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116th Congress    }                                           {    Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                           {   116-234

======================================================================



 
               PATRIOTIC EMPLOYER PROTECTION ACT OF 2019

                                _______
                                

October 15, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

  Ms. Velazquez, from the Committee on Small Business, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3661]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Small Business, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 3661) to support entrepreneurs serving in the 
National Guard and Reserve, and for other purposes, having 
considered the same, report favorably thereon without amendment 
and recommend that the bill do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
   I. Purpose and Bill Summary........................................1
  II. Background and Need for Legislation.............................2
 III. Hearings........................................................2
  IV. Committee Consideration.........................................3
   V. Committee Votes.................................................3
  VI. Section-by-Section Analysis for H.R. 3661.......................5
 VII. Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate.......................5
VIII. Unfunded Mandates...............................................7
  IX. New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditure7
   X. Oversight Findings..............................................7
  XI. Statement of Constitutional Authority...........................7
 XII. Congressional Accountability Act................................7
XIII. Federal Advisory Committee Act Statement........................7
 XIV. Statement of No Earmarks........................................7
  XV. Statement of Duplication of Federal Programs....................8
 XVI. Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings.............................8
XVII. Performance Goals and Objectives................................8
XVIII.Changes in Existing Law, Made by the Bill, As Reported..........8


                      I. Purpose and Bill Summary

    The purpose of H.R. 3661, the ``Patriotic Employer 
Protection Act of 2019,'' is to broaden the pool of 
servicemembers and reservists eligible for the SBA's Military 
Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan (MREIDL) and Repayment 
Deferral programs to include servicemembers and reservists who 
have been ordered to perform active service for a period of 
more than 30 consecutive days, regardless of whether such 
service was during a period of military conflict.

                II. Background and Need for Legislation

    H.R. 3661 was introduced by Rep. Andy Kim (D-NJ) and Rep. 
Tim Burchett (R-TN) on July 10, 2019. The bill aligns the 
MREIDL and Repayment Deferral programs with current deployment 
practices.
    The Small Business Administration (SBA) currently offers 
two programs authorized by Congress to assist small businesses 
when an essential employee is called up as part of National 
Guard or Reservist duties. The Military Reservist Economic 
Injury Disaster Loan (MREIDL) is a direct loan program that 
provides emergency working capital to small businesses to meet 
their obligations until operations return to normal after the 
essential employee is released from active duty military. The 
Repayment Deferral for Active Duty Reservists (Repayment 
Deferral) authorizes the SBA to work with private lenders to 
defer interest or loan repayment for small businesses facing 
similar situations. Regrettably, utilization of these programs 
remains low due to eligibility restrictions and lack of 
awareness. A survey conducted by the National Guard Bureau 
(NGB) found that seventy percent of State and Territorial 
commands were unaware of the programs.
    H.R. 3661 would improve the MREIDL and Repayment Deferral 
programs by making them more accessible to service members. The 
bill would restructure the programs so that they are not 
limited to periods of conflict, reflecting the shift reserve 
forces have experienced over the past decade from a strategic 
reserve to an operational reserve.
    Specifically, the bill removes statutory restrictions that 
limit use of the programs to active duty ``during a period of 
military conflict'' and replaces this language with ``being 
ordered to perform active service for a period of more than 30 
consecutive days.''

                             III. Hearings

    In the 116th Congress, the Committee on Small Business held 
a hearing on July 10, 2019 titled ``Continuing to Serve: From 
Military to Entrepreneur.''\1\ The witnesses for the hearing 
were: Mr. Davy Leghorn, Assistant Director, The American 
Legion, Washington, DC; Mr. Scott M. Davidson CPT. USA, 
Retired, Managing Partner and CEO, The GCO Consulting Group, 
McLean, VA; Ms. Torrance Hart, Founder, Teak and Twine, LLC, 
Springfield, VA and; Ms. Laurie Sayles, President and CEO, 
Civility Management Solutions, Greenbelt, MD.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Continuing to Serve: From Military to Entrepreneur, Hearing 
Before the H. Comm. On Small Bus., 116th Cong. (2019).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    This hearing continued the Committee's longstanding effort 
to promote veteran entrepreneurship and maximize opportunities 
for veterans to start and grow a small business. Specifically, 
the Committee heard testimony stating that the MREIDL and 
Repayment Deferral programs are currently being underutilized 
because their eligibility restrictions do not reflect current 
deployment practices. According to the testimony, both the 
Guard and Reserve have transitioned from a strategic reserve 
into an operational force to meet the exigencies of an all-
volunteer force in an era of persistent conflict in which all 
soldiers, active-duty and reserve-component alike, are expected 
to regularly deploy. The change proposed by the legislation 
would better align the two programs with current deployment 
practices.

                      IV. Committee Consideration

    The Committee on Small Business met in open session, with a 
quorum being present, on July 17, 2019, and ordered H.R. 3661 
favorably reported to the House of Representatives. During the 
markup, no amendments were offered.

                           V. Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires the Committee to list the recorded 
votes on the motion to report legislation and amendments 
thereto. The Committee voted by voice vote to favorably report 
H.R. 3661 to the House at 12:03 P.M.


                  VI. Section-by-Section of H.R. 3661


Section 1. Short title

    This section designates the bill as the ``Patriotic 
Employer Protection Act of 2019.''

Section 2. Extension of loan assistance and deferral eligibility to 
        reservists beyond periods of military conflict

    This section removes statutory restrictions that limit use 
of the programs to active duty ``during a period of military 
conflict'' and replaces this language with ``being ordered to 
perform active service for a period of more than 30 consecutive 
days.'' This broadens the pool of service members and 
reservists eligible for the MREIDL and Repayment Deferral 
programs. This section also requires the President to submit to 
Congress a report on the number of loans made under the MREIDL 
program and the dollar volume of those loans.

             VII. Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    The Congressional Budget Office pursuant to 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, submitted a cost estimate for 
H.R. 3661 that stated enacting the legislation would not 
significantly increase net direct spending or budget deficits 
in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 
2030.

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                    Washington, DC, August 9, 2019.
Hon. Nydia M. Velazquez,
Chairwoman, Committee on Small Business,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Madam Chairwoman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 3661, the 
Patriotic Employer Protection Act of 2019.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Jon Sperl.
            Sincerely,
                                         Phillip L. Swagel,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.

    
    

    Under its disaster loan program, the Small Business 
Administration (SBA) provides direct loans to people and small 
businesses, including those that suffered substantial economic 
injury because essential employees were ordered to active duty 
during a military conflict. S. 3661 would expand the definition 
of active military service used to determine loan eligibility 
to mean any period of service for at least 30 consecutive days 
including periods of full-time training, attendance at military 
schools, and National Guard duty. Expanding the definition of 
active military service also would increase eligibility for a 
program that allows loan recipients to defer the repayment of 
principal and interest on disaster loans.
    Using information from the SBA about the disaster loan 
program, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would 
slightly increase the total amount of loans administered by the 
SBA. That increase would increase the estimated subsidy cost of 
disaster loans by an insignificant amount.\1\ The total subsidy 
cost of the disaster loan program was $548 million in 2018. 
Historically, less than 2 percent of disaster loans are made 
each year to small businesses who suffer economic injury 
because of employees being called into military service.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\The subsidy cost is the estimated long-term cost to the 
government, calculated on a net-present-value basis. Present value is a 
single number that expresses a flow of current and future income (or 
payments) in terms of an equivalent lump sum received (or paid) at a 
specific time. That value depends on the rate of interest (called the 
discount rate) used to translate future cash flows into current 
dollars.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The bill also would expand the pool of people and 
businesses who are eligible to defer the payment of principal 
and interest for disaster loans in certain circumstances. 
Because that provision could affect the timing of expected 
payments for loans currently outstanding, the budgetary effects 
of those changes would be treated as direct spending and 
recorded in the year of enactment. Using information from the 
SBA, CBO estimates that the net increase in direct spending 
from that provision would be insignificant over the 2020-2029 
period.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Jon Sperl. The 
estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

                        VIII. Unfunded Mandates

    H.R. 3661 contains no intergovernmental or private sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, Public 
Law No. 104-4, and would impose no costs on state, local, or 
tribal governments.

 IX. New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House, the Committee provides the following opinion and 
estimate with respect to new budget authority, entitlement 
authority, and tax expenditures. The Committee adopts as its 
own the cost estimate prepared by the Director of the 
Congressional Budget Office pursuant to Sec.  402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, which found that H.R. 3661 
could affect direct spending due to the timing of expected 
payments of loans currently outstanding, but any net increase 
on those expected payments would be negligible so that enacting 
H.R. 3661 would not affect revenues.

                         X. Oversight Findings

    In accordance with clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the Rules of 
the House, the oversight findings and recommendations of the 
Committee on Small Business with respect to the subject matter 
contained in H.R. 3661 are incorporated into the descriptive 
portions of this report.

               XI. Statement of Constitutional Authority

    Pursuant to clause 7 of rule XII of the Rules of the House 
of Representatives, the Committee finds the authority for this 
legislation in Art. I, Sec.  8 of the Constitution of the 
United States.

                 XII. Congressional Accountability Act

    H.R. 3661 does not relate to the terms and conditions of 
employment or access to public services or accommodations 
within the meaning of Sec. 102(b)(3) of Public Law No. 104-1.

             XIII. Federal Advisory Committee Act Statement

    H.R. 3661 does not establish or authorize the establishment 
of any new advisory committees as that term is defined in the 
Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. 2.

                     XIV. Statement of No Earmarks

    Pursuant to clause 9 of rule XXI, H.R. 3661 does not 
contain any congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or 
limited tariff benefits as defined in subsections (d), (e), or 
(f) of clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House.

            XV. Statement of Duplication of Federal Programs

    Pursuant to clause 3 of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House, no provision of H.R. 3661 establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the federal government known to be duplicative of 
another federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the United States Government Accountability Office 
pursuant to Sec.  21 of Pub. L. No. 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent catalog of 
federal domestic assistance.

                XVI. Disclosure of Directed Rulemakings

    Pursuant to clause 3 of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House, H.R. 3661 does not direct any rulemaking.

                 XVII. Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XII of the Rules of the 
House, the Committee establishes the following performance-
related goals and objectives for this legislation:
    H.R. 3661 aligns current deployment practices with policies 
to increase access to capital for small businesses with an 
essential employee who was deployed as part of the National 
Guard or Reserve.

      XVIII. Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause (E) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House, changes in existing law made by the bill, as 
reported, as shown as follows: existing law proposed to be 
omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new matter is printed in 
italic, and existing law in which no change is proposed is 
shown in roman:

