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116th Congress   }                                      {        Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                      {       116-253

======================================================================

 
   PROVIDING FOR CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL (H.R. 4617) TO AMEND THE 
  FEDERAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN ACT OF 1971 TO CLARIFY THE OBLIGATION TO 
REPORT ACTS OF FOREIGN ELECTION INFLUENCE AND REQUIRE IMPLEMENTATION OF 
  COMPLIANCE AND REPORTING SYSTEMS BY FEDERAL CAMPAIGNS TO DETECT AND 
                REPORT SUCH ACTS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

                                _______
                                

  October 22, 2019.--Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be 
                                printed

                                _______
                                

              Mr. Hastings, from the Committee on Rules, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                       [To accompany H. Res. 650]

    The Committee on Rules, having had under consideration 
House Resolution 650, by a record vote of 9 to 2, report the 
same to the House with the recommendation that the resolution 
be adopted.

                SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS OF THE RESOLUTION

    The resolution provides for consideration of H.R. 4617, the 
SHIELD Act, under a structured rule. The resolution provides 
one hour of general debate on the bill equally divided and 
controlled by the chair and ranking minority member of the 
Committee on House Administration. The resolution waives all 
points of order against consideration of the bill. The 
resolution makes in order as original text for the purpose of 
amendment an amendment in the nature of a substitute consisting 
of the text of Rules Committee Print 116-35, as modified by the 
amendment printed in Part A of this report, and provides that 
it shall be considered as read. The resolution waives all 
points of order against that amendment in the nature of a 
substitute. The resolution makes in order only those amendments 
printed in Part B of this report. Each such amendment may be 
offered only in the order printed in this report, may be 
offered only by a Member designated in this report, shall be 
considered as read, shall be debatable for the time specified 
in this report equally divided and controlled by the proponent 
and an opponent, shall not be subject to amendment, and shall 
not be subject to a demand for division of the question in the 
House or in the Committee of the Whole. The resolution waives 
all points of order against the amendments printed in Part B of 
this report. The resolution provides one motion to recommit 
with or without instructions.

                         EXPLANATION OF WAIVERS

    The waiver of all points of order against consideration of 
H.R. 4617 includes waivers of the following:
           Clause 12(b) of rule XXI, which prohibits 
        consideration of a bill unless there is a searchable 
        electronic comparative print that shows how the text of 
        the bill as proposed to be considered differs from the 
        text of the bill as reported.
           Section 103(i) of H. Res. 6, which prohibits 
        consideration of a reported bill unless the committee 
        report designates a hearing used to develop or consider 
        the bill. This waiver is technical in nature--while the 
        report of the Committee on House Administration lists 
        three hearings that were used to develop or consider 
        H.R. 4617, it references an incorrect bill number.
    The waiver of all points of order against the amendment in 
the nature of a substitute includes a waiver of clause 12(a)(2) 
of rule XXI, which prohibits consideration of an amendment in 
the nature of a substitute unless there is a searchable 
electronic comparative print that shows how the amendment in 
the nature of a substitute proposes to change current law.
    Although the resolution waives all points of order against 
the amendments printed in Part B of this report, the Committee 
is not aware of any points of order. The waiver is prophylactic 
in nature.

                            COMMITTEE VOTES

    The results of each record vote on an amendment or motion 
to report, together with the names of those voting for and 
against, are printed below:

Rules Committee record vote No. 182

    Motion by Mr. Cole to report an open rule. Defeated: 2-9

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                      Vote               Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mr. Hastings....................................          Nay   Mr. Cole..........................          Yea
Mrs. Torres.....................................          Nay   Mr. Woodall.......................          Yea
Mr. Perlmutter..................................          Nay   Mr. Burgess.......................  ............
Mr. Raskin......................................          Nay   Mrs. Lesko........................  ............
Ms. Scanlon.....................................          Nay
Mr. Morelle.....................................          Nay
Ms. Shalala.....................................          Nay
Mr. DeSaulnier..................................          Nay
Mr. McGovern, Chairman..........................          Nay
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rules Committee record vote No. 183

