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116th Congress   }                                 {      Rept. 116-21
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                 {            Part 1

======================================================================



 
           VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2019

                                _______
                                

 March 27, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

    Mr. Nadler, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                            DISSENTING VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 1585]

    The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 1585) to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act 
of 1994, and for other purposes, having considered the same, 
report favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend that 
the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Purpose and Summary..............................................    44
Background and Need for Legislation..............................    45
Hearings.........................................................    50
Committee Consideration..........................................    51
Committee Votes..................................................    51
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................    65
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures and Congressional 
  Budget Office Cost Estimate....................................    65
Duplication of Federal Programs..................................    65
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................    65
Advisory on Earmarks.............................................    65
Section-by-Section Analysis......................................    65
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............    77
Committee Correspondence.........................................   285
Dissenting Views...............................................301, 305

    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Violence Against 
Women Reauthorization Act of 2019''.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Universal definitions and grant conditions.

  TITLE I--ENHANCING LEGAL TOOLS TO COMBAT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
                 VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING

Sec. 101. Stop grants.
Sec. 102. Grants to improve the criminal justice response.
Sec. 103. Legal assistance for victims.
Sec. 104. Grants to support families in the justice system.
Sec. 105. Outreach and services to underserved populations grants.
Sec. 106. Criminal provisions.
Sec. 107. Rape survivor child custody.

                TITLE II--IMPROVING SERVICES FOR VICTIMS

Sec. 201. Sexual assault services program.
Sec. 202. Rural domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
stalking, and child abuse enforcement assistance program.
Sec. 203. Training and services to end violence against people with 
disabilities.
Sec. 204. Training and services to end abuse in later life.

     TITLE III--SERVICES, PROTECTION, AND JUSTICE FOR YOUNG VICTIMS

Sec. 301. Rape prevention and education grant.
Sec. 302. Creating hope through outreach, options, services, and 
education (CHOOSE) for children and youth.
Sec. 303. Grants to combat violent crimes on campuses.
Sec. 304. Combat online predators.

                 TITLE IV--VIOLENCE REDUCTION PRACTICES

Sec. 401. Study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention.
Sec. 402. Saving Money and Reducing Tragedies (SMART) through 
Prevention grants.

         TITLE V--STRENGTHENING THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS RESPONSE

Sec. 501. Grants to strengthen the healthcare systems response to 
domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking.

                    TITLE VI--SAFE HOMES FOR VICTIMS

Sec. 601. Housing protections for victims of domestic violence, dating 
violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
Sec. 602. Ensuring compliance and implementation; prohibiting 
retaliation against victims.
Sec. 603. Protecting the right to report crime from one's home.
Sec. 604. Transitional housing assistance grants for victims of 
domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
Sec. 605. Addressing the housing needs of victims of domestic violence, 
dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
Sec. 606. United States Housing Act of 1937 amendments.

                TITLE VII--ECONOMIC SECURITY FOR VICTIMS

Sec. 701. Findings.
Sec. 702. National Resource Center on workplace responses to assist 
victims of domestic and sexual violence.
Sec. 703. Entitlement to unemployment compensation for victims of 
sexual and other harassment and survivors of domestic violence, dating 
violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
Sec. 704. Study and reports on barriers to survivors' economic security 
access.
Sec. 705. GAO Study.
Sec. 706. Education and information programs for survivors.
Sec. 707. Severability.

               TITLE VIII--HOMICIDE REDUCTION INITIATIVES

Sec. 801. Prohibiting persons convicted of misdemeanor crimes against 
dating partners and persons subject to protection orders.
Sec. 802. Prohibiting stalkers and individuals subject to court order 
from possessing a firearm.

                   TITLE IX--SAFETY FOR INDIAN WOMEN

Sec. 901. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 902. Authorizing funding for the tribal access program.
Sec. 903. Tribal jurisdiction over crimes of domestic violence, dating 
violence, sexual violence, sex trafficking, stalking, and violence 
against law enforcement officers.
Sec. 904. Annual reporting requirements.

               TITLE X--OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

Sec. 1001. Establishment of Office on Violence Against Women.

      TITLE XI--IMPROVING CONDITIONS FOR WOMEN IN FEDERAL CUSTODY

Sec. 1101. Improving the treatment of primary caretaker parents and 
other individuals in federal prisons.
Sec. 1102. Public health and safety of women.

       TITLE XII--LAW ENFORCEMENT TOOLS TO ENHANCE PUBLIC SAFETY

Sec. 1201. Notification to law enforcement agencies of prohibited 
purchase or attempted purchase of a firearm.
Sec. 1202. Reporting of background check denials to state, local, and 
tribal authorities.
Sec. 1203. Special assistant U.S. attorneys and cross-deputized 
attorneys.

        TITLE XIII--CLOSING THE LAW ENFORCEMENT CONSENT LOOPHOLE

Sec. 1301. Short title.
Sec. 1302. Prohibition on engaging in sexual acts while acting under 
color of law.
Sec. 1303. Incentives for States.
Sec. 1304. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 1305. Definition.

                        TITLE XIV--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 1401. National stalker and domestic violence reduction.
Sec. 1402. Federal victim assistants reauthorization.
Sec. 1403. Child abuse training programs for judicial personnel and 
practitioners reauthorization.
Sec. 1404. Sex offender management.
Sec. 1405. Court-appointed special advocate program.
Sec. 1406. Rape kit backlog.
Sec. 1407. Sexual assault forensic exam program grants.

SEC. 2. UNIVERSAL DEFINITIONS AND GRANT CONDITIONS.

  Section 40002 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12291) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``In this title'' and inserting ``In 
                this title, including for the purpose of grants 
                authorized under this Act,'';
                  (B) by redesignating paragraph (34) through paragraph 
                (45) as paragraphs (41) through (52);
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (33) the following:
          ``(39) Internet enabled device.--The term `internet enabled 
        device' means devices that have a connection the Internet, send 
        and receive information and data, and maybe accessed via mobile 
        device technology, video technology, or computer technology, 
        away from the location where the device is installed, and may 
        include home automation systems, door locks, and thermostats.
          ``(40) Technological abuse.--The term `technological abuse' 
        means behavior intended to harm, threaten, intimidate, control, 
        stalk, harass, impersonate, or monitor, except as otherwise 
        permitted by law, another person, that occurs using the 
        Internet, internet enabled devices, social networking sites, 
        computers, mobile devices, cellular telephones, apps, location 
        tracking devices, instant messages, text messages, or other 
        forms of technology. Technological abuse may include--
                  ``(A) unwanted, repeated telephone calls, text 
                messages, instant messages, or social media posts;
                  ``(B) non-consensual accessing e-mail accounts, texts 
                or instant messaging accounts, social networking 
                accounts, or cellular telephone logs;
                  ``(C) controlling or restricting a person's ability 
                to access technology with the intent to isolate them 
                from support and social connection;
                  ``(D) using tracking devices or location tracking 
                software for the purpose of monitoring or stalking 
                another person's location;
                  ``(E) impersonating a person (including through the 
                use of spoofing technology in photo or video or the 
                creation of accounts under a false name) with the 
                intent to deceive or cause harm; or
                  ``(F) sharing or urging or compelling the sharing of 
                another person's private information, photographs, or 
                videos without their consent.'';
                  (D) in paragraph (19)(B), by striking ``and 
                probation'' and inserting ``probation , and vacatur or 
                expungement'';
                  (E) by redesignating paragraphs (13) through (33) as 
                paragraphs (18) through (38);
                  (F) by striking paragraph (11) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(13) Digital services.--The term `digital services' means 
        services, resources, information, support or referrals provided 
        through electronic communications platforms and media, whether 
        via mobile device technology, video technology, or computer 
        technology, including utilizing the internet, as well as any 
        other emerging communications technologies that are appropriate 
        for the purposes of providing services, resources, information, 
        support, or referrals for the benefit of victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
          ``(14) Economic abuse.--The term `economic abuse', in the 
        context of domestic violence, dating violence, and abuse in 
        later life, means behavior that is coercive, deceptive, or 
        unreasonably controls or restrains a person's ability to 
        acquire, use, or maintain economic resources to which they are 
        entitled, including using coercion, fraud, or manipulation to--
                  ``(A) restrict a person's access to money, assets, 
                credit, or financial information;
                  ``(B) unfairly use a person's personal economic 
                resources, including money, assets, and credit, for 
                one's own advantage; or
                  ``(C) exert undue influence over a person's financial 
                and economic behavior or decisions, including forcing 
                default on joint or other financial obligations, 
                exploiting powers of attorney, guardianship, or 
                conservatorship, or failing or neglecting to act in the 
                best interests of a person to whom one has a fiduciary 
                duty.
          ``(15) Elder abuse.--The term `elder abuse' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 2 of the Elder Abuse Prevention and 
        Prosecution Act. The terms `abuse,' `elder,' and `exploitation' 
        have the meanings given those terms in section 2011 of the 
        Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1397j).
          ``(16) Forced marriage.--The term `forced marriage' means a 
        marriage to which one or both parties do not or cannot consent, 
        and in which one or more elements of force, fraud, or coercion 
        is present. Forced marriage can be both a cause and a 
        consequence of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault or stalking.
          ``(17) Homeless.--The term `homeless' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 41403(6).'';
                  (G) by redesignating paragraphs (9) and (10) as 
                paragraphs (11) and (12), respectively;
                  (H) by amending paragraph (8) to read as follows:
          ``(10) Domestic violence.--The term `domestic violence' means 
        a pattern of behavior involving the use or attempted use of 
        physical, sexual, verbal, emotional, economic, or technological 
        abuse or any other coercive behavior committed, enabled, or 
        solicited to gain or maintain power and control over a victim, 
        by a person who--
                  ``(A) is a current or former spouse or dating partner 
                of the victim, or other person similarly situated to a 
                spouse of the victim under the family or domestic 
                violence laws of the jurisdiction;
                  ``(B) is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with 
                the victim as a spouse or dating partner, or other 
                person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim 
                under the family or domestic violence laws of the 
                jurisdiction;
                  ``(C) shares a child in common with the victim;
                  ``(D) is an adult family member of, or paid or 
                nonpaid caregiver for, a victim aged 50 or older or an 
                adult victim with disabilities; or
                  ``(E) commits acts against a youth or adult victim 
                who is protected from those acts under the family or 
                domestic violence laws of the jurisdiction.''.
                  (I) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as 
                paragraphs (8) and (9), respectively;
                  (J) by amending paragraph (5) to read as follows:
          ``(7) Court-based and court-related personnel.--The term 
        `court-based personnel' and `court-related personnel' means 
        persons working in the court, whether paid or volunteer, 
        including--
                  ``(A) clerks, special masters, domestic relations 
                officers, administrators, mediators, custody 
                evaluators, guardians ad litem, lawyers, negotiators, 
                probation, parole, interpreters, victim assistants, 
                victim advocates, and judicial, administrative, or any 
                other professionals or personnel similarly involved in 
                the legal process;
                  ``(B) court security personnel;
                  ``(C) personnel working in related, supplementary 
                offices or programs (such as child support 
                enforcement); and
                  ``(D) any other court-based or community-based 
                personnel having responsibilities or authority to 
                address domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking in the court system.''.
                  (K) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (6) respectively;
                  (L) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(3) Alternative justice response.--The term `alternative 
        justice response' means a process, whether court-ordered or 
        community-based, that--
                  ``(A) involves, on a voluntary basis, and to the 
                extent possible, those who have committed a specific 
                offense and those who have been harmed as a result of 
                the offense;
                  ``(B) has the goal of collectively seeking 
                accountability from the accused, and developing a 
                process whereby the accused will take responsibility 
                for his or her actions, and a plan for providing relief 
                to those harmed, through allocution, restitution, 
                community service, or other processes upon which the 
                victim, the accused, the community, and the court (if 
                court-ordered) can agree;
                  ``(C) is conducted in a framework that protects 
                victim safety and supports victim autonomy; and
                  ``(D) provides that information disclosed during such 
                process may not be used for any other law enforcement 
                purpose, including impeachment or prosecution, without 
                the express permission of all participants.''.
                  (M) by redesignating paragraph (1) as paragraph (2); 
                and
                  (N) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
                redesignated in subparagraph (O) of this paragraph) the 
                following:
          ``(1) Abuse in later life.--The term `abuse in later life' 
        means neglect, abandonment, domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking of an adult over the age of 50 by 
        any person, or economic abuse of that adult by a person in an 
        ongoing, relationship of trust with the victim. Self-neglect is 
        not included in this definition.''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (F) and 
                        (G) as subparagraphs (H) and (I);
                          (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                        following:
                  ``(G) Death of the party whose privacy had been 
                protected.--In the event of the death of any victim 
                whose confidentiality and privacy is required to be 
                protected under this subsection, such requirement shall 
                continue to apply, and the right to authorize release 
                of any confidential or protected information is be 
                vested in the next of kin, except that consent for 
                release of the deceased victim's information may not be 
                given by a person who had perpetrated abuse against the 
                deceased victim.'';
                          (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) 
                        through (E) as subparagraphs (E) through (F); 
                        and
                          (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                        following:
                  ``(D) Use of technology.--Grantees and subgrantees 
                may use telephone, internet, and other technologies to 
                protect the privacy, location and help-seeking 
                activities of victims using services. Such technologies 
                may include--
                          ``(i) software, apps or hardware that block 
                        caller ID or conceal IP addresses, including 
                        instances in which victims use digital 
                        services; or
                          ``(ii) technologies or protocols that inhibit 
                        or prevent a perpetrator's attempts to use 
                        technology or social media to threaten, harass 
                        or harm the victim, the victim's family, 
                        friends, neighbors or co-workers, or the 
                        program providing services to them.'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting after ``designed 
                to reduce or eliminate domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, and stalking'' the following: 
                ``provided that the confidentiality and privacy 
                requirements of this title are maintained, and that 
                personally identifying information about adult, youth, 
                and child victims of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault and stalking is not requested 
                or included in any such collaboration or information-
                sharing'';
                  (C) in paragraph (6), by adding at the end the 
                following: ``However, such disbursing agencies must 
                ensure that the confidentiality and privacy 
                requirements of this title are maintained in making 
                such reports, and that personally identifying 
                information about adult, youth and child victims of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault and 
                stalking is not requested or included in any such 
                reports.'';
                  (D) in paragraph (11), by adding at the end the 
                following: ``The Office on Violence Against Women shall 
                make all technical assistance available as broadly as 
                possible to any appropriate grantees, subgrantees, 
                potential grantees, or other entities without regard to 
                whether the entity has received funding from the Office 
                on Violence Against Women for a particular program or 
                project.'';
                  (E) in paragraph (13)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting after 
                        ``the Violence Against Women Reauthorization 
                        Act of 2013'' the following: ``(Public Law 113-
                        4; 127 Stat. 54)''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``section 3789d of title 42, United States 
                        Code'' and inserting ``section 809 of title I 
                        of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets 
                        Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10228)'';
                  (F) in paragraph (14), by inserting after ``are also 
                victims of'' the following: ``forced marriage, or''; 
                and
                  (G) in paragraph (16)(C)(i), by striking ``$20,000 in 
                Department funds, unless the Deputy Attorney General'' 
                and inserting ``$100,000 in Department funds, unless 
                the Director or Principal Deputy Director of the Office 
                on Violence Against Women, the Deputy Attorney 
                General,''.

  TITLE I--ENHANCING LEGAL TOOLS TO COMBAT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
                 VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING

SEC. 101. STOP GRANTS.

  (a) In General.--Part T of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and 
Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10441 et seq.) is amended--
          (1) in section 2001(b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting before the 
                semicolon at the end the following: ``including 
                implementation of the non-discrimination requirements 
                in section 40002(b)(13) of the Violence Against Women 
                Act of 1994'';
                  (B) in paragraph (9)--
                          (i) by striking ``older and disabled women'' 
                        and inserting ``people 50 years of age or over 
                        and people with disabilities''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``older and disabled 
                        individuals'' and inserting ``people'';
                  (C) in paragraph (19), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (D) in paragraph (20), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (E) by inserting after paragraph (20), the following:
          ``(21) developing and implementing laws, policies, 
        procedures, or training to ensure the lawful recovery and 
        storage of any dangerous weapon by the appropriate law 
        enforcement agency from an adjudicated perpetrator of any 
        offense of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking, and the return of such weapon when appropriate, 
        where any Federal, State, tribal, or local court has--
                  ``(A)(i) issued protective or other restraining 
                orders against such a perpetrator; or
                  ``(ii) found such a perpetrator to be guilty of 
                misdemeanor or felony crimes of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and
                  ``(B) ordered the perpetrator to relinquish dangerous 
                weapons that the perpetrator possesses or has used in 
                the commission of at least one of the aforementioned 
                crimes.
        Policies, procedures, protocols, laws, regulations, or training 
        under this section shall include the safest means of recovery 
        of, and best practices for storage of, relinquished and 
        recovered dangerous weapons and their return, when applicable, 
        at such time as the individual is no longer prohibited from 
        possessing such weapons under Federal, State, or Tribal law, or 
        posted local ordinances.'';
          (2) in section 2007--
                  (A) in subsection (d)--
                          (i) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) 
                        as paragraphs (7) and (8), respectively; and
                          (ii) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                        following:
          ``(5) proof of compliance with the requirements regarding 
        protocols to strongly discourage compelling victim testimony, 
        described in section 2017;
          ``(6) proof of compliance with the requirements regarding 
        civil rights under section 40002(b)(13) of the Violent Crime 
        Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994;'';
                  (B) in subsection (i)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the 
                        semicolon at the end the following: ``and the 
                        requirements under section 40002(b) of the 
                        Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
                        of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12291(b))''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (2)(C)(iv), by inserting 
                        after ``ethnicity,'' the following: ``sexual 
                        orientation, gender identity,''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(k) Reviews for Compliance With Nondiscrimination Requirements.--
          ``(1) In general.--If allegations of discrimination in 
        violation of section 40002(b)(13)(A) of the Violence Against 
        Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12291(b)(13)(A)) by a potential 
        grantee under this part have been made to the Attorney General, 
        the Attorney General shall, prior to awarding a grant under 
        this part to such potential grantee, conduct a review of the 
        compliance of the potential grantee with such section.
          ``(2) Establishment of rule.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of the Violence Against Women Reauthorization 
        Act of 2019, the Attorney General shall by rule establish 
        procedures for such a review.
          ``(3) Annual report.--Beginning on the date that is 1 year 
        after the date of enactment of the Violence Against Women 
        Reauthorization Act of 2019, the Attorney General shall report 
        to the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and of the 
        House of Representatives regarding compliance with section 
        40002(b)(13)(A) of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 
        U.S.C. 12291(b)(13)(A)) by recipients of grants under this 
        part.''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 2017. GRANT ELIGIBILITY REGARDING COMPELLING VICTIM TESTIMONY.

  ``In order to be eligible for a grant under this part, a State, 
Indian tribal government, territorial government, or unit of local 
government shall certify that, not later than 3 years after the date of 
enactment of this section, their laws, policies, or practices will 
include a detailed protocol to discourage the use of bench warrants, 
material witness warrants, perjury charges, or other means of 
compelling victim-witness testimony in the investigation, prosecution, 
trial, or sentencing of a crime related to the domestic violence, 
sexual assault, dating violence or stalking of the victim.''.
  (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1001(a)(18) of the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
10261(a)(18)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 102. GRANTS TO IMPROVE THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE RESPONSE.

  (a) Heading.--Part U of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10461 et seq.) is amended in the 
heading, by striking ``grants to encourage arrest policies'' and 
inserting ``grants to improve the criminal justice response''.
  (b) Grants.--Section 2101 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10461) is amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
  ``(a) General Program Purpose.--The purpose of this part is to assist 
States, State and local courts (including juvenile courts), Indian 
tribal governments, tribal courts, and units of local government to 
develop and strengthen effective law enforcement and prosecution 
strategies to combat violent crimes against women, and to develop and 
strengthen victim services in cases involving violent crimes against 
women.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``proarrest'' and 
                inserting ``offender accountability and homicide 
                reduction'';
                  (B) in paragraph (8)--
                          (i) by striking ``older individuals (as 
                        defined in section 102 of the Older Americans 
                        Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3002))'' and inserting 
                        ``people 50 years of age or over''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``individuals with 
                        disabilities (as defined in section 3(2) of the 
                        Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
                        U.S.C. 12102(2)))'' and inserting ``people with 
                        disabilities (as defined in the Americans with 
                        Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102))'';
                  (C) in paragraph (19), by inserting before the period 
                at the end the following ``, including victims among 
                underserved populations (as defined in section 
                40002(a)(46) of the Violence Against Women Act of 
                1994)''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(23) To develop and implement an alternative justice 
        response (as such term is defined in section 40002(a) of the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 1994).
          ``(24) To develop and implement policies, procedures, 
        protocols, laws, regulations, or training to ensure the lawful 
        recovery and storage of any dangerous weapon by the appropriate 
        law enforcement agency from an adjudicated perpetrator of any 
        offense of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking, and the return of such weapon when appropriate, 
        where any Federal, State, tribal, or local court has--
                  ``(A)(i) issued protective or other restraining 
                orders against such a perpetrator; or
                  ``(ii) found such a perpetrator to be guilty of 
                misdemeanor or felony crimes of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and
                  ``(B) ordered the perpetrator to relinquish dangerous 
                weapons that the perpetrator possesses or has used in 
                the commission of at least one of the aforementioned 
                crimes.
        Policies, procedures, protocols, laws, regulations, or training 
        under this section shall include the safest means of recovery 
        of and best practices for storage of relinquished and recovered 
        dangerous weapons and their return, when applicable, at such 
        time as the persons are no longer prohibited from possessing 
        such weapons under Federal, State, Tribal or municipal law.''; 
        and
          (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking ``encourage or 
                        mandate arrests of domestic violence 
                        offenders'' and inserting ``encourage arrests 
                        of offenders''; and
                          (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``encourage 
                        or mandate arrest of domestic violence 
                        offenders'' and inserting ``encourage arrest of 
                        offenders''; and
                  (B) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                following:
                  ``(F) certify that, not later than 3 years after the 
                date of the enactment of this subparagraph, their laws, 
                policies, or practices will include a detailed protocol 
                to strongly discourage the use of bench warrants, 
                material witness warrants, perjury charges, or other 
                means of compelling victim-witness testimony in the 
                investigation, prosecution, trial, or sentencing of a 
                crime related to the domestic violence, sexual assault, 
                dating violence or stalking of the victim.''.
  (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1001(a)(19) of the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
10261(a)(19)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 103. LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS.

  Section 1201 of division B of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence 
Protection Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 20121) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by inserting after ``no cost to the 
        victims'' the following: ``. When legal assistance to a 
        dependent is necessary for the safety of a victim, such 
        assistance may be provided.'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting after ``stalking, 
                and sexual assault'' the following: ``, or for 
                dependents when necessary for the safety of a victim'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting after ``stalking, 
                and sexual assault'' the following: ``, or for 
                dependents when necessary for the safety of a victim,'' 
                and
                  (C) in paragraph (3), by inserting after ``sexual 
                assault, or stalking'' the following: ``, or for 
                dependents when necessary for the safety of a 
                victim,''; and
          (3) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 104. GRANTS TO SUPPORT FAMILIES IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM.

  Section 1301 of division B of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence 
Protection Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 12464) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (B) in paragraph (8)--
                          (i) by striking ``to improve'' and inserting 
                        ``improve''; and
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and'' ; and
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following:
                  ``(9) develop and implement an alternative justice 
                response (as such term is defined in section 40002(a) 
                of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994).''; and
          (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
        inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 105. OUTREACH AND SERVICES TO UNDERSERVED POPULATIONS GRANTS.

  Section 120(h) of the Violence Against Women and Department of 
Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (34 U.S.C. 20123(h)) is amended by 
striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 106. CRIMINAL PROVISIONS.

  Section 2265 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d)(3)--
                  (A) by striking ``restraining order or injunction,''; 
                and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following: ``The 
                prohibition under this paragraph applies to all 
                protection orders for the protection of a person 
                residing within a State, territorial, or tribal 
                jurisdiction, whether or not the protection order was 
                issued by that State, territory, or Tribe.''; and
          (2) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following: 
        ``This applies to all Alaska tribes without respect to `Indian 
        country' or the population of the Native village associated 
        with the Tribe.''.

SEC. 107. RAPE SURVIVOR CHILD CUSTODY.

  Section 409 of the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015 (34 
U.S.C. 21308) is amended by striking ``2015 through 2019'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

                TITLE II--IMPROVING SERVICES FOR VICTIMS

SEC. 201. SEXUAL ASSAULT SERVICES PROGRAM.

  Section 41601(f)(1) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement 
Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12511(f)(1)) is amended by striking ``2014 
through 2018'' and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 202. RURAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, 
                    STALKING, AND CHILD ABUSE ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE 
                    PROGRAM.

  Section 40295 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 
1994 (34 U.S.C. 12341) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``women'' and inserting 
        ``adults, youth,''; and
          (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 203. TRAINING AND SERVICES TO END VIOLENCE AGAINST PEOPLE WITH 
                    DISABILITIES.

  Section 1402 of division B of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence 
Protection Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 20122) is amended--
          (1) in the heading, by striking ``women'' and inserting 
        ``people'';
          (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``individuals'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``people'';
          (3) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking ``disabled individuals'' each place 
                it appears and inserting ``people with disabilities'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting after ``law 
                enforcement'' the following: ``and other first 
                responders''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (8), by striking ``providing 
                advocacy and intervention services within'' and 
                inserting ``to enhance the capacity of'';
          (4) in subsection (c), by striking ``disabled individuals'' 
        and inserting ``people with disabilities''; and
          (5) in subsection (e), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
        inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 204. TRAINING AND SERVICES TO END ABUSE IN LATER LIFE.

  Section 40801 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 
1994 (34 U.S.C. 12421)--
          (1) in the heading, by striking ``enhanced training'' and 
        inserting ``training'';
          (2) by striking subsection ``(a) Definitions.--In this 
        section--'' and all that follows through paragraph (1) of 
        subsection (b) and inserting the following: ``The Attorney 
        General shall make grants to eligible entities in accordance 
        with the following:'';
          (3) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) of subsection 
        (b) as paragraphs (1) through (4);
          (4) in paragraph (1) (as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
        this subsection)--
                  (A) by striking ``, including domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, 
                exploitation, and neglect'' each place it appears;
                  (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by inserting after ``elder 
                        abuse'' the following: ``and abuse in later 
                        life'';
                          (ii) in clauses (ii) and (iii), by inserting 
                        after ``victims of'' the following: ``elder 
                        abuse and''; and
                          (iii) in clause (iv), by striking 
                        ``advocates, victim service providers, and 
                        courts to better serve victims of abuse in 
                        later life'' and inserting ``leaders, victim 
                        advocates, victim service providers, courts, 
                        and first responders to better serve older 
                        victims'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking ``or other 
                        community-based organizations in recognizing 
                        and addressing instances of abuse in later 
                        life'' and inserting ``community-based 
                        organizations, or other professionals who may 
                        identify or respond to abuse in later life''; 
                        and
                          (ii) in clause (ii), by inserting after 
                        ``victims of'' the following: ``elder abuse 
                        and''; and
                  (D) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``subparagraph 
                (B)(ii)'' and inserting ``paragraph (2)(B)'';
          (5) in paragraph (2) (as redesignated by paragraph (3))--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``over 50 years 
                of age'' and inserting ``50 years of age or over''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``in later 
                life'' and inserting ``50 years of age or over''; and
          (6) in paragraph (4) (as redesignated by paragraph (3)), by 
        striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2020 through 
        2024''.

     TITLE III--SERVICES, PROTECTION, AND JUSTICE FOR YOUNG VICTIMS

SEC. 301. RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION GRANT.

  Section 393A of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280b-1b) is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the 
                semicolon at the end the following ``or digital 
                services (as such term is defined in section 40002(a) 
                of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994)''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (7), by striking ``sexual assault'' 
                and inserting ``sexual violence, sexual assault, and 
                sexual harassment'';
          (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Indian tribal'' and 
        inserting ``Indian Tribal''; and
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$50,000,000 for 
                each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
                ``$150,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 
                2024''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by adding at the end the 
                following: ``Not less than 80 percent of the total 
                amount made available under this subsection in each 
                fiscal year shall be awarded in accordance with this 
                paragraph.''.

SEC. 302. CREATING HOPE THROUGH OUTREACH, OPTIONS, SERVICES, AND 
                    EDUCATION (CHOOSE) FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH.

  Section 41201 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 
1994 (34 U.S.C. 12451) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``stalking, or sex trafficking'' and 
                inserting ``or stalking''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following: ``Grants 
                awarded under this section may be used to address sex 
                trafficking or bullying as part of a comprehensive 
                program focused primarily on domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                        by striking ``target youth who are victims of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, stalking, and sex trafficking'' and 
                        inserting ``target youth, including youth in 
                        underserved populations who are victims of 
                        domestic violence, sexual assault, and 
                        stalking'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``stalking, and sex trafficking'' and inserting 
                        ``and stalking'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) by striking ``stalking, or sex 
                                trafficking'' and inserting ``or 
                                stalking''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``or'' at the end;
                          (iv) in subparagraph (C)--
                                  (I) by striking ``stalking, and sex 
                                trafficking'' and inserting ``or 
                                stalking''; and
                                  (II) by striking the period at the 
                                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                          (v) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                        following:
                  ``(D) clarify State or local mandatory reporting 
                policies and practices regarding peer-to-peer dating 
                violence, sexual assault, and stalking.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``stalking, or sex 
                        trafficking'' each place it appears and 
                        inserting ``or stalking'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting 
                        ``confidential'' before ``support services'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``stalking, and sex trafficking'' and inserting 
                        ``and stalking''; and
                          (iv) in subparagraph (E), by inserting after 
                        ``programming for youth'' the following: ``, 
                        including youth in underserved populations,'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``stalking, or sex 
                trafficking'' and inserting ``or stalking''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``paragraph 
                (1)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
                paragraph (1)'';
          (4) in subsection (d)(3), by striking ``stalking, and sex 
        trafficking'' and inserting ``and stalking, including training 
        on working with youth in underserved populations''; and
          (5) in subsection (f), by striking ``$15,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$25,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 303. GRANTS TO COMBAT VIOLENT CRIMES ON CAMPUSES.

  Section 304 of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice 
Reauthorization Act of 2005 (34 U.S.C. 20125) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2), by striking the second 
                sentence;
                  (B) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
          ``(3) To provide prevention and education programming about 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking, including technological abuse and reproductive and 
        sexual coercion, that is age-appropriate, culturally relevant, 
        ongoing, delivered in multiple venues on campus, accessible, 
        promotes respectful nonviolent behavior as a social norm, and 
        engages men and boys. Such programming should be developed in 
        partnership or collaboratively with experts in intimate partner 
        and sexual violence prevention and intervention.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (9), by striking ``and provide'' and 
                inserting ``, provide, and disseminate'';
                  (D) in paragraph (10), by inserting after ``or 
                adapt'' the following ``and disseminate''; and
                  (E) by inserting after paragraph (10) the following:
          ``(11) To train campus health centers on how to recognize and 
        respond to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        and stalking, including training health providers on how to 
        provide universal education to all members of the campus 
        community on the impacts of violence on health and unhealthy 
        relationships and how providers can support ongoing outreach 
        efforts.'';
          (2) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024'';
          (3) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``for all 
                incoming students'' and inserting ``for all students''; 
                and
                  (B) in paragraph (4)(C), by inserting after ``sex,'' 
                the following: ``sexual orientation, gender 
                identity,''; and
          (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``$12,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$16,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 304. COMBAT ONLINE PREDATORS.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 110A of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2261A the following:

``Sec. 2261B. Enhanced penalty for stalkers of children

  ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), if the 
victim of an offense under section 2261A is under the age of 18 years, 
the maximum term of imprisonment for the offense is 5 years greater 
than the maximum term of imprisonment otherwise provided for that 
offense in section 2261.
  ``(b) Limitation.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to a person who 
violates section 2261A if--
          ``(1) the person is subject to a sentence under section 
        2261(b)(5); and
          ``(2)(A) the person is under the age of 18 at the time the 
        offense occurred; or
          ``(B) the victim of the offense is not less than 15 nor more 
        than 17 years of age and not more than 3 years younger than the 
        person who committed the offense at the time the offense 
        occurred.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 110A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to 19 section 2261A the following new item:

``2261B. Enhanced penalty for stalkers of children.''.

  (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2261A of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended in the matter following paragraph (2)(B), by striking 
``section 2261(b) of this title'' and inserting ``section 2261(b) or 
section 2262B, as the case may be''.
  (d) Report on Best Practices Regarding Enforcement of Anti-stalking 
Laws.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Attorney General shall submit a report to Congress, which 
shall--
          (1) include an evaluation of Federal, tribal, State, and 
        local efforts to enforce laws relating to stalking; and
          (2) identify and describe those elements of such efforts that 
        constitute the best practices for the enforcement of such laws.

                 TITLE IV--VIOLENCE REDUCTION PRACTICES

SEC. 401. STUDY CONDUCTED BY THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND 
                    PREVENTION.

  Section 402 of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice 
Reauthorization Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 280b-4) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``violence against women'' 
        and inserting ``violence against adults, youth,''; and
          (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
        inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 402. SAVING MONEY AND REDUCING TRAGEDIES (SMART) THROUGH 
                    PREVENTION GRANTS.

  Section 41303 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12463) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(E) strategies within each of these areas 
                addressing the unmet needs of underserved 
                populations.'';
          (2) in subsection (d)(3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) include a focus on the unmet needs of 
                underserved populations.'';
          (3) in subsection (f), by striking ``$15,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$45,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024''; and
          (4) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Remaining amounts.--Any amounts not made available 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) may be used for any set of 
        purposes described in paragraphs (1), (2), or (3) of subsection 
        (b), or for a project that fulfills two or more of such sets of 
        purposes.''.

         TITLE V--STRENGTHENING THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS RESPONSE

SEC. 501. GRANTS TO STRENGTHEN THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS RESPONSE TO 
                    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, 
                    AND STALKING.

  Section 399P of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280g-4) is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) the development or enhancement and implementation of 
        training programs to improve the capacity of early childhood 
        programs to address domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking among families they serve.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by inserting ``, 
                including labor and sex trafficking'' after ``violence 
                and abuse'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)(ii)--
                          (i) by striking ``on-site access to''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``patients by increasing'' 
                        and all that follows through the semicolon and 
                        inserting the following: ``patients by--
                                  ``(I) increasing the capacity of 
                                existing health care professionals and 
                                public health staff to address domestic 
                                violence, dating violence, sexual 
                                assault, and stalking;
                                  ``(II) contracting with or hiring 
                                advocates for victims of domestic 
                                violence or sexual assault to provide 
                                such services; or
                                  ``(III) providing funding to State 
                                domestic and sexual violence coalitions 
                                to improve the capacity of such 
                                coalitions to coordinate and support 
                                health advocates and other health 
                                system partnerships;'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (B)(iii), by striking ``and'' at 
                the end;
                  (D) in subparagraph (B)(iv) by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting the following: ``, with priority 
                given to programs administered through the Health 
                Resources and Services Administration, Office of 
                Women's Health; and''; and
                  (E) in subparagraph (B), by adding at the end the 
                following:
                          ``(v) the development, implementation, 
                        dissemination, and evaluation of best 
                        practices, tools, and training materials for 
                        behavioral health professionals to identify and 
                        respond to domestic violence, sexual violence, 
                        stalking, and dating violence.''.
          (3) in subsection (b)(2)(A)--
                  (A) in the heading, by striking ``Child and elder 
                abuse'' and inserting the following: ``Child abuse and 
                abuse in later life''; and
                  (B) by striking ``child or elder abuse'' and 
                inserting the following: ``child abuse or abuse in 
                later life'';
          (4) in subsection (b)(2)(C)(i), by striking ``elder abuse'' 
        and inserting ``abuse in later life'';
          (5) in subsection (b)(2)(C)(iii), by striking ``or'' at the 
        end;
          (6) in subsection (b)(2)(C)(iv)--
                  (A) by inserting ``mental health,'' after 
                ``dental,''; and
                  (B) by striking ``exams.'' and inserting ``exams and 
                certifications;'';
          (7) in subsection (b)(2)(C), by inserting after clause (iv) 
        the following:
                          ``(v) development of a State-level pilot 
                        program to--
                                  ``(I) improve the response of 
                                substance use disorder treatment 
                                programs and systems to domestic 
                                violence, dating violence, sexual 
                                assault, and stalking; and
                                  ``(II) improve the capacity of 
                                substance use disorder treatment 
                                programs and systems to serve survivors 
                                of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                                sexual assault, and stalking dealing 
                                with substance use disorder; or
                          ``(vi) development and utilization of 
                        existing technical assistance and training 
                        resources to improve the capacity of substance 
                        use disorder treatment programs to address 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, and stalking among patients the 
                        programs serve.''
          (8) in subsection (d)(2)(A)--
                  (A) by inserting ``or behavioral health,'' after ``of 
                health'';
                  (B) by inserting ``behavioral'' after ``physical 
                or''; and
                  (C) by striking ``mental'' before ``health care'';
          (9) in subsection (d)(2)(B)--
                  (A) by striking ``or health system'' and inserting 
                ``behavioral health treatment system,''; and
                  (B) after ``physical or'' by striking ``mental'' and 
                inserting ``behavioral'';
          (10) in subsection (f) in the heading, by striking ``Research 
        and Evaluation'' and inserting ``Research, Evaluation, and Data 
        Collection'';
          (11) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``research and 
        evaluation'' and inserting ``research, evaluation, or data 
        collection'';
          (12) in subsection (f)(1)(B), by inserting after ``health 
        care'' the following: ``or behavioral health'';
          (13) in subsection (f)(2)--
                  (A) in the heading, by inserting after ``Research'' 
                the following: ``and data collection'';
                  (B) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                inserting ``or data collection'' before ``authorized in 
                paragraph (1)'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (D) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                  (E) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                following:
                  ``(E) research on the intersection of substance use 
                disorder and domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, and stalking, including the effect of coerced 
                use and efforts by an abusive partner or other to 
                interfere with substance use disorder treatment and 
                recovery; and
                  ``(F) improvement of data collection using existing 
                Federal surveys by including questions about domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
                and substance use disorder, coerced use, and mental or 
                behavioral health.'';
          (14) in subsection (g), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
        inserting ``2020 through 2024''; and
          (15) in subsection (h), by striking ``herein'' and ``provided 
        for''.

                    TITLE VI--SAFE HOMES FOR VICTIMS

SEC. 601. HOUSING PROTECTIONS FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
                    VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING.

  Section 41411 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12491) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``brother, 
                sister,'' and inserting ``sibling,''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting before 
                        the semicolon at the end the following: 
                        ``including the direct loan program under such 
                        section'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``the 
                        program under subtitle A'' and inserting ``the 
                        programs under subtitles A through D'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (I)--
                                  (I) by inserting after ``sections 
                                514, 515, 516, 533,'' the following: 
                                ``542,''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                          (iv) in subparagraph (J), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                        and
                          (v) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(K) the provision of assistance from the Housing 
                Trust Fund as established under section 1338 of the 
                Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and 
                Soundness Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 4501);
                  ``(L) the provision of assistance for housing under 
                the Comprehensive Service Programs for Homeless 
                Veterans program under subchapter II of chapter 20 of 
                title 38, United States Code (38 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.);
                  ``(M) the provision of assistance for housing and 
                facilities under the grant program for homeless 
                veterans with special needs under section 2061 of title 
                38, United States Code;
                  ``(N) the provision of assistance for permanent 
                housing under the program for financial assistance for 
                supportive services for very low-income veteran 
                families in permanent housing under section 2044 of 
                title 38, United States Code; and
                  ``(O) any other Federal housing programs providing 
                affordable housing to low-income persons by means of 
                restricted rents or rental assistance as identified by 
                the appropriate agency.''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Covered housing provider.--The term `covered housing 
        provider' refers to the individual or entity under a covered 
        housing program that has responsibility for the administration 
        or oversight of housing assisted under a covered housing 
        program and includes public housing agencies, sponsors, owners, 
        mortgagors, managers, Continuums of Care, State and local 
        governments or agencies thereof, and nonprofit or for-profit 
        organizations or entities.
          ``(5) Continuum of care.--The term `Continuum of Care' means 
        an entity receiving a grant under subtitle C of title IV of the 
        McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11381 et 
        seq.).
          ``(6) Internal transfer.--The term `internal transfer' means 
        a transfer to a unit of the same covered housing provider and 
        under the same covered housing program except for programs 
        under McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.
          ``(7) External transfer.--The term `external transfer' means 
        a transfer to a unit of a different covered housing provider 
        under any covered housing program.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(3)--
                  (A) in the heading, by inserting after ``criminal 
                activity'' the following: ``and family break-up'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (A), to read as follows:
                  ``(A) Denial of assistance, tenancy, and occupancy 
                rights prohibited.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A tenant shall not be 
                        denied assistance, tenancy, or occupancy rights 
                        to housing assisted under a covered housing 
                        program solely on the basis of criminal 
                        activity directly relating to domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking that is engaged in by a member of the 
                        household of the tenant or any guest or other 
                        person under the control of the tenant, if the 
                        tenant or an affiliated individual of the 
                        tenant is the victim or threatened victim of 
                        such domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking.
                          ``(ii) Criminal activity engaged in by 
                        perpetrator of abuse.--A tenant shall not be 
                        denied assistance, tenancy, or occupancy rights 
                        to housing assisted under a covered housing 
                        program solely on the basis of criminal 
                        activity, including drug-related criminal 
                        activity (as such term is defined section 
                        3(b)(9) of the United States Housing Act of 
                        1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437a(b)(9)), engaged in by the 
                        perpetrator of the domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
                          ``(iii) Review prior to denial of 
                        assistance.--Prior to denying assistance, 
                        tenancy, or occupancy rights to housing 
                        assisted under a covered housing program to a 
                        tenant on the basis of criminal activity of the 
                        tenant, including drug-related criminal 
                        activity, the covered housing provider must 
                        conduct an individualized review of the 
                        totality of the circumstances regarding the 
                        criminal activity at issue if the tenant is a 
                        victim of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking. Such review shall 
                        include consideration of--
                                  ``(I) the nature and severity of the 
                                criminal activity;
                                  ``(II) the amount of time that has 
                                elapsed since the occurrence of the 
                                criminal activity;
                                  ``(III) if the tenant engaged in more 
                                than one instance of criminal activity, 
                                the frequency and duration of the 
                                criminal activity;
                                  ``(IV) whether the criminal activity 
                                was related to a symptom of a 
                                disability, including a substance use 
                                disorder;
                                  ``(V) whether the victim was coerced 
                                by the perpetrator of domestic 
                                violence, dating violence, sexual 
                                assault, or stalking;
                                  ``(VI) whether the victim has taken 
                                affirmative steps to reduce the 
                                likelihood that the criminal activity 
                                will recur; and
                                  ``(VII) any mitigating factors.
                        The covered housing program must provide the 
                        tenant with a written summary of its review and 
                        the tenant shall have the opportunity to invoke 
                        the covered housing program's grievance policy 
                        to dispute the findings.'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in the heading, by striking 
                        ``Bifurcation'' and inserting ``Family break-
                        up'';
                          (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as 
                        clauses (ii) and (iii) respectively;
                          (iii) by inserting before clause (ii) (as 
                        redesignated by clause (ii) of this 
                        subparagraph) the following:
                          ``(i) In general.--If a family break-up 
                        results from an occurrence of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking, and the perpetrator no longer resides 
                        in the unit and was the sole tenant eligible to 
                        receive assistance under a covered housing 
                        program, the covered housing provider shall--
                                  ``(I) provide any other tenant or 
                                resident the opportunity to establish 
                                eligibility for the covered housing 
                                program; or
                                  ``(II) provide that tenant or 
                                resident with at least 180 days to 
                                remain in the unit under the same terms 
                                and conditions as the perpetrator and 
                                find new housing or establish 
                                eligibility for another covered housing 
                                program.''.
                          (iv) in clause (ii) (as redesignated by 
                        clause (ii) of this subparagraph)--
                                  (I) in the heading, by striking ``In 
                                general'' and inserting ``Eviction'' ; 
                                and
                                  (II) by inserting after ``a public 
                                housing agency'' the following: ``, 
                                participating jurisdictions, Continuums 
                                of Care, grantees,''; and
                          (v) by striking clause (iii) (as redesignated 
                        by clause (ii) of this subparagraph);
                  (D) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) in clause (iii), by striking ``or'' at 
                        the end;
                          (ii) in clause (iv), by striking the period 
                        at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(v) to limit any right, remedy, or 
                        procedure otherwise available under the 
                        Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 
                        2005 (Public Law 109-162, 119 Stat. 2960) prior 
                        to the date of enactment of the Violence 
                        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019.''; 
                        and
                  (E) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                  ``(D) Early termination.--A covered housing provider 
                shall permit a tenant assisted under the covered 
                housing program to terminate the lease at any time 
                prior to the end date of the lease, without penalty, if 
                the tenant has been a victim of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking and the 
                tenant--
                          ``(i) sends notice of the early lease 
                        termination to the landlord in writing prior to 
                        or within 3 days of vacating the premises 
                        unless a shorter notice period is provided for 
                        under State law;
                          ``(ii)(I) reasonably believes that the tenant 
                        is threatened with imminent harm if the tenant 
                        remains within the same dwelling unit subject 
                        to the lease; or
                          ``(II) is a victim of sexual assault, the 
                        sexual assault occurred on the premises during 
                        the 180-day period preceding the request for 
                        lease termination; and
                          ``(iii) provides a form of documentation 
                        consistent with the requirements outlined in 
                        subsection (c)(3).
                Nothing in this subparagraph may be construed to 
                preclude any automatic termination of a lease by 
                operation of law.'';
          (3) in subsection (c)(4), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A)--
                  (A) by striking ``Any information submitted to a 
                public housing agency or owner or manager'' and 
                inserting ``Covered housing providers shall ensure any 
                information submitted''; and
                  (B) by inserting after ``owner or manager'' the 
                following: ``of housing assisted under a covered 
                housing program'';
          (4) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:
  ``(e) Emergency Transfers.--
          ``(1) In general.--Tenants who are victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking shall be 
        transferred to another available and safe dwelling unit 
        assisted under a covered housing program if--
                  ``(A) the tenant expressly requests the transfer from 
                the covered housing provider; and
                  ``(B)(i) the tenant reasonably believes that the 
                tenant is threatened with imminent harm from further 
                violence if the tenant remains within the same dwelling 
                unit assisted under a covered housing program; or
                  ``(ii) in the case of a tenant who is a victim of 
                sexual assault, the sexual assault occurred on the 
                premises during the 180 day period preceding the 
                request for transfer.
                A tenant who is not in good standing retains the right 
                to an emergency transfer if they meet the eligibility 
                requirements in this section and the eligibility 
                requirements of the program to which the tenant intends 
                to transfer.
          ``(2) Policies.--Each appropriate agency shall adopt an 
        emergency transfer policy to be overseen by the Department for 
        Housing and Urban Development for use by the covered housing 
        programs within the jurisdiction of a regional office of the 
        Department. Such emergency transfer policies shall reflect the 
        variations in program operation and administration by covered 
        housing program type. The policies must, at a minimum--
                  ``(A) describe a process to permit tenants who are 
                victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking an internal transfer to another 
                available and safe dwelling unit assisted under the 
                same covered housing program;
                  ``(B) describe a process to permit tenants who are 
                victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking to complete an emergency external 
                transfer to another available and safe dwelling unit of 
                a covered housing provider;
                  ``(C) mandate that emergency internal and external 
                transfers take priority over non-emergency transfers;
                  ``(D) mandate that emergency internal and external 
                transfers take priority over existing waiting lists for 
                a covered housing program;
                  ``(E) ensure a victim of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking is transferred 
                into a comparable covered housing program if available;
                  ``(F) incorporate confidentiality measures to ensure 
                that the appropriate regional office of the Department 
                of Housing and Urban Development (hereinafter in this 
                section referred to as a `HUD regional office') and the 
                covered housing provider do not disclose any 
                information regarding a tenant who is victim of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking, including the location of a new dwelling unit 
                to any person or entity without the written 
                authorization of the tenant; and
                  ``(G) mandate a uniform policy for how a victim of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking requests an emergency internal or external 
                transfer.
          ``(3) Regional offices.--Each HUD regional office shall 
        develop and implement an external emergency transfer plan for 
        all covered housing providers within the regional office's 
        jurisdictional reach. HUD regional offices shall develop and 
        implement such plans in collaboration with the local Continua 
        of Care and shall defer to emergency transfer priorities and 
        strategies set by local Continua of Care. In addition to 
        reflecting the policies of the appropriate agencies as defined 
        by paragraph (2), the plan shall, at a minimum--
                  ``(A) set forth policies and procedures to identify 
                an emergency external transfer a comparable covered 
                housing program, if available, within 30 days of an 
                approved request; and
                  ``(B) set forth policies and procedures for the local 
                Continua of Care to--
                          ``(i) coordinate emergency external transfers 
                        among all covered housing providers 
                        participating in the Continuum of Care;
                          ``(ii) coordinate emergency transfers with 
                        Continua of Care in other jurisdictions in 
                        cases where the victim requests an out-of-
                        jurisdiction transfer; and
                          ``(iii) ensure a victim is not required to be 
                        reassessed through the local Continuum of Care 
                        intake process when seeking an emergency 
                        transfer placement.
          ``(4) Covered housing providers.--Each covered housing 
        provider shall--
                  ``(A) provide a victim of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking residing in a 
                dwelling unit assisted under a covered housing program 
                an internal transfer to another safe dwelling unit 
                assisted under the same covered housing program, if 
                available, not later than 10 days after an approved 
                request for an emergency transfer;
                  ``(B) if an internal transfer described under 
                subparagraph (A) is unavailable or if the victim of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking determines that a dwelling unit provided by an 
                internal transfer described under subparagraph (A), 
                contact the regional office of the appropriate agency 
                within 10 days of an approved request for an emergency 
                transfer for an external emergency transfer under 
                paragraph (3); and
                  ``(C) allow a victim of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking to temporarily 
                relocate, and maintain eligibility for the covered 
                housing program without the loss of their housing 
                status, to housing not eligible for assistance under a 
                covered housing program or to housing assisted under 
                another covered housing program if there are no 
                alternative comparable housing program units available 
                until a safe internal or external housing unit under 
                the covered housing program is available.'';
          (5) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following: 
        ``The Secretary shall establish these policies and procedures 
        within 60 days after passage of the Violence Against Women 
        Reauthorization Act of 2019.'';
          (6) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (j); and
          (7) by inserting after subsection (f) the following:
  ``(g) Emergency Transfer Vouchers.--Provision of emergency transfer 
vouchers to victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking under subsection (e), shall be considered an 
eligible use of any funding for tenant protection voucher assistance 
available under section 8(o) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 
(42 U.S.C. 1437f(o)).
  ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out emergency transfers under this section, 
$20,000,000 under section 8(o) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 
(42 U.S.C. 1437f(o)) for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
  ``(i) Implementation.--
          ``(1) Training for staff of covered housing programs.--The 
        Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, in partnership with 
        domestic violence experts, shall develop mandatory training for 
        staff of covered housing providers to provide a basic 
        understanding of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking, and to facilitate implementation of this 
        section. All staff of covered housing providers shall attend 
        the basic understanding training once annually; and all staff 
        and managers engaged in tenant services shall attend both the 
        basic understanding training and the implementation training 
        once annually.
          ``(2) Referrals.--The appropriate agency with respect to each 
        covered housing program shall supply all appropriate staff of 
        the covered housing providers with a referral listing of public 
        contact information for all domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, and stalking service providers offering 
        services in its coverage area.
          ``(3) Implementation.--The appropriate agency with respect to 
        each covered housing program shall implement this section, as 
        this section applies to the covered housing program.''.

SEC. 602. ENSURING COMPLIANCE AND IMPLEMENTATION; PROHIBITING 
                    RETALIATION AGAINST VICTIMS.

  Chapter 2 of subtitle N of title IV of the Violence Against Women Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12491 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 
41411 the following:

``SEC. 41412. COMPLIANCE REVIEWS.

  ``(a) Annual Compliance Reviews.--Each appropriate agency 
administering a covered housing program shall establish a process by 
which to review compliance with the requirements of this subtitle, on 
an annual basis, of the covered housing providers administered by that 
agency. Such a review shall examine the following topics:
          ``(1) Covered housing provider compliance with requirements 
        prohibiting the denial of assistance, tenancy, or occupancy 
        rights on the basis of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking.
          ``(2) Covered housing provider compliance with 
        confidentiality provisions set forth in section 41411(c)(4).
          ``(3) Covered housing provider compliance with the 
        notification requirements set forth in section 41411(d)(2).
          ``(4) Covered housing provider compliance with accepting 
        documentation set forth in section 41411(c).
          ``(5) Covered housing provider compliance with emergency 
        transfer requirements set forth in section 41411(e).
          ``(6) Covered housing provider compliance with the 
        prohibition on retaliation set forth in section 41414.
  ``(b) Regulations.--Each appropriate agency shall issue regulations 
to implement subsection (a) not later than one year after the effective 
date of the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019. These 
regulations shall--
          ``(1) define standards of compliance for covered housing 
        providers;
          ``(2) include detailed reporting requirements, including the 
        number of emergency transfers requested and granted, as well as 
        the length of time needed to process emergency transfers, 
        disaggregated by external and internal transfers; and
          ``(3) include standards for corrective action plans where a 
        covered housing provider has failed to meet compliance 
        standards.
  ``(c) Public Disclosure.--Each appropriate agency shall ensure that 
an agency-level assessment of the information collected during the 
compliance review process completed pursuant to this subsection is made 
publicly available. This agency-level assessment shall include an 
evaluation of each topic identified in subsection (a).
  ``(d) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
          ``(1) to limit any claim filed or other proceeding commenced, 
        by the date of enactment of the Violence Against Women 
        Reauthorization Act of 2019, with regard to any right, remedy, 
        or procedure otherwise available under the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-162, 119 
        Stat. 2960), as in effect on the day prior to such date of 
        enactment; or
          ``(2) to supersede any provision of any Federal, State, or 
        local law that provides greater protection than this subsection 
        for victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking.

``SEC. 41413. DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT VIOLENCE 
                    AGAINST WOMEN DIRECTOR.

  ``(a) Establishment.--There shall be, within the Office of the 
Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, a 
Violence Against Women Director (in this section referred to as the 
`Director').
  ``(b) Duties.--The Director shall--
          ``(1) support implementation of the provisions of this 
        subtitle;
          ``(2) coordinate development of Federal regulations, policy, 
        protocols, and guidelines on matters relating to the 
        implementation of this subtitle, at each agency administering a 
        covered housing program;
          ``(3) advise and coordinate with designated officials within 
        the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness, the 
        Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of 
        the Treasury, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of 
        Health and Human Services, Department of Veterans Affairs, and 
        the Department of Justice concerning legislation, 
        implementation, and other issues relating to or affecting the 
        housing provisions under this subtitle;
          ``(4) provide technical assistance, coordination, and support 
        to each appropriate agency regarding advancing housing 
        protections and access to housing for victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
        including compliance with this subtitle;
          ``(5) ensure that adequate technical assistance is made 
        available to covered housing providers regarding implementation 
        of this subtitle, as well as other issues related to advancing 
        housing protections for victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking, including compliance 
        with this subtitle;
          ``(6) act as a liaison with the judicial branches of Federal, 
        State, and local governments on matters relating to the housing 
        needs of victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking;
          ``(7) implement a quality control system and a corrective 
        action plan system for those covered housing providers that 
        fail to comply with this subtitle, wherein--
                  ``(A) such corrective action plans shall be developed 
                in partnership with national, State, or local programs 
                focused on child or adult victims of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and
                  ``(B) such corrective action plans shall include 
                provisions requiring covered housing providers to 
                review and develop appropriate notices, procedures, and 
                staff training to improve compliance with this 
                subtitle, in partnership with national, state, or local 
                programs focused on child or adult victims;
          ``(8) establish a formal reporting process to receive 
        individual complaints concerning noncompliance with this 
        subtitle;
          ``(9) coordinate the development of interagency guidelines to 
        ensure that information concerning available dwelling units is 
        forwarded to the Director by all covered housing providers for 
        use by the Secretary in facilitating the emergency transfer 
        process;
          ``(10) coordinate with HUD regional offices and officials at 
        each appropriate agency the development of Federal regulations, 
        policy, protocols, and guidelines regarding uniform timeframes 
        for the completion of emergency transfers; and
          ``(11) ensure that the guidance and notices to victims are 
        distributed in commonly encountered languages.
  ``(c) Emergency Transfer Database.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Director shall maintain a database of 
        information about dwelling units that are available for 
        occupancy or that will be available for occupancy for tenants 
        who are transferred under section 41411(e) and establish the 
        format for its use. The emergency transfer database may be a 
        new system or a modification of an existing database. The 
        database shall incorporate information from all covered housing 
        providers.
          ``(2) Reporting requirements.--Not later than 3 business days 
        after a covered housing provider becomes aware of an available 
        dwelling or a dwelling that will imminently become available, 
        the covered housing provider shall report information about 
        that dwelling to the Director, including the following:
                  ``(A) Project name, if applicable.
                  ``(B) Dwelling address.
                  ``(C) Date of availability.
                  ``(D) Number of bedrooms.
                  ``(E) Restrictions on eligibility of potential 
                tenants under the covered housing program for that 
                dwelling.
                  ``(F) Accessibility, including whether the dwelling 
                is accessible by elevator.
                  ``(G) Smoking policy.
                  ``(H) Pet policy.
                  ``(I) Monthly rent and estimated utilities.
                  ``(J) Eligibility of the dwelling for assistance 
                under other covered housing programs.
                  ``(K) Property manager contact information.
                  ``(L) Legal owner.
          ``(3) Data access.--The Director shall have access to all 
        information in the database and shall regularly monitor its 
        usage. The Director shall determine how covered housing 
        providers shall have access to the database, and establish 
        policies for the coordination of emergency transfers across 
        jurisdictions.
  ``(d) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
          ``(1) to limit any claim filed or other proceeding commenced, 
        by the date of enactment of the Violence Against Women 
        Reauthorization Act of 2019, with regard to any right, remedy, 
        or procedure otherwise available under the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-162, 119 
        Stat. 2960), as in effect on the day prior to such date of 
        enactment; or
          ``(2) to supersede any provision of any Federal, State, or 
        local law that provides greater protection than this subsection 
        for victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking.

``SEC. 41414. PROHIBITION ON RETALIATION.

  ``(a) Nondiscrimination Requirement.--No covered housing provider 
shall discriminate against any person because that person has opposed 
any act or practice made unlawful by this subtitle, or because that 
individual testified, assisted, or participated in any matter related 
to this subtitle.
  ``(b) Prohibition on Coercion.--No covered housing provider shall 
coerce, intimidate, threaten, or interfere with, or retaliate against, 
any person in the exercise or enjoyment of, or on account of the person 
having exercised or enjoyed, or on account of the person having aided 
or encouraged any other individual in the exercise or enjoyment of, any 
rights or protections under this subtitle, including--
          ``(1) intimidating or threatening any person because that 
        person is assisting or encouraging an individual entitled to 
        claim the rights or protections under this subtitle; and
          ``(2) retaliating against any person because that person has 
        participated in any investigation or action to enforce this 
        subtitle.
  ``(c) Enforcement Authority of the Secretary.--The authority of the 
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the Office for Fair 
Housing and Equal Opportunity to enforce this section shall be the same 
as the Fair Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 3610 et seq.).''.

SEC. 603. PROTECTING THE RIGHT TO REPORT CRIME FROM ONE'S HOME.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of subtitle N of title IV of the Violence 
Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12491 et seq.), as amended by this 
Act, is further amended by inserting after section 41414 the following:

``SEC. 41415. RIGHT TO REPORT CRIME AND EMERGENCIES FROM ONE'S HOME.

  ``(a) In General.--Landlords, homeowners, residents, occupants, and 
guests of, and applicants for, housing assisted under a covered housing 
program shall have the right to seek law enforcement or emergency 
assistance on their own behalf or on behalf of another person in need 
of assistance, and shall not be penalized based on their requests for 
assistance or based on criminal activity of which they are a victim or 
otherwise not at fault under statutes, ordinances, regulations, or 
policies adopted or enforced by covered governmental entities as 
defined in subsection (d). Penalties that are prohibited include--
          ``(1) actual or threatened assessment of penalties, fees, or 
        fines;
          ``(2) actual or threatened eviction;
          ``(3) actual or threatened refusal to rent or renew tenancy;
          ``(4) actual or threatened refusal to issue an occupancy 
        permit or landlord permit; and
          ``(5) actual or threatened closure of the property, or 
        designation of the property as a nuisance or a similarly 
        negative designation.
  ``(b) Reporting.--Consistent with the process provided for in section 
104(b) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 
5304(b)), covered governmental entities shall--
          ``(1) report any of their laws or policies, or, as 
        applicable, the laws or policies adopted by subgrantees, that 
        impose penalties on landlords, homeowners, residents, 
        occupants, guests, or housing applicants based on requests for 
        law enforcement or emergency assistance or based on criminal 
        activity that occurred at a property; and
          ``(2) certify that they are in compliance with the 
        protections under this subtitle or describe the steps they will 
        take within 180 days to come into compliance, or to ensure 
        compliance among subgrantees.
  ``(c) Oversight.--Oversight and accountability mechanisms provided 
for under title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3601 et 
seq.) shall be available to address violations of this section.
  ``(d) Definition.--For purposes of this section, `covered 
governmental entity' shall mean any municipal, county, or state 
government that receives funding pursuant to section 106 of the Housing 
and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5306).
  ``(e) Subgrantees.--For those covered governmental entities that 
distribute funds to subgrantees, compliance with subsection (b)(1) 
includes inquiring about the existence of laws and policies adopted by 
subgrantees that impose penalties on landlords, homeowners, residents, 
occupants, guests, or housing applicants based on requests for law 
enforcement or emergency assistance or based on criminal activity that 
occurred at a property.''.
  (b) Supporting Effective, Alternative Crime Reduction Methods.--
          (1) Additional authorized use of byrne-jag funds.--Section 
        501(a)(1) of subpart 1 of part E of title I of the Omnibus 
        Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
        10152(a)(1)) is amended by adding after subparagraph (H) the 
        following:
                  ``(I) Programs for the development and implementation 
                of alternative methods of reducing crime in 
                communities, to supplant punitive programs or policies. 
                For purposes of this subparagraph, a punitive program 
                or policy is a program or policy that (i) imposes a 
                penalty on a victim of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking, on the basis of 
                a request by the victim for law enforcement or 
                emergency assistance; or (ii) imposes a penalty on such 
                a victim because of criminal activity at the property 
                in which the victim resides.''.
          (2) Additional authorized use of cops funds.--Section 1701(b) 
        of part Q of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
        Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10381(b)) is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (22), by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon;
                  (B) in paragraph (23), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(24) to develop and implement alternative methods of 
        reducing crime in communities, to supplant punitive programs or 
        policies (as such term is defined in section 501(a)(1)(I)).''.
          (3) Additional authorized use of grants to encourage arrest 
        policies.--Section 2101(b) of part U of title I of the Omnibus 
        Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10461(b)) 
        is amended by adding after paragraph (22) the following:
          ``(23) To develop and implement alternative methods of 
        reducing crime in communities, to supplant punitive programs or 
        policies. For purposes of this paragraph, a punitive program or 
        policy is a program or policy that (A) imposes a penalty on a 
        victim of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking, on the basis of a request by the victim for law 
        enforcement or emergency assistance; or (B) imposes a penalty 
        on such a victim because of criminal activity at the property 
        in which the victim resides.''.

SEC. 604. TRANSITIONAL HOUSING ASSISTANCE GRANTS FOR VICTIMS OF 
                    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, 
                    OR STALKING.

  Section 40299 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12351) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                  (A) by striking ``the Director of the Violence 
                Against Women Office'' and inserting ``the Director of 
                the Office on Violence Against Women''; and
                  (B) by inserting after ``, other nonprofit, 
                nongovernmental organizations'' the following: ``, 
                population-specific organizations''; and
          (2) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2014 through 
                2018'' and inserting ``2020 through 2024''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``5 percent'' and 
                inserting ``8 percent''.

SEC. 605. ADDRESSING THE HOUSING NEEDS OF VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, 
                    DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING.

  (a) McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants.--Section 423(a) of the 
McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11383(a)) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (6), by inserting after ``currently residing 
        in permanent housing,'' the following: ``who are seeking an 
        external emergency transfer (as such term is defined in section 
        41411 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994) pursuant to 
        section 41411 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994,''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(13) Facilitating and coordinating activities to ensure 
        compliance with section 41411(e) of the Violence Against Women 
        Act of 1994, including, in consultation with the regional 
        office (if applicable) of the appropriate agency (as such term 
        is defined in section 41411 of the Violence Against Women Act 
        of 1994), development of external emergency transfer memoranda 
        of understanding between covered housing providers, 
        participating in the local Continua of Care, facilitation of 
        external emergency transfers between those covered housing 
        providers participating in the local Continua of Care, and 
        monitoring compliance with the confidentiality protections of 
        section 41411(c)(4) of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 
        for reporting to that regional office.''.
  (b) Allocation of Amounts and Incentives for Specific Eligible 
Activities.--Section 428 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act 
(42 U.S.C. 11386b) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Development of supportive services and coordination 
        regarding emergency transfers.--The Secretary shall provide 
        bonuses or other incentives to geographic areas for developing 
        supportive services under section 423(a)(6) and facilitating 
        and coordinating activities for emergency transfers under 
        section 423(a)(13) that have been proven to be effective at 
        reducing homelessness among victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking.''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(f) Minimum Allocation for Monitoring and Facilitating 
Compliance.--From the amounts made available to carry out this part for 
a fiscal year, a portion equal to not less than 5 percent of the sums 
made available to carry out part B and this part shall be made 
available to monitor and facilitate compliance with section 41411 of 
the Violence Against Women Act of 1994, including supportive services 
under section 423(a)(6) and facilitation and coordination activities 
under section 423(a)(13).''.
  (c) Definition of Domestic Violence and Other Dangerous or Life-
Threatening Conditions Amended.--Section 103(b) of the McKinney-Vento 
Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11302(b)) is amended by striking 
``in the individual's or family's current housing situation''.
  (d) Collaborative Grants To Increase the Long-Term Stability of 
Victims.--Section 41404(i) of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 
(34 U.S.C. 12474(i)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.
  (e) Grants To Combat Violence Against Women in Public and Assisted 
Housing.--Section 41405 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 
U.S.C. 12475) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``the Director of the 
        Violence Against Women Office'' and inserting ``the Director of 
        the Office on Violence Against Women'';
          (2) in subsection (c)(2)(D), by inserting after 
        ``linguistically and culturally specific service providers,'' 
        the following: ``population-specific organizations,''; and
          (3) in subsection (g), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
        inserting the following: ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 606. UNITED STATES HOUSING ACT OF 1937 AMENDMENTS.

  Section 5A(d) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
1437c-1(d)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (13), to read as follows:
          ``(13) Domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking programs.--
                  ``(A) Copies.--A copy of--
                          ``(i) all standardized notices issued 
                        pursuant to the housing protections under 
                        subtitle N of the Violence Against Women Act of 
                        1994, including the notice required under 
                        section 41411(d) of the Violence Against Women 
                        Act of 1994;
                          ``(ii) the emergency transfer plan issued 
                        pursuant to section 41411 of the Violence 
                        Against Women Act of 1994; and
                          ``(iii) any and all memoranda of 
                        understanding with other covered housing 
                        providers developed to facilitate emergency 
                        transfers under section 41411(e) of the 
                        Violence Against Women Act of 1994.
                  ``(B) Descriptions.--A description of--
                          ``(i) any activities, services, or programs 
                        provided or offered by an agency, either 
                        directly or in partnership with other service 
                        providers, to child or adult victims of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking;
                          ``(ii) any activities, services, or programs 
                        provided or offered by a public housing agency 
                        that helps child and adult victims of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking, to obtain or maintain housing;
                          ``(iii) any activities, services, or programs 
                        provided or offered by a public housing agency 
                        to prevent domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, and stalking, or to enhance 
                        victim safety in assisted families; and
                          ``(iv) all training and support services 
                        offered to staff of the public housing agency 
                        to provide a basic understanding of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                        stalking, and to facilitate implementation of 
                        the housing protections of section 41411 of the 
                        Violence Against Women Act of 1994.''; and
          (2) in pararaph (16), by inserting ``the Violence Against 
        Women Act of 1994,'' before ``the Fair Housing Act''.

                TITLE VII--ECONOMIC SECURITY FOR VICTIMS

SEC. 701. FINDINGS.

