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116th Congress }                                       { Rept. 116-203
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session   }                                       { part 1

======================================================================
 
            VETERANS EXPEDITED TSA SCREENING SAFE TRAVEL ACT

                                _______
                                

 September 12, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on 
            the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Thompson of Mississippi, from the Committee on Homeland Security, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3356]

    The Committee on Homeland Security, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 3356) to provide PreCheck to certain severely 
injured or disabled veterans, and for other purposes, having 
considered the same, report favorably thereon without amendment 
and recommend that the bill do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Purpose and Summary..............................................     1
Background and Need for Legislation..............................     2
Hearings.........................................................     2
Committee Consideration..........................................     2
Committee Votes..................................................     2
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     2
C.B.O. Estimate, New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and 
  Tax Expenditures...............................................     3
Federal Mandates Statement.......................................     3
Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives............     3
Duplicative Federal Programs.....................................     3
Congressional Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff 
  Benefits.......................................................
Advisory Committee Statement.....................................
Applicability to Legislative Branch..............................
Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation...................     3
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............     4
Committee Correspondence.........................................     7

                          Purpose and Summary

    The purpose of H.R. 3356, the ``Veterans Expedited TSA 
Screening Safe Travel Act'' is require the Transportation 
Security Administration (TSA) to provide PreCheck airport 
security screening to certain severely injured or disabled 
veterans.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    Today, the TSA's standard operating procedures for 
screening the public at an airport checkpoint can create undue 
hardship to certain veterans that were severely injured or 
disabled in service to the country; often, the prosthetics and 
devices these veterans rely on daily alarm when going through 
screening, requiring veterans to undergo secondary screening. 
For this population of traveler, undergoing the protocols for 
secondary screening can create physical and emotional stress. 
Given the Committee's interest in honoring and supporting the 
men and women who were severely injured in the course of 
serving in the Armed Forces, the Committee considered H.R. 
3356, a bill to provide certain severely disabled or disabled 
veterans access to TSA's PreCheck lanes and procedures to get 
through airport security screening more seamlessly. TSA's 
PreCheck lanes provide expedited screening for known travelers 
that are part of low-risk populations. Importantly, H.R. 3356 
would waive the cost for PreCheck program enrollment, currently 
$85, for eligible severely injured or disabled veterans, 
allowing them to take advantage of less invasive and strenuous 
procedures for alarm resolution.

                                Hearings

    For the purpose of section 103(i) of H. Res 6. Of the 116th 
Congress the following related hearings were held:
    On February 27, 2018, the Committee held a hearing entitled 
``TSA Outreach and Traveler Engagement'' and on June 4, 2019, a 
hearing entitled ``TSA Policies to Prevent Unlawful 
Profiling.''

                        Committee Consideration

    The Committee met on July 17, 2019, with a quorum being 
present, to consider H.R. 3356 and ordered the measure to be 
reported to the House with a favorable recommendation, without 
amendment, by unanimous consent.

                            Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires the Committee to list the recorded 
votes on the motion to report legislation and amendments 
thereto.
    No recorded votes were requested during consideration of 
H.R. 3356.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that the 
findings and recommendations of the Committee, based on 
oversight activities under clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, are incorporated in the 
descriptive portions of this report.

Congressional Budget Office Estimate New Budget Authority, Entitlement 
                    Authority, and Tax Expenditures

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 
308(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and with respect 
to requirements of clause (3)(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives and section 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee has requested 
but not received a cost estimate for this bill from the 
Director of Congressional Budget Office.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    An estimate of Federal mandates prepared by the Director of 
the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to section 423 of the 
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act was not made available to the 
Committee in time for the filing of this report. The Chairman 
of the Committee shall cause such estimate to be printed in the 
Congressional Record upon its receipt by the Committee.

                      Duplicative Federal Programs

    Pursuant to clause 3(c) of rule XIII, the Committee finds 
that H.R. 3256 does not contain any provision that establishes 
or reauthorizes a program known to be duplicative of another 
Federal program.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    The Committee states that pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, H.R. 
3356 would require the TSA to waive the enrollment fee for 
PreCheck program enrollment for certain severely injured or 
disabled veterans.

                          Advisory on Earmarks

    In compliance with rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, this bill, as reported, contains no 
congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff 
benefits as defined in clause 9(d), 9(e), or 9(f) of the rule 
XXI.

             Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation


Section 1. Short title

    This Act may be cited as the ``Veterans Expedited TSA 
Screening Safe Travel Act'' or the ``VETS Safe Travel Act''.

