis, 
including any cost information,'' and inserting ``extent to which such 
programs will be carried out in coordination with the activities 
carried out under title I of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity 
Act, the plan for meeting the minimum services requirement under 
section 6(d)(4)(A)(ii) including any cost information, and the basis''.
  (f) Funding of Employment and Training Programs.--Section 16(h) of 
the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(h)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``$90,000,000'' 
                and all that follows through the period at the end and 
                inserting the following:
                ``under section 18(a)(1)--
                          ``(i) $90,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                          ``(ii) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                          ``(iii) $1,000,000,000 for each fiscal year 
                        thereafter.'',
                  (B) by amending subparagraph (B)(ii) to read as 
                follows:
                          ``(ii) takes into account--
                                  ``(I) for fiscal years 2019 and 2020, 
                                the number of individuals who are not 
                                exempt from the work requirement under 
                                section 6(o) as that section existed on 
                                the day before the date of the 
                                enactment of the Agriculture and 
                                Nutrition Act of 2018; and
                                  ``(II) for fiscal years 2021 and each 
                                fiscal year thereafter, the number of 
                                individuals who are not exempt from the 
                                requirements under section 
                                6(d)(1)(B).'',
                  (C) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``$50,000'' and 
                inserting ``$100,000'', and
                  (D) by amending subparagraph (E) to read as follows:
                  ``(E) Reservation of funds.--Of the funds made 
                available under this paragraph for fiscal year 2021 and 
                for each fiscal year thereafter, not more than 
                $150,000,000 shall be reserved for allocation to States 
                to provide training services by eligible providers 
                identified under section 122 of the Workforce 
                Innovation and Opportunity Act for participants in the 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program to meet the 
                hourly requirements under section 6(d)(1)(B) of this 
                Act.'', and
          (2) in paragraph (5)(C)--
                  (A) in clause (ii) by adding ``and'' at the end,
                  (B) in clause (iii) by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a period, and
                  (C) by striking clause (iv).
  (g) Work Supplementation or Work Support Program.--
          (1) Repealer.--Subsection (b) of section 16 of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(b)) is repealed.
          (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 5(e)(2)(A) of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(e)(2)(A)) is amended to 
        read as follows:
                  ``(A) Definition of earned income.--In this 
                paragraph, the term ``earned income'' does not include 
                income excluded by subsection (d).''.
  (h) Workfare.--
          (1) Repealer.--Section 20 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
        2008 (7 U.S.C. 2029) is repealed.
          (2) Conforming amendments.--The Food and Nutrition Act of 
        2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is amended--
                  (A) in section 16(h)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1)(F)--
                                  (I) in clause (i)--
                                          (aa) in subclause (I) by 
                                        inserting ``(as in effect on 
                                        the day before the date of the 
                                        enactment of the Agriculture 
                                        and Nutrition Act of 2018)'' 
                                        after ``this Act'', and
                                          (bb) in subclause (II)(bb) by 
                                        inserting ``(as in effect on 
                                        the day before the date of the 
                                        enactment of the Agriculture 
                                        and Nutrition Act of 2018)'' 
                                        before the period at the end,
                                  (II) in clause (ii)--
                                          (aa) in subclause (II)(cc) by 
                                        inserting ``(as in effect on 
                                        the day before the date of the 
                                        enactment of the Agriculture 
                                        and Nutrition Act of 2018)'' 
                                        after ``20'', and
                                          (bb) in subclause 
                                        (III)(ee)(AA) by inserting ``as 
                                        in effect on the day before the 
                                        date of the enactment of the 
                                        Agriculture and Nutrition Act 
                                        of 2018'' after ``6(o)'', and
                                  (III) in clause (vi)(I) by inserting 
                                ``as in effect on the day before the 
                                date of the enactment of the 
                                Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018'' 
                                after ``6(d)'', and
                          (ii) in paragraph (3) by striking ``under 
                        section 6(d)(4)(I)(i)(II)'' and inserting ``for 
                        dependent care expenses under section 
                        6(d)(4)'', and
                  (B) in section 17(b)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1)(B)(iv)(III)(jj) by 
                        inserting ``as in effect on the day before the 
                        date of the enactment of the Agriculture and 
                        Nutrition Act of 2018'' after ``20'', and
                          (ii) by striking paragraph (2).

SEC. 4016. MODERNIZATION OF ELECTRONIC BENEFIT TRANSFER REGULATIONS.

  Section 7(h)(2) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)(2)) is amended--
          (1) in the 1st sentence by inserting ``and shall periodically 
        review such regulations and modify such regulations to take 
        into account evolving technology and comparable industry 
        standards'' before the period at the end, and
          (2) in subparagraph (C)--
                  (A) by striking ``(C)(i)'' and all that follows 
                through ``abuse; and'', by inserting the following:
          ``(C)(i) risk-based measures to maximize the security of a 
        system using the most effective technology available that the 
        State agency considers appropriate and cost effective including 
        consideration of recipient access and ease of use and which may 
        include personal identification numbers, photographic 
        identification on electronic benefit transfer cards, 
        alternatives for securing transactions, and other measures to 
        protect against fraud and abuse; and'', and
                  (B) by moving the left margin of clause (ii) 4 ems to 
                the left.

SEC. 4017. MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES.

  Section 7(h)(14) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)(14) is amended--
          (1) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
                  ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary shall authorize the use of mobile 
                technologies for the purpose of accessing supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program benefits.'',
          (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                  (A) by striking the heading and inserting 
                ``Demonstration projects on access of benefits through 
                mobile technologies'',
                  (B) by amending clause (i) to read as follows:
                          ``(i) Demonstration projects.--Before 
                        authorizing implementation of subparagraph (A) 
                        in all States, the Secretary shall approve not 
                        more than 5 demonstration project proposals 
                        submitted by State agencies that will pilot the 
                        use of mobile technologies for supplemental 
                        nutrition assistance program benefits 
                        access.'',
                  (C) in clause (ii)--
                          (i) in the heading by striking 
                        ``Demonstration projects'' and inserting 
                        ``Project requirements'',
                          (ii) by striking ``retail food store'' the 
                        first place it appears and inserting ``State 
                        agency'',
                          (iii) by striking ``includes'',
                          (iv) by striking subclauses (I), (II), (III), 
                        and (IV), and inserting the following:
                                  ``(I) provides recipient protections 
                                regarding privacy, ease of use, 
                                household access to benefits, and 
                                support similar to the protections 
                                provided under existing methods;
                                  ``(II) ensures that all recipients, 
                                including those without access to 
                                mobile payment technology and those who 
                                shop across State borders, have a means 
                                of benefit access;
                                  ``(III) requires retail food stores, 
                                unless exempt under section 7(f)(2)(B), 
                                to bear the costs of acquiring and 
                                arranging for the implementation of 
                                point-of-sale equipment and supplies 
                                for the redemption of benefits that are 
                                accessed through mobile technologies, 
                                including any fees not described in 
                                paragraph (13);
                                  ``(IV) requires that foods purchased 
                                with benefits issued under this section 
                                through mobile technologies are 
                                purchased at a price not higher than 
                                the price of the same food purchased by 
                                other methods used by the retail food 
                                store, as determined by the Secretary;
                                  ``(V) ensures adequate documentation 
                                for each authorized transaction, 
                                adequate security measures to deter 
                                fraud, and adequate access to retail 
                                food stores that accept benefits 
                                accessed through mobile technologies, 
                                as determined by the Secretary;
                                  ``(VI) provides for an evaluation of 
                                the demonstration project, including, 
                                but not limited to, an evaluation of 
                                household access to benefits; and
                                  ``(VII) meets other criteria as 
                                established by the Secretary.'',
                  (D) by amending clause (iii) to read as follows:
                          ``(iv) Date of project approval.--The 
                        Secretary shall solicit and approve the 
                        qualifying demonstration projects required 
                        under subparagraph (B)(i) not later than 
                        January 1, 2020.'', and
                  (E) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
                          ``(iii) Priority.--The Secretary may 
                        prioritize demonstration project proposals that 
                        would--
                                  ``(I) reduce fraud;
                                  ``(II) encourage positive nutritional 
                                outcomes; and
                                  ``(III) meet such other criteria as 
                                determined by the Secretary.'', and
          (3) in subparagraph (C)(i)--
                  (A) by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2022'', and
                  (B) by inserting ``requires further study by way of 
                an extended pilot period or'' after ``States'' the 2d 
                place it appears .

SEC. 4018. PROCESSING FEES.

  (a) Limitation.--Section 7(h)(13) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(13)) is amended to read as follows:
          ``(13) Fees.--No interchange fees shall apply to electronic 
        benefit transfer transactions under this subsection. Neither a 
        State, nor any agent, contractor, or subcontractor of a State 
        who facilitates the provision of supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program benefits in such State may impose a fee for 
        switching or routing such benefits.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 7(j)(1)(H) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014) is amended to read as follows:
                  ``(H) Switching.--The term `'switching'' means the 
                routing of an intrastate or interstate transaction that 
                consists of transmitting the details of a transaction 
                electronically recorded through the use of an 
                electronic benefit transfer card in one State to the 
                issuer of the card that may be in the same or different 
                State.''.

SEC. 4019. REPLACEMENT OF EBT CARDS.

  Section 7(h)(8)(B)(ii) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2016(h)(8)(B)(ii)) is amended by striking ``an excessive number 
of lost cards'' and inserting ``2 lost cards in a 12-month period''.

SEC. 4020. BENEFIT RECOVERY.

  Section 7(h)(12) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)(12)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``, or due to the death 
        of all members of the household'' after ``inactivity'',
          (2) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``6'' and inserting 
        ``3'', and
          (3) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``12 months'' and 
        inserting ``6 months, or upon verification that all members of 
        the household are deceased''.

SEC. 4021. REQUIREMENTS FOR ONLINE ACCEPTANCE OF BENEFITS.

  (a) Definition.--Section 3(o)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(o)(1)) is amended by striking ``or house-to-house 
trade route'' and inserting ``, house-to-house trade route, or online 
entity''.
  (b) Acceptance of Benefits.--Section 7(k) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(k)) is amended--
          (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Acceptance of 
        Program Benefits Through Online Transactions'',
          (2) in paragraph (4) by striking subparagraph (C), and
          (3) by striking paragraph (5).

SEC. 4022. NATIONAL GATEWAY.

  (a) Issuance of Benefits.--Section 7 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d) by striking ``benefits by benefit 
        issuers'' and inserting ``benefit issuers and other independent 
        sales organizations, third-party processors, and web service 
        providers that provide electronic benefit transfer services or 
        equipment to retail food stores and wholesale food concerns,'', 
        and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(l) Requirement to Route All Supplemental Nutrition Assistance 
Program Benefit Transfer Transactions Through a National Gateway.--
          ``(1) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
                  ``(A) The term `independent sales organization ' 
                means a person or entity that--
                          ``(i) is not a third-party processor; and
                          ``(ii) engages in sales or service to retail 
                        food stores with respect to point-of-sale 
                        equipment necessary for electronic benefit 
                        transfer transaction processing.
                  ``(B) The term `third-party processor' means an 
                entity, including a retail food store operating its own 
                point-of-sale terminals, that is capable of routing 
                electronic transfer benefit transactions for 
                authorization.
                  ``(C) The term `web service provider' means an entity 
                that operates a generic online purchasing website that 
                can be customized for online electronic benefit 
                transfer transactions for authorized retail food 
                stores.
          ``(2) In general.--Subject to paragraph (5), the Secretary 
        shall establish a national gateway for the purpose of routing 
        all supplemental nutrition assistance program benefit transfer 
        transactions (in this subsection referred to as `transactions' 
        unless the context specifies otherwise) to the appropriate 
        benefit issuers for purposes of transaction validation and 
        settlement.
          ``(3) Requirements to route transactions.--The Secretary 
        shall--
                  ``(A) ensure that protections regarding privacy, 
                security, ease of use, and access relating to 
                supplemental nutrition assistance benefits are 
                maintained for benefit recipients and retail food 
                stores;
                  ``(B) ensure redundancy for processing of 
                transactions;
                  ``(C) ensure real-time monitoring of transactions;
                  ``(D) ensure that all entities that connect to such 
                gateway, and all others that connect to such entities, 
                meet and follow transaction messaging standards, and 
                other requirements, established by the Secretary;
                  ``(E) ensure the security of transactions by using 
                the most effective technology available that the 
                Secretary considers to be appropriate and cost-
                effective; and
                  ``(F) ensure that all transactions are routed through 
                such gateway.
          ``(4) State agency action.--Each State agency shall ensure 
        that all of its benefit issuers connect to such gateway. A 
        State agency may opt to require its benefit issuer to route 
        cash transactions through such gateway, subject to terms 
        established by the Secretary.
          ``(5) Routing of transactions through a national gateway.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Before the Secretary implements in 
                all the States a national gateway established under 
                paragraph (2), the Secretary shall conduct a 
                feasibility study to assess the feasibility of routing 
                transactions through such gateway.
                  ``(B) Feasibility study.--The feasibility study 
                conducted under subparagraph (A) shall provide, at a 
                minimum, all of the following:
                          ``(i) A comprehensive analysis of 
                        opportunities and challenges presented by 
                        implementation of such gateway.
                          ``(ii) One or more options for carrying 
                        forward each of such opportunities and for 
                        mitigating each of such challenges.
                          ``(iii) Data for purposes of analyzing the 
                        implementation of, and on-going cost of 
                        managing, such gateway.
                          ``(iv) One or more models for cost-neutral 
                        on-going operation of a national gateway.
                          ``(v) Other criteria, including security 
                        criteria, established by the Secretary.
                  ``(C) Date of completion of study.--The Secretary 
                shall complete the feasibility study required by 
                subparagraph (B) not later than 1 year after the date 
                of the enactment of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act 
                of 2018.
                  ``(D) Implementation of a national gateway.--Not 
                later than 1 year after the date of the completion of 
                such study, the Secretary shall complete the nationwide 
                implementation of a national gateway established under 
                paragraph (2) unless the Secretary determines, based on 
                such study, that more time is needed to implement such 
                gateway nationwide or that nationwide implementation of 
                such gateway is not in the best interest of the 
                operation of the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program.
                  ``(E) Report to congress.--If the Secretary makes a 
                determination described in subparagraph (D), the 
                Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture 
                of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
                report that includes the basis of such determination.
                  ``(F) Nondisclosure of information.--Any information 
                collected through such gateway about a specific retail 
                food store, wholesale food concern, person, or other 
                entity, and any investigative methodology or criteria 
                used for program integrity purposes that operates at or 
                in conjunction with such gateway, shall be exempt from 
                the disclosure requirements of section 552(a) of title 
                5 of the United States Code pursuant to section 
                552(b)(3)(B) of title 5 of the United States Code. The 
                Secretary shall limit the use or disclosure of 
                information obtained under this subsection in a manner 
                consistent with section 9(c).
          ``(6) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated $10,500,000 for fiscal year 2019, and 
        $9,500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2020 through 2023, to 
        carry out this subsection. Not more than $1,000,000 of the 
        funds appropriated under this paragraph may be used for the 
        feasibility study under paragraph (5)(B).
          ``(7) Gateway sustainability.--Benefit issuers and third-
        party processors shall pay fees to the gateway operator, in a 
        manner prescribed by the Secretary, to directly access and 
        route transactions through the national gateway.
                  ``(A) Purpose.--The Secretary shall ensure that fees 
                are collected and used solely for the operation of the 
                gateway.
                  ``(B) Amount.--Fees shall be established by the 
                Secretary in amounts proportionate to the number of 
                transactions routed through the gateway by each benefit 
                issuer and third-party processor, and based on the cost 
                of operating the gateway in a fiscal year.
                  ``(C) Adjustment.--The Secretary shall evaluate 
                annually the cost of operating such gateway and shall 
                adjust the fee in effect for a fiscal year to reflect 
                the cost of operating such gateway, except that an 
                adjustment under this subparagraph for any fiscal year 
                may not exceed 10 percent of the fee charged under this 
                paragraph in the preceding fiscal year.''.
  (b) Approval of Retail Food Stores and Wholesale Food Concerns.--The 
1st sentence of section 9(c) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2018(c)) is amended by inserting ``contracts for electronic 
benefit transfer services and equipment, records necessary to validate 
the FNS authorization number to accept and redeem benefits,'' after 
``invoices,''.

SEC. 4023. ACCESS TO STATE SYSTEMS.

  (a) Records.--Section 11(a)(3)(B) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020(a)(3)(B)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``Records described'' and inserting ``All 
        records, and the entire information systems in which records 
        are contained, that are covered'', and
          (2) by amending clause (i) to read as follows:
                          ``(i) be made available for inspection and 
                        audit by the Secretary, subject to data and 
                        security protocols agreed to by the State 
                        agency and Secretary;''.
  (b) Reporting Requirements.--Section 16 of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025) is amended--
          (1) in the last sentence of subsection (c)(4) by inserting 
        ``including providing access to applicable State records and 
        the entire information systems in which the records are 
        contained,'' after ``Secretary,'', and
          (2) in subsection (g)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end,
                  (B) in subparagraph (F) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and'', and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(G) would be accessible by the Secretary for the 
                purposes of program oversight and would be used by the 
                State agency to make available all records required by 
                the Secretary.''.

SEC. 4024. TRANSITIONAL BENEFITS.

  Section 11(s) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020(s)) is amended--
          (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Transitional 
        Benefits'',
          (2) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall'', and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``at the option 
                of the State,'', and
          (3) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall'', and
                  (B) by striking ``not more than''.

SEC. 4025. INCENTIVIZING TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION.

  Section 11(t) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020(t)) is amended--
          (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Grants for 
        Simplified Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program 
        Application and Eligibility Determination Systems'',
          (2) in paragraph (1) by striking ``implement--'' and all that 
        follows through the period at the end, and inserting 
        ``implement simplified supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program application and eligibility determination systems.'', 
        and
          (3) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
                  ``(B) establishing enhanced technological methods for 
                applying for benefits and determining eligibility that 
                improve the administrative infrastructure used in 
                processing applications and determining eligibility; 
                or'',
                  (B) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D), and
                  (C) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph 
                (C).

SEC. 4026. SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM BENEFIT TRANSFER 
                    TRANSACTION DATA REPORT.

  Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2018) is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end,
                  (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and'', and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(C) parameters for retail food store cooperation with the 
        Secretary sufficient to carry out subsection (i).''.
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(i) Data Collection for Retail Food Store Transactions.--
          ``(1) Collection of data.--To assist in making improvements 
        to supplemental nutrition assistance program design, for each 
        interval not greater than a 2-year period, the Secretary 
        shall--
                  ``(A) collect a statistically significant sample of 
                retail food store transaction data, including the cost 
                and description of items purchased with supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program benefits, to the extent 
                practicable and without affecting retail food store 
                document retention practices; and
                  ``(B) make a summarized report of aggregated data 
                collected under subparagraph (A) available to the 
                public in a manner that prevents identification of 
                individual retail food stores, individual retail food 
                store chains, and individual members of households that 
                use such benefits.
          ``(2) Nondisclosure.--Any transaction data that contains 
        information specific to a retail food store, a retail food 
        store location, a person, or other entity shall be exempt from 
        the disclosure requirements of Section 552(a) of title 5 of the 
        United States Code pursuant to section 552(b)(3)(B) of title 5 
        of the United States Code. The Secretary shall limit the use or 
        disclosure of information obtained under this subsection in a 
        manner consistent with sections 9(c) and 11(e)(8).''.

SEC. 4027. ADJUSTMENT TO PERCENTAGE OF RECOVERED FUNDS RETAINED BY 
                    STATES.

  Section 16(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(a) 
is amended--
          (1) in the 1st sentence by striking ``35 percent'' and 
        inserting ``50 percent'', and
          (2) by inserting after the 1st sentence the following:
``A State agency may use such funds retained only to carry out the 
supplemental nutrition assistance program, including investments in 
technology, improvements in administration and distribution, and 
actions to prevent fraud.''.

SEC. 4028. TOLERANCE LEVEL FOR PAYMENT ERRORS.

  Section 16(c)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(c)(1)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A)(ii)--
                  (A) in subclause (I) by striking ``and'' at the end,
                  (B) in subclause (II)--
                          (i) by striking ``fiscal year thereafter'' 
                        and inserting ``of the fiscal years 2015 
                        through 2017'', and
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and'', and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                                  ``(III) for each fiscal year 
                                thereafter, $0.'', and
          (2) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``fiscal year 2004'' and 
        all that follows through ``second'', and inserting ``any of the 
        fiscal years 2004 through 2018 for which the Secretary 
        determines that for the second or subsequent consecutive fiscal 
        year, and with respect to fiscal year 2019 and any fiscal year 
        thereafter for which the Secretary determines that for the 
        third''.

SEC. 4029. STATE PERFORMANCE INDICATORS.

  Section 16(d) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(d)) is amended--
          (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``State Performance 
        Indicators'',
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in the heading by striking ``and thereafter'' and 
                inserting ``through 2017'',
                  (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and each fiscal 
                year thereafter'' and inserting ``through fiscal year 
                2017'', and
                  (C) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and each fiscal 
                year thereafter'' and inserting ``through fiscal year 
                2017'', and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(6)  Fiscal year 2018 and fiscal years thereafter.--With 
        respect to fiscal year 2018 and each fiscal year thereafter, 
        the Secretary shall establish, by regulation, performance 
        criteria relating to--
                  ``(A) actions taken to correct errors, reduce rates 
                of error, and improve eligibility determinations; and
                  ``(B) other indicators of effective administration 
                determined by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 4030. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS.

  Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(m) Pilot Projects to Encourage the Use of Public-private 
Partnerships Committed to Addressing Food Insecurity.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may, on application, permit 
        not more than 10 eligible entities to carry out pilot projects 
        to support public-private partnerships that address food 
        insecurity and poverty.
          ``(2) Definition.--For purposes of this subsection, an 
        `eligible entity' means--
                  ``(A) a State;
                  ``(B) a unit of local government;
                  ``(C) a nonprofit organization;
                  ``(D) a community-based organization; and
                  ``(E) an institution of higher education.
          ``(3) Project requirements.--Projects approved under this 
        subsection shall be limited to 2 years in length and evaluate 
        the impact of the ability of eligible entities to--
                  ``(A) improve the effectiveness and impact of the 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program;
                  ``(B) develop food security solutions that are 
                contextualized to the needs of a community or region; 
                and
                  ``(C) strengthen the capacity of communities to 
                address food insecurity and poverty.
          ``(4) Reporting.--Participating entities shall report 
        annually to the Secretary who shall submit a final report to 
        the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate. Such report shall include--
                  ``(A) a summary of the activities conducted under the 
                pilot projects;
                  ``(B) an assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot 
                projects; and
                  ``(C) best practices regarding the use of public-
                private partnerships to improve the effectiveness of 
                public benefit programs to address food insecurity and 
                poverty.
          ``(5) Authorization and advance availability of 
        appropriations.--
                  ``(A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
                subsection $5,000,000 to remain available until 
                expended.
                  ``(B) Appropriation in advance.--Only funds 
                appropriated under subparagraph (A) in advance 
                specifically to carry out this subsection shall be 
                available to carry out this subsection.''.

SEC. 4031. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  The 1st sentence of section 18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4032. EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.

  Section 27(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2036(a)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'',
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023'',
                  (B) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) by striking ``2018'' the 1st place it 
                        appears and inserting ``2019'',
                          (ii) in clause (iii) by striking ``and'' at 
                        the end, and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(v) for fiscal year 2019, $60,000,000; 
                        and'', and
                  (C) in subparagraph (E)--
                          (i) by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
                        ``2020'',
                          (ii) by striking ``(D)(iv)'' and inserting 
                        ``(D)(v)'', and
                          (iii) by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
                        ``2018'', and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Farm-to-food-bank fund.--From amounts made available 
        under subparagraphs (D) and (E) of paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        shall distribute $20,000,000 in accordance with section 214 of 
        the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7515) that 
        States shall use to procure or enter into agreements with a 
        food bank to procure excess fresh fruits and vegetables grown 
        in the State, or surrounding regions in the United States, to 
        be provided to eligible recipient agencies as defined in 
        section 201A(3) of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 
        U.S.C. 7501(3)).''.

SEC. 4033. NUTRITION EDUCATION.

  (a)  Nutrition Education and Obesity Prevention Grant Program.--
Section 28 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2036a) is 
amended--
          (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
  ``(a) Definitions.--As used in this section:
          ``(1) Eligible individual.--The term `eligible individual' 
        means an individual who is eligible to receive benefits under a 
        nutrition education and obesity prevention program under this 
        section as a result of being--
                  ``(A) an individual eligible for benefits under--
                          ``(i) this Act;
                          ``(ii) sections 9(b)(1)(A) and 17(c)(4) of 
                        the Richard B Russell National School Lunch Act 
                        (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)(1)(A), 1766(c)(4)); or
                          ``(iii) section 4(e)(1)(A) of the Child 
                        Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 
                        1773(e)(1)(A));
                  ``(B) an individual who resides in a community with a 
                significant low-income population, as determined by the 
                Secretary; or
                  ``(C) such other low-income individual as is 
                determined to be eligible by the Secretary.
          ``(2) Eligible institution.--The term `eligible institution' 
        includes any `1862 Institution' or `1890 Institution', as 
        defined in section 2 of the Research, Extension, and Education 
        Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7601).'',
          (2) in subsection (b) by striking ``Consistent with the terms 
        and conditions of grants awarded under this section, State 
        agencies may'' and inserting ``The Secretary, acting through 
        the Director of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, 
        in consultation with the Administrator of the Food and 
        Nutrition Service, shall'',
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
          ``(1) In general.--Consistent with the terms and conditions 
        of grants awarded under this section, eligible institutions 
        shall deliver nutrition education and obesity prevention 
        services under a program described in subsection (b) that--
                  ``(A) to the extent practicable, provide for the 
                employment and training of professional and 
                paraprofessional aides from the target population to 
                engage in direct nutrition education; and
                  ``(B) partner with other public and private entities 
                as appropriate to optimize program delivery.'',
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
                        follows:
                  ``(A) In general.--A State agency, in consultation 
                with eligible institutions that provide nutrition 
                education and obesity prevention services under this 
                subsection, shall submit to the Secretary for approval 
                a nutrition education State plan.'',
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``Except 
                        as provided in subparagraph (C), a'' and 
                        inserting ``A'', and
                          (iii) by striking subparagraph (C),
                  (C) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) by striking ``A State agency'' 
                                and inserting ``An eligible 
                                institution'', and
                                  (II) by inserting ``the Director of 
                                the National Institute of Food and 
                                Agriculture and'' after ``by'', and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B) by inserting ``the 
                        Director of the National Institute of Food and 
                        Agriculture and'' after ``education,'', and
                  (D) in paragraph (4) by inserting ``and eligible 
                institutions'' after ``agencies'', and
                  (E) in paragraph (5) by striking ``State agency'' and 
                inserting ``eligible institutions'',
          (4) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the heading by striking ``In general'' 
                        and inserting ``Basic funding'',
                          (ii) by striking ``to State agencies'',
                          (iii) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end,
                          (iv) in subparagraph (F)--
                                  (I) by striking ``year 2016 and each 
                                subsequent fiscal year'' and inserting 
                                ``years 2016 through 2018'', and
                                  (II) by striking the period at the 
                                end and inserting a semicolon, and
                          (v) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(G) for fiscal year 2019, $485,000,000; and
                  ``(H) for fiscal year 2020 and each subsequent fiscal 
                year, the applicable amount during the preceding fiscal 
                year, as adjusted to reflect any increases for the 12-
                month period ending the preceding June 30 in the 
                Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers published 
                by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of 
                Labor.'',
          (B) in paragraph (2)--
                  (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (I) by inserting ``and appropriated under the 
                        authority of paragraph (2)'' after ``paragraph 
                        (1)'', and
                          (II) in clause (ii)--
                                  (aa) by inserting ``(as that section 
                                existed on the day before the date of 
                                the enactment of the Agriculture and 
                                Nutrition Act of 2018)'' after ``(B)'' 
                                and
                                  (bb) in subclause (V) by striking 
                                ``and each fiscal year thereafter'', 
                                and
                  (ii) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
                  ``(C) Reallocation.--If the Secretary determines that 
                an eligible institution will not expend all of the 
                funds allocated to the eligible institution for a 
                fiscal year under paragraph (1) or in the case of an 
                eligible institution that elects not to receive the 
                entire amount of funds allocated to the eligible 
                institution for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
                reallocate the unexpended funds to other eligible 
                institutions during the fiscal year or the subsequent 
                fiscal year (as determined by the Secretary) that have 
                approved State plans under which the eligible 
                institutions may expend the reallocated funds.'', and
                  (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                  ``(B) Subsequent allocation.--Of the funds set aside 
                under paragraph (1) and appropriated under the 
                authority of paragraph (2) for fiscal year 2019 and 
                each fiscal year thereafter, 100 percent shall be 
                allocated to eligible institutions pro rata based on 
                the respective share of each State of the number of 
                individuals participating in the supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program during the 12-month period ending 
                the preceding January 31, as determined by the 
                Secretary.'',
                  (C) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively,
                  (D) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) Authorization and advance availability of 
        appropriations.--
                  ``(A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
                $65,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2019 through 
                2023.
                  ``(B) Appropriation in advance.--Except as provided 
                in subparagraph (C), only funds appropriated under 
                subparagraph (A) in advance specifically to carry out 
                this section shall be available to carry out this 
                section.
                  ``(C) Other funds.--Funds appropriated under this 
                paragraph shall be in addition to funds made available 
                under paragraph (1).'', and
                  (E) by inserting after paragraph (4), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(5) Administrative costs.--Not more than 10 percent of the 
        funds allocated to eligible institutions may be used by the 
        eligible institutions for administrative costs.'', and
          (5) in subsection (e) by striking ``January 1, 2012'' and 
        inserting ``18 months after the date of the enactment of the 
        Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018''.
  (b) Related Amendment.--Section 18(a)(3)(A)(ii) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027(a)(3)(A)(ii)) is amended by 
striking ``, such as the expanded food and nutrition education 
program''.

SEC. 4034. RETAIL FOOD STORE AND RECIPIENT TRAFFICKING.

  Section 29(c)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2036b(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4035. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

  The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is 
amended--
          (1) in section 3--
                  (A) in subsections (d) and (i) by striking ``7(i)'' 
                and inserting ``7(h)'', and
                  (B) in subsection (o)(1)(A) by striking ``(r)(1)'' 
                and inserting ``(q)(1)'',
          (2) in section 5(a) by striking ``and section'' each place it 
        appears and all that follows through ``households'' the 
        respective next place it appears, and inserting ``and section 
        3(m)(4), households'',
          (3) in subsections (e)(1) and (f)(1)(A)(i) of section 8 by 
        striking ``3(n)(5)'' and inserting ``3(m)(5)'',
          (4) in the 1st sentence of section 10--
                  (A) by striking ``or the Federal Savings and Loan 
                Insurance Corporation'' each place it appears, and
                  (B) by striking ``3(p)(4)'' and inserting 
                ``3(o)(4)'',
          (5) in section 11--
                  (A) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' and 
                inserting ``3(s)(1)'', and
                  (B) in subsection (d)--
                          (i) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' each place it 
                        appears and inserting ``3(s)(1)'', and
                          (ii) by striking ``3(t)(2)'' each place it 
                        appears and inserting ``3(s)(2)'',
                  (C) in subsection (e)--
                          (i) in paragraph (17) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' 
                        inserting ``3(s)(1)'', and
                          (ii) in paragraph (23) by striking 
                        ``Simplified Supplemental Nutrition Assistance 
                        Program'' and inserting ``simplified 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance program'',
          (6) in section 15(e) by striking ``exchange'' and all that 
        follows through ``anything'', and inserting ``exchange for 
        benefits, or anything'',
          (7) in section 17(b)(1)(B)(iv)--
                  (A) in subclause (III)(aa) by striking ``3(n)'' and 
                inserting ``3(m)'', and
                  (B) in subclause (VII) by striking ``7(i)'' and 
                inserting ``7(h)'',
          (8) in section 25(a)(1)(B)(i)(I) by striking the 2d semicolon 
        at the end, and
          (9) in section 26(b) by striking ``out'' and all that follows 
        through ``(referred'', and inserting ``out a simplified 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program (referred''.

SEC. 4036. IMPLEMENTATION FUNDS.

  Out of any funds made available under section 18(a) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027(a)) for fiscal year 2019, the 
Secretary shall use to carry out the amendments made by this subtitle 
$150,000,000, to remain available until expended.

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

SEC. 4101. COMMODITY DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM.

  The 1st sentence of section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer 
Protection Act of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4102. COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM.

  Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 
U.S.C. 612c note) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023'', and
                  (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023'', and
          (2) in subsection (d)(2) by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 4103. DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES TO SPECIAL NUTRITION 
                    PROJECTS.

  Section 1114(a)(2)(A) of the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (7 
U.S.C. 1431e(a)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 4201. PURCHASE OF FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOR DISTRIBUTION TO 
                    SCHOOLS AND SERVICE INSTITUTIONS.

  Section 10603(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 612c-4(b)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 4202. SENIORS FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM.

  Section 4402(a) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 3007(a)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 4203. HEALTHY FOOD FINANCING INITIATIVE.

  Section 243(d) of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 
1994 (7 U.S.C. 6953) is amended by striking ``until expended'' and 
inserting ``until October 1, 2023''.

SEC. 4204. AMENDMENTS TO THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE PROGRAM.

  Section 19 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 
U.S.C. 1769a) is amended--
          (1) in the section heading, by striking ``fresh'' ;
          (2) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, canned, dried, 
        frozen, or pureed'' after ``fresh'';
          (3) in subsection (b), by inserting ``, canned, dried, 
        frozen, or pureed'' after ``fresh''; and
          (4) in subsection (e), by inserting ``, canned, dried, 
        frozen, or pureed'' after ``fresh''.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

SEC. 5101. MODIFICATION OF THE 3-YEAR EXPERIENCE ELIGIBILITY 
                    REQUIREMENT FOR FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.

  Section 302(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1922(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Waiver authority.--In the case of a qualified beginning 
        farmer or rancher, the Secretary may--
                  ``(A) reduce the 3-year requirement in paragraph (1) 
                to--
                          ``(i) 2 years, if the farmer or rancher has--
                                  ``(I) 16 credit hours of post-
                                secondary education in a field related 
                                to agriculture;
                                  ``(II) at least 1 year of direct 
                                substantive management experience in a 
                                business;
                                  ``(III) been honorably discharged 
                                from the armed forces of the United 
                                States;
                                  ``(IV) successfully repaid a youth 
                                loan made under section 311(b); or
                                  ``(V) an established relationship 
                                with an individual participating as a 
                                counselor in a Service Corps of Retired 
                                Executives program authorized under 
                                section 8(b)(1)(B) of the Small 
                                Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(b)(1)(B)), 
                                or with a local farm or ranch operator 
                                or organization, approved by the 
                                Secretary, that is committed to 
                                mentoring the farmer or rancher; or
                          ``(ii) 1 year, if the farmer or rancher has 
                        military leadership or management experience 
                        from having completed an acceptable military 
                        leadership course; or
                  ``(B) waive the 3-year requirement in paragraph (1) 
                if the farmer or rancher--
                          ``(i) meets a requirement of subparagraph 
                        (A)(i) (other than subclause (V) thereof) and 
                        meets the requirement of subparagraph (A)(ii); 
                        and
                          ``(ii) meets the requirement of subparagraph 
                        (A)(i)(V).''.

SEC. 5102. CONSERVATION LOAN AND LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.

  Section 304(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1924(h)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``$150,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$75,000,000''; and
          (2) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 5103. FARM OWNERSHIP LOAN LIMITS.

  Section 305(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1925(a)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``$700,000'' and inserting ``$1,750,000''; 
        and
          (2) by striking ``2000'' and inserting ``2019''.

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

SEC. 5201. LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF OPERATING LOANS.

  Section 313(a)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1943(a)(1)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``$700,000'' and inserting ``$1,750,000''; 
        and
          (2) by striking ``2000'' and inserting ``2019''.

SEC. 5202. MICROLOANS.

  Section 313(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1943(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``title'' and inserting 
``subsection''.

                 Subtitle C--Administrative Provisions

SEC. 5301. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNTS 
                    PILOT PROGRAM.

  Section 333B(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1983b(h)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 5302. LOAN AUTHORIZATION LEVELS.

  Section 346(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(1)) is amended in the matter preceding subparagraph 
(A) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 5303. LOAN FUND SET-ASIDES.

  Section 346(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

 Subtitle D--Technical Corrections to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                            Development Act

SEC. 5401. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO THE CONSOLIDATED FARM AND RURAL 
                    DEVELOPMENT ACT.

  (a)(1) Section 310E(d)(3) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1935(d)(3)) is amended by inserting ``and 
socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers'' after ``ranchers'' the 
second place it appears.
  (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 5004(4)(A)(i) of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246) in lieu of 
the amendment made by such section.
  (b)(1) Section 321(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1961(a)) is amended in the second sentence by striking 
``and limited liability companies'' and inserting ``limited liability 
companies, and such other legal entities''.
  (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 5201 of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (Public Law 113-79) in lieu of the amendment made by such section.
  (c)(1) Section 331D(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1981d(e)) is amended by inserting after ``within 60 days 
after receipt of the notice required in this section'' the following: 
``or, in extraordinary circumstances as determined by the applicable 
State director, after the 60-day period''.
  (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 10 of the Agricultural Credit 
Improvement Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-554).
  (d)(1) Section 333A(f)(1)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983a(f)(1)(A)) is amended by striking 
``114'' and inserting ``339''.
  (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 14 of the Agricultural Credit 
Improvement Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-554).
  (e) Section 339(d)(3) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C.1989(d)(3)) is amended by striking ``preferred certified 
lender'' and inserting ``Preferred Certified Lender''.
  (f)(1) Section 343(a)(11)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)(C)) is amended by striking ``or 
joint operators'' and inserting ``joint operator, or owners''.
  (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as of the 
effective date of section 5303(a)(2) of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
  (g)(1) Section 343(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(b)) is amended by striking ``307(e)'' and inserting 
``307(d)''.
  (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 5004 of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (Public Law 113-79).
  (h) Section 346(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C.1994(a)) is amended by striking the last comma.

         Subtitle E--Amendments to the Farm Credit Act of 1971

SEC. 5501. ELIMINATION OF OBSOLETE REFERENCES.

  (a) Section 1.2(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2002(a)) 
is amended to read as follows:
  ``(a) Composition.--The Farm Credit System shall include the Farm 
Credit Banks, banks for cooperatives, Agricultural Credit Banks, the 
Federal land bank associations, the Federal land credit associations, 
the production credit associations, the Agricultural Credit 
Associations, the Federal Farm Credit Banks Funding Corporation, the 
Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation, service corporations 
established pursuant to section 4.25 of this Act, and such other 
institutions as may be made a part of the System, all of which shall be 
chartered by and subject to regulation by the Farm Credit 
Administration.''.
  (b) Section 2.4 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2075) is amended by striking 
subsection (d).
  (c) Section 3.0 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2121) is amended--
          (1) in the 3rd sentence, by striking ``and a Central Bank for 
        Cooperatives''; and
          (2) by striking the 5th sentence.
  (d) Section 3.2(a)(1) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2123(a)(1)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``not merged into the United Bank for 
        Cooperatives or the National Bank for Cooperatives''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following: ``Section 7.12(c) 
        shall apply to the board of directors of a merged bank for 
        cooperatives.''.
  (e) Section 3.2(a)(2)(A) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2123(a)(2)(A)) is 
amended by striking ``(other than the National Bank for 
Cooperatives)''.
  (f) Section 3.2 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2123) is amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (b);
          (2) in subsection (a)(2)(B), by striking ``paragraph'' and 
        inserting ``subsection'';
          (3) by striking ``(a)(1)'' and inserting ``(a)'';
          (4) by striking ``(2)(A)'' and inserting ``(b)(1)'';
          (5) by striking ``(i)'' and inserting ``(A)'';
          (6) by striking ``(ii)'' and inserting ``(B)''; and
          (7) by striking ``(B)'' and inserting ``(2)''.
  (g) Section 3.5 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2126) is amended by striking 
``district''.
  (h) Section 3.7(a) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2128(a)) is amended by 
striking the second sentence.
  (i) Section 3.8(b)(1)(A) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2129(b)(1)(A)) is 
amended by inserting ``(or successor agency)'' after ``Rural 
Electrification Administration''.
  (j) Section 3.9(a) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2130(a)) is amended by 
striking the 3rd sentence.
  (k) Section 3.10(c) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2131(c)) is amended by 
striking the second sentence.
  (l) Section 3.10(d) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2131(d)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``district'' each place it appears; and
          (2) by inserting ``for cooperatives or successor bank'' 
        before ``on account of such indebtedness''.
  (m) Section 3.11 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2132) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsections (b) and 
        (c)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking ``district''; and
                  (B) by striking ``Except as provided in subsection 
                (c) below, all'' and inserting ``All''; and
          (3) by striking subsection (c) and redesignating subsections 
        (d) through (f) as subsections (c) through (e), respectively.
  (n) The heading for part B of title III of such Act is amended by 
striking ``United and''.
  (o) Section 3.20(a) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2141(a)) is amended by 
striking ``or the United Bank for Cooperatives, as the case may be''.
  (p) Section 3.20(b) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2141(b)) is amended by 
striking ``the district banks for cooperatives and the Central Bank for 
Cooperatives'' and inserting ``all constituent banks referred to in 
section 413 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987''.
  (q) Section 3.21 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2142) is repealed.
  (r) Section 3.28 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2149) is amended by striking 
``a district bank for cooperatives and the Central Bank for 
Cooperatives'' and inserting ``its constituent banks referred to in 
section 413 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987''.
  (s) Section 3.29 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2150) is repealed.
  (t)(1) Section 4.0 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2151) is repealed.
  (2) Section 5.60(b) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2277a-9(b)) is amended to 
read as follows:
  ``(b) Amounts in Fund.--The Corporation shall deposit in the 
Insurance Fund all premium payments received by the Corporation under 
this part.''.
  (u)(1) Section 4.8 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2159) is amended--
          (A) by striking ``(a)''; and
          (B) by striking subsection (b).
  (2) Section 1.1(c) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2001(c)) is amended by 
striking ``including any costs of defeasance under section 4.8(b),''.
  (v) Section 4.9(d)(2) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2160(d)(2)) is amended 
to read as follows:
          ``(2) Representation on board.--The Farm Credit System 
        Insurance Corporation shall have no representation on the board 
        of directors of the Corporation.''.
  (w) Section 4.9 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2160) is amended by striking 
subsection (e) and redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
  (x) Section 4.9A(c) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2162(c)) is amended to 
read as follows:
  ``(c) Inability to Retire Stock at Par Value.--If an institution is 
unable to retire eligible borrower stock at par value due to the 
liquidation of the institution, the Farm Credit System Insurance 
Corporation, acting as receiver, shall retire such stock at par value 
as would have been retired in the ordinary course of business of the 
institution. The Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation shall make 
use of sufficient funds from the Farm Credit Insurance Fund to carry 
out this section.''.
  (y) Section 4.12A(a)(1) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2184(a)(1)) is amended 
to read as follows:
          ``(1) In general.--Every Farm Credit System bank or 
        association shall provide a current list of its stockholders, 
        within 7 calendar days after receipt of a written request by a 
        stockholder, to the requesting stockholder.''.
  (z) Section 4.14A(a) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2202a(a)) is amended by 
inserting ``and section 4.36'' after ``As used in this part''.
  (aa)(1) Section 4.14A of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2202a) is amended--
          (A) in subsection (l), by striking ``production credit''; and
          (B) by striking subsection (h) and redesignating subsections 
        (i) through (l) as subsections (h) through (k), respectively.
  (2)(A) Section 5.31 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2267) is amended by 
striking ``4.14A(i)'' and inserting ``4.14A(h)''.
  (B) Section 5.32(h) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2268(h)) is amended by 
striking ``4.14A(i)'' and inserting ``4.14A(h)''.
  (bb)(1) Section 4.14C of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2202c) is repealed.
  (2)(A) Section 4.14A(a)(5)(B)(ii)(I) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 
2202a(a)(5)(B)(ii)(I)) is amended by striking ``4.14C,''.
  (B) Section 8.9 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-9) is amended by 
striking ``4.14C,'' each place it appears.
  (cc) Section 4.17 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2205) is amended by striking 
``Federal intermediate credit banks and''.
  (dd) Section 4.19(a) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2207(a)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``district'';
          (2) by striking ``Federal land bank association and 
        production credit''; and
          (3) by striking ``units'' and inserting ``institutions''.
  (ee) Section 4.38 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2219c) is amended by 
striking ``The Assistance Board established under section 6.0 and all'' 
and inserting ``All''.
  (ff) Section 5.17(a)(2) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2252(a)(2)) is amended 
by striking the second and 3rd sentences.
  (gg) Section 5.18 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2253) is repealed.
  (hh) Section 5.19(a) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2254(a)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``Except for Federal land bank associations, 
        each'' and inserting ``Each''; and
          (2) by striking the second sentence.
  (ii) Section 5.19(b) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2254(b)) is amended--
          (1) in the second sentence of paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``except with respect to any actions taken by any banks of the 
        System under section 4.8(b),'';
          (2) by striking the third sentence of paragraph (1);
          (3) by striking ``(b)(1)'' and inserting ``(b)''; and
          (4) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3).
  (jj) Section 5.35(4) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2271(4)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (C)--
                  (A) by striking ``after December 31, 1992,''; and
                  (B) by striking ``by the Farm Credit System 
                Assistance Board under section 6.6 or''; and
          (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and redesignating 
        subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B).
  (kk) Section 5.38 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2274) is amended by striking 
``a farm credit district board, bank board, or bank officer or employee 
shall not remove any director or officer of any production credit 
association or Federal land bank association'' and inserting ``a Farm 
Credit Bank board, officer, or employee shall not remove any director 
or officer of any association''.
  (ll) Section 5.44 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2275) is repealed.
  (mm) Section 5.58(2) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2277a-7) is amended by 
striking the second sentence.
  (nn) Subtitle A of title VI of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2278a-2278a-11) is 
repealed.
  (oo) Title VI of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2278a-2278b-11) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 6.32. TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY.

