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116th Congress   }                                             {   Report
                           HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                             {  116-101

======================================================================



 
 COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 
                                  2020

                                _______
                                

  June 3, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

          Mr. Serrano, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 3055]

    The Committee on Appropriations submits the following 
report in explanation of the accompanying bill making 
appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2020, and for 
other purposes.

                        INDEX TO BILL AND REPORT

                                                            Page Number

                                                            Bill Report
Title I--Department of Commerce............................     2
                                                                      7
Title II--Department of Justice............................    24
                                                                     43
Title III--Science.........................................    70
                                                                     82
        Office of Science and Technology Policy............    70
                                                                     82
        National Space Council.............................    71
                                                                     82
        National Aeronautics and Space Administration......    71
                                                                     83
        National Science Foundation........................    79
                                                                     95
Title IV--Related Agencies.................................    83
                                                                    101
        Commission on Civil Rights.........................    83
                                                                    101
        Equal Employment Opportunity Commission............    84
                                                                    101
        International Trade Commission.....................    85
                                                                    102
        Legal Services Corporation.........................    85
                                                                    102
        Marine Mammal Commission...........................    87
                                                                    103
        Office of the United States Trade Representative...    87
                                                                    103
        State Justice Institute............................    88
                                                                    104
Title V--General Provisions................................    88
                                                                    104
        House of Representatives Reporting Requirements....
                                                                    107
        Minority Views.....................................
                                                                    153

                         Highlights of the Bill

    The Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies 
Subcommittee has jurisdiction over a diverse group of agencies 
responsible for promoting economic development; researching 
climate change and mitigating its impacts; combating violent 
crime, cybercrime, financial fraud, terrorism, espionage, and 
drug trafficking; addressing gun violence; promoting criminal 
justice reform; ensuring access to justice; enforcing trade 
laws; conducting periodic censuses; forecasting the weather; 
managing fisheries; exploring space; and advancing science. The 
activities of these agencies impact every American and are 
integral to the operations of our government.
    The bill provides a total of $73,895,000,000 in 
discretionary budget authority for fiscal year 2020. Within the 
level of funds provided, the bill prioritizes funding for the 
Constitutionally-required 2020 Decennial Census as well as for 
numerous other important public investments.
    The bill provides a solid down payment toward the nation's 
infrastructure improvement needs by investing $540 million in 
the Economic Development Administration (EDA), an increase of 
$236 million above fiscal year 2019, including strong increases 
for EDA's Public Works program and other EDA programs. These 
funds provide the foundation for future growth in jobs and our 
standard of living.
    The bill helps expand economic growth in other ways. The 
recommendation includes a funding increase of ten percent for 
the Manufacturing Extension Partnership program, which helps 
small- and medium-sized U.S. manufacturers create jobs and 
expand business growth opportunities. A solid 7.1 percent 
increase in funding is provided for the International Trade 
Administration, to create jobs by expanding U.S. exports and 
fighting the unfair trade practices of other countries. A ten 
percent increase is provided for the Minority Business 
Development Agency, which helps create jobs and expand business 
growth opportunities among minority-owned U.S. companies. 
Furthermore, the full budget request of $3,450,681,000 is 
provided for the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO), to 
enable PTO to promote innovation in the United States by 
protecting our Nation's intellectual property rights both at 
home and abroad.
    The bill also ensures responsible investments in the future 
of our Nation's economy and workforce by providing strong 
increases for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
(STEM) education at the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration (NASA) and the National Science Foundation 
(NSF), and funding to initiate EDA's newly-authorized STEM 
Apprenticeship Pilot Program to create and expand STEM 
apprenticeships and other workforce training models.
    The bill prioritizes the Decennial Census by providing a 
strong funding increase to enable the Census Bureau to conduct 
a thorough and accurate 2020 Census that counts all persons, as 
required by the Constitution. Funding is included to enable 
responsible project management and strong cybersecurity 
protection for all aspects of the 2020 Census, as the Bureau 
mounts its largest-ever deployment of information technology 
resources throughout the country. The funding will also enable 
the Bureau to conduct a strong partnership and communications 
campaign to help maximize the number of persons filling out 
their census forms and minimize the need for costly follow-up 
activity by Census enumerators.
    The bill provides strong and responsible funding increases 
for critical efforts to better understand, and prepare for, the 
Earth's changing climate. Significant funding increases are 
provided for NASA Earth Science activities as well as for 
climate research activities of the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Both areas have been 
targeted by the Administration for large funding cuts. The 
recommendation also doubles funding for NOAA's Title IX 
National Oceans and Coastal Security Fund, from $30 million in 
fiscal year 2019 to $60 million in this bill. This competitive 
grant program funds natural infrastructure solutions to help 
protect coastal areas threatened by rising sea level and other 
impacts of climate change. The recommendation also includes 
solid funding increases for NOAA's Coastal Zone Management 
grant program, and to enhance the National Weather Service's 
ability to accurately forecast extreme weather events.
    The bill provides substantial resources to address the 
opioid epidemic. To assist State and local governments, the 
bill provides $501,000,000, an increase of $33,000,000 over 
fiscal year 2019, for grants authorized by the Comprehensive 
Addiction and Recovery Act and other opioid-related activities. 
For Federal law enforcement, the bill provides strong increases 
for U.S. Attorneys, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 
and other Federal law enforcement entities, including increases 
for the Drug Enforcement Administration and for Interagency 
Crime and Drug Enforcement to enhance Federal law enforcement's 
ability to investigate and prosecute traffickers in opioids and 
other dangerous drugs.
    The bill provides strong increases for State and local law 
enforcement assistance. For programs funded under the Violence 
Against Women Act, the bill provides $582,500,000, an increase 
of $85,000,000 above fiscal year 2019. For school safety, the 
bill provides $125,000,000, an increase of $25,000,000 over the 
current year, to fund the STOP School Violence Act of 2018. In 
addition, the bill increases funding for other activities that 
will address school violence such as active shooter training 
for police, youth mentoring, and violent crime and gang 
reduction programs. The bill also fully funds the FBI's 
National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) and 
provides an increase for grants to help States improve their 
submissions into the NICS system.
    The bill affirms a strong commitment to the civil rights of 
all Americans by providing strong increases for the Civil 
Rights Division of the Department of Justice as well as for the 
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Funding is also 
included in support of the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights 
Crimes Reauthorization Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-325) to 
investigate and prosecute previously unresolved civil rights 
era ``cold case'' murders suspected of having been racially 
motivated, through a partnership among the Criminal Section of 
the Civil Rights Division, the Civil Rights Unit of the FBI, 
the Community Relations Service, State and local law 
enforcement officials, and other eligible entities.
    The recommendation makes a strong commitment to ensuring 
access to justice for all Americans by providing $550,000,000 
for the Legal Services Corporation, an increase of $135,000,000 
above fiscal year 2019.
    The recommendation includes $75,000,000, as authorized 
under the First Step Act of 2018, to expand and develop 
opportunities for incarcerated individuals to participate in 
evidence-based, recidivism-reducing programming and productive 
activities.
    For NASA, the bill includes $22,315,000,000, which is an 
increase of $815,000,000 above fiscal year 2019, including 
strong funding levels for NASA's science, human exploration, 
space technology, aeronautics research, and STEM Education 
programs, many of which were targeted for reduction or 
elimination in the Administration's budget request.
    The recommendation makes other strong investments in 
science as well, providing $8,636,141,000 for the National 
Science Foundation, an increase of more than $560,000,000 above 
fiscal year 2019, and $751,000,000 for scientific and technical 
research and services of the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology, an increase of $26.5 million above fiscal year 
2019.

                      Oversight and Budget Review

    In furtherance of the Committee's oversight 
responsibilities and to protect hard-earned taxpayer dollars, 
the Committee has included language that:
           Withholds a portion of funds for Department 
        of Commerce, Departmental Management until a Census 
        Bureau information technology investment plan is 
        updated and submitted.
           Caps total life-cycle costs for programs 
        that have a record of poor performance.
           Prohibits funding for the National Technical 
        Information Service to charge customers for a copy of a 
        document generated by the Legislative Branch unless the 
        customer is informed how to receive an electronic copy 
        free online.
           Prohibits the Executive Office for 
        Immigration Review from using case completion quotas in 
        immigration judge performance evaluations.
           Maintains limitations on the Department of 
        Justice's use of non-appropriated funds, including the 
        Working Capital Fund and the Assets Forfeiture Fund.
           Requires quarterly reporting of unobligated 
        balances.
           Requires agencies procuring sensitive 
        information technology systems to conduct supply chain 
        risk assessments.
           Requires contractors and grantees receiving 
        more than $5,000,000 to certify that they are not 
        delinquent on their Federal taxes.
           Prohibits funds from being used to purchase 
        first class and premium airline travel.
           Limits the number of agency staff who can 
        attend overseas conferences.
           Requires agencies to track undisbursed grant 
        balances.
           Requires agencies to submit spending plans 
        for the Committee's review.
           Requires agencies to notify the Committee of 
        project cost overruns and mitigation plans.
           Requires agency computer networks to block 
        pornography.
    Paper Reduction Efforts.--The Committee urges the 
Departments of Commerce and Justice, the National Science 
Foundation, and NASA to work with the Office of Management and 
Budget to reduce printing and reproduction costs and directs 
each agency to report to the Committee within 60 days of 
enactment of this Act on the steps it has taken to achieve this 
goal. The report should specifically identify how much funding 
each agency expects to save by implementing these measures.
    Performance Measures.--The Committee directs each of the 
agencies funded by this Act to comply with title 31 of the 
United States Code, including the development of their 
organizational priority goals and outcomes such as performance 
outcome measures, output measures, efficiency measures, and 
customer service measures. The Committee directs all agencies 
funded by this Act to report on their implementation plans for 
these measures within 60 days of enactment of this Act.
    Customer Service.--The Committee continues to support 
efforts to improve customer service in accordance with 
Executive Order 13571--Streamlining Service Delivery and 
Improving Customer Service. The Committee directs all agencies 
funded by this Act to develop standards to improve customer 
service and incorporate the standards into the performance 
plans required under 31 U.S.C. 1115. The Committee directs all 
agencies funded by this Act to report on their implementation 
plans regarding this subject no later than 60 days after 
enactment of this Act.
    Federal Advertising.--The Committee understands that, as 
the largest advertiser in the United States, the Federal 
Government should work to ensure fair access to its advertising 
contracts for small disadvantaged businesses and businesses 
owned by minorities and women. The Committee directs each of 
the agencies funded by this Act to include the following 
information in its fiscal year 2021 budget justification: 
Expenditures for fiscal year 2019 and expected expenditures for 
fiscal years 2020 and 2021, respectively, for (1) all contracts 
for advertising services; and (2) contracts for the advertising 
services of all Small Business Administration-recognized 
socioeconomic subcategory-certified small businesses, as 
defined in the Small Business Act, and minority-owned 
businesses.
    Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency.--The 
Committee notes the importance of ensuring access to Federal 
services and programs for all persons with limited English 
proficiency. Therefore, the Committee directs agencies and 
programs funded in this Act to comply fully with the 
requirements of Executive Order 13166, ``Improving Access to 
Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency,'' and on 
an ongoing basis, review and improve their efforts to provide 
meaningful access to the programs, services, and information 
they provide.

                        Reprogramming Procedures

    Section 505 of the bill contains language concerning the 
reprogramming of funds between programs, projects, and 
activities. The Committee reminds the departments and agencies 
funded in this bill that the reprogramming process is based on 
comity between the Congress and the Executive Branch. This 
process is intended to provide departments and agencies enough 
flexibility to meet changing circumstances and emergent 
requirements not known at the time of congressional review of 
the budget while preserving congressional priorities and 
intent. In the absence of comity and respect for the 
prerogatives of the Appropriations Committees and the Congress 
in general, the Committee may opt to include specific program 
limitations and details in legislation and remove language 
providing the flexibility to reallocate funds. Under these 
circumstances, programs, projects, and activities become 
absolutes and the Executive Branch shall lose the ability to 
propose changes in the use of appropriated funds except through 
legislative action.
    Each department and agency funded in this bill shall follow 
the directions set forth in this bill and the accompanying 
report and shall not reallocate resources or reorganize 
activities except as provided herein. Reprogramming procedures 
shall apply to funds provided in this bill, unobligated 
balances from previous appropriations Acts that are available 
for obligation or expenditure in fiscal year 2020, and non-
appropriated resources such as fee collections that are used to 
meet program requirements in fiscal year 2020. As specified in 
section 505, the Committee expects that the Appropriations 
Subcommittees on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies of the House and Senate will be notified by letter a 
minimum of 15 days prior to any reprogramming of funds that--
    (1) creates or initiates a new program, project, or 
activity;
    (2) eliminates a program, project, or activity;
    (3) increases funds or personnel by any means for any 
project or activity for which funds have been denied or 
restricted;
    (4) relocates an office or employees;
    (5) reorganizes or renames offices, programs, or 
activities;
    (6) contracts out or privatizes any functions or activities 
presently performed by Federal employees;
    (7) augments existing programs, projects, or activities 
more than $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, or reduces 
by 10 percent funding for any program, project, or activity, or 
numbers of personnel by 10 percent; or
    (8) results from any general savings, including savings 
from a reduction in personnel, which would result in a change 
in existing programs, projects, or activities as approved by 
Congress.
    Any reprogramming request shall include any out-year 
budgetary impacts and a separate accounting of program or 
mission impacts on estimated carryover funds. The Committee 
further expects any department or agency funded in this bill 
that plans a reduction-in-force to notify the Committee by 
letter at least 30 days in advance of the date of any such 
planned personnel action.

            Relationship With Budget and Comptroller Offices

    Through the years the Appropriations Committee has 
channeled most of its inquiries and requests for information 
and assistance through the budget offices or comptroller 
organizations of the various departments, agencies, and 
commissions. Such relationships are necessary to accomplish the 
work of the Committee. While the Committee reserves the right 
to call upon all organizations in the departments, agencies and 
commissions for information and assistance, the primary contact 
between the Committee and these entities must be through the 
budget offices and comptroller organizations, or through a 
legislative affairs unit designated by the Committee to work on 
appropriations and budget matters.
    The workload generated in the budget process is large and 
growing; therefore, a positive, responsive relationship between 
the Committee and the budget and/or comptroller offices is 
essential for the Committee to fulfill the Constitutional 
appropriations responsibilities of Congress.

                                TITLE I


                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE


                   International Trade Administration


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends $530,000,000 in total resources 
for the programs of the International Trade Administration 
(ITA), which is $35,000,000 above fiscal year 2019 and 
$58,904,000 above the request. This amount is offset by 
$11,000,000 in estimated fee collections, resulting in a direct 
appropriation of $519,000,000, which is broken out in 
additional detail below. The recommendation fully supports the 
staffing requirements requested to help ITA provide critical 
expertise in both trade promotion and facilitation as well as 
enforcement. The Committee rejects the proposed $3,000,000 
rescission from ITA's unobligated balances.
    Industry and Analysis.--The recommendation provides 
$62,571,000 for Industry and Analysis, which is $10,020,000 
above fiscal year 2019. The recommendation includes $3,000,000 
for the Survey of International Air Travelers (SIAT).
    Enforcement and Compliance.--The recommendation funds 
Enforcement and Compliance at $94,844,000, which is $6,344,000 
above fiscal year 2019 and $1,000,000 above the requested 
amount to support an increase to ITA's proposed Anti-
Circumvention and Evasion Unit above the request. Duty 
circumvention and evasion schemes used by some foreign 
exporters and U.S. importers directly harm the U.S. 
manufacturing, agricultural, and aquaculture sectors. U.S. 
Customs and Border Protection (CBP) reports there are 
approximately 54,704 unpaid anti-dumping and countervailing 
duty (AD/CVD) bills covering the period from fiscal year 2011 
through 2016, totaling $2.8 billion in uncollected duties. As 
this new unit is established, the Committee directs ITA to work 
with its partner agencies that share a vested interest in 
combatting trade fraud and evasion to supplement its staffing 
needs. ITA is directed to provide quarterly briefings on its 
ongoing enforcement efforts to the Committee, specifically on 
AD/CVD casework.
    Global Markets.--The recommendation provides $338,635,000 
for Global Markets, $60,653,000 above the request and rejects 
the Administration's proposal to reduce export promotion and 
trade analysis efforts. The Committee looks forward to 
receiving the report on the U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service 
as directed in the explanatory statement accompanying Public 
Law 116-6. The Committee directs ITA to continue this report 
for fiscal year 2020 and include additional analysis on the 
location of, and services provided by, the U.S. Export 
Assistance Centers in relation to the location of small- and 
medium-sized enterprises that are exporters or potential 
exporters of products or services. The updated report shall 
identify those centers that serve disproportionately large 
numbers of small- and medium-sized enterprises. The Committee 
expects this report no later than 90 days after enactment of 
this Act.
    Executive Direction and Administration.--The recommendation 
provides $22,950,000 for Executive Direction and 
Administration.
    Human Rights Violations.--The Committee is concerned with 
violence and threats shown towards human rights activists 
around the world, and notes some of this has occurred in 
nations with which the United States has trade agreements with 
enforceable protections. The Committee encourages the ITA to 
more actively engage with trade partner nations to end these 
human rights violations.

                    Bureau of Industry and Security


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends $127,652,000 for the Bureau of 
Industry and Security (BIS) as requested and $9,602,000 above 
fiscal year 2019. Within the amount provided $6,244,000 is for 
Management and Policy Coordination; $69,126,000 is for Export 
Administration; and, $52,282,000 is for Export Enforcement, 
including the full requested amount for the Office of 
Antiboycott Compliance.
    The funds provided directly support BIS' staffing needs in 
Export Administration to support an increased caseload 
following the passage of the Foreign Investment Risk Review 
Modernization Act (FIRRMA) in 2018, which expanded the purview 
of the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States 
(CFIUS) and potentially quadruples the workload as compared to 
fiscal year 2019. Funding will also enable BIS to undertake 
increased responsibilities following the passage of the Export 
Control Reform Act of 2018 (ECRA) and fulfill its role in the 
identification and control of emerging and foundational 
technologies.
    The Committee has heard concerns about how exclusions under 
section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 have been 
implemented. The Committee directs the Department to report to 
the Committee within 60 days of enactment of this Act on the 
status of imports under the quota exclusions. Further, the 
Committee directs the Department to continue its quarterly 
reporting on the Section 232 exclusion process as described in 
the joint explanatory statement accompanying Public Law 116-6.

                  Economic Development Administration

    The Committee rejects the proposal to terminate the 
Economic Development Administration (EDA) and instead 
recommends $540,000,000 for the programs and administrative 
expenses of the EDA.

                ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    The Committee provides $498,350,000 for the Economic 
Development Assistance Programs account for grants to 
economically distressed areas. The Committee notes with deep 
concern the increasing levels of inequality in the Nation and 
sees EDA as a critical tool in ensuring a good job with a 
living wage for all Americans no matter where they live. As 
such, the Committee expects EDA to work more closely with 
communities that are underserved, be they in rural areas, 
impoverished neighborhoods of the biggest cities, or the 
forgotten corners of the Nation's territories. The Committee is 
particularly focused on communities that are experiencing 
economic transitions, including, but not limited to, 
communities impacted by the decline of the coal and nuclear 
industries as well as the shrinking manufacturing sector. The 
Committee also appreciates EDA's diligence in delivering 
economic assistance to areas of the Nation that have been 
impacted by recent disasters and urges continued focused 
attention on providing this aid.
    Funds are to be distributed as follows; any deviation of 
funds shall be subject to the procedures set forth in section 
505 of this Act:

 
 
 
Public Works..........................................      $250,000,000
Partnership Planning..................................       $35,000,000
Technical Assistance..................................       $12,750,000
Research and Evaluation...............................        $1,600,000
Trade Adjustment Assistance...........................       $15,000,000
Economic Adjustment Assistance........................       $97,000,000
Assistance to Coal Communities........................       $35,000,000
Regional Innovation Program...........................       $30,000,000
Assistance to Nuclear Closure Communities.............       $17,000,000
STEM Apprenticeship Pilot Program.....................        $5,000,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total.............................................      $498,350,000
 

    Assistance to Coal Communities.--The recommendation 
includes $35,000,000 for Assistance to Coal Communities, which 
represents an increase of $5,000,000 above the amount provided 
in fiscal year 2019. The Committee continues to be concerned 
about the impact of the downturn in the coal industry and 
directs EDA to continue implementing this program consistent 
with direction provided in fiscal year 2019. EDA shall continue 
to report to the Committee on its efforts to assist coal 
communities. The report shall include detailed information on 
how EDA and other Federal agencies have assisted coal 
communities to date and how the Federal Government plans to 
assist them in the future.
    The Committee further recognizes that abandoned coal-fired 
plants in coal communities must transition to new uses to 
return the sites to beneficial use. These plants often sit at 
key infrastructure choke points and could serve a variety of 
purposes to reinvigorate communities struggling to reinvent 
these industrial assets. The Committee therefore encourages EDA 
to prioritize projects to repurpose abandoned coal-fired 
plants.
    Public Works.--The Committee provides $250,000,000 for 
Public Works, which is $132,500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
level. The Committee encourages EDA to prioritize projects that 
are resilient to the changing climate as well as those that 
incorporate green infrastructure solutions.
    Regional Innovation Program.--The Committee encourages EDA 
to support the development of regional innovation clusters that 
focus on advanced wood products, which are a growing source of 
jobs in rural America and contribute to rural economic 
development. An initiative that successfully increased demand 
for wood products would also address several key land 
management priorities, including reducing forest treatment 
costs and wildfire risks. The Committee also urges EDA to 
invest in university based, high tech business incubators to 
encourage entrepreneurship and promote technology 
commercialization through business startups. Furthermore, this 
activity should support private-public partnerships for 
economic growth and job creation in areas of high unemployment.
    Nuclear Power Plant Closures.--The Committee notes that 
closures of nuclear power plants throughout the United States 
have had a significant impact on the economic foundations of 
surrounding communities through sudden job losses and a 
dramatic reduction to the local tax base. Additional plant 
closures are expected throughout the country in the coming 
years. The Committee appreciates the work EDA has undertaken to 
assist such communities in prior years and provides $17,000,000 
for competitive economic adjustment assistance to expand these 
efforts, which shall include, but not be limited to, public 
works investments and economic diversification initiatives in 
communities impacted by recent or scheduled nuclear power plant 
closures. The Committee directs the Department to report to the 
Committee no later than 90 days after enactment of this Act on 
the status of these efforts.
    STEM Apprenticeship Pilot Program.--The Committee notes 
that over the past decade, the growth in the number of jobs 
requiring sophisticated science, technology, engineering, and 
math (STEM) skills was three times faster than growth in non-
STEM jobs. Yet, U.S. employers have struggled to fill jobs in 
these fields. Because more than 50 percent of jobs that require 
STEM skills do not require a bachelor's degree, nontraditional 
higher education, such as apprenticeships, will be instrumental 
in meeting the urgent demand for a STEM-literate workforce. 
Therefore, the Committee provides $5,000,000 to establish a 
STEM Apprenticeship Pilot Program to provide grants to create 
and expand STEM apprenticeship and other workforce training 
models, as directed in section 312 of the American Innovation 
and Competitiveness Act (Public Law 114-329). The Committee 
further directs EDA to provide an implementation plan to the 
Committee which details the proposed launch of this pilot 
program within 90 days of enactment of this Act and prior to 
effectuating this plan.
    Persistent Poverty.--The Committee is concerned that 
pockets of high poverty in urban areas are often overlooked by 
the Federal Government because, in the aggregate, their need is 
often masked by their affluent neighbors. For purposes of this 
Act, the term ``high-poverty area'' means any census tract with 
a poverty rate of at least 20 percent as measured by the 2013-
2017 5-year data series available from the American Community 
Survey of the Census Bureau and the term ``persistent poverty 
counties'' means any county that has had 20 percent or more of 
its population living in poverty over the past 30 years, as 
measured by the 1990 and 2000 decennial censuses and the most 
recent Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates. When scoring 
competitive grant applications, EDA is directed to add 
additional priority, where practicable, to applications from 
grantees who can demonstrate that the individuals who will 
benefit from such grants reside in high-poverty areas or 
persistent poverty counties. In addition, EDA shall provide 
guidance to such prospective grantees, especially prior to 
their application submissions, including to help determine 
whether they qualify for additional priority. The Committee 
further directs the Department to submit a report to the 
Committee on the percentage of funds allocated by each program 
in fiscal years 2017, 2018, and 2019 and estimates for fiscal 
year 2020 to serve populations living in persistent poverty 
counties and high-poverty areas. The Department shall report 
this information to the Committee within 90 days of such data 
being available and provide a briefing to the Committee not 
later than 180 days after the enactment of this Act on how the 
Department is carrying out this directive.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $41,650,000 for EDA salaries 
and expenses.

                  Minority Business Development Agency


                     MINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    The recommendation includes $44,000,000 for the Minority 
Business Development Agency (MBDA), an increase of $4,000,000 
over fiscal year 2019. MBDA is the only Federal agency 
dedicated to promoting the growth of minority-owned firms and 
assists small, medium, and large minority business enterprises 
to expand business opportunities and create jobs. MBDA is 
directed to allocate most of its total appropriation, including 
most of its increase above fiscal year 2019, toward cooperative 
agreements, external awards, and grants, including not less 
than $11,500,000 to continue MBDA's traditional Business Center 
program and Specialty Project Center program. Within the 
increased funds, the Committee encourages MBDA to expand the 
number of Business Centers, with priority given to States 
according to their relative percentage of minority residents. 
Further, within the overall amount provided, the recommendation 
includes funding for MBDA to continue to carry out the duties 
assigned in the Native American Business Development, Trade 
Promotion, and Tourism Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-464).

                   Economic and Statistical Analysis


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends the requested amount of 
$107,990,000 for the Economics and Statistics Administration, 
$6,990,000 above fiscal year 2019. The recommendation 
consolidates the industry economic account within the national 
economic account to support the Bureau of Economic Analysis' 
(BEA) effort to harmonize the national, State, and industry 
release of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) data. Further, the 
Committee directs BEA to report to the Committee, no later than 
45 days after enactment of this Act, on the status of BEA's 
efforts to develop and begin reporting on income growth 
indicators by 2020, as referenced in the explanatory statement 
accompanying Public Law 116-6.
    The Committee applauds BEA's analysis of the impact of 
outdoor recreation on the U.S. economy and continues funding at 
no less than the amount spent in fiscal year 2019 for the 
Outdoor Recreation Satellite Account (ORSA) and directs the 
Department to continue working with the outdoor recreation 
industry, nongovernmental organizations, and other interested 
stakeholders to refine the national-level statistics and 
develop regional statistics. Additional guidance related to the 
ORSA is provided under Departmental Management.

                          Bureau of the Census

    The Committee recommends a total of $8,450,000,000 for the 
Bureau of the Census, which is $4,628,612,000 above fiscal year 
2019 and $2,300,595,000 above the request. The decennial census 
provides Congress with important information about our nation's 
growth and changes over the previous decade, and there is only 
one opportunity to make sure it is done right and that all are 
equally counted and represented. The recommendation allows the 
Census Bureau to carry out its constitutional mandate without 
the added concern of not having the resources it needs during 
its peak operational year due to the Administration's wholly 
inadequate budget request.
    Puerto Rico and U.S. territories.--The Committee directs 
the Census Bureau to include all citizens of the United States, 
including those in Puerto Rico and other offshore 
jurisdictions, in its estimates of U.S. resident population and 
other national statistics. The Committee looks forward to 
receiving the Bureau's analysis of the feasibility of including 
Puerto Rico in additional Census surveys and within Bureau of 
Justice Statistics data products as directed in House Report 
115-704 and recommends the Bureau include cost estimates as 
part of this study.
    Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Population Data 
Collection.--The Committee applauds the Census Bureau for 
taking an important step by including the marital status of 
same-sex couples as part of the 2020 Decennial Census. The 
Committee recognizes that the Census Bureau began collecting 
this information in 2013 in the American Community Survey. 
However, the fact remains that little else is known about the 
social and economic circumstances of the lesbian, gay, 
bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) population at large. The 
Committee believes this information would be useful to 
policymakers and researchers alike and therefore directs the 
Census Bureau, within the amounts provided, to study the 
feasibility of expanding data collection on the LGBT population 
in its future Federal population surveys and to report to the 
Committee no later than 180 days after enactment of this Act on 
its revised data collection plans.
    Language Assistance.--The Committee remains concerned about 
the availability of data on small population groups and the 
availability of language assistance for respondents to the 
Census surveys, including those who speak Asian languages, 
Pacific Islander languages, American Indian and Alaska Native 
languages, African languages, Spanish, and other languages. The 
Committee directs Census to provide an updated report within 60 
days of the enactment of this Act, identifying the languages 
spoken by respondent populations most in need of language 
assistance, along with the availability of interviewers and 
materials for persons speaking these languages, and the steps 
the Bureau will take to reach these respondents and otherwise 
ensure the availability and accuracy of data for small 
population groups. The Bureau is directed to communicate this 
information on a regular basis to Census Telephone Centers and 
regional offices to address emerging needs.

                      CURRENT SURVEYS AND PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $275,000,000 for Current Surveys 
and Programs, which is $5,000,000 above fiscal year 2019 and 
$10,995,000 above the request.
    Current Economic Statistics.--The recommendation provides 
the requested level of $185,283,000 to support Census programs 
that provide critical data to both public and private 
stakeholders about the structure and function of the U.S. 
economy in areas of business, construction, manufacturing, and 
general economic statistics including e-commerce that 
ultimately lead to a more precise measure of the Nation's Gross 
Domestic Product (GDP).
    Current Demographic Statistics.--The recommendation 
provides $89,717,000 for these programs that local governments 
rely on to monitor social and economic changes within the 
population to aid decision making. The recommendation restores 
funding to continue the level of effort for the Survey of 
Income and Program Participation (SIPP) at the fiscal year 2018 
level to ensure statistically reliable estimates, and fully 
supports the Census Bureau's efforts to evaluate and improve 
the supplemental poverty measure.

                     PERIODIC CENSUSES AND PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total of $8,175,000,000 for 
Periodic Censuses and Programs, which is $4,623,612,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 level and $2,289,600,000 above the 
request. Bill language withholding the availability of funds 
until the delivery of the Census Enterprise Data Collection and 
Processing (CEDCaP) spend plan is included under Departmental 
Management to ensure continuity in operations for the Census 
Bureau during peak operations. The recommendation provides for 
a transfer of $3,556,000 to the Department of Commerce Office 
of Inspector General (OIG) for oversight and auditing of the 
Census Bureau.
    Demographic Statistics Programs.--The recommendation 
includes $7,801,453,000 to support the 2020 Decennial Census 
and the American Community Survey.
    2020 Decennial Census.--The decennial census is a 
cornerstone of our Constitution and vital tool to not only 
apportion congressional seats in the U.S. House of 
Representatives, but also to help Congress make better-informed 
decisions on how to fairly distribute over $675 billion in 
annual Federal funds including, community development block 
grants, homeland security grants, funding for first responders, 
special education, rural business enterprise grants, and much 
more. The 2020 Census is expected to be the largest and most 
technologically advanced census in its 230-year history as it 
embraces new technology and data collection methods. For the 
first time, households will have multiple options to fill out 
their census form including online, over the phone, or in the 
traditional paper format. While the Committee embraces the 
Bureau's efforts to modernize the 2020 Census, it expects the 
Bureau to continue to focus on serving communities without 
reliable broadband services and households lacking Internet 
access or familiarity.
    In fiscal year 2018, Congress included approximately $1.1 
billion above the President's fiscal year 2018 request towards 
2020 preparation activities to ensure a smooth transition 
through the fiscal year into fiscal year 2019. This foresight 
proved vital during the longest partial government shutdown in 
U.S. history as the Census Bureau was able to maintain 2020 
Census operations uninterrupted throughout the continuing 
resolution and the funding lapse. While the Committee 
recognizes there is prior-year funding available, the 
Administration's assumption that approximately $1.02 billion of 
this funding will remain available to offset fiscal year 2020 
costs is disingenuous and appears to rely on the assumption 
that Congress will supplement its budget needs when it becomes 
evident the President's request is inadequate. The Committee 
does not intend to put the 2020 Census at risk during the most 
critical year of its operation.
    The Committee includes half of the proposed carryover back 
into the base budget for 2020 response operations and 
Information Technology (IT) infrastructure requirements. 
Further, the Committee provides a total of $496,265,000 for the 
program management of the 2020 Census and encourages the Census 
to expeditiously hire current vacancies highlighted by GAO to 
ensure proper oversight of the IT systems conducting the 2020 
Census. The Committee rejects the Administration's proposed 
$30,764,000 reduction to the Census Survey and Engineering 
activities, which is needed to manage the continued delivery of 
systems needed to meet 2020 performance and scalability 
requirements. Additionally, the Committee restores the 
``Secretarial Contingency'' originally submitted by the 
Secretary of Commerce in 2017 as part of the updated 2020 
Census lifecycle cost estimate. The Committee believes having 
adequate contingency funding for many of the unknown variables 
that the Census Bureau will likely encounter throughout the 
remainder of calendar year 2019 and into 2020 will enable 
Census to address emergent concerns quickly and without 
additional congressional action. To that end, the Committee 
recommendation also includes an additional $220,000,000 above 
the request to its risk-based contingency and a $500,000,000 
increase from its requested amount for non-response follow-up 
activities to ensure that the Census Bureau can employ an 
aggressive follow-up strategy if the self-response rate drops 
lower than anticipated or the amount for which it has budgeted 
for.
    As the Census Bureau prepares for its inaugural year with 
an online decennial portal, the Committee recognizes that the 
Bureau may be more susceptible to cyberattacks by nefarious 
actors who may wish to undermine the 2020 Decennial Census 
statistics or interfere with participant self-response. The 
recommendation includes an additional $253,000,000 in 
contingency funds for Census IT infrastructure consistent with 
the Department's 2017 lifecycle cost estimate. The Committee 
understands that the Census Bureau is actively working with the 
Cyber Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) under the 
Department of Homeland Security as well as private stakeholders 
who specialize in cyber security. The Committee directs the 
Bureau to brief the Committee quarterly on actions taken to 
protect the security of the online platform as well as personal 
data beginning no later than 30 days after enactment of this 
Act.
    While the Committee remains hopeful that individuals will 
elect to self-respond to the decennial survey, the 2020 Census 
faces many hurdles with hard-to-reach communities. The 
Committee has previously directed the Bureau to prioritize a 
strong engagement strategy with partners and trusted voices in 
the community. The Committee recommends the Census Bureau take 
steps to develop the Mobile Response Initiative as described in 
the Bureau's report to the Committee on increasing the number 
of temporary Census offices and partnership staff to support 
the 2020 Census. The Committee supports such initiatives and 
encourages the Census Bureau to concentrate its efforts in hard 
to count communities and work with State, local, and tribal 
partners to identify locations for the Mobile Response 
Initiative to target. To that end, the Committee provides an 
additional $100,000,000 above the request towards these 
efforts.
    An additional challenge the Census Bureau faces is public 
perception of its intended use of the data it collects. In 
January 2019, the Census released the 2020 Census Barriers, 
Attitudes, and Motivators Study (CBAMS) Focus Group Final 
Report that provides a summary of feedback among individuals 
who are at risk of low self-response, including but not limited 
to racial and ethnic minorities. The report concluded that many 
of these participants felt they were politically targeted and 
conveyed a palpable fear that the government would use their 
census information against them. Many participants have an 
overwhelmingly negative perception of the citizenship question 
itself, which strongly affects their willingness to 
participate. The Committee stresses the importance of non-
response follow-up fieldwork to ensure every person is counted, 
especially those historically inclined to not respond or 
difficult to identify and locate, including those with limited 
access to internet or broadband infrastructure. The Committee 
directs the Census Bureau to continue its outreach and 
collaboration with community partner advocates to ensure the 
most accurate count possible.
    The Committee recognizes the Census Bureau's efforts to 
increase language assistance for the 2020 Census by more than 
doubling the amount of languages supported both through 
telephonic support and in its advertising materials as compared 
to 2010. Additionally, in 2020 the Census Bureau will include 
59 non-English languages, including braille, to its language 
guides. The Census Bureau is encouraged to continue 
establishing key partnerships and hire those with language 
skills outside of those languages covered through telephonic 
support for the 2020 Census.
    The Committee remains concerned that the 2020 Census is a 
Government Accountability Office (GAO) high-risk area as Census 
Day approaches, with GAO recommendations remaining open to: (1) 
ensure key innovations will function as planned; (2) strengthen 
the management and oversight of all IT programs, systems, and 
contractors supporting the decennial; (3) better address its 
cybersecurity weaknesses identified by the Department of 
Homeland Security (DHS); and (4) refine reliable cost 
estimates. To aid the Committee in its oversight function, the 
Bureau shall continue its quarterly updates to the Committee on 
the status of implementing GAO recommendations regarding the 
2020 Census.
    American Community Survey.--The data that the American 
Community Survey (ACS) collects is critical for communities 
nationwide as it is the only source of annual data on 
education, employment, income, housing costs, veterans' issues, 
and a host of other topics. The recommendation includes 
$218,000,000 for this effort, as requested, and the Bureau is 
directed to continue the associated quarterly briefing to the 
Committee.
    According to the Census Bureau, expanding data collection 
annually for the ACS to Guam, American Samoa, the Northern 
Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, would create 
additional cost and respondent burdens to ensure reliable 
estimates for these areas. Based on the report's findings and 
recommendations, the Committee encourages the Census Bureau to 
include these territories in future surveys where feasible and 
within available resources until changes to the survey are 
authorized. The Committee also directs Census to increase 
outreach activities to historically undercounted communities, 
including colonias, and to submit a report to the Committee 
detailing these efforts within 60 days of enactment of this 
Act.
    Periodic Economic Statistics.--The Committee recommends 
$139,607,000 for the Economic Statistics programs, as 
requested, to support the sixth year of the 2017 Economic 
Census, and preparations for the 2022 Economic Census, and the 
2022 Census of Governments. The Committee recognizes the Census 
Bureau's efforts to reduce costs through its use of 
administrative records.
    Geographic Support.--The Committee provides $61,164,000 for 
the Geographic Support program.
    Enterprise Data Collection and Dissemination Systems 
(EDCaDS).--The Committee supports the Bureau's efforts to 
develop a more flexible, automated, and secure enterprise 
architecture that will enable Census to realize economies of 
scale to support data collection efforts and provides 
$169,220,000 for EDCaDS. The amount includes an additional 
$3,228,000 above the request to support the planning and 
delivery of these systems post-decennial to ensure a smooth 
transition of the current systems to new work for other 
demographic and economic surveys, the 2022 Economic Census, and 
early tests for the 2030 Census. The Bureau shall continue to 
provide quarterly briefings regarding the status of its data 
systems as directed in House Report 115-704.

       National Telecommunications and Information Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $42,441,000 for the National 
Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), which 
is $2,941,000 above fiscal year 2019. The recommendation is 
distributed as shown in the table below:

 
 
 
Domestic and International Policy.....................       $10,423,000
Spectrum Management...................................         7,962,000
Advanced Communications Research......................         8,180,000
Broadband Programs....................................        15,606,000
Public Safety Communications..........................           270,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total.............................................       $42,441,000
 

    The recommendation adopts and fully funds the 
Administration's proposal to establish a new program activity, 
``Public Safety Communications'', intended to ensure those who 
serve in our State and local public safety sectors are provided 
with the tools and expertise needed to remain on pace with 
advances in technology through NTIA's Next Generation 911 
(NG911) program. However, the Committee does not include the 
creation of a new, unauthorized program under NTIA to negotiate 
private leases. While the Committee expects to be kept informed 
about the status of this and other legislative proposals while 
the Department works with the appropriate authorizing 
committees, the Committee cannot recognize the proposals as 
relevant to the Committee's appropriations work until 
legislation has been proposed and enacted into law.
    National Telecommunications Role in Hate Crimes.--In 1993, 
NTIA released a groundbreaking report, ``The Role of 
Telecommunications in Hate Crimes'' regarding the use of 
electronic communications to disseminate and promote hate. 
However, despite the exponential growth of the internet since 
that time and the concerning rise in violent hate crimes that 
may be facilitated by various electronic media, the report has 
not been updated. The Committee directs NTIA, in coordination 
with the Department of Justice, to provide an update to its 
prior report to Congress no later than one year after the date 
of enactment of this Act. The new report should analyze the use 
of new forms of electronic media in advocating and encouraging 
the commission of hate crimes and include any recommendations 
to address such use of telecommunications, consistent with the 
First Amendment.
    Broadband Programs.--According to the Federal 
Communications Commission's 2018 Broadband Deployment Report, 
it is estimated that 25 million Americans still lack access to 
affordable, reliable, modern high-speed broadband capability, 
of which 19 million or 75 percent, live in rural areas. The 
recommendation funds the continuation of the broadband mapping 
effort started in the fiscal year 2018 and 2019 appropriations 
Acts. An updated map will help identify, for policy makers and 
providers, regions with insufficient service.
    Rural Broadband Coordination.--The Committee continues 
prior year direction to NTIA to coordinate with the Rural 
Utilities Service, the Federal Communications Commission, and 
other related Federal agencies to ensure that policies tied to 
one Federal program do not undermine the objectives and 
functionality of another. The Committee encourages NTIA to 
continue working with the rural communications industry to 
identify and pursue ways to continue broadband deployment and 
adoption, and directs NTIA to submit a report on its efforts no 
later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act. 
Further, the Committee continues to encourage NTIA to place 
equal priority on the deployment of the Nationwide Public 
Safety Broadband Network (NPSBN) in rural communities as it 
does in urban areas.
    Outcome-Based Measures.--The Committee directs NTIA to 
include outcome-based goals and performance measures for its 
broadband adoption and availability work in its performance 
plan as soon as practicable.
    Spectrum Management.--The Committee recognizes that 
ensuring access to key portions of spectrum for radio astronomy 
observations, environmental observations, and other scientific 
purposes is essential for scientific discovery. The Committee 
encourages NTIA, in coordination with FCC and other appropriate 
stakeholders, to preserve spectrum access for scientific 
purposes as commercial use of radio spectrum increases. The 
Committee looks forward to the report highlighting NTIA's 
ongoing efforts on this front.

