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                                                      Calendar No. 568
115th Congress      }                                    {      Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session         }                                    {     115-336
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     


 NATIONAL EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS REDUCTION PROGRAM REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 
                                 2017

                               __________

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

           COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION

                                   on

                                S. 1768














[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

















               September 6, 2018.--Ordered to be printed

                                   ______
		 
                     U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE 
		 
79-010                    WASHINGTON : 2018                 



























       SENATE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION
                     one hundred fifteenth congress
                             second session

                   JOHN THUNE, South Dakota, Chairman
ROGER F. WICKER, Mississippi         BILL NELSON, Florida
ROY BLUNT, Missouri                  MARIA CANTWELL, Washington
TED CRUZ, Texas                      AMY KLOBUCHAR, Minnesota
DEB FISCHER, Nebraska                RICHARD BLUMENTHAL, Connecticut
JERRY MORAN, Kansas                  BRIAN SCHATZ, Hawaii
DAN SULLIVAN, Alaska                 EDWARD J. MARKEY, Massachusetts
DEAN HELLER, Nevada                  TOM UDALL, New Mexico
JAMES M. INHOFE, Oklahoma            GARY C. PETERS, Michigan
MIKE LEE, Utah                       TAMMY BALDWIN, Wisconsin
RON JOHNSON, Wisconsin               TAMMY DUCKWORTH, Illinois
SHELLEY MOORE CAPITO, West Virginia  MARGARETWOODHASSAN, NewHampshire
      
CORY GARDNER, Colorado               CATHERINE CORTEZ MASTO, Nevada
TODD C. YOUNG, Indiana               JON TESTER, Montana
                       Nick Rossi, Staff Director
                 Adrian Arnakis, Deputy Staff Director
                    Jason Van Beek, General Counsel
                 Kim Lipsky, Democratic Staff Director
           Christopher Day, Democratic Deputy Staff Director




















                                                      Calendar No. 568
115th Congress      }                                    {      Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session         }                                    {     115-336

======================================================================



 
 NATIONAL EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS REDUCTION PROGRAM REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 
                                  2017

                                _______
                                

               September 6, 2018.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Thune, from the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                         [To accompany S. 1768]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, to 
which was referred the bill (S. 1768) to reauthorize and amend 
the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program, and for 
other purposes, having considered the same, reports favorably 
thereon with an amendment (in the nature of a substitute) and 
recommends that the bill (as amended) do pass.

                          Purpose of the Bill

    The purpose of S. 1768, as reported, is to authorize 
various seismological research and warning systems, including 
those under the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program 
(NEHRP).

                          Background and Needs

    The NEHRP is a multi-disciplinary and interagency program 
created under the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 
(EHRA)\1\ which celebrated its 40th anniversary on October 7, 
2017. It was created to facilitate private research, planning, 
decision-making, and mitigation efforts related to seismic 
activity. Although the NEHRP has received 11 authorizations 
from Congress, the program has been operating without 
authorization since fiscal year (FY) 2009,\2\ which has 
weakened its effectiveness. For example, stakeholders have 
noted there has been a drop-off in interagency coordination, 
and certain agency grants under the program have not been 
awarded.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 (42 U.S.C. 7701 et 
seq.).
    \2\National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program Reauthorization Act 
of 2004, P.L. 108-360; 118 Stat. 1668.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The following four agencies contribute to the NEHRP: the 
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), which is 
the lead agency and responsible for NEHRP planning and 
coordination; the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), 
which promotes the implementation of research results and best 
practices as well as earthquake preparedness, response, and 
public awareness efforts; the National Science Foundation 
(NSF), which supports seismology and other geological research; 
and the United States Geological Survey (USGS), which provides 
earthquake monitoring and notification services in addition to 
post-earthquake investigations and other research. The enacted 
NEHRP budgets for these agencies totaled $138.9 million in FY 
2017.\3\ The Trump administration's budget request for FY 2018 
totaled $124.1 million.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program, 2005-2017 NEHRP 
Agency Budgets, accessed on December 7, 2017 (http://www.nehrp.gov/pdf/
2005-2017_NEHRP_Agency_
Budgets_for_website_15Aug2017.pdf). Specifically, NIST contributed $5.2 
million, FEMA contributed $8.5 million, NSF contributed $54.2 million, 
and USGS contributed $67 million in FY16.
    \4\National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program, 2018 Requested 
Funding for NEHRP Agencies, accessed on December 8, 2017 (http://
www.nehrp.gov/pdf/2018_Requested_
Funding_for_NEHRPAgencies_15Aug2017.pdf).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    While it has been decades since a major earthquake has 
struck an urban area of the United States, the cost and 
national impact of such an earthquake could be devastating. 
Experts predict that a single major earthquake in California, 
the Pacific Northwest, the western and central United States, 
or parts of the Atlantic seaboard, could result in $100 billion 
to $150 billion in damages.\5\ This risk is due in part to 
significant population growth and urban development in 
earthquake-prone regions of the country, the vulnerability of 
older buildings and infrastructure, and the increased 
interdependency and interconnectedness of society and the 
economy.\6\ Describing the scale of the exposure, experts cite 
that half of the U.S. population and $59 trillion in building-
related assets are located in portions of 42 States that could 
experience damaging ground shaking levels within the next 50 
years.\7\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction, 
``Effectiveness of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program'' 
(September 2017) (http://www.nehrp.gov/pdf/
ACEHR%20report_11Sept2017.pdf).
    \6\Id.
    \7\Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         Summary of Provisions

    If enacted, S. 1768, as reported, would do the following:
           Reauthorize NIST as the lead agency of the 
        NEHRP.
           Require annual meetings of the Interagency 
        Coordinating Committee (ICC) instead of three times per 
        year.
           Require the ICC report every 2 years instead 
        of annually.
           Change data sharing requirements between 
        agencies and improve coordination between Federal and 
        State agencies in the case of an earthquake disaster.
           Require the NSF, to the extent practicable, 
        to specifically note in any notice of program funding 
        or other grant announcement that the funds used are 
        part of the NEHRP, and to track spending on research 
        that would contribute to all aspects of earthquake 
        science.
           Explicitly authorize the USGS to issue 
        earthquake warnings and other earthquake awareness 
        products, and update language on the Advanced National 
        Seismic System (ANSS).
           Direct FEMA to return to a directly-funded, 
        State-based program for earthquake risk mitigation, 
        planning, education, and preparedness efforts.
           Remove or update outdated statutory 
        language, including references to earthquake 
        prediction, seismic systems that are no longer 
        operational, and outdated authorization levels.
           Direct the completion of a comprehensive 
        assessment of the Nation's earthquake risk reduction 
        process, as called for by the Advisory Committee on 
        Earthquake Hazards Reduction in its 2015 report.
           Convene a group of experts to examine 
        buildings and critical infrastructure.
           Provide authorizations of appropriations for 
        FY 2018 through FY 2022.

                          Legislative History

    S. 1768 was introduced on September 6, 2017, by Senator 
Feinstein (for herself and Senators Cantwell, Gardner, Harris, 
Merkley, Murkowski, Murray, and Wyden). Senators Heinrich and 
Sullivan are also cosponsors of the bill. On December 13, 2017, 
the Committee met in open Executive Session and, by voice vote, 
ordered S. 1768 reported favorably with an amendment (in the 
nature of a substitute).
    Senator Gardner offered a substitute amendment, which made 
several changes to the bill, including the addition of a 5-year 
authorization of appropriations from FY 2018 through FY 2022.

                            Estimated Costs

    In accordance with paragraph 11(a) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate and section 403 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee provides the 
following cost estimate, prepared by the Congressional Budget 
Office:

S. 1768--National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program Reauthorization 
        Act of 2017

    Summary: S. 1768 would amend the Earthquake Hazards 
Reduction Act of 1977 to make changes to the National 
Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP), an interagency 
program focused on reducing earthquake-related risks to life 
and property. The bill would authorize the appropriation of 
$735 million over the 2018-2022 period for the United States 
Geological Survey (USGS), the National Science Foundation 
(NSF), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the 
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to 
continue the program.
    Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO 
estimates that implementing S. 1768 would cost $596 million 
over the 2018-2022 period. Enacting the bill would not affect 
direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go 
procedures do not apply.
    CBO estimates that enacting S. 1768 would not increase net 
direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
    S. 1768 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA).
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary effect of S. 1768 is shown in the following table. 
The costs of this legislation fall within budget functions 250 
(general science, space, and technology), 300 (natural 
resources and environment), 370 (commerce and housing credit), 
and 450 (community and regional development).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       2018      2019      2020      2021      2022    2018-2022
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 INCREASES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION
 
United States Geological Survey:
    Authorization Level............................        72        74        75        76        78        376
    Estimated Outlays..............................        21        21        21        21        21        363
National Science Foundation:
    Authorization Level............................        55        56        57        58        60        287
    Estimated Outlays..............................        10        31        43        50        53        186
Federal Emergency Management Agency:
    Authorization Level............................         9         9         9         9         9         45
    Estimated Outlays..............................         1         2         4         6         8         20
National Institute of Standards and Technology:
    Authorization Level............................         5         5         6         6         6         28
    Estimated Outlays..............................         4         5         6         6         6         27
    Total Changes:
        Authorization Level........................       141       144       147       149       153        735
        Estimated Outlays..........................        79       108       126       137       145        596
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Components do not sum to totals because of rounding.