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

                           SMALL BUSINESS ACT




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
  Sec. 7. (a) Loans to Small Business Concerns; Allowable 
Purposes; Qualified Business; Restrictions and Limitations.--
The Administration is empowered to the extent and in such 
amounts as provided in advance in appropriation Acts to make 
loans for plant acquisition, construction, conversion, or 
expansion, including the acquisition of land, material, 
supplies, equipment, and working capital, and to make loans to 
any qualified small business concern, including those owned by 
qualified Indian tribes, for purposes of this Act. Such 
financings may be made either directly or in cooperation with 
banks or other financial institutions through agreements to 
participate on an immediate or deferred (guaranteed) basis. 
These powers shall be subject, however, to the following 
restrictions, limitations, and provisions:
          (1) In general.--
                  (A) Credit elsewhere.--
                          (i) In general.--The Administrator 
                        has the authority to direct, and 
                        conduct oversight for, the methods by 
                        which lenders determine whether a 
                        borrower is able to obtain credit 
                        elsewhere. No financial assistance 
                        shall be extended pursuant to this 
                        subsection if the applicant can obtain 
                        credit elsewhere. No immediate 
                        participation may be purchased unless 
                        it is shown that a deferred 
                        participation is not available; and no 
                        direct financing may be made unless it 
                        is shown that a participation is not 
                        available.
                          (ii) Liquidity.--On and after October 
                        1, 2015, the Administrator may not 
                        guarantee a loan under this subsection 
                        if the lender determines that the 
                        borrower is unable to obtain credit 
                        elsewhere solely because the liquidity 
                        of the lender depends upon the 
                        guaranteed portion of the loan being 
                        sold on the secondary market.
                  (B) Background checks.--Prior to the approval 
                of any loan made pursuant to this subsection, 
                or section 503 of the Small Business Investment 
                Act of 1958, the Administrator may verify the 
                applicant's criminal background, or lack 
                thereof, through the best available means, 
                including, if possible, use of the National 
                Crime Information Center computer system at the 
                Federal Bureau of Investigation.
                  (C) Lending limits of lenders.--On and after 
                October 1, 2015, the Administrator may not 
                guarantee a loan under this subsection if the 
                sole purpose for requesting the guarantee is to 
                allow the lender to exceed the legal lending 
                limit of the lender.
          (2) Level of participation in guaranteed loans.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B), (D), and (E), in an 
                agreement to participate in a loan on a 
                deferred basis under this subsection (including 
                a loan made under the Preferred Lenders 
                Program), such participation by the 
                Administration shall be equal to--
                          (i) 75 percent of the balance of the 
                        financing outstanding at the time of 
                        disbursement of the loan, if such 
                        balance exceeds $150,000; or
                          (ii) 85 percent of the balance of the 
                        financing outstanding at the time of 
                        disbursement of the loan, if such 
                        balance is less than or equal to 
                        $150,000.
                  (B) Reduced participation upon request.--
                          (i) In general.--The guarantee 
                        percentage specified by subparagraph 
                        (A) for any loan under this subsection 
                        may be reduced upon the request of the 
                        participating lender.
                          (ii) Prohibition.--The Administration 
                        shall not use the guarantee percentage 
                        requested by a participating lender 
                        under clause (i) as a criterion for 
                        establishing priorities in approving 
                        loan guarantee requests under this 
                        subsection.
                  (C) Interest rate under preferred lenders 
                program.--
                          (i) In general.--The maximum interest 
                        rate for a loan guaranteed under the 
                        Preferred Lenders Program shall not 
                        exceed the maximum interest rate, as 
                        determined by the Administration, 
                        applicable to other loans guaranteed 
                        under this subsection.
                          (ii) Export-import bank lenders.--Any 
                        lender that is participating in the 
                        Delegated Authority Lender Program of 
                        the Export-Import Bank of the United 
                        States (or any successor to the 
                        Program) shall be eligible to 
                        participate in the Preferred Lenders 
                        Program.
                          (iii) Preferred lenders program 
                        defined.--For purposes of this 
                        subparagraph, the term ``Preferred 
                        Lenders Program'' means any program 
                        established by the Administrator, as 
                        authorized under the proviso in section 
                        5(b)(7), under which a written 
                        agreement between the lender and the 
                        Administration delegates to the 
                        lender--
                                  (I) complete authority to 
                                make and close loans with a 
                                guarantee from the 
                                Administration without 
                                obtaining the prior specific 
                                approval of the Administration; 
                                and
                                  (II) complete authority to 
                                service and liquidate such 
                                loans without obtaining the 
                                prior specific approval of the 
                                Administration for routine 
                                servicing and liquidation 
                                activities, but shall not take 
                                any actions creating an actual 
                                or apparent conflict of 
                                interest.
                  (D) Participation under export working 
                capital program.--In an agreement to 
                participate in a loan on a deferred basis under 
                the Export Working Capital Program established 
                pursuant to paragraph (14)(A), such 
                participation by the Administration shall be 90 
                percent.
                  (E) Participation in international trade 
                loan.--In an agreement to participate in a loan 
                on a deferred basis under paragraph (16), the 
                participation by the Administration may not 
                exceed 90 percent.
          (3) No loan shall be made under this subsection--
                  (A) if the total amount outstanding and 
                committed (by participation or otherwise) to 
                the borrower from the business loan and 
                investment fund established by this Act would 
                exceed $3,750,000 (or if the gross loan amount 
                would exceed $5,000,000), except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B);
                  (B) if the total amount outstanding and 
                committed (on a deferred basis) solely for the 
                purposes provided in paragraph (16) to the 
                borrower from the business loan and investment 
                fund established by this Act would exceed 
                $4,500,000 (or if the gross loan amount would 
                exceed $5,000,000), of which not more than 
                $4,000,000 may be used for working capital, 
                supplies, or financings under section 7(a)(14) 
                for export purposes; and
                  (C) if effected either directly or in 
                cooperation with banks or other lending 
                institutions through agreements to participate 
                on an immediate basis if the amount would 
                exceed $350,000.
          (4) Interest rates and prepayment charges.--
                  (A) Interest rates.--Notwithstanding the 
                provisions of the constitution of any State or 
                the laws of any State limiting the rate or 
                amount of interest which may be charged, taken, 
                received, or reserved, the maximum legal rate 
                of interest on any financing made on a deferred 
                basis pursuant to this subsection shall not 
                exceed a rate prescribed by the Administration, 
                and the rate of interest for the 
                Administration's share of any direct or 
                immediate participation loan shall not exceed 
                the current average market yield on outstanding 
                marketable obligations of the United States 
                with remaining periods to maturity comparable 
                to the average maturities of such loans and 
                adjusted to the nearest one-eighth of 1 per 
                centum, and an additional amount as determined 
                by the Administration, but not to exceed 1 per 
                centum per annum: Provided, That for those 
                loans to assist any public or private 
                organization for the handicapped or to assist 
                any handicapped individual as provided in 
                paragraph (10) of this subsection, the interest 
                rate shall be 3 per centum per annum.
                  (B) Payment of accrued interest.--
                          (i) In general.--Any bank or other 
                        lending institution making a claim for 
                        payment on the guaranteed portion of a 
                        loan made under this subsection shall 
                        be paid the accrued interest due on the 
                        loan from the earliest date of default 
                        to the date of payment of the claim at 
                        a rate not to exceed the rate of 
                        interest on the loan on the date of 
                        default, minus one percent.
                          (ii) Loans sold on secondary 
                        market.--If a loan described in clause 
                        (i) is sold on the secondary market, 
                        the amount of interest paid to a bank 
                        or other lending institution described 
                        in that clause from the earliest date 
                        of default to the date of payment of 
                        the claim shall be no more than the 
                        agreed upon rate, minus one percent.
                          (iii) Applicability.--Clauses (i) and 
                        (ii) shall not apply to loans made on 
                        or after October 1, 2000.
                  (C) Prepayment charges.--
                          (i) In general.--A borrower who 
                        prepays any loan guaranteed under this 
                        subsection shall remit to the 
                        Administration a subsidy recoupment fee 
                        calculated in accordance with clause 
                        (ii) if--
                                  (I) the loan is for a term of 
                                not less than 15 years;
                                  (II) the prepayment is 
                                voluntary;
                                  (III) the amount of 
                                prepayment in any calendar year 
                                is more than 25 percent of the 
                                outstanding balance of the 
                                loan; and
                                  (IV) the prepayment is made 
                                within the first 3 years after 
                                disbursement of the loan 
                                proceeds.
                          (ii) Subsidy recoupment fee.--The 
                        subsidy recoupment fee charged under 
                        clause (i) shall be--
                                  (I) 5 percent of the amount 
                                of prepayment, if the borrower 
                                prepays during the first year 
                                after disbursement;
                                  (II) 3 percent of the amount 
                                of prepayment, if the borrower 
                                prepays during the second year 
                                after disbursement; and
                                  (III) 1 percent of the amount 
                                of prepayment, if the borrower 
                                prepays during the third year 
                                after disbursement.
          (5) No such loans including renewals and extensions 
        thereof may be made for a period or periods exceeding 
        twenty-five years, except that such portion of a loan 
        made for the purpose of acquiring real property or 
        constructing, converting, or expanding facilities may 
        have a maturity of twenty-five years plus such 
        additional period as is estimated may be required to 
        complete such construction, conversion, or expansion.
          (6) All loans made under this subsection shall be of 
        such sound value or so secured as reasonably to assure 
        repayment: Provided, however, That--
                  (A) for loans to assist any public or private 
                organization or to assist any handicapped 
                individual as provided in paragraph (10) of 
                this subsection any reasonable doubt shall be 
                resolved in favor of the applicant;
                  (B) recognizing that greater risk may be 
                associated with loans for energy measures as 
                provided in paragraph (12) of this subsection, 
                factors in determining ``sound value'' shall 
                include, but not be limited to, quality of the 
                product or service; technical qualifications of 
                the applicant or his employees; sales 
                projections; and the financial status of the 
                business concern: Provided further, That such 
                status need not be as sound as that required 
                for general loans under this subsection; and
        On that portion of the loan used to refinance existing 
        indebtedness held by a bank or other lending 
        institution, the Administration shall limit the amount 
        of deferred participation to 80 per centum of the 
        amount of the loan at the time of disbursement: 
        Provided further, That any authority conferred by this 
        subparagraph on the Administration shall be exercised 
        solely by the Administration and shall not be delegated 
        to other than Administration personnel.
          (7) The Administration may defer payments on the 
        principal of such loans for a grace period and use such 
        other methods as it deems necessary and appropriate to 
        assure the successful establishment and operation of 
        such concern.
          (8) The Administration may make loans under this 
        subsection to small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by disabled veterans (as defined in section 
        4211(3) of title 38, United States Code).
          (9) The Administration may provide loans under this 
        subsection to finance residential or commercial 
        construction or rehabilitation for sale: Provided, 
        however, That such loans shall not be used primarily 
        for the acquisition of land.
          (10) The Administration may provide guaranteed loans 
        under this subsection to assist any public or private 
        organization for the handicapped or to assist any 
        handicapped individual, including service-disabled 
        veterans, in establishing, acquiring, or operating a 
        small business concern.
          (11) The Administration may provide loans under this 
        subsection to any small business concern, or to any 
        qualified person seeking to establish such a concern 
        when it determines that such loan will further the 
        policies established in section 2(c) of this Act, with 
        particular emphasis on the preservation or 
        establishment of small business concerns located in 
        urban or rural areas with high proportions of 
        unemployed or low-income individuals or owned by low-
        income individuals.
          (12)(A) The Administration may provide loans under 
        this subsection to assist any small business concern, 
        including start up, to enable such concern to design 
        architecturally or engineer, manufacture, distribute, 
        market, install, or service energy measures: Provided, 
        however, That such loan proceeds shall not be used 
        primarily for research and development.
  (b) The Administration may provide deferred participation 
loans under this subsection to finance the planning, design, or 
installation of pollution control facilities for the purposes 
set forth in section 404 of the Small Business Investment Act 
of 1958. Notwithstanding the limitation expressed in paragraph 
(3) of this subsection, a loan made under this paragraph may 
not result in a total amount outstanding and committed to a 
borrower from the business loan and investment fund of more 
than $1,000,000.
          (13) The Administration may provide financing under 
        this subsection to State and local development 
        companies for the purposes of, and subject to the 
        restrictions in, title V of the Small Business 
        Investment Act of 1958.
          (14) Export working capital program.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administrator may 
                provide extensions of credit, standby letters 
                of credit, revolving lines of credit for export 
                purposes, and other financing to enable small 
                business concerns, including small business 
                export trading companies and small business 
                export management companies, to develop foreign 
                markets. A bank or participating lending 
                institution may establish the rate of interest 
                on such financings as may be legal and 
                reasonable.
                  (B) Terms.--
                          (i) Loan amount.--The Administrator 
                        may not guarantee a loan under this 
                        paragraph of more than $5,000,000.
                          (ii) Fees.--
                                  (I) In general.--For a loan 
                                under this paragraph, the 
                                Administrator shall collect the 
                                fee assessed under paragraph 
                                (23) not more frequently than 
                                once each year.
                                  (II) Untapped credit.--The 
                                Administrator may not assess a 
                                fee on capital that is not 
                                accessed by the small business 
                                concern.
                  (C) Considerations.--When considering loan or 
                guarantee applications, the Administration 
                shall give weight to export-related benefits, 
                including opening new markets for United States 
                goods and services abroad and encouraging the 
                involvement of small businesses, including 
                agricultural concerns, in the export market.
                  (D) Marketing.--The Administrator shall 
                aggressively market its export financing 
                program to small businesses.
          (15)(A) The Administration may guarantee loans under 
        this subsection--
                  (i) to qualified employee trusts with respect 
                to a small business concern for the purpose of 
                purchasing, and for any transaction costs 
                associated with purchasing, stock of the 
                concern under a plan approved by the 
                Administrator which, when carried out, results 
                in the qualified employee trust owning at least 
                51 per centum of the stock of the concern; and
                  (ii) to a small business concern under a plan 
                approved by the Administrator, if the proceeds 
                from the loan are only used to make a loan to a 
                qualified employee trust, and for any 
                transaction costs associated with making that 
                loan, that results in the qualified employee 
                trust owning at least 51 percent of the small 
                business concern.
          (B) The plan requiring the Administrator's approval 
        under subparagraph (A) shall be submitted to the 
        Administration by the trustee of such trust or by the 
        small business concern with its application for the 
        guarantee. Such plan shall include an agreement with 
        the Administrator which is binding on such trust and on 
        the small business concern and which provides that--
                  (i) not later than the date the loan 
                guaranteed under subparagraph (A) is repaid (or 
                as soon thereafter as is consistent with the 
                requirements of section 401(a) of the Internal 
                Revenue Code of 1954), at least 51 per centum 
                of the total stock of such concern shall be 
                allocated to the accounts of at least 51 per 
                centum of the employees of such concern who are 
                entitled to share in such allocation,
                  (ii) there will be periodic reviews of the 
                role in the management of such concern of 
                employees to whose accounts stock is allocated,
                  (iii) there will be adequate management to 
                assure management expertise and continuity, and
                  (iv) with respect to a loan made to a trust, 
                or to a cooperative in accordance with 
                paragraph (35)--
                          (I) a seller of the small business 
                        concern may remain involved as an 
                        officer, director, or key employee of 
                        the small business concern when a 
                        qualified employee trust or cooperative 
                        has acquired 100 percent of ownership 
                        of the small business concern; and
                          (II) any seller of the small business 
                        concern who remains as an owner of the 
                        small business concern, regardless of 
                        the percentage of ownership interest, 
                        shall be required to provide a personal 
                        guarantee by the Administration.
          (C) In determining whether to guarantee any loan 
        under this paragraph, the individual business 
        experience or personal assets of employee-owners shall 
        not be used as criteria, except inasmuch as certain 
        employee-owners may assume managerial responsibilities, 
        in which case business experience may be considered.
          (D) For purposes of this paragraph, a corporation 
        which is controlled by any other person shall be 
        treated as a small business concern if such corporation 
        would, after the plan described in subparagraph (B) is 
        carried out, be treated as a small business concern.
          (E) The Administration shall compile a separate list 
        of applications for assistance under this paragraph, 
        indicating which applications were accepted and which 
        were denied, and shall report periodically to the 
        Congress on the status of employee-owned firms assisted 
        by the Administration, which shall include--
                  (i) the total number of loans made to 
                employee-owned business concerns that were 
                guaranteed by the Administrator under section 
                7(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                636(a)) or section 502 of the Small Business 
                Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 696), 
                including the number of loans made--
                          (I) to small business concerns owned 
                        and controlled by socially and 
                        economically disadvantaged individuals; 
                        and
                          (II) to cooperatives;
                  (ii) the total number of financings made to 
                employee-owned business concerns by companies 
                licensed under section 301(c) of the Small 
                Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 
                696(c)), including the number of financings 
                made--
                          (I) to small business concerns owned 
                        and controlled by socially and 
                        economically disadvantaged individuals; 
                        and
                          (II) to cooperatives; and
                  (iii) any outreach and educational activities 
                conducted by the Administration with respect to 
                employee-owned business concerns.
          (F) A small business concern that makes a loan to a 
        qualified employee trust under subparagraph (A)(ii) is 
        not required to contain the same terms and conditions 
        as the loan made to the small business concern that is 
        guaranteed by the Administration under such 
        subparagraph.
          (G) With respect to a loan made to a qualified 
        employee trust under this paragraph, or to a 
        cooperative in accordance with paragraph (35), the 
        Administrator may, as deemed appropriate, elect to not 
        require any mandatory equity to be provided by the 
        qualified employee trust or cooperative to make the 
        loan.
          (16) International trade.--
                  (A) In general.--If the Administrator 
                determines that a loan guaranteed under this 
                subsection will allow an eligible small 
                business concern that is engaged in or 
                adversely affected by international trade to 
                improve its competitive position, the 
                Administrator may make such loan to assist such 
                concern--
                          (i) in the financing of the 
                        acquisition, construction, renovation, 
                        modernization, improvement, or 
                        expansion of productive facilities or 
                        equipment to be used in the United 
                        States in the production of goods and 
                        services involved in international 
                        trade;
                          (ii) in the refinancing of existing 
                        indebtedness that is not structured 
                        with reasonable terms and conditions, 
                        including any debt that qualifies for 
                        refinancing under any other provision 
                        of this subsection; or
                          (iii) by providing working capital.
                  (B) Security.--
                          (i) In general.--Except as provided 
                        in clause (ii), each loan made under 
                        this paragraph shall be secured by a 
                        first lien position or first mortgage 
                        on the property or equipment financed 
                        by the loan or on other assets of the 
                        small business concern.
                          (ii) Exception.--A loan under this 
                        paragraph may be secured by a second 
                        lien position on the property or 
                        equipment financed by the loan or on 
                        other assets of the small business 
                        concern, if the Administrator 
                        determines the lien provides adequate 
                        assurance of the payment of the loan.
                  (C) Engaged in international trade.--For 
                purposes of this paragraph, a small business 
                concern is engaged in international trade if, 
                as determined by the Administrator, the small 
                business concern is in a position to expand 
                existing export markets or develop new export 
                markets.
                  (D) Adversely affected by international 
                trade.--For purposes of this paragraph, a small 
                business concern is adversely affected by 
                international trade if, as determined by the 
                Administrator, the small business concern--
                          (i) is confronting increased 
                        competition with foreign firms in the 
                        relevant market; and
                          (ii) is injured by such competition.
                  (E) Findings by certain federal agencies.--
                For purposes of subparagraph (D)(ii) the 
                Administrator shall accept any finding of 
                injury by the International Trade Commission or 
                any finding of injury by the Secretary of 
                Commerce pursuant to chapter 3 of title II of 
                the Trade Act of 1974.
                  (F) List of export finance lenders.--
                          (i) Publication of list required.--
                        The Administrator shall publish an 
                        annual list of the banks and 
                        participating lending institutions 
                        that, during the 1-year period ending 
                        on the date of publication of the list, 
                        have made loans guaranteed by the 
                        Administration under--
                                  (I) this paragraph;
                                  (II) paragraph (14); or
                                  (III) paragraph (34).
                          (ii) Availability of list.--The 
                        Administrator shall--
                                  (I) post the list published 
                                under clause (i) on the website 
                                of the Administration; and
                                  (II) make the list published 
                                under clause (i) available, 
                                upon request, at each district 
                                office of the Administration.
          (17) The Administration shall authorize lending 
        institutions and other entities in addition to banks to 
        make loans authorized under this subsection.
          (18) Guarantee fees.--
                  (A) In general.--With respect to each loan 
                guaranteed under this subsection (other than a 
                loan that is repayable in 1 year or less), the 
                Administration shall collect a guarantee fee, 
                which shall be payable by the participating 
                lender, and may be charged to the borrower, as 
                follows:
                          (i) A guarantee fee not to exceed 2 
                        percent of the deferred participation 
                        share of a total loan amount that is 
                        not more than $150,000.
                          (ii) A guarantee fee not to exceed 3 
                        percent of the deferred participation 
                        share of a total loan amount that is 
                        more than $150,000, but not more than 
                        $700,000.
                          (iii) A guarantee fee not to exceed 
                        3.5 percent of the deferred 
                        participation share of a total loan 
                        amount that is more than $700,000.
                          (iv) In addition to the fee under 
                        clause (iii), a guarantee fee equal to 
                        0.25 percent of any portion of the 
                        deferred participation share that is 
                        more than $1,000,000.
                  (B) Retention of certain fees.--Lenders 
                participating in the programs established under 
                this subsection may retain not more than 25 
                percent of a fee collected under subparagraph 
                (A)(i).
          (19)(A) In addition to the Preferred Lenders Program 
        authorized by the proviso in section 5(b)(7), the 
        Administration is authorized to establish a Certified 
        Lenders Program for lenders who establish their 
        knowledge of Administration laws and regulations 
        concerning the guaranteed loan program and their 
        proficiency in program requirements. The designation of 
        a lender as a certified lender shall be suspended or 
        revoked at any time that the Administration determines 
        that the lender is not adhering to its rules and 
        regulations or that the loss experience of the lender 
        is excessive as compared to other lenders, but such 
        suspension or revocation shall not affect any 
        outstanding guarantee.
          (B) In order to encourage all lending institutions 
        and other entities making loans authorized under this 
        subsection to provide loans of $50,000 or less in 
        guarantees to eligible small business loan applicants, 
        the Administration shall develop and allow 
        participating lenders to solely utilize a uniform and 
        simplified loan form for such loans.
                  (C) Authority to liquidate loans.--
                          (i) In general.--The Administrator 
                        may permit lenders participating in the 
                        Certified Lenders Program to liquidate 
                        loans made with a guarantee from the 
                        Administration pursuant to a 
                        liquidation plan approved by the 
                        Administrator.
                          (ii) Automatic approval.--If the 
                        Administrator does not approve or deny 
                        a request for approval of a liquidation 
                        plan within 10 business days of the 
                        date on which the request is made (or 
                        with respect to any routine liquidation 
                        activity under such a plan, within 5 
                        business days) such request shall be 
                        deemed to be approved.
          (20)(A) The Administration is empowered to make loans 
        either directly or in cooperation with banks or other 
        financial institutions through agreements to 
        participate on an immediate or deferred (guaranteed) 
        basis to small business concerns eligible for 
        assistance under subsection (j)(10) and section 8(a). 
        Such assistance may be provided only if the 
        Administration determines that--
                  (i) the type and amount of such assistance 
                requested by such concern is not otherwise 
                available on reasonable terms from other 
                sources;
                  (ii) with such assistance such concern has a 
                reasonable prospect for operating soundly and 
                profitably within a reasonable period of time;
                  (iii) the proceeds of such assistance will be 
                used within a reasonable time for plant 
                construction, conversion, or expansion, 
                including the acquisition of equipment, 
                facilities, machinery, supplies, or material or 
                to supply such concern with working capital to 
                be used in the manufacture of articles, 
                equipment, supplies, or material for defense or 
                civilian production or as may be necessary to 
                insure a well-balanced national economy; and
                  (iv) such assistance is of such sound value 
                as reasonably to assure that the terms under 
                which it is provided will not be breached by 
                the small business concern.
          (B)(i) No loan shall be made under this paragraph if 
        the total amount outstanding and committed (by 
        participation or otherwise) to the borrower would 
        exceed $750,000.
          (ii) Subject to the provisions of clause (i), in 
        agreements to participate in loans on a deferred 
        (guaranteed) basis, participation by the Administration 
        shall be not less than 85 per centum of the balance of 
        the financing outstanding at the time of disbursement.
          (iii) The rate of interest on financings made on a 
        deferred (guaranteed) basis shall be legal and 
        reasonable.
          (iv) Financings made pursuant to this paragraph shall 
        be subject to the following limitations:
                  (I) No immediate participation may be 
                purchased unless it is shown that a deferred 
                participation is not available.
                  (II) No direct financing may be made unless 
                it is shown that a participation is 
                unavailable.
          (C) A direct loan or the Administration's share of an 
        immediate participation loan made pursuant to this 
        paragraph shall be any secured debt instrument--
                  (i) that is subordinated by its terms to all 
                other borrowings of the issuer;
                  (ii) the rate of interest on which shall not 
                exceed the current average market yield on 
                outstanding marketable obligations of the 
                United States with remaining periods to 
                maturity comparable to the average maturities 
                of such loan and adjusted to the nearest one-
                eighth of 1 per centum;
                  (iii) the term of which is not more than 
                twenty-five years; and
                  (iv) the principal on which is amortized at 
                such rate as may be deemed appropriate by the 
                Administration, and the interest on which is 
                payable not less often than annually.
  (21)(A) The Administration may make loans on a guaranteed 
basis under the authority of this subsection--
          (i) to a small business concern that has been (or can 
        reasonably be expected to be) detrimentally affected 
        by--
                  (I) the closure (or substantial reduction) of 
                a Department of Defense installation; or
                  (II) the termination (or substantial 
                reduction) of a Department of Defense program 
                on which such small business was a prime 
                contractor or subcontractor (or supplier) at 
                any tier; or
          (ii) to a qualified individual or a veteran seeking 
        to establish (or acquire) and operate a small business 
        concern.
  (B) Recognizing that greater risk may be associated with a 
loan to a small business concern described in subparagraph 
(A)(i), any reasonable doubts concerning the firm's proposed 
business plan for transition to nondefense-related markets 
shall be resolved in favor of the loan applicant when making 
any determination regarding the sound value of the proposed 
loan in accordance with paragraph (6).
  (C) Loans pursuant to this paragraph shall be authorized in 
such amounts as provided in advance in appropriation Acts for 
the purposes of loans under this paragraph.
  (D) For purposes of this paragraph a qualified individual 
is--
          (i) a member of the Armed Forces of the United 
        States, honorably discharged from active duty 
        involuntarily or pursuant to a program providing 
        bonuses or other inducements to encourage voluntary 
        separation or early retirement;
          (ii) a civilian employee of the Department of Defense 
        involuntarily separated from Federal service or retired 
        pursuant to a program offering inducements to encourage 
        early retirement; or
          (iii) an employee of a prime contractor, 
        subcontractor, or supplier at any tier of a Department 
        of Defense program whose employment is involuntarily 
        terminated (or voluntarily terminated pursuant to a 
        program offering inducements to encourage voluntary 
        separation or early retirement) due to the termination 
        (or substantial reduction) of a Department of Defense 
        program.
          (E) Job creation and community benefit.--In providing 
        assistance under this paragraph, the Administration 
        shall develop procedures to ensure, to the maximum 
        extent practicable, that such assistance is used for 
        projects that--
                  (i) have the greatest potential for--
                          (I) creating new jobs for individuals 
                        whose employment is involuntarily 
                        terminated due to reductions in Federal 
                        defense expenditures; or
                          (II) preventing the loss of jobs by 
                        employees of small business concerns 
                        described in subparagraph (A)(i); and
                  (ii) have substantial potential for 
                stimulating new economic activity in 
                communities most affected by reductions in 
                Federal defense expenditures.
          (22) The Administration is authorized to permit 
        participating lenders to impose and collect a 
        reasonable penalty fee on late payments of loans 
        guaranteed under this subsection in an amount not to 
        exceed 5 percent of the monthly loan payment per month 
        plus interest.
          (23) Yearly fee.--
                  (A) In general.--With respect to each loan 
                approved under this subsection, the 
                Administration shall assess, collect, and 
                retain a fee, not to exceed 0.55 percent per 
                year of the outstanding balance of the deferred 
                participation share of the loan, in an amount 
                established once annually by the Administration 
                in the Administration's annual budget request 
                to Congress, as necessary to reduce to zero the 
                cost to the Administration of making guarantees 
                under this subsection. As used in this 
                paragraph, the term ``cost'' has the meaning 
                given that term in section 502 of the Federal 
                Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a).
                  (B) Payer.--The yearly fee assessed under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be payable by the 
                participating lender and shall not be charged 
                to the borrower.
                  (C) Lowering of borrower fees.--If the 
                Administration determines that fees paid by 
                lenders and by small business borrowers for 
                guarantees under this subsection may be 
                reduced, consistent with reducing to zero the 
                cost to the Administration of making such 
                guarantees--
                          (i) the Administration shall first 
                        consider reducing fees paid by small 
                        business borrowers under clauses (i) 
                        through (iii) of paragraph (18)(A), to 
                        the maximum extent possible; and
                          (ii) fees paid by small business 
                        borrowers shall not be increased above 
                        the levels in effect on the date of 
                        enactment of this subparagraph.
          (24) Notification requirement.--The Administration 
        shall notify the Committees on Small Business of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives not later than 
        15 days before making any significant policy or 
        administrative change affecting the operation of the 
        loan program under this subsection.
          (25) Limitation on conducting pilot projects.--
                  (A) In general.--Not more than 10 percent of 
                the total number of loans guaranteed in any 
                fiscal year under this subsection may be 
                awarded as part of a pilot program which is 
                commenced by the Administrator on or after 
                October 1, 1996.
                  (B) Pilot program defined.--In this 
                paragraph, the term ``pilot program'' means any 
                lending program initiative, project, 
                innovation, or other activity not specifically 
                authorized by law.
                  (C) Low documentation loan program.--The 
                Administrator may carry out the low 
                documentation loan program for loans of 
                $100,000 or less only through lenders with 
                significant experience in making small business 
                loans. Not later than 90 days after the date of 
                enactment of this subsection, the Administrator 
                shall promulgate regulations defining the 
                experience necessary for participation as a 
                lender in the low documentation loan program.
          (26) Calculation of subsidy rate.--All fees, 
        interest, and profits received and retained by the 
        Administration under this subsection shall be included 
        in the calculations made by the Director of the Office 
        of Management and Budget to offset the cost (as that 
        term is defined in section 502 of the Federal Credit 
        Reform Act of 1990) to the Administration of purchasing 
        and guaranteeing loans under this Act.
          (28) Leasing.--In addition to such other lease 
        arrangements as may be authorized by the 
        Administration, a borrower may permanently lease to one 
        or more tenants not more than 20 percent of any 
        property constructed with the proceeds of a loan 
        guaranteed under this subsection, if the borrower 
        permanently occupies and uses not less than 60 percent 
        of the total business space in the property.
          (29) Real estate appraisals.--
                  (A) In general.--With respect to a loan under 
                this subsection that is secured by commercial 
                real property, an appraisal of such property by 
                a State licensed or certified appraiser--
                          (i) shall be required by the 
                        Administration in connection with any 
                        such loan, if such loan is in an amount 
                        greater than the Federal banking 
                        regulator appraisal threshold; or
                          (ii) may be required by the 
                        Administration or the lender in 
                        connection with any such loan, if such 
                        loan is in an amount equal to or less 
                        than the Federal banking regulator 
                        appraisal threshold, if such appraisal 
                        is necessary for appropriate evaluation 
                        of creditworthiness.
                  (B) Federal banking regulator appraisal 
                threshold defined.--For purposes of this 
                paragraph, the term ``Federal banking regulator 
                appraisal threshold'' means the lesser of the 
                threshold amounts set by the Board of Governors 
                of the Federal Reserve System, the Comptroller 
                of the Currency, and the Federal Deposit 
                Insurance Corporation for when a federally 
                related transaction that is a commercial real 
                estate transaction requires an appraisal 
                prepared by a State licensed or certified 
                appraiser.
          (30) Ownership requirements.--Ownership requirements 
        to determine the eligibility of a small business 
        concern that applies for assistance under any credit 
        program under this Act shall be determined without 
        regard to any ownership interest of a spouse arising 
        solely from the application of the community property 
        laws of a State for purposes of determining marital 
        interests.
          (31) Express loans.--
                  (A) Definitions.--As used in this paragraph:
                          (i) The term ``disaster area'' means 
                        the area for which the President has 
                        declared a major disaster, during the 
                        5-year period beginning on the date of 
                        the declaration.
                          (ii) The term ``express lender'' 
                        means any lender authorized by the 
                        Administration to participate in the 
                        Express Loan Program.
                          (iii) The term ``express loan'' means 
                        any loan made pursuant to this 
                        paragraph in which a lender utilizes to 
                        the maximum extent practicable its own 
                        loan analyses, procedures, and 
                        documentation.
                          (iv) The term ``Express Loan 
                        Program'' means the program for express 
                        loans established by the Administration 
                        under paragraph (25)(B), as in 
                        existence on April 5, 2004, with a 
                        guaranty rate of not more than 50 
                        percent.
                  (B) Restriction to express lender.--The 
                authority to make an express loan shall be 
                limited to those lenders deemed qualified to 
                make such loans by the Administration. 
                Designation as an express lender for purposes 
                of making an express loan shall not prohibit 
                such lender from taking any other action 
                authorized by the Administration for that 
                lender pursuant to this subsection.
                  (C) Grandfathering of existing lenders.--Any 
                express lender shall retain such designation 
                unless the Administration determines that the 
                express lender has violated the law or 
                regulations promulgated by the Administration 
                or modifies the requirements to be an express 
                lender and the lender no longer satisfies those 
                requirements.
                  (D) Maximum loan amount.--The maximum loan 
                amount under the Express Loan Program is 
                $350,000.
                  (E) Option to participate.--Except as 
                otherwise provided in this paragraph, the 
                Administration shall take no regulatory, 
                policy, or administrative action, without 
                regard to whether such action requires 
                notification pursuant to paragraph (24), that 
                has the effect of requiring a lender to make an 
                express loan pursuant to subparagraph (D).
                  (F) Express loans for renewable energy and 
                energy efficiency.--
                          (i) Definitions.--In this 
                        subparagraph--
                                  (I) the term ``biomass''--
                                          (aa) means any 
                                        organic material that 
                                        is available on a 
                                        renewable or recurring 
                                        basis, including--
                                                  (AA) 
                                                agricultural 
                                                crops;
                                                  (BB) trees 
                                                grown for 
                                                energy 
                                                production;
                                                  (CC) wood 
                                                waste and wood 
                                                residues;
                                                  (DD) plants 
                                                (including 
