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[House Report 116-444]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



 
 
116th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session                                                     116-444

======================================================================



 
 STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 
                                  2021

                                _______
                                

 July 13, 2020.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mrs. Lowey of New York, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 7608]

    The Committee on Appropriations submits the following 
report in explanation of the accompanying bill making 
appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, 
and related programs, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
2021, and for other purposes.

                        INDEX TO BILL AND REPORT

                                                            Page Number

                                                            Bill Report
Overview...................................................

Title I--Department of State and Related Agency:
Department of State:
        Administration of Foreign Affairs..................     2
                                                                     10
        Diplomatic Programs................................     2
                                                                     11
        Capital Investment Fund............................     6
                                                                     20
        Office of Inspector General........................     6
                                                                     20
        Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs.........     7
                                                                     21
        Representation Expenses............................     8
                                                                     24
        Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials.......     8
                                                                     24
        Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance....     8
                                                                     25
        Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service.     9
                                                                     27
        Repatriation Loans Program Account.................    10
                                                                     27
        Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan........    10
                                                                     27
        International Center, Washington, District of 
            Columbia.......................................    11
                                                                     28
        Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and 
            Disability Fund................................    11
                                                                     28
International Organizations:
        Contributions to International Organizations.......    11
                                                                     28
        Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
            Activities.....................................    13
                                                                     31
International Commissions:
        International Boundary and Water Commission, United 
            States and Mexico..............................    16
                                                                     32
        American Sections, International Commissions.......    17
                                                                     33
        International Fisheries Commissions................    17
                                                                     33
        Related Agency.....................................    18
                                                                     34
                United States Agency for Global Media......    18
                                                                     34
                    International Broadcasting Operations..    18
                                                                     35
                    Broadcasting Capital Improvements......    20
                                                                     38
        Related Programs...................................    21
                                                                     38
                The Asia Foundation........................    21
                                                                     38
                United States Institute of Peace...........    21
                                                                     38
                Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue 
                    Trust Fund.............................    21
                                                                     39
                Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program.....    22
                                                                     39
                Israeli Arab Scholarship Program...........    22
                                                                     39
                East-West Center...........................    23
                                                                     39
                National Endowment for Democracy...........    23
                                                                     40
        Other Commissions..................................    24
                                                                     41
                Commission for the Preservation of 
                    America's Heritage Abroad..............    24
                                                                     41
                United States Commission on International 
                    Religious Freedom......................    24
                                                                     41
                Commission on Security and Cooperation in 
                    Europe.................................    25
                                                                     41
                Congressional-Executive Commission on the 
                    People's Republic of China.............    25
                                                                     41
                United States-China Economic and Security 
                    Review Commission......................    25
                                                                     42
Title II--United States Agency for International 
    Development:
        Funds Appropriated to the President................    26
                                                                     42
                Operating Expenses.........................    26
                                                                     42
                Capital Investment Fund....................    27
                                                                     45
                Office of Inspector General................    28
                                                                     45
Title III-- Bilateral Economic Assistance:
        Funds Appropriated to the President:...............    28
                                                                     45
                Global Health Programs.....................    28
                                                                     45
                Development Assistance.....................    31
                                                                     51
                International Disaster Assistance..........    31
                                                                     58
                International Humanitarian Assistance......
                                                                     60
                Transition Initiatives.....................    32
                                                                     60
                Complex Crises Fund........................    33
                                                                     60
                Economic Support and Development Fund......
                                                                     61
                Economic Support Fund......................    33
                                                                     61
                Democracy Fund.............................    35
                                                                     64
                Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central 
                    Asia...................................    36
                                                                     65
        Department of State:...............................    38
                                                                     66
                Migration and Refugee Assistance...........    38
                                                                     66
                United States Emergency Refugee and 
                    Migration Assistance Fund..............    39
                                                                     70
        Independent Agencies:..............................    39
                                                                     70
                Peace Corps................................    39
                                                                     70
                Millennium Challenge Corporation...........    41
                                                                     72
                Inter-American Foundation..................    42
                                                                     72
                United States African Development 
                    Foundation.............................    42
                                                                     73
        Department of the Treasury:........................    44
                                                                     73
                International Affairs Technical Assistance.    44
                                                                     73
                Debt Restructuring.........................    44
                                                                     73
Title IV--International Security Assistance:
        Department of State:...............................    45
                                                                     74
                International Narcotics Control and Law 
                    Enforcement............................    45
                                                                     74
                Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining 
                    and Related Programs...................    47
                                                                     76
                Peacekeeping Operations....................    48
                                                                     78
        Funds Appropriated to the President:...............    50
                                                                     79
                International Military Education and 
                    Training...............................    50
                                                                     79
                Foreign Military Financing Program.........    50
                                                                     80
Title V--Multilateral Assistance:
        Funds Appropriated to the President:...............    54
                                                                     82
                International Organizations and Programs...    54
                                                                     82
        International Financial Institutions...............    54
                                                                     83
                Global Environment Facility................    54
                                                                     84
                Contribution to the International Bank for 
                    Reconstruction and Development.........    55
                                                                     84
                Contribution to the International 
                    Development Association................    56
                                                                     85
                Contribution to the Asian Development Fund.    56
                                                                     85
                Contribution to the African Development 
                    Bank...................................    56
                                                                     85
                Contribution to the African Development 
                    Fund...................................    57
                                                                     85
                Contribution to the International Fund for 
                    Agricultural Development...............    57
                                                                     85
                Contribution to the North American 
                    Development Bank.......................    57
                                                                     86
Title VI--Export and Investment Assistance:
        Export-Import Bank of the United States............    58
                                                                     86
        United States International Development Finance 
            Corporation....................................    61
                                                                     87
        Trade and Development Agency.......................    65
                                                                     90
Title VII--General Provisions:
Title VIII--Coronavirus Pandemic Preparedness and Response 
    Emergency Funding:
        Department of State:...............................   296
                                                                    137
                Diplomatic Programs........................   296
                                                                    137
                Office of Inspector General................   296
                                                                    137
United States Agency for International Development:
        Funds Appropriated to the President................   297
                                                                    138
                Operating Expenses.........................   297
                                                                    138
                Office of Inspector General................   297
                                                                    138
                Global Health Programs.....................   298
                                                                    138
                Development Assistance.....................   300
                                                                    138
                International Disaster Assistance..........   301
                                                                    138
                Economic Support Fund......................   301
                                                                    138
                Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central 
                    Asia...................................   302
                                                                    139
        Department of State:...............................   302
                                                                    139
                Migration and Refugee Assistance...........   302
                                                                    139
        Independent Agencies:..............................   303
                                                                    139
                Inter-American Foundation..................   303
                                                                    139
                United States African Development 
                    Foundation.............................   303
                                                                    139
Multilateral Assistance:
        Funds Appropriated to the President:...............   304
                                                                    139
                International Organizations and Programs...   304
                                                                    139
                General Provisions.........................   304
                                                                    140
Title IX--Middle East Partnership for Peace Act of 2020:

                  SUMMARY OF COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

    The Committee recommendation for fiscal year 2021 for the 
activities under the jurisdiction of the Subcommittee on State, 
Foreign Operations, and Related Programs totals $55,850,000,000 
in new non-emergency discretionary budget authority, which, 
excluding FY 2020 United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) 
and COVID-19 emergency supplemental funding of $2,717,000,000, 
is $1,165,000,000 above the fiscal year 2020 enacted level and 
$11,139,276,000 above the fiscal year 2021 request.
    Recognizing a continuing need in fiscal year 2021, the 
Committee provides $8,000,000,000 designated as Overseas 
Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism (OCO/GWOT) 
pursuant to the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control 
Act of 1985 (BBEDCA) which is the same as the fiscal year 2020 
enacted level. Such funds are contained under the headings in 
titles I through IV of this Act. The Committee continues to 
direct that such OCO/GWOT funds are to be used to complement 
base requirements and not be limited to regional restrictions 
or to specific operations in countries in conflict, or areas of 
instability and violence. The Committee intends that OCO/GWOT 
resources are to be used for, but not limited to, activities 
that maximize efforts with respect to security, stabilization, 
and peacekeeping programs; humanitarian activities; and counter 
narcotics, counterterrorism and counterinsurgency efforts.
    In addition, the recommendation includes $10,018,550,000 in 
emergency funding for coronavirus preparedness, response, and 
relief under title VIII. Combined with the $55,850,000,000 in 
base and OCO/GWOT new budget authority, the total for the 
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs bill is 
$65,868,550,000 in fiscal year 2021.

                                 SUMMARY TABLE: AMOUNTS IN NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                              FY 2021 Budget   FY 2021 Committee
                         Title                            FY 2020 Enacted        Request         Recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title I--Department of State and Related Agency........     16,565,282,000     13,875,658,000     16,344,337,000
Title II--United States Agency for International             1,663,046,000      1,591,747,000      1,678,026,000
 Development...........................................
Title III--Bilateral Economic Assistance...............     25,961,989,000     19,623,490,000     26,945,921,000
Title IV--International Security Assistance............      9,013,947,000      7,729,655,000      9,015,197,000
Title V--Multilateral Assistance.......................      2,082,280,000      1,481,244,000      2,041,319,000
Title VI--Export and Investment Assistance.............        -22,800,000        345,928,000        -99,800,000
Title VII--General Provisions..........................       -578,744,000         63,000,000        -75,000,000
Title VII--Coronavirus Pandemic Preparedness and                       n/a                  0     10,018,550,000
 Response Emergency Funding............................
United States, Mexico, and Canada Agreement                    215,000,000                n/a                n/a
 Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2019 (P.L. 116-113)..
Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Emergency              1,250,000,000                n/a                n/a
 Supplemental (P.L. 116-123)...........................
Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES        1,252,000,000                n/a                n/a
 Act) (P.L. 116-136)...................................
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
    Total..............................................     57,402,000,000     44,710,722,000     65,868,550,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

          RESULTS, OVERSIGHT, TRANSPARENCY, AND ACCOUNTABILITY

    The diplomatic engagement and foreign assistance accounts 
funded in this Act support vital development programs that save 
lives and address the root causes of suffering, forced 
migration, and conflict. The Committee recognizes that an 
effective foreign assistance program must set transparent goals 
and measure progress toward those goals in tangible ways. 
Sufficient resource levels are provided to measure and collect 
results. Data-driven results should be the yardstick for 
measuring the success of United States assistance programs. To 
this end, effective foreign aid programming must consider the 
host country context, especially government policies that 
affect sectors in which United States assistance operates. It 
must also consider the private sector, including foreign 
capital and trade flows, as well as assistance provided by 
other donors, both official and unofficial.
    The recommendation continues to prioritize the proper 
management of taxpayer dollars, including strong internal 
controls, reduced inefficiency, ineffectiveness, and waste, 
fraud, or abuse; and a focus on results, and customer service 
for all United States Government agencies under the 
jurisdiction of this Act. The Committee continues its focus on 
reducing unnecessary expenditures and expects the departments 
and agencies funded by this Act to work with the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB) to identify cost savings and 
efficiencies where possible. The Committee directs agencies to 
provide information on the reduction of printing and 
reproduction costs in the congressional budget justification 
(CBJ) for fiscal year 2022 including cost savings achieved in 
fiscal year 2021 because of such efforts. In addition, the 
Committee understands that, as the largest advertiser in the 
United States, the federal government should work to ensure 
fair access to its advertising contracts for small 
disadvantaged businesses and businesses owned by minorities and 
women. The Committee directs the Department and agencies under 
the jurisdiction of this Act to include the following 
information in its fiscal year 2022 budget justification: 
expenditures for fiscal year 2021 and expected expenditures for 
fiscal year 2022, respectively, for (1) all contracts for 
advertising services; and (2) contracts for the advertising 
services of (a) socially and economically disadvantaged small 
business concerns (as defined in section 8(a)(4) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)(4)); and (b) women- and 
minority-owned businesses disaggregated by race and gender.

 REPROGRAMMING, NOTIFICATION, REPORTING, AND CONSULTATION REQUIREMENTS

    The Committee recommendation grants limited reprogramming 
authorities to ensure that funds are devoted to the highest 
priorities, particularly due to changes in circumstances of 
countries facing unrest, terrorism, and violence. The Committee 
notes that reprogramming notifications must be submitted 
subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations. For the purposes of this Act and 
report, ``regular notification procedures'' means notification 
must be provided at least 15 days in advance of obligation of 
funds unless otherwise specified. The Committee continues to 
permit the waiver of such notification procedures, pursuant to 
section 7015(e) of this Act, only if failure to do so would 
pose a substantial risk to human health or welfare. The 
Committee expects the use of this authority to be extremely 
rare and directs the Secretary of State and the USAID 
Administrator to use this authority judiciously. Additional 
notification requirements are added in fiscal year 2021 to 
ensure appropriate Congressional oversight of funds.
    The Committee emphasizes that all reports are required to 
be completed in the timeframe noted in each respective 
directive. Moreover, the Committee expects that the conditions 
associated with funding appropriated by this Act shall be 
accomplished in the manner as directed in the report.
    The Committee directs that for the purposes of this Act and 
report, the term ``prior consultation'' means a pre-decisional 
engagement between a relevant Federal agency and the Committees 
on Appropriations during which the Committees are provided a 
meaningful opportunity to provide facts and opinions to inform: 
(1) the use of funds; (2) the development, content, or conduct 
of a program or activity; or (3) a decision to be taken.
    The Committee further directs the Secretary of State and 
USAID Administrator to submit notifications for the obligation 
of funds made available by this Act and prior Acts not later 
than 60 days prior to the expiration of such funds. 
Congressional notifications submitted by the Secretary of State 
and USAID Administrator for funds that are being reallocated 
prior to initial obligation, reprogrammed, or reobligated after 
deobligation, shall, to the maximum extent practicable, contain 
detailed information about the sources of the funds and why 
such funds are no longer intended to be used as previously 
justified.

                     BUDGET JUSTIFICATION MATERIALS

    The Committee notes pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 1105 the 
President is required to submit a budget estimate to Congress 
not later than the first Monday in February of each year. The 
Committee is concerned with the supporting information provided 
by the Department of State and the timeliness of the 
Department's documents. While OMB presents the budget volumes 
in a manner which meets the statutory deadline, the supporting 
information from the Department is provided months later and 
often without meaningful and relevant budget information. The 
late submission of this supporting material undermines the 
ability of the Committees on Appropriations to conduct a 
thorough and detailed review of the President's budget request.
    The Committee notes with great displeasure that the 
Secretary of State continues to ignore the requirements of 
section 7061(e)(1) of the fiscal year 2020 Act and section 
653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (FAA). The Foreign 
Assistance Appendix for fiscal year 2021 was not received until 
March 27, 2020, 47 days after the release of the President's 
fiscal year 2021 budget and the fiscal year 2019 653(a) report, 
due March 19, 2019, was not received until after the end of 
such fiscal year. This is unacceptable and lessens the efficacy 
of the resources provided for vital national security 
activities.
    Additionally, the Committee is aware that OMB and the 
National Security Council (NSC) are unnecessarily involved in 
the production and review of foreign assistance funding and 
policy decisions and needlessly hinder the execution of 
programming. The Committee remains concerned with the inability 
of the Department of State to deliver the 653(a) report within 
the 30-day time period mandated by the FAA after enactment of 
an appropriation. The Committee has included in section 7019(c) 
a limitation on any deviation of funding until the 653(a) 
report is provided. The Committee encourages the Secretary to 
request a change in the underlying authorization if additional 
time is necessary to produce this essential document.
    The Committee continues to stress its expectation that the 
Department of State, USAID, and the other international affairs 
agencies under the jurisdiction of this Act will prudently, and 
in a timely fashion, obligate the funds appropriated by the 
fiscal year 2021 Department of State, Foreign Operations, and 
Related Programs Appropriations Act, and prior Acts, during 
their periods of availability. The Committee is hopeful that 
the extraordinary action included in section 7019(c) will 
reinforce the Secretary of State, as the designated arbiter in 
the Executive Branch regarding foreign policy and foreign 
assistance funding, in addressing the deficiencies in meeting 
these Congressional directives.

                           BILL ORGANIZATION

    The Committee recommendation, as detailed in this Act and 
report, deletes, modifies, or moves previously provided 
legislative provisions that are addressed elsewhere in 
permanent law, outdated, pending consideration by the 
appropriate authorizing committee, or are no longer necessary 
or applicable. The recommendation continues to provide OCO/GWOT 
funds with enduring funds to offer a transparent accounting of 
the resources needed to fund United States foreign policy and 
national security interests.
    The Committee continues to redirect development and most 
democracy and governance activities to the Development 
Assistance or Democracy Fund accounts, and away from the 
shorter-term diplomatic-political initiatives better suited to 
the Economic Support Fund account. The recommendation seeks to 
provide a greater distinction between, and protection of, long-
term development, health, democracy and governance from 
geopolitical upheaval, ensuring that conditioning of aid or 
changing political leadership in recipient countries does not 
negatively affect programs, projects and activities that 
primarily benefit the most vulnerable.
    The recommendation also proposes language to reverse the 
President's Mexico City Policy and modify the unnecessary 
restrictions on family planning and health funding but does not 
change any of the 14 provisions in existing law carried by 
prior Acts that prohibit United States assistance from being 
used to fund abortions abroad. The Committee has moved all 
family planning language provisions, formerly under the Global 
Health Programs (GHP) account and in various sections in prior 
Acts, to the Global Health general provision (section 7068) in 
this Act.
    The Committee recommendation provides additional support to 
multilateral efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in this 
and prior Acts. The recommendation also strengthens 
conservation and environment programs, and it continues funding 
for adaption and renewable energy programs at prior year 
levels.
    The Committee continues to be concerned with the timely 
obligation and prudent expenditure of resources. The Committee 
notes that accounts with a two-year period of availability do 
not begin planning for programs until the end of year one and 
often do not entail significant obligations or expenditures 
until late in the second year, immediately before expiration. 
As a result, large obligations are made late in the fiscal year 
into broad bilateral agreements or ``strategic agreements'' 
with no intent to expend or program such funding in an 
expeditious manner. This is not consistent with congressional 
intent. Therefore, the Committee recommendation includes a 
limitation on the authorities contained in section 7011 of this 
Act, reducing the de-obligation/re-obligation period of 
availability from 4 years to 2 years.
    The Committee recommendation includes new language in 
section 7011(b) and (c) that would extend the period of 
availability to 90 days from the date on which the availability 
of such funds would expire if the President proposes a 
rescission within 60 days of the initial expiration of 
availability, and requires that no additional conditions or 
limitations not carried in this Act may preclude timely 
apportionment and obligation of resources.
    The tables in the report within the appropriations headings 
in titles III through VI and under the sections in title VII 
are subject to the terms and conditions of section 7019 of this 
Act and shall be used as the basis for the section 653(a) 
report that is due to Congress 30 days after enactment of this 
Act.

               DIPLOMATIC SECURITY AND STAFFING RESOURCES

    The Committee continues to prioritize the security of 
diplomatic and development staff and the facilities where they 
work by providing $6,071,348,000, for Embassy Security, 
Construction, and Maintenance and Worldwide Security 
Protection, which is $692,176,000 above the President's 
request.
    The recommendation provides sufficient resources to 
maintain the Department of State and USAID's Foreign Service 
Officer Corps and Civil Service workforce to levels achieved at 
the end of calendar year 2016. The Committee emphasizes 
resources are available for requisite training, support, and 
security costs associated with these positions. Only a strong 
and capable Department of State and USAID, with well-staffed 
embassies and missions, can effectively represent the interests 
of the United States abroad.

                        MULTILATERAL COOPERATION

    The Committee recommendation affirms support for 
multilateral organizations to expand and extend the influence 
of the United States and maximize resources, enhancing the 
value of the tax dollars appropriated. The Committee recognizes 
that international multilateral programs are central to 
achieving United States strategic objectives overseas. Disease, 
displacement, conflict, disasters, terrorism, and economic 
strife threaten the security, safety, and well-being of 
Americans at home and abroad. Multilateral cooperation saves 
lives, alleviates suffering, maintains our global leadership, 
and helps open global market opportunities. The Committee 
believes that investing in these areas builds resilience and 
promotes stability that is essential to advancing American 
interests while leveraging other donor funds. The Committee is 
alarmed by the Administration's continued ``go it alone'' 
approach to foreign assistance, which creates costly, 
duplicative, and untested parallel delivery and implementation 
mechanisms. The Committee notes this is fiscally irresponsible 
management of tax dollars.

                             GLOBAL HEALTH

    As we have seen in the COVID-19 pandemic, all global health 
is interrelated, and the safety of United States citizens is 
dependent on the strength of every nations' global health 
system. The world's health systems are only as strong as the 
weakest link. The Committee proposes to take a holistic 
approach to global health recognizing the importance of strong 
health systems in low- and middle-income countries as necessary 
to the sustainment of global health success and progress in 
preventing and responding to public health emergencies, 
emerging health threats, and communicable diseases. This 
includes voluntary family planning, reproductive health, 
maternal health, and prevention, screening, diagnosis, and 
treatment of infectious and non-communicable diseases. Success 
in one area of global health supports progress against other 
diseases. The Committee remains deeply concerned with the 
Administration's reductionist approach to health services as 
evidenced by attaching expanded Mexico City limitations on all 
global health funding. This policy undermines vital life-saving 
programs and is incongruent with the outcomes this bill aspires 
to achieve: safer births, lowering of maternal and infant 
mortality rates, less unwanted pregnancies, and fewer 
abortions. These outcomes lead to healthier family units, 
stronger communities, increased development and economic 
growth, and less vulnerability to extremist activities.

                              HUMAN RIGHTS

    The Committee remains committed to the protection and 
promotion of human rights and the preservation of dignity of 
all people including those most vulnerable and marginalized. 
The Committee provides funding to advance this mission by 
targeting a range of basic human rights including, but not 
limited to, food security, health, education, freedom from 
discrimination, freedom of expression, and physical security. 
At a time when malign forces and actors take advantage of 
vulnerable situations and people to erode human rights, create 
fear, and centralize corrupt power, the United States must 
exert leadership globally to foster more tolerance and 
compassion and uphold our core values. None of the funds made 
available by this Act may be awarded to any organization, 
program or activity that discriminates on the basis of age, 
disability, sex, race, color, national origin, religion, gender 
identity, or sexual orientation.

                        FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee notes that the Commerce, Justice, Science, 
and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2021 directs the 
Attorney General to establish a training program to cover the 
use of force and de-escalation, racial profiling, implicit 
bias, and procedural justice, to include training on the duty 
of Federal law enforcement officers to intervene in cases where 
another law enforcement officer is using excessive force, and 
make such training a requirement for Federal law enforcement 
officers. The Committee further notes that the Department and 
agencies funded by this Act employ Federal law enforcement 
officers and are Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers 
partner organizations. The Committee directs the Department and 
agencies to adopt and follow the training program established 
by the Attorney General, and to make such training a 
requirement for its Federal law enforcement officers. The 
Committee further directs the Department and agencies to brief 
the Committees on Appropriations on their efforts relating to 
training not later than 90 days after the Attorney General has 
established such a training program.
    In addition, the Committee directs the Department and 
agencies, to the extent that such Department and agencies have 
not already done so, to submit their use of force data to the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)'s National Use of Force 
Data Collection database. The Committee further directs the 
Department and agencies to brief the Committees on 
Appropriations not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act on their current efforts to tabulate and submit its use of 
force data to the FBI.

                           SECURITY PROGRAMS

    The Committee notes with concern increasing attacks on 
democratic principles, disregard of the rule of law, and a 
weakening of respect for human and civil rights. The operations 
of agencies involved in diplomacy and development, and the 
programs carried out overseas in coordination with local 
implementers, are critical components of our national security 
framework, but it is all part of a complete approach that 
includes all three aspects of United States global leadership: 
diplomacy, development, and security. It is in this vein the 
Committee continues its focus on supporting programs that are 
critical to the national security interests of the United 
States and remains committed to the security of our allies and 
partners.
    The Committee recommendation includes continued support for 
critical allies such as Israel, Jordan, Mexico, Colombia, and 
India, as well as Ukraine, Georgia, and the Baltic allies who 
are on the front line in opposition to renewed Russian 
aggression. The security and stability of our allies directly 
affect the United States.
    Security assistance efforts worldwide counter violent 
extremism, terrorism, narcotics trafficking, poaching, and 
weapons proliferation. Security programs support law 
enforcement, judicial reform, border control, peacekeeping, 
demining, weapons destruction, and rule of law efforts. The 
Committee notes that lawless societies often serve as breeding 
grounds for extremist ideologies and individuals. Working in 
cooperation with allied countries and multilateral 
organizations, our investments in security actors overseas 
strengthen the global influence of the United States and yield 
great dividends over time.
    The Committee believes the funds provided by this Act are 
essential for addressing the challenges facing America's 
national security. The Committee recommendation prioritizes 
strategic investments in diplomacy, development and security. 
By providing sufficient resources to the Department of State, 
the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 
and other international agencies under the jurisdiction of this 
Subcommittee, the Committee believes such aid will reduce 
global poverty, strengthen democratic political systems, and 
create greater political and economic stability in the world.

            TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY


                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE


                   Administration of Foreign Affairs

    The Committee recommendation for Administration of Foreign 
Affairs provides funds for the broad range of activities 
necessary to support the operations and activities of more than 
275 diplomatic and consular posts in 190 countries. The 
Committee recommends a total of $12,429,669,000 for such 
activities in fiscal year 2021, of which $3,105,309,000 is 
designated for OCO/GWOT. Of the total amount provided, 
$12,270,769,000 is appropriated as discretionary funds by this 
Act and $158,900,000 is appropriated as mandatory funds 
pursuant to the Foreign Service Act of 1980. The budget request 
does not seek funding for OCO/GWOT.
    Embassy security.--The Committee recommendation provides 
$6,071,348,000 for embassy security, which is the same as the 
fiscal year 2020 enacted level and $692,176,000 above the 
fiscal year 2021 request. Funds are made available for: (1) the 
purchase of property and for construction, rehabilitation, and 
maintenance of safe and secure United States diplomatic and 
consular missions and other posts overseas; (2) the cost to the 
Department of State associated with the Marine Security Guard 
Program; (3) domestic security responsibilities; and (4) the 
personnel and equipment required to protect United States 
Government property and employees and their families under 
Chief of Mission (COM) authority overseas.

                            EMBASSY SECURITY
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Program/Activity                     Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Worldwide Security Protection........................         $4,095,899
Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance......          1,975,449
                                                      ------------------
    Total, Embassy Security..........................          6,071,348
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          DIPLOMATIC PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level\1\.....................    $9,125,687,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................     8,489,887,000
Committee recommendation\2\...........................     9,188,195,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +62,508,000
    Change from request...............................      +698,308,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2020 enacted level includes $2,626,122,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.
\2\The fiscal year 2021 recommendation includes $2,626,122,000 under
  this heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.

    The Committee recommendation includes $9,188,195,000 for 
Diplomatic Programs, including up to $4,095,899,000 for 
Worldwide Security Protection (WSP). Of this amount, 
$2,626,122,000 is designated for OCO/GWOT.
    In addition, the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response 
Supplemental Appropriations Act (Public Law 116-123) included 
$264,000,000 and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic 
Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included 
$324,000,000 for Diplomatic Programs to prevent, prepare for, 
and respond to coronavirus, including for evacuation expenses, 
emergency preparedness, maintaining consular operations and 
other operations and maintenance requirements related to 
coronavirus.
    Funds made available under this heading are allocated in 
the following manner:
    Human resources.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$2,999,725,000 for human resources, of which $543,687,000 is 
for WSP. Funds support American salaries at overseas and 
domestic United States diplomatic missions. The Committee 
recommendation includes sufficient funds above the enacted 
level to continue on-board permanent Foreign Service and Civil 
Service at not less than fiscal year 2016 levels.
    Overseas programs.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$1,840,143,000 for overseas programs. Funds for overseas 
programs support the operational programs of regional bureaus 
of the Department of State and the operations of United States 
embassies, consulates, and other diplomatic posts worldwide. 
The Committee directs the Department of State to create and 
fill not less than 100 mid-level Foreign Service Officer 
positions (grades FS-03, FS-02, and FS-01) at overseas posts in 
fiscal year 2021.
    Diplomatic policy and support.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $774,882,000 for the operational 
programs and management offices of the functional bureaus of 
the Department of State. The Committee recommendation includes 
$1,000,000 for the Office of the Special Coordinator for 
Tibetan Issues to carry out the responsibilities detailed in 
section 21(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228).
    Security programs.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$3,573,445,000 for security programs, of which $3,552,212,000 
is for WSP. Funds support the personnel, equipment, and 
training necessary for the protection of diplomatic personnel, 
overseas diplomatic missions, residences, and domestic 
facilities and information.

Consular and Border Security Program

    In addition to the funds appropriated under this heading, 
additional funds will become available through currently 
authorized fees and surcharges, as well as proposed extensions 
of expiring fees and surcharges, if authorized, for the 
Consular and Border Security Program. These funds will support 
the passport and visa program and maintain consular operations 
that protect United States citizens overseas, safeguard 
security interests of the United States, facilitate entry of 
legitimate travelers, and foster economic growth.
    Visa adjudication.--The Committee urges the Department of 
State to prioritize visa adjudication for individuals invited 
to the United States by a member of Congress for official 
business.
    The Committee is concerned with reports of B1/B2 visa 
adjudication interview wait times that exceed over ten days and 
encourages the Department of State to establish standards for 
this service, while ensuring that security and other advisory 
opinion requests are clear and complete. The Committee includes 
further language under Report in this heading.

Report

    Visa adjudication.--The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, 
not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, identifying 
each consular post with B1/B2 visa adjudication interview wait 
times exceeding 10 days on average in any month in fiscal year 
2020, factors contributing to increased wait times, and an 
action plan to address such factors.

Worldwide Security Protection

    The Committee recommendation includes $4,095,899,000 for 
WSP, of which, $2,626,122,000 is designated for OCO/GWOT. 
Within the total, $543,687,000 is for Human Resources and 
$3,552,212,000 is for Security Programs.
    The WSP program provides critical funding for the 
protection of life, property, and information of the Department 
of State and supports a worldwide guard force protecting more 
than 275 overseas diplomatic missions, residences, and 
facilities and 105 domestic offices. The resources provided 
will support more than 3,100 regional security officers and 
40,000 guards to provide perimeter security and access control. 
Funds also support enhanced high threat protection, security 
technology, cyber and information security, secure diplomatic 
courier operations, and protective services for the Secretary 
of State, the United States Ambassador to the United Nations 
(UN), and foreign dignitaries visiting the United States.
    The Committee recommendation includes not less than the 
$54,000,000 requested for the purchase, installation, 
maintenance, and related support mechanisms necessary for the 
deployment of High Definition Secure Video Systems (HDSVS) 
worldwide and an increase of $18,000,000 for 110 new agents and 
14 other Diplomatic Security personnel to address critical 
overseas vacancies and alleviate current demands on annual 
Temporary Duty Security Special Agents working to protect 
overseas missions.
    Within the amount provided for WSP, the Committee 
recommendation includes the increase of $4,000,000 requested 
for the Bureau of Medical Services to support 14 new positions. 
Additionally, funding is included for the Directorate of 
Operational Medicine which has responsibility for contingency 
medical preparedness, the Department's biocontainment 
evacuation response, the capability to support short-notice 
transnational deployment of security and crisis response teams, 
and to evacuate COM personnel from posts in crisis.
    The Committee has concerns that the Department of State 
continues to be at risk and a top target for foreign government 
hackers. In order to prevent potential cyber intrusions by 
unauthorized devices connected to agency networks and to 
protect the Personally Identifiable Information of Department 
employees, the Committee directs the Department to maintain an 
accurate list of Information Technology (IT) assets. The 
Committee recognizes the importance of maintaining accurate IT 
lists and the implementation of basic cybersecurity standards, 
so that sensitive data is not compromised.

Other Matters

    Artificial intelligence.--The Committee encourages the 
Department of State, in coordination with other relevant 
agencies, to support partnerships between the United States and 
its allies on the establishment of standards for artificial 
intelligence technologies. The Committee includes further 
language under Reports in this heading.
    Child abduction and access.--The Committee recognizes that 
the Goldman Act (Public Law 113-150) is a valuable tool in 
securing the return of abducted American citizen children 
transported abroad. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to pressure countries to cooperate in the resolution of 
such cases and to count all unresolved cases against a country 
whether or not the case occurred before the country's accession 
to the Hague Convention. Further, the Committee directs the 
Secretary to take one or more of actions 4 through 8 contained 
in section 202(d) of the Goldman Act if actions 1 through 3 
have already been taken and the country continues a pattern of 
noncompliance as described in the Act. The Committee expects 
the Secretary of State to comply with the detailed 
justification requirements when making use of the waiver in 
section 204 of such Act, specifically the reason, if any, for 
why actions 4 through 8 under subsection (d) are not being 
taken and should consider taking further actions described in 
section 201(b) for unresolved cases of more than one year.
    Combating Anti-Semitism.--The Committee recommendation 
includes not less than $500,000 for the Office to Monitor and 
Combat Anti-Semitism as authorized by the Global Anti-Semitism 
Review Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-332). The Committee 
recognizes the important work of the Special Envoy to Monitor 
and Combat Anti-Semitism given the rise of anti-Semitism and 
the increase in anti-Semitic incidents around the world. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to ensure the Office 
of the Special Envoy has sufficient resources and staff.
    Designation of Foreign Terrorist Organizations.--The 
Committee recognizes the Bureau for Counterterrorism's recent 
designation of an international white nationalist group as a 
Foreign Terrorist Organization and notes the important role 
this designation plays in United States law enforcement efforts 
to better track and prosecute domestic terrorists who provide 
material support to such groups. The Committee directs the 
Department to expeditiously conduct a thorough examination of 
extremist nationalist groups abroad to determine if they should 
be designated as Foreign Terrorist Organizations and report 
back to the Committees on Appropriations of any findings.
    Directorate of Operational Medicine.--The Committee 
recommendation includes funds for training and readiness 
exercises to protect the health of Federal employees stationed 
overseas.
    Electronic health records.--The Committee supports the 
development of an electronic health records systems for the 
Department of State and directs that such system should be 
interoperable with other Federal government health records 
systems to the maximum extent possible.
    Evidence-based policy and evaluations.--The Committee notes 
the importance of evidence-based policymaking and evaluations 
as detailed in Public Law 115-435, the Foundations for 
Evidence-based Policymaking Act. The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with the USAID 
Administrator, to the maximum extent practicable, to include 
evidence of effectiveness as a factor for all competitive and 
non-competitive contracts, grants and cooperative agreements at 
the Department of State and USAID. The Committee includes 
further language under Reports in this heading.
    Global Engagement Center (GEC).--The Committee continues to 
support the work of the GEC. The Committee remains concerned 
about foreign propaganda, disinformation, the malicious use of 
social media, and other hybrid threats directed at the United 
States and our allies and partners, especially as carried out 
by China, Russia, Iran and extremists groups. The Committee 
directs the GEC to expand, as appropriate, the use of 
technologies and techniques to counter these threats. The 
operating plan required by section 7061 of this Act should 
describe the GEC's coordination with other Department of State 
bureaus and the Department of Defense with respect to the 
proposed use of all funds in fiscal year 2021. The Committee 
understands that the Inspector General has reported on 
deficiencies in the GEC's management of grants (AUD-MERO-20-
26). The Committee directs the leadership of the GEC to report 
not later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act to the 
appropriate congressional committees on efforts to remedy this 
situation.
    Global Magnitsky Act.--The Committee recommendation 
includes funds at not less than prior year levels for 
enforcement of the Global Magnitsky Act.
    Holocaust issues.--The Committee recognizes the important 
work of the Office of Holocaust Issues and directs the 
Secretary of State to ensure the Office has funding consistent 
with prior years to continue efforts to bring a measure of 
justice and assistance to Holocaust victims and their families 
and to assure that the Holocaust is remembered properly and 
accurately.
    International religious freedom.--The Committee is pleased 
that the Department of State, through the Office of 
International Religious Freedom, is working to advance 
religious freedom programs and initiatives as a critical 
component of United States diplomatic efforts, pursuant to the 
International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) of 1998. The 
Committee encourages the Secretary of State to consider 
elevating the position of the Ambassador-at-Large for Religious 
Freedom within the organizational structure of the Department 
of State.
    The Committee recognizes that the steady growth of 
religious persecution and decline of religious freedom around 
the world highlight the need to have United States diplomats 
trained to understand and advocate for religious freedom, as 
required by IRFA. The Committee recommendation includes up to 
$600,000 to continue the development of religious freedom 
training curriculum pursuant to Section 103 of the Frank R. 
Wolf International Religious Freedom Act (Public Law 114-281).
    The Committee supports the United States Helsinki 
Commission and the Office of International Religious Freedom's 
On the Road to Inclusion program and efforts by Department of 
State to encourage representative governance and advance social 
inclusion and social cohesion in European societies, and 
includes funds under this heading to expand the program to up 
to 12 cities in Europe in fiscal year 2021.
    Non-proliferation and arms control.--The Committee 
recommendation includes funding at not less than prior year 
levels for the Bureau for Arms Control and Verification and the 
Bureau for International Security and Nonproliferation. The 
Committee includes further language under Reports in this 
heading.
    Notification of repatriation flights.--The Committee 
directs the Department of State to notify members of Congress 
when repatriation flights are planned to land in their 
respective congressional districts.
    Monitoring and combating trafficking in persons.--The 
Committee recommendation includes $16,000,000 for the Office to 
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, as authorized by the 
Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, as amended. Funds 
are provided to ensure the Office can fulfill the statutory 
mandates, including to support the coordination of the 
President's Interagency Task Force and Senior Policy Operating 
Group, deployment of rapid response teams, production of the 
Trafficking in Persons Report, implementation of child 
protection compacts, diplomatic engagement and technical 
assistance, and management and oversight of assistance 
appropriated in this Act to combat trafficking in persons.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to post the 
National Human Trafficking Resources Center hotline, email 
address, and website information in all United States embassies 
and consulates in areas where visa applications are processed. 
The Committee recommendation includes funding for the Global 
Human Trafficking Hotline.
    Procurement.--The Secretary of State is directed to expand 
opportunities for cooperatives and small businesses to compete 
for Department of State contracts and grants, including 
minority-owned, veteran, and disadvantaged small businesses, as 
well as faith-based organizations. The Committee expects the 
Department to comply with the requirements of the Javits-
Wagner-O'Day Act. The Committee includes further language under 
Reports in this heading.
    Staff care and resilience.--The Committee is concerned 
about the health impacts on State Department employees working 
in high-stress environments such as conflict and post-conflict 
zones. The Committee supports State Department efforts to 
provide staff care and resilience tools to its employees. The 
Committee includes further language under Reports in this 
heading.
    State Partnership Program.--The Committee believes the 
National Guard State Partnership Program strengthens security 
and disaster response cooperation between the United States and 
nations participating in the partnership and builds 
professionalism and respect for civilian control of the 
military. The Committee expects the Department of State and the 
Department of Defense to continue to inform United States 
Embassy officials and foreign governments about the value of 
the State Partnership Program, including the objectives of the 
program, examples of successful engagements, and COM and 
Combatant Commander requests for the program.
    Special Envoy for UN Integrity.--The Committee 
recommendation includes funds for the Special Envoy for UN 
Integrity and supports the efforts of this new position.
    Transboundary watersheds.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $500,000 for the Bureau of Oceans and International 
Environmental and Scientific Affairs for leading an interagency 
working group, which has been tasked with identifying the gaps 
and limitations within the Memoranda of Understanding between 
British Columbia and Alaska, Washington, Idaho, and Montana, 
relating to British Columbia mining within United States-
British Columbia transboundary watersheds.
    United States citizens' deaths overseas.--Section 204(c) of 
Public Law 107-228, the Foreign Relations Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003, mandates that, to the maximum extent 
practicable, the Department of State collect and make available 
on the Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs website 
information with respect to each United States citizen who dies 
in a foreign country from a non-natural cause. To improve data 
collection, the Department shall include the age and gender of 
the deceased and, when available, specific details on the site 
and circumstances of the incident.
    Vacancies in ambassadorships and senior leadership 
positions.--The Committee is concerned with continued high 
vacancy rates in senior leadership positions in the Department 
and ambassadorships overseas. The Committee includes further 
language under Reports in this heading.
    Western Hemisphere Affairs.--The Committee supports steps 
taken by the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs to promote 
stable democracies throughout the region through racial and 
ethnic equality initiatives, including coordinating and 
implementing the joint action plans developed with the 
governments of Colombia and Brazil. The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State to expand the programs of the Race, 
Ethnicity, and Social Inclusion Unit in the Bureau for Western 
Hemisphere Affairs to additional regions. The Committee 
includes further language under Reports in this heading.
    Workforce diversity.--The Committee recommendation includes 
funding to expand the Department of State's efforts to increase 
diversity in hiring, retention, and promotion within its 
workforce, including to continue and expand its recruitment 
programs, professional development activities for mid-career 
and senior executives, and outreach efforts. The Committee 
supports ongoing partnerships between the Department of State 
and community colleges, universities, and other institutions to 
improve the diversity and excellence of the United States 
Foreign Service (Foreign Service) by preparing both graduate 
and undergraduate students for positions in the Foreign 
Service, such as the Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs 
Fellowship and Charles B. Rangel International Affairs 
programs. The Committee encourages the Secretary of State to 
explore new opportunities to partner with Hispanic-Serving 
Institutions, Historically Black Colleges and Universities, 
Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving 
institutions, and Tribal Colleges and Universities to further 
the goal of increasing workforce diversity. The Committee 
includes further language under Reports in this heading.