    Basis of estimate: For this estimate, CBO assumes that S. 
1768 will be enacted near the beginning of calendar year 2018 
and that the authorized amounts will be appropriated for each 
year. Estimated outlays are based on historical spending 
patterns for this program.
    NEHRP is a nationwide program that aims to reduce risks to 
life and property in the United States that result from 
earthquakes. The main goals of the program include:
           Developing effective practices and policies 
        for earthquake loss reduction and accelerating their 
        implementation,
           Improving techniques for reducing the 
        earthquake vulnerabilities of facilities and systems,
           Improving earthquake hazard identification 
        and risk assessment methods, and
           Improving the understanding of earthquakes 
        and their effects.
    In 2017, $139 million was allocated to NEHRP. The bill 
would authorize the appropriation of $735 million over the 
2018-2022 period for USGS, NSF, FEMA, and NIST to continue the 
program. CBO estimates that implementing S. 1768 would cost 
$596 million over the 2018-2022 period and $139 million in 
years after 2022.
    Pay-As-You-Go considerations: None.
    Increase in long-term direct spending and deficits: CBO 
estimates that enacting S. 1768 would not increase net direct 
spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 
10-year periods beginning in 2028.
    Mandates: S. 1768 contains no intergovernmental or private-
sector mandates as defined in UMRA.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal Costs: Robert Reese; 
Mandates: Jon Sperl.
    Estimate approved by: H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

                      Regulatory Impact Statement

    In accordance with paragraph 11(b) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee provides the 
following evaluation of the regulatory impact of the 
legislation, as reported:

                       number of persons covered

    The Committee does not anticipate a change in the number of 
individuals and businesses covered under the existing NEHRP as 
a result of this legislation because the bill's program updates 
would primarily focus on improving the administrative and 
interagency coordination efforts of Federal agencies.

                            economic impact

    The Committee anticipates a positive economic impact from 
this legislation given that the bill would focus on improving 
earthquake risk mitigation, planning, education, and 
preparedness efforts.

                                privacy

    The Committee does not anticipate a detrimental impact on 
the personal privacy of individuals as a result of this 
legislation because the bill's updates would primarily focus on 
improving the administrative and interagency coordination 
efforts of Federal agencies.

                               paperwork

    The Committee does not anticipate a significant increase in 
paperwork burdens resulting from this legislation because there 
would not be any significant paperwork requirements added to 
the existing NEHRP.

                   Congressionally Directed Spending

    In compliance with paragraph 4(b) of rule XLIV of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee provides that no 
provisions contained in the bill, as reported, meet the 
definition of congressionally directed spending items under the 
rule.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis


Section 1. Short title; table of contents.

    This section would provide that the Act may be cited as the 
``National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program Reauthorization 
Act of 2017.''

Section 2. Modifications of findings and purpose.

    This section would modify the congressional findings and 
purposes of the EHRA to direct the NEHRP to increase the 
resilience of communities and reduce the adverse effects of 
earthquakes to individuals and communities. This section would 
add Oregon and Tennessee to the list of States explicitly cited 
in the findings section as having major or moderate seismic 
risk. This section also would add a new finding on the 
durability of the built environment and general lack of its 
suitability for operational use post-earthquake. This section 
would add another new finding highlighting the results of a 
2011 National Research Council report, which called for 18 
tasks focused on research, preparedness, and mitigation, as 
well as proposing an estimated annual funding to improve 
national earthquake resilience.\8\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \8\National Research Council, National Earthquake Resilience: 
Research, Implementation, and Outreach, (2011) accessed on December 8, 
2017 (https://www.nap.edu/catalog/13092/national-earthquake-resilience-
research-implementation-and-outreach).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Section 3. Modification of National Earthquake Hazards Reduction 
        Program.

    This section would add mapping of active faults and folds, 
liquefaction susceptibility, and susceptibility for earthquake-
induced landslides and other hazards to the activities of the 
NEHRP. It would clarify that the Director of the ICC is a 
member of the ICC, and would require the ICC to develop and 
consistently update a strategic plan and a management plan for 
the program. The ICC would be required to develop an 
interagency budget to be submitted to the Office of Management 
and Budget, develop memorandums of understanding with relevant 
Federal agencies on data sharing and resource commitment, and 
enhance coordination with other Federal departments and 
agencies, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, the Department of Agriculture, the Department 
of the Interior, the Department of Transportation, and the 
Department for Housing and Urban Development.
    This section would update the responsibilities for the 
agencies administering the NEHRP, including to emphasize NIST's 
role in research and development to improve community 
resilience through building codes and standards, and practices 
for structures and lifelines. This section would reemphasize 
FEMA's role in continuing to operate a State grant program with 
a 25 percent cost-share provided by each State; to support a 
comprehensive earthquake education, outreach, and awareness 
program; to work on performance-based design features; and to 
enter into agreements related to demonstration projects. This 
section would clarify the authority of the USGS to issue 
earthquake early warnings and add a reporting requirement for 
NSF to ensure, to the extent practicable, that the program is 
noted in announcements for funding and that research awards are 
tracked. FEMA and the USGS would be required to increase 
coordination with the Director of NIST.

Section 4. Review of risks posed by earthquakes to the United States.

    This section would require the Government Accountability 
Office to undertake a review of the effectiveness of the NEHRP 
and to identify gaps in the national earthquake risk reduction 
strategy. The review would include an examination of the risks 
and hazards posed to the United States from earthquakes, the 
effectiveness of NIST and FEMA in resiliency plan adoption, the 
progress made by NIST and the ICC related to NEHRP coordination 
and program success, the adoption of recommendations by 
governments and communities, the extent that research has led 
to action, and what legislative or administrative action may be 
appropriate to improve both the NEHRP and resiliency in 
general. A report on the review would be required to be 
completed and submitted to Congress no later than 3 years after 
the date of enactment of this Act.

Section 5. Seismic standards.

    This section would require NIST and FEMA to jointly convene 
a committee of experts to review existing building design 
features and recommend options for improving the built 
environment. This section also would require a report on that 
committee's findings to be completed and submitted to Congress 
no later than June 30, 2020.

Section 6. Management plan for Advanced National Seismic System.

    This section would require, no later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of the bill, the USGS to complete a 5-year 
management plan of the ANSS. This section also would require 
the plan to include strategies to continue development of an 
earthquake early warning system, an approach to securing 
partnerships with State and regional earthquake monitoring 
entities, a plan to encourage and support the integration of 
geospatial data products into earthquake monitoring systems, 
and a plan to include diverse and active leadership of the 
ANSS.

Section 7. Authorization of appropriations.

    This section would amend section 12 of the EHRA\9\ to 
include authorizations of appropriations at NIST, FEMA, the 
NSF, and the USGS for FY 2018 through FY 2022.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \9\42 U.S.C. 7706.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Section 8. Technical corrections.

    This section would make technical corrections, such as 
replacing incorrect references to the ``Director'' of FEMA with 
the accurate title of ``Administrator'' and simplifying 
language relating to the ANSS.

                        Changes in Existing Law

    In compliance with paragraph 12 of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
material is printed in italic, existing law in which no change 
is proposed is shown in roman):

                EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS REDUCTION ACT OF 1977


                        [42 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.]

SEC. 2. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS.

                            [42 U.S.C. 7701]