               United States Patent and Trademark Office


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $3,450,681,000 for the United 
States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO), the full amount of 
fiscal year 2020 fee collections estimated by the Congressional 
Budget Office. PTO shall continue to provide the Committee 
monthly reports on PTO's actual and projected fee collections, 
application volumes, performance, and staffing.
    Patent End-2-End (PE2E).--PTO shall continue to provide 
quarterly reports to the Committee on the status of PE2E, 
including the proposed retirement of legacy systems, cost 
savings associated with those retirements, and any efficiencies 
achieved in patent processing because of these investments.

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

    The Committee recommends $1,040,172,000 for National 
Institutes of Standards and Technology (NIST), which is 
$54,672,000 above fiscal year 2019.

             SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL RESEARCH AND SERVICES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $751,000,000 for NIST's Scientific 
and Technical Research and Services (STRS) programs, which is 
$26,500,000 above fiscal year 2019 and $139,281,000 above the 
request. The Committee also rejects the proposed reductions to 
Laboratory Programs, Corporate Services, and Standards 
Coordination and Special Programs and provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 level for those programs.
    Quantum Information Science.--Within funds appropriated for 
STRS, the Committee provides no less than $8,000,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 level for Quantum Information Science, as 
authorized in the National Quantum Initiative Act to support 
and expand basic and applied quantum information science and 
technology research and development (R&D) of measurement 
science and standards. Further, the Committee encourages NIST 
to expand its collaboration with other entities, including 
industry, universities, and Federal laboratories, to help 
advance the field of quantum information science and 
engineering.
    Artificial Intelligence (AI).--The recommendation includes 
$4,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 level for Artificial 
Intelligence that has the potential to produce transformative 
technologies and scientific breakthroughs that will improve 
Americans' lives.
    Textile research.--The Committee recognizes the importance 
of the U.S. textile industry and encourages NIST to pursue 
advanced textile and apparel research, including manufacturing 
techniques.
    Greenhouse Gas Program and Urban Dome Initiative.--The 
Committee recognizes the significant value in NIST's Greenhouse 
Gas Program and Urban Dome initiative that seeks to leverage 
existing high-spatial density regional monitoring networks and 
external R&D partnerships. These cost-effective capabilities 
substantially expand and broaden NIST laboratory capabilities 
for investigating and developing measurement tools that support 
independent means for determining the accuracy of emissions 
inventory data at urban and regional scales. The Committee has 
included no less than $100,000 above the fiscal year 2019 level 
of funding for the Greenhouse Gas Program and Urban Dome 
Initiative to continue and expand sensor network deployments.
    Cybersecurity and Privacy.--The proliferation of data 
generation, storage, and use associated with the digital 
economy is making it increasingly important to protect that 
data with effective cryptography and privacy standards. The 
Committee is concerned that individual, corporate, and public-
sector data privacy is continuously at risk from attacks by 
individual actors, criminal organization, and nation-states. 
The Committee urges NIST to address the rapidly emerging 
threats in this field by furthering the development of new and 
needed cryptographic standards and technologies.
    Metals-Based Additive Manufacturing.--The Committee 
provides up to $5,000,000 for competitive external grants for 
academic institutions to support research, development, and 
workforce training to overcome barriers to high-volume additive 
manufacturing of metals. While the Committee is aware of recent 
breakthroughs in metals-based additive manufacturing, major 
technical barriers still exist to dramatically improving build 
rates that would enable commercial markets to benefit from 
high-volume, metals-based additive manufacturing.
    Pyrrhotite in Concrete Aggregate.--NIST shall consider 
establishing standards for acceptable levels of pyrrhotite in 
concrete aggregate and shall continue providing technical 
assistance to those interested in pyrrhotite detection, 
prevention, and mitigation tools.
    Forward Looking Building Standards.--The Committee is 
concerned about how climate change will impact the built 
environment, and that standards previously set with an 
assumption of a stable climate system will expose many Federal 
and non-Federal investments to significant, but avoidable, 
risk. Therefore, the Committee directs NIST, in collaboration 
with other appropriate Federal agencies and interested non-
Federal parties, to identify a consistent and authoritative set 
of climate information that emphasizes forward-looking climate 
data and projections that should be utilized in the standard-
setting process. This effort shall serve to aid both Federal 
and non-Federal bodies to develop standards, building codes, 
and voluntary standards that take into account increasingly 
extreme weather events and other climate change challenges.
    Regenerative Medicine Standards.--The Committee is pleased 
that NIST, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Standards 
Coordinating Body continue to work to implement the 
regenerative medicine standards provisions enacted in the 21st 
Century Cures Act (Public Law 114-255). Currently, work is 
underway to develop processes and criteria for identifying, 
prioritizing, and assessing the quality, safety, feasibility, 
and cost-benefit of such standards. This work will create a 
foundation that allows industry, regulatory authorities, and 
other stakeholders to reduce barriers to regenerative medicine 
research and product development and accelerate the market 
readiness of these life-changing medical treatments.
    Forensic Sciences.--The Committee provides $1,500,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 amount for forensic science research. 
Additionally, the Committee provides $3,000,000 to support the 
Organization of 22 Scientific Area Committees and $1,000,000 to 
support technical merit evaluations previously funded by 
transfer from the Department of Justice.
    5G Telecommunications.--The Committee notes the importance 
of the development of 5G telecommunications technologies as a 
matter of job creation, economic development, and national 
security. The Committee is concerned with a lack of criteria 
and processes to evaluate evolving threats associated with 
emerging telecommunications technologies. The Committee also 
recognizes the importance of efficient spectrum use in the 
development of 5G networks. The Committee urges NIST to 
accelerate efforts to coordinate among industry to promote 
voluntary security standards and the development of measurement 
tools to increase spectrum efficiency.

                     INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SERVICES

    The Committee recommends $169,172,000 for Industrial 
Technology Services, which is $14,172,000 above fiscal year 
2019. The Committee rejects the Administration's proposed 
elimination of the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) 
program and provides $154,000,000 for MEP as well as 
$15,172,000 for the National Network for Manufacturing 
Innovation, also known as ``Manufacturing USA.''
    Cybersecurity Training.--Within the increase to MEP, the 
Committee directs NIST to maintain the core services of the MEP 
and encourages NIST to utilize existing expertise within its 
Information Technology Laboratory to increase cybersecurity 
technical training to small manufacturers to strengthen their 
cybersecurity capabilities given the troubling threats from 
state and non-state actors and other emerging threats.

                  CONSTRUCTION OF RESEARCH FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends $120,000,000 for NIST 
construction. NIST shall continue to provide updates on the 
projects funded within this account, to include milestones and 
total amount of funding necessary for completion.
    Safety, Capacity, Maintenance, and Major Repairs (SCMMR).--
Within the amount provided for Construction of Research 
Facilities, the agreement includes no less than $77,500,000 for 
NIST to address its most pressing SCMMR projects.

            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    The Committee recommends a total of $5,478,974,000 in 
discretionary funds for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA), which is $54,279,000 above fiscal year 
2019 and $1,022,006,000 above the President's request. The 
Committee notes that the proposed decrease in Procurement, 
Acquisitions, and Construction (PAC) for fiscal year 2020 
reflects the anticipated reduction in NOAA's flagship weather 
satellite programs as they enter the operational phase and the 
funding reduction is not intended to, nor is it expected to, 
have any deleterious impact on NOAA's mission.
    Extramural research.--The Committee continues to support 
NOAA's ongoing collaboration with academia and the private 
sector through cooperative institutes and competitive research. 
These relationships build broad community engagement, leverage 
external funding for mission-oriented research, strengthen the 
science within NOAA, and advance scientific knowledge.
    Tribal support.--The Committee encourages NOAA to support 
mitigation and relocation efforts of coastal tribal communities 
that are seeking to mitigate the threat of severe weather 
storms and promote public safety.
    Shellfish genetics.--The recommendation includes up to 
$10,000,000 to improve shellfish survival and growth rates and 
to classify and preserve the natural genetic variation of 
shellfish. NOAA is encouraged to support regional partnerships 
to classify and preserve natural genetic variation in 
shellfish. Further, the Committee encourages NOAA to examine 
the feasibility of tracking its efforts at the species level.

                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$4,105,907,000 under Operations, Research, and Facilities (ORF) 
for the coastal, fisheries, marine, weather, satellite, and 
other programs of NOAA. This total funding consists of 
$3,910,625,000 in direct appropriations, a transfer of 
$177,782,000 from balances in the ``Promote and Develop Fishery 
Products and Research Pertaining to American Fisheries'' 
account and $17,500,000 derived from recoveries of prior year 
obligations. The direct appropriation of $3,910,625,000 is 
$313,628,000 above fiscal year 2019 and $852,242,000 above the 
President's request.
    The following narrative and tables identify the specific 
activities and funding levels included in this Act.
    National Ocean Service.--The recommendation provides 
$642,000,000 for National Ocean Service (NOS) Operations, 
Research, and Facilities, an increase of $60,433,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 level and $272,295,000 above the President's 
request. As noted in the U.S. Global Change Research Program's 
Fourth National Climate Assessment, the world's oceans and the 
Great Lakes are increasingly stressed by the warming climate 
and the absorption of carbon pollution from the atmosphere. 
Similarly, increases in extreme weather and rising sea levels 
are impacting coastal areas. In response, the Committee invests 
in programs within NOS that aim to enhance the resiliency of 
coastal assets and to understand and mitigate the changing 
ecological threats to our oceans and the Great Lakes.

                         NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Navigation, Observations, and Positioning
  Navigation, Observations, and Positioning.............        $159,000
  Hydrographic Survey Priorities/Contracts..............          32,000
  Integrated Ocean Observing System Regional                      40,500
   Observations.........................................
                                                         ---------------
Navigation, Observations, and Positioning...............         231,500
                                                         ===============
Coastal Science and Assessment
  Coastal Science, Assessment, Response and Restoration.          84,500
  Competitive External Research.........................          20,000
                                                         ---------------
Coastal Science and Assessment..........................         104,500
                                                         ===============
Ocean and Coastal Management and Services
  Coastal Zone Management and Services..................          46,500
  Coastal Management Grants.............................          81,000
  Title IX Fund.........................................          60,000
  Coral Reef Program....................................          33,000
  National Estuarine Research Reserve System............          29,000
  Sanctuaries and Marine Protected Areas................          56,500
                                                         ---------------
Ocean and Coastal Management and Services...............         306,000
                                                         ===============
Total, National Ocean Service, Operations, Research, and        $642,000
 Facilities.............................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Navigation, Observations, and Positioning.--The Committee 
provides $159,000,000 for Navigation, Observations, and 
Positioning and rejects the Administration's proposed 
reductions in funding for repair and replacement of Coastal 
Observing Assets and the Coastal Mapping Program. The 
recommendation also rejects the Administration's elimination of 
the competitive Regional Geospatial Modeling Grants program and 
directs NOAA to continue funding no less than the amount 
provided in fiscal year 2019. The Committee additionally 
continues funding for the Physical Oceanographic Real-Time 
System, or PORTS, at no less than the fiscal year 2019 level.
    Hydrographic Survey Priorities/Contracts.--The Committee 
rejects the proposed reduction to Hydrographic Survey 
Priorities/Contracts and directs NOAA to maintain its prior 
year level of effort.
    Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS).--The 
recommendation includes $40,500,000 for Integrated Ocean 
Observing System Regional Observations and rejects the 
elimination of IOOS grants. The Committee supports IOOS' 
efforts to expand its use of underwater gliders and encourages 
NOAA to fill critical gaps in the current surface mapping 
system and to ensure streamlined access to data for weather 
forecasting, detection of ecological phenomena, and safe 
maritime operations.
    Coastal Science, Assessment, Response, and Restoration.--
The Committee provides $84,500,000 for Coastal Science 
Assessment, Response, and Restoration, including $2,000,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 level for the Marine Debris program 
to address the pervasive problem of pollution in coastal waters 
around the country. The Committee encourages NOS to coordinate 
with States, territories, and local communities on efforts to 
remove debris from the marine environment and the Great Lakes, 
with a goal of developing a cost-effective programmatic 
solution to land-generated marine debris.
    Further, the Committee rejects the proposed elimination of 
the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) which, 
amongst many other things, does critical national security work 
on the changing Arctic region and the impact of rising sea 
levels on our military installations. The Committee directs 
NOAA to invest in updating scientific equipment at NCCOS within 
the amounts provided to Coastal Science, Assessment, Response, 
and Restoration.
    NOAA is further directed to develop new in-situ sensors and 
technology and expand deployment of new and existing in-situ 
sensors to increase monitoring and understanding of natural 
phenomena such as harmful algal blooms and hypoxia--especially 
where insufficient data is currently available to provide high 
resolution ecological forecasts. As part of this work, the 
Committee encourages NOAA to expand partnerships with academic 
institutions, the private sector, State governments, and other 
Federal agencies.
    Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs).--The Committee remains highly 
concerned about the increasing prevalence of harmful algal 
blooms in every U.S. State and territory and the corresponding 
impacts on human health, drinking water, fisheries, and the 
broader economy. The Committee provides $20,000,000 to 
Competitive Research, including not less than $10,000,000 for 
HABs research. This research should prioritize further 
development of methods of intervention and mitigation to reduce 
the frequency, severity, and impacts of HAB events in 
freshwater and saltwater systems and provide special attention 
to research in areas most economically and environmentally 
impacted by HABs.
    The recommendation provides no less than $1,750,000 for a 
study to update the estimated annual economic impacts from 
marine and freshwater HABs in the United States based on new 
information published since 2006 when the last national 
economic impacts were reported. The study shall include impacts 
related to public health, drinking water treatment, commercial 
fisheries, property values, recreation and tourism, and 
monitoring and management. The study shall also include an 
assessment of the estimated annual economic impacts in those 
U.S. States and territories most impacted by HABs. For all 
HABs-related work, the Committee encourages NOAA to coordinate 
with the Interagency Working Group on the Harmful Algal Bloom 
and Hypoxia Research and Control Act.
    Seafloor Mapping.--The Committee encourages NOS to perform 
high-priority, cooperative habitat mapping in currently 
unmapped and disaster-prone areas, with priority given to areas 
where oil exploration is under consideration to better 
understand long-term implications.
    Coastal Zone Management.--The Committee provides 
$46,500,000 for Coastal Zone Management. The recommendation 
rejects the reduction to Integrated Water Prediction, and 
instead provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 level. 
Within these funds, the recommendation also includes a 
$2,000,000 increase over the fiscal year 2019 level for 
Regional Ocean Data Portals.
    Coastal Zone Management Grants and Title IX Fund.--The 
Committee does not approve the Administration's proposed 
elimination of the Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Grants and the 
Title IX Fund, which are critical programs for preparing 
coastal areas for measurably rising sea levels. The 
recommendation instead includes $81,000,000 for CZM Grants. The 
Committee also provides $60,000,000 for Title IX Fund grants, 
which are to be executed consistent with the approach used in 
fiscal year 2019.
    Coral Reefs.--The Committee is alarmed by the deterioration 
of the Nation's coral reefs, which are suffering from record 
levels of bleaching and disease. The recommendation therefore 
includes $33,000,000, which is $6,893,000 above the President's 
request for the Coral Reef Program. The Committee also rejects 
the proposed reduction for Innovative Coral Reef Restoration 
Initiatives. Within the increased funding, NOAA shall expand 
its collaborative work with external academic partners to 
advance the goals of the National Coral Reef Action Strategy by 
conducting scientific research for the conservation of corals 
and coral reef ecosystems, especially those that are 
experiencing an increasing prevalence of disease outbreaks.
    National Estuarine Research Reserve System.--The Committee 
rejects the proposed elimination of the National Estuarine 
Research Reserve System and instead provides a $2,000,000 
increase over the fiscal year 2019 level for this important 
partnership between NOAA and the coastal States and territories 
that protects and studies estuarine systems.
    Sanctuaries and Marine Protected Areas.--The Committee 
provides $56,500,000 for Sanctuaries and Marine Protected 
Areas, which is $5,061,000 above the President's request.
    National Marine Fisheries Service.--The Committee 
recommends $954,650,000 for National Marine Fisheries Service 
(NMFS), Operations, Research, and Facilities, which is 
$142,982,000 above the President's request.

                    NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Protected Resources Science and Management
  Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, and Other Species........        $124,000
  Species Recovery Grants...............................           7,500
  Atlantic Salmon.......................................           6,500
  Pacific Salmon........................................          66,420
                                                         ---------------
Protected Resources Science and Management..............         204,420
                                                         ===============
2018 Recertification of the Pacific Salmon Treaty.......          30,000
                                                         ===============
Fisheries Science and Management
  Fisheries and Ecosystem Science Programs and Services.         150,000
  Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys, and Assessments..         171,000
  Observers and Training................................          45,100
  Fisheries Management Programs and Services............         124,000
  Aquaculture...........................................          13,005
  Salmon Management Activities..........................          37,000
  Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions...........          41,500
  Interjurisdictional Fisheries Grants..................           3,500
                                                         ---------------
Fisheries Science and Management........................         585,105
                                                         ===============
Enforcement.............................................          73,500
                                                         ===============
Habitat Conservation and Restoration....................          61,625
                                                         ===============
Total, National Marine Fisheries Service, Operations,           $954,650
 Research, and Facilities...............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent Application of Regulations.--Within 90 days of 
enactment of this Act, NMFS shall provide a report to the 
Committee that examines how guidance is being implemented and 
its consistency across NMFS regions, specifically with regard 
to the issue of the consideration of the effects of existing 
structures in conducting Endangered Species Act consultations 
under section 7(a)(2). Further, NMFS shall complete an 
assessment of what is causing any observed permit delays and 
propose measures to improve the permit approval process.
    Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, and Other Species.--The 
recommendation includes $124,000,000 for Marine Mammals, Sea 
Turtles, and Other Species. Within this amount, the Committee 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 level for Endangered 
Species Act and Marine Mammal Protection Act Permitting 
Capacity and no less than $4,000,000 for the John H. Prescott 
Marine Mammal Rescue Assistance grant program.
    Sea Turtles.--The Committee provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level for NMFS to continue 
scientifically advisable operations of, and full funding for, 
ongoing work on endangered and threatened sea turtle 
conservation, including captive sea turtle rearing and Turtle 
Excluder Device research and certification to reduce sea turtle 
bycatch. NOAA committed to Congress that it would continue its 
sea turtle stranding and rehabilitation programs until it found 
suitable non-governmental partners to take over this program in 
full. Therefore, NMFS is directed to maintain adequate capacity 
of the sea turtle stranding and rehabilitation program until it 
can assure Congress that those critical activities have been 
fully transferred to partner organizations.
    Southern Resident Killer Whales.--Within the amount 
provided for Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, and Other Species, 
the Committee provides not less than $1,500,000 for the 
Southern Resident Killer Whales program to increase research 
and monitoring to improve the recovery of the species.
    North Atlantic Right Whale.--The Committee remains 
concerned that North Atlantic right whale populations continue 
to be critically low. Therefore, the Committee rejects the 
President's proposal to reduce funds and instead provides 
$1,000,000 above the President's budget request within Marine 
Mammals, Sea Turtles, and Other Species for research and 
monitoring of North Atlantic right whales, to better understand 
how the species interacts with fisheries and shipping traffic, 
and how it is adapting to changing ocean conditions and 
shifting feeding grounds. Further, the Committee encourages 
NOAA to prioritize development of a habitat suitability index, 
along with aerial surveys and passive acoustic monitoring in 
the waters of the Northeast U.S. region and development of 
long-term tagging methods.
    Species Recovery Grants.--The Committee rejects the 
proposed reduction for Species Recovery Grants and recommends 
$1,504,000 above the President's request.
    Hatchery and Genetic Management Plans.--The Committee 
provides $66,420,000 for Pacific Salmon, $4,679,000 above the 
requested level, and rejects the reduction to Hatchery and 
Genetic Management Plans (HGMPs). Instead, the recommendation 
provides no less than $5,000,000 within Pacific Salmon to 
implement NMFS' comprehensive plan to address the backlog of 
HGMPs submitted to Congress as required by the Consolidated 
Appropriations Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-113), including to 
work with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, State agencies, 
Tribes, and the Hatchery Scientific Review Group as needed. 
Failure to approve these HGMPs has exposed NMFS to litigation 
for failure to fulfill its obligations under the Endangered 
Species Act. This funding is essential for NMFS to expedite 
review and approval of the HGMP backlog and prevent hatchery 
shutdowns.
    New Obligations Under the 2018 Recertification of the 
Pacific Salmon Treaty.--The recommendation includes $30,000,000 
for activities related to the 2018 Recertification of the 
Pacific Salmon Treaty. Within these funds, the Committee 
directs NOAA to develop and implement a plan to maximize the 
increase of relevant salmon stocks through the implementation 
of actions referenced in the treaty and supporting agreements, 
in addition to activities funded under the Salmon Management 
Activities line. The Committee is frustrated by the lack of 
information from the Administration regarding the Federal 
responsibilities related to the recent recertification of the 
Pacific Salmon Treaty and directs the Department, prior to the 
obligation of any funds and within 60 days of enactment of this 
Act, to brief the Committee on this plan. Further, NOAA is 
directed to provide the Committee with biannual status reports 
on these activities and their impact on salmon stocks, 
beginning no later than 180 days after the enactment of this 
Act.
    Antarctic Research.--The Committee rejects the elimination 
of Antarctic Research in the budget request and provides 
funding at no less than the fiscal year 2019 level in Fisheries 
and Ecosystem Science Programs and Services.
    Cooperative Research.--The recommendation does not adopt 
the proposed reduction for Cooperative Research and continues 
funding for this activity at no less than the fiscal year 2019 
level. Cooperative research shall be used to support external, 
independent data collection and other research. NOAA shall 
ensure that this research is ingested into fishery stock 
assessments in a timely manner.
    Fish Information Networks.--The Committee provides 
$171,000,000 for Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys, and 
Assessments, $13,344,000 above the request. Within these funds, 
$23,500,000 is provided for Fish Information Networks, the 
State-Federal cooperative programs that coordinate data 
collection, data management, and informational management 
essential for accurate monitoring of commercial and 
recreational fishing impacts.
    Plankton Recorder Survey.--The Committee notes the 
importance of understanding the distribution of plankton to 
inform the conservation of North Atlantic right whales. Within 
the amount provided for Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys, 
and Assessments, the Committee provides not less than $300,000 
to conduct a continuous plankton recorder survey in 
partnership, on a voluntary basis, with research institutions, 
nonprofit organizations, commercial vessels, and other Federal 
agencies. The relevant survey samples should be analyzed, 
stored, archived, and made publicly available as quickly as is 
practicable. NOAA is further directed to coordinate with the 
Government of Canada to develop a transboundary understanding 
of plankton abundance and distribution.
    Salmon Management Activities.--The recommendation rejects 
the proposed reductions to Genetic Stock Identification and 
Pacific Salmon Treaty within Salmon Management Activities and 
provides no less than the amounts provided in fiscal year 2019.
    Mitchell Act Hatchery Programs.--From the funds provided 
for Salmon Management Activities and 2018 Recertification of 
the Pacific Salmon Treaty, NOAA shall provide no less than 
$25,000,000 for Mitchell Act activities, which enable Federal 
agencies to work with Oregon, Washington, and Idaho to 
establish and operate a series of hatcheries and passage 
facilities to improve declining fish runs in the Columbia 
River, ensure conservation of these critical natural resources, 
maintain economically viable tribal, commercial, and sports 
fisheries, and provide prey for Southern Resident killer 
whales.
    Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions.--The 
recommendation provides $41,500,000 for Regional Councils and 
Fisheries Commissions, which is $3,847,000 above the 
President's request. The Committee does not approve the 
proposed reduction to Interstate Fishery Management Commissions 
and continues to provide the fiscal year 2019 level. Further, 
within the funds provided for Regional Councils and Fisheries 
Commissions, $250,000 is included to implement the Pacific 
Fishery Management Council's Fishery Ecosystem Plan (FEP) 
Climate and Communities Initiative and to update the FEP to 
support climate-ready fisheries and ecosystem-based fisheries 
management.
    State Waters.--The Committee encourages NOAA to ensure 
Regional Fishery Management Councils work in an open and 
collaborative way with states during the consideration of any 
actions that affect state waters.
    Interjurisdictional Fisheries Grants.--The recommendation 
rejects the proposed elimination of Interjurisdictional 
Fisheries Grants and instead provides $3,500,000.
    Exempted Fishing Permits for Red Snapper Fishing.--The 
Committee appreciates the work done thus far by the five Gulf 
States to develop and implement Exempted Fishing Permits. Given 
these permits will improve recreational fishing access and data 
collection, within amounts provided for Fisheries Data 
Collections, Surveys and Assessments, the Committee provides 
$10,000,000 for the development, implementation and validation 
of electronic logbook data for the federally permitted charter-
for-hire sector in the Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic. 
Within these funds, the Committee also directs NMFS to deliver 
technical support as needed to the Gulf States to prioritize 
and ensure successful implementation of each State plan. 
Additionally, NOAA shall continue to provide the Committee with 
quarterly updates on these efforts as directed in fiscal year 
2019.
    South Atlantic Reef Fish.--NMFS is encouraged to leverage 
efficiencies learned through the Gulf of Mexico red snapper 
process to better the science and management of red snapper and 
other reef fish in the South Atlantic. NMFS shall consider 
employing the independent and alternative stock assessment 
strategies directed by the Committee for the Gulf of Mexico to 
supplement NMFS assessments of reef fish in the South Atlantic. 
The Committee provides up to $1,500,000 for these activities 
and notes deficiencies that have plagued reef fish management 
in the Gulf of Mexico also affect NMFS management of reef fish 
in the South Atlantic. The Committee encourages NMFS to 
incorporate this data into the agency's own stock assessments 
as expeditiously as possible.
    National Catch Share Program.--The Committee reminds NOAA 
that catch share programs reduce harmful competition between 
fishing vessels, thereby helping to reduce occupational 
hazards, avoid market-gluts, maximize profits, and reduce 
ecological damage. The Committee therefore rejects the proposed 
reduction of funding and provides no less than the fiscal year 
2019 level for the National Catch Share Program within 
Fisheries Management Programs and Services. Additionally, 
within the funds provided for Fisheries Management Programs and 
Services, NOAA shall develop a priority list of other species 
that should be considered for inclusion in the Seafood Import 
Monitoring Program in order to: (1) reduce human trafficking in 
the international seafood supply chain, (2) reduce economic 
harm to the American fishing industry, (3) preserve stocks of 
at-risk species around the world, and (4) protect American 
consumers from seafood fraud. NOAA shall provide this list to 
the Committee within 180 days of enactment of this Act.
    Enforcement.--The Committee provides $73,500,000 for 
Enforcement, which is $19,428,000 above the request. The 
Committee disagrees with the proposed elimination of the 
Cooperative Enforcement Program that includes the execution of 
Joint Enforcement Agreements. The recommendation instead 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 amount for the 
Cooperative Enforcement Program, which is critical for proper 
surveillance and enforcement of our Nation's fisheries laws. 
The Committee appreciates the proposal to hire additional 
enforcement officers and special agents and includes $1,000,000 
above the request to augment the proposed increase in staff. 
This added staffing and the remaining increase of funds shall 
be used to expand efforts to reduce illegal, unreported, and 
unregulated (IUU) fishing related to seafood import 
traceability and port security as well as to increase joint 
operations to inspect and enforce import restrictions on IUU 
products and expand investigations.
    Habitat Conservation and Restoration.--The Committee 
provides $61,625,000 for Habitat Conservation and Restoration, 
which is $23,750,000 above the request. Further, the 
recommendation rejects the reductions to Essential Fish Habitat 
Consultations and Fisheries Habitat Grants and provides no less 
than the fiscal year 2019 level for each program.
    Highly Migratory Species.--NOAA is encouraged to continue 
its efforts to competitively award studies of highly migratory 
fish species. Additional research is needed to continue to 
improve management of these species.
    Lionfish.--The Committee encourages NOAA to award 
competitive grants to address Lionfish in the Atlantic Ocean 
and Gulf of Mexico.
    Horseshoe Crabs.--Adequate data is required to ensure 
states and interstate managers can effectively manage the 
Horseshoe Crab population, which is important to the biomedical 
and commercial fishing industries, as well as to the ecology of 
the Mid-Atlantic region. The Committee directs NMFS to continue 
the Horseshoe Crab survey to generate the data necessary to 
ensure that the Horseshoe Crab stock remains on a sustainable 
path.
    Oyster restoration.--The Committee encourages NOAA to 
competitively select external partners to research alternative 
substrates for oyster restoration. NOAA shall consider 
survivability as part of the oyster restoration program in the 
Chesapeake Bay. Within Habitat Conservation and Restoration, 
the Committee encourages NOAA to support oyster restoration in 
the Chesapeake Bay.
    Bycatch Reduction and Incidental Take Permits.--The 
Committee is concerned by changing ocean conditions that are 
disrupting ecosystem stability, leading to increased conflicts 
between commercial shellfish fisheries and protected species. 
To resolve this conflict, the Committee encourages NMFS to 
ensure that it dedicates adequate resources (1) to 
expeditiously evaluate any application that it receives for an 
incidental take permit for shellfish fisheries, (2) to support 
the NOAA Bycatch Reduction Engineering Program for research and 
development of gear innovations to prevent entanglements while 
allowing for continued fishing in these fisheries, and (3) to 
continue robust participation in collaborative efforts to 
reduce fishing gear conflicts.
    Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery.--The Committee recognizes 
the ongoing impacts on the Pacific coast groundfish fishery 
trawl industry resulting from NMFS's delay in promulgating 
regulations to collect loan payments for the 2003 fishing 
vessel and permit buyback program. This delay caused an 
additional $4,000,000 in interest to accrue, resulting in an 
estimated $10,000,000 of additional loan payments for the 
Pacific coast groundfish fishery trawl industry. The Committee 
notes the implementation of the Revitalizing the Economy of 
Fisheries in the Pacific Act of 2014, section 3095 of Public 
Law 113-291, which is intended to provide relief related to 
this legacy issue.
    Oceanic and Atmospheric Research.--The Committee recommends 
$595,393,000 for Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) 
Operations, Research, and Facilities, which represents an 
increase of $70,333,000 over fiscal year 2019 and is 
$286,244,000 above the request.

               OFFICE OF OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Climate Research
  Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes...............         $74,000
  Regional Climate Data and Information.................          41,500
  Climate Competitive Research..........................          71,000
                                                         ---------------
Climate Research........................................         186,500
                                                         ===============
Weather and Air Chemistry Research
  Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes...............          82,279
  U.S. Weather Research Program.........................          37,400
  Tornado Severe Storm Research/Phased Array Radar......          12,634
  Joint Technology Transfer Initiative..................          15,000
                                                         ---------------
Weather and Air Chemistry Research......................         147,313
                                                         ===============
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research
  Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes...............          35,345
  National Sea Grant College Program....................          73,000
  Marine Aquaculture Program............................          12,000
  Ocean Exploration and Research........................          44,000
  Integrated Ocean Acidification........................          20,000
  Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring...........          48,500
  National Oceanographic Partnership Program............           6,500
                                                         ---------------
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research................         239,345
                                                         ===============
High Performance Computing Initiatives..................          22,235
                                                         ===============
Total, Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research,              $595,393
 Operations, Research, and Facilities...................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Climate Research.--The Committee commends the scientists 
and researchers at NOAA for their exemplary work in preparing 
the Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA), which found that 
(1) the impacts of climate change are already being felt in the 
United States, (2) these impacts will intensify in the future, 
(3) human activity is the primary cause of climate change, (4) 
there is no credible alternative scientific theory to explain 
the observational data, (5) the extent of future impacts will 
depend largely on actions taken to reduce greenhouse gas 
emissions, and (6) current global and regional efforts to adapt 
to these impacts do not approach the scales needed to avoid 
substantial damages to the U.S. economy, environment, and human 
health and well-being over the next decades.
    These stark facts underscore the need for continued 
investment in climate research to inform policy decisions 
across every sector of American society. Therefore, the 
Committee provides $186,500,000 for Climate Research, an 
increase of $27,500,000 above fiscal year 2019, and $98,991,000 
above the President's request. The recommendation rejects the 
proposal to eliminate funding for the NCA and instead provides 
$3,000,000 to continue this work. The Committee further 
emphasizes that the NCA is congressionally-mandated and shall 
not be impeded.
    Earth's Radiation Budget.--The Committee is aware of 
significant risks posed by the potential introduction of 
material into the stratosphere from changes in natural systems, 
increased air and space traffic, and proposals to inject 
material to affect climate, which is the subject of a 
forthcoming National Academies of Sciences study supported by 
NOAA and NASA. To monitor and assess these risks requires 
significant improvements to observations of the chemistry of 
the stratosphere and the reflectivity of the atmosphere to 
establish baselines as well as advancements in models for 
forecasting. Therefore, the Committee provides $13,000,000 in 
Climate Research Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes for 
observations, monitoring, and forecasting of stratospheric 
conditions and Earth's radiation budget. Within these funds, 
the Committee further directs OAR to improve the understanding 
of the impact of atmospheric aerosols on radiative forcing as 
well as on the formation of clouds, precipitation, and extreme 
weather.
    Arctic Research.--The Committee rejects the proposed 
elimination of Arctic Research and provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 level in both Regional Climate Data and 
Information and Climate Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes 
for this work.
    Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments Program.--The 
Committee rejects the termination of the Regional Integrated 
Sciences and Assessments Program and instead provides the 
program an increase of $3,000,000, as compared to the fiscal 
year 2019 level, within Regional Climate Data and Information. 
The Committee directs NOAA to expand the geographical coverage 
of the program with a long-term goal of providing comprehensive 
decision-support services and tools to local and regional 
decision makers in all States and territories. The Committee 
appreciates the benefits of partnering with academia in these 
efforts but reminds NOAA that the intent of this program is to 
be customer-focused rather than purely in the pursuit of 
science.
    National Integrated Drought Information System.--The 
Committee continues, at no less than the fiscal year 2019 
level, funding for the National Integrated Drought Information 
System (NIDIS) to support existing forecasting and assessment 
programs and partnerships. The Committee encourages the 
development of a soil moisture monitoring network, the 
expansion of work on seasonal, sub-seasonal, and low flow water 
predictions, as well as expanding the network of cooperative 
institutes and other academic collaborations in these fields.
    Climate Competitive Research.--The Committee rejects the 
elimination of Climate Competitive Research as well as any 
transfers or eliminations of activities, funds, or staff out of 
this budget line proposed in the President's budget. Instead, 
the recommendation includes $71,000,000 for this critical 
research, which is $11,000,000 above fiscal year 2019.
    Weather and Air Chemistry Research.--The Committee provides 
$147,313,000 for Weather and Air Chemistry Research, which is 
$11,933,000 above fiscal year 2019. The recommendation rejects 
the proposals to close the Air Resources Lab and to decrease 
funding for Weather and Air Chemistry Research Laboratories and 
Cooperative Institutes, and instead provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 level for each of these activities. The 
recommendation also includes up to $10,000,000 for Vortex-
Southeast.
    U.S. Weather Research Program.--The Committee provides 
$37,400,000 for the U.S. Weather Research Program. The 
recommendation approves neither the proposal to terminate the 
Airborne Phased Array Radar research, nor the proposal to 
reduce funding and programs within the U.S. Weather Research 
Program and instead maintains the funding levels provided in 
fiscal year 2019.
    Infrasonic Weather Monitoring Research.--The Committee 
believes that advanced infrasound signal processing 
methodologies and studies have the potential to improve 
forecast accuracy and encourages NOAA to continue research in 
this area. The Committee consequently rejects the proposal to 
terminate Infrasonic Weather Monitoring Research.
    Weather Sensor Improvement Research.--Within funding 
provided for the U.S. Weather Research Program, the Committee 
encourages NOAA to support external research opportunities with 
academic institutions to further develop and test severe 
weather monitoring systems to include technologies in support 
of the National Mesonet Program. Testing priority shall be 
given to states most economically impacted by extreme weather.
    Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.--The Committee 
provides $35,345,000 for Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes 
Research Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes. The Committee 
acknowledges that this figure appears to be slightly below the 
fiscal year 2019 funding amount, but emphasizes that it is in 
fact a modest increase to these underlying programs as the 
recommendation shifts the $3,000,000 that is proposed for the 
elimination of the Automated Unmanned Vehicle Demonstration 
Testbed into the new Unmanned Systems program in the Office of 
Marine and Aviation Operations. The Committee does not approve 
the proposed termination of the Genomics program and instead 
directs NOAA to expand this work within the increased available 
base funds.
    Further, the Committee expects NOAA to fully fund these 
cooperative institutes at appropriate levels in future years, 
including well-established institutes focused on watershed 
impacts on marine and Great Lakes ecosystems, remote sensing, 
and long-term monitoring of the impacts of environmental 
hazards on marine and Great Lakes ecosystem health.
    National Sea Grant College Program.--The Committee once 
again rejects the President's proposal to eliminate the 
National Sea Grant College Program. Instead, the Committee 
provides an increase of $5,000,000 as compared to the fiscal 
year 2019 level.
    American Lobster Research.--Within increased funding for 
the Sea Grant program, the Committee encourages the funding of 
partnerships between State agencies, academia, and industry to 
address American lobster research priorities. Research should 
focus on stock resilience in the face of environmental changes, 
including life history parameters, distribution and abundance, 
and species interactions, with the purpose of informing future 
management actions.
    Marine Aquaculture Program.--The Committee recognizes the 
importance of NOAA's Marine Aquaculture research and 
development activities that help coastal communities maintain a 
safe and sustainable local seafood supply through research and 
technology transfer to support and expand America's aquaculture 
industry. As such, the Committee provides $12,000,000 for 
Marine Aquaculture. The Committee further encourages NOAA to 
partner with Historically Black Colleges and Universities that 
conduct aquaculture research to reach those urban communities 
impacted by rising seafood prices.
    Ocean Exploration and Research.--The Committee rejects the 
requested decrease in funding for Ocean Exploration and 
Research and instead provides $2,000,000 above the fiscal year 
2019 amount. The Committee encourages NOAA to use not less than 
$7,000,000 to fund non-profit organizations operating ocean-
going ships of exploration using tele-presence technology, and 
applied exploration, to map critically important areas within 
America's Exclusive Economic Zone, our territory islands, as 
well as sites of submerged human history, particularly in the 
Pacific.
    Integrated Ocean Acidification.--The Committee is 
increasingly concerned about the impacts of ocean acidification 
on coastal communities and industries and therefore rejects the 
proposed reduction to the Integrated Ocean Acidification 
program. The recommendation instead includes $8,000,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 level for this important work. Within the 
increase, NOAA shall, in partnership with academia and the 
private sector, prioritize efforts at understanding, 
monitoring, and mitigating coastal ocean acidification, 
especially where it impacts fisheries and aquaculture.
    The Committee encourages NOAA, in coordination with the 
Office of Science and Technology Policy, to implement a program 
to competitively award prizes under the Stevenson-Wydler 
Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3719) to stimulate 
innovation to advance the understanding, research, or 
monitoring of ocean acidification or its impacts, or to develop 
management or adaptation options for responding to ocean 
acidification. In prize competitions, the Committee encourages 
NOAA to prioritize communities, environments, or industries 
that are currently in distress due to the impacts of ocean 
acidification.
    Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring.--The 
recommendation does not adopt the requested reduction in funds 
for Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring and instead 
provides $48,500,000. Within the increase, NOAA shall expand 
coverage of biogeochemical and Deep Argo floats to improve 
ecological and sub-seasonal-to-seasonal weather forecasting as 
well as to provide observational data on the health and state 
of the ocean, particularly in the deep sea, the tropics, and 
the Arctic.
    Cloud Computing for Research.--The Committee supports 
NOAA's transition to high performance computing on the cloud 
for its research needs in OAR. The Committee provides not less 
than $10,000,000 in High Performance Computing Initiatives to 
prepare for this transition and to explore long-term 
contracting options with vendors for these services. The 
Committee further directs NOAA to develop a long-term cloud 
computing strategy for its future research needs and to report 
to the Committee on the strategy within 180 days of the 
enactment of this Act.
    National Weather Service.--The Committee recommends 
$1,099,549,000 for National Weather Service (NWS), Operations, 
Research, and Facilities, which is $110,251,000 above the 
President's budget request. The Committee reaffirms its 
commitment to the weather enterprise and the necessity of 
maintaining the mission of protecting life and property within 
the Federal Government. While the Committee does not oppose the 
continued growth of the private weather industry, the 
increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters 
epitomize the need for the public provision of this critical 
information.

