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 116th Congress   }                                    {       Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                    {      116-333
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2020


                               ----------                              


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                                S. 1790



                                     







              [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]





                                     



                December 9, 2019.--Ordered to be printed












 116th Congress   }                                    {       Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                    {      116-333
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2020


                               __________


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                                S. 1790



                                     




              [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]



                                     



                December 9, 2019.--Ordered to be printed   
                               __________

                      U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE
                      
38-396                     WASHINGTON : 2019 
                
                
                

                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              

CONFERENCE REPORT................................................     1
        JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE OF 
          CONFERENCE.............................................  1139
        Compliance with rules of the House of Representatives and 
          Senate regarding earmarks and congressionally directed 
          spending items.........................................  1139
        Summary of discretionary authorizations and budget 
          authority implication..................................  1139
        Budgetary effects of this Act (sec. 4)...................  1140
DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS.................  1140
TITLE I--PROCUREMENT.............................................  1140
    Budget Items.................................................  1140
        Columbia-class submarine advance procurement.............  1140
        Virginia-class submarine procurement and advance 
          procurement............................................  1140
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1142
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 101)...............  1142
    Subtitle B--Army Programs....................................  1142
        Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
          limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground 
          System--Army Increment 1 (sec. 111)....................  1142
    Subtitle C--Navy Programs....................................  1142
        Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines 
          (sec. 121).............................................  1142
        Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
          aircraft carriers (sec. 122)...........................  1142
        Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. 
          Stennis and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (sec. 123)..........  1143
        Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft 
          (sec. 124).............................................  1143
        Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft 
          carrier force structure (sec. 125).....................  1143
        Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for 
          Navy waterborne security barriers (sec. 126)...........  1143
        LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program (sec. 
          127)...................................................  1143
        Strategic sealift fleet vessel (sec. 128)................  1144
        Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
          designated LPD-31 (sec. 129)...........................  1144
        Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral 
          Combat Ship (sec. 130).................................  1144
        Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
          combatants (sec. 131)..................................  1144
        Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly 
          updates on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program 
          (sec. 132).............................................  1145
        Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter 
          (sec. 133).............................................  1145
        Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element 
          composition (sec. 134).................................  1145
    Subtitle D--Air Force Programs...............................  1146
        Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 
          aircraft (sec. 141)....................................  1146
        OC-135B aircraft recapitalization program (sec. 142).....  1146
        Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure 
          with National Defense Strategy (sec. 143)..............  1146
        Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-
          10 primary mission aircraft inventory (sec. 144).......  1146
        Limitation on availability of funds for F-15EX aircraft 
          program (sec. 145).....................................  1147
        Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft 
          (sec. 146).............................................  1147
        Limitation on availability of funds for RC-26B aircraft 
          (sec. 147).............................................  1147
        Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-
          135 aircraft (sec. 148)................................  1148
        Air Force aggressor squadron modernization (sec. 149)....  1148
        Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding 
          (sec. 150).............................................  1148
        Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for 
          procurement of JASSM-ER missiles (sec. 151)............  1148
        Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol (sec. 
          152)...................................................  1148
        Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative 
          of the Air Force (sec. 153)............................  1149
    Subtitle E--Defense-Wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters....  1149
        Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
          acquisition for F-35 aircraft program (sec. 161).......  1149
        Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-
          issue spare parts for the F-35 aircraft program (sec. 
          162)...................................................  1150
        Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of 
          Turkish F-35A aircraft to the United States (sec. 163).  1150
        Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps 
          software development solution as an alternative for 
          Joint Strike Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information 
          System (sec. 164)......................................  1150
        F-35 sustainment cost (sec. 165).........................  1151
        Reports on the progress and performance of the F-35 
          aircraft program (sec. 166)............................  1151
        Other reports on F-35 aircraft program (sec. 167)........  1151
        Limitation on availability of funds for communications 
          systems lacking certain resiliency features (sec. 168).  1152
        Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
          requirement (sec. 169).................................  1152
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1152
        Sense of Senate on Army's approach to capability drops 1 
          and 2 of the Distributed Common Ground System--Army 
          program................................................  1152
        Report on plans to support and maintain aircraft at 
          Marine Corps air stations..............................  1153
        Capabilities based assessment for naval vessels that 
          carry fixed-wing aircraft..............................  1153
        Modification of limitation on use of funds for KC-46A 
          aircraft...............................................  1153
        Increase in funding for RC-135 aircraft mission training 
          systems................................................  1153
TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION............  1154
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1154
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 201)...............  1154
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and 
      Limitations................................................  1154
        Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of 
          members of Armed Forces for careers in science, 
          technology, engineering, and mathematics (sec. 211)....  1154
        Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management 
          authority to attract experts in science and engineering 
          (sec. 212).............................................  1154
        Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense 
          Innovation Unit (sec. 213).............................  1154
        Research and educational programs and activities for 
          Historically Black Colleges and Universities and 
          Minority-Serving Institutions of Higher Education (sec. 
          214)...................................................  1155
        Modification of authority for prizes for advanced 
          technology achievements (sec. 215).....................  1155
        Joint hypersonics transition office (sec. 216)...........  1155
        Modification of proof of concept commercialization 
          program (sec. 217).....................................  1156
        Modification of authority and addition of technology 
          areas for expedited access to technical talent (sec. 
          218)...................................................  1156
        Expansion of coordination in support of national security 
          innovation and entrepreneurial education (sec. 219)....  1156
        Modification of defense quantum information science and 
          technology research and development program (sec. 220).  1156
        Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence 
          and development of capabilities by adversaries (sec. 
          221)...................................................  1157
        Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group (sec. 
          222)...................................................  1157
        Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology 
          Program (sec. 223).....................................  1158
        Requiring defense microelectronics products and services 
          meet trusted supply chain and operational security 
          standards (sec. 224)...................................  1158
        Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, 
          low probability of detection data link network 
          capability (sec. 225)..................................  1158
        Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network 
          (5G) infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training 
          Range and base infrastructure (sec. 226)...............  1159
        Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes 
          funded by the Department of Defense (sec. 227).........  1159
        Research program on foreign malign influence operations 
          (sec. 228).............................................  1159
        Diversification of the research and engineering workforce 
          of the Department of Defense (sec. 229)................  1160
        Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
          software professionals (sec. 230)......................  1160
        Digital engineering capability to automate testing and 
          evaluation (sec. 231)..................................  1161
        Process to align policy formulation and emerging 
          technology development (sec. 232)......................  1161
        Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 233).......................  1161
        Pilot program on enhanced civics education (sec. 234)....  1162
        Technology and national security fellowship (sec. 235)...  1162
        Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management 
          System (sec. 236)......................................  1162
        Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft 
          (sec. 237).............................................  1163
        Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies 
          (sec. 238).............................................  1163
        Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research 
          Program, Environmental Security Technical Certification 
          Program, and Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
          (sec. 239).............................................  1163
        Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection 
          Capability Increment 2 capability (sec. 240)...........  1163
    Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters................  1164
        Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
          science and technology reinvention laboratories (sec. 
          251)...................................................  1164
        Infrastructure to support research, development, test, 
          and evaluation missions (sec. 252).....................  1164
        Energetics plan (sec. 253)...............................  1165
        Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
          information and communications technologies (sec. 254).  1165
        Department-wide software science and technology strategy 
          (sec. 255).............................................  1165
        Artificial intelligence education strategy (sec. 256)....  1166
        Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and 
          reports (sec. 257).....................................  1166
        Report on B-52 commercial engine replacement program 
          (sec. 258).............................................  1166
        Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices 
          for Department of Defense warfighting systems (sec. 
          259)...................................................  1166
        Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
          Center (sec. 260)......................................  1167
        Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting 
          Vehicle program (sec. 261).............................  1167
        National Study on Defense Research at Historically Black 
          Colleges and Universities and Other Minority 
          Institutions (sec. 262)................................  1167
        Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for 
          the Department of Defense (sec. 263)...................  1167
        Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to 
          Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office (sec. 264)  1168
        Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
          programs (sec. 265)....................................  1168
        Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program 
          (sec. 266).............................................  1168
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1168
        Electromagnetic spectrum sharing research and development 
          program................................................  1168
        Report on modernization of information technology and 
          infrastructure for electromagnetic spectrum management 
          (sec. 261).............................................
        Sense of Congress on the importance of continued 
          coordination of studies and analysis research of the 
          Department of Defense..................................  1169
        Musculoskeletal injury prevention research...............  1169
        STEM jobs action plan....................................  1169
        Briefing on cooperative defense technology programs and 
          risks of technology transfer to China or Russia........  1169
        Increase in funding for basic operational medical 
          research science.......................................  1170
        Funding for the Sea-Launched Cruise Missile-Nuclear 
          analysis of alternatives...............................  1170
        Increase in funding for university research initiatives..  1170
        Review and assessment pertaining to transition of 
          Department of Defense-originated dual-use technology...  1170
        Quantum Information Science Innovation Center............  1171
        Increase in funding for Naval University Research 
          Initiatives............................................  1172
        Increase in funding for university and industry research 
          centers................................................  1172
        Increase in funding for national security innovation 
          capital................................................  1172
        Increase in funding for Air Force University Research 
          Initiatives............................................  1172
        Increase in funding for Naval University Research 
          Initiatives............................................  1172
        Independent study on threats to United States national 
          security from development of hypersonic weapons by 
          foreign nations........................................  1173
        Report on innovation investments and management..........  1173
        Increase in funding for Army University Research 
          Initiatives............................................  1173
        Funding for anti-tamper heterogenous integrated 
          microelectronics.......................................  1174
        Briefing on use of blockchain technology for defense 
          purposes...............................................  1174
        Efforts to counter manipulated media content.............  1174
        Additional amounts for research, development, test, and 
          evaluation.............................................  1175
        Briefing on explainable artificial intelligence..........  1175
TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE.............................  1176
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1176
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 301)...............  1176
    Subtitle B--Energy and Environment...........................  1176
        Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for 
          energy projects that may have an adverse impact on 
          military operations and readiness (sec. 311)...........  1176
        Authority to accept contributions of funds from 
          applicants for energy projects for mitigation of 
          impacts on military operations and readiness (sec. 312)  1176
        Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials (sec. 
          313)...................................................  1177
        Disposal of recyclable materials (sec. 314)..............  1177
        Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
          utility systems serving military installations (sec. 
          315)...................................................  1177
        Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
          restoration authorities to include Federal Government 
          facilities used by National Guard (sec. 316)...........  1177
        Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
          Defense (sec. 317).....................................  1177
        Sale of electricity from alternate energy and 
          cogeneration production facilities (sec. 318)..........  1178
        Energy resilience programs and activities (sec. 319).....  1178
        Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of 
          obsolete provisions relating to energy (sec. 320)......  1178
        Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
          health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances contamination in drinking water by Agency 
          for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (sec. 321)...  1178
        Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
          fluorine-free fire-fighting agent (sec. 322)...........  1178
        Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated 
          aqueous film-forming foam at military installations 
          (sec. 323).............................................  1179
        Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming 
          foam for training exercises (sec. 324).................  1179
        Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where 
          tactical fighter aircraft operate (sec. 325)...........  1179
        Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk 
          assessment tool (sec. 326).............................  1180
        Removal of barriers that discourage investments to 
          increase military installation resilience (sec. 327)...  1180
        Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
          weather (sec. 328).....................................  1180
        Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and 
          Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food 
          Packaging (sec. 329)...................................  1180
        Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances or aqueous film-forming foam (sec. 330).....  1180
        Agreements to share monitoring data relating to 
          perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other 
          contaminants of concern (sec. 331).....................  1181
        Cooperative agreements with States to address 
          contamination by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances (sec. 332)..................................  1181
        Plan to phase out use of burn pits (sec. 333)............  1181
        Information relating to locations of burn pit use (sec. 
          334)...................................................  1181
        Data quality review of radium testing conducted at 
          certain locations of the Department of the Navy (sec. 
          335)...................................................  1182
        Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for 
          certain costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army 
          Ammunition Plant, Minnesota (sec. 336).................  1182
        Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds 
          for increased combat capability through energy 
          optimization (sec. 337)................................  1182
        Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at 
          military installations (sec. 338)......................  1182
    Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military 
      Installations..............................................  1183
        Treatment of contaminated water near military 
          installations (secs. 341-345)..........................  1183
    Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment........................  1183
        Materiel readiness metrics and objectives (sec. 351).....  1183
        Clarification of authority regarding use of working 
          capital funds for unspecified minor military 
          construction projects related to revitalization and 
          recapitalization of defense industrial base facilities 
          (sec. 352).............................................  1183
        Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
          deployment of naval vessels (sec. 353).................  1183
        Extension of temporary installation reutilization 
          authority for arsenals, depots, and plants (sec. 354)..  1184
        F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment (sec. 355).........  1184
        Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
          equipment (sec. 356)...................................  1184
        Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical 
          shipbuilding skills (sec. 357).........................  1184
        Requirement for military department inter-service depot 
          maintenance (sec. 358).................................  1184
        Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of 
          the Department of Defense (sec. 359)...................  1185
    Subtitle E--Reports..........................................  1185
        Readiness reporting (sec. 361)...........................  1185
        Technical correction to deadline for transition to 
          Defense Readiness Reporting System Strategic (sec. 362)  1185
        Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget (sec. 363)..  1185
        Report on Runit Dome (sec. 364)..........................  1185
        Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
          ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military 
          units (sec. 365).......................................  1185
        Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
          readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense 
          (sec. 366).............................................  1186
    Subtitle F--Other Matters....................................  1186
        Prevention of encroachment on military training routes 
          and military operation areas (sec. 371)................  1186
        Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
          adoption of military animals (sec. 372)................  1186
        Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
          Department of Defense reimbursement rate for 
          transportation services provided to certain non-
          Department of Defense entities (sec. 373)..............  1187
        Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
          issue non-premium aviation insurance (sec. 374)........  1187
        Defense personal property program (sec. 375).............  1187
        Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility 
          (sec. 376).............................................  1188
        Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
          program (sec. 377).....................................  1188
        Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal (sec. 
          378)...................................................  1188
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1188
        Funding for Army Community Services......................  1188
        Increase in funding for civil military programs..........  1188
        Authority to make final finding on designation of 
          geographic areas of concern for purposes of energy 
          projects with adverse impacts on military operations 
          and readiness..........................................  1189
        Native American Indian lands environmental mitigation 
          program................................................  1189
        Offshore energy development..............................  1189
        Comptroller General report on environmental cleanup of 
          Vieques and Culebra, Puerto Rico.......................  1189
        Comptroller General study on PFAS contamination..........  1190
        Prohibition on use of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances for land-based applications 
          of firefighting foam...................................  1191
        Study on energy savings performance contracts............  1191
        Findings, purpose, and apology...........................  1191
        Limitation on use of funds for implementation of elements 
          of master plan for redevelopment of Former Ship Repair 
          Facility in Guam.......................................  1192
        Report on effects of increased automation of defense 
          industrial base on manufacturing workforce.............  1192
        Report on modernization of Joint Pacific Alaska Range 
          Complex................................................  1192
        Comptroller General study of out-of-pocket costs for 
          service dress uniforms.................................  1193
        Inspector General audit of certain commercial depot 
          maintenance contracts..................................  1194
        Report on plan to decontaminate sites formerly used by 
          the Department of the Army that have since been 
          transferred to units of local government and are 
          affected by pollutants that are, in whole or in part, a 
          result of activity by the Department of Defense........  1194
        Limitation on use of funds regarding the basing of KC-46A 
          aircraft outside the continental United States.........  1195
        Pilot program on reduction of effects of military 
          aviation noise on private residences...................  1195
        Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
          beverages provided by the Department of Defense........  1195
        Completion of Department of Defense Directive 2310.07E 
          regarding missing persons..............................  1195
        Briefing on plans to increase readiness of B-1 bomber 
          aircraft...............................................  1196
        Sense of Senate on prioritizing survivable logistics for 
          the Department of Defense..............................  1196
        Plan on sustainment of Rough Terrain Container Handler 
          fleets.................................................  1197
TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS......................  1197
    Subtitle A--Active Forces....................................  1197
        End strengths for active forces (sec. 401)...............  1197
        Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels (sec. 402)......................................  1197
    Subtitle B--Reserve Forces...................................  1197
        End strengths for Selected Reserve (sec. 411)............  1197
        End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of 
          the reserves (sec. 412)................................  1198
        End strengths for military technicians (dual status) 
          (sec. 413).............................................  1198
        Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
          active duty for operational support (sec. 414).........  1198
        Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active 
          duty (sec. 415)........................................  1199
        Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
          serving on full-time reserve component duty for 
          administration of the reserves or the National Guard 
          (sec. 416).............................................  1199
    Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1199
        Military personnel (sec. 421)............................  1199
TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY...............................  1199
    Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy.........................  1199
        Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
          component of commissioned officers previously subject 
          to original appointment in other type of component 
          (sec. 501).............................................  1199
        Furnishing of adverse information on officers to 
          promotion selection boards (sec. 502)..................  1200
        Limitation on number of officers recommendable for 
          promotion by promotion selection boards (sec. 503).....  1200
        Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
          officers in certain military specialties and career 
          tracks (sec. 504)......................................  1200
        Management policies for joint qualified officers (sec. 
          505)...................................................  1200
        Modification of authorities on management of deployments 
          of members of the Armed Forces and related unit 
          operating and personnel tempo matters (sec. 506).......  1201
        Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
          Special Operations Command during periods of 
          inapplicability of high-deployment limitations (sec. 
          507)...................................................  1201
        Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement 
          of chaplains in general and flag officer grades (sec. 
          508)...................................................  1201
        Higher grade in retirement for officers following 
          reopening of determination or certification of retired 
          grade (sec. 509).......................................  1201
        Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers 
          of particular merit be placed higher on promotion list 
          (sec. 510).............................................  1202
        Availability on the internet of certain information about 
          officers serving in general or flag officer grades 
          (sec. 510A)............................................  1202
        Functional badge or insignia upon commission for 
          chaplains (sec. 510B)..................................  1202
    Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management.....................  1202
        Modification of grade level threshold for Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps (sec. 511)....................  1202
        Inclusion of STEM in courses of instruction for the 
          Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (sec. 512).....  1203
        Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps units (sec. 513)..............  1203
        Clarification of eligibility to serve as Commander, 
          Marine Forces Reserve (sec. 514).......................  1203
        Extension and periodic evaluation of suicide prevention 
          and resilience program for the reserve components (sec. 
          515)...................................................  1203
        Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of 
          officers in medical specialties in the reserve 
          components (sec. 516)..................................  1203
        Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
          National Guard (sec. 517)..............................  1204
        Consultation with Chief of the National Guard Bureau in 
          the appointment or designation of National Guard 
          property and fiscal officers (sec. 518)................  1204
        Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (sec. 
          519)...................................................  1204
        Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
          officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of 
          associated active duty units (sec. 520)................  1205
        Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large 
          scale, complex and catastrophic disasters (sec. 520A)..  1205
        Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' 
          Training Corps (sec. 520B).............................  1205
        Sense of Congress on increase in number of Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps units (sec. 520C).............  1205
    Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of 
      Military Records...........................................  1206
        Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards 
          for correction of military records and discharge review 
          boards of certain claims (sec. 521)....................  1206
        Reduction in required number of members of discharge 
          review boards (sec. 522)...............................  1206
        Establishment of process to review a request for upgrade 
          of discharge or dismissal (sec. 523)...................  1207
        Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel 
          assigned to duty with a service review agency (sec. 
          524)...................................................  1207
        Training of members of boards for correction of military 
          records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, 
          intimate partner violence, spousal abuse, and related 
          matters (sec. 525).....................................  1208
        Time requirements for certification of honorable service 
          (sec. 526).............................................  1208
        Correction of certain discharge characterizations (sec. 
          527)...................................................  1208
        Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources 
          of information to determine eligibility of members and 
          former members of the Armed Forces for decorations when 
          the service records are incomplete because of damage to 
          the official record (sec. 528).........................  1209
        Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion (sec. 529)....  1209
        Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist 
          in the Armed Forces (sec. 530).........................  1209
        Feasibility study regarding notification to Secretary of 
          Homeland Security of honorable discharges of non-
          citizens (sec. 530A)...................................  1210
        Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals (sec. 
          530B)..................................................  1210
    Subtitle D--Military Justice.................................  1211
        Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
          judges and military magistrates in the interest of 
          efficiency in military justice (sec. 531)..............  1211
        Command influence (sec. 532).............................  1211
        Statute of limitations for certain offenses (sec. 533)...  1211
        Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
          courts-martial or other records of trial of the 
          military justice system (sec. 534).....................  1212
        Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
          Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
          Forces (sec. 535)......................................  1212
        Authority for return of personal property to victims of 
          sexual assault who file a Restricted Report before 
          conclusion of related proceedings (sec. 536)...........  1213
        Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
          Uniform Code of Military Justice (sec. 537)............  1213
        Notification of significant events and documentation of 
          preference for prosecution jurisdiction for victims of 
          sexual assault (sec. 538)..............................  1214
        Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for 
          certain military criminal investigative organizations 
          (sec. 539).............................................  1214
        Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
          Assistance Program liaisons (sec. 540).................  1214
        Training for sexual assault initial disposition 
          authorities on exercise of disposition authority for 
          sexual assault and collateral offenses (sec. 540A).....  1215
        Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role 
          in all stages of military justice in connection with 
          sexual assault (sec. 540B).............................  1215
        Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related 
          offenses (sec. 540C)...................................  1216
        Department of Defense-wide policy and military 
          department-specific programs on reinvigoration of the 
          prevention of sexual assault involving members of the 
          Armed Forces (sec. 540D)...............................  1216
        Recommendations on separate punitive article in the 
          Uniform Code of Military Justice on sexual harassment 
          (sec. 540E)............................................  1216
        Report on military justice system involving alternative 
          authority for determining whether to prefer or refer 
          changes for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of 
          Military Justice (sec. 540F)...........................  1217
        Report on standardization among the military departments 
          in collection and presentation of information on 
          matters within the military justice system (sec. 540G).  1217
        Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy 
          across the Armed Forces (sec. 540H)....................  1218
        Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in 
          the military justice system (sec. 540I)................  1218
        Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
          justice system (sec. 540J).............................  1219
        Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report 
          on sexual assault for victims of sexual assault 
          following certain victim or third-party communications 
          (sec. 540K)............................................  1219
        Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
          certain military dependents who are a victim or witness 
          of an offense under the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice involving abuse or exploitation (sec. 540L)....  1220
        Comptroller General of the United States report on 
          implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory 
          requirements on sexual assault prevention and response 
          in the military (sec. 540M)............................  1220
        Sense of Congress on the Port Chicago 50 (sec. 540N).....  1220
    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters..............................  1221
        Improvement of certain Special Victims' Counsel 
          authorities (sec. 541).................................  1221
        Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
          installations (sec. 542)...............................  1222
        Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
          civilian law enforcement (sec. 543)....................  1222
        Copyright protection for civilian faculty of certain 
          accredited institutions (sec. 544).....................  1223
        Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
          servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness 
          or die while in military service (sec. 545)............  1224
        Military orders required for termination of leases 
          pursuant to the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (sec. 
          546)...................................................  1224
        Preservation of right to bring class action under 
          Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (sec. 547).............  1224
        Legal counsel for victims of alleged domestic violence 
          offenses (sec. 548)....................................  1224
        Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency 
          of further administrative action following a 
          determination not to refer to trial by court-martial 
          (sec. 549).............................................  1225
        Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender 
          Program for certain purposes (sec. 550)................  1225
        Policies and procedures on registration at military 
          installations of civilian protective orders applicable 
          to members of the Armed Forces assigned to such 
          installations and certain other individuals (sec. 550A)  1226
        Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
          Misconduct (sec. 550B).................................  1226
        Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian 
          criminal justice matters in the States of the military 
          installations to which assigned (sec. 550C)............  1227
        Enhancing the capability of military criminal 
          investigative organizations to prevent and combat child 
          sexual exploitation (sec. 550D)........................  1227
        Feasibility study on establishment of database of 
          military protective orders (sec. 550E).................  1227
        GAO review of USERRA and SCRA (sec. 550F)................  1228
    Subtitle F--Member Education.................................  1229
        Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the 
          Armed Forces as students at law schools (sec. 551).....  1229
        Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense 
          STARBASE Program (sec. 552)............................  1229
        Degree granting authority for United State Army Armament 
          Graduate School; limitation on establishment of certain 
          educational institutions (sec. 553)....................  1230
        Prohibition on off-duty employment for cadets and 
          midshipmen completing obligated service after 
          graduation (sec. 554)..................................  1230
        Consideration of request for transfer of a cadet or 
          midshipman at a military service academy who is the 
          victim of a sexual assault or related offense (sec. 
          555)...................................................  1230
        Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air 
          Force Institute of Technology as the Director and 
          Chancellor of such Institute (sec. 556)................  1231
        Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
          degree programs of the Community College of the Air 
          Force (sec. 557).......................................  1231
        Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen (sec. 558).....  1231
        Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance 
          for members of the Armed Forces (sec. 559).............  1231
        Information on institutions of higher education 
          participating in the Department of Defense Tuition 
          Assistance Program (sec. 560)..........................  1231
        Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in 
          annual financial literacy briefing (sec. 560A).........  1232
        Programs to facilitate the award of private pilot's 
          certificates (sec. 560B)...............................  1232
    Subtitle G--Member Training And Transition...................  1232
        Requirement to provide information regarding benefits 
          claims to members during TAP counseling (sec. 561).....  1232
        Participation of other Federal agencies in the 
          SkillBridge apprenticeship and internship program for 
          members of the Armed Forces (sec. 562).................  1232
        First modification of elements of report on the improved 
          Transition Assistance Program (sec. 563)...............  1233
        Second modification of element of report on the improved 
          Transition Assistance Program (sec. 564)...............  1233
        Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
          Recruit Depots (sec. 565)..............................  1233
        Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction 
          of the Secretaries of the military departments (sec. 
          566)...................................................  1233
        Review of Department of Defense training programs 
          regarding disinformation campaigns (sec. 567)..........  1234
        Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
          programs (sec. 568)....................................  1234
        Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
          Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty 
          (DD Form 214) (sec. 569)...............................  1234
        Records of service for Reserves (sec. 570)...............  1234
        Limitations and requirements in connection with 
          separations for members of the Armed Forces who suffer 
          from mental health conditions in connection with a sex-
          related, intimate partner violence-related, or spousal 
          abuse offense (sec. 570A)..............................  1235
        Prohibition on involuntary separation of certain members 
          of the Armed Forces; consideration of military service 
          in removal determinations (sec. 570B)..................  1235
        Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on 
          preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 2648) (sec. 
          570C)..................................................  1236
        Counseling for members of the Armed Forces who are not 
          citizens of the United States on naturalization in the 
          United States (sec. 570D)..............................  1236
        Pilot program on information sharing between Department 
          of Defense and designated relatives and friends of 
          members of the Armed Forces regarding the experiences 
          and challenges of military service (sec. 570E).........  1236
        Connections of members retiring or separating from the 
          Armed Forces with community-based organizations and 
          related entities (sec. 570F)...........................  1236
        Pilot program regarding online application for the 
          Transition Assistance Program (sec. 570G)..............  1237
    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' 
      Education..................................................  1237
        Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption 
          in more than one increment (sec. 571)..................  1237
        Deferred deployment for members who give birth (sec. 572)  1237
        Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains 
          of a covered decedent to no more than two places 
          selected by the person designated to direct disposition 
          of the remains (sec. 573)..............................  1237
        Military funeral honors matters (sec. 574)...............  1238
        Improvement of occupational license portability for 
          relocated spouses of members of the uniformed services 
          (sec. 575).............................................  1238
        Continued eligibility for education and training 
          opportunities for spouses of promoted members (sec. 
          576)...................................................  1238
        Modification to authority to reimburse for State 
          licensure and certification costs of a spouse of a 
          servicemember arising from relocation (sec. 577).......  1239
        Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer 
          entitlement under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance 
          Program (sec. 578).....................................  1239
        Annual State report card (sec. 579)......................  1240
        Improvements to child care for members of the Armed 
          Forces (sec. 580)......................................  1240
        Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses 
          for next of kin (sec. 580A)............................  1240
        Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
          representative groups of survivors of deceased members 
          of the Armed Forces (sec. 580B)........................  1241
        Information and opportunities for registration for voting 
          and absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed 
          Forces undergoing deployment overseas (sec. 580C)......  1241
        Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking (sec. 
          580D)..................................................  1242
        Assistance to schools with military dependent students 
          (sec. 580E)............................................  1242
        First expansion of the My Career Advancement Account 
          program for military spouses (sec. 580F)...............  1243
        Second expansion of the My Career Advancement Account 
          program for military spouses (sec. 580G)...............  1243
        Report on training and support available to military 
          spouses (sec. 580H)....................................  1243
        Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
          Garrison--Kwajelein Atoll (sec. 580I)..................  1243
    Subtitle I--Decorations And Awards...........................  1244
        Modification of authorities on eligibility for and 
          replacement of gold star lapel buttons (sec. 581)......  1244
        Standardization of honorable service requirement for 
          award of military decorations (sec. 582)...............  1244
        Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. 
          Duffy for acts of valor in Vietnam (sec. 583)..........  1244
        Review of World War I Valor Medals (sec. 584)............  1244
    Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters..........  1245
        Clarification of the term ``assault'' for purposes of 
          Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys (sec. 591)......  1245
        Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
          permanent disabled retirement lists in military 
          adaptive sports programs (sec. 592)....................  1245
        Questions in surveys regarding extremist activity in the 
          workplace (sec. 593)...................................  1245
        Study on best practices for providing financial literacy 
          education for separating members of the Armed Forces 
          (sec. 594).............................................  1246
        Report on oversight of authorized strengths of certain 
          grades of commissioned regular and reserve officers of 
          the Armed Forces (sec. 595)............................  1246
        Report on certain waivers (sec. 596).....................  1246
        Notifications on manning of afloat naval forces (sec. 
          597)...................................................  1247
        Report regarding use of aerial systems of the Department 
          of Defense to support agencies of States, Territories, 
          and the Federal Government (sec. 598)..................  1247
        Information for members of the Armed Forces on 
          availability of services of the Department of Veterans 
          Affairs relating to sexual trauma (sec. 599)...........  1248
        Authority to issue an honorary promotion to Colonel 
          Charles E. McGee, United States Air Force (ret.), to 
          the grade of brigadier general (sec. 599A).............  1248
        Authority to issue an honorary and posthumous promotion 
          to Lieutenant Colonel Richard Cole, United States Air 
          Force (ret.), to the grade of colonel (sec. 599B)......  1248
        Sense of Congress on the honorable and distinguished 
          service of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States 
          Marine Corps, to the United States (sec. 599C).........  1249
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1249
        Grade of Chief of Veterinary Corps of the Army...........  1249
        Report on rate of maternal mortality among members of the 
          Armed Forces...........................................  1249
        JROTC Computer Science and Cybersecurity Program.........  1250
        Sense of Congress regarding the National Guard Youth 
          Challenge Program......................................  1250
        Report on expansion of the Close Airman Support team 
          approach of the Air Force to the other Armed Forces....  1251
        National guard support to major disasters................  1251
        Report regarding National Guard Youth Challenge Program..  1251
        Temporary authority to use Air Force reserve component 
          personnel to provide training and instruction regarding 
          pilot training.........................................  1251
        Enactment and expansion of policy on withholding of 
          initial disposition authority for certain offenses 
          under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.............  1252
        Advisory Committee on record and service review boards...  1252
        Prohibition on implementation of military service 
          suitability determinations for foreign nationals who 
          are lawful permanent residents.........................  1252
        Independent Study on barriers to entry into the Armed 
          Forces for English learners............................  1253
        Reenlistment waivers for persons separated from the Armed 
          Forces who commit one misdemeanor cannabis offense.....  1253
        Recognition and honoring of service of individuals who 
          served in United States Cadet Nurse Corps during World 
          War II.................................................  1253
        Nondiscrimination with respect to service in the Armed 
          Forces.................................................  1254
        Report on mechanisms to enhance the integration and 
          synchronization of activities of Special Victim 
          Investigation and Prosecution personnel with activities 
          of military criminal investigative organizations.......  1254
        Pilot program on prosecution of special victim offenses 
          committed by attendees of military service academies...  1254
        Standard of evidence applicable to investigations and 
          reviews related to protected communications of members 
          of the Armed Forces and prohibited retaliatory actions.  1255
        Repeal of 15-year statute of limitations on motions or 
          requests for review of discharge or dismissal from the 
          Armed Forces...........................................  1255
        Consultation regarding victim's preference in prosecution 
          jurisdiction...........................................  1255
        Safe to Report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.  1255
        Preliminary inquiry on Arlington National Cemetery burial  1256
        Limitation on waiver of rights and protections under 
          Servicemembers Civil Relief Act........................  1256
        Effective date of rule regarding payday lending 
          protections............................................  1256
        Strengthening civilian and military partnerships to 
          respond to domestic and sexual violence................  1256
        Education of Members of the Armed Forces on Career 
          Readiness and Professional Development.................  1257
        Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.......  1257
        Liberal consideration of evidence in certain claims by 
          boards for the correction of military records and 
          discharge review boards................................  1257
        Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program......  1258
        Congressional nominations for Senior Reserve Officers' 
          Training Corps scholarships............................  1258
        Survey of members of the Armed Forces on their 
          experiences with military investigations and military 
          justice................................................  1258
        Safe-to-Report policy applicable to military service 
          academies..............................................  1259
        Recoupment of funds from cadets and midshipmen separated 
          for criminal misconduct................................  1259
        Support of military service academy foundations..........  1259
        Medical personnel at Marine Corps recruit depots.........  1260
        Inclusion of Specific Email Address Block on Certificate 
          of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214).  1260
        Consecutive service of service obligation in connection 
          with payment of tuition for off-duty training or 
          education for commissioned officers of the Armed Forces 
          with any other service obligations.....................  1260
        Expansion and renaming of the Troops-to-Teachers Program.  1261
        Transition outreach pilot program........................  1261
        Assessment and study of Transition Assistance Program....  1261
        Information regarding county veterans service officers...  1261
        Notice to separating servicemembers of rights under the 
          Servicemembers Civil Relief Act........................  1262
        Modification of responsibility of the Office of Special 
          Needs for individualized service plans for members of 
          military families with special needs...................  1262
        Direct employment pilot program for members of the 
          National Guard and Reserve, veterans, their spouses and 
          dependents, and members of gold star families..........  1263
        Pilot program to fund non-profit organizations that 
          support military families..............................  1263
        Increase in assistance to certain local educational 
          agencies...............................................  1263
        Assistance for deployment-related support of members of 
          the Armed Forces undergoing deployment and their 
          families beyond the Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program  1263
        Briefing on use of Family Advocacy Programs to address 
          domestic violence......................................  1263
        Establishment of the Atomic Veterans Service Medal.......  1264
        Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Alwyn 
          Cashe for acts of valor during Operation Iraqi Freedom.  1264
        Eligibility of veterans of Operation End Sweep for 
          Vietnam Service Medal..................................  1264
        Authority to award or present a decoration not previously 
          recommended in a timely fashion following a review 
          requested by Congress..................................  1264
        Authority to make posthumous and honorary promotions and 
          appointments following a review requested by Congress..  1265
        Repeal of quarterly report on end strengths..............  1265
        Expressing support for the designation of a ``Gold Star 
          Families Remembrance Day''.............................  1265
        Sense of Congress regarding the High-Altitude Army 
          National Guard Aviation Training Site..................  1265
TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS..............  1266
    Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances...............................  1266
        Clarification of continuation of pays during 
          hospitalization and rehabilitation resulting from 
          wounds, injury, or illness incurred while on duty in a 
          hostile fire area or exposed to an event of hostile 
          fire or other hostile action (sec. 601)................  1266
        Continued entitlements while a member of the Armed Forces 
          participates in a career intermission program (sec. 
          602)...................................................  1266
        Exemption from repayment of voluntary separation pay 
          (sec. 603).............................................  1266
        Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
          eligibility for retired pay for non-regular service 
          (sec. 604).............................................  1266
        Temporary adjustment of rates of basic allowance for 
          housing following determination that local civilian 
          housing costs significantly differ from such rates 
          (sec. 605).............................................  1267
        Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of 
          Defense (sec. 606).....................................  1267
        Addition of partial dislocation allowance to allowable 
          travel and transportation expenses for servicemembers 
          (sec. 607).............................................  1267
        Reductions on account of earnings from work performed 
          while entitled to an annuity supplement (sec. 608).....  1267
        Increase in basic pay (sec. 609).........................  1268
    Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays...............  1268
        One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special 
          pay authorities (sec. 611).............................  1268
    Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits.....................  1268
        Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional 
          compensation for dependents to dependents of current 
          members (sec. 621).....................................  1268
        Phase-out of reduction of Survivor Benefit Plan survivor 
          annuities by amount of dependency and indemnity 
          compensation (sec. 622)................................  1268
        Death gratuity for ROTC graduates (sec. 623).............  1268
        Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
          civilian providers of child care services or youth 
          program services who provide such services to survivors 
          of members of the Armed Forces who die in combat in the 
          line of duty (sec. 624)................................  1269
        Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC 
          graduates (sec. 625)...................................  1269
    Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters...........................  1269
        Defense resale system matters (sec. 631).................  1269
        Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally 
          sourced products (sec. 632)............................  1270
        GAO review of defense resale optimization study (sec. 
          633)...................................................  1270
    Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges.......  1271
        Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
          privileges to Foreign Service officers on mandatory 
          home leave (sec. 641)..................................  1271
        Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging 
          program (sec. 642).....................................  1271
    Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters........................  1271
        Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation 
          of retired general or flag officers by foreign 
          governments for emoluments clause purposes (sec. 651)..  1271
        Report regarding transition from overseas housing 
          allowance to basic allowance for housing for 
          servicemembers in the territories (sec. 652)...........  1271
        Report on extension to members of the reserve components 
          of the Armed Forces of special and incentive pays for 
          members of the Armed Forces not currently payable to 
          members of the reserve components (sec. 653)...........  1272
        Study regarding recoupment of separation pay, special 
          separation benefits, and voluntary separation incentive 
          payments from members of the Armed Forces and veterans 
          who receive disability compensation under laws 
          administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs (sec. 
          654)...................................................  1272
        Report on implementation of contributions to the 
          Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund based on 
          pay costs per Armed Force rather than on Armed Forces-
          wide basis (sec. 655)..................................  1272
        Report on food insecurity among members of the Armed 
          Forces and their dependents (sec. 656).................  1273
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1273
        Basic allowance for housing for a member without 
          dependents when relocation would financially 
          disadvantage the member................................  1273
        Annual adjustment of basic pay...........................  1273
        Space-available travel on military aircraft for children 
          and surviving spouses of members who die of hostile 
          action or training duty................................  1274
        Report regarding management of military commissaries and 
          exchanges..............................................  1274
        Treatment of fees on services provided as supplemental 
          funds for commissary operations........................  1274
TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS................................  1275
    Subtitle A--Tricare and Other Health Care Benefits...........  1275
        Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select 
          for certain members of the Selected Reserve (sec. 701).  1275
        TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents 
          (sec. 702).............................................  1275
        Lead level screening and testing for children (sec. 703).  1275
        Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals 
          or other airborne contaminants as part of periodic 
          health assessments and other physical examinations 
          (sec. 704).............................................  1276
        Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by 
          members of the Armed Forces to certain occupational and 
          environmental hazards while deployed overseas (sec. 
          705)...................................................  1276
        Modifications to post-deployment mental health 
          assessments for members of the Armed Forces deployed in 
          support of a contingency operation (sec. 706)..........  1276
        Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department 
          of Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances (sec. 707)..................  1277
    Subtitle B--Health Care Administration.......................  1277
        Modification of organization of military health system 
          (sec. 711).............................................  1277
        Support by military health system of medical requirements 
          of combatant commands (sec. 712).......................  1277
        Requirements for certain prescription drug labels (sec. 
          713)...................................................  1278
        Officers authorized to command Army dental units (sec. 
          714)...................................................  1278
        Improvements to interagency program office of the 
          Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans 
          Affairs (sec. 715).....................................  1278
        Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed 
          care support contracts under TRICARE program (sec. 716)  1279
        Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
          members of the Armed Forces (sec. 717).................  1279
        Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care 
          to members of the Armed Forces (sec. 718)..............  1279
        Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military 
          medical manning end strength (sec. 719)................  1279
        Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers 
          (sec. 720).............................................  1280
        Development of partnerships to improve combat casualty 
          care for personnel of the Armed Forces (sec. 721)......  1280
        Modification to referrals for mental health services 
          (sec. 722).............................................  1280
    Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters........................  1280
        Authorization of claims by members of the uniformed 
          services against the United States for personal injury 
          or death caused by medical malpractice (sec. 731)......  1280
        Extension and clarification of authority for Joint 
          Department of Defense--Department of Veterans Affairs 
          Medical Facility Demonstration Fund (sec. 732).........  1281
        Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. 
          Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military 
          Medicine (sec. 733)....................................  1281
        Establishment of Academic Health System in National 
          Capital Region (sec. 734)..............................  1281
        Provision of veterinary services by veterinary 
          professionals of the Department of Defense in 
          emergencies (sec. 735).................................  1282
        Three-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA 
          Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund (sec. 736)..........  1282
        Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research 
          and Materiel Command and continuation as Center of 
          Excellence (sec. 737)..................................  1282
        Encouragement of participation in Women's Health 
          Transition Training pilot program (sec. 738)...........  1283
        National Guard suicide prevention pilot program (sec. 
          739)...................................................  1283
        Pilot program on civilian and military partnerships to 
          enhance interoperability and medical surge capability 
          and capacity of National Disaster Medical System (sec. 
          740)...................................................  1283
        Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
          suicide prevention programs and activities of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 741).......................  1283
        Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical 
          study on blast pressure exposure of members of the 
          Armed Forces and collection of exposure information 
          (sec. 742).............................................  1284
        Study and plan on the use of military-civilian integrated 
          health delivery systems (sec. 743).....................  1284
        Study on case management in the military health system 
          (sec. 744).............................................  1284
        Report on Global Health Security Strategy and the 
          National Biodefense Security (sec. 745)................  1285
        Study on establishment of wounded warrior service dog 
          program (sec. 746).....................................  1285
        GAO report on Department of Defense quality assurance 
          program and impacts of medical malpractice actions 
          (sec. 747).............................................  1285
        Reports on Millennium Cohort Study relating to women 
          members of the Armed Forces (sec. 748).................  1286
        Study on effects of sleep deprivation on readiness of 
          members of the Armed Forces (sec. 749).................  1286
        Study and report on traumatic brain injury mitigation 
          efforts (sec. 750).....................................  1286
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1286
        Contraception coverage parity under the TRICARE program..  1286
        Medical services at military medical treatment facilities 
          for sexual assault survivors...........................  1287
        Inclusion of infertility treatments for members of the 
          uniformed services.....................................  1287
        Authorization of appropriations for TRICARE lead 
          screening and testing for children.....................  1287
        Tours of duty of commanders or directors of military 
          treatment facilities...................................  1287
        Comprehensive enterprise interoperability strategy for 
          the Armed Forces and the Department of Veterans Affairs  1287
        Demonstration of interoperability milestones.............  1288
        Establishment of regional medical hubs to support 
          combatant commands.....................................  1288
        Monitoring of adverse event data on dietary supplement 
          use by members of the Armed Forces.....................  1289
        Monitoring medication prescribing practices for the 
          treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder............  1289
        Maintenance of certain medical services at military 
          medical treatment facilities at service academies......  1289
        Establishment of military dental research program........  1289
        Pilot program on cryopreservation and storage............  1290
        Study on infertility among members of the Armed Forces...  1290
        Study on extending parent's level of TRICARE health 
          coverage to newborn child..............................  1290
        Report on mental health assessments......................  1290
        Study and report on mental health assessments for members 
          of the Armed Forces deployed in support of a 
          contingency operation..................................  1291
        Education on family planning for members of the Armed 
          Forces.................................................  1291
        Funding for CDC ATSDR PFAS health study increment........  1291
        Sense of the House of Representatives on increasing 
          research and development in bioprinting and fabrication 
          in austere military environments.......................  1291
        Increased collaboration with NIH to combat triple 
          negative breast cancer.................................  1292
        Funding for post-traumatic stress disorder...............  1292
        Study on readiness contracts and the prevention of drug 
          shortages..............................................  1292
        Update of Department of Defense regulations, 
          instructions, and other guidance to include gambling 
          disorder...............................................  1292
        Findings on musculoskeletal injuries.....................  1293
        National Capital Consortium Psychiatry Residency Program.  1293
        Pilot program on partnerships with civilian organizations 
          for specialized surgical training......................  1293
        Report on research and studies regarding health effects 
          of burn pits...........................................  1293
        Training on health effects of burn pits and other 
          airborne hazards.......................................  1293
        Report on operational medical and dental personnel 
          requirements...........................................  1294
        Partnerships with academic health centers................  1294
        Study on use of routine neuroimaging modalities in 
          diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of brain injury 
          due to blast pressure exposure during combat and 
          training...............................................  1294
TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND 
  RELATED MATTERS................................................  1294
    Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management................  1294
        Authority for continuous integration and delivery of 
          software applications and upgrades to embedded systems 
          (sec. 800).............................................  1294
        Pilot program on intellectual property evaluation for 
          acquisition programs (sec. 801)........................  1296
        Pilot program to use alpha contracting teams for complex 
          requirements (sec. 802)................................  1296
        Failure to provide other than certified cost or pricing 
          data upon request (sec. 803)...........................  1296
        Comptroller General report on price reasonableness (sec. 
          804)...................................................  1297
        Limitation on transfer of funds related to cost overruns 
          and cost underruns (sec. 805)..........................  1297
        Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of 
          source selection procedures by Federal agencies (sec. 
          806)...................................................  1297
        Department of Defense use of fixed-price contracts (sec. 
          807)...................................................  1298
        Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges 
          (sec. 808).............................................  1298
        Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire 
          vital national security capabilities (sec. 809)........  1298
        Repeal of the Defense Cost Accounting Standards Board 
          (sec. 810).............................................  1298
    Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, 
      Procedures, and Limitations................................  1299
        Modification of Director of Operational Test and 
          Evaluation report (sec. 815)...........................  1299
        Modification of written approval requirement for task and 
          delivery order single contract awards (sec. 816).......  1299
        Responsibility for data analysis and requirements 
          validation for services contracts (sec. 817)...........  1299
        Documentation of market research related to commercial 
          item determinations (sec. 818).........................  1300
        Availability of data on the use of other transaction 
          authority and report on the use of authority to carry 
          out prototype projects (sec. 819)......................  1300
        Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions 
          (sec. 820).............................................  1300
        Modification to acquisition authority of the Commander of 
          the United States Cyber Command (sec. 821).............  1300
        Extension of Never Contract With the Enemy (sec. 822)....  1301
        Modification of justification and approval requirement 
          for certain Department of Defense contracts (sec. 823).  1301
        Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center 
          Consolidation Initiative (sec. 824)....................  1301
        Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing 
          processes (sec. 825)...................................  1301
        Uniformity in application of micro-purchase threshold to 
          certain task or delivery orders (sec. 826).............  1302
        Requirement for cost estimates on models of commercial e-
          commerce portal program (sec. 827).....................  1302
    Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition 
      Programs...................................................  1302
        Modification of requirements for reporting to Congress on 
          certain acquisition programs (sec. 830)................  1302
        Pilot program to streamline decision-making processes for 
          weapon systems (sec. 831)..............................  1302
        Analysis of alternatives pursuant to materiel development 
          decisions (sec. 832)...................................  1303
        Naval vessel certification required before Milestone B 
          approval (sec. 833)....................................  1303
    Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System....  1303
        Extramural acquisition innovation and research activities 
          (sec. 835).............................................  1303
        Report on realignment of the defense acquisition system 
          to implement acquisition reforms (sec. 836)............  1304
        Report and limitation on the availability of funds 
          relating to the ``middle tier'' of acquisition programs 
          (sec. 837).............................................  1305
        Report on intellectual property policy and the cadre of 
          intellectual property experts (sec. 838)...............  1305
        Guidance and reports relating to covered defense business 
          systems (sec. 839).....................................  1306
        Implementation guidance for use of a modular open system 
          approach (sec. 840)....................................  1306
        Limitation on availability of funds for the Office of the 
          Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense 
          (sec. 841).............................................  1307
    Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters..........................  1307
        Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure 
          integrity of industrial base (sec. 845)................  1307
        Report requirements for the national technology and 
          industrial base (sec. 846).............................  1308
        Mitigating risks related to foreign ownership, control, 
          or influence of Department of Defense contractors or 
          subcontractors (sec. 847)..............................  1308
        Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
          unmanned aircraft systems (sec. 848)...................  1309
        Modification of prohibition on acquisition of sensitive 
          materials from non-allied foreign nations (sec. 849)...  1309
        Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials 
          (sec. 850).............................................  1309
        Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced 
          capabilities with partnership intermediaries (sec. 851)  1310
        Authorized official to carry out the procurement 
          technical assistance cooperative agreement program 
          (sec. 852).............................................  1310
        Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured 
          in the national technology and industrial base (sec. 
          853)...................................................  1310
        Addition of domestically produced stainless steel 
          flatware and dinnerware to the Berry Amendment (sec. 
          854)...................................................  1311
        Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and 
          programs to the Columbia-class submarine program (sec. 
          855)...................................................  1311
        Application of limitation on procurement of goods other 
          than United States goods to the FFG--Frigate Program 
          (sec. 856).............................................  1311
        Sense of Congress regarding consideration of price in 
          procurement of the FFG(X) frigate (sec. 857)...........  1311
    Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce.....  1311
        Establishment of Defense Civilian Training Corps (sec. 
          860)...................................................  1311
        Defense acquisition workforce certification, education, 
          and career fields (sec. 861)...........................  1312
        Software development and software acquisition training 
          and management programs (sec. 862).....................  1312
        Modification of temporary assignments of Department of 
          Defense employees to a private-sector organization 
          (sec. 863).............................................  1312
        Incentives and consideration for qualified training 
          programs (sec. 864)....................................  1312
        Use of qualified apprentices by military construction 
          contractors (sec. 865).................................  1313
    Subtitle G--Small Business Matters...........................  1313
        Requirements relating to credit for certain small 
          business concern subcontractors (sec. 870).............  1313
        Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report 
          on small business goals (sec. 871).....................  1313
        Reauthorization and improvement of Department of Defense 
          Mentor-Protege Program (sec. 872)......................  1314
        Accelerated payments applicable to contracts with certain 
          small business concerns under the Prompt Payment Act 
          (sec. 873).............................................  1314
        Postaward explanations for unsuccessful offerors for 
          certain contracts (sec. 874)...........................  1314
        Small business contracting credit for subcontractors that 
          are Puerto Rico businesses or covered territory 
          businesses (sec. 875)..................................  1315
        Technical amendment regarding treatment of certain 
          surviving spouses under the definition of small 
          business concern owned and controlled by service-
          disabled veterans (sec. 876)...........................  1315
        Extension of loan assistance and deferral eligibility to 
          reservists and members of the National Guard beyond 
          periods of military conflict (sec. 877)................  1315
        Modification to the Defense Research and Development 
          Rapid Innovation Program (sec. 878)....................  1315
        Alignment of the Department of Defense Small Business 
          Innovation Research Program and Small Business 
          Technology Transfer Program with the National Defense 
          Science and Technology Strategy (sec. 879).............  1316
        Assistance for small business concerns participating in 
          the SBIR and STTR programs (sec. 880)..................  1316
        Cybersecurity technical assistance under the SBIR and 
          STTR Programs (sec. 881)...............................  1316
        Funding for defense research activities of small business 
          concerns (sec. 882)....................................  1317
        Modifications to budget display requirements for the 
          Department of Defense Small Business Innovation 
          Research Program and Small Business Technology Transfer 
          Program (sec. 883).....................................  1317
        Pilot program for domestic investment under the SBIR 
          Program (sec. 884).....................................  1317
    Subtitle H--Other Matters....................................  1318
        Review of guidance to contractors on nondiscrimination on 
          the basis of sex (sec. 885)............................  1318
        Comptroller General report on contractor violations of 
          certain labor laws (sec. 886)..........................  1318
        Comptroller General report on contingency contracting 
          (sec. 887).............................................  1318
        Policies and procedures for contractors to report gross 
          violations of internationally recognized human rights 
          (sec. 888).............................................  1319
        Comptroller General report on oversight of contractors 
          providing private security functions (sec. 889)........  1319
        Prohibition on contracting with persons that have 
          business operations with the Maduro regime (sec. 890)..  1319
        Report on the Combating Trafficking in Persons initiative 
          (sec. 891).............................................  1320
        Improved management of information technology and 
          cyberspace investments (sec. 892)......................  1320
        Modification to requirements for purchase of commercial 
          leasing services pursuant to multiple award contracts 
          (sec. 893).............................................  1321
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1321
        Modification to small purchase threshold exception to 
          sourcing requirements for certain articles.............  1321
        Rates for progress payments or performance-based payments  1321
        Additional requirements for negotiations for 
          noncommercial computer software........................  1322
        Competition requirements for purchases from Federal 
          Prison Industries......................................  1322
        Enhanced post-award debriefing rights....................  1322
        Preference for offerors employing veterans...............  1322
        Reporting on expenses incurred for independent research 
          and development costs..................................  1322
        Assessment of precision-guided missiles for reliance on 
          foreign-made microelectronic components................  1323
        Reporting on expenses incurred for bid and proposal costs  1323
        Report on requirements relating to consumption-based 
          solutions..............................................  1323
        Supply chain security of certain telecommunications and 
          video surveillance services or equipment...............  1324
        Revised authorities to defeat adversary efforts to 
          compromise United States defense capabilities..........  1325
        Supply chain risk mitigation policies to be implemented 
          through requirements generation process................  1325
        Size standard calculations for certain small business 
          concerns...............................................  1325
        Small Business Administration cybersecurity reports......  1326
        Cyber counseling certification program for lead small 
          business development centers...........................  1326
        Exemption of certain contracts from the periodic 
          inflation adjustments to the acquisition-related dollar 
          threshold..............................................  1326
        Phase 0 Proof of Concept Partnership program for the 
          Department of Defense..................................  1326
        Briefing on the Trusted Capital Marketplace pilot program  1326
        Boots to Business Program................................  1327
        Report and database on items manufactured in the United 
          States for major defense acquisition programs..........  1327
        Contractor science, technology, engineering, and math 
          programs...............................................  1327
        Report on cost growth of major defense acquisitions 
          programs...............................................  1328
        Report and strategy on terminated foreign contracts......  1328
        Prohibition on contracting with persons with willful or 
          repeated violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 
          1938...................................................  1328
        Federal contractor disclosure of unpaid Federal tax 
          liability..............................................  1328
        Pilot program on payment of costs for denied Government 
          Accountability Office bid protests.....................  1329
        GAO report on contracting practices of the Corps of 
          Engineers..............................................  1329
        Comptroller General report on defense business processes.  1330
        Amendments to research project transaction authorities to 
          eliminate cost-sharing requirements and reduce burdens 
          on use.................................................  1330
        Report on contracts with entities affiliated with the 
          Government of the People's Republic of China or the 
          Chinese Communist Party................................  1330
        Investment in supply chain security under Defense 
          Production Act of 1950.................................  1331
TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT......  1331
    Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related 
      Matters....................................................  1331
        Headquarters activities of the Department of Defense 
          matters (sec. 901).....................................  1331
        Clarifying the roles and responsibilities of the Under 
          Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
          and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
          Engineering (sec. 902).................................  1332
        Return to Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
          Defense of responsibility for business systems and 
          related matters (sec. 903).............................  1333
        Assessments of responsibilities and authorities of the 
          Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense 
          (sec. 904).............................................  1333
        Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy and Deputy 
          Principal Cyber Advisor (sec. 905).....................  1333
        Exclusion from limitations on personnel in the Office of 
          the Secretary of Defense and Department of Defense 
          headquarters of fellows appointed under the John S. 
          McCain Defense Fellows Program (sec. 906)..............  1334
    Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department 
      of Defense Offices and Elements............................  1334
        Codification of Assistant Secretaries for Energy, 
          Installations, and Environment of the Army, Navy, and 
          Air Force (sec. 911)...................................  1334
    Subtitle C--Other Department of Defense Organization and 
      Management Matters.........................................  1334
        Prohibition on ownership or trading of stocks in certain 
          companies by certain officials of the Department of 
          Defense (sec. 921).....................................  1334
        Limitation on consolidation of Defense Media Activity 
          (sec. 922).............................................  1335
        Report on resources to implement the civilian casualty 
          policy of the Department of Defense (sec. 923).........  1335
    Subtitle D--United States Space Force........................  1335
        United States Space Force Act (secs. 951-961)............  1335
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1339
        Repeal of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance 
          Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army...........  1339
        Modernization of certain forms and surveys...............  1340
TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS......................................  1340
    Subtitle A--Financial Matters................................  1340
        General transfer authority (sec. 1001)...................  1340
        Defense Business Audit Remediation Plan (sec. 1002)......  1340
        Financial improvement and audit remediation plan (sec. 
          1003)..................................................  1341
        Reporting requirements relating to Department of Defense 
          audits (sec. 1004).....................................  1341
        Inclusion of certain military construction projects in 
          annual reports on unfunded priorities of the Armed 
          Forces and the combatant commands (sec. 1005)..........  1341
        Prohibition on delegation of responsibility for submittal 
          to Congress of Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munition 
          Requirements and Out-Year Inventory numbers (sec. 1006)  1341
        Annual budget justification display for service-common 
          and other support and enabling capabilities for special 
          operations forces (sec. 1007)..........................  1342
        Element in annual reports on the Financial Improvement 
          and Audit Remediation Plan on activities with respect 
          to classified programs (sec. 1008).....................  1342
        Plan of the Department of Defense for financial 
          management information (sec. 1009).....................  1342
        Update of authorities and renaming of Department of 
          Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund (sec. 
          1010)..................................................  1343
        Transparency of accounting firms used to support 
          Department of Defense audit (sec. 1011)................  1343
        Modification of required elements of annual reports on 
          emergency and extraordinary expenses of the Department 
          of Defense (sec.)......................................  1343
    Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities...........................  1343
        Modification of authority to support a unified 
          counterdrug and counterterrorism campaign in Colombia 
          (sec. 1021)............................................  1343
        Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
          support to law enforcement agencies conducting counter-
          terrorism activities (sec. 1022).......................  1344
        Sense of Congress regarding Department of Defense 
          counterdrug activities in the transit zone and 
          Caribbean basin (sec. 1023)............................  1344
        Assessment of impact of proposed border wall on volume of 
          illegal narcotics (sec. 1024)..........................  1344
    Subtitle C--Naval Vessels....................................  1344
        Modification of authority to purchase vessels using funds 
          in National Defense Sealift Fund (sec. 1031)...........  1344
        Use of National Defense Sealift Fund for procurement of 
          two used vessels (sec. 1032)...........................  1344
        Transportation by sea of supplies for the Armed Forces 
          and Defense Agencies (sec. 1033).......................  1345
        Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class 
          (sec. 1034)............................................  1345
        Permanent authority for sustaining operational readiness 
          of littoral combat ships on extended deployment (sec. 
          1035)..................................................  1345
        Formal training for shipboard system programs of record 
          (sec. 1036)............................................  1346
        Report on shipbuilder training and the defense industrial 
          base (sec. 1037).......................................  1346
        Use of competitive procedures for CVN-80 and CVN-81 dual 
          aircraft carrier contract (sec. 1038)..................  1346
        Report on expanding naval vessel maintenance (sec. 1039).  1346
    Subtitle D--Counterterrorism.................................  1347
        Modification of support of special operations to combat 
          terrorism (sec. 1041)..................................  1347
        Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries 
          (sec. 1042)............................................  1347
        Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States 
          (sec. 1043)............................................  1347
        Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
          modify facilities in the United States to house 
          detainees transferred from United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1044).......................  1347
        Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
          relinquish control of United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1045).......................  1348
        Chief Medical Officer at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1046).......................  1348
        Independent assessment on gender and countering violent 
          extremism (sec. 1047)..................................  1349
    Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations........  1349
        Scheduling of Department of Defense executive aircraft 
          controlled by Secretaries of military departments (sec. 
          1051)..................................................  1349
        Explosive ordnance defense disposal program (sec. 1052)..  1349
        Technical correction and extension of reporting 
          requirement regarding enhancement of information 
          sharing and coordination of military training between 
          Department of Homeland Security and Department of 
          Defense (sec. 1053)....................................  1349
        Notification on the provision of defense sensitive 
          support (sec. 1054)....................................  1349
        Revision to authorities relating to mail service for 
          members of the Armed Forces and Department of Defense 
          civilians overseas (sec. 1055).........................  1350
        Access to and use of military post offices by United 
          States citizens employed overseas by the North Atlantic 
          Treaty Organization who perform functions in support of 
          military operations of the Armed Forces (sec. 1056)....  1350
        Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense 
          intelligence and counterintelligence activities (sec. 
          1057)..................................................  1350
        Limitation on use of funds for the inactivation of Army 
          watercraft units (sec. 1058)...........................  1351
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1351
        Independent public accountant audit of financial systems 
          of the Department of Defense...........................  1351
        Modification of authority to provide support to other 
          agencies for counterdrug activities and activities to 
          counter transnational organized crime..................  1351
        Repeal of Secretary of Defense review of curricula and 
          program structures of National Guard counterdrug 
          schools................................................  1351
        Clarification of authority of military commissions under 
          chapter 47A of title 10, United States Code, to punish 
          contempt...............................................  1352
        Prohibition on use of funds for transfer to and detention 
          of additional individuals, including United States 
          citizens, at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba..............................................  1352
        Enhancement of authorities on forfeiture of Federal 
          benefits by the National Guard.........................  1353
        Public availability of military commission proceedings...  1353
        Limitation on placement by the Under Secretary of Defense 
          for Personnel and Readiness of work with federally 
          funded research and development centers................  1353
        Modification and technical correction of authority for 
          deployment of members of the Armed Forces to the 
          southern land border of the United States..............  1353
        Use of funds for defense of the Armed Forces and United 
          States citizens against attack by foreign hostile 
          forces.................................................  1354
        Prohibition on use of funds for construction of a wall, 
          fence, or other physical barrier along the southern 
          border of the United States............................  1354
        Limitation on use of funds to house children separated 
          from parents...........................................  1354
        Limitation on use of funds for providing housing for 
          unaccompanied alien children...........................  1354
        Transfer of certain items included in categories I, II, 
          and III of the United States Munitions List to the 
          Commerce Control List..................................  1355
        Limitation on use of funds for reimbursement of expenses 
          at certain properties..................................  1355
        Limitation on use of funds for exhibition of parade of 
          military forces and hardware for review by the 
          President..............................................  1355
        Prohibition on use of DOD equipment, personnel, and 
          facilities for ICE detention...........................  1355
        Report on joint force plan for implementation of 
          strategies of the Department of Defense for the Arctic.  1355
        Report on use of Northern Tier bases in implementation of 
          Arctic strategy of the United States...................  1356
        Comptroller General of the United States report on post-
          government employment of former Department of Defense 
          officials..............................................  1356
        Elimination of requirement to submit reports to Congress 
          in paper format........................................  1356
        Sense of Congress regarding modular airborne fire 
          fighting system........................................  1357
        Report on policies relating to small farms...............  1357
        Report on financial costs of overseas United States 
          military posture and operations........................  1358
        Public availability of Chief Management Office annual 
          budget reports.........................................  1358
        Plan to increase and expand cold weather training........  1358
        Comptroller General review of Department of Defense 
          support for the Department of Homeland Security 
          operations on the southwest border of the United States  1359
        Disposal of IPv4 addresses...............................  1359
        Prohibition on denial of Department of Veterans Affairs 
          home loans for veterans who legally work in the 
          marijuana industry.....................................  1359
        Inclusion on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall of the 
          names of the lost crew members of the U.S.S. Frank E. 
          Evans killed on June 3, 1969...........................  1359
        Report on executive helicopter flights in the National 
          Capital Region.........................................  1360
        Review of foreign currency exchange rates and analysis of 
          Foreign Currency Fluctuations Appropriation............  1360
        Contracts by the President or Vice President.............  1360
        Interoperability of communications between military 
          installations and adjacent jurisdictions...............  1361
        Chinese language and culture studies within the Defense 
          Language and National Security Education Office........  1361
        Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for 
          Chinese language programs at certain institutions of 
          higher education.......................................  1361
        Lessons learned and best practices on progress of gender 
          integration implementation in the Armed Forces.........  1361
        Strategies for recruitment and retention of women in the 
          Armed Forces...........................................  1362
        Honoring last surviving Medal of Honor recipient of 
          Second World War.......................................  1362
        Credit monitoring........................................  1362
        Sense of Congress regarding Army Contracting Command--New 
          Jersey.................................................  1362
        Review and report on experimentation with ticks and 
          insects................................................  1362
        Pilot program to provide broadband access to military 
          families and medical facilities on remote and isolated 
          bases..................................................  1363
        Sense of Congress regarding military working dogs and 
          soldier handlers.......................................  1363
        Funding limitation for the Erie Canalway National 
          Heritage Corridor......................................  1363
        Inspection of facilities used to house, detain, screen, 
          and review migrants and refugees.......................  1363
        Sense of Congress regarding the 2001 Authorization for 
          Use of Military Force..................................  1364
        Prohibition on export of air to ground munitions, related 
          components and parts of such munitions, and related 
          services to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates..  1364
        Reporting regarding cancelled appropriations.............  1364
        Inclusion of progress of the Department of Defense in 
          achieving auditable financial statements in annual 
          reports on the Financial Improvement and Audit 
          Remediation Plan.......................................  1365
        Silver Star Service Banner Day...........................  1365
        Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
          effects of continuing resolutions on readiness and 
          planning of the Department of Defense..................  1365
        Sense of Congress on the naming of a naval vessel in 
          honor of Senior Chief Petty Officer Shannon Kent.......  1366
TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS.............................  1366
    Subtitle A--General Provisions...............................  1366
        Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency personnel 
          management authority (sec. 1101).......................  1366
        Report on the probationary period for Department of 
          Defense employees (sec. 1102)..........................  1366
        Civilian personnel management (sec. 1103)................  1366
        One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
          personnel on official duty in a combat zone (sec. 1104)  1367
        One-year extension of authority to waive annual 
          limitation on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
          pay for Federal civilian employees working overseas 
          (sec. 1105)............................................  1367
        Performance of civilian functions by military personnel 
          (sec. 1106)............................................  1367
        Extension of direct hire authority for domestic 
          industrial base facilities and Major Range and Test 
          Facilities Base (sec. 1107)............................  1368
        Authority to provide additional allowances and benefits 
          for certain Defense Clandestine Service employees (sec. 
          1108)..................................................  1368
        Modification of direct hire authorities for the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 1109)......................  1368
        Designating certain FEHBP and FEGLI services provided by 
          Federal employees as excepted services under the Anti-
          Deficiency Act (sec. 1110).............................  1369
        Continuing supplemental dental and vision benefits and 
          long-term care insurance coverage during a Government 
          shutdown (sec. 1111)...................................  1369
        Limitation on transfer of Office of Personnel Management 
          (sec. 1112)............................................  1369
        Assessment of Accelerated Promotion Program suspension 
          (sec. 1113)............................................  1370
        Reimbursement for Federal, State, and local income taxes 
          incurred during travel, transportation, and relocation 
          (sec. 1114)............................................  1370
        Clarification of limitation on expedited hiring authority 
          for post-secondary students (sec. 1115)................  1370
        Modification of temporary assignments of Department of 
          Defense employees to a private-sector organization 
          (sec. 1116)............................................  1370
        Extension of authority for part-time reemployment (sec. 
          1117)..................................................  1371
    Subtitle B--Fair Chance Act..................................  1371
        Short title (sec. 1121-1124).............................  1371
    Subtitle C--ATC Hiring Reform................................  1371
        ATC Hiring Reform (secs. 1131-1135)......................  1371
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1371
        Prohibited personnel practices...........................  1371
        Enhancement of antidiscrimination protections for Federal 
          employees..............................................  1371
        Permitted disclosures by whistleblowers..................  1372
        Interim stay authority to protect whistleblowers.........  1372
        Review of Standard Occupational Classification System....  1372
TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS...................  1373
    Subtitle A--Assistance and Training..........................  1373
        Modification of authority to build capacity of foreign 
          security forces (sec. 1201)............................  1373
        Modification and extension of cross servicing agreements 
          for loan of personnel protection and personnel 
          survivability equipment in coalition operations (sec. 
          1202)..................................................  1373
        Modifications of authorities relating to acquisition and 
          cross-servicing agreements (sec. 1203).................  1373
        Modification of quarterly report on obligation and 
          expenditure of funds for security cooperation programs 
          and activities (sec. 1204).............................  1374
        Gender perspectives and participation by women in 
          security cooperation activities (sec. 1205)............  1374
        Plan to provide consistency of administration of 
          authorities relating to vetting of units of security 
          forces of foreign countries; modification of 
          assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of security 
          cooperation programs and activities (sec. 1206)........  1374
        Extension of authority for support of special operations 
          for irregular warfare (sec. 1207)......................  1374
        Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency 
          Response Program and elimination of certain payments to 
          redress injury and loss (sec. 1208)....................  1375
        Two-year extension of program authority for Global 
          Security Contingency Fund (sec. 1209)..................  1375
        Legal institutional capacity building initiative for 
          foreign defense institutions (sec. 1210)...............  1375
        Department of Defense support for stabilization 
          activities in national security interest of the United 
          States (sec. 1210A)....................................  1375
    Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan.....  1376
        Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
          provide defense services to the military and security 
          forces of Afghanistan (sec. 1211)......................  1376
        Extension and modification of authority to acquire 
          products and services produced in countries along a 
          major route of supply to Afghanistan (sec. 1212).......  1376
        Authority for certain payments to redress injury and loss 
          (sec. 1213)............................................  1376
        Extension and modification of semiannual report on 
          enhancing security and stability in Afghanistan (sec. 
          1214)..................................................  1376
        Special Immigrant Visa Program reporting requirement 
          (sec. 1215)............................................  1377
        Meaningful inclusion of Afghan women in peace 
          negotiations (sec. 1216)...............................  1377
        Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement 
          of certain coalition nations for support provided to 
          United States military operations (sec. 1217)..........  1377
        Support for reconciliation activities led by the 
          Government of Afghanistan (sec. 1218)..................  1378
        Modification and Extension of the Afghan Special 
          Immigrant Visa Program (sec. 1219).....................  1378
    Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran........  1378
        Modification of authority and limitation on use of funds 
          to provide assistance to counter the Islamic State of 
          Iraq and Syria (sec. 1221).............................  1378
        Extension and modification of authority to provide 
          assistance to the vetted Syrian groups and individuals 
          (sec. 1222)............................................  1379
        Modification of authority to support operations and 
          activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in 
          Iraq (sec. 1223).......................................  1379
        Establishing a coordinator for detained ISIS members and 
          relevant displaced populations in Syria (sec. 1224)....  1379
        Report on lessons learned from efforts to liberate Mosul 
          and Raqqah from control of the Islamic State of Iraq 
          and Syria (sec. 1225)..................................  1380
        Expansion of availability of financial assets of Iran to 
          victims of terrorism (sec. 1226).......................  1380
        Report on the status of deconfliction channels with Iran 
          (sec. 1227)............................................  1380
        Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
          support to certain organizations (sec. 1228)...........  1381
    Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation.......  1381
        Extension of limitation on military cooperation between 
          the United States and Russia (sec. 1231)...............  1381
        Prohibition on availability of funds relating to 
          sovereignty of Russia over Crimea (sec. 1232)..........  1381
        Sense of Congress on updating and modernizing existing 
          agreements to avert miscalculation between the United 
          States and Russia (sec. 1233)..........................  1382
        United States participation in Open Skies Treaty (sec. 
          1234)..................................................  1382
        Modifications of briefing, notification, and reporting 
          requirements relating to non-compliance by the Russian 
          Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty 
          (sec. 1235)............................................  1383
        Report on treaties relating to nuclear arms control (sec. 
          1236)..................................................  1383
        Reports relating to the New START Treaty (sec. 1237).....  1384
        Report on military activities of the Russian Federation 
          and the People's Republic of China in the Arctic region 
          (sec. 1238)............................................  1384
        Updated strategy to counter the threat of malign 
          influence by the Russian Federation and other countries 
          (sec. 1239)............................................  1384
    Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO..............  1385
        Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic 
          Treaty Organization (sec. 1241)........................  1385
        Prohibition on the use of funds to suspend, terminate, or 
          provide notice of denunciation of the North Atlantic 
          Treaty (sec. 1242).....................................  1385
        Future years plans and planning transparency for European 
          Deterrence Initiative (sec. 1243)......................  1386
        Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
          Initiative (sec. 1244).................................  1386
        Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to Turkey (sec. 
          1245)..................................................  1387
        Baltic defense assessment; extension and modification of 
          security assistance for Baltic countries for joint 
          program for interoperability and deterrence against 
          aggression (sec. 1246).................................  1388
        Extension of authority for and report on training for 
          Eastern European national security forces in the course 
          of multilateral exercises (sec. 1247)..................  1389
        Extension and modification of NATO Special Operations 
          Headquarters (sec. 1248)...............................  1389
        North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Force Command 
          (sec. 1249)............................................  1389
        Report on North Atlantic Treaty Organization Readiness 
          Initiative (sec. 1250).................................  1390
        Repeal of prohibition on transfer of articles on the 
          United States Munitions List to the Republic of Cyprus 
          (sec. 1250A)...........................................  1390
    Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region......  1390
        Modification of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative 
          (sec. 1251)............................................  1390
        Expansion of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative 
          and limitation on use of funds (sec. 1252).............  1391
        Report on resourcing United States defense requirements 
          for the Indo-Pacific region and study on competitive 
          strategies (sec. 1253).................................  1391
        Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
          members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who 
          are deployed to South Korea (sec. 1254)................  1392
        Report on direct, indirect, and burden-sharing 
          contributions of Japan and South Korea (sec. 1255).....  1393
        Sense of Congress on security commitments to the 
          Governments of Japan and the Republic of Korea and 
          trilateral cooperation among the United States, Japan, 
          and the Republic of Korea (sec. 1256)..................  1393
        Sense of Congress on North Korea (sec. 1257).............  1393
        Statement of policy and sense of Congress on, and 
          strategy to fulfill obligations under, Mutual Defense 
          Treaty with the Republic of the Philippines (sec. 1258)  1394
        Report on security cooperation with the Philippine 
          National Police (sec. 1259)............................  1394
        Modification of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China 
          (sec. 1260)............................................  1395
        Report on foreign military activities in Pacific Island 
          countries (sec. 1260A).................................  1395
        Report on cybersecurity activities with Taiwan (sec. 
          1260B).................................................  1395
        Review and report related to the Taiwan Relations Act 
          (sec. 1260C)...........................................  1395
        Sense of Congress on enhancement of the United States-
          Taiwan defense relationship (sec. 1260D)...............  1396
        Chinese foreign direct investment in countries of the 
          Arctic region (sec. 1260E).............................  1396
        Sense of Congress on policy toward Hong Kong (sec. 1260F)  1396
        Sense of Congress on enhancing defense and security 
          cooperation with the Republic of Singapore (sec. 1260G)  1397
        Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup 
          (sec. 1260H)...........................................  1397
        Limitation on removal of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. 
          from entity list of Bureau of Industry and Security 
          (1260I)................................................  1397
        Report on ZTE compliance with Superseding Settlement 
          Agreement and Superseding Order (sec. 1260J)...........  1397
        Report on the lay-down of United States Marines in the 
          Indo-Pacific region (sec. 1260K).......................  1398
    Subtitle G--Other Matters....................................  1398
        Modification to report on legal and policy frameworks for 
          the use of military force (sec. 1261)..................  1398
        Independent review of sufficiency of resources available 
          to United States Southern Command and United States 
          Africa Command (sec. 1262).............................  1398
        United States Central Command posture assessment and 
          review (sec. 1263).....................................  1399
        Limitation on production of nuclear proliferation 
          assessment statements (sec. 1264)......................  1399
        Western hemisphere resource assessment (sec. 1265).......  1400
        Human rights in Brazil (sec. 1266).......................  1400
        Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala (sec. 
          1267)..................................................  1400
        Independent analysis of human rights situation in 
          Honduras (sec. 1268)...................................  1400
        Briefing on strategy to improve the efforts of the 
          Nigerian military to prevent, mitigate, and respond to 
          civilian harm (sec. 1269)..............................  1401
        Report on implications of Chinese military presence in 
          Djibouti (sec. 1270)...................................  1401
        Rule of construction on the permanent stationing of 
          United States Armed Forces in Somalia (sec. 1271)......  1401
        Defense and diplomatic strategy for Libya (sec. 1272)....  1402
        Prohibition on in-flight refueling to non-United States 
          aircraft that engage in hostilities in the ongoing 
          civil war in Yemen (sec. 1273).........................  1402
        Report on Saudi led coalition strikes in Yemen (sec. 
          1274)..................................................  1402
        Reports on expenses incurred for in-flight refueling of 
          Saudi coalition aircraft conducting missions relating 
          to civil war in Yemen (sec. 1275)......................  1402
        Report on Saudi Arabia's human rights record (sec. 1276).  1402
        Report on intelligence community assessment relating to 
          the killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal 
          Khashoggi (sec. 1277)..................................  1403
        United States-Israel cooperation to counter unmanned 
          aerial systems (sec. 1278).............................  1403
        Extension and modification of authority for United 
          States-Israel anti-tunnel cooperation activities (sec. 
          1279)..................................................  1403
        Report on cost imposition strategy (sec. 1280)...........  1403
        Modification of initiative to support protection of 
          national security academic researchers from undue 
          influence and other security threats (sec. 1281).......  1404
        Modification of responsibility for policy on civilian 
          casualty matters (sec. 1282)...........................  1405
        Report on export of certain satellites to entities with 
          certain beneficial ownership status (sec. 1283)........  1405
        Rule of construction relating to use of military force 
          (sec. 1284)............................................  1405
        Reports and briefings on use of military force and 
          support of partner forces (sec. 1285)..................  1405
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1406
        Report on participants in security cooperation training 
          programs and recipients of security assistance training 
          that have been designated for human rights abuses or 
          terrorist activities...................................  1406
        Prohibition on use of funds to transfer defense articles 
          and services to Azerbaijan.............................  1407
        Multinational regional security education center.........  1407
        Training for participants in professional military 
          education programs.....................................  1408
        Report on plan to transfer funds in connection with the 
          provision of support under section 385 of title 10, 
          United States Code.....................................  1408
        Rule of construction relating to use of military force 
          against Iran...........................................  1408
        Sense of Congress on support for Ministry of Peshmerga 
          Forces of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.................  1409
        Sense of Congress on supporting the return and 
          repatriation of religious and ethnic minorities in Iraq 
          to their ancestral homelands...........................  1410
        Prohibition of unauthorized military force in or against 
          Iran...................................................  1410
        Report on Russian military involvement in the AFRICOM AOR  1410
        United States actions relating to Russian interference in 
          elections for Federal office...........................  1411
        Extension and modification of report on military and 
          security developments involving North Korea............  1411
        Report by Defense Intelligence Agency on certain military 
          capabilities of China and Russia.......................  1412
        Modification of report relating to enhancing defense and 
          security cooperation with India........................  1412
        Sense of Congress on the enduring United States 
          commitment to the Freely Associated States.............  1413
        Sense of Congress on United States-India defense 
          relationship...........................................  1413
        Report on value of investments in dual use infrastructure 
          projects by NATO member states.........................  1413
        Sense of Senate on the United States-Japan alliance and 
          defense cooperation....................................  1413
        European Center of Excellence for Countering Hybrid 
          Threats................................................  1414
        Sense of Senate on United States-India defense 
          relationship...........................................  1414
        Sense of Congress on European investments in national 
          security...............................................  1414
        Briefing on Department of Defense program to protect 
          United States students against foreign assets..........  1415
        Sense of Senate on enhanced cooperation with Pacific 
          Island countries to establish open-source intelligence 
          fusion centers in the Indo-Pacific region..............  1415
        Limitation on availability of certain funds until report 
          submitted on Department of Defense awards and 
          disciplinary action as a result of the 2017 incident in 
          Niger..................................................  1415
        Rule of construction relating to use of military force 
          against Venezuela......................................  1416
        Restriction on emergency authority relating to arms sales 
          under the Arms Export Control Act......................  1416
        Report on annual defense spending by ally and partner 
          countries..............................................  1416
        Reports on contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization...........................................  1417
        Sense of Congress on the United States-Israel 
          relationship...........................................  1418
        Sense of Congress on stability of the Caucasus region and 
          the continuation of the Nagorno Karabakh cease-fire....  1418
        Limitation on use of funds from the Special Defense 
          Acquisition Fund.......................................  1418
        Prohibition on the use of emergency authorities for the 
          sale or transfer of defense articles and services to 
          Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates..............  1418
        Prohibition on support for military participation against 
          the Houthis............................................  1419
        Report on efforts to combat Boko Haram in Nigeria and the 
          Lake Chad Basin........................................  1419
        Sense of Congress relating to Mongolia...................  1419
        Report on relationship between Lebanese armed forces and 
          Hizballah..............................................  1420
        Imposition of sanctions relating to Central America......  1420
        Report on hostilities involving United States Armed 
          Forces.................................................  1420
        Repeal of Authorization for the Use of Military Force....  1420
        Short title..............................................  1421
        Modification of certification and report requirements 
          relating to sales of major defense equipment with 
          respect to which nonrecurring costs of research, 
          development, and production are waived or reduced under 
          the Arms Export Control Act............................  1421
        Review and report on use and management of administrative 
          surcharges under the foreign military sales program....  1421
        Performance measures to monitor foreign military sales 
          program................................................  1421
        Report and briefing on administrative budgeting of 
          foreign military sales program.........................  1421
        Training program for relevant officials and staff of the 
          Defense Security Cooperation Agency....................  1422
        Definitions..............................................  1422
        Sense of Senate on security concerns with respect to 
          leasing arrangements for the Port of Haifa in Israel...  1422
        Matters relating to Burma................................  1422
        Sanctions with respect to foreign persons that engage in 
          activities described in section 1281(a)(2).............  1423
        Stop Financing of Al-Shabaab Act.........................  1423
        Report on contracts with entities affiliated with the 
          Government of the People's Republic of China or the 
          Chinese Communist Party................................  1423
        United States-India defense cooperation in the Western 
          Indian Ocean...........................................  1424
        Sense of Congress on Hong Kong port visits...............  1424
        Implementation of the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act 
          with regard to Taiwan arms sales.......................  1424
TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION.........................  1424
        Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
          reduction funds (sec. 1301)............................  1424
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1424
        Funding for cooperative biological engagement program....  1424
        Cooperative Threat Reduction Program enhancement.........  1425
TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS..................................  1425
    Subtitle A--Military Programs................................  1425
        Working capital funds (sec. 1401)........................  1425
        Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense (sec. 
          1402)..................................................  1425
        Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-
          wide (sec. 1403).......................................  1425
        Defense inspector general (sec. 1404)....................  1425
        Defense health program (sec. 1405).......................  1426
    Subtitle B--Other Matters....................................  1426
        Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
          Care Center, Illinois (sec. 1411)......................  1426
        Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces 
          Retirement Home (sec. 1412)............................  1426
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1426
        National Defense Sealift Fund............................  1426
        Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed 
          Forces Retirement Home.................................  1426
TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
  CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.........................................  1427
        Purpose (sec. 1501)......................................  1427
        Treatment as additional authorizations (sec. 1502).......  1427
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations for Overseas 
      Contigency Operations......................................  1427
        Overseas contingency operations (sec. 1511)..............  1427
        Procurement (sec. 1512)..................................  1427
        Research, development, test, and evaluation (sec. 1513)..  1428
        Operation and maintenance (sec. 1514)....................  1428
        Military personnel (sec. 1515)...........................  1428
        Working capital funds (sec. 1516)........................  1428
        Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-
          wide (sec. 1517).......................................  1428
        Defense inspector general (sec. 1518)....................  1428
        Defense health program (sec. 1519).......................  1429
        Afghanistan Security Forces Fund (sec. 1520).............  1429
        Special transfer authority (sec. 1520A)..................  1429
    Subtitle B--Authorization of Appropriations for Emergency 
      Funds for Recovery and Restoration.........................  1430
        Procurement (sec. 1521)..................................  1430
        Research, development, test, and evaluation (sec. 1522)..  1430
        Operation and maintenance (sec. 1523)....................  1430
        Restriction on transfer of funds authorized by this 
          subtitle (sec. 1524)...................................  1430
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1430
        Review of Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization 
          research relating to humanitarian demining efforts.....  1430
TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS...  1431
    Budget Items.................................................  1431
        Standard Missile-3 Block IIA flight test against 
          intercontinental ballistic missile target..............  1431
    Subtitle A--Space Activities.................................  1431
        Repeal of requirement to establish United States Space 
          Command as a subordinate unified command of the United 
          States Strategic Command (sec. 1601)...................  1431
        Coordination of modernization efforts relating to 
          military-code capable GPS receiver cards (sec. 1602)...  1431
        Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, 
          navigation, and timing capabilities of Global 
          Positioning System (sec. 1603).........................  1432
        Annual determination on plan on full integration and 
          exploitation of overhead persistent infrared capability 
          (sec. 1604)............................................  1432
        Space-based environmental monitoring mission requirements 
          (sec. 1605)............................................  1432
        Resilient enterprise ground architecture (sec. 1606).....  1432
        Prototype program for multi-global navigation satellite 
          system receiver development (sec. 1607)................  1433
        Commercial space situational awareness capabilities (sec. 
          1608)..................................................  1433
        Program to enhance and improve launch support and 
          infrastructure (sec. 1609).............................  1434
        Preparation to implement plan for use of allied launch 
          vehicles (sec. 1610)...................................  1434
        Independent study on plan for deterrence in space (sec. 
          1611)..................................................  1434
        Study on leveraging diverse commercial satellite remote 
          sensing capabilities (sec. 1612).......................  1434
        Annual report on Space Command and Control program (sec. 
          1613)..................................................  1434
        Report on Space Debris (sec. 1614).......................  1435
    Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related 
      Activities.................................................  1435
        Redesignation of Under Secretary of Defense for 
          Intelligence as Under Secretary of Defense for 
          Intelligence and Security (sec. 1621)..................  1435
        Modifications to ISR Integration Council and annual 
          briefing requirements (sec. 1622)......................  1436
        Modification of annual authorization of appropriations 
          for National Flagship Language Initiative (sec. 1623)..  1436
        Improving the onboarding methodology for intelligence 
          personnel (sec. 1624)..................................  1436
        Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency 
          activities on facilitating access to local criminal 
          records historical data (sec. 1625)....................  1436
        Survey and report on alignment of intelligence 
          collections capabilities and activities with Department 
          of Defense requirements (sec. 1626)....................  1436
        Reports on Consolidated Adjudication Facility of the 
          Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency (sec. 
          1627)..................................................  1437
        Report on the expanded purview of the Defense 
          Counterintelligence and Security Agency (sec. 1628)....  1437
        Termination of requirement for Department of Defense 
          facility access clearances for joint ventures composed 
          of previously-cleared entities (sec. 1629).............  1437
    Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters.......................  1438
        Matters relating to military operations in the 
          information environment (sec. 1631)....................  1438
        Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
          operations (sec. 1632).................................  1438
        Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon 
          systems of the Department of Defense (sec. 1633).......  1438
        Quarterly assessments of the readiness of Cyber Mission 
          Forces (sec. 1634).....................................  1439
        Cyber posture review (sec. 1635).........................  1439
        Modification of elements of assessment required for 
          termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander of 
          the United States Cyber Command (sec. 1636)............  1439
        Modification of cyber scholarship program (sec. 1637)....  1440
        Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a 
          cyber incident (sec. 1638).............................  1440
        Extension of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission (sec. 
          1639)..................................................  1440
        Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for 
          cyber operations-peculiar capability development 
          projects (sec. 1640)...................................  1441
        Role of Chief Information Officer in improving 
          enterprise-wide cybersecurity (sec. 1641)..............  1441
        Notification of delegation of authorities to the 
          Secretary of Defense for military operations in 
          cyberspace (sec. 1642).................................  1441
        Limitation of funding for Consolidated Afloat Networks 
          and Enterprise Services (sec. 1643)....................  1442
        Annual military cyberspace operations report (sec. 1644).  1442
        Annual report on cyber attacks and intrusions against the 
          Department of Defense by certain foreign entities (sec. 
          1645)..................................................  1442
        Control and analysis of Department of Defense data stolen 
          through cyberspace (sec. 1646).........................  1442
        Use of National Security Agency cybersecurity expertise 
          to support evaluation of commercial cybersecurity 
          products (sec. 1647)...................................  1443
        Framework to enhance cybersecurity of the United States 
          defense industrial base (sec. 1648)....................  1443
        Report on cybersecurity training programs (sec. 1649)....  1443
        National Security Presidential Memorandums relating to 
          Department of Defense operations in cyberspace (sec. 
          1650)..................................................  1444
        Reorientation of Big Data Platform program (sec. 1651)...  1444
        Zero-based review of Department of Defense cyber and 
          information technology personnel (sec. 1652)...........  1444
        Study on improving cyber career paths in the Navy (sec. 
          1653)..................................................  1444
        Accreditation standards and processes for cybersecurity 
          and information technology products and services (sec. 
          1654)..................................................  1444
        Study on future cyber warfighting capabilities of 
          Department of Defense (sec. 1655)......................  1445
        Study to determine the optimal strategy for structuring 
          and manning elements of the Joint Force Headquarters-
          Cyber organizations, Joint Mission Operations Centers, 
          and Cyber Operations-Integrated Planning Elements (sec. 
          1656)..................................................  1445
        Cyber governance structures and Principal Cyber Advisors 
          on military cyber force matters (sec. 1657)............  1445
        Designation of test networks for testing and 
          accreditation of cybersecurity products and services 
          (sec. 1658)............................................  1446
        Consortia of universities to advise Secretary of Defense 
          on cybersecurity matters (sec. 1659)...................  1446
        Joint assessment of Department of Defense cyber red team 
          capabilities, capacity, demand, and requirements (sec. 
          1660)..................................................  1446
    Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces...................................  1447
        Conforming amendment to Council on Oversight of the 
          National Leadership Command, Control, and 
          Communications System (sec. 1661)......................  1447
        Modification of authorities relating to nuclear command, 
          control, and communications system (sec. 1662).........  1447
        Briefings on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons Council 
          (sec. 1663)............................................  1447
        Consideration of budget matters at meetings of Nuclear 
          Weapons Council (sec. 1664)............................  1447
        Improvement to annual report on the modernization of the 
          nuclear weapons enterprise (sec. 1665).................  1448
        Expansion of officials required to conduct biennial 
          assessments of delivery platforms for nuclear weapons 
          and nuclear command and control system (sec. 1666).....  1448
        Extension of annual briefing on costs of forward-
          deploying nuclear weapons in Europe (sec. 1667)........  1448
        Elimination of conventional requirement for long-range 
          standoff weapon (sec. 1668)............................  1449
        Briefing on long-range standoff weapon and sea-launched 
          cruise missile (sec. 1669).............................  1449
        Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for 
          mobile variant of ground-based strategic deterrent 
          missile (sec. 1670)....................................  1449
        Reports on development of ground-based strategic 
          deterrent weapon (sec. 1671)...........................  1449
        Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental 
          ballistic missiles of the United States (sec. 1672)....  1450
        Independent study on policy of no-first-use of nuclear 
          weapons (sec. 1673)....................................  1450
        Independent study on risks of nuclear terrorism and 
          nuclear war (sec. 1674)................................  1450
        Report on military-to-military dialogue to reduce risks 
          of miscalculation leading to nuclear war (sec. 1675)...  1450
        Report on nuclear forces of the United States and near-
          peer countries (sec. 1676).............................  1451
        Report on operation of conventional forces of military 
          departments under employment or threat of employment of 
          nuclear weapons (sec. 1677)............................  1451
        Report on operation of conventional forces of certain 
          combatant commands under employment or threat of 
          employment of nuclear weapons (sec. 1678)..............  1451
        Briefings on plan for future-systems-level architecture 
          of nuclear command, control, and communications systems 
          (sec. 1679)............................................  1452
        Sense of Congress on nuclear deterrence commitments of 
          the United States (sec. 1680)..........................  1452
    Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs.........................  1452
        National missile defense policy (sec. 1681)..............  1452
        Development of space-based ballistic missile intercept 
          layer (sec. 1682)......................................  1453
        Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
          space sensor payload (sec. 1683).......................  1453
        Modifications to required testing by Missile Defense 
          Agency of ground-based midcourse defense element of 
          ballistic missile defense system (sec. 1684)...........  1454
        Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          cooperative missile defense program co-development and 
          co-production (sec. 1685)..............................  1454
        Limitation on availability of funds for lower tier air 
          and missile defense sensor (sec. 1686).................  1454
        Plan for the redesigned kill vehicle replacement (sec. 
          1687)..................................................  1454
        Organization, authorities, and billets of the Missile 
          Defense Agency (sec. 1688).............................  1455
        Annual assessment of ballistic missile defense system 
          (sec. 1689)............................................  1456
        Command and control, battle management, and 
          communications program (sec. 1690).....................  1456
        Missile defense interceptor site in contiguous United 
          States (sec. 1691).....................................  1456
        Independent study on impacts of missile defense 
          development and deployment (sec. 1692).................  1457
        Report and briefing on multi-volume kill capability (sec. 
          1693)..................................................  1457
    Subtitle F--Other Matters....................................  1457
        Extension of authorization for protection of certain 
          facilities and assets from unmanned aircraft (sec. 
          1694)..................................................  1457
        Repeal of requirement for commission on electromagnetic 
          pulse attacks and similar events (sec. 1695)...........  1458
        Repeal of review requirement for ammonium perchlorate 
          report (sec. 1696).....................................  1458
        Transferability of conventional prompt global strike 
          weapon system technologies to surface-launched 
          platforms (sec. 1697)..................................  1458
        Prohibition on availability of funds for certain 
          offensive ground-launched ballistic or cruise missile 
          systems (sec. 1698)....................................  1458
        Hard and deeply buried targets (sec. 1699)...............  1459
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1459
        Intelligence assessment of relationship between women and 
          violent extremism......................................  1459
        Modification of term of Commander of Air Force Space 
          Command................................................  1459
        Funding for Defense Counterintelligence and Security 
          Agency.................................................  1460
        Report on potential Defense Intelligence Polygraph 
          Examination Military Transition Program................  1460
        National Security Space Launch Program...................  1461
        Cybersecurity Defense Academy pilot program..............  1461
        Expansion of authority for access and information 
          relating to cyberattacks on Department of Defense 
          operationally critical contractors.....................  1461
        Briefing on memorandum of understanding relating to joint 
          operational planning and control of cyberattacks of 
          national scale.........................................  1462
        Prohibition on availability of funds for deployment of 
          low-yield ballistic missile warhead....................  1463
        Sense of the Senate on industrial base for ground-based 
          strategic deterrent program............................  1463
        Missile defense radar in Hawaii..........................  1463
        Sense of the Senate on missile defense technology 
          development priorities.................................  1464
        Modification to reports on certain solid rocket motors...  1464
        Sense of Senate on support for a robust and modern ICBM 
          force to maximize the value of the nuclear triad of the 
          United States..........................................  1464
TITLE XVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS............................  1464
    Subtitle A--Studies And Reports..............................  1464
        Modification of annual reporting requirement on defense 
          manpower (sec. 1701)...................................  1464
        Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
          certain recurring reports (sec. 1702)..................  1465
        Modification of annual report on civilian casualties in 
          connection with United States military operations (sec. 
          1703)..................................................  1465
        Extension of requirement for briefings on the national 
          biodefense strategy (sec. 1704)........................  1466
        Authorization of appropriations for title III of the 
          Defense Production Act of 1950 (sec. 1705).............  1466
        Report on the Department of Defense plan for mass-
          casualty disaster response operations in the Arctic 
          (sec. 1706)............................................  1466
        Transmittal to Congress of requests for assistance from 
          other departments of the Federal Government that are 
          approved by the Department of Defense (sec. 1707)......  1466
        Report and briefing on implementation of national defense 
          strategy (sec. 1708)...................................  1467
        Actions to increase analytic support (sec. 1709).........  1467
        Inclusion of certain individuals investigated by 
          Inspectors General in the semiannual report (sec. 1710)  1467
        Annual report on Joint Military Information Support 
          Operations Web Operations Center (sec. 1711)...........  1468
        Mobility capability requirements study (sec. 1712).......  1468
        Assessment of special operations force structure (sec. 
          1713)..................................................  1468
        Army aviation strategic plan and modernization roadmap 
          (sec. 1714)............................................  1468
        Report on ground based long-range artillery to counter 
          land and maritime threats (sec. 1715)..................  1468
        Independent review of transportation working-capital fund 
          (sec. 1716)............................................  1469
        Geographic command risk assessment of proposed use of 
          certain aircraft capabilities (sec. 1717)..............  1469
        Report on the backlog of personnel security clearance 
          adjudications (sec. 1718)..............................  1469
        Report regarding outstanding Government Accountability 
          Office recommendations (sec. 1719).....................  1469
        Report on National Guard and United States Northern 
          Command capacity to meet homeland defense and security 
          incidents (sec. 1720)..................................  1470
        Assessment of standards, processes, procedures, and 
          policy relating to civilian casualties (sec. 1721).....  1470
        Report on transfers of equipment to prohibited entities 
          (sec. 1722)............................................  1470
        Annual report on strikes undertaken by the United States 
          against terrorist targets outside areas of active 
          hostilities (sec. 1723)................................  1470
        Review and assessment of mitigation of military 
          helicopter noise (sec. 1724)...........................  1471
    Subtitle B--Other Matters....................................  1471
        Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments (sec. 
          1731)..................................................  1471
        Establishment of lead Inspector General for an overseas 
          contingency operation based on Secretary of Defense 
          notification (sec. 1732)...............................  1471
        Clarification of authority of Inspectors General for 
          overseas contingency operations (sec. 1733)............  1471
        Employment status of annuitants for Inspectors General 
          for overseas contingency operations (sec. 1734)........  1472
        Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial 
          Intelligence (sec. 1735)...............................  1472
        Exemption from calculation of monthly income, for 
          purposes of bankruptcy laws, of certain payments from 
          the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department 
          of Defense (sec. 1736).................................  1473
        Extension of postage stamp for breast cancer research 
          (sec. 1737)............................................  1473
        National Commission on Military Aviation Safety (sec. 
          1738)..................................................  1473
        Guarantee of residency for spouses of members of 
          uniformed services (sec. 1739).........................  1474
        Electromagnetic pulses and geomagnetic disturbances (sec. 
          1740)..................................................  1474
        Improvements to Manufacturing USA Program (sec. 1741)....  1474
        Regional innovation program (sec. 1742)..................  1474
        Aviation workforce development (sec. 1743)...............  1475
        Oversight of Department of Defense execute orders (sec. 
          1744)..................................................  1475
        Processes and procedures for notifications regarding 
          special operations forces (sec. 1745)..................  1475
        Securing American science and technology (sec. 1746).....  1476
        Standardized policy guidance for calculating aircraft 
          operation and sustainment costs (sec. 1747)............  1476
        Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group (sec. 
          1748)..................................................  1476
        Prohibition on names related to the Confederacy (sec. 
          1749)..................................................  1476
        Support for National Maritime Heritage Grants program 
          (sec. 1750)............................................  1477
        Support for world language advancement and readiness 
          (sec. 1751)............................................  1477
        Designation of Department of Defense strategic Arctic 
          ports (sec. 1752)......................................  1477
        Independent studies regarding potential cost savings with 
          respect to the nuclear security enterprise and force 
          structure (sec. 1753)..................................  1477
        Comprehensive Department of Defense policy on collective 
          self-defense (sec. 1754)...............................  1478
        Policy regarding the transition of data and applications 
          to the cloud (sec. 1755)...............................  1478
        Integrated public alert and warning system (sec. 1756)...  1478
        Improving quality of information in background 
          investigation request packages (sec. 1757).............  1478
        Parole in place for members of the Armed Forces and 
          certain military dependents (sec. 1758)................  1479
        Report on reducing the backlog in legally required 
          historical declassification obligations of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 1759)......................  1479
        Military type certification for light attack 
          experimentation aircraft (sec. 1760)...................  1480
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1480
        Short title..............................................  1480
        Definitions..............................................  1480
        No Force and Effect......................................  1480
DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS.................  1480
        Summary and explanation of funding tables................  1480
        Short title (sec. 2001)..................................  1481
        Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law (sec. 2002)...........................  1481
        Effective date (sec. 2003)...............................  1481
TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION............................  1481
        Summary..................................................  1481
        Authorized Army construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2101)...................................  1482
        Family housing (sec. 2102)...............................  1482
        Authorization of appropriations, Army (sec. 2103)........  1483
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2019 projects (sec. 2104).........................  1483
TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION...........................  1483
        Summary..................................................  1483
        Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2201)...................................  1484
        Family housing (sec. 2202)...............................  1484
        Improvements to military family housing units (sec. 2203)  1485
        Authorization of appropriations, Navy (sec. 2204)........  1485
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2017 project (sec. 2205)..........................  1485
TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION.....................  1485
        Summary..................................................  1485
        Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2301)...................................  1486
        Family housing (sec. 2302)...............................  1487
        Improvements to military family housing units (sec. 2303)  1487
        Authorization of appropriations, Air Force (sec. 2304)...  1487
        Modification of authorities to carry out phased Joint 
          Intelligence Analysis Complex consolidation (sec. 2305)  1487
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2016 project (sec. 2306)..........................  1488
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2017 project (sec. 2307)..........................  1488
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2018 projects (sec. 2308).........................  1488
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2019 projects (sec. 2309).........................  1488
TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION...............  1489
        Summary..................................................  1489
        Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2401).......................  1490
        Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
          Program projects (sec. 2402)...........................  1490
        Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies (sec. 
          2403)..................................................  1490
TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS................................  1490
    Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security 
      Investment Program.........................................  1490
        Summary..................................................  1490
        Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2501)...................................  1491
        Authorization of appropriations, NATO (sec. 2502)........  1491
    Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions...............  1491
        Republic of Korea funded construction projects (sec. 
          2511)..................................................  1491
TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES..................  1491
        Summary..................................................  1491
        Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2601).......................  1492
        Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2602)...................................  1492
        Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
          construction and land acquisition projects (sec. 2603).  1492
        Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2604).......................  1492
        Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2605).......................  1493
        Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and 
          Reserve (sec. 2606)....................................  1493
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1493
        Review and report on construction of new, or maintenance 
          of existing, direct fuel pipeline connections at Air 
          National Guard and Air Force Reserve installations.....  1493
TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES.............  1495
        Summary..................................................  1495
        Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
          base closure account (sec. 2701).......................  1495
        Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
          closure (BRAC) round (sec. 2702).......................  1495
TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS.......  1495
    Subtitle A--Military Construction Program....................  1495
        Military installation resilience plans and projects (sec. 
          2801)..................................................  1495
        Improved consultation with tribal governments when 
          proposed military construction projects potentially 
          impact Indian tribes (sec. 2802).......................  1496
        Increased authority for use of certain appropriations 
          amounts for restoration or replacement of damaged or 
          destroyed facilities (sec. 2803).......................  1496
        Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to promote 
          military installation resilience, energy resilience, 
          energy and climate resiliency, and cyber resilience 
          (sec. 2804)............................................  1496
        Modification to Department of Defense Form 1391 regarding 
          consideration of potential long-term adverse 
          environmental effects (sec. 2805)......................  1497
        Improved flood risk disclosure for military construction 
          (sec. 2806)............................................  1497
        Prioritization of projects in annual report on unfunded 
          requirements for laboratory military construction 
          projects (sec. 2807)...................................  1497
        Technical corrections and improvements to defense access 
          road resilience (sec. 2808)............................  1497
        Military construction projects for child development 
          centers at military installations (sec. 2809)..........  1497
        Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency 
          or demolish protected aircraft shelters in the European 
          theater without creating a similar protection from 
          attack (sec. 2810).....................................  1498
        Prohibition on use of funds to close or return certain 
          bases to the host nation (sec. 2811)...................  1498
    Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration......  1499
        Improved energy security for main operating bases in 
          Europe (sec. 2821).....................................  1499
        Access to Department of Defense installations for 
          credentialed transportation workers (sec. 2822)........  1499
        Improved recording and maintaining of Department of 
          Defense real property data (sec. 2823).................  1499
    Subtitle C--Land Conveyances.................................  1499
        Land conveyance, Hill Air Force Base, Ogden, Utah (sec. 
          2831)..................................................  1499
        Release of interests retained in Camp Joseph T. Robinson, 
          Arkansas, for use of such land as a veterans cemetery 
          (sec. 2832)............................................  1499
        Modification of authorized uses of certain property 
          conveyed by the United States in Los Angeles, 
          California (sec. 2833).................................  1500
        Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over certain 
          parcels of Federal land in Arlington, Virginia (sec. 
          2834)..................................................  1500
    Subtitle D--Military Land Withdrawals........................  1500
        Public notice regarding upcoming periods of Secretary of 
          the Navy management of Shared Use Area of the Johnson 
          Valley Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Area (sec. 2841).  1500
    Subtitle E--White Sands National Park and White Sands Missile 
      Range......................................................  1500
        White Sands Missile Range Land Enhancements (sec. 2851)..  1500
    Subtitle F--Other Matters....................................  1501
        Installation and maintenance of fire extinguishers in 
          Department of Defense facilities (sec. 2861)...........  1501
        Definition of community infrastructure for purposes of 
          military base reuse studies and community planning 
          assistance (sec. 2862).................................  1501
        Temporary authority for acceptance and use of 
          contributions for certain design and construction 
          projects mutually beneficial to the Department of 
          Defense and the Republic of Korea (sec. 2863)..........  1501
        Black start exercises at military installations (sec. 
          2864)..................................................  1501
        Pilot program to extend service life of roads and runways 
          under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense 
          (sec. 2865)............................................  1502
        Restrictions on rehabilitation of Over-the-Horizon 
          Backscatter Radar System receiving station, Modoc 
          County, California (sec. 2866).........................  1502
        Designation of Sumpter Smith Joint National Guard Base 
          (sec. 2867)............................................  1502
        Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians land affirmation (sec. 
          2868)..................................................  1502
        Lands to be taken into trust as part of the reservation 
          of the Lytton Rancheria (sec. 2869)....................  1502
        Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana (sec. 
          2870)..................................................  1503
        Sense of Congress on restoration of Tyndall Air Force 
          Base (sec. 2871).......................................  1503
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1503
        Prohibition on use of military construction funds for 
          construction of a wall, fence, or other physical 
          barrier along the southern border of the United States.  1503
        Modification and clarification of construction authority 
          in the event of a declaration of war or national 
          emergency..............................................  1503
        Modification of requirements relating to land acquisition 
          in Arlington County, Virginia..........................  1503
        Equal treatment of insured depository institutions and 
          credit unions operating on military installations......  1504
        Prohibition on use of funds to privatize temporary 
          lodging on installations of Department of Defense......  1504
        Report on encroachment challenges on military 
          installations posed by non-military aircraft...........  1504
        Report on capacity of Department of Defense to provide 
          survivors of natural disasters with emergency short-
          term housing...........................................  1505
        Continued Department of Defense use of heating, 
          ventilation, and air conditioning systems utilizing 
          variable refrigerant flow..............................  1505
        Report on Department of Defense use of intergovernmental 
          support agreements.....................................  1505
        Report on vulnerabilities from sea level rise to certain 
          military installations located outside the continental 
          United States..........................................  1505
        Report on projects awaiting approval from the Realty 
          Governance Board.......................................  1506
        Report on lead service lines at military installations...  1506
        Renaming of Lejeune High School in honor of Congressman 
          Walter B. Jones........................................  1507
        Operation, maintenance, and preservation of Mare Island 
          Naval Cemetery, Vallejo, California....................  1507
TITLE XXIX--AUTHORIZATION OF OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS 
  MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND EMERGENCY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION......  1507
    Subtitle A--Overseas Contingency Operations Military 
      Construction...............................................  1507
        Summary..................................................  1507
        Authorized Army construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2901)...................................  1508
        Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2902)...................................  1508
        Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2903)...................................  1509
        Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2904).......................  1509
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 2905)..............  1509
    Subtitle B--Emergency Military Construction..................  1509
        Authorization of emergency Navy construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2911).......................  1509
        Authorization of emergency Air Force construction and 
          land acquisition projects (sec. 2912)..................  1509
        Authorization of emergency Army National Guard 
          construction and land acquisition projects (sec. 2913).  1510
        Authorization of emergency Defense Agencies construction 
          and land acquisition projects (sec. 2914)..............  1510
        Authorization of emergency supplemental appropriations 
          for military construction projects (sec. 2915).........  1510
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1510
        Replenishment of certain military constructions funds....  1510
TITLE XXX--MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION REFORM.................  1510
        Definitions (sec. 3001)..................................  1510
    Subtitle A--Addition of New Reform Subchapter................  1511
        Improved accountability and oversight of privatized 
          military housing and protections and responsibilities 
          for tenants of privatized military housing (sec. 3011).  1511
        Designation of Chief Housing Officer for privatized 
          military housing (sec. 3012)...........................  1511
        Additional requirements relating to contracts for 
          privatized military housing (sec. 3013)................  1511
        Additional requirements relating to management of 
          privatized military housing (sec. 3014)................  1512
        Consideration of contractor history in contracts for 
          privatized military housing (sec. 3015)................  1512
        Additional improvements for management of privatized 
          military housing (sec. 3016)...........................  1512
        Maintenance work order system for privatized military 
          housing (sec. 3017)....................................  1513
        Access by tenants of privatized military housing to 
          maintenance work order system (sec. 3018)..............  1513
        Access by tenants to historical maintenance information 
          for privatized military housing (sec. 3019)............  1513
        Prohibition on requirement to disclose personally 
          identifiable information in certain requests for 
          maintenance of privatized military housing (sec. 3020).  1514
        Treatment of incentive fees for landlords of privatized 
          military housing for failure to remedy a health or 
          environmental hazard (sec. 3021).......................  1514
        Dispute resolution process for landlord-tenant disputes 
          regarding privatized military housing and requests to 
          withhold payments during dispute resolution process 
          (sec. 3022)............................................  1514
        Investigation of reports of reprisals relating to 
          privatized military housing and congressional 
          notification (sec. 3023)...............................  1514
        Prohibition on use of nondisclosure agreements in 
          connection with leases of privatized military housing 
          (sec. 3024)............................................  1515
    Subtitle B--Other Amendatory Provisions......................  1515
        Installation of carbon monoxide detectors in military 
          family housing (sec. 3031).............................  1515
        Authority to furnish certain services in connection with 
          use of alternative authority for acquisition and 
          improvement of military housing (sec. 3032)............  1515
        Treatment of breach of contract for privatized military 
          housing (sec. 3033)....................................  1515
        Modification to requirements for window fall prevention 
          devices in military family housing units (sec. 3034)...  1515
        Expansion of direct hire authority for Department of 
          Defense for childcare services providers for Department 
          child development centers to include direct hire 
          authority for installation military housing office 
          personnel (sec. 3035)..................................  1516
        Modification of authority to make payments to lessors of 
          privatized military housing (sec. 3036)................  1516
        Technical correction to definition used to make payments 
          to lessors of privatized military housing (sec. 3037)..  1516
    Subtitle C--One-Time Reporting Requirements..................  1517
        Report on civilian personnel shortages for appropriate 
          oversight of management of military housing constructed 
          or acquired using alternative authority for acquisition 
          and improvement of military housing (sec. 3041)........  1517
        Plans for creation of councils on privatized military 
          housing (sec. 3042)....................................  1517
        Plan for establishment of Department of Defense 
          jurisdiction over off-base privatized military housing 
          (sec. 3043)............................................  1517
        Inspector General review of Department of Defense 
          oversight of privatized military housing (sec. 3044)...  1517
        Information on legal services provided to members of the 
          Armed Forces harmed by health or environmental hazards 
          at military housing (sec. 3045)........................  1518
    Subtitle D--Development of Housing Reform Standards and 
      Processes..................................................  1518
        Uniform code of basic standards for privatized military 
          housing and plan to conduct inspections and assessments 
          (sec. 3051)............................................  1518
        Tool for assessment of hazards in Department of Defense 
          housing (sec. 3052)....................................  1518
        Process to identify and address environmental health 
          hazards in Department of Defense housing (sec. 3053)...  1518
        Department of Defense policy on lead-based paint testing 
          on military installations (sec. 3054)..................  1519
        Standard for minimum credentials for health and 
          environmental inspectors of privatized military housing 
          (sec. 3055)............................................  1519
        Requirements relating to move-in, move-out, and 
          maintenance of privatized military housing (sec. 3056).  1519
        Standardized documentation, templates, and forms for 
          privatized military housing (sec. 3057)................  1519
        Satisfaction survey for tenants of military housing (sec. 
          3058)..................................................  1520
    Subtitle E--Other Housing Reform Matters.....................  1520
        Radon testing of privatized military housing (sec. 3061).  1520
        Mitigation of risks posed by certain items in military 
          family housing units (sec. 3062).......................  1520
        Suspension of Resident Energy Conservation Program and 
          related programs for privatized military housing (sec. 
          3063)..................................................  1521
        Department of the Army pilot program to build and monitor 
          use of single family homes (sec. 3064).................  1521
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1521
        Command oversight of military privatized housing as 
          element of performance evaluations.....................  1521
DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS 
  AND OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS.......................................  1522
TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS......  1522
    Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations........  1522
        National Nuclear Security Administration (sec. 3101).....  1522
        Defense environmental cleanup (sec. 3102)................  1522
        Other defense activities (sec. 3103).....................  1522
        Nuclear energy (sec. 3104)...............................  1522
    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and 
      Limitations................................................  1522
        Personnel matters at National Nuclear Security 
          Administration (sec. 3111).............................  1522
        Estimation of costs of meeting defense environmental 
          cleanup milestones required by consent orders (sec. 
          3112)..................................................  1523
        Office of Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation (sec. 
          3113)..................................................  1523
        Clarification of certain Stockpile Responsiveness Program 
          objectives (sec. 3114).................................  1523
        Elimination of limitation on availability of funds 
          relating to submission of annual reports on unfunded 
          priorities (sec. 3115).................................  1523
        Modification to certain requirements relating to 
          plutonium pit production capacity (sec. 3116)..........  1524
        Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation 
          Pilot Plant (sec. 3117)................................  1524
        Extension and modification of pilot program on 
          unavailability for overhead costs of amounts specified 
          for laboratory-directed research and development (sec. 
          3118)..................................................  1524
        Modification to limitation on availability of funds for 
          acceleration of nuclear weapons dismantlement (sec. 
          3119)..................................................  1525
        Implementation of common financial reporting system for 
          nuclear security enterprise (sec. 3120)................  1525
        Limitation relating to reclassification of high-level 
          waste (sec. 3121)......................................  1525
        National Laboratory Jobs ACCESS Program (sec. 3122)......  1525
    Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters........................  1526
        Civil penalties for violations of certain whistleblower 
          protections (sec. 3131)................................  1526
        Repeal of assessments of adequacy of budget requests 
          relating to nuclear weapons stockpile (sec. 3132)......  1526
        Repeal of requirement for review relating to enhanced 
          procurement authority (sec. 3133)......................  1526
        Improvements to Energy Employees Occupational Illness 
          Compensation Program Act of 2000 (sec. 3134)...........  1526
        Replacement of W78 warhead (sec. 3135)...................  1527
        Independent review of capabilities for detection, 
          verification, and monitoring of nuclear weapons and 
          fissile material (sec. 3136)...........................  1527
        Assessment of high energy density physics (sec. 3137)....  1527
        Determination of effect of treaty obligations with 
          respect to producing tritium (sec. 3138)...............  1528
        Technical corrections to National Nuclear Security 
          Administration Act and Atomic Energy Defense Act (sec. 
          3139)..................................................  1528
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1528
        National Nuclear Security Administration Personnel System  1528
        Program for research and development of advanced naval 
          nuclear fuel system based on low-enriched uranium......  1528
        Availability of amounts for denuclearization of 
          Democratic People's Republic of North Korea............  1529
        Funding for inertial confinement fusion ignition and high 
          yield program..........................................  1529
TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD.............  1529
        Authorization (sec. 3201)................................  1529
        Improvements to Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board 
          (sec. 3202)............................................  1529
        Membership of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board 
          (sec. 3203)............................................  1530
TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES............................  1530
        Authorization of Appropriations (sec. 3401)..............  1530
TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS.....................................  1531
    Subtitle A--Maritime Administration..........................  1531
        Authorization of the Maritime Administration (sec. 3501).  1531
        Reauthorization of Maritime Security Program (sec. 3502).  1531
        Maritime technical assistance program (sec. 3503)........  1531
        Appointment of candidates attending sponsored preparatory 
          school (sec. 3504).....................................  1531
        General support program (sec. 3505)......................  1531
        Improvements to the maritime guaranteed loan program 
          (sec. 3506)............................................  1532
        Requirement for small shipyard grantees (sec. 3507)......  1532
        Salvage recoveries of cargoes (sec. 3508)................  1532
        Salvage recoveries for subrogated ownership of vessels 
          and cargoes (sec. 3509)................................  1532
        Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory 
          Committee (sec. 3510)..................................  1532
        Military to mariner (sec. 3511)..........................  1533
        Department of Transportation Inspector General Report 
          (sec. 3512)............................................  1533
        Independent study on the United States Merchant Marine 
          Academy (sec. 3513)....................................  1533
        Port operations, research, and technology (sec. 3514)....  1533
        Assessment and report on strategic seaports (sec. 3515)..  1533
        Technical corrections (sec. 3516)........................  1534
        United States Merchant Marine Academy sexual assault 
          prevention and response program (sec. 3517)............  1534
        Report on vessels for emerging offshore energy 
          infrastructure (sec. 3518).............................  1534
        Report on United States flagged fuel tanker vessel 
          capacity (sec. 3519)...................................  1534
    Subtitle B--Cable Security Fleet.............................  1535
        Establishment of cable security fleet (sec. 3521)........  1535
    Subtitle C--Maritime Safe Act................................  1535
        Short titles (sec. 3531).................................  1535
        Definitions (sec. 3532)..................................  1535
        Purposes (sec. 3533).....................................  1535
        Statement of policy (sec. 3534)..........................  1535
     Part I--Programs To Combat IUU Fishing and Increase Maritime 
      Security...................................................  1535
        Coordination with international organizations (sec. 3541)  1535
        Engagement of diplomatic missions of the United States 
          (sec. 3542)............................................  1536
        Assistance by Federal agencies to improve law enforcement 
          within priority regions and priority flag states (sec. 
          3543)..................................................  1536
        Expansion of existing mechanisms to combat IUU fishing 
          (sec. 3544)............................................  1536
        Improvement of transparency and traceability programs 
          (sec. 3545)............................................  1536
        Technology programs (sec. 3546)..........................  1536
        Savings clause (sec. 3547)...............................  1537
     Part II--Establishment of Interagency Working Group on IUU 
      Fishing....................................................  1537
        Interagency working group on IUU Fishing (sec. 3551).....  1537
        Strategic plan (sec. 3552)...............................  1537
        Reports (sec. 3553)......................................  1537
        Gulf of Mexico IUU Fishing Subworking Group (sec. 3554)..  1537
     Part III--Combating Human Trafficking in Connection With the 
      Catching and Processing of Seafood Products................  1537
        Finding (sec. 3561)......................................  1537
        Adding the Secretary of Commerce to the Interagency Task 
          Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking (sec. 3562)....  1538
        Human trafficking in the seafood supply chain report 
          (sec. 3563)............................................  1538
     Part IV--Authorization of Appropriations....................  1538
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 3571)..............  1538
        Accounting of funds (sec. 3572)..........................  1538
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1538
        Maritime Administration..................................  1538
        Short title..............................................  1538
        Improvement of National Oceanographic Partnership Program  1539
DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES.......................................  1539
        Authorization of amounts in funding tables (sec. 4001)...  1539
        Summary of National Defense Authorizations for Fiscal 
          Year 2020..............................................  1539
        National Defense Budget Authority Implication............  1545
TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT...........................................  1547
        Procurement (sec. 4101)..................................  1547
        Procurement for overseas contingency operations (sec. 
          4102)..................................................  1589
        Procurement for emergency requirements (sec. 4103).......  1599
TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION..........  1601
        Research, development, test, and evaluation (sec. 4201)..  1601
        Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations (sec. 4202).....................  1654
        Research, development, test, and evaluation for emergency 
          requirements (sec. 4203)...............................  1658
TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE...........................  1659
        Operation and maintenance (sec. 4301)....................  1659
        Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations (sec. 4302).................................  1685
        Operation and maintenance for emergency requirements 
          (sec. 4303)............................................  1697
TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL...................................  1698
        Military personnel (sec. 4401)...........................  1698
        Military personnel for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4402)............................................  1699
TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS..................................  1700
        Other authorizations (sec. 4501).........................  1700
        Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4502)............................................  1704
TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION................................  1705
        Military construction (sec. 4601)........................  1705
        Military construction for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4602)............................................  1721
        Military construction for emergency requirements (sec. 
          4603)..................................................  1724
TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS.....  1727
        Department of Energy national security programs (sec. 
          4701)..................................................  1727
DIVISION E--(INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEARS 2018, 
  2019, AND 2020)................................................  1740
        Intelligence authorizations for fiscal years 2018, 2019, 
          and 2020 (secs. 5001-6747).............................  1740
DIVISION F--OTHER MATTERS........................................  1740
TITLE LXXI--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO NORTH KOREA................  1740
        Sanctions with respect to North Korea and Financial 
          Industry Guidance to Halt Trafficking Act (secs. 7101-
          7155)..................................................  1740
TITLE LXXII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF 
  ILLICIT SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS......................................  1741
        Sanctions with respect to foreign traffickers of illicit 
          synthetic opioids (sec. 7201-7235).....................  1741
TITLE LXXIII--PFAS...............................................  1741
        Definition of Administrator sec. 7302)...................  1741
        Drinking Water (secs. 7311-7312).........................  1741
        PFAS Release Disclosure (secs. 7321).....................  1742
        USGS Performance Standard (secs. 7331-7335)..............  1742
        Emerging Contaminants (secs. 7341-7342)..................  1742
        Toxic Substances Control Act and Other Matters (secs. 
          7351-7362).............................................  1742
TITLE LXXIV--CAESAR SYRIA CIVILIAN PROTECTION ACT OF 2019........  1742
        Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act of 2019 (secs. 7404-
          7438)..................................................  1742
TITLE LXXV--PROTECTING EUROPE'S ENERGY SECURITY..................  1743
        Protecting Europe's Energy Security (secs. 7501-7503)....  1743
TITLE LXXVI--OTHER MATTERS.......................................  1743
    Subtitle A--Federal Employee Paid Leave Act..................  1743
        Federal Employee Paid Leave Act (secs. 7601-7606)........  1743
    Subtitle B--Other Matters....................................  1743
        Liberian refugee immigration fairness (sec. 7611)........  1743
        Pensacola Dam and Reservoir, Grand River, Oklahoma (sec. 
          7612)..................................................  1743
        Limitation on certain rolling stock procurements; 
          cybersecurity certification for rail rolling stock and 
          operations (sec. 7613).................................  1744
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1744
        PFAS designation, effluent limitations, and pretreatment 
          standards..............................................  1744
        Designation as hazardous substances......................  1744
        Utilizing significant emissions with innovative 
          technologies...........................................  1744














