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115th Congress    }                                    {        Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                    {       115-902

======================================================================



 
                     STIGLER ACT AMENDMENTS OF 2018

                                _______
                                

August 21, 2018.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Bishop of Utah, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 2606]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Natural Resources, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 2606) to amend the Act of August 4, 1947 
(commonly known as the Stigler Act), with respect to 
restrictions applicable to Indians of the Five Civilized Tribes 
of Oklahoma, and for other purposes, having considered the 
same, report favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend 
that the bill as amended do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Stigler Act Amendments of 2018''.

SEC. 2. IN GENERAL.

  The first section of the Act of August 4, 1947 (61 Stat. 731, chapter 
458), is amended--
          (1) in the matter before subsection (a), by striking ``That 
        all restrictions'' and all that follows through subsection (a) 
        and inserting the following:
  ``Sec. 1. (a) All restrictions against alienation, conveyance, lease, 
mortgage, creation of liens, or other encumbrances upon all lands, 
including oil and gas or other mineral interests, in Oklahoma belonging 
to a lineal descendant by blood of an original enrollee whose name 
appears on the Final Indian Rolls of the Five Civilized Tribes in 
Indian Territory, whether acquired by allotment, inheritance, devise, 
gift, purchase, exchange, partition, partition sale, or by purchase 
with restricted funds, of whatever degree of Indian blood, and whether 
enrolled or unenrolled, shall be and are hereby, extended until an Act 
of Congress determines otherwise.
  ``(b) The extension of restrictions described in subsection (a) shall 
include without limitation, those interests in the estate of a decedent 
Indian who died before the date of enactment of the Stigler Act 
Amendments of 2018--
          ``(1) if such interests were acquired by an heir or devisee 
        of one-half or more degree of Indian blood, as computed from 
        the nearest enrolled lineal ancestors of Indian blood enrolled 
        on the Final Rolls described in subsection (a), by final order 
        issued by an Oklahoma district court or a United States 
        district court determining the decedent's heirs or devisees or 
        otherwise determining the ownership of said interests before 
        said date; or
          ``(2) if such interests were, immediately prior to the 
        decedent's death, subject to restrictions and had not, as of 
        said date, been--
                  ``(A) the subject of a final order issued by an 
                Oklahoma district court or a United States district 
                court determining the decedent's heirs or devisees or 
                otherwise determining the ownership of said interests;
                  ``(B) conveyed by the decedent's undetermined heirs 
                or devisees by deed approved by an Oklahoma district 
                court; or
                  ``(C) conveyed by the decedent's undetermined heirs 
                or devisees of less than one-half degree of Indian 
                blood with or without Oklahoma district court approval.
  ``Sec. 2. (a) Except as provided in subsection (f), subsection (g), 
subsection (h), and subsection (i), no conveyance, including an oil and 
gas or mineral lease, of any interest in the restricted lands described 
in this section shall be valid unless approved in open court by the 
district court of the county in Oklahoma in which the land is 
situated;'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking ``county judge'' and inserting 
                ``district judge''; and
                  (B) by striking ``Proceedings for approval of 
                conveyances by restricted heirs or devisees'' and 
                inserting ``Proceedings for approval of conveyances'';
          (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``best interest of the 
        Indian'' and inserting ``best interest of the grantor''; and
          (4) by adding before the period at the end the following: ``; 
        (h) nothing contained in this section shall limit or affect the 
        right of an Indian owner of restricted lands described in this 
        Act to seek and obtain Secretarial removal of restrictions on 
        all or any portion of said restricted lands in accordance with 
        any applicable Federal law; (i) nothing contained in this 
        section shall invalidate the alienation, conveyance, lease, 
        including oil and gas or other mineral leases, mortgage, 
        creation of liens, or other encumbrance of any lands, if such 
        action was effective before the date of enactment of the 
        Stigler Act Amendments of 2018 and valid under the law then in 
        effect; and (j) in determining the quantum of Indian blood of 
        any Indian heir or devisee, the Final Indian Rolls of the Five 
        Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory as to such heir or 
        devisee, if enrolled, shall be conclusive of his or her quantum 
        of Indian blood. If unenrolled, his or her degree of Indian 
        blood shall be computed from the nearest enrolled lineal 
        ancestors of Indian blood enrolled on the Final Indian Rolls of 
        the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory''.

