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115th Congress    }                                {    Rept. 115-880
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                {           Part 1

======================================================================



 
                         EVERY KID OUTDOORS ACT

                                _______
                                

 August 3, 2018.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Bishop of Utah, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3186]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Natural Resources to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 3186) to establish an Every Kid Outdoors program, 
and for other purposes, having considered the same, report 
favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend that the bill 
as amended do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Every Kid Outdoors Act''.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

  In this Act:
          (1) Federal land and waters.--The term ``Federal land and 
        waters'' means any Federal land or body of water under the 
        jurisdiction of any of the Secretaries to which the public has 
        access.
          (2) Program.--The term ``program'' means the Every Kid 
        Outdoors program established under section 3(a).
          (3) Secretaries.--The term ``Secretaries'' means--
                  (A) the Secretary of the Interior, acting through--
                          (i) the Director of the National Park 
                        Service;
                          (ii) the Director of the United States Fish 
                        and Wildlife Service;
                          (iii) the Director of the Bureau of Land 
                        Management; and
                          (iv) the Commissioner of Reclamation;
                  (B) the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the 
                Chief of the Forest Service;
                  (C) the Secretary of Commerce, acting through the 
                Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
                Administration; and
                  (D) the Secretary of the Army, acting through the 
                Chief of Engineers of the Corps of Engineers.
          (4) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the several 
        States, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the 
        Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands of 
        the United States, and any other territory or possession of the 
        United States.
          (5) Student or students.--The term ``student'' or 
        ``students'' means any fourth grader or home-schooled learner 
        10 years of age residing in the United States, including any 
        territory or possession of the United States.

SEC. 3. EVERY KID OUTDOORS PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretaries shall jointly establish a 
program, to be known as the ``Every Kid Outdoors program'', to provide 
free access to Federal land and waters for students and accompanying 
individuals in accordance with this section.
  (b) Annual Passes.--
          (1) In general.--At the request of a student, the Secretaries 
        shall issue a pass to the student, which allows access to 
        Federal lands and waters for which access is subject to an 
        entrance, standard amenity, or day use fee, free of charge for 
        the student and--
                  (A) in the case of a per-vehicle fee area--
                          (i) any passengers accompanying the student 
                        in a private, noncommercial vehicle; or
                          (ii) not more than 3 adults accompanying the 
                        student on bicycles; or
                  (B) in the case of a per-person fee area, not more 
                than 3 adults accompanying the student.
          (2) Term.--A pass described in paragraph (1) shall be 
        effective during the period beginning on September 1 and ending 
        on August 31 of the following year.
          (3) Presence of a student in grade four required.--A pass 
        described in paragraph (1) shall be effective only if the 
        student to which the pass was issued is present at the point of 
        entry to the applicable Federal land or water.
  (c) Other Activities.--In carrying out the program, the Secretaries--
          (1) may collaborate with State Park systems that opt to 
        implement a complementary Every Kid Outdoors State park pass;
          (2) may coordinate with the Secretary of Education to 
        implement the program;
          (3) shall maintain a publicly available website with 
        information about the program;
          (4) may provide visitor services for the program; and
          (5) may support approved partners of the Federal land and 
        waters by providing the partners with opportunities to 
        participate in the program.
  (d) Reports.--The Secretary of the Interior, in coordination with 
each Secretary, shall prepare a comprehensive report to Congress each 
year describing--
          (1) the implementation of the program;
          (2) the number and geographical distribution of students who 
        participated in the program; and
          (3) the number of passes described in subsection (b)(1) that 
        were distributed.
  (e) Sunset.--The authorities provided in this Act, including the 
reporting requirement, shall expire on the date that is seven years 
after the date of enactment of this Act.

                          PURPOSE OF THE BILL

    The purpose of H.R. 3186 is to establish an Every Kid 
Outdoors program.

