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116th Congress   }                                      {       Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                      {      116-181

======================================================================



 
               THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORIZATION ACT 
                                OF 2019

                                _______
                                

 July 24, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

    Mr. Engel, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3352]

    The Committee on Foreign Affairs, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 3352) to provide for certain authorities of the 
Department of State, and for other purposes, having considered 
the same, report favorably theron with an amendment and 
recommend that the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
The Amendment....................................................     1
Purpose and Summary..............................................    53
Background and Need for Legislation..............................    53
Hearings.........................................................    54
Committee Consideration..........................................    54
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................    72
New Budget Authority, Tax Expenditures, and Federal Mandates.....    72
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................    72
Non-Duplication of Federal Programs..............................    73
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................    73
Congressional Accountability Act.................................    73
New Advisory Committees..........................................    73
Earmark Identification...........................................    73
Section-by-Section Analysis......................................    73
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............    85

    Mr. ENGEL, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, submitted 
the following:

                             THE AMENDMENT


SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Department of State 
Authorization Act of 2019''.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:



Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.

    TITLE I--ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Sec. 101. Sense of Congress on importance of Department of State's 
work.
Sec. 102. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.
Sec. 103. Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics and Law 
Enforcement Affairs.
Sec. 104. Bureau of Consular Affairs; Bureau of Population, Refugees, 
and Migration.
Sec. 105. Office of International Disability Rights.
Sec. 106. Office of Global Women's Issues.
Sec. 107. Special appointments.
Sec. 108. Anti-piracy information sharing.
Sec. 109. Importance of foreign affairs training to national security.
Sec. 110. Authorization for receipt of private funding for diplomatic 
studies and training.
Sec. 111. Classification and assignment of Foreign Service officers.
Sec. 112. Energy diplomacy and security within the Department of State.
Sec. 113. Passport fees.
Sec. 114. United States diplomacy center.
Sec. 115. Extension of period for reimbursement of fishermen for costs 
incurred from the illegal seizure and detention of U.S.-flag fishing 
vessels by foreign governments.
Sec. 116. Art in embassies.
Sec. 117. Amendment or repeal of reporting requirements.
Sec. 118. Reporting on implementation of GAO recommendations.
Sec. 119. Office of Global Criminal Justice.

                     TITLE II--EMBASSY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 201. Embassy security, construction, and maintenance.
Sec. 202. Standard design in capital construction.
Sec. 203. Capital construction transparency.
Sec. 204. Contractor performance information.
Sec. 205. Growth projections for new embassies and consulates.
Sec. 206. Long-range planning process.
Sec. 207. Value engineering and risk assessment.
Sec. 208. Business volume.
Sec. 209. Embassy security requests and deficiencies.
Sec. 210. Overseas security briefings.
Sec. 211. Contracting methods in capital construction.
Sec. 212. Competition in embassy construction.
Sec. 213. Statement of policy.
Sec. 214. Definitions.

                      TITLE III--PERSONNEL ISSUES

Sec. 301. Defense Base Act insurance waivers.
Sec. 302. Study on Foreign Service allowances.
Sec. 303. Science and technology fellowships.
Sec. 304. Travel for separated families.
Sec. 305. Home leave travel for separated families.
Sec. 306. Sense of Congress regarding certain fellowship programs.
Sec. 307. Technical correction.
Sec. 308. Foreign Service awards.
Sec. 309. Diplomatic programs.
Sec. 310. Sense of Congress regarding veterans employment at the 
Department of State.
Sec. 311. Employee assignment restrictions and preclusions.
Sec. 312. Recall and reemployment of career members.
Sec. 313. Strategic staffing plan for the Department.
Sec. 314. Consulting services.
Sec. 315. Incentives for critical posts.
Sec. 316. Extension of authority for certain accountability review 
boards.
Sec. 317. Foreign service suspension without pay.
Sec. 318. Foreign Affairs Manual and Foreign Affairs Handbook changes.
Sec. 319. Waiver authority for individual occupational requirements of 
certain positions.
Sec. 320. Standardizing Department parental leave policies.
Sec. 321. Appointment of employees to the Global Engagement Center.
Sec. 322. Rest and recuperation and overseas operations leave for 
Federal employees.

  TITLE IV--A DIVERSE WORKFORCE: RECRUITMENT, RETENTION, AND PROMOTION

Sec. 401. Definitions.
Sec. 402. Collection, analysis, and dissemination of work force data.
Sec. 403. Exit interviews for work force.
Sec. 404. Recruitment and retention.
Sec. 405. Leadership engagement and accountability.
Sec. 406. Professional development opportunities and tools.
Sec. 407. Examination and oral assessment for the Foreign Service.
Sec. 408. Payne fellowship authorization.
Sec. 409. Voluntary participation.

                     TITLE V--INFORMATION SECURITY

Sec. 501. Definitions.
Sec. 502. Information system security.
Sec. 503. Prohibition on contracting with certain telecommunications 
providers.
Sec. 504. Preserving records of electronic communications conducted 
related to official duties of positions in the public trust of the 
American people.
Sec. 505. Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series and 
declassification.
Sec. 506. Vulnerability Disclosure Policy and Bug Bounty Pilot Program.

                       TITLE VI--PUBLIC DIPLOMACY

Sec. 601. Short title.
Sec. 602. Avoiding duplication of programs and efforts.
Sec. 603. Improving research and evaluation of public diplomacy.
Sec. 604. Permanent reauthorization of the United States Advisory 
Commission on Public Diplomacy.
Sec. 605. Streamlining of support functions.
Sec. 606. Guidance for closure of public diplomacy facilities.
Sec. 607. Definitions.

                 TITLE VII--COMBATING PUBLIC CORRUPTION

Sec. 701. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 702. Annual assessment.
Sec. 703. Transparency and accountability.
Sec. 704. Designation of embassy anti-corruption points of contact.
Sec. 705. Reporting requirements.
Sec. 706. Foreign investments and national security.

         TITLE VIII--MATTERS RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

Sec. 801. Short title.
Sec. 802. Security assistance defined.

           Subtitle A--Reform Relating to Security Assistance

Sec. 811. Organizational reform.
Sec. 812. Workforce development.
Sec. 813. Security assistance planning.
Sec. 814. Interagency coordination of security assistance, transfers, 
and security cooperation.
Sec. 815. Rule of construction.

                Subtitle B--Foreign Military Assistance

Sec. 821. Strategic allocation of excess defense articles.
Sec. 822. Modification of purposes for which military sales by the 
United States are authorized.
Sec. 823. Return of defense articles.
Sec. 824. Requirements relating to exemptions for licensing of defense 
items.
Sec. 825. Amendment to general provisions.
Sec. 826. Technical amendments to Arms Export Control Act.
Sec. 827. Sense of Congress on licensing under United States arms 
export control programs.
Sec. 828. Extension of war reserve stockpile authority.
Sec. 829. Peacekeeping operations and other national security programs.
Sec. 830. Other amendments to military assistance authorities.
Sec. 831. Repeal of reports.
Sec. 832. Defense trade controls registration fees.
Sec. 833. Withholding of assistance to units of foreign security forces 
that engaged in sexual exploitation or abuse in peacekeeping 
operations.
Sec. 834. Modification to limitations on assistance relating to human 
rights.

            Subtitle C--Studies on Authorities and Programs

Sec. 841. Requirement for study by Bureau of International Narcotics 
and Law Enforcement Affairs.
Sec. 842. Requirement for independent study of existing security 
assistance authorities.

                        TITLE IX--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 901. Case-Zablocki Act reform.
Sec. 902. Limitation on assistance to countries in default.
Sec. 903. Prohibition on assistance to governments supporting 
international terrorism.
Sec. 904. Establishing a coordinator for ISIS detainee issues.
Sec. 905. Sean and David Goldman Child Abduction Prevention and Return 
Act of 2014 amendment.
Sec. 906. Modification of authorities of Commission for the 
Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad.


SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

  In this Act:
          (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--Unless otherwise 
        specified, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means----
                  (A) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
                  (B) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
                  (C) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                  (D) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives.
          (2) Department.--Unless otherwise specified, the term 
        ``Department'' means the Department of State.
          (3) Secretary.--Unless otherwise specified, the term 
        ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of State.

    TITLE I--ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

SEC. 101. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON IMPORTANCE OF DEPARTMENT OF STATE'S 
                    WORK.

  It is the sense of Congress that----
          (1) United States global engagement is key to a stable and 
        prosperous world;
          (2) United States leadership is indispensable in light of the 
        many complex and interconnected threats facing the United 
        States and the world;
          (3) diplomacy and development are critical tools of national 
        power, and full deployment of these tools is vital to United 
        States national security;
          (4) challenges such as the global refugee and migration 
        crises, terrorism, historic famine and food insecurity, and 
        fragile or repressive societies cannot be addressed without 
        sustained and robust United States diplomatic and development 
        leadership;
          (5) the U.S. Government must use all of the instruments of 
        national security and foreign policy at its disposal to protect 
        United States citizens, promote United States interests and 
        values, and support global stability and prosperity;
          (6) United States security and prosperity depend on having 
        partners and allies that share our interests and values, and 
        these partnerships are nurtured and our shared interests and 
        values are promoted through United States diplomatic 
        engagement, security cooperation, economic Statecraft, and 
        assistance that helps further economic development, good 
        governance, including the rule of law and democratic 
        institutions, and the development of shared responses to 
        natural and humanitarian disasters;
          (7) as the U.S. Government agencies primarily charged with 
        conducting diplomacy and development, the Department and the 
        United States Agency for International Development (USAID) 
        require sustained and robust funding to carry out this 
        important work, which is essential to our ability to project 
        United States leadership and values and to advance the United 
        States interests around the world;
          (8) the work of the Department and USAID makes the United 
        States and the world safer and more prosperous by alleviating 
        global poverty and hunger, fighting HIV/AIDS and other 
        infectious diseases, strengthening alliances, expanding 
        educational opportunities for women and girls, promoting good 
        governance and democracy, supporting anti-corruption efforts, 
        driving economic development and trade, preventing armed 
        conflicts and humanitarian crises, and creating American jobs 
        and export opportunities;
          (9) the Department and USAID are vital national security 
        agencies, whose work is critical to the projection of United 
        States power and leadership worldwide, and without which 
        Americans would be less safe, our economic power would be 
        diminished, and global stability and prosperity would suffer;
          (10) investing in diplomacy and development before conflicts 
        break out saves American lives while also being cost-effective; 
        and
          (11) the contributions of personnel working at the Department 
        and USAID are extraordinarily valuable and allow the United 
        States to maintain its leadership around the world.

SEC. 102. BUREAU OF DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND LABOR.

  Paragraph (2) of section 1(c) of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a) is amended----
          (1) in subparagraph (A), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``All special envoys, Ambassadors, and 
        coordinators located within the Bureau of Democracy, Human 
        Rights, and Labor shall report directly to the Assistant 
        Secretary.'';
          (2) in subparagraph (B)(ii)----
                  (A) by striking ``section'' and inserting ``sections 
                116 and''; and
                  (B) by inserting before the period at the end the 
                following: ``(commonly referred to as the annual 
                `Country Reports on Human Rights Practices')''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
          ``(C) Authorities.--In addition to the duties, functions, and 
        responsibilities specified in this paragraph, the Assistant 
        Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor is 
        authorized to----
                  ``(i) promote democracy and actively support human 
                rights throughout the world;
                  ``(ii) promote the rule of law and good governance 
                throughout the world;
                  ``(iii) strengthen, empower, and protect civil 
                society representatives, programs, and organizations, 
                and facilitate their ability to engage in dialog with 
                governments and other civil society entities;
                  ``(iv) work with regional bureaus to ensure adequate 
                personnel at diplomatic posts are assigned 
                responsibilities relating to advancing democracy, human 
                rights, labor rights, women's equal participation in 
                society, and the rule of law, with particular attention 
                paid to adequate oversight and engagement on such 
                issues by senior officials at such posts;
                  ``(v) review and, as appropriate, make 
                recommendations to the Secretary of State regarding the 
                proposed transfer of----
                          ``(I) defense articles and defense services 
                        authorized under the Foreign Assistance Act of 
                        1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) or the Arms 
                        Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.); 
                        and
                          ``(II) military items listed on the `600 
                        series' of the Commerce Control List contained 
                        in Supplement No. 1 to part 774 of subtitle B 
                        of title 15, Code of Federal Regulations;
                  ``(vi) coordinate programs and activities that 
                protect and advance the exercise of human rights and 
                internet freedom in cyberspace; and
                  ``(vii) implement other relevant policies and 
                provisions of law.
          ``(D) Efficiency.--The Assistant Secretary for Democracy, 
        Human Rights, and Labor shall take whatever actions may be 
        necessary to minimize the duplication of efforts within the 
        Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.
          ``(E) Local oversight.--United States missions, to the extent 
        practicable, should assist in exercising oversight authority 
        and coordinate with the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and 
        Labor to ensure that funds are appropriately used and comply 
        with anti-corruption practices.''.

SEC. 103. ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS AND LAW 
                    ENFORCEMENT AFFAIRS.

  (a) In General.--Section 1(c) of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a(c)) is amended----
          (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
          (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(3) Assistant secretary for international narcotics and law 
        enforcement affairs.----
                  ``(A) In general.--There is authorized to be in the 
                Department of State an Assistant Secretary for 
                International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 
                who shall be responsible to the Secretary of State for 
                all matters, programs, and related activities 
                pertaining to international narcotics, anti-crime, and 
                law enforcement affairs in the conduct of foreign 
                policy by the Department, including, as appropriate, 
                leading the coordination of programs carried out by 
                U.S. Government agencies abroad, and such other related 
                duties as the Secretary may from time to time 
                designate.
                  ``(B) Areas of responsibility.--The Assistant 
                Secretary for International Narcotics and Law 
                Enforcement Affairs shall maintain continuous 
                observation and coordination of all matters pertaining 
                to international narcotics, anti-crime, and law 
                enforcement affairs in the conduct of foreign policy, 
                including programs carried out by other U.S. Government 
                agencies when such programs pertain to the following 
                matters:
                          ``(i) Combating international narcotics 
                        production and trafficking.
                          ``(ii) Strengthening foreign justice systems, 
                        including judicial and prosecutorial capacity, 
                        appeals systems, law enforcement agencies, 
                        prison systems, and the sharing of recovered 
                        assets.
                          ``(iii) Training and equipping foreign 
                        police, border control, other government 
                        officials, and other civilian law enforcement 
                        authorities for anti-crime purposes, including 
                        ensuring that no foreign security unit or 
                        member of such unit shall receive such 
                        assistance from the U.S. Government absent 
                        appropriate vetting.
                          ``(iv) Ensuring the inclusion of human rights 
                        and women's participation issues in law 
                        enforcement programs, in consultation with the 
                        Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human 
                        Rights, and Labor, and other senior officials 
                        in regional and thematic bureaus and offices.
                          ``(v) Combating, in conjunction with other 
                        relevant bureaus of the Department, all forms 
                        of transnational organized crime, including 
                        illicit trafficking in human beings, arms, 
                        wildlife, and cultural property, migrant 
                        smuggling, corruption, money laundering, the 
                        illicit smuggling of bulk cash, the licit use 
                        of financial systems for malign purposes, and 
                        other new and emerging forms of crime.
                          ``(vi) Identifying and responding to global 
                        corruption, including strengthening the 
                        capacity of foreign government institutions 
                        responsible for addressing financial crimes and 
                        engaging with multilateral organizations 
                        responsible for monitoring and supporting 
                        foreign governments' anti-corruption efforts.
                  ``(C) Additional duties.--In addition to the 
                responsibilities specified in subparagraph (B), the 
                Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics and Law 
                Enforcement Affairs shall also----
                          ``(i) carry out timely and substantive 
                        consultation with chiefs of mission and, as 
                        appropriate, the heads of other U.S. Government 
                        agencies to ensure effective coordination of 
                        all international narcotics and law enforcement 
                        programs carried out overseas by the Department 
                        and such other agencies;
                          ``(ii) coordinate with the Office of National 
                        Drug Control Policy to ensure lessons learned 
                        from other U.S. Government agencies are 
                        available to the Bureau of International 
                        Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs of the 
                        Department;
                          ``(iii) develop standard requirements for 
                        monitoring and evaluation of Bureau programs, 
                        including metrics for success that do not rely 
                        solely on the amounts of illegal drugs that are 
                        produced or seized;
                          ``(iv) in coordination with the Secretary of 
                        State, annually certify in writing to the 
                        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
                        Relations of the Senate that United States law 
                        enforcement personnel posted abroad whose 
                        activities are funded to any extent by the 
                        Bureau of International Narcotics and Law 
                        Enforcement Affairs are complying with section 
                        207 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
                        U.S.C. 3927); and
                          ``(v) carry out such other relevant duties as 
                        the Secretary may assign.''.
  (b) Modification of Annual International Narcotics Control Strategy 
Report.--Subsection (a) of section 489 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291h) is amended by inserting after paragraph (8) the 
following new paragraph:
          ``(9) A separate section that contains an identification of 
        all United States Government-supported units funded by the 
        Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs 
        and any Bureau-funded operations by such units in which United 
        States law enforcement personnel have been physically 
        present.''.

SEC. 104. BUREAU OF CONSULAR AFFAIRS; BUREAU OF POPULATION, REFUGEES, 
                    AND MIGRATION.

  Section 1 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 
U.S.C. 2651a) is amended----
          (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (i); and
          (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsections:
  ``(g) Bureau of Consular Affairs.--There is in the Department of 
State the Bureau of Consular Affairs, which shall be headed by the 
Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs
  ``(h) Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration.--There is in the 
Department of State the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, 
which shall be headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for 
Population, Refugees, and Migration.''.

SEC. 105. OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL DISABILITY RIGHTS.

  (a) Establishment.--There should be established in the Department an 
Office of International Disability Rights (referred to in this section 
as the ``Office'').
  (b) Duties.--The Office should----
          (1) seek to ensure that all United States foreign operations 
        are accessible to, and inclusive of, persons with disabilities;
          (2) promote the human rights and full participation in 
        international development activities of all persons with 
        disabilities;
          (3) promote disability inclusive practices and the training 
        of Department staff on soliciting quality programs that are 
        fully inclusive of people with disabilities;
          (4) represent the United States in diplomatic and 
        multilateral fora on matters relevant to the rights of persons 
        with disabilities, and work to raise the profile of disability 
        across a broader range of organizations contributing to 
        international development efforts;
          (5) conduct regular consultation with civil society 
        organizations working to advance international disability 
        rights and empower persons with disabilities internationally;
          (6) consult with other relevant offices at the Department 
        that are responsible for drafting annual reports documenting 
        progress on human rights, including, wherever applicable, 
        references to instances of discrimination, prejudice, or abuses 
        of persons with disabilities; and
          (7) advise the Bureau of Human Resources Development of the 
        Department regarding the hiring and recruitment and overseas 
        practices of civil service employees and Foreign Service 
        officers with disabilities and their family members with 
        chronic medical conditions or disabilities.
  (c) Supervision.--The Office may be headed by----
          (1) a senior advisor to the appropriate Assistant Secretary; 
        or
          (2) an officer exercising significant authority who reports 
        to the President or Secretary, appointed by and with the advice 
        and consent of the Senate.
  (d) Consultation.--The Secretary should direct Ambassadors at Large, 
Representatives, Special Envoys, and coordinators working on human 
rights to consult with the Office to promote the human rights and full 
participation in international development activities of all persons 
with disabilities.

SEC. 106. OFFICE OF GLOBAL WOMEN'S ISSUES.

  (a) In General.--There should be established an Office of Global 
Women's Issues (referred to in this section as the ``Office''), which 
may be placed within the organizational structure of the Department at 
the discretion of the Secretary.
  (b) Purpose.--The Office should coordinate efforts of the U.S. 
Government, as directed by the Secretary, regarding gender equality and 
advancing the status of women and girls in United States foreign 
policy.
  (c) Duties.--The Office should----
          (1) serve as the principal advisor to the Secretary regarding 
        gender equality, women's and girls' empowerment, and violence 
        against women and girls as a priority of United States foreign 
        policy;
          (2) represent the United States in diplomatic and 
        multilateral fora on matters relevant to the status of women 
        and girls;
          (3) advise the Secretary and provide input on all activities, 
        policies, programs, and funding relating to gender equality and 
        the advancement of women and girls internationally for all 
        bureaus and offices of the Department and in the international 
        programs of all other Federal agencies;
          (4) work to ensure that efforts to advance gender equality 
        and women's and girls' empowerment are fully integrated into 
        the programs, structures, processes, and capacities of all 
        bureaus and offices of the Department and in the international 
        programs of other Federal agencies; and
          (5) conduct regular consultation with civil society 
        organizations working to advance gender equality and empower 
        women and girls internationally.
  (d) Supervision.--The Office should be headed by an ambassador-at-
large for Global Women's Issues.
  (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report or briefing regarding this section.

SEC. 107. SPECIAL APPOINTMENTS.

  (a) Report on Positions.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report that includes the 
following:
          (1) A description of the duties, responsibilities, and number 
        of staff of each existing Special Envoy, Special 
        Representative, Special Coordinator, Special Negotiator, Envoy, 
        Representative, Coordinator, Special Advisor, and other similar 
        position at the Department.
          (2) Recommendations regarding whether to maintain in the 
        Department each such position, including those listed in the 
        report submitted by the Secretary to the Committee on Foreign 
        Relations of the Senate on April 14, 2017, pursuant to section 
        418 of the Department of State Authorities Act, Fiscal Year 
        2017 (Public Law 114-323), that are not expressly authorized by 
        a provision of law enacted by Congress.
          (3) Justifications supporting each of the Secretary's 
        recommendations under paragraph (2).
  (b) Advice and Consent.--Not later than 90 days after the submission 
of the report required under subsection (a), the President shall submit 
the name of each Special Envoy, Special Representative, Special 
Coordinator, Special Negotiator, Envoy, Representative, Coordinator, 
Special Advisor, or other person occupying a similar position at the 
Department exercising significant authority pursuant to the laws of the 
United States that is not expressly authorized by a provision of law 
enacted by Congress who is included in such report to the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate to seek the advice and consent of the 
Senate.
  (c) Rule of Construction Regarding Establishment of Positions.--
Nothing in this section may be construed as prohibiting the 
establishment or maintenance of any Special Envoy, Special 
Representative, Special Coordinator, Special Negotiator, Envoy, 
Representative, Coordinator, Special Advisor, or other similar position 
at the Department exercising significant authority pursuant to the laws 
of the United States if the name of the appointee for each such 
position is submitted to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate, to seek the advice and consent of the Senate, not later than 90 
days after each such appointment.
  (d) Limited Exception for Temporary Appointments.--The Secretary may 
maintain or establish a position with the title of Special Envoy, 
Special Representative, Special Coordinator, Special Negotiator, 
Special Advisor, or a similar position not exercising significant 
authority pursuant to the laws of the United States for not longer than 
180 days if the Secretary, not later than 15 days before the 
appointment of a person to such a position, submits to the appropriate 
congressional committees a notification that includes the following:
          (1) A certification that the position is not expected to 
        demand the exercise of significant authority pursuant to the 
        laws of the United States.
          (2) A description of the duties and purpose of the position.
          (3) The rationale for giving the specific title to the 
        position.
  (e) Renewal of Temporary Appointment.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed as prohibiting the Secretary from renewing for a period not 
to exceed 180 days any position maintained or established under 
subsection (d) if the Secretary complies with the notification 
requirements contained in such subsection.
  (f) Funding Restrictions.----
          (1) Positions not submitted for advice and consent.--No funds 
        may be authorized to be appropriated for----
                  (A) any Special Envoy, Special Representative, 
                Special Coordinator, Special Negotiator, Envoy, 
                Representative, Coordinator, Special Advisor, or other 
                similar position at the Department exercising 
                significant authority pursuant to the laws of the 
                United States if the name of the person appointed to 
                such position has not been submitted to the Committee 
                on Foreign Relations of the Senate for the advice and 
                consent of the Senate in accordance with subsection 
                (b); or
                  (B) any staff or resources related to such a position 
                until the person appointed to such position has been 
                submitted to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate for the advice and consent of the Senate.
          (2) Temporary positions.--No funds may be authorized to be 
        appropriated for any position described in subsection (d) or 
        for any staff or resources related to such position unless the 
        Secretary has complied with the notification requirements under 
        such subsection.
          (3) Fiscal year 2020.--The restrictions described in this 
        subsection shall not apply in Fiscal Year 2020 to positions or 
        associated staff and resources for which funding is expressly 
        appropriated for such Fiscal Year in an Act of Congress.
  (g) Confirmation for Authorized Positions.----
          (1) In general.--No Special Envoy, Special Representative, 
        Special Coordinator, Special Negotiator, Envoy, Representative, 
        Coordinator, Special Advisor, or other similar position at the 
        Department exercising significant authority pursuant to the 
        laws of the United States that is authorized by an Act of 
        Congress (except the position authorized by section 621 of the 
        Tibetan Policy Act of 2002 (subtitle B of title VI of Public 
        Law 107-228; 22 U.S.C. 6901 note)) may be appointed without the 
        advice and consent of the Senate.
          (2) Fiscal year 2020.--The restriction described in paragraph 
        (1) shall not apply in Fiscal Year 2020 to positions or 
        associated staff and resources for which funding is expressly 
        appropriated for such Fiscal Year in an Act of Congress.
  (h) Elimination of Special Representative and Policy Coordinator for 
Burma.----
          (1) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
                  (A) Congress established the Special Representative 
                and Policy Coordinator for Burma in July 2008 at a time 
                when the United States did not maintain full diplomatic 
                relations with Burma and had not appointed an 
                ambassador to Burma in 18 years.
                  (B) In 2012, the United States re-established full 
                diplomatic relations with Burma and appointed a United 
                States Ambassador to Burma who, along with the 
                Secretary of State, Assistant Secretary of State for 
                East Asia and the Pacific, and other U.S. Government 
                officials, represents the United States' interests in 
                Burma.
          (2) Repeal.--Section 7 of the Tom Lantos Block Burmese Jade 
        (Junta's Anti-Democratic Efforts) Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-
        286; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to the establishment of a 
        Special Representative and Policy Coordinator for Burma) is 
        hereby repealed.

SEC. 108. ANTI-PIRACY INFORMATION SHARING.

  The Secretary is authorized to provide for the participation by the 
United States in the Information Sharing Centre located in Singapore, 
as established by the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating 
Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP).

SEC. 109. IMPORTANCE OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS TRAINING TO NATIONAL SECURITY.

  It is the sense of Congress that----
          (1) the Department is a crucial national security agency, 
        whose employees, both Foreign and Civil Service, require the 
        best possible training at every stage of their careers to 
        prepare them to promote and defend United States national 
        interests and the health and safety of United States citizens 
        abroad;
          (2) the Secretary should explore establishing a ``training 
        float'' requiring that a certain percentage of the Foreign 
        Service shall be in long-term training at any given time;
          (3) the Department's Foreign Service Institute should seek to 
        substantially increase its educational and training offerings 
        to Department personnel, including developing new and 
        innovative educational and training courses, methods, programs, 
        and opportunities; and
          (4) consistent with existing Department gift acceptance 
        authority and other applicable laws, the Department and Foreign 
        Service Institute should seek and accept funds and other 
        resources from foundations, not-for-profit corporations, and 
        other appropriate sources to help the Department and the 
        Institute accomplish the goals specified in paragraph (3).

SEC. 110. AUTHORIZATION FOR RECEIPT OF PRIVATE FUNDING FOR DIPLOMATIC 
                    STUDIES AND TRAINING.

  Section 701 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4021) is 
amended----
          (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
          (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:
  ``(g)(1) The institution is authorized to receive private funds from 
private individuals and organizations to supplement the institution's 
funding and expand and enhance training, including for the following:
          ``(A) Design and implementation of a degree granting program 
        at the institution.
          ``(B) Curriculum development.
          ``(C) Training and classes for Members of Congress and 
        congressional staff.
          ``(D) Hiring retired Department of State personnel to teach, 
        notwithstanding other hiring limitations.
          ``(E) Other purposes as determined appropriate and necessary 
        by the Secretary of State.
  ``(2) Private funding received by the institution pursuant to this 
subsection shall be provided at the discretion of the grantor 
individual or organization, as the case may be.
  ``(3) Not less than once annually, and at the request of the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs or the Committee on Appropriations of the 
House of Representatives or the Committee on Foreign Relations or the 
Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, the Department shall provide 
the names of grantors and information relating to the nature and 
amounts of any contributions made.''.

SEC. 111. CLASSIFICATION AND ASSIGNMENT OF FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICERS.

  The Foreign Service Act of 1980 is amended----
          (1) in section 501 (22 U.S.C. 3981), by inserting ``If a 
        position designated under this section is unfilled for more 
        than 365 calendar days, such position may be filled, as 
        appropriate, on a temporary basis, in accordance with section 
        309.'' after ``Positions designated under this section are 
        excepted from the competitive service.''; and
          (2) in paragraph (2) of section 502(a) (22 U.S.C. 3982(a)), 
        by inserting ``, or domestically, in a position working on 
        issues relating to a particular country or geographic area,'' 
        after ``geographic area''.

SEC. 112. ENERGY DIPLOMACY AND SECURITY WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

  (a) In General.--Subsection (c) of section 1 of the State Department 
Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a), as amended by section 
103 of this Act, is further amended----
          (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) (as redesignated pursuant 
        to such section 103) as paragraph (5); and
          (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(4) Energy resources.----
                  ``(A) Authorization for assistant secretary.--Subject 
                to the numerical limitation specified in paragraph (1), 
                there is authorized to be established in the Department 
                of State an Assistant Secretary of State for Energy 
                Resources.
                  ``(B) Personnel.--The Secretary of State shall ensure 
                that there are sufficient personnel dedicated to energy 
                matters within the Department of State whose 
                responsibilities shall include----
                          ``(i) formulating and implementing 
                        international policies aimed at protecting and 
                        advancing United States energy security 
                        interests by effectively managing United States 
                        bilateral and multilateral relations;
                          ``(ii) ensuring that analyses of the national 
                        security implications of global energy and 
                        environmental developments are reflected in the 
                        decisionmaking process within the Department;
                          ``(iii) incorporating energy security 
                        priorities into the activities of the 
                        Department;
                          ``(iv) coordinating energy activities of the 
                        Department with relevant Federal departments 
                        and agencies; and
                          ``(v) working internationally to----
                                  ``(I) support the development of 
                                energy resources and the distribution 
                                of such resources for the benefit of 
                                the United States and United States 
                                allies and trading partners for their 
                                energy security and economic 
                                development needs;
                                  ``(II) promote availability of 
                                diversified energy supplies and a well-
                                functioning global market for energy 
                                resources, technologies, and expertise 
                                for the benefit of the United States 
                                and United States allies and trading 
                                partners;
                                  ``(III) resolve international 
                                disputes regarding the exploration, 
                                development, production, or 
                                distribution of energy resources;
                                  ``(IV) support the economic and 
                                commercial interests of United States 
                                persons operating in the energy markets 
                                of foreign countries;
                                  ``(V) support and coordinate 
                                international efforts to alleviate 
                                energy poverty;
                                  ``(VI) leading the United States 
                                commitment to the Extractive Industries 
                                Transparency Initiative;
                                  ``(VII) coordinating within the 
                                Department and with relevant Federal 
                                departments and agencies on developing 
                                and implementing international energy-
                                related sanctions; and
                                  ``(VIII) coordinating energy security 
                                and other relevant functions within the 
                                Department currently undertaken by----
                                          ``(aa) the Bureau of Economic 
                                        and Business Affairs;
                                          ``(bb) the Bureau of Oceans 
                                        and International Environmental 
                                        and Scientific Affairs; and
                                          ``(cc) other offices within 
                                        the Department of State.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 931 of the Energy Independence and 
Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17371) is amended----
          (1) by striking subsections (a) and (b); and
          (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (a) and (b), respectively.

SEC. 113. PASSPORT FEES.

  Paragraph (2) of section 1(b) of the Passport Act of June 4, 1920 (22 
U.S.C. 214(b)) is amended by striking ``not'' and all that follows 
through the period at the end and inserting the following: ``be 
exercised beginning on the date of the enactment of the Department of 
State Authorization Act of 2019.''.

SEC. 114. UNITED STATES DIPLOMACY CENTER.

  Title I of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 is 
amended by adding after section 63 (22 U.S.C. 2735) the following new 
section:

``SEC. 64. UNITED STATES DIPLOMACY CENTER.

  ``(a) Activities.----
          ``(1) Support authorized.--The Secretary of State is 
        authorized to provide, by contract, grant, or otherwise, for 
        the performance of appropriate museum visitor and educational 
        outreach services and related events, including organizing 
        programs and conference activities, museum shop services and 
        food services in the public exhibition and related space 
        utilized by the center for United States diplomacy.
          ``(2) Recovery of costs.--The Secretary of State is 
        authorized to recover any revenues generated under the 
        authority of paragraph (1) for visitor and outreach services 
        and related events referred to in such paragraph, including 
        fees for use of facilities at a center for United States 
        diplomacy. Any such revenues may be retained as a recovery of 
        the costs of operating the Center.
  ``(b) Disposition of United States Diplomacy Center Documents, 
Artifacts, and Other Articles.----
          ``(1) Property.--All historic documents, artifacts, or other 
        articles permanently acquired by the Department of State and 
        determined by the Secretary of State to be suitable for display 
        by the center for United States diplomacy shall be considered 
        to be the property of the U.S. Government and shall be subject 
        to disposition solely in accordance with this subsection.
          ``(2) Sale, trade, or transfer.--Whenever the Secretary of 
        State makes the determination described in paragraph (3) with 
        respect to a document, artifact, or other article under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary may sell at fair market value, 
        trade, or transfer such document, artifact, or other article 
        without regard to the requirements of subtitle I of title 40, 
        United States Code. The proceeds of any such sale may be used 
        solely for the advancement of the mission of the center for 
        United States diplomacy and may not be used for any purpose 
        other than the acquisition and direct care of the collections 
        of the center.
          ``(3) Determinations prior to sale, trade, or transfer.--The 
        determination described in this paragraph with respect to a 
        document, artifact, or other article under paragraph (1), is a 
        determination that----
                  ``(A) such document, artifact, or other article no 
                longer serves to further the purposes of the center for 
                United States diplomacy as set forth in the collections 
                management policy of the center;
                  ``(B) the sale, trade, or transfer of such document, 
                artifact, or other article would serve to maintain the 
                standards of the collection of the center; or
                  ``(C) sale, trade, or transfer of such document, 
                artifact, or other article would be in the best 
                interests of the United States.
          ``(4) Loans.--In addition to the authorization under 
        paragraph (2) relating to the sale, trade, or transfer of 
        documents, artifacts, or other articles under paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary of State may loan such documents, artifacts, or 
        other articles, when not needed for use or display by the 
        center for United States diplomacy to the Smithsonian 
        Institution or a similar institution for repair, study, or 
        exhibition.''.

SEC. 115. EXTENSION OF PERIOD FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF FISHERMEN FOR COSTS 
                    INCURRED FROM THE ILLEGAL SEIZURE AND DETENTION OF 
                    U.S.-FLAG FISHING VESSELS BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS.

  (a) In General.--Subsection (e) of section 7 of the Fishermen's 
Protective Act of 1967 (22 U.S.C. 1977) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(e) Amounts.--Payments may be made under this section only to such 
extent and in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation 
Acts.''.
  (b) Retroactive Applicability.----
          (1) Effective date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
        shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
        apply as if the date specified in subsection (e) of section 7 
        of the Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967, as in effect on the 
        day before the date of the enactment of this Act, were the day 
        after such date of enactment.
          (2) Agreements and payments.--The Secretary shall----
                  (A) enter into agreements pursuant to section 7 of 
                the Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967 for any claims 
                to which such section would otherwise apply but for the 
                date specified in subsection (e) of such section, as in 
                effect on the day before the date of the enactment of 
                this Act; and
                  (B) make payments in accordance with agreements 
                entered into pursuant to such section if any such 
                payments have not been made as a result of the 
                expiration of the date specified in such section, as in 
                effect on the day before the date of the enactment of 
                this Act.

SEC. 116. ART IN EMBASSIES.

  (a) In General.--No funds are authorized to be appropriated for the 
purchase of any piece of art for the purposes of installation or 
display in any embassy, consulate, or other foreign mission of the 
United States if the purchase price of such piece of art is in excess 
of $50,000, unless such purchase is subject to prior consultation with, 
and the regular notification procedures of, the appropriate 
congressional committees.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on the costs of the Art in Embassies 
Program for each of fiscal years 2012, 2013, and 2014.
  (c) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on the date that is 2 years 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
  (d) Definition.--In this section, the term ``art'' includes 
paintings, sculptures, photographs, industrial design, and craft art.

SEC. 117. AMENDMENT OR REPEAL OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) Burma.----
          (1) In general.--Section 570 of Public Law 104-208 is 
        amended----
                  (A) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
  ``(c) Multilateral Strategy.--The President shall develop, in 
coordination with members of ASEAN and other likeminded countries, a 
comprehensive, multilateral strategy to bring about further democratic 
consolidation in Burma and improve human rights practices and the 
quality of life in Burma, including the development of a dialog leading 
to genuine national reconciliation.''; and
                  (B) in subsection (d)----
                          (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                        striking ``six months'' and inserting ``year'';
                          (ii) by redesignating paragraph (3) as 
                        paragraph (7); and
                          (iii) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                        following new paragraphs:
          ``(3) improvements in human rights practices;
          ``(4) progress toward broad-based and inclusive economic 
        growth;
          ``(5) progress toward genuine national reconciliation;
          ``(6) progress on improving the quality of life of the 
        Burmese people, including progress relating to market reforms, 
        living standards, labor standards, use of forced labor in the 
        tourism industry, and environmental quality; and''.
          (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
        apply with respect to the first report required under 
        subsection (d) of section 570 of Public Law 104-208 that is 
        required after the date of the enactment of this Act.
  (b) Repeals.--The following provisions of law are hereby repealed:
          (1) Subsection (b) of section 804 of Public Law 101-246.
          (2) Section 6 of Public Law 104-45.
          (3) Section 406 of Public Law 101-246 (22 U.S.C. 2414a).
          (4) Subsection (c) of section 702 of Public Law 96-465 (22 
        U.S.C. 4022).

SEC. 118. REPORTING ON IMPLEMENTATION OF GAO RECOMMENDATIONS.

  (a) Initial Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report that lists all of the Government 
Accountability Office's recommendations relating to the Department that 
have not been fully implemented.
  (b) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 30 days after the 
Secretary submits the report under subsection (a), the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report that identifies any discrepancies 
between the list of recommendations included in such report and the 
Government Accountability Office's list of outstanding recommendations 
for the Department.
  (c) Implementation Report.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the submission of the Comptroller General's report under 
        subsection (b), the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report that describes the 
        implementation status of each recommendation from the 
        Government Accountability Office included in the report 
        submitted under subsection (a).
          (2) Justification.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include----
                  (A) a detailed justification for each decision not to 
                fully implement a recommendation or to implement a 
                recommendation in a different manner than specified by 
                the Government Accountability Office;
                  (B) a timeline for the full implementation of any 
                recommendation the Secretary has decided to adopt, but 
                has not yet fully implemented; and
                  (C) an explanation for any discrepancies included in 
                the Comptroller General report submitted under 
                subsection (b).
  (d) Form.--The information required in each report under this section 
shall be submitted in unclassified form, to the maximum extent 
practicable, but may be included in a classified annex to the extent 
necessary.

SEC. 119. OFFICE OF GLOBAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE.

  (a) In General.--There should be established within the Department an 
Office of Global Criminal Justice (referred to in this section as the 
``Office''), which may be placed within the organizational structure of 
the Department at the discretion of the Secretary.
  (b) Duties.--The Office should carry out the following:
          (1) Advise the Secretary and other relevant senior officials 
        on issues related to war crimes, crimes against humanity, and 
        genocide.
          (2) Assist in formulating United States policy on the 
        prevention of, responses to, and accountability for mass 
        atrocities.
          (3) Coordinate U.S. Government positions relating to the 
        international and hybrid courts currently prosecuting persons 
        responsible for genocide, war crimes, and crimes against 
        humanity anywhere in the world.
          (4) Work with other governments, international organizations, 
        and nongovernmental organizations, as appropriate, to establish 
        and assist international and domestic commissions of inquiry, 
        fact-finding missions, and tribunals to investigate, document, 
        and prosecute atrocities in every region of the globe.
          (5) Coordinate the deployment of diplomatic, legal, economic, 
        military, and other tools to help expose the truth, judge those 
        responsible, protect and assist victims, enable reconciliation, 
        deter atrocities, and build the rule of law.
          (6) Provide advice and expertise on transitional justice to 
        United States personnel operating in conflict and post-conflict 
        environments.
          (7) Act as a point of contact for international, hybrid, and 
        mixed tribunals exercising jurisdiction over war crimes, crimes 
        against humanity, and genocide committed around the world.
          (8) Represent the Department on any interagency whole-of-
        government coordinating entities addressing genocide and other 
        mass atrocities.
          (9) Perform any additional duties and exercise such powers as 
        the Secretary of State may prescribe.
  (c) Supervision.--The Office should be led by an ambassador-at-Large 
for Global Criminal Justice.

                     TITLE II--EMBASSY CONSTRUCTION

SEC. 201. EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE.

  For ``Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance'', there is 
authorized to be appropriated $1,987,211,000 for Fiscal Year 2020.

SEC. 202. STANDARD DESIGN IN CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION.

  (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Department's Bureau of Overseas Building Operations (OBO) or successor 
office should give appropriate consideration to standardization in 
construction, in which each new United States embassy and consulate 
starts with a standard design and keeps customization to a minimum.
  (b) Consultation.--The Secretary shall carry out any new United 
States embassy compound or new consulate compound project that utilizes 
a non-standard design, including those projects that are in the design 
or pre-design phase as of the date of the enactment of this Act, only 
in consultation with the appropriate congressional committees. The 
Secretary shall provide the appropriate congressional committees, for 
each such project, the following documentation:
          (1) A comparison of the estimated full lifecycle costs of the 
        project to the estimated full lifecycle costs of such project 
        if it were to use a standard design.
          (2) A comparison of the estimated completion date of such 
        project to the estimated completion date of such project if it 
        were to use a standard design.
          (3) A comparison of the security of the completed project to 
        the security of such completed project if it were to use a 
        standard design.
          (4) A justification for the Secretary's selection of a non-
        standard design over a standard design for such project.
          (5) A written explanation if any of the documentation 
        necessary to support the comparisons and justification, as the 
        case may be, described in paragraphs (1) through (4) cannot be 
        provided.
  (c) Sunset.--The consultation requirement under subsection (b) shall 
expire on the date that is 4 years after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 203. CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION TRANSPARENCY.

  (a) In General.--Section 118 of the Department of State Authorities 
Act, Fiscal Year 2017 (22 U.S.C. 304) is amended----
          (1) in the section heading , by striking ``annual report on 
        embassy construction costs'' and inserting ``biannual report on 
        overseas capital construction projects''; and
          (2) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the 
        following new subsections:
  ``(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this subsection and every 180 days thereafter until the 
date that is 4 years after such date of enactment, the Secretary shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive 
report regarding all ongoing overseas capital construction projects and 
major embassy security upgrade projects.
  ``(b) Contents.--Each report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following with respect to each ongoing overseas capital 
construction project and major embassy security upgrade project:
          ``(1) The initial cost estimate as specified in the proposed 
        allocation of capital construction and maintenance funds 
        required by the Committees on Appropriations for Acts making 
        appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, 
        and related programs.
          ``(2) The current cost estimate.
          ``(3) The value of each request for equitable adjustment 
        received by the Department to date.
          ``(4) The value of each certified claim received by the 
        Department to date.
          ``(5) The value of any usage of the project's contingency 
        fund to date and the value of the remainder of the project's 
        contingency fund.
          ``(6) An enumerated list of each request for adjustment and 
        certified claim that remains outstanding or unresolved.
          ``(7) An enumerated list of each request for equitable 
        adjustment and certified claim that has been fully adjudicated 
        or that the Department has settled, and the final dollar amount 
        of each adjudication or settlement.
          ``(8) The date of estimated completion specified in the 
        proposed allocation of capital construction and maintenance 
        funds required by the Committees on Appropriations not later 
        than 45 days after the date of the enactment of an Act making 
        appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, 
        and related programs.
          ``(9) The current date of estimated completion.''.
  (b) Initial Report.--The first report required under subsection (a) 
of section 118 of the Department of State Authorities Act, Fiscal Year 
2017 (as amended by this section) shall include an annex regarding all 
overseas capital construction projects and major embassy security 
upgrade projects completed during the 10-year period ending on December 
31, 2018, including, for each such project, the elements specified in 
subsection (b) of such section 118.

SEC. 204. CONTRACTOR PERFORMANCE INFORMATION.

  (a) Deadline for Completion.--The Secretary shall complete all 
contractor performance evaluations required by subpart 42.15 of the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation for those contractors engaged in 
construction of new embassy or new consulate compounds by October 1, 
2021.
  (b) Prioritization System.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop a 
        prioritization system for clearing the current backlog of 
        required evaluations referred to in subsection (a).
          (2) Elements.--The system required under paragraph (1) should 
        prioritize the evaluations as follows:
                  (A) Project completion evaluations should be 
                prioritized over annual evaluations.
                  (B) Evaluations for relatively large contracts should 
                have priority.
                  (C) Evaluations that would be particularly 
                informative for the awarding of government contracts 
                should have priority.
  (c) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of State shall brief the appropriate 
congressional committees on the Department's plan for completing all 
evaluations by October 1, 2021, in accordance with subsection (a) and 
the prioritization system developed pursuant to subsection (b).
  (d) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that----
          (1) contractors deciding whether to bid on Department 
        contracts would benefit from greater understanding of the 
        Department as a client; and
          (2) the Department should develop a forum where contractors 
        can comment on the Department's project management performance.

SEC. 205. GROWTH PROJECTIONS FOR NEW EMBASSIES AND CONSULATES.

  (a) In General.--For each new United States embassy compound (NEC) 
and new consulate compound project (NCC) in or not yet in the design 
phase as of the date of the enactment of this Act, the Department shall 
project growth over the estimated life of the facility using all 
available and relevant data, including the following:
          (1) Relevant historical trends for Department personnel and 
        personnel from other agencies represented at the NEC or NCC 
        that is to be constructed.
          (2) An analysis of the tradeoffs between risk and the needs 
        of U.S. Government policy conducted as part of the most recent 
        Vital Presence Validation Process, if applicable.
          (3) Reasonable assumptions about the strategic importance of 
        the NEC or NCC, as the case may be, over the life of the 
        building at issue.
          (4) Any other data that would be helpful in projecting the 
        future growth of NEC or NCC.
  (b) Other Federal Agencies.--The head of each Federal agency 
represented at a United States embassy or consulate shall provide to 
the Secretary, upon request, growth projections for the personnel of 
each such agency over the estimated life of each embassy or consulate, 
as the case may be.
  (c) Basis for Estimates.--The Department shall base its growth 
assumption for all NECs and NCCs on the estimates required under 
subsections (a) and (b).
  (d) congressional Notification.--Any congressional notification of 
site selection for a NEC or NCC submitted after the date of the 
enactment of this Act shall include the growth assumption used pursuant 
to subsection (c).

SEC. 206. LONG-RANGE PLANNING PROCESS.

  (a) Plans Required.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter for 5 years, 
        the Secretary shall develop----
                  (A) a comprehensive 6-year plan documenting the 
                Department's overseas building program for the 
                replacement of overseas diplomatic posts taking into 
                account security factors under the Secure Embassy 
                Construction and Counterterrorism Act of 1999 and other 
                relevant statutes and regulations, as well as 
                occupational safety and health factors pursuant to the 
                Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and other 
                relevant statutes and regulations, including 
                environmental factors such as indoor air quality that 
                impact employee health and safety; and
                  (B) a comprehensive 6-year plan detailing the 
                Department's long-term planning for the maintenance and 
                sustainment of completed diplomatic posts, which takes 
                into account security factors under the Secure Embassy 
                Construction and Counterterrorism Act of 1999 and other 
                relevant statutes and regulations, as well as 
                occupational safety and health factors pursuant to the 
                Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and other 
                relevant statutes and regulations, including 
                environmental factors such as indoor air quality that 
                impact employee health and safety.
          (2) Initial report.--The first plan developed pursuant to 
        paragraph (1)(A) shall also include a one-time status report on 
        existing small diplomatic posts and a strategy for establishing 
        a physical diplomatic presence in countries in which there is 
        no current physical diplomatic presence. Such report, which may 
        include a classified annex, shall include the following:
                  (A) A description of the extent to which each small 
                diplomatic post furthers the national interest of the 
                United States.
                  (B) A description of how each small diplomatic post 
                provides American Citizen Services, including data on 
                specific services provided and the number of Americans 
                receiving services over the previous year.
                  (C) A description of whether each small diplomatic 
                post meets current security requirements.
                  (D) A description of the full financial cost of 
                maintaining each small diplomatic post.
                  (E) Input from the relevant chiefs of mission on any 
                unique operational or policy value the small diplomatic 
                post provides.
          (3) Updated information.--The annual updates of each of the 
        plans developed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall highlight any 
        changes from the previous year's plan to the ordering of 
        construction and maintenance projects.
  (b) Reporting Requirements.----
          (1) Submission of plans to congress.--Not later than 60 days 
        after the completion of each plan required under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary shall submit the plans to the appropriate 
        congressional committees.
          (2) Reference in budget justification materials.--In the 
        budget justification materials submitted to the appropriate 
        congressional committees in support of the Department's budget 
        for any Fiscal Year (as submitted with the budget of the 
        President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States 
        Code), the plans required under subsection (a) shall be 
        referenced to justify funding requested for building and 
        maintenance projects overseas.
          (3) Form of report.--Each report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form but may include a 
        classified annex.
  (c) Small Diplomatic Post Defined.--In this section, the term ``small 
diplomatic post'' means any United States embassy or consulate that has 
employed five or fewer U.S. Government employees on average over the 36 
months prior to the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 207. VALUE ENGINEERING AND RISK ASSESSMENT.

  (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) Federal departments and agencies are required to use 
        value engineering (VE) as a management tool, where appropriate, 
        to reduce program and acquisition costs pursuant to OMB 
        Circular A-131, Value Engineering, dated December 31, 2013.
          (2) OBO has a Policy Directive and Standard Operation 
        Procedure, dated May 24, 2017, on conducting risk management 
        studies on all international construction projects.
  (b) Notification Requirements.----
          (1) Submission to authorizing committees.--The proposed 
        allocation of capital construction and maintenance funds that 
        is required by the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives not later than 45 days after 
        the date of the enactment of an Act making appropriations for 
        the Department of State, foreign operations, and related 
        programs shall also be submitted to the Committee on Foreign 
        Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
        the House of Representatives.
          (2) Requirement to confirm completion of value engineering 
        and risk assessment studies.--The notifications required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include confirmation that the Department 
        has completed the requisite VE and risk management studies 
        described in subsection (a).
  (c) Reporting and Briefing Requirements.--The Secretary shall provide 
to the appropriate congressional committees upon request----
          (1) a description of each risk management study referred to 
        in subsection (a)(2) and a table detailing which 
        recommendations related to each such study were accepted and 
        which were rejected; and
          (2) a report or briefing detailing the rationale for not 
        implementing any such recommendations that may otherwise yield 
        significant cost savings to the Department if implemented.

SEC. 208. BUSINESS VOLUME.

  Section 402(c)(2)(E) of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 4852(c)(2)(E)) is amended by 
striking ``in 3 years'' and inserting ``cumulatively over 3 years''.

SEC. 209. EMBASSY SECURITY REQUESTS AND DEFICIENCIES.

  The Secretary shall provide to the appropriate congressional 
committees upon request information on security deficiencies at United 
States diplomatic posts, including relating to the following:
          (1) Requests made over the previous year by United States 
        diplomatic posts for security upgrades.
          (2) Significant security deficiencies at United States 
        diplomatic posts that are not operating out of a new embassy 
        compound or new consulate compound.

SEC. 210. OVERSEAS SECURITY BRIEFINGS.

  Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall revise the Foreign Affairs Manual to stipulate that 
information on the current threat environment shall be provided to all 
U.S. Government employees under chief of mission authority traveling to 
a foreign country on official business. To the extent practicable, such 
material shall be provided to such employees prior to their arrival at 
a United States diplomatic post or as soon as possible thereafter.

SEC. 211. CONTRACTING METHODS IN CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION.

  (a) Delivery.--Unless the Secretary notifies the appropriate 
congressional committees that the use of the design-build project 
delivery method would not be appropriate, the Secretary shall make use 
of such method at United States diplomatic posts that have not yet 
received design or capital construction contracts as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
  (b) Notification.--Before executing a contract for a delivery method 
other than design-build in accordance with subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall notify the appropriate congressional committees in 
writing of the decision, including the reasons therefor. The 
notification required by this subsection may be included in any other 
report regarding a new United States diplomatic post that is required 
to be submitted to the appropriate congressional committees.
  (c) Performance Evaluation.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall report to the 
appropriate congressional committees regarding performance evaluation 
measures in accordance with GAO's ``Standards for Internal Control in 
the Federal Government'' that will be applicable to design and 
construction, lifecycle cost, and building maintenance programs of the 
Bureau of Overseas Building Operations of the Department.

SEC. 212. COMPETITION IN EMBASSY CONSTRUCTION.

  Not later than 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committee a 
report detailing steps the Department is taking to expand the embassy 
construction contractor base in order to increase competition and 
maximize value.

SEC. 213. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

  It is the policy of the United States that the Bureau of Overseas 
Building Operations of the Department or its successor office shall 
continue to balance functionality and security with accessibility, as 
defined by guidelines established by the United States Access Board in 
constructing embassies and consulates, and shall ensure compliance with 
the Architectural Barriers Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4151 et seq.) to the 
fullest extent possible.

SEC. 214. DEFINITIONS.

  In this title:
          (1) Design-build.--The term ``design-build'' means a method 
        of project delivery in which one entity works under a single 
        contract with the Department to provide design and construction 
        services.
          (2) Non-standard design.--The term ``non-standard design'' 
        means a design for a new embassy compound project or new 
        consulate compound project that does not utilize a standardized 
        design for the structural, spatial, or security requirements of 
        such embassy compound or consulate compound, as the case may 
        be.

                      TITLE III--PERSONNEL ISSUES

SEC. 301. DEFENSE BASE ACT INSURANCE WAIVERS.

  (a) Application for Waivers.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall apply to the 
Department of Labor for a waiver from insurance requirements under the 
Defense Base Act (42 U.S.C. 1651 et seq.) for all countries with 
respect to which the requirement was waived prior to January 2017, and 
for which there is not currently a waiver.
  (b) Certification Requirement.--Not later than 45 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall certify to the 
appropriate congressional committees that the requirement in subsection 
(a) has been met.

SEC. 302. STUDY ON FOREIGN SERVICE ALLOWANCES.

  (a) Report Required.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report detailing an 
        empirical analysis on the effect of overseas allowances on the 
        foreign assignment of Foreign Service officers (FSOs), to be 
        conducted by a federally funded research and development center 
        with appropriate expertise in labor economics and military 
        compensation.
          (2) Contents.--The analysis required under paragraph (1) 
        shall----
                  (A) identify all allowances paid to FSOs assigned 
                permanently or on temporary duty to foreign areas;
                  (B) examine the efficiency of the Foreign Service 
                bidding system in determining foreign assignments;
                  (C) examine the factors that incentivize FSOs to bid 
                on particular assignments, including danger levels and 
                hardship conditions;
                  (D) examine the Department's strategy and process for 
                incentivizing FSOs to bid on assignments that are 
                historically in lower demand, including with monetary 
                compensation, and whether monetary compensation is 
                necessary for assignments in higher demand;
                  (E) make any relevant comparisons to military 
                compensation and allowances, noting which allowances 
                are shared or based on the same regulations;
                  (F) recommend options for restructuring allowances to 
                improve the efficiency of the assignments system and 
                better align FSO incentives with the needs of the 
                Foreign Service, including any cost savings associated 
                with such restructuring;
                  (G) recommend any statutory changes necessary to 
                implement subparagraph (F), such as consolidating 
                existing legal authorities for the provision of 
                hardship and danger pay; and
                  (H) detail any effects of recommendations made 
                pursuant to subparagraphs (F) and (G) on other U.S. 
                Government departments and agencies with civilian 
                employees permanently assigned or on temporary duty in 
                foreign areas, following consultation with such 
                departments and agencies.
  (b) Briefing Requirement.--Before initiating the analysis required 
under subsection (a)(1), and not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the Committee 
on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs 
in the House of Representatives a briefing on the implementation of 
this section that includes the following:
          (1) The name of the federally funded research and development 
        center that will conduct such analysis.
          (2) The scope of such analysis and terms of reference for 
        such analysis as specified between the Department and such 
        federally funded research and development center.
  (c) Availability of Information.----
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall make available to the 
        federally funded research and development center carrying out 
        the analysis required under subsection (a)(1) all necessary and 
        relevant information to allow such center to conduct such 
        analysis in a quantitative and analytical manner, including 
        historical data on the number of bids for each foreign 
        assignment and any survey data collected by the Department from 
        eligible bidders on their bid decisionmaking.
          (2) Cooperation.--The Secretary shall work with the heads of 
        other relevant U.S. Government departments and agencies to 
        ensure such departments and agencies provide all necessary and 
        relevant information to the federally funded research and 
        development center carrying out the analysis required under 
        subsection (a)(1).
  (d) Interim Report to Congress.--The Secretary shall require that the 
chief executive officer of the federally funded research and 
development center that carries out the analysis required under 
subsection (a)(1) submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives an interim report on such analysis not later than 120 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 303. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FELLOWSHIPS.

  Section 504 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 
1979 (22 U.S.C. 2656d) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new subsection:
  ``(e) Grants and Cooperative Agreements Related to Science and 
Technology Fellowship Programs.----
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to make grants 
        or enter into cooperative agreements related to Department of 
        State science and technology fellowship programs, including for 
        assistance in recruiting fellows and the payment of stipends, 
        travel, and other appropriate expenses to fellows.
          ``(2) Exclusion from consideration as compensation.--Stipends 
        under paragraph (1) shall not be considered compensation for 
        purposes of section 209 of title 18, United States Code.
          ``(3) Maximum annual amount.--The total amount of grants made 
        pursuant to this subsection may not exceed $500,000 in any 
        fiscal year.''.

SEC. 304. TRAVEL FOR SEPARATED FAMILIES.

  Section 901(15) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
4081(15)) is amended----
          (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``1 
        round-trip per year for each child below age 21 of a member of 
        the Service assigned abroad'' and inserting ``in the case of 
        one or more children below age 21 of a member of the Service 
        assigned abroad, 1 round-trip per year'';
          (2) in subparagraph (A)----
                  (A) by inserting ``for each child'' before ``to visit 
                the member abroad''; and
                  (B) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a comma;
          (3) in subparagraph (B)----
                  (A) by inserting ``for each child'' before ``to visit 
                the other parent''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``or'' after ``resides,'';
          (4) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
        subparagraph:
                  ``(C) for one of the child's parents to visit the 
                child or children abroad if the child or children do 
                not regularly reside with that parent and that parent 
                is not receiving an education allowance or educational 
                travel allowance for the child or children under 
                section 5924(4) of title 5, United States Code,''; and
          (5) in the matter following subparagraph (C), as added by 
        paragraph (4) of this section, by striking ``a payment'' and 
        inserting ``the cost of round-trip travel''.

SEC. 305. HOME LEAVE TRAVEL FOR SEPARATED FAMILIES.

  Section 903(b) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4083(b)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``In cases 
in which the family members of a member of the Service reside apart 
from the member at authorized locations outside the United States 
because they are prevented by official order from residing with the 
member at post, the member may take the leave ordered under this 
section where that member's family members reside, notwithstanding 
section 6305 of title 5, United States Code.''.

SEC. 306. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING CERTAIN FELLOWSHIP PROGRAMS.

  It is the sense of Congress that----
          (1) Department fellowships that promote the employment of 
        candidates belonging to under-represented groups, including the 
        Charles B. Rangel International Affairs Graduate Fellowship 
        Program, the Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellowship 
        Program, and the Donald M. Payne International Development 
        Fellowship Program, represent smart investments vital for 
        building a strong, capable, and representative national 
        security work force; and
          (2) the Secretary of State and the Administrator of the 
        United States Agency for International Development should 
        fulfill the terms of their fellowship agreements with each 
        participant in the Fellowship Programs referred to in paragraph 
        (1), as specified in the original contractual agreements with 
        each such participant.

SEC. 307. TECHNICAL CORRECTION.

  Subparagraph (A) of section 601(c)(6) of the Foreign Service Act of 
1980 (22 U.S.C. 4001(c)(6)) is amended, in the matter preceding clause 
(i), by----
          (1) striking ``promotion'' and inserting ``promotion, on or 
        after January 1, 2017,''; and
          (2) striking ``individual joining the Service on or after 
        January 1, 2017,'' and inserting ``Foreign Service officer, 
        appointed under section 302(a)(1), who has general 
        responsibility for carrying out the functions of the Service''.

SEC. 308. FOREIGN SERVICE AWARDS.

  (a) In General.--Section 614 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4013) is amended----
          (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows: 
        ``Department Awards''; and
          (2) in the first sentence, by inserting ``or Civil Service'' 
        after ``the Service''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--The item relating to section 614 in the 
table of contents of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 is amended to read 
as follows:



``Sec. 614. Department awards.''.


SEC. 309. DIPLOMATIC PROGRAMS.