  ``The authority provided in this subtitle shall terminate on December 
31, 2018.''.
  (pp) Section 7.9 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279c-2) is amended by 
striking subsection (c).
  (qq) Section 7.10(a)(4) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279d(a)(4)) is 
amended to read as follows:
          ``(4) the institution pays to the Farm Credit Insurance Fund 
        the amount by which the total capital of the institution 
        exceeds 6 percent of the assets;''.
  (rr) Section 8.0(2) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279aa(2)) is amended to 
read as follows:
          ``(2) Board.--The term `Board' means the board of directors 
        established under section 8.2.''.
  (ss)(1) Section 8.0 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279aa) is amended by 
striking paragraphs (6) and (8), and redesignating paragraphs (7), (9), 
and (10) as paragraphs (6) through (8), respectively.
  (2)(A) Section 4.39 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2219d) is amended by 
striking ``8.0(7)'' and inserting ``8.0(6)''.
  (B) Section 8.6(e)(2) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-6(e)(2)) is 
amended by striking ``8.0(9)'' and inserting ``8.0(7)''.
  (C) Section 8.11(e) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-11(e)) is amended 
by striking ``8.0(7)'' and inserting ``8.0(6)''.
  (D) Section 8.32(a)(1)(B) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-1(a)(1)(B)) 
is amended by striking ``8.0(9)(C)'' and inserting ``8.0(7)(C)''.
  (tt)(1) Section 8.2 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-2) is amended--
          (A) in subsection (b)--
                  (i) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Permanent Board'' and inserting ``Board of 
                Directors'';
                  (ii) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(1) Establishment.--The Corporation shall be under the 
        management of the Board of Directors.'';
                  (iii) by striking paragraph (3) and redesignating 
                paragraphs (4) through (10) as paragraphs (3) through 
                (9), respectively; and
                  (iv) by striking ``permanent'' each place it appears 
                in paragraphs (2), and (3) through (9) (as so 
                redesignated); and
          (B) by striking subsection (a) and redesignating subsections 
        (b) and (c) as subsections (a) and (b), respectively.
  (2) Section 8.4(a)(1) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-4) is amended--
          (A) by striking the 3rd sentence;
          (B) by inserting after the 1st sentence the following: 
        ``Voting common stock shall be offered to banks, other 
        financial entities, insurance companies, and System 
        institutions under such terms and conditions as the Board may 
        adopt. The voting stock shall be fairly and broadly offered to 
        ensure that no institution or institutions acquire a 
        disproportionate amount of the total amount of voting common 
        stock outstanding of a class and that capital contributions and 
        issuances of voting common stock for the contributions are 
        fairly distributed between entities eligible to hold Class A 
        and Class B stock, as provided under this paragraph.'';
          (C) by striking ``8.2(b)(2)(A)'' and inserting 
        ``8.2(a)(2)(A)''; and
          (D) by striking ``8.2(b)(2)(B)'' and inserting 
        ``8.2(a)(2)(B)''.
  (uu)(1) Section 8.6 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-6) is amended by 
striking subsection (d) and redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
(d).
  (2)(A) Paragraph (7)(B)(i) of section 8.0 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 
2279aa), as redesignated by subsection (ss)(1), is amended by striking 
``through (d)'' and inserting ``and (c)''.
  (B) Section 8.33(b)(2)(A) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-2(b)(2)(A)) 
is amended by striking ``8.6(e)'' and inserting ``8.6(d)''.
  (vv) Section 8.32(a) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-1(a)) is amended 
by striking ``Not sooner than the expiration of the 3-year period 
beginning on the date of enactment of the Farm Credit System Reform Act 
of 1996, the'' and inserting ``The''.
  (ww) Section 8.35 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-4) is amended by 
striking subsection (e).
  (xx) Section 8.38 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-7) is repealed.

SEC. 5502. CONFORMING REPEALS.

  (a) Sections 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 14, and 15 of the Agricultural Marketing 
Act (12 U.S.C. 1141b, 1141c, 1141d, 1141e, 1141f, 1141i, and 1141j) are 
repealed.
  (b) The Act of June 22, 1939, (Chapter 239; 53 Stat. 853; 12 U.S.C. 
1141d-1) is repealed.
  (c) Section 201 of the Emergency Relief and Construction Act of 1932 
(12 U.S.C. 1148) is repealed.
  (d) Section 2 of the Act of July 14, 1953, (Chapter 192; 67 Stat. 
150; 12 U.S.C. 1148a-4) is repealed.
  (e) Sections 32 through 34 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 U.S.C. 
1148b, 1148c, and 1148d) are repealed.
  (f) Sections 1 through 4 of the Act of March 3, 1932, (12 U.S.C. 1401 
through 1404) are repealed.

SEC. 5503. FACILITY HEADQUARTERS.

  Section 5.16 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2251) is 
amended by striking all that precedes ``to the rental of quarters'' and 
inserting the following:

``SEC. 5.16. QUARTERS AND FACILITIES FOR THE FARM CREDIT 
                    ADMINISTRATION.

  ``(a) The Farm Credit Administration shall maintain its principal 
office within the Washington D.C.-Maryland-Virginia standard 
metropolitan statistical area, and such other offices within the United 
States as in its judgment are necessary.
  ``(b) As an alternate''.

SEC. 5504. SHARING PRIVILEGED AND CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.

  Section 5.19 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2254) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(e) A System institution shall not be considered to have waived the 
confidentiality of a privileged communication with an attorney or 
accountant if the institution provides the content of the communication 
to the Farm Credit Administration pursuant to the supervisory or 
regulatory authorities of the Farm Credit Administration.''.

SEC. 5505. SCOPE OF JURISDICTION.

  Part C of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2261-
2274) is amended by inserting after section 5.31 the following:

``SEC. 5.31A. SCOPE OF JURISDICTION.

  ``(a) For purposes of sections 5.25, 5.26, and 5.33, the jurisdiction 
of the Farm Credit Administration over parties, and the authority of 
the Farm Credit Administration to initiate actions, shall include 
enforcement authority over institution-affiliated parties.
  ``(b) The resignation, termination of employment or participation, or 
separation of an institution-affiliated party (including a separation 
caused by the merger, consolidation, conservatorship, or receivership 
of a System institution) shall not affect the jurisdiction and 
authority of the Farm Credit Administration to issue any notice or 
order and proceed under this part against any such party, if the notice 
or order is served before the end of the 6-year period beginning on the 
date the party ceased to be such a party with respect to the System 
institution (whether the date occurs before, on, or after the date of 
the enactment of this section).''.

SEC. 5506. DEFINITION.

  Section 5.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2271) is 
amended--
          (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (3); and
          (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5) and 
        inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
          ``(4) the term `institution-affiliated party' means--
                  ``(A) any director, officer, employee, shareholder, 
                or agent of a System institution;
                  ``(B) any independent contractor (including any 
                attorney, appraiser, or accountant) who knowingly or 
                recklessly participates in--
                          ``(i) any violation of law (including 
                        regulations) that is associated with the 
                        operations and activities of 1 or more 
                        institutions;
                          ``(ii) any breach of fiduciary duty; or
                          ``(iii) any unsafe or unsound practice, which 
                        caused or is likely to cause more than a 
                        minimal financial loss to, or a significant 
                        adverse effect on, a System institution; and
                  ``(C) any other person, as determined by the Farm 
                Credit Administration (by regulation or on a case-by-
                case basis) who participates in the conduct of the 
                affairs of a System institution; and''.

SEC. 5507. EXPANSION OF ACREAGE EXCEPTION TO LOAN AMOUNT LIMITATION.

  (a) In General.--Section 8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
U.S.C. 2279aa-8(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``1,000'' and inserting 
``2,000''.
  (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take 
effect 1 year after the date a report submitted in accordance with 
section 5602 of this Act indicates that it is feasible to increase the 
acreage limitation in section 8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
to 2,000 acres.

SEC. 5508. COMPENSATION OF BANK DIRECTORS.

  Section 4.21 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2209) is 
repealed.

SEC. 5509. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS.

  Section 5.65 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2277a-14) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(e) Prohibition on Uses of Funds Related to Federal Agricultural 
Mortgage Corporation.--No funds from administrative accounts or from 
the Farm Credit System Insurance Fund may be used by the Corporation to 
provide assistance to the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation or 
to support any activities related to the Federal Agricultural Mortgage 
Corporation.''.

                       Subtitle F--Miscellaneous

SEC. 5601. STATE AGRICULTURAL MEDIATION PROGRAMS.

  Section 506 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5106) is 
amended by striking ``2018''and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 5602. STUDY ON LOAN RISK.

  (a) Study.--The Farm Credit Administration shall conduct a study 
that--
          (1) analyzes and compares the financial risks inherent in 
        loans made, held, securitized, or purchased by Farm Credit 
        banks, associations, and the Federal Agricultural Mortgage 
        Corporation and how such risks are required to be capitalized 
        under statute and regulations in effect as of the date of the 
        enactment of this Act; and
          (2) assesses the feasibility of increasing the acreage 
        exception provided in section 8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit Act 
        of 1971 to 2,000 acres.
  (b) Timeline.--The Farm Credit Administration shall provide the 
results of the study required by subsection (a) to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate no later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

        TITLE VI--RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

       Subtitle A--Improving Health Outcomes in Rural Communities

SEC. 6001. PRIORITIZING PROJECTS TO MEET HEALTH CRISES IN RURAL 
                    AMERICA.

  (a) Temporary Prioritization of Rural Health Assistance.--Title VI of 
the Rural Development Act of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 2204a-2204b) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 608. TEMPORARY PRIORITIZATION OF RURAL HEALTH ASSISTANCE.

  ``(a) Authority to Prioritize Certain Rural Health Applications.--The 
Secretary, after consultation with such public health officials as may 
be necessary, may announce a temporary reprioritization for certain 
rural development loan and grant applications to assist rural 
communities in responding to a specific health emergency.
  ``(b) Content of Announcement.--In the announcement, the Secretary 
shall--
          ``(1) specify the nature of the emergency affecting the heath 
        of rural Americans;
          ``(2) describe the actual and potential effects of the 
        emergency on the rural United States;
          ``(3) identify the services and treatments which can be used 
        to reduce those effects; and
          ``(4) publish the specific temporary changes needed to assist 
        rural communities in responding to the emergency
  ``(c) Notice.--Not later than 48 hours after making or extending an 
announcement under this section, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, and 
transmit to the Secretary of Health and Human Services, a written 
notice of the declaration or extension.
  ``(d) Extension.--The Secretary may extend an announcement under 
subsection (a) if the Secretary determines that the emergency will 
continue after the declaration would otherwise expire.
  ``(e) Expiration.--An announcement under subsection (a) shall expire 
on the earlier of--
          ``(1) the date the Secretary determines that the emergency 
        has ended; or
          ``(2) the end of the 360-day period beginning with the later 
        of--
                  ``(A) the date the announcement was made; or
                  ``(B) the date the announcement was most recently 
                extended.''.
  (b) Distance Learning and Telemedicine.--Section 2333(c) of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa-2(c)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) Procedure during temporary reprioritizations.--
                  ``(A) In general.--While a temporary reprioritization 
                announced under section 608 of the Rural Development 
                Act of 1972 is in effect, the Secretary shall make 
                available not less than 10 percent of the amounts made 
                available under section 2335A for financial assistance 
                under this chapter, for telemedicine services to 
                identify and treat individuals affected by the 
                emergency, subject to subparagraph (B).
                  ``(B) Exception.--In the case of a fiscal year for 
                which the Secretary determines that there are not 
                sufficient qualified applicants to receive financial 
                assistance to reach the 10-percent requirement under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may make available less 
                than 10 percent of the amounts made available under 
                section 2335A for those services.''.
  (c) Community Facilities Direct Loans and Grants.--Section 306(a) of 
the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(27) Procedure during temporary reprioritizations.--
                  ``(A) Selection priority.--While a temporary 
                reprioritization announced under section 608 of the 
                Rural Development Act of 1972 is in effect, in 
                selecting recipients of loans, loan guarantees, or 
                grants for the development of essential community 
                facilities under this section, the Secretary shall give 
                priority to entities eligible for those loans or 
                grants--
                          ``(i) to develop facilities to provide 
                        services related to reducing the effects of the 
                        health emergency, including--
                                  ``(I) prevention services;
                                  ``(II) treatment services;
                                  ``(III) recovery services; or
                                  ``(IV) any combination of those 
                                services; and
                          ``(ii) that employ staff that have 
                        appropriate expertise and training in how to 
                        identify and treat individuals affected by the 
                        emergency.
                  ``(B) Use of funds.--An eligible entity described in 
                subparagraph (A) that receives a loan or grant 
                described in that subparagraph may use the loan or 
                grant funds for the development of telehealth 
                facilities and systems to provide for treatment 
                directly related to the emergency involved.''.
  (d) Rural Health and Safety Education Programs.--
          (1) In general.--Section 502(i) of the Rural Development Act 
        of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 2662(i)) is amended--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); 
                and
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
          ``(5) Procedure during temporary reprioritizations.--While a 
        temporary reprioritization announced under section 608 of the 
        Rural Development Act of 1972 is in effect, in making grants 
        under this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to an 
        applicant that will use the grant to address the announced 
        emergency.''.
          (2) Technical amendments.--Title V of the Rural Development 
        Act of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 2661 et seq.), as amended by paragraph 
        (1) of this subsection, is amended--
                  (A) in section 502, in the matter preceding 
                subsection (a), by inserting ``(referred to in this 
                title as the `Secretary')'' after ``Agriculture''; and
                  (B) by striking ``Secretary of Agriculture'' each 
                place it appears (other than in section 502 in the 
                matter preceding subsection (a)) and inserting 
                ``Secretary''.

SEC. 6002. DISTANCE LEARNING AND TELEMEDICINE.

  (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 2335A of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa-5) is 
amended by striking ``$75,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018'' and inserting ``$82,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
through 2023''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of Public Law 102-551 (7 
U.S.C. 950aaa note) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6003. REAUTHORIZATION OF THE FARM AND RANCH STRESS ASSISTANCE 
                    NETWORK.

  Section 7522 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 5936) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``coordination with the 
        Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall make competitive 
        grants to support cooperative programs between State 
        cooperative extension services and nonprofit organizations'' 
        and inserting ``consultation with the Secretary of Health and 
        Human Services, shall make competitive grants to State 
        cooperative extension services and Indian Tribes to support 
        programs with nonprofit organizations in order'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``Internet'' 
                before ``websites'';
                  (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(2) training for individuals who may assist farmers in 
        crisis, including programs and workshops;''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``, including the 
                dissemination of information and materials'' before the 
                semicolon at the end;
          (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``to enable the State 
        cooperative extension services'' and inserting ``or Indian 
        Tribes, as applicable,'';
          (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``fiscal years'' and all 
        that follows and inserting ``fiscal years 2018 through 2023''; 
        and
          (5) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e) and 
        inserting after subsection (c) the following:
  ``(d) Oversight and Evaluation.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall review and evaluate 
the stress assistance programs carried out pursuant to this section.
          ``(1) Program review.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
        on which a grant is first provided under this section, and 
        annually thereafter, the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) review the programs funded under a grant made 
                under this section to evaluate the effectiveness of the 
                services offered through such a program, and suggest 
                alternative services not offered by such a grant 
                recipient that would be appropriate for behavioral 
                health services; and
                  ``(B) submit to the Congress, and make available on 
                the public Internet website of the Department of 
                Agriculture, a report containing the results of the 
                review conducted under subparagraph (A) and a 
                description of the services provided through programs 
                funded under such a grant.
          ``(2) Public availability.--In making the report under 
        paragraph (1) publicly available, the Secretary shall take such 
        steps as may be necessary to ensure that the report does not 
        contain any information that would identify any person who 
        received services under a program funded under a grant made 
        under this section.''.

SEC. 6004. SUPPORTING AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION HEALTH PLANS.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture may establish a loan 
program and a grant program to assist in the establishment of 
agricultural association health plans, in order to help bring new 
health options and lower priced health care coverage to rural 
Americans.
  (b) Loans.--
          (1) In general.--With respect to plan years 2019 through 
        2022, the Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Labor, may make not more than 10 loans under this 
        section, for purposes of establishing agricultural association 
        health plans, to qualified agricultural associations that have 
        not received a loan under this section.
          (2) Use of funds.--The proceeds of a loan made under this 
        section may only be used to finance costs associated with 
        establishing and carrying out an agricultural association 
        health plan.
          (3) Loan terms.--A loan made under this section shall--
                  (A) bear interest at an annual rate equivalent to the 
                cost of borrowing to the Department of the Treasury for 
                obligations of comparable maturities;
                  (B) have a term of such length, not exceeding 20 
                years, as the borrower may request;
                  (C) be in an amount not to exceed $15,000,000;
                  (D) require that the borrower submit annual audited 
                financial statements to the Secretary; and
                  (E) include any other requirements or documentation 
                the Secretary deems necessary to carry out this 
                section.
  (c) Grants.--The Secretary may make grants to agricultural trade 
associations or industry associations which have been in existence for 
at least three years prior to applying for such a grant to provide for 
technical assistance in establishing an agricultural association health 
plan.
  (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        carry out this section $65,000,000 for the period of fiscal 
        years 2019 through 2022, to be available until expended.
          (2) Reservation of funds.--Of the funds made available under 
        paragraph (1), not more than 15 percent of such funds shall be 
        made available to make grants under subsection (c).
  (e) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Agricultural association health plan.--The term 
        ``agricultural association health plan'' means a group health 
        plan within the meaning of section 733(a)(1) of the Employee 
        Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 1191b)--
                  (A) that is sponsored by a qualified agricultural 
                association; and
                  (B) with respect to which the Secretary has received 
                a letter from the relevant State insurance commissioner 
                certifying that such association may offer such plan in 
                such State.
          (2) Qualified agricultural association.--The term ``qualified 
        agricultural association'' means an association--
                  (A) composed of members that operate a farm or ranch 
                or operate an agribusiness;
                  (B) that qualifies as an association health plan 
                within the meaning of guidance or regulation issued by 
                the Department of Labor;
                  (C) that acts directly or indirectly in the interest 
                of its members in relation to the plan;
                  (D) that is able to demonstrate an ability to 
                implement and manage a group health plan; and
                  (E) that meets any other criteria the Secretary deems 
                necessary to meet the intent of this section.

     Subtitle B--Connecting Rural Americans to High Speed Broadband

SEC. 6101. ESTABLISHING FORWARD-LOOKING BROADBAND STANDARDS.

  (a) In General.--Section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 
(7 U.S.C. 950bb) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d)(1)(A), by striking clause (i) and 
        inserting the following:
                          ``(i) demonstrate the ability to furnish or 
                        improve service in order to meet the broadband 
                        service standards established under subsection 
                        (e)(1) in all or part of an unserved or 
                        underserved rural area;'';
          (2) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
                the following:
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), for purposes of 
        this section, the Secretary shall establish broadband service 
        standards for rural areas which provide for--
                  ``(A) a minimum acceptable standard of service that 
                requires the speed to be at least 25 megabits per 
                second downstream transmission capacity and 3 megabits 
                per second upstream transmission capacity; and
                  ``(B) projections of minimum acceptable standards of 
                service for 5, 10, 15, 20, and 30 years into the 
                future.
          ``(2) Adjustments.--
                  ``(A) In general.--At least once every 2 years, the 
                Secretary shall review, and may adjust through notice 
                published in the Federal Register, the broadband 
                service standards in effect under paragraph (1) to 
                encourage the delivery of high quality, cost-effective 
                broadband service in rural areas.
                  ``(B) Considerations.--In establishing and adjusting 
                the broadband service standards in effect under 
                paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider--
                          ``(i) the broadband service needs of rural 
                        families and businesses;
                          ``(ii) broadband service available to urban 
                        and suburban areas;
                          ``(iii) future technology needs of rural 
                        residents;
                          ``(iv) advances in broadband technology; and
                          ``(v) other relevant factors as determined by 
                        the Secretary.''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Agreement.--The Secretary shall not provide a loan or 
        loan guarantee under this section for a project unless the 
        Secretary determines, at the time the agreement to provide the 
        loan or loan guarantee is entered into, that, at any time while 
        the loan or loan guarantee is outstanding, the project will be 
        capable of providing broadband service at not less than the 
        minimum acceptable standard of service established under 
        paragraph (1)(B) for that time.
          ``(5) Substitute service standards for unique service 
        territories.--If an applicant shows that it would be cost 
        prohibitive to meet the minimum acceptable level of broadband 
        service established under paragraph (1)(B) for the entirety of 
        a proposed service territory due to the unique characteristics 
        of the proposed service territory, the Secretary and the 
        applicant may agree to utilize substitute standards for any 
        unserved portion of the project. Any substitute service 
        standards should continue to consider the matters described in 
        paragraph (2)(B) and reflect the best technology available to 
        meet the needs of the residents in the unserved area.''; and
          (3) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``level of 
                broadband service established under subsection (e)'' 
                and inserting ``standard of service established under 
                subsection (e)(1)(A)''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Minimum standards.--To the extent possible, the terms 
        and conditions under which a loan or loan guarantee is provided 
        to an applicant for a project shall require that, at any time 
        while the loan or loan guarantee is outstanding, the broadband 
        network provided by the project will meet the lower of--
                  ``(A) the minimum acceptable standard of service 
                projected under subsection (e)(1)(B) for that time, as 
                agreed to by the applicant at the time the loan or loan 
                guarantee is provided; or
                  ``(B) the minimum acceptable standard of service in 
                effect under subsection (e)(1)(A) for that time.''.
  (b) Report to Congress.--Within 12 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service 
(in this subsection referred to as the ``RUS'') shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
written report on the effectiveness of RUS loan and loan guarantee 
programs for the purpose of expanding broadband to rural areas (as 
defined in RUS regulations), which shall--
          (1) identify administrative and legislative options for 
        incentivizing private investment by utilizing RUS loan 
        guarantee programs for the purpose of expanding broadband to 
        rural areas;
          (2) evaluate the existing borrower and lending guidelines for 
        RUS loan and loan guarantee applicants to incentivize 
        participation in both programs;
          (3) evaluate the loan and loan guarantee application 
        processes for lenders and borrowers by eliminating burdensome 
        and unnecessary steps in the application process and providing 
        a more streamlined process to decrease the complexity of the 
        application and the timeline from application to approval or 
        denial;
          (4) identify opportunities to provide technical assistance 
        and pre-development planning activities to assist rural 
        counties and communities to assess current and future broadband 
        needs; and
          (5) identify and evaluate emerging technologies, including 
        next-generation satellite technologies, and ways to leverage 
        the technologies to provide high-speed, low-latency internet 
        connectivity to rural areas.

SEC. 6102. INCENTIVES FOR HARD TO REACH COMMUNITIES.

  Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 604. INCENTIVES FOR HARD TO REACH COMMUNITIES.

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Associated loan.--The term `associated loan' means a 
        loan or loan guarantee to finance all or part of a project 
        under title I or II or this title for which an application has 
        been submitted under such title and for which an application 
        has also been submitted for a grant under this section.
          ``(2) Density.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `density' means service 
                points per road mile.
                  ``(B) Method of calculation.--The Secretary shall 
                further define, by rule, a method for calculating 
                service points per road-mile, where appropriate by 
                geography, which--
                          ``(i) divides the total number of service 
                        points by the total number of road-miles in a 
                        proposed service territory;
                          ``(ii) requires an applicant to count all 
                        potential service points in a proposed service 
                        territory; and
                          ``(iii) includes any other requirements the 
                        Secretary deems necessary to protect the 
                        integrity of the program.
          ``(3) Eligible project.--The term `eligible project' means 
        any project for which the applicant--
                  ``(A) has submitted an application for an associated 
                loan; and
                  ``(B) does not receive any other broadband grant 
                administered by the Rural Utilities Service; and
                  ``(C) proposes to--
                          ``(i) offer retail broadband service to rural 
                        households;
                          ``(ii) serve an area with a density of less 
                        than 12;
                          ``(iii) provide service that meets the 
                        standard that would apply under section 
                        601(e)(4) if the associated loan had been 
                        applied for under section 601;
                          ``(iv) provide service in an area where no 
                        incumbent provider delivers fixed terrestrial 
                        broadband service at or above the minimum 
                        broadband speed described in section 601(e)(1); 
                        and
                          ``(v) provide service in an area where no 
                        eligible borrower, other than the applicant, 
                        has outstanding Rural Utilities Service 
                        telecommunications debt or is subject to a 
                        current Rural Utilities Service 
                        telecommunications grant agreement.
          ``(4) Service point.--The term `service point' means a home, 
        business, or institution in a proposed service area.
          ``(5) Road-mile.--The term `road-mile' means a mile of road 
        in a proposed service area.
  ``(b) Establishment of Grant Program.--The Secretary shall establish 
a competitive grant program to provide applicants funds to carry out 
eligible projects for the purposes of construction, improvement, or 
acquisition of facilities for the provision of broadband service in 
rural areas.
  ``(c) Applications.--The Secretary shall establish an application 
process for grants under this section that--
          ``(1) has 1 application window per year;
          ``(2) permits a single application for the grant and the 
        associated loan; and
          ``(3) provides a single decision to award the grant and the 
        associated loan.
  ``(d) Priority.--In making grants under this section, the Secretary 
shall prioritize applications in which the applicant proposes to--
          ``(1) provide the highest quality of service as measured by--
                  ``(A) network speed;
                  ``(B) network latency; and
                  ``(C) data allowances;
          ``(2) serve the greatest number of service points; and
          ``(3) use the greatest proportion of non-Federal dollars.
  ``(e) Amount.--The Secretary shall make each grant under this section 
in an amount that is--
          ``(1) not greater than 75 percent of the total project cost 
        with respect to an area with a density of less than 4;
          ``(2) not greater than 50 percent of the total project cost 
        with respect to an area with a density of 4 or more and not 
        more than 9; and
          ``(3) not greater than 25 percent of the total project cost 
        with respect to an area with a density of more than 9 and not 
        more than 12.
  ``(f) Terms and Conditions.--With respect to a grant provided under 
this section, the Secretary shall require that--
          ``(1) the associated loan is secured by the assets purchased 
        with funding from the grant and from the loan;
          ``(2) the agreement in which the terms of the grant are 
        established is for a period equal to the duration of the 
        associated loan; and
          ``(3) at any time at which the associated loan is 
        outstanding, the broadband service provided by the project will 
        meet the lower of the standards that would apply under section 
        601(g)(4) if the associated loan had been made under section 
        601.
  ``(g) Payment Assistance for Certain Applicants Under This Title.--
          ``(1) In general.--As part of the grant program under this 
        section, the Secretary, at the sole discretion of the 
        Secretary, may provide to applicants who are eligible borrowers 
        under this title and not eligible borrowers under title I or II 
        all or a portion of the grant funds in the form of payment 
        assistance.
          ``(2) Payment assistance.--The Secretary may provide payment 
        assistance under paragraph (1) by reducing a borrower's 
        interest rate or periodic principal payments or both.
          ``(3) Agreement on milestones and objectives.--With respect 
        to payment assistance provided under paragraph (1), before 
        entering into the agreement for the grant and associated loan 
        under which the payment assistance will be provided, the 
        applicant and the Secretary shall agree to milestones and 
        objectives of the project.
          ``(4) Condition.--The Secretary shall condition any payment 
        assistance provided under paragraph (1) on--
                  ``(A) the applicant fulfilling the terms and 
                conditions of the grant agreement under which the 
                payment assistance will be provided; and
                  ``(B) completion of the milestones and objectives 
                agreed to under paragraph (3).
          ``(5) Amendment of milestones and objectives.--The Secretary 
        and the applicant may jointly agree to amend the milestones and 
        objectives agreed to under paragraph (3).
  ``(h) Existing Projects.--The Secretary may not provide a grant under 
this section to an applicant for a project that was commenced before 
the date of the enactment of this section.
  ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $350,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 to 2023.''.

SEC. 6103. REQUIRING GUARANTEED BROADBAND LENDING.

  Section 601(c)(1) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
950bb(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``shall make or guarantee loans'' 
and inserting ``shall make loans and shall guarantee loans''.

SEC. 6104. SMART UTILITY AUTHORITY FOR BROADBAND.

  (a) Section 331 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1981) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(e)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary may allow 
a recipient of a grant, loan, or loan guarantee provided by the Office 
of Rural Development under this title to use not more than 10 percent 
of the amount so provided--
          ``(A) for any activity for which assistance may be provided 
        under section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936; or
          ``(B) to construct other broadband infrastructure.
  ``(2) Paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not apply to a recipient 
who is seeking to provide retail broadband service in any area where 
retail broadband service is available at the minimum broadband speeds, 
as defined under section 601(e) of the Rural Electrification Act of 
1936.''.
  (b) Title I of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 901-
918a) is amended by inserting after section 7 the following:

``SEC. 8. LIMITATIONS ON USE OF ASSISTANCE.

  ``(a) Subject to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the 
Secretary may allow a recipient of a grant, loan, or loan guarantee 
under this title to set aside not more than 10 percent of the amount so 
received to provide retail broadband service.
  ``(b) A recipient who sets aside funds under subsection (a) of this 
section may use the funds only in an area that is not being provided 
with the minimum acceptable level of broadband service established 
under section 601(e), unless the recipient meets the requirements of 
section 601(d).
  ``(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the ability 
of any borrower to finance or deploy services authorized under this 
title.''.

SEC. 6105. MODIFICATIONS TO THE RURAL GIGABIT PROGRAM.

  Section 603 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb-
2) is amended--
          (1) in the section heading, by striking ``rural gigabit 
        network pilot'' and inserting ``innovative broadband 
        advancement'';
          (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
        inserting ``2019 through 2023'';
          (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
          (4) by striking subsections (a) through (c) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a program to be 
known as the `Innovative Broadband Advancement Program', under which 
the Secretary may provide a grant, a loan, or both to an eligible 
entity for the purpose of demonstrating innovative broadband 
technologies or methods of broadband deployment that significantly 
decrease the cost of broadband deployment, and provide substantially 
faster broadband speeds than are available, in a rural area.
  ``(b) Rural Area.--In this section, the term `rural area' has the 
meaning provided in section 601(b)(3).
  ``(c) Eligibility.--To be eligible to obtain assistance under this 
section for a project, an entity shall--
          ``(1) submit to the Secretary an application--
                  ``(A) that describes a project designed to decrease 
                the cost of broadband deployment, and substantially 
                increase broadband speed to not less than the 20-year 
                broadband speed established by the Rural Utilities 
                Service under this title, in a rural area to be served 
                by the project; and
                  ``(B) at such time, in such manner, and containing 
                such other information as the Secretary may require;
          ``(2) demonstrate that the entity is able to carry out the 
        project; and
          ``(3) agree to complete the project build-out within 5 years 
        after the date the assistance is first provided for the 
        project.
  ``(d) Prioritization.--In awarding assistance under this section, the 
Secretary shall give priority to proposals for projects that--
          ``(1) involve partnerships between or among multiple 
        entities;
          ``(2) would provide broadband service to the greatest number 
        of rural residents at or above the minimum broadband speed 
        referred to in subsection (c)(1)(A); and
          ``(3) the Secretary determines could be replicated in rural 
        areas described in paragraph (2).''.

SEC. 6106. UNIFIED BROADBAND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

  Section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb) 
is amended--
          (1) in subsection (j)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Not later than'' and all that follows 
                through ``section'' and inserting ``Each year, the 
                Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report that 
                describes the extent of participation in the broadband 
                loan, loan guarantee, and grant programs administered 
                by the Secretary'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``loans applied for 
                and provided under this section'' and inserting 
                ``loans, loan guarantees, and grants applied for and 
                provided under the programs'';
                  (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``loan''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``loans 
                        and loan guarantees provided under this 
                        section'' and inserting ``loans, loan 
                        guarantees, and grants provided under the 
                        programs'';
                  (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``loan application 
                under this section'' and inserting ``application under 
                the programs'';
                  (E) in each of paragraphs (4) and (6), by striking 
                ``this section'' and inserting ``the programs''; and
                  (F) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) by striking ``service'' and inserting 
                        ``technology''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``(b)(1)'' and inserting 
                        ``(e)(1)''; and
          (2) in subsection (k)(2), in each of subparagraphs (A)(i) and 
        (C), by striking ``loans'' and inserting ``grants, loans,''.

SEC. 6107. IMPROVING ACCESS BY PROVIDING CERTAINTY TO BROADBAND 
                    BORROWERS.

  (a) Telephone Loan Program.--Title II of the Rural Electrification 
Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 922-928) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 208. AUTHORITY TO OBLIGATE, BUT NOT DISBURSE, FUNDS BEFORE THE 
                    COMPLETION OF REVIEWS.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may obligate, but shall not 
disburse, funds under this title for a project before the completion of 
any otherwise required environmental, historical, or other review of 
the project.
  ``(b) Authority to Deobligate Funds.--The Secretary may deobligate 
funds under this title for a project if any such review will not be 
completed within a reasonable period of time.''.
  (b) Rural Broadband Program.--Section 601(d) of the Rural 
Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb(d)) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
          ``(11) Authority to obligate, but not disburse, funds before 
        completion of reviews; authority to deobligate funds.--The 
        Secretary may obligate, but shall not disburse, funds under 
        this section for a project before the completion of any 
        otherwise required environmental, historical, or other review 
        of the project. The Secretary may deobligate funds under this 
        section for a project if any such review will not be completed 
        within a reasonable period of time.''.

SEC. 6108. SIMPLIFIED APPLICATION WINDOW.

  Section 601(c)(2)(A) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
U.S.C. 950bb(c)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``not less than 2 
evaluation periods'' and inserting ``1 evaluation period''.

SEC. 6109. ELIMINATION OF REQUIREMENT TO GIVE PRIORITY TO CERTAIN 
                    APPLICANTS.

  Section 601(c)(2) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
950bb(c)(2)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``; and'' at the end of subparagraph (C) and 
        inserting a period; and
          (2) by striking subparagraph (D).

SEC. 6110. MODIFICATION OF BUILDOUT REQUIREMENT.

  Section 601(d)(1)(A)(iii) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
U.S.C. 950bb(d)(1)(A)(iii)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``service'' and inserting ``infrastructure''; 
        and
          (2) by striking ``3'' and inserting ``5''.

SEC. 6111. IMPROVING BORROWER REFINANCING OPTIONS.

  (a) Refinancing of Broadband Loans.--Section 201 of the Rural 
Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 922) is amended by inserting 
``including indebtedness on a loan made under section 601'' after 
``furnishing telephone service in rural areas''.
  (b) Refinancing of Other Loans.--Section 601(i) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
950bb(i)) is amended by inserting ``, or on any other loan if the 
purpose for which such other loan was made is a telecommunications 
purpose for which assistance may be provided under this Act,'' before 
``if the use of''.

SEC. 6112. ELIMINATION OF UNNECESSARY REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

  Section 601(d)(8)(A)(ii) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
U.S.C. 950bb(d)(8)(A)(ii)) is amended--
          (1) in subclause (I), by striking ``and location''; and
          (2) in subclause (IV), by striking ``any changes in broadband 
        service adoption rates, including''.

SEC. 6113. ACCESS TO BROADBAND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES IN RURAL 
                    AREAS.

  Section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb) 
is amended--
          (1) in subsection (k), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
          ``(1) Limitations on authorization of appropriations.--For 
        loans and loan guarantees under this section, there is 
        authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary $150,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to remain available 
        until expended.''; and
          (2) in subsection (l), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 6114. MIDDLE MILE BROADBAND INFRASTRUCTURE.

  Section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb) 
is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``or middle mile 
        infrastructure'' before ``in rural areas'';
          (2) in subsection (b), by redesignating paragraphs (2) and 
        (3) as paragraphs (3) and (4) and inserting after paragraph (1) 
        the following:
          ``(2) Middle mile infrastructure.--The term `middle mile 
        infrastructure' means any broadband infrastructure that does 
        not connect directly to end user locations (including anchor 
        institutions) and may include interoffice transport, backhaul, 
        Internet connectivity, data centers, or special access 
        transport to rural areas.'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and to 
                construct, improve, or acquire middle mile 
                infrastructure'' before ``in rural areas'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by inserting ``, or in the 
                case of middle mile infrastructure, offer the future 
                ability to link,'' before ``the greatest proportion''; 
                and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Limitation on middle mile infrastructure projects.--The 
        Secretary shall limit loans or loan guarantees for middle mile 
        infrastructure projects to no more than 20 percent of the 
        amounts made available to carry out this section.'';
          (4) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                          (i) in clause (i) (as amended by section 
                        6101(1) of this Act), by inserting ``or extend 
                        middle mile infrastructure'' before ``in all''; 
                        and
                          (ii) in clause (iii), by inserting ``or 
                        middle mile infrastructure'' before 
                        ``described'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 
                        install middle mile infrastructure'' before 
                        ``in the proposed'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking clause 
                        (ii) and inserting the following:
                          ``(ii) Exception.--Clause (i) shall not apply 
                        with respect to a project if the project is 
                        eligible for funding under another title of 
                        this Act.''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) Exception for middle mile infrastructure.--
                Portions of a middle mile infrastructure project that 
                ultimately meet the rural service requirements of this 
                section may traverse an area not described in 
                subsection (b)(4) when necessary.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``, or construct, 
                improve, or acquire middle mile infrastructure in,'' 
                before ``a rural area'';
                  (D) in paragraph (5)(A)(v), by inserting ``or, in the 
                case of middle mile infrastructure, connect'' before 
                the semicolon; and
                  (E) in paragraph (8)(A)(ii)--
                          (i) in subclause (I), by inserting ``or may'' 
                        before ``receive'';
                          (ii) in subclause (II), by inserting ``or 
                        capability of middle mile infrastructure'' 
                        before the semicolon; and
                          (iii) in subclause (III), by inserting ``, if 
                        applicable'' before the semicolon;
          (5) in subsection (i)--
                  (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
                Middle Mile Infrastructure'' after ``Service''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``or middle mile infrastructure'' 
                before ``in rural areas''; and
          (6) in subsection (j)(6), by inserting ``or middle mile 
        infrastructure'' after ``service'' the 1st and 3rd places it 
        appears.

SEC. 6115. OUTDATED BROADBAND SYSTEMS.

  Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb et 
seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 605. OUTDATED BROADBAND SYSTEMS.

  ``Beginning October 1, 2020, the Secretary shall consider any portion 
of a service territory subject to an outstanding grant agreement 
between the Secretary and a broadband provider in which broadband 
service is not provided at at least 10 megabits per second download and 
at least 1 megabit per second upload as unserved for the purposes of 
all broadband loan programs under this Act, unless the broadband 
provider has constructed or begun to construct broadband facilities in 
the service territory that meet the minimum acceptable standard of 
service established under section 601(e)(1) for the area in which the 
service territory is located.''.

SEC. 6116. EFFECTIVE DATE.

  (a) In General.--The amendments made by this subtitle shall not take 
effect until the Secretary of Agriculture has issued final regulations 
to implement the amendments.
  (b) Deadline for Issuing Regulations.--Within 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall 
prescribe final regulations to implement the amendments made by 
sections 6101 and 6102.

        Subtitle C--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

SEC. 6201. STRENGTHENING REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT INCENTIVES.