Sec 2. Availability of Precheck Program to certain severely injured or 
        disabled veterans

    This section amends Chapter 449 of subtitle VII of Title 49 
to create a new section that provides the availability of the 
PreCheck Program to certain severely injured and disabled 
veterans. The section describes the criteria for eligibility 
for PreCheck enrollment, at no cost to the veteran, under this 
Act as a veteran determined by the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs (1) to have had a loss, or loss of use, of a limb, or 
to have become paralyzed or partially paralyzed and as a result 
of that loss or paralyzation, to require the use of a 
wheelchair, prosthetic, or assistive device to aid with 
mobility; or (2) is a veteran determined by the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs to have incurred permanent blindness.
    Additionally, the subsection requires that (1) within 180 
days after the date of enactment the Administrator of TSA and 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs jointly develop and implement 
a process for providing TSA with access to information needed 
to validate the eligibility of the veteran enrolling in the 
PreCheck Program and (2) submit to Congress a report on the 
status of implementing the process developed by the TSA 
Administrator and Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (new matter is 
printed in italic and existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

                      TITLE 49, UNITED STATES CODE




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SUBTITLE VII--AVIATION PROGRAMS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART A--AIR COMMERCE AND SAFETY

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBPART III--SAFETY

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 449--SECURITY

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



SUBCHAPTER I--REQUIREMENTS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



Sec. 44927. Expedited screening for severely injured or disabled 
                    members of the Armed Forces and severely injured or 
                    disabled veterans

  (a) Passenger Screening.--The Administrator of the 
Transportation Security Administration, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, 
and organizations identified by the Secretaries of Defense and 
Veterans Affairs that advocate on behalf of severely injured or 
disabled members of the Armed Forces and severely injured or 
disabled veterans, shall develop and implement a process to 
support and facilitate the ease of travel and to the extent 
possible provide expedited passenger screening services for 
severely injured or disabled members of the Armed Forces and 
severely injured or disabled veterans through passenger 
screening. The process shall be designed to offer the 
individual private screening to the maximum extent practicable.
  (b) Operations Center.--As part of the process under 
subsection (a), the Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration shall maintain an operations center to 
provide support and facilitate the movement of severely injured 
or disabled members of the Armed Forces and severely injured or 
disabled veterans through passenger screening prior to boarding 
a passenger aircraft operated by an air carrier or foreign air 
carrier in air transportation or intrastate air transportation.
  (c) Protocols.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration shall--
          (1) establish and publish protocols, in consultation 
        with the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs, and the organizations identified 
        under subsection (a), under which a severely injured or 
        disabled member of the Armed Forces or severely injured 
        or disabled veteran, or the family member or other 
        representative of such member or veteran, may contact 
        the operations center maintained under subsection (b) 
        and request the expedited passenger screening services 
        described in subsection (a) for that member or veteran; 
        and
          (2) upon receipt of a request under paragraph (1), 
        require the operations center to notify the appropriate 
        Federal Security Director of the request for expedited 
        passenger screening services, as described in 
        subsection (a), for that member or veteran.
  (d) Training.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration shall integrate training on the 
protocols established under subsection (c) into the training 
provided to all employees who will regularly provide the 
passenger screening services described in subsection (a).
  (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
affect the authority of the Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration to require additional screening of a 
severely injured or disabled member of the Armed Forces, a 
severely injured or disabled veteran, or their accompanying 
family members or nonmedical attendants, if intelligence, law 
enforcement, or other information indicates that additional 
screening is necessary.
  (f) Reports.--Each year, the Administrator of the 
Transportation Security Administration shall submit to Congress 
a report on the implementation of this section. Each report 
shall include each of the following:
          (1) Information on the training provided under 
        subsection (d).
          (2) Information on the consultations between the 
        Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration and the organizations identified under 
        subsection (a).
          (3) The number of people who accessed the operations 
        center during the period covered by the report.
          (4) Such other information as the Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration determines 
        is appropriate.
  (g) Availability of Precheck Program to Certain Severely 
Injured or Disabled Veterans.--
          (1) In general.--A veteran described in paragraph (2) 
        is eligible for security screening under the PreCheck 
        Program under section 44919 at no cost to the veteran 
        if the veteran is able to meet the background check and 
        other security requirements for participation in the 
        program.
          (2) Veterans described.--A veteran described in this 
        paragraph is--
                  (A) a veteran determined by the Secretary of 
                Veterans Affairs--
                          (i) to have had a loss, or loss of 
                        use, of a limb, or to have become 
                        paralyzed or partially paralyzed; and
                          (ii) as a result of that loss or 
                        paralyzation, to require the use of a 
                        wheelchair, prosthetic, or other 
                        assistive device to aid with mobility; 
                        or
                  (B) a veteran determined by the Secretary of 
                Veterans Affairs to have incurred permanent 
                blindness.

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