          (1) All 50 States are vulnerable to the hazards of 
        earthquakes, and at least 39 of them are subject to 
        major or moderate seismic risk, including Alaska, 
        California, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, Missouri, 
        Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, South 
        Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, and Washington. A large 
        portion of the population of the United States lives in 
        areas vulnerable to earthquake hazards.
          (2) Earthquakes have caused, and can cause in the 
        future, enormous loss of life, injury, destruction of 
        property, and economic and social disruption. With 
        respect to future earthquakes, such loss, destruction, 
        and disruption can be substantially reduced through the 
        development and implementation of earthquake hazards 
        reduction measures, including (A) improved design and 
        construction methods and practices, (B) land-use 
        controls and redevelopment, (C) [prediction techniques 
        and] early-warning systems, (D) coordinated emergency 
        preparedness plans, and (E) public education and 
        involvement programs
          (3) An expertly staffed and adequately financed 
        earthquake hazards reduction program, based on Federal, 
        State, local, and private research, planning, 
        decisionmaking, and contributions would reduce the risk 
        of such loss, destruction, and disruption in seismic 
        areas by an amount far greater than the cost of such 
        program.
          [(4) A well-funded seismological research program in 
        earthquake prediction could provide data adequate for 
        the design, of an operational system that could predict 
        accurately the time, place, magnitude, and physical 
        effects of earthquakes in selected areas of the United 
        States.]
          (4) A well-funded seismological research program 
        could provide the scientific understanding needed to 
        fully implement an effective earthquake early warning 
        system.
          (5) The geological study of active faults and 
        features can reveal how recently and how frequently 
        major earthquakes have occurred on those faults and how 
        much risk they pose. Such long-term seismic risk 
        assessments are needed in virtually every aspect of 
        earthquake hazards management, whether emergency 
        planning, public regulation, detailed building design, 
        insurance rating, or investment decision.
          (6) The vulnerability of buildings, [lifelines] 
        lifeline infrastructure, public works, and industrial 
        and emergency facilities can be reduced through proper 
        earthquake resistant design and construction practices. 
        The economy and efficacy of such procedures can be 
        substantially increased through research and 
        development.
          (7) Programs and practices of departments and 
        agencies of the United States are important to the 
        communities they serve; some functions, such as 
        emergency communications and national defense, and 
        [lifelines] lifeline infrastructure, such as dams, 
        bridges, and public works, must remain in service 
        during and after an earthquake. Federally owned, 
        operated, and influenced structures and [lifelines] 
        lifeline infrastructure should serve as models for how 
        to reduce and minimize hazards to the community.
          (8) * * *
          (12) The built environment has generally been 
        constructed and maintained to meet the needs of the 
        users under normal conditions. When earthquakes occur, 
        the built environment is generally designed to prevent 
        severe injuries or loss of human life and is not 
        expected to remain operational or able to recover under 
        any specified schedule.
          (13) The National Research Council published a study 
        on reducing hazards and risks associated with 
        earthquakes based on the goals and objectives for 
        achieving national earthquake resilience described in 
        the strategic plan entitled ``Strategic Plan for the 
        National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program''. The 
        study and an accompanying report called for work in 18 
        tasks focused on research, preparedness, and mitigation 
        and annual funding of approximately $300,000,000 per 
        year for 20 years.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

                            [42 U.S.C. 7702]

  It is the purpose of the Congress in this Act to reduce the 
risks of life and property from future earthquakes and increase 
the resilience of communities in the United States through the 
establishment and maintenance of an effective earthquake 
hazards reduction program. The objectives of such program shall 
include--
          (1) the education of the public, including State and 
        local officials, as to earthquake phenomena, the 
        identification of locations and structures which are 
        especially susceptible to earthquake damage, ways to 
        reduce the adverse consequences of an earthquake to 
        individuals and the communities, and related matters;
          (2) the development of technologically and 
        economically feasible design and construction methods 
        and procedures to make new and existing structures, in 
        areas of seismic risk, earthquake resistant, giving 
        priority to the development of such methods and 
        procedures for power generating plants, dams, 
        hospitals, schools, public utilities and other 
        [lifelines] lifeline infrastructure, public safety 
        structures, high occupancy buildings, and other 
        structures which are especially needed [in time of 
        disaster] to facilitate community-wide post-earthquake 
        recovery and in times of disaster;
          (3) the implementation to the greatest extent 
        practicable, in all areas of high or moderate seismic 
        risk, of a system (including personnel, technology, and 
        procedures) [for predicting damaging earthquakes and] 
        for identifying, evaluating, and accurately 
        characterizing seismic hazards;
          (4) the development, publication, and promotion, in 
        conjunction with State and local officials and 
        professional organizations, of model building and 
        planning codes and other means to encourage 
        consideration of information about seismic risk in 
        making decisions about land-use policy and construction 
        activity;
          (5) the development, in areas of seismic risk, of 
        improved understanding of, and capability with respect 
        to, earthquake-related issues, including methods of 
        mitigating the risks from earthquakes, planning to 
        prevent such risks, disseminating warnings of 
        earthquakes, organization emergency services, and 
        planning for [reconstruction] re-occupancy, recovery, 
        reconstruction, and redevelopment after an earthquake;
          (6) the development of ways to increase the use of 
        existing scientific and engineering knowledge to 
        mitigate earthquake hazards; and
          (7) the development of ways to assure the 
        availability of affordable earthquake insurance.

SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS.

                            [42 U.S.C. 7703]

  As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:
          (1) The term ``includes'' and variants thereof should 
        be read as if the phrase ``but is not limited to'' were 
        also set forth.
          (2) The term ``Program'' means the National 
        Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program established under 
        section 5;
          (3) The term ``seismic'' and variants thereof mean 
        having to do with, or caused by earthquakes.
          (4) The term ``State'' means each of the States of 
        the United States, the District of Columbia, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, 
        American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Mariana 
        Islands, and any other territory or possession of the 
        United States.
          (5) The term ``United States'' means, when used in a 
        geographical sense, all of the States as defined in 
        section 4(4).
          (6) The term ``[lifelines] lifeline infrastructure'' 
        means public works and utilities, including 
        transportation facilities and infrastructure, oil and 
        gas pipelines, electrical power and communication 
        facilities and infrastructure, and water supply and 
        sewage treatment facilities.
          (7) The term ``Program agencies'' means the Federal 
        Emergency Management Agency, the United States 
        Geological Survey, the National Science Foundation, and 
        the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
          (8) The term ``Interagency Coordinating Committee'' 
        means the Interagency Coordinating Committee on 
        Earthquake Hazards Reduction established under section 
        5(a).
          (9) The term ``Advisory Committee'' means the 
        Advisory Committee established under section 5(a)(5)
          (10) The term ``community resilience'' means the 
        ability of a community to prepare and plan for, absorb, 
        recover from, and more successfully adapt to adverse 
        seismic events.

SEC. 5. NATIONAL EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS REDUCTION PROGRAM.

                            [42 U.S.C. 7704]