                        NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Observations............................................        $230,770
Central Processing......................................          99,797
Analyze, Forecast, and Support..........................         546,300
Dissemination...........................................          75,482
Science and Technology Integration......................         147,200
                                                         ===============
Total, National Weather Service, Operations, Research,        $1,099,549
 and Facilities.........................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    NWS Staffing.--The Committee remains concerned about 
continuing reports of staffing and management challenges within 
NWS. NOAA and the Department of Commerce are directed to ensure 
that NWS fulfills its critical mission to protect the lives and 
property of our Nation's citizens, including by filling all 
vacancies as expeditiously as possible. In its fiscal year 2020 
spend plan, the NWS shall include a separate accounting of all 
NWS funded positions. In fiscal year 2020, the Committee 
directs NWS to continue the quarterly management, staffing, and 
budget briefings first required in fiscal year 2018.
    National Ice Center.--The Committee strongly supports the 
National Ice Center (NIC) and the critical information it 
provides to our armed forces as well as for the further 
understanding of our planet. The recommendation accepts the 
technical transfers to NWS to operationalize the functions of 
the NIC.
    Observations.--The recommendation provides $230,770,000 for 
observation activities. The recommendation includes not less 
than $22,000,000 for the National Mesonet Program, $15,500,000 
above the request. The recommendation does not adopt the 
proposed reduction to Marine Observations in support of the 
tsunami mission and provides not less than the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level to continue those activities. The Committee also 
rejects the proposed reductions to Tropical Atmosphere Ocean 
(TAO) Platform and Aircraft-based Observations Data Buy and 
provides not less than the fiscal year 2019 enacted level for 
each activity.
    Central Processing.--The recommendation includes 
$99,797,000 for Central Processing while rejecting the proposed 
reduction to the Advanced Hydrologic Prediction System. The 
Committee further rejects the proposal to terminate 74 
Information Technology Officers who are critical to the 
delivery of timely and actionable forecasts.
    Analyze, Forecast, and Support.--The recommendation 
includes $546,300,000 for Analyze, Forecast, and Support 
activities. This level includes up to $28,000,000, but not less 
than $20,000,000, to address the backlog in facilities 
maintenance. The recommendation does not adopt the proposed NWS 
workforce savings that would only serve to exacerbate the 
staffing problems noted above. The Committee further rejects 
the proposed reduction to the Office of Water Prediction as 
well as the consolidation of the functions of the National 
Centers for Environmental Prediction, the Climate Prediction 
Center, and the Weather Prediction Center.
    Tsunami Warning Program.--The Committee rejects the 
proposed reduction to the Tsunami Warning Program and instead 
provides not less than $1,500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
level. Further, the Committee rejects the closure of any 
facilities related to the Tsunami Warning Program.
    Dissemination.--The Committee provides $75,482,000 for 
Dissemination Operations, Research, and Facilities, which 
includes the technical transfer from Dissemination Procurement, 
Acquisitions, and Construction proposed in the President's 
budget.
    Science and Technology Integration.--The recommendation 
includes $147,200,000 for Science and Technology Integration 
but approves neither the termination of COASTAL Act or of 
Aviation Science Research to Operations, nor the reduction to 
Numerical Weather Prediction.
    National Water Center.--The Committee does not adopt the 
termination of funding for Hydrology and Water Resources within 
Science and Technology Integration. Instead, the recommendation 
includes no less than the fiscal year 2019 level to continue 
research activities to improve fine and large-scale 
measurements of snow depth and soil moisture data that can be 
used to expand and improve the National Water Model and 
contribute directly to the mission of NOAA's National Water 
Center.
    Storm Surge Modeling Technology.--The Committee encourages 
NOAA to continue to pursue collaborations that will improve 
upon NOAA's current Sea, Lake, and Overland Surge from 
Hurricanes model; and encourages NOAA to consider integrating 
improved technologies into standard modeling operations for 
storm surge, inland flooding, and the combination of both.
    National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information 
Service.--The Committee recommends $281,790,000 for National 
Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service (NESDIS), 
Operations, Research, and Facilities.

     NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE, DATA AND INFORMATION SERVICE
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Environmental Satellite Observing Systems
  Office of Satellite and Product Operations..........        $186,790
  Product Development, Readiness, and Application.....          28,500
  Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs........           1,800
  Office of Space Commerce............................           1,800
  Group on Earth Observations.........................             500
                                                       -----------------
Environmental Satellite Observing Systems.............         219,390
                                                       =================
National Centers for Environmental Information........          62,400
                                                       =================
Total, National Environmental Satellite, Data and             $281,790
 Information Service, Operations, Research, and
 Facilities...........................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Office of Satellite and Product Operations.--The 
recommendation includes $186,790,000 for the Office of 
Satellite and Product Operations, which includes the proposed 
transfer of funds associated with the operationalizing of 
functions in the Polar Weather Satellites and the Low Earth 
Orbit programs in the Procurement, Acquisition, and 
Construction account.
    Office of Space Commerce.--The Committee rejects the 
proposal to transfer the functions of the Office of Space 
Commerce and Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs and 
instead maintains their funding within NOAA NESDIS.
    National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).--The 
Committee recommends $62,400,000 for NCEI, which includes not 
less than $4,000,000 for Regional Climate Centers despite the 
proposal to terminate them.
    Mission Support.--The recommendation includes $294,666,000 
for Mission Support, Operations, Research, and Facilities.

                             MISSION SUPPORT
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mission Support
  Executive Leadership..................................         $28,305
  Mission Services and Management.......................         154,712
  IT Security...........................................          15,079
  Payment to DOC Working Capital Fund...................          62,070
                                                         ---------------
Mission Support Services................................         260,166
                                                         ===============
Office of Education
  B-WET Regional Programs...............................           9,000
  Educational Partnership Program with Minority Serving           20,000
   Institutions.........................................
  NOAA Education Program Base...........................           5,500
                                                         ---------------
Office of Education.....................................          34,500
                                                         ===============
Total, Mission Support, Operations, Research, and               $294,666
 Facilities.............................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment.--The Committee is 
highly concerned by the threat of sexual assault and sexual 
harassment faced by individuals in the workplace, especially 
those in nontraditional work settings such as NOAA research 
vessels or private fishing vessels. The Committee recognizes 
the efforts made by NOAA in addressing these threats and 
directs no less than $1,000,000 from the funding provided for 
Mission Services and Management for continued efforts to reduce 
these risks and to provide assistance and counseling to 
victims.
    Office of Education.--The Committee rejects all of the 
proposed cuts to the Office of Education and believes the 
enactment of these proposals would do great harm to the future 
of oceanic and atmospheric sciences. The Committee recognizes 
that the changing climate and increasing degradation of our 
environment will necessitate greater future investments in 
these scientific fields and their corresponding workforces. 
Consequently, the recommendation includes $34,500,000 for 
NOAA's Office of Education, an increase of $6,000,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level, which includes continued 
support for Environmental Literacy Grants and for improving 
geographic literacy. Of this amount, $20,000,000 is provided to 
continue the Educational Partnership Program with Minority 
Serving Institutions, and $9,000,000 is provided to continue 
the Bay-Watershed Education and Training (B-WET) regional 
programs. NOAA is also encouraged to engage students in live, 
interactive programming using telepresence technology.
    Office of Marine and Aviation Operations (OMAO).--The 
recommendation includes $247,859,000 for the Office of Marine 
and Aviation Operations, Operations, Research, and Facilities. 
The Committee appreciates the clear and concise regular 
briefings provided by OMAO's leadership and encourages them to 
continue with the same frequency and detail as in fiscal year 
2019. Further, the Committee has found the NOAA Fleet Plan to 
be very useful in considering the future needs for NOAA's ships 
and looks forward to receiving a corresponding future-looking 
fleet plan for NOAA's aircraft.

                OFFICE OF MARINE AND AVIATION OPERATIONS
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
  Marine Operations and Maintenance.....................        $195,547
  Aviation Operations and Aircraft Services.............          37,250
  Unmanned Systems Operations...........................          15,062
                                                         ===============
Total, Office of Marine and Aviation Operations,                $247,859
 Operations, Research, and Facilities...................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Marine Operations and Maintenance.--The recommendation 
provides $195,547,000 for Marine Operations and Maintenance. 
Within this amount, no less than $3,125,000 is provided to 
mitigate any loss of mission integrity due to unexpected ship 
failures, including by chartering days at sea with non-NOAA 
vessels and other measures, as appropriate.
    Monitoring of Atmospheric Rivers.-- Improving understanding 
of atmospheric rivers is critical to preparing for concentrated 
rain storms and flooding along the U.S. West Coast. Therefore, 
within the amount provided for Aviation Operations and Aircraft 
Services, the Committee provides no less than $1,500,000 for 
use of airborne assets to conduct winter storm observations to 
better observe and predict these extreme weather events.
    Unmanned Systems Operations.--The Committee supports NOAA's 
proposal to establish a centralized program for Unmanned 
Systems Operations (UxS), as authorized by the CENOTE Act of 
2018 (Public Law 115-394). In support of these efforts, the 
Committee accepts the closure of the Unmanned Aircraft Systems 
Program and the termination of the Autonomous Underwater 
Vehicle Demonstration Testbed. In lieu of these programs, the 
Committee provides $10,397,000 above the request within the 
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations, Unmanned System 
Operations, to support these activities under this new 
management structure and directs NOAA to prioritize operations 
and research for unmanned systems in consultation with the UxS 
Executive Oversight Board, including OAR. Further, within these 
funds, the Committee provides not less than $2,000,000 for the 
competitive acquisition of unmanned systems data as a cost-
effective augmentation to NOAA's observational suite.

               PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION, AND CONSTRUCTION

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$1,509,000,000 for Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction 
(PAC), of which $1,496,000,000 is appropriated from the general 
fund and $13,000,000 is derived from recoveries of prior year 
obligations.
    The following narrative descriptions and tables identify 
the specific activities and funding levels included in this 
Act.

               PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION, AND CONSTRUCTION
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Ocean Service
  National Estuarine Research Reserve Construction......          $3,000
  Marine Sanctuaries Construction.......................           5,000
                                                         ---------------
Total, NOS-PAC..........................................           8,000
                                                         ===============
Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research
  Research Supercomputing/CCRI..........................          49,000
                                                         ===============
National Weather Service
  Observations..........................................          21,129
  Central Processing....................................          67,000
  Dissemination.........................................          10,000
  Weather Forecast Office Construction..................          15,000
                                                         ---------------
Total, NWS-PAC..........................................         113,129
                                                         ===============
National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information
 Service
  GOES R................................................         304,056
  Space Weather Follow-on...............................          38,600
  Polar Weather Satellites..............................         755,038
  CDARS.................................................          14,850
  Low Earth Orbit (LEO).................................          33,202
  Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO).......................          25,219
  System Architecture and Engineering (SAE).............          44,822
  Satellite CDA Facility................................           2,450
                                                         ---------------
Total, NESDIS-PAC.......................................       1,218,237
                                                         ===============
Mission Support
  NOAA Construction.....................................          21,000
                                                         ===============
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
  Fleet Capital Improvements and Technology Infusion....          24,634
  New Vessel Construction...............................          75,000
                                                         ---------------
Total, OMAO-PAC.........................................          99,634
                                                         ===============
Total, Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction.......      $1,509,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    National Ocean Service Construction.--The Committee does 
not adopt the proposal to reduce funding for construction 
within the National Ocean Service. The recommendation includes 
$3,000,000 for National Estuarine Research Reserve Construction 
and $5,000,000 for Marine Sanctuaries Construction.
    Research Supercomputing.--The Committee recognizes the 
importance of supercomputing capacity to further research 
efforts regarding weather and climate modeling and therefore 
recommends $49,000,000 for OAR Research Supercomputing, which 
is $23,000,000 above the request.
    National Weather Service Observations.--The Committee 
rejects the proposed reductions to Observations under National 
Weather Service PAC and provides not less than the fiscal year 
2019 enacted levels for the Service Life Extension Program for 
Next Generation Weather Radar and the Service Life Extension 
Program for the Automated Surface Observing System.
    Integrated Water Prediction.--The Committee provides 
$67,000,000 for Central Processing under National Weather 
Service PAC, which includes not less than the fiscal year 2019 
level for Integrated Water Prediction High Performance 
Computing as well as Research and Development High Performance 
Computing.
    Quarterly Satellite Reports.--The Committee directs the 
Department of Commerce to continue to provide oversight of 
NOAA's satellite programs as directed in fiscal year 2019. NOAA 
shall also continue to provide quarterly briefings to the 
Committee on all NOAA satellite programs not later than 30 days 
after the end of each quarter. These briefings shall include 
the status of obligations for each program, including 
spacecraft, launch vehicle, sensor, integration, and ground 
components, and proposed changes to the fly-out charts. NOAA 
shall also include in these briefings updates on all of its 
operational satellite systems.
    Space Weather Follow-On.--The recommendation includes 
$38,600,000 for Space Weather Follow-On and directs NOAA to use 
the amount above the request to support the GOES-U Integration.
    Commercial Data.--The Committee provides the requested 
levels of funds for both the Commercial Weather Data Pilot and 
the Commercial Data Purchase in support of NOAA's efforts to 
develop alternative sources of environmental data.
    New Vessel Construction.--The Committee provides 
$75,000,000, as in prior fiscal years, for New Vessel 
Construction and thereby affirms its commitment to NOAA's Fleet 
Recapitalization Plan. The Committee expects that NOAA will 
ensure that these new vessels facilitate the reduction of gaps 
in mission coverage as current ships fall into disrepair or are 
decommissioned. During the recapitalization process, NOAA is 
encouraged to evaluate its fleet plan regularly and consider 
whether there are cost-effective alternatives such as vessel 
leasing for meeting NOAA's mission requirements.

                    PACIFIC COASTAL SALMON RECOVERY

    The Committee rejects the proposed termination of Pacific 
Coastal Salmon Recovery and recommends $65,000,000 for this 
program. In addition, the accompanying bill includes language 
that requires all funds to be allocated based on scientific and 
merit principles and prohibits the availability of funds for 
marketing activities. Bill language is included requiring a 33 
percent match from States.

                      FISHERMEN'S CONTINGENCY FUND

    The Committee recommends $349,000 for the Fishermen's 
Contingency Fund, which is the same as fiscal year 2019. This 
Fund is available to compensate U.S. commercial fishermen for 
damage or loss caused by obstructions related to oil and gas 
exploration, and is derived from fees collected by the 
Secretary of the Interior.

                      FISHERY DISASTER ASSISTANCE

    The Committee rejects the elimination of Fishery Disaster 
Assistance in the President's budget and provides $15,000,000 
to address fisheries disasters declared by the Secretary of 
Commerce.

                   FISHERIES FINANCE PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The Committee recommends language under this heading 
limiting obligations of direct loans to $24,000,000 for 
Individual Fishing Quota loans and $100,000,000 for traditional 
direct loans.

                        Departmental Management

    The Committee recommends $74,143,000 for Departmental 
Management, $21,601,000 below fiscal year 2019 and $61,107,000 
below the request. This amount includes funds for Departmental 
Salaries and Expenses, Renovation and Modernization, and the 
Office of Inspector General.
    The Committee reminds the Department that oversight of 
Commerce operations and budget through requests for 
information, briefings, and hearings are critical to ensuring 
that the Committee puts forward a well-informed recommendation 
for the fiscal year. Any action that hinders the Committee's 
ability to carry out its oversight authorities, such as the 
Secretary's unwillingness to testify before the Committee on 
its annual budget request, is unacceptable. The recommendation 
does not include the transfer of the Office of Space Commerce 
to the Office of the Secretary and assumes further savings in 
certain departmental services identified in the President's 
budget request related to miscellaneous expenses. Further, bill 
language has been included under Salaries and Expenses 
withholding $15,000,000 from expenditure until the submission 
of the Census Bureau's annual CEDCaP spend plan.
    While the Committee supports the Department taking steps to 
begin the modernization of its financial systems, the 
recommendation does not include the requested funding. The 
Committee supports such initiatives but requires additional 
insight into the multi-year requirements and costs for such 
acquisitions prior to providing a down payment on such longer-
term activities and directs the Department to provide the 
Committee with the full life cycle cost including project 
schedule and milestones with a quarterly breakdown by fiscal 
year no later than 45 days after enactment of this Act.
    As the Department looks to modernize and consolidate its 
financial system it is further directed to evaluate how it can 
standardize its appropriations and periods of availability 
(POAs) across the Department for more consistent planning, 
programming, budgeting, and execution across appropriations and 
report to the Committee no later than 180 days after enactment 
of this Act. In in the absence of justifications that clearly 
articulate a multi-year requirement, the Committee recommends 
agencies clearly articulate any multi-year requirements in 
accounts that are largely driven by annual salaries and 
expenses in future budget justifications.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $40,000,000 for Departmental 
Management, Salaries and Expenses, $23,000,000 below fiscal 
year 2019 and $39,107,000 below the fiscal year 2020 request. 
Within the amounts provided the Committee supports the 
Department's Continuity of Operations (COOP) and Continuity of 
Government (COG) efforts to ensure an agile national security 
response and includes $2,300,000 for the related technology as 
well as $1,185,000 above the request for the operations and 
maintenance for these mission critical systems. Further, the 
Committee supports the Department's requested staffing 
increases for the Offices of Security, Privacy, and Budget as 
well as the Office of General Counsel's case management system.
    Federal Data Service.--The Committee is concerned that the 
Department continues to fund the Under Secretary for Economic 
Affairs within BEA with no long-term funding strategy for 
either the Under Secretary's office or the Federal Data Service 
for which funding is requested both under BEA and the Bureau of 
the Census. The Department is directed to report on these plans 
no later than 90 days after enactment of this Act.
    Modernizing economic statistics in Puerto Rico.--The 
Committee directs the Department to continue its efforts to 
help the government of Puerto Rico to modernize its economic 
statistics programs, and commends the Department, through the 
BEA, for initiating efforts to calculate GDP for Puerto Rico, 
just as BEA currently does for every other U.S. jurisdiction. 
The Committee further directs the Department to work toward the 
inclusion of all U.S. territories--alongside the 50 States and 
the District of Columbia--in BEA's national level GDP 
estimates, which will require the territory-level GDP data to 
meet BEA's quality standards. The Committee urges BEA to 
produce quarterly economic surveys for the territories and 
personal income statistics. The Department shall report back to 
the Committee on these efforts--both of which were recommended 
by the Congressional Task Force on Economic Growth in Puerto 
Rico--90 days after the enactment of this Act.
    Interstate Commerce.--The Committee has heard concerns 
about the Electronic Export Information (EEI) requirement 
located in 15 CFR Part 30, which mandates reporting for certain 
goods between the States and Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin 
Islands. The Committee directs the Department to work in 
coordination with the governments of Puerto Rico and the U.S. 
Virgin Islands, as well as other Federal agencies and 
stakeholders, to identify alternative data sources that provide 
equivalent statistics on the shipments of goods among the 
territories and the States to achieve the same statistical 
objectives, while reducing the impact on commerce, and report 
their findings and implementation plans to the Committee not 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act.
    Outdoor Recreation Satellite Account.--Last year, BEA 
reported that outdoor recreation represents 2.2 percent of the 
total GDP and contributes $734 billion annually to the U.S. 
economy. The Committee recognizes that a wide range of 
Federally-funded programs support the outdoor recreation sector 
such as the Nation's land and waterways management, access, and 
conservation, and the Federal Government allocated a little 
over $20 billion from 2012 through 2016 towards these 
activities. The Committee directs the Department of Commerce, 
in coordination with the agencies of the Federal Recreation 
Council, to continue its efforts to further improve on the 
collection of this data and the feasibility of identifying 
amounts allocated prior to fiscal year 2012. The Department is 
directed to report its findings to the Committee and to GAO 
within 180 days of enactment of this Act.
    Regional Biosecurity Plan.--The Secretary of Commerce shall 
submit a report alongside its annual budget justifications 
describing the activities of the Department during the prior 
fiscal year to implement the Regional Biosecurity Plan for 
Micronesia and Hawaii--a strategic plan developed jointly by 
the Department and other Federal and non-Federal entities to 
prevent and control the introduction of invasive species in the 
U.S. Pacific region. The report shall include an update of 
Departmental activities to support implementation and next 
steps and planned activities, including estimated funding 
requirements for the subsequent fiscal year.

                      RENOVATION AND MODERNIZATION

    The Committee recommends $1,100,000 for the salaries and 
expenses needed to continue the operation of the renovation 
project. As part of the Department's overall effort to evaluate 
how to best standardize its appropriations, it is recommended 
that future salaries and expenses for all personnel funded 
within Renovation and Modernization instead be funded under 
Departmental Management, Salaries and Expenses.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $33,043,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), which includes the requested transfers 
for oversight activities. The Committee expects the OIG to 
continue its oversight work on cybersecurity, satellite 
procurements, telework, patent quality, and the 2020 Decennial 
Census.

               General Provisions--Department of Commerce

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the Department of Commerce:
    Section 101 makes funds available for advanced payments 
only upon certification of officials designated by the 
Secretary that such payments are considered to be in the public 
interest.
    Section 102 makes appropriations for the Department 
available for hire of passenger motor vehicles, for services, 
and for uniforms and allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 103 requires notification to the Committee of 
certain actions. The Committee expects notifications for all 
capital asset disposals with an initial purchase price greater 
than $2,000,000.
    Section 104 extends congressional notification requirements 
for NOAA satellite programs.
    Section 105 provides for reimbursement for services within 
Department of Commerce buildings.
    Section 106 clarifies that grant recipients under the 
Department of Commerce may continue to deter child pornography, 
copyright infringement, or any other unlawful activity over 
their networks.
    Section 107 provides the NOAA Administrator with the 
authority to avail NOAA of needed resources, with the consent 
of those supplying the resources, to carry out responsibilities 
of any statute administered by NOAA.
    Section 108 prohibits the National Technical Information 
Service from charging for certain activities.
    Section 109 authorizes NOAA to receive payments from other 
entities to defray some costs of permitting and regulatory 
activities.
    Section 110 provides authority for the programs of the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Bureau of the Census to 
enter into cooperative agreements in order to assist in 
improving statistical methodology and research.
    Section 111 includes travel authority for the Office of the 
Secretary of Commerce.

                                TITLE II


                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE


                         General Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $114,740,000 for Department of 
Justice, General Administration, Salaries and Expenses, which 
is $1,740,000 above fiscal year 2019 and the same as the 
request. The Committee has provided separate funding 
recommendations by decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Department Leadership.................................       $16,189,000
Intergovernmental Relations/External Affairs..........        10,414,000
Executive Support/Professional Responsibility.........        15,337,000
Justice Management Division...........................        72,800,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Salaries and Expenses......................      $114,740,000
 

    Cold Case Investigations.--The Attorney General is directed 
to make full use of his authority to support and carry out the 
objectives of Public Law 115-426, the Civil Rights Cold Case 
Records Collection Act of 2018. In addition, the bill includes 
not less than $13,500,000 in additional funding for the 
Criminal Section of the Civil Rights Division, the Civil Rights 
Unit of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Community 
Relations Service, and in grant assistance to implement the 
Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crimes Reauthorization Act.
    Federal law enforcement resources in the U.S. Caribbean.--
The Committee has serious concerns about the high levels of 
violent crime in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, where 
homicide rates are significantly above the national average, 
and most violent crimes are linked to narcotics trafficking in 
the Caribbean. The Committee directs the Attorney General to 
prioritize law enforcement personnel and resources to address 
such violent crime, and to report not later than 90 days after 
the enactment of this Act on current or planned efforts by the 
Department to prevent, reduce, and address violent crime in 
Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
    Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crimes Reauthorization 
Act of 2016.--The Committee fully supports the goals of the 
Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crimes Reauthorization Act of 
2016 (Public Law 114-325) to investigate and prosecute 
previously unresolved civil rights era ``cold case'' murders 
suspected of having been racially motivated. This effort 
involves a partnership among the Criminal Section of the Civil 
Rights Division (CRT), the Civil Rights Unit of the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Community Relations Service 
(CRS), State and local law enforcement officials, and other 
eligible entities. The Committee includes additional funding as 
authorized for the CRT Cold Case Initiative, for the FBI to 
pursue Emmett Till Act cold cases; and for CRS to partner with 
law enforcement agencies and communities to help resolve 
conflicts resulting from the investigation of unsolved civil 
rights era cases. Additionally, the Committee directs the 
National Institute of Justice, the Bureau of Justice 
Assistance, and the Office for Victims of Crime to continue 
providing grants for cold case DNA investigations to aid State 
and local law enforcement agencies in their investigation and 
prosecution of unsolved civil rights cold cases. The Department 
shall include, as part of its annual spending plan, details on 
actual and projected spending, by agency and appropriation, to 
carry out the Emmett Till Act.
    School to prison pipeline.--The Committee is concerned with 
the school-to-prison pipeline and believes the Department of 
Justice should take a more aggressive approach to disrupt it. 
The Committee encourages the Department to consider the role it 
can play in this and directs it to report not later than 180 
days after the enactment of this Act on ways in which the 
Department could partner with relevant stakeholders in 
government and in the private sector to address this issue.
    Expungement.--The Committee recognizes the challenges 
facing ex-offenders undergoing reentry into society. In 
previous administrations, the Justice Department has pledged to 
publish information on ways to reduce unnecessary barriers to 
reentry by connecting the reentering population with legal 
services to overcome obstacles such as fines and criminal 
records expungement. The Committee directs the Justice 
Department to report not later than 180 days after enactment of 
this Act on ways to expand the Smart on Crime and similar 
programs to assist non-violent offenders with record 
expungement.
    Intellectual property rights (IPR) enforcement.--The 
Committee expects the Department to continue to make IPR 
enforcement an investigative and prosecutorial priority. A new 
element of criminal copyright infringement enterprises involves 
devices and software that connect televisions directly to 
copyright-theft sites. The Department shall submit a report, 
not later than 120 days after enactment of this Act, on its 
investigation and prosecution of criminal enterprises engaged 
in IPR cases, particularly in creative content theft and 
copyright enforcement actions, such as the use of illegal 
streaming technology.
    Real estate wire fraud.--The Committee is aware of the 
growing problem of so-called ``wire fraud'' or ``business e-
mail fraud'' in real estate transactions. In a July 2018 public 
service announcement, the FBI said such crime targets both 
businesses and individuals performing wire transfer payments 
and resulted in over $12.5 billion in losses between 2013 and 
2018, with the scam being reported nationwide and in 150 
countries. The Committee directs the Department to submit a 
report not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, 
describing its ongoing activities to both combat and raise 
awareness of wire fraud in real estate transactions. 
Additionally, the report should detail any joint activities to 
counter such fraud that the Department conducts with relevant 
Federal agencies. Finally, the report should make 
recommendations to Congress for new legislative authority or 
increased funding that would help these efforts.
    Working capital fund and non-appropriated fund budget 
requests and spending plans.--The Committee directs the 
Department to continue to include with their budget submissions 
and expenditure plans detailed breakouts of non-appropriated 
funding sources, as directed in the fiscal year 2019 
Appropriations Act, and to continue quarterly reports on the 
collections, balances, and obligations of such funds.
    User Activity Monitoring (UAM).--The Committee understands 
that the Justice Management Division (JMD) conducted a 
successful pilot in 2018 to determine whether replacing 
ineffective, legacy network monitoring and data loss prevention 
tools with Modern UAM could help it better identify compromised 
insiders. The Committee encourages the Department to undertake 
a competitive process to develop and deploy a new UAM, both for 
its own environment and with the potential to offer the 
capability as a service to smaller DOJ components.
    Domestic violence and mass shootings.--The Committee 
directs the Attorney General to undertake a study on the 
feasibility of using an individual's history of domestic 
violence to determine the likelihood of such individual 
committing a mass shooting and submit a report to the Committee 
on its findings not later than one year after enactment of this 
Act.
    NICS denial notification.--The Committee recognizes the 
value in notifying State and local law enforcement when 
prohibited individuals fail a background check in an attempt to 
make an illegal firearm purchase. The Committee therefore 
directs the Attorney General to report to State authorities 
when the National Instant Criminal Background Check System 
(NICS) provides a notice pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 922(t) that the 
receipt of a firearm in their State or by a potential purchaser 
residing in their State would violate 18 U.S.C. 922(g) or (n) 
or State law, and, where practicable, to report the same to 
appropriate local law enforcement authorities and State and 
local prosecutors. Reports should be made within 24 hours after 
the provision of notice, except that reporting may be delayed 
if needed to avoid compromising an ongoing investigation. 
Reports shall state the specific provisions of law that would 
have been violated by such a receipt or purchase, the date and 
time the notice was provided, the location where the firearm 
was sought to be received or purchased, and the identity of the 
person. No such report need be made to the same State 
authorities who provided the notice.
    Office of Legal Counsel (OLC) opinions.--Not later than 90 
days after enactment of this Act, the Department shall submit a 
report to the Committee that lists each OLC opinion currently 
in effect that has either been: designated by the Attorney 
General or his designee as final; followed by government 
officials or government contractors; relied upon to formulate 
current legal guidance; or cited in another final Office of 
Legal Counsel opinion. For each such opinion, the Department 
shall include: (1) the signer of the opinion; (2) the recipient 
identified in the opinion; (3) the date of issuance; and (4) 
the title of the opinion, subject only to redactions provided 
for by law and where the need to protect a specific interest 
outweighs the public interest in disclosure.
    Unintentional firearm discharges.--Unintentional firearm 
discharges present risks including death, injury, liability, 
and negative community relations. The Committee encourages the 
Department to identify and report to the Committee on ways to 
physically mitigate the unintentional discharge of firearms, 
particularly standard-issue rifles, such as by protecting the 
trigger well of firearms in a way that does not impede the 
purposeful use of the firearm.
    Pet and Women Safety.--The Committee directs the Attorney 
General to enter into consultations with the Secretary of 
Agriculture as soon as possible, and enter into any memoranda 
of understanding as directed, in order to establish during 
fiscal year 2020 the requirements for grant application and 
execution under Section 12502 of P.L. 115-334, the Agriculture 
Improvement Act of 2018, to provide emergency and transitional 
shelter options for domestic violence survivors with companion 
animals.
    Female genital mutilation.--The Committee directs the 
Department to submit, not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this Act, an update of its fiscal year 2018 FGM report, to 
include its investigations and prosecutions, as well as 
outreach, education and training with a focus on community- and 
survivor-centered responses to prevent and respond to incidents 
of FGM/C.
    Cyber fraud.--Cyber fraud and related cyber-enabled crimes 
pose a severe threat to the national security and economic 
vitality of the United States. Because of the unique nature of 
cybercrime, it is very difficult for law enforcement to respond 
to and prosecute cybercrime in a timely manner, leading to the 
current low level of deterrence and a rapidly growing threat. 
The Committee directs the Department of Justice and other 
relevant agencies to work with the private sector to establish 
best practices for active cyber defense techniques to better 
defend American companies from cyberattack.

                 JUSTICE INFORMATION SHARING TECHNOLOGY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $33,875,000 for Justice 
Information Sharing Technology, which is $1,875,000 above 
fiscal year 2019 and the same as the request. The Committee 
includes funding as requested for the Joint Security Operations 
Center (JSOC), a critical cybersecurity investment, and expects 
the Department will use recovered balances from prior year 
obligations or use its discretionary transfer authority to meet 
any other needs for information technology transformation and 
cybersecurity, subject to the reprogramming procedures included 
in this Act.

                EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $672,966,000 for the Executive 
Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), of which $4,000,000 is 
from immigration examination fees. The recommendation is 
$109,559,000 above fiscal year 2019 and the same as the 
request. The recommendation will support the hiring of up to 
100 additional immigration judges (IJs) and provide additional 
support staff and associated facilities.
    The Committee was disappointed by the announcement made by 
EOIR on March 6, 2019, that serious budget constraints in 
fiscal year 2019 would impede the agency's work of hiring new 
immigration judges, training staff, acquiring new space, and 
investing in information technology upgrades. The Committee was 
not made aware of these budget concerns by the Department prior 
to the announcement. The Committee expects to be kept up to 
date regarding unexpected budgetary shortfalls in the future 
and expects EOIR to be more forthcoming in the future.
    Interpreters.--The Committee recognizes that increasing 
numbers of respondents in immigration courts require the use of 
interpretation, but EOIR continues to struggle to obtain 
sufficient interpreters, including for rare languages such as 
indigenous dialects. The Committee understands that there is a 
potential budgetary impact for costs associated with these 
interpretation issues. The Committee is aware of reports that 
the Department has recently instructed immigration judges to 
order only one interpreter per morning and afternoon hearing 
session resulting in rescheduling and delays in hearings, and 
that respondents who speak rare languages are often forced to 
proceed with removal hearings in languages they do not speak 
fluently or have their cases delayed because the immigration 
court cannot obtain an interpreter. The Committee directs EOIR 
to provide the Committee, within 90 days of enactment, a plan 
to ensure appropriate language access for all respondents, 
including indigenous language speakers, noting any resource 
needs. Within 90 days of enactment of this Act, and quarterly 
thereafter, the Committee directs EOIR to report the number of 
continuances or adjournments issued for reasons related to 
interpretation, as well as whether the respondent was detained 
at the time of the continuance. The Committee further directs 
EOIR to submit a report, jointly with the Department of 
Homeland Security (DHS) and within 180 days of enactment, 
identifying opportunities for sharing of interpretation 
resources between DHS and EOIR, particularly for rare 
languages.
    Legal Orientation Program (LOP).--For the LOP and related 
activities the recommendation includes $25,000,000, of which 
$3,000,000 is for the Immigration Court Helpdesk (ICH) program. 
The LOP improves the efficiency of court proceedings, reduces 
court costs, and helps ensure fairness and due process. The 
Committee directs the Department to continue LOP without 
interruption, including all component parts, including the 
Legal Orientation Program for Custodians of Unaccompanied 
Children (LOPC) and the ICH. The recommended funding will allow 
for the expansion of LOP and ICH to provide services to 
additional individuals in immigration court proceedings. The 
Committee supports access to LOP and ICHs and directs EOIR to 
evaluate the funding required and timeline necessary to allow 
expansion into all detention facilities and immigration courts. 
EOIR is directed to report the results of this evaluation to 
the Committee no later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act.
    Legal Representation.--The Committee is concerned with the 
low rate of representation in immigration court and the 
recommendation provides $10,000,000 in State and Local Law 
Enforcement Assistance for competitive grants to qualified non-
profit organizations for a pilot program to increase 
representation.
    Immigration case quotas.--The Committee is aware of EOIR's 
new review standards that went into effect October 1, 2018, 
which require immigration judges to complete a quota of 700 
case completions per year to receive a satisfactory review. 
Although the Committee appreciates the effort to reduce the 
backlog, the Committee remains concerned that case quotas will 
threaten due process and affect judicial independence. Section 
218 of the bill will prohibit EOIR's use of case completion 
quotas for immigration judge performance reviews.
    Immigration judges.--For several years, the Committee has 
been concerned with the slow pace of hiring immigration judges 
and the unacceptable amount of time it takes to resolve 
immigration cases. The Committee understands that the 
Department is working to accelerate the hiring process and is 
deploying additional resources to those areas with the highest 
workload, such as the southwest border. EOIR shall hire the 
most qualified IJs from a diverse pool of candidates that 
includes a balance of candidates with non-governmental, private 
bar experience, and government experience. The Committee 
directs EOIR to continue to submit monthly reports on 
performance and IJ hiring and shall also include information 
regarding IJs who are temporarily deployed away from their 
permanent courtrooms, noting the permanent and temporary duty 
stations of each IJ and the length of such temporary duty 
assignments. In addition, EOIR shall continue to publish 
statistics regarding workloads, including those related to the 
number of cases where visa overstay is a relevant factor and 
the median days pending for both detained and non-detained 
cases.
    Immigration Efficiency.--EOIR is encouraged to collaborate 
with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to explore 
efficiencies with regard to the co-location of DHS and DOJ 
components with immigration related responsibilities, including 
immigration courts, DHS asylum officers, medical care 
practitioners, and both Customs and Border Protection and 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) immigration officers.
    Alternatives to detention (ATD) program.--The Committee 
directs EOIR to increase the priority of individuals enrolled 
in the Immigration and Customs Enforcement ATD program. Many 
ATD enrollees will be terminated from the program due to the 
enormous volume of pending cases on EOIR's non-detained docket 
schedule. EOIR should coordinate with DHS to ensure that 
individuals are appropriately identified and scheduled in an 
expedited ATD docket. The Committee directs EOIR to submit a 
report on the efforts to the Committee within 90 days of 
enactment of this Act.
    Video teleconferencing.--The Committee is concerned about 
EOIRs rapid expansion of video teleconferencing (VTC), 
especially its increased use of VTC in individual merits 
hearings for vulnerable populations including family units. The 
Committee directs EOIR to limit the use of VTC to non-
determinative proceedings to the extent practicable. EOIR shall 
make publicly available all policies and procedures related to 
EOIRs use of VTC, including policies and procedures for EOIR's 
new immigration adjudication centers, and provide quarterly 
reports to the Committee on the number and type of hearings 
conducted by VTC, including data on appeals related to the use 
of VTC and the number of in-person hearing motions filed.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $105,500,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), $4,500,000 above fiscal year 2019. 
This amount fully funds the fiscal year 2020 request, 
adjustments necessary to sustain current services, and the 
enhancements requested for data analytics and the cyber 
investigation office.

                    United States Parole Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $13,308,000 for the United States 
Parole Commission.