116th Congress    }                                    {       Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                    {      116-333

======================================================================



 
        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2020

                                _______
                                

                December 9, 2019.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Smith of Washington, from the committee of conference, submitted 
                             the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                         [To accompany S. 1790]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the bill (S. 
1790), to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of 
Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such 
fiscal year, and for other purposes, having met, after full and 
free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to 
their respective Houses as follows:
      That the Senate recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the House and agree to the same with an amendment 
as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the 
House amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions 
as follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense 
        Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction 
        Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National 
        Security Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--Intelligence Authorizations for 
        Fiscal Years 2018, 2019, and 2020.
            (6) Division F--Other Matters.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
          limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground System-
          Army Increment 1.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.
Sec. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
          aircraft carriers.
Sec. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
          and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.
Sec. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
          force structure.
Sec. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
          waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.
Sec. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.
Sec. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
          designated LPD-31.
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
          Ship.
Sec. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
          combatants.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
          on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element 
          composition.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 142. OC-135B aircraft recapitalization program.
Sec. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with 
          National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
          primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15EX aircraft.
Sec. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC-26B aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
          aircraft.
Sec. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.
Sec. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.
Sec. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement of 
          JASSM-ER missiles.
Sec. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
Sec. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of 
          the Air Force.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
          acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-issue 
          spare parts for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of 
          Turkish F-35A aircraft to the United States.
Sec. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software 
          development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike 
          Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.
Sec. 165. F-35 sustainment cost.
Sec. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F-35 aircraft 
          program.
Sec. 167. Other reports on the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications systems 
          lacking certain resiliency features.
Sec. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
          requirement.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
          of Armed Forces for careers in science, technology, 
          engineering, and mathematics.
Sec. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management 
          authority to attract experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense 
          Innovation Unit.
Sec. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for 
          Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority-
          Serving Institutions of Higher Education.
Sec. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology 
          achievements.
Sec. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.
Sec. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas for 
          expedited access to technical talent.
Sec. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security 
          innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and 
          technology research and development program.
Sec. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and 
          development of capabilities by adversaries.
Sec. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.
Sec. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program.
Sec. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet 
          trusted supply chain and operational security standards.
Sec. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
          probability of detection data link network capability.
Sec. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) 
          infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and base 
          infrastructure.
Sec. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded 
          by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.
Sec. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
          software professionals.
Sec. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and 
          evaluation.
Sec. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
          development.
Sec. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.
Sec. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management 
          System.
Sec. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.
Sec. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, 
          Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, and 
          Operational Energy Capability Improvement.
Sec. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
          Increment 2 capability.

              Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
          science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and 
          evaluation missions.
Sec. 253. Energetics plan.
Sec. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
          information and communications technologies.
Sec. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.
Sec. 258. Report on B-52 commercial engine replacement program.
Sec. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for 
          Department of Defense warfighting systems.
Sec. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
          program.
Sec. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black 
          Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions.
Sec. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to 
          Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
Sec. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
          programs.
Sec. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
          projects that may have an adverse impact on military 
          operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants for 
          energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military 
          operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.
Sec. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.
Sec. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
          utility systems serving military installations.
Sec. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
          restoration authorities to include Federal Government 
          facilities used by National Guard.
Sec. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
          production facilities.
Sec. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.
Sec. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete 
          provisions relating to energy.
Sec. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
          health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
          contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic Substances 
          and Disease Registry.
Sec. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
          fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
          film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
          for training exercises.
Sec. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where 
          tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk 
          assessment tool.
Sec. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase 
          military installation resilience.
Sec. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
          weather.
Sec. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
          Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.
Sec. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances or aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to perfluoroalkyl 
          and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other contaminants of 
          concern.
Sec. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination by 
          perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.
Sec. 334. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.
Sec. 335. Data quality review of radium testing conducted at certain 
          locations of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 336. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain 
          costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
          Plant, Minnesota.
Sec. 337. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for 
          increased combat capability through energy optimization.
Sec. 338. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military 
          installations.

 Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

Sec. 341. Short title.
Sec. 342. Definitions.
Sec. 343. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid 
          (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for agricultural 
          purposes.
Sec. 344. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.
Sec. 345. Remediation plan.

                  Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 352. Clarification of authority regarding use of working-capital 
          funds for unspecified minor military construction projects 
          related to revitalization and recapitalization of defense 
          industrial base facilities.
Sec. 353. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
          deployment of naval vessels.
Sec. 354. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
          for arsenals, depots, and plants.
Sec. 355. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 356. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
          equipment.
Sec. 357. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical 
          shipbuilding skills.
Sec. 358. Requirement for military department inter-service depot 
          maintenance.
Sec. 359. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the 
          Department of Defense.

                           Subtitle E--Reports

Sec. 361. Readiness reporting.
Sec. 362. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense 
          Readiness Reporting System Strategic.
Sec. 363. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 364. Report on Runit Dome.
Sec. 365. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
          ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.
Sec. 366. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
          readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and 
          military operations areas.
Sec. 372. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
          adoption of military animals.
Sec. 373. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
          Department of Defense reimbursement rate for transportation 
          services provided to certain non-Department of Defense 
          entities.
Sec. 374. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
          non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 375. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 376. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 377. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
          program.
Sec. 378. Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active duty.
Sec. 416. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
          serving on full-time reserve component duty for administration 
          of the reserves or the National Guard.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
          component of commissioned officers previously subject to 
          original appointment in other type of component.
Sec. 502. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion 
          selection boards.
Sec. 503. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion 
          by promotion selection boards.
Sec. 504. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
          officers in certain military specialties and career tracks.
Sec. 505. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 506. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of 
          members of the Armed Forces and related unit operating and 
          personnel tempo matters.
Sec. 507. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
          Special Operations Command during periods of inapplicability 
          of high-deployment limitations.
Sec. 508. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of 
          chaplains in general and flag officer grades.
Sec. 509. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening of 
          determination or certification of retired grade.
Sec. 510. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
          particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.
Sec. 510A. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
          officers serving in general or flag officer grades.
Sec. 510B. Functional badge or insignia upon commission for chaplains.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Modification of grade level threshold for Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 512. Inclusion of STEM in courses of instruction for the Junior 
          Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 513. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve Officers' 
          Training Corps units.
Sec. 514. Clarification of eligibility to serve as Commander, Marine 
          Forces Reserve.
Sec. 515. Extension and periodic evaluation of suicide prevention and 
          resilience program for the reserve components.
Sec. 516. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
          in medical specialties in the reserve components.
Sec. 517. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
          National Guard.
Sec. 518. Consultation with Chief of the National Guard Bureau in the 
          appointment or designation of National Guard property and 
          fiscal officers.
Sec. 519. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 520. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
          officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of associated 
          active duty units.
Sec. 520A. Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large 
          scale, complex and catastrophic disasters.
Sec. 520B. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
          Corps.
Sec. 520C. Sense of Congress on increase in number of Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps units.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
          correction of military records and discharge review boards of 
          certain claims.
Sec. 522. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review 
          boards.
Sec. 523. Establishment of process to review a request for upgrade of 
          discharge or dismissal.
Sec. 524. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
          to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 525. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
          records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, intimate 
          partner violence, spousal abuse, and related matters.
Sec. 526. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 527. Correction of certain discharge characterizations.
Sec. 528. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of 
          information to determine eligibility of members and former 
          members of the Armed Forces for decorations when the service 
          records are incomplete because of damage to the official 
          record.
Sec. 529. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 530. Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist in 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 530A. Feasibility study regarding notification to Secretary of 
          Homeland Security of honorable discharges of non-citizens.
Sec. 530B. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
          judges and military magistrates in the interest of efficiency 
          in military justice.
Sec. 532. Command influence.
Sec. 533. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 534. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
          courts-martial or other records of trial of the military 
          justice system.
Sec. 535. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
          Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 536. Authority for return of personal property to victims of sexual 
          assault who file a Restricted Report before conclusion of 
          related proceedings.
Sec. 537. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
          Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 538. Notification of significant events and documentation of 
          preference for prosecution jurisdiction for victims of sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 539. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for certain 
          military criminal investigative organizations.
Sec. 540. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
          Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 540A. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
          on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault and 
          collateral offenses.
Sec. 540B. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in 
          all stages of military justice in connection with sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 540C. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540D. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-
          specific programs on reinvigoration of the prevention of 
          sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540E. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform 
          Code of Military Justice on sexual harassment.
Sec. 540F. Report on military justice system involving alternative 
          authority for determining whether to prefer or refer changes 
          for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 540G. Report on standardization among the military departments in 
          collection and presentation of information on matters within 
          the military justice system.
Sec. 540H. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy across 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540I. Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the 
          military justice system.
Sec. 540J. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
          justice system.
Sec. 540K. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on 
          sexual assault for victims of sexual assault following certain 
          victim or third-party communications.
Sec. 540L. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
          certain military dependents who are a victim or witness of an 
          offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice involving 
          abuse or exploitation.
Sec. 540M. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
          implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory 
          requirements on sexual assault prevention and response in the 
          military.
Sec. 540N. Sense of Congress on the Port Chicago 50.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Improvement of certain Special Victims' Counsel authorities.
Sec. 542. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
          installations.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
          civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Copyright protection for civilian faculty of certain 
          accredited institutions.
Sec. 545. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
          servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness or die 
          while in military service.
Sec. 546. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant to 
          the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 547. Preservation of right to bring class action under 
          Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 548. Legal counsel for victims of alleged domestic violence 
          offenses.
Sec. 549. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
          further administrative action following a determination not to 
          refer to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 550. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
          for certain purposes.
Sec. 550A. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
          installations of civilian protective orders applicable to 
          members of the Armed Forces assigned to such installations and 
          certain other individuals.
Sec. 550B. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
          Misconduct.
Sec. 550C. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
          justice matters in the States of the military installations to 
          which assigned.
Sec. 550D. Enhancing the capability of military criminal investigative 
          organizations to prevent and combat child sexual exploitation.
Sec. 550E. Feasibility study on establishment of database of military 
          protective orders.
Sec. 550F. GAO review of USERRA and SCRA.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
          Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense STARBASE 
          Program.
Sec. 553. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
          Graduate School; limitation on establishment of certain 
          educational institutions.
Sec. 554. Prohibition on off-duty employment for cadets and midshipmen 
          completing obligated service after graduation.
Sec. 555. Consideration of request for transfer of a cadet or midshipman 
          at a military service academy who is the victim of a sexual 
          assault or related offense.
Sec. 556. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air Force 
          Institute of Technology as the Director and Chancellor of such 
          Institute.
Sec. 557. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
          degree programs of the Community College of the Air Force.
Sec. 558. Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen.
Sec. 559. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 560. Information on institutions of higher education participating 
          in the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program.
Sec. 560A. Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in annual 
          financial literacy briefing.
Sec. 560B. Programs to facilitate the award of private pilot's 
          certificates.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Requirement to provide information regarding benefits claims 
          to members during TAP counseling.
Sec. 562. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge 
          apprenticeship and internship program for members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 563. First modification of elements of report on the improved 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 564. Second modification of elements of report on the improved 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 565. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
          Recruit Depots.
Sec. 566. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of the 
          Secretaries of the military departments.
Sec. 567. Review of Department of Defense training programs regarding 
          disinformation campaigns.
Sec. 568. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
          programs.
Sec. 569. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
          Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 
          214).
Sec. 570. Records of service for Reserves.
Sec. 570A. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations 
          for members of the Armed Forces who suffer from mental health 
          conditions in connection with a sex-related, intimate partner 
          violence-related, or spousal-abuse offense.
Sec. 570B. Prohibition on involuntary separation of certain members of 
          the Armed Forces; consideration of military service in removal 
          determinations.
Sec. 570C. Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on 
          preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 2648).
Sec. 570D. Counseling for members of the Armed Forces who are not 
          citizens of the United States on naturalization in the United 
          States.
Sec. 570E. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of 
          Defense and designated relatives and friends of members of the 
          Armed Forces regarding the experiences and challenges of 
          military service.
Sec. 570F. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed 
          Forces with community-based organizations and related 
          entities.
Sec. 570G. Pilot program regarding online application for the Transition 
          Assistance Program.

     Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
          more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of a 
          covered decedent to no more than two places selected by the 
          person designated to direct disposition of the remains.
Sec. 574. Military funeral honors matters.
Sec. 575. Improvement of occupational license portability for relocated 
          spouses of members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 576. Continued eligibility for education and training opportunities 
          for spouses of promoted members.
Sec. 577. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure and 
          certification costs of a spouse of a servicemember arising 
          from relocation.
Sec. 578. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
          under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program.
Sec. 579. Annual State report card.
Sec. 580. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 580A. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
          next of kin.
Sec. 580B. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
          representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 580C. Information and opportunities for registration for voting and 
          absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed Forces 
          undergoing deployment overseas.
Sec. 580D. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.
Sec. 580E. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 580F. First expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
          for military spouses.
Sec. 580G. Second expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
          for military spouses.
Sec. 580H. Report on training and support available to military spouses.
Sec. 580I. Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
          Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and replacement 
          of gold star lapel buttons.
Sec. 582. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of 
          military decorations.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. Duffy 
          for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 584. Review of World War I valor medals.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Clarification of the term ``assault'' for purposes of 
          Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
          permanent disabled retirement lists in military adaptive 
          sports programs.
Sec. 593. Questions in surveys regarding extremist activity in the 
          workplace.
Sec. 594. Study on best practices for providing financial literacy 
          education for separating members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 595. Report on oversight of authorized strengths of certain grades 
          of commissioned regular and reserve officers of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on certain waivers.
Sec. 597. Notifications on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 598. Report regarding use of aerial systems of the Department of 
          Defense to support agencies of States, Territories, and the 
          Federal Government.
Sec. 599. Information for members of the Armed Forces on availability of 
          services of the Department of Veterans Affairs relating to 
          sexual trauma.
Sec. 599A. Authority to issue an honorary promotion to Colonel Charles 
          E. McGee, United States Air Force (ret.), to the grade of 
          brigadier general.
Sec. 599B. Authority to issue an honorary and posthumous promotion to 
          Lieutenant Colonel Richard Cole, United States Air Force 
          (ret.), to the grade of colonel.
Sec. 599C. Sense of Congress on the honorable and distinguished service 
          of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States Marine Corps, to 
          the United States.

                     TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization 
          and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, injury, or illness 
          incurred while on duty in a hostile fire area or exposed to an 
          event of hostile fire or other hostile action.
Sec. 602. Continued entitlements while a member of the Armed Forces 
          participates in a career intermission program.
Sec. 603. Exemption from repayment of voluntary separation pay.
Sec. 604. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
          eligibility for retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 605. Temporary adjustment of rates of basic allowance for housing 
          following determination that local civilian housing costs 
          significantly differ from such rates.
Sec. 606. Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 607. Addition of partial dislocation allowance to allowable travel 
          and transportation expenses for servicemembers.
Sec. 608. Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while 
          entitled to an annuity supplement.
Sec. 609. Increase in basic pay.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
          authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional 
          compensation for dependents to dependents of current members.
Sec. 622. Phase-out of reduction of Survivor Benefit Plan survivor 
          annuities by amount of dependency and indemnity compensation.
Sec. 623. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
          civilian providers of child care services or youth program 
          services who provide such services to survivors of members of 
          the Armed Forces who die in combat in the line of duty.
Sec. 625. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Defense resale system matters.
Sec. 632. Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally sourced 
          products.
Sec. 633. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.

         Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges

Sec. 641. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
          privileges to Foreign Service officers on mandatory home 
          leave.
Sec. 642. Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging program.

                  Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 651. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
          retired general or flag officers by foreign governments for 
          emoluments clause purposes.
Sec. 652. Report regarding transition from overseas housing allowance to 
          basic allowance for housing for servicemembers in the 
          territories.
Sec. 653. Report on extension to members of the reserve components of 
          the Armed Forces of special and incentive pays for members of 
          the Armed Forces not currently payable to members of the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 654. Study regarding recoupment of separation pay, special 
          separation benefits, and voluntary separation incentive 
          payments from members of the Armed Forces and veterans who 
          receive disability compensation under laws administered by the 
          Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 655. Report on implementation of contributions to the Department of 
          Defense Military Retirement Fund based on pay costs per Armed 
          Force rather than on Armed Forces-wide basis.
Sec. 656. Report on food insecurity among members of the Armed Forces 
          and their dependents.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for 
          certain members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 702. TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents.
Sec. 703. Lead level screening and testing for children.
Sec. 704. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or 
          other airborne contaminants as part of periodic health 
          assessments and other physical examinations.
Sec. 705. Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by 
          members of the Armed Forces to certain occupational and 
          environmental hazards while deployed overseas.
Sec. 706. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments for 
          members of the Armed Forces deployed in support of a 
          contingency operation.
Sec. 707. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
          Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of organization of military health system.
Sec. 712. Support by military health system of medical requirements of 
          combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.
Sec. 714. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 715. Improvements to interagency program office of the Department 
          of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 716. Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed care 
          support contracts under TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 719. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military medical 
          manning end strength.
Sec. 720. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.
Sec. 721. Development of partnerships to improve combat casualty care 
          for personnel of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 722. Modification to referrals for mental health services.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Authorization of claims by members of the uniformed services 
          against the United States for personal injury or death caused 
          by medical malpractice.
Sec. 732. Extension and clarification of authority for Joint Department 
          of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 733. Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. Jackson 
          Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.
Sec. 734. Establishment of Academic Health System in National Capital 
          Region.
Sec. 735. Provision of veterinary services by veterinary professionals 
          of the Department of Defense in emergencies.
Sec. 736. Three-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA 
          Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund.
Sec. 737. Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research and 
          Materiel Command and continuation as Center of Excellence.
Sec. 738. Encouragement of participation in Women's Health Transition 
          Training pilot program.
Sec. 739. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.
Sec. 740. Pilot Program on civilian and military partnerships to enhance 
          interoperability and medical surge capability and capacity of 
          National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 741. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
          suicide prevention programs and activities of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 742. Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical study on 
          blast pressure exposure of members of the Armed Forces and 
          collection of exposure information.
Sec. 743. Study and plan on the use of military-civilian integrated 
          health delivery systems.
Sec. 744. Study on case management in the military health system.
Sec. 745. Report on Global Health Security Strategy and the National 
          Biodefense Security.
Sec. 746. Study on establishment of wounded warrior service dog program.
Sec. 747. GAO report on Department of Defense quality assurance program 
          and impacts of medical malpractice actions.
Sec. 748. Reports on Millennium Cohort Study relating to women members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 749. Study on effects of sleep deprivation on readiness of members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 750. Study and report on traumatic brain injury mitigation efforts.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 800. Authority for continuous integration and delivery of software 
          applications and upgrades to embedded systems.
Sec. 801. Pilot program on intellectual property evaluation for 
          acquisition programs.
Sec. 802. Pilot program to use alpha contracting teams for complex 
          requirements.
Sec. 803. Failure to provide other than certified cost or pricing data 
          upon request.
Sec. 804. Comptroller General report on price reasonableness.
Sec. 805. Limitation on transfer of funds related to cost overruns and 
          cost underruns.
Sec. 806. Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of source 
          selection procedures by Federal agencies.
Sec. 807. Department of Defense use of fixed-price contracts.
Sec. 808. Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges.
Sec. 809. Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire vital 
          national security capabilities.
Sec. 810. Repeal of the Defense Cost Accounting Standards Board.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 815. Modification of Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
          report.
Sec. 816. Modification of written approval requirement for task and 
          delivery order single contract awards.
Sec. 817. Responsibility for data analysis and requirements validation 
          for services contracts.
Sec. 818. Documentation of market research related to commercial item 
          determinations.
Sec. 819. Availability of data on the use of other transaction authority 
          and report on the use of authority to carry out prototype 
          projects.
Sec. 820. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 821. Modification to acquisition authority of the Commander of the 
          United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 822. Extension of Never Contract With the Enemy.
Sec. 823. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
          certain Department of Defense contracts.
Sec. 824. Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center 
          Consolidation Initiative.
Sec. 825. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.
Sec. 826. Uniformity in application of micro-purchase threshold to 
          certain task or delivery orders.
Sec. 827. Requirement for cost estimates on models of commercial e-
          commerce portal program.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 830. Modification of requirements for reporting to Congress on 
          certain acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Pilot program to streamline decision-making processes for 
          weapon systems.
Sec. 832. Analysis of alternatives pursuant to materiel development 
          decisions.
Sec. 833. Naval vessel certification required before Milestone B 
          approval.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

Sec. 835. Extramural acquisition innovation and research activities.
Sec. 836. Report on realignment of the defense acquisition system to 
          implement acquisition reforms.
Sec. 837. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating to 
          the ``middle tier'' of acquisition programs.
Sec. 838. Report on intellectual property policy and the cadre of 
          intellectual property experts.
Sec. 839. Guidance and reports relating to covered defense business 
          systems.
Sec. 840. Implementation guidance for use of a modular open system 
          approach.
Sec. 841. Limitation on availability of funds for the Office of the 
          Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 845. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
          industrial base.
Sec. 846. Report requirements for the national technology and industrial 
          base.
Sec. 847. Mitigating risks related to foreign ownership, control, or 
          influence of Department of Defense contractors or 
          subcontractors.
Sec. 848. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
          unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 849. Modification of prohibition on acquisition of sensitive 
          materials from non-allied foreign nations.
Sec. 850. Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials.
Sec. 851. Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced 
          capabilities with partnership intermediaries.
Sec. 852. Authorized official to carry out the procurement technical 
          assistance cooperative agreement program.
Sec. 853. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
          the national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 854. Addition of domestically produced stainless steel flatware and 
          dinnerware to the Berry Amendment.
Sec. 855. Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and 
          programs to the Columbia-class submarine program.
Sec. 856. Application of limitation on procurement of goods other than 
          United States goods to the FFG-Frigate Program.
Sec. 857. Sense of Congress regarding consideration of price in 
          procurement of the FFG(X) frigate.

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 860. Establishment of Defense Civilian Training Corps.
Sec. 861. Defense acquisition workforce certification, education, and 
          career fields.
Sec. 862. Software development and software acquisition training and 
          management programs.
Sec. 863. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of Defense 
          employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 864. Incentives and consideration for qualified training programs.
Sec. 865. Use of qualified apprentices by military construction 
          contractors.

                   Subtitle G--Small Business Matters

Sec. 870. Requirements relating to credit for certain small business 
          concern subcontractors.
Sec. 871. Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report on 
          small business goals.
Sec. 872. Reauthorization and improvement of Department of Defense 
          Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 873. Accelerated payments applicable to contracts with certain 
          small business concerns under the Prompt Payment Act.
Sec. 874. Postaward explanations for unsuccessful offerors for certain 
          contracts.
Sec. 875. Small business contracting credit for subcontractors that are 
          Puerto Rico businesses or covered territory businesses.
Sec. 876. Technical amendment regarding treatment of certain surviving 
          spouses under the definition of small business concern owned 
          and controlled by service-disabled veterans.
Sec. 877. Extension of loan assistance and deferral eligibility to 
          reservists and members of the National Guard beyond periods of 
          military conflict.
Sec. 878. Modification to the Defense Research and Development Rapid 
          Innovation Program.
Sec. 879. Alignment of the Department of Defense Small Business 
          Innovation Research Program and Small Business Technology 
          Transfer Program with the National Defense Science and 
          Technology Strategy.
Sec. 880. Assistance for small business concerns participating in the 
          SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 881. Cybersecurity technical assistance for SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 882. Funding for defense research activities of small business 
          concerns.
Sec. 883. Modifications to budget display requirements for the 
          Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research 
          Program and Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 884. Pilot program for domestic investment under the SBIR program.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 885. Review of guidance to contractors on nondiscrimination on the 
          basis of sex.
Sec. 886. Comptroller General report on contractor violations of certain 
          labor laws.
Sec. 887. Comptroller General report on contingency contracting.
Sec. 888. Policies and procedures for contractors to report gross 
          violations of internationally recognized human rights.
Sec. 889. Comptroller General report on oversight of contractors 
          providing private security functions.
Sec. 890. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
          operations with the Maduro regime.
Sec. 891. Report on the Combating Trafficking in Persons initiative.
Sec. 892. Improved management of information technology and cyberspace 
          investments.
Sec. 893. Modification to requirements for purchase of commercial 
          leasing services pursuant to multiple award contracts.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Headquarters activities of the Department of Defense matters.
Sec. 902. Clarifying the roles and responsibilities of the Under 
          Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
          Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
Sec. 903. Return to Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
          Defense of responsibility for business systems and related 
          matters.
Sec. 904. Assessments of responsibilities and authorities of the Chief 
          Management Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 905. Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy and Deputy Principal 
          Cyber Advisor.
Sec. 906. Exclusion from limitations on personnel in the Office of the 
          Secretary of Defense and Department of Defense headquarters of 
          fellows appointed under the John S. McCain Defense Fellows 
          Program.

 Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 911. Codification of Assistant Secretaries for Energy, 
          Installations, and Environment of the Army, Navy, and Air 
          Force.

  Subtitle C--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 921. Prohibition on ownership or trading of stocks in certain 
          companies by certain officials of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 922. Limitation on consolidation of Defense Media Activity.
Sec. 923. Report on resources to implement the civilian casualty policy 
          of the Department of Defense.

                  Subtitle D--United States Space Force

Sec. 951. Short title.
Sec. 952. The Space Force.
Sec. 953. Chief of Space Operations.
Sec. 954. Space Force Acquisition Council.
Sec. 955. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space Policy.
Sec. 956. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Space Acquisition and 
          Integration.
Sec. 957. Service Acquisition Executive of the Department of the Air 
          Force for Space Systems and Programs.
Sec. 958. Conforming amendments and clarification of authorities.
Sec. 959. Effects on military installations.
Sec. 960. Availability of funds.
Sec. 961. Implementation.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Defense Business Audit Remediation Plan.
Sec. 1003. Financial improvement and audit remediation plan.
Sec. 1004. Reporting requirements relating to Department of Defense 
          audits.
Sec. 1005. Inclusion of certain military construction projects in annual 
          reports on unfunded priorities of the Armed Forces and the 
          combatant commands.
Sec. 1006. Prohibition on delegation of responsibility for submittal to 
          Congress of Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munitions 
          Requirements and Out-Year Inventory numbers.
Sec. 1007. Annual budget justification display for service-common and 
          other support and enabling capabilities for special operations 
          forces.
Sec. 1008. Element in annual reports on the Financial Improvement and 
          Audit Remediation Plan on activities with respect to 
          classified programs.
Sec. 1009. Plan of the Department of Defense for financial management 
          information.
Sec. 1010. Update of authorities and renaming of Department of Defense 
          Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.
Sec. 1011. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department 
          of Defense audit.
Sec. 1012. Modification of required elements of annual reports on 
          emergency and extraordinary expenses of the Department of 
          Defense.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1021. Modification of authority to support a unified counterdrug 
          and counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1022. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
          support to law enforcement agencies conducting counter-
          terrorism activities.
Sec. 1023. Sense of Congress regarding Department of Defense counterdrug 
          activities in the transit zone and Caribbean basin.
Sec. 1024. Assessment of impact of any planned or proposed border wall 
          on volume of illegal narcotics.

                        Subtitle C--Naval Vessels

Sec. 1031. Modification of authority to purchase vessels using funds in 
          National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1032. Use of National Defense Sealift Fund for procurement of two 
          used vessels.
Sec. 1033. Transportation by sea of supplies for the Armed Forces and 
          Defense Agencies.
Sec. 1034. Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class.
Sec. 1035. Permanent authority for sustaining operational readiness of 
          littoral combat ships on extended deployment.
Sec. 1036. Formal training for shipboard system programs of record.
Sec. 1037. Report on shipbuilder training and the defense industrial 
          base.
Sec. 1038. Use of competitive procedures for CVN-80 and CVN-81 dual 
          aircraft carrier contract.
Sec. 1039. Report on expanding naval vessel maintenance.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1041. Modification of support of special operations to combat 
          terrorism.
Sec. 1042. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1043. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1044. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
          modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
          transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba.
Sec. 1045. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
          relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1046. Chief Medical Officer at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1047. Independent assessment on gender and countering violent 
          extremism.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Scheduling of Department of Defense executive aircraft 
          controlled by Secretaries of military departments.
Sec. 1052. Explosive ordnance defense disposal program.
Sec. 1053. Technical correction and extension of reporting requirement 
          regarding enhancement of information sharing and coordination 
          of military training between Department of Homeland Security 
          and Department of Defense.
Sec. 1054. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1055. Revision to authorities relating to mail service for members 
          of the Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilians 
          overseas.
Sec. 1056. Access to and use of military post offices by United States 
          citizens employed overseas by the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization who perform functions in support of military 
          operations of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1057. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense intelligence 
          and counterintelligence activities.
Sec. 1058. Limitation on use of funds for the inactivation of Army 
          watercraft units.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1101. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency personnel 
          management authority.
Sec. 1102. Report on the probationary period for Department of Defense 
          employees.
Sec. 1103. Civilian personnel management.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
          official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
          premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
          civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 1107. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic industrial 
          base facilities and Major Range and Test Facilities Base.
Sec. 1108. Authority to provide additional allowances and benefits for 
          certain Defense Clandestine Service employees.
Sec. 1109. Modification of direct hire authorities for the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1110. Designating certain FEHBP and FEGLI services provided by 
          Federal employees as excepted services under the Anti-
          Deficiency Act.
Sec. 1111. Continuing supplemental dental and vision benefits and long-
          term care insurance coverage during a Government shutdown.
Sec. 1112. Limitation on transfer of Office of Personnel Management.
Sec. 1113. Assessment of Accelerated Promotion Program suspension.
Sec. 1114. Reimbursement for Federal, State, and local income taxes 
          incurred during travel, transportation, and relocation.
Sec. 1115. Clarification of limitation on expedited hiring authority for 
          post-secondary students.
Sec. 1116. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of 
          Defense employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 1117. Extension of authority for part-time reemployment.

                       Subtitle B--Fair Chance Act

Sec. 1121. Short title.
Sec. 1122. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries prior to 
          conditional offer for Federal employment.
Sec. 1123. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries by contractors 
          prior to conditional offer.
Sec. 1124. Report on employment of individuals formerly incarcerated in 
          Federal prisons.

                      Subtitle C--ATC Hiring Reform

Sec. 1131. Short title; definition.
Sec. 1132. Hiring of air traffic control specialists.
Sec. 1133. Ensuring hiring preference for applicants with experience at 
          an air traffic control facility of the National Guard.
Sec. 1134. FAA reports on air traffic controller hiring and training.
Sec. 1135. DOT Inspector General review and report.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build capacity of foreign 
          security forces.
Sec. 1202. Modification and extension of cross servicing agreements for 
          loan of personnel protection and personnel survivability 
          equipment in coalition operations.
Sec. 1203. Modifications of authorities relating to acquisition and 
          cross-servicing agreements.
Sec. 1204. Modification of quarterly report on obligation and 
          expenditure of funds for security cooperation programs and 
          activities.
Sec. 1205. Gender perspectives and participation by women in security 
          cooperation activities.
Sec. 1206. Plan to provide consistency of administration of authorities 
          relating to vetting of units of security forces of foreign 
          countries; modification of assessment, monitoring, and 
          evaluation of security cooperation programs and activities.
Sec. 1207. Extension of authority for support of special operations for 
          irregular warfare.
Sec. 1208. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
          Program and elimination of certain payments to redress injury 
          and loss.
Sec. 1209. Two-year extension of program authority for Global Security 
          Contingency Fund.
Sec. 1210. Legal institutional capacity building initiative for foreign 
          defense institutions.
Sec. 1210A. Department of Defense support for stabilization activities 
          in national security interest of the United States.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
          provide defense services to the military and security forces 
          of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority to acquire products 
          and services produced in countries along a major route of 
          supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 1213. Authority for certain payments to redress injury and loss.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of semiannual report on enhancing 
          security and stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Special Immigrant Visa program reporting requirement.
Sec. 1216. Meaningful inclusion of Afghan women in peace negotiations.
Sec. 1217. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.
Sec. 1218. Support for reconciliation activities led by the Government 
          of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1219. Modification and extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant 
          Visa Program.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority and limitation on use of funds to 
          provide assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and 
          Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
          to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to support operations and 
          activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Establishing a coordinator for detained ISIS members and 
          relevant displaced populations in Syria.
Sec. 1225. Report on lessons learned from efforts to liberate Mosul and 
          Raqqah from control of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1226. Expansion of availability of financial assets of Iran to 
          victims of terrorism.
Sec. 1227. Report on the status of deconfliction channels with Iran.
Sec. 1228. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
          support to certain organizations.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
          United States and Russia.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
          of Russia over Crimea.
Sec. 1233. Sense of Congress on updating and modernizing existing 
          agreements to avert miscalculation between the United States 
          and Russia.
Sec. 1234. United States participation in Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1235. Modifications of briefing, notification, and reporting 
          requirements relating to non-compliance by the Russian 
          Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1236. Report on treaties relating to nuclear arms control.
Sec. 1237. Reports relating to the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1238. Report on military activities of the Russian Federation and 
          the People's Republic of China in the Arctic region.
Sec. 1239. Updated strategy to counter the threat of malign influence by 
          the Russian Federation and other countries.

             Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1241. Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization.
Sec. 1242. Prohibition on the use of funds to suspend, terminate, or 
          provide notice of denunciation of the North Atlantic Treaty.
Sec. 1243. Future years plans and planning transparency for the European 
          Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1244. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
          Initiative.
Sec. 1245. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to Turkey.
Sec. 1246. Baltic defense assessment; extension and modification of 
          security assistance for Baltic countries for joint program for 
          interoperability and deterrence against aggression.
Sec. 1247. Extension of authority for and report on training for Eastern 
          European national security forces in the course of 
          multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1248. Extension and modification of NATO Special Operations 
          Headquarters.
Sec. 1249. North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Force Command.
Sec. 1250. Report on North Atlantic Treaty Organization Readiness 
          Initiative.
Sec. 1250A. Repeal of prohibition on transfer of articles on the United 
          States munitions list to the Republic of Cyprus.

         Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Modification of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1252. Expansion of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative and 
          limitation on use of funds.
Sec. 1253. Report on resourcing United States defense requirements for 
          the Indo-Pacific region and study on competitive strategies.
Sec. 1254. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
          members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are 
          deployed to South Korea.
Sec. 1255. Report on direct, indirect, and burden-sharing contributions 
          of Japan and South Korea.
Sec. 1256. Sense of Congress on security commitments to the Governments 
          of Japan and the Republic of Korea and trilateral cooperation 
          among the United States, Japan, and the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on North Korea.
Sec. 1258. Statement of policy and sense of Congress on, and strategy to 
          fulfill obligations under, Mutual Defense Treaty with the 
          Republic of the Philippines.
Sec. 1259. Report on security cooperation with the Philippine National 
          Police.
Sec. 1260. Modification of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1260A. Report on foreign military activities in Pacific Island 
          countries.
Sec. 1260B. Report on cybersecurity activities with Taiwan.
Sec. 1260C. Review and report related to the Taiwan Relations Act.
Sec. 1260D. Sense of Congress on enhancement of the United States-Taiwan 
          defense relationship.
Sec. 1260E. Chinese foreign direct investment in countries of the Arctic 
          region.
Sec. 1260F. Sense of Congress on policy toward Hong Kong.
Sec. 1260G. Sense of Congress on enhancing defense and security 
          cooperation with the Republic of Singapore.
Sec. 1260H. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1260I. Limitation on removal of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. from 
          entity list of Bureau of Industry and Security.
Sec. 1260J. Report on ZTE compliance with Superseding Settlement 
          Agreement and Superseding Order.
Sec. 1260K. Report on the lay-down of United States Marines in the Indo-
          Pacific Region.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1261. Modification to report on legal and policy frameworks for the 
          use of military force.
Sec. 1262. Independent review of sufficiency of resources available to 
          United States Southern Command and United States Africa 
          Command.
Sec. 1263. United States Central Command posture assessment and review.
Sec. 1264. Limitation on production of nuclear proliferation assessment 
          statements.
Sec. 1265. Western Hemisphere resource assessment.
Sec. 1266. Human rights in Brazil.
Sec. 1267. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.
Sec. 1268. Independent analysis of human rights situation in Honduras.
Sec. 1269. Briefing on strategy to improve the efforts of the Nigerian 
          military to prevent, mitigate, and respond to civilian harm.
Sec. 1270. Report on implications of Chinese military presence in 
          Djibouti.
Sec. 1271. Rule of construction on the permanent stationing of United 
          States Armed Forces in Somalia.
Sec. 1272. Defense and diplomatic strategy for Libya.
Sec. 1273. Prohibition on in-flight refueling to non-United States 
          aircraft that engage in hostilities in the ongoing civil war 
          in Yemen.
Sec. 1274. Report on Saudi-led coalition strikes in Yemen.
Sec. 1275. Reports on expenses incurred for in-flight refueling of Saudi 
          coalition aircraft conducting missions relating to civil war 
          in Yemen.
Sec. 1276. Report on Saudi Arabia's human rights record.
Sec. 1277. Report on intelligence community assessment relating to the 
          killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi.
Sec. 1278. United States-Israel cooperation to counter unmanned aerial 
          systems.
Sec. 1279. Extension and modification of authority for United States-
          Israel anti-tunnel cooperation activities.
Sec. 1280. Report on cost imposition strategy.
Sec. 1281. Modification of initiative to support protection of national 
          security academic researchers from undue influence and other 
          security threats.
Sec. 1282. Modification of responsibility for policy on civilian 
          casualty matters.
Sec. 1283. Report on export of certain satellites to entities with 
          certain beneficial ownership structures.
Sec. 1284. Rule of construction relating to the use of military force.
Sec. 1285. Reports and briefings on use of military force and support of 
          partner forces.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
          reduction funds.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Treatment as additional authorizations.

  Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations for Overseas Contingency 
                               Operations

Sec. 1511. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1512. Procurement.
Sec. 1513.  Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1514. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1515. Military personnel.
Sec. 1516. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1517. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1518. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1519. Defense health program.
Sec. 1520. Afghanistan security forces fund.
Sec. 1520A. Special transfer authority.

  Subtitle B--Authorization of Appropriations for Emergency Funds for 
                        Recovery and Restoration

Sec. 1521. Procurement.
Sec. 1522. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1523. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1524. Restriction on transfer of funds authorized by this subtitle.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Repeal of requirement to establish United States Space 
          Command as a subordinate unified command of the United States 
          Strategic Command.
Sec. 1602. Coordination of modernization efforts relating to military-
          code capable GPS receiver cards.
Sec. 1603. Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, 
          navigation, and timing capabilities of Global Positioning 
          System.
Sec. 1604. Annual determination on plan on full integration and 
          exploitation of overhead persistent infrared capability.
Sec. 1605. Space-based environmental monitoring mission requirements.
Sec. 1606. Resilient enterprise ground architecture.
Sec. 1607. Prototype program for multi-global navigation satellite 
          system receiver development.
Sec. 1608. Commercial space situational awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1609. Program to enhance and improve launch support and 
          infrastructure.
Sec. 1610. Preparation to implement plan for use of allied launch 
          vehicles.
Sec. 1611. Independent study on plan for deterrence in space.
Sec. 1612. Study on leveraging diverse commercial satellite remote 
          sensing capabilities.
Sec. 1613. Annual report on Space Command and Control program.
Sec. 1614. Report on space debris.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Redesignation of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 
          as Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security.
Sec. 1622. Modifications to ISR Integration Council and annual briefing 
          requirements.
Sec. 1623. Modification of annual authorization of appropriations for 
          National Flagship Language Initiative.
Sec. 1624. Improving the onboarding methodology for intelligence 
          personnel.
Sec. 1625. Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency activities on 
          facilitating access to local criminal records historical data.
Sec. 1626. Survey and report on alignment of intelligence collections 
          capabilities and activities with Department of Defense 
          requirements.
Sec. 1627. Reports on Consolidated Adjudication Facility of the Defense 
          Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 1628. Report on the expanded purview of the Defense 
          Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 1629. Termination of requirement for Department of Defense facility 
          access clearances for joint ventures composed of previously-
          cleared entities.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1631. Matters relating to military operations in the information 
          environment.
Sec. 1632. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
          operations.
Sec. 1633. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems 
          of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1634. Quarterly assessments of the readiness of Cyber Mission 
          Forces.
Sec. 1635. Cyber posture review.
Sec. 1636. Modification of elements of assessment required for 
          termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander of the 
          United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1637. Modification of cyber scholarship program.
Sec. 1638. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
          incident.
Sec. 1639. Extension of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1640. Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for cyber 
          operations-peculiar capability development projects.
Sec. 1641. Role of Chief Information Officer in improving enterprise-
          wide cybersecurity.
Sec. 1642. Notification of delegation of authorities to the Secretary of 
          Defense for military operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1643. Limitation of funding for Consolidated Afloat Networks and 
          Enterprise Services.
Sec. 1644. Annual military cyberspace operations report.
Sec. 1645. Annual report on cyber attacks and intrusions against the 
          Department of Defense by certain foreign entities.
Sec. 1646. Control and analysis of Department of Defense data stolen 
          through cyberspace.
Sec. 1647. Use of National Security Agency cybersecurity expertise to 
          support evaluation of commercial cybersecurity products.
Sec. 1648. Framework to enhance cybersecurity of the United States 
          defense industrial base.
Sec. 1649. Report on cybersecurity training programs.
Sec. 1650. National Security Presidential Memorandums relating to 
          Department of Defense operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1651. Reorientation of Big Data Platform program.
Sec. 1652. Zero-based review of Department of Defense cyber and 
          information technology personnel.
Sec. 1653. Study on improving cyber career paths in the Navy.
Sec. 1654. Accreditation standards and processes for cybersecurity and 
          information technology products and services.
Sec. 1655. Study on future cyber warfighting capabilities of Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 1656. Study to determine the optimal strategy for structuring and 
          manning elements of the Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber 
          Organizations, Joint Mission Operations Centers, and Cyber 
          Operations-Integrated Planning Elements.
Sec. 1657. Cyber governance structures and Principal Cyber Advisors on 
          military cyber force matters.
Sec. 1658. Designation of test networks for testing and accreditation of 
          cybersecurity products and services.
Sec. 1659. Consortia of universities to advise Secretary of Defense on 
          cybersecurity matters.
Sec. 1660. Joint assessment of Department of Defense cyber red team 
          capabilities, capacity, demand, and requirements.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Conforming amendment to Council on Oversight of the National 
          Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1662. Modification of authorities relating to nuclear command, 
          control, and communications system.
Sec. 1663. Briefings on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1664. Consideration of budget matters at meetings of Nuclear 
          Weapons Council.
Sec. 1665. Improvement to annual report on the modernization of the 
          nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1666. Expansion of officials required to conduct biennial 
          assessments of delivery platforms for nuclear weapons and 
          nuclear command and control system.
Sec. 1667. Extension of annual briefing on costs of forward-deploying 
          nuclear weapons in Europe.
Sec. 1668. Elimination of conventional requirement for long-range 
          standoff weapon.
Sec. 1669. Briefing on long-range standoff weapon and sea-launched 
          cruise missile.
Sec. 1670. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for mobile 
          variant of ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1671. Reports on development of ground-based strategic deterrent 
          weapon.
Sec. 1672. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
          missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1673. Independent study on policy of no-first-use of nuclear 
          weapons.
Sec. 1674. Independent study on risks of nuclear terrorism and nuclear 
          war.
Sec. 1675. Report on military-to-military dialogue to reduce risks of 
          miscalculation leading to nuclear war.
Sec. 1676. Report on nuclear forces of the United States and near-peer 
          countries.
Sec. 1677. Report on operation of conventional forces of military 
          departments under employment or threat of employment of 
          nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1678. Report on operation of conventional forces of certain 
          combatant commands under employment or threat of employment of 
          nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1679. Briefings on plan for future-systems-level architecture of 
          nuclear command, control, and communications systems.
Sec. 1680. Sense of Congress on nuclear deterrence commitments of the 
          United States.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1681. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1682. Development of space-based ballistic missile intercept layer.
Sec. 1683. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
          space sensor payload.
Sec. 1684. Modifications to required testing by Missile Defense Agency 
          of ground-based midcourse defense element of ballistic missile 
          defense system.
Sec. 1685. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-
          production.
Sec. 1686. Limitation on availability of funds for lower tier air and 
          missile defense sensor.
Sec. 1687. Plan for the redesigned kill vehicle replacement.
Sec. 1688. Organization, authorities, and billets of the Missile Defense 
          Agency.
Sec. 1689. Annual assessment of ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1690. Command and control, battle management, and communications 
          program.
Sec. 1691. Missile defense interceptor site in contiguous United States.
Sec. 1692. Independent study on impacts of missile defense development 
          and deployment.
Sec. 1693. Report and briefing on multi-volume kill capability.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1694. Extension of authorization for protection of certain 
          facilities and assets from unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1695. Repeal of requirement for commission on electromagnetic pulse 
          attacks and similar events.
Sec. 1696. Repeal of review requirement for ammonium perchlorate report.
Sec. 1697. Transferability of conventional prompt global strike weapon 
          system technologies to surface-launched platforms.
Sec. 1698. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain offensive 
          ground-launched ballistic or cruise missile systems.
Sec. 1699. Hard and deeply buried targets.

                  TITLE XVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1701. Modification of annual reporting requirements on defense 
          manpower.
Sec. 1702. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
          certain recurring reports.
Sec. 1703. Modification of annual report on civilian casualties in 
          connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1704. Extension of requirement for briefings on the national 
          biodefense strategy.
Sec. 1705. Authorization of appropriations for title III of the Defense 
          Production Act of 1950.
Sec. 1706. Report on the Department of Defense plan for mass-casualty 
          disaster response operations in the Arctic.
Sec. 1707. Transmittal to Congress of requests for assistance from other 
          departments of the Federal Government that are approved by the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1708. Report and briefing on implementation of national defense 
          strategy.
Sec. 1709. Actions to increase analytic support.
Sec. 1710. Inclusion of certain individuals investigated by Inspectors 
          General in the semiannual report.
Sec. 1711. Annual report on Joint Military Information Support 
          Operations Web Operations Center.
Sec. 1712. Mobility capability requirements study.
Sec. 1713. Assessment of special operations force structure.
Sec. 1714. Army aviation strategic plan and modernization roadmap.
Sec. 1715. Report on ground-based long-range artillery to counter land 
          and maritime threats.
Sec. 1716. Independent review of transportation working-capital fund.
Sec. 1717. Geographic command risk assessment of proposed use of certain 
          aircraft capabilities.
Sec. 1718. Report on backlog of personnel security clearance 
          adjudications.
Sec. 1719. Report regarding outstanding Government Accountability Office 
          recommendations.
Sec. 1720. Report on National Guard and United States Northern Command 
          capacity to meet homeland defense and security incidents.
Sec. 1721. Assessment of standards, processes, procedures, and policy 
          relating to civilian casualties.
Sec. 1722. Report on transfers of equipment to prohibited entities.
Sec. 1723. Annual report on strikes undertaken by the United States 
          against terrorist targets outside areas of active hostilities.
Sec. 1724. Review and assessment of mitigation of military helicopter 
          noise.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1731. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1732. Establishment of lead Inspector General for an overseas 
          contingency operation based on Secretary of Defense 
          notification.
Sec. 1733. Clarification of authority of Inspectors General for overseas 
          contingency operations.
Sec. 1734. Employment status of annuitants for Inspectors General for 
          overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1735. Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial 
          Intelligence.
Sec. 1736. Exemption from calculation of monthly income, for purposes of 
          bankruptcy laws, of certain payments from the Department of 
          Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1737. Extension of postage stamp for breast cancer research.
Sec. 1738. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1739. Guarantee of residency for spouses of members of the 
          uniformed services.
Sec. 1740. Electromagnetic pulses and geomagnetic disturbances.
Sec. 1741. Improvements to Manufacturing USA Program.
Sec. 1742. Regional innovation program.
Sec. 1743. Aviation workforce development.
Sec. 1744. Oversight of Department of Defense execute orders.
Sec. 1745. Processes and procedures for notifications regarding special 
          operations forces.
Sec. 1746. Securing American science and technology.
Sec. 1747. Standardized policy guidance for calculating aircraft 
          operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 1748. Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 1749. Prohibition on names related to the Confederacy.
Sec. 1750. Support for National Maritime Heritage Grants program.
Sec. 1751. Support for world language advancement and readiness.
Sec. 1752. Designation of Department of Defense strategic Arctic ports.
Sec. 1753. Independent studies regarding potential cost savings with 
          respect to the nuclear security enterprise and force structure 
          .
Sec. 1754. Comprehensive Department of Defense policy on collective 
          self-defense.
Sec. 1755. Policy regarding the transition of data and applications to 
          the cloud.
Sec. 1756. Integrated public alert and warning system.
Sec. 1757. Improving quality of information in background investigation 
          request packages.
Sec. 1758. Parole in place for members of the Armed Forces and certain 
          military dependents.
Sec. 1759. Report on reducing the backlog in legally required historical 
          declassification obligations of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1760. Military type certification for light attack experimentation 
          aircraft.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2019 projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2017 project.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authorities to carry out phased Joint 
          Intelligence Analysis Complex consolidation.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2016 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2017 project.
Sec. 2308. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2018 projects.
Sec. 2309. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2019 projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
          Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense base 
          closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
          closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

                Subtitle A--Military Construction Program

Sec. 2801. Military installation resilience plans and projects.
Sec. 2802. Improved consultation with tribal governments when proposed 
          military construction projects potentially impact Indian 
          tribes.
Sec. 2803. Increased authority for use of certain appropriations amounts 
          for restoration or replacement of damaged or destroyed 
          facilities.
Sec. 2804. Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to promote military 
          installation resilience, energy resilience, energy and climate 
          resiliency, and cyber resilience.
Sec. 2805. Modification to Department of Defense Form 1391 regarding 
          consideration of potential long-term adverse environmental 
          effects.
Sec. 2806. Improved flood risk disclosure for military construction.
Sec. 2807. Prioritization of projects in annual report on unfunded 
          requirements for laboratory military construction projects.
Sec. 2808. Technical corrections and improvements to defense access road 
          resilience.
Sec. 2809. Military construction projects for child development centers 
          at military installations.
Sec. 2810. Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency or 
          demolish protected aircraft shelters in the European theater 
          without creating a similar protection from attack.
Sec. 2811. Prohibition on use of funds to close or return certain bases 
          to the host nation.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Improved energy security for main operating bases in Europe.
Sec. 2822. Access to Department of Defense installations for 
          credentialed transportation workers.
Sec. 2823. Improved recording and maintaining of Department of Defense 
          real property data.

                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Hill Air Force Base, Ogden, Utah.
Sec. 2832. Release of interests retained in Camp Joseph T. Robinson, 
          Arkansas, for use of such land as a veterans cemetery.
Sec. 2833. Modification of authorized uses of certain property conveyed 
          by the United States in Los Angeles, California.
Sec. 2834. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over certain parcels 
          of Federal land in Arlington, Virginia.

                  Subtitle D--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Public notice regarding upcoming periods of Secretary of the 
          Navy management of Shared Use Area of the Johnson Valley Off-
          Highway Vehicle Recreation Area.

   Subtitle E--White Sands National Park and White Sands Missile Range

Sec. 2851. White Sands Missile Range Land Enhancements.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Installation and maintenance of fire extinguishers in 
          Department of Defense facilities.
Sec. 2862. Definition of community infrastructure for purposes of 
          military base reuse studies and community planning assistance.
Sec. 2863. Temporary authority for acceptance and use of contributions 
          for certain design and construction projects mutually 
          beneficial to the Department of Defense and the Republic of 
          Korea.
Sec. 2864. Black start exercises at military installations.
Sec. 2865. Pilot program to extend service life of roads and runways 
          under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 2866. Restrictions on rehabilitation of Over-the-Horizon 
          Backscatter Radar System receiving station, Modoc County, 
          California.
Sec. 2867. Designation of Sumpter Smith Joint National Guard Base.
Sec. 2868. Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians land affirmation.
Sec. 2869. Lands to be taken into trust as part of the reservation of 
          the Lytton Rancheria.
Sec. 2870. Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana.
Sec. 2871. Sense of Congress on restoration of Tyndall Air Force Base.

 TITLE XXIX--AUTHORIZATION OF OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY 
            CONSTRUCTION AND EMERGENCY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

    Subtitle A--Overseas Contingency Operations Military Construction

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.

               Subtitle B--Emergency Military Construction

Sec. 2911. Authorization of emergency Navy construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2912. Authorization of emergency Air Force construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2913. Authorization of emergency Army National Guard construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2914. Authorization of emergency Defense Agencies construction and 
          land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2915. Authorization of emergency supplemental appropriations for 
          military construction projects.

            TITLE XXX--MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION REFORM

Sec. 3001. Definitions.

              Subtitle A--Addition of New Reform Subchapter

Sec. 3011. Improved accountability and oversight of privatized military 
          housing and protections and responsibilities for tenants of 
          privatized military housing.
Sec. 3012. Designation of Chief Housing Officer for privatized military 
          housing.
Sec. 3013. Additional requirements relating to contracts for privatized 
          military housing.
Sec. 3014. Additional requirements relating to management of privatized 
          military housing.
Sec. 3015. Consideration of contractor history in contracts for 
          privatized military housing.
Sec. 3016. Additional improvements for management of privatized military 
          housing.
Sec. 3017. Maintenance work order system for privatized military 
          housing.
Sec. 3018. Access by tenants of privatized military housing to 
          maintenance work order system.
Sec. 3019. Access by tenants to historical maintenance information for 
          privatized military housing.
Sec. 3020. Prohibition on requirement to disclose personally 
          identifiable information in certain requests for maintenance 
          of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3021. Treatment of incentive fees for landlords of privatized 
          military housing for failure to remedy a health or 
          environmental hazard.
Sec. 3022. Dispute resolution process for landlord-tenant disputes 
          regarding privatized military housing and requests to withhold 
          payments during dispute resolution process.
Sec. 3023. Investigation of reports of reprisals relating to privatized 
          military housing and congressional notification.
Sec. 3024. Prohibition on use of nondisclosure agreements in connection 
          with leases of privatized military housing.

                 Subtitle B--Other Amendatory Provisions

Sec. 3031. Installation of carbon monoxide detectors in military family 
          housing.
Sec. 3032. Authority to furnish certain services in connection with use 
          of alternative authority for acquisition and improvement of 
          military housing.
Sec. 3033. Treatment of breach of contract for privatized military 
          housing.
Sec. 3034. Modification to requirements for window fall prevention 
          devices in military family housing units.
Sec. 3035. Expansion of direct hire authority for Department of Defense 
          for childcare services providers for Department child 
          development centers to include direct hire authority for 
          installation military housing office personnel.
Sec. 3036. Modification of authority to make payments to lessors of 
          privatized military housing.
Sec. 3037. Technical correction to definition used to make payments to 
          lessors of privatized military housing.

               Subtitle C--One-Time Reporting Requirements

Sec. 3041. Report on civilian personnel shortages for appropriate 
          oversight of management of military housing constructed or 
          acquired using alternative authority for acquisition and 
          improvement of military housing.
Sec. 3042. Plans for creation of councils on privatized military 
          housing.
Sec. 3043. Plan for establishment of Department of Defense jurisdiction 
          over off-base privatized military housing.
Sec. 3044. Inspector General review of Department of Defense oversight 
          of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3045. Information on legal services provided to members of the 
          Armed Forces harmed by health or environmental hazards at 
          military housing.

    Subtitle D--Development of Housing Reform Standards and Processes

Sec. 3051. Uniform code of basic standards for privatized military 
          housing and plan to conduct inspections and assessments.
Sec. 3052. Tool for assessment of hazards in Department of Defense 
          housing.
Sec. 3053. Process to identify and address environmental health hazards 
          in Department of Defense housing.
Sec. 3054. Department of Defense policy on lead-based paint testing on 
          military installations.
Sec. 3055. Standard for minimum credentials for health and environmental 
          inspectors of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3056. Requirements relating to move-in, move-out, and maintenance 
          of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3057. Standardized documentation, templates, and forms for 
          privatized military housing.
Sec. 3058. Satisfaction survey for tenants of military housing.

                Subtitle E--Other Housing Reform Matters

Sec. 3061. Radon testing of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3062. Mitigation of risks posed by certain items in military family 
          housing units.
Sec. 3063. Suspension of Resident Energy Conservation Program and 
          related programs for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3064. Department of the Army pilot program to build and monitor use 
          of single family homes.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Personnel matters at National Nuclear Security 
          Administration.
Sec. 3112. Estimation of costs of meeting defense environmental cleanup 
          milestones required by consent orders.
Sec. 3113. Office of Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation.
Sec. 3114. Clarification of certain Stockpile Responsiveness Program 
          objectives.
Sec. 3115. Elimination of limitation on availability of funds relating 
          to submission of annual reports on unfunded priorities.
Sec. 3116. Modification to certain requirements relating to plutonium 
          pit production capacity.
Sec. 3117. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot 
          Plant.
Sec. 3118. Extension and modification of pilot program on unavailability 
          for overhead costs of amounts specified for laboratory-
          directed research and development.
Sec. 3119. Modification to limitation on availability of funds for 
          acceleration of nuclear weapons dismantlement.
Sec. 3120. Implementation of common financial reporting system for 
          nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 3121. Limitation relating to reclassification of high-level waste.
Sec. 3122. National Laboratory Jobs ACCESS Program.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 3131. Civil penalties for violations of certain whistleblower 
          protections.
Sec. 3132. Repeal of assessments of adequacy of budget requests relating 
          to nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 3133. Repeal of requirement for review relating to enhanced 
          procurement authority.
Sec. 3134. Improvements to Energy Employees Occupational Illness 
          Compensation Program Act of 2000.
Sec. 3135. Replacement of W78 warhead.
Sec. 3136. Independent review of capabilities for detection, 
          verification, and monitoring of nuclear weapons and fissile 
          material.
Sec. 3137. Assessment of high energy density physics.
Sec. 3138. Determination of effect of treaty obligations with respect to 
          producing tritium.
Sec. 3139. Technical corrections to National Nuclear Security 
          Administration Act and Atomic Energy Defense Act.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvements to Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.
Sec. 3203. Membership of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                   Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Reauthorization of Maritime Security Program.
Sec. 3503. Maritime technical assistance program.
Sec. 3504. Appointment of candidates attending sponsored preparatory 
          school.
Sec. 3505. General support program.
Sec. 3506. Improvements to the maritime guaranteed loan program.
Sec. 3507. Requirement for small shipyard grantees.
Sec. 3508. Salvage recoveries of cargoes.
Sec. 3509. Salvage recoveries for subrogated ownership of vessels and 
          cargoes.
Sec. 3510. Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee.
Sec. 3511. Military to mariner.
Sec. 3512. Department of Transportation Inspector General Report.
Sec. 3513. Independent study on the United States Merchant Marine 
          Academy.
Sec. 3514. Port operations, research, and technology.
Sec. 3515. Assessment and report on strategic seaports.
Sec. 3516. Technical corrections.
Sec. 3517. United States Merchant Marine Academy sexual assault 
          prevention and response program.
Sec. 3518. Report on vessels for emerging offshore energy 
          infrastructure.
Sec. 3519. Report on United States flagged fuel tanker vessel capacity.

                    Subtitle B--Cable Security Fleet

Sec. 3521. Establishment of Cable Security Fleet.

                      Subtitle C--Maritime SAFE Act

Sec. 3531. Short titles.
Sec. 3532. Definitions.
Sec. 3533. Purposes.
Sec. 3534. Statement of policy.

  Part I--Programs to Combat IUU Fishing and Increase Maritime Security

Sec. 3541. Coordination with international organizations.
Sec. 3542. Engagement of diplomatic missions of the United States.
Sec. 3543. Assistance by Federal agencies to improve law enforcement 
          within priority regions and priority flag states.
Sec. 3544. Expansion of existing mechanisms to combat IUU fishing.
Sec. 3545. Improvement of transparency and traceability programs.
Sec. 3546. Technology programs.
Sec. 3547. Savings clause.

   Part II--Establishment of Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing

Sec. 3551. Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing.
Sec. 3552. Strategic plan.
Sec. 3553. Reports.
Sec. 3554. Gulf of Mexico IUU Fishing Subworking Group.

 Part III--Combating Human Trafficking in Connection With the Catching 
                   and Processing of Seafood Products

Sec. 3561. Finding.
Sec. 3562. Adding the Secretary of Commerce to the Interagency Task 
          Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking.
Sec. 3563. Human trafficking in the seafood supply chain report.

                Part IV--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 3571. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3572. Accounting of funds.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4103. Procurement for emergency requirements.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations.
Sec. 4203. Research, development, test, and evaluation for emergency 
          requirements.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance for emergency requirements.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4603. Military construction for emergency requirements.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

DIVISION E--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEARS 2018, 2019, AND 
                                  2020

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Subdivisions and table of contents.
Sec. 5003. Definitions.

     Subdivision 1--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Year 2020

Sec. 5100. Table of contents.

                    TITLE LI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 5102. Classified schedule of authorizations.
Sec. 5103. Intelligence community management account.

 TITLE LII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 5201. Authorization of appropriations.

               TITLE LIII--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

Sec. 5301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 5302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
          law.
Sec. 5303. Expansion of scope of protections for identities of covert 
          agents.
Sec. 5304. Required counterintelligence assessments, briefings, 
          notifications, and reports.
Sec. 5305. Inclusion of security risks in program management plans 
          required for acquisition of major systems in National 
          Intelligence Program.
Sec. 5306. Intelligence community public-private talent exchange.
Sec. 5307. Assessment of contracting practices to identify certain 
          security and counterintelligence concerns.

       Subtitle B--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 5321. Establishment of Climate Security Advisory Council.
Sec. 5322. Foreign Malign Influence Response Center.
Sec. 5323. Encouragement of cooperative actions to detect and counter 
          foreign influence operations.
Sec. 5324. Transfer of National Intelligence University to the Office of 
          the Director of National Intelligence.

       Subtitle C--Inspector General of the Intelligence Community

Sec. 5331. Definitions.
Sec. 5332. Inspector General external review panel.
Sec. 5333. Harmonization of whistleblower processes and procedures.
Sec. 5334. Oversight by Inspector General of the Intelligence Community 
          over intelligence community whistleblower matters.
Sec. 5335. Report on cleared whistleblower attorneys.

                 Subtitle D--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 5341. Clarification of certain authority of the Central 
          Intelligence Agency.

                     TITLE LIV--SECURITY CLEARANCES

Sec. 5401. Improving visibility into the security clearance process.
Sec. 5402. Making certain policies and execution plans relating to 
          personnel clearances available to industry partners.

             TITLE LV--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES

                 Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 5501. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the 
          United States by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 5502. Assessment of legitimate and illegitimate financial and other 
          assets of Vladimir Putin.
Sec. 5503. Assessments of intentions of political leadership of the 
          Russian Federation.

                  Subtitle B--Matters Relating to China

Sec. 5511. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the 
          United States by the Communist Party of China.
Sec. 5512. Report on repression of ethnic Muslim minorities in the 
          Xinjiang region of the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 5513. Report on efforts by People's Republic of China to influence 
          election in Taiwan.

             Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Other Countries

Sec. 5521. Sense of Congress and report on Iranian efforts in Syria and 
          Lebanon.
Sec. 5522. Assessments regarding the Northern Triangle and Mexico.

          TITLE LVI--FEDERAL EFFORTS AGAINST DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Sec. 5601. Definitions.
Sec. 5602. Strategic intelligence assessment of and reports on domestic 
          terrorism.

                  TITLE LVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

                    Subtitle A--Reports and Briefings

Sec. 5701.  Modification of requirements for submission to Congress of 
          certain reports.
Sec. 5702. Increased transparency regarding counterterrorism budget of 
          the United States.
Sec. 5703. Study on role of retired and former personnel of intelligence 
          community with respect to certain foreign intelligence 
          operations.
Sec. 5704. Collection, analysis, and dissemination of workforce data.
Sec. 5705. Plan for strengthening the supply chain intelligence 
          function.
Sec. 5706. Comprehensive economic assessment of investment in key United 
          States technologies by companies or organizations linked to 
          China.
Sec. 5707. Report by Director of National Intelligence on fifth-
          generation wireless network technology.
Sec. 5708. Report on use by intelligence community of facial recognition 
          technology.
Sec. 5709. Report on deepfake technology, foreign weaponization of 
          deepfakes, and related notifications.
Sec. 5710. Annual report by Comptroller General of the United States on 
          cybersecurity and surveillance threats to Congress.
Sec. 5711. Analysis of and periodic briefings on major initiatives of 
          intelligence community in artificial intelligence and machine 
          learning.
Sec. 5712. Report on best practices to protect privacy and civil 
          liberties of Chinese Americans.
Sec. 5713. Oversight of foreign influence in academia.
Sec. 5714. Report on death of Jamal Khashoggi.
Sec. 5715. Report on terrorist screening database.
Sec. 5716. Report containing threat assessment on terrorist use of 
          conventional and advanced conventional weapons.
Sec. 5717. Assessment of homeland security vulnerabilities associated 
          with certain retired and former personnel of the intelligence 
          community.
Sec. 5718. Study on feasibility and advisability of establishing 
          Geospatial-Intelligence Museum and learning center.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 5721. Whistleblower disclosures to Congress and committees of 
          Congress.
Sec. 5722. Task force on illicit financing of espionage and foreign 
          influence operations.
Sec. 5723. Establishment of fifth-generation technology prize 
          competition.
Sec. 5724. Establishment of deepfakes prize competition.
Sec. 5725. Identification of and countermeasures against certain 
          International Mobile Subscriber Identity-catchers.
Sec. 5726. Securing energy infrastructure.

  Subdivision 2--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Years 2018 and 
                                  2019

Sec. 6100. Table of contents.

                   TITLE LXI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 6101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6102. Intelligence Community Management Account.

TITLE LXII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 6201. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6202. Computation of annuities for employees of the Central 
          Intelligence Agency.