  (a) Establishment.--
          (1) In general.--There is established the National 
        Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program.
          (2) Program activities.--The activities of the 
        Program shall be designed to--
                  (A) develop effective measures for earthquake 
                hazards reduction;
                  (B) promote the adoption of earthquake 
                hazards reduction measures by Federal, State, 
                and local governments, national standards and 
                model code organizations, architects and 
                engineers, building owners, and others with a 
                role in planning and constructing buildings, 
                structures, and [lifelines] lifeline 
                infrastructure through--
                          (i) grants, contracts, cooperative 
                        agreements, and technical assistance;
                          (ii) development of standards, 
                        guidelines, and voluntary consensus 
                        codes for earthquake hazards reduction 
                        for buildings, structures, and 
                        [lifelines] lifeline infrastructure;
                          (iii) development and maintenance of 
                        a repository of information, including 
                        technical data, on seismic risk, 
                        community resilience, and hazards 
                        reduction; and
                          (iv) publishing a systematic set of 
                        maps of active faults and folds, 
                        liquefaction susceptibility, 
                        susceptibility for earthquake induced 
                        landslides, and other seismically 
                        induced hazards; and
                  (C) improve the understanding of earthquakes 
                and their effects on communities, buildings, 
                structures, and [lifelines] lifeline 
                infrastructure, through interdisciplinary 
                research that involves engineering, natural 
                sciences, and social, economic, and decisions 
                sciences; and
                  (D) [develop, operate, and maintain an 
                Advanced National Seismic Research and 
                Monitoring System established under section 13 
                of the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 
                (42 U.S.C. 7707), the George E. Brown, Jr. 
                Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation 
                established under section 14 of that Act (42 
                U.S.C. 7708),] continue the development of the 
                Advanced National Seismic System, including 
                earthquake early warning capabilities and the 
                Global Seismographic Network.
          (3) Interagency coordinating committee on earthquake 
        hazards reduction.--
                  (A) In general.--There is established an 
                Interagency Coordinating Committee on 
                Earthquake Hazards Reduction chaired by the 
                Director of the National Institute of Standards 
                and Technology (referred to in this subsection 
                as the ``Director'').
                  (B) Membership.--[The committee] In addition 
                to the Director, the committee shall be 
                composed of [the directors of]--
                          (i) the Administrator of the Federal 
                        Emergency Management Agency;
                          (ii) the Director of the United 
                        States Geological Survey;
                          (iii) the Director of the National 
                        Science Foundation;
                          (iv) the Director of the Office of 
                        Science and Technology Policy; and
                          (v) the Director of the Office of 
                        Management and Budget.
                  (C) Meetings.--The Committee shall meet [not 
                less than 3 times a year] not less frequently 
                than once each year at the call of the 
                Director.
                  [(D) Purpose and duties.--The Interagency 
                Coordinating Committee shall oversee the 
                planning, management, and coordination of the 
                Program. The Interagency Coordinating Committee 
                shall--
                          [(i) develop, not later than 6 months 
                        after the date of enactment of the 
                        National Earthquake Hazards Reduction 
                        Program Reauthorization Act of 2004 and 
                        update periodically--
                                  [(I) a strategic plan that 
                                establishes goals and 
                                priorities for the Program 
                                activities described under 
                                subsection (a)(2); and
                                  [(II) a detailed management 
                                plan to implement such 
                                strategic plan; and
                          [(ii) develop a coordinated 
                        interagency budget for the Program that 
                        will ensure appropriate balance among 
                        the Program activities described under 
                        subsection (a)(2), and, in accordance 
                        with the plans developed under clause 
                        (i), submit such budget to the Director 
                        of the Office of Management and Budget 
                        at the time designated by that office 
                        for agencies to submit annual budgets.]
                  (D) Duties.--
                          (i) General duty.--The Interagency 
                        Coordinating Committee shall oversee 
                        the planning, management, and 
                        coordination of the Program.
                          (ii) Specific duties.--The duties of 
                        the Interagency Coordinating Committee 
                        include the following:
                                  (I) Developing, not later 
                                than 6 months after the date of 
                                the enactment of the National 
                                Earthquake Hazards Reduction 
                                Program Reauthorization Act of 
                                2004 and updating 
                                periodically--
                                          (aa) a strategic plan 
                                        that establishes goals 
                                        and priorities for the 
                                        Program activities 
                                        described under 
                                        subsection (a)(2); and
                                          (bb) a detailed 
                                        management plan to 
                                        implement such 
                                        strategic plan.
                                  (II) Developing a coordinated 
                                interagency budget for the 
                                Program that will ensure 
                                appropriate balance among the 
                                Program activities described 
                                under subsection (a)(2), and, 
                                in accordance with the plans 
                                developed under subclause (I), 
                                submitting such budget to the 
                                Director of the Office of 
                                Management and Budget at the 
                                time designated by the Director 
                                for agencies to submit biennial 
                                budgets.
                                  (III) Developing interagency 
                                memorandums of understanding 
                                with any relevant Federal 
                                agencies on data sharing and 
                                resource commitment in the 
                                event of an earthquake 
                                disaster.
                                  (IV) Coordinating with the 
                                Administrator of the National 
                                Aeronautics and Space 
                                Administration and the 
                                Administrator of the National 
                                Oceanic and Atmospheric 
                                Administration on data sharing 
                                and resource allocation to 
                                ensure judicious use of 
                                Government resources and the 
                                free-flowing exchange of 
                                information related to 
                                earthquakes.
                                  (V) Coordinating with the 
                                Secretary of Agriculture and 
                                the Secretary of the Interior 
                                on the use of public lands for 
                                earthquake monitoring and 
                                research stations, and related 
                                data collection.
                                  (VI) Coordinating with the 
                                Secretary of Transportation and 
                                the Secretary of Housing and 
                                Urban Development on the 
                                effects of earthquakes on 
                                transportation and housing 
                                stocks.
                          (iii) Assistance from secretary of 
                        agriculture and secretary of the 
                        interior.--To the extent practicable, 
                        the Secretary of Agriculture and the 
                        Secretary of the Interior shall 
                        expedite any request for a permit to 
                        use public land under clause (ii)(V).
          (4) [Annual] biennial report.--[The Interagency 
        Coordinating Committee shall transmit, at the time of 
        the President's budget request to Congress, an annual 
        report to the Committee on Science and the Committee on 
        Resources of the House of Representatives, and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
        the Senate]
                  (A) In general.--Not less frequently than 
                once every two years, the Interagency 
                Coordinating Committee shall submit to the 
                Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation, the Committee on Energy and 
                Natural Resources, and the Committee on 
                Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of 
                the Senate and the Committee on Energy and 
                Commerce, the Committee on Natural Resources, 
                and the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
                House of Representatives a report on the 
                Program. Such report shall include--
                  [(A)](i) the Program budget for the current 
                fiscal year for each agency that participates 
                in the Program, and for each major goal 
                established for the Program activities under 
                [subparagraph (3)(A)] paragraph (3)(D)(i)(I);
                  [(B)](ii) the proposed Program budget for the 
                next fiscal year for each agency that 
                participates in the Program, and for each major 
                goal established for the Program activities 
                under [subparagraph (3)(A)] paragraph 
                (3)(D)(i)(I);
                  [(C)](iii) a description of the activities 
                and results of the Program during the previous 
                year, including an assessment of the 
                effectiveness of the Program in furthering the 
                goals established in the strategic plan [under 
                (3)(A)] under paragraph (3)(D)(i)(I);
                  [(D)](iv) a description of the extent to 
                which the Program has incorporated the 
                recommendations of the Advisory Committee;
                  [(E)](v) a description of activities, 
                including budgets for the current fiscal year 
                and proposed budgets for the next fiscal year, 
                that are carried out by Program agencies and 
                contribute to the Program, but are not included 
                in the Program[; and];
                  [(F)](vi) a description of the activities, 
                including budgets for the current fiscal year 
                and proposed budgets for the following fiscal 
                year, related to the grant program carried out 
                under subsection (b)(2)(A)(i)[.]; and
                          (vii) a statement regarding whether 
                        the Administrator of the Federal 
                        Emergency Management Agency has lowered 
                        or waived the cost share requirement 
                        for assistance provided under 
                        subsection (b)(2)(A)(i).
                  (B) Support for preparation of report.--Each 
                head of a Program agency shall submit to the 
                Director of the National Institute of Standards 
                and Technology such information as the Director 
                may request for the preparation of a report 
                under subparagraph (A) not later than 90 days 
                after the date on which the Director requests 
                such information.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\The amendments to paragraph (4) would take effect on the first 
day of the first fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
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          (5) Advisory committee.--
                  (A) In general.--The Director shall establish 
                an Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards 
                Reduction of at least 11 members, none of whom 
                may be an employee (as defined in subparagraphs 
                (A) through (F) of section 7342(a)(1) of title 
                5, United States Code, including 
                representatives of research and academic 
                institutions, industry standards development 
                organizations, State and local government, and 
                financial communities who are qualified to 
                provide advice on earthquake hazards reduction 
                and represent all related scientific, 
                architectural, and engineering disciplines. The 
                recommendations of the Advisory Committee shall 
                be considered by Federal agencies in 
                implementing the Program.
                  (B) Assessment.--The Advisory Committee shall 
                assess--
                          (i) trends and developments in the 
                        science and engineering of earthquake 
                        hazards reduction;
                          (ii) effectiveness of the Program in 
                        carrying out the activities under 
                        (a)(2);
                          (iii) the need to revise the Program; 
                        and
                          (iv) the management, coordination, 
                        implementation, and activities of the 
                        Program.
                  (C) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the 
                date of enactment of the National Earthquake 
                Hazards Reduction Program Reauthorization Act 
                of 2004 and at least once every 2 years 
                thereafter, the Advisory Committee shall report 
                to the Director on its findings of the 
                assessment carried out under subparagraph (B) 
                and its recommendations for ways to improve the 
                Program. In developing recommendations, the 
                Committee shall consider the recommendations of 
                the United States Geological Survey Scientific 
                Earthquake Studies Advisory Committee.
                  (D) Federal advisory committee act 
                application.--Section 14 of the Federal 
                Advisory Committee Act (5 App. U.S.C. 14) shall 
                not apply to the Advisory Committee.
  (b) Responsibilities of Program Agencies.--
          (1) Lead agency.--The National Institute of Standards 
        and Technology shall have the primary responsibility 
        for planning and coordinating the Program. In carrying 
        out this paragraph, the Director of the Institute 
        shall--
                  (A) ensure that the Program includes the 
                necessary steps to promote the implementation 
                of earthquake hazard reduction measures by 
                Federal, State, and local governments, national 
                standards and model building code 
                organizations, architects and engineers, and 
                others with a role in planning [and 
                constructing] constructing, evaluating, and 
                retrofitting buildings and [lifelines] lifeline 
                infrastructure;
                  (B) support the development of performance-
                based seismic engineering tools, and work with 
                appropriate groups to promote the commercial 
                application of such tools, through earthquake-
                related building codes, standards, and 
                construction practices;
                  (C) request the assistance of Federal 
                agencies other than the Program agencies, as 
                necessary to assist in carrying out this Act; 
                and
                  (D) work with the Federal Emergency 
                Management Agency, the National Science 
                Foundation, and the United States Geological 
                Survey, to develop a comprehensive plan for 
                earthquake engineering research to provide new 
                and effectively use existing testing facilities 
                and laboratories (existing at the time of the 
                development of the plan), upgrade facilities 
                and equipment as needed, and integrate new, 
                innovative testing approaches to the research 
                infrastructure in a systematic manner.
          [(2) Department of homeland security; federal 
        emergency management agency.--
                  [(A) Program responsibilities.--The Under 
                Secretary of Homeland Security for Emergency 
                Preparedness and Response (the Director of the 
                Federal Emergency Management Agency)--
                          [(i) shall work closely with national 
                        standards and model building code 
                        organizations, in conjunction with the 
                        National Institute of Standards and 
                        Technology, to promote the 
                        implementation of research results;
                          [(ii) shall promote better building 
                        practices within the building design 
                        and construction industry including 
                        architects, engineers, contractors, 
                        builders, and inspectors;
                          [(iii) shall operate a program of 
                        grants and assistance to enable States 
                        to develop mitigation, preparedness, 
                        and response plans, prepare inventories 
                        and conduct seismic safety inspections 
                        of critical structures and lifelines, 
                        update building and zoning codes and 
                        ordinances to enhance seismic safety, 
                        increase earthquake awareness and 
                        education, and encourage the 
                        development of multi-State groups for 
                        such purposes;
                          [(iv) shall support the 
                        implementation of a comprehensive 
                        earthquake education and public 
                        awareness program, including 
                        development of materials and their wide 
                        dissemination to all appropriate 
                        audiences and support public access to 
                        locality-specific information that may 
                        assist the public in preparing for, 
                        mitigating against, responding to and 
                        recovering from earthquakes and related 
                        disasters;
                          [(v) shall assist the National 
                        Institute of Standards and Technology, 
                        other Federal agencies, and private 
                        sector groups, in the preparation, 
                        maintenance, and wide dissemination of 
                        seismic resistant design guidance and 
                        related information on building codes, 
                        standards, and practices for new and 
                        existing buildings, structures, and 
                        lifelines, and aid in the development 
                        of performance-based design guidelines 
                        and methodologies supporting model 
                        codes for buildings, structures, and 
                        lifelines that are cost effective and 
                        affordable;
                          [(vi) shall develop, coordinate, and 
                        execute the National Response Plan when 
                        required following an earthquake, and 
                        support the development of specific 
                        State and local plans for each high 
                        risk area to ensure the availability of 
                        adequate emergency medical resources, 
                        search and rescue personnel and 
                        equipment, and emergency broadcast 
                        capability;
                          [(vii) shall develop approaches to 