                            Legal Activities


            SALARIES AND EXPENSES, GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $934,600,000 for General Legal 
Activities. Within the total provided, the Committee includes 
$5,000,000 for the Criminal Section of the Civil Rights 
Division to implement the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights 
Crimes Reauthorization Act of 2016. Funding is also included to 
fund requested positions to strengthen consumer protection 
enforcement, and funding is continued at not less than the 
fiscal year 2019 level to sustain Office of International 
Affairs (OIA) operations and its Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty 
reforms.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by office and decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Office of the Solicitor General.......................       $12,488,000
Tax Division..........................................       114,931,000
Criminal Division.....................................       197,387,000
Civil Division........................................       299,538,000
Environment and Natural Resources Division............       109,552,000
Office of Legal Counsel...............................         7,989,000
Civil Rights Division.................................       153,588,000
INTERPOL..............................................        34,444,000
Office of the Pardon Attorney.........................         4,683,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, General Legal Activities...................      $934,600,000
 

    Civil Rights Division.--Not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Department 
shall submit to the Committee a report detailing: the number of 
investigations opened in each section of the Civil Rights 
Division; the number of suits filed in Federal court by each 
section of the Civil Rights Division; and the number of cases 
that reached a final disposition (settlement, consent decree, 
or judgment) by each section of the Civil Rights Division. For 
each case, the report should indicate the animating statute and 
type of case the Division brought (for instance, if the case 
was brought under the Civil Rights Act, then the information 
should detail what type of claim and what Title the claim was 
brought under). The Department shall detail the number of cases 
appealed, and the type of case and claim involved. Lastly, the 
report shall include the number of current staff (and the 
specific number of attorneys) assigned to each section of the 
Civil Rights Division for each time period.
    Consent decrees.--The Committee notes the importance of the 
Department of Justice's obligation to enforce settlements and 
consent decrees negotiated under civil rights statutes, 
including but not limited to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the 
Voting Rights Act of 1965, the Fair Housing Act of 1968, and 
the pattern or practice investigations provisions under the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 and the 
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The 
Committee directs the Department to enforce vigorously all 
consent decrees negotiated under any civil rights statute and 
directs the Department to report not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act on the status of its enforcement efforts.
    Impact of Shelby County v. Holder.--The Committee is 
concerned that as a result of the Supreme Court's decision in 
Shelby County v. Holder, the Civil Rights Division has had to 
undertake resource-intensive litigation in order to fulfill its 
responsibility under the Voting Rights Act to ensure equal 
access to elections regardless of race, ethnicity, and 
linguistic ability. The Committee directs the Department to 
report to the Committee not later than 90 days after enactment 
of this Act on how the Shelby County decision has affected the 
ability of the Voting Section to enforce Federal voting laws, 
including its ability to adequately monitor and ensure the fair 
administration of the 2020 Presidential election.
    Fair housing enforcement.--The Committee is deeply 
concerned about the adequacy of the Department's enforcement of 
racial discrimination provisions of the Fair Housing Act of 
1968 (FHA), and directs the Department to report to the 
Committee not later than one year after enactment of this Act 
on FHA racial discrimination cases brought between fiscal years 
2015 and 2020. This report shall list the number of Department 
of Housing and Urban Development housing discrimination case 
referrals received, the number of lawsuits filed, the number of 
consent decrees signed, and the number of any other settlement 
agreements entered into by the Department for FHA enforcement 
over this period. This report shall also identify funding and 
staffing that the Department devoted to disparate impact 
enforcement cases during this period.
    Section 203 compliance.--The Committee appreciates 
receiving the Department's 2017 and 2018 report on compliance 
with Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act and reiterates the 
importance of enforcing the language assistance provisions of 
the Voting Rights Act on behalf of the covered language 
minorities. The Committee believes data about such enforcement 
efforts should be publicly available, recognizing that the 
Voting Section of the Civil Rights Division of the Department 
of Justice has investigated and come to agreements with several 
counties to bring them into compliance with Section 203 of the 
Voting Rights Act. The Committee directs the Department to 
include in its fiscal year 2021 budget request an update of 
that report for fiscal year 2019, to include the number of 
Section 203 cases investigated, broken down by language(s) 
involved; the number of investigations opened and number 
closed, by reason closed (e.g., not enough evidence of non-
compliance available, no evidence of non-compliance, etc.); the 
average number of Section 203 investigations per attorney; and 
the average length of time per Section 203 investigation.
    Elder justice.--The Committee recognizes the harmful impact 
of elder fraud, including but not limited to telemarketing, 
mass-mail, and tech-support fraud schemes. The Committee 
encourages the Consumer Protection Branch of the Civil Division 
to redouble its efforts to deter, investigate, and prosecute 
individuals and entities responsible for elder fraud and abuse, 
and has included the requested funding increase for consumer 
protection and fraud investigation.
    Human trafficking.--The Civil Rights Division shall 
prioritize funding for the Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit 
and the Department's Anti-Trafficking Coordination Teams to 
investigate and prosecute human traffickers. The Committee 
directs the Department to work with victim service providers 
and non-governmental organizations assisting trafficking 
victims in the United States.
    Global Magnitsky Human Rights Act.--The Committee 
encourages the Department to hire additional personnel in the 
Criminal and Civil Divisions to increase the Department's 
ability to assemble and vet the large number of case files of 
individuals and entities subject to Global Magnitsky sanctions 
under Public Law 114-328, Subtitle F.
    Animal Fighting.--Animal fighting is a crime that causes 
undue suffering to animals and is linked to violent criminal 
gangs and drug trafficking. The Environment Crimes Section 
(ECS) of the Environment and Natural Resources Division (ENRD) 
has responsibility within the Department for criminal 
prosecutions arising from Federal animal protection laws, 
including enforcement of animal fighting statutes 7 U.S.C. 2156 
and 18 U.S.C. 49. However, the Committee is concerned that the 
Department has not made it a priority to enforce animal welfare 
crimes. It therefore directs the Department to report not later 
than 180 days after enactment of this Act on steps ENRD is 
taking to enforce animal fighting statutes and other animal 
welfare crimes in the States and U.S. territories; how ENRD 
measures its performance of this responsibility; and how the 
Department coordinates its efforts with the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture's Office of Inspector General on enforcement of 
such laws.

                 VACCINE INJURY COMPENSATION TRUST FUND

    The recommendation includes $13,000,000, as requested, as a 
reimbursement from the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund 
for the costs of litigating cases under the National Childhood 
Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-660).

               SALARIES AND EXPENSES, ANTITRUST DIVISION

    The Committee recommends $166,755,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Antitrust Division, $1,778,000 above fiscal 
year 2019 and the same as the request. The recommended funding 
level is offset by $141,000,000 in estimated fee collections 
for a net direct appropriation of $25,755,000.
    Generic pharmaceutical antitrust.--The Committee is aware 
of a Federal Trade Commission study showing that some 
pharmaceutical companies use anticompetitive, pay-for-delay 
patent settlements that cost consumers $3.5 billion in higher 
drug costs every year by restricting access to effective and 
less expensive generic drugs. The Committee encourages the 
Antitrust Division to pursue antitrust cases against such 
companies and directs the Department to report not later than 
120 days after enactment of this Act on the funding and full-
time equivalent staffing it devoted to such generic drug 
pharmaceutical antitrust investigations and litigation for 
fiscal year 2018 and planned for fiscal years 2019 and 2020. 
The report should also include the actual and expected numbers 
of consent decrees, cases filed, and out of court settlements 
resulting from such efforts.

             SALARIES AND EXPENSES, UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS

    The Committee recommends $2,329,800,000 for the Executive 
Office for United States Attorneys and the 94 United States 
Attorneys' offices, which is $117,800,000 above fiscal year 
2019 and $75,259,000 above the request. The increase is 
provided to sustain hiring and program operations funded in 
fiscal year 2019 to meet rising workload for the investigation 
and prosecution of terrorism, and other serious crime such as 
drug trafficking and cybercrime, and includes increases of $5.8 
million for violent crime and $4.3 million for opioid 
trafficking investigations and prosecutions.
    The Committee recommendation includes $1,747,080,000 for 
criminal litigation; $553,329,000 for civil litigation; and 
$29,391,000 for legal education.
    Human trafficking.--The recommendation continues bill 
language requiring that each U.S. Attorney participate in human 
trafficking task forces, and the Department shall continue to 
submit semiannual reports on the performance of these task 
forces. The Committee directs the EOUSA, in consultation with 
the United States Attorneys, to provide sufficient support and 
training and technical assistance to each Assistant U.S. 
Attorney designated as the lead human trafficking prosecutor, 
consistent with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act. 
Designating a point of contact will improve communication and 
coordination within each jurisdiction, including with victim 
service organizations, to better serve the victims of human 
trafficking and forced labor. In addition, the Committee also 
directs the EOUSA, in consultation with the Department of 
Homeland Security, to develop a process to enable survivors 
with T-visas to obtain expedited letters of support from the 
Department of Justice when their criminal cases are closed.
    Drug trafficking and money laundering enforcement.--The 
Committee expects the Department to continue to make drug 
trafficking and money laundering enforcement an investigative 
and prosecutorial priority for Federal prosecutors, and to 
report on these efforts in the Department's fiscal year 2021 
budget request.
    Immigration prosecutions.--The Committee directs the 
Department to report to the Committee, on a quarterly basis, to 
begin no later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, on 
defendants who are charged with violations of 8 U.S.C. 1325 and 
8 U.S.C. 1326 (improper entry or illegal reentry). The data 
should be broken out by U.S. Attorney district, and if 
possible, by defendants' nationality, gender, race, and age.

                   UNITED STATES TRUSTEE SYSTEM FUND

    The Committee recommends $227,229,000 for the United States 
Trustee Program.

      SALARIES AND EXPENSES, FOREIGN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT COMMISSION

    The Committee recommends $2,335,000 for the Foreign Claims 
Settlement Commission, which is equal to the request.

                     FEES AND EXPENSES OF WITNESSES

    The Committee recommends $270,000,000, which is the same 
amount as fiscal year 2019 and the request, for fees and 
expenses of witnesses who appear on behalf of the Government in 
cases in which the United States is a party. This appropriation 
is considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes.

           SALARIES AND EXPENSES, COMMUNITY RELATIONS SERVICE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $17,000,000 for the Community 
Relations Service (CRS), and rejects the proposed absorption of 
CRS into the Civil Rights Division. This includes an increase 
of $1,500,000 above fiscal year 2019 to implement Public Law 
114-325, the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crimes 
Reauthorization Act of 2016. CRS has a unique role to play in 
the Justice Department. While not a law enforcement agency, CRS 
operates in all U.S. States and territories to advance justice 
and reconciliation by working with all parties, including State 
and local government units, private and public organizations, 
civil rights groups, and community leaders, to uncover the 
underlying interests of all involved in conflicts. It 
facilitates the development of mutual understanding in 
communities challenged by tension and conflict and helps them 
develop local capacity and tools to defuse tension and prevent 
hate crimes from reoccurring.

                         ASSETS FORFEITURE FUND

    The Committee recommends $20,514,000 for expenses 
authorized by subparagraphs (B), (F), and (G) of section 
524(c)(1) of title 28, United States Code. This amount is the 
same as the fiscal year 2019 amount and the budget request.
    Section 528 of the bill requires the Department to submit a 
spending plan for fiscal year 2020. The Committee directs the 
Department to include in this plan proposed spending from the 
Fund, to include estimates of: Fund balances; equitable sharing 
payments; Joint Law Enforcement Operations obligations; and 
obligations by component.

                     United States Marshals Service


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $1,444,600,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the United States Marshals Service (USMS), 
which is $86,600,000 above fiscal year 2019 and $71,184,000 
above the request. The recommendation sustains initiatives 
funded in fiscal year 2019; provides for additional Deputy U.S. 
Marshals for priority violent crime and gang initiatives; 
provides for continued aviation support; and supports 
consolidation of protective detail operations. Within the 
funding provided, the recommendation supports enhanced 
enforcement of laws relating to international travel of sex 
offenders, including through the Angel Watch Center.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Judicial and Courthouse Security......................      $485,215,000
Fugitive Apprehension.................................       563,478,000
Prisoner Security and Transportation..................       268,379,000
Protection of Witnesses...............................        61,163,000
Tactical Operations...................................        66,365,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Salaries and Expenses......................    $1,444,600,000
 

    Coordinated Information Sharing to Ensure Integrity of Sex 
Offender Tracking Systems.--Law enforcement agencies require 
the best information on criminals under their jurisdiction. The 
Committee encourages USMS, within funding provided, to support 
the National Sex Offender Targeting Center (NSOTC) in 
implementing coordinated information sharing to ensure the 
integrity of Federal, State and local sex offender tracking 
systems through the NOTICE, NSA Connect, and Alert 10-23 
programs. The Committee hopes such support will help the NSOTC 
improve the exchange of information on offenders and 
communication among registry personnel.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $15,000,000, which is the same 
amount as fiscal year 2019, and $29,000 above the request, for 
construction and related expenses in space controlled, occupied 
or used by USMS for prisoner holding and related support. The 
Committee expects USMS to apply this funding to its top 
priority projects.

                       FEDERAL PRISONER DETENTION

    The Committee recommends $1,792,461,000 for Federal 
Prisoner Detention, which is $240,064,000 above fiscal year 
2019 and $75,000,000 below the request. The increase in funding 
will help the USMS support anticipated increases for housing, 
medical, and transportation costs of the USMS detainee 
population.
    USMS Contract Detention.--Within 120 days of enactment of 
this Act, the USMS shall submit a report on detention 
facilities used for Federal Prisoner Detention as of October 1, 
2019. The report should list, for each such facility: its 
location; whether it is owned by a Federal, State, local law 
enforcement or private entity, and whether it is operated under 
contract with a private entity. The report should also 
identify, for fiscal years 2018 and 2019, any USMS contracts 
that allowed non-DOJ Federal agency detainees to be held in a 
USMS-contracted facility; the number of times such provisions 
were exercised; and the number of non-USMS detainees housed in 
USMS or USMS-contracted facilities.

                       National Security Division


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $109,585,000 for the National 
Security Division (NSD), which is $8,216,000 above fiscal year 
2019 and the same as the request. This amount will help NSD 
meet its growing national security and counterterrorism 
workload, including its responsibilities under the Foreign 
Intelligence Surveillance Act and the Foreign Agents 
Registration Act (FARA). Additional resources, as requested, 
are included to enable NSD to meet intensifying cyber and 
intelligence threats, and support expanded responsibilities 
related to foreign investment reviews.
    Foreign Agent Registration Act.--The Committee is concerned 
about the Department's current guidance regarding the FARA 
commercial exception. The Committee believes the guidance has 
allowed U.S. agents of some state-owned enterprises, which are 
wholly-owned by their governments, to dodge FARA requirements, 
even though such enterprises take actions that directly promote 
the political and policy interests of their government owners. 
Accordingly, the Committee directs the Department to issue 
updated guidance requiring U.S. agents of wholly state-owned 
enterprises to register under FARA in those circumstances where 
the lobbying and public-relations efforts of such foreign firms 
promote not only the commercial interest of the entity, but 
also the foreign government's stated political and policy 
interests. In addition, the Committee directs the Department to 
report to the Committee not later than 90 days after enactment 
of this Act on the feasibility of requiring all filings by 
foreign agents to be made in an electronic data format that 
could be published in a digital format available to the public.
    Counsel for Domestic Terrorism.--The growing threat posed 
by domestic terrorism, particularly homegrown violent and 
racist extremism, justifies a commensurate response by the 
Department. The Committee encourages the Department to consider 
elevating the position of Counsel for Domestic Terrorism to the 
rank of Deputy Assistant Attorney General, with sufficient 
staff and resources to meet rising investigative and 
prosecution workload.

                      Interagency Law Enforcement


                 INTERAGENCY CRIME AND DRUG ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee recommends $570,000,000 for Interagency Crime 
and Drug Enforcement, which is $10,000,000 above fiscal year 
2019 and $19,542,000 above the request. Funds included under 
this heading will support interagency Organized Crime Drug 
Enforcement Task Forces (OCDETF), which target high-level drug 
trafficking organizations through coordinated, multi-
jurisdictional investigations. This funding level will sustain 
initiatives begun in fiscal year 2019. $2,000,000 of the 
increase is provided for the National Opioid Initiative to 
support the anticipated rising number of opioid cases.
    Decision unit subtotals.--The recommendation includes 
$396,000,000 for investigations and $174,000,000 for 
prosecutions. The Committee expects OCDETF to enhance its 
investigative, intelligence, and prosecutorial efforts through 
OCDETF-led activities, including the OCDETF Fusion Center, 
OCDETF Co-located Strike Forces and the International Organized 
Crime Intelligence and Operations Center, and direct 
collaboration with State and local law enforcement, United 
States Attorneys' offices and the Criminal Division. The 
Committee expects OCDETF to focus additional resources on 
targeting opioid trafficking organizations.
    Full-Time Equivalents (FTE).--The Committee directs the 
Department to submit an updated report on historical 
investigative and prosecutorial FTE levels for OCDETF 
concurrent with its fiscal year 2021 budget request at the 
level of detail provided in its December 12, 2018, report to 
the Committee. The report should include actual and projected 
investigative and prosecutorial FTE devoted to OCDETF cases for 
fiscal years 2020-2022, broken out by agency and funding 
source.

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $9,455,928,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 
which is $263,791,000 above fiscal year 2019 and $198,501,000 
above the request. The increase will sustain programs carried 
out in fiscal year 2019, despite the interruption caused by the 
2019 lapse in appropriations. Increased funding is included to 
further the FBI's critical missions to counter terrorism and 
protect national security, enhance counterintelligence and 
weapons of mass destruction programs, investigate white-collar 
and hate crime, target domestic extremism, defeat cyber 
threats, and pursue transnational organized criminal 
enterprises. The funding supports the Department's requests to 
boost the capacity and speed of the National Instant Criminal 
Background Check System (NICS), support FBI review of foreign 
travelers and visa applicants, includes an additional $5 
million to implement the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights 
Crimes Reauthorization Act of 2016, and maintains funding for 
shared operational costs of the National Biodefense Analysis 
and Countermeasures Center.
    In addition to support for FBI security missions, the 
Committee expects the FBI will use additional resources 
provided to increase investigation of white-collar, fraud, and 
hate crimes. Increased resources are included to build on 
fiscal year 2019 human trafficking investigations and the 
squads dedicated to such efforts. The additional resources 
should also support deployment of resources to high-crime 
jurisdictions across the United States and all its territories.
    The Committee continues its direction to the FBI to 
allocate its agents and support staff based on unique threats 
and workload of each of the FBI's field offices to ensure that 
resources are effectively deployed to address the agency's 
highest priorities.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Intelligence..........................................    $1,755,037,000
Counterintelligence and National Security.............     3,871,639,000
Criminal Enterprise and Federal Crimes................     3,249,270,000
Criminal Justice Services.............................       579,982,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Salaries and Expenses......................    $9,455,928,000
 

    Human trafficking investigations.--The Committee recognizes 
the complex nature of human trafficking investigations and 
includes funding to sustain and expand them, as well as 
associated intelligence collection, analysis, and sharing. The 
Director is encouraged to allocate additional resources for 
human trafficking cases and continue to designate a lead agent 
in each field office as a point of contact for slavery and 
human trafficking investigations. The Committee applauds the 
FBI for its collaboration with Federal, State, and local 
partners, and hopes it will use these relationships to address 
human trafficking across the country.
    Universal Crime Report.--The Universal Crime Report (UCR) 
provides valuable information to local law enforcement, policy 
makers, researchers and others on crimes and their incidence. 
The UCR provides information on homicides regarding type of 
weapon used, including firearms, but not data on non-fatal 
shootings associated with robberies and aggravated assaults. 
Such information would help law enforcement agencies and 
researchers better assess the impact of policies aimed at 
reducing gun violence. The Committee directs the FBI to report 
to the Committee not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act on the feasibility of collecting non-fatal firearms-related 
incidents as part of the UCR, with an estimate of resources 
needed to accomplish this goal.
    Aviation modernization.--The Committee directs the FBI to 
provide a briefing on its aviation modernization and upgrade 
programs not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act at 
the same level of detail as required by the fiscal year 2017 
and 2018 appropriations Acts. The briefing should also cover 
plans and requirements for any programs to counter unmanned 
aircraft systems.
    Hate Crimes Statistics Act (HCSA).--The Committee urges 
State, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies to include 
the cost of participation in the FBI's Hate Crimes Statistics 
Act (HCSA) program for the purposes of calculating 
extraordinary expenses associated with the investigation and 
prosecution of hate crimes under Public Law 111-84 section 
4704(b)(3).
    Integrated medical support for tactical operations.--The 
Committee continues to support FBI use of external partnerships 
through its Operational Medicine Program to assist medical 
contingency planning and leverage the strengths of academic 
medical center partners to optimize medical support for 
critical missions. The Committee expects the FBI will pursue 
such work and integration across mission areas as appropriate 
and where medical support benefits are identified.
    DNA analysis.--The Committee is aware of past concerns 
regarding delays in uploading DNA data from private 
laboratories to the FBI's CODIS database. The FBI is encouraged 
to continue monitoring profiles awaiting review to ensure no 
backlog exists and ensure efficient review and uploading of 
data to ensure no obstacles exist for rapid DNA matching.
    Racial extremist recruitment.--The Committee is aware that 
a recent Military Times poll showed that one in four U.S. 
service members reported witnessing examples of white 
nationalism among their fellow troops. The Committee has also 
noted reports of members of white extremist organizations 
serving in the Armed Forces. The Committee directs the FBI to 
update its July 7, 2008 report, ``White Supremacist Recruitment 
of Military Personnel since 9/11''. The update should cover all 
incidents in which members of white supremacist organizations 
attempted or were successful in joining the Armed Forces, or in 
which white supremacist organizations attempted to recruit 
active duty members of the Armed Forces.
    Gun violence data.--The Committee is aware of the 2014 FBI/
Texas State University study A Study of Active Shooter 
Incidents in the United States Between 2000 and 2013, and that 
the FBI has subsequently published more recent data using the 
methodology from that study. The Committee is also aware that 
non-governmental organizations, both academic and journalists, 
have compiled and published data on mass shootings. The 
Committee directs the FBI, in collaboration with the Bureau of 
Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) and the 
National Institute of Justice, to report not later than 120 
days after enactment of the Act on efforts to compile, analyze, 
and share gun violence data, and how such efforts can improve 
both documentation of mass shootings and understanding of mass-
shooter motivation.
    Cyber-stalking and threat crimes.--The Committee is 
concerned that the FBI and the Department have not yet 
submitted the report on their actions to address cyber-stalking 
and threat crimes as required by the fiscal year 2018 
Appropriations Act. The Department shall submit this report 
without delay.
    Canine detection of weapons of mass destruction.--The 
Committee expects the Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate 
(WMDD) to continue research, development, education and 
training of Federal, State and local canine detection teams to 
enhance their ability and capacity to detect chemical, 
biological, and emerging threats. The Committee understands 
that the United States relies on foreign breeders for the 
highest quality detection canines, which remains a concern. The 
Directorate is directed to work with academic partners, 
industry, and other government agencies to identify long-term 
solutions to ensure reliability of domestic supply.
    Internet Crime Complaint Center.--The Committee includes 
funding to support the Internet Crime Complaint Center, which 
is an online crime complaint reporting mechanism used to report 
information to the FBI from either the actual victim or from a 
third party to the complainant on any Internet-facilitated 
criminal activity. Information is analyzed and disseminated, 
for investigative and intelligence purposes, to law enforcement 
and for public awareness.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $51,895,000, which is the same as 
the request, for the construction of FBI facilities and related 
activities. Funding in this account will facilitate and 
expedite work on current design and construction projects at 
Quantico, as requested, and address necessary secure work 
environment (SWE) building and modifications.
    FBI Headquarters.--The President requested no funding, and 
the Committee includes no funding, for Headquarters 
consolidation or construction. As the Committee noted last 
year, the informal draft plan released on February 12, 2018, 
left most questions regarding a new headquarters unanswered, 
including the revision of longstanding security requirements 
and capacity requirements in the national capital region. The 
Committee is greatly concerned about the risks and continuing 
costs associated with operating in the current, unsatisfactory 
headquarters. The Department should answer the concerns raised 
by the Committee and take steps to submit a formal prospectus 
to be reviewed and approved by the appropriate committees of 
Congress.

                    Drug Enforcement Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$2,800,000,000 for Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) 
salaries and expenses, of which $443,142,000 is derived from 
fees deposited in the Diversion Control Fund, and 
$2,356,858,000 is provided by direct appropriation. The 
recommended appropriation is $89,858,000 above fiscal year 2019 
and $77,705,000 above the request. The funding sustains 
activities funded in fiscal year 2019 and provides additional 
funds for at least five new heroin enforcement teams; enhanced 
cyber investigative staff and resources; enhanced capabilities 
for dismantling transnational criminal organizations; and 
sustaining Aviation Division equipment refreshment. The 
Committee has provided separate funding recommendations by 
decision unit for salaries and expenses as follows:

 
 
 
International Enforcement.............................      $492,289,000
Domestic Enforcement..................................     1,850,547,000
State and Local Assistance............................        14,022,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Salaries and Expenses......................    $2,356,858,000
 

    The Committee urges the Drug Enforcement Administration to 
expeditiously process any pending applications for 
authorization to produce marijuana exclusively for use in 
medical research.
    Diversion control.--The recommendation includes 
$443,142,000 for the regulatory and enforcement activities of 
DEA's Diversion Control Program. The Diversion Control Program 
is funded by fee collections.
    Methamphetamine lab cleanup.--The funding recommendation 
includes $10,000,000 to assist State, local, and tribal law 
enforcement agencies in efforts to remove and dispose of 
hazardous materials at methamphetamine labs, to include 
training, technical assistance, purchase of equipment and a 
container program.
    Prescription drug and heroin abuse.--The Committee 
continues to place a priority on reducing the crisis of 
prescription drug abuse and the record levels of mortality from 
overdoses of heroin, fentanyl and other opioids. The Committee 
expects DEA to provide the briefing on heroin and prescription 
drug diversion investigations as required pursuant to the 
fiscal year 2019 appropriations Act, to include related drug 
price and quantities, and prosecutions.
    Drug Disposal and Takeback Programs.--The Committee is 
concerned by reports that 90 percent of Americans do not 
appropriately dispose of prescription drugs. The Committee 
supports DEA efforts to help the public safely dispose of 
unused and unwanted prescription drugs through drug takeback 
days and permanent drug disposal sites but believes more can be 
done. The Committee encourages DEA to consider in-home drug 
deactivation and disposal solutions that meet the agency's 
regulatory definition of non-retrievable, and evaluate their 
effectiveness, particularly in areas with high rates of opioid 
misuse or abuse, rural areas, areas with high populations of 
individuals with limited mobility, and areas that lack 
permanent disposal sites.
    Handheld opioid identification technology.--The Committee 
wishes to see DEA's State and Local Clandestine Laboratory 
Training and Clandestine Drug Laboratory Cleanup Program 
equipped with the most accurate trace and bulk detectors, as 
well as effective personal protective equipment. As DEA 
laboratories are acquiring new trace detection capability, the 
Committee encourages the agency to provide its field agents 
access to technology that allows them to identify opioids at 
low concentrations or at trace levels, as well as industrial-
standard personal protection equipment. The Committee directs 
DEA to include, with its submission of its fiscal year 2021 
budget request, a report on requirements for handheld detection 
technology and personal protection equipment, the status of 
providing such equipment, and the cost associated with fielding 
it.
    Destruction of unwanted controlled substances.--The 
Committee encourages DEA to meet with commercial hazardous 
waste management industry members, including many who are 
reverse distributors for the receipt and destruction of 
unwanted controlled substances. Such meetings should include 
discussions about alternative methods of disposal, other than 
incineration, to meet DEA's non-retrievable standard, as well 
as alternative safety measures for the transportation of 
controlled substances for disposal, including secure tamper-
proof evidence packages or security tape sealed drums.

          Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $1,439,000,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and 
Explosives (ATF), which is $122,322,000 above fiscal year 2019 
and $70,560,000 above the request. The recommendation fully 
funds the requested enhancements, provides resources for 
sustaining the enhancements provided in fiscal year 2019, and 
increased funding for both reducing the backlog of National 
Firearms Act applications and the hiring of additional Industry 
Operations Investigators to improve ATF's oversight of Federal 
Firearms Licensees.
    National Integrated Ballistic Information Network 
(NIBIN).--The Committee is encouraged by the promise of 
improved crime gun intelligence and information sharing, and 
expects funding provided in this bill will aid in interdicting 
crime guns and preventing gun trafficking through the NIBIN. 
The Committee encourages ATF to establish a NIBIN presence on 
the Southwest border and looks forward to receiving the update 
described in House Report 115-704.
    Illegal firearms.--The Committee is aware that firearms 
enter the illegal market through a limited number of channels, 
such as straw purchasers, corrupt firearms licensees, 
unlicensed sellers, and firearms theft. Law enforcement needs 
transparent data about these channels in order to develop the 
most effective enforcement strategies to reduce firearms 
trafficking. The last time ATF provided a report describing the 
channels of firearms trafficking was in the year 2000. Since 
that time, the National Tracing Center has collected over five 
million traces of crime guns. Despite explicit authorization to 
release ``statistical aggregate data regarding firearms 
traffickers and trafficking channels, or firearms misuse, 
felons, and trafficking investigations,'' since 2008 ATF has 
only released statistical aggregate data regarding the 
geographical location where crime guns were first sold at 
retail. Within one year of the date of enactment of this Act, 
ATF is directed to release a new report providing updated 
statistical aggregate data regarding trafficking channels and 
trafficking investigations.
    Training and research.--The Committee supports the work of 
the National Center for Explosives Training and Research 
regarding both investigating criminal acts related to 
explosives, bombings, and explosives threats, and training 
involving State and local levels of government, and military 
units.
    Firearms tracing.--The Committee is concerned about the 
high number of incorrect submissions by law enforcement 
agencies to ATF for firearms tracing. The Committee urges ATF 
to increase trace submission training for law enforcement 
agencies.

                         Federal Prison System


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $7,325,000,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Bureau of Prisons (BOP), which is $75,000,000 
above fiscal year 2019 and $263,047,000 above the request. The 
Committee includes funding to fully fund required staffing and 
program costs to implement Public Law 115-291, the First Step 
Act of 2018, as well as requested increases for medically 
assisted treatment, correctional innovations, and initiatives 
to detect and interdict contraband cellphones.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Inmate Care and Programs..............................    $2,807,544,000
Institution Security and Administration...............     3,372,594,000
Management and Administration.........................       250,643,000
Contract Confinement..................................       894,219,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Salaries and Expenses......................    $7,325,000,000
 

    First Step Act.--The Committee includes $75,000,000, as 
authorized under the First Step Act of 2018, to expand and 
develop opportunities for incarcerated individuals to 
participate in evidence-based, recidivism-reducing programming 
and productive activities.
    Augmentation.--Although the Federal inmate population 
continues to decline from its 2013 high, overcrowding remains a 
serious threat to correctional officer safety, particularly at 
high- and medium-security facilities. The Committee repeats its 
direction to BOP to end its overreliance on augmentation; hire 
more full-time correctional officers to eliminate the need to 
augment them with non-custody employees; and improve staffing 
beyond mission critical levels in custody and all other 
departments. BOP shall continue to submit quarterly reports on 
inmate-to-officer ratios, including confirmation that at least 
two correctional officers are on duty for each shift at BOP 
facilities that house high security inmates, as specified in 
the fiscal year 2019 Appropriations Act.
    Trauma-informed programs for female inmates.--The Committee 
supports the provision of trauma treatment to all female 
inmates during the first 12 months of their sentences to 
maximize the impact of such programs and commends the benefits 
of the BOP's Trauma Treatment Program, such as the Resolve 
trauma therapy program. The Committee, however, remains 
concerned about the lengthy waiting list for this therapy 
program, as well as for the prerequisite course. The Committee 
also regrets the lack of trauma programming for non-English 
speaking inmates. The Committee urges BOP to prioritize these 
programs, make them available to all inmates, at the inmates' 
discretion, within the first 12 months of incarceration, and 
expand language access for this trauma programming. The 
Director shall report to the Committee not later than 180 days 
after enactment of this Act on the implementation of these 
recommendations, to include the status of the waiting list for 
participation in such programs.
    Menstrual hygiene products.--The First Step Act of 2018 
(Public Law 115-391) requires the BOP Director to provide 
menstrual hygiene products to prisoners at no cost. The 
Committee directs the Director to provide guidance on the 
distribution and accessibility of these products to all 
prisoners in BOP custody, whether in a Federally-owned facility 
or one administered by a private detention entity, to ensure 
each prisoner who requires these products receives a quantity 
the prisoner deems sufficient. The Committee also directs the 
Director to issue guidance that no visitor is prohibited from 
visiting an incarcerated individual due to such visitor's use 
of menstrual hygiene products. The Director shall report to the 
Committee not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act 
on the implementation of this policy.
    Contraband cell phones.--The Committee encourages the 
Department to continue to work with the Federal Communications 
Commission to address the issue of contraband cell phones and 
other devices. These devices are being used nationwide by 
inmates to plan attacks, promote the distribution of controlled 
substances and weapons, engage in gang activity, and intimidate 
victims, witnesses, and correctional staff. The Committee 
directs BOP to follow up on the efforts described in its 2016 
report to Congress on cell phone detection, managed access 
systems, and signal blocking technology approaches to thwart 
such devices. BOP must ensure that incarcerated individuals who 
use these illicit devices will no longer have access to the 
networks and spectrum to direct activities in or beyond the 
prison.
    First aid kit enhancement.--The Committee is aware that 
first aid products endorsed by the Department of Defense 
Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care (CoTCCC), such as 
hemostatic dressings, help reduce death or trauma caused by 
bleeding. To improve outcomes in crisis situations such as 
assaults by inmates on staff and on other inmates, the 
Committee encourages BOP to incorporate CoTCCC-supported 
dressings in first aid kits at Federal prisons.
    Inmate calling rates.--The Committee directs the 
Department, in consultation with the Federal Communications 
Commission, to submit a report to the Committee not later than 
180 days after enactment of this Act detailing the rates and 
fees paid by people to communicate with inmates held in Federal 
correctional facilities since the D.C. Circuit's decision in 
Global Tel*Link v. Federal Communications Commission, 866 F.3d 
397 (D.C. Cir. 2017). The report shall include inmates 
incarcerated in all types of Federal correctional facilities 
across the country, including contract facilities. The report 
shall also include all types of communications services 
including telephone, video visitation, email, and other types 
of electronic communication.
    Medication assisted treatment.--The Committee encourages 
BOP to make evidence-based relapse prevention treatment options 
available to inmates with a history of opioid dependence.
    Personal firearms.--The Committee recognizes BOP's 
responsibility to control the use of firearms on BOP facilities 
and directs the Bureau to implement fully the Lieutenant 
Osvaldo Albarati Correctional Officer Self-Protection Act of 
2018.
    Parenting programs for pregnant inmates.--The Committee 
recognizes the Mothers and Infants Together (MINT) Program that 
promotes and facilitates mother-child bonding, and the 
Residential Parenting Program, which allows eligible female 
inmates to reside with their child for up to 30 months post-
delivery. The Committee, however, is concerned about the 
underutilization of these programs, and thereby directs BOP to 
issue guidance to communicate parenting program opportunities 
and eligibility criteria to each employee and pregnant inmate, 
and to collect relevant data to assess pregnant inmates' 
interest and participation. Lastly, the Committee urges the 
Bureau to adhere to the Female Offender Manual and allow, at 
the least, a minimum of six months participation in the MINT 
Program. The Committee directs BOP to submit a report not later 
than 180 days after the enactment of this Act on the strategic 
plan to address these concerns.
    Prison Rape Elimination Act.--The Committee expects BOP 
will continue to implement the Prison Rape Elimination Act and 
notes that facility audits are a key component in helping 
agencies move their sexual abuse prevention and response 
policies from written documents to everyday practices. Congress 
recently made changes to the audit process to ensure greater 
oversight of the audit process and improved audits. The 
Committee supports the Department providing the necessary 
resources to carry out this work.
    Prison recidivism animal programs.--Section 608(a)(2) of 
Public Law 115-391 directs BOP to establish pilot programs that 
incorporate training programs with prisoners and abandoned or 
vulnerable animals to reduce the recidivism of incarcerated 
individuals, better preparing them for reentering society upon 
release. The Committee urges the Department of Justice and BOP 
to implement this section and report to the Committee not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act on the steps it has 
taken to achieve this goal.
    Rapid testing for infectious diseases.--The Committee notes 
the healthcare challenges posed by infectious diseases like 
HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C and acknowledges that such challenges 
are likely to grow as opioid epidemic-related infection rates 
continue to increase. BOP is encouraged to examine 
opportunities to increase rapid testing for these diseases and 
ensure affected individuals are aware of their health status.
    Educational programs.--The Committee supports the 
Department's coordination and collaboration with Historically 
Black Colleges and Universities to provide educational programs 
for recently-released and soon-to-be-released criminal 
offenders to assist them in obtaining skills that will help 
them successfully transition back into their communities and 
reduce recidivism rates.
    Formerly incarcerated women.--The Committee is concerned 
about the many challenges faced by formerly incarcerated 
individuals --particularly women, who make up the fastest 
growing incarcerated population in the country--as they 
reintegrate into their communities. Accordingly, the Committee 
directs the Department of Justice to conduct a study on the 
most common challenges faced by formerly incarcerated women 
(unemployment, underemployment, family reunification, job 
training and skills development re-entry programing, access to 
stable housing, mental health and substance abuse services) and 
provide its findings and recommendations on ways to better 
mitigate recidivism of formerly incarcerated women at the time 
it submits its fiscal year 2021 budget request.

                        BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends $150,000,000 for the construction, 
acquisition, modernization, maintenance, and repair of prison 
and detention facilities housing Federal inmates. This amount 
is $114,000,000 below fiscal year 2019, and $50,795,000 above 
the request.
    The Committee directs the Bureau to apply the funding, 
including the increase above the request, to reduce its 
longstanding maintenance and repair backlog, including 
communication equipment to support the BOP mission. BOP shall 
continue to provide monthly status of construction reports and 
notify the Committee of any changes reflected in those reports.
    Detention facility infrastructure.--The Committee supports 
efforts to ensure that Federal detainees are held in humane 
conditions, especially those who are detained in Federally-
operated facilities. The Committee was disturbed by reports of 
critical HVAC and electrical systems failures at Metropolitan 
Detention Center, Brooklyn. Therefore, the Committee directs 
the Department to conduct and publish a report by October 1, 
2020, on the current state of detention facility infrastructure 
in facilities operated by BOP, and facilities housing Federal 
detainees in private contracted facilities, including those 
that house BOP detainees on a contractual agreement basis with 
other Federal agencies. Such report should outline and define 
inadequate facility conditions that would potentially 
constitute a violation of the Federal right, as defined in 
section 3626, under Subchapter C of chapter 229 of Part II of 
title 18, United States Code. Such report shall include the 
number of facilities that exhibit conditions potentially 
violating the Federal right, including infrastructure 
deficiencies and challenges relating to the maintenance or 
repair thereof. For the purposes of determining if a deficiency 
may potentially constitute a violation of the Federal right, 
such deficiencies shall include, but are not limited to: (1) 
building core heating; (2) cooling and electrical systems; (3) 
emergency or backup systems; (4) building shell insulation; and 
(5) water leaks, mold, or mildew-related conditions impacting 
water infrastructure. The report shall also describe the 
mechanisms to be employed by BOP to repair, remedy, mitigate, 
or resolve such potential violations, and the estimated cost of 
such mechanisms.

   LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES, FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, 
                              INCORPORATED

    The Committee recommends a limitation on administrative 
expenses of $2,700,000 for Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated, which is the same as fiscal year 2019.

               State and Local Law Enforcement Activities

    In total, the Committee recommends $3,401,800,000 for State 
and local law enforcement and crime prevention grant programs, 
including $2,702,300,000 in discretionary appropriations.
    STOP School Violence Act.--The recommendation provides 
$125,000,000 for the STOP School Violence Act grant program. 
Within this amount, $93,750,000 is provided to the Bureau of 
Justice Assistance (BJA) for evidence-based school safety 
programs outlined in the Act and $31,250,000 is provided to the 
Community Oriented Policing Service (COPS) program. Through the 
STOP School Violence Act program, school districts should use 
funds for security hardening measures; evidence-based school 
threat assessments and trainings for school personnel and 
students to identify threats of school violence; locks, 
lighting, ballistic glass and other deterrent measures; safety 
and security of school premises by utilizing design elements 
and principles; and technology for expedited notification of 
local law enforcement during an emergency.
    The Committee reminds the Department of Justice that the 
COPS Hiring program may include grant award categories for 
School Resource Officers and directs the Department to provide 
a preference for hiring such officers.
    The Committee recognizes the vital role of school design in 
the development and achievement of evidence-based strategies 
and programs related to school facility safety and security. 
Through the STOP School Violence Act grant program, school 
districts should consider using funds to compose school 
building design plans that strengthen the safety and security 
of school premises by utilizing design elements, principles, 
and technology that guarantee layers of security throughout the 
school premises and uphold the aesthetics of the school 
premises as a learning and teaching environment. The Committee 
clarifies that architecture and design services related to safe 
school design are allowable uses of STOP School Violence Act 
grant funding.
    First STEP Act implementation.--The Committee acknowledges 
that an improved risk assessment system is essential for the 
accurate measurement of the dynamic risks and needs of 
incarcerated people. The Committee recognizes the importance of 
a transparent and timely process for setting up the Independent 
Review Committee (IRC). Furthermore, the Committee recognizes 
the importance of appointing members to the IRC who are 
geographically representative of all correctional facility 
communities across the U.S. and who have extensive knowledge of 
dynamic risk and needs assessment in both institutional and 
community settings. The Committee encourages the National 
Institute of Justice (NIJ) to move forward on implementation of 
the IRC as quickly as feasible.
    Office for Victims of Crime (OVC).--The recommendation 
provides $2,838,000,000 for the Crime Victims Fund. Within 
available resources, OVC may implement Vision 21, which seeks 
to bring better technology, planning, research, and data into 
the crime victims services field. The Committee recognizes the 
importance of grants for national hotlines serving victims and 
directs the Department to continue funding these programs.
    The Committee directs OVC to provide an updated report to 
the Committee, not later than 90 days after the enactment of 
this Act, on the actions it is taking to ensure Crime Victims 
Fund resources are reaching communities most affected by 
violence.
    Tribal assistance.--The recommendation includes the 
requested seven percent set-aside for tribal grants.
    Opioids.--The Committee directs the Department, unless 
otherwise specified, to dedicate no less than the fiscal year 
2019 levels of opioid-related funding for opioid activities in 
non-Opioid Initiative programs.
    Persistent Poverty.--The Committee is concerned about 
access to DOJ grant funding in high-poverty areas and 
persistent-poverty counties. For purposes of this Act, the term 
``high-poverty area'' means any census tract with a poverty 
rate of at least 20 percent as measured by the 2013-2017 5-year 
data series available from the American Community Survey of the 
Census Bureau and the term ``persistent poverty counties'' 
means any county that has had 20 percent or more of its 
population living in poverty over the past 30 years, as 
measured by the 1990 and 2000 decennial censuses and the most 
recent Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates. When scoring 
competitive grant applications, the Department is directed to 
add additional priority, where practicable, to applications 
from grantees who can demonstrate that the individuals who will 
benefit from such grants reside in high-poverty areas or 
persistent-poverty counties. In addition, the Department shall 
provide guidance to such prospective grantees, especially prior 
to their application submissions, including to help determine 
whether they qualify for additional priority.
    In addition, the Committee directs the Department to submit 
a report to the Committee on the percentage of funds allocated 
by each program in fiscal years 2017, 2018, and 2019 and 
estimates for fiscal year 2020 to serve populations living in 
persistent poverty counties and high-poverty areas. The 
Department shall report this information to the Committee 
within 90 days of such data being available and provide a 
briefing to the Committee not later than 180 days of enactment 
of this Act on how the Department is carrying out this 
directive.

