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115th Congress     }                                         {    Report
                         HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session        }                                         {   115-829

======================================================================



 
 STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 
                                  2019

                                _______
                                

 July 16, 2018.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

     Mr. Rogers of Kentucky, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                            ADDITIONAL VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 6385]

    The Committee on Appropriations submits the following 
report in explanation of the accompanying bill making 
appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, 
and related programs, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
2019, and for other purposes.

                        INDEX TO BILL AND REPORT

                                                            Page Number

                                                            Bill Report
Overview...................................................     1
                                                                      4
Title I--Department of State and Related Agency:
Department of State:
        Administration of Foreign Affairs..................     2
                                                                     11
        Diplomatic Programs................................     2
                                                                     12
        Capital Investment Fund............................     5
                                                                     18
        Office of Inspector General........................     5
                                                                     19
        Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs.........     6
                                                                     19
        Representation Expenses............................     6
                                                                     21
        Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials.......     6
                                                                     21
        Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance....     7
                                                                     22
        Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service.     8
                                                                     24
        Repatriation Loans Program Account.................     8
                                                                     25
        Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan........     8
                                                                     25
        International Center, Washington, District of 
            Columbia.......................................     9
                                                                     25
        Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and 
            Disability Fund................................     9
                                                                     25
International Organizations:
        Contributions to International Organizations.......     9
                                                                     26
        Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
            Activities.....................................    11
                                                                     29
International Commissions:
        International Boundary and Water Commission, United 
            States and Mexico..............................    15
                                                                     30
        American Sections, International Commissions.......    15
                                                                     31
        International Fisheries Commissions................    16
                                                                     31
        Related Agency.....................................    16
                                                                     32
                Broadcasting Board of Governors............    16
                                                                     32
        Related Programs...................................    19
                                                                     34
                The Asia Foundation........................    19
                                                                     34
                United States Institute of Peace...........    19
                                                                     35
                Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue 
                    Trust Fund.............................    19
                                                                     35
                Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program.....    19
                                                                     35
                Israeli Arab Scholarship Program...........    20
                                                                     36
                East-West Center...........................
                                                                     36
                National Endowment for Democracy...........    20
                                                                     36
        Other Commissions..................................    21
                                                                     37
                Commission for the Preservation of 
                    America's Heritage Abroad..............    21
                                                                     37
                United States Commission on International 
                    Religious Freedom......................    21
                                                                     37
                Commission on Security and Cooperation in 
                    Europe.................................    22
                                                                     38
                Congressional-Executive Commission on the 
                    People's Republic of China.............    22
                                                                     38
                United States-China Economic and Security 
                    Review Commission......................    22
                                                                     38
                Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission..    23
                                                                     39
Title II--United States Agency for International 
    Development:
        Funds Appropriated to the President................    24
                                                                     39
                Operating Expenses.........................    24
                                                                     39
                Capital Investment Fund....................    25
                                                                     41
                Office of Inspector General................    25
                                                                     41
Title III--Bilateral Economic Assistance:
        Funds Appropriated to the President................    26
                                                                     41
                Global Health Programs.....................    26
                                                                     41
                Development Assistance.....................    32
                                                                     47
                International Disaster Assistance..........    32
                                                                     53
                Transition Initiatives.....................    32
                                                                     54
                Complex Crises Fund........................
                                                                     54
                Development Credit Authority...............    33
                                                                     54
                Economic Support and Development Fund......
                                                                     55
                Economic Support Fund......................    35
                                                                     55
                Democracy Fund.............................    35
                                                                     58
                Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central 
                    Asia...................................    36
                                                                     58
        Department of State................................    37
                                                                     59
                Migration and Refugee Assistance...........    37
                                                                     59
                United States Emergency Refugee and 
                    Migration Assistance Fund..............
                                                                     60
        Independent Agencies...............................    38
                                                                     61
                Peace Corps................................    38
                                                                     61
                Millennium Challenge Corporation...........    39
                                                                     61
                Inter-American Foundation..................    41
                                                                     62
                United States African Development 
                    Foundation.............................    41
                                                                     62
        Department of the Treasury.........................    42
                                                                     62
                International Affairs Technical Assistance.    42
                                                                     62
Title IV--International Security Assistance:
        Department of State................................    43
                                                                     63
                International Narcotics Control and Law 
                    Enforcement............................    43
                                                                     63
                Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining 
                    and Related Programs...................    44
                                                                     65
                Peacekeeping Operations....................    46
                                                                     67
        Funds Appropriated to the President................    47
                                                                     68
                International Military Education and 
                    Training...............................    47
                                                                     68
                Foreign Military Financing Program.........    47
                                                                     68
Title V--Multilateral Assistance:
        Funds Appropriated to the President................    51
                                                                     70
                International Organizations and Programs...    51
                                                                     70
        International Financial Institutions...............    51
                                                                     71
                Global Environment Facility................    51
                                                                     71
                Contribution to the International 
                    Development Association................    52
                                                                     72
                 Contribution to the Asian Development Fund    52
                                                                     72
                Contribution to the African Development 
                    Bank...................................    52
                                                                     72
                Contribution to the African Development 
                    Fund...................................    52
                                                                     72
                Contribution to the International Fund for 
                    Agricultural Development...............    53
                                                                     72
Title VI--Export and Investment Assistance:
        Export-Import Bank of the United States............    53
                                                                     73
        Overseas Private Investment Corporation............    56
                                                                     73
        Development Finance Institution....................
                                                                     75
        Trade and Development Agency.......................    57
                                                                     75
Title VII--General Provisions..............................    58
                                                                     75
Title VIII--Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on 
    Terrorism:
        Department of State................................   282
                                                                    107
        Administration of Foreign Affairs..................   282
                                                                    107
                Diplomatic Programs........................   282
                                                                    107
                Office of Inspector General................   283
                                                                    107
                Embassy Security, Construction, and 
                    Maintenance............................
                                                                    107
        International Organizations........................
                                                                    108
                Contributions to International 
                    Organizations..........................
                                                                    108
                Contributions for International 
                    Peacekeeping Activities................
                                                                    108
        United States Agency for International Development.   284
                                                                    108
        Funds Appropriated to the President................   284
                                                                    108
                Operating Expenses.........................   284
                                                                    108
                Office of Inspector General................
                                                                    108
        Bilateral Economic Assistance......................   284
                                                                    109
        Funds Appropriated to the President................   284
                                                                    109
                International Disaster Assistance..........   284
                                                                    109
                Transition Initiatives.....................
                                                                    109
                Complex Crises Fund........................
                                                                    109
                Economic Support Fund......................   284
                                                                    109
        Department of State................................   285
                                                                    109
                Migration and Refugee Assistance...........   285
                                                                    109
        International Security Assistance..................
                                                                    110
        Department of State................................
                                                                    110
                International Narcotics Control and Law 
                    Enforcement............................
                                                                    110
                Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining 
                    and Related Programs...................
                                                                    110
                Peacekeeping Operations....................
                                                                    110
        Funds Appropriated to the President................
                                                                    110
                Foreign Military Financing Program.........
                                                                    110
        General Provisions.................................   285
                                                                    110
Title IX--Additional General Provision:
        Spending Reduction Account.........................   286
                                                                    111
House of Representatives Reporting Requirements
                                                                    111
Additional Views
                                                                    149

                                OVERVIEW

    United States economic and security interests are affected 
by long-standing challenges and emerging crises throughout the 
world. From chaos sown by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria 
(ISIS) and other terrorist organizations; Russian aggression in 
Europe and Eurasia; ongoing efforts by the Taliban to 
destabilize Afghanistan; conflict, disease, and the threat of 
famine in parts of Africa and Yemen; provocation by North 
Korea; and sophisticated criminal networks running drugs and 
fueling corruption in America's own backyard, now is not the 
time for the United States to back down from global engagement 
and its leadership role abroad. The Committee firmly believes 
that strategic investments in diplomacy and development, along 
with a strong national defense, are essential components for 
addressing these challenges and protecting America's national 
security. Military power alone cannot solve all of these 
problems, especially over the long term. Advancing United 
States national interests also requires effective diplomatic 
engagement and foreign assistance.
    At the same time, the Committee acknowledges that resources 
are limited, that the nation's debt is a weight on the economy 
and on future generations, and that spending must be curtailed 
in a responsible manner. The Committee supports steps to reduce 
waste, inefficiency, and duplication in agency operations and 
programs funded in this Act, and efforts to press other nations 
and donors to more equitably share in the global responsibility 
to defeat terrorism, support stabilization, promote development 
and good governance, and respond to humanitarian crises. The 
Committee is concerned, however, that the magnitude of the 
reductions proposed for United States diplomatic and 
development operations and programs in the fiscal year 2019 
request would be counterproductive to the economic and security 
interests of the nation and would undermine our relationships 
with key partners and allies. The Committee recommendation, 
therefore, addresses the need to responsibly allocate federal 
resources while protecting United States national interests.
    The Committee recommendation for fiscal year 2019 for 
activities under the jurisdiction of the Subcommittee on State, 
Foreign Operations, and Related Programs is $54,018,000,000 in 
new discretionary budget authority, which is same as the fiscal 
year 2018 enacted level and $11,799,975,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 request. Within the total funding provided, the 
recommendation includes $8,018,000,000 in title VIII for 
Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism, which 
is $4,000,000 below the fiscal year 2018 enacted level.
    The Committee recommendation prioritizes security programs, 
including embassy security, international security assistance, 
and programs to support the defeat of ISIS and other terrorist 
groups and further stabilization and recovery efforts in 
communities affected by conflict, terrorism and displacement; 
programs and diplomatic activities to stop the flow of opioids 
into the United States; programs that promote democracy and 
American values; humanitarian, global health, and economic, and 
development assistance; and oversight, transparency, and 
accountability measures.
    The Committee provides guidance under this heading on 
reprogramming, notification, reporting, and consultation 
requirements contained in the bill and this report.

                           SECURITY PROGRAMS

    The Committee continues its focus on supporting programs 
that are critical to the national security interests of the 
United States, as well as to the security of allies and 
partners in the fight against terrorism and those confronting 
Russian aggression.

Embassy Security

    The Committee continues to prioritize the security of 
diplomatic and development staff and the facilities where they 
work by maintaining the fiscal year 2018 level for Embassy 
Security, Construction, and Maintenance and Worldwide Security 
Protection. To ensure proper oversight of funds, the bill also 
enhances notification and reporting requirements for new 
embassy construction.

Near East

    The Committee continues to provide unwavering support for 
Israel's security, including maintaining its Qualitative 
Military Edge, by providing $3,300,000,000, which is an 
increase of $200,000,000 from fiscal year 2018 and reflects 
full funding for the first year of the new 10-year Memorandum 
of Understanding (MOU) between the United States and Israel. 
The Committee notes with concern that growing instability and 
violence in the Middle East, as well as Iran's expanded 
presence in the region, represent an increasing threat to 
Israel. Assistance is intended to ensure Israel is able to 
defend itself against a wide range of conventional and 
unconventional threats. In addition, section 7034 of this Act 
includes an extension of authority for loan guarantees to 
Israel.
    The Committee also maintains strong support for Egypt's 
security and economic needs by providing $1,456,800,000 for 
assistance for Egypt and notes that sustaining security 
cooperation with Egypt is critical for stability in the region.
    The Committee recommendation strongly supports Jordan by 
providing not less than $1,525,000,000 to meet economic and 
security needs and to address the extraordinary strain on 
Jordan from unrest in the region as the country continues to 
host significant numbers of refugees.
    The Committee recommendation also provides critical 
assistance to disrupt and defeat ISIS and other terrorist 
groups and promote stabilization and recovery in Iraq and other 
areas impacted by such groups.
    The Committee is deeply concerned about the nuclear 
ambitions of Iran and the resulting threat to the United States 
and our allies. The Committee recommendation continues the 
conditions and reporting requirements from the prior year 
related to Iran's adherence to United Nations Security Council 
resolutions and other matters related to sanctions on Iranian 
entities.
    The Committee recommendation continues prior year 
restrictions on assistance for the Palestinian Authority (PA), 
including prohibiting funds if there is a Palestinian 
government formed through an agreement with Hamas, or if the PA 
is not acting to counter incitement of violence against 
Israelis. The bill also includes a requirement to reduce any 
funding by an amount equivalent to that expended by the PA, 
Palestine Liberation Organization, or any affiliated 
organization, as payments to prisoners who committed acts of 
terrorism. As a result of these conditions, no economic 
assistance has been provided directly to the PA since fiscal 
year 2013, and funds provided for other programs in the West 
Bank and Gaza have been significantly reduced.

Afghanistan and Pakistan

    The Committee notes the continued importance of United 
States assistance to secure and stabilize Afghanistan and 
Pakistan. The Committee understands that the staffing and 
programming requirements in these countries will remain under 
continuous review and, for that reason, has not designated 
specific funding recommendations. The Committee expects the 
Administration to refine its plans for programs, facilities, 
and staff in consultation with the appropriate congressional 
committees. The Committee further requires spend plans and 
advance notifications before funds are obligated for 
Afghanistan and Pakistan, pursuant to sections 7015 and 7070 of 
this Act.

Latin America and the Caribbean

    To address security concerns in Latin America, the 
Committee recommendation provides support for Colombia, Mexico, 
and countries in the Caribbean Basin. The Committee believes it 
is critical to continue strong support for counternarcotics and 
law enforcement efforts, as well as assistance for rule of law 
and judicial reform activities in the region, in order to fight 
drug trafficking and violent crime before it reaches the 
borders of the United States.
    The Committee recommendation provides $595,000,000 for the 
United States Strategy for Engagement in Central America to 
address the key factors in countries in Central America that 
contribute to the migration of undocumented Central Americans 
to the United States. The Committee continues conditions on the 
central governments of the Northern Triangle countries of El 
Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras to ensure their commitments 
are sustained. Additionally, the recommendation prioritizes 
security in Central America by including $346,900,000 for the 
Central America Regional Security Initiative (CARSI) to enhance 
border security; counter the activities of criminal gangs, drug 
traffickers and organized crime; and combat human smuggling and 
trafficking. The Committee believes that challenges in the 
region span more than just the Northern Triangle countries. 
Funds are included to address security needs in neighboring 
countries, including Costa Rica and Panama. The Committee also 
provides resources to train security forces in the region and 
expects the Government of Colombia to continue to contribute 
its expertise in this area.

Countering Russian Influence and Agression

    The Committee is troubled by the continued threat faced by 
Ukraine and other countries in Europe and Eurasia due to 
Russian pressure and aggression. In response, the Committee 
recommendation does the following: (1) prohibits any assistance 
to the central government of the Russian Federation; (2) 
maintains funding for the Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and 
Central Asia account; (3) provides robust assistance levels for 
Ukraine and Georgia, including an increase in security 
assistance for Ukraine; (4) provides $250,000,000 for the 
Countering Russian Influence Fund; and (5) includes funding 
above the prior year for broadcasting to the region to counter 
Russian propaganda.

Programs to Combat Terrorism

    The Committee continues to be concerned about the threat of 
terrorism globally and provides support throughout the bill for 
programs to address this threat to the national security of the 
United States. The Committee recommendation provides 
$360,250,000 for antiterrorism programs, which is $15,500,000 
above the fiscal year 2018 enacted level and $128,400,000 above 
the request. Funds are intended to prevent and counter 
terrorist safe havens and to assist partners in the fight 
against ISIS and other terrorist groups. Funds are also 
provided to strengthen international airport and aviation 
security. The Committee notes the continued rise of terrorism 
in Africa and provides additional funds for the Trans-Sahara 
Counterterrorism Partnership and the Partnership for Regional 
East Africa Counterterrorism.

Programs to Combat Transnational Crime

    The Committee supports the efforts of the Administration to 
tackle transnational crime including by fully funding the 
request to support implementation of Presidential Executive 
Order on Enforcing Federal Law with Respect to Transnational 
Criminal Organizations and Preventing International 
Trafficking. The Committee also maintains strong support for 
programs to combat wildlife trafficking, which provides 
lucrative resources for criminal networks, some with links to 
terrorism. Often times these same networks are responsible for 
one of the most heinous crimes imaginable--human trafficking. 
The Committee continues its commitment to address this issue by 
increasing funding for programs to combat trafficking in 
persons and continued support for the Office to Monitor and 
Combat Trafficking in Persons at the Department of State. The 
Committee also maintains funding to assist partner countries to 
prevent and respond to cybercrime.

                                OPIOIDS

    The Committee supports the President's Initiative to Stop 
Opioid Abuse and Reduce Drug Supply and Demand. The Committee 
believes that international efforts led by the Department of 
State are crucial to the success of this Initiative and the 
Committee recommendation provides the funding necessary to 
expand programs and diplomatic activities to stop the flow of 
opioids into the United States.
    The Committee recommendation provides $1,435,151,000 for 
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement, which is 
$66,355,000 above the fiscal year 2018 enacted level and 
$554,801,000 above the budget request. The recommendation: (1) 
increases funding to assist the Government of Mexico in 
securing its borders and combatting poppy cultivation and 
heroin and synthetic drug production; (2) fully funds the 
request to disrupt transnational criminal organizations, 
including those involved in the trafficking of heroin and 
fentanyl; (3) increases funding to support precursor chemical 
control and train foreign authorities on international treaty 
obligations related to opioids; and (4) increases funding for 
global demand reduction programs in order to bolster drug 
prevention and treatment services around the globe. The 
Committee also supports diplomatic efforts to mobilize support 
through international organizations and prevent illegal 
shipments of opioids from entering the United States, 
particularly from China.
    The Committee believes that the Initiative could be 
enhanced by a greater focus on international diplomatic and 
assistance efforts to stop the flow of heroin and fentanyl 
before it reaches the United States. Therefore, the Committee 
directs the Secretary of State, in consultation with the heads 
of other Federal agencies, as appropriate, to develop an 
international diplomatic and assistance strategy to stop the 
flow of opioids into the United States. The Strategy shall 
contain a clear mission statement, goals and objectives, and 
identify the activities and tools necessary to carry out the 
Strategy. The Secretary shall also include relevant information 
on efforts by other Federal agencies implementing programs in 
foreign countries, and steps taken by countries in which 
opioids are produced or trafficked. Not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act, the Committee directs the 
Secretary to submit such Strategy to the appropriate 
congressional committees.

          PROGRAMS THAT PROMOTE DEMOCRACY AND AMERICAN IDEALS

    The Committee notes that during this time of unprecedented 
political change in many countries around the world, American 
leadership is critical. It is imperative that assistance is 
provided to advance democracy worldwide. The Committee is 
concerned about continued repression of civil society in many 
countries, which inhibits the ability of citizens to exercise 
their fundamental freedoms, such as freedom of association, 
speech, and religion. This disturbing global trend requires a 
renewed focus on democracy promotion in order to overcome 
obstacles put in place by increasingly repressive governments.
    The Committee recommendation, therefore, exceeds the 
request for the National Endowment for Democracy and the 
Democracy Fund and includes language in section 7032 that not 
less than $2,400,000,000 be made available for democracy 
programs, which is $91,403,000 above the fiscal year 2018 
enacted level. The Committee recommendation also funds 
international broadcasting activities above the request, 
continues to provide funding for the Peace Corps, and maintains 
significant funding for educational and cultural exchange 
programs in order to further promote American values and 
democratic principles.

                             GLOBAL HEALTH

    Global health remains a high priority for the Committee in 
fiscal year 2019. The Committee believes investments in global 
health represent the best of American values by providing life-
saving assistance, including by preventing child and maternal 
deaths and combating infectious diseases. Just as important, 
funding in global health directly supports United States 
national security by developing the capacity around the world 
to prevent, detect and respond to dangerous outbreaks of 
diseases that have the potential to pose an immediate and 
significant threat to the health and well-being of all 
Americans.
    The Committee recommendation continues funding for 
advancing global health security and designates an additional 
amount for the Emergency Reserve Fund, established by this 
Committee in fiscal year 2017. The need to address pandemic 
preparedness in the developing world is vital for this 
country's health and security.
    The Committee notes the tremendous achievements of the 
President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the 
President's Malaria Initiative (PMI), and the recommendation 
continues to devote significant resources to these programs. 
The recommendation includes additional funds above the fiscal 
year 2018 level for programs to support maternal and child 
health, nutrition, and to combat tuberculosis. These matters 
are addressed further under Global Health Programs.
    The Committee recommendation includes provisions that 
ensure the respect for life around the globe. In support of the 
Administration's Kemp-Kasten determination with respect to the 
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the bill includes a 
prohibition against contributions to the UNFPA. In support of 
the Administration's Protecting Life in Global Health 
Assistance policy, the bill includes a prohibition against 
global health assistance funds for foreign nongovernmental 
organizations that promote or perform abortions.

                HUMANITARIAN AND DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

    The Committee notes that foreign assistance helps to 
advance foreign policy and national security objectives and 
that such support also reflects the values, generosity, and 
goodwill of the American people. The Committee understands that 
hunger, poverty, and displacement of vulnerable people around 
the world can threaten and destabilize countries and 
governments and thereby undermine the national security of the 
United States.
    The world is facing the highest level of displacement on 
record. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for 
Refugees (UNHCR), by the end of 2016 an unprecedented 65.6 
million people around the world had left their homes and 
communities due to conflict and persecution. To help address 
these crises of displacement, the Committee recommendation 
maintains the $7,645,312,000 for the core humanitarian accounts 
that was appropriated for fiscal year 2018.
    In addition, the Committee directs that funds made 
available under Development Assistance and Economic Support 
Fund be made available for programs in countries affected by 
significant populations of internally displaced persons or 
refugees to--(A) expand and improve host government social 
services and basic infrastructure to accommodate the needs of 
such populations and persons; (B) alleviate the social and 
economic strains placed on host communities, including through 
programs to promote livelihoods, vocational training, and 
formal and informal education; (C) improve coordination of such 
assistance in a more effective and sustainable manner; and (D) 
leverage increased assistance from donors other than the United 
States Government for central governments and local communities 
in such countries. The Committee expects the Secretary of State 
to periodically inform the appropriate congressional committees 
of the amounts and specific uses of funds made available for 
such purposes. The Committee further directs that any funds 
made available for the Concessional Finance Facility of the 
World Bank to provide financing to support refugees and host 
communities, be in addition to funds made available for 
bilateral assistance in the report required by section 653(a) 
of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and subject to prior 
consultation with the Committees on Appropriations.
    Finally, the Committee recommendation devotes significant 
resources for Development Assistance and the Millennium 
Challenge Corporation (MCC) and notes that economic growth and 
education are key aspects of long-term development. The 
Committee continues to support independent evaluations and 
monitoring of development programs and course corrections for 
programs that are not meeting their stated goals.

              OVERSIGHT, TRANSPARENCY, AND ACCOUNTABILITY

    The Committee takes seriously its responsibility to conduct 
proper oversight, and thus far during calendar year 2018, the 
Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs 
held hearings and briefings in order to prioritize funding 
requests; understand the political, economic, and security 
situation in critical countries around the world; and improve 
transparency and effectiveness of programs. Additionally, the 
Surveys and Investigations staff of the Committee continues to 
review programs and provide updates on studies that began in 
prior years. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) also 
provides reports on matters within the jurisdiction of the 
Subcommittee, and the cooperation of GAO is greatly 
appreciated.
    Proper management of taxpayer dollars must be a focus of 
all United States Government agencies, and this is particularly 
important for the Department of State, the United States Agency 
for International Development (USAID), and other agencies 
charged with advancing the interests of the United States 
around the world. Waste, fraud, and abuse in the programs 
funded in this bill will not be tolerated. Reflecting its 
commitment to oversight, transparency, and accountability, the 
Committee recommendation includes funds at, or above, the 
fiscal year 2018 level for the Inspectors General of agencies 
within the jurisdiction of the Subcommittee, and maintains or 
strengthens provisions contained in prior years on multi-year 
commitments, direct funding for governments and local 
organizations, financial management systems, and the United 
Nations (UN). In addition, the Committee continues its focus on 
reducing unnecessary expenditures and expects the Departments 
and agencies funded by this Act to work with the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB) to reduce printing and reproduction 
costs and directs agencies to provide information in the 
congressional budget justification (CBJ) for fiscal year 2020 
on reductions made in fiscal year 2019 as a result of such 
efforts.
    The Committee has received testimony and reviewed reports 
from the Inspector General of the Department of State that 
revealed a lack of emphasis on program management and 
accountability. The Committee expects the Secretary of State 
and the USAID Administrator to ensure each agency remains 
focused on improving all aspects of program management and 
accountability. The Committee urges each agency head to appoint 
a senior level person whose responsibility is to keep the 
agency focused on such management and oversight issues that are 
fundamental to good government. Public service is a public 
trust that requires Federal employees to place ethical 
principles above private gain. The Code of Federal Regulations 
(5 CFR 2635.101) specifies the basic obligation of public 
service. Each of the agencies funded in this Act shall ensure 
their employees understand and are in compliance with this 
obligation.
    To assist in this effort, the Committee recommendation 
takes steps to promote improved management of resources 
provided in this Act with a focus on addressing deficiencies in 
information technology, improving financial management systems, 
e-mail and records management, and cyber-security. The 
Committee recommendation also provides funding for the 
ForeignAssistance.gov Web site to make foreign assistance data 
more accessible to the public.
    Section 7069 of this Act includes detailed consultation, 
notification, and reporting requirements related to potential 
reorganizations of the Department of State, USAID, and other 
agencies funded by this Act. It is essential that Congress be 
informed and have access to detailed information regarding any 
reorganization plan prior to its implementation.

 REPROGRAMMING, NOTIFICATION, REPORTING, AND CONSULTATION REQUIREMENTS

    The Committee recommendation grants limited reprogramming 
authorities to ensure that funds are devoted to the highest 
priorities, particularly due to changes in circumstances of 
countries facing unrest, terrorism, and violence. The Committee 
notes that reprogramming notifications must be submitted 
subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations. For the purposes of the bill and 
this report, ``regular notification procedures''' means 
notification must be provided at least 15 days in advance of 
obligation of funds. The Committee cautions that, pursuant to 
section 7015(e) of this Act, advance notification requirements 
may only be waived if failure to do so would pose a substantial 
risk to human health or welfare. The Committee expects the use 
of this authority to be extremely rare and directs the 
Secretary of State and the USAID Administrator to use this 
authority judiciously. Additional notification requirements are 
added in fiscal year 2019 to ensure appropriate Congressional 
oversight of funds.

            TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY


                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE


                   Administration of Foreign Affairs

    The Committee recommendation for Administration of Foreign 
Affairs provides funds for the broad range of activities 
necessary to support the operations and activities of more than 
275 diplomatic and consular posts in 190 countries. The 
Committee recommends a total of $9,212,997,000 for the 
activities of the Department of State in fiscal year 2019. Of 
the total amount provided, $9,054,097,000 is appropriated as 
discretionary funds by this Act and $158,900,000 is 
appropriated as mandatory funds by the Foreign Service Act of 
1980. Additional funds are provided under title VIII. The 
budget request does not seek funding for Overseas Contingency 
Operations (OCO) as in previous years. Funding for OCO for the 
Administration of Foreign Affairs is included in this Act under 
title VIII.
    Embassy Security.--The Committee recommendation provides 
$6,071,348,000, (including funding provided in title VIII) as 
detailed in the table below, to meet security requirements. The 
total amount provided is the same as the fiscal year 2018 
enacted level and $1,016,881,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
request. Funds are made available for the purchase of property 
and for construction, rehabilitation, and maintenance of United 
States diplomatic and consular missions and other posts 
overseas, the costs for the Department of State associated with 
the continued expansion of the Marine Security Guard Program, 
and the personnel and equipment required to protect United 
States Government employees and their families under Chief of 
Mission (COM) authority and property worldwide.

                            EMBASSY SECURITY
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Program/Activity                     Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Worldwide Security Protection........................         $3,759,874
Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance......          2,311,474
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, Embassy Security..........................          6,071,348
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          DIPLOMATIC PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................    $5,744,440,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     8,113,937,000
Committee recommendation\1\...........................     5,821,440,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +77,000,000
    Change from request...............................    -2,292,497,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level and the Committee
  recommendation include funds under this heading in title VIII
  designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) Balanced Budget and
  Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $5,821,440,000 for 
Diplomatic Programs, including up to $1,383,752,000 for 
Worldwide Security Protection (WSP). Additional funds are 
provided under title VIII.
    Funds made available under this heading are allocated in 
the following manner:
    Human resources.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$2,847,673,000 for human resources, of which $479,879,000 is 
for WSP. Funds support American salaries at overseas and 
domestic United States diplomatic missions. In support of the 
Secretary's decision to lift the Department's hiring freeze on 
Foreign Service and Civil Service and authorize the Department 
of State to hire to current funding levels, the Committee 
recommendation includes $77,000,000 above the enacted level.
    Overseas programs.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$1,253,799,000 for overseas programs. Funds for overseas 
programs support the operational programs of regional bureaus 
of the Department of State. Funds support the operations of 
United States embassies, consulates, and other diplomatic posts 
worldwide. Additional funds are provided under title VIII.
    Diplomatic policy and support.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $794,561,000 for the operational 
programs and management offices of the functional bureaus of 
the Department of State. The Committee recommendation includes 
$1,000,000 for the Office of the Special Coordinator for 
Tibetan Issues to carry out the responsibilities detailed in 
section 621(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (P.L. 107-228) and funds to support positions 
authorized in the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2019 for the Bureau of Intelligence and Research.
    Security programs.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$925,407,000 for security programs, of which $903,873,000 is 
for WSP. Funds support the personnel, equipment, and training 
necessary for the protection of diplomatic personnel, overseas 
diplomatic missions, residences, and domestic facilities and 
information.

Fees and Transfers

    The Committee recommendation also includes language similar 
to prior years and requested for fiscal year 2019, which: (1) 
permits not to exceed $10,000,000 to be transferred to 
Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service for 
emergency evacuations and the Rewards for Justice Program; (2) 
provides not to exceed $15,000 from reimbursements, surcharges, 
and fees for use of Blair House facilities in accordance with 
the Department of State Basic Authorities Act of 1956; and (3) 
makes available not to exceed $5,000,000 from fees and other 
payments authorized by section 810 of the United States 
Information and Educational Exchange Act.

Consular and Border Security Program

    In addition to the funds appropriated under this heading, 
an estimated $3,849,877,000 will become available through 
currently authorized fees and surcharges, as well as proposed 
extensions of expiring fees and surcharges, if authorized, for 
the Consular and Border Security Program. These funds will 
support the passport and visa program and maintain consular 
operations that protect United States citizens overseas, 
safeguard security interests of the United States, facilitate 
entry of legitimate travelers, and foster economic growth.
    Discontinuation of visas for nationals of certain 
countries.--The Committee urges the Secretary of State to 
ensure that consular officers comply with section 1253(d) of 
title 8 of the United States Code with the goal of ensuring all 
countries accept persons who are covered by such section.
    Visa processing and training.--The Committee is aware of 
concerns over capacity and infrastructure issues at United 
States Government agencies with responsibility for visa 
processing which have led to processing delays, resulting in 
lost business opportunities for United States companies and 
missed public diplomacy exchanges involving foreign legislators 
and legislative staff invited by United States Government 
Executive and Legislative Branch officials. The Committee 
directs the Secretary of State, after consultation with other 
appropriate United States Government agencies, to, within 
applicable law, regulation, and executive action, address the 
capacity and infrastructure challenges in the visa processing 
system.

Worldwide Security Protection

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,383,752,000 for 
WSP. Additional funds are provided under title VIII.
    The WSP program provides critical funding for the 
protection of life, property, and information of the Department 
of State and supports a worldwide guard force protecting more 
than 275 overseas diplomatic missions and residences, and 
domestic facilities. The resources provided will support more 
than 3,500 regional security officers and 35,000 guards to 
provide perimeter security and access control. Funds also 
support enhanced high threat protection, security technology, 
cyber and information security, secure diplomatic courier 
operations, and protective services for the Secretary of State, 
the United States Ambassador to the UN, and foreign dignitaries 
visiting the United States.
    Within the amount provided for WSP, the Committee 
recommendation includes the amount requested for the 
Directorate of Operational Medicine, which has responsibility 
for contingency medical preparedness and the Department's 
biocontainment evacuation response, which includes the 
capability to support short-notice transnational deployment of 
security and crisis response teams and to evacuate COM 
personnel from posts in crisis.
    Insider threat.--Continuous evaluation of Department of 
State employees, including contractors, and its computer 
networks is required to detect and prevent insider threats. The 
Secretary, who is ultimately responsible for developing an 
insider threat analytic and response capability, should review 
new technology that meets Department of Defense standards to 
increase this capability.
    Security training.--The Foreign Affairs Counter Threat 
(FACT) training course is one of the central training programs 
provided to COM personnel and their families to prepare them to 
safely live and work overseas. FACT training will be maintained 
at the Interim Training Facility until the new Foreign Affairs 
Security Training Center (FASTC) is fully operational. In the 
meantime, the Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
continue to submit semi-annual progress reports until 
completion of the project. Each report shall include the 
current cost estimate, training course transition plans, and 
steps taken to reduce the impact of any job losses that may 
result at existing training sites once FASTC becomes 
operational.
    Sensitive information.--Growing regional unrest and threats 
to United States diplomatic facilities and personnel have led 
to, and increased the risk of, the evacuation of overseas 
posts. The Committee directs the Secretary of State to ensure 
that overseas diplomatic posts have the necessary capabilities 
to quickly, safely, and permanently destroy sensitive 
information that must be left behind, including through 
exploring new tools and equipment to enhance such capabilities.