                        combine measures for earthquake hazards 
                        reduction with measures for reduction 
                        of other natural and technological 
                        hazards including performance-based 
                        design approaches;
                          [(viii) shall provide preparedness, 
                        response, and mitigation 
                        recommendations to communities after an 
                        earthquake prediction has been made 
                        under paragraph (3)(D); and
                          [(ix) may enter into cooperative 
                        agreements or contracts with States and 
                        local jurisdictions and other Federal 
                        agencies to establish demonstration 
                        projects on earthquake hazard 
                        mitigation, to link earthquake research 
                        and mitigation efforts with emergency 
                        management programs, or to prepare 
                        educational materials for national 
                        distribution.
                  [(B) State assistance program criteria.--In 
                order to qualify for assistance under 
                subparagraph (A)(i), a state must--
                          [(i) demonstrate that the assistance 
                        will result in enhanced seismic safety 
                        in the State;
                          [(ii) provide a share of the costs of 
                        the activities for which assistance is 
                        being given, in accordance with 
                        subparagraph (C); and
                          [(iii) meet such other requirements 
                        as the Director of the Agency shall 
                        prescribe.
                  [(C) Non-federal cost sharing.--
                          [(i) In the case of any State which 
                        has received, before October 1, 1990, a 
                        grant from the Agency for activities 
                        under this Act which included a 
                        requirement for cost sharing by 
                        matching such grant, any grant obtained 
                        from the Agency for activities under 
                        subparagraph (A)(i) after such date 
                        shall not include a requirement for 
                        cost sharing in an amount greater than 
                        50 percent of the cost of the project 
                        for which the grant is made.
                          [(ii) In the case of any State which 
                        has not received, before October 1, 
                        1990, a grant from the Agency for 
                        activities under this Act which 
                        included a requirement for cost sharing 
                        by matching such grant, any grant 
                        obtained from the Agency for activities 
                        under subparagraph (A)(i) after such 
                        date--
                                  [(I) shall not include a 
                                requirement for cost sharing 
                                for the first fiscal year of 
                                such a grant;
                                  [(II) shall not include a 
                                requirement for cost sharing in 
                                an amount greater than 25 
                                percent of the cost of the 
                                project for which the grant is 
                                made for the second fiscal year 
                                of such grant, and an cost 
                                sharing requirement may be 
                                satisfied through in-kind 
                                contributions;
                                  [(III) shall not include a 
                                requirement for cost sharing in 
                                an amount greater than 35 
                                percent of the cost of the 
                                project for which the grant is 
                                made for the third fiscal year 
                                of such grant, and any cost 
                                sharing requirement may be 
                                satisfied through in-kind 
                                contributions; and
                                  [(IV) shall not include a 
                                requirement for cost sharing in 
                                an amount greater than 50 
                                percent of the cost of the 
                                project for which the grant is 
                                made for the fourth and 
                                subsequent fiscal years of such 
                                grant.]
          (2) Department of homeland security; federal 
        emergency management agency.--
                  (A) Program responsibilities.--The 
                Administrator of the Federal Emergency 
                Management Agency--
                          (i) shall operate a program of grants 
                        and assistance to enable States to 
                        develop mitigation, preparedness, and 
                        response plans, purchase necessary 
                        instrumentation, prepare inventories 
                        and conduct seismic safety inspections 
                        of critical structures and lifelines, 
                        update building, land use planning, and 
                        zoning codes and ordinances to enhance 
                        seismic safety, increase earthquake 
                        awareness and education, and provide 
                        assistance to multi-State groups for 
                        such purposes;
                          (ii) shall support the implementation 
                        of a comprehensive earthquake 
                        education, outreach, and public 
                        awareness program, including 
                        development of materials and their wide 
                        dissemination to all appropriate 
                        audiences and support public access to 
                        locality-specific information that may 
                        assist the public in preparing for, 
                        mitigating against, responding to and 
                        recovering from earthquakes and related 
                        disasters;
                          (iii) shall, in conjunction with the 
                        Director of the National Institute of 
                        Standards and Technology, other Federal 
                        agencies, and private sector groups, 
                        use research results to support the 
                        preparation, maintenance, and wide 
                        dissemination of seismic resistant 
                        design guidance and related information 
                        on building codes, standards, and 
                        practices for new and existing 
                        buildings, structures, and lifelines, 
                        aid in the development of performance-
                        based design guidelines and 
                        methodologies, and support model codes 
                        that are cost effective and affordable 
                        in order to promote better practices 
                        within the design and construction 
                        industry and reduce losses from 
                        earthquakes;
                          (iv) shall enter into cooperative 
                        agreements or contracts with States and 
                        local jurisdictions and other Federal 
                        agencies to establish demonstration 
                        projects on earthquake hazard 
                        mitigation, to link earthquake research 
                        and mitigation efforts with emergency 
                        management programs, or to prepare 
                        educational materials for national 
                        distribution; and
                          (v) shall support the Director of the 
                        National Institute of Standards and 
                        Technology in the completion of 
                        programmatic goals.
                  (B) State assistance program criteria.--In 
                order to qualify for assistance under 
                subparagraph (A)(i), a State must--
                          (i) demonstrate that the assistance 
                        will result in enhanced seismic safety 
                        in the State;
                          (ii) provide 25 percent of the costs 
                        of the activities for which assistance 
                        is being given, except that the 
                        Administrator may lower or waive the 
                        cost-share requirement for these 
                        activities for a small impoverished 
                        community, as defined in section 203 of 
                        the Disaster Relief Act of 1974 (42 
                        U.S.C. 5133(a)); and
                          (iii) meet such other requirements as 
                        the Administrator shall prescribe.
          (3) United states geological survey.--The United 
        States Geological Survey shall conduct research and 
        other activities necessary to characterize and identify 
        earthquake hazards, assess earthquake risks, monitor 
        seismic activity, and improve earthquake [predictions.] 
        forecasts. In carrying out this paragraph, the Director 
        of the United States Geological Survey shall report on 
        significant domestic and international earthquakes 
        and--
                  (A) conduct a systematic assessment of the 
                seismic risks in each region of the Nation 
                prone to earthquakes, including, where 
                appropriate, the establishment and operation of 
                intensive monitoring projects on hazardous 
                faults, seismic microzonation studies in urban 
                and other developed areas where earthquake risk 
                is determined to be significant, and 
                engineering seismology studies;
                  (B) work with officials of State and local 
                governments to ensure that they are 
                knowledgeable about the specific seismic risks 
                in their areas;
                  (C) develop standard procedures, in 
                consultation with the Director of the Federal 
                Emergency Management Agency and the Director of 
                the National Institute of Standards and 
                Technology, for issuing earthquake 
                [predictions, including aftershock advisories] 
                alerts and early warnings;
                  [(D) issue when necessary, and notify the 
                [Director of the Federal] Administrator of the 
                Federal Emergency Management Agency and the 
                Director of the National Institute of Standards 
                and Technology of, an earthquake prediction or 
                other earthquake advisory, which may be 
                evaluated by the National Earthquake Prediction 
                Evaluation Council, which shall be exempt from 
                the requirements of section 10(a)(2) of the 
                Federal Advisory Committee Act when meeting for 
                such purposes;]
                  (D) issue when necessary and feasible, and 
                notify the Administrator of the Federal 
                Emergency Management Agency, the Director of 
                the National Institute of Standards and 
                Technology, and State and local officials, an 
                alert and an earthquake warning;
                  (E) operate, [using] including the National 
                Earthquake Information Center, a forum for the 
                international exchange of earthquake 
                information which shall--
                          (i) promote the exchange of 
                        information on earthquake research and 
                        earthquake preparedness between the 
                        United States and other nations;
                          (ii) maintain a library containing 
                        selected reports, research papers, and 
                        data produced through the Program;
                          (iii) answer requests from other 
                        nations for information on United 
                        States earthquake research and 
                        earthquake preparedness programs; and
                          (iv) direct foreign requests to the 
                        agency involved in the Program which is 
                        best able to respond to the request;
                  (F) operate a National Seismic System;
                  (G) support regional seismic networks, which 
                shall complement the National Seismic Network;
                  (H) work with the National Science 
                Foundation, the Federal Emergency Management 
                Agency, and the National Institute of Standards 
                and Technology to develop a comprehensive plan 
                for earthquake engineering research to 
                effectively use existing testing facilities and 
                laboratories (in existence at the time of the 
                development of the plan), upgrade facilities 
                and equipment as needed, and integrate new, 
                innovative testing approaches to the research 
                infrastructure in a systematic manner.
                  (I) work with other Program agencies to 
                coordinate Program activities with similar 
                earthquake hazards reduction efforts in other 
                countries, to ensure that the Program benefits 
                from relevant information and advances in those 
                countries[; and];
                  (J) maintain suitable seismic hazard maps and 
                data in support of building codes for 
                structures and [lifelines] lifeline 
                infrastructure, including additional maps 
                needed for performance-based design 
                approaches[.]; and
                  (K) support the Director of the National 
                Institute of Standards and Technology in the 
                completion of programmatic goals.
          (4) National science foundation.--[The National 
        Science Foundation]
                  (A) In general.--The National Science 
                Foundation shall be responsible for funding 
                research on earth sciences to improve the 
                understanding of the causes and behavior of 
                earthquakes, on earthquake engineering, and on 
                human response to earthquakes. In carrying out 
                this paragraph, the Director of the National 
                Science Foundation shall--
                  [(A)](i) encourage prompt dissemination of 
                significant findings, sharing of data, samples, 
                physical collections, and other supporting 
                materials, and development of intellectual 
                property so research results can be used by 
                appropriate organizations to mitigate 
                earthquake damage;
                  [(B)](ii) in addition to supporting 
                individual investigators, support university 
                research consortia, State agencies, State 
                geological surveys, and centers for research in 
                geosciences and in earthquake engineering;
                  [(C)](iii) work closely with the United 
                States Geological Survey to support applied 
                science in the production of a systematic 
                series of earthquake-related geologic hazard 
                maps, and to identify geographic regions of 
                national concern that should be the focus of 
                targeted solicitations for earthquake-related 
                research proposals;
                  [(D)](iv) support research that improves the 
                safety and performance of buildings, 
                structures, and lifeline systems using [large-
                scale experimental and computational facilities 
                of the George E. Brown Jr. Network for 
                Earthquake Engineering Simulation and other 
                institutions engaged in research and the 
                implementation of the National Earthquake 
                Hazards Reduction Program] experimental and 
                computational facilities;
                  [(E)](v) emphasize, in earthquake engineering 
                research, development of economically feasible 
                methods to retrofit existing buildings and to 
                protect [lifelines] lifeline infrastructure to 
                mitigate earthquake damage;
                  [(F)](vi) support research that studies the 
                political, economic, and social factors that 
                influence the implementation of hazard 
                reduction measures;
                  [(G)](vii) include to the maximum extent 
                practicable diverse institutions, including 
                Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
                and those serving large proportions of 
                Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian-Pacific 
                Americans, and other underrepresented 
                populations[; and];
                  [(H)](viii) develop, in conjunction with the 
                Federal Emergency Management Agency, the 
                National Institute of Standards and Technology, 
                and the United States Geological Survey, a 
                comprehensive plan for earthquake engineering 
                research to effectively use existing testing 
                facilities and laboratories (in existence at 
                the time of the development of the plan), 
                upgrade facilities and equipment as needed, and 
                integrate new, innovative testing approaches to 
                the research infrastructure in a systematic 
                manner[.]; and
                  [(I)](ix) support the Director of the 
                National Institute of Standards and Technology 
                in the completion of programmatic goals.
                  (B) Identification of funding.--The National 
                Science Foundation shall--
                          (i) to the extent practicable, note 
                        in any notice of Program funding or 
                        other funding possibilities under the 
                        Program that the funds are part of the 
                        Program;
                          (ii) to the extent practicable, track 
                        the awarding of Federal funds through 
                        the Program; and
                          (iii) not less frequently than once 
                        every 2 years, submit to the director 
                        of the Program a report specifying the 
                        amount of Federal funds awarded to 
                        conduct research that enhances the 
                        understanding of earthquake science.
          (5) National institute of standards and technology.--
        In addition to the lead agency responsibilities 
        described under paragraph (1), the National Institute 
        of Standards and Technology shall be responsible for 
        carrying out research and development to improve c 
        ommunity resilience through building codes and 
        standards and practices for structures and [lifelines] 
        lifeline infrastructure. In carrying out this 
        paragraph, the Director of the National Institute of 
        Standards and Technology shall--
                  (A) work closely with national standards and 
                model building code organizations, in 
                conjunction with the Agency, to promote the 
                implementation of research results;
                  (B) promote better building practices among 
                architects and engineers;
                  (C) work closely with national standards 
                organizations to develop seismic safety 
                standards and practices for new and existing 
                [lifelines] lifeline infrastructure;
                  (D) support the development and commercial 
                application of cost effective and affordable 
                performance-based seismic engineering by 
                providing technical support for seismic 
                engineering practices and related building 
                code, standards, and practices development; and
                  (E) work with the National Science 
                Foundation, the Federal Emergency Management 
                Agency, and the United States Geological Survey 
                to develop a comprehensive plan for earthquake 
                engineering research to effectively use 
                existing testing facilities and laboratories 
                (in existence at the time of the development of 
                the plan), upgrade facilities and equipment as 
                needed, and integrate new, innovative testing 
                approaches to the research infrastructure in a 
                systematic manner.
  (c) Budget Coordination.--
          (1) Guidance.--The Interagency Coordinating Committee 
        shall each year provide guidance to the other Program 
        agencies concerning the preparation of requests for 
        appropriations for activities related to the Program, 
        and shall prepare, in conjunction with the other 
        Program agencies, an annual Program budget to be 
        submitted to the Office of Management and Budget.
          (2) Reports.--Each Program agency shall include with 
        its annual request for appropriations submitted to the 
        Office of Management and Budget a report that--
                  (A) identifies each element of the proposed 
                Program activities of the agency;
                  (B) specifies how each of these activities 
                contributes to the Program; and
                  (C) states the portion of its request for 
                appropriations allocated to each element of the 
                Program.