                                                aquatic plants 
                                                and grasses);
                                                  (EE) 
                                                residues;
                                                  (FF) fibers;
                                                  (GG) animal 
                                                wastes and 
                                                other waste 
                                                materials; and
                                                  (HH) fats, 
                                                oils, and 
                                                greases 
                                                (including 
                                                recycled fats, 
                                                oils, and 
                                                greases); and
                                          (bb) does not 
                                        include--
                                                  (AA) paper 
                                                that is 
                                                commonly 
                                                recycled; or
                                                  (BB) 
                                                unsegregated 
                                                solid waste;
                                  (II) the term ``energy 
                                efficiency project'' means the 
                                installation or upgrading of 
                                equipment that results in a 
                                significant reduction in energy 
                                usage; and
                                  (III) the term ``renewable 
                                energy system'' means a system 
                                of energy derived from--
                                          (aa) a wind, solar, 
                                        biomass (including 
                                        biodiesel), or 
                                        geothermal source; or
                                          (bb) hydrogen derived 
                                        from biomass or water 
                                        using an energy source 
                                        described in item (aa).
                          (ii) Loans.--The Administrator may 
                        make a loan under the Express Loan 
                        Program for the purpose of--
                                  (I) purchasing a renewable 
                                energy system; or
                                  (II) carrying out an energy 
                                efficiency project for a small 
                                business concern.
                  (G) Guarantee fee waiver for veterans.--
                          (i) Guarantee fee waiver.--The 
                        Administrator may not collect a 
                        guarantee fee described in paragraph 
                        (18) in connection with a loan made 
                        under this paragraph to a veteran or 
                        spouse of a veteran on or after October 
                        1, 2015.
                          (ii) Exception.--If the President's 
                        budget for the upcoming fiscal year, 
                        submitted to Congress pursuant to 
                        section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
                        States Code, includes a cost for the 
                        program established under this 
                        subsection that is above zero, the 
                        requirements of clause (i) shall not 
                        apply to loans made during such 
                        upcoming fiscal year.
                          (iii) Definition.--In this 
                        subparagraph, the term ``veteran or 
                        spouse of a veteran'' means--
                                  (I) a veteran, as defined in 
                                section 3(q)(4);
                                  (II) an individual who is 
                                eligible to participate in the 
                                Transition Assistance Program 
                                established under section 1144 
                                of title 10, United States 
                                Code;
                                  (III) a member of a reserve 
                                component of the Armed Forces 
                                named in section 10101 of title 
                                10, United States Code;
                                  (IV) the spouse of an 
                                individual described in 
                                subclause (I), (II), or (III); 
                                or
                                  (V) the surviving spouse (as 
                                defined in section 101 of title 
                                38, United States Code) of an 
                                individual described in 
                                subclause (I), (II), or (III) 
                                who died while serving on 
                                active duty or as a result of a 
                                disability that is service-
                                connected (as defined in such 
                                section).
                  (H) Recovery opportunity loans.--
                          (i) In general.--The Administrator 
                        may guarantee an express loan to a 
                        small business concern located in a 
                        disaster area in accordance with this 
                        subparagraph.
                          (ii) Maximums.--For a loan guaranteed 
                        under clause (i)--
                                  (I) the maximum loan amount 
                                is $150,000; and
                                  (II) the guarantee rate shall 
                                be not more than 85 percent.
                          (iii) Overall cap.--A loan guaranteed 
                        under clause (i) shall not be counted 
                        in determining the amount of loans made 
                        to a borrower for purposes of 
                        subparagraph (D).
                          (iv) Operations.--A small business 
                        concern receiving a loan guaranteed 
                        under clause (i) shall certify that the 
                        small business concern was in operation 
                        on the date on which the applicable 
                        major disaster occurred as a condition 
                        of receiving the loan.
                          (v) Repayment ability.--A loan 
                        guaranteed under clause (i) may only be 
                        made to a small business concern that 
                        demonstrates, to the satisfaction of 
                        the Administrator, sufficient capacity 
                        to repay the loan.
                          (vi) Timing of payment of 
                        guarantees.--
                                  (I) In general.--Not later 
                                than 90 days after the date on 
                                which a request for purchase is 
                                filed with the Administrator, 
                                the Administrator shall 
                                determine whether to pay the 
                                guaranteed portion of the loan.
                                  (II) Recapture.--
                                Notwithstanding any other 
                                provision of law, unless there 
                                is a subsequent finding of 
                                fraud by a court of competent 
                                jurisdiction relating to a loan 
                                guaranteed under clause (i), on 
                                and after the date that is 6 
                                months after the date on which 
                                the Administrator determines to 
                                pay the guaranteed portion of 
                                the loan, the Administrator may 
                                not attempt to recapture the 
                                paid guarantee.
                          (vii) Fees.--
                                  (I) In general.--Unless the 
                                Administrator has waived the 
                                guarantee fee that would 
                                otherwise be collected by the 
                                Administrator under paragraph 
                                (18) for a loan guaranteed 
                                under clause (i), and except as 
                                provided in subclause (II), the 
                                guarantee fee for the loan 
                                shall be equal to the guarantee 
                                fee that the Administrator 
                                would collect if the guarantee 
                                rate for the loan was 50 
                                percent.
                                  (II) Exception.--Subclause 
                                (I) shall not apply if the cost 
                                of carrying out the program 
                                under this subsection in a 
                                fiscal year is more than zero 
                                and such cost is directly 
                                attributable to the cost of 
                                guaranteeing loans under clause 
                                (i).
                          (viii) Rules.--Not later than 270 
                        days after the date of enactment of 
                        this subparagraph, the Administrator 
                        shall promulgate rules to carry out 
                        this subparagraph.
          (32) Loans for energy efficient technologies.--
                  (A) Definitions.--In this paragraph--
                          (i) the term ``cost'' has the meaning 
                        given that term in section 502 of the 
                        Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 
                        U.S.C. 661a);
                          (ii) the term ``covered energy 
                        efficiency loan'' means a loan--
                                  (I) made under this 
                                subsection; and
                                  (II) the proceeds of which 
                                are used to purchase energy 
                                efficient designs, equipment, 
                                or fixtures, or to reduce the 
                                energy consumption of the 
                                borrower by 10 percent or more; 
                                and
                          (iii) the term ``pilot program'' 
                        means the pilot program established 
                        under subparagraph (B)
                  (B) Establishment.--The Administrator shall 
                establish and carry out a pilot program under 
                which the Administrator shall reduce the fees 
                for covered energy efficiency loans.
                  (C) Duration.--The pilot program shall 
                terminate at the end of the second full fiscal 
                year after the date that the Administrator 
                establishes the pilot program.
                  (D) Maximum participation.--A covered energy 
                efficiency loan shall include the maximum 
                participation levels by the Administrator 
                permitted for loans made under this subsection.
                  (E) Fees.--
                          (i) In general.--The fee on a covered 
                        energy efficiency loan shall be equal 
                        to 50 percent of the fee otherwise 
                        applicable to that loan under paragraph 
                        (18).
                          (ii) Waiver.--The Administrator may 
                        waive clause (i) for a fiscal year if--
                                  (I) for the fiscal year 
                                before that fiscal year, the 
                                annual rate of default of 
                                covered energy efficiency loans 
                                exceeds that of loans made 
                                under this subsection that are 
                                not covered energy efficiency 
                                loans;
                                  (II) the cost to the 
                                Administration of making loans 
                                under this subsection is 
                                greater than zero and such cost 
                                is directly attributable to the 
                                cost of making covered energy 
                                efficiency loans; and
                                  (III) no additional sources 
                                of revenue authority are 
                                available to reduce the cost of 
                                making loans under this 
                                subsection to zero.
                          (iii) Effect of waiver.--If the 
                        Administrator waives the reduction of 
                        fees under clause (ii), the 
                        Administrator--
                                  (I) shall not assess or 
                                collect fees in an amount 
                                greater than necessary to 
                                ensure that the cost of the 
                                program under this subsection 
                                is not greater than zero; and
                                  (II) shall reinstate the fee 
                                reductions under clause (i) 
                                when the conditions in clause 
                                (ii) no longer apply.
                          (iv) No increase of fees.--The 
                        Administrator shall not increase the 
                        fees under paragraph (18) on loans made 
                        under this subsection that are not 
                        covered energy efficiency loans as a 
                        direct result of the pilot program.
                  (F) GAO report.--
                          (i) In general.--Not later than 1 
                        year after the date that the pilot 
                        program terminates, the Comptroller 
                        General of the United States shall 
                        submit to the Committee on Small 
                        Business of the House of 
                        Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Small Business and Entrepreneurship of 
                        the Senate a report on the pilot 
                        program.
                          (ii) Contents.--The report submitted 
                        under clause (i) shall include--
                                  (I) the number of covered 
                                energy efficiency loans for 
                                which fees were reduced under 
                                the pilot program;
                                  (II) a description of the 
                                energy efficiency savings with 
                                the pilot program;
                                  (III) a description of the 
                                impact of the pilot program on 
                                the program under this 
                                subsection;
                                  (IV) an evaluation of the 
                                efficacy and potential fraud 
                                and abuse of the pilot program; 
                                and
                                  (V) recommendations for 
                                improving the pilot program.
          (33) Increased veteran participation program.--
                  (A) Definitions.--In this paragraph--
                          (i) the term ``cost'' has the meaning 
                        given that term in section 502 of the 
                        Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 
                        U.S.C. 661a);
                          (ii) the term ``pilot program'' means 
                        the pilot program established under 
                        subparagraph (B); and
                          (iii) the term ``veteran 
                        participation loan'' means a loan made 
                        under this subsection to a small 
                        business concern owned and controlled 
                        by veterans of the Armed Forces or 
                        members of the reserve components of 
                        the Armed Forces.
                  (B) Establishment.--The Administrator shall 
                establish and carry out a pilot program under 
                which the Administrator shall reduce the fees 
                for veteran participation loans.
                  (C) Duration.--The pilot program shall 
                terminate at the end of the second full fiscal 
                year after the date that the Administrator 
                establishes the pilot program.
                  (D) Maximum participation.--A veteran 
                participation loan shall include the maximum 
                participation levels by the Administrator 
                permitted for loans made under this subsection.
                  (E) Fees.--
                          (i) In general.--The fee on a veteran 
                        participation loan shall be equal to 50 
                        percent of the fee otherwise applicable 
                        to that loan under paragraph (18).
                          (ii) Waiver.--The Administrator may 
                        waive clause (i) for a fiscal year if--
                                  (I) for the fiscal year 
                                before that fiscal year, the 
                                annual estimated rate of 
                                default of veteran 
                                participation loans exceeds 
                                that of loans made under this 
                                subsection that are not veteran 
                                participation loans;
                                  (II) the cost to the 
                                Administration of making loans 
                                under this subsection is 
                                greater than zero and such cost 
                                is directly attributable to the 
                                cost of making veteran 
                                participation loans; and
                                  (III) no additional sources 
                                of revenue authority are 
                                available to reduce the cost of 
                                making loans under this 
                                subsection to zero.
                          (iii) Effect of waiver.--If the 
                        Administrator waives the reduction of 
                        fees under clause (ii), the 
                        Administrator--
                                  (I) shall not assess or 
                                collect fees in an amount 
                                greater than necessary to 
                                ensure that the cost of the 
                                program under this subsection 
                                is not greater than zero; and
                                  (II) shall reinstate the fee 
                                reductions under clause (i) 
                                when the conditions in clause 
                                (ii) no longer apply.
                          (iv) No increase of fees.--The 
                        Administrator shall not increase the 
                        fees under paragraph (18) on loans made 
                        under this subsection that are not 
                        veteran participation loans as a direct 
                        result of the pilot program.
                  (F) GAO report.--
                          (i) In general.--Not later than 1 
                        year after the date that the pilot 
                        program terminates, the Comptroller 
                        General of the United States shall 
                        submit to the Committee on Small 
                        Business of the House of 
                        Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Small Business and Entrepreneurship of 
                        the Senate a report on the pilot 
                        program.
                          (ii) Contents.--The report submitted 
                        under clause (i) shall include--
                                  (I) the number of veteran 
                                participation loans for which 
                                fees were reduced under the 
                                pilot program;
                                  (II) a description of the 
                                impact of the pilot program on 
                                the program under this 
                                subsection;
                                  (III) an evaluation of the 
                                efficacy and potential fraud 
                                and abuse of the pilot program; 
                                and
                                  (IV) recommendations for 
                                improving the pilot program.
          (34) Export express program.--
                  (A) Definitions.--In this paragraph--
                          (i) the term ``export development 
                        activity'' includes--
                                  (I) obtaining a standby 
                                letter of credit when required 
                                as a bid bond, performance 
                                bond, or advance payment 
                                guarantee;
                                  (II) participation in a trade 
                                show that takes place outside 
                                the United States;
                                  (III) translation of product 
                                brochures or catalogues for use 
                                in markets outside the United 
                                States;
                                  (IV) obtaining a general line 
                                of credit for export purposes;
                                  (V) performing a service 
                                contract from buyers located 
                                outside the United States;
                                  (VI) obtaining transaction-
                                specific financing associated 
                                with completing export orders;
                                  (VII) purchasing real estate 
                                or equipment to be used in the 
                                production of goods or services 
                                for export;
                                  (VIII) providing term loans 
                                or other financing to enable a 
                                small business concern, 
                                including an export trading 
                                company and an export 
                                management company, to develop 
                                a market outside the United 
                                States; and
                                  (IX) acquiring, constructing, 
                                renovating, modernizing, 
                                improving, or expanding a 
                                production facility or 
                                equipment to be used in the 
                                United States in the production 
                                of goods or services for 
                                export; and
                          (ii) the term ``express loan'' means 
                        a loan in which a lender uses to the 
                        maximum extent practicable the loan 
                        analyses, procedures, and documentation 
                        of the lender to provide expedited 
                        processing of the loan application.
                  (B) Authority.--The Administrator may 
                guarantee the timely payment of an express loan 
                to a small business concern made for an export 
                development activity.
                  (C) Level of participation.--
                          (i) Maximum amount.--The maximum 
                        amount of an express loan guaranteed 
                        under this paragraph shall be $500,000.
                          (ii) Percentage.--For an express loan 
                        guaranteed under this paragraph, the 
                        Administrator shall guarantee--
                                  (I) 90 percent of a loan that 
                                is not more than $350,000; and
                                  (II) 75 percent of a loan 
                                that is more than $350,000 and 
                                not more than $500,000.
          (35) Loans to cooperatives.--
                  (A) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term 
                ``cooperative'' means an entity that is 
                determined to be a cooperative by the 
                Administrator, in accordance with applicable 
                Federal and State laws and regulation.
                  (B) Authority.--The Administration shall 
                guarantee loans made to a cooperative for the 
                purpose described in paragraph (15).
  (b) Except as to agricultural enterprises as defined in 
section 18(b)(1) of this Act, the Administration also is 
empowered to the extent and in such amounts as provided in 
advance in appropriation Acts--
          (1)(A) to make such loans (either directly or in 
        cooperation with banks or other lending institutions 
        through agreements to participate on an immediate or 
        deferred (guaranteed) basis) as the Administration may 
        determine to be necessary or appropriate to repair, 
        rehabilitate or replace property, real or personal, 
        damaged or destroyed by or as a result of natural or 
        other disasters: Provided, That such damage or 
        destruction is not compensated for by insurance or 
        otherwise: And provided further, That the 
        Administration may increase the amount of the loan by 
        up to an additional 20 per centum of the aggregate 
        costs of such damage or destruction (whether or not 
        compensated for by insurance or otherwise) if it 
        determines such increase to be necessary or appropriate 
        in order to protect the damaged or destroyed property 
        from possible future disasters by taking mitigating 
        measures, including--
                  (i) construction of retaining walls and sea 
                walls;
                  (ii) grading and contouring land; and
                  (iii) relocating utilities and modifying 
                structures, including construction of a safe 
                room or similar storm shelter designed to 
                protect property and occupants from tornadoes 
                or other natural disasters, if such safe room 
                or similar storm shelter is constructed in 
                accordance with applicable standards issued by 
                the Federal Emergency Management Agency;
          (B) to refinance any mortgage or other lien against a 
        totally destroyed or substantially damaged home or 
        business concern: Provided, That no loan or guarantee 
        shall be extended unless the Administration finds that 
        (i) the applicant is not able to obtain credit 
        elsewhere; (ii) such property is to be repaired, 
        rehabilitated, or replaced; (iii) the amount refinanced 
        shall not exceed the amount of physical loss sustained; 
        and (iv) such amount shall be reduced to the extent 
        such mortgage or lien is satisfied by insurance or 
        otherwise; and
          (C) during fiscal years 2000 through 2004, to 
        establish a predisaster mitigation program to make such 
        loans (either directly or in cooperation with banks or 
        other lending institutions through agreements to 
        participate on an immediate or deferred (guaranteed) 
        basis), as the Administrator may determine to be 
        necessary or appropriate, to enable small businesses to 
        use mitigation techniques in support of a formal 
        mitigation program established by the Federal Emergency 
        Management Agency, except that no loan or guarantee may 
        be extended to a small business under this subparagraph 
        unless the Administration finds that the small business 
        is otherwise unable to obtain credit for the purposes 
        described in this subparagraph;
          (2) to make such loans (either directly or in 
        cooperation with banks or other lending institutions 
        through agreements to participate on an immediate or 
        deferred (guaranteed) basis) as the Administration may 
        determine to be necessary or appropriate to any small 
        business concern, private nonprofit organization, or 
        small agricultural cooperative located in an area 
        affected by a disaster, (including drought), with 
        respect to both farm-related and nonfarm-related small 
        business concerns, if the Administration determines 
        that the concern, the organization, or the cooperative 
        has suffered a substantial economic injury as a result 
        of such disaster and if such disaster constitutes--
                  (A) a major disaster, as determined by the 
                President under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
                Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
                5121 et seq.); or
                  (B) a natural disaster, as determined by the 
                Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to section 
                321 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1961), in which case, 
                assistance under this paragraph may be provided 
                to farm-related and nonfarm-related small 
                business concerns, subject to the other 
                applicable requirements of this paragraph; or
                  (C) a disaster, as determined by the 
                Administrator of the Small Business 
                Administration; or
                  (D) if no disaster declaration has been 
                issued pursuant to subparagraph (A), (B), or 
                (C), the Governor of a State in which a 
                disaster has occurred may certify to the Small 
                Business Administration that small business 
                concerns, private nonprofit organizations, or 
                small agricultural cooperatives (1) have 
                suffered economic injury as a result of such 
                disaster, and (2) are in need of financial 
                assistance which is not available on reasonable 
                terms in the disaster stricken area. Not later 
                than 30 days after the date of receipt of such 
                certification by a Governor of a State, the 
                Administration shall respond in writing to that 
                Governor on its determination and the reasons 
                therefore, and may then make such loans as 
                would have been available under this paragraph 
                if a disaster declaration had been issued.
         Provided, That no loan or guarantee shall be extended 
        pursuant to this paragraph (2) unless the 
        Administration finds that the applicant is not able to 
        obtain credit elsewhere.
          (3)(A) In this paragraph--
                  (i) the term ``active service'' has the 
                meaning given that term in section 101(d)(3) of 
                title 10, United States Code;
                  [(i)] (ii) the term ``essential employee'' 
                means an individual who is employed by a small 
                business concern and whose managerial or 
                technical expertise is critical to the 
                successful day-to-day operations of that small 
                business concern; and
                  [(ii) the term ``period of military 
                conflict'' has the meaning given the term in 
                subsection (n)(1); and]
                  (iii) the term ``substantial economic 
                injury'' means an economic harm to a business 
                concern that results in the inability of the 
                business concern--
                          (I) to meet its obligations as they 
                        mature;
                          (II) to pay its ordinary and 
                        necessary operating expenses; or
                          (III) to market, produce, or provide 
                        a product or service ordinarily 
                        marketed, produced, or provided by the 
                        business concern.
          (B) The Administration may make such disaster loans 
        (either directly or in cooperation with banks or other 
        lending institutions through agreements to participate 
        on an immediate or deferred basis) to assist a small 
        business concern that has suffered or that is likely to 
        suffer substantial economic injury as the result of an 
        essential employee of such small business concern 
        [being ordered to active military duty during a period 
        of military conflict] being ordered to perform active 
        service for a period of more than 30 consecutive days.
          (C) A small business concern described in 
        subparagraph (B) shall be eligible to apply for 
        assistance under this paragraph during the period 
        beginning on the date on which the essential employee 
        is ordered to [active duty] active service and ending 
        on the date that is 1 year after the date on which such 
        essential employee is discharged or released from 
        [active duty] active service. The Administrator may, 
        when appropriate (as determined by the Administrator), 
        extend the ending date specified in the preceding 
        sentence by not more than 1 year.
          (D) Any loan or guarantee extended pursuant to this 
        paragraph shall be made at the same interest rate as 
        economic injury loans under paragraph (2).
          (E) No loan may be made under this paragraph, either 
        directly or in cooperation with banks or other lending 
        institutions through agreements to participate on an 
        immediate or deferred basis, if the total amount 
        outstanding and committed to the borrower under this 
        subsection would exceed $1,500,000, unless such 
        applicant constitutes, or have become due to changed 
        economic circumstances, a major source of employment in 
        its surrounding area, as determined by the 
        Administration, in which case the Administration, in 
        its discretion, may waive the $1,500,000 limitation.
          (F) For purposes of assistance under this paragraph, 
        no declaration of a disaster area shall be required.
                  (G)(i) Notwithstanding any other provision of 
                law, the Administrator may make a loan under 
                this paragraph of not more than $50,000 without 
                collateral.
                  (ii) The Administrator may defer payment of 
                principal and interest on a loan described in 
                clause (i) during the longer of--
                          (I) the 1-year period beginning on 
                        the date of the initial disbursement of 
                        the loan; and
                          (II) the period during which the 
                        relevant essential employee is on 
                        [active duty] active service.
                  (H) The Administrator shall give priority to 
                any application for a loan under this paragraph 
                and shall process and make a determination 
                regarding such applications prior to processing 
                or making a determination on other loan 
                applications under this subsection, on a 
                rolling basis.
          (4) Coordination with fema.--
                  (A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, for any disaster declared 
                under this subsection or major disaster 
                (including any major disaster relating to which 
                the Administrator declares eligibility for 
                additional disaster assistance under paragraph 
                (9)), the Administrator, in consultation with 
                the Administrator of the Federal Emergency 
                Management Agency, shall ensure, to the maximum 
                extent practicable, that all application 
                periods for disaster relief under this Act 
                correspond with application deadlines 
                established under the Robert T. Stafford 
                Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act 
                (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.), or as extended by the 
                President.
                  (B) Deadlines.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, not later than 10 days before 
                the closing date of an application period for a 
                major disaster (including any major disaster 
                relating to which the Administrator declares 
                eligibility for additional disaster assistance 
                under paragraph (9)), the Administrator, in 
                consultation with the Administrator of the 
                Federal Emergency Management Agency, shall 
                submit to the Committee on Small Business and 
                Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the 
                Committee on Small Business of the House of 
                Representatives a report that includes--
                          (i) the deadline for submitting 
                        applications for assistance under this 
                        Act relating to that major disaster;
                          (ii) information regarding the number 
                        of loan applications and disbursements 
                        processed by the Administrator relating 
                        to that major disaster for each day 
                        during the period beginning on the date 
                        on which that major disaster was 
                        declared and ending on the date of that 
                        report; and
                          (iii) an estimate of the number of 
                        potential applicants that have not 
                        submitted an application relating to 
                        that major disaster.
          (5) Public awareness of disasters.--If a disaster is 
        declared under this subsection or the Administrator 
        declares eligibility for additional disaster assistance 
        under paragraph (9), the Administrator shall make every 
        effort to communicate through radio, television, print, 
        and web-based outlets, all relevant information needed 
        by disaster loan applicants, including--
                  (A) the date of such declaration;
                  (B) cities and towns within the area of such 
                declaration;
                  (C) loan application deadlines related to 
                such disaster;
                  (D) all relevant contact information for 
                victim services available through the 
                Administration (including links to small 
                business development center websites);
                  (E) links to relevant Federal and State 
                disaster assistance websites, including links 
                to websites providing information regarding 
                assistance available from the Federal Emergency 
                Management Agency;
                  (F) information on eligibility criteria for 
                Administration loan programs, including where 
                such applications can be found; and
                  (G) application materials that clearly state 
                the function of the Administration as the 
                Federal source of disaster loans for homeowners 
                and renters.
          (6) Authority for qualified private contractors.--
                  (A) Disaster loan processing.--The 
                Administrator may enter into an agreement with 
                a qualified private contractor, as determined 
                by the Administrator, to process loans under 
                this subsection in the event of a major 
                disaster (including any major disaster relating 
                to which the Administrator declares eligibility 
                for additional disaster assistance under 
                paragraph (9)), under which the Administrator 
                shall pay the contractor a fee for each loan 
                processed.
                  (B) Loan loss verification services.--The 
                Administrator may enter into an agreement with 
                a qualified lender or loss verification 
                professional, as determined by the 
                Administrator, to verify losses for loans under 
                this subsection in the event of a major 
                disaster (including any major disaster relating 
                to which the Administrator declares eligibility 
                for additional disaster assistance under 
                paragraph (9)), under which the Administrator 
                shall pay the lender or verification 
                professional a fee for each loan for which such 
                lender or verification professional verifies 
                losses.
          (7) Disaster assistance employees.--
                  (A) In general.--In carrying out this 
                section, the Administrator may, where 
                practicable, ensure that the number of full-
                time equivalent employees--
                          (i) in the Office of the Disaster 
                        Assistance is not fewer than 800; and
                          (ii) in the Disaster Cadre of the 
                        Administration is not fewer than 1,000.
                  (B) Report.--In carrying out this subsection, 
                if the number of full-time employees for either 
                the Office of Disaster Assistance or the 
                Disaster Cadre of the Administration is below 
                the level described in subparagraph (A) for 
                that office, not later than 21 days after the 
                date on which that staffing level decreased 
                below the level described in subparagraph (A), 
                the Administrator shall submit to the Committee 
                on Appropriations and the Committee on Small 
                Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate and 
                the Committee on Appropriations and Committee 
                on Small Business of the House of 
                Representatives, a report--
                          (i) detailing staffing levels on that 
                        date;
                          (ii) requesting, if practicable and 
                        determined appropriate by the 
                        Administrator, additional funds for 
                        additional employees; and
                          (iii) containing such additional 
                        information, as determined appropriate 
                        by the Administrator.
          (8) Increased loan caps.--
                  (A) Aggregate loan amounts.--Except as 
                provided in subparagraph (B), and 
                notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
                aggregate loan amount outstanding and committed 
                to a borrower under this subsection may not 
                exceed $2,000,000.
                  (B) Waiver authority.--The Administrator may, 
                at the discretion of the Administrator, 
                increase the aggregate loan amount under 
                subparagraph (A) for loans relating to a 
                disaster to a level established by the 
                Administrator, based on appropriate economic 
                indicators for the region in which that 
                disaster occurred.
          (9) Declaration of eligibility for additional 
        disaster assistance.--
                  (A) In general.--If the President declares a 
                major disaster, the Administrator may declare 
                eligibility for additional disaster assistance 
                in accordance with this paragraph.
                  (B) Threshold.--A major disaster for which 
                the Administrator declares eligibility for 
                additional disaster assistance under this 
                paragraph shall--
                          (i) have resulted in extraordinary 
                        levels of casualties or damage or 
                        disruption severely affecting the 
                        population (including mass 
                        evacuations), infrastructure, 
                        environment, economy, national morale, 
                        or government functions in an area;
                          (ii) be comparable to the description 
                        of a catastrophic incident in the 
                        National Response Plan of the 
                        Administration, or any successor 
                        thereto, unless there is no successor 
                        to such plan, in which case this clause 
                        shall have no force or effect; and
                          (iii) be of such size and scope 
                        that--
                                  (I) the disaster assistance 
                                programs under the other 
                                paragraphs under this 
                                subsection are incapable of 
                                providing adequate and timely 
                                assistance to individuals or 
                                business concerns located 
                                within the disaster area; or
                                  (II) a significant number of 
                                business concerns outside the 
                                disaster area have suffered 
                                disaster-related substantial 
                                economic injury as a result of 
                                the incident.
                  (C) Additional economic injury disaster loan 
                assistance.--
                          (i) In general.--If the Administrator 
                        declares eligibility for additional 
                        disaster assistance under this 
                        paragraph, the Administrator may make 
                        such loans under this subparagraph 
                        (either directly or in cooperation with 
                        banks or other lending institutions 
                        through agreements to participate on an 
                        immediate or deferred basis) as the 
                        Administrator determines appropriate to 
                        eligible small business concerns 
                        located anywhere in the United States.
                          (ii) Processing time.--
                                  (I) In general.--If the 
                                Administrator determines that 
                                the average processing time for 
                                applications for disaster loans 
                                under this subparagraph 
                                relating to a specific major 
                                disaster is more than 15 days, 
                                the Administrator shall give 
                                priority to the processing of 
                                such applications submitted by 
                                eligible small business 
                                concerns located inside the 
                                disaster area, until the 
                                Administrator determines that 
                                the average processing time for 
                                such applications is not more 
                                than 15 days.
                                  (II) Suspension of 
                                applications from outside 
                                disaster area.--If the 
                                Administrator determines that 
                                the average processing time for 
                                applications for disaster loans 
                                under this subparagraph 
                                relating to a specific major 
                                disaster is more than 30 days, 
                                the Administrator shall suspend 
                                the processing of such 
                                applications submitted by 
                                eligible small business 
                                concerns located outside the 
                                disaster area, until the 
                                Administrator determines that 
                                the average processing time for 
                                such applications is not more 
                                than 15 days.
                          (iii) Loan terms.--A loan under this 
                        subparagraph shall be made on the same 
                        terms as a loan under paragraph (2).
                  (D) Definitions.--In this paragraph--
                          (i) the term ``disaster area'' means 
                        the area for which the applicable major 
                        disaster was declared;
                          (ii) the term ``disaster-related 
                        substantial economic injury'' means 
                        economic harm to a business concern 
                        that results in the inability of the 
                        business concern to--
                                  (I) meet its obligations as 
                                it matures;
                                  (II) meet its ordinary and 
                                necessary operating expenses; 
                                or
                                  (III) market, produce, or 
                                provide a product or service 
                                ordinarily marketed, produced, 
                                or provided by the business 
                                concern because the business 
                                concern relies on materials 
                                from the disaster area or sells 
                                or markets in the disaster 
                                area; and
                          (iii) the term ``eligible small 
                        business concern'' means a small 
                        business concern--
                                  (I) that has suffered 
                                disaster-related substantial 
                                economic injury as a result of 
                                the applicable major disaster; 
                                and
                                  (II)(aa) for which not less 
                                than 25 percent of the market 
                                share of that small business 
                                concern is from business 
                                transacted in the disaster 
                                area;
                                  (bb) for which not less than 
                                25 percent of an input into a 
                                production process of that 
                                small business concern is from 
                                the disaster area; or
                                  (cc) that relies on a 
                                provider located in the 
                                disaster area for a service 
                                that is not readily available 
                                elsewhere.
          (10) Reducing closing and disbursement delays.--The 
        Administrator shall provide a clear and concise 
        notification on all application materials for loans 
        made under this subsection and on relevant websites 
        notifying an applicant that the applicant may submit 
        all documentation necessary for the approval of the 
        loan at the time of application and that failure to 
        submit all documentation could delay the approval and 
        disbursement of the loan.
          (11) Increasing transparency in loan approvals.--The 
        Administrator shall establish and implement clear, 
        written policies and procedures for analyzing the 
