Report text available as:

  • TXT
  • PDF   (PDF provides a complete and accurate display of this text.) Tip ?

116th Congress    }                                   {        Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                   {       116-140

======================================================================



 
         SUPPORTING AND TREATING OFFICERS IN CRISIS ACT OF 2019

                                _______
                                

  July 9, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

    Mr. Nadler, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 2368]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 2368) to amend the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 to expand support for police officer family 
services, stress reduction, and suicide prevention, and for 
other purposes, having considered the same, report favorably 
thereon without amendment and recommend that the bill do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Purpose and Summary..............................................     1
Background and Need for the Legislation..........................     2
Hearings.........................................................     3
Committee Consideration..........................................     3
Committee Votes..................................................     3
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     3
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures........................     3
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................     3
Duplication of Federal Programs..................................     5
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................     5
Advisory on Earmarks.............................................     5
Section-by-Section Analysis......................................     5
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............     6

                          Purpose and Summary

    H.R. 2368, the ``Supporting and Treating Officers in Crisis 
Act of 2019,'' would modify an existing, but expired, 
authorization that provided support to law enforcement 
officers' (LEO) families to add mental health and suicide 
prevention programs directed at LEOs. The proposed bill would 
also reauthorize the family support provisions and would 
appropriate up to $7,500,000 per fiscal year, from 2020 to 
2024, to carry out both family and LEO mental health programs.

                Background and Need for the Legislation


                               BACKGROUND

    The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 
1994\1\ authorized the Attorney General to create a grant 
program that provided family support services to LEOs.\2\ From 
1996 to 2000, the program, which required a dollar-for-dollar 
match from the grant recipient, provided grant recipients funds 
and technical support to establish and expand mental health 
services for LEOs and their families.\3\ Congress last 
appropriated $7,500,000 for the program in 2000,\4\ and the 
Department of Justice (DOJ) last awarded funding for the 
program in 2005.\5\ In 2017, Congress passed the Law 
Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness Act of 2017,\6\ which 
required the DOJ to publish reports of the Department's officer 
mental health efforts and established a pilot peer-to-peer 
mentoring grant program for LEOs. H.R. 2368 expands upon the 
Law Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness Act by authorizing 
grant funding to provide direct mental health services to LEOs.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Pub. L. No. 103-322, 108 Stat. 1796 (1994).
    \2\Id.
    \3\34 U.S. Code Sec. 10493(b)((b)(1))(1) (2019) (``Counseling for 
law enforcement family members), (4) (``Stress reduction programs).
    \4\NOT SURE IF THIS CITE IS CORRECT: Pub. L. No. 103-322. (it's the 
Violent Crime Control & Law Enforcement Act of 1994).
    \5\34 U.S.C. Sec. 10495(b) (2019) (authorizing grants under this 
program for up to five years).
    \6\Pub. L. No. 115-113; 131 Stat. 2276 (2018).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        NEED FOR THE LEGISLATION

    Studies consistently show that LEOs have above-average 
stress levels in their jobs.\7\ Among the top stress-inducing 
events that LEOs report regularly facing are:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\Vincent B. Van Hasselt et al., The Law Enforcement Officer 
Stress Survey: Evaluation of Psychometric Properties, Behavior 
Modification, vol. 32, no. 1 (Jan. 2008), http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/
viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.589.8492&rep=rep1&type=pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Dealing with family disputes and crisis 
        situations (83%);
           Responding to felonies in progress (80%);
           Dealing with insufficient department support 
        for their mission (77%);
           Situations requiring the use of force (59%);
           Exposure to dead or battered children (27%); 
        and
           Being physically attacked (23%).\8\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \8\ John M. Violanti et al., Highly Rated & Most Frequent Stressors 
Among Police Officers: Gender Differences, Am. J. of Crim. Just., tab. 
2 (Dec. 2016), https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5330309.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Physical manifestations of stress pervade the LEO 
community. One study estimated that between 25% and 30% of 
police officers have stress-based physical health problems, 
most notably high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, and 
gastrointestinal disorders.\9\ Given the high exposure to 
stressful events, it follows that the mental health 
consequences for LEOs are pervasive. A study of Ohio police 
officers found that 7% of officers sampled met the criteria for 
post-traumatic stress disorder.\10\ Exposure to stressful 
events leads to a greater instance of adverse outcomes for LEOs 
than the general population. The Centers for Disease Control 
concluded that the rate of suicides among workers in protective 
services, those that are employed in law enforcement and 
firefighting, is 50% higher than the national average.\11\ In 
recent years, more LEOs have died from suicide than in the line 
of duty. According to Blue H.E.L.P., an advocacy organization 
that works to reduce mental health stigma in the law 
enforcement community, 167 LEOs committed suicide in 2018, 
compared to 169 suicides in 2017 and 142 suicides in 2016.\12\ 
By comparison, 144 LEOs died in the line of duty, from 
homicides, traffic accidents, and other causes in 2018.\13\ 
H.R. 2368 would help address these serious issues.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \9\Darrien R. Bush & Phillip Neely, Stress Recognition In Law 
Enforcement Organizations, Am. J. of Health Sci. vol 6, no. 1 (June 
2015), https://clutejournals.com/index.php/AJHS/article/download/9292/
9299.
    \10\Ingrid Carlier et al., Risk Factors for Posttraumatic Stress 
Symptomatology in Police Officers: A Prospective Analysis, J. of 
Nervous & Mental Disease, vol. 185, issue 8 (Aug. 1997), https://
journals.lww.com/jonmd/Abstract/1997/08000/
Risk_Factors_for_Posttraumatic_Stress. 4.aspx.
    \11\ Cora Peterson et al, Suicide Rates by Occupational Group--17 
States, 2012 and 2015, Ctr. for Disease Control & Prevention, Morbidity 
& Mortality Wkly. Rep. (Nov. 16, 2018), https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/
volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm?s_cid=mm6745a1_w.
    \12\BLUE H.E.L.P., https://bluehelp.org/ (last visited June 15, 
2019).
    \13\Doug Stanglin, 144 Police Officers Died in the Line of Duty in 
2018, Reversing a One-Year Decline, USA TODAY, Dec. 27, 2018, https://
www.usatoday.com/story/news/2018/12/27/
police_deaths_144_killed_line_duty_2018/2423797002/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                Hearings