  (a) Sense of Congress on Workforce Recruitment.--It is the sense of 
Congress that the Secretary should continue to hold entry-level classes 
for Foreign Service officers and specialists and continue to recruit 
civil servants through programs such as the Presidential Management 
Fellows Program and Pathways Internship Programs in a manner and at a 
frequency consistent with prior years and consistent with the need to 
maintain a pool of experienced personnel effectively distributed across 
skill codes and ranks. It is further the sense of Congress that absent 
continuous recruitment and training of Foreign Service officers and 
civil servants, the Department will lack experienced, qualified 
personnel in the short, medium, and long terms.
  (b) Limitation.--The Secretary may not obligate or expend any amounts 
for any reduction-in-force action under section 3502 or 3595 of title 
5, United States Code, or for any incentive payments for early 
separation or retirement under any other provision of law unless----
          (1) the appropriate congressional committees are notified not 
        less than 15 days in advance of such obligation or expenditure; 
        and
          (2) the Secretary has provided to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a detailed report that describes the 
        Department's strategic staffing goals, including----
                  (A) a justification that describes how any proposed 
                work force reduction enhances the effectiveness of the 
                Department;
                  (B) a certification that such work force reduction is 
                in the national interest of the United States;
                  (C) a comprehensive strategic staffing plan for the 
                Department, including 5-year work force forecasting and 
                a description of the anticipated impact of any proposed 
                work force reduction; and
                  (D) a dataset displaying comprehensive work force 
                data for all current and planned employees of the 
                Department, disaggregated by----
                          (i) Foreign Service officer and Foreign 
                        Service specialist rank;
                          (ii) civil service job skill code, grade 
                        level, and bureau of assignment;
                          (iii) contracted employees, including the 
                        equivalent job skill code and bureau of 
                        assignment; and
                          (iv) employees hired under schedule C of 
                        subpart C of part 213 of title 5, Code of 
                        Federal Regulations, including their equivalent 
                        grade and job skill code and bureau of 
                        assignment.

SEC. 310. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING VETERANS EMPLOYMENT AT THE 
                    DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

  It is the sense of Congress that----
          (1) the Department should continue to promote the employment 
        of veterans, in accordance with section 301 of the Foreign 
        Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3941), as amended by section 405 
        of this Act, including those veterans belonging to 
        traditionally underrepresented groups at the Department;
          (2) veterans employed by the Department have made significant 
        contributions to United States foreign policy in a variety of 
        regional and global affairs bureaus and diplomatic posts 
        overseas; and
          (3) the Department should continue to encourage veteran 
        employment and facilitate their participation in the work 
        force.

SEC. 311. EMPLOYEE ASSIGNMENT RESTRICTIONS AND PRECLUSIONS.

  (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Department should expand the appeal process it makes available to 
employees related to assignment preclusions and restrictions.
  (b) Appeal of Assignment Restriction or Preclusion.--Section 
502(a)(2) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3982(a)(2)), as 
amended by section 111 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new sentences: ``Any employee subjected to an 
assignment restriction or preclusion shall have the same appeal rights 
as provided by the Department regarding denial or revocation of a 
security clearance. Any such appeal shall be resolved not later than 60 
days after such appeal is filed.''.
  (c) Notice and Certification.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise, and certify 
to the appropriate congressional committees regarding such revision, 
the Foreign Affairs Manual guidance regarding denial or revocation of a 
security clearance to expressly State that all review and appeal rights 
relating thereto shall also apply to any recommendation or decision to 
impose an assignment restriction or preclusion to an employee.

SEC. 312. RECALL AND REEMPLOYMENT OF CAREER MEMBERS.

  (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that----
          (1) career Department employees provide invaluable service to 
        the United States as nonpartisan professionals who contribute 
        subject matter expertise and professional skills to the 
        successful development and execution of United States foreign 
        policy; and
          (2) re-employment of skilled former members of the Foreign 
        and civil service who have voluntarily separated from the 
        Foreign or civil service due to family reasons or to obtain 
        professional skills outside government is of benefit to the 
        Department.
  (b) Reemployment.--Subsection (b) of section 308 of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3948) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new sentence: ``Former career tenured members of the 
Service seeking reappointment, if separated for other than cause for up 
to 3 years prior to the date of the enactment of this sentence, shall 
be eligible to participate in the regular assignment bidding process 
without restriction and shall not be required to accept a directed 
first assignment upon reappointment.''.
  (c) Notice of Employment Opportunities.----
          (1) In general.--Title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
        inserting after chapter 102 the following new chapter:

  ``CHAPTER 103--NOTICE OF EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
                       STATE AND USAID POSITIONS

``Sec. 10301. Notice of Employment Opportunities for Department of 
                    State and USAID positions

  ``To ensure that individuals who have separated from the Department 
of State or the United States Agency for International Development and 
who are eligible for reappointment are aware of such opportunities, the 
Department of State and the United States Agency for International 
Development shall publicize notice of all employment opportunities, 
including positions for which the relevant agency is accepting 
applications from individuals within the agency's work force under 
merit promotion procedures, on publicly accessible sites, including 
www.usajobs.gov. If using merit promotion procedures, the notice shall 
expressly State that former employees eligible for reinStatement may 
apply.''.
          (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections for subpart I 
        of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
        the following:



``10301. Notice of employment opportunities for Department of State and 
USAID positions''.



  (d) Recall.--Subsection (a) of section 308 of the Foreign Service Act 
of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3948) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(a) Whenever the Secretary determines that the needs of the 
Department so require, the Secretary may recall any retired or 
voluntarily separated career member of the Service, or any retired or 
voluntarily separated career employee of the civil service (within the 
meaning of section 315.201 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations (or 
successor section)), for active duty in the same personnel category as 
such member or employee was serving at the time of retirement or 
voluntary separation. A recalled retired or voluntarily separated 
career member of the Service or retired or voluntarily separated career 
employee of the civil service may not be recalled to a salary class 
higher than the one in which such member or employee was serving at the 
time of retirement or voluntary separation, unless appointed to such 
higher class by the President, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate.''.

SEC. 313. STRATEGIC STAFFING PLAN FOR THE DEPARTMENT.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a comprehensive 5-year strategic staffing plan 
for the Department that is aligned with and furthers the objectives of 
the National Security Strategy of the United States of America issued 
in December 2017, or any subsequent strategy issued not later than 18 
months after the date of the enactment of this Act, which shall include 
the following:
          (1) A dataset displaying comprehensive work force data, 
        including all shortages in bureaus described in GAO report GAO-
        19-220, for all current and planned employees of the 
        Department, disaggregated by----
                  (A) Foreign Service officer and Foreign Service 
                specialist rank;
                  (B) civil service job skill code, grade level, and 
                bureau of assignment;
                  (C) contracted employees, including the equivalent 
                job skill code and bureau of assignment; and
                  (D) employees hired under schedule C of subpart C of 
                part 213 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, 
                including the equivalent grade and job skill code and 
                bureau of assignment of such employee.
          (2) Recommendations on the number of Foreign Service officers 
        disaggregated by service cone that should be posted at each 
        United States diplomatic post and in the District of Columbia, 
        with a detailed basis for such recommendations.
          (3) Recommendations on the number of civil service officers 
        that should be employed by the Department, with a detailed 
        basis for such recommendations.
  (b) Maintenance.--The dataset required under subsection (a)(1) shall 
be maintained and updated on a regular basis.
  (c) Consultation.--The Secretary shall lead the development of the 
plan required under subsection (a) but may consult or partner with 
private sector entities with expertise in labor economics, management, 
or human resources, as well as organizations familiar with the demands 
and needs of the Department's work force.
  (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report regarding root causes of Foreign 
Service and civil service shortages, the effect of such shortages on 
national security objectives, and the Department's plan to implement 
recommendations described in GAO-19-220.

SEC. 314. CONSULTING SERVICES.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 103 of title 5, United States Code, as added 
by section 313 of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``Sec. 10302. Consulting services for the Department of State

  ``Any consulting service obtained by the Department of State through 
procurement contract pursuant to section 3109 of title 5, United States 
Code, shall be limited to those contracts with respect to which 
expenditures are a matter of public record and available for public 
inspection, except if otherwise provided under existing law, or under 
existing executive order issued pursuant to existing law.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for subpart I of title 
5, United States Code, is amended by adding after the item relating to 
section 10302 the following new item:



``10302. Consulting services for the Department of State''.


SEC. 315. INCENTIVES FOR CRITICAL POSTS.

  Section 1115(d) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009 (Public 
Law 111-32) is amended by striking the last sentence.

SEC. 316. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN ACCOUNTABILITY REVIEW 
                    BOARDS.

  Section 301(a)(3) of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 4831(a)(3)) is amended----
          (1) in the heading, by striking ``afghanistan and'' and 
        inserting ``afghanistan, yemen, syria, and''; and
          (2) in subparagraph (A)----
                  (A) in clause (i), by striking ``Afghanistan or'' and 
                inserting ``Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria, or''; and
                  (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``beginning on 
                October 1, 2005, and ending on September 30, 2009'' and 
                inserting ``beginning on October 1, 2019, and ending on 
                September 30, 2022''.

SEC. 317. FOREIGN SERVICE SUSPENSION WITHOUT PAY.

  Subsection (c) of section 610 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4010) is amended----
          (1) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``suspend'' and inserting ``indefinitely 
        suspend without duties'';
          (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (7);
          (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraphs:
  ``(5) Any member of the Service suspended from duties under this 
subsection may be suspended without pay only after a final written 
decision is provided to such member under paragraph (2).
  ``(6) If no final written decision under paragraph (2) has been 
provided within one calendar year of the date the suspension at issue 
was proposed, not later than 30 days thereafter the Secretary of State 
shall report to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate in 
writing regarding the specific reasons for such delay.''; and
          (4) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated----
                  (A) by striking ``(7) In this subsection:'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(a) The term'' 
                and inserting the following:
  ``(7) In this subsection, the term'';
                  (C) by striking subparagraph (B) (relating to the 
                definition of ``suspend'' and ``suspension''); and
                  (D) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively; and moving 
                such subparagraphs two ems to the left.

SEC. 318. FOREIGN AFFAIRS MANUAL AND FOREIGN AFFAIRS HANDBOOK CHANGES.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and every 180 days thereafter for 5 years, the 
Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report detailing all changes made to the Foreign Affairs Manual or the 
Foreign Affairs Handbook.
  (b) Covered Periods.--The first report required under subsection (a) 
shall cover the 5-year period preceding the submission of such report. 
Each subsequent report shall cover the 180 day period preceding 
submission.
  (c) Contents.--Each report required under subsection (a) shall 
contain the following:
          (1) The location within the Foreign Affairs Manual or the 
        Foreign Affairs Handbook where a change has been made.
          (2) The statutory basis for each such change.
          (3) A side-by-side comparison of the Foreign Affairs Manual 
        or Foreign Affairs Handbook before and after such change.
          (4) A summary of such changes displayed in spreadsheet form.

SEC. 319. WAIVER AUTHORITY FOR INDIVIDUAL OCCUPATIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF 
                    CERTAIN POSITIONS.

  The Secretary of State may waive any or all of the individual 
occupational requirements with respect to an employee or prospective 
employee of the Department of State for a civilian position categorized 
under the GS-0130 occupational series if the Secretary determines that 
the individual possesses significant scientific, technological, 
engineering, or mathematical expertise that is integral to performing 
the duties of the applicable position, based on demonstrated job 
performance and qualifying experience. With respect to each waiver 
granted under this subsection, the Secretary shall set forth in a 
written document that is transmitted to the Director of the Office of 
Personnel Management the rationale for the decision of the Secretary to 
waive such requirements .

SEC. 320. STANDARDIZING DEPARTMENT PARENTAL LEAVE POLICIES.

  (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to----
          (1) afford every employee at the Department equal access to 
        leave and workplace flexibilities for childbirth, adoption, and 
        foster care;
          (2) encourage the Department to work toward a parental leave 
        policy that will help recruit and retain a dynamic, multi-
        talented, and diverse work force capable of meeting the 
        national security and foreign policy goals of the United 
        States; and
          (3) determine the impacts of flexible leave policies on 
        recruitment and retention rates.
  (b) Establishing Standard Parental Leave Policies.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish and 
        implement a standard parental leave policy applicable to 
        Department employees across all bureaus and offices within the 
        Department and Missions abroad. Nothing in this section shall 
        be construed to provide any new category of leave not otherwise 
        provided by law.
          (2) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report describing----
                  (A) the steps taken to implement the policy required 
                under paragraph (1) across all bureaus and offices 
                within the Department and Missions abroad; and
                  (B) any costs associated with such policy.

SEC. 321. APPOINTMENT OF EMPLOYEES TO THE GLOBAL ENGAGEMENT CENTER.

  The Secretary may appoint, for a 3-year period that may be extended 
for up to an additional 2 years, solely to carry out the functions of 
the Global Engagement Center, employees of the Department without 
regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing 
appointment in the competitive service, and may fix the basic 
compensation of such employees without regard to chapter 51 and 
subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title.

SEC. 322. REST AND RECUPERATION AND OVERSEAS OPERATIONS LEAVE FOR 
                    FEDERAL EMPLOYEES.

  (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 63 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
sections:

``Sec. 6329d. Rest and recuperation leave

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section----
          ``(1) the term `agency' means an Executive agency (as that 
        term is defined in section 105), but does not include the 
        Government Accountability Office;
          ``(2) the term `combat zone' means a geographic area 
        designated by an Executive Order of the President as an area in 
        which the Armed Forces are engaging or have engaged in combat, 
        an area designated by law to be treated as a combat zone, or a 
        location the Department of Defense has certified for combat 
        zone tax benefits due to its direct support of military 
        operations;
          ``(3) the term `employee' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 6301;
          ``(4) the term `high risk, high threat post' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 104 of the Omnibus Diplomatic 
        Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 4803); and
          ``(5) the term `leave year' means the period beginning on the 
        first day of the first complete pay period in a calendar year 
        and ending on the day immediately before the first day of the 
        first complete pay period in the following calendar year.
  ``(b) Leave for Rest and Recuperation.--The head of an agency may 
prescribe regulations to grant up to 20 days of paid leave, per leave 
year, for the purposes of rest and recuperation to an employee of the 
agency serving in a combat zone, any other high risk, high threat post, 
or any other location presenting significant security or operational 
challenges.
  ``(c) Discretionary Authority of Agency Head.--Use of the authority 
under subsection (b) is at the sole and exclusive discretion of the 
head of the agency concerned.
  ``(d) Records.--An agency shall record leave provided under this 
section separately from leave authorized under any other provision of 
law.

``Sec. 6329e. Overseas operations leave

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section----
          ``(1) the term `agency' means an Executive agency (as that 
        term is defined in section 105), but does not include the 
        Government Accountability Office;
          ``(2) the term `employee' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 6301; and
          ``(3) the term `leave year' means the period beginning with 
        the first day of the first complete pay period in a calendar 
        year and ending with the day immediately before the first day 
        of the first complete pay period in the following calendar 
        year.
  ``(b) Leave for Overseas Operations.--The head of an agency may 
prescribe regulations to grant up to 10 days of paid leave, per leave 
year, to an employee of the agency serving abroad where the conduct of 
business could pose potential security or safety related risks or would 
be inconsistent with host-country practice. Such regulations may 
provide that additional leave days may be granted during such leave 
year if the head of the agency determines that to do so is necessary to 
advance the national security or foreign policy interests of the United 
States.
  ``(c) Discretionary Authority of Agency Head.--Use of the authority 
under subsection (b) is at the sole and exclusive discretion of the 
head of the agency concerned.
  ``(d) Records.--An agency shall record leave provided under this 
section separately from leave authorized under any other provision of 
law.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendments.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
6329c the following new items:



``6329d. Rest and recuperation leave.
``6329e. Overseas operations leave.''.


  TITLE IV--A DIVERSE WORKFORCE: RECRUITMENT, RETENTION, AND PROMOTION

SEC. 401. DEFINITIONS.

  In this title:
          (1) Applicant flow data.--The term ``applicant flow data'' 
        means data that tracks the rate of applications for job 
        positions among demographic categories.
          (2) Demographic data.--The term ``demographic data'' means 
        facts or statistics relating to the demographic categories 
        specified in the Office of Management and Budget statistical 
        policy directive entitled ``Standards for Maintaining, 
        Collecting, and Presenting Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity'' 
        (81 Fed. Reg. 67398).
          (3) Diversity.--The term ``diversity'' means those classes of 
        persons protected under the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 
        2000a et seq.) and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 
        (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.).
          (4) Workforce.--The term ``workforce'' means----
                  (A) individuals serving in a position in the civil 
                service (as defined in section 2101 of title 5, United 
                States Code);
                  (B) individuals who are members of the Foreign 
                Service (as defined in section 103 of the Foreign 
                Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3902));
                  (C) all individuals serving under a personal services 
                agreement or personal services contract;
                  (D) all individuals serving under a Foreign Service 
                Limited appointment under section 309 of the Foreign 
                Service Act of 1980; or
                  (E) individuals working in the Department of State 
                under any other authority.

SEC. 402. COLLECTION, ANALYSIS, AND DISSEMINATION OF WORKFORCE DATA.

  (a) Initial Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall, in consultation with the 
Director of the Office of Personnel Management and the Director of the 
Office of Management and Budget, submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report, which shall also be posted on a 
publicly available website of the Department in a searchable data base 
format, that includes disaggregated demographic data and other 
information regarding the diversity of the work force of the 
Department.
  (b) Data.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following data:
          (1) Demographic data on each element of the work force of the 
        Department, disaggregated by rank and grade or grade-
        equivalent, with respect to the following groups:
                  (A) Applicants for positions in the Department.
                  (B) Individuals hired to join the work force.
                  (C) Individuals promoted during the 2-year period 
                ending on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                including promotions to and within the Senior Executive 
                Service or the Senior Foreign Service.
                  (D) Individuals serving on applicable selection 
                boards.
                  (E) Members of any external advisory committee or 
                board who are subject to appointment by individuals at 
                senior positions in the Department.
                  (F) Individuals participating in professional 
                development programs of the Department, and the extent 
                to which such participants have been placed into senior 
                positions within the Department after such 
                participation.
                  (G) Individuals participating in mentorship or 
                retention programs.
                  (H) Individuals who separated from the agency during 
                the 2-year period ending on the date of the enactment 
                of this Act, including individuals in the Senior 
                Executive Service or the Senior Foreign Service.
          (2) An assessment of agency compliance with the essential 
        elements identified in Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 
        Management Directive 715, effective October 1, 2003.
          (3) Data on the overall number of individuals who are part of 
        the work force, the percentages of such work force 
        corresponding to each element listed in section 401(4), and the 
        percentages corresponding to each rank, grade, or grade-
        equivalent.
  (c) Recommendation.--The Secretary may include in the report under 
subsection (a) a recommendation to the Director of Office of Management 
and Budget and to the appropriate congressional committees regarding 
whether the Department should collect more detailed data on demographic 
categories in addition to the race and ethnicity categories specified 
in the Office of Management and Budget statistical policy directive 
entitled ``Standards for Maintaining, Collecting, and Presenting 
Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity'' (81 Fed. Reg. 67398).
  (d) Other Contents.--The report under subsection (a) shall also 
describe and assess the effectiveness of the efforts of the 
Department----
          (1) to propagate fairness, impartiality, and inclusion in the 
        work environment, both domestically and abroad;
          (2) to enforce anti-harassment and anti-discrimination 
        policies, both domestically and at posts overseas;
          (3) to refrain from engaging in unlawful discrimination in 
        any phase of the employment process, including recruitment, 
        hiring, evaluation, assignments, promotion, retention, and 
        training;
          (4) to prevent illegal retaliation against employees for 
        participating in a protected equal employment opportunity 
        activity or for reporting sexual harassment or sexual assault;
          (5) to provide reasonable accommodation for qualified 
        employees and applicants with disabilities; and
          (6) to recruit a representative work force by----
                  (A) recruiting women and minorities;
                  (B) recruiting at women's colleges, historically 
                Black colleges and universities, minority-serving 
                institutions, and other institutions serving a 
                significant percentage of minority students;
                  (C) placing job advertisements in newspapers, 
                magazines, and job sites oriented toward women and 
                minorities;
                  (D) sponsoring and recruiting at job fairs in urban 
                and rural communities and land-grant colleges or 
                universities;
                  (E) providing opportunities through the Foreign 
                Service Internship Program under chapter 12 of the 
                Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4141 et seq.) 
                and other hiring initiatives;
                  (F) recruiting mid-level and senior-level 
                professionals through programs designed to increase 
                minority representation in international affairs;
                  (G) offering the Foreign Service written and oral 
                assessment examinations in several locations throughout 
                the United States to reduce the burden of applicants 
                having to travel at their own expense to take either or 
                both such examinations; and
                  (H) support recruiting and hiring opportunities 
                through----
                          (i) the Charles B. Rangel International 
                        Affairs Fellowship Program;
                          (ii) the Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs 
                        Fellowship Program;
                          (iii) the Donald M. Payne International 
                        Development Fellowship Program; and
                          (iv) other initiatives, including agency-wide 
                        policy initiatives.
  (e) Annual Updates.--Not later than 1 year after the publication of 
the report required under subsection (a) and annually thereafter for 
the following 5 years, the Secretary shall work with the Director of 
the Office of Personnel Management and the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget to provide a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees, which shall be posted on the Department's 
website, which may be included in another annual report required under 
another provision of law, that includes----
          (1) disaggregated demographic data relating to the work force 
        and information on the status of diversity and inclusion 
        efforts of the Department;
          (2) an analysis of applicant flow data; and
          (3) disaggregated demographic data relating to participants 
        in professional development programs of the Department and the 
        rate of placement into senior positions for participants in 
        such programs.

SEC. 403. EXIT INTERVIEWS FOR WORKFORCE.

  (a) Retained Members.--The Director General of the Foreign Service 
and the Director of Human Resources of the Department should conduct 
periodic interviews with a representative and diverse cross-section of 
the work force of the Department----
          (1) to understand the reasons of individuals in such work 
        force for remaining in a position in the Department; and
          (2) to receive feedback on workplace policies, professional 
        development opportunities, and other issues affecting the 
        decision of individuals in the work force to remain in the 
        Department.
  (b) Departing Members.--The Director General of the Foreign Service 
and the Director of Human Resources shall provide an opportunity for an 
exit interview to each individual in the work force of the Department 
who separates from service with the Department to better understand the 
reasons of such individual for leaving such service.
  (c) Use of Analysis From Interviews.--The Director General of the 
Foreign Service and the Director of Human Resources shall analyze 
demographic data and other information obtained through interviews 
under subsections (a) and (b) to determine----
          (1) to what extent, if any, the diversity of those 
        participating in such interviews impacts the results; and
          (2) whether to implement any policy changes or include any 
        recommendations in a report required under subsection (a) or 
        (e) of section 402 relating to the determination reached 
        pursuant to paragraph (1).
  (d) Tracking Data.--The Department shall----
          (1) track demographic data relating to participants in 
        professional development programs and the rate of placement 
        into senior positions for participants in such programs;
          (2) annually evaluate such data----
                  (A) to identify ways to improve outreach and 
                recruitment for such programs, consistent with merit 
                system principles; and
                  (B) to understand the extent to which participation 
                in any professional development program offered or 
                sponsored by the Department differs among the 
                demographic categories of the work force; and
          (3) actively encourage participation from a range of 
        demographic categories, especially from categories with 
        consistently low participation, in such professional 
        development programs.

SEC. 404. RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary should----
          (1) continue to seek a diverse and talented pool of 
        applicants; and
          (2) instruct the Director General of the Foreign Service and 
        the Director of the Bureau of Human Resources of the Department 
        to have a recruitment plan of action for the recruitment of 
        people belonging to traditionally under-represented groups, 
        which should include outreach at appropriate colleges, 
        universities, affinity groups, and professional associations.
  (b) Scope.--The diversity recruitment initiatives described in 
subsection (a) should include----
          (1) recruiting at women's colleges, historically Black 
        colleges and universities, minority-serving institutions, and 
        other institutions serving a significant percentage of minority 
        students;
          (2) placing job advertisements in newspapers, magazines, and 
        job sites oriented toward diverse groups;
          (3) sponsoring and recruiting at job fairs in urban and rural 
        communities and land-grant colleges or universities;
          (4) providing opportunities through highly respected, 
        international leadership programs, that focus on diversity 
        recruitment and retention; and
          (5) cultivating partnerships with organizations dedicated to 
        the advancement of the profession of international affairs and 
        national security to advance shared diversity goals.
  (c) Expand Training on Anti-harassment and Anti-discrimination.----
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall, through the Foreign 
        Service Institute and other educational and training 
        opportunities----
                  (A) ensure the provision of training on anti-
                harassment and anti-discrimination information and 
                policies to all individuals in the work force;
                  (B) expand the provision of training on workplace 
                rights and responsibilities to focus on anti-harassment 
                and anti-discrimination information and policies, 
                including policies relating to sexual assault 
                prevention and response; and
                  (C) make such expanded training mandatory for----
                          (i) individuals in senior and supervisory 
                        positions;
                          (ii) individuals having responsibilities 
                        related to recruitment, retention, or promotion 
                        of employees; and
                          (iii) any other individual determined by the 
                        Department who needs such training based on 
                        analysis by the Department or OPM analysis.
          (2) Best practices.--The Department shall give special 
        attention to ensuring the continuous incorporation of research-
        based best practices in training provided under this 
        subsection.

SEC. 405. LEADERSHIP ENGAGEMENT AND ACCOUNTABILITY.

  (a) Reward and Recognize Efforts to Promote Diversity and 
Inclusion.----
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall implement performance 
        and advancement requirements that reward and recognize the 
        efforts of individuals in senior positions and supervisors in 
        the Department in fostering an inclusive environment and 
        cultivating talent consistent with merit system principles, 
        such as through participation in mentoring programs or 
        sponsorship initiatives, recruitment events, and other similar 
        opportunities.
          (2) Outreach events.--The Secretary shall create 
        opportunities for individuals in senior positions and 
        supervisors in the Department to participate in outreach events 
        and to discuss issues relating to diversity and inclusion with 
        the work force on a regular basis, including with employee 
        resource groups.
  (b) External Advisory Committees and Boards.--For each external 
advisory committee or board to which individuals in senior positions in 
the Department appoint members, the Secretary is strongly encouraged by 
Congress to ensure such external advisory committee or board is 
developed, reviewed, and carried out by qualified teams that represent 
the diversity of the organization.

SEC. 406. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES AND TOOLS.

  (a) Expand Provision of Professional Development and Career 
Advancement Opportunities.----
          (1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to expand 
        professional development opportunities that support the mission 
        needs of the Department, such as----
                  (A) academic programs;
                  (B) private-public exchanges; and
                  (C) detail assignments to relevant positions in----
                          (i) private or international organizations;
                          (ii) State, local, and Tribal governments;
                          (iii) other branches of the Federal 
                        Government; or
                          (iv) professional schools of international 
                        affairs.
          (2) Training for senior positions.----
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall offer, or 
                sponsor members of the work force to participate in, a 
                Senior Executive Service candidate development program 
                or other program that trains members on the skills 
                required for appointment to senior positions in the 
                Department.
                  (B) Requirements.--In determining which members of 
                the work force are granted professional development or 
                career advancement opportunities under subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary shall----
                          (i) ensure any program offered or sponsored 
                        by the Department under such subparagraph 
                        comports with the requirements of subpart C of 
                        part 412 of title 5, Code of Federal 
                        Regulations, or any successor thereto, 
                        including merit staffing and assessment 
                        requirements;
                          (ii) consider the number of expected 
                        vacancies in senior positions as a factor in 
                        determining the number of candidates to select 
                        for such programs;
                          (iii) understand how participation in any 
                        program offered or sponsored by the Department 
                        under such subparagraph differs by gender, 
                        race, national origin, disability status, or 
                        other demographic categories; and
                          (iv) actively encourage participation from a 
                        range of demographic categories, especially 
                        from categories with consistently low 
                        participation.

SEC. 407. EXAMINATION AND ORAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE FOREIGN SERVICE.

  (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Department should offer both the Foreign Service written examination 
and oral assessment in more locations throughout the United States. 
Doing so would ease the financial burden on potential candidates who do 
not currently reside in and must travel at their own expense to one of 
the few locations where these assessments are offered.
  (b) Foreign Service Examinations.--Section 301(b) of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3941) is amended----
          (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting: ``(1) The 
        Secretary''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that the Board of Examiners for the 
Foreign Service annually offers the oral assessment examinations 
described in paragraph (1) in cities, chosen on a rotating basis, 
located in at least three different time zones across the United 
States.''.

SEC. 408. PAYNE FELLOWSHIP AUTHORIZATION.

  (a) In General.--Undergraduate and graduate components of the Donald 
M. Payne International Development Fellowship Program may conduct 
outreach to attract outstanding students with an interest in pursuing a 
Foreign Service career who represent diverse ethnic and socioeconomic 
backgrounds.
  (b) Review of Past Programs.--The Secretary shall review past 
programs designed to increase minority representation in international 
affairs positions.

SEC. 409. VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION.

  (a) In General.--Nothing in this title should be construed so as to 
compel any employee to participate in the collection of the data or 
divulge any personal information. Department employees shall be 
informed that their participation in the data collection contemplated 
by this title is voluntary.
  (b) Privacy Protection.--Any data collected under this title shall be 
subject to the relevant privacy protection statutes and regulations 
applicable to Federal employees.

                     TITLE V--INFORMATION SECURITY

SEC. 501. DEFINITIONS.

  In this title:
          (1) Information system.--The term ``information system'' has 
        the meaning given such term in section 3502 of title 44, United 
        States Code.
          (2) Intelligence community.--The term ``intelligence 
        community'' has the meaning given such term in section 3(4) of 
        the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(4)).
          (3) Relevant congressional committees.--The term ``relevant 
        congressional committees'' means----
                  (A) the appropriate congressional committees;
                  (B) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
                Senate; and
                  (C) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
                the House of Representatives.

SEC. 502. INFORMATION SYSTEM SECURITY.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Incident.--The term ``incident'' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 3552(b) of title 44, United States Code.
          (2) Penetration test.--The term ``penetration test'' means a 
        test methodology in which assessors attempt to circumvent or 
        defeat the security features of an information system.
  (b) Consultations Process.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a process for 
conducting semiannual consultations with the Secretary of Defense, the 
Director of National Intelligence, the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
and any other department or agency representative who the Secretary 
determines to be appropriate regarding the security of U.S. Government 
and nongovernmental information systems used or operated by the 
Department, a contractor of the Department, or another organization on 
behalf of the Department, including any such systems or networks 
facilitating the use of sensitive or classified information.
  (c) Independent Penetration Testing of Information Systems.--In 
coordination with the consultations under subsection (b), the Secretary 
shall commission independent, semiannual penetration tests, which shall 
be carried out by an appropriate Federal department or agency other 
than the Department, such as the Department of Homeland Security or the 
National Security Agency, to ensure that adequate policies and 
protections are implemented to detect and prevent penetrations or 
compromises of such information systems, including malicious intrusions 
by any unauthorized individual, State actor, or other entity.
  (d) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the requirement under subsection 
(c) for up to 1 year if the Secretary----
          (1) determines that such requirement would have adverse 
        effects on national security or the diplomatic mission of the 
        Department; and
          (2) not later than 30 days after the commencement of such a 
        determination, submits to the relevant congressional committees 
        a written justification that describes how such penetration 
        tests would undermine national security or the diplomatic 
        mission of the Department.
  (e) Incident Reporting.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter for 3 years, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, the Director 
of the National Intelligence, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and 
any other department or agency representative who the Secretary 
determines to be appropriate, shall securely submit to the relevant 
congressional committees a classified report that describes in detail 
the following:
          (1) For the first reporting period, all known and suspected 
        incidents affecting the information systems specified in 
        subsection (b) that occurred during the 180-day period 
        immediately preceding the date of the enactment of this Act.
          (2) For all subsequent reporting periods, all known and 
        suspected incidents affecting the information systems specified 
        in subsection (b) that occurred since the submission of the 
        most recent report.
  (f) Contents.--Each report under subsection (e) shall include, for 
the relevant reporting period, a summary overview addressing the 
following:
          (1) A description of the relevant information system, as 
        specified in subsection (b), that experienced a known or 
        suspected incident.
          (2) An assessment of the date and time each such incident 
        occurred or was suspected to have occurred.
          (3) An assessment of the duration over which each such 
        incident took place or is suspected of having taken place, 
        including whether such incident is ongoing.
          (4) An assessment of the volume and sensitivity of 
        information accessed, compromised, or potentially compromised 
        by each incident, including any such information contained on 
        information systems owned, operated, managed, or utilized by 
        any other Federal department or agency.
          (5) An assessment of whether such information system was 
        compromised by such incident, including an assessment of the 
        following:
                  (A) The known or suspected perpetrators, including 
                State actors.
                  (B) The methods used to carry out the incident.
                  (C) The known or suspected intent of the actors in 
                accessing the information system.
          (6) A description of the actions the Department has taken or 
        plans to take, including timelines and descriptions of any 
        progress on plans described in prior reports, to prevent 
        future, similar incidents affecting such information systems.

SEC. 503. PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTING WITH CERTAIN TELECOMMUNICATIONS 
                    PROVIDERS.

  (a) List of Covered Contractors.--Not later than 30 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with 
the Director of National Intelligence, shall develop or maintain, as 
the case may be, and update as frequently as the Secretary determines 
appropriate, a list of covered contractors with respect to which the 
prohibition specified in subsection (b) shall apply. Not later than 30 
days after the initial development of the list under this subsection, 
any update thereto, and annually thereafter for 5 years after such 
initial 30 day period, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a copy of such list.
  (b) Prohibition on Contracts.--The Secretary may not enter into a 
contract with a covered contractor on the list described in subsection 
(a).
  (c) Removal From List.--To be removed from the list described in 
subsection (a), a covered contractor may submit a request to the 
Secretary in such manner as the Secretary determines appropriate. The 
Secretary, in consultation with the Director of National Intelligence, 
shall determine a process for removing covered contractors from the 
list, as appropriate, and publicly disclose such process.
  (d) Waivers.----
          (1) In general.--The President or the Secretary may waive the 
        prohibition specified in subsection (b) if the President or the 
        Secretary determines that such waiver is justified for national 
        security reasons.
          (2) Waiver for overseas operations.--The Secretary may waive 
        the prohibition specified in subsection (b) for United States 
        diplomatic posts or diplomatic personnel overseas if the 
        Secretary, in consultation with the Director of National 
        Intelligence, determines that no suitable alternatives are 
        available.
  (e) Covered Contractor Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
contractor'' means a provider of telecommunications, telecommunications 
equipment, or information technology equipment, including hardware, 
software, or services, that has knowingly assisted or facilitated a 
cyber attack or conducted surveillance, including passive or active 
monitoring, carried out against----
          (1) the United States by, or on behalf of, any government, or 
        persons associated with such government, listed as a cyber 
        threat actor in the intelligence community's 2017 assessment of 
        worldwide threats to United States national security or any 
        subsequent worldwide threat assessment of the intelligence 
        community; or
          (2) individuals, including activists, journalists, opposition 
        politicians, or other individuals for the purposes of 
        suppressing dissent or intimidating critics, on behalf of a 
        country included in the annual country reports on human rights 
        practices of the Department for systematic acts of political 
        repression, including arbitrary arrest or detention, torture, 
        extrajudicial or politically motivated killing, or other gross 
        violations of human rights.
  (f) Effective Date.--This section shall apply with respect to 
contracts of a covered contractor entered into on or after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 504. PRESERVING RECORDS OF ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS CONDUCTED 
                    RELATED TO OFFICIAL DUTIES OF POSITIONS IN THE 
                    PUBLIC TRUST OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.

  (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, as a matter 
of rule of law and transparency in a democratic government, all 
officers and employees of the Department and the United States Agency 
for International Development must preserve all records of 
communications conducted in their official capacities or related to 
their official duties with entities outside of the U.S. Government. It 
is further the sense of Congress that such practice should include 
foreign government officials or other foreign entities which may seek 
to influence U.S. Government policies and actions.
  (b) Publication.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish in the Foreign 
Affairs Manual guidance implementing chapter 31 of title 44, United 
States Code (commonly referred to as the ``Federal Records Act''), to 
treat electronic messaging systems, software, and applications as 
equivalent to electronic mail for the purpose of identifying Federal 
records, and shall also publish in the Foreign Affairs Manual the 
statutory penalties for failure to comply with such guidance. No funds 
are authorized to be appropriated or made available to the Department 
of State under any Act to support the use or establishment of accounts 
on third-party messaging applications or other non-Government online 
communication tools if the Secretary does not certify to the relevant 
congressional committees that the Secretary has carried out this 
section.

SEC. 505. FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES (FRUS) SERIES AND 
                    DECLASSIFICATION.

  The State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 is amended----
          (1) in section 401(c) (22 U.S.C. 4351(c)), by striking ``30'' 
        and inserting ``25'';
          (2) in section 402(a)(2) (22 U.S.C. 4352(a)(2)), by striking 
        ``26'' and inserting ``20''; and
          (3) in section 404 (22 U.S.C. 4354)----
                  (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``30''and 
                inserting ``25''; and
                  (B) in subsection (c)(1)(C), by striking ``30'' and 
                inserting ``25''.

SEC. 506. VULNERABILITY DISCLOSURE POLICY AND BUG BOUNTY PILOT PROGRAM.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Bug bounty program.--The term ``bug bounty program'' 
        means a program under which an approved individual, 
        organization, or company is temporarily authorized to identify 
        and report vulnerabilities of internet-facing information 
        technology of the Department in exchange for compensation.
          (2) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the Department 
        of State.
          (3) Information technology.--The term ``information 
        technology'' has the meaning given such term in section 11101 
        of title 40, United States Code.
          (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        State.
  (b) Department of State Vulnerability Disclosure Process.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall design, 
        establish, and make publicly known a Vulnerability Disclosure 
        Process (VDP) to improve Department cybersecurity by----
                  (A) providing security researchers with clear 
                guidelines for----
                          (i) conducting vulnerability discovery 
                        activities directed at Department information 
                        technology; and
                          (ii) submitting discovered security 
                        vulnerabilities to the Department; and
                  (B) creating Department procedures and infrastructure 
                to receive and fix discovered vulnerabilities.
          (2) Requirements.--In establishing the VDP pursuant to 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall----
                  (A) identify which Department information technology 
                should be included in the process;
                  (B) determine whether the process should 
                differentiate among and specify the types of security 
                vulnerabilities that may be targeted;
                  (C) provide a readily available means of reporting 
                discovered security vulnerabilities and the form in 
                which such vulnerabilities should be reported;
                  (D) identify which Department offices and positions 
                will be responsible for receiving, prioritizing, and 
                addressing security vulnerability disclosure reports;
                  (E) consult with the Attorney General regarding how 
                to ensure that individuals, organizations, and 
                companies that comply with the requirements of the 
                process are protected from prosecution under section 
                1030 of title 18, United States Code, and similar 
                provisions of law for specific activities authorized 
                under the process;
                  (F) consult with the relevant offices at the 
                Department of Defense that were responsible for 
                launching the 2016 Vulnerability Disclosure Program, 
                ``Hack the Pentagon'', and subsequent Department of 
                Defense bug bounty programs;
                  (G) engage qualified interested persons, including 
                nongovernmental sector representatives, about the 
                structure of the process as constructive and to the 
                extent practicable; and
                  (H) award contracts to entities, as necessary, to 
                manage the process and implement the remediation of 
                discovered security vulnerabilities.
          (3) Annual reports.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        establishment of the VDP under paragraph (1) and annually 
        thereafter for the next 6 years, the Secretary of State shall 
        submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate a report on the VDP, including information relating to 
        the following:
                  (A) The number and severity, in accordance with the 
                National Vulnerabilities Data base of the National 
                Institute of Standards and Technology, of security 
                vulnerabilities reported.
                  (B) The number of previously unidentified security 
                vulnerabilities remediated as a result.
                  (C) The current number of outstanding previously 
                unidentified security vulnerabilities and Department of 
                State remediation plans.
                  (D) The average length of time between the reporting 
                of security vulnerabilities and remediation of such 
                vulnerabilities.
                  (E) The resources, surge staffing, roles, and 
                responsibilities within the Department used to 
                implement the VDP and complete security vulnerability 
                remediation.
                  (F) Any other information the Secretary determines 
                relevant.
  (c) Department of State Bug Bounty Pilot Program.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a bug 
        bounty pilot program to minimize security vulnerabilities of 
        internet-facing information technology of the Department.
          (2) Requirements.--In establishing the pilot program 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall----
                  (A) provide compensation for reports of previously 
                unidentified security vulnerabilities within the 
                websites, applications, and other internet-facing 
                information technology of the Department that are 
                accessible to the public;
                  (B) award contracts to entities, as necessary, to 
                manage such pilot program and for executing the 
                remediation of security vulnerabilities identified 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A);
                  (C) identify which Department information technology 
                should be included in such pilot program;
                  (D) consult with the Attorney General on how to 
                ensure that individuals, organizations, or companies 
                that comply with the requirements of such pilot program 
                are protected from prosecution under section 1030 of 
                title 18, United States Code, and similar provisions of 
                law for specific activities authorized under such pilot 
                program;
                  (E) consult with the relevant offices at the 
                Department of Defense that were responsible for 
                launching the 2016 ``Hack the Pentagon'' pilot program 
                and subsequent Department of Defense bug bounty 
                programs;
                  (F) develop a process by which an approved 
                individual, organization, or company can register with 
                the entity referred to in subparagraph (B), submit to a 
                background check as determined by the Department, and 
                receive a determination as to eligibility for 
                participation in such pilot program;
                  (G) engage qualified interested persons, including 
                nongovernmental sector representatives, about the 
                structure of such pilot program as constructive and to 
                the extent practicable; and
                  (H) consult with relevant U.S. Government officials 
                to ensure that such pilot program complements 
                persistent network and vulnerability scans of the 
                Department of State's internet-accessible systems, such 
                as the scans conducted pursuant to Binding Operational 
                Directive BOD-15-01.
          (3) Duration.--The pilot program established under paragraph 
        (1) should be short-term in duration and not last longer than 1 
        year.
          (4) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date on which 
        the bug bounty pilot program under subsection (a) is completed, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Foreign 
        Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
        the House of Representatives a report on such pilot program, 
        including information relating to----
                  (A) the number of approved individuals, 
                organizations, or companies involved in such pilot 
                program, broken down by the number of approved 
                individuals, organizations, or companies that----
                          (i) registered;
                          (ii) were approved;
                          (iii) submitted security vulnerabilities; and
                          (iv) received compensation;
                  (B) the number and severity, in accordance with the 
                National Vulnerabilities Data base of the National 
                Institute of Standards and Technology, of security 
                vulnerabilities reported as part of such pilot program;
                  (C) the number of previously unidentified security 
                vulnerabilities remediated as a result of such pilot 
                program;
                  (D) the current number of outstanding previously 
                unidentified security vulnerabilities and Department 
                remediation plans;
                  (E) the average length of time between the reporting 
                of security vulnerabilities and remediation of such 
                vulnerabilities;
                  (F) the types of compensation provided under such 
                pilot program; and
                  (G) the lessons learned from such pilot program.

                       TITLE VI--PUBLIC DIPLOMACY

SEC. 601. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Public Diplomacy Modernization Act 
of 2019''.

SEC. 602. AVOIDING DUPLICATION OF PROGRAMS AND EFFORTS.

  The Secretary shall----
          (1) identify opportunities for greater efficiency of 
        operations, including through improved coordination of efforts 
        across public diplomacy bureaus and offices of the Department; 
        and
          (2) maximize shared use of resources between, and within, 
        such public diplomacy bureaus and offices in cases in which 
        programs, facilities, or administrative functions are 
        duplicative or substantially overlapping.

SEC. 603. IMPROVING RESEARCH AND EVALUATION OF PUBLIC DIPLOMACY.

  (a) Research and Evaluation Activities.--The Secretary, acting 
through the Director of Research and Evaluation appointed pursuant to 
subsection (b), shall----
          (1) conduct regular research and evaluation of public 
        diplomacy programs and activities of the Department, including 
        through the routine use of audience research, digital 
        analytics, and impact evaluations, to plan and execute such 
        programs and activities; and
          (2) make available to Congress the findings of the research 
        and evaluations conducted under paragraph (1).
  (b) Director of Research and Evaluation.----
          (1) Appointment.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall appoint a 
        Director of Research and Evaluation (referred to in this 
        subsection as the ``Director'') in the Office of Policy, 
        Planning, and Resources for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs 
        of the Department.
          (2) Limitation on appointment.--The appointment of the 
        Director pursuant to paragraph (1) shall not result in an 
        increase in the overall full-time equivalent positions within 
        the Department.
          (3) Responsibilities.--The Director shall----
                  (A) report to the Director of Policy Planning of the 
                Office of Policy, Planning, and Resources for Public 
                Diplomacy and Public Affairs of the Department;
                  (B) coordinate and oversee the research and 
                evaluation of public diplomacy programs and activities 
                of the Department to----
                          (i) improve public diplomacy strategies and 
                        tactics; and
                          (ii) ensure that such programs and activities 
                        are increasing the knowledge, understanding, 
                        and trust of the United States by relevant 
                        target audiences;
                  (C) routinely organize and oversee audience research, 
                digital analytics, and impact evaluations across all 
                public diplomacy bureaus and offices of the Department;
                  (D) support United States diplomatic posts' public 
                affairs sections;
                  (E) share appropriate public diplomacy research and 
                evaluation information within the Department and with 
                other appropriate Federal departments and agencies;
                  (F) regularly design and coordinate standardized 
                research questions, methodologies, and procedures to 
                ensure that public diplomacy programs and activities 
                across all public diplomacy bureaus and offices are 
                designed to meet appropriate foreign policy objectives; 
                and
                  (G) report biannually to the United States Advisory 
                Commission on Public Diplomacy, through the 
                Subcommittee on Research and Evaluation established 
                pursuant to subsection (f), regarding the research and 
                evaluation of all public diplomacy bureaus and offices.
          (4) Guidance and training.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        appointment of the Director pursuant to paragraph (1), the 
        Director shall develop guidance and training, including 
        curriculum for use by the Foreign Service Institute, for all 
        public diplomacy officers of the Department regarding the 
        reading and interpretation of public diplomacy program and 
        activity evaluation findings to ensure that such findings and 
        related lessons learned are implemented in the planning and 
        evaluation of all public diplomacy programs and activities of 
        the Department.
  (c) Prioritizing Research and Evaluation.----
          (1) In general.--The Director of Policy Planning of the 
        Office of Policy, Planning, and Resources for Public Diplomacy 
        and Public Affairs of the Department shall ensure that research 
        and evaluation of public diplomacy and activities of the 
        Department, as coordinated and overseen by the Director 
        pursuant to subsection (b), supports strategic planning and 
        resource allocation across all public diplomacy bureaus and 
        offices of the Department.
          (2) Allocation of resources.--Amounts allocated for the 
        purpose of research and evaluation of public diplomacy programs 
        and activities of the Department pursuant to subsection (b) 
        shall be made available to be disbursed at the direction of the 
        Director among the research and evaluation staff across all 
        public diplomacy bureaus and offices of the Department.
          (3) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
        Department should gradually increase its allocation of funds 
        made available under the headings ``Educational and Cultural 
        Exchange Programs'' and ``Diplomatic Programs'' for research 
        and evaluation of public diplomacy programs and activities of 
        the Department pursuant to subsection (b) to a percentage of 
        program funds that is commensurate with Federal Government best 
        practices.
  (d) Limited Exemption Relating to the Paperwork Reduction Act.--
Chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code (commonly known as the 
``Paperwork Reduction Act'') shall not apply to the collection of 
information directed at any individuals conducted by, or on behalf of, 
the Department for the purpose of audience research, monitoring, and 
evaluations, and in connection with the Department's activities 
conducted pursuant to any of the following:
          (1) The United States Information and Educational Exchange 
        Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1431 et seq.).
          (2) The Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 
        (22 U.S.C. 2451 et seq.).
          (3) Section 1287 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 22 U.S.C. 2656 note).
          (4) The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et 
        seq.).
  (e) Limited Exemption Relating to the Privacy Act.----
          (1) In general.--The Department shall maintain, collect, use, 
        and disseminate records (as such term is defined in section 
        552a(a)(4) of title 5, United States Code) for audience 
        research, digital analytics, and impact evaluation of 
        communications related to public diplomacy efforts intended for 
        foreign audiences.
          (2) Conditions.--Audience research, digital analytics, and 
        impact evaluations under paragraph (1) shall be----
                  (A) reasonably tailored to meet the purposes of this 
                subsection; and
                  (B) carried out with due regard for privacy and civil 
                liberties guidance and oversight.
  (f) United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.----
          (1) Subcommittee for research and evaluation.--The United 
        States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy shall establish 
        a Subcommittee on Research and Evaluation to monitor and advise 
        regarding audience research, digital analytics, and impact 
        evaluations carried out by the Department and the United States 
        Agency for Global Media.
          (2) Annual report.--The Subcommittee on Research and 
        Evaluation established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall submit 
        to the appropriate congressional committees an annual report, 
        in conjunction with the United States Advisory Commission on 
        Public Diplomacy's Comprehensive Annual Report on the 
        performance of the Department and the United States Agency for 
        Global Media, describing all actions taken by the Subcommittee 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) and any findings made as a result of 
        such actions.

SEC. 604. PERMANENT REAUTHORIZATION OF THE UNITED STATES ADVISORY 
                    COMMISSION ON PUBLIC DIPLOMACY.

  Section 1334 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 
1998 (22 U.S.C. 6553) is amended----
          (1) in the section heading, by striking ``sunset'' and 
        inserting ``continuation''; and
          (2) by striking ``until October 1, 2020''.

SEC. 605. STREAMLINING OF SUPPORT FUNCTIONS.

  (a) Working Group Established.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a working 
group to explore the possibilities and cost-benefit analysis of 
transitioning to a shared services model as such pertains to human 
resources, travel, purchasing, budgetary planning, and all other 
executive support functions for all bureaus of the Department that 
report to the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy of the Department.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a plan to implement any such findings of the working group 
established under subsection (a).

SEC. 606. GUIDANCE FOR CLOSURE OF PUBLIC DIPLOMACY FACILITIES.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall adopt, and include 
in the Foreign Affairs Manual, guidelines to collect and utilize 
information from each diplomatic post at which the construction of a 
new embassy compound or new consulate compound would result in the 
closure or co-location of an American Space, American Center, American 
Corner, or any other public diplomacy facility under the Secure Embassy 
Construction and Counterterrorism Act of 1999 (22 U.S.C. 4865 et seq.).
  (b) Requirements.--The guidelines required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
          (1) Standardized notification to each chief of mission at a 
        diplomatic post describing the requirements of the Secure 
        Embassy Construction and Counterterrorism Act of 1999 and the 
        impact on the mission footprint of such requirements.
          (2) An assessment and recommendations from each chief of 
        mission of potential impacts to public diplomacy programming at 
        such diplomatic post if any public diplomacy facility referred 
        to in subsection (a) is closed or staff is co-located in 
        accordance with such Act.
          (3) A process by which assessments and recommendations under 
        paragraph (2) are considered by the Secretary and the 
        appropriate Under Secretaries and Assistant Secretaries of the 
        Department.
          (4) Notification to the appropriate congressional committees, 
        prior to the initiation of a new embassy compound or new 
        consulate compound design, of the intent to close any such 
        public diplomacy facility or co-locate public diplomacy staff 
        in accordance with such Act.
  (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report containing the guidelines required under subsection 
(a) and any recommendations for any modifications to such guidelines.

SEC. 607. DEFINITIONS.

  In this title:
          (1) Audience research.--The term ``audience research'' means 
        research conducted at the outset of a public diplomacy program 
        or the outset of campaign planning and design regarding 
        specific audience segments to understand the attitudes, 
        interests, knowledge, and behaviors of such audience segments.
          (2) Digital analytics.--The term ``digital analytics'' means 
        the analysis of qualitative and quantitative data, accumulated 
        in digital format, to indicate the outputs and outcomes of a 
        public diplomacy program or campaign.
          (3) Impact evaluation.--The term ``impact evaluation'' means 
        an assessment of the changes in the audience targeted by a 
        public diplomacy program or campaign that can be attributed to 
        such program or campaign.
          (4) Public diplomacy bureaus and offices.--The term ``public 
        diplomacy bureaus and offices'' means, with respect to the 
        Department, the following:
                  (A) The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.
                  (B) The Bureau of Global Public Affairs.
                  (C) The Office of Policy, Planning, and Resources for 
                Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs.
                  (D) The Global Engagement Center.
                  (E) The public diplomacy functions within the 
                regional and functional bureaus.

                 TITLE VII--COMBATING PUBLIC CORRUPTION

SEC. 701. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

  It is the sense of Congress that----
          (1) it is in the foreign policy interest of the United States 
        to help foreign countries promote good governance and combat 
        public corruption;
          (2) multiple Federal departments and agencies operate 
        programs that promote good governance in foreign countries and 
        enhance such countries' ability to combat public corruption;
          (3) the Department should promote coordination among the 
        Federal departments and agencies implementing programs to 
        promote good governance and combat public corruption in foreign 
        countries in order to improve effectiveness and efficiency; and
          (4) the Department should identify areas in which United 
        States efforts to help other countries promote good governance 
        and combat public corruption could be enhanced.

SEC. 702. ANNUAL ASSESSMENT.

  (a) In General.--For each of fiscal years 2020 through 2026, the 
Secretary shall assess the capacity and commitment of foreign countries 
to combat public corruption. Each such assessment shall----
          (1) utilize independent, third party indicators that measure 
        transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public 
        sector in such countries, including the extent to which public 
        power is exercised for private gain, to identify those 
        countries that are most vulnerable to public corruption;
          (2) consider, to the extent reliable information is 
        available, whether the government of a country identified under 
        paragraph (1)----
                  (A) has adopted measures to prevent public 
                corruption, such as measures to inform and educate the 
                public, including potential victims, about the causes 
                and consequences of public corruption;
                  (B) has enacted laws and established government 
                structures, policies, and practices that prohibit 
                public corruption;
                  (C) enforces such laws through a fair judicial 
                process;
                  (D) vigorously investigates, prosecutes, convicts, 
                and sentences public officials who participate in or 
                facilitate public corruption, including nationals of 
                such country who are deployed in foreign military 
                assignments, trade delegations abroad, or other similar 
                missions who engage in or facilitate public corruption;
                  (E) prescribes appropriate punishment for serious, 
                significant corruption that is commensurate with the 
                punishment prescribed for serious crimes;
                  (F) prescribes appropriate punishment for significant 
                corruption that provides a sufficiently stringent 
                deterrent and adequately reflects the nature of the 
                offense;
                  (G) convicts and sentences persons responsible for 
                such acts that take place wholly or partly within the 
                country of such government, including, as appropriate, 
                requiring the incarceration of individuals convicted of 
                such acts;
                  (H) holds private sector representatives accountable 
                for their role in public corruption; and
                  (I) addresses threats for civil society to monitor 
                anti-corruption efforts; and
          (3) further consider----
                  (A) verifiable measures taken by the government of a 
                country identified under paragraph (1) to prohibit 
                government officials from participating in, 
                facilitating, or condoning public corruption, including 
                the investigation, prosecution, and conviction of such 
                officials;
                  (B) the extent to which such government provides 
                access, or, as appropriate, makes adequate resources 
                available, to civil society organizations and other 
                institutions to combat public corruption, including 
                reporting, investigating, and monitoring;
                  (C) the extent to which an independent judiciary or 
                judicial body in such country is responsible for, and 
                effectively capable of, deciding public corruption 
                cases impartially, on the basis of facts and in 
                accordance with law, without any improper restrictions, 
                influences, inducements, pressures, threats, or 
                interferences, whether direct or indirect, from any 
                source or for any reason;
                  (D) the extent to which such government cooperates 
                meaningfully with the United States to strengthen 
                government and judicial institutions and the rule of 
                law to prevent, prohibit, and punish public corruption;
                  (E) the extent to which such government----
                          (i) is assisting in international 
                        investigations of transnational public 
                        corruption networks and in other cooperative 
                        efforts to combat serious, significant 
                        corruption, including cooperating with the 
                        governments of other countries to extradite 
                        corrupt actors;
                          (ii) recognizes the rights of victims of 
                        public corruption, ensures their access to 
                        justice, and takes steps to prevent such 
                        victims from being further victimized or 
                        persecuted by corrupt actors, government 
                        officials, or others; and
                          (iii) refrains from prosecuting legitimate 
                        victims of public corruption or whistleblowers 
                        due to such persons having assisted in exposing 
                        public corruption, and refrains from other 
                        discriminatory treatment of such persons; and
                  (F) contain such other information relating to public 
                corruption as the Secretary considers appropriate.
  (b) Identification.--After conducting each assessment under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall identify the countries described in 
paragraph (1) of such subsection that are----
          (1) meeting minimum standards to combat public corruption;
          (2) not meeting such minimum standards but making significant 
        efforts to do so; and
          (3) neither meeting such minimum standards nor making 
        significant efforts to do so.
  (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act and annually thereafter through Fiscal Year 2026, the 
Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and 
make publicly available a report that identifies the countries 
described in subsection (a)(1) and paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection 
(b), including a description of the methodology and data utilized in 
the assessments under subsection (a) and the reasons for such 
identifications.
  (d) Briefing in Lieu of Report.--The Secretary may waive the 
requirement to submit and make publicly available a written report 
under subsection (c) if the Secretary----
          (1) determines that publication of such report would----
                  (A) undermine existing United States anti-corruption 
                efforts in one or more countries; or
                  (B) threaten the national interests of the United 
                States; and
          (2) provides a briefing to the appropriate congressional 
        committees that identifies the countries described in 
        subsection (a)(1) and paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (b), 
        including a description of the methodology and data utilized in 
        the assessment under subsection (a) and the reasons for such 
        identifications.

SEC. 703. TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY.

  For each country identified under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 
702(b), the Secretary, in coordination with the Administrator of the 
United States Agency for International Development, as appropriate, 
shall----
          (1) ensure that a corruption risk assessment and mitigation 
        strategy is included in the integrated country strategy for 
        such country; and
          (2) utilize appropriate mechanisms to combat corruption in 
        such countries, including by ensuring----
                  (A) the inclusion of anti-corruption clauses in 
                contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements entered 
                into by the Department or the Agency for or in such 
                countries, which allow for the termination of such 
                contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements, as the 
                case may be, without penalty if credible indicators of 
                public corruption are discovered;
                  (B) the inclusion of appropriate clawback or flowdown 
                clauses within the procurement instruments of the 
                Department and the Agency that provide for the recovery 
                of funds misappropriated through corruption;
                  (C) the appropriate disclosure to the U.S. 
                Government, in confidential form, if necessary, of the 
                beneficial ownership of contractors, subcontractors, 
                grantees, cooperative agreement participants, and other 
                organizations implementing programs on behalf of the 
                Department or Agency; and
                  (D) the establishment of mechanisms for investigating 
                allegations of misappropriated resources and equipment.

SEC. 704. DESIGNATION OF EMBASSY ANTI-CORRUPTION POINTS OF CONTACT.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall annually designate an anti-
corruption point of contact at the United States diplomatic post to 
each country identified under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 702(b), 
or which the Secretary otherwise determines is in need of such a point 
of contact.
  (b) Responsibilities.--Each designated anti-corruption point of 
contact under subsection (a) shall be responsible for coordinating and 
overseeing implementation of a whole-of-government approach among the 
relevant Federal departments and agencies that operate programs that 
promote good governance in foreign countries and enhance such 
countries' ability to combat public corruption in order to accomplish 
such objectives in the country to which such point of contact is 
posted, including through the development and implementation of 
corruption risk assessment tools and mitigation strategies.
  (c) Training.--The Secretary shall implement appropriate training for 
designated anti-corruption points of contact under subsection (a).

SEC. 705. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) Annual Report.----
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall, for each of fiscal 
        years 2020 through 2026, submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report on implementation of this 
        title, including a description of the following:
                  (A) The offices within the Department and the United 
                States Agency for International Development that are 
                engaging in significant anti-corruption activities.
                  (B) The findings and actions of designated anti-
                corruption points of contact to develop and implement 
                risk mitigation strategies and ensure compliance with 
                section 703.
                  (C) The training implemented under section 704(c).
                  (D) Management of the whole-of-government effort 
                referred to in section 704(b) to combat corruption 
                within the countries identified in section 702 and 
                efforts to improve coordination across Federal 
                departments and agencies.
                  (E) The risk assessment tools and mitigation 
                strategies utilized by the Department and the Agency.
                  (F) Other information determined by the Secretary to 
                be necessary and appropriate.
          (2) Form of report.--Each report under this subsection shall 
        be submitted in an unclassified format but may include a 
        classified annex.
  (b) Online Platform.--The Secretary shall consolidate existing 
reports with anti-corruption components into one online, public 
platform, which should----
          (1) include----
                  (A) the annual Country Reports on Human Rights 
                Practices;
                  (B) the annual Fiscal Transparency Report;
                  (C) the annual Investment Climate Statements;
                  (D) the annual International Narcotics Control 
                Strategy Report;
                  (E) the Country Scorecards of the Millennium 
                Challenge Corporation; and
                  (F) any other relevant public reports; and
          (2) link to third-party indicators and compliance mechanisms 
        used by the U.S. Government to inform policy and programming, 
        such as----
                  (A) the International Finance Corporation's Doing 
                Business surveys;
                  (B) the International Budget Partnership's Open 
                Budget Index; and
                  (C) multilateral peer review anti-corruption 
                compliance mechanisms, such as the Organization for 
                Economic Co-operation and Development's Working Group 
                on Bribery in International Business Transactions and 
                the United Nations Convention Against Corruption, done 
                at New York October 31, 2003, to further highlight 
                expert international views on country challenges and 
                country efforts.
  (c) Training.--The Secretary and the Administrator of the United 
States Agency for International Development shall incorporate anti-
corruption components into existing Foreign Service and Civil Service 
training courses to----
          (1) increase the ability of Department and Agency personnel 
        to support anti-corruption as a foreign policy priority; and
          (2) strengthen the ability of such personnel to design, 
        implement, and evaluate more effective anti-corruption 
        programming around the world, including enhancing skills to 
        better evaluate and mitigate public corruption risks in 
        assistance programs.

SEC. 706. FOREIGN INVESTMENTS AND NATIONAL SECURITY.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and biennially thereafter for the following 6 
years, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the 
Treasury, the Director of National Intelligence, and the heads of other 
agencies, as appropriate, shall submit to Congress an interagency 
strategy to work with foreign governments and multilateral institutions 
to guard against the risks of certain transactions involving foreign 
investments.
  (b) Contents.--Each interagency strategy under paragraph (1) shall 
include plans relating to the following:
          (1) Information sharing with foreign governments and 
        multilateral institutions regarding risks associated with 
        potential foreign investments.
          (2) Promoting American and other alternatives to foreign 
        investments identified as presenting substantial risk to the 
        national security or sovereignty of a country.
          (3) Providing technical assistance to foreign governments or 
        multilateral institutions regarding screening foreign 
        investments.
          (4) Designating points of contact at each United States 
        mission to foreign governments and multilateral institutions, 
        and in associated regional bureaus, to coordinate efforts 
        described in this paragraph.
  (c) Coordination.--If the Secretary determines such is appropriate, 
the designated points of contact referred to in subsection (b)(4) may 
be the same individual designated under section 704(a).