                    Office on Violence Against Women


       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $582,500,000 for the Office on 
Violence Against Women (OVW), which is $85,000,000 above fiscal 
year 2019, and $90,000,000 above the request. Funds are to be 
distributed as follows:

       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
STOP Grants.............................................        $222,000
Transitional Housing Assistance.........................          41,000
Research and Evaluation on Violence Against Women.......           3,000
Consolidated Youth-Oriented Program.....................          20,000
Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies.....................          62,000
    Homicide Reduction Initiative.......................         (4,000)
Sexual Assault Victims Services.........................          50,000
Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement.....          50,000
Violence on College Campuses............................          26,000
Civil Legal Assistance..................................          57,000
Elder Abuse Grant Program...............................           9,000
Family Civil Justice....................................          22,000
Education and Training for Disabled Female Victims......           9,000
National Resource Center on Workplace Responses.........           1,000
Research on Violence Against Indian Women...............           1,000
Indian Country--Sexual Assault Clearinghouse............           1,000
Tribal Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction..           5,000
Rape Survivor Child Custody Act.........................           3,500
                                                         ===============
  TOTAL, Violence Against Women Prevention and                  $582,500
   Prosecution Programs.................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Human trafficking.--The Committee encourages OVW to ensure 
that the Transitional Housing Program can assist victims of 
human trafficking, and the Committee urges DOJ to take these 
victims into consideration when distributing OVW funds.
    Rural victims.--Victims of sexual assault living in rural 
communities are typically reluctant to report to law 
enforcement for fear of being exposed. The Committee encourages 
the OVW to implement projects that reduce barriers to the 
reporting of crime in rural areas, colonias, and persistent 
poverty counties and report to the Committee within 90 days of 
the date of enactment of this Act.
    Grant administration.--The Committee supports OVW plans to 
streamline grant administration, management, and oversight 
functions by converting manual processes and related forms to a 
web-based, online workflow process.

                       Office of Justice Programs


                  RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND STATISTICS

    The Committee recommends $80,000,000 for Research, 
Evaluation and Statistics, which is the same as fiscal year 
2019 and $14,500,000 below the request. Funds are distributed 
as follows:

                   RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND STATISTICS
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bureau of Justice Statistics............................         $43,000
  NCS-X Implementation Program..........................         (5,000)
National Institute of Justice...........................          37,000
  First Step Act........................................         (1,500)
  Domestic Radicalization Research......................         (5,000)
  Research on School Safety.............................         (1,000)
  Juvenile Online Victimization Survey..................         (1,000)
  National Center for Restorative Justice...............         (3,000)
  Corrections Related Research..........................         (3,000)
                                                         ===============
    TOTAL, Research, Evaluation and Statistics..........         $80,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Pretrial detention.--The Committee directs the Bureau of 
Justice Statistics (BJS) to collect information analyzing the 
population of individuals detained pretrial in local jails, 
State and Federal facilities, and private facilities under 
contract to Federal, State, and local authorities and report 
back to the Committee within 180 days of the date of enactment 
of this Act. The report should include the number of 
individuals detained pretrial; the median duration of the 
pretrial detention period; the number of individuals detained 
pretrial who were offered financial release or not offered 
financial release; and the number of individuals who were 
offered financial release but remained detained because they 
could not pay the amount required. All data should be 
disaggregated by demographic and the level of the offense 
charged.
    Misdemeanors.--The Committee is concerned with the lack of 
reliable data from States and local jurisdictions on the 
processing of misdemeanor arrests. As the largest aspect of our 
criminal system, it is vitally important to ensure justice is 
being administered in a fair and equitable manner. In 
recognition of limited resources, the Committee therefore urges 
the BJS to collect demographic data from a select number of 
large metropolitan jurisdictions that includes information on 
the race, ethnicity, and gender, as well as key socioeconomic 
factors, of each misdemeanor defendant, the type of offense 
charged, and the sentence imposed. The Committee also urges the 
Bureau to report on its progress within 180 days of enactment 
of this Act.
    Forensics.--The Committee encourages National Institute of 
Justice (NIJ) to explore partnerships with accredited 
universities of higher education for the purpose of providing 
national learning opportunities for law enforcement, district 
attorneys, and primary care physicians within functioning 
forensic laboratory and death investigation facilities. These 
partnerships should focus on collaboration between State 
departments of forensic science working in partnership with 
universities and local district attorneys, to provide a 
facility of prominence for forensic science education, 
training, research, and service, which will benefit current 
practitioners in the field as well as future forensic 
scientists.
    Human trafficking research.--The Committee acknowledges the 
difficulty in estimating the prevalence of human trafficking, 
and the corresponding difficulty in gauging the effectiveness 
of the criminal justice system's response to the problem. 
Research can play an invaluable role in understanding 
prevalence and effectiveness through improved data collection 
and analysis. The Committee encourages the NIJ to continue 
funding research into human trafficking.
    Opioid research.--The Committee recognizes that in-depth 
examination of fatal opioid overdoses, including fatalities 
following prior non-fatal overdoses, and trends in the 
evolution, trafficking, and use of illegally manufactured 
opioid analogues, in combination with existing illegal drugs, 
can yield valuable information for law enforcement, hospitals, 
treatment providers, and prosecutors as they identify effective 
policy, interventions, and prevention strategies. The Committee 
urges NIJ to support regional efforts to undertake such 
comprehensive opioid fatality research.
    Cybercrime.--The Committee remains concerned about the lack 
of information on crimes committed against individuals and 
facilitated by the interstate telecommunications system and 
notes that the fiscal year 2019 Appropriations Act required NIJ 
to issue a report analyzing these crimes. The Department is 
directed to submit the report in a timely manner to ensure the 
Committee has the information necessary to assess and deal with 
these crimes.
    High-risk vehicle events.--The Committee encourages the BJS 
to develop a data collection process to accurately capture the 
number of deaths and injuries from police pursuit and high-risk 
vehicle events.

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $1,933,000,000 for State and Local 
Law Enforcement Assistance programs, which is $210,000,000 
above fiscal year 2019 and $450,800,000 above the request. 
Funds are distributed as follows:

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants............            $530,250
    Officer Robert Wilson III VALOR Initiative......            (15,000)
    Smart Policing..................................             (7,500)
    Smart Prosecution...............................            (10,000)
    Juvenile Indigent Defense.......................             (4,000)
    Convention security.............................           (100,000)
    NamUS...........................................             (3,600)
    Training Program to improve Responses to People              (2,500)
     with Mental Illness............................
    John R. Justice Grant Program...................             (2,000)
    Capital Litigation and Wrongful Conviction                   (7,000)
     Review.........................................
    Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution..........            (15,500)
    Emergency Federal Law Enforcement Assistance....             (2,000)
    Managed Access Systems..........................             (2,000)
    Kevin and Avonte's Law..........................             (2,000)
    Regional Law Enforcement Technology Initiative..             (3,000)
    Community Based Violence Prevention.............             (8,000)
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program.............             260,000
Victims of Trafficking Grants.......................             100,000
Economic, High-tech, White Collar and Cybercrime                  14,000
 Prevention.........................................
    Intellectual Property Enforcement Program.......             (2,500)
    Digital Investigation Education Program.........             (2,000)
Adam Walsh Act Implementation.......................              20,000
Bulletproof Vests Partnerships......................              25,000
    Transfer to NIST/OLES...........................             (1,500)
National Sex Offender Public Website................               1,000
National Instant Criminal Background Check Systems                80,000
 (NICS) Initiative..................................
    NICS Acts Record Improvement Program............            (27,500)
Paul Coverdell Forensic Science.....................              30,000
DNA Initiative......................................             142,000
    Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grants.................           (100,000)
    State and Local Forensic Activities.............            (30,000)
    Kirk Bloodsworth Post-Conviction DNA Testing                 (8,000)
     Grants.........................................
    Sexual Assault Forensic Exam Program Grants.....             (4,000)
Community Teams to Reduce the Sexual Assault Kit                  49,000
 (SAK) Backlog......................................
CASA--Special Advocates.............................              12,000
Second Chance Act/ Reoffender Reentry...............             106,500
    Smart Probation.................................             (6,000)
    Children of Incarcerated Parents Demo Grants....             (5,000)
    Pay for Success.................................             (7,500)
    Pay for Success (Permanent Supportive Housing                (5,000)
     Model).........................................
    Project HOPE Opportunity Probation with                      (4,000)
     Enforcement....................................
STOP School Violence Act............................              93,750
    Center for Campus Safety........................             (2,000)
Community Trust Initiative..........................              80,000
    Body Worn Camera Partnership Program............            (25,000)
    Justice Reinvestment Initiative.................            (35,000)
    Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program.......            (20,000)
Opioid Initiative...................................             375,000
    Drug Courts.....................................            (83,000)
    Veterans Treatment Courts.......................            (25,000)
    Residential Substance Abuse Treatment...........            (33,000)
    Prescription Drug Monitoring....................            (30,000)
    Mentally Ill Offender Act.......................            (35,000)
    Other Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act             (159,000)
     activities.....................................
    Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD).......            (10,000)
Keep Young Athletes Safe Act of 2018................               2,500
Immigration Representation Pilot....................              10,000
Emmett Till Grants..................................               2,000
                                                     ===================
    TOTAL, State and Local Law Enforcement                    $1,933,000
     Assistance.....................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (Byrne/JAG) 
program.--The recommendation includes $530,250,000 for the 
Byrne/JAG program. Funding under this formula program is 
authorized for law enforcement programs including those that 
promote data interoperability between disparate law enforcement 
entities; prosecution and court programs; prevention and 
education programs; corrections programs; drug treatment and 
enforcement programs; planning, evaluation, and technology 
improvement programs; and crime victim and witness programs, 
other than compensation. Within the amount provided, 
$15,000,000 is for the Officer Robert Wilson III Preventing 
Violence Against Law Enforcement and Ensuring Officer 
Resilience and Survivability (VALOR) Initiative; $7,500,000 is 
for Smart Policing; $10,000,000 is for Smart Prosecution; 
$4,000,000 is for juvenile indigent defense; $3,600,000 is for 
the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System (NamUS); 
$100,000,000 is for law enforcement activities associated with 
the presidential nominating conventions; $2,500,000 is for law 
enforcement training related to mental illness; $2,000,000 is 
for the John R. Justice program; $7,000,000 is for capital 
litigation and wrongful conviction review; $15,500,000 is for 
prison rape prevention and prosecution; $2,000,000 is for 
Emergency Federal Law Enforcement Assistance; $2,000,000 is for 
managed access systems; $2,000,000 is for Kevin and Avonte's 
Law; $3,000,000 is for a regional law enforcement technology 
initiative; and $8,000,000 is for community-based violence 
prevention.
    Uses of Byrne/JAG.--The Committee is concerned by the 
impact to law enforcement from the growing epidemic of 
prescription drug and heroin abuse and notes that funds within 
this account may be used for the implementation of medication-
assisted treatment to help maintain abstinence from all opioids 
and heroin. The Committee notes that Byrne/JAG funding can be 
used for pursuit technology and training to reduce deaths and 
injuries during high-risk vehicle events. The Committee 
recognizes the importance of de-escalation training and 
cultural sensitivity training and diversity in hiring in local 
law enforcement to ensure that law enforcement reflects the 
communities they serve. The Committee notes that Byrne/JAG 
funds may be used for these purposes and encourages the 
Department to award funds for these purposes.
    The Committee encourages the Byrne/JAG program to provide 
additional resources to those communities that are taking part 
in programs that seek to lower homicide rates through data and 
performance measurement analysis. The Committee notes that 
Byrne/JAG funding may be used for mindfulness training for 
police officers. The Committee advises that some Byrne/JAG 
funds be directed to provide newer, more efficient forensics 
testing tools for rural jurisdictions. The Committee requests 
additional consideration be given to applicants who seek to 
hire service-connected disabled veterans. The Committee 
encourages the Department to support the use of these grant 
funds for the purchase of fentanyl detection equipment. The 
Committee supports awarding School Resource Officer grants to 
communities that are experiencing high levels of youth suicide, 
especially in smaller towns with limited resources.
    The Committee supports the use of grant funding for the 
acquisition of operational management software to track mission 
critical assets. Tracking and managing resources, including 
radio communications equipment, mobile technology, and 
protective equipment enables and improves local law enforcement 
preparedness and operational planning. The Committee notes that 
Byrne/JAG funds may be used for these purposes and encourages 
the Department to award funds for this purpose. The Committee 
is aware of existing community partnerships with local law 
enforcement to link video monitoring technology to reduce 
emergency response time and increase collaboration between 
community partners and law enforcement. The Committee notes 
that Byrne/JAG funds may be used for these purposes and 
encourages the Department to award funds for this purpose. The 
Committee is aware of the value to law enforcement of gunfire 
detection and location technology and recommends Byrne/JAG 
funds be awarded for this purpose.
    Emmett Till unsolved civil rights grants.--The 
recommendation includes $2,000,000 in grants to state and local 
law enforcement agencies for the expenses associated with the 
investigation and prosecution of criminal offenses involving 
civil rights, as authorized by the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil 
Rights Crimes Reauthorization Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-325).
    Puerto Rico plebiscite.--In the Consolidated Appropriations 
Act, 2014 (Public Law 113-76), the Committee provided funding 
for the Department of Justice to help oversee and administer a 
plebiscite to `resolve Puerto Rico's future political status.' 
The Committee believes that to accomplish this goal, the 
current territorial/Commonwealth status should be excluded from 
any future plebiscite, since it fails to address key 
inequities. Despite previous requests to use this funding to 
help administer such a plebiscite, the Department did not 
certify yet a plebiscite ballot to obligate this funding. The 
Committee believes that the Department has a responsibility to 
address issues of democratic representation and equality in 
Puerto Rico and the other territories of the United States, 
including addressing questions of political status. Therefore, 
the Committee instructs the Department to expeditiously act 
upon any request for this funding from the Puerto Rico State 
Elections Commission, and to notify the Committee of any 
requests for this funding. The Committee instructs the 
Department, within 45 days of enactment of this Act, to provide 
the Committee, as well as the Puerto Rico State Elections 
Commission, with a report regarding the acceptable versions of 
voter education materials, plebiscite ballot formats, and 
related materials that would allow the Department to obligate 
this funding for a future plebiscite.
    Immigration Representation Pilot.--The recommendation 
includes $10,000,000 for the OJP to establish a competitive 
grant pilot program for legal representation of immigrants who 
seek asylum and other forms of legal protection in the United 
States after entering at the southwest border. The Committee 
recognizes the compelling need to ensure due process for the 
growing number of immigrants who seek asylum and who must 
navigate a complex legal system for processing of asylum 
claims. Legal representation, which many asylum seekers do not 
currently have, will ensure that the system works more 
efficiently, cases are processed more quickly, and the 
legitimacy of asylum claims are correctly determined. Grants, 
including subgrants, shall be made to nonprofit organizations 
that are qualified legal services providers. The Committee 
expects that the pilot program will support direct 
representation, including pro bono representation where 
possible, of immigrants currently detained by ICE at one or two 
small or medium-sized detention facilities, immigrants released 
into the local communities around those facilities, and 
immigrants released from those facilities to one or two high-
release cities. Grant awards should take into consideration 
continuity of representation to help ensure individuals are 
represented until their cases are complete. Within 90 days of 
enactment of this Act, the OJP shall submit a report to the 
Committee on the implementation of this program.
    Smart Prosecution.--The Committee notes that throughout 
much of the United States local prosecutors' offices carry 
attorney caseloads well above recommended levels, lack critical 
support staff, and rely on outdated information technology to 
manage their caseloads. The Committee is concerned these 
conditions can negatively impacts victims, criminal defendants, 
and public safety. The Committee recommendation includes no 
less than $2,000,000 from amounts provided for a competitive 
program dedicated to State and local prosecutor office 
modernization and caseload reduction.
    Sexual assault kit backlog grants.--The recommendation 
includes $49,000,000 for grants to address the sexual assault 
kit (SAK) backlog. The Committee encourages stakeholders and 
local law enforcement to continue working with Federal law 
enforcement to resolve this important issue. The Committee also 
directs the Department to do everything in its power to bring 
perpetrators to justice. The Committee also encourages OJP to 
increase its efforts to ensure that strong research and program 
evaluations are undertaken utilizing independent evaluators 
with the experience and skills to provide necessary feedback 
and improve the efficiency of SAK processing. The Committee 
further encourages OJP to prioritize funding to underserved 
regions, such as Appalachia.
    Wrongful conviction review.--The Committee directs the 
Department to continue to follow the direction in the fiscal 
year 2019 explanatory statement with respect to the Capital 
Litigation and Wrongful Conviction Review Program.
    Opioid abuse.--The recommendation includes $375,000,000 for 
programs to reduce opioid abuse, as authorized by the 
Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 (CARA; Public 
Law 114-198). Within this amount is $83,000,000 for drug 
courts; $25,000,000 for veterans treatment courts; $35,000,000 
for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT), of which no 
less than $10,000,000 shall be available for facilities that 
offer more than one FDA-approved medically-assisted treatment 
option; $30,000,000 for prescription drug monitoring; 
$35,000,000 for the Mentally Ill Offender Act; $159,000,000 for 
the Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Program (COAP); and $10,000,000 
for additional replication sites employing the Law Enforcement 
Assisted Diversion (LEAD) model, with applicants demonstrating 
a plan for sustainability of LEAD-model diversion programs.
    The Committee believes that communities must address opioid 
abuse through comprehensive strategies that incorporate 
enhanced enforcement, education and treatment. The Committee 
directs OJP to work with DEA, the Department of Health and 
Human Services, and the NIJ to develop, and help communities 
implement, best practices to address opioid abuse.
    The Committee encourages OJP to develop and apply metrics 
that incentivize stronger linkages between the responsible 
agencies, including but not limited to law enforcement, 
prosecutors, community-based treatment centers, hospitals, 
medical examiners, and public health departments. The Committee 
also encourages OJP to prioritize comprehensive, real-time, 
regional information collection, analysis, and dissemination.
    The Committee supports the use of COAP funding to provide 
law enforcement with overdose reversal drugs, such as naloxone.
    The Committee believes it is essential to any comprehensive 
opioid prevention strategy to include a vigorous program 
designed to strengthen the ability of States and tribes to 
develop identifiable and accessible take-back programs for 
unused controlled substances found in the home and used by 
hospitals and long-term care facilities.
    The Committee encourages the Department to administer drug 
court grants with maximum flexibility in order to best 
accommodate the needs and available resources of eligible 
jurisdictions, including rural jurisdictions.
    The Committee is aware that there can be a correlation 
between those suffering from mental health disturbances and 
repeat criminal offenders. Therefore, the Committee recommends 
that funds allocated to the Mentally Ill Offender Act should 
prioritize the operational expenses for centers that provide 
assistance to those with severe mental health needs who are at 
risk of recidivism. These mental health centers can provide, 
but are not limited to, the following services: crisis care, 
residential treatment, outpatient mental health and primary 
care services, and community re-entry supports.
    The Committee is concerned by the high rates of re-
incarceration among individuals with serious mental illness due 
to the inadequate management of their illness and encourages 
the Department to include long-acting injectable anti-psychotic 
medications as an allowable expense to improve treatment 
adherence and reduce risk for relapse and re-incarceration.
    Strategic Mobile and Response Teams (SMART).--The Committee 
encourages DOJ to investigate the opportunity to conduct pilot 
programs to implement SMART at the Southwest Border. Border 
SMART Pilot programs should combine the use of officers and 
technology, including ground sensors and drones. The pilot 
programs should have inter-agency partnership and multi-layered 
security efforts, including marine, air, and terrestrial 
components, with the goal of increasing border security while 
reducing cost. The Committee reiterates its interest in 
receiving the briefing as directed in House Report 115-704.
    Victims of trafficking grants.--The recommendation includes 
$100,000,000 for human trafficking task force activities and 
for services for victims. These funds may also be used to 
develop, expand and strengthen assistance programs for child 
victims of sex and labor trafficking. The Committee notes that 
the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act established a 
Domestic Trafficking Victims Fund, which will provide 
additional resources for these programs. The Committee directs 
DOJ to support the victim-centered approach to recognizing and 
responding to human trafficking, especially across partnerships 
between Federal and local law enforcement agencies and victim 
service providers. The Committee encourages the Department to 
consider risk factors on a per-capita basis when making final 
funding decisions. The Committee encourages the Department to 
increase the number of human trafficking task forces funded by 
this program. The Department shall include a planned allocation 
of these funds in its spending plan.
    First Responders.--The Committee is concerned about the 
increasing number of suicides among first responders. Due to 
this increasing prevalence, the Committee directs the 
Department of Justice within 90 days of enactment of this Act 
to submit a report on the feasibility of establishing an 
evidence-based behavioral health program for police and fire 
departments and other first responders that provides adequate 
training to identify warning signs of depression, stress, Post 
Traumatic Stress Disorder, and other mental and behavioral 
health conditions that the specific population is experiencing. 
The report should specifically identify how peer-to peer 
assistance, mental health check-ups, time off after responding 
to a critical incident, and family training will help ensure 
the resiliency and health of first responders and police 
officers.
    Rural law enforcement.--The Committee is concerned that 
many rural law enforcement agencies are under-staffed and 
under-funded, and often have no access to local or regional 
mental health and drug treatment services. In addition, 
recruiting and retention of qualified officers is difficult, 
and access to training is often out of reach because small 
departments do not have the funds to travel or to replace 
officers in their schedule to accommodate leave for training. 
While some rural agencies participate in multi-jurisdictional 
task forces, conducting proactive investigations in small 
communities is difficult. Therefore, the Committee encourages 
the Department to develop programs aimed specifically at 
providing the funding, resources, training, and support that 
rural law enforcement agencies need to address the consequences 
of drug abuse, drug-related crime and mental health crises in 
their communities.
    National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) 
Initiative grants.--The recommendation includes $80,000,000 for 
grants to improve records in NICS. This level of resources will 
fully fund all eligible NICS initiative grants and the 
Committee will continue to monitor the demand for these grants 
and provide funding as needed. The Committee directs that the 
grants made under the broader National Criminal History 
Improvement Program (NCHIP) authorities be made available only 
for efforts to improve records added to NICS. Additionally, the 
Department shall prioritize funding under the NICS Act Records 
Improvement Program (NARIP) authorities with the goal of making 
all States NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (NIAA) 
compliant. The Department shall also apply penalties to 
noncompliant States to the fullest extent of the law.
    The Committee understands that ATF is willing to provide 
technical assistance to all States seeking to establish 
programs that meet the NIAA requirements for NARIP grants. Even 
in the absence of funding exclusively for NARIP, the Committee 
directs the Department to continue these efforts. The Committee 
again urges OJP, ATF, and the FBI to assist States that are not 
currently eligible for NARIP grants in meeting the eligibility 
requirements.
    The Committee encourages OJP to provide technical 
assistance and training services for current and future NCHIP 
and NARIP grantees.
    The Committee also encourages the Attorney General to 
prioritize NARIP grants to States whose implementation plans 
include efforts to identify domestic violence abusers and 
others disqualified under section 922 of title 18, United 
States Code, who are ineligible to possess firearms under law, 
and especially States who will use a larger proportion of these 
grants for that purpose.
    State Criminal Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP).--The 
recommendation includes $260,000,000 for SCAAP, which is 
$16,500,000 above fiscal year 2019. SCAAP provides grants that 
reimburse States and localities for the costs incurred in 
incarcerating undocumented criminal aliens. The President's 
request proposed terminating this program.
    DNA initiative.--The recommendation includes $142,000,000 
for DNA-related and forensic programs and activities, an 
increase of $12,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 level and 
$37,000,000 above the request. Within the funds provided, the 
Committee provides $8,000,000 for Post-Conviction DNA Testing 
grants, $4,000,000 for Sexual Assault Forensic Exam Program 
grants, $30,000,000 for other State and local forensic 
activities including civil rights cold-cases, and $100,000,000 
to meet the purposes of the Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grant 
Program, which is an increase of $10,000,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 level for this program. The Committee provides 
funding separately for this purpose to increase transparency 
and oversight of DNA Initiative funding.
    Second Chance Act/offender reentry programs.--The 
recommendation includes $106,500,000 for Second Chance Act 
grants. Excluding carveouts, the recommendation is $19,000,000 
above fiscal year 2019 and $21,500,000 above the request.
    The Committee is aware that case studies of innovative, 
evidence-based practices provide strong indication that 
recidivism patterns can be reversed. The Committee expects that 
Second Chance Act grants will foster the implementation of 
strategies that have been proven to reduce recidivism and 
ensure safe and successful reentry back to their communities of 
adults released from prisons and jails. The Committee expects 
DOJ to designate funds for proven, evidenced-based programs 
that will further the goal of maximizing public safety.
    To ensure the most effective use of Second Chance Act 
funds, the Committee encourages the prioritization of funding 
to communities where the largest populations of formerly 
incarcerated people return. The Committee directs a report from 
the BJS within 90 days of the enactment of this Act analyzing 
what the Department is doing to ensure funding is reaching 
these communities.
    Community trust initiative.--The recommendation includes 
$80,000,000 for a program to improve police-community 
relations. Included in this initiative is $20,000,000 for the 
Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program, $35,000,000 for 
justice reinvestment, $25,000,000 for a body-worn camera 
partnership initiative.
    The body-worn camera partnership initiative includes pilot 
and demonstration grants for purchase of body-worn cameras for 
police. This initiative will also establish baseline procedures 
for the use of body-worn cameras, support State and local 
efforts regarding the use of such equipment, and provide 
necessary research into the use of this technology. The 
demonstration grants shall require a 1:1 match by the grantee 
and shall not be used to pay for the ongoing costs or data 
storage costs associated with body-worn camera footage. The 
demonstration grants shall only be provided to States with laws 
governing the use of body-worn cameras and shall not interfere 
with State laws and requirements.
    As the Committee believes that improving police-community 
relations will require more than just equipment procurement, 
the recommendation provides $35,000,000 for the justice 
reinvestment initiative, which provides assistance to 
jurisdictions to implement data-driven strategies to improve 
public safety by reducing corrections spending and reinvesting 
those savings in efforts to decrease crime and strengthen 
neighborhoods. The Committee notes concerns regarding trial 
delays and bail conditions for incarcerated youth. Of the funds 
for Justice Reinvestment, $8,000,000 is for innovative efforts 
among States and localities to reduce trial delays, ensure 
speedy bond consideration, guarantee that a juvenile's ability 
to pay is considered in setting any bond amount, provide mental 
health services for youth who are incarcerated, and reduce the 
use of solitary confinement on youth.
    The Committee believes that comprehensive, career-long 
leadership education for all local law enforcement officers 
remains critical to reducing crime and strengthening 
relationships between law enforcement agencies and the 
communities they serve, and the Committee notes that funds in 
the community trust initiative can be used for leadership 
training programs that provide measurable improvements in local 
law enforcement officer performance, adaptive decision-making 
skills, civic involvement, and officer-community relations.
    Bulletproof Vests.--The Committee is aware that innovations 
in body armor materials are enabling the use of thinner, 
lighter armor with a longer useful life than traditional armor. 
The Committee supports the use of Bulletproof Vest Partnership 
grants for the purchase of such armor.

                       JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $341,500,000 for Juvenile Justice 
programs, which is $54,500,000 above fiscal year 2019 and 
$103,000,000 above the request. Funds are distributed as 
follows:

                        JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Part B--State Formula Grants............................         $65,000
Emergency Planning--Juvenile Detention Facilities.......           (500)
Youth Mentoring Grants..................................         100,000
Title V--Delinquency Prevention Incentive Grants........          49,500
  Prevention of Trafficking of Girls....................         (5,000)
  Tribal Youth..........................................         (7,500)
  Children of Incarcerated Parents Web Portal...........           (500)
  Girls in the Justice System...........................         (2,000)
  Opioid Affected Youth Initiative......................         (9,000)
  Children Exposed to Violence..........................         (8,000)
Victims of Child Abuse Programs.........................          28,000
Juvenile Accountability Block Grants....................          10,000
Missing and Exploited Children Programs.................          85,000
Training for Judicial Personnel.........................           4,000
                                                         ===============
  TOTAL, Juvenile Justice...............................        $341,500
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Youth mentoring grants.--The recommendation includes 
$100,000,000 for youth mentoring grants, which is $5,000,000 
above fiscal year 2019 and $42,000,000 above the request.
    The Committee recognizes the success of the Youth Mentoring 
program. Through trusted peer-to-peer mentoring relationships, 
in the community and in schools, Youth Mentoring grantees are 
able to provide needed attention and support to at-risk 
children. Mentoring relationships enhance a child's overall 
well-being by improving their emotional, social, and 
educational development.
    The Committee directs that OJP provide at least $20,000,000 
for mentoring programs that assist at-risk juveniles and their 
families who have been impacted by the opioid crisis and drug 
addiction.
    Missing and exploited children programs.--The 
recommendation includes $85,000,000 for missing and exploited 
children programs, which is $3,000,000 above fiscal year 2019 
and $4,000,000 above the request. The Committee expects the 
Department to allocate $40,000,000 for task force grants, 
training and technical assistance, research and statistics, and 
administrative costs for the Internet Crimes Against Children 
(ICAC) program. The Department is urged to include in its ICAC 
Task Force grant solicitation a prioritization of proactive 
investigations of suspects possessing, distributing, or 
producing violent and sadistic child sexual abuse imagery. The 
Committee expects the Department to allocate $1,000,000 to hire 
and equip wounded, ill, or injured veterans as digital forensic 
analysts or investigators to support child exploitation 
investigations.
    The Department is encouraged to support the development, 
refinement, and technological advancement of widely-used tools, 
methods, and technologies that address child sexual 
exploitation and trafficking.
    The recommendation provides no less than $3,400,000 for 
AMBER alert activities to create and augment tribal systems.
    Preventing trafficking of girls.--The recommendation 
includes $5,000,000 for grants for nonprofits and other 
nongovernmental entities that have undergone rigorous 
evaluation and have a successful track record of administering 
research-based prevention and early intervention programs for 
girls who are vulnerable to trafficking and are most likely to 
end up in the juvenile justice system, at a State level. Funds 
shall be used to scale up and replicate these programs.
    Youth violence prevention.--The Department should examine 
the possibility of directing additional funds toward evidence-
based youth violence prevention programs and programs that 
reduce recidivism that can be scaled locally and nationally.
    Bullying.--The Committee encourages the Department to 
provide funding within existing programs for evidence-based 
approaches to preventing bullying in schools, communities, and 
in cyberspace.
    School discipline.--The Committee encourages the Department 
to explore implementing programs that are focused on 
disadvantaged students of color in elementary and secondary 
school that include a curriculum that prevents unnecessary 
trauma and harm, and counterproductive in-school arrests and 
expulsion, while incorporating positive alternatives to 
suspension, and promoting educational development and 
attainment. The Department is directed to submit a report to 
the Committee within 180 days of enactment of this Act 
detailing how the Department could partner with relevant 
stakeholders to implement such a program.
    Arts-based programs.--The Committee directs the Department, 
in collaboration with the National Endowment for the Arts and 
arts stakeholders, to explore the use of arts-based programs 
and rigorously evaluate their impact on outcomes for at-risk, 
justice-involved, and traumatized youths.

                     PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER BENEFITS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total of $141,800,000 for the 
Public Safety Officer Benefits program, which is $13,000,000 
above fiscal year 2019 and the same as the request. Within the 
funds provided, $117,000,000 is for death benefits for 
survivors, an amount estimated by the Congressional Budget 
Office that is considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes. 
Also within the total, $24,800,000 is recommended for 
disability benefits for public safety officers who are 
permanently and totally disabled as a result of a catastrophic 
injury sustained in the line of duty, and for education 
benefits for the spouses and children of officers who are 
killed in the line of duty or who are permanently and totally 
disabled as a result of a catastrophic injury sustained in the 
line of duty.

                  Community Oriented Policing Services


             COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $323,000,000 for Community 
Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Programs, which is 
$19,500,000 above fiscal year 2019 and $323,000,000 above the 
request. Funds are distributed as follows:

                  COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
COPS Hiring Grants......................................        $239,750
  Tribal Access Program.................................         (3,000)
  Community Policing Development/Training and Technical          (6,500)
   Assistance...........................................
  Regional Information Sharing Activities...............        (38,000)
  Law Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness Act........         (2,000)
Police Act..............................................          12,000
Anti-Methamphetamine Task Forces........................           8,000
Anti-Heroin Task Forces.................................          32,000
STOP School Violence Act................................          31,250
                                                         ===============
  TOTAL, Community Oriented Policing Services...........        $323,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    STOP School Violence Act school hardening.--The 
recommendation includes $31,250,000, which is an increase of 
$6,250,000 above the fiscal year 2019 level for evidence-based 
school hardening measures including metal detectors, locks, 
lighting, ballistic glass, and other deterrent measures in 
coordination with law enforcement, as well as training for 
local law enforcement officers to prevent student violence, 
technology for expedited notification of local law enforcement 
during an emergency, and other measures determined to provide 
significant improvement in physical security of schools.
    School resource officers (SROs).--The Committee supports 
initiatives through the COPS Hiring Program to assist State and 
local governments with the recruitment and training of 
additional SROs to build working relationships with schools as 
a means to provide a safer and calmer learning environment.
    The Committee acknowledges that school SROs are intended to 
serve in roles ranging from counselors, to tutors and mentors, 
in order to create opportunities for students to interact with 
law enforcement in a positive way. The Committee directs the 
Department of Justice to examine the current role of SROs on 
campuses and provide recommendations on how SROs can better 
serve the needs of the students. This report should include, 
but is not limited to, an examination of the roles and duties 
of SROs in the schools of grant recipients; the toll on 
students' academic outcomes as the result of an SRO presence on 
campus; and an examination of the instances of disciplinary 
actions taken against students by an SRO, including by race, 
ethnicity, and gender of the student, and the details and 
severity of the infraction. The Committee directs the 
Department to submit a report to the Committee within 180 days 
of enactment of this Act, including the Department's plan for 
disseminating this information to the public and relevant 
government entities.
    SROs across the country engage with students on a daily 
basis and provide a wide range of important services to our 
nation's youth, including identifying depression and suicidal 
behavior among school children. SROs are in a unique position 
to identify and assist children at-risk of depression and 
suicide. The Committee supports awarding SRO grants to 
communities that are dealing with high levels of youth suicide, 
especially in smaller towns with limited resources.
    Rural law enforcement staffing.--The Committee recognizes 
certain State and local law enforcement agencies in rural and 
low-populated counties are critically underfunded and 
understaffed. Some distressed regions have as few as two law 
enforcement officers on payroll to patrol its jurisdictions at 
a given time. These instances of chronic law enforcement 
understaffing pose a significant threat to communities. The 
Committee encourages the Department to fund grants for 
critically understaffed law enforcement agencies.
    Law enforcement training.--The Committee recognizes the 
importance and success of the COPS Hiring program. Recent 
incidents of law enforcement killing unarmed civilians have 
highlighted the importance of strong, collaborative 
relationships between local police and the communities they 
serve. The Committee supports diversity hiring in local law 
enforcement to ensure that law enforcement reflects the 
communities they serve. The Committee encourages the Department 
to consider as a factor, when reviewing applications for the 
COPS program whether a law enforcement agency requires its 
employees to complete cultural sensitivity trainings, including 
training on ethnic and racial bias, gender bias, sexual 
orientation and gender identity bias, cultural diversity, and 
law enforcement interaction with people with disabilities, the 
mentally ill, and English Language Learners.
    Active shooter response.--The recommendation includes 
$12,000,000 for the POLICE Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-199). 
The Committee notes the importance of training partnerships 
that offer nationwide, dynamic force-on-force scenario-based 
training. The Committee understands the training has been 
adopted by numerous States and agencies as their standard 
active shooter training and that the FBI has adopted this 
program as its national training standard for active shooter 
response.
    Human trafficking intelligence.--The Committee encourages 
programs funded under the regional information sharing 
activities to hire criminal intelligence analysts to compile 
information, reports, and other intelligence on human 
trafficking into, out of, and within the borders of the United 
States.

               General Provisions--Department of Justice


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
for the Department of Justice:
    Section 201 makes available additional reception and 
representation funding for the Attorney General from the 
amounts provided in this title.
    Section 202 prohibits the use of funds to pay for an 
abortion, except in the case of rape, incest, or to preserve 
the life of the mother.
    Section 203 prohibits the use of funds to require any 
person to perform or facilitate the performance of an abortion.
    Section 204 establishes the obligation of the Director of 
the Bureau of Prisons to provide escort services to an inmate 
receiving an abortion outside of a Federal facility, except 
where this obligation conflicts with the preceding section.
    Section 205 establishes the Committee's requirements and 
procedures for transfer proposals.
    Section 206 prohibits the use of certain funds for 
transporting prisoners classified as maximum or high security, 
other than to a facility certified by the Bureau of Prisons as 
appropriately secure.
    Section 207 prohibits the use of funds for the purchase or 
rental by Federal prisons of audiovisual equipment, services 
and materials used primarily for recreational purposes, except 
for those items and services needed for inmate training, 
religious, or educational purposes.
    Section 208 requires review by the Deputy Attorney General 
and the Department Investment Review Board prior to the 
obligation or expenditure of funds for major information 
technology projects.
    Section 209 requires the Department to follow reprogramming 
procedures for any deviation from the program amounts specified 
in this title or the accompanying report, or the reuse of 
deobligated funds provided in previous years.
    Section 210 prohibits the use of funds for OMB Circular A-
76 competitions for work performed by employees of the Bureau 
of Prisons or of the Federal Prison Industries, Inc.
    Section 211 prohibits U.S. Attorneys from holding 
additional responsibilities that exempt U.S. Attorneys from 
statutory residency requirements.
    Section 212 permits up to 3 percent of grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to the Office of 
Justice Programs to be used for training and technical 
assistance, permits up to 3 percent of grant funds made 
available to that office to be used for criminal justice 
research, evaluation and statistics by the National Institute 
of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and up to 7 
percent for tribal purposes.
    Section 213 provides cost-share waivers for certain DOJ 
grant programs.
    Section 214 waives the requirement that the Attorney 
General reserve certain funds from amounts provided for 
offender incarceration.
    Section 215 prohibits funds, other than funds for the 
National Instant Criminal Background Check System established 
under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, from being 
used to facilitate the transfer of an operable firearm to a 
known or suspected agent of a drug cartel where law enforcement 
personnel do not continuously monitor or control such firearm.
    Section 216 places limitations on the obligation of funds 
from certain Department of Justice accounts and funding 
sources.
    Section 217 permits DOJ to participate in Performance 
Partnership Pilot collaboration programs.
    Section 218 prohibits EOIR's use of case completion quotas 
in immigration judge performance evaluations.