  Section 379H of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008v) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 379H. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

  ``(a) In General.--In the case of any program as determined by the 
Secretary, the Secretary shall give priority to an application for a 
project that, as determined and approved by the Secretary--
          ``(1) meets the applicable eligibility requirements of this 
        title or other applicable authorizing law;
          ``(2) will be carried out in a rural area; and
          ``(3) supports the implementation of a strategic community 
        investment plan described in subsection (d) on a multisectoral 
        and multijurisdictional basis.
  ``(b) Reserve.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        shall reserve a portion of the funds made available for a 
        fiscal year for programs as determined by the Secretary, for 
        projects that support the implementation of a strategic 
        community investment plan described in subsection (d) on a 
        multisectoral and multijurisdictional basis.
          ``(2) Period.--The reservation of funds described in 
        paragraph (1) may only extend through a date of the fiscal year 
        in which the funds were first made available, as determined by 
        the Secretary.
  ``(c) Approved Applications.--
          ``(1) In general.--Any applicant who submitted a funding 
        application that was approved before the date of enactment of 
        this section may amend the application to qualify for the funds 
        reserved under subsection (b).
          ``(2) Rural utilities.--Any rural development application 
        authorized under section 306(a)(2), 306(a)(14), 306(a)(24), 
        306A, or 310B(b) and approved by the Secretary before the date 
        of enactment of this section shall be eligible for the funds 
        reserved under subsection (b) on the same basis as the 
        applications submitted under this section, until September 30, 
        2019.
  ``(d) Strategic Community Investment Plans.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide assistance to 
        rural communities for developing strategic community investment 
        plans.
          ``(2) Plans.--A strategic community investment plan described 
        in paragraph (1) shall include--
                  ``(A) a variety of activities designed to facilitate 
                a rural community's vision for its future;
                  ``(B) participation by multiple stakeholders, 
                including local and regional partners;
                  ``(C) leverage of applicable regional resources;
                  ``(D) investment from strategic partners, such as--
                          ``(i) private organizations;
                          ``(ii) cooperatives;
                          ``(iii) other government entities;
                          ``(iv) tribes; and
                          ``(v) philanthropic organizations;
                  ``(E) clear objectives with the ability to establish 
                measurable performance metrics;
                  ``(F) action steps for implementation; and
                  ``(G) any other elements necessary to ensure that the 
                plan results in a comprehensive and strategic approach 
                to rural economic development, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
          ``(3) Coordination.--The Secretary shall coordinate with 
        tribes and local, State, regional, and Federal partners to 
        develop strategic community investment plans under this 
        subsection.
          ``(4) Limitations on authorization of appropriations.--
                  ``(A) In general.--There is authorized to be 
                appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal years 2018 through 
                2023 to carry out this subsection.
                  ``(B) Availability.--The amounts made available to 
                carry out this subsection are authorized to remain 
                available until expended.''.

SEC. 6202. EXPANDING ACCESS TO CREDIT FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES.

  (a) Certain Programs Under the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act.--Section 343(a)(13) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(13)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (B)--
                  (A) in the heading, by striking ``and guaranteed''; 
                and
                  (B) in the text--
                          (i) by striking ``and guaranteed''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``(1), (2), and (24)'' and 
                        inserting ``(1) and (2)''; and
          (2) in subparagraph (C)--
                  (A) by striking ``and guaranteed''; and
                  (B) by striking ``(21), and (24)'' and inserting 
                ``and (21)''.
  (b) Rural Broadband Program.--Paragraph (4)(A)(ii) of section 601(b) 
of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb(b)), as 
redesignated by section 6114(2), is amended by inserting ``in the case 
of a direct loan,'' before ``a city''.

SEC. 6203. PROVIDING FOR ADDITIONAL FEES FOR GUARANTEED LOANS.

  (a) Certain Programs Under the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act.--Section 333 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (5);
          (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (6) and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(7) in the case of an insured or guaranteed loan issued or 
        modified under section 306(a), charge and collect from the 
        recipient of the insured or guaranteed loan fees in such 
        amounts as are necessary so that the sum of the total amount of 
        fees so charged in each fiscal year and the total of the 
        amounts appropriated for all such insured or guaranteed loans 
        for the fiscal year equals the subsidy cost for the insured or 
        guaranteed loans in the fiscal year.''.
  (b) Rural Broadband Program.--Section 601(c) of the Rural 
Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb(c)), as amended by section 
6114, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Fees.--In the case of a loan guarantee issued or 
        modified under this section, the Secretary shall charge and 
        collect from the recipient of the guarantee fees in such 
        amounts as are necessary so that the sum of the total amount of 
        fees so charged in each fiscal year and the total of the 
        amounts appropriated for all such loan guarantees for the 
        fiscal year equals the subsidy cost for the loan guarantees in 
        the fiscal year.''.

SEC. 6204. WATER, WASTE DISPOSAL, AND WASTEWATER FACILITY GRANTS.

  Section 306(a)(2)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(2)(B)) is amended--
          (1) in clause (iii), by striking ``$100,000'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``$200,000''; and
          (2) in clause (vii), by striking ``$30,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``$15,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 6205. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING 
                    PROGRAMS.

  (a) Section 306(a)(14)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(14)(A)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of clause (ii);
          (2) by striking the period at the end of clause (iii) and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iv) identify options to enhance long term 
                        sustainability of rural water and waste systems 
                        to include operational practices, revenue 
                        enhancements, policy revisions, partnerships, 
                        consolidation, regionalization, or contract 
                        services.''.
  (b) Section 306(a)(14)(C) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(14)(C)) is 
amended by striking ``1 nor more than 3'' and inserting ``3 nor more 
than 5''.

SEC. 6206. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER CIRCUIT RIDER PROGRAM.

  Section 306(a)(22)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(22)(B)) is amended by striking ``$20,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2014'' and inserting ``$25,000,000 for fiscal year 2018''.

SEC. 6207. TRIBAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY 
                    FACILITIES.

  Section 306(a)(25)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(25)(C)) is amended by striking ``$10,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``$5,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 6208. EMERGENCY AND IMMINENT COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE GRANT 
                    PROGRAM.

  Section 306A(i) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1926a(i)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (B) and 
        inserting the following:
                  ``(B) Release.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), funds reserved under subparagraph 
                        (A) for a fiscal year shall be reserved only 
                        until July 1 of the fiscal year.
                          ``(ii) Exception.--In response to an eligible 
                        community where the drinking water supplies are 
                        inadequate due to a natural disaster, as 
                        determined by the Secretary, including drought 
                        or severe weather, the Secretary may provide 
                        potable water under this section for an 
                        additional period not to exceed 120 days beyond 
                        the established period otherwise provided under 
                        this section, in order to protect public 
                        health.''; and
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$35,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``$27,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 6209. WATER SYSTEMS FOR RURAL AND NATIVE VILLAGES IN ALASKA.

  Section 306D(d)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1926d(d)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6210. HOUSEHOLD WATER WELL SYSTEMS.

  Section 306E(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1926e(d)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6211. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT GRANTS.

  Section 310B(b)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6212. RURAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

  Section 310B(c)(4)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6213. RURAL COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

  (a) In General.--Section 310B(e)(13) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(e)(13)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
  (b) Technical Correction.--Section 310B(e)(11)(B)(i) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 
1932(e)(11)(B)(i)) is amended by striking ``(12)'' and inserting 
``(13)''.

SEC. 6214. LOCALLY OR REGIONALLY PRODUCED AGRICULTURAL FOOD PRODUCTS.

  Section 310B(g)(9)(B)(iv)(I) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(9)(B)(iv)(I)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6215. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR RURAL AREAS PROGRAM.

  Section 310B(i)(4) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(i)(4)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6216. RURAL ECONOMIC AREA PARTNERSHIP ZONES.

  Section 310B(j) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1932(j)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6217. INTERMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.

  Section 310H(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1936b(e)) is amended by striking ``$25,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$10,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 6218. EXCLUSION OF PRISON POPULATIONS FROM DEFINITION OF RURAL 
                    AREA.

  Section 343(a)(13) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(13) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(G)'' and inserting 
        ``(H)''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(H) Exclusion of populations incarcerated on a 
                long-term basis.--Populations of individuals 
                incarcerated on a long-term or regional basis shall not 
                be included in determining whether an area is `rural' 
                or a `rural area'.''.

SEC. 6219. NATIONAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP.

  Section 378 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008m) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
          (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 6220. GRANTS FOR NOAA WEATHER RADIO TRANSMITTERS.

  Section 379B(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008p(d)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6221. RURAL MICROENTREPRENEUR ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

  Section 379E(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008s(d)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(d) Funding.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
this section $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 6222. HEALTH CARE SERVICES.

  Section 379G(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008u(e)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6223. DELTA REGIONAL AUTHORITY.

  (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 382M(a) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 (U.S.C. 2009aa-12(a)) is 
amended by striking ``2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 
2023''.
  (b) Termination of Authority.--Section 382N of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
2009aa-13) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6224. NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS REGIONAL AUTHORITY.

  (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 383N(a) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-12(a)) is 
amended by striking ``$30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 
2018'' and inserting ``$2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
2023''.
  (b) Termination of Authority.--Section 383O of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
2009bb-13) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6225. RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT PROGRAM.

  Section 384S of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2009cc-18) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

             Subtitle D--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

SEC. 6301. GUARANTEES FOR BONDS AND NOTES ISSUED FOR ELECTRIFICATION OR 
                    TELEPHONE PURPOSES.

  Section 313A(f) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940c-1(f)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6302. EXPANSION OF 911 ACCESS.

  Section 315(d) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940e(d)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6303. IMPROVEMENTS TO THE GUARANTEED UNDERWRITER PROGRAM.

  (a) Section 313A of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940c-1) is amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
  ``(a) Guarantees.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary 
        shall guarantee payments on bonds or notes issued by 
        cooperative or other lenders organized on a not-for-profit 
        basis, if the proceeds of the bonds or notes are used to make 
        utility infrastructure loans, or refinance bonds or notes 
        issued for such purposes, to a borrower that has at any time 
        received, or is eligible to receive, a loan under this Act.
          ``(2) Terms.--A bond or note guaranteed under this section 
        shall--
                  ``(A) have a term of 35 years; and
                  ``(B) by agreement between the Secretary and the 
                borrower, be repaid by the borrower by--
                          ``(i) periodic installments of principal and 
                        interest;
                          ``(ii) periodic installments of interest and, 
                        at the end of the term of the bond or note, by 
                        the repayment of the outstanding principal; or
                          ``(iii) a combination of the methods for 
                        repayment provided under clauses (i) and 
                        (ii).''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``for eligible 
                electrification or telephone purposes consistent with 
                this Act'' and inserting ``to borrowers described in 
                subsection (a)''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``for 
                        electrification or telephone purposes'' and 
                        inserting ``to borrowers under this Act''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``for 
                        eligible purposes described in subsection (a)'' 
                        and inserting ``to borrowers described in 
                        subsection (a)''.
  (b)(1) The Secretary shall carry out section 313A of the Rural 
Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 940c-1), including the amendments 
made by this section, under a Notice of Solicitation of Applications 
until all regulations necessary to carry out the amendments made by 
this section are fully implemented.
  (2) Paragraph (1) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 6304. EXTENSION OF THE RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT LOAN AND GRANT 
                    PROGRAM.

  (a) Section 12(b)(3)(D) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
U.S.C. 912(b)(3)(D)) is amended by striking ``313(b)(2)(A)'' and 
inserting ``313(b)(2)''.
  (b) Section 313(b)(2) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 940c(b)(2)) is amended--
          (1) by striking all that precedes ``shall maintain'' and 
        inserting the following:
          ``(2) Rural economic development subaccount.--The 
        Secretary''; and
          (2) by striking subparagraphs (B) through (E).
  (c) Title III of such Act (7 U.S.C. 931-940h) is amended by inserting 
after section 313A the following:

``SEC. 313B. RURAL DEVELOPMENT LOANS AND GRANTS.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall provide grants or zero 
interest loans to borrowers under this Act for the purpose of promoting 
rural economic development and job creation projects, including funding 
for project feasibility studies, start-up costs, incubator projects, 
and other reasonable expenses for the purpose of fostering rural 
development.
  ``(b) Repayments.--In the case of zero interest loans, the Secretary 
shall establish such reasonable repayment terms as will encourage 
borrower participation.
  ``(c) Proceeds.--All proceeds from the repayment of such loans made 
under this section shall be returned to the subaccount that the 
Secretary shall maintain in accordance with sections 313(b)(2) and 
313B(f).
  ``(d) Number of Grants.--Loans and grants required under this section 
shall be made during each fiscal year to the full extent of the amounts 
made available under subsection (e).
  ``(e) Funding.--
          ``(1) Discretionary funding.--In addition to other funds that 
        are available to carry out this section, there is authorized to 
        be appropriated not more than $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2019 through 2023 to carry out this section, to remain 
        available until expended.
          ``(2) Other funds.--In addition to the funds described in 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall use to provide grants and 
        loans under this section--
                  ``(A) the interest differential sums credited to the 
                subaccount described in subsection (c); and
                  ``(B) subject to section 313A(e)(2), the fees 
                described in subsection (c)(4) of such section.
  ``(f) Maintenance of Account.--The Secretary shall maintain the 
subaccount described in section 313(b)(2), as in effect in fiscal year 
2017, for purposes of carrying out this section.''.
  (d) Section 313A of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940c-1) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (c)(4)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``maintained 
                under section 313(b)(2)(A)'' and inserting ``that shall 
                be maintained as required by sections 313(b)(2) and 
                313B(f)''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``313(b)(2)(B)'' 
                and inserting ``313(b)(2)''; and
          (2) in subsection (e)(2), by striking `` maintained under 
        section 313(b)(2)(A)'' and inserting ``required to be 
        maintained by sections 313(b)(2) and 313B(f)''.
  (e)(1) Subject to section 313B(e) of the Rural Electrification Act of 
1936 (as added by this section), the Secretary of Agriculture shall 
carry out the loan and grant program required under such section in the 
same manner as the loan and grant program under section 313(b)(2) of 
such Act is carried out on the day before the date of the enactment of 
this Act, until such time as any regulations necessary to carry out the 
amendments made by this section are fully implemented.
  (2) Paragraph (1) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

       Subtitle E--Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002

SEC. 6401. RURAL ENERGY SAVINGS PROGRAM.

  Section 6407 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
U.S.C. 8107a) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (7) as 
                paragraphs (5) through (8), respectively;
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
          ``(4) Eligibility for other loans.--The Secretary shall not 
        include any debt incurred under this section in the calculation 
        of a borrower's debt-equity ratio for purposes of eligibility 
        for loans made pursuant to the Rural Electrification Act of 
        1936 (7 U.S.C. 901 et. seq.).''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(9) Accounting.--The Secretary shall take appropriate steps 
        to streamline the accounting requirements imposed on borrowers 
        under this section while maintaining adequate assurances of 
        repayment of the loan.'';
          (2) in subsection (d)(1)(A), by striking ``3 percent'' and 
        inserting ``5 percent'';
          (3) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (i);
          (4) by inserting after subsection (g) the following:
  ``(h) Report to Congress.--Not later than 120 days after the end of 
each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Agriculture and Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the 
Committees on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and Appropriations 
of the Senate a report that describes--
          ``(1) the number of applications received under this section 
        in such fiscal year;
          ``(2) the number of loans made to eligible entities under 
        this section in such fiscal year; and
          ``(3) the recipients of such loans.''; and
          (5) in subsection (i), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6402. BIOBASED MARKETS PROGRAM.

  Section 9002 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
U.S.C. 8102) is amended--
          (1) by amending subsection (i) to read as follows:
  ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2023.''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(k) Wood and Wood-based Products.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, a Federal agency may not place limitations on the 
procurement of wood and wood-based products that are more limiting than 
those in this section.''.

SEC. 6403. BIOREFINERY, RENEWABLE, CHEMICAL, AND BIOBASED PRODUCT 
                    MANUFACTURING ASSISTANCE.

  Section 9003 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
U.S.C. 8103) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)(3)(A), by striking ``and'' at the end 
        and inserting ``or''; and
          (2) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:
  ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $75,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2023.''.

SEC. 6404. REPOWERING ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

  Section 9004(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8104(d)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2023.''.

SEC. 6405. BIOENERGY PROGRAM FOR ADVANCED BIOFUELS.

  Section 9005 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
U.S.C. 8105) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) by striking ``The Secretary may'' and inserting 
                the following new paragraph:
          ``(1) Amount.--The Secretary shall''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(2) Feedstock.--The total amount of payments made in a 
        fiscal year under this section to one or more eligible 
        producers for the production of advanced biofuels derived from 
        a single eligible commodity shall not exceed one-third of the 
        total amount of funds made available under subsection (g).''; 
        and
          (2) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
                the following new paragraph:
          ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $50,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''; and
                  (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).

SEC. 6406. BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM.

  Section 9006(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8106(d)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 6407. RURAL ENERGY FOR AMERICA PROGRAM.

  Section 9007(g) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8107(g)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(E), by striking ``for fiscal year 2014 
        and each fiscal year thereafter'' and inserting ``for each of 
        the fiscal years 2014 through 2018''; and
          (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 6408. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR GRANTS AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE 
                    MADE UNDER THE RURAL ENERGY FOR AMERICA PROGRAM.

  Section 9007 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
U.S.C. 8107) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(h) Categorical Exclusion.--The provision of a grant or financial 
assistance under this section to any electric generating facility, 
including one fueled with wind, solar, or biomass, that has a rating of 
10 average megawatts or less is a category of actions hereby designated 
as being categorically excluded from any requirement to prepare an 
environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under 
section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4332).''.

SEC. 6409. RURAL ENERGY SELF-SUFFICIENCY INITIATIVE.

  Section 9009 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
U.S.C. 8109) is repealed.

SEC. 6410. FEEDSTOCK FLEXIBILITY.

  Section 9010(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8110(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
          (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 6411. BIOMASS CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

  Section 9011(f) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8111(f)) is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
the following new paragraph:
          ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $25,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

                       Subtitle F--Miscellaneous

SEC. 6501. VALUE-ADDED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT MARKET DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

  Section 231(b)(7) of the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000 (7 
U.S.C. 1632a(b)(7)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$40,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``$50,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''; and
          (2) by striking subparagraph (A) and redesignating 
        subparagraphs (B) and (C) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), 
        respectively.

SEC. 6502. AGRICULTURE INNOVATION CENTER DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

  Section 6402(i) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 1632b(i)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6503. REGIONAL ECONOMIC AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT 
                    COMMISSIONS.

  Section 15751(a) of title 40, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6504. DEFINITION OF RURAL AREA FOR PURPOSES OF THE HOUSING ACT OF 
                    1949.

  The second sentence of section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 
U.S.C. 1490) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``or 2010 decennial census'' and inserting 
        ``2010, or 2020 decennial census'';
          (2) by striking ``December 31, 2010,'' and inserting 
        ``December 31, 2020,'' ; and
          (3) by striking ``year 2020'' and inserting ``year 2030''.

                      Subtitle G--Program Repeals

SEC. 6601. ELIMINATION OF UNFUNDED PROGRAMS.

  (a) Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act.--
          (1) Repealers.--The following provisions of the Consolidated 
        Farm and Rural Development Act are hereby repealed:
                  (A) Section 306(a)(23) (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(23)).
                  (B) Section 310B(f) (7 U.S.C. 1932(f)).
                  (C) Section 379 (7 U.S.C. 2008n).
                  (D) Section 379A (7 U.S.C. 2008o).
                  (E) Section 379C (7 U.S.C. 2008q).
                  (F) Section 379D (7 U.S.C. 2008r).
                  (G) Section 379F (7 U.S.C. 2008t).
                  (H) Subtitle I (7 U.S.C. 2009dd-2009dd-7).
          (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 333A(h) of such Act (7 
        U.S.C. 1983a(h)) is amended by striking ``310B(f),''.
  (b) Rural Electrification Act of 1936.--
          (1) In general.--The following provisions of the Rural 
        Electrification Act of 1936 are hereby repealed:
                  (A) Section 314 (7 U.S.C. 940d).
                  (B) Section 602 (7 U.S.C. 950bb-1).
          (2) Conforming amendment.--Sections 604 and 605 of such Act, 
        as added by sections 6102 and 6115 of this Act, are 
        redesignated as sections 602 and 604, respectively, and section 
        602 (as so redesignated) is transferred to just after section 
        601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936.

SEC. 6602. REPEAL OF RURAL TELEPHONE BANK.

  (a) Repeal.--Title IV of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
U.S.C. 941-950b) is repealed.
  (b) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Section 18 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 918) is amended in each 
        of subsections (a) and (b) by striking ``and the Governor of 
        the telephone bank''.
          (2) Section 204 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 925) is amended by 
        striking ``and the Governor of the telephone bank''.
          (3) Section 205(a) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 926) is amended--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``and the Governor of the telephone bank''; 
                and
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or the Governor 
                of the telephone bank''.
          (4) Section 206(a) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 927(a)) is amended--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``and the Governor of the telephone bank''; 
                and
                  (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``or 408''.
          (5) Section 206(b) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 927(b)) is amended--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``and the Governor of the telephone bank'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, or a Rural 
                Telephone Bank loan,''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``, the Rural 
                Telephone Bank,''.
          (6) Section 207(1) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 928(1)) is amended--
                  (A) by striking ``305,'' and inserting `` 305 or''; 
                and
                  (B) by striking ``, or a loan under section 408,''.
          (7) Section 301 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 931) is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``except for net 
                collection proceeds previously appropriated for the 
                purchase of class A stock in the Rural Telephone 
                Bank,'';
                  (B) by adding ``or'' at the end of paragraph (4);
                  (C) by striking ``; and'' at the end of paragraph (5) 
                and inserting a period; and
                  (D) by striking paragraph (6).
          (8) Section 305(d)(2)(B) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 935(d)(2)(B)) 
        is amended--
                  (A) in clause (i), by striking ``and a loan under 
                section 408''; and
                  (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``and under section 
                408'' each place it appears.
          (9) Section 305(d)(3)(C) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 935(d)(3)(C)) 
        is amended by striking ``and section 408(b)(4)(C), the 
        Secretary and the Governor of the telephone bank'' and 
        inserting ``the Secretary''.
          (10) Section 306 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 936) is amended by 
        striking ``the Rural Telephone Bank, National Rural Utilities 
        Cooperative Finance Corporation,'' and inserting ``the National 
        Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation''.
          (11) Section 309 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 739) is amended by 
        striking the last sentence.
          (12) Section 2352(b) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
        and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 901 note) is amended by 
        striking ``the Rural Telephone Bank and''.
          (13) The first section of Public Law 92-12 (7 U.S.C. 921a) is 
        repealed.
          (14) The first section of Public Law 92-324 (7 U.S.C. 921b) 
        is repealed.
          (15) Section 1414 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 
        1987 (7 U.S.C. 944a) is repealed.
          (16) Section 1411 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 
        1987 (7 U.S.C. 948 notes) is amended by striking subsections 
        (a) and (b).
          (17) Section 3.8(b)(1)(A) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2129(b)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ``or a loan or 
        loan commitment from the Rural Telephone Bank,''.
          (18) Section 105(d) of the National Consumer Cooperative Bank 
        Act (12 U.S.C. 3015(d)) is amended by striking ``the Rural 
        Telephone Bank,''.
          (19) Section 9101 of title 31, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (H) 
                and redesignating subparagraphs (I), (J), and (K) as 
                subparagraphs (H), (I), and (J), respectively; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraph (K) 
                and redesignating subparagraphs (L) through (R) as 
                subparagraphs (K) through (P), respectively.
          (20) Section 9108(d)(2) of title 31, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``the Rural Telephone Bank (when the 
        ownership, control, and operation of the Bank are converted 
        under section 410(a) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 
        (7 U.S.C. 950(a))),''.

SEC. 6603. AMENDMENTS TO LOCAL TV ACT.

  The Launching Our Communities' Access to Local Television Act of 2000 
(title X of H.R. 5548 of the 106th Congress, as enacted by section 
1(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-128) is amended--
          (1) by striking the title heading and inserting the 
        following:

       ``TITLE X--SATELLITE CARRIER RETRANSMISSION ELIGIBILITY'';

          (2) by striking sections 1001 through 1007 and 1009 through 
        1012; and
          (3) by redesignating section 1008 as section 1001.

                   Subtitle H--Technical Corrections

SEC. 6701. CORRECTIONS RELATING TO THE CONSOLIDATED FARM AND RURAL 
                    DEVELOPMENT ACT.

  (a)(1) Section 306(a)(19)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(19)(A)) is amended by inserting after 
``nonprofit corporations'' the following: ``, Indian tribes (as defined 
in section 4(e) of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
Assistance Act)''.
  (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in section 773 of the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and 
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 
(H.R. 5426 of the 106th Congress, as enacted by Public Law 106-387 (114 
Stat. 1549A-45)) in lieu of the amendment made by such section.
  (b)(1) Section 309A(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1929a(b)) is amended by striking ``and section 308''.
  (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 661(c)(2) of the Federal 
Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-127).
  (c) Section 310B(c)(3)(A)(v) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(c)(3)(A)(v)) is amended by striking 
``and'' after the semicolon and inserting ``or''.
  (d)(1) Section 310B(e)(5)(F) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(e)(5)(F)) is amended by inserting ``, 
except that the Secretary shall not require non-Federal financial 
support in an amount that is greater than 5 percent in the case of a 
1994 institution (as defined in section 532 of the Equity in 
Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public 
Law 103-382))'' before the period at the end.
  (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 6015 of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171).
  (e)(1) Section 381E(d)(3) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009d(d)(3)) is amended by striking 
subparagraph (A) and redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as 
subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively.
  (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 6012(b) of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (Public Law 113-79).
  (f)(1) Section 382A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 2009aa) is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the State 
        of Alabama shall be a full member of the Delta Regional 
        Authority and shall be entitled to all rights and privileges 
        that said membership affords to all other participating States 
        in the Delta Regional Authority.''.
  (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 153(b) of division B of H.R. 5666, 
as introduced in the 106th Congress, and as enacted by section 1(4) of 
the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2001 (Appendix D of Public Law 
106-554; 114 Stat. 2763A-252).
  (g) Section 382E(a)(1)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C.2009aa-4(a)(1)(B)) is amended by moving clause 
(iv) 2 ems to the right.
  (h) Section 383G(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-5(c)) is amended--
          (1) in the subsection heading by striking ``Telecommunication 
        Renewable Energy,,'' and inserting ``Telecommunication, 
        Renewable Energy,''; and
          (2) in the text, by striking ``,,'' and inserting a comma.

SEC. 6702. CORRECTIONS RELATING TO THE RURAL ELECTRIFICATION ACT OF 
                    1936.

  (a) Section 201 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
922) is amended in the 3rd sentence by striking ``wildest'' and 
inserting ``widest''.
  (b)(1) Section 601(d)(8)(A)(ii)(V) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
950bb(d)(8)(A)(ii)(V)) is amended by striking the semicolon and 
inserting a period.
  (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 6104(a)(2)(E) of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79).

          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

SEC. 7101. INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURE RESEARCH.

  Section 1402 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3101) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the end;
          (2) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(9) support international scientific collaboration that 
        leverages resources and advances the food and agricultural 
        interests of the United States.''.

SEC. 7102. MATTERS RELATED TO CERTAIN SCHOOL DESIGNATIONS AND 
                    DECLARATIONS.

  (a) Study of Food and Agricultural Sciences.--
          (1) Amendment.--Section 1404(14) of the National Agricultural 
        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
        3103(14)) is amended--
                  (A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
                  ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) Definition.--The terms `NLGCA 
                        Institution' and `non-land-grant college of 
                        agriculture' mean a public college or 
                        university offering a baccalaureate or higher 
                        degree in the study of agricultural sciences, 
                        forestry, or both in any area of study 
                        specified in clause (ii).
                          ``(ii) Clarification.--For purposes of clause 
                        (i), an area of study specified in this clause 
                        is any of the following:
                                  ``(I) Agriculture.
                                  ``(II) Agricultural business and 
                                management.
                                  ``(III) Agricultural economics.
                                  ``(IV) Agricultural mechanization.
                                  ``(V) Agricultural production 
                                operations.
                                  ``(VI) Aquaculture.
                                  ``(VII) Agricultural and food 
                                products processing.
                                  ``(VIII) Agricultural and domestic 
                                animal services.
                                  ``(IX) Equestrian or equine studies.
                                  ``(X) Applied horticulture or 
                                horticulture operations.
                                  ``(XI) Ornamental horticulture.
                                  ``(XII) Greenhouse operations and 
                                management.
                                  ``(XIII) Turf and turfgrass 
                                management.
                                  ``(XIV) Plant nursery operations and 
                                management.
                                  ``(XV) Floriculture or floristry 
                                operations and management.
                                  ``(XVI) International agriculture.
                                  ``(XVII) Agricultural public 
                                services.
                                  ``(XVIII) Agricultural and extension 
                                education services.
                                  ``(XIX) Agricultural communication or 
                                agricultural journalism.
                                  ``(XX) Animal sciences.
                                  ``(XXI) Food science.
                                  ``(XXII) Plant sciences.
                                  ``(XXIII) Soil sciences.
                                  ``(XXIV) Forestry.
                                  ``(XXV) Forest sciences and biology.
                                  ``(XXVI) Natural resources or 
                                conservation.
                                  ``(XXVII) Natural resources 
                                management and policy.
                                  ``(XXVIII) Natural resource 
                                economics.
                                  ``(XXIX) Urban forestry.
                                  ``(XXX) Wood science and wood 
                                products or pulp or paper technology.
                                  ``(XXXI) Range science and 
                                management.
                                  ``(XXXII) Agricultural 
                                engineering.''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        inserting ``any institution designated under'' 
                        after ``include'';
                          (ii) by striking clause (i); and
                          (iii) in clause (ii)--
                                  (I) by striking ``(ii) any 
                                institution designated under--'';
                                  (II) by striking subclause (IV);
                                  (III) in subclause (II), by adding 
                                ``or'' at the end;
                                  (IV) in subclause (III), by striking 
                                ``; or'' at the end and inserting a 
                                period; and
                                  (V) by redesignating subclauses (I), 
                                (II), and (III) (as so amended) as 
                                clauses (i), (ii), and (iii), 
                                respectively, and by moving the margins 
                                of such clauses (as so redesignated) 
                                two ems to the left.
          (2) Designation review.--
                  (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
                establish a process to review each designated NLGCA 
                Institution (as defined in section 1404(14)(A) of the 
                National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103(14)(A))) to ensure 
                compliance with such section, as amended by this 
                subsection.
                  (B) Violation.--An NLGCA Institution that the 
                Secretary determines under subparagraph (A) to be not 
                in compliance shall have the designation of such 
                institution revoked.
  (b) Termination of Certain Declarations of Intent.--Section 1404 of 
the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act 
of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (5)(B), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
          (2) in paragraph (10)(C), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 7103. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, EDUCATION, AND 
                    ECONOMICS ADVISORY BOARD.

  Section 1408 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``25'' and 
                inserting ``15''; and
                  (B) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
          ``(3) Membership categories.--The Advisory Board shall 
        consist of members from each of the following categories:
                  ``(A) 3 members representing national farm or 
                producer organizations, which may include members--
                          ``(i) representing farm cooperatives;
                          ``(ii) who are producers actively engaged in 
                        the production of a food animal commodity and 
                        who are recommended by a coalition of national 
                        livestock organizations;
                          ``(iii) who are producers actively engaged in 
                        the production of a plant commodity and who are 
                        recommended by a coalition of national crop 
                        organizations; or
                          ``(iv) who are producers actively engaged in 
                        aquaculture and who are recommended by a 
                        coalition of national aquacultural 
                        organizations.
                  ``(B) 2 members representing academic or research 
                societies, which may include members representing--
                          ``(i) a national food animal science society;
                          ``(ii) a national crop, soil, agronomy, 
                        horticulture, plant pathology, or weed science 
                        society;
                          ``(iii) a national food science organization;
                          ``(iv) a national human health association; 
                        or
                          ``(v) a national nutritional science society.
                  ``(C) 5 members representing agricultural research, 
                extension, and education, which shall include each of 
                the following:
                          ``(i) 1 member representing the land-grant 
                        colleges and universities eligible to receive 
                        funds under the Act of July 2, 1862 (7 U.S.C. 
                        301 et seq.).
                          ``(ii) 1 member representing the land-grant 
                        colleges and universities eligible to receive 
                        funds under the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 
                        U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including Tuskegee 
                        University.
                          ``(iii) 1 member representing the 1994 
                        Institutions (as defined in section 532 of the 
                        Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 
                        1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-382)).
                          ``(iv) 1 member representing NLGCA 
                        Institutions or Hispanic-serving institutions.
                          ``(v) 1 member representing the American 
                        Colleges of Veterinary Medicine.
                  ``(D) 5 members representing industry, consumer, or 
                rural interests, including members representing--
                          ``(i) entities engaged in transportation of 
                        food and agricultural products to domestic and 
                        foreign markets;
                          ``(ii) food retailing and marketing 
                        interests;
                          ``(iii) food and fiber processors;
                          ``(iv) rural economic development interests;
                          ``(v) a national consumer interest group;
                          ``(vi) a national forestry group;
                          ``(vii) a national conservation or natural 
                        resource group;
                          ``(viii) a national social science 
                        association; or
                          ``(ix) private sector organizations involved 
                        in international development.'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                        by striking ``review and'' and inserting ``make 
                        recommendations, review, and'';
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
                        inserting the following new subparagraph:
                  ``(A) long-term and short-term national policies and 
                priorities consistent with the--
                          ``(i) purposes specified in section 1402 for 
                        agricultural research, extension, education, 
                        and economics; and
                          ``(ii) priority areas of the Agriculture and 
                        Food Research Initiative specified in 
                        subsection (b)(2) of the Competitive, Special, 
                        and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
                        3157(b)(2));''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking clause 
                        (i) and inserting the following new clause:
                          ``(i) are in accordance with the--
                                  ``(I) purposes specified in a 
                                provision of a covered law (as defined 
                                in subsection (d) of section 1492) 
                                under which competitive grants 
                                (described in subsection (c) of such 
                                section) are awarded; and
                                  ``(II) priority areas of the 
                                Agriculture and Food Research 
                                Initiative specified in subsection 
                                (b)(2) of the Competitive, Special, and 
                                Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
                                3157(b)(2)); and'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and make 
                recommendations to the Secretary based on such 
                evaluation'' after ``priorities''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``and make 
                recommendations on'' after ``review''; and
          (3) in subsection (h), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 7104. SPECIALTY CROP COMMITTEE.

  Section 1408A(a)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a(a)(2)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``speciality'' and 
        inserting ``specialty'';
          (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
                ``9'' and inserting ``11''; and
                  (B) in clause (i), by striking ``Three'' and 
                inserting ``Five''; and
          (3) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 7105. RENEWABLE ENERGY COMMITTEE DISCONTINUED.

  Subtitle B of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3121 et seq.) is amended by 
striking section 1408B. 

SEC. 7106. REPORT ON ALLOCATIONS AND MATCHING FUNDS FOR 1890 
                    INSTITUTIONS.

  The Secretary of Agriculture shall annually transmit to Congress a 
report on the allocations made to, and matching funds received by, 
eligible institutions pursuant to sections 1444 and 1445 of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
1977 (7 U.S.C. 3221, 3222).

SEC. 7107. GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SCIENCES 
                    EDUCATION.

  Section 1417(m)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3152(m)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7108. AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD POLICY RESEARCH CENTERS.

  Section 1419A(e) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3155(e)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7109. EDUCATION GRANTS TO ALASKA NATIVE SERVING INSTITUTIONS AND 
                    NATIVE HAWAIIAN SERVING INSTITUTIONS.

  Section 1419B of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3156) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 7110. REPEAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION PROGRAM.

  The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 is amended by striking section 1425 (7 U.S.C. 3175).

SEC. 7111. CONTINUING ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

  Section 1433(c)(1) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3195(c)(1)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7112. EXTENSION CARRYOVER AT 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGES, INCLUDING 
                    TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY.

  Effective on October 1, 2018, section 1444(a) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3221(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (4).

SEC. 7113. SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDENTS AT 1890 INSTITUTIONS.

  Subtitle G of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 is amended by inserting after section 1445 
(7 U.S.C. 3222) the following new section:

``SEC. 1446. SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDENTS AT 1890 INSTITUTIONS.

  ``(a) In General.--
          ``(1) Scholarship grant program established.--The Secretary 
        shall establish and carry out a grant program to make grants to 
        each college or university eligible to receive funds under the 
        Act of August 30, 1890 (commonly known as the Second Morrill 
        Act; 7 U.S.C. 322 et seq.), including Tuskegee University, for 
        purposes of awarding scholarships to individuals who--
                  ``(A) have been accepted for admission at such 
                college or university;
                  ``(B) will be enrolled at such college or university 
                not later than one year after the date of such 
                acceptance; and
                  ``(C) intend to pursue a career in the food and 
                agricultural sciences, including a career in--
                          ``(i) agribusiness;
                          ``(ii) energy and renewable fuels; or
                          ``(iii) financial management.
          ``(2) Amount of grant.--Each grant made under this section 
        shall be in the amount of $1,000,000.
  ``(b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $19,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 7114. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD SCIENCES FACILITIES 
                    AT 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGES, INCLUDING TUSKEGEE 
                    UNIVERSITY.

  Section 1447(b) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b(b)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7115. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SCIENCES FACILITIES 
                    AND EQUIPMENT AT INSULAR AREA LAND-GRANT 
                    INSTITUTIONS.

  Section 1447B(d) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-2(d)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7116. HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTIONS.

  Section 1455(c) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3241(c)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7117. LAND-GRANT DESIGNATION.

  Subtitle C of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3151 et seq.) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 1419C. LAND-GRANT DESIGNATION.

  ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this section, no additional 
entity may be designated as eligible to receive funds under a covered 
program.
  ``(b) State Funding.--No State shall receive an increase in funding 
under a covered program as a result of the State's designation of 
additional entities as eligible to receive such funding.
  ``(c) Covered Program Defined.--For purposes of this section, the 
term `covered program' means agricultural research, extension, 
education, and related programs or grants established or available 
under any of the following:
          ``(1) Subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 3 of the 
        Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 343).
          ``(2) The Hatch Act of 1887 (7 U.S.C. 361a et seq.).
          ``(3) Sections 1444, 1445, and 1447 of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3221; 3222; 3222b).
          ``(4) Public Law 87-788 (commonly known as the McIntire-
        Stennis Cooperative Forestry Act; 16 U.S.C. 582a et seq.).
  ``(d) Exception.--Nothing in this section shall be construed as 
limiting eligibility for a capacity and infrastructure program 
specified in section 251(f)(1)(C) of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(C)) that is not a 
covered program. ''.

SEC. 7118. COMPETITIVE GRANTS FOR INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE 
                    AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

  Section 1459A(c)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3292b(c)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7119. LIMITATION ON INDIRECT COSTS FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, 
                    EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION PROGRAMS.

  Section 1462 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3310) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``22 percent'' and 
        inserting ``30 percent''; 
          (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Subsection (a)'' and 
        inserting ``Subsections (a) and (c)''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(c) Treatment of Subgrants.--In the case of a grant described in 
subsection (a), the limitation on indirect costs specified in such 
subsection shall be applied to both the initial grant award and any 
subgrant of the Federal funds provided under the initial grant award so 
that the total of all indirect costs charged against the total of the 
Federal funds provided under the initial grant award does not exceed 
such limitation.''.

SEC. 7120. RESEARCH EQUIPMENT GRANTS.

  The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 is amended by inserting after section 1462 (7 U.S.C. 3310) 
the following new section:

``SEC. 1462A. RESEARCH EQUIPMENT GRANTS.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make competitive grants for the 
acquisition of special purpose scientific research equipment for use in 
the food and agricultural sciences programs of eligible institutions.
  ``(b) Maximum Amount.--The amount of a grant made to an eligible 
institution under this section may not exceed $500,000.
  ``(c) Prohibition on Charge or Equipment as Indirect Costs.--The cost 
of acquisition or depreciation of equipment purchased with a grant 
under this section shall not be--
          ``(1) charged as an indirect cost against another Federal 
        grant; or
          ``(2) included as part of the indirect cost pool for purposes 
        of calculating the indirect cost rate of an eligible 
        institution.
  ``(d) Eligible Institutions Defined.--In this section, the term 
`eligible institution' means--
          ``(1) a college or university; or
          ``(2) a State cooperative institution.
  ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 7121. UNIVERSITY RESEARCH.

  Section 1463 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3311) is amended by striking 
``2018'' each place it appears in subsections (a) and (b) and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 7122. EXTENSION SERVICE.

  Section 1464 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3312) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7123. SUPPLEMENTAL AND ALTERNATIVE CROPS.

  Section 1473D of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319d) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
                  (B) by striking ``crops,'' and inserting ``crops 
                (including canola),'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by inserting ``for agronomic rotational purposes 
                and for use as a habitat for honey bees and other 
                pollinators'' after ``alternative crops''; and
                  (B) by striking ``commodities whose'' and all that 
                follows through the period at the end and inserting 
                ``commodities.''; and
          (3) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 7124. CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS FOR NLGCA INSTITUTIONS.

  Section 1473F(b) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319i(b)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7125. AQUACULTURE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

  Section 1477(a)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3324(a)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7126. RANGELAND RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

  Section 1483(a)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3336(a)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7127. SPECIAL AUTHORIZATION FOR BIOSECURITY PLANNING AND RESPONSE.

  Section 1484 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3351) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(3) $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023.''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``and cooperative agreements'' after 
                ``competitive grants'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``make competitive 
                grants'' and inserting ``award competitive grants and 
                cooperative agreements''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(5) To coordinate the tactical science activities of the 
        Research, Education, and Economics mission area of the 
        Department that protect the integrity, reliability, 
        sustainability, and profitability of the food and agricultural 
        system of the United States against biosecurity threats from 
        pests, diseases, contaminants, and disasters.''.

SEC. 7128. DISTANCE EDUCATION AND RESIDENT INSTRUCTION GRANTS PROGRAM 
                    FOR INSULAR AREA INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

  (a) Distance Education Grants for Insular Areas.--Section 1490(f)(2) 
of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362(f)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.
  (b) Resident Instruction Grants for Insular Areas.--Section 
1491(c)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3363(c)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7129. REMOVAL OF MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN GRANTS.

   Section 1492(d) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3371(d)) is amended by 
striking paragraph (5). 

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

SEC. 7201. BEST UTILIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS.

  Section 1624 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
1990 (7 U.S.C. 5814) is amended in the first sentence by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7202. INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS.

  Section 1627(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5821(d)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7203. SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFER 
                    PROGRAM.

  Section 1628(f)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5831(f)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7204. NATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM.

  Section 1629(i) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5832(i)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7205. NATIONAL GENETICS RESOURCES PROGRAM.

  Section 1635(b)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5844(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7206. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM.

  Section 1641(c) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5855(c)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7207. AGRICULTURAL GENOME TO PHENOME INITIATIVE.

  Section 1671 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
1990 (7 U.S.C. 5924) is amended--
          (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``to phenome'' after 
        ``genome'';
          (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
  ``(a) Goals.--The goals of this section are--
          ``(1) to expand knowledge concerning genomes and phenomes of 
        crops of importance to United States agriculture;
          ``(2) to understand how variable weather, environments, and 
        production systems impact the growth and productivity of 
        specific varieties of crops, thereby providing greater accuracy 
        in predicting crop performance under variable growing 
        conditions;
          ``(3) to support research that leverages plant genomic 
        information with phenotypic and environmental data through an 
        interdisciplinary framework, leading to a novel understanding 
        of plant processes that affect crop growth, productivity, and 
        the ability to predict crop performance, resulting in the 
        deployment of superior varieties to growers and improved crop 
        management recommendations for farmers;
          ``(4) to promote and coordinate research linking genomics and 
        predictive phenomics at different sites nationally to achieve 
        advances in crops that generate societal benefits;
          ``(5) to combine fields such as genetics, genomics, plant 
        physiology, agronomy, climatology, and crop modeling with 
        computation and informatics, statistics, and engineering;
          ``(6) to focus on crops that will yield scientifically 
        important results that will enhance the usefulness of many 
        other crops;
          ``(7) to build on genomic research, such as the Plant Genome 
        Research Project, to understand gene function in production 
        environments that are expected to have considerable payoffs for 
        crops of importance to United States agriculture;
          ``(8) to develop improved data analytics to enhance 
        understanding of the biological function of crop genes;
          ``(9) to allow resources developed under this section, 
        including data, software, germplasm, and other biological 
        materials, to be openly accessible to all persons, subject to 
        any confidentiality requirements imposed by law; and
          ``(10) to encourage international partnerships with each 
        partner country responsible for financing its own research.'';
          (3) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
  ``(b) Duties of Secretary.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall 
conduct a research initiative (to be known as the `Agricultural Genome 
to Phenome Initiative') for the purpose of--
          ``(1) studying agriculturally significant crops in production 
        environments to achieve sustainable and secure agricultural 
        production;
          ``(2) ensuring that current gaps in existing knowledge of 
        agricultural crop genetics and phenomics knowledge are filled;
          ``(3) identifying and developing a functional understanding 
        of agronomically relevant genes from crops of importance to 
        United States agriculture;
          ``(4) ensuring future genetic improvement of crops of 
        importance to United States agriculture;
          ``(5) studying the relevance of diverse germplasm as a source 
        of unique genes that may be of importance to United States 
        agriculture in the future;
          ``(6) enhancing crop genetics to reduce the economic impact 
        of plant pathogens on crops of importance to United States 
        agriculture; and
          ``(7) disseminating findings to relevant audiences.'';
          (4) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``, acting through the 
        National Institute of Food and Agriculture,'' after ``The 
        Secretary'';
          (5) in subsection (e), by inserting ``to Phenome'' after 
        ``Genome''; and
          (6) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $30,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 7208. HIGH-PRIORITY RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVES.