           TITLE LXIII--GENERAL INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

Sec. 6301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 6302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
          law.
Sec. 6303. Modification of special pay authority for science, 
          technology, engineering, or mathematics positions and addition 
          of special pay authority for cyber positions.
Sec. 6304. Modification of appointment of Chief Information Officer of 
          the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 6305. Director of National Intelligence review of placement of 
          positions within the intelligence community on the Executive 
          Schedule.
Sec. 6306. Supply Chain and Counterintelligence Risk Management Task 
          Force.
Sec. 6307. Consideration of adversarial telecommunications and 
          cybersecurity infrastructure when sharing intelligence with 
          foreign governments and entities.
Sec. 6308. Cyber protection support for the personnel of the 
          intelligence community in positions highly vulnerable to cyber 
          attack.
Sec. 6309. Elimination of sunset of authority relating to management of 
          supply-chain risk.
Sec. 6310. Limitations on determinations regarding certain security 
          classifications.
Sec. 6311. Joint Intelligence Community Council.
Sec. 6312. Intelligence community information technology environment.
Sec. 6313. Report on development of secure mobile voice solution for 
          intelligence community.
Sec. 6314. Policy on minimum insider threat standards.
Sec. 6315. Submission of intelligence community policies.
Sec. 6316. Expansion of intelligence community recruitment efforts.

 TITLE LXIV--MATTERS RELATING TO ELEMENTS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY

       Subtitle A--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 6401. Authority for protection of current and former employees of 
          the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
Sec. 6402. Designation of the program manager-information-sharing 
          environment.
Sec. 6403. Technical modification to the executive schedule.
Sec. 6404. Chief Financial Officer of the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 6405. Chief Information Officer of the Intelligence Community.

                 Subtitle B--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 6411. Central Intelligence Agency subsistence for personnel 
          assigned to austere locations.
Sec. 6412. Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
          payments and other payments for Central Intelligence Agency 
          personnel.
Sec. 6413. Expansion of security protective service jurisdiction of the 
          Central Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 6414. Repeal of foreign language proficiency requirement for 
          certain senior level positions in the Central Intelligence 
          Agency.

Subtitle C--Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of Department 
                                of Energy

Sec. 6421. Consolidation of Department of Energy Offices of Intelligence 
          and Counterintelligence.
Sec. 6422. Repeal of Department of Energy Intelligence Executive 
          Committee and budget reporting requirement.

                       Subtitle D--Other Elements

Sec. 6431. Plan for designation of counterintelligence component of 
          Defense Security Service as an element of intelligence 
          community.
Sec. 6432. Notice not required for private entities.
Sec. 6433. Establishment of advisory board for National Reconnaissance 
          Office.
Sec. 6434. Collocation of certain Department of Homeland Security 
          personnel at field locations.

                       TITLE LXV--ELECTION MATTERS

Sec. 6501. Report on cyber attacks by foreign governments against United 
          States election infrastructure.
Sec. 6502. Review of intelligence community's posture to collect against 
          and analyze Russian efforts to influence the Presidential 
          election.
Sec. 6503. Assessment of foreign intelligence threats to Federal 
          elections.
Sec. 6504. Strategy for countering Russian cyber threats to United 
          States elections.
Sec. 6505. Assessment of significant Russian influence campaigns 
          directed at foreign elections and referenda.
Sec. 6506. Information sharing with State election officials.
Sec. 6507. Notification of significant foreign cyber intrusions and 
          active measures campaigns directed at elections for Federal 
          offices.
Sec. 6508. Designation of counterintelligence officer to lead election 
          security matters.

                     TITLE LXVI--SECURITY CLEARANCES

Sec. 6601. Definitions.
Sec. 6602. Reports and plans relating to security clearances and 
          background investigations.
Sec. 6603. Improving the process for security clearances.
Sec. 6604. Goals for promptness of determinations regarding security 
          clearances.
Sec. 6605. Security Executive Agent.
Sec. 6606. Report on unified, simplified, Governmentwide standards for 
          positions of trust and security clearances.
Sec. 6607. Report on clearance in person concept.
Sec. 6608. Reports on reciprocity for security clearances inside of 
          departments and agencies.
Sec. 6609. Intelligence community reports on security clearances.
Sec. 6610. Periodic report on positions in the intelligence community 
          that can be conducted without access to classified 
          information, networks, or facilities.
Sec. 6611. Information-sharing program for positions of trust and 
          security clearances.
Sec. 6612. Report on protections for confidentiality of whistleblower-
          related communications.
Sec. 6613. Reports on costs of security clearance background 
          investigations.

                 TITLE LXVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

     Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Russia and Other Foreign Powers

Sec. 6701. Limitation relating to establishment or support of 
          cybersecurity unit with the Russian Federation.
Sec. 6702. Assessment of threat finance relating to Russia.
Sec. 6703. Notification of an active measures campaign.
Sec. 6704. Notification of travel by accredited diplomatic and consular 
          personnel of the Russian Federation in the United States.
Sec. 6705. Report and annual briefing on Iranian expenditures supporting 
          foreign military and terrorist activities.
Sec. 6706. Expansion of scope of committee to counter active measures.

                           Subtitle B--Reports

Sec. 6711. Technical correction to Inspector General study.
Sec. 6712. Reports on authorities of the Chief Intelligence Officer of 
          the Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 6713. Review of intelligence community whistleblower matters.
Sec. 6714. Report on role of Director of National Intelligence with 
          respect to certain foreign investments.
Sec. 6715. Report on surveillance by foreign governments against United 
          States telecommunications networks.
Sec. 6716. Biennial report on foreign investment risks.
Sec. 6717. Modification of certain reporting requirement on travel of 
          foreign diplomats.
Sec. 6718. Semiannual reports on investigations of unauthorized 
          disclosures of classified information.
Sec. 6719. Congressional notification of designation of covered 
          intelligence officer as persona non grata.
Sec. 6720. Reports on intelligence community participation in 
          vulnerabilities equities process of Federal Government.
Sec. 6721. Inspectors General reports on classification.
Sec. 6722. Reports and briefings on national security effects of global 
          water insecurity and emerging infectious disease and 
          pandemics.
Sec. 6723. Annual report on memoranda of understanding between elements 
          of intelligence community and other entities of the United 
          States Government regarding significant operational activities 
          or policy.
Sec. 6724. Study on the feasibility of encrypting unclassified wireline 
          and wireless telephone calls.
Sec. 6725. Reports on intelligence community loan repayment and related 
          programs.
Sec. 6726. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 6727. Inspector General of the Intelligence Community report on 
          senior executives of the Office of the Director of National 
          Intelligence.
Sec. 6728. Briefing on Federal Bureau of Investigation offering 
          permanent residence to sources and cooperators.
Sec. 6729. Intelligence assessment of North Korea revenue sources.
Sec. 6730. Report on possible exploitation of virtual currencies by 
          terrorist actors.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 6741. Public Interest Declassification Board.
Sec. 6742. Technical and clerical amendments to the National Security 
          Act of 1947.
Sec. 6743. Bug bounty programs.
Sec. 6744. Technical amendments related to the Department of Energy.
Sec. 6745. Sense of Congress on notification of certain disclosures of 
          classified information.
Sec. 6746. Sense of Congress on consideration of espionage activities 
          when considering whether or not to provide visas to foreign 
          individuals to be accredited to a United Nations mission in 
          the United States.
Sec. 6747. Sense of Congress on WikiLeaks.

                        DIVISION F--OTHER MATTERS

            TITLE LXXI--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO NORTH KOREA

Sec. 7101. Short title.

            Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to North Korea

Sec. 7111. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7112. Definitions.

           Part I--Expansion of Sanctions and Related Matters

Sec. 7121. Sanctions with respect to foreign financial institutions that 
          provide financial services to certain sanctioned persons.
Sec. 7122. Mandatory designations under North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
          Enhancement Act of 2016.
Sec. 7123. Extension of applicability period of proliferation prevention 
          sanctions.
Sec. 7124. Opposition to assistance by the international financial 
          institutions.
Sec. 7125. Support for capacity of the International Monetary Fund to 
          prevent money laundering and financing of terrorism.
Sec. 7126. Report and briefings on compliance, penalties, and technical 
          assistance.
Sec. 7127. Sense of Congress on identification and blocking of property 
          of North Korean officials.
Sec. 7128. Modification of report on implementation of United Nations 
          Security Council resolutions by other governments.
Sec. 7129. Report on use by the Government of North Korea of beneficial 
          ownership rules to access the international financial system.

               Part II--Congressional Review and Oversight

Sec. 7131. Notification of termination or suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 7132. Reports on certain licensing actions.
Sec. 7133. Report and briefings on financial networks and financial 
          methods of the Government of North Korea.
Sec. 7134. Report on countries of concern with respect to transshipment, 
          reexportation, or diversion of certain items to North Korea.

                        Part III--General Matters

Sec. 7141. Rulemaking.
Sec. 7142. Authority to consolidate reports.
Sec. 7143. Waivers, exemptions, and termination.
Sec. 7144. Procedures for review of classified and certain other 
          information.
Sec. 7145. Briefing on resourcing of sanctions programs.
Sec. 7146. Briefing on proliferation financing.
Sec. 7147. Exception relating to importation of goods.

       Subtitle B--Financial Industry Guidance to Halt Trafficking

Sec. 7151. Short title.
Sec. 7152. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7153. Coordination of human trafficking issues by the Office of 
          Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.
Sec. 7154. Strengthening the role of anti-money laundering and other 
          financial tools in combating human trafficking.
Sec. 7155. Sense of Congress on resources to combat human trafficking.

 TITLE LXXII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF ILLICIT 
                            SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS

Sec. 7201. Short title.
Sec. 7202. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7203. Definitions.

    Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to Foreign Opioid Traffickers

Sec. 7211. Identification of foreign opioid traffickers.
Sec. 7212. Imposition of sanctions.
Sec. 7213. Description of sanctions.
Sec. 7214. Waivers.
Sec. 7215. Procedures for judicial review of classified information.
Sec. 7216. Briefings on implementation.
Sec. 7217. Inclusion of additional material in International Narcotics 
          Control Strategy Report.

    Subtitle B--Commission on Combating Synthetic Opioid Trafficking

Sec. 7221. Commission on combating synthetic opioid trafficking.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 7231. Director of National Intelligence program on use of 
          intelligence resources in efforts to sanction foreign opioid 
          traffickers.
Sec. 7232. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 7233. Regulatory authority.
Sec. 7234. Termination.
Sec. 7235. Exception relating to importation of goods.

                           TITLE LXXIII--PFAS

Sec. 7301. Short title.
Sec. 7302. Definition of Administrator.

                       Subtitle A--Drinking Water

Sec. 7311. Monitoring and detection.
Sec. 7312. Drinking water state revolving funds.

                   Subtitle B--PFAS Release Disclosure

Sec. 7321. Additions to toxics release inventory.

                  Subtitle C--USGS Performance Standard

Sec. 7331. Definitions.
Sec. 7332. Performance standard for the detection of highly fluorinated 
          compounds.
Sec. 7333. Nationwide sampling.
Sec. 7334. Data usage.
Sec. 7335. Collaboration.

                    Subtitle D--Emerging Contaminants

Sec. 7341. Definitions.
Sec. 7342. Research and coordination plan for enhanced response on 
          emerging contaminants.

                Subtitle E--Toxic Substances Control Act

Sec. 7351. PFAS data call.
Sec. 7352. Significant new use rule for long-chain PFAS.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 7361. PFAS destruction and disposal guidance.
Sec. 7362. PFAS research and development.

        TITLE LXXIV--CAESAR SYRIA CIVILIAN PROTECTION ACT OF 2019

Sec. 7401. Short title.
Sec. 7402. Statement of policy.

Subtitle A--Additional Actions in Connection With the National Emergency 
                          With Respect to Syria

Sec. 7411. Measures with respect to Central Bank of Syria.
Sec. 7412. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons that engage in 
          certain transactions.
Sec. 7413. Strategy relating to areas of Syria in which civilians are 
          subject to forced displacement.

             Subtitle B--Assistance for the People of Syria

Sec. 7421. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7422. Briefing on monitoring and evaluating of ongoing assistance 
          programs in Syria and to the Syrian people.
Sec. 7423. Assessment of potential methods to enhance the protection of 
          civilians.
Sec. 7424. Assistance to support entities taking actions relating to 
          gathering evidence for investigations into war crimes or 
          crimes against humanity in Syria since March 2011.
Sec. 7425. Codification of certain services in support of 
          nongovernmental organizations' activities authorized.
Sec. 7426. Briefing on strategy to facilitate humanitarian assistance.

                     Subtitle C--General Provisions

Sec. 7431. Suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 7432. Waivers and exemptions.
Sec. 7433. Implementation and regulatory authorities.
Sec. 7434. Exception relating to importation of goods.
Sec. 7435. Cost limitation.
Sec. 7436. Rule of construction.
Sec. 7437. Prohibition on construction of provisions of this title as an 
          authorization for use of military force.
Sec. 7438. Sunset.

             TITLE LXXV--PROTECTING EUROPE'S ENERGY SECURITY

Sec. 7501. Short title.
Sec. 7502. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7503. Imposition of sanctions with respect to provision of certain 
          vessels for the construction of certain Russian energy export 
          pipelines.

                       TITLE LXXVI--OTHER MATTERS

               Subtitle A--Federal Employee Paid Leave Act

Sec. 7601. Short title.
Sec. 7602. Paid parental leave under title 5.
Sec. 7603. Paid parental leave for congressional employees.
Sec. 7604. Conforming amendment to Family and Medical Leave Act for GAO 
          and Library of Congress employees.
Sec. 7605. Clarification for members of the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 7606. Conforming amendment for certain TSA employees.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 7611. Liberian refugee immigration fairness.
Sec. 7612. Pensacola Dam and Reservoir, Grand River, Oklahoma.
Sec. 7613. Limitation on certain rolling stock procurements; 
          cybersecurity certification for rail rolling stock and 
          operations.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 
10, United States Code.

SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of 
complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by 
the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, 
provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference 
report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
          limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground System-
          Army Increment 1.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.
Sec. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
          aircraft carriers.
Sec. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
          and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.
Sec. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
          force structure.
Sec. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
          waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.
Sec. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.
Sec. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
          designated LPD-31.
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
          Ship.
Sec. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
          combatants.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
          on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element 
          composition.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 142. OC-135B aircraft recapitalization program.
Sec. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with 
          National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
          primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15EX aircraft.
Sec. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC-26B aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
          aircraft.
Sec. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.
Sec. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.
Sec. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement of 
          JASSM-ER missiles.
Sec. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
Sec. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of 
          the Air Force.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
          acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-issue 
          spare parts for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of 
          Turkish F-35A aircraft to the United States.
Sec. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software 
          development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike 
          Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.
Sec. 165. F-35 sustainment cost.
Sec. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F-35 aircraft 
          program.
Sec. 167. Other reports on the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications systems 
          lacking certain resiliency features.
Sec. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
          requirement.

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2020 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine 
Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified 
in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY TO WAIVE CERTAIN 
                    LIMITATIONS RELATED TO THE DISTRIBUTED COMMON 
                    GROUND SYSTEM-ARMY INCREMENT 1.

    Section 113(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2028) is 
amended by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' both places it 
appears and inserting ``Secretary of the Army''.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. FORD-CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER COST LIMITATION BASELINES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 863 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``Sec. 8692. Ford-class aircraft carriers: cost limitation baselines

    ``(a) Limitation.--The total amounts obligated or expended 
from funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any 
other procurement account, may not exceed the following amounts 
for the following aircraft carriers:
            ``(1) $13,224,000,000 for the construction of the 
        aircraft carrier designated CVN-78.
            ``(2) $11,398,000,000 for the construction of the 
        aircraft carrier designated CVN-79.
            ``(3) $12,202,000,000 for the construction of the 
        aircraft carrier designated CVN-80.
            ``(4) $12,451,000,000 for the construction of the 
        aircraft carrier designated CVN-81.
    ``(b) Exclusion of Battle and Interim Spares From Cost 
Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall exclude from the 
determination of the amounts set forth in subsection (a) the 
costs of the following items:
            ``(1) CVN-78 class battle spares.
            ``(2) Interim spares.
            ``(3) Increases attributable to economic inflation 
        after December 1, 2018, not otherwise included in the 
        amounts listed in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Written Notice and Briefing on Change in Amount.--The 
Secretary of the Navy may adjust an amount listed in subsection 
(a) not fewer than 15 days after submitting written notice and 
providing a briefing to the congressional defense committees, 
each of which shall include the amount and rationale of any 
change and the resulting amount after such change.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 863 of such title is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 8691 the following new item:

``8692. Ford-class aircraft carriers: cost limitation baselines.''.
    (c) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Section 122 of the 
John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2104) is repealed.

SEC. 122. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON COST TARGETS FOR CERTAIN 
                    AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

    Section 126(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2035) is 
amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and 
        CVN-80'' and inserting ``, CVN-80, and CVN-81'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``2021'' and inserting 
                ``2032''; and
                    (B) by striking ``costs described in 
                subsection (b) for the CVN-79 and CVN-80'' and 
                inserting ``cost targets for the CVN-79, the 
                CVN-80, and the CVN-81''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking `` and the CVN-80'' and 
                inserting ``, the CVN-80, and the CVN-81''
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``costs described in subsection (b)'' and 
                inserting ``cost targets'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking 
                ``costs specified in subsection (b)'' and 
                inserting ``cost targets''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (G), by striking 
                ``costs specified in subsection (b)'' and 
                inserting ``cost targets''.

SEC. 123. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAULS OF THE U.S.S. JOHN C. STENNIS 
                    AND U.S.S. HARRY S. TRUMAN.

    (a) Refueling and Complex Overhaul.--The Secretary of the 
Navy shall carry out the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul 
of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74) and U.S.S. Harry S. 
Truman (CVN-75).
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to any 
contract entered into under subsection (a) for the nuclear 
refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
(CVN-74) and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75), the Secretary may 
use incremental funding for a period not to exceed six years 
after advance procurement funds for such nuclear refueling and 
complex overhaul effort are first obligated.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--Any contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2020 is subject to 
the availability of appropriations for that purpose for that 
later fiscal year.

SEC. 124. FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER SUPPORT FOR F-35C AIRCRAFT.

    Before completing the post-shakedown availability of the 
Ford class aircraft carrier designated CVN-79, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall ensure that the aircraft carrier is capable of 
operating and deploying with the F-35C aircraft.

SEC. 125. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION OF AIRCRAFT CARRIER 
                    FORCE STRUCTURE.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to reduce 
the number of operational aircraft carriers of the Navy below 
the number specified in section 8062(b) of title 10, United 
States Code.

SEC. 126. MODIFICATION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR NAVY 
                    WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

    Section 130 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``for fiscal year 
        2019 may be obligated or expended to procure legacy 
        waterborne security barriers for Navy ports'' and 
        inserting ``for fiscal year 2019 or fiscal year 2020 
        may be obligated or expended to procure legacy 
        waterborne security barriers for Navy ports, including 
        as replacements for legacy barriers'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``of not 
        more than 30 percent'' after ``replacement''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Notification.--Not later than 15 days after an 
exception is made pursuant to subsection (c)(2), the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit a written notification to the 
congressional defense committees that includes--
            ``(1) the name and position of the government 
        official who determined exigent circumstances exist;
            ``(2) a description of the exigent circumstances; 
        and
            ``(3) a description of how waterborne security will 
        be maintained until new waterborne security barriers 
        are procured and installed.''.

SEC. 127. LHA REPLACEMENT AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT SHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority to Use Incremental Funding.--The Secretary of 
the Navy may enter into and incrementally fund a contract for 
detail design and construction of the LHA replacement ship 
designated LHA 9 and, subject to subsection (b), funds for 
payments under the contract may be provided from amounts 
authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for 
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, for fiscal years 2019 
through 2025.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract for any subsequent fiscal year is subject to the 
availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
subsequent fiscal year.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 125 of the John 
Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 
(Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2106) is repealed.

SEC. 128. STRATEGIC SEALIFT FLEET VESSEL.

    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of 
appropriations, the Secretary of the Navy shall seek to enter 
into a contract for the construction of one sealift vessel.
    (b) Delivery Date.--The contract entered into under 
subsection (a) shall specify a delivery date for the sealift 
vessel of not later than September 30, 2026.
    (c) Design and Construction Requirements.--
            (1) Use of existing design.--The design of the 
        sealift vessel shall be based on a domestic or foreign 
        design that exists as of the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.
            (2) Commercial standards and practices.--Subject to 
        paragraph (1), the sealift vessel may be constructed 
        using commercial design standards and commercial 
        construction practices that are consistent with the 
        best interests of the Federal Government.
            (3) Domestic shipyard.--The sealift vessel shall be 
        constructed in a shipyard that is located in the United 
        States.
    (d) Certificate and Endorsement.--The sealift vessel shall 
meet the requirements necessary to receive a certificate of 
documentation and a coastwise endorsement under chapter 121 of 
tile 46, United States Code, and the Secretary of the Navy 
shall ensure that the completed vessel receives such a 
certificate and endorsement.
    (e) Executive Agent.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may seek 
        to enter into a contract or other agreement with a 
        private-sector entity under which the entity may act as 
        executive agent for the Secretary for purposes of the 
        contract under subsection (a).
            (2) Responsibilities.--The executive agent 
        described in paragraph (1) may be responsible for--
                    (A) selecting a shipyard for the 
                construction of the sealift vessel;
                    (B) managing and overseeing the 
                construction of the sealift vessel; and
                    (C) such other matters as the Secretary of 
                the Navy determines to be appropriate
    (f) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary of 
the Navy may use incremental funding to make payments under the 
contract.
    (g) Sealift Vessel Defined.--In this section, the term 
``sealift vessel'' means the sealift vessel constructed 
pursuant to the contract entered into under subsection (a).

SEC. 129. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK 
                    DESIGNATED LPD-31.

    (a) In General.--Using funds authorized to be appropriated 
for the Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, 
Navy, the Secretary of the Navy may enter into a contract, 
beginning with the fiscal year 2020 program year, for the 
design and construction of the amphibious transport dock 
designated LPD-31.
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
use incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under such 
contract for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2020 is subject 
to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
later fiscal year.

SEC. 130. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE LITTORAL COMBAT 
                    SHIP.

    (a) Limitations.--None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act for fiscal year 2020 for the 
Department of Defense may be used to exceed, and the Department 
may not otherwise exceed, the total procurement quantity of 
thirty-five Littoral Combat Ships, unless the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment submits to the 
congressional defense committees the certification described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Certification.--The certification described in this 
subsection is a certification by the Under Secretary that 
awarding a contract for the procurement of a Littoral Combat 
Ship that exceeds the total procurement quantity listed in 
revision five of the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition 
strategy--
            (1) is in the national security interests of the 
        United States;
            (2) will not result in exceeding the low-rate 
        initial production quantity approved in the Littoral 
        Combat Ship acquisition strategy in effect as of the 
        date of the certification; and
            (3) is necessary to maintain a full and open 
        competition for the Guided Missile Frigate (FFG(X)) 
        with a single source award in fiscal year 2020.

SEC. 131. LIMITATION ON THE NEXT NEW CLASS OF NAVY LARGE SURFACE 
                    COMBATANTS.

    (a) In General.--Milestone B approval may not be granted 
for the next new class of Navy large surface combatants unless 
the class of Navy large surface combatants incorporates prior 
to such approval--
            (1) design changes identified during the full 
        duration of the combat system ship qualification trials 
        and operational test periods of the first Arleigh 
        Burke-class destroyer in the Flight III configuration 
        to complete such events; and
            (2) final results of test programs of engineering 
        development models or prototypes for critical systems 
        specified by the Senior Technical Authority pursuant to 
        section 8669b of title 10, United States Code, as added 
        by section 1034 of this Act, in their final form, fit, 
        and function and in a realistic environment, which 
        shall include a land-based engineering site for the 
        propulsion system.
    (b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not release 
a detail design or construction request for proposals or 
obligate funds from the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy 
account for the next new class of Navy large surface combatants 
until the class of Navy large surface combatants receives 
Milestone B approval and the milestone decision authority 
notifies the congressional defense committees, in writing, of 
the actions taken to comply with the requirements under 
subsection (a).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Milestone B approval'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 2366(e)(7) of title 
        10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``milestone decision authority'' means 
        the official within the Department of Defense 
        designated with the overall responsibility and 
        authority for acquisition decisions for the program, 
        including authority to approve entry of the program 
        into the next phase of the acquisition process.
            (3) The term ``large surface combatants'' means 
        Navy surface ships that are designed primarily to 
        engage in attacks against airborne, surface, 
        subsurface, and shore targets, excluding frigates and 
        littoral combat ships.

SEC. 132. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING QUARTERLY UPDATES 
                    ON THE CH-53K KING STALLION HELICOPTER PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
for aircraft procurement, Navy, for the CH-53K King Stallion 
helicopter program, not more than 50 percent may be obligated 
or expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the 
date on which the Secretary of the Navy provides the first 
briefing required under subsection (b).
    (b) Quarterly Briefings Required.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning not later than 30 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, and on a 
        quarterly basis thereafter through the end of fiscal 
        year 2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives a briefing on the progress of 
        the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) 
        shall include, with respect to the CH-53K King Stallion 
        helicopter program, the following:
                    (A) An overview of the program schedule.
                    (B) A statement of the total cost of the 
                program as of the date of the briefing, 
                including the costs of development, testing, 
                and production.
                    (C) A comparison of the total cost of the 
                program relative to the approved acquisition 
                program baseline.
                    (D) An assessment of flight testing under 
                the program, including identification of the 
                number of test events that have been conducted 
                on-time in accordance with the joint integrated 
                program schedule.
                    (E) An update on the correction of 
                technical deficiencies under the program, 
                including--
                            (i) identification of the technical 
                        deficiencies that have been corrected 
                        as of the date of the briefing;
                            (ii) identification of the 
                        technical deficiencies that have been 
                        discovered, but not corrected, as of 
                        such date;
                            (iii) an estimate of the total cost 
                        of correcting technical deficiencies 
                        under the program; and
                            (iv) an explanation of any 
                        significant deviations from the testing 
                        and program schedule that are 
                        anticipated due to the discovery and 
                        correction of technical deficiencies.

SEC. 133. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VH-92A HELICOPTER.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
for procurement for the VH-92A helicopter, not more than 80 
percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which 
the Secretary of Navy submits to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives the 
report required under subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives a report assessing the status of 
the VH-92A helicopter program industrial base and the potential 
impact of proposed manufacturing base changes on the 
acquisition program. The report shall include a description 
of--
            (1) estimated effects on the manufacturing 
        readiness level of the VH-92 program due to potential 
        changes to the program manufacturing base;
            (2) the estimated costs and assessment of cost risk 
        to the program due to potential changes to the program 
        manufacturing base;
            (3) any estimated schedule impacts, including 
        impacts on delivery dates for the remaining low-rate 
        initial production lots and full rate production, 
        resulting from any changes to the manufacturing base;
            (4) an assessment of the effect of changes to the 
        manufacturing base on VH-92A sustainment; and
            (5) the impact of such changes on production and 
        sustainment capacity for the MH-60 and CH-53K 
        helicopters of the Navy.

SEC. 134. REPORT ON CARRIER WING AND AVIATION COMBAT ELEMENT 
                    COMPOSITION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the optimal composition of the carrier 
air wing (CVW) on aircraft carriers and aviation combat element 
(ACE) embarked on amphibious ships in 2030 and 2040, including 
alternative force design concepts.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following elements for the CVW and ACE:
            (1) Analysis and justification for the Department 
        of the Navy's stated goal of a 50/50 mix of 4th and 5th 
        generation aircraft for 2030.
            (2) Analysis and justification for an optimal mix 
        of aircraft for 2040.
            (3) A plan for incorporating unmanned aerial 
        vehicles and associated communication capabilities to 
        effectively implement the future force design.
            (4) Analysis of the support equipment requirement 
        for each aircraft type and the space needed to 
        accommodate such equipment.
            (5) A description of existing and potential ship 
        designs or design changes that would enable greater 
        commonality and interoperability of embarked naval 
        aircraft, including aircraft arresting gear and launch 
        catapults.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall provide the congressional defense committees 
a briefing on the report required under subsection (a).

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 141. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-5 AIRCRAFT.

    Section 141(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1661) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``until the date 
        that is 30 days after the date on which the briefing 
        under section 144(b) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 is provided to 
        the congressional defense committees'' and inserting 
        ``until the date that is 30 days after the date on 
        which the final report and briefing required under 
        section 1712(c)(2) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 have each been 
        provided to the congressional defense committees''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``can be 
        returned to service'' and inserting ``is inducted into 
        or maintained in type 1000 recallable storage''.

SEC. 142. OC-135B AIRCRAFT RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that any 
request for proposals for the procurement of an OC-135B 
aircraft under a recapitalization program for such aircraft 
meets the requirements for full and open competition as set 
forth in section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, and 
includes, as part of such request for proposals, consideration 
of proposals for the provision of new production aircraft and 
recently manufactured aircraft.

SEC. 143. REQUIREMENT TO ALIGN AIR FORCE AVIATION FORCE STRUCTURE WITH 
                    NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.

    (a) Required Submission of Strategy.--Not later than March 
1, 2020, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an aviation force structure 
acquisition strategy that aligns with the stated capability and 
capacity requirements of the Department of the Air Force to 
meet the National Defense Strategy.
    (b) Alignment With Strategy.--The Secretary of the Air 
Force may not deviate from the strategy submitted under 
subsection (a) until--
            (1) the Secretary receives a waiver from the 
        Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman 
        of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and
            (2) the Secretary of Defense provides the 
        congressional defense committees with the waiver 
        approval documentation.

SEC. 144. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION IN KC-10 
                    PRIMARY MISSION AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC-
10 aircraft in the primary mission aircraft inventory of the 
Air Force.

SEC. 145. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-15EX AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force 
may be obligated or expended to procure any F-15EX aircraft, 
other than the first two prototypes of such aircraft, until a 
period of 15 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the following topics relating to the F-
15EX program:
            (1) Acquisition strategy.
            (2) Cost and schedule estimates.
            (3) Test and evaluation strategy.
            (4) Logistics strategy.
            (5) Post-production fielding strategy.
    (b) Exception for Long-lead Items.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), 
        the Secretary of the Air Force may use the funds 
        described in paragraph (2) to procure long-lead items 
        for up to six additional F-15EX aircraft beyond the 
        first two prototypes of such aircraft.
            (2) Funds described.--The funds described in this 
        paragraph are funds authorized to be appropriated by 
        this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
        2020 for the Air Force for any of the following:
                    (A) Research and development, nonrecurring 
                engineering.
                    (B) Aircraft procurement.
    (c) F-15EX Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-
15EX program'' means the F-15EX aircraft program of the Air 
Force as described in the materials submitted to Congress by 
the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget of the 
President for fiscal year 2020 (as submitted to Congress under 
section 1105(a) of title 21, United States Code).

SEC. 146. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VC-25B AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 or any subsequent 
fiscal year for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to 
carry out over and above work on the VC-25B aircraft until a 
period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
Secretary of the Air Force notifies the congressional defense 
committees of the intent of the Secretary to authorize such 
work.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) shall 
not apply to over and above work carried out--
            (1) to repair or replace items damaged during the 
        testing of the VC-25B aircraft; or
            (2) to make changes necessary to meet operational 
        requirements.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``operational requirements'' means any 
        of the operational requirements for the VC-25B aircraft 
        described in the capability development document or the 
        system requirements document for the Presidential 
        Aircraft Recapitalization Program.
            (2) The term ``over and above work'' means work 
        performed pursuant to line 0012 (CLIN 0012) of the 
        contract for Presidential Aircraft Recapitalization 
        entered into between the Department of the Air Force 
        and the Boeing Company (contract number FA8625-16-C-
        6599).

SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RC-26B AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force 
may be obligated or expended to retire, divest, realign, or 
place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, or 
prepare to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or 
backup inventory status, any RC-26B aircraft until the date on 
which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) the report required under subsection (c); and
            (2) the certification required under subsection 
        (d).
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to individual RC-26B aircraft that the Secretary of the 
Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer 
mission capable because of mishaps or other damage.
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
that includes the following:
            (1) A survey of any requirements for the Air Force 
        to provide intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance support to other military forces and 
        civil authorities that the Air Force and the Air 
        National Guard meet using the RC-26B aircraft.
            (2) An assessment of the extent to which such 
        requirements are appropriate for the Air Force to 
        fulfill.
            (3) The manner in which the Secretary would meet 
        such requirements if the RC-26B aircraft were to be 
        retired.
            (4) A comparison of costs and effectiveness of 
        alternative means of providing intelligence, 
        surveillance, and reconnaissance support to other 
        military forces and civil authorities.
            (5) An assessment of the utility of entering into 
        one or more memoranda of agreement with other military 
        forces and civil authorities to govern the process for 
        providing intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance support to those forces and authorities.
    (d) Certification Required.--Not later than 60 days after 
the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits the 
report required under subsection (c), the Secretary shall 
certify to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) whether there are requirements for the Air 
        Force to provide intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance support to other military forces and 
        civil authorities that the Air Force meets using the 
        RC-26B aircraft; and
            (2) whether the Secretary has identified methods of 
        meeting such requirements that are more effective and 
        more efficient than meeting such requirements through 
        the use of the RC-26B aircraft.

SEC. 148. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF RC-135 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force 
may be obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to retire, 
any RC-135 aircraft until a period of 60 days has elapsed 
following the date on which the Secretary of Defense certifies 
to the congressional defense committees that--
            (1) technologies other than the RC-135 aircraft 
        provide capacity and capabilities equivalent to the 
        capacity and capabilities of the RC-135 aircraft; and
            (2) the capacity and capabilities of such other 
        technologies meet the requirements of combatant 
        commanders with respect to indications and warning, 
        intelligence preparation of the operational 
        environment, and direct support for kinetic and 
        nonkinetic operations.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to individual RC-135 aircraft that the Secretary of the 
Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer 
mission capable because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
uneconomical to repair.

SEC. 149. AIR FORCE AGGRESSOR SQUADRON MODERNIZATION.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) it is critical that the Air Force has the 
        capability to train against an advanced air adversary 
        in order to be prepared for conflicts against a modern 
        enemy force, and that in order to have this capability, 
        the Air Force must have access to an advanced adversary 
        force prior to United States adversaries fielding a 
        5th-generation operational capability; and
            (2) the Air Force's plan to use low-rate initial 
        production F-35As as aggressor aircraft reflects a 
        recognition of the need to field a modernized aggressor 
        fleet.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may 
        not transfer any low-rate initial production F-35 
        aircraft for use as aggressor aircraft until the Chief 
        of Staff of the Air Force submits to the congressional 
        defense committees a comprehensive plan and report on 
        the strategy for modernizing its organic aggressor 
        fleet.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) Potential locations for F-35A aggressor 
                aircraft, including an analysis of 
                installations that--
                            (i) have the size and availability 
                        of airspace necessary to meet flying 
                        operations requirements;
                            (ii) have sufficient capacity and 
                        availability of range space;
                            (iii) are capable of hosting 
                        advanced-threat training exercises; and
                            (iv) meet or require minimal 
                        addition to the environmental 
                        requirements associated with the basing 
                        action.
                    (B) An analysis of the potential cost and 
                benefits of expanding aggressor squadrons 
                currently operating 18 Primary Assigned 
                Aircraft (PAA) to a level of 24 PAA each.
                    (C) An analysis of the cost and timelines 
                associated with modernizing the current Air 
                Force aggressor squadrons to include upgrading 
                aircraft radar, infrared search-and-track 
                systems, radar warning receiver, tactical 
                datalink, threat-representative jamming pods, 
                and other upgrades necessary to provide a 
                realistic advanced adversary threat.

SEC. 150. AIR FORCE PLAN FOR COMBAT RESCUE HELICOPTER FIELDING.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, 
given delays to Operational Loss Replacement (OLR) program 
fielding and the on-time fielding of Combat Rescue Helicopter 
(CRH), the Air National Guard should retain additional HH-60G 
helicopters at Air National Guard locations to meet their 
recommended primary aircraft authorized (PAA) per the Air 
Force's June 2018 report on Air National Guard HH-60 
requirements.
    (b) Report on Fielding Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
        Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on its fielding plan for the CRH 
        program.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of the differences in 
                capabilities between the HH-60G, OLR, and CRH 
                helicopters.
                    (B) A description of the costs and risks 
                associated with changing the CRH fielding plan 
                to reduce or eliminate inventory shortfalls.
                    (C) A description of the measures for 
                accelerating the program available within the 
                current contract.
                    (D) A description of the operational risks 
                and benefits associated with fielding the CRH 
                to the active component first, including--
                            (i) how the differing fielding plan 
                        may affect deployment schedules;
                            (ii) what capabilities active-
                        component units deploying with the CRH 
                        will have that reserve component units 
                        deploying with OLR will not; and
                            (iii) an analysis of the potential 
                        costs and benefits that could result 
                        from accelerating CRH fielding to all 
                        units through additional funding in the 
                        future years defense program.
    (c) Report on Training Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
        Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the plan to sustain training for 
        initial-entry reserve component HH-60G pilots once the 
        active component of the Air Force has received all of 
        its CRH helicopters.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) Projected reserve component aircrew 
                initial HH-60G/OLR qualification training 
                requirements, by year.
                    (B) The number of legacy HH-60G/OLR 
                helicopters required to continue providing 
                initial HH-60G qualification training through 
                the 150th Special Operations Wing at Kirtland 
                Air Force Base.
                    (C) The number of personnel required to 
                continue providing initial HH-60G/OLR 
                qualification training through the 150th 
                Special Operations Wing at Kirtland Air Force 
                Base.
                    (D) The number of flying hours required per 
                pilot to perform ``differences training'' at 
                home station for initial entry HH-60 pilots 
                receiving CRH training at Kirtland Air Force 
                Base to become qualified in the HH-60G/OLR at 
                their home station.
                    (E) The projected effect of using local 
                flying training hours at reserve component 
                units on overall unit training readiness and 
                ability to meet Ready Aircrew Program 
                requirements.

SEC. 151. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF MULTIYEAR CONTRACT FOR PROCUREMENT 
                    OF JASSM-ER MISSILES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 31, 2020, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall submit a report to the 
congressional defense committees assessing the feasibility of 
entering into a multiyear contract for procurement of JASSM-ER 
missiles starting in fiscal year 2022.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following elements:
            (1) An initial assessment of cost savings to the 
        Air Force from a multiyear contract.
            (2) An analysis of at least two different multiyear 
        contract options that vary in either duration or 
        quantity, at least one of which assumes a maximum 
        procurement of 550 missiles per year for 5 years.
            (3) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will 
        impact the industrial base.
            (4) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will 
        impact the Long Range Anti-Ship Missile.
            (5) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will 
        impact the ability of the Air Force to develop 
        additional capabilities for the JASSM-ER missile.

SEC. 152. REPORT ON AIRCRAFT FLEET OF THE CIVIL AIR PATROL.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include an assessment of each of the following:
            (1) Whether the number of aircraft, types of 
        aircraft, and operating locations that comprise the 
        Civil Air Patrol fleet are suitable for the missions 
        and responsibilities assigned to the Civil Air Patrol, 
        including--
                    (A) flight proficiency and training;
                    (B) operational mission training; and
                    (C) support for cadet orientation and cadet 
                flight training programs in the Civil Air 
                Patrol wing of each State.
            (2) The ideal overall size of the Civil Air Patrol 
        aircraft fleet, including a description of the factors 
        used to determine that ideal size.
            (3) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol and 
        the Air Force to determine the number and location of 
        aircraft operating locations and whether State Civil 
        Air Patrol wing commanders are appropriately involved 
        in that process.
            (4) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol, the 
        Air Force, and other relevant entities to determine the 
        type and number of aircraft that are needed to support 
        the emergency, operational, and training missions of 
        the Civil Air Patrol.

SEC. 153. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE LIGHT ATTACK AIRCRAFT INITIATIVE OF 
                    THE AIR FORCE.

     It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) The United States Special Operations Command 
        has a mission requirement to support foreign internal 
        defense training and a light attack aircraft platform 
        could potentially facilitate meeting that requirement.
            (2) The Secretary of the Air Force should 
        coordinate with the Commander of the United States 
        Special Operations Command to assess how general 
        purpose forces and special operations forces can 
        leverage the light attack aircraft phase three 
        experimentation activities of the Air Force.
            (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, in coordination 
        with the Commander of the United States Special 
        Operations Command, should explore options for 
        coordinating light attack aircraft experiment 
        activities between general purpose forces and special 
        operations forces to maximize efficiency and 
        effectiveness and to further the mission requirements 
        of both forces, including options to transfer a portion 
        of funds authorized for Air Force light attack aircraft 
        experiments to procure aircraft for supporting the 
        combat air advisor mission of the Special Operations 
        Command.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 161. ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AND BUY-TO-BUDGET 
                    ACQUISITION FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Economic Order Quantity Contract Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) through 
        (4), from amounts made available for obligation under 
        the F-35 aircraft program, the Secretary of Defense may 
        enter into one or more contracts, beginning with the 
        fiscal year 2020 program year, for the procurement of 
        economic order quantities of material and equipment 
        that has completed formal hardware qualification 
        testing for the F-35 aircraft program for use in 
        procurement contracts to be awarded for such program 
        during fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023.
            (2) Limitation.--The total amount obligated under 
        all contracts entered into under paragraph (1) shall 
        not exceed $574,000,000.
            (3) Preliminary findings.--Before entering into a 
        contract under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense 
        shall make each of the following findings with respect 
        to such contract:
                    (A) The use of such a contract will result 
                in significant savings of the total anticipated 
                costs of carrying out the program through 
                annual contracts.
                    (B) The minimum need for the property to be 
                procured is expected to remain substantially 
                unchanged during the contemplated contract 
                period in terms of production rate, procurement 
                rate, and total quantities.
                    (C) There is a reasonable expectation that, 
                throughout the contemplated contract period, 
                the Secretary will request funding for the 
                contract at the level required to avoid 
                contract cancellation.
                    (D) That there is a stable, certified, and 
                qualified design for the property to be 
                procured and that the technical risks and 
                redesign risks associated with such property 
                are low.
                    (E) The estimates of both the cost of the 
                contract and the anticipated cost avoidance 
                through the use of an economic order quantity 
                contract are realistic.
                    (F) Entering into the contract will promote 
                the national security interests of the United 
                States.
            (4) Certification requirement.--The Secretary of 
        Defense may not enter into a contract under paragraph 
        (1) until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the 
        date on which the Secretary certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, in writing, that each 
        of the following conditions is satisfied:
                    (A) A sufficient number of end items of the 
                system being acquired under such contract have 
                been delivered at or within the most recently 
                available estimates of the program acquisition 
                unit cost or procurement unit cost for such 
                system to determine that the estimates of the 
                unit costs are realistic.
                    (B) During the fiscal year in which such 
                contract is to be awarded, sufficient funds 
                will be available to perform the contract in 
                such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
                program submitted to Congress under section 221 
                of title 10, United States Code, for that 
                fiscal year will include the funding required 
                to execute the program without cancellation.
                    (C) The contract is a fixed-price type 
                contract.
                    (D) The proposed contract provides for 
                production at not less than minimum economic 
                rates given the existing tooling and 
                facilities.
                    (E) The Secretary has determined that each 
                of the conditions described in subparagraphs 
                (A) through (F) of paragraph (3) will be met by 
                such contract and has provided the basis for 
                such determination to the congressional defense 
                committees.
    (b) Buy-to-budget Acquisition.--Subject to section 2308 of 
title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may 
procure a quantity of F-35 aircraft in excess of the quantity 
authorized by this Act.

SEC. 162. RELIEF FROM CONTRACTORS FOR FAILURE TO DELIVER READY-FOR-
                    ISSUE SPARE PARTS FOR THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Requirement to Seek Relief.--Consistent with the 
findings and recommendations of the Inspector General of the 
Department of Defense in the report titled ``Audit of F-35 
Ready-For-Issue Spare Parts and Sustainment Performance 
Incentive Fees'' (DODIG-2019-094) and dated June 13, 2019, the 
Secretary of Defense shall seek relief, as described in 
subsection (b), from prime contractors that delivered 
noncompliant ready-for-issue spare parts pursuant a contract 
under the F-35 aircraft program.
    (b) Relief Described.--The relief sought by the Secretary 
of Defense under subsection (a) may include the following: 
            (1) Specific performance.
            (2) Compensation for costs incurred by the 
        Department of Defense as a result of the contractor's 
        failure to deliver compliant ready-for-issue spare 
        parts under the contract.
            (3) Any other form of remediation or compensation 
        the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
            (1) to alter the terms of a contract under the F-35 
        aircraft program; or
            (2) to authorize the Secretary of Defense to seek 
        forms of relief beyond those otherwise available under 
        law.

SEC. 163. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REALLOCATION OF 
                    TURKISH F-35A AIRCRAFT TO THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to 
procure a covered F-35A aircraft for the United States Air 
Force until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the date 
on which the Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
congressional defense committees that--
            (1) ancillary mission equipment, initial spare 
        parts and materials, technical data, and publications 
        will be procured for each covered F-35A aircraft 
        delivered to the Air Force; and
            (2) each such aircraft will be delivered to the Air 
        Force in a common configuration that may be operated 
        and integrated within the fleet of F-35A aircraft of 
        the Air Force.
    (b) Covered F-35A Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``covered F-35A aircraft'' means an F-35A aircraft 
previously procured by or on behalf of the Government of the 
Republic of Turkey in F-35 production lot 12, 13, or 14.

SEC. 164. REQUIREMENT TO ESTABLISH THE USE OF AN AGILE DEVOPS SOFTWARE 
                    DEVELOPMENT SOLUTION AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR JOINT 
                    STRIKE FIGHTER AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS INFORMATION 
                    SYSTEM.

    (a) Competitive Analysis.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct a competitive analysis of the performance and design 
architecture enhancement efforts between the currently fielded 
Autonomic logistics Information System, Autonomic Logistics 
Information System-Next, and the Department of the Air Force 
Agile Development Operations Madhatter initiative efforts, 
including system technology transition opportunities and 
timelines.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide the congressional defense 
committees a briefing on the findings of the competitive 
analysis carried out under subsection (a).

SEC. 165. F-35 SUSTAINMENT COST.

    (a) Quarterly Update.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall include in the quarterly 
report required under section 155 of the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232)--
            (1) sustainment cost data related to the F-35 
        program, including a comparison in itemized format of 
        the cost of legacy aircraft and the cost of the F-35 
        program, based on a standardized set of criteria; and
            (2) an evaluation and metrics on the extent to 
        which the goals developed pursuant to subsection (b) 
        are being achieved.
    (b) Cost Reduction Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall develop and implement 
        a plan for achieving significant reductions in the 
        costs to operate, maintain, and sustain the F-35 
        system.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) Specific changes in the management and 
                execution of operation and support (O&S) cost 
                elements to engender continuous and measurable 
                process improvements.
                    (B) Specific actions the Department will 
                implement in the near, mid, and long terms to 
                reduce O&S costs.
                    (C) Firm and achievable timelines for 
                implementing the specific actions and process 
                changes.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the baseline plan developed pursuant to paragraph 
        (1).

SEC. 166. REPORTS ON THE PROGRESS AND PERFORMANCE OF THE F-35 AIRCRAFT 
                    PROGRAM.

    (a) F-35 Block 4 and Continuous Capability Development and 
Delivery Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall include with 
the annual report required by section 224(d) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat. 2059) an integrated master schedule and past 
performance assessment for each planned phase of the F-35 Block 
4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery 
Program.
    (b) Comptroller General Reports.--
            (1) Annual report required.--Not later than 30 days 
        after the date on which the budget of the President is 
        submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 
        31, United States Code, for each of fiscal years 2021 
        through 2025, the Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the F-35 aircraft program.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) 
        shall include, with respect to the F-35 aircraft 
        program, the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the progress of 
                manufacturing processes improvement under the 
                program.
                    (B) The progress and results of the F-35 
                Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability 
                Development and Delivery Program and other 
                follow-on modernization development and testing 
                efforts.
                    (C) An assessment of the Department's 
                schedule for delivering software upgrades in 
                six-month, scheduled increments.
                    (D) The progress and results of any other 
                significant hardware development and fielding 
                efforts necessary for the F-35 Block 4 Upgrade 
                and Continuous Capability Development and 
                Delivery Program.
                    (E) Any other issues the Comptroller 
                General determines to be appropriate.
    (c) F-35 Block 4 Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-35 
Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and 
Delivery Program'' means Block 4 capability upgrades for the F-
35 aircraft program as described in the Selected Acquisition 
Report for the program submitted to Congress in March 2019, 
pursuant to section 2432 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 167. OTHER REPORTS ON THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Report on F-35 Reliability and Maintainability 
Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the reliability 
and maintainability metrics for the F-35 aircraft. The report 
shall include the following:
            (1) The results of a review and assessment, 
        conducted by the program office for the F-35 aircraft 
        program, of the reliability and maintainability metrics 
        for the aircraft as set forth in the most recent 
        operational requirements document for the program.
            (2) A determination of whether the reliability and 
        maintainability metrics for the aircraft, as set forth 
        in the most recent operational requirements document 
        for the program, are feasible and attainable, and what 
        changes, if any, will be made to update the metrics.
            (3) A certification that the program office for the 
        F-35 aircraft program has revised the reliability and 
        maintainability improvement plan for the aircraft--
                    (A) to identify specific and measurable 
                reliability and maintainability objectives in 
                the improvement plan guidance; and
                    (B) to identify and document which projects 
                included in the improvement plan will achieve 
                the objectives identified under subparagraph 
                (A).
    (b) Report on F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous 
Capability Development and Delivery Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability 
        Development and Delivery Program. The report shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) The results of the independent cost 
                estimate for the Program conducted by the 
                Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
                Evaluation.
                    (B) An approved test and evaluation master 
                plan that addresses the adequacy of testing 
                resources, testing aircraft shortfalls, and 
                testing funding.
                    (C) A review of the feasibility and 
                schedule of the continuous capability 
                development and delivery strategy for fielding 
                technologies under the Program as conducted by 
                the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering.
            (2) F-35 block 4 defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term ``F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability 
        Development and Delivery Program'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 166.
    (c) Report on F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information 
System.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the autonomic 
logistics information system of the F-35 aircraft. The report 
shall include a description of each of the following:
            (1) All shortfalls, capability gaps, and 
        deficiencies in the system that have been identified as 
        of the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) The strategy and performance requirements that 
        will be implemented to improve the system.
            (3) The strategy, implementation plan, schedule, 
        and estimated costs of developing and fielding--
                    (A) the next generation of the system; or
                    (B) future increments of the system.
    (d) F-35 Life-cycle Cost Estimates.--
            (1) Joint cost estimate.--The Secretary of the Air 
        Force and the Secretary of the Navy shall jointly 
        develop a joint service cost estimate for the life-
        cycle costs of the F-35 aircraft program.
            (2) Independent cost estimate.--The Director of 
        Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall develop an 
        independent cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of 
        the F-35 aircraft program.
    (e) Deadline for Submittal.--The reports required under 
subsections (a) through (d) shall be submitted to the 
congressional defense committees not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 168. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR COMMUNICATIONS 
                    SYSTEMS LACKING CERTAIN RESILIENCY FEATURES.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided under subsection (b), 
none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended for the 
procurement of a current or future Department of Defense 
communications program of record, and the Department may not 
otherwise procure a current or future communications program of 
record, unless the communications equipment--
            (1) mitigates geolocation of a transmission that 
        would allow a like echelon enemy force to target the 
        user;
            (2) securely communicates classified information in 
        a contested communications environment that includes 
        operationally representative jamming;
            (3) reduces, within two years of continued 
        development and upgrades, electronic signature and 
        susceptibility to geolocation by using low probability 
        of intercept/detect (LPI/LPD) waveforms, or other 
        capability that would provide the same resiliency on 
        the battlefield; and
            (4) utilizes a waveform that is either made 
        available through the Department of Defense Waveform 
        Information Repository, or is a commercial off the 
        shelf (COTS) waveform available for government 
        licensing with waveform analysis through the Joint 
        Tactical Networking Center (JTNC) Tactical 
        Communications Marketplace.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of a military department may 
waive the requirement under subsection (a) with respect to a 
communications system upon certifying to the congressional 
defense committees that the system's intended use is not for 
contested environments or will meet the requirement when 
operated as a component of an integrated network.

SEC. 169. REPEAL OF TACTICAL UNMANNED VEHICLE COMMON DATA LINK 
                    REQUIREMENT.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2020, 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the status of the Common Data 
        Link program and plans to meet new and emerging manned 
        and unmanned intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance (ISR) vehicle secure and interoperable 
        communication requirements.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of each Common Data Link 
                (CDL) waveform in use and which platforms or 
                systems utilize each CDL waveform.
                    (B) A list of manned and unmanned ISR 
                platforms or systems in development requiring 
                networked, secure, low latency communications, 
                and an assessment of the suitability of CDL to 
                meet the requirements of each planned program.
                    (C) A description of in-progress or planned 
                technology development efforts to address 
                networking requirements for manned and unmanned 
                ISR systems operating in contested and denied 
                environments.
    (b) Repeal.--Section 157 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 1667) is hereby repealed.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
          of Armed Forces for careers in science, technology, 
          engineering, and mathematics.
Sec. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management 
          authority to attract experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense 
          Innovation Unit.
Sec. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for 
          Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority-
          Serving Institutions of Higher Education.
Sec. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology 
          achievements.
Sec. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.
Sec. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas for 
          expedited access to technical talent.
Sec. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security 
          innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and 
          technology research and development program.
Sec. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and 
          development of capabilities by adversaries.
Sec. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.
Sec. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program.
Sec. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet 
          trusted supply chain and operational security standards.
Sec. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
          probability of detection data link network capability.
Sec. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) 
          infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and base 
          infrastructure.
Sec. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded 
          by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.
Sec. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
          software professionals.
Sec. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and 
          evaluation.
Sec. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
          development.
Sec. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.
Sec. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management 
          System.
Sec. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.
Sec. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, 
          Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, and 
          Operational Energy Capability Improvement.
Sec. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
          Increment 2 capability.

              Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
          science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and 
          evaluation missions.
Sec. 253. Energetics plan.
Sec. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
          information and communications technologies.
Sec. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.
Sec. 258. Report on B-52 commercial engine replacement program.
Sec. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for 
          Department of Defense warfighting systems.
Sec. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
          program.
Sec. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black 
          Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions.
Sec. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to 
          Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
Sec. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
          programs.
Sec. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2020 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. PROGRAM ON ENHANCEMENT OF PREPARATION OF DEPENDENTS OF 
                    MEMBERS OF ARMED FORCES FOR CAREERS IN SCIENCE, 
                    TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS.

    (a) Program Required.--Chapter 111 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2192a the 
following new section:

``Sec. 2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of 
                    members of armed forces for careers in science, 
                    technology, engineering, and mathematics

    ``(a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
carry out a program to--
            ``(1) enhance the preparation of students at 
        covered schools for careers in science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics; and
            ``(2) provide assistance to teachers at covered 
        schools to enhance preparation described in paragraph 
        (1).
    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the 
Secretary shall coordinate with the following:
            ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
            ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
            ``(3) The National Science Foundation.
            ``(4) Other organizations as the Secretary of 
        Defense considers appropriate.
    ``(c) Activities.--Activities under the program may include 
the following:
            ``(1) Establishment of targeted internships and 
        cooperative research opportunities at defense 
        laboratories and other technical centers for students 
        and teachers at covered schools.
            ``(2) Establishment of scholarships and fellowships 
        for students at covered schools.
            ``(3) Efforts and activities that improve the 
        quality of science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics educational and training opportunities for 
        students and teachers at covered schools, including 
        with respect to improving the development of curricula 
        at covered schools.
            ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, 
        demonstrations, mentoring programs, and informal 
        science education for students and teachers at covered 
        schools.
    ``(d) Metrics.--The Secretary shall establish outcome-based 
metrics and internal and external assessments to evaluate the 
merits and benefits of activities conducted under the program 
with respect to the needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(e) Covered Schools Defined.--In this section, the term 
`covered schools' means elementary or secondary schools at 
which the Secretary determines a significant number of 
dependents of members of the armed forces are enrolled.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 2192a the following new item:

``2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
          of armed forces for careers in science, technology, 
          engineering, and mathematics.''.
    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 233 of the Carl Levin and 
Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a note) 
is repealed.

SEC. 212. UPDATES TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 
                    AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT EXPERTS IN SCIENCE AND 
                    ENGINEERING.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(6) Joint artificial intelligence center.--The 
        Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center 
        may carry out a program of personnel management 
        authority provided in subsection (b) in order to 
        facilitate recruitment of eminent experts in science or 
        engineering for the Center. The authority to carry out 
        the program under this paragraph shall terminate on 
        December 31, 2024.''.
    (b) Scope of Appointment Authority.--Subsection (b)(1) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by adding ``and'' at the 
        end; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(F) in the case of the Joint Artificial 
                Intelligence Center, appoint scientists and 
                engineers to a total of not more than 5 
                scientific and engineering positions in the 
                Center;''.
    (c) Extension of Terms of Appointment.--Subsection (c)(2) 
of such section is amended by striking ``or the Defense 
Innovation Unit Experimental'' and inserting ``the Defense 
Innovation Unit, or the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center''.
    (d) Update to Organizational Name.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(5)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading by striking 
                ``DIUX'' and inserting ``DIU''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Experimental''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)(E), by striking 
        ``Experimental''.

SEC. 213. ESTABLISHMENT OF JOINT RESERVE DETACHMENT OF THE DEFENSE 
                    INNOVATION UNIT.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Establishment of joint reserve detachment of 
        the defense innovation unit.--Chapter 139 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by inserting after 
        section 2358a the following new section:

``Sec. 2358b. Joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
may establish a joint reserve detachment (referred to in this 
section as the `Detachment') composed of members of the reserve 
components described in subsection (b) to be assigned to each 
office of the Defense Innovation Unit to--
            ``(1) support engagement and collaboration with 
        private-sector industry and the community surrounding 
        the location of such office; and
            ``(2) to accelerate the use and adoption of 
        commercially-developed technologies for national 
        security purposes.
    ``(b) Members.--Each Secretary of a military department 
shall select for the Detachment, and make efforts to retain, 
members of the reserve components who possess relevant private-
sector experience in the fields of business, acquisition, 
intelligence, engineering, technology transfer, science, 
mathematics, program management, logistics, cybersecurity, or 
such other fields as determined by the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering.
    ``(c) Duties.--The Detachment shall have the following 
duties:
            ``(1) Providing the Department of Defense with--
                    ``(A) expertise on and analysis of 
                commercially-developed technologies;
                    ``(B) commercially-developed technologies 
                to be used as alternatives for technologies in 
                use by the Department; and
                    ``(C) opportunities for greater engagement 
                and collaboration between the Department and 
                private-sector industry on innovative 
                technologies.
            ``(2) On an ongoing basis--
                    ``(A) partnering with the military 
                departments, the combatant commands, and other 
                Department of Defense organizations to--
                            ``(i) identify and rapidly 
                        prototype commercially-developed 
                        technologies; and
                            ``(ii) use alternative contracting 
                        mechanisms to procure such 
                        technologies;
                    ``(B) increasing awareness of--
                            ``(i) the work of the Defense 
                        Innovation Unit; and
                            ``(ii) the technology requirements 
                        of the Department of Defense as 
                        identified in the National Defense 
                        Science and Technology Strategy 
                        developed under section 218 of the John 
                        S. McCain National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
                        (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679); 
                        and
                    ``(C) using the investment in research and 
                development made by private-sector industry in 
                assessing and developing dual-use technologies.
            ``(3) Carrying out other activities as directed by 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
    ``(d) Joint Duty.--Assignment to a Detachment shall not 
qualify as a joint duty assignment, as defined in section 
668(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, unless approved by 
the Secretary of Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 2358a the following 
        new item:

``2358b. Joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit.''.
    (b) Implementation Report.--Not later than 120 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering, in consultation with the 
Director of the Defense Innovation Unit and the Secretaries of 
the military departments, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report that includes--
            (1) an organizational plan and the estimated costs 
        for establishing the joint reserve detachment required 
        under section 2358b of title 10, United States Code (as 
        added by subsection (a)); and
            (2) a timeline specifying when such detachment will 
        attain initial operational capability and full 
        operational capability, respectively.

SEC. 214. RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES FOR 
                    HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND 
                    MINORITY-SERVING INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

    Section 2362 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as 
        subsections (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(d) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense may develop 
incentives to encourage research and educational collaborations 
between covered educational institutions and other institutions 
of higher education.''.

SEC. 215. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR PRIZES FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY 
                    ACHIEVEMENTS.

    Section 2374a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment,''.

SEC. 216. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.

    Section 218 of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the program 
        required under subsection (b), and shall'' and 
        inserting ``the program and activities described in 
        subsections (b) through (f), and shall'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as 
        subsections (d) through (f), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
        new subsection (c):
    ``(c) University Expertise.--
            ``(1) Arrangement with institutions of higher 
        education.--Using the authority specified in section 
        217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 
        note) or another similar authority, the Office shall 
        seek to enter into an arrangement with one or more 
        institutions of higher education (as defined in section 
        101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1001)) under which such institutions may provide the 
        Office with--
                    ``(A) access to research, technology 
                development, and workforce development 
                expertise to support the mission of the Office; 
                and
                    ``(B) foundational and applied hypersonic 
                research, development, and workforce support in 
                areas that the Office determines to be relevant 
                for the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Availability of information.--The Office 
        shall ensure that the results of any research and 
        reports produced pursuant to an arrangement under 
        paragraph (1) are made available to the Federal 
        Government, the private sector, academia, and 
        international partners consistent with appropriate 
        security classification guidance.'';
            (4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking the comma 
                before the period; and
                    (B) in paragraph (5), by striking 
                ``certified under subsection (e) as being 
                consistent with the roadmap under subsection 
                (d)'' and inserting ``certified under 
                subsection (f) as being consistent with the 
                roadmap under subsection (e)'';
            (5) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, by 
        adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Submittal to congress.--
                    ``(A) Initial submission.--Not later than 
                180 days after the date of the enactment of 
                this paragraph, the Secretary of Defense shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees 
                the most recent roadmap developed under 
                paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Subsequent submissions.--The 
                Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees each roadmap 
                revised under paragraph (1) together with the 
                budget submitted to Congress under section 1105 
                of title 31, United States Code, for the fiscal 
                year concerned.''; and
            (6) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``subsection (d)'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``subsection 
                (e)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2016'' 
                and inserting ``2026''.

SEC. 217. MODIFICATION OF PROOF OF CONCEPT COMMERCIALIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension of Program.--Section 1603(g) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-
66; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by striking ``2019'' and 
inserting ``2024''.
    (b) Additional Improvements.--Section 1603 of such Act, as 
amended by subsection (a), is further amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``of dual-
        use technology'' after ``commercialization'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``of Dual-Use Technology'' 
                after ``Commercialization''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``with a focus on priority 
                defense technology areas that attract public 
                and private sector funding, as well as private 
                sector investment capital, including from 
                venture capital firms in the United States,'' 
                before ``in accordance'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(4)(A)(iv), by inserting ``, 
        which may include access to venture capital'' after 
        ``award'';
            (4) by striking subsection (d);
            (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
        (d);
            (6) by inserting after subsection (d), as so 
        redesignated, the following new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretary may use the following authorities:
            ``(1) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United 
        States Code, relating to public-private talent 
        exchanges.
            ``(2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to 
        Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering 
        Partnerships.
            ``(3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to 
        prizes for advanced technology achievements.
            ``(4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to 
        Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence.
            ``(5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
        Manufacturing Technology Program.
            ``(6) Section 225 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-
        91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note).
            ``(7) Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 
        10 U.S.C. 2505 note), relating to a pilot program on 
        strengthening manufacturing in the defense industrial 
        base.
            ``(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
        Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 
        6305 of title 31, United States Code, relating to 
        cooperative research and development agreements.''.
            (7) by striking subsection (f); and
            (8) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
        (f).