         TITLE VIII--MATTERS RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

SEC. 801. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``International Security Assistance 
Act of 2019''.

SEC. 802. SECURITY ASSISTANCE DEFINED.

  In this title, the term ``security assistance'' means----
          (1) assistance under chapter 8 (relating to international 
        narcotics control) of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961;
          (2) assistance under chapter 2 (military assistance), chapter 
        5 (international military education and training), chapter 6 
        (peacekeeping operations), chapter 8 (antiterrorism 
        assistance), and chapter 9 (nonproliferation and export control 
        assistance) of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961;
          (3) assistance under section 23 of the Arms Export Control 
        Act (relating to the Foreign Military Financing program); and
          (4) sales of defense articles or defense services, extensions 
        of credits (including participations in credits), and 
        guaranties of loans under the Arms Export Control Act.

           Subtitle A--Reform Relating to Security Assistance

SEC. 811. ORGANIZATIONAL REFORM.

  (a) Working Group.----
          (1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a Working 
        Group on matters relating to security assistance (in this 
        subtitle referred to as the ``Working Group'').
          (2) Membership.----
                  (A) In general.--The Working Group shall be composed 
                of----
                          (i) the Deputy Secretary of State; and
                          (ii) each Under Secretary of State 
                        responsible for matters relating to security 
                        assistance.
                  (B) Chair.--The Deputy Secretary shall serve as the 
                chair of the Working Group.
          (3) Meetings.--The Working Group shall meet not later than 90 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act and on a 
        quarterly basis thereafter.
          (4) Duties.--The duties of the Working Group shall include--
        --
                  (A) within the Department and across United States 
                diplomatic posts----
                          (i) providing strategic policy guidance on 
                        objectives and priorities for security 
                        assistance;
                          (ii) ensuring strategic integration of 
                        budgets and planning for security assistance; 
                        and
                          (iii) advising the Secretary on all budgets, 
                        programs, and activities for security 
                        assistance; and
                  (B) overseeing Department of State coordination with 
                the Secretary of Defense, the Administrator of the 
                United States Agency for International Development 
                (USAID), and the heads of other relevant Federal 
                departments and agencies on all matters relating to 
                security assistance.
  (b) Office of Security Assistance.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall designate an 
        existing office or establish a new office to be the Office of 
        Security Assistance (in this subtitle referred to as the 
        ``Office''), which shall report to an Under Secretary who is a 
        member of the Working Group.
          (2) Coordinator.--The head of the Office shall be the 
        Coordinator for Security Assistance (in this subtitle referred 
        to as the ``Coordinator''), who shall be an individual of 
        demonstrated competency in the fields of security assistance 
        and international diplomacy.
          (3) Duties.--The duties of the Coordinator shall include----
                  (A) within the Department and across United States 
                diplomatic posts----
                          (i) guiding and supporting security 
                        assistance;
                          (ii) advising the Working Group on all 
                        matters relating to security assistance;
                          (iii) establishing the framework described in 
                        section 813(a);
                          (iv) coordinating the assessment, monitoring, 
                        and evaluation program established under 
                        section 813(c); and
                          (v) maintaining the common data base 
                        described in section 814(a); and
                  (B) acting as a Department of State point of contact 
                with the Department of Defense, the United States 
                Agency for International Development (USAID), and other 
                relevant Federal departments and agencies on all 
                matters relating to security assistance.
  (c) Coordination Within Department.----
          (1) Designation.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, and subject to paragraph (2), the head 
        of each bureau of the Department that is involved in directing 
        or implementing security assistance shall designate an officer 
        of such bureau to be responsible for coordinating the 
        responsibilities of such bureau with respect to security 
        assistance.
          (2) Non-eligibility.--An officer of a bureau of the 
        Department shall not be eligible to be designated pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) if the officer is responsible for conducting 
        human rights vetting pursuant to 620M of the Foreign Assistance 
        Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2378d).
          (3) Training.--Each individual designated pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall successfully complete the training 
        described in section 812.
  (d) Coordination Within United States Diplomatic Posts.----
          (1) Designation.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the chief of mission of the United 
        States in a foreign country that receives security assistance 
        shall designate a senior diplomatic officer at the embassy or 
        highest ranking diplomatic post if no embassy exists in the 
        foreign country to be responsible for coordinating security 
        assistance for the foreign country.
          (2) Duties.--The senior diplomatic officer designated 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be responsible for----
                  (A) overseeing personnel and activities of Federal 
                departments and agencies at the relevant embassy or 
                diplomatic post with respect to the provision of 
                security assistance for the country; and
                  (B) ensuring implementation of section 620M of the 
                Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2378d) and 
                section 362 of title 10, United States Code, with 
                respect to the country.
          (3) Training.--Each individual designated pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall successfully complete the training 
        described in section 812
  (e) Plan for Organizational Structure.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a plan for 
        the organizational structure of the Department relating to 
        security assistance programs.
          (2) Matters to be included.--The plan required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                  (A) An identification of each bureau and office of 
                the Department that carries out functions relating to 
                planning, coordination, integration, implementation, or 
                evaluation of security assistance, a description of the 
                organizational hierarchy and decisionmaking processes 
                used to coordinate across such bureaus and offices and 
                with United States diplomatic posts and other Federal 
                departments and agencies, and a description of how the 
                Working Group and the Coordinator will facilitate 
                coordination among each such bureau and office.
                  (B) A description of----
                          (i) the reasons for----
                                  (I) designating an existing office or 
                                establishing a new office to serve as 
                                the Office; and
                                  (II) selecting the Under Secretary to 
                                which the Office will report;
                          (ii) the organizational structure of the 
                        Office;
                          (iii) the specific mechanisms through which 
                        the Working Group and Coordinator could improve 
                        coordination among bureaus and offices of the 
                        Department involved in the planning or 
                        implementation of security assistance programs 
                        and activities; and
                          (iv) the process by which the requirement for 
                        training described in section 812 will be 
                        fulfilled.
                  (C) The benefits, feasibility, and steps necessary to 
                detail personnel----
                          (i) on a reimbursable basis from the relevant 
                        bureaus and offices of the Department to 
                        provide staff to the Office; and
                          (ii) from USAID, the Department of Defense, 
                        and other relevant Federal departments and 
                        agencies to provide staff to the Office.
                  (D) An identification of lessons learned from the 
                Security Governance Initiative (SGI), an assessment of 
                the utility of expanding the SGI or a similar 
                initiative globally, and a description of where best to 
                locate the SGI or similar initiative within the 
                Department.
                  (E) An identification of an appropriate bureau or 
                office of the Department, whose head does not report to 
                the Under Secretary described in subsection (b)(1), to 
                select and retain the independent research entity 
                described in section 813(c)(4).
                  (F) A list of recommendations for any additional 
                legislative measures necessary to improve the capacity 
                and capabilities of the Department to plan and 
                implement security assistance programs and activities.
          (3) Form.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex if necessary.
          (4) Consultation.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall consult with the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate regarding 
        the development and implementation of the plan required under 
        paragraph (1).

SEC. 812. WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT.

  Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall carry out the following:----
          (1) Establish curriculum at the Department's Foreign Service 
        Institute to provide employees of the Department of State with 
        specialized training with respect to security assistance. The 
        training should be aligned with the Security Cooperation 
        Workforce Development Program and developed in coordination 
        with the Defense Security Cooperation Agency, including through 
        an agreement under section 1535(a) of title 31, United States 
        Code (commonly referred to as the ``Economy Act'') or any other 
        appropriate agency-specific authority. The training shall 
        include the following:
                  (A) Awareness of the full range of agencies, offices, 
                personnel, statutory authorities, funds, and programs 
                involved in security assistance and transfers and the 
                respective decisionmaking timelines.
                  (B) Familiarity with relevant military and police 
                security force systems and structures and institutions 
                at the time such training is occurring.
                  (C) Familiarity with security assistance reform, 
                research regarding options for improvement, and United 
                States interagency and external resources and experts.
                  (D) Familiarity with planning, implementation, and 
                monitoring and evaluation for programmatic activities.
                  (E) Familiarity with implementation of----
                          (i) section 620M of the Foreign Assistance 
                        Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2378d) and section 362 
                        of title 10, United States Code;
                          (ii) arms transfer requirements under the 
                        Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et 
                        seq.); and
                          (iii) best practices related to human rights 
                        and civilian protection.
                  (F) Awareness of common risks to effectiveness of 
                security assistance, including corruption, political 
                instability, and challenges relating to absorptive 
                capacity, partner commitment, and transparency.
          (2) Coordinate with the Secretary of Defense, to the extent 
        feasible, to ensure that, in addition to the training described 
        paragraph (1), individuals who serve in priority recipient 
        countries or countries that do not meet baseline norms of 
        governance, as determined by the Under Secretary for purposes 
        of subsections (d)(1) and (d)(4) of section 813, obtain higher-
        level certification through the Defense Security Cooperation 
        Agency's Defense Institute of Security Cooperation Studies or 
        through a commensurate program developed at the Department's 
        Foreign Service Institute prior to serving at the United States 
        diplomatic post in such country.

SEC. 813. SECURITY ASSISTANCE PLANNING.

  (a) Framework and Standards for Security Assistance.--Not later than 
18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Coordinator 
shall create and submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate a framework to be used by relevant bureaus and diplomatic posts 
to guide regional and country-specific planning, such as joint regional 
strategies or integrated country strategies, with respect to security 
assistance. Such framework shall include the following:
          (1) Identification and prioritization of overall goals and 
        objectives for security assistance, in accordance with the 
        relevant National Security Strategy.
          (2) Criteria for----
                  (A) determining the commitment and political will of 
                countries receiving assistance to use such assistance 
                in a manner that achieves United States objectives;
                  (B) identifying opportunities and risks created by 
                the provision of security assistance; and
                  (C) tailoring and sequencing such assistance 
                accordingly.
          (3) Guidance for----
                  (A) incorporating the assessment, monitoring, and 
                evaluation program described in subsection (c) into the 
                strategic planning cycle;
                  (B) increasing coordination, as appropriate, with 
                other major international donors to maximize resources 
                and unity of efforts;
                  (C) aligning the security assistance programs, 
                projects, and activities of the Department with other 
                United States goals of engagement with foreign 
                countries, such as the promotion of democracy, human 
                rights, governance, and economic growth, as well as 
                with other United States assistance authorities, 
                resources, programmatic capabilities, and activities; 
                and
                  (D) assessing the impact on Department security 
                assistance objectives, programs, and activities of 
                United States military activities in the country or 
                region covered by country or regional strategy, 
                including the number of United States forces deployed, 
                the duration of deployment, the purpose for which they 
                were deployed, and the authority under which they are 
                operating.
          (4) Metrics for assessing the effectiveness of security 
        assistance in----
                  (A) increasing the operational access and influence 
                of the United States;
                  (B) improving partner capacity and commitment to 
                countering shared threats and increased burden sharing, 
                including in ways that enable reallocation of United 
                States military deployments to other high priority 
                missions;
                  (C) reducing the underlying drivers of State 
                fragility; and
                  (D) contributing to the maintenance of existing peace 
                treaties between recipients of assistance.
          (5) A process to ensure that transfers regulated by the 
        Department that are outside the scope of security assistance, 
        such as certain direct commercial sales, are factored into----
                  (A) the implementation of the assessment, monitoring, 
                and evaluation program described in subsection (c); and
                  (B) the planning process described in subsection (d).
  (b) Definitions Promulgated by the Working Group.--Not later than 18 
months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Working Group 
shall----
          (1) in consultation with the Coordinator and bureaus and 
        offices of the Department that are involved in the planning, 
        coordination, integration, implementation, or evaluation of 
        security assistance, develop and promulgate a definition of the 
        level of security assistance programs, projects, or activities 
        that mark a country as a recipient of ``significant'' security 
        assistance to merit inclusion in the assessment, monitoring, 
        and evaluation process described in subsection (c); and
          (2) in consultation with the Coordinator, the Bureau of 
        Democracy , Human Rights, and Labor, and the heads of other 
        relevant bureaus of the Department, develop and promulgate a 
        definition of baseline norms for governance and the rule of 
        law, including a rubric to assess whether a recipient of 
        security assistance is abiding by such baseline.
  (c) Assessment, Monitoring, and Evaluation.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Coordinator shall develop an 
        assessment, monitoring, and evaluation program to be conducted 
        for any country receiving significant security assistance, as 
        defined in accordance with subsection (b)(1).
          (2) Elements.--The program described in paragraph (1) shall 
        include each of the following elements:
                  (A) Baseline assessments that consider factors, 
                including----
                          (i) recipient country threat perceptions and 
                        the manner in which such perceptions may inform 
                        the use of security assistance;
                          (ii) the recipient's approach to governance 
                        and commitment to rule of law, including the 
                        transparency and accountability of security 
                        forces, and the manner in which such approach 
                        is likely to be influenced by security 
                        assistance;
                          (iii) the recipient's capacity to absorb the 
                        security assistance given and to achieve the 
                        objectives of such assistance;
                          (iv) the human rights record of the 
                        recipient, including for purposes of section 
                        620M of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
                        U.S.C. 2378d) and section 362 of title 10, 
                        United States Code, and any relevant attempts 
                        by such recipient to remedy such record;
                          (v) country-or region-specific opportunities 
                        and risks that could enhance or impair the 
                        outcomes associated with providing security 
                        assistance; and
                          (vi) indicators of efficacy for security 
                        assistance programs, projects, and activities, 
                        for purposes of planning, monitoring, and 
                        evaluation.
                  (B) Monitoring implementation of security assistance 
                programs, projects, and activities to measure progress 
                toward achieving specific targets, metrics, or 
                indicators, as well as desired outcomes.
                  (C) Evaluation of the efficiency and effectiveness of 
                security assistance in achieving desired outcomes.
                  (D) Identification of lessons learned in carrying out 
                security assistance and recommendations for improving 
                future assistance.
          (3) Oversight and framework.--The Coordinator shall guide and 
        support, in coordination with relevant regional and functional 
        bureaus, the assessment and monitoring described in paragraph 
        (1) and shall create a common evaluation framework.
          (4) Independent research entity.--Not later than 18 months 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        shall enter into a contract with an independent research 
        entity, such as a federally funded research and development 
        center or other non-profit entity, that demonstrates 
        appropriate expertise and analytical capability to evaluate the 
        capacity of security assistance to achieve desired outcomes in 
        accordance with the framework created pursuant to paragraph 
        (3).
          (5) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
        ability of the Department to measure and assess the effects of 
        United States security assistance programs and activities on 
        governance, rule of law, professionalism of recipient security 
        forces, and institutional capacity weaknesses of recipient 
        security forces would benefit from the increased availability 
        of independent research and data.
  (d) Security Assistance Planning.----
          (1) Prioritization.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Working 
        Group shall develop a list of priority recipient countries to 
        receive security assistance, on the basis of policy objectives 
        determined by the Department, and submit such information in 
        accordance with subsection (f).
          (2) Inclusion in regional and country strategies.--Any 
        comprehensive regional strategy, such as a joint regional 
        strategy or its equivalent, and any country strategy, such as 
        an integrated country strategy or its equivalent, that is 
        produced on or after the date that is 2 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and each successor strategy to such 
        strategy, shall integrate security assistance planning in a 
        manner that incorporates the elements of the framework created 
        pursuant to subsection (a) and include an annex relating to 
        security assistance, which shall include----
                  (A) the assessment, monitoring, and evaluation 
                metrics described in subsection (c);
                  (B) requests to allocate security assistance with 
                respect to the area covered by the strategy; and
                  (C) a description of the manner in which such 
                resources will be used.
          (3) Coordination of resources.--In developing annexes 
        relating to security assistance for inclusion in comprehensive 
        regional strategies or country strategies in accordance with 
        paragraph (2), the relevant bureau, office, or diplomatic post 
        shall coordinate with----
                  (A) the Office;
                  (B) the Office of Foreign Assistance Resources, or an 
                equivalent entity in the Department, regarding the 
                allocation of resources in line with priorities of the 
                Department of State for security assistance; and
                  (C) the Department of Defense and other Federal 
                departments and agencies that provide security 
                assistance, security cooperation, or other forms of 
                foreign assistance.
          (4) Security assistance, governance, and rule of law.--Not 
        later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        any annex relating to security assistance described in 
        paragraph (2) that is included in a country strategy shall 
        include an assessment by the Under Secretary responsible for 
        civilian security, democracy, and human rights whether such 
        country abides by baseline norms for governance and the rule of 
        law using the rubric promulgated in accordance with subsection 
        (b)(2). A security assistance annex developed in accordance 
        with paragraph (2) for a country receiving a negative 
        determination shall also include the following:
                  (A) Reforms the recipient could undertake, where 
                practicable, to improve governance and rule of law in 
                order to create more effective security.
                  (B) Conditions, which may also be included in the 
                compacts described in subsection (e), under which the 
                United States might----
                          (i) expand or increase security assistance 
                        upon verifiable progress made toward such 
                        reforms; and
                          (ii) restrict or end security assistance as a 
                        result of lack of progress toward such reforms 
                        or further deterioration of norms for 
                        governance or the rule of law.
                  (C) An assessment of the benefits and likelihood of 
                reaching agreement with the recipient country to devote 
                1 percent of the total value of all security assistance 
                to such country for training in-country civilian 
                professionals on methods to evaluate the fiscal and 
                functional effectiveness of the security institutions 
                in such country.
                  (D) The manner in which security assistance will be 
                used to improve governance, rule of law, and human 
                rights reforms in such country.
                  (E) Steps to ensure consultation with the national 
                legislature and with civil society groups that operate 
                in such country on the provision of security 
                assistance, including for the formulation of a compact 
                in accordance with subsection (e)(2).
  (e) Security Assistance Compacts.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall seek to enter into 
        multi-year compacts where appropriate with the governments of 
        countries that receive security assistance. Such compacts 
        should include the following elements:
                  (A) A joint diagnosis of the strengths and challenges 
                of the recipient country's security institutions, 
                including priority capacity and capability 
                requirements.
                  (B) A plan for bilateral security assistance and 
                cooperation that includes----
                          (i) a commitment by the recipient specifying 
                        the manner in which security assistance will be 
                        used, within a defined timeframe;
                          (ii) plans for sustainment by the recipient 
                        of any capacity or capabilities built as a 
                        result of such assistance; and
                          (iii) mutually agreed oversight mechanisms 
                        for security assistance and metrics, to 
                        determine whether such assistance is 
                        accomplishing the agreed-upon objectives.
          (2) Special provisions.--If the Under Secretary described in 
        subsection (d)(3) assesses that a country is not abiding by 
        baseline norms for governance or the rule of law, a compact 
        under this subsection with such country should, where 
        practicable, be formulated in consultation with the national 
        legislature and domestic civil society groups and include 
        mutually agreed upon reforms and conditions based on those 
        established as a result of such determination in accordance 
        with subsection (d)(4).
  (f) Reporting Requirements.--Beginning 3 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
include with any materials submitted in support of the budget for that 
Fiscal Year that is submitted to Congress by the President under 
section 1105(a) of title 31 an unclassified report, that may include a 
classified annex, with the following:
          (1) A list of priority security assistance recipients, along 
        with descriptions of the policy objectives that the Secretary 
        seeks to achieve by providing such assistance to such 
        recipients, developed pursuant to subsection (d)(1).
          (2) A description of the results of the evaluations conducted 
        pursuant to subsection (c)(4).
          (3) A description of the manner in which the Department will 
        allocate, monitor, and evaluate all security assistance 
        pursuant to the program described in subsection (c) and the 
        planning process described in subsection (d).
          (4) A description of any updates made during the previous 
        year to the framework described in subsection (d)(1) and annex 
        relating to security assistance required under subsection 
        (d)(2).
          (5) The status and impact on United States objectives of any 
        compacts entered into in accordance with subsection (e) and of 
        any ongoing efforts to enter into new compacts in accordance 
        with such subsection.

SEC. 814. INTERAGENCY COORDINATION OF SECURITY ASSISTANCE, TRANSFERS, 
                    AND SECURITY COOPERATION.

  (a) Creation of a Common Data base.--Not later than 2 years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with 
the Secretary of Defense and other appropriate Federal departments and 
agencies, shall maintain a common data base of information to permit 
the identification of security assistance programs, funding, and 
transfers by recipient country.
  (b) Coordination With the Department of Defense.----
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with the 
        Secretary of Defense, shall submit a report to the appropriate 
        congressional committees that assesses existing mechanisms, 
        including provisions under title 10, United States Code, that 
        require the concurrence of the Secretary of State, and other 
        applicable provisions of law that provide for coordination 
        between security assistance programs, projects, and activities 
        of the Department of State and security cooperation programs, 
        projects, and activities of the Department of Defense that 
        includes the following:
                  (A) An identification of existing coordination 
                mechanisms for planning, executing, and overseeing 
                security assistance and security cooperation programs, 
                projects, and activities, the purpose of such 
                mechanisms, and their efficacy in practice.
                  (B) An identification of additional measures that 
                would improve the speed, simplicity, or agility of each 
                identified mechanism, with a focus on mechanisms 
                requiring the concurrence of the Secretary.
                  (C) An identification of any programs, authorities, 
                or resources that do not require coordination under 
                existing law.
                  (D) An identification of the specific mechanisms to 
                improve coordination between Department of State 
                bureaus and offices involved in planning, executing, or 
                overseeing security assistance programs and activities 
                and the United States combatant command or commands 
                relevant to such bureaus and offices.
                  (E) An assessment of the advisability and feasibility 
                of expanding existing mechanisms or establishing new 
                mechanisms to detail employees from Department of State 
                bureaus and offices involved in planning, executing, or 
                overseeing security assistance programs and activities 
                to United States combatant commands and from the 
                Department of Defense to such Department of State 
                bureaus and offices for the purpose of improving 
                coordination on security assistance planning and 
                implementation.
          (2) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means----
                  (A) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                  (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
  (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense should jointly 
establish a pilot program to evaluate the advisability and feasibility 
of a joint entity to conduct collaborative planning of security 
assistance and security cooperation. The pilot program should----
          (1) establish one or more joint planning cells to conduct 
        collaborative planning between the Department of State and the 
        Department of Defense for security assistance and security 
        cooperation programs, projects, and activities in a specific 
        region or regions;
          (2) assign personnel from relevant offices and agencies 
        within each Department to staff the joint planning cell or 
        cells; and
          (3) assess the advantages and disadvantages of collaborative 
        interagency planning of security assistance, and determine 
        whether there are organizational, legal, policy, or resource 
        barriers to broader adoption of such a model.

SEC. 815. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

  Nothing in this subtitle shall affect the implementation of 
subsection (h) of section 36 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
2776).

                Subtitle B--Foreign Military Assistance

SEC. 821. STRATEGIC ALLOCATION OF EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES.

  (a) In General.--Section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
(22 U.S.C. 2321j), is amended----
          (1) in subsection (b)----
                  (A) by striking ``(1) The President'' and inserting 
                ``The President'';
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (F) as 
                paragraphs (1) through (6), respectively, and moving 
                the margins of each such paragraph two ems to the left;
                  (C) in paragraph (2), as redesignated, by inserting 
                ``except as provided in subsection (c)(3),'' before 
                ``funds available''; and
                  (D) by striking ``(2) Accordingly,'' and all that 
                follows through ``1990.'' ;
          (2) in subsection (c)----
                  (A) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(2) Priority.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        excess defense articles under this section shall be transferred 
        in accordance with United States foreign policy, including 
        national security priorities as jointly determined by the 
        Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of 
        Defense, to the maximum extent feasible.''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Supporting costs.--Funds available to the Department of 
        State for security assistance may be expended for the 
        refurbishment or upgrade of excess defense articles transferred 
        under the authority of this section and for training of foreign 
        security forces directly in relation to excess defense articles 
        transferred under the authority of this section, if----
                  ``(A) such assistance is necessary to advance the 
                national security objectives of the United States in 
                relation to the recipient country or countries; and
                  ``(B) such costs do not exceed $10 million in 
                relation to a single transfer of excess defense 
                articles under this section.'';
          (3) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``$7,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$25,000,000''; and
          (4) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``$500,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$600,000,000''.

SEC. 822. MODIFICATION OF PURPOSES FOR WHICH MILITARY SALES BY THE 
                    UNITED STATES ARE AUTHORIZED.

  Section 4 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2754) is amended 
in the first sentence by striking ``internal security'' and inserting 
``legitimate internal security (including for anti-terrorism 
purposes)''.

SEC. 823. RETURN OF DEFENSE ARTICLES.

  Section 21(m)(1)(B) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
2761(m)(1)(B)) is amended----
          (1) by striking ``(B) is not'' and inserting ``(B)(i) is 
        not'';
          (2) by striking ``; and'' and inserting ``; or''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(ii) is significant military equipment (as defined 
                in section 47(9) of this Act) and the Secretary of 
                State has provided prior approval of the return of such 
                defense article from the foreign country or 
                international organization; and''.

SEC. 824. REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO EXEMPTIONS FOR LICENSING OF DEFENSE 
                    ITEMS.

  Section 38(j) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(j)) is 
amended----
          (1) in the subsection heading----
                  (A) by striking ``Country''; and
                  (B) by striking ``to Foreign Countries'';
          (2) in paragraph (1)(A)----
                  (A) in the matter preceding clause (i)----
                          (i) by striking ``a foreign country'' and 
                        inserting ``the North Atlantic Treaty 
                        Organization, any member country of that 
                        Organization, the Republic of Korea, Australia, 
                        New Zealand, Japan, or Israel'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``(except that the 
                        President may not so exempt such Organization, 
                        member country, or other country that is not 
                        eligible to acquire defense items under any 
                        other provision of law)'' after ``with respect 
                        to exports of defense items''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``the foreign country'' and 
                        inserting ``such Organization, member country, 
                        or other country''; and
                  (B) in clause (ii)----
                          (i) by striking ``the foreign country'' and 
                        inserting ``such Organization, member country, 
                        or other country''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``under their domestic 
                        laws'';
          (3) in paragraph (2)----
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)----
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i)----
                                  (I) by striking ``, at a minimum,'';
                                  (II) by striking ``the foreign 
                                country'' and inserting ``the 
                                Organization, member country, or other 
                                country referred to in paragraph (1)''; 
                                and
                                  (III) by striking ``to revise its 
                                policies and practices, and promulgate 
                                or enact necessary modifications to its 
                                laws and regulations to establish'' and 
                                inserting ``to establish and 
                                maintain'';
                          (ii) in clause (i), by striking ``the foreign 
                        country'' and inserting ``such Organization, 
                        member country, or other country''; and
                          (iii) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``retransfer control commitments, including 
                        securing'' and inserting ``retransfer controls 
                        that secure'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)----
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i)----
                                  (I) by striking ``, at a minimum,'';
                                  (II) by striking ``the foreign 
                                country'' and inserting ``the 
                                Organization, member country, or other 
                                country referred to in paragraph (1)''; 
                                and
                                  (III) by striking ``to revise its 
                                policies and practices, and promulgate 
                                or enact necessary modifications to its 
                                laws and regulations''; and
                          (ii) in clause (iv), by striking ``the 
                        foreign country'' and inserting ``the member 
                        country or other country''; and
          (4) in paragraph (3)----
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``a foreign country'' and inserting ``the 
                Organization, member country, or other country referred 
                to in paragraph (1)'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``that foreign 
                country'' and inserting ``such Organization, member 
                country, or other country'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (B)----
                          (i) by striking ``the foreign country'' and 
                        inserting ``such Organization, member country, 
                        or other country''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``has promulgated or enacted 
                        all necessary modifications to its laws and 
                        regulations to comply'' and inserting ``has 
                        taken such actions to comply''; and
                  (D) in subparagraph (C)----
                          (i) by striking ``a foreign country'' and 
                        inserting ``such Organization, member country, 
                        or other country''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``that country'' and 
                        inserting ``such Organization, member country, 
                        or other country''.

SEC. 825. AMENDMENT TO GENERAL PROVISIONS.

  Section 42(a) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2791(a)) is 
amended in the first sentence by inserting ``on a competitive basis'' 
after ``procurement in the United States''.

SEC. 826. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT.

  Section 36(b)(6) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
2776(b)(6)) is amended by inserting ``the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization or'' before ``a member country''.

SEC. 827. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON LICENSING UNDER UNITED STATES ARMS 
                    EXPORT CONTROL PROGRAMS.

  It is the sense of Congress that, in implementing reforms of United 
States arms export licensing regimes, the President should prioritize 
the development of a new framework to improve and streamline licensing, 
including by seeking to revise the Special Comprehensive Export 
Authorizations for exports to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 
any member country of that Organization, Sweden, or any other country 
described in section 36(c)(2)(A) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
U.S.C. 2776(c)(2)(A)) under section 126.14 of title 15, Code of Federal 
Regulations (relating to the International Traffic in Arms 
Regulations).

SEC. 828. EXTENSION OF WAR RESERVE STOCKPILE AUTHORITY.

  (a) Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2005.--Section 12001(d) 
of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2005 (Public Law 108-
287; 118 Stat. 1011) is amended by striking ``2020'' and inserting 
``2021''.
  (b) Stockpiling of Defense Articles for Foreign Countries.--Section 
514(b)(2)(A) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2321h(b)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``and 2020'' and inserting 
``2020, and 2021''.

SEC. 829. PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS AND OTHER NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS.

  (a) Authority.----
          (1) In general.--Section 551 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961 (22 U.S.C. 2348) is amended----
                  (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``The 
                President'' and inserting ``(a) The President''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(b) Funds authorized to be appropriated under this chapter may also 
be used to provide assistance to enhance the capacity of foreign 
civilian security forces (as such term is defined in section 841(c) of 
the International Security Assistance Act of 2019) to participate in 
peacekeeping and counterterrorism operations, and to promote greater 
participation of women in such peacekeeping operations.
  ``(c) Funds authorized to be appropriated under this chapter to 
provide assistance to friendly foreign countries for purposes other 
than support for multilateral peacekeeping operations shall be subject 
to the certification requirements of section 36 of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2776).''.
          (2) Disarmament and reintegration.----
                  (A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
                of law, funds authorized to be appropriated under any 
                provision of law for peacekeeping operations may be 
                made available to support programs to disarm, 
                demobilize, and reintegrate into civilian society 
                former members of foreign terrorist organizations, and 
                to promote greater participation of women in such 
                programs.
                  (B) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult with 
                the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
                of the Senate prior to obligating funds described in 
                subparagraph (A).
                  (C) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term 
                ``foreign terrorist organization'' means an 
                organization designated as a terrorist organization 
                under section 219(a) of the Immigration and Nationality 
                Act (8 U.S.C. 1189(a)).
  (b) Notification.--The Secretary shall notify the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate at least 15 days prior to obligating 
funds under any provision of law for peacekeeping operations.
  (c) Conforming Amendment.--The heading for chapter 6 of part II of 
the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2348 et seq.) is amended 
by adding at the end the following: ``and Other National Security 
Programs''.

SEC. 830. OTHER AMENDMENTS TO MILITARY ASSISTANCE AUTHORITIES.

  The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended as follows:
          (1) In section 516 (22 U.S.C. 2321j)----
                  (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``countries'' and 
                inserting ``countries, regional organizations, and 
                international organizations'';
                  (B) in subsection (b)(5), as redesignated by section 
                821(a)(1)(B), by striking ``countries'' and inserting 
                ``countries, regional organizations, and international 
                organizations'';
                  (C) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``recipient 
                country'' and inserting ``recipient country or 
                organization'';
                  (D) in subsection (f)(2)----
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``country'' each place it appears and inserting 
                        ``country or organization''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``countries'' and inserting ``countries or 
                        organizations''; and
                  (E) in subsection (h), by striking ``country'' and 
                inserting ``country and organization''.
          (2) In section 620M (22 U.S.C. 2378d)----
                  (A) in subsection (d)(7), by striking ``to the 
                maximum extent practicable'' and inserting ``unless 
                such disclosure would endanger the safety of human 
                sources or reveal sensitive intelligence sources and 
                methods''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(e) Report.----
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than January 31 of each year, 
        the Secretary of State shall submit to the Committee on Foreign 
        Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, a report on the 
        vetting process of units of security forces of foreign 
        countries established to comply with this section.
          ``(2) Matters to be included.--The report required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                  ``(A) The total number of units submitted for vetting 
                during the prior calendar year, and the number of such 
                units that were approved, suspended, or rejected for 
                human rights reasons.
                  ``(B) The name of such units rejected during the 
                prior calendar year and a description of the steps 
                taken to assist the government of the foreign country 
                in bringing the responsible members of such units to 
                justice, in accordance with subsection (c).
                  ``(C) An updated list of the units with respect to 
                which no assistance is to be furnished pursuant to 
                subsection (a).''.
          (3) In section 622(c) (22 U.S.C. 2382(c)), by inserting ``law 
        enforcement and justice sector assistance,'' before ``military 
        assistance,''.
          (4) In section 656(a)(1) (22 U.S.C. 2416(a)(1)), by striking 
        ``January 31'' and inserting ``March 1''.

SEC. 831. REPEAL OF REPORTS.

  (a) Repeal of Annual Report on World Military Expenditures and Arms 
Transfers.--Section 404 of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (22 
U.S.C. 2593b) is hereby repealed.
  (b) Repeal of Annual Report Relating to the Commission on Security 
and Cooperation in Europe.--Section 5 of Public Law 94-304 (22 U.S.C. 
3005) is hereby repealed.
  (c) Repeal of Report on Assistance Relating to International 
Terrorism.--Section 502 of the International Security and Development 
Cooperation Act of 1985 (22 U.S.C. 2349aa-7) is amended----
          (1) by striking subsection (b); and
          (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).

SEC. 832. DEFENSE TRADE CONTROLS REGISTRATION FEES.

  Section 45 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 
U.S.C. 2717) is amended----
          (1) in the first sentence----
                  (A) by inserting ``defense trade controls'' after 
                ``100 percent of the''; and
                  (B) by striking ``the Office of Defense Trade 
                Controls of''; and
          (2) in the second sentence----
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``management, licensing, compliance, and 
                policy activities in the defense trade controls 
                function, including'' after ``incurred for'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``contract 
                personnel to assist in'';
                  (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (D) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting a semicolon; and
                  (E) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) the facilitation of defense trade policy development 
        and implementation, review of commodity jurisdiction 
        determinations, public outreach to industry and foreign 
        parties, and analysis of scientific and technological 
        developments as they relate to the exercise of defense trade 
        control authorities; and
          ``(5) contract personnel to assist in such activities.''.

SEC. 833. WITHHOLDING OF ASSISTANCE TO UNITS OF FOREIGN SECURITY FORCES 
                    THAT ENGAGED IN SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OR ABUSE IN 
                    PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.

  The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by inserting after 
section 554 the following:

``SEC. 555. WITHHOLDING OF ASSISTANCE TO UNITS OF FOREIGN SECURITY 
                    FORCES THAT ENGAGED IN SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OR ABUSE 
                    IN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of State should withhold assistance 
to any unit of the security forces of a foreign country if the 
Secretary has credible information that such unit has engaged in sexual 
exploitation or abuse, including while serving in a United Nations 
peacekeeping operation, until the Secretary determines that the 
government of such country is taking effective steps to hold the 
responsible members of such unit accountable and to prevent future 
incidents.
  ``(b) Notice.--The Secretary of State----
          ``(1) shall promptly notify the government of each country 
        subject to any withholding of assistance pursuant to this 
        section; and
          ``(2) shall notify the appropriate congressional committees 
        of such withholding not later than 10 days after a 
        determination to withhold such assistance is made.
  ``(c) Assistance.--The Secretary of State shall, to the maximum 
extent practicable, assist the government of each country subject to 
any withholding of assistance pursuant to this section in bringing the 
responsible members of such unit of the security forces of the country 
to justice.
  ``(d) Appropriate congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term `appropriate congressional committees' means----
          ``(1) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives; and
          ``(2) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate.''.

SEC. 834. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATIONS ON ASSISTANCE RELATING TO HUMAN 
                    RIGHTS.

  (a) Modification to the Limitation on Assistance to Security 
Forces.--Subsection (a) of section 620M of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2378d) is amended----
          (1) by inserting ``, including any combined security 
        activities or operations with any such unit,'' after ``of a 
        foreign country''; and
          (2) by inserting ``, including any act that constitutes a war 
        crime, as such term is defined in section 2441 of title 18, 
        United States Code'' after ``gross violation of human rights''.
  (b) Modification to Limitation on Security Assistance.--Subsection 
(d)(1) of section 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2304) is amended by inserting ``any act that constitutes a war crime, 
as such term is defined in section 2441 of title 18, United States 
Code,'' after ``the abduction and clandestine detention of those 
persons,''.

            Subtitle C--Studies on Authorities and Programs

SEC. 841. REQUIREMENT FOR STUDY BY BUREAU OF INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS 
                    AND LAW ENFORCEMENT AFFAIRS.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of International 
Narcotics and Law Enforcement, in consultation with the heads of other 
relevant bureaus of the Department, shall submit to the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate a report detailing all existing 
programs, and their statutory authorities, that provide training, 
advice, equipment, and other support to eligible foreign civilian 
security forces and institutions.
  (b) Matters to Be Included.--Such a report shall assess the 
following:
          (1) The benefits and costs of consolidating the number of 
        such programs and expanding the scope of such programs, as 
        appropriate.
          (2) The prospects for improving coordination among such 
        programs.
          (3) The impact of repealing section 660 of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2420), including----
                  (A) the potential opportunities such repeal would 
                create for expanding existing programs or establishing 
                new programs to improve the capacity, capabilities, and 
                professionalism of such civilian security forces and 
                institutions, including with respect to pay and 
                promotions, benefits, leadership, and administration; 
                and
                  (B) the required elements necessary to ensure that 
                any such program would enhance rule of law and 
                safeguard human rights.
  (c) Civilian Security Forces.--In this section, the term ``civilian 
security forces'' includes non-military security forces at the 
national, State, district, or local level that are responsible for 
internal security, do not report to a defense ministry or similar or 
related defense or military entity of a foreign government, and are 
assigned responsibility for one or more of the following:
          (1) Law enforcement.
          (2) Border security.
          (3) Maritime and port security.
          (4) Customs law enforcement.
          (5) Sanctions monitoring and enforcement.
          (6) Counterterrorism.
          (7) Counter-narcotics.
          (8) Counterproliferation.
          (9) Counter-transnational organized crime.
          (10) Improving the administration of justice.
          (11) Promoting respect for human rights.
          (12) Promoting the rule of law.

SEC. 842. REQUIREMENT FOR INDEPENDENT STUDY OF EXISTING SECURITY 
                    ASSISTANCE AUTHORITIES.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into a contract with a 
federally funded research and development center with appropriate 
expertise and analytical capability to carry out the study described in 
subsection (b).
  (b) Study.--The study required by subsection (a) shall provide for a 
comprehensive examination of----
          (1) the history and evolution of existing security assistance 
        authorities and the original intent of such authorities;
          (2) areas in which----
                  (A) such authorities have deviated from such original 
                intent and explanations why; and
                  (B) such authorities overlap or compete with one 
                another; and
          (3) recommendations for consolidating, replacing, or 
        otherwise adapting such authorities, as well as for 
        establishing new ones, to include recommendations for 
        differentiating authorities based on the capacity and 
        capabilities they build as opposed to by issue or purpose.
  (c) Report.----
          (1) To the secretary.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        on which , the Secretary enters into a contract pursuant to 
        subsection (a), the independent research entity that has 
        entered into a contract with the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Secretary a report containing----
                  (A) the results of the study required by subsection 
                (a); and
                  (B) such recommendations to improve the effectiveness 
                of existing security assistance authorities as the 
                entity considers to be appropriate.
          (2) To congress.--Not later than 30 days after receipt of the 
        report under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit such 
        report, together with any additional views or recommendations 
        of the Secretary, to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
        of the Senate.

                        TITLE IX--MISCELLANEOUS

SEC. 901. CASE-ZABLOCKI ACT REFORM.

  Section 112b of title 1, United States Code, is amended----
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Committee on 
        International Relations'' and inserting ``Committee on Foreign 
        Affairs''; and
          (2) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
  ``(b) Each department or agency of the U.S. Government that enters 
into any international agreement described in subsection (a) on behalf 
of the United States, shall designate a Chief International Agreements 
Officer, who----
          ``(1) shall be a current employee of such department or 
        agency;
          ``(2) shall serve concurrently as Chief International 
        Agreements Officer; and
          ``(3) subject to the authority of the head of such department 
        or agency, shall have department or agency-wide responsibility 
        for efficient and appropriate compliance with subsection (a) to 
        transmit the text of any international agreement to the 
        Department of State not later than 20 days after such agreement 
        has been signed.''.

SEC. 902. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO COUNTRIES IN DEFAULT.

  Section 620(q) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2370(q)) is amended----
          (1) by striking ``No assistance'' and inserting the 
        following:
          ``(1) No assistance'';
          (2) by inserting ``the government of'' before ``any 
        country'';
          (3) by inserting ``the government of'' before ``such 
        country'' each place it appears;
          (4) by striking ``determines'' and all that follows and 
        inserting ``determines, after consultation with the Committee 
        on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
        and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, that 
        assistance for such country is in the national interest of the 
        United States.''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) No assistance shall be furnished under this Act, the 
        Peace Corps Act, the Millennium Challenge Act of 2003, the 
        African Development Foundation Act, the BUILD Act of 2018, 
        section 504 of the FREEDOM Support Act, or section 23 of the 
        Arms Export Control Act to the government of any country which 
        is in default during a period in excess of 1 calendar year in 
        payment to the United States of principal or interest or any 
        loan made to the government of such country by the United 
        States pursuant to a program for which funds are appropriated 
        under such Act unless the President determines, following 
        consultation with the congressional committees specified in 
        paragraph (1), that assistance for such country is in the 
        national interest of the United States.''.

SEC. 903. PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO GOVERNMENTS SUPPORTING 
                    INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM.

  (a) Prohibition.--Subsection (a) of section 620A of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2371) is amended by striking ``that 
the government of that country'' and all that follows and inserting 
``that the government of that country----
          ``(1) has repeatedly provided support for acts of 
        international terrorism;
          ``(2) grants sanctuary from prosecution to any individual or 
        group which has committed an act of international terrorism;
          ``(3) otherwise supports international terrorism; or
          ``(4) is controlled by an organization designated as a 
        foreign terrorist organization under section 219 of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189).''.
  (b) Rescission.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended by 
striking ``and the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
the Senate'' and inserting ``, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate, and the Committees on Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate''.
  (c) Waiver.--Subsection (d)(2) of such section is amended by striking 
``and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate'' and inserting ``, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate, and the Committees on Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate''.
  (d) Prohibition on Lethal Military Equipment Exports.--Such section, 
as so amended, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(e) Prohibition on Lethal Military Equipment Exports.----
          ``(1) Prohibition.----
                  ``(A) In general.--The United States shall not 
                provide any assistance under this Act or section 23 of 
                the Arms Export Control Act to any foreign government 
                that provides lethal military equipment to a country 
                the government of which the Secretary of State has 
                determined supports international terrorism for 
                purposes of section 1754(c) of the Export Control 
                Reform Act of 2018.
                  ``(B) Termination.--The prohibition on assistance 
                under subparagraph (A) with respect to a foreign 
                government shall terminate 12 months after such 
                government ceases to provide the lethal military 
                equipment described in such subparagraph.
                  ``(C) Applicability.--This subsection applies with 
                respect to lethal military equipment provided under a 
                contract entered into after October 1, 1997.
          ``(2) Waiver.--The President may waive the prohibition on 
        assistance under paragraph (1) with respect to a foreign 
        government if the President determines that to do so is 
        important to the national interest of the United States.
          ``(3) Report.--Upon the exercise of the waiver authority 
        pursuant to paragraph (2), the President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report with respect to 
        the furnishing of assistance under the waiver authority, 
        including----
                  ``(A) a detailed explanation of the assistance to be 
                provided;
                  ``(B) the estimated dollar amount of such assistance; 
                and
                  ``(C) an explanation of how the assistance furthers 
                the national interest of the United States.
          ``(4) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term `appropriate congressional committees' 
        means----
                  ``(A) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                  ``(B) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.''.

SEC. 904. ESTABLISHING A COORDINATOR FOR ISIS DETAINEE ISSUES.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President, acting through the Secretary, may 
designate an existing official within the Department to serve as 
senior-level coordinator to coordinate, in conjunction with other 
relevant Federal departments and agencies, all matters for the U.S. 
Government relating to the long-term disposition of ISIS detainees, 
including all matters in connection with----
          (1) repatriation, transfer, prosecution, and intelligence-
        gathering;
          (2) coordinating a whole-of-government approach with other 
        countries and international organizations, including INTERPOL, 
        to ensure secure chains of custody and locations of ISIS 
        detainees;
          (3) coordinating the provision of technical and evidentiary 
        assistance to foreign countries to aid in the successful 
        prosecution of ISIS detainees; and
          (4) all multilateral and international engagements led by the 
        Department and other relevant Federal departments and agencies 
        that are related to the current and future handling, detention, 
        or prosecution of ISIS detainees.
  (b) Retention of Existing Authority.--The appointment of a senior-
level coordinator pursuant to subsection (a) shall not deprive any 
Federal department or agency of any existing authority to independently 
perform the functions of that agency relating to ISIS detainees.
  (c) ISIS Detainee Defined.--In this section, the term ``ISIS 
detainee'' means a captured individual----
          (1) who allegedly fought for or supported the Islamic State 
        of Iraq and Syria; and
          (2) who is a national of a country other than Iraq or Syria.

SEC. 905. SEAN AND DAVID GOLDMAN CHILD ABDUCTION PREVENTION AND RETURN 
                    ACT OF 2014 AMENDMENT.

  Subsection (b) of section 101 of the Sean and David Goldman 
International Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act of 2014 (22 
U.S.C. 9111; Public Law 113-150) is amended----
          (1) in paragraph (2)----
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)----
                          (i) by inserting ``, respectively,'' after 
                        ``access cases''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``and the number of 
                        children involved'' before the semicolon at the 
                        end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``respectively, 
                the number of children involved,'' after ``access 
                cases,'';
          (2) in paragraph (7), by inserting ``, and number of children 
        involved in such cases'' before the semicolon at the end;
          (3) in paragraph (8), by striking ``and'' after the semicolon 
        at the end;
          (4) in paragraph (9), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(10) the total number of pending cases the Department of 
        State has assigned to case officers and number of children 
        involved for each country and as a total for all countries.''.

SEC. 906. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES OF COMMISSION FOR THE 
                    PRESERVATION OF AMERICA'S HERITAGE ABROAD.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 3123 of title 54, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
          (1) In section 312302, by inserting ``, and unimpeded access 
        to those sites,'' after ``and historic buildings''.
          (2) In section 312304(a)----
                  (A) in paragraph (2)----
                          (i) by striking ``and historic buildings'' 
                        and inserting ``and historic buildings, and 
                        unimpeded access to those sites''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``and protected'' and 
                        inserting ``, protected, and made accessible''; 
                        and
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and protecting'' 
                and inserting ``, protecting, and making accessible''.
          (3) In section 312305, by inserting ``and to the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate'' after 
        ``President''.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage 
Abroad shall submit to the President and to the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate a report that contains an evaluation of the 
extent to which the Commission is prepared to continue its activities 
and accomplishments with respect to the foreign heritage of United 
States citizens from eastern and central Europe, were the Commission's 
duties and powers extended to include other regions, including the 
Middle East and North Africa, and any additional resources or personnel 
the Commission would require.

                          PURPOSE AND SUMMARY

    The State Department Authorization Act of 2019 (H.R. 3352) 
contains various provisions to strengthen the management and 
operations of the Department of State, including to recruit and 
retain a diverse work force, bolster embassy and information 
security, and improve the Department's capacity to carry out 
public diplomacy, anti-corruption activities, and security 
assistance, among other provisions. The bill authorizes 
activities and positions in a number of key Department bureaus 
and offices, and authorizes funding for Embassy Security, 
Construction, and Maintenance account. Among other things, this 
bill also streamlines and improves the Department's management 
structure, providing cost saving measures in embassy 
construction while maintaining security and eliminating 
duplicative programs and outdated reports. Additionally, it 
ensures the efficiency of various programs by mandating 
rigorous planning processes and evaluation metrics.

                  BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION

    As part of the annual budget cycle, the House Committee on 
Foreign Affairs is responsible for providing legislative 
authority and funding for agency operations. However, it has 
been 17 years since a State Department authorization was signed 
into law_the Foreign Relations Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2003 (H.R. 1646 in the 107th Congress) became Public Law 
107-228 in September 2002. Subsequently, the last State 
Department authorization bill to be adopted by the House 
Foreign Affairs Committee was in September 2013.
    Diplomacy and development are critical tools for advancing 
American foreign policy and national security. H.R. 3352 puts 
the Committee back on the right track to strengthen and support 
the important work that America's diplomats carry out every day 
on behalf of the United States. This bipartisan bill represents 
an important step in making State Department reauthorization a 
regular part of Committee business again, thereby reasserting 
the Constitutional authority to provide direction to the 
Department of State and to ensure its employees have the tools 
they need to best advance U.S. foreign policy.

                                HEARINGS

    On February 27, 2019, the Full Committee held a hearing 
entitled ``The Trump Administration's Foreign Policy: A Mid-
Term Assessment.'' The hearing witness was The Honorable 
Madeleine K. Albright, Former U.S. Secretary of State.
    On March 27, 2019, the Full Committee held a hearing 
entitled ``The State Department's Foreign Policy Strategy and 
Fiscal Year Budget Request.'' The hearing witness was The 
Honorable Michael R. Pompeo, Secretary, United States 
Department of State.
    On February 27, 2019 the Subcommittee on Oversight and 
Investigations held a hearing entitled ``America's Global 
Leadership: Why Diplomacy and Development Matter.'' Witnesses 
included The Honorable Heather Higginbottom, Chief Operating 
Office, CARE USA, and Former Deputy Secretary of State for 
Management and Resources, and The Honorable Andrew S. Natsios, 
Director of the Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs 
and Executive Professor, George H.W. Bush School of Government 
and Public Service at Texas A&M University and Former 
Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
Development.
    These hearings were used to consider H.R. 3352.

                        COMMITTEE CONSIDERATION

    On June 26, 2019, the Committee marked up H.R. 3352, 
Department of State Authorization Act of 2019 (Engel) pursuant 
to notice, in open session. By unanimous consent, the Chair 
called up the measure and the following amendments, previously 
provided to Members, to be considered en bloc:
      Bera amendment #36 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to require 
every 180 days, and on the same basis for 5 years thereafter, a 
report to Congress indicating changes that have been made to 
the Foreign Affairs Manual.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                   Offered by Mr. Bera of California

      Add at the end of title III the following:

SEC. 3__. FOREIGN AFFAIRS MANUAL AND FOREIGN AFFAIRS HANDBOOK CHANGES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and every 180 days thereafter for 
five years, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees and the Committee on Appropriations of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate a report detailing all changes 
made to the Foreign Affairs Manual or the Foreign Affairs 
Handbook.
    (b) Covered Periods.--The first report required under 
subsection (a) shall cover the five year period preceding the 
submission of such report. Each subsequent report shall cover 
the 180 day period preceding submission.
    (c) Contents.--Each report required under subsection (a) 
shall contain the following:
          (1) The location within the Foreign Affairs Manual or 
        the Foreign Affairs Handbook where a change has been 
        made.
          (2) The statutory basis for each such change.
          (3) A side-by-side comparison of the Foreign Affairs 
        Manual or Foreign Affairs Handbook before and after 
        such change.
          (4) A summary of such changes displayed in 
        spreadsheet form.
      Connolly amendment #47 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
reward and recognize efforts to promote diversity and inclusion 
at the Department and expand professional development and 
career advancement opportunities.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                  Offered by Mr. Connolly of Virginia

  In section 404(c)(1)(B)(i), strike ``and'' after the 
semicolon.
  In section 404(c)(1)(B)(ii), strike the period and insert ``; 
and''.
  In section 404(c)(1)(B), add at the end the following:
                          (iii) any other individual determined 
                        by the Department who needs such 
                        training based on analysis by the 
                        Department or OPM analysis.
  Insert after section 404 the following:

SEC. 405. LEADERSHIP ENGAGEMENT AND ACCOUNTABILITY.

  (a) Reward and Recognize Efforts to Promote Diversity and 
Inclusion.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall implement 
        performance and advancement requirements that reward 
        and recognize the efforts of individuals in senior 
        positions and supervisors in the Department in 
        fostering an inclusive environment and cultivating 
        talent consistent with merit system principles, such as 
        through participation in mentoring programs or 
        sponsorship initiatives, recruitment events, and other 
        similar opportunities.
          (2) Outreach events.--The Secretary shall create 
        opportunities for individuals in senior positions and 
        supervisors in the Department to participate in 
        outreach events and to discuss issues relating to 
        diversity and inclusion with the workforce on a regular 
        basis, including with employee resource groups.
  (b) External Advisory Committees and Boards.--For each 
external advisory committee or board to which individuals in 
senior positions in the Department appoint members, the 
Secretary is strongly encouraged by Congress to ensure such 
external advisory committee or board is developed, reviewed, 
and carried out by qualified teams that represent the diversity 
of the organization.

SEC. 406. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES AND TOOLS.

  (a) Expand Provision of Professional Development and Career 
Advancement Opportunities.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        expand professional development opportunities that 
        support the mission needs of the Department, such as--
                  (A) academic programs;
                  (B) private-public exchanges; and
                  (C) detail assignments to relevant positions 
                in--
                          (i) private or international 
                        organizations;
                          (ii) State, local, and Tribal 
                        governments;
                          (iii) other branches of the Federal 
                        Government; or
                          (iv) professional schools of 
                        international affairs.
          (2) Training for senior positions.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall offer, 
                or sponsor members of the workforce to 
                participate in, a Senior Executive Service 
                candidate development program or other program 
                that trains members on the skills required for 
                appointment to senior positions in the 
                Department.
                  (B) Requirements.--In determining which 
                members of the workforce are granted 
                professional development or career advancement 
                opportunities under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary shall--
                          (i) ensure any program offered or 
                        sponsored by the Department under such 
                        subparagraph comports with the 
                        requirements of subpart C of part 412 
                        of title 5, Code of Federal 
                        Regulations, or any successor thereto, 
                        including merit staffing and assessment 
                        requirements;
                          (ii) consider the number of expected 
                        vacancies in senior positions as a 
                        factor in determining the number of 
                        candidates to select for such programs;
                          (iii) understand how participation in 
                        any program offered or sponsored by the 
                        Department under such subparagraph 
                        differs by gender, race, national 
                        origin, disability status, or other 
                        demographic categories; and
                          (iv) actively encourage participation 
                        from a range of demographic categories, 
                        especially from categories with 
                        consistently low participation.
      Engel amendment #72 to H.R. 3352: A manager's amendment 
with technical and other minor fixes to H.R. 3352.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                    Offered by Mr. Engel of New York

  Page 13, beginning line 10, strike ``human trafficking, arms 
trafficking, wildlife trafficking, trafficking in cultural 
property'' and insert ``in human beings, arms, wildlife, and 
cultural property''.
  Page 17, beginning line 12, strike ``The Secretary should 
establish'' and insert ``There should be established''.
  Page 39, line 6, strike ``enactment of this Act'' and insert 
``submission of the Comptroller General's report under 
subsection (b)''.
  Page 41, line 12, strike ``Standard Embassy Design'' and 
insert ``standardization in construction''.
  Page 43, line 3, strike ``quarterly'' and insert 
``biannual''.
  Page 43, line 9, strike ``90'' and insert ``180''.
  Page 45, line 14, insert ``for those contractors engaged in 
construction of new embassy or new consulate compounds'' before 
``by''.
  Page 46, line 18, strike ``rate'' and insert ``comment on''.
  Page 46, beginning line 25, strike ``the Office of Management 
Policy, Rightsizing, and Innovation of''.
  Page 48, beginning line 15, strike ``Long-Range Overseas 
Buildings Plan (LROBP)'' and insert ``plan''.
  Page 49, beginning line 7, strike ``known as a Long-Range 
Overseas Maintenance Plan (LROMP),''.
  Page 50, beginning line 24, strike ``the each LROBP and the 
LROMP,'' and insert ``each plan required under subsection 
(a)''.
  Page 51, beginning line 9, strike ``outlined in the LROBP and 
LROMP'' and insert ``required under subsection (a)''.
  Page 51, line 18, insert ``embassy or'' before ``consulate''.
  Insert after section 212 the following:

SEC. 213. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

  It is the policy of the United States that the Bureau of 
Overseas Building Operations of the Department or its successor 
office shall continue to balance functionality and security 
with accessibility, as defined by guidelines established by the 
United States Access Board in constructing embassies and 
consulates, and shall ensure compliance with the Architectural 
Barriers Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4151 et seq.) to the fullest 
extent possible.
  Page 72, line 12, insert ``and'' after ``post''.
  Page 87, line 6, strike ``Each agency'' and insert ``The 
Department''.
  Page 108, beginning line 22, strike ``, particularly grand 
corruption''.
  Page 110, beginning line 8, strike ``, including grand 
corruption and petty corruption;''.
  Page 110, line 20, strike ``grand'' and insert ``serious, 
significant''.
  Page 110, line 23, strike ``petty'' and insert 
``significant''.
  Page 112, line 9, strike ``grand'' and insert ``serious, 
significant''.
      Guest amendment #7 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to promote 
coordination of resources among relevant Department bureaus, 
offices, and posts, on the provision of security assistance.

                           Amendment to H.R.

                  Offered by Mr. Guest of Mississippi

  In section 813(d)--
          (1) redesignate paragraph (3) as paragraph (4) (and 
        make appropriate technical and conforming amendments); 
        and
          (2) insert after paragraph (2) the following:
          (3) Coordination of resources.--In developing annexes 
        relating to security assistance for inclusion in 
        comprehensive regional strategies or country strategies 
        in accordance with paragraph (2), the relevant bureau, 
        office, or diplomatic post shall coordinate with--
                  (A) the Office;
                  (B) the Office of Foreign Assistance 
                Resources, or an equivalent entity in the 
                Department, regarding the allocation of 
                resources in line with priorities of the 
                Department of State for security assistance; 
                and
                  (C) the Department of Defense and other 
                Federal departments and agencies that provide 
                security assistance, security cooperation, or 
                other forms of foreign assistance.
      Houlahan amendment #27 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
permit the Secretary to waive individual occupational 
requirements in hiring for GS-0130 civil service positions for 
individuals possessing significant scientific, technological, 
engineering, or mathematical expertise.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                Offered by Ms. Houlahan of Pennsylvania

  At the appropriate place in title III, insert the following:

SEC. 3__. WAIVER AUTHORITY FOR INDIVIDUAL OCCUPATIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF 
                    CERTAIN POSITIONS.

    The Secretary of State may waive any or all of the 
individual occupational requirements with respect to an 
employee or prospective employee of the Department of State for 
a civilian position categorized under the GS-0130 occupational 
series if the Secretary determines that the individual 
possesses significant scientific, technological, engineering, 
or mathematical expertise that is integral to performing the 
duties of the applicable position, based on demonstrated job 
performance and qualifying experience. With respect to each 
waiver granted under this subsection, the Secretary shall set 
forth in a written document that is transmitted to the Director 
of the Office of Personnel Management the rationale for the 
decision of the Secretary to waive such requirements.
      Houlahan amendment #32 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
standardize the Department's policy for flexible use of 
parental leave.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                Offered by Ms. Houlahan of Pennsylvania

  At the end of title III, add the following:

SEC. __. STANDARDIZING DEPARTMENT PARENTAL LEAVE POLICIES.

    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to--
          (1) afford every employee at the Department equal 
        access to leave and workplace flexibilities for 
        childbirth, adoption, and foster care;
          (2) encourage the Department to work towards a 
        parental leave policy that will help recruit and retain 
        a dynamic, multi-talented, and diverse workforce 
        capable of meeting the national security and foreign 
        policy goals of the United States; and
          (3) determine the impacts of flexible leave policies 
        on recruitment and retention rates.
    (b) Establishing Standard Parental Leave Policies.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        establish and implement a standard parental leave 
        policy applicable to Department employees across all 
        bureaus and offices within the Department and Missions 
        abroad. Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
        provide any new category of leave not otherwise 
        provided by law.
          (2) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report describing--
                  (A) the steps taken to implement the policy 
                required under paragraph (1) across all bureaus 
                and offices within the Department and Missions 
                abroad; and
                  (B) any costs associated with such policy.
      Keating amendment #25 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
assess the degree to which foreign governments hold private 
sector representatives accountable for corruption, address 
threats to civil society monitoring corruption, and coordinate 
with the U.S. to prevent, prohibit, and punish public 
corruption.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                Offered by Mr. Keating of Massachusetts

    In section 702(a)(2)(F), strike ``and'' after the semicolon 
at the end.
  In section 702(a)(2)(G), strike ``and'' after the semicolon 
at the end.
  In section 702(a)(2), add at the end the following:
                  (H) holds private sector representatives 
                accountable for their role in public 
                corruption; and
                  (I) addresses threats for civil society to 
                monitor anti-corruption efforts; and
  In section 702(a)(3), insert after subparagraph (C) the 
following:
          (D) the extent to which such government cooperates 
        meaningfully with the United States to strengthen 
        government and judicial institutions and the rule of 
        law to prevent, prohibit, and punish public corruption;
      Keating amendment #29 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
require a biennial report, to sunset after 6 years, on an 
interagency strategy to work with foreign governments and 
multilateral institutions to address the national security 
risks of certain transactions involving foreign investments.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                Offered by Mr. Keating of Massachusetts

  At the end of title VII, add the following:

SEC. 706. FOREIGN INVESTMENTS AND NATIONAL SECURITY.