        ability of a loan applicant to repay a loan made under 
        this subsection.
          (12) Additional awards to small business development 
        centers, women's business centers, and score for 
        disaster recovery.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administration may 
                provide financial assistance to a small 
                business development center, a women's business 
                center described in section 29, the Service 
                Corps of Retired Executives, or any proposed 
                consortium of such individuals or entities to 
                spur disaster recovery and growth of small 
                business concerns located in an area for which 
                the President has declared a major disaster.
                  (B) Form of financial assistance.--Financial 
                assistance provided under this paragraph shall 
                be in the form of a grant, contract, or 
                cooperative agreement.
                  (C) No matching funds required.--Matching 
                funds shall not be required for any grant, 
                contract, or cooperative agreement under this 
                paragraph.
                  (D) Requirements.--A recipient of financial 
                assistance under this paragraph shall provide 
                counseling, training, and other related 
                services, such as promoting long-term 
                resiliency, to small business concerns and 
                entrepreneurs impacted by a major disaster.
                  (E) Performance.--
                          (i) In general.--The Administrator, 
                        in cooperation with the recipients of 
                        financial assistance under this 
                        paragraph, shall establish metrics and 
                        goals for performance of grants, 
                        contracts, and cooperative agreements 
                        under this paragraph, which shall 
                        include recovery of sales, recovery of 
                        employment, reestablishment of business 
                        premises, and establishment of new 
                        small business concerns.
                          (ii) Use of estimates.--The 
                        Administrator shall base the goals and 
                        metrics for performance established 
                        under clause (i), in part, on the 
                        estimates of disaster impact prepared 
                        by the Office of Disaster Assistance 
                        for purposes of estimating loan-making 
                        requirements.
                  (F) Term.--
                          (i) In general.--The term of any 
                        grant, contract, or cooperative 
                        agreement under this paragraph shall be 
                        for not more than 2 years.
                          (ii) Extension.--The Administrator 
                        may make 1 extension of a grant, 
                        contract, or cooperative agreement 
                        under this paragraph for a period of 
                        not more than 1 year, upon a showing of 
                        good cause and need for the extension.
                  (G) Exemption from other program 
                requirements.--Financial assistance provided 
                under this paragraph is in addition to, and 
                wholly separate from, any other form of 
                assistance provided by the Administrator under 
                this Act.
                  (H) Competitive basis.--The Administration 
                shall award financial assistance under this 
                paragraph on a competitive basis.
          (13) Supplemental assistance for contractor 
        malfeasance.--
                  (A) In general.--If a contractor or other 
                person engages in malfeasance in connection 
                with repairs to, rehabilitation of, or 
                replacement of real or personal property 
                relating to which a loan was made under this 
                subsection and the malfeasance results in 
                substantial economic damage to the recipient of 
                the loan or substantial risks to health or 
                safety, upon receiving documentation of the 
                substantial economic damage or the substantial 
                risk to health and safety from an independent 
                loss verifier, and subject to subparagraph (B), 
                the Administrator may increase the amount of 
                the loan under this subsection, as necessary 
                for the cost of repairs, rehabilitation, or 
                replacement needed to address the cause of the 
                economic damage or health or safety risk.
                  (B) Requirements.--The Administrator may only 
                increase the amount of a loan under 
                subparagraph (A) upon receiving an appropriate 
                certification from the borrower and person 
                performing the mitigation attesting to the 
                reasonableness of the mitigation costs and an 
                assignment of any proceeds received from the 
                person engaging in the malfeasance. The 
                assignment of proceeds recovered from the 
                person engaging in the malfeasance shall be 
                equal to the amount of the loan under this 
                section. Any mitigation activities shall be 
                subject to audit and independent verification 
                of completeness and cost reasonableness.
          (14) Business recovery centers.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administrator, acting 
                through the district offices of the 
                Administration, shall identify locations that 
                may be used as recovery centers by the 
                Administration in the event of a disaster 
                declared under this subsection or a major 
                disaster.
                  (B) Requirements for identification.--Each 
                district office of the Administration shall--
                          (i) identify a location described in 
                        subparagraph (A) in each county, 
                        parish, or similar unit of general 
                        local government in the area served by 
                        the district office; and
                          (ii) ensure that the locations 
                        identified under subparagraph (A) may 
                        be used as a recovery center without 
                        cost to the Government, to the extent 
                        practicable.
          (15) Increased oversight of economic injury disaster 
        loans.--The Administrator shall increase oversight of 
        entities receiving loans under paragraph (2), and may 
        consider--
                  (A) scheduled site visits to ensure borrower 
                eligibility and compliance with requirements 
                established by the Administrator; and
                  (B) reviews of the use of the loan proceeds 
                by an entity described in paragraph (2) to 
                ensure compliance with requirements established 
                by the Administrator.
   No loan under this subsection, including renewals and 
extensions thereof, may be made for a period or periods 
exceeding thirty years: Provided, That the Administrator may 
consent to a suspension in the payment of principal and 
interest charges on, and to an extension in the maturity of, 
the Federal share of any loan under this subsection for a 
period not to exceed five years, if (A) the borrower under such 
loan is a homeowner or a small business concern, (B) the loan 
was made to enable (i) such homeowner to repair or replace his 
home, or (ii) such concern to repair or replace plant or 
equipment which was damaged or destroyed as the result of a 
disaster meeting the requirements of clause (A) or (B) of 
paragraph (2) of this subsection, and (C) the Administrator 
determines such action is necessary to avoid severe financial 
hardship: Provided further, That the provisions of paragraph 
(1) of subsection (d) of this section shall not be applicable 
to any such loan having a maturity in excess of twenty years. 
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and except as 
provided in subsection (d), the interest rate on the 
Administration's share of any loan made under subsection (b), 
shall not exceed the average annual interest rate on all 
interest-bearing obligations of the United States then forming 
a part of the public debt as computed at the end of the fiscal 
year next preceding the date of the loan and adjusted to the 
nearest one-eight of 1 per centum plus one-quarter of 1 per 
centum: Provided, however, That the interest rate for loans 
made under paragraphs (1) and (2) hereof shall not exceed the 
rate of interest which is in effect at the time of the 
occurrence of the disaster. In agreements to participate in 
loans on a deferred basis under this subsection, such 
participation by the Administration shall not be in excess of 
90 per centum of the balance of the loan outstanding at the 
time of disbursement. Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the interest rate on the Administration's share of any 
loan made pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection to 
repair or replace a primary residence and/or replace or repair 
damaged or destroyed personal property, less the amount of 
compensation by insurance or otherwise, with respect to a 
disaster occurring on or after July 1, 1976, and prior to 
October 1, 1978, shall be: 1 per centum on the amount of such 
loan not exceeding $10,000, and 3 per centum on the amount of 
such loan over $10,000 but not exceeding $40,000. The interest 
rate on the Administration's share of the first $250,000 of all 
other loans made pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection, 
with respect to a disaster occurring on or after July 1, 1976, 
and prior to October 1, 1978, shall be 3 per centum. All 
repayments of principal on the Administration's share of any 
loan made under the above provisions shall first be applied to 
reduce the principal sum of such loan which bears interest at 
the lower rates provided in this paragraph. The principal 
amount of any loan made pursuant to paragraph (1) in connection 
with a disaster which occurs on or after April 1, 1977, but 
prior to January 1, 1978, may be increased by such amount, but 
not more than $2,000, as the Administration determines to be 
reasonable in light of the amount and nature of loss, damage, 
or injury sustained in order to finance the installation of 
insulation in the property which was lost, damaged, or injured, 
if the uninsured, damaged portion of the property is 10 per 
centum or more of the market value of the property at the time 
of the disaster. No later than June 1, 1978, the Administration 
shall prepare and transmit to the Select Committee on Small 
Business of the Senate, the Committee on Small Business of the 
House of Representatives, and the Committee of the Senate and 
House of Representatives having jurisdiction over measures 
relating to energy conservation, a report on its activities 
under this paragraph, including therein an evaluation of the 
effect of such activities on encouraging the installation of 
insulation in property which is repaired or replaced after a 
disaster which is subject to this paragraph, and its 
recommendations with respect to the continuation, modification, 
or termination of such activities.
   In the administration of the disaster loan program under 
paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection, in the case of 
property loss or damage or injury resulting from a major 
disaster as determined by the President or a disaster as 
determined by the Administrator which occurs on or after 
January 1, 1971, and prior to July 1, 1973, the Small Business 
Administration, to the extent such loss or damage or injury is 
not compensated for by insurance or otherwise--
          (A) may make any loan for repair, rehabilitation, or 
        replacement of property damaged or destroyed without 
        regard to whether the required financial assistance is 
        otherwise available from private sources;
          (B) may, in the case of the total destruction or 
        substantial property damage of a home or business 
        concern, refinance any mortgage or other liens 
        outstanding against the destroyed or damaged property 
        if such project is to be repaired, rehabilitated, or 
        replaced, except that (1) in the case of a business 
        concern, the amount refinanced shall not exceed the 
        amount of the physical loss sustained, and (2) in the 
        case of a home, the amount of each monthly payment of 
        principal and interest on the loan after refinancing 
        under this clause shall be not less than the amount of 
        each such payment made prior to such refinancing;
          (C) may, in the case of a loan made under clause (A) 
        or a mortgage or other lien refinanced under clause (B) 
        in connection with the destruction of, or substantial 
        damage to, property owned and used as a residence by an 
        individual who by reason of retirement, disability, or 
        other similar circumstances relies for support on 
        survivor, disability, or retirement benefits under a 
        pension, insurance, or other program, consent to the 
        suspension of the payments of the principal of that 
        loan, mortgage, or lien during the lifetime of that 
        individual and his souse for so long as the 
        Administration determines that making such payments 
        would constitute a substantial hardship;
          (D) shall, notwithstanding the provisions of any 
        other law and upon presentation by the applicant of 
        proof of loss or damage or injury and a bona fide 
        estimate of cost of repair, rehabilitation, or 
        replacement, cancel the principal of any loan made to 
        cover a loss or damage or injury resulting from such 
        disaster, except that--
                  (i) with respect to a loan made in connection 
                with a disaster occurring on or after January 
                1, 1971 but prior to January 1, 1972, the total 
                amount so canceled shall not exceed $2,500, and 
                the interest on the balance of the loan shall 
                be at a rate of 3 per centum per annum; and
                  (ii) with respect to a loan made in 
                connection with a disaster occurring on or 
                after January 1, 1972 but prior to July 1, 
                1973, the total amount so canceled shall not 
                exceed $5,000, and the interest on the balance 
                of the loan shall be at a rate of 1 per centum 
                per annum.
  With respect to any loan referred to in clause (D) which is 
outstanding on the date of enactment of this paragraph, the 
Administrator shall--
          (i) make sure change in the interest rate on the 
        balance of such loan as is required under that clause 
        effective as of such date of enactment; and
          (ii) in applying the limitation set forth in that 
        clause with respect to the total amount of such loan 
        which may be canceled, consider as part of the amount 
        so canceled any part of such loan which was previously 
        canceled pursuant to section 231 of the Disaster Relief 
        Act of 1970.
  Whoever wrongfully misapplies the proceeds of a loan obtained 
under this subsection shall be civilly liable to the 
Administrator in an amount equal to one-and-one-half times the 
original principal amount of the loan.
          (E) A State grant made on or prior to July 1, 1979, 
        shall not be considered compensation for the purpose of 
        applying the provisions of section 312(a) of the 
        Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act to a 
        disaster loan under paragraph (1) (2)of this 
        subsection.
  (c) Private Disaster Loans.--
          (1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                  (A) the term ``disaster area'' means any area 
                for which the President declared a major 
                disaster relating to which the Administrator 
                declares eligibility for additional disaster 
                assistance under subsection (b)(9), during the 
                period of that major disaster declaration;
                  (B) the term ``eligible individual'' means an 
                individual who is eligible for disaster 
                assistance under subsection (b)(1) relating to 
                a major disaster relating to which the 
                Administrator declares eligibility for 
                additional disaster assistance under subsection 
                (b)(9);
                  (C) the term ``eligible small business 
                concern'' means a business concern that is--
                          (i) a small business concern, as 
                        defined under this Act; or
                          (ii) a small business concern, as 
                        defined in section 103 of the Small 
                        Business Investment Act of 1958;
                  (D) the term ``preferred lender'' means a 
                lender participating in the Preferred Lender 
                Program;
                  (E) the term ``Preferred Lender Program'' has 
                the meaning given that term in subsection 
                (a)(2)(C)(ii); and
                  (F) the term ``qualified private lender'' 
                means any privately-owned bank or other lending 
                institution that--
                          (i) is not a preferred lender; and
                          (ii) the Administrator determines 
                        meets the criteria established under 
                        paragraph (10).
          (2) Program required.--The Administrator shall carry 
        out a program, to be known as the Private Disaster 
        Assistance program, under which the Administration may 
        guarantee timely payment of principal and interest, as 
        scheduled, on any loan made to an eligible small 
        business concern located in a disaster area and to an 
        eligible individual.
          (3) Use of loans.--A loan guaranteed by the 
        Administrator under this subsection may be used for any 
        purpose authorized under subsection (b).
          (4) Online applications.--
                  (A) Establishment.--The Administrator may 
                establish, directly or through an agreement 
                with another entity, an online application 
                process for loans guaranteed under this 
                subsection.
                  (B) Other federal assistance.--The 
                Administrator may coordinate with the head of 
                any other appropriate Federal agency so that 
                any application submitted through an online 
                application process established under this 
                paragraph may be considered for any other 
                Federal assistance program for disaster relief.
                  (C) Consultation.--In establishing an online 
                application process under this paragraph, the 
                Administrator shall consult with appropriate 
                persons from the public and private sectors, 
                including private lenders.
          (5) Maximum amounts.--
                  (A) Guarantee percentage.--The Administrator 
                may guarantee not more than 85 percent of a 
                loan under this subsection.
                  (B) Loan amount.--The maximum amount of a 
                loan guaranteed under this subsection shall be 
                $2,000,000.
          (6) Terms and conditions.--A loan guaranteed under 
        this subsection shall be made under the same terms and 
        conditions as a loan under subsection (b).
          (7) Lenders.--
                  (A) In general.--A loan guaranteed under this 
                subsection made to--
                          (i) a qualified individual may be 
                        made by a preferred lender; and
                          (ii) a qualified small business 
                        concern may be made by a qualified 
                        private lender or by a preferred lender 
                        that also makes loans to qualified 
                        individuals.
                  (B) Compliance.--If the Administrator 
                determines that a preferred lender knowingly 
                failed to comply with the underwriting 
                standards for loans guaranteed under this 
                subsection or violated the terms of the 
                standard operating procedure agreement between 
                that preferred lender and the Administration, 
                the Administrator shall do 1 or more of the 
                following:
                          (i) Exclude the preferred lender from 
                        participating in the program under this 
                        subsection.
                          (ii) Exclude the preferred lender 
                        from participating in the Preferred 
                        Lender Program for a period of not more 
                        than 5 years.
          (8) Fees.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administrator may not 
                collect a guarantee fee under this subsection.
                  (B) Origination fee.--The Administrator may 
                pay a qualified private lender or preferred 
                lender an origination fee for a loan guaranteed 
                under this subsection in an amount agreed upon 
                in advance between the qualified private lender 
                or preferred lender and the Administrator.
          (9) Documentation.--A qualified private lender or 
        preferred lender may use its own loan documentation for 
        a loan guaranteed by the Administrator under this 
        subsection, to the extent authorized by the 
        Administrator. The ability of a lender to use its own 
        loan documentation for a loan guaranteed under this 
        subsection shall not be considered part of the criteria 
        for becoming a qualified private lender under the 
        regulations promulgated under paragraph (10).
          (10) Implementation regulations.--
                  (A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after 
                the date of enactment of the Small Business 
                Disaster Response and Loan Improvements Act of 
                2008, the Administrator shall issue final 
                regulations establishing permanent criteria for 
                qualified private lenders.
                  (B) Report to congress.--Not later than 6 
                months after the date of enactment of the Small 
                Business Disaster Response and Loan 
                Improvements Act of 2008, the Administrator 
                shall submit a report on the progress of the 
                regulations required by subparagraph (A) to the 
                Committee on Small Business and 
                Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the 
                Committee on Small Business of the House of 
                Representatives.
          (11) Authorization of appropriations.--
                  (A) In general.--Amounts necessary to carry 
                out this subsection shall be made available 
                from amounts appropriated to the Administration 
                to carry out subsection (b).
                  (B) Authority to reduce interest rates and 
                other terms and conditions.--Funds appropriated 
                to the Administration to carry out this 
                subsection, may be used by the Administrator to 
                meet the loan terms and conditions specified in 
                paragraph (6).
          (12) Purchase of loans.--The Administrator may enter 
        into an agreement with a qualified private lender or 
        preferred lender to purchase any loan guaranteed under 
        this subsection.
  (d)(1) The Administration may further extend the maturity of 
or renew any loan made pursuant to this section, or any loan 
transferred to the Administration pursuant to Reorganization 
Plan Numbered 2 of 1954, or Reorganization Plan Numbered 1 of 
1957, for additional periods not to exceed ten years beyond the 
period stated therein, if such extension or renewal will aid in 
the orderly liquidation of such loan.
          (2) During any period in which principal and interest 
        charges are suspended on the Federal share of any loan, 
        as provided in subsection (b), the Administrator shall, 
        upon the request of any person, firm, or corporation 
        having a participation in such loan, purchase such 
        participation, or assume the obligation of the 
        borrower, for the balance of such period, to make 
        principal and interest payments on the non-Federal 
        share of such loan: Provided, That no such payments 
        shall be made by the Administrator in behalf of any 
        borrower unless (i) the Administrator determines that 
        such action is necessary in order to avoid a default, 
        and (ii) the borrower agrees to make payments to the 
        Administration in an agreegate amount equal to the 
        amount paid in its behalf by the Administrator, in such 
        manner and at such time (during or after the term of 
        the loan) as the Administrator shall determine having 
        due regard to the purposes sought to be achieved by 
        this paragraph.
          (3) With respect to a disaster occurring on or after 
        October 1, 1978, and prior the effective date of this 
        Act, on the Administration's share of loans made 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) of subsection (b)--
                          (A) if the loan proceeds are to 
                        repair or replace a primary residence 
                        and/or repair or replace damaged or 
                        destroyed personal property, the 
                        interest rate shall be 3 percent on the 
                        first $55,000 of such loan;
                          (B) if the loan proceeds are to 
                        repair or replace property damaged or 
                        destroyed and if the applicant is a 
                        business concern which is unable to 
                        obtain sufficient credit elsewhere, the 
                        interest rate shall be as determined by 
                        the Administration, but not in excess 
                        of 5 percent per annum; and
                  (C) if the loan proceeds are to repair or 
                replace property damaged or destroyed and if 
                the applicant is a business concern which is 
                able to obtain sufficient credit elsewhere, the 
                interest rate shall not exceed the current 
                average market yield on outstanding marketable 
                obligations of the United States with remaining 
                periods to maturity comparable to the average 
                maturities of such loans and adjusted to the 
                nearest one-eight of 1 percent, and an 
                additional amount as determined by the 
                Administration, but not to exceed 1 percent: 
                Provided, That three years after such loan is 
                fully disbursed and every two years thereafter 
                for the term of the loan, if the Administration 
                determines that the borrower is able to obtain 
                a loan from one-Federal sources at reasonable 
                rates and terms for loans of similar purposes 
                and periods of time, the borrower shall, upon 
                request by the Administration, apply for and 
                accept such a loan in sufficient amount to 
                repay the Administration: Provided further, 
                That no loan under subsection (b)(1) shall be 
                made, either directly or in cooperation with 
                banks or other lending institutions through 
                agreements to participate on an immediate or 
                deferred basis, if the total amount outstanding 
                and committed to the borrower under such 
                subsection would exceed $500,000 for each 
                disaster, unless an applicant constitutes a 
                major source of employment in an area suffering 
                a disaster, in which case the Administration, 
                in its discretion, may waive the $500,000 
                limitation.
          (4) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, 
        the interest rate on the Federal share of any loan made 
        under subsection (b) shall be--
                  (A) in the case of a homeowner unable to 
                secure credit elsewhere, the rate prescribed by 
                the Administration but not more than one-half 
                the rate determined by the Secretary of the 
                Treasury taking into consideration the current 
                average market yield on outstanding marketable 
                obligations of the United States with remaining 
                periods to maturity comparable to the average 
                maturities of such loans plus an additional 
                charge of not to exceed 1 per centum per annum 
                as determined by the Administrator, and 
                adjusted to the nearest one-eight of 1 per 
                centum but not to exceed 8 per centum per 
                annum;
                  (B) in the case of a homeowner able to secure 
                credit elsewhere, the rate prescribed by the 
                Administration but not more than the rate 
                determined by the Secretary of the Treasury 
                taking into consideration the current average 
                market yield on outstanding marketable 
                obligations of the United States with remaining 
                periods to maturity comparable to the average 
                maturities of such loans plus an additional 
                charge of not to exceed 1 per centum per annum 
                as determined by the Administrator, and 
                adjusted to the nearest one-eighth of 1 per 
                centum;
                  (C) in the case of a business concern unable 
                to obtain credit elsewhere, not to exceed 8 per 
                centum per annum;
                  (D) in the case of a business concern able to 
                obtain credit elsewhere, the rate prescribed by 
                the Administration but not in excess of the 
                rate prevailing in private market for similar 
                loans and not more than the rate prescribed by 
                the Administration as the maximum interest rate 
                for deferred participation (guaranteed) loans 
                under section 7(a) of this Act. Loans under 
                this subparagraph shall be limited to a maximum 
                term of three years.
          (5) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, 
        the interest rate on the Federal share of any loan made 
        under subsection (b)(1) and (b)(2) on account of a 
        disaster commencing on or after October 1, 1982, shall 
        be--
                  (A) in the case of a homeowner unable to 
                secure credit elsewhere, the rate prescribed by 
                the Administration but not more than one-half 
                the rate determined by the Secretary of the 
                Treasury taking into consideration the current 
                average market yield on outstanding marketable 
                obligations of the United States with remaining 
                periods to maturity comparable to the average 
                maturities of such loan plus an additional 
                charge of not to exceed 1 per centum per annum 
                as determined by the Administrator, and 
                adjusted to the nearest one-eighth of 1 per 
                centum, but not to exceed 4 per centum per 
                annum;
                  (B) in the case of a homeowner, able to 
                secure credit elsewhere, the rate prescribed by 
                the Administration but not more than the rate 
                determined by the Secretary of the Treasury 
                taking into consideration the current average 
                market yield on outstanding marketable 
                obligations of the United States with remaining 
                periods to maturity comparable to the average 
                maturities of such loans plus an additional 
                charge of not to exceed 1 per centum per annum 
                as determined by the Administrator, and 
                adjusted to the nearest one-eighth of 1 per 
                centum, but not to exceed 8 per centum per 
                annum;
                  (C) in the case of a business, private 
                nonprofit organization, or other concern, 
                including agricultural cooperatives, unable to 
                obtain credit elsewhere, not to exceed 4 per 
                centum per annum;
                  (D) in the case of a business concern able to 
                obtain credit elsewhere, the rate prescribed by 
                the Administration but not in excess of the 
                lowest of (i) the rate prevailing in the 
                private market for similar loans, (ii) the rate 
                prescribed by the Administration as the maximum 
                interest rate for deferred participation 
                (guaranteed) loans under section 7(a) of this 
                Act, or (iii) 8 per centum per annum. Loans 
                under this subparagraph shall be limited to a 
                maximum term of 7 years.
          (6) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, 
        such loans, subject to the reductions required by 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph 7(b)(1), shall 
        be in amounts equal to 100 per centum of loss. The 
        interest rate for loans made under paragraphs 7(b)(1) 
        and (2), as determined pursuant to paragraph (5), shall 
        be the rate of interest which is in effect on the date 
        of the disaster commenced: Provided, That no loan under 
        paragraphs 7(b) (1) and (2) shall be made, either 
        directly or in cooperation with banks or other lending 
        institutions through agreements to participate on an 
        immediate or deferred (guaranteed) basis, if the total 
        amount outstanding and committed to the borrower under 
        subsection 7(b) would exceed $500,000 for each disaster 
        unless an applicant constitutes a major source of 
        employment in an area suffering a disaster, in which 
        case the Administration, in its discretion, may waive 
        the $500,000 limitation: Provided further, That the 
        Administration, subject to the reductions required by 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph 7(b)(1), shall 
        not reduce the amount of eligibility for any homeowner 
        on account of loss of real estate to less than $100,000 
        for each disaster nor for any homeowner or lessee on 
        account of loss of personal property to less than 
        $20,000 for each disaster, such sums being in addition 
        to any eligible refinancing: Provided further, That the 
        Administration shall not require collateral for loans 
        of $25,000 or less (or such higher amount as the 
        Administrator determines appropriate in the event of a 
        disaster) which are made under paragraph (1) of 
        subsection (b): Provided further, That the 
        Administrator, in obtaining the best available 
        collateral for a loan of not more than $200,000 under 
        paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (b) relating to 
        damage to or destruction of the property of, or 
        economic injury to, a small business concern, shall not 
        require the owner of the small business concern to use 
        the primary residence of the owner as collateral if the 
        Administrator determines that the owner has other 
        assets of equal quality and with a value equal to or 
        greater than the amount of the loan that could be used 
        as collateral for the loan: Provided further, That 
        nothing in the preceding proviso may be construed to 
        reduce the amount of collateral required by the 
        Administrator in connection with a loan described in 
        the preceding proviso or to modify the standards used 
        to evaluate the quality (rather than the type) of such 
        collateral. Employees of concerns sharing a common 
        business premises shall be aggregated in determining 
        ``major source of employment'' status for nonprofit 
        applicants owning such premises.
With respect to any loan which is outstanding on the date of 
enactment of this paragraph and which was made on account of a 
disaster commencing on or after October 1, 1982, the 
Administrator shall made such change in the interest rate on 
the balance of such loan as is required herein effective as of 
the date of enactment.
  (7) The Administration shall not withhold disaster assistance 
pursuant to this paragraph to nurseries who are victims of 
drought disasters. As used in section 7(b)(2) the term ``an 
area affected by a disaster'' includes any county, or county 
contiguous thereto, determined to be a disaster by the 
President, the Secretary of Agriculture or the Administrator of 
the Small Business Administration.
          (8) Disaster loans for superstorm sandy.--
                  (A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, and subject to the same 
                requirements and procedures that are used to 
                make loans pursuant to subsection (b), a small 
                business concern, homeowner, nonprofit entity, 
                or renter that was located within an area and 
                during the time period with respect to which a 
                major disaster was declared by the President 
                under section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford 
                Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act 
                (42 U.S.C. 5170) by reason of Superstorm Sandy 
                may apply to the Administrator--
                          (i) for a loan to repair, 
                        rehabilitate, or replace property 
                        damaged or destroyed by reason of 
                        Superstorm Sandy; or
                          (ii) if such a small business concern 
                        has suffered substantial economic 
                        injury by reason of Superstorm Sandy, 
                        for a loan to assist such a small 
                        business concern.
                  (B) Timing.--The Administrator shall select 
                loan recipients and make available loans for a 
                period of not less than 1 year after the date 
                on which the Administrator carries out this 
                authority.
                  (C) Inspector general review.--Not later than 
                6 months after the date on which the 
                Administrator begins carrying out this 
                authority, the Inspector General of the 
                Administration shall initiate a review of the 
                controls for ensuring applicant eligibility for 
                loans made under this paragraph.
  (e) The Administration shall not fund any Small Business 
Development Center or any variation thereof, except as 
authorized in section 21 of this Act.
  (f) Additional Requirements for 7(b) Loans.--
          (1) Increased deferment authorized.--
                  (A) In general.--In making loans under 
                subsection (b), the Administrator may provide, 
                to the person receiving the loan, an option to 
                defer repayment on the loan.
                  (B) Period.--The period of a deferment under 
                subparagraph (A) may not exceed 4 years.
  (g) Net Earnings Clauses Prohibited for 7(b) Loans.--In 
making loans under subsection (b), the Administrator shall not 
require the borrower to pay any non-amortized amount for the 
first five years after repayment begins.
  (e) [RESERVED].
  (f) [RESERVED].
  (h)(1) The Administration also is empowered, where other 
financial assistance is not available on reasonable terms, to 
make such loans (either directly or in cooperation with Banks 
or other lending institutions through agreements to participate 
on an immediate or deferred basis) as the Administration may 
determine to be necessary or appropriate--
          (A) to assist any public or private organization--
                  (i) which is organized under the laws of the 
                United States or of any State, operated in the 
                interest of handicapped individuals, the net 
                income of which does not inure in whole or in 
                part to the benefit of any shareholder or other 
                individual;
                  (ii) which complies with any applicable 
                occupational health and safety standard 
                prescribed by the Secretary of Labor; and
                  (iii) which, in the production of commodities 
                and in the provision of services during any 
                fiscal year in which it receives financial 
                assistance under this subsection, employs 
                handicapped individuals for not less than 75 
                per centum of the man-hours required for the 
                production or provision of the commodities or 
                services; or
          (B) to assist any handicapped individual in 
        establishing, acquiring, or operating a small business 
        concern.
  (2) The Administration's share of any loan made under this 
subsection shall not exceed $350,000, nor may any such loan be 
made if the total amount outstanding and committed (by 
participation or otherwise) to the borrower from the business 
loan and investment fund established by section 4(c)(1)(B) of 
this Act would exceed $350,000. In agreements to participate in 
loans on a deferred basis under this subsection, the 
Administration's participation may total 100 per centum of the 
balance of the loan at the time of disbursement. The 
Administration's share of any loan made under this subsection 
shall bear interest at the rate of 3 per centum per annum. The 
maximum term of any such loan, including extensions and 
renewals thereof, may not exceed fifteen years. All loans made 
under this subsection shall be of such sound value or so 
secured as reasonably to assure repayment: Provided, however, 
That any reasonable doubt shall be resolved in favor of the 
applicant.
  (3) For purposes of this subsection, the term ``handicapped 
individual'' means a person who has a physical, mental, or 
emotional impairment, defect, ailment, disease, or disability 
of a permanent nature which in any way limits the selection of 
any type of employment for which the person would otherwise be 
qualified or qualifiable.
  (i)(1) The Administration also is empowered to make, 
participate (on an immediate basis) in, or guarantee loans, 
repayable in not more than fifteen years, to any small business 
concern, or to any qualified person seeking to establish such a 
concern, when it determines that such loans will further the 
policies established in section 2(b) of this Act, with 
particular emphasis on the preservation or establishment of 
small business concerns located in urban or rural areas with 
high proportions of unemployed or low-income individuals, or 
owned by low-income individuals: Provided, however, That no 
such loans shall be made, participated in, or guaranteed if the 
total of such Federal assistance to a single borrower 
outstanding at any one time would exceed $100,000. The 
Administration may defer payments on the principal of such 
loans for a grace period and use such other methods as it deems 
necessary and appropriate to assure the successful 
establishment and operation of such concern. The Administration 
may, in its discretion, as a condition of such financial 
assistance, require that the borrower take steps to improve his 
management skills by participating in a management training 
program approved by the Administration: Provided, however, That 
any management training program so approved must be of 
sufficient scope and duration to provide reasonable opportunity 
for the individuals served to develop entrepreneurial and 
managerial self-sufficiency.
  (2) The Administration shall encourage, as far as possible, 
the participation of the private business community in the 
program of assistance to such concerns, and shall seek to 
stimulate new private lending activities to such concerns 
through the use of the loan guarantees, participations in 
loans, and pooling arrangements authorized by this subsection.
  (3) To insure an equitable distribution between urban and 
rural areas for loans between $3,500 and $100,000 made under 
this subsection, the Administration is authorized to use the 
agencies and agreements and delegations developed under title 
III of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, as amended, as it 
shall determine necessary.
  (4) The Administration shall provide for the continuing 
evaluation of programs under this subsection, including full 
information on the location, income characteristics, and types 
of businesses and individuals assisted, and on new private 
lending activity stimulated, and the results of such evaluation 
together with recommendations shall be included in the report 
required by section 10(a) of this Act.
  (5) Loans made pursuant to this subsection (including 
immediate participation in and guarantees of such loans) shall 
have such terms and conditions as the Administration shall 
determine, subject to the following limitations--
          (A) there is reasonable assurance of repayment of the 
        loan;
          (B) the financial assistance is not otherwise 
        available on reasonable terms from private sources or 
        other Federal, State, or local programs;
          (C) the amount of the loan, together with other funds 
        available, is adequate to assure completion of the 
        project or achievement of the purposes for which the 
        loan is made;
          (D) the loan bears interest at a rate not less than 
        (i) a rate determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, 
        taking into consideration the average market yield on 
        outstanding Treasury obligations of comparable 
        maturity, plus (ii) such additional charge, if any, 
        toward covering other costs of the program as the 
        Administration may determine to be consistent with its 
        purposes: Provided, however, That the rate of interest 
        charged on loans made in redevelopment areas designated 
        under the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 
        1965 (42 U.S.C. 3108 et seq.) shall not exceed the rate 
        currently applicable to new loans made under section 
        201 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 3142); and
          (E) fees not in excess of amounts necessary to cover 
        administrative expenses and probable losses may be 
        required on loan guarantees.
  (6) The Administration shall take such steps as may be 
necessary to insure that, in any fiscal year, at least 50 per 
centum of the amounts loaned or guaranteed pursuant to this 
subsection are allotted to small business concerns located in 
urban areas identified by the Administration as having high 
concentrations of unemployed or low-income individuals or to 
small business concerns owned by low-income individuals. The 
Administration shall define the meaning of low income as it 
applies to owners of small business concerns eligible to be 
assisted under this subsection.
  (7) No financial assistance shall be extended pursuant to 
this subsection when the Administration determines that the 
assistance will be used in relocating establishments from one 
area to another if such relocation would result in an increase 
in unemployment in the area of original location.
  (j)(1) the Administration shall provide financial assistance 
to public or private organizations to pay all or part of the 
cost of projects designated to provide technical or management 
assistance to individuals or enterprises eligible for 
assistance under sections 7(i), 7(j)(10), and 8(a) of this Act, 
with special attention to small businesses located in areas of 
high concentration of unemployed or low-income individuals, to 
small businesses eligible to receive contracts pursuant to 
section 8(a) of this Act.
  (2) Financial assistance under this subsection may be 
provided for projects, including, but not limited to--
          (A) planning and research, including feasibility 
        studies and market research;
          (B) the identification and development of new 
        business opportunities;
          (C) the furnishing of centralized services with 
        regard to public services and Federal Government 
        programs including programs authorized under sections 
        7(i), (7)(j)(10), and 8(a) of this Act;
          (D) the establishment and strengthening of business 
        service agencies, including trade associations and 
        cooperative; and
          (E) the furnishing of business counseling, management 
        training, and legal and other related services, with 
        special emphasis on the development of management 
        training programs using the resources of the business 
        community, including the development of management 
        training opportunities in existing business, and with 
        emphasis in all cases upon providing management 
        training of sufficient scope and duration to develop 
        entrepreneurial and managerial self-sufficiency on the 
        part of the individuals served.
  (3) The Administration shall encourage the placement of 
subcontracts by businesses with small business concerns located 
in area of high concentration of unemployed or low-income 
individuals, with small businesses owned by low-income 
individuals, and with small businesses eligible to receive 
contracts pursuant to section 8(a) of this Act. The 
Administration may provide incentives and assistance to such 
businesses that will aid in the training and upgrading of 
potential subcontractors or other small business concerns 
eligible for assistance under section 7(i), 7(j), and 8(a), of 
this Act.
  (4) The Administration shall give preference to projects 
which promote the ownership, participation in ownership, or 
management of small businesses owned by low-income individuals 
and small businesses eligible to receive contracts pursuant to 
section 8(a) of this Act.
  (5) The financial assistance authorized for projects under 
this subsection includes assistance advanced by grant, 
agreement, or contract.
  (6) The Administration is authorized to make payments under 
grants and contracts entered into under this subsection in lump 
sum or installments, and in advance or by way of reimbursement, 
and in the case of grants, with necessary adjustments on 
account of overpayments or underpayments.
  (7) To the extent feasible, services under this subsection 
shall be provided in a location which is easily accessible to 
the individuals and small business concerns served.
  (9) The Administration shall take such steps as may be 
necessary and appropriate, in coordination and cooperation with 
the heads of other Federal departments and agencies, to insure 
that contracts, subcontracts, and deposits made by the Federal 
Government or with programs aided with Federal funds are placed 
in such way as to further the purposes of sections 7(i), 7(j), 
and 8(a) of this Act.
  (10) There is established with the Administration a small 
business and capital ownership development program (hereinafter 
referred to as the ``Program'') which shall provide assistance 
exclusively for small business concerns eligible to receive 
contracts pursuant to section 8(a) of this Act. The program, 
and all other services and activities authorized under section 
7(j) and 8(a) of this Act, shall be managed by the Associate 
Administrator for Minority Small Business and Capital Ownership 
Development under the supervision of, and responsible to, the 
Administrator.
          (A) The Program shall--
                  (i) assist small business concerns 
                participating in the Program (either through 
                public or private organizations) to develop and 
                maintain comprehensive business plans which set 
                forth the Program Participant's specific 
                business targets, objectives, and goals 
                developed and maintained in conformity with 
                subparagraph (D).
                  (ii) provide for such other nonfinancial 
                services as deemed necessary for the 
                establishment, preservation, and growth of 
                small business concerns participating in the 
                Program, including but not limited to (I) loan 
                packaging, (II) financing counseling, (III) 
                accounting and bookkeeping assistance, (IV) 
                marketing assistance, and (V) management 
                assistance;
                  (iii) assist small business concerns 
                participating in the Program to obtain equity 
                and debt financing;
                  (iv) establish regular performance monitoring 
                and reporting systems for small business 
                concerns participating in the Program to assure 
                compliance with their business plans;
                  (v) analyze and report the causes of success 
                and failure of small business concerns 
                participating in the Program; and
                  (vi) provide assistance necessary to help 
                small business concerns participating in the 