Other Matters

    Asia.--Diplomatic engagement and assistance programs with 
individual countries and regional organizations in Asia are the 
basis of mutually beneficial partnerships. The Committee notes 
the number of staff vacancies in the Bureau of East Asian and 
Pacific Affairs and the Bureau of South and Central Asian 
Affairs and urges the Secretary to expeditiously fill these 
vacancies in these important regions.
    Child abduction and access.--The Committee notes that when 
making use of the waiver in section 204 of the Goldman Act 
(P.L. 113-150), the Secretary of State is required to provide a 
detailed justification for such waiver involving a country with 
a pattern of non-compliance. The Committee expects the 
Secretary of State to comply with this requirement. Further, 
the Committee directs the Secretary to include in such 
justification the reason, if any, for why actions 4 through 8 
under section 204(d) are not being taken. Additionally, the 
Secretary shall include in the annual report required by 
section 101 of such Act a list of countries with pending cases 
that are more than 12 months old and shall also provide such 
report to the Committees on Appropriations.
    The Committee is concerned about reports of the unlawful 
removal of United States minors to countries in Latin America 
and the Caribbean, including to Brazil and Trinidad and Tobago. 
The Committee directs the Secretary of State to aggressively 
advocate for such minors and to work with host governments to 
facilitate their return. The Secretary of State should also 
consider taking further actions, as appropriate, such as those 
described in section 7034(g) of this Act and those contained in 
section 201(b) of the Goldman Act, with a priority on cases 
that have been unresolved for more than a year.
    Combating Anti-Semitism.--The recommendation includes 
$350,000 for the Office to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism as 
authorized by the Global Anti-Semitism Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-
332). The Committee remains concerned about the rise of Anti-
Semitism and the increase in anti-Semitic incidents around the 
world, and urges the Secretary of State to appoint a Special 
Envoy to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism as quickly as 
possible and to maintain the funding and administrative 
location of the office within the Office of the Secretary.
    Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL).--The Committee 
recommendation includes sufficient funds to continue human 
rights vetting and training at not less than the fiscal year 
2018 level. The Committee notes assistance for democracy 
programs administered by DRL has increased in recent fiscal 
years and the Committee recommendation again provides an 
additional amount above the fiscal year 2018 enacted level 
under Democracy Fund in title III of this Act. Therefore, the 
Committee urges the Secretary to ensure sufficient staffing 
levels at DRL to provide proper management and oversight of 
these funds.
    Eligible Family Members (EFMs).--The Committee is pleased 
with the Secretary's decision in May to authorize U.S. missions 
abroad to hire EFMs and other overseas employees. EFMs are a 
cost-effective talent pool for filling both clerical and 
critical positions at embassies and consulates. Just as 
importantly, they can play the deciding role in recruitment, 
retention, and job satisfaction of members of the diplomatic 
corps. The Secretary's decision is the first step towards 
restoring the high regard for the official and unofficial 
support provided by EFMs.
    Global Engagement Center.--The Committee is concerned about 
foreign propaganda and disinformation that threatens United 
States national security, especially as carried out by China, 
Russia, and extremists groups. The Global Engagement Center 
(GEC), as formally established by Public Law 114-328, is 
expected to use a wide range of technologies and techniques to 
counter these campaigns. The operating plan required by section 
7070 of this Act should describe the GEC's use of detailees, 
personal service contracts, and direct hires, as well as their 
foreign language proficiency.
    Holocaust issues.--The Committee recognizes the important 
work of the Office of Holocaust Issues and urges the Secretary 
of State to ensure the Office has funding consistent with prior 
years to continue efforts to bring a measure of justice and 
assistance to Holocaust victims and their families and to 
assure that the Holocaust is remembered properly and 
accurately.
    Hong Kong Policy Act report.--Not later than 45 days after 
enactment of this Act, the Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to update the report described in section 301 of the 
United States-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 and to transmit it 
to the appropriate congressional committees.
    Intercountry adoptions.--The Committee continues to 
reaffirm its commitment to intercountry adoption as a means to 
offering a permanent family to a child and supports its 
inclusion among the range of options for providing permanency 
for children in accordance with the principles of the Hague 
Adoption Convention.
    The Committee urges the Department of State to proactively 
prioritize, and make funds available for, improving the 
capacity of foreign government agencies and nongovernmental 
organizations, through technical assistance that will help to 
prevent child abandonment and connect orphans, displaced, and 
abandoned children with permanent homes through family 
reunification, guardianship, and domestic and intercountry 
adoption.
    Furthermore, the Committee encourages the Department of 
State to better incorporate at the post level, policies that 
reflect the commitment of the United States Government to the 
principle that every child has a right to a permanent family; 
that advocate for consideration of international placement of 
children where in-country placement does not serve the child's 
best interests and does not provide appropriate, protective, 
and permanent care quickly; and to streamline and strengthen 
the United States Government intercountry adoption programs and 
processes.
    International religious freedom.--The Committee is pleased 
that the Department of State, through the Office of 
International Religious Freedom is working to advance religious 
freedom programs and initiatives as a critical component of 
United States diplomatic efforts, pursuant to the International 
Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) of 1998. The Committee encourages 
the Secretary of State to consider elevating the position of 
the Ambassador-at-Large for Religious Freedom within the 
organizational structure of the Department of State.
    The Committee recognizes that the steady growth of 
religious persecution and decline of religious freedom around 
the world highlight the need to have United States diplomats 
trained to understand and advocate for religious freedom, as 
required by IRFA. The Committee recommendation includes up to 
$500,000 to continue the development of religious freedom 
training curriculum pursuant to Section 103 of the Frank R. 
Wolf International Religious Freedom Act (P.L. 114-281).
    Monitoring and combating trafficking in persons.--The 
Committee recommendation includes $13,822,000 for the Office to 
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, as authorized by the 
Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, as amended. Funds 
are provided to ensure the Office can fulfill the statutory 
mandates, including to support the coordination of the 
President's Interagency Task Force and Senior Policy Operating 
Group, deployment of rapid response teams, production of the 
Trafficking in Persons Report, implementation of child 
protection compacts, diplomatic engagement and technical 
assistance, and management and oversight of increased 
assistance appropriated in this Act to combat trafficking in 
persons.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to post the 
National Human Trafficking Resources Center hotline, email 
address, and Web site information in all United States 
embassies and consulates in areas where visa applications are 
processed. The Committee also supports funds being made 
available to develop the Global Human Trafficking Hotline.
    Public access to federally funded research.--The Committee 
understands that Federal agencies with significant research 
portfolios have implemented policies to provide public access 
to federally funded research findings in accordance with 
guidance from the Office of Science and Technology Policy. The 
Committee encourages the Department of State and USAID to, 
where applicable, implement similar policies for providing 
public access to federally funded research results.
    Public diplomacy.--The Committee continues to support 
public diplomacy personnel and programs and expects the 
Secretary of State to include projected funding for public 
diplomacy in the operating plan required by section 7070 of 
this Act.
    Procurement.--The Secretary of State is encouraged to 
expand opportunities for small businesses or cooperatives to 
compete for Department of State contracts and grants, including 
small businesses owned and controlled by socially and 
economically disadvantaged individuals and faith-based 
organizations. The Committee expects the Department to comply 
with the requirements of the Javits-Wagner-O'Day Act.
    United States citizens detained in Iran.--The Committee 
remains concerned about United States citizens and legal 
permanent residents missing and detained in Iran. The Committee 
urges the Secretary of State to prioritize these cases, and to 
continue to press the Government of Iran for the immediate 
release of those detained and to provide any information it 
possesses regarding any United States citizens that have 
disappeared within its borders.
    Western Hemisphere Affairs.--The Committee supports steps 
taken by the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs to promote 
stable democracies throughout the region through racial and 
ethnic equality initiatives, including coordinating and 
implementing the joint action plans developed with the 
governments of Colombia and Brazil.
    Workforce diversity.--The Committee supports the efforts of 
the Department of State to increase diversity in hiring, 
retention, and promotion within its workforce, including the 
allocation of funds to continue and expand its recruitment 
programs, professional development activities, and outreach 
efforts. The Committee supports ongoing partnerships between 
the Department of State and community colleges, universities, 
and other institutions to improve the diversity and excellence 
of the United States Foreign Service (Foreign Service) by 
preparing both graduate and undergraduate students for 
positions in the Foreign Service, such as the Thomas R. 
Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellowship and Charles B. Rangel 
International Affairs programs. The Committee encourages the 
Secretary of State to explore new opportunities to partner with 
Hispanic Serving Institutions and Historically Black Colleges 
and Universities to further the goal of increasing workforce 
diversity.
    Funds in this Act under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and are subject to sections 
7015 and 7070 of this Act.

                           DIPLOMATIC PROGRAMS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Bureau/Office (includes salary and bureau managed
                        funds)                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bureau of Administration:
    Freedom of Information Act.......................            $33,960
Bureau of Europe and Eurasia Affairs:
    Office of the Special Envoy for Holocaust Issues.                634
        Cultural Antiquities Task Force..............              1,000
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor:
    Human Rights Vetting.............................              9,000
        Office of International Religious Freedom....              6,500
            [Of which for Religious Freedom                        [500]
             Curriculum Development].................
        Special Envoy to Promote Religious Freedom of              2,000
         Religious Minorities in the Near East and
         South Central Asia..........................
    Office of Terrorism Financing and Economic                     6,100
     Sanctions Policy................................
    Office to Combat Trafficking in Persons..........             13,822
    Legal Advisor....................................
        Document Review Unit.........................              2,889
Office of the Secretary:
    Office of the Special Coordinator for Tibetan                  1,000
     Issues..........................................
        Office Global for Women's Issues.............              5,326
    Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues.......              5,497
    Office to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism.......                350
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $103,400,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        92,770,000
Committee recommendation..............................       103,400,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +10,630,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $103,400,000 for 
Capital Investment Fund. Funds provided are in addition to an 
estimated $260,040,000 in expedited passport fees, which will 
be used to support the information technology modernization 
effort, for a total of $363,440,000 in fiscal year 2019 for 
support of the Information Technology Strategic Plan of the 
Department of State.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................       $77,629,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       142,200,000
Committee recommendation\1\...........................        90,829,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +13,200,000
    Change from request...............................       -51,371,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level and the Committee
  recommendation include funds under this heading in title VIII
  designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget
  and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $90,829,000 for 
support of the oversight personnel and activities of the Office 
of Inspector General (OIG) at the Department of State. 
Additional funds are provided under title VIII for the Special 
Inspector General for Afghan Reconstruction (SIGAR).
    Funds provided under this heading will support the audits, 
investigations, and inspections of worldwide operations and 
programs of the Department of State and Broadcasting Board of 
Governors. The Committee expects the OIG to continue the 
coordination of audit plans and activities involving Department 
of State operations and programs in Afghanistan with the SIGAR 
in order to ensure the development of comprehensive oversight 
plans and to avoid duplication.

               EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $646,143,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       159,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................       646,143,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +487,143,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $646,143,000 for 
Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs. The Committee 
recognizes the importance of international exchange programs 
and directs that funds made available under this heading be 
directed to support United States foreign policy objectives and 
be appropriately coordinated with Department of State regional 
bureaus.
    Central and South America and Mexico.--The Committee 
directs the Department of State to continue support of 
educational and cultural exchange programs with Mexico and 
countries in Central and South America and to increase 
opportunities for participation of students from disadvantaged 
backgrounds or historically underserved populations at the high 
school, college, and post-graduate levels. The Committee 
expects the Secretary of State to be prepared to report to the 
Committees on Appropriations during hearings on the fiscal year 
2020 budget request on steps planned to support such exchanges.
    Citizen Exchange Program.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $111,360,000 for the Citizen Exchange Program. Citizen 
exchange programs provide American and foreign participants the 
opportunity to gain knowledge and share expertise and 
experiences through professional, youth, cultural, and other 
exchanges. Funds are provided to support new competitive awards 
administered in cooperation with the various divisions within 
the Office of Citizen Exchanges, including through the Youth 
Programs Division to foster interaction between United States 
and foreign youth artists.
    Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange Program.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $4,125,000 for the Congress-Bundestag 
Youth Exchange Program. This program is integral for the 
continuation of a strong relationship between the United States 
and Germany.
    Critical Language Programs.--Within the funds provided, the 
Committee urges the Secretary of State to prioritize critical 
language programs for United States students and exchange 
programs with countries of national security importance, 
including those with significant Muslim populations and the 
countries of the former Soviet Union.
    English Language Programs.--The Committee recommendation 
includes not less than $45,665,000 for English Language 
Programs. Within the amount provided, the Committee encourages 
the Department of State to maintain strong support for the 
English Language Fellow and Specialist Programs which bolster 
English language skills within critical world regions.
    Fulbright Program.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$240,000,000 for the Fulbright Program. Active in over 160 
countries, the program provides exchange opportunities to 
create and sustain mutual understanding between students, 
scholars, teachers, and professionals in the United States and 
those from other countries. Within the amount provided, funds 
are available for continued support of the Hubert H. Humphrey 
Fellowship program.
    Other exchanges.--The Committee recognizes the value of 
competitive exchange programs for young people, including the 
Youth Exchange and Study program; the Future Leaders Exchange; 
educator programs; and programs providing overseas training in 
strategic languages for Americans.
    Special academic, professional, and cultural exchanges.--
The Committee recommendation includes funds to continue support 
of special academic, professional, and cultural exchange 
programs where consistent with strategic priorities, including 
Mexico and Central America and the academic and cultural 
Tibetan exchanges and fellowships. The Committee expects funds 
for special academic, professional, and cultural exchange 
programs to be awarded on a competitive basis and the planned 
levels for each to be included in the fiscal year 2019 
operating plan.
    Vietnam Education Foundation Act.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $2,500,000 under this heading for 
grants authorized by section 211 of the Vietnam Education 
Foundation Act of 2000, as amended. Additional funds for such 
grants are included under Development Assistance.
    Section 7070 of this Act includes a requirement that the 
Secretary of State submit to the Committees on Appropriations 
an operating plan for funds appropriated under this heading. 
The Committee expects that such plan will include the 
distribution of unobligated balances and recoveries, as well as 
any transfers to this account from other accounts in fiscal 
year 2019.
    Funds made available under this heading are allocated in 
the following manner and are subject to the requirements of 
sections 7015 and 7070 of this Act.

               EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Program/Activity                     Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Academic Programs:
    Fulbright Program................................           $240,000
    Global Academic Exchanges........................             63,176
    Special Academic Exchanges.......................             16,975
        Benjamin Gilman International Scholarship               [12,550]
         Program.....................................
        Vietnam Education Foundation Act.............            [2,500]
                                                      ------------------
    Subtotal, Academic Programs......................            320,151
Professional and Cultural Exchanges:
    International Visitor Program....................             97,765
    Citizen Exchange Programs........................            111,360
        Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange............            [4,125]
Special Professional and Cultural Exchanges..........              5,600
                                                      ------------------
    Subtotal, Professional and Cultural Exchanges....            214,725
Special Initiatives:                                              40,500
    Young Leaders Initiatives........................           [28,500]
    Countering State disinformation and pressure.....           [12,000]
Program and Performance..............................              7,383
Exchanges Support....................................             63,384
                                                      ------------------
    Total, Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs            646,143
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        REPRESENTATION EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................        $8,030,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................         7,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................         8,030,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................        +1,030,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $8,030,000 for 
Representation Expenses authorized by section 905 of the 
Foreign Service Act of 1980.
    Funds provided under this heading are used to reimburse 
Foreign Service officers for expenditures incurred in their 
official capacities abroad in establishing and maintaining 
relations with officials of foreign governments and appropriate 
members of local communities. The Secretary of State is 
directed to submit semi-annual reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations containing detailed information on the allotment 
and expenditure of this appropriation.

              PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS AND OFFICIALS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $30,890,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        25,890,000
Committee recommendation..............................        30,890,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................        +5,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $30,890,000 for 
Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials.
    Funds provided under this heading are used to reimburse 
local governments and communities for the extraordinary costs 
incurred in providing protection for international 
organizations, foreign missions and officials, and foreign 
dignitaries under certain circumstances. The Committee expects 
the Department of State to provide reimbursement to local 
jurisdictions on a timely basis if claims are fully justified.
    The Department of State shall continue to submit to the 
Committees on Appropriations a semi-annual report on the number 
of claims for extraordinary protective services that have been 
submitted by eligible jurisdictions that are certified as 
meeting the program requirements and the amount of unobligated 
funds available to pay such claims.
    Section 7034(i) of this Act continues authority for the 
Secretary of State to transfer expired unobligated balances 
from funds made available under Diplomatic Programs. The 
Committee directs the Department of State to include any 
expired balances transferred to this heading in the report 
required by the previous paragraph.

            EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................    $2,242,696,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     1,657,543,000
Committee recommendation..............................     2,311,474,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +68,778,000
    Change from request...............................      +653,931,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level includes funds under
  this heading in title VIII designated pursuant to section
  251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control
  Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $2,311,474,000 for 
Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance.
    Embassy construction and maintenance program.--The 
Committee recommendation includes $1,546,015,000 for Worldwide 
Security Upgrades. The Committee recommendation continues 
language in section 7004 requiring all agencies and departments 
to fully meet their capital cost sharing obligations under 
subsection (e) of section 604 of the Secure Embassy 
Construction and Counterterrorism Act of 1999, in order to be 
allocated office space or other accommodations in newly 
constructed or renovated diplomatic facilities.
    The Committee reminds the Secretary to promptly inform the 
Committee of agencies that are delinquent in fulfilling their 
capital security cost sharing obligation as required by section 
7004(a) of this Act.
    The recommendation includes funds made available under this 
heading in this Act for the Department's Capital Security Cost 
Savings (CSCS) and Maintenance Cost Sharing (MCS) annual 
contributions. When combined with the estimated CSCS and MCS 
reimbursements from other agencies and consular fees, total 
resources for maintenance, construction and design of embassy 
and consulate compounds exceeds the recommendation of the 
Accountability Review Board and supports the accelerated multi-
year program to construct new secure replacement facilities for 
the most vulnerable embassies and consulates.
    Notification and reporting requirements.--Section 7004(d) 
of this Act continues the enhanced notification requirements 
from prior Acts as a means of ensuring the Committee has the 
necessary information to conduct appropriate oversight of 
construction projects. For purposes of section 7004(d) of this 
Act, the Department is directed to clearly define and 
consistently report on the elements of each project factor and 
an explanation of any changes from previous reports or 
notifications for a project.
    Notifications made pursuant to section 7004(d) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following project factors: (1) the 
location and size of the property to be acquired, including the 
proximity to existing United States diplomatic facilities and 
host government ministries; (2) the justification of need for 
acquiring the property and construction of new facilities and 
the reconciled appraised value of the project; (3) the detailed 
breakdown of the total project costs, including, at a minimum, 
the following cost categories: (a) site acquisition, (b) 
project development, (c) design contract, (d) primary 
construction, (e) other construction costs, including: (i) 
procurement of art, (ii) furniture, (iii) project supervision, 
(iv) construction security, (v) contingency, and (vi) value 
added tax, and (f) any other relevant costs; (4) the revenues 
derived from, or estimated to be derived from, real property 
sales and gifts associated with the project, if applicable; (5) 
any unique requirements of the project that may increase the 
cost of the project, such as consular workload, legal 
environment, physical and/or security requirements, and seismic 
capabilities; (6) the number of waivers required pursuant to 
section 606 of Appendix G of Public Law 106-113, if applicable; 
(7) any religious, cultural, or political factors that may 
affect the cost, location, or construction timeline; (8) the 
current and projected number of desks, agency presence, and the 
projected number of United States direct hire staff, Locally 
Employed Staff, and Third Country Nationals; (9) the current 
and projected number of beds, if applicable; (10) the most 
recent rightsizing analysis, and a justification for exceeding 
the staffing projections of such rightsizing analysis, if 
applicable; (11) with respect to new projects not previously 
justified to the Committees on Appropriations, confirmation 
that the Department of State has completed the requisite value 
engineering studies required pursuant to OMB Circular A-131 and 
Bureau of Overseas Building Operations Policy and Procedure 
Directive, Cost 02 and the Department's adjudication of those 
recommendations; and (12) the project's scheduled start and 
completion date, actual start and current estimated completion 
date, and an explanation of any changes.
    The Committee remains concerned about the costs associated 
with new embassy and consulate compound construction projects, 
particularly the Beirut Embassy, Mexico City Embassy, New Delhi 
Embassy, Erbil Consulate, and Jakarta Embassy projects. The 
Committee recommendation continues and expands the requirement 
for quarterly reports for these projects in section 7004(h) of 
this Act. The reports should include the following: (1) the 
project factors as specified under Enhanced Notification 
Requirements in section 7004(d) of this Act that were used to 
develop the initial cost estimate to justify the project; (2) 
changes in these factors from the initial cost estimate to the 
current estimate, with an explanation of such changes; (3) an 
explanation of cost containment measures being used to address 
cost growth from the initial estimates; and (4) project 
performance assessment.
    Other repair, construction, and operations.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $765,459,000 for other repair, 
construction, and operations costs. These funds support the 
management of United States Government real property overseas, 
maintenance of Government-owned and long-term leased properties 
at over 275 locations, and leasing of office and functional 
facilities and residential units, not only for the Department 
of State, but also for all United States employees overseas 
under COM authority.
    Operating plan.--Section 7070 of this Act requires the 
Secretary of State to submit to the Committees on 
Appropriations an operating plan for funds appropriated under 
this heading. Such plan should include all resources available 
to the Department of State in fiscal year 2019 for operations, 
maintenance, and construction, and an accounting of the actual 
and anticipated proceeds of sales or gifts for all projects in 
fiscal year 2018.
    Project contingency savings.--The Committee understands 
from the information included in the notifications required by 
section 7004 of this Act that the Department of State has 
contingency savings on previously appropriated construction 
projects. The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations at the end 
of each fiscal quarter on such contingency savings.
    Project performance assessments.--The Department of State 
shall develop performance metrics to evaluate the performance 
of ongoing projects. Each project assessment required under 
section 7004(h) shall contain charts and explanatory narratives 
for each of the following seven performance metrics: (1) Labor 
Resources Status--the monthly and cumulative amount of planned 
and actual man-months; (2) Work in Place Status--the monthly 
and cumulative amount of planned and actual value of work; (3) 
Contract Change Order Status--the monthly and cumulative 
number, days of delay, and value of: approved contract 
modifications, the government's position on proposed change 
orders, and the contractor's position on proposed change 
orders; (4) Construction S-Curve--a chart that compares the 
current project execution schedule against the baseline and 
successive iterations of project execution schedules (including 
the as of date of each approved project execution schedule), 
including the effects of contract modifications, contractor-
proposed change orders, and contractor requests for equitable 
adjustment; (5) Activity Status--the monthly and cumulative 
number of activities planned and actually started; (6) Activity 
Duration Status--the monthly number of activities completed and 
their planned and actual duration; and (7) Quality Status--the 
monthly and cumulative number of quality control and quality 
assurance deficiencies identified, corrected, uncorrected, 
reported corrected but not yet verified, and reported corrected 
but rejected and reissued.

           EMERGENCIES IN THE DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................        $7,885,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................         7,885,000
Committee recommendation..............................         7,885,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $7,885,000 to enable 
the Secretary of State to meet unforeseen emergencies arising 
in the Diplomatic and Consular Service. Funding provided under 
this heading is available until expended.
    The recommendation provides resources for the Department of 
State to meet emergency requirements in the conduct of foreign 
affairs, including for the following purposes: (1) travel and 
subsistence expenses for relocation of American employees of 
the United States Government and their families from troubled 
areas to the United States or safe-haven posts; (2) allowances 
granted to Department of State employees and their dependents 
evacuated to the United States for the convenience of the 
Government; and (3) payment of rewards for information 
concerning terrorist activities.
    The recommendation continues prior year language providing 
the authority to transfer up to $1,000,000 from this heading to 
Repatriation Loans Program. This authority will ensure an 
adequate level of resources for loans to American citizens 
through the Repatriation Loans Program, should additional funds 
be required due to an unanticipated increase in the number of 
loans.

                   REPATRIATION LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................        $1,300,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................         1,300,000
Committee recommendation..............................         1,300,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,300,000 for the 
subsidy cost of repatriation loans.

              PAYMENT TO THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $31,963,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        26,312,000
Committee recommendation..............................        31,963,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................        +5,651,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $31,963,000 for 
Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan. The Committee 
recommendation supports operating expenses of the American 
Institute in Taiwan (AIT) and funds may also be made available 
for special projects and consular upgrades.
    The Taiwan Relations Act requires that programs concerning 
Taiwan be carried out by the AIT and authorizes funds to be 
appropriated to the Secretary of State to carry out the 
provisions of this Act. The Institute administers programs in 
the areas of economic and commercial services, cultural 
affairs, travel services, and logistics. The Department of 
State contracts with the AIT to carry out these activities.

         INTERNATIONAL CENTER, WASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................          $743,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................           743,000
Committee recommendation..............................           743,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $743,000 for site 
security and routine maintenance and repairs to public spaces 
of the International Center, Washington, D.C.

     PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $158,900,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       158,900,000
Committee recommendation..............................       158,900,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $158,900,000 for 
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund.
    These funds are mandatory for budget scorekeeping purposes 
and are appropriated by the Foreign Service Act of 1980, for 
the unfunded liability created by new benefits, new groups of 
beneficiaries, or increased salaries on which benefits are 
computed. The Retirement Fund is maintained through 
contributions made by participants, matching government 
contributions, special government contributions (including this 
account), interest on investments, and voluntary contributions.

                      International Organizations


              CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................    $1,371,168,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     1,095,045,000
Committee recommendation..............................     1,364,415,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        -6,753,000
    Change from request...............................      +269,370,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2018 enacted level includes funds under this heading
  in title VIII designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) Balanced
  Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,364,415,000 for 
Contributions to International Organizations. This account 
supports annual United States assessed contributions to 
international organizations, including the United Nations. The 
Committee recommendation prioritizes payments for organizations 
whose work promotes human health and international security, 
including the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the 
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The Committee 
recommendation provides funding above the request to ensure 
adequate resources for these and other such organizations.
    Capital projects.--Section 7048(f) includes language 
carried in the prior year requiring any operating plan 
submitted for funds made available under this heading to 
include information on capital projects. The Committee is 
concerned about cost overruns of the New NATO Headquarters 
project and directs the Secretary of State to include 
information on steps taken to mitigate such costs. The 
Committee recommendation does not include funding for the UN 
Headquarters in New York, which has been completed.
    Report.--The Committee remains concerned with continued 
anti-Israel bias at the UN and strongly endorses the Department 
of State's withholding of a proportionate share of the costs to 
such UN entities deemed to be anti-Israeli. Pursuant to Public 
Law 98-164, as amended, the Committee notes that in fiscal year 
2017 the Secretary of State withheld funding to the following: 
the Division for Palestinian Rights in the Department of 
Political Affairs; the Committee on the Exercise of the 
Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People; and the Special 
Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human 
Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the 
Occupied Territories. The Committee supports this action and 
directs the Department to include a description of any anti-
Israel activities of these entities in the annual report 
submitted pursuant to section 4(a) of Public Law 79-264 on 
United States participation in the UN.
    Transparency and accountability.--The Committee supports 
efforts to increase accountability by strengthening internal 
controls and systems to investigate and eliminate waste, fraud, 
and abuse. The Committee expects the UN and other international 
organizations to have a designated official to carry out an 
independent ethics function and to provide protection from 
retaliation to whistleblowers who volunteer information 
concerning ongoing waste, fraud, and abuse.
    Section 7048(a)(1) includes modified language withholding a 
portion of funds until the Secretary of State determines and 
reports that certain transparency and accountability 
requirements have been met, and expands the list of 
organizations subject to such requirements. Subsection 
(a)(1)(C) requires the Secretary of State to determine whether 
each organization, department, or agency is effectively 
implementing and enforcing policies and procedures on the 
appropriate use of travel funds, including restrictions on 
first class and business class travel. The report to accompany 
such determination shall provide an updated assessment of the 
recommendations contained in the April 2017 United Nations 
Joint Inspection Unit's ``Review of Air Travel Policies in the 
United Nations System,'' including whether each organization 
has adopted the second recommendation to ``abolish first class 
travel for all categories of staff and non-staff by January 
2019.'' The report should also include additional 
recommendations from the Secretary for reducing travel costs 
and improving the oversight of travel at such entities. 
Subsection (a)(3) requires the Secretary of State to assess 
whether certain organizations are meeting the requirements of 
subparagraphs (A) through (C) and provide a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations. The report should identify any 
deficiencies in organizations with respect to meeting these 
requirements and any steps planned to address such 
deficiencies. The Secretary of State shall continue to include 
information on an organization-by-organization basis in the 
reports submitted pursuant to subsections (a)(1) and (a)(3).
    UN budget.--The Committee recommendation includes language 
carried in the prior year requiring the Secretary of State to 
transmit to the Committees on Appropriations the most recent 
biennial budget prepared by the UN at the time of the 
submission of the President's budget to Congress. The Committee 
recommendation also includes language carried in the prior year 
requiring the Secretary of State to notify the Committees on 
Appropriations at least 15 days in advance of any UN action to 
increase funding for any UN program without identifying an 
offsetting decrease elsewhere in the UN budget.
    UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization 
(UNESCO).--The Committee notes that, due to the application of 
Public Law 101-246 and Public Law 103-236, United States 
contributions are currently being withheld from UNESCO. No 
funds were requested and none are provided in this Act for a 
contribution to UNESCO.
    UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC).--The Committee is 
concerned about the credibility and effectiveness of UNHRC and 
notes with disappointment the ascension to UNHRC of countries 
with poor human rights records. The Committee is also concerned 
with the continued, disproportionate focus of UNHRC on Israel. 
The Committee recommendation includes modified language in 
section 7048(c) of this Act prohibiting funds to UNHRC unless 
certain conditions are met.
    Not later than 60 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit an updated 
report to the Committees on Appropriations on all United States 
contributions to the UNHRC for the preceding fiscal year, 
including amounts provided through the UN Regular Budget and 
through voluntary contributions.
    The Committee notes with concern the passage by the UNHRC 
of resolution A/HRC/31/L.39, which is counterproductive to 
achieving peace between Israel and the Palestinians. The 
Committee does not expect the United States to participate in 
the implementation of this resolution and directs the Secretary 
of State to urge the UNHRC and other countries to do the same. 
The Committee directs the Secretary to work with the UN High 
Commissioner for Human Rights to minimize the impact of the 
compilation of the database called for under that resolution.
    UN reform.--The Committee expects the Department of State 
and the United States Mission to the United Nations (USUN) to 
keep UN reform a high priority and to work with other UN member 
states to increase the accountability of the UN and other 
international organizations. The Committee supports efforts to 
make the UN and other international organizations more 
efficient, less costly and to ensure that costs are shared on a 
more equitable basis. The Committee also supports efforts to 
examine and cancel expensive commercial leases and downsize 
operations in areas with high costs of living and construction 
costs. Not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State is directed to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations on these matters. Such report 
should include a description of estimated cost savings and cost 
avoidance of reforms undertaken.
    Universal Postal Union.--The Committee is concerned with 
the continued use of the international postal system to send 
opioids and other illicit drugs to the United States, 
especially from China. The Committee expects the Secretary of 
State to work with the Universal Postal Union to adopt and 
implement measures to further strengthen the security of the 
mail system, including improvements to the quality of data 
collection and further adoption of the advance electronic data 
system. The opioid strategy directed in the Overview of this 
report should describe measures taken and planned to be taken 
by the Department of State to work with the Universal Postal 
Union and member states to increase the security of the mail 
system, particularly from China and other countries that send 
such contraband.
    UN and United States companies.--The Committee expects the 
Department of State and USUN to monitor procurement processes 
at UN organizations, including the World Health Organization, 
and ensure that American manufacturers and suppliers are being 
provided fair treatment in bidding on projects and services, 
and to monitor policies in place that may unfairly exclude or 
discriminate against United States companies. Not later than 90 
days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall 
submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations on these 
matters.

        CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................      $414,624,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     1,196,108,000
Committee recommendation..............................     1,589,496,000
    Change from enacted level.........................    +1,174,872,000
    Change from request...............................      +393,388,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2018 enacted level includes funds under this heading
  in title VIII designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) Balanced
  Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,589,496,000 for 
Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities, which 
is $393,388,000 above the fiscal year 2018 enacted level. The 
Committee intends to support the assessed cost of peacekeeping 
missions at the statutory level of 25 percent and will evaluate 
the need for additional funds based on the latest estimates of 
projected carryover and available credits as the appropriation 
process proceeds. The Committee provides funding to pay 
assessed expenses for the UN Support Office in Somalia under 
Peacekeeping Operations instead of under this heading.
    Cost containment and burden sharing.--The Committee 
continues to be concerned about the scope, duration, and costs 
of UN peacekeeping missions and supports ongoing efforts of the 
Department of State and USUN to bring down costs while 
maintaining United States interests and international security. 
The Committee further supports current efforts to negotiate a 
more equitable financial burden sharing rate of assessment, 
including establishing a ceiling for any one Member State's 
peacekeeping assessment. The Committee recommendation continues 
language directing the Secretary of State to work with the UN 
and members of the UN Security Council to evaluate and 
prioritize peacekeeping missions, and to consider a drawdown 
when mission goals have been substantially achieved. Not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
State is directed to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations describing efforts by the Department of State to 
review UN peacekeeping operations, including prioritization of 
missions and proposals for reducing the costs and scope of 
missions. The report should also include an update on efforts 
to negotiate scales of assessment that would result in other 
countries more appropriately sharing the financial burden.
    New or expanded missions.--The Committee recommendation 
continues language requiring notification at least 15 days in 
advance of voting for any new or expanded mission, including 
the estimated cost and duration of the mission, the objectives 
of the mission, the national interest that will be served, and 
the exit strategy. The Committee notes that the notification 
may be provided less than 15 days in advance of voting for a 
new or expanded mission in the event of an emergency. The 
Committee expects the Secretary of State to ensure the 
appropriate and judicious application of this provision.
    Other requirements.--The Committee recommendation continues 
language stating that funds shall be made available for 
peacekeeping activities unless the Secretary of State 
determines that American manufacturers and suppliers are not 
being provided equal procurement opportunities and language 
prohibiting funds for any peacekeeping mission that will 
involve United States Armed Forces under the command and 
control of a foreign national unless certain requirements have 
been met.
    Oversight and reform.--The Committee continues to support 
independent oversight of the UN to identify waste, fraud, and 
abuse, and supports reforms to ensure that such practices are 
eliminated. The Committee recommendation includes modified 
language in section 7048(a) of this Act withholding a portion 
of funds for the UN until the Secretary of State determines and 
reports that certain transparency and accountability 
requirements have been met.
    Trafficking in persons and sexual exploitation and abuse.--
The Committee remains concerned about cases of UN peacekeepers 
abusing the people they have been sent to protect. The 
Committee notes with great concern the continued sexual 
exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers and supports a zero-
tolerance policy. The Committee recommendation includes 
language carried in prior years prohibiting funds unless the 
Secretary of State certifies and reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations on a peacekeeping mission-by-mission basis that 
the UN is implementing effective policies and procedures to 
prevent UN employees, contractor personnel, and peacekeeping 
troops serving in such mission from trafficking in persons, 
exploiting victims of trafficking, or committing acts of sexual 
exploitation and abuse or other violations of human rights.
    Section 7048(h) of this Act provides that funds 
appropriated by this Act shall be made available to implement 
section 301 of the Department of State Authorities Act, Fiscal 
Year 2017 (P.L. 114-323), which required a United States 
strategy for combating sexual exploitation and abuse in UN 
peacekeeping operations. The Committee notes that section 303 
of Public Law 114-323 states that it is the policy of the 
United States that security assistance should not be provided 
to any unit of the security forces of a foreign country if such 
unit has engaged in a gross violation of human rights or in 
acts of sexual exploitation or abuse, including while serving 
in a UN peacekeeping operation.

                       International Commissions


 INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $77,534,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        71,215,000
Committee recommendation..............................        77,534,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................        +6,319,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$77,534,000 for International Boundary and Water Commission, 
United States and Mexico, including $48,134,000 for Salaries 
and Expenses and $29,400,000 for Construction.
    The Committee recommendation includes not less than the 
request for the Rio Grande Flood Control System Rehabilitation 
Project to continue and maintain levee projects along the Rio 
Grande, including environmental, hydrologic, hydraulic, and low 
water weir studies along the Rio Grande Valley that are 
consistent with the projects outlined within the Mexican Water 
Treaty of 1944, Treaty Series 994. The Committee also supports 
efforts to reduce the amount of sediment and other activities 
to maintain the health of the river.
    The Committee notes the treaty obligations of Mexico to 
supply water deliveries to the Rio Grande and recognizes the 
importance of transparency concerning such matters. The 
Committee directs International Boundary and Water Commission 
(IBWC) to regularly publish water delivery data on its Web 
site, including projections for the balance of water 
deliveries. The Committee expects IBWC to hold quarterly 
meetings with interested stakeholders to inform them of IBWC 
activities and receive feedback.
    The Committee is concerned about the adverse impact on 
communities in the United States from the release of effluent 
from Mexico. The Committee directs the Secretary of State and 
IBWC to work with the Government of Mexico to facilitate a 
resolution to this matter.
    The Committee is also concerned with deficiencies 
identified at IBWC dams on the Rio Grande. The Secretary of 
State, in coordination Commissioner of IBWC, should work with 
the Government of Mexico to develop a joint plan to address 
such deficiencies based on the risk-based classification system 
developed by the Army Corp of Engineers. The Committee notes 
that international agreements between the United States and 
Mexico specify cost-sharing arrangement between the two 
countries for such projects.