Reports

    Artificial intelligence.--The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act, detailing a plan to establish exchanges and partnerships 
between the United States and its allies to create standards 
for artificial intelligence technologies.
    Evidence-based policy and evaluations.--The Committee 
directs the Secretary of State, in consultation with the USAID 
Administrator, to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act, on the implementation of the Foundations for Evidence-
based Policymaking Act (Public Law 115-435).
    Foreign Affairs Security Training Center (FASTC).--The 
Committee recognizes FASTC's critical importance to ensure the 
safety of Federal personnel stationed overseas. The Committee 
directs the Secretary of State, not later than 45 days after 
enactment of this Act, to submit to the Committees on 
Appropriations a report detailing training costs, including the 
costs associated with transporting personnel to the facility 
and per diem to house trainees offsite. Such report shall also 
include a review of options to house trainees closer to the 
facility, including, after consultation with the Secretary of 
Defense, the Privatized Army Lodging Program, and the 
viability, cost, and benefit of each option.
    Cyber capabilities and licensing.--The Committee is 
concerned about the Directorate of Defense Trade Control's 
(DDTC) current licensing mechanisms for cyber capabilities. The 
Committee directs the DDTC to report to the appropriate 
congressional committees, not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act, on cybertools and capabilities 
licensing, including licensing screening and approval 
procedures as well as compliance and enforcement mechanisms. 
The report shall include any enforcement actions taken in the 
current calendar year.
    Countering global racism.--The Committee is concerned by 
the rise in global ethnic and racial discrimination. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State, in consultation with 
the USAID Administrator, to submit a report to the Committees 
on Appropriations, not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this Act, on all Department of State and USAID programs and 
initiatives that address racial and ethnic discrimination, 
including grants and exchanges, and the associated funding 
levels of such programs.
    Non-proliferation and arms control.--Not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall 
report to the appropriate congressional committees on the roles 
and responsibilities of staffing in the Bureaus for Arms 
Control and Verification and International Security and 
Nonproliferation.
    Pacific Island presence.--The Committee notes the 
importance of a strong United States diplomatic and development 
presence in the Pacific Islands to confront regional 
challenges. Not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Committees 
on Appropriations on the United States diplomatic and 
development presence in the Pacific Islands to include an 
assessment of a need for additional posts and missions in the 
region and a strategy to fill such gaps.
    Procurement.--Not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of State shall report to the Committees 
on Appropriations on the percentage of goods and services 
acquired by the Department of State from small businesses, 
including small businesses owned and controlled by socially and 
economically disadvantaged individuals and faith-based 
organizations.
    Staff care and resilience.--The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 180 days after enactment of this 
Act, detailing a plan to provide mental health services to 
employees exposed to high threat and high stress environments 
to include pre-service screening and in-country monitoring. The 
report shall include the estimated costs of providing such 
services.
    Vacancies in ambassadorships and senior leadership 
positions.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees, 
not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, and every 
quarter thereafter until the end of the fiscal year, on the 
Ambassador, Assistant Secretary, and Undersecretary positions 
that are vacant, the status of filling such positions, and the 
number of positions being filled in an ``acting'' capacity. 
Such report shall also include an assessment of the impact of 
such vacancies, and efforts underway to fill these positions 
permanently.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report to the appropriate congressional committees, not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act, on the status of 
implementing the recommendations contained in the Government 
Accountability Office (GAO) report 19-220 entitled, 
``Integrated Action Plan Could Enhance Efforts to Reduce 
Persistent Overseas Foreign Service Vacancies.''
    Western Hemisphere Affairs.--The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, that describes the activities of the Race, Ethnicity, and 
Social Inclusion Unit in the Bureau for Western Hemisphere 
Affairs and how this initiative has been expanded to additional 
regions.
    Workforce diversity.--The Committee directs the Secretary 
of State to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, that describes all workforce diversity activities, 
including the associated funding and results of such 
initiatives.
    Funds in this Act under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and are subject to sections 
7015 and 7061 of this Act.

                           DIPLOMATIC PROGRAMS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Bureau/Office (includes salary and bureau-managed
                        funds)                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bureau of Administration
    Freedom of Information Act.......................           [33,960]
Cultural Antiquities Task Force......................              1,500
Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
    Human Rights Vetting.............................           [10,000]
    Atrocities Prevention Training...................              [500]
    Implementation of Global Magnitsky Human Rights                [500]
     Accountability Act..............................
    Special Advisor for International Disability                 [1,000]
     Rights..........................................
    Special Envoy for the Human Rights of LGBTI                    [500]
     Persons.........................................
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
    Office of the Special Envoy for Holocaust Issues.              [750]
Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs
    Office of Terrorism Financing and Economic                   [6,100]
     Sanctions Policy................................
    Implementation of Global Magnitsky Human Rights                [500]
     Accountability Act..............................
Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and              41,859
 Scientific Affairs..................................
    Office of Oceans and Polar Affairs...............            [5,121]
    [of which, Special Representative for the Arctic               [438]
     Region].........................................
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
    Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement..........            [3,609]
Office of International Religious Freedom............              9,000
    Religious freedom curriculum development.........              [600]
Office of the Legal Advisor
    Document Review Unit.............................            [2,889]
Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons..             16,000
Office of the Secretary
    Office of Global Women's Issues..................           [10,000]
    Office of the Special Presidential Envoy for                 [1,250]
     Hostage Affairs.................................
    Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues...........            [1,000]
    Office to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism.......              [500]
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level.......................       $139,500,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request.............................        256,695,000
Committee recommendation.............................        137,500,000
    Change from enacted level........................         -2,000,000
    Change from request..............................       -119,195,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $137,500,000 for 
Capital Investment Fund. As a result of the COVID-19 crisis, 
the recommendation assumes a strategic pause in the Department 
of State's plan to rebalance expedited passport fees (EPF) and 
transition all EPF funding out of the Capital Investment Fund 
to Consular and Border Security Programs.
    Funds provided are in addition to an estimated $202,495,000 
in EPF, for a total of $339,995,000 in fiscal year 2021 support 
for the Information Technology Strategic Plan of the Department 
of State.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level\1\....................       $145,729,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request.............................        141,416,000
Committee recommendation\2\..........................        145,729,000
    Change from enacted level........................                  0
    Change from request..............................         +4,313,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2020 enacted level includes $54,900,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.
\2\The fiscal year 2021 recommendation includes $54,900,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.

    The Committee recommendation includes $145,729,000 for 
support of the oversight personnel and activities of the Office 
of Inspector General (OIG) at the Department of State. Of this 
amount, $54,900,000 is provided for the Special Inspector 
General for Afghan Reconstruction (SIGAR) and is designated for 
OCO/GWOT.
    Funds provided under this heading will support the audits, 
investigations, and inspections of worldwide operations and 
programs of the Department of State and United States Agency 
for Global Media (USAGM). The Committee expects the OIG to 
continue the coordination of audit plans and activities 
involving Department of State operations and programs in 
Afghanistan with the SIGAR in order to ensure the development 
of comprehensive oversight plans and to avoid duplication.
    Wuhan repatriation flight assessment.--The Committee 
directs the Office of Inspector General to conduct an 
assessment of diplomatic evacuation flights from Wuhan, China 
in response to the coronavirus pandemic. Such assessment shall 
include: (1) interagency coordination; (2) coordination with 
state and local officials; (3) communication with the general 
public; and (4) planned screening and quarantine protocols. The 
assessment shall include recommendations for the Department of 
State to improve operations in future pandemic responses.

               EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level.......................       $730,700,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request.............................        310,000,000
Committee recommendation.............................        741,700,000
    Change from enacted level........................        +11,000,000
    Change from request..............................       +431,700,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $741,700,000 for 
Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs. The Committee 
recognizes the importance of international exchange programs 
and directs that funds made available under this heading be 
directed to support United States foreign policy objectives and 
be appropriately coordinated with Department of State regional 
bureaus.
    American Spaces and the United States Speaker Program.--The 
Committee continues to support public diplomacy programming 
conducted by United States Embassies and Consulates, including 
American Spaces and the United States Speakers program. The 
Committee recommendation includes not less than $15,000,000 
under this heading for the American Spaces program and directs 
not less than $4,000,000 be made available for the United 
States Speakers Program from funds made available under 
Diplomatic Programs for public diplomacy. The Committee directs 
the Secretary of State to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act on the use of funds made available by 
this Act for American Spaces and the United States Speakers 
Program.
    Citizen Exchange Program.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $116,860,000 for the Citizen Exchange Program. Citizen 
exchange programs provide American and foreign participants the 
opportunity to gain knowledge and share expertise and 
experiences through professional, youth, cultural, and other 
exchanges. Funds are provided to support new competitive awards 
administered in cooperation with the various divisions within 
the Office of Citizen Exchanges, including through the Youth 
Programs Division to foster interaction between United States 
and foreign youth artists.
    Civil Society Exchange Program.--The Committee recommends 
$5,000,000 for the Civil Society Exchange Program, consistent 
with the prior year level, to provide civil society activists, 
particularly in underrepresented populations, with the tools, 
networks, and resources to address local challenges. During 
fiscal year 2021, the program should continue to include: (1) 
trainings on technical skills, including advocacy, program 
design, organizational leadership, and evaluations; (2) short-
term workshops and reverse exchanges for foreign and domestic 
participants; (3) networking opportunities; and (4) other 
mechanisms to support the goals of the program.
    Pawel Adamowicz Exchanges.--The Committee is concerned 
about growing political divide and social unrest in Central 
Europe. Particularly troubling was the murder in January 2019 
of human rights leader and the Mayor of Gdansk, Poland, Pawel 
Adamowicz. The Committee directs the Secretary of State to make 
available up to $1,000,000 from funds under this heading for 
the Civil Society Exchange Program to conduct exchanges to 
honor the legacy of Mayor Adamowicz and to empower the next 
generation of democratic and human rights leaders in Central 
Europe, including in Poland.
    Critical language programs.--Within the funds provided, the 
Committee urges the Secretary of State to prioritize critical 
language programs for United States students and exchange 
programs with countries of national security importance.
    Fulbright Program.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$277,000,000 for the Fulbright Program. Active in over 160 
countries, the program provides exchange opportunities to 
create and sustain mutual understanding between students, 
scholars, teachers, and professionals in the United States and 
those from other countries.
    Fulbright English Teaching in Africa.--Of the funds 
appropriated under this heading for the Fulbright Program, not 
less than $5,000,000 shall be made available to expand United 
States support for English language education through the 
Fulbright English Language Teaching Program in Africa. English 
language skills enable countries and individuals to more fully 
realize the benefits of global commerce, and enables access to 
technology, science, and innovation. As the youth of America 
are a key component to American soft power and the best 
embodiment of United States ideals and culture, the expansion 
of the State Department's English teaching efforts in Africa 
will make a lasting and profound impact on the United States 
diplomatic and development efforts in Africa.
    Global TechGirls Program.--Of the funds appropriated under 
this heading, $5,000,000 shall be made available to expand the 
TechGirls Program globally to empower secondary school girls to 
pursue higher education and careers in science, technology, 
engineering and math (STEM) through hands-on skill development. 
The Secretary of State is directed to include the participation 
of girls from regions covered by the existing TechGirls program 
and to prioritize the participation of girls from low income 
countries globally. Exchange activities shall include 
interactive technology camps with American peers in the United 
States, site visits to technology-based companies, leadership 
and action planning workshops, discussions on STEM education 
and careers, community service opportunities, job shadowing, 
intercultural collaboration, and weekend American family 
homestays. Upon returning home, participants should be 
encouraged to assist in providing technology training to their 
peers. The Secretary of State is directed to consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on the implementation of the 
program not less than 30 days after enactment of this Act.
    Historically Black Colleges and Universities.--The 
Committee includes $2,000,000 under this heading for the 
Department of State to expand two-way international academic 
and professional and cultural exchanges for individuals of 
African descent, including the development of partnerships with 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities.
    Other exchanges.--The Committee recognizes the value of 
competitive exchange programs for young people, including the 
Youth Exchange and Study program; the Future Leaders Exchange; 
educator programs; and programs providing overseas training in 
strategic languages for Americans.
    Professional Fellows Program.--The Committee is concerned 
that the ongoing consolidation and restructuring of the 
Professional Fellows Program will result in a loss of program 
effectiveness, geographic diversity, and participant 
experiences. The Committee notes that this significant 
consolidation and restructuring effort is being implemented 
without prior consultation with, or notification of, the 
Committees on Appropriations. The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State to implement the Professional Fellows 
Program in a manner consistent with Department of State Notice 
ECA-ECAPEC-17-025, March 1, 2017, during fiscal year 2021 and 
prior years.
    Special academic, professional, and cultural exchanges.--
The Committee recommendation includes funds to support at prior 
year levels special academic, professional, and cultural 
exchange programs where consistent with strategic priorities, 
including Mexico and Central America and the academic and 
cultural Tibetan exchanges and fellowships. The Committee 
expects funds for such programs to be awarded on a competitive 
basis and the planned levels for each to be included in the 
fiscal year 2021 operating plan.
    Young Leaders Initiatives.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $34,400,000 for the Young Leaders Initiatives, 
including not less than the prior year levels for the Young 
African Leaders, Young Southeast Asia Leaders, and Young 
Leaders in the Americas initiatives. In addition to the funds 
provided for the Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative, the 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to prioritize students 
from underrepresented Indo-Pacific countries through other 
scholarships and fellowship programs funded under this heading.
    Section 7061 of this Act requires that the Secretary of 
State submit to the Committees on Appropriations an operating 
plan for funds appropriated under this heading. The Committee 
expects that such plan will include the distribution of 
unobligated balances and recoveries, as well as any transfers 
to this account from other accounts in fiscal year 2021.
    Funds made available under this heading are allocated in 
the following manner and are subject to the requirements of 
sections 7015 and 7061 of this Act.

               EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Program/Activity                     Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Academic Programs
    Fulbright Program................................            277,000
        Fulbright English Teaching Assistant Program             [5,000]
         in Africa...................................
    Global Academic Exchanges........................             62,960
    Special Academic Exchanges.......................             17,875
        Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarship            [16,000]
         Program.....................................
    Subtotal, Academic Programs......................            357,835
Professional and Cultural Exchanges
    International Visitor Leadership Program.........            104,000
    Citizen Exchange Program.........................            116,860
        Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange............            [4,125]
        Global TechGirls Program.....................            [5,000]
Special Professional and Cultural Exchanges..........              5,700
        J. Christopher Stevens Virtual Exchange......            [5,000]
                                                      ------------------
Subtotal, Professional and Cultural Exchanges........            226,560
Special Initiatives
    Young Leaders Initiatives........................             34,400
    Countering State disinformation and pressure.....             12,000
    Civil society exchange program...................              5,000
                                                      ------------------
    Subtotal, Special Initiatives....................             51,400
Program and Performance..............................              9,050
Activities Transferred to Exchanges from IIP-PA                   27,855
 Merger..............................................
Exchanges Support....................................             69,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total, Educational and Cultural Exchanges........            741,700
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        REPRESENTATION EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................        $7,212,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................         7,413,000
Committee recommendation..............................         7,415,000
    Change from enacted level.........................          +203,000
    Change from request...............................            +2,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $7,415,000 for 
Representation Expenses authorized by section 905 of the 
Foreign Service Act of 1980.
    Funds provided under this heading are used to reimburse 
Foreign Service officers for expenditures incurred in their 
official capacities abroad in establishing and maintaining 
relations with officials of foreign governments and appropriate 
members of local communities. The Secretary of State is 
directed to submit semi-annual reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations containing detailed information on the allotment 
and expenditure of this appropriation.

              PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS AND OFFICIALS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $30,890,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        25,900,000
Committee recommendation..............................        30,890,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................        +4,990,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $30,890,000 for 
Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials.
    Funds provided under this heading are used to reimburse 
local governments and communities for the extraordinary costs 
incurred in providing protection for international 
organizations, foreign missions and officials, and foreign 
dignitaries under certain circumstances. The Committee expects 
the Department of State to provide reimbursement to local 
jurisdictions on a timely basis if claims are fully justified.
    The Department of State shall continue to submit to the 
Committees on Appropriations a semi-annual report on the number 
of claims for extraordinary protective services that have been 
submitted by eligible jurisdictions that are certified as 
meeting the program requirements and the amount of unobligated 
funds available to pay such claims.
    Section 7034(i) of this Act continues authority for the 
Secretary of State to transfer expired unobligated balances 
from funds made available under Diplomatic Programs. The 
Committee directs the Department of State to include any 
expired balances transferred to this heading in the report 
required by the previous paragraph.

            EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level\1\.....................    $1,975,449,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................     1,683,760,000
Committee recommendation\2\...........................     1,975,449,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +291,689,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2020 enacted level includes $424,087,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.
\2\The fiscal year 2021 recommendation includes $424,287,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,975,449,000 for 
Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance, of which 
$424,287,000 is designated for OCO/GWOT. Within the amount 
provided, $1,205,649,000 is for Worldwide Security Upgrades 
(WSU) and $769,800,000 is for repair, construction, and 
operations.
    Worldwide Security Upgrades.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $1,205,649,000 for Worldwide Security Upgrades, of 
which $424,287,000 is designated as OCO/GWOT. The Committee 
recommendation for WSU is $263,989,000 above the fiscal year 
2021 request.
    Within the funds made available for WSU, $1,085,649,000 
under this heading is for the Department of State's 
contribution to the Capital Security Cost Savings (CSCS) and 
Maintenance Cost Sharing (MCS) programs. This amount, combined 
with the estimated $1,303,104,000 in CSCS and MCS program 
contributions from other agencies and available consular fees, 
will provide a total of $2,388,753,000 in fiscal year 2021 for 
the design, construction, and maintenance of United States 
diplomatic facilities overseas.
    The Secretary of State shall promptly inform the Committees 
on Appropriations of agencies that are delinquent in fulfilling 
their capital security cost sharing obligation as required by 
section 604(e) of the Secure Embassy Construction and 
Counterterrorism Act of 1999.
    Notification and reporting requirements.--Section 7004(c) 
of this Act continues the notification requirements from prior 
Acts as a means of ensuring the Committees on Appropriations 
have the necessary information to conduct appropriate oversight 
of construction projects. The Department is directed to clearly 
define and consistently report on the elements of each project 
factor and include an explanation of any changes from previous 
reports or notifications for a project.
    Congressional notifications made pursuant to section 
7004(c) shall include, at a minimum, the following project 
factors: (1) the location and size of the property to be 
acquired, including the proximity to existing United States 
diplomatic facilities and host government ministries; (2) the 
justification of need for acquiring the property and 
construction of new facilities and the reconciled appraised 
value of the project; (3) a detailed breakdown of the total 
project costs, including, at a minimum, the following cost 
categories: (a) site acquisition, (b) project development, (c) 
design contract, (d) primary construction, (e) other 
construction costs, including: (i) procurement of art, (ii) 
furniture, (iii) project supervision, (iv) construction 
security, (v) contingency, and (vi) value added tax, and (f) 
any other relevant costs; (4) the revenues derived from, or 
estimated to be derived from, real property sales and gifts 
associated with the project, if applicable; (5) any unique 
requirements of the project that may increase the cost of the 
project, such as consular workload, legal environment, physical 
and/or security requirements, and seismic capabilities; (6) the 
number of waivers required pursuant to section 606 of Appendix 
G of Public Law 106-113, if applicable; (7) any religious, 
cultural, or political factors that may affect the cost, 
location, or construction timeline; (8) the current and 
projected number of desks, agency presence, and the projected 
number of United States direct hire staff, Locally Employed 
Staff, and Third Country Nationals; (9) the current and 
projected number of beds, if applicable; (10) the most recent 
rightsizing analysis, and a justification for exceeding the 
staffing projections of such rightsizing analysis, if 
applicable; (11) with respect to new projects not previously 
justified to the Committees on Appropriations, confirmation 
that the Department of State has completed the requisite value 
engineering studies required pursuant to OMB Circular A-131 and 
Bureau of Overseas Building Operations Policy and Procedure 
Directive, Cost 02 and the Department's adjudication of those 
recommendations; (12) the project's scheduled start and 
completion date, actual start and current estimated completion 
date, and an explanation of any changes; and (13) any increase 
in cost to the project resulting from the suspension, 
termination, or delay of project work during the COVID-19 
pandemic.
    Other repair and construction.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $100,276,000 for other repair and 
construction. These funds support the repair, rehabilitation, 
improvement, and upgrade of diplomatic facilities around the 
world.
    Operations.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$669,524,000 for Operations, which is $27,424,000 above the 
request. Funding for Operations provides support for the five 
major organizational components of the Bureau of Overseas 
Buildings Operations: Planning and Real Estate; Program 
Development, Coordination and Support; Construction, Facility 
and Security Management; Operations; Resource Management; and 
Domestic Renovations.
    Operating plan.--Section 7061 of this Act requires the 
Secretary of State to submit to the Committees on 
Appropriations an operating plan for funds appropriated under 
this heading. Such plan should include all resources available 
to the Department of State in fiscal year 2021 for operations, 
maintenance, and construction, and an accounting of the actual 
and anticipated proceeds of sales or gifts for all projects in 
fiscal year 2020.

Reports

     Contingency savings.--The Committee understands from the 
information included in the notifications received in prior 
years that the Department of State has contingency savings on 
previously appropriated construction projects. The Committee 
directs the Secretary of State to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations at the end of each fiscal quarter 
on such contingency savings.
    Project reports.--The Secretary of State is directed to 
submit biannual reports on the Beirut Embassy, Mexico City 
Embassy, New Delhi Embassy, Erbil Consulate, and Jakarta 
Embassy projects. Such reports shall include the following 
information: (1) a detailed breakout of the project factors 
that formed the basis of the initial cost estimate used to 
justify such project to the Committees on Appropriations; (2) a 
comparison of the current project factors as compared to the 
project factors submitted pursuant to (1), and an explanation 
of any changes; (3) the impact of currency exchange rate 
fluctuations on project costs; and (4) a copy of the most 
current working estimate that supports the basis for each 
report.

           EMERGENCIES IN THE DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................        $7,885,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................         7,885,000
Committee recommendation..............................         7,885,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $7,885,000 to enable 
the Secretary of State to meet unforeseen emergencies arising 
in the Diplomatic and Consular Service. Funding provided under 
this heading is available until expended.
    The recommendation provides resources for the Department of 
State to meet emergency requirements in the conduct of foreign 
affairs, including for the following purposes: (1) travel and 
subsistence expenses for relocation of American employees of 
the United States Government and their families from troubled 
areas to the United States or safe-haven posts; (2) allowances 
granted to Department of State employees and their dependents 
evacuated to the United States for the convenience of the 
Government; and (3) payment of rewards for information 
concerning terrorist activities.
    The recommendation continues prior year language providing 
the authority to transfer up to $1,000,000 from this heading to 
Repatriation Loans Program. This authority will ensure an 
adequate level of resources for loans to American citizens 
through the Repatriation Loans Program, should additional funds 
be required due to an unanticipated increase in the number of 
loans.

                   REPATRIATION LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................        $1,300,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................         1,300,000
Committee recommendation..............................         1,300,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,300,000 for the 
subsidy cost of repatriation loans.

              PAYMENT TO THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $31,963,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        26,312,000
Committee recommendation..............................        31,963,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................        +5,651,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $31,963,000 for 
Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan. The Committee 
recommendation supports operating expenses of the American 
Institute in Taiwan (AIT), and funds may also be made available 
for consular upgrades and special projects including support 
for the Global Cooperation and Training Framework.
    The Taiwan Relations Act requires that programs concerning 
Taiwan be carried out by the AIT and authorizes funds to be 
appropriated to the Secretary of State to carry out the 
provisions of this Act. The Institute administers programs in 
the areas of economic and commercial services, cultural 
affairs, travel services, and logistics. The Department of 
State contracts with the AIT to carry out these activities.

         INTERNATIONAL CENTER, WASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................          $743,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................           743,000
Committee recommendation..............................         2,743,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        +2,000,000
    Change from request...............................        +2,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $2,743,000 for site 
security and routine maintenance and repairs to public spaces 
of the International Center, Washington, D.C.
    The Committee recommendation includes increased funding for 
the repair and maintenance of the International Center 
infrastructure including street repaving, general repair and 
replacement of sidewalks and walkways, and the repair and 
replacement of existing perimeter fencing, as necessary.

     PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $158,900,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       158,900,000
Committee recommendation..............................       158,900,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $158,900,000 for 
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund.
    These funds are mandatory for budget scorekeeping purposes 
and are appropriated by the Foreign Service Act of 1980, for 
the unfunded liability created by new benefits, new groups of 
beneficiaries, or increased salaries on which benefits are 
computed. The Retirement Fund is maintained through 
contributions made by participants, matching government 
contributions, special government contributions (including this 
account), interest on investments, and voluntary contributions.

                      International Organizations


              CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level\1\.....................    $1,473,806,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       966,224,000
Committee recommendation\2\...........................     1,505,928,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +32,122,000
    Change from request...............................      +539,704,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2020 enacted level includes $96,240,000 designated
  under this heading for Overseas Contingency Operations.
\2\The fiscal year 2021 recommendation includes $96,240,000 designated
  under this heading for Overseas Contingency Operations.

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,505,928,000 for 
Contributions to International Organizations, of which 
$96,240,000 is designated for OCO/GWOT, and requires that not 
later than 30 days after enactment of this Act not less than 
$118,949,000 and $53,909,000 be disbursed to the World Health 
Organization and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 
respectively. Unless otherwise provided for in this Act or 
another provision of law, and with the exception of 
organizations from which the United States has withdrawn, this 
Act assumes the payment of the full United States assessment at 
each respective organization funded under this heading.
    Transparency and accountability.--This Act continues the 
transparency and accountability reporting requirements under 
section 7048(a) from prior years. However, the Committee 
recommendation does not include the 15 percent withholding and 
certification requirement included in prior years due to 
improvements by international organizations in meeting such 
requirements and the Administration's substantial delays in 
submitting the report in prior years, which has resulted in 
untenable delays in the payment of United States assessments.
    Pursuant to section 7048(b), the Committee continues to 
support prior year prohibitions on paying for any United States 
delegation or contribution to any specialized agency, body, or 
commission of the United Nations (UN) if such an agency, body, 
commission, or organization is chaired by government that 
provides support for international terrorism.
    Anti-Israel bias at the United Nations.--The Committee 
remains concerned about continued anti-Israel bias at the 
United Nations and supports the withholding of a proportionate 
share of the costs to entities deemed to be anti-Israel, which 
in the past have included the Division for Palestinian Rights 
in the Department of Political Affairs; the Committee on the 
Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People; 
and the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices 
Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other 
Arabs of the Occupied Territories. The Committee includes 
further language under Reports in this heading.
    UN Human Rights Council.--Pursuant to section 7048(c), 
funds shall be made available to the UN Human Rights Council 
(UNHRC) unless the Secretary of State determines and reports to 
the Committees on Appropriations that participation in the 
Council does not serve the national interest of the United 
States and that the Council is not taking significant steps to 
remove Israel as a permanent agenda item nor taking actions to 
ensure integrity in the election of members to such Council. 
The Committee remains concerned about the credibility and 
effectiveness of UNHRC and notes with disappointment the 
ascension to UNHRC of countries with poor human rights records. 
The Committee is also concerned with the continued, 
disproportionate focus of UNHRC on Israel and its anti-Israel 
bias. The Committee continues to disapprove of UNHRC resolution 
A/HRC/31/L.39, which is counterproductive to achieving peace 
between Israel and the Palestinians. The Committee includes 
further language under Reports in this heading.
    Capital projects.--The operating plan submitted pursuant to 
section 7061 of this Act for funds made available under this 
heading shall include information on capital projects.
    Universal Postal Union.--The Committee is concerned with 
the continued use of the international postal system to send 
opioids and other illicit drugs to the United States, 
especially from China. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to work with the Universal Postal Union to adopt and 
implement measures to further strengthen the security of the 
mail system, including improvements to the quality of data 
collection and further adoption of the advanced electronic data 
system. The Department of State should consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on steps being taken to address 
these concerns.
    Pursuant to section 7053 of this Act, the Committee 
recommendation includes prior year language relating to unpaid 
parking fines and real property taxes owed by foreign 
governments.

Reports

    Annual report on anti-Israel bias.--The Committee directs 
the Secretary of State to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations describing instances of anti-Israel bias at the 
United Nations, including identification of the agencies and 
entities where such bias has been demonstrated in the past. 
Such report may accompany the annual report submitted pursuant 
to section 4(a) of Public Law 79-264 on United States 
participation in the United Nations.
    Credits.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than May 
1, 2021, and 30 days after the end of fiscal year 2021, on any 
credits attributable to the United States, including from the 
United Nations Tax Equalization Fund, and provide updated 
fiscal year 2021 and fiscal year 2022 assessment costs 
including offsets from available credits and updated foreign 
currency exchange rates. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to notify the Committee on Appropriations when credits 
are applied to any assessed contribution, including any payment 
of arrearages. Any notification regarding funds appropriated by 
this Act or prior Acts or any operating plan submitted pursuant 
to section 7061 of this Act shall include an estimate of all 
known credits currently attributable to the United States and 
provide updated assessment costs including offsets from 
available credits and updated foreign currency exchange rates.
    UNHRC.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
submit an updated report to the Committees on Appropriations, 
not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, on all 
United States contributions to the UNHRC for the preceding 
fiscal year, including amounts provided through the UN Regular 
Budget and through voluntary contributions.
    United Nations and United States companies.--The Committee 
directs the Department of State and United States Ambassador to 
the United Nations to ensure American manufacturers and 
suppliers are not being unfairly excluded or discriminated 
against through procurement processes and are being fairly 
treated. Not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Committees 
on Appropriations with regard to the procurement processes at 
UN organizations.
    Withholdings.--Pursuant to section 7048(f), the Secretary 
of State shall report to the Committees on Appropriations, not 
later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, detailing the 
amounts of funds available to any organization, department, 
agency, or program within the UN system that are withheld due 
to any provision of law. The report shall include any time 
additional funds are withheld.

        CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level\1\.....................    $1,526,383,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................     1,079,200,000
Committee recommendation\2\...........................     1,456,314,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       -70,069,000
    Change from request...............................      +377,114,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2020 enacted level includes $988,656,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.
\2\The fiscal year 2021 recommendation includes $705,994,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,456,314,000 for 
Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities, of 
which $705,994,000 is designated for OCO/GWOT. The Committee 
remains concerned about the growing arrears owed to the United 
Nations, projected to exceed a total of over $1 billion for 
fiscal years 2017 to 2020. The Committee has included under 
this heading authority for the Secretary of State to exceed the 
25 percent statutory peacekeeping cap, and notes resources from 
peacekeeping credits and prior year carryover will be available 
during fiscal year 2021 to exceed the 25 percent statutory cap 
and limit accumulation of additional arrears. The Committee 
provides funding to pay assessed expenses and arrears for the 
UN Support Office in Somalia under Peacekeeping Operations 
instead of under this heading.
    New or expanded missions.--The Committee recommendation 
continues language requiring notification at least 15 days in 
advance of voting for any new or expanded mission, including 
the estimated cost and duration of the mission, the objectives 
of the mission, the national interest that will be served, and 
the exit strategy. The Committee notes that the notification 
may be provided less than 15 days in advance of voting for a 
new or expanded mission in the event of an emergency. The 
Committee expects the Secretary of State to ensure the 
appropriate and judicious application of this provision.
    Other requirements.--The Committee recommendation continues 
language carried in prior years making funds available for 
peacekeeping activities unless the Secretary of State 
determines that American manufacturers and suppliers are not 
being provided equal procurement opportunities, and also 
continues language prohibiting funds for any peacekeeping 
mission that involves United States Armed Forces under the 
command and control of a foreign national unless certain 
requirements have been met.
    Trafficking in persons and sexual exploitation and abuse.--
The Committee recommendation includes language carried in prior 
years prohibiting funds unless the Secretary of State certifies 
and reports to the Committees on Appropriations on a 
peacekeeping mission-by-mission basis that the UN is 
implementing effective policies and procedures to prevent UN 
employees, contractor personnel, and peacekeeping troops 
serving in such mission from trafficking in persons, exploiting 
victims of trafficking, or committing acts of sexual 
exploitation and abuse or other violations of human rights.

Report

    Credits.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than May 
1, 2021, and 30 days after the end of fiscal year 2021, on any 
credits attributable to the United States, including those 
resulting from United Nations peacekeeping missions or the 
United Nations Tax Equalization Fund, and provide updated 
fiscal year 2021 and fiscal year 2022 assessment costs 
including offsets from available credits.

                       International Commissions


 INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $85,070,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        98,770,000
Committee recommendation..............................        98,770,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +13,700,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$98,770,000 for International Boundary and Water Commission 
(IBWC), United States and Mexico, including $49,770,000 for 
Salaries and Expenses and $49,000,000 for Construction.
    The Committee recommendation includes funds consistent with 
prior fiscal years for the Rio Grande Flood Control System 
Rehabilitation Project to continue and maintain levee projects 
along the Rio Grande, including environmental, hydrologic, 
hydraulic, and low water weir studies along the Rio Grande 
Valley that are consistent with the projects outlined within 
the Mexican Water Treaty of 1944, Treaty Series 994. The 
Committee also supports efforts to reduce the amount of 
sediment and other activities, including eradication and 
mechanical control of carrizo cane, to maintain the health of 
the river.
    Carrizo cane eradication.-- The Committee includes an 
additional amount of up to $10,000,000 to improve the 
effectiveness of the IBWC's mechanical efforts to control and 
eradicate carrizo cane from the banks and floodplain of the Rio 
Grande River. The Secretary of State, in consultation with the 
United States Commissioner to the IBWC, is directed to report 
to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than 60 days 
after enactment of this Act, on the intended uses of funds for 
such purposes and shall also include in such report a 
description of IBWC coordination with federal, state, local 
entities, and with other stakeholders.
    The Committee is concerned with the high number of grazing 
leases recently terminated by the International Boundary and 
Water Commission (IBWC), at the U.S.-Mexico border. Between 
2009 and 2017, 78 grazing leases with ranchers on floodplain 
property have been terminated, with over a hundred ranchers 
being given notices to vacate this year. These leases 
facilitate a cost-effective way for the IBWC to maintain 
property and clear vegetation along the Rio Grande, while 
benefiting the local agricultural industry.
    Therefore, the Committee provides $250,000, under the 
Salaries & Expenses heading, for additional IBWC staffing and 
other resources to sufficiently review lease compliance, in 
coordination with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal 
and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), and work with 
lessees to amend or renew their agreements should an 
Environmental Assessment support continuance of a grazing lease 
program. An additional $250,000 is provided, under this 
heading, to process public input in accordance with the 
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and determine the best 
use for this land in the interests of the federal government 
and the environment. The Commission is directed to report back 
to Committee, within 60 days of the passage of this Act, on 
progress made in this regard.

Report

    Release of effluent.--The Committee is concerned about the 
adverse impact on communities in the United States from the 
release of effluent from Mexico. The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State and the United States Commissioner to the 
IBWC to work with the Government of Mexico to facilitate a 
resolution, and to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, with respect to steps taken prior to such enactment and 
steps planned during fiscal year 2021 to achieve a resolution.

              AMERICAN SECTIONS, INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $15,008,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        10,661,000
Committee recommendation..............................        15,008,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................        +4,347,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $15,008,000 for 
American Sections, International Commissions, of which 
$10,802,000 is for the International Joint Commission (IJC).
    Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Adaptive Management 
Committee.--The Committee includes funding consistent with the 
prior year level for the IJC's Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River 
Adaptive Management Committee for Phase II of their expedited 
review of IJC's Plan 2014.

Report

    Boundary Waters Treaty.--The Committee supports the 1909 
Boundary Waters Treaty. The Committee recommendation includes 
funding to allow the IJC to evaluate and monitor water quality 
in the Rainy River Drainage Basin to prevent violations of the 
Boundary Waters Treaty. The IJC is directed to report to the 
Committees on Appropriations not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act on the status of such efforts.

                  INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $62,718,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        34,676,000
Committee recommendation..............................        60,718,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        -2,000,000
    Change from request...............................       +26,042,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $60,718,000 for 
International Fisheries Commissions.
    The Committee recommendation includes funds necessary to 
fully support the anticipated United States assessments, other 
expenses related to these commissions, and for the 
participation of non-government United States commissioners to 
the various commissions.
    Funds in this Act under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and are subject to sections 
7015 and 7061 of this Act.

                   INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Commission/Activity                    Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Great Lakes Fisheries Commission.....................             44,682
    of which, Grass Carp.............................            [1,000]
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission..............              1,750
Pacific Salmon Commission............................              6,185
International Pacific Halibut Commission.............              4,582
Other Marine Conservation............................              3,519
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Great Lakes Fishery Commission (GLFC).--The Committee 
recommendation includes not less than $36,990,000 for 
operations, sea lamprey control requirements, and fishery 
research, for the Great Lakes. The recommendations also 
includes not less than $1,000,000 to address grass carp in the 
Great Lakes. The Committee intends that the funds made 
available for the GLFC be prioritized for meeting the United 
States obligations under the 1954 Convention on Great Lakes 
Fisheries.
    Pacific Salmon Commission.--The Committee recommendation 
includes a total of $6,185,000 for the United States share of 
the costs of carrying out the Pacific Salmon Treaty, and 
$1,750,000 for the last half of the United States contribution 
to the Mark-Selective Fishery Fund.
    Arctic Council.--The Committee recommendation includes not 
less than the United States share of operating expenses for the 
Arctic Council. The Committee recognizes the value of United 
States engagement at the Arctic Council and encourages the 
Secretary of State to prioritize engagement at the Council as a 
key element of Unites States' strategy in the Arctic.

                             RELATED AGENCY


                 United States Agency for Global Media


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $810,396,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       637,252,000
Committee recommendation..............................       637,252,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      -173,144,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $637,252,000 to carry 
out United States international communications activities and 
operations overseen by the United States Agency for Global 
Media (USAGM), formerly known as the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors, of which $632,732,000 is for International 
Broadcasting Operations and $4,520,000 is for Broadcasting 
Capital Improvements.