                Program to procure surety bonds, with such 
                assistance including, but not limited to, (I) 
                the preparation of application forms required 
                to receive a surety bond, (II) special 
                management and technical assistance designed to 
                meet the specific needs of small business 
                concerns participating in the Program and which 
                have received or are applying to receive a 
                surety bond, and (III) guarantee from the 
                Administration pursuant to title IV, part B of 
                the Small Business Investment Act of 1958.
          (B) Small business concerns eligible to receive 
        contracts pursuant to section 8(a) of this Act shall 
        participate in the Program.
          (C)(i) A small business concern participating in any 
        program or activity conducted under the authority of 
        this paragraph or eligible for the award of contracts 
        pursuant to section 8(a) on September 1, 1988, shall be 
        permitted continued participation and eligibility in 
        such program or activity for a period of time which is 
        the greater of--
                  (I) 9 years less the number of years since 
                the award of its first contract pursuant to 
                section 8(a); or
                  (II) its original fixed program participation 
                term (plus any extension thereof) assigned 
                prior to the effective date of this paragraph 
                plus eighteen months.
          (ii) Nothing contained in this subparagraph shall be 
        deemed to prevent the Administration from instituting a 
        termination or graduation pursuant to subparagraph (F) 
        or (H) for issues unrelated to the expiration of any 
        time period limitation.
          (D)(i) Promptly after certification under paragraph 
        (11) a Program Participant shall submit a business plan 
        (hereinafter referred to as the plan'') as described in 
        clause (ii) of this subparagraph for review by the 
        Business Opportunity Specialist assigned to assist such 
        Program Participant. The plan may be a revision of a 
        preliminary business plan submitted by the Program 
        Participant or required by the Administration as a part 
        of the application for certification under this section 
        and shall be designed to result in the Program 
        Participant eliminating the conditions or circumstances 
        upon which the Administration determined eligibility 
        pursuant to section 8(a)(6). Such plan, and subsequent 
        modifications submitted under clause (iii) of this 
        subparagraph, shall be approved by the business 
        opportunity specialist prior to the Program Participant 
        being eligible for award of a contract pursuant to 
        section 8(a).
                  (ii) The plans submitted under this 
                subparagraph shall include the following:
                          (I) An analysis of market potential, 
                        competitive environment, and other 
                        business analyses estimating the 
                        Program Participant's prospects for 
                        profitable operations during the term 
                        of program participation and after 
                        graduation.
                          (II) An analysis of the Program 
                        Participant's strengths and weaknesses 
                        with particular attention to correcting 
                        any financial, managerial, technical, 
                        or personnel conditions which are 
                        likely to impede the small business 
                        concern from receiving contracts other 
                        than those awarded under section 8(a).
                          (III) Specific targets, objectives, 
                        and goals, for the business development 
                        of the Program Participant during the 
                        next and succeeding years utilizing the 
                        results of the analyses conducted 
                        pursuant to subclauses (I) and (II).
                          (IV) A transition management plan 
                        outlining specific steps to assure 
                        profitable business operations after 
                        graduation (to be incorporated into the 
                        Program Participant's plan during the 
                        first year of the transitional stage of 
                        Program participation).
                          (V) Estimates of contract awards 
                        pursuant to section 8(a) and from other 
                        sources, which the Program Participant 
                        will require to meet the specific 
                        targets, objectives, and goals for the 
                        years covered by its plan. The 
                        estimates established shall be 
                        consistent with the provisions of 
                        subparagraph (I) and section 8(a).
                  (iii) Each Program Participant shall annually 
                review its currently approved plan with its 
                Business Opportunity Specialist and modify such 
                plan as may be appropriate. Any modified plan 
                shall be submitted to the Administration for 
                approval. The currently approved plan shall be 
                considered valid until such time as a modified 
                plan is approved by the Business Opportunity 
                Specialist. Annual reviews pertaining to years 
                in the transitional stage of program 
                participation shall require, as appropriate, a 
                written verification that such Program 
                Participant has complied with the requirements 
                of subparagraph (I) relating to attaining 
                business activity from sources other than 
                contracts awarded pursuant to section 8(a).
                  (iv) Each Program Participant shall annually 
                forecast its needs for contract awards under 
                section 8(a) for the next program year and the 
                succeeding program year during the review of 
                its business plan, conducted pursuant to clause 
                (iii). Such forecast shall be known as the 
                section 8(a) contract support level and shall 
                be included in the Program Participant's 
                business plan. Such forecast shall include--
                          (I) the aggregate dollar value of 
                        contract support to be sought on a 
                        noncompetitive basis under section 
                        8(a), reflecting compliance with the 
                        requirements of subparagraph (I) 
                        relating to attaining business activity 
                        from sources other than contracts 
                        awarded pursuant to section 8(a),
                          (II) the types of contract 
                        opportunities being sought, identified 
                        by Standard Industrial Classification 
                        (SIC) Code or otherwise,
                          (III) an estimate of the dollar value 
                        of contract support to be sought on a 
                        competitive basis, and
                          (IV) such other information as may be 
                        requested by the Business Opportunity 
                        Specialist to provide effective 
                        business development assistance to the 
                        Program Participant.
          (E) A small business concern participating in the 
        program conducted under the authority of this paragraph 
        and eligible for the award of contracts pursuant to 
        section 8(a) shall be denied all such assistance if 
        such concern--
                  (i) voluntarily elects not to continue 
                participation;
                  (ii) completes the period of Program 
                participation as prescribed by paragraph (15);
                  (iii) is terminated pursuant to a termination 
                proceeding conducted in accordance with section 
                8(a)(9); or
                  (iv) is graduated pursuant to a graduation 
                proceeding conducted in accordance with section 
                8(a)(9).
          (F) For the purposes of section and 8(a), the terms 
        ``terminated'' or ``termination'' means the total 
        denial or suspension of assistance under this paragraph 
        or under section 8(a) prior to the graduation of the 
        participating small business concern or prior to the 
        expiration of the maximum program participation in 
        term. An action for termination shall be based upon 
        good cause, including--
                  (i) the failure by such concern to maintain 
                its eligibility for Program participation;
                  (ii) the failure of the concern to engage in 
                business practices that will promote its 
                competitiveness within a reasonable period of 
                time as evidenced by, among other indicators, a 
                pattern of unjustified delinquent performance 
                or terminations for default with respect to 
                contracts awarded under the authority of 
                section 8(a);
                  (iii) a demonstrated pattern of failing to 
                make required submissions or responses to the 
                Administration in a timely manner;
                  (iv) the willful violation of any rule or 
                regulation of the Administration pertaining to 
                material issues;
                  (v) the debarment of the concern or its 
                disadvantaged owners by any agency pursuant to 
                subpart 9.4 of title 48, Code of Federal 
                Regulations (or any successor regulation); or
                  (vi) the conviction of the disadvantaged 
                owner or an officer of the concern for any 
                offense indicating a lack of business integrity 
                including any conviction for embezzlement, 
                theft, forgery, bribery, falsification or 
                violation of section 16. For purposes of this 
                clause, no termination action shall be taken 
                with respect to a disadvantaged owner solely 
                because of the conviction of an officer of the 
                concern (who is other than a disadvantaged 
                owner) unless such owner conspired with, 
                abetted, or otherwise knowingly acquiesced in 
                the activity or omission that was the basis of 
                such officer's conviction.
          (G) The Director of the Division may initiate a 
        termination proceeding by recommending such action to 
        the Associate Administrator for Minority Small Business 
        and Capital Ownership Development. Whenever the 
        Associate Administrator, or a designee of such officer, 
        determines such termination is appropriate, within 15 
        days after making such a determination the Program 
        Participant shall be provided a written notice of 
        intent to terminate, specifying the reasons for such 
        action. No Program Participant shall be terminated from 
        the Program pursuant to subparagraph (F) without first 
        being afforded an opportunity for a hearing in 
        accordance with section 8(a)(9).
          (H) For the purposes of sections 7(j) and 8(a) the 
        term ``graduated'' or ``graduation'' means that the 
        Program Participant is recognized as successfully 
        completing the program by substantially achieving the 
        targets, objectives, and goals contained in the 
        concern's business plan thereby demonstrating its 
        ability to compete in the marketplace without 
        assistance under this section or section 8(a).
          (I)(i) During the developmental stage of its 
        participation in the Program, a Program Participant 
        shall take all reasonable efforts within its control to 
        attain the targets contained in its business plan for 
        contracts awarded other than pursuant to section 8(a) 
        (hereinafter referred to as ``business activity 
        targets.''). Such efforts shall be made a part of the 
        business plan and shall be sufficient in scope and 
        duration to satisfy the Administration that the Program 
        Participant will engage a reasonable marketing strategy 
        that will maximize its potential to achieve its 
        business activity targets.
          (ii) During the transitional stage of the Program a 
        Program Participant shall be subject to regulations 
        regarding business activity targets that are 
        promulgated by the Administration pursuant to clause 
        (iii);
          (iii) The regulations referred to in clause (ii) 
        shall:
                  (I) establish business activity targets 
                applicable to Program Participants during the 
                fifth year and each succeeding year of Program 
                Participation; such targets, for such period of 
                time, shall reflect a reasonably consistent 
                increase in contracts awarded other than 
                pursuant to section 8(a), expressed as a 
                percentage of total sales; when promulgating 
                business activity targets the Administration 
                may establish modified targets for Program 
                Participants that have participated in the 
                Program for a period of longer than four years 
                on the effective date of this subparagraph;
                  (II) require a Program Participant to attain 
                its business activity targets;
                  (III) provide that, before the receipt of any 
                contract to be awarded pursuant to section 
                8(a), the Program Participant (if it is in the 
                transitional stage) must certify that it has 
                complied with the regulations promulgated 
                pursuant to subclause (II), or that it is in 
                compliance with such remedial measures as may 
                have been ordered pursuant to regulations 
                issued under subclause (V);
                  (IV) require the Administration to review 
                each Program Participant's performance 
                regarding attainment of business activity 
                targets during periodic reviews of such 
                Participant's business plan; and
                  (V) authorize the Administration to take 
                appropriate remedial measures with respect to a 
                Program Participant that has failed to attain a 
                required business activity target for the 
                purpose of reducing such Participant's 
                dependence on contracts awarded pursuant to 
                section 8(a); such remedial actions may 
                include, but are not limited to assisting the 
                Program Participant to expand the dollar volume 
                of its competitive business activity or 
                limiting the dollar volume of contracts awarded 
                to the Program Participant pursuant to section 
                8(a); except for actions that would constitute 
                a termination, remedial measures taken pursuant 
                to this subclause shall not be reviewable 
                pursuant to section 8(a)(9).
          (J)(i) The Administration shall conduct an evaluation 
        of a Program Participant's eligibility for continued 
        participation in the Program whenever it receives 
        specific and credible information alleging that such 
        Program Participant no longer meets the requirements 
        for Program eligibility. Upon making a finding that a 
        Program Participant is no longer eligible, the 
        Administration shall initiate a termination proceeding 
        in accordance with subparagraph (F). A Program 
        Participant's eligibility for award of any contract 
        under the authority of section 8(a) may be suspended 
        pursuant to subpart 9.4 of title 48, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (or any successor regulation).
          (ii)(I) Except as authorized by subclauses (II) or 
        (III), no award shall be made pursuant to section 8(a) 
        to a concern other than a small business concern.
          (II) In determining the size of a small business 
        concern owned by a socially and economically 
        disadvantaged Indian tribe (or a wholly owned business 
        entity of such tribe), each firm's size shall be 
        independently determined without regard to its 
        affiliation with the tribe, any entity of the tribal 
        government, or any other business enterprise owned by 
        the tribe, unless the Administrator determines that one 
        or more such tribally owned business concerns have 
        obtained, or are likely to obtain, a substantial unfair 
        competitive advantage within an industry category.
          (III) Any joint venture established under the 
        authority of section 602(b) of Public Law 100-656, the 
        ``Business Opportunity Development Reform Act of 
        1988'', shall be eligible for award of a contract 
        pursuant to section 8(a).
  (11)(A) The Associate Administrator for Minority Small 
Business and Capital Ownership Development shall be responsible 
for coordinating and formulating policies relating to Federal 
assistance to small business concerns eligible for assistance 
under section 7(i) of this Act and small business concerns 
eligible to receive contracts pursuant to section 8(a) of this 
Act.
          (B)(i) Except as provided in clause (iii), no 
        individual who was determined pursuant to section 8(a) 
        to be socially and economically disadvantaged before 
        the effective date of this subparagraph shall be 
        permitted to assert such disadvantage with respect to 
        any other concern making application for certification 
        after such effective date.
                  (ii) Except as provided in clause (iii), any 
                individual upon whom eligibility is based 
                pursuant to section 8(a)(4) shall be permitted 
                to assert such eligibility for only one small 
                business concern.
                  (iii) A socially and economically 
                disadvantaged Indian tribe may own more than 
                one small business concern eligible for 
                assistance pursuant to section 7(j)(10) and 
                section 8(a) if--
                          (I) the Indian tribe does not own 
                        another firm in the same industry which 
                        has been determined to be eligible to 
                        receive contracts under this program, 
                        and
                          (II) the individuals responsible for 
                        the management and daily operations of 
                        the concern do not manage more than two 
                        Program Participants.
  (C) No concern, previously eligible for the award of 
contracts pursuant to section 8(a), shall be subsequently 
recertified for program participation if its prior 
participation in the program was concluded for any of the 
reasons described in paragraph (10)(E).
  (D) A concern eligible for the award of contracts pursuant to 
this subsection shall remain eligible for such contracts if 
there is a transfer of ownership and control (as defined 
pursuant to section 8(a)(4)) to individuals who are determined 
to be socially and economically disadvantaged pursuant to 
section 8(a). In the event of such a transfer, the concern, if 
not terminated or graduated, shall be eligible for a period of 
continued participation in the program not to exceed the time 
limitations prescribed in paragraph (15).
  (E) There is established a Division of Program Certification 
and Eligibility (hereinafter referred to in this paragraph as 
the Division'') that shall be made part of the Office of 
Minority Small Business and Capital Ownership Development. The 
Division shall be headed by a Director who shall report 
directly to the Associate Administrator for Minority Small 
Business and Capital Ownership Development. The Division shall 
establish field offices within such regional offices of the 
Administration as may be necessary to perform efficiently its 
functions and responsibilities.
  (F) Subject to the provisions of section 8(a)(9), the 
functions and responsibility of the Division are to--
          (i) receive, review and evaluate applications for 
        certification pursuant to paragraphs (4), (5), (6) and 
        (7) of section 8(a);
          (ii) advise each program applicant within 15 days 
        after the receipt of an application as to whether such 
        application is complete and suitable for evaluation 
        and, if not, what matters must be rectified;
          (iii) render recommendations on such applications to 
        the Associate Administrator for Minority Small Business 
        and Capital Ownership Development;
          (iv) review and evaluate financial statements and 
        other submissions from concerns participating in the 
        program established by paragraph (10) to ascertain 
        continued eligibility to receive subcontracts pursuant 
        to section 8(a);
          (v) make a request for the initiation of termination 
        or graduation proceedings, as appropriate, to the 
        Associate Administrator for Minority Small Business and 
        Capital Ownership Development;
          (vi) make recommendations to the Associate 
        Administrator for Minority Small Business and Capital 
        Ownership Development concerning protests from 
        applicants that have been denied program admission;
          (vii) decide protests regarding the status of a 
        concern as a disadvantaged concern for purposes of any 
        program or activity conducted under the authority of 
        subsection (d) of section 8, or any other provision of 
        Federal law that references such subsection for a 
        definition of program eligibility; and
          (vii) implement such policy directives as may be 
        issued by the Associate Administrator for Minority 
        Small Business and Capital Ownership Development 
        pursuant to subparagraph (I) regarding, among other 
        things, the geographic distribution of concerns to be 
        admitted to the program and the industrial make-up of 
        such concerns.
  (G) An applicant shall not be denied admission into the 
program established by paragraph (10) due solely to a 
determination by the Division that specific contract 
opportunities are unavailable to assist in the development of 
such concern unless--
          (i) the Government has not previously procured and is 
        unlikely to procure the types of products or services 
        offered by the concern; or
          (ii) the purchases of such products or services by 
        the Federal Government will not be in quantities 
        sufficient to support the developmental needs of the 
        applicant and other Program Participants providing the 
        same or similar items or services.
          (H) Not later than 90 days after receipt of a 
        completed application for Program certification, the 
        Associate Administrator for Minority Small Business and 
        Capital Ownership Development shall certify a small 
        business concern as a Program Participant or shall deny 
        such application.
  (I) Thirty days before the conclusion of each fiscal year, 
the Director of the Division shall review all concerns that 
have been admitted into the Program during the preceding 12-
month period. The review shall ascertain the number of 
entrants, their geographic distribution and industrial 
classification. The Director shall also estimate the expected 
growth of the Program during the next fiscal year and the 
number of additional Business Opportunity Specialists, if any, 
that will be needed to meet the anticipated demand for the 
Program. The findings and conclusions of the Director shall be 
reported to the Associate Administrator for Minority Small 
Business and Capital Ownership Development by September 30 of 
each year. Based on such report and such additional data as may 
be relevant, the Associate Administrator shall, by October 31 
of each year, issue policy and program directives applicable to 
such fiscal year that--
          (i) establish priorities for the solicitation of 
        program applications from underrepresented regions and 
        industry categories;
          (ii) assign staffing levels and allocate other 
        program resources as necessary to meet program needs; 
        and
          (iii) establish priorities in the processing and 
        admission of new Program Participants as may be 
        necessary to achieve an equitable geographic 
        distribution of concerns and a distribution of concerns 
        across all industry categories in proportions needed to 
        increase significantly contract awards to small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
        economically disadvantaged individuals. When 
        considering such increase the Administration shall give 
        due consideration to those industrial categories where 
        Federal purchases have been substantial but where the 
        participation rate of such concerns has been limited.
  (12)(A) The Administration shall segment the Capital 
Ownership Development Program into two stages: a developmental 
stage; and a transitional stage.
  (B) The developmental stage of program participation shall be 
designed to assist the concern in its effort to overcome its 
economic disadvantage by providing such assistance as may be 
necessary and appropriate to access its markets and to 
strengthen its financial and managerial skills.
  (C) The transitional stage of program participation shall be 
designed to overcome, insofar as practicable, the remaining 
elements of economic disadvantage and to prepare such concern 
for graduation from the program.
  (13) A Program Participant, if otherwise eligible, shall be 
qualified to receive the following assistance during the stages 
of program participation specified in paragraph 12:
          (A) Contract support pursuant to section 8(a).
          (B) Financial assistance pursuant to section 
        7(a)(20).
          (C) A maximum of two exemptions from the requirements 
        of section 1(a) of the Act entitled ``An Act providing 
        conditions for the purchase of supplies and the making 
        of contracts by the United States, and for other 
        purposes'', approved June 30, 1936 (49 Stat. 2036), 
        which exemptions shall apply only to contracts awarded 
        pursuant to section (8)(a) and shall only be used to 
        allow for contingent agreements by a small business 
        concern to acquire the machinery, equipment, 
        facilities, or labor needed to perform such contracts. 
        No exemption shall be made pursuant to this 
        subparagraph if the contract to which it pertains has 
        an anticipated value in excess of $10,000,000. This 
        subparagraph shall cease to be effective on October 1, 
        1992.
          (D) A maximum of five exemptions from the 
        requirements of the Act entitled ``An Act requiring 
        contracts for the construction, alteration and repair 
        of any public building or public work of the United 
        States to be accompanied by a performance bond 
        protecting the United States and by an additional bond 
        for the protection of persons furnishing material and 
        labor for the construction, alteration, or repair of 
        said public buildings or public works'', approved 
        August 24, 1935 (49 Stat. 793), which exemptions shall 
        apply only to contracts awarded pursuant to section 
        8(a), except that, such exemptions may be granted under 
        this subparagraph only if--
                  (i) the Administration finds that such 
                concern is unable to obtain the requisite bond 
                or bonds from a surety and that no surety is 
                willing to issue a bond subject to the 
                guarantee provision of title IV of the Small 
                Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 692 
                et seq.);
                  (ii) the Administration and the agency 
                providing the contracting opportunity have 
                provided for the protection of persons 
                furnishing materials or labor to the Program 
                Participant by arranging for the direct 
                disbursement of funds due to such persons by 
                the procuring agency or through any bank the 
                deposits of which are insured by the Federal 
                Deposit Insurance Corporation; and
                  (iii) the contract to which it pertains does 
                not exceed $3,000,000 in amount. This 
                subparagraph shall cease to be effective on 
                October 1, 1994.
          (E) Financial assistance whereby the Administration 
        may purchase in whole or in part, and on behalf of such 
        concerns, skills training or upgrading for employees or 
        potential employees of such concerns. Such assistance 
        may be made without regard to section 18(a). Assistance 
        may be made by direct payment to the training provider 
        or by reimbursing the Program Participant or the 
        Participant's employee, if such reimbursement is found 
        to be reasonable and appropriate. For purposes of this 
        subparagraph the term ``training provider'' shall mean 
        an institution of higher education, a community or 
        vocational college, or an institution eligible to 
        provide skills training or upgrading under title I of 
        the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. The 
        Administration shall, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Labor, promulgate rules and regulations to 
        implement this subparagraph that establish acceptable 
        training and upgrading performance standards and 
        provide for such monitoring or audit requirements as 
        may be necessary to ensure the integrity of the 
        training effort. No financial assistance shall be 
        granted under the subparagraph unless the Administrator 
        determines that--
                  (i) such concern has documented that it has 
                first explored the use of existing cost-free or 
                cost-subsidized training programs offered by 
                public and private sector agencies working with 
                programs of employment and training and 
                economic development;
                  (ii) no more than five employees or potential 
                employees of such concern are recipients of any 
                benefits under this subparagraph at any one 
                time;
                  (iii) no more than $2,500 shall be made 
                available for any one employee or potential 
                employee;
                  (iv) the length of training or upgrading 
                financed by this subparagraph shall be no less 
                than one month nor more than six months;
                  (v) such concern has given adequate assurance 
                it will employ the trainee or upgraded employee 
                for at least six months after the training or 
                upgrading financed by this subparagraph has 
                been completed and each trainee or upgraded 
                employee has provided a similar assurance to 
                remain within the employ of such concern for 
                such period; if such concern, trainee, or 
                upgraded employee breaches this agreement, the 
                Administration shall be entitled to and shall 
                make diligent efforts to obtain from the 
                violating party the repayment of all funds 
                expended on behalf of the violating party, such 
                repayment shall be made to the Administration 
                together with such interest and costs of 
                collection as may be reasonable; the violating 
                party shall be barred from receiving any 
                further assistance under this subparagraph;
                  (vi) the training to be financed may take 
                place either at such concern's facilities or at 
                those of the training provider; and
                  (vii) such concern will maintain such records 
                as the Administration deems appropriate to 
                ensure that the provisions of this paragraph 
                and any other applicable law have not been 
                violated.
          (F)(i) The transfer of technology or surplus property 
        owned by the United States to such a concern. 
        Activities designed to effect such transfer shall be 
        developed in cooperation with the heads of Federal 
        agencies and shall include the transfer by grant, 
        license, or sale of such technology or property to such 
        a concern. Such property may be transferred to Program 
        Participants on a priority basis. Technology or 
        property transferred under this subparagraph shall be 
        used by the concern during the normal conduct of its 
        business operation and shall not be sold or transferred 
        to any other party (other than the Government) during 
        such concern's term of participation in the Program and 
        for one year thereafter.
                  (ii)(I) In this clause--
                          (aa) the term ``covered period'' 
                        means the 2-year period beginning on 
                        the date on which the President 
                        declared the applicable major disaster; 
                        and
                          (bb) the term ``disaster area'' means 
                        the area for which the President has 
                        declared a major disaster, during the 
                        covered period.
                  (II) The Administrator may transfer 
                technology or surplus property under clause (i) 
                on a priority basis to a small business concern 
                located in a disaster area if--
                          (aa) the small business concern meets 
                        the requirements for such a transfer, 
                        without regard to whether the small 
                        business concern is a Program 
                        Participant; and
                          (bb) for a small business concern 
                        that is a Program Participant, on and 
                        after the date on which the President 
                        declared the applicable major disaster, 
                        the small business concern has not 
                        received property under this 
                        subparagraph on the basis of the status 
                        of the small business concern as a 
                        Program Participant.
                  (III) For any transfer of property under this 
                clause to a small business concern, the terms 
                and conditions shall be the same as a transfer 
                to a Program Participant, except that the small 
                business concern shall agree not to sell or 
                transfer the property to any party other than 
                the Federal Government during the covered 
                period.
                  (IV) A small business concern that receives a 
                transfer of property under this clause may not 
                receive a transfer of property under clause (i) 
                during the covered period.
                  (V) If a small business concern sells or 
                transfers property in violation of the 
                agreement described in subclause (III), the 
                Administrator may initiate proceedings to 
                prohibit the small business concern from 
                receiving a transfer of property under this 
                clause or clause (i), in addition to any other 
                remedy available to the Administrator.
          (iii)(I) In this clause, the term ``covered period'' 
        means the period beginning on the date of enactment of 
        this clause and ending on the date on which the 
        Oversight Board established under section 101 of the 
        Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic 
        Stability Act (48 U.S.C. 2121) terminates.
          (II) The Administrator may transfer technology or 
        surplus property under clause (i) to a Puerto Rico 
        business if the Puerto Rico business meets the 
        requirements for such a transfer, without regard to 
        whether the Puerto Rico business is a Program 
        Participant.
          (G) Training assistance whereby the Administration 
        shall conduct training sessions to assist individuals 
        and enterprises eligible to receive contracts under 
        section 8(a) in the development of business principles 
        and strategies to enhance their ability to successfully 
        compete for contracts in the marketplace.
          (H) Joint ventures, leader-follower arrangements, and 
        teaming agreements between the Program Participant and 
        other Program Participants and other business concerns 
        with respect to contracting opportunities for the 
        research, development, full-scale engineering or 
        production of major systems. Such activities shall be 
        undertaken on the basis of programs developed by the 
        agency responsible for the procurement of the major 
        system, with the assistance of the Administration.
          (I) Transitional management business planning 
        training and technical assistance.
          (J) Program Participants in the developmental stage 
        of Program participation shall be eligible for the 
        assistance provided by subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), 
        (D), (E), (F), and (G).
  (14) Program Participants in the transitional stage of 
Program participation shall be eligible for the assistance 
provided by subparagraphs (A), (B), (F), (G), (H), and (I) of 
paragraph (13).
  (15) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (10)(C), a small 
business concern may receive developmental assistance under the 
Program and contracts under section 8(a) for a total period of 
not longer than nine years, measured from the date of its 
certification under the authority of such section, of which--
          (A) no more than four years may be spent in the 
        developmental stage of Program Participation; and
          (B) no more than five years may be spent in the 
        transitional stage of Program Participation.
  (16)(A) The Administrator shall develop and implement a 
process for the systematic collection of data on the operations 
of the Program established pursuant to paragraph (10).
  (B) Not later than April 30 of each year, the Administrator 
shall submit a report to the Congress on the Program that shall 
include the following:
          (i) The average personal net worth of individuals who 
        own and control concerns that were initially certified 
        for participation in the Program during the immediately 
        preceding fiscal year. The Administrator shall also 
        indicate the dollar distribution of net worths, at 
        $50,000 increments, of all such individuals found to be 
        socially and economically disadvantaged. For the first 
        report required pursuant to this paragraph the 
        Administrator shall also provide the data specified in 
        the preceding sentence for all eligible individuals in 
        the Program as of the effective date of this paragraph.
          (ii) A description and estimate of the benefits and 
        costs that have accrued to the economy and the 
        Government in the immediately preceding fiscal year due 
        to the operations of those business concerns that were 
        performing contracts awarded pursuant to section 8(a).
          (iii) A compilation and evaluation of those business 
        concerns that have exited the Program during the 
        immediately preceding three fiscal years. Such 
        compilation and evaluation shall detail the number of 
        concerns actively engaged in business operations, those 
        that have ceased or substantially curtailed such 
        operations, including the reasons for such actions, and 
        those concerns that have been acquired by other firms 
        or organizations owned and controlled by other than 
        socially and economically disadvantaged individuals. 
        For those businesses that have continued operations 
        after they exited from the Program, the Administrator 
        shall also separately detail the benefits and costs 
        that have accrued to the economy during the immediately 
        preceding fiscal year due to the operations of such 
        concerns.
          (iv) A listing of all participants in the Program 
        during the preceding fiscal year identifying, by State 
        and by Region, for each firm: the name of the concern, 
        the race or ethnicity, and gender of the disadvantaged 
        owners, the dollar value of all contracts received in 
        the preceding year, the dollar amount of advance 
        payments received by each concern pursuant to contracts 
        awarded under section 8(a), and a description including 
        (if appropriate) an estimate of the dollar value of all 
        benefits received pursuant to paragraphs (13) and (14) 
        and section 7(a)(20) during such year.
          (v) The total dollar value of contracts and options 
        awarded during the preceding fiscal year pursuant to 
        section 8(a) and such amount expressed as a percentage 
        of total sales of (I) all firms participating in the 
        Program during such year; and (II) of firms in each of 
        the nine years of program participation.
          (vi) A description of such additional resources or 
        program authorities as may be required to provide the 
        types of services needed over the next two-year period 
        to service the expected portfolio of firms certified 
        pursuant to section 8(a).
          (vii) The total dollar value of contracts and options 
        awarded pursuant to section 8(a), at such dollar 
        increments as the Administrator deems appropriate, for 
        each four digit standard industrial classification code 
        under which such contracts and options were classified.
  (C) The first report required by subparagraph (B) shall 
pertain to fiscal year 1990.
  (k) In carrying out its functions under subsections 7(i), 
7(j), and 8(a) of this Act, the Administration is authorized--
          (1) to utilize, with their consent, the services and 
        facilities of Federal agencies without reimbursement, 
        and, with the consent of any State or political 
        subdivision of a State, accept and utilize the services 
        and facilities of such State or subdivision without 
        reimbursement;
          (2) to accept, in the name of the Administration, and 
        employ or dispose of in furtherance of the purposes of 
        this Act, any money or property, real, personal, or 
        mixed, tangible, or intangible, received by gift, 
        device, bequest, or otherwise;
          (3) to accept voluntary and uncompensated services, 
        notwithstanding the provisions of section 3679(b) of 
        the Revised Statutes (31 U.S.C. 655(b)); and
          (4) to employ experts and consultants or 
        organizations thereof as authorized by section 15 of 
        the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946 (5 U.S.C. 55a), 
        except that no individual may be employed under the 
        authority of this subsection for more than one hundred 
        days in any fiscal year; to compensate individuals so 
        employed at rates not in excess of the daily equivalent 
        of the highest rate payable under section 5332 of title 
        5, United States Code, including traveltime; and to 
        allow them, while away from their homes or regular 
        places of business, travel expenses (including per diem 
        in lieu of subsistence) a authorized by section 5 of 
        such Act (5 U.S.C. 73b-2) for persons in the Government 
        service employed intermittently, while so employed: 
        Provided, however, That contracts for such employment 
        may be renewed annually.
  (l) Small Business Intermediary Lending Pilot Program.--
          (1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                  (A) the term ``eligible intermediary''--
                          (i) means a private, nonprofit entity 
                        that--
                                  (I) seeks or has been awarded 
                                a loan from the Administrator 
                                to make loans to small business 
                                concerns under this subsection; 
                                and
                                  (II) has not less than 1 year 
                                of experience making loans to 
                                startup, newly established, or 
                                growing small business 
                                concerns; and
                          (ii) includes--
                                  (I) a private, nonprofit 
                                community development 
                                corporation;
                                  (II) a consortium of private, 
                                nonprofit organizations or 
                                nonprofit community development 
                                corporations; and
                                  (III) an agency of or 
                                nonprofit entity established by 
                                a Native American Tribal 
                                Government; and
                  (B) the term ``Program'' means the small 
                business intermediary lending pilot program 
                established under paragraph (2).
          (2) Establishment.--There is established a 3-year 
        small business intermediary lending pilot program, 
        under which the Administrator may make direct loans to 
        eligible intermediaries, for the purpose of making 
        loans to startup, newly established, and growing small 
        business concerns.
          (3) Purposes.--The purposes of the Program are--
                  (A) to assist small business concerns in 
                areas suffering from a lack of credit due to 
                poor economic conditions or changes in the 
                financial market; and
                  (B) to establish a loan program under which 
                the Administrator may provide loans to eligible 
                intermediaries to enable the eligible 
                intermediaries to provide loans to startup, 
                newly established, and growing small business 
                concerns for working capital, real estate, or 
                the acquisition of materials, supplies, or 
                equipment.
          (4) Loans to eligible intermediaries.--
                  (A) Application.--Each eligible intermediary 
                desiring a loan under this subsection shall 
                submit an application to the Administrator that 
                describes--
                          (i) the type of small business 
                        concerns to be assisted;
                          (ii) the size and range of loans to 
                        be made;
                          (iii) the interest rate and terms of 
                        loans to be made;
                          (iv) the geographic area to be served 
                        and the economic, poverty, and 
                        unemployment characteristics of the 
                        area;
                          (v) the status of small business 
                        concerns in the area to be served and 
                        an analysis of the availability of 
                        credit; and
                          (vi) the qualifications of the 
                        applicant to carry out this subsection.
                  (B) Loan limits.--No loan may be made to an 
                eligible intermediary under this subsection if 
                the total amount outstanding and committed to 
                the eligible intermediary by the Administrator 
                would, as a result of such loan, exceed 
                $1,000,000 during the participation of the 
                eligible intermediary in the Program.
                  (C) Loan duration.--Loans made by the 
                Administrator under this subsection shall be 
                for a term of 20 years.
                  (D) Applicable interest rates.--Loans made by 
                the Administrator to an eligible intermediary 
                under the Program shall bear an annual interest 
                rate equal to 1.00 percent.
                  (E) Fees; collateral.--The Administrator may 
                not charge any fees or require collateral with 
                respect to any loan made to an eligible 
                intermediary under this subsection.
                  (F) Delayed payments.--The Administrator 
                shall not require the repayment of principal or 
                interest on a loan made to an eligible 
                intermediary under the Program during the 2-
                year period beginning on the date of the 
                initial disbursement of funds under that loan.
                  (G) Maximum participants and amounts.--During 
                each of fiscal years 2011, 2012, and 2013, the 
                Administrator may make loans under the 
                Program--
                          (i) to not more than 20 eligible 
                        intermediaries; and
                          (ii) in a total amount of not more 
                        than $20,000,000.
          (5) Loans to small business concerns.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administrator, through 
                an eligible intermediary, shall make loans to 
                startup, newly established, and growing small 
                business concerns for working capital, real 
                estate, and the acquisition of materials, 
                supplies, furniture, fixtures, and equipment.
                  (B) Maximum loan.--An eligible intermediary 
                may not make a loan under this subsection of 
                more than $200,000 to any 1 small business 
                concern.
                  (C) Applicable interest rates.--A loan made 
                by an eligible intermediary to a small business 
                concern under this subsection, may have a fixed 
                or a variable interest rate, and shall bear an 
                interest rate specified by the eligible 
                intermediary in the application of the eligible 
                intermediary for a loan under this subsection.
                  (D) Review restrictions.--The Administrator 
                may not review individual loans made by an 
                eligible intermediary to a small business 
                concern before approval of the loan by the 
                eligible intermediary.
          (6) Termination.--The authority of the Administrator 
        to make loans under the Program shall terminate 3 years 
        after the date of enactment of the Small Business Job 
        Creation and Access to Capital Act of 2010.
  (m) Microloan Program.--
          (1)(A) Purposes.--The purposes of the Microloan 
        Program are--
                  (i) to assist women, low-income, veteran 
                (within the meaning of such term under section 
                3(q)), and minority entrepreneurs and business 
                owners and other individuals possessing the 
                capability to operate successful business 
                concerns;
                  (ii) to assist small business concerns in 
                those areas suffering from a lack of credit due 
                to economic downturns;
                  (iii) to establish a microloan program to be 
                administered by the Small Business 
                Administration--
                          (I) to make loans to eligible 
                        intermediaries to enable such 
                        intermediaries to provide small-scale 
                        loans, particularly loans in amounts 
                        averaging not more than $10,000, to 
                        startup, newly established, or growing 
                        small business concerns for working 
                        capital or the acquisition of 
                        materials, supplies, or equipment;
                          (II) to make grants to eligible 
                        intermediaries that, together with non-
                        Federal matching funds, will enable 
                        such intermediaries to provide 
                        intensive marketing, management, and 
                        technical assistance to microloan 
                        borrowers;
                          (III) to make grants to eligible 
                        nonprofit entities that, together with 
                        non-Federal matching funds, will enable 
                        such entities to provide intensive 
                        marketing, management, and technical 
                        assistance to assist low-income 
                        entrepreneurs and other low-income 
                        individuals obtain private sector 