              AMERICAN SECTIONS, INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $13,258,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        12,184,000
Committee recommendation..............................        12,732,000
    Change from enacted level.........................          -526,000
    Change from request...............................          +548,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $12,732,000 for 
American Sections, International Commissions, of which 
$8,052,000 is for the International Joint Commission, 
$2,290,000 is for the International Boundary Commission, and 
$2,390,000 is for the Border Environment Cooperation 
Commission.

                  INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $46,356,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        33,906,000
Committee recommendation..............................        46,882,000
    Change from enacted level.........................          +526,000
    Change from request...............................       +12,976,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $46,882,000 for 
International Fisheries Commissions.
    Funds made available under the heading are allocated in the 
following manner and are subject to the requirements of 
sections 7015 and 7070 of this Act:

                   INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Commission/Activity                   Budget  Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Great Lakes Fishery Commission.......................            $33,586
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission..............              1,750
Pacific Salmon Commission............................              3,685
International Pacific Halibut Commission.............              4,395
Other Marine Conservation Organizations..............              3,466
                                                      ------------------
    Total, International Fisheries Commissions.......             46,882
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommendation includes funds necessary to 
fully support the anticipated United States assessments, other 
expenses related to these commissions, and for the 
participation of non-government United States commissioners to 
the various commissions.
    Great Lakes Fishery Commission (GLFC).--The Committee 
recommendation includes $33,586,000 for GLFC, which supports 
GLFC's base operations, sea lamprey control and fishery 
research, and management of invasive carp species. The 
Committee intends that the funds made available for the GLFC be 
used only for meeting the United States obligations under the 
1954 Convention on Great Lakes Fisheries.

                             RELATED AGENCY


                    Broadcasting Board of Governors


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $807,686,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       661,133,000
Committee recommendation..............................       807,686,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +146,553,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $807,686,000 under 
this heading to carry out United States international 
communications activities and operations overseen by the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), of which $797,986,000 is 
for International Broadcasting Operations and $9,700,000 is for 
Broadcasting Capital Improvements.

                 INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS

    The Committee recommendation includes $797,986,000 for 
International Broadcasting Operations. The Committee 
recommendation assumes certain efficiency gains proposed in the 
budget request and redirects such funds towards other programs.
    This account funds the operations, program, and engineering 
costs of Voice of America (VOA), Radio Free Europe/Radio 
Liberty (RFE/RL), Radio Free Asia (RFA), the Middle East 
Broadcasting Networks, and BBG. The recommendation also 
includes funding for broadcasting to Cuba under this account. 
Funds made available under this heading are allocated according 
to the following table and are subject to the requirements of 
sections 7015 and 7070 of this Act:

                  INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Federal Entities                    Budget  Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
International Broadcasting Bureau Operations.........            $61,076
    Internet Freedom.................................           [16,300]
Voice of America.....................................            251,470
Office Cuba Broadcasting.............................             29,144
Technology, Services and Innovation..................            180,243
                                                      ------------------
    Subtotal, Federal Entities.......................            521,933
Independent Grantee Organizations:
    Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty..................            126,542
    Radio Free Asia..................................             43,124
Middle East Broadcasting Networks....................            106,387
                                                      ------------------
    Subtotal, Grantees...............................            276,053
                                                      ------------------
        Total, International Broadcasting Operations.            797,986
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee expects BBG to keep the Committee informed of 
the implementation of reforms, data-driven programing, and 
evidence of the Agency's effectiveness in creating access to 
independent information, countering propaganda and extremist 
rhetoric, and promoting United States public diplomacy.
    The Committee recommendation continues the requirement that 
BBG notify the Committees on Appropriations within 15 days of 
any determination by the Board that any of its broadcast 
entities were found to be in violation of the principles, 
standards, or journalistic code of ethics.
    Countering Internet censorship.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $16,300,000 under International 
Broadcasting Bureau for global internet freedom for the 
expansion of unrestricted access to information on the Internet 
in accordance with section 7064 of this Act. In addition, 
$1,200,000 is included within funds provided for RFA for the 
personnel costs associated with Internet freedom activities, 
bringing the total provided for such programs to $17,500,000 
for fiscal year 2019.
    Section 7064(c) requires the BBG Chief Executive Officer 
(CEO) to submit to the Committees on Appropriations a spend 
plan for funds made available for programs to promote Internet 
freedom globally. Such spend plan shall detail amounts planned 
for the activities detailed in subsection (b)(2) including 
amounts to be programmed by the Open Technology Fund.
    Countering ISIS and violent extremist groups.--The 
Committee recommendation includes funds for continued 
programming to counter the misinformation of ISIS and other 
violent extremist groups in the Middle East, and Central and 
South Asia.
    Countering Russian media.--The Committee strongly supports 
efforts to counter Russia's aggressive disinformation and 
propaganda campaign, particularly through the development of 
effective Russian language programming. The Committee 
recommendation includes funds above the fiscal year 2018 
enacted level for countering Russian influence programming and 
expects BBG to continue an aggressive multi-media effort aimed 
at Russians and Russian speakers, including through the Current 
Time TV programming of RFE/RL and VOA.
    East Asia and Pacific.--The Committee strongly supports the 
Tibetan language services of the VOA and RFA, which the 
Committee understands provide the only sources of independent 
information accessible to the people of Tibet. The Committee 
recommendation provides $43,124,000 for RFA, including funds to 
continue the Tibetan language service. The Committee 
recommendation includes sufficient funds for VOA and RFA to 
continue Korean programming.
    Latin America.--The Committee recommendation provides 
$6,000,000 for the Latin America division of VOA. The Committee 
encourages BBG to focus additional funds on countries such as 
Venezuela, where access to independent media is restricted. Not 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the BBG CEO is 
directed to submit a report on the independent media space in 
countries in Latin America and make recommendations on how to 
increase access to independent media where access to 
information is limited or restricted.
    Office of Cuba Broadcasting (OCB).--The Committee 
recommendation provides not less than $29,144,000 for OCB Radio 
and TV Marti, pursuant to the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act of 
1983, the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act of 1990, and 
section 703(b) of the Department of State Authorities Act, 
Fiscal Year 2017.
    Persian programming.--The Committee supports broadcasting 
to Iranian audiences and provides funds above the fiscal year 
2018 enacted level for expended Persian programming.
    VOA Pakistan.--The Committee urges VOA to consider 
expanding Sindh language broadcasting.

                   BROADCASTING CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS

    The Committee recommendation includes $9,700,000 for 
broadcasting capital improvements.

                            RELATED PROGRAMS


                          The Asia Foundation


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $17,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................        17,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +17,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $17,000,000 for The 
Asia Foundation. The Committee recommendation does not assume 
the closure of The Asia Foundation (TAF), as proposed by the 
fiscal year 2019 request.
    Authorized by The Asia Foundation Act of 1983, TAF operates 
programs throughout Asia. TAF program priorities are developed 
in consultation with the Department of State and focus at the 
country and regional levels on building democratic institutions 
and improving governance, supporting policies and institutions 
required for open markets, increasing opportunities for women's 
participation and empowerment, and encouraging stability and 
cooperative relations among nations in the Asia-Pacific region.
    The Committee supports the efforts of TAF to seek donations 
from private foundations and corporations, competitively-bid 
awards from governmental and multilateral development agencies, 
and fee-based or reimbursable agreements as a means of 
sustaining program activities. The Committee directs TAF to 
include a summary table in the CBJ for fiscal year 2020 
detailing total revenue and support by category for fiscal year 
2018 and projected for fiscal year 2019.

                    United States Institute of Peace


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $37,884,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        20,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................        37,884,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +17,884,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $37,884,000, for the 
United States Institute of Peace (USIP), as authorized.
    The Committee notes that USIP receives funds from 
interagency transfers, reimbursements, and offsetting receipts 
to support USIP programs. The Committee urges USIP to continue 
to seek competitive awards from Federal agencies and to fully 
implement fee-based or reimbursable agreements, where 
appropriate, as a means of sustaining USIP activities and 
programs in a fiscally constrained environment. In addition, 
the Committee directs USIP to include information in the CBJ 
for fiscal year 2020 on the amount of funds received from other 
Federal agencies and the amount of revenue generated from fees 
and reimbursable agreements in fiscal year 2018, and projected 
for fiscal years 2019 and 2020.

         Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................          $140,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................           185,000
Committee recommendation..............................           185,000
    Change from enacted level.........................           +45,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation for fiscal year 
2018 of interest and earnings from the Center for Middle 
Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund, as authorized by section 
633 of Public Law 108-199. Interest and earnings for fiscal 
year 2019 are projected to total $185,000.

                 Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................          $158,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................           190,000
Committee recommendation..............................           190,000
    Change from enacted level.........................           +32,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation for fiscal year 
2018 of interest and earnings from the Eisenhower Exchange 
Fellowship Program Trust Fund, as authorized by sections 4 and 
5 of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990. Interest 
and earnings for fiscal year 2019 are projected to total 
$190,000.

                    Israeli Arab Scholarship Program


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................           $65,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................            68,000
Committee recommendation..............................            68,000
    Change from enacted level.........................            +3,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation for fiscal year 
2018 of interest and earnings from the Israeli Arab Scholarship 
Endowment Fund, as authorized by section 214 of the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993. 
Interest and earnings for fiscal year 2019 are projected to 
total $68,000.

                            East-West Center


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $16,700,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................       -16,700,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an 
appropriation for the East-West Center.

                    National Endowment for Democracy


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $170,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        67,275,000
Committee recommendation..............................       170,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +102,725,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $170,000,000 for 
National Endowment for Democracy.
    Of the total amount provided, the Committee directs that 
$117,500,000 shall be allocated in the traditional and 
customary manner, including for the core institutes.
    The remaining $52,500,000 shall be for democracy, human 
rights, and rule of law programs; as well as for the next phase 
of the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) mid- to long-term 
strategic approach and response to immediate and unanticipated 
challenges or opportunities, regarding which the President of 
the NED shall consult with the core institutes on the use of 
such funds, and the core institutes shall be eligible to 
receive funds for such purposes.
    The Committee remains concerned that new, more 
sophisticated, and transnational threats to democracy abroad 
have emerged in recent years. The NED, with its four core 
institutes, its global grants programs and activities, and its 
extensive experience, is uniquely positioned to lead a 
strategic response to such threats. The Committee commends the 
NED for building on its unparalleled experience and work in the 
most difficult political environments to develop a 
transnational approach to defending democratic norms, values, 
and institutions to address many key strategic challenges. The 
Department of State and USAID should recognize the ability of 
the NED to address these challenges.
    The Committee continues to support democracy and human 
rights programs for Tibet and directs that not less than the 
amounts provided in fiscal year 2018 be continued for such 
purposes.
    The Committee recommendation exempts funds made available 
under National Endowment for Democracy from the requirements of 
section 7070(a). In lieu thereof, the President of the NED is 
directed to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, on the proposed uses of the funds provided under this 
heading on a regional and country basis. The report should 
include a description of programmatic goals for each region and 
country and how the planned use of funds will meet such goals. 
The Committee directs the NED to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations in advance of any significant deviation from the 
plans outlined in such report.
    The funds made available under this heading should continue 
to be provided directly to the NED, and therefore shall not be 
subject to prior approval by the Department of State or USAID 
or to administrative or management surcharges, and minimal 
expenses, if any, should be charged to general Department of 
State operating expenses. Further, the NED should not be 
precluded from competitively bidding on other grant 
solicitations.

                           OTHER COMMISSIONS


      Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................          $675,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................           675,000
Committee recommendation..............................           675,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $675,000 for 
Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 
as authorized.

      United States Commission on International Religious Freedom


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................        $4,500,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................         4,500,000
Committee recommendation..............................         4,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $4,500,000 for the 
United States Commission on International Religious Freedom, as 
authorized by title II of the IRFA of 1998. Funds provided may 
remain available for obligation until September 30, 2020, 
provided that the Commission is authorized beyond September 30, 
2019.
    The Commission conducts independent reviews, reports on 
facts and circumstances of violations of religious freedom 
abroad, and recommends options for United States policies with 
respect to foreign countries engaging in or tolerating 
violations of religious freedom.

            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................        $2,579,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................         2,579,000
Committee recommendation..............................         2,579,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $2,579,000 for 
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, as authorized 
by Public Law 94-304.
    The Commission was established in 1976 to monitor the acts 
of the signatories that reflect compliance with or violation of 
the articles of the Final Act of the Conference on Security and 
Cooperation in Europe, with particular regard to provisions 
relating to human rights and cooperation in humanitarian 
fields.

  Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................        $2,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................         2,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................         2,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $2,000,000 for the 
Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of 
China.
    Established by the China Relations Act of 2000, the 
Commission's mission is to monitor compliance of the Government 
of the People's Republic of China (PRC) with international 
human rights standards and to track the development of the rule 
of law in the PRC. The Commission reports annually on these 
issues to the President and the Congressional leadership, 
making recommendations for policy action and legislation, when 
appropriate.

      United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................        $3,500,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................         3,500,000
Committee recommendation..............................         3,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $3,500,000 for United 
States-China Economic and Security Review Commission.
    The Committee recommendation continues by reference the 
authorities, conditions, and limitations carried under this 
heading in division F of Public Law 111-117 that provide an 
administrative framework for the operations of the Commission.
    Established by the National Defense Authorization Act, 
2001, the mission of the Commission is to monitor, investigate, 
and assess the ``national security implications of the 
bilateral trade and economic relationship'' between the United 
States and the PRC. The Commission reports annually on these 
issues to Congress, making recommendations for policy action 
and legislation when appropriate.

               Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................               $ 0
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................         1,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        +1,500,000
    Change from request...............................        +1,500,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,500,000 for the 
Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission, as authorized by 
Title VI of the Department of State Authorities Act, Fiscal 
Year 2017 (P.L. 114-323). The recommendation provides an 
additional year of availability of funds in order to cover the 
costs of salaries and expenses through sunset of the 
Commission. The report required by section 601(c) of such Act 
shall also be submitted to the Committees on Appropriations.

      TITLE II--UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                           OPERATING EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................    $1,189,609,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     1,114,920,000
Committee recommendation\1\...........................     1,189,609,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +74,689,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level, and the Committee
  recommendation include funds under this heading in title VIII
  designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget
  and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,189,609,000 for 
Operating Expenses. Additional funds are provided under title 
VIII.
    Funds under this heading are provided for salaries and 
expenses of employees of USAID, personal service contractors, 
and employees hired by other Federal agencies but assigned to 
USAID.
    As in prior years, the Committee directs the USAID 
Administrator to provide a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 60 days after enactment of this 
Act, that details the number of people employed by USAID, the 
category of employment (direct hire, personal service 
contractor, Participating Agency Service Agreement, and similar 
categories), the veteran status of direct hires employed by 
USAID, the office or overseas post to which they are assigned 
or detailed, the appropriation account used to fund the 
employees, specific legislative authority needed to hire the 
employees, and, if hired by another Federal agency, the 
additional administrative expenses charged by that agency. 
Additionally, the USAID Administrator shall include the 
staffing levels and position titles for all Washington-based 
and overseas employees by bureau, office, or other unit. The 
Committee directs that this employment report reflect data as 
of the end of fiscal year 2018.
    The Committee notes that USAID must submit an operating 
plan to the Committees on Appropriations as required in section 
7070(a) of this Act.
    Workforce diversity initiatives.--Funds appropriated under 
this heading shall continue to be made available to support 
workforce diversity initiatives, at levels commensurate with 
prior years, including for fellowships to promote diversity and 
excellence in the Foreign Service, such as the Donald M. Payne 
International Development Graduate Fellowship Program.
    Procurement.--The Committee directs the USAID Administrator 
to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on any 
proposed significant or substantive change to USAID guidance or 
directives related to acquisition and assistance prior to 
issuing such guidance or directives to USAID posts worldwide.
    The Committee directs USAID to ensure that technical 
officers comply with statutory and regulatory requirements in 
selecting the appropriate instrument type when administering 
all contracts and awards. USAID shall consult with the 
Committee on the guidelines used when selecting the appropriate 
mechanism. The Committee further directs USAID to use this 
extraordinary authority judiciously.
    As in prior years, USAID is directed to notify the 
Committees on Appropriations 15 days prior to any procurement 
action that involves awarding of a sole source contract or 
other non-competitive grant or contract; raising the ceiling on 
an existing Indefinite Quantity Contract (IQC); issuing a new 
IQC; awarding an umbrella grant; or raising the ceiling on an 
existing umbrella grant. The Committee expects the thresholds 
for notification to be the same as in fiscal year 2012.
    The Committee remains concerned about USAID limiting 
competition for certain contracts and grants. The Committee 
directs the USAID Administrator to report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 30 days after enactment of this 
Act, on any procurement actions for which competition was 
limited, and the justification for each such action taken, 
during fiscal year 2018.
    The Committee continues to be concerned about the 
difficulty with which United States companies, including small, 
minority-owned, and disadvantaged business enterprises; 
universities; and non-governmental organizations have in 
navigating the acquisitions and assistance process at USAID. 
The Committee expects that, to the maximum extent practicable, 
the USAID Administrator shall ensure that United States small, 
minority-owned, veteran, and disadvantaged business enterprises 
and faith-based organizations fully participate in the 
provision of goods and services especially if they have a 
proven record of promoting local self-reliance and democratic 
governance.
    The Committee recommends that USAID increase the use of 
United States professional engineers and architects in the 
design, build, and oversight of construction projects funded by 
this Act.
    Science and technology research.--The Committee notes USAID 
issued a Public Access Plan on increasing access to the results 
of federally funded scientific research and urges continued 
implementation of such plan.
    Skilled volunteers.--The USAID Administrator shall form a 
task force to, among other things, recommend ways to advance 
USAID's mission and programs through the use of skilled 
volunteers, to promote USAID Missions' awareness of such 
volunteers, and to facilitate the procurement process and best 
practices for skilled volunteer activities. Not later than one 
year after enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall 
report to the Committees on Appropriations on the number of 
volunteers mobilized in fiscal years 2018 and 2019 and the 
disposition of task force recommendations.

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $197,100,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       190,900,000
Committee recommendation..............................       200,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        +2,900,000
    Change from request...............................        +9,100,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $200,000,000 for 
Capital Investment Fund to, among other things, support the 
objectives of the Foreign Aid Transparency and Accountability 
Act, and notes that USAID must submit an operating plan to the 
Committees on Appropriations as required in section 7070(a) of 
this Act.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................       $72,800,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        71,500,000
Committee recommendation..............................        76,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        +3,200,000
    Change from request...............................        +4,500,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level includes funds under
  this heading in title VIII designated pursuant to section
  251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control
  Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $76,000,000 for 
Office of Inspector General and directs the Office of Inspector 
General (OIG) to submit its annual audit plan within the first 
quarter of fiscal year 2019.
    Not later than 60 days after enactment of this Act, the OIG 
shall submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations on 
USAID's use of public-private partnerships for achieving 
development goals, metrics for evaluating their performance, 
and their advantages and disadvantages.
    The Committee directs the OIG to submit a report not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act on the policies, 
procedures, and processes that the Overseas Private Investment 
Corporation used to ensure compliance with the funding 
conditions and reporting requirements in Public Law 115-141 
during fiscal year 2018. The OIG shall consult with the 
Committees on Appropriation on the scope of the report.

                TITLE III--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                         GLOBAL HEALTH PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................    $8,690,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     6,702,601,000
Committee recommendation..............................     8,690,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................    +1,987,399,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $8,690,000,000 for 
Global Health Programs.

USAID Global Health Programs

    The Committee recommendation includes $3,092,550,000 for 
USAID global health programs, of which $3,020,000,000 is new 
budget authority to be directly apportioned to USAID and 
$72,550,000 is derived from repurposed funds. The Committee 
includes language similar to the request to permit the use of 
unobligated balances of funds appropriated under title IX of 
Division J of Public Law 113-235 for global health security and 
provides an additional amount for the Emergency Reserve Fund.
    The Committee recommendation includes budgetary resources 
of $845,000,000 for maternal and child health; $145,000,000 for 
nutrition programs under this heading; $23,000,000 for programs 
benefiting vulnerable children; $302,000,000 to combat 
tuberculosis; $172,550,000 for global health security and 
emerging health threats; and $755,000,000 to prevent and treat 
malaria.
    Global health security and emerging health threats.--The 
Committee recommendation includes $172,550,000 to promote 
global health security and to address emerging health threats 
overseas. Not later than 30 days after enactment of this Act, 
and prior to the initial obligation of funds, the Committee 
directs the USAID Administrator to submit to the Committees on 
Appropriations a report on the proposed uses of such funds on a 
country and project basis. The Committee directs that such 
report shall be updated and submitted to the Committees on 
Appropriations every 60 days until funds are obligated.
    In addition, the Committee recommendation includes 
$25,000,000 for the Emergency Reserve Fund established pursuant 
to section 7058(c)(1) of the Department of State, Foreign 
Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2017 
(Division J of P.L. 115-31) to enable the United States and the 
international public health community to respond rapidly to 
emerging health threats. Funds in the Emergency Reserve Fund 
are available until expended, but may only be made available 
if, prior to obligation, the USAID Administrator determines and 
reports to the appropriate congressional committees that it is 
in the national interest to respond to an emerging health 
threat that poses severe threats to human health.
    Malaria.--The Committee reaffirms its support for the 
Coordinator of United States Government Activities to Combat 
Malaria Globally as established in Public Law 110-293, 
including oversight of relevant programs across government 
agencies. Within the funds made available for malaria, the 
Committee encourages USAID's continued support for public-
private partnerships, research and development, diagnostics and 
vector control, and access and delivery of anti-malarial 
medicine, including effective pediatric formulations and 
alternatives to counter resistance.
    Maternal and child health.--The health of a mother is 
directly related to the health of her children, and the 
Committee continues its commitment to maintain an emphasis on 
expanding access to programs that have proven effective in 
reducing maternal and child mortality. From funds provided 
under this heading, the Committee directs USAID to support, at 
not less than the prior year level, programs to prevent and 
treat obstetric fistula, and for maternal and neonatal tetanus, 
and report to the Committee on levels provided for such 
purposes. The Committee also encourages USAID to continue 
supporting cleft lip/palate treatment. The Committee looks 
forward to USAID's annual report on progress towards ending 
preventable child and maternal deaths.
    The Committee encourages the USAID Administrator, in 
consultation with the United States Office of the Global AIDS 
Coordinator (OGAC) and the Director of the Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention (CDC), to increase access to quality 
health care through frontline health workers, particularly at 
the community level, as part of their strategy to prevent child 
and maternal deaths and ensure global health security.
    The Committee directs the USAID Administrator to consult 
with the Committees on Appropriations on implementation of the 
Award Cost Efficiency Study Blue Ribbon Panel recommendations 
for USAID maternal and child health investments.
    Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs).--The Committee notes 
the success of USAID in combating NTDs and supports the 
continuation of these life-saving programs.
    Nutrition.--The Committee directs that not less than 
$145,000,000 be provided for nutrition programs under this 
heading, including continued funding for Vitamin A and iodine 
deficiency disorder programs. The Committee supports effective 
nutrition interventions, including to reduce stunting and 
wasting, increase breastfeeding and nutrition supplementation 
for pregnant women, promote early childhood development, and 
treat severe malnutrition.
    Other health matters.--The Committee requests that USAID 
consult with the Committees on Appropriations on the estimated 
need and cost-effectiveness of supporting programs that focus 
on the following health issues: children with hydrocephalus; 
children with autism; programs for children with disabling burn 
injuries; non-communicable diseases; neurological disorders, 
including Alzheimer's disease and dementia; and surgical care 
systems strengthening.
    Polio.--The Committee provides $59,000,000 for programs to 
combat and eradicate polio, of which not less than $51,500,000 
is provided under this heading. The Committee notes that global 
polio eradication programs are also funded by the CDC.
    Reproductive health and voluntary family planning.--Section 
7058 of this Act includes a limitation of not more than 
$461,000,000 for reproductive health and voluntary family 
planning programs in this Act. This provision also addresses 
funds provided under Economic Support Fund for such programs.
    The Committee recommendation continues prior year language 
that does the following: (1) requires that none of the funds 
appropriated in this Act, or any unobligated balances, may be 
made available to any organization or program, which as 
determined by the President, supports or participates in the 
management of a program of coercive abortion or involuntary 
sterilization; (2) states that funds cannot be used to pay for 
the performance of abortions as a method of family planning or 
to motivate or coerce any person to practice abortion; (3) 
specifies that population funds shall be available only to 
voluntary family planning projects that offer, either directly 
or through referral, information about access to a broad range 
of family planning methods and services; (4) requires that in 
awarding grants for natural family planning under section 104 
of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, no applicant shall be 
discriminated against because of such applicant's religious or 
conscientious commitment to offer only natural family planning; 
and (5) requires the provision of accurate information related 
to condoms.
    The Committee includes language in section 7056 of this Act 
prohibiting funds for any foreign nongovernmental organization 
that promotes or performs abortion, except in cases of rape or 
incest or when the life of the mother would be endangered if 
the fetus were carried to term.
    The Committee urges USAID to promote the awareness and use 
of Internet-based technology that supports fertility-awareness 
methods of family planning that are proven effective.
    Research.--The Committee recognizes the important role 
USAID has played in health-related research and supports 
continued investments in global health technologies across the 
agency's health programs to better address longstanding and 
emerging global health challenges. To further this effort, the 
Committee directs the Department of State and USAID to 
coordinate and undertake a consultative process with the 
Department of Defense, the CDC, the National Institutes of 
Health (NIH), the Food and Drug Administration, and OGAC as 
agencies develop their global health research priorities to 
ensure that United States investments in global health research 
are efficient, coordinated, and streamlined. The Committee 
further directs the USAID Administrator to continue the annual 
report on health-related research which is important for 
transparency and oversight of the agency's work on global 
health research. For fiscal year 2019, the report should also 
include information on the consultative process to determine 
global health research priorities as directed under this 
heading.
    Tuberculosis.--The Committee includes $302,000,000 for 
programs to combat drug-susceptible and drug-resistant 
tuberculosis. The USAID Administrator is directed to consult 
with the Committees on Appropriations regarding the use of 
funds in this Act for such purposes.
    The Committee expects progress reports issued on the 
National Action Plan for Combating Multidrug-Resistant 
Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) to include, on a country-by-country 
basis, a description of: efforts to increase active case 
finding; the number of adults and children receiving treatment 
for MDR-TB; the proportion of those treated with regimens that 
include new tuberculosis drugs; efforts to address side-effects 
of treatment; factors impeding scale up; and progress in 
expanding community-based care.
    The Committee notes that political will within target 
countries has been identified as an impediment to further 
progress on MDR-TB and expects USAID, in coordination with the 
Department of State, to expand efforts to encourage countries 
most impacted to make meaningful commitments on MDR-TB, 
including increasing their own domestic resources to combat the 
disease.
    Vaccines.--The Committee recommends a United States 
contribution of $290,000,000 for Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in 
recognition that vaccines are key to decreasing the number of 
children who die before age five.
    The Committee notes USAID's investments in malaria and HIV/
AIDS vaccine development and supports continued efforts to 
create effective vaccines for malaria and HIV/AIDS as part of a 
comprehensive prevention, diagnostic, and treatment strategy. 
The Committee directs the USAID Administrator to consult with 
the Committees on Appropriations on amounts proposed for such 
efforts for fiscal year 2019. The Committee further notes 
ongoing vaccine development efforts to prevent and respond to 
future outbreaks from deadly viruses, and encourages the USAID 
Administrator to consider supporting such efforts within global 
health security and emerging health threats.
    Vulnerable children.--The Committee directs that not less 
than $23,000,000 be provided to support programs and activities 
that address the needs of vulnerable children, including 
childhood blindness programs.
    The Committee commends USAID for initiating the process to 
update the Unites States Government Action Plan on Children in 
Adversity (APCA), and supports USAID's objectives of building 
strong beginnings, putting family care first, and protecting 
children from violence, abuse, and neglect. The Committee 
expects USAID to plan and budget for activities that enable 
children to remain in or return to the care of their families, 
or when appropriate, other close family members, and decrease 
the percentage of children living in institutions. In carrying 
out these programs, USAID should partner with organizations 
that demonstrate an expertise promoting permanent family-based 
care, foster care programs in and outside of family networks, 
and preventing unnecessary family separation.
    The Committee directs the USAID Administrator to regularly 
update the Committee on APCA implementation.

HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment

    The Committee recommendation includes $6,000,000,000 to 
fight HIV/AIDS, which is the same amount as the fiscal year 
2018 enacted level. Of this amount, the Committee 
recommendation includes $5,670,000,000 to be directly 
apportioned to the Department of State. The Committee 
recommends continued support for a United States contribution 
to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).
    The Committee recognizes the significant achievements of 
PEPFAR through the support of anti-retroviral treatment, 
testing, counseling, and other prevention measures, including 
for key populations. The Committee recommends prioritizing 
pregnant women within programs to prevent and treat HIV and 
expects OGAC to continue efforts to provide HIV positive 
pregnant women services to prevent mother-to-child 
transmission, including targeted testing strategies and 
adherence support through breastfeeding. Additionally, the 
Committee recommends that OGAC build upon the success of the 
Accelerating Children's Treatment Initiative, particularly for 
infants and young children at the highest risk of dying without 
treatment. OGAC should focus on capacity for HIV diagnostics, 
including early infant diagnosis and the use of point-of-care 
diagnostics; anti-retroviral treatment with age-appropriate 
pediatric formulations; and improving case-finding and 
adherence support.
    For PEPFAR, sustainability means that a country has 
services, systems, and resources to effectively and efficiently 
control the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The Committee directs PEPFAR to 
include in its annual report a country-by-country assessment of 
sustainability and the country specific obstacles to 
sustainability.
    The Committee supports OGAC's engagement with post-
secondary institutions as authorized in section 204(c) of 
Public Law 110-293.
    Microbicides.--The Committee recommends continued support 
for microbicide development and directs OGAC to coordinate with 
USAID, NIH, other Federal agencies, and donors in order to 
advance microbicide development and implementation. The 
Committee directs OGAC to update the Committees on 
Appropriations on a regular basis on the progress made in 
achieving an effective microbicide and plans for the use of 
funds in fiscal year 2019.
    Public-private partnerships.--The Committee recognizes the 
important work by OGAC and USAID in partnering with the private 
sector and other institutional donors to leverage public and 
private investments in global health. These efforts are 
instrumental in combating a number of health issues unique to 
the survival of women and mothers in sub-Saharan Africa, 
including screening for disease, education and awareness 
campaigns, and other critical improvements to the overall 
health systems and services in some of the most underserved 
areas.
    The Committee understands OGAC and USAID are considering 
entering into such partnerships to prevent the spread of human 
papillomavirus and cervical cancer through screening and 
treatment programs in low-income countries with high 
prevalence. The Committee directs OGAC and USAID to consult 
with the Committees on Appropriations on plans for and progress 
of such partnerships.
    The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria 
(Global Fund).--The Committee is supportive of the Global Fund 
and its performance-based, results-oriented multilateral 
funding mechanism to combat HIV/AIDS and other infectious 
diseases. The Committee recommends $1,350,000,000 to meet such 
commitment.
    Oversight of the Global Fund remains a top priority, as 
well as continued support for an independent Office of the 
Inspector General. Therefore, the Committee recommendation 
continues language withholding 10 percent of funds provided to 
the Global Fund until the Secretary of State certifies to the 
Committees on Appropriations that the Secretariat and Board of 
the Global Fund have not adopted policies that would make the 
work of the OIG less transparent or less comprehensive.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to provide to 
the Committees on Appropriations an update to the report 
required in House Report 113-185 on Global Fund issues related 
to financial systems, taxation, the United Nations Development 
Programme, and Secretariat budget transparency.
    Vulnerable children.--The Committee encourages OGAC to 
continue to align existing programs for vulnerable children 
with the goals and objectives of APCA and ensure that orphans 
and vulnerable children remain a priority within PEPFAR country 
programs. The Committee supports the continued integration of 
APCA's first objective into PEPFAR Mother-to-Child Transmission 
Programs; continued programming that focuses on strengthening 
families and preventing family separation, as well as 
identifying children outside of parental care for placement 
into permanent families; and continued support for efforts to 
meet the needs of children living outside of family care.

                         DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................    $3,000,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request\1\...........................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................     3,000,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................    +3,000,000,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2019 request proposes to consolidate funds under this
  heading and Economic Support Fund.

    The Committee recommendation includes $3,000,000,000 for 
Development Assistance.

Agriculture

    The Committee recommendation includes not less than 
$1,000,600,000 for food security and agriculture development as 
authorized by the Global Food Security Act of 2016 (P.L. 114-
195). The Committee appreciates the whole-of-government 
approach presented in the Global Food Security Strategy and 
directs the USAID Administrator to consult with the Committees 
on Appropriations on such strategy, including the benchmarks 
and performance metrics. The Committee recognizes the 
importance of biofortification as a part of the global food 
security strategy and urges continued support for such efforts.
    The Committee supports Feed the Future's comprehensive 
approach to combating global food insecurity and poverty by 
investing in agriculture development in a select group of 
developing countries and intends that programs are prioritized 
for small-holder farmers, particularly for women, and other 
vulnerable populations. The Committee supports the Global Food 
Security Strategy's recognition of agricultural research and 
academic institutions, including land-grant universities and 
extension services, as key stakeholders in food security and 
agricultural development. The Committee encourages USAID to 
support extension activities in the implementation of the 
strategy and establish linkages with other initiatives and 
USAID priorities to leverage resources and expertise through 
partnerships with a variety of institutions. The Committee 
expects the USAID Administrator to ensure that country 
coordinators for agriculture development in target countries 
have the necessary technical expertise to oversee all food 
security programming in such countries. The Committee intends 
that funds provided to countries for food security and 
agricultural development should be made available at levels not 
less than the prior fiscal year, particularly for countries 
with high levels of food insecurity.
    The Committee provides $15,000,000 for a contribution as 
authorized by section 3202 of Public Law 110-246, as amended by 
section 3206 of Public Law 113-79.
    Feed the Future Innovation Labs.--The Committee 
recommendation includes not less than $60,000,000 for the Feed 
the Future Innovation Labs, and commends USAID for its 
increased engagement with United States universities to 
capitalize on the unparalleled research capacities of United 
States institutions of higher education to solve the world's 
most challenging agricultural development and food security 
problems. The Committee directs that the request level for the 
Feed the Future Innovation Labs be designated in the CBJ for 
fiscal year 2020.
    Market-based social enterprises.--The Committee supports 
the work of market-based social enterprises, and encourages 
USAID to continue partnering with organizations that engage 
with small-holder farmers or other beneficiaries in cost-
sharing programs to reduce the cost of program administration.
    Spend plan.--Pursuant to section 7070(b) of this Act, the 
USAID Administrator is required to submit a spend plan on food 
security and agriculture development and the Committee directs 
that such plan shall detail the proposed use of funds by 
account, office, and country prior to funds being obligated. 
The spend plan shall also include information detailing the 
level of resources recipient countries are investing in their 
own food security and agriculture development plans.