    No legislative hearings were held on H.R. 2368.

                        Committee Consideration

    On June 12, 2019, the Committee met in open session and 
ordered the bill, H.R. 2368, favorably reported, without 
amendment, by voice vote, a quorum being present.

                            Committee Votes

    In compliance with clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that no 
rollcall votes occurred during the Committee's consideration of 
H.R. 2368. The bill passed by unanimous voice vote.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that the 
findings and recommendations of the Committee, based on 
oversight activities under clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, are incorporated in the 
descriptive portions of this report.

               New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures

    Clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives is inapplicable because this legislation does 
not provide new budgetary authority or increased tax 
expenditures.

               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee sets forth, with 
respect to the bill, H.R. 2368, the following estimate and 
comparison prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                     Washington, DC, June 26, 2019.
Hon. Jerrold Nadler,
Chairman, Committee on the Judiciary,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 2368, the 
Supporting and Treating Officers in Crisis Act of 2019.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Mark 
Grabowicz.
            Sincerely,
                                             Mark P. Hadley
                                 (For Phillip L. Swagel, Director).
Enclosure.

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]


    H.R. 2368 would authorize the appropriation of $7.5 million 
annually over the 2020-2024 period for Department of Justice to 
make grants to state and local law enforcement agencies and 
other organizations to provide family support services to law 
enforcement personnel. Assuming appropriation of the authorized 
amounts, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost 
about $25 million over the 2020-2024 period and $13 million 
after 2024. Estimated outlays are based on historical spending 
patterns for similar programs.
    The costs of the legislation (detailed in Table 1) fall 
within budget function 750 (administration of justice).

                       TABLE 1.--ESTIMATED INCREASES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 By fiscal year, millions of dollars--
                                                      ----------------------------------------------------------
                                                        2019    2020    2021    2022    2023    2024   2019-2024
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Authorization........................................       0       8       8       8       8       8        38
Estimated Outlays....................................       0       2       4       5       7       8        25
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Details may not sum to totals because of rounding.

    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Mark Grabowicz. 
The estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    No provision of H.R. 2368 establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the federal government known to be duplicative of 
another federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    The Committee states that pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, H.R. 
2368 would expand the type and scope of mental health services 
recipients of the grant program are able to provide to law 
enforcement officers and their families. The STOIC Act seeks to 
specifically expand funding that buttresses grantee suicide 
prevention efforts.