  Congress finds the following:
          (1) Over 1 in 3 women experience sexual violence, and 1 in 5 
        women have survived completed or attempted rape. Such violence 
        has a devastating impact on women's physical and emotional 
        health, financial security, and ability to maintain their jobs, 
        and thus impacts interstate commerce and economic security.
          (2) The Office on Violence Against Women of the Department of 
        Justice defines domestic violence as a pattern of abusive 
        behavior in any relationship that is used by one intimate 
        partner to gain or maintain power and control over another 
        intimate partner. Domestic violence can include physical, 
        sexual, emotional, economic, or psychological actions or 
        threats of actions that influence another person. Domestic 
        violence includes any behaviors that intimidate, manipulate, 
        humiliate, isolate, frighten, terrorize, coerce, threaten, 
        blame, hurt, injure, or wound an individual.
          (3) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report 
        that domestic violence or intimate partner violence is a 
        serious public health issue for millions of individuals in the 
        United States. Nearly 1 in 4 women and 1 in 9 men in the United 
        States have suffered sexual violence, physical violence, or 
        stalking by an intimate partner.
          (4) Homicide is one of the leading causes of death for women 
        on the job. Domestic partners or relatives commit 43 percent of 
        workplace homicides against women. One study found that 
        intimate partner violence resulted in 142 homicides among women 
        at work in the United States from 2003 to 2008, a figure which 
        represents 22 percent of the 648 workplace homicides among 
        women during the period. In fact, in 2010, homicides against 
        women at work increased by 13 percent despite continuous 
        declines in overall workplace homicides in recent years.
          (5) Women in the United States are 11 times more likely to be 
        murdered with guns than women in other high-income countries. 
        Female intimate partners are more likely to be murdered with a 
        firearm than all other means combined. The presence of a gun in 
        domestic violence situations increases the risk of homicide for 
        women by 500 percent.
          (6) Violence can have a dramatic impact on the survivor of 
        such violence. Studies indicate that 44 percent of surveyed 
        employed adults experienced the effect of domestic violence in 
        the workplace, and 64 percent indicated their workplace 
        performance was affected by such violence. Another recent 
        survey found that 78 percent of offenders used workplace 
        resources to express anger, check up on, pressure, or threaten 
        a survivor. Sexual assault, whether occurring in or out of the 
        workplace, can impair an employee's work performance, require 
        time away from work, and undermine the employee's ability to 
        maintain a job. Nearly 50 percent of sexual assault survivors 
        lose their jobs or are forced to quit in the aftermath of the 
        assaults.
          (7) Studies find that 60 percent of single women lack 
        economic security and 81 percent of households with single 
        mothers live in economic insecurity. Significant barriers that 
        survivors confront include access to housing, transportation, 
        and child care. Ninety-two percent of homeless women have 
        experienced domestic violence, and more than 50 percent of such 
        women cite domestic violence as the direct cause for 
        homelessness. Survivors are deprived of their autonomy, 
        liberty, and security, and face tremendous threats to their 
        health and safety.
          (8) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report 
        that survivors of severe intimate partner violence lose nearly 
        8,000,000 days of paid work, which is the equivalent of more 
        than 32,000 full-time jobs and almost 5,600,000 days of 
        household productivity each year. Therefore, women 
        disproportionately need time off to care for their health or to 
        find safety solutions, such as obtaining a restraining order or 
        finding housing, to avoid or prevent further violence.
          (9) Annual costs of intimate partner violence are estimated 
        to be more than $8,300,000,000. According to the Centers for 
        Disease Control and Prevention, the costs of intimate partner 
        violence against women in 1995 exceeded an estimated 
        $5,800,000,000. These costs included nearly $4,100,000,000 in 
        the direct costs of medical and mental health care and nearly 
        $1,800,000,000 in the indirect costs of lost productivity. 
        These statistics are generally considered to be underestimated 
        because the costs associated with the criminal justice system 
        are not included.
          (10) Fifty-five percent of senior executives recently 
        surveyed said domestic violence has a harmful effect on their 
        company's productivity, and more than 70 percent said domestic 
        violence negatively affects attendance. Seventy-eight percent 
        of human resources professionals consider partner violence a 
        workplace issue. However, more than 70 percent of United States 
        workplaces have no formal program or policy that addresses 
        workplace violence, let alone domestic violence. In fact, only 
        four percent of employers provided training on domestic 
        violence.
          (11) Studies indicate that one of the best predictors of 
        whether a survivor will be able to stay away from his or her 
        abuser is the degree of his or her economic independence. 
        However, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        and stalking often negatively impact a survivor's ability to 
        maintain employment.
          (12) Abusers frequently seek to exert financial control over 
        their partners by actively interfering with their ability to 
        work, including preventing their partners from going to work, 
        harassing their partners at work, limiting their partners' 
        access to cash or transportation, and sabotaging their 
        partners' child care arrangements.
          (13) Economic abuse refers to behaviors that control an 
        intimate partner's ability to acquire, use, and maintain access 
        to, money, credit, ownership of assets, or access to 
        governmental or private financial benefits, including 
        defaulting on joint obligations (such as school loans, credit 
        card debt, mortgages, or rent). Other forms of such abuse may 
        include preventing someone from attending school, threatening 
        to or actually terminating employment, controlling or 
        withholding access to cash, checking, or credit accounts, and 
        attempting to damage or sabotage the creditworthiness of an 
        intimate partner, including forcing an intimate partner to 
        write bad checks, forcing an intimate partner to default on 
        payments related to household needs, such as housing, or 
        forcing an intimate partner into bankruptcy.
          (14) The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public 
        Law 111-148), and the amendments made by such Act, ensures that 
        most health plans must cover preventive services, including 
        screening and counseling for domestic violence, at no 
        additional cost. In addition, it prohibits insurance companies 
        from discriminating against patients for preexisting 
        conditions, like domestic violence.
          (15) Yet, more can be done to help survivors. Federal law in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act does 
        not explicitly--
                  (A) authorize survivors of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking to take leave 
                from work to seek legal assistance and redress, 
                counseling, or assistance with safety planning 
                activities;
                  (B) address the eligibility of survivors of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
                for unemployment compensation;
                  (C) provide job protection to survivors of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking;
                  (D) prohibit insurers and employers who self-insure 
                employee benefits from discriminating against survivors 
                of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
                or stalking and those who help them in determining 
                eligibility, rates charged, and standards for payment 
                of claims; or
                  (E) prohibit insurers from disclosing information 
                about abuse and the location of the survivors through 
                insurance databases and other means.
          (16) This Act aims to empower survivors of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking to be free from 
        violence, hardship, and control, which restrains basic human 
        rights to freedom and safety in the United States.

SEC. 702. NATIONAL RESOURCE CENTER ON WORKPLACE RESPONSES TO ASSIST 
                    VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE.

  Section 41501 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 
1994 (34 U.S.C. 12501) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by inserting ``and sexual harassment'' after 
                ``domestic and sexual violence''; and
                  (B) by striking ``employers and labor organizations'' 
                and inserting ``employers, labor organizations, and 
                victim service providers'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``and stalking'' and 
        inserting ``stalking, and sexual harassment'';
          (3) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting before the period at 
        the end ``or sexual harassment'';
          (4) in subsection (c)(2)(A), by inserting ``or sexual 
        harassment;'' after ``sexual violence''; and
          (5) in subsection (e), by striking ``$1,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$2,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 703. ENTITLEMENT TO UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR VICTIMS OF 
                    SEXUAL AND OTHER HARASSMENT AND SURVIVORS OF 
                    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, 
                    OR STALKING.

  (a) Unemployment Compensation.--
          (1) Section 3304(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
        amended by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (18), by 
        redesignating paragraph (19) as paragraph (20), and by 
        inserting after paragraph (18) the following new paragraphs:
          ``(19) no person may be denied compensation under such State 
        law solely on the basis of the individual having a voluntary 
        separation from work if such separation is attributable to such 
        individual being a victim of sexual or other harassment or a 
        survivor of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking; and''.
          (2) Section 3304 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  ``(g) Sexual or Other Harassment; etc.--
          ``(1) Documentation.--For purposes of subsection (a)(19), a 
        voluntary separation of an individual shall be considered to be 
        attributable to such individual being a survivor of victim of 
        sexual or other harassment or a survivor of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking if such individual 
        submits such evidence as the State deems sufficient.
          ``(2) Sufficient documentation.--For purposes of paragraph 
        (1), a State shall deem sufficient, at a minimum--
                  ``(A) evidence of such harassment, violence, assault, 
                or stalking in the form of--
                          ``(i) a sworn statement and a form of 
                        identification,
                          ``(ii) a police or court record, or
                          ``(iii) documentation from a survivor 
                        services organization, an attorney, a police 
                        officer, a medical professional, a social 
                        worker, an antiviolence counselor, a member of 
                        the clergy, or another professional, and
                  ``(B) an attestation that such voluntary separation 
                is attributable to such harassment, violence, assault, 
                or stalking.
          ``(3) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
                  ``(A) The terms `domestic violence', `dating 
                violence', `sexual assault', and `stalking' have the 
                meanings given such terms in section 40002 of the 
                Violence Against Women Act of 1994.
                  ``(B) The term `survivor of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking' has the meaning 
                given such term in section 41502 of the Violence 
                Against Women Act of 1994.
                  ``(C) The term `survivor services organization' means 
                an organization exempt from tax under section 501(a) 
                that provides assistance to or advocates for survivors 
                of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
                or stalking.''.
  (b) Unemployment Compensation Personnel Training.--Section 303(a) of 
the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 503(a)) is amended--
          (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (12) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (13), respectively; and
          (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(4)(A) Such methods of administration as will ensure that--
                  ``(i) applicants for unemployment compensation and 
                individuals inquiring about such compensation are 
                notified of the provisions of section 3304(a)(19) of 
                the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and
                  ``(ii) claims reviewers and hearing personnel are 
                trained in--
                          ``(I) the nature and dynamics of sexual and 
                        other harassment, domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and
                          ``(II) methods of ascertaining and keeping 
                        confidential information about possible 
                        experiences of sexual and other harassment, 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking to ensure that--
                                  ``(aa) requests for unemployment 
                                compensation based on separations 
                                stemming from sexual and other 
                                harassment, domestic violence, dating 
                                violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
                                are identified and adjudicated; and
                                  ``(bb) confidentiality is provided 
                                for the individual's claim and 
                                submitted evidence.
          ``(B) For purposes of this paragraph--
                  ``(i) the terms `domestic violence', `dating 
                violence', `sexual assault', `stalking' have the 
                meanings given such terms in section 40002 of the 
                Violence Against Women Act of 1994 ;
                  ``(ii) the term `sexual and other harassment' has the 
                meaning given such term under State law, regulation, or 
                policy; and
                  ``(iii) the term `survivor of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking' means--
                          ``(I) a person who has experienced or is 
                        experiencing domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and
                          ``(II) a person whose family or household 
                        member has experienced or is experiencing 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking.''.
  (c) TANF Personnel Training.--Section 402(a) of the Social Security 
Act (42 U.S.C. 602(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
  ``(8) Certification That the State Will Provide Information to 
Survivors of Sexual and Other Harassment, Domestic Violence, Dating 
Violence, Sexual Assault, or Stalking.--
          ``(A) In general.--A certification by the chief executive 
        officer of the State that the State has established and is 
        enforcing standards and procedures to--
                  ``(i) ensure that applicants for assistance under 
                State program funded under this part and individuals 
                inquiring about such assistance are adequately notified 
                of--
                          ``(I) the provisions of section 3304(a)(19) 
                        of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and
                          ``(II) assistance made available by the State 
                        to survivors of sexual and other harassment, 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking;
                  ``(ii) ensure that case workers and other agency 
                personnel responsible for administering the State 
                program funded under this part are adequately trained 
                in--
                          ``(I) the nature and dynamics of sexual and 
                        other harassment, domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking;
                          ``(II) State standards and procedures 
                        relating to the prevention of, and assistance 
                        for individuals who are survivors of sexual and 
                        other harassment, domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and
                          ``(III) methods of ascertaining and keeping 
                        confidential information about possible 
                        experiences of sexual and other harassment, 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking;
                  ``(iii) ensure that, if a State has elected to 
                establish and enforce standards and procedures 
                regarding the screening for, and identification of, 
                domestic violence pursuant to paragraph (7)--
                          ``(I) applicants for assistance under the 
                        State program funded under this part and 
                        individuals inquiring about such assistance are 
                        adequately notified of options available under 
                        such standards and procedures; and
                          ``(II) case workers and other agency 
                        personnel responsible for administering the 
                        State program funded under this part are 
                        provided with adequate training regarding such 
                        standards and procedures and options available 
                        under such standards and procedures; and
                  ``(iv) ensure that the training required under 
                subparagraphs (B) and, if applicable, (C)(ii) is 
                provided through a training program operated by an 
                eligible entity.
                  ``(B) Definitions.--For purposes of this paragraph--
                          ``(i) the terms `domestic violence', `dating 
                        violence', `sexual assault', `stalking' have 
                        the meanings given such terms in section 40002 
                        of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 ;
                          ``(ii) the term `sexual and other harassment' 
                        has the meaning given such term under State 
                        law, regulation, or policy; and
                          ``(iii) the term `survivor of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking' means--
                                  ``(I) a person who has experienced or 
                                is experiencing domestic violence, 
                                dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                                stalking; and
                                  ``(II) a person whose family or 
                                household member has experienced or is 
                                experiencing domestic violence, dating 
                                violence, sexual assault, or 
                                stalking.''.
  (d) Sexual and Other Harassment, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, 
Sexual Assault, or Stalking Training Grant Program.--
          (1) Grants authorized.--The Secretary of Labor (in this 
        subsection referred to as the ``Secretary'') is authorized to 
        award--
                  (A) a grant to a national survivor services 
                organization in order for such organization to--
                          (i) develop and disseminate a model training 
                        program (and related materials) for the 
                        training required under section 303(a)(4)(B) of 
                        the Social Security Act, as added by subsection 
                        (b), and under subparagraph (B) and, if 
                        applicable, subparagraph (C)(ii) of section 
                        402(a)(8) of such Act, as added by subsection 
                        (c); and
                          (ii) provide technical assistance with 
                        respect to such model training program, 
                        including technical assistance to the temporary 
                        assistance for needy families program and 
                        unemployment compensation personnel; and
                  (B) grants to State, tribal, or local agencies in 
                order for such agencies to contract with eligible 
                entities to provide State, tribal, or local caseworkers 
                and other State, tribal, or local agency personnel 
                responsible for administering the temporary assistance 
                for needy families program established under part A of 
                title IV of the Social Security Act in a State or 
                Indian reservation with the training required under 
                subparagraph (B) and, if applicable, subparagraph 
                (C)(ii) of such section 402(a)(8).
          (2) Eligible entity defined.--For purposes of paragraph 
        (1)(B), the term ``eligible entity'' means an entity--
                  (A) that is--
                          (i) a State or tribal domestic violence 
                        coalition or sexual assault coalition;
                          (ii) a State or local survivor services 
                        organization with recognized expertise in the 
                        dynamics of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking whose primary 
                        mission is to provide services to survivors of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking, including a rape crisis 
                        center or domestic violence program; or
                          (iii) an organization with demonstrated 
                        expertise in State or county welfare laws and 
                        implementation of such laws and experience with 
                        disseminating information on such laws and 
                        implementation, but only if such organization 
                        will provide the required training in 
                        partnership with an entity described in clause 
                        (i) or (ii); and
                  (B) that--
                          (i) has demonstrated expertise in the 
                        dynamics of both domestic violence and sexual 
                        assault, such as a joint domestic violence and 
                        sexual assault coalition; or
                          (ii) will provide the required training in 
                        partnership with an entity described in clause 
                        (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A) in order to 
                        comply with the dual domestic violence and 
                        sexual assault expertise requirement under 
                        clause (i).
          (3) Application.--An entity seeking a grant under this 
        subsection shall submit an application to the Secretary at such 
        time, in such form and manner, and containing such information 
        as the Secretary specifies.
          (4) Reports.--
                  (A) Reports to congress.--Not later than a year after 
                the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
                thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
                report on the grant program established under this 
                subsection.
                  (B) Reports available to public.--The Secretary shall 
                establish procedures for the dissemination to the 
                public of each report submitted under subparagraph (A). 
                Such procedures shall include the use of the internet 
                to disseminate such reports.
          (5) Authorization of appropriations.--
                  (A) In general.--There are authorized to be 
                appropriated--
                          (i) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2020 to carry 
                        out the provisions of paragraph (1)(A); and
                          (ii) $12,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                        2020 through 2024 to carry out the provisions 
                        of paragraph (1)(B).
                  (B) Three-year availability of grant funds.--Each 
                recipient of a grant under this subsection shall return 
                to the Secretary any unused portion of such grant not 
                later than 3 years after the date the grant was 
                awarded, together with any earnings on such unused 
                portion.
                  (C) Amounts returned.--Any amounts returned pursuant 
                to subparagraph (B) shall be available without further 
                appropriation to the Secretary for the purpose of 
                carrying out the provisions of paragraph (1)(B).
  (e) Effect on Existing Laws, etc.--
          (1) More protective laws, agreements, programs, and plans.--
        Nothing in this title shall be construed to supersede any 
        provision of any Federal, State, or local law, collective 
        bargaining agreement, or employment benefits program or plan 
        that provides greater unemployment insurance benefits for 
        survivors of sexual and other harassment, domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking than the rights 
        established under this title.
          (2) Less protective laws, agreements, programs, and plans.--
        Any law, collective bargaining agreement, or employment 
        benefits program or plan of a State or unit of local government 
        is preempted to the extent that such law, agreement, or program 
        or plan would impair the exercise of any right established 
        under this title or the amendments made by this title.
  (f) Effective Date.--
          (1) Unemployment amendments.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B) and paragraph (2), the amendments made by this 
                section shall apply in the case of compensation paid 
                for weeks beginning on or after the expiration of 180-
                day period beginning on the date of enactment of this 
                Act.
                  (B) Extension of effective date for state law 
                amendment.--
                          (i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        paragraph (2), in a case in which the Secretary 
                        of Labor identifies a State as requiring a 
                        change to its statutes, regulations, or 
                        policies in order to comply with the amendments 
                        made by this section, such amendments shall 
                        apply in the case of compensation paid for 
                        weeks beginning after the earlier of--
                                  (I) the date the State changes its 
                                statutes, regulations, or policies in 
                                order to comply with such amendments; 
                                or
                                  (II) the end of the first session of 
                                the State legislature which begins 
                                after the date of enactment of this Act 
                                or which began prior to such date and 
                                remained in session for at least 25 
                                calendar days after such date, except 
                                that in no case shall such amendments 
                                apply before the date that is 180 days 
                                after the date of enactment of this 
                                Act.
                          (ii) Session defined.--In this subparagraph, 
                        the term ``session'' means a regular, special, 
                        budget, or other session of a State 
                        legislature.
          (2) TANF amendment.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), the amendment made by subsection (c) shall take 
                effect on the date of enactment of this Act.
                  (B) Extension of effective date for state law 
                amendment.--In the case of a State plan under part A of 
                title IV of the Social Security Act which the Secretary 
                of Health and Human Services determines requires State 
                action (including legislation, regulation, or other 
                administrative action) in order for the plan to meet 
                the additional requirements imposed by the amendment 
                made by subsection (c), the State plan shall not be 
                regarded as failing to comply with the requirements of 
                such amendment on the basis of its failure to meet 
                these additional requirements before the first day of 
                the first calendar quarter beginning after the close of 
                the first regular session of the State legislature that 
                begins after the date of enactment of this Act. For 
                purposes of the previous sentence, in the case of a 
                State that has a two-year legislative session, each 
                year of the session is considered to be a separate 
                regular session of the State legislature.
  (g) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``sexual and other 
harassment'', ``domestic violence'', ``dating violence'', ``sexual 
assault'', ``stalking'', ``survivor of sexual and other harassment, 
domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking'', and 
``survivor services organization'' have the meanings given such terms 
in section 3304(g) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

SEC. 704. STUDY AND REPORTS ON BARRIERS TO SURVIVORS' ECONOMIC SECURITY 
                    ACCESS.

  (a) Study.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall conduct a study on the 
barriers that survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking throughout the United States experience in 
maintaining economic security as a result of issues related to domestic 
violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
  (b) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this title, and every 5 years thereafter, the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall 
submit a report to Congress on the study conducted under subsection 
(a).
  (c) Contents.--The study and reports under this section shall 
include--
          (1) identification of geographic areas in which State laws, 
        regulations, and practices have a strong impact on the ability 
        of survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking to exercise--
                  (A) any rights under this Act without compromising 
                personal safety or the safety of others, including 
                family members and excluding the abuser; and
                  (B) other components of economic security;
          (2) identification of geographic areas with shortages in 
        resources for such survivors, with an accompanying analysis of 
        the extent and impact of such shortage;
          (3) analysis of factors related to industries, workplace 
        settings, employer practices, trends, and other elements that 
        impact the ability of such survivors to exercise any rights 
        under this Act without compromising personal safety or the 
        safety of others, including family members;
          (4) the recommendations of the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services and the Secretary of Labor with respect to resources, 
        oversight, and enforcement tools to ensure successful 
        implementation of the provisions of this Act in order to 
        support the economic security and safety of survivors of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking; and
          (5) best practices for States, employers, health carriers, 
        insurers, and other private entities in addressing issues 
        related to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking.

SEC. 705. GAO STUDY.

  Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committee 
on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a report that 
examines, with respect to survivors of domestic violence, dating 
violence, sexual assault, or stalking who are, or were, enrolled at 
institutions of higher education and borrowed a loan made, insured, or 
guaranteed under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 1070 et seq.) for which the survivors have not repaid the total 
interest and principal due, each of the following:
          (1) The implications of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking on a borrower's ability to repay 
        their Federal student loans.
          (2) The adequacy of policies and procedures regarding Federal 
        student loan deferment, forbearance, and grace periods when a 
        survivor has to suspend or terminate the survivor's enrollment 
        at an institution of higher education due to domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
          (3) The adequacy of institutional policies and practices 
        regarding retention or transfer of credits when a survivor has 
        to suspend or terminate the survivor's enrollment at an 
        institution of higher education due to domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
          (4) The availability or any options for a survivor of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
        who attended an institution of higher education that committed 
        unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices, or otherwise 
        substantially misrepresented information to students, to be 
        able to seek a defense to repayment of the survivor's Federal 
        student loan.
          (5) The limitations faced by a survivor of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking to obtain any 
        relief or restitution on the survivor's Federal student loan 
        debt due to the use of forced arbitration, gag orders, or bans 
        on class actions.

SEC. 706. EDUCATION AND INFORMATION PROGRAMS FOR SURVIVORS.

  (a) Public Education Campaign.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary of Labor, in conjunction with 
        the Secretary of Health and Human Services (through the 
        Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and 
        the grant recipient under section 41501 of the Violence Against 
        Women Act of 1994 that establishes the national resource center 
        on workplace responses to assist victims of domestic and sexual 
        violence) and the Attorney General (through the Principal 
        Deputy Director of the Office on Violence Against Women), shall 
        coordinate and provide for a national public outreach and 
        education campaign to raise public awareness of the workplace 
        impact of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        and stalking, including outreach and education for employers, 
        service providers, teachers, and other key partners. This 
        campaign shall pay special attention to ensure that survivors 
        are made aware of the existence of the following types of 
        workplace laws (federal and/or State): anti-discrimination laws 
        that bar treating survivors differently; leave laws, both paid 
        and unpaid that are available for use by survivors; 
        unemployment insurance laws and policies that address survivor 
        eligibility.
          (2) Dissemination.--The Secretary of Labor, in conjunction 
        with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the 
        Attorney General, as described in paragraph (1), may 
        disseminate information through the public outreach and 
        education campaign on the resources and rights referred to in 
        this subsection directly or through arrangements with health 
        agencies, professional and nonprofit organizations, consumer 
        groups, labor organizations, institutions of higher education, 
        clinics, the media, and Federal, State, and local agencies.
          (3) Information.--The information disseminated under 
        paragraph (2) shall include, at a minimum, a description of--
                  (A) the resources and rights that are--
                          (i) available to survivors of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking; and
                          (ii) established in this Act and the Violence 
                        Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C.12291 et 
                        seq.);
                  (B) guidelines and best practices on prevention of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, and 
                sexual assault;
                  (C) resources that promote healthy relationships and 
                communication skills;
                  (D) resources that encourage bystander intervention 
                in a situation involving domestic violence, dating 
                violence, stalking, or sexual assault;
                  (E) resources that promote workplace policies that 
                support and help maintain the economic security of 
                survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking; and
                  (F) resources and rights that the heads of Federal 
                agencies described in paragraph (2) determine are 
                appropriate to include.
  (b) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Employee.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``employee'' means any 
                individual employed by an employer. In the case of an 
                individual employed by a public agency, such term means 
                an individual employed as described in section 3(e)(2) 
                of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 
                203(e)(2)).
                  (B) Basis.--The term includes a person employed as 
                described in subparagraph (A) on a full- or part-time 
                basis, for a fixed time period, on a temporary basis, 
                pursuant to a detail, or as a participant in a work 
                assignment as a condition of receipt of Federal or 
                State income-based public assistance.
          (2) Employer.--The term ``employer''--
                  (A) means any person engaged in commerce or in any 
                industry or activity affecting commerce who employs 15 
                or more individuals; and
                  (B) includes any person acting directly or indirectly 
                in the interest of an employer in relation to an 
                employee, and includes a public agency that employs 
                individuals as described in section 3(e)(2) of the Fair 
                Labor Standards Act of 1938, but does not include any 
                labor organization (other than when acting as an 
                employer) or anyone acting in the capacity of officer 
                or agent of such labor organization.
          (3) FLSA terms.--The terms ``employ'' and ``State'' have the 
        meanings given the terms in section 3 of the Fair Labor 
        Standards Act of 1938 section 3 of the Fair Labor Standards Act 
        of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203).
  (c) Study on Workplace Responses.--The Secretary of Labor, in 
conjunction with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall 
conduct a study on the status of workplace responses to employees who 
experience domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
stalking while employed, in each State and nationally, to improve the 
access of survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking to supportive resources and economic security.
  (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section, such sums as may be necessary 
for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.

SEC. 707. SEVERABILITY.

  If any provision of this Act, any amendment made by this Act, or the 
application of such provision or amendment to any person or 
circumstance is held to be unconstitutional, the remainder of the 
provisions of this Act, the amendments made by this Act, and the 
application of such provisions or amendments to any person or 
circumstance shall not be affected.

               TITLE VIII--HOMICIDE REDUCTION INITIATIVES

SEC. 801. PROHIBITING PERSONS CONVICTED OF MISDEMEANOR CRIMES AGAINST 
                    DATING PARTNERS AND PERSONS SUBJECT TO PROTECTION 
                    ORDERS.

  Section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (32), by striking all that follows after 
        ``The term `intimate partner''' and inserting the following: 
        ``--
                  ``(A) means, with respect to a person, the spouse of 
                the person, a former spouse of the person, an 
                individual who is a parent of a child of the person, 
                and an individual who cohabitates or has cohabited with 
                the person; and
                  ``(B) includes--
                          ``(i) a dating partner or former dating 
                        partner (as defined in section 2266); and
                          ``(ii) any other person similarly situated to 
                        a spouse who is protected by the domestic or 
                        family violence laws of the State or tribal 
                        jurisdiction in which the injury occurred or 
                        where the victim resides.'';
          (2) in paragraph (33)(A)--
                  (A) in clause (i), by inserting after ``Federal, 
                State,'' the following: ``municipal,''; and
                  (B) in clause (ii), by inserting ``intimate 
                partner,'' after ``spouse,'' each place it appears;
          (3) by redesignating paragraphs (34) and (35) as paragraphs 
        (35) and (36) respectively; and
          (4) by inserting after paragraph (33) the following:
          ``(34)(A) the term `misdemeanor crime of stalking' means an 
        offense that--
                  ``(i) is a misdemeanor crime of stalking under 
                Federal, State, Tribal, or municipal law; and
                  ``(ii) is a course of harassment, intimidation, or 
                surveillance of another person that--
                          ``(I) places that person in reasonable fear 
                        of material harm to the health or safety of--
                                  ``(aa) that person;
                                  ``(bb) an immediate family member (as 
                                defined in section 115) of that person;
                                  ``(cc) a household member of that 
                                person; or
                                  ``(dd) a spouse or intimate partner 
                                of that person; or
                          ``(II) causes, attempts to cause, or would 
                        reasonably be expected to cause emotional 
                        distress to a person described in item (aa), 
                        (bb), (cc), or (dd) of subclause (I).
          ``(B) A person shall not be considered to have been convicted 
        of such an offense for purposes of this chapter, unless--
                  ``(i) the person was represented by counsel in the 
                case, or knowingly and intelligently waived the right 
                to counsel in the case; and
                  ``(ii) in the case of a prosecution for an offense 
                described in this paragraph for which a person was 
                entitled to a jury trial in the jurisdiction in which 
                the case was tried, either--
                          ``(I) the case was tried by a jury; or
                          ``(II) the person knowingly and intelligently 
                        waived the right to have the case tried by a 
                        jury, by guilty plea or otherwise.
          ``(C) A person shall not be considered to have been convicted 
        of such an offense for purposes of this chapter if the 
        conviction has been expunged or set aside, or is an offense for 
        which the person has been pardoned or has had civil rights 
        restored (if the law of the applicable jurisdiction provides 
        for the loss of civil rights under such an offense) unless the 
        pardon, expungement, or restoration of civil rights expressly 
        provides that the person may not ship, transport, possess, or 
        receive firearms.''.

SEC. 802. PROHIBITING STALKERS AND INDIVIDUALS SUBJECT TO COURT ORDER 
                    FROM POSSESSING A FIREARM.

  Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (8), by striking ``that restrains 
                such person'' and all that follows, and inserting 
                ``described in subsection (g)(8);'';
                  (B) in paragraph (9), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; or'';
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
          ``(10) who has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor 
        crime of stalking.''; and
          (2) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) by amending paragraph (8) to read as follows:
          ``(8) who is subject to a court order--
                  ``(A) that was issued--
                          ``(i) after a hearing of which such person 
                        received actual notice, and at which such 
                        person had an opportunity to participate; or
                          ``(ii) in the case of an ex parte order, 
                        relative to which notice and opportunity to be 
                        heard are provided--
                                  ``(I) within the time required by 
                                State, tribal, or territorial law; and
                                  ``(II) in any event within a 
                                reasonable time after the order is 
                                issued, sufficient to protect the due 
                                process rights of the person;
                  ``(B) that restrains such person from--
                          ``(i) harassing, stalking, or threatening an 
                        intimate partner of such person or child of 
                        such intimate partner or person, or engaging in 
                        other conduct that would place an intimate 
                        partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to 
                        the partner or child; or
                          ``(ii) intimidating or dissuading a witness 
                        from testifying in court; and
                  ``(C) that--
                          ``(i) includes a finding that such person 
                        represents a credible threat to the physical 
                        safety of such individual described in 
                        subparagraph (B); or
                          ``(ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits the 
                        use, attempted use, or threatened use of 
                        physical force against such individual 
                        described in subparagraph (B) that would 
                        reasonably be expected to cause bodily 
                        injury;'';
                  (B) in paragraph (9), by striking the comma at the 
                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
          ``(10) who has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor 
        crime of stalking,''.

                   TITLE IX--SAFETY FOR INDIAN WOMEN

SEC. 901. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

  (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
          (1) American Indians and Alaska Natives are 2.5 times as 
        likely to experience violent crimes--and at least 2 times more 
        likely to experience rape or sexual assault crimes--compared to 
        all other races.
          (2) More than 4 in 5 American Indian and Alaska Native women, 
        or 84.3 percent, have experienced violence in their lifetime.
          (3) The vast majority of Native victims--96% of women and 89% 
        of male victims--report being victimized by a non-Indian.
          (4) Native victims of sexual violence are three times as 
        likely to have experienced sexual violence by an interracial 
        perpetrator as non-Hispanic White victims and Native stalking 
        victims are nearly 4 times as likely to be stalked by someone 
        of a different race.
          (5) While tribes exercising jurisdiction over non-Indians 
        have reported significant successes, the inability to prosecute 
        crimes related to the Special Domestic Violence Criminal 
        Jurisdiction crimes continues to leave Tribes unable to fully 
        hold domestic violence offenders accountable.
          (6) Tribal prosecutors report that the majority of domestic 
        violence cases involve children either as witnesses or victims, 
        and Department of Justice reports that American Indian and 
        Alaska Native children suffer exposure to violence at rates 
        higher than any other race in the United States.
          (7) Childhood exposure to violence has immediate and long-
        term effects, including: increased rates of altered 
        neurological development, poor physical and mental health, poor 
        school performance, substance abuse, and overrepresentation in 
        the juvenile justice system.
          (8) According to the Centers for Disease Control and 
        Prevention, homicide is the third leading cause of death among 
        American Indian and Alaska Native women between 10 and 24 years 
        of age and the fifth leading cause of death for American Indian 
        and Alaska Native women between 25 and 34 years of age.
          (9) On some reservations, Indian women are murdered at more 
        than 10 times the national average.
          (10) According to a 2010 Government Accountability Office 
        report, United States Attorneys declined to prosecute nearly 52 
        percent of violent crimes that occur in Indian country.
          (11) Investigation into cases of missing and murdered Indian 
        women is made difficult for tribal law enforcement agencies due 
        to a lack of resources, such as--
                  (A) necessary training, equipment, or funding;
                  (B) a lack of interagency cooperation; and
                  (C) a lack of appropriate laws in place.
          (12) Domestic violence calls are among the most dangerous 
        calls that law enforcement receives.
          (13) The complicated jurisdictional scheme that exists in 
        Indian country--
                  (A) has a significant negative impact on the ability 
                to provide public safety to Indian communities;
                  (B) has been increasingly exploited by criminals; and
                  (C) requires a high degree of commitment and 
                cooperation among tribal, Federal, and State law 
                enforcement officials.
          (14) Restoring and enhancing local, tribal capacity to 
        address violence against women provides for greater local 
        control, safety, accountability, and transparency.
          (15) In States with restrictive land settlement acts such as 
        Alaska, ``Indian country'' is limited, resources for local 
        tribal responses either nonexistent or insufficient to meet the 
        needs, jurisdiction unnecessarily complicated and increases the 
        already high levels of victimization of American Indian and 
        Alaska Native women. According to the Tribal Law and Order Act 
        Commission Report, Alaska Native women are over-represented in 
        the domestic violence victim population by 250 percent; they 
        comprise 19 percent of the State population, but are 47 percent 
        of reported rape victims. And among other Indian Tribes, Alaska 
        Native women suffer the highest rates of domestic and sexual 
        violence in the country.
  (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this title are--
          (1) to clarify the responsibilities of Federal, State, 
        tribal, and local governments with respect to responding to 
        cases of domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, 
        trafficking, sexual violence, crimes against children, and 
        assault against tribal law enforcement officers and murdered 
        Indians;
          (2) to increase coordination and communication among Federal, 
        State, tribal, and local law enforcement agencies; and
          (3) to empower tribal governments with the resources and 
        information necessary to effectively respond to cases of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, sex trafficking, 
        sexual violence, and missing and murdered Indians; and
          (4) to increase the collection of data related to missing and 
        murdered Indians and the sharing of information among Federal, 
        State, and tribal officials responsible for responding to and 
        investigating cases of missing and murdered Indians.

SEC. 902. AUTHORIZING FUNDING FOR THE TRIBAL ACCESS PROGRAM.

  Section 534 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
  ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024, to 
remain available until expended, for the purposes of enhancing the 
ability of tribal government entities to access, enter information 
into, and obtain information from, Federal criminal information 
databases, as authorized by this section.''.

SEC. 903. TRIBAL JURISDICTION OVER CRIMES OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
                    VIOLENCE, OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE, SEXUAL VIOLENCE, 
                    SEX TRAFFICKING, STALKING, AND ASSAULT OF A LAW 
                    ENFORCEMENT OFFICER OR CORRECTIONS OFFICER.

  Section 204 of Public Law 90-284 (25 U.S.C. 1304) (commonly known as 
the ``Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968'') is amended--
          (1) in the heading, by striking ``crimes of domestic 
        violence'' and inserting ``crimes of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, obstruction of justice, sexual violence, sex 
        trafficking, stalking, and assault of a law enforcement or 
        corrections officer'';
          (2) in paragraph (6), in the heading, by striking ``special 
        domestic violence criminal jurisdiction'' and inserting 
        ``special tribal criminal jurisdiction'';
          (3) by striking ``special domestic violence criminal 
        jurisdiction'' each place such term appears and inserting 
        ``special tribal criminal jurisdiction'';
          (4) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(12) Stalking.--The term `stalking' means engaging in a 
        course of conduct directed at a specific person proscribed by 
        the criminal law of the Indian tribe that has jurisdiction over 
        the Indian country where the violation occurs that would cause 
        a reasonable person to--
                  ``(A) fear for the person's safety or the safety of 
                others; or
                  ``(B) suffer substantial emotional distress.'';
                  (B) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as 
                paragraphs (10) and (11);
                  (C) by inserting before paragraph (10) (as 
                redesignated) the following:
          ``(8) Sex trafficking.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `sex trafficking' means 
                conduct--
                          ``(i) consisting of--
                                  ``(I) recruiting, enticing, 
                                harboring, transporting, providing, 
                                obtaining, advertising, maintaining, 
                                patronizing, or soliciting by any means 
                                a person; or
                                  ``(II) benefitting, financially or by 
                                receiving anything of value, from 
                                participation in a venture that has 
                                engaged in an act described in 
                                subclause (I); and
                          ``(ii) carried out with the knowledge, or, 
                        except where the act constituting the violation 
                        of clause (i) is advertising, in reckless 
                        disregard of the fact, that--
                                  ``(I) means of force, threats of 
                                force, fraud, coercion, or any 
                                combination of such means will be used 
                                to cause the person to engage in a 
                                commercial sex act; or
                                  ``(II) the person has not attained 
                                the age of 18 years and will be caused 
                                to engage in a commercial sex act.
                  ``(B) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the terms 
                `coercion' and `commercial sex act' have the meanings 
                given the terms in section 1591(e) of title 18, United 
                States Code.
          ``(9) Sexual violence.--The term `sexual violence' means any 
        nonconsensual sexual act or contact proscribed by the criminal 
        law of the Indian tribe that has jurisdiction over the Indian 
        country where the violation occurs, including in any case in 
        which the victim lacks the capacity to consent to the act.'';
                  (D) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as 
                paragraphs (6) and (7);
                  (E) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) as 
                paragraphs (2) through (4);
                  (F) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated), to read as 
                follows:
          ``(3) Domestic violence.--The term `domestic violence' means 
        violence--
                  ``(A) committed by a current or former spouse or 
                intimate partner of the victim, by a person with whom 
                the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is 
                cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as 
                a spouse or intimate partner, or by a person similarly 
                situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic- 
                or family- violence laws of an Indian tribe that has 
                jurisdiction over the Indian country where the violence 
                occurs; or
                  ``(B) committed against a victim who is a child under 
                the age of 18, or an elder (as such term is defined by 
                tribal law) who resides or has resided in the same 
                household as the defendant.'';
                  (G) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
                redesignated), the following:
          ``(1) Assault of a law enforcement or correctional officer.--
        The term `assault of a law enforcement or correctional officer' 
        means any criminal violation of the law of the Indian tribe 
        that has jurisdiction over the Indian country where the 
        violation occurs that involves the threatened, attempted, or 
        actual harmful or offensive touching of a law enforcement or 
        correctional officer.'';
                  (H) by inserting after paragraph (4) (as 
                redesignated), the following:
          ``(5) Obstruction of justice.--The term `obstruction of 
        justice' means any violation of the criminal law of the Indian 
        tribe that has jurisdiction over the Indian country where the 
        violation occurs, and the violation involves interfering with 
        the administration or due process of the tribe's laws including 
        any tribal criminal proceeding or investigation of a crime.'';
          (5) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting after ``the powers of 
        self-government of a participating tribe'' the following: ``, 
        including any participating tribes in the State of Maine,''
          (6) in subsection (b)(4)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), by inserting after ``over 
                an alleged offense'' the following: ``, other than 
                obstruction of justice or an act of assault of a law 
                enforcement or corrections officer,''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``or'' at the 
                        end;
                          (ii) in clause (iii)(II), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting the following: 
                        ``; or''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iv) is being prosecuted for a crime of 
                        sexual violence, stalking, sex trafficking, 
                        obstructing justice, or assaulting a police or 
                        corrections officer under the laws of the 
                        prosecuting tribe.'';
          (7) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``domestic violence'' and inserting 
                ``tribal''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                        ``and dating violence'' and inserting ``, 
                        dating violence, obstruction of justice, sexual 
                        violence, stalking, sex trafficking, or assault 
                        of a law enforcement or corrections officer''; 
                        and
                          (ii) by striking ``or dating violence'' and 
                        inserting ``, dating violence, obstruction of 
                        justice, sexual violence, stalking, sex 
                        trafficking, or assault of a law enforcement or 
                        corrections officer'';
          (8) in subsection (d), by striking ``domestic violence'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``tribal'';
          (9) in subsection (f)--
                  (A) by striking ``special domestic violence'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``special tribal'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``prosecutes'' and 
                all that follows through the semicolon at the end and 
                inserting the following: ``prosecutes--
                  ``(A) a crime of domestic violence;
                  ``(B) a crime of dating violence;
                  ``(C) a criminal violation of a protection order;
                  ``(D) a crime of sexual violence;
                  ``(E) a crime of stalking;
                  ``(F) a crime of sex trafficking;
                  ``(G) a crime of obstruction of justice; or
                  ``(H) a crime of assault of a law enforcement or 
                correctional officer.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``sexual violence, 
                stalking, sex trafficking, assault of a law enforcement 
                or correctional officer,'' after ``dating violence,''; 
                and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) to create a pilot project to allow up to five Indian 
        tribes in Alaska to implement special tribal criminal 
        jurisdiction.'';
          (10) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (h) and (i), respectively;
          (11) by inserting after subsection (f) the following:; and
  ``(g) Indian Country Defined.--For purposes of the pilot project 
described in subsection (f)(5), the definition of `Indian country' 
shall include Alaska Native-owned Townsites, Allotments, and former 
reservation lands acquired in fee by Alaska Native Village Corporations 
pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 33) and 
other lands transferred in fee to Native villages.''.
          (12) in subsection (i) (as redesignated) by striking ``fiscal 
        years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2020 
        through 2024''.

SEC. 904. ANNUAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

  Beginning in the first fiscal year after the date of enactment of 
this title, and annually thereafter, the Attorney General and the 
Secretary of the Interior shall jointly prepare and submit a report, to 
the Committee on Indian Affairs and the Committee on the Judiciary of 
the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources and the Committee on 
the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, that--
          (1) includes known statistics on missing and murdered Indian 
        women in the United States, including statistics relating to 
        incidents of sexual abuse or sexual assault suffered by the 
        victims; and
          (2) provides recommendations regarding how to improve data 
        collection on missing and murdered Indian women.

               TITLE X--OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

SEC. 1001. ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN.

  (a) Establishment of Office on Violence Against Women.--Section 2002 
of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 
(34 U.S.C. 10442) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``a Violence Against Women 
        Office'' and inserting ``an Office on Violence Against Women'';
          (2) in subsection (b), by inserting after ``within the 
        Department of Justice'' the following: ``, not subsumed by any 
        other office'';
          (3) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``Violence Against 
        Women Act of 1994 (title VI of Public 103-322) and the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 2000 (Division B of Public Law 106-386)'' 
        and inserting ``Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (title VI1 
        of Public 103-322), the Violence Against Women Act of 2000 
        (Division B of Public Law 106-386), the Violence Against Women 
        and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX 
        of Public Law 109-162; 119 Stat. 3080), the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 Stat. 
        54); and the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 
        2019''.
  (b) Director of the Office on Violence Against Women.--Section 2003 
of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
10443) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 2003. DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN.

  ``(a) Appointment.--The President, by and with the advice and consent 
of the Senate, shall appoint a Director for the Office on Violence 
Against Women (in this title referred to as the `Director') to be 
responsible, under the general authority of the Attorney General, for 
the administration, coordination, and implementation of the programs 
and activities of the Office.
  ``(b) Other Employment.--The Director shall not--
          ``(1) engage in any employment other than that of serving as 
        Director; or
          ``(2) hold any office in, or act in any capacity for, any 
        organization, agency, or institution with which the Office 
        makes any contract or other agreement under the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 1994 (title IV of Public Law 103-322), the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 2000 (division B of Public Law 
        106-386), the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice 
        Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX of Public Law 109-162; 
        119 Stat. 3080), the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act 
        of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 Stat. 54); or the Violence 
        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019.
  ``(c) Vacancy.--In the case of a vacancy, the President may designate 
an officer or employee who shall act as Director during the vacancy.
  ``(d) Compensation.--The Director shall be compensated at a rate of 
pay not to exceed the rate payable for level V of the Executive 
Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.''.
  (c) Duties and Functions of Director of the Office on Violence 
Against Women.--Section 2004 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10444) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 2004. DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS OF DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE ON VIOLENCE 
                    AGAINST WOMEN.

  ``The Director shall have the following duties:
          ``(1) Maintaining liaison with the judicial branches of the 
        Federal and State Governments on matters relating to violence 
        against women.
          ``(2) Providing information to the President, the Congress, 
        the judiciary, State, local, and tribal governments, and the 
        general public on matters relating to violence against women.
          ``(3) Serving, at the request of the Attorney General, as the 
        representative of the Department of Justice on domestic task 
        forces, committees, or commissions addressing policy or issues 
        relating to violence against women.
          ``(4) Serving, at the request of the President, acting 
        through the Attorney General, as the representative of the 
        United States Government on human rights and economic justice 
        matters related to violence against women in international 
        fora, including, but not limited to, the United Nations.
          ``(5) Carrying out the functions of the Department of Justice 
        under the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (title IV of 
        Public Law 103-322), the Violence Against Women Act of 2000 
        (division B of Public Law 106-386), the Violence Against Women 
        and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX 
        of Public Law 109-162; 119 Stat. 3080), the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 Stat. 
        54); and the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 
        2019, including with respect to those functions--
                  ``(A) the development of policy, protocols, and 
                guidelines;
                  ``(B) the development and management of grant 
                programs and other programs, and the provision of 
                technical assistance under such programs; and
                  ``(C) the award and termination of grants, 
                cooperative agreements, and contracts.
          ``(6) Providing technical assistance, coordination, and 
        support to--
                  ``(A) other components of the Department of Justice, 
                in efforts to develop policy and to enforce Federal 
                laws relating to violence against women, including the 
                litigation of civil and criminal actions relating to 
                enforcing such laws;
                  ``(B) other Federal, State, local, and tribal 
                agencies, in efforts to develop policy, provide 
                technical assistance, synchronize federal definitions 
                and protocols, and improve coordination among agencies 
                carrying out efforts to eliminate violence against 
                women, including Indian or indigenous women; and
                  ``(C) grantees, in efforts to combat violence against 
                women and to provide support and assistance to victims 
                of such violence.
          ``(7) Exercising such other powers and functions as may be 
        vested in the Director pursuant to this subchapter or by 
        delegation of the Attorney General.
          ``(8) Establishing such rules, regulations, guidelines, and 
        procedures as are necessary to carry out any function of the 
        Office.''.
  (d) Staff of Office on Violence Against Women.--Section 2005 of the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10445) is 
amended in the heading, by striking ``violence against women office'' 
and inserting ``office on violence against women''.
  (e) Clerical Amendment.--Section 121(a)(1) of the Violence Against 
Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (34 U.S.C. 
20124(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``the Violence Against Women 
Office'' and inserting ``the Office on Violence Against Women''.

      TITLE XI--IMPROVING CONDITIONS FOR WOMEN IN FEDERAL CUSTODY

SEC. 1101. IMPROVING THE TREATMENT OF PRIMARY CARETAKER PARENTS AND 
                    OTHER INDIVIDUALS IN FEDERAL PRISONS.

  (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Ramona Brant 
Improvement of Conditions for Women in Federal Custody Act''.
  (b) In General.--Chapter 303 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 4050. Treatment of primary caretaker parents and other 
                    individuals

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
          ``(1) the term `correctional officer' means a correctional 
        officer of the Bureau of Prisons;
          ``(2) the term `covered institution' means a Federal penal or 
        correctional institution;
          ``(3) the term `Director' means the Director of the Bureau of 
        Prisons;
          ``(4) the term `post-partum recovery' means the first 8-week 
        period of post-partum recovery after giving birth;
          ``(5) the term `primary caretaker parent' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 31903 of the Family Unity 
        Demonstration Project Act (34 U.S.C. 12242);
          ``(6) the term `prisoner' means an individual who is 
        incarcerated in a Federal penal or correctional institution, 
        including a vulnerable person; and
          ``(7) the term `vulnerable person' means an individual who--
                  ``(A) is under 21 years of age or over 60 years of 
                age;
                  ``(B) is pregnant;
                  ``(C) identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual, 
                transgender, or intersex;
                  ``(D) is victim or witness of a crime;
                  ``(E) has filed a nonfrivolous civil rights claim in 
                Federal or State court;
                  ``(F) has a serious mental or physical illness or 
                disability; or
                  ``(G) during the period of incarceration, has been 
                determined to have experienced or to be experiencing 
                severe trauma or to be the victim of gender-based 
                violence--
                          ``(i) by any court or administrative judicial 
                        proceeding;
                          ``(ii) by any corrections official;
                          ``(iii) by the individual's attorney or legal 
                        service provider; or
                          ``(iv) by the individual.
  ``(b) Geographic Placement.--
          ``(1) Establishment of office.--The Director shall establish 
        within the Bureau of Prisons an office that determines the 
        placement of prisoners.
          ``(2) Placement of prisoners.--In determining the placement 
        of a prisoner, the office established under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                  ``(A) if the prisoner has children, place the 
                prisoner as close to the children as possible;
                  ``(B) in deciding whether to assign a transgender or 
                intersex prisoner to a facility for male or female 
                prisoners, and in making other housing and programming 
                assignments, consider on a case-by-case basis whether a 
                placement would ensure the prisoner's health and 
                safety, including serious consideration of the 
                prisoner's own views with respect to their safety, and 
                whether the placement would present management or 
                security problems; and
                  ``(C) consider any other factor that the office 
                determines to be appropriate.
  ``(c) Prohibition on Placement of Pregnant Prisoners or Prisoners in 
Post-partum Recovery in Segregated Housing Units.--
          ``(1) Placement in segregated housing units.--A covered 
        institution may not place a prisoner who is pregnant or in 
        post-partum recovery in a segregated housing unit unless the 
        prisoner presents an immediate risk of harm to the prisoner or 
        others.
          ``(2) Restrictions.--Any placement of a prisoner described in 
        subparagraph (A) in a segregated housing unit shall be limited 
        and temporary.
  ``(d) Parenting Classes.--The Director shall provide parenting 
classes to each prisoner who is a primary caretaker parent.
  ``(e) Trauma Screening.--The Director shall provide training to each 
correctional officer and each employee of the Bureau of Prisons who 
regularly interacts with prisoners, including each instructor and 
health care professional, to enable those correctional officers and 
employees to--
          ``(1) identify a prisoner who has a mental or physical health 
        need relating to trauma the prisoner has experienced; and
          ``(2) refer a prisoner described in paragraph (1) to the 
        proper healthcare professional for treatment.
  ``(f) Inmate Health.--
          ``(1) Health care access.--The Director shall ensure that all 
        prisoners receive adequate health care.
          ``(2) Hygienic products.--The Director shall make essential 
        hygienic products, including shampoo, toothpaste, toothbrushes, 
        and any other hygienic product that the Director determines 
        appropriate, available without charge to prisoners.
          ``(3) Gynecologist access.--The Director shall ensure that 
        all prisoners have access to a gynecologist as appropriate.
  ``(g) Use of Sex-appropriate Correctional Officers.--
          ``(1) Regulations.--The Director shall make rules under 
        which--
                  ``(A) a correctional officer may not conduct a strip 
                search of a prisoner of the opposite sex unless--
                          ``(i) the prisoner presents a risk of 
                        immediate harm to the prisoner or others, and 
                        no other correctional officer of the same sex 
                        as the prisoner, or medical staff is available 
                        to assist; or
                          ``(ii) the prisoner has previously requested 
                        that an officer of a different sex conduct 
                        searches;
                  ``(B) a correctional officer may not enter a restroom 
                reserved for prisoners of the opposite sex unless--
                          ``(i) a prisoner in the restroom presents a 
                        risk of immediate harm to themselves or others; 
                        or
                          ``(ii) there is a medical emergency in the 
                        restroom and no other correctional officer of 
                        the appropriate sex is available to assist;
                  ``(C) a transgender prisoner's sex is determined 
                according to the sex with which they identify; and
                  ``(D) a correctional officer may not search or 
                physically examine a prisoner for the sole purpose of 
                determining the prisoner's genital status or sex.
          ``(2) Relation to other laws.--Nothing in paragraph (1) shall 
        be construed to affect the requirements under the Prison Rape 
        Elimination Act of 2003 (42 U.S.C. 15601 et seq.).''.
  (c) Substance Abuse Treatment.--Section 3621(e) of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(7) Eligibility of primary caretaker parents and pregnant 
        women.--The Director of the Bureau of Prisons may not prohibit 
        an eligible prisoner who is a primary caretaker parent (as 
        defined in section 4050) or pregnant from participating in a 
        program of residential substance abuse treatment provided under 
        paragraph (1) on the basis of a failure by the eligible 
        prisoner, before being committed to the custody of the Bureau 
        of Prisons, to disclose to any official of the Bureau of 
        Prisons that the prisoner had a substance abuse problem on or 
        before the date on which the eligible prisoner was committed to 
        the custody of the Bureau of Prisons.''.
  (d) Implementation Date.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
        shall implement this section and the amendments made by this 
        section.
          (2) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
        shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate 
        and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives a report on the implementation of this section 
        and the amendments made by this section.
  (e) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for 
chapter 303 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:

``4050. Treatment of primary caretaker parents and other 
individuals.''.

SEC. 1102. PUBLIC HEALTH AND SAFETY OF WOMEN.

  (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Stop Infant 
Mortality And Recidivism Reduction Act'' or the ``SIMARRA Act''.
  (b) Establishment.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Director of the Federal Bureau of 
Prisons (in this section referred to as the ``Director'') shall 
establish a pilot program (in this section referred to as the 
``Program'') in accordance with this section to permit women 
incarcerated in Federal prisons and the children born to such women 
during incarceration to reside together while the inmate serves a term 
of imprisonment in a separate housing wing of the prison.
  (c) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are to--
          (1) prevent infant mortality among infants born to 
        incarcerated mothers and greatly reduce the trauma and stress 
        experienced by the unborn fetuses of pregnant inmates;
          (2) reduce the recidivism rates of federally incarcerated 
        women and mothers, and enhance public safety by improving the 
        effectiveness of the Federal prison system for women as a 
        population with special needs;
          (3) establish female offender risk and needs assessment as 
        the cornerstones of a more effective and efficient Federal 
        prison system;
          (4) implement a validated post-sentencing risk and needs 
        assessment system that relies on dynamic risk factors to 
        provide Federal prison officials with a roadmap to address the 
        pre- and post-natal needs of Federal pregnant offenders, manage 
        limited resources, and enhance public safety;
          (5) perform regular outcome evaluations of the effectiveness 
        of programs and interventions for federally incarcerated 
        pregnant women and mothers to assure that such programs and 
        interventions are evidence-based and to suggest changes, 
        deletions, and expansions based on the results of such 
        evaluations; and
          (6) assist the Department of Justice to address the 
        underlying cost structure of the Federal prison system and 
        ensure that the Department can continue to run prison nurseries 
        safely and securely without compromising the scope or quality 
        of the Department's critical health, safety and law enforcement 
        missions.
  (d) Duties of the Director of Bureau of Prisons.--
          (1) In general.--The Director shall carry out this section in 
        consultation with--
                  (A) a licensed and board-certified gynecologist or 
                obstetrician;
                  (B) the Director of the Administrative Office of the 
                United States Courts;
                  (C) the Director of the Office of Probation and 
                Pretrial Services;
                  (D) the Director of the National Institute of 
                Justice; and
                  (E) the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
          (2) Duties.--The Director shall, in accordance with paragraph 
        (3)--
                  (A) develop an offender risk and needs assessment 
                system particular to the health and sensitivities of 
                Federally incarcerated pregnant women and mothers in 
                accordance with this subsection;
                  (B) develop recommendations regarding recidivism 
                reduction programs and productive activities in 
                accordance with subsection (c);
                  (C) conduct ongoing research and data analysis on--
                          (i) the best practices relating to the use of 
                        offender risk and needs assessment tools 
                        particular to the health and sensitivities of 
                        federally incarcerated pregnant women and 
                        mothers;
                          (ii) the best available risk and needs 
                        assessment tools particular to the health and 
                        sensitivities of Federally incarcerated 
                        pregnant women and mothers and the level to 
                        which they rely on dynamic risk factors that 
                        could be addressed and changed over time, and 
                        on measures of risk of recidivism, individual 
                        needs, and responsiveness to recidivism 
                        reduction programs;
                          (iii) the most effective and efficient uses 
                        of such tools in conjunction with recidivism 
                        reduction programs, productive activities, 
                        incentives, and rewards; and
                          (iv) which recidivism reduction programs are 
                        the most effective--
                                  (I) for Federally incarcerated 
                                pregnant women and mothers classified 
                                at different recidivism risk levels; 
                                and
                                  (II) for addressing the specific 
                                needs of Federally incarcerated 
                                pregnant women and mothers;
                  (D) on a biennial basis, review the system developed 
                under subparagraph (A) and the recommendations 
                developed under subparagraph (B), using the research 
                conducted under subparagraph (C), to determine whether 
                any revisions or updates should be made, and if so, 
                make such revisions or updates;
                  (E) hold periodic meetings with the individuals 
                listed in paragraph (1) at intervals to be determined 
                by the Director; and
                  (F) report to Congress in accordance with subsection 
                (i).
          (3) Methods.--In carrying out the duties under paragraph (2), 
        the Director shall--
                  (A) consult relevant stakeholders; and
                  (B) make decisions using data that is based on the 
                best available statistical and empirical evidence.
  (e) Eligibility.--An inmate may apply to participate in the Program 
if the inmate--
          (1) is pregnant at the beginning of or during the term of 
        imprisonment; and
          (2) is in the custody or control of the Federal Bureau of 
        Prisons.
  (f) Program Terms.--
          (1) Term of participation.--To correspond with the purposes 
        and goals of the Program to promote bonding during the critical 
        stages of child development, an eligible inmate selected for 
        the Program may participate in the Program, subject to 
        subsection (g), until the earliest of--
                  (A) the date that the inmate's term of imprisonment 
                terminates;
                  (B) the date the infant fails to meet any medical 
                criteria established by the Director or the Director's 
                designee along with a collective determination of the 
                persons listed in subsection (d)(1); or
                  (C) 30 months.
          (2) Inmate requirements.--For the duration of an inmate's 
        participation in the Program, the inmate shall agree to--
                  (A) take substantive steps towards acting in the role 
                of a parent or guardian to any child of that inmate;
                  (B) participate in any educational or counseling 
                opportunities established by the Director, including 
                topics such as child development, parenting skills, 
                domestic violence, vocational training, or substance 
                abuse, as appropriate;
                  (C) abide by any court decision regarding the legal 
                or physical custody of the child;
                  (D) transfer to the Federal Bureau of Prisons any 
                child support payments for the infant of the 
                participating inmate from any person or governmental 
                entity; and
                  (E) specify a person who has agreed to take at least 
                temporary custody of the child if the inmate's 
                participation in the Program terminates before the 
                inmate's release.
  (g) Continuity of Care.--The Director shall take appropriate actions 
to prevent detachment or disruption of either an inmate's or infant's 
health and bonding-based well-being due to termination of the Program.
  (h) Reporting.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 6 months after the date of 
        the enactment of this section and once each year thereafter for 
        5 years, the Director shall submit a report to the Congress 
        with regards to progress in implementing the Program.
          (2) Final report.--Not later than 6 months after the 
        termination of the Program, the Director shall issue a final 
        report to the Congress that contains a detailed statement of 
        the Director's findings and conclusions, including 
        recommendations for legislation, administrative actions, and 
        regulations the Director considers appropriate.
  (i) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this section, 
there is authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.

       TITLE XII--LAW ENFORCEMENT TOOLS TO ENHANCE PUBLIC SAFETY

SEC. 1201. NOTIFICATION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES OF PROHIBITED 
                    PURCHASE OR ATTEMPTED PURCHASE OF A FIREARM.

  (a) In General.--Title I of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 
2007 (18 U.S.C. 922 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 108. NOTIFICATION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES OF PROHIBITED 
                    PURCHASE OF A FIREARM.

  ``(a) In General.--In the case of a background check conducted by the 
National Instant Criminal Background Check System pursuant to the 
request of a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed 
dealer of firearms (as such terms are defined in section 921 of title 
18, United States Code), which background check determines that the 
receipt of a firearm by a person would violate subsection (g)(8), 
(g)(9), or (g)(10) of section 922 of title 18, United States Code, and 
such determination is made after 3 business days have elapsed since the 
licensee contacted the System and a firearm has been transferred to 
that person, the System shall notify the law enforcement agencies 
described in subsection (b).
  ``(b) Law Enforcement Agencies Described.--The law enforcement 
agencies described in this subsection are the law enforcement agencies 
that have jurisdiction over the location from which the licensee 
contacted the system and the law enforcement agencies that have 
jurisdiction over the location of the residence of the person for which 
the background check was conducted, as follows:
          ``(1) The field office of the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation.
          ``(2) The local law enforcement agency.
          ``(3) The State law enforcement agency.
          ``(4) The Tribal law enforcement agency.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of the NICS 
Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (18 10 U.S.C. 922 note) is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 106 the following:

``Sec. 108. Notification to law enforcement agencies of prohibited 
purchase of a firearm.''.

SEC. 1202. REPORTING OF BACKGROUND CHECK DENIALS TO STATE, LOCAL, AND 
                    TRIBAL AUTHORITIES.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 925A the following:

``Sec. 925B. Reporting of background check denials to State, local, and 
                    tribal authorities

  ``(a) In General.--If the national instant criminal background check 
system established under section 103 of the Brady Handgun Violence 
Prevention Act (18 U.S.C. 922 note) provides a notice pursuant to 
section 922(t) of this title that the receipt of a firearm by a person 
would violate subsection (g)(8), (g)(9), or (g)(10) of section 922 of 
this title or State law, the Attorney General shall, in accordance with 
subsection (b) of this section--
          ``(1) report to the law enforcement authorities of the State 
        where the person sought to acquire the firearm and, if 
        different, the law enforcement authorities of the State of 
        residence of the person--
                  ``(A) that the notice was provided;
                  ``(B) of the specific provision of law that would 
                have been violated;
                  ``(C) of the date and time the notice was provided;
                  ``(D) of the location where the firearm was sought to 
                be acquired; and
                  ``(E) of the identity of the person; and
          ``(2) report the incident to local or tribal law enforcement 
        authorities and, where practicable, State, tribal, or local 
        prosecutors, in the jurisdiction where the firearm was sought 
        and in the jurisdiction where the person resides.
  ``(b) Requirements for Report.--A report is made in accordance with 
this subsection if the report is made within 24 hours after the 
provision of the notice described in subsection (a), except that the 
making of the report may be delayed for so long as is necessary to 
avoid compromising an ongoing investigation.
  ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) shall be 
construed to require a report with respect to a person to be made to 
the same State authorities that originally issued the notice with 
respect to the person.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 925A the 
following:

``925B. Reporting of background check denials to state, local, and 
tribal authorities.''.

SEC. 1203. SPECIAL ASSISTANT U.S. ATTORNEYS AND CROSS-DEPUTIZED 
                    ATTORNEYS.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, as 
amended by this Act, is further amended by inserting after section 925B 
the following:

``Sec. 925C. Special assistant U.S. attorneys and cross-deputized 
                    attorneys

  ``(a) In General.--In order to improve the enforcement of paragraphs 
(8), (9), and (10) of section 922(g), the Attorney General may--
          ``(1) appoint, in accordance with section 543 of title 28, 
        qualified State, tribal, territorial and local prosecutors and 
        qualified attorneys working for the United States government to 
        serve as special assistant United States attorneys for the 
        purpose of prosecuting violations of such paragraphs;
          ``(2) deputize State, tribal, territorial and local law 
        enforcement officers for the purpose of enhancing the capacity 
        of the agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and 
        Explosives in responding to and investigating violations of 
        such paragraphs; and
          ``(3) establish, in order to receive and expedite requests 
        for assistance from State, tribal, territorial and local law 
        enforcement agencies responding to intimate partner violence 
        cases where such agencies have probable cause to believe that 
        the offenders may be in violation of such paragraphs, points of 
        contact within--
                  ``(A) each Field Division of the Bureau of Alcohol, 
                Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives; and
                  ``(B) each District Office of the United States 
                Attorneys.
  ``(b) Improve Intimate Partner and Public Safety.--The Attorney 
General shall--
          ``(1) identify no less than 75 jurisdictions among States, 
        territories and tribes where there are high rates of firearms 
        violence and threats of firearms violence against intimate 
        partners and other persons protected under paragraphs (8), (9), 
        and (10) of section 922(g) and where local authorities lack the 
        resources to address such violence; and
          ``(2) make such appointments as described in subsection (a) 
        in jurisdictions where enhanced enforcement of such paragraphs 
        is necessary to reduce firearms homicide and injury rates.
  ``(c) Qualified Defined.--For purposes of this section, the term 
`qualified' means, with respect to an attorney, that the attorney is a 
licensed attorney in good standing with any relevant licensing 
authority.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 925B the 
following:

``925C. Special assistant U.S. attorneys and cross-deputized 
attorneys.''.

        TITLE XIII--CLOSING THE LAW ENFORCEMENT CONSENT LOOPHOLE

SEC. 1301. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Closing the Law Enforcement Consent 
Loophole Act of 2019''.

SEC. 1302. PROHIBITION ON ENGAGING IN SEXUAL ACTS WHILE ACTING UNDER 
                    COLOR OF LAW.

  (a) In General.--Section 2243 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in the section heading, by adding at the end the 
        following: ``or by any person acting under color of law'';
          (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively;
          (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
  ``(c) Of an Individual by Any Person Acting Under Color of Law.--
          ``(1) In general.--Whoever, acting under color of law, 
        knowingly engages in a sexual act with an individual, including 
        an individual who is under arrest, in detention, or otherwise 
        in the actual custody of any Federal law enforcement officer, 
        shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 15 
        years, or both.
          ``(2) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `sexual act' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 2246.''; and
          (4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by adding at the 
        end the following:
  ``(3) In a prosecution under subsection (c), it is not a defense that 
the other individual consented to the sexual act.''.
  (b) Definition.--Section 2246 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the end;
          (2) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
          ``(7) the term `Federal law enforcement officer' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 115.''.
  (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 109A of 
title 18, United States Code, is amended by amending the item related 
to section 2243 to read as follows:

``2243. Sexual abuse of a minor or ward or by any person acting under 
color of law.''.

SEC. 1303. INCENTIVES FOR STATES.

  (a) Authority to Make Grants.--The Attorney General is authorized to 
make grants to States that have in effect a law that--
          (1) makes it a criminal offense for any person acting under 
        color of law of the State to engage in a sexual act with an 
        individual, including an individual who is under arrest, in 
        detention, or otherwise in the actual custody of any law 
        enforcement officer; and
          (2) prohibits a person charged with an offense described in 
        paragraph (1) from asserting the consent of the other 
        individual as a defense.
  (b) Reporting Requirement.--A State that receives a grant under this 
section shall submit to the Attorney General, on an annual basis, 
information on--
          (1) the number of reports made to law enforcement agencies in 
        that State regarding persons engaging in a sexual act while 
        acting under color of law during the previous year; and
          (2) the disposition of each case in which sexual misconduct 
        by a person acting under color of law was reported during the 
        previous year.
  (c) Application.--A State seeking a grant under this section shall 
submit an application to the Attorney General at such time, in such 
manner, and containing such information as the Attorney General may 
reasonably require, including information about the law described in 
subsection (a).
  (d) Grant Amount.--The amount of a grant to a State under this 
section shall be in an amount that is not greater than 10 percent of 
the average of the total amount of funding of the 3 most recent awards 
that the State received under the following grant programs:
          (1) Part T of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
        Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10441 et seq.) (commonly 
        referred to as the ``STOP Violence Against Women Formula Grant 
        Program'').
          (2) Section 41601 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 
        (34 U.S.C. 12511) (commonly referred to as the ``Sexual Assault 
        Services Program'').
  (e) Grant Term.--
          (1) In general.--The Attorney General shall provide an 
        increase in the amount provided to a State under the grant 
        programs described in subsection (d) for a 2-year period.
          (2) Renewal.--A State that receives a grant under this 
        section may submit an application for a renewal of such grant 
        at such time, in such manner, and containing such information 
        as the Attorney General may reasonably require.
          (3) Limit.--A State may not receive a grant under this 
        section for more than 4 years.
  (f) Uses of Funds.--A State that receives a grant under this section 
shall use--
          (1) 25 percent of such funds for any of the permissible uses 
        of funds under the grant program described in paragraph (1) of 
        subsection (d); and
          (2) 75 percent of such funds for any of the permissible uses 
        of funds under the grant program described in paragraph (2) of 
        subsection (d).
  (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this chapter $5,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.
  (h) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``State'' 
means each of the several States and the District of Columbia, Indian 
Tribes, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the 
Virgin Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 1304. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

  (a) Report by Attorney General.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
of enactment of this Act, and each year thereafter, the Attorney 
General shall submit to Congress a report containing--
          (1) the information required to be reported to the Attorney 
        General under section 3(b); and
          (2) information on--
                  (A) the number of reports made, during the previous 
                year, to Federal law enforcement agencies regarding 
                persons engaging in a sexual act while acting under 
                color of law; and
                  (B) the disposition of each case in which sexual 
                misconduct by a person acting under color of law was 
                reported.
  (b) Report by GAO.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, and each year thereafter, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to Congress a report on any violations of 
section 2243(c) of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 
2, committed during the 1-year period covered by the report.

SEC. 1305. DEFINITION.

  In this title, the term ``sexual act'' has the meaning given the term 
in section 2246 of title 18, United States Code.

                        TITLE XIV--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 1401. NATIONAL STALKER AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE REDUCTION.

  Section 40603 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 
1994 (34 U.S.C. 12402) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 1402. FEDERAL VICTIM ASSISTANTS REAUTHORIZATION.