SEC. 218. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY AND ADDITION OF TECHNOLOGY AREAS 
                    FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT.

    (a) Modification of Authority.--Subsection (a)(1) of 
section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended by striking ``The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
through the secretaries of the military departments, 
establish'' and inserting ``Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall direct the 
secretaries of the military departments to establish''.
    (b) Additional Technology Areas.--Subsection (e) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (27) as paragraph 
        (30); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (26) the following 
        new paragraph (27):
            ``(27) Rapid prototyping.
            ``(28) Infrastructure resilience.
            ``(29) Hypersonics.''.

SEC. 219. EXPANSION OF COORDINATION IN SUPPORT OF NATIONAL SECURITY 
                    INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION.

    Section 225(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(18) The Lab-Embedded Entrepreneurship Programs 
        of the Department of Energy.''.

SEC. 220. MODIFICATION OF DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND 
                    TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``private 
                sector entities'' and inserting ``private 
                sector and international entities''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (6), by striking 
                ``facilities and infrastructure'' and inserting 
                ``facilities, workforce, and infrastructure'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``quantum 
                sciences;'' and inserting ``quantum information 
                sciences, including through consultation with--
                    ``(A) the National Quantum Coordination 
                Office;
                    ``(B) the subcommittee on Quantum 
                Information Science of the National Science and 
                Technology Council;
                    ``(C) other organizations and elements of 
                the Department of Defense;
                    ``(D) other Federal agencies; and
                    ``(E) appropriate private sector 
                organizations;'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) 
                as paragraphs (6) and (7), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2), the 
                following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) in consultation with the entities listed in 
        paragraph (2), develop plans for--
                    ``(A) the development of the quantum 
                information science and technology workforce;
                    ``(B) enhancing awareness of quantum 
                information science and technology;
                    ``(C) reducing the risk of cybersecurity 
                threats posed by quantum information science 
                technology; and
                    ``(D) development of ethical guidelines for 
                the use of quantum information science 
                technology;
            ``(4) in consultation with the National Institute 
        of Standards and Technology and other appropriate 
        Federal entities, develop a quantum information science 
        taxonomy and standards and requirements for quantum 
        information technology;
            ``(5) support efforts to increase the technology 
        readiness level of quantum information science 
        technologies under development in the United States;'';
                    (D) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, 
                by striking ``quantum science'' and inserting 
                ``quantum information science''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, 
                by striking ``for meeting the long-term 
                challenges and achieving the specific technical 
                goals'' and inserting ``for carrying out the 
                program under subsection (a)'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
        (e);
            (4) by inserting afer subsection (c) the following 
        new subsection (d):
    ``(d) Quantum Information Science Research Centers.--The 
Secretary of each military department may establish or 
designate a defense laboratory or establish activities to 
engage with appropriate public and private sector 
organizations, including academic organizations, to enhance and 
accelerate the research, development, and deployment of quantum 
information sciences and quantum information science-enabled 
technologies and systems. The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that not less than one such laboratory or center is established 
or designated.''; and
            (5) in paragraph (2) of subsection (e), as so 
        redesignated--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                ``information'' before ``sciences'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B),
                            (i) by inserting ``information'' 
                        before ``sciences''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``, including a 
                        discussion of likely impacts of quantum 
                        information science and technology on 
                        military capabilities'' before the 
                        period at the end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting 
                ``information'' before ``sciences'';
                    (D) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as 
                subparagraph (F); and
                    (E) by striking subparagraph (D) and 
                inserting the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(D) A description of the activities 
                carried out in accordance with this section, 
                including, for each such activity--
                            ``(i) a roadmap for the activity;
                            ``(ii) a summary of the funding 
                        provided for the activity; and
                            ``(iii) an estimated timeline for 
                        the development and military deployment 
                        of quantum technologies supported 
                        through the activity.
                    ``(E) A description of the efforts of the 
                Department of Defense to update classification 
                and cybersecurity practices relating to quantum 
                technology, including--
                            ``(i) security processes and 
                        requirements for engagement with allied 
                        countries; and
                            ``(ii) a plan for security-cleared 
                        government and contractor workforce 
                        development.''.

SEC. 221. UNDERSTANDING OF INVESTMENTS IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND 
                    DEVELOPMENT OF CAPABILITIES BY ADVERSARIES.

    Section 238(c)(2)(I) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is 
amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                            ``(iii) that appropriate entities 
                        in the Department are reviewing all 
                        open source publications from both the 
                        United States and outside the United 
                        States that contribute to, affect, or 
                        advance--
                                    ``(I) artificial 
                                intelligence research and 
                                development; or
                                    ``(II) the understanding of 
                                the Secretary concerning the 
                                investments by adversaries of 
                                the United States in artificial 
                                intelligence and the 
                                development by such adversaries 
                                of capabilities relating to 
                                artificial intelligence.''.

SEC. 222. ADVISORY ROLE OF JASON SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY GROUP.

    (a) Ongoing Engagement of Certain Scientific Advisory 
Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        seek to engage the members of the independent, private 
        scientific advisory group known as ``JASON'' as 
        advisory personnel to provide advice, on an ongoing 
        basis, on matters involving science, technology, and 
        national security, including methods to defeat 
        existential and technologically-amplified threats to 
        national security.
            (2) Availability to other federal agencies.--At the 
        request of a Federal agency outside the Department of 
        Defense, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to make 
        personnel engaged under paragraph (1) available to such 
        agency for the purpose of providing advice to the 
        agency on the matters described in such subsection.
    (b) Arrangement for Conduct of National Security Studies 
and Analysis.--
            (1) In general.--Pursuant to subsection (a), the 
        Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
        shall seek to enter into an arrangement under which 
        JASON may provide national security research studies 
        and other analyses to the Department of Defense and 
        other Federal agencies to meet mission requirements and 
        agency needs.
            (2) Form of arrangement.--The arrangement entered 
        into under paragraph (1) shall be in a form the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
        determines to be appropriate for the Department of 
        Defense, which may include a contract, a grant, a 
        cooperative agreement, the use of other transaction 
        authority under section 2371 of title 10, United States 
        Code, or another such arrangement.
            (3) Timing of arrangement.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall seek to enter into the arrangement under 
        paragraph (1) not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.
            (4) Terms of arrangement.--The arrangement entered 
        into under paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) if specifically negotiated as part of 
                the arrangement, provide for the Department of 
                Defense to reimburse the entity supporting 
                JASON for all or a portion of the overhead 
                costs incurred in support of the arrangement;
                    (B) allow Federal Government entities 
                outside the Department of Defense with 
                responsibilities relating to national security 
                to seek to engage JASON to perform individual 
                studies relating to national security matters 
                as part of the arrangement; and
                    (C) require that a Federal agency that 
                engages JASON to perform a study under the 
                arrangement will fully fund such study, 
                including a proportional percentage to the 
                total overhead costs incurred under the 
                arrangement.
            (5) Limitation on termination.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense 
                may not terminate the arrangement under 
                paragraph (1) until a period of 180 days has 
                elapsed following the date on which the 
                Secretary--
                            (i) notifies the congressional 
                        defense committees of the intent of the 
                        Secretary to terminate the arrangement; 
                        and
                            (ii) submits the report required 
                        under subparagraph (B).
                    (B) Report required.--
                            (i) In general.--If the Secretary 
                        of Defense determines that the 
                        arrangement under paragraph (1) should 
                        be terminated, the Secretary shall 
                        submit to the congressional defense 
                        committees a report on the proposed 
                        termination of the arrangement.
                            (ii) Elements.--The report required 
                        under clause (i) shall include the 
                        following:
                                    (I) A summary of the 
                                execution of research projects 
                                conducted by JASON over the 
                                four fiscal years preceding the 
                                date of the report, including 
                                the projects requested by the 
                                Department of Defense and the 
                                projects requested by other 
                                Federal agencies.
                                    (II) An analysis of the 
                                costs to the Department of 
                                Defense of maintaining the 
                                arrangement under which JASON 
                                provided national security 
                                research studies, including any 
                                overhead costs incurred by the 
                                Department or shared among 
                                Federal agencies over the four 
                                fiscal years preceding the date 
                                of the report.
                                    (III) A timeline for the 
                                potential transition or 
                                termination of the activities, 
                                functions, and expertise 
                                provided by JASON under the 
                                arrangement.
                                    (IV) An assessment of the 
                                impact that the termination of 
                                the arrangement with JASON will 
                                have on defense research 
                                studies and analytical 
                                capabilities, including a 
                                mitigation plan that identifies 
                                where alternative and 
                                comparable scientific advice 
                                and expertise is available and 
                                a comparison of the costs 
                                associated with each 
                                alternative.
                            (iii) Form of report.--The report 
                        required under clause (i) may be 
                        submitted in unclassified or classified 
                        form.
            (6) Annual summary report.--Not later than March 1 
        of each year beginning after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report that 
        includes--
                    (A) a summary of expenditures made under 
                the arrangement with JASON under paragraph (1); 
                and
                    (B) a summary of the studies and other 
                activities carried out by JASON pursuant to 
                such arrangement in the preceding calendar 
                year.

SEC. 223. DIRECT AIR CAPTURE AND BLUE CARBON REMOVAL TECHNOLOGY 
                    PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
        coordination with the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
        the Secretary of Energy, and the heads of such other 
        Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense considers 
        appropriate, shall carry out a program on research, 
        development, testing, evaluation, study, and 
        demonstration of technologies related to blue carbon 
        capture and direct air capture.
            (2) Program goals.--The goals of the program 
        established under paragraph (1) are as follows:
                    (A) To develop technologies that capture 
                carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to 
                turn such carbon dioxide into clean fuels to 
                enhance fuel and energy security.
                    (B) To develop and demonstrate technologies 
                that capture carbon dioxide from seawater and 
                the air to reuse such carbon dioxide to create 
                products for military uses.
                    (C) To develop direct air capture 
                technologies for use--
                            (i) at military installations or 
                        facilities of the Department of 
                        Defense; or
                            (ii) in modes of transportation by 
                        the Navy or the Coast Guard.
            (3) Phases.--The program established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be carried out in two phases as 
        follows:
                    (A) The first phase shall consist of 
                research and development and shall be carried 
                out as described in subsection (b).
                    (B) The second phase shall consist of 
                testing and evaluation and shall be carried out 
                as described in subsection (c), if the 
                Secretary determines that the results of the 
                research and development phase justify 
                implementing the testing and evaluation phase.
            (4) Designation.--The program established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``Direct Air 
        Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program'' 
        (in this section referred to as the ``Program'').
    (b) Research and Development Phase.--
            (1) In general.--During the research and 
        development phase of the Program, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall conduct research and development in 
        pursuit of the goals set forth in subsection (a)(2).
            (2) Direct air capture.--The research and 
        development phase of the Program may include, with 
        respect to direct air capture, a front end engineering 
        and design study that includes an evaluation of direct 
        air capture designs to produce fuel for use--
                    (A) at military installations or facilities 
                of the Department of Defense; or
                    (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy 
                or the Coast Guard.
            (3) Commencement.--The Secretary shall commence 
        carrying out the research and development phase of the 
        Program not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
            (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out 
        the research and development phase of the Program 
        through the award of grants to private persons and 
        eligible laboratories.
            (5) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the completion of the research and 
        development phase of the Program, the Secretary shall 
        submit to Congress a report on the research and 
        development carried out under the Program.
    (c) Testing and Evaluation Phase.--
            (1) In general.--During the testing and evaluation 
        phase of the Program, the Secretary shall, in pursuit 
        of the goals set forth in subsection (a)(2), conduct 
        tests and evaluations of the technologies researched 
        and developed during the research and development phase 
        of the Program.
            (2) Direct air capture.--The testing and evaluation 
        phase of the Program may include demonstration projects 
        for direct air capture to produce fuels for use--
                    (A) at military installations or facilities 
                of the Department of Defense; or
                    (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy 
                or the Coast Guard.
            (3) Commencement.--Subject to subsection (a)(3)(B), 
        the Secretary shall commence carrying out the testing 
        and evaluation phase of the Program on the date of the 
        completion of the research and development phase 
        described in subsection (b), except that the testing 
        and evaluation phase of the Program with respect to 
        direct air capture may commence at such time after a 
        front end engineering and design study demonstrates to 
        the Secretary that commencement of such phase is 
        appropriate.
            (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out 
        the testing and evaluation phase of the Program through 
        the award of grants to private persons and eligible 
        laboratories.
            (5) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
        testing and evaluation phase of the Program at military 
        installations or facilities of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (6) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 
        2026, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
        on the findings of the Secretary with respect to the 
        effectiveness of the technologies tested and evaluated 
        under the Program.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``blue carbon capture'' means the 
        removal of dissolved carbon dioxide from seawater 
        through engineered or inorganic processes, including 
        filters, membranes, or phase change systems.
            (2)(A) The term ``direct air capture'', with 
        respect to a facility, technology, or system, means 
        that the facility, technology, or system uses carbon 
        capture equipment to capture carbon dioxide directly 
        from the air.
            (B) The term ``direct air capture'' does not 
        include any facility, technology, or system that 
        captures carbon dioxide--
                    (i) that is deliberately released from a 
                naturally occurring subsurface spring; or
                    (ii) using natural photosynthesis.
            (3) The term ``eligible laboratory'' means--
                    (A) a National Laboratory (as defined in 
                section 2 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 
                U.S.C. 15801));
                    (B) a science and technology reinvention 
                laboratory designated under section 1105 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 
                note);
                    (C) the Major Range and Test Facility Base 
                (as defined in section 2358a(f) of title 10, 
                United States Code); or
                    (D) any other facility that supports the 
                research, development, test, and evaluation 
                activities of the Department of Defense or the 
                Department of Energy.

SEC. 224. REQUIRING DEFENSE MICROELECTRONICS PRODUCTS AND SERVICES MEET 
                    TRUSTED SUPPLY CHAIN AND OPERATIONAL SECURITY 
                    STANDARDS.

    (a) Purchases.--To protect the United States from 
intellectual property theft and to ensure national security and 
public safety in the application of new generations of wireless 
network technology and microelectronics, beginning no later 
than January 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that each microelectronics product or service that the 
Department of Defense purchases on or after such date meets the 
applicable trusted supply chain and operational security 
standards established pursuant to subsection (b), except in a 
case in which the Department seeks to purchase a 
microelectronics product or service but--
            (1) no such product or service is available for 
        purchase that meets such standards; or
            (2) no such product or service is available for 
        purchase that--
                    (A) meets such standards; and
                    (B) is available at a price that the 
                Secretary does not consider prohibitively 
                expensive.
    (b) Trusted Supply Chain and Operational Security 
Standards.--
            (1) Standards required.--(A) Not later than January 
        1, 2021, the Secretary shall establish trusted supply 
        chain and operational security standards for the 
        purchase of microelectronics products and services by 
        the Department.
            (B) For purposes of this section, a trusted supply 
        chain and operational security standard--
                    (i) is a standard that systematizes best 
                practices relevant to--
                            (I) manufacturing location;
                            (II) company ownership;
                            (III) workforce composition;
                            (IV) access during manufacturing, 
                        suppliers' design, sourcing, 
                        manufacturing, packaging, and 
                        distribution processes;
                            (V) reliability of the supply 
                        chain; and
                            (VI) other matters germane to 
                        supply chain and operational security; 
                        and
                    (ii) is not a military standard (also known 
                as ``MIL-STD'') or a military specification 
                (also known as ``MIL-SPEC'') for 
                microelectronics that--
                            (I) specifies individual features 
                        for Department of Defense 
                        microelectronics; or
                            (II) otherwise inhibits the 
                        acquisition by the Department of 
                        securely manufactured, commercially-
                        available products.
            (2) Consultation required.--In developing standards 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with 
        the following:
                    (A) The Secretary of Homeland Security, the 
                Secretary of State, the Secretary of Commerce, 
                and the Director of the National Institute of 
                Standards and Technology.
                    (B) Suppliers of microelectronics products 
                and services from the United States and allies 
                and partners of the United States.
                    (C) Representatives of major United States 
                industry sectors that rely on a trusted supply 
                chain and the operational security of 
                microelectronics products and services.
                    (D) Representatives of the United States 
                insurance industry.
            (3) Tiers of trust and levels of security 
        authorized.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary may establish tiers and levels of trust and 
        security within the supply chain and operational 
        security standards for microelectronics products and 
        services.
            (4) General applicability.--The standards 
        established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be, to the 
        greatest extent practicable, generally applicable to 
        the trusted supply chain and operational security needs 
        and use cases of the United States Government and 
        commercial industry, such that the standards could be 
        widely adopted by government agencies, commercial 
        industry, and allies and partners of the United States 
        as the basis for procuring microelectronics products 
        and services.
            (5) Annual review.--Not later than October 1 of 
        each year, the Secretary shall, in consultation with 
        persons and entities set forth under paragraph (2), 
        review the standards established pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) and issue updates or modifications as the Secretary 
        considers necessary or appropriate.
    (c) Ensuring Ability to Sell Commercially.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall, to the 
        greatest extent practicable, ensure that suppliers of 
        microelectronics products and services for the 
        Department of Defense subject to subsection (a) are 
        able and incentivized to sell products commercially and 
        to governments of allies and partners of the United 
        States that are produced on the same production lines 
        as the microelectronics products supplied to the 
        Department of Defense.
            (2) Effect of requirements and acquisitions.--The 
        Secretary shall, to the greatest extent practicable, 
        ensure that the requirements of the Department and the 
        acquisition by the Department of microelectronics 
        enable the success of a dual-use microelectronics 
        industry.
    (d) Maintaining Competition and Innovation.--The Secretary 
shall take such actions as the Secretary considers necessary 
and appropriate, within the Secretary's authorized activities 
to maintain the health of the defense industrial base, to 
ensure that--
            (1) providers of microelectronics products and 
        services that meet the standards established under 
        subsection (b) are exposed to competitive market 
        pressures to achieve competitive pricing and sustained 
        innovation; and
            (2) the industrial base of microelectronics 
        products and services that meet the standards 
        established under subsection (b) includes providers 
        manufacturing in the United States or in countries that 
        are allies or partners of the United States.

SEC. 225. DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION STRATEGY TO PROCURE SECURE, LOW 
                    PROBABILITY OF DETECTION DATA LINK NETWORK 
                    CAPABILITY.

    (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Chief of Naval Operations, 
and the Chief of Staff of the Army shall jointly submit to the 
congressional defense committees a joint development and 
acquisition strategy to procure a secure, low probability of 
detection data link network capability, with the ability to 
effectively operate in hostile jamming environments while 
preserving the low observability characteristics of the 
relevant platforms, including both existing and planned 
platforms.
    (b) Network Characteristics.--The data link network 
capability to be procured pursuant to the development and 
acquisition strategy submitted under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) ensure that any network made with such 
        capability will be low risk and affordable, with 
        minimal impact or change to existing host platforms and 
        minimal overall integration costs;
            (2) use a non-proprietary and open systems approach 
        compatible with the Rapid Capabilities Office Open 
        Mission Systems initiative of the Air Force, the Future 
        Airborne Capability Environment initiative of the Navy, 
        and the Modular Open Systems Architecture initiative of 
        the Army; and
            (3) provide for an architecture to connect, with 
        operationally relevant throughput and latency--
                    (A) fifth-generation combat aircraft;
                    (B) fifth-generation and fourth-generation 
                combat aircraft;
                    (C) fifth-generation and fourth-generation 
                combat aircraft and appropriate support 
                aircraft and other network nodes for command, 
                control, communications, intelligence, 
                surveillance, and reconnaissance purposes; and
                    (D) fifth-generation and fourth-generation 
                combat aircraft and their associated network-
                enabled precision weapons.
    (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act for fiscal year 2020 for operation and maintenance 
for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, for operation 
and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Navy, 
and for operations and maintenance for the Office of the 
Secretary of the Army, not more than 50 percent may be 
obligated or expended until the date that is 15 days after the 
date on which the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Chief of 
Naval Operations, and the Chief of Staff of the Army, 
respectively, submit the development and acquisition strategy 
required by subsection (a).

SEC. 226. ESTABLISHMENT OF SECURE NEXT-GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORK (5G) 
                    INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE NEVADA TEST AND TRAINING 
                    RANGE AND BASE INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) Establishment Required.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall establish secure fifth-generation wireless network 
components and capabilities at no fewer than two Department of 
Defense installations in accordance with this section.
    (b) Installations.--
            (1) Locations.--The Secretary shall establish 
        components and capabilities under subsection (a) at the 
        following:
                    (A) The Nevada Test and Training Range, 
                which shall serve as a Major Range and Test 
                Facility Base (MRTFB) for fifth-generation 
                wireless networking.
                    (B) Such Department installations or other 
                installations as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate for the purpose set forth in 
                paragraph (2).
            (2) Purpose.--The purpose of the establishment of 
        components and capabilities under subsection (a) at the 
        locations described in paragraph (1) of this subsection 
        is to demonstrate the following:
                    (A) The potential military utility of high 
                bandwidth, scalable, and low latency fifth-
                generation wireless networking technology.
                    (B) Advanced security technology that is 
                applicable to fifth-generation networks as well 
                as legacy Department command and control 
                networks.
                    (C) Secure interoperability with fixed and 
                wireless systems (legacy and future systems).
                    (D) Enhancements such as spectrum and 
                waveform diversity, frequency hopping and 
                spreading, and beam forming for military 
                requirements.
                    (E) Technology for dynamic network slicing 
                for specific use cases and applications 
                requiring varying levels of latency, scale, and 
                throughput.
                    (F) Technology for dynamic spectrum sharing 
                and network isolation.
                    (G) Base infrastructure installation of 
                high bandwidth, scalable, and low latency 
                fifth-generation wireless networking 
                technology.
                    (H) Applications for secure fifth-
                generation wireless network capabilities for 
                the Department, such as the following:
                            (i) Interactive augmented reality 
                        or synthetic training environments.
                            (ii) Internet of things devices.
                            (iii) Autonomous systems.
                            (iv) Advanced manufacturing through 
                        the following:
                                    (I) Department-sponsored 
                                centers for manufacturing 
                                innovation (as defined in 
                                section 34(c) of the National 
                                Institute of Standards and 
                                Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 
                                278s(c))).
                                    (II) Department research 
                                and development organizations.
                                    (III) Manufacturers in the 
                                defense industrial base of the 
                                United States.

SEC. 227. ADMINISTRATION OF MANUFACTURING INNOVATION INSTITUTES FUNDED 
                    BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall make such 
changes to the administration of covered institutes so as--
            (1) to encourage covered institutes to leverage 
        existing workforce development programs across the 
        Federal Government and State governments in order to 
        build successful workforce development programs;
            (2) to develop metrics to evaluate the workforce 
        development performed by the covered institutes, 
        including metrics on job quality, career pathways, 
        wages and benefits, and efforts to support veterans, 
        and progress in aligning workforce skillsets with the 
        current and long-term needs of the Department of 
        Defense and the defense industrial base;
            (3) to allow metrics to vary between covered 
        institutes and be updated and evaluated continuously in 
        order to more accurately evaluate covered institutes 
        with different goals and missions;
            (4) to encourage covered institutes to consider 
        developing technologies that were previously funded by 
        Federal Government investment for early-stage research 
        and development and expand cross-government 
        coordination and collaboration to achieve this goal;
            (5) to provide an opportunity for increased 
        Department of Defense input and oversight from senior-
        level military and civilian personnel on future 
        technology roadmaps produced by covered institutes;
            (6) to reduce the barriers to collaboration between 
        and among multiple covered institutes;
            (7) to use contracting vehicles that can increase 
        flexibility, reduce barriers for contracting with 
        subject-matter experts and small and medium 
        enterprises, enhance partnerships between covered 
        institutes, and reduce the time to award contracts at 
        covered institutes; and
            (8) to overcome barriers to the adoption of 
        manufacturing processes and technologies developed by 
        the covered institutes by the defense and commercial 
        industrial base, particularly small and medium 
        enterprises, by engaging with public and private sector 
        partnerships and appropriate government programs and 
        activities, including the Hollings Manufacturing 
        Extension Partnership.
    (b) Coordination With Other Activities.--The Secretary 
shall carry out this section in coordination with activities 
undertaken under--
            (1) the Manufacturing Technology Program 
        established under section 2521 of title 10, United 
        States Code;
            (2) the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program 
        established under section 2196 of such title;
            (3) the Defense Manufacturing Community Support 
        Program established under section 846 of the John S. 
        McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232);
            (4) manufacturing initiatives of the Secretary of 
        Commerce, the head of the National Office of the 
        Manufacturing USA Network, the Secretary of Energy, and 
        such other government and private sector organizations 
        as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate; and
            (5) such other activities as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.
    (c) Definition of Covered Institute.--In this section, the 
term ``covered institute'' means a manufacturing innovation 
institute that is funded by the Department of Defense.

SEC. 228. RESEARCH PROGRAM ON FOREIGN MALIGN INFLUENCE OPERATIONS.

    (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, may carry out a research program on foreign malign 
influence operations as part of the university research 
programs of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Program Objectives.--The objectives of a research 
program carried out under subsection (a) should include the 
following:
            (1) Enhance the understanding of foreign malign 
        influence operations, including activities conducted on 
        social media platforms.
            (2) Facilitate the analysis of publicly available 
        or voluntarily provided indicators of foreign malign 
        influence operations.
            (3) Promote collaborative research and information 
        exchange with relevant entities within the Department 
        of Defense and with other agencies or nongovernmental 
        organizations relating to foreign malign influence 
        operations, as appropriate.
    (c) Notice to Congress.--Not later than 30 days before 
initiating a research program under subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees notice of the intent of the Secretary to initiate 
such a program, which shall include--
            (1) a detailed description of the program and any 
        related research activities;
            (2) the estimated cost and duration of the program; 
        and
            (3) any other matters the Secretary determines to 
        be relevant.

SEC. 229. DIVERSIFICATION OF THE RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING WORKFORCE OF 
                    THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering and in consultation with the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall 
        conduct an assessment of critical skillsets required 
        across, and the diversity of, the research and 
        engineering workforce of the Department of Defense, 
        including the science and technology reinvention 
        laboratories, to support emerging and future warfighter 
        technologies.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph 
        (1) shall include analysis of the following:
                    (A) The percentage of women and minorities 
                employed in the research and engineering 
                workforce of the Department of Defense as of 
                the date of the assessment.
                    (B) Of the individuals hired into the 
                research and engineering workforce of the 
                Department in the five years preceding the date 
                of the assessment, the percentage of such 
                individuals who are women and minorities.
                    (C) The effectiveness of existing hiring, 
                recruitment, and retention incentives for women 
                and minorities in the research and engineering 
                workforce of the Department.
                    (D) The effectiveness of the Department in 
                recruiting women and minorities into the 
                laboratory workforce after such individuals 
                complete work on Department-funded research, 
                projects, grant projects, fellowships, and STEM 
                programs.
                    (E) The geographical diversity of the 
                workforce across various geographic regions.
    (b) Plan Required.--
            (1) In general.--Based on the results of the 
        assessment conducted under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
        in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, shall develop and implement a plan to 
        diversify and strengthen the research and engineering 
        workforce of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    (A) align with science and technology 
                strategy priorities of the Department of 
                Defense, including the emerging and future 
                warfighter technology requirements identified 
                by the Department;
                    (B) except as provided in subsection 
                (c)(2), set forth steps for the implementation 
                of each recommendation included in the 2013 
                report of the RAND corporation titled ``First 
                Steps Toward Improving DoD STEM Workforce 
                Diversity'';
                    (C) harness the full range of the 
                Department's STEM programs and other Department 
                sponsored programs to develop and attract top 
                talent;
                    (D) use existing authorities to attract and 
                retain students, academics, and other talent;
                    (E) establish and use contracts, 
                agreements, or other arrangements with 
                institutions of higher education (as defined in 
                section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                (20 U.S.C. 1001)), including historically black 
                colleges and universities and other minority-
                serving institutions (as described in section 
                371(a) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)) to 
                enable easy and efficient access to research 
                and researchers for Government sponsored basic 
                and applied research and studies at each 
                institution, including contracts, agreements, 
                and other authorized arrangements such as those 
                authorized under--
                            (i) section 217 of the National 
                        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                        Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
                        2358 note); and
                            (ii) such other authorities as the 
                        Secretary determines to be appropriate; 
                        and
                    (F) include recommendations for changes in 
                authorities, regulations, policies, or any 
                other relevant areas that would support the 
                achievement of the goals set forth in the plan.
            (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than one year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report that includes--
                    (A) the plan developed under paragraph (1); 
                and
                    (B) with respect to each recommendation 
                described in paragraph (2)(B) that the 
                Secretary has implemented or expects to 
                implement--
                            (i) a summary of actions that have 
                        been taken to implement the 
                        recommendation; and
                            (ii) a schedule, with specific 
                        milestones, for completing the 
                        implementation of the recommendation.
    (c) Deadline for Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), not later than 18 months after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act the Secretary of Defense shall 
        carry out activities to implement the plan developed 
        under subsection (b).
            (2) Exception for implementation of certain 
        recommendations.--
                    (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary 
                of Defense may commence implementation of a 
                recommendation described in subsection 
                (b)(2)(B) after the date specified in paragraph 
                (1) if the Secretary provides the congressional 
                defense committees with a specific 
                justification for the delay in implementation 
                of such recommendation on or before such date.
                    (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of 
                Defense may opt not to implement a 
                recommendation described in subsection 
                (b)(2)(B) if the Secretary provides to the 
                congressional defense committees, on or before 
                the date specified in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) a specific justification for 
                        the decision not to implement the 
                        recommendation; and
                            (ii) a summary of the alternative 
                        actions the Secretary plans to take to 
                        address the issues underlying the 
                        recommendation.
    (d) STEM Defined.--In this section, the term ``STEM'' means 
science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

SEC. 230. POLICY ON THE TALENT MANAGEMENT OF DIGITAL EXPERTISE AND 
                    SOFTWARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Policy.--
            (1) In general.--It shall be a policy of the 
        Department of Defense to promote and maintain digital 
        expertise and software development as core competencies 
        of civilian and military workforces of the Department, 
        and as a capability to support the National Defense 
        Strategy, which policy shall be achieved by--
                    (A) the recruitment, development, and 
                incentivization of retention in and to the 
                civilian and military workforce of the 
                Department of individuals with aptitude, 
                experience, proficient expertise, or a 
                combination thereof in digital expertise and 
                software development;
                    (B) at the discretion of the Secretaries of 
                the military departments, the development and 
                maintenance of civilian and military career 
                tracks related to digital expertise, and 
                related digital competencies for members of the 
                Armed Forces, including the development and 
                maintenance of training, education, talent 
                management, incentives, and promotion policies 
                in support of members at all levels of such 
                career tracks; and
                    (C) the development and application of 
                appropriate readiness standards and metrics to 
                measure and report on the overall capability, 
                capacity, utilization, and readiness of digital 
                engineering professionals to develop and 
                deliver operational capabilities and employ 
                modern business practices.
            (2) Digital engineering defined.--For purposes of 
        this section, the term ``digital engineering'' means 
        the discipline and set of skills involved in the 
        creation, processing, transmission, integration, and 
        storage of digital data, including data science, 
        machine learning, software engineering, software 
        product management, and artificial intelligence product 
        management.
    (b) Implementation Plan.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a plan 
that describes how the Department of Defense will execute the 
policy described in subsection (a).
    (c) Responsibility.--
            (1) Appointment of officer.--Not later than 270 
        days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense may appoint a civilian official 
        responsible for the development and implementation of 
        the policy and implementation plan set forth in 
        subsections (a) and (b), respectively. The official 
        shall be known as the ``Chief Digital Engineering 
        Recruitment and Management Officer of the Department of 
        Defense''.
            (2) Expiration of appointment.--The appointment of 
        the Officer under paragraph (1) shall expire on 
        September 30, 2024.

SEC. 231. DIGITAL ENGINEERING CAPABILITY TO AUTOMATE TESTING AND 
                    EVALUATION.

    (a) Digital Engineering Capability.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish a digital engineering capability to be used--
                    (A) for the development and deployment of 
                digital engineering models for use in the 
                defense acquisition process; and
                    (B) to provide testing infrastructure and 
                software to support automated approaches for 
                testing, evaluation, and deployment throughout 
                the defense acquisition process.
            (2) Requirements.--The capability developed under 
        subsection (a) shall meet the following requirements:
                    (A) The capability will be accessible to, 
                and useable by, individuals throughout the 
                Department of Defense who have responsibilities 
                relating to capability design, development, 
                testing, evaluation, and operation.
                    (B) The capability will provide for the 
                development, validation, use, curation, and 
                maintenance of technically accurate digital 
                systems, models of systems, subsystems, and 
                their components, at the appropriate level of 
                fidelity to ensure that test activities 
                adequately simulate the environment in which a 
                system will be deployed.
                    (C) The capability will include software to 
                automate testing throughout the program life 
                cycle, including to satisfy developmental test 
                requirements and operational test requirements. 
                Such software may be developed in accordance 
                with the authorities provided under section 
                800, and shall support--
                            (i) security testing that includes 
                        vulnerability scanning and penetration 
                        testing performed by individuals, 
                        including threat-based red team 
                        exploitations and assessments with 
                        zero-trust assumptions; and
                            (ii) high-confidence distribution 
                        of software to the field on a time-
                        bound, repeatable, frequent, and 
                        iterative basis.
    (b) Demonstration Activities.--
            (1) In general.--In developing the capability 
        required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
        shall carry out activities to demonstrate digital 
        engineering approaches to automated testing that--
                    (A) enable continuous software development 
                and delivery;
                    (B) satisfy developmental test requirements 
                for the software-intensive programs of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (C) satisfy operational test and evaluation 
                requirements for such programs.
            (2) Program selection.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall assess and select not fewer 
        than four and not more than ten programs of the 
        Department of Defense to participate in the 
        demonstration activities under paragraph (1), 
        including--
                    (A) at least one program participating in 
                the pilot program authorized under section 873 
                of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
                2223a note);
                    (B) at least one program participating in 
                the pilot program authorized under section 874 
                of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
                note);
                    (C) at least one major defense acquisition 
                program (as defined in section 2430 of title 
                10, United States Code);
                    (D) at least one command and control 
                program;
                    (E) at least one defense business system 
                (as defined in section 2222(i) of title 10, 
                United States Code); and
                    (F) at least one program from each military 
                service.
            (3) Additional requirements.--As part of the 
        demonstration activities under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A) conduct a comparative analysis that 
                assesses the risks and benefits of the digital 
                engineering supported automated testing 
                approaches of the programs participating in the 
                demonstration activities relative to 
                traditional testing approaches that are not 
                supported by digital engineering;
                    (B) ensure that the intellectual property 
                strategy for each of the programs participating 
                in the demonstration activities is best aligned 
                to meet the goals of the program; and
                    (C) develop a workforce and infrastructure 
                plan to support any new policies and guidance 
                implemented in connection with the 
                demonstration activities, including any 
                policies and guidance implemented after the 
                completion of such activities.
    (c) Policies and Guidance Required.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, based on the 
results of the demonstration activities carried out under 
subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall issue or modify 
policies and guidance to--
            (1) promote the use of digital engineering 
        capabilities for development and for automated testing; 
        and
            (2) address roles, responsibilities, and procedures 
        relating to such capabilities.
    (d) Steering Committee.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish a steering committee to assist the Secretary 
        in carrying out subsections (a) through (c).
            (2) Membership.--The steering committee shall be 
        composed of the following members or their designees:
                    (A) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Research and Engineering.
                    (B) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment.
                    (C) The Chief Information Officer.
                    (D) The Director of Operational Test and 
                Evaluation.
                    (E) The Director of Cost Assessment and 
                Program Evaluation.
                    (F) The Service Acquisition Executives.
                    (G) The Service testing commands.
                    (H) The Director of the Defense Digital 
                Service.
    (e) Reports Required.--
            (1) Implementation.--Not later than March 15, 2020, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the 
        progress of the Secretary in implementing subsections 
        (a) through (c). The report shall include an 
        explanation of how the results of the demonstration 
        activities carried out under subsection (b) will be 
        incorporated into the policy and guidance required 
        under subsection (c), particularly the policy and 
        guidance of the members of the steering committee 
        established under subsection (d).
            (2) Legislative recommendations.--Not later than 
        October 15, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing that identifies any changes to existing law 
        that may be necessary to facilitate the implementation 
        of subsections (a) through (c).
    (f) Independent Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2021, the 
        Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board 
        shall jointly complete an independent assessment of the 
        progress of the Secretary in implementing subsections 
        (a) through (c). The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
        that the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense 
        Science Board have access to the resources, data, and 
        information necessary to complete the assessment.
            (2) Information to congress.--Not later than 30 
        days after the date on which the assessment under 
        paragraph (1) is completed, the Defense Innovation 
        Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly 
        provide to the congressional defense committees--
                    (A) a report summarizing the assessment; 
                and
                    (B) a briefing on the findings of the 
                assessment.

SEC. 232. PROCESS TO ALIGN POLICY FORMULATION AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGY 
                    DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Alignment of Policy and Technological Development.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a process to 
ensure that the policies of the Department of Defense relating 
to emerging technology are formulated and updated continuously 
as such technology is developed by the Department.
    (b) Elements.--As part of the process established under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) specify the role of each covered official in 
        ensuring that the formulation of policies relating to 
        emerging technology is carried out concurrently with 
        the development of such technology; and
            (2) incorporate procedures for the continuous legal 
        review of--
                    (A) weapons and other defense systems that 
                incorporate or use emerging technology; and
                    (B) treaties that may be affected by such 
                technology.
    (c) Briefing Required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary of Defense establishes the process 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide to 
the congressional defense committees a briefing on such 
process.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered official'' means the 
        following:
                    (A) The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
                Staff.
                    (B) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Research and Engineering.
                    (C) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment.
                    (D) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Policy.
                    (E) The commanders of combatant commands 
                with responsibilities involving the use of 
                weapons or other defense systems that 
                incorporate or use emerging technology, as 
                determined by the Secretary of Defense.
                    (F) The Secretaries of the military 
                departments.
            (2) The term ``emerging technology'' means 
        technology determined to be in an emerging phase of 
        development by the Secretary of Defense, including 
        quantum computing, technology for the analysis of large 
        and diverse sets of data (commonly known as ``big data 
        analytics''), artificial intelligence, autonomous 
        technology, robotics, directed energy, hypersonics, 
        biotechnology, and such other technology as may be 
        identified by the Secretary.

SEC. 233. IMPROVEMENT OF THE STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE OF THE 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Organization.--
            (1) Authority of deputy secretary of defense.--The 
        Deputy Secretary of Defense shall exercise authority 
        and direction over the Strategic Capabilities Office of 
        the Department of Defense (referred to in this section 
        as the ``Office'').
            (2) Authority of director.--The Director of the 
        Office shall report directly to the Deputy Secretary of 
        Defense.
            (3) Delegation.--In exercising authority and 
        direction over the Office under subsection (a), the 
        Deputy Secretary of Defense may delegate 
        administrative, management, and other duties to the 
        Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
        Agency, as needed, to effectively and efficiently 
        execute the mission of the Office.
    (b) Cross-functional Teams.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary 
        of Defense shall establish the following cross-
        functional teams to improve the effectiveness of the 
        Office:
                    (A) A transition cross-functional team to 
                improve the efficiency and effectiveness with 
                which the programs of the Office may be 
                transitioned into--
                            (i) research and development 
                        programs of the military services and 
                        other agencies of the Department of 
                        Defense; and
                            (ii) programs of such services and 
                        agencies in operational use.
                    (B) A technical cross functional team to 
                improve the continuous technical assessment and 
                review of the programs of the Office during 
                program selection and execution.
            (2) Membership.--The Deputy Secretary of Defense 
        shall select individuals to serve on the cross-
        functional teams described in paragraph (1) from among 
        individuals in the defense research and engineering 
        enterprise, acquisition community, Joint Staff, 
        combatant commands, and other organizations, as 
        determined to be appropriate by the Deputy Secretary.

SEC. 234. PILOT PROGRAM ON ENHANCED CIVICS EDUCATION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Education, shall carry out a pilot 
program under which the Secretary provides enhanced educational 
support and funding to eligible entities to improve civics 
education programs taught by such entities.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot program is to 
provide enhanced civics education on the following topics:
            (1) Critical thinking and media literacy.
            (2) Voting and other forms of political and civic 
        engagement.
            (3) Interest in employment, and careers, in public 
        service.
            (4) Understanding of United States law, history, 
        and Government.
            (5) The ability of participants to collaborate and 
        compromise with others to solve problems.
    (c) Considerations.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
Secretary of Defense shall consider innovative approaches for 
improving civics education.
    (d) Metrics and Evaluations.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish metrics and undertake evaluations to determine 
the effectiveness of the pilot program, including each of the 
activities carried out under subsection (e).
    (e) Types of Support Authorized.--Under the pilot program 
the Secretary of Defense--
            (1) shall provide support to eligible entities to 
        address, at a minimum--
                    (A) the development or modification of 
                curricula relating to civics education;
                    (B) classroom activities, thesis projects, 
                individual or team projects, internships, or 
                community service activities relating to 
                civics;
                    (C) collaboration with government entities, 
                nonprofit organizations, or consortia of such 
                entities and organizations to provide 
                participants with civics-related experiences;
                    (D) civics-related faculty development 
                programs;
                    (E) recruitment of educators who are highly 
                qualified in civics education to teach civics 
                or to assist with the development of curricula 
                for civics education;
                    (F) presentation of seminars, workshops, 
                and training for the development of skills 
                associated with civic engagement;
                    (G) activities that enable participants to 
                interact with government officials and 
                entities;
                    (H) expansion of civics education programs 
                and outreach for members of the Armed Forces, 
                dependents and children of such members, and 
                employees of the Department of Defense; and
                    (I) opportunities for participants to 
                obtain work experience in fields relating to 
                civics; and
            (2) may provide any other form of support the 
        Secretary determines to be appropriate to enhance the 
        civics education taught by eligible entities.
    (f) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the conclusion 
of the first full academic year during which the pilot program 
is carried out, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes--
            (1) a description of the pilot program, including 
        the a description of the specific activities carried 
        out under subsection (e); and
            (2) the metrics and evaluations used to assess the 
        effectiveness of the program as required under 
        subsection (d).
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``civics education program'' means an 
        educational program that provides participants with--
                    (A) knowledge of law, government, and the 
                rights of citizens; and
                    (B) skills that enable participants to 
                responsibly participate in democracy.
            (2) The term ``eligible entity'' means any of 
        following:
                    (A) A local education agency that hosts a 
                unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
                Corps.
                    (B) A school operated by the Department of 
                Defense Education Activity.

SEC. 235. TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP.

    (a) Fellowship Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, may establish a civilian fellowship 
        program designed to place eligible individuals within 
        the Department of Defense and Congress to increase the 
        number of national security professionals with science, 
        technology, engineering, and mathematics credentials 
        employed by the Department.
            (2) Designation.--The fellowship program 
        established under paragraph (1) shall be known as the 
        ``Technology and National Security Fellowship'' (in 
        this section referred to as the ``fellows program'').
            (3) Assignments.--Each individual selected for 
        participation in the fellows program shall be assigned 
        to a one year position within--
                    (A) the Department of Defense; or
                    (B) a congressional office with emphasis on 
                defense and national security matters.
            (4) Pay and benefits.--To the extent practicable, 
        each individual assigned to a position under paragraph 
        (3)--
                    (A) shall be compensated at a rate of basic 
                pay that is equivalent to the rate of basic pay 
                payable for a position at level 10 of the 
                General Schedule; and
                    (B) shall be treated as an employee of the 
                United States during the assignment.
    (b) Eligible Individuals.--
            (1) Eligibility for dod assignment.--Subject to 
        subsection (e), an individual eligible for an 
        assignment in the Department of Defense under 
        subsection (a)(3)(A) is an individual who--
                    (A) is a citizen of the United States; and
                    (B) either--
                            (i) expects to be awarded a 
                        bachelor's degree, associate's degree, 
                        or graduate degree that, as determined 
                        by the Secretary, focuses on science, 
                        technology, engineering, or mathematics 
                        course work not later than 180 days 
                        after the date on which the individual 
                        submits an application for 
                        participation in the fellows program;
                            (ii) possesses a bachelor's degree, 
                        associate's degree, or graduate degree 
                        that, as determined by the Secretary, 
                        focuses on science, technology, 
                        engineering, or mathematics course 
                        work; or
                            (iii) is an employee of the 
                        Department of Defense and possesses a 
                        bachelor's degree, associate's degree, 
                        or graduate degree that, as determined 
                        by the Secretary, focuses on science, 
                        technology, engineering, or mathematics 
                        course work.
            (2) Eligibility for congressional assignment.--
        Subject to subsection (e), an individual eligible for 
        an assignment in a congressional office under 
        subsection (a)(3)(B) is an individual who--
                    (A) meets the requirements specified in 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) has not less than 3 years of relevant 
                work experience in the field of science, 
                technology, engineering, or mathematics.
    (c) Application.--Each individual seeking to participate in 
the fellows program shall submit to the Secretary an 
application therefor at such time and in such manner as the 
Secretary shall specify.
    (d) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretary may consider working through the following entities:
            (1) The National Security Innovation Network.
            (2) Universities.
            (3) Science and technology reinvention laboratories 
        and test and evaluation centers of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (4) Other organizations of the Department of 
        Defense or public and private sector organizations, as 
        determined appropriate by the Secretary.
    (e) Modifications to Fellows Program.--The Secretary may 
modify the terms and procedures of the fellows program in order 
to better achieve the goals of the program and to support 
workforce needs of the Department of Defense.
    (f) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult with the heads 
of the agencies, components, and other elements of the 
Department of Defense, Members and committees of Congress, and 
such institutions of higher education and private entities 
engaged in work on national security and emerging technologies 
as the Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of the 
fellows program, including with respect to assignments in the 
fellows program.

SEC. 236. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO THE ADVANCED BATTLE MANAGEMENT 
                    SYSTEM.

    (a) Documentation Required.--Not later than the date 
specified in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
following documentation relating to the Advanced Battle 
Management System:
            (1) A list that identifies each program, project, 
        and activity that contributes to the architecture of 
        the Advanced Battle Management System.
            (2) The final analysis of alternatives for the 
        Advanced Battle Management System.
            (3) The requirements for the networked data 
        architecture necessary for the Advanced Battle 
        Management System to provide multidomain command and 
        control and battle management capabilities and a 
        development schedule for such architecture.
    (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection 
is the earlier of--
            (1) the date that is 180 days after the date on 
        which the final analysis of alternatives for the 
        Advanced Battle Management System is completed; or
            (2) June 1, 2020.
    (c) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' means 
the Advanced Battle Management System of Systems capability of 
the Air Force, including each program, project, and activity 
that contributes to such capability.

SEC. 237. SENSOR DATA INTEGRATION FOR FIFTH GENERATION AIRCRAFT.

    (a) F-35 Sensor Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that--
            (1) information collected by the passive and active 
        on-board sensors of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter 
        aircraft is capable of being shared, in real time, with 
        joint service users in cases in which the Joint Force 
        Commander determines that sharing such information 
        would be operationally advantageous; and
            (2) the Secretary has developed achievable, 
        effective, and suitable concepts and supporting 
        technical architectures to collect, store, manage, and 
        disseminate information collected by such sensors.
    (b) GAO Study and Report.--
            (1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall conduct a study of the sensor data 
        collection and dissemination capability of fifth 
        generation aircraft of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include an assessment of the following--
                    (A) the extent to which the Department has 
                established doctrinal, organizational, or 
                technological methods of managing the large 
                amount of sensor data that is currently 
                collected and which may be collected by 
                existing and planned advanced fifth generation 
                aircraft;
                    (B) the status of the existing sensor data 
                collection, storage, dissemination, and 
                management capability and capacity of fifth 
                generation aircraft, including the F-35, the F-
                22, and the B-21; and
                    (C) the ability of the F-35 aircraft and 
                other fifth generation aircraft to share 
                information collected by the aircraft in real-
                time with other joint service users as 
                described in subsection (a)(1).
            (3) Study results.--
                    (A) Interim briefing.--Not later than 180 
                days after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act, the Comptroller General shall provide to 
                the congressional defense committees a briefing 
                on the preliminary findings of the study 
                conducted under this subsection.
                    (B) Final results.--The Comptroller General 
                shall provide the final results of the study 
                conducted under this subsection to the 
                congressional defense committees at such time 
                and in such format as is mutually agreed upon 
                by the committees and the Comptroller General 
                at the time of the briefing under subparagraph 
                (A).

SEC. 238. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FUTURE VERTICAL LIFT TECHNOLOGIES.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Army should continue 
to invest in research, development, test, and evaluation 
programs to mature future vertical lift technologies, including 
programs to improve pilot situational awareness, increase 
flight operations safety, and reduce operation and maintenance 
costs.

SEC. 239. USE OF FUNDS FOR STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAM, 
                    ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY TECHNICAL CERTIFICATION 
                    PROGRAM, AND OPERATIONAL ENERGY CAPABILITY 
                    IMPROVEMENT.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
2020 for the use of the Department of Defense for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding 
table in section 4201 for the Strategic Environmental Research 
Program, Operational Energy Capability Improvement, and the 
Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, the 
Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, expend amounts as 
follows:
            (1) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development 
        and demonstration of long duration on-site energy 
        battery storage for distributed energy assets.
            (2) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
        demonstration, and validation of non-fluorine based 
        firefighting foams.
            (3) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
        demonstration, and validation of secure microgrids for 
        both installations and forward operating bases.
            (4) Not less than $1,000,000 on the development, 
        demonstration, and validation of technologies that can 
        harvest potable water from air.

SEC. 240. LIMITATION AND REPORT ON INDIRECT FIRE PROTECTION CAPABILITY 
                    INCREMENT 2 CAPABILITY.

    (a) Limitation and Report on Indirect Fire Protection 
Capability Increment 2.--Not more than 50 percent of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Army may be obligated or 
expended for research, development, test, and evaluation for 
the Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 capability 
until the Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the Indirect Fire Protection 
Capability Increment 2 program that contains the following:
            (1) An assessment of whether the requirements 
        previously established for the enduring program meet 
        the anticipated threat at the time of planned initial 
        operating capability and fully operating capability.
            (2) A list of candidate systems considered to meet 
        the Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 
        enduring requirement, including those fielded or in 
        development by the Army and other elements of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (3) An assessment of each candidate system's 
        capability against representative threats.
            (4) An assessment of other relevant specifications 
        of each candidate system, including cost of 
        development, cost per round if applicable, 
        technological maturity, and logistics and sustainment.
            (5) A plan for how the Army will integrate the 
        chosen system or systems into the Integrated Air and 
        Missile Defense Battle Command System.
            (6) An assessment of the results of the 
        performance, test, evaluation, integration, and 
        interoperability of batteries one and two of the 
        interim solution.
    (b) Notification Required.--Not later than 10 days after 
the date on which the President submits the annual budget 
request of the President for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to 
section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of 
the Defense shall, without delegation, submit to the 
congressional defense committees a notification identifying the 
military services or agencies that will be responsible for the 
conduct of air and missile defense in support of joint 
campaigns as it applies to defense against current and emerging 
missile threats. The notification shall identify the applicable 
programs of record to address such threats, including each 
class of cruise missile threat.

             Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

SEC. 251. MASTER PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
                    SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION LABORATORIES.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, jointly with 
the Secretaries of the military departments and in consultation 
with the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, shall develop a master plan for using existing 
authorities to strengthen and modernize the workforce and 
capabilities of the science and technology reinvention 
laboratories of the Department of Defense (referred to in this 
section as the ``laboratories'') to enhance the ability of the 
laboratories to execute missions in the most efficient and 
effective manner.
    (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection 
(a) shall include, with respect to the laboratories, the 
following:
            (1) A summary of hiring and staffing deficiencies 
        at laboratories, by location, and the effect of such 
        deficiencies on the ability of the laboratories--
                    (A) to meet existing and future 
                requirements of the Department of Defense; and
                    (B) to recruit and retain qualified 
                personnel.
            (2) A summary of existing and emerging military 
        research, development, test, and evaluation mission 
        areas requiring the use of the laboratories.
            (3) An explanation of the laboratory staffing 
        capabilities required for each mission area identified 
        under paragraph (2).
            (4) Identification of specific projects, including 
        hiring efforts and management reforms, that will be 
        carried out--
                    (A) to address the deficiencies identified 
                in paragraph (1); and
                    (B) to support the existing and emerging 
                mission areas identified in paragraph (2).
            (5) For each project identified under paragraph 
        (4)--
                    (A) a summary of the plan for the project;
                    (B) a description of the resources that 
                will be applied to the project; and
                    (C) a schedule of required investments that 
                will be made as part of the project.
            (6) A description of how the Department, including 
        each military department concerned, will carry out the 
        projects identified in paragraph (4) using existing 
        authorities.
            (7) Identification of any statutory, regulatory, or 
        management-related barriers to implementing the master 
        plan and a description of policy and legislative 
        options that may be applied to address such barriers.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing the master plan required 
under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries 
of the military departments, and the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Research and Engineering shall consult with--
            (1) the Service Acquisition Executives with 
        responsibilities relevant to the laboratories;
            (2) the commander of each military command with 
        responsibilities relating to research and engineering 
        that is affected by the master plan; and
            (3) any other officials determined to be relevant 
        by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the 
        military departments, and the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering.
    (d) Final Report.--Not later than October 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense, jointly with the Secretaries of the 
military departments and in consultation with the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) the master plan developed under subsection (a);
            (2) a report on the activities carried out under 
        this section; and
            (3) a report that identifies any barriers that 
        prevent the full use and implementation of existing 
        authorities, including any barriers presented by the 
        policies, authorities, and activities of--
                    (A) organizations and elements of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (B) organizations outside the Department.

SEC. 252. INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND 
                    EVALUATION MISSIONS.

    (a) Master Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering and in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
military departments, shall develop and implement a master plan 
that addresses the research, development, test, and evaluation 
infrastructure and modernization requirements of the Department 
of Defense, including the science and technology reinvention 
laboratories and the facilities of the Major Range and Test 
Facility Base.
    (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection 
(a) shall include, with respect to the research, development, 
test, and evaluation infrastructure of the Department of 
Defense, the following:
            (1) A summary of deficiencies in the 
        infrastructure, by location, and the effect of the 
        deficiencies on the ability of the Department--
                    (A) to meet current and future military 
                requirements identified in the National Defense 
                Strategy;
                    (B) to support science and technology 
                development and acquisition programs; and
                    (C) to recruit and train qualified 
                personnel.
            (2) A summary of existing and emerging military 
        research, development, test, and evaluation mission 
        areas, by location, that require modernization 
        investments in the infrastructure--
                    (A) to improve operations in a manner that 
                may benefit all users;
                    (B) to enhance the overall capabilities of 
                the research, development, test, and evaluation 
                infrastructure, including facilities and 
                resources;
                    (C) to improve safety for personnel and 
                facilities; and
                    (D) to reduce the long-term cost of 
                operation and maintenance.
            (3) Identification of specific infrastructure 
        projects that are required to address the 
        infrastructure deficiencies identified under paragraph 
        (1) or to support the existing and emerging mission 
        areas identified under paragraph (2).
            (4) For each project identified under paragraph 
        (3)--
                    (A) a description of the scope of work;
                    (B) a cost estimate;
                    (C) a summary of the plan for the project;
                    (D) an explanation of the level of priority 
                that will be given to the project; and
                    (E) a schedule of required infrastructure 
                investments.
            (5) A description of how the Department, including 
        each military department concerned, will carry out the 
        infrastructure projects identified in paragraph (3) 
        using the range of authorities and methods available to 
        the Department, including--
                    (A) military construction authority under 
                section 2802 of title 10, United States Code;
                    (B) unspecified minor military construction 
                authority under section 2805(a) of such title;
                    (C) laboratory revitalization authority 
                under section 2805(d) of such title;
                    (D) the authority to carry out facility 
                repair projects, including the conversion of 
                existing facilities, under section 2811 of such 
                title;
                    (E) the authority provided under the 
                Defense Laboratory Modernization Pilot Program 
                under section 2803 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
                Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note);
                    (F) methods that leverage funding from 
                entities outside the Department, including 
                public-private partnerships, enhanced use 
                leases and real property exchanges;
                    (G) the authority to conduct commercial 
                test and evaluation activities at a Major Range 
                and Test Facility Installation, under section 
                2681 of title 10, United States Code; and
                    (H) any other authorities and methods 
                determined to be appropriate by the Secretary 
                of Defense.
            (6) Identification of any regulatory or policy 
        barriers to the effective and efficient implementation 
        of the master plan.
    (c) Consultation and Coordination.--In developing and 
implementing the plan required under subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) consult with existing and anticipated customers 
        and users of the capabilities of the Major Range and 
        Test Facility Base and science and technology 
        reinvention laboratories;
            (2) ensure consistency with the science and 
        technology roadmaps and strategies of the Department of 
        Defense and the Armed Forces; and
            (3) ensure consistency with the strategic plan for 
        test and evaluation resources required by section 
        196(d) of title 10, United States Code.
    (d) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than January 1, 2021, 
the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries 
of the military departments, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees the master plan developed under subsection 
(a).
    (e) Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation 
Infrastructure Defined.--In this section, the term ``research, 
development, test, and evaluation infrastructure'' means the 
infrastructure of--
            (1) the science and technology reinvention 
        laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
        (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
            (2) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as 
        defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United 
        States Code); and
            (3) other facilities that support the research 
        development, test, and evaluation activities of the 
        Department.

SEC. 253. ENERGETICS PLAN.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering shall, in coordination with the 
technical directors at defense laboratories and such other 
officials as the Under Secretary considers appropriate, develop 
an energetics research and development plan to ensure a long-
term multi-domain research, development, prototyping, and 
experimentation effort that--
            (1) maintains United States technological 
        superiority in energetics technology critical to 
        national security;
            (2) efficiently develops new energetics 
        technologies and transitions them into operational use, 
        as appropriate; and
            (3) maintains a robust industrial base and 
        workforce to support Department of Defense requirements 
        for energetic materials.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall brief the 
congressional defense committees on the plan developed under 
subsection (a).

SEC. 254. STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR FIFTH GENERATION 
                    INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
develop--
            (1) a strategy for harnessing fifth generation 
        (commonly known as ``5G'') information and 
        communications technologies to enhance military 
        capabilities, maintain a technological advantage on the 
        battlefield, and accelerate the deployment of new 
        commercial products and services enabled by 5G networks 
        throughout the Department of Defense; and
            (2) a plan for implementing the strategy developed 
        under paragraph (1).
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following elements:
            (1) Adoption and use of secure fourth generation 
        (commonly known as ``4G'') communications technologies 
        and the transition to advanced and secure 5G 
        communications technologies for military applications 
        and for military infrastructure.
            (2) Science, technology, research, and development 
        efforts to facilitate the advancement and adoption of 
        5G technology and new uses of 5G systems, subsystems, 
        and components, including--
                    (A) 5G testbeds for developing military and 
                dual-use applications; and
                    (B) spectrum-sharing technologies and 
                frameworks.
            (3) Strengthening engagement and outreach with 
        industry, academia, international partners, and other 
        departments and agencies of the Federal Government on 
        issues relating to 5G technology and the deployment of 
        such technology, including development of a common 
        industrial base for secure microelectronics.
            (4) Defense industrial base supply chain risk, 
        management, and opportunities.
            (5) Preserving the ability of the Joint Force to 
        achieve objectives in a contested and congested 
        spectrum environment.
            (6) Strengthening the ability of the Joint Force to 
        conduct full spectrum operations that enhance the 
        military advantages of the United States.
            (7) Securing the information technology and weapon 
        systems of the Department against malicious activity.
            (8) Advancing the deployment of secure 5G networks 
        nationwide.
            (9) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
        determines to be relevant.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing the strategy and 
implementation plan required under subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall consult with the following:
            (1) The Chief Information Officer of the Department 
        of Defense.
            (2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
            (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
        and Sustainment.
            (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Intelligence.
            (5) Service Acquisition Executives of each military 
        service.
    (d) Periodic Briefings.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2020, and 
        not less frequently than once every three months 
        thereafter through March 15, 2022, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall provide to the congressional defense 
        committees a briefing on the development and 
        implementation of the strategy required under 
        subsection (a), including an explanation of how the 
        Department of Defense--
                    (A) is using secure 5G wireless network 
                technology;
                    (B) is reshaping the Department's policy 
                for producing and procuring secure 
                microelectronics; and
                    (C) is working in the interagency and 
                internationally to develop common policies and 
                approaches.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) 
        shall include information on--
                    (A) efforts to ensure a secure supply chain 
                for 5G wireless network equipment and 
                microelectronics;
                    (B) the continued availability of 
                electromagnetic spectrum for warfighting needs;
                    (C) planned implementation of 5G wireless 
                network infrastructure in warfighting networks, 
                base infrastructure, defense-related 
                manufacturing, and logistics;
                    (D) steps taken to work with allied and 
                partner countries to protect critical networks 
                and supply chains; and
                    (E) such other topics as the Secretary of 
                Defense considers relevant.

SEC. 255. DEPARTMENT-WIDE SOFTWARE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY.

    (a) Designation of Senior Official.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering and in consultation with the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and 
appropriate public and private sector organizations, shall 
designate a single official or existing entity within the 
Department of Defense as the official or entity (as the case 
may be) with principal responsibility for guiding the 
development of science and technology activities related to 
next generation software and software reliant systems for the 
Department, including--
            (1) research and development activities on new 
        technologies for the creation of highly secure, 
        scalable, reliable, time-sensitive, and mission-
        critical software;
            (2) research and development activities on new 
        approaches and tools to software development and 
        deployment, testing, integration, and next generation 
        software management tools to support the rapid 
        insertion of such software into defense systems;
            (3) foundational scientific research activities to 
        support advances in software;
            (4) technical workforce and infrastructure to 
        support defense science and technology and software 
        needs and mission requirements;
            (5) providing capabilities, including technologies, 
        systems, and technical expertise to support improved 
        acquisition of software reliant business and 
        warfighting systems; and
            (6) providing capabilities, including technologies, 
        systems, and technical expertise to support defense 
        operational missions which are reliant on software.
    (b) Development of Strategy.--The official or entity 
designated under subsection (a) shall develop a Department-wide 
strategy for the research and development of next generation 
software and software reliant systems for the Department of 
Defense, including strategies for--
            (1) types of software-related activities within the 
        science and technology portfolio of the Department;
            (2) investment in new approaches to software 
        development and deployment, and next generation 
        management tools;
            (3) ongoing research and other support of academic, 
        commercial, and development community efforts to 
        innovate the software development, engineering, and 
        testing process, automated testing, assurance and 
        certification for safety and mission critical systems, 
        large scale deployment, and sustainment;
            (4) to the extent practicable, implementing or 
        continuing the implementation of the recommendations 
        set forth in--
                    (A) the final report of the Defense 
                Innovation Board submitted to the congressional 
                defense committees under section 872 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1497);
                    (B) the final report of the Defense Science 
                Board Task Force on the Design and Acquisition 
                of Software for Defense Systems described in 
                section 868 of the John S. McCain National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
                (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2223 note); and
                    (C) other relevant studies on software 
                research, development, and acquisition 
                activities of the Department of Defense.
            (5) supporting the acquisition, technology 
        development, testing, assurance, and certification and 
        operational needs of the Department through the 
        development of capabilities, including personnel and 
        research and production infrastructure, and programs 
        in--
                    (A) the science and technology reinvention 
                laboratories (as designated under section 1105 
                of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 
                2358 note));
                    (B) the facilities of the Major Range and 
                Test Facility Base (as defined in section 
                2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code);
                    (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
                Agency; and
                    (D) universities, federally funded research 
                and development centers, and service 
                organizations with activities in software 
                engineering; and
            (6) the transition of relevant capabilities and 
        technologies to relevant programs of the Department, 
        including software-reliant cyber-physical systems, 
        tactical systems, enterprise systems, and business 
        systems.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the official or entity 
designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees the strategy developed under 
subsection (b).

