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                                                      Calendar No. 722
115th Congress      }                                   {       Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session         }                                   {      115-416

======================================================================



 
        CALIFORNIA DESERT PROTECTION AND RECREATION ACT OF 2018

                                _______
                                

                December 5, 2018.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

        Ms. Murkowski, from the Committee on Energy and Natural 
                   Resources, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 857]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, to which was 
referred the bill (H.R. 857) to provide for conservation and 
enhanced recreation activities in the California Desert 
Conservation Area, and for other purposes, having considered 
the same, reports favorably thereon with an amendment in the 
nature of a substitute and recommends that the bill, as 
amended, do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
    Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``California Desert 
Protection and Recreation Act of 2018''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.

TITLE I--DESIGNATION OF WILDERNESS IN THE CALIFORNIA DESERT CONSERVATION 
                                  AREA

Sec. 101. California desert conservation and recreation.

            TITLE II--DESIGNATION OF SPECIAL MANAGEMENT AREA

Sec. 201. Vinagre Wash Special Management Area.

                TITLE III--NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM ADDITIONS

Sec. 301. Death Valley National Park Boundary revision.
Sec. 302. Mojave National Preserve.
Sec. 303. Joshua Tree National Park.

             TITLE IV--OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE RECREATION AREAS

Sec. 401. Off-highway vehicle recreation areas.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 501. Transfer of land to Anza-Borrego Desert State Park.
Sec. 502. Wildlife corridors.
Sec. 503. Prohibited uses of acquired, donated, and conservation land.
Sec. 504. Tribal uses and interests.
Sec. 506. California State school land.ry land interests.
Sec. 507. Designation of wild and scenic rivers.
Sec. 508. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 509. Juniper Flats.
Sec. 510. Conforming amendments to California Military Lands 
    Withdrawal and Overflights Act of 1994.
Sec. 511. Desert tortoise conservation center.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
          (1) Conservation area.--The term ``Conservation Area'' means 
        the California Desert Conservation Area.
          (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means--
                  (A) the Secretary of the Interior, with respect to 
                public land administered by the Bureau of Land 
                Management; or
                  (B) the Secretary of Agriculture, with respect to 
                National Forest System land.
          (3) State.--The term ``State'' means the State of California.

      TITLE I--DESIGNATION OF WILDERNESS IN THE CALIFORNIA DESERT 
                           CONSERVATION AREA

SEC. 101. CALIFORNIA DESERT CONSERVATION AND RECREATION.

    (a) Designation of Wilderness Areas to Be Administered by the 
Bureau of Land Management.--Section 102 of the California Desert 
Protection Act of 1994 (16 U.S.C. 1132 note; Public Law 103-433; 108 
Stat. 4472) is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(70) Avawatz mountains wilderness.--Certain land in the 
        California Desert Conservation Area administered by the 
        Director of the Bureau of Land Management, comprising 
        approximately 87,700 acres, as generally depicted on the map 
        entitled `Avawatz Mountains Proposed Wilderness' and dated 
        September 9, 2014, to be known as the `Avawatz Mountains 
        Wilderness'.
          ``(71) Great falls basin wilderness.--Certain land in the 
        California Desert Conservation Area administered by the 
        Director of the Bureau of Land Management, comprising 
        approximately 7,870 acres, as generally depicted on the map 
        entitled `Great Falls Basin Proposed Wilderness' and dated 
        October 26, 2009, to be known as the `Great Falls Basin 
        Wilderness'.
          ``(72) Soda mountains wilderness.--Certain land in the 
        California Desert Conservation Area, administered by the Bureau 
        of Land Management, comprising approximately 79,990 acres, as 
        generally depicted on the map entitled `Soda Mountains Proposed 
        Wilderness' and dated September 12, 2014, to be known as the 
        `Soda Mountains Wilderness'.''.
    (b) Additions to Existing Wilderness Areas Administered by the 
Bureau of Land Management.--In furtherance of the purposes of the 
Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.), the following land in the 
State is designated as wilderness and as components of the National 
Wilderness Preservation System:
          (1) Golden valley wilderness.--Certain land in the 
        Conservation Area administered by the Director of the Bureau of 
        Land Management, comprising approximately 1,250 acres, as 
        generally depicted on the map entitled ``Golden Valley Proposed 
        Wilderness Additions'' and dated February 20, 2016, which shall 
        be added to and administered as part of the ``Golden Valley 
        Wilderness''.
          (2) Kingston range wilderness.--Certain land in the 
        Conservation Area administered by the Director of the Bureau of 
        Land Management, comprising approximately 53,320 acres, as 
        generally depicted on the map entitled ``Kingston Range 
        Proposed Wilderness Additions'' and dated July 15, 2009, which 
        shall be added to and administered as part of the ``Kingston 
        Range Wilderness''.
    (c) Designation of Wilderness Areas to Be Administered by the 
National Park Service.--In furtherance of the purposes of the 
Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.) the following land in Death 
Valley National Park is designated as wilderness and as a component of 
the National Wilderness Preservation System, which shall be added to, 
and administered as part of the Death Valley National Park Wilderness 
established by section 601(a)(1) of the California Desert Protection 
Act of 1994 (16 U.S.C. 1132 note; Public Law 103-433; 108 Stat. 4496):
          (1) Death valley national park wilderness additions--North 
        eureka valley.--Approximately 11,496 acres, as generally 
        depicted on the map entitled ``Death Valley National Park 
        Proposed Wilderness Area--North Eureka Valley'', numbered 143/
        100,082C, and dated October 7, 2014.
          (2) Death valley national park wilderness additions--ibex.--
        Approximately 23,650 acres, as generally depicted on the map 
        entitled ``Death Valley National Park Proposed Wilderness 
        Area--Ibex'', numbered 143/100,081C, and dated October 7, 2014.
          (3) Death valley national park wilderness additions--panamint 
        valley.--Approximately 4,807 acres, as generally depicted on 
        the map entitled ``Death Valley National Park Proposed 
        Wilderness Area-Panamint Valley'', numbered 143/100,083C, and 
        dated October 7, 2014.
          (4) Death valley national park wilderness additions--warm 
        springs.--Approximately 10,485 acres, as generally depicted on 
        the map entitled ``Death Valley National Park Proposed 
        Wilderness Area-Warm Spring Canyon/Galena Canyon'', numbered 
        143/100,084C, and dated October 7, 2014.
          (5) Death valley national park wilderness additions--axe 
        head.--Approximately 8,638 acres, as generally depicted on the 
        map entitled ``Death Valley National Park Proposed Wilderness 
        Area-Axe Head'', numbered 143/100,085C, and dated October 7, 
        2014.
          (6) Death valley national park wilderness additions--bowling 
        alley.--Approximately 32,520 acres, as generally depicted on 
        the map entitled ``Death Valley National Park Proposed 
        Wilderness Area-Bowling Alley'', numbered 143/100,086C, and 
        dated October 7, 2014.
    (d) Additions to Existing Wilderness Area Administered by the 
Forest Service.--
          (1) In general.--In furtherance of the purposes of the 
        Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.), the land described in 
        paragraph (2)
                  (A) is designated as wilderness and as a component of 
                the National Wilderness Preservation System; and
                  (B) shall be added to and administered as part of the 
                San Gorgonio Wilderness established by the Wilderness 
                Act (16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.).
          (2) Description of land.--The land referred to in paragraph 
        (1) is certain land in the San Bernardino National Forest, 
        comprising approximately 7,141 acres, as generally depicted on 
        the map entitled ``Proposed Sand to Snow National Monument'' 
        and dated August 29, 2014.
          (3) Fire management and related activities.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary may carry out such 
                activities in the wilderness area designated by 
                paragraph (1) as are necessary for the control of fire, 
                insects, and disease, in accordance with section 
                4(d)(1) of the Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1133(d)(1)) 
                and House Report 98-40 of the 98th Congress.
                  (B) Funding priorities.--Nothing in this subsection 
                limits the provision of any funding for fire or fuel 
                management in the wilderness area designated by 
                paragraph (1).
                  (C) Revision and development of local fire management 
                plans.--As soon as practicable after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall amend the 
                local fire management plans that apply to the 
                wilderness area designated by paragraph (1).
                  (D) Administration.--In accordance with subparagraph 
                (A) and other applicable Federal law, to ensure a 
                timely and efficient response to fire emergencies in 
                the wilderness area designated by paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary shall--
                          (i) not later than 1 year after the date of 
                        enactment of this Act, establish agency 
                        approval procedures (including appropriate 
                        delegations of authority to the Forest 
                        Supervisor, District Manager, or other agency 
                        officials) for responding to fire emergencies 
                        in the wilderness area designated by paragraph 
                        (1); and
                          (ii) enter into agreements with appropriate 
                        State or local firefighting agencies relating 
                        to the wilderness area.
    (e) Effect on Utility Facilities and Rights-of-way.--
          (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), nothing in this 
        section or an amendment made by this section terminates or 
        precludes the renewal or reauthorization of any valid existing 
        right-of-way or customary operation, maintenance, repair, 
        upgrading, or replacement activities in a right-of-way, issued, 
        granted, or permitted to the Southern California Edison Company 
        or predecessors, successors, or assigns of the Southern 
        California Edison Company that is located on land included in 
        the San Gorgonio Wilderness Area or the Sand to Snow National 
        Monument.
          (2) Limitation.--The activities described in paragraph (1) 
        shall be conducted in a manner that minimizes the impact of the 
        activities resources of the San Gorgonio Wilderness Area or the 
        Sand to Snow National Monument.
          (3) Applicable law.--In accordance with the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), any 
        approval required for an increase in the voltage of the 
        Coachella distribution circuit shall require consideration of 
        alternative alignments, including alignments adjacent to State 
        Route 62.
    (f) Release of Wilderness Study Areas.--
          (1) Finding.--Congress finds that, for purposes of section 
        603 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 
        U.S.C. 1782), any portion of a wilderness study area described 
        in paragraph (2) that is not designated as a wilderness area or 
        a wilderness addition by this Act (including an amendment made 
        by this Act) or any other Act enacted before the date of 
        enactment of this Act has been adequately studied for 
        wilderness designation.
          (2) Description of study areas.--The study areas referred to 
        in subsection (a) are--
                  (A) the Cady Mountains Wilderness Study Area; and
                  (B) the Soda Mountains Wilderness Study Area.
          (3) Release--Any portion of a wilderness study area described 
        in paragraph (2) that is not designated as a wilderness area or 
        a wilderness addition by this Act (including an amendment made 
        by this Act) or any other Act enacted before the date of 
        enactment of this Act is no longer subject to section 603(c) of 
        the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 
        1782(c)).

            TITLE II--DESIGNATION OF SPECIAL MANAGEMENT AREA

SEC. 201. VINAGRE WASH SPECIAL MANAGEMENT AREA.

    Title I of the California Desert Protection Act of 1994 (16 U.S.C. 
1132 note; Public Law 103-433; 108 Stat. 4472) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:

``SEC. 109. VINAGRE WASH SPECIAL MANAGEMENT AREA.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Management area.--The term `Management Area' means the 
        Vinagre Wash Special Management Area established by subsection 
        (b).
          ``(2) Map.--The term `map' means the map entitled `Vinagre 
        Wash Proposed Special Management Area' and dated November 10, 
        2009.
          ``(3) Public land.--The term `public land' has the meaning 
        given the term `public lands' in section 103 of the Federal 
        Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1702).
          ``(4) State.--The term `State' means the State of California.
    ``(b) Establishment.--There is established the Vinagre Wash Special 
Management Area in the State, to be managed by the Secretary.
    ``(c) Purpose.--The purpose of the Management Area is to conserve, 
protect, and enhance--
          ``(1) the plant and wildlife values of the Management Area; 
        and
          ``(2) the outstanding and nationally significant ecological, 
        geological, scenic, recreational, archaeological, cultural, 
        historic, and other resources of the Management Area.
    ``(d) Boundaries.--The Management Area shall consist of the public 
land in Imperial County, California, comprising approximately 81,880 
acres, as generally depicted on the map.
    ``(e) Map; Legal Description.--
          ``(1) In general.--As soon as practicable, but not later than 
        3 years, after the date of enactment of this section, the 
        Secretary shall submit a map and legal description of the 
        Management Area to--
                  ``(A) the Committee on Natural Resources of the House 
                of Representatives; and
                  ``(B) the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
                of the Senate.
          ``(2) Effect.--The map and legal description submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall have the same force and effect as if 
        included in this section, except that the Secretary may correct 
        any errors in the map and legal description.
          ``(3) Availability.--Copies of the map submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall be on file and available for public 
        inspection in--
                  ``(A) the Office of the Director of the Bureau of 
                Land Management; and
                  ``(B) the appropriate office of the Bureau of Land 
                Management in the State.
    ``(f) Management.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall manage the Management 
        Area--
                  ``(A) in a manner that conserves, protects, and 
                enhances the purposes for which the Management Area is 
                established; and
                  ``(B) in accordance with--
                          ``(i) this section;
                          ``(ii) the Federal Land Policy and Management 
                        Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.); and
                          ``(iii) other applicable laws.
          ``(2) Uses.--The Secretary shall allow only those uses that 
        are consistent with the purposes of the Management Area, 
        including hiking, camping, hunting, and sightseeing and the use 
        of motorized vehicles, mountain bikes, and horses on designated 
        routes in the Management Area in a manner that--
                  ``(A) is consistent with the purpose of the 
                Management Area described in subsection (c);
                  ``(B) ensures public health and safety; and
                  ``(C) is consistent with all applicable laws 
                (including regulations), including the Desert Renewable 
                Energy Conservation Plan.
          ``(3) Off-highway vehicle use.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraphs (B) and 
                (C) and all other applicable laws, the use of off-
                highway vehicles shall be permitted on routes in the 
                Management Area as generally depicted on the map.
                  ``(B) Closure.--The Secretary may close or 
                permanently reroute a portion of a route described in 
                subparagraph (A)--
                          ``(i) to prevent, or allow for restoration 
                        of, resource damage;
                          ``(ii) to protect Tribal cultural resources, 
                        including the resources identified in the 
                        Tribal cultural resources management plan 
                        developed under section 705(d);
                          ``(iii) to address public safety concerns; or
                          ``(iv) as otherwise required by law.
                  ``(C) Designation of additional routes.--During the 
                3-year period beginning on the date of enactment of 
                this section, the Secretary--
                          ``(i) shall accept petitions from the public 
                        regarding additional routes for off-highway 
                        vehicles; and
                          ``(ii) may designate additional routes that 
                        the Secretary determines--
                                ``(I) would provide significant or 
                                unique recreational opportunities; and
                                ``(II) are consistent with the purposes 
                                of the Management Area.
          ``(4) Withdrawal.--Subject to valid existing rights, all 
        Federal land within the Management Area is withdrawn from--
                  ``(A) all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal 
                under the public land laws;
                  ``(B) location, entry, and patent under the mining 
                laws; and
                  ``(C) right-of-way, leasing, or disposition under all 
                laws relating to--
                          ``(i) minerals and mineral materials; or
                          ``(ii) solar, wind, and geothermal energy.
          ``(5) No buffers.--The establishment of the Management Area 
        shall not--
                  ``(A) create a protective perimeter or buffer zone 
                around the Management Area; or
                  ``(B) preclude uses or activities outside the 
                Management Area that are permitted under other 
                applicable laws, even if the uses or activities are 
                prohibited within the Management Area.
          ``(6) Notice of available routes.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        that visitors to the Management Area have access to adequate 
        notice relating to the availability of designated routes in the 
        Management Area through--
                  ``(A) the placement of appropriate signage along the 
                designated routes;
                  ``(B) the distribution of maps, safety education 
                materials, and other information that the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate; and
                  ``(C) restoration of areas that are not designated as 
                open routes, including vertical mulching.
          ``(7) Stewardship.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
        Indian Tribes and other interests, shall develop a program to 
        provide opportunities for monitoring and stewardship of the 
        Management Area to minimize environmental impacts and prevent 
        resource damage from recreational use, including volunteer 
        assistance with
                  ``(A) route signage;
                  ``(B) restoration of closed routes;
                  ``(C) protection of Management Area resources; and
                  ``(D) recreation education.
          ``(8) Protection of tribal cultural resources.--Not later 
        than 2 years after the date of enactment of this section, the 
        Secretary, in accordance with chapter 2003 of title 54, United 
        States Code, and any other applicable law, shall--
                  ``(A) prepare and complete a Tribal cultural 
                resources survey of the Management Area; and
                  ``(B) consult with the Quechan Indian Nation and 
                other Indian tribes demonstrating ancestral, cultural, 
                or other ties to the resources within the Management 
                Area on the development and implementation of the 
                Tribal cultural resources survey under subparagraph 
                (A).''.

               TITLE III--NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM ADDITIONS

SEC. 301. DEATH VALLEY NATIONAL PARK BOUNDARY REVISION.

    (a) In General.--The boundary of Death Valley National Park is 
adjusted to include--
          (1) the approximately 33,000 acres of Bureau of Land 
        Management land in Inyo County, California, abutting the 
        southern end of the Death Valley National Park that lies 
        between Death Valley National Park to the north and Ft. Irwin 
        Military Reservation to the south and which runs approximately 
        34 miles from west to east, as depicted on the map entitled 
        ``Death Valley National Park Proposed Boundary Addition--
        Bowling Alley'', numbered 143/100,080C, and dated October 7, 
        2014; and
          (2) the approximately 6,369 acres of Bureau of Land 
        Management land in Inyo County, California, located in the 
        northeast area of Death Valley National Park that is within, 
        and surrounded by, land under the jurisdiction of the Director 
        of the National Park Service, as depicted on the map entitled 
        ``Death Valley National Park Proposed Boundary Addition--
        Crater'', numbered 143/100,079C, and dated October 7, 2014.
    (b) Availability of Map.--The maps described in paragraphs (1) and 
(2) of subsection (a) shall be on file and available for public 
inspection in the appropriate offices of the National Park Service.
    (c) Administration.--The Secretary shall--
          (1) administer any land added to Death Valley National Park 
        under subsection (a)--
                  (A) as part of Death Valley National Park; and
                  (B) in accordance with applicable laws (including 
                regulations); and
          (2) not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
        this Act, develop a memorandum of understanding with Inyo 
        County, California, permitting ongoing access and use to 
        existing gravel pits along Saline Valley Road within Death 
        Valley National Park for road maintenance and repairs in 
        accordance with applicable laws (including regulations).
    (d) Mormon Peak Microwave Facility.--Title VI of the California 
Desert Protection Act of 1994 (16 U.S.C. 1132 note; Public Law 103-433; 
108 Stat. 4496) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 604. MORMON PEAK MICROWAVE FACILITY.

    ``The designation of the Death Valley National Park Wilderness by 
section 601(a)(1) shall not preclude the operation and maintenance of 
the Mormon Peak Microwave Facility.''.

SEC. 302. MOJAVE NATIONAL PRESERVE.

    The boundary of the Mojave National Preserve is adjusted to include 
the 25 acres of Bureau of Land Management land in Baker, California, as 
depicted on the map entitled ``Mojave National Preserve Proposed 
Boundary Addition'', numbered 170/100,199, and dated August 2009.

SEC. 303. JOSHUA TREE NATIONAL PARK.

    (a) Boundary Adjustment.--The boundary of the Joshua Tree National 
Park is adjusted to include--
          (1) the approximately 2,879 acres of land managed by the 
        Bureau of Land Management that are contiguous at several 
        different places to the northern boundaries of Joshua Tree 
        National Park in the northwest section of the Park, as depicted 
        on the map entitled ``Joshua Tree National Park Proposed 
        Boundary Additions'', numbered 156/100,077, and dated August 
        2009; and
          (2) the approximately 1,639 acres of land that are contiguous 
        at several different places to the northern boundaries of 
        Joshua Tree National Park in the northwest section of the Park, 
        as depicted on the map entitled ``Mojave Desert Land Trust 
        National Park Service Additions'', numbered 156/126,376, and 
        dated September 2014.
    (b) Availability of Maps.--The map described in subsection (a) and 
the map depicting the 25 acres described in subsection (c)(2) shall be 
on file and available for public inspection in the appropriate offices 
of the National Park Service.
    (c) Administration.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall administer any land 
        added to the Joshua Tree National Park under subsection (a) and 
        the additional land described in paragraph (2)
                  (A) as part of Joshua Tree National Park; and
                  (B) in accordance with applicable laws (including 
                regulations).
          (2) Description of additional land.--The additional land 
        referred to in paragraph (1) is the 25 acres of land----
                  (A) depicted on the map entitled ``Joshua Tree 
                National Park Boundary Adjustment Map'', numbered 156/
                80,049, and dated April 1, 2003;
                  (B) added to Joshua Tree National Park by the notice 
                of the Department of the Interior of August 28, 2003 
                (68 Fed. Reg. 51799); and
                  (C) more particularly described as lots 26, 27, 28, 
                33, and 34 in sec. 34, T. 1 N., R. 8 E., San Bernardino 
                Meridian.
    (d) Southern California Edison Company Energy Transport Facilities 
and Rights-of-way.--
          (1) In general.--Nothing in this section terminates any valid 
        right-of-way for the customary operation, maintenance, upgrade, 
        repair, relocation within an existing right-of-way, 
        replacement, or other authorized energy transport facility 
        activities in a right-of-way issued, granted, or permitted to 
        the Southern California Edison Company or the predecessors, 
        successors, or assigns of the Southern California Edison 
        Company that is located on land described in paragraphs (1) and 
        (2) of subsection (a), including, at a minimum, the use of 
        mechanized vehicles, helicopters, or other aerial devices.
          (2) Upgrades and replacements.--Nothing in this section 
        prohibits the upgrading or replacement of--
                  (A) Southern California Edison Company energy 
                transport facilities, including the energy transport 
                facilities referred to as the Jellystone, Burnt 
                Mountain, Whitehorn, Allegra, and Utah distribution 
                circuits rights-of-way; or
                  (B) an energy transport facility in rights-of-way 
                issued, granted, or permitted by the Secretary adjacent 
                to Southern California Edison Joshua Tree Utility 
                Facilities.
          (3) Publication of plans.--Not later than the date that is 1 
        year after the date of enactment of this Act or the issuance of 
        a new energy transport facility right-of-way within the Joshua 
        Tree National Park, whichever is earlier, the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the Southern California Edison Company, shall 
        publish plans for regular and emergency access by the Southern 
        California Edison Company to the rights-of-way of the Southern 
        California Edison Company within Joshua Tree National Park.
    (e) Visitor Center.--Title IV of the California Desert Protection 
Act of 1994 (16 U.S.C. 410aaa-21 et seq.) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:

``SEC. 408. VISITOR CENTER.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may acquire not more than 5 acres 
of land and interests in land, and improvements on the land and 
interests, outside the boundaries of the park, in the unincorporated 
village of Joshua Tree, for the purpose of operating a visitor center.
    ``(b) Boundary.--The Secretary shall modify the boundary of the 
park to include the land acquired under this section as a noncontiguous 
parcel.
    ``(c) Administration.--Land and facilities acquired under this 
section--
          ``(1) may include the property owned (as of the date of 
        enactment of this section) by the Joshua Tree National Park 
        Association and commonly referred to as the `Joshua Tree 
        National Park Visitor Center';
          ``(2) shall be administered by the Secretary as part of the 
        park; and
          ``(3) may be acquired only with the consent of the owner, by 
        donation, purchase with donated or appropriated funds, or 
        exchange.''.