  Section 40114 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (Public Law 
103-322) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 40114. AUTHORIZATION FOR FEDERAL VICTIM'S COUNSELORS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated for the United States 
Attorneys for the purpose of appointing victim/witness counselors for 
the prosecution of sex crimes and domestic violence crimes where 
applicable (such as the District of Columbia), $1,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2020 through 2024.''.

SEC. 1403. CHILD ABUSE TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR JUDICIAL PERSONNEL AND 
                    PRACTITIONERS REAUTHORIZATION.

  Section 224(a) of the Crime Control Act of 1990 (34 U.S.C. 20334(a)) 
is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2020 
through 2024''.

SEC. 1404. SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT.

  Section 40152(c) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12311(c)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 
2018'' and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 1405. COURT-APPOINTED SPECIAL ADVOCATE PROGRAM.

  Section 219(a) of the Crime Control Act of 1990 (34 U.S.C. 20324(a)) 
is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2020 
through 2024''.

SEC. 1406. RAPE KIT BACKLOG.

  Section 2(j) of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (34 
U.S.C. 40701) is amended by striking ``2015 through 2019'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 1407. SEXUAL ASSAULT FORENSIC EXAM PROGRAM GRANTS.

  Section 304(d) of the DNA Sexual Assault Justice Act of 2004 (34 
U.S.C. 40723(d)) is amended by striking ``2015 through 2019'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

                          Purpose and Summary

    H.R. 1585, the ``Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act 
of 2019,'' would reauthorize grant programs under the Violence 
Against Women Act (VAWA)\1\ as well as expand critical 
protections for vulnerable populations such as youth, Native 
American women, LGBTQ persons, and survivors who lack shelter. 
H.R. 1585 is intended to make modifications, as Congress has 
done in the past to all previous reauthorizations of VAWA. 
These moderate enhancements will address the many growing and 
unmet needs of victims and survivors of domestic violence, 
dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking. This bill is 
supported by the National Task Force to End Sexual and Domestic 
Violence Against Women, a coalition of more than 200 domestic 
violence groups.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Pub. L. No. 103-322 (1994).
    \2\Letter from the Nat'l Task Force to End Sexual and Domestic 
Violence Against Women to Representative Karen Bass (D-CA), Chair, 
Subcomm. on Crime, Terrorism, & Homeland Security of the H. Comm. on 
the Judiciary, & Brian K. Fitzpatrick (R-PA) (Mar. 11, 2019) (on file 
with H. Comm. on the Judiciary Democratic staff).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                  Background and Need for Legislation


                               BACKGROUND

    The Violence Against Women Act is a landmark piece of 
legislation first enacted in 1994 and signed into law by 
President Bill Clinton as part of the Violent Crime Control and 
Law Enforcement Act of 1994.\3\ This legislation was enacted in 
response to the prevalence of domestic and sexual violence, and 
the significant impact of such violence on the lives of women. 
The 1994 Act offered a comprehensive approach to reducing this 
violence and marked a national commitment to reverse the legacy 
of laws and social norms that served to excuse, and even 
justify, violence against women. As the first comprehensive 
federal legislative package designed to end violence against 
women, the 1994 Act's enactment was a recognition by Congress 
of the severity of the crimes associated with domestic violence 
and the need to provide life-saving assistance to hundreds of 
thousands of women, men, and children.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\Pub. L. No. 103-322 (1994).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    It is estimated that more than two million adults and more 
than 15 million children are exposed to domestic violence 
annually. On a typical day, domestic violence hotlines 
nationwide receive more than 20,000 calls.\4\ In addition to 
its devastating human toll, domestic violence costs our nation 
$8 billion annually in lost productivity and health care 
expenses and is responsible for the loss of eight million paid 
days of work each year\5\--or the equivalent of 32,000 full-
time jobs.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\Nat'l Network to End Domestic Violence, 11th Annual Domestic 
Violence Counts--National Summary (2017), https://nnedv.org/mdocsposts/
census_2016_handout_national-summary/.
    \5\Robert Pearl, Domestic Violence: The Secret Killer That Costs 
$8.3 Billion Annually, Forbes, Dec. 5, 2013, https://www.forbes.com/
sites/robertpearl/2013/12/05/domestic-violence-the-secret-killer-that-
costs-8-3-billion-annually/#75d5a7ed4681 (last visited Mar. 20, 2019).
    \6\U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention, Nat'l Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 
Costs of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States 1 
(Mar. 2003).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The domestic abuse statistics for both men and women are 
alarming. For example, one in three women experienced some form 
of physical violence by an intimate partner, according to a 
2010 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 
survey.\7\ A 2008 study found that one in three female murder 
victims were killed by intimate partners.\8\ And, the Violence 
Policy Center reported in 2012 that of 72% of all murder-
suicides perpetrated by intimate partners, 94% of murder-
suicide victims were female.\9\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\M.C. Black et al., The National Intimate Partner and Sexual 
Violence Survey--2010 Summary Report (2011), U.S. Dept. of Health and 
Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nat'l 
Center for Injury Prevention and Control, http://www.cdc.gov/
violenceprevention/pdf/nisvs_report2010-a.pdf.
    \8\F. Stephen Bridges et al., Domestic Violence Statutes and Rates 
of Intimate Partner and Family Homicide: A Research Note, Criminal 
Justice Policy Rev. 117-30 (Mar. 1, 2008).
    \9\Violence Policy Center, American Roulette: Murder-Suicide in the 
United States--4th ed. (May 2012), www.vpc.org/studies/amroul2012.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Men are also victims of domestic abuse. An estimated 2.8 
million American males experience completed or attempted rape 
victimization in their lifetime\10\ and approximately 10.6 
million men experience sexual coercion in their lifetime.\11\ 
In addition, nearly one fifth of men (17.9% or approximately 
19.9 million men) report unwanted sexual contact at some point 
in their lives, according to a CDC survey.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \10\National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, U.S. 
Dept. of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention (Nov. 2018), http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/
NISVSl_Report2018-a.pdf [hereafter NISVS survey].
    \11\Id.
    \12\Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
(CDC), it is important that prevention efforts address 
different levels of the social ecology (i.e., individual, 
relationship, community, and society) to reduce future risk and 
the many costs associated with violence.\13\ This may explain 
why the impact of the Violence Against Women Act has been 
remarkable. The Act's emphasis on a coordinated community 
response--bringing together law enforcement, the courts, and 
victim services--resulted in a paradigm shift in the way 
communities addressed violence against women. VAWA improved the 
criminal justice system's ability to keep victims safe and hold 
perpetrators accountable as well as provide victims with 
critical services, such as transitional housing, legal 
assistance, and supervised visitation services. In response to 
this historic legislation, every state enacted laws to make 
stalking a crime and to strengthen criminal rape statutes. As a 
result, the annual incidence of domestic violence has decreased 
by 53 percent.\14\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \13\NISVS survey, supra note 10.
    \14\Shannan Catalano et al., Female Victims of Violence, U.S. 
Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (Sept. 2009) 
(decrease is based on data collected between 1993 and 2008), http://
www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/intimate/ipv.htm.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Championed by then-Senator Joseph Biden (D-DE) and the late 
Representative Louise Slaughter (D-NY), the 1994 Act was 
supported by a broad coalition of experts and advocates, 
including law enforcement officers, prosecutors, judges, victim 
service providers, faith leaders, health care professionals, 
and survivors. The law has since been reauthorized three 
times--in 2000,\15\ 2005,\16\ and 2013\17\--with strong 
bipartisan approval and overwhelming support from Congress, 
states, and local communities.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \15\Pub. L. No. 106-386, div. B, 114 Stat. 1492, 1492-1539 (2000).
    \16\Pub. L. No. 109-162, 119 Stat. 2960 (2006).
    \17\Pub. L. No. 113-4, 127 Stat. 54 (2013).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    As originally enacted in 1994, VAWA provided for enhanced 
sentences for repeat federal sex offenders; mandated 
restitution to victims of specified federal sex offenses; and 
authorized grants to state, local, and tribal law enforcement 
entities to investigate and prosecute violent crimes against 
women. Proponents of the legislation in the Senate 
``highlighted the insufficient response to violence against 
women by police and prosecutors.''\18\ Ultimately, the 
``shortfalls of legal responses and the need for a change in 
attitudes toward violence against women were primary reasons 
cited for the passage of VAWA.''\19\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \18\Lisa N. Sacco, The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA): 
Historical Overview, Funding, and Reauthorization, Cong. Res. Serv. 
R45410, at 2 (Nov. 19, 2018).
    \19\Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    In 2000, Congress reauthorized VAWA on a bipartisan basis 
as part of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection 
Act.\20\ Among other significant changes, the 2000 Act, as 
signed into law by President George W. Bush, improved the law 
with respect to the needs of battered immigrants, older 
victims, and victims with disabilities. Other modifications 
included additional protections for battered nonimmigrants; a 
new program providing transitional housing for victims of 
domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
stalking; a requirement for grant recipients to submit reports 
on the effectiveness of programs; new programs designed to 
protect elderly and disabled women; mandatory funds to be used 
exclusively for rape prevention and education programs; and the 
inclusion of dating violence among the offenses covered by 
VAWA.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \20\Pub. L. No. 106-386, 114 Stat. 1464 (2000).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    As further reauthorized by the Violence Against Women and 
Department of Justice Reauthorization Act in 2005,\21\ VAWA 
dramatically improved the law enforcement response to violence 
against women and provided critical services necessary to 
support women in their struggle to overcome abusive situations. 
As with the 2000 Act, the 2005 Act expanded the initial mandate 
from 1994 to address not only domestic violence, but sexual 
assault and stalking as well, and specifically took into 
account the needs of underserved populations. It also added 
protections for battered and trafficked nonimmigrants, programs 
for Native American victims, and programs designed to improve 
the public health response to domestic violence.\22\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \21\Pub. L. No. 109-162, 119 Stat. 2960 (2006).
    \22\See id.; William A. Kandel, Immigration Provisions of the 
Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), Cong. Res. Serv. R42477 (Aug. 9, 
2013).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The 2005 Act also: (1) established the Court Training and 
Improvements, Child Witness, and Culturally Specific programs; 
(2) enhanced penalties for repeat stalking offenders; (3) 
expanded the federal criminal definition of stalking to include 
cyberstalking; and (4) amended the federal criminal code to 
revise the definition of the crime of interstate stalking to: 
(a) include placing someone under surveillance where there is 
an intent to kill, injure, harass, or intimidate a person; and 
(b) require consideration of substantial emotional harm to the 
stalking victim.
    Although VAWA lapsed in 2013, it was ultimately 
reauthorized in 2013 after resolution of issues concerning 
immigration, tribal, and LGBTQ matters. As signed into law by 
President Barack Obama in 2013, the Act included new 
nondiscrimination provisions for all VAWA grant programs 
intended to ensure that victims receive services and are not 
subjected to discrimination based on actual or perceived race, 
color, religion, national origin, sex, gender identity, sexual 
orientation, or disability.\23\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \23\Pub. L. No. 113-4, 127 Stat. 54 (2013).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    In addition, the 2013 Act included a number of other 
substantive provisions. First, it amended the DNA Analysis 
Backlog Elimination Act of 2000\24\ to strengthen audit 
requirements for sexual assault evidence backlogs. It also 
required that for each fiscal year through FY2018, not less 
than 75% of the total grant amounts (known as Debbie Smith 
grants) be awarded to carry out DNA analyses of samples from 
crime scenes for inclusion in the Combined DNA Index System 
(CODIS) and to increase the capacity of state or local 
government laboratories to carry out DNA analyses.\25\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \24\Pub. L. No. 106-546. 114 Stat. 2726 (2000).
    \25\See generally Nathan James, DNA Testing in Criminal Justice: 
Background, Current Laws, and Grants, Cong. Res. Serv. R41800 (Jan. 24, 
2018).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Second, the 2013 Act amended and authorized appropriations 
for the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.\26\ In 
particular, it enhanced measures to combat trafficking in 
persons, and amended the purpose areas for several grants to 
address sex trafficking.\27\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \26\Pub. L. 106-386, div. A, 114 Stat. 1466, 1466-91 (2000).
    \27\Liana W. Rosen & Michael A. Weber, Human Trafficking and 
Foreign Policy: An Introduction, Cong. Res. Serv. IF10587, at 1 (Jan. 
7, 2019); Kristin Finklea et al., Justice for Victims of Trafficking 
Act of 2015: Changes to Domestic Human Trafficking Policies, Cong. Res. 
Serv. R44315, at 4 (Dec. 17, 2015).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Third, it included new provisions involving Native American 
tribes. It granted authority to tribes to exercise what is 
known as ``special domestic violence criminal jurisdiction'' 
and civil jurisdiction to issue and enforce protection orders 
over any person. It also created a voluntary two-year pilot 
program for tribes to apply to the Attorney General to be 
designated as a participating tribe with the authority to 
exercise special criminal jurisdiction over domestic violence 
cases.\28\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \28\National Congress of American Indians, VAWA 2013's Special 
Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction Five-Year Report, 2018, http://
www.ncai.org/resources/ncai-publications/SDVCJ_5_Year_Report.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Fourth, the 2013 Act provided a benefit to foreign 
nationals under the family based provisions of the Immigration 
and Nationality Act (INA). This benefit extended coverage to 
derivative children whose self-petitioning parent died during 
the petition process.\29\ It also added housing rights for 
victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
and stalking, including a provision ensuring that applicants 
could not be denied public housing assistance based on their 
status as victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \29\Kandel, supra note 19, at 6.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Finally, the 2013 Act required each executive department 
carrying out a covered housing program to adopt a plan whereby 
tenants who are victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
sexual assault, or stalking could be transferred to another 
available and safe unit of assisted housing. And, it required 
the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to establish 
policies and procedures through which a victim requesting such 
a transfer might receive Section 8 assistance under the U.S. 
Housing Act of 1937.\30\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \30\See generally Maggie McCarty, An Overview of the Section 8 
Housing Programs: Housing Choice Vouchers and Project-Based Rental 
Assistance, Cong. Res. Serv. RL32284 (Feb. 7, 2014).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        NEED FOR THE LEGISLATION

    Even with this progress, however, domestic and sexual 
violence remain a significant and widespread problem. According 
to a 2018 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey 
conducted by the CDC, sexual violence, stalking, and intimate 
partner violence are serious public health problems affecting 
12 million men and women in the United States each year.\31\ 
Nearly one in five women and one in 71 men have been raped in 
their lifetime.\32\ In the United States, 43.6% of women 
(nearly 52.2 million) experienced some form of contact sexual 
violence in their lifetime.\33\ Nearly one in four women and 
one in seven men report experiencing severe physical violence 
by an intimate partner,\34\ and 45 percent of the women killed 
in the United States die at the hands of an intimate 
partner.\35\ And, vulnerable populations continue to face 
barriers to receiving services.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \31\NISVS survey, supra note10.
    \32\Id.
    \33\Id.
    \34\Id.
    \35\Catalano et al., supra note 10, at 4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    After the 2013 Act expired on September 30, 2018, a 
temporary extension was included as part of a continuing 
resolution appropriations act, which extended VAWA until 
December 7, 2018.\36\ VAWA has since expired. Thus, not only 
must VAWA be reauthorized, but it must also be strengthened and 
enhanced. H.R. 1585 would reauthorize the expired VAWA and, as 
has been the case with each prior reauthorization, make various 
meaningful improvements to the Act to meet the varied and 
changing needs of survivors.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \36\Department of Defense and Labor, Health and Human Services, and 
Education Appropriations Act, 2019 and Continuing Appropriations Act, 
2019, Pub. L. No. 115-245 (2018).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    With respect to prevention, the bill increases authorized 
funding for the Rape Prevention & Education Program (RPE), and 
specifically authorizes programs addressing sexual harassment. 
In addition, the bill increases funding for VAWA Consolidated 
Youth grants, which provides prevention education that engages 
men and boys as allies and promotes healthy relationships as 
keys to reducing gender-based violence.
    H.R. 1585 expands access and promotes safety for victims of 
violence on tribal lands by clarifying that tribal courts can 
hold accountable domestic violence offenders who assault tribal 
police officers or corrections officials. It ensures that non-
Indian perpetrators who commit sexual assault, stalking, child 
abuse, and sex trafficking offenses on tribal lands are held 
accountable; it creates a permanent authorization for DOJ's 
Tribal Access to National Crime Information Program; it 
improves the response to cases of missing and murdered women in 
tribal communities; and it addresses the unique barriers to 
safety for Alaska Native women. The bill also expressly adds 
sexual harassment to the allowable uses of the National 
Resource Center on Workplace Responses to Domestic and Sexual 
Violence, which provides tools, resources, and training to 
private employers and federal agencies.
    In addition, the bill promotes economic security for 
survivors and assists victims leaving abusers with targeted 
enhancements to existing law, which would allow domestic 
violence, sexual assault and stalking victims to be eligible 
for unemployment insurance. It authorizes training for 
healthcare providers to better recognize and respond to 
individuals who experience domestic violence, dating violence, 
sexual assault and stalking.
    H.R. 1585 removes barriers to ensure compliance with VAWA's 
non-discrimination requirements and guarantees equal access to 
protections for all victims regardless of gender, especially 
those from marginalized communities. It will enforce housing 
rights for survivors/victims, create a position at the U.S. 
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) specifically 
tasked with this work, increase survivors' options to maintain 
housing or break their leases, and strengthen the emergency 
transfer protections in federal housing programs to assist 
survivors who need to leave their existing homes due to safety 
concerns.
    Further, the bill strengthens privacy protections online 
and across state lines and preserves confidentiality upon a 
survivor's death in accordance with their wishes. It 
discourages the use of bench warrants and other body 
attachments to compel victim cooperation and testimony, as this 
has been found to be traumatizing for the victim and 
counterproductive in encouraging victims to cooperate. It also 
acknowledges the trauma of incarceration on women and their 
family members, especially their children, and improves health 
care services and trauma informed responses to better prepare 
incarcerated women to return to their communities.
    H.R. 1585 also improves the enforcement of current domestic 
violence-related firearms laws and equally protects all 
victims. It does this by allowing the use of Services Training 
Officers Prosecutors (STOP) grants to develop and institute 
relinquishment protocols for abusers prohibited by court order 
or state law from possessing firearms. The STOP Formula Grant 
Program is awarded to states and territories to enhance the 
capacity of local communities to develop and strengthen 
effective law enforcement and prosecution strategies to combat 
violent crimes against women and to develop and strengthen 
victim services in cases involving violent crimes against 
women. H.R. 1585 will require state, territorial, local, and 
tribal governments to certify that they have established and 
implemented such relinquishment programs within three years to 
be eligible for these grants.
    In sum, H.R. 1585 is a comprehensive piece of legislation 
that recognizes the devastating and wide-ranging harm resulting 
from violence against women and men alike.\37\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \37\For example, According to the CDC, nearly a quarter of men 
(24.8% or 27.6 million) in the U.S. experienced some form of contact 
sexual violence in their lifetime, with 3.5% of men experiencing 
contact sexual violence in the 12 months preceding a 2018 survey. NISVS 
survey, supra note 10.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                Hearings

    The Committee's hearing on the ``Reauthorization of the 
Violence Against Women Act,'' held on March 7, 2019, was used 
to develop H.R. 1585. During this hearing, the Committee heard 
testimony from the Honorable Ramona A. Gonzalez, President-
Elect of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court 
Judges, and a presiding judge in La Crosse County, Wisconsin; 
Sarah Deer, a MacArthur Fellow in 2014, and Professor at the 
University of Kansas; Roberta Valente, a Policy Consultant for 
the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, a member 
organization of the National Task Force to End Sexual and 
Domestic Violence; and Ms. Julia Beck, a member of Women's 
Liberation Front, and a former Law and Policy Co-Chair of 
Baltimore City's LGBTQ Commission. In this hearing, the 
witnesses testified about the importance of VAWA and the 
urgency to reauthorize this law and to expand its protections.

                        Committee Consideration

    On Wednesday, March 13, 2019, the Committee met in open 
session and ordered the bill, H.R. 1585, favorably reported 
with an amendment, by a rollcall vote of 22 to 10, a quorum 
being present.

                            Committee Votes

    In compliance with clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that the 
following rollcall votes occurred during the Committee's 
consideration of H.R. 1585:
    1. An amendment by Mr. Sensenbrenner amending section 903 
to repeal current law with respect to tribal jurisdiction over 
crimes of domestic violence, dating violence, and criminal 
violations of protection orders was defeated by a rollcall vote 
of 9 to 16.


    2. An amendment by Mr. Buck to: (1) add an additional 
conclusion to the findings in the bill that, after accounting 
for variables, when a woman who had been a victim of domestic 
violence has sole access to a firearm, she is safer; and (2) 
allow the Attorney General to provide VAWA grant money to 
organizations that conduct firearms training courses for 
victims of VAWA-related crimes was defeated by a rollcall vote 
of 14 to 19.


    3. An amendment by Ms. Lesko providing that nothing in the 
bill or the amendments made by the bill may be construed to 
compel a victim service provider to place a woman or child into 
a circumstance in which the woman or child has grounds to fear 
for a violation of privacy or for his or her safety was 
defeated by a rollcall vote of 11 to 22.


    4. An amendment by Mr. Gohmert removing the gender identity 
language from the bill was defeated by a rollcall vote of 11 to 
22.


    5. An amendment by Ms. Lesko and Mr. Chabot amending 
section 2 of the bill to provide that: (1) no religious entity 
(as described in section 702(a) or 703(e)(2) of the Civil 
Rights Act of 1964) may be subject to any prohibition of 
workplace discrimination on the basis of religion; (2) a faith-
based organization may adopt or implement standards with 
respect to employee conduct or delivery of services that are 
consistent with such organization's religious beliefs and moral 
convictions; and (3) no contract, grant, or other agreement 
under the bill may be denied or revoked based on the assertion 
of any right protected under section 40002(b) of VAWA as 
amended by the bill was defeated by a rollcall vote of 12 to 
23.


    6. An amendment in the nature of a substitute by Mr. Nadler 
making a series of technical revisions to the bill was agreed 
to by a rollcall vote of 22 to 10.


    7. Motion to report H.R. 1585, as amended, favorably, was 
agreed to by a rollcall vote of 22 to 11.


                      Committee Oversight Findings

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that the 
findings and recommendations of the Committee, based on 
oversight activities under clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, are incorporated in the 
descriptive portions of this report.

  New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures and Congressional Budget 
                          Office Cost Estimate

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 
308(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and with respect 
to requirements of clause (3)(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives and section 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee has requested 
but not received a cost estimate for this bill from the 
Director of Congressional Budget Office. The Committee has 
requested but not received from the Director of the 
Congressional Budget Office a statement as to whether this bill 
contains any new budget authority, spending authority, credit 
authority, or an increase or decrease in revenues or tax 
expenditures.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    No provision of H.R. 1585 establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    The Committee states that pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, H.R. 
1585 would reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 
and make moderate enhancements to address the current needs of 
victims and survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, 
sexual assault, and stalking.

                          Advisory on Earmarks

    In accordance with clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, H.R. 1585 does not contain any 
congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff 
benefits as defined in clause 9(d), 9(e), or 9(f) of Rule XXI.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis

    The following discussion describes the bill as reported by 
the Committee.
    Sec. 1. Short Title. Section 1 sets forth the short title 
of the bill as the ``Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act 
of 2019,'' and includes a table of contents for the measure.
    Sec. 2. Universal Definitions and Grant Conditions. Section 
2 amends section 12291 of title 34 of the U.S. Code to define 
various new terms and to amend existing terminology. Among the 
new terms are ``abuse in later life,'' ``alternative justice 
response,'' ``digital services,'' ``economic abuse,'' ``forced 
marriage,'' and ``technological abuse.'' It also updates the 
existing definitions for domestic violence and elder abuse and 
amends the criteria for certain grant conditions pertaining to 
the nondisclosure of confidential or private information, 
broadens the availability of technical assistance by the Office 
on Violence Against Women (OVW), and extends coverage of victim 
services and legal assistance to victims of domestic violence, 
dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking (``the enumerated 
VAWA crimes'') who are also victims of forced marriage.

  TITLE I--ENHANCING LEGAL TOOLS TO COMBAT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
                 VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT AND STALKING

    Sec. 101. STOP Grants. Section 101 amends section 10441 et 
seq., of title 34 of the U.S. Code to update terminology, and 
allow the use of Services, Training, Officers, and Prosecutors 
(STOP) grants to develop law enforcement tools and protocols 
for preventing domestic violence homicides, by ensuring the 
appropriate recovery and storage by law enforcement of 
dangerous weapons by adjudicated perpetrators of domestic 
violence, dating violence, sexual assault or stalking, as well 
as the return of such weapons where appropriate. Section 101 
also incentivizes the implementation of the non-discrimination 
requirements of VAWA and it conditions eligibility for grant 
monies on the development of protocols that strongly discourage 
compelling victim testimony and requires state, territorial, 
local, and tribal governments to certify that they have 
established and implemented such programs to be eligible for 
grants. It authorizes funding for fiscal years 2020 through 
2024.
    Sec. 102. Grants to Improve the Criminal Justice Response. 
Section 102 amends section 10461 of title 34 of the U.S. Code 
to direct the implementation of programs for offender 
accountability and homicide reduction. It eliminates use of the 
term ``older individuals'' and ``individuals with 
disabilities'' in favor of the term ``people 50 years of age or 
over'' and ``people with disabilities.'' Section 102 also 
establishes an additional grant purpose area by introducing 
language to open grants for pilot programs focused on 
increasing survivor, law enforcement, and community safety by 
looking at alternative and community-based methods of survivor 
safety and perpetrator accountability. In addition, it uses 
grant monies to carry out policies and procedures relative to 
the surrender, removal, and storage of dangerous weapons from 
prohibited possessors. Eligible grantees must certify they have 
developed protocols to discourage the use of bench warrants and 
compelling witness testimony. Section 102 authorizes funding 
for 2020 through 2024.
    Sec. 103. Legal Assistance for Victims. Section 103 amends 
section 20121 of title 34 of the U.S. Code to authorize funding 
for legal assistance for victims for fiscal years 2020 through 
2024, and expands such legal assistance to address the needs of 
the dependents of victims.
    Sec. 104. Grants to Support Families in the Justice System. 
Section 104 amends section 12464 of title 34 of the U.S. Code 
to authorize funding for fiscal years 2020 through 2024 for 
grants to support families in the justice system with a history 
of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
stalking. It also expands the categories for which such funds 
may be used to develop and implement an alternative justice 
response to these problems.
    Sec. 105. Outreach and Services to Underserved Populations 
Grants. Section 105 amends section 20123(h) of title 34 of the 
U.S. Code to authorize funding for fiscal years 2020 through 
2024 for grants for outreach and services to underserved 
populations.
    Sec. 106. Criminal Provisions. Section 106 amends section 
2265 of title 18 of the U.S. Code to ensure that the 
limitations placed on the Internet publication of information 
pertaining to the filing of a protection order apply in a 
particular state, territorial, or tribal jurisdiction 
regardless of whether the protection order was issued in that 
same state, territory, or tribal jurisdiction. The bill also 
ensures that all Alaska tribes have the same full civil 
jurisdiction as other tribal courts already have to issue and 
enforce protection orders.
    Sec. 107. Rape Survivor Child Custody. Section 107 amends 
section 121308 of title 34 of the U.S. Code to authorize 
funding for fiscal years 2020 through 2024 for grants to states 
that have in place laws allowing the mother of a child 
conceived through rape to seek court-ordered termination of the 
parental rights of her rapist with regard to that child.

                TITLE II--IMPROVING SERVICES FOR VICTIMS

    Sec. 201. Sexual Assault Services Program. Section 201 
amends section 12511(f)(1) of title 34 of the U.S. Code to 
authorize funding for fiscal years 2020 through 2024 for grants 
to states, territories, and Native American tribes for sexual 
assault services programs.
    Sec. 202. Rural Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual 
Assault, Stalking, and Child Abuse Enforcement Assistance 
Program. Section 202 amends section 12341 of title 34 of the 
U.S. Code to authorize funding for fiscal years 2020 through 
2024 for grants to states, territories, and Native American 
tribes for rural domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, stalking, and child abuse enforcement assistance 
programs.
    Sec. 203. Training and Services to End Violence Against 
People with Disabilities. Section 203 amends section 20122 of 
title 34 of the U.S. Code to update key terminology and 
authorizes funding to advance services for survivors with 
disabilities for fiscal years 2020 through 2024. It includes a 
minor change directing funds for capacity-building to 
organizations to respond to victims of domestic violence, 
dating violence, sexual abuse, and stalking who are people with 
disabilities.
    Sec. 204. Training and Services to End Abuse in Later Life. 
Section 204 amends section 12421 of title 34 of the U.S. Code 
to authorize funding for fiscal years 2020 through 2024 to 
educate community-based organizations and other professionals 
on abuse in later life, enhance coordinated community response 
teams, and advance services for older survivors of abuse. It 
makes minor revisions to clarify eligibility criteria and 
expand who can receive training and education pursuant to 
grants.

     TITLE III--SERVICES, PROTECTION, AND JUSTICE FOR YOUNG VICTIMS

    Sec. 301. Rape Prevention and Education Grant. Section 301 
amends section 280b-1b of title 42 of the U.S. Code to increase 
the authorization amount to $150 million for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024. It requires that at least 80% of funds 
go to states for community-based, culturally-specific 
prevention activities in collaboration with state sexual 
assault coalitions that work on rape prevention activities. 
Section 301 expands the categories for permitted use of funds 
to reflect the work grantees are engaged in that specifically 
addresses sexual harassment.
    Sec. 302. Creating Hope through Outreach, Options, 
Services, and Education (CHOOSE) for Children and Youth. 
Section 302 amends section 12451 of title 34 of the U.S. Code 
to clarify that funding under the CHOOSE program for children 
and youth is being provided for the core areas of VAWA--
domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
stalking--and that services that target youth should also 
incorporate youth in underserved populations. It increases 
funding by $10 million annually for fiscal years 2020 through 
2024. Section 302 directs that funds also be used to clarify 
state or local mandatory reporting policies and practices 
regarding peer-to-peer dating violence, sexual assault, and 
stalking. It would include sex trafficking and bullying as 
elements that can be addressed with CHOOSE grants when part of 
a comprehensive youth violence response program.
    Sec. 303. Grants to Combat Violent Crimes on Campuses. 
Section 303 amends section 20125 of title 34 of the U.S. Code 
to improve campus grant programs for fiscal years 2020 through 
2024 to support institutions of higher education in developing 
and disseminating comprehensive prevention education for all 
students. It expands training for campus-based personnel and 
campus health centers to meet the needs of young victims of 
violence and to provide training for health providers on how to 
provide universal education on the impacts of violence on 
health. It requires any statistical summary report to Congress 
on persons served under these grants include data on sexual 
orientation and gender identity. Section 303 increases 
authorized funding by $4 million annually to $16 million for 
fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
    Sec. 304. Combat Online Predators. Section 304 amends 
chapter 110A of title 18 of the U.S. Code to provide for an 
enhanced penalty (up to five extra years) for stalkers of 
children, but it limits application of the enhancement, under 
certain circumstances, if the person who committed the offense 
is also a minor or the victim is not less than 15 nor more than 
17 years of age and not more than three years younger than the 
person who committed the offense. The bill also requires the 
Attorney General, not later than one year after enactment of 
this legislation, to submit a report to Congress on best 
practices regarding the enforcement of anti-stalking laws.

                 TITLE IV--VIOLENCE REDUCTION PRACTICES

    Sec. 401. Study Conducted by the Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention. Section 401 amends section 280b-4 of 
title 42 of the U.S. Code to clarify that funds administered by 
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are to be 
appropriated for research on prevention and intervention 
programs whose goal is to reduce and prevent violence against 
adults, youth, and children. The bill also preserves dedicated 
funding for fiscal years 2020 through 2024 for these grants.
    Sec. 402. Saving Money and Reducing Tragedies (SMART) 
through Prevention Grants. Section 402 amends section 12463 of 
title 34 of the U.S. Code to allow the SMART Prevention grants 
administered by the Attorney General to prioritize youth 
violence prevention programming that: includes outcome-based 
evaluation; does not duplicate existing efforts; and has a 
significant focus on underserved populations. Section 402 
restores the authorized appropriation for this program back to 
its originally authorized annual level of $45 million for 
fiscal years 2020 through 2024.

         TITLE V--STRENGTHENING THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS RESPONSE

    Sec. 501. Grants to Strengthen the Healthcare Systems 
Response to Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, 
and Stalking. Section 501 amends section 280g-4 of title 42 of 
the U.S. Code to address the four enumerated VAWA crimes--
domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
stalking--across the lifespan, including addressing domestic 
and sexual violence experienced by older adults and children/
youth. For these purposes, it authorizes funding, through the 
Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS), for fiscal years 
2020 through 2024. It broadens the reach of grants that develop 
services to address the safety, medical, and mental health 
needs of patients, while maintaining their local focus of 
providing funds to state domestic and sexual violence 
coalitions to improve their capacity to coordinate with and 
support health advocates and other health system partnerships.
    Section 501 directs HHS to focus some of its grants on 
training programs to improve the capacity of early childhood 
programs to address their responses to domestic violence, 
dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking. It specifies 
that funding for the development of culturally competent 
clinical trainings in the context of medical and health 
education must specifically address protective factors related 
to labor and sex trafficking. It also authorizes the 
development, implementation, and evaluation of best practices, 
tools, and training materials for behavioral health 
professionals to identify and respond to the enumerated VAWA 
crimes and it incorporates the integration of knowledge about 
these crimes into professional licensing and accreditation by 
mental health boards.
    Section 501 provides a portion of the funding to implement 
and support programming for community health centers, rural 
health providers and others who serve medically-underserved 
communities. It also authorizes the development of state-level 
pilot programs to improve the ability of substance use disorder 
treatment programs to address issues pertaining to the 
enumerated VAWA crimes, and improves ``data collection'' 
regarding the VAWA crimes and their interaction with substance 
use disorder, coerced use of substances, and mental or 
behavioral health.

                    TITLE VI--SAFE HOMES FOR VICTIMS

    Sec. 601. Housing Protections for Victims of Domestic 
Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking. 
Section 601 amends section 12491 of title 34 of the U.S. Code 
to clarify that a ``covered housing program'' includes the 
direct loan program that provides supportive housing for the 
elderly and it adds five additional programs as VAWA covered 
programs, including housing assistance for homeless veterans 
and for homeless veterans with special needs. For purposes of 
this section, the bill incorporates key definitions, including 
``covered housing provider,'' which includes those persons and 
entities responsible for administration or oversight of a 
covered housing program, including public housing agencies, 
state and local governments, and Continuums of Care.
    Section 601 adds a prohibition against evicting survivors 
based on the abuse committed by or the criminal activity of a 
perpetrator of abuse. Any adverse eviction decision requires an 
individualized review of the relevant circumstances and an 
opportunity to challenge the decision. In the event of a 
``family break-up,'' the bill requires a covered housing 
provider to afford the survivor an opportunity to establish 
their own eligibility for the covered housing program; or to 
give the survivor at least 180 days to find new housing or to 
establish eligibility for another covered housing program. It 
permits early termination of a covered housing program lease by 
a victim of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
or stalking. In addition, it requires tenants who are victims 
of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
stalking be transferred to another available safe dwelling 
assisted under covered housing if they request transfer and 
they reasonably believe they are threatened with imminent harm 
or they have been sexually assaulted on the premises during the 
180-day period preceding the transfer request.
    Section 601 also requires HUD to adopt an emergency 
transfer policy for use by covered programs associated with 
each HUD regional office, to include policies that mandate that 
emergency transfers take priority over non-emergency transfers 
and over existing waiting lists, and policies that incorporate 
confidentiality measures. The bill requires covered housing 
providers to make an internal transfer to another safe unit 
within 10 days, or, if unavailable, to make a referral to the 
appropriate HUD regional office. The bill provides for 
emergency transfer vouchers for victims, and it authorizes $20M 
for emergency transfers for each of fiscal years 2020 through 
2024. Implementation with respect to each covered housing 
program includes training for staff of covered housing programs 
and dissemination of information pertaining to service 
providers in the coverage area.
    Sec. 602. Ensuring Compliance and Implementation; 
Prohibiting Retaliation Against Victims. Section 602 amends 
section 12491 et seq. of title 34 of the U.S. Code to establish 
a requirement for annual reviews by each covered housing 
program to ensure compliance with the housing protections 
established on behalf of victims of the VAWA crimes. It 
establishes a Violence Against Women Director in HUD (VAWA 
Director), and implements data collection and oversight 
practices and requires the VAWA Director to maintain a database 
of available and soon-to-be available dwellings for emergency 
transfers. It also prohibits covered housing providers from 
retaliating against persons exercising their rights or 
participating in processes relative to the housing protections 
established to benefit victims of the enumerated VAWA crimes.
    Sec. 603. Protecting the Right to Report Crime from One's 
Home. Section 603 amends section 12491 et seq. of title 34 of 
the U.S. Code to allow reporting of crimes and emergencies by 
landlords, homeowners, residents, occupants, guests, and 
housing applicants where they are the victim, without being 
penalized by any covered governmental entities. Section 603 
enables reporting and oversight to ensure compliance with these 
provisions. Covered governmental entities include any 
municipal, county or state entities receiving federal housing 
and community development funding, including subgrantees of 
such funding. Section 603 authorizes grants for the development 
and implementation of effective, alternative crime reduction 
methods to supplant punitive programs and policies, including 
proscribing the imposition of penalties on victims of crimes 
because criminal activity occurred at the property where the 
victim resides.
    Sec. 604. Transitional Housing Assistance Grants for 
Victims of Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, 
or Stalking. Section 604 amends section 12351 of title 34 of 
the U.S. Code to authorize funding for fiscal years 2020 
through 2024 for transitional housing grants for victims of the 
enumerated VAWA crimes and ensures that up to 8% of the funding 
made available for this section may be used by the Attorney 
General for evaluation and other administrative expenses. It 
also makes funds available to ``population-specific 
organizations.''
    Sec. 605. Addressing the Housing Needs of Victims of 
Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, and 
Stalking. Section 605 amends section 11383(a) of title 42 of 
the U.S. Code to make eligibility for Continuum of Care grants 
(McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants) to those serving 
homeless individuals or families and also makes such grants 
available for use to facilitate and ensure compliance with the 
provisions of VAWA that provide housing protections for victims 
of the enumerated VAWA crimes. Additionally, Section 605 
expands the range of individuals who may qualify for such 
grants. It authorizes funding for fiscal years 2020 through 
2024 for collaborative grants to increase the long-term 
stability of victims who are homeless or at risk of becoming 
homeless as well as authorizes funding for fiscal years 2020 
through 2024 for grants to combat the enumerated VAWA crimes 
when they take place in public and assisted housing and makes 
such funds available to ``population-specific organizations.''
    Sec. 606. United States Housing Act of 1937 Amendments. 
Section 606 amends section 1437c-1(d) of title 42 of the U.S. 
Code to require that annual public housing agency plans include 
copies of: (1) all standardized notices issued pursuant to 
VAWA; (2) the VAWA emergency transfer plan; and (3) all 
memoranda of understanding with other covered housing providers 
to facilitate emergency transfers. In addition to descriptions 
already required under existing law, the bill also requires the 
annual housing agency plans to include descriptions of all 
training and support services offered to staff of the public 
housing agency relative to the enumerated VAWA crimes and the 
implementation of VAWA's housing protections. Section 606 
requires public housing agency plans include certifications of 
compliance with VAWA.

                TITLE VII--ECONOMIC SECURITY FOR VICTIMS

    Sec. 701. Findings. Section 701 makes a series of findings 
pertaining to the prevalence of sexual violence, domestic 
violence, and intimate partner violence, stalking, workplace 
homicides, firearm deaths, and the presence of firearms in 
domestic violence situations; the negative effects of domestic 
violence on the workplace and on the autonomy, liberty, and 
security of survivors; the cost of intimate partner violence 
and its effect on workplace productivity; the prevalence of 
economic abuse; and the need for additional responses to assist 
survivors.
    Sec. 702. National Resource Center on Workplace Responses 
to Assist Victims of Domestic and Sexual Violence. Section 702 
amends section 12501 of title 34 of the U.S. Code to 
reauthorize the National Resource Center on Workplace Responses 
to Assist Victims of Domestic and Sexual Violence, and 
increases its authorization to $2 million annually for fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024. Section 702 also extends grant 
authority to assist victims of sexual harassment and extends 
the provision of information and assistance by the Resource 
Center to victim service providers.
    Sec. 703. Entitlement to Unemployment Compensation for 
Victims of Sexual and other Harassment and Survivors of 
Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, or 
Stalking. Section 703 amends section 3304(a) of the Internal 
Revenue Code of 1986 to provide that state unemployment 
compensation shall not be denied to an individual who 
voluntarily separates from employment if such separation is 
attributable to the individual being a victim of sexual or 
other harassment, or a survivor of domestic violence, dating 
violence, sexual assault, or stalking. It specifies the types 
of documentation that must be considered to establish 
eligibility for unemployment compensation. Section 703 also 
requires states to streamline their procedures for documenting 
eligibility for unemployment compensation by victims and 
survivors.
    In addition, section 703 provides for the training of 
unemployment compensation personnel and personnel of the 
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, 
regarding these new provisions. TANF personnel training must 
include a requirement that the state receiving TANF funds 
certify that it has established and is enforcing standards and 
procedures regarding notification to survivors about their 
rights, ensuring training of case workers and eligible 
personnel by a competent training program, and screening for 
identification of victims. It authorizes the Secretary of Labor 
to award grants for the development and dissemination of a 
model training program and technical assistance relative to 
sexual and other harassment, domestic violence, dating 
violence, sexual assault and stalking for unemployment 
compensation and TANF personnel, including at the state, 
tribal, and local levels. Section 703 authorizes $1 million for 
fiscal year 2020 for development of the model-training program 
and $12 million for fiscal years 2020 through 2024 for grants 
to states, tribal, and local agencies.
    Section 703 ensures that this section does not supersede 
any federal, state or local law, agreement, program, or plan 
that provides greater unemployment benefit insurance to 
survivors, and preempts any state or local laws, collective 
bargaining agreements, or employment benefits programs or plans 
that diminish the guarantees under this bill. It also provides 
for effective dates for implementation of this section and for 
extensions of the effective dates for states that would need to 
amend their laws to enable proper implementation.
    Sec. 704. Study and Reports on Barriers to Survivors' 
Economic Security Access. Section 704 directs the Secretary of 
Health and Human Services, in consultation with the Secretary 
of Labor, to conduct a study on the barriers that survivors 
experience, throughout the United States, in maintaining 
economic security, as a result of issues related to domestic 
violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking. It 
requires the issuance of recommendations to ensure successful 
implementation of provisions to ensure the economic security of 
survivors.
    Sec. 705. GAO Study. Section 705 directs the Comptroller 
General to carry out a Government Accountability Office (GAO) 
study, to be completed 18 months from enactment of the bill, on 
the effects of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking on survivors' ability to continue their 
enrollment in institutions of higher education and their 
ability to repay their student loans. Among other things, the 
study would assess the ability of survivors to establish or 
maintain financial independence from their abusers.
    Sec. 706. Education and Information Programs for Survivors. 
Section 706 directs various agencies to coordinate and provide 
a national public outreach and education campaign to raise 
public awareness of the workplace impact of domestic violence, 
dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking; the resources 
and rights available for survivors; and best practices on 
prevention. It also directs the Secretary of Labor and the 
Secretary of Health and Human Services to conduct a study on 
the status of workplace responses to employees who experience 
domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
and their access to supportive resources and economic security. 
Section 706 authorizes appropriations to carry out this section 
as may be necessary for fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
    Sec. 707. Severability. If any portion of this legislation 
is found to be unconstitutional, section 707 provides for 
severability.

               TITLE VIII--HOMICIDE REDUCTION INITIATIVES

    Sec. 801. Prohibiting Persons Convicted of Misdemeanor 
Crimes Against Dating Partners and Persons Subject to 
Protection Orders. Section 801 amends section 921(a) of title 
18 of the U.S. Code to redefine the terms ``intimate partner'' 
and ``misdemeanor crime of domestic violence.'' As defined by 
this provision, an intimate partner includes a dating partner 
or former dating partner, and any other person similarly 
situated to a spouse. A misdemeanor crime of domestic violence 
includes an offense that is a misdemeanor under municipal law, 
and also applies to the commission of an offense by an intimate 
partner. Section 801 defines a misdemeanor crime of stalking as 
an offense that involves taking an action that causes, attempts 
to cause, or would reasonably be expected to cause emotional 
distress by harassment, intimidation, or surveillance of 
another person. To be considered to have been convicted of a 
misdemeanor crime of stalking, the convicted individual must 
have been offered basic due process guarantees.
    Sec. 802. Prohibiting Stalkers and Individuals Subject to 
Court Order from Possessing a Firearm. Section 802 amends 
section 922 of title 18 of the U.S. Code to prohibit persons 
previously convicted of misdemeanor stalking from possessing 
firearms and it makes it unlawful for a person to sell or 
transfer a firearm or ammunition to any person they believe, or 
have reasonable cause to believe, has been convicted of 
misdemeanor stalking. Section 802 prohibits respondents to ex 
parte protection orders from possessing firearms, as long as 
these individuals have been subject to appropriate due process 
to respond to the protection order. A person subject to a court 
order that restrains such a person from intimidating or 
dissuading a witness from testifying in court is also a 
prohibited possessor. Section 802 also prohibits a person from 
selling or transferring a firearm or ammunition to any person 
they believe or have reasonable cause to believe is subject to 
a protection order, including an ex parte protection order or 
an order that restrains the person from intimidating or 
dissuading a witness from testifying in court.

                   TITLE IX--SAFETY FOR INDIAN WOMEN

    Sec. 901. Findings and Purposes. Section 901 makes a number 
of findings regarding the extraordinarily high rates of murder 
committed and violent crimes perpetrated against Native 
American and Alaska Native women. It states that the purposes 
of this title are to: clarify the responsibilities of federal, 
state, tribal, and local governments with respect to responding 
to cases of the enumerated VAWA crimes, among others; increase 
coordination and communication among law enforcement agencies; 
empower tribal governments with resources; and increase the 
collection of data and information-sharing related to missing 
and murdered Native women.
    Sec. 902. Authorizing Funding for the Tribal Access 
Program. Section 902 amends section 534 of title 28 of the U.S. 
Code to authorize $3 million per fiscal year for 2020 through 
2024 for the Tribal Access Program to enhance the ability of 
tribal government entities to enter information into and obtain 
information from Federal criminal information databases.
    Sec. 903. Tribal Jurisdiction over Crimes of Domestic 
Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Violence, Sex Trafficking, 
Stalking, and Violence Against Law Enforcement Officers. 
Section 903 amends section 1304 of title 25 U.S. Code to expand 
the jurisdiction of tribal authorities over a non-Native 
American who commits a crime in Indian country, if the crime 
occurs within the territory of a participating Native American 
tribe (i.e., one that provides certain due process guarantees), 
including any participating tribes in the State of Maine. The 
Indian Civil Rights Act currently provides for a ``special 
tribal domestic violence jurisdiction'' that extends tribal 
jurisdiction to non-Native Americans over domestic violence, 
dating violence, and criminal violations of a protection order. 
This section reaffirms the jurisdiction of participating tribes 
over these crimes and extends it to cover the additional crimes 
of assault of a law enforcement or correctional officer; 
obstruction of justice; sex trafficking; sexual violence; and 
stalking. The extended jurisdiction is termed ``special tribal 
criminal jurisdiction.''
    Section 903 amends the definition of domestic violence to 
include violence committed against a victim who is a child 
under the age of 18 or an elder. It authorizes grants to tribal 
governments to create a pilot project to allow up to five 
Native American tribes in Alaska to implement special tribal 
criminal jurisdiction and, for that specific purpose, to 
redefine Indian country to include certain lands in Alaska. The 
bill authorizes $5 million per year for each of fiscal years 
2020 through 2024.
    Sec. 904. Annual Reporting Requirements. Section 904 
directs the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Interior 
to jointly submit an annual report to Congress that must 
include statistics on missing and murdered Indian women in the 
United States, including statistics relating to incidents of 
sexual assault. The report must also make recommendations 
regarding how to improve data collection on missing and 
murdered Indian women.

               TITLE X--OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

    Sec. 1001. Establishment of Office on Violence Against 
Women. Section 1001 amends section 10442 of title 34 of the 
U.S. Code to update the name of the office in the Department of 
Justice charged with implementing VAWA, from the ``Violence 
Against Women Office'' to the ``Office on Violence Against 
Women,'' and adds to the jurisdiction of the Office the VAWA 
reauthorization bills passed in 2005 and 2013, as well as the 
current reauthorization. It clarifies that the Office on 
Violence Against Women must not be subsumed under any other 
grant-making office within the U.S. Department of Justice.

      TITLE XI--IMPROVING CONDITIONS FOR WOMEN IN FEDERAL CUSTODY

    Sec. 1101. Improving the Treatment of Primary Caretaker 
Parents and other Individuals in Federal Prisons. Section 1101 
amends chapter 303 of title 18 of the U.S. Code to direct the 
Director of the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) to establish an office 
to determine the placement of prisoners. The office would be 
required to place prisoners taking into consideration several 
factors, including proximity to the prisoner's children, health 
and safety of the prisoner, and other factors determined by the 
office and by reference to a specific protocol. Section 1101 
prohibits segregated housing for prisoners who are pregnant, or 
in post-partum recovery, and requires the BOP to hold parenting 
classes for prisoners who are primary caretaker parents. In 
addition, it requires training for corrections officers and BOP 
employees to learn to identify trauma among prisoners and to 
learn how to refer them to health professionals.
    Section 1101 directs the BOP to furnish proper health care 
for all prisoners, including access to a gynecologist, and to 
provide shampoo, toothpaste, toothbrushes, and other hygienic 
products, at no cost, for prisoners. The Director of the BOP 
would also be required to issue regulations pertaining to sex-
appropriate strip-searches and the use of restrooms by 
correctional officers that are reserved for prisoners of the 
opposite sex. Section 1101 prohibits the BOP Director from 
preventing an eligible prisoner who is a primary caretaking 
parent or is pregnant from participating in a program of 
residential substance abuse treatment because, prior to their 
commitment to the BOP, the prisoner failed to disclose their 
substance abuse problem. Section 1101 requires implementation 
of these provisions not later than two years from enactment.
    Sec. 1102. Public Health and Safety of Women. Section 1102 
directs the BOP to establish, no later than 270 days from 
enactment, a pilot program to permit women incarcerated in the 
BOP and the children born to such women during incarceration to 
reside together while the prisoner serves a term of 
imprisonment in a separate housing wing of the prison. Any 
inmate who is pregnant at the beginning of the term of 
imprisonment in BOP would be eligible to apply for the program. 
Inmates would be selected to participate for up to 30 months, 
unless released from custody earlier. Section 1102 directs the 
development of an offender risk and needs assessment system 
particular to the health sensitivities of federally 
incarcerated pregnant women and mothers; the development of 
recommendations for recidivism reduction programs and 
productive activities; and ongoing research and data analysis 
to determine whether revisions or updates to the program are 
appropriate. It directs annual reporting to Congress regarding 
progress in implementation of the program and authorizes $10 
million per fiscal year, for 2020 through 2024.

       TITLE XII--LAW ENFORCEMENT TOOLS TO ENHANCE PUBLIC SAFETY

    Sec. 1201. Notification to Law Enforcement Agencies of 
Prohibited Purchase or Attempted Purchase of a Firearm. Section 
1201 amends title I of the National Instant Criminal Background 
Check System (NICS) Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 to 
require NICS to notify law enforcement when a person subject to 
an order of protection or a person who has been convicted of a 
misdemeanor crime of domestic violence or a misdemeanor crime 
of stalking fails a background check. This requirement shall 
apply if NICS made such a determination more than three days 
after NICS was first contacted to run a check on the person and 
the prohibited person has taken possession of the firearm. The 
appropriate agencies for notification are the relevant FBI 
field office and local, state and tribal law enforcement.
    Sec. 1202. Reporting of Background Check Denials to State, 
Local, and Tribal Authorities. Section 1202 amends section 44 
of title 18 of the U.S. Code by requiring the Attorney General, 
within 24 hours after the issuance of an NICS notice about a 
person subject to an order of protection, or who has been 
convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence or a 
misdemeanor crime of stalking, to issue a report to state, 
local, or tribal law enforcement and prosecutors in the 
jurisdiction where the person sought to acquire the firearm, or 
to law enforcement authorities and prosecutors in the person's 
state of residence.
    Sec. 1203. Special Assistant U.S. Attorneys and Cross-
Deputized Attorneys. Section 1203 amends chapter 44 of title 18 
of the U.S. Code to authorize the Attorney General to use 
existing authority to deputize Special Assistant U.S. Attorneys 
in at least 75 jurisdictions, including tribal jurisdictions, 
with high rates of firearm-involved intimate partner violence, 
to enforce or assist the U.S. Attorney Offices in prosecuting 
prohibited possessors who are subject to an order of 
protection, or have been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of 
domestic violence or a misdemeanor crime of stalking. It also 
deputizes state, tribal, territorial and local prosecutors and 
law enforcement officers for the purpose of enhancing the work 
of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives 
(ATF) in responding to intimate partner violence. Section 1203 
also requires ATF field offices and U.S. Attorney Offices to 
appoint domestic violence points of contact to expedite 
requests for assistance from State, tribal, territorial and 
local law enforcement.

        TITLE XIII--CLOSING THE LAW ENFORCEMENT CONSENT LOOPHOLE

    Sec. 1301. Short title. Section 1301 sets forth the short 
title of this title of the bill as the ``Closing the Law 
Enforcement Consent Loophole Act of 2019''.
    Sec 1302. Prohibition on Engaging in Sexual Acts While 
Acting Under Color of Law. Section 1302 amends section 2243 of 
title 18 of the U.S. Code to make it unlawful for a person, 
while acting under color of law, to knowingly engage in a 
sexual act with an individual who is under arrest, in detention 
or otherwise in the actual custody of any federal law 
enforcement officer. Section 1302 establishes that, in such a 
prosecution, it shall not be a defense that the other 
individual consented to the sexual act. A person found guilty 
of this offense may be imprisoned for up to 15 years.
    Sec. 1303. Incentives for States. Section 1303 authorizes 
the Attorney General to make grants to states, tribes, and 
territories that have in effect laws prohibiting a person 
charged with unlawfully engaging in a sexual act while acting 
under color of law, and which foreclose the defense of consent 
to such an act by the victim. The bill authorizes $5 million 
for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
    Sec. 1304. Reports to Congress. Section 1304 requires the 
Attorney General and GAO report to Congress no later than one 
year after enactment of this Act, and each year thereafter, to 
submit findings of reports made to federal law enforcement 
regarding violations of this law and dispositions of such 
cases.
    Sec. 1305. Definitions. Section 1305 defines ``sexual act'' 
as defined in section 2246 of title 18 of the U.S. Code.

                        TITLE XIV--OTHER MATTERS

    The bill authorizes funding for fiscal years 2020 through 
2024 for the following: National Stalker and Domestic Violence 
Reduction (Sec. 1401), Federal Victim Assistants 
Reauthorization (Sec. 1402), Child Abuse Training Programs for 
Judicial Personnel and Practitioners Reauthorization (Sec. 
1403), Sex Offender Management (Sec. 1404), Court-Appointed 
Special Advocate Program (Sec. 1405), Rape Kit Backlog (Sec. 
1406), and Sexual Assault Forensic Exam Program Grants (Sec. 
1407).

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, H.R. 1585, as reported, are shown as follows 
(existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets, new matter is printed in italic, existing law in 
which no changes are proposed is shown in roman):

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

                   VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT OF 1994




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE IV--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 40002. DEFINITIONS AND GRANT PROVISIONS.