                               TITLE III


                                SCIENCE


                Office of Science and Technology Policy

    The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), which is $544,000 below 
fiscal year 2019 and the same as the request.
    Extreme weather.--The Committee notes that extreme weather 
events are complex, crosscutting problems that pose risks to 
agriculture, infrastructure, commerce, and human health while 
presenting a significant financial risk to the Federal 
Government. The Committee agrees with GAO's March 2019 
assessment that the Federal Government, in order to reduce its 
fiscal exposure, needs a cohesive strategic approach with 
strong leadership and the authority to manage risks across the 
entire range of related Federal activities. The Committee 
believes that the Federal Government should address resilience, 
preparedness, and risk identification and management that 
encompasses the entire range of related Federal activities 
while better positioning the Federal Government to effectively 
and efficiently respond to these issues. In support of these 
goals, the Committee directs OSTP to create and convene an 
Interagency Council on Extreme Weather Resilience, 
Preparedness, and Risk Identification and Management 
(``Interagency Council''). The Committee further directs OSTP, 
in coordination with the Interagency Council, to develop a 
plan, on an agency-by-agency basis, for government-wide 
implementation of resilience, preparedness, and risk management 
priorities. This plan should be produced no later than 180 days 
after enactment of this Act and should include assessments of 
required and available resources for Federal agencies to 
develop and implement extreme weather adaptation measures aimed 
at proactively mitigating risk and minimizing Federal fiscal 
exposure. The Committee directs OSTP to provide an intermediate 
report to the Committee, no later than 90 days after enactment 
of this Act, on the activities of the Interagency Council.
    Public access to Federally funded research.--The Committee 
appreciates the progress that OSTP has made to increase access 
to the results of Federally funded scientific research. OSTP 
shall continue efforts to coordinate implementation of public 
access policies across Federal departments and agencies and 
identify additional opportunities to enhance access to the 
results of Federally funded research. OSTP shall continue to 
report, on an annual basis, on the progress of departments and 
agencies in implementing their public access plans, including 
relevant measures of progress, and on additional steps being 
taken to improve access to the results of Federally funded 
research. The Committee looks forward to receiving the briefing 
indicated in House Report 115-704.

                         National Space Council

    The Committee recommends $1,870,000 for the National Space 
Council, which is $95,000 less than the fiscal year 2019 level, 
and equal to the Administration's request.

             National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    The Committee recommends $22,315,000,000 for the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which is 
$815,000,000 above fiscal year 2019, and $1,296,000,000 above 
the initial requested level.
    NASA's initial fiscal year 2020 budget request, which is 
$481,000,000 less than the fiscal year 2019 appropriated level, 
clearly reflects the Administration's unfortunate shift from 
legacy programs and programs with clear environmental and 
educational interests.
    The Administration's shift in priorities is most evident in 
its budget request of nearly $1,200,000,000 (over $700,000,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 level) for the Lunar Orbital 
Platform--Gateway and Advanced Cislunar and Surface 
Capabilities initiatives. These programs strive to establish a 
permanent human presence on the Moon, and deploy a spaceship, 
called the Gateway, in orbit around the Moon to support human 
missions to the lunar surface. These activities are planned to 
be the first steps in human exploration from the Moon to Mars.
    To increase funding for this Moon base and Gateway orbiter, 
the Administration chose to either reduce or eliminate many 
critical legacy programs, including Earth science programs that 
help monitor the environment, measure global climate change, 
and track rising sea levels. These programs include: The 
Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE) Earth-
observing satellite; the Climate Absolute Radiance and 
Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) sensor on the International 
Space Station, designed to lay the foundation for future long-
term observations of Earth's climate; and NASA's Carbon 
Monitoring System that achieves levels of precision and 
accuracy to monitor, report, and verify the levels of carbon 
stocks and fluxes in Earth's atmosphere.
    Additional programs that were proposed for elimination in 
the Administration's budget request are: The Wide Field 
Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST), a NASA observatory designed 
to work in conjunction with the James Webb Space Telescope, 
with a view 100 times greater than the Hubble telescope; and 
the entire Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics 
(STEM) Engagement account.
    The Committee rejects these proposals and has included an 
additional $881,100,000 above the request to support these 
critical programs, including additional funding to increase the 
availability of competitive research grants within Earth 
Science and a nearly twelve percent increase over the fiscal 
year 2019 level for Science, Technology, Engineering and 
Mathematics Engagement.
    Program and project totals.--The Committee's program and 
project recommendations for NASA are included in the 
consolidated funding table below and in narrative direction 
throughout this report. The Committee reminds NASA that any 
deviations from the amounts included in the table below are 
subject to section 505 requirements of this Act. When executing 
its budget for fiscal year 2020, NASA shall incorporate the 
funding levels established in both the table and the narrative 
direction. NASA is reminded that comity has existed between the 
Congress and the Executive Branch with respect to abiding by 
language included in this report and in the accompanying bill. 
The Committee expects NASA to respect this long-standing 
practice.

              NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Science:
    Earth Science.......................................      $2,023,100
    Planetary Science...................................       2,713,400
    Astrophysics........................................       1,367,700
    James Webb Space Telescope..........................         352,600
    Heliophysics........................................         704,500
                                                         ---------------
Total, Science..........................................       7,161,300
                                                         ===============
Aeronautics.............................................         700,000
                                                         ===============
Space Technology........................................       1,291,600
                                                         ===============
Exploration:
    Orion Multi-purpose Crew Vehicle....................       1,425,000
    Space Launch System (SLS) Vehicle Deployment........       2,150,000
    Exploration Ground Systems..........................         592,800
    Exploration Research and Development................         962,100
                                                         ---------------
Total, Exploration......................................       5,129,900
                                                         ===============
Space Operations........................................       4,285,700
                                                         ===============
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)         123,000
                                                         ===============
Safety, Security and Mission Services...................       3,084,600
                                                         ===============
Construction and Environmental Compliance and                    497,200
 Restoration............................................
                                                         ===============
Office of Inspector General.............................          41,700
                                                         ===============
Total, NASA.............................................     $22,315,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                SCIENCE

    The Committee provides $7,161,300,000 for Science, which is 
$255,600,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and 
$857,600,000 above the request.
    Earth Science.--The recommendation includes $2,023,100,000 
for Earth Science programs. Despite the overwhelming benefits 
to the economy, coastal regions, and to humankind generally, 
the Administration eliminated virtually all major missions to 
incorporate selected ocean color and atmospheric aerosol 
measurement capabilities needed to ensure continuity and 
additional capability in the measurement record, and to 
demonstrate measurement technologies for a larger future 
mission to improve detection of climate trends. These missions, 
aimed at understanding the Earth system and its response to 
natural and human-induced forces and changes, will help 
determine how to predict future changes and mitigate or adapt 
to them. In June 2018, the NASA Administrator told a U.S. 
Senate panel that NASA should continue to monitor the Earth's 
carbon dioxide emissions that contribute to global warming. 
Despite the Administrator's persuasive argument, the 
President's fiscal year 2020 budget request chose to eliminate 
missions totaling nearly $190,000,000 that address human-
induced forces with regard to climate change. The Committee 
rejects this proposal, and has included sufficient funding to 
continue such programs, and expects NASA to comply with 
Committee direction.
    Earth Science Research and Analysis and Carbon 
Monitoring.--The Committee recommends $508,200,000 for Earth 
Science Research, which is $54,100,000 greater than the fiscal 
year 2019 appropriation, and $60,300,000 greater than the 
Administration's request. Within this total, NASA shall provide 
not less than $356,500,000 for Earth Science Research and 
Analysis, of which $10,000,000 is directed for the Carbon 
Monitoring System, which was eliminated in the Administration's 
fiscal year 2020 budget request.
    Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE).--The 
Committee provides $147,000,000, which is $14,000,000 below the 
fiscal year 2019 appropriation, and $147,000,000 greater than 
the Administration's request, which would have eliminated this 
mission. The Committee does not concur with the 
Administration's proposal to terminate the mission because of 
its unique scientific value in aiding critical parts of the 
U.S. coastal economy like commercial fishing. The data to be 
generated by PACE builds upon a multi-decade effort by NASA and 
other Federal agencies to generate information from space that 
helps characterize and assess the health of the fisheries 
environment and to more accurately assess the status of fish 
stocks. Such information cannot be replicated elsewhere, and 
industry itself does not have the financial means to acquire 
wide scale data such as that generated by PACE and its 
precursor missions. Therefore, the Committee sees any effort to 
terminate this mission as shortsighted and based upon 
incomplete analysis of the benefits of PACE's data to U.S. 
coastal economies, the provision of which is an inherently 
governmental responsibility. In providing this appropriation, 
the Committee directs NASA to provide and report, concurrent 
with the operating plan, including details on NASA's efforts to 
maintain a 2022 launch date for this mission. Therefore, the 
Committee directs NASA to include adequate funding for PACE in 
the fiscal year 2021 budget request.
    Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory 
(CLARREO) Pathfinder.--The Committee provides $26,000,000 for 
this mission, $8,000,000 greater than the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation, and $26,000,000 greater than the 
Administration's request, which would have eliminated the 
mission. The Committee does not concur with the 
Administration's proposal to terminate this mission because the 
CLARREO Pathfinder mission demonstrates measurement 
technologies required for a future mission recommended in the 
2007 decadal survey focused on improving detection of climate 
trends. Therefore, the Committee directs NASA to include 
adequate funding for CLARREO in the fiscal year 2021 budget 
request.
    Venture Class Missions.--Within the amounts provided for 
Earth Science, the Committee recommends up to $205,200,000 for 
NASA's Venture Class Missions. NASA's Earth Venture Class 
Missions provide frequent flight opportunities for high-
quality, low-cost Earth science investigations that can be 
developed and flown in five years or less. NASA selects the 
investigations through open competitions to ensure broad 
community involvement and encourage innovative approaches. 
Successful investigations enhance our capability to understand 
the current state of the Earth system and enable continual 
improvement in the prediction of future changes.
    University Small Satellite Missions.--The Committee 
supports NASA's collaborative efforts with U.S. colleges and 
universities to conduct research through small spacecraft 
missions, including CubeSat and SmallSat missions. The 
Committee believes these competitively selected projects help 
train the next generation of scientists and provide much-needed 
research. The Committee directs NASA to provide not less than 
$25,000,000 for these missions.
    Planetary Science.--The Planetary Science Research program 
provides the scientific foundation for data returned from NASA 
missions exploring the solar system. It is also NASA's primary 
interface with university faculty and graduate students in this 
field and the research community in general. These studies 
enable planetary scientists to answer specific questions about, 
and increase the understanding of, the origin and evolution of 
the solar system.
    Lunar Discovery and Exploration.--The Committee supports 
the requested level of $210,000,000 for the Lunar Discovery and 
Exploration program, including $22,000,000 for the Lunar 
Reconnaissance Orbiter and $57,500,000 for the new Lunar Future 
initiative to address the strategic knowledge gaps important 
for human exploration of the Moon.
    Planetary Defense.--Within Planetary Science, Planetary 
Defense programs, the Committee provides $160,000,000 to fund 
NASA's Planetary Defense program and recommends not less than 
$72,400,000 be made available for the upcoming Double Asteroid 
Redirection Test (DART) mission. Additionally, within Planetary 
Defense programs, Other Missions and Data Analysis, funding is 
included for continued development of the Near Earth Object 
Camera (NEOCam). The Committee remains supportive of the NEOCam 
mission, which follows a 2010 National Academy of Sciences 
report regarding the use of space-based infrared survey 
telescopes to discover asteroids that pose a hazard to Earth. 
The recommendation includes no less than the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level for NEOCam. The Committee understands that NASA 
is awaiting a report from the National Academies of Sciences, 
Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) to provide independent advice 
regarding NEOCam in a study to be completed by the second 
quarter of 2019, pending the internal review process. 
Additionally, NASA shall maintain no less than current funding 
levels for its use of the National Science Foundation's ground-
based telescopes to fulfill its planetary protection mission 
and determine if additional funds are required.
    Mars Exploration Program.--The Committee provides 
$570,000,000, which is $23,500,000 greater than the requested 
level, for the Mars Exploration Program to ensure launch of the 
Mars 2020 mission and to further development of a Mars Sample 
Return mission to be launched in 2026. Given that sample return 
was the highest priority of the previous planetary science 
decadal survey, NASA shall provide the Committee with a year-
by-year future funding profile for a planned focused Mars 
sample return mission to be ready for a 2026 launch. In 
addition, the Committee endorses the mid-term decadal survey 
recommendation for NASA to develop a comprehensive Mars program 
architecture, strategic plan, and management structure that 
maximizes synergy among existing and future domestic and 
international missions and science optimization at the 
architectural level.
    Jupiter Europa Missions.--The Committee provides 
$592,600,000, which is $47,600,000 greater than fiscal year 
2019, and equal to the requested level, for the Europa Clipper 
Mission. The Clipper mission will explore Europa, the smallest 
of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter, and investigate 
its habitability.
    Jupiter Europa Lander.--The Committee provides no 
additional funding for the Jupiter Europa Lander. In fiscal 
year 2019, the Committee provided $195,000,000 for the Jupiter 
Europa Lander. Development of the Jupiter Europa Lander is a 
priority and the Committee wishes to see research and 
development of the Lander continue. The Committee understands 
that funding provided in fiscal year 2019 is sufficient to 
continue research and development through fiscal year 2020. 
Therefore, additional funding is not provided for Lander in 
this Act. However, the Committee directs NASA to include 
adequate funding for continued research and development of the 
Jupiter Europa Lander in the fiscal year 2021 budget request.
    Icy Satellites Surface Technology.--The Committee provides 
$60,000,000, which is $25,000,000 greater than fiscal year 
2019, and $57,800,000 greater than the requested level, for Icy 
Satellites Surface Technology to meet the science goals for the 
Jupiter Europa mission as recommended in previous Planetary 
Science Decadal surveys and to enable a lander on Europa by the 
next decade, based on input from the next Planetary Science 
Decadal survey.
    Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA).--
Within Astrophysics, the Committee provides $85,200,000, which 
is equal to fiscal year 2019, and $12,200,000 greater than the 
requested level, for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared 
Astronomy (SOFIA). Working collectively with other space 
telescopes, including Hubble and Spitzer, these observatories 
create a comprehensive web of information and data that spans 
both the electromagnetic spectrum and time itself.
    Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST).--The 
Committee provides $510,700,000, which is $198,500,000 greater 
than fiscal year 2019, and $510,700,000 greater than the 
Administration's requested level, which would have eliminated 
WFIRST. This mission was included as the highest priority in 
the 2010 Astrophysics Decadal Survey. The recommended amount 
shall include $65,000,000 for continued development of the 
coronagraph as a technology demonstration mission. The WFIRST 
telescope continuation is essential to unravel the secrets of 
dark energy and dark matter, search for and image exoplanets, 
and explore many topics in infrared astrophysics.
    Heliophysics.--The Committee provides $704,500,000, which 
is $15,500,000 below fiscal year 2019, and equal to the 
Administration's requested level for Heliophysics. Heliophysics 
studies the nature of the Sun and how it influences the very 
nature of space. Studying this system helps us understand 
fundamental information about how the universe works and helps 
protect technology and astronauts in space.

                              AERONAUTICS

    The Committee provides $700,000,000 for Aeronautics, which 
is $25,000,000 below fiscal year 2019 and $33,100,000 above the 
Administration's requested level.
    Hypersonics Technology Project.--Within amounts provided, 
no less than $60,000,000 is for NASA's ongoing Hypersonics 
Technology Project. This project coordinates closely with 
partners in the Department of Defense so that NASA can leverage 
their investments in ground and flight activities to develop 
and validate advanced physics-based computational models as 
building blocks towards the long-term vision. Focus areas for 
the project include hypersonic propulsion systems, reusable 
vehicle technologies, high-temperature materials, and systems 
analysis. The development of new hypersonic capabilities, 
generally faster than mach five, focuses on sustaining 
hypersonic competency for national needs while advancing 
fundamental hypersonics research.
    Electric Air Flight.--The Committee encourages 
strengthening collaborations between NASA, the Department of 
Energy, and national laboratories to overcome energy storage 
challenges for mobility such as electric air flight. 
Additionally, the Committee encourages efforts to overcome 
technological barriers in demonstrating the capability of 
electrified aircraft, such as higher energy density batteries, 
development of new, lower-cost materials, and the establishment 
of testing methods and protocols.

                            SPACE TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee recommends $1,291,600,000 for Space 
Technology, which is $364,700,000 above fiscal year 2019, and 
$277,300,000 above the Administration's requested level.
    Space Technology Mission Directorate.--The Committee 
reaffirms its support for the independence of the Space 
Technology Mission Directorate and recognizes that its current 
status enables it to support the development of a wide array of 
various technologies. This diverse portfolio contains 
technology development activities that have broad applications 
beyond human exploration and that help to meet the agency's 
science objectives, establish new commercial and academic 
partnerships, and stimulate the growth of the nation's 
technology sector. This approach also ensures that NASA 
technologists and their external partners maintain the ability 
to address long-term strategic goals rather than only focusing 
on short-term, mission-specific objectives. In addition, the 
Directorate's direct engagement with the academic community is 
supporting the development of the next generation of space 
technologists. The Committee directs NASA to preserve the 
Directorate as a standalone entity within the agency, and to 
maintain its focus on broad technology development goals that 
are independent of mission-specific needs.
    Regional economic development.--The Committee provides 
$8,000,000, which is $3,000,000 above fiscal year 2019, and 
$8,000,000 above the Administration's requested level for 
NASA's regional economic development program that focuses on 
partnerships with State and regional economic development 
organizations as they expand space-related commercial 
opportunities designed to address NASA mission needs.
    Nuclear thermal propulsion technology.--The Committee 
provides $125,000,000, which is $25,000,000 greater than the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted amount, and $125,000,000 greater than 
the Administration's requested level, which was zero, for 
continued development and demonstration of a nuclear thermal 
propulsion system. Within 180 days of the enactment of this 
Act, NASA shall submit a multi-year plan that enables a nuclear 
thermal propulsion demonstration, including the timeline 
associated with the space demonstration, and a description of 
future missions and propulsion and power systems enabled by 
this capability. NASA shall take into consideration the use of 
nuclear thermal propulsion as it drafts the multi-year 
exploration roadmap directed in this bill. Further, within the 
amounts provided for nuclear thermal propulsion, up to 
$10,000,000 may be used to develop a digital twin model to 
support the cost-effective development, manufacturing, and 
operation of nuclear thermal propulsion technologies.
    Technology Maturation--In-Space Robotic Manufacturing and 
Assembly.--The Committee provides $72,200,000, which is 
$37,200,000 greater than fiscal year 2019, and equal to the 
Administration's requested level, for In-Space Robotic 
Manufacturing and Assembly. Within this appropriation is 
$14,300,000 for additive manufacturing, a process that will 
transform the traditional spacecraft-manufacturing model by 
enabling in-space creation of large spacecraft systems. No 
longer will developing, building, and qualifying a spacecraft 
focus so heavily on an integrated system that must survive 
launch loads and environments. These crosscutting technologies 
could also greatly reduce cost while increasing capabilities 
for both NASA and commercial space applications. Across all 
NASA accounts, funding is included for In-Space Robotic 
Manufacturing, of which nearly $35,000,000 is included for 
additive manufacturing. Further, the Committee supports 
additive manufacturing efforts focused on sub-scale work, 
including the development of digital twin technologies.
    Technology Demonstration Mission--Satellite Servicing/
Restore-L.--The Committee provides $180,000,000, which is equal 
to the fiscal year 2019 appropriated level and $134,700,000 
greater than the Administration's fiscal year 2020 requested 
level, for the Restore-L program to conduct an orbital 
refueling mission in 2022. These funds shall be used 
exclusively for activities related to and associated with the 
Restore-L spacecraft and any demonstrations that it will 
conduct or support. The Committee recognizes and encourages the 
development of satellite servicing to benefit not only NASA, 
but the Department of Defense, the Intelligence Community, and 
the private sector. Moreover, the Committee directs NASA to 
encourage other government entities to take full advantage of 
Restore-L's capabilities.
    Solar Electric Propulsion.--The Committee provides 
$48,100,000, which is equal to the fiscal year 2019 
appropriated level, and $4,700,000 greater than the 
Administration's fiscal year 2020 requested level, for solar 
electric propulsion activities. According to NASA, high-powered 
solar electric propulsion can efficiently propel more ambitious 
robotic science and human exploration missions beyond the Earth 
and into deep space. Furthermore, solar electric propulsion 
will enable more efficient orbit transfer of spacecraft and 
accommodate the increasing power demands for government and 
commercial satellites.
    Flight opportunities small launch technology platform.--
Within amounts provided, no less than $25,000,000 is for the 
Flight Opportunities Program to enable NASA to continue to 
partner with commercial industry to advance technologies for 
sub-orbital and orbital launch vehicles for small payloads, 
with the aim to increase affordability of those technologies 
and to allow for more frequent access to relevant launch 
environments, including low-Earth orbit. This funding fills a 
research gap by offering several minutes of microgravity 
research at a relatively low price. Of this amount, $5,000,000 
is dedicated for competitively-selected opportunities in 
support of payload development and flight of K-12 and 
collegiate educational payloads.
    Advanced Technologies to Support Air Revitalization 
Initiative.--The Committee provides $3,500,000, equal to the 
fiscal year 2020 request level, for NASA to support university 
and industry research related to the development and 
application of ionic liquid-based technologies to aid in air 
revitalization systems.

                              EXPLORATION

    The Committee provides $5,129,900,000 for Exploration, 
which is $79,100,000 above fiscal year 2019, and $108,200,000 
above the Administration's requested level.
    Orion.--The Committee provides $1,425,000,000, which is 
$75,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriated level, and 
$158,800,000 greater than the Administration's fiscal year 2020 
requested level for Orion. NASA shall keep the Committee 
informed of the status of activities related to Orion, the 
European Service Module, and ongoing activities related to 
integration of Orion with Space Launch System and associated 
ground infrastructure.
    Space Launch System (SLS).--The Committee provides 
$2,150,000,000, which is equal to the fiscal year 2019 
appropriated level, and $374,600,000 greater than the 
Administration's fiscal year 2020 requested level for SLS.
    Exploration Ground Systems (EGS).--The Committee provides 
$592,800,000, which is equal to the fiscal year 2019 
appropriated level, and $192,700,000 greater than the 
Administration's fiscal year 2020 requested level for 
Exploration Ground Systems (EGS). Within this amount, 
$50,000,000 is included for the second mobile launch platform.
    Exploration missions.--In its 2014 report, Actions Needed 
to Improve Transparency and Assess Long-Term Affordability of 
Human Exploration Programs, the U.S. Government Accountability 
Office (GAO) recommended that NASA establish a separate cost 
and schedule baseline for work required to support Space Launch 
System (SLS) Block I Exploration Mission-2 and establish 
separate cost and schedule baselines for each additional 
capability of SLS, Orion, and associated exploration ground 
systems that encompass all life-cycle costs, to include 
operations and sustainment. The NASA Office of Inspector 
General made a similar recommendation in its April 2017 report, 
NASA's Plans for Human Exploration Beyond Low Earth Orbit, 
noting that NASA should establish more rigorous cost and 
schedule estimates for the SLS and exploration ground programs 
for the EM-2 mission mapped to available resources and future 
budget assumptions. Accordingly, NASA shall, within one year of 
enactment of this Act, establish the agency cost and schedule 
commitments for the launch readiness date for SLS and the 
associated ground systems for EM-2. If additional development 
efforts occur outside the scope of work for EM-2--such as, but 
not limited to, Exploration Upper Stage and a second Mobile 
Launcher--then NASA shall establish separate cost and schedule 
baselines for each additional capability of SLS, Orion, and 
associated ground systems that exceed the $250,000,000 
threshold for designation as a major project and ensure they 
encompass all life-cycle costs, to include operations and 
sustainment.
    Human exploration programs.--The Committee directs GAO to 
continue its review of NASA's human exploration programs, 
specifically the SLS program, the Orion program, and 
Exploration Ground Systems, to include the mobile launch 
platforms, and to include integration and software development 
issues that cut across these programs. In addition, the 
Committee directs GAO to review NASA's lunar-focused programs, 
including the Gateway program and other programs or projects 
that are expected to have an estimated life-cycle cost over 
$250,000,000, as part of GAO's semiannual assessment of NASA 
major projects. Separately, the Committee directs GAO to 
continue conducting in-depth reviews of NASA's lunar-focused 
programs. GAO shall report on the acquisition progress of these 
programs, as well as any challenges NASA faces in implementing 
its lunar efforts, as applicable. GAO shall provide periodic 
updates to the Committee on these reviews.
    Monitoring Program Costs and Execution.--The Committee 
recommends that NASA adhere to the open priority 
recommendations provided by GAO. These nine priority 
recommendations relate to: (1) monitoring program costs and 
execution, and (2) improving efficiency and effectiveness. One 
recommendation regarding the International Space Station will 
be addressed in separate report language related to Space 
Operations. Further, within 90 days after enactment of this 
Act, NASA is directed to report to the Committee on its efforts 
to implement the priority GAO recommendations, and, if 
necessary, provide the Committee with adequate justification as 
to why NASA has failed, or will not comply.
    Recommendations for monitoring and execution not mentioned 
elsewhere in this report include: to decrease the risk of cost 
and schedule overruns, NASA should identify a range of possible 
missions for each future SLS variant that includes cost and 
schedule estimates and plans for how those possible missions 
would fit within NASA's funding profile; to decrease the risk 
of cost and schedule overruns and to promote affordability, 
before finalizing acquisition plans for future capability 
variants, NASA should assess the full range of competition 
opportunities and assess the extent to which development and 
production of future elements of the SLS could be competitively 
procured; to improve NASA management and oversight of its 
spaceflight projects, and to improve the reliability of project 
earned value management (EVM) data, NASA should modify the NASA 
Procedural Requirements 7120.5 to require projects to implement 
a formal surveillance program that: (1) Ensures anomalies in 
contractor-delivered and in-house monthly EVM reports are 
identified and explained, and report periodically to the center 
and mission directorate's leadership on relevant trends in the 
number of unexplained anomalies; (2) Ensures consistent use of 
work breakdown structures (WBSs) for both the EVM report and 
the schedule; (3) Ensures that lower-level EVM data reconcile 
with project-level EVM data using the same WBS; (4) Improves 
underlying schedules so that they are properly sequenced using 
predecessor and successor dependencies and are free of 
constraints to the extent practicable so that the EVM baseline 
is reliable; and (5) to provide reliable estimates of program 
cost and schedule that are useful to support management and 
stakeholder decisions, NASA should direct the Orion program to 
perform an updated Joint Cost and Schedule Confidence Level 
analysis in adherence with cost and schedule estimating best 
practices.
    Recommendations for improving efficiency and effectiveness 
include: NASA should coordinate with the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy's Research Business Models working group to 
identify additional areas where they can standardize 
administrative research requirements.
    NASA shall report to the Committee on all these efforts no 
later than 180 days after the enactment of this Act.

                            SPACE OPERATIONS

    The Committee provides $4,285,700,000 for Space Operations, 
which is $353,400,000 below fiscal year 2019 and equal to the 
requested level.
    International Space Station (ISS).--The Committee 
recommends that NASA adhere to the open priority recommendation 
provided by the GAO to develop and maintain a contingency plan 
for ensuring a presence on the ISS until a Commercial Crew 
Program contractor is certified.
    Public-Private Partnerships.--The Committee supports 
public-private partnerships to advance commercial capabilities 
in LEO, particularly those involving in-kind contributions by 
NASA, such as providing a docking node on the ISS available for 
partnership opportunities.
    Female Astronaut Equipment.--The Committee is concerned by 
reports that a lack of adequate equipment prevented two female 
astronauts from completing an historic spacewalk together 
aboard the International Space Station. The Committee directs 
NASA to work with International Space Station partners to 
ensure that adequate equipment is available in the future, and 
to determine if additional resources are required to meet such 
a request. Therefore, within 90 days after enactment of this 
Act, NASA shall report to the Committee on the resources 
necessary to make adequate equipment available, the timelines 
required to make such adequate equipment available, and plans 
for providing adequate equipment in the future.
    21st Century Launch Complex Program.--Within the amounts 
provided for Space Operations, the recommendation includes up 
to the fiscal year 2019 levels for the 21st Century Launch 
Complex Program. The Committee remains concerned with regard to 
efforts directed toward filling critical maintenance, capacity, 
and range safety gaps at NASA launch facilities. The Committee 
directs that within 90 days after enactment of this Act, NASA 
shall report to the Committee regarding the critical 
maintenance requirements, capacity, range safety gaps backlog, 
and associated costs at all NASA-owned launch complexes, 
criteria for awarding funds, and plans for future funding 
requests for this critical space infrastructure program.
    Commercial Crew Program.--The Commercial Crew Program is 
critical to ensuring the United States has safe and reliable 
domestic human spaceflight access to low Earth orbit. The 
Committee supports the efforts of NASA and its industry 
partners to begin operational missions transporting NASA and 
international partner astronauts. To ensure continued 
innovation in safety systems and to appropriately support 
ongoing test activities, the Committee supports the requested 
level for the Commercial Crew Program. Further, not later than 
30 days after the enactment of this Act, NASA is directed to 
provide a report discussing differing launch vehicle fueling 
methods being employed by Commercial Crew Partners and the 
relative impact of those approaches on the overall mission and 
crew safety.
    Rocket Propulsion Test program.--The Committee commends the 
work of the NASA Rocket Propulsion Test Program in developing 
and testing rocket propulsion systems under controlled 
conditions, which is critical for the success of NASA and 
commercial missions. Within the amounts provided for Space 
Operations, the recommendation provides that up to the fiscal 
year 2019 level may be used for NASA's Rocket Propulsion Test 
program.
    International collaboration.--The Committee supports joint 
projects between NASA and the Israel Space Agency and directs a 
report from NASA within 180 days of enactment of this Act 
detailing current and planned projects between the two 
agencies.

  SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) ENGAGEMENT

    The Committee provides $123,000,000 for Science, 
Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Engagement, 
which is $13,000,000 greater than fiscal year 2019. The 
Administration requested no funding for STEM. The Committee 
expects NASA to continue implementing the programs below and to 
ensure that overhead costs to support these programs do not 
exceed five percent. Further, the Committee directs NASA to 
include an adequately requested funding amount for STEM in the 
fiscal year 2021 budget request and future requests.
    National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program.--The 
recommendation includes $48,000,000 for the Space Grant 
program. This amount shall be allocated to State consortia for 
competitively awarded grants in support of local, regional, and 
national STEM needs.
    Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
(EPSCoR).--The recommendation includes $25,000,000 for EPSCoR.
    Minority University Research and Education Project 
(MUREP).--The recommendation includes $37,000,000 for MUREP.
    STEM Education and Accountability Projects (SEAP).--The 
recommendation includes $13,000,000 for SEAP.

                 SAFETY, SECURITY AND MISSION SERVICES

    The Committee provides $3,084,600,000 for Safety, Security 
and Mission Services, which is $329,600,000 above fiscal year 
2019 and equal to the requested level.
    Working Capital Fund (WCF) reporting.--NASA shall continue 
to submit quarterly reports to the Committee on the 
expenditures and unobligated balances of NASA's WCF.
    Wind Tunnels.--The Committee recommendation approves NASA's 
proposal to transfer the management and funding for its wind 
tunnels and other aeronautics ground testing assets and 
facilities to Safety, Security, and Mission Services. This 
transfer is intended to improve the overall efficiency and 
effectiveness of managing testing capabilities within the 
Agency.

       CONSTRUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND RESTORATION

    The Committee provides $497,200,000 for Construction and 
Environmental Compliance and Restoration, which is $149,000,000 
above fiscal year 2019 and $103,200,000 below the requested 
level.
    Construction.--The recommendation includes $414,300,000 for 
Construction of Facilities, minor revitalization, planning and 
design, and demolition. Included in this amount is no less than 
$130,500,000 for NASA's three highest priority construction 
projects.
    Environmental Compliance and Restoration.--The 
recommendation includes $82,900,000, which is $8,000,000 
greater than the fiscal year 2019 appropriated level and equal 
to the Administration's fiscal year 2020 requested level, for 
Environmental Compliance and Restoration activities. NASA's 
Environmental Compliance and Restoration (ECR) program cleans 
up hazardous materials and waste products released to the 
surface or groundwater at NASA installations, NASA-owned 
industrial plants supporting NASA activities, current or former 
sites where NASA operations have contributed to environmental 
problems, and other sites where the Agency is legally obligated 
to address hazardous pollutants. Included in this amount is 
requested funding to manage costs while remediating 
environmental contaminants at the Santa Susana Field 
Laboratory.

                    OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $41,700,000 for the Office of the 
Inspector General, which is $2,400,000 above fiscal year 2019 
and equal to the requested level.

                       ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

    The Committee has included the following administrative 
provisions for NASA:
    The bill includes a provision that makes funds for any 
announced prize available without fiscal year limitation until 
the prize is claimed or the offer is withdrawn.
    The bill includes a provision that establishes terms and 
conditions for the transfer of funds.
    The bill includes a provision that requires NASA to submit 
its agency spending plan at the activity level and subjects 
both the spending plan and specified changes to that plan to 
reprogramming procedures under section 505 of this Act.

                      National Science Foundation

    The Committee recommends $8,636,141,000 for the National 
Science Foundation (NSF). This significant investment, which is 
$561,141,000 above fiscal year 2019 and $1,570,141,000 above 
the request shows the Committee's support for science, the 
academic community, and the next generation of scientists, 
mathematicians, astronomers, and engineers across the country. 
The Committee underscores the importance of basic research that 
both improves the lives of Americans and expands our 
understanding of the Earth, the depths of our oceans, our Solar 
System, the Universe, and oceans on other planets.
    The Committee supports infrastructure investments that 
expand our understanding of the universe and inspire students 
to pursue careers in the sciences. The Committee recognizes 
that current and future large scientific facilities represent 
an enormous investment of Federal resources that must be 
administered wisely. The Committee supports basic research in 
fundamental science areas and expects that as NSF uses the 10 
Big Ideas as a focusing tool, the funding for the fundamental 
scientific disciplines will be maintained. Within amounts 
provided, NSF shall allocate no less than fiscal year 2019 
levels to support its existing scientific research, research 
laboratories, observational networks, and other research 
infrastructure assets, including the astronomy assets, the 
current academic research fleet, Federally funded research and 
development centers, and the national high-performance 
computing centers, so that they may provide the support needed 
for cutting edge research.
    Innovation Corps.--The Committee recognizes the value of 
translating basic research for public benefit and the 
recommendation includes an increase of $5,000,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 level for the Innovation Corps program to 
build on the initial successes of its highly innovative public-
private partnership model and expand the program to additional 
academic institutions.
    Computer Science for All.--The Committee strongly supports 
NSF's Computer Science for All efforts and the recommendation 
including an increase of not less $10,000,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 level for such activities. The Computer and 
Information Science and Engineering directorate is expected to 
collaborate with the Division of Research on Learning in Formal 
and Informal Settings to build on ongoing efforts to improve 
rigorous computer science education.

                    RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $7,106,301,000 for Research and 
Related Activities, which is $586,301,000 above fiscal year 
2019 and $1,443,341,000 above the request. The Committee 
believes that strategic investments in the physical sciences 
are vitally important for the United States to remain the 
global leader in innovation, productivity, economic growth, and 
high-paying jobs for the future.
    Artificial intelligence.--The Committee believes it is 
important to maintain leadership in artificial intelligence and 
commends NSF for its significant investments in this area. The 
Committee recognizes the potential of artificial intelligence 
to transform the economy, foster economic growth, support 
national security, and enhance wellbeing. The Committee urges 
NSF to invest in the ethical and safe development of artificial 
intelligence. Within 90 days of the enactment of this Act, NSF 
shall provide the Committee with a report on its efforts to 
prioritize investments in artificial intelligence research.
    Lead detection, testing, and monitoring.--The Committee 
encourages NSF to support funding for next-generation 
approaches to low-cost, high quality lead testing detection and 
monitoring tools.
    Advanced manufacturing.--The Committee recognizes the 
Advanced Manufacturing program and its role in assisting 
domestic manufacturers to reshape our nation's strategic 
industries. The program should continue to prioritize funding 
multidisciplinary research that alters and transforms 
manufacturing capabilities, methods, and practices, while 
providing the framework for domestic manufacturing to remain 
competitive, and helping struggling industries reinvent 
themselves.
    Steel research.--The Committee encourages NSF to use its 
Industrial Innovation and Partnerships program to continue 
research into the U.S. steel industry.
    Palmer Station.--The National Science Foundation currently 
conducts year-round operations with marine support at Palmer 
Station in the Antarctic, consistent with stated U.S. policy. 
Year-round operations have helped advance important scientific 
research while maintaining an active U.S. presence on the 
Antarctic Peninsula. The Committee supports year-round 
operations at Palmer and has provided funding that will enable 
the NSF to do so.
    Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
(EPSCoR).--Within amounts provided, $177,700,000 is for EPSCoR.
    Marine research.--The recommendation maintains current 
funding levels for existing marine research facilities and 
directs NSF to accept new proposals from the academic research 
community for research supported by these facilities. The 
Committee further directs NSF to develop a plan, in 
coordination with the academic research community, to ensure 
the science community's continued access to capabilities 
comparable to those currently provided by existing NSF marine 
research facilities.
    Existing astronomy assets.--The Committee underscores that 
a critical component of the nation's scientific enterprise is 
the infrastructure that supports researchers in discovery 
science, including planetary protection. Investments to advance 
the frontiers of research and education in science and 
engineering are critical to the nation's innovation enterprise. 
U.S.-based astronomy facilities continue to make groundbreaking 
discoveries and maintain excellent world-class scientific 
research. The Committee expects NSF to sustain support for the 
programs and scientific facilities funded by the Astronomical 
Sciences Division at no less than the fiscal year 2019 levels 
to maintain full scientific and educational operations. The 
Committee is aware that NSF is working with Federal, academic, 
and private sector partners to develop plans to share future 
operations and maintenance costs of NSF astronomical 
infrastructure. NSF shall keep the Committee informed of these 
activities. Further, any proposal by NSF to divest the 
Foundation of these facilities shall be proposed as part of any 
future NSF budget request and is subject to NSF administrative 
provisions included in the accompanying bill.
    Quantum initiative.--The Committee supports NSF's research 
program in quantum information science and technology in 
support of the authorized activities included in Section 401 
and Section 402 of the National Quantum Initiative (Public Law 
115-368). This emerging field of science promises to yield 
revolutionary new approaches to computing, sensing and 
communication. NSF should remain committed to developing and 
supporting systems that facilitate tremendous leaps in 
computational simulation, including artificial intelligence, 
storage, quantum computing, and data analyses that enable a 
broad range of scientific research. Leading edge high-
performance computing infrastructure is vital for continued 
U.S. world leadership and international scientific 
competitiveness, particularly given computational investments 
and technical achievements in high-performance computing by 
other nations. The recommendation provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 level for these activities.
    Geospatial data.--The Committee commends NSF for its 
commitment to provide high-performance computing capacity to 
advance global topographic mapping. The Foundation's support to 
produce geospatial products is contributing significantly to 
the advancement of Earth science and adding critical benefits 
to Federal agencies needing to access unclassified geospatial 
data.
    International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP).--The 
recommendation provides $48,000,000 for the IODP. The Committee 
notes that in addition to this funding, the IODP program 
derives funding from international and/or industry partners to 
maximize operating time on the Joint Oceanographic Institutions 
for Deep Earth Sampling (JOIDES) Resolution ocean research 
vessel. The Committee supports the goal of operating five 
research missions a year on the JOIDES Resolution.
    High Energy Physics (HEP).--The Committee continues to 
provide funding for the HEP program to support scientific 
research at university and national laboratories throughout the 
nation and advance Particle Physics Project Prioritization 
Panel projects, operations of existing large facilities, and 
completion of small and medium-sized projects. The exploration 
of the nature of neutrinos, the Higgs Boson, dark matter, dark 
energy, and yet-to-be-discovered forces that govern the origin 
and evolution of our universe will greatly enhance the nation's 
scientific knowledge.
    Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs).--The Committee supports the 
work of the Oceans and Human Health program to better 
understand the public health risks of environmental exposures 
and encourages NSF to continue its research into the human 
health impacts of HABs in the Great Lakes Basin and marine 
coastal regions. HABs jeopardize the integrity of drinking 
water resources in these regions.
    Social, Behavioral, and Economic (SBE) Sciences.--The 
Committee supports SBE and recognizes the fundamental 
importance of its research for advancing our understanding of 
human behavior and its application to a wide range of human 
systems, including public health, national defense and 
security, education and learning, and the integration of human 
and machine. SBE funds over half of our nation's university-
based social and behavioral science research but remains the 
smallest of NSF directorates. The Committee believes this 
research provides an evidence-based understanding of the human 
condition, resulting in more-informed policymaking and better-
informed spending on a full range of national issues. The 
recommendation includes no less than the fiscal year 2019 level 
for SBE.
    Low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR).--The Committee 
encourages the NSF to evaluate the various theories, 
experiments, and scientific literature surrounding the field of 
LENR. It shall also provide a set of recommendations as to 
whether future Federal investment into LENR research would be 
prudent, and if so, a plan for how that investment would be 
best utilized.
    Scientific collaboration.--NSF is encouraged to improve the 
understanding of scientific collaboration and how scientists 
work together.
    Plant Genome Research Program (PGRP).--The Committee finds 
that NSF's PGRP advances research into crop-based genomics and 
phenomics that address challenging economic and societal 
questions and directs NSF to continue to fund the PGRP program 
and to focus the program on research related to crops of 
economic importance.
    Algorithmic bias research.--The Committee encourages NSF to 
partner with non-government organizations, academic 
institutions, and other government agencies including the 
National Institute of Standards and Technology, to fund 
research on algorithmic bias in artificial intelligence, 
machine learning and intelligent systems and its impacts on 
decisions related to employment, housing, and creditworthiness 
and to develop methods, tools, and programs for resolving bias 
within an algorithm. The Committee recognizes that the science 
sponsored through such collaboration is important for studying 
the impact that algorithms have on protected classes and for 
developing an understanding of what kinds of discrimination and 
bias protected classes face in these particular activities.