[SEC. 8. SEISMIC STANDARDS.

                           [42 U.S.C. 7705b]

  [(a) Buildings.--
          [(1) Adoption of standards.--The President shall 
        adopt, not later than December 1, 1994, standards for 
        assessing and enhancing the seismic safety of existing 
        buildings constructed for or leased by the Federal 
        Government which were designed and constructed without 
        adequate seismic design and construction standards. 
        Such standards shall be developed by the Interagency 
        Committee on Seismic Safety in Construction, whose 
        chairman is the Director of the National Institute of 
        Standards and Technology or his designee, and which 
        shall work in consultation with appropriate private 
        sector organizations.
          [(2) Report to congress.--The President shall report 
        to the Congress, not later than December 1, 1994, on 
        how the standards adopted under paragraph (1) could be 
        applied with respect to buildings--
                  [(A) for which Federal financial assistance 
                has been obtained through grants, loans, 
                financing guarantees, or loan or mortgage 
                insurance programs; or
                  [(B) the structural safety of which is 
                regulated by a Federal agency.
          [(3) Regulations.--The President shall ensure the 
        issuance, before February 1, 1993, by all Federal 
        agencies of final regulations required by section 4(b) 
        of Executive Order numbered 12699, issued January 5, 
        1990.
  [(b) Lifelines.--The Director of the Agency, in consultation 
with the Director of the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology, shall submit to the Congress, not later than June 
30, 1992, a plan, including precise timetables and budget 
estimates, for developing and adopting, in consultation with 
appropriate private sector organizations, design and 
construction standards for lifelines. The plan shall include 
recommendations of ways Federal regulatory authority could be 
used to expedite the implementation of such standards.]

SEC. 8. SEISMIC STANDARDS.

  (a) Assessment and Recommendations.--Not later than December 
1, 2019, the Director of the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology and the Administrator of the Federal Emergency 
Management Agency shall jointly convene a committee of experts 
from Federal agencies, nongovernmental organizations, private 
sector entities, disaster management professional associations, 
engineering professional associations, and professional 
construction and homebuilding industry associations, to assess 
and recommend options for improving the built environment and 
critical infrastructure to reflect performance goals stated in 
terms of post-earthquake reoccupancy and functional recovery 
time.
  (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than June 30, 2020, the 
committee convened under paragraph (1) shall submit to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and 
the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, the Committee 
on Natural Resources, and the Committee on Homeland Security of 
the House of Representatives a report on recommended options 
for improving the built environment and critical infrastructure 
to reflect performance goals stated in terms of post-earthquake 
reoccupancy and functional recovery time.