  Section 1672 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (8)--
                          (i) in the heading, by striking ``Alfalfa and 
                        forage'' and inserting ``Alfalfa seed and 
                        alfalfa forage systems'';
                          (ii) by striking ``alfalfa and forage'' and 
                        inserting ``alfalfa seed and alfalfa forage 
                        systems''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``alfalfa and other 
                        forages, and'' and inserting ``alfalfa seed and 
                        other alfalfa forage''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
          ``(11) Macadamia tree health initiative.--Research and 
        extension grants may be made under this section for the 
        purposes of--
                  ``(A) developing and disseminating science-based 
                tools and treatments to combat the macadamia felted 
                coccid (Eriococcus ironsidei); and
                  ``(B) establishing an areawide integrated pest 
                management program in areas affected by, or areas at 
                risk of being affected by, the macadamia felted coccid.
          ``(12) National turfgrass research initiative.--Research and 
        extension grants may be made under this section for the 
        purposes of--
                  ``(A) carrying out or enhancing research related to 
                turfgrass and sod issues;
                  ``(B) enhancing production and uses of turfgrass for 
                the general public;
                  ``(C) identifying new turfgrass varieties with 
                superior drought, heat, cold, and pest tolerance to 
                reduce water, fertilizer, and pesticide use;
                  ``(D) selecting genetically superior turfgrasses and 
                developing improved technologies for managing 
                commercial, residential, and recreational turfgrass 
                areas;
                  ``(E) producing turfgrasses that--
                          ``(i) aid in mitigating soil erosion;
                          ``(ii) protect against pollutant runoff into 
                        waterways; or
                          ``(iii) provide other environmental benefits;
                  ``(F) investigating, preserving, and protecting 
                native plant species, including grasses not currently 
                utilized in turfgrass systems;
                  ``(G) creating systems for more economical and viable 
                turfgrass seed and sod production throughout the United 
                States; and
                  ``(H) investigating the turfgrass phytobiome and 
                developing biologic products to enhance soil, enrich 
                plants, and mitigate pests.
          ``(13) Fertilizer management initiative.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Research and extension grants may 
                be made under this section for the purpose of carrying 
                out research to improve fertilizer use efficiency in 
                crops--
                          ``(i) to maximize crop yield; and
                          ``(ii) to minimize nutrient losses to surface 
                        and groundwater and the atmosphere.
                  ``(B) Priority.--In awarding grants under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall give priority to 
                research examining the impact of the source, rate, 
                timing, and placement of plant nutrients.
          ``(14) Cattle fever tick program.--Research and extension 
        grants may be made under this section to study cattle fever 
        ticks--
                  ``(A) to facilitate the understanding of the role of 
                wildlife in the persistence and spread of cattle fever 
                ticks;
                  ``(B) to develop advanced methods for eradication of 
                cattle fever ticks, including--
                          ``(i) alternative treatment methods for 
                        cattle and other susceptible species;
                          ``(ii) field treatment for premises, 
                        including corral pens and pasture loafing 
                        areas;
                          ``(iii) methods for treatment and control on 
                        infested wildlife;
                          ``(iv) biological control agents; and
                          ``(v) new and improved vaccines;
                  ``(C) to evaluate rangeland vegetation that impacts 
                the survival of cattle fever ticks;
                  ``(D) to improve management of diseases relating to 
                cattle fever ticks that are associated with wildlife, 
                livestock, and human health;
                  ``(E) to improve diagnostic detection of tick-
                infested or infected animals and pastures; and
                  ``(F) to conduct outreach to impacted ranchers, 
                hunters, and landowners to integrate tactics and 
                document sustainability of best practices.
          ``(15) Laying hen and turkey research program.--Research 
        grants may be made under this section for the purpose of 
        improving the efficiency and sustainability of laying hen and 
        turkey production through integrated, collaborative research 
        and technology transfer. Emphasis may be placed on laying hen 
        and turkey disease prevention, antimicrobial resistance, 
        nutrition, gut health, and alternative housing systems under 
        extreme seasonal weather conditions.
          ``(16) Algae agriculture research program.--Research and 
        extension grants may be made under this section for the 
        development and testing of algae and algae systems (including 
        micro- and macro-algae systems).'';
          (2) in subsection (e)(5), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
          (3) in subsection (f)(5), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
          (4) in subsection (g), by striking ``2018'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``2023''; and
          (5) in subsection (h), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 7209. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVE.

  Section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(7), by inserting ``, soil health,'' 
        after ``conservation''; and
          (2) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        subparagraph:
                  ``(D) $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
                through 2023.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                        ``for fiscal years 2014 through 2018''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
                        ``2023''.

SEC. 7210. FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT.

  Section 1672D of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925f) is amended--
          (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make competitive research and 
extension grants for the purpose of improving the farm management 
knowledge and skills of agricultural producers by maintaining and 
expanding a national, publicly available farm financial management 
database to support improved farm management.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and producer'' 
                and inserting ``educational programs and''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``use and support'' 
                and inserting ``contribute data to''; and
          (3) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 7211. CLARIFICATION OF VETERAN ELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTIVE 
                    TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM FOR FARMERS WITH DISABILITIES.

  Section 1680 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
1990 (7 U.S.C. 5933) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(7) Clarification of application of provisions to veterans 
        with disabilities.--This subsection shall apply with respect to 
        veterans with disabilities, and their families, who--
                  ``(A) are engaged in farming or farm-related 
                occupations; or
                  ``(B) are pursuing new farming opportunities.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by inserting ``(including veterans)'' after 
                ``individuals''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``or, in the case of veterans with 
                disabilities, who are pursuing new farming 
                opportunities'' before the period at the end; and
          (3) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7212. NATIONAL RURAL INFORMATION CENTER CLEARINGHOUSE.

  Section 2381(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3125b(e)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                of 1998

SEC. 7300. ENDING LIMITATION ON FUNDING UNDER NATIONAL FOOD SAFETY 
                    TRAINING, EDUCATION, EXTENSION, OUTREACH, AND 
                    TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

  Section 405(e)(3) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, And 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7625(e)(3)) is amended to read 
as follows:
          ``(3) Term of grant.--A grant under this section shall have a 
        term that is not more than 3 years.''.

SEC. 7301. NATIONAL FOOD SAFETY TRAINING, EDUCATION, EXTENSION, 
                    OUTREACH, AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

  Section 405(j) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7625(j)) is amended by striking ``2011 
through 2015'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 7302. INTEGRATED RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION COMPETITIVE 
                    GRANTS PROGRAM.

  Section 406(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7626(e)) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7303. SUPPORT FOR RESEARCH REGARDING DISEASES OF WHEAT, TRITICALE, 
                    AND BARLEY CAUSED BY FUSARIUM GRAMINEARUM OR BY 
                    TILLETIA INDICA.

  Section 408(e)(2) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7628(e)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7304. GRANTS FOR YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS.

  Section 410(d)(2) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7630(d)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7305. SPECIALTY CROP RESEARCH INITIATIVE.

  (a) Elements of Initiative.--Section 412(b) of the Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 
7632(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in subparagraph (E), by adding ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                  ``(F) size-controlling rootstock systems for 
                perennial crops;'';
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by striking ``including threats to specialty crop 
                pollinators;'' and inserting the following: 
                ``including--
                  ``(A) threats to specialty crop pollinators; and''; 
                and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                  ``(B) emerging and invasive species;'';
          (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``marketing);'' and 
        inserting the following: ``marketing) and a better 
        understanding of the soil rhizosphere microbiome, including--
                  ``(A) pesticide application systems and certified 
                drift-reduction technologies; and
                  ``(B) systems to improve and extend storage life of 
                specialty crops;'';
          (4) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (5) 
        and (6), respectively;
          (5) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(4) efforts to promote a more effective understanding and 
        use of existing natural enemy complexes;''; and
          (6) in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by paragraph (4))--
                  (A) by striking ``including improved mechanization 
                and technologies that delay or inhibit ripening; and'' 
                and inserting the following: ``including--
                  ``(A) technologies that delay or inhibit ripening;''; 
                and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                  ``(B) mechanization and automation of labor-intensive 
                tasks on farms and in packing facilities;
                  ``(C) decision support systems driven by phenology 
                and environmental factors;
                  ``(D) improved monitoring systems for agricultural 
                pests; and
                  ``(E) effective systems for pre- and post-harvest 
                management of quarantine pests; and''.
  (b) Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Extension Program.--Section 
412 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (j)(5), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
          (2) in subsection (k)(1)(C), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.
  (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 412(k)(2) of the 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 
U.S.C. 7632(k)(2)) is amended--
          (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''; and
          (2) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7306. FOOD ANIMAL RESIDUE AVOIDANCE DATABASE PROGRAM.

  Section 604(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7642(e)) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7307. OFFICE OF PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY.

  Section 614(f)(2) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7653(f)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7308. FORESTRY PRODUCTS ADVANCED UTILIZATION RESEARCH.

  Section 617(f)(1) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7655b(f)(1)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

         Subtitle D--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                     PART I--AGRICULTURAL SECURITY

SEC. 7401. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY COMMUNICATION CENTER.

  Section 14112(c)(2) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8912(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 7402. ASSISTANCE TO BUILD LOCAL CAPACITY IN AGRICULTURAL 
                    BIOSECURITY PLANNING, PREPARATION, AND RESPONSE.

  Section 14113 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8913) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2)(B), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7403. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL COUNTERMEASURES.

  Section 14121(b)(2) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8921(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 7404. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

  Section 14122(e)(2) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8922(e)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

                         PART II--MISCELLANEOUS

SEC. 7411. GRAZINGLANDS RESEARCH LABORATORY.

  Section 7502 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2019) is amended by striking ``10-year 
period'' and inserting ``15-year period''.

SEC. 7412. NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH PROGRAM.

  Section 7525(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 5937(e)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7413. SUN GRANT PROGRAM.

  Section 7526(g) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8114(g)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

                  Subtitle E--Amendments to Other Laws

SEC. 7501. CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS ACT.

  Section 16(a)(2) of the Critical Agricultural Materials Act (7 U.S.C. 
178n(a)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7502. EQUITY IN EDUCATIONAL LAND-GRANT STATUS ACT OF 1994.

  (a) 1994 Institution Defined.--Section 532 of the Equity in 
Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public 
Law 103-382) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 532. DEFINITION OF 1994 INSTITUTION.

  ``In this part, the term `1994 Institution' means any of the 
following colleges:
          ``(1) Aaniiih Nakoda College.
          ``(2) Bay Mills Community College.
          ``(3) Blackfeet Community College.
          ``(4) Cankdeska Cikana Community College.
          ``(5) Chief Dull Knife College.
          ``(6) College of Menominee Nation.
          ``(7) College of the Muscogee Nation.
          ``(8) D-Q University.
          ``(9) Dine College.
          ``(10) Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College.
          ``(11) Fort Peck Community College.
          ``(12) Haskell Indian Nations University.
          ``(13) Ilisagvik College.
          ``(14) Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture 
        and Arts Development.
          ``(15) Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College.
          ``(16) Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College.
          ``(17) Leech Lake Tribal College.
          ``(18) Little Big Horn College.
          ``(19) Little Priest Tribal College.
          ``(20) Navajo Technical University.
          ``(21) Nebraska Indian Community College.
          ``(22) Northwest Indian College.
          ``(23) Nueta Hidatsa Sahnish College.
          ``(24) Oglala Lakota College.
          ``(25) Red Lake Nation College.
          ``(26) Saginaw Chippewa Tribal College.
          ``(27) Salish Kootenai College.
          ``(28) Sinte Gleska University.
          ``(29) Sisseton Wahpeton College.
          ``(30) Sitting Bull College.
          ``(31) Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute.
          ``(32) Stone Child College.
          ``(33) Tohono O'odham Community College.
          ``(34) Turtle Mountain Community College.
          ``(35) United Tribes Technical College.
          ``(36) White Earth Tribal and Community College.''.
  (b) Endowment for 1994 Institutions.--Section 533(b) of the Equity in 
Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public 
Law 103-382) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.
  (c) Institutional Capacity Building Grants.--Section 535 of the 
Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; 
Public Law 103-382) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it 
appears in subsections (b)(1) and (c) and inserting ``2023''.
  (d) Research Grants.--Section 536(c) of the Equity in Educational 
Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-382) 
is amended in the first sentence by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 7503. RESEARCH FACILITIES ACT.

  (a) Agricultural Research Facility Defined.--The Research Facilities 
Act is amended--
          (1) in section 2(1) (7 U.S.C. 390(1)) by striking ``a 
        college, university, or nonprofit institution'' and inserting 
        ``an entity eligible to receive funds under a capacity and 
        infrastructure program (as defined in section 251(f)(1)(C) of 
        the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 
        U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(C)))''; and
          (2) in section 3(c)(2)(D) (7 U.S.C. 390a(c)(2)(D)), by 
        striking ``recipient college, university, or nonprofit 
        institution'' and inserting ``recipient entity''.
  (b) Long-term Support.--Section 3(c)(2)(D) of the Research Facilities 
Act (7 U.S.C. 390a(c)(2)(D)), as amended by subsection (a), is further 
amended by striking ``operating costs'' and inserting ``operating and 
maintenance costs''.
  (c) Competitive Grant Program.--The Research Facilities Act is 
amended by inserting after section 3 (7 U.S.C. 390a) the following new 
section:

``SEC. 4. COMPETITIVE GRANT PROGRAM.

  ``The Secretary shall establish a program to make competitive grants 
to assist in the construction, alteration, acquisition, modernization, 
renovation, or remodeling of agricultural research facilities.''.
  (d) Authorization of Appropriations and Funding Limitations.--Section 
6 of the Research Facilities Act (7 U.S.C. 390d) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``subsection (b),'' and inserting 
                ``subsections (b), (c), and (d),'';
                  (B) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
                ``Funds appropriated pursuant to the preceding sentence 
                shall be available until expended.''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
  ``(c) Maximum Amount.--Not more than 25 percent of the funds made 
available pursuant to subsection (a) for any fiscal year shall be used 
for any single agricultural research facility project.
  ``(d) Project Limitation.--An entity eligible to receive funds under 
this Act may receive funds for only one project at a time.''.

SEC. 7504. COMPETITIVE, SPECIAL, AND FACILITIES RESEARCH GRANT ACT.

  Subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research 
Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 3157(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) by redesignating clauses (iii) through 
                        (vii) as clauses (iv) through (viii), 
                        respectively; and
                          (ii) by inserting after clause (ii) the 
                        following new clause:
                          ``(iii) soil health;'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (E)--
                          (i) in clause (iii), by striking ``and'' at 
                        the end;
                          (ii) in clause (iv), by striking the period 
                        at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        clause:
                          ``(v) tools that accelerate the use of 
                        automation or mechanization for labor-intensive 
                        tasks in the production and distribution of 
                        crops.''; and
                  (C) in subparagraph (F)--
                          (i) in clause (vi), by striking ``and'' at 
                        the end;
                          (ii) in clause (vii), by striking the period 
                        at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        clause:
                          ``(viii) barriers and bridges to entry and 
                        farm viability for young, beginning, socially 
                        disadvantaged, veteran, and immigrant farmers 
                        and ranchers, including farm succession, 
                        transition, transfer, entry, and profitability 
                        issues.'';
          (2) in paragraph (5)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``and'' at 
                the end; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting the following: ``that--
                          ``(i) is of national scope; or
                          ``(ii) is commodity-specific, so long as any 
                        such funds allocated for commodity-specific 
                        research are matched with funds from a non-
                        Federal source at least equal to the amount of 
                        such funds so allocated.'';
          (3) in paragraph (9)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking clause (iii); 
                and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking ``clauses (ii) 
                        and (iii)'' and inserting ``clause (ii)''; and
                          (ii) by striking clause (iii); and
          (4) in paragraph (11)(A)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
                ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
                  (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``4'' and inserting 
                ``5''.

SEC. 7505. RENEWABLE RESOURCES EXTENSION ACT OF 1978.

  (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 6 of the Renewable 
Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1675) is amended in the 
first sentence by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
  (b) Termination Date.--Section 8 of the Renewable Resources Extension 
Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1671 note; Public Law 95-306) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7506. NATIONAL AQUACULTURE ACT OF 1980.

  Section 10 of the National Aquaculture Act of 1980 (16 U.S.C. 2809) 
is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it appears and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 7507. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

  Section 7405 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
U.S.C. 3319f) is amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (b) and redesignating subsection 
        (c) as subsection (b);
          (2) in subsection (b), as so redesignated--
                  (A) in the heading, by striking ``Grants'' and 
                inserting ``Programs'';
                  (B) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a beginning 
        farmer and rancher development program to provide training, 
        education, outreach, and technical assistance initiatives to 
        increase opportunities for beginning farmers or ranchers.'';
                  (C) by inserting ``or cooperative agreements'' after 
                ``grants'' each place it appears;
                  (D) by inserting ``or cooperative agreement'' after 
                ``grant'' each place it appears;
                  (E) by striking ``subsection'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``section'';
                  (F) by amending paragraph (4) to read as follows:
          ``(4) Matching requirement.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), to be eligible to receive a grant under this 
                subsection, a recipient shall provide a match in the 
                form of cash or in-kind contributions in an amount 
                equal to 25 percent of the funds provided by the grant.
                  ``(B) Exception.--The Secretary may waive or reduce 
                the matching requirement in subparagraph (A) if the 
                Secretary determines such a waiver or modification is 
                necessary to effectively reach an underserved area or 
                population.''; and
                  (G) by striking paragraph (8), and redesignating 
                paragraphs (9), (10), (11), and (12) as paragraphs (8), 
                (9), (10), and (11), respectively;
          (3) by inserting after subsection (b), as so redesignated, 
        the following new subsection:
  ``(c) Grant Requirements.--
          ``(1) In general.--In carrying out this section, the 
        Secretary shall make competitive grants to support new and 
        established local and regional training, education, outreach, 
        and technical assistance initiatives to increase opportunities 
        for beginning farmers or ranchers, including programs and 
        services (as appropriate) relating to--
                  ``(A) basic livestock, forest management, and crop 
                farming practices;
                  ``(B) innovative farm, ranch, and private 
                nonindustrial forest land access, and transfer and 
                succession strategies and programs;
                  ``(C) entrepreneurship and business training;
                  ``(D) financial and risk management training 
                (including the acquisition and management of 
                agricultural credit);
                  ``(E) natural resource management and planning;
                  ``(F) diversification and marketing strategies;
                  ``(G) curriculum development;
                  ``(H) mentoring, apprenticeships, and internships;
                  ``(I) resources and referral;
                  ``(J) farm financial benchmarking;
                  ``(K) technical assistance to help beginning farmers 
                or ranchers acquire land from retiring farmers and 
                ranchers;
                  ``(L) agricultural rehabilitation and vocational 
                training for veterans;
                  ``(M) food safety (including good agricultural 
                practices training);
                  ``(N) farm safety and awareness; and
                  ``(O) other similar subject areas of use to beginning 
                farmers or ranchers.
          ``(2) Set-aside.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not less than 5 percent of the 
                funds used to carry out this subsection for a fiscal 
                year shall be used to support programs and services 
                that address the needs of--
                          ``(i) limited resource beginning farmers or 
                        ranchers (as defined by the Secretary);
                          ``(ii) socially disadvantaged farmers or 
                        ranchers (as defined in section 355(e) of the 
                        Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
                        U.S.C. 2003(e))) who are beginning farmers and 
                        ranchers; and
                          ``(iii) farmworkers desiring to become 
                        farmers or ranchers.
                  ``(B) Veteran farmers and ranchers.--Not less than 5 
                percent of the funds used to carry out this subsection 
                for a fiscal year shall be used to support programs and 
                services that address the needs of veteran farmers and 
                ranchers (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, 
                Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
                U.S.C. 2279(e))).'';
          (4) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``and conduct'' and inserting 
                        ``, conduct''; and
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``, or provide training and technical 
                        assistance initiatives for beginning farmers or 
                        ranchers or for trainers and service providers 
                        that work with beginning farmers or 
                        ranchers.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by inserting ``, educational programs and 
                        workshops, or training and technical assistance 
                        initiatives'' after ``curricula''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``modules'' and inserting 
                        ``content'';
          (5) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) by inserting ``(including retiring farmers and 
                nonfarming landowners)'' before ``from participating in 
                programs''; and
                  (B) by striking ``educating'' and inserting 
                ``increasing opportunities for''; and
          (6) in subsection (h)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the heading, by striking ``for fiscal 
                        years 2009 through 2018''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                        ``for fiscal years 2014 through 2018''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
                        ``2023''; and
                  (C) by striking paragraph (3).

SEC. 7508. FEDERAL AGRICULTURE RESEARCH FACILITIES.

  Section 1431 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1985 (title XIV of Public Law 99-198; 
99 Stat. 1556) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 7509. BIOMASS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

  Section 9008(h) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8108(h)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 7601. ENHANCED USE LEASE AUTHORITY PROGRAM.

  (a) Transition to Permanent Program.--Section 308 of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 
1994 (7 U.S.C. 3125a note) is amended--
          (1) in the section heading, by striking ``pilot''; and
          (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``pilot''.
  (b) No Onsite Sales.--Section 308(b)(1)(C) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 
1994 is amended by inserting ``onsite'' before ``public''.
  (c) Termination of Authority Extended.--Section 308(b)(6)(A) of the 
Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 3125a note) is amended by striking 
``on the date that is 10 years after the date of enactment of this 
section'' and inserting ``on June 18, 2023''.
  (d) Reports.--Section 308(d)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform 
and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
3125a note) is amended by striking ``Not later than 6, 8, and 10 years 
after the date of enactment of this section'' and inserting ``Not later 
than June 18, 2019, June 18, 2021, and June 18, 2023''.

SEC. 7602. FUNCTIONS AND DUTIES OF THE UNDER SECRETARY.

  Subparagraph (B) of section 251(d)(2) of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(d)(2)) is amended 
to read as follows:
                  ``(B) ensure that agricultural research, education, 
                extension, economics, and statistical programs--
                          ``(i) are effectively coordinated and 
                        integrated--
                                  ``(I) across disciplines, agencies, 
                                and institutions; and
                                  ``(II) among applicable participants, 
                                grantees, and beneficiaries; and
                          ``(ii) address the priority areas of the 
                        Agriculture and Food Research Initiative 
                        specified in subsection (b)(2) of the 
                        Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research 
                        Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 3157(b)(2));''.

SEC. 7603. REINSTATEMENT OF DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA MATCHING REQUIREMENT 
                    FOR CERTAIN LAND-GRANT UNIVERSITY ASSISTANCE.

  (a) In General.--Section 209(c) of the District of Columbia Public 
Postsecondary Education Reorganization Act (Public Law 93-471; sec. 38-
1202.09(c), D.C. Official Code) is amended in the first sentence, by 
striking the period at the end and inserting ``, which may be used to 
pay no more than one-half of the total cost of providing such extension 
work.''.
  (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2018.

SEC. 7604. FARMLAND TENURE, TRANSITION, AND ENTRY DATA INITIATIVE.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall collect and report data and 
analysis on farmland ownership, tenure, transition, and entry of 
beginning farmers or ranchers.
  (b) Requirements.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall--
          (1) collect and distribute comprehensive annual reporting of 
        trends in farmland ownership, tenure, transition, barriers to 
        entry, profitability, and viability of beginning farmers or 
        ranchers; and
          (2) develop surveys and report statistical and economic 
        analysis on farmland ownership, tenure, transition, barriers to 
        entry, profitability, and viability of beginning farmers.
  (c) Funding.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
this section $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to 
remain available until expended.
  (d) Conforming Amendment Regarding Confidentiality of Information.--
Section 1770(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 2276(d)) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (11), by striking ``or'' at the end;
          (2) in paragraph (12), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(13) section 7604 of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 
        2018.''.

SEC. 7605. TRANSFER OF ADMINISTRATIVE JURISDICTION, PORTION OF HENRY A. 
                    WALLACE BELTSVILLE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER, 
                    BELTSVILLE, MARYLAND.

  (a) Transfer Authorized.--The Secretary of Agriculture may transfer 
to the administrative jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Treasury a 
parcel of real property at the Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural 
Research Center consisting of approximately 100 acres, which was 
originally acquired by the United States through land acquisitions in 
1910 and 1925 and is generally located off of Poultry Road lying 
between Powder Mill Road and Odell Road in Beltsville, Maryland, for 
the purpose of facilitating the establishment of Bureau of Engraving 
and Printing facilities on the parcel.
  (b) Legal Description and Map.--
          (1) Preparation.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall prepare 
        a legal description and map of the parcel of real property to 
        be transferred under subsection (a).
          (2) Force of law.--The legal description and map prepared 
        under paragraph (1) shall have the same force and effect as if 
        included in this Act, except that the Secretary of Agriculture 
        may correct errors in the legal description and map.
  (c) Retention of Interests.--The transfer of administrative 
jurisdiction under subsection (a) shall be subject to easements and 
rights of record and such other reservations, terms, and conditions as 
the Secretary of Agriculture considers to be necessary.
  (d) Waiver.--The parcel of real property to be transferred under 
subsection (a) is exempt from Federal screening for other possible use 
as there is an identified Federal need for the parcel as the site for 
Bureau of Engraving and Printing facilities.
  (e) Condition on Transfer.--As a condition of the transfer of 
administrative jurisdiction under subsection (a), the Secretary of the 
Treasury shall agree to pay the Secretary of Agriculture the following 
costs:
          (1) The appraisal required under subsection (f).
          (2) Any environmental or administrative analysis required by 
        Federal law with respect to the real property so transferred.
          (3) Any necessary survey of such real property.
          (4) Any hazardous substances assessment of such real 
        property.
  (f) Appraisal.--To determine the fair market value of the parcel of 
real property to be transferred under subsection (a), the Secretary of 
the Treasury shall have the parcel appraised for its highest and best 
use in conformity with the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land 
Acquisitions developed by the Interagency Land Acquisition Conference. 
The appraisal shall be subject to the review and approval by the 
Secretary of Agriculture.
  (g) Hazardous Materials.--For the parcel of real property to be 
transferred under subsection (a), the Secretary of Agriculture shall 
meet disclosure requirements for hazardous substances, but shall 
otherwise not be required to remediate or abate those substances or any 
other hazardous pollutants, contaminants, or waste that might be 
present on the parcel at the time of transfer of administrative 
jurisdiction.

SEC. 7606. SIMPLIFIED PLAN OF WORK.

  (a) Smith-Lever Act.--The Smith-Lever Act is amended--
          (1) in section 3(h)(2) (7 U.S.C. 343(h)(2)), by striking 
        subparagraph (D); and
          (2) in section 4 (7 U.S.C. 344)--
                  (A) in subsection (c), by striking paragraphs (1) 
                through (5) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
          ``(1) A summary of planned projects or programs in the State 
        using formula funds.
          ``(2) A description of the manner in which the State will 
        meet the requirements of section 3(h).
          ``(3) A description of the manner in which the State will 
        meet the requirements of section 3(i)(2) of the Hatch Act of 
        1887.
          ``(4) A description of matching funds provided by the State 
        with respect to the previous fiscal year.''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
  ``(f) Relationship to Audits.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the procedures established pursuant to subsection (c) shall not be 
subject to audit to determine the sufficiency of such procedures.''.
  (b) Hatch Act.--The Hatch Act of 1887 is amended--
          (1) in section 3 (7 U.S.C. 361c)--
                  (A) by amending subsection (h) to read as follows:
  ``(h) Peer Review.--Research carried out under subsection (c)(3) 
shall be subject to scientific peer review. The review of a project 
conducted under this subsection shall be considered to satisfy the 
merit review requirements of section 103(e) of the Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998.''; and
                  (B) in subsection (i)(2), by striking subparagraph 
                (D); and
          (2) in section 7 (7 U.S.C. 361g)--
                  (A) in subsection (e), by striking paragraphs (1) 
                through (4) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
          ``(1) A summary of planned projects or programs in the State 
        using formula funds.
          ``(2) A description of the manner in which the State will 
        meet the requirements of subsections (c)(3) and (i)(2) of 
        section 3.
          ``(3) A description of matching funds provided by the State 
        with respect to the previous fiscal year.''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
  ``(h) Relationship to Audits.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the procedures established pursuant to subsection (e) shall not be 
subject to audit to determine the sufficiency of such procedures.''.
  (c) Extension and Research at 1890 Institutions.--
          (1) Extension.--Section 1444(d) of the National Agricultural 
        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
        3221(d)) is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                through (E) and inserting the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                  ``(A) A summary of planned projects or programs in 
                the State using formula funds.
                  ``(B) A description of matching funds provided by the 
                State with respect to the previous fiscal year.''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(6) Relationship to audits.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, the procedures established pursuant to 
        paragraph (3) shall not be subject to audit to determine the 
        sufficiency of such procedures.''.
          (2) Research.--Section 1445(c) of the National Agricultural 
        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
        3222(c)) is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                through (E) and inserting the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                  ``(A) A summary of planned projects or programs in 
                the State using formula funds.
                  ``(B) A description of matching funds provided by the 
                State with respect to the previous fiscal year.''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(6) Relationship to audits.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, the procedures established pursuant to 
        paragraph (3) shall not be subject to audit to determine the 
        sufficiency of such procedures.''.

SEC. 7607. TIME AND EFFORT REPORTING EXEMPTION.

  Any entity receiving funds under a program referred to in clause 
(iii), (iv), (vii), (viii), or (xii) of section 251(f)(1)(C) of the 
Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
6971(f)(1)(C)) shall be exempt from the time and effort reporting 
requirements under part 200 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations (or 
successor regulations), with respect to the use of such funds.

SEC. 7608. PUBLIC EDUCATION ON BIOTECHNOLOGY IN FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 
                    SECTORS.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Education, and such other 
persons and organizations as the Secretary determines to be 
appropriate, shall develop and carry out a national science-based 
education campaign to increase public awareness regarding the use of 
technology in food and agriculture production, including--
          (1) the science of biotechnology as applied to the 
        development of products in the food and agricultural sectors, 
        including information about which products of biotechnology in 
        the food and agricultural sectors have been approved for use in 
        the United States;
          (2) the Federal science-based regulatory review process for 
        products made using biotechnology in the food and agricultural 
        sectors conducted under the Coordinated Framework for 
        Regulation of Biotechnology published by the Office of Science 
        and Technology Policy in the Federal Register on June 26, 1986 
        (51 Fed. Reg. 23302), including the studies performed and 
        analyses conducted to ensure that such products are as safe to 
        produce and as safe to eat as products that are not produced 
        using biotechnology;
          (3) developments in the science of plant and animal breeding 
        over time and the impacts of such developments on farmers, 
        consumers, the environment, and the rural economy; and
          (4) the effects of the use of biotechnology on food security, 
        nutrition, and the environment.
  (b) Consumer Friendly Informational Website.--The Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy, and such other persons and organizations 
as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, shall develop, 
establish, and update as necessary, a single Federal government-
sponsored public Internet website through which the public may obtain, 
in an easy to understand and user-friendly format, information about 
biotechnology used in the food and agricultural sectors, including--
          (1) scientific findings and other data on biotechnology used 
        in the food and agricultural sectors;
          (2) Federal agencies' decisions regarding specific products 
        made using biotechnology in the food and agricultural sectors;
          (3) a list of frequently asked questions pertaining to the 
        use of biotechnology in the food and agricultural sectors;
          (4) an easy-to-understand description of the role of Federal 
        agencies in overseeing the use of biotechnology in the food and 
        agricultural sectors;
          (5) information about novel, emerging technologies within the 
        broader field of biotechnology; and
          (6) a glossary of terms with respect to biotechnology used in 
        the food and agricultural sectors.
  (c) Social Media Resources.--The Secretary may, as appropriate, 
utilize publicly-available social media platforms to supplement the 
campaign established under subsection (a), and as an extension of the 
website established under subsection (b).

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

   Subtitle A--Reauthorization and Modification of Certain Forestry 
                                Programs

SEC. 8101. SUPPORT FOR STATE ASSESSMENTS AND STRATEGIES FOR FOREST 
                    RESOURCES.

  Section 2A(f)(1) of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 
(16 U.S.C. 2101a(f)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 8102. FOREST LEGACY PROGRAM.

  Subsection (m) of section 7 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance 
Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103c) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(m) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $35,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 8103. COMMUNITY FOREST AND OPEN SPACE CONSERVATION PROGRAM.

  Subsection (g) of section 7A of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance 
Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103d) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 8104. STATE AND PRIVATE FOREST LANDSCAPE-SCALE RESTORATION 
                    PROGRAM.

  Section 13A of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 
U.S.C. 2109a) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 13A. STATE AND PRIVATE FOREST LANDSCAPE-SCALE RESTORATION 
                    PROGRAM.

  ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to establish a 
landscape-scale restoration program to support landscape-scale 
restoration and management that results in measurable improvements to 
public benefits derived from State and private forest land, as 
identified in--
          ``(1) a State-wide assessment described in section 2A(a)(1); 
        and
          ``(2) a long-term State-wide forest resource strategy 
        described in section 2A(a)(2).
  ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Private forest land.--The term `private forest land' 
        means land that--
                  ``(A)(i) has existing tree cover; or
                  ``(ii) is suitable for growing trees; and
                  ``(B) is owned by--
                          ``(i) an Indian Tribe (as defined in section 
                        4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
                        Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304)); or
                          ``(ii) any private individual or entity.
          ``(2) Regional.--The term `regional' means of any region of 
        the National Association of State Foresters.
          ``(3) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of 
        Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service.
          ``(4) State forest land.--The term `State forest land' means 
        land that is owned by a State or unit of local government.
          ``(5) State forester.--The term `State Forester' means a 
        State Forester or equivalent State official.
  ``(c) Establishment.--The Secretary, in consultation with State 
Foresters or other appropriate State agencies, shall establish a 
landscape-scale restoration program--
          ``(1) to provide financial and technical assistance for 
        landscape-scale restoration projects on State forest land or 
        private forest land; and
          ``(2) that maintains or improves benefits from trees and 
        forests on such land.
  ``(d) Requirements.--The landscape-scale restoration program 
established under subsection (c) shall--
          ``(1) measurably address the national private forest 
        conservation priorities described in section 2(c);
          ``(2) enhance public benefits from trees and forests, as 
        identified in--
                  ``(A) a State-wide assessment described in section 
                2A(a)(1); and
                  ``(B) a long-term State-wide forest resource strategy 
                described in section 2A(a)(2); and
          ``(3) in accordance with the purposes described in section 
        2(b), include one or more of the following objectives--
                  ``(A) protecting or improving water quality or 
                quantity;
                  ``(B) reducing wildfire risk, including through 
                hazardous fuels treatment;
                  ``(C) protecting or enhancing wildlife habitat, 
                consistent with wildlife objectives established by the 
                applicable State fish and wildlife agency;
                  ``(D) improving forest health and forest ecosystems, 
                including addressing native, nonnative, and invasive 
                pests; or
                  ``(E) enhancing opportunities for new and existing 
                markets in which the production and use of wood 
                products strengthens local and regional economies.
  ``(e) Measurement.--The Secretary, in consultation with State 
Foresters, shall establish a measurement system (including measurement 
tools) that--
          ``(1) consistently measures the results of landscape-scale 
        restoration projects described in subsection (c); and
          ``(2) is consistent with the measurement systems of other 
        Federal programs delivered by State Foresters.
  ``(f) Use of Amounts.--
          ``(1) Allocation.--Of the amounts made available for the 
        landscape-scale restoration program established under 
        subsection (c), the Secretary shall allocate to State 
        Foresters--
                  ``(A) 50 percent for the competitive process in 
                accordance with subsection (g); and
                  ``(B) 50 percent proportionally to States, in 
                consultation with State Foresters--
                          ``(i) to maximize the achievement of the 
                        objectives described in subsection (d)(3); and
                          ``(ii) to address the highest national 
                        priorities, as identified in--
                                  ``(I) State-wide assessments 
                                described in section 2A(a)(1); and
                                  ``(II) long-term State-wide forest 
                                resource strategies described in 
                                section 2A(a)(2).
          ``(2) Multiyear projects.--The Secretary may provide amounts 
        under this section for multiyear projects.
  ``(g) Competitive Process.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall distribute amounts 
        described in subsection (f)(1)(A) through a competitive process 
        for landscape-scale restoration projects described in 
        subsection (c) to maximize the achievement of the objectives 
        described in subsection (d)(3).
          ``(2) Eligibility.--To be eligible for funding through the 
        competitive process under paragraph (1), a State Forester, or 
        another entity on approval of the State Forester, shall submit 
        to the Secretary one or more landscape-scale restoration 
        proposals that--
                  ``(A) in accordance with paragraph (3)(A), include 
                priorities identified in--
                          ``(i) State-wide assessments described in 
                        section 2A(a)(1); and
                          ``(ii) long-term State-wide forest resource 
                        strategies described in section 2A(a)(2);
                  ``(B) identify one or more measurable results to be 
                achieved through the project;
                  ``(C) to the maximum extent practicable, include 
                activities on all land necessary to accomplish the 
                measurable results in the applicable landscape;
                  ``(D) to the maximum extent practicable, are 
                developed in collaboration with other public and 
                private sector organizations and local communities; and
                  ``(E) derive not less than 50 percent of the funding 
                for the project from non-Federal sources, unless the 
                Secretary determines--
                          ``(i) the applicant is unable to derive not 
                        less than 50 percent of the funding for the 
                        project from non-Federal sources; and
                          ``(ii) the benefits of the project justify 
                        pursuing the project.
          ``(3) Prioritization.--In carrying out the competitive 
        process under paragraph (1), the Secretary--
                  ``(A) shall give priority to projects that, as 
                determined by the Secretary, best carry out priorities 
                identified in State-wide assessments described in 
                section 2A(a)(1) and long-term State-wide forest 
                resource strategies described in section 2A(a)(2), 
                including--
                          ``(i) involvement of public and private 
                        partnerships;
                          ``(ii) inclusion of cross-boundary activities 
                        on--
                                  ``(I) Federal forest land;
                                  ``(II) State forest land; or
                                  ``(III) private forest land;
                          ``(iii) involvement of areas also identified 
                        for cost-share funding by the Natural Resources 
                        Conservation Service or any other relevant 
                        Federal agency;
                          ``(iv) protection or improvement of water 
                        quality or quantity;
                          ``(v) reduction of wildfire risk; and
                          ``(vi) otherwise addressing the national 
                        private forest conservation priorities 
                        described in section 2(c); and
                  ``(B) may give priority to projects in proximity to 
                other landscape-scale projects on other land under the 
                jurisdiction of the Secretary, the Secretary of the 
                Interior, or a Governor of a State, including--
                          ``(i) ecological restoration treatments under 
                        the Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration 
                        Program established under section 4003 of the 
                        Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 (16 
                        U.S.C. 7303);
                          ``(ii) projects on landscape-scale areas 
                        designated for insect and disease treatment 
                        under section 602 of the Healthy Forests 
                        Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591a);
                          ``(iii) authorized restoration services under 
                        section 8206 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
                        (16 U.S.C. 2113a);
                          ``(iv) watershed restoration and protection 
                        services under section 331 of the Department of 
                        the Interior and Related Agencies 
                        Appropriations Act, 2001 (Public Law 106-291; 
                        16 U.S.C. 1011 note);
                          ``(v) stewardship end result contracting 
                        projects under section 604 of the Healthy 
                        Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 
                        6591c); or
                          ``(vi) projects under other relevant 
                        programs, as determined by the Secretary.
          ``(4) Proposal review.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                process for the review of proposals submitted under 
                paragraph (2) that ranks each proposal based on--
                          ``(i) the extent to which the proposal would 
                        achieve the requirements described in 
                        subsection (d); and
                          ``(ii) the priorities described in paragraph 
                        (3)(A).
                  ``(B) Regional review.--The Secretary may carry out 
                the process described in subparagraph (A) at a regional 
                level.
          ``(5) Compliance with nepa.--Financial and technical 
        assistance carried out under this section for landscape 
        restoration projects on State forest land or private forest 
        land shall not constitute a major Federal action for the 
        purposes of section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental 
        Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332(2)(C)).
  ``(h) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment 
of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
a report that includes--
          ``(1) a description of the status of the development, 
        execution, and administration of landscape-scale projects 
        selected under the program under this section;
          ``(2) an accounting of expenditures under such program; and
          ``(3) specific accomplishments that have resulted from 
        landscape-scale projects under such program.
  ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary for the landscape-scale restoration 
program established under subsection (c) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023, to remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 8105. RURAL REVITALIZATION TECHNOLOGIES.

  Section 2371(d)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6601(d)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 8106. COMMUNITY WOOD ENERGY AND WOOD INNOVATION PROGRAM.

  Section 9013 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
U.S.C. 8113) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 9013. COMMUNITY WOOD ENERGY AND WOOD INNOVATION PROGRAM.