          MAJOR RESEARCH EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $223,230,000 for Major Research 
Equipment and Facilities Construction, as requested. The 
recommendation includes $1,000,000, as requested, for enhanced 
oversight. NSF shall continue to provide quarterly briefings to 
the Committee on the activities funded in this account.
    Antarctica Infrastructure Modernization for Science 
(AIMS).--The recommendation includes $97,890,000 for AIMS to 
replace major facilities at McMurdo Station, Antarctica, as 
requested. The Committee supports the AIMS program and the 
recommendations for increased efficiencies included in the U.S. 
Antarctic Program Blue Ribbon Panel report, More and Better 
Science in Antarctica through Increased Logistical 
Effectiveness.
    Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST).--The recommendation 
includes $46,340,000 for LSST, as requested. LSST, which was 
ranked as the top large ground-based astronomy project by the 
National Research Council 2010 Decadal Survey, will produce the 
deepest, widest-field sky image ever and issue alerts for 
moving and transient objects within 60 seconds of discovery.
    High Luminosity-Large Hadron Collider Upgrade (HL-LHC).--
The recommendation includes $33,000,000 for upgrades to the 
detectors at the Large Hadron Collider, as requested.
    Mid-scale research infrastructure.--The recommendation 
includes $45,000,000 in the MREFC account for mid-scale 
research infrastructure, as requested. The Committee commends 
NSF for its planned investments in mid-scale research 
infrastructure, including the provision of larger mid-scale 
instrumentation and the facility operation transition program 
to better enable support for facilities over their complete 
lifespan.
    Infrastructure planning.--The Committee is concerned about 
the NSF's planning for the construction and development of the 
next-generation of competitive large-scale facilities to 
support NSF-funded science disciplines, including ground-based 
telescopes. Failure to plan for the next generation of 
facilities handicaps the U.S. science community and risks our 
nation's global leadership in science. The Committee encourages 
NSF to develop a comprehensive and prioritized list of large-
scale facilities requested by NSF-supported science 
disciplines.

                     EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES

    The Committee recommends $950,000,000 for Education and 
Human Resources, which is $40,000,000 above fiscal year 2019 
and $126,530,000 above the request.
    Broadening participation programs.--To broaden the 
participation of underrepresented populations in STEM education 
programs and, ultimately, the STEM workforce, the 
recommendation provides no less than $48,500,000 for the Louis 
Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation; no less than 
$67,000,000 for the Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program; 
and no less than $15,000,000 for the Tribal Colleges and 
Universities Program.
    Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs).--Hispanic Serving 
Institutions and the HSI grant program play an important role 
in increasing the recruitment, retention, and graduation rates 
of Hispanic students pursuing STEM degrees, particularly at 
institutions of higher education that typically do not receive 
high levels of NSF funding. The recommendation includes no less 
than $45,000,000 for the HSI program.
    Historically Black Colleges and Universities Undergraduate 
Program (HBCU-UP).--The recommendation provides no less than 
$38,000,000 for the HBCU-UP. Within amounts provided, the 
recommendation includes an increase of $3,000,000 for the 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities Excellence in 
Research program. This initiative provides strategic programs 
and opportunities for Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities (HBCUs) that stimulate sustainable improvement in 
their research and development capacity and competitiveness. 
The Committee encourages NSF to continue to use research 
infrastructure improvement grants, co-funding programs, and 
other innovative mechanisms to boost HBCU participation and 
capacity throughout NSF research programs.
    Inclusion across the Nation of Communities of Learners of 
Underrepresented Discoverers in Engineering and Science (NSF 
INCLUDES).--The Committee supports the NSF INCLUDES program, 
which is a comprehensive national initiative designed to 
enhance U.S. leadership in science, technology, engineering and 
mathematics discoveries and innovations focused on NSFs 
commitment to diversity, inclusion, and broadening 
participation in these fields. The recommendation includes no 
less than the fiscal year 2019 level for NSF INCLUDES.
    Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-Serving 
Institutions (AANAPISIs).--The Committee notes that among the 
minority-serving institutions with whom NSF provides grant 
opportunities, AANAPISIs are not designated. The Committee 
urges NSF to increase grant funding opportunities for 
AANAPISIs, and to reach out to these institutions to raise 
awareness regarding these grants.
    Early Childhood STEM Education.--The Committee urges NSF, 
in awarding grants under its Discovery Research PreK-12 
program, to consider age distribution in order to more 
equitably allocate funding for research studies with a focus on 
early childhood.
    Cybersecurity research.--The Committee encourages NSF to 
form partnerships with Hispanic Serving Institutions and 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities with respect to 
cybersecurity research.
    CyberCorps.--The Committee provides no less than the fiscal 
year 2019 level for CyberCorps: Scholarships for Service 
program and urges NSF to use the CyberCorps Faculty Fellows 
pilot program to address the critical shortage of cybersecurity 
faculty in U.S. institutions of higher education. In addition, 
the Committee urges NSF to continue work with qualified 
community colleges including through providing scholarships and 
apprenticeship opportunities.
    Bioprocessing workforce development.--The Committee is 
aware of the shortage in trained bioprocessing engineers, 
scientists and technicians in the workforce and supports 
expanded capacity and partnerships at NSF to address these 
shortfalls. The lack of proper bioprocessing training 
facilities in the United States, particularly those that have 
integrated hands-on academic education, industry training, and 
workforce development, is crippling this vital source of 
ingenuity in the labor force. The Committee strongly urges NSF 
to make investments in support of transdisciplinary workforce 
development, training and education programs in the 
bioprocessing field. When providing resources for these 
initiatives, NSF is encouraged to look to institutions of 
higher education that have successfully demonstrated national 
and international collaborations in this arena.

                 AGENCY OPERATIONS AND AWARD MANAGEMENT

    The Committee recommends $336,890,000 for Agency Operations 
and Award Management, which is $7,350,000 above fiscal year 
2019 and the same as the request.

                  OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD

    The Committee recommends $4,370,000 for the National 
Science Board, which is the same as fiscal year 2019 and 
$270,000 above the request.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $15,350,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General, which is the same as fiscal year 2019 and 
the request.

                       ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The bill includes a provision that establishes thresholds 
for the transfer of funds.
    The bill includes a provision regarding notification prior 
to acquisition or disposal of certain assets.

                                TITLE IV


                            RELATED AGENCIES


                       Commission on Civil Rights


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $10,500,000 for the Commission on 
Civil Rights, which is $435,000 above fiscal year 2019 and 
$1,300,000 above the request.
    Field Hearings.--The Committee encourages the Commission to 
conduct field hearings on priority civil rights topics such as 
fair housing and the Census.
    Donations.--The Committee includes bill language granting 
the Commission the authority to accept donations to carry out 
its mission, similar to authority provided to 45 other Federal 
agencies. The Commission shall provide to the Committee 
quarterly updates on all gifts and donations, as well as the 
terms of, and specific activities funded by, the gift or 
donation. Additionally, anticipated funding from gifts or 
donations shall be included in the Commission's annual spend 
plan.

                Equal Employment Opportunity Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $399,500,000 for the Equal 
Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which is $20,000,000 
above fiscal year 2019 and $43,700,000 above the request. The 
recommendation continues the increase provided in fiscal year 
2018 to address sexual harassment claims. The recommended 
additional funding is provided to increase front-line and 
investigative staff to reduce wait times for intake 
appointments, modernize information technology, and to collect 
information required by the revised EEO-1 form.
    Summary pay data.--The Committee supports EEOCs's September 
2016 revisions to the EEO-1 form. This strengthened pay data 
collection will shine a light on pay practices, reveal trends, 
and support employers in proactively evaluating their systems 
and closing pay gaps.
    Charge Quotas.--The Committee is concerned about EEOC's 
handling of A, B, and C charges and directs EEOC to submit a 
report to the Committee, not later than 120 days after the date 
of enactment of this Act, documenting any formal or informal 
quotas EEOC has used for the handling of A, B, and C charges, 
respectively, as defined in the EEOC's Priority Charge Handling 
Procedures, for fiscal years 2018 and 2019, as well as any 
projected quotas for Fiscal Year 2020.

                     International Trade Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $101,000,000 for the International 
Trade Commission (ITC), which is $6,000,000 above fiscal year 
2019 and $9,900,000 above the request.
    American Manufacturing Competitiveness Act of 2016--In 
fiscal year 2020, the ITC will begin the second cycle for the 
consideration of product items for potential inclusion in 
future miscellaneous tariff bills (MTBs) no later than October 
15, 2019, in compliance with the American Manufacturing 
Competitiveness Act of 2016. As part of the first cycle in 
fiscal year 2016, the ITC received over 5,000 petitions and 
comments and recommended roughly 1,700 products for inclusion 
in an MTB. In order to deliver a final MTB report to Congress 
by August 2020, the ITC will require a temporary surge in 
staffing to prepare, process, and analyze a second round of 
petitions. The recommendation supports the ITC's request to 
ensure adequate staffing to support this effort.

                       Legal Services Corporation


               PAYMENT TO THE LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The Committee recommends $550,000,000 for the Legal 
Services Corporation (LSC), which is $135,000,000 above fiscal 
year 2019 and $531,800,000 above the request.
    LSC is a nonprofit corporation established to promote equal 
access to justice and to provide grants for high-quality civil 
legal assistance to low-income persons. LSC grants help the 
most vulnerable people, including families facing unlawful 
evictions or foreclosures and women seeking protection from 
abuse. With State, local, pro bono, and private sources 
underfunded, LSC is critical to closing the access-to-justice 
gap.
    Evictions.--The Committee is concerned with the high rate 
of evictions in certain States and territories and the limited 
available legal aid. The recommendation includes funding for 
LSC to conduct and publish an analysis regarding areas within 
States and territories with high rates of unmet legal needs 
involving evictions and with consideration of variations in 
local laws. LSC should use data regarding eviction rates, 
availability of legal aid or other free legal advocates, and 
differences among laws and procedures affecting evictions in 
different areas. In addition, LSC is urged to explore 
opportunities to explore increasing access to eviction-related 
legal aid in such States and territories including through 
LSC's Pro Bono Innovation Fund.

          ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION--LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The bill continues certain restrictions on the uses of LSC 
funding.

                        Marine Mammal Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee was disappointed by the proposal to close the 
Marine Mammal Commission and rejects that proposal. Instead the 
recommendation includes $3,616,000 for the critical work of the 
commission to protect the important species in our oceans.

            Office of the United States Trade Representative

    The Committee recommends $72,000,000 for the Office of the 
U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), which is $4,000,000 above 
fiscal year 2019 and $3,000,000 above the request. The 
Committee recognizes the continued growth in USTR's mission, 
but the Committee is concerned that USTR is not executing its 
available funding with the ferocity the Committee would 
anticipate given USTR's growing workload. In support of better 
oversight and transparency of both Salaries and Expenses and 
the Trade Enforcement Trust Fund, the Committee directs the 
submission of a quarterly expenditure report outlining actual 
and planned obligations through the fiscal year by account and 
source year as well as USTR's target and actual staffing 
levels. Recognizing USTR expenses are largely personnel-
related, USTR is directed to categorize expenses by object 
class code and the program areas supported. The report is due 
no later than 30 days after the end of each quarter in the 
fiscal year.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $57,000,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of USTR, which is $4,000,000 above fiscal year 2019 
and $2,000,000 below the request. The Committee recommendation 
supports current staffing and includes the requested $1,100,000 
towards FIRRMA implementation. USTR is encouraged to maintain 
staff who can translate trade documents that USTR receives from 
China. The Committee directs USTR to continue its reporting 
requirement related to free trade agreements, as directed in 
House Report 115-704.
    U.S.-India Bilateral Trade.--The Committee notes the 
importance of U.S.-India bilateral trade and investment. 
However, the Committee is concerned that India has been 
enacting a series of policies to increase domestic 
manufacturing and protect domestic industries and agricultural 
production that discriminate against U.S. exports and 
investment, including unfair treatment by India of U.S. exports 
of American-produced boric acid and the illegal rebranding and 
smuggling of U.S.-grown almonds into India. In March 2019, USTR 
announced it intends to terminate India's designation as a 
beneficiary developing country under the Generalized System of 
Preferences (GSP) program primarily because India has (1) 
failed to provide the United States with assurances that it 
will provide equitable and reasonable access to its markets in 
numerous sectors and (2) has implemented a wide array of trade 
barriers that create serious negative effects on U.S. commerce. 
Accordingly, the Committee supports USTR's work to provide 
equitable market access for U.S. exports to India and 
encourages USTR to continue to work to address the 
aforementioned trade practices and market access issues with 
the Indian government.

                      TRADE ENFORCEMENT TRUST FUND

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $15,000,000, which is to be 
derived from the Trade Enforcement Trust Fund, for trade 
enforcement activities authorized by the Trade Facilitation and 
Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 (TFTEA). The recommendation is 
$5,000,000 above the request and equal to the amount for fiscal 
year 2019.
    The recommendation does not include proposed bill language 
to change the TFTEA. USTR is encouraged to work with the 
appropriate committees for technical fixes to the legislation. 
Further, the Committee understands that USTR is interested in 
extending the availability of any unused balances within the 
Trust Fund until such funds are expended. While the Committee 
appreciates USTR's challenges of executing this authority on an 
annual basis, USTR has typically not executed against its full 
budget authority nor has it shown plans for how the carryover 
funding could be allocated if such flexibility were granted. 
USTR should consider this in its submission of the quarterly 
expenditure report and future congressional justifications.

                        State Justice Institute


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $6,555,000 for the State Justice 
Institute, which is $584,000 above fiscal year 2019 and the 
same as the request.
    The additional funding is provided to enhance the 
Institute's efforts to help State courts address the opioid 
epidemic. The Committee expects the Institute to make 
addressing the opioid epidemic a priority.

                                TITLE V


                           GENERAL PROVISIONS


                        (INCLUDING RESCISSIONS)

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    Section 501 prohibits the use of funds for publicity or 
propaganda purposes unless expressly authorized by law.
    Section 502 prohibits any appropriation contained in this 
Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless expressly authorized.
    Section 503 provides that the expenditure of any 
appropriation contained in this Act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 504 provides that if any provision of this Act or 
the application of such provision to any person or circumstance 
shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the 
application of other provisions shall not be affected.
    Section 505 prohibits a reprogramming of funds that: (1) 
creates or initiates a new program, project, or activity; (2) 
eliminates a program, project, or activity; (3) increases funds 
or personnel by any means for any project or activity for which 
funds have been denied or restricted; (4) relocates an office 
or employees; (5) reorganizes or renames offices, programs, or 
activities; (6) contracts out or privatizes any function or 
activity presently performed by Federal employees; (7) augments 
funds for existing programs, projects, or activities in excess 
of $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, or reduces by 10 
percent funding for any program, project, or activity, or 
numbers of personnel by 10 percent; or (8) results from any 
general savings, including savings from a reduction in 
personnel, which would result in a change in existing programs, 
projects, or activities as approved by Congress, unless the 
House and Senate Committees on Appropriations are notified 15 
days in advance of such reprogramming of funds.
    Section 506 provides that if it is determined that any 
person intentionally affixes a ``Made in America'' label to any 
product that was not made in America that person shall not be 
eligible to receive any contract or subcontract made with funds 
made available in this Act. The section further provides that 
to the extent practicable, with respect to purchases of 
promotional items, funds made available under this Act shall be 
used to purchase items manufactured, produced, or assembled in 
the United States or its territories or possessions.
    Section 507 requires quarterly reporting on the status of 
balances of appropriations.
    Section 508 provides that any costs incurred by a 
department or agency funded under this Act resulting from, or 
to prevent, personnel actions taken in response to funding 
reductions in this Act, or, for the Department of Commerce, 
from actions taken for the care and protection of loan 
collateral or grant property, shall be absorbed within the 
budgetary resources available to the department or agency, and 
provides transfer authority between appropriation accounts to 
carry out this provision, subject to reprogramming procedures.
    Section 509 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco 
products or to seek the reduction or removal of foreign 
restrictions on the marketing of tobacco products, except for 
restrictions that are not applied equally to all tobacco or 
tobacco products of the same type. This provision is not 
intended to impact routine international trade services to all 
U.S. citizens, including the processing of applications to 
establish foreign trade zones.
    Section 510 limits the obligation of receipts deposited 
into the Crime Victims Fund to $2,838,000,000 during fiscal 
year 2020. The language also provides for a tribal set-aside.
    Section 511 prohibits the use of Department of Justice 
funds for programs that discriminate against or denigrate the 
religious or moral beliefs of students participating in such 
programs.
    Section 512 prohibits the transfer of funds made available 
in this Act to any department, agency or instrumentality of the 
United States Government, except for transfers made by, or 
pursuant to authorities provided in, this Act or any other 
appropriations Act.
    Section 513 requires the Inspectors General of the 
Departments of Commerce and Justice, the National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, and 
the Legal Services Corporation to conduct reviews of activities 
funded in this Act and requires certifications regarding 
conflicts of interest.
    Section 514 prohibits funds for acquisition of certain 
information systems unless the acquiring department or agency 
has reviewed and assessed certain risks. Any acquisition of 
such an information system is contingent upon the development 
of a risk mitigation strategy and a determination that the 
acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section shall consult with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other relevant agencies when 
reviewing supply chain risks and making a determination that 
the acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section is directed to ensure it is 
following the criteria established by the FBI and the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology when acquiring or 
renewing certain information systems. Each department or agency 
covered under this section shall submit a quarterly report to 
the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate 
describing reviews and assessments of risk made pursuant to 
this section and any associated findings or determinations.
    Section 515 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to support or justify the use of torture by any 
official or contract employee of the United States Government.
    Section 516 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to include certain language in trade agreements.
    Section 517 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to authorize or issue a national security letter (NSL) 
in contravention of certain laws authorizing the FBI to issue 
NSLs.
    Section 518 requires congressional notification regarding 
any project within the Departments of Commerce or Justice, the 
National Science Foundation or the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration totaling more than $75,000,000 that has 
cost increases of 10 percent or more.
    Section 519 deems funds for intelligence or intelligence 
related activities as authorized by Congress during fiscal year 
2020 until the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
for fiscal year 2020.
    Section 520 prohibits contracts or grant awards in excess 
of $5,000,000 unless the prospective contractor or grantee 
certifies that the organization has filed all Federal tax 
returns, has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and has no unpaid Federal tax 
assessment.

                             (RESCISSIONS)

    Section 521 provides for rescissions of unobligated 
balances from the Department of Justice.
    Section 522 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act for the purchase of first class or premium air travel 
in contravention of certain Federal regulations.
    Section 523 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to pay for the attendance of more than 50 department 
or agency employees, who are stationed in the United States, at 
any single conference outside the United States, unless the 
conference is a law enforcement training or operational event 
where the majority of Federal attendees are law enforcement 
personnel stationed outside the United States.
    Section 524 requires tracking and reporting of undisbursed 
balances in expired grant accounts.
    Section 525 requires funds, to the extent practicable, to 
be used to purchase light bulbs that are ``Energy Star'' 
qualified or have the ``Federal Energy Management Program'' 
designation.
    Section 526 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
(NASA), the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) or 
the National Space Council (NSC) to engage in bilateral 
activities with China or a Chinese-owned company unless the 
activities are authorized by subsequent legislation or NASA, 
OSTP or NSC after consultation with the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation have made a certification pursuant to subsections 
(c) and (d) of this section.
    Section 527 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to establish or maintain a computer network that does 
not block pornography, except for law enforcement or victim 
assistance purposes.
    Section 528 requires each department and agency funded in 
the bill to submit spending plans.
    Section 529 prohibits funds to pay for award or incentive 
fees for contractors with below satisfactory performance or 
performance that fails to meet the basic requirements of the 
contract.
    Section 530 prohibits funds from being used by the 
Department of Justice or Drug Enforcement Administration in 
contravention of section 7606 of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
    Section 531 prohibits the Department of Justice from 
preventing certain States and territories from implementing 
State or territory laws regarding the use of medical marijuana.
    Section 532 requires a quarterly report from the Department 
of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
and the National Science Foundation on official travel to 
China.
    Section 533 requires not less than 10 percent of the funds 
provided for certain programs be provided to persistent poverty 
counties.
    Section 534 prohibits the use of funds to include any 
question on the 2020 Census that was not included in the 2018 
End-to-End Census Test in Providence County, Rhode Island.
    Section 535 prohibits funds to move a Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives facility.

            House of Representatives Reporting Requirements

    The following materials are submitted in accordance with 
various requirements of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives:


         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is a statement of 
general performance goals and objectives for which this measure 
authorizes funding: The Committee on Appropriations considers 
program performance, including a program's success in 
developing and attaining outcome-related goals and objectives, 
in developing funding recommendations.

                          Rescission of Funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following table is submitted 
describing the rescissions recommended in the accompanying 
bill:

 
 
 
Department of Justice:
    Working Capital Fund..............................      $100,000,000
    Federal Bureau of Investigation, Salaries and            $60,000,000
     Expenses.........................................
    Office of Justice Programs........................       $85,000,000
 

                           Transfers of Funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is submitted describing 
the transfers of funds provided in the accompanying bill:
    In title I, under Bureau of the Census, Periodic Censuses 
and Programs, language is included to transfer funds to the 
Department of Commerce, Office of Inspector General.
    Under U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included to transfer funds to the Civil 
Service Retirement and Disability Fund, the Federal Employees 
Health Benefit Fund, the Federal Employees Group Life Insurance 
Fund, and the Department of Commerce, Office of Inspector 
General.
    Under National Institute of Standards and Technology, 
Scientific and Technical Research and Services, language is 
included allowing for transfers to the Working Capital Fund.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Operations, Research, and Facilities, language is included to 
transfer funds from the Promote and Develop Fishery Products 
and Research Pertaining to American Fisheries fund.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction, language is 
included to transfer funds to the Department of Commerce, 
Office of the Inspector General.
    Under Office of the Inspector General, language is included 
to transfer funds from the Public Safety Trust Fund.
    In title II, under General Administration, Justice 
Information Sharing Technology, language is included allowing 
for the transfer of funds.
    Under General Administration, Executive Office for 
Immigration Review, language is included to transfer funds to 
the Executive Office for Immigration Review from fees deposited 
in the Immigration Examinations Fee account.
    Under Legal Activities, Salaries and Expenses, Community 
Relations Service, language is included allowing for the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under National Security Division, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included to allow the transfer of funds in certain 
circumstances.
    Under Federal Prison System, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included to allow the transfer of funds to the 
Department of Health and Human Services.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Office on 
Violence Against Women, Violence Against Women Prevention and 
Prosecution Programs, language is included to allow the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, State and 
Local Law Enforcement Assistance, language is included to allow 
the transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Public 
Safety Officer Benefits, language is included to allow the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under Community Oriented Policing Services, Community 
Oriented Policing Services Programs, language is included to 
allow the transfer of funds to the Office of Justice Programs.
    Section 205 provides language for the transfer of funds 
between Department of Justice appropriations in certain 
circumstances.
    Section 212 provides language for the transfer of funds 
between certain grant funds and the National Institute of 
Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
    In title III, under National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, Administrative Provisions, language is included 
allowing for the transfer of funds between appropriations.
    Under National Science Foundation, Administrative 
Provisions, language is included allowing for the transfer of 
funds among appropriations.
    Under United States Trade Representative, Trade Enforcement 
Trust Fund, language is included providing for the transfer of 
funds.
    Under General Provisions, Section 508 provides for the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under General Provisions, Section 510 provides for the 
transfer of funds to the Department of Justice, Office of 
Inspector General.

   Disclosure of Earmarks and Congressionally Directed Spending Items

    Neither the bill nor the report contain any Congressional 
earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as 
defined in clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives.

          Compliance With Rule XIII, CL. 3(e) (Ramseyer Rule)

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee notes that the 
accompanying bill does not propose to repeal or amend a statute 
or part thereof.

               Changes in the Application of Existing Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(A) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following statements are 
submitted describing the effect of provisions in the 
accompanying bill that directly or indirectly change the 
application of existing law.
    Language is included for a number of accounts placing 
limitations on representation and reception allowances in order 
to restrict the amount of money that would otherwise be spent 
on these activities. The bill also provides that a number of 
appropriations shall remain available for obligation beyond the 
current fiscal year. While these provisions are not 
specifically authorized for all of the items, it is deemed 
desirable to include such language for certain programs in 
order to provide for orderly administration and effective use 
of funds.
    In title I, Department of Commerce, under International 
Trade Administration, Operations and Administration, language 
is included providing that funds may be used for engaging in 
trade promotion activities abroad, including facilitating 
business investments, expenses of grants and cooperative 
agreements, for the purposes of promoting exports of U.S. 
firms. Language is also provided allowing for full medical 
coverage for dependent members of immediate families of 
employees stationed overseas and employees temporarily posted 
overseas; travel and transportation of employees of the 
International Trade Administration; employment of Americans and 
aliens by contract for services; rental of space abroad and 
expenses of alteration, repair, or improvement; purchase or 
construction of temporary demountable exhibition structures for 
use abroad; and payment of tort claims. In addition, language 
is included regarding official representation expenses abroad, 
purchase of passenger motor vehicles for official use abroad, 
obtaining insurance on official motor vehicles, and rental of 
tie lines. Language is also recommended deriving a portion of 
available funds from fees. Furthermore, language is included 
designating funding for China antidumping and countervailing 
duty enforcement and compliance activities. Moreover, language 
is included providing for two-year availability of funds. 
Finally, language is included regarding the contributions under 
the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961.
    Under Bureau of Industry and Security, Operations and 
Administration, the language provides for no-year availability 
of funds. Language is included regarding the costs associated 
with the performance of export administration field activities 
both domestically and abroad; full medical coverage for 
dependent members of immediate families of employees stationed 
overseas; employment of Americans and aliens by contract for 
services abroad; payment of tort claims; official 
representation expenses abroad; awards of compensation to 
informers; and purchase of passenger motor vehicles for 
official use and motor vehicles for law enforcement use without 
regard to any price limitation established by law. In addition, 
language is included regarding the Mutual Educational and 
Cultural Exchange Act of 1961. Finally, language is recommended 
providing that payments and contributions collected and 
accepted for materials or services may be retained for use in 
covering the cost of those activities and other communications.
    Under Economic Development Administration, Economic 
Development Assistance Programs, the language provides for no-
year availability of funds.
    Also, under Salaries and Expenses, language is included 
regarding the monitoring of approved projects.
    Under Minority Business Development Agency, Minority 
Business Development, language is included making funds 
available for fostering, promoting, and developing minority 
business enterprises, including expenses of grants, contracts 
and other agreements.
    Under Economic and Statistical Analysis, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for two-year 
availability of funds.
    Under Bureau of the Census, Current Surveys and Programs, 
language is included providing that funds may be used for 
collecting, compiling, analyzing, preparing and publishing 
statistics and for promotion, outreach and marketing 
activities.
    Also, under Periodic Censuses and Programs, language is 
included providing three-year availability of funds. Language 
is also included providing that funds may be used for 
collecting, compiling, analyzing, preparing and publishing 
statistics and for promotion, outreach and marketing 
activities. In addition, language is included providing for a 
transfer to the ``Office of Inspector General'' account for 
activities associated with carrying out investigations and 
audits related to the Bureau of the Census. Finally, language 
is included making appropriations available under the Balanced 
Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended.
    Under National Telecommunications and Information 
Administration (NTIA), Salaries and Expenses, language is 
included permitting the Secretary of Commerce to charge Federal 
agencies for costs in spectrum management, analysis, 
operations, and related services; and to use such collections 
in telecommunications research. The language also allows the 
Secretary to retain and use as offsetting collections all funds 
transferred, or previously transferred for telecommunications 
research, engineering and activities by the Institute for 
Telecommunication Sciences of NTIA. Finally, language is 
included providing that funds so transferred shall remain 
available until expended.
    Also, under Public Telecommunications Facilities, Planning 
and Construction, language is included allowing recoveries and 
unobligated balances of funds previously appropriated to be 
available for the administration of all open grants until their 
expiration.
    Under United States Patent and Trademark Office, Salaries 
and Expenses, language is included providing that appropriated 
funds be reduced as offsetting collections are assessed and 
collected. Language is including making funds available until 
expended and providing that funds received in excess of 
appropriations be deposited in a Patent and Trademark Fee 
Reserve Fund, to be available until expended pursuant to the 
Director submitting a spending plan subject to section 505 of 
this Act, after which the funds shall be transferred to the 
Salaries and Expenses account. In addition, language is 
included limiting representation expenses. Language is also 
included regarding basic pay and certain retirement benefits. 
Additional language is included regarding USPTO's financial 
statements. Furthermore, language is included providing that 
fees and surcharges charged are available to USPTO pursuant to 
section 42(c) of title 35, United States Code. Finally, the 
language provides that an amount be transferred to the Office 
of Inspector General (OIG).
    Under National Institute of Standards and Technology 
(NIST), Scientific and Technical Research and Services, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds. In addition, language is included allowing transfers to 
the Working Capital Fund. Language is included limiting funds 
for official reception and representation expenses. Finally, 
language is included allowing NIST to provide local 
transportation for a certain fellowship program.
    Also, under Industrial Technology Services, language is 
included providing no-year availability of funds. The language 
also designates an amount for the Manufacturing Extension 
Partnership and the National Network for Manufacturing 
Innovation.
    In addition, under Construction of Research Facilities, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included regarding the submission of 
certain materials in support of construction budget requests.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
(NOAA), Operations, Research, and Facilities, language is 
included allowing for two-year availability for funds. Language 
is also included allowing maintenance, operation, and hire of 
aircraft and vessels; grants, contracts, or other payments to 
nonprofit organizations for the purposes of conducting 
activities pursuant to cooperative agreements; and relocation 
of facilities. Language is included allowing fees and donations 
received by a particular office to be retained and used for 
expenses related to certain activities. In addition, language 
is included that provides that certain funds be derived from 
various sources and restricting their use to certain 
activities. Moreover, language is included specifying that 
deviations from amounts included in the report accompanying the 
Act shall be subject to section 505 of this Act. Finally, 
language is included providing for retired pay expenses.
    Also, under Procurement, Acquisition and Construction, 
language is included providing for three-year availability for 
funds, except for construction funds, which are available until 
expended. Language is also included providing that certain 
funds be derived from various sources. In addition, language is 
included specifying that deviations from amounts included in 
the report accompanying the Act shall be subject to section 505 
of this Act. Language is included regarding the submission of 
certain materials in support of construction budget requests. 
Language is included transferring an amount to the OIG.
    In addition, under Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery, 
language is included providing for two-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included allowing the Secretary of 
Commerce to issue grants to specific States and Federally 
recognized tribes for conservation projects for listed 
endangered or threatened salmon and steelhead populations, 
populations at risk to be so listed, and for maintaining 
populations necessary for the exercise of tribal treaty fishing 
rights, and for conservation of Pacific coastal salmon and 
steelhead habitat, to be allocated under scientific and merit 
principles and not available for marketing activities; and 
requiring a State match.
    Furthermore, under Fishermen's Contingency Fund, language 
is included providing for the appropriation of funds to be 
derived from receipts collected pursuant to Title IV of Public 
Law 95-372 and provides that these funds are available until 
expended.
    Additionally, under Fishery Disaster Assistance language is 
included providing no year availability of funds.
    Moreover, under Fisheries Finance Program Account, language 
is included placing limitations on individual fishing quota 
loans and traditional direct loans.
    Under Departmental Management, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation expenses. Further, language is included 
withholding funds until the Department submits an expenditure 
plan.
    In addition, under Renovation and Modernization, language 
is included making available funds for expenses towards 
Department of Commerce facilities. The language provides no-
year availability.
    Under Department of Commerce, General Provisions, the 
following general provisions that fall within the rule are 
recommended:
    Section 101 makes funds available for advanced payments 
only upon certification of officials designated by the 
Secretary that such payments are considered to be in the public 
interest.
    Section 102 makes appropriations for the Department 
available for hire of passenger motor vehicles, for services, 
and for uniforms and allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 103 requires the Secretary of Commerce to notify 
the Committee of certain actions.
    Section 104 extends Congressional notification requirements 
for NOAA satellite programs and includes life cycle cost 
amounts for certain satellites.
    Section 105 provides for reimbursement for services within 
Department of Commerce buildings.
    Section 106 clarifies that grant recipients under the 
Department of Commerce may continue to deter child pornography, 
copyright infringement, or any other unlawful activity over 
their networks.
    Section 107 provides the Administrator with the authority 
to avail NOAA of needed resources, with the consent of those 
supplying the resources, to carry out responsibilities of any 
statute administered by NOAA.
    Section 108 prohibits the National Technical Information 
Service from charging customers for certain publications, 
except under certain conditions and requires charges be limited 
to recovering costs.
    Section 109 authorizes NOAA to receive payments from other 
entities to defray some costs of permitting and regulatory 
activities.
    Section 110 provides authority for the programs of the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Bureau of the Census to 
enter into cooperative agreements in order to assist in 
improving statistical methodology and research.
    Section 111 includes travel authority for the Office of the 
Secretary of Commerce.
    In title II, Department of Justice, under General 
Administration, Salaries and Expenses, language is included 
providing for an amount for security and construction of 
Department of Justice facilities, which shall remain available 
until expended.
    Also, under Justice Information Sharing Technology, 
language is included providing that funds be available until 
expended. Language is also included allowing transfers up to a 
certain amount to this account for information technology 
initiatives, and that these funds may be transferred subject to 
requirements in this Act and shall be available until expended.
    In addition, under Executive Office for Immigration Review, 
language is included providing that an amount shall be derived 
by transfer from the Executive Office for Immigration Review 
fees deposited in the ``Immigration Examinations Fee'' account. 
Language is also included making an amount available until 
expended for certain purposes.
    Moreover, under Office of Inspector General, language is 
included providing for not to exceed $10,000 to meet unforeseen 
emergencies of a confidential character.
    Under United States Parole Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing that upon the 
expiration of a term of office of a Commissioner, the 
Commissioner may continue to act until a successor has been 
appointed.
    Under Legal Activities, Salaries and Expenses, General 
Legal Activities, language is included providing not to exceed 
a certain amount for expenses of collecting evidence, to be 
expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely 
under the certificate of, the Attorney General. Language is 
also included providing for the administration of pardons and 
clemency petitions. Language is also included providing for 
rental of space in the District of Columbia. Language is 
included making an amount available until expended for 
litigation support contracts. In addition, language is included 
making certain funds available to INTERPOL available until 
expended. Also, language is included limiting the amount of 
funds for official representation and reception expenses 
available to INTERPOL Washington. Furthermore, language is 
included providing funds to the Civil Rights Division for 
expenses associated with election monitoring, authority to 
reimburse the Office of Personnel Management for such expenses, 
and availability of such funds until expended. Finally, 
language is included for expenses associated with processing 
cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986.
    Also, under Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust Division, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds and the use of offsetting collections. The language also 
provides that fees collected for premerger notification 
filings, regardless of the year of collection, shall be 
retained and used for necessary expenses in this appropriation, 
and shall remain available until expended.
    In addition, under Salaries and Expenses, United States 
Attorneys, language is included regarding inter-governmental 
and cooperative agreements and limiting funds for official 
reception and representation expenses. Language is also 
included extending the availability of certain funds. Finally, 
language is included requiring each United States Attorney to 
establish or participate in a task force on human trafficking.
    Furthermore, under United States Trustee System Fund, 
language is included regarding refunds due depositors. Language 
is also included providing for the extended availability of 
certain funds and the use of offsetting collections.
    Moreover, under Fees and Expenses of Witnesses, language is 
included regarding contracts for the procurement and 
supervision of expert witnesses. In addition, language is 
included regarding funds for construction of buildings for 
safesites, armored and other vehicles, and telecommunication 
equipment. The language also provides for no-year availability 
of funds. In addition, language is included providing no funds 
may be transferred pursuant to section 205 of this Act.
    And under Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations 
Service, language is included regarding the transfer of funds 
for conflict resolution and violence prevention activities, 
which shall be subject to the provisions of section 505 of this 
Act.
    Under United States Marshals Service, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included limiting official reception and 
representation expenses, and providing for no-year availability 
for part of the appropriation.
    Also, under Construction, language is included providing 
for no-year availability of funds.
    In addition, under Federal Prisoner Detention, language is 
included providing for no-year availability of funds. Language 
is included limiting the amount of funds considered ``funds 
appropriated for State and local law enforcement assistance''. 
Language is also included providing that the United States 
Marshals Service shall be responsible for managing the Justice 
Prisoner and Alien Transportation System.
    Under National Security Division, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included providing for the no-year availability of 
funds for IT systems. Language is also included providing that 
upon a determination by the Attorney General that emergent 
circumstances require additional funding for the activities of 
the National Security Division, the Attorney General may 
transfer such amounts to this heading from available 
appropriations for the current fiscal year for the Department 
of Justice, as may be necessary to respond to such 
circumstances. The language provides that such a transfer shall 
be treated as a reprogramming under section 505 of this Act.
    Under Interagency Law Enforcement, Interagency Crime and 
Drug Enforcement, language is included providing for no-year 
availability for some of the funds. Language is also included 
regarding authorities under which funds may be used.
    Under Federal Bureau of Investigation, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of certain funds. Language is included providing 
for a limitation on representational expenses.
    Under Construction, language is included specifying the 
purpose of the appropriation and making it available until 
expended.
    Under Drug Enforcement Administration, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for funds to meet 
unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character. Language is 
also included allowing conduct of drug education and training 
programs, including travel and related expenses for 
participants in such programs and the distribution of items of 
token value that promote the goals of such programs. In 
addition, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of certain funds. Finally, language is included 
providing for a limitation on representational expenses.
    Under Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, 
Salaries and Expenses, language is included allowing training 
of State and local law enforcement agencies with or without 
reimbursement, including training in connection with the 
training and acquisition of canines for explosives and fire 
accelerants detection, and allowing provision of laboratory 
assistance to State and local law enforcement agencies, with or 
without reimbursement. Language is also included limiting 
official reception and representation expenses. In addition, 
language is included providing funds for the payment of 
attorneys' fees. Additional language is included prohibiting 
expenses to investigate or act upon applications for relief 
from Federal firearms disabilities under section 925(c) of 
title 18, United States Code. Language is further included 
regarding expenses to investigate applications filed by 
corporations for relief from section 925(c) of title 18, United 
States Code. In addition, language is included providing for 
no-year availability of certain funds. Moreover, language is 
included that prohibits funds to transfer the functions, 
missions or activities of ATF to other agencies or departments.
    Under Federal Prison System, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included that provides for the transfer to the 
Department of Health and Human Services funds necessary for 
medical relief for inmates. Language is also included that 
provides authority to the Director to enter into contracts to 
furnish health care. In addition, language is included placing 
a limitation on funds for reception and representation 
expenses. Furthermore, language is included extending the 
availability of certain funds. Finally, language is included 
providing authority for the Federal Prison System to accept 
donated property and services.
    Also, in Building and Facilities, language is included 
providing for no-year availability of funds. Language is also 
included stating labor of prisoners may be used for work under 
this heading.
    Additionally, under Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated, language is included authorizing Federal Prison 
Industries, Incorporated, to make such expenditures, within the 
limits of funds and borrowing authority available, and in 
accord with the law, and to make such contracts and 
commitments, without regard to fiscal year limitations, as may 
be necessary in carrying out the program set forth in the 
budget for the current fiscal year for such corporation.
    Furthermore, under Limitation on Administrative Expenses, 
Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated, language is included 
making available funds for its administrative expenses, and for 
certain services, to be computed on an accrual basis to be 
determined in accordance with the corporation's current 
prescribed accounting system, and such amounts shall be 
exclusive of depreciation, payment of claims, and expenditures 
that such accounting system requires to be capitalized or 
charged to cost of commodities acquired or produced, including 
selling and shipping expenses, and expenses in connection with 
acquisition, construction, operation, maintenance, improvement, 
protection, or disposition of facilities and other property 
belonging to the corporation or in which it has an interest.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Office on 
Violence Against Women, Violence Against Women Prevention and 
Prosecution Programs, language is included making funds 
available until expended. Language is also included placing a 
limitation on funds to be made available for expenses related 
to evaluation, training, and technical assistance. In addition, 
language is included providing for specific appropriations for 
various programs within the Office on Violence Against Women. 
Furthermore, language is included making available certain 
unobligated balances for specified programs. The language also 
applies certain conditions to specified grants. It provides for 
certain funds to be transferred to ``Research, Evaluation and 
Statistics'' for administration by the Office of Justice 
Programs.
    Under Office of Justice Programs, Research, Evaluation and 
Statistics, language is included to provide for no-year 
availability of funds. Language is also included to provide for 
specific appropriations for various programs within the Office 
of Justice Programs.
    Also, under State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance, 
language is included to provide for no-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included regarding an Officer Robert 
Wilson III Memorial Initiative on Preventing Violence Against 
Law Enforcement Officer Resilience and Survivability 
Initiative, Smart Policing, Smart Prosecution, juvenile 
indigent defense, Convention Security, a National Missing and 
Unidentified Persons System, a training program to improve 
response for those with mental illness, the John R. Justice 
grant program, Capital Litigation and Wrongful Conviction 
Review, Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution, Kevin and 
Avonte's Law, Emergency Federal Law Enforcement Assistance, 
managed access systems, regional law enforcement technology, 
and Community Based Violence Prevention and the application of 
certain sections and special rules. In addition, language is 
included regarding Federal immigration and other detainees 
housed in State and local detention facilities. Language is 
included for an immigration legal aid pilot. Furthermore, 
language is included regarding local government use of funds to 
increase the number of law enforcement officers. Language is 
also included regarding DNA training and education for law 
enforcement, correctional personnel, and court officers. There 
is further language regarding certain time limitations under 
the Second Chance Act. Furthermore, language is included 
waiving a provision of law that terminated the COPS Hiring 
Program after September 2000. Language is also included 
regarding smart policing, smart prosecution, tribal law 
enforcement, regional information sharing activities, and 
certain police training. The language also provides for certain 
funds to be transferred to ``Research, Evaluation and 
Statistics'''. Finally, the language specifies appropriations 
for various programs within the Office of Justice Programs.
    In addition, under Juvenile Justice Programs, language is 
included providing for no-year availability of funds. Language 
is also included waiving a provision of law with respect to 
funding for missing and exploited children programs. Finally, 
the language delineates certain amounts for various programs 
under this heading.
    Furthermore, under Public Safety Officer Benefits, language 
is included providing for no-year availability of funds. 
Language is also included providing for the transfers of funds 
in emergent circumstances, which shall be subject to the 
provisions of section 505 of this Act.
    Under Department of Justice, General Provisions, the 
following general provisions that fall within the rule are 
recommended:
    Section 201 makes available additional reception and 
representation funding for the Attorney General from the 
amounts provided in this title.
    Section 202 prohibits the use of funds to pay for an 
abortion, except in the case of incest, rape or to preserve the 
life of the mother.
    Section 203 prohibits the use of funds to require any 
person to perform or facilitate the performance of an abortion.
    Section 204 establishes the obligation of the Director of 
the Bureau of Prisons to provide escort services to an inmate 
receiving an abortion outside of a Federal facility, except 
where this obligation conflicts with the preceding section.
    Section 205 establishes the Committee's requirements and 
procedures for transfer proposals.
    Section 206 prohibits the use of certain funds for 
transporting prisoners classified as maximum or high security, 
other than to a facility certified by the Bureau of Prisons as 
appropriately secure.
    Section 207 prohibits the use of funds for the purchase or 
rental by Federal prisons of audiovisual equipment, services 
and materials used primarily for recreational purposes, except 
for those items and services needed for inmate training, 
religious, or educational purposes.
    Section 208 requires review by the Deputy Attorney General 
and the Department Investment Review Board prior to the 
obligation or expenditure of funds for major information 
technology projects.
    Section 209 requires the Department to follow reprogramming 
procedures prior to any deviation from the program amounts 
specified in this title or the reuse of specified deobligated 
funds provided in previous years.
    Section 210 prohibits funding from being used for certain 
public-private partnerships.
    Section 211 prohibits U.S. Attorneys from holding dual or 
additional responsibilities that exempt U.S. Attorneys from 
statutory residency requirements.
    Section 212 permits up to 3 percent of grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to OJP to be used 
for training and technical assistance, up to 3 percent of grant 
or reimbursement funds made available to that office to be used 
for criminal justice research, evaluation and statistics, and 
up to 7 percent for grants to Indian tribes.
    Section 213 waives the requirement that the Attorney 
General reserve certain funds from amounts provided for 
offender incarceration.
    Section 214 places limitation on the obligation of funds 
from certain Department of Justice accounts and funding 
sources.
    Section 215 prohibits funds, other than funds for the 
National Instant Criminal Background Check System established 
under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, from being 
used to facilitate the transfer of an operable firearm to a 
known or suspected agent of a drug cartel where law enforcement 
personnel do not continuously monitor or control such firearm. 
This language is made permanent.
    Section 216 places certain restrictions on the uses of 
Department of Justice unobligated balances.
    Section 217 provides authority to use certain grant funding 
for Performance Partnership Pilots.
    Section 218 prohibits the use of case closure metrics for 
immigration judge performance evaluations.
    In title III, Science, under Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, language is included providing that certain 
funds be available for reception and representation expenses, 
and rental of conference rooms.
    Under National Space Council, language is included 
providing that certain funds be available for reception and 
representation expenses.
    Under National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
Science, language is included providing for the two year 
availability of funds. Language is also included regarding a 
limitation on formulation and development costs of a certain 
program with an associated notification requirement and 
language is also included concerning a planetary science 
mission.
    Also, under Aeronautics, language is included providing for 
the two-year availability of funds.
    In addition, under Space Technology, language is included 
providing for the two-year availability of funds.
    Under Exploration, language is included providing for the 
multi-year availability of funds. Language is also included 
that delineates amounts for program components. Language is 
also included describing certain reports and requiring the 
inclusion of estimates in future budget requests.
    In Space Operations, language is included providing for the 
multi-year availability of funds.
    Additionally, under Science, Technology, Engineering, and 
Mathematics Engagement, language is included providing for the 
multi-year availability of funds. Language is also included 
delineating amounts for program components.
    Under Safety, Security and Mission Services, language is 
included providing for the multi-year availability of funds. 
Language is also included to limit official reception and 
representation expenses.
    Under Construction and Environmental Compliance and 
Restoration, language is included providing for the multi-year 
availability of funds. Language is also included restricting 
receipts and expenditures made pursuant to enhanced use lease 
arrangements and requiring the inclusion of estimates in future 
budget requests.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language is included 
providing for the multi-year availability of certain funds.
    In the Administrative Provisions, language is included 
regarding: availability of funds for announced prizes; 
limitations on transfers of funds among NASA accounts; the 
submission of a spending plan; and language limiting obligation 
of certain funds pending submission of certain reports.
    Under National Science Foundation, Research and Related 
Activities, language is included that provides for the multi-
year availability of funds. Language is also included that 
governs funding availability for polar research and operation 
support. In addition, language is included providing that 
certain receipts may be credited to this appropriation.
    Also, under Major Research Equipment and Facilities 
Construction, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of funds.
    In addition, under Education and Human Resources, language 
is included providing for the multi-year availability of funds.
    Furthermore, under Agency Operations and Award Management, 
language is included regarding contracts for maintenance and 
operation of facilities and other services. Language is also 
included limiting representation expenses.
    Under Office of the National Science Board, language is 
included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language is included 
providing for the multi-year availability of certain funds.
    Under Administrative Provision, language is included 
regarding transfers of funds. Also, language is included 
requiring the Director to submit notification of certain 
activities 30 days in advance.
    In title IV, Related Agencies, under Commission on Civil 
Rights, Salaries and Expenses, language is included prohibiting 
expenses to employ in excess of a specific level of full-time 
individuals or to reimburse Commissioners for certain billable 
days. Language is also included prohibiting certain 
unauthorized activities. Finally, language is included 
authorizing the Chair to accept donations or gifts to carry out 
the work of the Commission.
    Under Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included designating an amount for 
payments to State and local enforcement agencies. Language is 
also included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation expenses. Finally, language is included 
authorizing the Chair to accept donations or gifts to carry out 
the work of the Commission.
    Under International Trade Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included limiting funds for official 
reception and representation expenses. Language is also 
included providing for no-year availability of funds.
    Under Legal Services Corporation, Payment to the Legal 
Services Corporation, language is included regarding pay for 
officers and employees. Language is also included delineating 
amounts for specific programs and regarding authorities to 
transfer funds. In addition, language is included designating 
the Legal Services Corporation as an agency of the Federal 
Government for the purposes of reprogramming.
    Under Administrative Provision, Legal Services Corporation, 
language is included that prohibits the use of funds for 
certain activities.
    Under Office of the United States Trade Representative, 
Salaries and Expenses, language is included providing for the 
no-year availability of some funds. Language is also included 
limiting funds for official reception and representation 
expenses.
    Also, under Trade Enforcement Trust Fund, language is 
included regarding certain notifications.
    Under State Justice Institute, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included limiting funds for reception and 
representation expenses. Language is also included providing 
for multi-year availability of certain funds. In addition, 
language is included designating the State Justice Institute as 
an agency of the Federal Government for the purposes of 
reprogramming.
    In title V, General Provisions, the following general 
provisions that fall within the rule are recommended:
    Section 501 prohibits the use of funds for publicity or 
propaganda purposes unless expressly authorized by law.
    Section 502 prohibits any appropriation contained in this 
Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless expressly authorized.
    Section 503 provides that the expenditure of any 
appropriation contained in this Act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 504 provides that if any provision of this Act or 
the application of such provision to any person or circumstance 
shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the 
application of other provisions shall not be affected.
    Section 505 prohibits a reprogramming of funds that: (1) 
creates or initiates a new program, project, or activity; (2) 
eliminates a program, project, or activity; (3) increases funds 
or personnel by any means for any project or activity for which 
funds have been denied or restricted; (4) relocates an office 
or employees; (5) reorganizes or renames offices, programs, or 
activities; (6) contracts out or privatizes any function or 
activity presently performed by Federal employees; (7) augments 
funds for existing programs, projects, or activities in excess 
of $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, or reduces by 10 
percent funding for any program, project, or activity, or 
numbers of personnel by 10 percent; or (8) results from any 
general savings, including savings from a reduction in 
personnel, which would result in a change in existing programs, 
projects, or activities as approved by Congress, unless the 
House and Senate Committees on Appropriations are notified 15 
days in advance of such reprogramming of funds.
    Section 506 provides that if it is determined that any 
person intentionally affixes a ``Made in America'' label to any 
product that was not made in America that person shall not be 
eligible to receive any contract or subcontract made with funds 
made available in this Act. The section further provides that 
to the extent practicable, with respect to purchases of 
promotional items, funds made available under this Act shall be 
used to purchase items manufactured, produced, or assembled in 
the United States or its territories or possessions.
    Section 507 requires quarterly reporting on the status of 
balances of appropriations.
    Section 508 provides that any costs incurred by a 
department or agency funded under this Act resulting from, or 
to prevent, personnel actions taken in response to funding 
reductions in this Act, or, for the Department of Commerce, 
from actions taken for the care and protection of loan 
collateral or grant property, shall be absorbed within the 
budgetary resources available to the department or agency, and 
provides transfer authority between appropriation accounts to 
carry out this provision, subject to reprogramming procedures.
    Section 509 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco 
products or to seek the reduction or removal of foreign 
restrictions on the marketing of tobacco products, except for 
restrictions that are not applied equally to all tobacco or 
tobacco products of the same type. This provision is not 
intended to impact routine international trade services to all 
U.S. citizens, including the processing of applications to 
establish foreign trade zones.
    Section 510 limits the obligation of receipts deposited 
into the Crime Victims Fund to $2,838,000,000 during fiscal 
year 2020, and provides for a transfer of $10,000,000 to the 
Department of Justice, Office of Inspector General for 
oversight and auditing of the fund. It also provides for a 
tribal set-aside.
    Section 511 prohibits the use of Department of Justice 
funds for programs that discriminate against or denigrate the 
religious or moral beliefs of students participating in such 
programs.
    Section 512 prohibits the transfer of funds made available 
in this Act to any department, agency or instrumentality of the 
United States Government, except for transfers made by, or 
pursuant to authorities provided in, this Act or any other 
appropriations Act.
    Section 513 requires certain timetables of audits performed 
by Inspectors General of the Departments of Commerce and 
Justice, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the 
National Science Foundation and the Legal Services Corporation 
and sets limits and restrictions on the awarding and use of 
grants or contracts funded by amounts appropriated by this Act.
    Section 514 prohibits funds for acquisition of certain 
information systems unless the acquiring department or agency 
has reviewed and assessed certain risks. Any acquisition of 
such an information system is contingent upon the development 
of a risk mitigation strategy and a determination that the 
acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section shall consult with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other relevant agencies when 
reviewing supply chain risks and making a determination that 
the acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section is directed to ensure it is 
following the criteria established by the FBI and the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology when acquiring or 
renewing certain information systems. Each department or agency 
covered under this section shall submit a quarterly report to 
the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate 
describing reviews and assessments of risk made pursuant to 
this section and any associated findings or determinations.
    Section 515 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to support or justify the use of torture by any 
official or contract employee of the United States Government.
    Section 516 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to include certain language in trade agreements.
    Section 517 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to authorize or issue a national security letter (NSL) 
in contravention of certain laws authorizing the FBI to issue 
NSLs.
    Section 518 requires congressional notification regarding 
any project within the Departments of Commerce or Justice, the 
National Science Foundation or the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration totaling more than $75,000,000 that has 
cost increases of 10 percent or more.
    Section 519 deems funds for intelligence or intelligence 
related activities as authorized by Congress during fiscal year 
2019 until the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
for fiscal year 2019.
    Section 520 prohibits contracts or grant awards in excess 
of $5,000,000 unless the prospective contractor or grantee 
certifies that the organization has filed all Federal tax 
returns, has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and has no unpaid Federal tax 
assessment.
    Section 521 provides for rescissions of unobligated 
balances from the Departments of Commerce and Justice.
    Section 522 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act for the purchase of first class or premium air travel 
in contravention of certain Federal regulations.
    Section 523 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to pay for the attendance of more than 50 department 
or agency employees, who are stationed in the United States, at 
any single conference outside the United States, unless the 
conference is a law enforcement training or operational event 
where the majority of Federal attendees are law enforcement 
personnel stationed outside the United States.
    Section 524 requires tracking and reporting of undisbursed 
balances in expired grant accounts.
    Section 525 requires, when practicable, the use of funds in 
this Act to purchase light bulbs that have the ``Energy Star'' 
or ``Federal Energy Management Program'' designation.
    Section 526 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
(NASA), the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) or 
the National Space Council (NSC) to engage in bilateral 
activities with China or a Chinese-owned company unless the 
activities are authorized by subsequent legislation or NASA, 
OSTP or NSC after consultation with the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation have made a certification pursuant to subsections 
(c) and (d) of this section.
    Section 527 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to establish or maintain a computer network that does 
not block pornography, except for law enforcement or victim 
assistance purposes.
    Section 528 requires each department and agency funded in 
the bill to submit spending plans.
    Section 529 prohibits the use of funds to pay for 
unsatisfactory contractor performance.
    Section 530 prohibits the use of funds by the Department of 
Justice or the Drug Enforcement Administration in contravention 
of a certain section of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
    Section 531 prohibits the Department of Justice from 
preventing certain States or territories from implementing 
their laws regarding the use of medical marijuana.
    Section 532 requires quarterly reports from the Department 
of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
and the National Science Foundation on official travel to 
China.
    Section 533 requires not less than 10 percent of the funds 
provided for certain programs be provided to persistent poverty 
counties.
    Section 534 prohibits funds to incorporate into the 2020 
Decennial Census any question that was not included in the 2018 
End-to-End Census Test.
    Section 535 prohibits funds to move a Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives facility.