  (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and biennially thereafter for the 
following six years, the Secretary, in consultation with the 
Secretary of the Treasury, the Director of National 
Intelligence, and the heads of other agencies, as appropriate, 
shall submit to Congress an interagency strategy to work with 
foreign governments and multilateral institutions to guard 
against the risks of certain transactions involving foreign 
investments.
  (b) Contents.--Each interagency strategy under paragraph (1) 
shall include plans relating to the following:
          (1) Information sharing with foreign governments and 
        multilateral institutions regarding risks associated 
        with potential foreign investments.
          (2) Promoting American and other alternatives to 
        foreign investments identified as presenting 
        substantial risk to the national security or 
        sovereignty of a country.
          (3) Providing technical assistance to foreign 
        governments or multilateral institutions regarding 
        screening foreign investments.
          (4) Designating points of contact at each United 
        States mission to foreign governments and multilateral 
        institutions, and in associated regional bureaus, to 
        coordinate efforts described in this paragraph.
  (c) Coordination.--If the Secretary determines such is 
appropriate, the designated points of contact referred to in 
subsection (b)(4) may be the same individual designated under 
section 704(a).
      Keating amendment #30 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
promote greater participation of women in peacekeeping 
operations.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                Offered by Mr. Keating of Massachusetts

    Page 154, line 21, insert ``, and to promote greater 
participation of women in such peacekeeping operations'' before 
the period.
  Page 155, line 10, insert ``, and to promote greater 
participation of women in such programs'' before the period.
      Keating amendment #33 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
extend the 5 U.S.C. 3161 hiring authority for appointing 
employees to the Global Engagement Center.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                Offered by Mr. Keating of Massachusetts

    At the end of title III, add the following:

SEC. 318. APPOINTMENT OF EMPLOYEES TO THE GLOBAL ENGAGEMENT CENTER.

  The Secretary may appoint, for a three year period that may 
be extended for up to an additional two years, solely to carry 
out the functions of the Global Engagement Center, employees of 
the Department without regard to the provisions of title 5, 
United States Code, governing appointment in the competitive 
service, and may fix the basic compensation of such employees 
without regard to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 
of such title.
      Keating amendment #35 to H.R. 3352 An amendment to permit 
the designation of an existing senior-level Department official 
to coordinate on the dispensation of ISIS foreign terrorist 
fighter detainees.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                Offered by Mr. Keating of Massachusetts

    At the end of title IX, add the following:

SEC. 9__. ESTABLISHING A COORDINATOR FOR ISIS DETAINEE ISSUES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the President, acting through the 
Secretary, may designate an existing official within the 
Department to serve as senior-level coordinator to coordinate, 
in conjunction with other relevant Federal departments and 
agencies, all matters for the United States Government relating 
to the long-term disposition of ISIS detainees, including all 
matters in connection with--
          (1) repatriation, transfer, prosecution, and 
        intelligence-gathering;
          (2) coordinating a whole-of-government approach with 
        other countries and international organizations, 
        including INTERPOL, to ensure secure chains of custody 
        and locations of ISIS detainees;
          (3) coordinating the provision of technical and 
        evidentiary assistance to foreign countries to aid in 
        the successful prosecution of ISIS detainees; and
          (4) all multilateral and international engagements 
        led by the Department and other relevant Federal 
        departments and agencies that are related to the 
        current and future handling, detention, or prosecution 
        of ISIS detainees.
  (b) Retention of Existing Authority.--The appointment of a 
senior-level coordinator pursuant to subsection (a) shall not 
deprive any Federal department or agency of any existing 
authority to independently perform the functions of that agency 
relating to ISIS detainees.
  (c) ISIS Detainee Defined.--In this section, the term ``ISIS 
detainee'' means a captured individual--
          (1) who allegedly fought for or supported the Islamic 
        State of Iraq and Syria; and
          (2) who is a national of a country other than Iraq or 
        Syria.
      Keating amendment #36 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
enhance DRL activities to promote civil society and women's 
equal participation and INL activities to address corruption, 
tackle the licit use of financial systems for malign purposes, 
and engage with multilateral organizations on anti-corruption.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                Offered by Mr. Keating of Massachusetts

    Page 9, strike lines 7 through 8 and insert the following:
                          ``(iii) strengthen, empower, and 
                        protect civil society representatives, 
                        programs, and organizations, and 
                        facilitate their ability to engage in 
                        dialogue with governments and other 
                        civil society entities;
                          ``(iv) work with regional bureaus to 
                        ensure adequate personnel at diplomatic 
                        posts are assigned responsibilities 
                        relating to advancing democracy, human 
                        rights, labor rights, women's equal 
                        participation in society, and the rule 
                        of law, with particular attention paid 
                        to adequate oversight and engagement on 
                        such issues by senior officials at such 
                        posts;''.
    Page 13, line 2, insert ``and women's participation'' 
before ``issues''.
  Page 13, line 5, strike ``, and the heads of appropriate 
regional bureaus'' and insert ``, and other senior officials in 
regional and thematic bureaus and offices''.
  Page 13, line 13, insert ``corruption,'' before ``money 
laundering''.
  Page 13, line 14, insert ``the licit use of financial systems 
for malign purposes,'' after ``bulk cash,''.
  Page 13, line 20, insert before the period the following: 
``and engaging with multilateral organizations responsible for 
monitoring and supporting foreign governments' anti-corruption 
efforts''.
      Lieu amendment #63 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
establish a Bug Bounty pilot program and to require a 
Vulnerability Disclosure Process to improve Department cyber-
security, with annual reporting on the process for 6 years.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                 Offered by Mr. Ted Lieu of California

  At the end of title V, add the following:

SEC. 506. DEFINITIONS.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Bug bounty program.--The term ``bug bounty 
        program'' means a program under which an approved 
        individual, organization, or company is temporarily 
        authorized to identify and report vulnerabilities of 
        internet-facing information technology of the 
        Department in exchange for compensation.
          (2) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of State.
          (3) Information technology.--The term ``information 
        technology'' has the meaning given such term in section 
        11101 of title 40, United States Code.
          (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the 
        Secretary of State.
  (b) Department of State Vulnerability Disclosure Process.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        design, establish, and make publicly known a 
        Vulnerability Disclosure Process (VDP) to improve 
        Department cybersecurity by--
                  (A) providing security researchers with clear 
                guidelines for--
                          (i) conducting vulnerability 
                        discovery activities directed at 
                        Department information technology; and
                          (ii) submitting discovered security 
                        vulnerabilities to the Department; and
                  (B) creating Department procedures and 
                infrastructure to receive and fix discovered 
                vulnerabilities.
          (2) Requirements.--In establishing the VDP pursuant 
        to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                  (A) identify which Department information 
                technology should be included in the process;
                  (B) determine whether the process should 
                differentiate among and specify the types of 
                security vulnerabilities that may be targeted;
                  (C) provide a readily available means of 
                reporting discovered security vulnerabilities 
                and the form in which such vulnerabilities 
                should be reported;
                  (D) identify which Department offices and 
                positions will be responsible for receiving, 
                prioritizing, and addressing security 
                vulnerability disclosure reports;
                  (E) consult with the Attorney General 
                regarding how to ensure that individuals, 
                organizations, and companies that comply with 
                the requirements of the process are protected 
                from prosecution under section 1030 of title 
                18, United States Code, and similar provisions 
                of law for specific activities authorized under 
                the process;
                  (F) consult with the relevant offices at the 
                Department of Defense that were responsible for 
                launching the 2016 Vulnerability Disclosure 
                Program, ``Hack the Pentagon'', and subsequent 
                Department of Defense bug bounty programs;
                  (G) engage qualified interested persons, 
                including nongovernmental sector 
                representatives, about the structure of the 
                process as constructive and to the extent 
                practicable; and
                  (H) award contracts to entities, as 
                necessary, to manage the process and implement 
                the remediation of discovered security 
                vulnerabilities.
          (3) Annual reports.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the establishment of the VDP under paragraph (1) and 
        annually thereafter for the next six years, the 
        Secretary of State shall submit to the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report 
        on the VDP, including information relating to the 
        following:
                  (A) The number and severity, in accordance 
                with the National Vulnerabilities Database of 
                the National Institute of Standards and 
                Technology, of security vulnerabilities 
                reported.
                  (B) The number of previously unidentified 
                security vulnerabilities remediated as a 
                result.
                  (C) The current number of outstanding 
                previously unidentified security 
                vulnerabilities and Department of State 
                remediation plans.
                  (D) The average length of time between the 
                reporting of security vulnerabilities and 
                remediation of such vulnerabilities.
                  (E) The resources, surge staffing, roles, and 
                responsibilities within the Department used to 
                implement the VDP and complete security 
                vulnerability remediation.
                  (F) Any other information the Secretary 
                determines relevant.
  (c) Department of State Bug Bounty Pilot Program.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        establish a bug bounty pilot program to minimize 
        security vulnerabilities of internet-facing information 
        technology of the Department.
          (2) Requirements.--In establishing the pilot program 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                  (A) provide compensation for reports of 
                previously unidentified security 
                vulnerabilities within the websites, 
                applications, and other internet-facing 
                information technology of the Department that 
                are accessible to the public;
                  (B) award contracts to entities, as 
                necessary, to manage such pilot program and for 
                executing the remediation of security 
                vulnerabilities identified pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A);
                  (C) identify which Department information 
                technology should be included in such pilot 
                program;
                  (D) consult with the Attorney General on how 
                to ensure that individuals, organizations, or 
                companies that comply with the requirements of 
                such pilot program are protected from 
                prosecution under section 1030 of title 18, 
                United States Code, and similar provisions of 
                law for specific activities authorized under 
                such pilot program;
                  (E) consult with the relevant offices at the 
                Department of Defense that were responsible for 
                launching the 2016 ``Hack the Pentagon'' pilot 
                program and subsequent Department of Defense 
                bug bounty programs;
                  (F) develop a process by which an approved 
                individual, organization, or company can 
                register with the entity referred to in 
                subparagraph (B), submit to a background check 
                as determined by the Department, and receive a 
                determination as to eligibility for 
                participation in such pilot program;
                  (G) engage qualified interested persons, 
                including nongovernmental sector 
                representatives, about the structure of such 
                pilot program as constructive and to the extent 
                practicable; and
                  (H) consult with relevant United States 
                Government officials to ensure that such pilot 
                program complements persistent network and 
                vulnerability scans of the Department of 
                State's internet-accessible systems, such as 
                the scans conducted pursuant to Binding 
                Operational Directive BOD-15-01.
          (3) Duration.--The pilot program established under 
        paragraph (1) should be short-term in duration and not 
        last longer than one year.
          (4) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        on which the bug bounty pilot program under subsection 
        (a) is completed, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives a report on such pilot program, 
        including information relating to--
                  (A) the number of approved individuals, 
                organizations, or companies involved in such 
                pilot program, broken down by the number of 
                approved individuals, organizations, or 
                companies that--
                          (i) registered;
                          (ii) were approved;
                          (iii) submitted security 
                        vulnerabilities; and
                          (iv) received compensation;
                  (B) the number and severity, in accordance 
                with the National Vulnerabilities Database of 
                the National Institute of Standards and 
                Technology, of security vulnerabilities 
                reported as part of such pilot program;
                  (C) the number of previously unidentified 
                security vulnerabilities remediated as a result 
                of such pilot program;
                  (D) the current number of outstanding 
                previously unidentified security 
                vulnerabilities and Department remediation 
                plans;
                  (E) the average length of time between the 
                reporting of security vulnerabilities and 
                remediation of such vulnerabilities;
                  (F) the types of compensation provided under 
                such pilot program; and
                  (G) the lessons learned from such pilot 
                program.
      Malinowski amendment #27 to H.R. 3352: An amendment 
modifying existing ``Leahy Law'' provisions to include acts 
that constitute a war crime.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                Offered by Mr. Malinowski of New Jersey

  At the end of subtitle B of title VIII, insert the following:

SEC. 8__. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATIONS ON ASSISTANCE RELATING TO HUMAN 
                    RIGHTS.

  (a) Modification to the Limitation on Assistance to Security 
Forces.--Subsection (a) of section 620M of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2378d) is amended--
          (1) by inserting ``, including any combined security 
        activities or operations with any such unit,'' after 
        ``of a foreign country''; and
          (2) by inserting ``, including any act that 
        constitutes a war crime, as such term is defined in 
        section 2441 of title 18, United States Code'' after 
        ``gross violation of human rights''.
  (b) Modification to Limitation on Security Assistance.--
Subsection (d) of section 520B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 (22 U.S.C. 2304) is amended by inserting ``any act that 
constitutes a war crime, as such term is defined in section 
2441 of title 18, United States Code,'' after ``the abduction 
and clandestine detention of those persons,''.
      Malinowski amendment #30 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
include on the list required in Sec. 503 contractors who 
knowingly assist or facilitate cyber surveillance on peaceful 
civil society activists and to require the Department to submit 
this to Congress for 5 years after the first iteration is 
produced.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                Offered by Mr. Malinowski of New Jersey

  In section 503(a), add at the end the following: ``Not later 
than 30 days after the initial development of the list under 
this subsection, any update thereto, and annually thereafter 
for five years after such initial 30 day period, the Secretary 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a copy 
of such list.''.
  In section 503, amend subsection (e) to read as follows:
  (e) Covered Contractor Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered contractor'' means a provider of telecommunications, 
telecommunications equipment, or information technology 
equipment, including hardware, software, or services, that has 
knowingly assisted or facilitated a cyber attack or conducted 
surveillance, including passive or active monitoring, carried 
out against--
          (1) the United States by, or on behalf of, any 
        government, or persons associated with such government, 
        listed as a cyber threat actor in the intelligence 
        community's 2017 assessment of worldwide threats to 
        United States national security or any subsequent 
        worldwide threat assessment of the intelligence 
        community; or
          (2) individuals, including activists, journalists, 
        opposition politicians, or other individuals for the 
        purposes of suppressing dissent or intimidating 
        critics, on behalf of a country included in the annual 
        country reports on human rights practices of the 
        Department for systematic acts of political repression, 
        including arbitrary arrest or detention, torture, 
        extrajudicial or politically motivated killing, or 
        other gross violations of human rights.
      Omar amendment #44 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
permissively authorize the Office of Global Criminal Justice at 
the State Department, to be headed by an ambassador-at-large, 
and enumerating duties of the office.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                    Offered by Ms. Omar of Minnesota

  Add at the end of title I the following:

SEC. 119. OFFICE OF GLOBAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE.

  (a) In General.--There should be established within the 
Department an Office of Global Criminal Justice (referred to in 
this section as the ``Office''), which may be placed within the 
organizational structure of the Department at the discretion of 
the Secretary.
  (b) Duties.--The Office should carry out the following:
          (1) Advise the Secretary and other relevant senior 
        officials on issues related to war crimes, crimes 
        against humanity, and genocide.
          (2) Assist in formulating United States policy on the 
        prevention of, responses to, and accountability for 
        mass atrocities.
          (3) Coordinate United States Government positions 
        relating to the international and hybrid courts 
        currently prosecuting persons responsible for genocide, 
        war crimes, and crimes against humanity anywhere in the 
        world.
          (4) Work with other governments, international 
        organizations, and nongovernmental organizations, as 
        appropriate, to establish and assist international and 
        domestic commissions of inquiry, fact-finding missions, 
        and tribunals to investigate, document, and prosecute 
        atrocities in every region of the globe.
          (5) Coordinate the deployment of diplomatic, legal, 
        economic, military, and other tools to help expose the 
        truth, judge those responsible, protect and assist 
        victims, enable reconciliation, deter atrocities, and 
        build the rule of law.
          (6) Provide advice and expertise on transitional 
        justice to United States personnel operating in 
        conflict and post-conflict environments.
          (7) Act as a point of contact for international, 
        hybrid, and mixed tribunals exercising jurisdiction 
        over war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide 
        committed around the world.
          (8) Represent the Department on any interagency 
        whole-of-government coordinating entities addressing 
        genocide and other mass atrocities.
          (9) Perform any additional duties and exercise such 
        powers as the Secretary of State may prescribe.
  (c) Supervision.--The Office should be led by an Ambassador-
at-Large for Global Criminal Justice.
      Phillips amendment #15 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
require a report regarding the causes and effects of Foreign 
Service and civil service staffing shortages at the Department, 
and a plan for implementing GAO recommendations to address 
them.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                  Offered by Mr. Phillips of Minnesota

  In section 313(a)(1), insert ``, including all shortages in 
bureaus described in GAO report GAO-19-220,'' after ``workforce 
data''.
  In section 313(a)(2), strike ``offices'' and insert 
``officers''.
  In section 313, add at the end the following:
  (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report regarding 
root causes of Foreign Service and civil service shortages, the 
effect of such shortages on national security objectives, and 
the Department's plan to implement recommendations described in 
GAO-19-220.
      Reschenthaler amendment #1 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
expand and standardize with the Department of Defense the 
amount of administrative leave the Department can grant to 
individuals serving in overseas posts presenting security or 
operational challenges.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                      Offered by Mr. Reschenthaler

  At the end of title III, add the following:

SEC. __. REST AND RECUPERATION AND OVERSEAS OPERATIONS LEAVE FOR 
                    FEDERAL EMPLOYEES.

  (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 63 of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sections:

``Sec. 6329d. Rest and recuperation leave

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
          ``(1) the term `agency' means an Executive agency (as 
        that term is defined in section 105), but does not 
        include the Government Accountability Office;
          ``(2) the term `combat zone' means a geographic area 
        designated by an Executive Order of the President as an 
        area in which the Armed Forces are engaging or have 
        engaged in combat, an area designated by law to be 
        treated as a combat zone, or a location the Department 
        of Defense has certified for combat zone tax benefits 
        due to its direct support of military operations;
          ``(3) the term `employee' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 6301;
          ``(4) the term `high risk, high threat post' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 104 of the Omnibus 
        Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 
        U.S.C. 4803); and
          ``(5) the term `leave year' means the period 
        beginning on the first day of the first complete pay 
        period in a calendar year and ending on the day 
        immediately before the first day of the first complete 
        pay period in the following calendar year.
  ``(b) Leave for Rest and Recuperation.--The head of an agency 
may prescribe regulations to grant up to 20 days of paid leave, 
per leave year, for the purposes of rest and recuperation to an 
employee of the agency serving in a combat zone, any other high 
risk, high threat post, or any other location presenting 
significant security or operational challenges.
  ``(c) Discretionary Authority of Agency Head.--Use of the 
authority under subsection (b) is at the sole and exclusive 
discretion of the head of the agency concerned.
  ``(d) Records.--An agency shall record leave provided under 
this section separately from leave authorized under any other 
provision of law.

``Sec. 6329e. Overseas operations leave

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
          ``(1) the term `agency' means an Executive agency (as 
        that term is defined in section 105), but does not 
        include the Government Accountability Office;
          ``(2) the term `employee' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 6301; and
          ``(3) the term `leave year' means the period 
        beginning with the first day of the first complete pay 
        period in a calendar year and ending with the day 
        immediately before the first day of the first complete 
        pay period in the following calendar year.
  ``(b) Leave for Overseas Operations.--The head of an agency 
may prescribe regulations to grant up to 10 days of paid leave, 
per leave year, to an employee of the agency serving abroad 
where the conduct of business could pose potential security or 
safety related risks or would be inconsistent with host-country 
practice. Such regulations may provide that additional leave 
days may be granted during such leave year if the head of the 
agency determines that to do so is necessary to advance the 
national security or foreign policy interests of the United 
States.
  ``(c) Discretionary Authority of Agency Head.--Use of the 
authority under subsection (b) is at the sole and exclusive 
discretion of the head of the agency concerned.
  ``(d) Records.--An agency shall record leave provided under 
this section separately from leave authorized under any other 
provision of law.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendments.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 6329c the following new items:

``6329d. Rest and recuperation leave.
``6329e. Overseas operations leave.''.
      Smith amendment #163 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to amend 
the Sean and David Goldman Child Abduction Prevention and 
Return Act of 2014.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                   Offered by Mr. Smith of New Jersey

    Add at the end of title IX the following:

SEC. 903. SEAN AND DAVID GOLDMAN CHILD ABDUCTION PREVENTION AND RETURN 
                    ACT OF 2014 AMENDMENT.

    Subsection (b) of section 101 of the Sean and David Goldman 
International Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act of 2014 
(22 U.S.C. 9111; Public Law 113-150) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``, respectively,'' 
                        after ``access cases''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``and the number of 
                        children involved'' before the 
                        semicolon at the end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (D), by inserting 
                ``respectively, the number of children 
                involved,'' after ``access cases'';
          (2) in paragraph (7), by inserting ``, and number of 
        children involved in such cases'' before the semicolon 
        at the end;
          (3) in paragraph (8), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon at the end;
          (4) in paragraph (9), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(10) the total number of pending cases the 
        Department of State has assigned to case officers and 
        number of children involved for each country and as a 
        total for all countries.''.
      Spanberger amendment #13 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
enhance coordination between Main State, diplomatic posts, and 
other Federal departments and agencies on security assistance 
planning.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                 Offered by Ms. Spanberger of Virginia

      In section 811(e)(2)(A), insert ``and with United States 
diplomatic posts and other Federal departments and agencies'' 
after ``such bureaus and offices''.
      Spanberger amendment #14 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
incorporate assessments of the impact of U.S. forces in a 
country or region into security assistance planning and to 
create metrics for assessing the effectiveness of such 
assistance for enabling the reallocation of forces other high 
priority missions.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                 Offered by Ms. Spanberger of Virginia

  At the end of section 813(a)(3), add the following (and make 
appropriate technical and conforming amendments):
                  (D) assessing the impact on Department 
                security assistance objectives, programs, and 
                activities of United States military activities 
                in the country or region covered by country or 
                regional strategy, including the number of 
                United States forces deployed, the duration of 
                deployment, the purpose for which they were 
                deployed, and the authority under which they 
                are operating.
  In section 813(a)(4)(B), strike ``counter shared threats'' 
and insert ``countering shared threats and increased burden 
sharing, including in ways that enable reallocation of United 
States military deployments to other high priority missions''.
      Spanberger amendment #15 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
improve coordination between the Department and U.S. combatant 
commands on the planning and implementation of security 
assistance.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                 Offered by Ms. Spanberger of Virginia

  In section 814(b)(1), add at the end the following:
                  (D) An identification of the specific 
                mechanisms to improve coordination between 
                Department of State bureaus and offices 
                involved in planning, executing, or overseeing 
                security assistance programs and activities and 
                the United States combatant command or commands 
                relevant to such bureaus and offices.
                  (E) An assessment of the advisability and 
                feasibility of expanding existing mechanisms or 
                establishing new mechanisms to detail employees 
                from Department of State bureaus and offices 
                involved in planning, executing, or overseeing 
                security assistance programs and activities to 
                United States combatant commands and from the 
                Department of Defense to such Department of 
                State bureaus and offices for the purpose of 
                improving coordination on security assistance 
                planning and implementation.
      Spanberger amendment #16 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to 
include policies relating to sexual assault prevention and 
response in Department training and to protect against 
retaliation for individuals reporting sexual harassment or 
sexual assault in the Department.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                 Offered by Ms. Spanberger of Virginia

    In the matter preceding paragraph (1) of subsection (d) of 
section 402, insert ``and assess the effectiveness of'' before 
``the efforts of the Department''.
    In paragraph (2) of such subsection (d), insert ``, both 
domestically and at posts overseas'' before the semicolon at 
the end.
    In paragraph (4) of such subsection (d), insert ``or for 
reporting sexual harassment or sexual assault'' before the 
semicolon at the end.
  Insert before paragraph (1)(A) of subsection (c) of section 
404 the following new subparagraph (and redesignate 
accordingly):
                  (A) ensure the provision of training on anti-
                harassment and anti-discrimination information 
                and policies to all individuals in the 
                workforce;
  In paragraph (1)(B) of such subsection (c) (as so 
redesignated), insert ``, including policies relating to sexual 
assault prevention and response'' before the semicolon.
      Titus amendment #22 to H.R. 3352: An amendment to expand 
the duties of, and urge consultation by Department officials 
with, the permissively authorized Office of International 
Disability Rights.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                     Offered by Ms. Titus of Nevada

  In section 105(b)(2), strike ``and'' after the semicolon at 
the end.
  In section 105(b)(3), strike the period at the end and insert 
``; and''.
  In section 105(b), add at the end the following:
          (4) represent the United States in diplomatic and 
        multilateral fora on matters relevant to the rights of 
        persons with disabilities, and work to raise the 
        profile of disability across a broader range of 
        organizations contributing to international development 
        efforts;
          (5) conduct regular consultation with civil society 
        organizations working to advance international 
        disability rights and empower persons with disabilities 
        internationally;
          (6) consult with other relevant offices at the 
        Department that are responsible for drafting annual 
        reports documenting progress on human rights, 
        including, wherever applicable, references to instances 
        of discrimination, prejudice, or abuses of persons with 
        disabilities;
          (7) advise the Bureau of Human Resources Development 
        of the Department regarding the hiring and recruitment 
        and overseas practices of civil service employees and 
        Foreign Service officers with disabilities and their 
        family members with chronic medical conditions or 
        disabilities.
  In section 105, add at the end the following:
  (d) Consultation.--The Secretary should direct Ambassadors at 
Large, Representatives, Special Envoys, and coordinators 
working on human rights to consult with the Office to promote 
the human rights and full participation in international 
development activities of all persons with disabilities.
      Zeldin amendment #48 to H.R. 3352: An amendment modifying 
the authorities of the Commission for the Preservation of 
America's Heritage Abroad and requiring a report on the extent 
to which the Commission is able to continue its activities, 
including if the Commission's duties and powers were extended 
to additional regions.

                         Amendment to H.R. 3352

                   Offered by Mr. Zeldin of New York

  At the end of title IX, add the following:

SEC. _. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES OF COMMISSION FOR THE PRESERVATION 
                    OF AMERICA'S HERITAGE ABROAD.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 3123 of title 54, United States 
Code, is amended as follows:
          (1) In section 312302, by inserting ``, and unimpeded 
        access to those sites,'' after ``and historic 
        buildings''.
          (2) In section 312304(a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``and historic 
                        buildings'' and inserting ``and 
                        historic buildings, and unimpeded 
                        access to those sites''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``and protected'' 
                        and inserting ``, protected, and made 
                        accessible''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and 
                protecting'' and inserting ``, protecting, and 
                making accessible''.
          (3) In section 312305, by inserting ``and to the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
        of the Senate'' after ``President''.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Commission for the Preservation of 
America's Heritage Abroad shall submit to the President and to 
the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate a report that contains an evaluation of the extent to 
which the Commission is prepared to continue its activities and 
accomplishments with respect to the foreign heritage of United 
States citizens from eastern and central Europe, were the 
Commission's duties and powers extended to include other 
regions, including the Middle East and North Africa, and any 
additional resources or personnel the Commission would require.
    The measure and amendments considered en bloc were agreed 
to by voice vote, a quorum being present.
    By unanimous consent, the measure was ordered favorably 
reported, as amended.

                      COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the committee reports that 
findings and recommendations of the committee, based on 
oversight activities under clause 2(b)(1) of House Rule X, are 
incorporated in the descriptive portions of this report, 
particularly in the ``Background and Need for Legislation'' 
section.

      NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY, TAX EXPENDITURES, AND FEDERAL MANDATES

    The Committee has requested but not yet received a 
Congressional Budget Office Score for H.R. 3352.

               CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE COST ESTIMATE

    The Committee has requested but not yet received a 
Congressional Budget Office score for H.R. 3352.

                  NON-DUPLICATION OF FEDERAL PROGRAMS

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(5) of House Rule XIII, the 
committee States that no provision of this bill establishes or 
reauthorizes a program of the Federal Government known to be 
duplicative of another Federal program, a program that was 
included in any report from the Government Accountability 
Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-
139, or a program related to a program identified in the most 
recent Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance.

                    PERFORMANCE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

    As explained with greater specificity in the ``Purpose and 
Summary'' and ``Section-by-Section Analysis'' sections of this 
report, the general goal of H.R. 3352 is to provide for certain 
authorities of the Department of State. This includes 
provisions related to the organization and operations of the 
Department, embassy security, personnel, recruiting and 
retaining a diverse work force, information security, 
countering public corruption, administering security 
assistance, and other items.

                    CONGRESSIONAL ACCOUNTABILITY ACT

    H.R. 3352 does not apply to terms and conditions of 
employment or to access to public services or accommodations 
within the legislative branch.

                        NEW ADVISORY COMMITTEES

    H.R. 3352 does not establish or authorize any new advisory 
committees.

                         EARMARK IDENTIFICATION

    H.R. 3352 contains no congressional earmarks, limited tax 
benefits, or limited tariff benefits as described in clauses 
9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of House Rule XXI.

                      SECTION-BY-SECTION ANALYSIS


               Section 1. Short Title; Table of Contents.


 Section 2. Definitions. Defines relevant terms that appear throughout 
                               this Act.


    Title I _ Organization and Operation of the Department of State

    Section 101. Sense of Congress on Importance of the 
Department of State's Work. Sense of Congress on the importance 
of the work of the State Department and the U.S. Agency for 
International Development (``USAID'') as agencies that promote 
U.S. national security and prosperity.
    Section 102. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. 
Places any special envoys, Ambassadors-at-large, and 
coordinators within the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and 
Labor (DRL) under the supervision of the Assistant Secretary of 
DRL. Codifies the authorities of the Assistant Secretary and 
existing DRL Bureau.
    Section 103. Assistant Secretary for International 
Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. Amends the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act to codify the existing 
Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics and Law 
Enforcement Affairs. Delineates areas of responsibility and 
identifies certain duties for the Assistant Secretary. It also 
modifies the annual International Narcotics Control Strategy 
Report to add a requirement related to partner vetting.
    Section 104. Bureau of Consular Affairs; Bureau of 
Population, Refugees, and Migration. Codifies the existence of 
two longstanding Bureaus in the Department: the Bureau of 
Consular Affairs; and the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and 
Migration.
    Section 105. Office of International Disability Rights. 
Permissively authorizes the activities of an Office of 
International Disability Rights, to be supervised by a senior 
official at the Department's discretion.
    Section 106. Office of Global Women's Issues. Permissively 
authorizes the activities of the existing Office of Global 
Women's Issues, to be supervised by an ambassador-at-Large, and 
mandates a report on the implementation of the duties of the 
office.
    Section 107. Special Appointments. Requires the State 
Department to report to Congress on recommendations for keeping 
or eliminating existing administratively created special 
envoys. Eliminates administratively created special envoys and 
offices that are not presented for Senate advice and consent 
within 90 days of submitting that report and allows for the 
establishment or re-establishment of any special envoys if 
presented for advice and consent within 90 days of appointment. 
Allows the appointment of temporary special envoys after 
notification to Congress that the described envoy will not 
exercise significant authority. Eliminates the Special 
Representative for Burma in light of the 2012 appointment of an 
ambassador to Burma.
    Section 108. Anti-Piracy Information Sharing. Improves the 
ability of the United States to share and receive information 
to combat piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia by 
authorizing continued U.S. participation in the anti-Piracy 
Information Center in Singapore.
    Section 109. Importance of Foreign Affairs Training to 
National Security. Expresses the sense of Congress that 
effective training of State Department personnel is essential 
to the national security of the United States.
    Section 110. Authorization for Receipt of Private Funding 
for Diplomatic Studies and Training. Authorizes the Foreign 
Service Institute to accept private contributions to assist 
with the training of State Department personnel. Requires the 
names of donors be made available to Congress.
    Section 111. Classification and Assignment of Foreign 
Service Officers. Permits the State Department to temporarily 
fill Foreign Service designated positions that have been vacant 
for more than 365 days with persons who are not members of the 
Foreign Service.
    Section 112. Energy Diplomacy and Security. Replaces the 
Coordinator for International Energy Affairs with an 
authorization for an Assistant Secretary for Energy Resources 
and a requirement that there be personnel dedicated to energy 
matters within the Department responsible for various energy 
policy priorities enumerated in this section.
    Section 113. Passport fees. Permanently authorizes 
surcharge authority under the Western Hemisphere Travel 
Initiative (an authority that expired in 2010 and has been 
reinstated on an annual basis in appropriations bills).
    Section 114. United States Diplomacy Center. Authorizes the 
Department to recover costs through fees generated for the use 
of center facilities and regulates the disposition of artifacts 
in the Center's control.
    Section 115. Extension of period for reimbursement of 
commercial fishermen for costs incurred from the illegal 
seizure and detention of US-flag fishing vessels by foreign 
governments. Permanently authorizes the Department to reimburse 
fishermen for fines and direct costs incurred from illegal 
seizure of U.S.-flag fishing vessels as a result of a claim of 
jurisdiction not recognized by the U.S. (permanently 
authorizing what has previously been authorized in annual 
appropriations bills).
    Section 116. Art in embassies. Requires consultation with 
and notification to Congress prior to purchase of any 
individual piece of art in excess of $50,000 for the next two 
years and mandates a one-time report on prior costs of the Art 
in Embassies program.
    Section 117. Admendment or repeal of reporting 
requirements. Eliminates or reduces and revises reporting 
requirements no longer relevant for Congress and the 
Department.
    Section 118. Reporting on Implementation of GAO 
Recommendations. Requires the State Department to report on and 
justify unimplemented GAO recommendations.
    Section 119. Office of Global Criminal Justice. 
Permissively authorizes an Office of Global Criminal Justice to 
be located within the Department at the Secretary's discretion, 
and describes the duties of the position, with emphasis on 
forums for accountability for crimes against humanity.

                    Title II _ Embassy Construction

    Section 201. Embassy Construction, Security, and 
Maintenance. Authorization of funds for Embassy security, 
construction, and maintenance for Fiscal Year 2020 at Fiscal 
Year House appropriated level.
    Section 202. Standardization in Capital Construction. A 
Sense of Congress that the Department should give due 
consideration to standardization in design of new embassy 
compounds and keep customization to a minimum.
    Section 203. Capital Construction Transparency. Requires 
the State Department to report to Congress quarterly instead of 
annually on all ongoing capital construction projects, 
including information on budget, schedule, and contractor 
claims for the next four years.
    Section 204. Contractor Performance Information. Requires 
the State Department to complete contractor performance 
evaluations required by the Federal Acquisition Regulation, 
brief Congress, and develop a prioritization system for 
clearing its current backlog of evaluations.
    Section 205. Growth Projections for New Embassies and 
Consulates. Requires the State Department to base growth 
projections for new embassies and consulates on available data 
(rather than assuming 10 percent growth for all projects).
    Section 206. Long-Range Planning Process. Requires the 
State Department to re-start its long-term planning process for 
building and maintaining new diplomatic posts and reexamining 
America's overseas diplomatic ``footprint'' for the next five 
years.
    Section 207. Value Engineering and Risk Assessment. 
Requires the State Department to confirm to Congress that it 
has met standing requirements to conduct value engineering and 
risk assessment studies on major capital construction projects, 
and to make the results of those studies available to Congress 
if requested.
    Section 208. Business Volume. Clarifies existing statute 
that requires bidders on capital construction projects to have 
achieved business volume equal to the project they're bidding 
on over the course of three years out of the previous five.
    Section 209. Embassy Security Requests and Deficiencies. 
Requires the State Department to make available to Congress 
information on security deficiencies at posts abroad.
    Section 210. Overseas Security Briefings. Requires the 
State Department to revise the Foreign Affairs Manual to 
stipulate that information on the current threat environment 
shall be provided to all U.S. Government personnel traveling 
overseas on official business_prior to their arrival, to the 
extent practicable.
    Sec. 211. Contracting Methods in Capital Construction. 
Requires the State Department to use design-build contracts for 
capital construction, unless the Secretary justifies use of 
another method to the appropriate congressional committees.
    Sec. 212. Competition in Embassy Construction. Requires the 
State Department to report to the appropriate congressional 
committees on efforts to increase competition in embassy 
construction contracts.
    Sec. 213. Statement of Policy. Expresses that it is the 
policy of the United States that the State Department's 
Overseas Building Office should balance functionality and 
security with accessibility in the construction of U.S. 
embassies and consulates.
    Sec. 214. Definitions. Defines ``design-build'' and ``non-
standard design.''

                      Title III _ Personnel Issues

    Section 301. Defense Base Act Insurance Waivers. Requires 
State to apply for waivers to a law requiring foreign 
contractors to have workers compensation insurance if 
contractors are already covered domestically. State used to 
have waiver authority, but now has to get waivers from 
Department of Labor and has not done so for all countries in 
which contractors are covered domestically.
    Section 302. Study on Foreign Service Allowances. Requires 
the Secretary to submit a report to Congress analyzing the 
effect of overseas allowances on the foreign assignment of 
Foreign Service Officers (FSOs), and particularly how such 
allowances incentivize FSOs to bid on certain assignments, to 
be conducted by a federally funded research and development 
center with appropriate expertise in labor economics and 
military compensation.
    Section 303. Science and Technology Fellowships. Authorizes 
the State Department to make grants or enter into cooperative 
agreements, not to exceed $500k per fiscal year, related to 
Department science and technology fellowship programs. This 
includes the Jefferson Science Fellows Program, which brings 
distinguished science and technology university professors into 
the State Department as unpaid consultants for one to 2 years. 
These fellows receive salary and benefits from their 
universities and work on issues that include nuclear programs, 
export controls, and energy. This authority would facilitate 
recruitment and coverage of travel and other appropriate 
expenses of fellows.
    Section 304. Travel for Separated Families. Allows a 
Foreign Service Officer's child whose other parent is in a 
different location to transfer their State Department-paid 
airline ticket (allowed for in statute for the child to visit 
the other parent) to the other parent.
    Section 305. Home Leave Travel for Separated Families. 
Allows a Foreign Service Officer at an unaccompanied post to 
take their home leave travel wherever their family is residing 
if they are not residing in the United States.
    Section 306. Sense of Congress Regarding Certain Fellowship 
Programs. States that it is the sense of Congress that the 
State Department and USAID should fulfill their obligations to 
each Rangel, Pickering, and Payne fellow as defined in their 
original contractual agreements.
    Section 307. Technical Correction. Clarifies that certain 
prerequisites for promotion into the Senior Foreign Service as 
carried in the Department of State Authorities Act for Fiscal 
Year (P.L. 114-323) only apply to Foreign Service Officer 
generalists (and not specialists).
    Section 308. Foreign Service Awards. Amends the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 to clarify that members of the Civil 
Service may be awarded Department Awards.
    Section 309. Diplomatic Programs. Encourages the Department 
to continue recruiting and training personnel at a rate 
consistent with prior years. Requires that the Secretary notify 
and report to Congress on the Department's strategic staffing 
plan prior to pursuing a reduction-in-force or ``buyouts'' of 
personnel.
    Section 310. Sense of Congress Regarding Veterans 
Employment at the Department of State
    Encourages the Department to continue to promote the 
employment of veterans and recognizes their significant 
contributions.
    Section 311. Employee Assignment Restrictions and 
Preclusions
    Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to expressly grant 
an employee subjected to an assignment restriction or 
preclusion the same appeal rights available regarding denial or 
revocation of security clearance and instructs the Secretary to 
inform employees of this right by updating the Foreign Affairs 
Manual accordingly.
    Section 312. Recall and Reemployment of Career Members
    Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to clarify that 
former career tenured Foreign Service Officers who separated 
from the Department for other than cause during the prior 3 
years may be reemployed and shall not be required to take a 
directed first assignment upon reappointment. Also requires the 
Department and USAID to make public all employment and 
promotion opportunities, including those offered under merit 
promotion procedures which shall expressly State that former 
employees eligible for reinstatement may apply, to help former 
civil service employees eligible for reemployment identify such 
opportunities.
    Section 313. Strategic Staffing Plan for the Department
    Requires the Secretary to develop a comprehensive 5-year 
strategic staffing plan for the Department that is aligned with 
the objectives of the National Security Strategy, including 
data on current and projected work force needs. Requires a one-
time report on root causes and effects of Foreign Service and 
civil service staffing shortages and the Department's plan to 
implement related U.S. Government Accountability Office 
recommendations.
    Section 314. Consulting services. Makes permanent a 
requirement previously carried in appropriations bills for the 
State Department to publicize any contract for consulting 
services, which otherwise may not have been required to be made 
public.
    Section 315. Incentives for critical posts. Makes the 
permissive authority for incentive payments to hardship posts 
permanent.
    Section 316. Extension of Authority for Certain 
Accountability Review Boards. The requirement for an 
``Accountability Review Board'' for incidents involving serious 
injury or significant destruction of property at U.S. missions 
has been waived for Afghanistan and Iraq since 2005, due to the 
difficulty and danger of conducting such reviews in areas of 
active combat. This provision deletes Iraq from the waiver and 
extends the waiver for Afghanistan, Syria, and Yemen until 
September 30, 2022.
    Section 317. Foreign Service suspension without pay. 
Enables indefinite suspension without pay if FSOs are 
reasonably believed to have committed an imprisonable crime. 
For FSOs who have had their security clearance suspended, the 
provision allows for suspension of duties without pay only 
after the initial adjudication of their security clearance 
suspension is completed, and requires congressional 
notification if the adjudication process endures beyond one 
calendar year.
    Section 318. Foreign Affairs Manual and Foreign Affairs 
Handbook changes. Requires quarterly reports to Congress on 
changes made to the Foreign Affairs Manual or the Foreign 
Affairs handbook; the requirement sunsets in 5 years.
    Section 319. Waiver authority for individual occupational 
requirements of certain positions. Authorizes the Secretary to 
waive occupational requirements for a civil service position 
under the GS-0130 (foreign affairs) occupational series based 
on the individual's technical expertise, based on demonstrated 
job performance and qualifying experience. Waivers under this 
authority must be submitted to the Director of the Office of 
Personnel Management.
    Section 320. Standardizing Department parental leave 
policies. Requires the Secretary to establish and implement a 
standard parental leave policy applicable to all employees.
    Section 321. Appointment of employees to the Global 
Engagement Center. Authorizes non-competitive temporary 
appointment for 3 years, with a 2-year extension, of staff for 
the Global Engagement Center.
    Section 322. Rest and recuperation and overseas operations 
leave for Federal employees. Authorizes up to 20 days of paid 
leave for rest and recuperation per year for civil service 
employees to align leave policy with that of other federal 
agencies.

 Title IV _ A Diverse Workforce: Recruitment, Retention, and Promotion

    Section 401. Definitions. Defines relevant terms that 
appear throughout this title.
    Section 402. Collection, Analysis, and Dissemination of 
Workforce Data. Requires the State Department to report on 
demographic data related to its work force and diversity 
efforts--including enforcing anti-harassment and anti-
discrimination policies, preventing unlawful discrimination or 
retaliation, providing reasonable accommodation, and recruiting 
a diverse work force_in a substantial first report and annual 
updates for five years.
    Section 403. Exit Interviews for work force. Requires the 
Director General of the Foreign Service to offer departing 
employees the opportunity for an exit interview and analyze the 
results for diversity impacts. Encourages periodic interviews 
with retained staff. Requires the State Department to track 
demographic data on participation in professional development 
programs and encourage participation from underrepresented 
groups.
    Section 404. Recruitment and retention. Encourages the 
State Department to recruit a diverse work force by preparing a 
diversity recruitment plan, recruiting at minority-serving 
institutions and job fairs in urban and rural communities, and 
providing opportunities through leadership programs and 
international affairs organizations dedicated to shared 
diversity goals. Expands anti-harassment and anti-
discrimination training and makes such expanded training 
mandatory for senior/supervisory officials and officials with 
personnel-related responsibilities.
    Section 405. Leadership engagement and accountability. 
Requires the Secretary to implement performance and advancement 
requirements that reward and recognize senior management 
efforts to promote diversity and inclusion. Urges senior 
management to ensure that appointments to external advisory 
committees or boards represent the diversity of the Department.
    Section 406. Professional development opportunities and 
tools. Authorizes the Secretary to approve additional external 
career advancement opportunities, including participation in 
academic programs; private-public exchanges; and details to 
outside organizations, such as private or international 
organizations, State and local governments, and other branches 
of the Federal Government. Also requires the Secretary to 
sponsor members of the work force to participate in a Senior 
Executive Service candidate development program or similar 
programs.
    Section 407. Examination and oral assessment for the 
Foreign Service. Requires the oral assessment to be offered in 
not fewer than three time zones per year, in cities on a 
rotating basis.
    Section 408. Payne Fellowship Authorization. Authorizes the 
existing Donald M. Payne fellowship program to conduct outreach 
to help attract outstanding students from diverse ethnic and 
socioeconomic backgrounds to Foreign Service careers.
    Section 409. Voluntary Participation. Clarifies that all 
the data collected under Title 4 is voluntary and subject to 
relevant privacy protections.

                     Title V _ Information Security

    Section 501. Definitions. Defines relevant terms that 
appear throughout this title.
    Section 502. Information System Security. Requires the 
Secretary to regularly consult appropriate departments or 
agencies regarding the security of the State Department's 
information systems. Also requires a regular report on 
penetrations and compromises of the Department's systems and 
networks, including an assessment of the source of the breach, 
the risk it poses across U.S. networks, and what actions the 
Department is taking to prevent future attacks.
    Section 503. Prohibition on Contracting with Certain 
Telecommunications Providers. Requires the State Department to 
develop and maintain a list in coordination with the Office of 
the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), a copy of which 
shall be submitted annually to the relevant congressional 
committees for 5 years, of contractors that have knowingly 
participated in a cyberattack or surveillance against the U.S. 
on behalf of a cyber threat actor, or against individuals for 
the purposes of suppressing dissent on behalf of a country 
included in the annual country reports on human rights 
practices for systematic acts of political repression. 
Prohibits the State Department from contracting with 
contractors on the list.
    Section 504. Preserving records of electronic 
communications conducted related to official duties of 
positions in the public trust of the American people. Sense of 
Congress and requirement to clarify in the Foreign Affairs 
Manual that records preservation law applies to communications 
on electronic messaging systems, software, and applications.
    Section 505. Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) 
series and declassification. Lowers the timeframe to 
automatically declassify Department historical records.
    Section 506. Vulnerability Disclosure Policy and Bug Bounty 
Pilot Program. Requires the Secretary to establish a 
Vulnerability Disclosure Process (VDP) through which to engage 
with security researchers toward discovering Department cyber 
vulnerabilities. Also requires the Secretary to establish a bug 
bounty pilot program to register and incentivize private 
individuals and organizations to conduct research to detect 
such vulnerabilities.

                      Title VI _ Public Diplomacy

    Section 601. Short title.
    Section 602. Avoiding duplication of programs and efforts. 
Emphasizes the need for the State Department's Under Secretary 
for Public Affairs to increase coordination and efficiency, and 
to eliminate duplicative functions.
    Section 603. Improving Research and Evaluation of Public 
Diplomacy. Directs the Secretary to conduct regular research 
and evaluation of public diplomacy programs. Establishes a 
Director of Research and Evaluation, without increasing overall 
positions in the Department, and with budget authority and 
responsibility for directing and coordinating all State 
Department public diplomacy research and evaluation activities. 
Recommends allocating increased public diplomacy program funds 
for research and evaluation. Exempts data collection and its 
usage from the Paperwork Reduction and Privacy Acts. 
Establishes a subcommittee for research and evaluation in the 
Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy to evaluate the 
Department's public diplomacy research and evaluation efforts.
    Section 604. Permanent reauthorization of the United States 
Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.
    Section 605. Streamlining of support functions. Requires a 
report from a working group established by the Department to 
look at streamlining executive and administrative functions in 
the family of bureaus under the Undersecretary for Public 
Diplomacy and Public Affairs.
    Section 606. Guidance for closure of public diplomacy 
facilities. Requires collecting, analyzing, and disseminating 
information on the impact on public diplomacy activities in the 
construction of new embassy compounds that will result in the 
closure of an American Space.
    Section 607. Definitions.

                Title VII _ Combating Public Corruption

    Section 701. Sense of Congress. Expresses the Sense of 
Congress that it is in the foreign policy interest of the 
United States to help other countries promote good governance 
and combat public corruption, and that the State Department 
should promote greater coordination among the Federal 
departments and agencies implementing programs toward that end.
    Section 702. Annual Assessment. Requires the Secretary for 
each of the fiscal years 2020 through 2026 to utilize 
independent, third party indicators and other considerations to 
assess the capacity and commitment of foreign countries to 
combat public corruption. Upon completing the assessment, the 
Secretary is required to provide to the appropriate 
congressional committees and make publicly available a report 
that identifies those countries that are: (1) meeting minimum 
standards to combat public corruption; (2) not meeting minimum 
standards but making significant efforts to do so; or (3) are 
neither meeting minimum standards nor making significant 
efforts to do so. The Secretary may provide a briefing to the 
appropriate committee in lieu of a report if the Secretary 
determines that publishing such report would undermine existing 
U.S. anti-corruption efforts or threaten U.S. national 
interests.
    Section 703. Transparency and Accountability. Requires the 
Secretary, in coordination with the USAID Administrator, to 
ensure that a corruption risk assessment and mitigation 
strategy is included in the integrated country strategy for 
each country identified as either ``not meeting minimum 
standards but making significant efforts to do so,'' or 
``neither meeting minimum standards nor making significant 
efforts.'' Further requires the Secretary, in coordination with 
the Administrator, to utilize appropriate mechanisms to combat 
corruption in such countries.
    Section 704. Designation of Embassy Anti-Corruption Points 
of Contact. Requires the Secretary to designate an 
anticorruption point of contact at the U.S. mission to each 
country identified in section 702. Points of contact shall be 
responsible for coordinating and overseeing a whole-of-
government approach to combatting public corruption in their 
posted countries.
    Section 705. Reporting Requirements. Requires an annual 
report on implementation of this anti-corruption title. Further 
requires the Secretary to make available existing reports 
relating to foreign corruption on a single, public, online 
platform. Requires the incorporation of anti-corruption 
training into existing Foreign Service and Civil Service 
training courses.
    Section 706. Foreign investments and national security. 
Requires the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of 
the Treasury, the Director of National Intelligence, and the 
heads of other agencies, as appropriate to develop an 
interagency strategy to work with foreign governments and 
multilateral institutions to guard against the risks of certain 
transactions involving foreign investments. Requires a biannual 
report on the strategy over the next 6 years.

        Title VIII _ Matters Relating to International Security

    Section 801. Short title.
    Section 802. Security Assistance Defined. Defines 
``security assistance'' for purposes of this title.

          Subtitle A _ Reforms Relating to Security Assistance

    Section 811. Organizational Reform. Requires the Secretary 
of State to designate a working group on security assistance 
within Department senior management, mandates establishment of 
an Office of Security Assistance within the designated Under 
Secretary's bureau, and calls for an organization plan and 
designates officers to coordinate security assistance in 
relevant offices and diplomatic posts. Requires a report to 
Congress on the above within 180 days of passage of this Act.
    Section 812. Workforce Development. Requires the Secretary 
to establish a security assistance curriculum for training to 
be provided at the Department's Foreign Service Institute.
    Section 813. Security Assistance Planning. Requires the 
Office of Security Assistance established in section 811 to 
create a Global Framework for security assistance planning to 
be used by relevant bureaus and diplomatic posts for regional 
and country-specific planning _with identification of priority 
countries as part of Department-level planning. Requires the 
Office to coordinate development of definitions for different 
levels of security assistance, including specifically a 
definition for ``significant'' security assistance; and 
requires the office to coordinate with the DRL Bureau to define 
baseline norms of governance and rule of law. Outlines elements 
to be used in assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of 
security assistance in countries receiving ``significant'' 
security assistance and requires coordination of security 
assistance resources. Directs the Secretary, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Defense, to establish multi-year compacts 
with governments of countries that receive security assistance. 
Establishes an annual reporting requirement on security 
assistance planning and implementation.
    Section 814. Interagency Coordination of Security 
Assistance, Transfers, and Security Cooperation. Calls for 
creation of a central common data base, in coordination with 
the Secretary of Defense and other appropriate agencies, 
focused on security assistance. Requires a report to 
appropriate congressional committees assessing coordination 
between the Department of State security assistance programs 
and the Department of Defense security cooperation programs.
    Section 815. Rule of Construction. Noting in this title 
shall affect implementation of subsection (h) of section 36 of 
the Arms Export Control Act, which ensures that arms sales or 
export shall not adversely affect Israel's qualitative military 
edge.

                Subtitle B _ Foreign Military Assistance

    Section 821. Strategic Allocation of Excess Defense 
Articles. Clarifies that the Secretary, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Defense, shall allocate_distinct from actual 
delivery of excess defense articles (EDA) in accordance with 
national security priorities. Authorizes use of security 
assistance funds to refurbish and upgrade such EDA. Increases 
the threshold for congressional notification of EDA from $7 
million to $25 million (consistent with inflation since the 
former threshold was established in 1961). Increases the annual 
cap on EDA transfers from $500 million to $600 million.
    Section 822. Modification of Purposes for which Military 
Sales by the United States are Authorized. Expressly States 
that anti-terrorism is an ``internal security'' purpose for 
which military sales are authorized.
    Section 823. Return of Defense Articles. Amends Section 21 
of the Arms Export Control Act to authorize the Secretary to 
accept return of ``significant military equipment'' from a 
country or international organization.
    Section 824. Requirements Relating to Exemptions for 
Licensing of Defense Items. Amends Section 38(j) of the Arms 
Export Control Act to expressly include the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization as an entity eligible for exemptions for 
licensing of defense items.
    Section 825. Amendment to General Provisions. Amends 
Section 42(a) of the Arms Export Control Act to expressly State 
that procurements made under that Act outside the United States 
shall be made on a competitive basis.
    Section 826. Technical amendments to the Arms Export 
Control Act. Amends Section 36 of the Act to add direct 
reference to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
    Section 827. Sense of Congress on Licensing under United 
States Arms Export Control Programs. Encourages the President 
to develop a new framework for licensing under arms export 
control programs.
    Section 828. Extension of War Reserve Stockpile Authority. 
Extends existing authorities through 2021.
    Section 829. Peacekeeping Operations and Other National 
Security Programs. Amends Section 551 of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 to authorize assistance to enhance the capacity of 
foreign civilian security forces to participate in peacekeeping 
and counterterrorism operations. Provides notwithstanding 
authority to use any funds appropriated for peacekeeping 
operations to be used to disarm, demobilize, and reintegrate 
into civilian society former members of foreign terrorist 
organizations. Also encourages promotion of greater 
participation of women in such peacekeeping operations. 
Establishes a notification requirement prior to obligation of 
funds for peacekeeping operations purposes.
    Section 830. Other Amendments to Military Assistance 
Authorities. Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to 
expressly include regional and international organizations as 
eligible recipients. Amends Section 620M of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 to clarify that public reporting may 
only be limited if disclosure would endanger the safety of 
human resources or reveal sensitive intelligence sources and 
methods, and to require an annual report on a vetting process 
for security forces of foreign countries to receive assistance.
    Section 831. Repeal of Reports. Repeals Annual Report on 
World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers; Annual Report 
relating to the Commission on Security and Cooperation in 
Europe; and Report on Assistance relating to International 
Terrorism.
    Section 832. Defense trade controls registration fees. 
Permits the Department to use registration fees to support 
management, licensing, compliance, and policy activities 
related to defense trade controls.
    Section 833. Withholding of assistance to units of foreign 
security forces that engaged in sexual exploitation or abuse in 
peacekeeping operations. Makes permanent an annual 
authorization withholding funds from government units credibly 
alleged to have engaged in such activities.
    Section 834. Modification to limitations on assistance 
relating to human rights. Amends the restriction in Section 
620M of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 on assistance to 
security forces of a foreign country if the Secretary has 
credible information that such unit has committed a gross 
violation of human rights; expands the restriction to any joint 
operation involving such unit, and expands its application to 
include any act constituting a war crime as defined in section 
2441 of Title 18 of U.S. Code.

            Subtitle C _ Studies on Authorities and Programs

    Section 841. Requirement for Study by Bureau of 
International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. Requires 
the INL Bureau to submit to Congress a repot on all existing 
programs, and their statutory authorities, that provide 
training, advice, equipment, and other support to eligible 
foreign civilian security forces and institutions.
    Section 842. Requirement for Independent Study of Existing 
Security Assistance Authorities. Requires the Secretary to use 
an independent research entity to study the history, evolution, 
and original intent of existing security sector authorities, 
and to provide recommendations for updating those authorities.