                        financing for their businesses, with or 
                        without loan guarantees; and
                          (IV) to report to the Committees on 
                        Small Business of the Senate and the 
                        House of Representatives on the 
                        effectiveness of the microloan program 
                        and the advisability and feasibility of 
                        implementing such a program nationwide; 
                        and
                  (iv) to establish a welfare-to-work microloan 
                initiative, which shall be administered by the 
                Administration, in order to test the 
                feasibility of supplementing the technical 
                assistance grants provided under clauses (ii) 
                and (iii) of subparagraph (B) to individuals 
                who are receiving assistance under the State 
                program funded under part A of title IV of the 
                Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), or 
                under any comparable State funded means tested 
                program of assistance for low-income 
                individuals, in order to adequately assist 
                those individuals in--
                          (I) establishing small businesses; 
                        and
                          (II) eliminating their dependence on 
                        that assistance.
          (B) Establishment.--There is established a microloan 
        program, under which the Administration may--
                  (i) make direct loans to eligible 
                intermediaries, as provided under paragraph 
                (3), for the purpose of making short-term, 
                fixed interest rate microloans to startup, 
                newly established, and growing small business 
                concerns under paragraph (6);
                  (ii) in conjunction with such loans and 
                subject to the requirements of paragraph (4), 
                make grants to such intermediaries for the 
                purpose of providing intensive marketing, 
                management, and technical assistance to small 
                business concerns that are borrowers under this 
                subsection; and
                  (iii) subject to the requirements of 
                paragraph (5), make grants to nonprofit 
                entities for the purpose of providing 
                marketing, management, and technical assistance 
                to low-income individuals seeking to start or 
                enlarge their own businesses, if such 
                assistance includes working with the grant 
                recipient to secure loans in amounts not to 
                exceed $50,000 from private sector lending 
                institutions, with or without a loan guarantee 
                from the nonprofit entity.
          (2) Eligibility for participation.--An intermediary 
        shall be eligible to receive loans and grants under 
        subparagraphs (B)(i) and (B)(ii) of paragraph (1) if 
        it--
                  (A) meets the definition in paragraph (10); 
                and
                  (B) has at least 1 year of experience making 
                microloans to startup, newly established, or 
                growing small business concerns and providing, 
                as an integral part of its microloan program, 
                intensive marketing, management, and technical 
                assistance to its borrowers.
          (3) Loans to intermediaries.--
                  (A) Intermediary applications.--(i) In 
                general.--As part of its application for a 
                loan, each intermediary shall submit a 
                description to the Administration of--
                          (I) the type of businesses to be 
                        assisted;
                          (II) the size and range of loans to 
                        be made;
                          (III) the geographic area to be 
                        served and its economic, proverty, and 
                        unemployment characteristics;
                          (IV) the status of small business 
                        concerns in the area to be served and 
                        an analysis of their credit and 
                        technical assistance needs;
                          (V) any marketing, management, and 
                        technical assistance to be provided in 
                        connection with a loan made under this 
                        subsection;
                          (VI) the local economic credit 
                        markets, including the costs associated 
                        with obtaining credit locally;
                          (VII) the qualifications of the 
                        applicant to carry out the purpose of 
                        this subsection; and
                          (VIII) any plan to involve other 
                        technical assistance providers (such as 
                        counselors from the Service Corps of 
                        Retired Executives or small business 
                        development centers) or private sector 
                        lenders in assisting selected business 
                        concerns.
                  (ii) Selection of intermediaries.--In 
                selecting intermediaries to participate in the 
                program established under this subsection, the 
                Administration shall give priority to those 
                applicants that provide loans in amounts 
                averaging not more than $10,000.
                  (B) Intermediary contribution.--As a 
                condition of any loan made to an intermediary 
                under subparagraph (B)(i) of paragraph (1), the 
                Administrator shall require the intermediary to 
                contribute not less than 15 percent of the loan 
                amount in cash from non-Federal sources.
                  (C) Loan limits.--Notwithstanding subsection 
                (a)(3), no loan shall be made under this 
                subsection if the total amount outstanding and 
                committed to one intermediary (excluding 
                outstanding grants) from the business loan and 
                investment fund established by this Act would, 
                as a result of such loan, exceed $750,000 in 
                the first year of such intermediary's 
                participation in the program, and $6,000,000 in 
                the remaining years of the intermediary's 
                participation in the program.
                  (D)(i) In general.--The Administrator shall, 
                by regulation, require each intermediary to 
                establish a loan loss reserve fund, and to 
                maintain such reserve fund until all 
                obligations owed to the Administration under 
                this subsection are repaid.
                  (ii) Level of loan loss reserve fund.--
                          (I) In general.--Subject to subclause 
                        (III), the Administrator shall require 
                        the loan loss reserve fund of an 
                        intermediary to be maintained at a 
                        level equal to 15 percent of the 
                        outstanding balance of the notes 
                        receivable owed to the intermediary.
                          (II) Review of loan loss reserve.--
                        After the initial 5 years of an 
                        intermediary's participation in the 
                        program authorized by this subsection, 
                        the Administrator shall, at the request 
                        of the intermediary, conduct a review 
                        of the annual loss rate of the 
                        intermediary. Any intermediary in 
                        operation under this subsection prior 
                        to October 1, 1994, that requests a 
                        reduction in its loan loss reserve 
                        shall be reviewed based on the most 
                        recent 5-year period preceding the 
                        request.
                          (III) Reduction of loan loss 
                        reserve.--Subject to the requirements 
                        of clause IV, the Administrator may 
                        reduce the annual loan loss reserve 
                        requirement of an intermediary to 
                        reflect the actual average loan loss 
                        rate for the intermediary during the 
                        preceding 5-year period, except that in 
                        no case shall the loan loss reserve be 
                        reduced to less than 10 percent of the 
                        outstanding balance of the notes 
                        receivable owed to the intermediary.
                          (IV) Requirements.--The Administrator 
                        may reduce the annual loan loss reserve 
                        requirement of an intermediary only if 
                        the intermediary demonstrates to the 
                        satisfaction of the Administrator 
                        that--
                                  (aa) the average annual loss 
                                rate for the intermediary 
                                during the preceding 5-year 
                                period is less than 15 percent; 
                                and
                                  (bb) that no other factors 
                                exist that may impair the 
                                ability of the intermediary to 
                                repay all obligations owed to 
                                the Administration under this 
                                subsection.
                  (E) Unavailability of comparable credit.--An 
                intermediary may make a loan under this 
                subsection of more than $20,000 to a small 
                business concern only if such small business 
                concern demonstrates that it is unable to 
                obtain credit elsewhere at comparable interest 
                rates and that it has good prospects for 
                success. In no case shall an intermediary make 
                a loan under this subsection of more than 
                $50,000, or have outstanding or committed to 
                any 1 borrower more than $50,000.
                  (F) Loan duration; interest rates.--
                          (i) Loan duration.--Loans made by the 
                        Administration under this subsection 
                        shall be for a term of 10 years.
                          (ii) Applicable interest rates.--
                        Except as provided in clause (iii), 
                        loans made by the Administration under 
                        this subsection to an intermediary 
                        shall bear an interest rate equal to 
                        1.25 percentage points below the rate 
                        determined by the Secretary of the 
                        Treasury for obligations of the United 
                        States with a period of maturity of 5 
                        years, adjusted to the nearest one-
                        eighth of 1 percent.
                          (iii) Rates applicable to certain 
                        small loans.--Loans made by the 
                        Administration to an intermediary that 
                        makes loans to small business concerns 
                        and entrepreneurs averaging not more 
                        than $7,500, shall bear an interest 
                        rate that is 2 percentage points below 
                        the rate determined by the Secretary of 
                        the Treasury for obligations of the 
                        United States with a period of maturity 
                        of 5 years, adjusted to the nearest 
                        one-eighth of 1 percent.
                          (iv) Rates applicable to multiple 
                        sites or offices.--The interest rate 
                        prescribed in clause (ii) or (iii) 
                        shall apply to each separate loan-
                        making site or office of 1 intermediary 
                        only if such site or office meets the 
                        requirements of that clause.
                          (v) Rate basis.--The applicable rate 
                        of interest under this paragraph 
                        shall--
                                  (I) be applied retroactively 
                                for the first year of an 
                                intermediary's participation in 
                                the program, based upon the 
                                actual lending practices of the 
                                intermediary as determined by 
                                the Administration prior to the 
                                end of such year; and
                                  (II) be based in the second 
                                and subsequent years of an 
                                intermediary's participation in 
                                the program, upon the actual 
                                lending practices of the 
                                intermediary during the term of 
                                the intermediary's 
                                participation in the program.
                          (vii) Covered intermediaries.--The 
                        interest rates prescribed in this 
                        subparagraph shall apply to all loans 
                        made to intermediaries under this 
                        subsection on or after October 28, 
                        1991.
                  (G) Delayed payments.--The Administration 
                shall not require repayment of interest or 
                principal of a loan made to an intermediary 
                under this subsection during the first year of 
                the loan.
                  (H) Fees; collateral.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (D), the Administration 
                shall not charge any fees or require collateral 
                other than an assignment of the notes 
                receivable of the microloans with respect to 
                any loan made to an intermediary under this 
                subsection.
          (4) Marketing, management and technical assistance 
        grants to intermediaries.--Grants made in accordance 
        with subparagraph (B)(ii) of paragraph (1) shall be 
        subject to the following requirements:
                  (A) Grant amounts.--Except as otherwise 
                provided in subparagraph (C) and subject to 
                subparagraph (B), each intermediary that 
                receives a loan under subparagraph (B)(i) of 
                paragraph (1) shall be eligible to receive a 
                grant to provide marketing, management, and 
                technical assistance to small business concerns 
                that are borrowers under this subsection. 
                Except as provided in subparagraph (C), each 
                intermediary meeting the requirements of 
                subparagraph (B) may receive a grant of not 
                more than 25 percent of the total outstanding 
                balance of loans made to it under this 
                subsection.
                  (B) Contribution.--As a condition of a grant 
                made under subparagraph (A), the Administrator 
                shall require the intermediary to contribute an 
                amount equal to 25 percent of the amount of the 
                grant, obtained solely from non-Federal 
                sources. In addition to cash or other direct 
                funding, the contribution may include indirect 
                costs or in-kind contributions paid for under 
                non-Federal programs.
                  (C) Additional technical assistance grants 
                for making certain loans.--
                          (i) In general.--In addition to 
                        grants made under subparagraph (A), 
                        each intermediary shall be eligible to 
                        receive a grant equal to 5 percent of 
                        the total outstanding balance of loans 
                        made to the intermediary under this 
                        subsection if--
                                  (I) the intermediary provides 
                                not less than 25 percent of its 
                                loans to small business 
                                concerns located in or owned by 
                                one or more residents of an 
                                economically distressed area; 
                                or
                                  (II) the intermediary has a 
                                portfolio of loans made under 
                                this subsection that averages 
                                not more than $10,000 during 
                                the period of the 
                                intermediary's participation in 
                                the program.
                          (ii) Purposes.--A grant awarded under 
                        clause (i) may be used to provide 
                        marketing, management, and technical 
                        assistance to small business concerns 
                        that are borrowers under this 
                        subsection.
                          (iii) Contribution exception.--The 
                        contribution requirements in 
                        subparagraph (B) do not apply to grants 
                        made under this subparagraph.
                  (D) Eligibility for multiple sites or 
                offices.--The eligibility for a grant described 
                in subparagraph (A) or (C) shall be determined 
                separately for each loan-making site or office 
                of 1 intermediary.
                  (E) Assistance to certain small business 
                concerns.--
                          (i) In general.--Each intermediary 
                        may expend an amount not to exceed 50 
                        percent of the grant funds received 
                        under paragraph (1)(B)(ii) to provide 
                        information and technical assistance to 
                        small business concerns that are 
                        prospective borrowers under this 
                        subsection.
                          (ii) Technical assistance.--An 
                        intermediary may expend not more than 
                        50 percent of the funds received under 
                        paragraph (1)(B)(ii) to enter into 
                        third party contracts for the provision 
                        of technical assistance.
                  (F) Supplemental grant.--
                          (i) In general.--The Administration 
                        may accept any funds transferred to the 
                        Administration from other departments 
                        or agencies of the Federal Government 
                        to make grants in accordance with this 
                        subparagraph and section 202(b) of the 
                        Small Business Reauthorization Act of 
                        1997 to participating intermediaries 
                        and technical assistance providers 
                        under paragraph (5), for use in 
                        accordance with clause (iii) to provide 
                        additional technical assistance and 
                        related services to recipients of 
                        assistance under a State program 
                        described in paragraph (1)(A)(iv) at 
                        the time they initially apply for 
                        assistance under this subparagraph.
                          (ii) Eligible recipients; grant 
                        amounts.--In making grants under this 
                        subparagraph, the Administration may 
                        select, from among participating 
                        intermediaries and technical assistance 
                        providers described in clause (i), not 
                        more than 20 grantees in fiscal year 
                        1998, not more than 25 grantees in 
                        fiscal year 1999, and not more than 30 
                        grantees in fiscal year 2000, each of 
                        whom may receive a grant under this 
                        subparagraph in an amount not to exceed 
                        $200,000 per year.
                          (iii) Use of grant amounts.--Grants 
                        under this subparagraph--
                                  (I) are in addition to other 
                                grants provided under this 
                                subsection and shall not 
                                require the contribution of 
                                matching amounts as a condition 
                                of eligibility; and
                                  (II) may be used by a 
                                grantee--
                                          (aa) to pay or 
                                        reimburse a portion of 
                                        child care and 
                                        transportation costs of 
                                        recipients of 
                                        assistance described in 
                                        clause (i), to the 
                                        extent such costs are 
                                        not otherwise paid by 
                                        State block grants 
                                        under the Child Care 
                                        Development Block Grant 
                                        Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
                                        9858 et seq.) or under 
                                        part A of title IV of 
                                        the Social Security Act 
                                        (42 U.S.C. 601 et 
                                        seq.); and
                                          (bb) for marketing, 
                                        management, and 
                                        technical assistance to 
                                        recipients of 
                                        assistance described in 
                                        clause (i).
                          (iv) Memorandum of understanding.--
                        Prior to accepting any transfer of 
                        funds under clause (i) from a 
                        department or agency of the Federal 
                        Government, the Administration shall 
                        enter into a Memorandum of 
                        Understanding with the department or 
                        agency, which shall--
                                  (I) specify the terms and 
                                conditions of the grants under 
                                this subparagraph; and
                                  (II) provide for appropriate 
                                monitoring of expenditures by 
                                each grantee under this 
                                subparagraph and each recipient 
                                of assistance described in 
                                clause (i) who receives 
                                assistance from a grantee under 
                                this subparagraph, in order to 
                                ensure compliance with this 
                                subparagraph by those grantees 
                                and recipients of assistance.
          (5) Private sector borrowing technical assistance 
        grants.--Grants made in accordance with subparagraph 
        (B)(iii) of paragraph (1) shall be subject to the 
        following requirements:
                  (A) Grant amounts.--Subject to the 
                requirements of subparagraph (B), the 
                Administration may make not more than 55 grants 
                annually, each in amounts not to exceed 
                $200,000 for the purposes specified in 
                subparagraph (B)(iii) of paragraph (1).
                  (B) Contribution.--As a condition of any 
                grant made under subparagraph (A), the 
                Administration shall require the grant 
                recipient to contribute an amount equal to 20 
                percent of the amount of the grant, obtained 
                solely from non-Federal sources. In addition to 
                cash or other direct funding, the contribution 
                may include indirect costs or in-kind 
                contributions paid for under non-Federal 
                programs.
          (6) Loans to small business concerns from eligible 
        intermediaries.--
                  (A) In general.--An eligible intermediary 
                shall make short-term, fixed rate loans to 
                startup, newly established, and growing small 
                business concerns from the funds made available 
                to it under subparagraph (B)(i) of paragraph 
                (1) for working capital and the acquisition of 
                materials, supplies, furniture, fixtures, and 
                equipment.
                  (B) Portfolio requirement.--To the extent 
                practicable, each intermediary that operates a 
                microloan program under this subsection shall 
                maintain a microloan portfolio with an average 
                loan size of not more than $15,000.
                  (C) Interest limit.--Notwithstanding any 
                provision of the laws of any State or the 
                constitution of any State pertaining to the 
                rate or amount of interest that may be charged, 
                taken, received, or reserved on a loan, the 
                maximum rate of interest to be charged on a 
                microloan funded under this subsection shall 
                not exceed the rate of interest applicable to a 
                loan made to an intermediary by the 
                Administration--
                          (i) in the case of a loan of more 
                        than $7,500 made by the intermediary to 
                        a small business concern or 
                        entrepreneur by more than 7.75 
                        percentage points; and
                          (ii) in the case of a loan of not 
                        more than $7,500 made by the 
                        intermediary to a small business 
                        concern or entrepreneur by more than 
                        8.5 percentage points.
                  (D) Review restriction.--The Administration 
                shall not review individual microloans made by 
                intermediaries prior to approval.
                  (E) Establishment of child care or 
                transportation businesses.--In addition to 
                other eligible small businesses concerns, 
                borrowers under any program under this 
                subsection may include individuals who will use 
                the loan proceeds to establish for-profit or 
                nonprofit child care establishments or 
                businesses providing for-profit transportation 
                services.
          (7) Program funding for microloans.--
                  (A) Number of participants.--Under the 
                program authorized by this subsection, the 
                Administration may fund, on a competitive 
                basis, not more than 300 intermediaries.
                  (B) Allocation.--
                          (i) Minimum allocation.--Subject to 
                        the availability of appropriations, of 
                        the total amount of new loan funds made 
                        available for award under this 
                        subsection in each fiscal year, the 
                        Administration shall make available for 
                        award in each State (including the 
                        District of Columbia, the Commonwealth 
                        of Puerto Rico, the United States 
                        Virgin Islands, Guam, and American 
                        Samoa) an amount equal to the sum of--
                                  (I) the lesser of--
                                          (aa) $800,000; or
                                          (bb) \1/55\ of the 
                                        total amount of new 
                                        loan funds made 
                                        available for award 
                                        under this subsection 
                                        for that fiscal year; 
                                        and
                                  (II) any additional amount, 
                                as determined by the 
                                Administration.
                          (ii) Redistribution.--If, at the 
                        beginning of the third quarter of a 
                        fiscal year, the Administration 
                        determines that any portion of the 
                        amount made available to carry out this 
                        subsection is unlikely to be made 
                        available under clause (i) during that 
                        fiscal year, the Administration may 
                        make that portion available for award 
                        in any one or more States (including 
                        the District of Columbia, the 
                        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United 
                        States Virgin Islands, Guam, and 
                        American Samoa) without regard to 
                        clause (i).
          (8) Equitable distribution of intermediaries.--In 
        approving microloan program applicants and providing 
        funding to intermediaries under this subsection, the 
        Administration shall select and provide funding to such 
        intermediaries as will ensure appropriate availability 
        of loans for small businesses in all industries located 
        throughout each State, particularly those located in 
        urban and in rural areas.
          (9) Grants for management, marketing, technical 
        assistance, and related services.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administration may 
                procure technical assistance for intermediaries 
                participating in the Microloan Program to 
                ensure that such intermediaries have the 
                knowledge, skills, and understanding of 
                microlending practices necessary to operate 
                successful microloan programs.
                  (B) Assistance amount.--The Administration 
                shall transfer 7 percent of its annual 
                appropriation for loans and loan guarantees 
                under this subsection to the Administration's 
                Salaries and Expense Account for the specific 
                purpose of providing 1 or more technical 
                assistance grants to experienced microlending 
                organizations and national and regional 
                nonprofit organizations that have demonstrated 
                experience in providing training support for 
                microenterprise development and financing. to 
                achieve the purpose set forth in subparagraph 
                (A).
                  (C) Welfare-to-work microloan initiative.--Of 
                amounts made available to carry out the 
                welfare-to-work microloan initiative under 
                paragraph (1)(A)(iv) in any fiscal year, the 
                Administration may use not more than 5 percent 
                to provide technical assistance, either 
                directly or through contractors, to welfare-to-
                work microloan initiative grantees, to ensure 
                that, as grantees, they have the knowledge, 
                skills, and understanding of microlending and 
                welfare-to-work transition, and other related 
                issues, to operate a successful welfare-to-work 
                microloan initiative.
          (10) Report to congress.--On November 1, 1995, the 
        Administration shall submit to the Committees on Small 
        Business of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a report, including the Administration's evaluation of 
        the effectiveness of the first 3\1/2\ years of the 
        microloan program and the following:
                  (A) the numbers and locations of the 
                intermediaries funded to conduct microloan 
                programs;
                  (B) the amounts of each loan and each grant 
                to intermediaries;
                  (C) a description of the matching 
                contributions of each intermediary;
                  (D) the numbers and amounts of microloans 
                made by the intermediaries to small business 
                concern borrowers;
                  (E) the repayment history of each 
                intermediary;
                  (F) a description of the loan portfolio of 
                each intermediary including the extent to which 
                it provides microloans to small business 
                concerns in rural areas; and
                  (G) any recommendations for legislative 
                changes that would improve program operations.
          (11) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection--
                  (A) the term ``intermediary'' means--
                          (i) a private, nonprofit entity;
                          (ii) a private, nonprofit community 
                        development corporation;
                          (iii) a consortium of private, 
                        nonprofit organizations or nonprofit 
                        community development corporations;
                          (iv) a quasi-governmental economic 
                        development entity (such as a planning 
                        and development district), other than a 
                        State, county, municipal government, or 
                        any agency thereof, if--
                                  (I) no application is 
                                received from an eligible 
                                nonprofit organization; or
                                  (II) the Administration 
                                determines that the needs of a 
                                region or geographic area are 
                                not adequately served by an 
                                existing, eligible nonprofit 
                                organization that has submitted 
                                an application; or
                          (v) an agency of or nonprofit entity 
                        established by a Native American Tribal 
                        Government,
                that seeks to borrow or has borrowed funds from 
                the Administration to make microloans to small 
                business concerns under this subsection;
                  (B) the term ``microloan'' means a short-
                term, fixed rate loan of not more than $50,000, 
                made by an intermediary to a startup, newly 
                established, or growing small business concern;
                  (C) the term ``rural area'' means any 
                political subdivision or unincorporated area--
                          (i) in a nonmetropolitan county (as 
                        defined by the Secretary of 
                        Agriculture) or its equivalent thereof; 
                        or
                          (ii) in a metropolitan county or its 
                        equivalent that has a resident 
                        population of less than 20,000 if the 
                        Small Business Administration has 
                        determined such political subdivision 
                        or area to be rural; and
                  (D) the term ``economically distressed 
                area'', as used in paragraph (4), means a 
                county or equivalent division of local 
                government of a State in which the small 
                business concern is located, in which, 
                according to the most recent data available 
                from the Bureau of the Census, Department of 
                Commerce, not less than 40 percent of residents 
                have an annual income that is at or below the 
                poverty level.
          (12) Deferred participation loan pilot.--In lieu of 
        making direct loans to intermediaries as authorized in 
        paragraph (1)(B), during fiscal years 1998 through 
        2000, the Administration may, on a pilot program basis, 
        participate on a deferred basis of not less than 90 
        percent and not more than 100 percent on loans made to 
        intermediaries by a for-profit or nonprofit entity or 
        by alliances of such entities, subject to the following 
        conditions:
                  (A) Number of loans.--In carrying out this 
                paragraph, the Administration shall not 
                participate in providing financing on a 
                deferred basis to more than 10 intermediaries 
                in urban areas or more than 10 intermediaries 
                in rural areas.
                  (B) Term of loans.--The term of each loan 
                shall be 10 years. During the first year of the 
                loan, the intermediary shall not be required to 
                repay any interest or principal. During the 
                second through fifth years of the loan, the 
                intermediary shall be required to pay interest 
                only. During the sixth through tenth years of 
                the loan, the intermediary shall be required to 
                make interest payments and fully amortize the 
                principal.
                  (C) Interest rate.--The interest rate on each 
                loan shall be the rate specified by paragraph 
                (3)(F) for direct loans.
          (13) Evaluation of welfare-to-work microloan 
        initiative.--On January 31, 1999, and annually 
        thereafter, the Administration shall submit to the 
        Committees on Small Business of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate a report on any monies 
        distributed pursuant to paragraph (4)(F).
  (n) Repayment Deferred for [Active Duty] Active Service 
Reservists.--
          (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                  (A) Active service.--The term ``active 
                service'' has the meaning given that term in 
                section 101(d)(3) of title 10, United States 
                Code.
                  [(A)] (B) Eligible reservist.--The term 
                ``eligible reservist'' means a member of a 
                reserve component of the Armed Forces [ordered 
                to active duty during a period of military 
                conflict] ordered to perform active service for 
                a period of more than 30 consecutive days.
                  [(B)] (C) Essential employee.--The term 
                ``essential employee'' means an individual who 
                is employed by a small business concern and 
                whose managerial or technical expertise is 
                critical to the successful day-to-day 
                operations of that small business concern.
                  [(C) Period of military conflict.--The term 
                ``period of military conflict'' means--
                          [(i) a period of war declared by the 
                        Congress;
                          [(ii) a period of national emergency 
                        declared by the Congress or by the 
                        President; or
                          [(iii) a period of a contingency 
                        operation, as defined in section 101(a) 
                        of title 10, United States Code.]
                  (D) Qualified borrower.--The term ``qualified 
                borrower'' means--
                          (i) an individual who is an eligible 
                        reservist and who received a direct 
                        loan under subsection (a) or (b) before 
                        being ordered to [active duty] active 
                        service; or
                          (ii) a small business concern that 
                        received a direct loan under subsection 
                        (a) or (b) before an eligible 
                        reservist, who is an essential 
                        employee, was ordered to [active duty] 
                        active service.
          (2) Deferral of direct loans.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administration shall, 
                upon written request, defer repayment of 
                principal and interest due on a direct loan 
                made under subsection (a) or (b), if such loan 
                was incurred by a qualified borrower.
                  (B) Period of deferral.--The period of 
                deferral for repayment under this paragraph 
                shall begin on the date on which the eligible 
                reservist is ordered to [active duty] active 
                service and shall terminate on the date that is 
                180 days after the date such eligible reservist 
                is discharged or released from [active duty] 
                active service.
                  (C) Interest rate reduction during 
                deferral.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
                of law, during the period of deferral described 
                in subparagraph (B), the Administration may, in 
                its discretion, reduce the interest rate on any 
                loan qualifying for a deferral under this 
                paragraph.
          (3) Deferral of loan guarantees and other 
        financings.--The Administration shall--
                  (A) encourage intermediaries participating in 
                the program under subsection (m) to defer 
                repayment of a loan made with proceeds made 
                available under that subsection, if such loan 
                was incurred by a small business concern that 
                is eligible to apply for assistance under 
                subsection (b)(3); and
                  (B) not later than 30 days after the date of 
                the enactment of this subsection, establish 
                guidelines to--
                          (i) encourage lenders and other 
                        intermediaries to defer repayment of, 
                        or provide other relief relating to, 
                        loan guarantees under subsection (a) 
                        and financings under section 504 of the 
                        Small Business Investment Act of 1958 
                        that were incurred by small business 
                        concerns that are eligible to apply for 
                        assistance under subsection (b)(3), and 
                        loan guarantees provided under 
                        subsection (m) if the intermediary 
                        provides relief to a small business 
                        concern under this paragraph; and
                          (ii) implement a program to provide 
                        for the deferral of repayment or other 
                        relief to any intermediary providing 
                        relief to a small business borrower 
                        under this paragraph.
  Sec. 8. (a)(1) It shall be the duty of the Administration and 
it is hereby empowered, whenever it determines such action is 
necessary or appropriate--
          (A) to enter into contracts with the United States 
        Government and any department, agency, or officer 
        thereof having procurement powers obligating the 
        Administration to furnish articles, equipment, 
        supplies, services, or materials to the Government or 
        to perform construction work for the Government. In any 
        case in which the Administration certifies to any 
        officer of the Government having procurement powers 
        that the Administration is competent and responsible to 
        perform any specific Government procurement contract to 
        be let by any such officer, such officer shall be 
        authorized in his discretion to let such procurement 
        contract to the Administration upon such terms and 
        conditions as may be agreed upon between the 
        Administration and the procurement officer. Whenever 
        the Administration and such procurement officer fail to 
        agree, the matter shall be submitted for determination 
        to the Secretary or the head of the appropriate 
        department or agency by the Administrator. Not later 
        than 5 days from the date the Administration is 
        notified of a procurement officer's adverse decision, 
        the Administration may notify the contracting officer 
        of the intent to appeal such adverse decision, and 
        within 15 days of such date the Administrator shall 
        file a written request for a reconsideration of the 
        adverse decision with the Secretary of the department 
        or agency head. For the purposes of this subparagraph, 
        a procurement officer's adverse decision includes a 
        decision not to make available for award pursuant to 
        this subsection a particular procurement requirement or 
        the failure to agree on the terms and conditions of a 
        contract to be awarded noncompetitively under the 
        authority of this subsection. Upon receipt of the 
        notice of intent to appeal, the Secretary of the 
        department or the agency head shall suspend further 
        action regarding the procurement until a written 
        decision on the Administrator's request for 
        reconsideration has been issued by such Secretary or 
        agency head, unless such officer makes a written 
        determination that urgent and compelling circumstances 
        which significantly affect interests of the United 
        States will not permit waiting for a reconsideration of 
        the adverse decision. If the Administrator's request 
        for reconsideration is denied, the Secretary of the 
        department or agency head shall specify the reasons why 
        the selected firm was determined to be incapable to 
        perform the procurement requirement, and the findings 
        supporting such determination, which shall be made a 
        part of the contract file for the requirement. A 
        contract may not be awarded under this subsection if 
        the award of the contract would result in a cost to the 
        awarding agency which exceeds a fair market price;
          (B) to arrange for the performance of such 
        procurement contracts by negotiating or otherwise 
        letting subcontracts to socially and economically 
        disadvantaged small business concerns for construction 
        work, services, or the manufacture, supply, assembly of 
        such articles, equipment, supplies, materials, or parts 
        thereof, or servicing or processing in connection 
        therewith, or such management services as may be 
        necessary to enable the Administration to perform such 
        contracts;
                  (C) to make an award to a small business 
                concern owned and controlled by socially and 
                economically disadvantaged individuals which 
                has completed its period of Program 
                Participation as prescribed by section 
                7(j)(15), if--
                          (i) the contract will be awarded as a 
                        result of an offer (including price) 
                        submitted in response to a published 
                        solicitation relating to a competition 
                        conducted pursuant to subparagraph (D); 
                        and
                          (ii) the prospective contract awardee 
                        was a Program Participant eligible for 
                        award of the contract on the date 
                        specified for receipt of offers 
                        contained in the contract solicitation; 
                        and
          (D)(i) A contract opportunity offered for award 
        pursuant to this subsection shall be awarded on the 
        basis of competition restricted to eligible Program 
        Participants if--
                  (I) there is a reasonable expectation that at 
                least two eligible Program Participants will 
                submit offers and that award can be made at a 
                fair market price, and
                  (II) the anticipated award price of the 
                contract (including options) will exceed 
                $5,000,000 in the case of a contract 
                opportunity assigned a standard industrial 
                classification code for manufacturing and 
                $3,000,000 (including options) in the case of 
                all other contract opportunities.
          (ii) The Associate Administrator for Minority Small 
        Business and Capital Ownership Development, on a 
        nondelegable basis, is authorized to approve a request 
        from an agency to award a contract opportunity under 
        this subsection on the basis of a competition 
        restricted to eligible Program Participants even if the 
        anticipated award price is not expected to exceed the 
        dollar amounts specified in clause (i)(II). Such 
        approvals shall be granted only on a limited basis.
  (2) Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (c) of the first 
section of the Act entitled ``An Act requiring contracts for 
the construction, alteration, and repair of any public building 
or public work of the United States to be accompanied by a 
performance bond protecting the United States and by additional 
bond for the protection of persons furnishing material and 
labor for the construction, alteration, or repair of said 
public buildings or public work,'' approved August 24, 1935 (49 
Stat. 793), no small business concern shall be required to 
provide any amount of any bond as a condition or receiving any 
subcontract under this subsection if the Administrator 
determines that such amount is inappropriate for such concern 
in performing such contract: Provided, That the Administrator 
shall exercise the authority granted by the paragraph only if--
          (A) the Administration takes such measures as it 
        deems appropriate for the protection of persons 
        furnishing materials and labor to a small business 
        receiving any benefit pursuant to this paragraph;
          (B) the Administration assists, insofar as 
        practicable, a small business receiving the benefits of 
        this paragraph to develop, within a reasonable period 
        of time, such financial and other capability as may be 
        needed to obtain such bonds as the Administration may 
        subsequently require for the successful completion of 
        any program conducted under the authority of this 
        subsection;
          (C) the Administration finds that such small business 
        is unable to obtain the requisite bond or bonds from a 
        surety and that no surety is willing to issue such bond 
        or bonds subject to the guarantee provisions of Title 
        IV of the Small Business Investment Act of 1958; and
          (D) that small business is determined to be a start-
        up concern and such concern has not been participating 
        in any program conducted under the authority of this 
        subsection for a period exceeding one year.
The authority to waive bonds provided in this paragraph (2) may 
not be exercised after September 30, 1988.
  (3)(A) Any Program Participant selected by the Administration 
to perform a contract to be let noncompetitively pursuant to 
this subsection shall, when practicable, participate in any 
negotiation of the terms and conditions of such contract.
  (B)(i) For purposes of paragraph (1) a ``fair market price'' 
shall be determined by the agency offering the procurement 
requirement to the Administration, in accordance with clauses 
(ii) and (iii).
  (ii) The estimate of a current fair market price for a new 
procurement requirement, or a requirement that does not have a 
satisfactory procurement history, shall be derived from a price 
or cost analysis. Such analysis may take into account 
prevailing market conditions, commercial prices for similar 
products or services, or data obtained from any other agency. 
Such analysis shall consider such cost or pricing data as may 
be timely submitted by the Administration.
  (iii) The estimate of a current fair market price for a 
procurement requirement that has a satisfactory procurement 
history shall be based on recent award prices adjusted to 
insure comparability. Such adjustments shall take into account 
differences in quantities, performance times, plans, 
specifications, transportation costs, packaging and packing 
costs, labor and materials costs, overhead costs, and any other 
additional costs which may be deemed appropriate.
  (C) An agency offering a procurement requirement for 
potential award pursuant to this subsection shall, upon the 
request of the Administration, promptly submit to the 