    Motion by Mr. Hastings to report the rule. Adopted: 9-2

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                      Vote               Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mr. Hastings....................................          Yea   Mr. Cole..........................          Nay
Mrs. Torres.....................................          Yea   Mr. Woodall.......................          Nay
Mr. Perlmutter..................................          Yea   Mr. Burgess.......................  ............
Mr. Raskin......................................          Yea   Mrs. Lesko........................  ............
Ms. Scanlon.....................................          Yea
Mr. Morelle.....................................          Yea
Ms. Shalala.....................................          Yea
Mr. DeSaulnier..................................          Yea
Mr. McGovern, Chairman..........................          Yea
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 SUMMARY OF THE AMENDMENT TO H.R. 4617 IN PART A CONSIDERED AS ADOPTED

    1. Lofgren (CA): Amends the exception to the ``reportable 
foreign contact'' for those contacts made for purposes of 
enabling elections by international observers. Provides that 
the exception does not apply if the contact involves illicit 
campaign spending in contravention of the Federal Election 
Campaign Act. Provides that improper interference in a United 
States election is grounds for inadmissibility and 
deportability. (10 minutes)

           SUMMARY OF THE AMENDMENTS TO H.R. 4617 IN PART B 
                             MADE IN ORDER

    1. DeSaulnier (CA): Requires the FEC to notify states 
within 30 days of making a determination that a foreign 
national has initiated or attempted to initiate a 
disinformation campaign targeted at an election in a state. (10 
minutes)
    2. Lesko (AZ): Strikes Section 313. (10 minutes)
    3. Lynch (MA): Generally prohibits the use of deepfakes 
within 60 days of a federal election and establishes 
corresponding criminal and civil penalties. (10 minutes)
    4. Levin, Andy (MI), McCaul (TX), Rouda (CA), Speier (CA), 
Slotkin (MI): Prohibits foreign nationals from influencing 
American elections by setting up shell companies. (10 minutes)
    5. Langevin (RI), Slotkin (MI): Directs the Federal 
Elections Commission to commission an independent study and 
report on media literacy with respect to online political 
content consumption among voting-age Americans. (10 minutes)
    6. Swalwell (CA): Includes a candidate's immediate family 
members among those whose direct or indirect contacts or 
communications with a covered foreign national may amount to a 
reportable foreign contact with the term immediate family 
member meaning a candidate's parent, parent-in-law, spouse, 
adult child, or sibling. (10 minutes)
    7. Brown (MD): Requires the FBI to confirm receipt when a 
political committee issues a notification that they have been 
contacted by a reportable foreign contact. Additionally, 
requires the FBI to submit a report to Congress on how they are 
managing and responding to notifications from political 
committees. (10 minutes)
    8. Delgado (NY): Require the Federal Election Commission to 
do an analysis of the extent to which illicit foreign money was 
used to carry out disinformation and propaganda campaigns 
focused on depressing turnout among rural communities and the 
success or failure of these efforts, together with 
recommendations to address these efforts in future elections. 
(10 minutes)
    9. Houlahan (PA): Codifies the FEC definition of 
``substantial assistance'' for an illegal foreign transaction 
and defines what it means to ``knowingly'' abet a foreign 
entity, consistent with FEC regulations. (10 minutes)
    10. Slotkin (MI): Directs GAO to conduct an assessment of 
current exemptions of FARA registration requirements and what 
adjustments should be made to prevent foreign funding from 
influencing U.S. elections and political processes. (10 
minutes)
    11. Sherrill (NJ): Expands from 60 days before an election 
to 90 days the provisions on knowingly prohibiting deceptive 
practices in federal elections, including knowingly providing 
false information about the time or place of voting, 
qualifications for voting, or public endorsements. (10 minutes)
    12. Cunningham (SC): Requires the Federal Election 
Commission to include in its report to Congress an analysis of 
disinformation campaigns focused on depressing turnout among 
African-American and other minority communities. (10 minutes)
    13. Cunningham (SC): Requires the Federal Election 
Commission to include in its report to Congress an analysis of 
disinformation campaigns focused on influencing military 
servicemembers and veterans along with recommendations to 
address these efforts. (10 minutes)
    14. Spanberger (VA): Requires that online platform records 
of purchase requests for qualified political advertisements 
include a statement that a person is acting as the agent of a 
foreign principal and the identification of the foreign 
principal involved, when applicable. Qualified political 
advertisements include ads related to national legislative 
issues of public importance. (10 minutes)