                        Title IX _ Miscellaneous

    Section 901. Case-Zablocki Act Reform. Requires each 
department or agency that enters into international agreements 
on behalf of the United States to designate an officer 
responsible for transmitting the text of those agreements to 
the State Department within 20 days of signing.
    Section 902. Limitation on assistance to countries in 
default. Makes permanent long-standing limitation previously 
included in annual appropriations acts regarding types of 
assistance that can be provided to countries in default.
    Section 903. Prohibition on assistance to governments 
supporting international terrorism. Makes permanent a long-
standing prohibition previously included in annual 
appropriations acts on assistance to governments that support 
international terrorism.
    Section 904. Establishing a coordinator for ISIS detainee 
issues. Permits the President to designate an existing State 
Department official to serve as senior-level coordinator on 
ISIS detainee issues within the US Government and with other 
countries and international organizations.
    Section 905. Sean and David Goldman Child Abduction 
Prevention and Return Act of 2014 amendment. Adds metrics _
specifically, the number of children involved in cases and the 
number of pending cases _to an annual report the Secretary is 
required to provide to Congress pursuant to the Sean and David 
Goldman Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act.
    Section 906. Modification of authorities of Commission for 
the Reservation of America's Heritage abroad. Amends an 
authority to advocate for and fund preservation of sites of 
historical significance to American's heritage abroad to add 
the purpose of seeking unimpeded access to those sites. 
Establishes the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate as recipients of the Commission's regular reporting and 
requires a one-time report from the Commission evaluating its 
capacity to continue its current activities in the event the 
geographic mandate of the commission were to be expanded.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italics, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

             STATE DEPARTMENT BASIC AUTHORITIES ACT OF 1956



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
                  TITLE I--BASIC AUTHORITIES GENERALLY

                organization of the department of state

  Section 1. (a) Secretary of State.--
          (1) The Department of State shall be administered, in 
        accordance with this Act and other provisions of law, 
        under the supervision and direction of the Secretary of 
        State (hereinafter referred to as the ``Secretary'').
          (2) The Secretary, the Deputy Secretary of State, and 
        the Deputy Secretary of State for Management and 
        Resources shall be appointed by the President, by and 
        with the advice and consent of the Senate.
          (3)(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and 
        except as provided in this section, the Secretary shall 
        have and exercise any authority vested by law in any 
        office or official of the Department of State. The 
        Secretary shall administer, coordinate, and direct the 
        Foreign Service of the United States and the personnel 
        of the Department of State, except where authority is 
        inherent in or vested in the President.
          (B)(i) The Secretary shall not have the authority of 
        the Inspector General or the Chief Financial Officer.
          (ii) The Secretary shall not have any authority given 
        expressly to diplomatic or consular officers.
          (4) The Secretary is authorized to promulgate such 
        rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out 
        the functions of the Secretary of State and the 
        Department of State. Unless otherwise specified in law, 
        the Secretary may delegate authority to perform any of 
        the functions of the Secretary or the Department to 
        officers and employees under the direction and 
        supervision of the Secretary. The Secretary may 
        delegate the authority to redelegate any such 
        functions.
  (b) Under Secretaries.--
          (1) In general.--There shall be in the Department of 
        State not more than 6 Under Secretaries of State, who 
        shall be appointed by the President, by and with the 
        advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall be 
        compensated at the rate provided for at level III of 
        the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, 
        United States Code.
          (2) Under secretary for arms control and 
        international security.--There shall be in the 
        Department of State, among the Under Secretaries 
        authorized by paragraph (1), an Under Secretary for 
        Arms Control and International Security, who shall 
        assist the Secretary and the Deputy Secretary in 
        matters related to international security policy, arms 
        control, and nonproliferation. Subject to the direction 
        of the President, the Under Secretary may attend and 
        participate in meetings of the National Security 
        Council in his role as Senior Advisor to the President 
        and the Secretary of State on Arms Control and 
        Nonproliferation Matters.
          (3) Under secretary for public diplomacy.--There 
        shall be in the Department of State, among the Under 
        Secretaries authorized by paragraph (1), an Under 
        Secretary for Public Diplomacy, who shall have primary 
        responsibility to assist the Secretary and the Deputy 
        Secretary in the formation and implementation of United 
        States public diplomacy policies and activities, 
        including international educational and cultural 
        exchange programs, information, and international 
        broadcasting. The Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy 
        shall--
                  (A) prepare an annual strategic plan for 
                public diplomacy in collaboration with overseas 
                posts and in consultation with the regional and 
                functional bureaus of the Department;
                  (B) ensure the design and implementation of 
                appropriate program evaluation methodologies;
                  (C) provide guidance to Department personnel 
                in the United States and overseas who conduct 
                or implement public diplomacy policies, 
                programs, and activities;
                  (D) assist the United States Agency for 
                International Development and the Broadcasting 
                Board of Governors to present the policies of 
                the United States clearly and effectively; and
                  (E) submit statements of United States policy 
                and editorial material to the Broadcasting 
                Board of Governors for broadcast consideration.
          (4) Nomination of Under Secretaries.--Whenever the 
        President submits to the Senate a nomination of an 
        individual for appointment to a position in the 
        Department of State that is described in paragraph (1), 
        the President shall designate the particular Under 
        Secretary position in the Department of State that the 
        individual shall have.
  (c) Assistant Secretaries.--
          (1) In general.--There shall be in the Department of 
        State not more than 24 Assistant Secretaries of State 
        who shall be compensated at the rate provided for at 
        level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 
        of title 5. Each Assistant Secretary of State shall be 
        appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
        consent of the Senate, except that the appointments of 
        the Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs and the 
        Assistant Secretary for Administration shall not be 
        subject to the advice and consent of the Senate.
          (2) Assistant secretary of state for democracy, human 
        rights, and labor.--(A) There shall be in the 
        Department of State an Assistant Secretary of State for 
        Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor who shall be 
        responsible to the Secretary of State for matters 
        pertaining to human rights and humanitarian affairs 
        (including matters relating to prisoners of war and 
        members of the United States Armed Forces missing in 
        action) in the conduct of foreign policy and such other 
        related duties as the Secretary may from time to time 
        designate. The Secretary of State shall carry out the 
        Secretary's responsibility under section 502B of the 
        Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 through the Assistant 
        Secretary. All special envoys, ambassadors, and 
        coordinators located within the Bureau of Democracy, 
        Human Rights, and Labor shall report directly to the 
        Assistant Secretary.
          (B) The Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, 
        Human Rights, and Labor shall maintain continuous 
        observation and review all matters pertaining to human 
        rights and humanitarian affairs (including matters 
        relating to prisoners of war and members of the United 
        States Armed Forces missing in action) in the conduct 
        of foreign policy including the following:
                  (i) Gathering detailed information regarding 
                humanitarian affairs and the observance of and 
                respect for internationally recognized human 
                rights in each country to which requirements of 
                sections 116 and 502B of the Foreign Assistance 
                Act of 1961 are relevant.
                  (ii) Preparing the statements and reports to 
                Congress required under [section] sections 116 
                and 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
                (commonly referred to as the annual ``Country 
                Reports on Human Rights Practices'').
                  (iii) Making recommendations to the Secretary 
                of State and the Administrator of the Agency 
                for International Development regarding 
                compliance with sections 116 and 502B of the 
                Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and as part of 
                the Assistant Secretary's overall policy 
                responsibility for the creation of United 
                States Government human rights policy, advising 
                the Administrator of the Agency for 
                International Development on the policy 
                framework under which section 116(e) projects 
                are developed and consulting with the 
                Administrator on the selection and 
                implementation of such projects.
                  (iv) Performing other responsibilities which 
                serve to promote increased observance of 
                internationally recognized human rights by all 
                countries.
          (C) Authorities.--In addition to the duties, 
        functions, and responsibilities specified in this 
        paragraph, the Assistant Secretary of State for 
        Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor is authorized to--
                  (i) promote democracy and actively support 
                human rights throughout the world;
                  (ii) promote the rule of law and good 
                governance throughout the world;
                  (iii) strengthen, empower, and protect civil 
                society representatives, programs, and 
                organizations, and facilitate their ability to 
                engage in dialogue with governments and other 
                civil society entities;
                  (iv) work with regional bureaus to ensure 
                adequate personnel at diplomatic posts are 
                assigned responsibilities relating to advancing 
                democracy, human rights, labor rights, women's 
                equal participation in society, and the rule of 
                law, with particular attention paid to adequate 
                oversight and engagement on such issues by 
                senior officials at such posts;
                  (v) review and, as appropriate, make 
                recommendations to the Secretary of State 
                regarding the proposed transfer of--
                          (I) defense articles and defense 
                        services authorized under the Foreign 
                        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 
                        et seq.) or the Arms Export Control Act 
                        (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.); and
                          (II) military items listed on the 
                        ``600 series'' of the Commerce Control 
                        List contained in Supplement No. 1 to 
                        part 774 of subtitle B of title 15, 
                        Code of Federal Regulations;
                  (vi) coordinate programs and activities that 
                protect and advance the exercise of human 
                rights and internet freedom in cyberspace; and
                  (vii) implement other relevant policies and 
                provisions of law.
          (D) Efficiency.--The Assistant Secretary for 
        Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor shall take whatever 
        actions may be necessary to minimize the duplication of 
        efforts within the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, 
        and Labor.
          (E) Local oversight.--United States missions, to the 
        extent practicable, should assist in exercising 
        oversight authority and coordinate with the Bureau of 
        Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor to ensure that funds 
        are appropriately used and comply with anti-corruption 
        practices.
          (3) Assistant secretary for international narcotics 
        and law enforcement affairs.--
                  (A) In general.--There is authorized to be in 
                the Department of State an Assistant Secretary 
                for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement 
                Affairs, who shall be responsible to the 
                Secretary of State for all matters, programs, 
                and related activities pertaining to 
                international narcotics, anti-crime, and law 
                enforcement affairs in the conduct of foreign 
                policy by the Department, including, as 
                appropriate, leading the coordination of 
                programs carried out by United States 
                Government agencies abroad, and such other 
                related duties as the Secretary may from time 
                to time designate.
                  (B) Areas of responsibility.--The Assistant 
                Secretary for International Narcotics and Law 
                Enforcement Affairs shall maintain continuous 
                observation and coordination of all matters 
                pertaining to international narcotics, anti-
                crime, and law enforcement affairs in the 
                conduct of foreign policy, including programs 
                carried out by other United States Government 
                agencies when such programs pertain to the 
                following matters:
                          (i) Combating international narcotics 
                        production and trafficking.
                          (ii) Strengthening foreign justice 
                        systems, including judicial and 
                        prosecutorial capacity, appeals 
                        systems, law enforcement agencies, 
                        prison systems, and the sharing of 
                        recovered assets.
                          (iii) Training and equipping foreign 
                        police, border control, other 
                        government officials, and other 
                        civilian law enforcement authorities 
                        for anti-crime purposes, including 
                        ensuring that no foreign security unit 
                        or member of such unit shall receive 
                        such assistance from the United States 
                        Government absent appropriate vetting.
                          (iv) Ensuring the inclusion of human 
                        rights and women's participation issues 
                        in law enforcement programs, in 
                        consultation with the Assistant 
                        Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights, 
                        and Labor, and other senior officials 
                        in regional and thematic bureaus and 
                        offices.
                          (v) Combating, in conjunction with 
                        other relevant bureaus of the 
                        Department, all forms of transnational 
                        organized crime, including illicit 
                        trafficking in human beings, arms, 
                        wildlife, and cultural property, 
                        migrant smuggling, corruption, money 
                        laundering, the illicit smuggling of 
                        bulk cash, the licit use of financial 
                        systems for malign purposes, and other 
                        new and emerging forms of crime.
                          (vi) Identifying and responding to 
                        global corruption, including 
                        strengthening the capacity of foreign 
                        government institutions responsible for 
                        addressing financial crimes and 
                        engaging with multilateral 
                        organizations responsible for 
                        monitoring and supporting foreign 
                        governments' anti-corruption efforts.
                  (C) Additional duties.--In addition to the 
                responsibilities specified in subparagraph (B), 
                the Assistant Secretary for International 
                Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs shall 
                also--
                          (i) carry out timely and substantive 
                        consultation with chiefs of mission 
                        and, as appropriate, the heads of other 
                        United States Government agencies to 
                        ensure effective coordination of all 
                        international narcotics and law 
                        enforcement programs carried out 
                        overseas by the Department and such 
                        other agencies;
                          (ii) coordinate with the Office of 
                        National Drug Control Policy to ensure 
                        lessons learned from other United 
                        States Government agencies are 
                        available to the Bureau of 
                        International Narcotics and Law 
                        Enforcement Affairs of the Department;
                          (iii) develop standard requirements 
                        for monitoring and evaluation of Bureau 
                        programs, including metrics for success 
                        that do not rely solely on the amounts 
                        of illegal drugs that are produced or 
                        seized;
                          (iv) in coordination with the 
                        Secretary of State, annually certify in 
                        writing to the Committee on Foreign 
                        Affairs of the House of Representatives 
                        and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
                        of the Senate that United States law 
                        enforcement personnel posted abroad 
                        whose activities are funded to any 
                        extent by the Bureau of International 
                        Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs 
                        are complying with section 207 of the 
                        Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
                        3927); and
                          (v) carry out such other relevant 
                        duties as the Secretary may assign.
          (4) Energy resources.--
                  (A) Authorization for assistant secretary.--
                Subject to the numerical limitation specified 
                in paragraph (1), there is authorized to be 
                established in the Department of State an 
                Assistant Secretary of State for Energy 
                Resources.
                  (B) Personnel.--The Secretary of State shall 
                ensure that there are sufficient personnel 
                dedicated to energy matters within the 
                Department of State whose responsibilities 
                shall include--
                          (i) formulating and implementing 
                        international policies aimed at 
                        protecting and advancing United States 
                        energy security interests by 
                        effectively managing United States 
                        bilateral and multilateral relations;
                          (ii) ensuring that analyses of the 
                        national security implications of 
                        global energy and environmental 
                        developments are reflected in the 
                        decision making process within the 
                        Department;
                          (iii) incorporating energy security 
                        priorities into the activities of the 
                        Department;
                          (iv) coordinating energy activities 
                        of the Department with relevant Federal 
                        departments and agencies; and
                          (v) working internationally to--
                                  (I) support the development 
                                of energy resources and the 
                                distribution of such resources 
                                for the benefit of the United 
                                States and United States allies 
                                and trading partners for their 
                                energy security and economic 
                                development needs;
                                  (II) promote availability of 
                                diversified energy supplies and 
                                a well-functioning global 
                                market for energy resources, 
                                technologies, and expertise for 
                                the benefit of the United 
                                States and United States allies 
                                and trading partners;
                                  (III) resolve international 
                                disputes regarding the 
                                exploration, development, 
                                production, or distribution of 
                                energy resources;
                                  (IV) support the economic and 
                                commercial interests of United 
                                States persons operating in the 
                                energy markets of foreign 
                                countries;
                                  (V) support and coordinate 
                                international efforts to 
                                alleviate energy poverty;
                                  (VI) leading the United 
                                States commitment to the 
                                Extractive Industries 
                                Transparency Initiative;
                                  (VII) coordinating within the 
                                Department and with relevant 
                                Federal departments and 
                                agencies on developing and 
                                implementing international 
                                energy-related sanctions; and
                                  (VIII) coordinating energy 
                                security and other relevant 
                                functions within the Department 
                                currently undertaken by--
                                          (aa) the Bureau of 
                                        Economic and Business 
                                        Affairs;
                                          (bb) the Bureau of 
                                        Oceans and 
                                        International 
                                        Environmental and 
                                        Scientific Affairs; and
                                          (cc) other offices 
                                        within the Department 
                                        of State.
          [(3)] (5) Nomination of Assistant Secretaries.--
        Whenever the President submits to the Senate a 
        nomination of an individual for appointment to a 
        position in the Department of State that is described 
        in paragraph (1), the President shall designate the 
        regional or functional bureau or bureaus of the 
        Department of State with respect to which the 
        individual shall have responsibility.
  (d) Other Senior Officials.--In addition to officials of the 
Department of State who are otherwise authorized to be 
appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent 
of the Senate, and to be compensated at level IV of the 
Executive Schedule of section 5315 of title 5, United States 
Code, four other such appointments are authorized.
  (e) Coordinator for Counterterrorism.--
          (1) In general.--There is within the office of the 
        Secretary of State a Coordinator for Counterterrorism 
        (in this paragraph referred to as the ``Coordinator'') 
        who shall be appointed by the President, by and with 
        the advice and consent of the Senate.
          (2) Duties.--
                  (A) In general.--The Coordinator shall 
                perform such duties and exercise such powers as 
                the Secretary of State shall prescribe.
                  (B) Duties described.--The principal duty of 
                the Coordinator shall be the overall 
                supervision (including policy oversight of 
                resources) of international counterterrorism 
                activities. The Coordinator shall be the 
                principal adviser to the Secretary of State on 
                international counterterrorism matters. The 
                Coordinator shall be the principal 
                counterterrorism official within the senior 
                management of the Department of State and shall 
                report directly to the Secretary of State.
          (3) Rank and status of ambassador.--The Coordinator 
        shall have the rank and status of Ambassador at Large.
  (f) HIV/AIDS Response Coordinator.--
          (1) In general.--There shall be established within 
        the Department of State in the immediate office of the 
        Secretary of State a Coordinator of United States 
        Government Activities to Combat HIV/AIDS Globally, who 
        shall be appointed by the President, by and with the 
        advice and consent of the Senate. The Coordinator shall 
        report directly to the Secretary.
          (2) Authorities and duties; definitions.--
                  (A) Authorities.--The Coordinator, acting 
                through such nongovernmental organizations 
                (including faith-based and community-based 
                organizations), partner country finance, 
                health, and other relevant ministries, and 
                relevant executive branch agencies as may be 
                necessary and appropriate to effect the 
                purposes of this section, is authorized--
                          (i) to operate internationally to 
                        carry out prevention, care, treatment, 
                        support, capacity development, and 
                        other activities for combatting HIV/
                        AIDS;
                          (ii) to transfer and allocate funds 
                        to relevant executive branch agencies; 
                        and
                          (iii) to provide grants to, and enter 
                        into contracts with, nongovernmental 
                        organizations (including faith-based 
                        and community-based organizations), 
                        partner country finance, health, and 
                        other relevant ministries, to carry out 
                        the purposes of section.
                  (B) Duties.--
                          (i) In general.--The Coordinator 
                        shall have primary responsibility for 
                        the oversight and coordination of all 
                        resources and international activities 
                        of the United States Government to 
                        combat the HIV/AIDS pandemic, including 
                        all programs, projects, and activities 
                        of the United States Government 
                        relating to the HIV/AIDS pandemic under 
                        the United States Leadership Against 
                        HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act 
                        of 2003 or any amendment made by that 
                        Act.
                          (ii) Specific duties.--The duties of 
                        the Coordinator shall specifically 
                        include the following:
                                  (I) Ensuring program and 
                                policy coordination among the 
                                relevant executive branch 
                                agencies and nongovernmental 
                                organizations, including 
                                auditing, monitoring, and 
                                evaluation of all such 
                                programs.
                                  (II) Ensuring that each 
                                relevant executive branch 
                                agency undertakes programs 
                                primarily in those areas where 
                                the agency has the greatest 
                                expertise, technical 
                                capabilities, and potential for 
                                success.
                                  (III) Avoiding duplication of 
                                effort.
                                  (IV) Establishing an 
                                interagency working group on 
                                HIV/AIDS headed by the Global 
                                AIDS Coordinator and comprised 
                                of representatives from the 
                                United States Agency for 
                                International Development and 
                                the Department of Health and 
                                Human Services, for the 
                                purposes of coordination of 
                                activities relating to HIV/
                                AIDS, including--
                                          (aa) meeting 
                                        regularly to review 
                                        progress in partner 
                                        countries toward HIV/
                                        AIDS prevention, 
                                        treatment, and care 
                                        objectives;
                                          (bb) participating in 
                                        the process of 
                                        identifying countries 
                                        to consider for 
                                        increased assistance 
                                        based on the 
                                        epidemiology of HIV/
                                        AIDS in those 
                                        countries, including 
                                        clear evidence of a 
                                        public health threat, 
                                        as well as government 
                                        commitment to address 
                                        the HIV/AIDS problem, 
                                        relative need, and 
                                        coordination and joint 
                                        planning with other 
                                        significant actors;
                                          (cc) assisting the 
                                        Coordinator in the 
                                        evaluation, execution, 
                                        and oversight of 
                                        country operational 
                                        plans;
                                          (dd) reviewing 
                                        policies that may be 
                                        obstacles to reaching 
                                        targets set forth for 
                                        HIV/AIDS prevention, 
                                        treatment, and care; 
                                        and
                                          (ee) consulting with 
                                        representatives from 
                                        additional relevant 
                                        agencies, including the 
                                        National Institutes of 
                                        Health, the Health 
                                        Resources and Services 
                                        Administration, the 
                                        Department of Labor, 
                                        the Department of 
                                        Agriculture, the 
                                        Millennium Challenge 
                                        Corporation, the Peace 
                                        Corps, and the 
                                        Department of Defense.
                                  (V) Coordinating overall 
                                United States HIV/AIDS policy 
                                and programs, including 
                                ensuring the coordination of 
                                relevant executive branch 
                                agency activities in the field, 
                                with efforts led by partner 
                                countries, and with the 
                                assistance provided by other 
                                relevant bilateral and 
                                multilateral aid agencies and 
                                other donor institutions to 
                                promote harmonization with 
                                other programs aimed at 
                                preventing and treating HIV/
                                AIDS and other health 
                                challenges, improving primary 
                                health, addressing food 
                                security, promoting education 
                                and development, and 
                                strengthening health care 
                                systems.
                                  (VI) Resolving policy, 
                                program, and funding disputes 
                                among the relevant executive 
                                branch agencies.
                                  (VII) Holding annual 
                                consultations with 
                                nongovernmental organizations 
                                in partner countries that 
                                provide services to improve 
                                health, and advocating on 
                                behalf of the individuals with 
                                HIV/AIDS and those at 
                                particular risk of contracting 
                                HIV/AIDS, including 
                                organizations with members who 
                                are living with HIV/AIDS.
                                  (VIII) Ensuring, through 
                                interagency and international 
                                coordination, that HIV/AIDS 
                                programs of the United States 
                                are coordinated with, and 
                                complementary to, the delivery 
                                of related global health, food 
                                security, development, and 
                                education.
                                  (IX) Directly approving all 
                                activities of the United States 
                                (including funding) relating to 
                                combatting HIV/AIDS in each of 
                                Botswana, Cote d'Ivoire, 
                                Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Kenya, 
                                Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, 
                                Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, 
                                Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, and 
                                other countries designated by 
                                the President, which other 
                                designated countries may 
                                include those countries in 
                                which the United States is 
                                implementing HIV/AIDS programs 
                                as of the date of the enactment 
                                of the United States Leadership 
                                Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, 
                                and Malaria Act of 2003 and 
                                other countries in which the 
                                United States is implementing 
                                HIV/AIDS programs as part of 
                                its foreign assistance program. 
                                In designating additional 
                                countries under this 
                                subparagraph, the President 
                                shall give priority to those 
                                countries in which there is a 
                                high prevalence of HIV or risk 
                                of significantly increasing 
                                incidence of HIV within the 
                                general population and 
                                inadequate financial means 
                                within the country.
                                  (X) Working with partner 
                                countries in which the HIV/AIDS 
                                epidemic is prevalent among 
                                injection drug users to 
                                establish, as a national 
                                priority, national HIV/AIDS 
                                prevention programs.
                                  (XI) Working with partner 
                                countries in which the HIV/AIDS 
                                epidemic is prevalent among 
                                individuals involved in 
                                commercial sex acts to 
                                establish, as a national 
                                priority, national prevention 
                                programs, including education, 
                                voluntary testing, and 
                                counseling, and referral 
                                systems that link HIV/AIDS 
                                programs with programs to 
                                eradicate trafficking in 
                                persons and support 
                                alternatives to prostitution.
                                  (XII) Establishing due 
                                diligence criteria for all 
                                recipients of funds 
                                appropriated for HIV/ AIDS 
                                assistance pursuant to the 
                                authorization of appropriations 
                                under section 401 of the United 
                                States Leadership Against HIV/
                                AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria 
                                Act of 2003 (22 U.S.C. 7671) 
                                and all activities subject to 
                                the coordination and 
                                appropriate monitoring, 
                                evaluation, and audits carried 
                                out by the Coordinator 
                                necessary to assess the 
                                measurable outcomes of such 
                                activities.
                                  (XIII) Publicizing updated 
                                drug pricing data to inform the 
                                purchasing decisions of 
                                pharmaceutical procurement 
                                partners.
                  (C) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                          (i) AIDS.--The term ``AIDS'' means 
                        acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
                          (ii) HIV.--The term ``HIV'' means the 
                        human immunodeficiency virus, the 
                        pathogen that causes AIDS.
                          (iii) HIV/AIDS.--The term ``HIV/
                        AIDS'' means, with respect to an 
                        individual, an individual who is 
                        infected with HIV or living with AIDS.
                          (iv) Relevant executive branch 
                        agencies.--The term ``relevant 
                        executive branch agencies'' means the 
                        Department of State, the United States 
                        Agency for International Development, 
                        the Department of Health and Human 
                        Services (including the Public Health 
                        Service), and any other department or 
                        agency of the United States that 
                        participates in international HIV/AIDS 
                        activities pursuant to the authorities 
                        of such department or agency or this 
                        Act.
  (g) Bureau of Consular Affairs.--There is in the Department 
of State the Bureau of Consular Affairs, which shall be headed 
by the Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs
  (h) Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration.--There is 
in the Department of State the Bureau of Population, Refugees, 
and Migration, which shall be headed by the Assistant Secretary 
of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration.
  [(g)] (i) Qualifications of Certain Officers of the 
Department of State.--
          (1) Officer having primary responsibility for 
        personnel management.--The officer of the Department of 
        State with primary responsibility for assisting the 
        Secretary with respect to matters relating to personnel 
        in the Department of State, or that officer's principal 
        deputy, shall have substantial professional 
        qualifications in the field of human resource policy 
        and management.
          (2) Officer having primary responsibility for 
        diplomatic security.--The officer of the Department of 
        State with primary responsibility for assisting the 
        Secretary with respect to diplomatic security, or that 
        officer's principal deputy, shall have substantial 
        professional qualifications in the fields of (A) 
        management, and (B) Federal law enforcement, 
        intelligence, or security.
          (3) Officer having primary responsibility for 
        international narcotics and law enforcement.--The 
        officer of the Department of State with primary 
        responsibility for assisting the Secretary with respect 
        to international narcotics and law enforcement, or that 
        officer's principal deputy, shall have substantial 
        professional qualifications in the fields of (A) 
        management, and (B) law enforcement or international 
        narcotics policy.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                defense trade controls registration fees

  Sec. 45. For each fiscal year, 100 percent of the defense 
trade controls registration fees collected by [the Office of 
Defense Trade Controls of] the Department of State shall be 
credited to a Department of State account, to be available 
without fiscal year limitation. Fees credited to that account 
shall be available only for payment of expenses incurred for 
management, licensing, compliance, and policy activities in the 
defense trade controls function, including--
          (1) [contract personnel to assist in] the evaluation 
        of defense trade controls license applications, 
        reduction in processing time for license applications, 
        and improved monitoring of compliance with the terms of 
        licenses;
          (2) the automation of defense trade control 
        functions, including compliance and enforcement 
        activities, and the processing of defense trade control 
        license applications, including the development, 
        procurement, and utilization of computer equipment and 
        related software; [and]
          (3) the enhancement of defense trade export 
        compliance and enforcement activities, including 
        compliance audits of United States and foreign parties, 
        the conduct of administrative proceedings, monitoring 
        of end-uses in cases of direct commercial arms sales or 
        other transfers, and cooperation in proceedings for 
        enforcement of criminal laws related to defense trade 
        export controls[.];
          (4) the facilitation of defense trade policy 
        development and implementation, review of commodity 
        jurisdiction determinations, public outreach to 
        industry and foreign parties, and analysis of 
        scientific and technological developments as they 
        relate to the exercise of defense trade control 
        authorities; and
          (5) contract personnel to assist in such activities.

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SEC. 64. UNITED STATES DIPLOMACY CENTER.

  (a) Activities.--
          (1) Support authorized.--The Secretary of State is 
        authorized to provide, by contract, grant, or 
        otherwise, for the performance of appropriate museum 
        visitor and educational outreach services and related 
        events, including organizing programs and conference 
        activities, museum shop services and food services in 
        the public exhibition and related space utilized by the 
        center for United States diplomacy.
          (2) Recovery of costs.--The Secretary of State is 
        authorized to recover any revenues generated under the 
        authority of paragraph (1) for visitor and outreach 
        services and related events referred to in such 
        paragraph, including fees for use of facilities at a 
        center for United States diplomacy. Any such revenues 
        may be retained as a recovery of the costs of operating 
        the Center.
  (b) Disposition of United States Diplomacy Center Documents, 
Artifacts, and Other Articles.--
          (1) Property.--All historic documents, artifacts, or 
        other articles permanently acquired by the Department 
        of State and determined by the Secretary of State to be 
        suitable for display by the center for United States 
        diplomacy shall be considered to be the property of the 
        United States Government and shall be subject to 
        disposition solely in accordance with this subsection.
          (2) Sale, trade, or transfer.--Whenever the Secretary 
        of State makes the determination described in paragraph 
        (3) with respect to a document, artifact, or other 
        article under paragraph (1), the Secretary may sell at 
        fair market value, trade, or transfer such document, 
        artifact, or other article without regard to the 
        requirements of subtitle I of title 40, United States 
        Code. The proceeds of any such sale may be used solely 
        for the advancement of the mission of the center for 
        United States diplomacy and may not be used for any 
        purpose other than the acquisition and direct care of 
        the collections of the center.
          (3) Determinations prior to sale, trade, or 
        transfer.--The determination described in this 
        paragraph with respect to a document, artifact, or 
        other article under paragraph (1), is a determination 
        that--
                  (A) such document, artifact, or other article 
                no longer serves to further the purposes of the 
                center for United States diplomacy as set forth 
                in the collections management policy of the 
                center;
                  (B) the sale, trade, or transfer of such 
                document, artifact, or other article would 
                serve to maintain the standards of the 
                collection of the center; or
                  (C) sale, trade, or transfer of such 
                document, artifact, or other article would be 
                in the best interests of the United States.
          (4) Loans.--In addition to the authorization under 
        paragraph (2) relating to the sale, trade, or transfer 
        of documents, artifacts, or other articles under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary of State may loan such 
        documents, artifacts, or other articles, when not 
        needed for use or display by the center for United 
        States diplomacy to the Smithsonian Institution or a 
        similar institution for repair, study, or exhibition.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


   TITLE IV--FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES HISTORICAL SERIES

SEC. 401. GENERAL AUTHORITY AND CONTENTS OF PUBLICATION.

  (a) Charter of the Publication.--The Department of State 
shall continue to publish the ``Foreign Relations of the United 
States historical series'' (hereafter in this title referred to 
as the ``FRUS series''), which shall be a thorough, accurate, 
and reliable documentary record of major United States foreign 
policy decisions and significant United States diplomatic 
activity. Volumes of this publication shall include all records 
needed to provide a comprehensive documentation of the major 
foreign policy decisions and actions of the United States 
Government, including the facts which contributed to the 
formulation of policies and records providing supporting and 
alternative views to the policy position ultimately adopted.
  (b) Editing Principles.--The editing of records for 
preparation of the FRUS series shall be guided by the 
principles of historical objectivity and accuracy. Records 
shall not be altered and deletions shall not be made without 
indicating in the published text that a deletion has been made. 
The published record shall omit no facts which were of major 
importance in reaching a decision, and nothing shall be omitted 
for the purpose of concealing a defect of policy.
  (c) Deadline for Publication of Records.--The Secretary of 
State shall ensure that the FRUS series shall be published not 
more than [30] 25 years after the events recorded.

SEC. 402. RESPONSIBILITY FOR PREPARATION OF THE FRUS SERIES.

  (a) In General.--
          (1)(A) The Historian of the Department of State shall 
        be responsible for the preparation of the FRUS series, 
        including the selection of records, in accordance with 
        the provisions of this title.
          (B) The Advisory Committee on Historical Diplomatic 
        Documentation shall review records, and shall advise 
        and make recommendations to the Historian concerning 
        all aspects of preparation and publication of the FRUS 
        series, including, in accordance with the procedures 
        contained in section 403, the review and selection of 
        records for inclusion in volumes of the series.
          (2) Other departments, agencies, and other entities 
        of the United States Government shall cooperate with 
        the Office of the Historian by providing full and 
        complete access to the records pertinent to United 
        States foreign policy decisions and actions and by 
        providing copies of selected records in accordance with 
        the procedures developed under section 403, except that 
        no access to any record, and no provision of any copy 
        of a record, shall be required in the case of any 
        record that was prepared less than [26] 20 years before 
        the date of a request for such access or copy made by 
        the Office of the Historian.
  (b) National Archives and Records Administration.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, the 
requirement for the National Archives and Records 
Administration to provide access to, and copies of, records to 
the Department of State for the FRUS series shall be governed 
by chapter 21 of title 44, United States Code, by any agreement 
concluded between the Department of State and the National 
Archives and Records Administration, and, in the case of 
Presidential records, by section 2204 of such title.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 404. DECLASSIFICATION OF STATE DEPARTMENT RECORDS.

  (a) Deadline for Declassification.--
          (1) Except as provided in subsection (b), each 
        classified record of permanent historical value (as 
        determined by the Secretary of State and the Archivist 
        of the United States) which was published, issued, or 
        otherwise prepared by the Department of State (or any 
        officer or employee thereof acting in an official 
        capacity) shall be declassified not later than [30] 25 
        years after the record was prepared, shall be 
        transferred to the National Archives and Records 
        Administration, and shall be made available at the 
        National Archives for public inspection and copying.
          (2) Nothing in this subsection may be construed to 
        require the declassification of a record wholly 
        prepared by a foreign government.
  (b) Exempted Records.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to any 
record (or portion thereof) the publication of which the 
Secretary of State, in coordination with any agency that 
originated information in the records, determines--
          (1) would compromise weapons technology important to 
        the national defense of the United States or reveal 
        sensitive information relating to the design of United 
        States or foreign military equipment or relating to 
        United States cryptologic systems or activities;
          (2) would disclose the names or identities of living 
        persons who provided confidential information to the 
        United States and would pose a substantial risk of harm 
        to such persons;
          (3) would demonstrably impede current diplomatic 
        negotiations or other ongoing official activities of 
        the United States Government or would demonstrably 
        impair the national security of the United States; or
          (4) would disclose matters that are related solely to 
        the internal personnel rules and practices of the 
        Department of State or are contained in personnel, 
        medical, or similar files the disclosure of which would 
        constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal 
        privacy.
  (c) Review.--
          (1) The Advisory Committee shall review--
                  (A) the State Department's declassification 
                procedures,
                  (B) all guidelines used in declassification, 
                including those guidelines provided to the 
                National Archives and Records Administration 
                which are in effect on the date of enactment of 
                this title, and
                  (C) by random sampling, records 
                representative of all Department of State 
                records published, issued, or otherwise 
                prepared by the Department of State that remain 
                classified after [30] 25 years.
          (2) In the event that the Secretary of State 
        considers it necessary to deny access to records under 
        paragraph (1)(C), the Secretary shall notify the 
        Advisory Committee in writing, describing the nature of 
        the records in question and the justification for 
        withholding them.
  (d) Annual Reports by the Advisory Committee.--The Advisory 
Committee shall annually submit to the Secretary of State and 
to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
Committee on International Relations of the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth its findings from the 
review conducted under subsection (c).
  (e) Annual Reports by the Secretary.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than March 1 of each year, 
        the Secretary shall submit a report to the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on 
        International Relations of the House of Representatives 
        on the compliance of the Department of State with the 
        provisions of this title, including--
                  (A) the volumes published in the previous 
                calendar year;
                  (B) the degree to which the Department is not 
                in compliance with the deadline set forth in 
                section 401(c); and
                  (C) the factors relevant to the inability of 
                the Department to comply with the provisions of 
                this title, including section 401(c).
          (2) Form of reports.--Each report required to be 
        submitted by paragraph (1) shall be submitted in 
        unclassified form, together with a classified annex if 
        necessary.

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                              ----------                              


                     FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE XII--FAMINE PREVENTION AND FREEDOM FROM HUNGER

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 8--International Narcotics Control

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 489. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) International Narcotics Control Strategy Report.--Not 
later than March 1 of each year, the President shall transmit 
to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and to the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, a report 
containing the following:
          (1) For each country that received assistance under 
        this chapter for either of the 2 preceding fiscal 
        years, a report on the extent to which the country 
        has--
                  (A) met the goals and objectives of the 
                United Nations Convention Against Illicit 
                Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic 
                Substances, including action on such issues as 
                illicit cultivation, production, distribution, 
                sale, transport, and financing, and money 
                laundering, asset seizure, extradition, mutual 
                legal assistance, law enforcement and transit 
                cooperation, precursor chemical control, and 
                demand reduction;
                  (B) accomplished the goals described in an 
                applicable bilateral narcotics agreement with 
                the United States or a multilateral agreement; 
                and
                  (C) taken legal and law enforcement measures 
                to prevent and punish public corruption, 
                especially by senior government officials, that 
                facilitates the production, processing, or 
                shipment of narcotic and psychotropic drugs and 
                other controlled substances, or that 
                discourages the investigation or prosecution of 
                such acts.
          (2)(A) A description of the policies adopted, 
        agreements concluded, and programs implemented by the 
        Department of State in pursuit of its delegated 
        responsibilities for international narcotics control, 
        including appropriate information on the status of 
        negotiations between the United States and other 
        countries on updated extradition treaties, mutual legal 
        assistance treaties, precursor chemical controls, money 
        laundering, and agreements pursuant to section 2015 of 
        the International Narcotics Act of 1986 (relating to 
        interdiction procedures for vessels of foreign 
        registry).
          (B) Information on multilateral and bilateral 
        strategies with respect to money laundering pursued by 
        the Department of State, the Department of Justice, the 
        Department of the Treasury, and other relevant United 
        States Government agencies, either collectively or 
        individually, to ensure the cooperation of foreign 
        governments with respect to narcotics-related money 
        laundering and to demonstrate that all United States 
        Government agencies are pursuing a common strategy with 
        respect to major money laundering countries. The report 
        shall include specific detail to demonstrate that all 
        United States Government agencies are pursuing a common 
        strategy with respect to achieving international 
        cooperation against money laundering and are pursuing a 
        common strategy with respect to major money laundering 
        countries, including a summary of United States 
        objectives on a country-by-country basis.
          (3) The identity of those countries which are--
                  (A) major illicit drug producing countries or 
                major drug-transit countries as determined 
                under section 490(h);
                  (B) major sources of precursor chemicals used 
                in the production of illicit narcotics; or
                  (C) major money laundering countries.
          (4) In addition, for each country identified pursuant 
        to paragraph (3), the following:
                  (A) A description of the plans, programs, and 
                timetables adopted by such country, including 
                efforts to meet the objectives of the United 
                Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in 
                Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, and 
                a discussion of the adequacy of the legal and 
                law enforcement measures taken and the 
                accomplishments achieved in accord with those 
                plans.
                  (B) Whether as a matter of government policy 
                or practice, such country encourages or 
                facilitates the illicit production or 
                distribution of narcotic or psychotropic drugs 
                or other controlled substances or the 
                laundering of proceeds from illegal drug 
                transactions; and whether any senior official 
                of the government of such country engages in, 
                encourages, or facilitates the illicit 
                production or distribution of such drugs or 
                substances, or the laundering of proceeds from 
                illegal drug transactions.
          (5) In addition, for each country identified pursuant 
        to paragraph (3)(A) or (3)(B), a detailed status 
        report, with such information as can be reliably 
        obtained, on the narcotic or psychotropic drugs or 
        other controlled substances which are being cultivated, 
        produced, or processed in or transported through such 
        country, noting significant changes in conditions, such 
        as increases or decreases in the illicit cultivation 
        and manufacture of and traffic in such drugs and 
        substances.
          (6) In addition, for those countries identified 
        pursuant to paragraph (3)(C)--
                  (A) which countries are parties to 
                international agreements on a method for 
                maintaining records of transactions of an 
                established list of precursor and essential 
                chemicals;
                  (B) which countries have established a 
                procedure by which such records may be made 
                available to United States law enforcement 
                authorities; and
                  (C) which countries have enacted national 
                chemical control legislation which would impose 
                specific recordkeeping and reporting 
                requirements for listed chemicals, establish a 
                system of permits or declarations for imports 
                and exports of listed chemicals, and authorize 
                government officials to seize or suspend 
                shipments of listed chemicals.
          (7) In addition, for those countries identified 
        pursuant to paragraph (3)(D) the following:
                  (A)(i) Which countries have financial 
                institutions engaging in currency transactions 
                involving international narcotics trafficking 
                proceeds that include significant amounts of 
                United States currency or currency derived from 
                illegal drug sales in the United States or that 
                otherwise significantly affect the United 
                States;
                  (ii) which countries identified pursuant to 
                clause (i) have not reached agreement with the 
                United States authorities on a mechanism for 
                exchanging adequate records in connection with 
                narcotics investigations and proceedings; and
                  (iii) which countries identified pursuant to 
                clause (ii)--
                          (I) are negotiating in good faith 
                        with the United States to establish 
                        such a record-exchange mechanism, or
                          (II) have adopted laws or regulations 
                        that ensure the availability to 
                        appropriate United States Government 
                        personnel and those of other 
                        governments of adequate records in 
                        connection with narcotics 
                        investigations and proceedings.
                  (B) Which countries--
                          (i) have ratified the United Nations 
                        Convention Against Illicit Traffic in 
                        Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic 
                        Substances and are taking steps to 
                        implement that Convention and other 
                        applicable agreements and conventions 
                        such as the recommendations of the 
                        Financial Action Task Force, the policy 
                        directive of the European Community, 
                        the legislative guidelines of the 
                        Organization of American States, and 
                        other similar declarations; and
                          (ii) have entered into bilateral 
                        agreements for the exchange of 
                        information on money-laundering with 
                        countries other than the United States.
                  (C) Findings on each country's adoption of 
                law and regulations considered essential to 
                prevent narcotics-related money laundering. 
                Such findings shall include whether a country 
                has--
                          (i) criminalized narcotics money 
                        laundering;
                          (ii) required banks and other 
                        financial institutions to know and 
                        record the identity of customers 
                        engaging in significant transactions, 
                        including the recording of large 
                        currency transactions at thresholds 
                        appropriate to that country's economic 
                        situation;
                          (iii) required banks and other 
                        financial institutions to maintain, for 
                        an adequate time, records necessary to 
                        reconstruct significant transactions 
                        through financial institutions in order 
                        to be able to respond quickly to 
                        information requests from appropriate 
                        government authorities in narcotics-
                        related money laundering cases;
                          (iv) required or allowed financial 
                        institutions to report suspicious 
                        transactions;
                          (v) established systems for 
                        identifying, tracing, freezing, 
                        seizing, and forfeiting narcotics-
                        related assets;
                          (vi) enacted laws for the sharing of 
                        seized narcotics assets with other 
                        governments;
                          (vii) cooperated, when requested, 
                        with appropriate law enforcement 
                        agencies of other governments 
                        investigating financial crimes related 
                        to narcotics; and
                          (viii) addressed the problem on 
                        international transportation of 
                        illegal-source currency and monetary 
                        instruments.
        The report shall also detail instances of refusals to 
        cooperate with foreign governments, and any actions 
        taken by the United States Government and any 
        international organization to address such obstacles, 
        including the imposition of sanctions or penalties.
          (8)(A) A separate section that contains the 
        following:
                  (i) An identification of the five countries 
                that exported the largest amount of 
                pseudoephedrine, ephedrine, and 
                phenylpropanolamine (including the salts, 
                optical isomers, or salts of optical isomers of 
                such chemicals, and also including any products 
                or substances containing such chemicals) during 
                the preceding calendar year.
                  (ii) An identification of the five countries 
                that imported the largest amount of the 
                chemicals described in clause (i) during the 
                preceding calendar year and have the highest 
                rate of diversion of such chemicals for use in 
                the illicit production of methamphetamine 
                (either in that country or in another country).
                  (iii) An economic analysis of the total 
                worldwide production of the chemicals described 
                in clause (i) as compared to the legitimate 
                demand for such chemicals worldwide.
          (B) The identification of countries that imported the 
        largest amount of chemicals under subparagraph (A)(ii) 
        shall be based on the following:
                  (i) An economic analysis that estimates the 
                legitimate demand for such chemicals in such 
                countries as compared to the actual or 
                estimated amount of such chemicals that is 
                imported into such countries.
                  (ii) The best available data and other 
                information regarding the production of 
                methamphetamine in such countries and the 
                diversion of such chemicals for use in the 
                production of methamphetamine.
          (9) A separate section that contains an 
        identification of all United States Government-
        supported units funded by the Bureau of International 
        Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs and any Bureau-
        funded operations by such units in which United States 
        law enforcement personnel have been physically present.
  (b) Annual Reports on Assistance.--
          (1) In general.--At the time that the report required 
        by subsection (a) is submitted each year, the Secretary 
        of State, in consultation with appropriate United 
        States Government agencies, shall report to the 
        appropriate committees of the Congress on the 
        assistance provided or proposed to be provided by the 
        United States Government during the preceding fiscal 
        year, the current fiscal year, and the next fiscal year 
        to support international efforts to combat illicit 
        narcotics production or trafficking.
          (2) Information to be included.--Each report pursuant 
        to this subsection shall--
                  (A) specify the amount and nature of the 
                assistance provided or to be provided;
                  (B) include, for each country identified in 
                subsection (a)(3)(A), information from the Drug 
                Enforcement Administration, the Customs 
                Service, and the Coast Guard describing in 
                detail--
                          (i) the assistance provided or to be 
                        provided to such country by that 
                        agency, and
                          (ii) the assistance provided or to be 
                        provided to that agency by such 
                        country,
                with respect to narcotic control efforts during 
                the preceding fiscal year, the current fiscal 
                year, and the next fiscal year; and
                  (C) list all transfers, which were made by 
                the United States Government during the 
                preceding fiscal year, to a foreign country for 
                narcotics control purposes of any property 
                seized by or otherwise forfeited to the United 
                States Government in connection with narcotics-
                related activity, including an estimate of the 
                fair market value and physical condition of 
                each item of property transferred.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                PART II

CHAPTER 1--POLICY

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 502B. Human Rights.--(a)(1) The United States shall, in 
accordance with its international obligations as set forth in 
the Charter of the United Nations and in keeping with the 
constitutional heritage and traditions of the United States, 
promote and encourage increased respect for human rights and 
fundamental freedoms throughout the world without distinction 
as to race, sex, language, or religion. Accordingly, a 
principal goal of the foreign policy of the United States shall 
be to promote the increased observance of internationally 
recognized human rights by all countries.
  (2) Except under circumstances specified in this section, no 
security assistance may be provided to any country the 
government of which engages in a consistent pattern of gross 
violations of internationally recognized human rights. Security 
assistance may not be provided to the police, domestic 
intelligence, or similar law enforcement forces of a country, 
and licenses may not be issued under the Export Administration 
Act of 1979 for the export of crime control and detection 
instruments and equipment to a country, the government of which 
engages in a consistent pattern of gross violations of 
internationally recognized human rights unless the President 
certifies in writing to the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate and the chairman of the Committee on 
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate (when 
licenses are to be issued pursuant to the Export Administration 
Act of 1979), that extraordinary circumstances exist warranting 
provision of such assistance and issuance of such licenses. 
Assistance may not be provided under chapter 5 of this part to 
a country the government of which engages in a consistent 
pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human 
rights unless the President certifies in writing to the Speaker 
of the House of Representatives and the chairman of the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate that extraordinary 
circumstances exist warranting provision of such assistance.
  (3) In furtherance of paragraphs (1) and (2), the President 
is directed to formulate and conduct international security 
assistance programs of the United States in a manner which will 
promote and advance human rights and avoid identification of 
the United States, through such programs, with governments 
which deny to their people internationally recognized human 
rights and fundamental freedoms, in violation of international 
law or in contravention of the policy of the United States as 
expressed in this section or otherwise.
  (4) In determining whether the government of a country 
engages in a consistent pattern of gross violations of 
internationally recognized human rights, the President shall 
give particular consideration to whether the government--
          (A) has engaged in or tolerated particularly severe 
        violations of religious freedom, as defined in section 
        3 of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998; 
        or
          (B) has failed to undertake serious and sustained 
        efforts to combat particularly severe violations of 
        religious freedom when such efforts could have been 
        reasonably undertaken.
  (b) The Secretary of State shall transmit to the Congress, as 
part of the presentation materials for security assistance 
programs proposed for each fiscal year, a full and complete 
report, prepared with the assistance of the Assistant Secretary 
of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor and with the 
assistance of the Ambassador at Large for International 
Religious Freedom, with respect to practices regarding the 
observance of and respect for internationally recognized human 
rights in each country proposed as a recipient of security 
assistance. Wherever applicable, such report shall include 
consolidated information regarding the commission of war 
crimes, crimes against humanity, and evidence of acts that may 
constitute genocide (as defined in article 2 of the Convention 
on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and 
modified by the United States instrument of ratification to 
that convention and section 2(a) of the Genocide Convention 
Implementation Act of 1987). Wherever applicable, such report 
shall include information on practices regarding coercion in 
population control, including coerced abortion and involuntary 
sterilization. Such report shall also include, wherever 
applicable, information on violations of religious freedom, 
including particularly severe violations of religious freedom 
(as defined in section 3 of the International Religious Freedom 
Act of 1998). Wherever applicable, such report shall include a 
description of the nature and extent of acts of anti-Semitism 
and anti-Semitic incitement that occur, including the 
descriptions of such acts required under section 116(d)(8). 
Such report shall also include, for each country with respect 
to which the report indicates that extrajudicial killings, 
torture, or other serious violations of human rights have 
occurred in the country, the extent to which the United States 
has taken or will take action to encourage an end to such 
practices in the country. Each report under this section shall 
list the votes of each member of the United Nations Commission 
on Human Rights on all country-specific and thematic 
resolutions voted on at the Commission's annual session during 
the period covered during the preceding year. Each report under 
this section shall describe the extent to which each country 
has extended protection to refugees, including the provision of 
first asylum and resettlement. Each report under this section 
shall also include (i) wherever applicable, a description of 
the nature and extent of the compulsory recruitment and 
conscription of individuals under the age of 18 by armed forces 
of the government of the country, government-supported 
paramilitaries, or other armed groups, the participation of 
such individuals in such groups, and the nature and extent that 
such individuals take a direct part in hostilities, (ii) what 
steps, if any, taken by the government of the country to 
eliminate such practices, and (iii) such other information 
related to the use by such government of individuals under the 
age of 18 as soldiers, as determined to be appropriate by the 
Secretary of State. In determining whether a government falls 
within the provisions of subsection (a)(3) and in the 
preparation of any report or statement required under this 
section, consideration shall be given to--
          (1) the relevant findings of appropriate 
        international organizations, including nongovernmental 
        organizations, such as the International Committee of 
        the Red Cross; and
          (2) the extent of cooperation by such government in 
        permitting an unimpeded investigation by any such 
        organization of alleged violations of internationally 
        recognized human rights.
  (c)(1) Upon the request of the Senate or the House of 
Representatives by resolution of either such House, or upon the 
request of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate or 
the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives, the Secretary of State shall, within thirty 
days after receipt of such request, transmit to both such 
committees a statement, prepared with the assistance of the 
Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and 
Labor, with respect to the country designated in such request, 
setting forth--
          (A) all the available information about observance of 
        and respect for human rights and fundamental freedom in 
        that country, and a detailed description of practices 
        by the recipient government with respect thereto;
          (B) the steps the United States has taken to--
                  (i) promote respect for and observance of 
                human rights in that country and discourage any 
                practices which are inimical to internationally 
                recognized human rights, and
                  (ii) publicly or privately call attention to, 
                and disassociate the United States and any 
                security assistance provided for such country 
                from, such practices;
          (C) whether, in the opinion of the Secretary of 
        State, notwithstanding any such practices--
                  (i) extraordinary circumstances exist which 
                necessitate a continuation of security 
                assistance for such country, and, if so, a 
                description of such circumstances and the 
                extent to which such assistance should be 
                continued (subject to such conditions as 
                Congress may impose under this section), and
                  (ii) on all the facts it is in the national 
                interest of the United States to provide such 
                assistance; and
          (D) such other information as such committee or such 
        House may request.
  (2)(A) A resolution of request under paragraph (1) of this 
subsection shall be considered in the Senate in accordance with 
the provisions of section 601(b) of the International Security 
Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976.
  (B) The term ``certification'', as used in section 601 of 
such Act, means, for the purposes of this subsection, a 
resolution of request of the Senate under paragraph (1) of this 
subsection.
  (3) In the event a statement with respect to a country is 
requested pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection but is 
not transmitted in accordance therewith within thirty days 
after receipt of such request, no security assistance shall be 
delivered to such country except as may thereafter be 
specifically authorized by law from such country unless and 
until such statement is transmitted.
  (4)(A) In the event a statement with respect to a country is 
transmitted under paragraph (1) of this subsection, the 
Congress may at any time thereafter adopt a joint resolution 
terminating, restricting, or continuing security assistance for 
such country. In the event such a joint resolution is adopted, 
such assistance shall be so terminated, so restricted, or so 
continued, as the case may be.
  (B) Any such resolution shall be considered in the Senate in 
accordance with the provisions of section 601(b) of the 
International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act 
of 1976.
  (C) The term ``certification'', as used in section 601 of 
such Act, means, for the purposes of this paragraph, a 
statement transmitted under paragraph (1) of this subsection.
  (d) For the purposes of this section--
          (1) the term ``gross violations of internationally 
        recognized human rights'' includes torture or cruel, 
        inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, 
        prolonged detention without charges and trial, causing 
        the disappearance of persons by the abduction and 
        clandestine detention of those persons, any act that 
        constitutes a war crime, as such term is defined in 
        section 2441 of title 18, United States Code, and other 
        flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the 
        security of person;
          (2) the term ``security assistance'' means--
                  (A) assistance under chapter 2 (military 
                assistance) or chapter 4 (economic support 
                fund) or chapter 5 (military education and 
                training) or chapter 6 (peacekeeping 
                operations) or chapter 8 (antiterrorism 
                assistance) of this part;
                  (B) sales of defense articles or services, 
                extensions of credits (including participations 
                in credits), and guaranties of loans under the 
                Arms Export Control Act; or
                  (C) any license in effect with respect to the 
                export to or for the armed forces, police, 
                intelligence, or other internal security forces 
                of a foreign country of--
                          (i) defense articles or defense 
                        services under section 38 of the Armed 
                        Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778); or
                          (ii) items listed under the 600 
                        series of the Commerce Control List 
                        contained in Supplement No. 1 to part 
                        774 of subtitle B of title 15, Code of 
                        Federal Regulations;
  (e) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds 
authorized to be appropriated under part I of this Act may be 
made available for the furnishing of assistance to any country 
with respect to which the President finds that such a 
significant improvement in its human rights record has occurred 
as to warrant lifting the prohibition on furnishing such 
assistance in the national interest of the United States.
  (f) In allowing the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act and the Arms Export Control Act, the President shall 
take into account significant improvements in the human rights 
records of recipient countries, except that such allocations 
may not contravene any other provision of law.
  (g) Whenever the provisions of subsection (e) or (f) of this 
section are applied, the President shall report to the Congress 
before making any funds available pursuant to those 
subsections. The report shall specify the country involved, the 
amount and kinds of assistance to be provided, and the 
justification for providing the assistance, including a 
description of the significant improvements which have occurred 
in the country's human rights record.
  (h)(1) The report required by subsection (b) shall include 
the following:
          (A) A description of the nature and extent of severe 
        forms of trafficking in persons, as defined in section 
        103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, 
        in each foreign country.
          (B) With respect to each country that is a country of 
        origin, transit, or destination for victims of severe 
        forms of trafficking in persons, an assessment of the 
        efforts by the government of that country to combat 
        such trafficking. The assessment shall address the 
        following:
                  (i) Whether government authorities in that 
                country participate in, facilitate, or condone 
                such trafficking.
                  (ii) Which government authorities in that 
                country are involved in activities to combat 
                such trafficking.
                  (iii) What steps the government of that 
                country has taken to prohibit government 
                officials from participating in, facilitating, 
                or condoning such trafficking, including the 
                investigation, prosecution, and conviction of 
                such officials.
                  (iv) What steps the government of that 
                country has taken to prohibit other individuals 
                from participating in such trafficking, 
                including the investigation, prosecution, and 
                conviction of individuals involved in severe 
                forms of trafficking in persons, the criminal 
                and civil penalties for such trafficking, and 
                the efficacy of those penalties in eliminating 
                or reducing such trafficking.
                  (v) What steps the government of that country 
                has taken to assist victims of such 
                trafficking, including efforts to prevent 
                victims from being further victimized by 
                traffickers, government officials, or others, 
                grants of relief from deportation, and 
                provision of humanitarian relief, including 
                provision of mental and physical health care 
                and shelter.
                  (vi) Whether the government of that country 
                is cooperating with governments of other 
                countries to extradite traffickers when 
                requested, or, to the extent that such 
                cooperation would be inconsistent with the laws 
                of such country or with extradition treaties to 
                which such country is a party, whether the 
                government of that country is taking all 
                appropriate measures to modify or replace such 
                laws and treaties so as to permit such 
                cooperation.
                  (vii) Whether the government of that country 
                is assisting in international investigations of 
                transnational trafficking networks and in other 
                cooperative efforts to combat severe forms of 
                trafficking in persons.
                  (viii) Whether the government of that country 
                refrains from prosecuting victims of severe 
                forms of trafficking in persons due to such 
                victims having been trafficked, and refrains 
                from other discriminatory treatment of such 
                victims.
                  (ix) Whether the government of that country 
                recognizes the rights of victims of severe 
                forms of trafficking in persons and ensures 
                their access to justice.
          (C) Such other information relating to trafficking in 
        persons as the Secretary of State considers 
        appropriate.
  (2) In compiling data and making assessments for the purposes 
of paragraph (1), United States diplomatic mission personnel 
shall consult with human rights organizations and other 
appropriate nongovernmental organizations.
  (i) The report required by subsection (b) shall include, 
wherever applicable--
          (1) a description of the status of freedom of the 
        press, including initiatives in favor of freedom of the 
        press and efforts to improve or preserve, as 
        appropriate, the independence of the media, together 
        with an assessment of progress made as a result of 
        those efforts;
          (2) an identification of countries in which there 
        were violations of freedom of the press, including 
        direct physical attacks, imprisonment, indirect sources 
        of pressure, and censorship by governments, military, 
        intelligence, or police forces, criminal groups, or 
        armed extremist or rebel groups; and
          (3) in countries where there are particularly severe 
        violations of freedom of the press--
                  (A) whether government authorities of each 
                such country participate in, facilitate, or 
                condone such violations of the freedom of the 
                press; and
                  (B) what steps the government of each such 
                country has taken to preserve the safety and 
                independence of the media, and to ensure the 
                prosecution of those individuals who attack or 
                murder journalists.
  (i) Child Marriage Status.--
          (1) In general.--The report required under subsection 
        (b) shall include, for each country in which child 
        marriage is prevalent, a description of the status of 
        the practice of child marriage in such country.
          (2) Defined term.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``child marriage'' means the marriage of a girl or boy 
        who is--
                  (A) younger than the minimum age for marriage 
                under the laws of the country in which such 
                girl or boy is a resident; or
                  (B) younger than 18 years of age, if no such 
                law exists.

Chapter 2--Military Assistance

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 514. Stockpiling of Defense Articles for Foreign 
Countries.--(a) No defense article in the inventory of the 
Department of Defense which is set aside, reserved, or in any 
way earmarked or intended for future use by any foreign country 
may be made available to or for use by any foreign country 
unless such transfer is authorized under this Act or the Arms 
Export Control Act, or any subsequent corresponding 
legislation, and the value of such transfer is charged against 
funds authorized under such legislation or against the 
limitations specified in such legislation, as appropriate, for 
the fiscal period in which such defense article is transferred. 
For purposes of this subsection, ``value'' means the 
acquisition cost plus crating, packing, handling, and 
transportation costs incurred in carrying out this section.
  (b)(1) The value of defense articles to be set aside, 
earmarked, reserved, or intended for use as war reserve stocks 
for allied or other foreign countries (other than for purposes 
of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or in the 
implementation of agreements with Israel) in stockpiles located 
in foreign countries may not exceed in any fiscal year an 
amount that is specified in security assistance authorizing 
legislation for that fiscal year.
  (2)(A) The value of such additions to stockpiles of defense 
articles in foreign countries shall not exceed $200,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 
[and 2020] 2020, and 2021.
  (B) Of the amount specified in subparagraph (A) for a fiscal 
year, not more than $200,000,000 may be made available for 
stockpiles in the State of Israel.
  (c) Location of Stockpiles of Defense Articles.--
          (1) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        no stockpile of defense articles may be located outside 
        the boundaries of a United States military base or a 
        military base used primarily by the United States.
          (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply with 
        respect to stockpiles of defense articles located in 
        the Republic of Korea, Thailand, any country that is a 
        member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, any 
        country that is a major non-NATO ally, or any other 
        country the President may designate. At least 15 days 
        before designating a country pursuant to the last 
        clause of the preceding sentence, the President shall 
        notify the congressional committees specified in 
        section 634A(a) in accordance with the procedures 
        applicable to reprogramming notifications under that 
        section.
  (d) No defense article transferred from any stockpile which 
is made available to or for use by any foreign country may be 
considered an excess defense article for the purpose of 
determining the value thereof.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 516. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES.

  (a) Authorization.--The President is authorized to transfer 
excess defense articles under this section to [countries] 
countries, regional organizations, and international 
organizations for which receipt of such articles was justified 
pursuant to the annual congressional presentation documents for 
military assistance programs, or for programs under chapter 8 
of part I of this Act, submitted under section 634 of this Act, 
or for which receipt of such articles was separately justified 
to the Congress, for the fiscal year in which the transfer is 
authorized.
  (b) Limitations on Transfers.--[(1) The President] The 
President may transfer excess defense articles under this 
section only if--
          [(A)] (1) such articles are drawn from existing 
        stocks of the Department of Defense;
          [(B)] (2) except as provided in subsection (c)(3), 
        funds available to the Department of Defense for the 
        procurement of defense equipment are not expended in 
        connection with the transfer;
          [(C)] (3) the transfer of such articles will not have 
        an adverse impact on the military readiness of the 
        United States;
          [(D)] (4) with respect to a proposed transfer of such 
        articles on a grant basis, such a transfer is 
        preferable to a transfer on a sales basis, after taking 
        into account the potential proceeds from, and 
        likelihood of, such sales, and the comparative foreign 
        policy benefits that may accrue to the United States as 
        the result of a transfer on either a grant or sales 
        basis;
          [(E)] (5) the President determines that the transfer 
        of such articles will not have an adverse impact on the 
        national technology and industrial base and, 
        particularly, will not reduce the opportunities of 
        entities in the national technology and industrial base 
        to sell new or used equipment to the [countries] 
        countries, regional organizations, and international 
        organizations to which such articles are transferred; 
        and
          [(F)] (6) the transfer of such articles is consistent 
        with the policy framework for the Eastern Mediterranean 
        established under section 620C of this Act.
  [(2) Accordingly, for the four-year period beginning on 
October 1, 1996, and thereafter for the four-period beginning 
on October 1, 2000, the President shall ensure that excess 
defense articles offered to Greece and Turkey under this 
section will be made available consistent with the manner in 
which the President made available such excess defense articles 
during the four-year period that began on October 1, 1992, 
pursuant to section 573(e) of the Foreign Operations, Export 
Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990.]
  (c) Terms of Transfers.--
          (1) No cost to recipient country.--Excess defense 
        articles may be transferred under this section without 
        cost to the [recipient country] recipient country or 
        organization.
          [(2) Priority.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, the delivery of excess defense articles under 
        this section to member countries of the North Atlantic 
        Treaty Organization (NATO) on the southern and 
        southeastern flank of NATO, to major non-NATO allies on 
        such southern and southeastern flank, and to the 
        Philippines shall be given priority to the maximum 
        extent feasible over the delivery of such excess 
        defense articles to other countries.]
          (2) Priority.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, excess defense articles under this section shall 
        be transferred in accordance with United States foreign 
        policy, including national security priorities as 
        jointly determined by the Secretary of State, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Defense, to the 
        maximum extent feasible.
          (3) Supporting costs.--Funds available to the 
        Department of State for security assistance may be 
        expended for the refurbishment or upgrade of excess 
        defense articles transferred under the authority of 
        this section and for training of foreign security 
        forces directly in relation to excess defense articles 
        transferred under the authority of this section, if--
                  (A) such assistance is necessary to advance 
                the national security objectives of the United 
                States in relation to the recipient country or 
                countries; and
                  (B) such costs do not exceed $10 million in 
                relation to a single transfer of excess defense 
                articles under this section.
  (d) Waiver of Requirement for Reimbursement of Department of 
Defense Expenses.--Section 632(d) shall not apply with respect 
to transfers of excess defense articles (including 
transportation and related costs) under this section.
  (e) Transportation and Related Costs.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        funds available to the Department of Defense may not be 
        expended for crating, packing, handling, and 
        transportation of excess defense articles transferred 
        under the authority of this section.
          (2) Exception.--The President may provide for the 
        transportation of excess defense articles without 
        charge to a country for the costs of such 
        transportation if--
                  (A) it is determined that it is in the 
                national interest of the United States to do 
                so;
                  (B) the recipient is a developing country 
                receiving less than $10,000,000 of assistance 
                under chapter 5 of this part of this Act 
                (relating to international military education 
                and training) or section 23 of the Arms Export 
                Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763; relating to the 
                Foreign Military Financing program) in the 
                fiscal year in which the transportation is 
                provided;
                  (C) the total weight of the transfer does not 
                exceed 50,000 pounds; and
                  (D) such transportation is accomplished on a 
                space available basis.
  (f) Advance Notification to Congress for Transfer of Certain 
Excess Defense Articles.--
          (1) In general.--The President may not transfer 
        excess defense articles that are significant military 
        equipment (as defined in section 47(9) of the Arms 
        Export Control Act) or excess defense articles valued 
        (in terms of original acquisition cost) at [$7,000,000] 
        $25,000,000 or more, under this section or under the 
        Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.) until 
        30 days after the date on which the President has 
        provided notice of the proposed transfer to the 
        congressional committees specified in section 634A(a) 
        in accordance with procedures applicable to 
        reprogramming notifications under that section.
          (2) Contents.--Such notification shall include--
                  (A) a statement outlining the purposes for 
                which the article is being provided to the 
                [country] country or organization, including 
                whether such article has been previously 
                provided to such [country] country or 
                organization;
                  (B) an assessment of the impact of the 
                transfer on the military readiness of the 
                United States;
                  (C) an assessment of the impact of the 
                transfer on the national technology and 
                industrial base and, particularly, the impact 
                on opportunities of entities in the national 
                technology and industrial base to sell new or 
                used equipment to the [countries] countries or 
                organizations to which such articles are to be 
                transferred; and
                  (D) a statement describing the current value 
                of such article and the value of such article 
                at acquisition.
  (g) Aggregate Annual Limitation.--
          (1) In general.--The aggregate value of excess 
        defense articles transferred to countries under this 
        section in any fiscal year may not exceed 
        [$500,000,000] $600,000,000.
          (2) Effective date.--The limitation contained in 
        paragraph (1) shall apply only with respect to fiscal 
        years beginning after fiscal year 1996.
  (h) Congressional Presentation Documents.--Documents 
described in subsection (a) justifying the transfer of excess 
defense articles shall include an explanation of the general 
purposes of providing excess defense articles as well as a 
table which provides an aggregate annual total of transfers of 
excess defense articles in the preceding year by [country] 
country and organization in terms of offers and actual 
deliveries and in terms of acquisition cost and current value. 
Such table shall indicate whether such excess defense articles 
were provided on a grant or sale basis.
  (i) Excess Coast Guard Property.--For purposes of this 
section, the term ``excess defense articles'' shall be deemed 
to include excess property of the Coast Guard, and the term 
``Department of Defense'' shall be deemed, with respect to such 
excess property, to include the Coast Guard.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                   Chapter 6--Peacekeeping Operations

  Sec. 551. General Authority.--[The President] (a) The 
President  is authorized to furnish assistance to friendly 
countries and international organizations, on such terms and 
conditions as he may determine, for peacekeeping operations and 
other programs carried out in furtherance of the national 
security interests of the United States. Such assistance may 
include reimbursement to the Department of Defense for expenses 
incurred pursuant to section 7 of the United Nations 
Participation Act of 1945, except that such reimbursements may 
not exceed $5,000,000 in any fiscal year unless a greater 
amount is specifically authorized by this section.
  (b) Funds authorized to be appropriated under this chapter 
may also be used to provide assistance to enhance the capacity 
of foreign civilian security forces (as such term is defined in 
section 841(c) of the International Security Assistance Act of 
2019) to participate in peacekeeping and counterterrorism 
operations, and to promote greater participation of women in 
such peacekeeping operations.
  (c) Funds authorized to be appropriated under this chapter to 
provide assistance to friendly foreign countries for purposes 
other than support for multilateral peacekeeping operations 
shall be subject to the certification requirements of section 
36 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2776).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 555. WITHHOLDING OF ASSISTANCE TO UNITS OF FOREIGN SECURITY FORCES 
                    THAT ENGAGED IN SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OR ABUSE IN 
                    PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary of State should withhold 
assistance to any unit of the security forces of a foreign 
country if the Secretary has credible information that such 
unit has engaged in sexual exploitation or abuse, including 
while serving in a United Nations peacekeeping operation, until 
the Secretary determines that the government of such country is 
taking effective steps to hold the responsible members of such 
unit accountable and to prevent future incidents.
  (b) Notice.--The Secretary of State--
          (1) shall promptly notify the government of each 
        country subject to any withholding of assistance 
        pursuant to this section; and
          (2) shall notify the appropriate congressional 
        committees of such withholding not later than 10 days 
        after a determination to withhold such assistance is 
        made.
  (c) Assistance.--The Secretary of State shall, to the maximum 
extent practicable, assist the government of each country 
subject to any withholding of assistance pursuant to this 
section in bringing the responsible members of such unit of the 
security forces of the country to justice.
  (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
means--
          (1) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives; and
          (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 1--General Provisions

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 620. Prohibitions Against Furnishing Assistance.--(a)(1) 
No assistance shall be furnished under this Act to the present 
government of Cuba. As an additional means of implementing and 
carrying into effect the policy of the preceding sentence, the 
President is authorized to establish and maintain a total 
embargo upon all trade between the United States and Cuba.
  (2) Except as may be deemed necessary by the President in the 
interest of the United States, no assistance shall be furnished 
under this Act to any government of Cuba, nor shall Cuba be 
entitled to receive any quota authorizing the importation of 
Cuban sugar into the United States or to receive any other 
benefit under any law of the United States, until the President 
determines that such government has taken appropriate steps 
according to international law standards to return to United 
States citizens, and to entities not less than 50 per centum 
beneficially owned by United States citizens, or to provide 
equitable compensation to such citizens and entities for 
property taken from such citizens and entities on or after 
January 1, 1959, by the Government of Cuba.
  (c) No assistance shall be provided under this Act to the 
government of any country which is indebted to any United 
States citizen or person for goods or services furnished or 
ordered where (i) such citizen or person has exhausted 
available legal remedies, which shall include arbitration, or 
(ii) the debt is not denied or contested by such government, or 
(iii) such indebtedness arises under an unconditional guaranty 
of payment given by such government, or any predecessor 
government, directly or indirectly, through any controlled 
entity: Provided, That the President does not find such action 
contrary to the national security.
  (d) No assistance shall be furnished on a loan basis under 
chapter 1 of part I of this Act for construction or operation 
of any productive enterprise in any country where such 
enterprise will compete with United States enterprise unless 
such country has agreed that it will establish appropriate 
procedures to prevent the exportation for use or consumption in 
the United States of more than 20 per centum of the annual 
production of such facility during the life of the loan. In 
case of failure to implement such agreement by the other 
contracting party, the President is authorized to establish 
necessary import controls to effectuate the agreement. The 
restrictions imposed by or pursuant to this subsection may be 
waived by the President where he determines that such waiver is 
in the national security interest.
  (e)(1) The President shall suspend assistance to the 
government of any country to which assistance is provided under 
this or any other Act when the government of such country or 
any government agency or subdivision within such country on or 
after January 1, 1962--
          (A) has nationalized or expropriated or seized 
        ownership or control of property owned by any United 
        States citizen or by any corporation, partnership, or 
        association not less than 50 per centum beneficially 
        owned by United States citizens, or
          (B) has taken steps to repudiate or nullify existing 
        contracts or agreements with any United States citizen 
        or any corporation, partnership, or association not 
        less than 50 per centum beneficially owned by United 
        States citizens, or
          (C) has imposed or enforced discriminatory taxes or 
        other exactions, or restrictive maintenance or 
        operational conditions, or has taken other actions, 
        which have the effect of nationalizing, expropriating, 
        or otherwise seizing ownership or control of property 
        so owned,
and such country, government agency, or government subdivision 
fails within a reasonable time (not more than six months after 
such action, or, in the event of a referral to the Foreign 
Claims Settlement Commission of the United States within such 
period as provided herein, not more than twenty days after the 
report of the Commission is received) to take appropriate 
steps, which may include arbitration, to discharge its 
obligations under international law toward such citizen or 
entity, including speedy compensation for such property in 
convertible foreign exchange, equivalent to the full value 
thereof, as required by international law, or fails to take 
steps designed to provide relief from such taxes, exactions, or 
conditions, as the case may be; and such suspension shall 
continue until the President is satisfied that appropriate 
steps are being taken, and the provisions of this subsection 
shall not be waived with respect to any country unless the 
President determines and certifies that such a waiver is 
important to the national interests of the United States. Such 
certification shall be reported immediately to Congress.
                  
