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116th Congress    }                                 {    Rept. 116-167
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                 {           Part 1

======================================================================



 
           POST-DISASTER ASSISTANCE ONLINE ACCOUNTABILITY ACT

                                _______
                                

 July 23, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. DeFazio, from the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 1307]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, to whom 
was referred the bill (H.R. 1307) to provide for an online 
repository for certain reporting requirements for recipients of 
Federal disaster assistance, and for other purposes, having 
considered the same, report favorably thereon without amendment 
and recommend that the bill do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Purpose of Legislation...........................................     2
Background and Need for Legislation..............................     2
Hearings.........................................................     2
Legislative History and Consideration............................     2
Committee Votes..................................................     3
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     3
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures........................     3
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................     3
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................     4
Duplication of Federal Programs..................................     4
Congressional Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff 
  Benefits.......................................................     5
Federal Mandates Statement.......................................     5
Preemption Clarification.........................................     5
Advisory Committee Statement.....................................     5
Applicability to Legislative Branch..............................     5
Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation...................     5
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............     6

                         PURPOSE OF LEGISLATION

    The purpose of H.R. 1307, the Post-Disaster Assistance 
Online Accountability Act, is to provide for an online 
repository for certain reporting requirements for recipients of 
Federal disaster assistance.

                  BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION

    Multiple Federal departments and agencies--such as the 
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Small Business 
Administration (SBA), Office of Management and Budget (OMB), 
and Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)--deliver 
and track disaster assistance. Information regarding Federal 
spending and the progress of agency recovery projects is not 
currently available to the public in an accessible format. 
Improving the transparency of data related to the time-
sensitive process of disaster recovery is essential to 
maintaining responsiveness on the part of the Federal 
Government.
    The online spending tracker of the Federal Government--
USASpending.gov--publishes the expenditures and disbursements 
of numerous executive branch programs. Spending and project 
information related to the majority of Federal disaster 
recovery programs are currently conspicuously absent from this 
list.
    H.R. 1307 would establish a centralized online repository 
for the submission of details, updates, and expenditures of 
specific disaster recovery activities by Federal agencies. The 
bill would also make the submitted information publicly 
available through a subpage on USASpending.gov.

                                HEARINGS

    For the purposes of section 103(i) of H. Res. 6 of the 
116th Congress--
    The following hearing was used to develop or consider H.R. 
1307:
    On February 26, 2019, the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure held a hearing entitled, ``Examining How Federal 
Infrastructure Policy Could Help Mitigate and Adapt to Climate 
Change.'' Witnesses included: Dr. Daniel Sperling, Board 
Member, California Air Resources Board; Mr. Ben Prochazka, Vice 
President, Electrification Coalition; Ms. Vicki Arroyo, 
Executive Director, Georgetown Climate Center; Mr. James M. 
Proctor, II, Senior Vice President and General Counsel, McWane, 
Inc., testifying on behalf of the Build Strong Coalition; Mr. 
Kevin DeGood, Director, Infrastructure Policy, Center for 
American Progress; Ms. Lynn Scarlett, Vice President, Policy 
and Government Affairs, The Nature Conservancy; and Dr. Whitley 
J. Saumweber, Director, Stephenson Ocean Security (SOS) 
Project, Center for Strategic and International Studies. Topics 
discussed included impacts of severe weather events and rising 
costs of federal response and recovery operations.

                 LEGISLATIVE HISTORY AND CONSIDERATION

    H.R. 1307 was introduced in the House on February 15, 2019, 
by Mr. Meadows and referred to the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure, and in addition to the Committee on Small 
Business and the Committee on Financial Services. Within the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, H.R. 1307 was 
referred to the Subcommittee on Economic Development, Public 
Buildings, and Emergency Management.
    The Subcommittee on Economic Development, Public Buildings, 
and Emergency Management was discharged from further 
consideration of H.R. 1307 on March 27, 2019.
    The Full Committee met in open session to consider H.R. 
1307 on March 27, 2019, and ordered the measure to be reported 
to the House with a favorable recommendation, without 
amendment, by voice vote with a quorum present.

                            COMMITTEE VOTES

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires each committee report to include the 
total number of votes cast for and against on each record vote 
on a motion to report and on any amendment offered to the 
measure or matter, and the names of those members voting for 
and against.
    There were no recorded votes taken in connection with 
consideration of H.R. 1307.