SEC. 256. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE EDUCATION STRATEGY.

    (a) Strategy Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop a strategy for educating servicemembers in 
        relevant occupational fields on matters relating to 
        artificial intelligence.
            (2) Elements.--The strategy developed under 
        subsection (a) shall include a curriculum designed to 
        give servicemembers a basic knowledge of artificial 
        intelligence. The curriculum shall include instruction 
        in--
                    (A) artificial intelligence design;
                    (B) software coding;
                    (C) potential military applications for 
                artificial intelligence;
                    (D) the impact of artificial intelligence 
                on military strategy and doctrine;
                    (E) artificial intelligence decisionmaking 
                via machine learning and neural networks;
                    (F) ethical issues relating to artificial 
                intelligence;
                    (G) the potential biases of artificial 
                intelligence;
                    (H) potential weakness in artificial 
                intelligence technology;
                    (I) opportunities and risks; and
                    (J) any other matters the Secretary of 
                Defense determines to be relevant.
    (b) Implementation Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop a plan for implementing the strategy developed under 
subsection (a).
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 270 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) the strategy developed under subsection (a); 
        and
            (2) the implementation plan developed under 
        subsection (b).

SEC. 257. CYBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES ROADMAP AND REPORTS.

    (a) Roadmap for Science and Technology Activities to 
Support Development of Cyber Capabilities.--
            (1) Roadmap required.--The Secretary of Defense, 
        acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, shall develop a roadmap for 
        science and technology activities of the Department of 
        Defense to support development of cyber capabilities to 
        meet Department needs and missions.
            (2) Goal of consistency.--The Secretary shall 
        develop the roadmap required by paragraph (1) to ensure 
        consistency with appropriate Federal interagency, 
        industry, and academic activities.
            (3) Scope.--The roadmap required by paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    (A) cover the development of capabilities 
                that will likely see operational use within the 
                next 25 years or earlier; and
                    (B) address cyber operations and 
                cybersecurity.
            (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the 
        roadmap required by paragraph (1) in consultation with 
        the following:
                    (A) The Chief Information Officer of the 
                Department.
                    (B) The secretaries and chiefs of the 
                military departments.
                    (C) The Director of Operational Test and 
                Evaluation.
                    (D) The Commander of the United States 
                Cyber Command.
                    (E) The Director of the National Security 
                Agency.
                    (F) The Director of the Defense Information 
                Systems Agency.
                    (G) The Director of the Defense Advanced 
                Research Projects Agency.
                    (H) The Director of the Defense Digital 
                Service.
                    (I) Such interagency partners as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate.
            (5) Form.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap 
        required by paragraph (1) in unclassified form, but may 
        include a classified annex.
            (6) Publication.--The Secretary shall make 
        available to the public the unclassified form of the 
        roadmap developed pursuant to paragraph (1).
    (b) Annual Report on Cyber Science and Technology 
Activities.--
            (1) Annual reports required.--In fiscal years 2021, 
        2022, and 2023, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the 
        science and technology activities within the Department 
        of Defense relating to cyber matters during the 
        previous fiscal year, the current fiscal year, and the 
        following fiscal year.
            (2) Contents.--Each report submitted pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall include, for the period covered by 
        the report, a description and listing of the science 
        and technology activities of the Department relating to 
        cyber matters, including the following:
                    (A) Extramural science and technology 
                activities.
                    (B) Intramural science and technology 
                activities.
                    (C) Major and minor military construction 
                activities.
                    (D) Major prototyping and demonstration 
                programs.
                    (E) A list of agreements and activities to 
                transition capabilities to acquisition 
                activities, including--
                            (i) national security systems;
                            (ii) business systems; and
                            (iii) enterprise and network 
                        systems.
                    (F) Efforts to enhance the national 
                technical cybersecurity workforce, including 
                specific programs to support education, 
                training, internships, and hiring.
                    (G) Efforts to perform cooperative 
                activities with international partners.
                    (H) Efforts under the Small Business 
                Innovation Research and the Small Business 
                Technology Transfer Program, including 
                estimated amounts to be expected in the 
                following fiscal year.
                    (I) Efforts to encourage partnerships 
                between the Department of Defense and 
                universities participating in the National 
                Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber 
                Operations and Cyber Defense.
            (3) Timing.--Each report submitted pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall be submitted concurrently with the 
        annual budget request of the President submitted 
        pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States 
        Code.
            (4) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
        include a classified annex.

SEC. 258. REPORT ON B-52 COMMERCIAL ENGINE REPLACEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Documentation Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the B-52 commercial engine replacement program of the Air 
Force.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) The acquisition strategy of the Secretary for 
        the program.
            (2) The cost and schedule estimates of the 
        Secretary for the program.
            (3) The key performance parameters or equivalent 
        requirements document for the program.
            (4) The test and evaluation strategy of the 
        Secretary for the program.
            (5) The logistics strategy of the Secretary for the 
        program.
            (6) The post-production fielding strategy of the 
        Secretary for the program.
            (7) An assessment of the potential for the 
        commercial engine replacement to achieve nuclear system 
        certification.
    (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
for the Air Force, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
submits to the congressional defense committees the report 
required by subsection (a).

SEC. 259. COMMERCIAL EDGE COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES AND BEST PRACTICES FOR 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WARFIGHTING SYSTEMS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on commercial edge 
computing technologies and best practices for Department of 
Defense warfighting systems.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) Identification of initial warfighting system 
        programs of record that will benefit most from 
        accelerated insertion of commercial edge computing 
        technologies and best practices, resulting in 
        significant near-term improvement in system performance 
        and mission capability.
            (2) The plan of the Department of Defense to 
        provide additional funding for the systems identified 
        in paragraph (1) to achieve fielding of accelerated 
        commercial edge computing technologies before or during 
        fiscal year 2021.
            (3) The plan of the Department to identify, manage, 
        and provide additional funding for commercial edge 
        computing technologies more broadly over the next four 
        fiscal years where appropriate for--
                    (A) command, control, communications, and 
                intelligence systems;
                    (B) logistics systems; and
                    (C) other mission-critical systems.
            (4) A detailed description of the policies, 
        procedures, budgets, and accelerated acquisition and 
        contracting mechanisms of the Department for near-term 
        insertion of commercial edge computing technologies and 
        best practices into military mission-critical systems.

SEC. 260. BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER.

    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act and biannually thereafter 
through the end of 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report on the Joint 
Artificial Intelligence Center (referred to in this section as 
the ``Center'').
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) Information relating to the mission and 
        objectives of the Center.
            (2) A description of the National Mission 
        Initiatives, Component Mission Initiatives, and any 
        other initiatives of the Center, including a 
        description of--
                    (A) the activities carried out under the 
                initiatives;
                    (B) any investments made or contracts 
                entered into under the initiatives; and
                    (C) the progress of the initiatives.
            (3) A description of how the Center has sought to 
        leverage lessons learned, share best practices, avoid 
        duplication of efforts, and transition artificial 
        intelligence research efforts into operational 
        capabilities by--
                    (A) collaborating with other organizations 
                and elements of the Department of Defense, 
                including the Defense Agencies and the military 
                departments; and
                    (B) deconflicting the activities of the 
                Center with the activities of other 
                organizations and elements of the Department.
            (4) A description of any collaboration between--
                    (A) the Center and the private sector, 
                national laboratories, and academia; and
                    (B) the Center and international allies and 
                partners.
            (5) The total number of military, contractor, and 
        civilian personnel who are employed by the Center, 
        assigned to the Center, and performing functions in 
        support of the Center.
            (6) A description of the organizational structure 
        and staffing of the Center.
            (7) A detailed description of the frameworks, 
        metrics, and capabilities established to measure the 
        effectiveness of the Center and the Center's 
        investments in the National Mission Initiatives and 
        Component Mission Initiatives.
            (8) A description of any new policies, standards, 
        or guidance relating to artificial intelligence that 
        have been issued by the Chief Information Officer of 
        the Department.
            (9) Identification of any ethical guidelines 
        applicable to the use of artificial intelligence by the 
        Department.
            (10) A description of any steps taken by the Center 
        to protect systems that use artificial intelligence 
        from any attempts to misrepresent or alter information 
        used or provided by artificial intelligence.
    (c) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' 
means the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the 
Department of Defense established pursuant to section 238 of 
the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

SEC. 261. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED FIGHTING VEHICLE 
                    PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than December 1, 2019, 
and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, 
the Assistant Secretary shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
briefing on the progress of the Optionally Manned Fighting 
Vehicle program of the Army.
    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
program, the following elements:
            (1) An overview of funding for the program, 
        including identification of--
                    (A) any obligations and expenditures that 
                have been made under the program; and
                    (B) any obligations and expenditures that 
                are planned for the program.
            (2) An overview of the program schedule.
            (3) An assessment of the status of the program with 
        respect to--
                    (A) the development and approval of 
                technical requirements;
                    (B) technological maturity;
                    (C) testing;
                    (D) delivery; and
                    (E) program management.
            (4) Any other matters that the Assistant Secretary 
        considers relevant to a full understanding of the 
        status and plans of the program.
    (c) Assistant Secretary Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Assistant Secretary'' means the Assistant Secretary of the 
Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology (or the 
designee of the Assistant Secretary), in consultation with the 
Commander of the Army Futures Command (or the designee of the 
Commander).

SEC. 262. NATIONAL STUDY ON DEFENSE RESEARCH AT HISTORICALLY BLACK 
                    COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER MINORITY 
                    INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
enter into an agreement with the National Academies of 
Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (referred to in this 
section as the ``National Academies'') under which the National 
Academies will conduct a study on the status of defense 
research at covered institutions and the methods and means 
necessary to advance research capacity at covered institutions 
to comprehensively address the national security and defense 
needs of the United States.
    (b) Designation.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
shall be known as the ``National Study on Defense Research At 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority 
Institutions''.
    (c) Elements.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
shall include an examination of each of the following:
            (1) The degree to which covered institutions are 
        successful in competing for and executing Department of 
        Defense contracts and grants for defense research.
            (2) Best practices for advancing the capacity of 
        covered institutions to compete for and conduct 
        research programs related to national security and 
        defense.
            (3) The advancements and investments necessary to 
        elevate covered institutions to R2 status or R1 status 
        on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of 
        Higher Education, consistent with the criteria of the 
        classification system.
            (4) The facilities and infrastructure for defense-
        related research at covered institutions as compared to 
        the facilities and infrastructure at institutions 
        classified as R1 status on the Carnegie Classification 
        of Institutions of Higher Education.
            (5) Incentives to attract, recruit, and retain 
        leading research faculty to covered institutions.
            (6) Best practices of institutions classified as R1 
        status on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions 
        of Higher Education, including best practices with 
        respect to--
                    (A) the establishment of a distinct legal 
                entity to--
                            (i) enter into contracts or receive 
                        grants from the Department;
                            (ii) lay the groundwork for future 
                        research opportunities;
                            (iii) develop research proposals;
                            (iv) engage with defense research 
                        funding organizations; and
                            (v) execute the administration of 
                        grants; and
                    (B) determining the type of legal entity, 
                if any, to establish for the purposes described 
                in subparagraph (A).
            (7) The ability of covered institutions to develop, 
        protect, and commercialize intellectual property 
        created through defense-related research.
            (8) The total amount of defense research funding 
        awarded to all institutions of higher education, 
        including covered institutions, through contracts and 
        grants for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2019 and, 
        with respect to each such institution--
                    (A) whether the institution established a 
                distinct legal entity to enter into contracts 
                or receive grants from the Department and, if 
                so, the type of legal entity that was 
                established;
                    (B) the total value of contracts and grants 
                awarded to the institution of higher education 
                for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2019;
                    (C) the overhead rate of the institution of 
                higher education for fiscal year 2019;
                    (D) the institution's classification on the 
                Carnegie Classification of Institutions of 
                Higher Education; and
                    (E) whether the institution qualifies as a 
                covered institution.
            (9) Recommendations for strengthening and enhancing 
        the programs executed under section 2362 of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (10) Recommendations to enhance the capacity of 
        covered institutions to transition research products 
        into defense acquisition programs or commercialization.
            (11) Previous executive or legislative actions by 
        the Federal Government to address imbalances in Federal 
        research funding, including such programs as the 
        Defense Established Program to Stimulate Competitive 
        Research (commonly known as ``DEPSCoR'').
            (12) The effectiveness of the Department in 
        attracting and retaining students specializing in 
        science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
        fields from covered institutions for the Department's 
        programs on emerging capabilities and technologies.
            (13) Recommendations for the development of 
        incentives to encourage research and educational 
        collaborations between covered institutions and other 
        institutions of higher education.
            (14) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
        determines to be relevant to advancing the defense 
        research capacity of covered institutions.
    (d) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the President and the 
        appropriate congressional committees an initial report 
        that includes--
                    (A) the findings of the study conducted 
                under subsection (a); and
                    (B) any recommendations that the National 
                Academies may have for action by the executive 
                branch and Congress to improve the 
                participation of covered institutions in 
                Department of Defense research and any actions 
                that may be carried out to expand the research 
                capacity of such institutions.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than December 31, 
        2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        President and the appropriate congressional committees 
        a comprehensive report on the results of the study 
        required under subsection (a).
            (3) Form of reports.--Each report submitted under 
        this subsection shall be made publicly available.
    (e) Implementation Required.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), not later than March 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall commence implementation of each 
        recommendation included in the final report submitted 
        under subsection (d)(2).
            (2) Exceptions.--
                    (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary 
                of Defense may commence implementation of a 
                recommendation described paragraph (1) later 
                than March 1, 2022, if--
                            (i) the Secretary submits to the 
                        congressional defense committees 
                        written notice of the intent of the 
                        Secretary to delay implementation of 
                        the recommendation; and
                            (ii) includes, as part of such 
                        notice, a specific justification for 
                        the delay in implementing the 
                        recommendation.
                    (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of 
                Defense may elect not to implement a 
                recommendation described in paragraph (1), if--
                            (i) the Secretary submits to the 
                        congressional defense committees 
                        written notice of the intent of the 
                        Secretary not to implement the 
                        recommendation; and
                            (ii) includes, as part of such 
                        notice--
                                    (I) the reasons for the 
                                Secretary's decision not to 
                                implement the recommendation; 
                                and
                                    (II) a summary of 
                                alternative actions the 
                                Secretary will carry out to 
                                address the purposes underlying 
                                the recommendation.
            (3) Implementation plan.--For each recommendation 
        that the Secretary implements under this subsection, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees an implementation plan that includes--
                    (A) a summary of actions that have been, or 
                will be, carried out to implement the 
                recommendation; and
                    (B) a schedule, with specific milestones, 
                for completing the implementation of the 
                recommendation.
    (f) List of Covered Institutions.--The Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Education and 
the Presidents of the National Academies, shall make available 
a list identifying each covered institution examined as part of 
the study under subsection (a). The list shall be made 
available on a publicly accessible website and shall be updated 
not less frequently than once annually until the date on which 
the final report is submitted under subsection (d)(2).
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional 
        committees'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Committee on Health, Education, 
                Labor, and Pensions of the Senate; and
                    (C) the Committee on Education and Labor of 
                the House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``covered institution'' means--
                    (A) a part B institution (as that term is 
                defined in section 322(2) of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061(2)); or
                    (B) any other institution of higher 
                education (as that term is defined in section 
                101 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) at which not 
                less than 50 percent of the total student 
                enrollment consists of students from ethnic 
                groups that are underrepresented in the fields 
                of science and engineering.

SEC. 263. STUDY ON NATIONAL SECURITY EMERGING BIOTECHNOLOGIES FOR THE 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Study Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall direct the Defense Science Board to carry 
        out a study on emerging biotechnologies pertinent to 
        national security.
            (2) Participation.--Participants in the study shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) Such members of the Board as the 
                Chairman of the Board considers appropriate for 
                the study.
                    (B) Such additional temporary members or 
                contracted support as the Secretary--
                            (i) selects from those recommended 
                        by the Chairman for purposes of the 
                        study; and
                            (ii) considers to have significant 
                        technical, policy, or military 
                        expertise.
            (3) Elements.--The study conducted pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A review of the military understanding 
                and relevancy of applications of emerging 
                biotechnologies to national security 
                requirements of the Department of Defense, 
                including--
                            (i) a review of all research and 
                        development relating to emerging 
                        biotechnologies within the Department 
                        of Defense, including areas that demand 
                        further priority and investment;
                            (ii) a review of interagency 
                        cooperation and collaboration on 
                        research and development relating to 
                        emerging biotechnologies between--
                                    (I) the Department;
                                    (II) other departments and 
                                agencies in the Federal 
                                Government; and
                                    (III) appropriate private 
                                sector entities that are 
                                involved in research and 
                                development relating to 
                                emerging biotechnologies;
                            (iii) an assessment of current 
                        biotechnology research in the 
                        commercial sector, institutions of 
                        higher education, the intelligence 
                        community, and civilian agencies of the 
                        Federal Government relevant to critical 
                        Department of Defense applications of 
                        this research;
                            (iv) an assessment of the potential 
                        national security risks of emerging 
                        biotechnologies, including risks 
                        relating to foreign powers advancing 
                        their use of emerging biotechnologies 
                        for military applications and other 
                        purposes faster than the Department; 
                        and
                            (v) an assessment of the knowledge 
                        base of the Department with respect to 
                        emerging biotechnologies, including 
                        scientific expertise and infrastructure 
                        in the Department and the capacity of 
                        the Department to integrate emerging 
                        biotechnologies into its operational 
                        concepts, capabilities, and forces.
                    (B) An assessment of the technical basis 
                within the Department used to inform the 
                intelligence community of the Department's 
                collection and analysis needs relating to 
                emerging biotechnologies.
                    (C) Development of a recommendation on a 
                definition of emerging biotechnologies, as 
                appropriate for the Department.
                    (D) Development of such recommendations as 
                the Board may have for legislative or 
                administrative action relating to national 
                security emerging biotechnologies for the 
                Department.
            (4) Access to information.--The Secretary shall 
        provide the Board with timely access to appropriate 
        information, data, resources, and analysis so that the 
        Board may conduct a thorough and independent analysis 
        as required under this section.
            (5) Report.--(A) Not later than one year after the 
        date on which the Secretary directs the Board to 
        conduct the study pursuant to paragraph (1), the Board 
        shall transmit to the Secretary a final report on the 
        study.
            (B) Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
        the Secretary receives the final report under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees such report and such 
        comments as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (b) Briefing Required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide the congressional defense committees a briefing 
on potential national security risks of emerging 
biotechnologies, including risks relating to foreign powers 
advancing their use of emerging biotechnologies for military 
applications and other purposes faster than the Department.

SEC. 264. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON OPTIMIZING RESOURCES ALLOCATED TO 
                    COMBATING TERRORISM TECHNICAL SUPPORT OFFICE.

    (a) Independent Study.--Not later than 30 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall seek to enter into a contract with a federally funded 
research and development center under which the center will 
conduct a study on the optimal use of resources allocated to 
the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
    (b) Elements of Study.--In carrying out the study referred 
to in subsection (a), the federally funded research and 
development center with which the Secretary enters into a 
contract under such subsection shall--
            (1) evaluate the current mission and organization 
        of the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office and 
        its relation to the objectives outlined in the National 
        Defense Strategy;
            (2) assess the extent to which the activities of 
        the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office are 
        complementary to and coordinated with other relevant 
        activities by other Department of Defense entities, 
        including activities of the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Research and Engineering, the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, United States 
        Special Operations Command, and the military 
        departments; and
            (3) identify opportunities to improve the 
        efficiency and effectiveness of the Combating Terrorism 
        Technical Support Office, including through increased 
        coordination, realignment, or consolidation with other 
        entities of the Department of Defense, if appropriate.
    (c) Submission to Department of Defense.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
federally funded research and development center that conducts 
the study under subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary of 
Defense a report on the results of the study in both classified 
and unclassified form.
    (d) Submission to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
the date on which the Secretary of Defense receives the report 
under subsection (c), the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an unaltered copy of the 
report in both classified and unclassified form, and such 
comments as the Secretary may have with respect to the report.

SEC. 265. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRONIC WARFARE PLANS AND 
                    PROGRAMS.

    (a) Assessment.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and pursuant to the arrangement 
entered into under section 222, the Secretary of Defense shall 
seek to engage the private scientific advisory group known as 
``JASON'' to carry out an independent assessment of electronic 
warfare plans and programs.
    (b) Elements.--In carrying out the assessment under 
subsection (a), JASON shall--
            (1) assess the strategies, programs, order of 
        battle, and doctrine of the Department of Defense 
        related to the electronic warfare mission area and 
        electromagnetic spectrum operations;
            (2) assess the strategies, programs, order of 
        battle, and doctrine of potential adversaries, such as 
        China, Iran, and the Russian Federation, related to the 
        such mission area and operations;
            (3) develop recommendations for improvements to the 
        strategies, programs, and doctrine of the Department of 
        Defense in order to enable the United States to achieve 
        and maintain superiority in the electromagnetic 
        spectrum in future conflicts; and
            (4) develop recommendations for the Secretary of 
        Defense, Congress, and such other Federal entities as 
        JASON considers appropriate, including recommendations 
        for--
                    (A) closing technical, policy, or resource 
                gaps;
                    (B) improving cooperation and appropriate 
                integration within the Department of Defense 
                entities;
                    (C) improving cooperation between the 
                United States and other countries and 
                international organizations as appropriate; and
                    (D) such other important matters identified 
                by JASON that are directly relevant to the 
                strategies of the Department of Defense 
                described in paragraph (3).
    (c) Liaisons.--The Secretary of Defense shall appoint 
appropriate liaisons to JASON to support the timely conduct of 
the services covered by this section.
    (d) Materials.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide 
access to JASON to materials relevant to the services covered 
by this section, consistent with the protection of sources and 
methods and other critically sensitive information.
    (e) Clearances.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
appropriate members and staff of JASON have the necessary 
clearances, obtained in an expedited manner, to conduct the 
services covered by this section.
    (f) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report on the results of the assessment carried out under 
subsection (a), including--
            (1) the results of the assessment with respect to 
        each element described in subsection (b);
            (2) the recommendations developed by JASON pursuant 
        to such subsection.
    (g) Relationship to Other Law.--The assessment required 
under subsection (a) is separate and independent from the 
assessment described in section 255 of the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1705) and shall be carried out without 
regard to any agreement entered into under that section or the 
results of any assessment conducted pursuant to such agreement.

SEC. 266. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO GLOBAL RESEARCH WATCH PROGRAM.

    Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (d)(2), by striking 
        ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering'' both places it appears and inserting 
        ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering'';
            (2) in subsections (d)(3) and (e), by striking 
        ``Assistant Secretary'' both places it appears and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering''; and
            (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``Assistant 
        Secretary'' both places it appears and inserting 
        ``Under Secretary''.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
          projects that may have an adverse impact on military 
          operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants for 
          energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military 
          operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.
Sec. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.
Sec. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
          utility systems serving military installations.
Sec. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
          restoration authorities to include Federal Government 
          facilities used by National Guard.
Sec. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
          production facilities.
Sec. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.
Sec. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete 
          provisions relating to energy.
Sec. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
          health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
          contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic Substances 
          and Disease Registry.
Sec. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
          fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
          film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
          for training exercises.
Sec. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where 
          tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk 
          assessment tool.
Sec. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase 
          military installation resilience.
Sec. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
          weather.
Sec. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
          Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.
Sec. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances or aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to perfluoroalkyl 
          and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other contaminants of 
          concern.
Sec. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination by 
          perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.
Sec. 334. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.
Sec. 335. Data quality review of radium testing conducted at certain 
          locations of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 336. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain 
          costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
          Plant, Minnesota.
Sec. 337. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for 
          increased combat capability through energy optimization.
Sec. 338. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military 
          installations.

 Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

Sec. 341. Short title.
Sec. 342. Definitions.
Sec. 343. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid 
          (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for agricultural 
          purposes.
Sec. 344. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.
Sec. 345. Remediation plan.

                  Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 352. Clarification of authority regarding use of working-capital 
          funds for unspecified minor military construction projects 
          related to revitalization and recapitalization of defense 
          industrial base facilities.
Sec. 353. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
          deployment of naval vessels.
Sec. 354. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
          for arsenals, depots, and plants.
Sec. 355. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 356. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
          equipment.
Sec. 357. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical 
          shipbuilding skills.
Sec. 358. Requirement for military department inter-service depot 
          maintenance.
Sec. 359. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the 
          Department of Defense.

                           Subtitle E--Reports

Sec. 361. Readiness reporting.
Sec. 362. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense 
          Readiness Reporting System Strategic.
Sec. 363. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 364. Report on Runit Dome.
Sec. 365. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
          ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.
Sec. 366. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
          readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and 
          military operations areas.
Sec. 372. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
          adoption of military animals.
Sec. 373. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
          Department of Defense reimbursement rate for transportation 
          services provided to certain non-Department of Defense 
          entities.
Sec. 374. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
          non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 375. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 376. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 377. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
          program.
Sec. 378. Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2020 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities 
and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, not 
otherwise provided for, for operation and maintenance, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. TIMELINE FOR CLEARINGHOUSE REVIEW OF APPLICATIONS FOR ENERGY 
                    PROJECTS THAT MAY HAVE AN ADVERSE IMPACT ON 
                    MILITARY OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

    Section 183a(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``60 days'' and inserting ``75 days''.

SEC. 312. AUTHORITY TO ACCEPT CONTRIBUTIONS OF FUNDS FROM APPLICANTS 
                    FOR ENERGY PROJECTS FOR MITIGATION OF IMPACTS ON 
                    MILITARY OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

    Section 183a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``for a project filed with the Secretary of 
Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49'' and 
inserting ``for an energy project''.

SEC. 313. USE OF PROCEEDS FROM SALE OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.

    Section 2577(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``$2,000,000'' and inserting ``$10,000,000''.

SEC. 314. DISPOSAL OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.

    Section 2577(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In this section, the term `recyclable materials' may 
include any quality recyclable material provided to the 
Department by a State or local government entity, if such 
material is authorized by the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense and identified in the regulations prescribed under 
paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 315. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IMPROVEMENT OF PREVIOUSLY CONVEYED 
                    UTILITY SYSTEMS SERVING MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    Section 2688 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (k) as subsection 
        (l); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following 
        new subsection (k):
    ``(k) Improvement of Conveyed Utility Systems.--In the case 
of a utility system that is conveyed under this section and 
that only provides utility services to a military installation, 
the Secretary concerned may use amounts authorized to be 
appropriated for military construction to improve the 
reliability, resilience, efficiency, physical security, or 
cybersecurity of the utility system.''.

SEC. 316. MODIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL 
                    RESTORATION AUTHORITIES TO INCLUDE FEDERAL 
                    GOVERNMENT FACILITIES USED BY NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) In General.--Section 2707 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e) Authority for National Guard Projects.--
Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section and section 
2701(c)(1) of this title, the Secretary concerned may use funds 
described in subsection (c) to carry out an environmental 
restoration project at a facility in response to 
perfluorooctanoic acid or perfluorooctane sulfonate 
contamination under this chapter or CERCLA.''.
    (b) Definition of Facility.--Section 2700(2) of such title 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The terms'' and inserting ``(A) 
        The terms''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(B) The term `facility' includes real property 
        that is owned by, leased to, or otherwise possessed by 
        the United States at locations at which military 
        activities are conducted under this title or title 32 
        (including real property owned or leased by the Federal 
        Government that is licensed to and operated by a State 
        for training for the National Guard).''.
    (c) Inclusion of Pollutants and Contaminants in 
Environmental Response Actions.--Section 2701(c) of such title 
is amended by inserting ``or pollutants or contaminants'' after 
``hazardous substances'' each place it appears.
    (d) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section, or the 
amendments made by this section, shall affect any requirement 
or authority under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et 
seq.).

SEC. 317. USE OF OPERATIONAL ENERGY COST SAVINGS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                    DEFENSE.

    Section 2912 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection 
        (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (b) or (c), as the 
        case may be,'';
            (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' 
        and inserting ``Except as provided in subsection (c) 
        with respect to operational energy cost savings, the 
        Secretary of Defense'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (d); and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
        new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Use of Operational Energy Cost Savings.--The amount 
that remains available for obligation under subsection (a) that 
relates to operational energy cost savings realized by the 
Department shall be used for the implementation of additional 
operational energy resilience, efficiencies, mission assurance, 
energy conservation, or energy security within the department, 
agency, or instrumentality that realized that savings.''.

SEC. 318. SALE OF ELECTRICITY FROM ALTERNATE ENERGY AND COGENERATION 
                    PRODUCTION FACILITIES.

    Section 2916(b)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``shall be available'' and all that 
        follows and inserting ``shall be provided directly to 
        the commander of the military installation in which the 
        geothermal energy resource is located to be used for--
        ''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
                    ``(i) military construction projects 
                described in paragraph (2) that benefit the 
                military installation where the geothermal 
                energy resource is located; or
                    ``(ii) energy or water security projects 
                that--
                            ``(I) benefit the military 
                        installation where the geothermal 
                        energy resource is located;
                            ``(II) the commander of the 
                        military installation determines are 
                        necessary; and
                            ``(III) are directly coordinated 
                        with local area energy or groundwater 
                        governing authorities.''.

SEC. 319. ENERGY RESILIENCE PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Modification of Annual Energy Management and Resilience 
Report.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
        Readiness'' after ``Mission Assurance'';
            (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        inserting ``The Secretary shall ensure that mission 
        operators of critical facilities provide to personnel 
        of military installations any information necessary for 
        the completion of such report.'' after ``by the 
        Secretary.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``megawatts'' and 
        inserting ``electric and thermal loads''; and
            (4) in paragraph (5), by striking ``megawatts'' and 
        inserting ``electric and thermal loads''.
    (b) Funding for Energy Program Offices.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of 
        the military departments shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report stating 
        whether the program offices specified in paragraph (2) 
        are funded--
                    (A) at proper levels to ensure that the 
                energy resilience requirements of the 
                Department of Defense are met; and
                    (B) at levels that are not less than in any 
                previous fiscal year.
            (2) Program offices specified.--The program offices 
        specified in this paragraph are the following:
                    (A) The Power Reliability Enhancement 
                Program of the Army.
                    (B) The Office of Energy Initiatives of the 
                Army.
                    (C) The Office of Energy Assurance of the 
                Air Force.
                    (D) The Resilient Energy Program Office of 
                the Navy.
            (3) Funding plan.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretaries of the 
                military departments shall include in the 
                report submitted under paragraph (1) a funding 
                plan for the next five fiscal years beginning 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act to 
                ensure that funding levels are, at a minimum, 
                maintained during that period.
                    (B) Elements.--The funding plan under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include, for each fiscal 
                year covered by the plan, an identification of 
                the amounts to be used for the accomplishment 
                of energy resilience goals and objectives.
    (c) Establishment of Targets for Water Use.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall, where life-cycle cost-effective, improve 
water use efficiency and management by the Department of 
Defense, including storm water management, by--
            (1) installing water meters and collecting and 
        using water balance data of buildings and facilities to 
        improve water conservation and management;
            (2) reducing industrial, landscaping, and 
        agricultural water consumption in gallons by two 
        percent annually through fiscal year 2030 relative to a 
        baseline of such consumption by the Department in 
        fiscal year 2010; and
            (3) installing appropriate sustainable 
        infrastructure features on installations of the 
        Department to help with storm water and wastewater 
        management.

SEC. 320. TECHNICAL AND GRAMMATICAL CORRECTIONS AND REPEAL OF OBSOLETE 
                    PROVISIONS RELATING TO ENERGY.

    (a) Technical and Grammatical Corrections.--
            (1) Technical corrections.--Title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in section 2913(c), by striking 
                ``government'' and inserting ``government or''; 
                and
                    (B) in section 2926(d)(1), in the second 
                sentence, by striking ``Defense Agencies'' and 
                inserting ``the Defense Agencies''.
            (2) Grammatical corrections.--Such title is further 
        amended--
                    (A) in section 2922a(d), by striking 
                ``resilience are prioritized and included'' and 
                inserting ``energy resilience are included as 
                critical factors''; and
                    (B) in section 2925(a)(3), by striking 
                ``impacting energy'' and all that follows 
                through the period at the end and inserting 
                ``degrading energy resilience at military 
                installations (excluding planned outages for 
                maintenance reasons), whether caused by on- or 
                off-installation disruptions, including the 
                total number of outages and their locations, 
                the duration of each outage, the financial 
                effect of each outage, whether or not the 
                mission was affected, the downtimes (in minutes 
                or hours) the mission can afford based on 
                mission requirements and risk tolerances, the 
                responsible authority managing the utility, and 
                measures taken to mitigate the outage by the 
                responsible authority.''.
    (b) Clarification of Applicability of Conflicting 
Amendments Made by 2018 Defense Authorization Act.--Section 
2911(e) of such title is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and 
        inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) Opportunities to reduce the current rate of 
        consumption of energy, the future demand for energy, 
        and the requirement for the use of energy.
            ``(2) Opportunities to enhance energy resilience to 
        ensure the Department of Defense has the ability to 
        prepare for and recover from energy disruptions that 
        affect mission assurance on military installations.''; 
        and
            (2) by striking the second paragraph (13).
    (c) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 2926 
        of such title is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 2926. Operational energy''.

            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 173 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 2926 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``2926. Operational energy.''.

SEC. 321. TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND ASSESSMENT ON 
                    HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                    SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER BY 
                    AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY.

    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 
Stat. 1350), as amended by section 315(a) of the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232), is amended by striking ``2019 and 2020'' and 
inserting ``2019, 2020, and 2021''.

SEC. 322. REPLACEMENT OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM WITH 
                    FLUORINE-FREE FIRE-FIGHTING AGENT.

    (a) Use of Fluorine-free Foam at Military Installations.--
            (1) Military specification.--Not later than January 
        31, 2023, the Secretary of the Navy shall publish a 
        military specification for a fluorine-free fire-
        fighting agent for use at all military installations 
        and ensure that such agent is available for use by not 
        later than October 1, 2023.
            (2) Report to congress.--Concurrent with 
        publication of the military specification under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report 
        containing a detailed plan for implementing the 
        transition to a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent by 
        not later than October 1, 2023. The report shall 
        include--
                    (A) a detailed description of the progress 
                of the Department of Defense to identify a 
                fluorine-free fire-fighting agent for use as a 
                replacement fire-fighting agent at military 
                installations;
                    (B) a description of any technology and 
                equipment required to implement the replacement 
                fire-fighting agent;
                    (C) funding requirements, by fiscal year, 
                to implement the replacement fire-fighting 
                agent, including funding for the procurement of 
                a replacement fire-fighting agent, required 
                equipment, and infrastructure improvements;
                    (D) a detailed timeline of remaining 
                required actions to implement such replacement.
    (b) Limitation.--No amount authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be 
obligated or expended after October 1, 2023, to procure fire-
fighting foam that contains in excess of one part per billion 
of perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
    (c) Prohibition on Use.--Fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
foam may not be used at any military installation on or after 
the earlier of the following dates:
            (1) October 1, 2024.
            (2) The date on which the Secretary determines that 
        compliance with the prohibition under this subsection 
        is possible.
    (d) Exemption for Shipboard Use.--Subsections (b) and (c) 
shall not apply to firefighting foam for use solely onboard 
ocean-going vessels.
    (e) Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to the limitations under 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense may waive the 
        prohibition under subsection (c) with respect to the 
        use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam, if, by 
        not later than 60 days prior to issuing the waiver, the 
        Secretary--
                    (A) provides to the congressional defense 
                committees a briefing on the basis for the 
                waiver and the progress to develop and field a 
                fluorine-free fire-fighting agent that meets 
                the military specifications issued pursuant to 
                subsection (a), which includes--
                            (i) detailed data on the progress 
                        made to identify a replacement 
                        fluorine-free fire-fighting agent;
                            (ii) a description of the range of 
                        technology and equipment-based 
                        solutions analyzed to implement 
                        replacement;
                            (iii) a description of the funding, 
                        by fiscal year, applied towards 
                        research, development, test, and 
                        evaluation of replacement firefighting 
                        agents and equipment-based solutions;
                            (iv) a description of any completed 
                        and projected infrastructure changes;
                            (v) a description of acquisition 
                        actions made in support of developing 
                        and fielding the fluorine-free fire-
                        fighting agent;
                            (vi) an updated timeline for the 
                        completion of the transition to use of 
                        the fluorine-free fire-fighting agent; 
                        and
                            (vii) a list of the categories of 
                        installation infrastructure or specific 
                        mobile firefighting equipment sets that 
                        require the waiver along with the 
                        justification;
                    (B) submits to the congressional defense 
                committees certification in writing, that--
                            (i) the waiver is necessary for 
                        either installation infrastructure, 
                        mobile firefighting equipment, or both;
                            (ii) the waiver is necessary for 
                        the protection of life and safety;
                            (iii) no agent or equipment 
                        solutions are available that meet the 
                        military specific issued pursuant to 
                        subsection (a);
                            (iv) the military specification 
                        issued pursuant to subsection (a) is 
                        still valid and does not require 
                        revision; and
                            (v) includes details of the 
                        measures in place to minimize the 
                        release of and exposure to fluorinated 
                        compounds in fluorinated aqueous film-
                        forming foam; and
                    (C) provides for public notice of the 
                waiver.
            (2) Limitation.--The following limitations apply to 
        a waiver issued under this subsection:
                    (A) Such a waiver shall apply for a period 
                that does not exceed one year.
                    (B) The Secretary may extend such a waiver 
                once for an additional period that does not 
                exceed one year, if the requirements under 
                paragraph (1) are met as of the date of the 
                extension of the waiver.
                    (C) The authority to grant a waiver under 
                this subsection may not be delegated below the 
                level of the Secretary of Defense.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``perfluoroalkyl substances'' means 
        aliphatic substances for which all of the H atoms 
        attached to C atoms in the nonfluorinated substance 
        from which they are notionally derived have been 
        replaced by F atoms, except those H atoms whose 
        substitution would modify the nature of any functional 
        groups present.
            (2) The term ``polyfluoroalkyl substances'' means 
        aliphatic substances for which all H atoms attached to 
        at least one (but not all) C atoms have been replaced 
        by F atoms, in such a manner that they contain the 
        perfluoroalkyl moiety CnF2n+1_ (for example, 
        C8F17CH2CH2OH).

SEC. 323. PROHIBITION OF UNCONTROLLED RELEASE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS 
                    FILM-FORMING FOAM AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the uncontrolled release of 
fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam (hereinafter in this 
section referred to as ``AFFF'') at military installations.
    (b) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), 
fluorinated AFFF may be released at military installations as 
follows:
            (1) AFFF may be released for purposes of an 
        emergency response.
            (2) A non-emergency release of AFFF may be made for 
        the purposes of testing of equipment or training of 
        personnel, if complete containment, capture, and proper 
        disposal mechanisms are in place to ensure no AFFF is 
        released into the environment.

SEC. 324. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM FORMING FOAM 
                    FOR TRAINING EXERCISES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the use of 
fluorinated aqueous film forming foam for training exercises at 
military installations.

SEC. 325. REAL-TIME SOUND-MONITORING AT NAVY INSTALLATIONS WHERE 
                    TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OPERATE.

    (a) Monitoring.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct 
real-time sound-monitoring at no fewer than two Navy 
installations and their associated outlying landing fields on 
the west coast of the United States where Navy combat coded F/
A-18, E/A-18G, or F-35 aircraft are based and operate and noise 
contours have been developed through noise modeling. Sound 
monitoring under such study shall be conducted--
            (1) during times of high, medium, and low activity 
        over the course of a 12-month period; and
            (2) along and in the vicinity of flight paths used 
        to approach and depart the selected installations and 
        their outlying landing fields.
    (b) Plan for Additional Monitoring.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
plan for real-time sound monitoring described in subsection (a) 
in the vicinity of training areas predominantly overflown by 
tactical fighter aircraft from the selected installations and 
outlying landing fields, including training areas that consist 
of real property administered by the Federal Government 
(including Department of Defense, Department of Interior, and 
Department of Agriculture), State and local governments, and 
privately owned land with the permission of the owner.
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the monitoring required under subsection 
(a). Such report shall include--
            (1) the results of such monitoring;
            (2) a comparison of such monitoring and the noise 
        contours previously developed with the analysis and 
        modeling methods previously used;
            (3) an overview of any changes to the analysis and 
        modeling process that have been made or are being 
        considered as a result of the findings of such 
        monitoring; and
            (4) any other matters that the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
    (d) Public Availability of Monitoring Results.--The 
Secretary shall make the results of the monitoring required 
under subsection (a) publicly available on a website of the 
Department of Defense.

SEC. 326. DEVELOPMENT OF EXTREME WEATHER VULNERABILITY AND RISK 
                    ASSESSMENT TOOL.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall consult 
with the entities described in subsection (b) to determine 
whether an existing climate vulnerability and risk assessment 
tool is available or can be adapted to be used to quantify the 
risks associated with extreme weather events and the impact of 
such events on networks, systems, installations, facilities, 
and other assets to inform mitigation planning and 
infrastructure development.
    (b) Consultation.--In determining the availability of an 
appropriate tool to use or adapt for use under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall consult with the Administrator of the 
Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the 
Secretary of the Interior, the Administrator of the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Administrator of 
the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Commander of the 
Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator of the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration, a federally funded 
research and development center, and the heads of such other 
relevant Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense 
determines appropriate.
    (c) Best Available Science.--Before choosing a tool for use 
or adaptation for use under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
obtain from a federally funded research and development center 
with which the Secretary has consulted under subsection (b) a 
certification in writing that the tool relies on the best 
publicly available science for the prediction of extreme 
weather risk and effective mitigation of that risk.
    (d) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the implementation 
of this section. Such report shall include--
            (1) in the case that a tool has been chosen under 
        subsection (a) before the date of the submittal of the 
        report, a description of the tool and how such tool 
        will be used by the Department; or
            (2) in the case that the Secretary determines that 
        no available tool meets the requirements of the 
        Department as described in subsection (a) or is readily 
        adaptable for use, a plan for the development of such a 
        tool, including the estimated cost and timeframe for 
        development of such a tool.

SEC. 327. REMOVAL OF BARRIERS THAT DISCOURAGE INVESTMENTS TO INCREASE 
                    MILITARY INSTALLATION RESILIENCE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) identify and seek to remove barriers that 
        discourage investments to increase military 
        installation resilience;
            (2) reform policies and programs that 
        unintentionally increased the vulnerability of systems 
        to related extreme weather events; and
            (3) develop, and update at least once every four 
        years, an adaptation plan to assess how climate impacts 
        affected the ability of the Department of Defense to 
        accomplish its mission, and the short-and long- term 
        actions the Department can take to ensure military 
        installation resilience.
    (b) Military Installation Resilience.--In this section, the 
term ``military installation resilience'' has the meaning given 
such term in section 101(e)(8) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 328. BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RELATING TO EXTREME 
                    WEATHER.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in 
the annual budget submission of the President under section 
1105(a) of title 31, United States Code--
            (1) a dedicated budget line item for adaptation to, 
        and mitigation of, effects of extreme weather on 
        military networks, systems, installations, facilities, 
        and other assets and capabilities of the Department of 
        Defense; and
            (2) an estimate of the anticipated adverse impacts 
        to the readiness of the Department and the financial 
        costs to the Department during the year covered by the 
        budget of the loss of, or damage to, military networks, 
        systems, installations, facilities, and other assets 
        and capabilities of the Department, including loss of 
        or obstructed access to training ranges, as a result 
        extreme weather events.
    (b) Disaggregation of Impacts and Costs.--The estimate 
under subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the adverse readiness 
impacts and financial costs under that subsection by military 
department, Defense Agency, and other component or element of 
the Department.
    (c) Extreme Weather Defined.--In this section, the term 
``extreme weather'' means recurrent flooding, drought, 
desertification, wildfires, and thawing permafrost.

SEC. 329. PROHIBITION ON PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                    SUBSTANCES IN MEALS READY-TO-EAT FOOD PACKAGING.

    (a) Prohibition.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the 
Director of the Defense Logistics Agency shall ensure that any 
food contact substances that are used to assemble and package 
meals ready-to-eat (MREs) procured by the Defense Logistics 
Agency do not contain any perfluoroalkyl substances or 
polyfluoroalkyl substances.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Perfluoroalkyl substance.--The term 
        ``perfluoroalkyl substance'' means a man-made chemical 
        of which all of the carbon atoms are fully fluorinated 
        carbon atoms.
            (2) Polyfluoroalkyl substance.--The term 
        ``polyfluoroalkyl substance'' means a man-made chemical 
        containing a mix of fully fluorinated carbon atoms, 
        partially fluorinated carbon atoms, and nonfluorinated 
        carbon atoms.

SEC. 330. DISPOSAL OF MATERIALS CONTAINING PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                    SUBSTANCES OR AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
when materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
(referred to in this section as ``PFAS'') or aqueous film 
forming foam (referred to in this section as ``AFFF'') are 
disposed--
            (1) all incineration is conducted at a temperature 
        range adequate to break down PFAS chemicals while also 
        ensuring the maximum degree of reduction in emission of 
        PFAS, including elimination of such emissions where 
        achievable;
            (2) all incineration is conducted in accordance 
        with the requirements of the Clean Air Act (42 USC 7401 
        et seq.), including controlling hydrogen fluoride;
            (3) any materials containing PFAS that are 
        designated for disposal are stored in accordance with 
        the requirement under part 264 of title 40, Code of 
        Federal Regulations; and
            (4) all incineration is conducted at a facility 
        that has been permitted to receive waste regulated 
        under subtitle C of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 
        USC 6921 et seq.).
    (b) Scope of Application.--The requirements in subsection 
(a) only apply to all legacy AFFF formulations containing PFAS, 
materials contaminated by AFFF release, and spent filters or 
other PFAS contaminated materials resulting from site 
remediation or water filtration that--
            (1) have been used by the Department of Defense or 
        a military department; or
            (2) are being discarded for disposal by means of 
        incineration by the Department of Defense or a military 
        department; or
            (3) are being removed from sites or facilities 
        owned or operated by the Department of Defense.

SEC. 331. AGREEMENTS TO SHARE MONITORING DATA RELATING TO 
                    PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
                    OTHER CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
enter into agreements with municipalities or municipal drinking 
water utilities located adjacent to military installations 
under which both the Secretary and the municipalities and 
utilities would share monitoring data relating to 
perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, and 
other emerging contaminants of concern collected at the 
military installation.
    (b) Publicly Available Website.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall maintain a publicly available website that provides a 
clearinghouse for information about the exposure of members of 
the Armed Forces, their families, and their communities to per- 
and polyfluoroalkyl substances. The information provided on the 
website shall include information on testing, clean-up, and 
recommended available treatment methodologies.
    (c) Public Communication.--An agreement under subsection 
(a) does not negate the responsibility of the Secretary to 
communicate with the public about drinking water contamination 
from perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, and 
other contaminants.
    (d) Military Installation Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``military installation'' has the meaning given that term 
in section 2801(c) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 332. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH STATES TO ADDRESS CONTAMINATION 
                    BY PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    (a) Cooperative Agreements.--
            (1) In general.--Upon request from the Governor or 
        chief executive of a State, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall work expeditiously, pursuant to section 2701(d) 
        of title 10, United States Code, to finalize a 
        cooperative agreement, or amend an existing cooperative 
        agreement to address testing, monitoring, removal, and 
        remedial actions relating to the contamination or 
        suspected contamination of drinking, surface, or ground 
        water from PFAS originating from activities of the 
        Department of Defense by providing the mechanism and 
        funding for the expedited review and approval of 
        documents of the Department related to PFAS 
        investigations and remedial actions from an active or 
        decommissioned military installation, including a 
        facility of the National Guard.
            (2) Minimum standards.--A cooperative agreement 
        finalized or amended under paragraph (1) shall meet or 
        exceed the most stringent of the following standards 
        for PFAS in any environmental media:
                    (A) An enforceable State standard, in 
                effect in that State, for drinking, surface, or 
                ground water, as described in section 
                121(d)(2)(A)(ii) of the Comprehensive 
                Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
                Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 
                9621(d)(2)(A)(ii)).
                    (B) An enforceable Federal standard for 
                drinking, surface, or ground water, as 
                described in section 121(d)(2)(A)(i) of the 
                Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
                Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
                U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(i)).
                    (C) A health advisory under section 
                1412(b)(1)(F) of the Safe Drinking Water Act 
                (42 U.S.C. 300g-1(b)(1)(F)).
            (3) Other authority.--In addition to the 
        requirements for a cooperative agreement under 
        paragraph (1), when otherwise authorized to expend 
        funds for the purpose of addressing ground or surface 
        water contaminated by a perfluorinated compound, the 
        Secretary of Defense may, to expend those funds, enter 
        into a grant agreement, cooperative agreement, or 
        contract with--
                    (A) the local water authority with 
                jurisdiction over the contamination site, 
                including--
                            (i) a public water system (as 
                        defined in section 1401 of the Safe 
                        Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f)); 
                        and
                            (ii) a publicly owned treatment 
                        works (as defined in section 212 of the 
                        Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
                        U.S.C. 1292)); or
                    (B) a State, local, or Tribal government.
    (b) Report.--Beginning on February 1, 2020, if a 
cooperative agreement is not finalized or amended under 
subsection (a) within one year after the request from the 
Governor or chief executive under that subsection, and annually 
thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate committees and Members of Congress a report--
            (1) explaining why the agreement has not been 
        finalized or amended, as the case may be; and
            (2) setting forth a projected timeline for 
        finalizing or amending the agreement.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate committees and members of 
        congress.--The term ``appropriate committees and 
        Members of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Senators who represent a State 
                impacted by PFAS contamination described in 
                subsection (a)(1); and
                    (C) the Members of the House of 
                Representatives who represent a district 
                impacted by such contamination.
            (2) Fully fluorinated carbon atom.--The term 
        ``fully fluorinated carbon atom'' means a carbon atom 
        on which all the hydrogen substituents have been 
        replaced by fluorine.
            (3) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means perfluoroalkyl 
        and polyfluoroalkyl substances that are man-made 
        chemicals with at least one fully fluorinated carbon 
        atom.
            (4) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 101 of the Comprehensive 
        Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act 
        of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601).

SEC. 333. PLAN TO PHASE OUT USE OF BURN PITS.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a plan to phase out the use of 
the burn pits identified in the Department of Defense Open Burn 
Pit Report to Congress dated April 2019.

SEC. 334. INFORMATION RELATING TO LOCATIONS OF BURN PIT USE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs and to Congress a list of all locations where 
open-air burn pits have been used by the Secretary of Defense, 
for the purposes of augmenting the research, healthcare 
delivery, disability compensation, and other activities of the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

SEC. 335. DATA QUALITY REVIEW OF RADIUM TESTING CONDUCTED AT CERTAIN 
                    LOCATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Review of Radium Testing.--Except as provided in 
subsection (b), the Secretary of the Navy shall provide for an 
independent third-party data quality review of all radium 
testing completed by contractors of the Department of the Navy 
at a covered location.
    (b) Exception.--In the case of a covered location for which 
an independent third-party data quality review of all radium 
testing completed by contractors of the Department has been 
conducted prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
requirement under subsection (a) shall not apply if the 
Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing--
            (1) a certification that such review has been 
        conducted for such covered location; and
            (2) a description of the results of such review.
    (c) Covered Location Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered location'' means any of the following:
            (1) Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant, 
        Bethpage, New York.
            (2) Hunter's Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, 
        California.

SEC. 336. REIMBURSEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY FOR CERTAIN 
                    COSTS IN CONNECTION WITH THE TWIN CITIES ARMY 
                    AMMUNITION PLANT, MINNESOTA.

    (a) Transfer Amount.--Notwithstanding section 2215 of title 
10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may transfer 
to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency--
            (1) in fiscal year 2020, not more than $890,790; 
        and
            (2) in each of fiscal years 2021 through 2026, not 
        more than $150,000.
    (b) Purpose of Reimbursement.--The amount authorized to be 
transferred under subsection (a) is to reimburse the 
Environmental Protection Agency for costs the Agency has 
incurred and will incur relating to the response actions 
performed at the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant, Minnesota, 
through September 30, 2025.
    (c) Interagency Agreement.--The reimbursement described in 
subsection (b) is intended to satisfy certain terms of the 
interagency agreement entered into by the Department of the 
Army and the Environmental Protection Agency for the Twin 
Cities Army Ammunition Plant that took effect in December 1987 
and that provided for the recovery of expenses by the Agency 
from the Department of the Army.

SEC. 337. PILOT PROGRAM FOR AVAILABILITY OF WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDS FOR 
                    INCREASED COMBAT CAPABILITY THROUGH ENERGY 
                    OPTIMIZATION.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 2208 of title 10, 
United States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the military 
departments may use a working capital fund established pursuant 
to that section for expenses directly related to conducting a 
pilot program for energy optimization initiatives described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Energy Optimization Initiatives.--Energy optimization 
initiatives covered by the pilot program include the research, 
development, procurement, installation, and sustainment of 
technologies or weapons system platforms, and the manpower 
required to do so, that would improve the efficiency and 
maintainability, extend the useful life, lower maintenance 
costs, or provide performance enhancement of the weapon system 
platform or major end item.
    (c) Limitation on Certain Projects.--Funds may not be used 
pursuant to subsection (a) for--
            (1) any product improvement that significantly 
        changes the performance envelope of an end item; or
            (2) any single component with an estimated total 
        cost in excess of $10,000,000.
    (d) Limitation in Fiscal Year Pending Timely Report.--If 
during any fiscal year the report required by paragraph (1) of 
subsection (e) is not submitted by the date specified in 
paragraph (2) of that subsection, funds may not be used 
pursuant to subsection (a) during the period--
            (1) beginning on the date specified in such 
        paragraph (2); and
            (2) ending on the date of the submittal of the 
        report.
    (e) Annual Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit an annual report to the congressional defense 
        committees on the use of the authority under subsection 
        (a) during the preceding fiscal year.
            (2) Deadline for submittal.--The report required by 
        paragraph (1) in a fiscal year shall be submitted not 
        later than 60 days after the date of the submittal to 
        Congress of the budget of the President for the 
        succeeding fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of 
        title 31, United States Code.
            (3) Recommendation.--In the case of the report 
        required to be submitted under paragraph (1) during 
        fiscal year 2020, the report shall include the 
        recommendation of the Secretary of Defense and the 
        military departments regarding whether the authority 
        under subsection (a) should be made permanent.
    (f) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall 
expire on October 1, 2024.

SEC. 338. REPORT ON EFFORTS TO REDUCE HIGH ENERGY INTENSITY AT MILITARY 
                    INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than September 1, 
        2020, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
        and Sustainment, in conjunction with the assistant 
        secretaries responsible for installations and 
        environment for the military departments and the 
        Defense Logistics Agency, shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report detailing the 
        efforts to achieve cost savings at military 
        installations with high energy intensity.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A comprehensive, installation-specific 
                assessment of feasible and mission-appropriate 
                energy initiatives supporting energy production 
                and consumption at military installations with 
                high energy intensity.
                    (B) An assessment of current sources of 
                energy in areas with high energy intensity and 
                potential future sources that are 
                technologically feasible, cost-effective, and 
                mission-appropriate for military installations.
                    (C) A comprehensive implementation strategy 
                to include required investment for feasible 
                energy efficiency options determined to be the 
                most beneficial and cost-effective, where 
                appropriate, and consistent with priorities of 
                the Department of Defense.
                    (D) An explanation on how the military 
                departments are working collaboratively in 
                order to leverage lessons learned on potential 
                energy efficiency solutions.
                    (E) An assessment of the extent to which 
                activities administered under the Federal 
                Energy Management Program of the Department of 
                Energy could be used to assist with the 
                implementation strategy under subparagraph (C).
                    (F) An assessment of State and local 
                partnership opportunities that could achieve 
                efficiency and cost savings, and any 
                legislative authorities required to carry out 
                such partnerships or agreements.
            (3) Coordination with state, local, and other 
        entities.--In preparing the report required under 
        paragraph (1), the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment may work in conjunction and 
        coordinate with the States containing areas of high 
        energy intensity, local communities, and other Federal 
        agencies.
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``high energy 
intensity'' means costs for the provision of energy by kilowatt 
of electricity or British Thermal Unit of heat or steam for a 
military installation in the United States that is in the 
highest 20 percent of all military installations for a military 
department.

Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

SEC. 341. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Prompt and Fast Action 
to Stop Damages Act of 2019''.

SEC. 342. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) PFOA.--The term ``PFOA'' means 
        perfluorooctanoic acid.
            (2) PFOS.--The term ``PFOS'' means perfluorooctane 
        sulfonate.

SEC. 343. PROVISION OF WATER UNCONTAMINATED WITH PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID 
                    (PFOA) AND PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE (PFOS) FOR 
                    AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Using amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated or otherwise made available for operation 
        and maintenance for the military department concerned, 
        or for operation and maintenance Defense-wide in the 
        case of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary 
        concerned may provide water sources uncontaminated with 
        perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances, 
        including PFOA and PFOS, or treatment of contaminated 
        waters, for agricultural purposes used to produce 
        products destined for human consumption in an area in 
        which a water source has been determined pursuant to 
        paragraph (2) to be contaminated with such compounds by 
        reason of activities on a military installation under 
        the jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned.
            (2) Applicable standard.--For purposes of paragraph 
        (1), an area is determined to be contaminated with PFOA 
        or PFOS if--
                    (A) the level of contamination is above the 
                Lifetime Health Advisory for contamination with 
                such compounds issued by the Environmental 
                Protection Agency and printed in the Federal 
                Register on May 25, 2016; or
                    (B) on or after the date the Food and Drug 
                Administration sets a standard for PFOA and 
                PFOS in raw agricultural commodities and milk, 
                the level of contamination is above such 
                standard.
    (b) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Secretary concerned'' means the following:
            (1) The Secretary of the Army, with respect to the 
        Army.
            (2) The Secretary of the Navy, with respect to the 
        Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard (when it is 
        operating as a service in the Navy).
            (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to 
        the Air Force.
            (4) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the 
        Defense Agencies.

SEC. 344. ACQUISITION OF REAL PROPERTY BY AIR FORCE.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may 
        acquire one or more parcels of real property within the 
        vicinity of an Air Force base that has shown signs of 
        contamination from PFOA and PFOS due to activities on 
        the base and which would extend the contiguous 
        geographic footprint of the base and increase the force 
        protection standoff near critical infrastructure and 
        runways.
            (2) Improvements and personal property.--The 
        authority under paragraph (1) to acquire real property 
        described in that paragraph shall include the authority 
        to purchase improvements and personal property located 
        on that real property.
            (3) Relocation expenses.--The authority under 
        paragraph (1) to acquire real property described in 
        that paragraph shall include the authority to provide 
        Federal financial assistance for moving costs, 
        relocation benefits, and other expenses incurred in 
        accordance with the Uniform Relocation Assistance and 
        Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 
        U.S.C. 4601 et seq.).
    (b) Environmental Activities.--The Air Force shall conduct 
such activities at a parcel or parcels of real property 
acquired under subsection (a) as are necessary to remediate 
contamination from PFOA and PFOS related to activities at the 
Air Force base.
    (c) Funding.--Funds for the land acquisitions authorized 
under subsection (a) shall be derived from amounts authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for military 
construction or the unobligated balances of appropriations for 
military construction that are enacted after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--The authority under this section 
constitutes authority to carry out land acquisitions for 
purposes of section 2802 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 345. REMEDIATION PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to Congress a remediation plan for cleanup of all water 
at or adjacent to a military installation that is contaminated 
with PFOA or PFOS.
    (b) Study.--In preparing the remediation plan under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall conduct a study on the 
contamination of water at military installations with PFOA or 
PFOS.
    (c) Budget Amount.--The Secretary shall ensure that each 
budget of the President submitted to Congress under section 
1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, requests funding in 
amounts necessary to address remediation efforts under the 
remediation plan submitted under subsection (a).

                 Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 351. MATERIEL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES.

    (a) Annual Report on Major Weapons Systems Sustainment.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 117 
        the following new section:

``Sec. 118. Annual report on major weapons systems sustainment

    ``Not later than five days after the date on which the 
Secretary of Defense submits to Congress the materials in 
support of the budget of the President for a fiscal year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees an annual report on major weapons systems 
sustainment for the period covered by the future years defense 
program specified by section 221 of this title. Such report 
shall include--
            ``(1) an assessment of the materiel availability, 
        materiel reliability, and mean down time metrics for 
        each major weapons system;
            ``(2) a detailed explanation of any factors that 
        could preclude the Department of Defense or any of the 
        military departments from meeting applicable readiness 
        goals or objectives; and
            ``(3) an assessment of the validity and 
        effectiveness of the definitions used to determine 
        defense readiness, including the terms `major weapons 
        system', `covered asset', `total and required 
        inventory', `materiel and operational availability', 
        `materiel and operational capability', `materiel and 
        operational reliability'.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 117 the following 
        new item:

``118. Annual report on major weapons systems sustainment.''.
    (b) Assessment of Materiel Readiness and Weapons System 
Sustainment.--
            (1) Assessment required.--Not later than March 1, 
        2020, the Secretary of Defense shall complete a 
        comprehensive assessment of the materiel readiness and 
        weapons systems sustainment of the Department of 
        Defense across the Department organic industrial base 
        and industry partners.
            (2) Contents.--The assessment required by paragraph 
        (1) shall include--
                    (A) an assessment of the overall readiness 
                strategy of the Department of Defense and the 
                capability of such strategy to measure, track, 
                and assess the readiness of major weapons 
                systems;
                    (B) an assessment of the use of objectives 
                and metrics;
                    (C) a description of applicable reporting 
                requirements; and
                    (D) applicable definitions and common usage 
                of relevant terms, including the terms ``major 
                weapons system'', ``covered asset'', ``total 
                and required inventory'', ``materiel and 
                operational availability'', ``materiel and 
                operational capability'', ``materiel and 
                operational reliability'', and ``maintenance 
                costs''.
            (3) Submission to congress.--The Secretary shall 
        provide to the congressional defense committees--
                    (A) a briefing on the assessment required 
                by paragraph (1) by not later than March 1, 
                2020; and
                    (B) a final report on such assessment by 
                not later than April 1, 2020.