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Community wood energy system.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `community wood energy 
                system' means an energy system that--
                          ``(i) produces thermal energy or combined 
                        thermal energy and electricity where thermal is 
                        the primary energy output;
                          ``(ii) services public facilities owned or 
                        operated by State or local governments 
                        (including schools, town halls, libraries, and 
                        other public buildings) or private or nonprofit 
                        facilities (including commercial and business 
                        facilities, such as hospitals, office 
                        buildings, apartment buildings, and 
                        manufacturing and industrial buildings); and
                          ``(iii) uses woody biomass, including 
                        residuals from wood processing facilities, as 
                        the primary fuel.
                  ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `community wood energy 
                system' includes single-facility central heating, 
                district heating systems serving multiple buildings, 
                combined heat and electric systems where thermal energy 
                is the primary energy output, and other related biomass 
                energy systems.
          ``(2) Innovative wood product facility.--The term `innovative 
        wood product facility' means a manufacturing or processing 
        plant or mill that produces--
                  ``(A) building components or systems that use large 
                panelized wood construction, including mass timber;
                  ``(B) wood products derived from nanotechnology or 
                other new technology processes, as determined by the 
                Secretary; or
                  ``(C) other innovative wood products that use low-
                value, low-quality wood, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
          ``(3) Mass timber.--The term `mass timber' includes--
                  ``(A) cross-laminated timber;
                  ``(B) nail-laminated timber;
                  ``(C) glue-laminated timber;
                  ``(D) laminated strand lumber; and
                  ``(E) laminated veneer lumber.
          ``(4) Program.--The term `Program' means the Community Wood 
        Energy and Wood Innovation Program established under subsection 
        (b).
  ``(b) Competitive Grant Program.--The Secretary, acting through the 
Chief of the Forest Service, shall establish a competitive grant 
program to be known as the `Community Wood Energy and Wood Innovation 
Program'.
  ``(c) Matching Grants.--
          ``(1) In general.--Under the Program, the Secretary shall 
        make grants to cover not more than 35 percent of the capital 
        cost for installing a community wood energy system or building 
        an innovative wood product facility.
          ``(2) Special circumstances.--The Secretary may establish 
        special circumstances, such as in the case of a community wood 
        energy system project or innovative wood product facility 
        project involving a school or hospital in a low-income 
        community, under which grants under the Program may cover up to 
        50 percent of the capital cost.
          ``(3) Source of matching funds.--Matching funds required 
        pursuant to this subsection from a grant recipient must be 
        derived from non-Federal funds.
  ``(d) Project Cap.--The total amount of grants under the Program for 
a community wood energy system project or innovative wood product 
facility project may not exceed--
          ``(1) in the case of grants under the general authority 
        provided under subsection (c)(1), $1,000,000; and
          ``(2) in the case of grants for which the special 
        circumstances apply under subsection (c)(2), $1,500,000.
  ``(e) Selection Criteria.--In selecting applicants for grants under 
the Program, the Secretary shall consider the following:
          ``(1) The energy efficiency of the proposed community wood 
        energy system or innovative wood product facility.
          ``(2) The cost effectiveness of the proposed community wood 
        energy system or innovative wood product facility.
          ``(3) The extent to which the proposed community wood energy 
        system or innovative wood product facility represents the best 
        available commercial technology.
          ``(4) The extent to which the applicant has demonstrated a 
        high likelihood of project success by completing detailed 
        engineering and design work in advance of the grant 
        application.
          ``(5) Other technical, economic, conservation, and 
        environmental criteria that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
  ``(f) Grant Priorities.--In selecting applicants for grants under the 
Program, the Secretary shall give priority to proposals that--
          ``(1) would be carried out in a location where markets are 
        needed for the low-value, low-quality wood;
          ``(2) would be carried out in a location with limited access 
        to natural gas pipelines;
          ``(3) would include the use or retrofitting (or both) of 
        existing sawmill facilities located in a location where the 
        average annual unemployment rate exceeded the national average 
        unemployment rate by more than 1 percent during the previous 
        calendar year; or
          ``(4) would be carried out in a location where the project 
        will aid with forest restoration.
  ``(g) Limitations.--
          ``(1) Capacity of community wood energy systems.--A community 
        wood energy system acquired with grant funds under the Program 
        shall not exceed nameplate capacity of 10 megawatts of thermal 
        energy or combined thermal and electric energy.
          ``(2) Funding for innovative wood product facilities.--Not 
        more than 25 percent of funds provided as grants under the 
        Program for a fiscal year may go to applicants proposing 
        innovative wood product facilities, unless the Secretary has 
        received an insufficient number of qualified proposals for 
        community wood energy systems.
  ``(h) Funding.--There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
the Program $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 8107. HEALTHY FORESTS RESTORATION ACT OF 2003 AMENDMENTS.

  (a) Healthy Forests Reserve Program.--
          (1) Additional purpose of program.--Section 501(a) of the 
        Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6571(a)) is 
        amended--
                  (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (2);
                  (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); 
                and
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph:
          ``(3) to conserve forest land that provides habitat for 
        species described in section 502(b)(1); and''.
          (2) Eligibility for enrollment.--Subsection (b) of section 
        502 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 
        6572) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(b) Eligibility.--To be eligible for enrollment in the healthy 
forests reserve program, land shall be private forest land, or private 
land being restored to forest land, the enrollment of which will 
maintain, restore, enhance, or otherwise measurably--
          ``(1) increase the likelihood of recovery of a species that 
        is listed as endangered or threatened under section 4 of the 
        Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1533); or
          ``(2) improve the well-being of a species that--
                  ``(A) is--
                          ``(i) not listed as endangered or threatened 
                        under such section; and
                          ``(ii) a candidate for such listing, a State-
                        listed species, or a special concern species; 
                        or
                  ``(B) is deemed a species of greatest conservation 
                need by a State wildlife action plan.''.
          (3) Other enrollment considerations.--Section 502(c) of the 
        Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6572(c)) is 
        amended--
                  (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (1);
                  (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph:
          ``(2) conserve forest lands that provide habitat for species 
        described in subsection (b)(1); and''.
          (4) Elimination of limitation on use of easements.--Section 
        502(e) of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 
        U.S.C. 6572(e)) is amended by striking paragraph (2) and 
        redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
          (5) Enrollment of acreage owned by an indian tribe.--Section 
        502(e)(2)(B) of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 
        U.S.C. 6572(e)(3)(B)), as redesignated under paragraph (4), is 
        amended by striking clauses (ii) and (iii) and inserting the 
        following new clauses:
                          ``(ii) a 10-year, cost-share agreement;
                          ``(iii) a permanent easement; or
                          ``(iv) any combination of the options 
                        described in clauses (i) through (iii).''.
          (6) Species-related enrollment priority.--Subparagraph (B) of 
        section 502(f)(1) of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 
        2003 (16 U.S.C. 6572(f)(1)) is amended to read as follows:
                  ``(B) secondarily, species that--
                          ``(i) are--
                                  ``(I) not listed as endangered or 
                                threatened under section 4 of the 
                                Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
                                U.S.C. 1533); and
                                  ``(II) candidates for such listing, 
                                State-listed species, or special 
                                concern species; or
                          ``(ii) are species of greatest conservation 
                        need, as identified in State wildlife action 
                        plans.''.
          (7) Restoration plans.--Subsection (b) of section 503 of the 
        Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6573) is 
        amended to read as follows:
  ``(b) Practices.--The restoration plan shall require such restoration 
practices and measures, as are necessary to restore and enhance habitat 
for species described in section 502(b), including the following:
          ``(1) Land management practices.
          ``(2) Vegetative treatments.
          ``(3) Structural practices and measures.
          ``(4) Other practices and measures.''.
          (8) Funding.--Section 508(b) of the Healthy Forests 
        Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6578(b)) is amended--
                  (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Fiscal 
                Years 2014 Through 2018'' and inserting ``Authorization 
                of Appropriations''; and
                  (B) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
          (9) Technical correction.--Section 503(a) of the Healthy 
        Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6573(a)) is amended 
        by striking ``Secretary of Interior'' and inserting ``Secretary 
        of the Interior''.
  (b) Insect and Disease Infestation.--
          (1) Treatment of areas.--Section 602(d)(1) of the Healthy 
        Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591a(d)(1)) is 
        amended by striking ``subsection (b) to reduce the risk or 
        extent of, or increase the resilience to, insect or disease 
        infestation in the areas.'' and inserting the following: 
        ``subsection (b)--
                  ``(A) to reduce the risk or extent of, or increase 
                the resilience to, insect or disease infestation; or
                  ``(B) to reduce hazardous fuels.''.
          (2) Permanent authority.--Section 602(d)(2) of the Healthy 
        Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591a(d)(2)) is 
        amended by striking ``for which a public notice to initiate 
        scoping is issued on or before September 30, 2018,''.
  (c) Administrative Review.--
          (1) Clarification of treatment of areas.--Section 603(a) of 
        the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 
        6591b(a)) is amended by striking ``in accordance with section 
        602(d)'' and inserting ``in accordance with section 
        602(d)(1)''.
          (2) Project size and location.--Section 603(c)(1) of the 
        Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591b(c)(1)) 
        is amended by striking ``3000'' and inserting ``6,000''.

SEC. 8108. NATIONAL FOREST FOUNDATION ACT AUTHORITIES.

  (a) Extension of Authority to Provide Matching Funds for 
Administrative and Project Expenses.--Section 405(b) of the National 
Forest Foundation Act (16 U.S.C. 583j-3(b)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
  (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 410(b) of the National 
Forest Foundation Act (16 U.S.C. 583j-8(b)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

 Subtitle B--Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act 
                           of 2000 Amendments

SEC. 8201. USE OF RESERVED FUNDS FOR TITLE II PROJECTS ON FEDERAL LAND 
                    AND CERTAIN NON-FEDERAL LAND.

  Section 204(f) of the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-
Determination Act of 2000 (16 U.S.C. 7124(f)) is amended to read as 
follows:
  ``(f) Requirements for Project Funds.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        concerned shall ensure that at least 50 percent of the project 
        funds reserved under section 102(d) by a participating county 
        shall be available only for projects that--
                  ``(A) include--
                          ``(i) the sale of timber or other forest 
                        products;
                          ``(ii) reduce fire risks; or
                          ``(iii) improve water supplies; and
                  ``(B) implement stewardship objectives that enhance 
                forest ecosystems or restore and improve land health 
                and water quality.
          ``(2) Applicability.--The requirement in paragraph (1) shall 
        apply only to project funds reserved by a participating county 
        whose boundaries include Federal land that the Secretary 
        concerned determines has been subject to a timber or other 
        forest products program within 5 fiscal years before the fiscal 
        year in which the funds are reserved.''.

SEC. 8202. RESOURCE ADVISORY COMMITTEES.

  (a) Recognition of Resource Advisory Committees.--Section 205(a)(4) 
of the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 
2000 (16 U.S.C. 7125(a)(4)) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place 
it appears and inserting ``2023''.
  (b) Reduction in Composition of Committees.--Section 205(d) of the 
Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 (16 
U.S.C. 7125(d)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``15 members'' and 
        inserting ``9 members''; and
          (2) by striking ``5 persons'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``3 persons''.
  (c) Expanding Local Participation on Committees.--Section 205(d) of 
the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 
(16 U.S.C. 7125(d)) is further amended--
          (1) in paragraph (3), by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``, consistent with the requirements of 
        paragraph (4)''; and
          (2) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(4) Geographic distribution.--The members of a resource 
        advisory committee shall reside within the county or counties 
        in which the committee has jurisdiction, or an adjacent 
        county.''.
  (d) Appointment of Resource Advisory Committees by Applicable 
Designee.--
          (1) In general.--Section 205 of the Secure Rural Schools and 
        Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 (16 U.S.C. 7125) is 
        further amended--
                  (A) in subsection (a)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(or 
                        applicable designee)'' after ``The Secretary 
                        concerned'';
                          (ii) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``(or 
                        applicable designee)'' after ``the Secretary 
                        concerned''; and
                          (iii) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``(or 
                        applicable designee)'' after ``the Secretary 
                        concerned'' both places it appears;
                  (B) in subsection (b)(6), by inserting ``(or 
                applicable designee)'' after ``the Secretary 
                concerned'';
                  (C) in subsection (c)--
                          (i) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                        ``or Applicable Designee'' after ``by the 
                        Secretary'';
                          (ii) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(or 
                        applicable designee)'' after ``The Secretary 
                        concerned'' both places it appears;
                          (iii) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``(or 
                        applicable designee)'' after ``The Secretary 
                        concerned'';
                          (iv) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``(or 
                        applicable designee)'' after ``The Secretary 
                        concerned''; and
                          (v) by adding at the end the following new 
                        paragraph:
          ``(6) Applicable designee.--In this section, the term 
        `applicable designee' means--
                  ``(A) with respect to Federal land described in 
                section 3(7)(A), the applicable Regional Forester; and
                  ``(B) with respect to Federal land described in 
                section 3(7)(B), the applicable Bureau of Land 
                Management State Director.'';
                  (D) in subsection (d)(3), by inserting ``(or 
                applicable designee)'' after ``the Secretary 
                concerned''; and
                  (E) in subsection (f)(1)--
                          (i) by inserting ``(or applicable designee)'' 
                        after ``the Secretary concerned''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``(or applicable 
                        designee)'' after ``of the Secretary''.
          (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 201(3) of the Secure Rural 
        Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 (16 U.S.C. 
        7121(3)) is amended by inserting ``(or applicable designee (as 
        defined in section 205(c)(6)))'' after ``Secretary concerned'' 
        both places it appears.

SEC. 8203. PROGRAM FOR TITLE II SELF-SUSTAINING RESOURCE ADVISORY 
                    COMMITTEE PROJECTS.

  (a) Self-Sustaining Resource Advisory Committee Projects.--Title II 
of the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 
2000 (16 U.S.C. 7121 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``SEC. 209. PROGRAM FOR SELF-SUSTAINING RESOURCE ADVISORY COMMITTEE 
                    PROJECTS.

  ``(a) RAC Program.--The Chief of the Forest Service shall conduct a 
program (to be known as the `self-sustaining resource advisory 
committee program' or `RAC program') under which 10 resource advisory 
committees will propose projects authorized by subsection (c) to be 
carried out using project funds reserved by a participating county 
under section 102(d).
  ``(b) Selection of Participating Resource Advisory Committees.--The 
selection of resource advisory committees to participate in the RAC 
program is in the sole discretion of the Chief of the Forest Service.
  ``(c) Authorized Projects.--Notwithstanding the project purposes 
specified in sections 202(b), 203(c), and 204(a)(5), projects under the 
RAC program are intended to--
          ``(1) accomplish forest management objectives or support 
        community development; and
          ``(2) generate receipts.
  ``(d) Deposit and Availability of Revenues.--Any revenue generated by 
a project conducted under the RAC program, including any interest 
accrued from the revenues, shall be--
          ``(1) deposited in the special account in the Treasury 
        established under section 102(d)(2)(A); and
          ``(2) available, in such amounts as may be provided in 
        advance in appropriation Acts, for additional projects under 
        the RAC program.
  ``(e) Termination of Authority.--
          ``(1) In general.--The authority to initiate a project under 
        the RAC program shall terminate on September 30, 2023.
          ``(2) Deposits in treasury.--Any funds available for projects 
        under the RAC program and not obligated by September 30, 2024, 
        shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States.''.
  (b) Exception to General Rule Regarding Treatment of Receipts.--
Section 403(b) of the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-
Determination Act of 2000 (16 U.S.C. 7153(b)) is amended by striking 
``All revenues'' and inserting ``Except as provided in section 209, all 
revenues''.

 Subtitle C--Availability of Categorical Exclusions To Expedite Forest 
                         Management Activities

                       PART I--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 8301. DEFINITIONS.

  In this subtitle:
          (1) Catastrophic event.--The term ``catastrophic event'' 
        means any natural disaster (such as hurricane, tornado, 
        windstorm, snow or ice storm, rain storm, high water, wind-
        driven water, tidal wave, earthquake, volcanic eruption, 
        landslide, mudslide, drought, or insect or disease outbreak) or 
        any fire, flood, or explosion, regardless of cause.
          (2) Coos bay wagon road grant lands.--The term ``Coos Bay 
        Wagon Road Grant lands'' means the lands reconveyed to the 
        United States pursuant to the first section of the Act of 
        February 26, 1919 (40 Stat. 1179).
          (3) Forest management activity.--The term ``forest management 
        activity'' means a project or activity carried out by the 
        Secretary concerned on National Forest System lands or public 
        lands consistent with the forest plan covering the lands.
          (4) Forest plan.--The term ``forest plan'' means--
                  (A) a land use plan prepared by the Bureau of Land 
                Management for public lands pursuant to section 202 of 
                the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 
                U.S.C. 1712); or
                  (B) a land and resource management plan prepared by 
                the Forest Service for a unit of the National Forest 
                System pursuant to section 6 of the Forest and 
                Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 
                U.S.C. 1604).
          (5) National forest system.--The term ``National Forest 
        System'' has the meaning given that term in section 11(a) of 
        the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 
        1974 (16 U.S.C. 1609(a)).
          (6) Oregon and california railroad grant lands.--The term 
        ``Oregon and California Railroad Grant lands'' means the 
        following lands:
                  (A) All lands in the State of Oregon revested in the 
                United States under the Act of June 9, 1916 (39 Stat. 
                218), that are administered by the Secretary of the 
                Interior, acting through the Bureau of Land Management, 
                pursuant to the first section of the Act of August 28, 
                1937 (43 U.S.C. 1181a).
                  (B) All lands in that State obtained by the Secretary 
                of the Interior pursuant to the land exchanges 
                authorized and directed by section 2 of the Act of June 
                24, 1954 (43 U.S.C. 1181h).
                  (C) All lands in that State acquired by the United 
                States at any time and made subject to the provisions 
                of title II of the Act of August 28, 1937 (43 U.S.C. 
                1181f).
          (7) Public lands.--The term ``public lands'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 103 of the Federal Land Policy and 
        Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1702), except that the term 
        includes Coos Bay Wagon Road Grant lands and Oregon and 
        California Railroad Grant lands.
          (8) Reforestation activity.--The term ``reforestation 
        activity'' means a forest management activity carried out by 
        the Secretary concerned where the primary purpose is the 
        reforestation of impacted lands following a catastrophic event. 
        The term includes planting, evaluating and enhancing natural 
        regeneration, clearing competing vegetation, and other 
        activities related to reestablishment of forest species on the 
        impacted lands.
          (9) Resource advisory committee.--The term ``resource 
        advisory committee'' has the meaning given that term in section 
        201 of the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-
        Determination Act of 2000 (16 U.S.C. 7121).
          (10) Salvage operation.--The term ``salvage operation'' means 
        a forest management activity carried out in response to a 
        catastrophic event where the primary purpose is--
                  (A) to prevent wildfire as a result of the 
                catastrophic event, or, if the catastrophic event was 
                wildfire, to prevent a re-burn of the fire-impacted 
                area;
                  (B) to provide an opportunity for utilization of 
                forest materials damaged as a result of the 
                catastrophic event; or
                  (C) to provide a funding source for reforestation for 
                the National Forest System lands or public lands 
                impacted by the catastrophic event.
          (11) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary concerned'' 
        means--
                  (A) the Secretary of Agriculture, with respect to 
                National Forest System lands; and
                  (B) the Secretary of the Interior, with respect to 
                public lands.

SEC. 8302. RULE OF APPLICATION FOR NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM LANDS AND 
                    PUBLIC LANDS.

  Unless specifically provided by a provision of this subtitle, the 
authorities provided by this subtitle do not apply with respect to any 
National Forest System lands or public lands--
          (1) that are included in the National Wilderness Preservation 
        System;
          (2) that are located within a national or State-specific 
        inventoried roadless area established by the Secretary of 
        Agriculture through regulation, unless--
                  (A) the forest management activity to be carried out 
                under such authority is consistent with the forest plan 
                applicable to the area; or
                  (B) the Secretary of Agriculture determines the 
                forest management activity is permissible under the 
                applicable roadless rule governing such lands; or
          (3) on which timber harvesting for any purpose is prohibited 
        by Federal statute.

SEC. 8303. CONSULTATION UNDER THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT.

  (a) No Consultation if Action Not Likely To Adversely Affect a Listed 
Species or Designated Critical Habitat.--With respect to a forest 
management activity carried out pursuant to this subtitle, consultation 
under section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536) 
shall not be required if the Secretary concerned determines that such 
forest management activity is not likely to adversely affect a listed 
species or designated critical habitat.
  (b) Expedited Consultation.--With respect to a forest management 
activity carried out pursuant to this subtitle, consultation required 
under section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536) 
shall be concluded within the 90-day period beginning on the date on 
which such consultation was requested by the Secretary concerned.

SEC. 8304. SECRETARIAL DISCRETION IN THE CASE OF TWO OR MORE 
                    CATEGORICAL EXCLUSIONS.

  To the extent that a forest management activity may be categorically 
excluded under more than one of the sections of this subtitle, the 
Secretary concerned shall have full discretion to determine which 
categorical exclusion to use.

                    PART II--CATEGORICAL EXCLUSIONS

SEC. 8311. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION TO EXPEDITE CERTAIN CRITICAL RESPONSE 
                    ACTIONS.

  (a) Categorical Exclusion Established.--Forest management activities 
described in subsection (b) are a category of actions hereby designated 
as being categorically excluded from the preparation of an 
environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under 
section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4332).
  (b) Forest Management Activities Designated for Categorical 
Exclusion.--The category of forest management activities designated 
under this section for a categorical exclusion are forest management 
activities carried out by the Secretary concerned on National Forest 
System lands or public lands where the primary purpose of such activity 
is--
          (1) to address an insect or disease infestation;
          (2) to reduce hazardous fuel loads;
          (3) to protect a municipal water source;
          (4) to maintain, enhance, or modify critical habitat to 
        protect it from catastrophic disturbances;
          (5) to increase water yield; or
          (6) any combination of the purposes specified in paragraphs 
        (1) through (5).
  (c) Availability of Categorical Exclusion.--On and after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary concerned may use the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) in accordance 
with this section.
  (d) Acreage Limitations.--A forest management activity covered by the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) may not contain 
treatment units exceeding a total of 6,000 acres.

SEC. 8312. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION TO EXPEDITE SALVAGE OPERATIONS IN 
                    RESPONSE TO CATASTROPHIC EVENTS.

  (a) Categorical Exclusion Established.--Salvage operations carried 
out by the Secretary concerned on National Forest System lands or 
public lands are a category of actions hereby designated as being 
categorically excluded from the preparation of an environmental 
assessment or an environmental impact statement under section 102 of 
the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332).
  (b) Availability of Categorical Exclusion.--On and after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary concerned may use the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) in accordance 
with this section.
  (c) Acreage Limitation.--A salvage operation covered by the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) may not contain 
treatment units exceeding a total of 6,000 acres.
  (d) Additional Requirements.--
          (1) Stream buffers.--A salvage operation covered by the 
        categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) shall 
        comply with the standards and guidelines for stream buffers 
        contained in the applicable forest plan, except that the 
        Regional Forester, in the case of National Forest System lands, 
        or the State Director of the Bureau of Land Management, in the 
        case of public lands, may, on a case-by-case basis, waive the 
        standards and guidelines.
          (2) Reforestation plan.--A reforestation plan shall be 
        developed under section 3 of the Act of June 9, 1930 (commonly 
        known as the Knutson-Vandenberg Act; (16 U.S.C. 576b)), as part 
        of a salvage operation covered by the categorical exclusion 
        established under subsection (a).

SEC. 8313. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION TO MEET FOREST PLAN GOALS FOR EARLY 
                    SUCCESSIONAL FORESTS.

  (a) Categorical Exclusion Established.--Forest management activities 
described in subsection (b) are a category of actions hereby designated 
as being categorically excluded from the preparation of an 
environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under 
section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4332).
  (b) Forest Management Activities Designated for Categorical 
Exclusion.--The category of forest management activities designated 
under this section for a categorical exclusion are forest management 
activities carried out by the Secretary concerned on National Forest 
System lands or public lands where the primary purpose of such activity 
is to improve, enhance, or create early successional forests for 
wildlife habitat improvement and other purposes, consistent with the 
applicable forest plan.
  (c) Availability of Categorical Exclusion.--On and after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary concerned may use the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) in accordance 
with this section.
  (d) Project Goals.--To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary 
concerned shall design a forest management activity under this section 
to meet early successional forest goals in such a manner so as to 
maximize production and regeneration of priority species, as identified 
in the forest plan and consistent with the capability of the activity 
site.
  (e) Acreage Limitations.--A forest management activity covered by the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) may not contain 
treatment units exceeding a total of 6,000 acres.

SEC. 8314. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR HAZARD TREES.

  (a) Categorical Exclusion Established.--Forest management activities 
carried out by the Secretary concerned to remove hazard trees for 
purposes of the protection of public health or safety, water supply, or 
public infrastructure are a category of actions hereby designated as 
being categorically excluded from the preparation of an environmental 
assessment or an environmental impact statement under section 102 of 
the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332).
  (b) Availability of Categorical Exclusion.--On and after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary concerned may use the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) in accordance 
with this section.

SEC. 8315. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION TO IMPROVE OR RESTORE NATIONAL FOREST 
                    SYSTEM LANDS OR PUBLIC LAND OR REDUCE THE RISK OF 
                    WILDFIRE.

  (a) Categorical Exclusion Established.--Forest management activities 
described in subsection (b) are a category of actions hereby designated 
as being categorically excluded from the preparation of an 
environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under 
section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4332).
  (b) Forest Management Activities Designated for Categorical 
Exclusion.--
          (1) Designation.--The category of forest management 
        activities designated under this section for a categorical 
        exclusion are forest management activities described in 
        paragraph (2) that are carried out by the Secretary concerned 
        on National Forest System lands or public lands where the 
        primary purpose of such activity is to improve or restore such 
        lands or reduce the risk of wildfire on those lands.
          (2) Activities authorized.--The following forest management 
        activities may be carried out pursuant to the categorical 
        exclusion established under subsection (a):
                  (A) Removal of juniper trees, medusahead rye, conifer 
                trees, pinon pine trees, cheatgrass, and other noxious 
                or invasive weeds specified on Federal or State noxious 
                weeds lists through late-season livestock grazing, 
                targeted livestock grazing, prescribed burns, and 
                mechanical treatments.
                  (B) Performance of hazardous fuels management.
                  (C) Creation of fuel and fire breaks.
                  (D) Modification of existing fences in order to 
                distribute livestock and help improve wildlife habitat.
                  (E) Stream restoration and erosion control, including 
                the installation of erosion control devices.
                  (F) Construction of new and maintenance of permanent 
                infrastructure, including stock ponds, water 
                catchments, and water spring boxes used to benefit 
                livestock and improve wildlife habitat.
                  (G) Performance of soil treatments, native and non-
                native seeding, and planting of and transplanting 
                sagebrush, grass, forb, shrub, and other species.
                  (H) Use of herbicides, so long as the Secretary 
                concerned determines that the activity is otherwise 
                conducted consistently with agency procedures, 
                including any forest plan applicable to the area 
                covered by the activity.
  (c) Availability of Categorical Exclusion.--On and after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary concerned may use the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) in accordance 
with this section.
  (d) Acreage Limitations.--A forest management activity covered by the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) may not contain 
treatment units exceeding a total of 6,000 acres.
  (e) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Hazardous fuels management.--The term ``hazardous fuels 
        management'' means any vegetation management activities that 
        reduce the risk of wildfire.
          (2) Late-season grazing.--The term ``late-season grazing'' 
        means grazing activities that occur after both the invasive 
        species and native perennial species have completed their 
        current-year annual growth cycle until new plant growth begins 
        to appear in the following year.
          (3) Targeted livestock grazing.--The term ``targeted 
        livestock grazing'' means grazing used for purposes of 
        hazardous fuels management.

SEC. 8316. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR FOREST RESTORATION.

  (a) Categorical Exclusion Established.--Forest management activities 
described in subsection (b) are a category of actions hereby designated 
as being categorically excluded from the preparation of an 
environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under 
section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4332).
  (b) Forest Management Activities Designated for Categorical 
Exclusion.--
          (1) Designation.--The category of forest management 
        activities designated under this section for categorical 
        exclusion are forest management activities described in 
        paragraph (2) that are carried out by the Secretary concerned 
        on National Forest System lands or public lands where the 
        primary purpose of such activity is--
                  (A) to improve forest health and resiliency to 
                disturbances;
                  (B) to reduce hazardous fuels; or
                  (C) to improve wildlife and aquatic habitat.
          (2) Activities authorized.--The following forest management 
        activities may be carried out pursuant the categorical 
        exclusion established under subsection (a):
                  (A) Timber harvests, including commercial and pre-
                commercial timber harvest, salvage harvest, and 
                regeneration harvest.
                  (B) Hazardous fuels reduction.
                  (C) Prescribed burning.
                  (D) Improvement or establishment of wildlife and 
                aquatic habitat.
                  (E) Stream restoration and erosion control.
                  (F) Road and trail decommissioning.
  (c) Availability of Categorical Exclusion.--On and after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary concerned may use the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) in accordance 
with this section.
  (d) Acreage Limitations.--A forest management activity covered by the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) may not contain 
treatment units exceeding a total of 6,000 acres.
  (e) Limitations on Road Building.--
          (1) Permanent roads.--A forest management activity covered by 
        the categorical exclusion established by subsection (a) may 
        include--
                  (A) the construction of permanent roads not to exceed 
                3 miles; and
                  (B) the maintenance and reconstruction of existing 
                permanent roads and trails, including the relocation of 
                segments of existing roads and trails to address 
                resource impacts.
          (2) Temporary roads.--Any temporary road constructed for a 
        forest management activity covered by the categorical exclusion 
        established by subsection (a) shall be decommissioned not later 
        than 3 years after the date on which the project is completed.

SEC. 8317. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR INFRASTRUCTURE FOREST MANAGEMENT 
                    ACTIVITIES.

  (a) Categorical Exclusion Established.--Forest management activities 
described in subsection (b) are a category of actions hereby designated 
as being categorically excluded from the preparation of an 
environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under 
section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4332).
  (b) Forest Management Activities Designated for Categorical 
Exclusion.--The category of forest management activities designated 
under this section for categorical exclusion are forest management 
activities carried out by the Secretary of Agriculture on National 
Forest System lands where the primary purpose of such activity is--
          (1) constructing, reconstructing, or decommissioning National 
        Forest System roads not exceeding 3 miles;
          (2) adding an existing road to the forest transportation 
        system;
          (3) reclassifying a National Forest System road at a 
        different maintenance level;
          (4) reconstructing, rehabilitating, or decommissioning 
        bridges;
          (5) removing dams; or
          (6) maintaining facilities through the use of pesticides as 
        authorized by applicable Federal and State law and as applied 
        in accordance with label instructions.
  (c) Availability of Categorical Exclusion.--On and after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture may use the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) in accordance 
with this section.

SEC. 8318. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR DEVELOPED RECREATION SITES.

  (a) Categorical Exclusion Established.--Forest management activities 
described in subsection (b) are a category of actions hereby designated 
as being categorically excluded from the preparation of an 
environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under 
section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4332).
  (b) Forest Management Activities Designated for Categorical 
Exclusion.--
          (1) Designation.--The category of forest management 
        activities designated under this section for a categorical 
        exclusion are forest management activities described in 
        paragraph (2) carried out by the Secretary of Agriculture on 
        National Forest System lands where the primary purpose of such 
        activity is to operate, maintain, modify, reconstruct, or 
        decommission existing developed recreation sites.
          (2) Activities authorized.--The following forest management 
        activities may be carried out pursuant to the categorical 
        exclusion under subsection (a):
                  (A) Constructing, modifying, or reconstructing toilet 
                or shower facilities.
                  (B) Constructing, modifying, or reconstructing 
                fishing piers, wildlife viewing platforms, docks, or 
                other constructed recreation sites or facilities.
                  (C) Constructing, reconstructing, or maintaining, 
                parking areas, National Forest System roads, or 
                National Forest System trails within or connecting to 
                recreation sites, including paving and road and trail 
                rerouting, except that--
                          (i) permanent roads constructed under this 
                        section may not exceed 3 miles; and
                          (ii) temporary roads constructed for projects 
                        covered by this section shall be decommissioned 
                        within 3 years of completion of the project.
                  (D) Modifying or reconstructing existing water or 
                waste disposal systems.
                  (E) Constructing, modifying, or reconstructing single 
                or group use sites.
                  (F) Decommissioning recreation facilities or portions 
                of recreation facilities.
                  (G) Decommissioning National Forest System roads or 
                National Forest System trails not exceeding 3 miles 
                within or connecting to developed recreation sites.
                  (H) Constructing, modifying, or reconstructing boat 
                landings.
                  (I) Reconstructing existing ski lifts.
                  (K) Modifying or reconstructing a recreation lodging 
                rental.
  (c) Availability of Categorical Exclusion.--On and after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture may use the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) in accordance 
with this section.

SEC. 8319. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR ADMINISTRATIVE SITES.

  (a) Categorical Exclusion Established.--Forest management activities 
described in subsection (b) are a category of actions hereby designated 
as being categorically excluded from the preparation of an 
environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under 
section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4332).
  (b) Forest Management Activities Designated for Categorical 
Exclusion.--The category of forest management activities designated 
under this section for a categorical exclusion are forest management 
activities carried out by the Secretary of Agriculture on National 
Forest System lands where the primary purpose of such activity is to 
construct, reconstruct, maintain, decommission, relocate, or dispose of 
an administrative site.
  (c) Availability of Categorical Exclusion.--On and after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture may use the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) in accordance 
with this section.
  (d) Limitations.--
          (1) Permanent roads.--A project covered by the categorical 
        exclusion established by subsection (a) may include--
                  (A) the construction of permanent roads not to exceed 
                3 miles; and
                  (B) the maintenance and reconstruction of existing 
                permanent roads and trails, including the relocation of 
                segments of existing roads and trails to address 
                resource impacts.
          (2) Temporary roads.--Any temporary road constructed for a 
        project covered by the categorical exclusion established by 
        subsection (a) shall be decommissioned not later than 3 years 
        after the date on which the project is completed.
          (3) Pesticides.--Pesticides may only be used to carry out a 
        project covered by the categorical exclusion established by 
        subsection (a) as authorized by applicable Federal and State 
        law and as applied in accordance with label instructions.
  (e) Definition of Administrative Site.--In this section, the term 
``administrative site'' has the meaning given the term in section 
502(1) of the Forest Service Facility Realignment and Enhancement Act 
of 2005 (16 U.S.C. 580d note).

SEC. 8320. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR SPECIAL USE AUTHORIZATIONS.

  (a) Categorical Exclusion Established.--Forest management activities 
described in subsection (b) are a category of actions hereby designated 
as being categorically excluded from the preparation of an 
environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under 
section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4332).
  (b) Forest Management Activities Designated for Categorical 
Exclusion.--The category of forest management activities designated 
under this section for a categorical exclusion are forest management 
activities carried out by the Secretary of Agriculture on National 
Forest System lands where the primary purpose of such activity is:
          (1) Issuance of a new special use authorization for an 
        existing or expired special use authorization, without any 
        substantial change in the scope and scale of the authorized use 
        and occupancy when--
                  (A) the issuance is a purely ministerial action to 
                account for administrative changes, such as a change in 
                ownership or expiration of the current authorization; 
                and
                  (B) the applicant or holder is in compliance with the 
                terms and conditions of the existing or expired special 
                use authorization.
          (2) Modification, removal, repair, maintenance, 
        reconstruction, or replacement of a facility or improvement for 
        an existing special use authorization.
          (3) Issuance of a new special use authorization or amendment 
        to an existing special use authorization for activities that 
        will occur on existing roads, trails, facilities, or areas 
        approved for use in a land management plan or other documented 
        decision.
          (4) Approval, modification, or continuation of minor, short-
        term (5 years or less) special uses of National Forest System 
        lands or public lands.
          (5) Issuance of a special use authorization for an existing 
        unauthorized use or occupancy that has not been deemed in 
        trespass where no new ground disturbance is proposed.
          (6) Approval or modification of minor special uses of 
        National Forest System lands or public lands that require less 
        than 20 contiguous acres.
          (7) Approval of vegetative management plans, and vegetation 
        management activities in accordance with an approved vegetation 
        management plan, under a special use authorization for an 
        electric transmission and distribution facility right-of-way.
  (c) Availability of Exclusion.--On and after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture may use the 
categorical exclusion established under subsection (a) in accordance 
with this section.
  (d) Document Requirements.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall not be 
required to prepare a project file or decision memorandum to 
categorically exclude a forest management activity described under 
paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (b).

SEC. 8321. CLARIFICATION OF EXISTING CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION AUTHORITY 
                    RELATED TO INSECT AND DISEASE INFESTATION.

  Section 603(c)(2)(B) of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 
(16 U.S.C. 6591b(c)(2)(B)) is amended by striking ``Fire Regime Groups 
I, II, or III'' and inserting ``Fire Regime I, Fire Regime II, Fire 
Regime III, Fire Regime IV, or Fire Regime V''.

          PART III--MISCELLANEOUS FOREST MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES

SEC. 8331. GOOD NEIGHBOR AGREEMENTS.

  Section 8206 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (16 U.S.C. 2113a) is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``Secretary or a 
                Governor'' and inserting ``Secretary, Governor, or 
                Indian Tribe'';
                  (B) in paragraph (4) by striking ``Secretary and a 
                Governor'' and inserting ``Secretary and either a 
                Governor or an Indian Tribe'';
                  (C) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (7), and (8) as 
                paragraphs (7), (8), and (9), respectively; and
                  (D) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following 
                new paragraph:
          ``(6) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian Tribe' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination 
        and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304));''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting ``or an Indian 
                Tribe'' after ``Governor''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or an Indian 
                Tribe'' after ``Governor''.

SEC. 8332. PROMOTING CROSS-BOUNDARY WILDFIRE MITIGATION.

  Section 103 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 
6513) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(3) Cross-boundary considerations.--For any fiscal year for 
        which the amount appropriated to the Secretary for hazardous 
        fuels reduction is in excess of $300,000,000, the Secretary--
                  ``(A) is encouraged to use the excess amounts for 
                hazardous fuels reduction projects that incorporate 
                cross-boundary treatments of landscapes on Federal land 
                and non-Federal land; and
                  ``(B) may use the excess amounts to support 
                authorized hazardous fuels reduction projects on non-
                Federal lands through grants to State Foresters, or 
                equivalent State officials, in accordance with 
                subsection (e) in an amount equal to the greater of--
                          ``(i) 20 percent of the excess amount; and
                          ``(ii) $20,000,000.''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  ``(e) Cross-Boundary Fuels Reduction Projects.--
          ``(1) In general.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
        Secretary shall use the excess funds described in subsection 
        (d)(3) to support hazardous fuels reduction projects that 
        incorporate treatments for hazardous fuels reduction in 
        landscapes across ownership boundaries on Federal, State, 
        county, or Tribal land, private land, and other non-Federal 
        land, particularly in areas identified as priorities in 
        applicable State-wide forest resource assessments or strategies 
        under section 2A(a) of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act 
        of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2101a(a)), as mutually agreed to by the 
        State Forester and the Regional Forester.
          ``(2) Land treatments.--To conduct and fund treatments for 
        projects that include Federal and non-Federal land, the 
        Secretary may--
                  ``(A) use the authorities of the Secretary relating 
                to cooperation and technical and financial assistance, 
                including the good neighbor authority under--
                          ``(i) section 8206 of the Agricultural Act of 
                        2014 (16 U.S.C. 2113a); and
                          ``(ii) section 331 of the Department of the 
                        Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations 
                        Act, 2001 (16 U.S.C. 1011 note; Public Law 106-
                        291); and
                  ``(B) allocate excess funds under subsection (d)(3) 
                for projects carried out pursuant to section 8206 of 
                the Agricultural Act of 2014 (16 U.S.C. 2113a).
          ``(3) Cooperation.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
        State Forester, in consultation with the Secretary (or a 
        designee)--
                  ``(A) shall consult with the owners of State, county, 
                Tribal, and private land and other non-Federal land 
                with respect to hazardous fuels reduction projects; and
                  ``(B) shall not implement any project on non-Federal 
                land without the consent of the owner of the non-
                Federal land.
          ``(4) Existing laws.--Regardless of the individual or entity 
        implementing a project on non-Federal land under this 
        subsection, only the laws and regulations that apply to non-
        Federal land shall be applicable with respect to the 
        project.''.

SEC. 8333. REGULATIONS REGARDING DESIGNATION OF DEAD OR DYING TREES OF 
                    CERTAIN TREE SPECIES ON NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM 
                    LANDS IN CALIFORNIA AS EXEMPT FROM PROHIBITION ON 
                    EXPORT OF UNPROCESSED TIMBER ORIGINATING FROM 
                    FEDERAL LANDS.

  (a) Issuance of Regulations.--Consistent with the rulemaking 
procedures specified in paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of section 489 
of the Forest Resources Conservation and Shortage Relief Act of 1990 
(16 U.S.C. 620a), the Secretary of Agriculture shall make a 
determination under paragraph (1) of such subsection that unprocessed 
timber derived from dead or dying trees of a covered tree species 
originating on National Forest System lands in the State of California 
are surplus to domestic manufacturing needs and therefore exempt from 
the export prohibition contained in subsection (a) of such section.
  (b) Elimination of Adverse Effects.--In making the determination 
under subsection (a) and in implementing any regulations issued under 
such subsection, the Secretary of Agriculture shall--
          (1) consult with representatives of sawmills in the State of 
        California and other interested persons; and
          (2) make reasonable efforts to avoid adversely impacting the 
        domestic sawmill industry in the State of California.
  (c) Special Contract Provisions.--The Secretary of Agriculture may 
adjust contract provisions for Forest Service contracts in region 5 of 
the National Forest System as the Secretary considers appropriate to 
ensure successful implementation of, and compliance with, the 
regulations issued under subsection (a).
  (d) Relation to Limitations on Timber Substitution.--Section 490 of 
the Forest Resources Conservation and Shortage Relief Act of 1990 (16 
U.S.C. 620b) shall not apply to unprocessed timber designated as 
surplus pursuant to the regulations issued under subsection (a).
  (e) Additional Staff for Implementation.--Using funds otherwise 
available to the Forest Service for management, protection, 
improvement, and utilization of the National Forest System, the 
Secretary of Agriculture may hire additional Forest Service employees 
to implement the regulations issued under subsection (a).
  (f) Duration of Regulations; Periodic Review.--The regulations issued 
under subsection (a) shall remain in effect for a 10-year period 
beginning on the date of the issuance of the regulations, except that 
the continued need for the regulations shall be subject to the periodic 
review required by the second sentence of section 489(b)(2) of the 
Forest Resources Conservation and Shortage Relief Act of 1990 (16 
U.S.C. 620a(b)(2)).
  (g) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Covered tree species.--The term ``covered tree species'' 
        means the following pine species:
                  (A) Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa).
                  (B) Sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana).
                  (C) Jeffrey pine (Pinus jefferyi).
                  (D) Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta).
          (2) Died or dying.--The term ``died or dying'', with respect 
        to a covered tree species, shall be determined in a manner 
        consistent with applicable Forest Service standards.

        Subtitle D--Tribal Forestry Participation and Protection

SEC. 8401. PROTECTION OF TRIBAL FOREST ASSETS THROUGH USE OF 
                    STEWARDSHIP END RESULT CONTRACTING AND OTHER 
                    AUTHORITIES.

  (a) Prompt Consideration of Tribal Requests.--Section 2(b) of the 
Tribal Forest Protection Act of 2004 (25 U.S.C. 3115a(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Not later than 120 days 
        after the date on which an Indian tribe submits to the 
        Secretary'' and inserting ``In response to the submission by an 
        Indian Tribe of''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(4) Time periods for consideration.--
                  ``(A) Initial response.--Not later than 120 days 
                after the date on which the Secretary receives a Tribal 
                request under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
                provide an initial response to the Indian Tribe 
                regarding--
                          ``(i) whether the request may meet the 
                        selection criteria described in subsection (c); 
                        and
                          ``(ii) the likelihood of the Secretary 
                        entering into an agreement or contract with the 
                        Indian Tribe under paragraph (2) for activities 
                        described in paragraph (3).
                  ``(B) Notice of denial.--Notice under subsection (d) 
                of the denial of a Tribal request under paragraph (1) 
                shall be provided not later than 1 year after the date 
                on which the Secretary received the request.
                  ``(C) Completion.--Not later than 2 years after the 
                date on which the Secretary receives a Tribal request 
                under paragraph (1), other than a Tribal request denied 
                under subsection (d), the Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) complete all environmental reviews 
                        necessary in connection with the agreement or 
                        contract and proposed activities under the 
                        agreement or contract; and
                          ``(ii) enter into the agreement or contract 
                        with the Indian Tribe under paragraph (2).''.
  (b) Conforming and Technical Amendments.--Section 2 of the Tribal 
Forest Protection Act of 2004 (25 U.S.C. 3115a) is amended--
          (1) in subsections (b)(1) and (f)(1), by striking ``section 
        347 of the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies 
        Appropriations Act, 1999 (16 U.S.C. 2104 note; Public Law 105-
        277) (as amended by section 323 of the Department of the 
        Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2003 (117 
        Stat. 275))'' and inserting ``section 604 of the Healthy 
        Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591c)''; and
          (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``subsection (b)(1), the 
        Secretary may'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) and (4)(B) of 
        subsection (b), the Secretary shall''.