SEC. 9. ACCEPTANCE OF GIFTS.

                           [42 U.S.C. 7705c]

  (a) Authority.--In furtherance of the purposes of this Act, 
the Director of the Agency may accept and use bequests, gifts, 
or donations of services, money, or property, notwithstanding 
section 3679 of the Revised Statutes (31 U.S.C. 1342).
  (b) Criteria.--The [Director of the Agency] Administrator of 
the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall establish by 
regulation criteria for determining whether to accept bequests, 
gifts, or donations of services, money, or property. Such 
criteria shall take into consideration whether the acceptance 
of the bequest, gift, or donation would reflect unfavorably on 
the Director's ability to carry out his responsibilities in a 
fair and objective manner, or would compromise the integrity 
of, or the appearance of the integrity of, the Program or any 
official involved in administering the Program.

SEC. 10. POST-EARTHQUAKE INVESTIGATIONS PROGRAM.

                           [42 U.S.C. 7705e]

  There is established within the United States Geological 
Survey a post-earthquake investigations program, the purpose of 
which is to investigate major earthquakes, so as to learn 
lessons which can be applied to reduce the loss of lives and 
property in future earthquakes. The United States Geological 
Survey, in consultation with each Program agency, shall 
organize investigations to study the implications of the 
earthquake in the areas of responsibility of each Program 
agency. The investigations shall begin as rapidly as possible 
and may be conducted by grantees and contractors. The Program 
agencies shall ensure that the results of investigations are 
disseminated widely. The Director of the Survey is authorized 
to utilize earthquake expertise from the Agency, the National 
Science Foundation, the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology, other Federal agencies, and private contractors, on 
a reimbursable basis, in the conduct of such earthquake 
investigations. At a minimum, investigations under this section 
shall include--
          (1) analysis by the National Science Foundation and 
        the United States Geological Survey of the causes of 
        the earthquake and the nature of the resulting ground 
        motion;
          (2) analysis by the National Science Foundation and 
        the National Institute of Standards and Technology of 
        the behavior of structures and [lifelines] lifeline 
        infrastructure, both those that were damaged and those 
        that were undamaged; and
          (3) analysis by each of the Program agencies of the 
        effectiveness of the earthquake hazards mitigation 
        programs and actions relating to its area of 
        responsibility under the Program, and how those 
        programs and actions could be strengthened.

SEC. 12. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

                            [42 U.S.C. 7706]