             TITLE IV--OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE RECREATION AREAS

SEC. 401. OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE RECREATION AREAS.

    Public Law 103-433 is amended by inserting after title XII (16 
U.S.C. 410bbb et seq.) the following:

           ``TITLE XIII--OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE RECREATION AREAS

``SEC. 1301. DESIGNATION OF OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE RECREATION AREAS.

    ``(a) In General.--
          ``(1) Designation.--In accordance with the Federal Land 
        Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) and 
        resource management plans developed under this title and 
        subject to valid rights, the following land within the 
        Conservation Area in San Bernardino County, California, is 
        designated as Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Areas:
                  ``(A) Dumont dunes off-highway vehicle recreation 
                area.--Certain Bureau of Land Management land in the 
                Conservation Area, comprising approximately 7,630 
                acres, as generally depicted on the map entitled 
                `Dumont Dunes Proposed OHV Recreation Area' and dated 
                February 22, 2018, which shall be known as the `Dumont 
                Dunes Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Area'.
                  ``(B) El mirage off-highway vehicle recreation 
                area.--Certain Bureau of Land Management land in the 
                Conservation Area, comprising approximately 14,930 
                acres, as generally depicted on the map entitled `El 
                Mirage Proposed OHV Recreation Area' and dated February 
                22, 2018, which shall be known as the `El Mirage Off-
                Highway Vehicle Recreation Area'.
                  ``(C) Rasor off-highway vehicle recreation area.--
                Certain Bureau of Land Management land in the 
                Conservation Area, comprising approximately 23,910 
                acres, as generally depicted on the map entitled `Rasor 
                Proposed OHV Recreation Area' and dated February 22, 
                2018, which shall be known as the `Rasor Off-Highway 
                Vehicle Recreation Area'.
                  ``(D) Spangler hills off-highway vehicle recreation 
                area.--Certain Bureau of Land Management land in the 
                Conservation Area, comprising approximately 56,140 
                acres, as generally depicted on the map entitled 
                `Spangler Hills Proposed OHV Recreation Area' and dated 
                February 22, 2018, which shall be known as the 
                `Spangler Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Area'.
                  ``(E) Stoddard valley off-highway vehicle recreation 
                area.--Certain Bureau of Land Management land in the 
                Conservation Area, comprising approximately 40,110 
                acres, as generally depicted on the map entitled 
                `Stoddard Valley Proposed OHV Recreation Area' and 
                dated February 22, 2018, which shall be known as the 
                `Stoddard Valley Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Area'.
          ``(2) Expansion of johnson valley off-highway vehicle 
        recreation area.--The Johnson Valley Off-Highway Vehicle 
        Recreation Area designated by section 2945 of the Military 
        Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (division B 
        of Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 1038) is expanded to include 
        approximately 11,300 acres, as generally depicted on the map 
        entitled `Proposed Johnson Valley Off-Highway Vehicle 
        Recreation Area Additions' and dated March 15, 2018.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the off-highway vehicle recreation 
areas designated or expanded under subsection (a) is to preserve and 
enhance the recreational opportunities within the Conservation Area 
(including opportunities for off-highway vehicle recreation), while 
conserving the wildlife and other natural resource values of the 
Conservation Area.
    ``(c) Maps and Descriptions.--
          ``(1) Preparation and submission.--As soon as practicable 
        after the date of enactment of this title, the Secretary shall 
        file a map and legal description of each off-highway vehicle 
        recreation area designated or expanded by subsection (a) with--
                  ``(A) the Committee on Natural Resources of the House 
                of Representatives; and
                  ``(B) the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
                of the Senate.
          ``(2) Legal effect.--The map and legal descriptions of the 
        off-highway vehicle recreation areas filed under paragraph (1) 
        shall have the same force and effect as if included in this 
        title, except that the Secretary may correct errors in the map 
        and legal descriptions.
          ``(3) Public availability.--Each map and legal description 
        filed under paragraph (1) shall be filed and made available for 
        public inspection in the appropriate offices of the Bureau of 
        Land Management.
    ``(d) Use of the Land.--
          ``(1) Recreational activities.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall continue to 
                authorize, maintain, and enhance the recreational uses 
                of the off-highway vehicle recreation areas designated 
                or expanded by subsection (a), including off-highway 
                recreation, hiking, camping, hunting, mountain biking, 
                sightseeing, rockhounding, and horseback riding, as 
                long as the recreational use is consistent with this 
                section and any other applicable law.
                  ``(B) Off-highway vehicle and off-highway 
                recreation.--To the extent consistent with applicable 
                Federal law (including regulations) and this section, 
                any authorized recreation activities and use 
                designations in effect on the date of enactment of this 
                title and applicable to the off-highway vehicle 
                recreation areas designated or expanded by subsection 
                (a) shall continue, including casual off-highway 
                vehicular use, racing, competitive events, rock 
                crawling, training, and other forms of off-highway 
                recreation.
          ``(2) Wildlife guzzlers.--Wildlife guzzlers shall be allowed 
        in the off-highway vehicle recreation areas designated or 
        expanded by subsection (a) in accordance with--
                  ``(A) applicable Bureau of Land Management 
                guidelines; and
                  ``(B) State law.
          ``(3) Prohibited uses.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), commercial development (including development of 
                energy facilities, but excluding energy transport 
                facilities, rights-of-way, and related 
                telecommunication facilities) shall be prohibited in 
                the off-highway vehicle recreation areas designated or 
                expanded by subsection (a) if the Secretary determines 
                that the development is incompatible with the purpose 
                described in subsection (b).
                  ``(B) Exception.--The Secretary may issue a temporary 
                permit to a commercial vendor to provide accessories 
                and other support for off-highway vehicle use in an 
                off-highway vehicle recreation area designated or 
                expanded by subsection (a) for a limited period and 
                consistent with the purposes of the off-highway vehicle 
                recreation area and applicable laws.
    ``(e) Administration.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall administer the off-
        highway vehicle recreation areas designated or expanded by 
        subsection (a) in accordance with--
                  ``(A) this title;
                  ``(B) the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
                1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.); and
                  ``(C) any other applicable laws (including 
                regulations).
          ``(2) Management plan.--
                  ``(A) In general.--As soon as practicable, but not 
                later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this 
                title, the Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) amend existing resource management 
                        plans applicable to the off-highway vehicle 
                        recreation areas designated or expanded by 
                        subsection (a); or
                          ``(ii) develop new management plans for each 
                        off-highway vehicle recreation area designated 
                        or expanded under that subsection.
                  ``(B) Requirements.--All new or amended plans under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be designed to preserve and 
                enhance safe off-highway vehicle and other recreational 
                opportunities within the applicable recreation area 
                consistent with--
                          ``(i) the purpose described in subsection 
                        (b); and
                          ``(ii) any applicable laws (including 
                        regulations).
                  ``(C) Interim plans.--Pending completion of a new 
                management plan under subparagraph (A), the existing 
                resource management plans shall govern the use of the 
                applicable off-highway vehicle recreation area.
    ``(f) Withdrawal.--Subject to valid existing rights, all Federal 
land within the off-highway vehicle recreation areas designated or 
expanded by subsection (a) is withdrawn from--
          ``(1) all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal under 
        the public land laws;
          ``(2) location, entry, and patent under the mining laws; and
          ``(3) right-of-way, leasing, or disposition under all laws 
        relating to mineral leasing, geothermal leasing, or mineral 
        materials.
    ``(g) Study.--
          ``(1) In general.--As soon as practicable, but not later than 
        2 years, after the date of enactment of this title, the 
        Secretary shall complete a study to identify Bureau of Land 
        Management land within the California Desert Conservation Area 
        that is suitable for addition to the off-highway vehicle 
        recreation areas designated or expanded by subsection (a).
          ``(2) Study areas.--The study required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                  ``(A) certain Bureau of Land Management land in the 
                California Desert Conservation Area, comprising 
                approximately 41,000 acres, as generally depicted on 
                the map entitled `Spangler Hills Proposed Expansion 
                Study Area' and dated March 9, 2018;
                  ``(B) certain Bureau of Land Management land in the 
                California Desert Conservation Area, comprising 
                approximately 680 acres, as generally depicted on the 
                map entitled `El Mirage Proposed Expansion Study Area' 
                and dated February 22, 2018; and
                  ``(C) certain Bureau of Land Management land in the 
                California Desert Conservation Area, comprising 
                approximately 10,130 acres, as generally depicted on 
                the map entitled `Johnson Valley Proposed Expansion 
                Study Area' and dated March 15, 2018.
          ``(3) Requirements.--In preparing the study under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) seek input from stakeholders, including--
                          ``(i) the State, including--
                                  ``(I) the California Public Utilities 
                                Commission; and
                                  ``(II) the California Energy 
                                Commission;
                          ``(ii) San Bernardino County, California;
                          ``(iii) the public;
                          ``(iv) recreational user groups;
                          ``(v) conservation organizations;
                          ``(vi) the Southern California Edison 
                        Company;
                          ``(vii) the Pacific Gas and Electric Company; 
                        and
                          ``(viii) other Federal agencies, including 
                        the Department of Defense;
                  ``(B) identify and exclude from consideration any 
                land that--
                          ``(i) is managed for conservation purposes;
                          ``(ii) may be suitable for renewable energy 
                        development; or
                          ``(iii) may be necessary for energy 
                        transmission; and
                  ``(C) not recommend or approve expansion of off-
                highway recreation areas within the California Desert 
                Conservation Area that collectively would exceed the 
                total acres administratively designated for off-highway 
                recreation within the California Desert Conservation 
                Area as of the day before the date of enactment of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
                (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 672).
          ``(4) Applicable law.--The Secretary shall consider the 
        information and recommendations of the study completed under 
        paragraph (1) to determine the impacts of expanding off-highway 
        vehicle recreation areas designated or expanded by subsection 
        (a) on the California Desert Conservation Area, in accordance 
        with--
                  ``(A) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
                (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                  ``(B) the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 
                1531 et seq.); and
                  ``(C) any other applicable law (including 
                regulations), plan, and the Desert Renewable Energy 
                Conservation Plan.
          ``(5) Submission to congress.--On completion of the study 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit the study to--
                  ``(A) the Committee on Natural Resources of the House 
                of Representatives; and
                  ``(B) the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
                of the Senate.
    ``(h) Southern California Edison Company Utility Facilities and 
Rights-of-way.--
          ``(1) Effect of title.--Nothing in this title--
                  ``(A) terminates any validly issued right-of-way for 
                the customary operation, maintenance, upgrade, repair, 
                relocation within an existing right-of-way, 
                replacement, or other authorized energy transport 
                facility activities (including the use of any 
                mechanized vehicle, helicopter, and other aerial 
                device) in a right-of-way issued, granted, or permitted 
                to Southern California Edison Company (including any 
                predecessor or successor in interest or assign) that is 
                located on land included in--
                          ``(i) the El Mirage Off-Highway Vehicle 
                        Recreation Area;
                          ``(ii) the Spangler Hills National Off-
                        Highway Vehicle Recreation Area; or
                          ``(iii) the Stoddard Valley National Off 
                        Highway Vehicle Recreation Area;
                  ``(B) affects the application, siting, route 
                selection, right-of-way acquisition, or construction of 
                the Coolwater-Lugo transmission project, as may be 
                approved by the California Public Utilities Commission 
                and the Bureau of Land Management; or
                  ``(C) prohibits the upgrading or replacement of any 
                Southern California Edison Company--
                          ``(i) utility facility, including such a 
                        utility facility known on the date of enactment 
                        of this title as--
                                  ``(I) `Gale-PS 512 transmission lines 
                                or rights-of-way'; or
                                  ``(II) `Patio, Jack Ranch, and 
                                Kenworth distribution circuits or 
                                rights-of-way'; or
                          ``(ii) energy transport facility in a right-
                        of-way issued, granted, or permitted by the 
                        Secretary adjacent to a utility facility 
                        referred to in clause (i).
          ``(2) Plans for access.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
        the Southern California Edison Company, shall publish plans for 
        regular and emergency access by the Southern California Edison 
        Company to the rights-of-way of the Company by the date that is 
        1 year after the later of--
                  ``(A) the date of enactment of this title; and
                  ``(B) the date of issuance of a new energy transport 
                facility right-of-way within--
                          ``(i) the El Mirage Off-Highway Vehicle 
                        Recreation Area;
                          ``(ii) the Spangler Hills National Off-
                        Highway Vehicle Recreation Area; or
                          ``(iii) the Stoddard Valley National Off 
                        Highway Vehicle Recreation Area.
    ``(i) Pacific Gas and Electric Company Utility Facilities and 
Rights-of-way.--
          ``(1) Effect of title.--Nothing in this title--
                  ``(A) terminates any validly issued right-of-way for 
                the customary operation, maintenance, upgrade, repair, 
                relocation within an existing right-of-way, 
                replacement, or other authorized activity (including 
                the use of any mechanized vehicle, helicopter, and 
                other aerial device) in a right-of-way issued, granted, 
                or permitted to Pacific Gas and Electric Company 
                (including any predecessor or successor in interest or 
                assign) that is located on land included in the 
                Spangler Hills National Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation 
                Area; or
                  ``(B) prohibits the upgrading or replacement of any--
                          ``(i) utility facilities of the Pacific Gas 
                        and Electric Company, including those utility 
                        facilities known on the date of enactment of 
                        this title as--
                                  ``(I) `Gas Transmission Line 311 or 
                                rights-of-way'; or
                                  ``(II) `Gas Transmission Line 372 or 
                                rights-of-way'; or
                          ``(ii) utility facilities of the Pacific Gas 
                        and Electric Company in rights-of-way issued, 
                        granted, or permitted by the Secretary adjacent 
                        to a utility facility referred to in clause 
                        (i).
          ``(2) Plans for access.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this title or the issuance of a new utility 
        facility right-of-way within the Spangler Hills National Off-
        Highway Vehicle Recreation Area, whichever is later, the 
        Secretary, in consultation with the Pacific Gas and Electric 
        Company, shall publish plans for regular and emergency access 
        by the Pacific Gas and Electric Company to the rights-of-way of 
        the Pacific Gas and Electric Company.

                 ``TITLE XIV--ALABAMA HILLS SCENIC AREA

``SEC. 1401. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this title:
          ``(1) Management plan.--The term `management plan' means the 
        management plan for the Scenic Area developed under section 
        1403(a).
          ``(2) Map.--The term `Map' means the map entitled `Proposed 
        Alabama Hills National Scenic Area' and dated September 8, 
        2014.
          ``(3) Motorized vehicle.--The term `motorized vehicle' means 
        a motorized or mechanized vehicle and includes, when used by a 
        utility, mechanized equipment, a helicopter, and any other 
        aerial device necessary to maintain electrical or 
        communications infrastructure.
          ``(4) Scenic area.--The term `Scenic Area' means the Alabama 
        Hills Scenic Area established by section 1402(a).
          ``(5) State.--The term `State' means the State of California.
          ``(6) Tribe.--The term `Tribe' means the Lone Pine Paiute-
        Shoshone Tribe.

``SEC. 1402. ALABAMA HILLS SCENIC AREA, CALIFORNIA.

    ``(a) Establishment.--Subject to valid existing rights, there is 
established in Inyo County, California, the Alabama Hills Scenic Area, 
to be comprised of the approximately 18,610 acres generally depicted on 
the Map as `National Scenic Area'.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the Scenic Area is to conserve, 
protect, and enhance for the benefit, use, and enjoyment of present and 
future generations the nationally significant scenic, cultural, 
geological, educational, biological, historical, recreational, 
cinematographic, and scientific resources of the Scenic Area managed 
consistent with section 302(a) of the Federal Land Policy and 
Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1732(a)).
    ``(c) Map; Legal Descriptions.--
          ``(1) In general.--As soon as practicable after the date of 
        enactment of this title, the Secretary shall file a map and a 
        legal description of the Scenic Area with--
                  ``(A) the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
                of the Senate; and
                  ``(B) the Committee on Natural Resources of the House 
                of Representatives.
          ``(2) Force of law.--The map and legal descriptions filed 
        under paragraph (1) shall have the same force and effect as if 
        included in this title, except that the Secretary may correct 
        any clerical and typographical errors in the map and legal 
        descriptions.
          ``(3) Public availability.--Each map and legal description 
        filed under paragraph (1) shall be on file and available for 
        public inspection in the appropriate offices of the Forest 
        Service and the Bureau of Land Management.
    ``(d) Administration.--The Secretary shall manage the Scenic Area--
          ``(1) as a component of the National Landscape Conservation 
        System;
          ``(2) so as not to impact the future continuing operation and 
        maintenance of any activities associated with valid, existing 
        rights, including water rights;
          ``(3) in a manner that conserves, protects, and enhances the 
        resources and values of the Scenic Area described in subsection 
        (b); and
          ``(4) in accordance with--
                  ``(A) the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
                1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.);
                  ``(B) this title; and
                  ``(C) any other applicable laws.
    ``(e) Management.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall allow only such uses 
        of the Scenic Area as the Secretary determines would further 
        the purposes of the Scenic Area as described in subsection (b).
          ``(2) Recreational activities.--Except as otherwise provided 
        in this title or other applicable law, or as the Secretary 
        determines to be necessary for public health and safety, the 
        Secretary shall allow existing recreational uses of the Scenic 
        Area to continue, including hiking, mountain biking, rock 
        climbing, sightseeing, horseback riding, hunting, fishing, and 
        appropriate authorized motorized vehicle use in accordance with 
        paragraph (3).
          ``(3) Motorized vehicles.--Except as otherwise specified in 
        this title, or as necessary for administrative purposes or to 
        respond to an emergency, the use of motorized vehicles in the 
        Scenic Area shall be permitted only on--
                  ``(A) roads and trails designated by the Secretary 
                for use of motorized vehicles as part of a management 
                plan sustaining a semiprimitive motorized experience; 
                or
                  ``(B) county-maintained roads in accordance with 
                applicable State and county laws.
    ``(f) No Buffer Zones.--
          ``(1) In general.--Nothing in this title creates a protective 
        perimeter or buffer zone around the Scenic Area.
          ``(2) Activities outside scenic area.--The fact that an 
        activity or use on land outside the Scenic Area can be seen or 
        heard within the Scenic Area shall not preclude the activity or 
        use outside the boundaries of the Scenic Area.
    ``(g) Access.--The Secretary shall provide private landowners 
adequate access to inholdings in the Scenic Area.
    ``(h) Filming.--Nothing in this title prohibits filming (including 
commercial film production, student filming, and still photography) 
within the Scenic Area--
          ``(1) subject to--
                  ``(A) such reasonable regulations, policies, and 
                practices as the Secretary considers to be necessary; 
                and
                  ``(B) applicable law; and
          ``(2) in a manner consistent with the purposes described in 
        subsection (b).
    ``(i) Fish and Wildlife.--Nothing in this title affects the 
jurisdiction or responsibilities of the State with respect to fish and 
wildlife.
    ``(j) Livestock.--The grazing of livestock in the Scenic Area, 
including grazing under the Alabama Hills allotment and the George 
Creek allotment, as established before the date of enactment of this 
title, shall be permitted to continue--
          ``(1) subject to--
                  ``(A) such reasonable regulations, policies, and 
                practices as the Secretary considers to be necessary; 
                and
                  ``(B) applicable law; and
          ``(2) in a manner consistent with the purposes described in 
        subsection (b).
    ``(k) Withdrawal.--Subject to the provisions of this title and 
valid rights in existence on the date of enactment of this title, 
including rights established by prior withdrawals, the Federal land 
within the Scenic Area is withdrawn from all forms of--
          ``(1) entry, appropriation, or disposal under the public land 
        laws;
          ``(2) location, entry, and patent under the mining laws; and
          ``(3) disposition under all laws pertaining to mineral and 
        geothermal leasing or mineral materials.
    ``(l) Wildland Fire Operations.--Nothing in this title prohibits 
the Secretary, in cooperation with other Federal, State, and local 
agencies, as appropriate, from conducting wildland fire operations in 
the Scenic Area, consistent with the purposes described in subsection 
(b).
    ``(m) Cooperative Agreements.--The Secretary may enter into 
cooperative agreements with, State, Tribal, and local governmental 
entities and private entities to conduct research, interpretation, or 
public education or to carry out any other initiative relating to the 
restoration, conservation, or management of the Scenic Area.
    ``(n) Utility Facilities and Rights-of-way.--
          ``(1) Effect of title.--Nothing in this title--
                  ``(A) affects the existence, use, operation, 
                maintenance (including vegetation control), repair, 
                construction, reconfiguration, expansion, inspection, 
                renewal, reconstruction, alteration, addition, 
                relocation, improvement, funding, removal, or 
                replacement of any utility facility or appurtenant 
                right-of-way within or adjacent to the Scenic Area;
                  ``(B) subject to subsection (e), affects necessary or 
                efficient access to utility facilities or rights-of-way 
                within or adjacent to the Scenic Area; and
                  ``(C) precludes the Secretary from authorizing the 
                establishment of new utility facility rights-of-way 
                (including instream sites, routes, and areas) within 
                the Scenic Area in a manner that minimizes harm to the 
                purpose of the Scenic Area as described in subsection 
                (b)--
                          ``(i) in accordance with the National 
                        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                        4321 et seq.) and any other applicable law;
                          ``(ii) subject to such terms and conditions 
                        as the Secretary determines to be appropriate; 
                        and
                          ``(iii) that are determined by the Secretary 
                        to be the only technical or feasible location, 
                        following consideration of alternatives within 
                        existing rights-of-way or outside of the Scenic 
                        Area.
          ``(2) Management plan.--Consistent with this title, the 
        Management Plan shall establish plans for maintenance of public 
        utility and other rights-of-way within the Scenic Area.

``SEC. 1403. MANAGEMENT PLAN.