  (a) Definitions.--[In this title] In this title, including 
for the purpose of grants authorized under this Act,:
          (1) Abuse in later life.--The term ``abuse in later 
        life'' means neglect, abandonment, domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking of an 
        adult over the age of 50 by any person, or economic 
        abuse of that adult by a person in an ongoing, 
        relationship of trust with the victim. Self-neglect is 
        not included in this definition.
          [(1)] (2) Alaska native village.--The term ``Alaska 
        Native village'' has the same meaning given such term 
        in the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 
        1601 et seq.).
          (3) Alternative justice response.--The term 
        ``alternative justice response'' means a process, 
        whether court-ordered or community-based, that--
                  (A) involves, on a voluntary basis, and to 
                the extent possible, those who have committed a 
                specific offense and those who have been harmed 
                as a result of the offense;
                  (B) has the goal of collectively seeking 
                accountability from the accused, and developing 
                a process whereby the accused will take 
                responsibility for his or her actions, and a 
                plan for providing relief to those harmed, 
                through allocution, restitution, community 
                service, or other processes upon which the 
                victim, the accused, the community, and the 
                court (if court-ordered) can agree;
                  (C) is conducted in a framework that protects 
                victim safety and supports victim autonomy; and
                  (D) provides that information disclosed 
                during such process may not be used for any 
                other law enforcement purpose, including 
                impeachment or prosecution, without the express 
                permission of all participants.
          [(2)] (4) Courts.--The term ``courts'' means any 
        civil or criminal, tribal, and Alaska Native Village, 
        Federal, State, local or territorial court having 
        jurisdiction to address domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault or stalking, including 
        immigration, family, juvenile, and dependency courts, 
        and the judicial officers serving in those courts, 
        including judges, magistrate judges, commissioners, 
        justices of the peace, or any other person with 
        decisionmaking authority.
          [(3)] (5) Child abuse and neglect.--The term ``child 
        abuse and neglect'' means any recent act or failure to 
        act on the part of a parent or caregiver with intent to 
        cause death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual 
        abuse, or exploitation, or an act or failure to act 
        which presents an imminent risk of serious harm to an 
        unemancipated minor. This definition shall not be 
        construed to mean that failure to leave an abusive 
        relationship, in the absence of other action 
        constituting abuse or neglect, is itself abuse or 
        neglect.
          [(4)] (6) Community-based organization.--The term 
        ``community-based organization'' means a nonprofit, 
        nongovernmental, or tribal organization that serves a 
        specific geographic community that--
                  (A) focuses primarily on domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking;
                  (B) has established a specialized culturally 
                specific program that addresses domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking;
                  (C) has a primary focus on underserved 
                populations (and includes representatives of 
                these populations) and domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking; 
                or
                  (D) obtains expertise, or shows demonstrated 
                capacity to work effectively, on domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                stalking through collaboration.
          [(5) Child maltreatment.--The term ``child 
        maltreatment'' means the physical or psychological 
        abuse or neglect of a child or youth, including sexual 
        assault and abuse.]
          (7) Court-based and court-related personnel.--The 
        term ``court-based personnel'' and ``court-related 
        personnel'' means persons working in the court, whether 
        paid or volunteer, including--
                  (A) clerks, special masters, domestic 
                relations officers, administrators, mediators, 
                custody evaluators, guardians ad litem, 
                lawyers, negotiators, probation, parole, 
                interpreters, victim assistants, victim 
                advocates, and judicial, administrative, or any 
                other professionals or personnel similarly 
                involved in the legal process;
                  (B) court security personnel;
                  (C) personnel working in related, 
                supplementary offices or programs (such as 
                child support enforcement); and
                  (D) any other court-based or community-based 
                personnel having responsibilities or authority 
                to address domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, or stalking in the court 
                system.
          [(6)] (8) Culturally specific.--The term ``culturally 
        specific'' means primarily directed toward racial and 
        ethnic minority groups (as defined in section 1707(g) 
        of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300u-6(g)).
          [(7)] (9) Culturally specific services.--The term 
        ``culturally specific services'' means community-based 
        services that include culturally relevant and 
        linguistically specific services and resources to 
        culturally specific communities.
          [(8) Domestic violence.--The term ``domestic 
        violence'' includes felony or misdemeanor crimes of 
        violence committed by a current or former spouse or 
        intimate partner of the victim, by a person with whom 
        the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is 
        cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as 
        a spouse or intimate partner, by a person similarly 
        situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic 
        or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving 
        grant monies, or by any other person against an adult 
        or youth victim who is protected from that person's 
        acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the 
        jurisdiction.]
          (10) Domestic violence.--The term ``domestic 
        violence'' means a pattern of behavior involving the 
        use or attempted use of physical, sexual, verbal, 
        emotional, economic, or technological abuse or any 
        other coercive behavior committed, enabled, or 
        solicited to gain or maintain power and control over a 
        victim, by a person who--
                  (A) is a current or former spouse or dating 
                partner of the victim, or other person 
                similarly situated to a spouse of the victim 
                under the family or domestic violence laws of 
                the jurisdiction;
                  (B) is cohabitating with or has cohabitated 
                with the victim as a spouse or dating partner, 
                or other person similarly situated to a spouse 
                of the victim under the family or domestic 
                violence laws of the jurisdiction;
                  (C) shares a child in common with the victim;
                  (D) is an adult family member of, or paid or 
                nonpaid caregiver for, a victim aged 50 or 
                older or an adult victim with disabilities; or
                  (E) commits acts against a youth or adult 
                victim who is protected from those acts under 
                the family or domestic violence laws of the 
                jurisdiction.
          [(9)] (11) Dating partner.--The term ``dating 
        partner'' refers to a person who is or has been in a 
        social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature 
        with the abuser, and where the existence of such a 
        relationship shall be determined based on a 
        consideration of--
                  (A) the length of the relationship;
                  (B) the type of relationship; and
                  (C) the frequency of interaction between the 
                persons involved in the relationship.
          [(10)] (12) Dating violence.--The term ``dating 
        violence'' means violence committed by a person--
                  (A) who is or has been in a social 
                relationship of a romantic or intimate nature 
                with the victim; and
                  (B) where the existence of such a 
                relationship shall be determined based on a 
                consideration of the following factors:
                          (i) The length of the relationship.
                          (ii) The type of relationship.
                          (iii) The frequency of interaction 
                        between the persons involved in the 
                        relationship.
          [(11) Elder abuse.--The term ``elder abuse'' means 
        any action against a person who is 50 years of age or 
        older that constitutes the willful--
                  [(A) infliction of injury, unreasonable 
                confinement, intimidation, or cruel punishment 
                with resulting physical harm, pain, or mental 
                anguish; or
                  [(B) deprivation by a person, including a 
                caregiver, of goods or services with intent to 
                cause physical harm, mental anguish, or mental 
                illness.
          [(12) Homeless.--The term ``homeless'' has the 
        meaning provided in section 41403(6).]
          (13) Digital services.--The term ``digital services'' 
        means services, resources, information, support or 
        referrals provided through electronic communications 
        platforms and media, whether via mobile device 
        technology, video technology, or computer technology, 
        including utilizing the internet, as well as any other 
        emerging communications technologies that are 
        appropriate for the purposes of providing services, 
        resources, information, support, or referrals for the 
        benefit of victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
          (14) Economic abuse.--The term ``economic abuse'', in 
        the context of domestic violence, dating violence, and 
        abuse in later life, means behavior that is coercive, 
        deceptive, or unreasonably controls or restrains a 
        person's ability to acquire, use, or maintain economic 
        resources to which they are entitled, including using 
        coercion, fraud, or manipulation to--
                  (A) restrict a person's access to money, 
                assets, credit, or financial information;
                  (B) unfairly use a person's personal economic 
                resources, including money, assets, and credit, 
                for one's own advantage; or
                  (C) exert undue influence over a person's 
                financial and economic behavior or decisions, 
                including forcing default on joint or other 
                financial obligations, exploiting powers of 
                attorney, guardianship, or conservatorship, or 
                failing or neglecting to act in the best 
                interests of a person to whom one has a 
                fiduciary duty.
          (15) Elder abuse.--The term ``elder abuse'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 2 of the Elder Abuse 
        Prevention and Prosecution Act. The terms `abuse,' 
        `elder,' and `exploitation' have the meanings given 
        those terms in section 2011 of the Social Security Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 1397j).
          (16) Forced marriage.--The term ``forced marriage'' 
        means a marriage to which one or both parties do not or 
        cannot consent, and in which one or more elements of 
        force, fraud, or coercion is present. Forced marriage 
        can be both a cause and a consequence of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault or stalking.
          (17) Homeless.--The term ``homeless'' has the meaning 
        given such term in section 41403(6).
          [(13)] (18) Indian.--The term ``Indian'' means a 
        member of an Indian tribe.
          [(14)] (19) Indian country.--The term ``Indian 
        country'' has the same meaning given such term in 
        section 1151 of title 18, United States Code.
          [(15)] (20) Indian housing.--The term ``Indian 
        housing'' means housing assistance described in the 
        Native American Housing Assistance and Self-
        Determination Act of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq., as 
        amended).
          [(16)] (21) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' 
        means a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other organized 
        group or community of Indians, including any Alaska 
        Native village or regional or village corporation (as 
        defined in, or established pursuant to, the Alaska 
        Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.)), 
        that is recognized as eligible for the special programs 
        and services provided by the United States to Indians 
        because of their status as Indians.
          [(17)] (22) Indian law enforcement.--The term 
        ``Indian law enforcement'' means the departments or 
        individuals under the direction of the Indian tribe 
        that maintain public order.
          [(18)] (23) Law enforcement.--The term ``law 
        enforcement'' means a public agency charged with 
        policing functions, including any of its component 
        bureaus (such as governmental victim services programs 
        or Village Public Safety Officers), including those 
        referred to in section 3 of the Indian Enforcement 
        Reform Act (25 U.S.C. 2802).
          [(19)] (24) Legal assistance.--The term ``legal 
        assistance'' includes assistance to adult and youth 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking in--
                  (A) family, tribal, territorial, immigration, 
                employment, administrative agency, housing 
                matters, campus administrative or protection or 
                stay away order proceedings, and other similar 
                matters; and
                  (B) criminal justice investigations, 
                prosecutions and post-trial matters (including 
                sentencing, parole, [and probation] probation, 
                and vacatur or expungement) that impact the 
                victim's safety and privacy.
        Intake or referral, by itself, does not constitute 
        legal assistance.
          [(20)] (25) Personally identifying information or 
        personal information.--The term ``personally 
        identifying information'' or ``personal information'' 
        means individually identifying information for or about 
        an individual including information likely to disclose 
        the location of a victim of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking, regardless of 
        whether the information is encoded, encrypted, hashed, 
        or otherwise protected, including--
                  (A) a first and last name;
                  (B) a home or other physical address;
                  (C) contact information (including a postal, 
                e-mail or Internet protocol address, or 
                telephone or facsimile number);
                  (D) a social security number, driver license 
                number, passport number, or student 
                identification number; and
                  (E) any other information, including date of 
                birth, racial or ethnic background, or 
                religious affiliation, that would serve to 
                identify any individual.
          [(21)] (26) Population specific organization.--The 
        term ``population specific organization'' means a 
        nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that primarily 
        serves members of a specific underserved population and 
        has demonstrated experience and expertise providing 
        targeted services to members of that specific 
        underserved population.
          [(22)] (27) Population specific services.--The term 
        ``population specific services'' means victim-centered 
        services that address the safety, health, economic, 
        legal, housing, workplace, immigration, 
        confidentiality, or other needs of victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, 
        and that are designed primarily for and are targeted to 
        a specific underserved population.
          [(23)] (28) Prosecution.--The term ``prosecution'' 
        means any public agency charged with direct 
        responsibility for prosecuting criminal offenders, 
        including such agency's component bureaus (such as 
        governmental victim assistance programs).
          [(24)] (29) Protection order or restraining order.--
        The term ``protection order'' or ``restraining order'' 
        includes--
                  (A) any injunction, restraining order, or any 
                other order issued by a civil or criminal court 
                for the purpose of preventing violent or 
                threatening acts or harassment against, sexual 
                violence or contact or communication with or 
                physical proximity to, another person, 
                including any temporary or final orders issued 
                by civil or criminal courts whether obtained by 
                filing an independent action or as a pendente 
                lite order in another proceeding so long as any 
                civil order was issued in response to a 
                complaint, petition, or motion filed by or on 
                behalf of a person seeking protection; and
                  (B) any support, child custody or visitation 
                provisions, orders, remedies, or relief issued 
                as part of a protection order, restraining 
                order, or stay away injunction pursuant to 
                State, tribal, territorial, or local law 
                authorizing the issuance of protection orders, 
                restraining orders, or injunctions for the 
                protection of victims of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
          [(25)] (30) Rape crisis center.--The term ``rape 
        crisis center'' means a nonprofit, nongovernmental, or 
        tribal organization, or governmental entity in a State 
        other than a Territory that provides intervention and 
        related assistance, as specified in section 
        41601(b)(2)(C), to victims of sexual assault without 
        regard to their age. In the case of a governmental 
        entity, the entity may not be part of the criminal 
        justice system (such as a law enforcement agency) and 
        must be able to offer a comparable level of 
        confidentiality as a nonprofit entity that provides 
        similar victim services.
          [(26)] (31) Rural area and rural community.--The term 
        ``rural area'' and ``rural community'' mean--
                  (A) any area or community, respectively, no 
                part of which is within an area designated as a 
                standard metropolitan statistical area by the 
                Office of Management and Budget;
                  (B) any area or community, respectively, that 
                is--
                          (i) within an area designated as a 
                        metropolitan statistical area or 
                        considered as part of a metropolitan 
                        statistical area; and
                          (ii) located in a rural census tract; 
                        or
                  (C) any federally recognized Indian tribe.
          [(27)] (32) Rural state.--The term ``rural State'' 
        means a State that has a population density of 57 or 
        fewer persons per square mile or a State in which the 
        largest county has fewer than 250,000 people, based on 
        the most recent decennial census.
          [(28)] (33) Sex trafficking.--The term ``sex 
        trafficking'' means any conduct proscribed by section 
        1591 of title 18, United States Code, whether or not 
        the conduct occurs in interstate or foreign commerce or 
        within the special maritime and territorial 
        jurisdiction of the United States.
          [(29)] (34) Sexual assault.--The term ``sexual 
        assault'' means any nonconsensual sexual act proscribed 
        by Federal, tribal, or State law, including when the 
        victim lacks capacity to consent.
          [(30)] (35) Stalking.--The term ``stalking'' means 
        engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific 
        person that would cause a reasonable person to--
                  (A) fear for his or her safety or the safety 
                of others; or
                  (B) suffer substantial emotional distress.
          [(31)] (36) State.--The term ``State'' means each of 
        the several States and the District of Columbia, and 
        except as otherwise provided, the Commonwealth of 
        Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, 
        and the Northern Mariana Islands.
          [(32)] (37) State domestic violence coalition.--The 
        term ``State domestic violence coalition'' means a 
        program determined by the Administration for Children 
        and Families under sections 302 and 311 of the Family 
        Violence Prevention and Services Act.
          [(33)] (38) State sexual assault coalition.--The term 
        ``State sexual assault coalition'' means a program 
        determined by the Center for Injury Prevention and 
        Control of the Centers for Disease Control and 
        Prevention under the Public Health Service Act (42 
        U.S.C. 280b et seq.).
          (39) Internet enabled device.--The term ``internet 
        enabled device'' means devices that have a connection 
        the Internet, send and receive information and data, 
        and maybe accessed via mobile device technology, video 
        technology, or computer technology, away from the 
        location where the device is installed, and may include 
        home automation systems, door locks, and thermostats.
          (40) Technological abuse.--The term ``technological 
        abuse'' means behavior intended to harm, threaten, 
        intimidate, control, stalk, harass, impersonate, or 
        monitor, except as otherwise permitted by law, another 
        person, that occurs using the Internet, internet 
        enabled devices, social networking sites, computers, 
        mobile devices, cellular telephones, apps, location 
        tracking devices, instant messages, text messages, or 
        other forms of technology. Technological abuse may 
        include--
                  (A) unwanted, repeated telephone calls, text 
                messages, instant messages, or social media 
                posts;
                  (B) non-consensual accessing e-mail accounts, 
                texts or instant messaging accounts, social 
                networking accounts, or cellular telephone 
                logs;
                  (C) controlling or restricting a person's 
                ability to access technology with the intent to 
                isolate them from support and social 
                connection;
                  (D) using tracking devices or location 
                tracking software for the purpose of monitoring 
                or stalking another person's location;
                  (E) impersonating a person (including through 
                the use of spoofing technology in photo or 
                video or the creation of accounts under a false 
                name) with the intent to deceive or cause harm; 
                or
                  (F) sharing or urging or compelling the 
                sharing of another person's private 
                information, photographs, or videos without 
                their consent.
          [(34)] (41) Territorial domestic violence or sexual 
        assault coalition.--The term ``territorial domestic 
        violence or sexual assault coalition'' means a program 
        addressing domestic or sexual violence that is--
                  (A) an established nonprofit, nongovernmental 
                territorial coalition addressing domestic 
                violence or sexual assault within the 
                territory; or
                  (B) a nongovernmental organization with a 
                demonstrated history of addressing domestic 
                violence or sexual assault within the territory 
                that proposes to incorporate as a nonprofit, 
                nongovernmental territorial coalition.
          [(35)] (42) Tribal coalition.--The term ``tribal 
        coalition'' means an established nonprofit, 
        nongovernmental Indian organization, Alaska Native 
        organization, or a Native Hawaiian organization that--
                  (A) provides education, support, and 
                technical assistance to member Indian service 
                providers in a manner that enables those member 
                providers to establish and maintain culturally 
                appropriate services, including shelter and 
                rape crisis services, designed to assist Indian 
                women and the dependents of those women who are 
                victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, and stalking; and
                  (B) is comprised of board and general members 
                that are representative of--
                          (i) the member service providers 
                        described in subparagraph (A); and
                          (ii) the tribal communities in which 
                        the services are being provided.
          [(36)] (43) Tribal government.--The term ``tribal 
        government'' means--
                  (A) the governing body of an Indian tribe; or
                  (B) a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other 
                organized group or community of Indians, 
                including any Alaska Native village or regional 
                or village corporation (as defined in, or 
                established pursuant to, the Alaska Native 
                Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et 
                seq.)), that is recognized as eligible for the 
                special programs and services provided by the 
                United States to Indians because of their 
                status as Indians.
          [(37)] (44) Tribal nonprofit organization.--The term 
        ``tribal nonprofit organization'' means--
                  (A) a victim services provider that has as 
                its primary purpose to assist Native victims of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking; and
                  (B) staff and leadership of the organization 
                must include persons with a demonstrated 
                history of assisting American Indian or Alaska 
                Native victims of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
          [(38)] (45) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal 
        organization'' means--
                  (A) the governing body of any Indian tribe;
                  (B) any legally established organization of 
                Indians which is controlled, sanctioned, or 
                chartered by such governing body of a tribe or 
                tribes to be served, or which is democratically 
                elected by the adult members of the Indian 
                community to be served by such organization and 
                which includes the maximum participation of 
                Indians in all phases of its activities; or
                  (C) any tribal nonprofit organization.
          [(39)] (46) Underserved populations.--The term 
        ``underserved populations'' means populations who face 
        barriers in accessing and using victim services, and 
        includes populations underserved because of geographic 
        location, religion, sexual orientation, gender 
        identity, underserved racial and ethnic populations, 
        populations underserved because of special needs (such 
        as language barriers, disabilities, alienage status, or 
        age), and any other population determined to be 
        underserved by the Attorney General or by the Secretary 
        of Health and Human Services, as appropriate.
          [(40)] (47) Unit of local government.--The term 
        ``unit of local government'' means any city, county, 
        township, town, borough, parish, village, or other 
        general purpose political subdivision of a State.
          [(41)] (48) Victim advocate.--The term ``victim 
        advocate'' means a person, whether paid or serving as a 
        volunteer, who provides services to victims of domestic 
        violence, sexual assault, stalking, or dating violence 
        under the auspices or supervision of a victim services 
        program.
          [(42)] (49) Victim assistant.--The term ``victim 
        assistant'' means a person, whether paid or serving as 
        a volunteer, who provides services to victims of 
        domestic violence, sexual assault, stalking, or dating 
        violence under the auspices or supervision of a court 
        or a law enforcement or prosecution agency.
          [(43)] (50) Victim service provider.--The term 
        ``victim service provider'' means a nonprofit, 
        nongovernmental or tribal organization or rape crisis 
        center, including a State or tribal coalition, that 
        assists or advocates for domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking victims, 
        including domestic violence shelters, faith-based 
        organizations, and other organizations, with a 
        documented history of effective work concerning 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking.
          [(44)] (51) Victim services or services.--The terms 
        ``victim services'' and ``services'' mean services 
        provided to victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking, including 
        telephonic or web-based hotlines, legal advocacy, 
        economic advocacy, emergency and transitional shelter, 
        accompaniment and advocacy through medical, civil or 
        criminal justice, immigration, and social support 
        systems, crisis intervention, short-term individual and 
        group support services, information and referrals, 
        culturally specific services, population specific 
        services, and other related supportive services.
          [(45)] (52) Youth.--The term ``youth'' means a person 
        who is 11 to 24 years old.
  (b) Grant Conditions.--
          (1) Match.--No matching funds shall be required for 
        any grant or subgrant made under this Act for--
                  (A) any tribe, territory, or victim service 
                provider; or
                  (B) any other entity, including a State, 
                that--
                          (i) petitions for a waiver of any 
                        match condition imposed by the Attorney 
                        General or the Secretaries of Health 
                        and Human Services or Housing and Urban 
                        Development; and
                          (ii) whose petition for waiver is 
                        determined by the Attorney General or 
                        the Secretaries of Health and Human 
                        Services or Housing and Urban 
                        Development to have adequately 
                        demonstrated the financial need of the 
                        petitioning entity.
          (2) Nondisclosure of confidential or private 
        information.--
                  (A) In general.--In order to ensure the 
                safety of adult, youth, and child victims of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking, and their families, 
                grantees and subgrantees under this title shall 
                protect the confidentiality and privacy of 
                persons receiving services.
                  (B) Nondisclosure.--Subject to subparagraphs 
                (C) and (D), grantees and subgrantees shall 
                not--
                          (i) disclose, reveal, or release any 
                        personally identifying information or 
                        individual information collected in 
                        connection with services requested, 
                        utilized, or denied through grantees' 
                        and subgrantees' programs, regardless 
                        of whether the information has been 
                        encoded, encrypted, hashed, or 
                        otherwise protected; or
                          (ii) disclose, reveal, or release 
                        individual client information without 
                        the informed, written, reasonably time-
                        limited consent of the person (or in 
                        the case of an unemancipated minor, the 
                        minor and the parent or guardian or in 
                        the case of legal incapacity, a court-
                        appointed guardian) about whom 
                        information is sought, whether for this 
                        program or any other Federal, State, 
                        tribal, or territorial grant program, 
                        except that consent for release may not 
                        be given by the abuser of the minor, 
                        incapacitated person, or the abuser of 
                        the other parent of the minor.
                If a minor or a person with a legally appointed 
                guardian is permitted by law to receive 
                services without the parent's or guardian's 
                consent, the minor or person with a guardian 
                may release information without additional 
                consent.
                  (C) Release.--If release of information 
                described in subparagraph (B) is compelled by 
                statutory or court mandate--
                          (i) grantees and subgrantees shall 
                        make reasonable attempts to provide 
                        notice to victims affected by the 
                        disclosure of information; and
                          (ii) grantees and subgrantees shall 
                        take steps necessary to protect the 
                        privacy and safety of the persons 
                        affected by the release of the 
                        information.
                  (D) Use of technology.--Grantees and 
                subgrantees may use telephone, internet, and 
                other technologies to protect the privacy, 
                location and help-seeking activities of victims 
                using services. Such technologies may include--
                          (i) software, apps or hardware that 
                        block caller ID or conceal IP 
                        addresses, including instances in which 
                        victims use digital services; or
                          (ii) technologies or protocols that 
                        inhibit or prevent a perpetrator's 
                        attempts to use technology or social 
                        media to threaten, harass or harm the 
                        victim, the victim's family, friends, 
                        neighbors or co-workers, or the program 
                        providing services to them.
                  [(D)] (E) Information sharing.--
                          (i) Grantees and subgrantees may 
                        share--
                                  (I) nonpersonally identifying 
                                data in the aggregate regarding 
                                services to their clients and 
                                nonpersonally identifying 
                                demographic information in 
                                order to comply with Federal, 
                                State, tribal, or territorial 
                                reporting, evaluation, or data 
                                collection requirements;
                                  (II) court-generated 
                                information and law 
                                enforcement-generated 
                                information contained in 
                                secure, governmental registries 
                                for protection order 
                                enforcement purposes; and
                                  (III) law enforcement-
                                generated and prosecution-
                                generated information necessary 
                                for law enforcement and 
                                prosecution purposes.
                          (ii) In no circumstances may--
                                  (I) an adult, youth, or child 
                                victim of domestic violence, 
                                dating violence, sexual 
                                assault, or stalking be 
                                required to provide a consent 
                                to release his or her 
                                personally identifying 
                                information as a condition of 
                                eligibility for the services 
                                provided by the grantee or 
                                subgrantee;
                                  (II) any personally 
                                identifying information be 
                                shared in order to comply with 
                                Federal, tribal, or State 
                                reporting, evaluation, or data 
                                collection requirements, 
                                whether for this program or any 
                                other Federal, tribal, or State 
                                grant program.
                  [(E)] (F) Statutorily mandated reports of 
                abuse or neglect.--Nothing in this section 
                prohibits a grantee or subgrantee from 
                reporting suspected abuse or neglect, as those 
                terms are defined and specifically mandated by 
                the State or tribe involved.
                  (G) Death of the party whose privacy had been 
                protected.--In the event of the death of any 
                victim whose confidentiality and privacy is 
                required to be protected under this subsection, 
                such requirement shall continue to apply, and 
                the right to authorize release of any 
                confidential or protected information is be 
                vested in the next of kin, except that consent 
                for release of the deceased victim's 
                information may not be given by a person who 
                had perpetrated abuse against the deceased 
                victim.
                  [(F)] (H) Oversight.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph shall prevent the Attorney General 
                from disclosing grant activities authorized in 
                this Act to the chairman and ranking members of 
                the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on the 
                Judiciary of the Senate exercising 
                Congressional oversight authority. All 
                disclosures shall protect confidentiality and 
                omit personally identifying information, 
                including location information about 
                individuals.
                  [(G)] (I) Confidentiality assessment and 
                assurances.--Grantees and subgrantees must 
                document their compliance with the 
                confidentiality and privacy provisions required 
                under this section.
          (3) Approved activities.--In carrying out the 
        activities under this title, grantees and subgrantees 
        may collaborate with or provide information to Federal, 
        State, local, tribal, and territorial public officials 
        and agencies to develop and implement policies and 
        develop and promote State, local, or tribal legislation 
        or model codes designed to reduce or eliminate domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking 
        provided that the confidentiality and privacy 
        requirements of this title are maintained, and that 
        personally identifying information about adult, youth, 
        and child victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault and stalking is not requested 
        or included in any such collaboration or information-
        sharing.
          (4) Non-supplantation.--Any Federal funds received 
        under this title shall be used to supplement, not 
        supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be 
        available for activities under this title.
          (5) Use of funds.--Funds authorized and appropriated 
        under this title may be used only for the specific 
        purposes described in this title and shall remain 
        available until expended.
          (6) Reports.--An entity receiving a grant under this 
        title shall submit to the disbursing agency a report 
        detailing the activities undertaken with the grant 
        funds, including and providing additional information 
        as the agency shall require. However, such disbursing 
        agencies must ensure that the confidentiality and 
        privacy requirements of this title are maintained in 
        making such reports, and that personally identifying 
        information about adult, youth and child victims of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault and 
        stalking is not requested or included in any such 
        reports.
          (7) Evaluation.--Federal agencies disbursing funds 
        under this title shall set aside up to 3 percent of 
        such funds in order to conduct--
                  (A) evaluations of specific programs or 
                projects funded by the disbursing agency under 
                this title or related research; or
                  (B) evaluations of promising practices or 
                problems emerging in the field or related 
                research, in order to inform the agency or 
                agencies as to which programs or projects are 
                likely to be effective or responsive to needs 
                in the field.
        Final reports of such evaluations shall be made 
        available to the public via the agency's website.
          (8) Nonexclusivity.--Nothing in this title shall be 
        construed to prohibit male victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking 
        from receiving benefits and services under this title.
          (9) Prohibition on tort litigation.--Funds 
        appropriated for the grant program under this title may 
        not be used to fund civil representation in a lawsuit 
        based on a tort claim. This paragraph should not be 
        construed as a prohibition on providing assistance to 
        obtain restitution in a protection order or criminal 
        case.
          (10) Prohibition on lobbying.--Any funds appropriated 
        for the grant program shall be subject to the 
        prohibition in section 1913 of title 18, United States 
        Code, relating to lobbying with appropriated moneys.
          (11) Technical assistance.--Of the total amounts 
        appropriated under this title, not less than 3 percent 
        and up to 8 percent, unless otherwise noted, shall be 
        available for providing training and technical 
        assistance relating to the purposes of this title to 
        improve the capacity of the grantees, subgrantees, and 
        other entities. If there is a demonstrated history that 
        the Office on Violence Against Women has previously set 
        aside amounts greater than 8 percent for technical 
        assistance and training relating to grant programs 
        authorized under this title, the Office has the 
        authority to continue setting aside amounts greater 
        than 8 percent. The Office on Violence Against Women 
        shall make all technical assistance available as 
        broadly as possible to any appropriate grantees, 
        subgrantees, potential grantees, or other entities 
        without regard to whether the entity has received 
        funding from the Office on Violence Against Women for a 
        particular program or project.
          (12) Delivery of legal assistance.--Any grantee or 
        subgrantee providing legal assistance with funds 
        awarded under this title shall comply with the 
        eligibility requirements in section 1201(d) of the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-
        6(d)).
          (13) Civil rights.--
                  (A) Nondiscrimination.--No person in the 
                United States shall, on the basis of actual or 
                perceived race, color, religion, national 
                origin, sex, gender identity (as defined in 
                paragraph 249(c)(4) of title 18, United States 
                Code), sexual orientation, or disability, be 
                excluded from participation in, be denied the 
                benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination 
                under any program or activity funded in whole 
                or in part with funds made available under the 
                Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (title IV of 
                Public Law 103-322; 108 Stat. 1902), the 
                Violence Against Women Act of 2000 (division B 
                of Public Law 106-386; 114 Stat. 1491), the 
                Violence Against Women and Department of 
                Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX 
                of Public Law 109-162; 119 Stat. 3080), the 
                Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 
                2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 Stat. 54), and any 
                other program or activity funded in whole or in 
                part with funds appropriated for grants, 
                cooperative agreements, and other assistance 
                administered by the Office on Violence Against 
                Women.
                  (B) Exception.--If sex segregation or sex-
                specific programming is necessary to the 
                essential operation of a program, nothing in 
                this paragraph shall prevent any such program 
                or activity from consideration of an 
                individual's sex. In such circumstances, 
                grantees may meet the requirements of this 
                paragraph by providing comparable services to 
                individuals who cannot be provided with the 
                sex-segregated or sex-specific programming.
                  (C) Discrimination.--The authority of the 
                Attorney General and the Office of Justice 
                Programs to enforce this paragraph shall be the 
                same as it is under [section 3789d of title 42, 
                United States Code] section 809 of title I of 
                the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act 
                of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10228).
                  (D) Construction.--Nothing contained in this 
                paragraph shall be construed, interpreted, or 
                applied to supplant, displace, preempt, or 
                otherwise diminish the responsibilities and 
                liabilities under other State or Federal civil 
                rights law, whether statutory or common.
          (14) Clarification of victim services and legal 
        assistance.--Victim services and legal assistance under 
        this title also include services and assistance to 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking who are also victims of forced 
        marriage, or severe forms of trafficking in persons as 
        defined by section 103 of the Trafficking Victims 
        Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102).
          (15) Conferral.--
                  (A) In general.--The Office on Violence 
                Against Women shall establish a biennial 
                conferral process with State and tribal 
                coalitions and technical assistance providers 
                who receive funding through grants administered 
                by the Office on Violence Against Women and 
                authorized by this Act, and other key 
                stakeholders.
                  (B) Areas covered.--The areas of conferral 
                under this paragraph shall include--
                          (i) the administration of grants;
                          (ii) unmet needs;
                          (iii) promising practices in the 
                        field; and
                          (iv) emerging trends.
                  (C) Initial conferral.--The first conferral 
                shall be initiated not later than 6 months 
                after the date of enactment of the Violence 
                Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013.
                  (D) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                conclusion of each conferral period, the Office 
                on Violence Against Women shall publish a 
                comprehensive report that--
                          (i) summarizes the issues presented 
                        during conferral and what, if any, 
                        policies it intends to implement to 
                        address those issues;
                          (ii) is made available to the public 
                        on the Office on Violence Against 
                        Women's website and submitted to the 
                        Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                        Senate and the Committee on the 
                        Judiciary of the House of 
                        Representatives.
          (16) Accountability.--All grants awarded by the 
        Attorney General under this Act shall be subject to the 
        following accountability provisions:
                  (A) Audit requirement.--
                          (i) In general.--Beginning in the 
                        first fiscal year beginning after the 
                        date of the enactment of this Act, and 
                        in each fiscal year thereafter, the 
                        Inspector General of the Department of 
                        Justice shall conduct audits of 
                        recipients of grants under this Act to 
                        prevent waste, fraud, and abuse of 
                        funds by grantees. The Inspector 
                        General shall determine the appropriate 
                        number of grantees to be audited each 
                        year.
                          (ii) Definition.--In this paragraph, 
                        the term ``unresolved audit finding'' 
                        means a finding in the final audit 
                        report of the Inspector General of the 
                        Department of Justice that the audited 
                        grantee has utilized grant funds for an 
                        unauthorized expenditure or otherwise 
                        unallowable cost that is not closed or 
                        resolved within 12 months from the date 
                        when the final audit report is issued.
                          (iii) Mandatory exclusion.--A 
                        recipient of grant funds under this Act 
                        that is found to have an unresolved 
                        audit finding shall not be eligible to 
                        receive grant funds under this Act 
                        during the following 2 fiscal years.
                          (iv) Priority.--In awarding grants 
                        under this Act, the Attorney General 
                        shall give priority to eligible 
                        entities that did not have an 
                        unresolved audit finding during the 3 
                        fiscal years prior to submitting an 
                        application for a grant under this Act.
                          (v) Reimbursement.--If an entity is 
                        awarded grant funds under this Act 
                        during the 2-fiscal-year period in 
                        which the entity is barred from 
                        receiving grants under paragraph (2), 
                        the Attorney General shall--
                                  (I) deposit an amount equal 
                                to the grant funds that were 
                                improperly awarded to the 
                                grantee into the General Fund 
                                of the Treasury; and
                                  (II) seek to recoup the costs 
                                of the repayment to the fund 
                                from the grant recipient that 
                                was erroneously awarded grant 
                                funds.
                  (B) Nonprofit organization requirements.--
                          (i) Definition.--For purposes of this 
                        paragraph and the grant programs 
                        described in this Act, the term 
                        ``nonprofit organization'' means an 
                        organization that is described in 
                        section 501(c)(3) of the Internal 
                        Revenue Code of 1986 and is exempt from 
                        taxation under section 501(a) of such 
                        Code.
                          (ii) Prohibition.--The Attorney 
                        General may not award a grant under any 
                        grant program described in this Act to 
                        a nonprofit organization that holds 
                        money in offshore accounts for the 
                        purpose of avoiding paying the tax 
                        described in section 511(a) of the 
                        Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
                          (iii) Disclosure.--Each nonprofit 
                        organization that is awarded a grant 
                        under a grant program described in this 
                        Act and uses the procedures prescribed 
                        in regulations to create a rebuttable 
                        presumption of reasonableness for the 
                        compensation of its officers, 
                        directors, trustees and key employees, 
                        shall disclose to the Attorney General, 
                        in the application for the grant, the 
                        process for determining such 
                        compensation, including the independent 
                        persons involved in reviewing and 
                        approving such compensation, the 
                        comparability data used, and 
                        contemporaneous substantiation of the 
                        deliberation and decision. Upon 
                        request, the Attorney General shall 
                        make the information disclosed under 
                        this subsection available for public 
                        inspection.
                  (C) Conference expenditures.--
                          (i) Limitation.--No amounts 
                        authorized to be appropriated to the 
                        Department of Justice under this Act 
                        may be used by the Attorney General, or 
                        by any individual or organization 
                        awarded discretionary funds through a 
                        cooperative agreement under this Act, 
                        to host or support any expenditure for 
                        conferences that uses more than 
                        [$20,000 in Department funds, unless 
                        the Deputy Attorney General] $100,000 
                        in Department funds, unless the 
                        Director or Principal Deputy Director 
                        of the Office on Violence Against 
                        Women, the Deputy Attorney General, or 
                        such Assistant Attorney Generals, 
                        Directors, or principal deputies as the 
                        Deputy Attorney General may designate, 
                        provides prior written authorization 
                        that the funds may be expended to host 
                        a conference.
                          (ii) Written approval.--Written 
                        approval under clause (i) shall include 
                        a written estimate of all costs 
                        associated with the conference, 
                        including the cost of all food and 
                        beverages, audiovisual equipment, 
                        honoraria for speakers, and any 
                        entertainment.
                          (iii) Report.--The Deputy Attorney 
                        General shall submit an annual report 
                        to the Committee on the Judiciary of 
                        the Senate and the Committee on the 
                        Judiciary of the House of 
                        Representatives on all approved 
                        conference expenditures referenced in 
                        this paragraph.
                  (D) Annual certification.--Beginning in the 
                first fiscal year beginning after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act, the Attorney General 
                shall submit, to the Committee on the Judiciary 
                and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary and 
                the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives, an annual certification that--
                          (i) all audits issued by the Office 
                        of the Inspector General under 
                        paragraph (1) have been completed and 
                        reviewed by the appropriate Assistant 
                        Attorney General or Director;
                          (ii) all mandatory exclusions 
                        required under subparagraph (A)(iii) 
                        have been issued;
                          (iii) all reimbursements required 
                        under subparagraph (A)(v) have been 
                        made; and
                          (iv) includes a list of any grant 
                        recipients excluded under subparagraph 
                        (A) from the previous year.

Subtitle A--Safe Streets for Women

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 1--FEDERAL PENALTIES FOR SEX CRIMES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 40114. AUTHORIZATION FOR FEDERAL VICTIM ASSISTANTS.

  [There are authorized to be appropriated for the United 
States attorneys for the purpose of appointing victim 
assistants for the prosecution of sex crimes and domestic 
violence crimes where applicable (such as the District of 
Columbia), $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018.]

SEC. 40114. AUTHORIZATION FOR FEDERAL VICTIM'S COUNSELORS.

  There are authorized to be appropriated for the United States 
Attorneys for the purpose of appointing victim/witness 
counselors for the prosecution of sex crimes and domestic 
violence crimes where applicable (such as the District of 
Columbia), $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 
2024.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle B--Safe Homes for Women

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


   CHAPTER 11--TRANSITIONAL HOUSING ASSISTANCE GRANTS FOR VICTIMS OF 
    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, OR STALKING

SEC. 40299. TRANSITIONAL HOUSING ASSISTANCE GRANTS FOR VICTIMS OF 
                    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, 
                    OR STALKING.

  (a) In General.--The Attorney General, acting in consultation 
with [the Director of the Violence Against Women Office] the 
Director of the Office on Violence Against Women of the 
Department of Justice, the Department of Housing and Urban 
Development, and the Department of Health and Human Services, 
shall award grants under this section to States, units of local 
government, Indian tribes, and other organizations, including 
domestic violence and sexual assault victim service providers, 
domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions, other 
nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations, population-specific 
organizations, or community-based and culturally specific 
organizations, that have a documented history of effective work 
concerning domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
or stalking (referred to in this section as the ``recipient'') 
to carry out programs to provide assistance to minors, adults, 
and their dependents--
          (1) who are homeless, or in need of transitional 
        housing or other housing assistance, as a result of a 
        situation of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking; and
          (2) for whom emergency shelter services or other 
        crisis intervention services are unavailable or 
        insufficient.
  (b) Grants.--Grants awarded under this section may be used 
for programs that provide--
          (1) transitional housing, including funding for the 
        operating expenses of newly developed or existing 
        transitional housing.
          (2) short-term housing assistance, including rental 
        or utilities payments assistance and assistance with 
        related expenses such as payment of security deposits 
        and other costs incidental to relocation to 
        transitional housing for persons described in 
        subsection (a); and
          (3) support services designed to enable a minor, an 
        adult, or a dependent of such minor or adult, who is 
        fleeing a situation of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking to--
                  (A) locate and secure permanent housing;
                  (B) secure employment, including obtaining 
                employment counseling, occupational training, 
                job retention counseling, and counseling 
                concerning re-entry in to the workforce; and
                  (C) integrate into a community by providing 
                that minor, adult, or dependent with services, 
                such as transportation, counseling, child care 
                services, case management, and other 
                assistance. Participation in the support 
                services shall be voluntary. Receipt of the 
                benefits of the housing assistance described in 
                paragraph (2) shall not be conditioned upon the 
                participation of the youth, adults, or their 
                dependents in any or all of the support 
                services offered them.
  (c) Duration.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        a minor, an adult, or a dependent, who receives 
        assistance under this section shall receive that 
        assistance for not more than 24 months.
          (2) Waiver.--The recipient of a grant under this 
        section may waive the restriction under paragraph (1) 
        for not more than an additional 6 month period with 
        respect to any minor, adult, or dependent, who--
                  (A) has made a good-faith effort to acquire 
                permanent housing; and
                  (B) has been unable to acquire permanent 
                housing.
  (d) Application.--
          (1) In general.--Each eligible entity desiring a 
        grant under this section shall submit an application to 
        the Attorney General at such time, in such manner, and 
        accompanied by such information as the Attorney General 
        may reasonably require.
          (2) Contents.--Each application submitted pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                  (A) describe the activities for which 
                assistance under this section is sought;
                  (B) provide assurances that any supportive 
                services offered to participants in programs 
                developed under subsection (b)(3) are voluntary 
                and that refusal to receive such services shall 
                not be grounds for termination from the program 
                or eviction from the victim's housing; and
                  (C) provide such additional assurances as the 
                Attorney General determines to be essential to 
                ensure compliance with the requirements of this 
                section.
          (3) Application.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed to require--
                  (A) victims to participate in the criminal 
                justice system in order to receive services; or
                  (B) domestic violence advocates to breach 
                client confidentiality.
  (e) Report to the Attorney General.--
          (1) In general.--A recipient of a grant under this 
        section shall annually prepare and submit to the 
        Attorney General a report describing--
                  (A) the number of minors, adults, and 
                dependents assisted under this section; and
                  (B) the types of housing assistance and 
                support services provided under this section.
          (2) Contents.--Each report prepared and submitted 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) shall include information 
        regarding--
                  (A) the purpose and amount of housing 
                assistance provided to each minor, adult, or 
                dependent, assisted under this section and the 
                reason for that assistance;
                  (B) the number of months each minor, adult, 
                or dependent, received assistance under this 
                section;
                  (C) the number of minors, adults, and 
                dependents who--
                          (i) were eligible to receive 
                        assistance under this section; and
                          (ii) were not provided with 
                        assistance under this section solely 
                        due to a lack of available housing;
                  (D) the type of support services provided to 
                each minor, adult, or dependent, assisted under 
                this section; and
                  (E) the client population served and the 
                number of individuals requesting services that 
                the transitional housing program is unable to 
                serve as a result of a lack of resources.
  (f) Report to Congress.--
          (1) Reporting requirement.--The Attorney General, 
        with the Director of the Violence Against Women Office, 
        shall prepare and submit to the Committee on the 
        Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate a report that 
        contains a compilation of the information contained in 
        the report submitted under subsection (e) of this 
        section not later than 1 month after the end of each 
        even-numbered fiscal year.
          (2) Availability of report.--In order to coordinate 
        efforts to assist the victims of domestic violence, the 
        Attorney General, in coordination with the Director of 
        the Violence Against Women Office, shall transmit a 
        copy of the report submitted under paragraph (1) to--
                  (A) the Office of Community Planning and 
                Development at the United States Department of 
                Housing and Urban Development; and
                  (B) the Office of Women's Health at the 
                United States Department of Health and Human 
                Services.
  (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this section $35,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 2020 through 
        2024.
          (2) Limitations.--Of the amount made available to 
        carry out this section in any fiscal year, up to [5 
        percent] 8 percent may be used by the Attorney General 
        for evaluation, monitoring, technical assistance, 
        salaries and administrative expenses.
          (3) Minimum amount.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), unless all qualified 
                applications submitted by any States, units of 
                local government, Indian tribes, or 
                organizations within a State for a grant under 
                this section have been funded, that State, 
                together with the grantees within the State 
                (other than Indian tribes), shall be allocated 
                in each fiscal year, not less than 0.75 percent 
                of the total amount appropriated in the fiscal 
                year for grants pursuant to this section.
                  (B) Exception.--The United States Virgin 
                Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern 
                Mariana Islands shall each be allocated not 
                less than 0.25 percent of the total amount 
                appropriated in the fiscal year for grants 
                pursuant to this section.
                  (C) Underserved populations.--
                          (i) Indian tribes.--
                                  (I) In general.--Not less 
                                than 10 percent of the total 
                                amount available under this 
                                section for each fiscal year 
                                shall be available for grants 
                                under the program authorized by 
                                section 2015 of the Omnibus 
                                Crime Control and Safe Streets 
                                Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-
                                10).
                                  (II) Applicability of part.--
                                The requirements of this 
                                section shall not apply to 
                                funds allocated for the program 
                                described in subclause (I).
                          (ii) Priority shall be given to 
                        projects developed under subsection (b) 
                        that primarily serve underserved 
                        populations.
                  (D) Qualified application defined.--In this 
                paragraph, the term ``qualified application'' 
                means an application that--
                          (i) has been submitted by an eligible 
                        applicant;
                          (ii) does not propose any activities 
                        that may compromise victim safety, 
                        including--
                                  (I) background checks of 
                                victims; or
                                  (II) clinical evaluations to 
                                determine eligibility for 
                                services;
                          (iii) reflects an understanding of 
                        the dynamics of domestic violence, 
                        dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking; and
                          (iv) does not propose prohibited 
                        activities, including mandatory 
                        services for victims.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Subtitle M--Strengthening America's Families by Preventing Violence 
Against Women and Children

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 41303. SAVING MONEY AND REDUCING TRAGEDIES THROUGH PREVENTION 
                    (SMART PREVENTION).

  (a) Grants Authorized.--The Attorney General, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the 
Secretary of Education, is authorized to award grants for the 
purpose of preventing domestic violence, dating violence, 
sexual assault, and stalking by taking a comprehensive approach 
that focuses on youth, children exposed to violence, and men as 
leaders and influencers of social norms.
  (b) Use of Funds.--Funds provided under this section may be 
used for the following purposes:
          (1) Teen dating violence awareness and prevention.--
        To develop, maintain, or enhance programs that change 
        attitudes and behaviors around the acceptability of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking and provide education and skills training to 
        young individuals and individuals who influence young 
        individuals. The prevention program may use evidence-
        based, evidence-informed, or innovative strategies and 
        practices focused on youth. Such a program should 
        include--
                  (A) age and developmentally-appropriate 
                education on domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, stalking, and sexual 
                coercion, as well as healthy relationship 
                skills, in school, in the community, or in 
                health care settings;
                  (B) community-based collaboration and 
                training for those with influence on youth, 
                such as parents, teachers, coaches, healthcare 
                providers, faith-leaders, older teens, and 
                mentors;
                  (C) education and outreach to change 
                environmental factors contributing to domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                stalking; [and]
                  (D) policy development targeted to 
                prevention, including school-based policies and 
                protocols[.]; and
                  (E) strategies within each of these areas 
                addressing the unmet needs of underserved 
                populations.
          (2) Children exposed to violence and abuse.--To 
        develop, maintain or enhance programs designed to 
        prevent future incidents of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking by preventing, 
        reducing and responding to children's exposure to 
        violence in the home. Such programs may include--
                  (A) providing services for children exposed 
                to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault or stalking, including direct 
                counseling or advocacy, and support for the 
                non-abusing parent; and
                  (B) training and coordination for 
                educational, after-school, and childcare 
                programs on how to safely and confidentially 
                identify children and families experiencing 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking and properly refer 
                children exposed and their families to services 
                and violence prevention programs.
          (3) Engaging men as leaders and role models.--To 
        develop, maintain or enhance programs that work with 
        men to prevent domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, and stalking by helping men to serve as 
        role models and social influencers of other men and 
        youth at the individual, school, community or statewide 
        levels.
  (c) Eligible Entities.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
under this section, an entity shall be--
          (1) a victim service provider, community-based 
        organization, tribe or tribal organization, or other 
        non-profit, nongovernmental organization that has a 
        history of effective work preventing domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking and 
        expertise in the specific area for which they are 
        applying for funds; or
          (2) a partnership between a victim service provider, 
        community-based organization, tribe or tribal 
        organization, or other non-profit, nongovernmental 
        organization that has a history of effective work 
        preventing domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking and at least one of the following 
        that has expertise in serving children exposed to 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking, youth domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking prevention, or engaging men 
        to prevent domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking:
                  (A) A public, charter, tribal, or nationally 
                accredited private middle or high school, a 
                school administered by the Department of 
                Defense under section 2164 of title 10, United 
                States Code or section 1402 of the Defense 
                Dependents' Education Act of 1978, a group of 
                schools, or a school district.
                  (B) A local community-based organization, 
                population-specific organization, or faith-
                based organization that has established 
                expertise in providing services to youth.
                  (C) A community-based organization, 
                population-specific organization, university or 
                health care clinic, faith-based organization, 
                or other non-profit, nongovernmental 
                organization with a demonstrated history of 
                effective work addressing the needs of children 
                exposed to domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, or stalking.
                  (D) A nonprofit, nongovernmental entity 
                providing services for runaway or homeless 
                youth affected by domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
                  (E) Healthcare entities eligible for 
                reimbursement under title XVIII of the Social 
                Security Act, including providers that target 
                the special needs of children and youth.
                  (F) Any other agencies, population-specific 
                organizations, or nonprofit, nongovernmental 
                organizations with the capacity to provide 
                necessary expertise to meet the goals of the 
                program; or
          (3) a public, charter, tribal, or nationally 
        accredited private middle or high school, a school 
        administered by the Department of Defense under section 
        2164 of title 10, United States Code or section 1402 of 
        the Defense Dependents' Education Act of 1978, a group 
        of schools, a school district, or an institution of 
        higher education.
  (d) Grantee Requirements.--
          (1) In general.--Applicants for grants under this 
        section shall prepare and submit to the Director an 
        application at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information as the Director may require 
        that demonstrates the capacity of the applicant and 
        partnering organizations to undertake the project.
          (2) Policies and procedures.--Applicants under this 
        section shall establish and implement policies, 
        practices, and procedures that--
                  (A) include appropriate referral systems to 
                direct any victim identified during program 
                activities to highly qualified follow-up care;
                  (B) protect the confidentiality and privacy 
                of adult and youth victim information, 
                particularly in the context of parental or 
                third party involvement and consent, mandatory 
                reporting duties, and working with other 
                service providers;
                  (C) ensure that all individuals providing 
                prevention programming through a program funded 
                under this section have completed or will 
                complete sufficient training in connection with 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault or stalking; and
                  (D) document how prevention programs are 
                coordinated with service programs in the 
                community.
          (3) Preference.--In selecting grant recipients under 
        this section, the Attorney General shall give 
        preference to applicants that--
                  (A) include outcome-based evaluation; [and]
                  (B) identify any other community, school, or 
                State-based efforts that are working on 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking prevention and explain how 
                the grantee or partnership will add value, 
                coordinate with other programs, and not 
                duplicate existing efforts[.]; and
                  (C) include a focus on the unmet needs of 
                underserved populations.
  (e) Definitions and Grant Conditions.--In this section, the 
definitions and grant conditions provided for in section 40002 
shall apply.
  (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out this section, [$15,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018] $45,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2020 through 2024. Amounts appropriated under this 
section may only be used for programs and activities described 
under this section.
  (g) Allotment.--
          (1) In general.--Not less than 25 percent of the 
        total amounts appropriated under this section in each 
        fiscal year shall be used for each set of purposes 
        described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection 
        (b).
          (2) Indian tribes.--Not less than 10 percent of the 
        total amounts appropriated under this section in each 
        fiscal year shall be made available for grants to 
        Indian tribes or tribal organizations. If an 
        insufficient number of applications are received from 
        Indian tribes or tribal organizations, such funds shall 
        be allotted to other population-specific programs.
          (3) Remaining amounts.--Any amounts not made 
        available under paragraphs (1) and (2) may be used for 
        any set of purposes described in paragraphs (1), (2), 
        or (3) of subsection (b), or for a project that 
        fulfills two or more of such sets of purposes.

    Subtitle N--Addressing the Housing Needs of Victims of Domestic 
        Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking

CHAPTER 1--GRANT PROGRAMS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 41404. COLLABORATIVE GRANTS TO INCREASE THE LONG-TERM STABILITY OF 
                    VICTIMS.

  (a) Grants Authorized.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services, acting through the Administration for 
        Children and Families, in partnership with the 
        Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, shall award 
        grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements for a 
        period of not less than 2 years to eligible entities to 
        develop long-term sustainability and self-sufficiency 
        options for adult and youth victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking 
        who are currently homeless or at risk for becoming 
        homeless.
          (2) Amount.--The Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services shall award funds in amounts--
                  (A) not less than $25,000 per year; and
                  (B) not more than $1,000,000 per year.
  (b) Eligible Entities.--To be eligible to receive funds under 
this section, an entity shall demonstrate that it is a 
coalition or partnership, applying jointly, that--
          (1) shall include a domestic violence victim service 
        provider;
          (2) shall include--
                  (A) a homeless service provider;
                  (B) a nonprofit, nongovernmental community 
                housing development organization or a 
                Department of Agriculture rural housing service 
                program; or
                  (C) in the absence of a homeless service 
                provider on tribal lands or nonprofit, 
                nongovernmental community housing development 
                organization on tribal lands, a tribally 
                designated housing entity or tribal housing 
                consortium;
          (3) may include a dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking victim service provider;
          (4) may include housing developers, housing 
        corporations, State housing finance agencies, other 
        housing agencies, and associations representing 
        landlords;
          (5) may include a public housing agency or tribally 
        designated housing entity;
          (6) may include tenant organizations in public or 
        tribally designated housing, as well as nonprofit, 
        nongovernmental tenant organizations;
          (7) may include other nonprofit, nongovernmental 
        organizations participating in the Department of 
        Housing and Urban Development's Continuum of Care 
        process;
          (8) may include a State, tribal, territorial, or 
        local government or government agency; and
          (9) may include any other agencies or nonprofit, 
        nongovernmental organizations with the capacity to 
        provide effective help to adult and youth victims of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking.
  (c) Application.--Each eligible entity seeking funds under 
this section shall submit an application to the Secretary of 
Health and Human Services at such time, in such manner, and 
containing such information as the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services may require.
  (d) Use of Funds.--
          Funds awarded to eligible entities under subsection 
        (a) shall be used to design or replicate and implement 
        new activities, services, and programs to increase the 
        stability and self-sufficiency of, and create 
        partnerships to develop long-term housing options for 
        adult and youth victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking, and their 
        dependents, who are currently homeless or at risk of 
        becoming homeless. Such activities, services, or 
        programs--
          (1) shall develop sustainable long-term living 
        solutions in the community by--
                  (A) coordinating efforts and resources among 
                the various groups and organizations comprised 
                in the entity to access existing private and 
                public funding;
                  (B) assisting with the placement of 
                individuals and families in long-term housing; 
                and
                  (C) providing services to help individuals or 
                families find and maintain long-term housing, 
                including financial assistance and support 
                services;
          (2) may develop partnerships with individuals, 
        organizations, corporations, or other entities that 
        provide capital costs for the purchase, 
        preconstruction, construction, renovation, repair, or 
        conversion of affordable housing units;
          (3) may use funds for the administrative expenses 
        related to the continuing operation, upkeep, 
        maintenance, and use of housing described in paragraph 
        (2); and
          (4) may provide to the community information about 
        housing and housing programs, and the process to locate 
        and obtain long-term housing.
  (e) Limitation.--Funds provided under paragraph (a) shall not 
be used for construction, modernization or renovation.
  (f) Underserved Populations and Priorities.--In awarding 
grants under this section, the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services shall--
          (1) give priority to linguistically and culturally 
        specific services;
          (2) give priority to applications from entities that 
        include a sexual assault service provider as described 
        in subsection (b)(3); and
          (3) award a minimum of 15 percent of the funds 
        appropriated under this section in any fiscal year to 
        tribal organizations.
  (g) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
          (1) Affordable housing.--The term ``affordable 
        housing'' means housing that complies with the 
        conditions set forth in section 215 of the Cranston-
        Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 
        12745).
          (2) Long-term housing.--The term ``long-term 
        housing'' means housing that is sustainable, 
        accessible, affordable, and safe for the foreseeable 
        future and is--
                  (A) rented or owned by the individual;
                  (B) subsidized by a voucher or other program 
                which is not time-limited and is available for 
                as long as the individual meets the eligibility 
                requirements for the voucher or program; or
                  (C) provided directly by a program, agency, 
                or organization and is not time-limited and is 
                available for as long as the individual meets 
                the eligibility requirements for the program, 
                agency, or organization.
  (h) Evaluation, Monitoring, Administration, and Technical 
Assistance.--For purposes of this section--
          (1) up to 5 percent of the funds appropriated under 
        subsection (i) for each fiscal year may be used by the 
        Secretary of Health and Human Services for evaluation, 
        monitoring, and administration costs under this 
        section; and
          (2) up to 8 percent of the funds appropriated under 
        subsection (i) for each fiscal year may be used to 
        provide technical assistance to grantees under this 
        section.
  (i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years [2014 
through 2018] 2020 through 2024 to carry out the provisions of 
this section.

SEC. 41405. GRANTS TO COMBAT VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN PUBLIC AND 
                    ASSISTED HOUSING.

  (a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to assist 
eligible grantees in responding appropriately to domestic 
violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking so that 
the status of being a victim of such a crime is not a reason 
for the denial or loss of housing. Such assistance shall be 
accomplished through--
          (1) education and training of eligible entities;
          (2) development and implementation of appropriate 
        housing policies and practices;
          (3) enhancement of collaboration with victim service 
        providers and tenant organizations; and
          (4) reduction of the number of victims of such crimes 
        who are evicted or denied housing because of crimes and 
        lease violations committed or directly caused by the 
        perpetrators of such crimes.
  (b) Grants Authorized.--
          (1) In general.--The Attorney General, acting through 
        [the Director of the Violence Against Women Office] the 
        Director of the Office on Violence Against Women of the 
        Department of Justice (``Director''), and in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Housing and Urban 
        Development (``Secretary''), and the Secretary of 
        Health and Human Services, acting through the 
        Administration for Children, Youth and Families 
        (``ACYF''), shall award grants and contracts for not 
        less than 2 years to eligible grantees to promote the 
        full and equal access to and use of housing by adult 
        and youth victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
          (2) Amounts.--Not less than 15 percent of the funds 
        appropriated to carry out this section shall be 
        available for grants to tribally designated housing 
        entities.
          (3) Award basis.--The Attorney General shall award 
        grants and contracts under this section on a 
        competitive basis.
          (4) Limitation.--Appropriated funds may only be used 
        for the purposes described in subsection (f).
  (c) Eligible Grantees.--
          (1) In general.--Eligible grantees are--
                  (A) public housing agencies;
                  (B) principally managed public housing 
                resident management corporations, as determined 
                by the Secretary;
                  (C) public housing projects owned by public 
                housing agencies;
                  (D) tribally designated housing entities; and
                  (E) private, for-profit, and nonprofit owners 
                or managers of assisted housing.
          (2) Submission required for all grantees.--To receive 
        assistance under this section, an eligible grantee 
        shall certify that--
                  (A) its policies and practices do not 
                prohibit or limit a resident's right to summon 
                police or other emergency assistance in 
                response to domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, or stalking;
                  (B) programs and services are developed that 
                give a preference in admission to adult and 
                youth victims of such violence, consistent with 
                local housing needs, and applicable law and the 
                Secretary's instructions;
                  (C) it does not discriminate against any 
                person--
                          (i) because that person is or is 
                        perceived to be, or has a family or 
                        household member who is or is perceived 
                        to be, a victim of such violence; or
                          (ii) because of the actions or 
                        threatened actions of the individual 
                        who the victim, as certified in 
                        subsection (e), states has committed or 
                        threatened to commit acts of such 
                        violence against the victim, or against 
                        the victim's family or household 
                        member;
                  (D) plans are developed that establish 
                meaningful consultation and coordination with 
                local victim service providers, tenant 
                organizations, linguistically and culturally 
                specific service providers, population-specific 
                organizations, State domestic violence and 
                sexual assault coalitions, and, where they 
                exist, tribal domestic violence and sexual 
                assault coalitions; and
                  (E) its policies and practices will be in 
                compliance with those described in this 
                paragraph within the later of 1 year or a 
                period selected by the Attorney General in 
                consultation with the Secretary and ACYF.
  (d) Application.--Each eligible entity seeking a grant under 
this section shall submit an application to the Attorney 
General at such a time, in such a manner, and containing such 
information as the Attorney General may require.
  (e) Certification.--
          (1) In general.--A public housing agency, tribally 
        designated housing entity, or assisted housing provider 
        receiving funds under this section may request that an 
        individual claiming relief under this section certify 
        that the individual is a victim of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking. The 
        individual shall provide a copy of such certification 
        to the public housing agency, tribally designated 
        housing entity, or assisted housing provider within a 
        reasonable period of time after the agency or authority 
        requests such certification.
          (2) Contents.--An individual may satisfy the 
        certification requirement of paragraph (1) by--
                  (A) providing the public housing agency, 
                tribally designated housing entity, or assisted 
                housing provider with documentation, signed by 
                an employee, agent, or volunteer of a victim 
                service provider, an attorney, a member of the 
                clergy, a medical professional, or any other 
                professional from whom the victim has sought 
                assistance in addressing domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, 
                or the effects of abuse; or
                  (B) producing a Federal, State, tribal, 
                territorial, or local police or court record.
          (3) Limitation.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed to require any housing agency, assisted 
        housing provider, tribally designated housing entity, 
        owner, or manager to demand that an individual produce 
        official documentation or physical proof of the 
        individual's status as a victim of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, in order 
        to receive any of the benefits provided in this 
        section. A housing agency, assisted housing provider, 
        tribally designated housing entity, owner, or manager 
        may provide benefits to an individual based solely on 
        the individual's statement or other corroborating 
        evidence.
          (4) Confidentiality.--
                  (A) In general.--All information provided to 
                any housing agency, assisted housing provider, 
                tribally designated housing entity, owner, or 
                manager pursuant to paragraph (1), including 
                the fact that an individual is a victim of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking, shall be retained in 
                confidence by such agency, and shall neither be 
                entered into any shared database, nor provided 
                to any related housing agency, assisted housing 
                provider, tribally designated housing entity, 
                owner, or manager, except to the extent that 
                disclosure is--
                          (i) requested or consented to by the 
                        individual in writing; or
                          (ii) otherwise required by applicable 
                        law.
                  (B) Notification.--Public housing agencies 
                must provide notice to tenants of their rights 
                under this section, including their right to 
                confidentiality and the limits thereof, and to 
                owners and managers of their rights and 
                obligations under this section.
  (f) Use of Funds.--Grants and contracts awarded pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall provide to eligible entities personnel, 
training, and technical assistance to develop and implement 
policies, practices, and procedures, making physical 
improvements or changes, and developing or enhancing 
collaborations for the purposes of--
          (1) enabling victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking with otherwise 
        disqualifying rental, credit, or criminal histories to 
        be eligible to obtain housing or housing assistance, if 
        such victims would otherwise qualify for housing or 
        housing assistance and can provide documented evidence 
        that demonstrates the causal connection between such 
        violence or abuse and the victims' negative histories;
          (2) permitting applicants for housing or housing 
        assistance to provide incomplete rental and employment 
        histories, otherwise required as a condition of 
        admission or assistance, if the victim believes that 
        providing such rental and employment history would 
        endanger the victim's or the victim children's safety;
          (3) protecting victims' confidentiality, including 
        protection of victims' personally identifying 
        information, address, or rental history;
          (4) assisting victims who need to leave a public 
        housing, tribally designated housing, or assisted 
        housing unit quickly to protect their safety, including 
        those who are seeking transfer to a new public housing 
        unit, tribally designated housing unit, or assisted 
        housing unit, whether in the same or a different 
        neighborhood or jurisdiction;
          (5) enabling the public housing agency, tribally 
        designated housing entity, or assisted housing 
        provider, or the victim, to remove, consistent with 
        applicable State law, the perpetrator of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
        without evicting, removing, or otherwise penalizing the 
        victim;
          (6) enabling the public housing agency, tribally 
        designated housing entity, or assisted housing 
        provider, when notified, to honor court orders 
        addressing rights of access to or control of the 
        property, including civil protection orders issued to 
        protect the victim and issued to address the 
        distribution or possession of property among the 
        household members in cases where a family breaks up;
          (7) developing and implementing more effective 
        security policies, protocols, and services;
          (8) allotting not more than 15 percent of funds 
        awarded under the grant to make modest physical 
        improvements to enhance safety;
          (9) training personnel to more effectively identify 
        and respond to victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking; and
          (10) effectively providing notice to applicants and 
        residents of the above housing policies, practices, and 
        procedures.
  (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years [2014 
through 2018] 2020 through 2024 to carry out the provisions of 
this section.
  (h) Technical Assistance.--Up to 12 percent of the amount 
appropriated under subsection (g) for each fiscal year shall be 
used by the Attorney General for technical assistance costs 
under this section.

                       CHAPTER 2--HOUSING RIGHTS

SEC. 41411. HOUSING PROTECTIONS FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, 
                    DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING.

  (a) Definitions.--In this chapter:
          (1) Affiliated individual.--The term ``affiliated 
        individual'' means, with respect to an individual--
                  (A) a spouse, parent, [brother, sister,] 
                sibling, or child of that individual, or an 
                individual to whom that individual stands in 
                loco parentis; or
                  (B) any individual, tenant, or lawful 
                occupant living in the household of that 
                individual.
          (2) Appropriate agency.--The term ``appropriate 
        agency'' means, with respect to a covered housing 
        program, the Executive department (as defined in 
        section 101 of title 5, United States Code) that 
        carries out the covered housing program.
          (3) Covered housing program.--The term ``covered 
        housing program'' means--
                  (A) the program under section 202 of the 
                Housing Act of 1959 (12 U.S.C. 1701q) including 
                the direct loan program under such section;
                  (B) the program under section 811 of the 
                Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 8013);
                  (C) the program under subtitle D of title 
                VIII of the Cranston-Gonzalez National 
                Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12901 et 
                seq.);
                  (D) [the program under subtitle A] the 
                programs under subtitles A through D of title 
                IV of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 11360 et seq.);
                  (E) the program under subtitle A of title II 
                of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable 
                Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12741 et seq.);
                  (F) the program under paragraph (3) of 
                section 221(d) of the National Housing Act (12 
                U.S.C. 1715l(d)) that bears interest at a rate 
                determined under the proviso under paragraph 
                (5) of such section 221(d);
                  (G) the program under section 236 of the 
                National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1715z-1);
                  (H) the programs under sections 6 and 8 of 
                the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 
                U.S.C. 1437d and 1437f);
                  (I) rural housing assistance provided under 
                sections 514, 515, 516, 533, 542, and 538 of 
                the Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1484, 1485, 
                1486, 1490m, and 1490p-2); [and]
                  (J) the low income housing tax credit program 
                under section 42 of the Internal Revenue Code 
                of 1986[.];
                  (K) the provision of assistance from the 
                Housing Trust Fund as established under section 
                1338 of the Federal Housing Enterprises 
                Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 (12 
                U.S.C. 4501);
                  (L) the provision of assistance for housing 
                under the Comprehensive Service Programs for 
                Homeless Veterans program under subchapter II 
                of chapter 20 of title 38, United States Code 
                (38 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.);
                  (M) the provision of assistance for housing 
                and facilities under the grant program for 
                homeless veterans with special needs under 
                section 2061 of title 38, United States Code;
                  (N) the provision of assistance for permanent 
                housing under the program for financial 
                assistance for supportive services for very 
                low-income veteran families in permanent 
                housing under section 2044 of title 38, United 
                States Code; and
                  (O) any other Federal housing programs 
                providing affordable housing to low-income 
                persons by means of restricted rents or rental 
                assistance as identified by the appropriate 
                agency.
          (4) Covered housing provider.--The term ``covered 
        housing provider'' refers to the individual or entity 
        under a covered housing program that has responsibility 
        for the administration or oversight of housing assisted 
        under a covered housing program and includes public 
        housing agencies, sponsors, owners, mortgagors, 
        managers, Continuums of Care, State and local 
        governments or agencies thereof, and nonprofit or for-
        profit organizations or entities.
          (5) Continuum of care.--The term ``Continuum of 
        Care'' means an entity receiving a grant under subtitle 
        C of title IV of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 11381 et seq.).
          (6) Internal transfer.--The term ``internal 
        transfer'' means a transfer to a unit of the same 
        covered housing provider and under the same covered 
        housing program except for programs under McKinney-
        Vento Homeless Assistance Act.
          (7) External transfer.--The term ``external 
        transfer'' means a transfer to a unit of a different 
        covered housing provider under any covered housing 
        program.
  (b) Prohibited Basis for Denial or Termination of Assistance 
or Eviction.--
          (1) In general.--An applicant for or tenant of 
        housing assisted under a covered housing program may 
        not be denied admission to, denied assistance under, 
        terminated from participation in, or evicted from the 
        housing on the basis that the applicant or tenant is or 
        has been a victim of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking, if the applicant 
        or tenant otherwise qualifies for admission, 
        assistance, participation, or occupancy.
          (2) Construction of lease terms.--An incident of 
        actual or threatened domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking shall not be 
        construed as--
                  (A) a serious or repeated violation of a 
                lease for housing assisted under a covered 
                housing program by the victim or threatened 
                victim of such incident; or
                  (B) good cause for terminating the 
                assistance, tenancy, or occupancy rights to 
                housing assisted under a covered housing 
                program of the victim or threatened victim of 
                such incident.
          (3) Termination on the basis of criminal activity and 
        family break-up.--
                  [(A) Denial of assistance, tenancy, and 
                occupancy rights prohibited.--No person may 
                deny assistance, tenancy, or occupancy rights 
                to housing assisted under a covered housing 
                program to a tenant solely on the basis of 
                criminal activity directly relating to domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking that is engaged in by a member of the 
                household of the tenant or any guest or other 
                person under the control of the tenant, if the 
                tenant or an affiliated individual of the 
                tenant is the victim or threatened victim of 
                such domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking.]
                  (A) Denial of assistance, tenancy, and 
                occupancy rights prohibited.--
                          (i) In general.--A tenant shall not 
                        be denied assistance, tenancy, or 
                        occupancy rights to housing assisted 
                        under a covered housing program solely 
                        on the basis of criminal activity 
                        directly relating to domestic violence, 
                        dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking that is engaged in by a member 
                        of the household of the tenant or any 
                        guest or other person under the control 
                        of the tenant, if the tenant or an 
                        affiliated individual of the tenant is 
                        the victim or threatened victim of such 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking.
                          (ii) Criminal activity engaged in by 
                        perpetrator of abuse.--A tenant shall 
                        not be denied assistance, tenancy, or 
                        occupancy rights to housing assisted 
                        under a covered housing program solely 
                        on the basis of criminal activity, 
                        including drug-related criminal 
                        activity (as such term is defined 
                        section 3(b)(9) of the United States 
                        Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
                        1437a(b)(9)), engaged in by the 
                        perpetrator of the domestic violence, 
                        dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking.
                          (iii) Review prior to denial of 
                        assistance.--Prior to denying 
                        assistance, tenancy, or occupancy 
                        rights to housing assisted under a 
                        covered housing program to a tenant on 
                        the basis of criminal activity of the 
                        tenant, including drug-related criminal 
                        activity, the covered housing provider 
                        must conduct an individualized review 
                        of the totality of the circumstances 
                        regarding the criminal activity at 
                        issue if the tenant is a victim of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking. Such 
                        review shall include consideration of--
                                  (I) the nature and severity 
                                of the criminal activity;
                                  (II) the amount of time that 
                                has elapsed since the 
                                occurrence of the criminal 
                                activity;
                                  (III) if the tenant engaged 
                                in more than one instance of 
                                criminal activity, the 
                                frequency and duration of the 
                                criminal activity;
                                  (IV) whether the criminal 
                                activity was related to a 
                                symptom of a disability, 
                                including a substance use 
                                disorder;
                                  (V) whether the victim was 
                                coerced by the perpetrator of 
                                domestic violence, dating 
                                violence, sexual assault, or 
                                stalking;
                                  (VI) whether the victim has 
                                taken affirmative steps to 
                                reduce the likelihood that the 
                                criminal activity will recur; 
                                and
                                  (VII) any mitigating factors.
                        The covered housing program must 
                        provide the tenant with a written 
                        summary of its review and the tenant 
                        shall have the opportunity to invoke 
                        the covered housing program's grievance 
                        policy to dispute the findings.
                  (B)  [Bifurcation] Family break-up.--
                          (i) In general.--If a family break-up 
                        results from an occurrence of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking, and the 
                        perpetrator no longer resides in the 
                        unit and was the sole tenant eligible 
                        to receive assistance under a covered 
                        housing program, the covered housing 
                        provider shall--
                                  (I) provide any other tenant 
                                or resident the opportunity to 
                                establish eligibility for the 
                                covered housing program; or
                                  (II) provide that tenant or 
                                resident with at least 180 days 
                                to remain in the unit under the 
                                same terms and conditions as 
                                the perpetrator and find new 
                                housing or establish 
                                eligibility for another covered 
                                housing program.
                          [(i) In general.--] (ii) Eviction._ 
                        ._Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), a 
                        public housing agency, participating 
                        jurisdictions, Continuums of Care, 
                        grantees, or owner or manager of 
                        housing assisted under a covered 
                        housing program may bifurcate a lease 
                        for the housing in order to evict, 
                        remove, or terminate assistance to any 
                        individual who is a tenant or lawful 
                        occupant of the housing and who engages 
                        in criminal activity directly relating 
                        to domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking against an 
                        affiliated individual or other 
                        individual, without evicting, removing, 
                        terminating assistance to, or otherwise 
                        penalizing a victim of such criminal 
                        activity who is also a tenant or lawful 
                        occupant of the housing.
                          [(ii) Effect of eviction on other 
                        tenants.--If public housing agency or 
                        owner or manager of housing assisted 
                        under a covered housing program evicts, 
                        removes, or terminates assistance to an 
                        individual under clause (i), and the 
                        individual is the sole tenant eligible 
                        to receive assistance under a covered 
                        housing program, the public housing 
                        agency or owner or manager of housing 
                        assisted under the covered housing 
                        program shall provide any remaining 
                        tenant or resident an opportunity to 
                        establish eligibility for the covered 
                        housing program. If a tenant or 
                        resident described in the preceding 
                        sentence cannot establish eligibility, 
                        the public housing agency or owner or 
                        manager of the housing shall provide 
                        the tenant or resident a reasonable 
                        time, as determined by the appropriate 
                        agency, to find new housing or to 
                        establish eligibility for housing under 
                        another covered housing program.]
                  (C) Rules of construction.--Nothing in 
                subparagraph (A) shall be construed--
                          (i) to limit the authority of a 
                        public housing agency or owner or 
                        manager of housing assisted under a 
                        covered housing program, when notified 
                        of a court order, to comply with a 
                        court order with respect to--
                                  (I) the rights of access to 
                                or control of property, 
                                including civil protection 
                                orders issued to protect a 
                                victim of domestic violence, 
                                dating violence, sexual 
                                assault, or stalking; or
                                  (II) the distribution or 
                                possession of property among 
                                members of a household in a 
                                case;
                          (ii) to limit any otherwise available 
                        authority of a public housing agency or 
                        owner or manager of housing assisted 
                        under a covered housing program to 
                        evict or terminate assistance to a 
                        tenant for any violation of a lease not 
                        premised on the act of violence in 
                        question against the tenant or an 
                        affiliated person of the tenant, if the 
                        public housing agency or owner or 
                        manager does not subject an individual 
                        who is or has been a victim of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, or stalking 
                        to a more demanding standard than other 
                        tenants in determining whether to evict 
                        or terminate;
                          (iii) to limit the authority to 
                        terminate assistance to a tenant or 
                        evict a tenant from housing assisted 
                        under a covered housing program if a 
                        public housing agency or owner or 
                        manager of the housing can demonstrate 
                        that an actual and imminent threat to 
                        other tenants or individuals employed 
                        at or providing service to the property 
                        would be present if the assistance is 
                        not terminated or the tenant is not 
                        evicted; [or]
                          (iv) to supersede any provision of 
                        any Federal, State, or local law that 
                        provides greater protection than this 
                        section for victims of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking[.]; or
                          (v) to limit any right, remedy, or 
                        procedure otherwise available under the 
                        Violence Against Women Reauthorization 
                        Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-162, 119 
                        Stat. 2960) prior to the date of 
                        enactment of the Violence Against Women 
                        Reauthorization Act of 2019.
                  (D) Early termination.--A covered housing 
                provider shall permit a tenant assisted under 
                the covered housing program to terminate the 
                lease at any time prior to the end date of the 
                lease, without penalty, if the tenant has been 
                a victim of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, or stalking and the tenant--
                          (i) sends notice of the early lease 
                        termination to the landlord in writing 
                        prior to or within 3 days of vacating 
                        the premises unless a shorter notice 
                        period is provided for under State law;
                          (ii)(I) reasonably believes that the 
                        tenant is threatened with imminent harm 
                        if the tenant remains within the same 
                        dwelling unit subject to the lease; or
                          (II) is a victim of sexual assault, 
                        the sexual assault occurred on the 
                        premises during the 180-day period 
                        preceding the request for lease 
                        termination; and
                          (iii) provides a form of 
                        documentation consistent with the 
                        requirements outlined in subsection 
                        (c)(3).
                Nothing in this subparagraph may be construed 
                to preclude any automatic termination of a 
                lease by operation of law.
  (c) Documentation.--
          (1) Request for documentation.--If an applicant for, 
        or tenant of, housing assisted under a covered housing 
        program represents to a public housing agency or owner 
        or manager of the housing that the individual is 
        entitled to protection under subsection (b), the public 
        housing agency or owner or manager may request, in 
        writing, that the applicant or tenant submit to the 
        public housing agency or owner or manager a form of 
        documentation described in paragraph (3).
          (2) Failure to provide certification.--
                  (A) In general.--If an applicant or tenant 
                does not provide the documentation requested 
                under paragraph (1) within 14 business days 
                after the tenant receives a request in writing 
                for such certification from a public housing 
                agency or owner or manager of housing assisted 
                under a covered housing program, nothing in 
                this chapter may be construed to limit the 
                authority of the public housing agency or owner 
                or manager to--
                          (i) deny admission by the applicant 
                        or tenant to the covered program;
                          (ii) deny assistance under the 
                        covered program to the applicant or 
                        tenant;
                          (iii) terminate the participation of 
                        the applicant or tenant in the covered 
                        program; or
                          (iv) evict the applicant, the tenant, 
                        or a lawful occupant that commits 
                        violations of a lease.
                  (B) Extension.--A public housing agency or 
                owner or manager of housing may extend the 14-
                day deadline under subparagraph (A) at its 
                discretion.
          (3) Form of documentation.--A form of documentation 
        described in this paragraph is--
                  (A) a certification form approved by the 
                appropriate agency that--
                          (i) states that an applicant or 
                        tenant is a victim of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking;
                          (ii) states that the incident of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking that is the 
                        ground for protection under subsection 
                        (b) meets the requirements under 
                        subsection (b); and
                          (iii) includes the name of the 
                        individual who committed the domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking, if the name is 
                        known and safe to provide;
                  (B) a document that--
                          (i) is signed by--
                                  (I) an employee, agent, or 
                                volunteer of a victim service 
                                provider, an attorney, a 
                                medical professional, or a 
                                mental health professional from 
                                whom an applicant or tenant has 
                                sought assistance relating to 
                                domestic violence, dating 
                                violence, sexual assault, or 
                                stalking, or the effects of the 
                                abuse; and
                                  (II) the applicant or tenant; 
                                and
                          (ii) states under penalty of perjury 
                        that the individual described in clause 
                        (i)(I) believes that the incident of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking that is the 
                        ground for protection under subsection 
                        (b) meets the requirements under 
                        subsection (b);
                  (C) a record of a Federal, State, tribal, 
                territorial, or local law enforcement agency, 
                court, or administrative agency; or
                  (D) at the discretion of a public housing 
                agency or owner or manager of housing assisted 
                under a covered housing program, a statement or 
                other evidence provided by an applicant or 
                tenant.
          (4) Confidentiality.--[Any information submitted to a 
        public housing agency or owner or manager] Covered 
        housing providers shall ensure any information 
        submitted under this subsection, including the fact 
        that an individual is a victim of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking shall be 
        maintained in confidence by the public housing agency 
        or owner or manager of housing assisted under a covered 
        housing program and may not be entered into any shared 
        database or disclosed to any other entity or 
        individual, except to the extent that the disclosure 
        is--
                  (A) requested or consented to by the 
                individual in writing;
                  (B) required for use in an eviction 
                proceeding under subsection (b); or
                  (C) otherwise required by applicable law.
          (5) Documentation not required.--Nothing in this 
        subsection shall be construed to require a public 
        housing agency or owner or manager of housing assisted 
        under a covered housing program to request that an 
        individual submit documentation of the status of the 
        individual as a victim of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
          (6) Compliance not sufficient to constitute evidence 
        of unreasonable act.--Compliance with subsection (b) by 
        a public housing agency or owner or manager of housing 
        assisted under a covered housing program based on 
        documentation received under this subsection, shall not 
        be sufficient to constitute evidence of an unreasonable 
        act or omission by the public housing agency or owner 
        or manager or an employee or agent of the public 
        housing agency or owner or manager. Nothing in this 
        paragraph shall be construed to limit the liability of 
        a public housing agency or owner or manager of housing 
        assisted under a covered housing program for failure to 
        comply with subsection (b).
          (7) Response to conflicting certification.--If a 
        public housing agency or owner or manager of housing 
        assisted under a covered housing program receives 
        documentation under this subsection that contains 
        conflicting information, the public housing agency or 
        owner or manager may require an applicant or tenant to 
        submit third-party documentation, as described in 
        subparagraph (B), (C), or (D) of paragraph (3).
          (8) Preemption.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed to supersede any provision of any Federal, 
        State, or local law that provides greater protection 
        than this subsection for victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
  (d) Notification.--
          (1) Development.--The Secretary of Housing and Urban 
        Development shall develop a notice of the rights of 
        individuals under this section, including the right to 
        confidentiality and the limits thereof.
          (2) Provision.--Each public housing agency or owner 
        or manager of housing assisted under a covered housing 
        program shall provide the notice developed under 
        paragraph (1), together with the form described in 
        subsection (c)(3)(A), to an applicant for or tenants of 
        housing assisted under a covered housing program--
                  (A) at the time the applicant is denied 
                residency in a dwelling unit assisted under the 
                covered housing program;
                  (B) at the time the individual is admitted to 
                a dwelling unit assisted under the covered 
                housing program;
                  (C) with any notification of eviction or 
                notification of termination of assistance; and
                  (D) in multiple languages, consistent with 
                guidance issued by the Secretary of Housing and 
                Urban Development in accordance with Executive 
                Order 13166 (42 U.S.C. 2000d-1 note; relating 
                to access to services for persons with limited 
                English proficiency).
  [(e) Emergency Transfers.--Each appropriate agency shall 
adopt a model emergency transfer plan for use by public housing 
agencies and owners or managers of housing assisted under 
covered housing programs that--
          [(1) allows tenants who are victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
        to transfer to another available and safe dwelling unit 
        assisted under a covered housing program if--
                  [(A) the tenant expressly requests the 
                transfer; and
                  [(B)(i) the tenant reasonably believes that 
                the tenant is threatened with imminent harm 
                from further violence if the tenant remains 
                within the same dwelling unit assisted under a 
                covered housing program; or
                  [(ii) in the case of a tenant who is a victim 
                of sexual assault, the sexual assault occurred 
                on the premises during the 90 day period 
                preceding the request for transfer; and
          [(2) incorporates reasonable confidentiality measures 
        to ensure that the public housing agency or owner or 
        manager does not disclose the location of the dwelling 
        unit of a tenant to a person that commits an act of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking against the tenant.]
  (e) Emergency Transfers.--
          (1) In general.--Tenants who are victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
        shall be transferred to another available and safe 
        dwelling unit assisted under a covered housing program 
        if--
                  (A) the tenant expressly requests the 
                transfer from the covered housing provider; and
                  (B)(i) the tenant reasonably believes that 
                the tenant is threatened with imminent harm 
                from further violence if the tenant remains 
                within the same dwelling unit assisted under a 
                covered housing program; or
                  (ii) in the case of a tenant who is a victim 
                of sexual assault, the sexual assault occurred 
                on the premises during the 180 day period 
                preceding the request for transfer.
                A tenant who is not in good standing retains 
                the right to an emergency transfer if they meet 
                the eligibility requirements in this section 
                and the eligibility requirements of the program 
                to which the tenant intends to transfer.
          (2) Policies.--Each appropriate agency shall adopt an 
        emergency transfer policy to be overseen by the 
        Department for Housing and Urban Development for use by 
        the covered housing programs within the jurisdiction of 
        a regional office of the Department. Such emergency 
        transfer policies shall reflect the variations in 
        program operation and administration by covered housing 
        program type. The policies must, at a minimum--
                  (A) describe a process to permit tenants who 
                are victims of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking an 
                internal transfer to another available and safe 
                dwelling unit assisted under the same covered 
                housing program;
                  (B) describe a process to permit tenants who 
                are victims of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking to 
                complete an emergency external transfer to 
                another available and safe dwelling unit of a 
                covered housing provider;
                  (C) mandate that emergency internal and 
                external transfers take priority over non-
                emergency transfers;
                  (D) mandate that emergency internal and 
                external transfers take priority over existing 
                waiting lists for a covered housing program;
                  (E) ensure a victim of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking is 
                transferred into a comparable covered housing 
                program if available;
                  (F) incorporate confidentiality measures to 
                ensure that the appropriate regional office of 
                the Department of Housing and Urban Development 
                (hereinafter in this section referred to as a 
                ``HUD regional office'') and the covered 
                housing provider do not disclose any 
                information regarding a tenant who is victim of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking, including the location of 
                a new dwelling unit to any person or entity 
                without the written authorization of the 
                tenant; and
                  (G) mandate a uniform policy for how a victim 
                of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking requests an emergency 
                internal or external transfer.
          (3) Regional offices.--Each HUD regional office shall 
        develop and implement an external emergency transfer 
        plan for all covered housing providers within the 
        regional office's jurisdictional reach. HUD regional 
        offices shall develop and implement such plans in 
        collaboration with the local Continua of Care and shall 
        defer to emergency transfer priorities and strategies 
        set by local Continua of Care. In addition to 
        reflecting the policies of the appropriate agencies as 
        defined by paragraph (2), the plan shall, at a 
        minimum--
                  (A) set forth policies and procedures to 
                identify an emergency external transfer a 
                comparable covered housing program, if 
                available, within 30 days of an approved 
                request; and
                  (B) set forth policies and procedures for the 
                local Continua of Care to--
                          (i) coordinate emergency external 
                        transfers among all covered housing 
                        providers participating in the 
                        Continuum of Care;
                          (ii) coordinate emergency transfers 
                        with Continua of Care in other 
                        jurisdictions in cases where the victim 
                        requests an out-of-jurisdiction 
                        transfer; and
                          (iii) ensure a victim is not required 
                        to be reassessed through the local 
                        Continuum of Care intake process when 
                        seeking an emergency transfer 
                        placement.
          (4) Covered housing providers.--Each covered housing 
        provider shall--
                  (A) provide a victim of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
                residing in a dwelling unit assisted under a 
                covered housing program an internal transfer to 
                another safe dwelling unit assisted under the 
                same covered housing program, if available, not 
                later than 10 days after an approved request 
                for an emergency transfer;
                  (B) if an internal transfer described under 
                subparagraph (A) is unavailable or if the 
                victim of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, or stalking determines that a 
                dwelling unit provided by an internal transfer 
                described under subparagraph (A), contact the 
                regional office of the appropriate agency 
                within 10 days of an approved request for an 
                emergency transfer for an external emergency 
                transfer under paragraph (3); and
                  (C) allow a victim of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking to 
                temporarily relocate, and maintain eligibility 
                for the covered housing program without the 
                loss of their housing status, to housing not 
                eligible for assistance under a covered housing 
                program or to housing assisted under another 
                covered housing program if there are no 
                alternative comparable housing program units 
                available until a safe internal or external 
                housing unit under the covered housing program 
                is available.
  (f) Policies and Procedures for Emergency Transfer.--The 
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall establish 
policies and procedures under which a victim requesting an 
emergency transfer under subsection (e) may receive, subject to 
the availability of tenant protection vouchers, assistance 
under section 8(o) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 
U.S.C. 1437f(o)). The Secretary shall establish these policies 
and procedures within 60 days after passage of the Violence 
Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019.
  (g) Emergency Transfer Vouchers.--Provision of emergency 
transfer vouchers to victims of domestic violence, dating 
violence, sexual assault, or stalking under subsection (e), 
shall be considered an eligible use of any funding for tenant 
protection voucher assistance available under section 8(o) of 
the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(o)).
  (h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out emergency transfers under this 
section, $20,000,000 under section 8(o) of the United States 
Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(o)) for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.
  (i) Implementation.--
          (1) Training for staff of covered housing programs.--
        The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, in 
        partnership with domestic violence experts, shall 
        develop mandatory training for staff of covered housing 
        providers to provide a basic understanding of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking, and to facilitate implementation of this 
        section. All staff of covered housing providers shall 
        attend the basic understanding training once annually; 
        and all staff and managers engaged in tenant services 
        shall attend both the basic understanding training and 
        the implementation training once annually.
          (2) Referrals.--The appropriate agency with respect 
        to each covered housing program shall supply all 
        appropriate staff of the covered housing providers with 
        a referral listing of public contact information for 
        all domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        and stalking service providers offering services in its 
        coverage area.
          (3) Implementation.--The appropriate agency with 
        respect to each covered housing program shall implement 
        this section, as this section applies to the covered 
        housing program.
  [(g)] (j) Implementation.--The appropriate agency with 
respect to each covered housing program shall implement this 
section, as this section applies to the covered housing 
program.