      PART A--TEXT OF AMENDMENT TO H.R. 4617 CONSIDERED AS ADOPTED

  Page 5, strike lines 5 through 17 and insert the following:
                  ``(B) Exceptions.--
                          ``(i) Contacts in official capacity 
                        as elected official.--The term 
                        `reportable foreign contact' shall not 
                        include any contact or communication 
                        with a covered foreign national by an 
                        elected official or an employee of an 
                        elected official solely in an official 
                        capacity as such an official or 
                        employee.
                          ``(ii) Contacts for purposes of 
                        enabling observation of elections by 
                        international observers.--The term 
                        `reportable foreign contact' shall not 
                        include any contact or communication 
                        with a covered foreign national by any 
                        person which is made for purposes of 
                        enabling the observation of elections 
                        in the United States by a foreign 
                        national or the observation of 
                        elections outside of the United States 
                        by a candidate, political committee, or 
                        any official, employee, or agent of 
                        such committee.
                          ``(iii) Exceptions not applicable if 
                        contacts or communications involve 
                        prohibited disbursements.--A contact or 
                        communication by an elected official or 
                        an employee of an elected official 
                        shall not be considered to be made 
                        solely in an official capacity for 
                        purposes of clause (i), and a contact 
                        or communication shall not be 
                        considered to be made for purposes of 
                        enabling the observation of elections 
                        for purposes of clause (ii), if the 
                        contact or communication involves a 
                        contribution, donation, expenditure, 
                        disbursement, or solicitation described 
                        in section 319.''.
  Page 54, insert after line 14 the following new subtitle:

  Subtitle C--Inadmissibility and Deportability of Aliens Engaging in 
                     Improper Election Interference

SEC. 321. INADMISSIBILITY AND DEPORTABILITY OF ALIENS ENGAGING IN 
                    IMPROPER INTERFERENCE IN UNITED STATES ELECTIONS.

  (a) Inadmissibility.--Section 212(a)(3) of the Immigration 
and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
                  ``(H) Improper interference in a united 
                states election.--Any alien who a consular 
                officer, the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
                the Secretary of State, or the Attorney General 
                knows, or has reasonable grounds to believe, is 
                seeking admission to the United States to 
                engage in improper interference in a United 
                States election, or has engaged in improper 
                interference in a United States election, is 
                inadmissible.''.
  (b) Deportability.--Section 237(a) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 
1227(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(8) Improper interference in a united states 
        election.--Any alien who has engaged, is engaged, or at 
        any time after admission engages in improper 
        interference in a United States election is 
        deportable.''.
  (c) Definition.--Section 101(a) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(53) The term `improper interference in a United 
        States election' means conduct by an alien that--
                  ``(A)(i) violates Federal criminal, voting 
                rights, or campaign finance law, or
                  ``(ii) is performed by any person acting as 
                an agent of or on behalf of a foreign 
                government or criminal enterprise; and
                  ``(B) includes any covert, fraudulent, 
                deceptive, or unlawful act or attempted act, 
                undertaken with the purpose or effect of 
                undermining public confidence in election 
                processes or institutions, or influencing, 
                undermining confidence in, or altering the 
                result or reported result of, a general or 
                primary Federal, State, or local election or 
                caucus, including--
                          ``(i) the campaign of a candidate; or
                          ``(ii) a ballot measure, including an 
                        amendment, a bond issue, an initiative, 
                        a recall, a referral, or a 
                        referendum.''.
                              ----------                              


         PART B--TEXT OF AMENDMENTS TO H.R. 4617 MADE IN ORDER

     1. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Desaulnier of 
          California or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 54, insert after line 14 the following:

  Subtitle C--Notifying States of Disinformation Campaigns by Foreign 
                               Nationals

SEC. 321. NOTIFYING STATES OF DISINFORMATION CAMPAIGNS BY FOREIGN 
                    NATIONALS.