                 INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS

    The Committee recommendation includes $632,732,000 for 
International Broadcasting Operations, which is the same as the 
request.
    In order to better support the policy of the United States 
to promote the right of freedom of opinion and expression, 
including the right to receive and impart information and ideas 
through any media, the International Broadcasting Act of 1994 
streamlined United States international media entities into 
what is now the USAGM. The reorganization and consolidation, 
along with subsequent amendments to the Act, achieved important 
reforms and economies to strengthen the capability of the 
United States to use media to support the free exchange of news 
and information in a rapidly changing international 
environment, especially among peoples living under repressive 
regimes. A central theme set forth in the standards and 
principles portion of the Act is that the work of USAGM and its 
entities be vigilant in maintaining a strong firewall between 
the work of its entities and grantees and any political 
influence by federal and other government officials. The 
statutory firewall and highest standards of professional 
journalism are further described in part 531 of title 22, Code 
of Federal Regulations.
    However, recent action by the USAGM Chief Executive Officer 
(CEO) to summarily dismiss senior Agency officials and entity 
heads, including the head of the Voice of America (VOA) office 
of the standards editor, raise serious questions about the 
Agency's commitment to maintaining the firewall and upholding 
the highest standards of professional journalism. For this 
reason, and until the Committee is assured that Agency 
leadership will uphold longstanding principles of independent 
journalism described in part 531 of title 22, Code of Federal 
Regulations, the Committee recommendation includes $632,732,000 
for International Broadcasting Operations, which is the same as 
the budget request and $165,964,000 below fiscal year 2020. The 
Committee will continue to review actions of the USAGM as the 
appropriations process for fiscal year 2021 proceeds and 
reassess Agency funding actions and requirements prior to the 
conclusion of such process.
    International Broadcasting Operations (IBO) funds the 
operating, programming, and engineering costs of the Agency, 
including VOA, and the Office of Cuba Broadcasting (OCB), as 
well as the independent grantees: Radio Free Europe/Radio 
Liberty (RFE/RL); Radio Free Asia (RFA); the Middle East 
Broadcasting Networks (MBN); and the Open Technology Fund 
(OTF). Funds made available under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and are subject to the 
requirements of sections 7015 and 7061 of this Act:

                  INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Entities/Grantees                    Budget  Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal Entities
    International Broadcasting Bureau................             42,800
    Voice of America.................................            191,559
    Office of Cuba Broadcasting......................             12,973
    Technology, Services and Innovation..............            152,347
                                                      ------------------
        Subtotal, Federal Entities...................            399,679
Independent Grantee Organizations:
    Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty..................             87,261
    Radio Free Asia..................................             39,519
    Middle East Broadcasting Networks................             96,773
    Open Technology Fund.............................              9,500
                                                      ------------------
        Subtotal, Grantees...........................            233,053
                                                      ------------------
            Total, International Broadcasting                    632,732
             Operations..............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommendation includes the requirements 
that: (1) any significant modifications to USAGM broadcast 
hours previously justified to Congress, including changes to 
transmission platforms, for all USAGM language services shall 
be subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations; (2) funds appropriated under this 
heading are made available in accordance with part 531 of title 
22 Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on June 11, 2020; 
(3) the CEO notify the Committees on Appropriations within 15 
days of any determination by the CEO that any of its broadcast 
entities provides an open platform for international terrorists 
or those who support international terrorism, or is in 
violation of the principles and standards set forth in 
subsections (a) and (b) of section 303 of the United States 
International Broadcasting Act of 1994 or part 531 of title 22, 
Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on June 11, 2020; and 
(4) not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act the 
Inspector General for the Department of State and USAGM conduct 
a financial and performance audit and issue a report on 
compliance by the Agency with the part 531 of title 22, Code of 
Federal Regulations.
    Balkans.--The Committee supports continuation of RFE/RL 
broadcasting to the Balkans.
    Central and Eastern Europe.--The Committee is deeply 
concerned with significant media consolidation in the hands of 
government-friendly outlets in Central and Eastern European 
nations. Limited free press creates increased opportunities for 
the spread of disinformation and facilitates the rise of 
corruption. The Committee commends RFE/RL for restarting 
critical language services in such countries. The Committee 
supports RFE/RL programming in Central and Eastern Europe, 
including coverage in rural areas and through the Hungarian 
language services.
    China and other East Asia and the Pacific.--The Committee 
supports the implantation by the USAGM of a Global China 
Strategy with the aim of: (1) enhancing access to fact-based, 
timely, and engaging news and information through the Mandarin, 
Tibetan, Uyghur, and Cantonese language services of VOA and RFA 
by increasing programming and breaking through the Government's 
information firewall; (2) combating China's growing 
disinformation efforts globally; (3) building resilient, 
independent media through support of training and collaboration 
with vulnerable independent media organizations in markets 
targeted by China; and (4) developing technologies to combat 
censorship and overcome surveillance by governments seeking to 
restrict access to safe and uncensored news and information. 
Such efforts should also include the production of content for 
affiliate partners in both the Asian and African continents, as 
well as additional distribution channels within the refugee 
camps and refugee populations in Bangladesh, Libya, and Kenya 
with a focus on woman, girls, and youth.
    The Committee supports the Tibetan language services of the 
VOA and RFA, which the Committee understands provide the only 
sources of independent information accessible to the people of 
Tibet.
    The Committee supports the work of the Uyghur Service of 
RFA, including the daily radio broadcast digital content and 
social media operations and original reporting.
    The USAGM shall include detailed information concerning the 
allocation of the funds for a Global China Strategy in the 
program plan required by section 7061(a) of this Act.
    Section 7043(d)(2) of this Act continues the directive from 
prior years that funds under this heading be made available to 
maintain broadcast hours into North Korea at not less than the 
levels of the previous year.
    Countering Russian disinformation.--The Committee supports 
efforts to counter Russia's aggressive disinformation and 
propaganda campaign, particularly through the development of 
effective Russian language programming. The Committee notes 
that USAGM's Current Time, a 24/7 Russian language digital 
television network, is intended to provide Russian speakers 
around the world with truthful, independent journalism. The 
Committee includes further language under Report in this 
heading.
    Latin America.--The Committee supports the programming and 
activities of the Latin America Division of VOA begun in fiscal 
year 2019. The Committee expects USAGM to continue the focus on 
countries such as Venezuela and Nicaragua, where authoritarian 
governments censor news coverage and access to independent 
media is restricted.
    Office of Cuba Broadcasting.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $12,973,000 for OCB radio and TV Marti, which is the 
same as the fiscal year 2021 request.
    Open Technology Fund.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $9,500,000 for the OTF, which is the same as the 
request. In September 2019, OTF was incorporated as an 
independent non-profit organization and became a USAGM non-
federal entity. Repressive regimes, such as China, Iran, and 
Venezuela are deploying new advanced censorship and 
surveillance technologies that are designed to stifle dissent, 
track minorities, and manipulate content online. The mission of 
OTF is to advance internet freedom in these repressive 
environments by supporting the research, development, 
implementation, and maintenance of technologies that provide 
secure and uncensored access to USAGM's content through a free 
and open internet.
    Section 7050(c) requires the USAGM CEO to submit to the 
Committees on Appropriations a spend plan for funds made 
available for programs to promote Internet freedom globally as 
enumerated under such section. Such spend plan shall detail 
amounts planned for programs and activities of OTF.
    Pacific Islands.--The Committee supports coverage of Voice 
of America on digital and conventional media to the Pacific 
Islands, including through the pursuit of regional affiliates. 
The Committee directs USAGM to include plans for such coverage 
in the fiscal year 2021 program plan required by section 7061 
of this Act.
    Ukrainian Service.--The Committee supports continuation of 
the work of the Ukrainian service of VOA, which is carried by 
29 national and regional TV stations in Ukraine.
    VOA Pakistan.--The Committee supports VOA initiating a 
Sindhi language service and expects the spend plan required by 
section 7061 of this Act include details on the planned amount 
for such service.

Report

    Russian language program.--Not later than 45 days after 
enactment of this Act, the USAGM shall report to the Committees 
on Appropriations on the allocation by entity and activity of 
the funds made available under this heading for Current Time 
and other Russian language programming.

                   BROADCASTING CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS

    The Committee recommendation includes $4,520,000 for 
broadcasting capital improvements.

                            RELATED PROGRAMS


                          The Asia Foundation


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $19,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................        20,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        +1,000,000
    Change from request...............................       +20,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $20,000,000 for The 
Asia Foundation for combating misinformation and online fraud 
through innovative uses of technology, promoting internet 
connectivity in the Asia-Pacific region, and re-opening 
programming in the Pacific islands. The Committee 
recommendation does not assume the closure of The Asia 
Foundation (TAF) as proposed by the fiscal year 2021 request.
    The Committee directs TAF to continue to work in 
consultation with the Department of State to develop priorities 
and programming.
    The Committee supports the efforts of TAF to seek 
additional sources of funding to sustain program activities. 
The Committee directs TAF to include a summary table in the CBJ 
for fiscal year 2022 detailing total revenue and support by 
category for fiscal year 2020 and projected for fiscal year 
2021.

                    United States Institute of Peace


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $45,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        15,740,000
Committee recommendation..............................        45,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +29,260,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $45,000,000 for 
United States Institute of Peace.
    The Committee notes that, in addition to appropriated 
funds, United States Institute of Peace (USIP) receives 
resources from interagency transfers, reimbursements, and 
offsetting receipts to support USIP programs. The Committee 
directs USIP to fully implement fee-based or reimbursable 
agreements, where appropriate, as a means of sustaining USIP 
activities. In addition, the Committee directs USIP to include 
information in the CBJ for fiscal year 2022 on the amount of 
funds received from other Federal agencies and the amount of 
revenue generated from fees and reimbursable agreements.

         Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................          $245,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................           250,000
Committee recommendation..............................           250,000
    Change from enacted level.........................            +5,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation for fiscal year 
2021 of interest and earnings from the Center for Middle 
Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund, as authorized by section 
633 of Public Law 108-199. Interest and earnings for fiscal 
year 2021 are projected to total $250,000.

                 Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................          $270,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................           209,000
Committee recommendation..............................           209,000
    Change from enacted level.........................           -61,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation for fiscal year 
2021 of interest and earnings from the Eisenhower Exchange 
Fellowship Program Trust Fund, as authorized by sections 4 and 
5 of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990. Interest 
and earnings for fiscal year 2021 are projected to total 
$209,000.

                    Israeli Arab Scholarship Program


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................          $124,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................           119,000
Committee recommendation..............................           119,000
    Change from enacted level.........................            -5,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation for fiscal year 
2021 of interest and earnings from the Israeli Arab Scholarship 
Endowment Fund, as authorized by section 214 of the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993. 
Interest and earnings for fiscal year 2021 are projected to 
total $119,000.

                            East-West Center


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $16,700,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................        19,700,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        +3,000,000
    Change from request...............................       +19,700,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $19,700,000 for East-
West Center to promote people-to-people engagement in the Asia 
Pacific region and the United States through cooperative study, 
training, and research. The Committee recommendation does not 
assume closure of the East-West Center as proposed by the 
fiscal year 2021 request.

                    National Endowment for Democracy


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $300,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        67,275,000
Committee recommendation..............................       300,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +232,725,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $300,000,000 for 
National Endowment for Democracy. Of this amount, $195,840,000 
shall be allocated in the traditional and customary manner, 
including for the core institutes. The remaining $104,160,000 
shall be for democracy, human rights, and rule of law programs 
as well as for supporting the National Endowment for 
Democracy's (NED) mid-to long-term strategic approach and 
response to immediate and unanticipated challenges or 
opportunities. The President of the NED shall consult with the 
core institutes on the use of such funds, and the core 
institutes shall be eligible to receive funds for such 
purposes. The Committee encourages the Department of State and 
USAID to support coordination and cooperation with the NED on 
developing a comprehensive approach defending democratic norms 
and values.
    Funds made available under this heading shall continue to 
be provided directly to the NED and shall not be subject to 
prior approval by the Department of State or USAID. 
Administrative or management surcharges, and minimal expenses, 
if any, should be charged to Department of State operating 
expenses. The NED should not be precluded from competitively 
bidding on other grant solicitations.
    The Committee recommendation includes language exempting 
funds made available under this heading from the operating plan 
requirements of section 7061(a) of this Act.
    Central and Eastern Europe.--The Committee is concerned by 
the erosion of democracy and furthering of malign Russian and 
Chinese influences in Central and Eastern Europe and encourages 
the NED to prioritize programming to counter such malign 
influences in the region.
    Tibetan communities.--The Committee recommendation includes 
funding at not less than prior year levels to promote human 
rights and democracy in Tibetan communities.

Report

    Uses of funds.--The Committee directs the President of the 
NED to submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, not 
later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, on the proposed 
uses of the funds provided under this heading on a regional and 
country basis. The report should include a description of 
programmatic goals for each region and country and how the 
planned use of funds will meet such goals. The Committee 
directs the NED to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations in advance of any significant deviation from the 
plans outlined in such report.

                           OTHER COMMISSIONS


      Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................          $675,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................           642,000
Committee recommendation..............................           642,000
    Change from enacted level.........................           -33,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $642,000 for 
Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 
as authorized.

      United States Commission on International Religious Freedom


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................        $4,500,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................         4,500,000
Committee recommendation..............................         4,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $4,500,000 for the 
United States Commission on International Religious Freedom, as 
authorized by title II of the IRFA of 1998.

            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................        $2,579,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................         2,579,000
Committee recommendation..............................         2,908,000
    Change from enacted level.........................          +329,000
    Change from request...............................          +329,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $2,908,000 for 
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, as authorized 
by Public Law 94-304.

  Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................        $2,250,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................         2,250,000
Committee recommendation..............................         2,250,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $2,250,000 for the 
Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of 
China.
    The Committee directs the Commission to report annually to 
the President and Congressional leadership on the compliance of 
the People's Republic of China with international human rights 
standards, track the rule of law in the People's Republic of 
China, and make recommendations for policy action and 
legislation, when appropriate.

      United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................        $3,500,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................         4,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................         4,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................          +500,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $4,000,000 for United 
States-China Economic and Security Review Commission.
    The Committee recommendation continues by reference the 
authorities, conditions, and limitations carried under this 
heading in division F of Public Law 111-117 that provide an 
administrative framework for the operations of the Commission.

      TITLE II--UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                           OPERATING EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................    $1,377,246,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................     1,311,866,000
Committee recommendation..............................     1,364,526,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       -12,720,000
    Change from request...............................       +52,660,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,364,526,000 for 
Operating Expenses.
    In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic 
Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included 
$95,000,000 for Operating Expenses to prevent, prepare for, and 
respond to coronavirus.
    Funds under this heading are provided for salaries and 
expenses of employees of USAID, personal service contractors, 
and employees hired by other Federal agencies but assigned to 
USAID. The recommendation includes funding for not less than 
1,600 permanent Civil Service staff and 1,850 permanent Foreign 
Service Officers, restoring USAID personnel to fiscal year 2016 
levels.
    Funds in this Act under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and are subject to sections 
7015 and 7061 of this Act:

                           OPERATING EXPENSES
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Program/Activity                     Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Overseas Operations:
    Field Missions...................................            505,316
    Salaries and Benefits, U.S. Direct Hire personnel            299,623
                                                      ------------------
        Subtotal, Overseas Operations................            804,939
Washington Support:
    Washington Bureaus and Offices...................            105,673
    Salaries and Benefits, U.S. Direct Hire personnel            391,561
                                                      ------------------
        Subtotal, Washington Support.................            497,234
Central Support:
    Information Technology...........................            117,798
    Rent and General Support.........................            131,224
    Staff Training...................................             22,000
    Personnel Support................................             24,851
    Other Agency Costs...............................             22,180
                                                      ------------------
        Subtotal, Central Support....................            318,053
 
            Total, Operating Expenses................          1,620,226
                of which, fiscal year 2021                     1,364,526
                 appropriations......................
                of which, from carryover and other               255,700
                 sources.............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Civil Service and Foreign Service hiring.--The Committee 
notes USAID's slow progress on hiring permanent civil service 
employees and foreign service officers to the levels directed 
in section 7064 of the Department of State, Foreign Operations, 
and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2020. The Committee 
directs the USAID Administrator to fund and hire personnel at 
not less than these levels in fiscal year 2021 and fully 
implement the agency's Strategic Workforce Plan.
    Gender training.--The Committee directs the USAID 
Administrator to ensure that appropriate staff are adequately 
trained in conducting gender analysis of proposed programs, 
able to mainstream gender considerations throughout project 
design, and disaggregate impact through monitoring and 
evaluation.
    Human Rights Division.--The Committee recommendation 
includes funding for the Human Rights Division and LGBTI 
portfolio at not less than prior year levels.
    Procurement.--The Committee directs the USAID Administrator 
to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on any 
proposed significant or substantive change to USAID guidance or 
directives related to acquisition and assistance prior to 
issuing such guidance or directives to USAID posts worldwide.
    As in prior years, USAID is directed to notify the 
Committees on Appropriations 15 days prior to any procurement 
action that involves awarding of a sole source contract or 
other non-competitive grant or contract; raising the ceiling on 
an existing Indefinite Quantity Contract (IQC); issuing a new 
IQC; awarding an umbrella grant; or raising the ceiling on an 
existing umbrella grant. The Committee directs that the 
thresholds for notification be the same as in prior years.
    The Committee continues to be concerned about the 
difficulty with which United States companies, including small, 
minority-owned, and disadvantaged business enterprises; 
universities; and non-governmental organizations have in 
navigating the acquisitions and assistance process at USAID. 
The Committee expects that, to the maximum extent practicable, 
the USAID Administrator shall ensure that United States small, 
minority-owned, veteran, and disadvantaged business enterprises 
and faith-based organizations fully participate in the 
provision of goods and services especially if they have a 
proven record of promoting local self-reliance and democratic 
governance.
    Science and technology research.--The Committee notes 
USAID's Public Access Plan on increasing access to the results 
of federally-funded scientific research and directs the USAID 
Administrator to include an update on such plan in the fiscal 
year 2022 CBJ.
    Staff care and resilience.--The Committee is concerned 
about the health impacts on USAID employees working in high-
stress environments such as conflict and post-conflict zones. 
The Committee supports USAID efforts to provide staff care and 
resilience tools to its employees. The Committee includes 
further language under Reports in this heading.
    USAID personnel in Greenland.--The Committee directs the 
USAID Administrator to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations prior to taking any action with respect to 
future United States Direct Hire staffing assignments in 
Greenland, including listing the position of Senior Development 
Advisor in Greenland as an eligible assignment in any future 
USAID Foreign Service bidding cycle.
    Workforce diversity initiatives.--Funds appropriated under 
this heading shall be made available to increase USAID 
workforce diversity initiatives over prior year levels, 
including for fellowships to promote diversity and excellence 
in the Foreign Service, such as the Donald M. Payne 
International Development Graduate Fellowship Program. The 
Committee includes further language under Reports in this 
heading.

Reports

    Obligation reporting.--The Committee recognizes USAID's 
efforts to increase the transparency of Operating Expense 
obligations and directs the USAID Administrator to continue to 
provide quarterly obligation reports as described under this 
heading in the explanatory statement accompanying the 
Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 2020.
    Overseas presence.-- The Committee directs the USAID 
Administrator to provide to the Committees on Appropriations, 
not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, a report 
detailing the criteria used to determine USAID's overseas 
presence and assigning Foreign Service Officers. Such report 
shall include current overseas staffing gaps, including vacant, 
validated positions by mission.
    Procurement.--The Committee directs the USAID Administrator 
to submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, not 
later than 30 days after enactment of this Act, on any 
procurement actions for which competition was limited, and the 
justification for each such action taken, during fiscal year 
2020.
    Staff care and resilience.--The Committee directs the USAID 
Administrator to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, detailing a plan to provide mental health services to 
employees exposed to high threat and high stress environments 
to include pre-service screening and in-country monitoring. The 
report shall include the estimated costs of providing such 
services.
    Strategic workforce plan.--The Committee directs the USAID 
Administrator to provide to the Committees on Appropriations, 
not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, and 
annually thereafter, a comprehensive strategic workforce plan 
to include proposed United States Direct Hire position levels 
by overseas region, and bureau or independent office in 
Washington, a discussion of major workforce drivers, and any 
proposed changes to USAID's overseas presence for the next 
three fiscal years.
    Workforce diversity initiatives.--The Committee directs the 
USAID Administrator to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, that describes all workforce diversity activities, 
including the associated funding and results of such 
initiatives.

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $210,300,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       205,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................       238,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +27,700,000
    Change from request...............................       +33,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $238,000,000 for 
Capital Investment Fund to fund the USAID Capital Security Cost 
Sharing bill and information technology investments. The 
recommendation includes increased funding for the fiscal year 
2020 Capital Security Cost Sharing Bill. The Committee notes 
that USAID must submit an operating plan to the Committees on 
Appropriations as required in section 7061(a) of this Act.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $75,500,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        74,881,000
Committee recommendation..............................        75,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................          +619,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $75,500,000 for 
Office of Inspector General and directs the OIG to submit its 
annual audit plan within the first quarter of fiscal year 2021.
    In addition, the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response 
Supplemental Appropriations Act (Public Law 116-123) included 
$1,000,000 for the Office of Inspector General for oversight of 
activities of USAID to prevent, prepare for, and respond to 
coronavirus.

                TITLE III--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                         GLOBAL HEALTH PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................    $9,092,450,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................     5,997,966,000
Committee recommendation..............................     9,156,975,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +64,525,000
    Change from request...............................    +3,159,009,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $9,156,975,000 for 
Global Health Programs.
    In addition, the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response 
Supplemental Appropriations Act (Public Law 116-123) included 
$435,000,000 for Global Health Programs to prevent, prepare 
for, and respond to coronavirus, including other requirements 
related to the consequences of coronavirus.
    Funds for certain programs under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and subject to section 7019 of 
this Act:

                         GLOBAL HEALTH PROGRAMS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Program/Activity                     Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Maternal and Child Health............................            850,000
    of which, Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus..........              2,000
    of which, Polio..................................             61,000
    of which, The GAVI Alliance......................            290,000
Nutrition (USAID)....................................            145,000
    of which, Iodine Deficiency Disorder.............              2,500
    of which, Micronutrients.........................             33,000
        Vitamin A (non-add)..........................           [22,500]
Vulnerable Children..................................             24,000
    of which, Blind Children.........................              3,500
HIV/AIDS (USAID).....................................            330,000
    of which, Microbicides...........................             45,000
HIV/AIDS (Department of State).......................          5,930,000
    of which, Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Malaria           1,560,000
     and Tuberculosis................................
    of which, Joint U.N. Programme on HIV/AIDS                    45,000
     [UNAIDS]........................................
Family Planning and Reproductive Health..............            585,475
Other Infectious Diseases (USAID)....................          1,292,500
    of which, Global Health Security.................            125,000
    of which, Malaria................................            755,000
    of which, Tuberculosis...........................            310,000
        Global TB Drug Facility (non-add)............           [15,000]
    of which, Neglected Tropical Diseases/Other                  102,500
     Public Health Threats...........................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

USAID Global Health Programs

    The Committee recommendation includes $3,226,975,000 for 
USAID global health programs to be directly apportioned to 
USAID.
    Health systems strengthening.--The Committee recognizes the 
importance of strong health systems in low and middle income 
countries to the sustainment of global health success and 
progress in preventing and responding to non-communicable 
diseases, including cancer. The Committee directs the USAID 
Administrator and the Global AIDS Coordinator to ensure that 
not less than 10% of each program line in the ``Global Health 
Programs'' table is spent on cross-cutting health system 
capacity to ensure these systems are affordable, accessible, 
reliable, and accountable to the people served. These funds 
should be in addition to ongoing health system capacity 
building that supports individual programs, and programs should 
be jointly funded. The Committee includes further language 
under Reports in this heading.
    The Committee encourages the USAID Administrator, in 
consultation with the United States Office of the Global AIDS 
Coordinator (OGAC) and the Director of the Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention (CDC), to increase access to quality 
health care through frontline health workers, particularly at 
the community level, as part of their strategy to prevent child 
and maternal deaths and build sustainable health systems. USAID 
should pursue strategies to increase the availability of safe 
surgeries in contexts without water or electricity. The 
Committee recognizes the important role of the World Health 
Organization (WHO) in building the capacity of country health 
systems and emergency preparedness.
    Maternal and child health.--The Committee continues funds 
for programs that have proven effective in reducing maternal 
and child mortality. The Committee directs USAID to support, at 
not less than the prior year level, programs to prevent and 
treat obstetric fistula. The Committee encourages the promotion 
of early childhood development interventions through USAID's 
maternal and child health activities.
    Malaria.--Within the funds made available for malaria, the 
Committee encourages USAID's continued support for public-
private partnerships; research and development; diagnostics and 
vector control; and access and delivery of anti-malarial 
medicine, including effective pediatric formulations and 
alternatives to counter resistance. The Committee continues to 
encourage USAID to support the development and introduction of 
anti-malarial tools targeted to young children and those that 
interrupt transmission of the disease.
    Mental health.--The Committee recognizes the necessity of 
integrating mental health screenings for vulnerable 
populations, particularly in conflict-affected areas, and 
supports training and education in psychosocial support 
services for relevant personnel.
    Nutrition.--The Committee supports effective nutrition 
interventions, including to reduce stunting and wasting, 
increase breastfeeding and nutrition supplementation for 
pregnant women, promote early childhood development, and treat 
severe malnutrition, including through multilateral mechanisms. 
The Committee supports implementation of the Multi-Sectoral 
Nutrition Strategy to cohesively meet the needs of vulnerable 
women and children, including integration with deworming and 
water and sanitation efforts. The Committee encourages USAID to 
make funding available for program implementation research, 
including in cooperation with other donors and through public-
private partnerships, to develop and adopt best practices in 
nutrition that enhance health outcomes. The Committee includes 
further language under Reports in this heading.
    Other health matters.--The Committee directs that USAID 
consult with the Committees on Appropriations on the estimated 
need and cost-effectiveness of supporting programs that focus 
on the following health issues: children with hydrocephalus; 
children with autism; and neurological disorders, including 
Alzheimer's disease and dementia.
    Polio.--The Committee provides funding under this heading 
for global programs to combat and eradicate polio and notes 
that global polio eradication programs are also funded by the 
CDC. In addition, the Committee recognizes the important role 
of the WHO in the elimination of polio.
    Reproductive health and voluntary family planning.--The 
Committee recommendation includes $750,000,000 for reproductive 
health and voluntary family planning in section 7068 of this 
Act. The recommendation continues, unchanged in section 7066 of 
this Act, the restrictions carried in prior years under section 
7018 on the use of any funds for abortion as a method of family 
planning or to motivate or coerce any person to practice 
abortion.
    The Committee recognizes that information and assistance 
for women and families interested in healthy timing and spacing 
of pregnancies can enhance maternal and child health and 
improve the chances of survival of women and children. The 
Committee urges USAID to prioritize voluntarism and informed 
choice in expanding the reach and impact of family planning 
programs by providing counseling, education, and services on a 
full range of modern and effective contraceptive methods. 
Furthermore, the Committee urges USAID to promote the awareness 
and use of Internet-based technology that supports fertility-
awareness methods of family planning that are proven effective.
    Research.--The Committee encourages USAID to include 
efforts to find new diagnostic and treatment tools for 
tuberculosis and effective, affordable contraceptives in their 
research agenda. The Committee includes further language under 
Reports in this heading.
    Tuberculosis(TB).--The Committee recommendation includes 
funding to combat drug-susceptible and drug-resistant 
tuberculosis and recognizes the important role of the WHO in 
this effort. The USAID Administrator is directed to consult 
with the Committees on Appropriations regarding the use of 
funds in this Act for such purposes. The USAID Administrator 
shall also consult with the Committees on Appropriations on 
plans for a new United States Government action plan to combat 
TB drug resistance in all forms.
    Vaccines.--The Committee notes USAID's investments in 
malaria and HIV/AIDS vaccine development and supports continued 
efforts at not less than the prior year level to create 
effective vaccines for malaria and HIV/AIDS as part of a 
comprehensive prevention, diagnostic, and treatment strategy. 
The Committee directs the USAID Administrator to undertake 
vaccine development efforts to prevent and respond to outbreaks 
from deadly viruses from funds provided for global health 
security. Furthermore, the Committee directs the USAID 
Administrator to consult with the Committees on Appropriations 
on amounts proposed for vaccine development for fiscal year 
2021.
    Vulnerable children.--The Committee supports USAID's 
objectives of building strong beginnings, putting family care 
first, and protecting children from violence, abuse, and 
neglect through the United States Government Action Plan on 
Children in Adversity (APCA). USAID should partner with 
organizations that demonstrate an expertise promoting permanent 
family-based care, foster care programs in and outside of 
family networks, and preventing unnecessary family separation. 
Children recovering from trauma, those in fragile contexts, and 
migrant children on the move should be prioritized. Funds 
should also support inclusive, early childhood education. The 
Committee directs the USAID Administrator to regularly update 
the Committee on APCA implementation.

Reports, USAID

    Global health security and emerging health threats.--The 
Committee recommendation includes funds to promote global 
health security and to address emerging health threats 
overseas. Not later than 30 days after enactment of this Act, 
and prior to the initial obligation of funds, the Committee 
directs the USAID Administrator to submit to the Committees on 
Appropriations a report on the proposed uses of such funds on a 
country and project basis including possible contributions to 
multilateral mechanisms. The Committee directs that such report 
shall be updated and submitted to the Committees on 
Appropriations every 90 days until the funds are obligated.
    Health systems.--The USAID Administrator and United States 
Global AIDS Ambassador are directed to send to the Committees 
on Appropriations, not later than 120 days after enactment of 
this Act, a report detailing progress on the integration and 
joint funding of health systems strengthening activities 
including the implementation of the 10% directive. The report 
should include a description on how USAID and OGAC are 
designing these integrated efforts by operating unit and the 
expected result of this integration on improved performance of 
country health systems.
    Nutrition.--The USAID Administrator is directed to report 
to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act, on the nutrition outcomes achieved 
over the previous fiscal year. The report should be publicly 
available and track progress towards the 2025 World Health 
Assembly global targets on stunting, wasting, anemia, and 
breastfeeding.
    Research.--The Committee directs the USAID Administrator to 
continue the annual report on health-related research, which is 
important for transparency and oversight of the agency's work 
on global health research, to be submitted not later than 45 
days after enactment of this Act and posted on a public 
website.

HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$6,260,000,000 to fight HIV/AIDS. Of this amount, the Committee 
recommendation includes $5,930,000,000 to be directly 
apportioned to the Department of State.
    The Committee recommends that OGAC prioritize pregnant 
women within programs to prevent and treat HIV and expects OGAC 
to continue efforts to provide HIV positive pregnant women 
services to prevent mother-to-child transmission, including 
targeted testing strategies and adherence support through 
breastfeeding. Additionally, the Committee recommends that OGAC 
build upon the success of the Accelerating Children's Treatment 
Initiative, particularly for infants and young children at the 
highest risk of dying without treatment. The Committee urges 
OGAC to ensure that women and girls have adequate access 
through their existing health providers to HIV/AIDS prevention, 
care, and treatment services.
    For PEPFAR, sustainability means that a country has the 
services, systems, and resources to effectively and efficiently 
control the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The Committee notes that a 
country-by-country assessment of sustainability and the 
country-specific obstacles to sustainability have not been 
included in the annual report as directed and directs PEPFAR to 
correct this in the upcoming report.
    Cervical cancer.--The Committee understands OGAC and USAID 
are exploring partnerships to prevent the spread of human 
papillomavirus and cervical cancer through screening and 
treatment programs in low-income countries with high prevalence 
and directs OGAC and USAID to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on plans for and progress of such partnerships. 
The Committee notes there was no request for programs to 
diagnose or treat cervical cancer, and the Committee directs 
that no funds be reprogrammed from multilateral organizations 
for such purpose.
    Global Fund.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$1,560,000,000 for the second installment of the sixth 
replenishment of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, 
and Malaria. The Committee notes that this amount shall be 
fully obligated for this second installment unless the 
conditions of section 202(d) of the United States Leadership 
Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003, as 
amended, have not been met, or the maximum threshold in such 
section has been exceeded. Oversight of the Global Fund remains 
a top priority, as well as continued support for an independent 
Office of the Inspector General. The Committee includes further 
language under Reports in this heading.
    Key populations.--The Committee expects that key 
populations are a priority in PEPFAR's prevention and treatment 
strategies to include countering stigma and discrimination of 
lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) 
persons. The Committee includes further language under Reports 
in this heading.
    Microbicides.--The Committee recommends continued support 
for microbicide development and directs OGAC to coordinate with 
USAID, the National Institutes of Health, other Federal 
agencies, and donors in order to advance microbicide 
development and implementation. The Committee directs OGAC to 
work with USAID on a plan for product rollout and access and 
update the Committees on Appropriations on a regular basis on 
the use of funds in fiscal year 2021.
    Programs for vulnerable children.--The Committee encourages 
OGAC to continue to align existing programs for vulnerable 
children with the goals and objectives of APCA and ensure that 
orphans and vulnerable children remain a priority within PEPFAR 
country programs. The Committee directs the Secretary of State 
to include in the next annual report how the ten percent target 
for orphans and vulnerable children was met for that fiscal 
year including country-level accounting.

Reports, OGAC

    Global Fund.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State 
to report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than 
90 days after enactment of this Act, on the Global Fund's 
progress on the following: (1) maintaining transparency, 
including the publication of the Global Fund OIG reports on a 
public website; (2) providing sufficient resources and policies 
for an independent OIG; (3) publication of regular audits and 
investigations of financial, programmatic, and reporting 
aspects of the Global Fund, its grantees, recipients, and Local 
Fund Agents; and (4) enforcement of policies which reflect best 
practices for the protection of whistleblowers.
    Key populations.--The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to submit a report, not later than 60 days after 
enactment of this Act, to the Committees on Appropriations on 
efforts to reach key populations in bilateral and multilateral 
prevention and treatment programs including efforts to address 
root causes of stigma and discrimination.
    Pediatric treatment.--The Committee directs the Secretary 
of State to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act, on PEPFAR's current and planned activities to: (1) reduce 
new HIV infections in children and adolescents; (2) link HIV-
positive children and adolescents to the most effective 
treatment regimens and retain them in care; and (3) mitigate 
the impact of HIV/AIDS on children and adolescents in HIV-
affected communities.

                         DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................    $3,400,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request\1\...........................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................     3,800,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      +400,000,000
    Change from request...............................    +3,800,000,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2021 request proposes to consolidate funds under this
  heading and Economic Support Fund.

    The Committee recommendation includes $3,800,000,000 for 
Development Assistance. Programs funded by this account should 
be directed for long-term development programs to build the 
resilience and stability of communities and support broad-based 
economic growth. The Committee's recommendation includes most 
countries' long-term development programs even if they are also 
receiving support under Economic Support Fund.
    Funds for certain programs under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and subject to section 7019 of 
this Act:

                         DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Country/Program                      Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Africa:
    Cameroon.........................................              4,000
    Central Africa Republic..........................              3,000
    Liberia..........................................             65,500
    Malawi higher education..........................             10,000
    Niger............................................             22,000
    Somalia..........................................             60,000
    Sudan............................................             15,000
    Counter-Lord's Resistance Army Program...........             10,000
East Asia and the Pacific:
    Burma............................................             45,000
    Vietnam Education Foundation Act.................             10,000
Near East
    Morocco..........................................             10,000
    Refugee Scholarships.............................              8,000
South and Central Asia:
    Bangladesh labor programs........................              3,000
    Sri Lanka........................................             20,000
Western Hemisphere:
    Barbados and Eastern Caribbean...................              2,000
    Haiti............................................             51,000
    of which, reforestation..........................              8,500
Global Programs:
    Combating Child Marriage.........................             15,000
    Community Development Fund.......................             80,000
    Countering Chinese Influence Fund................             37,500
    Development Innovation Ventures..................             23,000
    Disability Programs..............................             12,500
    Feed the Future Innovation Labs..................             55,000
    Global Crop Diversity Trust......................              5,500
    Ocean Freight Reimbursement Program..............              1,500
    Office of Education..............................             50,000
    Trade Capacity Building..........................             18,000
    USAID Advisor for Indigenous Peoples Issues......              4,250
    Low Cost Eyeglasses Pilot Program................              3,500
    Victims of Torture...............................             12,000
    Wheelchairs......................................              5,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Agriculture

    The Committee recommendation includes not less than 
$1,005,600,000 for food security and agriculture development as 
authorized by the Global Food Security Act of 2016 (Public Law 
114-195). The Committee appreciates the whole-of-government 
approach presented in the Global Food Security Strategy and 
directs the USAID Administrator to consult with the Committees 
on Appropriations on such strategy, including the benchmarks 
and performance metrics. The Committee recognizes the 
importance of biofortification as a part of the Global Food 
Security Strategy and urges continued support for such efforts.
    The Committee supports Feed the Future's comprehensive 
approach to combating global food insecurity and poverty and 
intends that programs are prioritized for small-holder farmers, 
particularly for women, and other vulnerable populations. The 
Committee recognizes the importance of building and scaling 
local entrepreneurial networks that directly serve smallholder 
farmers and supports further development of such efforts in 
Africa, including through partnerships with United States land-
grant universities focused on irrigation and agricultural 
intensification.
    The Committee supports efforts to ensure there are adequate 
storage facilities and distribution systems available in 
recipient countries to prevent spoilage or waste, and 
encourages the deployment of American technology and management 
systems to enhance post-harvest food safety and security. The 
USAID Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Agriculture, should pursue ways to collaborate to improve rural 
development including education, research, and markets in 
agriculture-dependent countries in the model of the Farmer-to-
Farmer program. The Committee intends that funds provided to 
countries for food security and agricultural development should 
be made available at levels not less than the prior fiscal 
year, particularly for countries with high levels of food 
insecurity, and encourages USAID to consider expanding Feed the 
Future Target Countries.
    Agricultural research.--The Committee recommendation 
includes not less than $142,200,000 for the research 
initiatives of the Bureau for Food Security, of which 
$55,000,000 is for the Feed the Future Innovation Labs. 
Research programs should prioritize smallholder agricultural 
productivity by developing new crop, water mitigation, and 
livestock and production system technologies that improve 
yields, profitability and nutritional quality of foods, as well 
as addressing emerging pest, disease, and environmental threats 
to food security in areas where hunger, extreme poverty and 
inadequate nutrition persist. The Committee directs that the 
request level for the research and development initiatives be 
designated in the CBJ for fiscal year 2022.
    Market-based social enterprises.--The Committee supports 
the work of market-based social enterprises, and encourages 
USAID to continue partnering with organizations that engage 
with small-holder farmers or other beneficiaries in cost-
sharing programs to reduce the cost of program administration.

Economic Growth

    Illegal, unreported, unregulated (IUU) fishing.--The 
Committee encourages USAID to support efforts to combat IUU 
fishing by building the capacity of countries to adopt 
sustainable fisheries management and seafood import monitoring 
programs.
    Microenterprise and microfinance.--The Committee 
recommendation includes funds for micro, small, and medium-
sized enterprises and directs the USAID Administrator to 
prioritize such investments in sub-Saharan Africa to reach the 
poorest and most marginalized. The Committee supports 
microfinance programs to promote economic development in 
communities throughout the developing world and encourages 
USAID to continue such programs in Mexico and Central America. 
The Committee supports funding consistent with prior years to 
support the programs and activities of the Office of Private 
Capital and Microenterprise.
    Trade capacity building.--The Committee continues to 
support capacity building activities, specifically on labor and 
environmental standards, in countries with free trade 
agreements with the United States to ensure that United States 
workers and businesses can compete on a level playing field. 
The Committee directs that not less than half of such funding 
be allocated for labor activities, including efforts to bring 
workers into the formal economy. The Committee includes further 
direction under Reports in this heading.