SEC. 3. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

  The Act of August 4, 1947 (61 Stat. 731, chapter 458), is amended--
          (1) in section 5, by striking ``of one-half or more Indian 
        blood,'';
          (2) in section 6(c)--
                  (A) by inserting ``purchase, partition sale,'' after 
                ``gift,'' each place it appears; and
                  (B) by striking ``of one-half or more Indian blood''; 
                and
          (3) in section 8, by striking ``of one-half or more Indian 
        blood,''.

SEC. 4. REPEALS.

  The following are repealed:
          (1) The first section of the Act of August 11, 1955 (69 Stat. 
        666, chapter 768).
          (2) Section 2 of the Act of August 4, 1947 (61 Stat. 731, 
        chapter 458).

                          Purpose of the Bill

    The purpose of H.R. 2606 is to amend the Act of August 4, 
1947 (commonly known as the Stigler Act) with respect to 
restrictions applicable to Indians of the Five Civilized Tribes 
of Oklahoma.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    Oklahoma is home to 38 federally-recognized Indian tribes, 
a majority of which were resettled involuntarily, some 
forcibly, during the mid-1800s. The first tribes removed to 
what is now Oklahoma were the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, 
Cherokee and Seminoles, which are collectively called the Five 
Civilized Tribes.
    The Five Civilized Tribes have stood together in different 
forms since 1842, when the Five Tribes first formed the Inter-
Tribal Council of the Deep Fork River.\1\ According to the Five 
Tribes, they recognized the need to stand together after being 
removed to Indian Territory (what is now Oklahoma). The Five 
Tribes formed the United Nations of Indian Territory in 1861, 
the Okmulgee Council in 1866, and most recently the Inter-
Tribal Council of the Five Civilized Tribes in 1949.\2\ Today, 
the Inter-Tribal Council represents over 650,000 tribal members 
from the Five Tribes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=IN033.
    \2\http://www.fivecivilizedtribes.org/Home/History/Chapter-One.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Under the General Allotment Act of 1887 (also known as the 
Dawes Act),\3\ Congress sought to end the tribal and 
reservation system in which Indians had been living by making 
them individual property owners through allotment of the 
reservations. Under the Act, the President was authorized to 
allot 80-acre or 160-acre parcels of land in Indian 
reservations to individual Indians located on them, and to open 
remaining surplus lands to non-Indian settlement. In 1893, the 
Dawes Commission\4\ was created by Congress in part to seek 
allotment of the lands of the Five Tribes. In 1898, Congress 
enacted the Curtis Act\5\ which provided for the allotment of 
the Five Tribes' lands and authorized townsites that were 
opened to non-Indian ownership.\6\ Most tribal lands of the 
Five Tribes were allotted between 1897 and 1902 with most 
being, as a matter of federal law, inalienable (cannot be sold 
or otherwise transferred) and nontaxable.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\Stat. 388, chapter 119.
    \4\Act of March 3, 1893, 16, 27 Stat. 612.
    \5\Act of June 28, 1898, 30 Stat. 495.
    \6\In doing so, it began the process of preparing Indian Territory 
to become the State of Oklahoma in 1906-1907.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    In 1947, Congress passed the Stigler Act\7\ which sets 
forth certain additional restrictions on title to the 
allotments that had been conveyed to members of the Five 
Tribes. The Act provides that, upon probate, heirs and devisees 
of an allotment shall maintain at least one-half degree Indian 
blood quantum from one of the Five Tribes for the allotment to 
remain inalienable and nontaxable for the life of the owner. 
The effect of the Stigler Act has been that when a person of 
less than one-half degree Indian blood from one of the Five 
Tribes inherits an interest in an allotment, the interest in 
the land can be sold or exchanged and is taxable. None of the 
Five Tribes maintain a minimum degree blood quantum for 
membership.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\The Act of August 4, 1947 (61 Stat. 731, chapter 458).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Several attempts have been made to comprehensively update 
the Stigler Act. In 2000, H.R. 5308 was passed by the House, 
but the House bill and the Senate companion bill (S. 3182), saw 
no further action in the 106th Congress. The bill was 
introduced again in the 107th Congress as H.R. 2880, passing 
the House again in 2002. The bill was reported by the Senate 
Committee on Indian Affairs but failed to become law.
    Rather than make a comprehensive update of the entire 
Stigler Act, H.R. 2606 would amend the Stigler Act to remove 
the Indian blood quantum requirement for interests in certain 
allotments of land to be maintained in restricted fee status\8\ 
for any member of the Five Tribes. Under the bill, restricted 
fee land currently owned by members of the Five Tribes would 
remain in restricted status regardless of the blood quantum of 
the owners.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \8\This is land or interest in land whose title is held in fee by 
an Indian, but such land may not, as a matter of federal law, be taxed 
or transferred (through sale, exchange, donation, or otherwise) without 
authorization from the federal government.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                            Committee Action