SEC. 41412. COMPLIANCE REVIEWS.

  (a) Annual Compliance Reviews.--Each appropriate agency 
administering a covered housing program shall establish a 
process by which to review compliance with the requirements of 
this subtitle, on an annual basis, of the covered housing 
providers administered by that agency. Such a review shall 
examine the following topics:
          (1) Covered housing provider compliance with 
        requirements prohibiting the denial of assistance, 
        tenancy, or occupancy rights on the basis of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
          (2) Covered housing provider compliance with 
        confidentiality provisions set forth in section 
        41411(c)(4).
          (3) Covered housing provider compliance with the 
        notification requirements set forth in section 
        41411(d)(2).
          (4) Covered housing provider compliance with 
        accepting documentation set forth in section 41411(c).
          (5) Covered housing provider compliance with 
        emergency transfer requirements set forth in section 
        41411(e).
          (6) Covered housing provider compliance with the 
        prohibition on retaliation set forth in section 41414.
  (b) Regulations.--Each appropriate agency shall issue 
regulations to implement subsection (a) not later than one year 
after the effective date of the Violence Against Women 
Reauthorization Act of 2019. These regulations shall--
          (1) define standards of compliance for covered 
        housing providers;
          (2) include detailed reporting requirements, 
        including the number of emergency transfers requested 
        and granted, as well as the length of time needed to 
        process emergency transfers, disaggregated by external 
        and internal transfers; and
          (3) include standards for corrective action plans 
        where a covered housing provider has failed to meet 
        compliance standards.
  (c) Public Disclosure.--Each appropriate agency shall ensure 
that an agency-level assessment of the information collected 
during the compliance review process completed pursuant to this 
subsection is made publicly available. This agency-level 
assessment shall include an evaluation of each topic identified 
in subsection (a).
  (d) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
          (1) to limit any claim filed or other proceeding 
        commenced, by the date of enactment of the Violence 
        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019, with regard 
        to any right, remedy, or procedure otherwise available 
        under the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 
        2005 (Public Law 109-162, 119 Stat. 2960), as in effect 
        on the day prior to such date of enactment; or
          (2) to supersede any provision of any Federal, State, 
        or local law that provides greater protection than this 
        subsection for victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking.

SEC. 41413. DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT VIOLENCE 
                    AGAINST WOMEN DIRECTOR.

  (a) Establishment.--There shall be, within the Office of the 
Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, a 
Violence Against Women Director (in this section referred to as 
the ``Director'').
  (b) Duties.--The Director shall--
          (1) support implementation of the provisions of this 
        subtitle;
          (2) coordinate development of Federal regulations, 
        policy, protocols, and guidelines on matters relating 
        to the implementation of this subtitle, at each agency 
        administering a covered housing program;
          (3) advise and coordinate with designated officials 
        within the United States Interagency Council on 
        Homelessness, the Department of Housing and Urban 
        Development, the Department of the Treasury, the 
        Department of Agriculture, the Department of Health and 
        Human Services, Department of Veterans Affairs, and the 
        Department of Justice concerning legislation, 
        implementation, and other issues relating to or 
        affecting the housing provisions under this subtitle;
          (4) provide technical assistance, coordination, and 
        support to each appropriate agency regarding advancing 
        housing protections and access to housing for victims 
        of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        and stalking, including compliance with this subtitle;
          (5) ensure that adequate technical assistance is made 
        available to covered housing providers regarding 
        implementation of this subtitle, as well as other 
        issues related to advancing housing protections for 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking, including compliance with this 
        subtitle;
          (6) act as a liaison with the judicial branches of 
        Federal, State, and local governments on matters 
        relating to the housing needs of victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking;
          (7) implement a quality control system and a 
        corrective action plan system for those covered housing 
        providers that fail to comply with this subtitle, 
        wherein--
                  (A) such corrective action plans shall be 
                developed in partnership with national, State, 
                or local programs focused on child or adult 
                victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, or stalking; and
                  (B) such corrective action plans shall 
                include provisions requiring covered housing 
                providers to review and develop appropriate 
                notices, procedures, and staff training to 
                improve compliance with this subtitle, in 
                partnership with national, state, or local 
                programs focused on child or adult victims;
          (8) establish a formal reporting process to receive 
        individual complaints concerning noncompliance with 
        this subtitle;
          (9) coordinate the development of interagency 
        guidelines to ensure that information concerning 
        available dwelling units is forwarded to the Director 
        by all covered housing providers for use by the 
        Secretary in facilitating the emergency transfer 
        process;
          (10) coordinate with HUD regional offices and 
        officials at each appropriate agency the development of 
        Federal regulations, policy, protocols, and guidelines 
        regarding uniform timeframes for the completion of 
        emergency transfers; and
          (11) ensure that the guidance and notices to victims 
        are distributed in commonly encountered languages.
  (c) Emergency Transfer Database.--
          (1) In general.--The Director shall maintain a 
        database of information about dwelling units that are 
        available for occupancy or that will be available for 
        occupancy for tenants who are transferred under section 
        41411(e) and establish the format for its use. The 
        emergency transfer database may be a new system or a 
        modification of an existing database. The database 
        shall incorporate information from all covered housing 
        providers.
          (2) Reporting requirements.--Not later than 3 
        business days after a covered housing provider becomes 
        aware of an available dwelling or a dwelling that will 
        imminently become available, the covered housing 
        provider shall report information about that dwelling 
        to the Director, including the following:
                  (A) Project name, if applicable.
                  (B) Dwelling address.
                  (C) Date of availability.
                  (D) Number of bedrooms.
                  (E) Restrictions on eligibility of potential 
                tenants under the covered housing program for 
                that dwelling.
                  (F) Accessibility, including whether the 
                dwelling is accessible by elevator.
                  (G) Smoking policy.
                  (H) Pet policy.
                  (I) Monthly rent and estimated utilities.
                  (J) Eligibility of the dwelling for 
                assistance under other covered housing 
                programs.
                  (K) Property manager contact information.
                  (L) Legal owner.
          (3) Data access.--The Director shall have access to 
        all information in the database and shall regularly 
        monitor its usage. The Director shall determine how 
        covered housing providers shall have access to the 
        database, and establish policies for the coordination 
        of emergency transfers across jurisdictions.
  (d) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
          (1) to limit any claim filed or other proceeding 
        commenced, by the date of enactment of the Violence 
        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019, with regard 
        to any right, remedy, or procedure otherwise available 
        under the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 
        2005 (Public Law 109-162, 119 Stat. 2960), as in effect 
        on the day prior to such date of enactment; or
          (2) to supersede any provision of any Federal, State, 
        or local law that provides greater protection than this 
        subsection for victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking.

SEC. 41414. PROHIBITION ON RETALIATION.

  (a) Nondiscrimination Requirement.--No covered housing 
provider shall discriminate against any person because that 
person has opposed any act or practice made unlawful by this 
subtitle, or because that individual testified, assisted, or 
participated in any matter related to this subtitle.
  (b) Prohibition on Coercion.--No covered housing provider 
shall coerce, intimidate, threaten, or interfere with, or 
retaliate against, any person in the exercise or enjoyment of, 
or on account of the person having exercised or enjoyed, or on 
account of the person having aided or encouraged any other 
individual in the exercise or enjoyment of, any rights or 
protections under this subtitle, including--
          (1) intimidating or threatening any person because 
        that person is assisting or encouraging an individual 
        entitled to claim the rights or protections under this 
        subtitle; and
          (2) retaliating against any person because that 
        person has participated in any investigation or action 
        to enforce this subtitle.
  (c) Enforcement Authority of the Secretary.--The authority of 
the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the Office 
for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity to enforce this section 
shall be the same as the Fair Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 3610 et 
seq.).

SEC. 41415. RIGHT TO REPORT CRIME AND EMERGENCIES FROM ONE'S HOME.

  (a) In General.--Landlords, homeowners, residents, occupants, 
and guests of, and applicants for, housing assisted under a 
covered housing program shall have the right to seek law 
enforcement or emergency assistance on their own behalf or on 
behalf of another person in need of assistance, and shall not 
be penalized based on their requests for assistance or based on 
criminal activity of which they are a victim or otherwise not 
at fault under statutes, ordinances, regulations, or policies 
adopted or enforced by covered governmental entities as defined 
in subsection (d). Penalties that are prohibited include--
          (1) actual or threatened assessment of penalties, 
        fees, or fines;
          (2) actual or threatened eviction;
          (3) actual or threatened refusal to rent or renew 
        tenancy;
          (4) actual or threatened refusal to issue an 
        occupancy permit or landlord permit; and
          (5) actual or threatened closure of the property, or 
        designation of the property as a nuisance or a 
        similarly negative designation.
  (b) Reporting.--Consistent with the process provided for in 
section 104(b) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 
1974 (42 U.S.C. 5304(b)), covered governmental entities shall--
          (1) report any of their laws or policies, or, as 
        applicable, the laws or policies adopted by 
        subgrantees, that impose penalties on landlords, 
        homeowners, residents, occupants, guests, or housing 
        applicants based on requests for law enforcement or 
        emergency assistance or based on criminal activity that 
        occurred at a property; and
          (2) certify that they are in compliance with the 
        protections under this subtitle or describe the steps 
        they will take within 180 days to come into compliance, 
        or to ensure compliance among subgrantees.
  (c) Oversight.--Oversight and accountability mechanisms 
provided for under title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 
(42 U.S.C. 3601 et seq.) shall be available to address 
violations of this section.
  (d) Definition.--For purposes of this section, ``covered 
governmental entity'' shall mean any municipal, county, or 
state government that receives funding pursuant to section 106 
of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 
5306).
  (e) Subgrantees.--For those covered governmental entities 
that distribute funds to subgrantees, compliance with 
subsection (b)(1) includes inquiring about the existence of 
laws and policies adopted by subgrantees that impose penalties 
on landlords, homeowners, residents, occupants, guests, or 
housing applicants based on requests for law enforcement or 
emergency assistance or based on criminal activity that 
occurred at a property.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


           OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT OF 1968



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE I--JUSTICE SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


          Part E--Bureau of Justice Assistance Grant Programs

Subpart 1--Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 501. DESCRIPTION.

  (a) Grants Authorized.--
          (1) In general.--From amounts made available to carry 
        out this subpart, the Attorney General may, in 
        accordance with the formula established under section 
        505, make grants to States and units of local 
        government, for use by the State or unit of local 
        government to provide additional personnel, equipment, 
        supplies, contractual support, training, technical 
        assistance, and information systems for criminal 
        justice, including for any one or more of the following 
        programs:
                  (A) Law enforcement programs.
                  (B) Prosecution and court programs.
                  (C) Prevention and education programs.
                  (D) Corrections and community corrections 
                programs.
                  (E) Drug treatment and enforcement programs.
                  (F) Planning, evaluation, and technology 
                improvement programs.
                  (G) Crime victim and witness programs (other 
                than compensation).
                  (H) Mental health programs and related law 
                enforcement and corrections programs, including 
                behavioral programs and crisis intervention 
                teams.
                  (I) Programs for the development and 
                implementation of alternative methods of 
                reducing crime in communities, to supplant 
                punitive programs or policies. For purposes of 
                this subparagraph, a punitive program or policy 
                is a program or policy that (i) imposes a 
                penalty on a victim of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, 
                on the basis of a request by the victim for law 
                enforcement or emergency assistance; or (ii) 
                imposes a penalty on such a victim because of 
                criminal activity at the property in which the 
                victim resides.
          (2) Rule of construction.--Paragraph (1) shall be 
        construed to ensure that a grant under that paragraph 
        may be used for any purpose for which a grant was 
        authorized to be used under either or both of the 
        programs specified in section 500(b), as those programs 
        were in effect immediately before the enactment of this 
        paragraph.
  (b) Contracts and Subawards.--A State or unit of local 
government may, in using a grant under this subpart for 
purposes authorized by subsection (a), use all or a portion of 
that grant to contract with or make one or more subawards to 
one or more--
          (1) neighborhood or community-based organizations 
        that are private and nonprofit; or
          (2) units of local government.
  (c) Program Assessment Component; Waiver.--
          (1) Each program funded under this subpart shall 
        contain a program assessment component, developed 
        pursuant to guidelines established by the Attorney 
        General, in coordination with the National Institute of 
        Justice.
          (2) The Attorney General may waive the requirement of 
        paragraph (1) with respect to a program if, in the 
        opinion of the Attorney General, the program is not of 
        sufficient size to justify a full program assessment.
  (d) Prohibited Uses.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
this Act, no funds provided under this subpart may be used, 
directly or indirectly, to provide any of the following 
matters:
          (1) Any security enhancements or any equipment to any 
        nongovernmental entity that is not engaged in criminal 
        justice or public safety.
          (2) Unless the Attorney General certifies that 
        extraordinary and exigent circumstances exist that make 
        the use of such funds to provide such matters essential 
        to the maintenance of public safety and good order--
                  (A) vehicles (excluding police cruisers), 
                vessels (excluding police boats), or aircraft 
                (excluding police helicopters);
                  (B) luxury items;
                  (C) real estate;
                  (D) construction projects (other than penal 
                or correctional institutions); or
                  (E) any similar matters.
  (e) Administrative Costs.--Not more than 10 percent of a 
grant made under this subpart may be used for costs incurred to 
administer such grant.
  (f) Period.--The period of a grant made under this subpart 
shall be four years, except that renewals and extensions beyond 
that period may be granted at the discretion of the Attorney 
General.
  (g) Rule of Construction.--Subparagraph (d)(1) shall not be 
construed to prohibit the use, directly or indirectly, of funds 
provided under this subpart to provide security at a public 
event, such as a political convention or major sports event, so 
long as such security is provided under applicable laws and 
procedures.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                            Part J--Funding

                    authorization of appropriations

  Sec. 1001. (a)(1) There is authorized to be appropriated 
$30,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and $33,000,000 for each of 
the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to carry out the functions of 
the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  (2) There is authorized to be appropriated $30,000,000 for 
fiscal year 1992 and $33,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 
1994 and 1995 to carry out the functions of the National 
Institute of Justice.
  (3) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may 
be necessary for fiscal year 1992 and $28,000,000 for each of 
the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to carry out the remaining 
functions of the Office of Justice Programs and the Bureau of 
Justice Assistance other than functions under parts D, E, F, G, 
L, M, N, O, P, Q, or R or EE.
  (4) There are authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal 
year such sums as may be necessary to carry out part L of this 
title.
  (5) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may 
be necessary for fiscal year 1992 and $1,000,000,000 for each 
of the fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to carry out the programs 
under parts D and E (other than chapter B of subpart 2) (other 
than chapter B of subpart 2 of part E) of this title.
  (6) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may 
be necessary for fiscal year 1992, $245,000,000 for fiscal year 
1993, and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1994 
and 1995 to carry out chapter B of subpart 2 of part E of this 
title.
  (7) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out part 
N $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2005.
  (8) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may 
be necessary for fiscal year 1992, $16,500,000 for fiscal year 
1993, and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1994 
and 1995.
  (9) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part 
O--
          (A) $24,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (B) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          (C) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          (D) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          (E) $66,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.
  (10) There are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for 
each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, and 1996 to carry out 
projects under part P.
  (11)(A) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part Q, to remain available until expended $1,047,119,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2006 through 2009.
  (B) Of funds available under part Q in any fiscal year, up to 
3 percent may be used for technical assistance under section 
1701(d) or for evaluations or studies carried out or 
commissioned by the Attorney General in furtherance of the 
purposes of part Q. Of the remaining funds, 50 percent shall be 
allocated for grants pursuant to applications submitted by 
units of local government or law enforcement agencies having 
jurisdiction over areas with populations exceeding 150,000 or 
by public and private entities that serve areas with 
populations exceeding 150,000, and 50 percent shall be 
allocated for grants pursuant to applications submitted by 
units of local government or law enforcement agencies having 
jurisdiction over areas with populations 150,000 or less or by 
public and private entities that serve areas with populations 
150,000 or less. In view of the extraordinary need for law 
enforcement assistance in Indian country, an appropriate amount 
of funds available under part Q shall be made available for 
grants to Indian tribal governments or tribal law enforcement 
agencies.
  (16) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
projects under part R--
          (A) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (B) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          (C) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          (D) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          (E) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.
  (17) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the 
projects under part S--
          (A) $27,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (B) $36,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          (C) $63,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          (D) $72,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          (E) $72,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.
  (18) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out part 
T $222,000,000 for each of fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 
2020 through 2024.
  (19) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out part 
U $73,000,000 for each of fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 2020 
through 2024. Funds appropriated under this paragraph shall 
remain available until expended.
  (20) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part V, $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2004.
  (21) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part W--
          (1) $2,500,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (2) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          (3) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          (4) $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          (5) $7,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.
  (22) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part X--
          (1) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (2) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          (3) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          (4) $13,500,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          (5) $17,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.
  (23) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out part 
Y, $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016through 2020.
  (24) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
part BB, to remain available until expended--
          (A) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;
          (B) $85,400,000 for fiscal year 2002;
          (C) $134,733,000 for fiscal year 2003;
          (D) $128,067,000 for fiscal year 2004;
          (E) $56,733,000 for fiscal year 2005;
          (F) $42,067,000 for fiscal year 2006;
          (G) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
          (H) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
          (I) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2009; and
          (J) $13,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
          (K) $18,500,000 for fiscal year 2018;
          (L) $19,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
          (M) $21,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
          (N) $23,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
  (25)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (C), there is 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out part EE $75,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2023.
  (B) The Attorney General shall reserve not less than 1 
percent and not more than 4.5 percent of the sums appropriated 
for this program in each fiscal year for research and 
evaluation of this program.
  (C) No funds made available to carry out part EE shall be 
expended if the Attorney General fails to submit the report 
required to be submitted under section 2401(c) of title II of 
Division B of the 21st Century Department of Justice 
Appropriations Authorization Act.
          (26) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
        out part CC $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 
        and 2010.
          (27) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
        out part LL $103,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 
        and 2018, and $330,000,000 for eachof fiscal years 2019 
        through 2023.
          (28) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
        out section 3031(a)(4) of part NN $5,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022, and 2023.
  (b) Funds appropriated for any fiscal year may remain 
available for obligation until expended.
  (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no funds 
appropriated under this section for part E of this title may be 
transferred or reprogrammed for carrying out any activity which 
is not authorized under such part.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


   PART Q--PUBLIC SAFETY AND COMMUNITY POLICING; ``COPS ON THE BEAT''

SEC. 1701. AUTHORITY TO MAKE PUBLIC SAFETY AND COMMUNITY POLICING 
                    GRANTS.

  (a) Grant Authorization.--The Attorney General shall carry 
out a single grant program under which the Attorney General 
makes grants to States, units of local government, Indian 
tribal governments, other public and private entities, and 
multi-jurisdictional or regional consortia for the purposes 
described in subsection (b).
  (b) uses of grant amounts.--The purposes for which grants 
made under subsection (a) may be made are--
          (1) to rehire law enforcement officers who have been 
        laid off as a result of State, tribal, or local budget 
        reductions for deployment in community-oriented 
        policing;
          (2) to hire and train new, additional career law 
        enforcement officers for deployment in community-
        oriented policing across the Nation, including by 
        prioritizing the hiring and training of veterans (as 
        defined in section 101 of title 38, United States 
        Code);
          (3) to procure equipment, technology, or support 
        systems, or pay overtime, to increase the number of 
        officers deployed in community-oriented policing;
          (4) to award grants to pay for offices hired to 
        perform intelligence, anti-terror, or homeland security 
        duties;
          (5) to increase the number of law enforcement 
        officers involved in activities that are focused on 
        interaction with members of the community on proactive 
        crime control and prevention by redeploying officers to 
        such activities;
          (6) to provide specialized training to law 
        enforcement officers to enhance their conflict 
        resolution, mediation, problem solving, service, and 
        other skills needed to work in partnership with members 
        of the community;
          (7) to increase police participation in 
        multidisciplinary early intervention teams;
          (8) to develop new technologies, including 
        interoperable communications technologies, modernized 
        criminal record technology, and forensic technology, to 
        assist State, tribal, and local law enforcement 
        agencies in reorienting the emphasis of their 
        activities from reacting to crime to preventing crime 
        and to train law enforcement officers to use such 
        technologies;
          (9) to develop and implement innovative programs to 
        permit members of the community to assist State, 
        tribal, and local law enforcement agencies in the 
        prevention of crime in the community, such as a 
        citizens' police academy, including programs designed 
        to increase the level of access to the criminal justice 
        system enjoyed by victims, witnesses, and ordinary 
        citizens by establishing decentralized satellite 
        offices (including video facilities) of principal 
        criminal courts buildings;
          (10) to establish innovative programs to reduce, and 
        keep to a minimum, the amount of time that law 
        enforcement officers must be away from the community 
        while awaiting court appearances;
          (11) to establish and implement innovative programs 
        to increase and enhance proactive crime control and 
        prevention programs involving law enforcement officers 
        and young persons in the community;
          (12) to establish school-based partnerships between 
        local law enforcement agencies and local school systems 
        by using school resource officers who operate in and 
        around elementary and secondary schools to combat 
        school-related crime and disorder problems, gangs, and 
        drug activities, including the training of school 
        resource officers in the prevention of human 
        trafficking offenses;
          (13) to develop and establish new administrative and 
        managerial systems to facilitate the adoption of 
        community-oriented policing as an organization-wide 
        philosophy;
          (14) to assist a State or Indian tribe in enforcing a 
        law throughout the State or tribal community that 
        requires that a convicted sex offender register his or 
        her address with a State, tribal, or local law 
        enforcement agency and be subject to criminal 
        prosecution for failure to comply;
          (15) to establish, implement, and coordinate crime 
        prevention and control programs (involving law 
        enforcement officers working with community members) 
        with other Federal programs that serve the community 
        and community members to better address the 
        comprehensive needs of the community and its members;
          (16) to support the purchase by a law enforcement 
        agency of no more than 1 service weapon per officer, 
        upon hiring for deployment in community-oriented 
        policing or, if necessary, upon existing officers' 
        initial redeployment to community-oriented policing;
          (17) to participate in nationally recognized active 
        shooter training programs that offer scenario-based, 
        integrated response courses designed to counter active 
        shooter threats or acts of terrorism against 
        individuals or facilities;
          (18) to provide specialized training to law 
        enforcement officers to--
                  (A) recognize individuals who have a mental 
                illness; and
                  (B) properly interact with individuals who 
                have a mental illness, including strategies for 
                verbal de-escalation of crises;
          (19) to establish collaborative programs that enhance 
        the ability of law enforcement agencies to address the 
        mental health, behavioral, and substance abuse problems 
        of individuals encountered by law enforcement officers 
        in the line of duty;
          (20) to provide specialized training to corrections 
        officers to recognize individuals who have a mental 
        illness;
          (21) to enhance the ability of corrections officers 
        to address the mental health of individuals under the 
        care and custody of jails and prisons, including 
        specialized training and strategies for verbal de-
        escalation of crises;
          (22) to permit tribal governments receiving direct 
        law enforcement services from the Bureau of Indian 
        Affairs to access the program under this section for 
        use in accordance with paragraphs (1) through (21); 
        [and]
          (23) to establish peer mentoring mental health and 
        wellness pilot programs within State, tribal, and local 
        law enforcement agencies[.]; and
          (24) to develop and implement alternative methods of 
        reducing crime in communities, to supplant punitive 
        programs or policies (as such term is defined in 
        section 501(a)(1)(I)).
  (c) Preferential Consideration of Applications for Certain 
Grants.--In awarding grants under this part, the Attorney 
General may give preferential consideration, where feasible, to 
an application--
          (1) for hiring and rehiring additional career law 
        enforcement officers that involves a non-Federal 
        contribution exceeding the 25 percent minimum under 
        subsection (g);
          (2) from an applicant in a State that has in effect a 
        law that--
                  (A) treats a minor who has engaged in, or has 
                attempted to engage in, a commercial sex act as 
                a victim of a severe form of trafficking in 
                persons;
                  (B) discourages or prohibits the charging or 
                prosecution of an individual described in 
                subparagraph (A) for a prostitution or sex 
                trafficking offense, based on the conduct 
                described in subparagraph (A); and
                  (C) encourages the diversion of an individual 
                described in subparagraph (A) to appropriate 
                service providers, including child welfare 
                services, victim treatment programs, child 
                advocacy centers, rape crisis centers, or other 
                social services; or
          (3) from an applicant in a State that has in effect a 
        law--
                  (A) that--
                          (i) provides a process by which an 
                        individual who is a human trafficking 
                        survivor can move to vacate any arrest 
                        or conviction records for a non-violent 
                        offense committed as a direct result of 
                        human trafficking, including 
                        prostitution or lewdness;
                          (ii) establishes a rebuttable 
                        presumption that any arrest or 
                        conviction of an individual for an 
                        offense associated with human 
                        trafficking is a result of being 
                        trafficked, if the individual--
                                  (I) is a person granted 
                                nonimmigrant status pursuant to 
                                section 101(a)(15)(T)(i) of the 
                                Immigration and Nationality Act 
                                (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(T)(i));
                                  (II) is the subject of a 
                                certification by the Secretary 
                                of Health and Human Services 
                                under section 107(b)(1)(E) of 
                                the Trafficking Victims 
                                Protection Act of 2000 (22 
                                U.S.C. 7105(b)(1)(E)); or
                                  (III) has other similar 
                                documentation of trafficking, 
                                which has been issued by a 
                                Federal, State, or local 
                                agency; and
                          (iii) protects the identity of 
                        individuals who are human trafficking 
                        survivors in public and court records; 
                        and
                  (B) that does not require an individual who 
                is a human trafficking survivor to provide 
                official documentation as described in 
                subclause (I), (II), or (III) of subparagraph 
                (A)(ii) in order to receive protection under 
                the law.
  (d) Technical Assistance.--
          (1) In general.--The Attorney General may provide 
        technical assistance to States, units of local 
        government, Indian tribal governments, and to other 
        public and private entities, in furtherance of the 
        purposes of the Public Safety Partnership and Community 
        Policing Act of 1994.
          (2) Model.--The technical assistance provided by the 
        Attorney General may include the development of a 
        flexible model that will define for State and local 
        governments, and other public and private entities, 
        definitions and strategies associated with community or 
        problem-oriented policing and methodologies for its 
        implementation.
          (3) Training centers and facilities.--The technical 
        assistance provided by the Attorney General may include 
        the establishment and operation of training centers or 
        facilities, either directly or by contracting or 
        cooperative arrangements. The functions of the centers 
        or facilities established under this paragraph may 
        include instruction and seminars for police executives, 
        managers, trainers, supervisors, and such others as the 
        Attorney General considers to be appropriate concerning 
        community or problem-oriented policing and improvements 
        in police-community interaction and cooperation that 
        further the purposes of the Public Safety Partnership 
        and Community Policing Act of 1994.
  (e) Utilization of Components.--The Attorney General may 
utilize any component or components of the Department of 
Justice in carrying out this part.
  (f) Minimum Amount.--Unless all applications submitted by any 
State and grantee within the State pursuant to subsection (a) 
have been funded, each qualifying State, together with grantees 
within the State, shall receive in each fiscal year pursuant to 
subsection (a) not less than 0.5 percent of the total amount 
appropriated in the fiscal year for grants pursuant to that 
subsection. In this subsection, ``qualifying State'' means any 
State which has submitted an application for a grant, or in 
which an eligible entity has submitted an application for a 
grant, which meets the requirements prescribed by the Attorney 
General and the conditions set out in this part.
  (g) Matching Funds.--The portion of the costs of a program, 
project, or activity provided by a grant under subsection (a) 
may not exceed 75 percent, unless the Attorney General waives, 
wholly or in part, the requirement under this subsection of a 
non-Federal contribution to the costs of a program, project, or 
activity. In relation to a grant for a period exceeding 1 year 
for hiring or rehiring career law enforcement officers, the 
Federal share shall decrease from year to year for up to 5 
years, looking toward the continuation of the increased hiring 
level using State or local sources of funding following the 
conclusion of Federal support, as provided in an approved plan 
pursuant to section 1702(c)(8).
  (h) Allocation of Funds.--The funds available under this part 
shall be allocated as provided in section 1001(a)(11)(B).
  (i) Termination of Grants for Hiring Officers.--Except as 
provided in subsection (j), the authority under subsection (a) 
of this section to make grants for the hiring and rehiring of 
additional career law enforcement officers shall lapse at the 
conclusion of 6 years from the date of enactment of this part. 
Prior to the expiration of this grant authority, the Attorney 
General shall submit a report to Congress concerning the 
experience with and effects of such grants. The report may 
include any recommendations the Attorney General may have for 
amendments to this part and related provisions of law in light 
of the termination of the authority to make grants for the 
hiring and rehiring of additional career law enforcement 
officers.
  (j) Grants to Indian Tribes.--
          (1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (i) and 
        section 1703, and in acknowledgment of the Federal 
        nexus and distinct Federal responsibility to address 
        and prevent crime in Indian country, the Attorney 
        General shall provide grants under this section to 
        Indian tribal governments, for fiscal year 2011 and any 
        fiscal year thereafter, for such period as the Attorney 
        General determines to be appropriate to assist the 
        Indian tribal governments in carrying out the purposes 
        described in subsection (b).
          (2) Priority of funding.--In providing grants to 
        Indian tribal governments under this subsection, the 
        Attorney General shall take into consideration 
        reservation crime rates and tribal law enforcement 
        staffing needs of each Indian tribal government.
          (3) Federal share.--Because of the Federal nature and 
        responsibility for providing public safety on Indian 
        land, the Federal share of the cost of any activity 
        carried out using a grant under this subsection--
                  (A) shall be 100 percent; and
                  (B) may be used to cover indirect costs.
          (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
        subsection $40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 
        through 2015.
  (k) COPS Anti-Meth Program.--The Attorney General shall use 
amounts otherwise appropriated to carry out this section for a 
fiscal year (beginning with fiscal year 2019) to make 
competitive grants, in amounts of not less than $1,000,000 for 
such fiscal year, to State law enforcement agencies with high 
seizures of precursor chemicals, finished methamphetamine, 
laboratories, and laboratory dump seizures for the purpose of 
locating or investigating illicit activities, such as precursor 
diversion, laboratories, or methamphetamine traffickers.
  (l) Cops Anti-heroin Task Force Program.--The Attorney 
General shall use amounts otherwise appropriated to carry out 
this section, or other amounts as appropriated, for a fiscal 
year (beginning with fiscal year 2019) to make competitive 
grants to State law enforcement agencies in States with high 
per capita rates of primary treatment admissions, for the 
purpose of locating or investigating illicit activities, 
through Statewide collaboration, relating to the distribution 
of heroin, fentanyl, or carfentanil or relating to the unlawful 
distribution of prescription opioids.
  (m) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this subsection, the Attorney General shall submit 
to Congress a report describing the extent and effectiveness of 
the Community Oriented Policing (COPS) initiative as applied in 
Indian country, including particular references to--
          (1) the problem of intermittent funding;
          (2) the integration of COPS personnel with existing 
        law enforcement authorities; and
          (3) an explanation of how the practice of community 
        policing and the broken windows theory can most 
        effectively be applied in remote tribal locations.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


         Part T--Grants To Combat Violent Crimes Against Women

SEC. 2001. PURPOSE OF THE PROGRAM AND GRANTS.

  (a) General Program Purpose.--The purpose of this part is to 
assist States, State and local courts (including juvenile 
courts), Indian tribal governments, tribal courts, and units of 
local government to develop and strengthen effective law 
enforcement and prosecution strategies to combat violent crimes 
against women, and to develop and strengthen victim services in 
cases involving violent crimes against women.
  (b) Purposes for Which Grants May Be Used.--Grants under this 
part shall provide personnel, training, technical assistance, 
data collection and other resources for the more widespread 
apprehension, prosecution, and adjudication of persons 
committing violent crimes against women, for the protection and 
safety of victims, and specifically, for the purposes of--
          (1) training law enforcement officers, judges, other 
        court personnel, and prosecutors to more effectively 
        identify and respond to violent crimes against women, 
        including the crimes of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking, including the 
        appropriate use of nonimmigrant status under 
        subparagraphs (T) and (U) of section 101(a)(15) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a));
          (2) developing, training, or expanding units of law 
        enforcement officers, judges, other court personnel, 
        and prosecutors specifically targeting violent crimes 
        against women, including the crimes of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking;
          (3) developing and implementing more effective 
        police, court, and prosecution policies, protocols, 
        orders, and services specifically devoted to 
        preventing, identifying, and responding to violent 
        crimes against women, including the crimes of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking, as well as the appropriate treatment of 
        victims including implementation of the non-
        discrimination requirements in section 40002(b)(13) of 
        the Violence Against Women Act of 1994;
          (4) developing, installing, or expanding data 
        collection and communication systems, including 
        computerized systems, linking police, prosecutors, and 
        courts or for the purpose of identifying, classifying, 
        and tracking arrests, protection orders, violations of 
        protection orders, prosecutions, and convictions for 
        violent crimes against women, including the crimes of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking;
          (5) developing, enlarging, or strengthening victim 
        services and legal assistance programs, including 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking programs, developing or improving delivery of 
        victim services to underserved populations, providing 
        specialized domestic violence court advocates in courts 
        where a significant number of protection orders are 
        granted, and increasing reporting and reducing 
        attrition rates for cases involving violent crimes 
        against women, including crimes of sexual assault, 
        domestic violence, and dating violence;
          (6) developing, enlarging, or strengthening programs 
        addressing the needs and circumstances of Indian tribes 
        in dealing with violent crimes against women, including 
        the crimes of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, and stalking;
          (7) supporting formal and informal statewide, 
        multidisciplinary efforts, to the extent not supported 
        by State funds, to coordinate the response of State law 
        enforcement agencies, prosecutors, courts, victim 
        services agencies, and other State agencies and 
        departments, to violent crimes against women, including 
        the crimes of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating 
        violence, and stalking;
          (8) training of sexual assault forensic medical 
        personnel examiners in the collection and preservation 
        of evidence, analysis, prevention, and providing expert 
        testimony and treatment of trauma related to sexual 
        assault;
          (9) developing, enlarging, or strengthening programs 
        to assist law enforcement, prosecutors, courts, and 
        others to address the needs and circumstances of [older 
        and disabled women] people 50 years of age or over and 
        people with disabilities who are victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, 
        including recognizing, investigating, and prosecuting 
        instances of such violence or assault and targeting 
        outreach and support, counseling, and other victim 
        services to such [older and disabled individuals] 
        people;
          (10) providing assistance to victims of domestic 
        violence and sexual assault in immigration matters;
          (11) maintaining core victim services and criminal 
        justice initiatives, while supporting complementary new 
        initiatives and emergency services for victims and 
        their families;
          (12) supporting the placement of special victim 
        assistants (to be known as ``Jessica Gonzales Victim 
        Assistants'') in local law enforcement agencies to 
        serve as liaisons between victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking and 
        personnel in local law enforcement agencies in order to 
        improve the enforcement of protection orders. Jessica 
        Gonzales Victim Assistants shall have expertise in 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking and may undertake the following activities--
                  (A) developing, in collaboration with 
                prosecutors, courts, and victim service 
                providers, standardized response policies for 
                local law enforcement agencies, including the 
                use of evidence-based indicators to assess the 
                risk of domestic and dating violence homicide 
                and prioritize dangerous or potentially lethal 
                cases;
                  (B) notifying persons seeking enforcement of 
                protection orders as to what responses will be 
                provided by the relevant law enforcement 
                agency;
                  (C) referring persons seeking enforcement of 
                protection orders to supplementary services 
                (such as emergency shelter programs, hotlines, 
                or legal assistance services); and
                  (D) taking other appropriate action to assist 
                or secure the safety of the person seeking 
                enforcement of a protection order;
          (13) providing funding to law enforcement agencies, 
        victim services providers, and State, tribal, 
        territorial, and local governments (which funding 
        stream shall be known as the Crystal Judson Domestic 
        Violence Protocol Program) to promote--
                  (A) the development and implementation of 
                training for local victim domestic violence 
                service providers, and to fund victim services 
                personnel, to be known as ``Crystal Judson 
                Victim Advocates,'' to provide supportive 
                services and advocacy for victims of domestic 
                violence committed by law enforcement 
                personnel;
                  (B) the implementation of protocols within 
                law enforcement agencies to ensure consistent 
                and effective responses to the commission of 
                domestic violence by personnel within such 
                agencies (such as the model policy promulgated 
                by the International Association of Chiefs of 
                Police (``Domestic Violence by Police Officers: 
                A Policy of the IACP, Police Response to 
                Violence Against Women Project'' July 2003));
                  (C) the development of such protocols in 
                collaboration with State, tribal, territorial 
                and local victim service providers and domestic 
                violence coalitions.
        Any law enforcement, State, tribal, territorial, or 
        local government agency receiving funding under the 
        Crystal Judson Domestic Violence Protocol Program under 
        paragraph (13) shall on an annual basis, receive 
        additional training on the topic of incidents of 
        domestic violence committed by law enforcement 
        personnel from domestic violence and sexual assault 
        nonprofit organizations and, after a period of 2 years, 
        provide a report of the adopted protocol to the 
        Department of Justice, including a summary of progress 
        in implementing such protocol;
          (14) developing and promoting State, local, or tribal 
        legislation and policies that enhance best practices 
        for responding to domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, and stalking;
          (15) developing, implementing, or enhancing Sexual 
        Assault Response Teams, or other similar coordinated 
        community responses to sexual assault;
          (16) developing and strengthening policies, 
        protocols, best practices, and training for law 
        enforcement agencies and prosecutors relating to the 
        investigation and prosecution of sexual assault cases 
        and the appropriate treatment of victims;
          (17) developing, enlarging, or strengthening programs 
        addressing sexual assault against men, women, and youth 
        in correctional and detention settings;
          (18) identifying and conducting inventories of 
        backlogs of sexual assault evidence collection kits and 
        developing protocols and policies for responding to and 
        addressing such backlogs, including protocols and 
        policies for notifying and involving victims;
          (19) developing, enlarging, or strengthening programs 
        and projects to provide services and responses 
        targeting male and female victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, whose 
        ability to access traditional services and responses is 
        affected by their sexual orientation or gender 
        identity, as defined in section 249(c) of title 18, 
        United States Code; [and]
          (20) developing, enhancing, or strengthening 
        prevention and educational programming to address 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking, with not more than 5 percent of the amount 
        allocated to a State to be used for this purpose[.]; 
        and
          (21) developing and implementing laws, policies, 
        procedures, or training to ensure the lawful recovery 
        and storage of any dangerous weapon by the appropriate 
        law enforcement agency from an adjudicated perpetrator 
        of any offense of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking, and the return of such 
        weapon when appropriate, where any Federal, State, 
        tribal, or local court has--
                  (A)(i) issued protective or other restraining 
                orders against such a perpetrator; or
                  (ii) found such a perpetrator to be guilty of 
                misdemeanor or felony crimes of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking; and
                  (B) ordered the perpetrator to relinquish 
                dangerous weapons that the perpetrator 
                possesses or has used in the commission of at 
                least one of the aforementioned crimes.
        Policies, procedures, protocols, laws, regulations, or 
        training under this section shall include the safest 
        means of recovery of, and best practices for storage 
        of, relinquished and recovered dangerous weapons and 
        their return, when applicable, at such time as the 
        individual is no longer prohibited from possessing such 
        weapons under Federal, State, or Tribal law, or posted 
        local ordinances.
  (c) State Coalition Grants.--
          (1) Purpose.--The Attorney General shall award grants 
        to each State domestic violence coalition and sexual 
        assault coalition for the purposes of coordinating 
        State victim services activities, and collaborating and 
        coordinating with Federal, State, and local entities 
        engaged in violence against women activities.
          (2) Grants to state coalitions.--The Attorney General 
        shall award grants to--
                  (A) each State domestic violence coalition, 
                as determined by the Secretary of Health and 
                Human Services under section 311 of the Family 
                Violence Prevention and Services Act; and
                  (B) each State sexual assault coalition, as 
                determined by the Center for Injury Prevention 
                and Control of the Centers for Disease Control 
                and Prevention under the Public Health Service 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 280b et seq.).
          (3) Eligibility for other grants.--Receipt of an 
        award under this subsection by each State domestic 
        violence and sexual assault coalition shall not 
        preclude the coalition from receiving additional grants 
        under this part to carry out the purposes described in 
        subsection (b).
  (d) Tribal Coalition Grants.--
          (1) Purpose.--The Attorney General shall award a 
        grant to tribal coalitions for purposes of--
                  (A) increasing awareness of domestic violence 
                and sexual assault against Indian women;
                  (B) enhancing the response to violence 
                against Indian women at the Federal, State, and 
                tribal levels;
                  (C) identifying and providing technical 
                assistance to coalition membership and tribal 
                communities to enhance access to essential 
                services to Indian women victimized by domestic 
                and sexual violence, including sex trafficking; 
                and
                  (D) assisting Indian tribes in developing and 
                promoting State, local, and tribal legislation 
                and policies that enhance best practices for 
                responding to violent crimes against Indian 
                women, including the crimes of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, sex 
                trafficking, and stalking.
          (2) Grants.--The Attorney General shall award grants 
        on an annual basis under paragraph (1) to--
                  (A) each tribal coalition that--
                          (i) meets the criteria of a tribal 
                        coalition under section 40002(a) of the 
                        Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (42 
                        U.S.C. 13925(a));
                          (ii) is recognized by the Office on 
                        Violence Against Women; and
                          (iii) provides services to Indian 
                        tribes; and
                  (B) organizations that propose to incorporate 
                and operate a tribal coalition in areas where 
                Indian tribes are located but no tribal 
                coalition exists.
          (3) Use of amounts.--For each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018, of the amounts appropriated to carry out 
        this subsection--
                  (A) not more than 10 percent shall be made 
                available to organizations described in 
                paragraph (2)(B), provided that 1 or more 
                organizations determined by the Attorney 
                General to be qualified apply;
                  (B) not less than 90 percent shall be made 
                available to tribal coalitions described in 
                paragraph (2)(A), which amounts shall be 
                distributed equally among each eligible tribal 
                coalition for the applicable fiscal year.
          (4) Eligibility for other grants.--Receipt of an 
        award under this subsection by a tribal coalition shall 
        not preclude the tribal coalition from receiving 
        additional grants under this title to carry out the 
        purposes described in paragraph (1).
          (5) Multiple purpose applications.--Nothing in this 
        subsection prohibits any tribal coalition or 
        organization described in paragraph (2) from applying 
        for funding to address sexual assault or domestic 
        violence needs in the same application.

SEC. 2002. ESTABLISHMENT OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN OFFICE.

  (a) In General.--There is hereby established within the 
Department of Justice, under the general authority of the 
Attorney General, [a Violence Against Women Office] an Office 
on Violence Against Women (in this part referred to as the 
``Office'').
  (b) Separate Office.--The Office shall be a separate and 
distinct office within the Department of Justice, not subsumed 
by any other office, headed by a Director, who shall report to 
the Attorney General and serve as Counsel to the Attorney 
General on the subject of violence against women, and who shall 
have final authority over all grants, cooperative agreements, 
and contracts awarded by the Office.
  (c) Jurisdiction.--Under the general authority of the 
Attorney General, the Office--
          (1) shall have sole jurisdiction over all duties and 
        functions described in section 2004; and
          (2) shall be solely responsible for coordination with 
        other departments, agencies, or offices of all 
        activities authorized or undertaken under the [Violence 
        Against Women Act of 1994 (title VI of Public 103-322) 
        and the Violence Against Women Act of 2000 (Division B 
        of Public Law 106-386)] Violence Against Women Act of 
        1994 (title VI1 of Public 103-322), the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 2000 (Division B of Public Law 
        106-386), the Violence Against Women and Department of 
        Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX of Public 
        Law 109-162; 119 Stat. 3080), the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 
        127 Stat. 54); and the Violence Against Women 
        Reauthorization Act of 2019.

[SEC. 2003. DIRECTOR OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN OFFICE.

  [(a) Appointment.--The President, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate, shall appoint a Director for the 
Violence Against Women Office (in this title referred to as the 
``Director'') to be responsible, under the general authority of 
the Attorney General, for the administration, coordination, and 
implementation of the programs and activities of the Office.
  [(b) Other Employment.--The Director shall not--
          [(1) engage in any employment other than that of 
        serving as Director; or
          [(2) hold any office in, or act in any capacity for, 
        any organization, agency, or institution with which the 
        Office makes any contract or other agreement under the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (title IV of Public 
        Law 103-322) or the Violence Against Women Act of 2000 
        (division B of Public Law 106-386).
  [(c) Vacancy.--In the case of a vacancy, the President may 
designate an officer or employee who shall act as Director 
during the vacancy.
  [(d) Compensation.--The Director shall be compensated at a 
rate of pay not to exceed the rate payable for level V of the 
Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States 
Code.

[SEC. 2004. DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS OF DIRECTOR OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN 
                    OFFICE.

   [The Director shall have the following duties:
          [(1) Maintaining liaison with the judicial branches 
        of the Federal and State Governments on matters 
        relating to violence against women.
          [(2) Providing information to the President, the 
        Congress, the judiciary, State, local, and tribal 
        governments, and the general public on matters relating 
        to violence against women.
          [(3) Serving, at the request of the Attorney General, 
        as the representative of the Department of Justice on 
        domestic task forces, committees, or commissions 
        addressing policy or issues relating to violence 
        against women.
          [(4) Serving, at the request of the President, acting 
        through the Attorney General, as the representative of 
        the United States Government on human rights and 
        economic justice matters related to violence against 
        women in international fora, including, but not limited 
        to, the United Nations.
          [(5) Carrying out the functions of the Department of 
        Justice under the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 
        (title IV of Public Law 103-322) and the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 2000 (division B of Public Law 
        106-386), including with respect to those functions--
                  [(A) the development of policy, protocols, 
                and guidelines;
                  [(B) the development and management of grant 
                programs and other programs, and the provision 
                of technical assistance under such programs; 
                and
                  [(C) the award and termination of grants, 
                cooperative agreements, and contracts.
          [(6) Providing technical assistance, coordination, 
        and support to--
                  [(A) other components of the Department of 
                Justice, in efforts to develop policy and to 
                enforce Federal laws relating to violence 
                against women, including the litigation of 
                civil and criminal actions relating to 
                enforcing such laws;
                  [(B) other Federal, State, local, and tribal 
                agencies, in efforts to develop policy, provide 
                technical assistance, and improve coordination 
                among agencies carrying out efforts to 
                eliminate violence against women, including 
                Indian or indigenous women; and
                  [(C) grantees, in efforts to combat violence 
                against women and to provide support and 
                assistance to victims of such violence.
          [(7) Exercising such other powers and functions as 
        may be vested in the Director pursuant to this part or 
        by delegation of the Attorney General.
          [(8) Establishing such rules, regulations, 
        guidelines, and procedures as are necessary to carry 
        out any function of the Office.]

SEC. 2003. DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN.

  (a) Appointment.--The President, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate, shall appoint a Director for the Office 
on Violence Against Women (in this title referred to as the 
``Director'') to be responsible, under the general authority of 
the Attorney General, for the administration, coordination, and 
implementation of the programs and activities of the Office.
  (b) Other Employment.--The Director shall not--
          (1) engage in any employment other than that of 
        serving as Director; or
          (2) hold any office in, or act in any capacity for, 
        any organization, agency, or institution with which the 
        Office makes any contract or other agreement under the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (title IV of Public 
        Law 103-322), the Violence Against Women Act of 2000 
        (division B of Public Law 106-386), the Violence 
        Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization 
        Act of 2005 (title IX of Public Law 109-162; 119 Stat. 
        3080), the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act 
        of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 Stat. 54); or the 
        Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019.
  (c) Vacancy.--In the case of a vacancy, the President may 
designate an officer or employee who shall act as Director 
during the vacancy.
  (d) Compensation.--The Director shall be compensated at a 
rate of pay not to exceed the rate payable for level V of the 
Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States 
Code.

SEC. 2004. DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS OF DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE ON VIOLENCE 
                    AGAINST WOMEN.

  The Director shall have the following duties:
          (1) Maintaining liaison with the judicial branches of 
        the Federal and State Governments on matters relating 
        to violence against women.
          (2) Providing information to the President, the 
        Congress, the judiciary, State, local, and tribal 
        governments, and the general public on matters relating 
        to violence against women.
          (3) Serving, at the request of the Attorney General, 
        as the representative of the Department of Justice on 
        domestic task forces, committees, or commissions 
        addressing policy or issues relating to violence 
        against women.
          (4) Serving, at the request of the President, acting 
        through the Attorney General, as the representative of 
        the United States Government on human rights and 
        economic justice matters related to violence against 
        women in international fora, including, but not limited 
        to, the United Nations.
          (5) Carrying out the functions of the Department of 
        Justice under the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 
        (title IV of Public Law 103-322), the Violence Against 
        Women Act of 2000 (division B of Public Law 106-386), 
        the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice 
        Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX of Public Law 
        109-162; 119 Stat. 3080), the Violence Against Women 
        Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 
        Stat. 54); and the Violence Against Women 
        Reauthorization Act of 2019, including with respect to 
        those functions--
                  (A) the development of policy, protocols, and 
                guidelines;
                  (B) the development and management of grant 
                programs and other programs, and the provision 
                of technical assistance under such programs; 
                and
                  (C) the award and termination of grants, 
                cooperative agreements, and contracts.
          (6) Providing technical assistance, coordination, and 
        support to--
                  (A) other components of the Department of 
                Justice, in efforts to develop policy and to 
                enforce Federal laws relating to violence 
                against women, including the litigation of 
                civil and criminal actions relating to 
                enforcing such laws;
                  (B) other Federal, State, local, and tribal 
                agencies, in efforts to develop policy, provide 
                technical assistance, synchronize federal 
                definitions and protocols, and improve 
                coordination among agencies carrying out 
                efforts to eliminate violence against women, 
                including Indian or indigenous women; and
                  (C) grantees, in efforts to combat violence 
                against women and to provide support and 
                assistance to victims of such violence.
          (7) Exercising such other powers and functions as may 
        be vested in the Director pursuant to this subchapter 
        or by delegation of the Attorney General.
          (8) Establishing such rules, regulations, guidelines, 
        and procedures as are necessary to carry out any 
        function of the Office.

SEC. 2005. STAFF OF [VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN OFFICE]  OFFICE ON VIOLENCE 
                    AGAINST WOMEN.

  The Attorney General shall ensure that the Director has 
adequate staff to support the Director in carrying out the 
Director's responsibilities under this part.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 2007. STATE GRANTS.

  (a) General Grants.--The Attorney General may make grants to 
States, for use by States, State and local courts (including 
juvenile courts), units of local government, victim service 
providers, and Indian tribal governments for the purposes 
described in section 2001(b).
  (b) Amounts.--Of the amounts appropriated for the purposes of 
this part--
          (1) 10 percent shall be available for grants under 
        the program authorized by section 2015, which shall not 
        otherwise be subject to the requirements of this part 
        (other than section 2008);
          (2) 2.5 percent shall be available for grants for 
        State domestic violence coalitions under section 
        2001(c), with the coalition for each State, the 
        coalition for the District of Columbia, the coalition 
        for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the coalition 
        for the combined Territories of the United States, each 
        receiving an amount equal to \1/56\ of the total amount 
        made available under this paragraph for each fiscal 
        year;
          (3) 2.5 percent shall be available for grants for 
        State sexual assault coalitions under section 2001(c), 
        with the coalition for each State, the coalition for 
        the District of Columbia, the coalition for the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, coalitions for Guam, 
        American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, and 
        the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, each 
        receiving an amount equal to \1/56\ of the total amount 
        made available under this paragraph for each fiscal 
        year;
          (4) \1/56\ shall be available for grants under 
        section 2001(d);
          (5) $600,000 shall be available for grants to 
        applicants in each State; and
          (6) the remaining funds shall be available for grants 
        to applicants in each State in an amount that bears the 
        same ratio to the amount of remaining funds as the 
        population of the State bears to the population of all 
        of the States that results from a distribution among 
        the States on the basis of each State's population in 
        relation to the population of all States.
  (c) Qualification.--Upon satisfying the terms of subsection 
(d), any State shall be qualified for funds provided under this 
part upon certification that--
          (1) the funds shall be used for any of the purposes 
        described in section 2001(b);
          (2) grantees and subgrantees shall develop a plan for 
        implementation and shall consult and coordinate with--
                  (A) the State sexual assault coalition;
                  (B) the State domestic violence coalition;
                  (C) the law enforcement entities within the 
                State;
                  (D) prosecution offices;
                  (E) State and local courts;
                  (F) Tribal governments in those States with 
                State or federally recognized Indian tribes;
                  (G) representatives from underserved 
                populations, including culturally specific 
                populations;
                  (H) victim service providers;
                  (I) population specific organizations; and
                  (J) other entities that the State or the 
                Attorney General identifies as needed for the 
                planning process;
          (3) grantees shall coordinate the State 
        implementation plan described in paragraph (2) with the 
        State plans described in section 307 of the Family 
        Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10407) 
        and the programs described in section 1404 of the 
        Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603) and 
        section 393A of the Public Health Service Act (42 
        U.S.C. 280b-1b).
          (4) of the amount granted--
                  (A) not less than 25 percent shall be 
                allocated for law enforcement;
                  (B) not less than 25 percent shall be 
                allocated for prosecutors;
                  (C) not less than 30 percent shall be 
                allocated for victims services of which at 
                least 10 percent shall be distributed to 
                culturally specific community-based 
                organizations; and
                  (D) not less than 5 percent shall be 
                allocated to State and local courts (including 
                juvenile courts); and
          (4) any Federal funds received under this part shall 
        be used to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds 
        that would otherwise be available for activities funded 
        under this subtitle.
          (5) not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, and every year thereafter, not 
        less than 20 percent of the total amount granted to a 
        State under this subchapter shall be allocated for 
        programs or projects in 2 or more allocations listed in 
        paragraph (4) that meaningfully address sexual assault, 
        including stranger rape, acquaintance rape, alcohol or 
        drug-facilitated rape, and rape within the context of 
        an intimate partner relationship.
  (d) Application Requirements.--An application for a grant 
under this section shall include--
          (1) the certifications of qualification required 
        under subsection (c);
          (2) proof of compliance with the requirements for the 
        payment of forensic medical exams and judicial 
        notification, described in section 2010;
          (3) proof of compliance with the requirements for 
        paying fees and costs relating to domestic violence and 
        protection order cases, described in section 2011 of 
        this title;
          (4) proof of compliance with the requirements 
        prohibiting polygraph examinations of victims of sexual 
        assault, described in section 2013 of this title;
          (5) proof of compliance with the requirements 
        regarding protocols to strongly discourage compelling 
        victim testimony, described in section 2017;
          (6) proof of compliance with the requirements 
        regarding civil rights under section 40002(b)(13) of 
        the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 
        1994;
          [(5)] (7) an implementation plan required under 
        subsection (i); and
          [(6)] (8) any other documentation that the Attorney 
        General may require.
  (e) Disbursement.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        receipt of an application under this part, the Attorney 
        General shall--
                  (A) disburse the appropriate sums provided 
                for under this part; or
                  (B) inform the applicant why the application 
                does not conform to the terms of section 513 or 
                to the requirements of this section.
          (2) Regulations.--In disbursing monies under this 
        part, the Attorney General shall issue regulations to 
        ensure that States will--
                  (A) give priority to areas of varying 
                geographic size with the greatest showing of 
                need based on the availability of existing 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, and stalking programs in the 
                population and geographic area to be served in 
                relation to the availability of such programs 
                in other such populations and geographic areas;
                  (B) determine the amount of subgrants based 
                on the population and geographic area to be 
                served;
                  (C) equitably distribute monies on a 
                geographic basis including nonurban and rural 
                areas of various geographic sizes; and
                  (D) recognize and meaningfully respond to the 
                needs of underserved populations and ensure 
                that monies set aside to fund culturally 
                specific services and activities for 
                underserved populations are distributed 
                equitably among those populations.
          (3) Conditions.--In disbursing grants under this 
        part, the Attorney General may impose reasonable 
        conditions on grant awards to ensure that the States 
        meet statutory, regulatory, and other program 
        requirements.
  (f) Federal Share.--The Federal share of a grant made under 
this subtitle may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of 
the projects described in the application submitted, except 
that, for purposes of this subsection, the costs of the 
projects for victim services or tribes for which there is an 
exemption under section 40002(b)(1) of the Violence Against 
Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13925(b)(1)) shall not count 
toward the total costs of the projects.
  (g) Indian Tribes.--Funds appropriated by the Congress for 
the activities of any agency of an Indian tribal government or 
of the Bureau of Indian Affairs performing law enforcement 
functions on any Indian lands may be used to provide the non-
Federal share of the cost of programs or projects funded under 
this part.
  (h) Grantee Reporting.--
          (1) In general.--Upon completion of the grant period 
        under this part, a State or Indian tribal grantee shall 
        file a performance report with the Attorney General 
        explaining the activities carried out, which report 
        shall include an assessment of the effectiveness of 
        those activities in achieving the purposes of this 
        part.
          (2) Certification by grantee and subgrantees.--A 
        section of the performance report shall be completed by 
        each grantee and subgrantee that performed the direct 
        services contemplated in the application, certifying 
        performance of direct services under the grant.
          (3) Suspension of funding.--The Attorney General 
        shall suspend funding for an approved application if--
                  (A) an applicant fails to submit an annual 
                performance report;
                  (B) funds are expended for purposes other 
                than those described in this part; or
                  (C) a report under paragraph (1) or 
                accompanying assessments demonstrate to the 
                Attorney General that the program is 
                ineffective or financially unsound.
  (i) Implementation Plans.--A State applying for a grant under 
this part shall--
          (1) develop an implementation plan in consultation 
        with the entities listed in subsection (c)(2), that 
        identifies how the State will use the funds awarded 
        under this part, including how the State will meet the 
        requirements of subsection (c)(5) and the requirements 
        under section 40002(b) of the Violent Crime Control and 
        Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12291(b)); and
          (2) submit to the Attorney General--
                  (A) the implementation plan developed under 
                paragraph (1);
                  (B) documentation from each member of the 
                planning committee as to their participation in 
                the planning process;
                  (C) documentation from the prosecution, law 
                enforcement, court, and victim services 
                programs to be assisted, describing--
                          (i) the need for the grant funds;
                          (ii) the intended use of the grant 
                        funds;
                          (iii) the expected result of the 
                        grant funds; and
                          (iv) the demographic characteristics 
                        of the populations to be served, 
                        including age, disability, race, 
                        ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender 
                        identity, and language background;
                  (D) a description of how the State will 
                ensure that any subgrantees will consult with 
                victim service providers during the course of 
                developing their grant applications in order to 
                ensure that the proposed activities are 
                designed to promote the safety, 
                confidentiality, and economic independence of 
                victims;
                  (E) demographic data on the distribution of 
                underserved populations within the State and a 
                description of how the State will meet the 
                needs of underserved populations, including the 
                minimum allocation for population specific 
                services required under subsection (c)(4)(C);
                  (F) a description of how the State plans to 
                meet the regulations issued pursuant to 
                subsection (e)(2);
                  (G) goals and objectives for reducing 
                domestic violence-related homicides within the 
                State; and
                  (H) any other information requested by the 
                Attorney General.
  (j) Reallocation of Funds.--A State may use any returned or 
remaining funds for any authorized purpose under this part if--
          (1) funds from a subgrant awarded under this part are 
        returned to the State; or
          (2) the State does not receive sufficient eligible 
        applications to award the full funding within the 
        allocations in subsection (c)(4)
  (k) Reviews for Compliance With Nondiscrimination 
Requirements.--
          (1) In general.--If allegations of discrimination in 
        violation of section 40002(b)(13)(A) of the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12291(b)(13)(A)) 
        by a potential grantee under this part have been made 
        to the Attorney General, the Attorney General shall, 
        prior to awarding a grant under this part to such 
        potential grantee, conduct a review of the compliance 
        of the potential grantee with such section.
          (2) Establishment of rule.--Not later than 1 year 
        after the date of enactment of the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2019, the Attorney General 
        shall by rule establish procedures for such a review.
          (3) Annual report.--Beginning on the date that is 1 
        year after the date of enactment of the Violence 
        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019, the Attorney 
        General shall report to the Committees on the Judiciary 
        of the Senate and of the House of Representatives 
        regarding compliance with section 40002(b)(13)(A) of 
        the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
        12291(b)(13)(A)) by recipients of grants under this 
        part.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 2017. GRANT ELIGIBILITY REGARDING COMPELLING VICTIM TESTIMONY.

  In order to be eligible for a grant under this part, a State, 
Indian tribal government, territorial government, or unit of 
local government shall certify that, not later than 3 years 
after the date of enactment of this section, their laws, 
policies, or practices will include a detailed protocol to 
discourage the use of bench warrants, material witness 
warrants, perjury charges, or other means of compelling victim-
witness testimony in the investigation, prosecution, trial, or 
sentencing of a crime related to the domestic violence, sexual 
assault, dating violence or stalking of the victim.

 PART U-- [GRANTS TO ENCOURAGE ARREST POLICIES] GRANTS TO IMPROVE THE 
                       CRIMINAL JUSTICE RESPONSE

SEC. 2101. GRANTS.