  Upon request of the President (within seventy days after such 
action referred to in subparagraphs (A), (B), or (C) of 
paragraph (1) of this section), the Foreign Claims Settlement 
Commission of the United States (established pursuant to 
Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1954, 68 Stat. 1279) is hereby 
authorized to evaluate expropriated property, determining the 
full value of any property nationalized, expropriated, or 
seized, or subject to discriminatory or other actions as 
aforesaid, for purposes of this subsection and to render an 
advisory report to the President within ninety days after such 
request. Unless authorized by the President, the Commission 
shall not publish its advisory report except to the citizen or 
entity owning such property. There is hereby authorized to be 
appropriated such amount, to remain available until expended, 
as may be necessary from time to time to enable the Commission 
to carry out expeditiously its functions under this subsection.
  (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no court in 
the United States shall decline on the ground of the federal 
act of state doctrine to make a determination on the merits 
giving effect to the principles of international law in a case 
in which claim of title or other right to property is asserted 
by any party including a foreign state (or a party claiming 
through such state) based upon (or traced through) a 
confiscation or other taking after January 1, 1959, by an act 
of that state in violation of the principles of international 
law, including the principles of compensation and the other 
standards set out in this subsection: Provided, That this 
subparagraph shall not be applicable (1) in any case in which 
an act of a foreign state is not contrary to international law 
or with respect to a claim of title or other right to property 
acquired pursuant to an irrevocable letter of credit of not 
more than 180 days duration issued in good faith prior to the 
time of the confiscation or other taking, or (2) in any case 
with respect to which the President determines that application 
of the act of state doctrine is required in that particular 
case by the foreign policy interests of the United States and a 
suggestion to this effect is filed on his behalf in that case 
with the court.
  (f)(1) No assistance shall be furnished under this Act, as 
amended (except section 214(b)), to any Communist country. This 
restriction may not be waived pursuant to any authority 
contained in this Act unless the President finds and promptly 
reports to Congress that: (A) such assistance is vital to the 
security of the United States; (B) the recipient country is not 
controlled by the international Communist conspiracy; and (C) 
such assistance will further promote the independence of the 
recipient country from international communism. For the 
purposes of this subsection, the phrase ``Communist country'' 
includes specifically, but is not limited to, the following 
countries:
          Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
          People's Republic of China.
          Republic of Cuba.
          Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
          Tibet.
  (2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of this 
subsection, the President may remove a country, for such period 
as the President determines, from the application of this 
subsection, and other provisions which reference this 
subsection, if the President determines and reports to the 
Congress that such action is important to the national interest 
of the United States. It is the sense of the Congress that when 
consideration is given to authorizing assistance to a country 
removed from the application of this subsection, one of the 
factors to be weighed, among others, is whether the country in 
question is giving evidence of fostering the establishment of a 
genuinely democratic system, with respect for internationally 
recognized human rights.
  (g) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no monetary 
assistance shall be made available under this Act to any 
government or political subdivision or agency of such 
government which will be used to compensate owners for 
expropriated or nationalized property and, upon finding by the 
President that such assistance has been used by any government 
for such purpose, no further assistance under this Act shall be 
furnished to such government until appropriate reimbursement is 
made to the United States for sums so diverted. This 
prohibition shall not apply to monetary assistance made 
available for use by a government (or a political subdivision 
or agency of a government) to compensate nationals of that 
country in accordance with a land reform program, if the 
President determines that monetary assistance for such land 
reform program will further the national interests of the 
United States.
  (h) The President shall adopt regulations and establish 
procedures to insure that United States foreign aid is not used 
in a manner which, contrary to the best interests of the United 
States, promotes or assists the foreign aid projects or 
activities of any country that is a Communist country for 
purposes of subsection (f).
  (j) The President shall consider terminating assistance under 
this or any other Act to any country which permits, or fails to 
take adequate measures to prevent, the damage or destruction by 
mob action of United States property within such country, and 
fails to take appropriate measures to prevent a recurrence 
thereof and to provide adequate compensation for such damage or 
destruction.
  (k) Without the express approval of Congress, no assistance 
shall be furnished under this Act to any country for 
construction of any productive enterprise with respect to which 
the aggregate value of assistance to be furnished by the United 
States will exceed $100,000,000, except that this sentence does 
not apply with respect to assistance for construction of any 
productive enterprise in Egypt which is described in the 
presentation materials to Congress. Except as otherwise 
provided in section 506, no military assistance to be furnished 
beginning July 1, 1966, by the United States will exceed 
$100,000,000 unless such program has been included in the 
presentation to the Congress during its consideration of 
authorizations for appropriations under this Act or of 
appropriations pursuant to authorizations contained in this 
Act. No provision of this or any other Act shall be construed 
to authorize the President to waive the provisions of this 
subsection.
  (l) The President shall consider denying assistance under 
this Act to the government of any less developed country which, 
after December 31, 1966, has failed to enter into an agreement 
with the President to institute the investment guaranty program 
under section 234(a)(1) of this Act, providing protection 
against the specific risks of inconvertibility under 
subparagraph (A), and expropriation or confiscation under 
subparagraph (B), of such section 234(a)(1).
  (o) In determining whether or not to furnish assistance under 
this Act, consideration shall be given to excluding from such 
assistance any country which hereafter seizes, or imposes any 
penalty or sanction against, any United States fishing vessel 
on account of its fishing activities in international waters. 
The provisions of this subsection shall not be applicable in 
any case governed by international agreement to which the 
United States is a party.
  (q) [No assistance]
          (1) No assistance  shall be furnished under this Act 
        to the government of any country which is in default, 
        during a period in excess of six calendar months, in 
        payment to the United States of principal or interest 
        on any loan made to the government of such country 
        under this Act, unless the government of such country 
        meets its obligations under the loan or unless the 
        President [determines that assistance to such country 
        is in the national interest and notifies the Speaker of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate of such determination.] 
        determines, after consultation with the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations 
        of the Senate, that assistance for the government of 
        such country is in the national interest of the United 
        States.
          (2) No assistance shall be furnished under this Act, 
        the Peace Corps Act, the Millennium Challenge Act of 
        2003, the African Development Foundation Act, the BUILD 
        Act of 2018, section 504 of the FREEDOM Support Act, or 
        section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act to the 
        government of any country which is in default during a 
        period in excess of 1 calendar year in payment to the 
        United States of principal or interest or any loan made 
        to the government of such country by the United States 
        pursuant to a program for which funds are appropriated 
        under such Act unless the President determines, 
        following consultation with the congressional 
        committees specified in paragraph (1), that assistance 
        for such country is in the national interest of the 
        United States.
  (r) No recipient of a loan made under the authority of this 
Act, any part of which is outstanding on or after the date of 
enactment of this subsection, shall be relieved of liability 
for the repayment of any part of the principal of or interest 
on such loan.
  (s)(1) In order to restrain arms races and proliferation of 
sophisticated weapons, and to ensure that resources intended 
for economic development are not diverted to military purposes, 
the President shall take into account before furnishing 
development loans, Alliance loans or supporting assistance to 
any country under this Act, and before making sales under the 
Food for Peace Act, as amended:
          (A) the percentage of the recipient or purchasing 
        country's budget which is devoted to military purposes; 
        and
          (B) the degree to which the recipient or purchasing 
        country is using its foreign exchange or other 
        resources to acquire military equipment.
  (2) The President shall report annually to the Speaker of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
of the Senate his actions in carrying out this provision.
  (t) No assistance shall be furnished under this or any other 
Act and no sales shall be made under the Food for Peace Act, in 
or to any country which has severed or hereafter severs 
diplomatic relations with the United States or with which the 
United States has severed or hereafter severs diplomatic 
relations, unless (1) diplomatic relations have been resumed 
with such country and (2) agreements for the furnishing of such 
assistance or the making of such sales, as the case may be, 
have been negotiated and entered into after the resumption of 
diplomatic relations with such country.
  (u) In any decision to provide or continue to provide any 
program of assistance to any country under the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, there shall be taken into 
account the status of the country with respect to its dues, 
assessments, and other obligations to the United Nations; and 
where such country is delinquent with respect to any such 
obligations for the purposes of the first sentence of Article 
19 of the United Nations Charter, the President shall furnish 
the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives a report setting forth 
the assurance given by the government of the country concerned 
of paying all of its arrearages and of placing its payments of 
such obligations on a current basis, or a full explanation of 
the unusual or exceptional circumstances which render it 
economically incapable of giving such assurance.
  (x)(1) All military assistance, all sales of defense articles 
and services (whether for cash or by credit, guaranty, or any 
other means), and all licenses with respect to the 
transportation of arms, ammunitions, and implements of war 
(including technical data relating thereto) to the Government 
of Turkey, shall be suspended on the date of enactment of this 
subsection unless and until the President determines and 
certifies to the Congress that the Government of Turkey is in 
compliance with the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the Foreign 
Military Sales Act, and any agreement entered into under such 
Acts, and that substantial progress toward agreement has been 
made regarding military forces in Cyprus: Provided, That for 
the fiscal year 1978 the President may suspend the provisions 
of this subsection and of section 3(c) of the Arms Export 
Control Act with respect to cash sales and extensions of 
credits and guaranties under such Act for the procurement of 
such defense articles and defense services as the President 
determines are necessary to enable Turkey to fulfill her 
defense responsibilities as a member of the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization, except that during the fiscal year 1978 
the total value of defense articles and defense services sold 
to Turkey under such Act, either for cash or financed by 
credits and guaranties, shall not exceed $175,000,000. Any such 
suspension shall be effective only so long as Turkey observes 
the cease-fire on Cyprus, does not increase its military forces 
or its civilian population on Cyprus, and does not transfer to 
Cyprus any United States supplied arms, ammunition, or 
implements of war. The determination required by the proviso in 
the first sentence of this paragraph shall be made, on a case-
by-case basis, with respect to each cash sale, each approval 
for use of credits, and each approval for use of a guaranty for 
Turkey. Each such determination shall be reported to the 
Congress and shall be accompanied by a full and complete 
statement of the reasons supporting the President's 
determination and a statement containing the information 
specified in clauses (A) through (D) of section 2(c)(4) of the 
Act of October 6, 1975 (Public Law 94-104). In any case 
involving the sale of significant combat equipment on the 
United States Munitions List in which the congressional review 
provisions of section 36(b) of the Arms Export Control Act do 
not apply, the President may not issue the letter of offer or 
approve the use of the credits or guaranty, as the case may be, 
until the end of the thirty-day period beginning on the date on 
which the report required by the preceding sentence is 
submitted to the Congress.
  (2) The President shall submit to the Congress within 60 days 
after the enactment of this paragraph and at the end of such 
succeeding sixty-day period, a report on progress made during 
such period toward the conclusion of a negotiated solution of 
the Cyprus conflict.
  (y)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the President 
shall withhold from amounts made available under this Act or 
any other Act and allocated for a country for a fiscal year an 
amount equal to the aggregate value of nuclear fuel and related 
assistance and credits provided by that country, or any entity 
of that country, to Cuba during the preceding fiscal year.
  (2) The requirement to withhold assistance for a country for 
a fiscal year under paragraph (1) shall not apply if Cuba--
          (A) has ratified the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation 
        of Nuclear Weapons (21 UST 483) or the Treaty of 
        Tlatelelco, and Cuba is in compliance with the 
        requirements of either such Treaty;
          (B) has negotiated and is in compliance with full-
        scope safeguards of the International Atomic Energy 
        Agency not later than two years after ratification by 
        Cuba of such Treaty; and
          (C) incorporates and is in compliance with 
        internationally accepted nuclear safety standards.
  (3) The Secretary of State shall prepare and submit to the 
Congress each year a report containing a description of the 
amount of nuclear fuel and related assistance and credits 
provided by any country, or any entity of a country, to Cuba 
during the preceding year, including the terms of each transfer 
of such fuel, assistance, or credits.

SEC. 620A. PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO GOVERNMENTS SUPPORTING 
                    INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM.

  (a) Prohibition.--The United States shall not provide any 
assistance under this Act, the Food for Peace Act, the Peace 
Corps Act, or the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 to any country 
if the Secretary of State determines [that the government of 
that country has repeatedly provided support for acts of 
international terrorism.] that the government of that country--
          (1) has repeatedly provided support for acts of 
        international terrorism; 
          (2) grants sanctuary from prosecution to any 
        individual or group which has committed an act of 
        international terrorism; 
          (3) otherwise supports international terrorism; or 
          (4) is controlled by an organization designated as a 
        foreign terrorist organization under section 219 of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189). 
  (b) Publication of Determinations.--Each determination of the 
Secretary of State under subsection (a), including each 
determination in effect on the date of the enactment of the 
Antiterrorism and Arms Export Amendments Act of 1989, shall be 
published in the Federal Register.
  (c) Rescission.--A determination made by the Secretary of 
State under subsection (a) may not be rescinded unless the 
President submits to the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives [and the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate], the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate, and the Committees on Appropriations 
of the House of Representatives and the Senate--
          (1) before the proposed rescission would take effect, 
        a report certifying that--
                  (A) there has been a fundamental change in 
                the leadership and policies of the government 
                of the country concerned;
                  (B) that government is not supporting acts of 
                international terrorism;
                  (C) that government has provided assurances 
                that it will not support acts of international 
                terrorism in the future; or
          (2) at least 45 days before the proposed rescission 
        would take effect, a report justifying the rescission 
        and certifying that--
                  (A) the government concerned has not provided 
                any support for international terrorism during 
                the preceding 6-month period; and
                  (B) the government concerned has provided 
                assurances that it will not support acts of 
                international terrorism in the future.
  (d) Waiver.--Assistance prohibited by subsection (a) may be 
provided to a country described in that subsection if--
          (1) the President determines that national security 
        interests or humanitarian reasons justify a waiver of 
        subsection (a), except that humanitarian reasons may 
        not be used to justify assistance under part II of this 
        Act (including chapter 4, chapter 6, and chapter 8), or 
        the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945; and
          (2) at least 15 days before the waiver takes effect, 
        the President consults with the Committee on Foreign 
        Affairs of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate regarding 
        the proposed waiver and submits a report to the Speaker 
        of the House of Representatives [and the chairman of 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate], the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
        the Senate, and the Committees on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives and the Senate containing--
                  (A) the name of the recipient country;
                  (B) a description of the national security 
                interests or humanitarian reasons which require 
                the waiver;
                  (C) the type and amount of and the 
                justification for the assistance to be provided 
                pursuant to the waiver; and
                  (D) the period of time during which such 
                waiver will be effective.
The waiver authority granted in this subsection may not be used 
to provide any assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 which is also prohibited by section 40 of the Arms Export 
Control Act.
  (e) Prohibition on Lethal Military Equipment Exports.--
          (1) Prohibition.--
                  (A) In general.--The United States shall not 
                provide any assistance under this Act or 
                section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act to 
                any foreign government that provides lethal 
                military equipment to a country the government 
                of which the Secretary of State has determined 
                supports international terrorism for purposes 
                of section 1754(c) of the Export Control Reform 
                Act of 2018.
                  (B) Termination.--The prohibition on 
                assistance under subparagraph (A) with respect 
                to a foreign government shall terminate 12 
                months after such government ceases to provide 
                the lethal military equipment described in such 
                subparagraph.
                  (C) Applicability.--This subsection applies 
                with respect to lethal military equipment 
                provided under a contract entered into after 
                October 1, 1997.
          (2) Waiver.--The President may waive the prohibition 
        on assistance under paragraph (1) with respect to a 
        foreign government if the President determines that to 
        do so is important to the national interest of the 
        United States.
          (3) Report.--Upon the exercise of the waiver 
        authority pursuant to paragraph (2), the President 
        shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report with respect to the furnishing of 
        assistance under the waiver authority, including--
                  (A) a detailed explanation of the assistance 
                to be provided;
                  (B) the estimated dollar amount of such 
                assistance; and
                  (C) an explanation of how the assistance 
                furthers the national interest of the United 
                States.
          (4) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In 
        this subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional 
        committees'' means--
                  (A) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                  (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations and 
                the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 620M. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO SECURITY FORCES.

  (a) In General.--No assistance shall be furnished under this 
Act or the Arms Export Control Act to any unit of the security 
forces of a foreign country, including any combined security 
activities or operations with any such unit, if the Secretary 
of State has credible information that such unit has committed 
a gross violation of human rights, including any act that 
constitutes a war crime, as such term is defined in section 
2441 of title 18, United States Code
  (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
apply if the Secretary determines and reports to the Committee 
on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs of the House of Representatives, and the Committees on 
Appropriations that the government of such country is taking 
effective steps to bring the responsible members of the 
security forces unit to justice.
  (c) Duty to Inform.--In the event that funds are withheld 
from any unit pursuant to this section, the Secretary of State 
shall promptly inform the foreign government of the basis for 
such action and shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
assist the foreign government in taking effective measures to 
bring the responsible members of the security forces to 
justice.
  (d) Credible Information.--The Secretary shall establish, and 
periodically update, procedures to--
          (1) ensure that for each country the Department of 
        State has a current list of all security force units 
        receiving United States training, equipment, or other 
        types of assistance;
          (2) facilitate receipt by the Department of State and 
        United States embassies of information from individuals 
        and organizations outside the United States Government 
        about gross violations of human rights by security 
        force units;
          (3) routinely request and obtain such information 
        from the Department of Defense, the Central 
        Intelligence Agency, and other United States Government 
        sources;
          (4) ensure that such information is evaluated and 
        preserved;
          (5) ensure that when an individual is designated to 
        receive United States training, equipment, or other 
        types of assistance the individual's unit is vetted as 
        well as the individual;
          (6) seek to identify the unit involved when credible 
        information of a gross violation exists but the 
        identity of the unit is lacking; and
          (7) make publicly available, [to the maximum extent 
        practicable] unless such disclosure would endanger the 
        safety of human sources or reveal sensitive 
        intelligence sources and methods, the identity of those 
        units for which no assistance shall be furnished 
        pursuant to subsection (a).
  (e) Report.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than January 31 of each 
        year, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate, a report on the vetting 
        process of units of security forces of foreign 
        countries established to comply with this section.
          (2) Matters to be included.--The report required 
        under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                  (A) The total number of units submitted for 
                vetting during the prior calendar year, and the 
                number of such units that were approved, 
                suspended, or rejected for human rights 
                reasons.
                  (B) The name of such units rejected during 
                the prior calendar year and a description of 
                the steps taken to assist the government of the 
                foreign country in bringing the responsible 
                members of such units to justice, in accordance 
                with subsection (c).
                  (C) An updated list of the units with respect 
                to which no assistance is to be furnished 
                pursuant to subsection (a).

Chapter 2--Administrative Provisions

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 622. Coordination With Foreign Policy.--(a) Nothing 
contained in this Act shall be construed to infringe upon the 
powers or functions of the Secretary of State.
  (b) The President shall prescribe appropriate procedures to 
assure coordination among representatives of the United States 
Government in each country, under the leadership of the Chief 
of the United States Diplomatic Mission. The Chief of the 
Diplomatic Mission shall make sure that recommendations of such 
representatives pertaining to military assistance (including 
civic action) and military education and training programs are 
coordinated with political and economic considerations, and his 
comments shall accompany such recommendations if he so desires.
  (c) Under the direction of the President, the Secretary of 
State shall be responsible for the continuous supervision and 
general direction of economic assistance, law enforcement and 
justice sector assistance, military assistance, and military 
education and training programs, including but not limited to 
determining whether there shall be a military assistance 
(including civic action) or a military education and training 
program for a country and the value thereof, to the end that 
such programs are effectively integrated both at home and 
abroad and the foreign policy of the United States is best 
served thereby.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 3--Miscellaneous Provisions

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 656. ANNUAL FOREIGN MILITARY TRAINING REPORT.

  (a) Annual Report.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than [January 31] March 1 
        of each year, the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of State shall jointly prepare and submit to 
        the appropriate congressional committees a report on 
        all military training provided to foreign military 
        personnel by the Department of Defense and the 
        Department of State during the previous fiscal year and 
        all such training proposed for the current fiscal year.
          (2) Exception for certain countries.--Paragraph (1) 
        does not apply to any NATO member, Australia, Japan, or 
        New Zealand, unless one of the appropriate 
        congressional committees has specifically requested, in 
        writing, inclusion of such country in the report. Such 
        request shall be made not later than 90 calendar days 
        prior to the date on which the report is required to be 
        transmitted.
  (b) Contents.--The report described in subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
          (1) For each military training activity, the foreign 
        policy justification and purpose for the activity, the 
        number of foreign military personnel provided training 
        and their units of operation, and the location of the 
        training.
          (2) For each country, the aggregate number of 
        students trained and the aggregate cost of the military 
        training activities.
          (3) With respect to United States personnel, the 
        operational benefits to United States forces derived 
        from each military training activity and the United 
        States military units involved in each activity.
  (c) Form.--The report described in subsection (a) shall be in 
unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
  (d) Availability on Internet.--All unclassified portions of 
the report described in subsection (a) shall be made available 
to the public on the Internet through the Department of State.
  (e) Definition.--In this section, the term ``appropriate 
congressional committees'' means--
          (1) the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee 
        on International Relations of the House of 
        Representatives; and
          (2) the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee 
        on Foreign Relations of the Senate.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


SECTION 7 OF THE TOM LANTOS BLOCK BURMESE JADE (JUNTA'S ANTI-DEMOCRATIC 
                          EFFORTS) ACT OF 2008

[SEC. 7. SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE AND POLICY COORDINATOR FOR BURMA.

  [(a) United States Special Representative and Policy 
Coordinator for Burma.--The President shall appoint a Special 
Representative and Policy Coordinator for Burma, by and with 
the advice and consent of the Senate.
  [(b) Rank.--The Special Representative and Policy Coordinator 
for Burma appointed under subsection (a) shall have the rank of 
ambassador and shall hold the office at the pleasure of the 
President. Except for the position of United States Ambassador 
to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Special 
Representative and Policy Coordinator may not simultaneously 
hold a separate position within the executive branch, including 
the Assistant Secretary of State, the Deputy Assistant 
Secretary of State, the United States Ambassador to Burma, or 
the Charge d'affairs to Burma.
  [(c) Duties and Responsibilities.--The Special Representative 
and Policy Coordinator for Burma shall--
          [(1) promote a comprehensive international effort, 
        including multilateral sanctions, direct dialogue with 
        the SPDC and democracy advocates, and support for 
        nongovernmental organizations operating in Burma and 
        neighboring countries, designed to restore civilian 
        democratic rule to Burma and address the urgent 
        humanitarian needs of the Burmese people;
          [(2) consult broadly, including with the Governments 
        of the People's Republic of China, India, Thailand, and 
        Japan, and the member states of ASEAN and the European 
        Union to coordinate policies toward Burma;
          [(3) assist efforts by the United Nations Special 
        Envoy to secure the release of all political prisoners 
        in Burma and to promote dialogue between the SPDC and 
        leaders of Burma's democracy movement, including Aung 
        San Suu Kyi;
          [(4) consult with Congress on policies relevant to 
        Burma and the future and welfare of all the Burmese 
        people, including refugees; and
          [(5) coordinate the imposition of Burma sanctions 
        within the United States Government and with the 
        relevant international financial institutions.]
                              ----------                              


                      FOREIGN SERVICE ACT OF 1980



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
  Sec. 2. Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this 
Act is as follows:

                            TABLE OF CONTENTS

Sec. 1. Short title.
     * * * * * * *

                   Chapter 6--Promotion and Retention

Sec. 601. Promotions.
     * * * * * * *
[Sec. 614. Foreign Service awards.]
Sec. 614. Department awards.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE I--THE FOREIGN SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                        Chapter 3--Appointments

  Sec. 301. General Provisions Relating to Appointments.--(a) 
Only citizens of the United States may be appointed to the 
Service, other than for service abroad as a consular agent or 
as a foreign national employee.
  (b) [The Secretary] (1) The Secretary  shall prescribe, as 
appropriate, written, oral, physical, foreign language, and 
other examinations for appointment to the Service (other than 
as a chief of mission or ambassador at large).
  (2) The Secretary shall ensure that the Board of Examiners 
for the Foreign Service annually offers the oral assessment 
examinations described in paragraph (1) in cities, chosen on a 
rotating basis, located in at least three different time zones 
across the United States.
  (c) The fact that an applicant for appointment as a Foreign 
Service officer candidate is a veteran or disabled veteran 
shall be considered an affirmative factor in making such 
appointments. As used in this subsection, the term ``veteran or 
disabled veteran'' means an individual who is a preference 
eligible under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of section 2108(3) 
of title 5, United States Code.
  (d)(1) Members of the Service serving under career 
appointments are career members of the Service. Members of the 
Service serving under limited appointments are either career 
candidates or non-career members of the Service.
  (2) Chiefs of mission, ambassadors at large, and ministers 
serve at the pleasure of the President.
  (3) An appointment as a Foreign Service officer is a career 
appointment. Foreign Service employees serving as career 
candidates or career members of the Service shall not represent 
to the income tax authorities of the District of Columbia or 
any other State or locality that they are exempt from income 
taxation on the basis of holding a Presidential appointment 
subject to Senate confirmation or that they are exempt on the 
basis of serving in an appointment whose tenure is at the 
pleasure of the President.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  Sec. 308. Recall and Reemployment of Career Members.--[(a) 
Whenever the Secretary determines that the needs of the Service 
so require, the Secretary may recall any retired career member 
of the Service for active duty in the same personnel category 
as that member was serving at the time of retirement. A retired 
career member may be recalled under this section to any 
appropriate salary class or rate, except that a retired career 
member of the Senior Foreign Service may not be recalled to a 
salary class higher than the one in which the member was 
serving at the time of retirement unless appointed to such 
higher class by the President, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate.] (a) Whenever the Secretary determines 
that the needs of the Department so require, the Secretary may 
recall any retired or voluntarily separated career member of 
the Service, or any retired or voluntarily separated career 
employee of the civil service (within the meaning of section 
315.201 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
section)), for active duty in the same personnel category as 
such member or employee was serving at the time of retirement 
or voluntary separation. A recalled retired or voluntarily 
separated career member of the Service or retired or 
voluntarily separated career employee of the civil service may 
not be recalled to a salary class higher than the one in which 
such member or employee was serving at the time of retirement 
or voluntary separation, unless appointed to such higher class 
by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate.
  (b) Former career members of the Service may be reappointed 
under section 302(a)(1) or 303, without regard to section 306, 
in a salary class which is appropriate in light of the 
qualifications and experience of the individual being 
reappointed. Former career tenured members of the Service 
seeking reappointment, if separated for other than cause for up 
to three years prior to the date of the enactment of this 
sentence, shall be eligible to participate in the regular 
assignment bidding process without restriction and shall not be 
required to accept a directed first assignment upon 
reappointment.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


         Chapter 5--Classification of Positions and Assignments

  Sec. 501. Classification of Positions.--The Secretary shall 
designate and classify positions in the Department and at 
Foreign Service posts which are to be occupied by members of 
the Service (other than by chiefs of mission and ambassadors at 
large). Positions designated under this section are excepted 
from the competitive service. If a position designated under 
this section is unfilled for more than 365 calendar days, such 
position may be filled, as appropriate, on a temporary basis, 
in accordance with section 309. Position classifications under 
this section shall be established, without regard to chapter 51 
of title 5, United States Code, in relation to the salaries 
established under chapter 4. In classifying positions at 
Foreign Service posts abroad, the Secretary shall give 
appropriate weight to job factors relating to service abroad 
and to the compensation practices applicable to United States 
citizens employed abroad by United States corporations.
  Sec. 502. Assignments to Foreign Service Positions.--(a)(1) 
The Secretary (with the concurrence of the agency concerned) 
may assign a member of the Service to any position classified 
under section 501 in which that member is eligible to serve 
(other than as chief of mission or ambassador at large), and 
may assign a member from one such position to another such 
position as the needs of the Service may require.
  (2) In making assignments under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
shall assure that a member of the Service is not assigned to or 
prohibited from being assigned to a position at a post in a 
particular geographic area, or domestically, in a position 
working on issues relating to a particular country or 
geographic area, on the basis of the race, ethnicity, or 
religion of that member. Any employee subjected to an 
assignment restriction or preclusion shall have the same appeal 
rights as provided by the Department regarding denial or 
revocation of a security clearance. Any such appeal shall be 
resolved not later than 60 days after such appeal is filed.
  (b) Positions designated as Foreign Service positions 
normally shall be filled by the assignment of members of the 
Service to those positions. Subject to that limitation--
          (1) Foreign Service positions may be filled by the 
        assignment for specified tours of duty of employees of 
        the Department and, under interagency agreements, 
        employees of other agencies; and
          (2) Senior Foreign Service positions may also be 
        filled by other members of the Service.
  (c) The President may assign a career member of the Service 
to serve as charge d'affaires or otherwise as the head of a 
mission (or as the head of a United States office abroad which 
is designated under section 102(a)(3) by the Secretary of State 
as diplomatic in nature) for such period as the public interest 
may require.
  (d) The Secretary of State, in conjunction with the heads of 
the other agencies utilizing the Foreign Service personnel 
system, shall implement policies and procedures to insure that 
Foreign Service officers and members of the Senior Foreign 
Service of all agencies are able to compete for chief of 
mission positions and have opportunities on an equal basis to 
compete for assignments outside their areas of specialization.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                   Chapter 6--Promotion and Retention

  Sec. 601. Promotions.--(a) Career members of the Senior 
Foreign Service are promoted by appointment under section 
302(a) to a higher salary class in the Senior Foreign Service. 
Members of the Senior Foreign Service serving under career 
candidate appointments or noncareer appointments are promoted 
by appointment under section 303 to a higher salary class in 
the Senior Foreign Service. Foreign Service officers, and 
Foreign Service personnel who are assigned to a class in the 
Foreign Service Schedule, are promoted by appointment under 
section 302(a) as career members of the Senior Foreign Service 
or by assignment under section 404 to a higher salary class in 
the Foreign Service Schedule.
  (b) Except as provided in section 606(a), promotions of--
          (1) members of the Senior Foreign Service, and
          (2) members of the Service assigned to a salary class 
        in the Foreign Service Schedule (including promotions 
        of such members into the Senior Foreign Service).
shall be based upon the recommendations and rankings of 
selection boards established under section 602, except that the 
Secretary may by regulation specify categories of career 
members, categories of career candidates, and other members of 
the Service assigned to salary classes in the Foreign Service 
Schedule who may receive promotions on the basis of 
satisfactory performance.
  (c)(1) Promotions into the Senior Foreign Service shall be 
recommended by selection boards only from among career members 
of the Service assigned to class 1 in the Foreign Service 
Schedule who request that they be considered for promotion into 
the Senior Foreign Service. The Secretary shall prescribe the 
length of the period after such a request is made (within any 
applicable time in class limitation established under section 
607(a)) during which such members may be considered by 
selection boards for entry into the Senior Foreign Service. A 
request by a member for consideration for promotion into the 
Senior Foreign Service under this subsection may be withdrawn 
by the member, but if it is withdrawn, that member may not 
thereafter request consideration for promotion into the Senior 
Foreign Service.
  (2) Decisions by the Secretary on the numbers of individuals 
to be promoted into and retained in the Senior Foreign Service 
shall be based upon a systematic long-term projection of 
personnel flows and needs designed to provide--
          (A) a regular, predictable flow of recruitment in the 
        Service;
          (B) effective career development patterns to meet the 
        needs of the Service; and
          (C) a regular, predictable flow of talent upward 
        through the ranks and into the Senior Foreign Service.
  (3) The affidavit requirements of sections 3332 and 3333(a) 
of title 5, United States Code, shall not apply with respect to 
a member of the Service who has previously complied with those 
requirements and who subsequently is promoted by appointment to 
any class in the Senior Foreign Service without a break in 
service.
  (6)(A) The [promotion] promotion, on or after January 1, 
2017, of any [individual joining the Service on or after 
January 1, 2017,] Foreign Service officer, appointed under 
section 302(a)(1), who has general responsibility for carrying 
out the functions of the Service to the Senior Foreign Service 
shall be contingent upon such individual completing at least 
one tour in--
          (i) a global affairs bureau; or
          (ii) a global affairs position.
  (B) The requirements under subparagraph (A) shall not apply 
if the Secretary certifies that the individual proposed for 
promotion to the Senior Foreign Service--
          (i) has met all other requirements applicable to such 
        promotion; and
          (ii) was unable to complete a tour in a global 
        affairs bureau or global affairs position because there 
        was not a reasonable opportunity for such individual to 
        be assigned to such a position.
  (C) In this paragraph--
          (i) the term ``global affairs bureau'' means any 
        bureau of the Department that is under the 
        responsibility of--
                  (I) the Under Secretary for Economic Growth, 
                Energy, and Environment;
                  (II) the Under Secretary for Arms Control and 
                International Security Affairs;
                  (III) the Under Secretary for Management;
                  (IV) the Assistant Secretary for 
                International Organization Affairs;
                  (V) the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy 
                and Public Affairs; or
                  (VI) the Under Secretary for Civilian, 
                Security, Democracy, and Human Rights; and
          (ii) the term ``global affairs position'' means any 
        position funded with amounts appropriated to the 
        Department under the heading ``Diplomatic Policy and 
        Support''.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  Sec. 610. Separation for Cause; Suspension.--(a)(1) The 
Secretary may decide to separate any member from the Service 
for such cause as will promote the efficiency of the Service.
  (2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), whenever the 
Secretary decides under paragraph (1) to separate, on the basis 
of misconduct, any member of the Service (other than a United 
States citizen employed under section 311 of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 who is not a family member) who either--
          (i) is serving under a career appointment, or
          (ii) is serving under a limited appointment,
the member may not be separated from the Service until the 
member receives a hearing before the Foreign Service Grievance 
Board and the Board decides that cause for separation has been 
established, unless the member waives, in writing, the right to 
such a hearing, or the member's appointment has expired, 
whichever is sooner.
  (B) The right to a hearing in subparagraph (A) does not apply 
in the case of an individual who has been convicted of a crime 
for which a sentence of imprisonment of more than one year may 
be imposed.
  (3) If the Board decides that cause for separation has not 
been established, the Board may direct the Department to pay 
reasonable attorneys' fees to the extent and in the manner 
provided by section 1107(b)(5). The hearing provided under this 
paragraph shall be conducted in accordance with the hearing 
procedures applicable to grievances under section 1106 and 
shall be in lieu of any other administrative procedure 
authorized or required by this or any other Act. Section 1110 
shall apply to proceedings under this paragraph.
  (4) Notwithstanding the hearing required by paragraph (2), at 
the time that the Secretary decides to separate a member of the 
Service for cause, the member shall be placed on leave without 
pay. If the member does not waive the right to a hearing, and 
the Board decides that cause for separation has not been 
established, the member shall be reinstated with back pay.
  (b) Any participant in the Foreign Service Retirement and 
Disability System who is separated under subsection (a) shall 
be entitled to receive a refund as provided in section 815 of 
the contributions made by the participant to the Foreign 
Service Retirement and Disability Fund. Except in cases where 
the Secretary determines that separation was based in whole or 
in part on the ground of disloyalty to the United States, a 
participant who has at least 5 years of service credit toward 
retirement under the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability 
System (excluding military and naval service) may elect, in 
lieu of such refund, to an annuity, computed under section 806, 
commencing at age 60.
  (c)(1) In order to promote the efficiency of the Service, the 
Secretary may [suspend] indefinitely suspend without duties a 
member of the Service when--
                  (A) the member's security clearance is 
                suspended; or
                  (B) there is reasonable cause to believe that 
                the member has committed a crime for which a 
                sentence of imprisonment may be imposed.
  (2) Any member of the Service for whom a suspension is 
proposed under this subsection shall be entitled to--
          (A) written notice stating the specific reasons for 
        the proposed suspension;
          (B) a reasonable time to respond orally and in 
        writing to the proposed suspension;
          (C) obtain at such member's own expense 
        representation by an attorney or other representative; 
        and
          (D) a final written decision, including the specific 
        reasons for such decision, as soon as practicable.
  (3) Any member suspended under this subsection may file a 
grievance in accordance with the procedures applicable to 
grievances under chapter 11 of title I.
  (4) If a grievance is filed pursuant to paragraph (3)--
          (A) the review by the Foreign Service Grievance Board 
        shall be limited to a determination of whether the 
        provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) have been 
        fulfilled; and
          (B) the Board may not exercise the authority provided 
        under section 1106(8).
  (5) Any member of the Service suspended from duties under 
this subsection may be suspended without pay only after a final 
written decision is provided to such member under paragraph 
(2).
  (6) If no final written decision under paragraph (2) has been 
provided within one calendar year of the date the suspension at 
issue was proposed, not later than 30 days thereafter the 
Secretary of State shall report to the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate in writing regarding the 
specific reasons for such delay.
  [(5) In this subsection:]
          [(A) The term]
  (7) In this subsection, the term  ``reasonable time'' means--
                  [(i)] (A) with respect to a member of the 
                Service assigned to duty in the United States, 
                15 days after receiving notice of the proposed 
                suspension; and
                  [(ii)] (B) with respect to a member of the 
                Service assigned to duty outside the United 
                States, 30 days after receiving notice of the 
                proposed suspension.
          [(B) The terms ``suspend'' and ``suspension'' mean 
        placing a member of the Foreign Service in a temporary 
        status without duties.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  Sec. 614. [Foreign Service Awards.--] Department Awards.--
T1The President shall establish a system of awards to confer 
appropriate recognition of outstanding contributions to the 
Nation by members of the Service or Civil Service. The awards 
system established under this section shall provide for 
presentation by the President and by the Secretary of medals or 
other suitable commendations for performance in the course of 
or beyond the call of duty which involves distinguished, 
meritorious service to the Nation, including extraordinary 
valor in the face of danger to life or health. Distinguished, 
meritorious service in the promotion of internationally 
recognized human rights, including the right to freedom of 
religion, shall serve as a basis for granting awards under this 
section.

        Chapter 7--Career Development, Training, and Orientation

  Sec. 701. Institution for Training.--(a) The Secretary of 
State shall maintain and operate an institution or center for 
training (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the 
``institution''), originally established under section 701 of 
the Foreign Service Act of 1946, in order to promote career 
development within the Service and to provide necessary 
training and instruction in the field of foreign relations to 
members of the Service and to employees of the Department and 
of other agencies. The institution shall be headed by a 
Director, who shall be appointed by the Secretary of State. The 
institution shall be designated the ``George P. Shultz National 
Foreign Affairs Training Center''
  (b) To the extent practicable, the Secretary of State shall 
provide training under this chapter which meets the needs of 
all agencies, and other agencies shall avoid duplicating the 
facilities and training provided by the Secretary of State 
through the institution and otherwise.
  (c) Training and instruction may be provided at the Institute 
for not to exceed sixty citizens of the Trust Territory of the 
Pacific Islands in order to prepare them to serve as members of 
the foreign services of the Federated States of Micronesia, the 
Marshall Islands, and Palau. The authority of this subsection 
shall expire when the Compact of Free Association is approved 
by the Congress.
  (d)(1) The Secretary of State is authorized to provide for 
special professional foreign affairs training and instruction 
of employees of foreign governments through the institution.
  (2) Training and instruction under paragraph (1) shall be on 
a reimbursable or advance-of-funds basis. Such reimbursements 
or advances to the Department of State may be provided by an 
agency of the United States Government or by a foreign 
government and shall be credited to the currently available 
applicable appropriation account.
  (3) In making such training available to employees of foreign 
governments, priority consideration should be given to 
officials of newly emerging democratic nations and then to such 
other countries as the Secretary determines to be in the 
national interest of the United States.
  (e)(1) The Secretary may provide appropriate training or 
related services, except foreign language training, through the 
institution to any United States person (or any employee or 
family member thereof) that is engaged in business abroad.
  (2) The Secretary may provide job-related training or related 
services, including foreign language training, through the 
institution to a United States person under contract to provide 
services to the United States Government or to any employee 
thereof that is performing such services.
  (3) Training under this subsection may be provided only to 
the extent that space is available and only on a reimbursable 
or advance-of-funds basis. Reimbursements and advances shall be 
credited to the currently available applicable appropriation 
account.
  (4) Training and related services under this subsection is 
authorized only to the extent that it will not interfere with 
the institution's primary mission of training employees of the 
Department and of other agencies in the field of foreign 
relations.
  (5) In this subsection, the term ``United States person'' 
means--
          (A) any individual who is a citizen or national of 
        the United States; or
          (B) any corporation, company, partnership, 
        association, or other legal entity that is 50 percent 
        or more beneficially owned by citizens or nationals of 
        the United States.
  (f)(1) The Secretary is authorized to provide, on a 
reimbursable basis, training programs to Members of Congress or 
the Judiciary.
  (2) Employees of the legislative branch and employees of the 
judicial branch may participate, on a reimbursable basis, in 
training programs offered by the institution.
  (3) Reimbursements collected under this subsection shall be 
credited to the currently available applicable appropriation 
account.
  (4) Training under this subsection is authorized only to the 
extent that it will not interfere with the institution's 
primary mission of training employees of the Department and of 
other agencies in the field of foreign relations.
  (g)(1) The institution is authorized to receive private funds 
from private individuals and organizations to supplement the 
institution's funding and expand and enhance training, 
including for the following:
          (A) Design and implementation of a degree granting 
        program at the institution.
          (B) Curriculum development.
          (C) Training and classes for Members of Congress and 
        congressional staff.
          (D) Hiring retired Department of State personnel to 
        teach, notwithstanding other hiring limitations.
          (E) Other purposes as determined appropriate and 
        necessary by the Secretary of State.
  (2) Private funding received by the institution pursuant to 
this subsection shall be provided at the discretion of the 
grantor individual or organization, as the case may be.
  (3) Not less than once annually, and at the request of the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs or the Committee on Appropriations 
of the House of Representatives or the Committee on Foreign 
Relations or the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, the 
Department shall provide the names of grantors and information 
relating to the nature and amounts of any contributions made.
  [(g)] (h) The authorities of section 704 shall apply to 
training and instruction provided under this section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


              Chapter 9--Travel, Leave, and Other Benefits

  Sec. 901. Travel and Related Expenses.--The Secretary may pay 
the travel and related expenses of members of the Service and 
their families, including costs or expenses incurred for--
          (1) proceeding to and returning from assigned posts 
        of duty;
          (2) authorized or required home leave;
          (3) family members to accompany, precede, or follow a 
        member of the Service to a place of temporary duty;
          (4) representational travel within the country to 
        which the member of the Service is assigned or, when 
        not more than one family member participates, outside 
        such country;
          (5) obtaining necessary medical care for an illness, 
        injury, or medical condition while abroad in a locality 
        where there is no suitable person or facility to 
        provide such care (without regard to those laws and 
        regulations limiting or restricting the furnishing or 
        payment of transportation and traveling expenses), as 
        well as expenses for--
                  (A) an attendant or attendants for a member 
                of the Service or a family member who is too 
                ill to travel unattended or for a family member 
                who is too young to travel alone, and
                  (B) a family member incapable of caring for 
                himself or herself if he or she remained at the 
                post at which the member of the Service is 
                serving;
          (6) rest and recuperation travel of members of the 
        Service who are United States citizens, and members of 
        their families, while serving at locations abroad 
        specifically designated by the Secretary for purposes 
        of this paragraph, to--
                  (A) other locations abroad having different 
                social, climatic, or other environmental 
                conditions than those at the post at which the 
                member of the Service is serving, or
                  (B) locations in the United States or its 
                territories, including American Samoa, the 
                Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the 
                Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, 
                and the United States Virgin Islands;
        except that, unless the Secretary otherwise specifies 
        in extraordinary circumstances, travel expenses under 
        this paragraph shall be limited to the cost for a 
        member of the Service, and for each member of the 
        family of the member, of 1 round trip during any 
        continuous 2-year tour unbroken by home leave and of 2 
        round trips during any continuous 3-year tour unbroken 
        by home leave;
          (7) removal of the family members of a member of the 
        Service, and the furniture and household and personal 
        effects (including automobiles) of the family, from a 
        Foreign Service post where there is imminent danger 
        because of the prevalence of disturbed conditions, and 
        the return of such individuals, furniture, and effects 
        to such post upon the cessation of such conditions, or 
        to such other Foreign Service post as may in the 
        meantime have become the post to which the member of 
        the Service has been reassigned;
          (8) trips by a member of the Service, and members of 
        his or her family, for purposes of family visitation in 
        situations where the family of the member is prevented 
        by official order from accompanying the member to, or 
        has been ordered from, the assigned post of the member 
        because of imminent danger due to the prevalence of 
        disturbed conditions, except that--
                  (A) with respect to any such member whose 
                family is located in the United States, the 
                Secretary may pay the costs and expenses for 
                not to exceed two round trips in a 12-month 
                period; and
                  (B) with respect to any such member whose 
                family is located abroad, the Secretary may pay 
                such costs and expenses for trips in a 12-month 
                period as do not exceed the cost of 2 round 
                trips (at less than first class) to the 
                District of Columbia;
          (9) round-trip travel to or from an employee's post 
        of assignment for purposes of family visitation in 
        emergency situations involving personal hardship, 
        except that payment for travel by family members to an 
        employee's post of assignment may be authorized under 
        this paragraph only where the family of the member is 
        prevented by official order from residing at such post;
          (10) preparing and transporting to the designated 
        home in the United States or to a place not more 
        distant, the remains of a member of the Service, or of 
        a family member of a member of the Service, who dies 
        abroad or while in travel status or, if death occurs in 
        the United States, transport of the remains to the 
        designated home in the United States or to a place not 
        more distant;
          (11) transporting the furniture and household and 
        personal effects of a member of the Service (and of his 
        or her family) to successive posts of duty and, on 
        separation of a member from the Service, to the place 
        where the member will reside (or if the member has 
        died, to the place where his or her family will 
        reside);
          (12) packing and unpacking, transporting to and from 
        a place of storage, and storing the furniture and 
        household and personal effects of a member of the 
        Service (and of his or her family)--
                  (A) when the member is absent from his or her 
                post of assignment under orders or is assigned 
                to a Foreign Service post to which such 
                furniture and household and personal effects 
                cannot be taken or at which they cannot be 
                used, or when it is in the public interest or 
                more economical to authorize storage;
                  (B) in connection with an assignment of the 
                member to a new post, except that costs and 
                expenses may be paid under this subparagraph 
                only for the period beginning on the date of 
                departure from his or her last post or (in the 
                case of a new member) on the date of departure 
                from the place of residence of the member and 
                ending on the earlier of the date which is 3 
                months after arrival of the member at the new 
                post or the date on which the member 
                establishes residence quarters, except that in 
                extraordinary circumstances the Secretary may 
                extend this period for not more than an 
                additional 90 days; and
                  (C) in connection with separation of the 
                member from the Service, except that costs or 
                expenses may not be paid under this 
                subparagraph for storing furniture and 
                household and personal effects for more than 3 
                months, except that in extraordinary 
                circumstances the Secretary may extend this 
                period for not more than an additional 90 days;
          (13) transporting, for or on behalf of a member of 
        the Service, a privately owned motor vehicle in any 
        case in which the Secretary determines that water, 
        rail, or air transportation of the motor vehicle is 
        necessary or expedient for all or any part of the 
        distance between points of origin and destination, but 
        transportation may be provided under this paragraph for 
        only one motor vehicle of a member during any 48-month 
        period while the member is continuously serving abroad, 
        except that another motor vehicle may be so transported 
        as a replacement for such motor vehicle if such 
        replacement--
                  (A) is determined, in advance, by the 
                Secretary to be necessary for reasons beyond 
                the control of the members and in the interest 
                of the Government, or
                  (B) is incident to a reassignment when the 
                cost of transporting the replacement motor 
                vehicle does not exceed the cost of 
                transporting the motor vehicle that is 
                replaced;
          (14) the travel and relocation of members of the 
        Service, and members of their families, assigned to or 
        within the United States (or any territory or 
        possession of the United States or the Commonwealth of 
        Puerto Rico), including assignments under subchapter VI 
        of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code 
        (notwithstanding section 3375(a) of such title, if an 
        agreement similar to that required by section 3375(b) 
        of such title is executed by the member of the 
        Service); and
          (15) [1 round-trip per year for each child below age 
        21 of a member of the Service assigned abroad] in the 
        case of one or more children below age 21 of a member 
        of the Service assigned abroad, 1 round-trip per year--
                  (A) for each child to visit the member abroad 
                if the child does not regularly reside with the 
                member and the member is not receiving an 
                education allowance or educational travel 
                allowance for the child under section 5924(4) 
                of title 5, United States Code[; or],
                  (B) for each child to visit the other parent 
                of the child if the other parent resides in a 
                country other than the country to which the 
                member is assigned and the child regularly 
                resides with the member and does not regularly 
                attend school in the country in which the other 
                parent resides, or
                  (C) for one of the child's parents to visit 
                the child or children abroad if the child or 
                children do not regularly reside with that 
                parent and that parent is not receiving an 
                education allowance or educational travel 
                allowance for the child or children under 
                section 5924(4) of title 5, United States Code,
except that [a payment] the cost of round-trip travel under 
this paragraph may not exceed the cost of round-trip travel 
between the post to which the member is assigned and the 
residence of the other parent, or between the post to which the 
member is assigned and the residence of the child if the child 
does not reside with a parent.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  Sec. 903. Required Leave in the United States.--(a) The 
Secretary may order a member of the Service (other than a 
member employed under section 311) who is a citizen of the 
United States to take a leave of absence under section 6305 of 
title 5, United States Code (without regard to the introductory 
clause of subsection (a) of that section), upon completion by 
that member of 18 months of continuous service abroad. The 
Secretary shall order on such a leave of absence a member of 
the Service (other than a member employed under section 311) 
who is a citizen of the United States as soon as possible after 
completion by that member of 3 years of continuous service 
abroad.
  (b) Leave ordered under this section may be taken in the 
United States or its territories, including American Samoa, the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the 
Northern Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands. 
In cases in which the family members of a member of the Service 
reside apart from the member at authorized locations outside 
the United States because they are prevented by official order 
from residing with the member at post, the member may take the 
leave ordered under this section where that member's family 
members reside, notwithstanding section 6305 of title 5, United 
States Code.
  (c) While on a leave of absence ordered under this section, 
the services of any member of the Service shall be available 
for such work or duties in the Department or elsewhere as the 
Secretary may prescribe, but the time of such work or duties 
shall not be counted as leave.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


              ENERGY INDEPENDENCE AND SECURITY ACT OF 2007



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE IX--INTERNATIONAL ENERGY PROGRAMS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                  Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 931. ENERGY DIPLOMACY AND SECURITY WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

  [(a) State Department Coordinator for International Energy 
Affairs.--
          [(1) In general.--The Secretary of State should 
        ensure that energy security is integrated into the core 
        mission of the Department of State.
          [(2) Coordinator for international energy affairs.--
        There is established within the Office of the Secretary 
        of State a Coordinator for International Energy 
        Affairs, who shall be responsible for--
                  [(A) representing the Secretary of State in 
                interagency efforts to develop the 
                international energy policy of the United 
                States;
                  [(B) ensuring that analyses of the national 
                security implications of global energy and 
                environmental developments are reflected in the 
                decision making process within the Department 
                of State;
                  [(C) incorporating energy security priorities 
                into the activities of the Department of State;
                  [(D) coordinating energy activities of the 
                Department of State with relevant Federal 
                agencies; and
                  [(E) coordinating energy security and other 
                relevant functions within the Department of 
                State currently undertaken by offices within--
                          [(i) the Bureau of Economic, Energy 
                        and Business Affairs;
                          [(ii) the Bureau of Oceans and 
                        International Environmental and 
                        Scientific Affairs; and
                          [(iii) other offices within the 
                        Department of State.
          [(3) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
        necessary to carry out this subsection.
  [(b) Energy Experts in Key Embassies.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of State shall submit a report to the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives that includes--
          [(1) a description of the Department of State 
        personnel who are dedicated to energy matters and are 
        stationed at embassies and consulates in countries that 
        are major energy producers or consumers;
          [(2) an analysis of the need for Federal energy 
        specialist personnel in United States embassies and 
        other United States diplomatic missions; and
          [(3) recommendations for increasing energy expertise 
        within United States embassies among foreign service 
        officers and options for assigning to such embassies 
        energy attaches from the National Laboratories or other 
        agencies within the Department of Energy.]
  [(c)] (a) Energy Advisors.--The Secretary of Energy may make 
appropriate arrangements with the Secretary of State to assign 
personnel from the Department of Energy or the National 
Laboratories of the Department of Energy to serve as dedicated 
advisors on energy matters in embassies of the United States or 
other United States diplomatic missions.
  [(d)] (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter for the 
following 20 years, the Secretary of State shall submit a 
report to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives that describes--
          (1) the energy-related activities being conducted by 
        the Department of State, including activities within--
                  (A) the Bureau of Economic, Energy and 
                Business Affairs;
                  (B) the Bureau of Oceans and Environmental 
                and Scientific Affairs; and
                  (C) other offices within the Department of 
                State;
          (2) the amount of funds spent on each activity within 
        each office described in paragraph (1); and
          (3) the number and qualification of personnel in each 
        embassy (or relevant foreign posting) of the United 
        States whose work is dedicated exclusively to energy 
        matters.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


             SECTION 1 OF THE PASSPORT ACT OF JUNE 4, 1920

                      fees for passports and vises

  Section 1. (a) There shall be collected and paid into the 
Treasury of the United States a fee, prescribed by the 
Secretary of State by regulation, for the filing of each 
application for a passport (including the cost of passport 
issuance and use) and a fee, prescribed by the Secretary of 
State by regulation, for executing each such application; 
except that the Secretary of State may by regulation authorize 
State officials or the United States Postal Service to collect 
and retain the execution fee for each application for a 
passport accepted by such officials or by that Service., Such 
fees shall not be refundable, except as the Secretary may by 
regulation prescribe. No passport fee shall be collected from 
an officer or employee of the United States proceeding abroad 
in the discharge of official duties, or from members of his 
immediate family; from an American seaman who requires a 
passport in connection with his duties aboard an American-flag 
vessel; from a widow, widower, child, parent, grandparent, 
brother, or sister of a deceased member of the Armed Forces 
proceeding abroad to visit the grave of such member or to 
attend a funeral or memorial service for such member; or from 
an individual or individuals abroad, returning to the United 
States, when the Secretary determines that foregoing the 
collection of such fee is justified for humanitarian reasons or 
for law enforcement purposes. No execution fee shall be 
collected for an application made before a Federal official by 
a person excused from payment of the passport fee under this 
section.
  (b)(1) The Secretary of State may by regulation establish and 
collect a surcharge on applicable fees for the filing of each 
application for a passport in order to cover the costs of 
meeting the increased demand for passports as a result of 
actions taken to comply with section 7209(b) of the 
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 
(Public Law 108-458; 8 U.S.C. 1185 note). Such surcharge shall 
be in addition to the fees provided for in subsection (a) and 
in addition to the surcharges or fees otherwise authorized by 
law and shall be deposited in the Consular and Border Security 
Programs account, to remain available until expended for the 
purposes of meeting such costs.
  (2) The authority to collect the surcharge provided under 
paragraph (1) may [not be exercised after September 30, 2017.] 
be exercised beginning on the date of the enactment of the 
Department of State Authorization Act of 2019. 
  (3) The Secretary of State shall ensure that, to the extent 
practicable, the total cost of a passport application during 
fiscal years 2006 and 2007, including the surcharge authorized 
under paragraph (1), shall not exceed the cost of the passport 
application as of December 1, 2005.
                              ----------                              


                   FISHERMEN'S PROTECTIVE ACT OF 1967



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
  Sec. 7. (a) The Secretary, upon receipt of an application 
filed with him at any time after the effective date of this 
section by the owner of any vessel of the United States which 
is documented or certificated as a commercial fishing vessel, 
shall enter into an agreement with such owner subject to the 
provisions of this section and such other terms and conditions 
as the Secretary deems appropriate. Such agreement shall 
provide that, if said vessel is seized by a foreign country and 
detained under the conditions of section 2 of this Act, the 
Secretary shall guarantee--
          (1) the owner of such vessel for all actual costs, 
        except those covered by section 3 of this Act, incurred 
        by the owner during the seizure and detention period 
        and as a direct result thereof, as determined by the 
        Secretary, resulting (A) from any damage to, or 
        destruction of, such vessel, or its fishing gear or 
        other equipment, (B) from the loss or confiscation of 
        such vessel, gear, or equipment, or (C) from dockage 
        fees or utilities;
          (2) the owner of such vessel and its crew for the 
        market value of fish caught before seizure of such 
        vessel and confiscated or spoiled during the period of 
        detention; and
          (3) the owner of such vessel and its crew for not to 
        exceed 50 per centum of the gross income lost as a 
        direct result of such seizure and detention, as 
        determined by the Secretary of State, based on the 
        value of the average catch per day's fishing during the 
        three must recent calendar years immediately preceding 
        such seizure and detention of the vessel seized, or, if 
        such experience is not available, then of all 
        commercial fishing vessels of the United States engaged 
        in the same fishery as that of the type and size of the 
        seized vessel.
  (b) Payments made by the Secretary under paragraphs (2) and 
(3) of subsection (a) of this section shall be distributed by 
the Secretary in accordance with the usual practices and 
procedures of the particular segment of the United States 
commercial fishing industry to which the seized vessel belongs 
relative to the sale of fish caught and the distribution of the 
proceeds of such sale.
  (c) The Secretary shall from time to time establish by 
regulation fees which shall be paid by the owners of vessels 
entering into agreements under this section. Such fees shall be 
adequate (1) to recover the costs of administering this 
section, and (2) to cover a reasonable portion of any payments 
made by the Secretary under this section. All fees collected by 
the Secretary shall be credited to a separate account 
established in the Treasury of the United States which shall 
remain available without fiscal year limitation to carry out 
the provisions of this section. Those fees not currently needed 
for payments under this section shall be kept on deposit or 
invested in obligations of, or guaranteed by, the United States 
and all revenues accruing from such deposits or investments 
shall be credited to such separate account. If a transfer of 
funds is made to the separate account under section 5(b)(2) 
with respect to an unpaid claim and such claim is later paid, 
the amount so paid shall be covered into the Treasury as 
miscellaneous receipts. All payments under this section shall 
be made first out of such fees so long as they are available, 
and thereafter out of funds which are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to such account to carry out the provisions of 
this section.
  (d) All determinations made under this section shall be 
final. No payment under this section shall be made with respect 
to any losses covered by any policy of insurance or other 
provision of law.
  [(e) The provisions of this section shall be effective until 
October 1, 2018, except that payments may be made under this 
section only to such extent and in such amounts as are provided 
in advance in appropriation Acts.]
  (e) Amounts.--Payments may be made under this section only to 
such extent and in such amounts as are provided in advance in 
appropriation Acts.
  (f) For the purposes of this section--
          (1) the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        State.
          (2) the term ``owner'' includes any charterer of a 
        commercial fishing vessel.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


 SECTION 570 OF THE FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED 
                   PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 1997

                          (Public Law 104-208)

SEC. 570. POLICY TOWARD BURMA.