  (a) Requiring Disclosure.--If the Federal Election Commission 
makes a determination that a foreign national has initiated or 
has attempted to initiate a disinformation campaign targeted at 
an election for public office held in a State, the Commission 
shall notify the State involved of the determination not later 
than 30 days after making the determination.
  (b) Definitions.--In this section the term ``foreign 
national'' has the meaning given such term in section 319(b) of 
the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (52 U.S.C. 30121(b)).
                              ----------                              


2. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Lesko of Arizona or Her 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Strike section 313 (and redesignate the succeeding sections 
accordingly).
                              ----------                              


3. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Lynch of Massachusetts 
               or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 54, insert after line 14 the following:

     Subtitle C--Prohibiting Use of Deepfakes in Election Campaigns

SEC. 321. PROHIBITION ON DISTRIBUTION OF MATERIALLY DECEPTIVE AUDIO OR 
                    VISUAL MEDIA PRIOR TO ELECTION.

  (a) In General.--Title III of the Federal Election Campaign 
Act of 1971 (52 U.S.C. 30101 et seq.), as amended by section 
203, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``SEC. 325. PROHIBITION ON DISTRIBUTION OF MATERIALLY DECEPTIVE MEDIA 
                    PRIOR TO ELECTION.

  ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsections (b) and 
(c), a person, political committee, or other entity shall not, 
within 60 days of a election for Federal office at which a 
candidate for elective office will appear on the ballot, 
distribute, with actual malice, materially deceptive audio or 
visual media of the candidate with the intent to injure the 
candidate's reputation or to deceive a voter into voting for or 
against the candidate.
  ``(b) Exception.--
          ``(1) Required language.--The prohibition in 
        subsection (a) does not apply if the audio or visual 
        media includes--
                  ``(A) a disclosure stating: ``This _____ has 
                been manipulated.''; and
                  ``(B) filled in the blank in the disclosure 
                under subparagraph (A), the term `image', 
                `video', or `audio', as most accurately 
                describes the media.
          ``(2) Visual media.--For visual media, the text of 
        the disclosure shall appear in a size that is easily 
        readable by the average viewer and no smaller than the 
        largest font size of other text appearing in the visual 
        media. If the visual media does not include any other 
        text, the disclosure shall appear in a size that is 
        easily readable by the average viewer. For visual media 
        that is video, the disclosure shall appear for the 
        duration of the video.
          ``(3) Audio-only media.--If the media consists of 
        audio only, the disclosure shall be read in a clearly 
        spoken manner and in a pitch that can be easily heard 
        by the average listener, at the beginning of the audio, 
        at the end of the audio, and, if the audio is greater 
        than two minutes in length, interspersed within the 
        audio at intervals of not greater than two minutes 
        each.
  ``(c) Inapplicability to Certain Entities.--This section does 
not apply to the following:
          ``(1) A radio or television broadcasting station, 
        including a cable or satellite television operator, 
        programmer, or producer, that broadcasts materially 
        deceptive audio or visual media prohibited by this 
        section as part of a bona fide newscast, news 
        interview, news documentary, or on-the-spot coverage of 
        bona fide news events, if the broadcast clearly 
        acknowledges through content or a disclosure, in a 
        manner that can be easily heard or read by the average 
        listener or viewer, that there are questions about the 
        authenticity of the materially deceptive audio or 
        visual media.
          ``(2) A radio or television broadcasting station, 
        including a cable or satellite television operator, 
        programmer, or producer, when it is paid to broadcast 
        materially deceptive audio or visual media.
          ``(3) An internet website, or a regularly published 
        newspaper, magazine, or other periodical of general 
        circulation, including an internet or electronic 
        publication, that routinely carries news and commentary 
        of general interest, and that publishes materially 
        deceptive audio or visual media prohibited by this 
        section, if the publication clearly states that the 
        materially deceptive audio or visual media does not 
        accurately represent the speech or conduct of the 
        candidate.
          ``(4) Materially deceptive audio or visual media that 
        constitutes satire or parody.
  ``(d) Civil Action.--
          ``(1) Injunctive or other equitable relief.--A 
        candidate for elective office whose voice or likeness 
        appears in a materially deceptive audio or visual media 
        distributed in violation of this section may seek 
        injunctive or other equitable relief prohibiting the 
        distribution of audio or visual media in violation of 
        this section. An action under this paragraph shall be 
        entitled to precedence in accordance with the Federal 
        Rules of Civil Procedure.
          ``(2) Damages.--A candidate for elective office whose 
        voice or likeness appears in a materially deceptive 
        audio or visual media distributed in violation of this 
        section may bring an action for general or special 
        damages against the person, committee, or other entity 
        that distributed the materially deceptive audio or 
        visual media. The court may also award a prevailing 
        party reasonable attorney's fees and costs. This 
        paragraph shall not be construed to limit or preclude a 
        plaintiff from securing or recovering any other 
        available remedy.
          ``(3) Burden of proof.--In any civil action alleging 
        a violation of this section, the plaintiff shall bear 
        the burden of establishing the violation through clear 
        and convincing evidence.
  ``(e) Rule of Construction.--This section shall not be 
construed to alter or negate any rights, obligations, or 
immunities of an interactive service provider under section 230 
of title 47, United States Code.
  ``(f) Materially Deceptive Audio or Visual Media Defined.--In 
this section, the term `materially deceptive audio or visual 
media' means an image or an audio or video recording of a 
candidate's appearance, speech, or conduct that has been 
intentionally manipulated in a manner such that both of the 
following conditions are met:
          ``(1) The image or audio or video recording would 
        falsely appear to a reasonable person to be authentic.
          ``(2) The image or audio or video recording would 
        cause a reasonable person to have a fundamentally 
        different understanding or impression of the expressive 
        content of the image or audio or video recording than 
        that person would have if the person were hearing or 
        seeing the unaltered, original version of the image or 
        audio or video recording.''.
  (b) Criminal Penalties.--Section 309(d)(1) of the Federal 
Election Campaign Act of 1971 (52 U.S.C. 30109(d)(1)), as 
amended by section 103, is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new subparagraph:
                  ``(G) Any person who knowingly and willfully 
                commits a violation of section 325 shall be 
                fined not more than $100,000, imprisoned not 
                more than 5 years, or both.''.
  (c) Effect on Defamation Action.--For purposes of an action 
for defamation, a violation of section 325 of the Federal 
Election Campaign Act of 1971, as added by subsection (a), 
shall constitute defamation per se.
                              ----------                              