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
enactment of this title, in accordance with subsections (b) and (c), 
the Secretary shall develop a comprehensive plan for the long-term 
management of the Scenic Area.
    ``(b) Consultation.--In developing the management plan, the 
Secretary shall consult with
          ``(1) appropriate State, Tribal, and local governmental 
        entities, including Inyo County, the Los Angeles Department of 
        Water and Power, and the Tribe;
          ``(2) utilities, including Southern California Edison 
        Company;
          ``(3) the Alabama Hills Stewardship Group; and
          ``(4) members of the public.
    ``(c) Requirement.--In accordance with this title, the management 
plan shall establish plans for maintenance of public utility and other 
rights-of-way within the Scenic Area.
    ``(d) Incorporation.--In developing the management plan, in 
accordance with this section, the Secretary shall allow, in perpetuity, 
casual use mining limited to the use of hand tools, metal detectors, 
hand-fed dry washers, vacuum cleaners, gold pans, small sluices, and 
similar items.
    ``(e) Interim Management.--Pending completion of the management 
plan, the Secretary shall manage the Scenic Area in accordance with 
section 1402(b).

``SEC. 1404. LAND TAKEN INTO TRUST FOR LONE PINE PAIUTE-SHOSHONE 
                    RESERVATION.

    ``(a) Trust Land.--As soon as practicable after the date of 
enactment of this title, the Secretary shall take the approximately 132 
acres of Federal land depicted on the Map as `Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone 
Reservation Addition' into trust for the benefit of the Tribe, subject 
to the conditions that
          ``(1) the land shall be subject to all easements, covenants, 
        conditions, restrictions, withdrawals, and other matters of 
        record in existence on the date of enactment of this title; and
          ``(2) the Federal land over which the right-of-way for the 
        Los Angeles Aqueduct is located, generally described as the 
        250-foot-wide right-of-way granted to the City of Los Angeles 
        pursuant to the Act of June 30, 1906 (34 Stat. 801, chapter 
        3926), shall not be taken into trust for the Tribe.
    ``(b) Reservation Land.--The land taken into trust pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall be considered to be a part of the reservation of 
the Tribe.
    ``(c) Gaming Prohibition.--Land taken into trust under subsection 
(a) shall not be eligible, or considered to have been taken into trust, 
for gaming (within the meaning of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (25 
U.S.C. 2701 et seq.)).

``SEC. 1405. TRANSFER OF ADMINISTRATIVE JURISDICTION.

    ``Administrative jurisdiction over the approximately 40 acres of 
Federal land depicted on the Map as `USFS Transfer to BLM' is 
transferred from the Forest Service to the Bureau of Land Management.

``SEC. 1406. PROTECTION OF SERVICES AND RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES.

    ``(a) Effect of Title.--Nothing in this title limits the provision 
of any commercial service for existing or historic recreation use, as 
authorized by the permit process of the Bureau of Land Management.
    ``(b) Guided Recreational Opportunities.--Any valid existing 
commercial permit to exercise guided recreational opportunities for the 
public may continue as authorized on the day before the date of 
enactment of this title.''.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

SEC. 501. TRANSFER OF LAND TO ANZA-BORREGO DESERT STATE PARK.

    Title VII of the California Desert Protection Act of 1994 (16 
U.S.C. 410aaa-71 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 712. TRANSFER OF LAND TO ANZA-BORREGO DESERT STATE PARK.

    ``(a) In General.--On termination of all mining claims to the land 
described in subsection (b), the Secretary shall transfer the land 
described in that subsection to the State of California.
    ``(b) Description of Land.--The land referred to in subsection (a) 
is certain Bureau of Land Management land in San Diego County, 
California, comprising approximately 934 acres, as generally depicted 
on the map entitled `Table Mountain Wilderness Study Area Proposed 
Transfer to the State' and dated July 15, 2009.
    ``(c) Management.--
          ``(1) In general.--The land transferred under subsection (a) 
        shall be managed in accordance with the provisions of the 
        California Wilderness Act (California Public Resources Code 
        sections 5093.30-5093.40).
          ``(2) Withdrawal.--Subject to valid existing rights, the land 
        transferred under subsection (a) is withdrawn from--
                  ``(A) all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal 
                under the public land laws;
                  ``(B) location, entry, and patent under the mining 
                laws; and
                  ``(C) disposition under all laws relating to mineral 
                and geothermal leasing.
          ``(3) Reversion.--If the State ceases to manage the land 
        transferred under subsection (a) as part of the State Park 
        System or in a manner inconsistent with the California 
        Wilderness Act (California Public Resources Code sections 
        5093.30-5093.40), the land shall revert to the Secretary at the 
        discretion of the Secretary, to be managed as a Wilderness 
        Study Area.''.

SEC. 502. WILDLIFE CORRIDORS.

    Title VII of the California Desert Protection Act of 1994 (16 
U.S.C. 410aaa-71 et seq.) (as amended by section 501) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 713. WILDLIFE CORRIDORS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall--
          ``(1) assess the impacts of habitat fragmentation on wildlife 
        in the California Desert Conservation Area; and
          ``(2) establish policies and procedures to ensure the 
        preservation of wildlife corridors and facilitate species 
        migration.
    ``(b) Study.--
          ``(1) In general.--As soon as practicable, but not later than 
        2 years, after the date of enactment of this section, the 
        Secretary shall complete a study regarding the impact of 
        habitat fragmentation on wildlife in the California Desert 
        Conservation Area.
          ``(2) Components.--The study under paragraph (1) shall--
                  ``(A) identify the species migrating, or likely to 
                migrate in the California Desert Conservation Area;
                  ``(B) examine the impacts and potential impacts of 
                habitat fragmentation on
                          ``(i) plants, insects, and animals;
                          ``(ii) soil;
                          ``(iii) air quality;
                          ``(iv) water quality and quantity; and
                          ``(v) species migration and survival;
                  ``(C) identify critical wildlife and species 
                migration corridors recommended for preservation; and
                  ``(D) include recommendations for ensuring the 
                biological connectivity of public land managed by the 
                Secretary and the Secretary of Defense throughout the 
                California Desert Conservation Area.
          ``(3) Rights-of-way.--The Secretary shall consider the 
        information and recommendations of the study under paragraph 
        (1) to determine the individual and cumulative impacts of 
        rights-of-way for projects in the California Desert 
        Conservation Area, in accordance with--
                  ``(A) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
                (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                  ``(B) the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 
                1531 et seq.); and
                  ``(C) any other applicable law.
    ``(c) Land Management Plans.--The Secretary shall incorporate into 
all land management plans applicable to the California Desert 
Conservation Area the findings and recommendations of the study 
completed under subsection (b).''.

SEC. 503. PROHIBITED USES OF ACQUIRED, DONATED, AND CONSERVATION LAND.

    Title VII of the California Desert Protection Act of 1994 (16 
U.S.C. 410aaa-71 et seq.) (as amended by section 502) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 714. PROHIBITED USES OF ACQUIRED, DONATED, AND CONSERVATION 
                    LAND.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Acquired land.--The term `acquired land' means any land 
        acquired within the Conservation Area using amounts from the 
        land and water conservation fund established under section 
        200302 of title 54, United States Code.
          ``(2) Conservation area.--The term `Conservation Area' means 
        the California Desert Conservation Area.
          ``(3) Conservation land.--The term `conservation land' means 
        any land within the Conservation Area that is designated to 
        satisfy the conditions of a Federal habitat conservation plan, 
        general conservation plan, or State natural communities 
        conservation plan, including--
                  ``(A) national conservation land established pursuant 
                to section 2002(b)(2)(D) of the Omnibus Public Land 
                Management Act of 2009 (16 U.S.C. 7202(b)(2)(D)); and
                  ``(B) areas of critical environmental concern 
                established pursuant to section 202(c)(3) of the 
                Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 
                U.S.C. 1712(c)(3)).
          ``(4) Donated land.--The term `donated land' means any 
        private land donated to the United States for conservation 
        purposes in the Conservation Area.
          ``(5) Donor.--The term `donor' means an individual or entity 
        that donates private land within the Conservation Area to the 
        United States.
          ``(6) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary, 
        acting through the Director of the Bureau of Land Management.
          ``(7) State.--The term `State' means the State of California.
    ``(b) Prohibitions.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the 
Secretary shall not authorize the use of acquired land, conservation 
land, or donated land within the Conservation Area for any activities 
contrary to the conservation purposes for which the land was acquired, 
designated, or donated, including
          ``(1) disposal;
          ``(2) rights-of-way;
          ``(3) leases;
          ``(4) livestock grazing;
          ``(5) infrastructure development, except as provided in 
        subsection (c);
          ``(6) mineral entry; and
          ``(7) off-highway vehicle use, except on
                  ``(A) designated routes;
                  ``(B) off-highway vehicle areas designated by law; 
                and
                  ``(C) administratively designated open areas.
    ``(c) Exceptions.--
          ``(1) Authorization by secretary.--Subject to paragraph (2), 
        the Secretary may authorize limited exceptions to prohibited 
        uses of acquired land or donated land in the Conservation Area 
        if--
                  ``(A) a right-of-way application for a renewable 
                energy development project or associated energy 
                transport facility on acquired land or donated land was 
                submitted to the Bureau of Land Management on or before 
                December 1, 2009; or
                  ``(B) after the completion and consideration of an 
                analysis under the National Environmental Policy Act of 
                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the Secretary has 
                determined that proposed use is in the public interest.
          ``(2) Conditions.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary grants an 
                exception to the prohibition under paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary shall require the permittee to donate private 
                land of comparable value located within the 
                Conservation Area to the United States to mitigate the 
                use.
                  ``(B) Approval.--The private land to be donated under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be approved by the Secretary 
                after--
                          ``(i) consultation, to the maximum extent 
                        practicable, with the donor of the private land 
                        proposed for nonconservation uses; and
                          ``(ii) an opportunity for public comment 
                        regarding the donation.
    ``(d) Existing Agreements.--Nothing in this section affects 
permitted or prohibited uses of donated land or acquired land in the 
Conservation Area established in any easements, deed restrictions, 
memoranda of understanding, or other agreements in existence on the 
date of enactment of this section.
    ``(e) Deed Restrictions.--Effective beginning on the date of 
enactment of this section, within the Conservation Area, the Secretary 
may--
          ``(1) accept deed restrictions requested by landowners for 
        land donated to, or otherwise acquired by, the United States; 
        and
          ``(2) consistent with existing rights, create deed 
        restrictions, easements, or other third-party rights relating 
        to any public land determined by the Secretary to be 
        necessary--
                  ``(A) to fulfill the mitigation requirements 
                resulting from the development of renewable resources; 
                or
                  ``(B) to satisfy the conditions of--
                          ``(i) a habitat conservation plan or general 
                        conservation plan established pursuant to 
                        section 10 of the Endangered Species Act of 
                        1973 (16 U.S.C. 1539); or
                          ``(ii) a natural communities conservation 
                        plan approved by the State.''.

SEC. 504. TRIBAL USES AND INTERESTS.

    Section 705 of the California Desert Protection Act of 1994 (16 
U.S.C. 410aaa-75) is amended
          (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
          (2) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Access.--The Secretary shall ensure access to areas 
designated under this Act by members of Indian Tribes for traditional 
cultural and religious purposes, consistent with applicable law, 
including Public Law 95-341 (commonly known as the `American Indian 
Religious Freedom Act') (42 U.S.C. 1996).
    ``(b) Temporary Closure.--
          ``(1) In general.--In accordance with applicable law, 
        including Public Law 95-341 (commonly known as the `American 
        Indian Religious Freedom Act') (42 U.S.C. 1996), and subject to 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary, on request of an Indian Tribe or 
        Indian religious community, shall temporarily close to general 
        public use any portion of an area designated as a national 
        monument, special management area, wild and scenic river, area 
        of critical environmental concern, or National Park System unit 
        under this Act (referred to in this subsection as a `designated 
        area') to protect the privacy of traditional cultural and 
        religious activities in the designated area by members of the 
        Indian tribe or Indian religious community.
          ``(2) Limitation.--In closing a portion of a designated area 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall limit the closure to 
        the smallest practicable area for the minimum period necessary 
        for the traditional cultural and religious activities.''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Tribal Cultural Resources Management Plan.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of the California Desert Protection and Recreation 
        Act of 2018, the Secretary shall develop and implement a Tribal 
        cultural resources management plan to identify, protect, and 
        conserve cultural resources of Indian tribes associated with 
        the Xam Kwatchan Trail network extending from Avikwaame (Spirit 
        Mountain, Nevada) to Avikwlal (Pilot Knob, California).
          ``(2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult on the 
        development and implementation of the Tribal cultural resources 
        management plan under paragraph (1) with--
                  ``(A) each of--
                          ``(i) the Chemehuevi Indian Tribe;
                          ``(ii) the Hualapai Tribal Nation;
                          ``(iii) the Fort Mojave Indian Tribe;
                          ``(iv) the Colorado River Indian Tribes;
                          ``(v) the Quechan Indian Tribe; and
                          ``(vi) the Cocopah Indian Tribe; and
                  ``(B) the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation.
                  ``(3) Resource protection.--The Tribal cultural 
                resources management plan developed under paragraph (1) 
                shall--
                  ``(A) be based on a completed Tribal cultural 
                resources survey; and
                  ``(B) include procedures for identifying, protecting, 
                and preserving petroglyphs, ancient trails, intaglios, 
                sleeping circles, artifacts, and other resources of 
                cultural, archaeological, or historical significance in 
                accordance with all applicable laws and policies, 
                including--
                          ``(i) chapter 2003 of title 54, United States 
                        Code;
                          ``(ii) Public Law 95-341 (commonly known as 
                        the `American Indian Religious Freedom Act') 
                        (42 U.S.C. 1996);
                          ``(iii) the Archaeological Resources 
                        Protection Act of 1979 (16 U.S.C. 470aa et 
                        seq.);
                          ``(iv) the Native American Graves Protection 
                        and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.); 
                        and
                          ``(v) Public Law 103-141 (commonly known as 
                        the `Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 
                        1993') (42 U.S.C. 2000bb et seq.).
    ``(e) Withdrawal.--Subject to valid existing rights, all Federal 
land within the area administratively withdrawn and known as the 
`Indian Pass Withdrawal Area' is permanently withdrawn from--
          ``(1) all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal under 
        the public land laws;
          ``(2) location, entry, and patent under the mining laws; and
          ``(3) right-of-way leasing and disposition under all laws 
        relating to minerals or solar, wind, or geothermal energy.''.

SEC. 505. RELEASE OF FEDERAL REVERSIONARY LAND INTERESTS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) 1932 ACT.--The term ``1932 Act'' means the Act of June 
        18, 1932 (47 Stat. 324, chapter 270).
          (2) District.--The term ``District'' means the Metropolitan 
        Water District of Southern California.
    (b) Release.--Subject to valid existing claims perfected prior to 
the effective date of the 1932 Act and the reservation of minerals set 
forth in the 1932 Act, the Secretary shall release, convey, or 
otherwise quitclaim to the District, in a form recordable in local 
county records, and subject to the approval of the District, after 
consultation and without monetary consideration, all right, title, and 
remaining interest of the United States in and to the land that was 
conveyed to the District pursuant to the 1932 Act or any other law 
authorizing conveyance subject to restrictions or reversionary 
interests retained by the United States, on request by the District.
    (c) Terms and conditions.--A conveyance authorized by subsection 
(b) shall be subject to the following terms and conditions:
          (1) The District shall cover, or reimburse the Secretary for, 
        the costs incurred by the Secretary to make the conveyance, 
        including title searches, surveys, deed preparation, attorneys' 
        fees, and similar expenses.
          (2) By accepting the conveyances, the District agrees to 
        indemnify and hold harmless the United States with regard to 
        any boundary dispute relating to any parcel conveyed under this 
        section.

SEC. 506. CALIFORNIA STATE SCHOOL LAND.

    Section 707 of the California Desert Protection Act of 1994 (16 
U.S.C. 410aaa-77) is amended
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in the first sentence--
                          (i) by striking ``Upon request of the 
                        California State Lands Commission (hereinafter 
                        in this section referred to as the 
                        `Commission'), the Secretary shall enter into 
                        negotiations for an agreement'' and inserting 
                        the following:
                          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        negotiate in good faith to reach an agreement 
                        with the California State Lands Commission 
                        (referred to in this section as the 
                        `Commission')''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``, national monuments, 
                        off-highway vehicle recreation areas,'' after 
                        ``more of the wilderness areas''; and
                  (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``The 
                Secretary shall negotiate in good faith to'' and 
                inserting the following:
          ``(2) Agreement.--To the maximum extent practicable, not 
        later than 10 years after the date of enactment of this title, 
        the Secretary shall'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting ``, national 
        monuments, off-highway vehicle recreation areas,'' after 
        ``wilderness areas''; and
          (3) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) Special deposit fund account.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Assembled land exchanges may be 
                used to carry out this section through the sale of 
                surplus Federal property and subsequent acquisitions of 
                State school land.
                  ``(B) Receipts.--Past and future receipts from the 
                sale of property described in subsection (a), less any 
                costs incurred related to the sale, shall be deposited 
                in a Special Deposit Fund Account established in the 
                Treasury.
                  ``(C) Use.--Funds accumulated in the Special Deposit 
                Fund Account may be used by the Secretary, without 
                further appropriation, to acquire State school lands or 
                interest in the land consistent with this section.''.

SEC. 507. DESIGNATION OF WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS.

    (a) Amargosa River, California.--Section 3(a)(196)(A) of the Wild 
and Scenic Rivers Act (16 U.S.C. 1274(a)(196)(A)) is amended to read as 
follows:
                  ``(A) The approximately 6.1-mile segment of the 
                Amargosa River in the State of California, from 100 
                feet downstream of the State Highway 178 crossing to 
                100 feet upstream of the Tecopa Hot Springs Road 
                crossing, to be administered by the Secretary of the 
                Interior as a scenic river.''.
    (b) Additional Segments.--Section 3(a) of the Wild and Scenic 
Rivers Act (16 U.S.C. 1274(a)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
          ``(214) Surprise canyon creek, california.
                  ``(A) In general.--The following segments of Surprise 
                Canyon Creek in the State of California, to be 
                administered by the Secretary of the Interior:
                          ``(i) The approximately 5.3 miles of Surprise 
                        Canyon Creek from the confluence of Frenchman's 
                        Canyon and Water Canyon to 100 feet upstream of 
                        Chris Wicht Camp, as a wild river.
                          ``(ii) The approximately 1.8 miles of 
                        Surprise Canyon Creek from 100 feet upstream of 
                        Chris Wicht Camp to the southern boundary of 
                        sec. 14, T. 21 N., R. 44 E., as a recreational 
                        river.
                  ``(B) Effect on historic mining structures.--Nothing 
                in this paragraph affects the historic mining 
                structures associated with the former Panamint Mining 
                District.
          ``(215) Deep creek, california.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The following segments of Deep 
                Creek in the State of California, to be administered by 
                the Secretary of Agriculture:
                          ``(i) The approximately 6.5-mile segment from 
                        0.125 mile downstream of the Rainbow Dam site 
                        in sec. 33, T. 2 N., R. 2 W., to 0.25 miles 
                        upstream of the Road 3N34 crossing, as a wild 
                        river.
                          ``(ii) The 0.5-mile segment from 0.25 mile 
                        upstream of the Road 3N34 crossing to 0.25 mile 
                        downstream of the Road 3N34 crossing, as a 
                        scenic river.
                          ``(iii) The 2.5-mile segment from 0.25 miles 
                        downstream of the Road 3 N. 34 crossing to 0.25 
                        miles upstream of the Trail 2W01 crossing, as a 
                        wild river.
                          ``(iv) The 0.5-mile segment from 0.25 miles 
                        upstream of the Trail 2W01 crossing to 0.25 
                        mile downstream of the Trail 2W01 crossing, as 
                        a scenic river.
                          ``(v) The 10-mile segment from 0.25 miles 
                        downstream of the Trail 2W01 crossing to the 
                        upper limit of the Mojave dam flood zone in 
                        sec. 17, T. 3 N., R. 3 W., as a wild river.
                          ``(vi) The 11-mile segment of Holcomb Creek 
                        from 100 yards downstream of the Road 3N12 
                        crossing to .25 miles downstream of Holcomb 
                        Crossing, as a recreational river.
                          ``(vii) The 3.5-mile segment of the Holcomb 
                        Creek from 0.25 miles downstream of Holcomb 
                        Crossing to the Deep Creek confluence, as a 
                        wild river.
                  ``(B) Effect on ski operations.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph affects
                          ``(i) the operations of the Snow Valley Ski 
                        Resort; or
                          ``(ii) the State regulation of water rights 
                        and water quality associated with the operation 
                        of the Snow Valley Ski Resort.
          ``(216) Whitewater river, california.--The following segments 
        of the Whitewater River in the State of California, to be 
        administered by the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary 
        of the Interior, acting jointly:
                  ``(A) The 5.8-mile segment of the North Fork 
                Whitewater River from the source of the River near Mt. 
                San Gorgonio to the confluence with the Middle Fork, as 
                a wild river.
                  ``(B) The 6.4-mile segment of the Middle Fork 
                Whitewater River from the source of the River to the 
                confluence with the South Fork, as a wild river.
                  ``(C) The 1-mile segment of the South Fork Whitewater 
                River from the confluence of the River with the East 
                Fork to the section line between sections 32 and 33, T. 
                1 S., R. 2 E., as a wild river.
                  ``(D) The 1-mile segment of the South Fork Whitewater 
                River from the section line between sections 32 and 33, 
                T. 1 S., R. 2 E., to the section line between sections 
                33 and 34, T. 1 S., R. 2 E., as a recreational river.
                  ``(E) The 4.9-mile segment of the South Fork 
                Whitewater River from the section line between sections 
                33 and 34, T. 1 S., R. 2 E., to the confluence with the 
                Middle Fork, as a wild river.
                  ``(F) The 5.4-mile segment of the main stem of the 
                Whitewater River from the confluence of the South and 
                Middle Forks to the San Gorgonio Wilderness boundary, 
                as a wild river.
                  ``(G) The 3.6-mile segment of the main stem of the 
                Whitewater River from the San Gorgonio Wilderness 
                boundary to .25 miles upstream of the southern boundary 
                of section 35, T. 2 S., R. 3 E., as a recreational 
                river.''.