  (a) General Authorization for the Program.--
          (1) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        President to carry out the provisions of sections 5 and 
        6 of this Act (in addition to any authorizations for 
        similar purposes included in other Acts and the 
        authorizations set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of 
        this section), not to exceed $1,000,000 for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1978, not to exceed 
        $2,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        1979, and not to exceed $2,000,000 for the fiscal year 
        ending September 30, 1980.
          (2) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Director to carry out the provisions of sections 5 and 
        6 of this Act for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        1981--
                  (A) $1,000,000 for continuation of the 
                Interagency Committee on Seismic Safety in 
                Construction and the Building Seismic Safety 
                Council programs,
                  (B) $1,500,000 for plans and preparedness for 
                earthquake disasters,
                  (C) $500,000 for prediction response 
                planning,
                  (D) $600,000 for architectural and 
                engineering planning and practice programs,
                  (E) $1,000,000 for development and 
                application of a public education program,
                  (F) $3,000,000 for use by the National 
                Science Foundation in addition to the amount 
                authorized to be appropriated under subsection 
                (c), which amount includes $2,400,000 for 
                earthquake policy research and $600,000 for the 
                strong ground motion element of the siting 
                program, and
                  (G) $1,000,000 for use by the Center for 
                Building Technology, National Bureau of 
                Standards in addition to the amount authorized 
                to be appropriated under subsection (d) for 
                earthquake activities in the Center.
          (3) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Director for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982, 
        $2,000,000 to carry out the provisions of sections 5 
        and 6 of this Act.
          (4) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Director, to carry out the provisions of sections 5 and 
        6 of this Act $1,281,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1983.
          (5) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Director, to carry out the provisions of sections 5 and 
        6 of this Act, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        1984, $3,705,000, and for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1985, $6,096,000.
          (6) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Director, to carry out the provisions of sections 5 and 
        6 of this Act, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        1986, $5,596,000, and for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1987, $5,848,000.
          (7) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Director of the Agency, to carry out this Act 
        $5,778,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        1988, $5,788,000 for the fiscal year ending September 
        30, 1989, $8,798,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1990, $14,750,000 for the fiscal year 
        ending September 30, 1991, $19,000,000 for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1992, $22,000,000 for the 
        fiscal year ending September 30, 1993, $25,000,000 for 
        the fiscal year ending September 30, 1995, $25,750,000 
        for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1996, 
        $20,900,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        1998, $21,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 
        30, 1999; $19,861,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 2001, of which $450,000 is for National 
        Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program-eligible efforts of 
        an established multi-state consortium to reduce the 
        unacceptable threat of earthquake damages in the New 
        Madrid seismic region through efforts to enhance 
        preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation; 
        $20,705,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        2002; and $21,585,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 2003.
          (8) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Federal Emergency Management Agency for carrying out 
        this title--
                  (A) $21,000,000 for fiscal year 2005,
                  (B) $21,630,000 for fiscal year 2006,
                  (C) $22,280,000 for fiscal year 2007,
                  (D) $22,950,000 for fiscal year 2008, [and]
                  (E) $23,640,000 for fiscal year 2009,
                  (F) $8,670,000 for fiscal year 2018,
                  (G) $8,843,000 for fiscal year 2019,
                  (H) $9,020,000 for fiscal year 2020,
                  (I) $9,200,000 for fiscal year 2021, and
                  (J) $9,385,000 for fiscal year 2022,
          of which not less than 10 percent of available 
        program funds actually appropriated shall be made 
        available each such fiscal year for supporting the 
        development of performance-based, cost-effective, and 
        affordable design guidelines and methodologies in codes 
        for buildings, structures, and [lifelines] lifeline 
        infrastructure.
  (b) United States Geological Survey.--
          (1) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Secretary of the Interior for purposes of carrying out, 
        through the Director of the United States Geological 
        Survey, the responsibilities that may be assigned to 
        the Director under this Act not to exceed $27,500,000 
        for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978; not to 
        exceed $35,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 
        30, 1979; not to exceed $40,000,000 for the fiscal year 
        ending September 30, 1980; $32,484,000 for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1981; $34,425,000 for the 
        fiscal year ending September 30, 1982; $31,843,000 for 
        the fiscal year ending September 30, 1983; $35,524,000 
        for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984; 
        $37,300,200 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        1985 $35,578,000 for the fiscal year ending September 
        30, 1986; $37,179,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1987; $38,540,000 for the fiscal year 
        ending September 30, 1988; $41,819,000 for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1989; $55,283,000 for the 
        fiscal year ending September 30, 1990, of which 
        $8,000,000 shall be for earthquake investigations under 
        section 11; $50,000,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1991; $54,500,000 for the fiscal year 
        ending September 30, 1992; $62,500,000 for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1993; $49,200,000 for the 
        fiscal year ending September 30, 1995; $50,676,000 for 
        the fiscal year ending September 30, 1996; $52,565,000 
        for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1998, of which 
        $3,800,000 shall be used for the Global Seismic Network 
        operated by the Agency; and $54,052,000 for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1999, of which $3,800,000 
        shall be used for the Global Seismic Network operated 
        by the Agency. There are authorized to be appropriated 
        to the Secretary of the Interior for purposes of 
        carrying out, through the Director of the United States 
        Geological Survey, the responsibilities that may be 
        assigned to the Director under this Act $48,360,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001, of which $3,500,000 is for the Global 
        Seismic Network and $100,000 is for the Scientific 
        Earthquake Studies Advisory Committee established under 
        section 210 of the Earthquake Hazards Reduction 
        Authorization Act of 2000; $50,415,000 for fiscal year 
        2002, of which $3,600,000 is for the Global Seismic 
        Network and $100,000 is for the Scientific Earthquake 
        Studies Advisory Committee; and $52,558,000 for fiscal 
        year 2003, of which $3,700,000 is for the Global 
        Seismic Network and $100,000 is for the Scientific 
        Earthquake Studies Advisory Committee. Of the amounts 
        authorized to be appropriated under this paragraph, at 
        least--
                  (A) $8,000,000 of the amount authorized to be 
                appropriated for the fiscal year ending 
                September 30, 1998;
                  (B) $8,250,000 of the amount authorized for 
                the fiscal year ending September 30, 1999;
                  (C) $9,000,000 of the amount authorized to be 
                appropriated for fiscal year 2001;
                  (D) $9,250,000 of the amount authorized to be 
                appropriated for fiscal year 2002; and
                  (E) $9,500,000 of the amount authorized to be 
                appropriated for fiscal year 2003,
          shall be used for carrying out a competitive, peer-
        reviewed program under which the Director, in close 
        coordination with and as a complement to related 
        activities of the United States Geological Survey, 
        awards grants to, or enters into cooperative agreements 
        with, State and local governments and persons or 
        entities from the academic community and the private 
        sector.
          (2) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        United States Geological Survey for carrying out this 
        title--
                  (A) $77,000,000 for fiscal year 2005, of 
                which not less than $30,000,000 shall be made 
                available for completion of the [Advanced 
                National Seismic Research and Monitoring 
                System] Advanced National Seismic System 
                established under section 13;
                  (B) $84,410,000 for fiscal year 2006, of 
                which not less than $36,000,000 shall be made 
                available for completion of the [Advanced 
                National Seismic Research and Monitoring 
                System] Advanced National Seismic System 
                established under section 13;
                  (C) $85,860,000 for fiscal year 2007, of 
                which not less than $36,000,000 shall be made 
                available for completion of the [Advanced 
                National Seismic Research and Monitoring 
                System] Advanced National Seismic System 
                established under section 13;
                  (D) $87,360,000 for fiscal year 2008, of 
                which not less than $36,000,000 shall be made 
                available for completion of the [Advanced 
                National Seismic Research and Monitoring 
                System] Advanced National Seismic System 
                established under section 13[; and];
                  (E) $88,900,000 for fiscal year 2009, of 
                which not less than $36,000,000 shall be made 
                available for completion of the [Advanced 
                National Seismic Research and Monitoring 
                System] Advanced National Seismic System 
                established under section 13[.];
                  (F) $72,420,000 for fiscal year 2018, of 
                which not less than $30,000,000 shall be made 
                available for completion of the Advanced 
                National Seismic System established under 
                section 7707 of this title;
                  (G) $73,868,000 for fiscal year 2019, of 
                which not less than $30,000,000 shall be made 
                available for completion of the Advanced 
                National Seismic System established under 
                section 7707 of this title;
                  (H) $75,345,000 for fiscal year 2020, of 
                which not less than $30,000,000 shall be made 
                available for completion of the Advanced 
                National Seismic System established under 
                section 7707 of this title;
                  (I) $75,853,000 for fiscal year 2021, of 
                which not less than $30,000,000 shall be made 
                available for completion of the Advanced 
                National Seismic System established under 
                section 7707 of this title; and
                  (J) $78,390,000 for fiscal year 2022, of 
                which not less than $30,000,000 shall be made 
                available for completion of the Advanced 
                National Seismic System established under 
                section 7707 of this title.
  (c) National Science Foundation.--
          (1) To enable the Foundation to carry out 
        responsibilities that may be assigned to it under this 
        Act, there are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Foundation not to exceed $27,500,000 for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1978; not to exceed 
        $35,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        1979; not to exceed $40,000,000 for the fiscal year 
        ending September 30, 1980; $26,600,000 for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1981; $27,150,000 for the 
        fiscal year ending September 30, 1982; $25,000,000 for 
        the fiscal year ending September 30, 1983; $25,800,000 
        for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984; 
        $28,665,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        1985 $27,760,000 for the fiscal year ending September 
        30, 1986; $29,009,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1987; $28,235,000 for the fiscal year 
        ending September 30, 1988; $31,634,000 for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1989; $38,454,000 for the 
        fiscal year ending September 30, 1990. Of the amounts 
        authorized for Engineering under section 101(d)(1)(B) 
        of the National Science Foundation Authorization Act of 
        1988, $24,000,000 is authorized for carrying out this 
        Act for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1991, and 
        of the amounts authorized for Geosciences under section 
        101(d)(1)(D) of the National Science Foundation 
        Authorization Act of 1988, $13,000,000 is authorized 
        for carrying out this Act for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1991. Of the amounts authorized for 
        Research and Related Activities under section 101(e)(1) 
        of the National Science Foundation Authorization Act of 
        1988, $29,000,000 is authorized for engineering 
        research under this Act, and $14,750,000 is authorized 
        for geosciences research under this Act, for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1992. Of the amounts 
        authorized for Research and Related Activities under 
        section 101(f)(1) of the National Science Foundation 
        Authorization Act of 1988, $34,500,000 is authorized 
        for engineering research under this Act, and 
        $17,500,000 is authorized for geosciences research 
        under this Act, for the fiscal year ending September 
        30, 1993. There are authorized to be appropriated, out 
        of funds otherwise authorized to be appropriated to the 
        National Science Foundation: (1) $16,200,000 for 
        engineering research and $10,900,000 for geosciences 
        research for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1995, 
        (2) $16,686,000 for engineering research and 
        $11,227,000 for geosciences research for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1996, (3) $18,450,000 for 
        engineering research and $11,920,000 for geosciences 
        research for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1998, 
        (4) $19,000,000 for engineering research and 
        $12,280,000 for geosciences research for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1999. There are authorized to 
        be appropriated to the National Science Foundation 
        $19,000,000 for engineering research and $11,900,000 
        for geosciences research for fiscal year 2001; 
        $19,808,000 for engineering research and $12,406,000 
        for geosciences research for fiscal year 2002; and 
        $20,650,000 for engineering research and $12,933,000 
        for geosciences research for fiscal year 2003.
          (2) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        National Science Foundation for carrying out this 
        title--
                  (A) $38,000,000 for fiscal year 2005;
                  (B) $39,140,000 for fiscal year 2006;
                  (C) $40,310,000 for fiscal year 2007;
                  (D) $41,520,000 for fiscal year 2008; [and]
                  (E) $42,770,000 for fiscal year 2009[.];
                  (F) $55,080,000 for fiscal year 2018,
                  (G) $56,181,000 for fiscal year 2019,
                  (H) $57,305,000 for fiscal year 2020,
                  (I) $58,451,000 for fiscal year 2021, and
                  (J) $59,620,000 for fiscal year 2022.
  (d) National Institute of Standards and Technology.--
          (1) To enable the National Institute of Standards and 
        Technology to carry out responsibilities that may be 
        assigned to it under this Act, there are authorized to 
        be appropriated $425,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1981; $425,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1982; $475,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1983; $475,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1984; $498,750 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1985 $499,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1986; $521,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1987; $525,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1988; $525,000 for the fiscal year ending 
        September 30, 1989; $2,525,000 for the fiscal year 
        ending September 30, 1990; $1,000,000 for the fiscal 
        year ending September 30, 1991; $3,000,000 for the 
        fiscal year ending September 30, 1992; and $4,750,000 
        for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1993. There 
        are authorized to be appropriated, out of funds 
        otherwise authorized to be appropriated to the National 
        Institute of Standards and Technology, $1,900,000 for 
        the fiscal year ending September 30, 1995, $1,957,000 
        for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1996, 
        $2,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
        1998, $2,060,000 for the fiscal year ending September 
        30, 1999, $2,332,000 for fiscal year 2001, $2,431,000 
        for fiscal year 2002, and $2,534,300 for fiscal year 
        2003.
          (2) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
        National Institute of Standards and Technology for 
        carrying out this title--
                  (A) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2005,
                  (B) $11,000,000 for fiscal year 2006,
                  (C) $12,100,000 for fiscal year 2007,
                  (D) $13,310,000 for fiscal year 2008, [and]
                  (E) $14,640,000 for fiscal year 2009,
                  (F) $5,304,000 for fiscal year 2018,
                  (G) $5,410,000 for fiscal year 2019,
                  (H) $5,518,000 for fiscal year 2020,
                  (I) $5,628,000 for fiscal year 2021, and
                  (J) $5,741,000 for fiscal year 2022,
  of which $2,000,000 shall be made available each such fiscal 
year for supporting the development of performance-based, cost-
effective, and affordable codes for buildings, structures, and 
[lifelines] lifeline infrastructure.

SEC. 13. [ADVANCED NATIONAL SEISMIC RESEARCH AND MONITORING SYSTEM] 
                    ADVANCED NATIONAL SEISMIC SYSTEM.

                            [42 U.S.C. 7707]

  (a) Establishment.--The Director of the United States 
Geological Survey shall establish and operate an [Advanced 
National Seismic Research and Monitoring System] Advanced 
National Seismic System. The purpose of such system shall be to 
organize, modernize, standardize, and stabilize the national, 
regional, and urban seismic monitoring systems in the United 
States, including sensors, recorders, and data analysis 
centers, into a coordinated system that will measure and record 
the full range of frequencies and amplitudes exhibited by 
seismic waves, in order to enhance earthquake research and 
warning capabilities.
  (b) Management Plan.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of the Earthquake Hazards Reduction 
Authorization Act of 2000, the Director of the United States 
Geological Survey shall transmit to the Congress a 5-year 
management plan for establishing and operating the [Advanced 
National Seismic Research and Monitoring System] Advanced 
National Seismic System. The plan shall include annual cost 
estimates for both modernization and operation, milestones, 
standards, and performance goals, as well as plans for securing 
the participation of all existing networks in the [Advanced 
National Seismic Research and Monitoring System] Advanced 
National Seismic System and for establishing new, or enhancing 
existing, partnerships to leverage resources.

                                  [all]