SEC. 352. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY REGARDING USE OF WORKING-CAPITAL 
                    FUNDS FOR UNSPECIFIED MINOR MILITARY CONSTRUCTION 
                    PROJECTS RELATED TO REVITALIZATION AND 
                    RECAPITALIZATION OF DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE 
                    FACILITIES.

    Section 2208(u) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``carry out'' and 
        inserting ``fund'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``Section 2805'' and 
                inserting ``(A) Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), section 2805'';
                    (B) by striking ``carried out with'' and 
                inserting ``funded using''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
    ``(B) For purposes of applying subparagraph (A), the dollar 
limitation specified in subsection (a)(2) of section 2805 of 
this title, subject to adjustment as provided in subsection (f) 
of such section, shall apply rather than the dollar limitation 
specified in subsection (c) of such section.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``carry out'' and 
        inserting ``fund''.

SEC. 353. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD 
                    DEPLOYMENT OF NAVAL VESSELS.

    Section 323 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
        new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Extension of Limitation on Length of Overseas Forward 
Deployment for U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67).--Notwithstanding 
subsection (b), the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the 
U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67) is assigned a homeport in the United 
States by not later than September 30, 2023.''.

SEC. 354. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY INSTALLATION REUTILIZATION AUTHORITY 
                    FOR ARSENALS, DEPOTS, AND PLANTS.

    Section 345(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2667 note) 
is amended by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2025''.

SEC. 355. F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized 
to be appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act for 
the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment for fiscal year 2020, not more than 75 percent 
may be obligated or expended until the date on which the Under 
Secretary submits the report required by subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
report on steps being taken to improve the availability and 
accountability of F-35 parts within the supply chain. At a 
minimum, the report shall include a detailed plan for each of 
the following elements:
            (1) How the accountable property system of record 
        will be updated with information from the prime 
        contractors supplying such parts on required cost and 
        related data with respect to the parts and how the F-35 
        Program Office will ensure such contractors are 
        adhering to contractual requirements for the 
        management, reporting, visibility, and accountability 
        of all such parts supplied by the prime contractors.
            (2) How the accountability property system of 
        record will have interfaces that allow the F-35 Program 
        Office and other authorized entities to have proper 
        accountability of assets in accordance with applicable 
        Department of Defense Instructions, Department of 
        Defense Manuals, and other applicable regulations.
            (3) How the F-35 Program Office, in coordination 
        with the military departments, will ensure business 
        rules for the prioritization of F-35 parts across all 
        program participants are sufficient, effective, and 
        responsive.
            (4) Steps being taken to ensure parts within the 
        base, afloat, and deployment spares packages are 
        compatible for deploying F-35 aircraft and account for 
        updated parts demand.

SEC. 356. REPORT ON STRATEGIC POLICY FOR PREPOSITIONED MATERIEL AND 
                    EQUIPMENT.

    Not later than March 1, 2020, the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Sustainment, in coordination with the Joint Staff, 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report on the implementation 
plan for prepositioned materiel and equipment required by 
section 321(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 730; 10 U.S.C. 
2229 note). Such report shall include each of the following:
            (1) A comprehensive list of the prepositioned 
        materiel and equipment programs of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (2) A detailed description of how the plan will be 
        implemented.
            (3) A description of the resources required to 
        implement the plan, including the amount of funds and 
        personnel.
            (4) A description of how the plan will be reviewed 
        and assessed to monitor progress.
            (5) Guidance on applying a consistent definition of 
        prepositioning across the Department, including the 
        military departments, the combatant commands, and the 
        Defense Agencies.
            (6) A detailed description of how the Secretary 
        will implement a joint oversight approach of the 
        prepositioning programs of the military departments.

SEC. 357. PILOT PROGRAM TO TRAIN SKILLED TECHNICIANS IN CRITICAL 
                    SHIPBUILDING SKILLS.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Navy may carry out 
a pilot program to train individuals to become skilled 
technicians in critical shipbuilding skills such as welding, 
metrology, quality assurance, machining, and additive 
manufacturing.
    (b) Partnerships.--In carrying out the pilot program under 
this section, the Secretary may partner with existing Federal 
or State projects relating to investment and infrastructure in 
training and education or workforce development, such as the 
National Network for Manufacturing Innovation, the Industrial 
Base Analysis and Sustainment program of the Department of 
Defense, and the National Maritime Educational Council.
    (c) Termination.--The authority to carry out a pilot 
program under this section shall terminate on September 30, 
2025.
    (d) Briefings.--If the Secretary carries out a pilot 
program under this section, the Secretary shall provide 
briefings to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives as follows:
            (1) Not later than 30 days before beginning to 
        implement the pilot program, the Secretary shall 
        provide a briefing on the plan, cost estimate, and 
        schedule for the pilot program.
            (2) Not less frequently than annually during the 
        period when the pilot program is carried out, the 
        Secretary shall provide briefings on the progress of 
        the Secretary in carrying out the pilot program.

SEC. 358. REQUIREMENT FOR MILITARY DEPARTMENT INTER-SERVICE DEPOT 
                    MAINTENANCE.

    (a) Joint Process for Technical Compliance and Quality 
Control.--If the Secretary of a military department transfers 
any maintenance action on a platform to a depot under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary of another military department, 
the two Secretaries shall develop and implement a process to 
ensure the technical compliance and quality control for the 
work performed.
    (b) Requirements.--A process developed under subsection (a) 
shall include the following requirements--
            (1) The Secretary of the military department with 
        jurisdiction over the depot to which the maintenance 
        action is transferred shall--
                    (A) ensure that the technical 
                specifications, requirements, and standards for 
                work to be performed are provided to such 
                action or depot; and
                    (B) implement procedures to ensure that 
                completed work complies with such 
                specifications, requirements and standards.
            (2) The Secretary who transfers the maintenance 
        activity or depot shall ensure that--
                    (A) the technical specifications and 
                requirements are clearly understood; and
                    (B) the work performed is completed to the 
                technical specifications, requirements, and 
                standards prescribed under paragraph (1), and 
                that the Secretary of the military department 
                with jurisdiction over the depot is informed of 
                any shortcoming or discrepancy.
    (c) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report containing a certification that 
sufficient policy and procedures are in place to ensure quality 
control when the depot or maintenance activities of one 
military department support another. The report shall include a 
description of known shortfalls in existing policies and 
procedures and actions the Department of Defense is taking to 
address such shortfalls.

SEC. 359. STRATEGY TO IMPROVE INFRASTRUCTURE OF CERTAIN DEPOTS OF THE 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a comprehensive strategy for improving the depot 
infrastructure of the military departments with the objective 
of ensuring that all covered depots have the capacity and 
capability to support the readiness and material availability 
goals of current and future weapon systems of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A comprehensive review of the conditions and 
        performance at each covered depot, including the 
        following:
                    (A) An assessment of the current status of 
                the following elements:
                            (i) Cost and schedule performance 
                        of the depot.
                            (ii) Material availability of 
                        weapon systems supported at the depot 
                        and the impact of the performance of 
                        the depot on that availability.
                            (iii) Work in progress and non-
                        operational items awaiting depot 
                        maintenance.
                            (iv) The condition of the depot.
                            (v) The backlog of restoration and 
                        modernization projects at the depot.
                            (vi) The condition of equipment at 
                        the depot.
                            (vii) the vulnerability of the 
                        depot to adverse environmental 
                        conditions and, if necessary, the 
                        investment required to withstand those 
                        conditions.
                    (B) An identification of analytically based 
                goals relating to the elements identified in 
                subparagraph (A).
            (2) A business-case analysis that assesses 
        investment alternatives comparing cost, performance, 
        risk, and readiness outcomes and recommends an optimal 
        investment approach across the Department of Defense to 
        ensure covered depots efficiently and effectively meet 
        the readiness goals of the Department, including an 
        assessment of the following alternatives:
                    (A) The minimum investment necessary to 
                meet investment requirements under section 2476 
                of title 10, United States Code.
                    (B) The investment necessary to ensure the 
                current inventory of facilities at covered 
                depots can meet the mission-capable, readiness, 
                and contingency goals of the Secretary of 
                Defense.
                    (C) The investment necessary to execute the 
                depot infrastructure optimization plans of each 
                military department.
                    (D) Any other strategies for investment in 
                covered depots, as identified by the Secretary.
            (3) A plan to improve conditions and performance of 
        covered depots that identifies the following:
                    (A) The approach of the Secretary of 
                Defense for achieving the goals outlined in 
                paragraph (1)(B).
                    (B) The resources and investments required 
                to implement the plan.
                    (C) The activities and milestones required 
                to implement the plan.
                    (D) A results-oriented approach to assess--
                            (i) the progress of each military 
                        department in achieving such goals; and
                            (ii) the progress of the Department 
                        in implementing the plan.
                    (E) Organizational roles and 
                responsibilities for implementing the plan.
                    (F) A process for conducting regular 
                management review and coordination of the 
                progress of each military department in 
                implementing the plan and achieving such goals.
                    (G) The extent to which the Secretary has 
                addressed recommendations made by the 
                Comptroller General of the United States 
                relating to depot operations during the five-
                year period preceding the date of submittal of 
                the strategy under this section.
                    (H) Risks to implementing the plan and 
                mitigation strategies to address those risks.
    (c) Annual Report on Progress.--As part of the annual 
budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of 
title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
describing the progress made in--
            (1) implementing the strategy under subsection (a); 
        and
            (2) achieving the goals outlined in subsection 
        (b)(1)(B).
    (d) Comptroller General Reports.--
            (1) Assessment of strategy.--Not later than January 
        1, 2021, the Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report assessing the extent to which the strategy under 
        subsection (a) meets the requirements of this section.
            (2) Assessment of implementation.--Not later than 
        April 1, 2022, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report setting 
        forth an assessment of the extent to which the strategy 
        under subsection (a) has been effectively implemented 
        by each military department and the Secretary of 
        Defense.
    (e) Covered Depot Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered depot'' has the meaning given that term in section 
2476(e) of title 10, United States Code.

                          Subtitle E--Reports

SEC. 361. READINESS REPORTING.

    (a) Readiness Reporting System.--Section 117 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (d) through (g); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection 
        (d).
    (b) Quarterly Reports.--Section 482 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Quarterly 
        reports: personnel and unit readiness'' and inserting 
        ``Readiness reports'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) In the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Quarterly Reports Required'' and inserting 
                ``Reports and Briefings'';
                    (B) In the first sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``Not later'' and 
                        inserting ``(1) Not later''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``each calendar-
                        year quarter'' and inserting ``the 
                        second and fourth quarter of each 
                        calendar year'';
                    (C) by striking the second and third 
                sentences and inserting ``The Secretary of 
                Defense shall submit each such report in 
                writing and shall also submit a copy of each 
                such report to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
                of Staff.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
    ``(2) Not later than 30 days after the end of the first and 
third quarter of each calendar year, the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide to Congress a briefing regarding the military 
readiness of the active and reserve components.
    ``(3) Each report under this subsection shall contain the 
elements required by subsection (b) for the quarter covered by 
the report, and each briefing shall address any changes to the 
elements described in subsection (b) since the submittal of the 
most recently submitted report.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(b) Required Elements.--The elements described in this 
subsection are each of the following:
            ``(1) A description of each readiness problem or 
        deficiency that affects the ground, sea, air, space, 
        cyber, or special operations forces, and any other area 
        determined appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.
            ``(2) The key contributing factors, indicators, and 
        other relevant information related to each identified 
        problem or deficiency.
            ``(3) The short-term mitigation strategy the 
        Department will employ to address each readiness 
        problem or deficiency until a resolution is in place, 
        as well as the timeline, cost, and any legislative 
        remedies required to support the resolution.
            ``(4) A summary of combat readiness ratings for the 
        key force elements assessed, including specific 
        information on personnel, supply, equipment, and 
        training problems or deficiencies that affect the 
        combat readiness ratings for each force element.
            ``(5) A summary of each upgrade or downgrade of the 
        combat readiness of a unit that was issued by the 
        commander of the unit, together with the rationale of 
        the commander for the issuance of such upgrade or 
        downgrade.
            ``(6) A summary of the readiness of supporting 
        capabilities, including infrastructure, prepositioned 
        equipment and supplies, and mobility assets, and other 
        supporting logistics capabilities.
            ``(7) A summary of the readiness of the combat 
        support and related agencies, any readiness problem or 
        deficiency affecting any mission essential tasks of any 
        such agency, and actions recommended to address any 
        such problem or deficiency.
            ``(8) A list of all Class A, Class B, and Class C 
        mishaps that occurred in operations related to combat 
        support and training events involving aviation, ground, 
        or naval platforms, weapons, space, or Government 
        vehicles, as defined by Department of Defense 
        Instruction 6055.07, or a successor instruction.
            ``(9) Information on the extent to which units of 
        the armed forces have removed serviceable parts, 
        supplies, or equipment from one vehicle, vessel, or 
        aircraft in order to render a different vehicle, 
        vessel, or aircraft operational.
            ``(10) Such other information as determined 
        necessary or appropriate by the Secretary of 
        Defense.'';
            (4) by striking subsections (d) through (h) and 
        subsection (j);
            (5) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection 
        (e); and
            (6) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
        new subsections (d):
    ``(d) Semi-Annual Joint Force Readiness Review.--(1) Not 
later than 30 days after the last day of the first and third 
quarter of each calendar year, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
of Staff shall submit to Congress a written report on the 
capability of the armed forces, the combat support and related 
agencies, operational contract support, and the geographic and 
functional combatant commands to execute their wartime missions 
based upon their posture and readiness as of the time the 
review is conducted.
    ``(2) The Chairman shall produce the report required under 
this subsection using information derived from the quarterly 
reports required by subsection (a).
    ``(3) Each report required by this subsection shall include 
an assessment by each commander of a geographic or functional 
combatant command of the readiness of the command to conduct 
operations in a multidomain battle that integrates ground, sea, 
air, space, cyber, and special operations forces.
    ``(4) The Chairman shall submit to the Secretary of Defense 
a copy of each report under this subsection.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 23 of such title is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 482 and inserting the following 
new item:

``482. Readiness reports.''.

SEC. 362. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO DEADLINE FOR TRANSITION TO DEFENSE 
                    READINESS REPORTING SYSTEM STRATEGIC.

    Section 358(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is 
amended by striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 
1, 2020''.

SEC. 363. REPORT ON NAVY SHIP DEPOT MAINTENANCE BUDGET.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1 of each of 2020, 
2021, and 2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the Operation and Maintenance, Ship 
Depot Maintenance budget sub-activity group.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include each of the following elements:
            (1) A breakdown of funding, categorized by class of 
        ship, requested for ship and submarine maintenance.
            (2) A description of how the requested funding, 
        categorized by class of ship, compares to the 
        identified ship maintenance requirement.
            (3) The amount of funds appropriated for each class 
        of ship for the preceding fiscal year.
            (4) The amount of funds obligated and expended for 
        each class of ship for each of the three preceding 
        fiscal years.
            (5) The cost, categorized by class of ship, of 
        unplanned growth work for each of the three preceding 
        fiscal years.

SEC. 364. REPORT ON RUNIT DOME.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report on the status of the 
Runit Dome in the Marshal Islands.
    (b) Matters for Inclusion.--The report required by 
subsection (a) shall include each of the following:
            (1) A detailed plan to repair the dome to ensure 
        that it does not have any harmful effects to the local 
        population, environment, or wildlife, including the 
        projected costs of implementing such plan.
            (2) The effects on the environment that the dome 
        has currently and is projected to have in 5 years, 10 
        years, and 20 years.
            (3) An assessment of the current condition of the 
        outer constructs of the dome.
            (4) An assessment of the current and long-term 
        safety to local humans posed by the site.
            (5) An assessment of how rising sea levels might 
        affect the dome.
            (6) A summary of interactions between the 
        Government of the United States and the government of 
        the Marshall Islands about the dome.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall be submitted in unclassified form and made publicly 
available.

SEC. 365. PROHIBITION ON SUBJECTIVE UPGRADES BY COMMANDERS OF UNIT 
                    RATINGS IN MONTHLY READINESS REPORTING ON MILITARY 
                    UNITS.

    (a) In General.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
shall modify Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction 
(CJCSI) 3401.02B, on Force Readiness Reporting, to prohibit the 
commander of a military unit who is responsible for monthly 
reporting of the readiness of the unit under the instruction 
from making any upgrade of the overall rating of the unit 
(commonly referred to as the ``C-rating'') for such reporting 
purposes based in whole or in part on subjective factors.
    (b) Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--The modification required by 
        subsection (a) shall authorize an officer in a general 
        or flag officer grade in the chain of command of a 
        commander described in that subsection to waive the 
        prohibition described in that subsection in connection 
        with readiness reporting on the unit concerned if the 
        officer considers the waiver appropriate in the 
        circumstances.
            (2) Reporting on waivers.--Each report on personnel 
        and unit readiness submitted to Congress for a calendar 
        year quarter pursuant to section 482 of title 10, 
        United States Code, shall include information on each 
        waiver, if any, issued pursuant to paragraph (1) during 
        such calendar year quarter.

SEC. 366. REQUIREMENT TO INCLUDE FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY IN 
                    READINESS REPORTING SYSTEMS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                    DEFENSE.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of each 
military department shall include in the Global Readiness and 
Force Management Enterprise, for the appropriate billets with 
relevant foreign language requirements, measures of foreign 
language proficiency as a mandatory element of unit readiness 
reporting, to include the Defense Readiness Reporting Systems-
Strategic (DRRS-S) and all other subordinate systems that 
report readiness data.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 371. PREVENTION OF ENCROACHMENT ON MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES AND 
                    MILITARY OPERATIONS AREAS.

    Section 183a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(6), in the second sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``radar or airport 
                surveillance radar operated'' and inserting 
                ``radar, airport surveillance radar, or wide 
                area surveillance over-the-horizon radar 
                operated''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``Any setback for a 
                project pursuant to the previous sentence shall 
                not be more than what is determined to be 
                necessary by a technical analysis conducted by 
                the Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts 
                Institute of Technology or any successor 
                entity.'' after ``mitigation options.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(E), by striking ``to a 
                Deputy Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary 
                of Defense, or a Principal Deputy Under 
                Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``to the 
                Deputy Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary 
                of Defense, or a Deputy Under Secretary of 
                Defense'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as 
                paragraph (4); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                following new paragraph (3):
    ``(3) The governor of a State may recommend to the 
Secretary of Defense additional geographical areas of concern 
within that State. Any such recommendation shall be submitted 
for notice and comment pursuant to paragraph (2)(C).'';
            (3) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``an under 
        secretary of defense, or a deputy under secretary of 
        defense'' and inserting ``an Under Secretary of 
        Defense, or a Deputy Under Secretary of Defense'';
            (4) in subsection (f), in the first sentence, by 
        striking ``from an applicant for a project filed with 
        the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 
        44718 of title 49'' and inserting ``from an entity 
        requesting a review by the Clearinghouse under this 
        section''; and
            (5) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), 
                (5), (6), and (7) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), 
                (7), and (9), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                following new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) The term `governor', with respect to a State, 
        means the chief executive officer of the State.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``by the Federal 
                Aviation Administration'' and inserting ``by 
                the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
                Administration''; and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (7), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (A), the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(8) The term `State' means the several States, 
        the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
        Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, 
        Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, and American 
        Samoa.''.

SEC. 372. EXPANSION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES ON TRANSFER AND 
                    ADOPTION OF MILITARY ANIMALS.

    (a) Transfer and Adoption Generally.--Section 2583 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Transfer or'' before ``Adoption''; and
                    (B) by striking ``adoption'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``transfer or adoption'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Transfer or'' before ``Adoption''; and
                    (B) in the first sentence, by striking 
                ``adoption'' and inserting ``transfer or 
                adoption''; and
                    (C) in the second sentence, striking 
                ``adoptability'' and inserting 
                ``transferability or adoptability'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A)--
                            (i) by inserting ``transfer or'' 
                        before ``adoption''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``, by'' after 
                        ``recommended priority'';
                    (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by 
                inserting ``adoption'' before ``by'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 
                organizations'' after ``persons''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``by'' 
                and inserting ``transfer to''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``or Adopted''after ``Transferred'';
                    (B) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking 
                ``transferred'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``transferred or adopted''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``transfer'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``transfer or adoption''.
    (b) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working Dogs 
to Be Retired.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) 
        as subsections (g), (h), and (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following 
        new subsection (f):
    ``(f) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working 
Dogs To Be Retired.--(1)(A) If the Secretary of the military 
department concerned determines that a military working dog 
should be retired, such Secretary shall transport the dog to 
the Veterinary Treatment Facility at Lackland Air Force Base, 
Texas.
    ``(B) In the case of a contract working dog to be retired, 
transportation required by subparagraph (A) is satisfied by the 
transfer of the dog to the 341st Training Squadron at the end 
of the dog's service life as required by section 2410r of this 
title and assignment of the dog to the Veterinary Treatment 
Facility referred to in that subparagraph.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each 
dog transported as described in paragraph (1) to the Veterinary 
Treatment Facility referred to in that paragraph is provided 
with a full veterinary screening, and necessary veterinary care 
(including surgery for any mental, dental, or stress-related 
illness), before transportation of the dog in accordance with 
subsection (g).
    ``(B) For purposes of this paragraph, stress-related 
illness includes illness in connection with post-traumatic 
stress, anxiety that manifests in a physical ailment, obsessive 
compulsive behavior, and any other stress-related ailment.
    ``(3) Transportation is not required under paragraph (1), 
and screening and care is not required under paragraph (2), for 
a military working dog located outside the United States if the 
Secretary of the military department concerned determines that 
transportation of the dog to the United States would not be in 
the best interests of the dog for medical reasons.''.
    (c) Coordination of Screening and Care Requirements With 
Transportation Requirements.--Subsection (g) of such section, 
as redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Transportation of Retiring Military Working Dogs.--
Upon completion of veterinary screening and care for a military 
working dog to be retired pursuant to subsection (f), the 
Secretary of the military department concerned shall--
            ``(1) if the dog was at a location outside the 
        United States immediately prior to transportation for 
        such screening and care and a United States citizen or 
        member of the armed forces living abroad agrees to 
        adopt the dog, transport the dog to such location for 
        adoption; or
            ``(2) for any other dog, transport the dog--
                    ``(A) to the 341st Training Squadron;
                    ``(B) to another location within the United 
                States for transfer or adoption under this 
                section.''.
    (d) Preservation of Policy on Transfer of Military Working 
Dogs to Law Enforcement Agencies.--Subsection (h) of such 
section, as so redesignated, is amended in paragraph (3) by 
striking ``adoption of military working dogs'' and all that 
follows through the period at the end and inserting ``transfer 
of military working dogs to law enforcement agencies before the 
end of the dogs' useful working lives.''.
    (e) Clarification of Horses Treatable as Military 
Animals.--Subsection (i) of such section, as so redesignated, 
is amended by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
following new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) An equid (horse, mule, or donkey) owned by 
        the Department of Defense.''.
    (f) Contract Term for Contract Working Dogs.--Section 
2410r(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, and shall contain a contract 
        term,'' after ``shall require'';
            (2) by inserting ``and assigned for veterinary 
        screening and care in accordance with section 2583 of 
        this title'' after ``341st Training Squadron''; and
            (3) by striking ``section 2583 of this title'' and 
        inserting ``such section''.

SEC. 373. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO USE 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REIMBURSEMENT RATE FOR 
                    TRANSPORTATION SERVICES PROVIDED TO CERTAIN NON-
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENTITIES.

    Section 2642(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 
2024''.

SEC. 374. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION TO 
                    ISSUE NON-PREMIUM AVIATION INSURANCE.

    Section 44310(b) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2023''.

SEC. 375. DEFENSE PERSONAL PROPERTY PROGRAM.

    (a) Report on Personal Property Program Improvement Action 
Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness 
        shall jointly submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on implementation of the Personal 
        Property Program Improvement Action Plan that was 
        developed by the Personnel Relocation/Household Goods 
        Movement Cross-Functional Team.
            (2) Contents of report.--The report required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include updated information on the 
        efforts of the Department of Defense to--
                    (A) integrate permanent-change-of-station 
                orders with transportation systems;
                    (B) reduce the number of report dates 
                during peak moving season;
                    (C) synchronize the communication of 
                information about orders to all parties 
                involved, including industry;
                    (D) improve lead time for permanent-change-
                of-station orders;
                    (E) meet quality assurance inspection 
                standards;
                    (F) improve the claims review process; and
                    (G) incorporate predictive analytics to 
                anticipate potentially problematic shipments.
            (3) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
        Readiness shall jointly provide to the congressional 
        defense committees a briefing on the report required 
        under this subsection.
    (b) Business Case Analysis.--Not later than 30 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commander of United 
States Transportation Command shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a business case analysis for the proposed 
award of a global household goods contract for the defense 
personal property program.
    (c) GAO Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on 
which the Commander of United States Transportation Command 
submits the business case analysis required by subsection (b), 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on a 
comprehensive study conducted by the Comptroller General that 
includes--
            (1) an analysis of the effects that the outsourcing 
        of the management and oversight of the movement of 
        household goods to a private entity or entities would 
        have on members of the Armed Forces and their families;
            (2) a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis; and
            (3) recommendations for changes to the strategy of 
        the Department of Defense for the defense personal 
        property program.
    (d) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 2020 may be used to enter 
into a global household goods contract until April 1, 2020.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``global household goods contract'' 
        means the solicitation managed by United States 
        Transportation Command to engage a private entity to 
        manage the defense personal property program.
            (2) The term ``defense personal property program'' 
        means the Department of Defense program used to manage 
        the shipment of the baggage and household effects of 
        members of the Armed Forces under section 476 of title 
        37, United States Code.

SEC. 376. PUBLIC EVENTS ABOUT RED HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY.

    (a) Requirement.--At least once every calendar quarter, the 
Secretary of the Navy, or the designee of the Secretary, shall 
hold an event that is open to the public at which the Secretary 
shall provide up-to-date information about the Red Hill Bulk 
Fuel Storage Facility.
    (b) Termination.--The requirement to hold events under 
subsection (a) shall terminate on the earlier of the following 
dates:
            (1) September 30, 2025.
            (2) The date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel 
        Storage Facility ceases operation.

SEC. 377. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING INNOVATIVE READINESS TRAINING 
                    PROGRAM.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Innovative Readiness Training program is an 
        effective training program for members of the Armed 
        Forces and is highly beneficial to civilian-military 
        relationships with local American communities;
            (2) due to the geographic complexities and 
        realities of non-contiguous States and territories, 
        Innovative Readiness Training has lent greater benefit 
        to such States and territories while providing unique 
        and realistic training opportunities and deployment 
        readiness for members of the Armed Forces;
            (3) the Department of Defense should pursue 
        continued Innovative Readiness Training opportunities, 
        and, where applicable, strongly encourage the use of 
        Innovative Readiness Training in non-contiguous States 
        and territories; and
            (4) in considering whether to recommend a project, 
        the Secretary should consider the benefits of the 
        project to the economy of a region damaged by natural 
        disasters.

SEC. 378. DETONATION CHAMBERS FOR EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall purchase 
and operate a portable closed detonation chamber and water jet 
cutting system to be deployed at a former naval bombardment 
area located outside the continental United States that is part 
of an active remediation program using amounts made available 
for environmental restoration, Navy. Upon a determination by 
the Secretary of the Navy that the chamber has completed the 
mission of destroying appropriately sized munitions at such 
former naval bombardment area, the Secretary may deploy the 
chamber to another location.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 $10,000,000 to carry 
out subsection (a).

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active duty.
Sec. 416. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
          serving on full-time reserve component duty for administration 
          of the reserves or the National Guard.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
personnel as of September 30, 2020, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 480,000.
            (2) The Navy, 340,500.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 186,200.
            (4) The Air Force, 332,800.

SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
                    LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the 
following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 480,000.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 340,500.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,200.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 332,800.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of 
September 30, 2020, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        336,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 189,500.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        107,700.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,100.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
component shall be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of 
        such component which are on active duty (other than for 
        training) at the end of the fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in 
        units organized to serve as units of the Selected 
        Reserve of such component who are on active duty (other 
        than for training or for unsatisfactory participation 
        in training) without their consent at the end of the 
        fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
members of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are 
released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such units 
and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
                    RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
September 30, 2020, the following number of Reserves to be 
serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the case 
of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training 
the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        30,595.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,155.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        22,637.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 4,431.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--The minimum number of military technicians 
(dual status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2020 for the 
reserve components of the Army and the Air Force 
(notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States Code) 
shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United 
        States, 22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United 
        States, 13,569.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,938.
    (b) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military 
technician (dual status) employed under the authority of this 
section be coerced by a State into accepting an offer of 
realignment or conversion to any other military status, 
including as a member of the Active, Guard, and Reserve program 
of a reserve component. If a military technician (dual status) 
declines to participate in such realignment or conversion, no 
further action will be taken against the individual or the 
individual's position.
    (c) Adjustment of Authorized Strength.--
            (1) In general.--If, at the end of fiscal year 
        2019, the Air National Guard of the United States does 
        not meet its full-time support realignment goals for 
        such fiscal year (as presented in the justification 
        materials of the Department of Defense in support of 
        the budget of the President for such fiscal year under 
        section 1105 of title 31, United States Code), the 
        authorized number of military technicians (dual status) 
        of the Air National Guard of the United States under 
        subsection (a)(3) shall be increased by the number 
        equal to the difference between--
                    (A) 3,190, which is the number of military 
                technicians (dual status) positions in the Air 
                National Guard of the United States sought to 
                be converted to the Active, Guard, and Reserve 
                program of the Air National Guard during fiscal 
                year 2019; and
                    (B) the number of realigned positions 
                achieved in the Air National Guard by the end 
                of fiscal year 2019.
            (2) Limitation.--The increase under paragraph (1) 
        in the authorized number of military technician (dual 
        status) positions described in that paragraph may not 
        exceed 2,292.
            (3) Decrease in authorized number of angus reserves 
        on active duty in support of the reserves.--In the 
        event of an adjustment to the authorized number 
        military technicians (dual status) of the Air National 
        Guard of the United States under this subsection, the 
        number of members of the Air National Guard of the 
        United States authorized by section 412(5) to be on 
        active duty as of September 30, 2020, shall be 
        decreased by the number equal to the number of such 
        adjustment.
    (d) Certification.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the 
Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall certify to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives the number of positions realigned from a 
military technician (dual status) position to a position in the 
Active, Guard, and Reserve program of a reserve component in 
fiscal year 2019.
    (e) Definitions.--In subsections (b), (c), and (d):
            (1) The term ``realigned position'' means any 
        military technician (dual status) position which has 
        been converted or realigned to a position in an Active, 
        Guard, and Reserve program of a reserve component under 
        the full time support rebalancing plan of the Armed 
        Force concerned, regardless of whether such position is 
        encumbered.
            (2) The term ``Active, Guard, and Reserve 
        program'', in the case of a reserve component, means 
        the program of the reserve component under which 
        Reserves serve on full-time active duty or full-time 
        duty, in the case of members of the National Guard, for 
        the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
        instructing, or training such reserve component.

SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
                    ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2020, the maximum number of members of 
the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
at any time on full-time operational support duty under section 
115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

SEC. 415. AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS FOR MARINE CORPS RESERVES ON ACTIVE 
                    DUTY.

    (a) Officers.--Section 12011(a)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking those parts of the table 
pertaining to the Marine Corps Reserve and inserting the 
following:
    ``Marine Corps Reserve:


1,000.........................           99            63            20
1,200.........................          103            67            21
1,300.........................          107            70            22
1,400.........................          111            73            23
1,500.........................          114            76            24
1,600.........................          117            79            25
1,700.........................          120            82            26
1,800.........................          123            85            27
1,900.........................          126            88            28
2,000.........................          129            91            29
2,100.........................          132            94            30
2,200.........................          134            97            31
2,300.........................          136           100            32
2,400.........................          143           105            34
2,500.........................          149           109            35
2,600.........................          155           113            36
2,700.........................          161           118            37
2,800.........................          167           122            39
2,900.........................          173           126            41
3,000.........................          179           130         42''.
 
 

    (c) Senior Enlisted Members.--Section 12012(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking those parts of the 
table pertaining to the Marine Corps Reserve and inserting the 
following:
    ``Marine Corps Reserve:


1,100.......................................           50            11
1,200.......................................           55            12
1,300.......................................           60            13
1,400.......................................           65            14
1,500.......................................           70            15
1,600.......................................           75            16
1,700.......................................           80            17
1,800.......................................           85            18
1,900.......................................           89            19
2,000.......................................           93            20
2,100.......................................           96            21
2,200.......................................           99            22
2,300.......................................          101            23
2,400.......................................          106            24
2,500.......................................          112            25
2,600.......................................          116            26
2,700.......................................          121            27
2,800.......................................          125            28
2,900.......................................          130            29
3,000.......................................          134         30''.
 


SEC. 416. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORIZED STRENGTH OF AIR FORCE RESERVE 
                    SERVING ON FULL-TIME RESERVE COMPONENT DUTY FOR 
                    ADMINISTRATION OF THE RESERVES OR THE NATIONAL 
                    GUARD.

    (a) In General.--The table in section 12011(a)(1) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking the matter 
relating to the Air Force Reserve and inserting the following 
new matter:
    ``Air Force Reserve


1,000.........................          166           170           100
1,500.........................          245           251           143
2,000.........................          322           330           182
2,500.........................          396           406           216
3,000.........................          467           479           246
3,500.........................          536           550           271
4,000.........................          602           618           292
4,500.........................          665           683           308
5,000.........................          726           746           320
5,500.........................          784           806           325
6,000.........................          840           864           327
7,000.........................          962           990           347
8,000.........................        1,087         1,110           356
10,000........................        1,322         1,362        395''.
 
 
 

    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with 
respect to fiscal years beginning on or after that date.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the use 
of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, 
for military personnel, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other 
authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
such purpose for fiscal year 2020.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
          component of commissioned officers previously subject to 
          original appointment in other type of component.
Sec. 502. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion 
          selection boards.
Sec. 503. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion 
          by promotion selection boards.
Sec. 504. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
          officers in certain military specialties and career tracks.
Sec. 505. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 506. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of 
          members of the Armed Forces and related unit operating and 
          personnel tempo matters.
Sec. 507. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
          Special Operations Command during periods of inapplicability 
          of high-deployment limitations.
Sec. 508. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of 
          chaplains in general and flag officer grades.
Sec. 509. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening of 
          determination or certification of retired grade.
Sec. 510. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
          particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.
Sec. 510A. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
          officers serving in general or flag officer grades.
Sec. 510B. Functional badge or insignia upon commission for chaplains.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Modification of grade level threshold for Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 512. Inclusion of STEM in courses of instruction for the Junior 
          Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 513. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve Officers' 
          Training Corps units.
Sec. 514. Clarification of eligibility to serve as Commander, Marine 
          Forces Reserve.
Sec. 515. Extension and periodic evaluation of suicide prevention and 
          resilience program for the reserve components.
Sec. 516. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
          in medical specialties in the reserve components.
Sec. 517. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
          National Guard.
Sec. 518. Consultation with Chief of the National Guard Bureau in the 
          appointment or designation of National Guard property and 
          fiscal officers.
Sec. 519. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 520. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
          officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of associated 
          active duty units.
Sec. 520A. Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large 
          scale, complex and catastrophic disasters.
Sec. 520B. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
          Corps.
Sec. 520C. Sense of Congress on increase in number of Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps units.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
          correction of military records and discharge review boards of 
          certain claims.
Sec. 522. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review 
          boards.
Sec. 523. Establishment of process to review a request for upgrade of 
          discharge or dismissal.
Sec. 524. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
          to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 525. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
          records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, intimate 
          partner violence, spousal abuse, and related matters.
Sec. 526. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 527. Correction of certain discharge characterizations.
Sec. 528. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of 
          information to determine eligibility of members and former 
          members of the Armed Forces for decorations when the service 
          records are incomplete because of damage to the official 
          record.
Sec. 529. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 530. Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist in 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 530A. Feasibility study regarding notification to Secretary of 
          Homeland Security of honorable discharges of non-citizens.
Sec. 530B. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
          judges and military magistrates in the interest of efficiency 
          in military justice.
Sec. 532. Command influence.
Sec. 533. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 534. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
          courts-martial or other records of trial of the military 
          justice system.
Sec. 535. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
          Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 536. Authority for return of personal property to victims of sexual 
          assault who file a Restricted Report before conclusion of 
          related proceedings.
Sec. 537. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
          Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 538. Notification of significant events and documentation of 
          preference for prosecution jurisdiction for victims of sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 539. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for certain 
          military criminal investigative organizations.
Sec. 540. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
          Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 540A. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
          on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault and 
          collateral offenses.
Sec. 540B. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in 
          all stages of military justice in connection with sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 540C. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540D. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-
          specific programs on reinvigoration of the prevention of 
          sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540E. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform 
          Code of Military Justice on sexual harassment.
Sec. 540F. Report on military justice system involving alternative 
          authority for determining whether to prefer or refer changes 
          for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 540G. Report on standardization among the military departments in 
          collection and presentation of information on matters within 
          the military justice system.
Sec. 540H. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy across 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540I. Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the 
          military justice system.
Sec. 540J. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
          justice system.
Sec. 540K. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on 
          sexual assault for victims of sexual assault following certain 
          victim or third-party communications.
Sec. 540L. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
          certain military dependents who are a victim or witness of an 
          offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice involving 
          abuse or exploitation.
Sec. 540M. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
          implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory 
          requirements on sexual assault prevention and response in the 
          military.
Sec. 540N. Sense of Congress on the Port Chicago 50.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Improvement of certain Special Victims' Counsel authorities.
Sec. 542. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
          installations.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
          civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Copyright protection for civilian faculty of certain 
          accredited institutions.
Sec. 545. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
          servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness or die 
          while in military service.
Sec. 546. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant to 
          the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 547. Preservation of right to bring class action under 
          Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 548. Legal counsel for victims of alleged domestic violence 
          offenses.
Sec. 549. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
          further administrative action following a determination not to 
          refer to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 550. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
          for certain purposes.
Sec. 550A. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
          installations of civilian protective orders applicable to 
          members of the Armed Forces assigned to such installations and 
          certain other individuals.
Sec. 550B. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
          Misconduct.
Sec. 550C. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
          justice matters in the States of the military installations to 
          which assigned.
Sec. 550D. Enhancing the capability of military criminal investigative 
          organizations to prevent and combat child sexual exploitation.
Sec. 550E. Feasibility study on establishment of database of military 
          protective orders.
Sec. 550F. GAO review of USERRA and SCRA.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
          Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense STARBASE 
          Program.
Sec. 553. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
          Graduate School; limitation on establishment of certain 
          educational institutions.
Sec. 554. Prohibition on off-duty employment for cadets and midshipmen 
          completing obligated service after graduation.
Sec. 555. Consideration of request for transfer of a cadet or midshipman 
          at a military service academy who is the victim of a sexual 
          assault or related offense.
Sec. 556. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air Force 
          Institute of Technology as the Director and Chancellor of such 
          Institute.
Sec. 557. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
          degree programs of the Community College of the Air Force.
Sec. 558. Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen.
Sec. 559. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 560. Information on institutions of higher education participating 
          in the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program.
Sec. 560A. Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in annual 
          financial literacy briefing.
Sec. 560B. Programs to facilitate the award of private pilot's 
          certificates.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Requirement to provide information regarding benefits claims 
          to members during TAP counseling.
Sec. 562. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge 
          apprenticeship and internship program for members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 563. First modification of elements of report on the improved 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 564. Second modification of elements of report on the improved 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 565. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
          Recruit Depots.
Sec. 566. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of the 
          Secretaries of the military departments.
Sec. 567. Review of Department of Defense training programs regarding 
          disinformation campaigns.
Sec. 568. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
          programs.
Sec. 569. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
          Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 
          214).
Sec. 570. Records of service for Reserves.
Sec. 570A. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations 
          for members of the Armed Forces who suffer from mental health 
          conditions in connection with a sex-related, intimate partner 
          violence-related, or spousal-abuse offense.
Sec. 570B. Prohibition on involuntary separation of certain members of 
          the Armed Forces; consideration of military service in removal 
          determinations.
Sec. 570C. Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on 
          preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 2648).
Sec. 570D. Counseling for members of the Armed Forces who are not 
          citizens of the United States on naturalization in the United 
          States.
Sec. 570E. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of 
          Defense and designated relatives and friends of members of the 
          Armed Forces regarding the experiences and challenges of 
          military service.
Sec. 570F. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed 
          Forces with community-based organizations and related 
          entities.
Sec. 570G. Pilot program regarding online application for the Transition 
          Assistance Program.

     Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
          more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of a 
          covered decedent to no more than two places selected by the 
          person designated to direct disposition of the remains.
Sec. 574. Military funeral honors matters.
Sec. 575. Improvement of occupational license portability for relocated 
          spouses of members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 576. Continued eligibility for education and training opportunities 
          for spouses of promoted members.
Sec. 577. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure and 
          certification costs of a spouse of a servicemember arising 
          from relocation.
Sec. 578. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
          under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program.
Sec. 579. Annual State report card.
Sec. 580. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 580A. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
          next of kin.
Sec. 580B. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
          representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 580C. Information and opportunities for registration for voting and 
          absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed Forces 
          undergoing deployment overseas.
Sec. 580D. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.
Sec. 580E. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 580F. First expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
          for military spouses.
Sec. 580G. Second expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
          for military spouses.
Sec. 580H. Report on training and support available to military spouses.
Sec. 580I. Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
          Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and replacement 
          of gold star lapel buttons.
Sec. 582. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of 
          military decorations.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. Duffy 
          for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 584. Review of World War I valor medals.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Clarification of the term ``assault'' for purposes of 
          Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
          permanent disabled retirement lists in military adaptive 
          sports programs.
Sec. 593. Questions in surveys regarding extremist activity in the 
          workplace.
Sec. 594. Study on best practices for providing financial literacy 
          education for separating members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 595. Report on oversight of authorized strengths of certain grades 
          of commissioned regular and reserve officers of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on certain waivers.
Sec. 597. Notifications on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 598. Report regarding use of aerial systems of the Department of 
          Defense to support agencies of States, Territories, and the 
          Federal Government.
Sec. 599. Information for members of the Armed Forces on availability of 
          services of the Department of Veterans Affairs relating to 
          sexual trauma.
Sec. 599A. Authority to issue an honorary promotion to Colonel Charles 
          E. McGee, United States Air Force (ret.), to the grade of 
          brigadier general.
Sec. 599B. Authority to issue an honorary and posthumous promotion to 
          Lieutenant Colonel Richard Cole, United States Air Force 
          (ret.), to the grade of colonel.
Sec. 599C. Sense of Congress on the honorable and distinguished service 
          of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States Marine Corps, to 
          the United States.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. MAKER OF ORIGINAL APPOINTMENTS IN A REGULAR OR RESERVE 
                    COMPONENT OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS PREVIOUSLY 
                    SUBJECT TO ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT IN OTHER TYPE OF 
                    COMPONENT.

    (a) Maker of Regular Appointments in Transfer From Reserve 
Active-status List to Active-duty List.--Section 531(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``the 
Secretary concerned'' and inserting ``the Secretary of 
Defense''.
    (b) Maker of Reserve Appointments in Transfer From Active-
duty List to Reserve Active-status List.--Section 12203(b) of 
such title is amended by striking ``the Secretary concerned'' 
and inserting ``the Secretary of Defense''.
    (c) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth 
the following:
            (1) The average number per fiscal year, during 
        fiscal years 2010 through 2019, of transfers of 
        appointment from regular officer to reserve officer in 
        the Armed Forces, set forth by each of transfers 
        requiring and transfers not requiring appointment by 
        and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
            (2) The average amount of time required per fiscal 
        year, during such fiscal years, for completion of a 
        transfer of appointment from regular officer to reserve 
        officer in situations not requiring appointment by and 
        with the advice and consent of the Senate.
            (3) An assessment of the number of officers who 
        experience a break-in-service due to delays in transfer 
        of appointment from regular officer to reserve officer 
        as a result of the requirement for appointment by and 
        with the advice and consent of the Senate.
            (4) An assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of each of the following:
                    (A) Appointment of regular officers as both 
                a regular officer and a reserve officer 
                immediately upon commissioning.
                    (B) Consolidation of the provisions of 
                title 10, United States Code, relating to 
                appointment as a regular or reserve officer in 
                a manner designed to facilitate and improve 
                officer retention.
            (5) Such other recommendations for legislative or 
        administrative action as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate to improve the rapid transfer of 
        appointment of an officer from regular status to 
        reserve status.

SEC. 502. FURNISHING OF ADVERSE INFORMATION ON OFFICERS TO PROMOTION 
                    SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) Expansion of Grades of Officers for Which Information 
Is Furnished.--Section 615(a)(3) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``a grade above colonel or, in the 
        case of the Navy, captain'' and inserting ``a grade 
        specified in subparagraph (B)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
    ``(B) A grade specified in this subparagraph is as follows:
            ``(i) In the case of a regular officer, a grade 
        above captain or, in the case of the Navy, lieutenant.
            ``(ii) In the case of a reserve officer, a grade 
        above lieutenant colonel or, in the case of the Navy, 
        commander.''.
    (b) Furnishing at Every Phase of Consideration.--Such 
section is further amended by adding at the end the following 
new subparagraph:
    ``(C) The standards and procedures referred to in 
subparagraph (A) shall require the furnishing to the selection 
board, and to each individual member of the board, the 
information described in that subparagraph with regard to an 
officer in a grade specified in subparagraph (B) at each stage 
or phase of the selection board, concurrent with the screening, 
rating, assessment, evaluation, discussion, or other 
consideration by the board or member of the official military 
personnel file of the officer, or of the officer.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
shall apply with respect to the proceedings of promotion 
selection boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, after that date.

SEC. 503. LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF OFFICERS RECOMMENDABLE FOR PROMOTION 
                    BY PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 616 of title 10, United States 
Code is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), (f), and 
        (g) as subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h), 
        respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
        new subsection (d):
    ``(d) The number of officers recommended for promotion by a 
selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title may 
not exceed the number equal to 95 percent of the number of 
officers included in the promotion zone established under 
section 623 of this title for consideration by the board.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
shall apply with respect to consideration by promotion 
selection boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, of promotion zones that are established 
under section 623 of that title on or after that date.

SEC. 504. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CONTINUATION ON ACTIVE DUTY OF 
                    OFFICERS IN CERTAIN MILITARY SPECIALTIES AND CAREER 
                    TRACKS.

    Section 637a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``separation or'' after ``provided for the''.

SEC. 505. MANAGEMENT POLICIES FOR JOINT QUALIFIED OFFICERS.

    Section 661(d)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended in the third sentence by inserting ``or a designee of 
the Chairman who is an officer of the armed forces in grade O-9 
or higher'' before the period.

SEC. 506. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON MANAGEMENT OF DEPLOYMENTS OF 
                    MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND RELATED UNIT 
                    OPERATING AND PERSONNEL TEMPO MATTERS.

    (a) Limitation on Scope of Delegations of Approval of 
Exceptions to Deployment Thresholds.--Paragraph (3) of section 
991(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``be delegated to--'' and all that follows and inserting ``be 
delegated to a civilian officer of the Department of Defense 
appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent 
of the Senate.''.
    (b) Separate Policies on Dwell Time for Regular and Reserve 
Members.--Paragraph (4) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``addresses the amount'' and 
        inserting ``addresses each of the following:
            ``(A) The amount.'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph 
        (1), by inserting ``regular'' before ``member''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(B) The amount of dwell time a reserve member of 
        the armed forces remains at the member's permanent duty 
        station after completing a deployment of 30 days or 
        more in length.''.

SEC. 507. PERSONNEL TEMPO OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THE UNITED STATES 
                    SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND DURING PERIODS OF 
                    INAPPLICABILITY OF HIGH-DEPLOYMENT LIMITATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 991(d) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) Whenever a waiver is in effect under paragraph 
(1), the member or group of members covered by the waiver shall 
be subject to specific and measurable deployment thresholds 
established and maintained for purposes of this subsection.
    ``(B) Thresholds under this paragraph may be applicable--
            ``(i) uniformly, Department of Defense-wide; or
            ``(ii) separately, with respect to each armed force 
        or the United States Special Operations Command.
    ``(C) If thresholds under this paragraph are applicable 
Department-wide, such thresholds shall be established and 
maintained by the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness. If such thresholds are applicable only to one armed 
force or the Under States Special Operations Command, such 
thresholds shall be established and maintained respectively by 
the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy (other 
than with respect to the Marine Corps), the Secretary of the 
Air Force, the Commandant of the Marine Corps (with respect to 
the Marine Corps), and the Commander of the United States 
Special Operations Command, as applicable.
    ``(D) In undertaking recordkeeping for purposes of 
subsection (c), the Under Secretary shall, in conjunction with 
the officials and officers referred to in subparagraph (C), 
collect complete and reliable personnel tempo data of members 
described in subparagraph (A) in order to ensure that the 
Department, the armed forces, and the United States Special 
Operations Command fully and completely monitor personnel tempo 
under any waiver authorized under paragraph (1) and the effect 
of such waiver on the armed forces.''.
    (b) Deadline for Implementation.--Paragraph (2) of section 
991(d) of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a), shall be fully implemented by not later than March 1, 
2020.

SEC. 508. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO DEFER PAST AGE 64 THE RETIREMENT OF 
                    CHAPLAINS IN GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICER GRADES.

    Section 1253(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking paragraph (3).

SEC. 509. HIGHER GRADE IN RETIREMENT FOR OFFICERS FOLLOWING REOPENING 
                    OF DETERMINATION OR CERTIFICATION OF RETIRED GRADE.

    (a) Advice and Consent of Senate Required for Higher 
Grade.--Section 1370(f) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph 
        (6); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following 
        new paragraph (5):
    ``(5) If the retired grade of an officer is proposed to be 
increased through the reopening of the determination or 
certification of officer's retired grade, the increase in the 
retired grade shall be made by the Secretary of Defense, by and 
with the advice and consent of the Senate.''.
    (b) Recalculation of Retired Pay.--Paragraph (6) of such 
section, as redesignated by subsection (a)(1), is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or increased'' after 
        ``reduced'';
            (2) by inserting ``as a result of the reduction or 
        increase'' after ``any modification of the retired pay 
        of the officer'';
            (3) by inserting ``or increase'' after ``the 
        reduction''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``An officer whose retired grade is increased 
        as described in the preceding sentence shall not be 
        entitled to an increase in retired pay for any period 
        before the effective date of the increase.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
shall apply to an increase in the retired grade of an officer 
that occurs through a reopening of the determination or 
certification of the officer's retired grade on or after that 
date, regardless of when the officer retired.

SEC. 510. AUTHORITY OF PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND THAT OFFICERS OF 
                    PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER ON PROMOTION 
                    LIST.

    (a) In General.--Section 14108 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(f) Higher Placement of Officers of Particular Merit on 
Promotion List.--(1) In selecting officers to be recommended 
for promotion, a promotion board may, when authorized by the 
Secretary concerned, recommend that officers of particular 
merit, from among those officers selected for promotion, be 
placed higher on the promotion list established by the 
Secretary under section 14308(a) of this title.
    ``(2) A promotion board may make a recommendation under 
paragraph (1) only if an officer receives the recommendation 
of--
            ``(A) a majority of the members of the promotion 
        board; or
            ``(B) an alternative requirement established by the 
        Secretary concerned and furnished to the promotion 
        board as part of the guidelines under section 14107 of 
        this title.
    ``(3) For officers who receive recommendations under 
paragraph (1), the board shall recommend the order in which 
those officers should be placed on the promotion list.''.
    (b) Reports Regarding Recommendations That Officers of 
Particular Merit Be Placed Higher on Promotion List.--Section 
14109 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) Report of Officers Recommended for Higher Placement 
on Promotion List.--A promotion board convened under section 
14101(a) of this title shall, when authorized under section 
14108(f) of this title, include in its report to the Secretary 
concerned--
            ``(1) the names of those officers the promotion 
        board recommends be placed higher on the promotion 
        list; and
            ``(2) the order in which the promotion board 
        recommends those officers should be placed on the 
        promotion list.''.
    (c) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing Higher on 
Promotion List.--Section 14308(a) of such title is amended in 
the first sentence by inserting ``or based on particular merit, 
as determined by the promotion board'' before the period.

SEC. 510A. AVAILABILITY ON THE INTERNET OF CERTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT 
                    OFFICERS SERVING IN GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER GRADES.

    (a) Availability Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military 
        department shall make available on an internet website 
        of such department available to the public information 
        specified in paragraph (2) on each officer in a general 
        or flag officer grade under the jurisdiction of such 
        Secretary, including any such officer on the reserve 
        active-status list.
            (2) Information.--The information on an officer 
        specified by this paragraph to be made available 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) is the information as 
        follows:
                    (A) The officer's name.
                    (B) The officer's current grade, duty 
                position, command or organization, and location 
                of assignment.
                    (C) A summary list of the officer's past 
                duty assignments while serving in a general or 
                flag officer grade.
    (b) Additional Public Notice on Certain Officers.--Whenever 
an officer in a grade of O-7 or above is assigned to a new 
billet or reassigned from a current billet, the Secretary of 
the military department having jurisdiction of such officer 
shall make available on an internet website of such department 
available to the public a notice of such assignment or 
reassignment.
    (c) Limitation on Withholding of Certain Information or 
Notice.--
            (1) Limitation.--The Secretary of a military 
        department may not withhold the information or notice 
        specified in subsections (a) and (b) from public 
        availability pursuant to subsection (a), unless and 
        until the Secretary notifies the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and House of Representatives in 
        writing of the information or notice that will be so 
        withheld, together with justification for withholding 
        the information or notice from public availability.
            (2) Limited duration of withholding.--The Secretary 
        concerned may withhold from the public under paragraph 
        (1) information or notice on an officer only on the 
        basis of individual risk or national security, and may 
        continue to withhold such information or notice only 
        for so long as the basis for withholding remains in 
        force.

SEC. 510B. FUNCTIONAL BADGE OR INSIGNIA UPON COMMISSION FOR CHAPLAINS.

    A military chaplain shall receive a functional badge or 
insignia upon commission.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. MODIFICATION OF GRADE LEVEL THRESHOLD FOR JUNIOR RESERVE 
                    OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    Section 2031(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``above the 8th grade'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``above the 7th grade and physically co-
located with the 9th grade participating unit''.

SEC. 512. INCLUSION OF STEM IN COURSES OF INSTRUCTION FOR THE JUNIOR 
                    RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2031(b)(3) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``and which may include 
instruction or activities in the fields of science, technology, 
engineering, and mathematics'' after ``duration''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 513. INCLUSION OF HOMESCHOOLED STUDENTS IN JUNIOR RESERVE 
                    OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS.

    Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) Each public secondary educational institution that 
maintains a unit under this section shall permit membership in 
the unit to homeschooled students residing in the area served 
by the institution who are qualified for membership in the unit 
(but for lack of enrollment in the institution).
    ``(2) A student who is a member of a unit pursuant to this 
subsection shall count toward the satisfaction by the 
institution concerned of the requirement in subsection (b)(1) 
relating to the minimum number of student members in the unit 
necessary for the continuing maintenance of the unit.''.

SEC. 514. CLARIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY TO SERVE AS COMMANDER, MARINE 
                    FORCES RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--Section 8084(b)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``general officers of the 
Marine Corps (as defined in section 8001(2))'' and inserting 
``general officers of the Marine Corps Reserve''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on the date that is one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act and shall apply to appointments 
made after such date.

SEC. 515. EXTENSION AND PERIODIC EVALUATION OF SUICIDE PREVENTION AND 
                    RESILIENCE PROGRAM FOR THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    Section 10219 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
        (h);
            (2) in subsection (h), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``2020'' and inserting ``2025''; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (f) the following 
        new subsection (g):
    ``(g) Triennial Evaluation.--The Secretary shall evaluate 
the program every third year beginning in 2022 until the 
program terminates to determine whether the program 
effectively--
            ``(1) provides training and assistance under 
        subsections (b), (c), and (d); and
            ``(2) implements subsection (e).''.

SEC. 516. AUTHORITY TO DEFER MANDATORY SEPARATION AT AGE 68 OF OFFICERS 
                    IN MEDICAL SPECIALTIES IN THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    Section 14703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``An'' and inserting ``(1) Subject 
        to paragraph (2), an''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph (2):
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may, with the consent of the 
officer, retain in an active status an officer in a medical 
specialty described in subsection (a) beyond the date described 
in paragraph (1) of this subsection if the Secretary concerned 
determines that such retention is necessary to the military 
department concerned. Each such retention shall be made on a 
case-by-case basis and for such period as the Secretary 
concerned determines appropriate.''.

SEC. 517. MODERNIZATION OF INSPECTION AUTHORITIES APPLICABLE TO THE 
                    NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) Modernization of Inspection Authorities of Secretaries 
of the Army and Air Force.--Subsection (a) of section 105 of 
title 32, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``by him, the Secretary of 
                the Army shall have'' and inserting ``by such 
                Secretary, the Secretary of the Army and the 
                Secretary of the Air Force shall each have'';
                    (B) by striking ``, if necessary,''; and
                    (C) by striking ``the Regular Army'' and 
                inserting ``the Regular Army or the Regular Air 
                Force'';
            (2) by striking ``Army National Guard'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``Army National Guard or Air 
        National Guard''; and
            (3) by striking the flush matter following 
        paragraph (7).
    (b) Inspection Authority of Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau on Behalf of Secretaries.--Such section is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) The Chief of the National Guard Bureau may have an 
inspection described in subsection (a) made by inspectors 
general, or by commissioned officers of the Army National Guard 
of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United 
States detailed for that purpose, on behalf of the Secretary of 
the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force. Any such inspection 
may be made only with the approval of the Secretary of the Army 
or the Secretary of the Air Force, as applicable.''.

SEC. 518. CONSULTATION WITH CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU IN THE 
                    APPOINTMENT OR DESIGNATION OF NATIONAL GUARD 
                    PROPERTY AND FISCAL OFFICERS.

    Section 708(a) of title 32, United States Code, is amended 
in the first sentence by inserting ``, in consultation with the 
Chief of the National Guard Bureau,'' after ``shall''.

SEC. 519. COAST GUARD JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 14, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 320. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the department in 
which the Coast Guard is operating may establish and maintain a 
Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps, organized into units, 
at public and private secondary educational institutions.
    ``(b) Applicability.--Except as provided in subsection (c), 
the provisions of chapter 102 of title 10 shall apply to a 
Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps established and 
maintained under this section in the same manner that such 
provisions apply to the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
of each military department. For purposes of the application of 
such provisions to this section--
            ``(1) any reference in such provisions to a 
        `military department' shall be treated as a reference 
        to the department in which the Coast Guard is 
        operating; and
            ``(2) any reference in such provisions to a 
        `Secretary of a military department', a `Secretary 
        concerned', or the `Secretary of Defense' shall be 
        treated as a reference to the Secretary of the 
        department in which the Coast Guard is operating.
    ``(c) Exception.--The requirements of chapter 102 of title 
10 shall not apply to a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps established by the Secretary of the department 
in which the Coast Guard is operating before the date of the 
enactment of this section unless the Secretary determines it is 
appropriate to apply such requirements to such unit.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:

``320. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.''.

SEC. 520. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR REVIEW OF CERTAIN ARMY RESERVE 
                    OFFICER UNIT VACANCY PROMOTIONS BY COMMANDERS OF 
                    ASSOCIATED ACTIVE DUTY UNITS.

    Section 1113 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness 
Reform Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 10105 note) 
is repealed.

SEC. 520A. REPORT ON METHODS TO ENHANCE DOMESTIC RESPONSE TO LARGE 
                    SCALE, COMPLEX AND CATASTROPHIC DISASTERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation and coordination with the Federal Emergency 
Management Agency, the National Security Council, the Council 
of Governors, and the National Governors Association, shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees, the Committee 
on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the 
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
Senate a report on the plan of the Department to establish 
policy and processes to implement the authority under section 
502 of title 32, United States Code. The report shall include a 
detailed examination of the policy framework consistent with 
existing authorities, identify major statutory or policy 
impediments to implementation, and make recommendations for 
legislation as appropriate.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
shall include a description of--
            (1) the current policy and processes whereby 
        governors can request activation of the National Guard 
        under title 32, United States Code, as part of the 
        response to large scale, complex, catastrophic 
        disasters that are supported by the Federal Government 
        and, if no formal process exists in policy, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall provide a timeline and plan 
        to establish such a policy, including consultation with 
        the Council of Governors and the National Governors 
        Association;
            (2) the Secretary of Defense's assessment, informed 
        by consultation with the Federal Emergency Management 
        Agency, the National Security Council, the Council of 
        Governors, and the National Governors Association, 
        regarding the sufficiency of current authorities for 
        the reimbursement of National Guard and Reserve 
        manpower during large scale, complex, catastrophic 
        disasters under title 10 and title 32, United States 
        Code, and specifically whether reimbursement 
        authorities are sufficient to ensure that military 
        training and readiness are not degraded to fund 
        disaster response, or whether invoking such 
        reimbursement authorities degrades the effectiveness of 
        the Disaster Relief Fund;
            (3) the Department of Defense's plan to ensure 
        there is parallel and consistent policy in the 
        application of the authorities granted under section 
        12304a of title 10, United States Code, and section 
        502(f) of title 32, United States Code, including--
                    (A) a description of the disparities 
                between benefits and protections under Federal 
                law versus State active duty;
                    (B) recommended solutions to achieve parity 
                at the Federal level; and
                    (C) recommended changes at the State level, 
                if appropriate; and
            (4) the Department of Defense's plan to ensure 
        there is parity of benefits and protections for 
        military members employed as part of the response to 
        large scale, complex, catastrophic disasters under 
        title 32 or title 10, United States Code, and 
        recommendations for addressing any shortfalls.

SEC. 520B. REPORT AND BRIEFING ON THE SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING 
                    CORPS.

    (a) Report on Various Expansions of the Corps.--Not later 
than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report setting forth the following:
            (1) An assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of distance learning programs for the 
        Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps for students at 
        educational institutions who reside outside the viable 
        range for a cross-town program.
            (2) An assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of expanding the eligibility of 
        institutions authorized to maintain a unit of the 
        Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps to include 
        community colleges.
    (b) Briefing on Long-term Effects on the Corps of the 
Operation of Certain Recent Prohibitions.--
            (1) Briefing required.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall brief the congressional 
        defense committees on the effects of the prohibitions 
        in section 8032 of the Department of Defense 
        Appropriations Act, 2019 (division A of Public Law 115-
        245) on the long-term viability of the Senior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps.
            (2) Elements.--The matters addressed by the 
        briefing under paragraph (1) shall include an 
        assessment of the effects of the prohibitions described 
        in paragraph (1) on the following:
                    (A) Readiness.
                    (B) The efficient manning and 
                administration of Senior Reserve Officers' 
                Training Corps units.
                    (C) The ability of the Armed Forces to 
                commission on a yearly basis the number and 
                quality of new officers they need and that are 
                representative of the nation as a whole.
                    (D) The availability of Senior Reserve 
                Officers' Training Corps scholarships in rural 
                areas.
                    (E) Whether the Senior Reserve Officers' 
                Training Corps program produces officers 
                representative of the demographic and 
                geographic diversity of the United States, 
                especially with respect to urban areas, and 
                whether restrictions on establishing or 
                disestablishing units of the Corps affects the 
                diversity of the officer corps of the Armed 
                Forces.