                  Appropriations Not Authorized by Law

    The Committee, in a number of instances, has found it 
necessary to recommend funding for ongoing activities and 
programs for which authorizations have not been enacted to 
date. Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(B) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the following table lists the 
appropriations in the accompanying bill that are not authorized 
by law for the period concerned:

                                                               UNAUTHORIZED APPROPRIATIONS
                                                                (IN THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                Appropriations in
                             Program                                Last year of     Authorization level in       last year of       Appropriations  in
                                                                    authorization    year of authorizations       authorization           this bill
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Department of Commerce:
   International Trade Commission:
     Operations and Administration:
       Export Promotion Activities..............................              1996               Such sums               264,885                     *
   Bureau of Industry and Security:
     Operations and Administration..............................              1994               Such sums                34,747               127,652
   Economic Development Administration:
     Salaries and Expenses......................................              2008               Such sums                30,832                41,650
     Economic Development Assistance Programs...................  ................                 Various    ....................             498,350
       Public Works and Economic Development Act Programs.......              2008                 500,000               349,100              (396,350)
   Minority Business Development Agency:
     Minority Business Development..............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                44,000
   Economics and Statistics Administration:
     Salaries and Expenses......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               107,990
   National Telecommunications and Information Administration:
     Salaries and Expenses......................................              1993                  17,900                18,493                42,441
   National Institute of Standards and Technology:
     Scientific and Technical Research and Services.............              2013                 676,700               609,514               751,000
     Industrial technology services.............................              2013                 241,709               140,316               169,172
       Manufacturing extension partnerships.....................              2013                (165,100)             (126,088)             (154,000)
     Construction of research facilities........................              2013                 121,300                58,874               120,000
   National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration:
     Operations, Research and Facilities:
       National Ocean Service...................................              1993                 121,183               150,864               642,000
         Integrated Ocean Observing System Regional Observations              2013               Such sums              (334,932)              (40,500)
         Coastal Science, Assessment, Response and Restoration..  ................                 Various    ....................             (84,500)
         Competitive External Research..........................  ................                 Various    ....................             (20,000)
         Coastal Zone Management and Services...................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (46,500)
         Coastal Zone Management Grants.........................              1999                 (50,500)              (52,700)              (81,000)
         Title IX Fund..........................................              2019               Such sums               (30,000)              (60,000)
         Coral Reef Program.....................................              2004                 (16,000)              (26,100)              (33,000)
         Sanctuaries and Marine Protected Areas.................              2005                 (40,000)              (58,750)              (56,500)
         National Estuarine Research Reserve System.............              1999                  (4,600)               (4,300)              (29,000)
       National Marine Fisheries Services.......................  ................  ........................  ....................             944,650
         Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles and Other Species..........  ................  ........................  ....................            (124,000)
         Species Recoveries Grants..............................              1992                                              (7,500)
         Atlantic Salmon........................................              1992                                              (6,500)
         Pacific Salmon.........................................              1992                                             (66,420)
         2018 Recertification of the Pacific Salmon Treaty......               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (30,000)
         Fisheries and Ecosystem Science Programs and Services..  ................                 Various    ....................            (150,000)
         Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and Assessments....  ................                 Various    ....................            (171,000)
         Observers and Training.................................  ................                 Various    ....................             (45,100)
         Fisheries Management Programs and Services.............  ................                 Various    ....................            (124,000)
         Salmon Management Activities...........................  ................                 Various    ....................             (37,000)
         Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions............  ................                 Various    ....................             (41,500)
         Interjurisdictional Fisheries Grants...................              2012                   3,400                 1,157                (3,500)
         Enforcement............................................  ................                 Various    ....................             (73,500)
         Habitat Conservation and Restoration...................  ................                 Various    ....................             (61,625)
       Oceanic and Atmospheric Research.........................              1993               1,589,081               202,172
         Climate Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes........              1993                (109,877)              (79,948)              (73,000)
         Regional Climate Data and Information..................  ................                 Various    ....................             (41,500)
         Climate Competitive Research...........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (71,000)
         Ocean and Coastal Laboratories and Cooperative           ................                 Various    ....................             (35,345)
         Institutes.............................................
         National Sea Grant College Program.....................              2014                               (62,800)              (73,000)
         Marine Aquaculture Program.............................              2014                                (4,500)              (12,000)
         Ocean Exploration and Research.........................              2015                 (59,436)              (28,000)              (44,000)
         Integrated Ocean Acidification.........................              2012                 (20,000)               (6,359)              (20,000)
         Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (48,500)
         High Performance Computing Initiatives.................              1996                  (4,500)                6,500)              (22,235)
       National Weather Service.................................              1993                 395,822                            
         Observations...........................................  ................                 Various    ....................            (230,770)
         Central Processing.....................................              1993                                         (99.797)
         Analyze, Forecast and Support..........................  ................                 Various    ....................            (546,300)
         Dissemination..........................................              1993                                         (75,482)
         Science and Technology Integration.....................  ................                 Various    ....................            (147,200)
       National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information     ................  ........................  ....................             281,790
       Service
         Office of Satellite and Production Operations..........              1993                                            (186,790)
         Product Development, Readiness and Application.........              1993                                             (28,500)
         Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs...........               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (1,800)
         Office of Space Commerce...............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (1,800)
         Group on Earth Observations............................              1993                     n/a                   n/a                  (500)
        National Centers for Environmental Information..........              1993                  39,596                32,646               (62,400)
      Mission Support:
        Mission Support Services................................              1993                  75,750                71,433               260,166
        NOAA Office of Education................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                34,500
      Office of Marine and Aviation Operations:
        Marine Operations and Maintenance.......................              1993                  68,518                61,222               195,547
        Aviation Operations.....................................              1993                  10,336                 9,872                37,250
        Unmanned Systems Operations.............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                15,062
    Procurement, Acquisition and Construction:
      National Ocean Service:
        National Estuarine Research Reserve Construction........               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 3,000
        Marine Sanctuaries Construction.........................              2005                   6,000                10,000                 5,000
      Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research:
        Research Supercomputing/CCRI............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                49,000
      National Weather Service:
        Observations............................................              1993                                84,516                21,129
        Central Processing......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                67,000
        Dissemination...........................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                10,000
        Weather Forecast Office Construction....................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                15,000
      National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information
       Service:
        GOES-R..................................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               304,056
        Space Weather Follow-on.................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                38,600
        Polar Weather Satellites................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               755,038
        CDARS...................................................              1993                   2,300                   n/a                14,850
        Low Earth Orbit.........................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                33,202
        Geostationary Earth Orbit...............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                25,219
        System Architecture and Advanced Planning...............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                44,822
        Satellite CDA Facility..................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 2,450
      Mission Support:
        NOAA Construction.......................................              1993                  94,500                64,500                21,000
      Office of Marine and Aviation Operations:
        Fleet Capital Improvements and Technology Infusion......               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                24,634
    Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery.............................              2009                  90,000                80,000                65,000
    Fishermen's Contingency Fund................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                   349
    Fisheries Disaster Assistance...............................              2013               Such sums                 5,000                15,000
    Fisheries Finance Program Account...........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                -8,000
  Departmental Management:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                50,000
    Renovation and Modernization................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 1,100
    Office of Inspector General.................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                35,043
Department of Justice:
  General Administration:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009                 181,561               105,805               114,740
    Justice Information Sharing Technology......................              2009                 204,152                80,000                33,875
    Executive Office for Immigration Review.....................         para.2009                     n/a                   n/a               672,966
    Office of Inspector General.................................              2009                  81,922                80,681               105,500
  United States Parole Commission:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009                  12,711                12,570                12,672
  Legal Activities:
    Salaries and Expenses, General Legal Activities.............              2009                 764,526               805,655               934,600
    Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust Division...................              2009                 162,488               157,788               166,755
    Salaries and Expenses, United States Attorneys..............              2009               1,829,194             1,851,336             2,329,800
    Salaries and Expenses, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.              2009                   1,429                 1,823                 2,335
    Fee and Expenses of Witnesses...............................              2009                 203,755               168,300               270,000
    Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations Service..........              2009                  10,977                 9,873                17,000
    Assets Forfeiture Fund (discretionary)......................              2009                  22,000                20,990                20,514
  United States Marshals Service................................              2009                 900,178               954,000             3,252,061
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................  ................                   Sec.               (960,000)           (1,444,600)
    Construction................................................  ................                   Sec.                 (4,000)              (15,000)
    Federal Prison Detention#...................................              2009               1,858,509             1,355,319            (1,792,461)
  National Security Division:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               109,585
  Interagency Law Enforcement:
    Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement......................              2009                 744,593               515,000               570,000
  Federal Bureau of Investigation...............................              2009               6,480,608             7,301,191             9,507,823
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................  ................                   Sec.             (7,182,700)           (9,455,928)
    Construction................................................  ................                   Sec.               (153,491)              (51,895)
  Drug Enforcement Administration:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009               1,930,462             1,959,084             2,356,858
  Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009               1,038,939             1,078,215             1,439,000
  Federal Prison System.........................................              2009               5,698,292             6,171,561             7,475,000
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................  ................                   Sec.             (5,600,792)           (7,325,000)
    Building and Facilities.....................................  ................                   Sec.               (575,807)             (150,000)
  Office on Violence Against Women:
    Violence Against Women Prevention and Prosecution Programs:
      STOP Grants...............................................              2018                 215,000               215,000               222,000
      Transitional Housing Assistance...........................              2018                  35,000                35,000                41,000
      Research and Evaluation on Violence against Women.........               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 3,000
      Consolidated Youth-oriented Program.......................  ................                 Various    ....................              20,000
        Engaging Men and Youth in Prevention....................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a      
        Grants to Assist Children and Youth Exposed to Violence.               n/a                     n/a                   n/a      
        Supporting Teens Through Education Program..............              2011                   5,000                    **      
        Services to Advocate and Respond to Youth...............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a      
      Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies.......................              2018                  53,000                53,000                62,000
        Homicide Reduction Initiative...........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (4,000)
      Sexual Assault Victims Services...........................              2018                  40,000                35,000                50,000
      Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement.......              2018                  50,000                40,000                50,000
      Violence on College Campuses..............................              2018                  12,000                20,000                26,000
      Civil Legal Assistance....................................              2018                  57,000                45,000                57,000
      Elder Abuse Grant Program.................................              2018                   9,000                 5,000                 9,000
      Family Civil Justice......................................  ................                 Various    ....................              22,000
        Court Training and Improvements Program.................              2011                   5,000                    **
        Safe Havens Program.....................................              2011                   5,000                    **
      Education and Training for Disabled Female Victims........              2018                   9,000                 6,000                 9,000
      National Resource Center on Workplace Responses...........              2018                   1,000                   500                 1,000
      Research on Violence Against Indian Women.................              2015                   1,000                   940                 1,000
      Indian Country--Sexual Assault Clearinghouse..............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 1,000
      Tribal Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction....              2018                     n/a                   n/a                 5,000
      Rape Survivor Child Custody Act...........................              2019                   5,000                 1,500                 3,500
  Office on Justice Programs:
    Research Evaluation and Statistics:
      Bureau of Justice Statistics..............................              1995                  33,000                32,335                43,000
        NCS-X Implementation Program............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (5,000)
      National Institute of Justice.............................              1995                  33,000                58,879                37,000
        Domestic Radicalization Research........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (5,000)
    State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance:
      Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants..................              2012               1,095,000               470,000               530,250
        Officer Robert Wilson III VALOR Initiative..............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (15,000)
        Smart Policing..........................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (7,500)
        Smart Prosecution.......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (10,000)
        Juvenile Indigent Defense...............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (4,000)
        Convention Security.....................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a              (100,000)
        NamUS...................................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (3,600)
        Training Program to Improve Responses to People with                   n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (2,500)
         Mental Illness.........................................
        John R. Justice Grant Program...........................              2014               Such sums    ....................              (2,000)
        Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution..................              2010                  40,000                15,000               (15,500)
        Emergency Federal Law Enforcement Assistance............              2016                  20,000                   n/a                (2,000)
        Managed Access..........................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (2,000)
        Regional Law Enforcement Training Initiative............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (3,000)
      State Criminal Alien Assistance Program...................              2011                 950,000                   n/a               260,000
      Adam Walsh Act Implementation.............................              2009               Such sums                18,000                20,000
      National Sex Offender Public Website......................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 1,000
      Community Teams to Reduce the Sexual Assault Kit (SAK)                   n/a                     n/a                   n/a                49,000
       Backlog..................................................
      CASA-Special Advocates....................................              2018                  12,000                12,000                12,000
      Community Trust Initiative................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                60,000
        Body-worn Camera Partnership............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (25,000)
        Justice Reinvestment Initiative.........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (35,000)
      Immigration Representation Pilot..........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                10,000
        Community Policing Development/Training and Technical                  n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (10,000)
         Assistance.............................................
        POLICE Act..............................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (20,000)
    Juvenile Justice Programs:
      Youth Mentoring Grants....................................              2007               Such sums            Sec. Sec.                100,000
      Juvenile Accountability Block Grant:
      Missing and Exploited Children Programs...................              2018                 Various                84,000
        Missing and Exploited Children grants...................  ................                       *                     *                     *
      Training for Judicial Personnel...........................              2018                   2,300                 2,000                 2,000
    Community Oriented Policing Services:
      COPS Hiring Grants........................................              2009               1,047,117             1,000,000               239,750
        Regional information sharing activities.................              2003                 100,000                29,000               (38,000)
        Tribal Access Program...................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (3,000)
        Community Policing Development/Training and Technical                  n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (6,500)
         Assistance.............................................
      POLICE Act................................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                12,000
      Anti-Methamphetamine Task Forces..........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 8,000
      Anti-Heroin Task Forces...................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                32,000
Science:
  National Aeronautics and Space Administration:
    Science.....................................................              2017               5,500,000             5,764,900             7,161,300
    Aeronautics.................................................              2017                 640,000               660,000               700,000
    Space Technology............................................              2017                 686,000               686,500             1,291,600
    Exploration.................................................              2017               4,330,000             4,324,000             5,129,900
    Space Operations............................................              2017               5,023,000             4,950,700             4,285,700
    Education...................................................              2017                 115,000               100,000               123,000
    Safety, Security and Mission Services.......................              2017               2,788,600             2,768,600             3,084,600
    Construction and Environmental Compliance and Remediation...              2017                 388,000               360,700               497,200
    Office of Inspector General.................................              2017                  37,400                37,900                41,700
  National Science Foundation:
    Research and Related Activities.............................              2013               6,637,879             5,983,280    para.para.7,106,301
    Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction........              2013                 236,764               196,170               223,230
    Education and Human Resources...............................              2013               1,041,762               895,610               950,000
    Agency Operations and Award Management......................              2013                 363,670               299,400               336,890
    Office of the National Science Board........................              2013                   4,906                 4,440                 4,370
    Office of Inspector General.................................              2013                  15,049                14,200                15,350
Related Agencies:
  Commission on Civil Rights:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              1995                   9,500                 8,904                10,500
  International Trade Commission:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2004                  57,240                58,925               101,000
  Legal Services Corporation:
    Payment to the Legal Services Corporation...................              1980                 205,000               300,000               550,000
  Marine Mammal Commission:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              1999                   1,750                 1,240                 3,616
  Office of the U.S. Trade Representative:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2004                  33,108                41,552                57,000
  State Justice Institute:
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2008                   7,000                 3,760                 6,555
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*The recommendation does not provide a specific amount for this program.
Authorization provides a single amount for activities spread across multiple NOAA Control Table lines.
The National Integrated Drought Information System Reauthorization Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-423) authorized Weather and Air Chemistry Research
  Programs. Other programs are unauthorized.
The last time the NWS was comprehensively authorized was 1993. Though specific programs, like the Tsunami Warning and Education Program, are
  currently authorized the recommendation does not provide a specific amount for those programs.
para.The authorization authorizes funding for the ``Administrative Review and Appeals'' account, which encompassed the activities of the Executive
  Office for Immigration Review and the Office of Pardon Attorney. The recommendation separates these into different accounts.
Sec. Authorization does not provide amounts for specific accounts within this agency.
#This was formerly the ``General Administration, Detention Trustee'' account.
**The authorization for this program expired in FY 2011. Since the government was funded by a full-year continuing resolution, the Committee did not
  provide a specific appropriation for this program.
These programs have been combined into the Consolidated Youth-oriented Program.
Sec. Sec. The authorization for this program expired in FY 2007. Since the government was funded by a full-year continuing resolution, the Committee did
  not provide a specific appropriation for this program.
para.para.Within the Research and Related Activities account, funding for Dyslexia and windstorm research are authorized.

                 Comparison With the Budget Resolution

    Section 308(a)(1)(A) of the Congressional Budget Act 
requires the report accompanying a bill providing new budget 
authority to contain a statement comparing the levels in the 
bill to the suballocations submitted under section 302(b) of 
the Act for the most recently agreed to concurrent resolution 
on the budget for the applicable fiscal year.

                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         302(b) Allocation                   This Bill
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Budget                          Budget
                                                     Authority        Outlays        Authority        Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee
 allocations to its subcommittees: Subcommittee
 on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related
 Agencies:
    Discretionary...............................          66,395          72,000          73,895       \1\76,399
    Mandatory...................................             336             329             336          \1\329
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
NOTE.--Consistent with the funding recommended in the bill for the 2020 Census, in accordance with section 1(g)
  of House Resolution 293 of the 116th Congress, and after the bill is reported to the House, the Chairman of
  the Committee on the Budget will provide a revised section 302(a) allocation reflecting an additional
  $7,500,000,000 in discretionary budget authority and $5,400,000,000 in outlays. That new allocation will
  eliminate the technical difference prior to Floor consideration.

                      Five-Year Outlay Projections

    In compliance with section 308(a)(1)(B) of the 
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 
(Public Law 93-344), as amended, the following table contains 
five-year projections associated with the budget authority 
provided in the accompanying bill:

                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                      Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Projection of outlays associated with the recommendation:
    2020.................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........      \1\ 50,080
    2021.................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........          18,055
    2022.................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........           5,671
    2023.................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........           2,640
    2024 and future years................................  ...........  ...........  ...........           3,457
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

               Assistance to State and Local Governments

    In accordance with section 308(a)(1)(C) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, as amended, the Congressional 
Budget Office has provided the following estimates of new 
budget authority and outlays provided by the accompanying bill 
for financial assistance to State and local governments:

                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Budget
                                             Authority        Outlays
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Financial assistance to State and local           -2,832           \1\84
 governments for 2020...................
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

                          Program Duplication

    No provision of this bill establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                           Committee Hearings

    For the purposes of section 103(i) of H. Res. 6 of the 
116th Congress--
    The following hearings were used to develop or consider the 
Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 2020:
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held an oversight hearing on February 26, 2019, 
entitled ``Understanding the Changing Climate System and the 
Role of Climate Research.'' The Subcommittee received testimony 
from:
    Dr. Michael Freilich, Director of NASA's Earth Science 
Division; and
    Dr. Neil Jacobs, Assistant Secretary of Commerce for 
Environmental Observation and Prediction.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on March 7, 2019, entitled 
``Executive Office for Immigration Review.'' The Subcommittee 
received testimony from:
    James McHenry, Executive Office for Immigration Review.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held an oversight hearing on March 12, 2019, entitled 
``Department of Justice Civil Rights Division.'' The 
Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Eric Dreiband, Assistant Attorney General for the Civil 
Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held an oversight hearing on March 13, 2019, entitled 
``Gun Violence Prevention and Enforcement.'' The Subcommittee 
received testimony from:
    Thomas E. Brandon, Deputy Director, Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives; and
    Christine Halvorsen, Acting Assistant Director for Criminal 
Justice Information Services, Federal Bureau of Investigation.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on March 26, 2019, entitled 
``National Science Foundation's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 
2020.'' The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Dr. France A. Cordova, Director, National Science 
Foundation.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on March 26, 2019 entitled 
``Member Day Hearing.'' The Subcommittee received testimony 
from:
    The Honorable Mo Brooks, Member of Congress;
    The Honorable Debra A. Haaland, Member of Congress;
    The Honorable Sheila Jackson Lee, Member of Congress;
    The Honorable Hakeem S. Jeffries, Member of Congress;
    The Honorable Bill Posey, Member of Congress; and
    The Honorable Peter J. Visclosky, Member of Congress.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on March 27, 2019, entitled 
``The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Budget 
Request for Fiscal Year 2020.'' The Subcommittee received 
testimony from:
    Dr. Neil Jacobs, Acting Administrator, National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on March 27, 2019, entitled 
``NASA's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 2020.'' The 
Subcommittee received testimony from:
    James Bridenstine, Administrator, National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on April 4, 2019, entitled 
``Federal Bureau of Investigation Budget Request for FY 2020.'' 
The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Christopher Wray, Director, Federal Bureau of 
Investigation.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on April 9, 2019, entitled 
``Department of Justice Budget Request for Fiscal Year 2020.'' 
The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    William P. Barr, Attorney General of the United States; and 
Lee J. Lofthus, Assistant Attorney General for Administration.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held an oversight hearing on April 30, 2019, entitled 
``Oversight Hearing: 2020 Census Preparation.'' The 
Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Dr. Steven Dillingham, Director, U.S. Census Bureau.
    Robert Goldenkoff, Director of Strategic Issues, Government 
Accountability Office.
    Nicholas Marinos, Director, Information Technology and 
Cybersecurity, Government Accountability Office.

      Comparative Statement of New Budget (Obligational) Authority

    The following table provides a detailed summary, for each 
department and agency, comparing the amounts recommended in the 
bill with fiscal year 2019 enacted amounts and budget estimates 
presented for fiscal year 2020:



                             MINORITY VIEWS

    We appreciate the efforts of the Majority in producing a 
Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies (CJS) 
Appropriations bill that addresses priorities of Members on 
both sides of the aisle. We also want to thank Chairman Serrano 
and his staff for their diligent efforts to incorporate many of 
our Members' proposed bill modifications into his Manager's 
Amendment. This bill is a testament to the commitment the 
Chairman made to work together with the Minority.
    We are also pleased that the bill funds NASA at levels 
necessary to work toward completion of the Space Launch System 
and the Exploration Upper Stage, and provides strong funding to 
continue developing deep space exploration technologies, like 
nuclear thermal propulsion. The bill's investment in nuclear 
thermal propulsion is critical as NASA works toward the design 
of a flight demonstration by 2024.
    The bill also includes the funding needed for the critical 
missions of our Federal law enforcement components, as well as 
the agencies that ensure compliance with our trade laws and 
agreements. In addition, it provides valuable resources for our 
law enforcement entities back home, by helping to eliminate the 
sexual assault kit backlog and supporting critical drug court 
programs and other vital initiatives that address the opioid 
epidemic.
    Still, we have many unaddressed concerns with this bill. 
The bill does not provide the resources for NASA necessary to 
achieve the Administration's goal of establishing a permanent, 
U.S. human presence on and around the Moon within the next 
decade.
    The bill also contravenes existing law by funding lawyers 
for aliens arriving at our Southern border. Current immigration 
law affirms an alien's right to counsel, but only at no expense 
to taxpayers.
    It also eliminates several long-standing Second Amendment 
protections that have enjoyed historical, bipartisan support. 
The elimination of freedoms that are not even associated with 
the criminal misuse of firearms is unfortunately an all-too-
predictable outgrowth of an unabashed gun control agenda with 
no basis in the science of criminal justice.
    We are also disappointed to see language that ties the 
hands of the Administration. For example, the bill restricts 
the ability of the Secretary of Commerce to reorganize agencies 
and transfer and reprogram funds. These changes will hinder the 
Secretary's ability to improve operational efficiencies and 
respond quickly to changing resource needs, including with 
respect to the 2020 Census.
    Additionally, the bill prohibits the incorporation of case 
completion benchmarks as one metric of the Executive Office for 
Immigration Review (EOIR)'s multidimensional performance review 
of its immigration judges. As the Director of EOIR has noted, 
``using metrics to evaluate performance is neither novel nor 
unique to EOIR.'' It is an understatement to say that EOIR's 
pending caseload--888,000 and growing--is a matter of concern 
to the Minority. The net effect of EOIR's untenable backlog is 
to delay due process, not to mention justice--in many cases for 
years--for those who have a valid claim to immigration 
benefits.
    A final area of concern is the funding level in the absence 
of any topline budget agreement that begins to tackle our 
national debt. In addition to a $7,500,000,000 adjustment for 
the 2020 Census, this bill is $2,300,000,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 enacted level. No doubt there are critical programs 
in this bill deserving of strong Congressional support, but 
that sentiment in no way negates the need for an over-arching 
plan for fiscal responsibility. The House Democrats' budget 
framework would raise the discretionary spending caps by more 
than $350,000,000,000 in fiscal years 2020 and 2021 and does 
not reflect a House-passed budget resolution or a bipartisan, 
bicameral agreement. This would put the Federal government on 
track to add to the national debt, which is already above 
$22,000,000,000,000 and rising. We fear this is setting us up 
for a scenario that could end in a year-long continuing 
resolution at best--or another protracted government shutdown 
at worst.
    We do pledge to work with the Majority in good faith as we 
proceed through the legislative process. Working together, we 
have passed this bill through the Congress and avoided a year-
long continuing resolution for the past four years. It is our 
sincere hope we can do so again this year.

                                   Kay Granger.
                                   Robert Aderholt.