    H.R. 2606 was introduced on May 23, 2017, by Congressman 
Tom Cole (R-OK). The bill was referred to the Committee on 
Natural Resources, and within the Committee to the Subcommittee 
on Indian, Insular and Alaska Native Affairs. On October 4, 
2017, the Subcommittee held a hearing on the bill. On June 13, 
2018, the Natural Resources Committee met to consider the bill. 
The Subcommittee was discharged by unanimous consent. 
Congressman Rob Bishop (R-UT) offered an amendment designated 
#1 to the bill; it was adopted by voice vote. No additional 
amendments were offered, and the bill, as amended, was ordered 
favorably reported to the House of Representatives by voice 
vote.

            Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

      Compliance With House Rule XIII and Congressional Budget Act

    1. Cost of Legislation and the Congressional Budget Act. 
With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) and (3) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
sections 308(a) and 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974, the Committee has received the following estimate for the 
bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                   Washington, DC, August 14, 2018.
Hon. Rob Bishop,
Chairman, Committee on Natural Resources,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 2606, the Stigler 
Act Amendments of 2018.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Robert Reese.
            Sincerely,
                                        Keith Hall,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.

H.R. 2606--Stigler Act Amendments of 2018

    H.R. 2606 would amend the Act of August 4, 1947 (commonly 
known as the Stigler Act) to revise the qualifications that 
need to be met by a person who inherits land originally 
allotted to members of the Five Civilized Tribes of Oklahoma--
Cherokee, Creek (Muscogee), Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole 
Tribes--for that land to remain in restricted status. Land in 
restricted status can only be conveyed or encumbered by an 
Indian owner with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior 
according to Indian land conveyance provisions and limitations 
found in the Code of Federal Regulations. The bill would not 
apply to individuals that have inherited property in restricted 
status prior to enactment.
    Because the relevant land would remain privately owned 
whether it is held in restricted status or otherwise, CBO 
estimates that implementing the bill would have no federal 
cost.
    Enacting H.R. 2606 would not affect direct spending or 
revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 2606 would not increase 
net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
    H.R. 2606 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Robert Reese. 
The estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.
    2. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general performance goal or 
objective of this bill is to amend the Act of August 4, 1947 
(commonly known as the Stigler Act) with respect to 
restrictions applicable to Indians of the Five Civilized Tribes 
of Oklahoma.

                           Earmark Statement

    This bill does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined 
under clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

                    Compliance With Public Law 104-4

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                       Compliance With H. Res. 5

    Directed Rule Making. This bill does not contain any 
directed rule makings.
    Duplication of Existing Programs. This bill does not 
establish or reauthorize a program of the federal government 
known to be duplicative of another program. Such program was 
not included in any report from the Government Accountability 
Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139 
or identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance published pursuant to the Federal Program 
Information Act (Public Law 95-220, as amended by Public Law 
98-169) as relating to other programs.

                Preemption of State, Local or Tribal Law

    This bill is not intended to preempt any State, local or 
tribal law.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