Economic Growth

    Microenterprise and microfinance.--The Committee 
recommendation includes not less than $265,000,000 in this Act 
for microenterprise and microfinance development programs. The 
Committee notes that USAID is required to target half of all 
microfinance and microenterprise funds to the very poor, 
defined as those living on less than $1.25 a day, pursuant to 
section 251(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. The 
Committee directs the USAID Administrator to prioritize 
investments in microenterprise and microfinance in sub-Saharan 
Africa to reach the poorest and most marginalized and to 
consult with the Committees on Appropriations on efforts to 
focus existing resources for this purpose. The Committee 
encourages investment in a variety of financial services that 
allow the poor to save, borrow, and access insurance, 
remittances, and other key services. The Committee supports 
microenterprise and microfinance programs to promote economic 
development in communities throughout the developing world and 
encourages USAID to continue such programs in Mexico and 
Central America.
    The Committee supports funding consistent with prior years 
to support the programs and activities of the Office of Private 
Capital and Microenterprise.
    Trade capacity building.--The Committee continues to 
support capacity building activities related to countries with 
free trade agreements to ensure that United States workers and 
businesses can compete on a level playing field.

Education

    American Schools and Hospitals Abroad (ASHA).--The 
Committee recommendation includes not less than $30,000,000 for 
the ASHA program, which is a $2,000,000 increase above the 
fiscal year 2018 enacted level. The Committee continues to 
recognize the important contributions made to United States 
foreign policy interests by institutions funded by this 
program, including fostering a positive image of the United 
States around the world. The Committee notes the distinct 
mandate of ASHA from other USAID development programs, 
including the focus on public diplomacy and fostering American 
values, ideas, and practices. The Committee also notes that 
many of the successful ASHA programs operate in countries that 
are largely absent of other USAID programs. USAID should 
consider the strategic impact that ASHA programs can have in 
particular countries and regions in fostering a stronger 
commitment to fundamental American values. The Committee 
expects ASHA funds to continue to be allocated through an open 
and competitive process. The Committee expects USAID to 
allocate funds to administer the ASHA program from funds 
provided for Operating Expenses on a proportionate basis with 
other agency programs.
    Section 7060(c) of this Act includes a new requirement for 
USAID to notify the Committees on Appropriations prior to 
making changes to the annual solicitation for ASHA. USAID shall 
consult with the Committees on Appropriations not less than 15 
days prior to issuing the annual solicitation for ASHA. In 
addition, the Committee directs USAID to restore past 
performance to the review criteria in the annual solicitation.
    Basic education.--The Committee believes basic education 
should be a key component of the United States Government 
strategy in developing countries. The Committee recommendation 
includes not less than $800,000,000 for basic education 
programs in this Act, which is the same as the fiscal year 2018 
level. The Committee supports increased United States 
participation in the Global Partnership for Education and 
includes not less than $90,000,000 for a contribution.
    The Committee supports funding for Education Cannot Wait to 
support basic education programs for children affected by 
conflict, natural disasters, and displacement.
    The Committee encourages USAID to continue to strengthen 
early learning and pre-primary education programming. The USAID 
Administrator should explore opportunities to promote early 
child development through ongoing activities and programs, 
including screening for early development delays and training 
for caregivers about behaviors that promote brain development. 
Not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the USAID 
Administrator is directed to submit an updated report to the 
Committees on Appropriations on the criteria used to determine 
where pre-primary education programs are funded. The report 
shall also include a list of countries and funding levels for 
all current pre-primary education programs.
    The Committee believes that schools can be centers of 
learning and development for an entire community and expects 
programs in other sectors to be integrated with schools and 
educational programs as much as possible. USAID should 
prioritize technical assistance for local governments to foster 
communities of learning and encourage recipient countries and 
other donors to pursue comprehensive development efforts to 
support these programs. The Committee recommends USAID provide 
technical assistance to local partners in order to implement 
and scale leadership development programs to facilitate and 
sustain educational opportunities.
    USAID is directed to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on this initiative on a regular basis, as well 
as stakeholders, during continued implementation of the basic 
education strategy to sustain progress in literacy and basic 
education programs. Such consultations should include how the 
strategy will impact all age groups. The Committee encourages 
USAID to place an emphasis on basic education programs in the 
Western Hemisphere. The Committee recommends USAID consider 
school-based eye health programs to help ensure access to 
eyeglasses for children.
    The Committee notes that violence against children can be 
pervasive even in settings where children are expected to be 
safe and protected, such as homes and schools, and the negative 
impact such violence has on education outcomes. The Committee 
therefore encourages that basic education programs support the 
objectives and outcomes outlined in the APCA.
    The Committee is encouraged by the progress in reducing the 
funding pipeline of basic education assistance. In carrying out 
the reporting directive in section 7060(a) of this Act, the 
USAID Administrator shall consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on new efforts and significant progress made to 
reduce the funding pipeline.
    Higher education.--The Committee recommendation includes 
not less than $235,000,000 for assistance for higher education, 
which is the same as the fiscal year 2018 level. The 
recommendation includes $10,000,000 for partnerships between 
higher education institutions in the United States and Malawi. 
The Committee notes the important role United States 
universities have played in advancing recent innovations in e-
learning and directs USAID to include a focus within 
partnerships in Malawi to increase access to higher education 
through the use of this technology.
    In addition, the Committee recommendation includes not less 
than $35,000,000 for programs to build institutional capacity 
of universities and colleges in developing nations through 
partnerships with United States universities, of which not less 
than $15,000,000 is for new partnerships. The Committee directs 
USAID to initiate new competitive grants for partnerships of a 
sufficient length and size to make a transformational impact on 
colleges and universities in developing nations.
    The Committee supports the work of the USAID Global 
Development Lab to accelerate the creation, testing, and 
scaling of high-impact approaches to development and directs 
that funds consistent with prior years be made available to 
continue the Higher Education Solutions Network.
    The Committee supports funds for higher education programs 
in the Western Hemisphere. The Committee notes that reaching 
underserved populations in Latin America and the Caribbean with 
educational programs of sufficient duration to provide 
leadership, language skills, and career training is important 
for countries' economic and social development. Therefore, the 
Committee urges USAID to prioritize educational opportunities 
at post-secondary institutions for underserved populations in 
the region.
    The Committee includes further direction on funds made 
available under this heading for Vietnam in section 7043 of 
this report and expects the USAID Administrator to consult with 
the Committees on Appropriations on the use of funds for higher 
education programs in the country.
    The Committee expects funds provided for higher education 
to be made available through open and competitive processes.

Global Programs

    The Committee includes language on conservation and 
programs to combat trafficking in persons under section 7060 of 
this report.
    Burn prevention.--The Committee supports burn prevention 
efforts through the distribution of fire-safe cookstoves and 
directs that USAID consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on the estimated need and cost effectiveness of 
programs that focus on essential treatment for children with 
disabling burn injuries. The Committee further directs that 
USAID integrate burn prevention and treatment into existing 
programs, as appropriate.
    Child marriage.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$11,000,000 for programs that reduce the incidence of child 
marriage and to meet the needs of married girls.
    Cooperative Development Program.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $12,000,000 for USAID's Cooperative 
Development Program. The Committee directs the USAID 
Administrator to consult with the Committees on Appropriations 
on cooperative development programs for financial systems 
including how USAID is complying with the requirements of 22 
U.S.C. 2151i(2) regarding technical assistance for low income 
people to have access to credit for their own economic 
advancement.
    Domestic resource mobilization.--The Committee continues to 
support the efforts of USAID and the Office of Technical 
Assistance (OTA) of the Department of the Treasury to help 
countries better mobilize their own financial resources. 
Domestic resource mobilization offers the opportunity to create 
tools and capacity in partner countries to increase the 
accountability of governments to their people and significantly 
raise new resources to invest in and achieve their health, 
education, and other development goals. Not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act, the USAID Administrator, in 
consultation with the OTA and the Millennium Challenge 
Corporation, shall provide to the appropriate congressional 
committees a domestic resource mobilization strategy that 
establishes goals and objectives, monitoring, performance 
metrics, and funding sources by country. The USAID 
Administrator shall consult with the appropriate congressional 
committees prior to the submission of such strategy.
    Long Term Assistance and Services for Research.--The 
Committee supports USAID's efforts to establish an 
international network of higher education institutions, civil 
society, policy-makers and the private sector to solve 
development issues through collaborative research.
    New Partners.--The Committee supports USAID establishing 
additional grant opportunities for new partners, particularly 
small and mid-size community and faith-based organizations 
which have received less than $25,000,000 of cumulative federal 
direct grant funding over the last five years. These new 
partnerships are intended to assist in the development of local 
capacity so that countries can address their own development 
issues and decrease dependence on foreign organizations and 
technical assistance. Not later than 45 days after enactment of 
this Act, the USAID Administrator shall submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations with recommendations for such 
opportunities.
    Mobility.--The Committee directs the USAID Administrator to 
submit a report, not later than 180 days after enactment of 
this Act to the Committees on Appropriations, on efforts taken 
to increase mobility in developing countries, including through 
the use of bicycles, to achieve key development objectives, and 
options for increasing such efforts.
    Ocean Freight Reimbursement Program.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $1,500,000 for USAID's Ocean Freight 
Reimbursement Program to continue support for Private Voluntary 
Organizations through a competitive grant program pursuant to 
section 123(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. The USAID 
Administrator is directed to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on the administration of the program for fiscal 
year 2019.
    Development innovation.--The Committee supports funding at 
not less than the prior year for Development Innovation 
Ventures.
    Reconciliation programs.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $30,000,000 under this heading and Economic Support 
Fund to support people-to-people reconciliation programs that 
bring together individuals of different ethnic, religious, and 
political backgrounds from areas of civil strife and war, of 
which $12,000,000 shall be for reconciliation activities 
between Israelis and Palestinians. Funds shall be awarded 
through a competitive grant process. The Committee expects the 
Department of State and USAID to ensure that funds provided for 
reconciliation programs in the Middle East include a rigorous 
vetting and evaluation process and are consistent with United 
States foreign policy objectives in the region.
    Strategy to strengthen families.--The Committee directs 
USAID, in consultation with the Department of State, and 
relevant stakeholders, to develop a strategy to protect and 
strengthen families globally, including metrics to assess 
social cohesion, in order to achieve development outcomes.
    Victims of torture.--The Committee supports continued 
funding for the USAID victims of torture programs.
    Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH).--The Committee 
recommendation includes not less than $400,000,000 in this Act 
for long-term, sustainable water supply, sanitation, and 
hygiene projects pursuant to Public Law 109-121, as amended by 
Public Law 113-289. The Committee directs that not less than 
$155,000,000 of such funds shall be made available for programs 
and activities in sub-Saharan Africa, which should be 
prioritized for the poorest communities and countries in 
accordance with Public Law 113-289. The Committee expects these 
programs to include robust monitoring and evaluation and 
directs USAID to consult with the Committees on Appropriations 
on these efforts.
    Access to adequate water, sanitation, and hygiene is a 
critical component of disease prevention, and the Committee 
supports greater integration of WASH services with nutrition 
and health programs, which reinforces priority actions 
identified in the USAID Water and Development Strategy and 
Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy. The Committee notes that a 
lack of access to toilets, adequate sanitation, and hygiene 
products impacts women and girls in particular and recommends 
USAID address this issue in the design of WASH programs. The 
Committee directs the USAID Administrator to update the report 
on these issues under this heading in House Report 115-253, not 
later than 45 days after enactment of this Act.
    The Committee recognizes the work of academic institutions 
in WASH programs in West Africa and supports catalytic 
approaches that increase the capacity of national and regional 
institutions to replicate successful models for safe water and 
sanitation and improved hygiene throughout the region. The 
Committee notes the rapid urbanization of countries in the 
developing world and recommends USAID give special 
consideration to urban WASH projects.
    The Committee also notes that Goal 2 of the Department of 
State and USAID Joint Strategic Plan is Renew America's 
Competitive Advantage for Sustained Economic Growth and Job 
Creation. In pursuing this goal, the USAID Administrator is 
directed to review policy and procedures for USAID programs in 
order to expand the creation of market opportunities for United 
States industries. The Committee encourages the USAID 
Administrator to utilize American standards in the design and 
implementation of relevant development programs, such as water 
and sanitation projects, including water infrastructure. USAID 
is directed to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on 
the use of such standards in the design and implementation of 
development programs.
    Water security.--The Committee notes that water scarcity 
endangers the livelihoods of communities and leads to conflicts 
and migration. The Committee directs USAID and the Department 
of State to support projects that improve water sector 
governance and finance; improve management of water resources; 
and promote cooperation on shared waters.

                   INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................    $2,696,534,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     3,557,412,000
Committee recommendation\1\...........................     2,997,734,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      +301,200,000
    Change from request...............................      -559,678,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level and the Committee
  recommendation include funds under this heading in title VIII
  designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget
  and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $2,997,734,000 for 
International Disaster Assistance, when combined with funds 
provided under title VIII the total is $4,285,312,000, which is 
the same as the fiscal year 2018 enacted level.
    This account funds humanitarian relief, rehabilitation, and 
reconstruction in countries affected by natural and man-made 
disasters, as well as support for disaster mitigation, disaster 
risk reduction, prevention, and preparedness. This includes the 
purchase of commodities, such as temporary shelter, blankets, 
and supplementary and therapeutic food; potable water; medical 
supplies; and agricultural rehabilitation. Program 
beneficiaries include disaster victims, conflict victims, and 
internally displaced persons. Funds are also provided for the 
Emergency Food Security Program, as authorized in the Global 
Food Security Act of 2016 (P.L. 114-195).

                         TRANSITION INITIATIVES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................       $30,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        87,043,000
Committee recommendation..............................        96,145,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +66,145,000
    Change from request...............................        +9,102,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level includes funds under
  this heading in title VIII designated pursuant to section
  251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control
  Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $96,145,000 for 
Transition Initiatives.
    Funds provided in this account support programs targeting 
key transitions to democracy for countries in crisis and quick-
impact activities for conflict prevention or stabilization.
    The Committee recommendation continues the following 
requirements: (1) funds made available under this heading may 
only be administered by the Office of Transition Initiatives 
(OTI); (2) five days prior to starting a new program, USAID 
must submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations; and 
(3) up to $15,000,000 of funds appropriated by this Act to 
carry out the provisions of part I of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 may be used for the purposes and with the 
authorities provided under this heading if the Secretary of 
State determines it is in the national interest and following 
consultation with the Committees on Appropriations.
    The Committee directs OTI to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations summarizing new, ongoing, and 
completed country programs implemented by OTI in fiscal year 
2019, including programs supported with transferred funds, 
subject to the reporting requirements of the Committees on 
Appropriations.

                          COMPLEX CRISES FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................       $10,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................       -10,000,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level includes funds under
  this heading in title VIII designated pursuant to section
  251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control
  Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation does not include an 
appropriation for the Complex Crises Fund.

                      DEVELOPMENT CREDIT AUTHORITY

 
 
 
Program Account:
    Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level....................       $55,000,000
    Fiscal Year 2019 request\1\.......................                 0
    Committee recommendation..........................        40,000,000
        Change from enacted level.....................       -15,000,000
        Change from request...........................       +40,000,000
Administrative Expenses:
    Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level....................       $10,000,000
    Fiscal Year 2019 request\1\.......................                 0
    Committee recommendation..........................         9,120,000
        Change from enacted level.....................          -880,000
        Change from request...........................        +9,120,000
 
\1\For fiscal year 2019, the budget proposes to replace DCA with a new
  Development Finance Institution.

    The Committee recommendation includes a ceiling of 
$40,000,000 on the amount that may be transferred from 
bilateral economic assistance accounts for the subsidy cost of 
loan guarantees under the Development Credit Authority (DCA) 
program, which is consistent with the recent level of 
transfers. The Committee recommendation includes an 
appropriation of $9,120,000 for administrative expenses.
    The Act includes a requirement that USAID notify the 
Committees on Appropriations prior to the use of gifts for DCA 
transactions or in transactions resulting in negative subsidy.
    The Committee notes that USAID must submit a spending 
report to the Committees on Appropriations as required in 
section 7070(c) of this Act.

                 ECONOMIC SUPPORT AND DEVELOPMENT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................                $0
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     5,063,125,000
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................    -5,063,125,000
 

    The Committee does not recommend funds under this heading, 
as proposed in the fiscal year 2019 budget request.

                         ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................    $1,816,731,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation\1\...........................     2,518,654,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      +701,923,000
    Change from request...............................    +2,518,654,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level and the Committee
  recommendation include funds under this heading in title VIII
  designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget
  and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $2,518,654,000 for 
Economic Support Fund. Additional funds are provided under 
title VIII.
    The Committee notes that funds recommended under this 
heading are provided to advance United States interests by 
helping countries meet political, economic, and security needs.

Africa

    The Committee provides additional direction on programs in 
this region under section 7042 of this report.
    Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).--The Committee 
recommendation includes $75,180,000 for the DRC, which is the 
same as the request. Funds are provided to support economic and 
agricultural development opportunities, including in eastern 
DRC. Funds should also support democracy and governance, rule 
of law, and civil society capacity building. The Committee 
notes the success of public-private partnerships to help small 
farmers with agricultural development initiatives and 
encourages USAID to continue to support such efforts.
    Somalia.--The Committee supports continued funding for 
Somalia to support the formation of legitimate, durable 
institutions that will enhance peace and stability in the 
country. The Secretary of State is directed to submit an update 
to the report required under this heading in House Report 114-
693 not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act.

East Asia and Pacific

    The Committee provides additional direction on programs in 
this region under section 7043 of this report.
    People's Republic of China (PRC).--The Committee 
recommendation includes a prohibition on direct assistance to 
the Government of the PRC from this account.
    Tibet.--The Committee recommendation includes $8,000,000, 
which is the same as the fiscal year 2018 enacted level, to 
support activities that preserve cultural traditions and 
promote sustainable development and environmental conservation 
in Tibetan communities in the Tibetan Autonomous Region and in 
other Tibet autonomous areas in the PRC. The Committee notes 
the development challenges facing Tibetan communities in South 
Asia and includes $6,000,000, which is the same as the fiscal 
year 2018 enacted level, to continue to support Tibetan 
communities in India and Nepal in the areas of education, 
skills development, and entrepreneurship. In addition, the 
Committee includes $3,000,000 for Tibetan governance and 
institutions.

Latin America and the Caribbean

    The Committee provides additional direction for programs in 
Latin America and the Caribbean under section 7045 of this 
report.
    Cuba.--The Committee recommendation includes $30,000,000 
for programs to promote democracy and strengthen civil society 
in Cuba, of which not less than $8,000,000 shall be for the 
NED. The remaining funds should be administered by DRL, the 
Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, and USAID. The Committee 
encourages these bureaus and USAID to consider the unique 
capabilities of the core institutes of the NED in implementing 
similar programs. The Committee directs that funds shall only 
be used for programs and activities pursuant to section 109(a) 
of the Cuban Liberty and Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996 and 
section 1705 of the Cuban Democracy Act of 1992, and shall not 
be used for business promotion, economic reform, 
entrepreneurship or any other assistance that is not democracy-
building. With respect to grantee selection and implementation, 
the Committee directs that grants exceeding $1,000,000, or to 
be implemented over a period of 12 months, shall be awarded 
only to organizations with experience promoting democracy 
inside Cuba.

Middle East and North Africa

    The Committee provides additional direction on programs in 
the region under section 7041 of this report.
    Lebanon scholarships.--The Committee recommendation 
includes not less than $12,000,000 for scholarships for 
Lebanese students with high financial need to attend not-for-
profit educational institutions in Lebanon that meet standards 
comparable to those required for American accreditation. 
Students in Lebanon should be eligible for scholarships if they 
demonstrate financial need, have strong academic records, and 
show potential to contribute to the long-term political, 
economic, and social development of Lebanon. The Committee 
directs that these funds be awarded through an open and 
competitive process.
    Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI).--The Committee 
supports continued funding for MEPI and directs that within 
such funds $20,000,000 be made available for the MEPI 
scholarship program, which is the same as the fiscal year 2018 
level.
    Middle East Regional Cooperation Program.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $5,000,000 for the Middle East Regional 
Cooperation Program, which is the same as the fiscal year 2018 
level.
    Near East Regional Democracy.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $47,000,000 for the Near East Regional Democracy 
program, which is $5,000,000 above the fiscal year 2018 enacted 
level. The Committee expects a portion of the funds be used to 
support programs to increase the participation of women in 
politics, including as candidates in elections, and in 
consultation with diaspora communities in the United States.
    Scholarship program for refugees in Lebanon.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $5,000,000 to continue the university 
scholarship pilot program for refugees in Lebanon. Such funds 
are in addition to funds made available for assistance for 
Lebanon under this heading. The USAID Administrator is directed 
to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on an ongoing 
basis on how the program will be administered consistent with 
the Lebanon scholarship program at not-for-profit educational 
institutions in Lebanon that meet the standards required for 
American accreditation, and other matters related to 
implementation.

South and Central Asia

    The Committee provides additional direction on programs in 
this region under section 7044 of this report.

Global Programs

    Combating violent extremism.--The Committee encourages 
USAID to invest in innovative, locally-led organizations with 
programs developed to prevent and address the underlying causes 
of violent extremism and promote sustainable development in a 
community or communities recently liberated from or 
particularly vulnerable to extremist organizations, including 
terrorist organizations such as Boko Haram.
    Disability Programs.--The Committee notes USAID's ongoing 
support for programs that support inclusive development of 
persons with disabilities and encourages funding for such 
programs at prior year levels.
    Foreign assistance resources.--The Committee recommendation 
includes the request for the Office of U.S. Foreign Assistance 
Resources to support aid transparency and evaluation.
    Independent media.--The Committee continues to support 
assistance for independent media, including in Afghanistan, 
Burma, and Pakistan.
    Information communication technology training.--The 
Committee is supportive of programs that provide policy and 
technical training to information communication technology 
professionals from developing countries at prior year levels.
    National Ocean Policy.--The Committee notes that no funds 
are requested in fiscal year 2019 for the implementation of the 
National Ocean Policy, and the Committee recommendation 
includes no funding for this purpose. The Committee further 
notes that any funds obligated in support of this policy are 
subject to the notification requirements contained in this Act.
    Parliamentary exchanges.--The Committee includes $1,900,000 
for the House Democracy Partnership and encourages coordination 
with USAID in implementing parliamentary strengthening 
programs.
    Rule of law and judicial reform.--The Committee believes 
the rule of law is fundamental to promoting democracy and 
sustainable development. The Committee notes that the rule of 
law is strengthened by promoting independent judiciaries, human 
rights and women's rights, combating human trafficking and 
corruption, and increasing public accountability and access to 
justice. The Committee continues to support programs to develop 
fair and transparent judicial systems that advance the rule of 
law worldwide.

                             DEMOCRACY FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $215,500,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation                                     225,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        +9,500,000
    Change from request...............................      +225,000,000
 

    The Committee includes $225,000,000 for Democracy Fund, 
which is $9,500,000 above the fiscal year 2018 enacted level.
    Funds included under this heading were requested under 
Economic Support and Development Fund. Of the funds provided, 
$155,500,000 shall be for the Human Rights and Democracy Fund 
of DRL at the Department of State, and $69,500,000 shall be for 
the Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance 
at USAID.

            ASSISTANCE FOR EUROPE, EURASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $750,334,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request\1\...........................                 0
Committee recommendation                                    $750,334,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +750,334,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2019 request proposes to consolidate funds under this
  heading and Economic Support Fund.

    The Committee recommendation includes $750,334,000 for 
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia.
    Cyprus.--No funds were requested for Cyprus, but should the 
Secretary of State decide to provide funds, such assistance 
should only be used for measures aimed at reunification and 
designed to reduce tensions and promote peace and cooperation 
between the two communities on Cyprus. The Committee notes that 
such programs are subject to the requirements of section 7015 
of this Act. Funding for the United States assessed cost of the 
UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus are provided under 
Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities.
    Reconciliation programs.--The Committee expects that funds 
will be made available to further the economic, social 
development, and reconciliation goals of Public Law 99-415 at 
levels consistent with amounts provided in prior years.
    Research and training.--The Committee recommendation 
supports programs made pursuant to section 7034(d) of this Act 
for research and training authorized by the Soviet-Eastern 
European Research and Training Act of 1983.

                          Department of State


                    MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................      $927,802,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     2,800,375,000
Committee recommendation\1\                                  996,766,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +68,964,000
    Change from request...............................    -1,803,609,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level and the Committee
  recommendation include funds under this heading in title VIII
  designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget
  and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $996,766,000 for 
Migration and Refugee Assistance. When combined with additional 
funds for Migration and Refugee Assistance provided under title 
VIII, the amount recommended is the same as the fiscal year 
2018 enacted level.
    Of the funds made available under this heading in this 
title, the Committee recommendation includes not less than 
$35,000,000 to respond to small-scale emergency humanitarian 
requirements.
    Burmese refugees.--The Committee expects the Secretary of 
State to provide robust diplomatic and funding for refugees and 
other displaced people from Burma, including those who have 
fled ethnic cleansing and other attacks.
    Coordination.--The Committee recommendation includes 
sufficient funds for the Administration to support the work of 
the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian 
Affairs, as requested.
    Minority communities.--Conflict and instability in the 
Middle East and Africa intensify the challenges facing minority 
ethnic and religious communities, including Christian 
populations. The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
ensure that eligible individuals and families from such 
communities have access to humanitarian assistance and 
resettlement services.
    Resettlement in Israel.--The Committee recommendation 
includes not less than $5,000,000 for refugees from the former 
Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and other refugees resettling in 
Israel, which is the same as the request and similar to 
language carried in prior years.
    Syrian refugee assistance.--The Committee encourages the 
Secretary of State to ensure that senior level Department 
leadership is dedicated to addressing the diplomatic and 
assistance needs of Syrian refugees, especially refugees of 
special humanitarian concern, and to the development and 
implementation of other appropriate policies and programs 
concerning Syrian refugees, other refugees in the region, 
internally displaced persons and people of humanitarian concern 
in Syria.
    Tibetan refugees.--The Committee supports the continued 
allocation of funds to assist Tibetan refugees in Nepal and 
India at a level commensurate with prior years. The Committee 
is concerned about reports that Nepalese officials have handed 
over Tibetan refugees to Chinese border authorities, in 
contravention of Nepal's international obligations to protect 
refugees fleeing persecution. The Committee supports efforts by 
the Secretary of State to work with the Government of Nepal to 
provide safe transit for Tibetan refugees and legal protections 
to Tibetans residing in Nepal.
    United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) 
accountability.--The Committee recommendation includes language 
in section 7048(d) of this Act prohibiting funds appropriated 
under this heading from being made available to UNRWA until the 
Secretary of State determines and reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations that UNRWA is meeting the conditions enumerated 
in that section.
    The Committee directs that in reviewing whether UNRWA is 
meeting the requirements of section 7048(d)(2), the Secretary 
of State shall ensure that UNRWA's employment policies prohibit 
staff from being members of militant political parties or a 
Foreign Terrorist Organization designated pursuant to section 
219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, including members 
of Hamas.
    In addition to the pre-obligation determination and report 
required by section 7048(d) of this Act, the Secretary of State 
shall, not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on 
United States policy concerning UNRWA, including funding plans, 
reforms needed by UNRWA to improve accountability and 
sustainability of services, and changes in United States policy 
towards UNRWA. In developing such a report, the Secretary shall 
also include an assessment of the following: (1) the current 
definition of Palestinian refugees that is used by UNRWA, how 
that definition corresponds with, or differs from, the standard 
practice used by UNHCR, other UN agencies, and the United 
States Government, and whether such definition furthers the 
prospects for lasting peace in the region and the 
sustainability of UNRWA's operations; (2) any reforms that have 
been, or are planned to be, submitted to the UN or to UNRWA and 
whether such reforms are a condition for future funding; (3) 
UNRWA's commitment and capacity to ensure (i) financial 
transparency, efficiency, and oversight of services and (ii) 
that UNRWA staff, facilities, and materials are not utilized 
for political purposes or terrorist activities; (4) 
alternatives for assisting Palestinians in need outside of the 
UNRWA framework; and (5) the impact of changes to United States 
policy towards, and funding for, UNRWA on United States 
national security and regional stability in the Middle East and 
North Africa. The strategy shall be submitted in unclassified 
form, but may include a classified annex.
    Western Hemisphere.--The Committee remains concerned about 
the growing number of refugees and immigrants in the Western 
Hemisphere, especially refugees fleeing Venezuela, and urges 
the Secretary of State to carefully monitor the needs of 
displaced individuals and families and the communities that 
host them.

     UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................        $1,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................        -1,000,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include funds under 
this heading. Funds previously provided under the heading have 
been included under Migration and Refugee Assistance. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to provide a report to 
the Committees on Appropriations on any available balances 
remaining under the Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance 
Fund not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act.

                          Independent Agencies


                              PEACE CORPS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $410,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       396,200,000
Committee recommendation..............................       410,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................          +500,000
    Change from request...............................       +14,300,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $410,500,000 for 
Peace Corps, of which $6,000,000 is for the Office of the 
Inspector General.
    The Committee recommendation for Peace Corps will provide 
support for the positive contributions of Americans serving as 
volunteers throughout the world, including volunteer safety and 
security operations. The Committee recommendation continues the 
ban on the use of funds for abortion, with certain exceptions, 
and requires an operating plan pursuant to section 7070(a) of 
this Act.
    The Committee recommendation continues the requirement that 
the Peace Corps consult with and notify the Committees on 
Appropriations prior to any decisions to open, close, 
significantly reduce, or suspend a domestic or overseas office 
or country program. The Committee directs the Director of the 
Peace Corps to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, listing all decisions made during the fiscal 
year to change the status of offices or country programs and 
the justifications for such decisions, subject to the reporting 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

                    MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $905,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       800,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................       905,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +105,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $905,000,000 for 
Millennium Challenge Corporation. The Committee recommendation 
includes a limitation of $105,000,000 for administrative 
expenses and not more than $100,000 may be for representational 
expenses.
    Funding included for administrative expenses is made 
available until September 30, 2020.
    Corruption.--The Committee directs the CEO of the MCC to 
continue to update the Committees on Appropriations on efforts 
to seek better data on governance and other measures of 
corruption.
    MCC mandate.--The Committee continues to direct the CEO of 
the MCC to include the corresponding economic rate of return 
estimated for each line item funded in the compact in 
congressional notifications submitted for new compacts.
    Reporting requirements.--The Committee directs the MCC to 
continue to adhere to the directives contained in House Report 
114-154 with respect to reporting requirements.

                       INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $22,500,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................         3,482,000
Committee recommendation..............................        22,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +19,018,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $22,500,000 for the 
Inter-American Foundation (IAF). The Committee recommendation 
does not assume the consolidation of the IAF into USAID, as 
proposed by the fiscal year 2019 request.
    The Committee recommendation provides additional resources 
for IAF via transfer from Development Assistance to support the 
United States Strategy for Engagement in Central America.
    The Committee notes that section 7070(a) of this Act 
requires an operating plan for funds made available under this 
heading.

              UNITED STATES AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $30,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................         4,623,000
Committee recommendation..............................        30,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +25,377,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $30,000,000 for 
United States African Development Foundation. The Committee 
recommendation does not assume the consolidation of the United 
States African Development Foundation (USADF) into USAID, as 
proposed by the fiscal year 2019 request.
    The Committee directs the USADF to consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations prior to exercising the authority 
in section 7024 of this Act for new grants.
    The Committee notes that section 7070(a) of this Act 
requires an operating plan for funds made available under this 
heading.

                       DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

    The Committee directs the Department of the Treasury's 
Office of Inspector General (OIG) to submit a report not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act on the policies, 
procedures, and processes that the Office of Technical 
Assistance used to ensure compliance with the funding 
conditions and reporting requirements in Public Law 115-141 
during fiscal year 2018. The OIG shall consult with the 
Committees on Appropriation on the scope of the report.

               INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $30,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        30,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................        30,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $30,000,000 for 
International Affairs Technical Assistance by the Department of 
the Treasury. The operating and spend plans required under 
sections 7070 of this Act shall include estimated program and 
administrative costs by fiscal year of appropriation.
    The Committee is troubled by the Office of Technical 
Assistance's (OTA) non-compliance with the notification 
requirements under section 7015 of this Act and lack of full 
compliance with operating and spend plans required under 
section 7070 of this Act. The Committee directs the Department 
to make all records and staff available to the Office of 
Inspector General in the course of their work to prepare a 
report for the Committee on OTA's compliance with funding 
conditions and reporting requirements.

              TITLE IV--INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE

    The Committee notes that under the direction of the 
President, the Secretary of State shall be responsible for the 
continuous supervision and general direction of economic 
assistance, law enforcement and justice sector assistance, 
military assistance, and military education and training 
programs, including but not limited to determining whether 
there shall be a military assistance (including civic action) 
or a military education and training program for a country and 
the value thereof, to the end that such programs are 
effectively integrated both at home and abroad and the foreign 
policy of the United States is best served thereby.

                          Department of State


          INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................      $950,845,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       880,350,000
Committee recommendation..............................     1,435,151,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      +484,306,000
    Change from request...............................      +554,801,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level includes funds under
  this heading in title VIII designated pursuant to section
  251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control
  Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,435,151,000 for 
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement.
    Funds for certain programs under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and subject to section 7019 of 
this Act:

           INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Country/Program                      Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Argentina............................................             $2,500
Caribbean Basin Security Initiative..................            $25,250
Central America Regional Security Initiative.........            222,500
Combating wildlife poaching and trafficking..........             50,000
Colombia.............................................            160,000
Countering Russian Influence Fund....................             50,000
Critical Flight Safety Program.......................             12,000
Cybercrime and Intellectual Property Rights..........             10,000
Demand Reduction.....................................             15,000
DNA forensic technology..............................              8,000
Egypt................................................              2,000
Georgia..............................................              4,000
International Law Enforcement Academies..............             27,000
International Organizations..........................              7,000
International Organized Crime........................             80,850
Mexico...............................................            120,000
Morocco..............................................              5,000
Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism              2,580
Peru.................................................             32,000
Programs to end modern slavery.......................             25,000
Stabilization and recovery...........................             10,000
Trafficking in persons...............................             45,000
Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership............             10,032
Tunisia..............................................             13,000
Ukraine..............................................             30,000
Western Hemisphere Regional Security Cooperation.....             12,500
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Argentina.--The Committee notes the renewed security 
cooperation and engagement between Argentina and the United 
States. Funds provided under this heading should support 
mutually agreed upon goals in the areas of counterterrorism, 
counternarcotics, and law enforcement, and increase Argentina's 
technological capabilities in such areas.
    Combating wildlife trafficking.--The Committee includes 
$50,000,000 under this heading for programs to combat wildlife 
poaching and trafficking. The Committee continues to support 
the use of aircraft for anti-poaching activities and directs 
the Secretary of State to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on the current and proposed demonstration 
projects not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act. 
The Committee supports the use of the authority provided in 
section 484(a)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act for transfer of 
title of aircraft to support anti-poaching activities.
    Coordination.--The Committee notes that, consistent with 
section 481(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the 
Secretary of State is responsible for coordinating all 
assistance provided by the United States Government to support 
international efforts to combat illicit narcotics production or 
trafficking. In addition, the provision of assistance by the 
Department of Defense which is comparable to assistance made 
available under this heading should be provided in a manner 
consistent with the requirements of section 333(b) of title 10, 
United States Code.
    Critical Flight Safety Program.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $12,000,000 for the Critical Flight 
Safety Program, including $6,500,000 for health monitoring 
systems to increase aircraft safety, readiness and reliability. 
The Committee directs that such funds shall be awarded on a 
competitive basis.
    Cybercrime and intellectual property rights.--The Committee 
recommendation supports the efforts of United States Government 
agencies to build the capacity of partner nations to combat 
cybercrime and strengthen law enforcement in the area of 
intellectual property rights, including through the placement 
of Intellectual Property Law Enforcement Coordinators. The 
Committee notes the spend plan requirements contained in 
section 7070(b) apply to such funds.
    Demand reduction.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$15,000,000 for global demand reduction programs. Not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the Committee directs 
the Secretary of State, in coordination with the USAID 
Administrator, to provide to the Committees on Appropriations a 
report on the uses of all funds provided for demand reduction 
programs on a country-by-country basis for each program, 
project, and activity for fiscal years 2015 through 2018. The 
report shall include both global and bilateral programs 
supported by this Act and prior Acts making appropriations for 
the Department of State, foreign operations, and related 
programs.
    DNA forensic technology.--Section 7034(b)(2) provides 
$8,000,000 for DNA forensic technology programs. Such funds are 
derived from funds provided under this heading for CARSI and 
for assistance for Mexico. The Committee provides additional 
direction for this program under section 7034 of this report.
    International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEA).--The 
Committee recommendation provides $27,000,000 for ILEA to 
support regional law enforcement training. The Committee 
expects the Secretary of State to provide sufficient resources 
for ILEA San Salvador to support the goals of CARSI. The 
Committee also expects ILEA to continue coursework to address 
wildlife poaching and trafficking.
    International organizations.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $7,000,000 for activities to mobilize global 
institutions to combat factors that contribute to the opioid 
crisis and other drug and transnational criminal organization 
threats.
    International organized crime.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $80,850,000 for International Organized 
Crime, which includes amounts requested for programs to further 
the objectives of Executive Order 13773 on Enforcing Federal 
Law with Respect to Transnational Criminal Organizations and 
Preventing International Trafficking. The Committee notes the 
spend plan requirements contained in section 7070(b) apply to 
such funds.
    Report.--Not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act 
and prior to the initial obligation of funds appropriated under 
this heading, the Secretary of State is directed to submit a 
report to the Committees on Appropriations on the proposed uses 
of funds in a manner similar to prior years. The Committee 
notes that such report does not meet the notification 
requirements under section 7015 of this Act. The Committee 
notes with displeasure that the Secretary of State has not 
adequately complied with this requirement in prior years and 
directs that such reports be provided expeditiously.

    NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................      $655,467,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       690,306,000
Committee recommendation..............................       876,050,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      +220,583,000
    Change from request...............................      +185,744,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level includes funds under
  this heading in title VIII designated pursuant to section
  251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control
  Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $876,050,000 for 
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and Related 
Programs. Such funds are allocated according to the following 
table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

     NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Program/Activity                     Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nonproliferation programs............................           $301,800
    Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund............           [40,000]
    Export Control and Related Border Security                  [60,000]
     Assistance......................................
    Global Threat Reduction..........................           [70,000]
Anti-terrorism programs..............................            360,250
    Anti-terrorism Assistance Program................          [182,000]
    Airport and aviation security....................           [20,000]
    Counterterrorism Financing Program...............           [12,500]
    Terrorist Interdiction Program...................           [50,000]
    Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund...............          [115,750]
Conventional Weapons Destruction.....................            189,000
Stabilization and recovery...........................             25,000
                                                      ------------------
        Total, Non-Proliferation, Anti-terrorism,                876,050
         Demining and Related Programs...............
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Nonproliferation programs.--The Committee includes 
$301,800,000 for Nonproliferation programs. The Committee 
emphasizes that nonproliferation programs of the Department of 
State and other Federal agencies are critical to United States 
national security. The Committee urges close coordination among 
all agencies involved in such activities.
    The Committee recommendation includes not less than the 
request for a voluntary contribution to the International 
Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to support programs that promote 
nuclear safeguards, nuclear safety and security, the 
responsible use of nuclear energy, and the peaceful uses of 
nuclear technologies. The Committee notes the increased 
workload and resources associated with IAEA's expanded 
responsibilities to verify compliance with international 
nuclear nonproliferation agreements, including monitoring 
Iran's nuclear commitments, and expects the Secretary of State 
to prioritize funding for such activities.
    Anti-terrorism programs.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $360,250,000 for Anti-terrorism programs, including 
$182,000,000 for the Anti-terrorism Assistance Program, which 
provides counterterrorism law enforcement training to partner 
countries.
    The Committee recommendation provides $20,000,000 to 
strengthen international airport and aviation security, 
including passenger and baggage screening, and crisis response. 
Such funds are derived from funds under the Anti-terrorism 
Assistance Program and Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund. In 
programming such funds, the Secretary of State should consider 
national security risks to the United States and the extent to 
which countries are meeting international standards for airport 
and aviation security. Not later than 45 days after enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary is directed to submit an updated 
spend plan detailing activities that will bolster airport and 
aviation security in key countries.
    The Committee recommendation supports efforts of the 
Department of State and other Federal agencies to assist 
foreign countries to detect, disrupt, and dismantle terrorist 
financial networks. The Committee recommendation also supports 
efforts to assist countries at risk of terrorist activity 
enhance their border security capabilities through the 
Terrorist Interdiction Program.
    Funds made available under this heading are provided for 
programs and activities to counter and defeat violent extremism 
and foreign fighters abroad, consistent with the strategy 
required by section 7073(a)(1) of the Department of State, 
Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
2017. The Secretary of State should ensure such programs are 
coordinated with, and complement the efforts of, other United 
States Government agencies and international partners, and that 
information gained through the conduct of such programs is 
shared in a timely manner with relevant departments and 
agencies of the United States Government, other international 
partners, and the appropriate congressional committees, as 
appropriate.
    Conventional Weapons Destruction.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $189,000,000 for Conventional Weapons 
Destruction programs, of which $30,000,000 is for programs in 
Laos. The recommendation also includes funds to support 
programs in Angola, Cambodia, Colombia, Kosovo, Sri Lanka, and 
Zimbabwe.

                        PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................      $212,712,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       291,380,000
Committee recommendation..............................       490,400,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      +277,688,000
    Change from request...............................      +199,020,000
 
\1\In addition the fiscal year 2018 enacted level includes funds under
  this heading in title VIII designated pursuant to section
  251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control
  Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $490,400,000 for 
Peacekeeping Operations.
    Africa Regional.--The Committee includes $40,900,000 for 
Africa Regional to support Partnership for Regional East Africa 
Counterterrorism; Africa Conflict Stabilization and Border 
Security; Africa Military Education Program; Africa Maritime 
Security Initiative; and Africa Regional Counterterrorism.
    Child soldiers.--The Committee includes language in section 
7049(c) of this Act requiring that funds should not be used to 
support military training or operations that include child 
soldiers.
    Global Peace Operations Initiative.--The Committee includes 
$71,000,000 for the Global Peace Operations Initiative, which 
is $10,000,000 above the fiscal year 2018 level. Additional 
funds should be made available to support the Africa 
Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA) program 
above the previous fiscal year, including to support 
modernization efforts to ACOTA training infrastructure.
    Near East.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$31,000,000 for the Multinational Force and Observers Mission 
(MFO) in the Sinai, which is the same as the request. The 
Committee directs that funds made available above the level of 
the United States contribution are intended to address ongoing 
force protection requirements and emerging needs to protect and 
sustain the MFO mission in the Sinai.
    Somalia.--Consistent with prior years, the Committee 
recommendation includes funds under this heading for the UN 
Support Office for the African Union Mission in Somalia, 
instead of under Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
Activities.

                  Funds Appropriated to the President


             INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $110,875,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        95,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................       110,875,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +15,875,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $110,875,000 for 
International Military Education and Training.
    The Committee recommendation provides not less than the 
fiscal year 2018 level for Malta.

                   FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level\1\.....................    $5,671,613,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     5,347,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................     6,361,342,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      +689,729,000
    Change from request...............................    +1,014,342,000
 
\1\In addition, the fiscal year 2018 enacted level includes funds under
  this heading in title VIII designated pursuant to section
  251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control
  Act of 1985.

    The Committee recommendation includes $6,361,342,000 for 
Foreign Military Financing Program.
    The Committee recommendation continues prior year language 
allowing the Secretary of State to expedite the procurement of 
defense articles or services for foreign security forces, 
following consultation with, and notification of, the 
Committees on Appropriations.
    Funds for certain programs under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and subject to section 7019 of 
this Act:

                   FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Country/Program                     Budget  Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Caribbean Basin Security Initiative..................             $7,500
Colombia.............................................             38,525
Counter Russia Influence Fund........................            120,000
Central America......................................             31,500
    Of which, Costa Rica.............................              7,500
Egypt................................................          1,300,000
Estonia..............................................              8,000
Georgia..............................................             35,000
Israel...............................................          3,300,000
Jordan...............................................            425,000
Latvia...............................................              8,000
Lithuania............................................              8,000
Mexico...............................................              5,000
Morocco..............................................             10,000
Peru.................................................              1,800
Stabilization and recovery...........................             25,000
Tunisia..............................................            105,000
Ukraine..............................................            110,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Child soldiers.--The Committee includes language in section 
7049(c) of this Act requiring that funds should not be used to 
support military training or operations that include child 
soldiers.
    Department of Defense programs and funding notifications.--
Section 7015(d) includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funding appropriated by this Act or prior Acts 
making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign 
operations, and related programs to support or continue certain 
programs initially funded by the Department of Defense, unless 
the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Defense and in accordance with the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations, submits a 
justification to such Committees.
    East Asia and Pacific.--The Committee remains concerned 
about the military modernization of the PRC and the increasing 
frequency of aggressive claims in territorial disputes, 
including on the seas and in cyberspace. The Committee 
encourages the Secretary of State to continue to engage with 
allies in the region on the political, economic, and military 
implications of the strategic rise of the PRC, including 
through military assistance and sales programs. Foreign 
Military Financing Program resources should emphasize building 
the maritime security capabilities of United States partners in 
Southeast Asia and the Pacific. The Secretary should also work 
with the Secretary of Defense to provide excess defense 
articles applicable to maritime security missions to countries 
in the region, as appropriate.
    FMF administration.--Funds made available under this 
heading for the general costs of administering military 
assistance and sales should be made available to increase the 
efficiency and effectiveness of programs authorized by Chapter 
2 of the Arms Export Control Act.
    Israel.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$3,300,000,000 in grants for military assistance to Israel, 
which is the same as the budget request. The Committee notes 
that the recommendation fully funds the first year of the ten 
year United States-Israel MOU. The Committee further notes the 
continued importance of Israel as a major strategic partner and 
ally of the United States in an unstable and critical region of 
the world. The Committee recognizes that the United States-
Israel partnership is integral to United States national 
security interests in the region and supports the continuation 
of the MOU framework to strengthen the strategic partnership to 
the benefit of both the United States and Israel. The Committee 
emphasizes that the increased appropriation reflects the 
commitment of the United States to the security of Israel and 
to ensuring that Israel's qualitative military edge and defense 
capabilities are maintained.
    The Committee notes that Israel maintains the flexibility 
under the MOU to purchase jet fuel from the United States.
    Section 7049(b) includes language carried in the prior year 
designating an amount for the Special Defense Acquisition Fund. 
The Committee supports the use of this fund to transfer 
precision guided munitions and related defense articles and 
services to reserve stocks for Israel and the transfer of such 
stocks as necessary for Israel's legitimate self-defense.
    Lebanon.--The Committee recommendation includes language in 
section 7041(e) of this Act requiring that certain conditions 
be met prior to the obligation of funds under this heading for 
assistance for Lebanon. The Committee intends that assistance 
provided to the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) will not be used 
against Israel, and such assistance will not affect Israel's 
qualitative military edge in the region. The Committee notes 
that section 7041(e) prohibits funds for the Lebanese Internal 
Security Forces or the LAF if either organization is controlled 
by a foreign terrorist organization and the Committee directs 
the Secretary of State to consult with the Committee regarding 
the rigorous implementation of this provision.
    Not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit to the 
Committees on Appropriations, an update to the report required 
on the performance of the LAF under section 7041 of the 
Explanatory Statement accompanying the Department of State, 
Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
2018. The Committee directs the Secretary of State to regularly 
consult with the Committees on Appropriations on the activities 
of the LAF and assistance provided by the United States.
    Quarterly Status Report.--The Committee notes that the 
Secretary of State has not complied with the reporting 
requirements contained in section 7034(b)(8) of the Department 
of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 2017 (division J of Public Law 115-31) and 
the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related 
Programs Appropriations Act, 2018 (division K of Public Law 
115-141). The Secretary of State is directed to submit such 
reports not later than 30 days after the enactment of this Act. 
In accordance with section 7049(e)(2) of this Act, the 
Secretary of State, in coordination with the Secretary of 
Defense, shall include a list of cases under development for 
major defense equipment (as defined in section 47 of the Arms 
Export Control Act) that are above the thresholds identified in 
section 36(b) of the Arms Export Control Act for which the 
letter of request is over 180 days old, consultations have not 
begun with the committees of jurisdiction, and a Letter of 
Offer has not been submitted. Such list shall include: (1) the 
date of the letter of request; (2) the amount of the proposed 
sale; and (3) a description of the defense article or service. 
The report shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may be 
accompanied by a classified annex, if necessary. The Secretary 
of State, in coordination with the Secretary of Defense, shall 
also be prepared to discuss the status of each case, including 
whether the case has been received by the Department of State.

                    TITLE V--MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $339,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................       213,800,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      -125,200,000
    Change from request...............................      +213,800,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $213,800,000 for 
International Organizations and Programs. Such funds are 
allocated according to the following table and subject to 
section 7019 of this Act:

                INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     Organization                      Budget  Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
International Civil Aviation Organization............             $1,200
International Conservation Programs..................              5,000
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy                    50
 and Armed Robbery Against Ships in Asia.............
UN Children's Fund...................................            132,500
UN Development Program...............................             60,000
UN Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women..........              1,000
UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture.............              6,550
UN Women.............................................              7,500
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................            213,800
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Transparency and accountability.--The Committee 
recommendation includes modified language in section 7048(a) 
withholding a portion of funds for UN agencies until the 
Secretary of State determines and reports that certain 
transparency and accountability requirements have been met.

                  International Financial Institutions

    International Monetary Fund (IMF) internal budget.--The 
Committee expects the Secretary of the Treasury to submit to 
the Committees on Appropriations the information required in 
House Report 114-154 regarding IMF surcharges on loans and the 
internal budget for the IMF and directs the Secretary to 
provide updated information on such matters for calendar year 
2019.
    Budget support.--The Committee continues to be concerned 
about the use of budget support, through Development Policy 
Loans and Program for Results. Not later than 45 days after 
enactment of this Act, the Committee directs the Secretary of 
the Treasury to report to the Committees on Appropriations on 
the ten countries receiving the highest levels of lending for 
each instrument during calendar year 2018.
    Global Agriculture Food Security.--The Act does not include 
an appropriation for a contribution to the Global Agriculture 
Food Security Program (GAFSP), which has remaining balances 
available from prior appropriations Acts for such contribution. 
The Secretary of the Treasury shall continue the 2012 pledge to 
provide to GAFSP $1 for every $2 in contributions from other 
donors, utilizing such prior year balances.

                      GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $139,575,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        68,300,000
Committee recommendation..............................       139,575,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +71,275,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $139,575,000 for the 
Global Environment Facility (GEF) subject to the regular 
notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations. 
The Secretary of the Treasury is required to submit a report 
about the programming of funds in the previous GEF 
replenishment cycle.

       CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................    $1,097,010,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................     1,097,010,000
Committee recommendation..............................     1,097,010,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,097,010,000 for 
Contribution to the International Development Association.

               CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $47,395,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        47,395,000
Committee recommendation..............................        47,395,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $47,395,000 for 
Contribution to the Asian Development Fund.

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $32,418,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        32,417,000
Committee recommendation..............................        32,417,000
    Change from enacted level.........................            -1,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $32,417,000 for 
Contribution to the African Development Bank.
    The Committee recommends a limitation on the amount that 
the United States Governor of the African Development Bank may 
subscribe to the callable portion of the United States share of 
the General Capital Increase.

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $171,300,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       171,300,000
Committee recommendation..............................       171,300,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $171,300,000 for 
Contribution to the African Development Fund.

  CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $30,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................        30,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +30,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $30,000,000 for 
Contribution to the International Fund for Agricultural 
Development.

               TITLE VI--EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE


                Export-Import Bank of the United States


                           INSPECTOR GENERAL

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................        $5,700,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................         4,750,000
Committee recommendation..............................         5,700,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................          +950,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $5,700,000 for the 
Office of Inspector General (OIG).
    The Committee directs the OIG to submit to the Committees 
on Appropriations its annual audit plan within the first 
quarter of fiscal year 2019.
    The Committee directs the OIG to submit a report not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act on the policies, 
procedures, and processes that Export-Import Bank used to 
ensure compliance with the funding conditions and reporting 
requirements in Public Law 115-141 during fiscal year 2018. The 
OIG shall consult with the Committees on Appropriation on the 
scope of the report.

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $110,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        90,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................       110,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +20,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $110,000,000 for 
Administrative Expenses and does not include funds for a 
subsidy appropriation.

                Overseas Private Investment Corporation


                           NONCREDIT ACCOUNT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $79,200,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request\1\...........................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................        79,200,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +79,200,000
 
\1\For fiscal year 2019, the budget proposes to replace OPIC with the
  Development Finance Institution.

    The Committee recommendation includes $79,200,000 for 
Noncredit Account for the administrative expenses of the 
Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC).
    The Committee directs OPIC to submit a report not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act on the staff and 
activities funded by the noncredit credit account. 
Specifically, the report shall describe the differences among 
credit administrative expenses, insurance administrative 
expenses, and project-specific transaction costs; how shared 
administrative expenses are allocated among these categories; 
the historical dollar amounts for of these categories; and the 
definition and amounts of direct and indirect costs.
    The Committee is concerned about the thoroughness and 
timeliness of responses by OPIC, noting, for example, the 
agency's non-compliance with the reporting requirement for a 
confidential annex for two consecutive years. The Committee 
expects the Office of External Affairs to be readily available 
to provide technical assistance, to be receptive to inquiries, 
and to establish effective processes and procedures to ensure 
that OPIC complies with all funding conditions and reporting 
requirements.

                            PROGRAM ACCOUNT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $20,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request\1\...........................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................        10,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       -10,000,000
    Change from request...............................       +10,000,000
 
\1\For fiscal year 2019, the budget proposes to replace OPIC with the
  Development Finance Institution.

    The Committee recommendation includes $10,000,000 for the 
cost of OPIC's direct and guaranteed loan credit programs.
    The Committee recommendation does not extend the 
authorization of OPIC, but defers such action to the 
authorizing committees of jurisdiction. The Committee will 
consider conforming changes in accordance with any changes in 
enacted laws.
    The Committee directs the President of OPIC to include in 
the CBJ for fiscal year 2020 a confidential annex that 
describes new loans, guarantees, and insurance approved or 
anticipated in the prior year, current year, and budget year by 
category, recipient, country, level of OPIC resources provided, 
and source year of financing used, as well as any updates to 
the previous report. The Committee also directs OPIC to provide 
additional detail, including a description of the positive and 
negative subsidy assigned to the largest projects and the level 
of guarantee provided.
    The Committee directs OPIC to submit the confidential annex 
on a quarterly basis for the current year to the Committees on 
Appropriations not later than 30 days after the end of each 
quarter, including the amounts of principal and subsidy 
obligated or deobligated by date and the remaining unobligated 
balances of resources and the statutory cap.
    Investment funds.--As in prior years, the Committee directs 
OPIC to continue to provide written reports on a semi-annual 
basis, including the following information for each investment 
fund: the identity, selection process, and professional 
background of current and past managers; the fees and 
compensation currently provided to senior management; the 
amount of OPIC guarantees and actual investments made at the 
end of the previous six months; and any additional pertinent 
data.
    Local currency guarantees.--As in prior years, the 
Committee directs OPIC to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations before exercising local currency loan guarantee 
authority, and to provide to the Committees on Appropriations, 
prior to the consultation, justification for the need to 
exercise such authority, the use of OPIC subsidy required, the 
degree to which the United States would be exposed to 
additional risk as a result of such transactions, and which 
other United States Government agencies have been consulted.
    Non-governmental and private and voluntary organizations.--
As in prior years, the Committee directs the President of OPIC 
to consult with the Committees on Appropriations before any 
future financing for non-governmental organizations or private 
and voluntary organizations is approved.

                    Development Finance Institution


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................                $0
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................       118,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      -118,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include the 
Development Finance Institution. The Committee will consider 
conforming changes in accordance with any changes in enacted 
laws.

                      Trade and Development Agency


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $79,500,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................        12,105,000
Committee recommendation..............................        79,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +67,395,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $79,500,000 for the 
United States Trade and Development Agency.

                     TITLE VII--GENERAL PROVISIONS

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
carried in the fiscal year 2018 Act be deleted: 7050, 7055, 
7061, 7064, 7073, and 7080. These provisions are either 
addressed elsewhere in permanent law, have been considered by 
the appropriate authorizing committee, are directly addressed 
in this report, or are no longer necessary.
    The Committee recommends the following new, revised and 
retained provisions:
    Section 7001 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding allowances and differentials.
    Section 7002 includes language carried in the prior year 
requiring agencies to provide quarterly reports on the 
cumulative balances of any unobligated funds.
    Section 7003 includes language carried in the prior year 
requiring that consulting service contracts shall be a matter 
of public record.
    Section 7004 includes language modified from the prior year 
with respect to the construction and use of diplomatic 
facilities, setting limitations and expanding notification and 
oversight requirements, and placing conditions and restrictions 
on certain funds. Further direction concerning notification and 
oversight of diplomatic facilities is included under Embassy 
Security, Construction, and Maintenance.
    Section 7005 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding certain personnel actions and the authority to 
transfer funds between appropriations accounts.
    Section 7006 includes language carried in the prior year on 
Department of State management. The report required in 
subsection (c) shall include a description of the criteria used 
by the Secretary of State to certify that an office or bureau 
is capable of managing and overseeing foreign assistance, and a 
description of the technical training required by the 
Department of State for personnel involved in such activities. 
The report should also include a summary of each open 
recommendation from the Department of State Office of Inspector 
General related to oversight and management of foreign 
assistance for such bureau.
    The Committee is concerned about the Department of State's 
management of appropriated funds within the period of 
availability, including the need to improve fund management to 
avoid expired and canceled funds. The Committee directs the 
Inspector General for the Department of State to conduct an 
audit of the Department's use of appropriated funds prior to 
expiration and cancellation. The audit shall determine whether 
operating units used appropriated funds within the deadlines of 
the appropriations, whether obligations using expired funds 
were made in accordance with Federal requirements, and review 
the closeout process of operating units. The audit should also 
include any findings related to the reasons for any expired or 
canceled funds, identify the root causes for deficiencies and 
determine monetary benefits that could have been achieved if 
contracts and cooperative agreements had been closed in a 
timely manner.
    Section 7007 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for the governments of Cuba, North 
Korea, Iran, and Syria.
    Section 7008 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for countries whose duly elected head of 
government is deposed by military coup or decree, or a coup or 
decree in which the military plays a decisive role; requiring a 
determination; and providing a waiver under certain conditions.
    Section 7009 includes language modified from the prior year 
setting limitations and conditions on transfers between 
appropriations accounts, requiring audits of certain transfers, 
and reporting requirements on transfers for the Department of 
State and USAID.
    Section 7010 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting first-class travel and setting certain limitations 
on computer networks and the promotion of tobacco.
    Section 7011 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding the availability of funds appropriated by this Act 
and new language placing a limitation on the authority until 
the Secretary of State submits the report required under this 
section in the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and 
Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2017 (division J of Public 
Law 115-31).
    Section 7012 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for countries in default and allowing 
exceptions in certain circumstances.
    Section 7013 includes language carried in the prior year 
withholding assistance to a country where such assistance is 
subject to taxation, unless the Secretary of State makes 
certain determinations, and updating a reporting requirement.
    The report required pursuant to subsection (h) shall 
include a description of the steps taken by the Department of 
State and other relevant Federal agencies to comply with the 
requirements of this section. The report shall include rules, 
regulations, and policy guidance issued and updated pursuant to 
subsection (f).
    Section 7014 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding the reservation of funds and the designation of 
certain funding levels.
    Section 7015 includes language modified from the prior year 
establishing the notification requirements for funds made 
available in this Act.
    The Committee notes that all notification requirements 
apply to funds appropriated in title VIII and designated 
pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and 
Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.
    Subsection (g) includes language requiring notification for 
certain trust funds. The Committee directs that such 
notifications include the following information: (1) the office 
or bureau at USAID, the Department of State, or the Department 
of the Treasury that will oversee programs and expenditures of 
the trust fund; (2) the Web site link to publicly available 
expenditures of the trust fund; (3) a copy of the 
administrative agreement between the international finance 
institution (IFI) and the United States, or if not available, a 
draft of the pending agreement; and (4) whether direct 
government assistance will be provided by the trust fund and 
specific risk mitigation and anti-corruption steps being taken 
by the trust fund.
    Not later than 5 days after the conclusion of an agreement 
with a country, including a state with a compact of free 
association with the United States, to receive by transfer or 
release individuals detained at the United States Naval 
Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, the Secretary of State shall 
notify the Committees on Appropriations in writing of the terms 
of the agreement, including whether funds appropriated by this 
Act or prior Acts making appropriations for the Department of 
State, foreign operations, and related programs will be made 
available for assistance for such country pursuant to such 
agreement.
    Section 7016 includes language modified from the prior year 
concerning public posting of reports and documents, records 
management, and cybersecurity. The Secretary of State shall 
include amounts planned for reducing the FOIA and Congressional 
oversight requests backlog in the operating plan required by 
section 7070(a) of this Act.
    Section 7017 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funds for programs in contravention of this Act.
    Section 7018 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funding for abortions and involuntary 
sterilization.
    Section 7019 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding funding directives specified in tables and reporting 
directives in the report accompanying this Act.
    Section 7020 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding the use of representation expenses.
    Section 7021 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for governments that support 
international terrorism.
    Section 7022 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding authorization requirements.
    Section 7023 includes language carried in the prior year 
defining the terms ``program, project, and activity''.
    Section 7024 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding certain authorities for the Peace Corps, IAF, and the 
USADF.
    Section 7025 includes language carried in the prior year 
relating to commerce, trade, and surplus commodities.
    Section 7026 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding the requirement that separate accounts be established 
for cash transfers and assistance that generates local 
currencies and establishing certain conditions on the use of 
those funds.
    Section 7027 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding assistance through nongovernmental organizations and 
assistance provided under the Food for Peace Act.
    Section 7028 includes language modified from the prior year 
conditioning funds provided to local organizations through 
limited competitions.
    Section 7029 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding the compensation level of the United States executive 
director to international financial institutions. The Committee 
directs the Secretary of the Treasury:
          (1) To instruct the United States executive director 
        of each international financial institution to seek to 
        require that such institution adopts and implements a 
        publicly available policy, including the strategic use 
        of peer reviews and external experts, to conduct 
        independent, in-depth evaluations of the effectiveness 
        of at least 25 percent of all loans, grants, programs, 
        and significant analytical non-lending activities in 
        advancing the institution's goals of reducing poverty 
        and promoting equitable economic growth, consistent 
        with relevant safeguards, to ensure that decisions to 
        support such loans, grants, programs, and activities 
        are based on accurate data and objective analysis. Not 
        later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall submit a report to the Committees on 
        Appropriations on steps taken in fiscal year 2018 by 
        the United States executive directors and the 
        international financial institutions on these matters 
        compared to the previous fiscal year.
          (2) To instruct the United States Executive Director 
        of the International Bank for Reconstruction and 
        Development and the International Development 
        Association to vote against any loan, grant, policy, or 
        strategy if such institution has adopted and is 
        implementing any social or environmental safeguard 
        relevant to such loan, grant, policy, or strategy that 
        provides less protection than World Bank safeguards in 
        effect on September 30, 2015.
          (3) To instruct the United States executive director 
        of each international financial institution to vote 
        against loans or other financing for projects unless 
        such projects--
                  a. provide for accountability and 
                transparency, including the collection, 
                verification and publication of beneficial 
                ownership information related to extractive 
                industries and on-site monitoring during the 
                life of the project;
                  b. will be developed and carried out in 
                accordance with best practices regarding 
                environmental conservation; cultural 
                protection; and empowerment of local 
                populations, including free, prior and informed 
                consent of affected indigenous communities;
                  c. do not provide incentives for, or 
                facilitate, forced displacement; and
                  d. do not partner with or otherwise involve 
                enterprises owned or controlled by the armed 
                forces.
          (4) To seek to require that such institution conducts 
        rigorous human rights due diligence and risk 
        management, as appropriate, in connection with any 
        loan, grant, policy, or strategy of such institution. 
        Prior to voting on any such loan, grant, policy, or 
        strategy, the executive director shall consult with the 
        Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights, and 
        Labor, Department of State, if the executive director 
        has reason to believe that such loan, grant, policy, or 
        strategy could result in forced displacement or other 
        violation of human rights.
          (5) To promote in loan, grant, and other financing 
        agreements improvements in borrowing countries' 
        financial management and judicial capacity to 
        investigate, prosecute, and punish fraud and 
        corruption.
          (6) To seek to require that such institution 
        collects, verifies, and publishes, to the maximum 
        extent practicable, beneficial ownership information 
        (excluding proprietary information) for any corporation 
        or limited liability company, other than a publicly 
        listed company, that receives funds from any such 
        financial institution. Not later than 45 days after 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a 
        report to the Committees on Appropriations on steps 
        taken in fiscal year 2018 by the United States 
        executive directors and the international financial 
        institutions on these matters compared to the previous 
        fiscal year.
          (7) To seek to require that each such institution is 
        effectively implementing and enforcing policies and 
        procedures which reflect best practices for the 
        protection of whistleblowers from retaliation, 
        including best practices for--
                  a. protection against retaliation for 
                internal and lawful public disclosure;
                  b. legal burdens of proof;
                  c. statutes of limitation for reporting 
                retaliation;
                  d. access to independent adjudicative bodies, 
                including external arbitration; and
                  e. results that eliminate the effects of 
                proven retaliation.
    Section 7030 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding debt-for-development programs.
    Section 7031 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding management of direct assistance to governments, 
budget transparency of recipient countries, corruption and 
human rights violations, and the foreign assistance Web site.
    In subsection (c), the Committee notes that the Department 
of State has interpreted the term ``significant corruption'' in 
this subsection to be corrupt activities that would result in a 
denial under the 2004 Presidential Proclamation 7750.
    Section 7032 contains language modified from the prior year 
regarding democracy programs funded in this Act. The Committee 
recommendation includes not less than $2,400,000,000 in 
assistance for democracy programs, which is an increase of 
$91,483,000 over the level directed in fiscal year 2018. An 
additional $170,000,000 is provided under National Endowment 
for Democracy. Funds made available pursuant to this section 
are not intended for attribution to other sector or program 
directives included in this Act.
    The Committee includes $10,000,000 from funds made 
available under Economic Support Fund and Democracy Fund for 
the diplomatic and programmatic action plan to support and 
protect civil society activities and journalists who have been 
threatened, harassed, or attacked for peacefully exercising 
their rights of free expression, association, or assembly.
    The Committee supports continued investments in programs 
that enhance the technical capacity of countries to prepare for 
and manage elections, train political parties, educate voters, 
and enhance transparency and accountability.
    The Committee continues support for Department of State and 
USAID independent media and internet freedom programs globally.
    With respect to the provision of assistance made available 
in this Act for democracy programs, the Secretary of State and 
USAID Administrator should prioritize using organizations with 
significant experience implementing such programs and that 
demonstrate successful outcomes.
    Section 7033 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding international religious freedom.
    Subsection (a) designates funds for the Office of 
International Religious Freedom, including for the continued 
development and implementation of an international religious 
freedom curriculum in accordance with section 708 of the 
Foreign Service Act of 1980, as amended by the IRFA.
    Subsection (b)(1) designates not less than $10,000,000 of 
the funds under Democracy Fund be made available for 
international religious freedom programs. The Committee intends 
that these funds be administered at the direction of the 
Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom.
    Subsection (b)(2) designates not less than $10,000,000 from 
funds appropriated under Economic Support Fund for programs to 
document, investigate, and prosecute genocide, crimes against 
humanity, war crimes, and other human rights violations, 
including for programs authorized by section 5 of H.R. 390, the 
Iraq and Syria Genocide Emergency Relief and Accountability Act 
of 2017, as passed by the House of Representatives on June 6, 
2017. The Committee intends that these funds be administered by 
USAID in consultation with the Office of Global Criminal 
Justice, Department of State. Additionally, funds should, to 
the maximum extent practicable, be implemented through non-
governmental organizations.
    Paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) of subsection (b) include 
directives concerning the provision of humanitarian assistance 
for vulnerable and persecuted religious minorities, the support 
of transitional justice programs, and the delivery of 
international broadcasting programs related to religious 
freedom.
    The Committee is troubled by a reported under-
representation of persecuted religious minority populations in 
the United States refugee admissions program. Such reports 
raise questions about whether there are aspects of the 
admissions process that discourage religious minority 
populations from seeking refuge. The Committee encourages the 
State Department to review the process and examine ways to 
improve the process, such as allowing persecuted religious 
populations and victims of genocide to apply directly to the 
United States Refugee Admissions Program, having the initial 
visa applications processed by members of the same ethnic or 
religious community, or language as the applicant.
    The Committee remains concerned for ethnic and religious 
minorities, including Christians, Yezidis, Rohingya, and other 
groups across the globe that have been victims of mass 
atrocities, ethnic cleansing, and genocide. The Committee 
recognizes the benefits of existing psychosocial support 
programs coordinated by the State Department and USAID for 
these groups and individuals and supports the expansion of 
these programs. Furthermore, the Committee encourages the 
prioritization of psychosocial support programs to benefit 
religious and ethnic minorities affected by ISIS, including 
trauma therapy and care for children and survivors of sexual 
slavery, as well as other highly vulnerable populations 
worldwide.
    Section 7034 includes language modified from the prior year 
granting certain special authorities and limitations relating 
to funds made available in this Act.
    Subsection (b)(2) includes language modified from the prior 
year directing not less than $8,000,000 for DNA forensic 
technology to combat human trafficking in Central America and 
Mexico. The Committee notes that DNA forensic science and DNA 
databases have a unique capability to confirm identities and 
have proven to be an effective tool in deterring and preventing 
human trafficking. The Committee expects the Department of 
State to work in partnership to further develop the capacity of 
the governments of Central America and Mexico to utilize DNA 
forensic science and databases to combat trafficking in 
persons. These efforts should include collaboration with local 
law enforcement, civil society, and academic institutions and 
also leverage investments from the private sector. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations, not later than 45 days after 
enactment of this Act, on the use of such funds. The Committee 
expects these funds to be provided through an open and 
competitive process.
    Subsection (j) includes language prohibiting funds 
appropriated in this Act or prior Acts making appropriations 
for the Department of State, foreign operations, and related 
programs, from being made available for a contribution, grant, 
or any other payment to the Green Climate Fund.
    Section 7035 continues language carried in the prior year 
related to the Arab League Boycott of Israel. The Committee is 
concerned about international efforts to stigmatize and isolate 
Israel through the boycott, divestment, and sanctions (BDS) 
movement. The Committee directs, as part of the annual report 
to Congress on the Arab League Boycott of Israel, that the 
President add information about the BDS campaign, covering 
companies, international organizations, countries, and other 
organizations, including state investment vehicles, that are 
involved in promoting the movement, as well as specific steps 
the Department of State has taken and expects to take to 
discourage or end politically-motivated efforts to boycott, 
divest from, or sanction Israel or Israeli entities. The 
Committee further directs the Secretary of State and USAID 
Administrator to strengthen policies and procedures to ensure 
organizations supported through funding are not participants in 
such efforts.
    Section 7036 includes language carried in the prior year 
establishing limitations on the use of funds in support of a 
Palestinian state.
    Section 7037 includes language carried in the prior year 
establishing restrictions on the use of funds for the purpose 
of conducting official United States Government business with 
the Palestinian Authority.
    Section 7038 includes language carried in the prior year 
restricting assistance to the Palestinian Broadcasting 
Corporation.
    Section 7039 includes language carried in the prior year 
placing conditions on assistance for the West Bank and Gaza. 
For the purposes of subsection (c)(1)(A), the prohibition shall 
include any funds provided to family members of Palestinians 
who commit or have committed acts of terrorism if the purpose 
of providing such funds is to recognize or otherwise honor the 
individual who commits or has committed such acts.
    Section 7040 includes language modified from the prior year 
placing limitations on any assistance for the Palestinian 
Authority and regarding Hamas.
    Section 7041 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
    Egypt.--Subsection (a) is modified from the prior year.
    Funds for Egypt are allocated according to the following 
table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                                  EGYPT
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                         Budget  Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................           $150,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..              2,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                     3,000
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              1,800
Foreign Military Financing Program...................          1,300,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................          1,456,800
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee notes a portion of funds appropriated for 
assistance for Egypt in three prior fiscal years remain 
withheld from systems and programs that support Egypt's 
military capabilities, including to combat real and ongoing 
terrorists threats. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to provide regular updates to the Committees on 
Appropriations on the status of funds, including the 
requirements necessary to proceed with such funds, and any 
other impediments to programming such funds unrelated to 
conditions in this and prior Acts making appropriations for the 
Department of State, foreign operations, and related programs.
    Not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State is directed to submit a report to the 
appropriate congressional committees on steps taken by the 
Government of Egypt to--(i) comply with United Nations Security 
Council resolution 2270 and other such resolutions regarding 
North Korea; (ii) govern democratically, including protecting 
freedom of expression, association, and assembly; (iii) advance 
human rights, including protecting the rights of religious 
minorities and women; (iv) improve the transparency and 
accountability of security forces; and (v) dismiss, vacate, or 
otherwise appropriately resolve all unfounded charges and 
convictions associated with democracy-related cases.
    The Committee also urges the Secretary to, as appropriate, 
press the Government of Egypt to expeditiously resolve in a 
fair and just manner the claims arising from the September 13, 
2015 incident involving Egyptian security forces and American 
and Mexican nationals.
    Funds made available for assistance for Egypt under 
Economic Support Fund shall be subject to prior consultation 
with the appropriate congressional committees and the regular 
notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations and 
section 634A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. Such funds 
should be made available for democracy programs and for 
development programs in the Sinai. Such funds may not be made 
available for cash transfer assistance or budget support unless 
the Secretary of State certifies to the appropriate 
congressional committees that the Government of Egypt is taking 
consistent steps to stabilize the economy and implement market-
based reforms.
    The Committee directs that not less than $35,000,000 of the 
funds made available for assistance for Egypt under Economic 
Support Fund should be made available for higher education 
programs, including not less than $10,000,000 for scholarships 
for Egyptian students with high financial need to attend not-
for-profit institutions of higher education in Egypt. Such 
institutions must meet standards equivalent to those required 
for United States institutional accreditation by a regional 
accrediting agency recognized by the United States Department 
of Education. Not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, the USAID Administrator shall consult with the Committees 
on Appropriations on implementation of funds made available for 
scholarships in Egypt.
    The Committee encourages the USAID Administrator to 
implement programs that assist orphans and vulnerable children 
in Egypt, including children from religiously diverse 
populations.
    Iran.--Subsection (b) includes modified language similar to 
the prior year regarding international sanctions.
    For the purposes of the report required by subsection 
(b)(3)(B), the term ``international community'' shall mean the 
UN, the PRC, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the 
United Kingdom, and the European Union.
    Iraq.--Subsection (c) is similar to language carried in the 
prior year regarding the use and distribution of assistance for 
Iraq, including in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq and other areas 
impacted by the conflict in Syria, and among religious and 
ethnic minority populations in Iraq.
    Within the amount provided for assistance for Iraq, the 
recommendation includes funds to support American-style higher 
education institutions in Iraq, including in the Kurdistan 
region, on an open and competitive basis. American educational 
institutions play an important role in educating the next 
generation of leaders in the region, countering extremism, 
strengthening democracy, and encouraging economic 
opportunities. The Secretary of State or USAID Administrator, 
as appropriate, shall include funds to be allocated for this 
purpose in the spend plan submitted pursuant to section 7070(b) 
of this Act.
    The Committee remains concerned about the safe return of 
displaced Iraqi ethnic and religious minorities, including 
Christians, Yezidis, and other groups who have been victimized 
by genocide, to their ancestral homelands in the Nineveh Plain, 
Tel Afar, and Sinjar areas of Iraq. Support for such 
individuals and communities should, to the maximum extent 
practicable, take into account the unique needs and security 
requirements necessary for safe repatriation. The Committee 
directs that not less than $50,000,000 of the funds provided in 
this Act for stabilization and recovery assistance be made 
available for assistance to support the safe return of 
displaced religious and ethnic minorities to their communities 
in Iraq. This funding will build upon ongoing programming in 
support of these efforts, and may include, but is not limited 
to, repair of homes, utilities, and other infrastructure; 
protection of minority communities; forensic and criminal 
justice assistance to identify victims and perpetrators of 
genocide; and psycho-social support for trauma survivors.
    Not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the 
USAID Administrator shall submit a report on the status of the 
modified agreement between USAID and the United Nations 
Development Programme (UNDP) regarding assistance to Iraqis, 
particularly religious and ethnic minorities, to enable them to 
return to their homes in areas liberated from ISIS. One aim of 
the modified agreement was to ensure that the United States 
contribution will help the populations of liberated areas in 
Ninewa Province resume normal lives by restoring community-
prioritized services such as water, electricity, sewage, 
health, and education.
    The Committee continues to support programs to assist 
ethnic and religious minorities, such as the Assyrian/Chaldean/
Syriac people, Yezidis, and others who are victims of 
persecution in the Nineveh Plans and elsewhere in Iraq and 
Syria. Support for these communities should, to the maximum 
extent practicable, be directed to indigenous aid and security 
organizations on the ground in these areas who have a proven 
track record of supporting their local communities. The 
Committee further acknowledges the ongoing need for the 
Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government to 
integrate these communities into the civil and security 
infrastructure while working towards reconciliation of past and 
current transgressions which have led to marginalization of 
Iraq's most vulnerable communities.
    The Committee encourages the State Department to work with 
the relevant federal agency partners to expedite the processing 
of the backlog of Iraqi Special Immigrant Visa (SIV) 
applications. The Committee notes the critical role of the SIV 
program in assisting the United States mission in Afghanistan 
and urges the Committees of jurisdiction to review the needs of 
this program. The current situation is unacceptable as many 
family members of SIV holders have waited more than five years 
without any notification from the Departments of State or 
Homeland Security on the status or timeline of their visa 
applications. The Committee also encourages the State 
Department to expand the days and hours of operation for 
consular services in Erbil to accommodate the demand of 
persecuted populations in Northern Iraq. The State Department 
must provide adequate opportunity with a normal operating 
schedule so vulnerable populations have reasonable access to 
the programs available to them.
    The Committee understands that the diplomatic note 
governing the United States presence in the Republic of Iraq 
provides no legal or economic protections for United States 
contractors supporting the American national security mission 
in Iraq. The Committee is concerned that the lack of such 
protections fosters the excessive and arbitrary application and 
enforcement of tax payments on United States companies and 
personnel supporting operations in Iraq and compromises the 
integrity and capability of the Iraqi tax authorities to fairly 
assess and collect taxes. The Committee appreciates the State 
Department's recent attention to this issue and encourages the 
Department to seek an immediate solution that will provide 
legal and economic protections for United States personnel 
supporting national security contracts in Iraq.
    Jordan.--Subsection (d) includes language carried in the 
prior year designating funding levels for Jordan.
    The Committee recommendation includes not less than 
$1,525,000,000 for assistance for Jordan. Funds for Jordan are 
allocated according to the following table and subject to 
section 7019 of this Act:

                                 JORDAN
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................         $1,082,400
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                    13,600
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              4,000
Foreign Military Financing Program...................            425,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................          1,525,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee notes the importance of the relationship with 
the Kingdom of Jordan and the strong leadership that Jordan 
continues to play in advancing peace and stability in the 
region and in the ongoing campaign to defeat ISIS. The United 
States should continue to support critical economic aid and to 
provide the assistance needed to ensure Jordan's success in 
coalition operations, including to strengthen Jordan's borders 
with Iraq and Syria.
    The Committee supports the goals and objectives of 
establishing an Enterprise Fund for Jordan, consistent with 
H.R. 2646 as passed by the House of Representatives on February 
5, 2018. Funds may be made available for such purpose from 
funds under Economic Support Fund, in addition to amounts 
designated under this heading.
    Lebanon.--Subsection (e) is modified from the prior year by 
deleting language making Economic Support Fund available 
notwithstanding a certain provision of law.
    Libya.--Subsection (f) is modified from the prior year by 
deleting a funding directive and language on infrastructure 
projects.
    The Committee notes with concern the occurrence of forced 
labor and modern day slavery in Libya and expects that 
assistance be made available to combat these practices.
    Morocco.--Subsection (g) includes language modified from 
the prior year.
    The Committee recommendation includes not less than 
$39,500,000 for assistance for Morocco. Funds for Morocco are 
allocated according to the following table and subject to 
section 7019 of this Act:

                                 MOROCCO
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................            $20,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..              5,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                     2,500
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              2,000
Foreign Military Financing Program...................             10,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................             39,500
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommendation makes funds available for 
assistance for any region or territory administered by Morocco, 
including the Western Sahara. The Committee expects funds to 
support democratic reforms and economic development. The 
Committee remains concerned by the failure to resolve the 
longstanding dispute over the Western Sahara and the protracted 
refugee situation in the Polisario-run camps near Tindouf, 
Algeria. The Committee believes that the Secretary of State 
should pursue a negotiated settlement to the dispute, based on 
a formula of autonomy under Moroccan sovereignty. These 
redoubled diplomatic efforts can lead to a realistic and 
lasting settlement, the completion of a UN peacekeeping mission 
that has existed for over 26 years, and a more stable region. 
The Committee also encourages the Administration to support 
private sector investment in the Western Sahara. The Committee 
recommendation includes a requirement to consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on all of these issues not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act.
    Refugee Assistance in North Africa.--Subsection (h) 
includes language similar to the prior year regarding refugee 
assistance in North Africa. The Committee notes that the UN 
Security Council (UNSC), through adoption of UNSC resolution 
2351, reiterated its request for consideration of a refugee 
registration in the Tindouf refugee camps and emphasized 
efforts be made in this regard. The Committee supports funds 
being made available to support such efforts. Given the 
unprecedented demand for humanitarian assistance globally, the 
Committee emphasizes the need for transparency and 
accountability of humanitarian resources.
    Stabilization and recovery assistance.--Subsection (i) 
designates funding in this Act under Economic Support Fund, 
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement, 
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and Related 
Programs, Peacekeeping Operations, and Foreign Military 
Financing Program that are reserved for stabilization and 
recovery assistance. These funds are in addition to amounts 
directed in this Act for bilateral assistance. Funds for 
stabilization and recovery assistance are designated in 
accordance with the following table and subject to section 7019 
of this Act.

                  STABILIZATION AND RECOVERY ASSISTANCE
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................           $120,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..             10,000
    Transitional Justice.............................            [5,000]
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                    25,000
 Related Programs....................................
Peacekeeping Operations..............................             25,000
Foreign Military Financing Program...................             25,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................            205,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Syria.--Subsection (j) is modified by limiting the 
authority related to non-lethal assistance to address the needs 
of civilians affected by conflict in Syria to title III funds, 
by deleting paragraph (2) on explosive ordnance disposal 
programs and paragraph (3) on Syrian organizations, and by 
adding paragraph (2) on a funding limitation for assistance in 
areas of Syria controlled by the government led by Bashar al-
Assad or associated forces, except for humanitarian assistance.
    The Committee remains concerned about the lengthy 
displacement of Syrians and the ongoing burden they face, as 
well as the continued strain Syrian refugees are placing on 
host communities. The Committee urges the Department of State 
to continue to: (1) assist host countries expand their national 
systems to accommodate refugee needs; (2) increase host country 
capacity to deliver basic services to their own citizens; (3) 
strengthen the ability of local governments to respond to the 
refugee influx; (4) employ policies and programs to close gaps 
in distribution of need-based aid to at-risk minority 
populations; and (5) ensure that refugees have freedom of 
movement and meaningful access to economic opportunity.
    Tunisia.--Subsection (k) includes language carried in the 
prior year related to funding levels for Tunisia.
    Funds for Tunisia are allocated according to the following 
table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                                 TUNISIA
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................            $79,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..             13,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                     6,100
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              2,300
Foreign Military Financing Program...................            105,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................            205,400
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    West Bank and Gaza.--Subsection (l), West Bank and Gaza, is 
modified from the prior year by deleting the waiver authority 
with respect to the International Criminal Court requirements 
and modifying a funding reduction. The report required in 
paragraph (3) shall include steps taken by the Secretary of 
State as well as the Palestinian Authority to end the practice 
of payments to individuals imprisoned for acts of terrorism.
    The Committee understands the Administration is conducting 
a comprehensive review of assistance for the West Bank and 
Gaza. Not later than 30 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State is directed to provide the Committees on 
Appropriations a report detailing the status of, and any 
conclusions produced by, this review.
    Yemen.--The Committee remains concerned about the 
significant humanitarian needs in Yemen and the lack of 
consistent access to allow relief to be provided in Yemen. Not 
later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of State, in consultation with the USAID Administrator, shall 
submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations that 
addresses delivery of humanitarian assistance, including access 
for humanitarian organizations to deliver assistance; the 
capacity of Yemeni ports to receive commercial and humanitarian 
goods; and the conditions required to transition from 
humanitarian assistance to longer-term development assistance. 
The Committee also recognizes the importance of fuel to 
alleviating the humanitarian crisis and urges the Secretary of 
State to press for access, including for food and fuel, into 
all Red Sea Ports, which are critical lifelines for the Yemeni 
population.
    Strategy requirement.--The Committee notes the important 
role the countries of North Africa play with respect to global 
security and stability. The Secretary of State should 
prioritize issues affecting the future of these countries and 
ensure adequate diplomatic and assistance resources are made 
available to support their needs. Not later than 60 days after 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Defense, shall submit an update to the 
strategy on United States engagement in North Africa required 
pursuant to section 7041(i) of the State, Foreign Operations, 
and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2018 (division K of 
Public Law 115-141). The Secretary is also directed to ensure 
sufficient funds are made available to support such strategy in 
the report required pursuant to section 653a of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961.
    Section 7042 includes modified language from the prior year 
regarding assistance for Africa. The Committee acknowledges 
that global development, diplomacy and defense are pertinent to 
protecting United States national security and advancing United 
States policy toward Africa. The Committee also recognizes that 
the underlying causes of instability and conflict in the 
region, including extreme poverty, poor health, food 
insecurity, and environmental degradation, are critical areas 
for United States involvement through foreign assistance. The 
Committee reaffirms that sustainable development, economic 
growth, human rights, and humanitarian assistance in Africa are 
important to national security interests of the United States 
and remain critical investments in the prosperity and security 
throughout the continent.
    Africa counterterrorism.--Funds for counterterrorism 
partnerships in Africa are allocated according to the following 
tables and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

          PARTNERSHIP FOR REGIONAL EAST AFRICA COUNTERTERRORISM
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................             $2,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..              2,580
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                    11,150
 Related Programs....................................
Peacekeeping Operations..............................             10,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................             25,730
------------------------------------------------------------------------


                TRANS-SAHARA COUNTERTERRORISM PARTNERSHIP
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Development Assistance...............................            $15,275
Economic Support Fund................................             10,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..             10,032
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                    18,446
 Related Programs....................................
Peacekeeping Operations..............................             40,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................             93,753
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Boko Haram.--The Committee notes with concern the ongoing 
attacks on civilians by Boko Haram and related food insecurity. 
The Committee directs that funds be made available at not less 
than the fiscal year 2017 level for protection of civilian 
populations and to support victims of violence from Boko Haram. 
The Committee encourages USAID to address the unique needs of 
these victims, especially women and girls, in its programming. 
Funds made available in this Act for Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and 
Nigeria may be used for counterterrorism programs, specifically 
to combat Boko Haram and other violent extremist organizations. 
The Committee also encourages continued support for 
development, democracy, health and governance activities in 
these countries as effective strategies to counter violent 
extremism.
    Central African Republic.--The Committee supports efforts 
that have been made by the United States, UN, African Union, 
and the governments of Central Africa to achieve a political 
resolution to conflict and provide life-saving humanitarian 
assistance to communities in Central Africa, but notes that 
these efforts must be coordinated. As such, not later than 60 
days after enactment of this Act, the Committee directs the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with the USAID 
Administrator, to submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees that includes the following elements: 
(1) a description of the diplomatic engagement necessary to 
work with other international partners, such as the European 
Union and World Bank, to ensure coordinated assistance to the 
Central African Republic; (2) an assessment of the UN 
peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic; and (3) a 
description of the Department of State's approach to reduce 
violence by the Lord's Resistance Army.
    Electrify Africa.--The Committee supports continued funding 
to carry out the objectives of the Electrify Africa Act of 2015 
(P.L. 114-121).
    Liberia.--The Committee supports continued funding for 
Liberia consistent with prior year levels, including for 
programs that strengthen democratic institutions and good 
governance.
    Section 7043 includes language modified from the prior year 
containing limitations, directives, and authorities for 
diplomatic and development activities and programs in Asia and 
Pacific.
    Burma.--The Committee recommendation continues the 
authority and funding for economic and development assistance 
for the people of Burma, but prohibits funding for Foreign 
Military Financing Program and International Military Education 
and Training. The Committee provides assistance to address the 
needs of displaced communities on the Thai-Burma border. The 
Committee recognizes a transition is underway in Burma that may 
require adjustments in programming to these communities and 
directs the USAID Administrator to consult with the Committee 
on any proposed changes in levels or types of assistance 
provided. The Committee supports funds for global health 
programs in Burma.
    The Committee is concerned about the repeated assaults on 
freedom of the press in Burma and supports assistance for 
programs to strengthen independent media.
    Laos.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
continue to consult with the Secretary of Defense on the level 
of cooperation that the Government of Laos provides to recover 
the remains of and account for missing United States personnel 
and to notify the Committees on Appropriations of any unfilled 
Department of Defense requests.
    Philippines.--Extrajudicial killings in the Philippines, 
including those committed in the conduct of the anti-drug 
campaign, erode confidence in the Government of the 
Philippines' commitment to human rights, due process, and the 
rule of law. The Committee recognizes the need to remain 
engaged with the Philippine government and expects the 
Department of State to strictly monitor United States 
assistance, including Foreign Military Financing, with respect 
to the accountability and professionalism of security force 
personnel.
    Funding under title III of this Act is available to support 
the implementation by the Philippine Department of Health and 
local entities of a national and community-based drug treatment 
and demand reduction program. Such funds shall be made 
available on a cost-matching basis, to the maximum extent 
practicable, and following consultation with the appropriate 
congressional committees.
    Vietnam.--The Committee recommendation includes $55,500,000 
under Development Assistance for Vietnam. The Committee expects 
that funds appropriated under Educational and Cultural Exchange 
Programs and Development Assistance will support activities 
authorized by section 211 of the Vietnam Education Foundation 
Act of 2000, as amended.
    Section 7044 includes language modified from the prior year 
containing limitations, directives, and authorities for 
diplomatic and development activities and programs in South and 
Central Asia and for regional programs.
    Afghanistan.--The authority referenced in section 
7044(a)(3)(B) shall not be exercised unless the Secretary of 
State, in consultation with the USAID Administrator, reports to 
the Committees on Appropriations that: (1) adequate financial 
controls and oversight are in place, including monitoring of 
project implementation and resource disbursements in all parts 
of the country; and (2) that the recipient has established 
regular, transparent, and comprehensive reporting procedures 
regarding the use of United States assistance.
    The Committee notes the strategy for United States 
engagement in Afghanistan required pursuant to the State, 
Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
2017, includes political settlement with the Taliban as its 
ultimate goal. Therefore, no later than 90 days after the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report on progress 
made to date in achieving such goal and detailed information, 
in classified form if necessary, on specific steps to be taken 
to encourage a political resolution of the conflict in 
Afghanistan.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report, in classified form if necessary, not later than 30 days 
after enactment of this Act and every 120 days thereafter until 
September 30, 2020, detailing by agency the number of personnel 
present in Afghanistan under Chief of Mission authority per 
section 3927 of title 22, United States Code, at the end of the 
120 day period preceding the submission of such report. The 
report shall also include the number of locally employed staff 
and contractors supporting United States Embassy operations in 
Afghanistan during the reporting period.
    The Committee notes the significant needs of children of 
incarcerated mothers that are often required to live in prison 
with them. The Committee directs that funds be made available 
at not less than prior year levels for child support centers 
that provide safe shelter, mental and physical care, education, 
and other support to children who would otherwise be imprisoned 
with their mothers in Afghanistan.
    Bangladesh.--The Secretary of State shall submit a report, 
not later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act, to the 
Committees on Appropriations on the extent to which the 
Government of Bangladesh is: supporting human rights; 
implementing policies to protect freedom of expression, 
association, and religion, and due process of law; and ensuring 
free, fair, and participatory elections. The Committee directs 
that funds made available by this Act for assistance for 
Bangladesh include programs to improve labor conditions in 
readymade garment, shrimp, and fish industries.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State and USAID 
Administrator to provide for humanitarian assistance to help 
displaced Rohingya who have fled from Burma to Bangladesh.
    Pakistan.--In submitting the information required in 
subsection (b)(1)(B), the Secretary of State shall include a 
description of the steps taken by the Government of Pakistan 
to: (1) conduct military operations that significantly disrupt 
the safe havens, fundraising and recruiting efforts, and 
freedom of movement of domestic and foreign terrorist 
organizations, including the Haqqani Network, in Pakistan; (2) 
demonstrate its commitment to prevent domestic and foreign 
terrorist organizations, including the Haqqani Network, from 
using any Pakistan territory as a safe haven and for 
fundraising and recruiting efforts; (3) coordinate with the 
Government of Afghanistan to restrict the movement of 
militants, such as the Haqqani Network, along the Afghanistan-
Pakistan border; (4) arrest and prosecute senior leaders and 
mid-level operatives of domestic and foreign terrorist 
organizations; and (5) prevent the proliferation of nuclear-
related materials and expertise.
    The Committee includes funds under International Narcotics 
Control and Law Enforcement for the recruitment, retention, and 
professionalization of women in the police forces in countries 
in South and Central Asia, including $5,000,000 for Pakistan.
    South and Central Asia Regional Programs.--The Committee 
supports regional economic integration programs that support 
transit, trade, and energy linkages in the region and increase 
economic growth and stability by expanding trade through 
neighboring countries.
    Section 7045 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding programs and funding for countries in Latin America 
and the Caribbean.
    Caribbean.--The Committee recommendation supports 
activities to combat organized crime and drug-related violence 
in a region particularly susceptible to the drug trade. Funds 
for the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative are allocated 
according to the following table and subject to section 7019 of 
this Act:

                   CARIBBEAN BASIN SECURITY INITIATIVE
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................            $25,250
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..             25,250
Foreign Military Financing Program...................              7,500
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................             58,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Committee directs the Secretary of State, in coordination with 
the USAID Administrator, to provide to the Committees on 
Appropriations a report on the uses of all funds provided for 
the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative on a country-by-country 
basis for each program, project, and activity for fiscal years 
2010 through 2018, and integrate such information into the 
ForeignAssistance.gov Web site, as appropriate.
    The Committee supports programs to increase the resilience 
of countries to emergencies and natural disasters in the 
Caribbean.
    Central America.--The United States Strategy for Engagement 
in Central America (Strategy) was released following the 
migration crises at the southwest border of the United States 
in 2014. The Department of State, Foreign Operations and 
Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2017, required the 
Secretary of State to review and update the Strategy, which was 
submitted to Congress in 2017. Subsection (a) provides that up 
to $595,000,000 may be made available for assistance for 
countries in Central America to implement the updated Strategy. 
Such funds are allocated according to the following table and 
subject to section 7019 of this Act:

        UNITED STATES STRATEGY FOR ENGAGEMENT IN CENTRAL AMERICA
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Account/Program                      Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Health Programs...............................            $12,000
    Guatemala........................................             12,000
Development Assistance...............................            200,000
    Transfer to Inter-American Foundation............             10,000
Economic Support Fund................................            124,400
    Central America Regional Security Initiative.....            124,400
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..            222,500
    Central American Regional Security Initiative....            222,500
        Costa Rica...................................           [32,500]
        International Commission against Impunity in             [6,000]
         Guatemala...................................
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                       500
 Related Programs....................................
    Panama...........................................                500
International Military Education and Training........              4,100
    Costa Rica.......................................                725
Foreign Military Financing Program...................             31,500
    Costa Rica.......................................              7,500
                                                      ------------------
        Total, United States Strategy for Engagement             595,000
         in Central America..........................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Subsection (a)(1) also requires that funds be made 
available on a cost-matching basis. The Committee notes that 
funding provided in this Act represents the fifth fiscal year 
of resources provided to implement the Strategy.
    Subsection (a)(2) continues the requirement for a multi-
year spend plan to be submitted prior to the obligation of 
funds and as described under this subsection in fiscal year 
2018 (as described in the explanatory statement accompanying 
division K of Public Law 115-141). The Committee recommendation 
provides the Secretary of State with the flexibility to 
allocate funds among countries, particularly countries in the 
Northern Triangle. The Committee expects the Secretary to 
allocate such funds based on the progress made by a country 
under the Strategy and the central government's commitment to 
reform. The Secretary is directed to specify proposed country 
levels and include a discussion of such matters in the spend 
plan.
    Subsection (a)(3) includes modified language withholding 
half of the assistance made available for each of the central 
governments of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, unless the 
Secretary of State certifies and reports that such government 
is meeting certain conditions. The Committee notes that such 
conditions have helped maintain focus on reform and 
accountability. The Secretary should consider progress made by 
each central government in meeting similar conditions in prior 
years when allocating funds in the spend plan.
    In making the certification under subsection (a)(3), the 
Secretary of State should consider the following: (1) relating 
to subparagraph (G), whether the government is increasing the 
capacity and independence of the judiciary and the Office of 
the Attorney General, including on civil, criminal, and tax 
matters, and whether the government is implementing 
international best practices to ensure appropriate due process; 
(2) relating to subparagraph (J), whether the government is 
investigating and prosecuting in the civilian justice system 
government personnel, including military and police personnel, 
who are credibly alleged to have violated human rights, and 
ensuring that such personnel are cooperating in such cases; (3) 
relating to subparagraph (N), whether the government is 
protecting the right of members of civil society to operate 
without interference, including journalists, trade unionists, 
and human rights defenders; (4) relating to subparagraph (O), 
whether the government is implementing tax reforms that 
increase government revenue and transparency in the tax 
collection system, and strengthen customs agencies; (5) 
relating to subparagraph (P), whether the government is 
resolving commercial disputes between United States entities 
and such government, including the confiscation of real 
property, and increasing the timeliness of reimbursements to 
United States business entities. The Secretary is directed to 
include such information in the report to accompany this 
certification.
    The Committee is concerned about the length of time it has 
taken in prior years for the Department of State to meet the 
oversight requirements provided for in this subsection. The 
Secretary of State is directed to submit the spend plan 
required by subsection (a)(2) not later than 60 days after 
enactment of this Act, and to take other steps in order to 
obligate funds in a timely manner, particularly with respect to 
funds not subject to the requirements of subsection (a)(3).
    Not later than 60 days after enactment of this Act and 
prior to the submission of the spend plan required by 
subsection (a)(2), the Secretary of State, in coordination with 
the USAID Administrator, shall issue a progress report based on 
the plan for monitoring and evaluation for the Strategy. The 
report shall be submitted to the appropriate congressional 
committees and the information contained in the report shall be 
posted to the Department of State and USAID Web sites. The 
Secretary of State should consider progress made by a country 
when allocating funds in the spend plan.
    The Committee recommendation supports efforts to strengthen 
the rule of law by combating corruption and impunity in Central 
America. Within the total funding provided for the Strategy, 
not less than $30,000,000 is for the International Commission 
against Impunity in Guatemala, the Mission to Support the Fight 
against Corruption and Impunity in Honduras, and the offices of 
the Attorneys General/Public Ministries of El Salvador, 
Guatemala, and Honduras. In allocating funds, the Secretary of 
State should consider each organization's capacity, record, and 
commitment to the rule of law. The Secretary shall specify 
proposed levels for each individual organization in the spend 
plan.
    The Committee recommendation maintains congressional 
notification requirements for Guatemala, El Salvador, and 
Honduras and directs that such notifications: (1) indicate 
whether funds will support current or new programs, the central 
government of such country, an international financial 
institution, or an organization listed in the preceding 
paragraph; (2) describe the cost-matching arrangements made 
pursuant to subsection (a)(1); and (3) describe how programs 
align with the Strategy and the plan for monitoring and 
evaluation, including the program and context indicators for 
each program described in the notification. Congressional 
notifications submitted for the International Commission 
Against Impunity in Guatemala and the Mission to Support the 
Fight against Corruption and Impunity in Honduras shall also 
specify the activities to be supported, the planned agency 
oversight of such funds, and a brief description of the 
activities and investigations undertaken by the entity during 
the previous six months.
    The Committee believes that citizen security is a 
prerequisite for long-term development and sustained economic 
growth in the region and includes $346,900,000 for CARSI. The 
Committee notes that CARSI was established by Congress to take 
a comprehensive approach to the myriad of problems such as 
youth violence and gangs, organized crime, drug trafficking and 
other forms of criminality and violence in Central America. 
CARSI programs are intended to bolster border security; counter 
criminal gangs, drug traffickers and organized crime; combat 
human smuggling and trafficking; provide training for law 
enforcement; and provide crime prevention programs that target 
at-risk youth. The Committee expects that the Administration, 
as it implements CARSI, will ensure that it includes sufficient 
funding for prevention and for institutional strengthening of 
police, prosecutors, and judicial systems. The Committee also 
supports efforts to increase the capacity and geographic reach 
of local wildlife law enforcement and park rangers in border 
forest communities in order to protect the rights of indigenous 
and forest communities and halt the illegal movement of people, 
drugs, weapons, and natural resources across unregulated 
borders.
    The Committee is concerned about widespread sexual and 
gender-based violence in the Northern Triangle and supports 
programs to expand school-based prevention programs, increase 
the capacity of law enforcement to investigate and prosecute 
such cases, and provide protection and services to survivors. 
The Committee supports programs to reduce domestic abuse and 
help survivors of such abuse.
    The Committee recommendation provides resources above the 
prior year to support Costa Rica's efforts to disrupt the flow 
of illicit drugs and dismantle organized criminal groups. The 
Committee notes that in 2016, Costa Rican authorities seized 
over 24 metric tons of cocaine, a 44 percent increase over the 
prior year.
    Not later than 45 days after the enactment of this Act, the 
Committee directs the Secretary of State, in coordination with 
the USAID Administrator, to provide to the Committees on 
Appropriations a report on the uses of all funds provided for 
CARSI on a country-by-country basis for each program, project, 
and activity for fiscal years 2010 through 2018, and integrate 
such information into the ForeignAssistance.gov Web site, as 
appropriate.
    The Committee notes that in order to incentivize and 
attract foreign investment, Northern Triangle countries must 
aggressively combat corruption and impunity and work to create 
a positive business climate that enforces the rule of law and 
respects due process. The Committee encourages business groups 
in the United States and Northern Triangle countries to 
contribute to these efforts and encourages them to pursue their 
goals of strengthening the economies through a commitment 
towards economic growth, entrepreneurship, investments, 
fighting corruption, job creation, and the reduction of 
migration, malnutrition, and poverty.
    Funds provided under Development Assistance for rural 
development programs should include support for small scale and 
subsistence farmers, with attention to women's access to 
credit, building local markets and increasing local capacity. 
Funding transferred from Development Assistance to Inter-
American Foundation should only be used for assistance for 
countries in the Northern Triangle and such programs should be 
included in the plan for monitoring and evaluation of the 
Strategy.
    The Committee recommendation does not include funds under 
title IV of this Act for Nicaragua. Any funding provided for 
Nicaragua in this Act should be made available for programs 
that promote democracy and the rule of law. No funds are 
provided for the central government of Nicaragua. The Committee 
notes that funds for Nicaragua are subject to the notification 
requirements of section 7015 of this Act.
    Colombia.--The Committee supports Colombia's efforts to 
counter illicit crop cultivation and narcotics trafficking, 
enhance security and stability, strengthen and expand 
governance and access to services, and establish a lasting and 
durable peace. The Committee recognizes the strategic 
importance of Colombia and notes the improvements made in the 
everyday lives of the Colombian people over the last two 
decades. The Committee remains concerned, however, about the 
significant levels of coca production and trafficking and the 
continued violence associated with the drug trade.
    Subsection (b)(1) provides that not less than $391,250,000 
should be made available for assistance for Colombia. The 
Committee may adjust assistance for Colombia as the 
appropriation process proceeds.
    The Committee is concerned with the spillover effects from 
turmoil in Venezuela and its impact on Colombia and other 
countries in the region. Subsection (b)(1) includes modified 
language supporting the efforts of the Government of Colombia 
to assist communities impacted by significant refugee or 
migrant populations. In addition, the Committee recommendation 
assumes that up to $7,000,000 of funds available under Economic 
Support Fund will be transferred to Migration and Refugee 
Assistance, as in prior years, to augment support to 
nongovernmental and international organizations that provide 
assistance to Colombian refugees in neighboring countries.
    The Committee encourages funding for Colombian civil 
society, programs to support truth and reconciliation, victims 
support, the protection of human rights defenders and other 
vulnerable groups, peacebuilding, and verification of the 
implementation of the accords. The Committee encourages support 
for the Colombia Attorney General's Human Rights Unit and the 
Special Unit to Dismantle Organized Crime and Paramilitary 
Successor Groups. The Committee recommendation also continues 
support for programs to assist Afro-Colombians and indigenous 
communities.
    Subsection (b)(2) continues the prohibition on payment of 
reparations to conflict victims or compensation to demobilized 
combatants associated with a peace agreement with funds made 
available by this Act.
    Subsection (b)(3) continues the requirement for a multi-
year spend plan to be submitted prior to the obligation of 
funds and as described under this subsection required in fiscal 
year 2018 (as described in the explanatory statement 
accompanying division K of Public Law 115-141).
    The Committee remains concerned about the significant 
increase in coca production in Colombia and supports the goal 
of halving such production in five years. Subsection (b)(4) 
continues the withholding of assistance until the Secretary of 
State certifies and reports the Government of Colombia has 
reduced overall illicit drug cultivation, production, and 
trafficking. The report to accompany such certification shall 
include metrics and related information to support such 
certification.
    The Committee encourages a continued focus on justice and 
rule of law activities, including within the Colombian Armed 
Forces. Not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State is directed to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations on these issues. The report should 
include steps taken by the Government of Colombia to: (1) 
subject cases involving members of the Colombian military who 
have been credibly alleged to have violated human rights to 
civilian jurisdiction; (2) uphold its international obligations 
by holding accountable persons responsible for crimes against 
humanity, war crimes, and other gross violations of human 
rights; (3) continue to dismantle illegal armed groups; and (4) 
take effective steps to protect the rights of human rights 
defenders, and indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities.
    No funds appropriated or otherwise made available for 
assistance for Colombia by this Act and prior Acts making 
appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, 
and related programs may be made available for the 
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) or the National 
Liberation Army in Colombia, as such entities are designated as 
foreign terrorist organizations pursuant to section 219 of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189).
    The Committee would support a transfer of up to $5,000,000 
from Development Assistance to the Inter-American Foundation if 
the Secretary of State, in coordination with the USAID 
Administrator, determines that such a transfer would further 
advance United States development goals in Colombia, subject to 
prior consultation with the Committees on Appropriations.
    Cuba.--Direction on democracy programs for Cuba is included 
under Economic Support Fund.
    Haiti.--Subsection (d) withholds funding for assistance for 
the central Government of Haiti unless the Secretary of State 
certifies and reports that the Government of Haiti is taking 
certain steps.
    The Committee remains concerned about the lack of progress 
in self-reliance and governance in Haiti and encourages the 
Secretary of State and USAID Administrator to prioritize 
programs that build towards long-term sustainability. In 
accordance with subsection (d)(2), the review shall examine 
programs funded since the 2010 earthquake to determine whether 
such programs were sustained, reasons why such programs were or 
were not sustained, and recommendations for current and future 
programing in order to increase program sustainability. The 
Secretary and USAID Administrator shall consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on these matters not later than 30 
days after enactment of this Act.
    The Committee is concerned with the lack of border security 
between Haiti and the Dominican Republic, which undermines 
legitimate trade, fosters instability, and inhibits efforts to 
regenerate markets and provide foreign assistance. The 
Committee urges the Secretary of State to work with the 
Governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic to develop a 
strategy for enhancing border security, including through 
assistance provided for such countries under this Act.
    Mexico.--The Committee recommendation provides funding 
under International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement to 
combat transnational organized crime, increase border security, 
promote the rule of law, and reduce the flow of illicit 
narcotics into the United States. The recommendation includes 
$20,000,000 above the prior year to assist the Government of 
Mexico in securing its borders and combatting poppy cultivation 
and heroin and synthetic drug production. Congressional 
notifications for assistance for Mexico submitted pursuant to 
section 7015 shall include a description of such programs and 
activities.
    The Committee notes the efforts of the Government of Mexico 
to address the migration of unaccompanied, undocumented minors 
from Central America traveling to the United States. The 
Committee recommendation includes funding to continue to 
support efforts to secure Mexico's borders and encourages a 
continued focus on Mexico's southern border with Guatemala and 
Belize.
    Funding provided under Economic Support Fund should support 
justice reform, promote good governance, promote human rights, 
implement crime and violence prevention programs, and 
facilitate United States-Mexico trade and investment. The 
Committee recognizes that the United States and Mexico face 
difficult challenges in securing our shared border while 
facilitating the efficient flow of commerce and trade. The 
Committee believes that efforts to address these challenges 
could be strengthened through the development of common or 
complementary approaches in areas of mutual interest such as 
border security and law enforcement. The Committee encourages 
the Department of State, in cooperation with other United 
States Government agencies, to explore new opportunities for 
cooperation with Mexican authorities, including training 
opportunities by state and local law enforcement entities in 
the United States.
    Not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations regarding efforts by the Government of Mexico 
to: (1) thoroughly and credibly investigate and prosecute 
violations of human rights in civilian courts, including the 
killings at Tlatlaya in June 2014 and the disappearance of 43 
students at Ayotzinapa in September 2014, in accordance with 
Mexican law; (2) vigorously enforce prohibitions against 
torture and the use of testimony obtained through torture; and 
(3) search for the victims of forced disappearances and 
credibly investigate and prosecute those responsible for such 
crimes.
    The Committee urges the Secretary of State to engage in 
negotiations with Mexico to seek the return of items of 
historical value, including to facilitate the repatriation of a 
flag which was flown at the battle of the Alamo.
    Venezuela.--Subsection (e) provides not less than 
$15,000,000 for programs to promote democracy and the rule of 
law in Venezuela. No funds are provided for the central 
government of Venezuela. The Committee notes that funds for 
Venezuela are subject to the notification requirements of 
section 7015 of this Act.
    Other Matters.--The Committee is concerned about attacks 
and assassinations of journalists, human rights defenders, and 
social leaders in Latin America, and recommends continued 
support for programs to help protect them and investigate the 
perpetrators of these crimes.
    Funds provided under International Narcotics Control and 
Law Enforcement for Western Hemisphere Regional Security 
Cooperation are in addition to amounts otherwise provided for 
bilateral and regional programs under that heading.
    Section 7046 includes language regarding Europe and 
Eurasia.
    Georgia.--Subsection (a)(1) provides not less than 
$105,325,000 for assistance for Georgia. Such funds are 
allocated according to the following table and subject to 
section 7019 of this Act:

                                 GEORGIA
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                         Budget  Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia......            $63,025
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..              4,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                     1,100
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              2,200
Foreign Military Financing Program...................             35,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................            105,325
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommendation supports programs to increase 
Georgia's resilience in the face of Russian influence and 
aggression, including by strengthening Georgia's defense 
capabilities.
    The Committee notes that over the years economic reforms 
made by the Government of Georgia have resulted in strong 
economic growth and foreign investment from the United States, 
benefiting both countries. The Committee believes it is 
critical that public and private Georgian entities continue to 
adhere to their contractual obligations with United States 
businesses and expects the Secretary of State to assist 
American businesses in Georgia who face challenges. Not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
State shall submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations 
regarding the business environment in Georgia, any significant 
ongoing commercial disputes between the Government of Georgia 
and United States entities, and steps taken by the United 
States government to assist in the resolution of such issues.
    Ukraine.--Subsection (a)(2) provides not less than 
$441,000,000 for assistance for Ukraine. Such funds are 
allocated according to the following table and subject to 
section 7019 of this Act:

                                 UKRAINE
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Health Programs...............................            $33,000
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia......            250,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..             30,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                    15,000
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              3,000
Foreign Military Financing Program...................            110,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................            441,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommendation supports Ukraine's capacity to 
counter Russian influence and aggression, and advances 
Ukraine's capacity to integrate into Western markets and 
political, security, and defense institutions.
    The Committee recommendation provides funding above the 
prior year under Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and 
Related Programs to support the removal of landmines and other 
explosive remnants of war, which, according to the UN, were the 
second highest cause of civilian casualties in 2017.
    The Committee urges the Government of Ukraine to undertake 
additional reforms to combat corruption, including passage of 
legislation to establish an independent anti-corruption court. 
Not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations on reforms undertaken or planned by the 
Government of Ukraine to fight corruption, and United States 
assistance and programs that support these efforts.
    The Committee supports efforts to help Ukraine diversify 
its energy sources and reduce dependency on Russia and urges 
the Secretary of State to promote reforms in this area. The 
Committee also encourages the Department of State to increase 
cyber cooperation with Ukraine to increase its readiness 
against cyber-attacks.
    The Committee remains concerned about the humanitarian 
needs of those displaced due to the conflict and encourages the 
Secretary of State and USAID Administrator to support such 
needs, including access to mental health services for youth and 
vulnerable populations. The Committee also supports efforts to 
strengthen Ukraine's capacity to provide integrated health 
services to combat veterans, reservists, and active soldiers 
engaged in the conflict in the east. The Committee encourages 
USAID to continue working with Ukraine's Ministry of Health on 
a system of mental health protection, to strengthen cooperation 
on veterans' issues, and facilitate the sharing of best 
practices on mental health and posttraumatic stress disorder 
treatment and related support to military families.
    The Committee is pleased with the Department of State and 
USAID's support of and direct engagement with small-holder 
Ukrainian farmers and rural women. The Committee encourages the 
Department of State and USAID to support the development of 
cooperatives to empower small-holder farmers to increase 
productivity and marketability of their products.
    The Committee recommendation provides funding above the 
prior year under Foreign Military Financing Program to help 
Ukraine defend its sovereign territory against Russian 
aggression. The Committee notes that Ukraine, as a formal NATO 
partner, is eligible for the full range of activities listed in 
the NATO Partnership Cooperation Menu, which comprises more 
than 1,600 activities such as multilateral training exercises 
and equipment modernization. The Committee recommendation 
supports the provision of appropriate training, lethal 
defensive weapons, and other equipment to continue to work 
closely with NATO and meet its security challenges.
    The Committee recommendation supports efforts to increase 
security, reduce tensions, and monitor the situation in 
Ukraine, including through the Organization for Security and 
Cooperation in Europe Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine.
    Moldova.--The Committee recommendation supports Moldova's 
integration with the West and efforts to counter Russian 
influence and pressure.
    Section 7047 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding countering Russian influence and aggression. The Act 
provides not less than $250,000,000 for the Countering Russian 
Influence Fund (CRIF), which is in addition to amounts made 
available for bilateral assistance for countries in Europe, 
Eurasia and Central Asia. Such funds are allocated according to 
the following table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                    COUNTERING RUSSIAN INFLUENCE FUND
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                         Budget  Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia......            $75,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..             50,000
International Military Education and Training/.......              5,000
Foreign Military Financing Program...................            120,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................            250,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Subsection (b) prohibits funds in this Act for the central 
government of a country that the Secretary of State determines 
and reports has taken affirmative steps to support the Russian 
annexation of Crimea or other territory in Ukraine. The 
Secretary may waive the prohibition if it is in the national 
interest.
    Subsection (c) continues the prohibition of funds in this 
Act for the central government of a country that the Secretary 
of State determines and reports has recognized the independence 
of, or has established diplomatic relations with, the Russian 
occupied Georgian territories of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali 
Region/South Ossetia. The Secretary may waive the prohibition 
if it is in the national interest. The Committee notes that 
Syria recognized such territories in May 2018.
    Section 7048 includes language modified from the prior year 
relating to conditions on funds for the UN and other 
international organizations.
    Section 7049 includes language modified from the prior year 
related to assistance, authorities, limitations, and 
notifications regarding law enforcement and security matters.
    Section 7050 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funds to implement the Arms Trade Treaty.
    Section 7051 includes language carried in the prior year 
limiting funds available under this Act from being used to 
support attendance at international conferences.
    Section 7052 includes language carried in the prior year 
relating to aircraft transfer and coordination.
    Section 7053 includes language carried in the prior year 
relating to unpaid parking fines and real property taxes owed 
by foreign governments.
    Section 7054 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding the International Monetary Fund.
    Section 7055 includes language carried in the prior year 
limiting funding for publicity or propaganda purposes within 
the United States.
    Section 7056 is a new provision prohibiting funds to UNFPA 
and prohibiting the award of global health assistance funds to 
foreign nongovernmental organizations that promote or perform 
abortion, with certain exceptions.
    Section 7057 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding certain management conditions and authorities of 
USAID.
    The Committee directs the Inspector General for USAID to 
conduct an audit of the USAID's use of appropriated funds prior 
to expiration and cancellation. The audit shall determine 
whether operating units used appropriated funds within the 
deadlines of the appropriations, whether obligations using 
expired funds were made in accordance with Federal 
requirements, and review the closeout process of operating 
units. The audit should also include any findings related to 
the reasons for any expired or canceled funds, identify the 
root causes for deficiencies and determine monetary benefits 
that could have been achieved if contracts and cooperative 
agreements had been closed in a timely manner.
    Section 7058 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding global health activities, placing a funding 
limitation on international family planning programs, 
conditioning contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, 
Tuberculosis and Malaria, and providing certain authorities to 
better prepare for, and respond to, emerging health threats.
    Section 7059 includes modified language carried from the 
prior year regarding programs that support gender equality.
    Not later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with the USAID 
Administrator, shall submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees on programs supported by the 
Department of State and USAID in furtherance of the 
requirements of this section. With respect to subsection (c)(2) 
that requires gender programs incorporate coordinated efforts 
to combat a variety of forms of gender-based violence, 
including child marriage, rape, female genital cutting and 
mutilation, and domestic violence, the Committee expects the 
report to include programs and policies that reduce the 
incidence of child marriage and meet the needs of already 
married adolescent girls.
    The Committee supports the continuation of programs for 
women and girls who are at risk from extremism and conflict. 
The Committee also supports the provision of additional funds 
under Economic Support Fund for the UN Children's Fund program 
to eliminate female genital mutilation/cutting.
    The Committee encourages the Secretary of State to ensure 
women's participation is increased in peacekeeping operations 
and other security assistance programs, as appropriate.
    Section 7060 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding assistance for programs related to basic education, 
higher education, conservation, development programs, food 
security and agriculture development, microenterprise, programs 
to combat trafficking in persons, and water and sanitation.
    Subsection (b) includes not less than $269,000,000 in title 
III for biodiversity conservation programs, which is the same 
as the fiscal year 2018 enacted level.
    The Committee notes funds from biodiversity programs are 
used to meet the funding directive to combat wildlife poaching 
and trafficking. The Committee supports continued funding to 
implement and enforce the Lacey Act (section 8204 of P.L. 110-
246), $10,500,000 for biodiversity programs in the Brazilian 
Amazon, including efforts that seek to build the capacity of 
Brazil to manage its own protected areas, and $20,000,000 for 
such programs in the Andean Amazon. The Committee also 
encourages programs to support Guatemala's Mayan Biosphere. The 
Committee notes that demand for paper and wood products is 
rapidly increasing and that programs that support responsible 
forest management are needed to assist in protecting vulnerable 
forests, such as high conservation value forests, from illegal 
logging and encroachment. The Committee also recognizes that 
illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing undermines 
sustainable fisheries management, the stability of coastal 
communities abroad, and food security, and supports USAID 
programs that address such issues.
    The Committee remains concerned about the wildlife poaching 
and trafficking crisis and the continued negative effect it is 
having on international security and stability and the 
implications for endangered species. The Committee recognizes 
the severity of poaching in Africa, particularly with respect 
to elephant ivory and rhinoceros horn, and the destabilizing 
effect it has on regional security, including by providing a 
significant source of financing for armed groups with links to 
transnational organized crime and terrorism.
    The Act provides not less than $90,664,000 in titles III 
and IV be made available to address this urgent crisis, and the 
Committee directs not less than $10,000,000 of such funds for 
programs to combat rhinoceros poaching.
    Funds to address the wildlife poaching and trafficking 
crisis should be used to strengthen law enforcement capacity; 
address poaching at the source; build capacity for site-based 
protection of wildlife; disrupt trafficking routes; enhance 
regional cooperation and anti-trafficking networks; support 
regional wildlife enforcement networks, including not less than 
the fiscal year 2018 enacted level for ongoing regional efforts 
in southern Africa; improve port and border security at key 
transit points; promote community-based approaches for wildlife 
protection; and support programs to reduce consumer demand.
    The Committee supports continued implementation of the 
Eliminate, Neutralize, and Disrupt (END) Wildlife Trafficking 
Act of 2016 and expects funds to be made available to support 
the goals and objectives of such Act. The Committee expects the 
Secretary of State to work with countries rich in biodiversity 
and wildlife habitats or identified as focus countries in the 
END Wildlife Trafficking Act, to make a sustained commitment of 
budgetary resources to combat wildlife trafficking and promote 
community conservation.
    The Committee also encourages continued implementation of 
the National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking. The 
Committee notes such strategy calls for the use of innovative 
and science-based analytical tools to combat wildlife poaching 
and trafficking. The Committee supports efforts to engage with 
the private sector and nongovernmental organizations in the 
development and use of such tools.
    The Committee directs the Department of State and USAID to 
work with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), 
the Department of the Treasury, and the Office of the Director 
of National Intelligence to integrate information and share 
data to support a common platform that will inform strategies 
to combat money laundering and illicit trade.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State, the USAID 
Administrator, and the Director of USFWS to consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on the use of funds provided for 
programs to combat wildlife trafficking and directs that the 
CBJ for fiscal year 2020 include country and program funding 
levels for such programs. The Committee also directs USAID and 
the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement 
Affairs to include monitoring and evaluation components in 
wildlife trafficking implementation agreements and include data 
from such monitoring and evaluation efforts in its reports to 
Congress.
    The Committee expects that international conservation 
programs administered by the Department of State and USAID will 
utilize expertise from across the United States Government, 
including in partnership with the USFWS, the United States 
Forest Service, and other agencies, as appropriate. The 
Committee notes the ongoing threats to other endangered species 
and supports continued funding for programs to protect great 
apes and tigers, including for habitat conservation.
    The Committee supports continued United States leadership 
of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership and includes $39,400,000 
for the Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment 
(CARPE). The Committee directs that $17,500,000 of the funds 
made available for CARPE be apportioned directly to the USFWS 
to support further development and implementation of a Central 
African regional wildlife law enforcement network and to build 
local capacity for wildlife protection in such region. These 
programs should include the professionalization of park guards 
and other wildlife law enforcement officials and the provision 
of tools and technologies for measuring, evaluating, and 
improving the effectiveness of wildlife law enforcement patrols 
and site-based protection and conservation activities.
    Based on the CARPE model, the Committee supports continuing 
and expanding transnational approaches throughout sub-Saharan 
Africa, including the Okavango River Basin.
    Subsection (f) includes $67,000,000 for programs to combat 
trafficking in persons, to be coordinated by the Office to 
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. Of the amounts 
provided, $45,000,000 is included under International Narcotics 
Control and Law Enforcement. The Committee directs that 
$5,000,000 of such funds be made available for child protection 
compacts. The Committee expects that funds will be prioritized 
for countries with the greatest need and to continue to support 
child protection compacts pursuant to Public Law 113-94.
    The Committee notes an additional $13,822,000 is provided 
under Diplomatic Programs for the operational costs of the 
Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, which is 
described further under Diplomatic Programs in this report.
    In addition to funds made available pursuant to subsection 
(f), the Committee includes $25,000,000 under International 
Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement to support programs to 
end modern slavery.
    The Committee urges the USAID Administrator to strengthen 
implementation of the Counter-Trafficking in Persons (C-TIP) 
policy. The Administrator should ensure that USAID personnel 
and implementing partners are appropriately educated and 
trained according to the C-TIP Field Guide. C-TIP activities 
should be integrated into other development programs, project 
design, and methods for program evaluation. The Committee 
believes the Secretary of State and the USAID Administrator 
should ensure that foreign assistance programs relating to 
humanitarian assistance, food security, poverty reduction, 
social and economic growth and development, education, and 
democracy and governance contribute to decreased vulnerability 
to or prevalence of human trafficking and forced labor, 
consistent with United States policy, including with section 
107A(e) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.
    Not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with the USAID 
Administrator, is directed to submit a report to the Committees 
on Appropriations on obligations and expenditures of all fiscal 
year 2018 funds managed by the Department of State and USAID to 
combat human trafficking and forced labor. The report shall 
include funding by program, project, and activity and describe 
the management structure at the Department of State and USAID 
used to program such funds.
    Section 7061 includes language carried in the prior year 
establishing restrictions on enterprise funds.
    Section 7062 includes language carried in the prior year 
establishing certain limitations on assistance that may impact 
jobs in the United States.
    Section 7063 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding timely access by Inspectors General to records, 
documents, or other materials available to a department or 
agency of the United States.
    Section 7064 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding global Internet freedom programs.
    Section 7065 includes language carried in the prior year on 
multi-year pledges.
    Section 7066 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funds for the use of torture.
    Section 7067 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funds for a country that does not cooperate in the 
extradition to the United States of certain individuals.
    The Committee recommendation continues the limitation in 
this section on assistance for the central government of a 
country that refuses to extradite to the United States any 
individual indicted for a criminal offense for which the 
maximum penalty is life imprisonment without parole or for 
killing a law enforcement officer, as specified in a United 
States extradition request. The Secretary of State is directed 
to engage with foreign governments not covered by section 7067 
of this Act, such as the Government of Cuba, to resolve cases 
of fugitives from justice, including persons sought by the 
United States Department of Justice for such crimes committed 
in the United States, such as Joanne Chesimard.
    Section 7068 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding authority for the President to draw down certain 
funds to support UN war crimes tribunals or commissions.
    Section 7069 includes language modified from the prior 
concerning consultation, notification, and reporting 
requirements involving any agency reorganization, redesign, or 
transformation.
    Pursuant to subsection (a)(3), the notification shall 
include a detailed justification and analysis that includes the 
following information: (1) a detailed description of, and 
justification for, the proposed action, including any policies 
or procedures currently or expected to be used to implement 
Executive Order 13781; (2) the current organizational chart, 
showing the operating units of the respective department, 
agency or organization and a brief description of each 
operating unit; the number of employees for each operating 
unit; the proposed new organizational chart with descriptions 
of each new operating unit; and the number of employees once 
the proposed reorganization is complete; (3) an assessment of 
how the proposed action will improve the efficiency, 
effectiveness, performance, and accountability (including 
through modernizing information technology platforms and 
streamlining administrative functions) of the department, 
agency, or organization; (4) an analysis of the impact of any 
such change on the ability to advance the national interest of 
the United States through diplomacy and development, and to 
conduct adequate monitoring and oversight of foreign assistance 
programs, and any legislative change necessary to implement 
such proposals; (5) the estimated cost and timeline to complete 
the proposed action; and (6) an assessment of any cost savings 
and efficiencies achieved through implementation of each 
element of the proposed action.
    Pursuant to subsection (a)(4), operating plans shall 
include amounts for each of the State Department regional and 
functional bureaus and the following offices, envoys, and 
coordinators:
          Coordinator for Cyber Issues
          Coordinator for Sanctions Policy
          Office of Global Women's Issues
          Office of International Religious Freedom
          Office of the Special Coordinator for Global Criminal 
        Justice
          Office of the Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat 
        Anti-Semitism
          Office of the Special Envoy for North Korean Human 
        Rights Issues
          Office of the Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan
          Office of the Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage 
        Affairs
          Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
          Special Advisor for Religious Minorities in the Near 
        East and South Central Asia
          Special Envoy for Holocaust Issues
    Subsection (b)(3) includes language that limits funds 
relating to the Technology Modernization Fund. The terms 
``Technology Modernization Fund'' and ``Technology 
Modernization Board'' have the same meaning given to ``Fund'' 
and ``Board'' in section 1076 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
    Section 7070 includes language modified from the prior year 
requiring operating and spend plans for funds provided in this 
Act.
    Section 7071 includes new language related to Member access 
to facilities in the United States used for purposes of 
detaining foreign national minors.

  TITLE VIII--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS/GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM

    Title VIII of the Committee recommendation includes an 
additional $8,018,000,000, which is designated pursuant to 
section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency 
Deficit Control Act of 1985 for OCO/GWOT. Such funds are 
intended to address the extraordinary costs of diplomatic and 
development operations overseas, including economic 
stabilization; humanitarian response; and oversight activities. 
Funds in this title are subject to the operating and spend plan 
requirements of section 7070 of this Act, where applicable.

                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE


                   Administration of Foreign Affairs


                          DIPLOMATIC PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................    $2,975,971,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................     2,975,971,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................   +$2,975,971,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$2,975,971,000 for Diplomatic Programs, including 
$2,376,122,000 for WSP. The full amount is designated pursuant 
to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and 
Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 and will support the 
costs of operations and security in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq 
and other high threat posts.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $68,100,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................        54,900,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       -13,200,000
    Change from request...............................       +54,900,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$54,900,000 for Office of Inspector General. The full amount is 
designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced 
Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 and will 
support reviews, audits, and investigations by SIGAR.

            EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $71,778,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................       -71,778,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an additional 
appropriation for Embassy Security, Construction and 
Maintenance.

                      INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS


              CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $96,240,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................      -$96,240,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an additional 
appropriation for Contributions to International Organizations.

         CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $967,456,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................      -967,456,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an additional 
appropriation for Contributions to International Peacekeeping 
Activities.

           UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                           OPERATING EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $158,067,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................       158,067,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +158,067,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$158,067,000 for Operating Expenses. The full amount is 
designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced 
Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................        $2,500,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................        -2,500,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an additional 
appropriation for Office of Inspector General.

                     BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated To The President


                   INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................    $1,588,778,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................     1,287,578,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      -301,200,000
    Change from request...............................    +1,287,578,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$1,287,578,000 for International Disaster Assistance. The full 
amount is designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of 
the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 
and will support the extraordinary costs of the United States 
response to international disasters and crises, including those 
resulting from conflict in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria.

                         TRANSITION INITIATIVES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $62,043,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................       -62,043,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an additional 
appropriation for Transition Initiatives.

                          COMPLEX CRISES FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................       $20,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................       -20,000,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an 
appropriation for Complex Crises Fund.

                         ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................    $2,152,122,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................     1,178,250,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      -973,872,000
    Change from request...............................    +1,178,250,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$1,178,250,000 for Economic Support Fund. The full amount is 
designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced 
Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 and will 
support the costs of assistance for Afghanistan, Pakistan, and 
Iraq.

                          Department of State


                    MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................    $2,431,198,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................     2,363,234,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        67,964,000
    Change from request...............................    +2,363,234,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$2,363,234,000 for Migration and Refugee Assistance. The full 
amount is designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of 
the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 
and will support the extraordinary cost of overseas assistance 
to respond to refugee crises.

                   INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE


                          Department of State


          INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $417,951,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................      -417,951,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an 
appropriation for International Narcotics Control and Law 
Enforcement.

     NONPROLIFERATION, ANTITERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $220,583,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................      -220,583,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an 
appropriation for Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining 
and Related Programs.

                        PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $325,213,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................      -325,213,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an 
appropriation for Peacekeeping Operations.

                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                   FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2018 enacted level........................      $460,000,000
Fiscal Year 2019 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................       460,000,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include an 
appropriation for Foreign Military Financing Program.

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Section 8001 includes language carried in the prior year 
noting that funds appropriated by this title are in addition to 
amounts appropriated or otherwise made available.
    Section 8002 includes language carried in the prior year 
directing that funds appropriated by this title are subject to 
the authorities and conditions applicable to such headings in 
prior titles, unless noted otherwise.
    Section 8003 includes language providing that each amount 
designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced 
Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 in this title 
shall be available only if the President subsequently so 
designates all such amounts and transmits such designations to 
the Congress.

                 TITLE IX--ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISION


                       Spending Reduction Account

    Section 9001 establishes a spending reduction account.

             HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES REPORTING REQUIREMENT

    The following materials are submitted in accordance with 
various requirements of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives:

                          Full Committee Votes



         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is a statement of 
general performance goals and objectives for which this measure 
authorizes funding: The Committee on Appropriations considers 
program performance, including a program's success in 
developing and attaining outcome-related goals and objectives, 
in developing funding recommendations.

                              Rescissions

    The bill does not include any rescissions.

                           Transfers of Funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following list includes the 
transfers of funds included in the accompanying bill:
    In title I, under Emergencies in the Diplomatic and 
Consular Service, language is included to transfer funds to 
Repatriation Loans Program.
    In title I, under Diplomatic Programs, language is included 
to transfer funds to Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular 
Service for emergency evacuations and rewards.
    In title III, under Development Credit Authority, language 
is included to transfer funds to Assistance for Europe, Eurasia 
and Central Asia and to transfer funds to Operating Expenses.
    In title III, under Peace Corps, language is included to 
transfer funds to the Foreign Currency Fluctuations Account and 
to transfer funds to other departments and agencies.
    Under title VI, under Program Account, language is included 
to transfer funds from the Overseas Private Investment 
Corporation Noncredit Account.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7004 to 
transfer funds between Diplomatic Programs and Embassy 
Security, Construction, and Maintenance to implement the 
recommendations of the Benghazi Accountability Review Board.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7009 to 
transfer funds under title I for the Department of State and 
the Broadcasting Board of Governors.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7034 to 
transfer funds under Protection of Foreign Missions and 
Officials and unobligated balances of expired funds under 
Diplomatic Programs for extraordinary protection.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7048 to 
transfer funds between Global Health Programs and International 
Disaster Assistance.
    In title VIII, under Diplomatic Programs, language is 
included to transfer funds to other departments and agencies 
for Afghanistan.

   Disclosure of Earmarks and Congressionally Directed Spending Items

    Pursuant to clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House 
of Representatives, neither the bill nor this report contain 
any congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited 
tariff benefits as defined in clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives.

          Compliance With Rule XIII, Cl. 3(e) (Ramseyer Rule)

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italics, existing law in which no change 
is proposed is shown in roman):

        EMERGENCY WARTIME SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2003




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
                                TITLE I


WAR-RELATED APPROPRIATIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



CHAPTER 5--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



                       LOAN GUARANTEES TO ISRAEL

  During the period beginning March 1, 2003, and ending 
[September 30, 2019] September 30, 2023, loan guarantees may be 
made available to Israel, guaranteeing 100 percent of the 
principal and interest on such loans, the principal amount, any 
part of which is to be guaranteed, not to exceed 
$9,000,000,000, of which up to $3,000,000,000 may be issued 
prior to October 1, 2003, or thereafter and of which 
$3,000,000,000 may be issued subsequent to September 30, 2004: 
Provided, That such guarantees shall constitute obligations, in 
accordance with the terms of such guarantees, of the United 
States and the full faith and credit of the United States is 
hereby pledged for the full payment and performance of such 
obligations: Provided further, That if less than the full 
amount of guarantees authorized to be made available is issued 
prior to [September 30, 2019] September 30, 2023, the authority 
to issue the balance of such guarantees shall extend to the 
subsequent fiscal year: Provided further, That guarantees may 
be issued under this section only to support activities in the 
geographic areas which were subject to the administration of 
the Government of Israel before June 5, 1967: Provided further, 
That the amount of guarantees that may be issued shall be 
reduced by an amount equal to the amount extended or estimated 
to have been extended by the Government of Israel during the 
period from March 1, 2003, to the date of issue of the 
guarantee, for activities which the President determines are 
inconsistent with the objectives and understandings reached 
between the United States and the Government of Israel 
regarding the implementation of the loan guarantee program: 
Provided further, That the President shall submit a report to 
Congress no later than September 30 of each fiscal year during 
the pendency of the program specifying the amount calculated 
under the preceding proviso and that will be deducted from the 
amount of guarantees authorized to be issued in the next fiscal 
year: Provided further, That the interest rate for loans 
guaranteed under this heading may include a reasonable fee to 
cover the costs and fees incurred by the borrower in connection 
with this program or financing under this heading in the event 
the borrower elects not to finance such costs or fees out of 
loan principal: Provided further, That no appropriations under 
this heading are available for the subsidy costs for these loan 
guarantees: Provided further, That the Government of Israel 
will pay the cost, as defined in section 502 of the Federal 
Credit Reform Act of 1990, as amended, including any non-
payment exposure risk, associated with the loan guarantees 
issued in any fiscal year, on a pro rata basis as each 
guarantee is issued during that year: Provided further, That 
all fees (as defined in section 601(e) of Public Law 102-391) 
associated with the loan guarantees shall be paid by the 
Government of Israel to the Government of the United States: 
Provided further, That funds made available for assistance to 
Israel under chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961, as amended, may be utilized by the Government of 
Israel to pay such fees to the United States Government: 
Provided further, That the President shall determine the terms 
and conditions for issuing guarantees, taking into 
consideration
  the budgetary and economic reforms undertaken by Israel: 
Provided further, That if the President determines that these 
terms and conditions have been breached, the President may 
suspend or terminate the provision of all or part of the loan 
guarantees not yet issued under this heading.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


             DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2005




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
                                TITLE X


OTHER MATTERS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



CHAPTER 2--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



                    GENERAL PROVISIONS, THIS CHAPTER

  Sec. 12001. (a)(1) Notwithstanding section 514 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h), the President may 
transfer to Israel, in exchange for concessions to be 
negotiated by the Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of 
the Secretary of State, any or all of the items described in 
paragraph (2).
  (2) The items referred to in paragraph (1) are armor, 
artillery, automatic weapons ammunition, missiles, and other 
munitions that--
          (A) are obsolete or surplus items;
          (B) are in the inventory of the Department of 
        Defense;
          (C) are intended for use as reserve stocks for 
        Israel; and
          (D) are located in a stockpile in Israel.
  (b) The value of concessions negotiated pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall be at least equal to the fair market value 
of the items transferred. The concessions may include cash 
compensation, services, waiver of charges otherwise payable by 
the United States, and other items of value.
  (c) Not later than 30 days before making a transfer under the 
authority of this section, the President shall transmit a 
notification of the proposed transfer to the Committees on 
Foreign Relations and Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committees on International Relations and Armed Services of the 
House of Representatives. The notification shall identify the 
items to be transferred and the concessions to be received.
  (d) No transfer may be made under the authority of this 
section after September 30, [2019] 2020.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                     FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE XII--FAMINE PREVENTION AND FREEDOM FROM HUNGER

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



Chapter 2--Military Assistance

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 514. Stockpiling of Defense Articles for Foreign 
Countries.--(a) No defense article in the inventory of the 
Department of Defense which is set aside, reserved, or in any 
way earmarked or intended for future use by any foreign country 
may be made available to or for use by any foreign country 
unless such transfer is authorized under this Act or the Arms 
Export Control Act, or any subsequent corresponding 
legislation, and the value of such transfer is charged against 
funds authorized under such legislation or against the 
limitations specified in such legislation, as appropriate, for 
the fiscal period in which such defense article is transferred. 
For purposes of this subsection, ``value'' means the 
acquisition cost plus crating, packing, handling, and 
transportation costs incurred in carrying out this section.
  (b)(1) The value of defense articles to be set aside, 
earmarked, reserved, or intended for use as war reserve stocks 
for allied or other foreign countries (other than for purposes 
of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or in the 
implementation of agreements with Israel) in stockpiles located 
in foreign countries may not exceed in any fiscal year an 
amount that is specified in security assistance authorizing 
legislation for that fiscal year.
  (2)(A) The value of such additions to stockpiles of defense 
articles in foreign countries shall not exceed $200,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, [and 
2019] 2019, and 2020.
  (B) Of the amount specified in subparagraph (A) for a fiscal 
year, not more than $200,000,000 may be made available for 
stockpiles in the State of Israel.
  (c) Location of Stockpiles of Defense Articles.--
          (1) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        no stockpile of defense articles may be located outside 
        the boundaries of a United States military base or a 
        military base used primarily by the United States.
          (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply with 
        respect to stockpiles of defense articles located in 
        the Republic of Korea, Thailand, any country that is a 
        member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, any 
        country that is a major non-NATO ally, or any other 
        country the President may designate. At least 15 days 
        before designating a country pursuant to the last 
        clause of the preceding sentence, the President shall 
        notify the congressional committees specified in 
        section 634A(a) in accordance with the procedures 
        applicable to reprogramming notifications under that 
        section.
  (d) No defense article transferred from any stockpile which 
is made available to or for use by any foreign country may be 
considered an excess defense article for the purpose of 
determining the value thereof.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


      FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS 
                        APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 1990




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



       establishing categories of aliens for purposes of refugee 
                             determinations