Administration a written statement detailing the method used by 
the agency to estimate the current fair market price for such 
contract, identifying the information, studies, analyses, and 
other data used by such agency. The agency's estimate of the 
current fair market price (and any supporting data furnished to 
the Administration) shall not be disclosed to any potential 
offeror (other than the Administration).
  (D) A small business concern selected by the Administration 
to perform or negotiate a contract to be let pursuant to this 
subsection may request the Administration to protest the 
agency's estimate of the fair market price for such contract 
pursuant to paragraph (1)(A).
  (4)(A) For purposes of this section, the term ``socially and 
economically disadvantaged small business concern'' means any 
small business concern which meets the requirements of 
subparagraph (B) and--
          (i) which is at least 51 per centum unconditionally 
        owned by--
                  (I) one or more socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals,
                  (II) an economically disadvantaged Indian 
                tribe (or a wholly owned business entity of 
                such tribe), or
                  (III) an economically disadvantaged Native 
                Hawaiian organization, or
          (ii) in the case of any publicly owned business, at 
        least 51 per centum of the stock of which is 
        unconditionally owned by--
                  (I) one or more socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals,
                  (II) an economically disadvantaged Indian 
                tribe (or a wholly owned business entity of 
                such tribe), or
                  (III) an economically disadvantaged Native 
                Hawaiian organization.
  (B) A small business concern meets the requirements of this 
subparagraph if the management and daily business operations of 
such small business concern are controlled by one or more--
          (i) socially and economically disadvantaged 
        individuals described in subparagraph (A)(i)(I) or 
        subparagraph (A)(ii)(I),
          (ii) members of an economically disadvantaged Indian 
        tribe described in subparagraph (A)(i)(II) or 
        subparagraph (A)(ii)(II), or
          (iii) Native Hawaiian organizations described in 
        subparagraph (A)(i)(III) or subparagraph (A)(ii)(III).
  (C) Each Program Participant shall certify, on an annual 
basis, that it meets the requirements of this paragraph 
regarding ownership and control.
  (5) Socially disadvantaged individuals are those who have 
been subjected to racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias 
because of their identity as a member of a group without regard 
to their individual qualities.
  (6)(A) Economically disadvantaged individuals are those 
socially disadvantaged individuals whose ability to compete in 
the free enterprise system has been impaired due to diminished 
capital and credit opportunities as compared to others in the 
same business area who are not socially disadvantaged. In 
determining the degree of diminished credit and capital 
opportunities the Administration shall consider, but not be 
limited to, the assets and net worth of such socially 
disadvantaged individual. In determining the economic 
disadvantage of an Indian tribe, the Administration shall 
consider, where available, information such as the following: 
the per capita income of members of the tribe excluding 
judgment awards, the percentage of the local Indian population 
below the poverty level, and the tribe's access to capital 
markets.
  (B) Each Program Participant shall annually submit to the 
Administration--
          (i) a personal financial statement for each 
        disadvantaged owner;
          (ii) a record of all payments made by the Program 
        Participant to each of its disadvantaged owners or to 
        any person or entity affiliated with such owners; and
          (iii) such other information as the Administration 
        may deem necessary to make the determinations required 
        by this paragraph.
  (C)(i) Whenever, on the basis of information provided by a 
Program Participant pursuant to subparagraph (B) or otherwise, 
the Administration has reason to believe that the standards to 
establish economic disadvantage pursuant to subparagraph (A) 
have not been met, the Administration shall conduct a review to 
determine whether such Program Participant and its 
disadvantaged owners continue to be impaired in their ability 
to compete in the free enterprise system due to diminished 
capital and credit opportunities when compared to other 
concerns in the same business area, which are not socially 
disadvantaged.
  (ii) If the Administration determines, pursuant to such 
review, that a Program Participant and its disadvantaged owners 
are no longer economically disadvantaged for the purpose of 
receiving assistance under this subsection, the Program 
Participant shall be graduated pursuant to section 7(j)(10)(G) 
subject to the right to a hearing as provided for under 
paragraph (9).
  (D)(i) Whenever, on the basis of information provided by a 
Program Participant pursuant to subparagraph (B) or otherwise, 
the Administration has reason to believe that the amount of 
funds or other assets withdrawn from a Program Participant for 
the personal benefit of its disadvantaged owners or any person 
or entity affiliated with such owners may have been unduly 
excessive, the Administration shall conduct a review to 
determine whether such withdrawal of funds or other assets was 
detrimental to the achievement of the targets, objectives, and 
goals contained in such Program Participant's business plan.
  (ii) If the Administration determines, pursuant to such 
review, that funds or other assets have been withdrawn to the 
detriment of the Program Participant's business, the 
Administration shall--
          (I) initiate a proceeding to terminate the Program 
        Participant pursuant to section 7(j)(10)(F), subject to 
        the right to a hearing under paragraph (9); or
          (II) require an appropriate reinvestment of funds or 
        other assets and such other steps as the Administration 
        may deem necessary to ensure the protection of the 
        concern.
  (E) Whenever the Administration computes personal net worth 
for any purpose under this paragraph, it shall exclude from 
such computation--
          (i) the value of investments that disadvantaged 
        owners have in their concerns, except that such value 
        shall be taken into account under this paragraph when 
        comparing such concerns to other concerns in the same 
        business area that are owned by other than socially 
        disadvantaged persons;
          (ii) the equity that disadvantaged owners have in 
        their primary personal residences, except that any 
        portion of such equity that is attributable to unduly 
        excessive withdrawals from a Program Participant or a 
        concern applying for program participation shall be 
        taken into account.
  (7)(A) No small business concern shall be deemed eligible for 
any assistance pursuant to this subsection unless the 
Administration determines that with contract, financial, 
technical, and management support the small business concern 
will be able to perform contracts which may be awarded to such 
concern under paragraph (1)(C) and has reasonable prospects for 
success in competing in the private sector.
  (B) Limitations established by the Administration in its 
regulations and procedures restricting the award of contracts 
pursuant to this subsection to a limited number of standard 
industrial classification codes in an approved business plan 
shall not be applied in a manner that inhibits the logical 
business progression by a participating small business concern 
into areas of industrial endeavor where such concern has the 
potential for success.
  (8) All determinations made pursuant to paragraph (5) with 
respect to whether a group has been subjected to prejudice or 
bias shall be made by the Administrator after consultation with 
the Associate Administrator for Minority Small Business and 
Capital Ownership Development. All other determinations made 
pursuant to paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and (7) shall be made by 
the Associate Administrator for Minority Small Business and 
Capital Ownership Development under the supervision of, and 
responsible to, the Administrator.
  (9)(A) Subject to the provisions of subparagraph (E), the 
Administration, prior to taking any action described in 
subparagraph (B), shall provide the small business concern that 
is the subject of such action, an opportunity for a hearing on 
the record, in accordance with chapter 5 of title 5, United 
States Code.
  (B) The actions referred to in subparagraph (A) are--
          (i) denial of program admission based upon a negative 
        determination pursuant to paragraph (4), (5), or (6);
          (ii) a termination pursuant to section 7(j)(10)(F);
          (iii) a graduation pursuant to section 7(j)(10)(G); 
        and
          (iv) the denial of a request to issue a waiver 
        pursuant to paragraph (21)(B).
  (C) The Administration's proposed action, in any proceeding 
conducted under the authority of this paragraph, shall be 
sustained unless it is found to be arbitrary, capricious, or 
contrary to law.
  (D) A decision rendered pursuant to this paragraph shall be 
the final decision of the Administration and shall be binding 
upon the Administration and those within its employ.
  (E) The adjudicator selected to preside over a proceeding 
conducted under the authority of this paragraph shall decline 
to accept jurisdiction over any matter that--
          (i) does not, on its face, allege facts that, if 
        proven to be true, would warrant reversal or 
        modification of the Administration's position;
          (ii) is untimely filed;
          (iii) is not filed in accordance with the rules of 
        procedure governing such proceedings; or
          (iv) has been decided by or is the subject of an 
        adjudication before a court of competent jurisdiction 
        over such matters.
  (F) Proceedings conducted pursuant to the authority of this 
paragraph shall be completed and a decision rendered, insofar 
as practicable, within ninety days after a petition for a 
hearing is filed with the adjudicating office.
  (10) The Administration shall develop and implement an 
outreach program to inform and recruit small business concerns 
to apply for eligibility for assistance under this subsection. 
Such program shall make a sustained and substantial effort to 
solicit applications for certification from small business 
concerns located in areas of concentrated unemployment or 
underemployment or within labor surplus areas and within States 
having relatively few Program Participants and from small 
disadvantaged business concerns in industry categories that 
have not substantially participated in the award of contracts 
let under the authority of this subsection.
  (11) To the maximum extent practicable, construction 
subcontracts awarded by the Administration pursuant to this 
subsection shall be awarded within the county or State where 
the work is to be performed.
  (12)(A) The Administration shall require each concern 
eligible to receive subcontracts pursuant to this subsection to 
annually prepare and submit to the Administration a capability 
statement. Such statement shall briefly describe such concern's 
various contract performance capabilities and shall contain the 
name and telephone number of the Business Opportunity 
Specialist assigned such concern. The Administration shall 
separate such statements by those primarily dependent upon 
local contract support and those primarily requiring a national 
marketing effort. Statements primarily dependent upon local 
contract support shall be disseminated to appropriate buying 
activities in the marketing area of the concern. The remaining 
statements shall be disseminated to the Directors of Small and 
Disadvantaged Business Utilization for the appropriate agencies 
who shall further distribute such statements to buying 
activities with such agencies that may purchase the types of 
items or services described on the capability statements.
  (B) Contracting activities receiving capability statements 
shall, within 60 days after receipt, contact the relevant 
Business Opportunity Specialist to indicate the number, type, 
and approximate dollar value of contract opportunities that 
such activities may be awarding over the succeeding 12-month 
period and which may be appropriate to consider for award to 
those concerns for which it has received capability statements.
  (C) Each executive agency reporting to the Federal 
Procurement Data System contract actions with an aggregate 
value in excess of $50,000,000 in fiscal year 1988, or in any 
succeeding fiscal year, shall prepare a forecast of expected 
contract opportunities or classes of contract opportunities for 
the next and succeeding fiscal years that small business 
concerns, including those owned and controlled by socially and 
economically disadvantaged individuals, are capable of 
performing. Such forecast shall be periodically revised during 
such year. To the extent such information is available, the 
agency forecasts shall specify:
          (i) The approximate number of individual contract 
        opportunities (and the number of opportunities within a 
        class).
          (ii) The approximate dollar value, or range of dollar 
        values, for each contract opportunity or class of 
        contract opportunities.
          (iii) The anticipated time (by fiscal year quarter) 
        for the issuance of a procurement request.
          (iv) The activity responsible for the award and 
        administration of the contract.
  (D) The head of each executive agency subject to the 
provisions of subparagraph (C) shall within 10 days of 
completion furnish such forecasts to--
          (i) the Director of the Office of Small and 
        Disadvantaged Business Utilization established pursuant 
        to section 15(k) for such agency; and
          (ii) the Administrator.
  (E) The information reported pursuant to subparagraph (D) may 
be limited to classes of items and services for which there are 
substantial annual purchases.
  (F) Such forecasts shall be available to small business 
concerns.
  (13) For purposes of this subsection, the term ``Indian 
tribe'' means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other 
organized group or community of Indians, including any Alaska 
Native village or regional or village corporation (within the 
meaning of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act) which--
          (A) is recognized as eligible for the special 
        programs and services provided by the United States to 
        Indians because of their status as Indians, or
          (B) is recognized as such by the State in which such 
        tribe, band, nation, group, or community resides.
          (14) Limitations on subcontracting.--A concern may 
        not be awarded a contract under this subsection as a 
        small business concern unless the concern agrees to 
        satisfy the requirements of section 46.
  (15) For purposes of this subsection, the term ``Native 
Hawaiian Organization'' means any community service 
organization serving Native Hawaiians in the State of Hawaii 
which--
          (A) is a nonprofit corporation that has filed 
        articles of incorporation with the director (or the 
        designee thereof) of the Hawaii Department of Commerce 
        and Consumer Affairs, or any successor agency,
          (B) is controlled by Native Hawaiians, and
          (C) whose business activities will principally 
        benefit such Native Hawaiians.
  (16)(A) The Administration shall award sole source contracts 
under this section to any small business concern recommended by 
the procuring agency offering the contract opportunity if--
          (i) the Program Participant is determined to be a 
        responsible contractor with respect to performance of 
        such contract opportunity;
          (ii) the award of such contract would be consistent 
        with the Program Participant's business plan; and
          (iii) the award of the contract would not result in 
        the Program Participant exceeding the requirements 
        established by section 7(j)(10)(I).
  (B) To the maximum extent practicable, the Administration 
shall promote the equitable geographic distribution of sole 
source contracts awarded pursuant to this subsection.
  (17)(A) An otherwise responsible business concern that is in 
compliance with the requirements of subparagraph (B) shall not 
be denied the opportunity to submit and have considered its 
offer for any procurement contract, which contract has as its 
principal purpose the supply of a product to be let pursuant to 
this subsection, subsection (m), section 15(a), section 31, or 
section 36, solely because such concern is other than the 
actual manufacturer or processor of the product to be supplied 
under the contract.
  (B) To be in compliance with the requirements referred to in 
subparagraph (A), such a business concern shall--
          (i) be primarily engaged in the wholesale or retail 
        trade;
          (ii) be a small business concern under the numerical 
        size standard for the Standard Industrial 
        Classification Code assigned to the contract 
        solicitation on which the offer is being made;
          (iii) be a regular dealer, as defined pursuant to 
        section 35(a) of title 41, United States Code 
        (popularly referred to as the Walsh-Healey Public 
        Contracts Act), in the product to be offered the 
        Government or be specifically exempted from such 
        section by section 7(j)(13)(C); and
          (iv) represent that it will supply the product of a 
        domestic small business manufacturer or processor, 
        unless a waiver of such requirement is granted--
                  (I) by the Administrator, after reviewing a 
                determination by the contracting officer that 
                no small business manufacturer or processor can 
                reasonably be expected to offer a product 
                meeting the specifications (including period 
                for performance) required of an offeror by the 
                solicitation; or
                  (II) by the Administrator for a product (or 
                class of products), after determining that no 
                small business manufacturer or processor is 
                available to participate in the Federal 
                procurement market.
          (C) Limitation.--This paragraph shall not apply to a 
        contract that has as its principal purpose the 
        acquisition of services or construction.
  (18)(A) No person within the employ of the Administration 
shall, during the term of such employment and for a period of 
two years after such employment has been terminated, engage in 
any activity or transaction specified in subparagraph (B) with 
respect to any Program Participant during such person's term of 
employment, if such person participated personally (either 
directly or indirectly) in decision-making responsibilities 
relating to such Program Participant or with respect to the 
administration of any assistance provided to Program 
Participants generally under this subsection, section 7(j)(10), 
or section 7(a)(20).
  (B) The activities and transactions prohibited by 
subparagraph (A) include--
          (i) the buying, selling, or receiving (except by 
        inheritance) of any legal or beneficial ownership of 
        stock or any other ownership interest or the right to 
        acquire any such interest;
          (ii) the entering into or execution of any written or 
        oral agreement (whether or not legally enforceable) to 
        purchase or otherwise obtain any right or interest 
        described in clause (i); or
          (iii) the receipt of any other benefit or right that 
        may be an incident of ownership.
  (C)(i) The employees designated in clause (ii) shall annually 
submit a written certification to the Administration regarding 
compliance with the requirements of this paragraph.
  (ii) The employees referred to in clause (i) are--
          (I) regional administrators;
          (II) district directors;
          (III) the Associate Administrator for Minority Small 
        Business and Capital Ownership Development;
          (IV) employees whose principal duties relate to the 
        award of contracts or the provision of other assistance 
        pursuant to this subsection or section 7(j)(10); and
          (V) such other employees as the Administrator may 
        deem appropriate.
  (iii) Any present or former employee of the Administration 
who violates this paragraph shall be subject to a civil 
penalty, assessed by the Attorney General, that shall not 
exceed 300 per centum of the maximum amount of gain such 
employee realized or could have realized as a result of 
engaging in those activities and transactions prescribed by 
subparagraph (B).
  (iv) In addition to any other remedy or sanction provided for 
under law or regulation, any person who falsely certifies 
pursuant to clause (i) shall be subject to a civil penalty 
under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 (31 U.S.C. 
3801-3812).
  (19)(A) Any employee of the Administration who has authority 
to take, direct others to take, recommend, or approve any 
action with respect to any program or activity conducted 
pursuant to this subsection or section 7(j), shall not, with 
respect to any such action, exercise or threaten to exercise 
such authority on the basis of the political activity or 
affiliation of any party. Employees of the Administration shall 
expeditiously report to the Inspector General of the 
Administration any such action for which such employee's 
participation has been solicitated or directed.
  (B) Any employee who willfully and knowingly violates 
subparagraph (A) shall be subject to disciplinary action, which 
may consist of separation from service, reduction in grade, 
suspension, or reprimand.
  (C) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any action taken as a 
penalty or other enforcement of a violation of any law, rule, 
or regulation prohibiting or restricting political activity.
  (D) The prohibitions of subparagraph (A), and remedial 
measures provided for under subparagraphs (B) and (C) with 
regard to such prohibitions, shall be in addition to, and not 
in lieu of, any other prohibitions, measures or liabilities 
that may arise under any other provision of law.
  (20)(A) Small business concerns participating in the Program 
under section 7(j)(10) and eligible to receive contracts 
pursuant to this section shall semiannually report to their 
assigned Business Opportunity Specialist the following:
          (i) A listing of any agents, representatives, 
        attorneys, accountants, consultants, and other parties 
        (other than employees) receiving compensation to assist 
        in obtaining a Federal contract for such Program 
        Participant.
          (ii) The amount of compensation received by any 
        person listed under clause (i) during the relevant 
        reporting period and a description of the activities 
        performed in return for such compensation.
  (B) The Business Opportunity Specialist shall promptly review 
and forward such report to the Associate Administrator for 
Minority Small Business and Capital Ownership Development. Any 
report that raises a suspicion of improper activity shall be 
reported immediately to the Inspector General of the 
Administration.
  (C) The failure to submit a report pursuant to the 
requirements of this subsection and applicable regulations 
shall be considered ``good cause'' for the initiation of a 
termination proceeding pursuant to section 7(j)(10)(F).
  (21)(A) Subject to the provisions of subparagraph (B), a 
contract (including options) awarded pursuant to this 
subsection shall be performed by the concern that initially 
received such contract. Notwithstanding the provisions of the 
preceding sentence, if the owner or owners upon whom 
eligibility was based relinquish ownership or control of such 
concern, or enter into any agreement to relinquish such 
ownership or control, such contract or option shall be 
terminated for the convenience of the Government, except that 
no repurchase costs or other damages may be assessed against 
such concerns due solely to the provisions of this 
subparagraph.
  (B) The Administrator may, on a nondelegable basis, waive the 
requirements of subparagraph (A) only if one of the following 
conditions exist:
          (i) When it is necessary for the owners of the 
        concern to surrender partial control of such concern on 
        a temporary basis in order to obtain equity financing.
          (ii) The head of the contracting agency for which the 
        contract is being performed certifies that termination 
        of the contract would severely impair attainment of the 
        agency's program objectives or missions;
          (iii) Ownership and control of the concern that is 
        performing the contract will pass to another small 
        business concern that is a program participant, but 
        only if the acquiring firm would otherwise be eligible 
        to receive the award directly pursuant to subsection 
        (a);
          (iv) The individuals upon whom eligibility was based 
        are no longer able to exercise control of the concern 
        due to incapacity or death; or
          (v) When, in order to raise equity capital, it is 
        necessary for the disadvantaged owners of the concern 
        to relinquish ownership of a majority of the voting 
        stock of such concern, but only if--
                  (I) such concern has exited the Capital 
                Ownership Development Program;
                  (II) the disadvantaged owners will maintain 
                ownership of the largest single outstanding 
                block of voting stock (including stock held by 
                affiliated parties); and
                  (III) the disadvantaged owners will maintain 
                control of daily business operations.
          (C) The Administrator may waive the requirements of 
        subparagraph (A) if--
                  (i) in the case of subparagraph (B) (i), (ii) 
                and (iv), he is requested to do so prior to the 
                actual relinquishment of ownership or control; 
                and
                  (ii) in the case of subparagraph (B)(iii), he 
                is requested to do so as soon as possible after 
                the incapacity or death occurs.
  (D) Concerns performing contracts awarded pursuant to this 
subsection shall be required to notify the Administration 
immediately upon entering an agreement (either oral or in 
writing) to transfer all or part of its stock or other 
ownership interest to any other party.
  (E) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the 
purposes of determining ownership and control of a concern 
under this section, any potential ownership interests held by 
investment companies licensed under the Small Business 
Investment Act of 1958 shall be treated in the same manner as 
interests held by the individuals upon whom eligibility is 
based.
  (b) It shall also be the duty of the Administration and it is 
hereby empowered, whenever it determines such action is 
necessary--
          (1)(A) to provide--
                  (i) technical, managerial, and informational 
                aids to small business concerns--
                          (I) by advising and counseling on 
                        matters in connection with Government 
                        procurement and policies, principles, 
                        and practices of good management;
                          (II) by cooperating and advising 
                        with--
                                  (aa) voluntary business, 
                                professional, educational, and 
                                other nonprofit organizations, 
                                associations, and institutions 
                                (except that the Administration 
                                shall take such actions as it 
                                determines necessary to ensure 
                                that such cooperation does not 
                                constitute or imply an 
                                endorsement by the 
                                Administration of the 
                                organization or its products or 
                                services, and shall ensure that 
                                it receives appropriate 
                                recognition in all printed 
                                materials); and
                                  (bb) other Federal and State 
                                agencies;
                          (III) by maintaining a clearinghouse 
                        for information on managing, financing, 
                        and operating small business 
                        enterprises; and
                          (IV) by disseminating such 
                        information, including through 
                        recognition events, and by other 
                        activities that the Administration 
                        determines to be appropriate; and
                  (ii) through cooperation with a profit-making 
                concern (referred to in this paragraph as a 
                ``cosponsor''), training, information, and 
                education to small business concerns, except 
                that the Administration shall--
                          (I) take such actions as it 
                        determines to be appropriate to ensure 
                        that--
                                  (aa) the Administration 
                                receives appropriate 
                                recognition and publicity;
                                  (bb) the cooperation does not 
                                constitute or imply an 
                                endorsement by the 
                                Administration of any product 
                                or service of the cosponsor;
                                  (cc) unnecessary promotion of 
                                the products or services of the 
                                cosponsor is avoided; and
                                  (dd) utilization of any one 
                                cosponsor in a marketing area 
                                is minimized; and
                          (II) develop an agreement, executed 
                        on behalf of the Administration by an 
                        employee of the Administration in 
                        Washington, the District of Columbia, 
                        that provides, at a minimum, that--
                                  (aa) any printed material to 
                                announce the cosponsorship or 
                                to be distributed at the 
                                cosponsored activity, shall be 
                                approved in advance by the 
                                Administration;
                                  (bb) the terms and conditions 
                                of the cooperation shall be 
                                specified;
                                  (cc) only minimal charges may 
                                be imposed on any small 
                                business concern to cover the 
                                direct costs of providing the 
                                assistance;
                                  (dd) the Administration may 
                                provide to the cosponsorship 
                                mailing labels, but not lists 
                                of names and addresses of small 
                                business concerns compiled by 
                                the Administration;
                                  (ee) all printed materials 
                                containing the names of both 
                                the Administration and the 
                                cosponsor shall include a 
                                prominent disclaimer that the 
                                cooperation does not constitute 
                                or imply an endorsement by the 
                                Administration of any product 
                                or service of the cosponsor; 
                                and
                                  (ff) the Administration shall 
                                ensure that it receives 
                                appropriate recognition in all 
                                cosponsorship printed 
                                materials.
          (B) To establish, conduct, and publicize, and to 
        recruit, select, and train volunteers for (and to enter 
        into contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements 
        therefor), volunteer programs, including a Service 
        Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE) and an Active Corps 
        of Executive (ACE) for the purposes of section 
        8(b)(1)(A) of this Act. To facilitate the 
        implementation of such volunteer programs the 
        Administration shall maintain at its headquarters and 
        pay the salaries, benefits, and expenses of a volunteer 
        and professional staff to manage and oversee the 
        program. Any such payments made pursuant to this 
        subparagraph shall be effective only to such extent or 
        in such amounts as are provided in advance in 
        appropriation Acts. Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, SCORE may solicit cash and in-kind 
        contributions from the private sector to be used to 
        carry out its functions under this Act, and may use 
        payments made by the Administration pursuant to this 
        subparagraph for such solicitation and the management 
        of the contributions received.
          (C) To allow any individual or group of persons 
        participating with it in furtherance of the purposes of 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) to use the Administration's 
        office facilities and related material and services as 
        the Administration deems appropriate, including 
        clerical and stenographic service:
                  (i) such volunteers, while carrying out 
                activities under section 8(b)(1) of this Act 
                shall be deemed Federal employees for the 
                purposes of the Federal tort claims provisions 
                in title 28, United States Code; and for the 
                purposes of subchapter I of chapter 81 of title 
                5, United States Code (relative to compensation 
                to Federal employees for work injuries) shall 
                be deemed civil employees of the United States 
                within the meaning of the term ``employee'' as 
                defined in section 8101 of title 5, United 
                States Code, and the provisions of that 
                subchapter shall apply except that in computing 
                compensation benefits for disability or death, 
                the monthly pay of a volunteer shall be deemed 
                that received under the entrance salary for a 
                grade GS-11 employee:
                  (ii) the Administrator is authorized to 
                reimburse such volunteers for all necessary 
                out-of-pocket expenses incident to their 
                provision of services under this Act, or in 
                connection with attendance at meetings 
                sponsored by the Administration, or for the 
                cost of malpractice insurance, as the 
                Administrator shall determine, in accordance 
                with regulations which he or she shall 
                prescribe, and, while they are carrying out 
                such activities away from their homes or 
                regular places of business, for travel expenses 
                (including per diem in lieu of subsistence) as 
                authorized by section 5703 of title 5, United 
                States Code, for individuals serving without 
                pay; and
                  (iii) such volunteers shall in no way provide 
                services to a client of such Administration 
                with a delinquent loan outstanding, except upon 
                a specific request signed by such client for 
                assistance in connection with such matter.
          (D) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no 
        payment for supportive services or reimbursement of 
        out-of-pocket expenses made to persons serving pursuant 
        to section 8(b)(1) of this Act shall be subject to any 
        tax or charge or be treated as wages or compensation 
        for the purposes of unemployment, disability, 
        retirement, public assistance, or similar benefit 
        payments, or minimum wage laws.
          (E) In carrying out its functions under subparagraph 
        (A), to make grants (including contracts and 
        cooperative agreements) to any public or private 
        institution of higher education for the establishment 
        and operation of a small business institute, which 
        shall be used to provide business counseling and 
        assistance to small business concerns through the 
        activities of students enrolled at the institution, 
        which students shall be entitled to receive educational 
        credits for their activities.
          (F) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and 
        pursuant to regulations which the Administrator shall 
        provide, counsel may be employed and counsel fees, 
        court costs, bail, and other expenses incidental to the 
        defense of volunteers may be paid in judicial or 
        Administrative proceedings arising directly out of the 
        performance of activities pursuant to section 8(b)(1) 
        of this Act, as amended (15 U.S.C. 637(b)(1)) to which 
        volunteers have been made parties.
          (G) In carrying out its functions under this Act and 
        to carry out the activities authorized by title IV of 
        the Women's Business Ownership Act of 1988, the 
        Administration is authorized to accept, in the name of 
        the Administration, and employ or dispose of in 
        furtherance of the purposes of this Act, any money or 
        property, real, personal, or mixed, tangible, or 
        intangible, received by gift, devise, bequest, or 
        otherwise; and, further, to accept gratuitous services 
        and facilities.
          (2) to make a complete inventory of all productive 
        facilities of small-business concerns or to arrange for 
        such inventory to be made by any other governmental 
        agency which has the facilities. In making any such 
        inventory, the appropriate agencies in the several 
        States may be requested to furnish an inventory of the 
        productive facilities of small-business concerns in 
        each respective State if such an inventory is available 
        or in prospect;
          (3) to coordinate and to ascertain the means by which 
        the productive capacity of small-business concerns can 
        be most effectively utilized;
          (4) to consult and cooperative with officers of the 
        Government having procurement or property disposal 
        powers, in order to utilize the potential productive 
        capacity of plants operated by small-business concerns;
          (5) to obtain information as to methods and practices 
        which Government prime contractors utilize in letting 
        subcontracts and to take action to encourage the 
        letting of subcontracts by prime contractors to small-
        business concerns at prices and on conditions and terms 
        which are fair and equitable;
          (6) to determine within any industry the concerns, 
        firms, persons, corporations, partnerships, 
        cooperatives, or other business enterprises which are 
        to be designated ``small-business concerns'' for the 
        purpose of effectuating the provisions of this Act. To 
        carry out this purpose the Administrator, when 
        requested to do so, shall issue in response to each 
        such request an appropriate certificate certifying an 
        individual concern as a ``small-business concern'' in 
        accordance with the criteria expressed in this Act. Any 
        such certificate shall be subject to revocation when 
        the concern covered thereby ceases to be a ``small-
        business concern.'' Offices of the Government having 
        procurement or lending powers, or engaging in the 
        disposal of Federal property or allocating materials or 
        supplies, or promulgating regulations affecting the 
        distribution of materials or supplies, shall accept as 
        conclusive the Administration's determination as to 
        which enterprises are to be designated ``small-business 
        concerns'', as authorized and directed under this 
        paragraph;
          (7)(A) to certify to Government procurement officers, 
        and officers engaged in the sale and disposal of 
        Federal property, with respect to all elements of 
        responsibility, including, but not limited to, 
        capability, competency, capacity, credit, integrity, 
        perseverance, and tenacity, of any small business 
        concern or group of such concerns to receive and 
        perform a specific Government contract. A Government 
        procurement officer or an officer engaged in the sale 
        and disposal of Federal property may not, for any 
        reason specified in the preceding sentence, preclude 
        any small business concern or group of such concerns 
        from being awarded such contract without referring the 
        matter for a final disposition to the Administration.
          (B) if a Government procurement officer finds that an 
        otherwise qualified small business concern may be 
        ineligible due to the provisions of section 35(a) of 
        title 41, United States Code (the Walsh-Healey Public 
        Contracts Act), he shall notify the Administration in 
        writing of such finding. The Administration shall 
        review such finding and shall either dismiss it and 
        certify the small business concern to be an eligible 
        Government contractor for a specific Government 
        contract or if it concurs in the finding, forward the 
        matter to the Secretary of Labor for final disposition, 
        in which case the Administration may certify the small 
        business concern only if the Secretary of Labor finds 
        the small business concern not to be in violation.
          (C) in any case in which a small business concern or 
        group of such concerns has been certified by the 
        Administration pursuant to (A) or (B) to be a 
        responsible or eligible Government contractor as to a 
        specific Government contract, the officers of the 
        Government having procurement or property disposal 
        powers are directed to accept such certification as 
        conclusive, and shall let such Government contract to 
        such concern or group of concerns without requiring it 
        to meet any other requirement of responsibility or 
        eligibility. Notwithstanding the first sentence of this 
        subparagraph, the Administration may not establish an 
        exemption from referral or notification or refuse to 
        accept a referral or notification from a Government 
        procurement officer made pursuant to subparagraph (A) 
        or (B) of this paragraph, but nothing in this paragraph 
        shall require the processing of an application for 
        certification if the small business concern to which 
        the referral pertains declines to have the application 
        processed.
          (8) to obtain from any Federal department, 
        establishment, or agency engaged in procurement or in 
        the financing of procurement or production such reports 
        concerning the letting of contracts and subcontracts 
        and the making of loans to business concerns as it may 
        deem pertinent in carrying out its functions under this 
        Act;
          (9) to obtain from any Federal department, 
        establishment, or agency engaged in the disposal of 
        Federal property such reports concerning the 
        solicitation of bids, time of sale, or otherwise as it 
        may deem pertinent in carrying out its functions under 
        this Act;
          (10) to obtain from suppliers of materials 
        information pertaining to the method of filling orders 
        and the bases for allocating their supply, whenever it 
        appears that any small business is unable to obtain 
        materials from its normal sources;
          (11) to make studies and recommendations to the 
        appropriate Federal agencies to insure that a fair 
        proportion of the total purchases and contracts for 
        property and services for the Government be placed with 
        small-business enterprises, to insure that a fair 
        proportion of Government contacts for research and 
        development be placed with small-business concerns, to 
        insure that a fair proportion of the total sales of 
        Government property be made to small-business concerns, 
        and to insure a fair and equitable share of materials, 
        supplies, and equipment to small-business concerns;
          (12) to consult and cooperate with all Government 
        agencies for the purpose of insuring that small-
        business concerns shall receive fair and reasonable 
        treatment from such agencies;
          (13) to establish such advisory boards and committees 
        as may be necessary to achieve the purposes of this Act 
        and of the Small Business Investment Act of 1958; to 
        call meetings of such boards and committees from time 
        to time; to pay the transportation expenses and a per 
        diem allowance in accordance with section 5703 of title 
        5, United States Code, to the members of such boards 
        and committees for travel and subsistence expenses 
        incurred at the request of the Administration in 
        connection with travel to points more than fifty miles 
        distant from the homes of such members in attending the 
        meetings of such boards and committees; and to rent 
        temporarily, within the District of Columbia or 
        elsewhere, such hotel or other accommodations as are 
        needed to facilitate the conduct of such meetings;
          (14) to provide at the earliest practicable time such 
        information and assistance as may be appropriate, 
        including information concerning eligibility for loans 
        under section 7(b)(3), to local public agencies (as 
        defined in section 110(h) of the Housing Act of 1949) 
        and to small-business concerns to be displaced by 
        federally aided urban renewal projects in order to 
        assist such small-business concerns in reestablishing 
        their operations;
          (15) to disseminate, without regard to the provisions 
        of section 3204 of title 39, United States Code, data 
        and information, in such form as it shall deem 
        appropriate, to public agencies, private organizations, 
        and the general public;
          (16) to make studies of matters materially affecting 
        the competitive strength of small business, and of the 
        effect on small business of Federal laws, programs, and 
        regulations, and to make recommendations to the 
        appropriate Federal agency or agencies for the 
        adjustment of such programs and regulations to the 
        needs of small business; and
          (17) to make grants to, and enter into contracts and 
        cooperative agreements with, educational institutions, 
        private businesses, veterans' nonprofit community-based 
        organizations, and Federal, State, and local 
        departments and agencies for the establishment and 
        implementation of outreach programs for disabled 
        veterans (as defined in section 4211(3) of title 38, 
        United States Code), veterans, and members of a reserve 
        component of the Armed Forces.
  (c) [Reserved.]
  (d)(1) It is the policy of the United States that small 
business concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled 
by veterans, small business concerns owned and controlled by 
service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small business 
concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled by 
socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, and small 
business concerns owned and controlled by women, shall have the 
maximum practicable opportunity to participate in the 
performance of contracts let by any Federal agency, including 
contracts and subcontracts for subsystems, assemblies, 
components, and related services for major systems. It is 
further the policy of the United States that its prime 
contractors establish procedures to ensure the timely payment 
of amounts due pursuant to the terms of their subcontracts with 
small business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
controlled by veterans, small business concerns owned and 
controlled by service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
small business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged 
individuals, and small business concerns owned and controlled 
by women.
  (2) The clause stated in paragraph (3) shall be included in 
all contracts let by any Federal agency except any contract 
which--
          (A) does not exceed the simplified acquisition 
        threshold;
          (B) including all subcontracts under such contracts 
        will be performed entirely outside of any State, 
        territory, or possession of the United States, the 
        District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto 
        Rico; or
          (C) is for services which are personal in nature.
  (3) The clause required by paragraph (2) shall be as follows:
          (A) It is the policy of the United States that small 
        business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by veterans, small business concerns owned 
        and controlled by service-disabled veterans, qualified 
        HUBZone small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
        economically disadvantaged individuals, and small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by women shall 
        have the maximum practicable opportunity to participate 
        in the performance of contracts let by any Federal 
        agency, including contracts and subcontracts for 
        subsystems, assemblies, components, and related 
        services for major systems. It is further the policy of 
        the United States that its prime contractors establish 
        procedures to ensure the timely payment of amounts due 
        pursuant to the terms of their subcontracts with small 
        business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by veterans, small business concerns owned 
        and controlled by service-disabled veterans, qualified 
        HUBZone small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
        economically disadvantaged individuals, and small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by women.
          (B) The contractor hereby agrees to carry out this 
        policy in the awarding of subcontracts to the fullest 
        extent consistent with the efficient performance of 
        this contract. The contractor further agrees to 
        cooperate in any studies or surveys as may be conducted 
        by the United States Small Business Administration or 
        the awarding agency of the United States as may be 
        necessary to determine the extent of the contractor's 
        compliance with this clause.
          (C) As used in this contract, the term ``small 
        business concern'' shall mean a small business as 
        defined pursuant to section 3 of the Small Business Act 
        and relevant regulations promulgated pursuant thereto. 
        The term ``small business concern owned and controlled 
        by socially and economically disadvantaged 
        individuals'' shall mean a small business concern--
                  (i) which is at least 51 per centum owned by 
                one or more socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals; or, in the case of 
                any publicly owned business, at least 51 per 
                centum of the stock of which is owned by one or 
                more socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals; and
                  (ii) whose management and daily business 
                operations are controlled by one or more of 
                such individuals.
        The contractor shall presume that socially and 
        economically disadvantaged individuals include Black 
        Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, Asian 
        Pacific Americans, and other minorities, or any other 
        individual found to be disadvantaged by the 
        Administration pursuant to section 8(a) of the Small 
        Business Act.
          (D) The term ``small business concern owned and 
        controlled by women'' shall mean a small business 
        concern--
                  (i) which is at least 51 per centum owned by 
                one or more women; or, in the case of any 
                publicly owned business, at least 51 per centum 
                of the stock of which is owned by one or more 
                women; and
                  (ii) whose management and daily business 
                operations are controlled by one or more women.
          (E) The term ``small business concern owned and 
        controlled by veterans'' shall mean a small business 
        concern--
                  (i) which is at least 51 per centum owned by 
                one or more eligible veterans; or, in the case 
                of any publicly owned business, at least 51 per 
                centum of the stock of which is owned by one or 