SEC. 8402. TRIBAL FOREST MANAGEMENT DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.

  The Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture may 
carry out demonstration projects by which federally recognized Indian 
Tribes or Tribal organizations may contract to perform administrative, 
management, and other functions of programs of the Tribal Forest 
Protection Act of 2004 (25 U.S.C. 3115a et seq.) through contracts 
entered into under the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304 et seq.).

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 8501. CLARIFICATION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR WOOD 
                    BUILDING CONSTRUCTION.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall conduct performance-driven 
research and development, education, and technical assistance for the 
purpose of facilitating the use of innovative wood products in wood 
building construction in the United States.
  (b) Activities.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall--
          (1) after receipt of input and guidance from, and 
        collaboration with, the wood products industry, conservation 
        organizations, and institutions of higher education, conduct 
        research and development, education, and technical assistance 
        that meets measurable performance goals for the achievement of 
        the priorities described in subsection (c); and
          (2) after coordination and collaboration with the wood 
        products industry and conservation organizations, make 
        competitive grants to institutions of higher education to 
        conduct research and development, education, and technical 
        assistance that meets measurable performance goals for the 
        achievement of the priorities described in subsection (c).
  (c) Priorities.--The research and development, education, and 
technical assistance conducted under subsection (a) shall give priority 
to--
          (1) ways to improve the commercialization of innovative wood 
        products;
          (2) analyzing the safety of tall wood building materials;
          (3) calculations by the Secretary of the life cycle 
        environmental footprint, from extraction of raw materials 
        through the manufacturing process, of tall wood building 
        construction;
          (4) analyzing methods to reduce the life cycle environmental 
        footprint of tall wood building construction;
          (5) analyzing the potential implications of the use of 
        innovative wood products in building construction on wildlife; 
        and
          (6) one or more other research areas identified by the 
        Secretary, in consultation with conservation organizations, 
        institutions of higher education, and the wood products 
        industry.
  (d) Timeframe.--To the maximum extent practicable, the measurable 
performance goals for the research and development, education, and 
technical assistance conducted under subsection (a) shall be achievable 
within a 5-year period.
  (e) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Innovative wood product.--The term ``innovative wood 
        product'' means a type of building component or system that 
        uses large panelized wood construction, including mass timber.
          (2) Mass timber.--The term ``mass timber'' includes--
                  (A) cross-laminated timber;
                  (B) nail-laminated timber;
                  (C) glue-laminated timber;
                  (D) laminated strand lumber; and
                  (E) laminated veneer lumber.
          (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        Agriculture, acting through the Research and Development deputy 
        area and the State and Private Forestry deputy area of the 
        Forest Service.
          (4) Tall wood building.--The term ``tall wood building'' 
        means a building designed to be--
                  (A) constructed with mass timber; and
                  (B) more than 85 feet in height.

SEC. 8502. UTILITY INFRASTRUCTURE RIGHTS-OF-WAY VEGETATION MANAGEMENT 
                    PILOT PROGRAM.

  (a) Pilot Program Required.--To encourage owners or operators of 
rights-of-way on National Forest System land to partner with the Forest 
Service to voluntarily perform vegetation management on a proactive 
basis to better protect utility infrastructure from potential passing 
wildfires, the Secretary shall conduct a limited, voluntary pilot 
program, in the manner described in this section, to permit vegetation 
management projects on National Forest System land adjacent to or near 
such rights-of-way.
  (b) Eligible Participants.--A participant in the pilot program must 
have a right-of-way on National Forest System land. In selecting 
participants, the Secretary shall give priority to holders of a right-
of-way who have worked with Forest Service fire scientists and used 
technologies, such as Light Detection and Ranging surveys, to improve 
utility infrastructure protection prescriptions.
  (c) Project Elements.--A vegetation management project under the 
pilot program involves limited and selective vegetation management 
activities, which--
          (1) shall create the least amount of disturbance reasonably 
        necessary to protect utility infrastructure from passing 
        wildfires based on applicable models, including Forest Service 
        fuel models;
          (2) may include thinning, fuel reduction, creation and 
        treatment of shaded fuel breaks, and other measures as 
        appropriate;
          (3) shall only take place adjacent to the participant's 
        right-of-way or within 75 feet of the participant's right-of-
        way;
          (4) shall not take place in any designated wilderness area, 
        wilderness study area, or inventoried roadless area; and
          (5) shall be subject to approval by the Forest Service in 
        accordance with this section.
  (d) Project Costs.--A participant in the pilot program shall be 
responsible for all costs, as determined by the Secretary, incurred in 
participating in the pilot program, unless the Secretary determines 
that it is in the public interest for the Forest Service to contribute 
funds for a vegetation management project conducted under the pilot 
program.
  (e) Liability.--
          (1) In general.--Participation in the pilot program does not 
        affect any existing legal obligations or liability standards 
        that--
                  (A) arise under the right-of-way for activities in 
                the right-of-way; or
                  (B) apply to fires resulting from causes other than 
                activities conducted pursuant to an approved vegetation 
                management project.
          (2) Project work.--A participant shall not be liable to the 
        United States for damage proximately caused by activities 
        conducted pursuant to an approved vegetation management project 
        unless--
                  (A) such activities were carried out in a manner that 
                was grossly negligent or that violated criminal law; or
                  (B) the damage was caused by the failure of the 
                participant to comply with specific safety requirements 
                expressly imposed by the Forest Service as a condition 
                of participating in the pilot program.
  (f) Implementation.--The Secretary shall utilize existing laws and 
regulations in the conduct of the pilot program and, in order to 
implement the pilot program in an efficient and expeditious manner, may 
waive or modify specific provisions of the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation, including modifications to allow for formation of contracts 
or agreements on a noncompetitive basis.
  (g) Treatment of Proceeds.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the Secretary may--
          (1) retain any funds provided to the Forest Service by a 
        participant in the pilot program; and
          (2) use such funds, in such amounts as may be appropriated, 
        in the conduct of the pilot program.
  (h) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) National forest system land.--The term ``National Forest 
        System land'' means land within the National Forest System, as 
        defined in section 11(a) of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable 
        Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1609(a)) exclusive of 
        the National Grasslands and land utilization projects 
        designated as National Grasslands administered pursuant to the 
        Act of July 22, 1937 (7 U.S.C. 1010-1012).
          (2) Passing wildfire.--The term ``passing wildfire'' means a 
        wildfire that originates outside the right-of-way.
          (3) Right-of-way.--The term ``right-of-way'' means a special 
        use authorization issued by the Forest Service allowing the 
        placement of utility infrastructure.
          (4) Utility infrastructure.--The term ``utility 
        infrastructure'' means electric transmission lines, natural gas 
        infrastructure, or related structures.
  (i) Duration.--The authority to conduct the pilot program, and any 
vegetation management project under the pilot program, expires December 
21, 2027.
  (j) Report to Congress.--Not later than December 31, 2019, and every 
two years thereafter, the Secretary shall issue a report to the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate, the Committee 
on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, the Committee on 
Natural Resources of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives on the status of the 
program and any projects established under this section.

SEC. 8503. REVISION OF EXTRAORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCES REGULATIONS.

  (a) Determinations of Extraordinary Circumstances.--In determining 
whether extraordinary circumstances related to a proposed action 
preclude use of a categorical exclusion, the Forest Service shall not 
be required to--
          (1) consider whether a proposed action is within a potential 
        wilderness area;
          (2) consider whether a proposed action affects a Forest 
        Service sensitive species;
          (3) conduct an analysis under section 220.4(f) of title 36, 
        Code of Federal Regulations, of the proposed action's 
        cumulative impact (as the term is defined in section 1508.7 of 
        title 40, Code of Federal Regulations);
          (4) consider a determination under section 7 of the 
        Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536) that a proposed 
        action may affect, but is not likely to adversely affect, 
        threatened, endangered, or candidate species, or designated 
        critical habitats; or
          (5) consider a determination under section 7 of the 
        Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536) that a proposed 
        action may affect, and is likely to adversely affect 
        threatened, endangered, candidate species, or designated 
        critical habitat if the agency is in compliance with the 
        applicable provisions of the biological opinion.
  (b) Proposed Rulemaking.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall publish a 
notice of proposed rulemaking to revise section 220.6(b) of title 36, 
Code of Federal Regulations to conform such section with subsection 
(a).
  (c) Additional Revision.--As part of the proposed rulemaking 
described in subsection (b), the Secretary of Agriculture shall revise 
section 220.5(a)(2) of title 36, Code of Federal Regulations, to 
provide that the Forest Service shall not be required to consider 
proposals that would substantially alter a potential wilderness area as 
a class of actions normally requiring environmental impact statements.
  (d) Additional Actions.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall issue 
final regulations to carry out the revisions described in subsections 
(b) and (c).

SEC. 8504. NO LOSS OF FUNDS FOR WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION.

  Nothing in this title or the amendments made by this title may be 
construed to limit from the availability of funds or other resources 
for wildfire suppression.

SEC. 8505. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

  (a) Wildfire Suppression Funding and Forest Management Activities 
Act.--
          (1) In general.-- The Wildfire Suppression Funding and Forest 
        Management Activities Act (Public Law 115-141) is amended--
                  (A) in section 102(a)(2), by striking ``the date of 
                enactment'' and inserting ``the date of the 
                enactment''; and
                  (B) in section 401(a)(1), by inserting ``of 2000'' 
                after ``Self-Determination Act''.
          (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect as if enacted as part of the Wildfire 
        Suppression Funding and Forest Management Activities Act 
        (Public Law 115-141).
  (b) Agricultural Act of 2014.--Section 8206(a) of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (16 U.S.C. 2113a(a)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (3)(B)(i)(II), by striking ``Good Neighbor 
        Authority Improvement Act'' and inserting ``Wildfire 
        Suppression Funding and Forest Management Activities Act''; and
          (2) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by section 8331, by 
        striking ``Good Neighbor Authority Improvement Act'' and 
        inserting ``Wildfire Suppression Funding and Forest Management 
        Activities Act''.

                         TITLE IX--HORTICULTURE

           Subtitle A--Horticulture Marketing and Information

SEC. 9001. SPECIALTY CROPS MARKET NEWS ALLOCATION.

  Section 10107(b) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 1622b(b)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 9002. FARMERS' MARKET AND LOCAL FOOD PROMOTION PROGRAM.

  Section 6(g) of the Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act of 1976 
(7 U.S.C. 3005(g)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``this section'' and all 
        that follows through ``2018.'' and inserting the following: 
        ``this section--
                  ``(A) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018; and
                  ``(B) $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
                through 2023.'';
          (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
          (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), (5), and (6) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5), respectively.

SEC. 9003. FOOD SAFETY EDUCATION INITIATIVES.

  Section 10105(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 7655a(c)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 9004. SPECIALTY CROP BLOCK GRANTS.

  Section 101 of the Specialty Crops Competitiveness Act of 2004 (7 
U.S.C. 1621 note; Public Law 108-465) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
                  (B) by striking ``agriculture solely to enhance the 
                competitiveness of specialty crops.'' and inserting the 
                following: ``agriculture to--
          ``(1) enhance the competitiveness of specialty crops;
          ``(2) leverage efforts to market and promote specialty crops;
          ``(3) assist producers with research and development;
          ``(4) expand availability and access to specialty crops;
          ``(5) address local, regional, and national challenges 
        confronting specialty crop producers; and
          ``(6) other priorities as determined by the Secretary in 
        consultation with relevant State departments of agriculture.'';
          (2) in subsection (k), by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(3) Evaluation of performance.--The Secretary shall enter 
        into a cooperative agreement with relevant State departments of 
        agriculture and specialty crop industry stakeholders that agree 
        to--
                  ``(A) develop, in consultation with the Secretary, 
                performance measures to be used as the sole means for 
                performing an evaluation under subparagraph (B); and
                  ``(B) periodically evaluate the performance of the 
                program established under this section.''; and
          (3) in subsection (l)(2)(E), by striking ``fiscal year 2018'' 
        and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2018 through 2023''.

SEC. 9005. AMENDMENTS TO THE PLANT VARIETY PROTECTION ACT.

  (a) Asexually Reproduced Defined.--Section 41(a) of the Plant Variety 
Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2401(a)) is amended--
          (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), 
        (7), (8), and (9) as paragraphs (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), 
        (8), (9), and (10), respectively; and
          (2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as so redesignated, 
        the following new paragraph:
          ``(1) Asexually reproduced.--The term `asexually reproduced' 
        means produced by a method of plant propagation using 
        vegetative material (other than seed) from a single parent, 
        including cuttings, grafting, tissue culture, and propagation 
        by root division.''.
  (b) Right to Plant Variety Protection; Plant Varieties Protectable.--
Section 42(a) of the Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2402(a)) is 
amended by striking ``or tuber propagated'' and inserting ``, tuber 
propagated, or asexually reproduced''.
  (c) Infringement of Plant Variety Protection.--Section 111(a)(3) of 
the Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2541(a)(3)) is amended by 
inserting ``or asexually'' after ``sexually''.
  (d) False Marketing; Cease and Desist Orders.--Section 128(a) of the 
Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2568(a)) is amended, in the 
matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``or asexually'' after 
``sexually''.

SEC. 9006. ORGANIC PROGRAMS.

  (a) Additional Accreditation Authority.--Section 2115 of the Organic 
Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6514) is amended--
          (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
          (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:
  ``(c) Satellite Offices and Overseas Operations.--The Secretary--
          ``(1) has oversight and approval authority with respect to a 
        certifying agent accredited under this section who is operating 
        as a certifying agent in a foreign country for the purpose of 
        certifying a farm or handling operation in such foreign country 
        as a certified organic farm or handling operation; and
          ``(2) shall require that each certifying agent that intends 
        to operate in any foreign country as described in paragraph (1) 
        is authorized by the Secretary to so operate on an annual 
        basis.''.
  (b) National List of Approved and Prohibited Substances for Organic 
Farming or Handling Operations.--Section 2119(n) of the Organic Foods 
Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6518(n)) is amended to read as 
follows:
  ``(n) Petitions.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Board shall establish procedures under 
        which persons may petition the Board for the purpose of 
        evaluating substances for inclusion on the National List.
          ``(2) Expedited review.--The Secretary shall develop 
        procedures under which the review of a petition referred to in 
        paragraph (1) may be expedited if the petition seeks to include 
        on the National List a postharvest handling substance that is 
        related to food safety or a class of such substances.
          ``(3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in paragraph (2) shall 
        be construed as providing that section 2118(d) does not apply 
        with respect to the inclusion of a substance on the National 
        List pursuant to such paragraph.''.
  (c) Certain Employees Eligible to Serve as National Organics 
Standards Board Members.--Section 2119(b) of the Organic Foods 
Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6518(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, or employees of such 
        individuals'' after ``operation'';
          (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, or employees of such 
        individuals'' after ``operation''; and
          (3) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, or an employee of such 
        individual'' after ``products''.
  (d) National Organic Standards Board Consultation Requirements.--
Section 2119(l) of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
6518(l)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon;
          (2) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) by striking ``and the evaluation of the technical 
                advisory panel'' and inserting ``, the evaluation of 
                the technical advisory panel, and the determinations of 
                the task force required under paragraph (4)''; and
                  (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(4) in the case of a substance not included in the National 
        List that the Commissioner of Food and Drugs has determined to 
        be safe for use within the meaning of section 201(s) of the 
        Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321(s)) or the 
        Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency has 
        determined there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will 
        result from aggregate exposure to the pesticide chemical 
        residue, including all anticipated dietary exposures and all 
        other exposures for which there is reliable information, 
        convene a task force to consult with the Commissioner or 
        Administrator (or the designees thereof), as applicable, to 
        determine if such substance should be included in the National 
        List.''.
  (e) Recordkeeping, Investigation, and Enforcement.--
          (1) Collaborative investigations and enforcement.--Section 
        2120 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
        6519) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
  ``(d) Collaborative Investigations and Enforcement.--
          ``(1) Information sharing during active investigation.--In 
        carrying out this title, all parties to an active investigation 
        (including certifying agents, State organic certification 
        programs, and the national organic program) may share 
        confidential business information with Federal and State 
        government officers and employees and certifying agents 
        involved in the investigation as necessary to fully investigate 
        and enforce potential violations of this title.
          ``(2) Access to data documentation systems.--The Secretary 
        shall have access to available data from cross-border 
        documentation systems administered by other Federal agencies, 
        including--
                  ``(A) the Automated Commercial Environment system of 
                U.S. Customs and Border Protection; and
                  ``(B) the Phytosanitary Certificate Issuance and 
                Tracking system of the Animal and Plant Health 
                Inspection Service.
          ``(3) Additional documentation and verification.--The 
        Secretary, acting through the Deputy Administrator of the 
        national organic program under this title, has the authority, 
        and shall grant an accredited certifying agent the authority, 
        to require producers and handlers to provide additional 
        documentation or verification before granting certification 
        under section 2104, in the case of a known area of risk or when 
        there is a specific area of concern, with respect to meeting 
        the national standards for organic production established under 
        section 2105, as determined by the Secretary or the certifying 
        agent.''.
          (2) Modification of regulations on exclusions from 
        certification.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall issue 
        regulations to limit the type of operations that are excluded 
        from certification under section 205.101 of title 7, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (or a successor regulation).
  (f) Reporting Requirement.--Section 2122 of the Organic Foods 
Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6521) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
  ``(c) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than March 1, 2019, and 
annually thereafter through March 1, 2023, the Secretary shall submit 
to Congress a report describing national organic program activities 
with respect to all domestic and overseas investigations and compliance 
actions taken pursuant to this title during the preceding year.''.
  (g) Authorization of Appropriations for National Organic Program.--
Subsection (b) of section 2123 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 
1990 (7 U.S.C. 6522) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(b) National Organic Program.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, in order to carry out activities under the national organic 
program established under this title, there are authorized to be 
appropriated--
          ``(1) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
          ``(2) $16,500,000 for fiscal year 2019;
          ``(3) $18,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
          ``(4) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
          ``(5) $22,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
          ``(6) $24,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.''.
  (h) International Trade Technology Systems and Data Collection.--
Subsection (c) of section 2123 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 
1990 (7 U.S.C. 6522) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(c) Modernization and Improvement of International Trade Technology 
Systems and Data Collection.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall modernize 
        international trade tracking and data collection systems of the 
        national organic program.
          ``(2) Activities.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall modernize trade and transaction certificates to 
        ensure full traceability without unduly hindering trade, such 
        as through an electronic trade document exchange system.
          ``(3) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, the Secretary shall make available $5,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2019 for the purposes of--
                  ``(A) carrying out this subsection; and
                  ``(B) maintaining the database and technology 
                upgrades previously carried out under this subsection, 
                as in effect on the day before the date of the 
                enactment of the Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018.
          ``(4) Availability.--The amounts made available under 
        paragraph (3) are in addition to any other funds made available 
        for the purposes specified in such paragraph and shall remain 
        available until expended.''.
  (i) Organic Production and Market Data Initiatives.--Section 7407(d) 
of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
5925c(d)) is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
        following new paragraph:
          ``(1) Mandatory funding for fiscal year 2019.--Of the funds 
        of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to 
        carry out this section $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2019, to 
        remain available until expended.'';
          (2) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) by striking ``paragraphs (1) and (2)'' and 
                inserting ``paragraph (1)''; and
                  (B) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
          (3) by redesignating paragraph (3), as so amended, as 
        paragraph (2).

                     Subtitle B--Regulatory Reform

 PART I--STATE LEAD AGENCIES UNDER FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND 
                            RODENTICIDE ACT

SEC. 9101. RECOGNITION AND ROLE OF STATE LEAD AGENCIES.

  (a) State Lead Agency Defined.--Section 2(aa) of the Federal 
Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136(aa)) is 
amended--
          (1) by striking ``(aa) State.--The term'' and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(aa) State; State Lead Agency.--
          ``(1) State.--The term''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) State lead agency.--The term `State lead agency' means 
        a statewide department, agency, board, bureau, or other entity 
        in a State that is authorized to regulate, in a manner 
        consistent with section 24(a), the sale or use of any federally 
        registered pesticide or device in such State.''.
  (b) Uniform Regulation of Pesticides.--
          (1) Cooperation with and role of state lead agency.--Section 
        22(b) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide 
        Act (7 U.S.C. 136t(b)) is amended by inserting before the 
        period at the end the following: ``promulgated by the 
        Administrator or, when authorized pursuant to a cooperative 
        agreement entered into under section 23(a)(1), by a State lead 
        agency for a State''.
          (2) Authority to establish and maintain uniform 
        regulations.--Section 23(a)(1) of the Federal Insecticide, 
        Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136u(a)(1)) is amended 
        by inserting after ``enforcement of this Act,'' the following: 
        ``to authorize the State or Indian Tribe to establish and 
        maintain uniform regulation of pesticides within the State or 
        for the Indian Tribe,''.
          (3) Condition on more restrictive regulation.--Section 24(a) 
        of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 
        U.S.C. 136v(a)) is amended by striking ``A State may'' and 
        inserting ``A State, but not a political subdivision of a 
        State, may''.
  (c) Role of State Lead Agencies in Promulgation of Regulations.--
Section 25(a)(2) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide 
Act (7 U.S.C. 136w(a)(2)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                  (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``and each 
                State lead agency'' after ``Agriculture'';
                  (B) by striking the second sentence and inserting the 
                following: ``If the Secretary or any State lead agency 
                comments in writing to the Administrator regarding any 
                such regulation within 30 days after receiving the copy 
                of the regulation, the Administrator shall publish in 
                the Federal Register (with the proposed regulation) all 
                such comments and the response of the Administrator to 
                the comments.''; and
                  (C) in the third sentence, by inserting ``or any 
                State lead agency'' after ``Secretary'';
          (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                  (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``and each 
                State lead agency'' after ``Agriculture'';
                  (B) by striking the second sentence and inserting the 
                following: ``If the Secretary or any State lead agency 
                comments in writing to the Administrator regarding any 
                such regulation within 15 days after receiving the copy 
                of the regulation, the Administrator shall publish in 
                the Federal Register (with the final regulation) the 
                comments of the Secretary or State lead agency, if 
                requested by the Secretary or State lead agency, and 
                the response of the Administrator to the comments.''; 
                and
                  (C) in the third sentence, by inserting ``or any 
                State lead agency'' after ``Secretary''; and
          (3) in subparagraph (C), by inserting before the period at 
        the end the following: ``, in consultation with the State lead 
        agencies''.

                PART II--PESTICIDE REGISTRATION AND USE

SEC. 9111. REGISTRATION OF PESTICIDES.

  (a) Approval of Registration.--Section 3(c)(5) of the Federal 
Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136a(c)(5)) is 
amended--
          (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) as clauses 
        (i) through (iv), respectively and moving the margins of such 
        clauses (as so redesignated) 2 ems to the right;
          (2) by striking ``registration.--The Administrator'' and 
        inserting the following: ``registration.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Administrator;'';
          (3) in clause (iii), as so redesignated, by striking ``; 
        and'' at the end and inserting a semicolon;
          (4) in clause (iv), as so redesignated, by striking the 
        period at the end and inserting ``; and'';
          (5) in the matter following clause (iv), as so redesignated, 
        by striking ``The Administrator shall not make any lack'' and 
        all that follows through ``for use of the pesticide in such 
        State.'';
          (6) in subparagraph (A), as amended, by adding at the end the 
        following new clause:
                          ``(v) when used in accordance with widespread 
                        and commonly recognized practice it is not 
                        likely to jeopardize the survival of a 
                        federally listed threatened or endangered 
                        species or directly or indirectly alter, in a 
                        manner that is likely to appreciably diminish 
                        its value, critical habitat for both the 
                        survival and recovery of such species.''; and
          (7) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                  ``(B) Principles to be applied to certain 
                determinations.--In determining whether the condition 
                specified in subparagraph (A)(v) is met, the 
                Administrator shall take into account the best 
                scientific and commercial information and data 
                available, and shall consider all directions for use 
                and restrictions on use specified by the registration. 
                In making such determination, the Administrator shall 
                use an economical and effective screening process that 
                includes higher-tiered probabilistic ecological risk 
                assessments, as appropriate. Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, the Administrator shall not be 
                required to consult or otherwise communicate with the 
                Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce 
                except to the extent specified in subparagraphs (C) and 
                (D).
                  ``(C) Species information and data.--
                          ``(i) Request.--Not later than 30 days after 
                        the Administrator begins any determination 
                        under subparagraph (A)(v) with respect to the 
                        registration of a pesticide, the Administrator 
                        shall request that the Secretary of the 
                        Interior and the Secretary of Commerce 
                        transmit, with respect to any federally listed 
                        threatened and endangered species involved in 
                        such determination, the Secretaries' best 
                        available and authoritative information and 
                        data on--
                                  ``(I) the location, life history, 
                                habitat needs, distribution, threats, 
                                population trends and conservation 
                                needs of such species; and
                                  ``(II) relevant physical and 
                                biological features of designated 
                                critical habitat for such species.
                          ``(ii) Transmission of data.--After receiving 
                        a request under clause (i), the Secretary of 
                        the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce 
                        shall transmit the information described in 
                        such clause to the Administrator on a timely 
                        basis, unless the Secretary of the Interior and 
                        the Secretary of Commerce have made such 
                        information available through a web-based 
                        platform that is updated on at least a 
                        quarterly basis.
                          ``(iii) Failure to transmit data.--The 
                        failure of the Secretary of the Interior or the 
                        Secretary of Commerce to provide information to 
                        the Administrator under clause (ii) shall not 
                        constitute grounds for extending any deadline 
                        for action under section 33(f).
                  ``(D) Consultation.--
                          ``(i) In general.--At the request of an 
                        applicant, the Administrator shall request 
                        consultation with the Secretary of the Interior 
                        and the Secretary of Commerce.
                          ``(ii) Requirements.--With respect to a 
                        consultation under this subparagraph, the 
                        Administrator and the Secretary of the Interior 
                        and the Secretary of Commerce shall comply with 
                        subpart D of part 402 of title 50, Code of 
                        Federal Regulations (commonly known as the 
                        Joint Counterpart Endangered Species Act 
                        Section 7 Consultation), or successor 
                        regulations.
                  ``(E) Failure to consult.--
                          ``(i) Not actionable.--Notwithstanding any 
                        other provision of law, beginning on the date 
                        of the enactment of this subparagraph, the 
                        failure of the Administrator to consult with 
                        the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary 
                        of Commerce, except as provided by this 
                        section, is not actionable in any Federal 
                        court.
                          ``(ii) Remedy.--In any action pending in 
                        Federal court on the date of the enactment of 
                        this subparagraph or any action brought in 
                        Federal court after such date, with respect to 
                        the Administrator's failure to consult with the 
                        Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of 
                        Commerce, the sole and exclusive remedy for any 
                        such action, other than as otherwise specified 
                        in this Act, shall be scheduling the 
                        determinations required by section 3(c)(5)(E) 
                        for an active ingredient consistent with the 
                        periodic review of registrations established by 
                        this section.
                  ``(F) Essentiality and efficacy.--The Administrator 
                shall not make any lack of essentiality a criterion for 
                denying registration of any pesticide. Where two 
                pesticides meet the requirements of this paragraph, one 
                should not be registered in preference to the other. In 
                considering an application for the registration of a 
                pesticide, the Administrator may waive data 
                requirements pertaining to efficacy, in which event the 
                Administrator may register the pesticide without 
                determining that the pesticide's composition is such as 
                to warrant proposed claims of efficacy. If a pesticide 
                is found to be efficacious by any State under section 
                24(c), a presumption is established that the 
                Administrator shall waive data requirements pertaining 
                to efficacy for use of the pesticide in such State.''.
  (b) Registration Under Special Circumstances.--Section 3(c)(7) of the 
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 
136a(c)(7)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                  (A) by inserting ``and when used in accordance with 
                widespread and commonly recognized practice, it is not 
                likely to jeopardize the survival of a federally listed 
                threatened or endangered species or appreciably 
                diminish the value of critical habitat for both the 
                survival and recovery of the listed species,'' after 
                ``or differ only in ways that would not significantly 
                increase the risk of unreasonable adverse effects on 
                the environment,''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``and it is not likely to jeopardize 
                the survival of a federally listed threatened or 
                endangered species or appreciably diminish the value of 
                critical habitat for both the survival and recovery of 
                the listed species'' before ``. An applicant seeking 
                conditional registration''; and
          (2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``and it is not likely 
        to jeopardize the survival of a federally listed threatened or 
        endangered species or directly or indirectly appreciably 
        diminish the value of critical habitat for both the survival 
        and recovery of the listed species'' before ``. Notwithstanding 
        the foregoing provisions''.
  (c) Registration Review.--Section 3(g)(1)(A) of the Federal 
Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136a(g)(1)(A)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new clause:
                  ``(vi) Ensuring protection of species and habitat.--
                The Administrator shall complete the determination 
                required under subsection (c)(5)(A)(v) for an active 
                ingredient consistent with the periodic review of 
                registrations under clauses (ii) and (iii) in 
                accordance with the following schedule:
                          ``(I) With respect to any active ingredient 
                        first registered on or before October 1, 2007, 
                        not later than October 1, 2026.
                          ``(II) With respect to any active ingredient 
                        first registered between October 1, 2007, and 
                        the day before the date of the enactment of 
                        this clause, not later than October 1, 2033.
                          ``(III) With respect to any active ingredient 
                        first registered on or after the date of the 
                        enactment of this clause, not later than 48 
                        months after the effective date of 
                        registration.''.

SEC. 9112. EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS.

  Section 5(a) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide 
Act (7 U.S.C. 136c(a)) is amended by inserting ``and that the issuance 
of such a permit is not likely to jeopardize the survival of a 
federally listed threatened or endangered species or diminish the value 
of critical habitat for both the survival and recovery of the listed 
species'' after ``section 3 of this Act''.

SEC. 9113. ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW; SUSPENSION.

  Section 6(b) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide 
Act (7 U.S.C. 136d(b)) is amended by inserting ``or does not meet the 
criteria specified in section 3(c)(5)(A)(v)'' after ``adverse effects 
on the environment''.

SEC. 9114. UNLAWFUL ACTS.

  Section 12 of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act 
(7 U.S.C. 136j) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
  ``(c) Lawful Use of Pesticide Resulting in Incidental Taking of 
Certain Species.--If the Administrator determines, with respect to a 
pesticide that is registered under this Act, that the pesticide meets 
the criteria specified in section 3(c)(5)(A)(v), any taking of a 
federally listed threatened or endangered species that is incidental to 
an otherwise lawful use of such pesticide pursuant to this Act shall 
not be considered unlawful under--
          ``(1) section 4(d) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
        U.S.C. 1533(d)); or
          ``(2) section 9(a)(1)(B) of the Endangered Species Act of 
        1973 (16 U.S.C. 1538(a)(1)(B)).''.

SEC. 9115. AUTHORITY OF STATES.

  Section 24(c) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide 
Act (7 U.S.C. 136v(c)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2), in the second sentence, by inserting 
        ``and the State registration is not likely to jeopardize the 
        survival of a federally listed threatened or endangered species 
        or directly or indirectly alter in a manner that is likely to 
        appreciably diminish the value of critical habitat for both the 
        survival and recovery of the listed species'' before the period 
        at the end; and
          (2) by striking paragraph (4).

SEC. 9116. REGULATIONS.

  Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall publish, 
and revise thereafter as appropriate, a work plan and processes for 
completing the determinations required by clause (v) of section 
3(c)(5)(A) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act 
(7 U.S.C. 136a(c)(5)(A)), as added by section 9111(a), and implementing 
and enforcing standards of registration consistent with such clause and 
consistent with registration reviews and other periodic reviews.

SEC. 9117. USE OF AUTHORIZED PESTICIDES.

  Section 3(f) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide 
Act (7 U.S.C. 136a(f)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) Use of authorized pesticides.--Except as provided in 
        section 402(s) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, the 
        Administrator or a State may not require a permit under such 
        Act for a discharge from a point source into navigable waters 
        of a pesticide authorized for sale, distribution, or use under 
        this Act, or the residue of such a pesticide, resulting from 
        the application of such pesticide.''.

SEC. 9118. DISCHARGES OF PESTICIDES.

  Section 402 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 
1342) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(s) Discharges of Pesticides.--
          ``(1) No permit requirement.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), a permit shall not be required by the Administrator or a 
        State under this Act for a discharge from a point source into 
        navigable waters of a pesticide authorized for sale, 
        distribution, or use under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, 
        and Rodenticide Act, or the residue of such a pesticide, 
        resulting from the application of such pesticide.
          ``(2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the 
        following discharges of a pesticide or pesticide residue:
                  ``(A) A discharge resulting from the application of a 
                pesticide in violation of a provision of the Federal 
                Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act that is 
                relevant to protecting water quality, if--
                          ``(i) the discharge would not have occurred 
                        but for the violation; or
                          ``(ii) the amount of pesticide or pesticide 
                        residue in the discharge is greater than would 
                        have occurred without the violation.
                  ``(B) Stormwater discharges subject to regulation 
                under subsection (p).
                  ``(C) The following discharges subject to regulation 
                under this section:
                          ``(i) Manufacturing or industrial effluent.
                          ``(ii) Treatment works effluent.
                          ``(iii) Discharges incidental to the normal 
                        operation of a vessel, including a discharge 
                        resulting from ballasting operations or vessel 
                        biofouling prevention.''.

SEC. 9119. ENACTMENT OF PESTICIDE REGISTRATION IMPROVEMENT ENHANCEMENT 
                    ACT OF 2017.

  H.R. 1029 of the 115th Congress, entitled the ``Pesticide 
Registration Improvement Enhancement Act of 2017'', as passed by the 
House of Representatives on March 20, 2017, is hereby enacted into law.

            PART III--AMENDMENTS TO THE PLANT PROTECTION ACT

SEC. 9121. METHYL BROMIDE.

  Section 419 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7719) is amended to 
read as follows:

``SEC. 419. METHYL BROMIDE.

  ``(a) Authorization.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), a 
        State, local, or Tribal authority may authorize the use of 
        methyl bromide for a qualified use if the authority determines 
        the use is required to respond to an emergency event. The 
        Secretary may authorize such a use if the Secretary determines 
        such a use is required to respond to an emergency event.
          ``(2) Notification.--Not later than 5 days after the date on 
        which a State, local, or Tribal authority makes the 
        determination described in paragraph (1), the State, local, or 
        Tribal authority intending to authorize the use of methyl 
        bromide for a qualified use shall submit to the Secretary a 
        notification that contains the information described in 
        subsection (b).
          ``(3) Objection.--A State, local, or Tribal authority may not 
        authorize the use of methyl bromide under paragraph (1) if the 
        Secretary objects to such use under subsection (c) within the 
        5-day period specified in such subsection.
  ``(b) Notification Contents.--A notification submitted under 
subsection (a)(2) by a State, local, or Tribal authority shall 
contain--
          ``(1) a certification that the State, local, or Tribal 
        authority requires the use of methyl bromide to respond to an 
        emergency event;
          ``(2) a description of the emergency event and the economic 
        loss that would result from such emergency event;
          ``(3) the identity and contact information for the 
        responsible individual of the authority; and
          ``(4) with respect to the qualified use of methyl bromide 
        that is the subject of the notification--
                  ``(A) the specific location in which the methyl 
                bromide is to be used and the total acreage of such 
                location;
                  ``(B) the identity of the pest or pests to be 
                controlled by such use;
                  ``(C) the total volume of methyl bromide to be used; 
                and
                  ``(D) the anticipated date of such use.
  ``(c) Objection.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, not later than 5 days after 
        the receipt of a notification submitted under subsection 
        (a)(2), may object to the authorization of the use of methyl 
        bromide under such subsection by a State, local, or Tribal 
        authority by sending the State, local, or Tribal authority a 
        notification in writing of such objection that--
                  ``(A) states the reasons for such objection; and
                  ``(B) specifies any additional information that the 
                Secretary would require to withdraw the objection.
          ``(2) Reasons for objection.--The Secretary may object to an 
        authorization described in paragraph (1) if the Secretary 
        determines that--
                  ``(A) the notification submitted under subsection 
                (a)(2) does not--
                          ``(i) contain all of the information 
                        specified in paragraphs (1) through (4) of 
                        subsection (b); or
                          ``(ii) demonstrate the existence of an 
                        emergency event; or
                  ``(B) the qualified use specified in the notification 
                does not comply with the limitations specified in 
                subsection (e).
          ``(3) Withdrawal of objection.--The Secretary shall withdraw 
        an objection under this subsection if--
                  ``(A) not later than 14 days after the date on which 
                the Secretary sends the notification under paragraph 
                (1) to the State, local, or Tribal authority involved, 
                the State, local, or Tribal authority submits to the 
                Secretary the additional information specified in such 
                notification; and
                  ``(B) such additional information is submitted to the 
                satisfaction of the Secretary.
          ``(4) Effect of withdrawal.--Upon the issuance of a 
        withdrawal under paragraph (3), the State, local, or Tribal 
        authority involved may authorize the use of methyl bromide for 
        the qualified use specified in the notification submitted under 
        subsection (a)(2).
  ``(d) Use for Emergency Events Consistent With FIFRA.--The 
production, distribution, sale, shipment, application, or use of a 
pesticide product containing methyl bromide in accordance with an 
authorization for a use under subsection (a) shall be deemed an 
authorized production, distribution, sale, shipment, application, or 
use of such product under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and 
Rodenticide Act, regardless of whether the intended use is registered 
and included in the label approved for the product by the Administrator 
of the Environmental Protection Agency under such Act.
  ``(e) Limitations on Use.--
          ``(1) Limitations on use per emergency event.--The amount of 
        methyl bromide that may be used per emergency event at a 
        specific location shall not exceed 20 metric tons.
          ``(2) Limits on aggregate amount.--The aggregate amount of 
        methyl bromide allowed pursuant to this section for use in the 
        United States in a calendar year shall not exceed the total 
        amount authorized by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol 
        pursuant to the Montreal Protocol process for critical uses in 
        the United States in calendar year 2011.
  ``(f) Ensuring Adequate Supply of Methyl Bromide.--Notwithstanding 
any other provision of law, it shall not be unlawful for any person or 
entity to produce or import methyl bromide, or otherwise supply methyl 
bromide from inventories (produced or imported pursuant to the Clean 
Air Act for other purposes) in response to an emergency event in 
accordance with subsection (a).
  ``(g) Exclusive Authority of the Secretary.--Nothing in this section 
shall be construed to alter or modify the authority of the Secretary to 
use methyl bromide for quarantine and pre-shipment, without limitation, 
under the Clean Air Act.
  ``(h) Definitions.--
          ``(1) Emergency event.--The term `emergency event' means a 
        situation--
                  ``(A) that occurs at a location on which a plant or 
                commodity is grown or produced or a facility providing 
                for the storage of, or other services with respect to, 
                a plant or commodity;
                  ``(B) for which the lack of availability of methyl 
                bromide for a particular use would result in 
                significant economic loss to the owner, lessee, or 
                operator of such a location or facility or the owner, 
                grower, or purchaser of such a plant or commodity; and
                  ``(C) that, in light of the specific agricultural, 
                meteorological, or other conditions presented, requires 
                the use of methyl bromide to control a pest or disease 
                in such location or facility because there are no 
                technically or economically feasible alternatives to 
                methyl bromide easily accessible by an entity referred 
                to in subparagraph (B) at the time and location of the 
                event that--
                          ``(i) are registered under the Federal 
                        Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 
                        U.S.C. 136 et seq.) for the intended use or 
                        pest to be so controlled; and
                          ``(ii) would adequately control the pest or 
                        disease presented at such location or facility.
          ``(2) Pest.--The term `pest' has the meaning given such term 
        in section 2 of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and 
        Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136).
          ``(3) Qualified use.--The term `qualified use' means, with 
        respect to methyl bromide, a methyl bromide treatment or 
        application in an amount not to exceed the limitations 
        specified in subsection (e) in response to an emergency 
        event.''.

                   PART IV--AMENDMENTS TO OTHER LAWS

SEC. 9131. DEFINITION OF RETAIL FACILITIES.

  Not later than 180 days of the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Labor shall revise the process safety management of highly 
hazardous chemicals standard under section 1910.119 of title 29, Code 
of Federal Regulations, promulgated pursuant to section 6 of the 
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 655), to provide 
that the definition of the term ``retail facility'', when used with 
respect to a facility that provides direct sales of highly hazardous 
chemicals to end users or consumers (including farmers or ranchers), 
means a facility that is exempt from such standard because such 
facility has obtained more than half of its income during the most 
recent 12-month period from such direct sales.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

SEC. 9201. REPORT ON REGULATION OF PLANT BIOSTIMULANTS.

  (a) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the President and 
Congress that identifies potential regulatory and legislative reforms 
to ensure the expeditious and appropriate review, approval, uniform 
national labeling, and availability of plant biostimulant products to 
agricultural producers.
  (b) Consultation.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall prepare the 
report required by subsection (a) in consultation with the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the several 
States, industry stakeholders, and such other stakeholders as the 
Secretary determines necessary.
  (c) Plant Biostimulant Defined.--In this section, the term ``plant 
biostimulant'' means a substance or micro-organism that, when applied 
to seeds, plants, or the rhizosphere, stimulates natural processes to 
enhance or benefit nutrient uptake, nutrient efficiency, tolerance to 
abiotic stress, or crop quality and yield.

SEC. 9202. PECAN MARKETING ORDERS.

  Section 8e(a) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act, reenacted with 
amendments by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937 (7 
U.S.C. 608e-1(a)), is amended in the first sentence, by inserting 
``pecans,'' after ``walnuts,''.

SEC. 9203. REPORT ON HONEY AND MAPLE SYRUP.

  Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report examining 
the effect of the final rule entitled ``Food Labeling: Revision of the 
Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels'', published in the Federal 
Register by the Department of Agriculture on May 27, 2016 (81 Fed. Reg. 
33742), (providing for updates to the nutrition facts panel on the 
labeling of packaged food) has on consumer perception regarding the 
``added sugar'' statement required to be included on such panel by such 
final rule with respect to packaged food in which no sugar is added 
during processing, including pure honey and maple syrup.

                        TITLE X--CROP INSURANCE

SEC. 10001. TREATMENT OF FORAGE AND GRAZING.