  [(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this part is to encourage 
States, Indian tribal governments, State and local courts 
(including juvenile courts), tribal courts, and units of local 
government to treat domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, and stalking as serious violations of criminal law.]
  (a) General Program Purpose.--The purpose of this part is to 
assist States, State and local courts (including juvenile 
courts), Indian tribal governments, tribal courts, and units of 
local government to develop and strengthen effective law 
enforcement and prosecution strategies to combat violent crimes 
against women, and to develop and strengthen victim services in 
cases involving violent crimes against women.
  (b) Grant Authority.--The Attorney General may make grants to 
eligible grantees for the following purposes:
          (1) To implement [proarrest] offender accountability 
        and homicide reduction programs and policies in police 
        departments, including policies for protection order 
        violations and enforcement of protection orders across 
        State and tribal lines.
          (2) To develop policies, educational programs, 
        protection order registries, data collection systems, 
        and training in police departments to improve tracking 
        of cases and classification of complaints involving 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking. Policies, educational programs, protection 
        order registries, and training described in this 
        paragraph shall incorporate confidentiality, and 
        privacy protections for victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
          (3) To centralize and coordinate police enforcement, 
        prosecution, or judicial responsibility for domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking 
        cases in teams or units of police officers, 
        prosecutors, parole and probation officers, or judges.
          (4) To coordinate computer tracking systems and 
        provide the appropriate training and education about 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking to ensure communication between police, 
        prosecutors, parole and probation officers, and both 
        criminal and family courts.
          (5) To strengthen legal advocacy service programs and 
        other victim services for victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
        including strengthening assistance to such victims in 
        immigration matters.
          (6) To educate Federal, State, tribal, territorial, 
        and local judges, courts, and court-based and court-
        related personnel in criminal and civil courts 
        (including juvenile courts) about domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking and to 
        improve judicial handling of such cases.
          (7) To provide technical assistance and computer and 
        other equipment to police departments, prosecutors, 
        courts, and tribal jurisdictions to facilitate the 
        widespread enforcement of protection orders, including 
        interstate enforcement, enforcement between States and 
        tribal jurisdictions, and enforcement between tribal 
        jurisdictions.
          (8) To develop or strengthen policies and training 
        for police, prosecutors, and the judiciary in 
        recognizing, investigating, and prosecuting instances 
        of domestic violence dating violence, sexual assault, 
        and stalking against [older individuals (as defined in 
        section 102 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 
        U.S.C. 3002))] people 50 years of age or over and 
        [individuals with disabilities (as defined in section 
        3(2) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
        U.S.C. 12102(2)))] people with disabilities (as defined 
        in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
        U.S.C. 12102)).
          (9) To develop State, tribal, territorial, or local 
        policies, procedures, and protocols for preventing dual 
        arrests and prosecutions in cases of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, and to 
        develop effective methods for identifying the pattern 
        and history of abuse that indicates which party is the 
        actual perpetrator of abuse.
          (10) To plan, develop and establish comprehensive 
        victim service and support centers, such as family 
        justice centers, designed to bring together victim 
        advocates from victim service providers, staff from 
        population specific organizations, law enforcement 
        officers, prosecutors, probation officers, governmental 
        victim assistants, forensic medical professionals, 
        civil legal attorneys, chaplains, legal advocates, 
        representatives from community-based organizations and 
        other relevant public or private agencies or 
        organizations into one centralized location, in order 
        to improve safety, access to services, and 
        confidentiality for victims and families. Although 
        funds may be used to support the colocation of project 
        partners under this paragraph, funds may not support 
        construction or major renovation expenses or activities 
        that fall outside of the scope of the other statutory 
        purpose areas.
          (11) To develop and implement policies and training 
        for police, prosecutors, probation and parole officers, 
        and the judiciary in recognizing, investigating, and 
        prosecuting instances of sexual assault, with an 
        emphasis on recognizing the threat to the community for 
        repeat crime perpetration by such individuals.
          (12) To develop, enhance, and maintain protection 
        order registries.
          (13) To develop human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 
        testing programs for sexual assault perpetrators and 
        notification and counseling protocols.
          (14) To develop and implement training programs for 
        prosecutors and other prosecution-related personnel 
        regarding best practices to ensure offender 
        accountability, victim safety, and victim consultation 
        in cases involving domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, and stalking.
          (15) To develop or strengthen policies, protocols, 
        and training for law enforcement, prosecutors, and the 
        judiciary in recognizing, investigating, and 
        prosecuting instances of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking against 
        immigrant victims, including the appropriate use of 
        applications for nonimmigrant status under 
        subparagraphs (T) and (U) of section 101(a)(15) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)).
          (16) To develop and promote State, local, or tribal 
        legislation and policies that enhance best practices 
        for responding to the crimes of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
        including the appropriate treatment of victims.
          (17) To develop, implement, or enhance sexual assault 
        nurse examiner programs or sexual assault forensic 
        examiner programs, including the hiring and training of 
        such examiners.
          (18) To develop, implement, or enhance Sexual Assault 
        Response Teams or similar coordinated community 
        responses to sexual assault.
          (19) To develop and strengthen policies, protocols, 
        and training for law enforcement officers and 
        prosecutors regarding the investigation and prosecution 
        of sexual assault cases and the appropriate treatment 
        of victims, including victims among underserved 
        populations (as defined in section 40002(a)(46) of the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 1994).
          (20) To provide human immunodeficiency virus testing 
        programs, counseling, and prophylaxis for victims of 
        sexual assault.
          (21) To identify and inventory backlogs of sexual 
        assault evidence collection kits and to develop 
        protocols for responding to and addressing such 
        backlogs, including policies and protocols for 
        notifying and involving victims.
          (22) To develop multidisciplinary high-risk teams 
        focusing on reducing domestic violence and dating 
        violence homicides by--
                  (A) using evidence-based indicators to assess 
                the risk of homicide and link high-risk victims 
                to immediate crisis intervention services;
                  (B) identifying and managing high-risk 
                offenders; and
                  (C) providing ongoing victim advocacy and 
                referrals to comprehensive services including 
                legal, housing, health care, and economic 
                assistance.
          (23) To develop and implement alternative methods of 
        reducing crime in communities, to supplant punitive 
        programs or policies. For purposes of this paragraph, a 
        punitive program or policy is a program or policy that 
        (A) imposes a penalty on a victim of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, on the 
        basis of a request by the victim for law enforcement or 
        emergency assistance; or (B) imposes a penalty on such 
        a victim because of criminal activity at the property 
        in which the victim resides.
          (23) To develop and implement an alternative justice 
        response (as such term is defined in section 40002(a) 
        of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994).
          (24) To develop and implement policies, procedures, 
        protocols, laws, regulations, or training to ensure the 
        lawful recovery and storage of any dangerous weapon by 
        the appropriate law enforcement agency from an 
        adjudicated perpetrator of any offense of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, 
        and the return of such weapon when appropriate, where 
        any Federal, State, tribal, or local court has--
                  (A)(i) issued protective or other restraining 
                orders against such a perpetrator; or
                  (ii) found such a perpetrator to be guilty of 
                misdemeanor or felony crimes of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking; and
                  (B) ordered the perpetrator to relinquish 
                dangerous weapons that the perpetrator 
                possesses or has used in the commission of at 
                least one of the aforementioned crimes.
        Policies, procedures, protocols, laws, regulations, or 
        training under this section shall include the safest 
        means of recovery of and best practices for storage of 
        relinquished and recovered dangerous weapons and their 
        return, when applicable, at such time as the persons 
        are no longer prohibited from possessing such weapons 
        under Federal, State, Tribal or municipal law.
  (c) Eligibility.--Eligible grantees are--
          (1) States, Indian tribal governments State and local 
        courts (including juvenile courts), or units of local 
        government that--
          (A) except for a court, certify that their laws or 
        official policies--
                  (i) [encourage or mandate arrests of domestic 
                violence offenders] encourage arrests of 
                offenders based on probable cause that an 
                offense has been committed; and
                  (ii) [encourage or mandate arrest of domestic 
                violence offenders] encourage arrest of 
                offenders who violate the terms of a valid and 
                outstanding protection order;
          (B) except for a court, demonstrate that their laws, 
        policies, or practices and their training programs 
        discourage dual arrests of offender and victim;
          (C) certify that their laws, policies, or practices 
        prohibit issuance of mutual restraining orders of 
        protection except in cases where both parties file a 
        claim and the court makes detailed findings of fact 
        indicating that both parties acted primarily as 
        aggressors and that neither party acted primarily in 
        self-defense;
          (D) certify that their laws, policies, and practices 
        do not require, in connection with the prosecution of 
        any misdemeanor or felony domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking offense, or in 
        connection with the filing, issuance, registration, 
        modification, enforcement, dismissal, or service of a 
        protection order, or a petition for a protection order, 
        to protect a victim of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, stalking, or sexual assault, that the victim 
        bear the costs associated with the filing of criminal 
        charges against the offender, or the costs associated 
        with the filing, issuance, registration, modification, 
        enforcement, dismissal, or service of a warrant, 
        protection order, petition for a protection order, or 
        witness subpoena, whether issued inside or outside the 
        State, tribal, or local jurisdiction;
          (E) certify that, not later than 3 years after the 
        date of enactment of this section, their laws, 
        policies, or practices will ensure that--
                  (i) no law enforcement officer, prosecuting 
                officer or other government official shall ask 
                or require an adult, youth, or child victim of 
                a sex offense as defined under Federal, tribal, 
                State, territorial, or local law to submit to a 
                polygraph examination or other truth telling 
                device as a condition for proceeding with the 
                investigation of, trial of, or sentencing for 
                such an offense; and
                  (ii) the refusal of a victim to submit to an 
                examination described in clause (i) shall not 
                prevent the investigation of, trial of, or 
                sentencing for the offense; and
                  (F) certify that, not later than 3 years 
                after the date of the enactment of this 
                subparagraph, their laws, policies, or 
                practices will include a detailed protocol to 
                strongly discourage the use of bench warrants, 
                material witness warrants, perjury charges, or 
                other means of compelling victim-witness 
                testimony in the investigation, prosecution, 
                trial, or sentencing of a crime related to the 
                domestic violence, sexual assault, dating 
                violence or stalking of the victim.
          (2) a State, tribal, or territorial domestic violence 
        or sexual assault coalition or a victim service 
        provider that partners with a State, Indian tribal 
        government, or unit of local government that certifies 
        that the State, Indian tribal government, or unit of 
        local government meets the requirements under paragraph 
        (1).
  (d) Speedy Notice to Victims.--A State or unit of local 
government shall not be entitled to 5 percent of the funds 
allocated under this part unless the State or unit of local 
government--
          (1) certifies that it has a law, policy, or 
        regulation that requires--
                  (A) the State or unit of local government at 
                the request of a victim to administer to a 
                defendant, against whom an information or 
                indictment is presented for a crime in which by 
                force or threat of force the perpetrator 
                compels the victim to engage in sexual 
                activity, testing for the immunodeficiency 
                virus (HIV) not later than 48 hours after the 
                date on which the information or indictment is 
                presented and the defendant is in custody or 
                has been served with the information or 
                indictment;
                  (B) as soon as practicable notification to 
                the victim, or parent and guardian of the 
                victim, and defendant of the testing results; 
                and
                  (C) follow-up tests for HIV as may be 
                medically appropriate, and that as soon as 
                practicable after each such test the results be 
                made available in accordance with subparagraph 
                (B); or
          (2) gives the Attorney General assurances that its 
        laws and regulations will be in compliance with 
        requirements of paragraph (1) within the later of--
                  (A) the period ending on the date on which 
                the next session of the State legislature ends; 
                or
                  (B) 2 years.
  (e) Allotment for Indian Tribes.--
          (1) In general.--Not less than 10 percent of the 
        total amount available under this section for each 
        fiscal year shall be available for grants under the 
        program authorized by section 2015.
          (2) Applicability of part.--The requirements of this 
        part shall not apply to funds allocated for the program 
        described in paragraph (1).
  (f) Allocation for Tribal Coalitions.--Of the amounts 
appropriated for purposes of this part for each fiscal year, 
not less than 5 percent shall be available for grants under 
section 2001 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg).
  (g) Allocation for Sexual Assault.--Of the amounts 
appropriated for purposes of this part for each fiscal year, 
not less than 25 percent shall be available for projects that 
address sexual assault, including stranger rape, acquaintance 
rape, alcohol or drug-facilitated rape, and rape within the 
context of an intimate partner relationship.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


       VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING AND VIOLENCE PROTECTION ACT OF 2000



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
DIVISION B--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT OF 2000

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


        TITLE II--STRENGTHENING SERVICES TO VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE

SEC. 1201. LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS.

  (a) In General.--The purpose of this section is to enable the 
Attorney General to award grants to increase the availability 
of civil and criminal legal assistance necessary to provide 
effective aid to adult and youth victims of domestic violence, 
dating violence, stalking, or sexual assault who are seeking 
relief in legal matters relating to or arising out of that 
abuse or violence, at minimal or no cost to the victims When 
legal assistance to a dependent is necessary for the safety of 
a victim, such assistance may be provided.. Criminal legal 
assistance provided for under this section shall be limited to 
criminal matters relating to or arising out of domestic 
violence, sexual assault, dating violence, and stalking.
  (b) Definitions and Grant Conditions.--In this section, the 
definitions and grant conditions provided in section 40002 of 
the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 shall apply.
  (c) Legal Assistance for Victims Grants.--The Attorney 
General may award grants under this subsection to private 
nonprofit entities, Indian tribal governments and tribal 
organizations, territorial organizations, and publicly funded 
organizations not acting in a governmental capacity such as law 
schools, and which shall be used--
          (1) to implement, expand, and establish cooperative 
        efforts and projects between domestic violence, dating 
        violence, and sexual assault victims services 
        organizations and legal assistance providers to provide 
        legal assistance for victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, stalking, and sexual assault, or for 
        dependents when necessary for the safety of a victim;
          (2) to implement, expand, and establish efforts and 
        projects to provide legal assistance for victims of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, and 
        sexual assault, or for dependents when necessary for 
        the safety of a victim, by organizations with a 
        demonstrated history of providing direct legal or 
        advocacy services on behalf of these victims; and
          (3) to implement, expand, and establish efforts and 
        projects to provide competent, supervised pro bono 
        legal assistance for victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, or for 
        dependents when necessary for the safety of a victim,, 
        except that not more than 10 percent of the funds 
        awarded under this section may be used for the purpose 
        described in this paragraph.
  (d) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a grant under subsection 
(c), applicants shall certify in writing that--
          (1) any person providing legal assistance through a 
        program funded under this section--
                  (A) has demonstrated expertise in providing 
                legal assistance to victims of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking in the targeted population; or
                  (B)(i) is partnered with an entity or person 
                that has demonstrated expertise described in 
                subparagraph (A); and
                  (ii) has completed, or will complete, 
                training in connection with domestic violence, 
                dating violence, stalking, or sexual assault 
                and related legal issues, including training on 
                evidence-based risk factors for domestic and 
                dating violence homicide;
          (2) any training program conducted in satisfaction of 
        the requirement of paragraph (1) has been or will be 
        developed with input from and in collaboration with a 
        tribal, State, territorial, or local domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault or stalking victim 
        service provider or coalition, as well as appropriate 
        tribal, State, territorial, and local law enforcement 
        officials;
          (3) any person or organization providing legal 
        assistance through a program funded under subsection 
        (c) has informed and will continue to inform State, 
        local, or tribal domestic violence, dating violence, or 
        sexual assault programs and coalitions, as well as 
        appropriate State and local law enforcement officials 
        of their work; and
          (4) the grantee's organizational policies do not 
        require mediation or counseling involving offenders and 
        victims physically together, in cases where sexual 
        assault, domestic violence, dating violence, or child 
        sexual abuse is an issue.
  (e) Evaluation.--The Attorney General may evaluate the grants 
funded under this section through contracts or other 
arrangements with entities expert on domestic violence, dating 
violence, dating violence, stalking, and sexual assault, and on 
evaluation research.
  (f)) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--There is authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this section $57,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 2020 through 
        2024.
          (2) Allocation of funds.--
                  (A) Tribal programs.--Of the amount made 
                available under this subsection in each fiscal 
                year, not less than 10 percent shall be used 
                for grants for programs that assist adult and 
                youth victims of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, stalking, and sexual assault on lands 
                within the jurisdiction of an Indian tribe.
                  (B) Victims of sexual assault.--Of the amount 
                made available under this subsection in each 
                fiscal year, not less than 25 percent shall be 
                used for direct services, training, and 
                technical assistance to support projects 
                focused solely or primarily on providing legal 
                assistance to victims of sexual assault.
          (3) Nonsupplantation.--Amounts made available under 
        this section shall be used to supplement and not 
        supplant other Federal, State, and local funds expended 
        to further the purpose of this section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


        TITLE III--LIMITING THE EFFECTS OF VIOLENCE ON CHILDREN

SEC. 1301. GRANTS TO SUPPORT FAMILIES IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM.

  (a) In General.--The Attorney General may make grants to 
States, units of local government, courts (including juvenile 
courts), Indian tribal governments, nonprofit organizations, 
legal services providers, and victim services providers to 
improve the response of all aspects of the civil and criminal 
justice system to families with a history of domestic violence, 
dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, or in cases 
involving allegations of child sexual abuse.
  (b) Use of Funds.--A grant under this section may be used 
to--
          (1) provide supervised visitation and safe visitation 
        exchange of children and youth by and between parents 
        in situations involving domestic violence, dating 
        violence, child sexual abuse, sexual assault, or 
        stalking;
          (2) develop and promote State, local, and tribal 
        legislation, policies, and best practices for improving 
        civil and criminal court functions, responses, 
        practices, and procedures in cases involving a history 
        of domestic violence or sexual assault, or in cases 
        involving allegations of child sexual abuse, including 
        cases in which the victim proceeds pro se;
          (3) educate court-based and court-related personnel 
        and court-appointed personnel (including custody 
        evaluators and guardians ad litem) and child protective 
        services workers on the dynamics of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
        including information on perpetrator behavior, 
        evidence-based risk factors for domestic and dating 
        violence homicide, and on issues relating to the needs 
        of victims, including safety, security, privacy, and 
        confidentiality, including cases in which the victim 
        proceeds pro se;
          (4) provide appropriate resources in juvenile court 
        matters to respond to dating violence, domestic 
        violence, sexual assault (including child sexual 
        abuse), and stalking and ensure necessary services 
        dealing with the health and mental health of victims 
        are available;
          (5) enable courts or court-based or court-related 
        programs to develop or enhance--
                  (A) court infrastructure (such as specialized 
                courts, consolidated courts, dockets, intake 
                centers, or interpreter services);
                  (B) community-based initiatives within the 
                court system (such as court watch programs, 
                victim assistants, pro se victim assistance 
                programs, or community-based supplementary 
                services);
                  (C) offender management, monitoring, and 
                accountability programs;
                  (D) safe and confidential information-storage 
                and information-sharing databases within and 
                between court systems;
                  (E) education and outreach programs to 
                improve community access, including enhanced 
                access for underserved populations; and
                  (F) other projects likely to improve court 
                responses to domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, and stalking;
          (6) provide civil legal assistance and advocacy 
        services, including legal information and resources in 
        cases in which the victim proceeds pro se, to--
                  (A) victims of domestic violence; and
                  (B) nonoffending parents in matters--
                          (i) that involve allegations of child 
                        sexual abuse;
                          (ii) that relate to family matters, 
                        including civil protection orders, 
                        custody, and divorce; and
                          (iii) in which the other parent is 
                        represented by counsel;
          (7) collect data and provide training and technical 
        assistance, including developing State, local, and 
        tribal model codes and policies, to improve the 
        capacity of grantees and communities to address the 
        civil justice needs of victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking who have 
        legal representation, who are proceeding pro se, or who 
        are proceeding with the assistance of a legal advocate; 
        [and]
          (8) [to improve] improve training and education to 
        assist judges, judicial personnel, attorneys, child 
        welfare personnel, and legal advocates in the civil 
        justice system[.]; and
                  (9) develop and implement an alternative 
                justice response (as such term is defined in 
                section 40002(a) of the Violence Against Women 
                Act of 1994).
  (c) Considerations.--
          (1) In general.--In making grants for purposes 
        described in paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection 
        (b), the Attorney General shall consider--
                  (A) the number of families to be served by 
                the proposed programs and services;
                  (B) the extent to which the proposed programs 
                and services serve underserved populations;
                  (C) the extent to which the applicant 
                demonstrates cooperation and collaboration with 
                nonprofit, nongovernmental entities in the 
                local community with demonstrated histories of 
                effective work on domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking, 
                including State or tribal domestic violence 
                coalitions, State or tribal sexual assault 
                coalitions, local shelters, and programs for 
                domestic violence and sexual assault victims; 
                and
                  (D) the extent to which the applicant 
                demonstrates coordination and collaboration 
                with State, tribal, and local court systems, 
                including mechanisms for communication and 
                referral.
          (2) Other grants.--In making grants under subsection 
        (b)(8) the Attorney General shall take into account the 
        extent to which the grantee has expertise addressing 
        the judicial system's handling of family violence, 
        child custody, child abuse and neglect, adoption, 
        foster care, supervised visitation, divorce, and 
        parentage.
  (d) Applicant Requirements.--The Attorney General may make a 
grant under this section to an applicant that--
          (1) demonstrates expertise in the areas of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, or 
        child sexual abuse, as appropriate;
          (2) ensures that any fees charged to individuals for 
        use of supervised visitation programs and services are 
        based on the income of those individuals, unless 
        otherwise provided by court order;
          (3) for a court-based program, certifies that victims 
        of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking are not charged fees or any other costs 
        related to the filing, petitioning, modifying, 
        issuance, registration, enforcement, withdrawal, or 
        dismissal of matters relating to the domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking;
          (4) demonstrates that adequate security measures, 
        including adequate facilities, procedures, and 
        personnel capable of preventing violence, and adequate 
        standards are, or will be, in place (including the 
        development of protocols or policies to ensure that 
        confidential information is not shared with courts, law 
        enforcement agencies, or child welfare agencies unless 
        necessary to ensure the safety of any child or adult 
        using the services of a program funded under this 
        section), if the applicant proposes to operate 
        supervised visitation programs and services or safe 
        visitation exchange;
          (5) certifies that the organizational policies of the 
        applicant do not require mediation or counseling 
        involving offenders and victims being physically 
        present in the same place, in cases where domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
        is alleged;
          (6) certifies that any person providing legal 
        assistance through a program funded under this section 
        has completed or will complete training on domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking, including child sexual abuse, and related 
        legal issues; and
          (7) certifies that any person providing custody 
        evaluation or guardian ad litem services through a 
        program funded under this section has completed or will 
        complete training developed with input from and in 
        collaboration with a tribal, State, territorial, or 
        local domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking victim service provider or 
        coalition on the dynamics of domestic violence and 
        sexual assault, including child sexual abuse, that 
        includes training on how to review evidence of past 
        abuse and the use of evidenced-based theories to make 
        recommendations on custody and visitation.
  (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out this section, $22,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 2020 through 2024. Amounts 
appropriated pursuant to this subsection shall remain available 
until expended.
  (f) Allotment for Indian Tribes.--
          (1) In general.--Not less than 10 percent of the 
        total amount available under this section for each 
        fiscal year shall be available for grants under the 
        program authorized by section 3796gg-10 of this title.
          (2) Applicability of part.--The requirements of this 
        section shall not apply to funds allocated for the 
        program described in paragraph (1).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


   TITLE IV--STRENGTHENING EDUCATION AND TRAINING TO COMBAT VIOLENCE 
AGAINST WOMEN

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 1402. EDUCATION, TRAINING, AND ENHANCED SERVICES TO END VIOLENCE 
                    AGAINST AND ABUSE OF [WOMEN]  PEOPLE WITH 
                    DISABILITIES.

  (a) In General.--The Attorney General, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Health and Human Services, may award grants to 
eligible entities--
          (1) to provide training, consultation, and 
        information on domestic violence, dating violence, 
        stalking, and sexual assault against [individuals] 
        people with disabilities (as defined in section 3 of 
        the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
        12102)); and
          (2) to enhance direct services to such [individuals] 
        people.
  (b) Use of Funds.--Grants awarded under this section shall be 
used--
          (1) to provide personnel, training, technical 
        assistance, advocacy, intervention, risk reduction 
        (including using evidence-based indicators to assess 
        the risk of domestic and dating violence homicide) and 
        prevention of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        stalking, and sexual assault against [disabled 
        individuals] people with disabilities;
          (2) to conduct outreach activities to ensure that 
        [disabled individuals] people with disabilities who are 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        stalking, or sexual assault receive appropriate 
        assistance;
          (3) to conduct cross-training for victim service 
        organizations, governmental agencies, courts, law 
        enforcement and other first responders, and nonprofit, 
        nongovernmental organizations serving individuals with 
        disabilities about risk reduction, intervention, 
        prevention and the nature of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, stalking, and sexual assault for [disabled 
        individuals] people with disabilities;
          (4) to provide technical assistance to assist with 
        modifications to existing policies, protocols, and 
        procedures to ensure equal access to the services, 
        programs, and activities of victim service providers 
        for [disabled individuals] people with disabilities;
          (5) to provide training and technical assistance on 
        the requirements of shelters and victim service 
        providers under Federal antidiscrimination laws, 
        including--
                  (A) the Americans with Disabilities Act of 
                1990; and
                  (B) section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 
                1973;
          (6) to modify facilities, purchase equipment, and 
        provide personnel so that shelters and victim service 
        organizations can accommodate the needs of [disabled 
        individuals] people with disabilities;
          (7) to provide advocacy and intervention services for 
        [disabled individuals] people with disabilities who are 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        stalking, or sexual assault; or
          (8) to develop model programs [providing advocacy and 
        intervention services within] to enhance the capacity 
        of organizations serving [disabled individuals] people 
        with disabilities who are victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
  (c) Eligible Entities.--
          (1) In general.--An entity shall be eligible to 
        receive a grant under this section if the entity is--
                  (A) a State;
                  (B) a unit of local government;
                  (C) an Indian tribal government or tribal 
                organization; or
                  (D) a victim service provider, such as a 
                State or tribal domestic violence or sexual 
                assault coalition or a nonprofit, 
                nongovernmental organization serving [disabled 
                individuals] people with disabilities.
          (2) Limitation.--A grant awarded for the purpose 
        described in subsection (b)(8) shall only be awarded to 
        an eligible agency (as defined in section 410 of the 
        Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 796f-5)).
  (d) Underserved Populations.--In awarding grants under this 
section, the Director shall ensure that the needs of 
underserved populations are being addressed.
  (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated $9,000,000 for each of fiscal years [2014 
through 2018] 2020 through 2024 to carry out this section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 
                                  2005



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
    TITLE I--ENHANCING JUDICIAL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT TOOLS TO COMBAT 
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 120. GRANTS FOR OUTREACH AND SERVICES TO UNDERSERVED POPULATIONS.

  (a) Grants authorized.--
          (1) In general.--Of the amounts appropriated under 
        the grant programs identified in paragraph (2), the 
        Attorney General shall take 2 percent of such 
        appropriated amounts and combine them to award grants 
        to eligible entities described in subsection (b) of 
        this section to develop and implement outreach 
        strategies targeted at adult or youth victims of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking in underserved populations and to provide 
        victim services to meet the needs of adult and youth 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking in underserved populations. The 
        requirements of the grant programs identified in 
        paragraph (2) shall not apply to this grant program.
          (2) Programs covered.--The programs covered by 
        paragraph (1) are the programs carried out under the 
        following provisions:
                  (A) Section 2001 of the Omnibus Crime Control 
                and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (Grants to Combat 
                Violent Crimes Against Women).
                  (B) Section 2101 of the Omnibus Crime Control 
                and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (Grants to 
                Encourage Arrest Policies and Enforcement of 
                Protection Orders Program).
  (b) Eligible Entities.--Eligible entities under this section 
are--
          (1) population specific organizations that have 
        demonstrated experience and expertise in providing 
        population specific services in the relevant 
        underserved communities, or population specific 
        organizations working in partnership with a victim 
        service provider or domestic violence or sexual assault 
        coalition;
          (2) victim service providers offering population 
        specific services for a specific underserved 
        population; or
          (3) victim service providers working in partnership 
        with a national, State, tribal, or local organization 
        that has demonstrated experience and expertise in 
        providing population specific services in the relevant 
        underserved population.
  (c) Planning Grants.--The Attorney General may use up to 25 
percent of funds available under this section to make one-time 
planning grants to eligible entities to support the planning 
and development of specially designed and targeted programs for 
adult and youth victims in one or more underserved populations, 
including--
          (1) identifying, building and strengthening 
        partnerships with potential collaborators within 
        underserved populations, Federal, State, tribal, 
        territorial or local government entities, and public 
        and private organizations;
          (2) conducting a needs assessment of the community 
        and the targeted underserved population or populations 
        to determine what the barriers are to service access 
        and what factors contribute to those barriers, using 
        input from the targeted underserved population or 
        populations;
          (3) identifying promising prevention, outreach and 
        intervention strategies for victims from a targeted 
        underserved population or populations; and
          (4) developing a plan, with the input of the targeted 
        underserved population or populations, for implementing 
        prevention, outreach and intervention strategies to 
        address the barriers to accessing services, promoting 
        community engagement in the prevention of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking 
        within the targeted underserved populations, and 
        evaluating the program.
  (d) Implementation Grants.--The Attorney General shall make 
grants to eligible entities for the purpose of providing or 
enhancing population specific outreach and services to adult 
and youth victims in one or more underserved populations, 
including--
          (1) working with Federal, State, tribal, territorial 
        and local governments, agencies, and organizations to 
        develop or enhance population specific services;
          (2) strengthening the capacity of underserved 
        populations to provide population specific services;
          (3) strengthening the capacity of traditional victim 
        service providers to provide population specific 
        services;
          (4) strengthening the effectiveness of criminal and 
        civil justice interventions by providing training for 
        law enforcement, prosecutors, judges and other court 
        personnel on domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking in underserved populations; or
          (5) working in cooperation with an underserved 
        population to develop and implement outreach, 
        education, prevention, and intervention strategies that 
        highlight available resources and the specific issues 
        faced by victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking from underserved 
        populations.
  (e) Application.--An eligible entity desiring a grant under 
this section shall submit an application to the Director of the 
Office on Violence Against Women at such time, in such form, 
and in such manner as the Director may prescribe.
  (f) Reports.--Each eligible entity receiving a grant under 
this section shall submit to the Director of the Office on 
Violence Against Women a report that describes the activities 
carried out with grant funds.
  (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--In addition to the 
funds identified in subsection (a)(1), there are authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
  (h) Definitions and Grant Conditions.--In this section the 
definitions and grant conditions in section 40002 of the 
Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13925) shall 
apply.

SEC. 121. ENHANCING CULTURALLY SPECIFIC SERVICES FOR VICTIMS OF 
                    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, 
                    AND STALKING.

  (a) Establishment.--
          (1) In general.--Of the amounts appropriated under 
        certain grant programs identified in paragraph (a)(2) 
        of this Section, the Attorney General, through the 
        Director of [the Violence Against Women Office] the 
        Office on Violence Against Women (referred to in this 
        section as the ``Director''), shall take 5 percent of 
        such appropriated amounts and combine them to establish 
        a new grant program to enhance culturally specific 
        services for victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking. Grants made 
        under this new program shall be administered by the 
        Director. The requirements of the grant programs 
        identified in paragraph (2) shall not apply to this new 
        grant program.
          (2) Programs covered.--The programs covered by 
        paragraph (1) are the programs carried out under the 
        following provisions:
                  (A) Section 2101 of the Omnibus Crime Control 
                and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (Grants to 
                Encourage Arrest Policies and Enforcement of 
                Protection Orders).
                  (B) Section 14201 of division B of the 
                Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection 
                Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-6) (Legal 
                Assistance for Victims).
                  (C) Section 40295 of the Violence Against 
                Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13971) (Rural 
                Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual 
                Assault, Stalking, and Child Abuse Enforcement 
                Assistance).
                  (D) Section 40802 of the Violence Against 
                Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14041a) (Enhanced 
                Training and Services to End Violence Against 
                Women Later in Life).
                  (E) Section 1402 of division B of the Victims 
                of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 
                2000 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-7) (Education, Training, 
                and Enhanced Services to End Violence Against 
                and Abuse of Women with Disabilities).
  (b) Purpose of Program and Grants.--
          (1) General program purpose.--The purpose of the 
        program required by this section is to promote:
                  (A) The maintenance and replication of 
                existing successful services in domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                stalking community-based programs providing 
                culturally specific services and other 
                resources.
                  (B) The development of innovative culturally 
                specific strategies and projects to enhance 
                access to services and resources for victims of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, and stalking who face obstacles to 
                using more traditional services and resources.
          (2) Purposes for which grants may be used.--The 
        Director shall make grants to community-based programs 
        for the purpose of enhancing culturally specific 
        services for victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking. Grants under 
        the program shall support community-based efforts to 
        address distinctive cultural responses to domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking, including--
                  (A) working with State and local governments 
                and social service agencies to develop and 
                enhance effective strategies to provide 
                culturally specific services to victims of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, and stalking;
                  (B) increasing communities' capacity to 
                provide culturally specific resources and 
                support for victims of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking 
                crimes and their families;
                  (C) strengthening criminal justice 
                interventions, by providing training for law 
                enforcement, prosecution, courts, probation, 
                and correctional facilities on culturally 
                specific responses to domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, and stalking;
                  (D) enhancing traditional services to victims 
                of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, and stalking through the leadership of 
                culturally specific programs offering services 
                to victims of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, and stalking;
                  (E) working in cooperation with the community 
                to develop education and prevention strategies 
                highlighting culturally specific issues and 
                resources regarding victims of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                stalking;
                  (F) providing culturally specific programs 
                for children exposed to domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking;
                  (G) providing culturally specific resources 
                and services that address the safety, economic, 
                housing, and workplace needs of victims of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking, including emergency 
                assistance; or
                  (H) examining the dynamics of culture and its 
                impact on victimization and healing.
          (3) Technical Assistance and Training.--The Director 
        shall provide technical assistance and training to 
        grantees of this and other programs under this Act 
        regarding the development and provision of effective 
        culturally specific community-based services by 
        entering into cooperative agreements or contracts with 
        an organization or organizations having a demonstrated 
        expertise in and whose primary purpose is addressing 
        the development and provision of culturally specific 
        community-based services to victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking.
  (c) Eligible Entities.--Eligible entities for grants under 
this Section include--
          (1) community-based programs whose primary purpose is 
        providing culturally specific services to victims of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking; and
          (2) community-based programs whose primary purpose is 
        providing culturally specific services who can partner 
        with a program having demonstrated expertise in serving 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking.
  (d) Reporting.--The Director shall issue a biennial report on 
the distribution of funding under this section, the progress 
made in replicating and supporting increased services to 
victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
and stalking who face obstacles to using more traditional 
services and resources, and the types of culturally accessible 
programs, strategies, technical assistance, and training 
developed or enhanced through this program.
  (e) Grant Period.--The Director shall award grants for a 2-
year period, with a possible extension of another 2 years to 
implement projects under the grant.
  (f) Evaluation.--The Director shall award a contract or 
cooperative agreement to evaluate programs under this section 
to an entity with the demonstrated expertise in and primary 
goal of providing enhanced cultural access to services and 
resources for victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
sexual assault, and stalking who face obstacles to using more 
traditional services and resources.
  (g) Non-Exclusivity.--Nothing in this Section shall be 
interpreted to exclude culturally specific community-based 
programs from applying to other grant programs authorized under 
this Act.
  (h) Definitions and Grant Conditions.--In this section the 
definitions and grant conditions in section 40002 of the 
Violence Against Women Act of 1994 shall apply.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


   TITLE III--SERVICES, PROTECTION, AND JUSTICE FOR YOUNG VICTIMS OF 
VIOLENCE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 304. GRANTS TO COMBAT VIOLENT CRIMES ON CAMPUSES.

  (a) Grants Authorized.--
          (1) In general.--The Attorney General is authorized 
        to make grants to institutions of higher education, for 
        use by such institutions or consortia consisting of 
        campus personnel, student organizations, campus 
        administrators, security personnel, and regional crisis 
        centers affiliated with the institution, to develop and 
        strengthen effective security and investigation 
        strategies to combat domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking on campuses, to 
        develop and strengthen victim services in cases 
        involving such crimes on campuses, which may include 
        partnerships with local criminal justice authorities 
        and community-based victim services agencies, and to 
        develop and strengthen prevention education and 
        awareness programs.
          (2) Award basis.--The Attorney General shall award 
        grants and contracts under this section on a 
        competitive basis for a period of 3 years. The Attorney 
        General, through the Director of the Office on Violence 
        Against Women, shall award the grants in amounts of not 
        more than $300,000 for individual institutions of 
        higher education and not more than $1,000,000 for 
        consortia of such institutions.
          (3) Equitable participation.--The Attorney General 
        shall make every effort to ensure--
                  (A) the equitable participation of private 
                and public institutions of higher education in 
                the activities assisted under this section;
                  (B) the equitable geographic distribution of 
                grants under this section among the various 
                regions of the United States; and
                  (C) the equitable distribution of grants 
                under this section to tribal colleges and 
                universities and traditionally black colleges 
                and universities.
  (b) Use of Grant Funds.--Grant funds awarded under this 
section may be used for the following purposes:
          (1) To provide personnel, training, technical 
        assistance, data collection, and other equipment with 
        respect to the increased apprehension, investigation, 
        and adjudication of persons committing domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking 
        on campus.
          (2) To develop, strengthen, and implement campus 
        policies, protocols, and services that more effectively 
        identify and respond to the crimes of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault and stalking, 
        including the use of technology to commit these crimes, 
        and to train campus administrators, campus security 
        personnel, and personnel serving on campus disciplinary 
        or judicial boards on such policies, protocols, and 
        services. [Within 90 days after the date of enactment 
        of this Act, the Attorney General shall issue and make 
        available minimum standards of training relating to 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking on campus, for all campus security personnel 
        and personnel serving on campus disciplinary or 
        judicial boards.]
          [(3) To implement and operate education programs for 
        the prevention of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, and stalking.]
          (3) To provide prevention and education programming 
        about domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking, including technological abuse 
        and reproductive and sexual coercion, that is age-
        appropriate, culturally relevant, ongoing, delivered in 
        multiple venues on campus, accessible, promotes 
        respectful nonviolent behavior as a social norm, and 
        engages men and boys. Such programming should be 
        developed in partnership or collaboratively with 
        experts in intimate partner and sexual violence 
        prevention and intervention.
          (4) To develop, enlarge, or strengthen victim 
        services programs and population specific services on 
        the campuses of the institutions involved, including 
        programs providing legal, medical, or psychological 
        counseling, for victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking, and to improve 
        delivery of victim assistance on campus. To the extent 
        practicable, such an institution shall collaborate with 
        any victim service providers in the community in which 
        the institution is located. If appropriate victim 
        services programs are not available in the community or 
        are not accessible to students, the institution shall, 
        to the extent practicable, provide a victim services 
        program on campus or create a victim services program 
        in collaboration with a community-based organization. 
        The institution shall use not less than 20 percent of 
        the funds made available through the grant for a victim 
        services program provided in accordance with this 
        paragraph, regardless of whether the services are 
        provided by the institution or in coordination with 
        community victim service providers.
          (5) To create, disseminate, or otherwise provide 
        assistance and information about victims' options on 
        and off campus to bring disciplinary or other legal 
        action, including assistance to victims in immigration 
        matters.
          (6) To develop, install, or expand data collection 
        and communication systems, including computerized 
        systems, linking campus security to the local law 
        enforcement for the purpose of identifying and tracking 
        arrests, protection orders, violations of protection 
        orders, prosecutions, and convictions with respect to 
        the crimes of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, and stalking on campus.
          (7) To provide capital improvements (including 
        improved lighting and communications facilities but not 
        including the construction of buildings) on campuses to 
        address the crimes of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
          (8) To support improved coordination among campus 
        administrators, campus security personnel, and local 
        law enforcement to reduce domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking on campus.
          (9) To develop or adapt [and provide], provide, and 
        disseminate developmental, culturally appropriate, and 
        linguistically accessible print or electronic materials 
        to address both prevention and intervention in domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual violence, and 
        stalking.
          (10) To develop or adapt and disseminate population 
        specific strategies and projects for victims of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking from underserved populations on campus.
          (11) To train campus health centers on how to 
        recognize and respond to domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking, including 
        training health providers on how to provide universal 
        education to all members of the campus community on the 
        impacts of violence on health and unhealthy 
        relationships and how providers can support ongoing 
        outreach efforts.
  (c) Applications.--
          (1) In general.--In order to be eligible to be 
        awarded a grant under this section for any fiscal year, 
        an institution of higher education shall submit an 
        application to the Attorney General at such time and in 
        such manner as the Attorney General shall prescribe.
          (2) Contents.--Each application submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                  (A) describe the need for grant funds and the 
                plan for implementation for any of the purposes 
                described in subsection (b);
                  (B) include proof that the institution of 
                higher education collaborated with victim 
                service providers, including domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking 
                victim services programs in the community in 
                which the institution is located;
                  (C) describe the characteristics of the 
                population being served, including type of 
                campus, demographics of the population, and 
                number of students;
                  (D) describe how underserved populations in 
                the campus community will be adequately served, 
                including the provision of relevant population 
                specific services;
                  (E) provide measurable goals and expected 
                results from the use of the grant funds;
                  (F) provide assurances that the Federal funds 
                made available under this section shall be used 
                to supplement and, to the extent practical, 
                increase the level of funds that would, in the 
                absence of Federal funds, be made available by 
                the institution for the purposes described in 
                subsection (b); and
                  (G) include such other information and 
                assurances as the Attorney General reasonably 
                determines to be necessary.
          (3) Compliance with campus crime reporting 
        required.--No institution of higher education shall be 
        eligible for a grant under this section unless such 
        institution is in compliance with the requirements of 
        section 485(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1092(f)). Up to $200,000 of the total amount of 
        grant funds appropriated under this section for fiscal 
        years [2014 through 2018] 2020 through 2024 may be used 
        to provide technical assistance in complying with the 
        mandatory reporting requirements of section 485(f) of 
        such Act.
  (d) General Terms and Conditions.--
          (1) Nonmonetary assistance.--In addition to the 
        assistance provided under this section, the Attorney 
        General may request any Federal agency to use the 
        agency's authorities and the resources granted to the 
        agency under Federal law (including personnel, 
        equipment, supplies, facilities, and managerial, 
        technical, and advisory services) in support of campus 
        security, and investigation and victim service efforts.
          (2) Grantee reporting.--
                  (A) Annual Report.--Each institution of 
                higher education receiving a grant under this 
                section shall submit a performance report to 
                the Attorney General. The Attorney General 
                shall suspend funding under this section for an 
                institution of higher education if the 
                institution fails to submit such a report.
                  (B) Final report.--Upon completion of the 
                grant period under this section, the 
                institution shall file a performance report 
                with the Attorney General and the Secretary of 
                Education explaining the activities carried out 
                under this section together with an assessment 
                of the effectiveness of those activities in 
                achieving the purposes described in subsection 
                (b).
          (3) Grantee minimum requirements.--Each grantee shall 
        comply with the following minimum requirements during 
        the grant period:
                  (A) The grantee shall create a coordinated 
                community response including both organizations 
                external to the institution and relevant 
                divisions of the institution.
                  (B) The grantee shall establish a mandatory 
                prevention and education program on domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                stalking [for all incoming students] for all 
                students.
                  (C) The grantee shall train all campus law 
                enforcement to respond effectively to domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                stalking.
                  (D) The grantee shall train all members of 
                campus disciplinary boards to respond 
                effectively to situations involving domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking.
          (4) Report to congress.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the end of the fiscal year for which grants are 
        awarded under this section, the Attorney General shall 
        submit to Congress a report that includes--
                  (A) the number of grants, and the amount of 
                funds, distributed under this section;
                  (B) a summary of the purposes for which the 
                grants were provided and an evaluation of the 
                progress made under the grant;
                  (C) a statistical summary of the persons 
                served, detailing the nature of victimization, 
                and providing data on age, sex, sexual 
                orientation, gender identity, race, ethnicity, 
                language, disability, relationship to offender, 
                geographic distribution, and type of campus; 
                and
                  (D) an evaluation of the effectiveness of 
                programs funded under this part.
  (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--For the purpose of 
carrying out this section, there is authorized to be 
appropriated [$12,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018] $16,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
  (f) Repeal.--Section 826 of the Higher Education Amendments 
of 1998 (20 U.S.C. 1152) is repealed.
  (g) Definitions and Grant Conditions.--In this section the 
definitions and grant conditions in section 40002 of the 
Violence Against Women Act of 1994 shall apply.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE IV--STRENGTHENING AMERICA'S FAMILIES BY PREVENTING VIOLENCE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 402. STUDY CONDUCTED BY THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND 
                    PREVENTION.

  (a) Purposes.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services 
acting through the National Center for Injury Prevention and 
Control at the Centers for Disease Control Prevention shall 
make grants to entities, including domestic and sexual assault 
coalitions and programs, research organizations, tribal 
organizations, and academic institutions to support research to 
examine prevention and intervention programs to further the 
understanding of sexual and domestic violence by and against 
adults, youth, and children.
  (b) Use of Funds.--The research conducted under this section 
shall include evaluation and study of best practices for 
reducing and preventing [violence against women] violence 
against adults, youth, and children addressed by the strategies 
included in Department of Health and Human Services-related 
provisions this title, including strategies addressing 
underserved communities.
  (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There shall be 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title 
$1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 
2020 through 2024.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                      TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
PART I--CRIMES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                          CHAPTER 44--FIREARMS

Sec.
921. Definitions.
     * * * * * * *
925B. Reporting of background check denials to state, local, and tribal 
          authorities.
925C. Special assistant U.S. attorneys and cross-deputized attorneys.

Sec. 921. Definitions

  (a) As used in this chapter--
  (1) The term ``person'' and the term ``whoever'' include any 
individual, corporation, company, association, firm, 
partnership, society, or joint stock company.
  (2) The term ``interstate or foreign commerce'' includes 
commerce between any place in a State and any place outside of 
that State, or within any possession of the United States (not 
including the Canal Zone) or the District of Columbia, but such 
term does not include commerce between places within the same 
State but through any place outside of that State. The term 
``State'' includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth 
of Puerto Rico, and the possessions of the United States (not 
including the Canal Zone).
  (3) The term ``firearm'' means (A) any weapon (including a 
starter gun) which will or is designed to or may readily be 
converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive; 
(B) the frame or receiver of any such weapon; (C) any firearm 
muffler or firearm silencer; or (D) any destructive device. 
Such term does not include an antique firearm.
  (4) The term ``destructive device'' means--
          (A) any explosive, incendiary, or poison gas--
                  (i) bomb,
                  (ii) grenade,
                  (iii) rocket having a propellant charge of 
                more than four ounces,
                  (iv) missile having an explosive or 
                incendiary charge of more than one-quarter 
                ounce,
                  (v) mine, or
                  (vi) device similar to any of the devices 
                described in the preceding clauses;
          (B) any type of weapon (other than a shotgun or a 
        shotgun shell which the Attorney General finds is 
        generally recognized as particularly suitable for 
        sporting purposes) by whatever name known which will, 
        or which may be readily converted to, expel a 
        projectile by the action of an explosive or other 
        propellant, and which has any barrel with a bore of 
        more than one-half inch in diameter; and
          (C) any combination of parts either designed or 
        intended for use in converting any device into any 
        destructive device described in subparagraph (A) or (B) 
        and from which a destructive device may be readily 
        assembled.
The term ``destructive device'' shall not include any device 
which is neither designed nor redesigned for use as a weapon; 
any device, although originally designed for use as a weapon, 
which is redesigned for use as a signaling, pyrotechnic, line 
throwing, safety, or similar device; surplus ordnance sold, 
loaned, or given by the Secretary of the Army pursuant to the 
provisions of section 7684(2), 7685, or 7686 of title 10; or 
any other device which the Attorney General finds is not likely 
to be used as a weapon, is an antique, or is a rifle which the 
owner intends to use solely for sporting, recreational or 
cultural purposes.
  (5) The term ``shotgun'' means a weapon designed or 
redesigned, made or remade, and intended to be fired from the 
shoulder and designed or redesigned and made or remade to use 
the energy of an explosive to fire through a smooth bore either 
a number of ball shot or a single projectile for each single 
pull of the trigger.
  (6) The term ``short-barreled shotgun'' means a shotgun 
having one or more barrels less than eighteen inches in length 
and any weapon made from a shotgun (whether by alteration, 
modification or otherwise) if such a weapon as modified has an 
overall length of less than twenty-six inches.
  (7) The term ``rifle'' means a weapon designed or redesigned, 
made or remade, and intended to be fired from the shoulder and 
designed or redesigned and made or remade to use the energy of 
an explosive to fire only a single projectile through a rifled 
bore for each single pull of the trigger.
  (8) The term ``short-barreled rifle'' means a rifle having 
one or more barrels less than sixteen inches in length and any 
weapon made from a rifle (whether by alteration, modification, 
or otherwise) if such weapon, as modified, has an overall 
length of less than twenty-six inches.
  (9) The term ``importer'' means any person engaged in the 
business of importing or bringing firearms or ammunition into 
the United States for purposes of sale or distribution; and the 
term ``licensed importer'' means any such person licensed under 
the provisions of this chapter.
  (10) The term ``manufacturer'' means any person engaged in 
the business of manufacturing firearms or ammunition for 
purposes of sale or distribution; and the term ``licensed 
manufacturer'' means any such person licensed under the 
provisions of this chapter.
  (11) The term ``dealer'' means (A) any person engaged in the 
business of selling firearms at wholesale or retail, (B) any 
person engaged in the business of repairing firearms or of 
making or fitting special barrels, stocks, or trigger 
mechanisms to firearms, or (C) any person who is a pawnbroker. 
The term ``licensed dealer'' means any dealer who is licensed 
under the provisions of this chapter.
  (12) The term ``pawnbroker'' means any person whose business 
or occupation includes the taking or receiving, by way of 
pledge or pawn, of any firearm as security for the payment or 
repayment of money.
  (13) The term ``collector'' means any person who acquires, 
holds, or disposes of firearms as curios or relics, as the 
Attorney General shall by regulation define, and the term 
``licensed collector'' means any such person licensed under the 
provisions of this chapter.
  (14) The term ``indictment'' includes an indictment or 
information in any court under which a crime punishable by 
imprisonment for a term exceeding one year may be prosecuted.
  (15) The term ``fugitive from justice'' means any person who 
has fled from any State to avoid prosecution for a crime or to 
avoid giving testimony in any criminal proceeding.
  (16) The term ``antique firearm'' means--
          (A) any firearm (including any firearm with a 
        matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type 
        of ignition system) manufactured in or before 1898; or
          (B) any replica of any firearm described in 
        subparagraph (A) if such replica--
                  (i) is not designed or redesigned for using 
                rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed 
                ammunition, or
                  (ii) uses rimfire or conventional centerfire 
                fixed ammunition which is no longer 
                manufactured in the United States and which is 
                not readily available in the ordinary channels 
                of commercial trade; or
          (C) any muzzle loading rifle, muzzle loading shotgun, 
        or muzzle loading pistol, which is designed to use 
        black powder, or a black powder substitute, and which 
        cannot use fixed ammunition. For purposes of this 
        subparagraph, the term ``antique firearm'' shall not 
        include any weapon which incorporates a firearm frame 
        or receiver, any firearm which is converted into a 
        muzzle loading weapon, or any muzzle loading weapon 
        which can be readily converted to fire fixed ammunition 
        by replacing the barrel, bolt, breechblock, or any 
        combination thereof.
  (17)(A) The term ``ammunition'' means ammunition or cartridge 
cases, primers, bullets, or propellent powder designed for use 
in any firearm.
  (B) The term ``armor piercing ammunition'' means--
          (i) a projectile or projectile core which may be used 
        in a handgun and which is constructed entirely 
        (excluding the presence of traces of other substances) 
        from one or a combination of tungsten alloys, steel, 
        iron, brass, bronze, beryllium copper, or depleted 
        uranium; or
          (ii) a full jacketed projectile larger than .22 
        caliber designed and intended for use in a handgun and 
        whose jacket has a weight of more than 25 percent of 
        the total weight of the projectile.
  (C) The term ``armor piercing ammunition'' does not include 
shotgun shot required by Federal or State environmental or game 
regulations for hunting purposes, a frangible projectile 
designed for target shooting, a projectile which the Attorney 
General finds is primarily intended to be used for sporting 
purposes, or any other projectile or projectile core which the 
Attorney General finds is intended to be used for industrial 
purposes, including a charge used in an oil and gas well 
perforating device.
  (18) The term ``Attorney General'' means the Attorney General 
of the United States
  (19) The term ``published ordinance'' means a published law 
of any political subdivision of a State which the Attorney 
General determines to be relevant to the enforcement of this 
chapter and which is contained on a list compiled by the 
Attorney General, which list shall be published in the Federal 
Register, revised annually, and furnished to each licensee 
under this chapter.
  (20) The term ``crime punishable by imprisonment for a term 
exceeding one year'' does not include--
          (A) any Federal or State offenses pertaining to 
        antitrust violations, unfair trade practices, 
        restraints of trade, or other similar offenses relating 
        to the regulation of business practices, or
          (B) any State offense classified by the laws of the 
        State as a misdemeanor and punishable by a term of 
        imprisonment of two years or less.
What constitutes a conviction of such a crime shall be 
determined in accordance with the law of the jurisdiction in 
which the proceedings were held. Any conviction which has been 
expunged, or set aside or for which a person has been pardoned 
or has had civil rights restored shall not be considered a 
conviction for purposes of this chapter, unless such pardon, 
expungement, or restoration of civil rights expressly provides 
that the person may not ship, transport, possess, or receive 
firearms.
  (21) The term ``engaged in the business'' means--
          (A) as applied to a manufacturer of firearms, a 
        person who devotes time, attention, and labor to 
        manufacturing firearms as a regular course of trade or 
        business with the principal objective of livelihood and 
        profit through the sale or distribution of the firearms 
        manufactured;
          (B) as applied to a manufacturer of ammunition, a 
        person who devotes time, attention, and labor to 
        manufacturing ammunition as a regular course of trade 
        or business with the principal objective of livelihood 
        and profit through the sale or distribution of the 
        ammunition manufactured;
          (C) as applied to a dealer in firearms, as defined in 
        section 921(a)(11)(A), a person who devotes time, 
        attention, and labor to dealing in firearms as a 
        regular course of trade or business with the principal 
        objective of livelihood and profit through the 
        repetitive purchase and resale of firearms, but such 
        term shall not include a person who makes occasional 
        sales, exchanges, or purchases of firearms for the 
        enhancement of a personal collection or for a hobby, or 
        who sells all or part of his personal collection of 
        firearms;
          (D) as applied to a dealer in firearms, as defined in 
        section 921(a)(11)(B), a person who devotes time, 
        attention, and labor to engaging in such activity as a 
        regular course of trade or business with the principal 
        objective of livelihood and profit, but such term shall 
        not include a person who makes occasional repairs of 
        firearms, or who occasionally fits special barrels, 
        stocks, or trigger mechanisms to firearms;
          (E) as applied to an importer of firearms, a person 
        who devotes time, attention, and labor to importing 
        firearms as a regular course of trade or business with 
        the principal objective of livelihood and profit 
        through the sale or distribution of the firearms 
        imported; and
          (F) as applied to an importer of ammunition, a person 
        who devotes time, attention, and labor to importing 
        ammunition as a regular course of trade or business 
        with the principal objective of livelihood and profit 
        through the sale or distribution of the ammunition 
        imported.
  (22) The term ``with the principal objective of livelihood 
and profit'' means that the intent underlying the sale or 
disposition of firearms is predominantly one of obtaining 
livelihood and pecuniary gain, as opposed to other intents, 
such as improving or liquidating a personal firearms 
collection: Provided, That proof of profit shall not be 
required as to a person who engages in the regular and 
repetitive purchase and disposition of firearms for criminal 
purposes or terrorism. For purposes of this paragraph, the term 
``terrorism'' means activity, directed against United States 
persons, which--
          (A) is committed by an individual who is not a 
        national or permanent resident alien of the United 
        States;
          (B) involves violent acts or acts dangerous to human 
        life which would be a criminal violation if committed 
        within the jurisdiction of the United States; and
          (C) is intended--
                  (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian 
                population;
                  (ii) to influence the policy of a government 
                by intimidation or coercion; or
                  (iii) to affect the conduct of a government 
                by assassination or kidnapping.
  (23) The term ``machinegun'' has the meaning given such term 
in section 5845(b) of the National Firearms Act (26 U.S.C. 
5845(b)).
  (24) The terms ``firearm silencer'' and ``firearm muffler'' 
mean any device for silencing, muffling, or diminishing the 
report of a portable firearm, including any combination of 
parts, designed or redesigned, and intended for use in 
assembling or fabricating a firearm silencer or firearm 
muffler, and any part intended only for use in such assembly or 
fabrication.
  (25) The term ``school zone'' means--
          (A) in, or on the grounds of, a public, parochial or 
        private school; or
          (B) within a distance of 1,000 feet from the grounds 
        of a public, parochial or private school.
  (26) The term ``school'' means a school which provides 
elementary or secondary education, as determined under State 
law.
  (27) The term ``motor vehicle'' has the meaning given such 
term in section 13102 of title 49, United States Code.
  (28) The term ``semiautomatic rifle'' means any repeating 
rifle which utilizes a portion of the energy of a firing 
cartridge to extract the fired cartridge case and chamber the 
next round, and which requires a separate pull of the trigger 
to fire each cartridge.
  (29) The term ``handgun'' means--
          (A) a firearm which has a short stock and is designed 
        to be held and fired by the use of a single hand; and
          (B) any combination of parts from which a firearm 
        described in subparagraph (A) can be assembled.
  (32) The term ``intimate partner'' [means, with respect to a 
person, the spouse of the person, a former spouse of the 
person, an individual who is a parent of a child of the person, 
and an individual who cohabitates or has cohabited with the 
person.] --
          (A) means, with respect to a person, the spouse of 
        the person, a former spouse of the person, an 
        individual who is a parent of a child of the person, 
        and an individual who cohabitates or has cohabited with 
        the person; and 
          (B) includes--
                  (i) a dating partner or former dating partner 
                (as defined in section 2266); and 
                  (ii) any other person similarly situated to a 
                spouse who is protected by the domestic or 
                family violence laws of the State or tribal 
                jurisdiction in which the injury occurred or 
                where the victim resides. 
  (33)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the term 
``misdemeanor crime of domestic violence'' means an offense 
that--
          (i) is a misdemeanor under Federal, State, municipal, 
        or Tribal law; and
          (ii) has, as an element, the use or attempted use of 
        physical force, or the threatened use of a deadly 
        weapon, committed by a current or former spouse, 
        intimate partner, parent, or guardian of the victim, by 
        a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, 
        by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited 
        with the victim as a spouse, intimate partner, parent, 
        or guardian, or by a person similarly situated to a 
        spouse, intimate partner, parent, or guardian of the 
        victim.
  (B)(i) A person shall not be considered to have been 
convicted of such an offense for purposes of this chapter, 
unless--
          (I) the person was represented by counsel in the 
        case, or knowingly and intelligently waived the right 
        to counsel in the case; and
          (II) in the case of a prosecution for an offense 
        described in this paragraph for which a person was 
        entitled to a jury trial in the jurisdiction in which 
        the case was tried, either
                  (aa) the case was tried by a jury, or
                  (bb) the person knowingly and intelligently 
                waived the right to have the case tried by a 
                jury, by guilty plea or otherwise.
  (ii) A person shall not be considered to have been convicted 
of such an offense for purposes of this chapter if the 
conviction has been expunged or set aside, or is an offense for 
which the person has been pardoned or has had civil rights 
restored (if the law of the applicable jurisdiction provides 
for the loss of civil rights under such an offense) unless the 
pardon, expungement, or restoration of civil rights expressly 
provides that the person may not ship, transport, possess, or 
receive firearms.
  (34)(A) the term ``misdemeanor crime of stalking'' means an 
offense that--
          (i) is a misdemeanor crime of stalking under Federal, 
        State, Tribal, or municipal law; and
          (ii) is a course of harassment, intimidation, or 
        surveillance of another person that--
                  (I) places that person in reasonable fear of 
                material harm to the health or safety of--
                          (aa) that person;
                          (bb) an immediate family member (as 
                        defined in section 115) of that person;
                          (cc) a household member of that 
                        person; or
                          (dd) a spouse or intimate partner of 
                        that person; or
                  (II) causes, attempts to cause, or would 
                reasonably be expected to cause emotional 
                distress to a person described in item (aa), 
                (bb), (cc), or (dd) of subclause (I).
  (B) A person shall not be considered to have been convicted 
of such an offense for purposes of this chapter, unless--
          (i) the person was represented by counsel in the 
        case, or knowingly and intelligently waived the right 
        to counsel in the case; and
          (ii) in the case of a prosecution for an offense 
        described in this paragraph for which a person was 
        entitled to a jury trial in the jurisdiction in which 
        the case was tried, either--
                  (I) the case was tried by a jury; or
                  (II) the person knowingly and intelligently 
                waived the right to have the case tried by a 
                jury, by guilty plea or otherwise.
  (C) A person shall not be considered to have been convicted 
of such an offense for purposes of this chapter if the 
conviction has been expunged or set aside, or is an offense for 
which the person has been pardoned or has had civil rights 
restored (if the law of the applicable jurisdiction provides 
for the loss of civil rights under such an offense) unless the 
pardon, expungement, or restoration of civil rights expressly 
provides that the person may not ship, transport, possess, or 
receive firearms.
  [(34)] (35) The term ``secure gun storage or safety device'' 
means--
          (A) a device that, when installed on a firearm, is 
        designed to prevent the firearm from being operated 
        without first deactivating the device;
          (B) a device incorporated into the design of the 
        firearm that is designed to prevent the operation of 
        the firearm by anyone not having access to the device; 
        or
          (C) a safe, gun safe, gun case, lock box, or other 
        device that is designed to be or can be used to store a 
        firearm and that is designed to be unlocked only by 
        means of a key, a combination, or other similar means.
  [(35)] (36) The term ``body armor'' means any product sold or 
offered for sale, in interstate or foreign commerce, as 
personal protective body covering intended to protect against 
gunfire, regardless of whether the product is to be worn alone 
or is sold as a complement to another product or garment.
  (b) For the purposes of this chapter, a member of the Armed 
Forces on active duty is a resident of the State in which his 
permanent duty station is located.