                          Advisory on Earmarks

    In accordance with clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, H.R. 2368 does not contain any 
congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff 
benefits as defined in clause 9(d), 9(e), or 9(f) of rule XXI.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis

    The following discussion describes the bill as reported by 
the Committee.
    Sec 1. Short Title. Section 1 sets forth the short title of 
the bill as the ``Supporting and Treating Officers In Crisis 
Act of 2019.''
    Sec 2. Expanding Support for Police Officer Family 
Services, Stress Reduction, and Suicide Prevention. Section 2 
renames the subsection from ``Family Support'' to ``Support for 
Law Enforcement Officers and Families.'' It requires the 
Attorney General to provide technical assistance and training 
programs to state and local law enforcement agencies so that 
they may develop psychological services and suicide prevention 
programs, in addition to the stress reduction and family 
support programs previously authorized. This section expands 
the general authorization of the family support grant program 
to include mental health services.
    Additionally, section 2 adds a number of options for grant 
recipients to choose from when providing services. Under the 
expired program, the grant conditions required that recipients 
choose from various services to provide LEO family support. 
This section proposes additions to the list to include 
counseling for law enforcement officers and their family 
members and evidence-based programs to reduce stress, prevent 
suicide, and promote mental health. The proposed changes add 
mental health and suicide prevention hotlines, counseling for 
injured or permanently disabled LEOs who were injured in the 
line of duty, and specialized training for responding to 
officer mental health crises and suicide. This section also 
expands the optional program offering involving human 
immunodeficiency virus to cover counseling for all infectious 
diseases.
    Sec 3. Reauthorizing Grant Programs for Supporting Law 
Enforcement Officers and Families. Section 3 authorizes funding 
of up to $7,500,000 for each fiscal year from 2020 through 
2024.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, H.R. 2368, as reported, are shown as follows 
(existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets, new matter is printed in italic, existing law in 
which no changes are proposed is shown in roman):

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

           OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT OF 1968



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE I--JUSTICE SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                            Part J--Funding

                    authorization of appropriations

  Sec. 1001. (a)(1) There is authorized to be appropriated 
$30,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and $33,000,000 for each of 
the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to carry out the functions of 
the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  (2) There is authorized to be appropriated $30,000,000 for 
fiscal year 1992 and $33,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 
1994 and 1995 to carry out the functions of the National 
Institute of Justice.
  (3) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may 
be necessary for fiscal year 1992 and $28,000,000 for each of 
the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to carry out the remaining 
functions of the Office of Justice Programs and the Bureau of 
Justice Assistance other than functions under parts D, E, F, G, 
L, M, N, O, P, Q, or R or EE.
  (4) There are authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal 
year such sums as may be necessary to carry out part L of this 
title.
  (5) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may 
be necessary for fiscal year 1992 and $1,000,000,000 for each 
of the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to carry out the programs 
under parts D and E (other than chapter B of subpart 2) (other 
than chapter B of subpart 2 of part E) of this title.
  (6) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may 
be necessary for fiscal year 1992, $245,000,000 for fiscal year 
1993, and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1994 
and 1995 to carry out chapter B of subpart 2 of part E of this 
title.
  (7) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out part 
N $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2005.
  (8) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may 
be necessary for fiscal year 1992, $16,500,000 for fiscal year 
1993, and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1994 
and 1995.
  (9) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part 
O--
          (A) $24,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (B) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          (C) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          (D) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          (E) $66,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.
  (10) There are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for 
each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, and 1996 to carry out 
projects under part P.
  (11)(A) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part Q, to remain available until expended $1,047,119,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2006 through 2009.
  (B) Of funds available under part Q in any fiscal year, up to 
3 percent may be used for technical assistance under section 
1701(d) or for evaluations or studies carried out or 
commissioned by the Attorney General in furtherance of the 
purposes of part Q. Of the remaining funds, 50 percent shall be 
allocated for grants pursuant to applications submitted by 
units of local government or law enforcement agencies having 
jurisdiction over areas with populations exceeding 150,000 or 
by public and private entities that serve areas with 
populations exceeding 150,000, and 50 percent shall be 
allocated for grants pursuant to applications submitted by 
units of local government or law enforcement agencies having 
jurisdiction over areas with populations 150,000 or less or by 
public and private entities that serve areas with populations 
150,000 or less. In view of the extraordinary need for law 
enforcement assistance in Indian country, an appropriate amount 
of funds available under part Q shall be made available for 
grants to Indian tribal governments or tribal law enforcement 
agencies.
  (16) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
projects under part R--
          (A) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (B) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          (C) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          (D) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          (E) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.
  (17) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the 
projects under part S--
          (A) $27,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (B) $36,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          (C) $63,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          (D) $72,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          (E) $72,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.
  (18) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out part 
T $222,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
  (19) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out part 
U $73,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018. Funds 
appropriated under this paragraph shall remain available until 
expended.
  (20) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part V, $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2004.
  [(21) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part W--
          [(1) $2,500,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          [(2) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          [(3) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          [(4) $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          [(5) $7,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.]
  (21) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part W, $7,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
  (22) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part X--
          (1) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (2) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          (3) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          (4) $13,500,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          (5) $17,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.
  (23) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out part 
Y, $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2020, and each fiscal year 
thereafter.
  (24) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part BB, to remain available until expended--
          (A) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;
          (B) $85,400,000 for fiscal year 2002;
          (C) $134,733,000 for fiscal year 2003;
          (D) $128,067,000 for fiscal year 2004;
          (E) $56,733,000 for fiscal year 2005;
          (F) $42,067,000 for fiscal year 2006;
          (G) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
          (H) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
          (I) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2009; and
          (J) $13,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
          (K) $18,500,000 for fiscal year 2018;
          (L) $19,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
          (M) $21,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
          (N) $23,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
  (25)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (C), there is 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out part EE $75,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2023.
  (B) The Attorney General shall reserve not less than 1 
percent and not more than 4.5 percent of the sums appropriated 
for this program in each fiscal year for research and 
evaluation of this program.
  (C) No funds made available to carry out part EE shall be 
expended if the Attorney General fails to submit the report 
required to be submitted under section 2401(c) of title II of 
Division B of the 21st Century Department of Justice 
Appropriations Authorization Act.
          (26) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
        out part CC $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 
        and 2010.
          (27) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
        out part LL $103,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 
        and 2018, and $330,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2019 through 2023.
          (28) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
        out section 3031(a)(4) of part NN $5,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022, and 2023.
  (b) Funds appropriated for any fiscal year may remain 
available for obligation until expended.
  (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no funds 
appropriated under this section for part E of this title may be 
transferred or reprogrammed for carrying out any activity which 
is not authorized under such part.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  PART W-- [FAMILY SUPPORT] SUPPORT FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS AND 
                                FAMILIES

