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116th Congress    }                                 {   Rept. 116-285
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                 {          Part 1

======================================================================



 
       MULTINATIONAL SPECIES CONSERVATION FUNDS SEMIPOSTAL STAMP 
                      REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2019

                                _______
                                

               November 13, 2019.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Grijalva, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 1446]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Natural Resources, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 1446) to require the United States Postal 
Service to continue selling the Multinational Species 
Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp until all remaining stamps 
are sold, and for other purposes, having considered the same, 
report favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend that 
the bill as amended do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Multinational Species Conservation 
Funds Semipostal Stamp Reauthorization Act of 2019''.

SEC. 2. REAUTHORIZATION; REQUIREMENT TO SELL ALL STAMPS.

  (a) In General.--Section 2(c) of the Multinational Species 
Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp Act of 2010 (39 U.S.C. 416 note; 
Public Law 111-241) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by striking ``of at least 6 years,''; and
                  (B) by inserting before the period at the end the 
                following: ``and ending not earlier than the date on 
                which the United States Postal Service provides notice 
                to Congress under paragraph (5)''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) Requirement to sell all stamps printed.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The United States Postal Service 
                shall sell each copy of the Multinational Species 
                Conservation Fund Semipostal Stamp that the United 
                States Postal Service prints under this Act.
                  ``(B) Notification of congress.--The United States 
                Postal Service shall notify the Committee on Homeland 
                Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the 
                Committee on Oversight and Reform of the House of 
                Representatives when all copies of the Multinational 
                Species Conservation Fund Semipostal Stamp printed 
                under this Act have been sold.''.
  (b) Retroactive Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect as if enacted on the day after the date of enactment 
of the Multinational Species Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp 
Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-165; 128 Stat. 1878).

                          Purpose of the Bill

    The purpose of H.R. 1446 is to require the United States 
Postal Service to continue selling the Multinational Species 
Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp until all remaining stamps 
are sold.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    The Multinational Species Conservation Funds Semipostal 
Stamp Act of 2010\1\ authorized a semipostal stamp from the 
U.S. Postal Service to support international conservation 
efforts. A semipostal stamp is a postage stamp that is sold at 
a higher rate than the normal price for an ordinary one-ounce 
first-class stamp. The extra charge serves as a contribution by 
the purchaser to a specific fund or cause.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ Pub. L. No. 111-241, 124 Stat. 2605 (2010) (codified at 39 
U.S.C. Sec. 416 note).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    A portion of the proceeds of the Multinational Species 
Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamps is transferred to the U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), which divides the funds among 
the Multinational Species Conservation Funds (MSCF). The MSCF 
include five grant programs: the African Elephant Conservation 
Fund, the Asian Elephant Conservation Fund, the Great Ape 
Conservation Fund, the Marine Turtle Conservation Fund, and the 
Rhinoceros and Tiger Conservation Fund, all reauthorized in 
S.47, the John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and 
Recreation Act,\2\ signed into law earlier this year.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ Pub. L. No. 116-9, Sec. 7001(c), 133 Stat. 580, 784-88 (2019).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    According to the FWS, the sale of nearly 51 million MSCF 
semipostal stamps has raised more than $5.7 million for the 
MSCF,\3\ supporting conservation projects related to anti-
poaching efforts, conservation capacity building, community 
engagement and outreach, habitat restoration, and raising 
public awareness of wildlife trafficking.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\ Hearing on H.R. 967, H.R. 1162, H.R. 1446, H.R. 1976, H.R. 
2473, H.R. 2685, Migratory Bird Protection Act Discussion Draft Before 
the Subcomm. on Water, Oceans & Wildlife of the H. Comm. on Nat. Res., 
116th Cong. (2019) (statement for the record of the U.S. Dep't of the 
Interior), https://docs.house.gov/meetings/II/II13/20190613/109633/
HHRG-116-II13-20190613-SD008.pdf.
    \4\ Pervaze A. Sheikh, Michelle D. Christensen & Kalyn R. Dorheim, 
Cong. Research Serv., R44809, Multinational Species Conservation Fund 
Semipostal Stamp 3 (2017).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The authorization for offering the MSCF semipostal stamp 
expired in 2017, at which point the U.S. Postal Service 
suspended the sale of the stamp, despite still having more than 
49 million printed and unsold stamps on hand at this time.\5\ 
H.R. 1446 reauthorizes the MSCF semipostal stamp until all 
stamps that have been printed have been sold.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\ Hearing, supra note 3, at 2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                            Committee Action