                  BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION

    Since 2015, the Department of the Interior, through the 
``Every Kid in a Park'' initiative, has offered fourth graders 
and their families free entrance to our national parks and 
other federal lands. The initiative launched prior to the 
National Park Service's Centennial in 2016 as one way to 
connect with and create the next generation of park visitors. 
Funding and support for the initiative comes through the 
National Park Service's budget for youth engagement programs as 
well as from private donations and volunteer hours.\1\ To date, 
``Every Kid in a Park'' has facilitated educational activities 
for more than 350,000 fourth graders across the country and has 
provided an outdoor classroom for teachers and students across 
the 417 National Park Service units and other federal lands.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ Korte, Gregory. ``Obama to Give Free Parks Admission to Fourth 
Graders.'' USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 19 Feb. 
2015, www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2015/02/19/obama-free-
national-park-admission/23640451/.
    \2\ United States. Cong. Senate. Senate Energy & Natural Resources 
Subcommittee on National Parks. Hearing on S. 1522 July. 19, 2017. 
115th Cong. 1st sess. Washington. (statement of Bob Vogel, Acting 
Deputy Director, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the 
Interior).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    In developing the ``Every Kid in a Park'' initiative, the 
Department of the Interior focused on children 10 years of age, 
the age of most fourth graders, based on research that 
indicates children ages 9-11 are at a unique developmental 
stage where they begin to understand how the world around them 
works in more concrete ways.\3\ By targeting this age group, 
the initiative strives to provide every child in the United 
States with the opportunity to visit his or her federal lands 
and waters by age 11, thereby establishing a lifelong 
connection to our parks and other public lands.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\ Ibid. at 2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    H.R. 3186 codifies the ``Every Kid in a Park'' initiative 
by directing seven bureaus in four agencies to jointly 
establish the ``Every Kid Outdoors'' program to provide any 
fourth grader or home-schooled learner 10 years of age residing 
in the United States and any U. S. territory or possession with 
free access to publicly accessible federal lands and waters. 
The bureaus that would establish and administer the program are 
the National Park Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 
the Bureau of Land Management, the Bureau of Reclamation, the 
U.S. Forest Service, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
    A companion bill has been introduced in the Senate as S. 
1522 by Senator Martin Heinrich (D-NM).

                            COMMITTEE ACTION

    H.R. 3186 was introduced on July 11, 2017, by Congresswoman 
Niki Tsongas (D-MA). The bill was primarily referred to the 
Committee on Natural Resources, and additionally to the 
Committee on Agriculture and the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure. Within the Natural Resources Committee, the 
bill was referred to the Subcommittee on Federal Lands and the 
Subcommittee on Water, Power and Oceans. On May 16, 2018, the 
Natural Resources Committee met to consider the bill. The 
Subcommittees were discharged by unanimous consent. 
Congresswoman Madeleine Z. Bordallo (D-GU) offered an amendment 
designated 050; it was adopted by unanimous consent. 
Congressman Rob Bishop (R-UT) offered an amendment designated 
#1; it was adopted by unanimous consent. No further amendments 
were offered, and the bill, as amended, was ordered favorably 
reported to the House of Representatives by unanimous consent.

            COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

      COMPLIANCE WITH HOUSE RULE XIII AND CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT

    1. Cost of Legislation and the Congressional Budget Act. 
With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) and (3) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
sections 308(a) and 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974, the Committee has received the following estimate for the 
bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                      Washington, DC, June 8, 2018.
Hon. Rob Bishop,
Chairman, Committee on Natural Resources,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 3186, the Every 
Kid Outdoors Act.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Janani 
Shankaran.
            Sincerely,
                                             Mark P. Hadley
                                        (For Keith Hall, Director).
    Enclosure.

H.R. 3186--Every Kid Outdoors Act

    H.R. 3186 would establish the Every Kid Outdoors program, 
which would allow fourth grade students and certain 
accompanying adults free access to federal public lands and 
waters administered by the Department of the Interior, the 
Forest Service, the Army Corps of Engineers, and the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration where an entrance fee is 
charged. Because the bill would codify the existing Every Kid 
in a Park program, CBO estimates that implementing that 
provision would result in no additional costs.
    The bill also would require the participating agencies to 
submit an annual report to the Congress on the program. Based 
on the costs of similar reports, CBO estimates that 
implementing that provision would cost less than $500,000 over 
the 2019-2023 period; such spending would be subject to the 
availability of appropriated funds.
    Enacting H.R. 3186 would not affect direct spending or 
revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3186 would not increase 
net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
    H.R. 3186 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Janani 
Shankaran. The estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, 
Deputy Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.
    2. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general performance goal or 
objective of this bill is to establish an Every Kid Outdoors 
program.

                           EARMARK STATEMENT

    This bill does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined 
under clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

                    COMPLIANCE WITH PUBLIC LAW 104-4

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                       COMPLIANCE WITH H. RES. 5

    Directed Rule Making. This bill does not contain any 
directed rule makings.
    Duplication of Existing Programs. This bill does not 
establish or reauthorize a program of the federal government 
known to be duplicative of another program. Such program was 
not included in any report from the Government Accountability 
Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139 
or identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance published pursuant to the Federal Program 
Information Act (Public Law 95-220, as amended by Public Law 
98-169) as relating to other programs.

                PREEMPTION OF STATE, LOCAL OR TRIBAL LAW

    This bill is not intended to preempt any State, local or 
tribal law.

                        CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW

    If enacted, this bill would make no changes to existing 
law.
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