Education

    American Schools and Hospitals Abroad (ASHA).--The 
Committee recommendation includes not less than $30,000,000 for 
the ASHA program. The Committee continues to recognize the 
important contributions made to United States foreign policy 
interests by institutions funded by this program, including 
fostering a positive image of the United States around the 
world. The Committee expects USAID to allocate funds to 
administer the ASHA program from funds provided for Operating 
Expenses on a proportionate basis with other agency programs. 
The Committee directs the USAID Administrator to notify the 
Committees on Appropriations prior to making any changes to the 
annual solicitation for ASHA, including consulting with the 
Committees on Appropriations not less than 15 days prior to 
issuing the annual solicitation for ASHA.
    Basic education.--The Committee believes basic education 
should be a key component of the United States Government 
strategy in developing countries. The Committee recommendation 
includes not less than $975,000,000 for basic education 
programs in this Act. The Committee includes further language 
under Reports in this heading.
    The Committee encourages USAID to build local capacity and 
leadership development in the education sector and ensure all 
children gain the foundational skills essential to success. 
Basic education funds should also be used for secondary 
education activities and to prioritize girls education which is 
critical to their future economic empowerment and United States 
foreign policy objectives. The Committee encourages the USAID 
Administrator to continue the deployment of inclusive education 
methodologies, and to develop tools to guide its staff and 
implementing partners in these practices to ensure access to 
school for all children including those with disabilities.
    The Committee believes that schools can be centers of 
learning and development for an entire community and expects 
programs in other sectors to be integrated with educational and 
school feeding programs as much as possible. USAID should 
prioritize technical assistance for local governments to foster 
communities of learning and encourage recipient countries and 
other donors to pursue comprehensive development efforts to 
support these programs. The Committee recommends USAID consider 
school-based eye health programs to help ensure access to 
eyeglasses for children.
    Higher education.--The Committee recommendation includes 
not less than $235,000,000 for assistance for higher education 
in an open and competitive manner. The recommendation includes 
funds for partnerships between higher education institutions in 
the United States and Malawi focused on innovation and economic 
growth. The Committee expects these investments to leverage 
other opportunities to increase access to higher education, 
governance, and economic growth in Malawi. The Committee notes 
the important role United States universities have played in 
advancing recent innovations in e-learning and encourages the 
growth of these programs to expand access to higher education 
in other countries.
    The Committee commends USAID for its engagement with United 
States universities to solve the world's most challenging 
development problems, including through the Feed the Future 
Innovation Labs and the Higher Education Solutions Network.
    The Committee supports funds for higher education programs 
in the Western Hemisphere. The Committee notes that reaching 
underserved populations in Latin America and the Caribbean with 
educational programs of sufficient duration to provide 
leadership, language skills, and career training is important 
for countries' economic and social development. Therefore, the 
Committee urges USAID to prioritize educational opportunities 
at post-secondary institutions for underserved populations in 
the region.
    Environment.--The Committee supports efforts to address 
changes in the environment that are impacting global stability 
and United States national security. Additional resources for 
forest protection and restoration can assist in avoiding the 
most catastrophic effects of climate change. USAID and the 
Department of State shall include reforestation and grasslands 
restoration in the design and planning of environmental and 
food security activities where appropriate utilizing both 
bilateral and multilateral mechanisms. The Committee directs 
the Secretary of State to monitor illegal timber harvesting in 
partner countries and to discourage such activities if they are 
found.
    The Committee supports important conservation work in 
Africa including diverse national parks, community 
conservancies and programs against wildlife trafficking. The 
Committee is interested in assuring that American investments 
in these efforts are secure and that the richness of programs 
supporting biodiversity are properly funded. The Committee 
directs the USAID Administrator to conduct a review of current 
needs and make recommendations for funding levels that can 
sustain this work for people and ecosystems.
    The Committee supports continued funding of great apes and 
Indonesian orangutan conservation at not less than prior year 
levels.
    The Committee supports the development of programming and 
partnerships on climate forecasting and early warning and 
response systems, including in Mongolia and other areas that 
lack climate forecasting tools.
    Environment funds provided to other Federal agencies should 
be transferred not later than 30 days after enactment of this 
Act and may be made prior to the requirements of sections 7015 
and 7061 having been met.
    Funds for certain programs under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and subject to section 7019 of 
this Act:

               FUNDING FOR ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY PROGRAMS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Account/Program                      Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Andean Amazon........................................             23,500
Brazilian Amazon.....................................             15,000
Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment..             43,000
Great Apes...........................................             40,000
Guatemala/Belize.....................................              5,500
Lacey Act............................................              3,500
United States Fish and Wildlife Service..............              6,000
    of which, migratory bird conservation............              1,500
    of which, endangered sea turtles.................                150
United States Forest Service.........................              7,000
Ocean Plastic Pollution..............................              5,000
Toxic Chemicals......................................              7,000
Waste Recycling......................................              7,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Countries

    Cameroon.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State and 
USAID Administrator to support inclusive dialogue in Anglophone 
and Francophone regions of Cameroon and consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on the uses of funds made 
available by this Act for Cameroon.
    Haiti.--The Committee notes that, despite significant 
investments in the country's development, Haiti remains among 
the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere. The Secretary 
of State and USAID Administrator shall consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on a strategy to address 
governance, economic opportunities, rule of law including 
border control, and social services in Haiti to improve social 
cohesion and make United States assistance more effective. The 
Committee includes further information under Reports in this 
heading.
    Kenya conservation programs.--The Committee supports 
conservation programs in East Africa, with particular emphasis 
on the unique needs of northern Kenya and the Maasai Mara, to 
help: (1) scale-up wildlife conservation in the critical target 
ecosystems which fall outside national protected area in Kenya; 
(2) advance economic opportunity, strengthen governance and 
conflict-resolution and combat wildlife trafficking through 
community conservancies across Kenya; (3) strengthen the 
national policy and regulatory framework to cement conservation 
as a recognized and protected land use; and (4) create a 
community conservation field-based training center to 
systematically engage government and community partners from 
across Africa to advance the community conservation model.
    Scholarship program for refugees.--The Committee 
recommendation includes funds to continue the university 
scholarship pilot program for refugees in Lebanon. Such funds 
are in addition to funds made available for assistance for 
Lebanon under Economic Support Fund. The USAID Administrator is 
directed to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on an 
ongoing basis on how the program will be administered 
consistent with the Lebanon scholarship program at not-for-
profit educational institutions in Lebanon that meet the 
standards required for American accreditation, and other 
matters related to implementation.
    Somalia.--The Committee supports increased funding for 
Somalia to support the formation of legitimate, durable 
institutions, capacity building, and economic development that 
will enhance peace and stability in the country. Particular 
attention should be given to youth programs.

Global Programs

    Development innovation.--The Committee supports evidence-
based mechanisms that leverage United States investments to 
advance development innovation, including through the use of 
flexible instruments to support the development of local 
entrepreneurs and businesses.
    Gender.--The Committee is encouraged by the prioritization 
of women's economic empowerment and directs the USAID 
Administrator to include in these efforts improved access to 
education and health services, elimination of regulatory 
barriers, and support for entrepreneurship opportunities. The 
Committee encourages all programs funded by this Act to improve 
the disaggregation of monitoring and evaluation data to better 
assess the impact of programming on women and girls. The 
Committee includes further information under Reports in this 
heading.
    New partners.--The Committee supports USAID's efforts to 
find additional opportunities to work with new partners in 
order to assist in the development of local capacity. The USAID 
Administrator is directed to provide regular updates to the 
Committees on Appropriations on progress in this area.
    Indigenous peoples.--The Committee recommendation includes 
funding for grants and other activities administered by the 
USAID Advisor for Indigenous Peoples Issues, including programs 
to improve access to information, including digitally.
    Reconciliation programs.--The Committee recommendation 
provides funds under this heading to support people-to-people 
reconciliation programs that bring together individuals of 
different ethnic, religious, and political backgrounds from 
areas of civil strife and war, which shall include 
reconciliation activities between Israelis and Palestinians.
    Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH).--The Committee 
recommendation includes not less than $450,000,000 in this Act 
for long-term, sustainable water supply, sanitation, and 
hygiene projects pursuant to Public Law 109-121, as amended by 
Public Law 113-289. The Committee notes the rapid urbanization 
of countries in the developing world and USAID should give 
special consideration to urban WASH projects. The Committee 
expects these programs to include robust monitoring and 
evaluation and directs USAID to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on these efforts.
    The Committee notes that access to adequate water, 
sanitation, and hygiene is a critical component of disease 
prevention. The Committee supports greater integration of WASH 
services with nutrition and health programs, which reinforces 
priority actions identified in the USAID Water and Development 
Strategy and Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy. The Committee 
notes that a lack of access to toilets, adequate sanitation, 
and hygiene products impacts women and girls in particular and 
recommends USAID address this issue in the design of WASH 
programs. The USAID Administrator shall consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on improving waste management of 
non-reusable menstrual hygiene products and encourages the 
Global Development Lab to undertake research and development of 
safe, effective waste management for such products. The 
Committee includes further language under Reports in this 
heading.
    The Committee encourages USAID to explore using American 
expertise in drilling methods that reach deeper aquifers and 
avoid contamination to expand inexpensive, sustainable access 
to water.
    The Committee encourages the USAID Administrator to utilize 
American standards in the design and implementation of relevant 
development programs, such as water and sanitation projects. 
USAID is directed to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on the use of such standards in the design and 
implementation of development programs.

Reports

    Adolescent girls.--The Secretary of State, in consultation 
with the USAID Administrator, is directed to submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees, not later than 45 days 
after enactment of this Act, a report on the actions taken over 
the previous 12 months to implement the United States Global 
Strategy to Empower Adolescent Girls including programs to 
reduce the incidence of child and forced marriage and address 
the needs of already married adolescent girls, encourage the 
abandonment of female genital cutting and address the needs of 
those who have already undergone these procedures, and the 
training of staff on the specific challenges and needs of 
adolescent girls. The report should be posted on a publicly 
available website.
    Basic education.--The Committee directs that, pursuant to 
the Reinforcing Education Accountability in Development Act 
(Public Law 115-56), the annual report to Congress on the 
United States Government Strategy on International Basic 
Education should include programmatic funding by education 
level (pre-primary, primary, secondary, post-secondary/non-
higher education, and higher education) as well as a list of 
indicators that will be used to monitor performance for each of 
these education levels and the criteria used to prioritize 
country programs. Data should be disaggregated by age, sex, 
marital status, and disability when practicable and 
appropriate. The report should also include funds made 
available over the prior year to maintain education access for 
children in emergencies and conflict.
    Disability Rights Report.--The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with the USAID 
Administrator, not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act, to submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
committees detailing the strategy, funding, and other resources 
necessary to mainstream disability rights throughout the 
Department of State and USAID. The report should include 
disability inclusion training for relevant civil service and 
foreign service personnel; the number of full-time staff 
devoted to disability inclusion; an accounting of efforts to 
mainstream disability rights throughout Department of State and 
USAID programming as well as disability-specific programming; 
and any policy, programming, or human resources gaps to 
mainstreaming disability rights throughout Department of State 
and USAID activities.
    Gender.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State and 
USAID Administrator, not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this Act, to jointly submit to the Committees on Appropriations 
a detailed implementation plan of all activities in support of 
the Women's Global Development and Prosperity Initiative 
including focus countries and planned metrics.
    Haiti.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State, not 
later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, to submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report on the steps 
taken by the United States to address the cholera epidemic in 
Haiti and further the recovery of cholera victims and their 
families.
    Trade Capacity Building.--The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State and USAID Administrator, not later than 60 
days after enactment of this Act, to provide a joint report on 
plans to implement trade capacity building activities in fiscal 
year 2021.
    WASH.--The Committee directs the USAID Administrator, not 
later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, to update the 
report to the Committees on Appropriations on how women's 
access to adequate sanitation facilities and feminine hygiene 
products are included in the design and implementation of the 
Agency's WASH programs. The report should also include 
recommendations for how USAID could improve its management of 
investments in this area, including through targeted program 
definitions.

                   INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level\1\.....................    $4,395,362,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request\2\...........................                 0
Committee recommendation\3\...........................     4,395,362,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................    +4,395,362,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2020 enacted level includes $1,733,980,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.
\2\The Fiscal Year 2021 request includes $5,968,000,000 under a new
  heading, ``International Humanitarian Assistance.''
\3\The fiscal year 2021 recommendation includes $1,733,980,000 under
  this heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.

    The Committee recommendation includes $4,395,362,000 for 
International Disaster Assistance, of which $1,733,980,000 is 
designated for OCO/GWOT.
    In addition, the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response 
Supplemental Appropriations Act (Public Law 116-123) included 
$300,000,000 and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic 
Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included 
$258,000,000 for International Disaster Assistance to prevent, 
prepare for, and respond to coronavirus.
    This account funds humanitarian relief, rehabilitation, and 
reconstruction in countries affected by natural and man-made 
disasters, as well as support for disaster mitigation, disaster 
risk reduction, prevention, and preparedness. This includes the 
purchase of commodities, such as temporary shelter, blankets, 
and supplementary and therapeutic food; potable water; medical 
supplies; and agricultural rehabilitation. Program 
beneficiaries include disaster victims, conflict victims, and 
internally displaced persons. Funds are also provided for the 
Emergency Food Security Program, as authorized in the Global 
Food Security Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-195).
    The Committee encourages USAID to expedite the process of 
reporting to the Committees on Appropriations on planned use of 
humanitarian funding and making such funding available for 
obligation to programs, in order to avoid further delays in the 
provision of lifesaving humanitarian assistance.
    Air transport.--The Committee recognizes the critical need 
to provide swift humanitarian aid in the immediate aftermath of 
a disaster to save lives and ease suffering. The Committee 
encourages USAID to assess the efficacy of air drop technology 
for large-scale humanitarian aid delivery for quicker response 
time. The Committee notes that this technology can be critical 
particularly in humanitarian crises where there are limited 
transportation options for aid delivery.
    Child protection.--The Committee recognizes the need for 
additional protection of children in conflict and crisis 
settings. The Committee encourages the USAID Administrator to 
play an increasing leadership role to protect children in 
humanitarian crises and ensure that protection is integrated 
across other humanitarian sectors.
    The Committee recognizes that children are particularly 
vulnerable to the psychological impacts of conflict and forced 
displacement. The Committee encourages the prioritization of 
interventions to assist children recovering from trauma, those 
in fragile contexts, those experiencing developmental delays or 
disabilities, and children on the move.
    Ethnic and religious minorities.--The Committee 
recommendation includes funds under this heading for support of 
humanitarian assistance for displaced, vulnerable, and 
persecuted ethnic and religious minorities to: (1) facilitate 
the implementation of an immediate, coordinated, and sustained 
response; (2) enhance protection of conflict victims; (3) 
improve access to secure locations for obtaining humanitarian 
and resettlement services; and (4) build resilience and help 
reestablish livelihoods for displaced and persecuted persons in 
their communities of origin.
    Primary health care.--The Committee urges the USAID 
Administrator to ensure that funds made available under this 
heading for humanitarian relief are allocated in a manner that 
appropriately assesses and prioritizes the primary healthcare 
needs of those displaced and needing care.
    Venezuelan migrants.--The Committee urges the USAID 
Administrator to press other donor countries to make more 
substantial commitments to help Colombia and other neighboring 
countries deal with the influx of migrants who have fled 
Venezuela.

                 INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................                $0
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................     5,968,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................    -5,968,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation does not include the funding 
proposed in the fiscal year 2021 request for International 
Humanitarian Assistance. The Committee does not support the 
consolidation of all overseas humanitarian assistance into a 
single account. As in prior years, funds for such assistance 
are provided under International Disaster Assistance and 
Migration and Refugee Assistance.

                         TRANSITION INITIATIVES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $92,043,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       112,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................        92,043,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       -19,957,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $92,043,000 for 
Transition Initiatives.
    Funds provided in this account support programs targeting 
key transitions to democracy for countries in crisis and quick-
impact activities for conflict prevention or stabilization.
    Funds made available under this heading may only be 
administered by the Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI).
    The Committee directs OTI to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations summarizing new, ongoing, and 
completed country programs implemented by OTI in fiscal year 
2021, including programs supported with transferred funds, 
subject to the reporting requirements of the Committees on 
Appropriations.

                          COMPLEX CRISES FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $30,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................        30,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +30,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $30,000,000 for the 
Complex Crises Fund, which shall be apportioned to USAID not 
later than 60 days after enactment of this Act. The Committee 
notes the notification procedures required by the Global 
Fragility Act and the inclusion of the Committees on 
Appropriations in such requirement.
    Programs funded under this heading should encourage the 
inclusive and meaningful participation of youth in 
peacebuilding and conflict prevention, management, and 
resolution, as well as post-conflict relief and recovery 
efforts.

                 ECONOMIC SUPPORT AND DEVELOPMENT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................                $0
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................     5,925,600,000
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................    -5,925,600,000
 

    The Committee does not recommend funds under this heading 
as proposed in the fiscal year 2021 budget request.

                         ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................    $3,045,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request\1\...........................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................     3,344,407,000
    Change from enacted level.........................      +299,407,000
    Change from request...............................    +3,344,407,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2021 request proposes to consolidate funds under this
  heading and Development Assistance.

    The Committee recommendation includes $3,344,407,000 for 
Economic Support Fund.
    In addition, the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response 
Supplemental Appropriations Act (Public Law 116-123) included 
$250,000,000 for Economic Support Fund to prevent, prepare for, 
and respond to coronavirus, including other requirements 
related to the consequences of coronavirus.
    The Committee notes that funds recommended under this 
heading are provided to advance United States interests by 
helping countries meet political and security needs. The 
Committee recommendation includes short-term, diplomatic 
activities under this heading even if countries are also 
receiving support under Development Assistance.
    Funds for certain programs under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and subject to section 7019 of 
this Act:

                          ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Country/Program                      Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Africa
    Niger............................................              4,000
    Sudan............................................             10,000
    West Africa Anti-Slavery.........................              2,000
East Asia and the Pacific:
    Burma............................................             50,000
    Vietnam dioxin removal...........................             20,000
Middle East and North Africa:
    Lebanon..........................................            112,500
        of which, scholarships.......................             12,000
    Middle East Partnership Initiative scholarship                20,000
     program.........................................
    Middle East Regional Cooperation.................              5,000
    Morocco..........................................             10,000
    Near East Regional Democracy.....................             55,000
South and Central Asia:
    Sri Lanka........................................             20,000
Western Hemisphere:
    Cuba democracy...................................             20,000
    Caribbean Energy Security Initiative.............              3,000
    Organization of American States..................              5,000
Global Programs:
    Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women's Issues....             10,000
    Arctic Council...................................              1,000
    Atrocities Prevention (sec. 7034(c)).............              2,500
    Conflict and Stabilization Operations............              2,500
    Countering Chinese Influence Fund................             40,000
    Family Planning/Reproductive Health (USAID)......            164,525
    House Democracy Partnership......................              1,900
    Implementation of Public Law 99-415..............              5,000
    Information Communication Technology Training....              1,000
    Prevention and Stabilization Fund................             65,000
    UN Resident Coordinator System...................             23,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee provides additional direction on programs in 
Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, East Asia and the 
Pacific, and South and Central Asia under title VII of this 
report.

Middle East and North Africa

    The Committee provides additional direction on programs in 
the region under section 7041 of this report.
    Lebanon scholarships.--The Committee recommendation 
includes funds for scholarships for Lebanese students with high 
financial need to attend not-for-profit educational 
institutions in Lebanon that meet standards comparable to those 
required for American accreditation. Students in Lebanon should 
be eligible for scholarships if they demonstrate financial 
need, have strong academic records, and show potential to 
contribute to the long-term political, economic, and social 
development of Lebanon. The Committee directs that these funds 
be awarded through an open and competitive process.
    Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI).--The Committee 
supports continued funding for the MEPI scholarship program. 
Scholarships should be made available for institutions that 
meet standards comparable to those required for American 
accreditation and should be awarded in a manner consistent with 
prior fiscal years, including on an open and competitive basis.
    Middle East Regional Cooperation (MERC).--The Committee 
supports continued funding for the MERC program to facilitate 
research collaboration in the Middle East, including between 
Israelis and Palestinians.
    Syria.--The Committee recommendation includes $40,000,000 
for non-lethal stabilization assistance for Syria, including 
$7,000,000 for emergency medical and rescue response and 
chemical weapons use investigations.
    USAID-Israel international development cooperation.--The 
Committee is supportive of cooperative projects and the 
recommendation includes $2,000,000 to support local solutions 
to address sustainability challenges relating to water 
resources, agriculture, and energy storage.

Global Programs

    Combating violent extremism.--USAID shall consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on the utilization of locally-led 
programs developed to address the underlying causes of violent 
extremism and promote sustainable development in communities 
recently liberated from or particularly vulnerable to extremist 
organizations such as Boko Haram.
    Cybersecurity.--The Committee supports capacity building 
aimed at improving cybersecurity overseas and countering malign 
activity online.
    Diplomatic Progress Fund.--The Committee recommendation 
does not include the requested amount for a Diplomatic Progress 
Fund.
    Independent media.--The Committee continues to support 
assistance for independent media, including in Afghanistan, 
Burma, Cambodia, Ukraine, Venezuela, Pakistan, Central America, 
and Africa.
    Public diplomacy and countering disinformation.--The 
Committee recommendation includes $208,144,000 under this 
heading for public diplomacy and countering disinformation, 
particularly programs and activities to counter the growing 
influence and disinformation of China and Russia. Such 
activities shall include support for the development and 
dissemination of news and information that is reliable and 
authoritative, accurate, objective, and comprehensive and of 
technologies that improve free and open access to such 
information, especially in China, Russia, and other countries 
where the government restricts such access.
    Within the funds provided above for public diplomacy and 
countering disinformation, the following amounts shall be 
allocated for the activities listed in the following table and 
at not less than the designated amounts, subject to section 
7019 of this Act.

              PUBLIC DIPLOMACY & COUNTERING DISINFORMATION
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Activity                        Budget  Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Countering Chinese Influence.........................             48,465
    of which, expanded news and information in                     7,000
     Mandarin........................................
    of which, expanded news and information in                     2,500
     Cantonese.......................................
    of which, expanded news and information                        2,000
     concerning and for ethnic Uyghurs...............
    of which, expanded news and information in                     2,000
     Tibetan dialects................................
Countering Russian Influence.........................             21,254
    of which, expanded news and information to the                 2,000
     Balkans.........................................
    of which, expanded news and information to                     1,500
     Central and Eastern Europe......................
    of which, expanded news and information for                    8,500
     Russian speakers................................
    of which, expanded news and information to                     3,000
     Ukraine.........................................
Pakistan
    expanded news and information for Sindhi language              2,000
     speakers in Pakistan............................
Western Hemisphere
    expanded news and information for Central and                  2,500
     Latin America...................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition, the Committee recommendation includes 
authority for the Secretary of State to transfer amounts 
available under this heading for public diplomacy and 
countering disinformation to support international 
communication activities and to make grants for support of 
radio, Internet, and television broadcasting entities of the 
USAGM to carry out the purposes of such funds. Prior to the 
exercise of any such transfer authority, the Secretary is 
required to certify to the appropriate congressional committees 
that in programming such funds the receiving entity will adhere 
to the statutory firewall and highest standards of professional 
Journalism described in part 531 of title 22, Code of Federal 
Regulations, as in effect on June 11, 2020. Such funds are also 
subject to prior consultation with, and the regular 
notification procedures of, the Committees on Appropriations.
    Funds appropriated under this heading for global internet 
freedom are designated in the table under section 7050.
    USAID Humanitarian Demining.--The Committee recommends 
funding consistent with prior years for USAID's Humanitarian 
Demining program.

                             DEMOCRACY FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $273,700,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................       323,700,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +50,000,000
    Change from request...............................      +323,700,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $323,700,000 for 
Democracy Fund. Of the funds provided, $218,450,000 shall be 
for the Human Rights and Democracy Fund of the Bureau of 
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL) at the Department of 
State, and $105,250,000 shall be for the Center of Excellence 
on Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance (DRG) at USAID.
    Funds included under this heading were requested under 
Economic Support and Development Fund. The Committee 
recommendation realigns most global democracy activities from 
Economic Support Fund and places them under this heading.
    Funds under this heading are allocated according to the 
following table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                             DEMOCRACY FUND
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Program/Activity                     Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bureau for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor,
 Department of State:
    of which, Global Equality Fund...................             10,000
    of which, International Religious Freedom........             20,000
    of which, Promotion of Disability Rights.........              3,000
Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian
 Assistance, USAID:
    of which, Global Labor Program...................             12,500
    of which, Protection of LGBTI Persons............              6,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Annual human rights reports.--The Committee directs the 
Department of State to include in its annual country human 
rights reports descriptions of official government 
discrimination of LGBTI persons.
    Global Labor Program.--The Committee directs the USAID 
Administrator to consult with the Committees on Appropriations 
on any modifications or restructuring to the Global Labor 
Program prior to the obligation of funds, and that such funds 
are also subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations.
    Independent media.--The Committee encourages the Department 
of State and USAID to strengthen independent media programs, 
including the promotion of internet freedom, especially in 
areas where independent information sources are increasingly 
under threat.

Report

    Additional resources.--The Committee directs DRL at the 
Department of State and DRG at USAID to jointly submit a report 
to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than 45 days 
after enactment of this Act, on the planned use of additional 
resources.

            ASSISTANCE FOR EUROPE, EURASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2019 enacted level........................      $770,334,000
Fiscal Year 2020 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................       770,334,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +770,334,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $770,334,000 for 
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia.
    Funds for certain programs under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and subject to section 7019 of 
this Act:

             ASSISTANCE FOR EUROPE, EURASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Country/Program                      Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Countering Russian Influence Fund....................             85,000
Georgia..............................................             88,025
Ukraine..............................................            255,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Cyprus.--The Committee notes that no funds were requested 
for Cyprus, but should the Secretary of State decide to provide 
funds, such assistance should only be used for measures aimed 
at reunification and designed to reduce tensions and promote 
peace and cooperation between the two communities in Cyprus. 
The Committee notes that such programs are subject to the 
requirements of section 7015 of this Act. Funding for the 
United States assessed cost of the UN Peacekeeping Force in 
Cyprus are provided under Contributions for International 
Peacekeeping Activities.
    Cybersecurity assistance to Ukraine, Georgia, and other 
partners.--The Committee remains concerned by the Russia 
Federation's cyber-attacks against Ukraine, Georgia, and other 
security partners and allies in Europe and Eurasia. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to prioritize funding 
provided under this heading to assist our partners in improving 
their cybersecurity capabilities and resilience to hybrid 
threats and information warfare, including through both 
bilateral assistance and assistance through multilateral 
initiatives to counter such threats.
    Eastern Mediterranean Partnership joint dialogues.--The 
recommendation includes $2,000,000 under this heading, to be 
made available until expended, and to be transferred to the 
Economic Support Fund, to establish an annual joint dialogue in 
the United States with Israel, Greece, and Cyprus. The dialogue 
shall be conducted on an annual basis and shall support the 
joint declaration signed by the Secretary of State on March 21, 
2019 to ``increase regional cooperation; to support energy 
independence and security; and to defend against external 
malign influences in the Eastern Mediterranean and the broader 
Middle East.'' The dialogues shall also support successful 
implementation of the Eastern Mediterranean Partnerships 
Security and Partnership Act (title II of Division J of Public 
Law 116-94). The dialogues shall include the participation of 
career government personnel, including both foreign service and 
non-foreign service personnel, of the Departments of State, 
Defense and Energy and their counterparts in the Governments of 
Israel, Greece, and Cyprus. Officials from other United States 
Government agencies and departments, and their respective 
counterparts, may also participate in the dialogues, as 
appropriate. The funds specified by this Act shall be made 
available to pay for the costs of hosting the dialogues, 
including costs incurred by the governments of Israel, Greece, 
Cyprus for participation by officials of such governments.
    Energy security for United State allies and partners.--The 
Committee recognizes that energy security is essential for 
United States national security and the security of our 
European allies. The Committee directs the Secretary of State 
and USAID Administrator to prioritize financing for alternative 
sources of energy to Europe, particularly green technologies, 
support energy sector reforms, and to coordinate with the CEO 
of the United States International Development Finance 
Corporation with respect to support of the Three Seas 
Initiative.
    Research and training.--The Committee directs the Secretary 
of State to provide $3,000,000 for programs pursuant to section 
7034(e) of this Act for research and training authorized by the 
Soviet-Eastern European Research and Training Act of 1983.

Report

    Standards and protocols on countering cybersecurity 
incidents.--The Committee notes that in July of 2016 the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) recognized cyberspace as a 
domain of operations in which NATO must defend itself as it 
does in other operational domains. The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Defense, to report to the Committees on Appropriations not 
later than 180 days after enactment of this Act on common NATO 
standards and protocols for countering cybersecurity incidents.

                          Department of State


                    MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level\1\.....................    $3,432,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request\2\...........................       299,214,000
Committee recommendation\3\...........................     3,432,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................    +3,132,786,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2020 enacted level includes $1,521,355,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.
\2\The fiscal year 2021 request includes funds for overseas refugee
  assistance under a new International Humanitarian Assistance account.
\3\The fiscal year 2021 recommendation includes $1,521,355,000 under
  this heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.

    The Committee recommendation includes $3,432,000,000 for 
Migration and Refugee Assistance, of which $1,521,355,000 is 
designated for OCO/GWOT.
    In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic 
Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included 
$350,000,000 for Migration and Refugee Assistance to prevent, 
prepare for, and respond to coronavirus.
    Of the funds made available under this heading, the 
Committee recommendation includes not less than $35,000,000 to 
respond to small-scale emergency humanitarian requirements.
    Burmese refugees.--The Committee urges the Secretary of 
State to provide robust diplomatic engagement and assistance 
for refugees and other displaced people from Burma, including 
those who have fled ethnic cleansing and other attacks.
    Child protection.--The Committee recognizes the need for 
additional protection of children in conflict and crisis 
settings. The Committee encourages the Bureau of Population, 
Refugees, and Migration to play an increasing leadership role 
to protect children in humanitarian crises and ensure that 
protection is integrated across other humanitarian sectors.
    Ethnic and religious minorities.--The Committee 
recommendation includes funds under this heading for support of 
humanitarian assistance for vulnerable and persecuted refugees 
from ethnic and religious minorities to: (1) facilitate the 
implementation of an immediate, coordinated, and sustained 
response; (2) enhance protection of conflict victims; (3) 
improve access to secure locations for obtaining humanitarian 
and resettlement services; and (4) build resilience and help 
reestablish livelihoods for displaced and persecuted persons in 
their communities of origin.
    Humanitarian law and armed conflict.--The Committee remains 
concerned over an increasing trend in violations of 
international humanitarian law in armed conflict and the lack 
of accountability for such violations. These violations include 
attacks on children, other civilians, and humanitarian workers; 
attacks on civilian infrastructure such as schools, hospitals, 
and food and water systems; and continued denial of 
humanitarian access to populations in need in Yemen, Syria, 
Iraq, South Sudan, and Venezuela.
    Mexico.--The Committee recommendation includes sufficient 
funds under this heading to continue assistance to enhance the 
capacity of the Mexican Commission of Assistance to Refugees to 
process asylum applications of refugees in Mexico.
    Refugees in the Middle East.--The Committee encourages the 
Secretary of State and the USAID Administrator, as appropriate, 
to ensure that the diplomatic and assistance needs of countries 
in the region offering safe haven to Syrian refugees are being 
addressed, including through assistance to host communities.
    Resettlement in Israel.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $5,000,000 for refugees from the former Soviet Union, 
Eastern Europe, and other refugees resettling in Israel, which 
is the same as the request and similar to language carried in 
prior years.
    Sanitation facilities.--The Committee encourages the Bureau 
of Population, Refugees, and Migration to place a special 
emphasis on the provision of safe and secure access to 
sanitation facilities for refugees, with a focus on women and 
girls and vulnerable populations.
    Tibetan refugees.--The Committee supports the continued 
allocation of funds to assist Tibetan refugees in Nepal and 
India at levels commensurate with prior years. The Committee 
deplores the increasing repression of the Tibetan people and is 
concerned that Nepalese officials have handed over Tibetan 
refugees to Chinese border authorities, in contravention of 
Nepal's international obligations to protect refugees fleeing 
persecution. The Committee supports efforts by the Secretary of 
State to work with the Government of Nepal to provide safe 
transit for Tibetan refugees and legal protections to Tibetans 
residing in Nepal.
    Unaccompanied refugee minors.--The Committee supports the 
resettlement of unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) and expects 
the Secretary of State to continue to provide robust support 
for the present and future resettlement of these children, 
including those who have fled ethnic cleansing and other forms 
of persecution. The Committee notes that URM are among those 
refugee nationalities and categories whose admission is listed 
as part of the fiscal year 2020 Presidential Determination. The 
Committee is deeply concerned about reports that the United 
States Refugee Admissions Program is no longer accepting 
resettlement referrals from the United Nations High 
Commissioner for Refugees and nongovernmental organizations 
(NGOs), including for URM. The Committee expects that funding 
appropriated under this heading will continue to support 
resettlement of qualifying URM.
    United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund.--
Established in 2005, the United Nations Central Emergency 
Response Fund (CERF) pools contributions from donors around the 
world into a single fund allowing humanitarian responders to 
deliver life-saving assistance that is targeted to meet the 
most urgent, life-saving needs. Funds are provided for: (1) 
rapid response grants to provide support when a new crisis 
hits, when an existing emergency deteriorates significantly, or 
in response to time-critical needs; and (2) underfunded 
emergency grants for critical needs in underfunded and often 
protracted crises. Given the uncertainty of the course and 
impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, especially on refugees, other 
displaced persons, and host communities in the Middle East and 
Africa, the Committee encourages the Secretary of State to 
provide immediate support for the CERF from funds available 
under this heading.
    United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA).--The 
Committee remains concerned over the continued suspension of 
United States support for UNRWA. After nearly 70-years of 
United States contributions, which had been on average one-
third of UNRWA's annual budget, the suspension of assistance 
has left UNRWA struggling to raise the funds needed to deliver 
basic humanitarian services. The continued withholding of 
United States assistance in the absence of an alternative 
operational, humanitarian organization will only lead to higher 
rates of poverty, fuel extremism, and further reduce the 
prospects for peace. The Committee further notes that UNRWA's 
operations are independent and not under the authority of 
governing entities in the West Bank, Gaza, Lebanon, Syria, or 
Jordan.
    Pursuant to section 7048(d), funds appropriated under this 
heading shall be made available to UNRWA unless the Secretary 
of State determines and reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations that UNRWA is violating certain policies related 
to neutrality, impartiality, prohibiting weapons in their 
facilities, regular inspections, educational materials, 
financial transparency, and auditing practices.
    Venezuelan migrants.--The Committee recommendation includes 
funds to expand support for refugees fleeing economic collapse 
and repression in Venezuela. Furthermore, the Committee urges 
the Secretary of State to press other donor countries to make 
more substantial commitments to help Colombia and other 
neighboring countries deal with the influx of migrants who have 
fled Venezuela.

Reports

    United Nations Relief and Works Agency.--The Committee is 
concerned that the Department of State has not submitted the 
report required under section 7048 of House Report 116-78. The 
Committee directs the Department to immediately provide the 
report required in the FY 2020 House report. Further, the 
Committee directs that, not later than 45 days after enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to 
the Committees on Appropriations detailing the rationale behind 
the determination by the Department of State to maintain the 
suspension of assistance to UNRWA. Such a report shall also 
contain a detailed comparison of UNRWA's human development and 
humanitarian services for each of the seven decades of UNRWA's 
operation, to include: (1) the number of Palestinians receiving 
services in UNRWA health facilities, including child survival 
and maternal mortality rates, vaccination rates, and 
availability of needed medical supplies, including 
contraception; (2) living conditions, including the number of 
UNRWA-built temporary housing, long-term housing, and camps; 
(3) the number of UNRWA-operated schools and the total number 
of students enrolled in school, disaggregated by age, sex, and 
education level (pre-primary, primary, secondary, post-
secondary/non-higher education, vocational training and higher 
education); (4) graduation versus drop-out rates from all 
UNRWA-operated schools, disaggregated by age, sex, and 
education level; and (5) job placement rates following 
completion of higher education versus unemployment rates, 
disaggregated by age and sex.
    United States Refugee Admissions Program.--Not later than 
180 days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, 
after consultation with the heads of other relevant Federal 
agencies, shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations a 
report on the United States Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP). 
Such report shall identify, on a fiscal year basis, the number 
of refugees in the USRAP pipeline who are: (1) awaiting an 
interview with the United States Citizenship and Immigration 
Services (USCIS); (2) pending security clearance after a USCIS 
interview; (3) cleared for admission into the United States; 
and (4) awaiting departure. The report shall also specify the 
average processing times, disaggregated by the applicant's 
nationality, of each step listed above. Finally, the report 
shall include an assessment of the impact that the extended 
moratorium of refugee arrivals had on the refugees already 
vetted by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in the 
pipeline. The report shall be submitted in unclassified form, 
but may include a classified annex.
    Urban refugee protection.--The Committee recognizes that 
many refugees do not reside in camps and, as a result, have 
special protection needs. Not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall report to 
the Committees on Appropriations on the status of the 
Principles for Refugee Protection in Urban Areas of the Bureau 
of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Department of State.

     UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................          $100,000
Fiscal Year 2020 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................           100,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................          +100,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $100,000 for United 
States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund. The 
bill also directs the transfer to Migration and Refugee 
Assistance of any balances in the Fund that exceed the 
limitation in paragraph (2) of section 2(c) of the Migration 
and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962.
    The Committee is aware that for the past three years, the 
President has not utilized funds in the United States Emergency 
Refugee and Migrant Assistance Fund. The Committee does not 
support the Administration's multiple attempts to eliminate 
this emergency Presidential drawdown account. The Committee 
urges the President to make use of the account.

                          Independent Agencies


                              PEACE CORPS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $410,500,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       401,200,000
Committee recommendation..............................       410,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................        +9,300,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $410,500,000 for 
Peace Corps, of which $6,330,000 is for the Office of the 
Inspector General.
    In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic 
Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included 
$88,000,000 for Peace Corps to prevent, prepare for, and 
respond to coronavirus, including for evacuation expenses.
    The Committee recommendation for Peace Corps will provide 
support for Americans serving as volunteers throughout the 
world, including volunteer safety and security operations. The 
Committee recommendation continues the ban on the use of funds 
for abortion, with certain exceptions, and requires an 
operating plan pursuant to section 7061 of this Act.
    Notification and consultation requirements.--The Committee 
notes that Peace Corps failed to meet the pre-consultation 
requirements for the proposed closure of the United States-
China Friendship Volunteer Program. The Committee 
recommendation continues the requirement that the Peace Corps 
must consult with and notify the Committees on Appropriations 
prior to any decisions to open, close, significantly reduce, or 
suspend a domestic or overseas office or country program. The 
Committee includes further language under Reports in this 
heading.
    Volunteer evacuations and redeployment.--The Committee 
recognizes the unprecedented decision to evacuate more than 
7,000 United States Peace Corps volunteers and staff serving 
overseas in response to the coronavirus outbreak and commends 
the Peace Corps for its response to ensure the safety of all 
volunteers and staff. The Committee directs the Director of the 
Peace Corps to continue recruitment activities and allow former 
volunteers that were evacuated due to the coronavirus pandemic 
to reapply in an expedited fashion to ensure a rapid 
redeployment of volunteers once host country conditions are 
safe to do so. The Committee includes further language under 
Reports in this heading.
    United States-China Friendship Volunteer Program.--The 
Committee recognizes that the United States-China Friendship 
Volunteer Program, established by President George H.W. Bush in 
1989, is one of the only remaining people-to-people programs 
between the United States and the People's Republic of China. 
The program provides an opportunity for United States citizens 
to learn Chinese, teach English to Chinese students, and share 
American values and customs despite strained relationships 
between the two countries. The Committee notes that many former 
volunteers have gone on to careers with the Department of 
State, USAID, and the private sector as a result of the 
language skills and in-depth knowledge of China gained during 
their service, demonstrating the long-term value of the 
program. Therefore, the Committee recommendation does not 
include funding in this Act or prior Acts for the permanent 
closure of the United States-China Friendship Volunteer 
Program.

Reports

     Feminine hygiene products.--The Committee directs the 
Director of the Peace Corps to provide to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act, a strategy to ensure that all Peace Corps volunteers who 
need feminine hygiene products have access to them, regardless 
of country of service. Such strategy shall take into 
consideration the availability of feminine hygiene products for 
purchase locally, their price, and the cultural norms 
surrounding menstruation.
    Notification and consultation requirements.--The Committee 
directs the Director of the Peace Corps to submit a report to 
the Committees on Appropriations annually listing all decisions 
made during the fiscal year to change the status of offices or 
country programs and the justifications for such decisions, 
subject to the reporting procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations.
    Overseas presence.-- The Committee directs the Director of 
the Peace Corps to provide to the Committees on Appropriations, 
not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, a report 
detailing the criteria used to determine Peace Corps overseas 
presence, including factors used to determine when to open or 
close a program and assigning volunteers to host countries. 
Such report shall contain proposed standard operating 
procedures and standardized criteria to determine when Peace 
Corps should open or close a program overseas. The Director of 
the Peace Corps shall consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on the format of such report.
    Volunteer evacuations and redeployment.--The Committee 
directs the Director of the Peace Corps to provide to the 
Committees on Appropriations, not later than 45 days after 
enactment of this Act, a strategy to rapidly redeploy 
volunteers and staff to host countries evacuated due to the 
coronavirus pandemic once it is safe to do so. Such strategy 
shall include proposals for the expedited recruitment of 
volunteers, application waivers for former volunteers evacuated 
due to the coronavirus pandemic, criteria to determine when 
volunteers and staff can be redeployed safely to host 
countries, and the costs associated with such redeployment.

                    MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $905,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       800,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................       905,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +105,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $905,000,000 for 
Millennium Challenge Corporation. The Committee recommendation 
includes a limitation of $112,000,000 for administrative 
expenses and not more than $100,000 may be for representational 
expenses.
    Funding included for administrative expenses is made 
available until September 30, 2026.
    Deobligation notification.--Consistent with section 7015(c) 
of this Act, the reobligation of funds deobligated by the 
Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) is subject to the 
regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations. In any notification of reobligation, the MCC 
shall indicate the Compact or activity that is the source of 
the deobligation and the year in which the deobligation 
occurred.
    Disinformation campaigns.--The Committee notes recent 
disinformation campaigns launched against proposed MCC compacts 
in the Indo-Pacific region. The Committee directs the Chief 
Executive Officer (CEO) of the MCC to develop a strategy to 
counter disinformation efforts in the region.
    MCC mandate.--The Committee continues to direct the CEO of 
the MCC to include the corresponding economic rate of return 
estimated for each line item funded in the compact in 
congressional notifications submitted for new compacts.
    Threshold program.--The CEO of the MCC shall consult with 
the Committees on Appropriations if a planned threshold program 
will cause the total amount obligated for purposes of carrying 
out section 616 of the Millennium Challenge Act of 2003 (Public 
Law 108-199), as amended, to exceed 5 percent in fiscal year 
2021.