                         ACT OF AUGUST 4, 1947


   AN ACT Relative to restrictions applicable to Indians of the Five 
         Civilized Tribes of Oklahoma, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, [That all 
restrictions upon all lands in Oklahoma belonging to members of 
the Five Civilized Tribes, whether acquired by allotment, 
inheritance, devise, gift, exchange, partition, or by purchase 
with restricted funds, of whatever degree of Indian blood, and 
whether enrolled or unenrolled, shall be, and are hereby, 
removed at and upon his or her death: Provided, (a) That except 
as provided in subdivision (f) of this section, no conveyance, 
including an oil and gas or mineral lease, of any interest in 
land acquired before or after the date of this Act by an Indian 
heir or devisee of one-half or more Indian blood, when such 
interest in land was restricted in the hands of the person from 
whom such Indian heir or devisee acquired same, shall be valid 
unless approved in open court by the county court of the county 
in Oklahoma in which the land is situated;]
  Sec. 1. (a) All restrictions against alienation, conveyance, 
lease, mortgage, creation of liens, or other encumbrances upon 
all lands, including oil and gas or other mineral interests, in 
Oklahoma belonging to a lineal descendant by blood of an 
original enrollee whose name appears on the Final Indian Rolls 
of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory, whether 
acquired by allotment, inheritance, devise, gift, purchase, 
exchange, partition, partition sale, or by purchase with 
restricted funds, of whatever degree of Indian blood, and 
whether enrolled or unenrolled, shall be and are hereby, 
extended until an Act of Congress determines otherwise.
  (b) The extension of restrictions described in subsection (a) 
shall include without limitation, those interests in the estate 
of a decedent Indian who died before the date of enactment of 
the Stigler Act Amendments of 2018--
          (1) if such interests were acquired by an heir or 
        devisee of one-half or more degree of Indian blood, as 
        computed from the nearest enrolled lineal ancestors of 
        Indian blood enrolled on the Final Rolls described in 
        subsection (a), by final order issued by an Oklahoma 
        district court or a United States district court 
        determining the decedent's heirs or devisees or 
        otherwise determining the ownership of said interests 
        before said date; or
          (2) if such interests were, immediately prior to the 
        decedent's death, subject to restrictions and had not, 
        as of said date, been--
                  (A) the subject of a final order issued by an 
                Oklahoma district court or a United States 
                district court determining the decedent's heirs 
                or devisees or otherwise determining the 
                ownership of said interests;
                  (B) conveyed by the decedent's undetermined 
                heirs or devisees by deed approved by an 
                Oklahoma district court; or
                  (C) conveyed by the decedent's undetermined 
                heirs or devisees of less than one-half degree 
                of Indian blood with or without Oklahoma 
                district court approval.
  Sec.  2. (a) Except as provided in subsection (f), subsection 
(g), subsection (h), and subsection (i), no conveyance, 
including an oil and gas or mineral lease, of any interest in 
the restricted lands described in this section shall be valid 
unless approved in open court by the district court of the 
county in Oklahoma in which the land is situated; (b) that 
petition for approval of conveyance shall be set for hearing 
not less than ten days from date of filing, and notice of 
hearing thereon, signed by the [county judge] district judge, 
reciting the consideration offered and a description of the 
land shall be given by publication in at least one issue of a 
newspaper of general circulation in the county where the land 
is located and written notice of such hearing shall be given to 
the probate attorney of the district in which the petition is 
filed at least ten days prior to the date on which the petition 
is to be heard. The grantor shall be present at said hearing 
and examined in open court before such conveyance shall be 
approved, unless the grantor and the probate attorney shall 
consent in writing that such hearing may be had and such 
conveyance approved in the absence of the grantor, and the 
court must be satisfied that the consideration has been paid in 
full. [Proceedings for approval of conveyances by restricted 
heirs or devisees] Proceedings for approval of conveyances 
under this section shall not be removable to the Federal court; 
(c) the evidence taken at the hearing shall be transcribed and 
filed of record in the case, the expense of which, including 
attorney fees and court costs, must be borne by the grantee. 
The court in its discretion, when deemed for the [best interest 
of the Indian] best interest of the grantor, may approve the 
conveyance conditionally, or may withhold approval; (d) that at 
said hearing competitive bidding may be had and a conveyance 
may be confirmed in the name of the person offering the highest 
bid therefor or when deemed necessary the court may set the 
petition for further hearing; (e) that the probate attorney 
shall have the right to appeal from any order approving 
conveyances to the district court of the county in which the 
proceedings are conducted within the time and in the manner 
provided by the laws of the State of Oklahoma in cases of 
appeal in probate matters generally, except of that no appeal 
bond shall be required; (f) that sales of the interests of 
minor and incompetent persons shall be made in conformity with 
the laws of the State of Oklahoma. Notice of such sale shall be 
given to the probate attorney of the district in which the 