SEC. 508. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--Section 1 of the California Desert Protection Act 
of 1994 (16 U.S.C. 410aaa note; Public Law 103-433) is amended by 
striking ``1 and 2, and titles I through IX'' and inserting ``1, 2, and 
3, titles I through IX, and titles XIII and XIV''.
    (b) Definitions.--The California Desert Protection Act of 1994 
(Public Law 103-433; 108 Stat. 4471) is amended by inserting after 
section 2 the following:

``SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    ``(a) Titles I Through IX.--In titles I through IX, the term `this 
Act' means only--
          ``(1) sections 1 and 2; and
          ``(2) titles I through IX.
    ``(b) Titles XIII and XIV.--In titles XIII and XIV:
          ``(1) Conservation area.--The term `Conservation Area' means 
        the California Desert Conservation Area.
          ``(2) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means--
                  ``(A) with respect to land under the jurisdiction of 
                the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of the 
                Interior; and
                  ``(B) with respect to land under the jurisdiction of 
                the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of 
                Agriculture.
          ``(3) State.--The term `State' means the State of 
        California.''.

SEC. 509. JUNIPER FLATS.

    The California Desert Protection Act of 1994 is amended by striking 
section 711 (16 U.S.C. 410aaa-81) and inserting the following:

``SEC. 711. JUNIPER FLATS.

    ``Development of renewable energy generation facilities (excluding 
rights-of-way or facilities for the transmission of energy and 
telecommunication facilities and infrastructure) is prohibited on the 
approximately 28,000 acres of Federal land generally depicted as `BLM 
Land Withdrawn from Energy Development and Power Generation' on the map 
entitled `Juniper Flats' and dated September 21, 2015.''.

SEC. 510. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO CALIFORNIA MILITARY LANDS WITHDRAWAL 
                    AND OVERFLIGHTS ACT OF 1994.

    (a) Findings.--Section 801(b)(2) of the California Military Lands 
Withdrawal and Overflights Act of 1994 (16 U.S.C. 410aaa-82 note; 
Public Law 103-433) is amended by inserting ``, special management 
areas, off-highway vehicle recreation areas, scenic areas,'' before 
``and wilderness areas''.
    (b) Overflights; Special Airspace.--Section 802 of the California 
Military Lands Withdrawal and Overflights Act of 1994 (16 U.S.C. 
410aaa-82) is amended (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, scenic 
areas, off-highway vehicle recreation areas, or special management 
areas'' before ``designated by this Act'';
          (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``, scenic areas, off-
        highway vehicle recreation areas, or special management areas'' 
        before ``designated by this Act''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Department of Defense Facilities.--Nothing in this Act alters 
any authority of the Secretary of Defense to conduct military 
operations at installations and ranges within the California Desert 
Conservation Area that are authorized under any other provision of 
law.''.

SEC. 511. DESERT TORTOISE CONSERVATION CENTER.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish, operate, and 
maintain a trans-State desert tortoise conservation center (referred to 
in this section as the ``Center'') on public land along the California-
Nevada border
          (1) to support desert tortoise research, disease monitoring, 
        handling training, rehabilitation, and reintroduction;
          (2) to provide temporary quarters for animals collected from 
        authorized salvage from renewable energy sites; and
          (3) to ensure the full recovery and ongoing survival of the 
        species.
          (b) Center.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary 
        shall (1) seek the participation of or contract with qualified 
        organizations with expertise in desert tortoise disease 
        research and experience with desert tortoise translocation 
        techniques, and scientific training of professional biologists 
        for handling tortoises, to staff and manage the Center;
          (2) ensure that the Center engages in public outreach and 
        education on tortoise handling; and
          (3) consult with the State and the State of Nevada to ensure 
        that the Center is operated consistent with State law.
    (c) Non-Federal Contributions.--The Secretary may accept and expend 
contributions of non-Federal funds to establish, operate, and maintain 
the Center.

                                Purpose

    The purpose of H.R. 857 is to provide for conservation and 
enhanced recreation opportunities in the California Desert 
Conservation Area (CDCA).

                          Background and Need

    The California desert has been the subject of conservation 
efforts for nearly 40 years. H.R. 857 amends the California 
Desert Protection Act of 1994 (CDPA, Public Law 103-433) to 
provide a comprehensive approach to the future management of 
Federal lands within the CDCA. The CDCA contains over 25 
million acres of land and includes 16 million acres of federal 
lands administered by the Department of the Interior (DOI) and 
the Forest Service.
    H.R. 857 seeks to balance the many uses of California's 
desert resources, including hiking, mountain hiking, off-
highway vehicle use, grazing, and military training, with land 
use protection. A diverse group of stakeholders collaborated in 
the development of the legislation, including environmental 
groups, State and local governments, off-highway 
recreationists, ranchers, mining interests, wind and solar 
energy companies, public utility companies, Tribes, and the 
Department of Defense.
    H.R. 857 designates 328,867 acres of new wilderness and 
additions to existing wilderness areas; establishes the Vinagre 
Wash Special Management Area (SMA, 81,880 acres of land); 
adjusts the boundaries of Death Valley National Park, Mojave 
National Preserve, and Joshua Tree National Park to 
cumulatively add an additional 43,917 acres of land to the 
parks; designates the Alabama Hills Scenic Area (18,610 acres 
of land) in Inyo County (the location of dozens of movies and 
television shows); designates five off-highway vehicle (OHV) 
recreation areas (142,720 acres of land); expands the Johnson 
Valley OHV Recreation Area (11,300 acres of land); and 
designates 17 new segments (76 miles of waterways) as 
components of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System.

                          Legislative History

    H.R. 857 was introduced by Representative Cook in the House 
of Representatives on February 3, 2017. The Natural Resources 
Committee's Subcommittee on Federal Lands held a hearing on 
H.R. 857 on February 6, 2018. The Natural Resources Committee 
ordered H.R. 857 reported, as amended, on May 16, 2018. H.R. 
857 was considered under suspension of the rules and passed the 
House of Representatives by voice vote on June 25, 2018.
    Senator Feinstein introduced companion legislation, S. 32, 
on January 5, 2017. The Subcommittee on Public Lands, Forests, 
and Mining held a hearing on the bill on July 26, 2017.
    In the 114th Congress, Representative Cook introduced a 
similar bill, H.R. 3668, in the House of Representatives on 
October 1, 2105. The Natural Resources Committee's Subcommittee 
on Federal Lands held a hearing on H.R. 3668 on December 9, 
2015.
    Senator Feinstein introduced companion legislation, S. 414, 
on February 9, 2015. The Subcommittee on Public Lands, Forests, 
and Mining held a hearing on S. 414 (S. Hrg. 114-490) on 
October 8, 2105.
    Representative Vargas introduced similar legislation, H.R. 
4060, in the House of Representatives on November 18, 2015.
    The Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources met in 
open business session on October 2, 2018, and ordered H.R. 857 
and S. 32 favorably reported, as amended.

                        Committee Recommendation

    The Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, in 
open business session on October 2, 2018, by a majority voice 
vote of a quorum present, recommends that the Senate pass H.R. 
857, if amended as described herein. Senators Barrasso, Risch, 
and Lee asked to be recorded as voting no.

                          Committee Amendment

    During its consideration of H.R. 857, the Committee adopted 
an amendment in the nature of a substitute.
    The substitute amendment adds a new section 2 to define key 
terms. The substitute amendment also releases only the Cady 
Mountains and Kingston Range Wilderness Study Areas (WSA); it 
does not release the Avawatz Mountain, Death Valley National 
Park Boundary and Wilderness 17, Great Falls Basin, or Soda 
Mountain WSAs.
    The substitute amendment further strikes section 1304, 
which addressed cherry-stemmed roads, and section 1305, which 
designated one acre of National Park Service (NPS) land as 
potential wilderness.
    The substitute amendment also provides for a new title II, 
which adds in a new provision addressing the designation of the 
Vinagre Wash SMA; clarifies the management and permitted uses 
of the SMA; strikes the provision directing the Secretary of 
the Interior (Secretary) to manage the Indian Pass, Milpitas 
Wash, Buzzards Peak, and Palo Verde regions as potential 
wilderness; removes the authorization for the Secretary of the 
Navy to use the SMA for training purposes; and strikes the 
designation of 10,860 acres of the Indian Pass region and 
17,250 acres of the Milpitas Wash region as wilderness.
    The substitute amendment provides for a new title III, 
which addresses additions to the National Park System. The new 
title III adjusts the boundary of Death Valley National Park to 
add approximately 39,369 acres of Bureau of Land Management 
(BLM) land to the Park (about 4,000 acres more than the 
original language), some of which is currently being 
administered by the NPS; and makes clear that the Morman Peak 
Microwave Facility can continue operations.
    The substitute amendment provides for a new title IV, which 
addresses OHV recreation areas. The new title IV clarifies that 
the Secretary can issue a temporary permit for commercial 
vendors in certain circumstances; reduces the amount of land to 
be studied for potential inclusion in the Johnson Valley OHV 
Recreation Area; strikes the provision authorizing the 
Secretary to expand the OHV Recreation Areas that are being 
studied; changes the designation from the ``Alabama Hills 
National Scenic Area,'' to the ``Alabama Hills Scenic Area;'' 
and strikes the authorization for the Secretary to award grants 
to study the Scenic Area.
    The substitute amendment further provides for a new title 
V, which addresses miscellaneous provisions. The new title V 
adds in a provision authorizing a transfer of land to Anza-
Borrego State Park, which will be managed as wilderness and 
revert to the federal government if it is not managed as 
wilderness; authorizes OHV recreation areas to be eligible for 
an exchange of Federal and State lands between the Federal 
government and the State of California; strikes the provision 
designating approximately 1.4 miles of the Amargosa River as a 
scenic river; strikes the provisions on buffer zones and 
management of nonwilderness activities; strikes the provision 
relating to native groundwater supplies in the Mojave National 
Preserve; makes clear that military operations can continue in 
all scenic areas, OHV recreation areas, and special management 
areas within the CDCA and that nothing in this legislation 
alters or diminishes the authority of the Secretary of Defense 
to conduct military operations; and modifies the provision 
directing the Secretary to establish, operate, and maintain a 
trans-State, rather than a bi-State, desert tortoise 
conservation center.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis


Section 1. Short title; table of contents

    Section 1 provides a short title for the Act and a table of 
contents.

Section 2. Definitions

    Section 2 provides key definitions.

      TITLE I--DESIGNATION OF WILDERNESS IN THE CALIFORNIA DESERT 
                           CONSERVATION AREA

Section 101. California desert conservation and recreation

    Section 101(a) amends the CDPA to designate 87,700 acres of 
land managed by the BLM as the Avawatz Mountains Wilderness; 
7,870 acres of BLM land as the Great Falls Basin Wilderness; 
and 79,900 acres of BLM land as the Soda Mountains Wilderness.
    Subsection (b) adds 1,250 acres of BLM land to the Golden 
Valley Wilderness and 53,320 acres of BLM land to the Kingston 
Range Wilderness.
    Subsection (c) adds 91,560 acres of land administered by 
the NPS, and within Death Valley National Park, to the Death 
Valley National Park Wilderness.
    Subsection (d) adds 7,141 acres of USFS land to the San 
Gorgonio Wilderness; authorizes the Secretary to carry out 
activities as necessary to control fire, insects, and disease 
in accordance with the Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1133(d)(1)) 
and House Report 98-40; directs the Secretary to amend local 
fire management plans that apply to the new wilderness area; 
and directs the Forest Supervisor to establish agency approval 
procedures for responding to fire emergencies and to enter into 
agreements with appropriate State or local firefighting 
agencies.
    Subsection (e) makes clear that nothing in this title 
terminates or prevents the reauthorization of any valid 
existing right-of-way (ROW) or customary operation, 
maintenance, or replacement activity in a right-of-way issued 
to the Southern California Edison Company or its predecessors, 
successors, or assigns located on land in the San Gorgonio 
Wilderness Ares or the Sand to Snow National Monument.
    Subsection (f) finds that the Cady Mountain and Soda 
Mountains WSAs have been adequately studied and no longer need 
to be managed for wilderness character.

            TITLE II--DESIGNATION OF SPECIAL MANAGEMENT AREA

Section 201. Vinagre Wash Special Management Area

    Section 201 amends the CDPA to establish 81,880 acres of 
BLM land as the Vinagre Wash SMA to preserve, protect, and 
enhance the plant, wildlife, ecological, geological, scenic, 
recreation, archaeological, cultural, and historic values of 
the SMA.
    The Secretary is directed to authorize hiking, camping, 
hunting, sightseeing, and the use of motorized vehicles, 
mountain bikes, and horseback riding in the SMA on designated 
routes and in such a manner as to ensure public health, safety, 
and consistency with the SMA's purpose, applicable laws, and 
the Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan. The use of OHVs 
is permitted on designated routes and the Secretary is 
authorized to close or permanently reroute a portion of a route 
when certain conditions apply. Within three years of enactment 
of this section, the Secretary is directed to accept petitions 
from the public regarding additional OHV routes and authorizes 
the Secretary to designate additional routes.
    Except for valid existing rights, the SMA is withdrawn from 
all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal under public 
land laws; location, entry, and patent under mining laws; and 
ROW leasing or disposition under laws relating to minerals, 
solar, wind, and geothermal energy. Standard language is 
included that prevents the creation of any buffer zone around 
the SMA.
    The Secretary is directed to provide adequate notice of 
designated routes within the SMA. In consultation with tribes 
and other interested parties, the Secretary is directed to 
develop a program to provide opportunities for monitoring and 
stewardship of the SMA and to prepare and complete a tribal 
cultural resources survey of the SMA.

               TITLE III--NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM ADDITIONS

Section 301. Death Valley National Park boundary revision

    Section 301(a) adds approximately 39,369 acres of BLM land 
to Death Valley National Park.
    Subsection (b) requires the maps showing the acreage added 
in subsection (a) to be on file and available for public 
inspection in the appropriate offices of the National Park 
Service.
    Subsection (c) directs the Secretary to administer any land 
added to Death Valley National Park under subsection (a) as a 
part of that Park and, within 180 days of enactment of this 
legislation, to develop a memorandum of understanding with Inyo 
County to permit ongoing access and use to existing gravel pits 
along Saline Valley Road.
    Subsection (d) amends the CDPA to make clear that the 
operation and maintenance of the Morman Peak Microwave Facility 
can still continue.

Section 302. Mojave National Preserve

    Section 302 adds 25 acres of BLM land in Baker, California 
to the Mojave National Preserve.

Section 303. Joshua Tree National Park

    Section 303(a) adds 2,879 acres of BLM land and 1,639 acres 
of land acquired from the Mojave Desert Land Trust to Joshua 
Tree National Park.
    Subsection (b) requires the maps showing the acreage added 
in subsection (a) and subsection (c)(2) to be on file and 
available for public inspection in the appropriate offices of 
the National Park Service.
    Subsection (c) directs the Secretary to administer any land 
added to Joshua Tree National Park under subsection (a) and 
paragraph 2 as a part of that Park and adds 25 acres to the 
Park.
    Subsection (d) makes clear that nothing in this title 
terminates valid existing ROW for the customary operation, 
maintenance, upgrade, of replacement of energy transport 
facilities permitted to the Southern California Edison Company 
or its predecessors, successors, or assigns. Nothing in this 
title prohibits the upgrade or replacement of Southern 
California Edison Company's energy transport facilities or an 
energy transport facility in ROWs issued by the Secretary 
adjacent to Southern California Edison Joshua Tree Utility 
Facilities. The Secretary is directed to publish plans for 
regular and emergency access by Southern California Edison 
Company to its ROWs located within Joshua Tree National Park.
    Subsection (e) amends the CDPA to authorize the Secretary 
to acquire five acres of land outside of the Park, but within 
the unincorporated village if Joshua Tree, for a visitor 
center.

             TITLE IV--OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE RECREATION AREAS

Section 401. Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Areas

    Section 401 amends the CDPA to add a new title XIII to 
designate 7,630 acres of BLM land as the Dumont Dunes OHV 
Recreation Area; 14,930 acres of BLM land as the El Mirage OHV 
Recreation Area; 23,910 acres of land as the Rasor OHV 
Recreation Area; 56,140 acres of BLM land as the Spangler OHV 
Recreation Area; and 40,110 acres of BLM land as the Stoddard 
Valley OHV Recreation Area. The Johnson Valley OHV Recreation 
Area is expanded by 11,300 acres of land. A purpose is provided 
for the OHV Recreation Areas, which is to preserve and enhance 
recreation opportunities, including opportunities for OHV 
recreation, within the Conservation Area.
    The Secretary is directed to authorize, maintain, and 
enhance the recreational use of these areas, including off-
highway recreation, hiking, camping, hunting, mountain biking, 
sightseeing, rockhounding, and horseback riding. Any lawful, 
authorized recreational activity and use designations in effect 
on the date of enactment will continue, including casual off-
highway vehicular use, racing, competitive events, rock 
crawling, training, and other forms of off-highway recreation. 
Water catchment tanks, also known as wildlife guzzlers, are 
also allowed in the OHV recreation areas. Except for energy 
transport facilities, ROW, and related telecommunication 
facilities, commercial development is prohibited in these 
areas, however the Secretary is authorized to issue a temporary 
permit to a commercial vendor to provide accessories or support 
for OHV use.
    The Secretary is directed, within three years of enactment 
of this legislation, to amend existing resource management 
plans or develop new management plans for the OHV recreation 
areas. Except for valid existing rights, the OHV recreation 
areas are withdrawn from all forms of entry appropriation, or 
disposal under public land laws; location, entry, and patent 
under mining laws; and ROW, leasing, or disposition under 
mineral and geothermal leasing laws.
    Within two years of enactment of this legislation, the 
Secretary is directed to complete a study of the following 
lands within the CDCA to determine if they are suitable for 
inclusion in an OHV recreation area: 41,000 acres of BLM land 
at Spangler Hills; 680 acres of BLM land at El Mirage; and 
10,130 acres of BLM Land at Johnson Valley.
    Language is included in this section to protect authorized 
activities conducted by the Southern California Edison Company 
and the Pacific Gas and Electric Company in valid ROW of 
certain OHV recreation areas. The Secretary is directed to 
publish plans for regular and emergency access by the Southern 
California Edison Company and the Pacific Gas and Electric 
Company to their rights-of-way.
    Section 401 further amends the CDPA to add a new title XIV 
to establish 18,610 acres of land as the Alabama Hills Scenic 
Area, to conserve, protect, and enhance the scenic, cultural, 
geological, educational, biological, historical, recreational, 
cinematographic, and scientific resources of the area.
    The new section 1402 directs the Secretary to manage the 
Scenic Area as a component of the National Landscape 
Conservation System, without impacting valid existing rights. 
The Secretary is directed to provide for existing recreational 
uses of the Scenic Area, including hiking, mountain biking, 
rock climbing, sightseeing, horseback riding, hunting, fishing, 
and appropriate authorized mechanized vehicle use, unless there 
are public health and safety concerns. Except as necessary for 
administrative and emergency purposes, OHVs may be permitted 
only on county-maintained roads in accordance with applicable 
State and county laws or on designated roads and trails as 
authorized in a management plan that sustains a semi-primitive 
motorized experience.
    Standard language is included that prevents the creation of 
any buffer zone around the scenic area. Owners of non-Federal 
land within the scenic area are guaranteed access to their 
land. Nothing in this title prohibits filming; affects the 
jurisdiction or responsibilities of the State with respect to 
fish and wildlife; or prohibits the Secretary from conducting 
wildland fire operations within the Scenic Area. Existing 
permits for the grazing of livestock are allowed to continue 
subject to reasonable regulations. Except for valid existing 
rights, Federal land within the Scenic Area is withdrawn from 
all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal under the public 
land laws; location, entry, and patent under the mining laws; 
and disposition under all laws pertaining to mineral and 
geothermal leasing or mineral materials. Nothing in this title 
prevents or inhibits the customary operation, maintenance, or 
replacement of any utility facility located within an existing 
ROW in the Scenic Area. The Secretary is authorized to permit 
new utility facility ROWs, in accordance with the National 
Environmental Policy Act.
    The new section 1403 directs the Secretary, within three 
years of enactment of this legislation, to develop a 
comprehensive long-term management plan in consultation with 
certain parties to include plans for maintenance of public 
utility and other ROWs within the Scenic Area.
    The new section 1404 directs the Secretary to take 
approximately 132 acres of land into trust for the Lone Pin 
Paiute-Shoshone Tribe. The land is subject to existing 
easements, restrictions, and withdrawals and is not eligible 
for gaming.
    The new section 1405 transfers management of approximately 
40 acres of land from the USFS to the BLM.
    The new section 1406 clarifies that nothing in this title 
limits the provision of any commercial service for existing or 
historic recreation use. Any valid existing commercial permits 
for guided recreational activities may continue as authorized.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

Section 501. Transfer of land to Anza-Borrego Desert State Park

    Section 501 amends the CDPA to add a new section 712 to 
transfer approximately 934 acres of BLM land to the State of 
California, once all mining claims in the area have terminated. 
The land is to be managed in accordance with the California 
Wilderness Act (California Public Resources Code sections 
5093.30-5093.40). Except for valid existing rights, the 
transferred lands are withdrawn from all forms of entry, 
appropriation, or disposal under the public land laws; 
location, entry, and patent under the mining laws; and 
disposition under all laws pertaining to mineral and geothermal 
leasing. If the State ceases to manage the land as part of the 
state park system or in a manner consistent with the California 
Wilderness Act, the land will revert to the Secretary to be 
managed as a wilderness study area.

Section 502. Wildlife corridors

    Section 502 amends the CDPA to add a new section 713 to 
direct the Secretary, within two years of enactment of this 
legislation, to assess the impacts of habitat fragmentation on 
wildlife in the CDCA, and to establish policies and procedures 
to ensure preservation of wildlife corridors and facilitate 
species migration. The Secretary is directed to consider the 
impacts of ROWs and to incorporate all findings into land 
management plans for the CDCA.

Section 503. Prohibited uses of acquired, donated, and conservation 
        land

    Section 503 amends the CDPA to add a new section 714 
prohibiting, except as provided in certain situations, the 
Secretary from authorizing the use of acquired, conservation, 
or donated land within the CDCA for any activity contrary to 
the purposes for which the land was acquired, designated, or 
donated, including disposal, ROWs, leases, livestock grazing, 
infrastructure development, mineral entry, or OHV use, except 
in certain areas.

Section 504. Tribal uses and interests

    Section 504 amends the CDPA to grant Indian tribes access 
to areas designated under this legislation for cultural and 
religious purposes. Upon the request of an Indian tribe, the 
Secretary is directed to temporarily close the smallest 
possible portion of a national monument, SMA, wild and scenic 
river, area of critical environmental concern, or unit of the 
National Park System designated under this legislation to 
protect privacy of traditional activities of the tribe. Within 
two years of enactment of this legislation, and in consultation 
with certain Indian tribes, the Secretary is directed to 
develop and implement a tribal cultural resources management 
plan for the Xam Kwatchan Trail network.