  (a) Availability of Catastrophic Risk Protection for Crops and 
Grasses Used for Grazing.--Section 508(b)(1) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(b)(1)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
        subparagraph (B), the'' and inserting ``The''; and
          (2) by striking subparagraph (B).
  (b) Limitation on Multiple Benefits for Same Loss.--Section 508(n)(2) 
of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(n)(2)) is amended by 
inserting before the period the following: ``or to coverage described 
in section 508D''.
  (c) Coverage for Forage and Grazing.--The Federal Crop Insurance Act 
is amended by inserting after section 508C (7 U.S.C. 1508C) the 
following new section:

``SEC. 508D. COVERAGE FOR FORAGE AND GRAZING.

  ``Notwithstanding section 508A, and in addition to any other 
available coverage, for crops that can be both grazed and mechanically 
harvested on the same acres during the same growing season, producers 
shall be allowed to purchase, and be independently indemnified on, 
separate policies for each intended use, as determined by the 
Corporation.''.

SEC. 10002. ADMINISTRATIVE BASIC FEE.

  Section 508(b)(5)(A) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(b)(5)(A)) is amended by striking ``$300'' and inserting ``$500''.

SEC. 10003. PREVENTION OF DUPLICATIVE COVERAGE.

  (a) In General.--Section 508(c)(1) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1508(c)(1)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
                  ``(C) Ineligible crops and acres.--Crops for which 
                the producer has elected under section 1117 of the 
                Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018 to receive 
                agriculture risk coverage and acres that are enrolled 
                in the stacked income protection plan under section 
                508B shall not be eligible for--
                          ``(i) coverage based on an area yield and 
                        loss basis under paragraph (3)(A)(ii); or
                          ``(ii) supplemental coverage under paragraph 
                        (4)(C).''.
  (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 508(c)(4)(C) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(c)(4)(C)) is amended--
          (1) by striking clause (iv); and
          (2) by redesignating clause (v) as clause (iv).

SEC. 10004. REPEAL OF UNUSED AUTHORITY.

  (a) In General.--Section 508(d) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
U.S.C. 1508(d)) is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (3); and
          (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).
  (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 508(a)(9)(B) of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(a)(9)(B)) is amended--
          (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``or'' after the semicolon;
          (2) by striking clause (ii); and
          (3) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii).

SEC. 10005. CONTINUED AUTHORITY.

  Section 508(g) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(g)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(6) Continued authority.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall establish--
                          ``(i) underwriting rules that limit the 
                        decrease in the actual production history of a 
                        producer, at the election of the producer, to 
                        not more than 10 percent of the actual 
                        production history of the previous crop year 
                        provided that the production decline was the 
                        result of drought, flood, natural disaster, or 
                        other insurable loss (as determined by the 
                        Corporation); and
                          ``(ii) actuarially sound premiums to cover 
                        additional risk.
                  ``(B) Other authority.--The authority provided under 
                subparagraph (A) is in addition to any other authority 
                that adjusts the actual production history of the 
                producer under this Act.
                  ``(C) Effect.--Nothing in this paragraph shall be 
                construed to require a change in the carrying out of 
                any provision of this Act as the Act was carried out 
                for the 2018 reinsurance year.''.

SEC. 10006. PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION.

  Section 516(b)(2)(C)(i) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1516(b)(2)(C)(i)) is amended by striking ``$9,000,000'' and inserting 
``$7,000,000''.

SEC. 10007. MAINTENANCE OF POLICIES.

  (a) Section 522(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1522(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by amending subparagraph (B) to read as 
        follows:
                  ``(B) Reimbursement.--
                          ``(i) In general.--An applicant who submits a 
                        policy under section 508(h) shall be eligible 
                        for the reimbursement of reasonable and actual 
                        research and development costs directly related 
                        to the policy if the policy is approved by the 
                        Board for sale to producers.
                          ``(ii) Reasonable costs.--For the purpose of 
                        reimbursing research and development and 
                        maintenance costs under this section, costs of 
                        the applicant shall be considered reasonable 
                        and actual costs if the costs are based on--
                                  ``(I) wage rates equal to 2 times the 
                                hourly wage rate plus benefits, as 
                                provided by the Bureau of Labor 
                                Statistics for the year in which such 
                                costs are incurred, calculated using 
                                the formula applied to an applicant by 
                                the Corporation in reviewing proposed 
                                project budgets under this section on 
                                October 1, 2016; or
                                  ``(II) actual documented costs 
                                incurred by the applicant.''; and
          (2) in paragraph (4)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``approved 
                insurance provider'' and inserting ``applicant''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking ``determined 
                        by the approved insurance provider'' and 
                        inserting ``determined by the applicant'';
                          (ii) by striking clause (ii) and inserting 
                        the following new clauses:
                          ``(ii) Approval.--Subject to clause (iii), 
                        the Board shall approve the amount of a fee 
                        determined under clause (i) unless the Board 
                        determines, based on substantial evidence in 
                        the record, that the amount of the fee 
                        unnecessarily inhibits the use of the policy.
                          ``(iii) Consideration.--The Board shall not 
                        disapprove a fee on the basis of--
                                  ``(I) a comparison to maintenance 
                                fees paid with respect to the policy; 
                                or
                                  ``(II) the potential for the fee to 
                                result in a financial gain or loss to 
                                the applicant based on the number of 
                                policies sold.''.
  (b) Applicability.--
          (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
        apply to reimbursement requests made on or after October 1, 
        2016.
          (2) Resubmission of denied request.--An applicant that was 
        denied all or a portion of a reimbursement request under 
        paragraph (1) of section 522(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance 
        Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(b)) during the period between October 1, 
        2016 and the date of the enactment of this Act shall be given 
        an opportunity to resubmit such request.

SEC. 10008. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PRIORITIES.

  (a) Repeal of Certain Research and Development Activities.--Section 
522(c) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(c)) is 
amended--
          (1) by striking paragraphs (7) through (18);
          (2) by striking paragraphs (20) through (23); and
          (3) by redesignating paragraphs (19) and (24) as paragraphs 
        (7) and (8), respectively.
  (b) Whole Farm Application to Beginning Farmers and Ranchers.--
Paragraph (7) of section 522(c) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
U.S.C. 1522(c)), as redesignated by subsection (a), is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
          ``(E) Beginning farmer or rancher defined.--Notwithstanding 
        section 502(b)(3), with respect to plans described under this 
        paragraph, the term `beginning farmer or rancher' means a 
        farmer or rancher who has not actively operated and managed a 
        farm or ranch with a bona fide insurable interest in a crop or 
        livestock as an owner-operator, landlord, tenant, or 
        sharecropper for more than 10 crop years.''.
  (c) Research and Development Priorities.--Section 522(c) of the 
Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522(c)) as amended by subsection 
(a), is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraphs:
          ``(9) Tropical storm or hurricane insurance.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall offer to 
                enter into 1 or more contracts with qualified entities 
                to carry out research and development regarding a 
                policy to insure crops, including tomatoes, peppers, 
                and citrus, against losses due to a tropical storm or 
                hurricane.
                  ``(B) Research and development.--Research and 
                development with respect to the policy required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                          ``(i) evaluate the effectiveness of a risk 
                        management tool for a low frequency, 
                        catastrophic loss weather event; and
                          ``(ii) provide protection for production or 
                        revenue losses, or both.
          ``(10) Subsurface irrigation practices.--The Corporation 
        shall offer to enter into a contract with a qualified entity to 
        conduct research and development regarding the creation of a 
        separate practice for subsurface irrigation, including the 
        establishment of a separate transitional yield within the 
        county that is reflective of the average gain in productivity 
        and yield associated with the installation of a subsurface 
        irrigation system.
          ``(11) Study and report on grain sorghum rates and yields.--
                  ``(A) Study.--The Corporation shall contract with a 
                qualified entity to conduct a study to assess the 
                difference in rates, average yields, and coverage 
                levels of grain sorghum policies as compared to other 
                feed grains within a county.
                  ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
                of enactment of this paragraph, the Corporation shall 
                submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
                describes the results of the study conducted under 
                subparagraph (A).
          ``(12) Quality losses.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Corporation shall offer to 
                enter into a contract with a qualified entity to 
                conduct research and development regarding the 
                establishment of an alternative method of adjusting for 
                quality losses that does not impact the average 
                production history of producers.
                  ``(B) Requirements.--Notwithstanding subsections (g) 
                and (m) of section 508, if the Corporation uses any 
                method developed as a result of the contract described 
                in subparagraph (A) to adjust for quality losses, such 
                method shall be--
                          ``(i) optional for producers to elect to use; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) offered at an actuarially sound 
                        premium rate.''.

SEC. 10009. EXTENSION OF FUNDING FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

  Section 522 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1522) is 
amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (d);
          (2) in subsection (e)(2)(A)--
                  (A) by striking ``under subsections (c) and (d)'' and 
                inserting ``under subsection (c)'' ; and
                  (B) by striking ``not more than $12,500,000 for 
                fiscal year 2008 and each subsequent fiscal year.'' and 
                inserting the following: ``not more than--
                          ``(i) $12,500,000 for fiscal year 2008 
                        through 2018; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and 
                        each fiscal year thereafter.''; and
          (3) by redesignating subsection (e), as so amended, as 
        subsection (d).

SEC. 10010. EDUCATION AND RISK MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE.

  Section 524 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1524) is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 524. EDUCATION AND RISK MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE.

  ``(a) Education Assistance.--Subject to the amounts made available 
under subsection (d), the Secretary, acting through the National 
Institute of Food and Agriculture, shall carry out the program 
established under subsection (b).
  ``(b) Partnerships for Risk Management Education.--
          ``(1) Authority.--The Secretary, acting through the National 
        Institute of Food and Agriculture, shall establish a program 
        under which competitive grants are made to qualified public and 
        private entities (including land-grant colleges, cooperative 
        extension services, and colleges or universities), as 
        determined by the Secretary, for the purpose of educating 
        agricultural producers about the full range of risk management 
        activities, including futures, options, agricultural trade 
        options, crop insurance, cash forward contracting, debt 
        reduction, production diversification, farm resources risk 
        reduction, farm financial benchmarking, and other risk 
        management strategies.
          ``(2) Basis for grants.--A grant under this subsection shall 
        be awarded on the basis of merit and shall be subject to peer 
        or merit review.
          ``(3) Obligation period.--Funds for a grant under this 
        subsection shall be available to the Secretary for obligation 
        for a 2-year period.
          ``(4) Administrative costs.--The Secretary may use not more 
        than 4 percent of the funds made available for grants under 
        this subsection for administrative costs incurred by the 
        Secretary in carrying out this subsection.
  ``(c)  Requirements.--In carrying out the program established under 
subsection (b), the Secretary shall place special emphasis on risk 
management strategies (including farm financial benchmarking), 
education, and outreach specifically targeted at--
          ``(1) beginning farmers or ranchers;
          ``(2) legal immigrant farmers or ranchers that are attempting 
        to become established producers in the United States;
          ``(3) socially disadvantaged farmers or ranchers; and
          ``(4) farmers or ranchers that--
                  ``(A) are preparing to retire;
                  ``(B) are using transition strategies to help new 
                farmers or ranchers get started; and
                  ``(C) new or established farmers or ranchers that are 
                converting production and marketing systems to pursue 
                new markets.
  ``(d)  Funding.--From the insurance fund established under section 
516(c), there is transferred for the partnerships for risk management 
education program established under subsection (b) $5,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2018 and each subsequent fiscal year.''.

                        TITLE XI--MISCELLANEOUS

                         Subtitle A--Livestock

SEC. 11101. ANIMAL DISEASE PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE.

  (a) National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program.--The 
Animal Health Protection Act is amended by inserting after section 
10409A (7 U.S.C. 8308A) the following new section:

``SEC. 10409B. NATIONAL ANIMAL DISEASE PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE 
                    PROGRAM.

  ``(a) Program Required.--The Secretary shall establish a program, to 
be known as the `National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response 
Program', to address the increasing risk of the introduction and spread 
of animal pests and diseases affecting the economic interests of the 
livestock and related industries of the United States, including the 
maintenance and expansion of export markets.
  ``(b) Eligible Entities.--To carry out the National Animal Disease 
Preparedness and Response Program, the Secretary shall offer to enter 
into cooperative agreements, or other legal instruments, with eligible 
entities, to be selected by the Secretary, which may include any of the 
following entities, either individually or in combination:
          ``(1) A State department of agriculture.
          ``(2) The office of the chief animal health official of a 
        State.
          ``(3) A land-grant college or university or NLGCA Institution 
        (as those terms are defined in section 1404 of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)).
          ``(4) A college of veterinary medicine, including a 
        veterinary emergency team at such college.
          ``(5) A State or national livestock producer organization 
        with direct and significant economic interest in livestock 
        production.
          ``(6) A State emergency agency.
          ``(7) A State, national, allied, or regional veterinary 
        organization or specialty board recognized by the American 
        Veterinary Medical Association.
          ``(8) An Indian Tribe (as defined in section 4 of the Indian 
        Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
        5304)).
          ``(9) A Federal agency.
  ``(c) Activities.--
          ``(1) Program activities.--Activities under the National 
        Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program shall include, 
        to the extent practicable, the following:
                  ``(A) Enhancing animal pest and disease analysis and 
                surveillance.
                  ``(B) Expanding outreach and education.
                  ``(C) Targeting domestic inspection activities at 
                vulnerable points in the safeguarding continuum.
                  ``(D) Enhancing and strengthening threat 
                identification and technology.
                  ``(E) Improving biosecurity.
                  ``(F) Enhancing emergency preparedness and response 
                capabilities, including training additional emergency 
                response personnel.
                  ``(G) Conducting technology development and enhancing 
                electronic sharing of animal health data for risk 
                analysis between State and Federal animal health 
                officials.
                  ``(H) Enhancing the development and effectiveness of 
                animal health technologies to treat and prevent animal 
                disease, including--
                          ``(i) veterinary biologics and diagnostics;
                          ``(ii) animal drugs for minor use and minor 
                        species; and
                          ``(iii) animal medical devices.
                  ``(I) Such other activities as determined appropriate 
                by the Secretary, in consultation with eligible 
                entities specified in subsection (b).
          ``(2) Priorities.--In entering into cooperative agreements or 
        other legal instruments under subsection (b), the Secretary 
        shall give priority to applications submitted by--
                  ``(A) a State department of agriculture or an office 
                of the chief animal health official of a State; or
                  ``(B) an eligible entity that will carry out program 
                activities in a State or region--
                          ``(i) in which an animal pest or disease is a 
                        Federal concern; or
                          ``(ii) which the Secretary determines has 
                        potential for the spread of an animal pest or 
                        disease after taking into consideration--
                                  ``(I) the agricultural industries in 
                                the State or region;
                                  ``(II) factors contributing to animal 
                                disease or pest in the State or region, 
                                such as the climate, natural resources, 
                                and geography of, and native and exotic 
                                wildlife species and other disease 
                                vectors in, the State or region; and
                                  ``(III) the movement of animals in 
                                the State or region.
          ``(3) Consultation.--For purposes of setting priorities under 
        this subsection, the Secretary shall consult with eligible 
        entities specified in subsection (b). The Federal Advisory 
        Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to consultation 
        carried out under this paragraph.
  ``(d) Application.--
          ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity specified in subsection 
        (b) seeking to enter into a cooperative agreement, or other 
        legal instrument, under the National Animal Disease 
        Preparedness and Response Program shall submit to the Secretary 
        an application containing such information as the Secretary may 
        require.
          ``(2) Notification.--The Secretary shall notify each 
        applicant of--
                  ``(A) the requirements to be imposed on the recipient 
                of funds under the Program for auditing of, and 
                reporting on, the use of such funds; and
                  ``(B) the criteria to be used to ensure activities 
                supported using such funds are based on sound 
                scientific data or thorough risk assessments.
          ``(3) Non-federal contributions.--When deciding whether to 
        enter into an agreement or other legal instrument under the 
        Program with an eligible entity described in subsection (b), 
        the Secretary--
                  ``(A) may take into consideration an eligible 
                entity's ability to contribute non-Federal funds to 
                carry out such a cooperative agreement or other legal 
                instrument under the Program; and
                  ``(B) shall not require such an entity to make such a 
                contribution.
  ``(e) Use of Funds.--
          ``(1) Use consistent with terms of cooperative agreement.--
        The recipient of funds under the National Animal Disease 
        Preparedness and Response Program shall use the funds for the 
        purposes and in the manner provided in the cooperative 
        agreement, or other legal instrument, under which the funds are 
        provided.
          ``(2) Sub-agreement.--Nothing in this section prevents an 
        eligible entity from using funds received under the Program to 
        enter into sub-agreements with political subdivisions of State 
        that have legal responsibilities relating to animal disease 
        prevention, surveillance, or rapid response.
  ``(f) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of completion of an activity conducted using funds provided under the 
National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program, the 
recipient of such funds shall submit to the Secretary a report that 
describes the purposes and results of the activities.''.
  (b) National Animal Health Vaccine Bank.--The Animal Health 
Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8301 et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
section 10409B, as added by subsection (a), the following new section:

``SEC. 10409C. NATIONAL ANIMAL HEALTH VACCINE BANK.

  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a national 
vaccine bank (to be known as the `National Animal Health Vaccine Bank') 
for the benefit of the domestic interests of the United States and to 
help protect the United States agriculture and food system against 
terrorist attack, major disaster, and other emergencies.
  ``(b) Elements of Vaccine Bank.--Through the National Animal Health 
Vaccine Bank, the Secretary shall--
          ``(1) maintain sufficient quantities of animal vaccine, 
        antiviral, therapeutic, or diagnostic products to appropriately 
        and rapidly respond to an outbreak of those animal diseases 
        that would have the most damaging effect on human health or the 
        United States economy; and
          ``(2) leverage, when appropriate, the mechanisms and 
        infrastructure that have been developed for the management, 
        storage, and distribution of the National Veterinary Stockpile 
        of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
  ``(c) Priority for Response to Foot and Mouth Disease.--The Secretary 
shall prioritize the acquisition of sufficient quantities of foot and 
mouth disease vaccine, and accompanying diagnostic products, for the 
National Animal Health Vaccine Bank. As part of such prioritization, 
the Secretary shall consider contracting with one or more entities that 
are capable of producing foot and mouth disease vaccine and that have 
surge production capacity of the vaccine.''.
  (c) Funding.--
          (1) In general.--Section 10417 of the Animal Health 
        Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8316) is amended by adding at the end 
        the following new subsection:
  ``(d) Availability of Funds for Specified Purposes.--
          ``(1) Mandatory funding.--
                  ``(A) Fiscal year 2019.--Of the funds of the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make 
                available for fiscal year 2019 $250,000,000 to carry 
                out sections 10409A, 10409B, and 10409C, of which--
                          ``(i) $30,000,000 shall be made available to 
                        carry out the National Animal Health Laboratory 
                        Network under section 10409A;
                          ``(ii) $70,000,000 shall be made available to 
                        carry out the National Animal Disease 
                        Preparedness and Response Program under section 
                        10409B; and
                          ``(iii) $150,000,000 shall be made available 
                        to establish and maintain the National Animal 
                        Health Vaccine Bank under section 10409C.
                  ``(B) Subsequent fiscal years.--Of the funds of the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make 
                available to carry out sections 10409A, 10409B, and 
                10409C, $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 
                through 2023, of which not less than $30,000,000 shall 
                be made available for each of those fiscal years to 
                carry out the National Animal Disease Preparedness and 
                Response Program under section 10409B.
          ``(2) Additional authorization of appropriations.--In 
        addition to the funds made available under subparagraphs (A)(i) 
        and (B) of paragraph (1) and funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by subsection (a), there are authorized to be 
        appropriated $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023 to carry out the National Animal Health Laboratory Network 
        under section 10409A.
          ``(3) Administrative costs.--Of the funds made available 
        under subparagraphs (A)(i), (A)(ii), and (B) and subparagraph 
        (B) of paragraph (1), not more than four percent may be 
        retained by the Secretary to pay administrative costs incurred 
        by the Secretary to carry out the National Animal Health 
        Laboratory Network under section 10409A and the National Animal 
        Disease Preparedness and Response Program under section 10409B. 
        Of the funds made available under subparagraphs (A)(ii) and (B) 
        to carry out the National Animal Disease Preparedness and 
        Response Program under section 10409B and (B) of such 
        paragraph, not more than ten percent may be retained by an 
        eligible entity to pay administrative costs incurred by the 
        eligible entity to carry out such program.
          ``(4) Duration of availability.--Funds made available under 
        this subsection, including any proceeds credited under 
        paragraph (5), shall remain available until expended.
          ``(5) Proceeds from vaccine sales.--Any proceeds of a sale of 
        vaccine or antigen from the National Animal Health Vaccine Bank 
        shall be--
                  ``(A) deposited into the Treasury of the United 
                States; and
                  ``(B) credited to the account for the operation of 
                the National Animal Health Vaccine Bank.
          ``(6) Limitations on use of funds for certain purposes.--
        Funds made available under the National Animal Health 
        Laboratory Network, the National Animal Disease Preparedness 
        and Response Program, and the National Animal Health Vaccine 
        Bank shall not be used for the construction of a new building 
        or facility or the acquisition or expansion of an existing 
        building or facility, including site grading and improvement 
        and architect fees.''.
          (2) Conforming amendments.--
                  (A) Section heading.--The heading of section 10417 of 
                the Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8316) is 
                amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 10417. FUNDING.''.

                  (B) Other amendments.--Section 10417 of the Animal 
                Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8316) is further 
                amended--
                          (i) in subsection (a), by striking ``In 
                        General'' and inserting ``General Authorization 
                        of Appropriations''; and
                          (ii) in subsection (c), by striking ``to 
                        carry out this subtitle'' and inserting 
                        ``pursuant to the authorization of 
                        appropriations in subsection (a)''.
          (3) Repeal of separate authorization of national animal 
        health laboratory network.--Section 10409A of the Animal Health 
        Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8308A(d)) is amended by striking 
        subsection (d).

SEC. 11102. NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH PLAN.

  Section 11013(d) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8322(d)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 11103. VETERINARY TRAINING.

  Section 10504 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8318) is amended--
          (1) by inserting ``and veterinary teams, including those 
        based at colleges of veterinary medicine,'' after 
        ``veterinarians''; and
          (2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: 
        ``and who are capable of providing effective services before, 
        during, and after emergencies''.

SEC. 11104. REPORT ON FSIS GUIDANCE AND OUTREACH TO SMALL MEAT 
                    PROCESSORS.

  Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Inspector General of the Department of Agriculture shall submit to 
the Secretary a report on the effectiveness of existing Food Safety and 
Inspection Service guidance materials and other tools used by small and 
very small establishments, as defined by regulations issued by the Food 
Safety and Inspection Service, as in effect on such date of enactment, 
including--
          (1) an evaluation of the effectiveness of the outreach 
        conducted by the Food Safety and Inspection Service to small 
        and very small establishments;
          (2) an evaluation of the effectiveness of the guidance 
        materials and other tools used by the Food Safety and 
        Inspection Service to assist small and very small 
        establishments;
          (3) an evaluation of the responsiveness of Food Safety and 
        Inspection Service personnel to inquiries and issues from small 
        and very small establishments; and
          (4) recommendations on measures the Food Safety and 
        Inspection Service should take to improve regulatory clarity 
        and consistency and ensure all guidance materials and other 
        tools take into account small and very small establishments.

  Subtitle B--Beginning, Socially Disadvantaged, and Veteran Producers

SEC. 11201. OUTREACH AND ASSISTANCE FOR SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS 
                    AND RANCHERS AND VETERAN FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

  Section 2501(a)(4) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(a)(4)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                  (A) in the heading, by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023''; and
                  (B) in clause (iii), by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023'';
          (2) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F);
          (3) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following new 
        subparagraph:
                  ``(E) Priority.--In making grants and entering into 
                contracts and other agreements under this section, the 
                Secretary shall give priority to projects that--
                          ``(i) deliver agricultural education to youth 
                        under the age of 18 in underserved and 
                        underrepresented communities;
                          ``(ii) provide youth under the age of 18 with 
                        agricultural employment or volunteer 
                        opportunities, or both; and
                          ``(iii) demonstrate experience in providing 
                        such education or opportunities to socially 
                        disadvantaged youth.''; and
          (4) in subparagraph (F), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 11202. OFFICE OF PARTNERSHIPS AND PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT.

  (a) Changing Name of Office.--
          (1) In general.--Section 226B of the Department of 
        Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6934) is 
        amended--
                  (A) in the section heading, by striking ``advocacy 
                and outreach'' and inserting ``partnerships and public 
                engagement'';
                  (B) by striking ``Advocacy and Outreach'' each place 
                it appears in subsections (a)(2), (b)(1), and (d)(4)(B) 
                and inserting ``Partnerships and Public Engagement'';
          (2) References.--Beginning on the date of the enactment of 
        this Act, any reference to the Office of Advocacy and Outreach 
        established under section 226B of the Department of Agriculture 
        Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6934) in any other 
        provision of Federal law shall be deemed to be a reference to 
        the Office of Partnerships and Public Engagement.
  (b) Increasing Outreach.--Section 226B of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6934), as amended by 
subsection (a), is further amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at 
                        the end;
                          (ii) in clause (iii), by striking the period 
                        at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        clauses:
                          ``(iv) limited resource producers;
                          ``(v) veteran farmers and ranchers; and
                          ``(vi) Tribal farmers and ranchers; and''; 
                        and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                  ``(C) to promote youth outreach.''; and
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``veteran farmers and ranchers, Tribal 
                farmers and ranchers,'' after ``beginning farmers or 
                ranchers,'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or socially 
                disadvantaged'' and inserting ``socially disadvantaged, 
                veteran, or Tribal''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``veteran farmers 
                or ranchers, Tribal farmers or ranchers,'' after 
                ``beginning farmers or ranchers,''.
  (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 226B(f)(3)(B) of the 
Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
6934(f)(3)(B)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
  (d) Office of Tribal Relations.--Section 309 of the Federal Crop 
Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 
1994 (7 U.S.C. 6921) is amended by striking ``of the Secretary'' and 
inserting ``of Partnerships and Public Engagement established under 
section 226B''.

SEC. 11203. COMMISSION ON FARM TRANSITIONS--NEEDS FOR 2050.

  (a) Establishment.--There is established a commission to be known as 
the ``Commission on Farm Transitions-Needs for 2050'' (referred to in 
this section as the ``Commission'').
  (b) Study.--The Commission shall conduct a study on issues impacting 
the transition of agricultural operations from established farmers and 
ranchers to the next generation of farmers and ranchers, including--
          (1) access to, and availability of--
                  (A) quality land and necessary infrastructure;
                  (B) affordable credit; and
                  (C) adequate risk management tools;
          (2) agricultural asset transfer strategies in use as of the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and improvements to such 
        strategies;
          (3) incentives that may facilitate agricultural asset 
        transfers to the next generation of farmers and ranchers, 
        including recommendations for new Federal tax policies to 
        facilitate lifetime and estate transfers;
          (4) the causes of the failures of such transitions, if any; 
        and
          (5) the status of programs and incentives providing 
        assistance with respect to such transitions in effect on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, and opportunities for the 
        revision or modernization of such programs.
  (c) Membership.--
          (1) Composition.--The Commission shall be composed of 10 
        members as follows:
                  (A) 3 members appointed by the Secretary.
                  (B) 3 members appointed by the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.
                  (C) 3 members appointed by the Committee on 
                Agriculture of the House of Representatives.
                  (D) The Chief Economist of the Department of 
                Agriculture.
          (2) Federal government employment.--In addition to the Chief 
        Economist of the Department of Agriculture, the membership of 
        the Commission may include 1 or more employees of the 
        Department of Agriculture or other Federal agencies.
          (3) Date of appointments.--The appointment of a member of the 
        Commission shall be made not later than 60 days after the date 
        of enactment of this Act.
          (4) Term; vacancies.--
                  (A) Term.--A member shall be appointed for the life 
                of the Commission.
                  (B) Vacancies.--A vacancy on the Commission--
                          (i) shall not affect the powers of the 
                        Commission; and
                          (ii) shall be filled in the same manner as 
                        the original appointment was made.
          (5) Initial meeting.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
        on which all members of the Commission have been appointed, the 
        Commission shall hold the initial meeting of the Commission.
  (d) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the Commission shall 
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, but a lesser 
number of members may hold hearings.
  (e) Chairperson.--The Secretary shall appoint 1 of the members of the 
Commission to serve as Chairperson of the Commission.
  (f) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Commission shall submit to the President, the Committee 
on Agriculture of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report containing 
the results of the study required by subsection (b), including such 
recommendations as the Commission considers appropriate.
  (g) Hearings.--The Commission may hold such hearings, meet and act at 
such times and places, take such testimony, and receive such evidence 
as the Commission considers advisable to carry out this section.
  (h) Information From Federal Agencies.--The Commission may secure 
directly from a Federal agency such information as the Commission 
considers necessary to carry out this section. On request of the 
Chairperson of the Commission, the head of the agency shall provide the 
information to the Commission.
  (i) Postal Services.--The Commission may use the United States mail 
in the same manner and under the same conditions as other agencies of 
the Federal Government.
  (j) Assistance From Secretary.--The Secretary may provide to the 
Commission appropriate office space and such reasonable administrative 
and support services as the Commission may request.
  (k) Compensation of Members.--
          (1) Non-federal employees.--A member of the Commission who is 
        not an officer or employee of the Federal Government shall be 
        compensated at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the 
        annual rate of basic pay prescribed for level IV of the 
        Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States 
        Code, for each day (including travel time) during which the 
        member is engaged in the performance of the duties of the 
        Commission.
          (2) Federal employees.--A member of the Commission who is an 
        officer or employee of the Federal Government shall serve 
        without compensation in addition to the compensation received 
        for the services of the member as an officer or employee of the 
        Federal Government.
          (3) Travel expenses.--A member of the Commission shall be 
        allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
        subsistence, at rates authorized for an employee of an agency 
        under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States 
        Code, while away from the home or regular place of business of 
        the member in the performance of the duties of the Commission.
  (l) Federal Advisory Committee Act.--The Federal Advisory Committee 
Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the Commission or any proceeding 
of the Commission.

SEC. 11204. AGRICULTURAL YOUTH ORGANIZATION COORDINATOR.

  Subtitle A of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 
1994 is amended by inserting after section 220 (7 U.S.C. 6920) the 
following new section:

``SEC. 221. AGRICULTURAL YOUTH ORGANIZATION COORDINATOR.

  ``(a) Authorization.--The Secretary shall establish in the Department 
the position of Agricultural Youth Organization Coordinator.
  ``(b) Duties.--The Agricultural Youth Organization Coordinator 
shall--
          ``(1) promote the role of youth-serving organizations and 
        school-based agricultural education in motivating and preparing 
        young people to pursue careers in the agriculture, food, and 
        natural resources systems;
          ``(2) work to help build awareness of the reach and 
        importance of agriculture, across a diversity of fields and 
        disciplines;
          ``(3) identify short-term and long-term interests of the 
        Department and provide opportunities, resources, input, and 
        coordination with programs and agencies of the Department to 
        youth-serving organizations and school-based agricultural 
        education, including the development of internship 
        opportunities;
          ``(4) share, internally and externally, the extent to which 
        active steps are being taken to encourage collaboration with, 
        and support of, youth-serving organizations and school-based 
        agricultural education;
          ``(5) provide information to young farmers concerning the 
        availability of, and eligibility requirements for, 
        participation in agricultural programs, with particular 
        emphasis on beginning farmer and rancher programs;
          ``(6) serve as a resource for assisting young farmers in 
        applying for participation in agricultural programs; and
          ``(7) advocate on behalf of young farmers in interactions 
        with employees of the Department.
  ``(c) Contracts and Cooperative Agreements.--For purposes of carrying 
out the duties under subsection (b), the Agricultural Youth 
Organization Coordinator shall consult with the cooperative extension 
and the land-grant university systems, and may enter into contracts or 
cooperative agreements with the research centers of the Agricultural 
Research Service, cooperative extension and the land-grant university 
systems, non-land-grant colleges of agriculture, or nonprofit 
organizations for--
          ``(1) the conduct of regional research on the profitability 
        of small farms;
          ``(2) the development of educational materials;
          ``(3) the conduct of workshops, courses, and certified 
        vocational training;
          ``(4) the conduct of mentoring activities; or
          ``(5) the provision of internship opportunities.''.

                          Subtitle C--Textiles

SEC. 11301. REPEAL OF PIMA AGRICULTURE COTTON TRUST FUND.

  Effective December 31, 2018, the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
2101 note; Public Law 113-79) is amended by striking section 12314 (and 
by conforming the items relating to such section in the table of 
sections accordingly).

SEC. 11302. REPEAL OF AGRICULTURE WOOL APPAREL MANUFACTURERS TRUST 
                    FUND.

   Effective December 31, 2018, the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
2101 note; Public Law 113-79) is amended by striking section 12315 (and 
by conforming the items relating to such section in the table of 
sections accordingly).

SEC. 11303. REPEAL OF WOOL RESEARCH AND PROMOTION GRANTS FUNDING.

  Effective December 31, 2018, the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
2101 note; Public Law 113-79) is amended by striking section 12316 (and 
by conforming the items relating to such section in the table of 
sections accordingly).

SEC. 11304. TEXTILE TRUST FUND.

  (a) Establishment.--There is established in the Treasury of the 
United States a trust fund, to be known as the ``Textile Trust Fund'', 
consisting of such amounts as may be transferred to the Textile Trust 
Fund pursuant to subsection (e), and to be used for the purposes of--
          (1) reducing the injury to domestic manufacturers resulting 
        from tariffs on cotton fabric that are higher than tariffs on 
        certain apparel articles made of cotton fabric;
          (2) reducing the injury to domestic manufacturers resulting 
        from tariffs on wool products that are higher than tariffs on 
        certain apparel articles made of wool products; and
          (3) wool research and promotion.
  (b) Distribution of Funds.--From amounts in the Textile Trust Fund, 
the Secretary shall make payments annually, beginning in calendar year 
2019, for each of calendar years 2019 through 2023 as follows:
          (1) Pima cotton.--From amounts specified in subsection 
        (e)(2)(A), the Secretary shall make payments as follows:
                  (A) Twenty-five percent of such amounts for a 
                calendar year shall be paid to one or more nationally 
                recognized associations established for the promotion 
                of pima cotton for use in textile and apparel goods.
                  (B) Twenty-five percent of such amounts for a 
                calendar year shall be paid to yarn spinners of pima 
                cotton that produce ring spun cotton yarns in the 
                United States, to be allocated to each spinner in an 
                amount that bears the same ratio as--
                          (i) the spinner's production of ring spun 
                        cotton yarns, measuring less than 83.33 decitex 
                        (exceeding 120 metric number) from pima cotton 
                        in single and plied form during the previous 
                        calendar year (as evidenced by an affidavit 
                        provided by the spinner that meets the 
                        requirements of subsection (c)(1)); bears to
                          (ii) the production of the yarns described in 
                        clause (i) during the previous calendar year 
                        for all spinners who qualify under this 
                        subparagraph.
                  (C) Fifty percent of such amounts for a calendar year 
                shall be paid to manufacturers who cut and sew cotton 
                shirts in the United States who certify that they used 
                imported cotton fabric during the previous calendar 
                year, to be allocated to each such manufacturer in an 
                amount that bears the same ratio as--
                          (i) the dollar value (excluding duty, 
                        shipping, and related costs) of imported woven 
                        cotton shirting fabric of 80s or higher count 
                        and 2-ply in warp purchased by the manufacturer 
                        during the previous calendar year (as evidenced 
                        by an affidavit provided by the manufacturer 
                        that meets the requirements of subsection 
                        (c)(2)) used in the manufacturing of men's and 
                        boys' cotton shirts; bears to
                          (ii) the dollar value (excluding duty, 
                        shipping, and related costs) of the fabric 
                        described in clause (i) purchased during the 
                        previous calendar year by all manufacturers who 
                        qualify under this subparagraph.
          (2) Wool manufacturers.--From amounts specified in subsection 
        (e)(2)(B), the Secretary shall make payments as follows:
                  (A) To each eligible manufacturer under paragraph (3) 
                of section 4002(c) of the Wool Suit and Textile Trade 
                Extension Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-429; 118 Stat. 
                2600), as amended by section 1633(c) of the 
                Miscellaneous Trade and Technical Corrections Act of 
                2006 (Public Law 109-280; 120 Stat. 1166) and section 
                325(b) of the Tax Extenders and Alternative Minimum Tax 
                Relief Act of 2008 (division C of Public Law 110-343; 
                122 Stat. 3875), and any successor-in-interest to such 
                a manufacturer as provided for under paragraph (4) of 
                such section 4002(c), that submits an affidavit in 
                accordance with subsection (c)(3) for the year of the 
                payment for calendar years 2019 through 2023, payments 
                in amounts authorized under that paragraph.
                  (B) To each eligible manufacturer under paragraph (6) 
                of such section 4002(c) for calendar years 2019 through 
                2023, payments in amounts authorized under that 
                paragraph.
  (c) Affidavits.--
          (1) Yarn spinners.--The affidavit required by subsection 
        (b)(1)(B)(i) for a calendar year is a notarized affidavit 
        provided by an officer of a producer of ring spun yarns that 
        affirms--
                  (A) that the producer used pima cotton during the 
                year in which the affidavit is filed and during the 
                previous calendar year to produce ring spun cotton 
                yarns in the United States, measuring less than 83.33 
                decitex (exceeding 120 metric number), in single and 
                plied form;
                  (B) the quantity, measured in pounds, of ring spun 
                cotton yarns, measuring less than 83.33 decitex 
                (exceeding 120 metric number), in single and plied form 
                during the previous calendar year; and
                  (C) that the producer maintains supporting 
                documentation showing the quantity of such yarns 
                produced, and evidencing the yarns as ring spun cotton 
                yarns, measuring less than 83.33 decitex (exceeding 120 
                metric number), in single and plied form during the 
                previous calendar year.
          (2) Shirting manufacturers.--
                  (A) In general.--The affidavit required by subsection 
                (b)(1)(C)(i) for a calendar year is a notarized 
                affidavit provided by an officer of a manufacturer of 
                men's and boys' shirts that affirms--
                          (i) that the manufacturer used imported 
                        cotton fabric during the year in which the 
                        affidavit is filed and during the previous 
                        calendar year, to cut and sew men's and boys' 
                        woven cotton shirts in the United States;
                          (ii) the dollar value of imported woven 
                        cotton shirting fabric of 80s or higher count 
                        and 2-ply in warp purchased by the manufacturer 
                        during the previous calendar year;
                          (iii) that the manufacturer maintains 
                        invoices along with other supporting 
                        documentation (such as price lists and other 
                        technical descriptions of the fabric qualities) 
                        showing the dollar value of such fabric 
                        purchased, the date of purchase, and evidencing 
                        the fabric as woven cotton fabric of 80s or 
                        higher count and 2-ply in warp; and
                          (iv) that the fabric was suitable for use in 
                        the manufacturing of men's and boys' cotton 
                        shirts.
                  (B) Date of purchase.--For purposes of the affidavit 
                under subparagraph (A), the date of purchase shall be 
                the invoice date, and the dollar value shall be 
                determined excluding duty, shipping, and related costs.
          (3) Filing date for affidavits.--Any person required to 
        provide an affidavit under this section shall file the 
        affidavit with the Secretary or as directed by the Secretary 
        for any of calendar years 2019 through 2023, not later than 
        March 15 of that calendar year.
          (4) Increase in payments to wool manufacturers in case of 
        expiration of duty suspensions.--
                  (A) In general.--In any calendar year in which the 
                suspension of duty on wool products described in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C) is not in effect, the amount 
                of any payment described in subsection (b)(2) to a 
                manufacturer or successor-in-interest shall be 
                increased by an amount the Secretary, after 
                consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, determines 
                is equal to the amount the manufacturer or successor-
                in-interest would have saved during the calendar year 
                of the payment if the suspension of duty on such wool 
                products were in effect.
                  (B) Special rule for certain fabrics of worsted 
                wool.--
                          (i) In general.--With respect to fabrics of 
                        worsted wool described in clause (ii), 
                        subparagraph (A) shall be applied by 
                        substituting ``rate of duty on such wool 
                        products was 10 percent'' for ``suspension of 
                        duty on such wool products were in effect''.
                          (ii) Fabrics of worsted wool described.--
                        Fabrics of worsted wool described in this 
                        paragraph are fabrics of worsted wool--
                                  (I) with average fiber diameters 
                                greater than 18.5 micron; and
                                  (II) containing 85 percent or more by 
                                weight of wool.
                  (C) Covered wool products.--Subparagraph (A) applies 
                with respect to the following:
                          (i) Yarn, of combed wool, not put up for 
                        retail sale, containing 85 percent or more by 
                        weight of wool, formed with wool fibers having 
                        average diameters of 18.5 micron or less.
                          (ii) Wool fiber, waste, garnetted stock, 
                        combed wool, or wool top, the foregoing having 
                        average fiber diameters of 18.5 micron or less.
                          (iii) Fabrics of combed wool, containing 85 
                        percent or more by weight of wool, with wool 
                        yarns of average fiber diameters of 18.5 micron 
                        or less, certified by the importer as suitable 
                        for use in making men's and boys suits, suit-
                        type jackets, or trousers and must be imported 
                        for the benefit of persons who cut and sew such 
                        clothing in the United States.
                          (iv) Fabrics of combed wool, containing 85 
                        percent or more by weight of wool, with wool 
                        yarns of average fiber diameters of 18.5 micron 
                        or less, certified by the importer as suitable 
                        for use in making men's and boys suits, suit-
                        type jackets, or trousers and must be imported 
                        for the benefit of persons who weave worsted 
                        wool fabric suitable for use in such clothing 
                        in the United States.
                  (D) No appeal of determinations.--A determination of 
                the Secretary under this paragraph shall be final and 
                not subject to appeal or protest.
  (d) Timing for Distributions.--The Secretary shall make a payment 
under subsection (b) for each of calendar years 2019 through 2023, not 
later than April 15 of the year of the payment.
  (e) Funding.--
          (1) Transfer required.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, the Secretary shall transfer to the Textile Trust 
        Fund $25,250,000 for each of calendar years 2019 through 2023.
          (2) Allocation of funds.--Of the funds transferred under 
        paragraph (1) for a calendar year--
                  (A) $8,000,000 shall be available for distribution 
                under subsection (b)(1);
                  (B) $15,000,000 shall be available for distribution 
                under subsection (b)(2); and
                  (C) notwithstanding subsection (f) of section 506 of 
                the Trade and Development Act of 2000 (7 U.S.C. 7101 
                note; Public Law 106-200), $2,250,000 shall be 
                available to provide grants described in subsection (d) 
                of such section.
          (3) Sheep production and marketing.--In addition to funds 
        made available under paragraph (1), of the funds of the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry 
        out section 209 of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 
        U.S.C. 1627a), $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2019, to remain 
        available until expended.
          (4) Duration of availability.--Amounts transferred to the 
        Textile Trust Fund pursuant to this subsection shall remain 
        available until expended.

             Subtitle D--United States Grain Standards Act

SEC. 11401. RESTORING CERTAIN EXCEPTIONS TO UNITED STATES GRAIN 
                    STANDARDS ACT.