  (a) Until such time as the President determines and certifies 
to Congress that Burma has made measurable and substantial 
progress in improving human rights practices and implementing 
democratic government, the following sanctions shall be imposed 
on Burma:
          (1) Bilateral assistance.--There shall be no United 
        States assistance to the Government of Burma, other 
        than:
                  (A) humanitarian assistance,
                  (B) subject to the regular notification 
                procedures of the Committees on Appropriations, 
                counter-narcotics assistance under chapter 8 of 
                part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 
                or crop substitution assistance, if the 
                Secretary of State certifies to the appropriate 
                congressional committees that--
                          (i) the Government of Burma is fully 
                        cooperating with United States counter-
                        narcotics efforts, and
                          (ii) the programs are fully 
                        consistent with United States human 
                        rights concerns in Burma and serve the 
                        United States national interest, and
                  (C) assistance promoting human rights and 
                democratic values.
          (2) Multilateral assistance.--The Secretary of the 
        Treasury shall instruct the United States executive 
        director of each international financial institution to 
        vote against any loan or other utilization of funds of 
        the respective bank to or for Burma.
          (3) Visas.--Except as required by treaty obligations 
        or to staff the Burmese mission to the United States, 
        the United States should not grant entry visas to any 
        Burmese government official.
  (b) Conditional Sanctions.--The President is hereby 
authorized to prohibit, and shall prohibit United States 
persons from new investment in Burma, if the President 
determines and certifies to Congress that, after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Government of Burma has physically 
harmed, rearrested for politi- cal acts, or exiled Daw Aung San 
Suu Kyi or has committed large- scale repression of or violence 
against the Democratic opposition.
  [(c) Multilateral Strategy.--The President shall seek to 
develop, in coordination with members of ASEAN and other 
countries having major trading and investment interests in 
Burma, a comprehensive, multilateral strategy to bring 
democracy to and improve human rights practices and the quality 
of life in Burma, including the development of a dialogue 
between the State Law and Ordcr Restoration Council (SLORC) and 
democratic opposition groups within Burma.]
  (c) Multilateral Strategy.--The President shall develop, in 
coordination with members of ASEAN and other likeminded 
countries, a comprehensive, multilateral strategy to bring 
about further democratic consolidation in Burma and improve 
human rights practices and the quality of life in Burma, 
including the development of a dialogue leading to genuine 
national reconciliation.
  (d) Presidential Reports.--Every [six months] year following 
the enactment of this Act, the President shall report to the 
Chairmen of the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee 
on International Relations and the House and Senate 
Appropriations Committees on the following:
          (1) progress toward democratization in Burma;
          (2) progress on improving the quality of life of the 
        Burmese people, including progress on market reforms, 
        living standards, labor standards, use of forced labor 
        in the tourism industry, and environmental quality; and
          (3) improvements in human rights practices;
          (4) progress toward broad-based and inclusive 
        economic growth;
          (5) progress toward genuine national reconciliation;
          (6) progress on improving the quality of life of the 
        Burmese people, including progress relating to market 
        reforms, living standards, labor standards, use of 
        forced labor in the tourism industry, and environmental 
        quality; and
          [(3)] (7) progress made in developing the strategy 
        referred to in subsection (c).
  (e) Waiver Authority.--The President shall have the authority 
to waive, temporarily or permanently, any sanction referred to 
in subsection (a) or subsection (b) if he determines and 
certifies to Congress that the application of such sanction 
would be contrary to the national security interests of the 
United States.
  (f) Definitions.--
          (1) The term ``international financial institutions'' 
        shall include the International Bank for Reconstruction 
        and Development, the International Development 
        Association, the International Finance Corporation, the 
        Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, the Asian 
        Development Bank, and the International Monetary Fund.
          (2) The term ``new investment'' shall mean any of the 
        following activities if such an activity is undertaken 
        pursuant to an agreement, or pursuant to the exercise 
        of rights under such an agreement, that is entered into 
        with the Government of Burma or a nongovernmental 
        entity in Burma, on or after the date of the 
        certification under subsection (b):
                  (A) the entry into a contract that includes 
                the economical development of resources located 
                in Burma, or the entry into a contract 
                providing for the general supervision and 
                guarantee of another person's performance of 
                such a contGct;
                  (B) the purchase of a share of ownership, 
                including an equity interest, in that 
                development;
                  (C) the entry into a contract providing for 
                the participa- tion in royalties, earnings, or 
                profits in that development, without regard to 
                the form of the participation:
        Provided, That the term ``new investment'' does not 
        include the entry into, performance of, or financing of 
        a contract to sell or purchase goods, services, or 
        technology.
                              ----------                              


                           PUBLIC LAW 101-246

 AN ACT To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1990 and 1991 for 
            the Department of State, and for other purposes.



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE IV--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND COMMISSIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 406. ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON VOTING PRACTICES AT THE UNITED 
                    NATIONS.

  [(a) In General.--Not later than March 31 of each year, the 
Secretary of State shall transmit to the Speaker of the House 
of Representatives and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate a full and complete annual report which 
assesses for the preceding calendar year, with respect to each 
foreign country member of the United Nations, the voting 
practices of the governments of such countries at the United 
Nations, and which evaluates General Assembly and Security 
Council actions and the responsiveness of those governments to 
United States policy on issues of special importance to the 
United States.
  [(b) Information on Voting Practices in the United Nations.--
Such report shall include, with respect to voting practices and 
plenary actions in the United Nations during the preceding 
calendar year, information to be compiled and supplied by the 
Permanent Representative of the United States to the United 
Nations, consisting of--
          [(1) an analysis and discussion, prepared in 
        consultation with the Secretary of State, of the extent 
        to which member countries supported United States 
        policy objectives at the United Nations;
          [(2) an analysis and discussion, prepared in 
        consultation with the Secretary of State, of actions 
        taken by the United Nations by consensus;
          [(3) with respect to plenary votes of the United 
        Nations General Assembly--
                  [(A) a listing of all such votes on issues 
                which directly affected important United States 
                interests and on which the United States 
                lobbied extensively and a brief description of 
                the issues involved in each such vote;
                  [(B) a listing of the votes described in 
                subparagraph (A) which provides a comparison of 
                the vote cast by each member country with the 
                vote cast by the United States;
                  [(C) a country-by-country listing of votes 
                described in subparagraph (A); and
                  [(D) a listing of votes described in 
                subparagraph (A) displayed in terms of United 
                Nations regional caucus groups;
          [(4) a listing of all plenary votes cast by member 
        countries of the United Nations in the General Assembly 
        which provides a comparison of the votes cast by each 
        member country with the vote cast by the United States, 
        including a separate listing of all plenary votes cast 
        by member countries of the United Nations in the 
        General Assembly on resolutions specifically related to 
        Israel that are opposed by the United States;
          [(5) an analysis and discussion, prepared in 
        consultation with the Secretary of State, of the extent 
        to which other members supported United States policy 
        objectives in the Security Council and a separate 
        listing of all Security Council votes of each member 
        country in comparison with the United States; and
          [(6) a side-by-side comparison of agreement on 
        important and overall votes for each member country and 
        the United States.
  [(c) Format.--Information required pursuant to subsection 
(b)(3) shall also be submitted, together with an explanation of 
the statistical methodology, in a format identical to that 
contained in chapter II of the Report to Congress on Voting 
Practices in the United Nations, dated March 14, 1988.
  [(d) Statement by the Secretary of State.--Each report under 
subsection (a) shall contain a statement by the Secretary of 
State discussing the measures which have been taken to inform 
United States diplomatic missions of United Nations General 
Assembly and Security Council activities.
  [(e) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--The following 
provisions of law are repealed:
          [(1) The second undesignated paragraph of section 
        101(b)(l) of the Foreign Assistance and Related 
        Programs Appropriations Act, 1984 (Public Law 98-151; 
        97 Stat. 967).
          [(2) Section 529 of the Foreign Assistance and 
        Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1986, as enacted 
        by Public Law 99-190 (99 Stat. 1307).
          [(3) Section 528 of the Foreign Assistance and 
        Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1987, as enacted 
        by Public Law 99-500 (100 Stat. 1783) and Public Law 
        99-591 (100 Stat. 3341).
          [(4) Section 528 of the Foreign Operations, Export 
        Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
        1988, as enacted by Public Law 100-202 (101 Stat. 
        1329).
          [(5) Section 527 of the Foreign Operations, Export 
        Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
        1989, as enacted by Public Law 100-461.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


           TITLE VIII--PLO COMMITMENTS COMPLIANCE ACT OF 1989

SEC. 801. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``PLO Commitments Compliance 
Act of 1989''.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 804. REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

  (a) Report on Armed Incursions.--In the event that talks are 
held with the PLO after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State, shall, within 30 days after the next round 
of such talks, report to the Chairman of the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives any accounting provided by the representative 
of the PLO of the incidents described in section 803(c).
  [(b) Report on Compliance with Commitments.--In conjunction 
with each written policy justification required under section 
604(b)(1) of the Middle East Peace Facilitation Act of 1995 or 
every 180 days,, the President shall submit to the Speaker of 
the House of Representatives and the chairman of the Committee 
on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report, in unclassified 
form to the maximum extent practicable, regarding progress 
toward the achievement of the measures described in section 
803(b). Such report shall include--
          [(1) a description of actions or statements by the 
        PLO as an organization, its Chairman, members of its 
        Executive Committee, members of the Palestine National 
        Council, or any constituent groups related thereto, as 
        they relate to the Geneva commitments of December 1988 
        and each of the commitments described in section 584(a) 
        of the Middle East Peace Facilitation Act of 1994 (Oslo 
        commitments), including actions or statements that 
        contend that the declared ``Palestinian state'' 
        encompasses all of Israel;
          [(2) a description of the steps, if any, taken by the 
        PLO to evict or otherwise discipline individuals or 
        groups taking actions inconsistent with the Geneva and 
        Oslo commitments;
          [(3) a statement of whether the PLO, in accordance 
        with procedures in Article 33 of the Palestinian 
        National Covenant, has repealed provisions in that 
        Covenant which call for Israel's destruction;
          [(4) a statement of whether the PLO has repudiated 
        its ``strategy of stages'' whereby it seeks to use a 
        Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza as the 
        first step in the total elimination of the state of 
        Israel;
          [(5) a statement of whether the PLO has called on any 
        Arab state to recognize and enter direct negotiations 
        with Israel or to end its economic boycott of Israel;
          [(6) a statement of whether ``Force 17'' and the 
        ``Hawari Group'', units directed by Yasser Arafat that 
        have carried out terrorist attacks, have been disbanded 
        and not reconstituted under different names;
          [(7) a statement of whether the following PLO 
        constituent groups conduct or participate in terrorist 
        or other violent activities: the Fatah; the Popular 
        Front for the Liberation of Palestine; the Democratic 
        Front for the Liberation of Palestine; the Arab 
        Liberation Front; the Palestine Liberation Front;
          [(8) a statement of the PLO's position on the unrest 
        in the West Bank and Gaza, and whether the PLO 
        threatens, through violence or other intimidation 
        measures, Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza who 
        advocate a cessation of or who do not support the 
        unrest, and who might be receptive to taking part in 
        elections there;
          [(9) a statement of the position of the PLO regarding 
        the prosecution and extradition, if so requested, of 
        known terrorists such as Abu Abbas, who directed the 
        Achille Lauro hijacking during which Leon Klinghoffer 
        was murdered, and Muhammed Rashid, implicated in the 
        1982 bombing of a PanAm jet and the 1986 bombing of a 
        TWA jet in which four Americans were killed;
          [(10) a statement of the position of the PLO on 
        providing compensation to the American victims or the 
        families-of American victims of PLO terrorism; and
          [(11) measures taken by the PLO to prevent acts of 
        terrorism, crime and hostilities and to legally punish 
        offenders, as called for in the Gaza-Jericho agreement 
        of May 4, 1994.
          [(11) a statement on the effectiveness of end-use 
        monitoring of international or United States aid being 
        provided to the Palestinian Authority, Palestinian 
        Liberation Organization, or the Palestinian Legislative 
        Council, or to any other agent or instrumentality of 
        the Palestinian Authority, on Palestinian efforts to 
        comply with international accounting standards and on 
        enforcement of anti-corruption measures; and
          [(12) a statement on compliance by the Palestinian 
        Authority with the democratic reforms, with specific 
        details regarding the separation of powers called for 
        between the executive and Legislative Council, the 
        status of legislation passed by the Legislative Council 
        and sent to the executive, the support of the executive 
        for local and municipal elections, the status of 
        freedom of the press, and of the ability of the press 
        to broadcast debate from within the Legislative Council 
        and about the activities of the Legislative Council.]
  (c) Report on Policies of Arab States.--Not more than 30 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State 
shall prepare and submit to the Congress a report concerning 
the policies of Arab states toward the Middle East peace 
process, including progress toward--
          (1) public recognition of Israel's right to exist in 
        peace and security;
          (2) ending the Arab economic boycott of Israel; and
          (3) ending efforts to expel Israel from international 
        organizations or denying participation in the 
        activities of such organizations.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                     JERUSALEM EMBASSY ACT OF 1995

(Public Law 104-45)

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 6. SEMIANNUAL REPORTS.

  [At the time of the submission of the President's fiscal year 
1997 budget request, and every six months thereafter, the 
Secretary of State shall report to the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate on the progress made toward opening the United States 
Embassy in Jerusalem.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                           PUBLIC LAW 96-465

     AN ACT To promote the foreign policy of the United States by 
 strengthening and improving the Foreign Service of the United States, 
                        and for other purposes.



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE I--THE FOREIGN SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 7--Career Development, Training, and Orientation

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 702. Foreign Language Requirements.--(a) The Secretary 
shall establish foreign language proficiency requirements for 
members of the Service who are to be assigned abroad in order 
that Foreign Service posts abroad will be staffed by 
individuals having a useful knowledge of the language or 
dialect common to the country in which the post is located.
  (b) The Secretary of State shall arrange for appropriate 
language training of members of the Service by the institution 
or otherwise in order to assist in meeting the requirements 
established under subsection (a).
  [(c) Not later than January 31 of each year, the Director 
General of the Foreign Service shall submit a report to the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee 
on International Relations of the House of Representatives 
summarizing the number of positions in each overseas mission 
requiring foreign language competence that--
          [(1) became vacant during the previous fiscal year; 
        and
          [(2) were filled by individuals having the required 
        foreign language competence.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


         DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES ACT, FISCAL YEAR 2017



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE I--EMBASSY SECURITY AND PERSONNEL PROTECTION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle B--Physical Security and Personnel Requirements

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 118. [ANNUAL REPORT ON EMBASSY CONSTRUCTION COSTS]  BIANNUAL 
                    REPORT ON OVERSEAS CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS.

  [(a) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, the 
Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a comprehensive report 
regarding all ongoing embassy construction projects and major 
embassy security upgrade projects.
  [(b) Contents.--Each report required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following with respect to each ongoing 
embassy construction projects and major embassy security 
upgrade projects:
          [(1) The initial cost estimate.
          [(2) The amount expended on the project to date.
          [(3) The projected timeline for completing the 
        project.
          [(4) Any cost overruns incurred by the project.]
  (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this subsection and every 180 days thereafter 
until the date that is four years after such date of enactment, 
the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a comprehensive report regarding all ongoing 
overseas capital construction projects and major embassy 
security upgrade projects.
  (b) Contents.--Each report required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following with respect to each ongoing 
overseas capital construction project and major embassy 
security upgrade project:
          (1) The initial cost estimate as specified in the 
        proposed allocation of capital construction and 
        maintenance funds required by the Committees on 
        Appropriations for Acts making appropriations for the 
        Department of State, foreign operations, and related 
        programs.
          (2) The current cost estimate.
          (3) The value of each request for equitable 
        adjustment received by the Department to date.
          (4) The value of each certified claim received by the 
        Department to date.
          (5) The value of any usage of the project's 
        contingency fund to date and the value of the remainder 
        of the project's contingency fund.
          (6) An enumerated list of each request for adjustment 
        and certified claim that remains outstanding or 
        unresolved.
          (7) An enumerated list of each request for equitable 
        adjustment and certified claim that has been fully 
        adjudicated or that the Department has settled, and the 
        final dollar amount of each adjudication or settlement.
          (8) The date of estimated completion specified in the 
        proposed allocation of capital construction and 
        maintenance funds required by the Committees on 
        Appropriations not later than 45 days after the date of 
        the enactment of an Act making appropriations for the 
        Department of State, foreign operations, and related 
        programs.
          (9) The current date of estimated completion.
  (c) Initial Report.--The first report required under 
subsection (a) shall include an annex regarding all embassy 
construction projects and major embassy security upgrade 
projects completed during the 10-year period ending on the date 
of the enactment of this Act, including, for each such project, 
the following:
          (1) The initial cost estimate.
          (2) The amount actually expended on the project.
          (3) Any additional time required to complete the 
        project beyond the initial timeline.
          (4) Any cost overruns incurred by the project.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


       OMNIBUS DIPLOMATIC SECURITY AND ANTITERRORISM ACT OF 1986



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
               TITLE III--PERFORMANCE AND ACCOUNTABILITY

SEC. 301. ACCOUNTABILITY REVIEW BOARDS.

  (a) In General.--
          (1) Convening a board.--Except as provided in 
        paragraphs (2) and (3), in any case of serious injury, 
        loss of life, or significant destruction of property 
        at, or related to, a United States Government mission 
        abroad, and in any case of a serious breach of security 
        involving intelligence activities of a foreign 
        government directed at a United States Government 
        mission abroad, which is covered by the provisions of 
        titles I through IV (other than a facility or 
        installation subject to the control of a United States 
        area military commander), the Secretary of State shall 
        convene an Accountability Review Board (in this title 
        referred to as the ``Board''). The Secretary shall not 
        convene a Board where the Secretary determines that a 
        case clearly involves only causes unrelated to 
        security.
          (2) Department of defense facilities and personnel.--
        - The Secretary of State is not required to convene a 
        Board in the case of an incident described in paragraph 
        (1) that involves any facility, installation, or 
        personnel of the Department of Defense with respect to 
        which the Secretary has delegated operational control 
        of overseas security functions to the Secretary of 
        Defense pursuant to section 106 of this Act. In any 
        such case, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
        appropriate inquiry. The Secretary of Defense shall 
        report the findings and recommendations of such 
        inquiry, and the action taken with respect to such 
        recommendations, to the Secretary of State and 
        Congress.
          (3) Facilities in [afghanistan and] afghanistan, 
        Yemen, Syria, and iraq.--
                  (A) Limited exemptions from requirement to 
                convene board.--The Secretary of State is not 
                required to convene a Board in the case of an 
                incident that--
                          (i) involves serious injury, loss of 
                        life, or significant destruction of 
                        property at, or related to, a United 
                        States Government mission in 
                        [Afghanistan or] Afghanistan, Yemen, 
                        Syria, or Iraq; and
                          (ii) occurs during the period 
                        [beginning on October 1, 2005, and 
                        ending on September 30, 2009] beginning 
                        on October 1, 2019, and ending on 
                        September 30, 2022.
                  (B) Reporting requirements.--In the case of 
                an incident described in subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary shall--
                          (i) promptly notify the Committee on 
                        International Relations of the House of 
                        Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Foreign Relations of the Senate of the 
                        incident;
                          (ii) conduct an inquiry of the 
                        incident; and
                          (iii) upon completion of the inquiry 
                        required by clause (ii), submit to each 
                        such Committee a report on the findings 
                        and recommendations related to such 
                        inquiry and the actions taken with 
                        respect to such recommendations.
  (b) Deadlines for Convening Boards.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        the Secretary of State shall convene a Board not later 
        than 60 days after the occurrence of an incident 
        described in subsection (a)(1), except that such 60-day 
        period may be extended for one additional 60-day period 
        if the Secretary determines that the additional period 
        is necessary for the convening of the Board.
          (2) Delay in cases involving intelligence 
        activities.--With respect to breaches of security 
        involving intelligence activities, the Secretary of 
        State may delay the establishment of a Board if, after 
        consultation with the chairman of the Select Committee 
        on Intelligence of the Senate and the chairman of the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House 
        of Representatives, the Secretary determines that the 
        establishment of a Board would compromise intelligence 
        sources or methods. The Secretary shall promptly advise 
        the chairmen of such committees of each determination 
        pursuant to this paragraph to delay the establishment 
        of a Board.
  (c) Notification to Congress.--Whenever the Secretary of 
State convenes a Board, the Secretary shall promptly inform the 
chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
and the Speaker of the House of Representatives--
          (1) that a Board has been convened;
          (2) of the membership of the Board; and
          (3) of other appropriate information about the Board.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE IV--DIPLOMATIC SECURITY PROGRAM

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 402. DIPLOMATIC CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM.

  (a) Preference for United States Contractors.--
Notwithstanding section 11 of the Foreign Service Buildings 
Act, 1926, and where adequate competition exists, only United 
States persons and qualified United States joint venture 
persons may--
          (1) bid on a diplomatic construction or design 
        project which has an estimated total project value 
        exceeding $10,000,000; and
          (2) bid on a diplomatic construction or design 
        project which involves technical security, unless the 
        project involves low-level technology, as determined by 
        the Secretary of State.
  (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply with respect 
to any diplomatic construction or design project in a foreign 
country whose statutes prohibit the use of United States 
contractors on such projects. The exception contained in this 
subsection shall only become effective with respect to a 
foreign country 30 days after the Secretary of State certifies 
to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate what specific actions he has taken 
to urge such foreign country to permit the use of United States 
contractors on such projects, and what actions he shall take 
with respect to that country as authorized by title I1 of the 
State Department Basic Authorities Act cf 1956 (22 U.S.C. 4301 
et seq.; commonly referred to as the ``Foreign Missions Act'').
  (c) Definitions.--For the purposes of this section--
          (1) the term ``adequate competition'' means with 
        respect to a construction or design project, the 
        presence of two or more qualified bidders submitting 
        responsive bids for that project;
          (2) the term ``United States person'' means a person 
        which--
                  (A) is incorporated or legally organized 
                under the laws of the United States, including 
                State, the District of Columbia, and local 
                laws;
                  (B) has its principal place of business in 
                the United States;
                  (C) has been incorporated or legally 
                organized in the United States--
                          (i) for more than 5 years before the 
                        issuance date of the invitation for 
                        bids or request for proposals with 
                        respect to a construction project under 
                        subsection (a)(l); and
                          (ii) for more than 2 years before the 
                        issuance date of the invitation for 
                        bids or request for proposals with 
                        respect to a construction or design 
                        project which involves physical or 
                        technical security under subsection 
                        (a)(2);
                  (D) has performed within the United States or 
                at a United States diplomatic or consular 
                establishment abroad administrative and 
                technical, professional, or construction 
                services similar in complexity, type of 
                construction, and value to the project being 
                bid;
                  (E) with respect to a construction project 
                under subsection (a)(l), has achieved total 
                business volume equal to or greater than the 
                value of the project being bid [in 3 years] 
                cumulatively over 3 years of the 5-year period 
                before the date specified in subparagraph 
                (C)(i);
                  (F)(i) employs United States citizens in at 
                least 80 percent of its principal management 
                positions in the United States,
                          (ii) employs United States citizens 
                        in more than half of its permanent, 
                        full-time positions in the United 
                        States, and
                          (iii) will employ United States 
                        citizens in at least 80 percent of the 
                        supervisory positions on the foreign 
                        buildings office project site; and
                  (G) has the existing technical and financial 
                resources in the United States to perform the 
                contract; and
          (3) the term ``qualified United States joint venture 
        person'' means a joint venture in which a United States 
        person or persons owns at least 51 percent of the 
        assets of the joint venture.
  (d) American Minority Contractors.--Not less than 10 percent 
of the amount appropriated pursuant to section 401(a) for 
diplomatic construction or design projects each fiscal year 
shall be allocated to the extent practicable for contracts with 
American minority contractors.
  (e) American Small Business Contractors.--Not less than 10 
percent of the amount appropriated pursuant to section 401(a) 
for diplomatic construction or design projects each fiscal year 
shall be allocated to the extent practicable for contracts with 
American small business contractors.
  (f) Limitation on Subcontracting.--With respect to a 
diplomatic construction project, a prime contractor may not 
subcontract more than 50 percent of the total value of its 
contract for that project.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


  SECTION 504 OF THE FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEAR 
                                  1979

SEC. 504. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE.

  (a)(1) In order to implement the policies set forth in 
section 502 of this title, the Secretary of State (hereafter in 
this section referred to as the ``Secretary'') shall have 
primary responsibility for coordination and oversight with 
respect to all major science or science and technology 
agreements and activities between the United States and foreign 
countries, international organizations, or commissions of which 
the United States and one or more foreign countries are 
members.
  (2) In coordinating and overseeing such agreements and 
activities, the Secretary shall consider (A) scientific merit; 
(B) equity of access as described in section 503(b); (C) 
possible commercial or trade linkages with the United States 
which may flow from the agreement or activity; (D) national 
security concerns; and (E) any other factors deemed 
appropriate.
  (3) Prior to entering into negotiations on such an agreement 
or activity, the Secretary shall provide Federal agencies which 
have primary responsibility for, or substantial interest in, 
the subject matter of the agreement or activity, including 
those agencies responsible for--
          (A) Federal technology management policies set forth 
        by Public Law 96-517 and the Stevenson-Wydler 
        Technology Innovation Act of 1980;
          (B) national security policies;
          (C) United States trade policies; and
          (D) relevant Executive orders,
with an opportunity to review the proposed agreement or 
activity to ensure its consistency with such policies and 
Executive orders, and to ensure effective interagency 
coordination.
  (b) The Secretary shall. to such extent or in such amounts as 
are provided in appropriation Acts, enter into long-term 
contracts, including contracts for the services of consultants, 
and shall make grants and take other appropriate measures in 
order to obtain studies, analyses, and recommendations from 
knowledgeable persons and organizations with respect to the 
application of science or technology to problems of foreign 
policy.
  (c) The secretary shall, to such extent or in such amounts as 
are provided in appropriation acts, enter into short-term and 
long-term contracts, including contracts for the services of 
consultants, and shall make grants and take other appropriate 
measures in order to obtain assistance from knowledgeable 
persons and organizations in training officers and employees of 
the united states government, at all levels of the foreign 
service and civil service--
          (1) in the application of science and technology to 
        problems of United States foreign policy and 
        international relations generally; and
          (2) in the skills of long-range planlling and 
        analysis with respect to the scientific and 
        technological aspects of United States foreign policy.
  (d) In obtaining assistance pursuant to subsection (c) in 
training personnel who are officers or employees of the 
Department of State, the Secretary may provide for detached 
service for graduate study at accredited colleges and 
universities.
  (e) Grants and Cooperative Agreements Related to Science and 
Technology Fellowship Programs.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to make 
        grants or enter into cooperative agreements related to 
        Department of State science and technology fellowship 
        programs, including for assistance in recruiting 
        fellows and the payment of stipends, travel, and other 
        appropriate expenses to fellows.
          (2) Exclusion from consideration as compensation.--
        Stipends under paragraph (1) shall not be considered 
        compensation for purposes of section 209 of title 18, 
        United States Code.
          (3) Maximum annual amount.--The total amount of 
        grants made pursuant to this subsection may not exceed 
        $500,000 in any fiscal year.
                              ----------                              


                      TITLE 5, UNITED STATES CODE



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
PART III--EMPLOYEES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBPART E--ATTENDANCE AND LEAVE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                           CHAPTER 63--LEAVE

                   SUBCHAPTER I--ANNUAL AND SICK LEAVE

Sec.
6301. Definitions.
     * * * * * * *

                     SUBCHAPTER II--OTHER PAID LEAVE

     * * * * * * *
6329c. Weather and safety leave.
6329d. Rest and recuperation leave.
6329e. Overseas operations leave.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBCHAPTER II--OTHER PAID LEAVE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 6329d. Rest and recuperation leave

  (a) Definitions.--In this section--
          (1) the term ``agency'' means an Executive agency (as 
        that term is defined in section 105), but does not 
        include the Government Accountability Office;
          (2) the term ``combat zone'' means a geographic area 
        designated by an Executive Order of the President as an 
        area in which the Armed Forces are engaging or have 
        engaged in combat, an area designated by law to be 
        treated as a combat zone, or a location the Department 
        of Defense has certified for combat zone tax benefits 
        due to its direct support of military operations;
          (3) the term ``employee'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 6301;
          (4) the term ``high risk, high threat post'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 104 of the Omnibus 
        Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 
        U.S.C. 4803); and
          (5) the term ``leave year'' means the period 
        beginning on the first day of the first complete pay 
        period in a calendar year and ending on the day 
        immediately before the first day of the first complete 
        pay period in the following calendar year.
  (b) Leave for Rest and Recuperation.--The head of an agency 
may prescribe regulations to grant up to 20 days of paid leave, 
per leave year, for the purposes of rest and recuperation to an 
employee of the agency serving in a combat zone, any other high 
risk, high threat post, or any other location presenting 
significant security or operational challenges.
  (c) Discretionary Authority of Agency Head.--Use of the 
authority under subsection (b) is at the sole and exclusive 
discretion of the head of the agency concerned.
  (d) Records.--An agency shall record leave provided under 
this section separately from leave authorized under any other 
provision of law.

Sec. 6329e. Overseas operations leave

  (a) Definitions.--In this section--
          (1) the term ``agency'' means an Executive agency (as 
        that term is defined in section 105), but does not 
        include the Government Accountability Office;
          (2) the term ``employee'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 6301; and
          (3) the term ``leave year'' means the period 
        beginning with the first day of the first complete pay 
        period in a calendar year and ending with the day 
        immediately before the first day of the first complete 
        pay period in the following calendar year.
  (b) Leave for Overseas Operations.--The head of an agency may 
prescribe regulations to grant up to 10 days of paid leave, per 
leave year, to an employee of the agency serving abroad where 
the conduct of business could pose potential security or safety 
related risks or would be inconsistent with host-country 
practice. Such regulations may provide that additional leave 
days may be granted during such leave year if the head of the 
agency determines that to do so is necessary to advance the 
national security or foreign policy interests of the United 
States.
  (c) Discretionary Authority of Agency Head.--Use of the 
authority under subsection (b) is at the sole and exclusive 
discretion of the head of the agency concerned.
  (d) Records.--An agency shall record leave provided under 
this section separately from leave authorized under any other 
provision of law.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                        SUBPART I--MISCELLANEOUS

     * * * * * * *

CHAPTER 103--NOTICE OF EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR DEPARTMENT OF STATE 
                           AND USAID POSITIONS

                                      10301. Notice of employment 
                                      opportunities for Department of 
                                      State and USAID positions.
10302. Consulting services for the Department of State.

Sec. 10301. Notice of Employment Opportunities for Department of State 
                    and USAID positions

  To ensure that individuals who have separated from the 
Department of State or the United States Agency for 
International Development and who are eligible for 
reappointment are aware of such opportunities, the Department 
of State and the United States Agency for International 
Development shall publicize notice of all employment 
opportunities, including positions for which the relevant 
agency is accepting applications from individuals within the 
agency's workforce under merit promotion procedures, on 
publicly accessible sites, including www.usajobs.gov. If using 
merit promotion procedures, the notice shall expressly state 
that former employees eligible for reinstatement may apply.

Sec. 10302. Consulting services for the Department of State

  Any consulting service obtained by the Department of State 
through procurement contract pursuant to section 3109 of title 
5, United States Code, shall be limited to those contracts with 
respect to which expenditures are a matter of public record and 
available for public inspection, except if otherwise provided 
under existing law, or under existing executive order issued 
pursuant to existing law.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                 SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2009



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
                                TITLE XI

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                     TECHNICAL AND OTHER PROVISIONS

  Sec. 1115. (a) Modification.--Title III of division H of 
Public Law 111-8 is amended under the heading ``Economic 
Support Fund'' in the second proviso by striking ``up to 
$20,000,000'' and inserting ``not less than $20,000,000''.
  (b) Notification Requirement.--Funds appropriated by this Act 
that are transferred to the Department of State or the United 
States Agency for International Development from any other 
Federal department or agency shall be subject to the regular 
notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations, 
notwithstanding any other provision of law.
  (c) Reemployment of Annuitants.--
          (1) Section 824 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 
        (22 U.S.C. 4064) is amended in subsection (g)(1) by 
        inserting ``, Pakistan,'' after ``Iraq'' each place it 
        appears; and, in subsection (g)(2) by striking ``2009'' 
        and inserting instead ``2010''.
          (2) Section 61 of the State Department Basic 
        Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2733) is amended in 
        subsection (a)(1) by adding ``, Pakistan,'' after 
        ``Iraq'' each place it appears; and, in subsection 
        (a)(2) by striking ``2008'' and inserting instead 
        ``2010''.
          (3) Section 625 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
        (22 U.S.C. 2385) is amended in subsection (j)(1)(A) by 
        adding ``, Pakistan,'' after ``Iraq'' each place it 
        appears; and, in subsection (j)(1)(B) by striking 
        ``2008'' and inserting instead ``2010''.
  (d) Incentives for Critical Posts.--Notwithstanding sections 
5753(a)(2)(A) and 5754(a)(2)(A) of title 5, United States Code, 
appropriations made available by this or any other Act may be 
used to pay recruitment, relocation, and retention bonuses 
under chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code to members of 
the Foreign Service, other than chiefs of mission and 
ambassadors at large, who are on official duty in Iraq, 
Afghanistan, or Pakistan. [This authority shall terminate on 
October 1, 2010.]
  (e) Of the funds appropriated under the heading ``Foreign 
Military Financing Program'' in Public Law 110-161 that are 
available for assistance for Colombia, $500,000 may be 
transferred to, and merged with, funds appropriated under the 
heading ``International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement'' 
to provide medical and rehabilitation assistance for members of 
Colombian security forces who have suffered severe injuries.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


          FOREIGN AFFAIRS REFORM AND RESTRUCTURING ACT OF 1998

DIVISION G--FOREIGN AFFAIRS REFORM AND RESTRUCTURING ACT OF 1998

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBDIVISION A--CONSOLIDATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AGENCIES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE XIII--UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 4--CONFORMING AMENDMENTS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 1334. [SUNSET]  CONTINUATION OF UNITED STATES ADVISORY COMMISSION 
                    ON PUBLIC DIPLOMACY.

  The United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy, 
established under section 604 of the United States Information 
and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1469) and 
section 8 of Reorganization Plan Numbered 2 of 1977, shall 
continue to exist and operate under such provisions of law 
[until October 1, 2020].

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                        ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
    CHAPTER 1--FOREIGN AND NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY OBJECTIVES AND 
RESTRAINTS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 4. Purposes for Which Military Sales by the United 
States Are Authorized.--Defense articles and defense services 
shall be sold or leased by the United States Government under 
this Act to friendly countries solely for [internal security] 
legitimate internal security (including for anti-terrorism 
purposes), for legitimate self-defense, for preventing or 
hindering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and 
of the means of delivering such weapons, to permit the 
recipient country to participate in regional or collective 
arrangements or measures consistent with the Charter of the 
United Nations, or otherwise to permit the recipient country to 
participate in collective measures requested by the United 
Nations for the purpose of maintaining or restoring 
international peace and security, or for the purpose of 
enabling foreign military forces in less developed friendly 
countries to construct public works and to engage in other 
activities helpful to the economic and social development of 
such friendly countries. It is the sense of the Congress that 
such foreign military forces should not be maintained or 
established solely for civic action activities and that such 
civic action activities not significantly detract from the 
capability of the military forces to perform their military 
missions and be coordinated with and form part of the total 
economic and social development effort: Provided, That none of 
the funds contained in this authorization shall be used to 
guarantee, or extend credit, or participate in an extension of 
credit in connection with any sale of sophisticated weapons 
systems, such as missile systems and jet aircraft for military 
purposes, to any underdeveloped country other than Greece, 
Turkey, Iran, Israel, the Republic of China, the Philippines, 
and Korea unless the President determines that such financing 
is important to the national security of the United States and 
reports within thirty days each such determination to the 
Congress.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