Section 505. Release of federal reversionary land interests

    Section 505 directs the Secretary to convey all right, 
title, and remaining interest of the United States in and to 
the land that was conveyed to the Metropolitan Water District 
of Southern California in 1932, except for valid claims in 
existence prior to the 1932 Act. The District is responsible 
for any costs associated with the conveyance and agrees to hold 
harmless the United States if any boundary dispute arises.

Section 506. California state school land

    Section 506 amends the CDPA to require the Secretary to 
work with the State to complete an exchange of state school 
lands located in the California desert over the next 10 years. 
A Special Fund Deposit Account is established to hold past and 
future receipts from the sale of land or surplus property 
associated with this exchange.

Section 507. Designation of wild and scenic rivers

    Section 507 amends the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act to 
designate approximately 6.1 miles of the Amargosa River as a 
scenic river; 5.3 miles of Surprise Creek Canyon as a wild 
river; 1.8 miles of Surprise Creek Canyon as a recreational 
river; 19 miles of Surprise Canyon Creek as a wild river; one 
mile of Surprise Creek Canyon as a scenic river; 11 miles of 
Holcomb Creek as a recreational river; 3.5 miles of Holcomb 
Creek as a wild river; 5.8 miles of the North Fork Whitewater 
River as a wild river; 6.4 miles of the Middle Fort Whitewater 
River as a wild river; 5.9 miles of the South Fork Whitewater 
River as a wild river; one mile of the South Fork Whitewater 
River as a recreational river; 5.4 miles of the Whitewater 
River as a wild river; and 3.6 miles of the Whitewater River as 
a recreational river. The section makes clear that historic 
mining structures in the Panamint Mining District and the Snow 
Valley Ski Resort are not impacted by the designations in this 
section.

Section 508. Conforming amendments

    Section 508 makes conforming and technical amendments.

Section 509. Juniper Flats

    Section 509 amends the CDPA to prohibit the development of 
renewable energy generation facilities on 28,000 acres of 
Federal land in the Juniper Flats region of the CDCA.

Section 510. Conforming amendments to the California Military Lands 
        Withdrawal and Overflights Act of 1994

    Section 510 amends the California Military Lands Withdrawal 
and Overflights Act (16 U.S.C. 410aa-82 note; Public Law 103-
433) to make clear that military overflights and the 
designation of military training areas can continue in SMAs, 
OHV recreation areas, and scenic areas.

Section 511. Desert tortoise conservation center

    Section 511(a) directs the Secretary to establish, operate, 
and maintain a trans-State desert tortoise conservation center 
along the California-Nevada border. Subsection (b) directs the 
Secretary to seek the input of qualified organizations, ensure 
that there is public outreach, and consults with the States. 
Subsection (c) authorizes the Secretary to accept and expend 
non-Federal funds to operate the center.

                   Cost and Budgetary Considerations

    The following estimate of the costs of this measure have 
been provided by the Congressional Budget Office:
    Summary: H.R. 857 would allow the Bureau of Land Management 
(BLM) to spend past and future proceeds from the sale of 
certain lands in California to acquire lands owned by the 
state. The act also would require BLM to establish a desert 
tortoise conservation center. In addition, the act would direct 
BLM to develop plans to identify and conserve cultural 
resources of certain Indian tribes. Finally, the act would 
designate some federal lands for conservation and recreation.
    Using information from BLM and the General Services 
Administration (GSA), CBO estimates that enacting the 
legislation would increase direct spending by $8 million over 
the 2019-2028 period; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures 
apply. The act would not affect revenues.
    CBO also estimates that implementing the act would cost $15 
million over the 2019-2023 period; such spending would be 
subject to the availability of appropriated funds. Those 
amounts would be used primarily to pay federal employees to 
carry out various provisions of the act.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 857 would not increase net 
direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
    H.R. 857 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA).
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary effect of H.R. 857 is shown in the following table. 
The costs of the legislation fall within budget function 300 
(natural resources and environment).

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   2019                         2020   2021   2022   2023   2024   2025   2026   2027   2028  2019-2023  2019-2028
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              INCREASES IN DIRECT SPENDING
 
Estimated    8...............................................      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0        8           8
  Budget
 Authority
Estimated    1...............................................      2      2      2      1      0      0      0      0      0        8           8
 Outlays
 
                                                     INCREASES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION
 
Estimated    5...............................................      4      2      2      2      0      0      0      0      0       15          15
 Authorizat
 ion Level
Estimated    5...............................................      4      2      2      2      0      0      0      0      0       15          15
 Outlays
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Basis of estimate: For this estimate, CBO assumes that the 
legislation will be enacted near the start of 2019 and that the 
necessary amounts will be appropriated in each year.

Direct spending

    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 857 would increase direct 
spending by $8 million over the 2019-2028 period. The act would 
authorize BLM to sell federal land to the state of California 
and deposit the proceeds into a special account that would be 
used to purchase other lands owned by the state. In addition, 
the act would allow proceeds from certain sales that occurred 
in the past, which cannot be spent under current law, to be 
used to acquire other state lands. Using information provided 
by GSA, CBO estimates that the proceeds from past sales that 
could be spent under the act would total $8 million. 
Collections from future land sales and spending of those 
proceeds to acquire additional state lands would have no 
significant net effect on the budget.

Spending subject to appropriation

    CBO estimates that implementing four provisions of H.R. 857 
that authorize new activities would cost $15 million over the 
2019-2023 period; such spending would be subject to the 
availability of appropriated funds.
    Desert Tortoise Conservation Center. H.R. 857 would require 
the Department of the Interior (DOI) to establish, operate, and 
maintain a desert tortoise conservation center along the border 
of California and Nevada. The center would support research, 
monitoring, and rehabilitation of desert tortoises. Using 
information provided by DOI, CBO estimates that the cost of 
operating the facility and supporting research would total $2 
million a year.
    Vinagre Wash Special Management Area. The act would 
designate roughly 82,000 acres as the Vinagre Wash Special 
Management Area, and would direct BLM to complete a tribal 
cultural resources survey for the area. Based on the costs of 
similar activities, CBO estimates that conducting the fieldwork 
necessary to complete the survey and a management plan for the 
area would cost $2 million over the 2019-2020 period.
    Xam Kwatchan Trail Network Plan. H.R. 857 would direct BLM 
to develop and implement a plan to identify and conserve the 
cultural resources of Indian tribes associated with the Xam 
Kwatchan Trail network in California and Nevada. Using 
information from BLM, CBO estimates that conducting the 
fieldwork necessary to complete the plan would cost $1 million 
over the 2019-2020 period.
    Conservation Designations. The act would make several 
designations under the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act. Using 
information provided by DOI, CBO estimates that completing a 
comprehensive river management plan for each newly designated 
river would have a total cost of $1 million.
    Other Provisions. H.R. 857 also would designate roughly 
330,000 acres of federal lands as wilderness, 154,000 acres as 
off-highway vehicle recreation areas, and 19,000 acres as the 
Alabama Hills National Conservation Area. Because those 
designations would not significantly affect the federal 
management of those lands, CBO estimates that implementing 
those provisions would have no significant effect on the 
federal budget.
    Pay-As-You-Go considerations: The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go 
Act of 2010 establishes budget-reporting and enforcement 
procedures for legislation affecting direct spending or 
revenues. The net changes in outlays that are subject to those 
pay-as-you-go procedures are shown in the following table.

   CBO ESTIMATE OF PAY-AS-YOU-GO EFFECTS FOR H.R. 857, THE CALIFORNIA DESERT PROTECTION AND RECREATION ACT OF 2018, AS ORDERED REPORTED BY THE SENATE
                                              COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES ON OCTOBER 2, 2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                       By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                             -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               2019   2020   2021   2022   2023   2024   2025   2026   2027   2028  2019-2023  2019-2028
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               NET INCREASE IN THE DEFICIT
 
Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Effect..............................      1      2      2      2      1      0      0      0      0      0         8          8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Increase in long-term direct spending and deficits: CBO 
estimates that enacting H.R. 857 would not increase net direct 
spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 
10-year periods beginning in 2029.
    Mandates: H.R. 857 contains no intergovernmental or 
private-sector mandates as defined in UMRA.
    Previous CBO estimate: On July 25, 2018, CBO transmitted a 
cost estimate for H.R. 857, the California Off-Road Recreation 
and Conservation Act, as passed by the U.S. House of 
Representatives on June 25, 2018. Both versions of the act are 
similar; however, the Senate version also would designate the 
Vinagre Wash Special Management Area. CBO's estimate of 
spending subject to appropriation reflects additional costs 
associated with that provision.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal costs: Janani Shankaran; 
Mandates: Zachary Byrum.
    Estimate reviewed by: Kim P. Cawley, Chief, Natural and 
Physical Resources Cost Estimates Unit; H. Samuel Papenfuss, 
Deputy Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

                      Regulatory Impact Evaluation

    In compliance with paragraph 11(b) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee makes the following 
evaluation of the regulatory impact which would be incurred in 
carrying out H.R. 857. The Act is not a regulatory measure in 
the sense of imposing Government-established standards or 
significant economic responsibilities on private individuals 
and businesses.
    No personal information would be collected in administering 
the program. Therefore, there would be no impact on personal 
privacy.
    Little, if any, additional paperwork would result from the 
enactment of H.R. 857, as ordered reported.

                   Congressionally Directed Spending

    H.R. 857, as ordered reported, does not contain any 
congressionally directed spending items, limited tax benefits, 
or limited tariff benefits as defined in rule XLIV of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate.

                        Executive Communications

    The testimony provided by the Department of the Interior 
and the Department of Agriculture at the July 26, 2017, hearing 
on S. 32, the companion bill to H.R. 857, follows:

Statement of John Ruhs Acting Deputy Director for Operations Bureau of 
            Land Management U.S. Department of the Interior

    Thank you for the opportunity to testify on S. 32, the 
California Desert Protection and Recreation Act. This bill, 
which amends the California Desert Protection Act of 1994 
(CDPA, Public Law 103-433), provides direction for the future 
management of Federal lands within the California Desert 
Conservation Area (CDCA).
    The Department of the Interior (Department) recognizes the 
work of members of the California delegation to attempt to 
address a wide array of resource issues and management concerns 
in the California desert. Secretary Zinke is committed to 
implementing the America First Energy Plan, which is an ``all-
of-the-above'' plan that includes oil and gas, coal, and 
renewable resources. Public lands in California are integral to 
the development of these important energy resources. In 
addition, Secretary Zinke, through Secretarial Order 3347, has 
pledged to expand access to America's public lands and increase 
hunting, fishing, and recreational opportunities nationwide. 
While we support the goals of S. 32 that align with these 
important priorities, we do not support the bill as currently 
written because many of its proposed designations and 
administrative provisions could ultimately decrease public 
access, limit outdoor recreation, and impede energy 
development.
    The Department would like the opportunity to work with the 
sponsors and Subcommittee to address a number of concerns 
outlined in this statement. In particular, we note that the 
sponsors and Subcommittee may wish to consider a more 
geographically focused or county-specific approach for some of 
the designations proposed by S. 32. The bipartisan Washington 
County, Utah, and Owyhee County, Idaho, land management 
legislation advanced during the 110th Congress could serve as 
good examples. Finally, we defer to the Department of 
Agriculture and the Department of Defense regarding provisions 
in the bill concerning the lands and interests they administer.
    Because of the complexity of this legislation and the 
importance of these issues to the Department, my statement will 
address each of the bill's provisions individually.


                               background


    The CDCA contains over 25 million acres and includes 16 
million acres of public lands administered by the Department. 
It was singled out for special management in the Federal Land 
Policy and Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA). Section 601 of FLPMA 
recognized the unique location of the CDCA, which is adjacent 
to the major metropolitan areas of southern California and over 
20 million residents. This location has always meant that the 
management of the CDCA must consider the public's desire for 
recreational activities, public access, energy development, 
rights-of-way, conservation, and other important uses. The CDCA 
Plan of 1980 and its associated amendments were vast in their 
scale, ambitious in their goals, and designed to accommodate a 
variety of uses and users.
    By the early 1990s, increased development pressures on the 
desert and new public awareness led many to believe that 
further measures were necessary to adequately conserve the 
special places of the California desert. After careful 
deliberation and an extensive public process, Congress in 1994 
enacted the CDPA, which established Death Valley and Joshua 
Tree National Parks and the Mojave National Preserve, 
designated wilderness, and provided strong protections for 
traditional cultural uses of the area by various Tribes. The 
areas conserved by the CDPA serve as invaluable natural and 
recreational resources for the people of the California desert 
and the nearby Los Angeles metropolitan area.


          title i--california desert conservation & recreation


    Title I of S. 32 creates three new wilderness areas and 
expands two existing Wilderness Areas; expands wilderness in 
Death Valley National Park, and releases portions of six 
Wilderness Study Areas (WSAs). Title I also establishes the 
Vinagre Wash Special Management Area and Alabama Hills National 
Scenic Area; designates potential wilderness areas; expands 
three units of the National Park System; and establishes six 
National Off-Highway Vehicle (OHV) Recreation Areas, along with 
other miscellaneous provisions.
Wilderness
    Section 1301 would designate the approximately 88,000-acre 
Avawatz Mountains Wilderness, the approximately 8,000-acre 
Great Falls Basin Wilderness, and the approximately 80,000-acre 
Soda Mountains Wilderness. In addition, this section would 
expand the existing Golden Valley Wilderness by approximately 
1,300 acres, the Kingston Range Wilderness by approximately 
53,000 acres, and Death Valley National Park Wilderness by 
approximately 92,000 acres. The Department supports 
Congressional action to resolve wilderness designation and WSA 
release issues on public lands across the West, and we welcome 
opportunities to further those efforts. Only Congress can 
determine whether to designate WSAs as wilderness or to release 
them for other multiple uses. We would like to work with 
Congress to achieve this important goal.
    The Department notes that the lands proposed for wilderness 
designation by S. 32 generally serve as habitat for a diversity 
of plant and animal life and provide important opportunities 
for hiking, hunting, rock climbing, horseback riding, and other 
forms of outdoor recreation in the California desert. Pursuant 
to the priorities outlined by Secretary Zinke, we would like 
the opportunity to work with the sponsors and the Subcommittee 
to ensure that wilderness designation is the best mechanism for 
protecting these resources while restoring balance to other 
important uses. Alternative management approaches could 
conserve sensitive resources while still accommodating the full 
range of uses and activities permitted on other BLM-managed 
lands. If Congress opts to proceed with designation of these 
lands as wilderness, we would like to work on some management 
language modifications in section 1302 to ensure that the BLM 
and the NPS retain the flexibility to coordinate on cross-
boundary issues.
    A provision that the Department would recommend adding to 
Title I is the conversion of an approximately 1-acre area from 
designated wilderness to designated potential wilderness. This 
area, known as the Mormon Peak Communication Area, serves as a 
major communications hub for the Death Valley National Park 
community. We would like to see it identified as potential 
wilderness until such time that a technological alternative 
becomes available to the present system.
    Section 1303 proposes to release over 130,000 acres of BLM-
managed public lands from WSA status, allowing these areas to 
be managed according to the existing BLM land use plans. As 
discussed above, we support this provision. These lands are 
small portions of WSAs that were not designated wilderness by 
this or previous legislation.
Vinagre Wash
    Sections 1401 through 1404 create the approximately 82,000-
acre Vinagre Wash Special Management Area (SMA) and would 
designate approximately 112 miles of trails for motorized 
recreation, horseback riding, mountain biking, and hiking. In 
recognition of the importance of the lands within the SMA to 
the Quechan Indian Nation and other Indian Tribes, section 1403 
includes special protections of cultural resources and provides 
for a two-year study of those resources and related needs. 
Finally, section 1404 identifies four potential wilderness 
areas within the SMA. The Secretary is directed to preserve the 
character of the potential wilderness areas for eventual 
inclusion in the National Wilderness Preservation System, with 
limited specific exceptions for military uses. Designation 
would occur when the Secretary, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Defense, determines that all activities on these 
lands are compatible with the Wilderness Act of 1964.
    The Department strongly supports efforts to facilitate and 
enhance recreational opportunities on America's public lands. 
We are also committed to the principle of tribal self-
determination and efforts to strengthen tribal communities, 
including the preservation of cultural heritage. As with other 
lands proposed for wilderness designation by S. 32, however, we 
would like the opportunity to work with the sponsors and 
Subcommittee to ensure that the proposed potential wilderness 
designations are the most effective method of protecting 
sensitive resources while restoring balance to other important 
uses within the proposed SMA. We note that other management 
approaches could also conserve these resources while still 
allowing for the full range of uses and activities available on 
other BLM-managed lands, which may not be permitted under the 
Wilderness Act. The Department would also like to work with the 
sponsors on amendments to the language to ensure consistency 
with existing plans and laws, including boundary adjustments 
for manageability.
National Park System additions
    At Mojave National Preserve, 25 acres would be transferred 
from the BLM to the NPS. The NPS owns a maintenance facility 
situated on this parcel. No additional maintenance costs for 
the NPS would be incurred through the transfer.
    At Joshua Tree National Park, approximately 2,900 acres of 
BLM land would be transferred to the NPS. An additional 
approximately 1,600 acres would be donated by the Mojave Desert 
Land Trust. These lands, which are contiguous to several places 
along the northern boundary of the park, would help provide a 
more cohesive, logical northern boundary and ensure the 
protection of primary wildlife corridors that run through the 
park and adjoining public lands in the Mojave Desert.
    The NPS would also be authorized to acquire and administer 
the Joshua Tree Visitor Center, currently located outside the 
park boundary and owned by the Joshua Tree National Park 
Association. The Association currently leases the structure to 
the NPS, and lack of permanent Federal property ownership 
prevents the park from making basic repairs or enhancements to 
the visitor center. Purchasing the structure would save the NPS 
annual rental expenses.
    Although these land transfers would be beneficial to both 
NPS and BLM over the long term, we are concerned that a 
significant majority of the lands to be transferred to NPS 
under this bill has not been investigated for environmental 
conditions. These lands include areas that have been subject to 
mining, military operations, and other uses that may have 
created contamination necessitating cleanup. The Department 
recommends amending this section of the bill to ensure 
consistency with Departmental policy and the Comprehensive 
Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, and to 
require that prior to the transfer of any of the above-
described lands to the NPS, they be fully investigated for any 
contamination in accordance with applicable environmental due 
diligence standards and that any contamination be remediated.
Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Areas
    Section 1601 designates six OHV Recreation Areas totaling 
about 200,000 acres on BLM-managed public lands. The Department 
is committed to expanding access to public lands and increasing 
recreation opportunities nationwide. As such, we support each 
of these designations as they would provide congressionally 
designated areas for this popular recreational activity in the 
California desert. The Department notes that the Dumont Dunes, 
El Mirage, Rasor, Spangler Hills, Stoddard Valley, and Johnson 
Valley OHV Recreation Areas would be consistent with BLM 
management goals for these areas. We would like to work with 
the sponsors and the Subcommittee on amendments to this section 
to address management discretion for commercial uses, 
consistency in naming, the requirement for additional planning 
activities, and timeframes.
Alabama Hills National Scenic Area
    Sections 1701 through 1707 establish the Alabama Hills 
National Scenic Area, which would encompass approximately 
19,000 acres of BLM-managed public lands and would be 
administered as a unit of the BLM's National Conservation 
Lands. These sections also provide for the transfer of about 40 
acres of U.S. Forest Service land to the BLM; direct that 132 
acres of Federal land be taken into trust for the benefit of 
the Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Reservation; and provides for an 
acquisition by a private landowner to resolve an ongoing 
trespass issue. The Alabama Hills contain unique geologic 
features that have attracted photographers, cinematographers, 
and recreationists for generations. The area provides stunning 
views of Mount Whitney and the Sierra Nevada Mountains and has 
spectacular natural arches, rolling hills, and vibrant 
wildflowers. The Alabama Hills also serve as a backdrop for 
iconic Hollywood movies and remains a popular location for 
commercial filming.
    The Department's understanding is that Senators Feinstein 
and Harris, Congressman Cook, and their staffs have worked to 
assemble a diverse coalition of stakeholders, including Inyo 
County, the Lone Pine Chamber of Commerce, the Lone-Pine 
Paiute-Shoshone Tribe, local business owners, and other key 
stakeholders, to reach consensus on the management and 
conservation of this area. The Department notes that each of 
the National Conservation Areas (NCAs) and similar designations 
established by Congress and managed by the BLM is unique. 
However, all of these designations have certain critical 
elements in common, including withdrawal from the public land, 
mining, and mineral leasing laws; limiting off-highway vehicles 
to roads and trails designated for their use; language that 
charges the Secretary of the Interior with allowing only those 
uses that further the purposes for which the area is 
established; and language ensuring that lands within such 
designations are managed at a higher level of conservation than 
the lands outside.
    The Department could support the protection of the Alabama 
Hills as a part of the National Conservation Lands and the 
other provisions in this section, but we would like to work 
with the sponsors and Subcommittee on language to address 
management of utility rights-of-way, to ensure consistency with 
management of other units of the National Conservation Lands, 
and to address other minor technical issues.
Miscellaneous provisions
    Section 1801 provides for the transfer of approximately 
1,000 acres of the Table Mountain Wilderness Study Area to the 
California Department of Parks and Recreation for 
administration as a unit of Anza-Borrego Desert State Park. 
This area contains 12 active mining claims, and the transfer 
would occur after claims are terminated. The Department does 
not necessarily object to this transfer, but we would like to 
work with the sponsors on language to ensure clarity of the 
transfer process and release language of the Wilderness Study 
Area status prior to transfer to California State Parks.
    Section 1803 requires a study to assess the impacts of 
climate change on the CDCA within two years. The Department 
believes such study is unnecessary and notes that the analysis 
already conducted as part of the BLM's Desert Renewable Energy 
Conservation Plan largely met the requirements of this section.
    Section 1804 establishes certain restrictions on the use of 
acquired or donated lands within the CDCA. The Department does 
not necessarily object to these restrictions, which we 
understand are related to various plans and agreements made 
under Federal and State laws, but we would like to work with 
the sponsors to ensure consistency with other existing 
agreements and requirements, to provide for discretion and 
public input, and to ensure technical accuracy.
    Section 1805 provides for access by members of Indian 
tribes and requires the Secretary to develop a Tribal Cultural 
Resources Management Plan for the Xan Kwatchan Trail network.
    Section 1806 would transfer the Federal reversionary 
interest in certain lands and minerals to the Metropolitan 
Water District of Southern California. All costs associated 
with this conveyance would be the responsibility of the 
Metropolitan Water District. The BLM, as a matter of both 
policy and practice, and in accordance with FLPMA, generally 
requires receipt of fair market value for public lands or 
interests transferred out of public ownership. This serves to 
ensure that taxpayers are fairly compensated for the removal of 
public lands from Federal ownership. The Department supports 
the goal of conveying the reversionary interest outlined in 
this section. As with previous such proposals, we recommend 
amending the legislation to ensure the payment of fair market 
value for the reversionary interest. However, the Department 
recognizes that there may be circumstances, as determined by 
Congress, in which the public benefits of a proposed transfer 
outweigh financial considerations. We would also like to work 
with the sponsors and Subcommittee on amendments to address 
issues of technical clarity.
    Section 103 requires the Secretary to work with the 
California State Lands Commission to develop a process for 
exchange of State parcels within the new conservation 
designations. The Department has no objection to this process 
but would like to work with the sponsors on minor modifications 
to ensure it is consistent with existing authorities.
    Section 104 amends the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (16 
U.S.C. 1274[a]) by adding segments of five rivers to the 
National Wild and Scenic River System. Three of these segments, 
the Amargosa River, Surprise Canyon Creek, and Whitewater 
River, cross public lands managed by the BLM and the NPS. All 
three of these are important riparian areas in the deserts of 
southern California and provide habitat for a number of 
threatened, endangered, and sensitive species. With that said, 
we would like the opportunity to work with the sponsors and the 
Subcommittee to ensure that wild and scenic river designation 
is the best mechanism for protecting such resources. 
Alternative management approaches could conserve sensitive 
resources while still accommodating the full range of uses and 
activities permitted on other BLM-managed lands. If Congress 
opts to add these segments to the National Wild and Scenic 
River System, we would like to work with the Subcommittee on 
technical issues, including correcting what we believe is an 
error in the legal description.
    Section 105 contains a number of conforming amendments, 
some of which could significantly impact management of areas 
designated under the bill. We would like to work with the 
sponsors and the Subcommittee on the language regarding 
avoiding establishment of buffer zones. The section pertaining 
to Native Groundwater Supplies would preclude the Secretary 
from authorizing the use of any right-of-way or lease to 
extract, consume, export, transfer or distribute groundwater on 
certain BLM-managed public lands in quantities that 
collectively exceed the estimated perennial safe yield or 
annual recharge rate, as determined by the United States 
Geological Survey. The Department supports working landscapes 
across the West and is committed to keeping public lands 
healthy and productive. The Department would like to work with 
the sponsors and Subcommittee on amendments to this section to 
ensure that the BLM retains its ability to manage these public 
lands on the basis of multiple-use and sustained yield.