SEC. 520C. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INCREASE IN NUMBER OF JUNIOR RESERVE 
                    OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps was supported in the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232) and should be increased in fiscal year 2020 to 
include not fewer than 3,700 units nationwide.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

SEC. 521. ADVICE AND COUNSEL OF TRAUMA EXPERTS IN REVIEW BY BOARDS FOR 
                    CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW 
                    BOARDS OF CERTAIN CLAIMS.

    (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--Section 
1552(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(g)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is 
reviewing a claim described in subsection (h), the board shall 
seek advice and counsel in the review from a psychiatrist, 
psychologist, or social worker with training on mental health 
issues associated with post-traumatic stress disorder or 
traumatic brain injury or other trauma as specified in the 
current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of 
Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric 
Association.
    ``(3) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is 
reviewing a claim in which sexual trauma, intimate partner 
violence, or spousal abuse is claimed, the board shall seek 
advice and counsel in the review from an expert in trauma 
specific to sexual assault, intimate partner violence, or 
spousal abuse, as applicable.''.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(d)(1) of such 
title is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(1)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph;
    ``(B) In the case of a former member described in paragraph 
(3)(B) who claims that the former member's post-traumatic 
stress disorder or traumatic brain injury as described in that 
paragraph in based in whole or in part on sexual trauma, 
intimate partner violence, or spousal abuse, a board 
established under this section to review the former member's 
discharge or dismissal shall seek advice and counsel in the 
review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker with 
training on mental health issues associated with post-traumatic 
stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as 
specified in the current edition of the Diagnostic and 
Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the 
American Psychiatric Association.''.

SEC. 522. REDUCTION IN REQUIRED NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF DISCHARGE REVIEW 
                    BOARDS.

    Section 1553(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``five'' and inserting ``not fewer than three''.

SECTION 523. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCESS TO REVIEW A REQUEST FOR UPGRADE 
                    OF DISCHARGE OR DISMISSAL.

    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 1553 the following 
new section 1553a:

``Sec. 1553a. Review of a request for upgrade of discharge or dismissal

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish a process by which to conduct a final review of a 
request for an upgrade in the characterization of a discharge 
or dismissal.
    ``(b) Consideration; Recommendation.--(1) Upon the request 
of a petitioner, the Secretary of Defense shall review the 
findings and decisions of the boards established under sections 
1552 and 1553 of this title regarding the final review of a 
request for an upgrade in the characterization of a discharge 
or dismissal.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may recommend that the 
Secretary of the military department concerned upgrade the 
characterization of the discharge or dismissal of the 
petitioner if the Secretary of Defense determines that such 
recommendation is appropriate after review under paragraph (1).
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `final review of a request for an 
        upgrade in the characterization of a discharge or 
        dismissal' means a request by a petitioner for an 
        upgrade to the characterization of a discharge or 
        dismissal--
                    ``(A) that was not granted under sections 
                1552 and 1553 of this title; and
                    ``(B) regarding which the Secretary of 
                Defense determines the petitioner has exhausted 
                all remedies available to the petitioner under 
                sections 1552 and 1553 of this title.
            ``(2) The term `petitioner' means a member or 
        former member of the armed forces (or if the member or 
        former member is dead, the surviving spouse, next of 
        kin, or legal representative of the member or former 
        member) whose request for an upgrade to the 
        characterization of a discharge or dismissal was not 
        granted under sections 1552 and 1553 of this title.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 1553 the following 
        new item:

``1553a. Review of a request for upgrade of discharge or dismissal.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Section 1552(a)(4) of such title is 
                amended to read as follows:
    ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), a correction under 
this section is final and conclusive on all officers of the 
United States except when procured by fraud.
    ``(B) If a board established under this section does not 
grant a request for an upgrade to the characterization of a 
discharge or dismissal, that declination may be considered 
under section 1553a of this title.''.
                    (B) Section 1553(b) of such title is 
                amended--
                            (i) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A 
                        board''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If a board established under this section does not 
grant a request for an upgrade to the characterization of a 
discharge or dismissal, that declination may be considered 
under section 1552 or section 1553a of this title, as 
applicable.''.
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
section 1553a of such title, as added by subsection (a), not 
later than January 1, 2021.
    (d) Resources.--In establishing and implementing the 
process under such section 1553a, the Secretary of Defense 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, use existing 
organizations, boards, processes, and personnel of the 
Department of Defense.
    (e) Reporting.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2022, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report regarding the process 
        established under such section 1553a. The report shall 
        include, with respect to considerations under such 
        process since implementation, the following:
                    (A) The number of requests considered.
                    (B) The number of upgrades to the 
                characterization of a discharge or dismissal 
                granted pursuant to such process, including the 
                most common reasons for such upgrades.
                    (C) The number of upgrades to the 
                characterization of a discharge or dismissal 
                declined pursuant to such process, including 
                the most common reasons for such declinations.
            (2) Online publication.--On October 1, 2022, and 
        annually thereafter, the Secretary shall publish the 
        information described in paragraph (1) with regards to 
        the immediately preceding fiscal year on a website of 
        the Department of Defense that is accessible by the 
        public.

SEC. 524. PROHIBITION ON REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF PERSONNEL ASSIGNED 
                    TO DUTY WITH A SERVICE REVIEW AGENCY.

    (a) Prohibition.--Section 1559(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
        ``December 31, 2025'';
            (2) by striking ``that agency until--'' and 
        inserting ``that agency.''; and
            (3) by striking subsections (1) and (2).
    (b) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each 
        military department shall submit a report to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives that details a plan to--
                    (A) reduce the backlog of applications 
                before the service review agency of the 
                military department concerned; and
                    (B) maintain the resources required to meet 
                the timeliness standards for disposition of 
                applications before the Corrections Boards 
                under section 1557 of title 10, United States 
                Code, not later than October 1, 2021.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the current backlog of 
                applications before the service review agency 
                of the military department concerned.
                    (B) The number of personnel required to 
                meet the deadline described in paragraph 
                (1)(B).
                    (C) The plan of the Secretary concerned to 
                modernize the application and review system of 
                the service review agency of the military 
                department concerned.

SEC. 525. TRAINING OF MEMBERS OF BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY 
                    RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS ON SEXUAL 
                    TRAUMA, INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE, SPOUSAL ABUSE, 
                    AND RELATED MATTERS.

    (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--The 
curriculum of training for members of boards for the correction 
of military records under section 534(c) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 1552 
note) shall include training on each of the following:
            (1) Sexual trauma.
            (2) Intimate partner violence.
            (3) Spousal abuse.
            (4) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--
            (1) In general.--Each Secretary concerned shall 
        develop and provide training for members of discharge 
        review boards under section 1553 of title 10, United 
        States Code, that are under the jurisdiction of such 
        Secretary on each of the following:
                    (A) Sexual trauma.
                    (B) Intimate partner violence.
                    (C) Spousal abuse.
                    (D) The various responses of individuals to 
                trauma.
            (2) Uniformity of training.--The Secretary of 
        Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
        jointly ensure that the training developed and provided 
        pursuant to this subsection is, to the extent 
        practicable, uniform.
            (3) Secretary concerned defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``Secretary concerned'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 
        10, United States Code.

SEC. 526. TIME REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION OF HONORABLE SERVICE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall publish regulations for 
submission and processing of a completed United States 
Citizenship and Immigration Services Form N-426, by a member of 
the Armed Forces. Such regulations shall designate the 
appropriate level for the certifying officer as well as 
establish time requirements for the form to be returned to the 
member of the Armed Forces.

SEC. 527. CORRECTION OF CERTAIN DISCHARGE CHARACTERIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--In accordance with this section, and in a 
manner that is consistent across the military departments to 
the greatest extent practicable, the appropriate board shall, 
at the request of a covered member or the authorized 
representative of a covered member--
            (1) review the discharge characterization of that 
        covered member; and
            (2) change the discharge characterization of that 
        covered member to honorable if the appropriate board 
        determines such change to be appropriate after review 
        under paragraph (1).
    (b) Appeal.--A covered member or the authorized 
representative of that covered member may seek review of a 
decision by the appropriate board not to change the discharge 
characterization of that covered member. Such review may be 
made pursuant to section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, 
section 1553 of such title, or any other process established by 
the Secretary of Defense for such purpose.
    (c) Change of Records.--For each covered member whose 
discharge characterization is changed under subsection (a) or 
(b), the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
issue to the covered member or the authorized representative of 
the covered member a corrected Certificate of Release or 
Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214), or other like form 
regularly used by an Armed Force that--
            (1) reflects the upgraded discharge 
        characterization of the covered member; and
            (2) does not reflect the sexual orientation of the 
        covered member or the original stated reason for the 
        discharge or dismissal of that covered member.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate board'' means a board 
        for the correction of military or naval records under 
        section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, or a 
        discharge review board under section 1553 of such 
        title, as the case may be.
            (2) The term ``authorized representative'' means an 
        heir or legal representative of a covered member.
            (3) The term ``covered member'' means any former 
        member of the Armed Forces who was discharged from the 
        Armed Forces because of the sexual orientation of that 
        member.
            (4) The term ``discharge characterization'' means 
        the characterization assigned to the service of a 
        covered member on the discharge or dismissal of that 
        covered member from service in the Armed Forces.

SEC. 528. DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES FOR USE OF UNOFFICIAL SOURCES OF 
                    INFORMATION TO DETERMINE ELIGIBILITY OF MEMBERS AND 
                    FORMER MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR DECORATIONS 
                    WHEN THE SERVICE RECORDS ARE INCOMPLETE BECAUSE OF 
                    DAMAGE TO THE OFFICIAL RECORD.

    (a) Guidelines Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop guidelines regarding the use by the Secretaries of the 
military departments of unofficial sources of information, 
including eyewitness statements, to determine the eligibility 
of a member or former member of the Armed Forces for 
decorations when the service records of the member are 
incomplete because of damage to the records as a result of the 
1973 fire at the National Personnel Records Center in St. 
Louis, Missouri, or any subsequent incident while the records 
were in the possession of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Time for Completion.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
complete development of the guidelines not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 529. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design 
and implement a five-year strategic plan for diversity and 
inclusion in the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The strategic plan under this section--
            (1) shall incorporate existing efforts to promote 
        diversity and inclusion within the Department; and
            (2) may not conflict with the objectives of the 
        2018 National Military Strategy.
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary shall implement the strategic 
plan under this section not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 530. STUDY REGARDING SCREENING INDIVIDUALS WHO SEEK TO ENLIST IN 
                    THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall study the 
feasibility of, in background investigations and security and 
suitability screenings of individuals who seek to enlist in the 
Armed Forces--
            (1) screening for extremist and gang-related 
        activity; and
            (2) using the following resources of the Federal 
        Bureau of Investigation:
                    (A) The Tattoo and Graffiti Identification 
                Program.
                    (B) The National Gang Intelligence Center.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
an unclassified report in writing to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives containing 
conclusions of the Secretary regarding the study under 
subsection (a).

SEC. 530A. FEASIBILITY STUDY REGARDING NOTIFICATION TO SECRETARY OF 
                    HOMELAND SECURITY OF HONORABLE DISCHARGES OF NON-
                    CITIZENS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall 
study the feasibility of providing the Secretary of Homeland 
Security with a copy of the Certificate of Release or Discharge 
from Active Duty (DD Form 214) or National Guard Report of 
Separation and Record of Service (NGB-22) for each individual 
who is not a citizen of the United States who is honorably 
discharged from the Armed Forces so the Secretary of Homeland 
Security may note such discharge in an I-213 Record of 
Deportable/Inadmissible Alien for that individual.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report regarding the results of the study 
under this section.

SEC. 530B. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ACCESSION PHYSICALS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense 
should explore alternatives to centralized accession physicals 
at Military Entrance Processing Stations, including conducting 
physicals through community health care providers, in order to 
reduce transportation costs, increase efficiency in processing 
times, and free recruiters to focus on the core of the 
recruiting mission.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

SEC. 531. EXPANSION OF PRE-REFERRAL MATTERS REVIEWABLE BY MILITARY 
                    JUDGES AND MILITARY MAGISTRATES IN THE INTEREST OF 
                    EFFICIENCY IN MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 830a of title 
10, United States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), is amended by striking paragraphs (1) and 
(2) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
    ``(1) The President shall prescribe regulations for matters 
relating to proceedings conducted before referral of charges 
and specifications to court-martial for trial, including the 
following:
            ``(A) Pre-referral investigative subpoenas.
            ``(B) Pre-referral warrants or orders for 
        electronic communications.
            ``(C) Pre-referral matters referred by an appellate 
        court.
            ``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or 
        (e) of section 806b of this title (article 6b).
            ``(E) Pre-referral matters relating to the 
        following:
                    ``(i) Pre-trial confinement of an accused.
                    ``(ii) The mental capacity or mental 
                responsibility of an accused.
                    ``(iii) A request for an individual 
                military counsel.
    ``(2) In addition to the matters specified in paragraph 
(1), the regulations prescribed under that paragraph shall--
            ``(A) set forth the matters that a military judge 
        may rule upon in such proceedings;
            ``(B) include procedures for the review of such 
        rulings;
            ``(C) include appropriate limitations to ensure 
        that proceedings under this section extend only to 
        matters that would be subject to consideration by a 
        military judge in a general or special court-martial; 
        and
            ``(D) provide such limitations on the relief that 
        may be ordered under this section as the President 
        considers appropriate.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section 
        is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 830a. Art 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral''.

            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of subchapter VI of chapter 47 of title 
        10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 830a (article 30a) and inserting the following 
        new item:

``830a. 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral.''.

SEC. 532. COMMAND INFLUENCE.

    (a) In General.--Section 837 of title 10, United States 
Code (article 37 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``Unlawfully influencing action of 
        court'' and inserting ``Command influence'';
            (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) No court-martial convening authority, nor any 
other commanding officer, may censure, reprimand, or admonish 
the court or any member, military judge, or counsel thereof, 
with respect to the findings or sentence adjudged by the court, 
or with respect to any other exercise of its or his functions 
in the conduct of the proceeding.
    ``(2) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other 
commanding officer, may deter or attempt to deter a potential 
witness from participating in the investigatory process or 
testifying at a court-martial. The denial of a request to 
travel at government expense or refusal to make a witness 
available shall not by itself constitute unlawful command 
influence.
    ``(3) No person subject to this chapter may attempt to 
coerce or, by any unauthorized means, attempt to influence the 
action of a court-martial or any other military tribunal or any 
member thereof, in reaching the findings or sentence in any 
case, or the action of any convening, approving, or reviewing 
authority or preliminary hearing officer with respect to such 
acts taken pursuant to this chapter as prescribed by the 
President.
    ``(4) Conduct that does not constitute a violation of 
paragraphs (1) through (3) may include, for example--
            ``(A) general instructional or informational 
        courses in military justice if such courses are 
        designed solely for the purpose of instructing persons 
        on the substantive and procedural aspects of courts-
        martial;
            ``(B) statements regarding criminal activity or a 
        particular criminal offense that do not advocate a 
        particular disposition, or a particular court-martial 
        finding or sentence, or do not relate to a particular 
        accused; or
            ``(C) statements and instructions given in open 
        court by the military judge or counsel.
    ``(5)(A) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (3), but 
subject to subparagraph (B)--
            ``(i) a superior convening authority or officer may 
        generally discuss matters to consider regarding the 
        disposition of alleged violations of this chapter with 
        a subordinate convening authority or officer; and
            ``(ii) a subordinate convening authority or officer 
        may seek advice from a superior convening authority or 
        officer regarding the disposition of an alleged offense 
        under this chapter.
    ``(B) No superior convening authority or officer may direct 
a subordinate convening authority or officer to make a 
particular disposition in a specific case or otherwise 
substitute the discretion of such authority or such officer for 
that of the subordinate convening authority or officer.'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``advanced, in grade'' and 
                inserting ``advanced in grade''; and
                    (B) by striking ``accused before a court-
                martial'' and inserting ``person in a court-
                martial proceeding''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(c) No finding or sentence of a court-martial may be held 
incorrect on the ground of a violation of this section unless 
the violation materially prejudices the substantial rights of 
the accused.
    ``(d)(1) A superior convening authority or commanding 
officer may withhold the authority of a subordinate convening 
authority or officer to dispose of offenses in individual 
cases, types of cases, or generally.
    ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1) or as otherwise 
authorized by this chapter, a superior convening authority or 
commanding officer may not limit the discretion of a 
subordinate convening authority or officer to act with respect 
to a case for which the subordinate convening authority or 
officer has authority to dispose of the offenses.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning subchapter VII of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended 
by striking the item relating to section 837 (article 37) and 
inserting the following new item:

``837. Art. 37. Command influence.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
and (b) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act and shall apply with respect to violations of section 837 
of title 10, United States Code (article 37 of the Uniform Code 
of Military Justice), committed on or after such date.

SEC. 533. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR CERTAIN OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 843 of title 10, United States 
Code (article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``maiming of a 
        child, kidnapping of a child,'' after ``sexual assault 
        of a child,''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B)--
                    (A) by striking clauses (ii) and (iv); and
                    (B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause 
                (ii).
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
shall apply with respect to the prosecution of offenses 
committed before, on, or after the date of the enactment of 
this Act if the applicable limitation period has not yet 
expired.

SEC. 534. PUBLIC ACCESS TO DOCKETS, FILINGS, AND COURT RECORDS OF 
                    COURTS-MARTIAL OR OTHER RECORDS OF TRIAL OF THE 
                    MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Section 940a of title 10, United States 
Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and 
        inserting ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, 
        in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security,'';
            (2) in subsection (a), as designated by paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by inserting ``(including with respect to the 
                Coast Guard)'' after ``military justice 
                system''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting 
                ``public'' before ``access to docket 
                information''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(b) Protection of Certain Personally Identifiable 
Information.--Records of trial, docket information, filings, 
and other records made publicly accessible in accordance with 
the uniform standards and criteria for conduct established by 
the Secretary under subsection (a) shall restrict access to 
personally identifiable information of minors and victims of 
crime (including victims of sexual assault and domestic 
violence), as practicable to the extent such information is 
restricted in electronic filing systems of Federal and State 
courts.
    ``(c) Inapplicability to Certain Dockets and Records.--
Nothing in this section shall be construed to provide public 
access to docket information, filings, or records that are 
classified, subject to a judicial protective order, or ordered 
sealed.''.
    (b) Existing Standards and Criteria.--The Secretary of 
Homeland Security shall apply to the Coast Guard the standards 
and criteria for conduct established by the Secretary of 
Defense under section 940a of title 10, United States Code 
(article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as in 
effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, 
until such time as the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Homeland Security, prescribes revised 
standards and criteria for conduct under such section that 
implement the amendments made by subsection (a) of this 
section.

SEC. 535. EXTENSION OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATION, 
                    PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE 
                    ARMED FORCES.

    Section 546(f)(1) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by striking ``five'' and 
inserting ``10''.

SEC. 536. AUTHORITY FOR RETURN OF PERSONAL PROPERTY TO VICTIMS OF 
                    SEXUAL ASSAULT WHO FILE A RESTRICTED REPORT BEFORE 
                    CONCLUSION OF RELATED PROCEEDINGS.

    Section 586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2012 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection 
        (e);
            (2) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, in the 
        subsection heading, by inserting ``in Unrestricted 
        Reporting Cases'' after ``Proceedings''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(f) Return of Personal Property in Restricted Reporting 
Cases.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe procedures 
under which a victim who files a restricted report on an 
incident of sexual assault may request, at any time, the return 
of any personal property of the victim obtained as part of the 
sexual assault forensic examination.
    ``(2) The procedures shall ensure that--
            ``(A) a request of a victim under paragraph (1) may 
        be made on a confidential basis and without affecting 
        the restricted nature of the restricted report; and
            ``(B) at the time of the filing of the restricted 
        report, a Sexual Assault Response Coordinator or Sexual 
        Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocate--
                    ``(i) informs the victim that the victim 
                may request the return of personal property as 
                described in paragraph (1); and
                    ``(ii) advises the victim that such a 
                request for the return of personal property may 
                negatively impact a subsequent case 
                adjudication, if the victim later decides to 
                convert the restricted report to an 
                unrestricted report.
    ``(3) Except with respect to personal property returned to 
a victim under this subsection, nothing in this subsection 
shall affect the requirement to retain a sexual assault 
forensic examination (SAFE) kit for the period specified in 
subsection (c)(4)(A).''.

SEC. 537. GUIDELINES ON SENTENCES FOR OFFENSES COMMITTED UNDER THE 
                    UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Development of Guidelines.--Not later than the date 
specified in subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall 
develop nonbinding guidelines on sentences for offenses under 
chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice). The guidelines shall provide the sentencing 
authority with a suggested range of punishments, including 
suggested ranges of confinement, that will generally be 
appropriate for a violation of each offense under such chapter.
    (b) Sentencing Data.--In developing the guidelines for 
sentences under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
take into account the sentencing data collected by the Military 
Justice Review Panel pursuant to section 946(f)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 146(f)(2) of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice).
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than the date 
specified in subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives--
            (1) the guidelines for sentences developed under 
        subsection (a); and
            (2) an assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of implementing such guidelines in panel 
        sentencing cases.
    (d) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection 
is the date that is not later than one year after the date on 
the which the first report of the Military Justice Review Panel 
is submitted to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives pursuant to section 946(f)(5) 
of title 10, United States Code (article 146(f)(5) of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice).

SEC. 538. NOTIFICATION OF SIGNIFICANT EVENTS AND DOCUMENTATION OF 
                    PREFERENCE FOR PROSECUTION JURISDICTION FOR VICTIMS 
                    OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) Notification to Victims of Events in Military Justice 
Process.--
            (1) Notification required.--A member of the Armed 
        Forces who is the victim of an alleged sexual assault 
        by another member of the Armed Forces shall receive 
        notification of each significant event in the military 
        justice process that relates to the investigation, 
        prosecution, and confinement of such other member for 
        such assault.
            (2) Documentation.--Appropriate documentation of 
        each notification made pursuant to paragraph (1) shall 
        be created and maintained in an appropriate system of 
        records of the military department concerned.
    (b) Documentation of Victim's Preference for Prosecution 
Jurisdiction.--In the case of a member of the Armed Forces who 
is the victim of an alleged sexual assault committed by another 
member of the Armed Forces who is subject to prosecution for 
such offense both by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 
10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
and by a civilian court under Federal or State law, appropriate 
documentation of the preference, if any, of such victim for 
prosecution of such offense by court-martial or by a civilian 
court as provided for by Rule for Courts-Martial 306(e) (as set 
forth in the Manual for Courts-Martial, 2019 edition, or any 
successor rule), shall be created and maintained in an 
appropriate system of records of the military department 
concerned.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations implementing this section.

SEC. 539. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DIGITAL FORENSIC EXAMINERS FOR CERTAIN 
                    MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department 
shall take appropriate actions to increase the number of 
digital forensic examiners in each military criminal 
investigative organization specified in subsection (b) under 
the jurisdiction of such Secretary by not fewer than 10 from 
the authorized number of such examiners for such organization 
as of September 30, 2019.
    (b) Military Criminal Investigative Organizations.--The 
military criminal investigative organizations specified in this 
subsection are the following:
            (1) The Army Criminal Investigation Command.
            (2) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.
            (3) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations.
    (c) Funding.--Funds for additional digital forensic 
examiners as required by subsection (a) for fiscal year 2020, 
including for compensation, initial training, and equipment, 
shall be derived from amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
that fiscal year for the Armed Force concerned for operation 
and maintenance.

SEC. 540. INCREASE IN INVESTIGATIVE PERSONNEL AND VICTIM WITNESS 
                    ASSISTANCE PROGRAM LIAISONS.

    (a) Military Criminal Investigative Services.--Not later 
than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of each military department shall increase the number 
of personnel assigned to the military criminal investigative 
services of the department with the goal of ensuring, to the 
extent practicable, that the investigation of any sex-related 
offense is completed not later than six months after the date 
on which the investigation is initiated. An investigation shall 
be considered completed for purposes of the preceding sentence 
when the active phase of the investigation is sufficiently 
complete to enable the appropriate authority to reach a 
decision with respect to the disposition of charges for the 
sex-related offense.
    (b)  Victim Witness Assistance Program Liaisons.--Not later 
than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of each military department shall increase the number 
of personnel serving as Victim Witness Assistance Program 
liaisons to address personnel shortages in the Victim Witness 
Assistance Program.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to create any right or benefit, substantive or 
procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party 
against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other 
person.

SEC. 540A. TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT INITIAL DISPOSITION AUTHORITIES 
                    ON EXERCISE OF DISPOSITION AUTHORITY FOR SEXUAL 
                    ASSAULT AND COLLATERAL OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--The training for sexual assault initial 
disposition authorities on the exercise of disposition 
authority under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall include comprehensive 
training on the exercise of disposition authority with respect 
to cases for which disposition authority is withheld to such 
authorities pursuant to the memorandum described in subsection 
(b) for the purpose of promoting confidence and trust in the 
military justice process with respect to such cases.
    (b) Memorandum Described.--The memorandum described in this 
subsection is the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense titled 
``Withholding Initial Disposition Authority Under the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice in Certain Sexual Assault Cases'' and 
dated April 20, 2012, or any successor memorandum.

SEC. 540B. TRAINING FOR COMMANDERS IN THE ARMED FORCES ON THEIR ROLE IN 
                    ALL STAGES OF MILITARY JUSTICE IN CONNECTION WITH 
                    SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) In General.--The training provided commanders in the 
Armed Forces shall include comprehensive training on the role 
of commanders in all stages of military justice in connection 
with sexual assaults by members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements To Be Covered.--The training provided pursuant 
to subsection (a) shall include training on the following:
            (1) The role of commanders in each stage of the 
        military justice process in connection with sexual 
        assault committed by a member of the Armed Forces, 
        including investigation and prosecution.
            (2) The role of commanders in assuring that victims 
        of sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are 
        informed of, and have the opportunity to obtain, 
        assistance available for victims of sexual assault by 
        law.
            (3) The role of commanders in assuring that victims 
        of sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are 
        afforded the rights and protections available to 
        victims by law.
            (4) The role of commanders in preventing 
        retaliation against victims, their family members, 
        witnesses, first responders, and bystanders for their 
        their complaints, statements, testimony, and status in 
        connection with sexual assault described in paragraph 
        (1), including the role of commanders in ensuring that 
        subordinates in the command are aware of their 
        responsibilities in preventing such retaliation.
            (5) The role of commanders in establishing and 
        maintaining a healthy command climate in connection 
        with reporting on sexual assault described in paragraph 
        (1), and in the response of the commander, subordinates 
        in the command, and other personnel in the command to 
        such sexual assault, such reporting, and the military 
        justice process in connection with such sexual assault.
            (6) Any other matters on the role of commanders in 
        connection with sexual assault described in paragraph 
        (1) that the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate 
        for purposes of this section.
    (c) Incorporation of Best Practices.--
            (1) In general.--The training provided pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall incorporate best practices on all 
        matters covered by the training.
            (2) Identification of best practices.--The 
        Secretaries of the military departments shall, acting 
        through the training and doctrine commands of the Armed 
        Forces, undertake from time to time surveys and other 
        reviews of the matters covered by the training provided 
        pursuant to subsection (a) in order to identify and 
        incorporate into such training the most current 
        practicable best practices on such matters.
    (d) Uniformity.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
the training provided pursuant to subsection (a) is, to the 
extent practicable, uniform across the Armed Forces.

SEC. 540C. TIMELY DISPOSITION OF NONPROSECUTABLE SEX-RELATED OFFENSES.

    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall develop and implement a policy to ensure the timely 
disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
    (b) Nonprosecutable Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``nonprosecutable sex-related offense'' means 
an alleged sex-related offense (as that term is defined in 
section 1044e(g) of title 10, United States Code) that a court-
martial convening authority has declined to refer for trial by 
a general or special court-martial under chapter 47 of title 
10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
due to a determination that there is insufficient evidence to 
support prosecution of the sex-related offense.

SEC. 540D. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-WIDE POLICY AND MILITARY DEPARTMENT-
                    SPECIFIC PROGRAMS ON REINVIGORATION OF THE 
                    PREVENTION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT INVOLVING MEMBERS OF 
                    THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall develop and issue a comprehensive policy for the 
Department of Defense to reinvigorate the prevention of sexual 
assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Policy Elements.--
            (1) In general.--The policy required by subsection 
        (a) shall include the following:
                    (A) Education and training for members of 
                the Armed Forces on the prevention of sexual 
                assault.
                    (B) Elements for programs designed to 
                encourage and promote healthy relationships 
                among members of the Armed Forces.
                    (C) Elements for programs designed to 
                empower and enhance the role of non-
                commissioned officers in the prevention of 
                sexual assault.
                    (D) Elements for programs to foster social 
                courage among members of the Armed Forces to 
                encourage and promote intervention in 
                situations in order to prevent sexual assault.
                    (E) Processes and mechanisms designed to 
                address behaviors among members of the Armed 
                Forces that are included in the continuum of 
                harm that frequently results in sexual assault.
                    (F) Elements for programs designed to 
                address alcohol abuse, including binge 
                drinking, among members of the Armed Forces.
                    (G) Such other elements, processes, 
                mechanisms, and other matters as the Secretary 
                of Defense considers appropriate.
            (2) Continuum of harm resulting in sexual 
        assault.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(E), the 
        continuum of harm that frequently results in sexual 
        assault includes hazing, sexual harassment, and related 
        behaviors (including language choices, off-hand 
        statements, jokes, and unconscious attitudes or biases) 
        that create a permissive climate for sexual assault.
    (c) Programs Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
issuance of the policy required by subsection (a), each 
Secretary of a military department shall develop and implement 
for each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such Secretary a 
program to reinvigorate the prevention of sexual assaults 
involving members of the Armed Forces. Each program shall 
include the elements, processes, mechanisms, and other matters 
developed by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection 
(a) tailored to the requirements and circumstances of the Armed 
Force or Armed Forces concerned.

SEC. 540E. RECOMMENDATIONS ON SEPARATE PUNITIVE ARTICLE IN THE UNIFORM 
                    CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE ON SEXUAL HARASSMENT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report containing such recommendations as the 
Secretary considers appropriate with respect to the 
establishment of a separate punitive article in chapter 47 of 
title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), on sexual harassment.

SEC. 540F. REPORT ON MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM INVOLVING ALTERNATIVE 
                    AUTHORITY FOR DETERMINING WHETHER TO PREFER OR 
                    REFER CHANGES FOR FELONY OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM 
                    CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 300 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a report setting forth the results of a study, 
        conducted for purposes of the report, on the 
        feasibility and advisability of an alternative military 
        justice system in which determinations as to whether to 
        prefer or refer charges for trial by court-martial for 
        any offense specified in paragraph (2) is made by a 
        judge advocate in grade O-6 or higher who has 
        significant experience in criminal litigation and is 
        outside of the chain of command of the member subject 
        to the charges rather than by a commanding officer of 
        the member who is in the chain of command of the 
        member.
            (2) Specified offense.--An offense specified in 
        this paragraph is any offense under chapter 47 of title 
        10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), for which the maximum punishment authorized 
        includes confinement for more than one year.
    (b) Elements.--The study required for purposes of the 
report under subsection (a) shall address the following:
            (1) Relevant procedural, legal, and policy 
        implications and considerations of the alternative 
        military justice system described in subsection (a).
            (2) An analysis of the following in connection with 
        the implementation and maintenance of the alternative 
        military justice system:
                    (A) Legal personnel requirements.
                    (B) Changes in force structure.
                    (C) Amendments to law.
                    (D) Impacts on the timeliness and 
                efficiency of legal processes and court-martial 
                adjudications.
                    (E) Potential legal challenges to the 
                system.
                    (F) Potential changes in prosecution and 
                conviction rates.
                    (G) Potential impacts on the preservation 
                of good order and discipline, including the 
                ability of a commander to carry out nonjudicial 
                punishment and other administrative actions.
                    (H) Such other considerations as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate.
            (3) A comparative analysis of the military justice 
        systems of relevant foreign allies with the current 
        military justice system of the United States and the 
        alternative military justice system, including whether 
        or not approaches of the military justice systems of 
        such allies to determinations described in subsection 
        (a) are appropriate for the military justice system of 
        the United States.
            (4) An assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of conducting a pilot program to assess 
        the feasibility and advisability of the alternative 
        military justice system, and, if the pilot program is 
        determined to be feasible and advisable--
                    (A) an analysis of potential legal issues 
                in connection with the pilot program, including 
                potential issues for appeals; and
                    (B) recommendations on the following:
                            (i) The populations to be subject 
                        to the pilot program.
                            (ii) The duration of the pilot 
                        program.
                            (iii) Metrics to measure the 
                        effectiveness of the pilot program.
                            (iv) The resources to be used to 
                        conduct the pilot program.

SEC. 540G. REPORT ON STANDARDIZATION AMONG THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS IN 
                    COLLECTION AND PRESENTATION OF INFORMATION ON 
                    MATTERS WITHIN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth the following:
            (1) A plan for actions to provide for 
        standardization, to the extent practicable, among the 
        military departments in the collection and presentation 
        of information on matters within their military justice 
        systems, including information collected and maintained 
        for purposes of section 940a of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), and such other information as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.
            (2) An assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of establishing and maintaining a single, 
        Department of Defense-wide data management system for 
        the standardized collection and presentation of 
        information described in paragraph (1).

SEC. 540H. REPORT ON EXPANSION OF AIR FORCE SAFE TO REPORT POLICY 
                    ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Report.--Not late than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments 
and the Secretary of Homeland Security, submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth an assessment of the 
feasibility and advisability of expanding the applicability of 
the safe to report policy described in subsection (b) so that 
the policy applies across the Armed Forces.
    (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy 
described in this subsection is the policy, currently 
applicable in the Air Force alone, under which a member of the 
Armed Forces who is the victim of an alleged sexual assault 
committed by another member of the Armed Forces, but who may 
have committed minor collateral misconduct at or about the time 
of such alleged sexual assault, or whose minor collateral 
misconduct at or about such time is discovered only as a result 
of the investigation into such alleged sexual assault, may 
report such alleged sexual assault to proper authorities 
without fear or receipt of discipline in connection with such 
minor collateral misconduct.

SEC. 540I. ASSESSMENT OF RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND GENDER DISPARITIES IN THE 
                    MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for 
the carrying out of the activities described in subsections (b) 
and (c) in order to improve the ability of the Department of 
Defense to detect and address racial, ethnic, and gender 
disparities in the military justice system.
    (b) Secretary of Defense and Related Activities.--The 
activities described in this subsection are the following, to 
be commenced or carried out (as applicable) by not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act:
            (1) For each court-martial conducted by an Armed 
        Force after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall require the head of the 
        Armed Force concerned--
                    (A) to record the race, ethnicity, and 
                gender of the victim and the accused, and such 
                other demographic information about the victim 
                and the accused as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate;
                    (B) to include data based on the 
                information described in subparagraph (A) in 
                the annual military justice reports of the 
                Armed Force.
            (2) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
        the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, shall issue guidance 
        that--
                    (A) establishes criteria to determine when 
                data indicating possible racial, ethnic, or 
                gender disparities in the military justice 
                process should be further reviewed; and
                    (B) describes how such a review should be 
                conducted.
            (3) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
        the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, shall--
                    (A) conduct an evaluation to identify the 
                causes of any racial, ethnic, or gender 
                disparities identified in the military justice 
                system;
                    (B) take steps to address the causes of any 
                such disparities, as appropriate.
    (c) DAC-IPAD Activities.--
            (1) In general.--The activities described in this 
        subsection are the following, to be conducted by the 
        independent committee DAC-IPAD:
                    (A) A review and assessment, by fiscal 
                year, of the race and ethnicity of members of 
                the Armed Forces accused of a penetrative 
                sexual assault offense or contact sexual 
                assault offense in an unrestricted report made 
                pursuant to Department of Defense Instruction 
                6495.02, including an unrestricted report 
                involving a spouse or intimate partner, in all 
                cases completed in each fiscal year assessed.
                    (B) A review and assessment, by fiscal 
                year, of the race and ethnicity of members of 
                the Armed Forces against whom charges were 
                preferred pursuant to Rule for Courts-Martial 
                307 for a penetrative sexual assault offense or 
                contact sexual assault offense in all cases 
                completed in each fiscal year assessed.
                    (C) A review and assessment, by fiscal 
                year, of the race and ethnicity of members of 
                the Armed Forces who were convicted of a 
                penetrative sexual assault offense or contact 
                sexual assault offense in all cases completed 
                in each fiscal year assessed.
            (2) Information from federal agencies.--
                    (A) In general.--Upon request by the chair 
                of the committee, a department or agency of the 
                Federal Government shall provide information 
                that the committee considers necessary to 
                conduct reviews and assessments required by 
                paragraph (1), including military criminal 
                investigation files, charge sheets, records of 
                trial, and personnel records.
                    (B) Handling, storage, and return.--The 
                committee shall handle and store all records 
                received and reviewed under this subsection in 
                accordance with applicable privacy laws and 
                Department of Defense policy, and shall return 
                all records so received in a timely manner.
            (3) Report.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the committee shall 
        submit to the Secretary of Defense, and to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives, a report setting forth the 
        results of the reviews and assessments required by 
        paragraph (1). The report shall include such 
        recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the committee considers appropriate in light 
        of such results.
            (4) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``independent committee DAC-
                IPAD'' means the independent committee 
                established by the Secretary of Defense under 
                section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
                ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
                128 Stat. 3374), commonly known as the ``DAC-
                IPAD''.
                    (B) The term ``case'' means an unrestricted 
                report of any penetrative sexual assault 
                offense or contact sexual assault offense made 
                against a member of the Armed Forces pursuant 
                to Department of Defense Instruction 6495.02, 
                including any unrestricted report involving a 
                spouses or intimate partner for which an 
                investigation has been opened by a criminal 
                investigative organization.
                    (C) The term ``completed'', with respect to 
                a case, means that the case was tried to 
                verdict, dismissed without further action, or 
                dismissed and then resolved by non-judicial or 
                administrative proceedings.
                    (D) The term ``contact sexual assault 
                offense'' means aggravated sexual contact, 
                abusive sexual contact, wrongful sexual 
                contact, and attempts to commit such offenses 
                under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
                    (E) The term ``penetrative sexual assault 
                offense'' means rape, aggravated sexual 
                assault, sexual assault, forcible sodomy, and 
                attempts to commit such offenses under the 
                Uniform Code of Military Justice.

SEC. 540J. PILOT PROGRAMS ON DEFENSE INVESTIGATORS IN THE MILITARY 
                    JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department 
shall carry out a pilot program on defense investigators within 
the military justice system under the jurisdiction of such 
Secretary in order to do the following:
            (1) Determine whether the presence of defense 
        investigators within such military justice system 
        will--
                    (A) make such military justice system more 
                effective in providing an effective defense for 
                the accused; and
                    (B) make such military justice system more 
                fair and efficient.
            (2) Otherwise assess the feasibility and 
        advisability of defense investigators as an element of 
        such military justice system.
    (b) Elements.--
            (1) Interview of victim.--A defense investigator 
        may question a victim under a pilot program only upon a 
        request made through the Special Victims' Counsel or 
        other counsel if the victim does not have such counsel.
            (2) Uniformity across military justice systems.--
        The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
        personnel and activities of defense investigators under 
        the pilot programs are, to the extent practicable, 
        uniform across the military justice systems of the 
        military departments.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than three years after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of 
        the military departments, submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the pilot programs under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of each pilot program, 
                including the personnel and activities of 
                defense investigators under such pilot program.
                    (B) An assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of establishing and maintaining 
                defense investigators as an element of the 
                military justice systems of the military 
                departments.
                    (C) If the assessment under subparagraph 
                (B) is that the establishment and maintenance 
                of defense investigators as an element of the 
                military justice systems of the military 
                departments is feasible and advisable, such 
                recommendations for legislative and 
                administrative action as the Secretary of 
                Defense considers appropriate to establish and 
                maintain defense investigators as an element of 
                the military justice systems.
                    (D) Any other matters the Secretary of 
                Defense considers appropriate.

SEC. 540K. REPORT ON PRESERVATION OF RECOURSE TO RESTRICTED REPORT ON 
                    SEXUAL ASSAULT FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT 
                    FOLLOWING CERTAIN VICTIM OR THIRD-PARTY 
                    COMMUNICATIONS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report making findings and 
recommendations on the feasibility and advisability of a policy 
for the Department of Defense that would permit a victim of a 
sexual assault, that is or may be investigated as a result of a 
communication described in subsection (b), which victim is a 
member of the Armed Forces or an adult dependent of a member of 
the Armed Forces, to have the reporting on the sexual assault 
be treated as a restricted report without regard to the party 
initiating or receiving such communication.
    (b) Communications.--A communication described in this 
subsection is a communication reporting a sexual assault as 
follows:
            (1) By the victim to a member of the Armed Forces, 
        whether a commissioned officer or a noncommissioned 
        officer, in the chain of command of the victim or the 
        victim's military sponsor.
            (2) By the victim to military law enforcement 
        personnel or personnel of a military criminal 
        investigative organization (MCIO).
            (3) By any individual other than victim.
    (c) Scope of Findings and Recommendations.--The report 
required by subsection (a) may include recommendations for new 
provisions of statute or regulations, or modification of 
current statute or regulations, that may be required to put 
into effect the findings and recommendations described in 
subsection (a).
    (d) Consultation.--In preparing the report required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with the Defense 
Advisory Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense 
of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces (DAC-IPAD) under section 
546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 
note).

SEC. 540L. REPORT ON ESTABLISHMENT OF GUARDIAN AD LITEM PROGRAM FOR 
                    CERTAIN MILITARY DEPENDENTS WHO ARE A VICTIM OR 
                    WITNESS OF AN OFFENSE UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF 
                    MILITARY JUSTICE INVOLVING ABUSE OR EXPLOITATION.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a report setting forth an assessment of the feasibility 
        and advisability of establishing a guardian ad litem 
        program for military dependents described in paragraph 
        (2) who are a victim or witness of an offense under 
        chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice), that involves an element of 
        abuse or exploitation in order to protect the best 
        interests of such dependents in a court-martial of such 
        offense.
            (2) Covered dependents.--The military dependents 
        described in this paragraph are as follows:
                    (A) Military dependents under 12 years of 
                age.
                    (B) Military dependents who lack mental or 
                other capacity.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of establishing a guardian ad litem 
        program as described in subsection (a).
            (2) If establishment of the guardian ad litem 
        program is considered feasible and advisable, the 
        following:
                    (A) A description of administrative 
                requirements in connection with the program, 
                including the following:
                            (i) Any memoranda of understanding 
                        between the Department of Defense and 
                        State and local authorities required 
                        for purposes of the program.
                            (ii) The personnel, funding, and 
                        other resources required for purposes 
                        of the program.
                    (B) Best practices for the program (as 
                determined in consultation with appropriate 
                civilian experts on child advocacy).
                    (C) Such recommendations for legislative 
                and administration action to implement the 
                program as the Secretary considers appropriate.

SEC. 540M. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                    IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF RECENT 
                    STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS ON SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION 
                    AND RESPONSE IN THE MILITARY.

    (a) Report Required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report, in writing, 
on a study, conducted by the Comptroller General for purposes 
of the report, on the implementation by the Armed Forces of 
statutory requirements on sexual assault prevention and 
response in the military in the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136) and each 
succeeding national defense authorization Act through the John 
S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2019 (Public Law 115-232).
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A list and citation of each statutory 
        requirement (whether codified or uncodified) on sexual 
        assault prevention and response in the military in each 
        national defense authorization Act specified in 
        paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) whether such statutory requirement is 
                still in force; and
                    (B) if such statutory requirement is no 
                longer in force, the date of the repeal or 
                expiration of such requirement.
            (2) For each statutory requirement listed pursuant 
        to paragraph (1), the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the extent to which 
                such requirement was implemented, or is 
                currently being implemented, as applicable, by 
                each Armed Force to which such requirement 
                applied or applies.
                    (B) A description and assessment of the 
                actions taken by each of the Department of 
                Defense, the military department concerned, and 
                the Armed Force concerned to assess and 
                determine the effectiveness of actions taken 
                pursuant to such requirement in meeting its 
                intended objective.
            (3) Any other matters in connection with the 
        statutory requirements specified in subsection (a), and 
        the implementation of such requirements by the Armed 
        Forces, that the Comptroller General considers 
        appropriate.
    (c) Briefings.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Comptroller 
General shall provide to the committees referred to in 
subsection (a) one or more briefings on the status of the study 
required by subsection (a), including any preliminary findings 
and recommendations of the Comptroller General as a result of 
the study as of the date of such briefing.

SEC. 540N. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE PORT CHICAGO 50.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the American people should recognize the role 
        of racial bias during the era in which the prosecution 
        and convictions of the Port Chicago 50 took place for 
        mutiny following the deadliest home-front disaster in 
        World War II, in which 320 were killed on July 17, 
        1944, during a munitions explosion; and
            (2) in light of the well-documented challenges 
        associated with uniformed service by African Americans 
        during this era, the Secretary of the Navy should, as 
        appropriate, recommend executive action in favor of the 
        49 remaining Sailors with general court-martial 
        convictions and the 207 remaining Sailors with summary 
        court-martial convictions.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

SEC. 541. IMPROVEMENT OF CERTAIN SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Enhancement of Legal Consultation and Assistance in 
Connection With Potential Victim Benefits.--Paragraph (8)(D) of 
subsection (b) of section 1044e of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``and other'' and inserting ``, 
section 1408(h) of this title, and other''.
    (b) Expansion of Legal Assistance Authorized to Include 
Consultation and Assistance for Retaliation.--Subsection (b) of 
such section is amended further--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph 
        (11); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following 
        new paragraph (10):
            ``(10) Legal consultation and assistance in 
        connection with an incident of retaliation, whether 
        such incident occurs before, during, or after the 
        conclusion of any criminal proceedings, including--
                    ``(A) in understanding the rights and 
                protections afforded to victims of retaliation;
                    ``(B) in the filing of complaints; and
                    ``(C) in any resulting military justice 
                proceedings.''.
    (c) Staffing Caseload Levels.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as 
        subsections (h) and (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following 
        new subsection (g):
    ``(g) Staffing Caseload Levels.--Commencing not later than 
four years after the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, each Secretary 
concerned shall ensure that the number of Special Victims' 
Counsel serving in each military department (and with respect 
to the Coast Guard) is sufficient to ensure that the average 
caseload of a Special Victims' Counsel does not exceed, to the 
extent practicable, 25 cases any given time.''.

SEC. 542. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL AT MILITARY 
                    INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Deadline for Availability.--Section 1044e(f) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), if a Special Victims' 
Counsel is not available at a military installation for access 
by a member of the armed forces who requests access to a 
Special Victims' Counsel, a Special Victims' Counsel shall be 
made available at such installation for access by such member 
by not later than 72 hours after such request.
    ``(B) If the Secretary concerned determines that, due to 
exigent circumstances related to military activities, a Special 
Victims' Counsel cannot be made available to a member of the 
armed forces within the time period required by subparagraph 
(A), the Secretary concerned shall ensure that a Special 
Victims' Counsel is made available to such member as soon as is 
practical under such circumstances.''.
    (b) Report on Civilian Support of SVCs.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
Secretary of a military department shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth the assessment of such 
Secretary of the feasibility and advisability of establishing 
and maintaining for each Special Victims' Counsel under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary one or more civilian positions 
for the purpose of--
            (1) providing support to such Special Victims' 
        Counsel; and
            (2) ensuring continuity and the preservation of 
        institutional knowledge in transitions between the 
        service of individuals as such Special Victims' 
        Counsel.

SEC. 543. NOTIFICATION OF ISSUANCE OF MILITARY PROTECTIVE ORDER TO 
                    CIVILIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) Notification of Issuance.--Section 1567a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``and any 
        individual involved in the order does not reside on a 
        military installation at any time during the duration 
        of the military protective order, the commander of the 
        military installation shall notify'' and inserting ``, 
        the commander of the unit to which the member is 
        assigned shall, not later than seven days after the 
        date of the issuance of the order, notify'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection 
        (c);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
        new subsection (b);
    ``(b) Notification in Event of Transfer.--In the event that 
a member of the armed forces against whom a military protective 
order is issued is transferred to another unit--
            ``(1) not later than the date of the transfer, the 
        commander of the unit from which the member is 
        transferred shall notify the commander of the unit to 
        which the member is transferred of--
                    ``(A) the issuance of the protective order; 
                and
                    ``(B) the individuals involved in the 
                order; and
            ``(2) not later than seven days after receiving the 
        notice under paragraph (1), the commander of the unit 
        to which the member is transferred shall provide notice 
        of the order to the appropriate civilian authorities in 
        accordance with subsection (a).''; and
            (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by 
        striking ``commander of the military installation'' and 
        inserting ``commander of the unit to which the member 
        is assigned''.
    (b) Annual Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, 
and each year thereafter through 2025, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
that identifies--
            (1) the number of military protective orders issued 
        in the calendar year preceding the year in which the 
        report is submitted; and
            (2) the number of such orders that were reported to 
        appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with 
        section 1567a(a) of title 10, United States Code, in 
        such preceding year.

SEC. 544. COPYRIGHT PROTECTION FOR CIVILIAN FACULTY OF CERTAIN 
                    ACCREDITED INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 105 of title 17, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) In general.--'' before 
        ``Copyright''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Copyright Protection of Certain of Works.--Subject to 
subsection (c), the covered author of a covered work owns the 
copyright to that covered work.
    ``(c) Use by Federal Government.--The Secretary of Defense 
may direct the covered author of a covered work to provide the 
Federal Government with an irrevocable, royalty-free, world-
wide, nonexclusive license to reproduce, distribute, perform, 
or display such covered work for purposes of the United States 
Government.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `covered author' means a civilian 
        member of the faculty of a covered institution.
            ``(2) The term `covered institution' means the 
        following:
                    ``(A) National Defense University.
                    ``(B) United States Military Academy.
                    ``(C) Army War College.
                    ``(D) United States Army Command and 
                General Staff College.
                    ``(E) United States Naval Academy.
                    ``(F) Naval War College.
                    ``(G) Naval Post Graduate School.
                    ``(H) Marine Corps University.
                    ``(I) United States Air Force Academy.
                    ``(J) Air University.
                    ``(K) Defense Language Institute.
                    ``(L) United States Coast Guard Academy.
            ``(3) The term `covered work' means a literary work 
        produced by a covered author in the course of 
        employment at a covered institution for publication by 
        a scholarly press or journal.''.

SEC. 545. TERMINATION OF LEASES OF PREMISES AND MOTOR VEHICLES OF 
                    SERVICEMEMBERS WHO INCUR CATASTROPHIC INJURY OR 
                    ILLNESS OR DIE WHILE IN MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) Catastrophic Injuries and Illnesses.--Subsection (a) of 
section 305 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
3955), as amended by section 301 of the Veterans Benefits and 
Transition Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-407), is further amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Catastrophic injury or illness of lessee.--
        The spouse of the lessee on a lease described in 
        subsection (b) may terminate the lease during the one-
        year period beginning on the date on which the lessee 
        incurs a catastrophic injury or illness (as that term 
        is defined in section 439(g) of title 37, United States 
        Code), if the lessee incurs the catastrophic injury or 
        illness during a period of military service or while 
        performing full-time National Guard duty, active Guard 
        and Reserve duty, or inactive-duty training (as such 
        terms are defined in section 101(d) of title 10, United 
        States Code).''.
    (b) Deaths.--Paragraph (3) of such subsection is amended by 
striking ``in subsection (b)(1)'' and inserting ``in subsection 
(b)''.

SEC. 546. MILITARY ORDERS REQUIRED FOR TERMINATION OF LEASES PURSUANT 
                    TO THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    Section 305(i) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 
U.S.C. 3955) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(including 
        orders for separation or retirement)'' after ``official 
        military orders''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term 
        `permanent change of station' includes separation or 
        retirement from military service.''.

SEC. 547. PRESERVATION OF RIGHT TO BRING CLASS ACTION UNDER 
                    SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    (a) In General.--Section 802(a) of the Servicemembers Civil 
Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 4042(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) be a representative party on behalf of 
        members of a class or be a member of a class, in 
        accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, 
        notwithstanding any previous agreement to the 
        contrary.''.
    (b) Construction.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall not be construed to imply that a person aggrieved by a 
violation of such Act did not have a right to bring a civil 
action as a representative party on behalf of members of a 
class or be a member of a class in a civil action before the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 548. LEGAL COUNSEL FOR VICTIMS OF ALLEGED DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 
                    OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall carry out a program to provide legal 
counsel (referred to in this section as ``Counsel'') to victims 
of alleged domestic violence offenses who are otherwise 
eligible for military legal assistance under section 1044 of 
title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Form of Implementation.--The program required under 
subsection (a) may be carried out as part of another program of 
the Department of Defense or through the establishment of a 
separate program.
    (c) Training and Terms.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that Counsel--
            (1) receive specialized training in legal issues 
        commonly associated with alleged domestic violence 
        offenses; and
            (2) to the extent practicable, serve as Counsel for 
        a period of not less than 2 years.
    (d) Attorney-client Relationship.--The relationship between 
a Counsel and a victim in the provision of legal advice and 
assistance shall be the relationship between an attorney and 
client.
    (e) Paralegal Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that sufficient trained paralegal support is provided to 
Counsel under the program.
    (f) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a report on the implementation of the program under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the 
                manner in which the Department of Defense will 
                implement the program required under subsection 
                (a).
                    (B) An explanation of whether the program 
                will be carried out as part of another program 
                of the Department or through the establishment 
                of a separate program.
                    (C) A comprehensive description of the 
                additional personnel, resources, and training 
                that will be required to implement the program, 
                including identification of the specific number 
                of additional billets that will be needed to 
                staff the program.
                    (D) Recommendations for any modifications 
                to law that may be necessary to effectively and 
                efficiently implement the program.
    (g) Alleged Domestic Violence Offense Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``alleged domestic violence offense'' means 
any allegation of--
            (1) a violation of section 928(b), 928b(1), 
        928b(5), or 930 of title 10, United States Code 
        (article 128(b), 128b(1), 128b(5), or 130 of the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice), when committed 
        against a spouse, intimate partner, or immediate family 
        member;
            (2) a violation of any other provision of 
        subchapter X of chapter 47 of such title (the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice), when committed against a 
        spouse, intimate partner, or immediate family member; 
        or
            (3) an attempt to commit an offense specified in 
        paragraph (1) or (2) as punishable under section 880 of 
        such title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice).

SEC. 549. NOTICE TO VICTIMS OF ALLEGED SEXUAL ASSAULT OF PENDENCY OF 
                    FURTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION FOLLOWING A 
                    DETERMINATION NOT TO REFER TO TRIAL BY COURT-
                    MARTIAL.

    Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, 
upon a determination not to refer a case of alleged sexual 
assault for trial by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 
10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
the commander making such determination shall periodically 
notify the victim of the status of a final determination on 
further action on such case, whether non-judicial punishment 
under section 815 of such title (article 15 of the Uniform Code 
of Military Justice), other administrative action, or no 
further action. Such notifications shall continue not less 
frequently than monthly until such final determination.

SEC. 550. TREATMENT OF INFORMATION IN CATCH A SERIAL OFFENDER PROGRAM 
                    FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.

    (a) Treatment Under FOIA.--Victim disclosures under the 
Catch a Serial Offender Program shall be withheld from public 
disclosure under paragraph (b)(3) of section 552 of title 5, 
United States Code (commonly referred to as the ``Freedom of 
Information Act'').
    (b) Preservation of Restricted Report.--The transmittal or 
receipt in connection with the Catch a Serial Offender Program 
of a report on a sexual assault that is treated as a restricted 
report shall not operate to terminate its treatment or status 
as a restricted report.

SEC. 550A. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ON REGISTRATION AT MILITARY 
                    INSTALLATIONS OF CIVILIAN PROTECTIVE ORDERS 
                    APPLICABLE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED 
                    TO SUCH INSTALLATIONS AND CERTAIN OTHER 
                    INDIVIDUALS.

    (a) Policies and Procedures Required.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of Defense shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of the 
military departments, establish policies and procedures for the 
registration at military installations of any civilian 
protective orders described in subsection (b), including the 
duties and responsibilities of commanders of installations in 
the registration process.
    (b) Civilian Protective Orders.--A civilian protective 
order described in this subsection is any civilian protective 
order as follows:
            (1) A civilian protective order against a member of 
        the Armed Forces assigned to the installation 
        concerned.
            (2) A civilian protective order against a civilian 
        employee employed at the installation concerned.
            (3) A civilian protective order against the 
        civilian spouse or intimate partner of a member of the 
        Armed Forces on active duty and assigned to the 
        installation concerned, or of a civilian employee 
        described in paragraph (2), which order provides for 
        the protection of such member or employee.
    (c) Particular Elements.--The policies and procedures 
required by subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) A requirement for notice between and among the 
        commander, military law enforcement elements, and 
        military criminal investigative elements of an 
        installation when a member of the Armed Forces assigned 
        to such installation, a civilian employee employed at 
        such installation, a civilian spouse or intimate 
        partner of a member assigned to such installation, or a 
        civilian spouse or intimate partner of a civilian 
        employee employed at such installation becomes subject 
        to a civilian protective order.
            (2) A statement of policy that failure to register 
        a civilian protective order may not be a justification 
        for the lack of enforcement of such order by military 
        law enforcement and other applicable personnel who have 
        knowledge of such order.
    (d) Letter.--As soon as practicable after establishing the 
policies and procedures required by subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a letter that 
includes the following:
            (1) A detailed description of the policies and 
        procedures.
            (2) A certification by the Secretary that the 
        policies and procedures have been implemented on each 
        military installation.

SEC. 550B. DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
                    MISCONDUCT.

    (a) Establishment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish and maintain within the Department of Defense 
        an advisory committee to be known as the ``Defense 
        Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
        Misconduct'' (in this section referred to as the 
        ``Advisory Committee'').
            (2) Deadline for establishment.--The Secretary 
        shall establish the Advisory Committee not later than 
        one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall 
        consist of not more than 20 members, appointed by the 
        Secretary from among individuals who have an expertise 
        appropriate for the work of the Advisory Committee, 
        including at least one individual with each expertise 
        as follows:
                    (A) Expertise in the prevention of sexual 
                assault and behaviors on the sexual assault 
                continuum of harm.
                    (B) Expertise in adverse behaviors, 
                including the prevention of suicide and the 
                prevention of substance abuse.
                    (C) Expertise in the change of culture of 
                large organizations.
                    (D) Expertise in implementation science.
            (2) Background of individuals.--Individuals 
        appointed to the Advisory Committee may include 
        individuals with expertise in sexual assault prevention 
        efforts of institutions of higher education, public 
        health officials, and such other individuals as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.
            (3) Prohibition on membership of members of armed 
        forces on active duty.--A member of the Armed Forces 
        serving on active duty may not serve as a member of the 
        Advisory Committee.
    (c) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall 
        advise the Secretary on the following:
                    (A) The prevention of sexual assault 
                (including rape, forcible sodomy, other sexual 
                assault, and other sexual misconduct (including 
                behaviors on the sexual assault continuum of 
                harm)) involving members of the Armed Forces.
                    (B) The policies, programs, and practices 
                of each military department, each Armed Force, 
                and each military service academy for the 
                prevention of sexual assault as described in 
                subparagraph (A).
            (2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of 
        providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this 
        subsection, the Advisory Committee shall review, on an 
        ongoing basis, the following:
                    (A) Closed cases involving allegations of 
                sexual assault described in paragraph (1).
                    (B) Efforts of institutions of higher 
                education to prevent sexual assault among 
                students.
                    (C) Any other information or matters that 
                the Advisory Committee or the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
            (3) Coordination of efforts.--In addition to the 
        reviews required by paragraph (2), for purposes of 
        providing advice to the Secretary the Advisory 
        Committee shall also consult and coordinate with the 
        Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
        Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
        Forces (DAC-IPAD) on matters of joint interest to the 
        two Advisory Committees.
    (d) Annual Report.--Not later than March 30 each year, the 
Advisory Committee shall submit to the Secretary and the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the activities of the Advisory 
Committee pursuant to this section during the preceding year.
    (e) Sexual Assault Continuum of Harm.--In this section, the 
term ``sexual assault continuum of harm'' includes--
            (1) inappropriate actions (such as sexist jokes), 
        sexual harassment, gender discrimination, hazing, cyber 
        bullying, or other behavior that contributes to a 
        culture that is tolerant of, or increases risk for, 
        sexual assault; and
            (2) maltreatment or ostracism of a victim for a 
        report of sexual misconduct.
    (f) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), the Advisory Committee shall terminate on the date 
        that is five years after the date of the establishment 
        of the Advisory Committee pursuant to subsection (a).
            (2) Continuation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
        continue the Advisory Committee after the termination 
        date applicable under paragraph (1) if the Secretary 
        determines that continuation of the Advisory Committee 
        after that date is advisable and appropriate. If the 
        Secretary determines to continue the Advisory Committee 
        after that date, the Secretary shall notify the 
        Committees on the Armed Services of the Senate and 
        House of Representatives.

SEC. 550C. TRAINING FOR SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL ON CIVILIAN CRIMINAL 
                    JUSTICE MATTERS IN THE STATES OF THE MILITARY 
                    INSTALLATIONS TO WHICH ASSIGNED.

    (a) Training.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection 
        (c), upon the assignment of a Special Victims' Counsel 
        (including a Victim Legal Counsel of the Navy) to a 
        military installation in the United States, such 
        Counsel shall be provided appropriate training on the 
        law and policies of the State or States in which such 
        military installation is located with respect to the 
        criminal justice matters specified in paragraph (2). 
        The purpose of the training is to assist such Counsel 
        in providing victims of alleged sex-related offenses 
        with information necessary to make an informed decision 
        regarding preference as to the jurisdiction (whether 
        court-martial or State court) in which such offenses 
        will be prosecuted.
            (2) Criminal justice matters.--The criminal justice 
        matters specified in this paragraph, with respect to a 
        State, are the following:
                    (A) Victim rights.
                    (B) Prosecution of criminal offenses.
                    (C) Sentencing for conviction of criminal 
                offenses.
                    (D) Protective orders.
    (b) Alleged Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``alleged sex-related offense'' means any allegation 
of--
            (1) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 
        of title 10, United States Code (article 120, 120b, 
        120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice); 
        or
            (2) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
        paragraph (1) as punishable under section 880 of title 
        10, United States Code (article 80 of the Uniform Code 
        of Military Justice).
    (c) Exception.--The requirements of this section do not 
apply to a Special Victims' Counsel of the Coast Guard.

SEC. 550D. ENHANCING THE CAPABILITY OF MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE 
                    ORGANIZATIONS TO PREVENT AND COMBAT CHILD SEXUAL 
                    EXPLOITATION.

    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall establish and carry out an initiative to enhance the 
capability of mil