                more veterans; and
                  (ii) whose management and daily business 
                operations are controlled by such veterans. The 
                contractor shall treat as veterans all 
                individuals who are veterans within the meaning 
                of the term under section 3(q) of the Small 
                Business Act.
          (F) Contractors acting in good faith may rely on 
        written representations by their subcontractors 
        regarding their status as either a small business 
        concern, small business concern owned and controlled by 
        veterans, small business concern owned and controlled 
        by service-disabled veterans, a small business concern 
        owned and controlled by socially and economically 
        disadvantaged individuals, or a small business concern 
        owned and controlled by women.
          (G) In this contract, the term ``qualified HUBZone 
        small business concern'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 3(p) of the Small Business Act.
          (H) In this contract, the term ``small business 
        concern owned and controlled by service-disabled 
        veterans'' has the meaning given that term in section 
        3(q).
  (4)(A) Each solicitation of an offer for a contract to be let 
by a Federal agency which is to be awarded pursuant to the 
negotiated method of procurement and which may exceed 
$1,000,000, in the case of a contract for the construction of 
any public facility, or $500,000, in the case of all other 
contracts, shall contain a clause notifying potential offering 
companies of the provisions of this subsection relating to 
contracts awarded pursuant to the negotiated method of 
procurement.
  (B) Before the award of any contract to be let, or any 
amendment or modification to any contract let, by any Federal 
agency which--
          (i) is to be awarded, or was let, pursuant to the 
        negotiated method of procurement,
          (ii) is required to include the clause stated in 
        paragraph (3),
          (iii) may exceed $1,000,000 in the case of a contract 
        for the construction of any public facility, or 
        $500,000 in the case of all other contracts, and
          (iv) which offers subcontracting possibilities,
the apparent successful offeror shall negotiate with the 
procurement authority a subcontracting plan which incorporates 
the information prescribed in paragraph (6). The subcontracting 
plan shall be included in and made a material part of the 
contract.
  (C) If, within the time limit prescribed in regulations of 
the Federal agency concerned, the apparent successful offeror 
fails to negotiate the subcontracting plan required by this 
paragraph, such offeror shall become ineligible to be awarded 
the contract. Prior compliance of the offeror with other such 
subcontracting plans shall be considered by the Federal agency 
in determining the responsibility of that offeror for the award 
of the contract.
  (D) No contract shall be awarded to any offeror unless the 
procurement authority determines that the plan to be negotiated 
by the offeror pursuant to this paragraph provides the maximum 
practicable opportunity for small business concerns, qualified 
HUBZone small business concerns, small business concerns owned 
and controlled by veterans, small business concerns owned and 
controlled by service-disabled veterans, small business 
concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically 
disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns owned 
and controlled by women to participate in the performance of 
the contract.
  (E) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, every 
Federal agency, in order to encourage subcontracting 
opportunities for small business concerns, small business 
concerns owned and controlled by veterans, small business 
concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans, 
qualified HUBZone small business concerns, and small business 
concerns owned and controlled by the socially and economically 
disadvantaged individuals as defined in paragraph (3) of this 
subsection and for small business concerns owned and controlled 
by women, is hereby authorized to provide such incentives as 
such Federal agency may deem appropriate in order to encourage 
such subcontracting opportunities as may be commensurate with 
the efficient and economical performance of the contact: 
Provided, That, this subparagraph shall apply only to contracts 
let pursuant to the negotiated method of procurement.
  (F)(i) Each contract subject to the requirements of this 
paragraph or paragraph (5) shall contain a clause for the 
payment of liquidated damages upon a finding that a prime 
contractor has failed to make a good faith effort to comply 
with the requirements imposed on such contractor by this 
subsection.
  (ii) The contractor shall be afforded an opportunity to 
demonstrate a good faith effort regarding compliance prior to 
the contracting officer's final decision regarding the 
impositon of damages and the amount thereof. The final decision 
of a contracting officer regarding the contractor's obligation 
to pay such damages, or the amounts thereof, shall be subject 
to the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 601-613).
  (iii) Each agency shall ensure that the goals offered by the 
apparent successful bidder or offeror are attainable in 
relation to--
          (I) the subcontracting opportunities available to the 
        contractor, commensurate with the efficient and 
        economical performance of the contract;
          (II) the pool of eligible subcontractors available to 
        fulfill the subcontracting opportunities; and
          (III) the actual performance of such contractor in 
        fulfilling the subcontracting goals specified in prior 
        plans.
          (G) The following factors shall be designated by the 
        Federal agency as significant factors for purposes of 
        evaluating offers for a bundled contract where the head 
        of the agency determines that the contract offers a 
        significant opportunity for subcontracting:
                  (i) A factor that is based on the rate 
                provided under the subcontracting plan for 
                small business participation in the performance 
                of the contract.
                  (ii) For the evaluation of past performance 
                of an offeror, a factor that is based on the 
                extent to which the offeror attained applicable 
                goals for small business participation in the 
                performance of contracts.
  (5)(A) Each solicitation of a bid for any contract to be let, 
or any amendment or modification to any contract let, by any 
Federal agency which--
          (i) is to be awarded pursuant to the formal 
        advertising method of procurement,
          (ii) is required to contain the clause stated in 
        paragraph (3) of this subsection,
          (iii) may exceed $1,000,000 in the case of a contract 
        for the construction of any public facility, or 
        $500,000, in the case of all other contracts, and
          (iv) offers subcontracting possibilities,
shall contain a clause requiring any bidder who is selected to 
be awarded a contract to submit to the Federal agency concerned 
a subcontracting plan which incorporates the information 
prescribed in paragraph (6).
  (B) If, within the time limit prescribed in regulations of 
the Federal agency concerned, the bidder selected to be awarded 
the contract fails to submit the subcontracting plan required 
by this paragraph, such bidder shall become ineligible to be 
awarded the contract. Prior compliance of the bidder with other 
such subcontracting plans shall be considered by the Federal 
agency in determining the responsibility of such bidder for the 
award of the contract. The subcontracting plan of the bidder 
awarded the contract shall be included in and made a material 
part of the contract.
  (6) Each subcontracting plan required under paragraph (4) or 
(5) shall include--
          (A) percentage goals for the utilization as 
        subcontractors of small business concerns, small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by veterans, 
        small business concerns owned and controlled by 
        service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small 
        business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged 
        individuals, and small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by women;
          (B) the name of an individual within the employ of 
        the offeror or bidder who will administer the 
        subcontracting program of the offeror or bidder and a 
        description of the duties of such individual;
          (C) a description of the efforts the offeror or 
        bidder will take to assure that small business 
        concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled 
        by veterans, small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by service-disabled veterans, qualified 
        HUBZone small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
        economically disadvantaged individuals, and small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by women will 
        have an equitable opportunity to compete for 
        subcontracts;
          (D) assurances that the offeror or bidder will 
        include the clause required by paragraph (2) of this 
        subsection in all subcontracts which offer further 
        subcontracting opportunities, and that the offeror or 
        bidder will require all subcontractors (except small 
        business concerns) who receive subcontracts in excess 
        of $1,000,000 in the case of a contract for the 
        construction of any public facility, or in excess of 
        $500,000 in the case of all other contracts, to adopt a 
        plan similar to the plan required under paragraph (4) 
        or (5), and assurances at a minimum that the offeror or 
        bidder, and all subcontractors required to maintain 
        subcontracting plans pursuant to this paragraph, will--
                  (i) review and approve subcontracting plans 
                submitted by their subcontractors;
                  (ii) monitor subcontractor compliance with 
                their approved subcontracting plans;
                  (iii) ensure that subcontracting reports are 
                submitted by their subcontractors when 
                required;
                  (iv) acknowledge receipt of their 
                subcontractors' reports;
                  (v) compare the performance of their 
                subcontractors to subcontracting plans and 
                goals; and
                  (vi) discuss performance with subcontractors 
                when necessary to ensure their subcontractors 
                make a good faith effort to comply with their 
                subcontracting plans;
          (E) assurances that the offeror or bidder will submit 
        such periodic reports and cooperate in any studies or 
        surveys as may be required by the Federal agency or the 
        Administration in order to determine the extent of 
        compliance by the offeror or bidder with the 
        subcontracting plan;
          (F) a recitation of the types of records the 
        successful offeror or bidder will maintain to 
        demonstrate procedures which have been adopted to 
        comply with the requirements and goals set forth in 
        this plan, including the establishment of source lists 
        of small business concerns, small business concerns 
        owned and controlled by veterans, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled 
        veterans, qualified HUBZone small business concerns, 
        small business concerns owned and controlled by 
        socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, 
        and small business concerns owned and controlled by 
        women; and efforts to identify and award subcontracts 
        to such small business concerns;
          (G) a recitation of the types of records the 
        successful offeror or bidder will maintain to 
        demonstrate procedures which have been adopted to 
        ensure subcontractors at all tiers comply with the 
        requirements and goals set forth in the plan 
        established in accordance with subparagraph (D) of this 
        paragraph, including--
                  (i) the establishment of source lists of 
                small business concerns, small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by veterans, 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
                small business concerns, small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
                economically disadvantaged individuals, and 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                women; and
                  (ii) efforts to identify and award 
                subcontracts to such small business concerns; 
                and
          (H) a representation that the offeror or bidder 
        will--
                  (i) make a good faith effort to acquire 
                articles, equipment, supplies, services, or 
                materials, or obtain the performance of 
                construction work from the small business 
                concerns used in preparing and submitting to 
                the contracting agency the bid or proposal, in 
                the same amount and quality used in preparing 
                and submitting the bid or proposal; and
                  (ii) provide to the contracting officer a 
                written explanation if the offeror or bidder 
                fails to acquire articles, equipment, supplies, 
                services, or materials or obtain the 
                performance of construction work as described 
                in clause (i).
          (7) The head of the contracting agency shall ensure 
        that--
                  (A) the agency collects and reports data on 
                the extent to which contractors of the agency 
                meet the goals and objectives set forth in 
                subcontracting plans submitted pursuant to this 
                subsection; and
                  (B) the agency periodically reviews data 
                collected and reported pursuant to subparagraph 
                (A) for the purpose of ensuring that such 
                contractors comply in good faith with the 
                requirements of this subsection and 
                subcontracting plans submitted by the 
                contractors pursuant to this subsection.
  (8) The provisions of paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) shall not 
apply to offerors or bidders who are small business concerns.
          (9) Material breach.--The failure of any contractor 
        or subcontractor to comply in good faith with--
                  (A) the clause contained in paragraph (3) of 
                this subsection,
                  (B) any plan required of such contractor 
                pursuant to the authority of this subsection to 
                be included in its contract or subcontract, or
                  (C) assurances provided under paragraph 
                (6)(E),
        shall be a material breach of such contract or 
        subcontract and may be considered in any past 
        performance evaluation of the contractor.
  (10) Nothing contained in this subsection shall be construed 
to supersede the requirements of Defense Manpower Policy Number 
4A (32A CFR Chap. 1) or any successor policy.
  (11) In the case of contracts within the provisions of 
paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), the Administration is authorized 
to--
          (A) assist Federal agencies and businesses in 
        complying with their responsibilities under the 
        provisions of this subsection, including the 
        formulation of subcontracting plans pursuant to 
        paragraph (4);
          (B) review any solicitation for any contract to be 
        let pursuant to paragraphs (4) and (5) to determine the 
        maximum practicable opportunity for small business 
        concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled 
        by veterans, small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by service-disabled veterans, qualified 
        HUBZone small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
        economically disadvantaged individuals, and small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by women to 
        participate as subcontractors in the performance of any 
        contract resulting from any solicitation, and to submit 
        its findings, which shall be advisory in nature, to the 
        appropriate Federal agency; and
          (C) evaluate compliance with subcontracting plans as 
        a supplement to evaluations performed by the 
        contracting agency, either on a contract-by-contract 
        basis or, in the case of contractors having multiple 
        contracts, on an aggregate basis.
  (12) For purposes of determining the attainment of a 
subcontract utilization goal under any subcontracting plan 
entered into with any executive agency pursuant to this 
subsection, a mentor firm providing development assistance to a 
protege firm under the pilot Mentor-Protege Program established 
pursuant to section 831 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2301 
note) shall be granted credit for such assistance in accordance 
with subsection (g) of such section.
  (13) Payment of Subcontractors.--
          (A) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term 
        ``covered contract'' means a contract relating to which 
        a prime contractor is required to develop a 
        subcontracting plan under paragraph (4) or (5).
          (B) Notice.--
                  (i) In general.--A prime contractor for a 
                covered contract shall notify in writing the 
                contracting officer for the covered contract if 
                the prime contractor pays a reduced price to a 
                subcontractor for goods and services upon 
                completion of the responsibilities of the 
                subcontractor or the payment to a subcontractor 
                is more than 90 days past due for goods or 
                services provided for the covered contract for 
                which the Federal agency has paid the prime 
                contractor.
                  (ii) Contents.--A prime contractor shall 
                include the reason for the reduction in a 
                payment to or failure to pay a subcontractor in 
                any notice made under clause (i).
          (C) Performance.--A contracting officer for a covered 
        contract shall consider the unjustified failure by a 
        prime contractor to make a full or timely payment to a 
        subcontractor in evaluating the performance of the 
        prime contractor.
          (D) Control of funds.--If the contracting officer for 
        a covered contract determines that a prime contractor 
        has a history of unjustified, untimely payments to 
        contractors, the contracting officer shall record the 
        identity of the contractor in accordance with the 
        regulations promulgated under subparagraph (E).
          (E) Regulations.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this paragraph, the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulatory Council established under 
        section 25(a) of the Office of Federal Procurement 
        Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 421(a)) shall amend the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation issued under section 25 of such 
        Act to--
                  (i) describe the circumstances under which a 
                contractor may be determined to have a history 
                of unjustified, untimely payments to 
                subcontractors;
                  (ii) establish a process for contracting 
                officers to record the identity of a contractor 
                described in clause (i); and
                  (iii) require the identity of a contractor 
                described in clause (i) to be incorporated in, 
                and made publicly available through, the 
                Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity 
                Information System, or any successor thereto.
          (14) An offeror for a covered contract that intends 
        to identify a small business concern as a potential 
        subcontractor in a bid or proposal for the contract, or 
        in a plan submitted pursuant to this subsection in 
        connection with the contract, shall notify the small 
        business concern prior to making such identification.
          (15) The Administrator shall establish a reporting 
        mechanism that allows a subcontractor or potential 
        subcontractor to report fraudulent activity or bad 
        faith by a contractor with respect to a subcontracting 
        plan submitted pursuant to this subsection.
  (16) Credit for Certain Subcontractors.--
          (A) For purposes of determining whether or not a 
        prime contractor has attained the percentage goals 
        specified in paragraph (6)--
                  (i) if the subcontracting goals pertain only 
                to a single contract with the executive agency, 
                the prime contractor shall receive credit for 
                small business concerns performing as first 
                tier subcontractors or subcontractors at any 
                tier pursuant to the subcontracting plans 
                required under paragraph (6)(D) in an amount 
                equal to the dollar value of work awarded to 
                such small business concerns; and
                  (ii) if the subcontracting goals pertain to 
                more than one contract with one or more 
                executive agencies, or to one contract with 
                more than one executive agency, the prime 
                contractor may only count first tier 
                subcontractors that are small business 
                concerns.
          (B) Nothing in this paragraph shall abrogate the 
        responsibility of a prime contractor to make a good-
        faith effort to achieve the first tier small business 
        subcontracting goals negotiated under paragraph (6)(A), 
        or the requirement for subcontractors with further 
        opportunities for subcontracting to make a good-faith 
        effort to achieve the goals established under paragraph 
        (6)(D).
  (17) Pilot program providing past performance ratings for 
other small business subcontractors.--
          (A) Establishment.--The Administrator shall establish 
        a pilot program for a small business concern without a 
        past performance rating as a prime contractor 
        performing as a first tier subcontractor for a covered 
        contract (as defined in paragraph (13)(A)) to request a 
        past performance rating in the system used by the 
        Federal Government to monitor or record contractor past 
        performance.
          (B) Application.--A small business concern described 
        in subparagraph (A) shall submit an application to the 
        appropriate official for a past performance rating no 
        later than 270 days after the small business concern 
        completed the work for which it seeks a past 
        performance rating or 180 days after the prime 
        contractor completes work on the covered contract, 
        whichever is earlier. Such application shall include 
        written evidence of the past performance factors for 
        which the small business concern seeks a rating and a 
        suggested rating.
          (C) Determination.--The appropriate official shall 
        submit the application from the small business concern 
        to the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business 
        Utilization for the covered contract and to the prime 
        contractor for review. The Office of Small and 
        Disadvantaged Business Utilization and the prime 
        contractor shall, not later than 30 days after receipt 
        of the application, submit to the appropriate official 
        a response regarding the application.
                  (i) Agreement on rating.--If the Office of 
                Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization 
                and the prime contractor agree on a past 
                performance rating, or if either the Office of 
                Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization or 
                the prime contractor fail to respond and the 
                responding person agrees with the rating of the 
                applicant small business concern, the 
                appropriate official shall enter the agreed-
                upon past performance rating in the system 
                described in subparagraph (A).
                  (ii) Disagreement on rating.--If the Office 
                of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization 
                and the prime contractor fail to respond within 
                30 days or if they disagree about the rating, 
                or if either the Office of Small and 
                Disadvantaged Business Utilization or the prime 
                contractor fail to respond and the responding 
                person disagrees with the rating of the 
                applicant small business concern, the Office of 
                Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization or 
                the prime contractor shall submit a notice 
                contesting the application to the appropriate 
                official. The appropriate official shall follow 
                the requirements of subparagraph (D).
          (D) Procedure for rating.--Not later than 14 calendar 
        days after receipt of a notice under subparagraph 
        (C)(ii), the appropriate official shall submit such 
        notice to the applicant small business concern. Such 
        concern may submit comments, rebuttals, or additional 
        information relating to the past performance of such 
        concern not later 14 calendar days after receipt of 
        such notice. The appropriate official shall enter into 
        the system described in subparagraph (A) a rating that 
        is neither favorable nor unfavorable along with the 
        initial application from such concern, any responses of 
        the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business 
        Utilization and the prime contractor, and any 
        additional information provided by such concern. A copy 
        of the information submitted shall be provided to the 
        contracting officer (or designee of such officer) for 
        the covered contract.
          (E) Use of information.--A small business 
        subcontractor may use a past performance rating given 
        under this paragraph to establish its past performance 
        for a prime contract.
          (F) Duration.--The pilot program established under 
        this paragraph shall terminate 3 years after the date 
        on which the first applicant small business concern 
        receives a past performance rating for performance as a 
        first tier subcontractor.
          (G) Report.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall begin an assessment of the pilot program 1 
        year after the establishment of such program. Not later 
        than 6 months after beginning such assessment, the 
        Comptroller General shall submit a report to the 
        Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Small Business of the House 
        of Representatives, which shall include--
                  (i) the number of small business concerns 
                and, set forth separately, the number of small 
                business exporters, that have received past 
                performance ratings under the pilot program;
                  (ii) the number of applications, set forth 
                separately by applications from small business 
                concerns and from small business exporters, in 
                which the contracting officer (or designee) or 
                the prime contractor contested the application 
                of the small business concern;
                  (iii) any suggestions or recommendations the 
                Comptroller General or the small business 
                concerns participating in the program have to 
                address disputes between the small business 
                concern, the contracting officer (or designee), 
                and the prime contractor on past performance 
                ratings;
                  (iv) the number of small business concerns 
                awarded prime contracts after receiving a past 
                performance rating under this pilot program; 
                and
                  (v) any suggestions or recommendation the 
                Comptroller General has to improve the 
                operation of the pilot program.
          (H) Definitions.--In this paragraph--
                  (i) the term ``appropriate official'' means--
                          (I) a commercial market 
                        representative;
                          (II) another individual designated by 
                        the senior official appointed by the 
                        Administrator with responsibilities 
                        under sections 8, 15, 31, and 36; or
                          (III) the Office of Small and 
                        Disadvantaged Business Utilization of a 
                        Federal agency, if the head of the 
                        Federal agency and the Administrator 
                        agree;
                  (ii) the term ``defense item'' has the 
                meaning given that term in section 38(j)(4)(A) 
                of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
                2778(j)(4)(A));
                  (iii) the term ``major non-NATO ally'' means 
                a country designated as a major non-NATO ally 
                under section 517 of the Foreign Assistance Act 
                of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321k);
                  (iv) the term ``past performance'' includes 
                performance of a contract for a sale of defense 
                items (under section 38 of the Arms Export 
                Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778)) to the government 
                of a member nation of North Atlantic Treaty 
                Organization, the government of a major non-
                NATO ally, or the government of a country with 
                which the United States has a defense 
                cooperation agreement (as certified by the 
                Secretary of State); and
                  (v) the term ``small business exporter'' 
                means a small business concern that exports 
                defense items under section 38 of the Arms 
                Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778) to the 
                government of a member nation of the North 
                Atlantic Treaty Organization, the government of 
                a major non-NATO ally, or the government of a 
                country with which the United States has a 
                defense cooperation agreement (as certified by 
                the Secretary of State).
  (e)(1) Except as provided in subsection (g)--
          (A) an executive agency intending to--
                  (i) solicit bids or proposals for a contract 
                for property or services for a price expected 
                to exceed $25,000; or
                  (ii) place an order, expected to exceed 
                $25,000, under a basic agreement, basis 
                ordering agreement, or similar arrangement,
        shall publish a notice described in subsection (f);
          (B) an executive agency intending to solicit bids or 
        proposals for a contract for property or services shall 
        post, for a period of not less than ten days, in a 
        public place at the contracting office issuing the 
        solicitation a notice of solicitation described in 
        subsection (f)--
                  (i) in the case of an executive agency other 
                than the Department of Defense, if the contract 
                is for a price expected to exceed $10,000, but 
                not to exceed $25,000; and
                  (ii) in the case of the Department of 
                Defense, if the contract is for a price 
                expected to exceed $5,000, but not to exceed 
                $25,000; and
          (C) an executive agency awarding a contract for 
        property or services for a price exceeding $100,000, or 
        placing an order referred to in clause (A)(ii) 
        exceeding $100,000, shall furnish for publication by 
        the Secretary of Commerce a notice announcing the award 
        or order if there is likely to be any subcontract under 
        such contract or order.
  (2)(A) A notice of solicitation required to be published 
under paragraph (1) may be published--
          (i) by electronic means that meet the accessibility 
        requirements under section 18(a)(7) of the Office of 
        Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 416(a)(7)); 
        or
          (ii) by the Secretary of Commerce in the Commerce 
        Business Daily.
  (B) The Secretary of Commerce shall promptly publish in the 
Commerce Business Daily each notice or announcement received 
under this subsection for publication by that means.
  (3) Whenever an executive agency is required by paragraph 
(1)(A) to publish a notice of solicitation, such executive 
agency may not--
          (A) issue the solicitation earlier than 15 days after 
        the date on which the notice is published; or
          (B) in the case of a contract or order estimated to 
        be greater than the simplified acquisition threshold, 
        establish a deadline for the submission of all bids or 
        proposals in response to the notice required by 
        paragraph (1)(A) that--
                  (i) in the case of an order under a basic 
                agreement, basic ordering agreement, or similar 
                arrangement, is earlier than the date 30 days 
                after the date the notice required by paragraph 
                (1)(A)(ii) is published;
                  (ii) in the case of a solicitation for 
                research and development, is earlier than the 
                date 45 days after the date the notice required 
                by paragraph (1)(A)(i) is published; or
                  (iii) in any other case, is earlier than the 
                date 30 days after the date the solicitation is 
                issued.
  (f) Each notice of solicitation required by subparagraph (A) 
or (B) of subsection (e)(1) shall include--
          (1) an accurate description of the property or 
        services to be contracted for, which description (A) 
        shall not be unnecessarily restrictive of competition, 
        and (B) shall include, as appropriate, the agency 
        nomenclature, National Stock Number or other part 
        number, and a brief description of the item's form, 
        fit, or function, physical dimensions, predominant 
        material of manufacture, or similar information that 
        will assist a prospective contractor to make an 
        informed business judgment as to whether a copy of the 
        solicitation should be requested;
          (2) provisions that--
                  (A) state whether the technical data required 
                to respond to the solicitation will not be 
                furnished as part of such solicitation, and 
                identify the source in the Government, if any, 
                from which the technical data may be obtained; 
                and
                  (B) state whether an offeror, its product, or 
                service must meet a qualification requirement 
                in order to be eligible for award, and, if so, 
                identify the office from which a qualification 
                requirement may be obtained;
          (3) the name, business address, and telephone number 
        of the contracting officer;
          (4) a statement that all responsible sources may 
        submit a bid, proposal, or quotation (as appropriate) 
        which shall be considered by the agency;
          (5) in the case of a procurement using procedures 
        other than competitive procedures, a statement of the 
        reason justifying the use of such procedures and the 
        identity of the intended source; and
          (6) in the case of a contract in an amount estimated 
        to be greater than $25,000 but not greater than the 
        simplified acquisition threshold--
                  (A) a description of the procedures to be 
                used in awarding the contract; and
                  (B) a statement specifying the periods for 
                prospective offerors and the contracting 
                officer to take the necessary preaward and 
                award actions.
  (g)(1) A notice is not required under subsection (e)(1) if--
          (A) the proposed procurement is for an amount not 
        greater than the simplified acquisition threshold and 
        is to be conducted by--
                  (i) using widespread electronic public notice 
                of the solicitation in a form that allows 
                convenient and universal user access through a 
                single, Government-wide point of entry; and
                  (ii) permitting the public to respond to the 
                solicitation electronically.
          (B) the notice would disclose the executive agency's 
        needs and the disclosure of such needs would compromise 
        the national security;
          (C) the proposed procurement would result from 
        acceptance of--
                  (i) any unsolicited proposal that 
                demonstrates a unique and innovative research 
                concept and the publication of any notice of 
                such unsolicited research proposal would 
                disclose the originality of thought or 
                innovativeness of the proposal or would 
                disclose proprietary information associated 
                with the proposal; or
                  (ii) a proposal submitted under section 9 of 
                this Act;
          (D) the procurement is made against an order placed 
        under a requirements contract;
          (E) the procurement is made for perishable 
        subsistence supplies;
          (F) the procurement is for utility services, other 
        than telecommunication services, and only one source is 
        available; or
          (G) the procurement is for the services of an expert 
        for use in any litigation or dispute (including 
        preparation for any foreseeable litigation or dispute) 
        that involves or could involve the Federal Government 
        in any trial, hearing, or proceeding before any court, 
        administrative tribunal, or agency, or in any part of 
        an alternative dispute resolution process, whether or 
        not the expert is expected to testify.
  (2) The requirements of subsection (a)(1)(A) do not apply to 
any procurement under conditions described in paragraph (2), 
(3), (4), (5), or (7) of section 303(c) of the Federal Property 
and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 253(c)) or 
paragraph (2), (3), (4), (5), and (7) of section 2304(c) of 
title 10, United States Code.
  (3) The requirements of subsection (a)(1)(A) shall not apply 
in the case of any procurement for which the head of the 
executive agency makes a determination in writing, after 
consultation with the Administrator for Federal Procurement 
Policy and the Administrator of the Small Business 
Administration, that it is not appropriate or reasonable to 
publish a notice before issuing a solicitation.
  (h)(1) An executive agency may not award a contract using 
procedures other than competitive procedures unless--
          (A) except as provided in paragraph (2), a written 
        justification for the use of such procedures has been 
        approved--
                  (i) in the case of a contract for an amount 
                exceeding $100,000 (but equal to or less than 
                $1,000,000), by the advocate for competition 
                for the procuring activity (without further 
                delegation);
                  (ii) in the case of a contract for an amount 
                exceeding $1,000,000 (but equal to or less than 
                $10,000,000), by the head of the procuring 
                activity or a delegate who, if a member of the 
                Armed Forces, is a general or flag officer, or, 
                if a civilian, is serving in a position in 
                grade GS-16 or above under the General Schedule 
                (or in a comparable or higher position under 
                another schedule); or
                  (iii) in the case of a contract for an amount 
                exceeding $10,000,000, by the senior 
                procurement executive of the agency designated 
                pursuant to section 16(3) of the Office of 
                Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 
                414(3)) (without further delegation); and
          (B) all other requirements applicable to the use of 
        such procedures under title III of the Federal Property 
        and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 
        et sq.) or chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, 
        as appropriate, have been satisfied.
  (2) The same exceptions as are provided in section 303(f)(2) 
of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 
(41 U.S.C. 253(f)(2)) or section 2304(f)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, shall apply with respect to the requirements of 
paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection in the same manner as such 
exceptions apply to the requirements of section 303(f)(1) of 
such Act or section 2304(f)(1) of such title, as appropriate.
  (i) An executive agency shall make available to any business 
concern, or the authorized representative of such concern, the 
complete solicitation package for any on-going procurement 
announced pursuant to a notice under subsection (e). An 
executive agency may require the payment of a fee, not 
exceeding the actual cost of duplication, for a copy of such 
package.
  (j) For purposes of this section, the term ``executive 
agency'' has the meaning provided such term in section 4(1) of 
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 
403(1)).
  (k) Notices of Subcontracting Opportunities.--
          (1) In general.--Notices of subcontracting 
        opportunities may be submitted for publication on the 
        appropriate Federal Web site (as determined by the 
        Administrator) by--
                  (A) a business concern awarded a contract by 
                an executive agency subject to subsection 
                (e)(1)(C); and
                  (B) a business concern that is a 
                subcontractor or supplier (at any tier) to such 
                contractor having a subcontracting opportunity 
                in excess of $10,000.
          (2) Content of notice.--The notice of a 
        subcontracting opportunity shall include--
                  (A) a description of the business opportunity 
                that is comparable to the description specified 
                in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) of 
                subsection (f); and
                  (B) the due date for receipt of offers.
  (l) Management Assistance for Small Businesses Affected by 
Military Operations.--[The Administration]
          (1) In general._The Administration  shall utilize, as 
        appropriate, its entrepreneurial development and 
        management assistance programs, including programs 
        involving State or private sector partners, to provide 
        business counseling and training to any small business 
        concern adversely affected by the deployment of units 
        of the Armed Forces of the United States in support of 
        a period of military conflict [(as defined in section 
        7(n)(1))].
          (2) Definition of period of military conflict.--In 
        this subsection, the term ``period of military 
        conflict'' means--
                  (A) a period of war declared by the Congress;
                  (B) a period of national emergency declared 
                by the Congress or by the President; or
                  (C) a period of a contingency operation, as 
                defined in section 101(a) of title 10, United 
                States Code.
  (m) Procurement Program for Women-owned Small Business 
Concerns.--
          (1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                  (A) Contracting officer.--The term 
                ``contracting officer'' has the meaning given 
                such term in section 27(f)(5) of the Office of 
                Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 
                423(f)(5)).
                  (B) Small business concern owned and 
                controlled by women.--The term ``small business 
                concern owned and controlled by women'' has the 
                meaning given such term in section 3(n), except 
                that ownership shall be determined without 
                regard to any community property law.
          (2) Authority to restrict competition.--In accordance 
        with this subsection, a contracting officer may 
        restrict competition for any contract for the 
        procurement of goods or services by the Federal 
        Government to small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by women, if--
                  (A) each of the concerns is not less than 51 
                percent owned by one or more women who are 
                economically disadvantaged (and such ownership 
                is determined without regard to any community 
                property law);
                  (B) the contracting officer has a reasonable 
                expectation that two or more small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by women will 
                submit offers for the contract;
                  (C) the contract is for the procurement of 
                goods or services with respect to an industry 
                identified by the Administrator pursuant to 
                paragraph (3);
                  (D) in the estimation of the contracting 
                officer, the contract award can be made at a 
                fair and reasonable price; and
                  (E) each of the concerns is certified by a 
                Federal agency, a State government, the 
                Administrator, or a national certifying entity 
                approved by the Administrator as a small 
                business concern owned and controlled by women.
          (3) Waiver.--With respect to a small business concern 
        owned and controlled by women, the Administrator may 
        waive subparagraph (2)(A) if the Administrator 
        determines that the concern is in an industry in which 
        small business concerns owned and controlled by women 
        are substantially underrepresented.
          (4) Identification of industries.--The Administrator 
        shall conduct a study to identify industries in which 
        small business concerns owned and controlled by women 
        are underrepresented with respect to Federal 
        procurement contracting.
          (5) Enforcement; penalties.--
                  (A) Verification of eligibility.--In carrying 
                out this subsection, the Administrator shall 
                establish procedures relating to--
                          (i) the filing, investigation, and 
                        disposition by the Administration of 
                        any challenge to the eligibility of a 
                        small business concern to receive 
                        assistance under this subsection 
                        (including a challenge, filed by an 
                        interested party, relating to the 
                        veracity of a certification made or 
                        information provided to the 
                        Administration by a small business 
                        concern under paragraph (2)(E)); and
                          (ii) verification by the 
                        Administrator of the accuracy of any 
                        certification made or information 
                        provided to the Administration by a 
                        small business concern under paragraph 
                        (2)(E).
                  (B) Examinations.--The procedures established 
                under subparagraph (A) may provide for program 
                examinations (including random program 
                examinations) by the Administrator of any small 
                business concern making a certification or 
                providing information to the Administrator 
                under paragraph (2)(E).
                  (C) Penalties.--In addition to the penalties 
                described in section 16(d), any small business 
                concern that is determined by the Administrator 
                to have misrepresented the status of that 
                concern as a small business concern owned and 
                controlled by women for purposes of this 
                subsection, shall be subject to--
                          (i) section 1001 of title 18, United 
                        States Code; and
                          (ii) sections 3729 through 3733 of 
                        title 31, United States Code.
          (6) Provision of data.--Upon the request of the 
        Administrator, the head of any Federal department or 
        agency shall promptly provide to the Administrator such 
        information as the Administrator determines to be 
        necessary to carry out this subsection.
          (7) Authority for sole source contracts for 
        economically disadvantaged small business concerns 
        owned and controlled by women.--A contracting officer 
        may award a sole source contract under this subsection 
        to any small business concern owned and controlled by 
        women described in paragraph (2)(A) and certified under 
        paragraph (2)(E) if--
                  (A) such concern is determined to be a 
                responsible contractor with respect to 
                performance of the contract opportunity and the 
                contracting officer does not have a reasonable 
                expectation that 2 or more businesses described 
                in paragraph (2)(A) will submit offers;
                  (B) the anticipated award price of the 
                contract (including options) will not exceed--
                          (i) $6,500,000, in the case of a 
                        contract opportunity assigned a 
                        standard industrial classification code 
                        for manufacturing; or
                          (ii) $4,000,000, in the case of any 
                        other contract opportunity; and
                  (C) in the estimation of the contracting 
                officer, the contract award can be made at a 
                fair and reasonable price.
          (8) Authority for sole source contracts for small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by women in 
        substantially underrepresented industries.--A 
        contracting officer may award a sole source contract 
        under this subsection to any small business concern 
        owned and controlled by women certified under paragraph 
        (2)(E) that is in an industry in which small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by women are 
        substantially underrepresented (as determined by the 
        Administrator under paragraph (3)) if--
                  (A) such concern is determined to be a 
                responsible contractor with respect to 
                performance of the contract opportunity and the 
                contracting officer does not have a reasonable 
                expectation that 2 or more businesses in an 
                industry that has received a waiver under 
                paragraph (3) will submit offers;
                  (B) the anticipated award price of the 
                contract (including options) will not exceed--
                          (i) $6,500,000, in the case of a 
                        contract opportunity assigned a 
                        standard industrial classification code 
                        for manufacturing; or
                          (ii) $4,000,000, in the case of any 
                        other contract opportunity; and
                  (C) in the estimation of the contracting 
                officer, the contract award can be made at a 
                fair and reasonable price.
  (n) Business Grants and Cooperative Agreements.--
          (1) In general.--In accordance with this subsection, 
        the Administrator may make grants to and enter into 
        cooperative agreements with any coalition of private 
        entities, public entities, or any combination of 
        private and public entities--
                  (A) to expand business-to-business 
                relationships between large and small 
                businesses; and
                  (B) to provide businesses, directly or 
                indirectly, with online information and a 
                database of companies that are interested in 
                mentor-protege programs or community-based, 
                statewide, or local business development 
                programs.
          (2) Matching requirement.--Subject to subparagraph 
        (B), the Administrator may make a grant to a coalition 
        under paragraph (1) only if the coalition provides for 
        activities described in paragraph (1)(A) or (1)(B) an 
        amount, either in kind or in cash, equal to the grant 
        amount.
          (3) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
        subsection $6,600,000, to remain available until 
        expended, for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2006.

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