Sec. 922. Unlawful acts

  (a) It shall be unlawful--
          (1) for any person--
                  (A) except a licensed importer, licensed 
                manufacturer, or licensed dealer, to engage in 
                the business of importing, manufacturing, or 
                dealing in firearms, or in the course of such 
                business to ship, transport, or receive any 
                firearm in interstate or foreign commerce; or
                  (B) except a licensed importer or licensed 
                manufacturer, to engage in the business of 
                importing or manufacturing ammunition, or in 
                the course of such business, to ship, 
                transport, or receive any ammunition in 
                interstate or foreign commerce;
          (2) for any importer, manufacturer, dealer, or 
        collector licensed under the provisions of this chapter 
        to ship or transport in interstate or foreign commerce 
        any firearm to any person other than a licensed 
        importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or 
        licensed collector, except that--
                  (A) this paragraph and subsection (b)(3) 
                shall not be held to preclude a licensed 
                importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed 
                dealer, or licensed collector from returning a 
                firearm or replacement firearm of the same kind 
                and type to a person from whom it was received; 
                and this paragraph shall not be held to 
                preclude an individual from mailing a firearm 
                owned in compliance with Federal, State, and 
                local law to a licensed importer, licensed 
                manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed 
                collector;
                  (B) this paragraph shall not be held to 
                preclude a licensed importer, licensed 
                manufacturer, or licensed dealer from 
                depositing a firearm for conveyance in the 
                mails to any officer, employee, agent, or 
                watchman who, pursuant to the provisions of 
                section 1715 of this title, is eligible to 
                receive through the mails pistols, revolvers, 
                and other firearms capable of being concealed 
                on the person, for use in connection with his 
                official duty; and
                  (C) nothing in this paragraph shall be 
                construed as applying in any manner in the 
                District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
                Puerto Rico, or any possession of the United 
                States differently than it would apply if the 
                District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
                Puerto Rico, or the possession were in fact a 
                State of the United States;
          (3) for any person, other than a licensed importer, 
        licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed 
        collector to transport into or receive in the State 
        where he resides (or if the person is a corporation or 
        other business entity, the State where it maintains a 
        place of business) any fire arm purchased or otherwise 
        obtained by such person outside that State, except that 
        this paragraph (A) shall not preclude any person who 
        lawfully acquires a firearm by bequest or intestate 
        succession in a State other than his State of residence 
        from transporting the firearm into or receiving it in 
        that State, if it is lawful for such person to purchase 
        or possess such firearm in that State, (B) shall not 
        apply to the transportation or receipt of a firearm 
        obtained in conformity with subsection (b)(3) of this 
        section, and (C) shall not apply to the transportation 
        of any firearm acquired in any State prior to the 
        effective date of this chapter;
          (4) for any person, other than a licensed importer, 
        licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed 
        collector, to transport in interstate or foreign 
        commerce any destructive device, machinegun (as defined 
        in section 5845 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986), 
        short-barreled shotgun, or short-barreled rifle, except 
        as specifically authorized by the Attorney General 
        consistent with public safety and necessity;
          (5) for any person (other than a licensed importer, 
        licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed 
        collector) to transfer, sell, trade, give, transport, 
        or deliver any firearm to any person (other than a 
        licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed 
        dealer, or licensed collector) who the transferor knows 
        or has reasonable cause to believe does not reside in 
        (or if the person is a corporation or other business 
        entity, does not maintain a place of business in) the 
        State in which the transferor resides; except that this 
        paragraph shall not apply to (A) the transfer, 
        transportation, or delivery of a firearm made to carry 
        out a bequest of a firearm to, or an acquisition by 
        intestate succession of a firearm by, a person who is 
        permitted to acquire or possess a firearm under the 
        laws of the State of his residence, and (B) the loan or 
        rental of a firearm to any person for temporary use for 
        lawful sporting purposes;
          (6) for any person in connection with the acquisition 
        or attempted acquisition of any firearm or ammunition 
        from a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, 
        licensed dealer, or licensed collector, knowingly to 
        make any false or fictitious oral or written statement 
        or to furnish or exhibit any false, fictitious, or 
        misrepresented identification, intended or likely to 
        deceive such importer, manufacturer, dealer, or 
        collector with respect to any fact material to the 
        lawfulness of the sale or other disposition of such 
        firearm or ammunition under the provisions of this 
        chapter;
          (7) for any person to manufacture or import armor 
        piercing ammunition, unless--
                  (A) the manufacture of such ammunition is for 
                the use of the United States, any department or 
                agency of the United States, any State, or any 
                department, agency, or political subdivision of 
                a State;
                  (B) the manufacture of such ammunition is for 
                the purpose of exportation; or
                  (C) the manufacture or importation of such 
                ammunition is for the purpose of testing or 
                experimentation and has been authorized by the 
                Attorney General;
          (8) for any manufacturer or importer to sell or 
        deliver armor piercing ammunition, unless such sale or 
        delivery--
                  (A) is for the use of the United States, any 
                department or agency of the United States, any 
                State, or any department, agency, or political 
                subdivision of a State;
                  (B) is for the purpose of exportation; or
                  (C) is for the purpose of testing or 
                experimentation and has been authorized by the 
                Attorney General;
          (9) for any person, other than a licensed importer, 
        licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed 
        collector, who does not reside in any State to receive 
        any firearms unless such receipt is for lawful sporting 
        purposes.
  (b) It shall be unlawful for any licensed importer, licensed 
manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector to sell or 
deliver--
          (1) any firearm or ammunition to any individual who 
        the licensee knows or has reasonable cause to believe 
        is less than eighteen years of age, and, if the 
        firearm, or ammunition is other than a shotgun or 
        rifle, or ammunition for a shotgun or rifle, to any 
        individual who the licensee knows or has reasonable 
        cause to believe is less than twenty-one years of age;
          (2) any firearm to any person in any State where the 
        purchase or possession by such person of such firearm 
        would be in violation of any State law or any published 
        ordinance applicable at the place of sale, delivery or 
        other disposition, unless the licensee knows or has 
        reasonable cause to believe that the purchase or 
        possession would not be in violation of such State law 
        or such published ordinance;
          (3) any firearm to any person who the licensee knows 
        or has reasonable cause to believe does not reside in 
        (or if the person is a corporation or other business 
        entity, does not maintain a place of business in) the 
        State in which the licensee's place of business is 
        located, except that this paragraph (A) shall not apply 
        to the sale or delivery of any rifle or shotgun to a 
        resident of a State other than a State in which the 
        licensee's place of business is located if the 
        transferee meets in person with the transferor to 
        accomplish the transfer, and the sale, delivery, and 
        receipt fully comply with the legal conditions of sale 
        in both such States (and any licensed manufacturer, 
        importer or dealer shall be presumed, for purposes of 
        this subparagraph, in the absence of evidence to the 
        contrary, to have had actual knowledge of the State 
        laws and published ordinances of both States), and (B) 
        shall not apply to the loan or rental of a firearm to 
        any person for temporary use for lawful sporting 
        purposes;
          (4) to any person any destructive device, machinegun 
        (as defined in section 5845 of the Internal Revenue 
        Code of 1986), short-barreled shotgun, or short-
        barreled rifle, except as specifically authorized by 
        the Attorney General consistent with public safety and 
        necessity; and
          (5) any firearm or armor-piercing ammunition to any 
        person unless the licensee notes in his records, 
        required to be kept pursuant to section 923 of this 
        chapter, the name, age, and place of residence of such 
        person if the person is an individual, or the identity 
        and principal and local places of business of such 
        person if the person is a corporation or other business 
        entity.
Paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) of this subsection shall not 
apply to transactions between licensed importers, licensed 
manufacturers, licensed dealers, and licensed collectors. 
Paragraph (4) of this subsection shall not apply to a sale or 
delivery to any research organization designated by the 
Attorney General.
  (c) In any case not otherwise prohibited by this chapter, a 
licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer 
may sell a firearm to a person who does not appear in person at 
the licensee's business premises (other than another licensed 
importer, manufacturer, or dealer) only if--
          (1) the transferee submits to the transferor a sworn 
        statement in the following form:
                   ``Subject to penalties provided by law, I 
                swear that, in the case of any firearm other 
                than a shotgun or a rifle, I am twenty-one 
                years or more of age, or that, in the case of a 
                shotgun or a rifle, I am eighteen years or more 
                of age; that I am not prohibited by the 
                provisions of chapter 44 of title 18, United 
                States Code, from receiving a firearm in 
                interstate or foreign commerce; and that my 
                receipt of this firearm will not be in 
                violation of any statute of the State and 
                published ordinance applicable to the locality 
                in which I reside. Further, the true title, 
                name, and address of the principal law 
                enforcement officer of the locality to which 
                the firearm will be delivered are -- -- -- -- 
                -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 
                -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Signature -- -- 
                -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Date -- -- -- --.'' and 
                containing blank spaces for the attachment of a 
                true copy of any permit or other information 
                required pursuant to such statute or published 
                ordinance;
          (2) the transferor has, prior to the shipment or 
        delivery of the firearm, forwarded by registered or 
        certified mail (return receipt requested) a copy of the 
        sworn statement, together with a description of the 
        firearm, in a form prescribed by the Attorney General, 
        to the chief law enforcement officer of the 
        transferee's place of residence, and has received a 
        return receipt evidencing delivery of the statement or 
        has had the statement returned due to the refusal of 
        the named addressee to accept such letter in accordance 
        with United States Post Office Department regulations; 
        and
          (3) the transferor has delayed shipment or delivery 
        for a period of at least seven days following receipt 
        of the notification of the acceptance or refusal of 
        delivery of the statement.
A copy of the sworn statement and a copy of the notification to 
the local law enforcement officer, together with evidence of 
receipt or rejection of that notification shall be retained by 
the licensee as a part of the records required to be kept under 
section 923(g).
  (d) It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or otherwise 
dispose of any firearm or ammunition to any person knowing or 
having reasonable cause to believe that such person--
          (1) is under indictment for, or has been convicted in 
        any court of, a crime punishable by imprisonment for a 
        term exceeding one year;
          (2) is a fugitive from justice;
          (3) is an unlawful user of or addicted to any 
        controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the 
        Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802));
          (4) has been adjudicated as a mental defective or has 
        been committed to any mental institution;
          (5) who, being an alien--
                  (A) is illegally or unlawfully in the United 
                States; or
                  (B) except as provided in subsection (y)(2), 
                has been admitted to the United States under a 
                nonimmigrant visa (as that term is defined in 
                section 101(a)(26) of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(26)));
          (6) who has been discharged from the Armed Forces 
        under dishonorable conditions;
          (7) who, having been a citizen of the United States, 
        has renounced his citizenship;
          (8) is subject to a court order [that restrains such 
        person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an 
        intimate partner of such person or child of such 
        intimate partner or person, or engaging in other 
        conduct that would place an intimate partner in 
        reasonable fear of bodily injury to the partner or 
        child, except that this paragraph shall only apply to a 
        court order that--]
                  [(A) was issued after a hearing of which such 
                person received actual notice, and at which 
                such person had the opportunity to participate; 
                and
                  [(B)(i) includes a finding that such person 
                represents a credible threat to the physical 
                safety of such intimate partner or child; or
                  [(ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits the 
                use, attempted use, or threatened use of 
                physical force against such intimate partner or 
                child that would reasonably be expected to 
                cause bodily injury; or] described in 
                subsection (g)(8);
          (9) has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor 
        crime of domestic violence[.]; or
          (10) who has been convicted in any court of a 
        misdemeanor crime of stalking.
This subsection shall not apply with respect to the sale or 
disposition of a firearm or ammunition to a licensed importer, 
licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector 
who pursuant to subsection (b) of section 925 of this chapter 
is not precluded from dealing in firearms or ammunition, or to 
a person who has been granted relief from disabilities pursuant 
to subsection (c) of section 925 of this chapter.
  (e) It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to deliver 
or cause to be delivered to any common or contract carrier for 
transportation or shipment in interstate or foreign commerce, 
to persons other than licensed importers, licensed 
manufacturers, licensed dealers, or licensed collectors, any 
package or other container in which there is any firearm or 
ammunition without written notice to the carrier that such 
firearm or ammunition is being transported or shipped; except 
that any passenger who owns or legally possesses a firearm or 
ammunition being transported aboard any common or contract 
carrier for movement with the passenger in interstate or 
foreign commerce may deliver said firearm or ammunition into 
the custody of the pilot, captain, conductor or operator of 
such common or contract carrier for the duration of the trip 
without violating any of the provisions of this chapter. No 
common or contract carrier shall require or cause any label, 
tag, or other written notice to be placed on the outside of any 
package, luggage, or other container that such package, 
luggage, or other container contains a firearm.
  (f)(1) It shall be unlawful for any common or contract 
carrier to transport or deliver in interstate or foreign 
commerce any firearm or ammunition with knowledge or reasonable 
cause to believe that the shipment transportation, or receipt 
thereof would be in violation of the provisions of this 
chapter.
  (2) It shall be unlawful for any common or contract carrier 
to deliver in interstate or foreign commerce any firearm 
without obtaining written acknowledgement of receipt from the 
recipient of the package or other container in which there is a 
firearm.
  (g) It shall be unlawful for any person--
          (1) who has been convicted in any court of, a crime 
        punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one 
        year;
          (2) who is a fugitive from justice;
          (3) who is an unlawful user of or addicted to any 
        controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the 
        Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802));
          (4) who has been adjudicated as a mental defective or 
        who has been committed to a mental institution;
          (5) who, being an alien--
                  (A) is illegally or unlawfully in the United 
                States; or
                  (B) except as provided in subsection (y)(2), 
                has been admitted to the United States under a 
                nonimmigrant visa (as that term is defined in 
                section 101(a)(26) of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(26)));
          (6) who has been discharged from the Armed Forces 
        under dishonorable conditions;
          (7) who, having been a citizen of the United States, 
        has renounced his citizenship;
          [(8) who is subject to a court order that--
                  [(A) was issued after a hearing of which such 
                person received actual notice, and at which 
                such person had an opportunity to participate;
                  [(B) restrains such person from harassing, 
                stalking, or threatening an intimate partner of 
                such person or child of such intimate partner 
                or person, or engaging in other conduct that 
                would place an intimate partner in reasonable 
                fear of bodily injury to the partner or child; 
                and
                  [(C)(i) includes a finding that such person 
                represents a credible threat to the physical 
                safety of such intimate partner or child; or
                  [(ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits the 
                use, attempted use, or threatened use of 
                physical force against such intimate partner or 
                child that would reasonably be expected to 
                cause bodily injury; or]
          (8) who is subject to a court order--
                  (A) that was issued--
                          (i) after a hearing of which such 
                        person received actual notice, and at 
                        which such person had an opportunity to 
                        participate; or
                          (ii) in the case of an ex parte 
                        order, relative to which notice and 
                        opportunity to be heard are provided--
                                  (I) within the time required 
                                by State, tribal, or 
                                territorial law; and
                                  (II) in any event within a 
                                reasonable time after the order 
                                is issued, sufficient to 
                                protect the due process rights 
                                of the person;
                  (B) that restrains such person from--
                          (i) harassing, stalking, or 
                        threatening an intimate partner of such 
                        person or child of such intimate 
                        partner or person, or engaging in other 
                        conduct that would place an intimate 
                        partner in reasonable fear of bodily 
                        injury to the partner or child; or
                          (ii) intimidating or dissuading a 
                        witness from testifying in court; and
                  (C) that--
                          (i) includes a finding that such 
                        person represents a credible threat to 
                        the physical safety of such individual 
                        described in subparagraph (B); or
                          (ii) by its terms explicitly 
                        prohibits the use, attempted use, or 
                        threatened use of physical force 
                        against such individual described in 
                        subparagraph (B) that would reasonably 
                        be expected to cause bodily injury;
          (9) who has been convicted in any court of a 
        misdemeanor crime of domestic violence[,]; or
          (10) who has been convicted in any court of a 
        misdemeanor crime of stalking,
to ship or transport in interstate or foreign commerce, or 
possess in or affecting commerce, any firearm or ammunition; or 
to receive any firearm or ammunition which has been shipped or 
transported in interstate or foreign commerce.
  (h) It shall be unlawful for any individual, who to that 
individual's knowledge and while being employed for any person 
described in any paragraph of subsection (g) of this section, 
in the course of such employment--
          (1) to receive, possess, or transport any firearm or 
        ammunition in or affecting interstate or foreign 
        commerce; or
          (2) to receive any firearm or ammunition which has 
        been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign 
        commerce.
  (i) It shall be unlawful for any person to transport or ship 
in interstate or foreign commerce, any stolen firearms or 
stolen ammunition, knowing or having reasonable cause to 
believe that the firearm or ammunition was stolen.
  (j) It shall be unlawful for any person to receive, possess, 
conceal, store, barter, sell, or dispose of any stolen firearm 
or stolen ammunition, or pledge or accept as security for a 
loan any stolen firearm or stolen ammunition, which is moving 
as, which is a part of, which constitutes, or which has been 
shipped or transported in, interstate or foreign commerce, 
either before or after it was stolen, knowing or having 
reasonable cause to believe that the firearm or ammunition was 
stolen.
  (k) It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to 
transport, ship, or receive, in interstate or foreign commerce, 
any firearm which has had the importer's or manufacturer's 
serial number removed, obliterated, or altered or to possess or 
receive any firearm which has had the importer's or 
manufacturer's serial number removed, obliterated, or altered 
and has, at any time, been shipped or transported in interstate 
or foreign commerce.
  (l) Except as provided in section 925(d) of this chapter, it 
shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to import or bring 
into the United States or any possession thereof any firearm or 
ammunition; and it shall be unlawful for any person knowingly 
to receive any firearm or ammunition which has been imported or 
brought into the United States or any possession thereof in 
violation of the provisions of this chapter.
  (m) It shall be unlawful for any licensed importer, licensed 
manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector knowingly 
to make any false entry in, to fail to make appropriate entry 
in, or to fail to properly maintain, any record which he is 
required to keep pursuant to section 923 of this chapter or 
regulations promulgated thereunder.
  (n) It shall be unlawful for any person who is under 
indictment for a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term 
exceeding one year to ship or transport in interstate or 
foreign commerce any firearm or ammunition or receive any 
firearm or ammunition which has been shipped or transported in 
interstate or foreign commerce.
  (o)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), it shall be 
unlawful for any person to transfer or possess a machinegun.
  (2) This subsection does not apply with respect to--
          (A) a transfer to or by, or possession by or under 
        the authority of, the United States or any department 
        or agency thereof or a State, or a department, agency, 
        or political subdivision thereof; or
          (B) any lawful transfer or lawful possession of a 
        machinegun that was lawfully possessed before the date 
        this subsection takes effect.
  (p)(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to manufacture, 
import, sell, ship, deliver, possess, transfer, or receive any 
firearm--
          (A) that, after removal of grips, stocks, and 
        magazines, is not as detectable as the Security 
        Exemplar, by walk-through metal detectors calibrated 
        and operated to detect the Security Exemplar; or
          (B) any major component of which, when subjected to 
        inspection by the types of x-ray machines commonly used 
        at airports, does not generate an image that accurately 
        depicts the shape of the component. Barium sulfate or 
        other compounds may be used in the fabrication of the 
        component.
  (2) For purposes of this subsection--
          (A) the term ``firearm'' does not include the frame 
        or receiver of any such weapon;
          (B) the term ``major component'' means, with respect 
        to a firearm, the barrel, the slide or cylinder, or the 
        frame or receiver of the firearm; and
          (C) the term ``Security Exemplar'' means an object, 
        to be fabricated at the direction of the Attorney 
        General, that is--
                  (i) constructed of, during the 12-month 
                period beginning on the date of the enactment 
                of this subsection, 3.7 ounces of material type 
                17-4 PH stainless steel in a shape resembling a 
                handgun; and
                  (ii) suitable for testing and calibrating 
                metal detectors: Provided, however, That at the 
                close of such 12-month period, and
        at appropriate times thereafter the Attorney General 
        shall promulgate regulations to permit the manufacture, 
        importation, sale, shipment, delivery, possession, 
        transfer, or receipt of firearms previously prohibited 
        under this subparagraph that are as detectable as a 
        ``Security Exemplar'' which contains 3.7 ounces of 
        material type 17-4 PH stainless steel, in a shape 
        resembling a handgun, or such lesser amount as is 
        detectable in view of advances in state-of-the-art 
        developments in weapons detection technology.
  (3) Under such rules and regulations as the Attorney General 
shall prescribe, this subsection shall not apply to the 
manufacture, possession, transfer, receipt, shipment, or 
delivery of a firearm by a licensed manufacturer or any person 
acting pursuant to a contract with a licensed manufacturer, for 
the purpose of examining and testing such firearm to determine 
whether paragraph (1) applies to such firearm. The Attorney 
General shall ensure that rules and regulations adopted 
pursuant to this paragraph do not impair the manufacture of 
prototype firearms or the development of new technology.
  (4) The Attorney General shall permit the conditional 
importation of a firearm by a licensed importer or licensed 
manufacturer, for examination and testing to determine whether 
or not the unconditional importation of such firearm would 
violate this subsection.
  (5) This subsection shall not apply to any firearm which--
          (A) has been certified by the Secretary of Defense or 
        the Director of Central Intelligence, after 
        consultation with the Attorney General and the 
        Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration, 
        as necessary for military or intelligence applications; 
        and
          (B) is manufactured for and sold exclusively to 
        military or intelligence agencies of the United States.
  (6) This subsection shall not apply with respect to any 
firearm manufactured in, imported into, or possessed in the 
United States before the date of the enactment of the 
Undetectable Firearms Act of 1988.
  (q)(1) The Congress finds and declares that--
          (A) crime, particularly crime involving drugs and 
        guns, is a pervasive, nationwide problem;
          (B) crime at the local level is exacerbated by the 
        interstate movement of drugs, guns, and criminal gangs;
          (C) firearms and ammunition move easily in interstate 
        commerce and have been found in increasing numbers in 
        and around schools, as documented in numerous hearings 
        in both the Committee on the Judiciary the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of 
        the Senate;
          (D) in fact, even before the sale of a firearm, the 
        gun, its component parts, ammunition, and the raw 
        materials from which they are made have considerably 
        moved in interstate commerce;
          (E) while criminals freely move from State to State, 
        ordinary citizens and foreign visitors may fear to 
        travel to or through certain parts of the country due 
        to concern about violent crime and gun violence, and 
        parents may decline to send their children to school 
        for the same reason;
          (F) the occurrence of violent crime in school zones 
        has resulted in a decline in the quality of education 
        in our country;
          (G) this decline in the quality of education has an 
        adverse impact on interstate commerce and the foreign 
        commerce of the United States;
          (H) States, localities, and school systems find it 
        almost impossible to handle gun-related crime by 
        themselves--even States, localities, and school systems 
        that have made strong efforts to prevent, detect, and 
        punish gun-related crime find their efforts unavailing 
        due in part to the failure or inability of other States 
        or localities to take strong measures; and
          (I) the Congress has the power, under the interstate 
        commerce clause and other provisions of the 
        Constitution, to enact measures to ensure the integrity 
        and safety of the Nation's schools by enactment of this 
        subsection.
  (2)(A) It shall be unlawful for any individual knowingly to 
possess a firearm that has moved in or that otherwise affects 
interstate or foreign commerce at a place that the individual 
knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, is a school zone.
  (B) Subparagraph (A) does not apply to the possession of a 
firearm--
          (i) on private property not part of school grounds;
          (ii) if the individual possessing the firearm is 
        licensed to do so by the State in which the school zone 
        is located or a political subdivision of the State, and 
        the law of the State or political subdivision requires 
        that, before an individual obtains such a license, the 
        law enforcement authorities of the State or political 
        subdivision verify that the individual is qualified 
        under law to receive the license;
          (iii) that is--
                  (I) not loaded; and
                  (II) in a locked container, or a locked 
                firearms rack that is on a motor vehicle;
          (iv) by an individual for use in a program approved 
        by a school in the school zone;
          (v) by an individual in accordance with a contract 
        entered into between a school in the school zone and 
        the individual or an employer of the individual;
          (vi) by a law enforcement officer acting in his or 
        her official capacity; or
          (vii) that is unloaded and is possessed by an 
        individual while traversing school premises for the 
        purpose of gaining access to public or private lands 
        open to hunting, if the entry on school premises is 
        authorized by school authorities.
  (3)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), it shall be 
unlawful for any person, knowingly or with reckless disregard 
for the safety of another, to discharge or attempt to discharge 
a firearm that has moved in or that otherwise affects 
interstate or foreign commerce at a place that the person knows 
is a school zone.
  (B) Subparagraph (A) does not apply to the discharge of a 
firearm--
          (i) on private property not part of school grounds;
          (ii) as part of a program approved by a school in the 
        school zone, by an individual who is participating in 
        the program;
          (iii) by an individual in accordance with a contract 
        entered into between a school in a school zone and the 
        individual or an employer of the individual; or
          (iv) by a law enforcement officer acting in his or 
        her official capacity.
  (4) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as 
preempting or preventing a State or local government from 
enacting a statute establishing gun free school zones as 
provided in this subsection.
  (r) It shall be unlawful for any person to assemble from 
imported parts any semiautomatic rifle or any shotgun which is 
identical to any rifle or shotgun prohibited from importation 
under section 925(d)(3) of this chapter as not being 
particularly suitable for or readily adaptable to sporting 
purposes except that this subsection shall not apply to--
          (1) the assembly of any such rifle or shotgun for 
        sale or distribution by a licensed manufacturer to the 
        United States or any department or agency thereof or to 
        any State or any department, agency, or political 
        subdivision thereof; or
          (2) the assembly of any such rifle or shotgun for the 
        purposes of testing or experimentation authorized by 
        the Attorney General.
  (s)(1) Beginning on the date that is 90 days after the date 
of enactment of this subsection and ending on the day before 
the date that is 60 months after such date of enactment, it 
shall be unlawful for any licensed importer, licensed 
manufacturer, or licensed dealer to sell, deliver, or transfer 
a handgun (other than the return of a handgun to the person 
from whom it was received) to an individual who is not licensed 
under section 923, unless--
          (A) after the most recent proposal of such transfer 
        by the transferee--
                  (i) the transferor has--
                          (I) received from the transferee a 
                        statement of the transferee containing 
                        the information described in paragraph 
                        (3);
                          (II) verified the identity of the 
                        transferee by examining the 
                        identification document presented;
                          (III) within 1 day after the 
                        transferee furnishes the statement, 
                        provided notice of the contents of the 
                        statement to the chief law enforcement 
                        officer of the place of residence of 
                        the transferee; and
                          (IV) within 1 day after the 
                        transferee furnishes the statement, 
                        transmitted a copy of the statement to 
                        the chief law enforcement officer of 
                        the place of residence of the 
                        transferee; and
                  (ii)(I) 5 business days (meaning days on 
                which State offices are open) have elapsed from 
                the date the transferor furnished notice of the 
                contents of the statement to the chief law 
                enforcement officer, during which period the 
                transferor has not received information from 
                the chief law enforcement officer that receipt 
                or possession of the handgun by the transferee 
                would be in violation of Federal, State, or 
                local law; or
                  (II) the transferor has received notice from 
                the chief law enforcement officer that the 
                officer has no information indicating that 
                receipt or possession of the handgun by the 
                transferee would violate Federal, State, or 
                local law;
          (B) the transferee has presented to the transferor a 
        written statement, issued by the chief law enforcement 
        officer of the place of residence of the transferee 
        during the 10-day period ending on the date of the most 
        recent proposal of such transfer by the transferee, 
        stating that the transferee requires access to a 
        handgun because of a threat to the life of the 
        transferee or of any member of the household of the 
        transferee;
          (C)(i) the transferee has presented to the transferor 
        a permit that--
                  (I) allows the transferee to possess or 
                acquire a handgun; and
                  (II) was issued not more than 5 years earlier 
                by the State in which the transfer is to take 
                place; and
          (ii) the law of the State provides that such a permit 
        is to be issued only after an authorized government 
        official has verified that the information available to 
        such official does not indicate that possession of a 
        handgun by the transferee would be in violation of the 
        law;
          (D) the law of the State requires that, before any 
        licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed 
        dealer completes the transfer of a handgun to an 
        individual who is not licensed under section 923, an 
        authorized government official verify that the 
        information available to such official does not 
        indicate that possession of a handgun by the transferee 
        would be in violation of law;
          (E) the Attorney General has approved the transfer 
        under section 5812 of the Internal Revenue Code of 
        1986; or
          (F) on application of the transferor, the Attorney 
        General has certified that compliance with subparagraph 
        (A)(i)(III) is impracticable because--
                  (i) the ratio of the number of law 
                enforcement officers of the State in which the 
                transfer is to occur to the number of square 
                miles of land area of the State does not exceed 
                0.0025;
                  (ii) the business premises of the transferor 
                at which the transfer is to occur are extremely 
                remote in relation to the chief law enforcement 
                officer; and
                  (iii) there is an absence of 
                telecommunications facilities in the 
                geographical area in which the business 
                premises are located.
  (2) A chief law enforcement officer to whom a transferor has 
provided notice pursuant to paragraph (1)(A)(i)(III) shall make 
a reasonable effort to ascertain within 5 business days whether 
receipt or possession would be in violation of the law, 
including research in whatever State and local recordkeeping 
systems are available and in a national system designated by 
the Attorney General.
  (3) The statement referred to in paragraph (1)(A)(i)(I) shall 
contain only--
          (A) the name, address, and date of birth appearing on 
        a valid identification document (as defined in section 
        1028(d)(1)) of the transferee containing a photograph 
        of the transferee and a description of the 
        identification used;
          (B) a statement that the transferee--
                  (i) is not under indictment for, and has not 
                been convicted in any court of, a crime 
                punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding 
                1 year, and has not been convicted in any court 
                of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence;
                  (ii) is not a fugitive from justice;
                  (iii) is not an unlawful user of or addicted 
                to any controlled substance (as defined in 
                section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act);
                  (iv) has not been adjudicated as a mental 
                defective or been committed to a mental 
                institution;
                  (v) is not an alien who--
                          (I) is illegally or unlawfully in the 
                        United States; or
                          (II) subject to subsection (y)(2), 
                        has been admitted to the United States 
                        under a nonimmigrant visa (as that term 
                        is defined in section 101(a)(26) of the 
                        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
                        U.S.C. 1101(a)(26)));
                  (vi) has not been discharged from the Armed 
                Forces under dishonorable conditions; and
                  (vii) is not a person who, having been a 
                citizen of the United States, has renounced 
                such citizenship;
          (C) the date the statement is made; and
          (D) notice that the transferee intends to obtain a 
        handgun from the transferor.
  (4) Any transferor of a handgun who, after such transfer, 
receives a report from a chief law enforcement officer 
containing information that receipt or possession of the 
handgun by the transferee violates Federal, State, or local law 
shall, within 1 business day after receipt of such request, 
communicate any information related to the transfer that the 
transferor has about the transfer and the transferee to--
          (A) the chief law enforcement officer of the place of 
        business of the transferor; and
          (B) the chief law enforcement officer of the place of 
        residence of the transferee.
  (5) Any transferor who receives information, not otherwise 
available to the public, in a report under this subsection 
shall not disclose such information except to the transferee, 
to law enforcement authorities, or pursuant to the direction of 
a court of law.
  (6)(A) Any transferor who sells, delivers, or otherwise 
transfers a handgun to a transferee shall retain the copy of 
the statement of the transferee with respect to the handgun 
transaction, and shall retain evidence that the transferor has 
complied with subclauses (III) and (IV) of paragraph (1)(A)(i) 
with respect to the statement.
  (B) Unless the chief law enforcement officer to whom a 
statement is transmitted under paragraph (1)(A)(i)(IV) 
determines that a transaction would violate Federal, State, or 
local law--
          (i) the officer shall, within 20 business days after 
        the date the transferee made the statement on the basis 
        of which the notice was provided, destroy the 
        statement, any record containing information derived 
        from the statement, and any record created as a result 
        of the notice required by paragraph (1)(A)(i)(III);
          (ii) the information contained in the statement shall 
        not be conveyed to any person except a person who has a 
        need to know in order to carry out this subsection; and
          (iii) the information contained in the statement 
        shall not be used for any purpose other than to carry 
        out this subsection.
  (C) If a chief law enforcement officer determines that an 
individual is ineligible to receive a handgun and the 
individual requests the officer to provide the reason for such 
determination, the officer shall provide such reasons to the 
individual in writing within 20 business days after receipt of 
the request.
  (7) A chief law enforcement officer or other person 
responsible for providing criminal history background 
information pursuant to this subsection shall not be liable in 
an action at law for damages--
          (A) for failure to prevent the sale or transfer of a 
        handgun to a person whose receipt or possession of the 
        handgun is unlawful under this section; or
          (B) for preventing such a sale or transfer to a 
        person who may lawfully receive or possess a handgun.
  (8) For purposes of this subsection, the term ``chief law 
enforcement officer'' means the chief of police, the sheriff, 
or an equivalent officer or the designee of any such 
individual.
  (9) The Attorney General shall take necessary actions to 
ensure that the provisions of this subsection are published and 
disseminated to licensed dealers, law enforcement officials, 
and the public.
  (t)(1) Beginning on the date that is 30 days after the 
Attorney General notifies licensees under section 103(d) of the 
Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act that the national instant 
criminal background check system is established, a licensed 
importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer shall not 
transfer a firearm to any other person who is not licensed 
under this chapter, unless--
          (A) before the completion of the transfer, the 
        licensee contacts the national instant criminal 
        background check system established under section 103 
        of that Act;
          (B)(i) the system provides the licensee with a unique 
        identification number; or
          (ii) 3 business days (meaning a day on which State 
        offices are open) have elapsed since the licensee 
        contacted the system, and the system has not notified 
        the licensee that the receipt of a firearm by such 
        other person would violate subsection (g) or (n) of 
        this section; and
          (C) the transferor has verified the identity of the 
        transferee by examining a valid identification document 
        (as defined in section 1028(d) of this title) of the 
        transferee containing a photograph of the transferee.
  (2) If receipt of a firearm would not violate subsection (g) 
or (n) or State law, the system shall--
          (A) assign a unique identification number to the 
        transfer;
          (B) provide the licensee with the number; and
          (C) destroy all records of the system with respect to 
        the call (other than the identifying number and the 
        date the number was assigned) and all records of the 
        system relating to the person or the transfer.
  (3) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a firearm transfer 
between a licensee and another person if--
          (A)(i) such other person has presented to the 
        licensee a permit that--
                  (I) allows such other person to possess or 
                acquire a firearm; and
                  (II) was issued not more than 5 years earlier 
                by the State in which the transfer is to take 
                place; and
          (ii) the law of the State provides that such a permit 
        is to be issued only after an authorized government 
        official has verified that the information available to 
        such official does not indicate that possession of a 
        firearm by such other person would be in violation of 
        law;
          (B) the Attorney General has approved the transfer 
        under section 5812 of the Internal Revenue Code of 
        1986; or
          (C) on application of the transferor, the Attorney 
        General has certified that compliance with paragraph 
        (1)(A) is impracticable because--
                  (i) the ratio of the number of law 
                enforcement officers of the State in which the 
                transfer is to occur to the number of square 
                miles of land area of the State does not exceed 
                0.0025;
                  (ii) the business premises of the licensee at 
                which the transfer is to occur are extremely 
                remote in relation to the chief law enforcement 
                officer (as defined in subsection (s)(8)); and
                  (iii) there is an absence of 
                telecommunications facilities in the 
                geographical area in which the business 
                premises are located.
  (4) If the national instant criminal background check system 
notifies the licensee that the information available to the 
system does not demonstrate that the receipt of a firearm by 
such other person would violate subsection (g) or (n) or State 
law, and the licensee transfers a firearm to such other person, 
the licensee shall include in the record of the transfer the 
unique identification number provided by the system with 
respect to the transfer.
  (5) If the licensee knowingly transfers a firearm to such 
other person and knowingly fails to comply with paragraph (1) 
of this subsection with respect to the transfer and, at the 
time such other person most recently proposed the transfer, the 
national instant criminal background check system was operating 
and information was available to the system demonstrating that 
receipt of a firearm by such other person would violate 
subsection (g) or (n) of this section or State law, the 
Attorney General may, after notice and opportunity for a 
hearing, suspend for not more than 6 months or revoke any 
license issued to the licensee under section 923, and may 
impose on the licensee a civil fine of not more than $5,000.
  (6) Neither a local government nor an employee of the Federal 
Government or of any State or local government, responsible for 
providing information to the national instant criminal 
background check system shall be liable in an action at law for 
damages--
          (A) for failure to prevent the sale or transfer of a 
        firearm to a person whose receipt or possession of the 
        firearm is unlawful under this section; or
          (B) for preventing such a sale or transfer to a 
        person who may lawfully receive or possess a firearm.
  (u) It shall be unlawful for a person to steal or unlawfully 
take or carry away from the person or the premises of a person 
who is licensed to engage in the business of importing, 
manufacturing, or dealing in firearms, any firearm in the 
licensee's business inventory that has been shipped or 
transported in interstate or foreign commerce.
  (x)(1) It shall be unlawful for a person to sell, deliver, or 
otherwise transfer to a person who the transferor knows or has 
reasonable cause to believe is a juvenile--
          (A) a handgun; or
          (B) ammunition that is suitable for use only in a 
        handgun.
  (2) It shall be unlawful for any person who is a juvenile to 
knowingly possess--
          (A) a handgun; or
          (B) ammunition that is suitable for use only in a 
        handgun.
  (3) This subsection does not apply to--
          (A) a temporary transfer of a handgun or ammunition 
        to a juvenile or to the possession or use of a handgun 
        or ammunition by a juvenile if the handgun and 
        ammunition are possessed and used by the juvenile--
                  (i) in the course of employment, in the 
                course of ranching or farming related to 
                activities at the residence of the juvenile (or 
                on property used for ranching or farming at 
                which the juvenile, with the permission of the 
                property owner or lessee, is performing 
                activities related to the operation of the farm 
                or ranch), target practice, hunting, or a 
                course of instruction in the safe and lawful 
                use of a handgun;
                  (ii) with the prior written consent of the 
                juvenile's parent or guardian who is not 
                prohibited by Federal, State, or local law from 
                possessing a firearm, except--
                          (I) during transportation by the 
                        juvenile of an unloaded handgun in a 
                        locked container directly from the 
                        place of transfer to a place at which 
                        an activity described in clause (i) is 
                        to take place and transportation by the 
                        juvenile of that handgun, unloaded and 
                        in a locked container, directly from 
                        the place at which such an activity 
                        took place to the transferor; or
                          (II) with respect to ranching or 
                        farming activities as described in 
                        clause (i), a juvenile may possess and 
                        use a handgun or ammunition with the 
                        prior written approval of the 
                        juvenile's parent or legal guardian and 
                        at the direction of an adult who is not 
                        prohibited by Federal, State or local 
                        law from possessing a firearm;
                  (iii) the juvenile has the prior written 
                consent in the juvenile's possession at all 
                times when a handgun is in the possession of 
                the juvenile; and
                  (iv) in accordance with State and local law;
          (B) a juvenile who is a member of the Armed Forces of 
        the United States or the National Guard who possesses 
        or is armed with a handgun in the line of duty;
          (C) a transfer by inheritance of title (but not 
        possession) of a handgun or ammunition to a juvenile; 
        or
          (D) the possession of a handgun or ammunition by a 
        juvenile taken in defense of the juvenile or other 
        persons against an intruder into the residence of the 
        juvenile or a residence in which the juvenile is an 
        invited guest.
  (4) A handgun or ammunition, the possession of which is 
transferred to a juvenile in circumstances in which the 
transferor is not in violation of this subsection shall not be 
subject to permanent confiscation by the Government if its 
possession by the juvenile subsequently becomes unlawful 
because of the conduct of the juvenile, but shall be returned 
to the lawful owner when such handgun or ammunition is no 
longer required by the Government for the purposes of 
investigation or prosecution.
  (5) For purposes of this subsection, the term ``juvenile'' 
means a person who is less than 18 years of age.
  (6)(A) In a prosecution of a violation of this subsection, 
the court shall require the presence of a juvenile defendant's 
parent or legal guardian at all proceedings.
  (B) The court may use the contempt power to enforce 
subparagraph (A).
  (C) The court may excuse attendance of a parent or legal 
guardian of a juvenile defendant at a proceeding in a 
prosecution of a violation of this subsection for good cause 
shown.
  (y) Provisions Relating to Aliens Admitted Under Nonimmigrant 
Visas.--
          (1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                  (A) the term ``alien'' has the same meaning 
                as in section 101(a)(3) of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(3)); and
                  (B) the term ``nonimmigrant visa'' has the 
                same meaning as in section 101(a)(26) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                1101(a)(26)).
          (2) Exceptions.--Subsections (d)(5)(B), (g)(5)(B), 
        and (s)(3)(B)(v)(II) do not apply to any alien who has 
        been lawfully admitted to the United States under a 
        nonimmigrant visa, if that alien is--
          (A) admitted to the United States for lawful hunting 
        or sporting purposes or is in possession of a hunting 
        license or permit lawfully issued in the United States;
          (B) an official representative of a foreign 
        government who is--
                  (i) accredited to the United States 
                Government or the Government's mission to an 
                international organization having its 
                headquarters in the United States; or
                  (ii) en route to or from another country to 
                which that alien is accredited;
          (C) an official of a foreign government or a 
        distinguished foreign visitor who has been so 
        designated by the Department of State; or
          (D) a foreign law enforcement officer of a friendly 
        foreign government entering the United States on 
        official law enforcement business.
          (3) Waiver.--
                  (A) Conditions for waiver.--Any individual 
                who has been admitted to the United States 
                under a nonimmigrant visa may receive a waiver 
                from the requirements of subsection (g)(5), 
                if--
                          (i) the individual submits to the 
                        Attorney General a petition that meets 
                        the requirements of subparagraph (C); 
                        and
                          (ii) the Attorney General approves 
                        the petition.
                  (B) Petition.--Each petition under 
                subparagraph (B) shall--
                          (i) demonstrate that the petitioner 
                        has resided in the United States for a 
                        continuous period of not less than 180 
                        days before the date on which the 
                        petition is submitted under this 
                        paragraph; and
                          (ii) include a written statement from 
                        the embassy or consulate of the 
                        petitioner, authorizing the petitioner 
                        to acquire a firearm or ammunition and 
                        certifying that the alien would not, 
                        absent the application of subsection 
                        (g)(5)(B), otherwise be prohibited from 
                        such acquisition under subsection (g).
                  (C) Approval of petition.--The Attorney 
                General shall approve a petition submitted in 
                accordance with this paragraph, if the Attorney 
                General determines that waiving the 
                requirements of subsection (g)(5)(B) with 
                respect to the petitioner--
                  (i) would be in the interests of justice; and
                  (ii) would not jeopardize the public safety.
  (z) Secure Gun Storage or Safety Device.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided under paragraph 
        (2), it shall be unlawful for any licensed importer, 
        licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer to sell, 
        deliver, or transfer any handgun to any person other 
        than any person licensed under this chapter, unless the 
        transferee is provided with a secure gun storage or 
        safety device (as defined in section 921(a)(34)) for 
        that handgun.
          (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to--
                  (A)(i) the manufacture for, transfer to, or 
                possession by, the United States, a department 
                or agency of the United States, a State, or a 
                department, agency, or political subdivision of 
                a State, of a handgun; or
                  (ii) the transfer to, or possession by, a law 
                enforcement officer employed by an entity 
                referred to in clause (i) of a handgun for law 
                enforcement purposes (whether on or off duty); 
                or
                  (B) the transfer to, or possession by, a rail 
                police officer directly employed by or 
                contracted by a rail carrier and certified or 
                commissioned as a police officer under the laws 
                of a State of a handgun for purposes of law 
                enforcement (whether on or off duty);
                  (C) the transfer to any person of a handgun 
                listed as a curio or relic by the Secretary 
                pursuant to section 921(a)(13); or
                  (D) the transfer to any person of a handgun 
                for which a secure gun storage or safety device 
                is temporarily unavailable for the reasons 
                described in the exceptions stated in section 
                923(e), if the licensed manufacturer, licensed 
                importer, or licensed dealer delivers to the 
                transferee within 10 calendar days from the 
                date of the delivery of the handgun to the 
                transferee a secure gun storage or safety 
                device for the handgun.
          (3) Liability for use.--
                  (A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, a person who has lawful 
                possession and control of a handgun, and who 
                uses a secure gun storage or safety device with 
                the handgun, shall be entitled to immunity from 
                a qualified civil liability action.
                  (B) Prospective actions.--A qualified civil 
                liability action may not be brought in any 
                Federal or State court.
                  (C) Defined term.--As used in this paragraph, 
                the term ``qualified civil liability action''--
                          (i) means a civil action brought by 
                        any person against a person described 
                        in subparagraph (A) for damages 
                        resulting from the criminal or unlawful 
                        misuse of the handgun by a third party, 
                        if--
                                  (I) the handgun was accessed 
                                by another person who did not 
                                have the permission or 
                                authorization of the person 
                                having lawful possession and 
                                control of the handgun to have 
                                access to it; and
                                  (II) at the time access was 
                                gained by the person not so 
                                authorized, the handgun had 
                                been made inoperable by use of 
                                a secure gun storage or safety 
                                device; and
                          (ii) shall not include an action 
                        brought against the person having 
                        lawful possession and control of the 
                        handgun for negligent entrustment or 
                        negligence per se.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 925B. Reporting of background check denials to State, local, and 
                    tribal authorities

  (a) In General.--If the national instant criminal background 
check system established under section 103 of the Brady Handgun 
Violence Prevention Act (18 U.S.C. 922 note) provides a notice 
pursuant to section 922(t) of this title that the receipt of a 
firearm by a person would violate subsection (g)(8), (g)(9), or 
(g)(10) of section 922 of this title or State law, the Attorney 
General shall, in accordance with subsection (b) of this 
section--
          (1) report to the law enforcement authorities of the 
        State where the person sought to acquire the firearm 
        and, if different, the law enforcement authorities of 
        the State of residence of the person--
                  (A) that the notice was provided;
                  (B) of the specific provision of law that 
                would have been violated;
                  (C) of the date and time the notice was 
                provided;
                  (D) of the location where the firearm was 
                sought to be acquired; and
                  (E) of the identity of the person; and
          (2) report the incident to local or tribal law 
        enforcement authorities and, where practicable, State, 
        tribal, or local prosecutors, in the jurisdiction where 
        the firearm was sought and in the jurisdiction where 
        the person resides.
  (b) Requirements for Report.--A report is made in accordance 
with this subsection if the report is made within 24 hours 
after the provision of the notice described in subsection (a), 
except that the making of the report may be delayed for so long 
as is necessary to avoid compromising an ongoing investigation.
  (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) shall be 
construed to require a report with respect to a person to be 
made to the same State authorities that originally issued the 
notice with respect to the person.

Sec. 925C. Special assistant U.S. attorneys and cross-deputized 
                    attorneys

  (a) In General.--In order to improve the enforcement of 
paragraphs (8), (9), and (10) of section 922(g), the Attorney 
General may--
          (1) appoint, in accordance with section 543 of title 
        28, qualified State, tribal, territorial and local 
        prosecutors and qualified attorneys working for the 
        United States government to serve as special assistant 
        United States attorneys for the purpose of prosecuting 
        violations of such paragraphs;
          (2) deputize State, tribal, territorial and local law 
        enforcement officers for the purpose of enhancing the 
        capacity of the agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, 
        Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives in responding to and 
        investigating violations of such paragraphs; and
          (3) establish, in order to receive and expedite 
        requests for assistance from State, tribal, territorial 
        and local law enforcement agencies responding to 
        intimate partner violence cases where such agencies 
        have probable cause to believe that the offenders may 
        be in violation of such paragraphs, points of contact 
        within--
                  (A) each Field Division of the Bureau of 
                Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives; and
                  (B) each District Office of the United States 
                Attorneys.
  (b) Improve Intimate Partner and Public Safety.--The Attorney 
General shall--
          (1) identify no less than 75 jurisdictions among 
        States, territories and tribes where there are high 
        rates of firearms violence and threats of firearms 
        violence against intimate partners and other persons 
        protected under paragraphs (8), (9), and (10) of 
        section 922(g) and where local authorities lack the 
        resources to address such violence; and
          (2) make such appointments as described in subsection 
        (a) in jurisdictions where enhanced enforcement of such 
        paragraphs is necessary to reduce firearms homicide and 
        injury rates.
  (c) Qualified Defined.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``qualified'' means, with respect to an attorney, that the 
attorney is a licensed attorney in good standing with any 
relevant licensing authority.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                       CHAPTER 109A--SEXUAL ABUSE

Sec.
2241. Aggravated sexual abuse.
2242. Sexual abuse.
[2243. Sexual abuse of a minor or ward.]
2243. Sexual abuse of a minor or ward or by any person acting under 
          color of law.
2244. Abusive sexual contact.
2245. Sexual abuse resulting in death.
2246. Definitions for chapter.
2247. Repeat offenders.
2248. Mandatory restitution.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 2243. Sexual abuse of a minor or ward  or by any person acting 
                    under color of law

  (a) Of a Minor.--Whoever in the special maritime and 
territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal 
prison, or in any prison, institution, or facility in which 
persons are held in custody by direction of or pursuant to a 
contract or agreement with the head of any Federal department 
or agency, knowingly engages in a sexual act with another 
person who--
          (1) has attained the age of 12 years but has not 
        attained the age of 16 years; and
          (2) is at least four years younger than the person so 
        engaging;
or attempts to do so, shall be fined under this title, 
imprisoned not more than 15 years, or both.
  (b) Of a Ward.--Whoever, in the special maritime and 
territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal 
prison, or in any prison, institution, or facility in which 
persons are held in custody by direction of or pursuant to a 
contract or agreement with the head of any Federal department 
or agency, knowingly engages in a sexual act with another 
person who is--
          (1) in official detention; and
          (2) under the custodial, supervisory, or disciplinary 
        authority of the person so engaging;
or attempts to do so, shall be fined under this title, 
imprisoned not more than 15 years, or both.
  (c) Of an Individual by Any Person Acting Under Color of 
Law.--
          (1) In general.--Whoever, acting under color of law, 
        knowingly engages in a sexual act with an individual, 
        including an individual who is under arrest, in 
        detention, or otherwise in the actual custody of any 
        Federal law enforcement officer, shall be fined under 
        this title, imprisoned not more than 15 years, or both.
          (2) Definition.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``sexual act'' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 2246.
  [(c)] (d) Defenses.--(1) In a prosecution under subsection 
(a) of this section, it is a defense, which the defendant must 
establish by a preponderance of the evidence, that the 
defendant reasonably believed that the other person had 
attained the age of 16 years.
  (2) In a prosecution under this section, it is a defense, 
which the defendant must establish by a preponderance of the 
evidence, that the persons engaging in the sexual act were at 
that time married to each other.
  (3) In a prosecution under subsection (c), it is not a 
defense that the other individual consented to the sexual act.
  [(d)] (e) State of Mind Proof Requirement.--In a prosecution 
under subsection (a) of this section, the Government need not 
prove that the defendant knew--
          (1) the age of the other person engaging in the 
        sexual act; or
          (2) that the requisite age difference existed between 
        the persons so engaging.

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Sec. 2246. Definitions for chapter

   As used in this chapter--
          (1) the term ``prison'' means a correctional, 
        detention, or penal facility;
          (2) the term ``sexual act'' means--
                  (A) contact between the penis and the vulva 
                or the penis and the anus, and for purposes of 
                this subparagraph contact involving the penis 
                occurs upon penetration, however slight;
                  (B) contact between the mouth and the penis, 
                the mouth and the vulva, or the mouth and the 
                anus;
                  (C) the penetration, however slight, of the 
                anal or genital opening of another by a hand or 
                finger or by any object, with an intent to 
                abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or 
                gratify the sexual desire of any person; or
                  (D) the intentional touching, not through the 
                clothing, of the genitalia of another person 
                who has not attained the age of 16 years with 
                an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, 
                or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any 
                person;
          (3) the term ``sexual contact'' means the intentional 
        touching, either directly or through the clothing, of 
        the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or 
        buttocks of any person with an intent to abuse, 
        humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the 
        sexual desire of any person;
          (4) the term ``serious bodily injury'' means bodily 
        injury that involves a substantial risk of death, 
        unconsciousness, extreme physical pain, protracted and 
        obvious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment 
        of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental 
        faculty;
          (5) the term ``official detention'' means--
                  (A) detention by a Federal officer or 
                employee, or under the direction of a Federal 
                officer or employee, following arrest for an 
                offense; following surrender in lieu of arrest 
                for an offense; following a charge or 
                conviction of an offense, or an allegation or 
                finding of juvenile delinquency; following 
                commitment as a material witness; following 
                civil commitment in lieu of criminal 
                proceedings or pending resumption of criminal 
                proceedings that are being held in abeyance, or 
                pending extradition, deportation, or exclusion; 
                or
                  (B) custody by a Federal officer or employee, 
                or under the direction of a Federal officer or 
                employee, for purposes incident to any 
                detention described in subparagraph (A) of this 
                paragraph, including transportation, medical 
                diagnosis or treatment, court appearance, work, 
                and recreation;
        but does not include supervision or other control 
        (other than custody during specified hours or days) 
        after release on bail, probation, or parole, or after 
        release following a finding of juvenile delinquency; 
        [and]
          (6) the term ``State'' means a State of the United 
        States, the District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, 
        possession, or territory of the United States[.]; and
          (7) the term ``Federal law enforcement officer'' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 115.

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              CHAPTER 110A--DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND STALKING

Sec.
2261. Interstate domestic violence.
2261A. Interstate stalking.
2261B. Enhanced penalty for stalkers of children.

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Sec. 2261A. Stalking

   Whoever--
          (1) travels in interstate or foreign commerce or is 
        present within the special maritime and territorial 
        jurisdiction of the United States, or enters or leaves 
        Indian country, with the intent to kill, injure, 
        harass, intimidate, or place under surveillance with 
        intent to kill, injure, harass, or intimidate another 
        person, and in the course of, or as a result of, such 
        travel or presence engages in conduct that--
                  (A) places that person in reasonable fear of 
                the death of, or serious bodily injury to--
                          (i) that person;
                          (ii) an immediate family member (as 
                        defined in section 115) of that person;
                          (iii) a spouse or intimate partner of 
                        that person; or
                          (iv) the pet, service animal, 
                        emotional support animal, or horse of 
                        that person; or
                  (B) causes, attempts to cause, or would be 
                reasonably expected to cause substantial 
                emotional distress to a person described in 
                clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of subparagraph (A); 
                or
          (2) with the intent to kill, injure, harass, 
        intimidate, or place under surveillance with intent to 
        kill, injure, harass, or intimidate another person, 
        uses the mail, any interactive computer service or 
        electronic communication service or electronic 
        communication system of interstate commerce, or any 
        other facility of interstate or foreign commerce to 
        engage in a course of conduct that--
                  (A) places that person in reasonable fear of 
                the death of or serious bodily injury to a 
                person, a pet, a service animal, an emotional 
                support animal, or a horse described in clause 
                (i), (ii), (iii), or (iv) of paragraph (1)(A); 
                or
                  (B) causes, attempts to cause, or would be 
                reasonably expected to cause substantial 
                emotional distress to a person described in 
                clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of paragraph (1)(A),
shall be punished as provided in [section 2261(b) of this 
title] section 2261(b) or section 2262B, as the case may be.

Sec. 2261B. Enhanced penalty for stalkers of children

  (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), if the 
victim of an offense under section 2261A is under the age of 18 
years, the maximum term of imprisonment for the offense is 5 
years greater than the maximum term of imprisonment otherwise 
provided for that offense in section 2261.
  (b) Limitation.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to a person 
who violates section 2261A if--
          (1) the person is subject to a sentence under section 
        2261(b)(5); and
          (2)(A) the person is under the age of 18 at the time 
        the offense occurred; or
          (B) the victim of the offense is not less than 15 nor 
        more than 17 years of age and not more than 3 years 
        younger than the person who committed the offense at 
        the time the offense occurred.

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Sec. 2265. Full faith and credit given to protection orders

  (a) Full Faith and Credit.--Any protection order issued that 
is consistent with subsection (b) of this section by the court 
of one State, Indian tribe, or territory (the issuing State, 
Indian tribe, or territory) shall be accorded full faith and 
credit by the court of another State, Indian tribe, or 
territory (the enforcing State, Indian tribe, or territory) and 
enforced by the court and law enforcement personnel of the 
other State, Indian tribal government or Territory as if it 
were the order of the enforcing State or tribe.
  (b) Protection Order.--A protection order issued by a State, 
tribal, or territorial court is consistent with this subsection 
if--
          (1) such court has jurisdiction over the parties and 
        matter under the law of such State, Indian tribe, or 
        territory; and
          (2) reasonable notice and opportunity to be heard is 
        given to the person against whom the order is sought 
        sufficient to protect that person's right to due 
        process. In the case of ex parte orders, notice and 
        opportunity to be heard must be provided within the 
        time required by State, tribal, or territorial law, and 
        in any event within a reasonable time after the order 
        is issued, sufficient to protect the respondent's due 
        process rights.
  (c) Cross or Counter Petition.--A protection order issued by 
a State, tribal, or territorial court against one who has 
petitioned, filed a complaint, or otherwise filed a written 
pleading for protection against abuse by a spouse or intimate 
partner is not entitled to full faith and credit if--
          (1) no cross or counter petition, complaint, or other 
        written pleading was filed seeking such a protection 
        order; or
          (2) a cross or counter petition has been filed and 
        the court did not make specific findings that each 
        party was entitled to such an order.
  (d) Notification and Registration.--
          (1) Notification.--A State, Indian tribe, or 
        territory according full faith and credit to an order 
        by a court of another State, Indian tribe, or territory 
        shall not notify or require notification of the party 
        against whom a protection order has been issued that 
        the protection order has been registered or filed in 
        that enforcing State, tribal, or territorial 
        jurisdiction unless requested to do so by the party 
        protected under such order.
          (2) No prior registration or filing as prerequisite 
        for enforcement.--Any protection order that is 
        otherwise consistent with this section shall be 
        accorded full faith and credit, notwithstanding failure 
        to comply with any requirement that the order be 
        registered or filed in the enforcing State, tribal, or 
        territorial jurisdiction.
          (3) Limits on internet publication of registration 
        information.--A State, Indian tribe, or territory shall 
        not make available publicly on the Internet any 
        information regarding the registration, filing of a 
        petition for, or issuance of a protection order, 
        [restraining order or injunction,] restraining order, 
        or injunction in either the issuing or enforcing State, 
        tribal or territorial jurisdiction, if such publication 
        would be likely to publicly reveal the identity or 
        location of the party protected under such order. A 
        State, Indian tribe, or territory may share court-
        generated and law enforcement-generated information 
        contained in secure, governmental registries for 
        protection order enforcement purposes. The prohibition 
        under this paragraph applies to all protection orders 
        for the protection of a person residing within a State, 
        territorial, or tribal jurisdiction, whether or not the 
        protection order was issued by that State, territory, 
        or Tribe.
  (e) Tribal Court Jurisdiction.--For purposes of this section, 
a court of an Indian tribe shall have full civil jurisdiction 
to issue and enforce protection orders involving any person, 
including the authority to enforce any orders through civil 
contempt proceedings, to exclude violators from Indian land, 
and to use other appropriate mechanisms, in matters arising 
anywhere in the Indian country of the Indian tribe (as defined 
in section 1151) or otherwise within the authority of the 
Indian tribe. This applies to all Alaska tribes without respect 
to ``Indian country'' or the population of the Native village 
associated with the Tribe.

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PART II--CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

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CHAPTER 229--POSTSENTENCE ADMINISTRATION

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SUBCHAPTER C--IMPRISONMENT

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Sec. 3621. Imprisonment of a convicted person

  (a) Commitment to Custody of Bureau of Prisons.--A person who 
has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment pursuant to the 
provisions of subchapter D of chapter 227 shall be committed to 
the custody of the Bureau of Prisons until the expiration of 
the term imposed, or until earlier released for satisfactory 
behavior pursuant to the provisions of section 3624.
  (b) Place of Imprisonment.--The Bureau of Prisons shall 
designate the place of the prisoner's imprisonment, and shall, 
subject to bed availability, the prisoner's security 
designation, the prisoner's programmatic needs, the prisoner's 
mental and medical health needs, any request made by the 
prisoner related to faith-based needs, recommendations of the 
sentencing court, and other security concerns of the Bureau of 
Prisons, place the prisoner in a facility as close as 
practicable to the prisoner's primary residence, and to the 
extent practicable, in a facility within 500 driving miles of 
that residence. The Bureau shall, subject to consideration of 
the factors described in the preceding sentence and the 
prisoner's preference for staying at his or her current 
facility or being transferred, transfer prisoners to facilities 
that are closer to the prisoner's primary residence even if the 
prisoner is already in a facility within 500 driving miles of 
that residence. The Bureau may designate any available penal or 
correctional facility that meets minimum standards of health 
and habitability established by the Bureau, whether maintained 
by the Federal Government or otherwise and whether within or 
without the judicial district in which the person was 
convicted, that the Bureau determines to be appropriate and 
suitable, considering--
          (1) the resources of the facility contemplated;
          (2) the nature and circumstances of the offense;
          (3) the history and characteristics of the prisoner;
          (4) any statement by the court that imposed the 
        sentence--
                  (A) concerning the purposes for which the 
                sentence to imprisonment was determined to be 
                warranted; or
                  (B) recommending a type of penal or 
                correctional facility as appropriate; and
          (5) any pertinent policy statement issued by the 
        Sentencing Commission pursuant to section 994(a)(2) of 
        title 28.
In designating the place of imprisonment or making transfers 
under this subsection, there shall be no favoritism given to 
prisoners of high social or economic status. The Bureau may at 
any time, having regard for the same matters, direct the 
transfer of a prisoner from one penal or correctional facility 
to another. The Bureau shall make available appropriate 
substance abuse treatment for each prisoner the Bureau 
determines has a treatable condition of substance addiction or 
abuse. Any order, recommendation, or request by a sentencing 
court that a convicted person serve a term of imprisonment in a 
community corrections facility shall have no binding effect on 
the authority of the Bureau under this section to determine or 
change the place of imprisonment of that person. 
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a designation of a 
place of imprisonment under this subsection is not reviewable 
by any court.
  (c) Delivery of Order of Commitment.--When a prisoner, 
pursuant to a court order, is placed in the custody of a person 
in charge of a penal or correctional facility, a copy of the 
order shall be delivered to such person as evidence of this 
authority to hold the prisoner, and the original order, with 
the return endorsed thereon, shall be returned to the court 
that issued it.
  (d) Delivery of Prisoner for Court Appearances.--The United 
States marshal shall, without charge, bring a prisoner into 
court or return him to a prison facility on order of a court of 
the United States or on written request of an attorney for the 
Government.
  (e) Substance Abuse Treatment.--
          (1) Phase-in.--In order to carry out the requirement 
        of the last sentence of subsection (b) of this section, 
        that every prisoner with a substance abuse problem have 
        the opportunity to participate in appropriate substance 
        abuse treatment, the Bureau of Prisons shall, subject 
        to the availability of appropriations, provide 
        residential substance abuse treatment (and make 
        arrangements for appropriate aftercare)--
                  (A) for not less than 50 percent of eligible 
                prisoners by the end of fiscal year 1995, with 
                priority for such treatment accorded based on 
                an eligible prisoner's proximity to release 
                date;
                  (B) for not less than 75 percent of eligible 
                prisoners by the end of fiscal year 1996, with 
                priority for such treatment accorded based on 
                an eligible prisoner's proximity to release 
                date; and
                  (C) for all eligible prisoners by the end of 
                fiscal year 1997 and thereafter, with priority 
                for such treatment accorded based on an 
                eligible prisoner's proximity to release date.
          (2) Incentive for prisoners' successful completion of 
        treatment program.--
                  (A) Generally.--Any prisoner who, in the 
                judgment of the Director of the Bureau of 
                Prisons, has successfully completed a program 
                of residential substance abuse treatment 
                provided under paragraph (1) of this 
                subsection, shall remain in the custody of the 
                Bureau under such conditions as the Bureau 
                deems appropriate. If the conditions of 
                confinement are different from those the 
                prisoner would have experienced absent the 
                successful completion of the treatment, the 
                Bureau shall periodically test the prisoner for 
                substance abuse and discontinue such conditions 
                on determining that substance abuse has 
                recurred.
                  (B) Period of custody.--The period a prisoner 
                convicted of a nonviolent offense remains in 
                custody after successfully completing a 
                treatment program may be reduced by the Bureau 
                of Prisons, but such reduction may not be more 
                than one year from the term the prisoner must 
                otherwise serve.
          (3) Report.--The Bureau of Prisons shall transmit to 
        the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives on January 1, 1995, and on 
        January 1 of each year thereafter, a report. Such 
        report shall contain--
                  (A) a detailed quantitative and qualitative 
                description of each substance abuse treatment 
                program, residential or not, operated by the 
                Bureau;
                  (B) a full explanation of how eligibility for 
                such programs is determined, with complete 
                information on what proportion of prisoners 
                with substance abuse problems are eligible; and
                  (C) a complete statement of to what extent 
                the Bureau has achieved compliance with the 
                requirements of this title.
          (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to carry out this subsection such sums as 
        may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2007 through 
        2011.
          (5) Definitions.--As used in this subsection--
                  (A) the term ``residential substance abuse 
                treatment'' means a course of individual and 
                group activities and treatment, lasting at 
                least 6 months, in residential treatment 
                facilities set apart from the general prison 
                population (which may include the use of 
                pharmocotherapies, where appropriate, that may 
                extend beyond the 6-month period);
                  (B) the term ``eligible prisoner'' means a 
                prisoner who is--
                          (i) determined by the Bureau of 
                        Prisons to have a substance abuse 
                        problem; and
                          (ii) willing to participate in a 
                        residential substance abuse treatment 
                        program; and
                  (C) the term ``aftercare'' means placement, 
                case management and monitoring of the 
                participant in a community-based substance 
                abuse treatment program when the participant 
                leaves the custody of the Bureau of Prisons.
          (6) Coordination of federal assistance.--The Bureau 
        of Prisons shall consult with the Department of Health 
        and Human Services concerning substance abuse treatment 
        and related services and the incorporation of 
        applicable components of existing comprehensive 
        approaches including relapse prevention and aftercare 
        services.
          (7) Eligibility of primary caretaker parents and 
        pregnant women.--The Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
        may not prohibit an eligible prisoner who is a primary 
        caretaker parent (as defined in section 4050) or 
        pregnant from participating in a program of residential 
        substance abuse treatment provided under paragraph (1) 
        on the basis of a failure by the eligible prisoner, 
        before being committed to the custody of the Bureau of 
        Prisons, to disclose to any official of the Bureau of 
        Prisons that the prisoner had a substance abuse problem 
        on or before the date on which the eligible prisoner 
        was committed to the custody of the Bureau of Prisons.
  (f) Sex Offender Management.--
          (1) In general.--The Bureau of Prisons shall make 
        available appropriate treatment to sex offenders who 
        are in need of and suitable for treatment, as follows:
                  (A) Sex offender management programs.--The 
                Bureau of Prisons shall establish non-
                residential sex offender management programs to 
                provide appropriate treatment, monitoring, and 
                supervision of sex offenders and to provide 
                aftercare during pre-release custody.
                  (B) Residential sex offender treatment 
                programs.--The Bureau of Prisons shall 
                establish residential sex offender treatment 
                programs to provide treatment to sex offenders 
                who volunteer for such programs and are deemed 
                by the Bureau of Prisons to be in need of and 
                suitable for residential treatment.
          (2) Regions.--At least 1 sex offender management 
        program under paragraph (1)(A), and at least one 
        residential sex offender treatment program under 
        paragraph (1)(B), shall be established in each region 
        within the Bureau of Prisons.
          (3) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to the Bureau of Prisons 
        for each fiscal year such sums as may be necessary to 
        carry out this subsection.
  (g) Continued Access to Medical Care.--
          (1) In general.--In order to ensure a minimum 
        standard of health and habitability, the Bureau of 
        Prisons should ensure that each prisoner in a community 
        confinement facility has access to necessary medical 
        care, mental health care, and medicine through 
        partnerships with local health service providers and 
        transition planning.
          (2) Definition.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``community confinement'' has the meaning given that 
        term in the application notes under section 5F1.1 of 
        the Federal Sentencing Guidelines Manual, as in effect 
        on the date of the enactment of the Second Chance Act 
        of 2007.
  (h) Implementation of Risk and Needs Assessment System.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        Attorney General completes and releases the risk and 
        needs assessment system (referred to in this subsection 
        as the ``System'') developed under subchapter D, the 
        Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall, in accordance 
        with that subchapter--
                  (A) implement and complete the initial intake 
                risk and needs assessment for each prisoner 
                (including for each prisoner who was a prisoner 
                prior to the effective date of this 
                subsection), regardless of the prisoner's 
                length of imposed term of imprisonment, and 
                begin to assign prisoners to appropriate 
                evidence-based recidivism reduction programs 
                based on that determination;
                  (B) begin to expand the effective evidence-
                based recidivism reduction programs and 
                productive activities it offers and add any new 
                evidence-based recidivism reduction programs 
                and productive activities necessary to 
                effectively implement the System; and
                  (C) begin to implement the other risk and 
                needs assessment tools necessary to effectively 
                implement the System over time, while prisoners 
                are participating in and completing the 
                effective evidence-based recidivism reduction 
                programs and productive activities.
          (2) Phase-in.--In order to carry out paragraph (1), 
        so that every prisoner has the opportunity to 
        participate in and complete the type and amount of 
        evidence-based recidivism reduction programs or 
        productive activities they need, and be reassessed for 
        recidivism risk as necessary to effectively implement 
        the System, the Bureau of Prisons shall--
                  (A) provide such evidence-based recidivism 
                reduction programs and productive activities 
                for all prisoners before the date that is 2 
                years after the date on which the Bureau of 
                Prisons completes a risk and needs assessment 
                for each prisoner under paragraph (1)(A); and
                  (B) develop and validate the risk and needs 
                assessment tool to be used in the reassessments 
                of risk of recidivism, while prisoners are 
                participating in and completing evidence-based 
                recidivism reduction programs and productive 
                activities.
          (3) Priority during phase-in.--During the 2-year 
        period described in paragraph (2)(A), the priority for 
        such programs and activities shall be accorded based on 
        a prisoner's proximity to release date.
          (4) Preliminary expansion of evidence-based 
        recidivism reduction programs and authority to use 
        incentives.--Beginning on the date of enactment of this 
        subsection, the Bureau of Prisons may begin to expand 
        any evidence-based recidivism reduction programs and 
        productive activities that exist at a prison as of such 
        date, and may offer to prisoners who successfully 
        participate in such programs and activities the 
        incentives and rewards described in subchapter D.
          (5) Recidivism reduction partnerships.--In order to 
        expand evidence-based recidivism reduction programs and 
        productive activities, the Attorney General shall 
        develop policies for the warden of each prison of the 
        Bureau of Prisons to enter into partnerships, subject 
        to the availability of appropriations, with any of the 
        following:
                  (A) Nonprofit and other private 
                organizations, including faith-based, art, and 
                community-based organizations that will deliver 
                recidivism reduction programming on a paid or 
                volunteer basis.
                  (B) Institutions of higher education (as 
                defined in section 101 of the Higher Education 
                Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) that will deliver 
                instruction on a paid or volunteer basis.
                  (C) Private entities that will--
                          (i) deliver vocational training and 
                        certifications;
                          (ii) provide equipment to facilitate 
                        vocational training or employment 
                        opportunities for prisoners;
                          (iii) employ prisoners; or
                          (iv) assist prisoners in prerelease 
                        custody or supervised release in 
                        finding employment.
                  (D) Industry-sponsored organizations that 
                will deliver workforce development and 
                training, on a paid or volunteer basis.
          (6) Requirement to provide programs to all prisoners; 
        priority.--The Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall 
        provide all prisoners with the opportunity to actively 
        participate in evidence-based recidivism reduction 
        programs or productive activities, according to their 
        specific criminogenic needs, throughout their entire 
        term of incarceration. Priority for participation in 
        recidivism reduction programs shall be given to medium-
        risk and high-risk prisoners, with access to productive 
        activities given to minimum-risk and low-risk 
        prisoners.
          (7) Definitions.--The terms in this subsection have 
        the meaning given those terms in section 3635.

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PART III--PRISONS AND PRISONERS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                     CHAPTER 303--BUREAU OF PRISONS

Sec.
4041. Bureau of Prisons; director and employees.
4050. Secure firearms storage.
4050. Treatment of primary caretaker parents and other individuals.

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Sec. 4050. Treatment of primary caretaker parents and other individuals

  (a) Definitions.--In this section--
          (1) the term ``correctional officer'' means a 
        correctional officer of the Bureau of Prisons;
          (2) the term ``covered institution'' means a Federal 
        penal or correctional institution;
          (3) the term ``Director'' means the Director of the 
        Bureau of Prisons;
          (4) the term ``post-partum recovery'' means the first 
        8-week period of post-partum recovery after giving 
        birth;
          (5) the term ``primary caretaker parent'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 31903 of the Family 
        Unity Demonstration Project Act (34 U.S.C. 12242);
          (6) the term ``prisoner'' means an individual who is 
        incarcerated in a Federal penal or correctional 
        institution, including a vulnerable person; and
          (7) the term ``vulnerable person'' means an 
        individual who--
                  (A) is under 21 years of age or over 60 years 
                of age;
                  (B) is pregnant;
                  (C) identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual, 
                transgender, or intersex;
                  (D) is victim or witness of a crime;
                  (E) has filed a nonfrivolous civil rights 
                claim in Federal or State court;
                  (F) has a serious mental or physical illness 
                or disability; or
                  (G) during the period of incarceration, has 
                been determined to have experienced or to be 
                experiencing severe trauma or to be the victim 
                of gender-based violence--
                          (i) by any court or administrative 
                        judicial proceeding;
                          (ii) by any corrections official;
                          (iii) by the individual's attorney or 
                        legal service provider; or
                          (iv) by the individual.
  (b) Geographic Placement.--
          (1) Establishment of office.--The Director shall 
        establish within the Bureau of Prisons an office that 
        determines the placement of prisoners.
          (2) Placement of prisoners.--In determining the 
        placement of a prisoner, the office established under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                  (A) if the prisoner has children, place the 
                prisoner as close to the children as possible;
                  (B) in deciding whether to assign a 
                transgender or intersex prisoner to a facility 
                for male or female prisoners, and in making 
                other housing and programming assignments, 
                consider on a case-by-case basis whether a 
                placement would ensure the prisoner's health 
                and safety, including serious consideration of 
                the prisoner's own views with respect to their 
                safety, and whether the placement would present 
                management or security problems; and
                  (C) consider any other factor that the office 
                determines to be appropriate.
  (c) Prohibition on Placement of Pregnant Prisoners or 
Prisoners in Post-partum Recovery in Segregated Housing 
Units.--
          (1) Placement in segregated housing units.--A covered 
        institution may not place a prisoner who is pregnant or 
        in post-partum recovery in a segregated housing unit 
        unless the prisoner presents an immediate risk of harm 
        to the prisoner or others.
          (2) Restrictions.--Any placement of a prisoner 
        described in subparagraph (A) in a segregated housing 
        unit shall be limited and temporary.
  (d) Parenting Classes.--The Director shall provide parenting 
classes to each prisoner who is a primary caretaker parent.
  (e) Trauma Screening.--The Director shall provide training to 
each correctional officer and each employee of the Bureau of 
Prisons who regularly interacts with prisoners, including each 
instructor and health care professional, to enable those 
correctional officers and employees to--
          (1) identify a prisoner who has a mental or physical 
        health need relating to trauma the prisoner has 
        experienced; and
          (2) refer a prisoner described in paragraph (1) to 
        the proper healthcare professional for treatment.
  (f) Inmate Health.--
          (1) Health care access.--The Director shall ensure 
        that all prisoners receive adequate health care.
          (2) Hygienic products.--The Director shall make 
        essential hygienic products, including shampoo, 
        toothpaste, toothbrushes, and any other hygienic 
        product that the Director determines appropriate, 
        available without charge to prisoners.
          (3) Gynecologist access.--The Director shall ensure 
        that all prisoners have access to a gynecologist as 
        appropriate.
  (g) Use of Sex-appropriate Correctional Officers.--
          (1) Regulations.--The Director shall make rules under 
        which--
                  (A) a correctional officer may not conduct a 
                strip search of a prisoner of the opposite sex 
                unless--
                          (i) the prisoner presents a risk of 
                        immediate harm to the prisoner or 
                        others, and no other correctional 
                        officer of the same sex as the 
                        prisoner, or medical staff is available 
                        to assist; or
                          (ii) the prisoner has previously 
                        requested that an officer of a 
                        different sex conduct searches;
                  (B) a correctional officer may not enter a 
                restroom reserved for prisoners of the opposite 
                sex unless--
                          (i) a prisoner in the restroom 
                        presents a risk of immediate harm to 
                        themselves or others; or
                          (ii) there is a medical emergency in 
                        the restroom and no other correctional 
                        officer of the appropriate sex is 
                        available to assist;
                  (C) a transgender prisoner's sex is 
                determined according to the sex with which they 
                identify; and
                  (D) a correctional officer may not search or 
                physically examine a prisoner for the sole 
                purpose of determining the prisoner's genital 
                status or sex.
          (2) Relation to other laws.--Nothing in paragraph (1) 
        shall be construed to affect the requirements under the 
        Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (42 U.S.C. 15601 et 
        seq.).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


             JUSTICE FOR VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING ACT OF 2015



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE IV--RAPE SURVIVOR CHILD CUSTODY

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 409. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
title $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years [2015 through 2019] 
2020 through 2024.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


         VIOLENT CRIME CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE IV--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle A--Safe Streets for Women

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 5--ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 40152. TRAINING PROGRAMS.