  (a) In General.--Grain handling facilities described in subsection 
(b) may, on or before the date that is 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, restore a prior exception with an official 
agency designated under the rule entitled ``Exceptions to Geographic 
Areas for Official Agencies Under the USGSA'' published by the 
Department of Agriculture in the Federal Register on April 18, 2003 (68 
Fed. Reg. 19137) if--
          (1) such grain handling facility and official agency agree to 
        restore such prior exception; and
          (2) such grain handling facility notifies the Secretary of 
        Agriculture of--
                  (A) the exception described in paragraph (1); and
                  (B) the effective date of such exception.
  (b) Eligible Grain Handling Facilities.--Subsection (a) shall apply 
with respect to grain handling facilities that were--
          (1) granted exceptions pursuant to the rule specified in 
        subsection (a); and
          (2) had such exceptions revoked on or after September 30, 
        2015.
  (c) No Unilateral Termination Allowed.--Beginning on the date of the 
enactment of this Act, a nonuse of service exception may only be 
terminated if two or more parties to such exception, including the 
grain handling facility, are in joint agreement with respect to such 
termination.

        Subtitle E--Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program

SEC. 11501. ELIGIBLE CROPS.

  Section 196(a)(2) of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333(a)(2)) is amended by striking subparagraph 
(A) and inserting the following new subparagraph:
                  ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), in 
                this section, the term `eligible crop' means each 
                commercial crop or other agricultural commodity that is 
                produced for food or fiber (except livestock) for which 
                catastrophic risk protection under subsection (b) of 
                section 508 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
                1508) and additional coverage under subsections (c) and 
                (h) of such section are not available or, if such 
                coverage is available, it is only available under a 
                policy that provides coverage for specific intervals 
                based on weather indexes or under a whole farm plan of 
                insurance.''.

SEC. 11502. SERVICE FEE.

  Section 196(k)(1) of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333(k)(1)) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$250'' and inserting 
        ``$350''; and
          (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                  (A) by striking ``$750'' and inserting ``$1,050''; 
                and
                  (B) by striking ``$1,875'' and inserting ``$2,100''.

SEC. 11503. PAYMENTS EQUIVALENT TO ADDITIONAL COVERAGE.

  (a) Premiums.--Section 196(l)(2)(B)(i) of the Federal Agriculture 
Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333(l)(2)(B)(i)) is 
amended--
          (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subclause (IV);
          (2) by striking ``or'' at the end of subclause (V) and 
        inserting ``and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following new subclause:
                                  ``(VI) the producer's share of the 
                                crop; or''.
  (b) Additional Availability of Coverage.--Section 196(l) of the 
Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7333(l)) is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (3); and
          (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (3) 
        and (4), respectively.
  (c) Period of Availability.--Paragraph (4) of section 196(l) of the 
Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7333(l)), as redesignated by subsection (b)(2), is amended--
          (1) by striking ``Except as provided in paragraph (3)(A), 
        additional'' and inserting ``Additional''; and
          (2) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 11601. UNDER SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE FOR FARM PRODUCTION AND 
                    CONSERVATION.

  (a) References to Former Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm and 
Foreign Agricultural Services.--
          (1) Food aid consultative group.--Section 205(b) of the Food 
        for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1725(b)) is amended by striking 
        paragraph (2) and inserting the following new paragraph:
          ``(2) the Under Secretary of Agriculture for Trade and 
        Foreign Agricultural Affairs;''.
          (2) Office of risk management.--Section 226A(d)(1) of the 
        Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
        6933(d)(1)) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Agriculture for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm Production 
        and Conservation''.
          (3) Multiagency task force.--Section 242(b)(3) of the 
        Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
        6952(b)(3)) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary for Farm 
        and Foreign Agricultural Services'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Agriculture for Trade and Foreign Agricultural 
        Affairs''.
          (4) Interagency committee on minority careers in 
        international affairs.--Section 625(c)(1)(A) of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1131c(c)(1)(A)) is amended by 
        striking ``Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural 
        Services'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Agriculture for 
        Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs''.
  (b) References to Other Designated Department Officials.--
          (1) Definitions under consolidated farm and rural development 
        act.--Section 343(a)(13)(D) of the Agricultural Act of 1961 (7 
        U.S.C. 1991(a)(13)(D)) is amended--
                  (A) in clause (ii)--
                          (i) by inserting ``(or other official 
                        designated by the Secretary)'' after ``Under 
                        Secretary for Rural Development''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``or designated official'' 
                        after ``Under Secretary'' each other place it 
                        appears; and
                  (B) in clause (iii)--
                          (i) by inserting ``(or other official 
                        designated by the Secretary)'' after ``Under 
                        Secretary for Rural Development''; and
                          (ii) in subclauses (III) and (IV), by 
                        inserting ``or designated official'' after 
                        ``Under Secretary'' both places it appears.
          (2) National sheep industry improvement center.--Section 
        210(f)(3)(B)(i) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 
        U.S.C. 1627b(f)(3)(B)(i)) is amended by inserting ``(or other 
        official designated by the Secretary of Agriculture)'' after 
        ``Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development''.
          (3) Intertribal tourism demonstration projects.--Section 
        6(a)(2)(A) of the Native American Business Development, Trade 
        Promotion, and Tourism Act of 2000 (25 U.S.C. 4305(a)(2)(A)) is 
        amended by inserting ``(or other official designated by the 
        Secretary of Agriculture)'' after ``Under Secretary of 
        Agriculture for Rural Development''.
          (4) State plans for vocational rehabilitation services.--
        Section 101(a)(11)(C) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 
        U.S.C. 721(a)(11)(C)) is amended by inserting ``(or other 
        official designated by the Secretary of Agriculture)'' after 
        ``Under Secretary for Rural Development of the Department of 
        Agriculture''.

SEC. 11602. AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN PROGRAMS UNDER 
                    DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REORGANIZATION ACT OF 
                    1994.

  Section 296(b)(8) of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act 
of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 7014(b)(8)) is amended by inserting ``, section 772 
of the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, 
and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018, or the Agriculture and 
Nutrition Act of 2018'' before the period at the end.

SEC. 11603. CONFERENCE REPORT REQUIREMENT THRESHOLD.

  Section 14208(a)(3)(A) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2255b(a)(3)(A)) is amended by striking ``$10,000'' and 
inserting ``$75,000''.

SEC. 11604. NATIONAL AGRICULTURE IMAGERY PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the 
Administrator of the Farm Service Agency, shall carry out a national 
agriculture imagery program to annually acquire aerial imagery during 
agricultural growing seasons from the continental United States.
  (b) Data.--The aerial imagery acquired under this section shall--
          (1) consist of high resolution processed digital imagery;
          (2) be made available in a format that can be provided to 
        Federal, State, and private sector entities;
          (3) be technologically compatible with geospatial information 
        technology; and
          (4) be consistent with the standards established by the 
        Federal Geographic Data Committee.
  (c) Supplemental Satellite Imagery.--The Secretary of Agriculture may 
supplement the aerial imagery collected under this section with 
satellite imagery.
  (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $23,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 
and each fiscal year thereafter.

SEC. 11605. REPORT ON INCLUSION OF NATURAL STONE PRODUCTS IN COMMODITY 
                    PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ACT OF 1996.

  Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives a report examining the 
effect the establishment of a Natural Stone Research and Promotion 
Board pursuant to the Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information 
Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) would have on the natural stone 
industry, including how such a program would effect--
          (1) research conducted on, and the promotion of, natural 
        stone;
          (2) the development and expansion of domestic markets for 
        natural stone;
          (3) economic activity of the natural stone industry subject 
        to such a Board;
          (4) economic development in rural areas; and
          (5) benefits to consumers in the United States of natural 
        stone products.

SEC. 11606. SOUTH CAROLINA INCLUSION IN VIRGINIA/CAROLINA PEANUT 
                    PRODUCING REGION.

  Section 1308(c)(2)(B)(iii) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 7958(c)(2)(B)(iii)) is amended by striking 
``Virginia and North Carolina'' and inserting ``Virginia, North 
Carolina, and South Carolina''.

SEC. 11607. ESTABLISHMENT OF FOOD LOSS AND WASTE REDUCTION LIAISON.

  Subtitle A of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 
1994 (7 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.), as amended by section 11204, is further 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 222. FOOD LOSS AND WASTE REDUCTION LIAISON.

  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish within the Office 
of the Secretary a Food Loss and Waste Reduction Liaison to coordinate 
Federal programs to measure and reduce the incidence of food loss and 
waste in accordance with this section.
  ``(b) Duties.--The Food Loss and Waste Reduction Liaison shall--
          ``(1) coordinate food loss and waste reduction efforts with 
        other Federal agencies, including the Environmental Protection 
        Agency and the Food and Drug Administration;
          ``(2) support and promote Federal programs to measure and 
        reduce the incidence of food loss and waste and increase food 
        recovery;
          ``(3) provide information to, and serve as a resource for, 
        entities engaged in food loss and waste reduction and food 
        recovery concerning the availability of, and eligibility 
        requirements for, participation in Federal programs;
          ``(4) raise awareness of the liability protections afforded 
        under the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act (42 
        U.S.C. 1791) to persons engaged in food loss and waste 
        reduction and food recovery; and
          ``(5) make recommendations with respect to expanding food 
        recovery efforts and reducing the incidence of food loss and 
        waste.
  ``(c) Cooperative Agreements.--For purposes of carrying out the 
duties under subsection (b), the Food Loss and Waste Reduction Liaison 
may enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with the research 
centers of the Research, Education, and Economics mission area, 
institutions of higher education (as defined in section 101 of the 
Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)), or nonprofit 
organizations for--
          ``(1) the development of educational materials;
          ``(2) the conduct of workshops and courses; or
          ``(3) the conduct of research on best practices with respect 
        to food loss and waste reduction and food recovery.''.

SEC. 11608. COTTON CLASSIFICATION SERVICES.

  Section 3a of the Act of March 3, 1927 (7 U.S.C. 473a), is amended--
          (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
          (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:
  ``(g) Hiring Authority.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
employees hired to provide cotton classification services pursuant to 
this section may work up to 240 calendar days in a service year and may 
be rehired non-competitively every year in the same or a successor 
position if they meet performance and conduct expectations, as 
determined by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 11609. CENTURY FARMS PROGRAM.

  The Secretary shall establish a program under which the Secretary 
recognizes any farm that--
          (1) a State department of agriculture or similar statewide 
        agricultural organization recognizes as a Century Farm; or
          (2)(A) is defined as a farm or ranch under section 4284.902 
        of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the 
        date of enactment of this Act);
          (B) has been in continuous operation for at least 100 years; 
        and
          (C) has been owned by the same family for at least 100 
        consecutive years, as verified through deeds, wills, abstracts, 
        tax statements, or other similar legal documents considered 
        appropriate by the Secretary.

SEC. 11610. REPORT ON AGRICULTURAL INNOVATION.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation 
with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and the 
Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, shall prepare and 
submit a report to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
Forestry of the Senate on plans for improving the Federal government's 
policies and procedures with respect to gene editing and other 
precision plant breeding methods.
  (b) Content.--The report under subsection (a) shall include plans to 
implement measures designed to ensure that--
          (1) the United States continues to provide a favorable 
        environment for research and development in precision plant 
        breeding innovation and maintains its leadership with respect 
        to that innovation;
          (2) for plants for which premarket review is required under 
        the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.), the Federal 
        Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136), or 
        the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the process for such 
        review is designed--
                  (A) to minimize regulatory burden while assuring 
                protection of public health and welfare; and
                  (B) to ensure that resources of the Department of 
                Agriculture are focused on plants with less familiar 
                characteristics, more complex risk pathways, or both;
          (3) each agency referred to in subsection (a) recognizes that 
        certain applications of gene editing in plants do not warrant 
        such a premarket review process;
          (4) each agency referred to in subsection (a) clearly 
        communicates the rationale for the regulatory policies and 
        decisions of such agency to the public through broadly 
        available and easily accessible tools;
          (5) categories of plants that are familiar and have a history 
        of safe use be identified and exempted from such premarket 
        review or be subject to an expedited, independent premarket 
        review process for which data requirements are reduced;
          (6) regulatory processes of each agency referred to in 
        subsection (a) are predictable, efficient, not duplicative, and 
        designed to accommodate rapid advances in plant breeding 
        technology; and
          (7) where Federal law provides for regulatory oversight of 
        plant breeding technology by more than one Federal agency, the 
        relevant Federal agencies enter into appropriate interagency 
        agreements to shift responsibility for particular categories of 
        plant products and regulatory activities for purposes of 
        meeting the goals specified in paragraphs (1) through (6).

SEC. 11611. REPORT ON DOG IMPORTATION.

  Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Commerce, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, and the Secretary 
of Homeland Security, shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that contains the 
following information, with respect to the importation of dogs into the 
United States:
          (1) An estimate of the number of dogs so imported each year.
          (2) The number of dogs so imported for resale.
          (3) The number of dogs for which such importation for resale 
        was requested but denied because such importation failed to 
        meet the requirements of section 18 of the Animal Welfare Act 
        (7 U.S.C. 2148).
          (4) The Secretary's recommendations for Federal statutory 
        changes determined to be necessary for such importation for 
        resale to meet the requirements of such section.

SEC. 11612. PROHIBITION ON SLAUGHTER OF DOGS AND CATS FOR HUMAN 
                    CONSUMPTION.

  The Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq.) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 30. PROHIBITION OF SLAUGHTER OF DOGS AND CATS FOR HUMAN 
                    CONSUMPTION.

  ``(a) Prohibition.--No person may--
          ``(1) knowingly slaughter a dog or cat for human consumption; 
        or
          ``(2) knowingly ship, transport, move, deliver, receive, 
        possess, purchase, sell, or donate--
                  ``(A) a dog or cat to be slaughtered for human 
                consumption; or
                  ``(B) dog or cat parts for human consumption.
  ``(b) Penalty.--Any person who violates this section shall be subject 
to imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or a fine of not more than 
$2,500, or both.
  ``(c) Scope.--Subsection (a) shall apply only with respect to conduct 
in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce or within the special 
maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States.
  ``(d) Conflict With State Law.--This section shall not be construed 
to limit any State or local law or regulations protecting the welfare 
of animals or to prevent a State or local governing body from adopting 
and enforcing animal welfare laws and regulations that are more 
stringent than this section.''.

               Subtitle G--Protecting Interstate Commerce

SEC. 11701. PROHIBITION AGAINST INTERFERENCE BY STATE AND LOCAL 
                    GOVERNMENTS WITH PRODUCTION OR MANUFACTURE OF ITEMS 
                    IN OTHER STATES.

  (a) In General.--Consistent with article I, section 8, clause 3 of 
the Constitution of the United States, the government of a State or 
locality therein shall not impose a standard or condition on the 
production or manufacture of any agricultural product sold or offered 
for sale in interstate commerce if--
          (1) such production or manufacture occurs in another State; 
        and
          (2) the standard or condition is in addition to the standards 
        and conditions applicable to such production or manufacture 
        pursuant to--
                  (A) Federal law; and
                  (B) the laws of the State and locality in which such 
                production or manufacture occurs.
  (b) Agricultural Product Defined.--In this section, the term 
``agricultural product'' has the meaning given such term in section 207 
of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1626).

SEC. 11702. FEDERAL CAUSE OF ACTION TO CHALLENGE STATE REGULATION OF 
                    INTERSTATE COMMERCE.

  (a) Private Right of Action.--A person, including a producer, 
transporter, distributer, consumer, laborer, trade association, the 
Federal Government, a State government, or a unit of local government, 
which is affected by a regulation of a State or unit of local 
government which regulates any aspect of an agricultural product, 
including any aspect of the method of production, which is sold in 
interstate commerce, or any means or instrumentality through which such 
an agriculture product is sold in interstate commerce, may bring an 
action in the appropriate court to invalidate such a regulation and 
seek damages for economic loss resulting from such regulation.
  (b) Preliminary Injunction.--Upon a motion of the plaintiff, the 
court shall issue a preliminary injunction to preclude the State or 
unit of local government from enforcing the regulation at issue until 
such time as the court enters a final judgment in the case, unless the 
State or unit of local government proves by clear and convincing 
evidence that--
          (1) the State or unit of local government is likely to 
        prevail on the merits at trial; and
          (2) the injunction would cause irreparable harm to the State 
        or unit of local government.
  (c) Statute of Limitations.--No action shall be maintained under this 
section unless it is commenced within 10 years after the cause of 
action arose.

                           Brief Explanation


                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

     Continues the Price Loss Coverage (PLC) and 
Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC) programs with modifications, 
and discontinues the Agricultural Risk Coverage--Individual 
Coverage (ARC-IC) option.
     Provides producers with a one-time choice between 
PLC and ARC. The choice is made on a farm-by-farm and 
commodity-by-commodity basis.
     Both options utilize the reference prices given 
below, which are all consistent with the reference prices 
enacted in the Agricultural Act of 2014, with the exception of 
seed cotton.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Reference Price
        Covered Commodity                  Units               ($)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Wheat............................  Bu..................            5.50
Rice.............................  Cwt.................           14.00
Corn.............................  Bu..................            3.70
Oats.............................  Bu..................            2.40
Barley...........................  Bu..................            4.95
Sorghum..........................  Bu..................            3.95
Seed Cotton......................  Lb..................            0.367
Peanuts..........................  Ton.................          535
Soybeans.........................  Bu..................            8.40
Other Oilseeds...................  Cwt.................           20.15
Dry Peas.........................  Cwt.................           11.00
Lentils..........................  Cwt.................           19.97
Small Chickpeas..................  Cwt.................           19.04
Large Chickpeas..................  Cwt.................           21.54
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Maintains seed cotton policy enacted in the 
Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018.
     Establishes an Effective Reference Price for PLC, 
which is set at the higher of the statutory reference price 
listed above, or 85% of the 5-year Olympic average, not to 
exceed 115% of the statutory reference price.
     Provides producers who were affected by drought 
during the previous yield update period a new one-time 
opportunity to update the program yield for a covered commodity 
on the farm to the average yield per planted acre from 2013 to 
2017.
     Improves ARC by prioritizing the use of Risk 
Management Agency (RMA) yield data, basing payment rates on the 
physical location of base acres, and establishing a separate 
irrigated and non-irrigated revenue guarantee in each county.
     Converts base acres on farms that were not planted 
or prevented from being planted to a covered commodity at any 
point in time from 2009 to 2017 to unassigned base, on which no 
payments will be made.
     Reauthorizes nonrecourse loans for loan 
commodities for the 2019 to 2023 crop years and makes 
adjustments to Extra Long Staple (ELS) cotton and the formula 
for upland cotton loan rates.
     Reauthorizes sugar policy in current law.
     Renames the Margin Protection Program (MPP) for 
dairy producers as the Dairy Risk Management Program (DRMP) and 
makes adjustments to coverage levels and applicable premiums 
for Tier I covered production, shown below. DRMP is authorized 
through 2023.

      COMPARISON OF PREMIUMS FOR TIER I COVERED PRODUCTION ($/Cwt.)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Bipartisan
                    Agricultural Act    Budget Act of    H.R. 2 (first 5
  Coverage Level    of 2014 (first 4    2018 (first 5    million pounds)
                    million pounds)    million pounds)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
          $9.00                N/A                N/A            $0.170
          $8.50                N/A                N/A            $0.120
          $8.00             $0.475             $0.142            $0.090
          $7.50             $0.300             $0.087            $0.057
          $7.00             $0.217             $0.063            $0.041
          $6.50             $0.090             $0.040            $0.017
          $6.00             $0.055             $0.016            $0.010
          $5.50             $0.040             $0.009            $0.008
          $5.00             $0.025               None            $0.005
          $4.50             $0.010               None            $0.002
          $4.00               None               None              None
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Requires the Secretary to analyze the accuracy of 
feed cost data to ensure the feed cost formula reflects the 
true cost of dairy rations needed to produce a hundredweight of 
milk.
     Allows milk production that is not covered under 
DRMP to be eligible for coverage under a Livestock Gross Margin 
Dairy (LGM-D) insurance policy.
     Modifies the formula used for the calculation of 
Class I milk prices.
     Reauthorizes the Dairy Forward Pricing Program, 
Dairy Indemnity Program, and Dairy Promotion and Research 
Program through 2023.
     Repeals the Dairy Product Donation program.
     Improves the Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP) and 
maintains the Livestock Forage Program (LFP), Emergency 
Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees and Farm-Raised Fish 
(ELAP), and the Tree Assistance Program (TAP).
     Eliminates the payment limitation on ELAP payments 
and provides for a limited exception from means testing for 
disaster programs for certain persons or entities.
     Maintains a payment limit of $125,000 for combined 
ARC and PLC program assistance.
     Continues to ensure that individuals with a 3-year 
average adjusted gross income in excess of $900,000 are 
ineligible for commodity, disaster, and conservation program 
benefits.
     Defines `qualified pass through entity' to ensure 
that payment limitations and means testing are applied 
consistently across similar entity structures.
     Requires the Secretary to ease regulatory burdens 
on producers by providing additional options for sharing data 
across the Department, and offering additional options to fill 
out the necessary paperwork for participation in farm programs.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

     Continues robust funding of the Conservation 
Title, allowing investments in the locally-led, voluntary, 
incentive-based conservation model.
     Builds on the reforms of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 by streamlining, simplifying, and improving program 
administration, while increasing flexibility throughout the 
Conservation Title.
     Reforms the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), a 
program that has been in place for over 30 years and is the 
costliest conservation program. These reforms increase the cap 
from the current 24 million acres to 29 million acres by 2023 
with no additional costs by making rental rate, practice cost-
share and incentive reforms within the program. This is 
designed to target the program to the most sensitive lands 
while avoiding direct competition with market rental rates.
     Simplifies the Conservation Stewardship Program 
(CSP) by consolidating it into the Environmental Quality 
Incentives Program (EQIP) while maintaining program function. 
Existing CSP contracts and associated funding will continue 
until their scheduled expiration.
     Provides increased funding for the Voluntary 
Public Access and Habitat Incentive Program while leaving the 
proven, successful underlying authorities in place.
     Provides mandatory annual funding for the 
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program to be used 
across the three program authorities: watershed planning, 
construction, and rehabilitation.
     Introduces and provides funding for a new Feral 
Swine Eradication and Control Pilot Program to explore 
partnership-based solutions to slow the population expansion of 
feral swine and address their threat to agriculture, native 
ecosystems, and human and animal health.
     Provides additional flexibility for the 
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) making the 
program more efficient for farmers, stakeholders, and USDA, 
while restoring a consistent level of mandatory funding.
     Broadens the covered programs, simplifies the 
application process and program administration while adding 
additional flexibility to the innovative and popular Regional 
Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP). Includes an increase 
in mandatory funding and removes the contributing program 
requirement that was administratively cumbersome for the agency 
and partners.
     Removes an impediment to conservation adoption by 
eliminating SAM/DUNS requirements for conservation and 
commodity program participants.
     Focuses on important natural resource concerns 
like water quality and water quantity, by building support from 
``downstream'' water users while decreasing the threat of 
regulatory intervention.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

Trade Promotion

     Streamlines the Market Access Program (MAP), the 
Foreign Market Development (FMD) Program, the Technical 
Assistance for Specialty Crops (TASC) Program, and the Emerging 
Markets Program (EMP) into one International Market Development 
Program, restoring funding for FMD and TASC, and establishing 
overall funding at $255 million per year, moving forward.
     Complements the recent reorganization within the 
Department of Agriculture by ensuring the newly established 
Under Secretary for Trade and Foreign Agriculture Affairs has 
the tools necessary to enhance the competitiveness of the 
United States agricultural industry on the global stage.

International food aid and food security

     Maintains in-kind food aid as the foundation of 
the Food for Peace Program as well as the 20% flexibility 
provided in the 2014 Farm Bill to ensure the appropriate food 
aid modality can be used in each emergency and development 
situation.
     Reauthorizes appropriations for Food for Peace at 
$2.5 billion annually.
     Strengthens Food for Peace oversight, monitoring, 
and evaluation by allowing funding to fluctuate as a percentage 
of available appropriations.
     Extends authority for the Famine Early Warning 
Systems Network (FEWS NET) to provide advance information to 
more quickly and effectively respond to crises as they emerge.
     Enhances the usage of market impact analysis, 
known as Bellmon determinations, and requires that such 
analysis be completed for all forms of assistance to ensure no 
modality has adverse impacts on local markets.
     Updates food aid labeling requirements to ensure 
U.S. generosity is appropriately conveyed on packaging and 
printed materials, including materials to accompany financial 
assistance that indicate the assistance is furnished on behalf 
of the United States.
     Maintains authority for ``monetization'' within 
Food for Peace, but the 15% minimum requirement is removed to 
allow for more flexibility in development program 
implementation.
     Improves the development ``safebox'' minimum by 
increasing it by $15 million to appropriately account for the 
development (rather than emergency) goals of the Farmer-to-
Farmer program, and by authorizing the Administrator to count 
Community Development Funds (CDF) toward the minimum to better 
coordinate development efforts across foreign assistance 
programs.
     Reauthorizes funding for the prepositioning of 
U.S. in-kind commodities at current levels to allow for 
timelier food aid delivery to areas with immediate needs.
     Reauthorizes the Food Aid Consultative Group to 
ensure that key industry stakeholders maintain the ability to 
provide valuable input regarding the effectiveness of 
procedures and regulations governing food aid programs.
     Streamlines annual food aid reporting requirements 
to allow the USAID Administrator and the Secretary to submit a 
joint annual report to Congress on programs and activities; 
outlines required report content; sets an annual April 1 
deadline; and clarifies procedures if the report is not 
submitted on time.
     Renames assistance for stockpiling and rapid 
transportation, delivery, and distribution of shelf-stable 
prepackaged foods as the International Food Relief Partnership 
to reflect common industry terminology, and funding for the 
program is reauthorized to continue the use of Ready-to-Use 
Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) that save millions of lives by 
providing fortified, nutrient-dense products to vulnerable 
populations around the world.
     Reauthorizes Food for Progress to continue non-
emergency development assistance focused on improving 
agricultural productivity in developing countries and updates 
the program to clarify Congressional intent by allowing 
colleges and universities to participate.
     Reauthorizes the John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter 
Farmer-to-Farmer Program; ensures projects are technical in 
nature; encourages sequenced Farmer-to-Farmer assignments to 
build longer-term continuity and increase capacity building 
within the program; and encourages strengthened communication 
and project coordination to ensure volunteer areas of expertise 
are of direct benefit to host country needs.
     Reauthorizes the Local and Regional Food Aid 
Procurement (LRP) Program to complement in-kind food aid by 
assisting local farmers and communities in building the 
capacity to produce food used in local schools with an emphasis 
on meeting quality standards and product specifications, 
ensuring food safety and nutritional content within each 
project.
     Maintains the Cochran Fellowship Program to 
provide short-term training opportunities to agricultural 
professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, 
and emerging democracies; updates programmatic authority to 
allow for in-country training if deemed more appropriate and 
efficient than conducting training in the U.S.; and emphasizes 
the transfer of skills related to sanitary and phytosanitary 
standards for agricultural products.
     Reauthorizes the Borlaug International 
Agricultural Science and Technology Fellowship to continue 
promoting food security and economic growth through training 
fellowships to citizens from developing and middle-income 
countries; updates programmatic authority to allow for in-
country training if deemed more appropriate and efficient than 
conducting training in the U.S.; and expands the program 
purposes to enhance agricultural capacity in eligible countries 
by providing fellowships to U.S. citizens for the development 
of school-based agricultural education and youth extension 
programs.
     Reauthorizes U.S. contributions to the Global Crop 
Diversity Trust at current levels to assist in the conservation 
of genetic diversity in the world's food crops, and increases 
from 25% to 33% the limitation on the aggregate percentage of 
contributions to the trust from the Federal Government.
     Reauthorizes the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust 
to enable the Secretary and Administrator to respond to urgent 
food needs without compromising their ability to provide 
assistance to other needy populations.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

     Expands the piloted National Accuracy 
Clearinghouse to create a nationwide Duplicative Enrollment 
Database which will be used by all States when making 
eligibility determinations to prevent SNAP participants from 
receiving duplicative benefits in multiple States.
     Requires States to collect and submit SNAP 
participant data to the Duplicative Enrollment Database that 
will be summarized and published annually in a report analyzing 
participant characteristics including tenure in the program.
     Amends the Food Insecurity Nutrition Incentive 
Program (FINI) to include a training, evaluation, and 
information center, and to provide $65 million in annual 
funding by FY 2023.
     Creates the Retailer-Funded Incentives Pilot, 
improving the current benefit structure to provide the 
opportunity for recipients to increase monthly benefit 
allotments based on purchase of fruits, vegetables, and dairy.
     Requires a published review of the Thrifty Food 
Plan by 2022 and every five years thereafter.
     Allows appropriated Food Distribution Programs on 
Indian Reservations (FDPIR) funds to remain available for two 
fiscal years and strikes the requirements regarding the 
surveying and reporting of traditional foods.
     Updates categorical eligibility to only include 
instances where a beneficiary is receiving cash assistance or 
ongoing and substantial services such as transportation, child 
care, counseling, or other services as determined by the 
Secretary. The latter, known as narrow categorical eligibility, 
will have income limits set at 130% of the Federal poverty 
level (FPL) for non-elderly, non-disabled households, and 200% 
FPL for those households with an elderly or disabled member.
     Strikes the State option of deducting child 
support payments, strikes the State option of child support 
cooperation for both custodial and non-custodial parents, and 
eliminates the SNAP disqualification for child support arrears.
     Excludes up to $500 of the Basic Allowance for 
Housing for military families from any calculation of income or 
resources when determining eligibility to participate in SNAP. 
Ensures that only funding in excess of such allowance can be 
used when determining a household's expenses for the excess 
shelter deduction.
     Increases the earned income deduction percentage 
from 20% to 22%.
     Requires States to apply the simplified homeless 
housing deduction of $143 for homeless individuals not 
receiving free housing during the month.
     Ends abuse of Standard Utility Allowance 
deductions for heating and cooling by mandating households 
actually incur heating and/or cooling expenses and proving as 
such at eligibility determination. This ends the practice of 
increasing benefits for those who do not incur heating and/or 
cooling expenses but still receive the deduction.
     Modernizes asset limits to $7,000 for those 
households without an elderly or disabled member and $12,000 
for households with an elderly or disabled member.
     Updates the vehicle allowance to exclude $12,000 
of the value of one vehicle per licensed driver from a 
household's assets calculations. This figure will be adjusted 
for inflation, going forward. States must use the SNAP vehicle 
allowance at SNAP eligibility determination.
     Requires that up to $2,000 in savings be excluded 
from assets in determining eligibility, adjusted for inflation, 
going forward. This is in addition to the modernized asset 
limits for households.
     Beginning in FY 2021: Eliminates the treatment of 
Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWDs) as a separate 
population from other work-capable adults; establishes a 
substantive work requirement for all work-capable adults (aged 
18-59), with exemptions for the caretaker of a child under six, 
those who are pregnant, and those who are mentally or 
physically disabled; for at least 20 hours per week, work-
eligible individuals must work, participate in a work program 
(e.g., WIOA), or participate in Employment and Training (E&T;); 
standardizes the disqualification policy across all States, to 
12 months of ineligibility for the first occurrence of non-
compliance and 36 months for each subsequent occurrence; 
increases the hours-per-week requirement from 20 to 25 after 
five years and amends the components of the work requirement to 
mandate case management, dictates supervised job search, and 
allows for additional options including apprenticeships, time-
limited unpaid or volunteer work, subsidized employment, family 
literacy, and financial literacy; requires States to have 
sufficient E&T; slots for all non-exempt SNAP participants 
subject to the work requirement; maintains the option for 
States to exempt up to 15% of the work-eligible population 
based on an updated formula; tightens and modifies geographic 
waivers, specifically addressing the gerrymandering of areas of 
high unemployment; allows for a two year transition period for 
States to enhance their infrastructure to offer such services.
     Permits a mobile technology pilot for up to five 
authorized States.
     Prohibits switching, routing, or processing fees 
within retailer SNAP transactions.
     Requires SNAP households to take action after more 
than two cards are lost, down from four.
     Narrows the time limit for SNAP benefit storage 
and expungement.
     Requires nationwide implementation of online 
acceptance of benefits post-pilot.
     Requires the routing of all SNAP transactions 
through a national gateway for the purposes of transaction 
validation and settlement.
     Requires States to offer five months of 
transitional benefits for households that cease to receive cash 
assistance.
     Requires at least a biennial survey and summary of 
retail food store SNAP EBT transactions.
     Increases the amount of recovered funds States are 
permitted to retain and requires what those funds can be used 
for: investments in technology, improvements in administration 
and distribution, and actions to prevent fraud.
     Reduces the tolerance level for payment errors 
from $37 to $0.
     Eliminates State performance bonuses but maintains 
the evaluation of State performance indicators.
     Increases resources for The Emergency Food 
Assistance Program (TEFAP) and establishes a farm-to-food bank 
program that leverages available food production in the State 
to provide nutrition for low-income individuals.
     Reforms nutrition education by revising funding 
and administration, and ends duplication and improves 
coordination through the combining of SNAP-Ed and the Expanded 
Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP).
     Permits up to $150 million to be used as 
implementation funds for changes to Subtitle A--Supplemental 
Nutrition Assistance Program.
     Allows for all forms to be considered in the 
delivery of the Fruit and Vegetable School Lunch Program.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT

     Amends the Farm Ownership Loan Program to grant 
the Secretary enhanced flexibility to allow military experience 
or agricultural education to qualify for a portion of the 3-
year farming or ranching experience requirement to become an 
eligible borrower.
     Reauthorizes the Conservation Loan and Loan 
Guarantee Program.
     Reauthorizes Farm Ownership and Operating Loans 
with a modest increase in the guaranteed loan limit to account 
for growing financial stress in rural America.
     Extends the Beginning Farmer and Rancher 
Individual Development Accounts Program.
     Reserves Loan Fund Set-Asides, which is a portion 
of the guaranteed farm ownership loan and direct operating loan 
funds, for beginning farmers and ranchers.
     Removes obsolete references from the Farm Credit 
Act and grants the Farm Credit Administration new oversight 
authorities to go after bad actors.
     Extends the State Agricultural Mediation Programs, 
allowing agriculture and USDA-related disputes to be resolved.
     Updates authority of Farmer Mac to more 
appropriately reflect the current size of the average U.S. 
farming operation.

                      TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

     Creates new forward-looking broadband standards, 
requiring projects financed through USDA to provide broadband-
levels of service through the duration of their loan terms.
     Provides new incentives for borrowers seeking to 
serve high-cost, low-density rural areas to finally develop 
high-speed broadband networks in the hardest to serve rural 
areas.
     Provides new authority for the Secretary to 
prioritize projects that will help to combat the opioid crisis 
devastating rural families and communities.
     During a time of record suicides among farmers and 
ranchers, the bill reauthorizes the farmer and rancher mental 
health services program to provide needed mental health 
services to the agricultural community.
     Provides all rural communities under 50,000 people 
access to the guaranteed lending programs that finance critical 
infrastructure projects such as essential community facilities, 
broadband systems, and water systems and waste disposal 
facilities.
     Simplifies and incentivizes regional development, 
to help rural communities maximize the value of cooperation and 
work together to build their economies.
     Provides assistance to farm and ranch 
organizations to establish Association Health Plans for their 
members.
     Reauthorizes and makes improvements to the 
longstanding water and waste, community facilities, 
telecommunications, and electric infrastructure loan and grant 
programs that bring critical health, sanitary, educational, and 
connectivity services to rural regions.
     Reauthorizes the successful energy programs that 
help diversify our nation's energy supply, promote energy 
efficiency, and create new economic opportunities in rural 
America.
     Adjusts eligibility requirements for the Rural 
Energy Savings Program and ensures longevity of the program.
     Ensures that mature markets for biobased products 
made from forestry materials are not put at a competitive 
disadvantage.
     Expands project eligibility for biorefinery and 
biobased product manufacturing assistance.
     Provides equitable distribution of payments to 
feedstocks under the Bioenergy for Advanced Biofuels Program.
     Repeals the Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency 
Initiative.

          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

     Reauthorizes extramural research, extension, and 
education grants and formula funds for programs administered by 
the National Institute of Food and Agriculture.
     Reauthorizes university research, extension, and 
education for agricultural activities at 1862, 1890, and 1994 
Land-Grant Colleges and Universities.
     Reauthorizes competitive capacity building and 
education grants for Non-Land Grant Colleges of Agriculture and 
Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities.
     Reauthorizes the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board and the 
Specialty Crop Committee while streamlining the membership 
structure and role to enhance the board's function of providing 
industry and stakeholder input to the Department's research, 
extension, and education priority-setting process.
     Reauthorizes funding and updates priorities of the 
Department's premier competitive research and extension 
program, the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative.
     Maintains permanent funding of $80 million per 
year for the Specialty Crop Research Initiative. The Organic 
Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative and the Beginning 
Farmer and Rancher Development Program are provided a total of 
$50 million in mandatory funding per year.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

    The Farm Bill encourages proper management for healthy and 
productive Federal, State, and private forests and incentivizes 
infrastructure and new market opportunities to revitalize 
communities and healthy landscapes.
     Promotes conservation on private forests through 
the Forest Legacy Program and the Community Forest and Open 
Space Conservation Program.
     Protects forests through cross-boundary forest 
management projects by authorizing the State and private forest 
landscape-scale restoration program.
     Works to address the need for innovative wood 
products for low value wood.
     Updates and modernizes the Secure Rural Schools 
law and further empowers the Resource Advisory Committees 
(RACs) that have brought diverse viewpoints together to solve 
National Forest management problems.
     Builds upon the successes of categorical 
exclusions (CEs). CEs are used for routine activities with 
known outcomes, and they save the United States Forest Service 
(USFS) time and money while still protecting the environment 
and natural resources.
     Expedites the USFS's ability to quickly remove 
dead trees after wildfires. This will pay for reforestation and 
rehabilitation, including planting trees, surveying for natural 
regeneration, clearing vegetation around seedlings, and other 
activities.
     Ensures robust protection of the environment 
through environmental reviews while making environmental 
process requirements more efficient by reducing project 
planning times and costs of implementing forest management 
projects.
     Authorizes the USFS to immediately implement tools 
to reduce the threat of catastrophic wildfire, insect and 
disease infestation, and damage to municipal watersheds.
     Directs the Secretary to promote the research and 
development of tall wood building construction.
     Creates no new Federal red-tape or requirements--
no new mapping, planning, rule-making, or reports.

                         TITLE IX--HORTICULTURE

     Maintains funding for the Specialty Crop Block 
Grant Program, with funding provided for multi-state projects, 
while streamlining reporting requirements for State agencies.
     Provides authorization of appropriations for the 
Farmers' Market and Local Food Promotion Program to improve and 
expand direct producer-to-consumer market opportunities 
including the development of local food system infrastructure.
     Reauthorizes the National Organic Program and 
Organic Production and Market Data Initiatives and provides for 
modernization of organic import documentation, new technology 
advancements, and stricter enforcement of organic imports.
     Clarifies the role and authority of State lead 
agencies in regulating pesticides under the Federal 
Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).
     Streamlines the process for Endangered Species Act 
consultations for pesticide registrations and registration 
reviews under FIFRA.
     Provides regulatory relief by eliminating a costly 
and duplicative permitting requirement for pesticide 
applications.

                        TITLE X--CROP INSURANCE

     Allows the Risk Management Agency (RMA) to offer 
insurance for forage and grazing and harvested grain in the 
same season for certain crops.
     Prevents duplication of coverage between certain 
crop insurance policies and Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC).
     Repeals unused authority to offer additional 
discounts to certain producers.
     Affirms RMA's authority to offer yield adjustments 
in certain instances.
     Establishes guidelines for appropriate 
reimbursement of expenses related to the development or 
maintenance of privately-developed policies.
     Extends the discount for beginning farmers and 
ranchers from 5 years to 10 years for the purposes of 
calculating producer-paid premium for Whole Farm Revenue 
Protection (WFRP).
     Directs research and development of new or 
improved crop insurance policies for certain underserved or 
high priority commodities.
     Repeals the Risk Management Education Partnerships 
Program, the Targeted States Program, and Agricultural 
Management Assistance, and adjusts funding levels accordingly.

                        TITLE XI--MISCELLANEOUS

                         SUBTITLE A--LIVESTOCK

     Reauthorizes the National Animal Health Laboratory 
Network for rapid disease diagnosis.
     Establishes and provides funding for a U.S.-only 
vaccine bank to respond to accidental or intentional 
introduction of animal disease--foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in 
particular.
     Establishes and provides funding for the National 
Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program to leverage 
local, State, and national resources in preventing and 
responding to threats such as FMD, cattle fever tick, Highly 
Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea 
Virus (PEDv), and more.
     Reauthorizes the National Aquatic Animal Health 
Plan.
     Authorizes the Secretary to maintain--in all 
regions of the United States--veterinary teams, including those 
based at colleges of veterinary medicine, who are capable of 
providing effective response services before, during, and after 
emergencies.
     Directs the USDA Inspector General to submit a 
report to the Secretary on the effectiveness of outreach by the 
Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) to small and very-
small processors.
     Establishes a Food Loss and Waste Reduction 
Liaison to coordinate Federal programs to measure and reduce 
the incidence of food loss and waste.

  SUBTITLE B--BEGINNING, SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED, AND VETERAN PRODUCERS

     Reauthorizes outreach and assistance for socially 
disadvantaged farmers and ranchers and veteran farmers and 
ranchers.
     Reauthorizes appropriations for the Office of 
Partnerships and Public Engagement to increase outreach to 
limited-resource, veteran, Tribal farmers and ranchers, and 
youth.
     Establishes the ``Commission on Farm Transitions--
Needs for 2050'' to study issues impacting the transition of 
farms and ranches to the next generation of producers.
     Directs the Secretary to establish an agricultural 
youth organization coordinator position to promote the role of 
youth organizations in motivating and preparing young people to 
pursue careers in agriculture, food, and natural resource 
systems.

                            Purpose and Need

    Not since the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 was enacted to prevent a farm financial crisis from 
unfolding has the need for a Farm Bill been more evident. 
Today, as then, the U.S. agriculture economy is in a deep, 
prolonged recession.
    Net farm income has fallen by 52 percent over the past five 
years, among the steepest declines since the Great Depression. 
In the midst of a severe five-year recession, net farm income, 
measured in nominal dollars, is the lowest in 12 years, and the 
lowest since 2002 when adjusted for inflation. Meanwhile, costs 
of production have been steadily climbing.
    The result is that farm and ranch income is not able to 
keep up with costs, forcing farmers and ranchers to work 16 
hours or more a day, with many taking on two or three other 
jobs in town alongside their spouses who also work off the 
farm, just to make ends meet. In fact, the Federal Reserve Bank 
of Kansas City has observed that without this off-farm income 
most farmers would be unable to pay their debts.
    According to the Agricultural and Food Policy Center and 
the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute, about two-
thirds of the representative farms used nationwide to measure 
the economic health of agriculture are expected to be in 
marginal or poor condition.
    Two Wall Street Journal articles--``The Next American Farm 
Bust is Upon Us'' (Feb. 8, 2017) and ``To Stay on the Land, 
American Farmers Add Extra Jobs'' (Feb. 25, 2018)--encapsulate 
well the economic condition of farm and ranch country in 
America today.
    The impacts are serious, both on and off the farm. Aging 
farmers and ranchers are encouraging their children to take 
jobs in the city rather than take over the family farm or 
ranch. Meanwhile, off the farm, the number of jobs outside of 
the metro areas has remained three percent below the pre-
recession peak even as metro jobs have grown five percent.
    But, even in 2015, near the beginning of the current 
recession in agriculture, the Economic Research Service