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116th Congress  }                                             {   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session     }                                             {  116-435

======================================================================



 
 TO DESIGNATE THE NATIONAL PULSE MEMORIAL LOCATED AT 1912 SOUTH ORANGE 
        AVENUE, ORLANDO, FLORIDA, 32806, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

                                _______
                                

 June 24, 2020.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Grijalva, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3094]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Natural Resources, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 3094) to designate the National Pulse Memorial 
located at 1912 South Orange Avenue, Orlando, Florida, 32806, 
and for other purposes, having considered the same, reports 
favorably thereon with an amendment and recommends that the 
bill as amended do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. DESIGNATION OF NATIONAL PULSE MEMORIAL.

  (a) In General.--The Pulse Memorial located at 1912 South Orange 
Avenue, Orlando, Florida, 32806, is designated as the ``National Pulse 
Memorial''.
  (b) Effect of Designation.--The national memorial designated by this 
section is not a unit of the National Park System and the designation 
of the National Pulse Memorial shall not require or permit Federal 
funds to be expended for any purpose related to that national memorial.

                          PURPOSE OF THE BILL

    The purpose of H.R. 3094 is to designate the National Pulse 
Memorial located at 1912 South Orange Avenue, Orlando, Florida, 
32806, and for other purposes.

                  BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION

    In the early hours of June 12, 2016, more than 300 people 
were gathered at Pulse, an LGBTQ nightclub in Orlando, Florida, 
on the club's ``Latin Night.'' Around 2:00 a.m., an American-
born man who had pledged allegiance to ISIS opened fire in the 
nightclub, beginning a horrific three-hour standoff between the 
shooter and Orlando police and the deadliest mass shooting by a 
single shooter in U.S. history at the time. The attack killed 
49 people and wounded more than 50 others. This shooting was 
also the deadliest attack ever directed against the LGBTQ 
community in U.S. history and is the second-deadliest terrorist 
attack in U.S. history.\1\ President Obama called the event an 
``act of terror'' and an ``act of hate.''\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\See, e.g., Frank Straub, Jack Cambria, Jane Castor, Ben Gorban, 
Brett Meade, David Waltemeyer & Jennifer Zeunik, Critical Response 
Initiative, Rescue, Response, and Resilience: A Critical Incident 
Review of the Orlando Public Safety Response to the Attack on the Pulse 
Nightclub, at 121 (2017), https://cops.usdoj.gov/RIC/Publications/cops-
w0857-pub.pdf.
    \2\Barack Obama, President of the United States, Remarks by the 
President on Mass Shooting in Orlando (June 12, 2016), https://
obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2016/06/12/remarks-
president-mass-shooting-orlando.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    H.R. 3094 designates the National Pulse Memorial at 1912 
South Orange Avenue, Orlando, Florida. The national memorial 
would not be a unit of the National Park System, and the bill 
stipulates that no federal funds may be used for any purpose 
related to the designation of the national memorial.

                            COMMITTEE ACTION

    H.R. 3094 was introduced on June 4, 2019, by Representative 
Darren Soto (D-FL). The bill was referred solely to the 
Committee on Natural Resources, and within the Committee to the 
Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests, and Public Lands. On 
December 4, 2019, the Subcommittee held a hearing on the bill. 
On March 11, 2020, the Natural Resources Committee met to 
consider the bill. The Subcommittee was discharged by unanimous 
consent. Chair Raul M. Grijalva (D-AZ) offered an amendment in 
the nature of a substitute. The amendment was agreed to by 
unanimous consent. The bill, as amended, was adopted and 
ordered favorably reported to the House of Representatives by 
unanimous consent.

                                HEARINGS

    For the purposes of section 103(i) of H. Res. 6 of the 
116th Congress--the following hearing was used to develop or 
consider H.R. 3094: legislative hearing by the Subcommittee on 
National Parks, Forests, and Public Lands held on December 4, 
2019.

            COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

      COMPLIANCE WITH HOUSE RULE XIII AND CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT

    1. Cost of Legislation and the Congressional Budget Act. 
With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) and (3) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
sections 308(a) and 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974, the Committee has received the following estimate for the 
bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                      Washington, DC, June 4, 2020.
Hon. Raul M. Grijalva,
Chairman, Committee on Natural Resources,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 3094, a bill to 
designate the National Pulse Memorial located at 1912 South 
Orange Avenue, Orlando, Florida, 32806, and for other purposes.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is David Hughes.
            Sincerely,
                                         Phillip L. Swagel,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.

    
    

    H.R. 3094 would designate the Pulse Memorial located at 
1912 South Orange Avenue, Orlando, Florida, as the ``National 
Pulse Memorial.'' The bill would prohibit federal funds from 
being used on any activities related to the memorial, and would 
not designate the memorial as a unit of the National Park 
System. Because of those provisions, CBO estimates that 
implementing H.R. 3094 would not affect the federal budget.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is David Hughes. 
The estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy 
Director of Budget Analysis.
    2. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general performance goals and 
objectives of this bill are to designate the National Pulse 
Memorial located at 1912 South Orange Avenue, Orlando, Florida, 
32806.

                           EARMARK STATEMENT

    This bill does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined 
under clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

                 UNFUNDED MANDATES REFORM ACT STATEMENT

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                           EXISTING PROGRAMS

    This bill does not establish or reauthorize a program of 
the federal government known to be duplicative of another 
program.

                  APPLICABILITY TO LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

               PREEMPTION OF STATE, LOCAL, OR TRIBAL LAW

    Any preemptive effect of this bill over state, local, or 
tribal law is intended to be consistent with the bill's 
purposes and text and the Supremacy Clause of Article VI of the 
U.S. Constitution.

                        CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW

    If enacted, this bill would make no changes to existing 
law.

        SUPPLEMENTAL, MINORITY, ADDITIONAL, OR DISSENTING VIEWS

    None.