       title ii--development of renewable energy on public lands


    Title II of S. 32 establishes a new process for disposition 
of revenues received for the development of wind or solar 
energy on BLM-administered lands throughout the West. Under 
this title, 25 percent of revenues would be distributed to 
States and 25 percent to Counties. For ten years, 15 percent of 
revenues would be used for the processing of renewable energy 
permits, while 35 percent would be deposited in a Renewable 
Energy Resource Conservation Fund (Fund). After ten years, the 
permit processing funds would also be deposited in the Fund. 
The Secretary would be permitted to make amounts in the Fund 
available to other Federal and State agencies for five 
purposes: 1) protection and restoration of important wildlife 
habitat and corridors and water resources; 2) conducting 
research with Universities on restoration and protection 
activities; 3) securing recreational access to Federal lands; 
4) carrying out activities authorized under the Land and Water 
Conservation Fund; and 5) establishing, operating, and 
maintaining a trans-State desert tortoise conservation center. 
The Secretary is also required to establish an Advisory Board 
to provide recommendations and guidance on the amount of funds 
expended from the Fund.
    The Department notes that all revenues from solar and wind 
energy authorizations on public lands currently go to the U.S. 
Treasury. We do not support the diversion of solar and wind 
energy receipts and have concerns with the potential long-term 
costs associated with such diversion. The Department would like 
to work with the sponsors and the Subcommittee to determine how 
best to achieve the overall goal of this title.
    Additionally, under existing authorities and regulations, 
the BLM currently collects full cost recovery as costs are 
incurred throughout the wind and solar application process. Due 
to the difficulty in estimating the total cost for processing 
an application upfront, the Department recommends continuing 
its current cost recovery process.


                               conclusion


    The Department recognizes the work of members of the 
California delegation on S. 32 and supports certain goals of 
the bill that align with the Secretary's priorities of 
expanding access to and recreational opportunities on public 
lands. However, we do not support S. 32 as currently written. 
We would like to work with the sponsors and the Subcommittee on 
a number of substantive and technical modifications to the bill 
as it moves through the legislative process.
                              ----------                              


 Statement of Glenn Casamassa Associate Deputy Chief, National Forest 
  System U.S. Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture

    Chairman Lee, Ranking Member Wyden, members of the 
Subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to present the 
views of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) regarding S. 
32--the California Desert Protection and Recreation Act of 
2017, S. 468--the Historic Routes Preservation Act, S. 941--the 
Yellowstone Gateway Protection Act, S. 1230--the Water Rights 
Protection Act, S. 1271--the Fowler and Boskoff Peaks 
Designation Act, and S. 1548--the Oregon Wildlands Act. I am 
Glenn Casamassa, Associate Deputy Chief for the National Forest 
System (NFS), USDA Forest Service.


     s. 32--california desert protection and recreation act of 2017


    S. 32 contains several provisions affecting USDA including 
an addition to the San Gorgonio Wilderness on the San 
Bernardino National Forest, establishment of sections of Deep 
Creek and Holcomb Creek and the Whitewater River on the San 
Bernardino National Forest as Wild, Scenic, and Recreational 
Rivers, transfer of administrative jurisdiction of 40 acres of 
National Forest System land to the Bureau of Land Management 
(BLM), and creation of a Renewable Energy Resource Conservation 
Fund. We defer to Department of Interior (DOI) for their views 
on sections affecting DOI agencies.
    Section 1301(c), as added to the California Desert 
Protection Act of 1994 by section 101(a) of S. 32, would 
designate a 7,141-acre wilderness addition on the west and 
south ends of the existing 95,953-acre San Gorgonio Wilderness; 
this addition includes 1,000 acres of private property owned by 
the Wildlands Conservancy. The area that would be designated is 
currently an inventoried roadless area. USDA supports this 
wilderness addition as it would improve management efficiencies 
in this area, and we would like to work with the Subcommittee 
to ensure that the roadless areas can be consistently managed 
pursuant to this Act and the Wilderness Act.
    Section 104(2) of the bill would amend the Wild and Scenic 
Rivers Act to add paragraphs (214) and (215) to designate 
approximately 76.3 miles of the specified rivers as part of the 
National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. Of this total, 
approximately 34.5 miles of Deep Creek, including its principal 
tributary, Holcomb Creek, and approximately 17.1 miles of the 
North, Middle and South Forks of the Whitewater River are 
within the boundary of the San Bernardino National Forest and 
would be administered by the Forest Service. In order to ensure 
consistency with the current provisions of the Wild and Scenic 
Rivers Act and the 2014 Revision of the San Bernardino National 
Forest Plan, the Department would like to work with the 
Subcommittee to make some technical corrections in Section 
104(2).
    The Forest Service has found each of these rivers to be 
eligible for designation based on their free-flowing character 
and regionally important river-related values. USDA supports 
designation of these eligible rivers as Wild and Scenic based 
on general support from the communities of interest and 
consistency of designation with the current management of 
National Forest System lands within the river corridors.
    Section 1705 of the bill would transfer administrative 
jurisdiction of over approximately 40 acres of National Forest 
System land to the BLM for inclusion in the proposed Alabama 
Hills National Scenic Area. This is an isolated parcel of land 
and the USDA supports the transfer of administrative 
jurisdiction to the BLM.
    This concludes my written testimony. Again I thank the 
Subcommittee for holding this hearing and providing the 
opportunity to testify, and I look forward to answering your 
questions at the appropriate time.

                        Changes in Existing Law

    In compliance with paragraph 12 of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, changes in existing law made by 
H.R. 857, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

                CALIFORNIA DESERT PROTECTION ACT OF 1994


                           Public Law 103-433


     AN ACT To designate certain lands in the California Desert as 
  wilderness, to establish the Death Valley and Joshua Tree National 
    Parks, to establish the Mojave National Preserve, and for other 
purposes.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    Sections [1 and 2, and titles I through IX] 1, 2, and 3, 
titles I through IX, and titles XIII and XIV of this Act may be 
cited as the ``California Desert Protection Act of 1994''.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    (a) Titles I Through IX.--In titles I through IX, the term 
`this Act' means only--
          (1) sections 1 and 2; and
          (2) titles I through IX.
    (b) Titles XIII and XIV.--In titles XIII and XIV:
          (1) Conservation area.--The term `Conservation Area' 
        means the California Desert Conservation Area.
          (2) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means--
                  (A) with respect to land under the 
                jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior, 
                the Secretary of the Interior; and
                  (B) with respect to land under the 
                jurisdiction of the Secretary of Agriculture, 
                the Secretary of Agriculture.
          (3) State.--The term `State' means the State of 
        California.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 102. DESIGNATION OF WILDERNESS.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


          (70) Avawatz mountains wilderness.--Certain land in 
        the California Desert Conservation Area administered by 
        the Director of the Bureau of Land Management, 
        comprising approximately 87,700 acres, as generally 
        depicted on the map entitled `Avawatz Mountains 
        Proposed Wilderness' and dated September 9, 2014, to be 
        known as the `Avawatz Mountains Wilderness'.
          (71) Great falls basin wilderness.--Certain land in 
        the California Desert Conservation Area administered by 
        the Director of the Bureau of Land Management, 
        comprising approximately 7,870 acres, as generally 
        depicted on the map entitled `Great Falls Basin 
        Proposed Wilderness' and dated October 26, 2009, to be 
        known as the `Great Falls Basin Wilderness'.
          (72) Soda mountains wilderness.--Certain land in the 
        California Desert Conservation Area, administered by 
        the Bureau of Land Management, comprising approximately 
        79,990 acres, as generally depicted on the map entitled 
        `Soda Mountains Proposed Wilderness' and dated 
        September 12, 2014, to be known as the `Soda Mountains 
        Wilderness'.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 109. VINAGRE WASH SPECIAL MANAGEMENT AREA.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Management area.--The term `Management Area' 
        means the Vinagre Wash Special Management Area 
        established by subsection (b).
          (2) Map.--The term `map' means the map entitled 
        `Vinagre Wash Proposed Special Management Area' and 
        dated November 10, 2009.
          (3) Public land.--The term `public land' has the 
        meaning given the term `public lands' in section 103 of 
        the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 
        U.S.C. 1702).
          (4) State.--The term `State' means the State of 
        California.
    (b) Establishment.--There is established the Vinagre Wash 
Special Management Area in the State, to be managed by the 
Secretary.
    (c) Purpose.--The purpose of the Management Area is to 
conserve, protect, and enhance--
          (1) the plant and wildlife values of the Management 
        Area; and
          (2) the outstanding and nationally significant 
        ecological, geological, scenic, recreational, 
        archaeological, cultural, historic, and other resources 
        of the Management Area.
    (d) Boundaries.--The Management Area shall consist of the 
public land in Imperial County, California, comprising 
approximately 81,880 acres, as generally depicted on the map.
    (e) Map; Legal Description.--
          (1) In general.--As soon as practicable, but not 
        later than 3 years, after the date of enactment of this 
        section, the Secretary shall submit a map and legal 
        description of the Management Area to--
                  (A) the Committee on Natural Resources of the 
                House of Representatives; and
                  (B) the Committee on Energy and Natural 
                Resources of the Senate.
          (2) Effect.--The map and legal description submitted 
        under paragraph (1) shall have the same force and 
        effect as if included in this section, except that the 
        Secretary may correct any errors in the map and legal 
        description.
          (3) Availability.--Copies of the map submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall be on file and available for public 
        inspection in--
                  (A) the Office of the Director of the Bureau 
                of Land Management; and
                  (B) the appropriate office of the Bureau of 
                Land Management in the State.
    (f) Management.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall manage the 
        Management Area--
                  (A) in a manner that conserves, protects, and 
                enhances the purposes for which the Management 
                Area is established; and
                  (B) in accordance with--
                          (i) this section;
                          (ii) the Federal Land Policy and 
                        Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 
                        et seq.); and
                          (iii) other applicable laws.
                  (2) Uses.--The Secretary shall allow only 
                those uses that are consistent with the 
                purposes of the Management Area, including 
                hiking, camping, hunting, and sightseeing and 
                the use of motorized vehicles, mountain bikes, 
                and horses on designated routes in the 
                Management Area in a manner that--
                  (A) is consistent with the purpose of the 
                Management Area described in subsection (c);
                  (B) ensures public health and safety; and
                  (C) is consistent with all applicable laws 
                (including regulations), including the Desert 
                Renewable Energy Conservation Plan.
          (3) Off-highway vehicle use.--
                  (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraphs (B) 
                and (C) and all other applicable laws, the use 
                of off-highway vehicles shall be permitted on 
                routes in the Management Area as generally 
                depicted on the map.
                  (B) Closure.--The Secretary may close or 
                permanently reroute a portion of a route 
                described in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) to prevent, or allow for 
                        restoration of, resource damage;
                          (ii) to protect Tribal cultural 
                        resources, including the resources 
                        identified in the Tribal cultural 
                        resources management plan developed 
                        under section 705(d);
                          (iii) to address public safety 
                        concerns; or
                          (iv) as otherwise required by law.
                  (C) Designation of additional routes.--During 
                the 3-year period beginning on the date of 
                enactment of this section, the Secretary--
                          (i) shall accept petitions from the 
                        public regarding additional routes for 
                        off-highway vehicles; and
                          (ii) may designate additional routes 
                        that the Secretary determines--
                                  (I) would provide significant 
                                or unique recreational 
                                opportunities; and
                                  (II) are consistent with the 
                                purposes of the Management 
                                Area.
          (4) Withdrawal.--Subject to valid existing rights, 
        all Federal land within the Management Area is 
        withdrawn from--
                  (A) all forms of entry, appropriation, or 
                disposal under the public land laws;
                  (B) location, entry, and patent under the 
                mining laws; and
                  (C) right-of-way, leasing, or disposition 
                under all laws relating to--
                          (i) minerals and mineral materials; 
                        or
                          (ii) solar, wind, and geothermal 
                        energy.
          (5) No buffers.--The establishment of the Management 
        Area shall not--
                  (A) create a protective perimeter or buffer 
                zone around the Management Area; or
                  (B) preclude uses or activities outside the 
                Management Area that are permitted under other 
                applicable laws, even if the uses or activities 
                are prohibited within the Management Area.
          (6) Notice of available routes.--The Secretary shall 
        ensure that visitors to the Management Area have access 
        to adequate notice relating to the availability of 
        designated routes in the Management Area through--
                  (A) the placement of appropriate signage 
                along the designated routes;
                  (B) the distribution of maps, safety 
                education materials, and other information that 
                the Secretary determines to be appropriate; and
                  (C) restoration of areas that are not 
                designated as open routes, including vertical 
                mulching.
          (7) Stewardship.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
        Indian Tribes and other interests, shall develop a 
        program to provide opportunities for monitoring and 
        stewardship of the Management Area to minimize 
        environmental impacts and prevent resource damage from 
        recreational use, including volunteer assistance with--
                  (A) route signage;
                  (B) restoration of closed routes;
                  (C) protection of Management Area resources; 
                and
                  (D) recreation education.
          (8) Protection of tribal cultural resources.--Not 
        later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this 
        section, the Secretary, in accordance with chapter 2003 
        of title 54, United States Code, and any other 
        applicable law, shall--
                  (A) prepare and complete a Tribal cultural 
                resources survey of the Management Area; and
                  (B) consult with the Quechan Indian Nation 
                and other Indian tribes demonstrating 
                ancestral, cultural, or other ties to the 
                resources within the Management Area on the 
                development and implementation of the Tribal 
                cultural resources survey under subparagraph 
                (A).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 408. VISITOR CENTER.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary may acquire not more than 5 
acres of land and interests in land, and improvements on the 
land and interests, outside the boundaries of the park, in the 
unincorporated village of Joshua Tree, for the purpose of 
operating a visitor center.
    (b) Boundary.--The Secretary shall modify the boundary of 
the park to include the land acquired under this section as a 
noncontiguous parcel.
    (c) Administration.--Land and facilities acquired under 
this section--
          (1) may include the property owned (as of the date of 
        enactment of this section) by the Joshua Tree National 
        Park Association and commonly referred to as the 
        `Joshua Tree National Park Visitor Center';
          (2) shall be administered by the Secretary as part of 
        the park; and
          (3) may be acquired only with the consent of the 
        owner, by donation, purchase with donated or 
        appropriated funds, or exchange

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 604. MORMON PEAK MICROWAVE FACILITY.

    The designation of the Death Valley National Park 
Wilderness by section 601(a)(1) shall not preclude the 
operation and maintenance of the Mormon Peak Microwave 
Facility.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 705. NATIVE AMERICAN USES AND INTERESTS.

    [(a) Access.--In recognition of the past use of the 
National Park System units and wilderness areas designed under 
this Act by Indian people for traditional cultural and 
religious purposes, the Secretary shall ensure access to such 
park system units and wilderness areas by Indian people for 
such traditional cultural and religious purposes. In 
implementing this section, the Secretary, upon the request of 
an Indian tribe or Indian religious community, shall 
temporarily close to the general public use of one or more 
specific portions of the park system unit or wilderness area in 
order to protect the privacy of traditional cultural and 
religious activities in such areas by Indian people. Any such 
closure shall be made to affect the smallest practicable area 
for the minimum period necessary for such purposes. Such access 
shall be consistent with the purpose and intent of Public Law 
95-341 (42 U.S.C. 1996) commonly referred to as the ``American 
Indian Religious Freedom Act'', and with respect to areas 
designated as wilderness, the Wilderness Act (78 Stat. 890; 16 
U.S.C. 1131).]
    (a) Access.--The Secretary shall ensure access to areas 
designated under this Act by members of Indian Tribes for 
traditional cultural and religious purposes, consistent with 
applicable law, including Public Law 95-341 (commonly known as 
the `American Indian Religious Freedom Act') (42 U.S.C. 1996).
    (b) Temporary Closure.--
          (1) In general.--In accordance with applicable law, 
        including Public Law 95-341 (commonly known as the 
        `American Indian Religious Freedom Act') (42 U.S.C. 
        1996), and subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary, on 
        request of an Indian Tribe or Indian religious 
        community, shall temporarily close to general public 
        use any portion of an area designated as a national 
        monument, special management area, wild and scenic 
        river, area of critical environmental concern, or 
        National Park System unit under this Act (referred to 
        in this subsection as a `designated area') to protect 
        the privacy of traditional cultural and religious 
        activities in the designated area by members of the 
        Indian tribe or Indian religious community.
          (2) Limitation.--In closing a portion of a designated 
        area under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall limit the 
        closure to the smallest practicable area for the 
        minimum period necessary for the traditional cultural 
        and religious activities.
    [(b)](c) Study.--
          (1) The Secretary, in consultation with the Timbisha 
        Shoshone Tribe and relevant Federal agencies, shall 
        conduct a study, subject to the availability of 
        appropriations, to identify lands suitable for a 
        reservation for the Timbisha Shoshone Tribe that are 
        located within the Tribe's aboriginal homeland area 
        within and outside the boundaries of the Death Valley 
        National Monument and the Death Valley National Park, 
        as described in part A of this subchapter.
          (2) Not later than 1 year after October 31, 1994, the 
        Secretary shall submit a report to the Committee on 
        Energy and Natural Resources and the Committee on 
        Indian Affairs of the United States Senate, and the 
        Committee on Natural Resources of the United States 
        House of Representatives on the results of the study 
        conducted under paragraph (1).
    (d) Tribal Cultural Resources Management Plan.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of the California Desert Protection 
        and Recreation Act of 2018, the Secretary shall develop 
        and implement a Tribal cultural resources management 
        plan to identify, protect, and conserve cultural 
        resources of Indian tribes associated with the Xam 
        Kwatchan Trail network extending from Avikwaame (Spirit 
        Mountain, Nevada) to Avikwlal (Pilot Knob, California).
          (2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult on the 
        development and implementation of the Tribal cultural 
        resources management plan under paragraph (1) with--
                  (A) each of--
                          (i) the Chemehuevi Indian Tribe;
                          (ii) the Hualapai Tribal Nation;
                          (iii) the Fort Mojave Indian Tribe;
                          (iv) the Colorado River Indian 
                        Tribes;
                          (v) the Quechan Indian Tribe; and
                          (vi) the Cocopah Indian Tribe; and
                  (B) the Advisory Council on Historic 
                Preservation.
          (3) Resource protection.--The Tribal cultural 
        resources management plan developed under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                  (A) be based on a completed Tribal cultural 
                resources survey; and
                  (B) include procedures for identifying, 
                protecting, and preserving petroglyphs, ancient 
                trails, intaglios, sleeping circles, artifacts, 
                and other resources of cultural, 
                archaeological, or historical significance in 
                accordance with all applicable laws and 
                policies, including--
                          (i) chapter 2003 of title 54, United 
                        States Code;
                          (ii) Public Law 95-341 (commonly 
                        known as the `American Indian Religious 
                        Freedom Act') (42 U.S.C. 1996);
                          (iii) the Archaeological Resources 
                        Protection Act of 1979 (16 U.S.C. 470aa 
                        et seq.);
                          (iv) the Native American Graves 
                        Protection and Repatriation Act (25 
                        U.S.C. 3001 et seq.); and
                          (v) Public Law 103-141 (commonly 
                        known as the `Religious Freedom 
                        Restoration Act of 1993') (42 U.S.C. 
                        2000bb et seq.).
    (e) Withdrawal.--Subject to valid existing rights, all 
Federal land within the area administratively withdrawn and 
known as the `Indian Pass Withdrawal Area' is permanently 
withdrawn from--
          (1) all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal 
        under the public land laws;
          (2) location, entry, and patent under the mining 
        laws; and
          (3) right-of-way leasing and disposition under all 
        laws relating to minerals or solar, wind, or geothermal 
        energy.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 707. CALIFORNIA STATE SCHOOL LANDS.