  (a) In General.--The Attorney General, after consultation 
with victim advocates and individuals who have expertise in 
treating sex offenders, shall establish criteria and develop 
training programs to assist probation and parole officers and 
other personnel who work with released sex offenders in the 
areas of--
          (1) case management;
          (2) supervision; and
          (3) relapse prevention.
  (b) Training Programs.--The Attorney General shall ensure, to 
the extent practicable, that training programs developed under 
subsection (a) are available in geographically diverse 
locations throughout the country.
  (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 2020 through 2024.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle B--Safe Homes for Women

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    CHAPTER 10--RURAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND CHILD ABUSE ENFORCEMENT

SEC. 40295. RURAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, 
                    STALKING, AND CHILD ABUSE ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE.

  (a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
          (1) to identify, assess, and appropriately respond to 
        child, youth, and adult victims of domestic violence, 
        sexual assault, dating violence, and stalking in rural 
        communities, by encouraging collaboration among--
                  (A) domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, and stalking victim service 
                providers;
                  (B) law enforcement agencies;
                  (C) prosecutors;
                  (D) courts;
                  (E) other criminal justice service providers;
                  (F) human and community service providers;
                  (G) educational institutions; and
                  (H) health care providers, including sexual 
                assault forensic examiners;
          (2) to establish and expand nonprofit, 
        nongovernmental, State, tribal, territorial, and local 
        government victim services in rural communities to 
        child, youth, and adult victims; and
          (3) to increase the safety and well-being of [women] 
        adults, youth, and children in rural communities, by--
                  (A) dealing directly and immediately with 
                domestic violence, sexual assault, dating 
                violence, and stalking occurring in rural 
                communities; and
                  (B) creating and implementing strategies to 
                increase awareness and prevent domestic 
                violence, sexual assault, dating violence, and 
                stalking.
  (b) Grants Authorized.--The Attorney General, acting through 
the Director of the Office on Violence Against Women (referred 
to in this section as the ``Director''), may award grants to 
States, Indian tribes, local governments, and nonprofit, public 
or private entities, including tribal nonprofit organizations, 
to carry out programs serving rural areas or rural communities 
that address domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, and stalking by--
          (1) implementing, expanding, and establishing 
        cooperative efforts and projects among law enforcement 
        officers, prosecutors, victim service providers, and 
        other related parties to investigate and prosecute 
        incidents of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking, including developing 
        multidisciplinary teams focusing on high risk cases 
        with the goal of preventing domestic and dating 
        violence homicides;
          (2) providing treatment, counseling, advocacy, legal 
        assistance, and other long-term and short-term victim 
        and population specific services to adult and minor 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking in rural communities, including 
        assistance in immigration matters;
          (3) working in cooperation with the community to 
        develop education and prevention strategies directed 
        toward such issues; and
          (4) developing, enlarging, or strengthening programs 
        addressing sexual assault, including sexual assault 
        forensic examiner programs, Sexual Assault Response 
        Teams, law enforcement training, and programs 
        addressing rape kit backlogs.
          (5) developing programs and strategies that focus on 
        the specific needs of victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking who 
        reside in remote rural and geographically isolated 
        areas, including addressing the challenges posed by the 
        lack of access to shelters and victims services, and 
        limited law enforcement resources and training, and 
        providing training and resources to Community Health 
        Aides involved in the delivery of Indian Health Service 
        programs.
  (c) Use of Funds.--Funds appropriated pursuant to this 
section shall be used only for specific programs and activities 
expressly described in subsection (a).
  (d) Allotments and Priorities.--
          (1) Allotment for indian tribes.--
                  (A) In general.--Not less than 10 percent of 
                the total amount available under this section 
                for each fiscal year shall be available for 
                grants under the program authorized by section 
                2015 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
                Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-10).
                  (B) Applicability of part.--The requirements 
                of this section shall not apply to funds 
                allocated for the program described in 
                subparagraph (A).
          (2) Allotment for sexual assault.--
                  (A) In general.--Not less than 25 percent of 
                the total amount appropriated in a fiscal year 
                under this section shall fund services that 
                meaningfully address sexual assault in rural 
                communities, however at such time as the 
                amounts appropriated reach the amount of 
                $45,000,000, the percentage allocated shall 
                rise to 30 percent of the total amount 
                appropriated, at such time as the amounts 
                appropriated reach the amount of $50,000,000, 
                the percentage allocated shall rise to 35 
                percent of the total amount appropriated, and 
                at such time as the amounts appropriated reach 
                the amount of $55,000,000, the percentage 
                allocated shall rise to 40 percent of the 
                amounts appropriated.
                  (B) Multiple purpose applications.--Nothing 
                in this section shall prohibit any applicant 
                from applying for funding to address sexual 
                assault, domestic violence, stalking, or dating 
                violence in the same application.
          (3) Allotment for technical assistance.--Of the 
        amounts appropriated for each fiscal year to carry out 
        this section, not more than 8 percent may be used by 
        the Director for technical assistance costs. Of the 
        amounts appropriated in this subsection, no less than 
        25 percent of such amounts shall be available to a 
        nonprofit, nongovernmental organization or 
        organizations whose focus and expertise is in 
        addressing sexual assault to provide technical 
        assistance to sexual assault grantees.
          (4) Underserved populations.--In awarding grants 
        under this section, the Director shall give priority to 
        the needs of underserved populations.
          (5) Allocation of funds for rural states.--Not less 
        than 75 percent of the total amount made available for 
        each fiscal year to carry out this section shall be 
        allocated to eligible entities located in rural States.
  (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years [2014 
        through 2018] 2020 through 2024 to carry out this 
        section.
          (2) Additional funding.--In addition to funds 
        received through a grant under subsection (b), a law 
        enforcement agency may use funds received through a 
        grant under part Q of title I of the Omnibus Crime 
        Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd 
        et seq.) to accomplish the objectives of this section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle F--National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 40603. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
subtitle $3,000,000 for fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 2020 
through 2024.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


 Subtitle H--Enhanced Training and Services To End Abuse Later in Life

SEC. 40801. [ENHANCED TRAINING]  TRAINING AND SERVICES TO END ABUSE IN 
                    LATER LIFE.

  The Attorney General shall make grants to eligible entities 
in accordance with the following:
  [(a) Definitions.--In this section--
          [(1) the term ``exploitation'' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 2011 of the Social Security Act (42 
        U.S.C. 1397j);
          [(2) the term ``later life'', relating to an 
        individual, means the individual is 50 years of age or 
        older; and
          [(3) the term ``neglect'' means the failure of a 
        caregiver or fiduciary to provide the goods or services 
        that are necessary to maintain the health or safety of 
        an individual in later life.]
  [(b) Grant Program.--]
          [(1) Grants authorized.--The Attorney General may 
        make grants to eligible entities to carry out the 
        activities described in paragraph (2).]
          [(2)] (1) Mandatory and permissible activities.--
                  (A) Mandatory activities.--An eligible entity 
                receiving a grant under this section shall use 
                the funds received under the grant to--
                          (i) provide training programs to 
                        assist law enforcement agencies, 
                        prosecutors, agencies of States or 
                        units of local government, population 
                        specific organizations, victim service 
                        providers, victim advocates, and 
                        relevant officers in Federal, tribal, 
                        State, territorial, and local courts in 
                        recognizing and addressing instances of 
                        elder abuse and abuse in later life;
                          (ii) provide or enhance services for 
                        victims of elder abuse and abuse in 
                        later life[, including domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, stalking, exploitation, and 
                        neglect];
                          (iii) establish or support 
                        multidisciplinary collaborative 
                        community responses to victims of elder 
                        abuse and abuse in later life[, 
                        including domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, stalking, 
                        exploitation, and neglect]; and
                          (iv) conduct cross-training for law 
                        enforcement agencies, prosecutors, 
                        agencies of States or units of local 
                        government, attorneys, health care 
                        providers, population specific 
                        organizations, faith-based [advocates, 
                        victim service providers, and courts to 
                        better serve victims of abuse in later 
                        life] leaders, victim advocates, victim 
                        service providers, courts, and first 
                        responders to better serve older 
                        victims [, including domestic violence, 
                        dating violence, sexual assault, 
                        stalking, exploitation, and neglect].
                  (B) Permissible activities.--An eligible 
                entity receiving a grant under this section may 
                use the funds received under the grant to--
                          (i) provide training programs to 
                        assist attorneys, health care 
                        providers, faith-based leaders, [or 
                        other community-based organizations in 
                        recognizing and addressing instances of 
                        abuse in later life] community-based 
                        organizations, or other professionals 
                        who may identify or respond to abuse in 
                        later life [, including domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, stalking, exploitation, and 
                        neglect]; or
                          (ii) conduct outreach activities and 
                        awareness campaigns to ensure that 
                        victims of elder abuse and abuse in 
                        later life[, including domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, stalking, exploitation, and 
                        neglect] receive appropriate 
                        assistance.
                  (C) Waiver.--The Attorney General may waive 1 
                or more of the activities described in 
                subparagraph (A) upon making a determination 
                that the activity would duplicate services 
                available in the community.
                  (D) Limitation.--An eligible entity receiving 
                a grant under this section may use not more 
                than 10 percent of the total funds received 
                under the grant for an activity described in 
                [subparagraph (B)(ii)] paragraph (2)(B).
          [(3)] (2) Eligible entities.--An entity shall be 
        eligible to receive a grant under this section if--
                  (A) the entity is--
                          (i) a State;
                          (ii) a unit of local government;
                          (iii) a tribal government or tribal 
                        organization;
                          (iv) a population specific 
                        organization with demonstrated 
                        experience in assisting individuals 
                        [over 50 years of age] 50 years of age 
                        or over;
                          (v) a victim service provider with 
                        demonstrated experience in addressing 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, and stalking; or
                          (vi) a State, tribal, or territorial 
                        domestic violence or sexual assault 
                        coalition; and
                  (B) the entity demonstrates that it is part 
                of a multidisciplinary partnership that 
                includes, at a minimum--
                          (i) a law enforcement agency;
                          (ii) a prosecutor's office;
                          (iii) a victim service provider; and
                          (iv) a nonprofit program or 
                        government agency with demonstrated 
                        experience in assisting individuals [in 
                        later life] 50 years of age or over;
          [(4)] (3) Underserved populations.--In making grants 
        under this section, the Attorney General shall give 
        priority to proposals providing services to culturally 
        specific and underserved populations.
          [(5)] (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
        $9,000,000 for each of fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 
        2020 through 2024.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


   Subtitle L--Services, Education, Protection and Justice for Young 
                          Victims of Violence

SEC. 41201. CREATING HOPE THROUGH OUTREACH, OPTIONS, SERVICES, AND 
                    EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH (``CHOOSE CHILDREN 
                    & YOUTH'').

  (a) Grants Authorized.--The Attorney General, working in 
collaboration with the Secretary of Health and Human Services 
and the Secretary of Education, shall award grants to enhance 
the safety of youth and children who are victims of, or exposed 
to, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
[stalking, or sex trafficking] or stalking and prevent future 
violence. Grants awarded under this section may be used to 
address sex trafficking or bullying as part of a comprehensive 
program focused primarily on domestic violence, dating 
violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
  (b) Program Purposes.--Funds provided under this section may 
be used for the following program purpose areas:
          (1) Services to advocate for and respond to youth.--
        To develop, expand, and strengthen victim-centered 
        interventions and services that [target youth who are 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, stalking, and sex trafficking] target youth, 
        including youth in underserved populations who are 
        victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking. Services may include victim services, 
        counseling, advocacy, mentoring, educational support, 
        transportation, legal assistance in civil, criminal and 
        administrative matters, such as family law cases, 
        housing cases, child welfare proceedings, campus 
        administrative proceedings, and civil protection order 
        proceedings, population-specific services, and other 
        activities that support youth in finding safety, 
        stability, and justice and in addressing the emotional, 
        cognitive, and physical effects of trauma. Funds may be 
        used to--
                  (A) assess and analyze currently available 
                services for youth victims of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
                [stalking, and sex trafficking] and stalking, 
                determining relevant barriers to such services 
                in a particular locality, and developing a 
                community protocol to address such problems 
                collaboratively;
                  (B) develop and implement policies, 
                practices, and procedures to effectively 
                respond to domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, [stalking, or sex trafficking] 
                or stalking against youth; [or]
                  (C) provide technical assistance and training 
                to enhance the ability of school personnel, 
                victim service providers, child protective 
                service workers, staff of law enforcement 
                agencies, prosecutors, court personnel, 
                individuals who work in after school programs, 
                medical personnel, social workers, mental 
                health personnel, and workers in other programs 
                that serve children and youth to improve their 
                ability to appropriately respond to the needs 
                of children and youth who are victims of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, [stalking, and sex trafficking] or 
                stalking, and to properly refer such children, 
                youth, and their families to appropriate 
                services[.]; or
                  (D) clarify State or local mandatory 
                reporting policies and practices regarding 
                peer-to-peer dating violence, sexual assault, 
                and stalking.
          (2) Supporting youth through education and 
        protection.--To enable middle schools, high schools, 
        and institutions of higher education to--
                  (A) provide training to school personnel, 
                including healthcare providers and security 
                personnel, on the needs of students who are 
                victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, [stalking, or sex trafficking] 
                or stalking;
                  (B) develop and implement prevention and 
                intervention policies in middle and high 
                schools, including appropriate responses to, 
                and identification and referral procedures for, 
                students who are experiencing or perpetrating 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, [stalking, or sex trafficking] or 
                stalking, and procedures for handling the 
                requirements of court protective orders issued 
                to or against students;
                  (C) provide confidential support services for 
                student victims of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, [stalking, or sex 
                trafficking] or stalking, such as a resource 
                person who is either on-site or on-call;
                  (D) implement developmentally appropriate 
                educational programming for students regarding 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, [stalking, and sex trafficking] and 
                stalking and the impact of such violence on 
                youth; or
                  (E) develop strategies to increase 
                identification, support, referrals, and 
                prevention programming for youth, including 
                youth in underserved populations, who are at 
                high risk of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, [stalking, or sex 
                trafficking] or stalking.
  (c) Eligible Applicants.--
          (1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
        under this section, an entity shall be--
                  (A) a victim service provider, tribal 
                nonprofit, or population-specific or community-
                based organization with a demonstrated history 
                of effective work addressing the needs of youth 
                who are, including runaway or homeless youth 
                affected by, victims of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, [stalking, or 
                sex trafficking] or stalking;
                  (B) a victim service provider that is 
                partnered with an entity that has a 
                demonstrated history of effective work 
                addressing the needs of youth; or
                  (C) a public, charter, tribal, or nationally 
                accredited private middle or high school, a 
                school administered by the Department of 
                Defense under section 2164 of title 10, United 
                States Code or section 1402 of the Defense 
                Dependents' Education Act of 1978, a group of 
                schools, a school district, or an institution 
                of higher education.
          (2) Partnerships.--
                  (A) Education.--To be eligible to receive a 
                grant for the purposes described in subsection 
                (b)(2), an entity described in [paragraph (1)] 
                subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) shall 
                be partnered with a public, charter, tribal, or 
                nationally accredited private middle or high 
                school, a school administered by the Department 
                of Defense under section 2164 of title 10, 
                United States Code or section 1402 of the 
                Defense Dependents' Education Act of 1978, a 
                group of schools, a school district, or an 
                institution of higher education.
                  (B) Other partnerships.--All applicants under 
                this section are encouraged to work in 
                partnership with organizations and agencies 
                that work with the relevant population. Such 
                entities may include--
                          (i) a State, tribe, unit of local 
                        government, or territory;
                          (ii) a population specific or 
                        community-based organization;
                          (iii) batterer intervention programs 
                        or sex offender treatment programs with 
                        specialized knowledge and experience 
                        working with youth offenders; or
                          (iv) any other agencies or nonprofit, 
                        nongovernmental organizations with the 
                        capacity to provide effective 
                        assistance to the adult, youth, and 
                        child victims served by the 
                        partnership.
  (d) Grantee Requirements.--Applicants for grants under this 
section shall establish and implement policies, practices, and 
procedures that--
          (1) require and include appropriate referral systems 
        for child and youth victims;
          (2) protect the confidentiality and privacy of child 
        and youth victim information, particularly in the 
        context of parental or third party involvement and 
        consent, mandatory reporting duties, and working with 
        other service providers all with priority on victim 
        safety and autonomy; and
          (3) ensure that all individuals providing 
        intervention or prevention programming to children or 
        youth through a program funded under this section have 
        completed, or will complete, sufficient training in 
        connection with domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, [stalking, and sex trafficking] and 
        stalking, including training on working with youth in 
        underserved populations.
  (e) Definitions and Grant Conditions.--In this section, the 
definitions and grant conditions provided for in section 40002 
shall apply.
  (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out this section, [$15,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018] $25,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
  (g) Allotment.--
          (1) In general.--Not less than 50 percent of the 
        total amount appropriated under this section for each 
        fiscal year shall be used for the purposes described in 
        subsection (b)(1).
          (2) Indian tribes.--Not less than 10 percent of the 
        total amount appropriated under this section for each 
        fiscal year shall be made available for grants under 
        the program authorized by section 2015 of the Omnibus 
        Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968. The 
        requirements of this section shall not apply to funds 
        allocated under this paragraph.
  (h) Priority.--The Attorney General shall prioritize grant 
applications under this section that coordinate with prevention 
programs in the community.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                  Subtitle O--National Resource Center

SEC. 41501. GRANT FOR NATIONAL RESOURCE CENTER ON WORKPLACE RESPONSES 
                    TO ASSIST VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE.

  (a) Authority.--The Attorney General, acting through the 
Director of the Office on Violence Against Women, may award a 
grant to an eligible nonprofit nongovernmental entity or tribal 
organization, in order to provide for the establishment and 
operation of a national resource center on workplace responses 
to assist victims of domestic and sexual violence and sexual 
harassment. The resource center shall provide information and 
assistance to [employers and labor organizations] employers, 
labor organizations, and victim service providers to aid in 
their efforts to develop and implement responses to such 
violence.
  (b) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
this section, an entity or organization shall submit an 
application to the Attorney General at such time, in such 
manner, and containing such information as the Attorney General 
may require, including--
          (1) information that demonstrates that the entity or 
        organization has nationally recognized expertise in the 
        area of domestic or sexual violence;
          (2) a plan to maximize, to the extent practicable, 
        outreach to employers (including private companies and 
        public entities such as public institutions of higher 
        education and State and local governments) and labor 
        organizations described in subsection (a) concerning 
        developing and implementing workplace responses to 
        assist victims of domestic or sexual violence; and
          (3) a plan for developing materials and training for 
        materials for employers that address the needs of 
        employees in cases of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, [and stalking] stalking, and 
        sexual harassment impacting the workplace, including 
        the needs of underserved communities.
  (c) Use of Grant Amount.--
          (1) In general.--An entity or organization that 
        receives a grant under this section may use the funds 
        made available through the grant for staff salaries, 
        travel expenses, equipment, printing, and other 
        reasonable expenses necessary to develop, maintain, and 
        disseminate to employers and labor organizations 
        described in subsection (a), information and assistance 
        concerning workplace responses to assist victims of 
        domestic or sexual violence or sexual harassment.
          (2) Responses.--Responses referred to in paragraph 
        (1) may include--
                  (A) providing training to promote a better 
                understanding of workplace assistance to 
                victims of domestic or sexual violence or 
                sexual harassment;;
                  (B) providing conferences and other 
                educational opportunities; and
                  (C) developing protocols and model workplace 
                policies.
  (d) Liability.--The compliance or noncompliance of any 
employer or labor organization with any protocol or policy 
developed by an entity or organization under this section shall 
not serve as a basis for liability in tort, express or implied 
contract, or by any other means. No protocol or policy 
developed by an entity or organization under this section shall 
be referenced or enforced as a workplace safety standard by any 
Federal, State, or other governmental agency.
  (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out this section [$1,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2014 through 2018] $2,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
  (f) Availability of Grant Funds.--Funds appropriated under 
this section shall remain available until expended.

                  Subtitle P--Sexual Assault Services

SEC. 41601. SEXUAL ASSAULT SERVICES PROGRAM.

  (a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
          (1) to assist States, Indian tribes, and territories 
        in providing intervention, advocacy, accompaniment, 
        support services, and related assistance for--
                  (A) adult, youth, and child victims of sexual 
                assault;
                  (B) family and household members of such 
                victims; and
                  (C) those collaterally affected by the 
                victimization, except for the perpetrator of 
                such victimization; and
          (2) to provide for technical assistance and training 
        relating to sexual assault to--
                  (A) Federal, State, tribal, territorial and 
                local governments, law enforcement agencies, 
                and courts;
                  (B) professionals working in legal, social 
                service, and health care settings;
                  (C) nonprofit organizations;
                  (D) faith-based organizations; and
                  (E) other individuals and organizations 
                seeking such assistance.
  (b) Grants to States and Territories.--
          (1) Grants authorized.--The Attorney General shall 
        award grants to States and territories to support the 
        establishment, maintenance, and expansion of rape 
        crisis centers and other nongovernmental or tribal 
        programs and projects to assist individuals who have 
        been victimized by sexual assault, without regard to 
        the age of the individual.
          (2) Allocation and use of funds.--
                  (A) Administrative costs.--Not more than 5 
                percent of the grant funds received by a State 
                or territory governmental agency under this 
                subsection for any fiscal year may be used for 
                administrative costs.
                  (B) Grant funds.--Any funds received by a 
                State or territory under this subsection that 
                are not used for administrative costs shall be 
                used to provide grants to rape crisis centers 
                and other nonprofit, nongovernmental 
                organizations or tribal programs and activities 
                for programs and activities within such State 
                or territory that provide direct intervention 
                and related assistance.
                  (C) Intervention and related assistance.--
                Intervention and related assistance under 
                subparagraph (B) may include--
                          (i) 24-hour hotline services 
                        providing crisis intervention services 
                        and referral;
                          (ii) accompaniment and advocacy 
                        through medical, criminal justice, and 
                        social support systems, including 
                        medical facilities, police, and court 
                        proceedings;
                          (iii) crisis intervention, short-term 
                        individual and group support services, 
                        and comprehensive service coordination 
                        and supervision to assist sexual 
                        assault victims and family or household 
                        members;
                          (iv) information and referral to 
                        assist the sexual assault victim and 
                        family or household members;
                          (v) community-based, culturally 
                        specific services and support 
                        mechanisms, including outreach 
                        activities for underserved communities; 
                        and
                          (vi) the development and distribution 
                        of materials on issues related to the 
                        services described in clauses (i) 
                        through (v).
          (3) Application.--
                  (A) In general.--Each eligible entity 
                desiring a grant under this subsection shall 
                submit an application to the Attorney General 
                at such time and in such manner as the Attorney 
                General may reasonably require.
                  (B) Contents.--Each application submitted 
                under subparagraph (A) shall--
                          (i) set forth procedures designed to 
                        ensure meaningful involvement of the 
                        State or territorial sexual assault 
                        coalition and representatives from 
                        underserved communities in the 
                        development of the application and the 
                        implementation of the plans;
                          (ii) set forth procedures designed to 
                        ensure an equitable distribution of 
                        grants and grant funds within the State 
                        or territory and between urban and 
                        rural areas within such State or 
                        territory;
                          (iii) identify the State or 
                        territorial agency that is responsible 
                        for the administration of programs and 
                        activities; and
                          (iv) meet other such requirements as 
                        the Attorney General reasonably 
                        determines are necessary to carry out 
                        the purposes and provisions of this 
                        section.
          (4) Minimum amount.--The Attorney General shall 
        allocate to each State (including the District of 
        Columbia and Puerto Rico) not less than 1.50 percent of 
        the total amount appropriated in a fiscal year for 
        grants under this section, except that the United 
        States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands shall each 
        be allocated 0.25 percent of the total appropriations. 
        The remaining funds shall be allotted to each State and 
        each territory in an amount that bears the same ratio 
        to such remaining funds as the population of such State 
        and such territory bears to the population of all the 
        States and the territories.
  (c) Grants for Culturally Specific Programs Addressing Sexual 
Assault.--
          (1) Grants authorized.--The Attorney General shall 
        award grants to eligible entities to support the 
        establishment, maintenance, and expansion of culturally 
        specific intervention and related assistance for 
        victims of sexual assault.
          (2) Eligible entities.--To be eligible to receive a 
        grant under this section, an entity shall--
                  (A) be a private nonprofit organization that 
                focuses primarily on culturally specific 
                communities;
                  (B) must have documented organizational 
                experience in the area of sexual assault 
                intervention or have entered into a partnership 
                with an organization having such expertise;
                  (C) have expertise in the development of 
                community-based, linguistically and culturally 
                specific outreach and intervention services 
                relevant for the specific communities to whom 
                assistance would be provided or have the 
                capacity to link to existing services in the 
                community tailored to the needs of culturally 
                specific populations; and
                  (D) have an advisory board or steering 
                committee and staffing which is reflective of 
                the targeted culturally specific community.
          (3) Award basis.--The Attorney General shall award 
        grants under this section on a competitive basis.
          (4) Distribution.--
                  (A) The Attorney General shall not use more 
                than 2.5 percent of funds appropriated under 
                this subsection in any year for administration, 
                monitoring, and evaluation of grants made 
                available under this subsection.
                  (B) Up to 5 percent of funds appropriated 
                under this subsection in any year shall be 
                available for technical assistance by a 
                national, nonprofit, nongovernmental 
                organization or organizations whose primary 
                focus and expertise is in addressing sexual 
                assault within underserved culturally specific 
                populations.
          (5) Term.--The Attorney General shall make grants 
        under this section for a period of no less than 2 
        fiscal years.
          (6) Reporting.--Each entity receiving a grant under 
        this subsection shall submit a report to the Attorney 
        General that describes the activities carried out with 
        such grant funds.
  (d) Grants to State, Territorial, and Tribal Sexual Assault 
Coalitions.--
          (1) Grants authorized.--
                  (A) In general.--The Attorney General shall 
                award grants to State, territorial, and tribal 
                sexual assault coalitions to assist in 
                supporting the establishment, maintenance, and 
                expansion of such coalitions.
                  (B) Minimum amount.--Not less than 10 percent 
                of the total amount appropriated to carry out 
                this section shall be used for grants under 
                subparagraph (A).
                  (C) Eligible applicants.--Each of the State, 
                territorial, and tribal sexual assault 
                coalitions.
          (2) Use of funds.--Grant funds received under this 
        subsection may be used to--
                  (A) work with local sexual assault programs 
                and other providers of direct services to 
                encourage appropriate responses to sexual 
                assault within the State, territory, or tribe;
                  (B) work with judicial and law enforcement 
                agencies to encourage appropriate responses to 
                sexual assault cases;
                  (C) work with courts, child protective 
                services agencies, and children's advocates to 
                develop appropriate responses to child custody 
                and visitation issues when sexual assault has 
                been determined to be a factor;
                  (D) design and conduct public education 
                campaigns;
                  (E) plan and monitor the distribution of 
                grants and grant funds to their State, 
                territory, or tribe; or
                  (F) collaborate with and inform Federal, 
                State, or local public officials and agencies 
                to develop and implement policies to reduce or 
                eliminate sexual assault.
          (3) Allocation and use of funds.--From amounts 
        appropriated for grants under this subsection for each 
        fiscal year--
                  (A) not less than 10 percent of the funds 
                shall be available for grants to tribal sexual 
                assault coalitions; and
                  (B) the remaining funds shall be available 
                for grants to State and territorial coalitions, 
                and the Attorney General shall allocate an 
                amount equal to \1/56\ of the amounts so 
                appropriated to each of those State and 
                territorial coalitions.
          (4) Application.--Each eligible entity desiring a 
        grant under this subsection shall submit an application 
        to the Attorney General at such time, in such manner, 
        and containing such information as the Attorney General 
        determines to be essential to carry out the purposes of 
        this section.
          (5) First-time applicants.--No entity shall be 
        prohibited from submitting an application under this 
        subsection during any fiscal year for which funds are 
        available under this subsection because such entity has 
        not previously applied or received funding under this 
        subsection.
  (e) Grants to Tribes.--
          (1) Grants authorized.--The Attorney General may 
        award grants to Indian tribes, tribal organizations, 
        and nonprofit tribal organizations for the operation of 
        sexual assault programs or projects in Indian tribal 
        lands and Alaska Native villages to support the 
        establishment, maintenance, and expansion of programs 
        and projects to assist those victimized by sexual 
        assault.
          (2) Allocation and use of funds.--
                  (A) Administrative costs.--Not more than 5 
                percent of the grant funds received by an 
                Indian tribe, tribal organization, and 
                nonprofit tribal organization under this 
                subsection for any fiscal year may be used for 
                administrative costs.
                  (B) Grant funds.--Any funds received under 
                this subsection that are not used for 
                administrative costs shall be used to provide 
                grants to tribal organizations and nonprofit 
                tribal organizations for programs and 
                activities within Indian country and Alaskan 
                native villages that provide direct 
                intervention and related assistance.
  (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated $40,000,000 to remain available until 
        expended for each of fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 
        2020 through 2024 to carry out the provisions of this 
        section.
          (2) Allocations.--Of the total amounts appropriated 
        for each fiscal year to carry out this section--
                  (A) not more than 2.5 percent shall be used 
                by the Attorney General for evaluation, 
                monitoring, and other administrative costs 
                under this section;
                  (B) not more than 2.5 percent shall be used 
                for the provision of technical assistance to 
                grantees and subgrantees under this section;
                  (C) not less than 65 percent shall be used 
                for grants to States and territories under 
                subsection (b);
                  (D) not less than 10 percent shall be used 
                for making grants to State, territorial, and 
                tribal sexual assault coalitions under 
                subsection (d);
                  (E) not less than 10 percent shall be used 
                for grants to tribes under subsection (e); and
                  (F) not less than 10 percent shall be used 
                for grants for culturally specific programs 
                addressing sexual assault under subsection (c).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                       PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE III--GENERAL POWERS AND DUTIES OF PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Part J--Prevention and Control of Injuries

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 393A. USE OF ALLOTMENTS FOR RAPE PREVENTION EDUCATION.

  (a) Permitted Use.--The Secretary, acting through the 
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall award 
targeted grants to States to be used for rape prevention and 
education programs conducted by rape crisis centers, State, 
territorial or tribal sexual assault coalitions, and other 
public and private nonprofit entities for--
          (1) educational seminars;
          (2) the operation of hotlines or digital services (as 
        such term is defined in section 40002(a) of the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 1994);
          (3) training programs for professionals;
          (4) the preparation of informational material;
          (5) education and training programs for students and 
        campus personnel designed to reduce the incidence of 
        sexual assault at colleges and universities;
          (6) education to increase awareness about drugs and 
        alcohol used to facilitate rapes or sexual assaults; 
        and
          (7) other efforts to increase awareness of the facts 
        about, or to help prevent, [sexual assault] sexual 
        violence, sexual assault, and sexual harassment, 
        including efforts to increase awareness in underserved 
        communities and awareness among individuals with 
        disabilities (as defined in section 3 of the Americans 
        with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102)).
  (b) Collection and Dissemination of Information on Sexual 
Assault.--The Secretary shall, through the National Resource 
Center on Sexual Assault established under the National Center 
for Injury Prevention and Control at the Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention, provide resource information, policy, 
training, and technical assistance to Federal, State, local, 
and [Indian tribal] Indian Tribal agencies, as well as to State 
sexual assault coalitions and local sexual assault programs and 
to other professionals and interested parties on issues 
relating to sexual assault, including maintenance of a central 
resource library in order to collect, prepare, analyze, and 
disseminate information and statistics and analyses thereof 
relating to the incidence and prevention of sexual assault.
  (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--There is authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this section [$50,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018] $150,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
          (2) National sexual violence resource center 
        allotment.--Of the total amount made available under 
        this subsection in each fiscal year, not less than 
        $1,500,000 shall be available for allotment under 
        subsection (b).
          (3) Baseline funding for states, the district of 
        columbia, and puerto rico.--A minimum allocation of 
        $150,000 shall be awarded in each fiscal year for each 
        of the States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto 
        Rico. A minimum allocation of $35,000 shall be awarded 
        in each fiscal year for each Territory. Any unused or 
        remaining funds shall be allotted to each State, the 
        District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico on the basis of 
        population. Not less than 80 percent of the total 
        amount made available under this subsection in each 
        fiscal year shall be awarded in accordance with this 
        paragraph.
  (d) Limitations.--
          (1) Supplement not supplant.--Amounts provided to 
        States under this section shall be used to supplement 
        and not supplant other Federal, State, and local public 
        funds expended to provide services of the type 
        described in subsection (a).
          (2) Studies.--A State may not use more than 2 percent 
        of the amount received by the State under this section 
        for each fiscal year for surveillance studies or 
        prevalence studies.
          (3) Administration.--A State may not use more than 5 
        percent of the amount received by the State under this 
        section for each fiscal year for administrative 
        expenses.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART P--ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 399P. GRANTS TO STRENGTHEN THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM'S RESPONSE TO 
                    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, 
                    AND STALKING.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall award grants for--
          (1) the development or enhancement and implementation 
        of interdisciplinary training for health professionals, 
        public health staff, and allied health professionals;
          (2) the development or enhancement and implementation 
        of education programs for medical, nursing, dental, and 
        other health profession students and residents to 
        prevent and respond to domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking; [and]
          (3) the development or enhancement and implementation 
        of comprehensive statewide strategies to improve the 
        response of clinics, public health facilities, 
        hospitals, and other health settings (including 
        behavioral and mental health programs) to domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking[.]; and
          (4) the development or enhancement and implementation 
        of training programs to improve the capacity of early 
        childhood programs to address domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking among families 
        they serve.
  (b) Use of Funds.--
          (1) Required uses.--Amounts provided under a grant 
        under this section shall be used to--
                  (A) fund interdisciplinary training and 
                education programs under paragraphs (1) and (2) 
                of subsection (a) that--
                          (i) are designed to train medical, 
                        psychology, dental, social work, 
                        nursing, and other health profession 
                        students, interns, residents, fellows, 
                        or current health care providers to 
                        identify and provide health care 
                        services (including mental or 
                        behavioral health care services and 
                        referrals to appropriate community 
                        services) to individuals who are or who 
                        have been victims of domestic violence, 
                        dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking; and
                          (ii) plan and develop culturally 
                        competent clinical training components 
                        for integration into approved 
                        internship, residency, and fellowship 
                        training or continuing medical or other 
                        health education training that address 
                        physical, mental, and behavioral health 
                        issues, including protective factors, 
                        related to domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, stalking, and 
                        other forms of violence and abuse, 
                        focus on reducing health disparities 
                        and preventing violence and abuse, and 
                        include the primacy of victim safety 
                        and confidentiality;
                  (B) design and implement comprehensive 
                strategies to improve the response of the 
                health care system to domestic or sexual 
                violence in clinical and public health 
                settings, hospitals, clinics, and other health 
                settings (including behavioral and mental 
                health), under subsection (a)(3) through--
                          (i) the implementation, 
                        dissemination, and evaluation of 
                        policies and procedures to guide health 
                        professionals and public health staff 
                        in identifying and responding to 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, and stalking, including 
                        strategies to ensure that health 
                        information is maintained in a manner 
                        that protects the patient's privacy and 
                        safety, and safely uses health 
                        information technology to improve 
                        documentation, identification, 
                        assessment, treatment, and follow-up 
                        care;
                          (ii) the development of [on-site 
                        access to] services to address the 
                        safety, medical, and mental health 
                        needs of [patients by increasing the 
                        capacity of existing health care 
                        professionals and public health staff 
                        to address domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
                        or by contracting with or hiring 
                        domestic or sexual assault advocates to 
                        provide such services or to model other 
                        services appropriate to the geographic 
                        and cultural needs of a site;] patients 
                        by--
                                  (I) increasing the capacity 
                                of existing health care 
                                professionals and public health 
                                staff to address domestic 
                                violence, dating violence, 
                                sexual assault, and stalking; 
                                  (II) contracting with or 
                                hiring advocates for victims of 
                                domestic violence or sexual 
                                assault to provide such 
                                services; or 
                                  (III) providing funding to 
                                State domestic and sexual 
                                violence coalitions to improve 
                                the capacity of such coalitions 
                                to coordinate and support 
                                health advocates and other 
                                health system partnerships; 
                          (iii) the development of measures and 
                        methods for the evaluation of the 
                        practice of identification, 
                        intervention, and documentation 
                        regarding victims of domestic violence, 
                        dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                        stalking, including the development and 
                        testing of quality improvement 
                        measurements, in accordance with the 
                        multi-stakeholder and quality 
                        measurement processes established under 
                        paragraphs (7) and (8) of section 
                        1890(b) and section 1890A of the Social 
                        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395aaa(b)(7) 
                        and (8); 42 U.S.C. 1890A); [and]
                          (iv) the provision of training and 
                        follow-up technical assistance to 
                        health care professionals, and public 
                        health staff, and allied health 
                        professionals to identify, assess, 
                        treat, and refer clients who are 
                        victims of domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking, 
                        including using tools and training 
                        materials already developed[.], with 
                        priority given to programs administered 
                        through the Health Resources and 
                        Services Administration, Office of 
                        Women's Health; and
                          (v) the development, implementation, 
                        dissemination, and evaluation of best 
                        practices, tools, and training 
                        materials for behavioral health 
                        professionals to identify and respond 
                        to domestic violence, sexual violence, 
                        stalking, and dating violence.
          (2) Permissible uses.--
                  (A)  [Child and elder abuse] Child abuse and 
                abuse in later life.--To the extent consistent 
                with the purpose of this section, a grantee may 
                use amounts received under this section to 
                address, as part of a comprehensive 
                programmatic approach implemented under the 
                grant, issues relating to [child or elder 
                abuse] child abuse or abuse in later life.
                  (B) Rural areas.--Grants funded under 
                paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) may be 
                used to offer to rural areas community-based 
                training opportunities, which may include the 
                use of distance learning networks and other 
                available technologies needed to reach isolated 
                rural areas, for medical, nursing, and other 
                health profession students and residents on 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, stalking, and, as appropriate, other 
                forms of violence and abuse.
                  (C) Other uses.--Grants funded under 
                subsection (a)(3) may be used for--
                          (i) the development of training 
                        modules and policies that address the 
                        overlap of child abuse, domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, and stalking and [elder abuse] 
                        abuse in later life, as well as 
                        childhood exposure to domestic and 
                        sexual violence;
                          (ii) the development, expansion, and 
                        implementation of sexual assault 
                        forensic medical examination or sexual 
                        assault nurse examiner programs;
                          (iii) the inclusion of the health 
                        effects of lifetime exposure to 
                        violence and abuse as well as related 
                        protective factors and behavioral risk 
                        factors in health professional training 
                        schools including medical, dental, 
                        nursing, social work, and mental and 
                        behavioral health curricula, and allied 
                        health service training courses; [or]
                          (iv) the integration of knowledge of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, and stalking into 
                        health care accreditation and 
                        professional licensing examinations, 
                        such as medical, dental, mental health, 
                        social work, and nursing boards, and 
                        where appropriate, other allied health 
                        [exams.] exams and certifications;
                          (v) development of a State-level 
                        pilot program to--
                                  (I) improve the response of 
                                substance use disorder 
                                treatment programs and systems 
                                to domestic violence, dating 
                                violence, sexual assault, and 
                                stalking; and
                                  (II) improve the capacity of 
                                substance use disorder 
                                treatment programs and systems 
                                to serve survivors of domestic 
                                violence, dating violence, 
                                sexual assault, and stalking 
                                dealing with substance use 
                                disorder; or
                          (vi) development and utilization of 
                        existing technical assistance and 
                        training resources to improve the 
                        capacity of substance use disorder 
                        treatment programs to address domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, and stalking among patients 
                        the programs serve.
  (c) Requirements for Grantees.--
          (1) Confidentiality and safety.--
                  (A) In general.--Grantees under this section 
                shall ensure that all programs developed with 
                grant funds address issues of confidentiality 
                and patient safety and comply with applicable 
                confidentiality and nondisclosure requirements 
                under section 40002(b)(2) of the Violence 
                Against Women Act of 1994 and the Family 
                Violence Prevention and Services Act, and that 
                faculty and staff associated with delivering 
                educational components are fully trained in 
                procedures that will protect the immediate and 
                ongoing security and confidentiality of the 
                patients, patient records, and staff. Such 
                grantees shall consult entities with 
                demonstrated expertise in the confidentiality 
                and safety needs of victims of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                stalking on the development and adequacy of 
                confidentially and security procedures, and 
                provide documentation of such consultation.
                  (B) Advance notice of information 
                disclosure.--Grantees under this section shall 
                provide to patients advance notice about any 
                circumstances under which information may be 
                disclosed, such as mandatory reporting laws, 
                and shall give patients the option to receive 
                information and referrals without affirmatively 
                disclosing abuse.
          (2) Limitation on administrative expenses.--A grantee 
        shall use not more than 10 percent of the amounts 
        received under a grant under this section for 
        administrative expenses.
          (3) Application.--
                  (A) Preference.--In selecting grant 
                recipients under this section, the Secretary 
                shall give preference to applicants based on 
                the strength of their evaluation strategies, 
                with priority given to outcome based 
                evaluations.
                  (B) Subsection (a)(1) and (2) grantees.--
                Applications for grants under paragraphs (1) 
                and (2) of subsection (a) shall include--
                          (i) documentation that the applicant 
                        represents a team of entities working 
                        collaboratively to strengthen the 
                        response of the health care system to 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking, and which 
                        includes at least one of each of--
                                  (I) an accredited school of 
                                allopathic or osteopathic 
                                medicine, psychology, nursing, 
                                dentistry, social work, or 
                                other health field;
                                  (II) a health care facility 
                                or system; or
                                  (III) a government or 
                                nonprofit entity with a history 
                                of effective work in the fields 
                                of domestic violence, dating 
                                violence, sexual assault, or 
                                stalking; and
                          (ii) strategies for the dissemination 
                        and sharing of curricula and other 
                        educational materials developed under 
                        the grant, if any, with other 
                        interested health professions schools 
                        and national resource repositories for 
                        materials on domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
                  (C) Subsection (a)(3) grantees.--An entity 
                desiring a grant under subsection (a)(3) shall 
                submit an application to the Secretary at such 
                time, in such a manner, and containing such 
                information and assurances as the Secretary may 
                require, including--
                          (i) documentation that all training, 
                        education, screening, assessment, 
                        services, treatment, and any other 
                        approach to patient care will be 
                        informed by an understanding of 
                        violence and abuse victimization and 
                        trauma-specific approaches that will be 
                        integrated into prevention, 
                        intervention, and treatment activities;
                          (ii) strategies for the development 
                        and implementation of policies to 
                        prevent and address domestic violence, 
                        dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                        stalking over the lifespan in health 
                        care settings;
                          (iii) a plan for consulting with 
                        State and tribal domestic violence or 
                        sexual assault coalitions, national 
                        nonprofit victim advocacy 
                        organizations, State or tribal law 
                        enforcement task forces (where 
                        appropriate), and population specific 
                        organizations with demonstrated 
                        expertise in domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking;
                          (iv) with respect to an application 
                        for a grant under which the grantee 
                        will have contact with patients, a 
                        plan, developed in collaboration with 
                        local victim service providers, to 
                        respond appropriately to and make 
                        correct referrals for individuals who 
                        disclose that they are victims of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, stalking, or other 
                        types of violence, and documentation 
                        provided by the grantee of an ongoing 
                        collaborative relationship with a local 
                        victim service provider; and
                          (v) with respect to an application 
                        for a grant proposing to fund a program 
                        described in subsection (b)(2)(C)(ii), 
                        a certification that any sexual assault 
                        forensic medical examination and sexual 
                        assault nurse examiner programs 
                        supported with such grant funds will 
                        adhere to the guidelines set forth by 
                        the Attorney General.
  (d) Eligible Entities.--
          (1) In general.--To be eligible to receive funding 
        under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a), an entity 
        shall be--
                  (A) a nonprofit organization with a history 
                of effective work in the field of training 
                health professionals with an understanding of, 
                and clinical skills pertinent to, domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking, and lifetime exposure to violence and 
                abuse;
                  (B) an accredited school of allopathic or 
                osteopathic medicine, psychology, nursing, 
                dentistry, social work, or allied health;
                  (C) a health care provider membership or 
                professional organization, or a health care 
                system; or
                  (D) a State, tribal, territorial, or local 
                entity.
          (2) Subsection (a)(3) grantees.--To be eligible to 
        receive funding under subsection (a)(3), an entity 
        shall be--
                  (A) a State department (or other division) of 
                health or behavioral health,, a State, tribal, 
                or territorial domestic violence or sexual 
                assault coalition or victim service provider, 
                or any other nonprofit, nongovernmental 
                organization with a history of effective work 
                in the fields of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking, and 
                health care, including physical or behavioral 
                [mental] health care; or
                  (B) a local victim service provider, a local 
                department (or other division) of health, a 
                local health clinic, hospital, [or health 
                system] behavioral health treatment system,, or 
                any other community-based organization with a 
                history of effective work in the field of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking and health care, including 
                physical or [mental] behavioral health care.
  (e) Technical Assistance.--
          (1) In general.--Of the funds made available to carry 
        out this section for any fiscal year, the Secretary may 
        make grants or enter into contracts to provide 
        technical assistance with respect to the planning, 
        development, and operation of any program, activity or 
        service carried out pursuant to this section. Not more 
        than 8 percent of the funds appropriated under this 
        section in each fiscal year may be used to fund 
        technical assistance under this subsection.
          (2) Availability of materials.--The Secretary shall 
        make publicly available materials developed by grantees 
        under this section, including materials on training, 
        best practices, and research and evaluation.
          (3) Reporting.--The Secretary shall publish a 
        biennial report on--
                  (A) the distribution of funds under this 
                section; and
                  (B) the programs and activities supported by 
                such funds.
  (f)  [Research and Evaluation] Research, Evaluation, and Data 
Collection.--
          (1) In general.--Of the funds made available to carry 
        out this section for any fiscal year, the Secretary may 
        use not more than 20 percent to make a grant or enter 
        into a contract for [research and evaluation] research, 
        evaluation, or data collection of--
                  (A) grants awarded under this section; and
                  (B) other training for health professionals 
                and effective interventions in the health care 
                or behavioral health setting that prevent 
                domestic violence, dating violence, and sexual 
                assault across the lifespan, prevent the health 
                effects of such violence, and improve the 
                safety and health of individuals who are 
                currently being victimized.
          (2) Research and data collection.--Research or data 
        collection authorized in paragraph (1) may include--
                  (A) research on the effects of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                childhood exposure to domestic, dating or 
                sexual violence on health behaviors, health 
                conditions, and health status of individuals, 
                families, and populations, including 
                underserved populations;
                  (B) research to determine effective health 
                care interventions to respond to and prevent 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, and stalking;
                  (C) research on the impact of domestic, 
                dating and sexual violence, childhood exposure 
                to such violence, and stalking on the health 
                care system, health care utilization, health 
                care costs, and health status; [and]
                  (D) research on the impact of adverse 
                childhood experiences on adult experience with 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, stalking, and adult health outcomes, 
                including how to reduce or prevent the impact 
                of adverse childhood experiences through the 
                health care setting[.];
                  (E) research on the intersection of substance 
                use disorder and domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
                including the effect of coerced use and efforts 
                by an abusive partner or other to interfere 
                with substance use disorder treatment and 
                recovery; and
                  (F) improvement of data collection using 
                existing Federal surveys by including questions 
                about domestic violence, dating violence, 
                sexual assault, or stalking and substance use 
                disorder, coerced use, and mental or behavioral 
                health.
  (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out this section, $10,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years [2014 through 2018] 2020 through 2024.
  (h) Definitions.--Except as otherwise provided [herein], the 
definitions [provided for] in section 40002 of the Violence 
Against Women Act of 1994 shall apply to this section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                 MCKINNEY-VENTO HOMELESS ASSISTANCE ACT

TITLE I--GENERAL PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 103. GENERAL DEFINITION OF HOMELESS INDIVIDUAL.

  (a) In General.--For purposes of this Act, the terms 
``homeless'', ``homeless individual'', and ``homeless person'' 
means--
          (1) an individual or family who lacks a fixed, 
        regular, and adequate nighttime residence;
          (2) an individual or family with a primary nighttime 
        residence that is a public or private place not 
        designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping 
        accommodation for human beings, including a car, park, 
        abandoned building, bus or train station, airport, or 
        camping ground;
          (3) an individual or family living in a supervised 
        publicly or privately operated shelter designated to 
        provide temporary living arrangements (including hotels 
        and motels paid for by Federal, State, or local 
        government programs for low-income individuals or by 
        charitable organizations, congregate shelters, and 
        transitional housing);
          (4) an individual who resided in a shelter or place 
        not meant for human habitation and who is exiting an 
        institution where he or she temporarily resided;
          (5) an individual or family who--
                  (A) will imminently lose their housing, 
                including housing they own, rent, or live in 
                without paying rent, are sharing with others, 
                and rooms in hotels or motels not paid for by 
                Federal, State, or local government programs 
                for low-income individuals or by charitable 
                organizations, as evidenced by--
                          (i) a court order resulting from an 
                        eviction action that notifies the 
                        individual or family that they must 
                        leave within 14 days;
                          (ii) the individual or family having 
                        a primary nighttime residence that is a 
                        room in a hotel or motel and where they 
                        lack the resources necessary to reside 
                        there for more than 14 days; or
                          (iii) credible evidence indicating 
                        that the owner or renter of the housing 
                        will not allow the individual or family 
                        to stay for more than 14 days, and any 
                        oral statement from an individual or 
                        family seeking homeless assistance that 
                        is found to be credible shall be 
                        considered credible evidence for 
                        purposes of this clause;
                  (B) has no subsequent residence identified; 
                and
                  (C) lacks the resources or support networks 
                needed to obtain other permanent housing; and
          (6) unaccompanied youth and homeless families with 
        children and youth defined as homeless under other 
        Federal statutes who--
                  (A) have experienced a long term period 
                without living independently in permanent 
                housing,
                  (B) have experienced persistent instability 
                as measured by frequent moves over such period, 
                and
                  (C) can be expected to continue in such 
                status for an extended period of time because 
                of chronic disabilities, chronic physical 
                health or mental health conditions, substance 
                addiction, histories of domestic violence or 
                childhood abuse, the presence of a child or 
                youth with a disability, or multiple barriers 
                to employment.
  (b) Domestic Violence and Other Dangerous or Life-Threatening 
Conditions.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
section, the Secretary shall consider to be homeless any 
individual or family who is fleeing, or is attempting to flee, 
domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, 
or other dangerous or life-threatening conditions [in the 
individual's or family's current housing situation], including 
where the health and safety of children are jeopardized, and 
who have no other residence and lack the resources or support 
networks to obtain other permanent housing.
  (c) Income Eligibility.--
          (1) In general.--A homeless individual shall be 
        eligible for assistance under any program provided by 
        this Act, only if the individual complies with the 
        income eligibility requirements otherwise applicable to 
        such program.
          (2) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), a 
        homeless individual shall be eligible for assistance 
        under title I of the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act.
  (d) Exclusion.--For purposes of this Act, the term 
``homeless'' or ``homeless individual'' does not include any 
individual imprisoned or otherwise detained pursuant to an Act 
of the Congress or a State law.
  (e) Persons Experiencing Homelessness.--Any references in 
this Act to homeless individuals (including homeless persons) 
or homeless groups (including homeless persons) shall be 
considered to include, and to refer to, individuals 
experiencing homelessness or groups experiencing homelessness, 
respectively.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE IV--HOUSING ASSISTANCE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle C--Continuum of Care Program

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 423. ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES.

  (a) In General.--Grants awarded under section 422 to 
qualified applicants shall be used to carry out projects that 
serve homeless individuals or families that consist of one or 
more of the following eligible activities:
          (1) Construction of new housing units to provide 
        transitional or permanent housing.
          (2) Acquisition or rehabilitation of a structure to 
        provide transitional or permanent housing, other than 
        emergency shelter, or to provide supportive services.
          (3) Leasing of property, or portions of property, not 
        owned by the recipient or project sponsor involved, for 
        use in providing transitional or permanent housing, or 
        providing supportive services.
          (4) Provision of rental assistance to provide 
        transitional or permanent housing to eligible persons. 
        The rental assistance may include tenant-based, 
        project-based, or sponsor-based rental assistance. 
        Project-based rental assistance, sponsor-based rental 
        assistance, and operating cost assistance contracts 
        carried out by project sponsors receiving grants under 
        this section may, at the discretion of the applicant 
        and the project sponsor, have an initial term of 15 
        years, with assistance for the first 5 years paid with 
        funds authorized for appropriation under this Act, and 
        assistance for the remainder of the term treated as a 
        renewal of an expiring contract as provided in section 
        429. Project-based rental assistance may include rental 
        assistance to preserve existing permanent supportive 
        housing for homeless individuals and families.
          (5) Payment of operating costs for housing units 
        assisted under this subtitle or for the preservation of 
        housing that will serve homeless individuals and 
        families and for which another form of assistance is 
        expiring or otherwise no longer available.
          (6) Supportive services for individuals and families 
        who are currently homeless, who have been homeless in 
        the prior six months but are currently residing in 
        permanent housing, who are seeking an external 
        emergency transfer (as such term is defined in section 
        41411 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994) 
        pursuant to section 41411 of the Violence Against Women 
        Act of 1994, or who were previously homeless and are 
        currently residing in permanent supportive housing.
          (7) Provision of rehousing services, including 
        housing search, mediation or outreach to property 
        owners, credit repair, providing security or utility 
        deposits, rental assistance for a final month at a 
        location, assistance with moving costs, or other 
        activities that--
                  (A) are effective at moving homeless 
                individuals and families immediately into 
                housing; or
                  (B) may benefit individuals and families who 
                in the prior 6 months have been homeless, but 
                are currently residing in permanent housing.
          (8) In the case of a collaborative applicant that is 
        a legal entity, performance of the duties described 
        under section 402(f)(3).
          (9) Operation of, participation in, and ensuring 
        consistent participation by project sponsors in, a 
        community-wide homeless management information system.
          (10) In the case of a collaborative applicant that is 
        a legal entity, payment of administrative costs related 
        to meeting the requirements described in paragraphs (1) 
        and (2) of section 402(f), for which the collaborative 
        applicant may use not more than 3 percent of the total 
        funds made available in the geographic area under this 
        subtitle for such costs.
          (11) In the case of a collaborative applicant that is 
        a unified funding agency under section 402(g), payment 
        of administrative costs related to meeting the 
        requirements of that section, for which the unified 
        funding agency may use not more than 3 percent of the 
        total funds made available in the geographic area under 
        this subtitle for such costs, in addition to funds used 
        under paragraph (10).
          (12) Payment of administrative costs to project 
        sponsors, for which each project sponsor may use not 
        more than 10 percent of the total funds made available 
        to that project sponsor through this subtitle for such 
        costs.
          (13) Facilitating and coordinating activities to 
        ensure compliance with section 41411(e) of the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 1994, including, in consultation 
        with the regional office (if applicable) of the 
        appropriate agency (as such term is defined in section 
        41411 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994), 
        development of external emergency transfer memoranda of 
        understanding between covered housing providers, 
        participating in the local Continua of Care, 
        facilitation of external emergency transfers between 
        those covered housing providers participating in the 
        local Continua of Care, and monitoring compliance with 
        the confidentiality protections of section 41411(c)(4) 
        of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 for reporting 
        to that regional office.
  (b) Minimum Grant Terms.--The Secretary may impose minimum 
grant terms of up to 5 years for new projects providing 
permanent housing.
  (c) Use Restrictions.--
          (1) Acquisition, rehabilitation, and new 
        construction.--A project that consists of activities 
        described in paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) 
        shall be operated for the purpose specified in the 
        application submitted for the project under section 422 
        for not less than 15 years.
          (2) Other activities.--A project that consists of 
        activities described in any of paragraphs (3) through 
        (12) of subsection (a) shall be operated for the 
        purpose specified in the application submitted for the 
        project under section 422 for the duration of the grant 
        period involved.
          (3) Conversion.--If the recipient or project sponsor 
        carrying out a project that provides transitional or 
        permanent housing submits a request to the Secretary to 
        carry out instead a project for the direct benefit of 
        low-income persons, and the Secretary determines that 
        the initial project is no longer needed to provide 
        transitional or permanent housing, the Secretary may 
        approve the project described in the request and 
        authorize the recipient or project sponsor to carry out 
        that project.
  (d) Repayment of Assistance and Prevention of Undue 
Benefits.--
          (1) Repayment.--If a recipient or project sponsor 
        receives assistance under section 422 to carry out a 
        project that consists of activities described in 
        paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) and the project 
        ceases to provide transitional or permanent housing--
                  (A) earlier than 10 years after operation of 
                the project begins, the Secretary shall require 
                the recipient or project sponsor to repay 100 
                percent of the assistance; or
                  (B) not earlier than 10 years, but earlier 
                than 15 years, after operation of the project 
                begins, the Secretary shall require the 
                recipient or project sponsor to repay 20 
                percent of the assistance for each of the years 
                in the 15-year period for which the project 
                fails to provide that housing.
          (2) Prevention of undue benefits.--Except as provided 
        in paragraph (3), if any property is used for a project 
        that receives assistance under subsection (a) and 
        consists of activities described in paragraph (1) or 
        (2) of subsection (a), and the sale or other 
        disposition of the property occurs before the 
        expiration of the 15-year period beginning on the date 
        that operation of the project begins, the recipient or 
        project sponsor who received the assistance shall 
        comply with such terms and conditions as the Secretary 
        may prescribe to prevent the recipient or project 
        sponsor from unduly benefitting from such sale or 
        disposition.
          (3) Exception.--A recipient or project sponsor shall 
        not be required to make the repayments, and comply with 
        the terms and conditions, required under paragraph (1) 
        or (2) if--
                  (A) the sale or disposition of the property 
                used for the project results in the use of the 
                property for the direct benefit of very low-
                income persons;
                  (B) all of the proceeds of the sale or 
                disposition are used to provide transitional or 
                permanent housing meeting the requirements of 
                this subtitle;
                  (C) project-based rental assistance or 
                operating cost assistance from any Federal 
                program or an equivalent State or local program 
                is no longer made available and the project is 
                meeting applicable performance standards, 
                provided that the portion of the project that 
                had benefitted from such assistance continues 
                to meet the tenant income and rent restrictions 
                for low-income units under section 42(g) of the 
                Internal Revenue Code of 1986; or
                  (D) there are no individuals and families in 
                the geographic area who are homeless, in which 
                case the project may serve individuals and 
                families at risk of homelessness.
  (e) Staff Training.--The Secretary may allow reasonable costs 
associated with staff training to be included as part of the 
activities described in subsection (a).
  (f) Eligibility for Permanent Housing.--Any project that 
receives assistance under subsection (a) and that provides 
project-based or sponsor-based permanent housing for homeless 
individuals or families with a disability, including projects 
that meet the requirements of subsection (a) and subsection 
(d)(2)(A) of section 428 may also serve individuals who had 
previously met the requirements for such project prior to 
moving into a different permanent housing project.
  (g) Administration of Rental Assistance.--Provision of 
permanent housing rental assistance shall be administered by a 
State, unit of general local government, private nonprofit 
organization, or public housing agency.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 428. ALLOCATION OF AMOUNTS AND INCENTIVES FOR SPECIFIC ELIGIBLE 
                    ACTIVITIES.

  (a) Minimum Allocation for Permanent Housing for Homeless 
Individuals and Families With Disabilities.--
          (1) In general.--From the amounts made available to 
        carry out this subtitle for a fiscal year, a portion 
        equal to not less than 30 percent of the sums made 
        available to carry out subtitle B and this subtitle, 
        shall be used for permanent housing for homeless 
        individuals with disabilities and homeless families 
        that include such an individual who is an adult or a 
        minor head of household if no adult is present in the 
        household.
          (2) Calculation.--In calculating the portion of the 
        amount described in paragraph (1) that is used for 
        activities that are described in paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall not count funds made available to renew 
        contracts for existing projects under section 429.
          (3) Adjustment.--The 30 percent figure in paragraph 
        (1) shall be reduced proportionately based on need 
        under section 427(b)(2) in geographic areas for which 
        subsection (e) applies in regard to subsection 
        (d)(2)(A).
          (4) Suspension.--The requirement established in 
        paragraph (1) shall be suspended for any year in which 
        funding available for grants under this subtitle after 
        making the allocation established in paragraph (1) 
        would not be sufficient to renew for 1 year all 
        existing grants that would otherwise be fully funded 
        under this subtitle.
          (5) Termination.--The requirement established in 
        paragraph (1) shall terminate upon a finding by the 
        Secretary that since the beginning of 2001 at least 
        150,000 new units of permanent housing for homeless 
        individuals and families with disabilities have been 
        funded under this subtitle.
  (b) Set-Aside for Permanent Housing for Homeless Families 
With Children.--From the amounts made available to carry out 
this subtitle for a fiscal year, a portion equal to not less 
than 10 percent of the sums made available to carry out 
subtitle B and this subtitle for that fiscal year shall be used 
to provide or secure permanent housing for homeless families 
with children.
  (c) Treatment of Amounts for Permanent or Transitional 
Housing.--Nothing in this Act may be construed to establish a 
limit on the amount of funding that an applicant may request 
under this subtitle for acquisition, construction, or 
rehabilitation activities for the development of permanent 
housing or transitional housing.
  (d) Incentives for Proven Strategies.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide bonuses 
        or other incentives to geographic areas for using 
        funding under this subtitle for activities that have 
        been proven to be effective at reducing homelessness 
        generally, reducing homelessness for a specific 
        subpopulation, or achieving homeless prevention and 
        independent living goals as set forth in section 
        427(b)(1)(F).
          (2) Rule of construction.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, activities that have been proven to be 
        effective at reducing homelessness generally or 
        reducing homelessness for a specific subpopulation 
        includes--
                  (A) permanent supportive housing for 
                chronically homeless individuals and families;
                  (B) for homeless families, rapid rehousing 
                services, short-term flexible subsidies to 
                overcome barriers to rehousing, support 
                services concentrating on improving incomes to 
                pay rent, coupled with performance measures 
                emphasizing rapid and permanent rehousing and 
                with leveraging funding from mainstream family 
                service systems such as Temporary Assistance 
                for Needy Families and Child Welfare services; 
                and
                  (C) any other activity determined by the 
                Secretary, based on research and after notice 
                and comment to the public, to have been proven 
                effective at reducing homelessness generally, 
                reducing homelessness for a specific 
                subpopulation, or achieving homeless prevention 
                and independent living goals as set forth in 
                section 427(b)(1)(F).
          (3) Balance of incentives for proven strategies.--To 
        the extent practicable, in providing bonuses or 
        incentives for proven strategies, the Secretary shall 
        seek to maintain a balance among strategies targeting 
        homeless individuals, families, and other 
        subpopulations. The Secretary shall not implement 
        bonuses or incentives that specifically discourage 
        collaborative applicants from exercising their 
        flexibility to serve families with children and youth 
        defined as homeless under other Federal statutes.
          (4) Development of supportive services and 
        coordination regarding emergency transfers.--The 
        Secretary shall provide bonuses or other incentives to 
        geographic areas for developing supportive services 
        under section 423(a)(6) and facilitating and 
        coordinating activities for emergency transfers under 
        section 423(a)(13) that have been proven to be 
        effective at reducing homelessness among victims of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking.
  (e) Incentives for Successful Implementation of Proven 
Strategies.--If any geographic area demonstrates that it has 
fully implemented any of the activities described in subsection 
(d) for all homeless individuals and families or for all 
members of subpopulations for whom such activities are 
targeted, that geographic area shall receive the bonus or 
incentive provided under subsection (d), but may use such bonus 
or incentive for any eligible activity under either section 423 
or paragraphs (4) and (5) of section 415(a) for homeless people 
generally or for the relevant subpopulation.
  (f) Minimum Allocation for Monitoring and Facilitating 
Compliance.--From the amounts made available to carry out this 
part for a fiscal year, a portion equal to not less than 5 
percent of the sums made available to carry out part B and this 
part shall be made available to monitor and facilitate 
compliance with section 41411 of the Violence Against Women Act 
of 1994, including supportive services under section 423(a)(6) 
and facilitation and coordination activities under section 
423(a)(13).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                   UNITED STATES HOUSING ACT OF 1937

TITLE I--GENERAL PROGRAM OF ASSISTED HOUSING

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 5A. PUBLIC HOUSING AGENCY PLANS.

  (a)  5-Year Plan.--
          (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), not less 
        than once every 5 fiscal years, each public housing 
        agency shall submit to the Secretary a plan that 
        includes, with respect to the 5 fiscal years 
        immediately following the date on which the plan is 
        submitted--
                  (A) a statement of the mission of the public 
                housing agency for serving the needs of low-
                income and very low-income families in the 
                jurisdiction of the public housing agency 
                during such fiscal years; and
                  (B) a statement of the goals and objectives 
                of the public housing agency that will enable 
                the public housing agency to serve the needs 
                identified pursuant to subparagraph (A) during 
                those fiscal years.
          (2) Statement of goals.--The 5-year plan shall 
        include a statement by any public housing agency of the 
        goals, objectives, policies, or programs that will 
        enable the housing authority to serve the needs of 
        child and adult victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
          (3) Initial plan.--The initial 5-year plan submitted 
        by a public housing agency under this subsection shall 
        be submitted for the 5-year period beginning on October 
        1, 1999, or the first fiscal year thereafter for which 
        the public housing agency initially receives assistance 
        under this Act.
  (b) Annual Plan.--
          (1) In general.--Effective beginning upon October 1, 
        1999, each public housing agency shall submit to the 
        Secretary an annual public housing agency plan under 
        this subsection for each fiscal year for which the 
        public housing agency receives assistance under section 
        8(o) or 9.
          (2) Updates.--For each fiscal year after the initial 
        submission of an annual plan under this subsection by a 
        public housing agency, the public housing agency may 
        comply with requirements for submission of a plan under 
        this subsection by submitting an update of the plan for 
        the fiscal year.
          (3) Exemption of certain phas from filing 
        requirement.--
                  (A) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph 
                (1) or any other provision of this Act--
                          (i) the requirement under paragraph 
                        (1) shall not apply to any qualified 
                        public housing agency; and
                          (ii) except as provided in subsection 
                        (e)(4)(B), any reference in this 
                        section or any other provision of law 
                        to a ``public housing agency'' shall 
                        not be considered to refer to any 
                        qualified public housing agency, to the 
                        extent such reference applies to the 
                        requirement to submit an annual public 
                        housing agency plan under this 
                        subsection.
                  (B) Civil rights certification.--
                Notwithstanding that qualified public housing 
                agencies are exempt under subparagraph (A) from 
                the requirement under this section to prepare 
                and submit an annual public housing plan, each 
                qualified public housing agency shall, on an 
                annual basis, make the certification described 
                in paragraph (16) of subsection (d), except 
                that for purposes of such qualified public 
                housing agencies, such paragraph shall be 
                applied by substituting ``the public housing 
                program of the agency'' for ``the public 
                housing agency plan''.
                  (C) Definition.--For purposes of this 
                section, the term ``qualified public housing 
                agency'' means a public housing agency that 
                meets the following requirements:
                          (i) The sum of (I) the number of 
                        public housing dwelling units 
                        administered by the agency, and (II) 
                        the number of vouchers under section 
                        8(o) of the United States Housing Act 
                        of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(o)) 
                        administered by the agency, is 550 or 
                        fewer.
                          (ii) The agency is not designated 
                        under section 6(j)(2) as a troubled 
                        public housing agency, and does not 
                        have a failing score under the section 
                        8 Management Assessment Program during 
                        the prior 12 months.
  (c) Procedures.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish 
        requirements and procedures for submission and review 
        of plans, including requirements for timing and form of 
        submission, and for the contents of such plans.
          (2) Contents.--The procedures established under 
        paragraph (1) shall provide that a public housing 
        agency shall--
                  (A) in developing the plan consult with the 
                resident advisory board established under 
                subsection (e); and
                  (B) ensure that the plan under this section 
                is consistent with the applicable comprehensive 
                housing affordability strategy (or any 
                consolidated plan incorporating such strategy) 
                for the jurisdiction in which the public 
                housing agency is located, in accordance with 
                title I of the Cranston-Gonzalez National 
                Affordable Housing Act, and contains a 
                certification by the appropriate State or local 
                official that the plan meets the requirements 
                of this paragraph and a description of the 
                manner in which the applicable contents of the 
                public housing agency plan are consistent with 
                the comprehensive housing affordability 
                strategy.
  (d) Contents.--An annual public housing agency plan under 
subsection (b) for a public housing agency shall contain the 
following information relating to the upcoming fiscal year for 
which the assistance under this Act is to be made available:
          (1) Needs.--A statement of the housing needs of low-
        income and very low-income families residing in the 
        jurisdiction served by the public housing agency, and 
        of other low-income and very low-income families on the 
        waiting list of the agency (including housing needs of 
        elderly families and disabled families), and the means 
        by which the public housing agency intends, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, to address those needs.
          (2) Financial resources.--A statement of financial 
        resources available to the agency and the planned uses 
        of those resources.
          (3) Eligibility, selection, and admissions 
        policies.--A statement of the policies governing 
        eligibility, selection, admissions (including any 
        preferences), assignment, and occupancy of families 
        with respect to public housing dwelling units and 
        housing assistance under section 8(o), including--
                  (A) the procedures for maintaining waiting 
                lists for admissions to public housing projects 
                of the agency, which may include a system of 
                site-based waiting lists under section 6(r); 
                and
                  (B) the admissions policy under section 
                16(a)(3)(B) for deconcentration of lower-income 
                families.
          (4) Rent determination.--A statement of the policies 
        of the public housing agency governing rents charged 
        for public housing dwelling units and rental 
        contributions of families assisted under section 8(o).
          (5) Operation and management.--A statement of the 
        rules, standards, and policies of the public housing 
        agency governing maintenance and management of housing 
        owned, assisted, or operated by the public housing 
        agency (which shall include me