    H.R. 1446 was introduced on February 28, 2019, by 
Representative Wm. Lacy Clay (D-MO). The bill was referred to 
the Committee on Oversight and Reform, and in addition to the 
Committee on Natural Resources. Within the latter Committee, 
the bill was referred to the Subcommittee on Water, Oceans, and 
Wildlife. On June 13, 2019, the Subcommittee held a hearing on 
the bill. On September 18, 2019, the Natural Resources 
Committee met to consider the bill. The Subcommittee was 
discharged by unanimous consent. Chair Raul Grijalva (D-AZ) 
offered an amendment designated Grijalva #1, which was adopted 
by unanimous consent. No additional amendments were offered, 
and the bill, as amended, was ordered favorably reported to the 
House of Representatives by unanimous consent.

                                Hearings

    For the purposes of section 103(i) of H.Res. 6 of the 116th 
Congress--the following hearing was used to develop or consider 
H.R. 1446: legislative hearing by the Subcommittee on Water, 
Oceans, and Wildlife held on June 13, 2019.

            Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

           Compliance With House Rule XIII and Congressional 
                               Budget Act

    1. Cost of Legislation and the Congressional Budget Act. 
With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) and (3) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
sections 308(a) and 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974, the Committee has received the following estimate for the 
bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                  Washington, DC, November 7, 2019.
Hon. Raul M. Grijalva,
Chairman, Committee on Natural Resources,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 1446, the 
Multinational Species Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp 
Reauthorization Act of 2019.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Mark 
Grabowicz.
            Sincerely,
                                         Phillip L. Swagel,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.

              [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]
    

    The Multinational Species Conservation Funds Semipostal 
Stamp Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-241) directed the Postal 
Service (USPS) to issue a special stamp for first-class mail. 
Any amounts collected from the special stamp (called a 
semipostal), after accounting for USPS administrative costs, 
were transferred to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 
for programs to support endangered species. The Postal Service 
stopped selling these stamps at the end of 2018; H.R. 1446 
would direct USPS to continue selling these stamps until all 
remaining stamps are sold.
    CBO anticipates that the Postal Service would charge 60 
cents for each multinational species semipostal stamp, and that 
payments above the regular first-class postage rate (currently 
55 cents) would be treated as offsetting collections (that is, 
as a credit against spending) of the Postal Service. Based on 
past sales of this semipostal, we expect that the increase in 
offsetting collections under H.R. 1446 would be less than $1 
million annually. The collections and spending by the Postal 
Service, including the transfer to the USFWS, are classified as 
off-budget. The receipt of the transfer and subsequent spending 
by the USFWS are classified as on budget. CBO estimates that 
both agencies would spend their collections soon after they 
receive them so that the net change in outlays for both 
agencies would not be significant in any year.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Mark Grabowicz. 
The estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.
    2. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general performance goals and 
objectives of this bill are to require the United States Postal 
Service to continue selling the Multinational Species 
Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp until all remaining stamps 
are sold.

                           Earmark Statement

    This bill does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined 
under clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

                 Unfunded Mandates Reform Act Statement

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                           Existing Programs

    This bill does not establish or reauthorize a program of 
the federal government known to be duplicative of another 
program.

                  Applicability to Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

               Preemption of State, Local, or Tribal Law

    Any preemptive effect of this bill over state, local, or 
tribal law is intended to be consistent with the bill's 
purposes and text and the Supremacy Clause of Article VI of the 
U.S. Constitution.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

 MULTINATIONAL SPECIES CONSERVATION FUNDS SEMIPOSTAL STAMP ACT OF 2010




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SEC. 2. MULTINATIONAL SPECIES CONSERVATION FUNDS SEMIPOSTAL STAMP.