                      COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(1) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee's oversight findings and recommendations are 
reflected in this report.

               NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY AND TAX EXPENDITURES

    Clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives does not apply where a cost estimate and 
comparison prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974 has been timely submitted prior to the filing of the 
report and is included in the report. Such a cost estimate is 
included in this report.

               CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE COST ESTIMATE

    With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(3) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 
402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee has 
received the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 1307 from the 
Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                      Washington, DC, May 16, 2019.
Hon. Peter A. DeFazio,
Chairman, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 1307, the Post-
Disaster Assistance Online Accountability Act.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Matthew 
Pickford.
            Sincerely,
                                             Mark P. Hadley
                                        (For Keith Hall, Director).
    Enclosure.

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]
    

    H.R. 1307 would require the Office of Management and Budget 
(OMB), to publish information each quarter on federal disaster 
assistance payments on the website www.usaspending.gov.
    The website is an official source of information on 
spending by the federal government. CBO expects that OMB and 
federal agencies would incur some additional administrative 
costs to prepare and post timely reports on disaster assistance 
spending. CBO estimates that work would cost less than $500,000 
annually and would total $1 million over the 2020-2024 period.
    On May 14, 2019, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for H.R. 
1984, the DISASTER Act, as ordered reported by the House 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure on May 8, 2019. 
The bills are similar, but H.R. 1984 would not be effective 
until 2022. That difference is reflected in the cost estimates 
for each bill.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Matthew 
Pickford. The estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, 
Deputy Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

                    PERFORMANCE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

    With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(4) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
performance goal and objective of this legislation is to 
provide for an online repository for certain reporting 
requirements for recipients of Federal disaster assistance.

                    DUPLICATION OF FEDERAL PROGRAMS

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(5) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee finds that no provision 
of H.R. 1307 establishes or reauthorizes a program of the 
federal government known to be duplicative of another federal 
program, a program that was included in any report from the 
Government Accountability Office to Congress pursuant to 
section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program related to a 
program identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal 
Domestic Assistance.

   CONGRESSIONAL EARMARKS, LIMITED TAX BENEFITS, AND LIMITED TARIFF 
                                BENEFITS

    In compliance with clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, this bill, as reported, contains no 
congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff 
benefits as defined in clause 9(e), 9(f), or 9(g) of the Rule 
XXI.

                       FEDERAL MANDATES STATEMENT

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of federal 
mandates prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 423 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform 
Act (Public Law 104-4).

                        PREEMPTION CLARIFICATION

    Section 423 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 
requires the report of any Committee on a bill or joint 
resolution to include a statement on the extent to which the 
bill or joint resolution is intended to preempt state, local, 
or tribal law. The Committee finds that H.R. 1307 does not 
preempt any state, local, or tribal law.

                      ADVISORY COMMITTEE STATEMENT

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act were created by this 
legislation.

                  APPLICABILITY TO LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act (Public Law 
104-1).

             SECTION-BY-SECTION ANALYSIS OF THE LEGISLATION

Section 1. Short title

    This section provides that this bill may be cited as the 
``Post-Disaster Assistance Online Accountability Act''.

Sec. 2. Subpage for transparency of disaster assistance

    This section directs the OMB Director to consult with the 
Secretary of the Treasury and the heads of agencies providing 
disaster assistance under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Pub. L. 100-107)) to 
establish a subpage on USASpending.gov for the publication of 
disaster assistance data by agencies providing such assistance. 
The Section also requires HUD, SBA, and other covered agencies 
to submit to the subpage 1) the total amount of disaster 
assistance provided during a quarter, 2) the amount of disaster 
assistance provided by the agency that was expended or 
obligated to projects or activities, and 3) a detailed list of 
all projects or activities for which disaster assistance 
dispersed by the agency was expended, obligated, or used within 
30 days of the end of a calendar quarter.

Sec. 3. Definitions

    This section defines ``covered federal agency,'' ``disaster 
assistance,'' ``eligible recipient,'' and ``specified natural 
disaster.''

         CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW MADE BY THE BILL, AS REPORTED

    As reported, H.R. 1307 makes no changes to existing law.

                                  [all]