 4. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Levin of Michigan or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 36, insert after line 22 the following:

SEC. 206. PROHIBITING ESTABLISHMENT OF CORPORATION TO CONCEAL ELECTION 
                    CONTRIBUTIONS AND DONATIONS BY FOREIGN NATIONALS.

  (a) Prohibition.--Chapter 29 of title 18, United States Code 
is amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 612. Establishment of corporation to conceal election 
                    contributions and donations by foreign nationals

  ``(a) Offense.--It shall be unlawful for an owner, officer, 
attorney, or incorporation agent of a corporation, company, or 
other entity to establish or use the corporation, company, or 
other entity with the intent to conceal an activity of a 
foreign national (as defined in section 319 of the Federal 
Election Campaign Act of 1971 (52 U.S.C. 30121)) prohibited 
under such section 319.
  ``(b) Penalty.--Any person who violates subsection (a) shall 
be imprisoned for not more than 5 years, fined under this 
title, or both.''.
  (b) Table of Sections.--The table of sections for chapter 29 
of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 611 the following:

``612. Establishment of corporation to conceal election contributions 
          and donations by foreign nationals.''.
                    ____________________________________________________

   5. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Langevin of Rhode 
            Island or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 28, insert after line 12 the following:

SEC. 118. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON MEDIA LITERACY AND ONLINE POLITICAL 
                    CONTENT CONSUMPTION.