  (a) In general.--In order to afford a convenient way for 
members of the public to contribute to funding for the 
operations supported by the Multinational Species Conservation 
Funds, the United States Postal Service shall issue a 
semipostal stamp (hereinafter in this Act referred to as the 
``Multinational Species Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp'') 
in accordance with succeeding provisions of this section.
  (b) Cost and Use.--
          (1) In general.--The Multinational Species 
        Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp shall be offered at 
        a cost equal to the cost of mailing a letter weighing 1 
        ounce or less at the nonautomation single-piece first-
        ounce letter rate, in effect at the time of purchase, 
        plus a differential of not less than 15 percent.
          (2) Voluntary use.--The use of any semipostal issued 
        under this section shall be voluntary on the part of 
        postal patrons.
          (3) Special rate.--The special rate of postage of an 
        individual stamp under this section shall be an amount 
        that is evenly divisible by 5.
  (c) Other Terms and Conditions.--The issuance and sale of the 
Multinational Species Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp shall 
be governed by the provisions of section 416 of title 39, 
United States Code, and regulations issued under such section, 
subject to subsection (b) and the following:
          (1) Disposition of proceeds.--
                  (A) In general.--All amounts becoming 
                available from the sale of the Multinational 
                Species Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp (as 
                determined under section 416(d) of such title 
                39) shall be transferred to the United States 
                Fish and Wildlife Service, for the purpose 
                described in subsection (a), through payments 
                which shall be made at least twice a year, with 
                the proceeds to be divided equally among the 
                African Elephant Conservation Fund, the Asian 
                Elephant Conservation Fund, the Great Ape 
                Conservation Fund, the Marine Turtle 
                Conservation Fund, the Rhinoceros and Tiger 
                Conservation Fund, and other international 
                wildlife conservation funds authorized by the 
                Congress after the date of the enactment of 
                this Act and administered by the Service as 
                part of the Multinational Species Conservation 
                Fund.
                  (B) Proceeds not to be offset.--In accordance 
                with section 416(d)(4) of such title 39, 
                amounts becoming available from the sale of the 
                Multinational Species Conservation Funds 
                Semipostal Stamp (as so determined) shall not 
                be taken into account in any decision relating 
                to the level of appropriations or other Federal 
                funding to be furnished in any year to--
                          (i) the United States Fish and 
                        Wildlife Service; or
                          (ii) any of the funds identified in 
                        subparagraph (A).
          (2) Duration.--The Multinational Species Conservation 
        Funds Semipostal Stamp shall be made available to the 
        public for a period [of at least 6 years,] beginning no 
        later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act and ending not earlier than the date on which 
        the United States Postal Service provides notice to 
        Congress under paragraph (5).
          (3) Limitation.--The Multinational Species 
        Conservation Funds Semipostal Stamp shall not be 
        subject to, or taken into account for purposes of 
        applying, any limitation under section 416(e)(1)(C) of 
        such title 39.
          (4) Restriction on use of funds.--Amounts transferred 
        under paragraph (1) shall not be used to fund or 
        support the Wildlife Without Borders Program or to 
        supplement funds made available for the Neotropical 
        Migratory Bird Conservation Fund.
          (5) Requirement to sell all stamps printed.--
                  (A) In general.--The United States Postal 
                Service shall sell each copy of the 
                Multinational Species Conservation Fund 
                Semipostal Stamp that the United States Postal 
                Service prints under this Act.
                  (B) Notification of congress.--The United 
                States Postal Service shall notify the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
                Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Oversight and Reform of the House of 
                Representatives when all copies of the 
                Multinational Species Conservation Fund 
                Semipostal Stamp printed under this Act have 
                been sold.
  (d) Definition.--For purposes of this Act, the term 
``semipostal stamp'' refers to a stamp described in section 
416(a)(1) of title 39, United States Code.

              [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

        Supplemental, Minority, Additional, or Dissenting Views

    None.

                                  [all]