            CHAPTER 2--FOREIGN MILITARY SALES AUTHORIZATIONS

  Sec. 21. Sales From Stocks.--(a)(1) The President may sell 
defense articles and defense services from the stocks of the 
Department of Defense and the Coast Guard to any eligible 
country or international organization if such country or 
international organization agrees to pay in United States 
dollars--
          (A) in the case of a defense article not intended to 
        be replaced at the time such agreement is entered into, 
        not less than the actual value thereof;
          (B) in the case of a defense article intended to be 
        replaced at the time such agreement is entered into, 
        the estimated cost of replacement of such article, 
        including the contract or production costs less any 
        depreciation in the value of such article; or
          (C) in the case of the sale of a defense service, the 
        full cost to the United States Government of furnishing 
        such service, except that in the case of training sold 
        to a purchaser who is concurrently receiving assistance 
        under chapter 5 of part II of the Foreign Assistance 
        Act of 1961, only those additional costs that are 
        incurred by the United States Government in furnishing 
        such assistance.
  (2) For purposes of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), the 
actual value of a naval vessel of 3,000 tons or less and 20 
years or more of age shall be considered to be not less than 
the greater of the scrap value or fair value (including 
conversion costs) of such vessel, as determined by the 
Secretary of Defense.
  (b) Except as provided by subsection (d) of this section, 
payment shall be made in advance or, if the President 
determines it to be in the national interest, upon delivery of 
the defense article or rendering of the defense service.
  (c)(1) Personnel performing defense services sold under this 
Act may not perform any duties of a combatant nature, including 
any duties related to training and advising that may engage 
United States personnel in combat activities, outside the 
United States in connection with the performance of those 
defense services.
  (2) Within forty-eight hours of the existence of, or a change 
in status of significant hostilities or terrorist acts or a 
series of such acts, which may endanger American lives or 
property, involving a country in which United States personnel 
are performing defense services pursuant to this Act or the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the President shall submit to 
the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the 
President pro tempore of the Senate a report, in writing, 
classified if necessary, setting forth--
          (A) the identity of such country;
          (B) a description of such hostilities or terrorist 
        acts; and
          (C) the number of members of the United States Armed 
        Forces and the number of United States civilian 
        personnel that may be endangered by such hostilities or 
        terrorist acts.
  (d) If the President determines it to be in the national 
interest pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, billings 
for sales made under letters of offer issued under this section 
after the enactment of this subsection may be dated and issued 
upon delivery of the defense article or rendering of the 
defense service and shall be due and payable upon receipt 
thereof by the purchasing country or international 
organization. Interest shall be charged on any net amount due 
and payable which is not paid within sixty days after the date 
of such billing. The rate of interest charged shall be a rate 
not less than a rate determined by the Secretary of the 
Treasury taking into consideration the current average market 
yield on outstanding short-term obligations of the United 
States as of the last day of the month preceding the billing 
and shall be computed from the date of billing. The President 
may extend such sixty-day period to one hundred and twenty days 
if he determines that emergency requirements of the purchaser 
for acquisition of such defense articles or defense services 
exceed the ready availability to the purchaser of funds 
sufficient to pay the United States in full for them within 
such sixty-day period and submits that determination to the 
Congress together with a special emergency request for the 
authorization and appropriation of additional funds to finance 
such purchases under this Act.
  (e)(1) After September 30, 1976, letters of offer for the 
sale of defense articles or for the sale of defense services 
that are issued pursuant to this section or pursuant to section 
22 of this Act shall include appropriate charges for--
          (A) administrative services, calculated on an average 
        percentage basis to recover the full estimated costs 
        (excluding a pro rata share of fixed base operations 
        costs) of administration of sales made under this Act 
        to all purchasers of such articles and services as 
        specified in section 43(b) and section 43(c) of this 
        Act;
          (B) a proportionate amount of any nonrecurring costs 
        of research, development, and production of major 
        defense equipment (except for equipment wholly paid for 
        either from funds transferred under section 503(a)(3) 
        of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or from funds 
        made available on a nonrepayable basis under section 23 
        of this Act); and
          (C) the recovery of ordinary inventory losses 
        associated with the sale from stock of defense articles 
        that are being stored at the expense of the purchaser 
        of such articles.
  (2)(A) The President may reduce or waive the charge or 
charges which would otherwise be considered appropriate under 
paragraph (1)(B) for particular sales that would, if made, 
significantly advance United States Government Arms Export 
interests in North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
standardization, standardization with the Armed Forces of 
Japan, Australia, the Republic of Korea, Israel, or New Zealand 
in furtherance of the mutual defense treaties between the 
United States and those countries, or foreign procurement in 
the United States under coproduction arrangements.
  (B) The President may waive the charge or charges which would 
otherwise be considered appropriate under paragraph (1)(B) for 
a particular sale if the President determines that--
          (i) imposition of the charge or charges likely would 
        result in the loss of the sale; or
          (ii) in the case of a sale of major defense equipment 
        that is also being procured for the use of the Armed 
        Forces, the waiver of the charge or charges would 
        (through a resulting increase in the total quantity of 
        the equipment purchased from the source of the 
        equipment that causes a reduction in the unit cost of 
        the equipment) result in a savings to the United States 
        on the cost of the equipment procured for the use of 
        the Armed Forces that substantially offsets the revenue 
        foregone by reason of the waiver of the charge or 
        charges.
  (C) The President may waive, for particular sales of major 
defense equipment, any increase in a charge or charges 
previously considered appropriate under paragraph (1)(B) if the 
increase results from a correction of an estimate (reasonable 
when made) of the production quantity base that was used for 
calculating the charge or charges for purposes of such 
paragraph.
  (3)(A) The President may waive the charges for administrative 
services that would otherwise be required by paragraph (1)(A) 
in connection with any sale to the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization (NATO) Support and Procurement Organization and 
its executive agencies in support of--
          (i) a support or procurement partnership agreement; 
        or
          (ii) a NATO/SHAPE project.
  (B) The Secretary of Defense may reimburse the fund 
established to carry out section 43(b) of this Act in the 
amount of the charges waived under subparagraph (A) of this 
paragraph. Any such reimbursement may be made from any funds 
available to the Department of Defense.
  (C) As used in this paragraph--
          (i) the term ``support or procurement partnership 
        agreement'' means an agreement between two or more 
        member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization (NATO) Support and Procurement 
        Organization and its executive agencies that--
                  (I) is entered into pursuant to the terms of 
                the charter of that organization; and
                  (II) is for the common logistic support of 
                activities common to the participating 
                countries; and
          (ii) the term ``NATO/SHAPE project'' means a common-
        funded project supported by allocated credits from 
        North Atlantic Treaty Organization bodies or by host 
        nations with NATO Infrastructure funds.
  (f) Any contracts entered into between the United States and 
a foreign country under the authority of this section or 
section 22 of this Act shall be prepared in a manner which will 
permit them to be made available for public inspection to the 
fullest extent possible consistent with the national security 
of the United States.
  (g) The President may enter into North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization standardization agreements in carrying out section 
814 of the Act of October 7, 1975 (Public Law 94-106), and may 
enter into similar agreements with countries which are major 
non-NATO allies, for the cooperative furnishing of training on 
a bilateral or multilateral basis, if the financial principles 
of such agreements are based on reciprocity. Such agreements 
shall include reimbursement for all direct costs but may 
exclude reimbursement for indirect costs, administrative 
surcharges, and costs of billeting of trainees (except to the 
extent that members of the United States Armed Forces occupying 
comparable accommodations are charged for such accommodations 
by the United States). Each such agreement shall be transmitted 
promptly to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, 
and the Committees on Appropriations, Armed Services, and 
Foreign Relations of the Senate.
  (h)(1) The President is authorized to provide (without 
charge) quality assurance, inspection, contract administration 
services, and contract audit defense services under this 
section--
          (A) in connection with the placement or 
        administration of any contract or subcontract for 
        defense articles, defense services, or design and 
        construction services entered into after the date of 
        enactment of this subsection by, or under this Act on 
        behalf of, a foreign government which is a member of 
        the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or the 
        Governments of Australia, New Zealand, Japan, the 
        Republic of Korea, or Israel, if such government 
        provides such services in accordance with an agreement 
        on a reciprocal basis, without charge, to the United 
        States Government; or
          (B) in connection with the placement or 
        administration of any contract or subcontract for 
        defense articles, defense services, or design and 
        construction services pursuant to the North Atlantic 
        Treaty Organization Security Investment program in 
        accordance with an agreement under which the foreign 
        governments participating in such program provide such 
        services, without charge, in connection with similar 
        contracts or subcontracts.
  (2) In carrying out the objectives of this section, the 
President is authorized to provide cataloging data and 
cataloging services, without charge, to the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization, to any member government of that 
Organization, or to the Governments of the Republic of Korea, 
Australia, New Zealand, Japan, or Israel if that Organization, 
member government, or the Governments of the Republic of Korea, 
Australia, New Zealand, Japan, or Israel provides such data and 
services in accordance with an agreement on a reciprocal basis, 
without charge, to the United States Government.
  (i)(1) Sales of defense articles and defense services which 
could have significant adverse effect on the combat readiness 
of the Armed Forces of the United States shall be kept to an 
absolute minimum. The President shall transmit to the Speaker 
of the House of Representatives, the Committees on Foreign 
Affairs and Armed Services of the House of Representatives, and 
the Committees on Armed Services and Foreign Relations of the 
Senate on the same day a written statement giving a complete 
explanation with respect to any proposal to sell, under this 
section or under authority of chapter 2B, any defense articles 
or defense services if such sale could have a significant 
adverse effect on the combat readiness of the Armed Forces of 
the United States. Each such statement shall be unclassified 
except to the extent that public disclosure of any item of 
information contained therein would be clearly detrimental to 
the security of the United States. Any necessarily classified 
information shall be confined to a supplemental report. Each 
such statement shall include an explanation relating to only 
one such proposal to sell and shall set forth--
          (A) the country or international organization to 
        which the sale is proposed to be made;
          (B) the amount of the proposed sale;
          (C) a description of the defense article or service 
        proposed to be sold;
          (D) a full description of the impact which the 
        proposed sale will have on the Armed Forces of the 
        United States; and
          (E) a justification for such proposed sale, including 
        a certification that such sale is important to the 
        security of the United States.
A certification described in subparagraph (E) shall take effect 
on the date on which such certification is transmitted and 
shall remain in effect for not to exceed one year.
  (2) No delivery may be made under any sale which is required 
to be reported under paragraph (1) of this subsection unless 
the certification required to be transmitted by paragraph (E) 
of paragraph (1) is in effect.
  (k) Before entering into the sale under this Act of defense 
articles that are excess to the stocks of the Department of 
Defense, the President shall determine that the sale of such 
articles will not have an adverse impact on the national 
technology and industrial base and, particularly, will not 
reduce the opportunities of entities in the national technology 
and industrial base to sell new or used equipment to the 
countries to which such articles are transferred.
  (l) Repair of Defense Articles.--
          (1) In general.--The President may acquire a 
        repairable defense article from a foreign country or 
        international organization if such defense article--
                  (A) previously was transferred to such 
                country or organization under this Act;
                  (B) is not an end item; and
                  (C) will be exchanged for a defense article 
                of the same type that is in the stocks of the 
                Department of Defense.
          (2) Limitation.--The President may exercise the 
        authority provided in paragraph (1) only to the extent 
        that the Department of Defense--
                  (A)(i) has a requirement for the defense 
                article being returned; and
                  (ii) has available sufficient funds 
                authorized and appropriated for such purpose; 
                or
                  (B)(i) is accepting the return of the defense 
                article for subsequent transfer to another 
                foreign government or international 
                organization pursuant to a letter of offer and 
                acceptance implemented in accordance with this 
                Act; and
                  (ii) has available sufficient funds provided 
                by or on behalf of such other foreign 
                government or international organization 
                pursuant to a letter of offer and acceptance 
                implemented in accordance with this Act.
          (3) Requirement.--(A) The foreign government or 
        international organization receiving a new or repaired 
        defense article in exchange for a repairable defense 
        article pursuant to paragraph (1) shall, upon the 
        acceptance by the United States Government of the 
        repairable defense article being returned, be charged 
        the total cost associated with the repair and 
        replacement transaction.
          (B) The total cost charged pursuant to subparagraph 
        (A) shall be the same as that charged the United States 
        Armed Forces for a similar repair and replacement 
        transaction, plus an administrative surcharge in 
        accordance with subsection (e)(1)(A) of this section.
          (4) Relationship to certain other provisions of 
        law.--The authority of the President to accept the 
        return of a repairable defense article as provided in 
        subsection (a) shall not be subject to chapter 137 of 
        title 10, United States Code, or any other provision of 
        law relating to the conclusion of contracts.
  (m) Return of Defense Articles.--
          (1) In general.--The President may accept the return 
        of a defense article from a foreign country or 
        international organization if such defense article--
                  (A) previously was transferred to such 
                country or organization under this Act;
                  [(B) is not] (B) (i) is not  significant 
                military equipment (as defined in section 47(9) 
                of this Act)[; and]; or
                  (ii) is significant military equipment (as 
                defined in section 47(9) of this Act) and the 
                Secretary of State has provided prior approval 
                of the return of such defense article from the 
                foreign country or international organization; 
                and
                  (C) is in fully functioning condition without 
                need of repair or rehabilitation.
          (2) Limitation.--The President may exercise the 
        authority provided in paragraph (1) only to the extent 
        that the Department of Defense--
                  (A)(i) has a requirement for the defense 
                article being returned; and
                  (ii) has available sufficient funds 
                authorized and appropriated for such purpose; 
                or
                  (B)(i) is accepting the return of the defense 
                article for subsequent transfer to another 
                foreign government or international 
                organization pursuant to a letter of offer and 
                acceptance implemented in accordance with this 
                Act; and
                  (ii) has available sufficient funds provided 
                by or on behalf of such other foreign 
                government or international organization 
                pursuant to a letter of offer and acceptance 
                implemented in accordance with this Act.
          (3) Credit for transaction.--Upon acquisition and 
        acceptance by the United States Government of a defense 
        article under paragraph (1), the appropriate Foreign 
        Military Sales account of the provider shall be 
        credited to reflect the transaction.
          (4) Relationship to certain other provisions of 
        law.--The authority of the President to accept the 
        return of a defense article as provided in paragraph 
        (1) shall not be subject to chapter 137 of title 10, 
        United States Code, or any other provision of law 
        relating to the conclusion of contracts.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 3--MILITARY EXPORT CONTROLS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 36. Reports on Commercial and Governmental Military 
Exports; Congressional Action.--(a) The President shall 
transmit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, 
and to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
the Senate not more than sixty days after the end of each 
quarter an unclassified report (except that any material which 
was transmitted in classified form under subsection (b)(1) or 
(c)(1) of this section may be contained in a classified 
addendum to such report, and any letter of offer referred to in 
paragraph (1) of this subsection may be listed in such addendum 
unless such letter of offer has been the subject of an 
unclassified certification pursuant to subsection (b)(1) of 
this section, and any information provided under paragraph (11) 
of this subsection may also be provided in a classified 
addendum) containing--
          (1) a listing of all letters of offer to sell any 
        major defense equipment for $1,000,000 or more under 
        this Act to each foreign country and international 
        organization, by category, if such letters of offer 
        have not been accepted or canceled;
          (2) a listing of all such letters of offer that have 
        been accepted during the fiscal year in which such 
        report is submitted, together with the total value of 
        all defense articles and defense services sold to each 
        foreign country and international organization during 
        such fiscal year;
          (3) the cumulative dollar amounts, by foreign country 
        and international organization, of sales credit 
        agreements under section 23 and guaranty agreements 
        under section 24 made during the fiscal year in which 
        such report is submitted;
          (4) a numbered listing of all licenses and approvals 
        for the export to each foreign country and 
        international organization during such fiscal year of 
        commercially sold major defense equipment, by category, 
        sold for $1,000,000 or more, together with the total 
        value of all defense articles and defense services so 
        licensed for each foreign country and international 
        organization, setting forth, with respect to the listed 
        major defense equipment--
                  (A) the items to be exported under the 
                license,
                  (B) the quantity and contract price of each 
                such item to be furnished, and
                  (C) the name and address of the ultimate user 
                of each such item;
          (5) projections of the dollar amounts, by foreign 
        country and international organization, of sales 
        expected to be made under sections 21 and 22, in the 
        quarter of the fiscal year immediately following the 
        quarter for which such report is submitted;
          (6) a projection with respect to all sales expected 
        to be made to each country and organization for the 
        remainder of the fiscal year in which such report is 
        transmitted;
          (7) a description of each payment, contribution, 
        gift, commission, or fee reported to the Secretary of 
        State under section 39, including (A) the name of the 
        person who made such payment, contribution, gift, 
        commission, or fee; (B) the name of any sales agent or 
        other person to whom such payment, contribution, gift, 
        commission, or fee was paid; (C) the date and amount of 
        such payment, contribution, gift, commission, or fee; 
        (D) a description of the sale in connection with which 
        such payment, contribution, gift, commission, or fee 
        was paid; and (E) the identification of any business 
        information considered confidential by the person 
        submitting it which is included in the report;
          (8) a listing of each sale under section 29 during 
        the quarter for which such report is made, specifying 
        (A) the purchaser, (B) the United States Government 
        department or agency responsible for implementing the 
        sale, (C) an estimate of the dollar amount of the sale, 
        and (D) a general description of the real property 
        facilities to be constructed pursuant to such sale;
          (9) a listing of the consents to third-party 
        transfers of defense articles or defense services which 
        were granted, during the quarter for which such report 
        is submitted, for purposes of section 3(a)(2) of this 
        Act, the regulations issued under section 38 of this 
        Act, or section 505(a)(1)(B) of the Foreign Assistance 
        Act of 1961, if the value (in terms of original 
        acquisition cost) of the defense articles or defense 
        services to be transferred is $1,000,000 or more;
          (10) a listing of all munitions items (as defined in 
        section 40(l)(1)) which were sold, leased, or otherwise 
        transferred by the Department of Defense to any other 
        department, agency, or other entity of the United 
        States Government during the quarter for which such 
        report is submitted (including the name of the 
        recipient Government entity and a discussion of what 
        that entity will do with those munitions items) if--
                  (A) the value of the munitions items was 
                $250,000 of more; and
                  (B) the value of all munitions items 
                transferred to that Government department, 
                agency, or other entity during that quarter was 
                $250,000 or more;
        excluding munitions items transferred (i) for 
        disposition or use solely within the United States, or 
        (ii) for use in connection with intelligence activities 
        subject to reporting requirements under title V of the 
        National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 413 et seq.; 
        relating to congressional oversight of intelligence 
        activities);
          (11) a report on all concluded government-to-
        government agreements regarding foreign coproduction of 
        defense articles of United States origin and all other 
        concluded agreements involving coproduction or licensed 
        production outside of the United States of defense 
        articles of United States origin (including 
        coproduction memoranda of understanding or agreement) 
        that have not been previously reported under this 
        subsection, which shall include--
                  (A) the identity of the foreign countries, 
                international organizations, or foreign firms 
                involved;
                  (B) a description and the estimated value of 
                the 
                articles authorized to be produced, and an 
                estimate of the quantity of the articles 
                authorized to be produced;
                  (C) a description of any restrictions on 
                third-party transfers of the foreign-
                manufactured articles; and
                  (D) if any such agreement does not provide 
                for United States access to and verification of 
                quantities of articles produced overseas and 
                their disposition in the foreign country, a 
                description of alternative measures and 
                controls incorporated in the coproduction or 
                licensing program to ensure compliance with 
                restrictions in the agreement on production 
                quantities and third-party transfers; and
          (12) a report on all exports of significant military 
        equipment for which information has been provided 
        pursuant to section 38(i).
For each letter of offer to sell under paragraphs (1) and (2), 
the report shall specify (i) the foreign country or 
international organization to which the defense article or 
service is offered or was sold, as the case may be: (ii) the 
dollar amount of the offer to sell or the sale and the number 
of defense articles offered or sold, as the case may be; (iii) 
a description of the defense article or service offered or 
sold, as the case may be; and (iv) the United States Armed 
Forces or other agency of the United States which is making the 
offer to sell or the sale, as the case may be.
  (b)(1) Subject to paragraph (6), in the case of any letter of 
offer to sell any defense articles or services under this Act 
for $50,000,000 or more, any design and construction services 
for $200,000,000 or more, or any major defense equipment for 
$14,000,000 or more, before such letter of offer is issued, the 
President shall submit to the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
of Representatives, and to the chairman of the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate a numbered certification with 
respect to such offer to sell containing the information 
specified in clauses (i) through (iv) of subsection (a), or (in 
the case of a sale of design and construction services) the 
information specified in clauses (A) through (D) of paragraph 
(9) of subsection (a), and a description, containing the 
information specified in paragraph (8) of subsection (a), of 
any contribution, gift, commission, or fee paid or offered or 
agreed to be paid in order to solicit, promote, or otherwise to 
secure such letter of offer. Such numbered certifications shall 
also contain an item, classified if necessary, identifying the 
sensitivity of technology contained in the defense articles, 
defense services, or design and construction services proposed 
to be sold, and a detailed justification of the reasons 
necessitating the sale of such articles or services in view of 
the sensitivity of such technology. In a case in which such 
articles or services listed on the Missile Technology Control 
Regime Annex are intended to support the design, development, 
or production of a Category I space launch vehicle system (as 
defined in section 74), such report shall include a description 
of the proposed export and rationale for approving such export, 
including the consistency of such export with United States 
missile nonproliferation policy. Each such numbered 
certification shall contain an item indicating whether any 
offset agreement is proposed to be entered into in connection 
with such letter of offer to sell (if known on the date of 
transmittal of such certification). In addition, the President 
shall, upon the request of such committee or the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, transmit 
promptly to both such committees a statement setting forth, to 
the extent specified in such request--
          (A) a detailed description of the defense articles, 
        defense services, or design and construction services 
        to be offered, including a brief description of the 
        capabilities of any defense article to be offered;
          (B) an estimate of the number of officers and 
        employees of the United States Government and of United 
        States civilian contract personnel expected to be 
        needed in such country to carry out the proposed sale;
          (C) the name of each contractor expected to provide 
        the defense article, defense service, or design and 
        construction services proposed to be sold and a 
        description of any offset agreement with respect to 
        such sale;
          (D) an evaluation, prepared by the Secretary of State 
        in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Director of Central Intelligence, of the manner, if 
        any, in which the proposed sale would--
                  (i) contribute to an arms race;
                  (ii) support international terrorism;
                  (iii) increase the possibility of an outbreak 
                or escalation of conflict;
                  (iv) prejudice the negotiation of any arms 
                controls; or
                  (v) adversely affect the arms control policy 
                of the United States;
          (E) the reasons why the foreign country or 
        international organization to which the sale is 
        proposed to be made needs the defense articles, defense 
        services, or design and construction services which are 
        the subject of such sale and a description of how such 
        country or organization intends to use such defense 
        articles, defense services, or design and construction 
        services;
          (F) an analysis by the President of the impact of the 
        proposed sale on the military stocks and the military 
        preparedness of the United States;
          (G) the reasons why the proposed sale is in the 
        national interest of the United States;
          (H) an analysis by the President of the impact of the 
        proposed sale on the military capabilities of the 
        foreign country or international organization to which 
        such sale would be made;
          (I) an analysis by the President of how the proposed 
        sale would affect the relative military strengths of 
        countries in the region to which the defense articles, 
        defense services, or design and construction services 
        which are the subject of such sale would be delivered 
        and whether other countries in the region have 
        comparable kinds and amounts of defense articles, 
        defense services, or design and construction services;
          (J) an estimate of the levels of trained personnel 
        and maintenance facilities of the foreign country or 
        international organization to which the sale would be 
        made which are needed and available to utilize 
        effectively the defense articles, defense services, or 
        design and construction services proposed to be sold;
          (K) an analysis of the extent to which comparable 
        kinds and amounts of defense articles, defense 
        services, or design and construction services are 
        available from other countries;
          (L) an analysis of the impact of the proposed sale on 
        United States relations with the countries in the 
        region to which the defense articles, defense services, 
        or design and construction services which are the 
        subject of such sale would be delivered;
          (M) a detailed description of any agreement proposed 
        to be entered into by the United States for the 
        purchase or acquisition by the United States of defense 
        articles, defense services, design and construction 
        services or defense equipment, or other articles, 
        services, or equipment of the foreign country or 
        international organization in connection with, or as 
        consideration for, such letter of offer, including an 
        analysis of the impact of such proposed agreement upon 
        United States business concerns which might otherwise 
        have provided such articles, services, or equipment to 
        the United States, an estimate of the costs to be 
        incurred by the United States in connection with such 
        agreement compared with costs which would otherwise 
        have been incurred, an estimate of the economic impact 
        and unemployment which would result from entering into 
        such proposed agreement, and an analysis of whether 
        such costs and such domestic economic impact justify 
        entering into such proposed agreement;
          (N) the projected delivery dates of the defense 
        articles, defense services, or design and construction 
        services to be offered;
          (O) a detailed description of weapons and levels of 
        munitions that may be required as support for the 
        proposed sale; and
          (P) an analysis of the relationship of the proposed 
        sale to projected procurements of the same item.
A certification transmitted pursuant to this subsection shall 
be unclassified, except that the information specified in 
clause (ii) and the details of the description specified in 
clause (iii) of subsection (a) may be classified if the public 
disclosure thereof would be clearly detrimental to the security 
of the United States, in which case the information shall be 
accompanied by a description of the damage to the national 
security that could be expected to result from public 
disclosure of the information. The letter of offer shall not be 
issued, with respect to a proposed sale to the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization, any member country of such Organization, 
Japan, Australia, the Republic of Korea, Israel, or New 
Zealand, if the Congress, within fifteen calendar days after 
receiving such certification, or with respect to a proposed 
sale to any other country or organization, if the Congress 
within thirty calendar days after receiving such certification, 
enacts a joint resolution prohibiting the proposed sale, unless 
the President states in his certification that an emergency 
exists which requires such sale in the national security 
interests of the United States. If the President states in his 
certification that an emergency exists which requires the 
proposed sale in the national security interest of the United 
States, thus waiving the congressional review requirements of 
this subsection, he shall set forth in the certification a 
detailed justification for his determination, including a 
description of the emergency circumstances which necessitate 
the immediate issuance of the letter of offer and a discussion 
of the national security interests involved.
  (2) Any such joint resolution shall be considered in the 
Senate in accordance with the provisions of section 601(b) of 
the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control 
Act of 1976, except that for purposes of consideration of any 
joint resolution with respect to the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization, any member country of such Organization, Japan, 
Australia, the Republic of Korea, Israel, or New Zealand, it 
shall be in order in the Senate to move to discharge a 
committee to which such joint resolution was referred if such 
committee has not reported such joint resolution at the end of 
five calendar days after its introduction.
  (3) For the purpose of expediting the consideration and 
enactment of joint resolutions under this subsection, a motion 
to proceed to the consideration of any such joint resolution 
after it has been reported by the appropriate committee shall 
be treated as highly privileged in the House of 
Representatives.
  (4) In addition to the other information required to be 
contained in a certification submitted to the Congress under 
this subsection, each such certification shall cite any 
quarterly report submitted pursuant to section 28 of this Act 
which listed a price and availability estimate, or a request 
for the issuance of a letter of offer, which was a basis for 
the proposed sale which is the subject of such certification.
  (5)(A) If, before the delivery of any major defense article 
or major defense equipment, or the furnishing of any defense 
service or design and construction service, sold pursuant to a 
letter of offer described in paragraph (1), the sensitivity of 
technology or the capability of the article, equipment, or 
service is enhanced or upgraded from the level of sensitivity 
or capability described in the numbered certification with 
respect to an offer to sell such article, equipment, or 
service, then, at least 45 days before the delivery of such 
article or equipment or the furnishing of such service, the 
President shall prepare and transmit to the chairman of the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives 
and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate a report--
          (i) describing the manner in which the technology or 
        capability has been enhanced or upgraded and describing 
        the significance of such enhancement or upgrade; and
          (ii) setting forth a detailed justification for such 
        enhancement or upgrade.
  (B) The provisions of subparagraph (A) apply to an article or 
equipment delivered, or a service furnished, within ten years 
after the transmittal to the Congress of a numbered 
certification with respect to the sale of such article, 
equipment, or service.
  (C) Subject to paragraph (6), if the enhancement or upgrade 
in the sensitivity of technology or the capability of major 
defense equipment, defense articles, defense services, or 
design and construction services described in a numbered 
certification submitted under this subsection costs $14,000,000 
or more in the case of any major defense equipment, $50,000,000 
or more in the case of defense articles or defense services, or 
$200,000,000 or more in the case of design or construction 
services, then the President shall submit to the Speaker of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives, and the chairman of the Committee 
on Foreign Relations of the Senate a new numbered certification 
which relates to such enhancement or upgrade and which shall be 
considered for purposes of this subsection as if it were a 
separate letter of offer to sell defense equipment, articles, 
or services, subject to all of the requirements, restrictions, 
and conditions set forth in this subsection. For purposes of 
this subparagraph, references in this subsection to sales shall 
be deemed to be references to enhancements or upgrades in the 
sensitivity of technology or the capability of major defense 
equipment, articles, or services, as the case may be.
  (D) For the purposes of subparagraph (A), the term ``major 
defense article'' shall be construed to include electronic 
devices, which if upgraded, would enhance the mission 
capability of a weapons system.
  (6) The limitation in paragraph (1) and the requirement in 
paragraph (5)(C) shall apply in the case of a letter of offer 
to sell to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or a member 
country of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) or 
Australia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Israel, or New Zealand 
that does not authorize a new sales territory that includes any 
country other than such countries only if the letter of offer 
involves--
          (A) the sale of major defense equipment under this 
        Act for, or the enhancement or upgrade of major defense 
        equipment at a cost of, $25,000,000 or more, as the 
        case may be; and
          (B) the sale of defense articles or services for, or 
        the enhancement or upgrade of defense articles or 
        services at a cost of, $100,000,000 or more, as the 
        case may be; or
          (C) the sale of design and construction services for, 
        or the enhancement or upgrade of design and 
        construction services at a cost of, $300,000,000 or 
        more, as the case may be.
  (c)(1) Subject to paragraph (5), in the case of an 
application by a person (other than with regard to a sale under 
section 21 or section 22 of this Act) for a license for the 
export of any major defense equipment sold under a contract in 
the amount of $14,000,000 or more or of defense articles or 
defense services sold under a contract in the amount of 
$50,000,000 or more (or, in the case of a defense article that 
is a firearm controlled under category I of the United States 
Munitions List, $1,000,000 or more), before issuing such 
license the President shall transmit to the Speaker of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives, and to the chairman of the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate an unclassified 
numbered certification with respect to such application 
specifying (A) the foreign country or international 
organization to which such export will be made, (B) the dollar 
amount of the items to be exported, and (C) a description of 
the items to be exported. Each such numbered certification 
shall also contain an item indicating whether any offset 
agreement is proposed to be entered into in connection with 
such export and a description of any such offset agreement. In 
addition, the President shall, upon the request of such 
committee or the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives, transmit promptly to both such committees a 
statement setting forth, to the extent specified in such 
request a description of the capabilities of the items to be 
exported, an estimate of the total number of United States 
personnel expected to be needed in the foreign country 
concerned in connection with the items to be exported and an 
analysis of the arms control impact pertinent to such 
application, prepared in consultation with the Secretary of 
Defense. In a case in which such articles or services listed on 
the Missile Technology Control Regime Annex are intended to 
support the design, development, or production of a Category I 
space launch vehicle system (as defined in section 74), such 
report shall include a description of the proposed export and 
rationale for approving such export, including the consistency 
of such export with United States missile nonproliferation 
policy. A certification transmitted pursuant to this subsection 
shall be unclassified, except that the information specified in 
clause (B) and the details of the description specified in 
clause (C) may be classified if the public disclosure thereof 
would be clearly detrimental to the security of the United 
States, in which case the information shall be accompanied by a 
description of the damage to the national security that could 
be expected to result from public disclosure of the 
information.
  (2) Unless the President states in his certification that an 
emergency exists which requires the proposed export in the 
national security interests of the United States, a license for 
export described in paragraph (1)--
          (A) in the case of a license for an export to the 
        North Atlantic Treaty Organization, any member country 
        of that Organization or Australia, Japan, the Republic 
        of Korea, Israel, or New Zealand, shall not be issued 
        until at least 15 calendar days after the Congress 
        receives such certification, and shall not be issued 
        then if the Congress, within that 15-day period, enacts 
        a joint resolution prohibiting the proposed export;
          (B) in the case of a license for an export of a 
        commercial communications satellite for launch from, 
        and by nationals of, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, 
        or Kazakhstan, shall not be issued until at least 15 
        calendar days after the Congress receives such 
        certification, and shall not be issued then if the 
        Congress, within that 15-day period, enacts a joint 
        resolution prohibiting the proposed export; and
          (C) in the case of any other license, shall not be 
        issued until at least 30 calendar days after the 
        Congress receives such certification, and shall not be 
        issued then if the Congress, within that 30-day period, 
        enacts a joint resolution prohibiting the proposed 
        export.
If the President states in his certification that an emergency 
exists which requires the proposed export in the national 
security interests of the United States, thus waiving the 
requirements of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph, he 
shall set forth in the certification a detailed justification 
for his determination, including a description of the emergency 
circumstances which necessitate the immediate issuance of the 
export license and a discussion of the national security 
interests involved.
  (3)(A) Any joint resolution under this subsection shall be 
considered in the Senate in accordance with the provisions of 
section 601(b) of the International Security Assistance and 
Arms Export Control Act of 1976.
  (B) For the purpose of expediting the consideration and 
enactment of joint resolutions under this subsection, a motion 
to proceed to the consideration of any such joint resolution 
after it has been reported by the appropriate committee shall 
be treated as highly privileged in the House of 
Representatives.
  (4) The provisions of subsection (b)(5) shall apply to any 
equipment, article, or service for which a numbered 
certification has been transmitted to Congress pursuant to 
paragraph (1) in the same manner and to the same extent as that 
subsection applies to any equipment, article, or service for 
which a numbered certification has been transmitted to Congress 
pursuant to subsection (b)(1). For purposes of such 
application, any reference in subsection (b)(5) to ``a letter 
of offer'' or ``an offer'' shall be deemed to be a reference to 
``a contract''.
  (5) In the case of an application by a person (other than 
with regard to a sale under section 21 or 22 of this Act) for a 
license for the export to a member country of the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) or Australia, Japan, the 
Republic of Korea, Israel, or New Zealand that does not 
authorize a new sales territory that includes any country other 
than such countries, the limitations on the issuance of the 
license set forth in paragraph (1) shall apply only if the 
license is for export of--
          (A) major defense equipment sold under a contract in 
        the amount of $25,000,000 or more; or
          (B) defense articles or defense services sold under a 
        contract in the amount of $100,000,000 or more.
          (6) The President shall notify the Speaker of the 
        House of Representatives and the Chairman of the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate at least 
        15 days prior to an export pursuant to a treaty 
        referred to in section 38(j)(1)(C)(i) of this Act to 
        which the provisions of paragraph (1) of this 
        subsection would apply absent an exemption granted 
        under section 38(j)(1) of this Act, for which purpose 
        such notification shall contain information comparable 
        to that specified in paragraph (1) of this subsection.
  (d)(1) In the case of an approval under section 38 of this 
Act of a United States commercial technical assistance or 
manufacturing licensing agreement which involves the 
manufacture abroad of any item of significant combat equipment 
on the United States Munitions List, before such approval is 
given, the President shall submit a certification with respect 
to such proposed commercial agreement in a manner similar to 
the certification required under subsection (c)(1) containing 
comparable information, except that the last sentence of such 
subsection shall not apply to certifications submitted pursuant 
to this subsection.
  (2) A certification under this subsection shall be 
submitted--
          (A) at least 15 days before approval is given in the 
        case of an agreement for or in a country which is a 
        member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or 
        Australia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Israel, or New 
        Zealand; and
          (B) at least 30 days before approval is given in the 
        case of an agreement for or in any other country;
unless the President states in his certification that an 
emergency exists which requires the immediate approval of the 
agreement in the national security interests of the United 
States.
  (3) If the President states in his certification that an 
emergency exists which requires the immediate approval of the 
agreement in the national security interests of the United 
States, thus waiving the requirements of paragraph (4), he 
shall set forth in the certification a detailed justification 
for his determination, including a description of the emergency 
circumstances which necessitate the immediate approval of the 
agreement and a discussion of the national security interests 
involved.
  (4) Approval for an agreement subject to paragraph (1) may 
not be given under section 38 if the Congress, within the 15-
day or 30-day period specified in paragraph (2)(A) or (B), as 
the case may be, enacts a joint resolution prohibiting such 
approval.
  (5)(A) Any joint resolution under paragraph (4) shall be 
considered in the Senate in accordance with the provisions of 
section 601(b) of the International Security Assistance and 
Arms Export Control Act of 1976.
  (B) For the purpose of expediting the consideration and 
enactment of joint resolutions under paragraph (4), a motion to 
proceed to the consideration of any such joint resolution after 
it has been reported by the appropriate committee shall be 
treated as highly privileged in the House of Representatives.
          (6) The President shall notify the Speaker of the 
        House of Representatives and the Chairman of the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate at least 
        15 days prior to an export pursuant to a treaty 
        referred to in section 38(j)(1)(C)(i) of this Act to 
        which the provisions of paragraph (1) of this 
        subsection would apply absent an exemption granted 
        under section 38(j)(1) of this Act, for which purpose 
        such notification shall contain information comparable 
        to that specified in paragraph (1) of this subsection.
  (e) For purposes of this section--
          (1) the term ``offset agreement'' means an agreement, 
        arrangement, or understanding between a United States 
        supplier of defense articles or defense services and a 
        foreign country under which the supplier agrees to 
        purchase or acquire, or to promote the purchase or 
        acquisition by other United States persons of, goods or 
        services produced, manufactured, grown, or extracted, 
        in whole or in part, in that foreign country in 
        consideration for the purchase by the foreign country 
        of defense articles or defense service from the 
        supplier; and
          (2) the term ``United States person'' means--
                  (A) an individual who is a national or 
                permanent resident alien of the United States; 
                and
                  (B) any corporation, business association, 
                partnership, trust, or other juridical entity--
                          (i) organized under the laws of the 
                        United States or any State, district, 
                        territory, or possession thereof; or
                          (ii) owned or controlled in fact by 
                        individuals described in subparagraph 
                        (A).
  (f) The President shall cause to be published in a timely 
manner in the Federal Register, upon transmittal to the Speaker 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs of the House of Representatives, and to the chairman of 
the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the full 
unclassified text of--
          (1) each numbered certification submitted pursuant to 
        subsection (b);
          (2) each notification of a proposed commercial sale 
        submitted under subsection (c); and
          (3) each notification of a proposed commercial 
        technical assistance or manufacturing licensing 
        agreement submitted under subsection (d).
  (g) Information relating to offset agreements provided 
pursuant to subparagraph (C) of the fifth sentence of 
subsection (b)(1) and the second sentence of subsection (c)(1) 
shall be treated as confidential information in accordance with 
section 12(c) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 
U.S.C. App. 2411(c)).
  (h) Certification Requirement Relating to Israel's 
Qualitative Military Edge.--
          (1) In general.--Any certification relating to a 
        proposed sale or export of defense articles or defense 
        services under this section to any country in the 
        Middle East other than Israel shall include a 
        determination that the sale or export of the defense 
        articles or defense services will not adversely affect 
        Israel's qualitative military edge over military 
        threats to Israel.
          (2) Requirements with respect to determination for 
        major defense equipment.--A determination under 
        paragraph (1) relating to the sale or export of major 
        defense equipment shall include--
                  (A) a detailed explanation of Israel's 
                capacity to address the improved capabilities 
                provided by such sale or export;
                  (B) a detailed evaluation of--
                          (i) how such sale or export alters 
                        the strategic and tactical balance in 
                        the region, including relative 
                        capabilities; and
                          (ii) Israel's capacity to respond to 
                        the improved regional capabilities 
                        provided by such sale or export;
                  (C) an identification of any specific new 
                capacity, capabilities, or training that Israel 
                may require to address the regional or country-
                specific capabilities provided by such sale or 
                export; and
                  (D) a description of any additional United 
                States security assurances to Israel made, or 
                requested to be made, in connection with, or as 
                a result of, such sale or export.
          (3) Qualitative military edge defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``qualitative military edge'' 
        means the ability to counter and defeat any credible 
        conventional military threat from any individual state 
        or possible coalition of states or from non-state 
        actors, while sustaining minimal damages and 
        casualties, through the use of superior military means, 
        possessed in sufficient quantity, including weapons, 
        command, control, communication, intelligence, 
        surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities that in 
        their technical characteristics are superior in 
        capability to those of such other individual or 
        possible coalition of states or non-state actors.
  (i) Prior Notification of Shipment of Arms.--At least 30 days 
prior to a shipment of defense articles subject to the 
requirements of subsection (b) at the joint request of the 
Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate or the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives, the President shall provide 
notification of such pending shipment, in unclassified form, 
with a classified annex as necessary, to the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs of the House of Representatives.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  Sec. 38. Control of Arms Exports and Imports.--(a)(1) In 
furtherance of world peace and the security and foreign policy 
of the United States, the President is authorized to control 
the import and the export of defense articles and defense 
services and to provide foreign policy guidance to persons of 
the United States involved in the export and import of such 
articles and services. The President is authorized to designate 
those items which shall be considered as defense articles and 
defense services for the purposes of this section and to 
promulgate regulations for the import and export of such 
articles and services. The items so designated shall constitute 
the United States Munitions List.
  (2) Decisions on issuing export licenses under this section 
shall take into account whether the export of an article would 
contribute to an arms race, aid in the development of weapons 
of mass destruction, support international terrorism, increase 
the possibility of outbreak or escalation of conflict, or 
prejudice the development of bilateral or multilateral arms 
control or nonproliferation agreements or other arrangements.
  (3) In exercising the authorities conferred by this section, 
the President may require that any defense article or defense 
service be sold under this Act as a condition of its 
eligibility for export, and may require that persons engaged in 
the negotiation for the export of defense articles and services 
keep the President fully and currently informed of the progress 
and future prospects of such negotiations.
  (b)(1)(A)(i) As prescribed in regulations issued under this 
section, every person (other than an officer or employee of the 
United States Government acting in an official capacity) who 
engages in the business of manufacturing, exporting, or 
importing any defense articles or defense services designated 
by the President under subsection (a)(1) shall register with 
the United States Government agency charged with the 
administration of this section, and shall pay a registration 
fee which shall be prescribed by such regulations. Such 
regulations shall prohibit the return to the United States for 
sale in the United States (other than for the Armed Forces of 
the United States and its allies or for any State for local law 
enforcement agency) of any military firearms or ammunition of 
United States manufacture furnished to foreign governments by 
the United States under this Act or any other foreign 
assistance or sales program of the United States, whether or 
not enhanced in value or improved in condition in a foreign 
country. This prohibition shall not extend to similar firearms 
that have been so substantially transformed as to become, in 
effect, articles of foreign manufacture.
  (ii)(I) As prescribed in regulations issued under this 
section, every person (other than an officer or employee of the 
United States Government acting in official capacity) who 
engages in the business of brokering activities with respect to 
the manufacture, export, import, or transfer of any defense 
article or defense service designated by the President under 
subsection (a)(1), or in the business of brokering activities 
with respect to the manufacture, export, import, or transfer of 
any foreign defense article or defense service (as defined in 
subclause (IV)), shall register with the United States 
Government agency charged with the administration of this 
section, and shall pay a registration fee which shall be 
prescribed by such regulations.
  (II) Such brokering activities shall include the financing, 
transportation, freight forwarding, or taking of any other 
action that facilitates the manufacture, export, or import of a 
defense article or defense service.
  (III) No person may engage in the business of brokering 
activities described in subclause (I) without a license, issued 
in accordance with this Act, except that no license shall be 
required for such activities undertaken by or for an agency of 
the United States Government--
          (aa) for use by an agency of the United States 
        Government; or
          (bb) for carrying out any foreign assistance or sales 
        program authorized by law and subject to the control of 
        the President by other means.
  (IV) For purposes of this clause, the term ``foreign defense 
article or defense service'' includes any non-United States 
defense article or defense service of a nature described on the 
United States Munitions List regardless of whether such article 
or service is of United States origin or whether such article 
or service contains United States origin components.
  (B) The prohibition under such regulations required by the 
second sentence of subparagraph (A) shall not extend to any 
military firearms (or ammunition, components, parts, 
accessories, and attachments for such firearms) of United 
States manufacture furnished to any foreign government by the 
United States under this Act or any other foreign assistance or 
sales program of the United States if--
          (i) such firearms are among those firearms that the 
        Secretary of the Treasury is, or was at any time, 
        required to authorize the importation of by reason of 
        the provisions of section 925(e) of title 18, United 
        States Code (including the requirement for the listing 
        of such firearms as curios or relics under section 
        921(a)(13) of that title); and
          (ii) such foreign government certifies to the United 
        States Government that such firearms are owned by such 
        foreign government.
  (C) A copy of each registration made under this paragraph 
shall be transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury for 
review regarding law enforcement concerns. The Secretary shall 
report to the President regarding such concerns as necessary.
  (2) Except as otherwise specifically provided in regulations 
issued under subsection (a)(1), no defense articles or defense 
services designated by the President under subsection (a)(1) 
may be exported or imported without a license for such export 
or import, issued in accordance with this Act and regulations 
issued under this Act, except that no license shall be required 
for exports or imports made by or for an agency of the United 
States Government (A) for official use by a department or 
agency of the United States Government, or (B) for carrying out 
any foreign assistance or sales program authorized by law and 
subject to the control of the President by other means.
  (3)(A) For each of the fiscal years 1988 and 1989, $250,000 
of registration fees collected pursuant to paragraph (1) shall 
be credited to a Department of State account, to be available 
without fiscal year limitation. Fees credited to that account 
shall be available only for the payment of expenses incurred 
for--
          (i) contract personnel to assist in the evaluation of 
        munitions control license applications, reduce 
        processing time for license applications, and improve 
        monitoring of compliance with the terms of licenses; 
        and
          (ii) the automation of munitions control functions 
        and the processing of munitions control license 
        applications, including the development, procurement, 
        and utilization of computer equipment and related 
        software.
  (B) The authority of this paragraph may be exercised only to 
such extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in 
appropriation Acts.
  (c) Any person who willfully violates any provision of this 
section, section 39, a treaty referred to in subsection 
(j)(1)(C)(i), or any rule or regulation issued under this 
section or section 39, including any rule or regulation issued 
to implement or enforce a treaty referred to in subsection 
(j)(1)(C)(i) or an implementing arrangement pursuant to such 
treaty, or who willfully, in a registration or license 
application or required report, makes any untrue statement of a 
material fact or omits to state a material fact required to be 
stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not 
misleading, shall upon conviction be fined for each violation 
not more than $1,000,000, or imprisoned not more than 20 years, 
or both.
  (e) In carrying out functions under this section with respect 
to the export of defense articles and defense services, 
including defense articles and defense services exported or 
imported pursuant to a treaty referred to in subsection 
(j)(1)(C)(i), the President is authorized to exercise the same 
powers concerning violations and enforcement which are 
conferred upon departments, agencies and officials by 
subsections (c), (d), (e), and (g) of section 11 of the Export 
Administration Act of 1979, and by subsections (a) and (c) of 
section 12 of such Act, subject to the same terms and 
conditions as are applicable to such powers under such Act, 
except that section 11(c)(2)(B) of such Act shall not apply, 
and instead, as prescribed in regulations issued under this 
section, the Secretary of State may assess civil penalties for 
violations of this Act and regulations prescribed thereunder 
and further may commence a civil action to recover such civil 
penalties, and except further that the names of the countries 
and the types and quantities of defense articles for which 
licenses are issued under this section shall not be withheld 
from public disclosure unless the President determines that the 
release of such information would be contrary to the national 
interest. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as 
authorizing the withholding of information from the Congress. 
Notwithstanding section 11(c) of the Export Administration Act 
of 1979, the civil penalty for each violation involving 
controls imposed on the export of defense articles and defense 
services under this section may not exceed $500,000.
  (f)(1) The President shall periodically review the items on 
the United States Munitions List to determine what items, if 
any, no longer warrant export controls under this section. The 
results of such reviews shall be reported to the Speaker of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives, and to the Committee on Foreign 
Relations and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
Affairs of the Senate. The President may not remove any item 
from the Munitions List until 30 days after the date on which 
the President has provided notice of the proposed removal to 
the Committee on International Relations of the House of 
Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
the Senate in accordance with the procedures applicable to 
reprogramming notifications under section 634A(a) of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. Such notice shall describe the 
nature of any controls to be imposed on that item under any 
other provision of law.
  (2) The President may not authorize an exemption for a 
foreign country from the licensing requirements of this Act for 
the export of defense items under subsection (j) or any other 
provision of this Act until 30 days after the date on which the 
President has transmitted to the Committee on Foreign Affairs 
of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate a notification that includes--
          (A) a description of the scope of the exemption, 
        including a detailed summary of the defense articles, 
        defense services, and related technical data covered by 
        the exemption; and
          (B) a determination by the Attorney General that the 
        bilateral agreement concluded under subsection (j) 
        requires the compilation and maintenance of sufficient 
        documentation relating to the export of United States 
        defense articles, defense services, and related 
        technical data to facilitate law enforcement efforts to 
        detect, prevent, and prosecute criminal violations of 
        any provision of this Act, including the efforts on the 
        part of countries and factions engaged in international 
        terrorism to illicitly acquire sophisticated United 
        States defense items.
  (3) Paragraph (2) shall not apply with respect to an 
exemption for Canada from the licensing requirements of this 
Act for the export of defense items.
          (4) Paragraph (2) shall not apply with respect to an 
        exemption under subsection (j)(1) to give effect to a 
        treaty referred to in subsection (j)(1)(C)(i) (and any 
        implementing arrangements to such treaty), provided 
        that the President promulgates regulations to implement 
        and enforce such treaty under this section and section 
        39.
          (5)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the 
        President shall take such actions as may be necessary 
        to require that, at the time of export or reexport of 
        any major defense equipment listed on the 600 series of 
        the Commerce Control List contained in Supplement No. 1 
        to part 774 of subtitle B of title 15, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, the major defense equipment will not be 
        subsequently modified so as to transform such major 
        defense equipment into a defense article.
          (B) The President may authorize the transformation of 
        any major defense equipment described in subparagraph 
        (A) into a defense article if the President--
                  (i) determines that such transformation is 
                appropriate and in the national interests of 
                the United States; and
                  (ii) provides notice of such transformation 
                to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign 
                Affairs of the House of Representatives and the 
                chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations 
                of the Senate consistent with the notification 
                requirements of section 36(b)(5)(A) of this 
                Act.
          (C) In this paragraph, the term ``defense article'' 
        means an item designated by the President pursuant to 
        subsection (a)(1).
          (6) The President shall ensure that any major defense 
        equipment that is listed on the 600 series of the 
        Commerce Control List contained in Supplement No. 1 to 
        part 774 of subtitle B of title 15, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, shall continue to be subject to the 
        notification and reporting requirements of the 
        following provisions of law:
                  (A) Section 516(f) of the Foreign Assistance 
                Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321j(f)).
                  (B) Section 655 of the Foreign Assistance Act 
                of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2415).
                  (C) Section 3(d)(3)(A) of this Act.
                  (D) Section 25 of this Act.
                  (E) Section 36(b), (c), and (d) of this Act.
  (g)(1) The President shall develop appropriate mechanisms to 
identify, in connection with the export licensing process under 
this section--
          (A) persons who are the subject of an indictment for, 
        or have been convicted of, a violation under--
                  (i) this section,
                  (ii) section 11 of the Export Administration 
                Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2410),
                  (iii) section 793, 794, or 798 of title 18, 
                United States Code (relating to espionage 
                involving defense or classified information) or 
                section 2339A of such title (relating to 
                providing material support to terrorists),
                  (iv) section 16 of the Trading with the Enemy 
                Act (50 U.S.C. App. 16),
                  (v) section 206 of the International 
                Emergency Economic Powers Act (relating to 
                foreign assets controls; 50 U.S.C. App. 1705),
                  (vi) section 30A of the Securities Exchange 
                Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78dd1) or section 104 of 
                the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (15 U.S.C. 
                78dd2),
                  (vii) chapter 105 of title 18, United States 
                Code (relating to sabotage),
                  (viii) section 4(b) of the Internal Security 
                Act of 1950 (relating to communication of 
                classified information; 50 U.S.C. 783(b)),
                  (ix) section 57, 92, 101, 104, 222, 224, 225, 
                or 226 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 
                U.S.C. 2077, 2122, 2131, 2134, 2272, 2274, 
                2275, and 2276),
                  (x) section 601 of the National Security Act 
                of 1947 (relating to intelligence identities 
                protection; 50 U.S.C. 421),
                  (xi) section 603 (b) or (c) of the 
                Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986 (22 
                U.S.C. 5113 (b) and (c)), or
                  (xii) sections 3, 4, 5, and 6 of the 
                Prevention of Terrorist Access to Destructive 
                Weapons Act of 2004, relating to missile 
                systems designed to destroy aircraft (18 U.S.C. 
                2332g), prohibitions governing atomic weapons 
                (42 U.S.C. 2122), radiological dispersal 
                devices (18 U.S.C. 2332h), and variola virus 
                (18 U.S.C. 175c);
          (B) persons who are the subject of an indictment or 
        have been convicted under section 371 of title 18, 
        United States Code, for conspiracy to violate any of 
        the statutes cited in subparagraph (A); and
          (C) persons who are ineligible--
                  (i) to contract with,
                  (ii) to receive a license or other form of 
                authorization to export from, or
                  (iii) to receive a license or other form of 
                authorization to import defense articles or 
                defense services from,
        any agency of the United States Government.
  (2) The President shall require that each applicant for a 
license to export an item on the United States Munitions List 
identify in the application all consignees and freight 
forwarders involved in the proposed export.
  (3) If the President determines--
          (A) that an applicant for a license to export under 
        this section is the subject of an indictment for a 
        violation of any of the statutes cited in paragraph 
        (1),
          (B) that there is reasonable cause to believe that an 
        applicant for a license to export under this section 
        has violated any of the statutes cited in paragraph 
        (1), or
          (C) that an applicant for a license to export under 
        this section is ineligible to contract with, or to 
        receive a license or other form of authorization to 
        import defense articles or defense services from, any 
        agency of the United States Government,
the President may disapprove the application. The President 
shall consider requests by the Secretary of the Treasury to 
disapprove any export license application based on these 
criteria.
  (4) A license to export an item on the United States 
Munitions List may not be issued to a person--
          (A) if that person, or any party to the export, has 
        been convicted of violating a statute cited in 
        paragraph (1), or
          (B) if that person, or any party to the export, is at 
        the time of the license review ineligible to receive 
        export licenses (or other forms of authorization to 
        export) from any agency of the United States 
        Government,
except as may be determined on a case-by-case basis by the 
President, after consultation with the Secretary of the 
Treasury, after a thorough review of the circumstances 
surrounding the conviction or ineligibility to export and a 
finding by the President that appropriate steps have been taken 
to mitigate any law enforcement concerns.
  (5) A license to export an item on the United States 
Munitions List may not be issued to a foreign person (other 
than a foreign government).
  (6) The President may require a license (or other form of 
authorization) before any item on the United States Munitions 
List is sold or otherwise transferred to the control or 
possession of a foreign person or a person acting on behalf of 
a foreign person.
  (7) The President shall, in coordination with law enforcement 
and national security agencies, develop standards for 
identifying high-risk exports for regular end-use verification. 
These standards shall be published in the Federal Register and 
the initial standards shall be published not later than October 
1, 1988.
  (8) Upon request of the Secretary of State, the Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of the Treasury shall detail to the 
office primarily responsible for export licensing functions 
under this section, on a nonreimbursable basis, personnel with 
appropriate expertise to assist in the initial screening of 
applications for export licenses under this section in order to 
determine the need for further review of those applications for 
foreign policy, national security, and law enforcement 
concerns.
  (9) For purposes of this subsection--
          (A) the term ``foreign corporation'' means a 
        corporation that is not incorporated in the United 
        States;
          (B) the term ``foreign government'' includes any 
        agency or subdivision of a foreign government, 
        including an official mission of a foreign government;
          (C) the term ``foreign person'' means any person who 
        is not a citizen or national of the United States or 
        lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent 
        residence under the Immigration and Nationality Act, 
        and includes foreign corporations, international 
        organizations, and foreign governments;
          (D) the term ``party to the export'' means--
                  (i) the president, the chief executive 
                officer, and other senior officers of the 
                license applicant;
                  (ii) the freight forwarders or designated 
                exporting agent of the license application; and
                  (iii) any consignee or end user of any item 
                to be exported; and
          (E) the term ``person'' means a natural person as 
        well as a corporation, business association, 
        partnership, society, trust, or any other entity, 
        organization, or group, including governmental 
        entities.
  (h) The designation by the President (or by an official to 
whom the President's functions under subsection (a) have been 
duly delegated), in regulations issued under this section, of 
items as defense articles or defense services for purposes of 
this section shall not be subject to judicial review.
  (i) As prescribed in regulations issued under this section, a 
United States person to whom a license has been granted to 
export an item on the United States Munitions List shall, not 
later than 15 days after the item is exported, submit to the 
Department of State a report containing all shipment 
information, including a description of the item and the 
quantity, value, port of exit, and end-user and country of 
destination of the item.
  (j) Requirements Relating to [Country] Exemptions for 
Licensing of Defense Items for Export [to Foreign Countries].--
          (1) Requirement for bilateral agreement.--
                  (A) In general.--The President may utilize 
                the regulatory or other authority pursuant to 
                this Act to exempt [a foreign country] the 
                North Atlantic Treaty Organization, any member 
                country of that Organization, the Republic of 
                Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, or Israel 
                from the licensing requirements of this Act 
                with respect to exports of defense items 
                (except that the President may not so exempt 
                such Organization, member country, or other 
                country that is not eligible to acquire defense 
                items under any other provision of law) only if 
                the United States Government has concluded a 
                binding bilateral agreement with [the foreign 
                country] such Organization, member country, or 
                other country. Such agreement shall--
                          (i) meet the requirements set forth 
                        in paragraph (2); and
                          (ii) be implemented by the United 
                        States and [the foreign country] such 
                        Organization, member country, or other 
                        country in a manner that is legally-
                        binding [under their domestic laws].
                  (B) Exception for canada.--The requirement to 
                conclude a bilateral agreement in accordance 
                with subparagraph (A) shall not apply with 
                respect to an exemption for Canada from the 
                licensing requirements of this Act for the 
                export of defense items.
                  (C) Exception for defense trade cooperation 
                treaties.--
                          (i) In general.--The requirement to 
                        conclude a bilateral agreement in 
                        accordance with subparagraph (A) shall 
                        not apply with respect to an exemption 
                        from the licensing requirements of this 
                        Act for the export of defense items to 
                        give effect to any of the following 
                        defense trade cooperation treaties, 
                        provided that the treaty has entered 
                        into force pursuant to article II, 
                        section 2, clause 2 of the Constitution 
                        of the United States:
                                  (I) The Treaty Between the 
                                Government of the United States 
                                of America and the Government 
                                of the United Kingdom of Great 
                                Britain and Northern Ireland 
                                Concerning Defense Trade 
                                Cooperation, done at Washington 
                                and London on June 21 and 26, 
                                2007 (and any implementing 
                                arrangement thereto).
                                  (II) The Treaty Between the 
                                Government of the United States 
                                of America and the Government 
                                of Australia Concerning Defense 
                                Trade Cooperation, done at 
                                Sydney September 5, 2007 (and 
                                any implementing arrangement 
                                thereto).
                          (ii) Limitation of scope.--The United 
                        States shall exempt from the scope of a 
                        treaty referred to in clause (i)--
                                  (I) complete rocket systems 
                                (including ballistic missile 
                                systems, space launch vehicles, 
                                and sounding rockets) or 
                                complete unmanned aerial 
                                vehicle systems (including 
                                cruise missile systems, target 
                                drones, and reconnaissance 
                                drones) capable of delivering 
                                at least a 500 kilogram payload 
                                to a range of 300 kilometers, 
                                and associated production 
                                facilities, software, or 
                                technology for these systems, 
                                as defined in the Missile 
                                Technology Control Regime Annex 
                                Category I, Item 1;
                                  (II) individual rocket 
                                stages, re-entry vehicles and 
                                equipment, solid or liquid 
                                propellant motors or engines, 
                                guidance sets, thrust vector 
                                control systems, and associated 
                                production facilities, 
                                software, and technology, as 
                                defined in the Missile 
                                Technology Control Regime Annex 
                                Category I, Item 2;
                                  (III) defense articles and 
                                defense services listed in the 
                                Missile Technology Control 
                                Regime Annex Category II that 
                                are for use in rocket systems, 
                                as that term is used in such 
                                Annex, including associated 
                                production facilities, 
                                software, or technology;
                                  (IV) toxicological agents, 
                                biological agents, and 
                                associated equipment, as listed 
                                in the United States Munitions 
                                List (part 121.1 of chapter I 
                                of title 22, Code of Federal 
                                Regulations), Category XIV, 
                                subcategories (a), (b), (f)(1), 
                                (i), (j) as it pertains to 
                                (f)(1), (l) as it pertains to 
                                (f)(1), and (m) as it pertains 
                                to all of the subcategories 
                                cited in this paragraph;
                                  (V) defense articles and 
                                defense services specific to 
                                the design and testing of 
                                nuclear weapons which are 
                                controlled under United States 
                                Munitions List Category XVI(a) 
                                and (b), along with associated 
                                defense articles in Category 
                                XVI(d) and technology in 
                                Category XVI(e);
                                  (VI) with regard to the 
                                treaty cited in clause (i)(I), 
                                defense articles and defense 
                                services that the United States 
                                controls under the United 
                                States Munitions List that are 
                                not controlled by the United 
                                Kingdom, as defined in the 
                                United Kingdom Military List or 
                                Annex 4 to the United Kingdom 
                                Dual Use List, or any successor 
                                lists thereto; and
                                  (VII) with regard to the 
                                treaty cited in clause (i)(II), 
                                defense articles for which 
                                Australian laws, regulations, 
                                or other commitments would 
                                prevent Australia from 
                                enforcing the control measures 
                                specified in such treaty.
          (2) Requirements of bilateral agreement.--A bilateral 
        agreement referred to in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) shall[, at a minimum,] require [the 
                foreign country] the Organization, member 
                country, or other country referred to in 
                paragraph (1), as necessary, [to revise its 
                policies and practices, and promulgate or enact 
                necessary modifications to its laws and 
                regulations to establish] to establish and 
                maintain an export control regime that is at 
                least comparable to United States law, 
                regulation, and policy requiring--
                          (i) conditions on the handling of all 
                        United States-origin defense items 
                        exported to [the foreign country] such 
                        Organization, member country, or other 
                        country, including prior written United 
                        States Government approval for any 
                        reexports to third countries;
                          (ii) end-use and [retransfer control 
                        commitments, including securing] 
                        retransfer controls that secure binding 
                        end-use and retransfer control 
                        commitments from all end-users, 
                        including such documentation as is 
                        needed in order to ensure compliance 
                        and enforcement, with respect to such 
                        United States-origin defense items;
                          (iii) establishment of a procedure 
                        comparable to a ``watchlist'' (if such 
                        a watchlist does not exist) and full 
                        cooperation with United States 
                        Government law enforcement agencies to 
                        allow for sharing of export and import 
                        documentation and background 
                        information on foreign businesses and 
                        individuals employed by or otherwise 
                        connected to those businesses; and
                          (iv) establishment of a list of 
                        controlled defense items to ensure 
                        coverage of those items to be exported 
                        under the exemption; and
                  (B) should[, at a minimum,] require [the 
                foreign country] the Organization, member 
                country, or other country referred to in 
                paragraph (1), as necessary, [to revise its 
                policies and practices, and promulgate or enact 
                necessary modifications to its laws and 
                regulations] to establish an export control 
                regime that is at least comparable to United 
                States law, regulation, and policy regarding--
                          (i) controls on the export of 
                        tangible or intangible technology, 
                        including via fax, phone, and 
                        electronic media;
                          (ii) appropriate controls on 
                        unclassified information relating to 
                        defense items exported to foreign 
                        nationals;
                          (iii) controls on international arms 
                        trafficking and brokering;
                          (iv) cooperation with United States 
                        Government agencies, including 
                        intelligence agencies, to combat 
                        efforts by third countries to acquire 
                        defense items, the export of which to 
                        such countries would not be authorized 
                        pursuant to the export control regimes 
                        of [the foreign country] the member 
                        country or other country and the United 
                        States; and
                          (v) violations of export control 
                        laws, and penalties for such 
                        violations.
          (3) Advance certification.--Not less than 30 days 
        before authorizing an exemption for [a foreign country] 
        the Organization, member country, or other country 
        referred to in paragraph (1) from the licensing 
        requirements of this Act for the export of defense 
        items, the President shall transmit to the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a 
        certification that--
                  (A) the United States has entered into a 
                bilateral agreement with [that foreign country] 
                such Organization, member country, or other 
                country satisfying all requirements set forth 
                in paragraph (2);
                  (B) [the foreign country] such Organization, 
                member country, or other country [has 
                promulgated or enacted all necessary 
                modifications to its laws and regulations to 
                comply] has taken such actions to comply with 
                its obligations under the bilateral agreement 
                with the United States; and
                  (C) the appropriate congressional committees 
                will continue to receive notifications pursuant 
                to the authorities, procedures, and practices 
                of section 36 of this Act for defense exports 
                to [a foreign country] such Organization, 
                member country, or other country to which that 
                section would apply and without regard to any 
                form of defense export licensing exemption 
                otherwise available for [that country] such 
                Organization, member country, or other country.
          (4) Definitions.--In this section:
                  (A) Defense items.--The term ``defense 
                items'' means defense articles, defense 
                services, and related technical data.
                  (B) Appropriate congressional committees.--
                The term ``appropriate congressional 
                committees'' means--
                          (i) the Committee on Foreign Affairs 
                        and the Committee on Appropriations of 
                        the House of Representatives; and
                          (ii) the Committee on Foreign 
                        Relations and the Committee on 
                        Appropriations of the Senate.
  (k) Licensing of Certain Commerce-Controlled Items.--
          (1) In general.--A license or other approval from the 
        Department of State granted in accordance with this 
        section may also authorize the export of items subject 
        to the Export Administration Regulations if such items 
        are to be used in or with defense articles controlled 
        on the United States Munitions List.
          (2) Other requirements.--The following requirements 
        shall apply with respect to a license or other approval 
        to authorize the export of items subject to the Export 
        Administration Regulations under paragraph (1):
                  (A) Separate approval from the Department of 
                Commerce shall not be required for such items 
                if such items are approved for export under a 
                Department of State license or other approval.
                  (B) Such items subject to the Export 
                Administration Regulations that are exported 
                pursuant to a Department of State license or 
                other approval would remain under the 
                jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce with 
                respect to any subsequent transactions.
                  (C) The inclusion of the term ``subject to 
                the EAR'' or any similar term on a Department 
                of State license or approval shall not affect 
                the jurisdiction with respect to such items.
          (3) Definition.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``Export Administration Regulations'' means--
                  (A) the Export Administration Regulations as 
                maintained and amended under the authority of 
                the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
                (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.); or
                  (B) any successor regulations.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 4--GENERAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 42. General Provisions.--(a) In carrying out this Act, 
special emphasis shall be placed on procurement in the United 
States on a competitive basis, but, subject to the provisions 
of subsection (b) of this section, consideration shall also be 
given to coproduction or licensed production outside the United 
States of defense articles of United States origin when such 
production best serves the foreign policy, national security, 
and economy of the United States. In evaluating any sale 
proposed to be made pursuant to this Act, there shall be taken 
into consideration (A) the extent to which the proposed sale 
damages or infringes upon licensing arrangements whereby United 
States entities have granted licenses for the manufacture of 
the defense articles selected by the purchasing country to 
entities located in friendly foreign countries, which licenses 
result in financial returns to the United States, (B) the 
portion of the defense articles so manufactured which is of 
United States origin, and (C) whether, and the extent to which, 
such sale might contribute to an arms race, aid in the 
development of weapons of mass destruction, support 
international terrorism, increase the possibility of outbreak 
or escalation of conflict, or prejudice the development of 
bilateral or multilateral arms control or nonproliferation 
agreements or other arrangements.
  (b) No credit sale shall be extended under section 23, and no 
guarantee shall be issued under section 24, in any case 
involving coproduction or licensed, production outside the 
United States of any defense article of United States origin 
unless the Secretary of State shall, in advance of any such 
transaction, advise the appropriate committees of the Congress 
and furnish the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the 
President of the Senate with full information regarding the 
proposed transaction, including, but not limited to, a 
description of the particular defense article or articles which 
would be produced under license or coproduced outside the 
United States, the estimated value of such production or 
coproduction, and the probable impact of the proposed 
transaction on employment and production within the United 
States.
  (c) Funds made available under this Act may be used for 
procurement outside the United States only if the President 
determines that such procurement will not result in adverse 
effects upon the economy of the United States or the industrial 
mobilization base, with special reference to any areas of labor 
surplus or to the net position of the United States in its 
balance of payments with the rest of the world, which outweigh 
the economic or other advantages to the United States of less 
costly procurement outside the United States.
  (d)(1) With respect to sales and guaranties under sections 
21, 22, 23, 24, 29, and 30 the Secretary of Defense shall, 
under the direction of the President, have primary 
responsibility for--
          (A) the determination of military end-item 
        requirements;
          (B) the procurement of military equipment in a manner 
        which permits its integration with service programs;
          (C) the supervision of the training of foreign 
        military personnel;
          (D) the movement and delivery of military end-items; 
        and
          (E) within the Department of Defense, the performance 
        of any other functions with respect to sales and 
        guaranties.
  (2) The establishment of priorities in the procurement, 
delivery, and allocation of military equipment shall, under the 
direction of the President, be determined by the Secretary of 
Defense.
  (e)(1) Each contract for sale entered into under sections 21, 
22, 29, and 30 of this Act, and each contract entered into 
under section 27(d) of this Act, shall provide that such 
contract may be canceled in whole or in part, or its execution 
suspended, by the United States at any time under unusual or 
compelling circumstances if the national interest so requires.
  (2)(A) Each export license issued under section 38 of this 
Act shall provide that such license may be revoked, suspended, 
or amended by the Secretary of State, without prior notice, 
whenever the Secretary deems such action to be advisable.
  (B) Nothing in this paragraph may be construed as limiting 
the regulatory authority of the President under this Act.
  (3) There are authorized to be appropriated from time to time 
such sums as may be necessary (A) to refund moneys received 
from purchasers under contracts of sale entered into under 
sections 21, 22, 29, and 30 of this Act, or under contracts 
entered into under sec. 27(d) of this Act, that are canceled or 
suspended under this subsection to the extent such moneys have 
previously been disbursed to private contractors and United 
States Government agencies for work in progress, and (B) to pay 
such damages and costs that accrue from the corresponding 
cancellation or suspension of the existing procurement 
contracts or United States Government agency work orders 
involved.
  (f) The President shall, to the maximum extent possible and 
consistent with the purposes of this Act, use civilian contract 
personnel in any foreign country to perform defense services 
sold under this Act.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


             DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2005



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
                                TITLE X

OTHER MATTERS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 2--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                    GENERAL PROVISIONS, THIS CHAPTER

  Sec. 12001. (a)(1) Notwithstanding section 514 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h), the President may 
transfer to Israel, in exchange for concessions to be 
negotiated by the Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of 
the Secretary of State, any or all of the items described in 
paragraph (2).
  (2) The items referred to in paragraph (1) are armor, 
artillery, automatic weapons ammunition, missiles, and other 
munitions that--
          (A) are obsolete or surplus items;
          (B) are in the inventory of the Department of 
        Defense;
          (C) are intended for use as reserve stocks for 
        Israel; and
          (D) are located in a stockpile in Israel.
  (b) The value of concessions negotiated pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall be at least equal to the fair market value 
of the items transferred. The concessions may include cash 
compensation, services, waiver of charges otherwise payable by 
the United States, and other items of value.
  (c) Not later than 30 days before making a transfer under the 
authority of this section, the President shall transmit a 
notification of the proposed transfer to the Committees on 
Foreign Relations and Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committees on International Relations and Armed Services of the 
House of Representatives. The notification shall identify the 
items to be transferred and the concessions to be received.
  (d) No transfer may be made under the authority of this 
section after September 30, [2020] 2021.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                    ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE IV--GENERAL PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[public annual report on world military expenditures and arms transfers

  [Sec. 404. Not later than December 31 of each year, the 
Secretary of State shall publish an unclassified report on 
world military expenditures and arms transfers. Such report 
shall provide detailed, comprehensive, and statistical 
information regarding military expenditures, arms transfers, 
armed forces, and related economic data for each country of the 
world. In addition, such report shall include pertinent in-
depth analyses as well as highlights with respect to arms 
transfers and proliferation trends and initiatives affecting 
such developments.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                           PUBLIC LAW 94-304

AN ACT To establish a Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
  [Sec. 5. In order to assist the Commission in carrying out 
its duties, the President shall submit to the Commission an 
annual report, which shall include (1) a detailed survey of 
actions by the signatories of the Final Act reflecting 
compliance with or violation of the provisions of the Final 
Act, and (2) a listing and description of present or planned 
programs and activities of the appropriate agencies of the 
executive branch and private organizations aimed at taking 
advantage of the provisions of the Final Act to expand East-
West economic cooperation and to promote a greater interchange 
of people and ideas between East and West.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


 SECTION 502 OF THE INTERNATIONAL SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION 
                              ACT OF 1985

SEC. 502. COORDINATION OF ALL UNITED STATES TERRORISM-RELATED 
                    ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

  (a) Coordination.--The Secretary of State shall be 
responsible for coordinating all assistance related to 
international terrorism which is provided by the United States 
Government to foreign countries.
  [(b) Reports.--Not later than February 1 each year, the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with appropriate United 
States Government agencies, shall report to the appropriate 
committees of the Congress on the assistance related to 
international terrorism which was provided by the United States 
Government during the preceding fiscal year. Such reports may 
be provided on a classified basis to the extent necessary, and 
shall specify the amount and nature of the assistance 
provided.]
  [(c)] (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing contained in this 
section shall be construed to limit or impair the authority or 
responsibility of any other Federal agency with respect to law 
enforcement, domestic security operations, or intelligence 
activities as defined in Executive Order 12333.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                      TITLE 1, UNITED STATES CODE



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
  CHAPTER 2--ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT; REPEALS; 
SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 112b. United States international agreements; transmission to 
                    Congress

  (a) The Secretary of State shall transmit to the Congress the 
text of any international agreement (including the text of any 
oral international agreement, which agreement shall be reduced 
to writing), other than a treaty, to which the United States is 
a party as soon as practicable after such agreement has entered 
into force with respect to the United States but in no event 
later than sixty days thereafter. However, any such agreement 
the immediate public disclosure of which would, in the opinion 
of the President, be prejudicial to the national security of 
the United States shall not be so transmitted to the Congress 
but shall be transmitted to the Committee on Foreign Relations 
of the Senate and the [Committee on International Relations] 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives 
under an appropriate injunction of secrecy to be removed only 
upon due notice from the President. Any department or agency of 
the United States Government which enters into any 
international agreement on behalf of the United States shall 
transmit to the Department of State the text of such agreement 
not later than twenty days after such agreement has been 
signed.
  [(b) Not later than March 1, 1979, and at yearly intervals 
thereafter, the President shall, under his own signature, 
transmit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the 
chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a 
report with respect to each international agreement which, 
during the preceding year, was transmitted to the Congress 
after the expiration of the 60-day period referred to in the 
first sentence of subsection (a), describing fully and 
completely the reasons for the late transmittal.]
  (b) Each department or agency of the United States Government 
that enters into any international agreement described in 
subsection (a) on behalf of the United States, shall designate 
a Chief International Agreements Officer, who--
          (1) shall be a current employee of such department or 
        agency;
          (2) shall serve concurrently as Chief International 
        Agreements Officer; and
          (3) subject to the authority of the head of such 
        department or agency, shall have department or agency-
        wide responsibility for efficient and appropriate 
        compliance with subsection (a) to transmit the text of 
        any international agreement to the Department of State 
        not later than 20 days after such agreement has been 
        signed.
  (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an 
international agreement may not be signed or otherwise 
concluded on behalf of the United States without prior 
consultation with the Secretary of State. Such consultation may 
encompass a class of agreements rather than a particular 
agreement.
  (d)(1) The Secretary of State shall annually submit to 
Congress a report that contains an index of all international 
agreements, listed by country, date, title, and summary of each 
such agreement (including a description of the duration of 
activities under the agreement and the agreement itself), that 
the United States--
          (A) has signed, proclaimed, or with reference to 
        which any other final formality has been executed, or 
        that has been extended or otherwise modified, during 
        the preceding calendar year; and
          (B) has not been published, or is not proposed to be 
        published, in the compilation entitled ``United States 
        Treaties and Other International Agreements''.
  (2) The report described in paragraph (1) may be submitted in 
classified form.
  (e)(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of State shall 
determine for and within the executive branch whether an 
arrangement constitutes an international agreement within the 
meaning of this section.
  (2)(A) An arrangement shall constitute an international 
agreement within the meaning of this section (other than 
subsection (c)) irrespective of the duration of activities 
under the arrangement or the arrangement itself.
  (B) Arrangements that constitute an international agreement 
within the meaning of this section (other than subsection (c)) 
include the following:
          (i) A bilateral or multilateral counterterrorism 
        agreement.
          (ii) A bilateral agreement with a country that is 
        subject to a determination under section 6(j)(1)(A) of 
        the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 
        2405(j)(1)(A)), section 620A(a) of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2371(a)), or section 
        40(d) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
        2780(d)).
  (f) The President shall, through the Secretary of State, 
promulgate such rules and regulations as may be necessary to 
carry out this section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


  SEAN AND DAVID GOLDMAN INTERNATIONAL CHILD ABDUCTION PREVENTION AND 
                           RETURN ACT OF 2014



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
                  TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE ACTIONS

SEC. 101. ANNUAL REPORT.

  (a) In general.--Not later than April 30 of each year, the 
Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees an Annual Report on International 
Child Abduction. The Secretary shall post the Annual Report to 
the publicly accessible website of the Department of State.
  (b) Contents.--Each Annual Report shall include--
          (1) a list of all countries in which there were 1 or 
        more abduction cases, during the preceding calendar 
        year, relating to a child whose habitual residence is 
        the United States, including a description of whether 
        each such country--
                  (A) is a Convention country;
                  (B) is a bilateral procedures country;
                  (C) has other procedures for resolving such 
                abductions; or
                  (D) adheres to no protocols with respect to 
                child abduction;
          (2) for each country with respect to which there were 
        5 or more pending abduction cases, during the preceding 
        year, relating to a child whose habitual residence is 
        the United States--
                  (A) the number of such new abduction and 
                access cases, respectively, reported during the 
                preceding year and the number of children 
                involved;
                  (B) for Convention and bilateral procedures 
                countries--
                          (i) the number of abduction and 
                        access cases that the Central Authority 
                        of the United States transmitted to the 
                        Central Authority of such country; and
                          (ii) the number of abduction and 
                        access cases that were not submitted by 
                        the Central Authority to the judicial 
                        or administrative authority, as 
                        applicable, of such country;
                  (C) the reason for the delay in submission of 
                each case identified in subparagraph (B)(ii) by 
                the Central Authority of such country to the 
                judicial or administrative authority of that 
                country;
                  (D) the number of unresolved abduction and 
                access cases, respectively, the number of 
                children involved, and the length of time each 
                case has been pending;
                  (E) the number and percentage of unresolved 
                abduction cases in which law enforcement 
                authorities have--
                          (i) not located the abducted child;
                          (ii) failed to undertake serious 
                        efforts to locate the abducted child; 
                        and
                          (iii) failed to enforce a return 
                        order rendered by the judicial or 
                        administrative authorities of such 
                        country;
                  (F) the total number and the percentage of 
                the total number of abduction and access cases, 
                respectively, resolved during the preceding 
                year;
                  (G) recommendations to improve the resolution 
                of abduction and access cases; and
                  (H) the average time it takes to locate a 
                child;
          (3) the number of abducted children whose habitual 
        residence is in the United States and who were returned 
        to the United States from--
                  (A) Convention countries;
                  (B) bilateral procedures countries;
                  (C) countries having other procedures for 
                resolving such abductions; or
                  (D) countries adhering to no protocols with 
                respect to child abduction;
          (4) a list of Convention countries and bilateral 
        procedures countries that have failed to comply with 
        any of their obligations under the Hague Abduction 
        Convention or bilateral procedures, as applicable, with 
        respect to the resolution of abduction and access 
        cases;
          (5) a list of countries demonstrating a pattern of 
        noncompliance and a description of the criteria on 
        which the determination of a pattern of noncompliance 
        for each country is based;
          (6) information on efforts by the Secretary of State 
        to encourage non-Convention countries--
                  (A) to ratify or accede to the Hague 
                Abduction Convention;
                  (B) to enter into or implement other 
                bilateral procedures, including memoranda of 
                understanding, with the United States; and
                  (C) to address pending abduction and access 
                cases;
          (7) the number of cases resolved without abducted 
        children being returned to the United States from 
        Convention countries, bilateral procedures countries, 
        or other non-Convention countries, and number of 
        children involved in such cases;
          (8) a list of countries that became Convention 
        countries with respect to the United States during the 
        preceding year; [and]
          (9) information about efforts to seek resolution of 
        abduction cases of children whose habitual residence is 
        in the United States and whose abduction occurred 
        before the Hague Abduction Convention entered into 
        force with respect to the United States[.]; and
          (10) the total number of pending cases the Department 
        of State has assigned to case officers and number of 
        children involved for each country and as a total for 
        all countries.
  (c) Exceptions.--Unless a left-behind parent provides written 
permission to the Central Authority of the United States to 
include personally identifiable information about the parent or 
the child in the Annual Report, the Annual Report may not 
include any personally identifiable information about any such 
parent, child, or party to an abduction or access case 
involving such parent or child.
  (d) Additional Sections.--Each Annual Report shall also 
include--
          (1) information on the number of unresolved abduction 
        cases affecting military parents;
          (2) a description of the assistance offered to such 
        military parents;
          (3) information on the use of airlines in abductions, 
        voluntary airline practices to prevent abductions, and 
        recommendations for best airline practices to prevent 
        abductions;
          (4) information on actions taken by the Central 
        Authority of the United States to train domestic judges 
        in the application of the Hague Abduction Convention; 
        and
          (5) information on actions taken by the Central 
        Authority of the United States to train United States 
        Armed Forces legal assistance personnel, military 
        chaplains, and military family support center personnel 
        about--
                  (A) abductions;
                  (B) the risk of loss of contact with 
                children; and
                  (C) the legal means available to resolve such 
                cases.
  (e) Repeal of the Hague Abduction Convention Compliance 
Report.--Section 2803 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act of 1998 (42 U.S.C. 11611) is repealed.
  (f) Notification to Congress on Countries in Noncompliance.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary of State shall 
        include, in a separate section of the Annual Report, 
        the Secretary's determination, pursuant to the 
        provisions under section 202(b), of whether each 
        country listed in the report has engaged in a pattern 
        of noncompliance in cases of child abduction during the 
        preceding 12 months.
          (2) Contents.--The section described in paragraph 
        (1)--
                  (A) shall identify any action or actions 
                described in section 202(d) (or commensurate 
                action as provided in section 202(e)) that have 
                been taken by the Secretary with respect to 
                each country;
                  (B) shall describe the basis for the 
                Secretary's determination of the pattern of 
                noncompliance by each country;
                  (C) shall indicate whether noneconomic policy 
                options designed to resolve the pattern of 
                noncompliance have reasonably been exhausted, 
                including the consultations required under 
                section 203.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                      TITLE 54, UNITED STATES CODE



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SUBTITLE III--NATIONAL PRESERVATION PROGRAMS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  CHAPTER 3123--COMMISSION FOR THE PRESERVATION OF AMERICA'S HERITAGE 
ABROAD

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 312302. Declaration of national interest

  Because the fabric of a society is strengthened by visible 
reminders of the historical roots of the society, it is in the 
national interest to encourage the preservation and protection 
of the cemeteries, monuments, and historic buildings, and 
unimpeded access to those sites, associated with the foreign 
heritage of United States citizens.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 312304. Duties and powers; administrative support

  (a) Duties.--The Commission shall--
          (1) identify and publish a list of cemeteries, 
        monuments, and historic buildings located abroad that 
        are associated with the foreign heritage of United 
        States citizens from eastern and central Europe, 
        particularly cemeteries, monuments, and buildings that 
        are in danger of deterioration or destruction;
          (2) encourage the preservation and protection of 
        those cemeteries, monuments, [and historic buildings] 
        and historic buildings, and unimpeded access to those 
        sites by obtaining, in cooperation with the Secretary 
        of State, assurances from foreign governments that the 
        cemeteries, monuments, and buildings will be preserved 
        [and protected], protected, and made accessible; and
          (3) prepare and disseminate reports on the condition 
        of, and the progress toward preserving [and 
        protecting], protecting, and making accessible, those 
        cemeteries, monuments, and historic buildings.
  (b) Powers.--
          (1) Hold hearings, request attendance, take 
        testimony, and receive evidence.--The Commission or any 
        member it authorizes may, for the purposes of carrying 
        out this chapter, hold such hearings, sit and act at 
        such times and places, request such attendance, take 
        such testimony, and receive such evidence, as the 
        Commission considers appropriate.
          (2) Appoint personnel and fix pay.--The Commission 
        may appoint such personnel (subject to the provisions 
        of title 5 governing appointments in the competitive 
        service) and may fix the pay of such personnel (subject 
        to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of 
        chapter 53 of title 5), as the Commission considers 
        desirable.
          (3) Procure temporary and intermittent services.--The 
        Commission may procure temporary and intermittent 
        services to the same extent as is authorized by section 
        3109(b) of title 5, but at rates for individuals not to 
        exceed the daily equivalent of the maximum annual rate 
        of basic pay then in effect under section 5376 of title 
        5.
          (4) Detail personnel to commisison.--On request of 
        the Commission, the head of any Federal department or 
        agency, including the Secretary of State, may detail, 
        on a reimbursable basis, any of the personnel of that 
        department or agency to the Commission to assist it in 
        carrying out its duties under this chapter.
          (5) Secure information.--The Commission may secure 
        directly from any department or agency of the United 
        States, including the Department of State, any 
        information necessary to enable it to carry out this 
        chapter. On the request of the Chairman of the 
        Commission, the head of the department or agency shall 
        furnish the information to the Commission.
          (6) Gifts or donations.--The Commission may accept, 
        use, and dispose of gifts or donations of money or 
        property.
          (7) Use of mails.--The Commission may use the United 
        States mails in the same manner and on the same 
        conditions as other departments and agencies of the 
        United States.
  (c) Administrative Support.--The Administrator of General 
Services shall provide to the Commission on a reimbursable 
basis administrative support services as the Commission may 
request.

Sec. 312305. Reports

  As soon as practicable after the end of each fiscal year, the 
Commission shall transmit to the President and to the Committee 
on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report that 
includes--
          (1) a detailed statement of the activities and 
        accomplishments of the Commission during the fiscal 
        year; and
          (2) any recommendations of the Commission for 
        legislation and administrative actions.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                  [all]