  (a) Independent Study.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Federal Election Commission shall 
commission an independent study and report on media literacy 
with respect to online political content consumption among 
voting-age Americans.
  (b) Elements.--The study and report under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
          (1) An evaluation of media literacy skills, such as 
        the ability to evaluate sources, synthesize multiple 
        accounts into a coherent understanding of an issue, 
        understand the context of communications, and 
        responsibly create and share information, among voting-
        age Americans.
          (2) An analysis of the effects of media literacy 
        education and particular media literacy skills on the 
        ability to critically consume online political content, 
        including political advertising.
          (3) Recommendations for improving voting-age 
        Americans' ability to critically consume online 
        political content, including political advertising.
  (c) Deadline.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the entity conducting the study and 
report under subsection (a) shall submit the report to the 
Commission.
  (d) Submission to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
receiving the report under subsection (c), the Commission shall 
submit the report to the Committee on House Administration of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Rules and 
Administration of the Senate, together with such comments on 
the report as the Commission considers appropriate.
  (e) Definition of Media Literacy.--The term ``media 
literacy'' means the ability to--
          (1) access relevant and accurate information through 
        media;
          (2) critically analyze media content and the 
        influences of media;
          (3) evaluate the comprehensiveness, relevance, 
        credibility, authority, and accuracy of information;
          (4) make educated decisions based on information 
        obtained from media and digital sources;
          (5) operate various forms of technology and digital 
        tools; and
          (6) reflect on how the use of media and technology 
        may affect private and public life.
                              ----------                              


6. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Swalwell of California 
               or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 3, line 15, insert ``and each immediate family member of 
a candidate'' after ``each candidate''.
  Page 4, line 9, insert ``an immediate family member of the 
candidate,'' after ``a candidate,''.
  Page 7, line 9, strike the closing quotation mark and the 
second period.
  Page 7, insert after line 9 the following:
          ``(4) Immediate family member.--In this subsection, 
        the term `immediate family member' means, with respect 
        to a candidate, a parent, parent-in-law, spouse, adult 
        child, or sibling.''.
                              ----------                              


 7. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Brown of Maryland or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 3, line 11, insert after ``foreign contact.'' the 
following: ``The Federal Bureau of Investigation, not later 
than 1 week after receiving a notification from a political 
committee under this paragraph, shall submit to the political 
committee, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
the House of Representatives, and the Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the Senate written or electronic confirmation 
of receipt of the notification.''
  Page 11, insert after line 23 the following (and redesignate 
the succeeding section):

SEC. 104. REPORT TO CONGRESSIONAL INTELLIGENCE COMMITTEES.

  (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Director of 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall submit to the 
congressional intelligence committees a report relating to 
notifications received by the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
under section 304(j)(1) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 
1971 (as added by section 101(a) of this Act).
  (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following with respect to 
notifications described in subsection (a):
          (1) The number of such notifications received from 
        political committees during the year covered by the 
        report.
          (2) A description of protocols and procedures 
        developed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
        relating to receipt and maintenance of records relating 
        to such notifications.
          (3) With respect to such notifications received 
        during the year covered by the report, a description of 
        any subsequent actions taken by the Director resulting 
        from the receipt of such notifications.
  (c) Congressional Intelligence Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``congressional intelligence committees'' has 
the meaning given that term in section 3 of the National 
Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).
                              ----------                              


8. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Delgado of New York or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 33, line 7, strike ``and''
  Page 33, insert after line 7 the following (and redesignate 
the succeeding provision accordingly):
          ``(2) an analysis of the extent to which illicit 
        foreign money was used to carry out disinformation and 
        propaganda campaigns focused on depressing turnout 
        among rural communities and the success or failure of 
        these efforts, together with recommendations to address 
        these efforts in future elections; and''.
                              ----------                              


      9. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Houlahan of 
         Pennsylvania or Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 40, insert after line 6 the following:

SEC. 303. PROHIBITION ON PROVISION OF SUBSTANTIAL ASSISTANCE RELATING 
                    TO CONTRIBUTION OR DONATION BY FOREIGN NATIONALS.