    (a) Negotiations to Exchange.--[Upon request of the 
California State Lands Commission (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as the ``Commission''), the Secretary shall enter 
into negotiations for an agreement]
          (1) In general._The Secretary shall negotiate in good 
        faith to reach an agreement with the California State 
        Lands Commission (referred to in this section as the 
        `Commission') to exchange Federal lands or interests 
        therein on the list referred to in subsection (b)(2) 
        for California State School lands or interests therein 
        which are located within the boundaries of one or more 
        of the wilderness areas, national monuments, off-
        highway vehicle recreation areas, or park system units 
        designated by this Act (hereinafter in this section 
        referred to as ``State School lands.''). [The Secretary 
        shall negotiate in good faith to]
          (2) Agreement._To the maximum extent practicable, not 
        later than 10 years after the date of enactment of this 
        title, the Secretary shall reach a land exchange 
        agreement consistent with the requirements of section 
        206 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
        1976.
    (b) Preparation of List.--Within six months after October 
31, 1994, the Secretary shall send to the Commission and to the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States 
Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the United 
States House of Representatives a list of the following:
          (1) State School lands or interests therein 
        (including mineral interests) which are located within 
        the boundaries of the wilderness areas, national 
        monuments, off-highway vehicle recreation areas, or 
        park system units designated by this Act.
          (2) Lands within the State of California under the 
        jurisdiction of the Secretary that the Secretary 
        determines to be suitable for disposal for exchange, 
        identified in the following priority--
                  (A) lands with mineral interests, including 
                geothermal, which have the potential for 
                commercial development but which are not 
                currently under mineral lease or producing 
                Federal mineral revenues;
                  (B) Federal claims in California managed by 
                the Bureau of Reclamation that the Secretary 
                determines are not needed for any Bureau of 
                Reclamation project; and
                  (C) any public lands in California that the 
                Secretary, pursuant to the Federal Land Policy 
                and Management Act of 1976, has determined to 
                be suitable for disposal through exchange.
          (3) Any other Federal land, or interest therein, 
        within the State of California, which is or becomes 
        surplus to the needs of the Federal Government. The 
        Secretary may exclude, in the Secretary's discretion, 
        lands located within, or contiguous to, the exterior 
        boundaries of lands held in trust for a federally 
        recognized Indian tribe located in the State of 
        California.
          (4) The Secretary shall maintain such list and shall 
        annually transmit such list to the Committee on Energy 
        and Natural Resources of the United States Senate and 
        the Committee on Natural Resources of the United States 
        House of Representatives until all of the State School 
        lands identified in paragraph (1) have been acquired.
    (c) Disposal of Surplus Federal Property.--
          (1) Effective upon October 31, 1994, and until all 
        State School lands identified in paragraph (b)(1) of 
        this section are acquired, no Federal lands or 
        interests therein within the State of California may be 
        disposed of from Federal ownership unless
                  (A) the Secretary is notified of the 
                availability of such lands or interest therein;
                  (B) the Secretary has notified the Commission 
                of the availability of such lands or interests 
                therein for exchange; and
                  (C) the Commission has not notified the 
                Secretary within six months that it wishes to 
                consider entering into an exchange for such 
                lands or interests therein.
          (2) If the Commission notifies the Secretary that it 
        wishes to consider an exchange for such lands or 
        interests therein, the Secretary shall attempt to 
        conclude such exchange in accordance with the 
        provisions of this section as quickly as possible.
          (3) If an agreement is reached and executed with the 
        Commission, then upon notice to the head of the agency 
        having administrative jurisdiction over such lands or 
        interests therein, the Secretary shall be vested with 
        administrative jurisdiction over such land or interests 
        therein for the purpose of concluding such exchange.
          (4) Upon the acquisition of all State School lands or 
        upon notice by the Commission to the Secretary that it 
        no longer has an interest in such lands or interests 
        therein, such lands or interests shall be released to 
        the agency that originally had jurisdiction over such 
        lands or interests for disposal in accordance with the 
        laws otherwise applicable to such lands or interests.
          (5) Special deposit fund account.--
                  (A) In general.--Assembled land exchanges may 
                be used to carry out this section through the 
                sale of surplus Federal property and subsequent 
                acquisitions of State school land.
                  (B) Receipts.--Past and future receipts from 
                the sale of property described in subsection 
                (a), less any costs incurred related to the 
                sale, shall be deposited in a Special Deposit 
                Fund Account established in the Treasury.
                  (C) Use.--Funds accumulated in the Special 
                Deposit Fund Account may be used by the 
                Secretary, without further appropriation, to 
                acquire State school lands or interest in the 
                land consistent with this section.
    (d) No Effect on Military Base Closures.--The provisions of 
this section shall not apply to the disposal of property under 
title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base 
Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100-526; 102 Stat. 
2627; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note) or the Defense Base Closure and 
Realignment Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1808; 10 
U.S.C. 2687 note).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 711. DEFINITION.

    Any reference to the term ``this Act'' in titles I through 
IX shall be deemed to be solely a reference to sections 1 and 
2, and titles I through IX.]

SEC. 711. JUNIPER FLATS.

    Development of renewable energy generation facilities 
(excluding rights-of-way or facilities for the transmission of 
energy and telecommunication facilities and infrastructure) is 
prohibited on the approximately 28,000 acres of Federal land 
generally depicted as `BLM Land Withdrawn from Energy 
Development and Power Generation' on the map entitled `Juniper 
Flats' and dated September 21, 2015.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 712. TRANSFER OF LAND TO ANZA-BORREGO DESERT STATE PARK.

    (a) In General.--On termination of all mining claims to the 
land described in subsection (b), the Secretary shall transfer 
the land described in that subsection to the State of 
California.
    (b) Description of Land.--The land referred to in 
subsection (a) is certain Bureau of Land Management land in San 
Diego County, California, comprising approximately 934 acres, 
as generally depicted on the map entitled `Table Mountain 
Wilderness Study Area Proposed Transfer to the State' and dated 
July 15, 2009.
    (c) Management.--Access
          (1) In general.--The land transferred under 
        subsection (a) shall be managed in accordance with the 
        provisions of the California Wilderness Act (California 
        Public Resources Code sections 5093.30-5093.40).
          (2) Withdrawal.--Subject to valid existing rights, 
        the land transferred under subsection (a) is withdrawn 
        from--
                  (A) all forms of entry, appropriation, or 
                disposal under the public land laws;
                  (B) location, entry, and patent under the 
                mining laws; and
                  (C) disposition under all laws relating to 
                mineral and geothermal leasing.
          (3) Reversion.--If the State ceases to manage the 
        land transferred under subsection (a) as part of the 
        State Park System or in a manner inconsistent with the 
        California Wilderness Act (California Public Resources 
        Code sections 5093.30-5093.40), the land shall revert 
        to the Secretary at the discretion of the Secretary, to 
        be managed as a Wilderness Study Area.

SEC. 713. WILDLIFE CORRIDORS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall--
          (1) assess the impacts of habitat fragmentation on 
        wildlife in the California Desert Conservation Area; 
        and
          (2) establish policies and procedures to ensure the 
        preservation of wildlife corridors and facilitate 
        species migration.
    (b) Study.--
          (1) In general.--As soon as practicable, but not 
        later than 2 years, after the date of enactment of this 
        section, the Secretary shall complete a study regarding 
        the impact of habitat fragmentation on wildlife in the 
        California Desert Conservation Area.
          (2) Components.--The study under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                  (A) identify the species migrating, or likely 
                to migrate in the California Desert 
                Conservation Area;
                  (B) examine the impacts and potential impacts 
                of habitat fragmentation on
                          (i) plants, insects, and animals;
                          (ii) soil;
                          (iii) air quality;
                          (iv) water quality and quantity; and
                          (v) species migration and survival;
                  (C) identify critical wildlife and species 
                migration corridors recommended for 
                preservation; and
                  (D) include recommendations for ensuring the 
                biological connectivity of public land managed 
                by the Secretary and the Secretary of Defense 
                throughout the California Desert Conservation 
                Area.
          (3) Rights-of-way.--The Secretary shall consider the 
        information and recommendations of the study under 
        paragraph (1) to determine the individual and 
        cumulative impacts of rights-of-way for projects in the 
        California Desert Conservation Area, in accordance 
        with--
                  (A) the National Environmental Policy Act of 
                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                  (B) the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
                U.S.C. 1531 et seq.); and
                  (C) any other applicable law.
    (c) Land Management Plans.--The Secretary shall incorporate 
into all land management plans applicable to the California 
Desert Conservation Area the findings and recommendations of 
the study completed under subsection (b).

SEC. 714. PROHIBITED USES OF ACQUIRED, DONATED, AND CONSERVATION LAND.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Acquired land.--The term `acquired land' means 
        any land acquired within the Conservation Area using 
        amounts from the land and water conservation fund 
        established under section 200302 of title 54, United 
        States Code.
          (2) Conservation area.--The term `Conservation Area' 
        means the California Desert Conservation Area.
          (3) Conservation land.--The term `conservation land' 
        means any land within the Conservation Area that is 
        designated to satisfy the conditions of a Federal 
        habitat conservation plan, general conservation plan, 
        or State natural communities conservation plan, 
        including--
                  (A) national conservation land established 
                pursuant to section 2002(b)(2)(D) of the 
                Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 (16 
                U.S.C. 7202(b)(2)(D)); and
                  (B) areas of critical environmental concern 
                established pursuant to section 202(c)(3) of 
                the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
                1976 (43 U.S.C. 1712(c)(3)).
          (4) Donated land.--The term `donated land' means any 
        private land donated to the United States for 
        conservation purposes in the Conservation Area.
          (5) Donor.--The term `donor' means an individual or 
        entity that donates private land within the 
        Conservation Area to the United States.
          (6) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the 
        Secretary, acting through the Director of the Bureau of 
        Land Management.
          (7) State.--The term `State' means the State of 
        California.
    (b) Prohibitions.--Except as provided in subsection (c), 
the Secretary shall not authorize the use of acquired land, 
conservation land, or donated land within the Conservation Area 
for any activities contrary to the conservation purposes for 
which the land was acquired, designated, or donated, 
including--
          (1) disposal;
          (2) rights-of-way;
          (3) leases;
          (4) livestock grazing;
          (5) infrastructure development, except as provided in 
        subsection (c);
          (6) mineral entry; and
          (7) off-highway vehicle use, except on--
                  (A) designated routes;
                  (B) off-highway vehicle areas designated by 
                law; and
                  (C) administratively designated open areas.
    (c) Exceptions.--
          (1) Authorization by secretary.--Subject to paragraph 
        (2), the Secretary may authorize limited exceptions to 
        prohibited uses of acquired land or donated land in the 
        Conservation Area if--
                  (A) a right-of-way application for a 
                renewable energy development project or 
                associated energy transport facility on 
                acquired land or donated land was submitted to 
                the Bureau of Land Management on or before 
                December 1, 2009; or
                  (B) after the completion and consideration of 
                an analysis under the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), 
                the Secretary has determined that proposed use 
                is in the public interest.
          (2) Conditions.--
                  (A) In general.--If the Secretary grants an 
                exception to the prohibition under paragraph 
                (1), the Secretary shall require the permittee 
                to donate private land of comparable value 
                located within the Conservation Area to the 
                United States to mitigate the use.
                  (B) Approval.--The private land to be donated 
                under subparagraph (A) shall be approved by the 
                Secretary after--
                          (i) consultation, to the maximum 
                        extent practicable, with the donor of 
                        the private land proposed for 
                        nonconservation uses; and
                          (ii) an opportunity for public 
                        comment regarding the donation.
    (d) Existing Agreements.--Nothing in this section affects 
permitted or prohibited uses of donated land or acquired land 
in the Conservation Area established in any easements, deed 
restrictions, memoranda of understanding, or other agreements 
in existence on the date of enactment of this section.
    (e) Deed Restrictions.--Effective beginning on the date of 
enactment of this section, within the Conservation Area, the 
Secretary may--
          (1) accept deed restrictions requested by landowners 
        for land donated to, or otherwise acquired by, the 
        United States; and
          (2) consistent with existing rights, create deed 
        restrictions, easements, or other third-party rights 
        relating to any public land determined by the Secretary 
        to be necessary--
                  ``A) to fulfill the mitigation requirements 
                resulting from the development of renewable 
                resources; or
                  (B) to satisfy the conditions of--
                          (i) a habitat conservation plan or 
                        general conservation plan established 
                        pursuant to section 10 of the 
                        Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
                        U.S.C. 1539); or
                          (ii) a natural communities 
                        conservation plan approved by the 
                        State.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 801. SHORT TITLE AND FINDINGS.

    (a) Short Title.--This title may be cited as the 
`California Military Lands Withdrawal and Overflights Act of 
1994'.
    (b) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
          (1) military aircraft testing and training activities 
        as well as demilitarization activities in California 
        are an important part of the national defense system of 
        the United States, and are essential in order to secure 
        for the American people of this and future generations 
        an enduring and viable national defense system;
          (2) the National Park System units, special 
        management areas, off-highway vehicle recreation areas, 
        scenic areas, and wilderness areas designated by this 
        Act lie within a region critical to providing training, 
        research, and development for the Armed Forces of the 
        United States and its allies;
          (3) there is a lack of alternative sites available 
        for these military training, testing, and research 
        activities;
          (4) continued use of the lands and airspace in the 
        California desert region is essential for military 
        purposes; and
          (5) continuation of these military activities, under 
        appropriate terms and conditions, is not incompatible 
        with the protection and proper management of the 
        natural, environmental, cultural, and other resources 
        and values of the Federal lands in the California 
        desert area.''

SEC. 802. MILITARY OVERFLIGHTS.

    (a) Overflights.--Nothing in this Act, the Wilderness Act, 
or other land management laws generally applicable to the new 
units of the National Park or Wilderness Preservation Systems 
(or any additions to existing units), scenic areas, off-highway 
vehicle recreation areas, or special management areas 
designated by this Act, shall restrict or preclude low-level 
overflights of military aircraft over such units, including 
military overflights that can be seen or heard within such 
units.
    (b) Special Airspace.--Nothing in this Act, the Wilderness 
Act, or other land management laws generally applicable to the 
new units of the National Park or Wilderness Preservation 
Systems (or any additions to existing units), scenic areas, 
off-highway vehicle recreation areas, or special management 
areas designated by this Act, shall restrict or preclude the 
designation of new units of special airspace or the use or 
establishment of military flight training routes over such new 
park system or wilderness units.
    (c) No Effect on Other Laws.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed to modify, expand, or diminish any authority under 
other Federal law.
    (d) Department of Defense Facilities.--Nothing in this Act 
alters any authority of the Secretary of Defense to conduct 
military operations at installations and ranges within the 
California Desert Conservation Area that are authorized under 
any other provision of law.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


            TITLE XIII--OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE RECREATION AREAS

SEC. 1301. DESIGNATION OF OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE RECREATION AREAS.

    (a) In General.--
          (1) Designation.--In accordance with the Federal Land 
        Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et 
        seq.) and resource management plans developed under 
        this title and subject to valid rights, the following 
        land within the Conservation Area in San Bernardino 
        County, California, is designated as Off-Highway 
        Vehicle Recreation Areas:
                  (A) Dumont dunes off-highway vehicle 
                recreation area.--Certain Bureau of Land 
                Management land in the Conservation Area, 
                comprising approximately 7,630 acres, as 
                generally depicted on the map entitled `Dumont 
                Dunes Proposed OHV Recreation Area' and dated 
                February 22, 2018, which shall be known as the 
                `Dumont Dunes Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation 
                Area'.
                  (B) El mirage off-highway vehicle recreation 
                area.--Certain Bureau of Land Management land 
                in the Conservation Area, comprising 
                approximately 14,930 acres, as generally 
                depicted on the map entitled `El Mirage 
                Proposed OHV Recreation Area' and dated 
                February 22, 2018, which shall be known as the 
                `El Mirage Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation 
                Area'.
                  (C) Rasor off-highway vehicle recreation 
                area.--Certain Bureau of Land Management land 
                in the Conservation Area, comprising 
                approximately 23,910 acres, as generally 
                depicted on the map entitled `Rasor Proposed 
                OHV Recreation Area' and dated February 22, 
                2018, which shall be known as the `Rasor Off-
                Highway Vehicle Recreation Area'.
                  (D) Spangler hills off-highway vehicle 
                recreation area.--Certain Bureau of Land 
                Management land in the Conservation Area, 
                comprising approximately 56,140 acres, as 
                generally depicted on the map entitled 
                `Spangler Hills Proposed OHV Recreation Area' 
                and dated February 22, 2018, which shall be 
                known as the `Spangler Off-Highway Vehicle 
                Recreation Area'.
                  (E) Stoddard valley off-highway vehicle 
                recreation area.--Certain Bureau of Land 
                Management land in the Conservation Area, 
                comprising approximately 40,110 acres, as 
                generally depicted on the map entitled 
                `Stoddard Valley Proposed OHV Recreation Area' 
                and dated February 22, 2018, which shall be 
                known as the `Stoddard Valley Off-Highway 
                Vehicle Recreation Area'.
          (2) Expansion of johnson valley off-highway vehicle 
        recreation area.--The Johnson Valley Off-Highway 
        Vehicle Recreation Area designated by section 2945 of 
        the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2014 (division B of Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 
        1038) is expanded to include approximately 11,300 
        acres, as generally depicted on the map entitled 
        `Proposed Johnson Valley Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation 
        Area Additions' and dated March 15, 2018.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the off-highway vehicle 
recreation areas designated or expanded under subsection (a) is 
to preserve and enhance the recreational opportunities within 
the Conservation Area (including opportunities for off-highway 
vehicle recreation), while conserving the wildlife and other 
natural resource values of the Conservation Area.
    (c) Maps and Descriptions.--
          (1) Preparation and submission.--As soon as 
        practicable after the date of enactment of this title, 
        the Secretary shall file a map and legal description of 
        each off-highway vehicle recreation area designated or 
        expanded by subsection (a) with
                  (A) the Committee on Natural Resources of the 
                House of Representatives; and
                  (B) the Committee on Energy and Natural 
                Resources of the Senate.
          (2) Legal effect.--The map and legal descriptions of 
        the off-highway vehicle recreation areas filed under 
        paragraph (1) shall have the same force and effect as 
        if included in this title, except that the Secretary 
        may correct errors in the map and legal descriptions.
          (3) Public availability.--Each map and legal 
        description filed under paragraph (1) shall be filed 
        and made available for public inspection in the 
        appropriate offices of the Bureau of Land Management.
    (d) Use of the Land.--
          (1) Recreational activities.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall continue 
                to authorize, maintain, and enhance the 
                recreational uses of the off-highway vehicle 
                recreation areas designated or expanded by 
                subsection (a), including off-highway 
                recreation, hiking, camping, hunting, mountain 
                biking, sightseeing, rockhounding, and 
                horseback riding, as long as the recreational 
                use is consistent with this section and any 
                other applicable law.
                  (B) Off-highway vehicle and off-highway 
                recreation.--To the extent consistent with 
                applicable Federal law (including regulations) 
                and this section, any authorized recreation 
                activities and use designations in effect on 
                the date of enactment of this title and 
                applicable to the off-highway vehicle 
                recreation areas designated or expanded by 
                subsection (a) shall continue, including casual 
                off-highway vehicular use, racing, competitive 
                events, rock crawling, training, and other 
                forms of off-highway recreation.
          (2) Wildlife guzzlers.--Wildlife guzzlers shall be 
        allowed in the off-highway vehicle recreation areas 
        designated or expanded by subsection (a) in accordance 
        with--
                  (A) applicable Bureau of Land Management 
                guidelines; and
                  (B) State law.
          (3) Prohibited uses.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), commercial development 
                (including development of energy facilities, 
                but excluding energy transport facilities, 
                rights-of-way, and related telecommunication 
                facilities) shall be prohibited in the off-
                highway vehicle recreation areas designated or 
                expanded by subsection (a) if the Secretary 
                determines that the development is incompatible 
                with the purpose described in subsection (b).
                  (B) Exception.--The Secretary may issue a 
                temporary permit to a commercial vendor to 
                provide accessories and other support for off-
                highway vehicle use in an off-highway vehicle 
                recreation area designated or expanded by 
                subsection (a) for a limited period and 
                consistent with the purposes of the off-highway 
                vehicle recreation area and applicable laws.
      (e) Administration.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall administer the 
        off-highway vehicle recreation areas designated or 
        expanded by subsection (a) in accordance with--
                  (A) this title;
                  (B) the Federal Land Policy and Management 
                Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.); and
                  (C) any other applicable laws (including 
                regulations).
          (2) Management plan.--
                  (A) In general.--As soon as practicable, but 
                not later than 3 years after the date of 
                enactment of this title, the Secretary shall--
                          (i) amend existing resource 
                        management plans applicable to the off-
                        highway vehicle recreation areas 
                        designated or expanded by subsection 
                        (a); or
                          (ii) develop new management plans for 
                        each off-highway vehicle recreation 
                        area designated or expanded under that 
                        subsection.
                  (B) Requirements.--All new or amended plans 
                under subparagraph (A) shall be designed to 
                preserve and enhance safe off-highway vehicle 
                and other recreational opportunities within the 
                applicable recreation area consistent with--
                          (i) the purpose described in 
                        subsection (b); and
                          (ii) any applicable laws (including 
                        regulations).
                  (C) Interim plans.--Pending completion of a 
                new management plan under subparagraph (A), the 
                existing resource management plans shall govern 
                the use of the applicable off-highway vehicle 
                recreation area.
      (f) Withdrawal.--Subject to valid existing rights, all 
Federal land within the off-highway vehicle recreation areas 
designated or expanded by subsection (a) is withdrawn from--
          (1) all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal 
        under the public land laws;
          (2) location, entry, and patent under the mining 
        laws; and
          (3) right-of-way, leasing, or disposition under all 
        laws relating to mineral leasing, geothermal leasing, 
        or mineral materials.
      (g) Study.--
          (1) In general.--As soon as practicable, but not 
        later than 2 years, after the date of enactment of this 
        title, the Secretary shall complete a study to identify 
        Bureau of Land Management land within the California 
        Desert Conservation Area that is suitable for addition 
        to the off-highway vehicle recreation areas designated 
        or expanded by subsection (a).
          (2) Study areas.--The study required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include--
                  (A) certain Bureau of Land Management land in 
                the California Desert Conservation Area, 
                comprising approximately 41,000 acres, as 
                generally depicted on the map entitled 
                `Spangler Hills Proposed Expansion Study Area' 
                and dated March 9, 2018;
                  (B) certain Bureau of Land Management land in 
                the California Desert Conservation Area, 
                comprising approximately 680 acres, as 
                generally depicted on the map entitled `El 
                Mirage Proposed Expansion Study Area' and dated 
                February 22, 2018; and
                  (C) certain Bureau of Land Management land in 
                the California Desert Conservation Area, 
                comprising approximately 10,130 acres, as 
                generally depicted on the map entitled `Johnson 
                Valley Proposed Expansion Study Area' and dated 
                March 15, 2018.
          (3) Requirements.--In preparing the study under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                  (A) seek input from stakeholders, including--
                          (i) the State, including--
                                  (I) the California Public 
                                Utilities Commission; and
                                  (II) the California Energy 
                                Commission;
                          (ii) San Bernardino County, 
                        California;
                          (iii) the public;
                          (iv) recreational user groups;
                          (v) conservation organizations;
                          (vi) the Southern California Edison 
                        Company;
                          (vii) the Pacific Gas and Electric 
                        Company; and
                          (viii) other Federal agencies, 
                        including the Department of Defense;
                  (B) identify and exclude from consideration 
                any land that
                          (i) is managed for conservation 
                        purposes;
                          (ii) may be suitable for renewable 
                        energy development; or
                          (iii) may be necessary for energy 
                        transmission; and
                  (C) not recommend or approve expansion of 
                off-highway recreation areas within the 
                California Desert Conservation Area that 
                collectively would exceed the total acres 
                administratively designated for off-highway 
                recreation within the California Desert 
                Conservation Area as of the day before the date 
                of enactment of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public 
                Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 672).
          (4) Applicable law.--The Secretary shall consider the 
        information and recommendations of the study completed 
        under paragraph (1) to determine the impacts of 
        expanding off-highway vehicle recreation areas 
        designated or expanded by subsection (a) on the 
        California Desert Conservation Area, in accordance 
        with--
                  (A) the National Environmental Policy Act of 
                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                  (B) the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
                U.S.C. 1531 et seq.); and
                  (C) any other applicable law (including 
                regulations), plan, and the Desert Renewable 
                Energy Conservation Plan.
          (5) Submission to congress.--On completion of the 
        study under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit 
        the study to--
                  ``(A) the Committee on Natural Resources of 
                the House of Representatives; and
                  (B) the Committee on Energy and Natural 
                Resources of the Senate.
      (h) Southern California Edison Company Utility Facilities 
and Rights-of-way.--
          (1) Effect of title.--Nothing in this title--
                  (A) terminates any validly issued right-of-
                way for the customary operation, maintenance, 
                upgrade, repair, relocation within an existing 
                right-of-way, replacement, or other authorized 
                energy transport facility activities (including 
                the use of any mechanized vehicle, helicopter, 
                and other aerial device) in a right-of-way 
                issued, granted, or permitted to Southern 
                California Edison Company (including any 
                predecessor or successor in interest or assign) 
                that is located on land included in--
                          (i) the El Mirage Off-Highway Vehicle 
                        Recreation Area;
                          (ii) the Spangler Hills National Off-
                        Highway Vehicle Recreation Area; or
                          (iii) the Stoddard Valley National 
                        Off Highway Vehicle Recreation Area;
                  (B) affects the application, siting, route 
                selection, right-of-way acquisition, or 
                construction of the Coolwater-Lugo transmission 
                project, as may be approved by the California 
                Public Utilities Commission and the Bureau of 
                Land Management; or
                  (C) prohibits the upgrading or replacement of 
                any Southern California Edison Company--
                          (i) utility facility, including such 
                        a utility facility known on the date of 
                        enactment of this title as--
                                  (I) `Gale-PS 512 transmission 
                                lines or rights-of-way'; or
                                  (II) `Patio, Jack Ranch, and 
                                Kenworth distribution circuits 
                                or rights-of-way'; or
                          (ii) energy transport facility in a 
                        right-of-way issued, granted, or 
                        permitted by the Secretary adjacent to 
                        a utility facility referred to in 
                        clause (i).
          (2) Plans for access.--The Secretary, in consultation 
        with the Southern California Edison Company, shall 
        publish plans for regular and emergency access by the 
        Southern California Edison Company to the rights-of-way 
        of the Company by the date that is 1 year after the 
        later of--
                  ``A) the date of enactment of this title; and
                  (B) the date of issuance of a new energy 
                transport facility right-of-way within--
                          (i) the El Mirage Off-Highway Vehicle 
                        Recreation Area;
                          (ii) the Spangler Hills National Off-
                        Highway Vehicle Recreation Area; or
                          (iii) the Stoddard Valley National 
                        Off Highway Vehicle Recreation Area.
      (i) Pacific Gas and Electric Company Utility Facilities 
and Rights-of-way.--
          (1) Effect of title.--Nothing in this title--
                  (A) terminates any validly issued right-of-
                way for the customary operation, maintenance, 
                upgrade, repair, relocation within an existing 
                right-of-way, replacement, or other authorized 
                activity (including the use of any mechanized 
                vehicle, helicopter, and other aerial device) 
                in a right-of-way issued, granted, or permitted 
                to Pacific Gas and Electric Company (including 
                any predecessor or successor in interest or 
                assign) that is located on land included in the 
                Spangler Hills National Off-Highway Vehicle 
                Recreation Area; or
                  (B) prohibits the upgrading or replacement of 
                any--
                          (i) utility facilities of the Pacific 
                        Gas and Electric Company, including 
                        those utility facilities known on the 
                        date of enactment of this title as--
                          (I) `Gas Transmission Line 311 or 
                        rights-of-way'; or
                          (II) `Gas Transmission Line 372 or 
                        rights-of-way'; or
                          (ii) utility facilities of the 
                        Pacific Gas and Electric Company in 
                        rights-of-way issued, granted, or 
                        permitted by the Secretary adjacent to 
                        a utility facility referred to in 
                        clause (i).
          (2) Plans for access.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date of enactment of this title or the issuance of 
        a new utility facility right-of-way within the Spangler 
        Hills National Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Area, 
        whichever is later, the Secretary, in consultation with 
        the Pacific Gas and Electric Company, shall publish 
        plans for regular and emergency access by the Pacific 
        Gas and Electric Company to the rights-of-way of the 
        Pacific Gas and Electric Company.