petition is filed at least ten days prior to the date on which 
the petition for sale is to be heard; (g) that nothing 
contained in this section shall be construed to modify or 
repeal the Act of February 11, 1936 (49 Stat. 1135), relating 
to leases for farming and grazing purposes; (h) nothing 
contained in this section shall limit or affect the right of an 
Indian owner of restricted lands described in this Act to seek 
and obtain Secretarial removal of restrictions on all or any 
portion of said restricted lands in accordance with any 
applicable Federal law; (i) nothing contained in this section 
shall invalidate the alienation, conveyance, lease, including 
oil and gas or other mineral leases, mortgage, creation of 
liens, or other encumbrance of any lands, if such action was 
effective before the date of enactment of the Stigler Act 
Amendments of 2018 and valid under the law then in effect; and 
(j) in determining the quantum of Indian blood of any Indian 
heir or devisee, the Final Indian Rolls of the Five Civilized 
Tribes in Indian Territory as to such heir or devisee, if 
enrolled, shall be conclusive of his or her quantum of Indian 
blood. If unenrolled, his or her degree of Indian blood shall 
be computed from the nearest enrolled lineal ancestors of 
Indian blood enrolled on the Final Indian Rolls of the Five 
Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory.
  [Sec.  2. In determining the quantum of Indian blood of any 
Indian heir or devisee, the final rolls of the Five Civilized 
Tribes as to such heir or devisee, if enrolled, shall be 
conclusive of his or her quantum of Indian blood. If 
unenrolled, his or her degree of Indian blood shall be computed 
from the nearest enrolled paternal and maternal lineal 
ancestors of Indian blood enrolled on the final rolls of the 
Five Civilized Tribes.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  Sec.  5. That all funds and securities now held by, or which 
may hereafter come under the supervision of the Secretary of 
the Interior, belonging to and only so long as belonging to 
Indians of the Five Civilized Tribes in Oklahoma [of one-half 
or more Indian blood,] enrolled or unenrolled, are hereby 
declared to be restricted and shall remain subject to the 
jurisdiction of said Secretary until otherwise provided by 
Congress, subject to expenditure in the meantime for the use 
and benefit of the individual Indians to whom such funds and 
securities belong, under such rules and regulations as said 
Secretary may prescribe.
  Sec.  6. (a) Except as hereinafter provided, the tax-exempt 
lands of any Indian of the Five Civilized Tribes in Oklahoma 
shall not exceed one hundred and sixty acres, whether the said 
lands be acquired by allotment, descent, devise, gift, 
purchase, partition sale, exchange, partition, or by purchase 
with restricted funds.
  (b) All tax-exempt lands owned by an Indian of the Five 
Civilized Tribes on the date of this Act shall continue to be 
tax-exempt in the hands of such Indian during the restricted 
period: Provided, That any right to tax exemption which accrued 
prior to the date of thisAct under the provisions of the Acts 
of May 10, 1928 (45 Stat. 495), and January 27,1933 (47 Stat. 
777), shall terminate unless a certificate of tax exemption has 
been filed of record in the county where the landis located 
within two years from the date of this Act
  (c) Any interest in restricted and tax-exempt lands acquired 
by descent, devise, gift, purchase, partition sale, exchange, 
partition, or purchase with restricted funds, after the date of 
this Act by an Indian of the Five Civilized Tribes [of one-half 
or more Indian blood] shall continue to be tax-exempt during 
the restricted period: Provided, That the tax-exempt lands of 
any such heir, devisee, donee, or grantee, whether acquired by 
allotment, descent, devise, gift, purchase, partition sale, 
exchange, partition, or purchase with restricted funds, shall 
not exceed one hundred and sixty acres in the aggregate: 
Provided further, That nothing contained in this subsection 
shall be construed to terminate or abridge any right to tax 
exemption to which any Indian was entitled pn the effective 
date of this Act.
  (d) Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to 
affect any tax exemption provided by the Act of June 26, 1936 
(49 Stat. 1967).
  (e) On or before the 1st day of January of each year the 
Secretary of the Interior shall cause to be filed with the 
county treasurer of each county in the State of Oklahoma where 
restricted lands of members of the Five Civilized Tribes are 
situated a list of the nontaxable lands that have been sold 
during the preceding year.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  Sec.  8. That no tract of land, nor any interest therein, 
which is hereafter purchased by the Secretary of the Interior 
with restricted funds by or for an Indian or Indians of the 
Five Civilized Tribes in Oklahoma [of one-half or more Indian 
blood,] enrolled or unenrolled, shall be construed to be 
restricted unless the deed conveying same shows upon its face 
that such purchase was made with restricted funds.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                         ACT OF AUGUST 11, 1955

   AN ACT To extend the period of restrictions on lands belonging to 
    Indians of the Five Civilized Tribes in Oklahoma, and for other 
                               purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, [That subject 
to the provisions of section 2 of this Act, the period of 
restrictions against alienation, lease, mortgage, or other 
encumbrance of lands belonging to Indians of the Five Civilized 
Tribes in Oklahoma of one-half degree or more Indian blood, 
which period was extended to April 26,1956, by the Act of May 
10, 1928 (45 Stat. 495), is hereby extended for the lives of 
the Indians who own such lands subject to such restrictions on 
the date of this Act.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                  [all]