                       INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $37,500,000
Fiscal Year 2020 request..............................         3,850,000
Committee recommendation..............................        41,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        +4,000,000
    Change from request...............................       +37,650,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $41,500,000 for 
Inter-American Foundation. The Committee recommendation does 
not assume the consolidation of the Inter-American Foundation 
(IAF) into USAID, as proposed by the fiscal year 2021 request.
    The Committee applauds the work of the IAF in supporting 
community-led solutions for building resiliency to disasters 
and extreme weather changes and assisting small farming 
operations in the eastern Caribbean, while advancing United 
States priorities in the region. The Committee supports the 
IAF's commitment to expanding its investments in the eastern 
Caribbean.
    The bill directs that funds appropriated under this heading 
be made available for programs and activities in El Salvador, 
Guatemala, and Honduras.
    Within the increase recommended for fiscal year 2021, 
sufficient funds are available to support a pilot exchange 
program between indigenous IAF grantees and Native American 
tribes.
    The Committee notes that section 7061(a) of this Act 
requires an operating plan for funds made available under this 
heading.

              UNITED STATES AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $33,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................         4,660,000
Committee recommendation..............................        33,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +28,340,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $33,000,000 for 
United States African Development Foundation. The Committee 
recommendation does not assume the consolidation of the United 
States African Development Foundation (USADF) into USAID, as 
proposed by the fiscal year 2021 request.
    The Committee encourages the USADF to explore cooperation 
with African diaspora entities in the United States.
    The Committee directs the USADF to consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations prior to exercising the authority 
in section 7024 of this Act for new grants. The Committee notes 
that section 7061(a) of this Act requires an operating plan for 
funds made available under this heading.

                       DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

               INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $30,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        33,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................        33,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        +3,000,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $33,000,000 for 
International Affairs Technical Assistance by the Department of 
the Treasury. The operating and spend plans required under 
section 7061 of this Act shall include estimated program and 
administrative costs by fiscal year of appropriation.

                           DEBT RESTRUCTURING

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $15,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        78,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................        78,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +63,000,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $78,000,000 for Debt 
Restructuring. Of the funds provided, $63,000,000 shall be to 
support United States bilateral debt restructuring and relief 
for Somalia as part of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries 
(HIPC) Initiative.
    Tropical Forest Conservation Act.--The Committee supports 
debt-for-nature programs through the Tropical Forest 
Conservation Act, and the recommendation assumes funding equal 
to prior year levels for this purpose.

              TITLE IV--INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE


                          Department of State


          INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................    $1,391,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................     1,010,280,000
Committee recommendation..............................     1,391,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +380,720,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,391,000,000 for 
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement.
    Funds for certain programs under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and subject to section 7019 of 
this Act:

           INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Country/Program/Activity                 Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Atrocities prevention (sec. 7034(c)).................              2,500
Colombia.............................................            189,000
Combating wildlife trafficking.......................             50,000
Countering Chinese Influence Fund....................             50,000
Countering Russian Influence Fund....................             50,000
Critical Flight Safety Program.......................             18,000
    of which, health monitoring systems..............             12,500
Cybercrime and intellectual property rights..........             10,000
Demand reduction.....................................             15,000
Egypt................................................              2,000
Georgia..............................................              5,700
International Law Enforcement Academy................             35,000
International Organized Crime........................             68,150
Inter-Regional Aviation Support......................             47,230
    of which, sensor upgrades........................             10,000
Mexico...............................................            100,000
Programs to end modern slavery.......................             25,000
Prevention and Stabilization Fund....................             10,000
Tunisia..............................................             13,000
Ukraine..............................................             30,000
Security assistance programs for the West Bank.......             75,000
Security Force Professionalization (sec. 7035(a))....              3,000
State Western Hemisphere Regional....................            202,500
    of which, Caribbean Basin Security Initiative....             35,000
    of which, Central America Regional Security                  155,000
     Initiative......................................
        [Costa Rica].................................             32,500
Combatting Trafficking in Persons....................             45,000
    of which, Office to Combat Trafficking in Persons             36,000
        [Child Protection Compacts]..................            [5,000]
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Combatting wildlife trafficking.--The Committee includes 
$50,000,000 under this heading for programs to combat wildlife 
poaching and trafficking. The Committee supports the use of the 
authority provided in section 484(a)(2) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act for transfer of title of aircraft to support 
anti-poaching activities.
    Critical Flight Safety Program.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $18,000,000 for the Critical Flight 
Safety Program, including $12,500,000 for Health Monitoring 
System Cockpit and Voice Flight Data Recorders for UH-60 
aircraft. The Committee believes these enhancements are 
critical to the safety, readiness, and reliability of the 
aircraft. The Committee directs that such funds shall be 
awarded on a competitive basis.
    Cybercrime and intellectual property rights.--The Committee 
recommendation supports the efforts of United States Government 
agencies to build the capacity of partner nations to combat 
cybercrime and strengthen law enforcement in the area of 
intellectual property rights, including through the placement 
of Intellectual Property Law Enforcement Coordinators. The 
Committee notes the spend plan requirements contained in 
section 7061(b) apply to such funds.
    Demand reduction.--The Committee directs that $15,000,000 
be made available for the centrally-managed, evidence-based 
global demand reduction program to ensure that these funds will 
continue to achieve reductions in drug use and crime in 
countries around the world.
    Diplomatic Progress Fund.--The Committee recommendation 
does not include the requested amount for a Diplomatic Progress 
Fund.
    DNA forensic technology.--The Committee recommendation 
provides not less than $10,000,000 under this heading for DNA 
forensic technology programs to combat human trafficking in 
Central America and Mexico. Such funds are to be derived from 
funds provided under this heading for CARSI and for assistance 
for Mexico. The Committee notes that DNA forensic science and 
DNA databases have a unique capability to confirm identities 
and have proven to be an effective tool in deterring and 
preventing human trafficking. The Committee expects the 
Department of State to work in partnership to further develop 
the capacity of the governments of Central America and Mexico 
to utilize DNA forensic science and databases to combat 
trafficking in persons.
    Ecuador.--The Committee recommendation includes funding at 
the amount included in the budget request for Ecuador.
    Inter-regional aviation support.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $47,230,000 for Inter-regional Aviation 
Support. Within the total, $10,000,000 is provided to procure, 
upgrade, and install U.S. manufactured and assembled electro-
optical/infra-red sensors onto INL rotary-wing aircraft. The 
Committee notes the Department has sought information on these 
capabilities in prior years. The Committee further notes that 
such capabilities could significantly improve day/night 
operations, safety and security for INL helicopter operations 
in challenging environments, and the performance of search and 
rescue, counterterrorism, and counternarcotics missions. The 
Committee directs that funds for such purpose shall be made 
available through an open and competitive process.
    Global crime and drugs policy.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $7,000,000 for activities to mobilize 
global institutions to combat factors that contribute to the 
opioid crisis and other drug and transnational criminal 
organization threats.
    Global Magnitsky Act.--The Committee recommendation 
includes funds under this heading for expenses incurred by the 
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs 
for Global Magnitsky Act implementation, and directs the 
Secretary of State to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on the use of funds for such purposes.
    International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEA).--The 
Committee recommendation provides $35,000,000 for ILEA to 
support regional law enforcement training. The Committee also 
expects ILEA to continue coursework to address wildlife 
poaching and trafficking.
    International Organized Crime.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $68,150,000 for International Organized 
Crime, which includes amounts requested for programs to further 
the objectives of Executive Order 13773 on Enforcing Federal 
Law with Respect to Transnational Criminal Organizations and 
Preventing International Trafficking. The Committee notes the 
spend plan requirements contained in section 7061(b) apply to 
such funds.
    Opioids.--The Committee continues to support Department of 
State efforts and activities to address the flow of illegal 
opioids into the United States, including: (1) programs to 
assist the Government of Mexico in securing its borders and 
reducing poppy cultivation and heroin and synthetic drug 
production; (2) programs to thwart transnational criminal 
organizations involved in the trafficking of heroin and 
fentanyl; (3) diplomatic efforts to strengthen precursor 
chemical control and training on international treaty 
obligations related to opioids; (4) measures to strengthen the 
security of the international postal system to prevent illegal 
shipments of opioids from entering the United States, 
particularly from the People's Republic of China (PRC); and (5) 
global demand reduction programs.
    Passive screening.--The Committee is aware of ongoing 
efforts with foreign governments to deploy passive, non-
intrusive screening technologies to detect small quantities of 
person-borne opioids, fentanyl, and other narcotics as well as 
United States currency, related to drug trafficking. The 
Committee supports this ongoing effort and encourages the 
Department of State to consider expanding these efforts with 
international partners to other United States bound airports 
and pedestrian ports of entry.
    Peru.--The Committee recommendation includes funding at the 
amount included in the budget request for Peru.

    NON-PROLIFERATION, ANTI TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $895,750,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       753,550,000
Committee recommendation..............................       897,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................        +1,250,000
    Change from request...............................      +143,450,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $897,000,000 for 
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and Related 
Programs. Such funds are allocated according to the following 
table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

     NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Program/Activity                     Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nonproliferation programs:
    Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund............             30,000
    Export Control and Related Border Security.......             67,000
    International Atomic Energy Agency...............             94,800
Anti-terrorism programs:
    Anti-terrorism Assistance........................            182,000
    Counterterrorism financing.......................             12,500
    Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund...............             84,500
Conventional weapons destruction.....................            247,050
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Nonproliferation programs.--The Committee includes 
$304,800,000 for nonproliferation programs. The Committee 
emphasizes that nonproliferation programs of the Department of 
State and other Federal agencies are critical to United States 
national security. The Committee urges close coordination among 
all agencies involved in such activities. The Committee directs 
the Secretary of State to report to the Committees on 
Appropriations not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act on the Office of Cooperative Threat Reduction's (CTR) 
monitoring and evaluation of programs, including CTR's use of 
evaluation metrics.
    The Committee recommendation includes a voluntary 
contribution of $94,800,000 to the International Atomic Energy 
Agency (IAEA) to support programs that promote nuclear 
safeguards, nuclear safety and security, the responsible use of 
nuclear energy, and the peaceful uses of nuclear technologies.
    Anti-terrorism programs.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $335,150,000 for anti-terrorism programs, including 
$182,000,000 for the Anti-terrorism Assistance Program, which 
provides counterterrorism law enforcement training to partner 
countries.
    Conventional Weapons Destruction.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $247,050,000 for Conventional Weapons 
Destruction programs, of which $40,000,000 is for programs in 
Laos. The recommendation also includes additional funds above 
the prior year level for increased demining activities in 
Angola, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Vietnam and other countries with 
unmet humanitarian demining requirements. The Committee directs 
the Secretary of State to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations with respect to the allocation of funds above 
the fiscal year 2020 level prior to submitting the 653(a) 
report.
    The Committee recognizes the urgent demining need in Yemen. 
The Committee directs the Secretary of State to conduct an 
assessment of the humanitarian demining needs and requirements 
in Yemen.
    In addition, the Committee continues to support the 
Department of State's demining activities in Colombia, 
Cambodia, and Ukraine.
    Prevention and Stabilization Fund.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $10,000,000 for the Prevention and 
Stabilization Fund.

Report

    Biological threats.--The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State, in consultation with the USAID Administrator, to report 
to Committees on Appropriations not later than 90 days after 
the enactment of this Act on Department of State and USAID 
programs, including staffing and foreign assistance, for 
countering emerging biological threats. If necessary, the 
report may be submitted in classified form.

                        PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level\1\.....................      $457,348,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       290,000,000
Committee recommendation\2\...........................       457,348,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +167,348,000
 
\1\The fiscal year 2020 enacted level includes $325,213,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.
\2\The fiscal year 2021 recommendation includes $325,213,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.

    The Committee recommendation includes $457,348,000 for 
Peacekeeping Operations, of which $325,213,000 is designated 
for OCO/GWOT. Such funds are allocated according to the 
following table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                         PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Country/Program/Activity                 Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Africa:
    Central African Republic.........................              8,000
    Democratic Republic of the Congo.................              3,000
    Liberia..........................................              1,000
    Somalia..........................................            208,108
    South Sudan......................................             20,000
    Africa Regional..................................             51,240
Near East:
    Multinational Force and Observers................             31,000
Political-Military Affairs:
    Global Peacekeeping Operations Initiative........             71,000
        of which, modernization of training                     [10,000]
         infrastructure..............................
    Prevention and Stabilization Fund................             15,000
    Security Force Professionalization (Sec 7035(a)).              3,000
    Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership........             40,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Africa Regional.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$51,240,000 for Africa Regional, including $17,500,000 for the 
Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism, 
$8,400,000 for Africa Conflict Stabilization and Border 
Security, $2,000,000 for Africa Military Education Program, 
$3,000,000 for the Africa Maritime Security Initiative, and 
$17,500,000 for Africa Regional Counterterrorism.
    Child soldiers.--The Committee includes language in section 
7035(c) of this Act requiring that funds should not be used to 
support military training or operations that include child 
soldiers.
    Global Peace Operations Initiative.--The Committee 
recommendation includes not less than $71,000,000 for the 
Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI), including not less 
than $10,000,000 to support current modernization efforts for 
GPOI training infrastructure. The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State to prioritize the modernization and upgrade 
of training infrastructure within the funds made available to 
the Peace Operations Capacity Building Division.
    Illicit charcoal exports.--The Committee is concerned with 
continued reports suggesting that the United Nations ban on 
charcoal exports from Somalia is not being fully enforced and 
directs the Secretary of State to report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, about the efforts of regional security partners to enforce 
the ban and to hold accountable any of their own soldiers or 
officers implicated in the facilitation of illicit trafficking 
that finances al-Shabaab. The Committee also directs the 
Secretary to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on 
potential additional steps that could be taken to support the 
ban.
    Near East.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$31,000,000 for the Multinational Force and Observers Mission 
(MFO) in the Sinai. The Committee directs that funds made 
available above the level of the United States contribution are 
intended to address ongoing force protection requirements and 
emerging needs to protect and sustain the MFO mission in the 
Sinai. The Committee notes the invaluable service provided by 
the MFO in preserving stability in a very volatile part of the 
world with relatively few personnel and a small budget. The 
Committee opposes any effort to weaken United States support 
for the MFO and directs that no funds shall be provided to 
withdraw troops from the MFO without the explicit consent and 
prior approval of the appropriate congressional committees.
    Somalia.--Consistent with prior years, the Committee 
recommendation includes funds under this heading for the UN 
Support Office for the African Union Mission in Somalia 
(UNSOS), instead of under Contributions for International 
Peacekeeping Activities.
    Report Rapid DNA Technology.--The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State to report to the Committees on 
Appropriations not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act on the potential effectiveness of deploying rapid DNA 
testing as a component of sexual assault prevention programs in 
international peacekeeping missions.

                  Funds Appropriated to the President


             INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $112,925,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       104,925,000
Committee recommendation..............................       112,925,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................        +8,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $112,925,000 for 
International Military Education and Training (IMET). The 
Committee recognizes the challenges facing the Departments of 
State and Defense to obligate IMET funding provided in fiscal 
year 2020 because of the COVID-19 pandemic and is temporarily 
extending availability of fiscal year 2021 IMET to two-years. 
The Committee encourages the Department of State and the 
Department of Defense to use all means at their disposal to 
ensure funds do not expire prior to obligation.
    The Committee recommendation includes IMET funding 
specified for Mexico under Section 7045 of this report.
    The Committee notes that IMET program should reflect the 
importance of the Indo-Pacific region, especially in enhancing 
military-to-military relationships with key partners and allies 
in the region and strengthening the professionalism and 
democratic values among security partners in the Indo-Pacific.

                   FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level\1\.....................    $6,156,924,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................     5,570,900,000
Committee recommendation\2\...........................     6,156,924,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +586,024,000
 
1The fiscal year 2020 enacted level includes $511,909,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.
2The fiscal year 2021 recommendation includes $511,909,000 under this
  heading designated for Overseas Contingency Operations.

    The Committee recommendation includes $6,156,924,000 for 
Foreign Military Financing Program (FMF), of which $511,909,000 
is designated for OCO/GWOT.
    The Committee recommendation continues prior year language 
allowing the Secretary of State to expedite the procurement of 
defense articles or services for foreign security forces, 
following consultation with, and notification of, the 
Committees on Appropriations.
    Funds for certain programs under this heading are allocated 
according to the following table and subject to section 7019 of 
this Act:

                   FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Country                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Central Asia:
    Central Asia Regional............................             20,000
East Asia and the Pacific:
    Countering Chinese Influence Fund................             45,000
Europe and Eurasia:
    Countering Russian Influence Fund................            150,000
    Estonia..........................................             11,400
    Georgia..........................................             35,000
    Latvia...........................................             11,400
    Lithuania........................................             11,400
    Ukraine..........................................            115,000
Near East:
    Israel...........................................          3,300,000
    Egypt............................................          1,300,000
    Jordan...........................................            425,000
Western Hemisphere:
    Colombia.........................................             38,525
    Costa Rica.......................................              7,500
    Mexico...........................................              7,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Department of Defense programs and funding notifications.--
Section 7015(d) includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funding appropriated by this Act or prior Acts to 
support or continue certain programs initially funded by the 
Department of Defense, unless the Secretary of State, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Defense and in accordance 
with the regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations, submits a justification to such Committees.
    East Asia and the Pacific.--The Committee remains concerned 
about the military modernization of the PRC and the PRC's 
claims in territorial disputes, including on the seas and in 
cyberspace. The Committee encourages the Secretary of State to 
continue to engage with allies in the region on the political, 
economic, and military implications of the strategic rise of 
the PRC, including through military assistance and sales 
programs. FMF resources should emphasize building the maritime 
security capabilities of United States partners in Southeast 
Asia and the Pacific. The Secretary should also work with the 
Secretary of Defense to prioritize the provision of excess 
defense articles applicable to maritime security missions to 
countries in the region, as appropriate.
    Effectiveness of military assistance.--The Committee 
encourages the Secretary of State to make funds available under 
this heading for the general costs of administering military 
assistance and sales for the purpose increasing the efficiency 
and effectiveness of programs authorized by Chapter 2 of the 
Arms Export Control Act.
    FMF administration.--Section 7035(c) includes a withholding 
of $25,000,000 until the Defense Security Cooperation Agency, 
jointly with the Department of State, submits to the Committees 
on Appropriations the budget justification and classified 
appendices for the Foreign Military Financing Program.
    Israel.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$3,300,000,000 in grants for military assistance to Israel, 
which is the same as the budget request. The Committee notes 
that the recommendation fully funds the third year of the ten-
year Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the United 
States and Israel. The Committee further notes the continued 
importance of Israel as a major strategic partner and ally of 
the United States in an unstable and critical region of the 
world. The Committee recognizes that the United States-Israel 
partnership is integral to United States national security 
interests in the region and supports the continuation of the 
MOU framework negotiated by the Obama Administration to 
strengthen the strategic partnership to the benefit of both the 
United States and Israel. The Committee emphasizes the 
commitment of the United States to the security of Israel and 
to ensuring that Israel's qualitative military edge and defense 
capabilities are maintained.
    The Committee notes that Israel maintains the flexibility 
under the MOU to purchase jet fuel from the United States.
    Section 7035(b) includes language carried in the prior year 
designating an amount for the Special Defense Acquisition Fund. 
The Committee supports the use of this fund to transfer 
precision guided munitions and related defense articles and 
services to reserve stocks for Israel and the transfer of such 
stocks as necessary for Israel's legitimate self-defense.
    Lebanon.--The Committee recommendation includes language in 
section 7041(e) of this Act requiring that certain conditions 
be met prior to the obligation of funds under this heading for 
assistance for Lebanon. The Committee intends that assistance 
provided to the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) will not be used 
against Israel, and such assistance will not affect Israel's 
qualitative military edge in the region. The Committee notes 
that section 7041(e) prohibits funds for the Lebanese Internal 
Security Forces or the LAF if either organization is controlled 
by a foreign terrorist organization and the Committee directs 
the Secretary of State to regularly consult with the Committee 
regarding the rigorous implementation of this provision and on 
the activities of the LAF and assistance provided by the United 
States. The Committees includes further language under Reports 
in this heading.
    Pacific Islands.--The Committee recommends funds for 
security assistance under title IV for the Pacific Islands, as 
described under Section 7043 of this report.

Reports

    Lebanon.--Not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, the Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit to 
the Committees on Appropriations an updated report, in 
classified form if necessary, on the performance of the LAF, 
including an assessment of the operational capabilities of such 
forces and how the training, curriculum, and equipment provided 
by the United States contributes to those capabilities.
    Vetting.--Not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the 
appropriate congressional committees on foreign assistance 
cases submitted for vetting for purposes of section 620M of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 during the preceding fiscal 
year, including: (i) the total number of cases submitted, 
approved, suspended, or rejected for human rights reasons; and 
(ii) for cases rejected, a description of the steps taken to 
assist the foreign government in taking effective measures to 
bring the responsible members of the security forces to 
justice, in accordance with section 620M(c) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961. The report shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may be accompanied by a classified 
annex.

                    TITLE V--MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $390,500,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................       390,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +390,500,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $390,500,000 for 
International Organizations and Programs (IO&P). The Committee 
directs that funds made available under this heading in this 
Act shall be allocated and allotted within 60 days after 
enactment of this Act.
    The Committee recommendation does not support the 
elimination of the International Organizations and Programs 
account, as proposed in the President's budget request. The 
Committee intends to use multilateral assistance as a resource 
multiplier to advance the shared goals of the United States 
government and international organizations.
    Such funds are allocated according to the following table 
and subject to the conditions under this heading and section 
7019 of this Act:

                INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Organizations/Programs                  Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
International Chemicals and Toxins Programs..........              3,175
International Civil Aviation Organization............              1,200
International Conservation Programs..................              7,000
International Development Law Organization...........                400
International Maritime Organization..................                325
Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund..................             32,000
OAS Development Assistance Programs..................              4,500
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy                    50
 and Armed Robbery Against Ships in Asia.............
UN Capital Development Fund..........................              1,100
UN Children's Fund...................................            139,000
    of which, Combating female genital mutilation                [5,000]
     programs........................................
UN Democracy Fund....................................              3,500
UN Development Program...............................             81,550
UN Environment Program...............................              7,000
UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change/UN                   10,000
 Framework Convention on Climate Change..............
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights................             14,500
    of which, Honduras...............................            [1,000]
    of which, Colombia...............................            [1,000]
    of which, Guatemala..............................            [1,000]
UN Human Settlements Program.........................                700
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian                     3,500
 Affairs.............................................
UN Office of the Special Coordinator on Improving the              1,500
 UN Response to Sexual Exploitation and Abuse........
UN Population Fund...................................             55,500
UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General                 1,750
 for Sexual Violence in Conflict.....................
UN Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women..........              1,500
UN Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the                 1,150
 Field of Human Rights...............................
UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture.............              8,000
UN Women.............................................             10,000
World Meteorological Organization....................              1,000
World Trade Organization Technical Assistance........                600
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Funds appropriated under this heading shall be made 
available for core contributions for each entity listed in the 
above table unless: (1) otherwise provided for in this Act or 
such table; or (2) the Secretary of State justifies the 
proposed uses of funds other than for core contributions in the 
congressional notification submitted for funds under this 
heading. The Secretary shall consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations prior to submitting any such notification.
    The Committee recommendation includes $23,000,000 to 
support the United Nations Resident Coordinator System under 
Economic Support Fund.
    The Committee recommends $9,500,000 for the Organization of 
American States (OAS). Under this heading, $4,500,000 is 
provided to OAS Development Assistance Programs for programs to 
strengthen democracy. Additionally, $5,000,000 is provided 
under Economic Support Fund for programs to promote and protect 
human rights, of which not less than $500,000 is for the Office 
of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression.
    The Committee encourages the United Nations and specialized 
United Nations agencies to engage with a wide variety of 
private enterprises in the spirit of dialogue and engagement.

                  International Financial Institutions

    Global Agriculture Food Security Program.--The Committee 
recommendation does not include an appropriation for a 
contribution to the Global Agriculture Food Security Program 
(GAFSP), which has remaining balances available from prior 
appropriations Acts for such contribution. The Secretary of the 
Treasury shall continue the 2012 pledge to provide to GAFSP one 
dollar for every two dollars in contributions from other 
donors, utilizing such prior year balances.

                      GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $139,575,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................       139,575,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................      +139,575,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $139,575,000 for the 
Global Environment Facility subject to the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations. Funds should 
remain available and be fully disbursed no later than September 
30, 2022. The Committee expects $136,563,000 shall be available 
only for the third installment of the seventh replenishment of 
Global Environment Facility (GEF).
    Review of strategy and implementation plan.--The Committee 
recommends the United States representative on the GEF Council 
to encourage the GEF to review its strategy and implementation 
plan, focusing on mitigating factors that undermine the self-
sufficiency of local populations, and strengthen communication 
of outcomes with relevant stakeholders.

Report

    Status of disbursement.--The Committee directs the 
Secretary of the Treasury to submit a report to the Committees 
on Appropriations on the status of appropriated funds to the 
GEF and provide a timeline for the obligation and disbursement 
of any funds that have yet to be obligated or disbursed. The 
report shall be provided on a quarterly basis until funds for 
the second and third installments of the seventh replenishment 
are completely disbursed.

     CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND 
                              DEVELOPMENT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $206,500,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       206,500,000
Committee recommendation..............................       206,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $206,500,000 for 
Contribution to the International Bank for Reconstruction and 
Development.

              LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS

    The Committee recommendation includes not to exceed 
$1,421,275,728.70 for Limitation on Callable Capital 
Subscriptions.

       CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................    $1,097,010,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................     1,001,400,000
Committee recommendation..............................     1,001,400,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       -95,610,000
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,001,400,000 for 
Contribution to the International Development Association.

               CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $47,395,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        47,395,000
Committee recommendation..............................        47,395,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $47,395,000 for 
Contribution to the Asian Development Fund.

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................                $0
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        54,648,752
Committee recommendation..............................        54,649,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +54,649,000
    Change from request...............................              +248
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $54,649,000 for 
Contribution to the African Development Bank.

              LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS

    The Committee recommendation includes not to exceed 
$856,174,624 for Limitation on Callable Capital Subscriptions.

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $171,300,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       171,300,000
Committee recommendation..............................       171,300,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $171,300,000 for 
Contribution to the African Development Fund.

  CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $30,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................        30,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +30,000,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $30,000,000 for 
Contribution to the International Fund for Agricultural 
Development. This is the third of three installments in support 
of the eleventh replenishment for the International Fund for 
Agricultural Development (IFAD).
    Twelfth replenishment.--The Committee commends IFAD on its 
work alleviating food insecurity in poor and fragile countries 
and remains committed to supporting the upcoming twelfth 
replenishment of IFAD.

          CONTRIBUTION TO THE NORTH AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................                $0
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................                 0
Committee recommendation..............................                 0
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    No funds were requested in the President's budget request, 
and none are provided in this Act for a Contribution to the 
North American Development Bank.
    The Committee notes the United States-Mexico-Canada 
Agreement Implementation Act (Public Law 116-113) included 
$215,000,000 for a Contribution to the North American 
Development Bank to provide financing for environmental 
infrastructure projects implemented on both sides of the U.S.-
Mexico border.

              LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS

    The Committee recommendation includes not to exceed 
$1,020,000,000 for Limitation on Callable Capital 
Subscriptions.

               TITLE VI--EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE


                Export-Import Bank of the United States


                           INSPECTOR GENERAL

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................        $5,700,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................         5,200,000
Committee recommendation..............................         5,700,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................          +500,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $5,700,000 for Office 
of Inspector General. The Committee directs the OIG to submit 
to the Committees on Appropriations its annual audit plan 
within the first quarter of fiscal year 2021.

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $110,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       100,946,000
Committee recommendation..............................       110,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................        +9,054,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $110,000,000 for 
Administrative Expenses and does not include funds for a 
subsidy appropriation. The Committee reinstitutes a provision 
providing administratively determined pay authority to the 
Export-Import Bank (EXIM) for the recruitment and retention of 
experts with hard-to-find expertise. The Committee expects that 
EXIM's current policy for administratively determined pay that 
Members of the Board of Directors and political appointees are 
ineligible to receive such pay continues and directs any 
changes to such policy be subject to prior consultation with 
the Committees on Appropriations.
    Public health emergency.--The President of EXIM shall 
consult with the Secretary of Health and Human Services to 
evaluate EXIM's support of businesses exporting critical 
products during a public health emergency.

Reports

    Distribution of engagement.--The Committee directs the 
President of EXIM to enhance its outreach and engagement to 
areas of the United States and its territories that have 
received disproportionately less engagement and financing 
support from EXIM, as well as to women- and minority-owned 
businesses. The Committee directs the President of EXIM to 
submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act, assessing the 
geographic distribution of EXIM's outreach, engagement, and 
export finance.
    Support for minority-owned businesses.--The Committee 
directs the President of EXIM to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations, not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act, on financing support provided to 
minority-owned business partners disaggregated by race and 
gender.

      United States International Development Finance Corporation


                           INSPECTOR GENERAL

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................        $2,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................         2,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................         2,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................                 0
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $2,000,000 for Office 
of Inspector General. The Committee directs the OIG to submit 
to the Committees on Appropriations its annual audit plan 
within the third quarter of fiscal year 2021.
    Assessment report.--The Committee directs the OIG to submit 
a report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than 
120 days after enactment of this Act, assessing the integration 
and efficiency of policies, procedures, and processes of the 
United States International Development Finance Corporation 
(DFC). Such report shall also include whether the DFC is 
maximizing its resources, such as equity and hybrid financing 
respectively, to further the purposes described under section 
1412 of the BUILD Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-254).

                       CORPORATE CAPITAL ACCOUNT

 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................      $299,000,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................       833,677,000
Committee recommendation..............................       311,000,000
    Change from enacted level.........................       +12,000,000
    Change from request...............................      -522,677,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $311,000,000 for the 
Corporate Capital Account for the DFC. Within that amount, 
$131,000,000 is provided for administrative expenses, which may 
also be available for other direct costs and project-specific 
transaction costs; $180,000,000 is available for Program budget 
which may be used for equity financing; credit subsidy and the 
program cost, including technical assistance projects, which 
shall be transferred to the Program Account.
    Administratively determined pay.--The Committee expects 
that the DFC will continue utilizing administratively 
determined pay for the recruitment and retention of experts 
with hard-to-find expertise and that Members of the Board of 
Directors and political appointees are ineligible to receive 
such pay.
    Budget request.--The Committee directs the Chief Executive 
Officer (CEO) of the DFC to include in the CBJ for fiscal year 
2022 a confidential annex that describes new loans, guarantees, 
insurance, feasibility studies and technical assistance grants, 
and equity agreements approved or anticipated in the prior 
year, current year, and budget year by: category, recipient, 
country; level of DFC resources provided; source year of 
financing used; and additional details including a description 
of the positive and negative subsidy assigned to the largest 
projects and the level of guarantee provided. The CEO of the 
DFC shall consult with the Committees on Appropriations on the 
format of the confidential annex.
    Contribution to Capital Security Cost Sharing program.--The 
Committee directs the CEO of the DFC to make a contribution to 
the Capital Security Cost Sharing program for any personnel 
under COM Authority in fiscal year 2021, consistent with the 
requirements of section 7004 of this Act and title 22 United 
States Code 4865 note.
    Guidelines and criteria for equity financing.--The 
Committee notes the submission on May 28, 2020 of the 
guidelines and criteria for equity financing required under 
this heading in the Department of State, Foreign Operations, 
and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2020. The Committee 
directs the CEO of the DFC to consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations on the application of such guidelines and 
criteria prior to entering into any obligation under equity 
authority. Further, the Committee directs the CEO of the DFC to 
consult with the appropriate congressional committees prior to 
any proposed changes to such guidelines and criteria.
    Prioritization for development impact.--The Committee 
directs the DFC to comply with section 1411 of the BUILD Act of 
2018 (Public Law 115-254) and prioritize projects with a 
significant potential for advancing United States development 
priorities, especially in lower- and lower-middle income 
countries.
    Publication of certification.--The Committee directs the 
CEO of the DFC to publish on the public website of the DFC each 
instance a certification is made to the appropriate 
congressional committees, not later than 45 days after such 
certification is made, with regard to a project authorized 
under the exception provided by section 2004(e) of H.R. 1865 
(Public Law 116-94), or under section 1412(c)(2) of the BUILD 
Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-254).
    Three Seas Initiative.--The Committee supports 
strengthening energy and infrastructure security through the 
Three Seas Initiative and expects the DFC to work in 
coordination with the Department of State and USAID to advance 
alternative sources of energy and conduct appropriate oversight 
of funds.

Reports

    Assessment on DFC Activities under the Defense Production 
Act.--The Committee directs the Government Accountability 
Office to submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, 
not later than September 30, 2021, on DFC activities conducted 
under sections 302 and 303 of the Defense Production Act of 
1950, as amended, pursuant to Executive Order 13922. Such 
report shall include whether such transactions are impacting 
the DFC in carrying out its core mission and purpose as 
described under the BUILD Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-254); how 
the DFC is allocating and coordinating resources to carry out 
its core mission in addition to implementing and overseeing 
activities pursuant to Executive Order 13922; whether the 
agency is charging costs, including oversight costs such as 
monitoring and evaluation, to process and implement such 
transactions to the appropriate accounts; and what impact DFC 
activities under Executive Order 13922 have made in responding 
to the COVID-19 pandemic.
    DFC transactions under the Defense Production Act.--The 
Committee recognizes the extraordinary circumstances that the 
DFC has faced during fiscal year 2020 and remains supportive of 
the BUILD Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-254). However, the 
Committee is deeply concerned about the ability of the DFC, in 
the nascent stages of its development, to simultaneously adjust 
to its new mandate and authorities and implement the 
requirements of Executive Order 13922.
    The Committee directs the CEO of the DFC to submit a report 
to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than 60 days 
after enactment of this Act, on the implementation of Executive 
Order 13922 that shall include the following: (1) a detailed 
summary of each transaction conducted under the authority of 
sections 302 and 303 of the Defense Production Act of 1950, as 
amended, including a description and justification of each 
transaction that includes the amount, type of assistance, and 
subsidy costs; (2) how the DFC ensures compliance of such 
transactions with the requirements of the Federal Credit Reform 
Act of 1990 (FCRA) and applicable sections of OMB Circular A-
11, including a justification for the use of FCRA in 
determining the budgetary costs of transactions authorized by 
Executive Order 13922; and (3) the DFC's administrative 
structures and policies for implementing and overseeing 
activities required by Executive Order 13922, including an 
organizational chart showing direct and indirect reporting 
relationships involved in the implementation of Executive Order 
13922 and a description of the cost allocation methodology that 
determines how staffing and other costs, including any costs 
for monitoring and evaluation, are attributed to the correct 
appropriations account.
    Equity agreements.--The Committee directs the CEO of the 
DFC to submit written reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act, and quarterly thereafter until September 30, 2021, for 
each equity agreement and hybrid financing agreement, which 
shall include the following: (1) a description of each 
agreement or project, including its development impact, and how 
such agreement meets the criteria established by the DFC for 
use of equity financing; (2) the amount of DFC-invested equity 
or hybrid financing and projected returns over the life of the 
investment; (3) details regarding investors and partners, 
income level of country, project sector, and deal structuring; 
and (4) the contribution and impact to local economic 
conditions and long-term development and foreign policy goals 
in the region.
    Investment funds.--The Committee directs the CEO of the DFC 
to provide written reports to the Committees on Appropriations 
on a semi-annual basis, including the following for each 
investment fund: (1) the identity, selection process, and 
professional background of current and past managers; (2) the 
fees and compensation currently provided to senior management; 
and (3) the amount of guarantees and actual investments made at 
the end of the previous six months.
    Investment in the Pacific Islands.--The Committee urges the 
DFC to prioritize investments in the Pacific Island countries, 
especially investments that support minority- and women-owned 
businesses and promote woman's economic empowerment. The 
Committee directs the CEO of the DFC to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations, not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act, on a strategy to increase DFC 
investments in the Pacific Islands. Such report shall include 
the challenges to increasing investment, measures to overcome 
such limitations, and the expected impact of such projects on 
regional development and economic growth.
    Status report.--The Committee directs the CEO of the DFC to 
submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act, providing an update 
on the continued operationalization of the DFC and the progress 
of newly established programs such as equity financing, hybrid 
financing, and technical assistance. Such report shall also 
include an update on monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and 
the new Impact Quotient (IQ) scoring system; coordination on 
development policy within the agency including between the 
Office of Development Policy and the Chief Development Officer 
and other entities as appropriate; and the maintenance of 
strong linkages with the Department of State and USAID 
including through the use of transferred funds.
    Support for minority-owned businesses.--The Committee 
directs the CEO of the DFC to submit a report to the Committees 
on Appropriations, not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this Act, on financing support provided to minority-owned 
business partners disaggregated by race and gender.
    Transparency and accountability.--The Committee directs the 
CEO of the DFC to submit a report, not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act, to the appropriate congressional 
committees on steps taken to comply with section 4(a)(2), and 
implement the guidelines described in section 3(b), of the 
Foreign Aid Transparency and Accountability Act of 2016 (Public 
Law 114-191).

                            PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The Committee recommendation includes a limitation of 
$80,000,000 on amounts paid to, or transferred into, this 
account for the cost of direct and guaranteed loans.

                      Trade and Development Agency


 
 
 
Fiscal Year 2020 enacted level........................       $79,500,000
Fiscal Year 2021 request..............................        12,105,000
Committee recommendation..............................        79,500,000
    Change from enacted level.........................                 0
    Change from request...............................       +67,395,000
 

    The Committee recommendation includes $79,500,000 for Trade 
and Development Agency. The Committee recommendation does not 
assume the closure of operations for the United States Trade 
and Development Agency (USTDA), as proposed by the fiscal year 
2021 request.
    Grant effectiveness.--The Committee directs the Director of 
USTDA to ensure that evidence of effectiveness is a requirement 
for all competitive and non-competitive grant awards.

Report

    Support for minority-owned businesses.--The Committee 
directs the Director of USTDA to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations, not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act, on technical assistance and other 
support provided to minority-owned business partners 
disaggregated by race and gender.