                  TITLE XIV--ALABAMA HILLS SCENIC AREA

SEC. 1401. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
          ``1) Management plan.--The term `management plan' 
        means the management plan for the Scenic Area developed 
        under section 1403(a).
          (2) Map.--The term `Map' means the map entitled 
        `Proposed Alabama Hills National Scenic Area' and dated 
        September 8, 2014.
          (3) Motorized vehicle.--The term `motorized vehicle' 
        means a motorized or mechanized vehicle and includes, 
        when used by a utility, mechanized equipment, a 
        helicopter, and any other aerial device necessary to 
        maintain electrical or communications infrastructure.
          (4) Scenic area.--The term `Scenic Area' means the 
        Alabama Hills Scenic Area established by section 
        1402(a).
          (5) State.--The term `State' means the State of 
        California.
          (6) Tribe.--The term `Tribe' means the Lone Pine 
        Paiute-Shoshone Tribe.

SEC. 1402. ALABAMA HILLS SCENIC AREA, CALIFORNIA.

      (a) Establishment.--Subject to valid existing rights, 
there is established in Inyo County, California, the Alabama 
Hills Scenic Area, to be comprised of the approximately 18,610 
acres generally depicted on the Map as `National Scenic Area'.
      (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the Scenic Area is to 
conserve, protect, and enhance for the benefit, use, and 
enjoyment of present and future generations the nationally 
significant scenic, cultural, geological, educational, 
biological, historical, recreational, cinematographic, and 
scientific resources of the Scenic Area managed consistent with 
section 302(a) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
1976 (43 U.S.C. 1732(a)).
      (c) Map; Legal Descriptions.--
          (1) In general.--As soon as practicable after the 
        date of enactment of this title, the Secretary shall 
        file a map and a legal description of the Scenic Area 
        with--
                  (A) the Committee on Energy and Natural 
                Resources of the Senate; and
                  (B) the Committee on Natural Resources of the 
                House of Representatives.
          (2) Force of law.--The map and legal descriptions 
        filed under paragraph (1) shall have the same force and 
        effect as if included in this title, except that the 
        Secretary may correct any clerical and typographical 
        errors in the map and legal descriptions.
          (3) Public availability.--Each map and legal 
        description filed under paragraph (1) shall be on file 
        and available for public inspection in the appropriate 
        offices of the Forest Service and the Bureau of Land 
        Management.
      (d) Administration.--The Secretary shall manage the 
Scenic Area--
          (1) as a component of the National Landscape 
        Conservation System;
          (2) so as not to impact the future continuing 
        operation and maintenance of any activities associated 
        with valid, existing rights, including water rights;
          (3) in a manner that conserves, protects, and 
        enhances the resources and values of the Scenic Area 
        described in subsection (b); and
          (4) in accordance with--
                  (A) the Federal Land Policy and Management 
                Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.);
                  (B) this title; and
                  (C) any other applicable laws.
      (e) Management.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall allow only such 
        uses of the Scenic Area as the Secretary determines 
        would further the purposes of the Scenic Area as 
        described in subsection (b).
          (2) Recreational activities.--Except as otherwise 
        provided in this title or other applicable law, or as 
        the Secretary determines to be necessary for public 
        health and safety, the Secretary shall allow existing 
        recreational uses of the Scenic Area to continue, 
        including hiking, mountain biking, rock climbing, 
        sightseeing, horseback riding, hunting, fishing, and 
        appropriate authorized motorized vehicle use in 
        accordance with paragraph (3).
          (3) Motorized vehicles.--Except as otherwise 
        specified in this title, or as necessary for 
        administrative purposes or to respond to an emergency, 
        the use of motorized vehicles in the Scenic Area shall 
        be permitted only on--
                  (A) roads and trails designated by the 
                Secretary for use of motorized vehicles as part 
                of a management plan sustaining a semiprimitive 
                motorized experience; or
                  (B) county-maintained roads in accordance 
                with applicable State and county laws.
    (f) No Buffer Zones.--
          (1) In general.--Nothing in this title creates a 
        protective perimeter or buffer zone around the Scenic 
        Area.
          (2) Activities outside scenic area.--The fact that an 
        activity or use on land outside the Scenic Area can be 
        seen or heard within the Scenic Area shall not preclude 
        the activity or use outside the boundaries of the 
        Scenic Area.
    (g) Access.--The Secretary shall provide private landowners 
adequate access to inholdings in the Scenic Area.
    (h) Filming.--Nothing in this title prohibits filming 
(including commercial film production, student filming, and 
still photography) within the Scenic Area--
          (1) subject to
                  (A) such reasonable regulations, policies, 
                and practices as the Secretary considers to be 
                necessary; and
                  (B) applicable law; and
          (2) in a manner consistent with the purposes 
        described in subsection (b).
    (i) Fish and Wildlife.--Nothing in this title affects the 
jurisdiction or responsibilities of the State with respect to 
fish and wildlife.
    (j) Livestock.--The grazing of livestock in the Scenic 
Area, including grazing under the Alabama Hills allotment and 
the George Creek allotment, as established before the date of 
enactment of this title, shall be permitted to continue--
          (1) subject to--
                  (A) such reasonable regulations, policies, 
                and practices as the Secretary considers to be 
                necessary; and
                  (B) applicable law; and
          (2) in a manner consistent with the purposes 
        described in subsection (b).
    (k) Withdrawal.--Subject to the provisions of this title 
and valid rights in existence on the date of enactment of this 
title, including rights established by prior withdrawals, the 
Federal land within the Scenic Area is withdrawn from all forms 
of--
          (1) entry, appropriation, or disposal under the 
        public land laws;
          (2) location, entry, and patent under the mining 
        laws; and
          (3) disposition under all laws pertaining to mineral 
        and geothermal leasing or mineral materials.
    (l) Wildland Fire Operations.--Nothing in this title 
prohibits the Secretary, in cooperation with other Federal, 
State, and local agencies, as appropriate, from conducting 
wildland fire operations in the Scenic Area, consistent with 
the purposes described in subsection (b).
    (m) Cooperative Agreements.--The Secretary may enter into 
cooperative agreements with, State, Tribal, and local 
governmental entities and private entities to conduct research, 
interpretation, or public education or to carry out any other 
initiative relating to the restoration, conservation, or 
management of the Scenic Area.
    (n) Utility Facilities and Rights-of-way.--
          (1) Effect of title.--Nothing in this title--
                  (A) affects the existence, use, operation, 
                maintenance (including vegetation control), 
                repair, construction, reconfiguration, 
                expansion, inspection, renewal, reconstruction, 
                alteration, addition, relocation, improvement, 
                funding, removal, or replacement of any utility 
                facility or appurtenant right-of-way within or 
                adjacent to the Scenic Area;
                  (B) subject to subsection (e), affects 
                necessary or efficient access to utility 
                facilities or rights-of-way within or adjacent 
                to the Scenic Area; and
                  (C) precludes the Secretary from authorizing 
                the establishment of new utility facility 
                rights-of-way (including instream sites, 
                routes, and areas) within the Scenic Area in a 
                manner that minimizes harm to the purpose of 
                the Scenic Area as described in subsection 
                (b)--
                          (i) in accordance with the National 
                        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and any other 
                        applicable law;
                          (ii) subject to such terms and 
                        conditions as the Secretary determines 
                        to be appropriate; and
                          (iii) that are determined by the 
                        Secretary to be the only technical or 
                        feasible location, following 
                        consideration of alternatives within 
                        existing rights-of-way or outside of 
                        the Scenic Area.
          (2) Management plan.--Consistent with this title, the 
        Management Plan shall establish plans for maintenance 
        of public utility and other rights-of-way within the 
        Scenic Area.

SEC. 1403. MANAGEMENT PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
enactment of this title, in accordance with subsections (b) and 
(c), the Secretary shall develop a comprehensive plan for the 
long-term management of the Scenic Area.
    (b) Consultation.--In developing the management plan, the 
Secretary shall consult with--
          (1) appropriate State, Tribal, and local governmental 
        entities, including Inyo County, the Los Angeles 
        Department of Water and Power, and the Tribe;
          (2) utilities, including Southern California Edison 
        Company;
          (3) the Alabama Hills Stewardship Group; and
          (4) members of the public.
    (c) Requirement.--In accordance with this title, the 
management plan shall establish plans for maintenance of public 
utility and other rights-of-way within the Scenic Area.
    (d) Incorporation.--In developing the management plan, in 
accordance with this section, the Secretary shall allow, in 
perpetuity, casual use mining limited to the use of hand tools, 
metal detectors, hand-fed dry washers, vacuum cleaners, gold 
pans, small sluices, and similar items.
    (e) Interim Management.--Pending completion of the 
management plan, the Secretary shall manage the Scenic Area in 
accordance with section 1402(b).

SEC. 1404. LAND TAKEN INTO TRUST FOR LONE PINE PAIUTE-SHOSHONE 
                    RESERVATION.

    (a) Trust Land.--As soon as practicable after the date of 
enactment of this title, the Secretary shall take the 
approximately 132 acres of Federal land depicted on the Map as 
`Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Reservation Addition' into trust for 
the benefit of the Tribe, subject to the conditions that--
          (1) the land shall be subject to all easements, 
        covenants, conditions, restrictions, withdrawals, and 
        other matters of record in existence on the date of 
        enactment of this title; and
          (2) the Federal land over which the right-of-way for 
        the Los Angeles Aqueduct is located, generally 
        described as the 250-foot-wide right-of-way granted to 
        the City of Los Angeles pursuant to the Act of June 30, 
        1906 (34 Stat. 801, chapter 3926), shall not be taken 
        into trust for the Tribe.
    (b) Reservation Land.--The land taken into trust pursuant 
to subsection (a) shall be considered to be a part of the 
reservation of the Tribe.
    (c) Gaming Prohibition.--Land taken into trust under 
subsection (a) shall not be eligible, or considered to have 
been taken into trust, for gaming (within the meaning of the 
Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.)).

SEC. 1405. TRANSFER OF ADMINISTRATIVE JURISDICTION.

    Administrative jurisdiction over the approximately 40 acres 
of Federal land depicted on the Map as `USFS Transfer to BLM' 
is transferred from the Forest Service to the Bureau of Land 
Management.

SEC. 1406. PROTECTION OF SERVICES AND RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES.

    (a) Effect of Title.--Nothing in this title limits the 
provision of any commercial service for existing or historic 
recreation use, as authorized by the permit process of the 
Bureau of Land Management.
    (b) Guided Recreational Opportunities.--Any valid existing 
commercial permit to exercise guided recreational opportunities 
for the public may continue as authorized on the day before the 
date of enactment of this title.

                       WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS ACT


Public Law 90-542, as amended

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    Sec. 3 (a) The following rivers and the land adjacent 
thereto are hereby designated as components of the national 
wild and scenic rivers system:

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          (196) Amargosa river, california.--The following 
        segments of the Amargosa River in the State of 
        California, to be administered by the Secretary of the 
        Interior:
                  [(A) The approximately 4.1-mile segment of 
                the Amargosa River from the northern boundary 
                of sec. 7, T. 21 N., R. 7 E., to 100 feet 
                upstream of the Tecopa Hot Springs road 
                crossing, as a scenic river.]
                  (A) The approximately 6.1-mile segment of the 
                Amargosa River in the State of California, from 
                100 feet downstream of the State Highway 178 
                crossing to 100 feet upstream of the Tecopa Hot 
                Springs Road crossing, to be administered by 
                the Secretary of the Interior as a scenic 
                river.
                  (B) The approximately 8-mile segment of the 
                Amargosa River from 100 feet downstream of the 
                Tecopa Hot Springs Road crossing to 100 feet 
                upstream of the Old Spanish Trail Highway 
                crossing near Tecopa, as a scenic river.
                  (C) The approximately 7.9-mile segment of the 
                Amargosa River from the northern boundary of 
                sec. 16, T. 20 N., R. 7 E., to .25 miles 
                upstream of the confluence with Sperry Wash in 
                sec. 10, T. 19 N., R. 7 E., as a wild river.
                  (D) The approximately 4.9-mile segment of the 
                Amargosa River from .25 miles upstream of the 
                confluence with Sperry Wash in sec. 10, T. 19 
                N., R. 7 E. to 100 feet upstream of the Dumont 
                Dunes access road crossing in sec. 32, T. 19 
                N., R. 7 E., as a recreational river.
                  (E) The approximately 1.4-mile segment of the 
                Amargosa River from 100 feet downstream of the 
                Dumont Dunes access road crossing in sec. 32, 
                T. 19 N., R. 7 E., as a recreational river.

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          (214) Surprise canyon creek, california.--
                  (A) In general.--The following segments of 
                Surprise Canyon Creek in the State of 
                California, to be administered by the Secretary 
                of the Interior:
                          (i) The approximately 5.3 miles of 
                        Surprise Canyon Creek from the 
                        confluence of Frenchman's Canyon and 
                        Water Canyon to 100 feet upstream of 
                        Chris Wicht Camp, as a wild river.
                          (ii) The approximately 1.8 miles of 
                        Surprise Canyon Creek from 100 feet 
                        upstream of Chris Wicht Camp to the 
                        southern boundary of sec. 14, T. 21 N., 
                        R. 44 E., as a recreational river.
                  (B) Effect on historic mining structures.--
                Nothing in this paragraph affects the historic 
                mining structures associated with the former 
                Panamint Mining District.
          (215) Deep creek, california.--
                  (A) In general.--The following segments of 
                Deep Creek in the State of California, to be 
                administered by the Secretary of Agriculture:
                          (i) The approximately 6.5-mile 
                        segment from 0.125 mile downstream of 
                        the Rainbow Dam site in sec. 33, T. 2 
                        N., R. 2 W., to 0.25 miles upstream of 
                        the Road 3N34 crossing, as a wild 
                        river.
                          (ii) The 0.5-mile segment from 0.25 
                        mile upstream of the Road 3N34 crossing 
                        to 0.25 mile downstream of the Road 
                        3N34 crossing, as a scenic river.
                          (iii) The 2.5-mile segment from 0.25 
                        miles downstream of the Road 3 N. 34 
                        crossing to 0.25 miles upstream of the 
                        Trail 2W01 crossing, as a wild river.
                          (iv) The 0.5-mile segment from 0.25 
                        miles upstream of the Trail 2W01 
                        crossing to 0.25 mile downstream of the 
                        Trail 2W01 crossing, as a scenic river.
                          (v) The 10-mile segment from 0.25 
                        miles downstream of the Trail 2W01 
                        crossing to the upper limit of the 
                        Mojave dam flood zone in sec. 17, T. 3 
                        N., R. 3 W., as a wild river.
                          (vi) The 11-mile segment of Holcomb 
                        Creek from 100 yards downstream of the 
                        Road 3N12 crossing to .25 miles 
                        downstream of Holcomb Crossing, as a 
                        recreational river.
                          (vii) The 3.5-mile segment of the 
                        Holcomb Creek from 0.25 miles 
                        downstream of Holcomb Crossing to the 
                        Deep Creek confluence, as a wild river.
                  (B) Effect on ski operations.--Nothing in 
                this paragraph affects--
                          (i) the operations of the Snow Valley 
                        Ski Resort; or
                          (ii) the State regulation of water 
                        rights and water quality associated 
                        with the operation of the Snow Valley 
                        Ski Resort.
          (216) Whitewater river, california.--The following 
        segments of the Whitewater River in the State of 
        California, to be administered by the Secretary of 
        Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior, acting 
        jointly:
                  (A) The 5.8-mile segment of the North Fork 
                Whitewater River from the source of the River 
                near Mt. San Gorgonio to the confluence with 
                the Middle Fork, as a wild river.
                  (B) The 6.4-mile segment of the Middle Fork 
                Whitewater River from the source of the River 
                to the confluence with the South Fork, as a 
                wild river.
                  (C) The 1-mile segment of the South Fork 
                Whitewater River from the confluence of the 
                River with the East Fork to the section line 
                between sections 32 and 33, T. 1 S., R. 2 E., 
                as a wild river.
                  (D) The 1-mile segment of the South Fork 
                Whitewater River from the section line between 
                sections 32 and 33, T. 1 S., R. 2 E., to the 
                section line between sections 33 and 34, T. 1 
                S., R. 2 E., as a recreational river.
                  (E) The 4.9-mile segment of the South Fork 
                Whitewater River from the section line between 
                sections 33 and 34, T. 1 S., R. 2 E., to the 
                confluence with the Middle Fork, as a wild 
                river.
                  (F) The 5.4-mile segment of the main stem of 
                the Whitewater River from the confluence of the 
                South and Middle Forks to the San Gorgonio 
                Wilderness boundary, as a wild river.
                  (G) The 3.6-mile segment of the main stem of 
                the Whitewater River from the San Gorgonio 
                Wilderness boundary to .25 miles upstream of 
                the southern boundary of section 35, T. 2 S., 
                R. 3 E., as a recreational river.

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