  Section 319 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (52 
U.S.C. 30121), as amended by section 117, section 201(a), 
section 201(b), and section 301, is further amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``or'' at the end of 
                paragraph (2);
                  (B) by striking the period at the end of 
                paragraph (3) and inserting ``; or''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) a person to knowingly provide substantial 
        assistance to another person in carrying out an 
        activity described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3).''; 
        and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsections:
  ``(f) Knowingly Described.--
          ``(1) In general.--For purposes of subsection (a)(4), 
        the term `knowingly' means actual knowledge, 
        constructive knowledge, awareness of pertinent facts 
        that would lead a reasonable person to conclude there 
        is a substantial probability, or awareness of pertinent 
        facts that would lead a reasonable person to conduct a 
        reasonable inquiry to establish--
                  ``(A) with respect to an activity described 
                in subsection (a)(1), that the contribution, 
                donation, expenditure, independent expenditure, 
                or disbursement is from a foreign national;
                  ``(B) with respect to an activity described 
                in subsection (a)(2), that the contribution or 
                donation solicited, accepted, or received is 
                from a foreign national; and
                  ``(C) with respect to an activity described 
                in subsection (a)(3), that the person 
                directing, dictating, controlling, or directly 
                or indirectly participating in the decision 
                making process is a foreign national.
          ``(2) Pertinent facts.--For purposes of paragraph 
        (1), pertinent facts include, but are not limited to, 
        that the person making the contribution, donation, 
        expenditure, independent expenditure, or disbursement, 
        or that the person from whom the contribution or 
        donation is solicited, accepted, or received, or that 
        the person directing, dictating, controlling, or 
        directly or indirectly participating in the decision 
        making process--
                  ``(A) uses a foreign passport or passport 
                number for identification purposes;
                  ``(B) provides a foreign address;
                  ``(C) uses a check or other written 
                instrument drawn on a foreign bank, or by a 
                wire transfer from a foreign bank, in carrying 
                out the activity; or
                  ``(D) resides abroad.
  ``(g) Substantial Assistance Defined.--As used in this 
section, the term `substantial assistance' means, with respect 
to an activity prohibited by paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of 
subsection (a), involvement with an intent to facilitate 
successful completion of the activity.''.
                              ----------                              


10. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Slotkin of Michigan or 
                 Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 54, insert after line 14 the following:

Subtitle C--Assessment of Exemption of Registration Requirements Under 
                     FARA for Registered Lobbyists

SEC. 321. ASSESSMENT OF EXEMPTION OF REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS UNDER 
                    FARA FOR REGISTERED LOBBYISTS.

  Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct and submit to Congress an assessment of the 
implications of the exemption provided under the Foreign Agents 
Registration Act of 1938, as amended (22 U.S.C. 611 et seq.) 
for agents of foreign principals who are also registered 
lobbyists under the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 
1601 et seq.), and shall include in the assessment an analysis 
of the extent to which revisions in such Acts might mitigate 
the risk of foreign government money influencing elections or 
political processes in the United States.
                              ----------                              


11. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Sherrill of New Jersey 
               or Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 41, line 1, strike ``60'' and insert ``90''.
  Page 42, line 11, strike ``60'' and insert ``90''.
  Page 45, line 20, strike ``60'' and insert ``90''.
                              ----------                              


 12. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Cunningham of South 
           Carolina or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 33, line 7, strike ``and''
  Page 33, insert after line 7 the following (and redesignate 
the succeeding provision accordingly):
          ``(2) an analysis of the extent to which illicit 
        foreign money was used to carry out disinformation and 
        propaganda campaigns focused on depressing turnout 
        among African-American and other minority communities 
        and the success or failure of these efforts, together 
        with recommendations to address these efforts in future 
        elections; and''.
                              ----------                              


 13. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Cunningham of South 
           Carolina or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 33, line 7, strike ``and''
  Page 33, insert after line 7 the following (and redesignate 
the succeeding provision accordingly):
          ``(2) an analysis of the extent to which illicit 
        foreign money was used to carry out disinformation and 
        propaganda campaigns focused on influencing military 
        and veteran communities and the success or failure of 
        these efforts, together with recommendations to address 
        these efforts in future elections; and''.
                              ----------                              


14. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Spanberger of Virginia 
               or Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 23, line 8, strike ``and a list'' and insert ``a list''.
  Page 23, line 11, strike the period and insert the following: 
``, and, if the person purchasing the advertisement is acting 
as the agent of a foreign principal under the Foreign Agents 
Registration Act of 1938, as amended (22 U.S.C. 611 et seq.), a 
statement that the person is acting as the agent of a foreign 
principal and the identification of the foreign principal 
involved.''.

                                  [all]