                     TITLE VII--GENERAL PROVISIONS

    The Committee recommends the following new, revised and 
retained provisions:
    Section 7001 (Allowances and Differentials) includes 
language carried in the prior year regarding allowances and 
differentials.
    Section 7002 (Unobligated Balances Report) includes 
language carried in the prior year requiring agencies to 
provide quarterly reports on the cumulative balances of any 
unobligated funds.
    Section 7003 (Consulting Services) includes language 
carried in the prior year requiring that consulting service 
contracts shall be a matter of public record.
    Section 7004 (Diplomatic Facilities) includes language 
modified from the prior year with respect to the construction 
and use of diplomatic facilities, setting limitations, 
expanding notification and oversight requirements, and placing 
conditions and restrictions on certain funds. Further direction 
concerning notification and oversight of diplomatic facilities 
is included under Embassy Security, Construction, and 
Maintenance.
    The Secretary of State is directed to promptly inform the 
Committees on Appropriations of each instance in which a 
Federal department or agency is delinquent in providing the 
full amount of funding required by section 604(e) of the Secure 
Embassy Construction and Counterterrorism Act of 1999.
    During fiscal year 2021, the Secretary of State shall 
continue to submit to the Committees on Appropriations the 
reports in the manner required by section 7004(h) of the 
Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 2019 (division F of Public Law 116-96), 
except that the submission timeframe for such reports shall be 
biannually.
    Section 7005 (Personnel Actions) includes language carried 
in the prior year regarding certain personnel actions and the 
authority to transfer funds between appropriations accounts.
    Section 7006 (Prohibition on Publicity or Propaganda) 
includes language carried in the prior year prohibiting the use 
of funds in this Act for publicity or propaganda purposes 
within the United States not otherwise authorized by law.
    Section 7007 (Prohibition Against Direct Funding for 
Certain Countries) includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for the governments of Cuba, North 
Korea, Iran, and Syria.
    Section 7008 (Coups d'Etat) includes language modified from 
the prior year prohibiting assistance for countries whose duly 
elected head of government is deposed by military coup or 
decree, or a coup or decree in which the military plays a 
decisive role; requiring a determination; and providing a 
waiver under certain conditions.
    Section 7009 (Transfer of Funds Authority) includes 
language modified from the prior year setting limitations and 
conditions on transfers between appropriations accounts and 
requiring audits of certain transfers.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State and the USAID 
Administrator to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than October 31, 2021, detailing all 
of the transfers to another United States government agency 
made pursuant to sections 632(a) and 632(b) of the FAA 
including a listing of each transfer with the funding level, 
appropriations account, and receiving agency. This requirement 
shall not apply to agreements entered into between USAID and 
the Department of State.
    Section 7010 (Prohibition and Limitation on Certain 
Expenses) includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting first-class travel, setting certain limitations on 
computer networks, the promotion of tobacco, and representation 
and entertainment expenses.
    Section 7011 (Availability of Funds) includes language 
modified from the prior year regarding the availability of 
funds appropriated by this Act.
    Section 7012 (Limitation on Assistance to Countries in 
Default) includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for countries in default and allowing 
exceptions in certain circumstances.
    Section 7013 (Prohibition on Taxation of United States 
Assistance) includes language modified from the prior year 
withholding assistance to a country where such assistance is 
subject to taxation, unless the Secretary of State makes 
certain determinations, and updating a reporting requirement.
    The Committee notes the reports required by subsection (b) 
of the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related 
Programs Appropriations Acts for fiscal years 2018, 2019, and 
2020 have not been submitted and directs the Secretary of State 
to submit the report expeditiously.
    Section 7014 (Reservations of Funds) includes language 
carried in the prior year regarding the reservation of funds 
and the designation of certain funding levels.
    Section 7015 (Notification Requirements) includes language 
modified from the prior year establishing the notification 
requirements for funds made available by this Act.
    Subsection (c) requires that notifications submitted 
pursuant to this section shall include information (if known on 
the date of transmittal of such notification) on the use of any 
notwithstanding authority. Additionally, if subsequent to a 
notification of assistance it becomes necessary to rely on 
notwithstanding authority, the Committees on Appropriations 
should be informed at the earliest opportunity and to the 
extent practicable.
    Subsection (e) has been modified from prior years. The 
Committee was forced to include a more limited provision due to 
the excessive abuse of the human health and welfare waiver by 
this Administration. The Committee notes that this provision 
has been included in law, either as a proviso or a subsection, 
unchanged since fiscal year 1992, and used judiciously by four 
previous Administrations.
    Notifications submitted in accordance with subsection (g) 
shall include the following information: (1) the office or 
bureau at the Department of the Treasury, USAID, or the 
Department of State that will oversee programs and expenditures 
of the trust fund; (2) the website link to publicly available 
expenditures of the trust fund; (3) a copy of the 
administrative agreement between the international financial 
institution and the United States; and (4) whether direct 
government assistance will be provided by the trust fund and 
specific risk mitigation and anti-corruption steps are being 
taken by the trust fund.
    Section 7016 (Document Requests, Records Management, and 
Related Cybersecurity Protections) includes language carried in 
the prior year concerning public posting of reports and 
documents, records management, and related cybersecurity 
protections.
    Section 7017 (Use of Funds in Contravention of this Act) 
includes language carried in the prior year prohibiting funds 
for programs in contravention of this Act.
    Section 7018 (Debt-for-Development) includes language 
carried in the prior year regarding debt-for-development and 
debt-for-nature exchanges.
    Section 7019 (Allocations and Reports) includes language 
modified from the prior year regarding compliance with: (1) 
funding directives in certain tables in the accompanying 
report; and (2) reporting directives in such report.
    Section 7020 (Multi-Year Pledges) includes language 
modified from the prior year prohibiting the use of funds in 
this Act to make a multi-year pledge unless such pledge meets 
the requirements of section 7066 of the Department of State, 
Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
2019 (division F of Public Law 116-6).
    Section 7021 (Prohibition on Assistance to Governments 
Supporting International Terrorism) includes language carried 
in the prior year prohibiting assistance for governments that 
support international terrorism.
    Section 7022 (Authorization Requirements) includes language 
carried in the prior year regarding authorization requirements.
    Section 7023 (Definition of Program, Project, and Activity) 
includes language carried in the prior year defining the terms 
``program, project, and activity''.
    Section 7024 (Authorities for the Peace Corps, Inter-
American Foundation, and United States African Development 
Foundation) includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding certain authorities for the Peace Corps, IAF, and the 
USADF.
    Section 7025 (Commerce, Trade and Surplus Commodities) 
includes language carried in the prior year relating to 
commerce, trade, and surplus commodities. The Committee directs 
the USAID Administrator to ensure that assistance provided to 
develop foreign agriculture sectors does not adversely affect 
American small businesses.
    Section 7026 (Separate Accounts) includes language carried 
in the prior year regarding the requirement that separate 
accounts be established for cash transfers and assistance that 
generates local currencies and establishing certain conditions 
on the use of those funds.
    Section 7027 (Eligibility for Assistance) includes language 
carried in the prior year regarding assistance through 
nongovernmental organizations and assistance provided under the 
Food for Peace Act.
    Section 7028 (Local Competition) includes language carried 
in the prior year conditioning funds provided to local 
organizations through limited competitions.

Report

    Limited competition.--Not later than 45 days after the end 
of fiscal year 2021, the USAID Administrator shall report to 
the appropriate congressional committees on all awards in 
excess of $3,000,000 and sole source awards in excess of 
$2,000,000 subject to limited or no competition for local 
entities.
    Section 7029 (International Financial Institutions) 
includes language modified from the prior year regarding: 
evaluations; social and environment safeguards; the 
compensation level of the United States executive director to 
each international financial institution (IFI); human rights 
promotion; fraud and corruption; beneficial ownership; and 
whistleblower protections.
    Pursuant to subsection (d), the Committee directs the 
Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the United States 
executive director of each IFI to promote human rights in 
accordance with the following criteria by determining whether: 
(1) the IFI has an explicit policy commitment to respect human 
rights; (2) the IFI conducts assessments of how proposed loans, 
grants, policies, or strategies may impact human rights; (3) 
the IFI's due diligence process is informed by information and 
recommendations from the United Nations, regional human rights 
entities, or other human rights organizations, as appropriate; 
(4) the IFI has a specific policy and procedures for consulting 
local communities and other stakeholders as part of the due 
diligence process; (5) the IFI requires free, prior, and 
informed consent for loans, grants, policies, or strategies 
affecting indigenous peoples; (6) the IFI has a specific policy 
and procedures for responding to intimidation and reprisals 
against people adversely affected by IFI loans, grants, 
policies, or strategies; and (7) the IFI has accessible, 
efficient, and effective accountability and grievance 
mechanisms in place at the national and project levels.
    Pursuant to subsection (g), the Committee directs the 
Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the United States 
executive director of each IFI to use the voice of the United 
States to encourage each such institution to effectively 
implement and enforce policies and procedures for the 
protection of whistleblowers from retaliation, including best 
practices for: (1) protection against retaliation for internal 
and lawful public disclosure; (2) legal burdens of proof; (3) 
statutes of limitation for reporting retaliation; (4) access to 
binding independent adjudicative bodies, including shared cost 
and selection external arbitration; and (5) results that 
eliminate the effects of proven retaliation, including 
provision for the restoration of prior employment.

Reports

    Evaluations.--Pursuant to subsection (a), the Committee 
directs the Secretary of the Treasury to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations, not later than 45 days after 
enactment of this Act, on steps taken in fiscal year 2020 by 
the United States executive directors and the international 
financial institutions consistent with subsection (a) compared 
to the previous fiscal year.
    Beneficial ownership information.--Pursuant to subsection 
(f), the Committee directs the Secretary of the Treasury to 
submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act, on steps taken in 
fiscal year 2020 by the United States executive directors and 
the international financial institutions consistent with 
subsection (f) compared to the previous fiscal year. Such 
report should also include an assessment of the pilot program 
conducted by the World Bank on beneficial ownership to be 
completed at the end of the World Bank's fiscal year 2020.
    Section 7030 (Rescissions) includes language modified from 
the prior year rescinding $75,000,000 in unobligated balances 
from prior year appropriations, of which $45,000,000 is from 
Economic Support Fund and $30,000,000 is from International 
Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement. No funds may be 
rescinded from amounts previously designated as an emergency 
requirement or for Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War 
on Terrorism.
    Section 7031 (Financial Management and Budget Transparency) 
includes language modified from the prior year regarding 
management of direct assistance to governments, budget 
transparency of recipient countries, corruption and human 
rights violations, and the foreign assistance website.
    For the purposes of this section, the term ``direct 
government-to-government assistance''' shall include cash 
transfers, non-project sector assistance, and other forms of 
assistance where funds appropriated by this Act are provided 
directly to the recipient government.
    The Committee directs that any planned government-to-
government assistance should be included with the fiscal year 
2022 CBJ and should include the proposed funding amount, source 
of funds, and type of assistance.
    For the purposes of subsection (b), ``minimum requirements 
of fiscal transparency'' shall mean the public disclosure of a 
country's national budget, including income and expenditures by 
ministry, and government contracts and licenses for natural 
resource extraction, including bidding and concession 
allocation practices. The report required by this subsection 
should identify steps taken by a government to disclose 
additional budget documentation, contracts, and licenses, which 
are additional to information disclosed in the previous year, 
as well as recommendations of short- and long-term steps such 
government should take to improve fiscal transparency. The 
report should also include a description of how funds 
appropriated by this Act, including those provided pursuant to 
subsection (b)(3), are being used to improve fiscal 
transparency and identify benchmarks for measuring progress.
    The report required by subsection (c)(4) shall be put in 
unclassified form on the State Department website.
    Pursuant to subsection (d)(2), the United States may 
support such assistance if the recipient government has adopted 
laws, regulations, or procedures that: (1) accurately account 
for and publicly disclose payments to the government by 
companies involved in the extraction and export of natural 
resources; (2) include independent auditing of accounts 
receiving such payments and the public disclosure of such 
audits; and (3) require public disclosure of agreement and 
bidding documents, as appropriate.

Report

    Government-to-government report.--Not later than 45 days 
after enactment of this Act, the USAID Administrator shall 
submit to the Committees on Appropriations a report that 
details all assistance provided through government-to-
government mechanisms by country, funding source and amount, 
and type of procurement instrument, including whether the 
assistance was provided on a reimbursable basis.
    Section 7032 (Democracy Programs) contains language 
modified from the prior year regarding democracy programs 
funded in this Act. The Committee recommendation includes not 
less than $2,400,500,000 in assistance for democracy programs.
    The Committee directs the Director of the Office of Foreign 
Assistance and the relevant Bureaus at the Department of State 
to consult with the Committees on Appropriations on funding 
attributed to meet the requirements of this section, including 
with respect to the definition provided in subsection (c).
    For the purposes of subsection (d), ``demonstration of a 
commitment to democracy and the rule of law'' should be 
determined by the Secretary of State or the USAID 
Administrator.
    Nothing in subsection (f) shall be construed to affect the 
ability of any entity, including United States small 
businesses, from competing for proposals from USAID-funded 
civil society programs.
    Subsection (h) directs that $20,000,000 be made available 
to support and protect civil society activists and journalists 
who have been threatened, harassed, or attacked. The Committee 
expects the Secretary of State and USAID Administrator to 
continue to prioritize programs that protect journalists and 
advance press freedom.
    The Committee supports continued investments in programs 
that enhance the technical capacity of countries to prepare for 
and manage elections, train political parties, educate voters, 
and enhance transparency and accountability.
    The Committee continues support for programs by the 
Department of State and USAID that promote freedom of 
expression through independent media and internet freedom.
    The Committee continues support for programs by the 
Department of State and USAID that promote the rule of law. 
Priority for assistance should be given to countries 
transitioning to democracy, regressing from democratic values, 
and countering violent extremism as well as fragile states.
    The Committee urges the Department of State to consider 
allocating more funding for civil society and investigative 
journalism programs to combat corruption, including through the 
Global Anti-Corruption Consortium.
    The Committee supports continued assistance for democracy 
and governance programs and activities to support emerging 
democracies throughout the Indo-Pacific region.
    With respect to the provision of assistance made available 
in this Act for democracy programs, the Secretary of State and 
USAID Administrator should prioritize using organizations with 
significant experience implementing such programs and that 
demonstrate successful outcomes.
    The Committee supports the Bureau of Democracy, Human 
Rights, and Labor and encourages the Department of State to 
continue prior year funding levels.

Reports

    Legislative strengthening.--The Committee supports efforts 
to engage parliamentarians and parliamentary organizations in 
support of democratic norms and values. The Committee directs, 
not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Department of State and USAID, in consultation with the 
National Endowment for Democracy, to consult with, and report 
to, the Committees on Appropriations on expanding such efforts. 
The Committee continues to direct the USAID Administrator to 
coordinate and support legislative strengthening programs in 
countries where the House Democracy Partnership is actively 
engaged.
    Prior approval.--Pursuant to subsection (e), the Committee 
continues language that organizations receiving assistance for 
democracy programs shall not be subject to prior approval by 
the government of any foreign country and directs the Secretary 
of State, in coordination with the USAID Administrator, to 
submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act, detailing steps taken 
by the Department of State and USAID to comply with this 
requirement.
    Section 7033 (International Religious Freedom) includes 
language modified from the prior year regarding international 
religious freedom.
    Subsection (a) designates funds under Diplomatic Programs 
to be made available for the Office of International Religious 
Freedom, and funds for the Office of International Religious 
Freedom shall be made available for the continued development 
and implementation of an international religious freedom 
curriculum in accordance with section 708 of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980.
    Funds designated for the Prevention and Stabilization Fund 
shall also be made available for international religious 
freedom programs to support transitional justice, 
reconciliation, and reintegration programs for vulnerable and 
persecuted religious minorities.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding for programs 
that protect vulnerable and persecuted minorities, including to 
investigate the persecution of such minorities by governments 
and non-state actors, and for the public dissemination of 
information collected on such persecution, including on the 
Department of State website.
    The Committee remains concerned for ethnic and religious 
minorities, including Christians, Yezidis, Rohingya, and other 
groups across the globe that have been victims of mass 
atrocities, ethnic cleansing, and genocide. The Committee 
recognizes the benefits of existing psychosocial support 
programs coordinated by the Department of State and USAID for 
these groups and individuals and supports the expansion of 
these programs. Furthermore, the Committee encourages the 
prioritization of psychosocial support programs to benefit 
religious and ethnic minorities affected by ISIS, including 
trauma therapy and care for children and survivors of sexual 
slavery, as well as other highly vulnerable populations 
worldwide.
    Section 7034 (Special Provisions) includes language 
modified from the prior year granting certain special 
authorities and limitations relating to funds made available by 
this Act.
    Subsection (c) makes funds available for the prevention of 
atrocities. The Committee notes that the Under Secretary for 
Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights remains vacant. 
This position should be filled expeditiously, and the 
individual serving in an acting capacity shall be responsible 
for the strategic policy direction and policy oversight of 
atrocity prevention funds until such time. These funds are 
subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations.
    Subsection (e)(1) directs that funds appropriated under 
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia shall be made 
available to carry out the Program for Research and Training on 
Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet 
Union as authorized by the Soviet-Eastern European Research and 
Training Act of 1983 (22 U.S.C. 4501 et seq.). The Committee 
recommendation includes not less than $3,000,000 for such 
program.
    Subsection (e)(3) extends the availability of certain 
funds, up to $50,000,000, for an additional year if they are 
being used for private sector partnerships; following 
consultation with the Committees on Appropriations.
    For the purposes of subsection (f), partner vetting shall 
mean the required submission of personal identifiable 
information prior to the conduct of a program. The Committee 
urges the Secretary of State and USAID Administrator to ensure 
that adequate staffing and resources are made available to 
conduct partner and beneficiary vetting in a timely fashion.
    Subsection (l)(5) continues prior year language commonly 
known as ``the Lautenberg Amendment''. The Committee notes that 
this provision is needed to preserve a safe and reliable 
mechanism for eligible persecuted religious minorities to seek 
freedom and safety in the United States. The Committee includes 
further language concerning the Lautenberg program in this 
section under Report.
    Subsection (l)(11) provides for a 1-year extension of the 
Afghan Special Immigrant Visa (SIV) program and for an 
additional 4,000 SIVs. The Committee reaffirms its commitment 
to Iraqi and Afghan partners and notes its continuing concern 
that SIV applicants face extended delays in visa processing, 
especially in security vetting. The Committee also notes that 
federal law requires that all government-controlled steps in 
the SIV process should be completed within nine months of the 
applicant submitting an initial application.
    Subsection (o) makes funds available for the Local Works 
program. The Committee directs USAID to consider funding to 
marginalized groups, such as youth-led organizations, in such 
program.

Report

    Lautenberg amendment.--Not later than 60 days after 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to 
the Committees on Appropriations a report on the Lautenberg 
amendment program for fiscal years 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020. 
The report shall include data by fiscal year on Lautenberg 
program applicants, including the number in process, the number 
awaiting security review, the number approved and awaiting 
admission, and the number admitted to the United States. The 
report shall also include a description of program policy 
changes by fiscal year.
    Section 7035 (Law Enforcement and Security) includes 
language modified from the prior year related to assistance, 
authorities, limitations, and notifications regarding law 
enforcement and security matters.
    Subsection (c)(3) withholds $25,000,000 until the Defense 
Security Cooperation Agency, jointly with the Department of 
State, submits to the Committees on Appropriations the budget 
justification for Foreign Military Financing Program for fiscal 
years 2021 and 2022, including the accompanying classified 
appendices.

Report

    Military bases.--The Secretary of State is directed to 
submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act, on countries that 
host a Russian or Chinese military base. Such report may be 
submitted in a classified manner if necessary.
    Section 7036 (Arab League Boycott of Israel) continues 
language carried in the prior year related to the Arab League 
Boycott of Israel.
    The Committee is concerned about international efforts to 
stigmatize and isolate Israel through the boycott, divestment, 
and sanctions (BDS) movement. The Committee directs, as part of 
the annual report to Congress on the Arab League Boycott of 
Israel, that the President add information about the BDS 
campaign, covering companies, international organizations, 
countries, and other organizations, including state investment 
vehicles, that are involved in promoting the movement, as well 
as specific steps the Department of State has taken and expects 
to take to discourage or end politically-motivated efforts to 
boycott, divest from, or sanction Israel or Israeli entities. 
The Committee further directs the Secretary of State and USAID 
Administrator to strengthen policies and procedures to ensure 
organizations supported through funding are not participants in 
such efforts.
    Section 7037 (Palestinian Statehood) includes language 
carried in the prior year establishing limitations on the use 
of funds in support of a Palestinian state.
    Section 7038 (Prohibition on Assistance to the Palestinian 
Broadcasting Corporation) includes language carried in the 
prior year restricting assistance to the Palestinian 
Broadcasting Corporation.
    Section 7039 (Assistance for the West Bank and Gaza) 
includes language carried in the prior year placing conditions 
on assistance for the West Bank and Gaza.
    Section 7040 (Limitation on Assistance for the Palestinian 
Authority) includes language carried in the prior year placing 
limitations on any assistance for the Palestinian Authority and 
regarding Hamas.
    Section 7041 (Middle East and North Africa) includes 
language modified from the prior year regarding policies and 
countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
    Egypt.--Subsection (a) is modified from the prior year. 
Funds for Egypt are allocated according to the following table 
and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                                  EGYPT
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................            125,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..              2,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                     3,000
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              1,800
Foreign Military Financing Program...................          1,300,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................          1,431,800
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee notes the United States and Egypt share a 
mutual interest in Middle East peace and stability, economic 
opportunity, and regional security. Since the Camp David 
Accords, United States assistance to Egypt has played a central 
role in the country's economic and military development. The 
Committee recognizes the enduring Egyptian-Israeli peace 
agreement as well as Egypt's ongoing efforts to combat 
terrorism and counter Iran's malign influence in the region. 
Promoting a stable, democratic, and prosperous Egypt, where the 
government empowers civil society and protects human rights, 
should continue to be a core objective of United States policy.
    Withholding.--The Secretary of State shall withhold 20 
percent of the funds provided for Egypt under Foreign Military 
Financing Program until the Secretary certifies and reports to 
the Committees on Appropriations that the Government of Egypt 
is meeting the governance and human rights conditions described 
under Reports in this section. A national security waiver is 
included in this Act. However, five percent of such withheld 
funds is excluded from the waiver and shall only be made 
available for obligation if the Secretary of State determines 
and reports to the Committees on Appropriations that the 
Government of Egypt has provided fair and commensurate 
compensation to American citizen, April Corley, for severe 
injuries sustained during an attack on her tour group by 
Egyptian armed forces on September 13, 2015. In addition, the 
Committee notes that the funds subject to the five percent 
withholding shall not be transferred to the interest-bearing 
account until a final settlement has been reached.
    Pursuant to subsection (a)(2), up to $40,000,000 of the 
funds made available for assistance for Egypt should be made 
available for higher education programs, including $15,000,000 
for scholarships for Egyptian students with high financial need 
to attend not-for-profit institutions of higher education in 
Egypt. Such institutions must meet standards equivalent to 
those required for United States institutional accreditation by 
a regional accrediting agency recognized by the United States 
Department of Education. Not later than 45 days after enactment 
of this Act, the USAID Administrator shall consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on implementation of funds made 
available for scholarships in Egypt.
    Funds made available for assistance for Egypt shall be 
subject to prior consultation and the regular notification 
procedures of the Committees on Appropriations. Such funds 
should be made available for democracy programs and for 
development programs in the Sinai. Funds shall not be made 
available for cash transfer assistance or budget support unless 
the Secretary of State certifies and reports that Egypt is 
meeting the conditions of section 7041(a)(2).
    The Committee encourages the USAID Administrator to 
implement programs that assist orphans and vulnerable children 
in Egypt, including children from religiously diverse 
populations.
    The Secretary of State shall take all practicable steps to 
ensure that mechanisms are in place for monitoring, oversight, 
and control of funds made available by this subsection for 
assistance for Egypt.
    The Committee encourages the Department of State to 
prioritize the security of energy infrastructure in the Sinai, 
including increasing economic development programs, 
particularly for Bedouin communities.
    Iran.--Subsection (b) continues language from the prior 
year. Pursuant to paragraph (1), funds appropriated under 
Diplomatic Programs, Economic Support Fund, and 
Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining and Related Programs 
shall be made available for the following: (1) to support the 
United States policy to prevent Iran from achieving the 
capability to produce or otherwise obtain a nuclear weapon; (2) 
to support an expeditious response to any violation of United 
Nations Security Council Resolutions or to efforts that advance 
Iran's nuclear program; (3) to support the implementation, 
enforcement, and renewal of sanctions against Iran for its 
support of nuclear weapons development, terrorism, human rights 
abuses, and ballistic missile and weapons proliferation; and 
(4) for democracy programs for Iran, to be administered by the 
Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern Affairs, Department of 
State, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary for 
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Department of State.
    Iraq.--Subsection (c) continues language similar to the 
prior year. Pursuant to paragraph (1), funds shall be made 
available for bilateral economic assistance and international 
security assistance, including in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq 
(KRI), and for programs to protect and assist religious and 
ethnic minority populations in Iraq. In carrying out such 
purposes, the Secretary of State shall work with the Government 
of Iraq to ensure security forces reflect the ethno-sectarian 
makeup of the areas in which they operate by integrating local 
populations into such forces.
    Funds made available under International Disaster 
Assistance and Migration and Refugee Assistance should be made 
available to support programs that address the needs of 
internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees throughout all 
regions of Iraq, including in the KRI, as well as their host 
communities. Additionally, funds under Economic Support Fund 
should continue to support programs that mitigate the impact of 
such IDPs and refugees in such region.
    Within the amount provided for assistance, the 
recommendation includes funds to support American-style higher 
education institutions in Iraq, including in the Kurdistan 
region, on an open and competitive basis. The Secretary of 
State or USAID Administrator, as appropriate, shall include 
funds to be allocated for this purpose in the spend plan 
submitted pursuant to section 7061(b) of this Act.
    The Committee remains concerned about the lack of security 
and the safe return of displaced Iraqi ethnic and religious 
minorities, including Christians, Yezidis, and other groups who 
have been victimized by genocide, to their ancestral homelands 
in the Nineveh Plain, Tel Afar, and Sinjar areas of Iraq. 
Support for such individuals and communities should, to the 
maximum extent practicable, take into account the unique needs 
and security requirements necessary for safe repatriation. The 
Committee includes stabilization and recovery assistance to 
support the safe return of displaced religious and ethnic 
minorities to their communities in Iraq.
    The Committee recommends that USAID continue funding for 
stabilization and long-term economic viability of northern 
Iraq. Contracts should preference local entities as 
appropriate. The Committee supports efforts to increase parity 
in assistance for Nineveh and Sinjar.
    The Committee urges the inter-agency working group 
dedicated to religious and ethnic minorities in Iraq to 
redouble their efforts to ensure that such populations can stay 
in, or return to, their homeland. The Committee notes that 
security remains the primary barrier to such efforts and 
directs the Secretary of State to continue working with the 
Government of Iraq and the Kurdish Regional Government to 
develop a plan for the survivability of all religious 
minorities in consultation with civil society partners and 
affected communities in both Iraq and the KRI.
    The Committee notes the psychosocial barriers resulting 
from the trauma of years of war and conflict on Iraqi 
communities hinder reconciliation efforts in many regions. The 
Committee supports efforts by USAID, in partnership with vetted 
local nationals, to foster communications and on-the-ground 
activities designed to create the social safety and cohesion 
necessary for communities to reject violent extremism and 
overcome trauma.
    The Committee encourages the Department of State to work 
with the relevant Federal agency partners to expedite the 
processing of the backlog of Iraqi Special Immigrant Visa (SIV) 
applications as well as those of their family members. The 
Committee notes the critical role of the SIV program in 
assisting the United States mission in Iraq. The Committee 
encourages the State Department to expand the days and hours of 
operation for consular services in Erbil, as appropriate, to 
better accommodate the demand for services.
    The Committee urges the State Department to encourage the 
relevant Iraqi authorities to explore options for improving the 
transportation infrastructure in northern Iraq, including 
examining the feasibility of re-opening the international 
airport in Mosul, Iraq.
    Jordan.--Subsection (d) includes language similar to the 
prior year designating funding levels for Jordan. The Committee 
recommendation includes not less than $1,525,000,000 for 
assistance for Jordan. Funds for Jordan are allocated according 
to the following table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                                 JORDAN
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................            997,400
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                    13,600
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              4,000
Foreign Military Financing Program...................            425,000
Development Assistance...............................             85,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................          1,525,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee notes the importance of the relationship with 
the Kingdom of Jordan and the strong leadership that Jordan 
continues to play in advancing peace and stability in the 
region. The Department of State should continue to support 
critical economic aid and to provide the assistance needed to 
ensure Jordan's ongoing stability, including to strengthen 
Jordan's borders with Iraq and Syria and to help mitigate the 
impact of hosting large numbers of refugees.
    Lebanon.--Subsection (e) continues similar language to the 
prior year.
    The Committee supports assistance for Lebanon at levels 
consistent with the prior fiscal year, given the rising 
economic challenges facing Lebanon and much of the region as 
well as ongoing conflict and instability.
    Funds made available under Foreign Military Financing 
Program for assistance for Lebanon may only be made available 
to professionalize the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) and to 
strengthen border security and combat terrorism, including 
training and equipping the LAF to secure Lebanon's borders, 
interdicting arms shipments, preventing the use of Lebanon as a 
safe haven for terrorist groups, and to implement United 
Nations Security Council Resolution 1701. The LAF has been a 
necessary partner in combating the influence of Hezbollah and 
other terrorist groups.
    Libya.--Subsection (f) includes similar language from the 
prior year regarding monitoring, oversight, and control of any 
assistance.
    Morocco.--Subsection (g) includes similar language from the 
prior year. The Committee recognizes the longstanding 
partnership between the United States and the Kingdom of 
Morocco based on mutual interests of stability, tolerance and 
economic prosperity in the Middle East and Africa. The 
Committee encourages the Secretary of State to strengthen this 
partnership to defeat terrorism and violent extremist groups, 
namely in the Sahel region, as well as to counter Iran's malign 
influence in the region.
    Saudi Arabia.--Subsection (h) includes language carried in 
the prior year prohibiting the Government of Saudi Arabia from 
receiving funds under International Military Education and 
Training.
    The Committee urges the Secretary of State to consider 
barring from entry into the United States, pursuant to section 
7031(c) of this Act, the individuals listed in the assessment 
by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) 
who carried out, participated in, or were otherwise responsible 
for the murder of Jamal Khashoggi at the Consulate of the 
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Istanbul, Turkey on October 2, 2018.
    Syria.--Pursuant to subsection (i)(1), funds appropriated 
or otherwise made available by this Act may be made available 
for non-lethal stabilization assistance for Syria, including 
emergency medical and rescue response and chemical weapons use 
investigations.
    Subsection (i)(2) prohibits the use of any assistance for 
Syria: (1) to support or otherwise legitimize the government of 
Iran, foreign terrorist organizations, or a proxy of Iran in 
Syria; and (2) to further the strategic objectives of the 
Government of the Russian Federation that threaten or undermine 
United States national security interest. In addition, pursuant 
to subsection (i)(2)(C), such funds should not be used in areas 
controlled by the Assad government.
    In consultation with the appropriate congressional 
committees, the Secretary of State and USAID Administrator may 
exempt the following activities from the limitation of 
subsection (i)(2)(C): (1) projects administered by local 
organizations that reflect the aims, needs, and priorities of 
local communities in Syria; and (2) projects that meet basic 
human needs in Syria, including drought relief; assistance to 
refugees, internally displaced persons, and conflict victims; 
the distribution of food and medicine; and the provision of 
health services.
    The Committee directs that funds shall be made available 
for assistance to organizations in Syria, only on an open and 
competitive basis, to continue to strengthen the capability of 
Syrian civil society organizations to address the immediate and 
long-term needs of the Syrian people in a manner that supports 
the sustainability of such organizations in implementing 
Syrian-led humanitarian and development programs. Such funds 
shall be administered by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, 
and Labor of the Department of State.
    The Committee remains concerned about the lengthy 
displacement of Syrians and the ongoing burden they face, as 
well as the continued strain Syrian refugees are placing on 
host communities in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq, among 
other countries. The Committee urges the Department of State to 
continue to: (1) assist host countries to expand their national 
systems to accommodate refugee needs; (2) increase host country 
capacity to deliver basic services to their own citizens; (3) 
strengthen the ability of local government institutions to 
respond to the refugee influx; (4) employ policies and programs 
to close gaps in distribution of need-based aid to at-risk 
minority populations; (5) ensure that refugees have freedom of 
movement, ability to pursue legal status in host countries, 
meaningful access to economic opportunity and essential 
services, and access to asylum and resettlement; and (6) 
support returns only if they are safe, dignified, and 
voluntary, consistent with the principle of non-refoulement.
    Tunisia.--Subsection (j) includes language carried in the 
prior year related to funding levels for Tunisia. Funds for 
Tunisia are allocated according to the following table and 
subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                                 TUNISIA
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Development Assistance...............................             40,000
Economic Support Fund................................             45,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..             13,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                     6,100
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              2,300
Foreign Military Financing Program...................             85,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total............................................            191,400
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee notes that a stable and viable democratic 
Tunisia is critical to regional security. The Committee 
supports the government of Tunisia's efforts to continue 
improving the security situation in the country, democratic 
governance, and economic reform.
    West Bank and Gaza.--Subsection (k) includes similar 
language carried in the prior year regarding assistance for the 
West Bank and Gaza.
    The Committee recommendation includes $225,000,000 under 
Economic Support Fund from this and prior Acts for humanitarian 
and development programs in the West Bank and Gaza that help 
address the needs of the Palestinian people, which may include 
support for UNRWA. Such funds are subject to the conditions on 
assistance of this Act and of section 1004(a) of the Taylor 
Force Act (title X of division S of Public Law 115-141). In 
accordance with the exceptions in the Taylor Force Act, the 
Committee directs that assistance be made available for the 
East Jerusalem Hospital Network, for wastewater projects, and 
for any other program, project, or activity that provides 
vaccination to children.
    Pursuant to subsection (k)(4), the Committee recommendation 
includes up to $50,000,000 for private sector partnerships for 
the West Bank and Gaza should such funds be authorized.
    Israelis and Palestinians.--The Committee reaffirms its 
commitment to supporting United States actions that promote 
peace between Israel and the Palestinians. The Committee 
further reaffirms the long-standing bipartisan support for a 
negotiated two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian 
conflict, and that a lasting two-state solution is essential to 
the achievement of long-term peace and stability in the broader 
region. The Committee urges both sides to refrain from 
unilateral steps that may jeopardize the eventual possibility 
of a two-state solution and threaten to push the parties even 
farther from the negotiating table.
    The Committee notes with concern that the Administration 
has not programmed the $75,000,000 appropriated under Economic 
Support Fund in the Department of State, Foreign Operations, 
and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2020. The Committee 
directs that the fiscal year 2020 funds are to be notified and 
obligated in addition to funds appropriated in the fiscal year 
2021 Act.
    Yemen.--Subsection (l) includes funds under Economic 
Support Fund for stabilization efforts in Yemen. Additionally, 
funds are made available under International Disaster 
Assistance and Migration and Refugee assistance to continue the 
provision of humanitarian assistance.

Reports

Subsection (a)--Egypt

    Governance and human rights.--The certification and report 
required by section 7041(a)(3)(A) shall include whether the 
Government of Egypt is taking, on a sustained and effective 
basis, steps to: (1) advance democracy and human rights in 
Egypt, including to govern democratically and protect religious 
minorities and the rights of women, which are in addition to 
steps taken during the previous calendar year for such 
purposes; (2) implement reforms that protect freedoms of 
expression, association, and peaceful assembly, including the 
ability of civil society organizations, human rights defenders, 
and the media to function without interference; (3) release 
political prisoners and provide detainees with due process of 
law; (4) hold Egyptian security forces accountable, including 
officers credibly alleged to have violated human rights; (5) 
investigate and prosecute cases of extrajudicial killings and 
forced disappearances; (6) provide regular access for United 
States officials to monitor assistance in areas where the 
assistance is used; (7) adhere to the separation of powers and 
the rule of law, including constitutional limits on elected 
office and the role of the military in governance; and (8) 
comply with United Nations Security Council Resolution 2270 and 
other such resolutions regarding North Korea.
    Military restructure.--The Committee directs that not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
State shall consult with the Committees on Appropriations on 
any plan to restructure military assistance for Egypt.
    End-use monitoring.--Not later than 180 days after 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Defense, shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on Egypt's compliance with 
end-user monitoring agreements for the use of United States 
military equipment in the Sinai, as identified in the GAO 
report ``U.S. Government Should Strengthen End-Use Monitoring 
and Human Rights Vetting for Egypt'' (April 2016).
    American citizens.--The Committee notes with concern the 
treatment of human rights defenders and political prisoners 
held in Egypt and denounces the death of American citizen 
Mustafa Kassem following years of unjust imprisonment. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State, not later than 45 
days after enactment of this Act, to submit a report to the 
appropriate congressional committees on the treatment and 
conditions of political prisoners in Egyptian custody as well 
as the steps taken to secure the release of wrongfully detained 
American citizens from Egypt.
    Religious freedom.--The Secretary of State shall submit a 
report to the appropriate congressional committees on the steps 
the Egyptian Government is taking to ensure proper treatment 
and justice for Christian communities in Egypt. The report 
shall include information on church restoration, Christian 
participation in government, a history of persecution against 
Egyptian Christians, and the status of Egyptian Christians 
being held in detention by the government.

Subsection (b)--Iran

    Sanctions.--Pursuant to subsection (b)(2), the Secretary of 
State shall report on Iran's compliance with the Joint 
Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) as well as on the status 
of United States bilateral sanctions on Iran, the re-imposition 
and renewed enforcement of secondary sanctions, and the impact 
such sanctions have had on Iran's destabilizing activities 
throughout the Middle East. Such report shall also include any 
entities involved in providing significant support for the 
development of a ballistic missile by the Government of Iran, 
including shipping and financing, and note whether such 
entities are currently under United States sanctions. The 
report shall be submitted in an unclassified form and contain a 
classified annex if necessary.

Subsection (c)--Iraq

    Religious minorities.--The Committee remains concerned for 
ethnic and religious minorities in Iraq and directs the 
Secretary of State to provide a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act, on the status of humanitarian assistance for vulnerable 
and persecuted religious minorities. Such report shall include 
information regarding the status of restoring residential 
services such as water, electricity, sewage, health, and 
education.
    Security forces.--The Committee is concerned that the use 
of militias, instead of full-time professional Iraqi Security 
Forces, may be hindering the return of families to the Ninewa 
Plain region of Iraq and may be facilitating infiltration of 
the area by groups supported by the government of Iran. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a report to 
the Committees on Appropriations, not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act, on efforts to integrate ethnic 
minorities in northern Iraq into the security forces. Such 
report shall include the number of such persons integrated into 
community police or similar forces.
    United Nations Development Program (UNDP).--Not later than 
45 days after enactment of this Act, the USAID Administrator 
shall update the report on the status of the modified agreement 
between USAID and UNDP regarding assistance to Iraqis, 
particularly religious and ethnic minorities, to enable them to 
return to their homes in areas liberated from ISIS. One aim of 
the modified agreement was to ensure that the United States 
contribution will help the populations of liberated areas in 
Ninewa Province resume normal lives by restoring community-
prioritized services such as water, electricity, sewage, 
health, and education. The Committee continues to support 
assistance to religious and ethnic minorities, to the maximum 
extent practicable, through indigenous aid and security 
organizations on the ground that have a proven track record of 
supporting local communities.

Subsection (e)--Lebanon

    Lebanon report.--The Committee continues to be concerned 
about Hezbollah's growing influence within the Government of 
Lebanon. The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit 
a report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than 45 
days after enactment of this Act, on: (1) the extent of 
Hezbollah's influence within such government, including the 
LAF; (2) what steps are being taken to prevent the use of 
Lebanon as a safe haven for terrorist groups; (3) the 
implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 
(UNSCR) 1701; (4) the prevention of building of cross-border 
tunnels into Israel and weapons factories inside Lebanon; and 
(5) the risks associated with the reported development of 
Precision Guided Missiles by Hezbollah.
    United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).--The 
Committee is concerned about UNIFIL's ability to fulfill its 
mandate in southern Lebanon to assist the Lebanese Armed Forces 
in establishing an area free of any armed personnel, assets and 
weapons other than those of the government and of UNIFIL. Not 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the Committee 
directs the Secretary of State to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations assessing UNIFIL's efforts to 
detect tunnels built by Hezbollah in the south of Lebanon and 
the steps the Secretary of State and the United States 
Ambassador to the United Nations are taking to urge the 
Security Council to sanction Hezbollah for violations of UNSCR 
1701. The report should also include an assessment of whether 
UNIFIL is complying with its new requirement to increase its 
visible presence in southern Lebanon and oversee the LAF's 
accelerated deployment in southern Lebanon.

Subsection (i)--Syria

    Refugees.--The Committee is concerned about the safety of 
Syrian refugees who have returned, or may return, to Syria. Not 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of State shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations a 
report detailing the dangers Syrian refugees face and what the 
United States, the United Nations, other nations, and 
international partners are doing to alleviate suffering and 
secure the safety of returning refugees.
    Humanitarian assistance.--The Committee directs USAID to 
ensure humanitarian and other foreign assistance for Syrian 
stabilization and reconstruction efforts is focused in 
democratic Syria or areas of Syria not under the Assad regime's 
control. The Secretary of State and USAID Administrator shall 
submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees, 
not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, containing 
a detailed assessment on the delivery of humanitarian 
assistance to Syria, which shall include the following: (1) the 
challenges of access to areas of Syria controlled by the 
Government of Syria or associated forces for purposes of 
providing United States humanitarian assistance, including 
assistance funded through multilateral institutions and 
international governmental organizations; (2) where such United 
States humanitarian assistance has been able to be delivered in 
such areas; (3) a description of where such United States 
humanitarian assistance has been denied access in such areas; 
(4) how the United States Government is working to improve 
access to such areas; (5) the roles and responsibilities of 
United States allies and partners and other countries in the 
region in ensuring access to such areas; (6) how such United 
States humanitarian assistance and implementing partners of 
such assistance are monitored and evaluated; (7) the major 
challenges that the United States faces in monitoring such 
United States humanitarian assistance and how the United States 
is working to overcome such challenges; and (8) the strategy of 
the United States to deliver humanitarian assistance to areas 
of Syria controlled by the Government of Syria or associated 
forces and in which the Government of Syria or associated 
forces is impeding access to such areas.