  Sec. 599D. (a) In General.--In the case of an alien who is 
within a category of aliens established under subsection (b), 
the alien may establish, for purposes of admission as a refugee 
under section 207 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, that 
the alien has a well-founded fear of persecution on account of 
race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social 
group, or political opinion by asserting such a fear and 
asserting a credible basis for concern about the possibility of 
such persecution.
  (b) Establishment of Categories.--
          (1) For purposes of subsection (a), the Attorney 
        General, in consultation with the Secretary of State 
        and the Coordinator for Refugee Affairs, shall 
        establish--
                  (A) one or more categories of aliens who are 
                or were nationals and residents of an 
                independent state of the former Soviet Union or 
                of Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania and who share 
                common characteristics that identify them as 
                targets of persecution in that state on account 
                of race, religion, nationality, membership in a 
                particular social group, or political opinion,
                  (B) one or more categories of aliens who are 
                or were nationals and residents of Vietnam, 
                Laos, or Cambodia and who share common 
                characteristics that identify them as targets 
                of persecution in such respective foreign state 
                on such an account; and
          (C) one or more categories of aliens who are or were 
        nationals and residents of the Islamic Republic or Iran 
        who, as members of a religious minority in Iran, share 
        common characteristics that identify them as targets of 
        persecution in that state on account of race, religion, 
        nationality, membership in a particular social group, 
        or political opinion.
          (2)(A) Aliens who are (or were) nationals and 
        residents of an independent state of the former Soviet 
        Union or of Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania and who are 
        Jews or Evangelical Christians shall be deemed a 
        category of alien established under paragraph (1)(A).
          (B) Aliens who are (or were) nationals of an 
        independent state of the former Soviet Union or of 
        Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania and who are current 
        members of, and demonstrate public, active, and 
        continuous participation (or attempted participation) 
        in the religious activities of, the Ukrainian Catholic 
        Church or the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, shall be 
        deemed a category of alien established under paragraph 
        (1)(A).
          (C) Aliens who are (or were) nationals and residents 
        of Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia and who are members of 
        categories of individuals determined, by the Attorney 
        General in accordance with ``Immigration and 
        Naturalization Service Worldwide Guidelines for 
        Overseas Refugee Processing'' (issued by the 
        Immigration and Naturalization Service in August 1983) 
        shall be deemed a category of alien established under 
        paragraph (1)(B).
          (3) Within the number of admissions of refugees 
        allocated for each of fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992 
        for refugees who are nationals of the Soviet Union 
        under section 207(a)(3) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (and within the number of such 
        admissions allocated for each of fiscal years 1993, 
        1994, 1995, and 1996 for refugees who are nationals of 
        the independent states of the former Soviet Union, 
        Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania under such section) and 
        within the number of such admissions allocated for each 
        of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 
        1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 
        2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 
        2017, [and 2018] 2018, and 2019 for refugees who are 
        nationals of the independent states of the former 
        Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania under such 
        section, notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        the President shall allocate one thousand of such 
        admissions for such fiscal year to refugees who are 
        within the category of aliens described in paragraph 
        (2)(B).
  (c) Written Reasons for Denials of Refugee Status.--Each 
decision to deny an application for refugee status of an alien 
who is within a category established under this section shall 
be in writing and shall state, to the maximum extent feasible, 
the reason for the denial.
  (d) Permitting Certain Aliens Within Categories to Reapply 
for Refugee Status.--Each alien who is within a category 
established under this section and who (after August 14, 1988, 
and before the date of the enactment of this Act) was denied 
refugee status shall be permitted to reapply for such status. 
Such an application shall be determined taking into account the 
application of this section.
  (e) Period of Application.--
          (1) Subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and shall only apply 
        to applications for refugee status submitted before 
        October 1, [2018] 2019.
          (2) Subsection (c) shall apply to decisions made 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act and before 
        October 1, [2018] 2019.
          (3) Subsection (d) shall take effect on the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and shall only apply to 
        reapplications for refugee status submitted before 
        October 1, [2018] 2019.

    adjustment of status for certain soviet and indochinese parolees

  Sec. 599E. (a) In General.--The Attorney General shall adjust 
the status of an alien described in subsection (b) to that of 
an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the 
alien--
          (1) applies for such adjustment,
          (2) has been physically present in the United States 
        for at least 1 year and is physically present in the 
        United States on the date the application for such 
        adjustment is filed,
          (3) is admissible to the United States as an 
        immigrant, except as provided in subsection (c), and
          (4) pays a fee (determined by the Attorney General) 
        for the processing of such application.
  (b) Aliens Eligible for Adjustment of Status.--The benefits 
provided in subsection (a) shall only apply to an alien who--
          (1) was a national of an independent state of the 
        former Soviet Union or of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, 
        Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia, and
          (2) was inspected and granted parole into the United 
        States during the period beginning on August 15, 1988, 
        and ending on September 30, [2018] 2019, after being 
        denied refugee status.
  (c) Waiver of Certain Grounds for Inadmissibility.--The 
provisions of paragraphs (4), (5), and (7)(A) of section 212(a) 
of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall not apply to 
adjustment of status under this section and the Attorney 
General may waive any other provision of such section (other 
than paragraph (2)(C) or subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (E) of 
paragraph (3)) with respect to such an adjustment for 
humanitarian purposes, to assure family unity, or when it is 
otherwise in the public interest.
  (d) Date of Approval.--Upon the approval of such an 
application for adjustment of status, the Attorney General 
shall create a record of the alien's admission as a lawful 
permanent resident as of the date of the alien's inspection and 
parole described in subsection (b)(2).
  (e) No Offset in Number of Visas Available.--When an alien is 
granted the status of having been lawfully admitted for 
permanent residence under this section, the Secretary of State 
shall not be required to reduce the number of immigrant visas 
authorized to be issued under the Immigration and Nationality 
Act.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


               Changes in the Application of Existing Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(A) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following statements are 
submitted describing the effect of provisions in the 
accompanying bill that directly or indirectly change the 
application of existing law.
    Language is included in various parts of the bill to 
continue ongoing activities in fiscal year 2019 that require 
annual authorization or additional legislation, which to date 
has not been enacted. The bill includes provisions that place 
limitations on the use of funds in the bill or change existing 
limitations and that might under some circumstances be 
construed as changing the application of existing law. The bill 
includes a number of provisions that have been virtually 
unchanged for many years, which are technically considered 
legislation. The bill provides that several of the 
appropriations shall remain available for obligation beyond the 
current fiscal year. In all cases it is deemed desirable to 
carry such language in order to provide for orderly 
administration of such programs and effective use of funds. In 
various places in the bill, the Committee recommendation 
continues the prior year practice of designating amounts within 
appropriation accounts in order to fund specific programs and 
has adjusted some designations.
    The bill contains general provisions and other language 
that have been carried in the bill in past years that include 
limitations and conditions on funding provided in the Act.
    Additional changes in the fiscal year 2019 bill, which may 
be construed as changing existing law, are as follows:

Title I

    Under Diplomatic Programs, language carried in the prior 
year providing transfer authority to other accounts within 
Administration of Foreign Affairs; limitations on certain 
programs, offices, and activities; designating the availability 
and use of certain fees and transfers from other agencies; and 
conditioning the obligation of certain funds made available for 
security training.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language carried in the 
prior year notwithstanding section 209(a)(1) of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 as it relates to post inspections.
    Under Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs, language 
carried in the prior year designating amounts for certain 
activities, authorizing the use of certain fees, and directing 
a reporting requirement.
    Under Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance, 
language similar to the prior year placing limitations on the 
uses of funds, restricting representation expenses, and 
requiring submission of an operating plan.
    Under Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, 
language similar to the prior year permitting the transfer of 
not to exceed $1,000,000 to Repatriation Loans Program Account.
    Under Repatriation Loans Program Account, language similar 
to the prior year directing that costs shall be defined as in 
section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and capping 
total loan principle.
    Under Contributions to International Organizations, 
language similar to the prior year requiring submission to the 
Committees on Appropriations of the United Nations biennial 
budget, limiting the use of funds, and establishing a number of 
notification and reporting requirements.
    Under Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
Activities, language similar to the prior year limiting the use 
of funds and establishing a number of notification and 
reporting requirements.
    Under International Boundary and Water Commission, United 
States and Mexico and American Sections, International 
Commissions, language carried in the prior year providing a 
limitation on the amount available for representation expenses.
    Under International Fisheries Commissions, language carried 
in the prior year providing authority to pay United States 
expenses in advance, pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 3324.
    Under International Broadcasting Operations, language 
carried in the prior year setting limitations on funds 
available for certain expenses and receipts, requiring the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) make funds available to 
expand unrestricted access to information on the Internet, 
extending certain personnel authorities, requiring a review of 
certain programs, restricting representation expenses, and 
requiring notifications.
    Under Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program, language 
carried in the prior year limiting the use of funds relating to 
compensation.
    Under National Endowment for Democracy, language similar to 
prior years designating funds for certain purposes.
    Under Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage 
Abroad, language carried in the prior year allowing the 
Commission to procure certain services notwithstanding 
paragraph (3) of section 312304(b) of Public Law 113-287 during 
fiscal year 2017 and requiring notification.
    Under United States Commission on International Religious 
Freedom, language carried in the prior year placing a 
limitation on representation expenses.
    Under Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 
Salaries and Expenses, language carried in the prior year 
limiting representation expenses.
    Under Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's 
Republic of China and United States-China Economic and Security 
Review Commission, language carried in the prior year placing a 
limitation on representation expenses.
    Under United States-China Economic and Security Review 
Commission, language carried in the prior year incorporating by 
reference several provisos relating to personnel and financial 
management authorities that were carried in the Department of 
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations Act, 
2009.

Title II

    Under Operating Expenses, language carried in the prior 
year limiting financing construction or entering into leases, 
allowing transfers of funds, and restricting representation and 
entertainment expenses.
    Under Capital Investment Fund, language carried in the 
prior year requiring notifications.

Title III

    Under Global Health Programs, language similar to the prior 
year placing restrictions and requirements related to family 
planning and abortion, requiring direct apportionment to 
agencies, designating the use of funds, requiring 
notifications, and setting a cap on administrative expenses.
    Under Transition Initiatives, language similar to the prior 
year designating the use of funds, requiring a report prior to 
the initiation of a country program, requiring prior 
consultations, and allowing the use of additional funds in the 
Act for the same purposes as funds under this heading following 
consultation.
    Under Development Credit Authority, language similar to the 
prior year authorizing transfers, setting funding and financing 
limitations, and requiring notification.
    Under Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia, 
language modified from the prior year providing notwithstanding 
authority and related notification requirements, designating 
coordination responsibilities, and designating certain funds 
for purposes of administrative authorities.
    Under Migration and Refugee Assistance, language similar to 
the prior year designating amounts for small-scale emergency 
humanitarian requirements, for refugees resettling in Israel, 
and for the United States Refugee Admissions Program.
    Under Peace Corps, language similar to the prior year 
limiting representation expenses, requiring consultations, 
allowing the Director to transfer funds to help mitigate 
exchange rate losses, and placing limitations on certain 
activities.
    Under Millennium Challenge Corporation, language similar to 
the prior year placing a cap on administrative expenses, 
establishing certain funding conditions and notification 
requirements, limiting and restricting entertainment and 
representation allowances.
    Under Inter-American Foundation, language carried in the 
prior year limiting representation expenses.
    Under United States African Development Foundation, 
language similar to the prior year allowing for the investment 
of project funding by grantees, limiting the use of interest 
earned, allowing certain building leases, and requiring a 
report.
    Under International Affairs Technical Assistance, language 
similar to the prior year providing funds notwithstanding the 
location of the performance of a personal service contract.

Title IV

    Under International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement, 
language carried in the prior year giving the Department of 
State the authority to provide excess property to a foreign 
country, subject to notification, waiving a section of the 
Foreign Assistance Act, subject to notification, and requiring 
notification for certain transfers.
    Under Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining, and 
Related Programs, language modified from the prior year 
designating the use of funds, providing authorities for funds, 
and establishing certain funding conditions and notification 
requirements.
    Under Peacekeeping Operations, language modified from the 
prior year designating the use of funds, providing certain 
authorities, establishing prohibitions for the use of funds, 
and requiring notifications.
    Under International Military Education and Training, 
language modified from the prior year allowing certain civilian 
personnel to receive training and limiting entertainment 
allowances.
    Under Foreign Military Financing Program, language similar 
to the prior year designating the use of funds, requiring 
consultations and notifications, establishing requirements for 
the disbursement and transfer of certain funds, establishing 
limitations and conditions on funds, and limiting 
representation and entertainment expenses.

Title V

    Under Global Environment Facility, new language is included 
to require reports and notifications from the Secretary of the 
Treasury.
    Under Contributions to the International Fund for 
Agricultural Development, new language is included to require 
reports from the Secretary of the Treasury.

Title VI

    Under Export-Import Bank of the United States, Program 
Account, language carried in the prior year allowing for 
certain expenditures and setting limitations on funds.
    Under Export-Import Bank of the United States, 
Administrative Expenses, language carried in the prior year 
limiting representation expenses, allowing for the collection 
of certain fees, and requiring notifications.
    Under Export-Import Bank of the United States, Receipts 
Collected, language carried in the prior year requiring 
sufficient fees to cover costs.
    Under Overseas Private Investment Corporation, Noncredit 
Account, language carried in the prior year limiting 
representation expenses, and providing that certain costs shall 
not be considered administrative costs.
    Under Overseas Private Investment Corporation, Program 
Account, language similar to the prior year designating 
transfer authority from ``Noncredit Account'', providing 
program authority in Iraq, requiring certain notifications, and 
designating funds for administrative expenses.
    Under Trade and Development Agency, language similar to the 
prior year restricting representation and entertainment 
allowances and designating the use of funds.

Title VII

    Sec. 7001 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding allowances and differentials.
    Sec. 7002 includes language carried in the prior year 
requiring agencies to provide quarterly reports on the 
cumulative balances of any unobligated funds.
    Sec. 7003 includes language carried in the prior year 
requiring that consulting service contracts shall be a matter 
of public record.
    Sec. 7004 includes language modified from the prior year 
with respect to the construction and use of diplomatic 
facilities, setting limitations and expanding notification and 
oversight requirements, and placing conditions and restrictions 
on certain funds.
    Sec. 7005 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding certain personnel actions and the authority to 
transfer funds between appropriations accounts.
    Sec. 7006 includes language carried in the prior year 
directing funds for certain purposes, setting limitations for 
the Working Capital Fund, requiring a certification, and 
requiring a report.
    Sec. 7007 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for the governments of Cuba, North 
Korea, Iran, and Syria.
    Sec. 7008 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for countries whose duly elected head of 
government is deposed by military coup or decree, or a coup or 
decree in which the military plays a decisive role, requires a 
determination, and provides a waiver under certain conditions.
    Sec. 7009 includes language modified from the prior year 
setting limitations and conditions on transfers between 
appropriations accounts, requiring audits of certain transfers 
and reporting requirements.
    Sec. 7010 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting first-class travel and setting certain limitations 
on computer networks and the promotion of tobacco.
    Sec. 7011 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding the availability of funds appropriated by this Act 
and language placing a limitation on such authority until the 
Secretary of State submits a report.
    Sec. 7012 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for countries in default and allowing 
exceptions in certain circumstances.
    Sec. 7013 includes language carried in the prior year 
withholding assistance to a country in which the assistance is 
subject to taxation, unless the Secretary of State makes 
certain determinations, and includes a reporting requirement.
    Sec. 7014 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding the reservation of funds and the designation of 
certain funding levels.
    Sec. 7015 includes language modified from the prior year 
establishing the notification requirements regarding funds made 
available in the Act.
    Sec. 7016 includes language modified from the prior year 
concerning public posting of reports and documents, records 
management, and cybersecurity.
    Sec. 7017 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting the use of funds for programs in contravention of 
this Act.
    Sec. 7018 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funding for abortions and involuntary 
sterilization.
    Sec. 7019 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding funding directives specified in tables in the report 
accompanying the Act.
    Sec. 7020 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting the use of assistance for certain representation 
expenses.
    Sec. 7021 includes language similar to the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for governments that support 
international terrorism.
    Sec. 7022 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding authorization requirements.
    Sec. 7023 includes language carried in the prior year 
defining the terms ``program'', ``project'', and ``activity''.
    Sec. 7024 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding certain authorities for the Peace Corps, Inter-
American Foundation, and the United States African Development 
Foundation.
    Sec. 7025 includes limitation language carried in the prior 
year relating to commerce, trade, and surplus commodities.
    Sec. 7026 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding the requirement that separate accounts be established 
for cash transfers and assistance that generates local 
currencies and establishing certain conditions on the use of 
those funds.
    Sec. 7027 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding assistance through nongovernmental organizations and 
assistance provided under the Food for Peace Act.
    Sec. 7028 includes language modified from the prior year 
conditioning funds provided to local organizations through 
limited competitions.
    Sec. 7029 includes language modified from the prior year 
relating to international financial institutions.
    Sec. 7030 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding debt-for-development programs.
    Sec. 7031 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding management of direct assistance to governments, 
budget transparency of recipient countries, corruption and 
human rights violations, and the foreign assistance Web site.
    Sec. 7032 contains language modified from the prior year 
regarding democracy programs funded in this Act.
    Sec. 7033 includes language modified from the prior year on 
assistance regarding international religious freedom.
    Sec. 7034 includes language modified from the prior year 
granting, extending, or otherwise modifying certain special 
authorities relating to funds made available in, and operations 
supported by, the Act.
    Sec. 7035 continues language carried in the prior year 
related to the Arab League Boycott of Israel.
    Sec. 7036 includes language carried in the prior year 
establishing limitations on the use of funds in support of a 
Palestinian state.
    Sec. 7037 includes language carried in the prior year 
establishing restrictions on the use of funds for the purpose 
of conducting official United States Government business with 
the Palestinian Authority.
    Sec. 7038 includes language carried in the prior year 
restricting assistance to the Palestinian Broadcasting 
Corporation.
    Sec. 7039 includes language carried in the prior year 
placing conditions on assistance for the West Bank and Gaza.
    Sec. 7040 includes language modified from the prior year 
placing limitations on any assistance for the Palestinian 
Authority and regarding Hamas.
    Sec. 7041 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding directives and conditions concerning assistance for 
countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
    Sec. 7042 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding directives and conditions concerning assistance for 
countries in Africa.
    Sec. 7043 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding directives and conditions concerning assistance for 
countries in East Asia and the Pacific.
    Sec. 7044 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding directives and conditions concerning assistance for 
countries in South and Central Asia.
    Sec. 7045 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding directives and conditions concerning assistance for 
countries in the Western Hemisphere.
    Sec. 7046 includes language similar to the prior year 
regarding directives and conditions concerning assistance for 
countries in Europe and Eurasia.
    Sec. 7047 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding countering Russian influence and aggression.
    Sec. 7048 includes language modified from the prior year 
relating to conditions on funds for the UN and other 
international organizations.
    Sec. 7049 includes language similar to the prior year 
related to assistance, authorities, limitations, and 
notifications regarding law enforcement and other security 
matters.
    Sec. 7050 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting the use of funds to implement the Arms Trade 
Treaty.
    Sec. 7051 includes language carried in the prior year 
limiting the use of funds made available by the Act to support 
attendance at international conferences.
    Sec. 7052 includes language carried in the prior year 
relating to aircraft transfer and coordination.
    Sec. 7053 includes language carried in the prior year 
relating to unpaid parking fines and real property taxes owed 
by foreign countries.
    Sec. 7054 includes language similar to the prior year 
regarding the International Monetary Fund.
    Sec. 7055 includes language carried in the prior year 
limiting funding for publicity or propaganda purposes within 
the United States.
    Sec. 7056 is a new provision prohibiting funds to UNFPA and 
prohibiting the award of global health assistance funds to 
foreign nongovernmental organizations that promote or perform 
abortion, with certain exceptions.
    Sec. 7057 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding certain management conditions and authorities of 
USAID.
    Sec. 7058 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding global health activities, placing a funding 
limitation on international family planning programs, 
conditioning contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, 
Tuberculosis and Malaria, and providing certain funding and 
authorities to better prepare for, and respond to, emerging 
health threats.
    Sec. 7059 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding programs that support gender equality.
    Sec. 7060 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding assistance for programs related to basic education, 
higher education, conservation, development programs, food 
security and agriculture development, microenterprise, 
trafficking in persons, and water and sanitation.
    Sec. 7061 includes language carried in the prior year 
establishing restrictions on enterprise funds.
    Sec. 7062 includes language carried in the prior year 
establishing certain limitations on assistance that may impact 
jobs in the United States.
    Sec. 7063 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding timely access by Inspectors General to records, 
documents, or other materials available to a department or 
agency of the United States.
    Sec. 7064 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding global Internet freedom programs.
    Sec. 7065 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding multi-year pledges.
    Sec. 7066 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funds for the use of torture.
    Sec. 7067 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funds for a country that does not cooperate in the 
extradition to the United States of certain individuals.
    Sec. 7068 includes language similar to the prior year 
regarding authority for the President to draw down certain 
funds to support UN war crimes tribunals or commissions.
    Sec. 7069 includes language similar to the prior year 
concerning consultation, notification, and reporting 
requirements involving any agency reorganization, redesign, or 
transformation.
    Sec. 7070 includes language modified from the prior year 
requiring operating and spend plans for funds provided in this 
Act.
    Sec. 7071 includes new language related to Member access to 
facilities in the United States used for purposes of detaining 
foreign national minors.

Title VIII

    Under Diplomatic Programs, language carried in the prior 
year allowing the transfer of funds to other federal 
departments and agencies, designating funds, and requiring 
notification of any such transfers.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language similar to the 
prior year designating an amount for the Special Inspector 
General for Afghanistan Reconstruction, limiting printing and 
reproduction costs, and providing certain personnel 
authorities.
    Under Migration and Refugee Assistance, language carried in 
the prior year limiting the purposes for which funds may be 
used.
    Sec. 8001 includes language carried in the prior year 
stating that funds appropriated in title VIII are in addition 
to amounts appropriated for fiscal year 2018.
    Sec. 8002 includes language carried in the prior year 
stating that funds appropriated in title VIII shall be 
available under the authorities and conditions applicable to 
such appropriations accounts, unless otherwise directed in the 
Act.
    Sec. 8003 includes language carried in the prior year 
providing certain conditions on amounts designated as Overseas 
Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism.

Title IX

    Sec. 9001 includes a new provision establishing a spending 
reduction account.

                  Appropriations Not Authorized by Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(B) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following table lists the 
appropriations in the accompanying bill which are not 
authorized by law for the period concerned:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                           Appropriations in
         Agency/Activity               Last Year         Authorization       Last Year of      Appropriations in
                                      Authorized             Level           Authorization         the Bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Department of State/              2003..............  $5,290,390,000....  $5,874,914,000....  $12,084,968,000
 Administration of Foreign
 Affairs
Department of State/              2003..............  $1,529,702,000....  $1,672,000,000....  $2,953,911,000
 International Organizations
Department of State/              2003..............  $71,385,000.......  $57,730,000.......  $119,008,000
 International Commissions
Broadcasting Board of Governors   2003..............  $644,486,000......  $599,560,000......  $807,686,000
Department of State/Related       2003..............  $72,000,000.......  $69,986,000.......  $187,443,000
 Programs
United States Institute of Peace  2014..............  Such sums as may    $37,000,000.......  $37,884,000
                                                       be necessary.
USAID/Operating Expenses          1987..............  $387,000,000......  $340,600,000......  $1,347,676,000
USAID/Capital Investment Fund     None..............  NA................  NA................  $200,000,000
USAID/Inspector General           1987..............  $21,750,000.......  $21,000,000.......  $76,000,000
Global Health Programs (see note  Population (1987);  Population          Population          $2,690,000,000
 below)                            Health and          ($290,000,000);     ($234,625,000);     (includes up to
                                   Disease             Health and          Health and          $461,000,000 for
                                   Prevention          Disease             Disease             Population)
                                   (1987); Child       Prevention          Prevention
                                   Survival Fund       ($180,000,000);     ($166,762,000);
                                   (1987).             Child Survival      Child Survival
                                                       Fund                Fund (75,000,000).
                                                       ($75,000,000).
Global Health Programs: HIV/AIDS  2013..............  $48,000,000,000     $5,720,499,000....  $6,000,000,000
                                                       over 5 years.
Development Assistance (see note  Agriculture;        Agriculture         Agriculture         $3,000,000,000
 below)                            (1987) Education    ($760,000,000);     ($693,613,000);     (program levels
                                   (1987); Energy      Education           Education           to difficult to
                                   and selected        ($180,000,000);     ($155,000,000);     determine due to
                                   development         Energy and          Energy and          changing
                                   activities (1987).  selected            selected            definitions of
                                                       development         development         programs since
                                                       activities          activities          last authorized)
                                                       ($207,000,000).     ($149,990,000).
International Disaster            2018..............  $2,794,184,000....  $2,696,534,000....  $4,285,312,000
 Assistance
Transition Initiatives..........  None..............  NA................  NA................  $96,145,000
Development Credit Authority....  None..............  NA................  NA................  (by transfer)
                                                                                               $40,000,000
Development Credit Authority--    None..............  NA................  NA................  $9,120,000
 administrative expenses
Economic Support Fund...........  1987..............  $3,800,000,000....  $3,555,000,000....  $3,696,904,000
Democracy Fund..................  None..............  NA................  NA................  $225,000,000
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia    1993..............  $410,000,000......  N/A...............  750,334,000
 and Central Asia
Migration and Refugee Assistance  2003..............  $820,000,000......  $781,884,000......  $3,360,000,000
Peace Corps.....................  2003..............  $365,000,000......  $295,069,000......  $410,500,000
Millennium Challenge Corporation  2005..............  Such sums as may    $1,488,000,000....  $905,000,000
                                                       be necessary.
Inter-American Foundation.......  1993..............  $31,000,000.......  $30,960,000.......  $22,500,000
United States African             1987..............  $3,872,000........  $6,500,000........  $30,000,000
 Development Foundation.
Department of the Treasury,       1999..............  $5,000,000........  $1,500,000........  $30,000,000
 International Affairs Technical
 Assistance
International Narcotics Control   1994..............  $171,500,000......  $100,000,000......  $1,435,151,000
 and Law Enforcement
Nonproliferation, Anti-           2003..............  $226,200,000......  NA................  $876,050,000
 terrorism, Demining and Related
 Programs (see note below)
Peacekeeping Operations.........  1999..............  $83,000,000.......  $76,500,000.......  $490,400,000
International Military Education  2003..............  $85,000,000.......  $79,480,000.......  $110,875,000
 and Training
Foreign Military Financing......  2003..............  $4,107,000,000....  $6,104,632,000....  $6,361,342,000
Overseas Private Investment       2016..............  Such sums as may    $70,000,000.......  $79,200,000
 Corporation Administrative                            be necessary.
 Expenses
Overseas Private Investment       2016..............  Such sums as may    $20,000,000.......  $10,000,000
 Corporation Program Account                           be necessary.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Amounts for Administration of Foreign Affairs, Operating Expenses, International Disaster Assistance,
  Economic Support Fund, and Migration and Refugee Assistance, include funds appropriated in title VIII of the
  bill and designated for OCO/GWOT pursuant to the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.
Note: Programs recommended herein under ``Global Health Programs'' were last authorized under a different
  account structure than that recommended in this bill; the account structure included a number of functional
  accounts, as described above.
Note: Programs recommended herein under ``Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and Related Programs''
  include some major programs for which authorizations of appropriations were provided for fiscal year 2002;
  these programs include $73,000,000 authorized for antiterrorism assistance and $142,000,000 authorized for
  nonproliferation activities. In addition, some programs now in this account were previously in accounts which
  had authorizations of appropriations in prior years.

                 Comparison With the Budget Resolution

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives and section 308(a)(1)(A) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the following table compares 
the levels of new budget authority provided in the bill with 
the appropriate allocation under section 302(b) of the Budget 
Act.

                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Budget authority                             Outlays
                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                       Committee                               Committee
                                      allocation        Amount  in bill       allocation        Amount  in bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mandatory\1\....................  159...............  159...............  159...............  159
Discretionary\1\................  46,000............  46,000............  48,984............  47,365
    Security....................
    Nonsecurity\l\..............  46,000............  46,000............  NA................  NA
Overseas Contingency Operations/  ..................  8,018.............  ..................  2,915
 Global War on Terrorism\2\.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
\2\Consistent with the funding recommended in the bill for overseas contingency operations and in accordance
  with subparagraph (A)(ii) of section 251(b)(2) of the Balanced Budget Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985,
  the Committee anticipates that the Budget Committee will provide, at the appropriate time, a 302(a) allocation
  for the Committee on Appropriations reflecting an upward adjustment of $8,018,000,000 in budget authority plus
  associated outlays.

                      Five Year Outlay Projections

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII and section 
308(a)(1)(B) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
following table contains five-year projections associated with 
the budget authority provided in the accompanying bill as 
provided to the Committee by the Congressional Budget Office.

                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2019.................................................          \1\18,615
2020.................................................             11,980
2021.................................................              9,868
2022.................................................              5,556
2023 and future years................................              7,359
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Excludes Outlays from prior-year budget authority.

               Assistance to State and Local Governments

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII and section 
308(a)(1)(C) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
Congressional Budget Office has provided the following 
estimates of new budget authority and outlays provided by the 
accompanying bill for financial assistance to State and local 
governments.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Budget  authority       Outlays
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Financial assistance to State and                   0                  0
 local governments................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          Program Duplication

    No provision of this bill establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                          Directed Rulemaking

    The bill does not direct any rule making.

      Comparative Statement of New Budget (Obligational) Authority

    The following table provides a detailed summary, for each 
department and agency, comparing the amounts recommended in the 
bill with fiscal year 2018 enacted amounts and budget estimates 
presented for fiscal year 2019:



            ADDITIONAL VIEWS OF REPRESENTATIVE NITA M. LOWEY

    The Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related 
Programs appropriations bill supports the diplomatic and 
development efforts critical to maintaining U.S. global 
leadership and protecting our country's national security. 
Investments in this bill provide the State Department, U.S. 
Agency for International Development (USAID), and other 
agencies the resources to help reduce global poverty, 
strengthen democratic political systems, and create greater 
political and economic stability. I am disappointed that the 
committee included a number of short-sighted poison pills in 
the Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 bill, from denying climate change to 
renewed attacks on women's health. Also problematic is the 
allocation for this bill and others and the process for 
considering bills.
    The Bipartisan Budget Act enacted early this year provided 
relief from unworkable discretionary spending caps. The 
agreement was supposed to provide the country with stability 
following a year of shutdowns, last-minute veto threats, and 
general uncertainty in government. That stability lasted long 
enough for Congress to pass a bipartisan Omnibus appropriations 
bill for FY 2018, and then Republican chaos reigned again. The 
President threatened to veto the bill, unhappy with Congress' 
large investments in programs to help low- and middle-income 
Americans and rejection of his campaign-promised border wall.
    Even after the President signed the bill, the 
Administration and Republican leadership in Congress who voted 
for the Bipartisan Budget Act and the Omnibus bill have 
continued to attempt to undo those bipartisan agreements. The 
majority passed H.R. 3, a rescission bill to undo funding and 
mollify an angry President. OMB Director Mick Mulvaney has said 
that this was the first of many rescission packages meant to 
bring spending in line with the President's priorities, 
ignoring Congressional action that dismissed the President's 
draconian FY 2018 budget request. The Senate was right to 
dismiss the rescissions package and uphold congressional 
prerogative.
    In addition to the unacceptable rescissions proposals, the 
majority's lack of transparency in allocating the FY 2019 
discretionary budget also endangers future bipartisan 
compromise. The majority abandoned longstanding committee 
practice of providing Members and the public with a budget 
blueprint for non-defense spending, known as 302(b) 
allocations. Members were asked to vote on bills without having 
the full picture on what impact each allocation would have on 
the other bills, especially those towards the end of the 
process such as this bill and the Labor, Health, and Human 
Services bill.
    With an $18 billion increase in discretionary spending for 
FY 2019, we could, and should, invest more than 1% of the 
budget in our overseas efforts. Unparalleled refugee crises, 
numerous countries on the brink of famine, and ongoing threats 
to national security demand a more robust response. The United 
States would be more secure and garner more goodwill if, 
instead of the Republican plan to waste billions of dollars on 
a border wall and a deportation force, we increased our 
investments in the diplomacy, development, and security 
assistance that is in this bill.
    With the inclusion of these controversial riders and the 
wrong-headed prioritization of funding across the government, 
Democrats were regrettably forced to oppose the bill at this 
stage.
    The activities funded in this bill support vital 
development programs that save lives and address the root 
causes of suffering, poor health, forced migration, and 
conflict. Disease, disaster, terrorism, and economic strife 
around the world continue to threaten the security, safety, and 
well-being of Americans at home and abroad. Last year, the 
world witnessed a rise in global hunger for the first time in 
more than a decade. There are currently more than 815 million 
chronically hungry people in nations all around the world--11% 
of the global population. In Somalia, South Sudan, Yemen, and 
northeastern Nigeria alone, more than 30 million people are on 
the brink of starvation due to famine-like conditions and 
violent conflict, making it impossible to access food and safe 
drinking water. Failure to maintain our international 
commitments reduces American influence around the world, 
confronting our allies and partners with dangerous instability 
and putting American interests at risk.
    A strong and capable State Department and USAID with well-
staffed embassies and missions effectively represents our 
interests by overseeing assistance programs and building 
bridges with host governments, civil societies, and the private 
sector that are at the core of our national security and 
economic interests. The investments in this bill are often the 
best means to ensure our nation does not have to pursue 
military solutions that are costlier in both lives and 
treasure.
    The bill sustains unwavering, bipartisan support for our 
close allies, Israel and Jordan. I appreciate the Chairman's 
work to preserve funding for basic education, water and 
sanitation, democracy and governance, and women's empowerment. 
These efforts provide communities the foundations for inclusive 
economic growth and poverty reduction. The bill also includes 
the International Organizations and Programs Account, 
recognizing that U.S. support for multilateral institutions 
gives taxpayers the best return on investment.
    However, I was disappointed that amendments to strike the 
harmful riders affecting women's health offered by, 
Representative Barbara Lee, Representative Katherine Clark, 
Representative Tim Ryan, and myself were all rejected on party 
line votes. I also commend Representative Matt Cartwright for 
proposing an amendment to strike the prohibition of funding on 
the Green Climate Fund.
    In another amendment rejected by a party line vote, 
Representative David Price offered an amendment that would have 
required the Department of State to share with Congress the 
diplomatic strategy, as well as an assessment of the impact, of 
the United States withdrawal from the Joint Comprehensive Plan 
of Action. This information would help Congress understand the 
Administration's Iran strategy and how relations with allies 
and partners could be repaired.
    During the time I have had the privilege to work on this 
bill, I have always tried to avoid inserting contentious 
issues. In the FY 2018 Omnibus, Congress rejected the dangerous 
riders and funding levels proposed and agreed to a final bill 
that supported United States diplomacy and development efforts 
around the world.
    As this bill moves through the House floor and a conference 
agreement is reached with the Senate, it is important for the 
voices of all Members to be heard through an open amendment 
process without a pejorative rule that blocks debate, but in an 
open and transparent manner.
    I look forward to working with Chairman Rogers and my 
colleagues in the House to improve the bill and hope my 
Republican colleagues will reconsider policy riders that would 
make it more difficult to achieve U.S. priorities.

                                                     Nita M. Lowey.