SEC. 2301. DUTIES.

   The Attorney General shall--
          (1) establish guidelines and oversee the 
        implementation of family-friendly policies within law 
        enforcement-related offices and divisions in the 
        Department of Justice;
          (2) study the effects of stress on law enforcement 
        personnel and family well-being and disseminate the 
        findings of such studies to Federal, State, and local 
        law enforcement agencies, related organizations, and 
        other interested parties, including any research and 
        reports developed under the Law Enforcement Mental 
        Health and Wellness Act of 2017 (Public Law 115-113; 
        131 Stat. 2276) ;
          (3) identify and evaluate model programs that provide 
        support services to law enforcement personnel and 
        families;
          (4) provide technical assistance and training 
        programs to develop stress reduction, psychological 
        services, suicide prevention, and family support to 
        State and local law enforcement agencies;
          (5) collect and disseminate information regarding 
        family support, stress reduction, and psychological 
        services to Federal, State, and local law enforcement 
        agencies, law enforcement-related organizations, and 
        other interested entities; and
          (6) determine issues to be researched by the 
        Department of Justice and by grant recipients.

SEC. 2302. GENERAL AUTHORIZATION.

  The Attorney General may make grants to States and local law 
enforcement agencies and to organizations representing State or 
local law enforcement personnel to provide family support 
services and mental health services to law enforcement 
personnel.

SEC. 2303. USES OF FUNDS.

  (a) In General.--A State or local law enforcement agency or 
organization that receives a grant under this Act shall use 
amounts provided under the grant to establish or improve 
training and support programs for law enforcement personnel.
  (b) Required Activities.--A law enforcement agency or 
organization that receives funds under this part shall provide 
at least one of the following services:
          (1) Counseling for law enforcement officers and 
        family members.
          (2) Child care on a 24-hour basis.
          (3) Marital and adolescent support groups.
          [(4) Stress reduction programs.]
          (4) Evidence-based programs to reduce stress, prevent 
        suicide, and promote mental health.
          (5) Stress education for law enforcement recruits and 
        families.
          (6) Technical assistance and training programs to 
        support any or all of the services described in 
        paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5).
  (c) Optional Activities.--A law enforcement agency or 
organization that receives funds under this part may provide 
the following services:
          (1) Post-shooting debriefing for officers and their 
        spouses.
          (2) Group therapy.
          (3) Hypertension clinics.
          (4) Critical incident response on a 24-hour basis.
          (5) Law enforcement family crisis, mental health 
        crisis, and suicide prevention telephone services on a 
        24-hour basis.
          (6) Counseling for law enforcement personnel exposed 
        to the [human immunodeficiency virus] infectious 
        disease .
          (7) Counseling for peers.
          (8) Counseling for families of personnel killed, 
        injured, or permanently disabled in the line of duty.
          (9) Seminars regarding alcohol, drug use, gambling, 
        and overeating.
          [(10) Technical assistance and training to support 
        any or all of the services described in paragraphs (1), 
        (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), and (9).]
          (10) Specialized training for identifying, reporting, 
        and responding to officer mental health crises and 
        suicide.
          (11) Technical assistance and training to support any 
        or all of the services described in paragraphs (1) 
        through (10).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                  [all]