Yemen

    Humanitarian needs.--The Committee remains concerned about 
the significant humanitarian needs in Yemen and the lack of 
consistent access to allow relief to be provided. Not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
State, in consultation with the USAID Administrator, shall 
submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations that 
addresses delivery of humanitarian assistance, including: (1) 
access for humanitarian organizations to deliver assistance; 
(2) the capacity of Yemeni ports to receive commercial and 
humanitarian goods; (3) other impediments to the delivery of 
assistance to populations in need; and (4) the conditions 
required to transition from humanitarian assistance to longer-
term development assistance. The Committee also recognizes the 
importance of fuel to alleviating the humanitarian crisis, 
including access into all Red Sea ports, which are critical 
lifelines for the Yemeni population.
    Section 7042 (Africa) includes language modified from the 
prior year regarding assistance for Africa. The Committee 
acknowledges that global development, diplomacy, and defense 
are pertinent to protecting United States national security and 
advancing United States policy toward Africa and notes the 
important role the countries of Africa play with respect to 
global security and stability. The Committee also recognizes 
that the underlying causes of instability and conflict in the 
region, including extreme poverty, poor health, food 
insecurity, climate change, and environmental degradation, are 
critical areas for United States involvement through foreign 
assistance. The Secretary of State should prioritize issues 
affecting the future of these countries and ensure adequate 
diplomatic and assistance resources are made available to 
support the continent.
    Africa counterterrorism.--The Committee continues to 
support African counterterrorism initiatives such as the 
Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism and the 
Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership.
    Boko Haram.--The Committee notes with concern the ongoing 
attacks on civilians by Boko Haram. The Committee encourages 
USAID to address the unique needs of these victims, especially 
women and girls, in its programming and assist in their 
reintegration into communities.
    Central African Republic.--The Committee encourages the 
Secretary of State to provide robust support for the upcoming 
elections in the Central African Republic recognizing the 
importance of the country to the security and stability of the 
region.
    Pursuant to subsection (c), the Committee provides 
$3,000,000 for a contribution for the Special Criminal Court. 
The recommendation directs these funds to victim and witness 
protection, investigative missions, and assistance for 
documentation, evidence management, prosecution, and 
specialized training.
    Counter Lord's Resistance Army.--The Committee directs the 
Department of State to make funds available for programs and 
activities in areas affected by the Lord's Resistance Army 
(LRA) consistent with the goals of the Lord's Resistance Army 
Disarmament and Northern Uganda Recovery Act of 2009 (Public 
Law 111-172). In addition, these funds may be used to expand 
programs to areas neighboring LRA-affected regions threatened 
by other illicit armed groups to address gaps in 
telecommunications, early warning systems, and psychosocial 
assistance.
    Nigeria.--The Committee encourages the Secretary of State 
to continue negotiations with the United Nations and the 
Government of Nigeria on a handover protocol requiring children 
apprehended by Nigerian security forces be transferred to 
civilian child protection authorities expeditiously and to 
publicly call on the Nigerian Government to finalize, 
implement, and allow international oversight of such protocol.
    Sahel.--The Committee notes with concern the increasing 
terrorist attacks and violence against civilians in the Sahel 
region. The Committee welcomes the appointment of a Special 
Envoy at the Department of State to lead the diplomatic 
strategy and advance interagency efforts to address the crisis. 
Funds made available for Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso should 
also prioritize efforts to counter violent extremism; integrate 
community peacebuilding programs, including through inter-faith 
dialogue; and foster economic opportunity and community 
resilience. The Committee believes that USAID and other 
international donors must remain focused on long-term 
development and governance needs of countries in the Sahel in 
addition to addressing the current humanitarian and security 
crisis.

Report

    Sudan.--Pursuant to subsection (g), the Committee 
recommendation includes modified language regarding Sudan and 
directs the Secretary of State to submit a report to the 
Committees on Appropriations, not later than 45 days after 
enactment of this Act, on actions being taken by the United 
States to support the transitional government of Sudan to 
reform the economy, support civilian institutions and 
elections, and provide social services.
    Section 7043 (East Asia and the Pacific) includes language 
modified from the prior year containing limitations, directives 
on assistance, and authorities for diplomatic and development 
activities and programs in East Asia and the Pacific.
    Burma.--Pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(A), the Committee 
directs funds be made available to: (1) promote rural economic 
development including through microfinance programs; (2) 
increase opportunities for foreign direct investment by 
strengthening rule of law, transparency, and accountability; 
and (3) investigate and document allegations of ethnic 
cleansing and other gross human rights violations in Burma, 
including those committed against Rohingya people in Rakhine 
State.
    The United States Chief of Mission in Burma, in 
consultation with the Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human 
Rights, and Labor at the Department of State, shall be 
responsible for democracy and human rights programs in Burma. 
The Committee expects that any new programs and activities 
initiated in fiscal year 2021 in Burma shall be subject to 
prior consultation with the appropriate congressional 
committees.
    Cambodia.--The Committee recommendation includes language 
modified from the prior year containing directives on 
assistance and a determination on providing assistance to the 
Government of Cambodia, which includes a new condition on 
cessation of violence and harassment of civil society and the 
political opposition in Cambodia.
    Hong Kong.--The Committee is concerned by the Government of 
the PRC's passage of a new national security law that further 
undermines the autonomy and rule of law of Hong Kong and erodes 
the freedoms of the people of Hong Kong. The Committee supports 
Hong Kong's autonomy and the fundamental rights of its people 
that are protected under Hong Kong Basic Law, including the 
rights to freedom of speech, of the press and of publication, 
and to peacefully assemble and demonstrate. The Committee 
recommendation includes funds at not less than prior year 
levels for democracy programs for Hong Kong.
    Indo-Pacific Strategy and the Countering Chinese Influence 
Fund.--The Committee believes that the United States is an 
enduring Pacific power, and preserving a free and open Indo-
Pacific is a core interest of the United States. The Committee 
recommendation includes funding for the Countering Chinese 
Influence Fund to counter the strategic influence of the 
People's Republic of China that challenges the core tenets of 
international peace, security, and collaboration through 
destabilizing activities such as illegal construction, 
militarization, and economic coercion.
    The Committee supports the Department of State's efforts to 
monitor malign Chinese influence around the world and 
encourages the Secretary of State to coordinate a whole-of-
government response.
    The Committee recommendation supports the Global 
Cooperation and Training Framework, which serves as a platform 
to support public health, law enforcement, disaster relief, 
energy cooperation, women's empowerment, cyber security, media 
literacy, and good governance.
    The Committee supports the Asia EDGE initiative and 
encourages the Department of State to continue prior year 
funding levels.
    The Committee supports the Digital Connectivity and 
Cybersecurity Partnership and encourages the Department of 
State to continue prior year funding levels.
    The Committee encourages the promotion of secure wireless 
technologies and directs the Secretary of State and Secretary 
of the Treasury to increase partner engagement at international 
bodies, including international financial institutions, that 
set standards for 5th and future generation telecommunications 
infrastructure.
    The Committee is concerned about Chinese efforts to expand 
the use of their state-owned and state-sponsored 5G next 
generation technologies and urges the Department of State, 
USAID, and the DFC to focus on economic development projects 
that counter Chinese influence and use of their technology 
especially in Africa and South America.
    Laos.--The Committee recommendation does not include funds 
to negotiate or enter into an agreement with the Government of 
Laos for the repatriation of any citizen, former citizen, 
national, or former national of Laos who arrived in the United 
States before the date of enactment of this Act.
    North Korea.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State 
to report to the appropriate congressional committees if the 
Secretary has credible information that a government receiving 
assistance by this Act is currently contributing materially to 
the malicious cyber-intrusion capabilities of the Government of 
North Korea.
    The Committee urges the Office of North Korean Human 
Rights, in consultation with Korean American community 
organizations, to identify Korean Americans who wish to be 
reunited with their family in North Korea in anticipation of 
future reunions.
    Pacific Islands.--The Committee recommendation includes 
funds under titles III and IV to strengthen maritime security 
and combat transnational crime, improve healthcare, mitigate 
and adapt to environment challenges, reduce disaster risk, 
promote economic development, and strengthen democratic 
governance.
    People's Republic of China (PRC).--The Committee encourages 
the Secretary of State to coordinate with the Department of 
Justice to determine whether Chinese nationals associated with 
Confucius Institutes operating on American college campuses 
qualify as foreign agents working on behalf of the Government 
of the PRC and to review all active Confucius Institutes for 
compliance with visa regulations and practices.
    Philippines.--Pursuant to the determination required by 
subsection (f)(2)(A), the Secretary shall take into 
consideration whether the Government of the Philippines is 
taking effective steps to promote human rights and strengthen 
accountability mechanisms through: (1) establishing the rule of 
law and a judicial system capable of investigating and 
prosecuting army personnel who are credibly alleged to have 
committed or abetted extrajudicial executions, forced 
disappearances, and other gross violations of human rights; (2) 
strengthening government institutions working to eliminate such 
crimes; (3) implementing a policy of promoting army personnel 
who demonstrate professionalism and respect for human rights; 
and (4) monitoring that the Armed Forces of the Philippines and 
paramilitary groups under its control are not engaging in acts 
of intimidation or violence against journalists, human rights 
defenders, indigenous persons, labor and civic leaders and 
activists, and critics of the government. The required report 
shall include a detailed justification for such determination.
    The Committee continues to direct the Department of State 
to strictly monitor United States assistance, including funding 
provided under Foreign Military Financing Program and 
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement, made 
available for the Philippines with respect to human rights, 
abuses or violence against journalists or human rights 
activists, and the accountability and professionalism of 
security forces personnel.
    South Korea.--The Committee urges the Secretary of State to 
engage in good faith negotiations with the Government of South 
Korea for a fair and equitable five-year Special Measures 
Agreement.
    Timor-Leste.--The Committee directs the Department of State 
and USAID to assess the impact of major Chinese investment in 
the Tasi Mane project in Timor-Leste on United States strategic 
interests and to consult with the appropriate congressional 
committees on mitigating negative impacts.
    Vietnam.--The Committee recommendation does not include 
funds to negotiate or enter into an agreement with the 
Government of Vietnam for the repatriation of any citizen, 
former citizen, or national of Vietnam who arrived in the 
United States before July 12, 1995.

Reports

Subsection (c)--Indo-Pacific Strategy and the Countering Chinese 
        Influence Fund

    Chinese misinformation.--The Committee is concerned by 
Chinese misinformation efforts against the United States in the 
Indo-Pacific region and directs the Secretary of State, in 
coordination with the USAID Administrator, to submit a report 
to the appropriate congressional committees, not later than 45 
days after enactment of this Act, on United States efforts to 
counter such narratives.
    Indo-Pacific climate security.--The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with the USAID 
Administrator and other relevant agencies, to develop and 
submit an Indo-Pacific climate security report to the 
Committees on Appropriations not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act. Such report shall include an assessment 
of how climate impacts the Indo-Pacific Strategy and its 
implementation in the long-term and a plan on how to mitigate 
such impacts through diplomatic, security, and development 
engagements including the utilization of additional resources.
    Maritime security.--The Committee is concerned by continued 
unauthorized Chinese fishing boat incursions in the Indo-
Pacific region and directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than 90 
days after enactment of this Act, on the use of funds provided 
under titles III and IV for maritime security activities to 
counter unauthorized Chinese fishing boat incursions and how 
such activities support the strategy on strengthening maritime 
security in the Indo-Pacific region.

Subsection (e)--People's Republic of China

    Uighur human rights.--The Committee directs the Secretary 
of State, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, 
to submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, not 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, on the human 
rights situation of the Uighur people and other ethnic Muslim 
minorities within the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and 
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of the PRC. Such report shall 
address PRC efforts to repress ethnic Muslim minorities and 
provide an assessment of the activities of international 
financial institutions in such autonomous regions.

Subsection (f)--Philippines

    Security forces.--The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, 
not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, assessing 
the extent to which the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the 
Philippines National Police are respecting human rights and the 
rule of law.
    Visiting Forces Agreement.--The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State to submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees, not later than 45 days after 
enactment of this Act, on the potential impacts on United 
States interests and subsequent next steps if the Government of 
Philippines officially withdraws from or renegotiates the 1999 
Visiting Forces Agreement.
    Section 7044 (South and Central Asia) includes language 
modified from the prior year containing limitations, 
directives, and authorities for diplomatic and development 
activities and programs in South and Central Asia and for 
regional programs.
    Afghanistan.--The Committee recognizes the fragile nature 
of the United States peace agreement with the Taliban and the 
uncertainty of ongoing intra-Afghan negotiations. The Committee 
directs the Secretary of State to ensure the meaningful 
inclusion of Afghan women in the peace process and to 
prioritize the rights of women and girls in any intra-Afghan 
political settlement.
    The Committee notes the critical importance of continued 
support for higher education programs in Afghanistan. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to continue funding 
for American-style co-educational higher education institutions 
in Kabul, including for the costs of security and operations 
and the establishment of an endowment for such institutions.
    Bangladesh.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State 
and USAID Administrator to prioritize humanitarian assistance 
to help displaced Rohingya who have fled from Burma to 
Bangladesh.
    The Committee directs that funds made available by this Act 
for assistance for Bangladesh include programs to improve labor 
conditions in readymade garment, shrimp, and fish industries.
    India.--The Committee is concerned with the deterioration 
of human rights and religious freedoms in India, including in 
Jammu and Kashmir, and the recent addition of religion as a 
factor in the naturalization process.
    Pakistan.--The Committee recommendation includes funding 
under titles III and IV for Pakistan pursuant to the terms and 
conditions of section 7044(c) of the Department of State, 
Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
2019.
    Sri Lanka.--The Committee is concerned about the recent 
actions of newly elected and appointed government officials in 
Sri Lanka and the roll-back of UN commitments with respect to 
United Nations Human Rights Council Resolution (A/HCR/RES/30/1) 
of October 2015.
    The Committee recommendation continues limitations on 
assistance for Sri Lanka and requires the Secretary of State to 
determine and report to the Committees on Appropriations that 
the government is taking certain actions to uphold human 
rights, resolve cases of missing persons, and promote 
reconciliation between ethnic and religious groups, prior to 
the obligation of funds.
    The Committee directs that programming for Sri Lanka shall 
be subject to the regular notification procedures of the 
Committees on Appropriations.
    Regional programs.--The Committee recommendation supports 
border stabilization and development programs between 
Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Central Asian countries.

Reports

Subsection (a)--Afghanistan

    Personnel.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
submit a report, in classified form if necessary, not later 
than 30 days after enactment of this Act and every 90 days 
thereafter until September 30, 2021, to the Committees on 
Appropriations detailing by agency the number of personnel 
present in Afghanistan under COM authority per section 3927 of 
title 22, United States Code, at the end of the 90 day period 
preceding the submission of such report. The report shall also 
include the number of locally employed staff and contractors 
supporting United States Embassy operations in Afghanistan 
during the reporting period.
    Peace negotiations.--The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to submit a report, in classified form if necessary, not 
later than 30 days after enactment of this Act and every 90 
days until September 30, 2021, to the Committees on 
Appropriations detailing the status of intra-Afghan peace 
negotiations. Such report shall contain information regarding 
impacts to foreign assistance programs and the presence of 
diplomatic and development personnel in Afghanistan.
    SIVs.--The Committee recommendation includes continued 
support for the Afghan Special Immigrant Visa (SIV) program and 
directs the Secretary of State to submit a report, not later 
than 45 days after enactment of this Act, to the Committees on 
Appropriations on the status of such program and the 
Department's progress on meeting the conditions as described in 
section 7076(b) of the Department of State, Foreign Operations, 
and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2019.

Subsection (b)--Bangladesh

    Human rights.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State 
to submit a report, not later than 45 days after enactment of 
this Act, to the Committees on Appropriations on the extent to 
which the government of Bangladesh is supporting human rights; 
implementing policies to protect freedom of expression, 
association, and religion, as well as due process of law; and 
ensuring free, fair, and participatory elections.

India

    Human rights.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State 
to submit a report, not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this Act, to the Committees on Appropriations on what steps the 
Department of State has taken to address the deterioration of 
human rights and religious freedom in India and a strategy to 
engage the government of India on these issues. Such report 
shall also contain the extent to which the Government of India 
is supporting human rights and implementing policies to protect 
freedom of expression, association, and religion, as well as 
due process of law.

Subsection (d)--Pakistan

    Child marriage.--The Committee is concerned with recent 
court rulings regarding child marriage in Pakistan. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a report, 
not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, to the 
Committees on Appropriations detailing current laws and 
practices regarding child marriage and what steps the 
Department of State has taken to address this human rights 
issue.

Subsection (f)--Regional Programs

    Democratic values.--The Committee is concerned with the 
deterioration of secular, democratic values in South Asian 
countries whose strengths have included respect for minority 
religious groups. The Committee directs the Secretary of State 
to submit a report, not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this Act, to the appropriate congressional committees on the 
status of religious freedom and democratic values in the 
countries of South Asia.
    Section 7045 (Latin America and the Caribbean) includes 
language modified from the prior year regarding programs and 
funding for countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.
    The Committee directs the Department of State to ensure 
that any assistance provided to the governments of Guatemala, 
Honduras, El Salvador, Mexico, non-governmental organizations, 
or international organizations for operations in Mexico and 
Central America is utilized to advance health and development, 
strengthen protections, and uphold the rule of law and not for 
the purpose of justifying the implementation of programs that 
limit access to protection in the United States, including any 
Asylum Cooperative Agreements.
    Bolivia.--The Committee directs that none of the funds 
appropriated by this Act and made available for assistance for 
Bolivia be used to impede free, fair, and peaceful elections in 
Bolivia.
    Brazil.--The Committee expresses concern over the current 
situation in Brazil. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to press the government of Brazil to implement effective 
measures to halt extrajudicial killings by Brazilian state 
security agents, investigate and prosecute the killings of 
activists, comply with international human rights norms, and 
ensure the stability and support of the legislative and 
judicial branches of government.
    The Committee is concerned about reports that the safety 
and wellbeing of indigenous peoples and Afro-Brazilian 
communities are being adversely impacted by the Growth in the 
America's Initiative. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to urge participating countries to consult with affected 
indigenous peoples and communities, as required under 
international law, and to take appropriate steps to mitigate 
any environmental and human rights impacts of such initiative, 
particularly as it impacts the Amazon.
    Central America.--Pursuant to subsection (a), not less than 
$519,885,000 of the funds appropriated by this Act shall be 
made available for assistance for countries in Central America, 
of which not less than $420,790,000 shall be for assistance for 
El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. Such funds shall be 
prioritized for programs and activities that address the key 
factors that contribute to the migration of unaccompanied, 
undocumented minors to the United States, and such funds shall 
be made available for global health, humanitarian, development, 
democracy, border security, and law enforcement programs, 
including for the prevention of violence against women and 
girls and to combat corruption and impunity. Assistance for 
Central America shall be allocated according to the following 
table and in accordance with section 7019 of this Act:

                     ASSISTANCE FOR CENTRAL AMERICA
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Country/Program/Activity                 Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Development Assistance:
    El Salvador......................................             70,000
        of which, National Commission for the Search               1,000
         of Persons Disappeared in the Context of the
         Armed Conflict..............................
    Guatemala........................................             65,650
    Honduras.........................................             65,140
    Nicaragua........................................             10,000
        of which, Democracy and Rule of Law..........             10,000
    USAID Central America Regional...................              4,860
                                                      ------------------
            Subtotal, Development Assistance.........            215,650
Economic Support Fund:
    State Western Hemisphere Regional Central America            115,000
     Regional Security Initiative....................
                                                      ------------------
            Subtotal, Economic Support Fund..........            115,000
Combating Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (non-add,            [20,000]
 Development Assistance/Economic Support Fund).......
Inter-American Foundation............................             10,000
    of which, Northern Triangle......................             10,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement:
    State Western Hemisphere Regional Central America            155,000
     Regional Security Initiative....................
        of which, Sec. 7045(a) Offices of Attorneys               45,000
         General & other entities and activities to
         combat corruption and impunity..............
        of which, Costa Rica.........................             32,500
                                                      ------------------
                Subtotal, International Narcotics                155,000
                 Control and Law Enforcement.........
                                                      ------------------
        Subtotal--Central America Regional Security              270,000
         Initiative (non-add)........................
            [CARSI, Northern Triangle]...............          [210,000]
Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining and Related
 Programs:
    Panama...........................................                500
                                                      ------------------
        Subtotal, Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism,                   500
         Demining and Related Program................
International Military Education and Training:
    Costa Rica.......................................                725
    Other Central America............................              3,110
                                                      ------------------
        Subtotal, International Military Education                 3,835
         and Training................................
Foreign Military Financing Program:
    Belize...........................................              1,000
    Costa Rica.......................................              7,500
    El Salvador......................................                  0
    Guatemala........................................                  0
    Honduras.........................................                  0
    Panama...........................................              2,000
    State Western Hemisphere Regional................              9,400
                                                      ------------------
        Subtotal, Foreign Military Financing Program.             19,900
                                                      ------------------
            Total, Central America...................            519,885
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee notes with concern that the Administration 
redirected a majority of funds appropriated in fiscal year 2018 
for assistance for El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras and has 
failed to obligate the majority of funds appropriated for such 
assistance in fiscal year 2019. Delay in the delivery of such 
assistance undermines United States national security interest 
in addressing the conditions that lead to poverty, violence, 
and migration in the region. The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State and USAID Administrator to obligate and 
expend funds appropriated by this Act, and prior Acts, without 
delay.
    Funds made available for assistance for Central America 
under Development Assistance and Economic Support Fund shall 
include support for poverty and violence reduction efforts, 
such as community-driven development, rural development for 
small scale and subsistence farmers, and programs targeting at-
risk youth.
    Pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(A), not less than $45,000,000 
shall be for support of offices of Attorneys General to combat 
corruption and impunity in such countries, particularly special 
prosecutorial units dedicated to anti-corruption, money 
laundering, financial crimes, human rights crimes, asset 
forfeitures, and criminal analysis. In addition, such funds 
shall be for support of other entities to combat corruption and 
impunity provided they are autonomous and able to actively 
assist in the investigation and prosecution of high-level 
cases. Within the total, not less than $10,000,000 shall be 
provided through USAID to civil society organizations for 
efforts to increase government oversight and advance human 
rights and anti-corruption initiatives in Guatemala, Honduras, 
and El Salvador, not less than $3,000,000 should be made 
available for support of the special Prosecutor's Against 
Impunity (FECI) in Guatemala, not less than $500,000 shall be 
made available to the Guatemalan Human Rights Ombudsman's 
Office (Procuraduria de los Derechos Humanos), and not less 
than $3,500,000 should be made available for support of the 
Specialized Prosecutor's Unit Against Networks of Corruption 
(UFERCO), including for support of international advisors.
    Within the funds provided for assistance for El Salvador, 
the recommendation includes not less than $1,000,000 for 
support of the National Commission for the Search of Persons 
Disappeared during the Armed Conflict in El Salvador. Section 
7034(b)(2) of this Act directs that not less than $10,000,000 
shall be made available for DNA forensic technology to combat 
human trafficking in Central America and Mexico.
    The Committee recommendation includes not less than 
$20,000,000 for programs in the Northern Triangle to: (1) 
create and expand primary and secondary school-based and 
community-based sexual and gender-based violence prevention 
programming; (2) enhance the capacity of police, judicial 
systems, and child protection systems to identify, investigate, 
and prosecute cases of sexual and gender-based violence and 
protect survivors through increased personnel, equipment, 
geographic coverage, and training; and (3) create and expand 
locally available medical, mental health, legal services, and 
shelters for sexual and gender-based violence survivors in 
rural and urban areas. Additionally, such funds should only 
support those governments and agencies where evidence shows 
that officials are committed to accountable, civilian policing 
and support broad institutional reforms that can have a 
positive effect on the policing structure, including evidence-
based initiatives to improve police capacity to prevent 
violence, investigate crimes, including those of sexual and 
gender-based violence, and enhance community relations.
    Pursuant to subsection (a)(2)(A), 50 percent of the 
assistance for each of the central governments of El Salvador, 
Guatemala, and Honduras made available under Economic Support 
Fund and under title IV of this Act shall be withheld from 
obligation until the Secretary of State certifies and reports 
to the appropriate congressional committees that such 
government is: (1) combating corruption and impunity, including 
prosecuting corrupt government officials; (2) implementing 
reforms, policies, and programs to increase transparency and 
strengthen public institutions; (3) protecting the rights of 
civil society, opposition political parties, and the 
independence of the media; (4) providing effective and 
accountable law enforcement and security for its citizens, and 
upholding due process of law; (5) implementing policies to 
reduce poverty and promote equitable economic growth and 
opportunity; (6) supporting the independence of the judiciary 
and of electoral institutions; (7) improving border security; 
(8) combating human smuggling and trafficking and countering 
the activities of criminal gangs, drug traffickers, and 
transnational criminal organizations; and (9) informing its 
citizens of the dangers of the journey to the southwest border 
of the United States.
    In making a certification pursuant to subsection (a)(2)(A) 
of this section concerning the governments of El Salvador, 
Guatemala, and Honduras, the Secretary of State shall consider 
the following: relating to clause (i), whether such government 
is: cooperating with commissions against corruption and 
impunity and with regional human rights entities; increasing 
the capacity and independence of the judiciary and the Office 
of the Attorney General; and investigating and prosecuting in 
the civilian justice system government personnel who are 
credibly alleged to be corrupt or to have violated human 
rights; relating to clause (ii), whether such government is: 
implementing tax reforms that increase government revenue and 
transparency in the tax collection system, resolving commercial 
disputes, including but not limited to the confiscation of real 
property and the timely payment of amounts owed to United 
States entities, and supporting the independence and growing 
capacity of the judiciary and the Office of the Attorney 
General, including on matters pertaining to upholding rule of 
law and ensuring due process in adjudication of tax matters; 
relating to clause (iii), whether such government is: 
protecting the rights of political opposition parties and other 
members of civil society to operate without interference; 
relating to clause (iv), whether such government is: creating a 
professional, accountable civilian police force and ending the 
role of the military in internal policing; and strengthening 
customs agencies; relating to clause (v), whether such 
government is: supporting programs to reduce poverty, expand 
education and vocational training for at-risk youth, creating 
jobs, and promoting equitable economic growth, particularly in 
areas contributing to large numbers of migrants; and relating 
to clause (vii), whether such government is: improving the 
capacity to detect and prevent illegal migration, human 
smuggling and trafficking, and trafficking of illicit drugs and 
other contraband.
    The Committee also urges the Secretary of State to work 
with Northern Triangle governments on improving the 
effectiveness of legal mechanisms to issue timely reimbursement 
of tax refunds owed to United States business entities.
    In the event the Secretary of State is unable to make one 
or more of the certifications required above, subsection 
(a)(2)(B) permits the Secretary of State to reprogram such 
assistance to other countries in Latin America and the 
Caribbean, subject to the regular notification procedures of 
the Committees on Appropriations.
    Subsection (a)(2)(D) directs that none of the funds 
appropriated under Foreign Military Financing Program be made 
available for assistance for El Salvador, Guatemala, or 
Honduras.
    The Committee recommendation maintains the special 
notification requirement for assistance for El Salvador, 
Guatemala, and Honduras and directs that such notifications: 
(1) indicate whether funds will support current or new 
programs, the central government of such country, or an 
international financial institution; (2) describe the cost-
matching arrangements; and (3) describe how programs align with 
the Strategy and the plan for monitoring and evaluation, 
including the program and context indicators for each program 
described in the notification.
    The Committee is concerned about the length of time it has 
taken in prior years for the Department of State to submit the 
spend plan required for assistance for Central America and take 
the other steps necessary to obligate funds in a timely manner, 
particularly with respect to funds not subject to the 
withholding pursuant to subsection (a)(2)(A). The Committee 
directs the Secretary of State and USAID Administrator to 
submit such spend plan within 90 days of enactment of this Act. 
Such spend plan shall include details on assistance for El 
Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras with specific objectives and 
benchmarks for the use of such assistance, including what 
metrics will be used to measure success.
    Not later than 30 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State shall provide to the appropriate 
congressional committees any Asylum Cooperative Agreement 
between the United States and the governments of El Salvador, 
Guatemala, and Honduras, including the basis for the 
determination that such agreement meets mandated legal 
requirements, such as the asylum seekers have access to a full 
and fair procedure for determining a claim to asylum.
    The Committee recommendation includes $10,000,000 for 
assistance for Nicaragua for programs that promote democracy 
and the rule of law. No funds are provided for the central 
government of Nicaragua or for security assistance under title 
IV of this Act. The Committee notes that any assistance for 
Nicaragua is subject to the notification requirements of 
section 7015 of this Act.
    The Committee is concerned with the expropriation of land 
in border forest communities, which often is linked to narco-
ranching and the laundering of illicit proceeds from 
trafficking. The Committee urges the Secretary of State to work 
with Northern Triangle governments to strengthen the capacity 
and geographic reach of local judicial, prosecutorial, 
investigatory, wildlife law enforcement and park rangers in 
border forest communities and protected areas as a means of 
protecting the rights of indigenous and forest communities and 
to halting corruption within governments.
    The Committee notes the importance of the Maya Forest areas 
of Guatemala, Belize, and Mexico and the Moskitia Forest region 
of Honduras. The Committee recommendation includes funds to 
support the comprehensive strategy to support activities to 
strengthen security and governance in these areas that was 
developed pursuant to the directive in House Report 116-78, 
including funds for support of scientific investigation, 
heritage conservation, law enforcement, and sustainable 
tourism.
    Colombia.--The Committee recognizes the longstanding 
partnership between the United States and Colombia. The 
Committee acknowledges the strategic importance of Colombia and 
notes the improvements made in the everyday lives of the 
Colombian people over the last two decades and looks forward to 
the continued partnership and to building on the progress made 
in recent years with the adoption of the peace accords. The 
Committee also commends the Government and people of Colombia 
for their longstanding support of Venezuelan migrants.
    Pursuant to subsection (b), not less than $457,253,000 of 
the funds appropriated by this Act shall be made available for 
assistance for Colombia, of which not less than $207,328,000 is 
from funds under Development Assistance and Economic Support 
Fund and shall be apportioned directly to USAID. Such funds are 
allocated according to the following table and subject to 
section 7019 of this Act:

                                COLOMBIA
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Account/Program                      Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Development Assistance...............................             61,000
    of which, Biodiversity...........................             11,500
Economic Support Fund................................            146,328
    of which, Afro-Colombian and indigenous                       25,000
     communities.....................................
    of which, Human Rights...........................             12,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..            189,000
    of which, Rule of Law and Human Rights...........             36,000
    [Justice Sector Institutional Strengthening &               [19,000]
     Reform].........................................
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                    21,000
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              1,400
Foreign Military Financing Program...................             38,525
                                                      ------------------
        Total........................................            457,253
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Pursuant to subsection (b)(1), funds appropriated under 
titles III and IV of this Act and made available for assistance 
for Colombia shall be made available for programs and 
activities that support the efforts of the Government of 
Colombia to: (1) implement the Colombian peace agreement, 
including through assistance for expanding the presence of 
civilian institutions in rural areas and for vocational 
training and reintegration programs for former combatants; (2) 
assist communities impacted by significant refugee, internally 
displaced, or migrant populations; (3) conduct a unified 
campaign against narcotics trafficking, organizations 
designated as foreign terrorist organizations pursuant to 
section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1189), and other criminal or illegal armed groups; (4) assist 
farmers in eradicating and replacing coca as agreed to in the 
peace accord; (5) promote economic and social development in 
consultation with local communities, including small farmers, 
women, and indigenous and Afro-Colombian peoples, in areas 
affected by the conflict, including by improving access through 
demining programs and by land titling and supporting the return 
of land to displaced persons; (6) strengthen and expand 
governance, the rule of law, access to justice, and respect for 
human rights throughout Colombia; (7) enhance security and 
stability in Colombia and the region; and (8) provide 
protection to human rights defenders and communities, in 
particular Afro-Colombian and indigenous persons, facing high 
risk.
    The Committee recommendation includes $146,328,000 under 
Economic Support Fund for assistance for Colombia, of which not 
less than $25,000,000 is for support of Afro-Colombian and 
indigenous communities and not less than $12,000,000 is for 
human rights programming, including not less than $500,000 for 
the Commission for the Clarification of Truth, Co-Existence and 
Non-Repetition and not less than $300,000 for the National Unit 
to Search for the Disappeared.
    The Committee recommendation includes $189,000,000 under 
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement for 
assistance for Colombia. Within that amount, the Committee 
recommendation provides not less than $36,000,000 for rule of 
law and human rights activities, of which not less than 
$6,500,000 is for support of key Colombian entities responsible 
for investigating and prosecuting human rights violations, 
including support for the relevant units of the Office of 
Attorney General, such as the Human Rights Unit, the Special 
Unit for the Dismantling of Organizations and Criminal Conduct 
Responsible for Homicides and Massacres, and regional 
prosecutors.
    Pursuant to subsection (b)(2)(A), 20 percent of the funds 
appropriated under International Narcotics Control and Law 
Enforcement and made available for assistance for Colombia may 
be obligated only after the Secretary of State determines and 
reports to the Committees on Appropriations that the Colombian 
government is continuing to implement a national whole-of-
government counternarcotics strategy intended to reduce by 50 
percent cocaine production and coca cultivation levels in 
Colombia by 2023 and such program is not in violation of the 
2016 peace accord between the Government of Colombia and the 
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to ensure that 
eradication programs supported by funds appropriated by this 
Act be designed and executed in compliance with any 
requirements of the Constitutional Court of Colombia and within 
the framework and provisions of the peace accords, including 
ensuring that basic needs of communities are addressed, such as 
land titling, food security, and the establishment of a lasting 
and responsive state presence in coca-growing zones. Such 
programs shall also ensure the protection of indigenous 
reserves and reservations; Afro-Colombian collective 
territories; natural parks of Colombia, whether national or 
regional; strategic ecosystems like paramos, wetlands as 
defined by the Ramsar Convention, and mangroves; population 
centers; settlements of populations; and bodies of water.
    Pursuant to subsection (b)(2)(B), 20 percent of the funds 
appropriated under the heading Foreign Military Financing 
Program and made available for assistance for Colombia may be 
obligated only after the Secretary of State determines and 
reports to the Committees on Appropriations that: (1) the 
Special Jurisdiction for Peace and other judicial authorities 
are taking effective steps to hold accountable perpetrators of 
gross violations of human rights in a manner consistent with 
international law, including for command responsibility; (2) 
the government of Colombia is taking effective steps to 
dismantle illegal armed groups and to reduce threats and 
attacks against human rights defenders and other civil society 
activists, Afro-Colombian and indigenous community leaders, 
trade unionists, and journalists, and judicial authorities are 
making quantifiable strides in effectively prosecuting those 
responsible for such threats and attacks; (3) the government of 
Colombia is taking effective steps to protect Afro-Colombian 
and indigenous communities and is respecting their rights and 
territory; (4) senior military officers responsible for 
ordering, committing, and covering up cases of false positives 
are being held accountable, including removal from active duty 
if found guilty through criminal or disciplinary proceedings; 
and (5) the Government of Colombia has investigated and is 
taking steps to hold accountable Government officials credibly 
alleged to have directed, authorized, or conducted illegal 
surveillance of political opponents, government officials, 
journalists, and human rights defenders, including the use of 
assets provided by the United States for combating 
counterterrorism and counternarcotics for such purposes.
    The Secretary of State, in consultation with the USAID 
Administrator, shall continue to submit a multi-year spend plan 
in a manner consistent with prior year requirements.
    The Committee supports funds for reforestation programs in 
Colombia, including through partnerships with organizations 
that have focused expertise in such activities.
    Cuba.--The Committee recommendation includes $20,000,000 
under Economic Support Fund for support of democracy building, 
human rights, and civil society initiatives in Cuba.
    Haiti.--Subsection (c) continues language from the prior 
year concerning assistance for Haiti. The Committee is greatly 
concerned by civil unrest in Haiti. The Committee expects the 
Secretary of State and USAID Administrator to support dialogue 
aimed at resolving the political crisis and ensuring that 
upcoming elections are transparent and inclusive. In addition, 
the Committee supports thorough and independent investigations 
into corruption allegations and reported human rights 
violations, including extrajudicial killings.
    The Committee urges the Secretary of State to work with the 
Governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic to develop a 
strategy for enhancing border security, including through 
assistance provided for such countries under this Act, and to 
keep the Committees on Appropriations informed on its 
development.
    Mexico.--The Committee recommendation provides $159,910,000 
for assistance for Mexico. Such funds are allocated according 
to the following table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                                 MEXICO
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Development Assistance...............................             10,000
Economic Support Fund................................             40,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..            100,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                     1,160
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              1,750
Foreign Military Financing Program...................              7,000
                                                      ------------------
    Total, Mexico....................................            159,910
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Funds made available for assistance for Mexico shall be 
prioritized to support capacity-building in Mexican security 
and justice sector institutions to combat and prosecute 
transnational criminal organizations and to keep citizens and 
communities safe on both sides of the border, including for 
justice reform, promotion of good governance, protection of 
human rights, and implementation of crime and violence 
prevention programs. The Committee also recognizes that the 
United States and Mexico face difficult challenges in securing 
the shared border while also facilitating the efficient flow of 
commerce and trade and supports efforts to enhance United 
States-Mexico trade and investment.
    The Committee believes that efforts to address these 
challenges could be strengthened through the development of 
common or complementary approaches in areas of mutual interest 
such as border security and law enforcement. The Committee 
urges the Department of State, in coordination with other 
relevant Federal agencies, to explore new opportunities for 
cooperation with Mexican authorities, including training 
opportunities by state and local law enforcement entities in 
the United States, including an increased coordination of 
inbound enforcement activities that target the trafficking of 
United States origin weapons, ammunition, explosives, and 
illegal proceeds at shared land ports of entry.
    The Committee is concerned about the spread of Sargassum 
seaweed blooms along the Gulf Coast of the United States and 
Mexico. This has negatively affected bilateral tourism and may 
permanently damage fishing industries in the region. The 
Department of State, in coordination with the United States 
Geological Survey's Contaminant Biology Program, is directed to 
explore the United States environmental contributions to this 
phenomenon and work with Mexican officials through the High-
Level Economic Dialogue to examine the economic costs, and 
potential solutions, to the issue.
    The Committee is concerned with the deteriorated human 
rights conditions at the border of the United States and Mexico 
due to migrant flows. The Committee notes the international 
expertise of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 
and encourages the Department of State and the United States 
Mission to the United Nations to strengthen coordination with 
the Commissioner to boost regional cooperation, alleviate 
inhumane conditions, and strengthen human rights along the 
southern border.
    The Caribbean.--Pursuant to subsection (d), not less than 
$74,800,000 of the funds appropriated by this Act shall be for 
the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI). CBSI assists 
the nations of the Caribbean in improving their capacity to 
combat transnational crime and violence, increase public safety 
and security, promote social justice through police and justice 
sector reform, anti-corruption programs and at-risk youth 
programs, and to address the regional instability caused by 
years of devastating natural disasters. Funds for CBSI are 
allocated according to the following table, subject to section 
7019 of this Act, and should be viewed as minimum amounts 
necessary to support the Initiative in fiscal year 2021:

                   CARIBBEAN BASIN SECURITY INITIATIVE
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................             32,300
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..             35,000
Foreign Military Financing Program...................              7,500
    Total, CBSI......................................             74,800
    Strengthening Resilience to Natural Disasters               [10,000]
     (titles III and IV).............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Within the funds provided for CBSI, the Committee 
recommendation includes not less than $10,000,000 to strengthen 
resilience to emergencies and disasters in the Caribbean.
    The Committee further directs that funds appropriated under 
Global Health Programs and Development Assistance be made 
available for assistance for Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean 
at not less than amounts provided in fiscal year 2020.
    The Committee is concerned by reports of discrimination 
against LGBTI persons in Jamaica. According to the 2018 Human 
Rights Report for Jamaica issued by the Department of State, 
Jamaican law does not extend antidiscrimination protections to 
persons based on sexual orientation, gender identity or 
expression, or sex characteristics. The Department also 
reported that Jamaican government agencies had taken part in 
discriminatory acts. The Committee urges the Secretary of State 
to engage with the Government of Jamaica to reform 
discriminatory laws and to cease discriminatory acts against 
Jamaicans who are LGBTI.
    Venezuela.--Subsection (e)(1) provides that not less than 
$30,000,000 be made available for programs to promote democracy 
and the rule of law in Venezuela. The Committee urges the 
Secretary of State and USAID Administrator to allocate 
additional funds for support of a peaceful democratic 
transition in Venezuela as conditions permit. The Committee 
notes that Venezuela is subject to the notification 
requirements of section 7015 of this Act.
    Subsection (e)(2) directs that funds appropriated under 
title III of this Act and prior Acts be made available for 
assistance for communities in countries supporting or otherwise 
impacted by refugees from Venezuela, including Colombia, Peru, 
Ecuador, Curacao, and Trinidad and Tobago.
    The Committee recommendation also includes funds under 
International Disaster Assistance and Migration and Refugee 
Assistance to assist in the response to humanitarian needs 
resulting from the Venezuelan migration, both inside Venezuela 
and in the region. The Committee notes that between fiscal 
years 2017-2019 over $472,000,000 was made available by the 
Department of State and USAID for support of the Venezuelan 
humanitarian response from funds appropriated under such 
headings.

Other Latin America and the Caribbean

    Trade capacity building activities.--The Committee 
recommendation includes funds under Development Assistance for 
labor and environmental capacity building activities relating 
to free trade agreements with countries of Central America, 
Colombia, Peru, and the Dominican Republic.

Reports

Subsection (a)--Central America

    CARSI.--Not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, 
the Committee directs the Secretary of State, in coordination 
with the USAID Administrator, to provide to the Committees on 
Appropriations a report on the uses of all funds provided for 
CARSI on a country-by-country basis for each program, project, 
and activity for fiscal years 2010 through 2020, and integrate 
such information into the ForeignAssistance.gov website, as 
appropriate.
    El Salvador.--The Committee continues the directive 
included in House Report 116-78 that the Secretary of State 
work with the relevant Federal departments and agencies, as 
appropriate, to assist the judicial authorities of El Salvador 
in the investigation and prosecution of those responsible for 
the El Mozote massacre, including the identification and 
provision of related documents, correspondence, reproductions 
of Salvadoran documents, and other similar materials from 
January 1981 to January 1983. The Committee directs that not 
later than 30 days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
report to the Committees on Appropriations on the status of the 
release of documents by all relevant Federal departments and 
agencies to Salvadoran judicial authorities, including the 
Salvadoran presiding judge investigating and prosecuting the El 
Mozote massacre case, which shall include all documents, 
correspondence, reproductions of Salvadoran documents, and 
other similar materials from January 1981 through January 1983 
relevant to the December 1981 massacre at El Mozote, El 
Salvador, and surrounding communities.
    Corrupt officials.--Not later than 90 days after enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of State, in consultation with the 
Secretary of the Treasury, shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report to include the following: (1) 
the names of senior government officials in Honduras, 
Guatemala, and El Salvador who are known to have committed or 
facilitated acts of grand corruption or narcotics trafficking; 
(2) the names of elected officials in Honduras, Guatemala, and 
El Salvador who are known to have received campaign funds that 
are the proceeds of narco-trafficking or other illicit 
activities in the last 2 years; and (3) the names of 
individuals in Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador who are 
known to have facilitated the financing of political campaigns 
in any of the Northern Triangle countries with the proceeds of 
narco-trafficking or other illicit activities in the last 2 
years. The report shall describe, for each individual, what 
steps have been taken, and are planned to be taken, and an 
assessment of whether to impose sanctions pursuant to the 
Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act (22 U.S.C. 
2656 note). The report should also explain, where appropriate, 
why sanctions under the Global Magnitsky Human Rights 
Accountability Act were not imposed. Such report shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.

Cuba

    Strategy update.--The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to submit to the Committees on Appropriations a report, 
not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, on steps 
taken during fiscal year 2020 to implement the comprehensive 
strategy on Cuba policy directed in House Report 116-78, 
including how such strategy is: (1) avoiding negative impacts 
on American businesses, including providing certainty for 
United States businesses legally operating in Cuba; and (2) 
supports the growth of a Cuban private sector independent of 
government control. Additionally, the report shall update 
progress towards returning staffing levels at the United States 
Embassy in Havana to previous levels and an update on the 
impact of the staffing reductions on embassy operations 
instituted in prior years, including visa processing.

Mexico

    Comprehensive strategy.--Not later than l80 days after 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in coordination 
with the USAID Administrator, shall develop a multi-year 
strategy for the Merida Initiative that will: (1) address how 
to leverage investment from the Mexican Government; (2) 
incorporate lessons learned from twelve years of Merida 
programming; and (3) connect local-level progress to macro-
level trends by establishing realistic goals to reduce violence 
and impunity in Mexico. Included in the strategy shall be a 
joint monitoring and evaluation (M&E) plan for both the 
Department of State and USAID for programs, projects, or 
activities implemented as part of the Merida Initiative. Also 
included shall be any plans for assistance for the Mexican 
National Guard. Such strategy and M&E plan shall be submitted 
to the appropriate congressional committees.
    Mexico human rights.--Not later than 45 days after 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall report to 
the Committees on Appropriations on the extent to which the 
Government of Mexico is: (1) credibly investigating and 
prosecuting violations of human rights in civilian courts; (2) 
enforcing prohibitions against torture and the use of testimony 
obtained through torture; and (3) searching for victims of 
forced disappearances and credibly investigating and 
prosecuting those responsible for such crimes. Additionally, 
the report shall discuss how assistance under the Merida 
program contributed to the objectives above.
    Mexican highways.--The Secretary of State shall provide a 
report to the Committees on Appropriations, not later than 180 
days after enactment of this Act, detailing its progress, 
findings, and any other relevant information with regard to the 
incidents of robbery, kidnapping, carjacking, extortion, and 
homicide of passenger and cargo vehicles on major highways in 
Mexico that connect to ports of entry along the United States 
Mexico border as well as the implementation of Mexico's Plan 
Carreteras Seguras (Safe Highways Pilot program).
    United States citizen minors in Mexico.--Not later than 180 
days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall 
submit to the Committees on Appropriations a report on United 
States citizen minors living in Mexico. Such report shall 
include: (1) the number of United States citizen minors living 
in Mexico; (2) the services (such as educational, medical, and 
other services as determined by the Secretary) such minors need 
and the difficulty of accessing such services; (3) 
documentation (including apostilled birth certificates and 
school records) required by such minors to obtain such 
services; and (4) the steps that the United States Embassy and 
consulates in Mexico are taking to address the needs of such 
United States citizen minors, including steps to facilitate 
apostilled birth certificates for such minors.

Subsection (d)--The Caribbean

    CBSI.--Not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act, 
the Committee directs the Secretary of State, in coordination 
with the USAID Administrator, to provide to the Committees on 
Appropriations a report on the uses of all funds provided for 
the CBSI on a country-by-country basis for each program, 
project, and activity for fiscal years 2010 through 2020, and 
integrate such information into the ForeignAssistance.gov 
website, as appropriate.

Other Report

    Mais Medicos program.--The Committee directs the Secretary 
of State to review and report to the Committees on 
Appropriations, not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
Act, on allegations that doctors and medical personnel 
participating in the Mais Medicos Program were denied fair 
compensation for their services, subjected to restrictions on 
movements by their Government, and had their families subjected 
to retaliation if they left the program. Such report shall 
assess the veracity of each of the allegations, the role of the 
Pan American Health Organization in the program, including any 
financial benefit, whether there is evidence of participants 
being subjects of surveillance by foreign intelligence 
agencies, and whether program participants were subjected to 
forced labor by their Government.
    Section 7046 (Europe and Eurasia) includes language 
modified from the prior year regarding Europe and Eurasia.
    Georgia.--The Committee recommends not less than 
$132,025,000 be made available from funds in this Act for 
assistance for Georgia. Such funds are allocated according to 
the following table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                                 GEORGIA
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia......             88,025
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..              5,700
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                     1,100
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              2,200
Foreign Military Financing Program...................             35,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee directs the Secretary of State and the USAID 
Administrator to prioritize programs aimed at strengthening the 
rule of law and democratic institutions to promote transparency 
and good governance. Ongoing threats by the Russian government 
underscore the importance of continuing United States foreign 
assistance to former communist countries, including Georgia, in 
their continued efforts in areas of democracy and the rule of 
law.
    Pursuant to subsection (a)(2), 15 percent of the funds made 
available under Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia 
for direct assistance to the central Government of Georgia may 
not be obligated until the Secretary of State determines and 
reports to the Committees on Appropriations that such 
government is taking effective steps to strengthen democratic 
institutions, combat corruption and ensure that the rule of law 
in the private sector is consistent with international 
recognized standards. The Committee notes and applauds the 
adoption of constitutional amendments to establish a 
proportional representation system on June 29, 2020, enacted as 
a result of an agreement among a majority of Georgian political 
parties.
    The Secretary shall, in making the determination with 
respect to whether the Government of Georgia is taking 
effective steps to strengthen democratic institutions in 
Georgia, consider whether such government is: (1) effectively 
implementing electoral reform; (2) respecting the independence 
of the judiciary, including from legislative or executive 
interference; (3) effectively implementing the necessary 
policies to ensure accountability and transparency, including 
unfettered access to public information; (4) protecting the 
rights of civil society, opposition political parties, and the 
independence of the media; and (5) limiting the informal 
influence of oligarchs over functions of government and the 
application of laws and regulations.
    Moldova.--The Committee recommends not less than the prior 
year enacted level for overall assistance to Moldova and 
directs that such assistance prioritize democracy assistance, 
good governance, justice sector independence, civil society, 
and protecting independent media.
    Ukraine.--The Committee recommends that not less than 
$453,000,000 be made available from funds in this Act, for 
assistance for Ukraine to be allocated according to the 
following table, subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                                 UKRAINE
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia......            255,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..             30,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                    15,000
 Related Programs....................................
International Military Education and Training........              2,900
Foreign Military Financing Program...................            115,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The bill includes additional assistance for Ukraine under 
Global Health Programs.
    The Committee supports the Ukrainian parliament's anti-
corruption reforms and efforts to further democratic progress 
in Ukraine. The Committee understands that such reforms require 
technical expertise and non-partisan legislative support and 
directs the Secretary of State and USAID Administrator to 
assist in the development of a non-partisan legislative office 
to conduct research and analysis in support of the Rada.
    The Committee continues to support efforts to boost 
economic opportunity for smallholder Ukrainian farmers, medium-
sized efficient producers, and rural women. The Committee is 
concerned that prohibitive financing rates for these producers 
hamper Ukraine's agricultural development and economic 
security. The Committee encourages the USAID Administrator to 
expand the availability of credit, including through 
microfinance, to increase productivity and marketability of 
Ukrainian smallholder agricultural products.
    The Committee supports the Department of State and USAID's 
efforts to strengthen cooperation with Ukraine on veterans' 
issues including bolstering psychosocial, health, and 
reintegration programs. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
State to facilitate exchanges and people-to-people ties between 
groups with veteran care experience in the United States, 
including Ukrainian diasporic groups, and Ukrainian medical 
veteran affairs professionals.
    Section 7047 (Countering Russian Influence and Aggression) 
includes language modified from the prior year regarding 
programs to counter Russian influence and aggression.
    Subsection (b) prohibits funds in this Act for the central 
government of a country that the Secretary of State determines 
and reports has taken affirmative steps to support the Russian 
annexation of Crimea or other territory in Ukraine. The 
Secretary may waive the prohibition if it is in the national 
interest.
    Subsection (c) continues the prohibition of funds in this 
Act for the central government of a country that the Secretary 
of State determines and reports has recognized the independence 
of, or has established diplomatic relations with, the Russian-
occupied Georgian territories of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali 
Region/South Ossetia. The Secretary may waive the prohibition 
if it is in the national interest. The Committee notes that the 
Assad regime in Syria recognized such territories in May 2018.
    Countering Russian Influence Fund.--The Committee 
recommends that not less than $290,000,000 be made available 
from funds in this Act for the Countering Russian Influence 
Fund to be allocated according to the following table, subject 
to section 7019 of this Act:

                    COUNTERING RUSSIAN INFLUENCE FUND
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia......             85,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..             50,000
International Military Education and Training........              5,000
Foreign Military Financing Program...................            150,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Subsection (e) specifies that not less than $20,000,000 of 
the funds made available under Assistance for Europe, Eurasia 
and Central Asia shall be made available to strengthen 
democracy and civil society in Central Europe, including for 
transparency, independent media, rule of law, minority rights, 
and programs to combat anti-Semitism.
    Section 7048 (United Nations) includes language modified 
from the prior year relating to conditions on funds for the UN 
and other international organizations.
    Transparency and Accountability.--Pursuant to subsection 
(a), not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of State shall report to the Committees on 
Appropriations on whether international organizations, 
including the United Nations and its specialized agencies, 
regional and Inter-American organizations, which receive 
assessed and voluntary contributions from the United States, 
are meeting the following transparency and accountability 
standards: (1) posting on a publicly available website, 
consistent with privacy regulations and due process, regular 
financial and programmatic audits of such organization, 
department, or agency, and providing the United States 
Government with necessary access to such financial and 
performance audits; (2) effectively implementing and enforcing 
policies and procedures which reflect best practices for the 
protection of whistle-blowers from retaliation, including best 
practices for: (A) protection against retaliation for internal 
and lawful public disclosures; (B) legal burdens of proof; (C) 
statutes of limitation for reporting retaliation; (D) access to 
independent adjudicative bodies, including external 
arbitration; and (E) results that eliminate the effects of 
proven retaliation; and (3) effectively implementing and 
enforcing policies and procedures on the appropriate use of 
travel funds, including restrictions on first-class and 
business-class travel.
    Section 7049 (War Crimes Tribunals) includes language 
carried in the prior year regarding authority for the President 
to draw down certain funds to support war crimes tribunals or 
commissions.
    Section 7050 (Global Internet Freedom) includes language 
modified from the prior year directing that not less than 
$68,000,000 be made available for programs to promote internet 
freedom globally and establishing certain limitations and 
conditions on the use of such funds. Within the total, 
$9,500,000 are from funds appropriated under International 
Broadcasting Operations and $58,500,000 are from funds 
appropriated under title III of this Act. Funds made available 
under title III shall be allocated according to the following 
table, subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                         GLOBAL INTERNET FREEDOM
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Account                          Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund................................             35,025
    of which, Near East Regional Democracy...........             16,750
Democracy Fund.......................................             17,500
    of which, Department of State....................             14,000
    of which, United States Agency for International               3,500
     Development.....................................
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia......
                                                      -------------5,975
    Subtotal, Global Internet Freedom, Title III.....             58,500
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Pursuant to section 7050(b)(1)(B) funds to promote internet 
freedom globally shall be made available: (1) to implement the 
cyberspace strategies of the Department of State and the 
comprehensive strategy to promote Internet freedom access to 
information in Iran, as required by section 414 of the Iran 
Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012; (2) for 
programs that support efforts of civil society to counter the 
development of repressive Internet-related laws; (3) for 
research of key threats to Internet freedom; and (4) for the 
continued development and implementation of technologies that 
provide or enhance access to the Internet, including 
circumvention tools that bypass Internet blocking, filtering, 
and other censorship techniques used by authoritarian 
governments.
    Section 7051 (Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or 
Degrading Treatment or Punishment) includes language carried in 
the prior year prohibiting funds for the use of torture.
    Section 7052 (Aircraft Transfer, Coordination, and Use) 
includes language carried in the prior year relating to 
aircraft transfer and coordination.
    Section 7053 (Parking Fines and Real Property Taxes Owed by 
Foreign Governments) includes language carried in the prior 
year relating to unpaid parking fines and real property taxes 
owed by foreign governments.
    Section 7054 (International Monetary Fund) includes 
language carried in the prior year regarding the International 
Monetary Fund.
    Section 7055 (Extradition) includes language carried in the 
prior year prohibiting funds for a country that does not 
cooperate in the extradition to the United States of certain 
individuals.
    Section 7056 (Impact on Jobs in the United States) includes 
language modified from the prior year establishing certain 
limitations on assistance that may impact jobs in the United 
States.
    The Committee encourages the Export-Import Bank and the DFC 
to weigh the impact on jobs in the United States in addition to 
environmental concerns when considering the approval of power-
generation projects abroad.
    Section 7057 (Disability Programs) includes language 
modified from the prior year regarding disability programs.
    Section 7058 (Enterprise Funds) includes language carried 
in the prior year establishing restrictions on enterprise 
funds.
    Section 7059 (Gender Equality) includes language modified 
from the prior year regarding programs that support gender 
equality.
    With respect to subsection (c), gender programs should 
incorporate coordinated efforts to combat a variety of forms of 
gender-based violence, including child marriage, rape, female 
genital cutting and mutilation, and domestic violence.
    Adolescent girl education.--The Committee encourages the 
Department of State to continue support for public-private 
partnerships that empower adolescent girls to pursue further 
education in the science, technology, engineering, art, and 
mathematics (STEAM) fields, including the Women in Science 
Girls STEAM Camp and the Alumni Thematic International Exchange 
Series.
    Women in security training.--The Committee remains 
concerned about the under representation of women in 
peacekeeping operations and International Military Education 
and Training programs and encourages the Department of State to 
ensure that funds appropriated by this Act are utilized to 
ensure greater participation and opportunities for women.
    Online safety.--The Committee is concerned about women's 
safety online and recommends funding for programs that promote 
and protect the safe usage of the Internet by providing 
training, resources, and support for a legal environment that 
respects their rights.

Reports

    Gender.--The Committee directs that, not later than 45 days 
after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in 
consultation with the USAID Administrator, shall submit a 
report to the Committees on Appropriations on programs 
supported by the Department of State and USAID on women's 
leadership, gender-based violence, and women at risk of 
extremism and the fulfillment of the requirements of this 
section. In addition, the report shall include the use of funds 
provided by this Act to support United States government 
efforts to empower women as equal partners in conflict 
prevention, peace building, transitional processes, and 
reconstruction efforts in countries affected by conflict or in 
political transition, and to ensure the equitable provision of 
relief and recovery assistance to women and girls.
    Gender-based violence in humanitarian settings.--The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State, in coordination with 
the USAID Administrator, not later than 90 days after enactment 
of this Act, to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations on the steps taken by the United States to 
prevent, mitigate, and respond to gender-based violence in 
humanitarian emergencies. The report should include an analysis 
of the key drivers of gender-based violence in such settings; 
gaps in response mechanisms; and of existing models to address 
such violence, such as Safe from the Start.
    Section 7060 (Sector Allocations) includes language 
modified from the prior year regarding assistance for programs 
related to basic education, higher education, environment, food 
security and agriculture development, microenterprise, programs 
to combat trafficking in persons, reconciliation, and water and 
sanitation.
    Basic education.--Of the funds made available by subsection 
(a)(1)(B), $100,000,000 is included for the Global Partnership 
for Education and $25,000,000 is included for Education Cannot 
Wait. The Committee expects that funds provided to Education 
Cannot Wait should be derived from funding accounts in a manner 
consistent with prior years.
    Pursuant to paragraph (2) of such amounts provided for 
higher education, after consultation with the Committees on 
Appropriations, not less than $35,000,000 shall be made 
available for human and institutional capacity building 
partnerships between higher education institutions in the 
United States and developing countries, including $15,000,000 
for new partnerships. The Committee directs USAID to initiate 
new competitive grants for partnerships of a sufficient length 
and size to make a transformational impact on colleges and 
universities in developing nations.
    Environment.--Pursuant to subparagraph (c)(2)(B), the 
Committee remains concerned about the crisis of wildlife 
trafficking and the continued negative effect it is having on 
international security and stability and the implications for 
endangered species. The Committee encourages the monitoring of 
wet markets and illegal wildlife trade that encourages poaching 
and have consequences for human health. The Committee notes 
that funds from biodiversity programs are used to meet the 
wildlife trafficking directive.
    The Committee recognizes the severity of poaching in Africa 
and the destabilizing effect it has on regional security, 
including by providing a significant source of financing for 
armed groups with links to transnational organized crime and 
terrorism. Funds should also be made available to expand 
wildlife trafficking programs in Central and South America to 
strengthen law enforcement and site-based conservation and 
anti-poaching measures. Consideration should be given to cross-
border programs, such as between Guatemala and Mexico. Funds 
for wildlife trafficking should be used to improve port and 
border security at key transit points; promote community-based 
approaches for wildlife protection; and support programs to 
reduce consumer demand.
    Based on the CARPE model, the Committee supports continuing 
and expanding transnational approaches throughout sub-Saharan 
Africa, including the Okavango River Basin. Funds made 
available to implement the Delta Act (Public Law 115-353) 
should focus on the headwaters of the Okavango Delta which 
originate in Angola and should integrate demining efforts, 
public private partnerships for conservation, prevention of 
wildlife trafficking and development of eco-tourism.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State, the USAID 
Administrator, and the Director of United States Fish and 
Wildlife Service to consult within 90 days of enactment of this 
Act with the Committees on Appropriations on the use of funds 
provided for programs to combat wildlife trafficking. Further, 
the Committee directs that the CBJ for fiscal year 2022 include 
country and program funding levels for such programs. The 
Committee also directs USAID and the Bureau of International 
Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs to include monitoring and 
evaluation components in wildlife trafficking implementation 
agreements and include data from such monitoring and evaluation 
efforts in its reports to Congress.
    The Committee directs the Department of State, in 
particular the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental 
and Scientific Affairs, to continue fostering scientific 
dialogue and technical exchange on climate issues.
    National Parks and Protected Areas.--Funds made available 
for national parks and protected areas should only be made 
available if agreements for the obligation of funds between 
implementing partners and the Department of State and USAID 
include provisions requiring that: (1) information detailing 
the proposed project and potential impacts is shared with local 
communities and the free, prior, and informed consent of 
affected indigenous communities is obtained in accordance with 
international standards; (2) the potential impacts of the 
proposed project on existing land or re-source claims by 
affected local communities or indigenous peoples are considered 
and addressed in any management plan; (3) any eco-guards, park 
rangers, and other law enforcement personnel authorized to 
protect biodiversity will be properly trained and monitored; 
and (4) effective grievance and redress mechanisms for victims 
of human rights violations and other misconduct exist. Funds 
made available for the management of national parks and 
protected areas may be made available to support implementation 
of the above requirements, and implementing partners shall 
provide information on these requirements to the Department of 
State and USAID on request. The Secretary of State and USAID 
Administrator shall consult with the Committees on 
Appropriations not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act on the implementation of these requirements.
    Pursuant to subsection (f), $67,000,000 is included for 
programs to combat trafficking in persons under Development 
Assistance, Economic Support Fund, Assistance for Europe, 
Eurasia and Central Asia, and International Narcotics Control 
and Law Enforcement to be coordinated by the Office to Monitor 
and Combat Trafficking in Persons. Of the amounts provided, 
$45,000,000 is included under International Narcotics Control 
and Law Enforcement. The Committee directs that $5,000,000 of 
such funds be made available for child protection compacts. The 
Committee expects that funds will be prioritized for countries 
with the greatest need and continue to support child protection 
compacts pursuant to Public Law 113-94.
    The Committee notes an additional $16,000,000 is provided 
under Diplomatic Programs for the operational costs of the 
Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, which is 
described further under title I of this report.
    In addition to funds made available pursuant to subsection 
(f), the Committee includes $25,000,000 under International 
Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement to support programs to 
end modern slavery.

Reports

    Basic education obligations.--Pursuant to subsection 
(a)(1), the Committee directs that not later than 30 days after 
enactment of this Act and quarterly thereafter until September 
30, 2020, the USAID Administrator shall report to the 
Committees on Appropriations on the status of cumulative 
unobligated balances and obligated, but unexpended, balances in 
each country where USAID provides basic education assistance 
and such report shall also include details on the types of 
contracts and grants provided and the goals and objectives of 
such assistance.
    Food security.--The Committee directs the USAID 
Administrator to submit a report to the Committees on 
Appropriations not later than 45 days after enactment of this 
Act and every 90 days thereafter until September 30, 2021, 
detailing the funds obligated, as well as obligated, but 
unexpended, balances for food security-related activities 
funded under International Disaster Assistance and Development 
Assistance.
    Resources to combat human trafficking.--Pursuant to 
subsection (f), the Committee directs that, not later than 45 
days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in 
consultation with the USAID Administrator, submit a report to 
the Committees on Appropriations on obligations and 
expenditures of all fiscal year 2020 funds managed by the 
Department of State and USAID to combat human trafficking and 
forced labor. The report shall include funding by program, 
project, and activity and describe the management structure at 
the Department of State and USAID used to program such funds.
    Section 7061 (Budget Documents) includes language modified 
from the prior year requiring operating and spend plans for 
funds appropriated by this Act.
    Section 7062 (Reorganization) includes language carried in 
the prior year concerning consultation, notification, and 
reporting requirements involving any agency reorganization.
    Section 7063 (Department of State Management) includes 
language carried in the prior year regarding management of the 
Department of State including financial management, personnel 
levels, and information technology.
    Section 7064 (United States Agency for International 
Development Management) includes language carried in the prior 
year regarding management of USAID including personnel levels 
and hiring authorities.
    Adaptive Personnel Project.--The Committee recommendation 
does not include funding for USAID's proposed Adaptive 
Personnel Project under Operating Expenses nor does it 
authorize the use of program funds for such purposes. The 
Committee directs the USAID Administrator to consult with and 
notify the Committees on Appropriations prior to the use of any 
new hiring authority that requires the approval of the Office 
of Personnel Management.
    Section 7065 (Stabilization and Development in Regions 
Impacted by Extremism and Conflict) includes language modified 
from the prior year related to assistance to regions impacted 
by extremism and conflict.
    Subsection (a) reflects the enactment of the Global 
Fragility Act of 2019 (title V of division J of Public Law 116-
94) and specifies funds for the Prevention and Stabilization 
Fund rather than, as in prior years, the Relief and Recovery 
Fund.
    Prevention and Stabilization Fund.--The Committee 
recommendation provides that, from amounts made available by 
this Act, up to $100,000,000 shall be made available for the 
Prevention and Stabilization Fund, to be allocated according to 
the following table and subject to section 7019 of this Act:

                    PREVENTION AND STABILIZATION FUND
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Account/Program                      Budget Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Economic Support Fund:...............................             65,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement:.             10,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and                    10,000
 Related Programs:...................................
Peacekeeping Operations:.............................             15,000
    Total, Prevention and Stabilization Fund.........            100,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Unarmed civilian protection.--The Committee directs the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with the USAID 
Administrator, to provide funds for use of unarmed civilian 
protection organizations and evaluate the potential use of such 
organizations to provide direct physical protection to civilian 
populations, to strengthen the local non-violent peacekeeping 
capacity of communities currently experiencing or at risk of 
violent conflict, and to assist United States-funded 
stabilization efforts. The Secretary shall consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations on such programs.
    Section 7066 (Prohibition on Funding for Abortions and 
Involuntary Sterilization) includes language carried in the 
prior year prohibiting funding for abortions and involuntary 
sterilization.
    Section 7067 (United Nations Population Fund) includes 
language modified from the prior year regarding assistance 
provided to UNFPA and to address women's health. In exercising 
the direction in subsection (b), consideration should be given 
to allocating assistance to populations and geographic areas 
affected by the decision to reprogram funds.
    Section 7068 (Global Health Activities) includes language 
modified from the prior year regarding global health 
activities; providing certain authorities to better prepare 
for, and respond to, emerging health threats; and consolidates 
other global health requirements previously carried under other 
sections of the bill. The Committee recognizes the unique role 
of the WHO in the implementation of the International Health 
Regulations and the monitoring of, and response to, public 
health emergencies of international concern.

Report

    Review.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State and 
USAID Administrator, in coordination with other relevant 
agencies, to conduct a review of the international response to 
the COVID-19 pandemic not later than 45 days after enactment of 
this Act. The review shall detail lessons learned from the 
international response and make recommendations for ways to 
improve the sharing of global best practices. The outcome of 
such review shall be shared with the appropriate congressional 
committees and include how the United States government is 
incorporating these best practices and lessons learned into 
current and future outbreak response policies and guidance and 
what regulatory and legislative changes are necessary to 
improve pandemic preparedness and response in the future.
    Section 7069 (Assistance for Foreign Nongovernmental 
Organizations) includes new language regarding restrictions on 
foreign nongovernmental organizations.
    Section 7070 (Designation) includes language designating 
funding in this Act as OCO/GWOT requirement only if the 
President subsequently designates such amounts. The Committee 
notes that funds designated as OCO/GWOT are included under the 
relevant headings.

 TITLE VIII--CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE EMERGENCY 
                                FUNDING


                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE


                   Administration of Foreign Affairs


                          DIPLOMATIC PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$955,000,000 for Diplomatic Programs for necessary expenses to 
prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus. Such funds 
remain available until September 30, 2022 and are made 
available as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$4,400,000 for Office of Inspector General for oversight of 
funds made available to the Department of State to prevent, 
prepare for, and respond to coronavirus. Such funds remain 
available until September 30, 2022 and are made available as an 
emergency requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)A)(i) of 
BBEDCA.

           UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                           OPERATING EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$105,000,000 for Operating Expenses to prevent, prepare for, 
and respond to coronavirus and for other operations and 
maintenance requirements related to the consequences of 
coronavirus. Such funds remain available until September 30, 
2022 and are made available as an emergency requirement 
pursuant to section 251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$3,000,000 for Office of Inspector General for oversight of 
funds made available to the United States Agency for 
International Development to prevent, prepare for, and respond 
to coronavirus. Such funds remain available until September 30, 
2022 and are made available as an emergency requirement 
pursuant to section 251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

                     BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                         GLOBAL HEALTH PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$2,500,000,000 for Global Health Programs for necessary 
expenses to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus. 
Such funds remain available until September 30, 2022 and are 
made available as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

                         DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$900,000,000 for Development Assistance for necessary expenses 
to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus. Such funds 
remain available until September 30, 2022 and are made 
available as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

                   INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$1,125,000,000 for International Disaster Assistance for 
necessary expenses to prevent, prepare for, and respond to 
coronavirus. Such funds remain available until expended and are 
made available as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

                         ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$1,500,000,000 for Economic Support Fund for necessary expenses 
to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus, including 
to address related economic and stabilization requirements. 
Such funds remain available until September 30, 2022 and are 
made available as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

            ASSISTANCE FOR EUROPE, EURASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$500,000,000 for Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central 
Asia for necessary expenses to prevent, prepare for, and 
respond to coronavirus, including to address related economic 
and stabilization requirements. Such funds remain available 
until September 30, 2022 and are made available as an emergency 
requirement pursuant to section 251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

                          Department of State


                    MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$1,125,000,000 for Migration and Refugee Assistance for 
necessary expenses to prevent, prepare for, and respond to 
coronavirus. Such funds remain available until expended and are 
made available as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

                          Independent Agencies


                       INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$10,000,000 for Inter-American Foundation for necessary 
expenses to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus. 
Such funds remain available until September 30, 2022 and are 
made available as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

              UNITED STATES AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$10,000,000 for United States African Development Foundation 
for necessary expenses to prevent, prepare for, and respond to 
coronavirus. Such funds remain available until September 30, 
2022 and are made available as an emergency requirement 
pursuant to section 251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

                        MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE


                  Funds Appropriated to the President


                INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$1,281,150,000 for International Organizations and Programs for 
necessary expenses to prevent, prepare for, and respond to 
coronavirus and to support the United Nations Global 
Humanitarian Response Plan COVID-19 for voluntary contributions 
to the United Nations and International Organizations 
including, the World Health Organization, the United Nations 
Children's Fund, and the United Nations Development Program. 
Such funds remain available until September 30, 2022 and are 
made available as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
251(b)(2)A)(i) of BBEDCA.

                     GENERAL PROVISIONS--THIS TITLE

    Section 8001 (Transfers and Limitations) includes language 
applying certain transfer authority and limitations from 
section 402 of the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response 
Supplemental Appropriations Act (division A of Public Law 116-
123).
    Section 8002 (Reimbursement Authority) includes language 
providing authority to use funds appropriated under certain 
accounts in this title to reimburse such accounts for 
obligations incurred to prevent, prepare for, and respond to 
coronavirus.
    Section 8003 (Reporting Requirements) includes language 
applying the reporting requirements of section 406(b) of the 
Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental 
Appropriations Act, 2020 (division A of Public Law 116-123) to 
funds appropriated in this title.
    Section 8004 (Contribution Authority) includes language 
applying to funds appropriated in this title under Global 
Health Programs and Economic Support Fund the authority of 
section 404 of the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response 
Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2020 (division A of Public Law 
116-123) to make such funds available as contributions to 
international organizations.
    Section 8005 (Repatriation Loans Program Account) includes 
language amending section 21005 of the Emergency Appropriations 
for Coronavirus Health Response and Agency Operations (division 
B of Public Law 116-136) concerning the Repatriation Loans 
Program Account to increase the loan volume limitation for 
fiscal year 2020 from ``$5,563,619'' to ``$15,463,619''.
    Section 8006 (Consular Services) includes language amending 
section 21009 of the Emergency Appropriations for Coronavirus 
Health Response and Agency Operations (division B of Public Law 
116-136) extending through fiscal year 2021 the authority to 
utilize certain passport and immigrant visa surcharges for 
consular services.
    Section 8007 (Definition) includes language defining the 
term ``coronavirus'' for the purposes of this title.
    Section 8008 (Designation) includes language designating 
funding in this title as emergency requirement only if the 
President subsequently designates such amounts.

        TITLE IX--MIDDLE EAST PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE ACT OF 2020

    Amends Chapter 4 of Part II of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.) by adding a new section 535 
(People-To-People Partnership For Peace Fund), establishes a 
joint investment for peace initiative, and authorizes 
$50,000,000 for each of the first five fiscal years after the 
date of enactment of the Middle East Partnership for Peace Act 
of 2020.

             House of Representatives Reporting Requirement

    The following materials are submitted in accordance with 
various requirements of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives:


         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is a statement of 
general performance goals and objectives for which this measure 
authorizes funding: The Committee on Appropriations considers 
program performance, including a program's success in 
developing and attaining outcome-related goals and objectives, 
in developing funding recommendations.

                              Rescissions

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following table is submitted 
describing the rescissions recommended in the accompanying 
bill:

 
 
 
Economic Support Fund.................................       $45,000,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement...        30,000,000
 

                           Transfers of Funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following list includes the 
transfers of funds included in the accompanying bill:
    In title I, under Diplomatic Programs, language is included 
to transfer funds to Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular 
Service for emergency evacuations and rewards.
    In title I, under Emergencies in the Diplomatic and 
Consular Service, language is included to transfer funds to 
Repatriation Loans Program.
    In title I, under United States Agency for Global Media 
International Broadcasting Operations, language is included to 
transfer funds from the USAGM Buying Power Maintenance account 
to International Broadcasting Operations.
    In title III, under Economic Support Fund, language is 
included to transfer funds to the International Broadcasting 
Operations for international communications activities.
    In title III, under Assistance for Eastern Europe, Eurasia 
and Central Asia, language is included to transfer funds to 
Economic Support Fund for joint dialogues in support of the 
Eastern Mediterranean Partnership.
    In title III, under United States Emergency Refugee and 
Migration Assistance Fund, language is included to transfer 
funds to Migration and Refugee Assistance in excess of the 
limitation carried in underlying authority.
    In title III, under Peace Corps, language is included to 
transfer funds to the Foreign Currency Fluctuations Account and 
to transfer funds to other departments and agencies.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7009 to 
transfer funds under title I for the Department of State and 
the United States Agency for Global Media.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7009 to 
transfer funds under title III for the United States 
International Development Finance Corporation.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7009 to 
transfer funds under Peacekeeping Operations and Foreign 
Military Financing Program that are designated Overseas 
Contingency/Global War on Terrorism to such funds under such 
headings.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7034 to 
transfer funds to Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials 
from unobligated balances of expired funds under Diplomatic 
Programs for extraordinary protection.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7035 to 
transfer funds under Peacekeeping Operations and Foreign 
Military Financing Program to Global Security Contingency Fund.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7044 to 
transfer funds under Diplomatic Programs to any other 
appropriation of any department of agency of the United States 
Government to support operations and assistance in Afghanistan.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7064 to 
transfer funds from the program account to funds under 
Operating Expenses in title II.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7065 to 
transfer funds under Economic Support Fund, International 
Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement, Non-proliferation, Anti-
terrorism, Demining and Related Programs, Peacekeeping 
Operations, and Foreign Military Financing Program to the 
Prevention and Stabilization Fund.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7067 to 
transfer funds provided for UNFPA to Global Health Programs.
    Under title VII, language is included under section 7068(b) 
to authorize the transfer of funds between accounts under title 
III to respond to a Public Health Emergency of International 
Concern.
    Under title VIII, language is included under section 8001 
allowing transfers between and among accounts appropriated 
under title VIII.

   Disclosure of Earmarks and Congressionally Directed Spending Items

    Pursuant to clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House 
of Representatives, neither the bill nor this report contain 
any congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited 
tariff benefits as defined in clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives.

          Compliance With Rule XIII, Cl. 3(e) (Ramseyer Rule)

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italics, existing law in which no change 
is proposed is shown in roman):

      FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS 
                        APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 1990




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



       establishing categories of aliens for purposes of refugee 
                             determinations

  Sec. 599D. (a) In General.--In the case of an alien who is 
within a category of aliens established under subsection (b), 
the alien may establish, for purposes of admission as a refugee 
under section 207 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, that 
the alien has a well-founded fear of persecution on account of 
race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social 
group, or political opinion by asserting such a fear and 
asserting a credible basis for concern about the possibility of 
such persecution.
  (b) Establishment of Categories.--
          (1) For purposes of subsection (a), the Attorney 
        General, in consultation with the Secretary of State 
        and the Coordinator for Refugee Affairs, shall 
        establish--
                  (A) one or more categories of aliens who are 
                or were nationals and residents of an 
                independent state of the former Soviet Union or 
                of Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania and who share 
                common characteristics that identify them as 
                targets of persecution in that state on account 
                of race, religion, nationality, membership in a 
                particular social group, or political opinion,
                  (B) one or more categories of aliens who are 
                or were nationals and residents of Vietnam, 
                Laos, or Cambodia and who share common 
                characteristics that identify them as targets 
                of persecution in such respective foreign state 
                on such an account; and
          (C) one or more categories of aliens who are or were 
        nationals and residents of the Islamic Republic or Iran 
        who, as members of a religious minority in Iran, share 
        common characteristics that identify them as targets of 
        persecution in that state on account of race, religion, 
        nationality, membership in a particular social group, 
        or political opinion.
          (2)(A) Aliens who are (or were) nationals and 
        residents of an independent state of the former Soviet 
        Union or of Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania and who are 
        Jews or Evangelical Christians shall be deemed a 
        category of alien established under paragraph (1)(A).
          (B) Aliens who are (or were) nationals of an 
        independent state of the former Soviet Union or of 
        Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania and who are current 
        members of, and demonstrate public, active, and 
        continuous participation (or attempted participation) 
        in the religious activities of, the Ukrainian Catholic 
        Church or the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, shall be 
        deemed a category of alien established under paragraph 
        (1)(A).
          (C) Aliens who are (or were) nationals and residents 
        of Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia and who are members of 
        categories of individuals determined, by the Attorney 
        General in accordance with ``Immigration and 
        Naturalization Service Worldwide Guidelines for 
        Overseas Refugee Processing'' (issued by the 
        Immigration and Naturalization Service in August 1983) 
        shall be deemed a category of alien established under 
        paragraph (1)(B).
          (3) Within the number of admissions of refugees 
        allocated for each of fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992 
        for refugees who are nationals of the Soviet Union 
        under section 207(a)(3) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (and within the number of such 
        admissions allocated for each of fiscal years 1993, 
        1994, 1995, and 1996 for refugees who are nationals of 
        the independent states of the former Soviet Union, 
        Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania under such section) and 
        within the number of such admissions allocated for each 
        of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 
        1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 
        2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 
        2017, 2018, 2019, [and 2020] 2020, and 2021 for 
        refugees who are nationals of the independent states of 
        the former Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania 
        under such section, notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, the President shall allocate one thousand of 
        such admissions for such fiscal year to refugees who 
        are within the category of aliens described in 
        paragraph (2)(B).
  (c) Written Reasons for Denials of Refugee Status.--Each 
decision to deny an application for refugee status of an alien 
who is within a category established under this section shall 
be in writing and shall state, to the maximum extent feasible, 
the reason for the denial.
  (d) Permitting Certain Aliens Within Categories to Reapply 
for Refugee Status.--Each alien who is within a category 
established under this section and who (after August 14, 1988, 
and before the date of the enactment of this Act) was denied 
refugee status shall be permitted to reapply for such status. 
Such an application shall be determined taking into account the 
application of this section.
  (e) Period of Application.--
          (1) Subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and shall only apply 
        to applications for refugee status submitted before 
        October 1, [2020] 2021.
          (2) Subsection (c) shall apply to decisions made 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act and before 
        October 1, [2020] 2021.
          (3) Subsection (d) shall take effect on the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and shall only apply to 
        reapplications for refugee status submitted before 
        October 1, [2020] 2021.

    adjustment of status for certain soviet and indochinese parolees

  Sec. 599E. (a) In General.--The Attorney General shall adjust 
the status of an alien described in subsection (b) to that of 
an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the 
alien--
          (1) applies for such adjustment,
          (2) has been physically present in the United States 
        for at least 1 year and is physically present in the 
        United States on the date the application for such 
        adjustment is filed,
          (3) is admissible to the United States as an 
        immigrant, except as provided in subsection (c), and
          (4) pays a fee (determined by the Attorney General) 
        for the processing of such application.
  (b) Aliens Eligible for Adjustment of Status.--The benefits 
provided in subsection (a) shall only apply to an alien who--
          (1) was a national of an independent state of the 
        former Soviet Union or of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, 
        Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia, and
          (2) was inspected and granted parole into the United 
        States during the period beginning on August 15, 1988, 
        and ending on September 30, [2020] 2021, after being 
        denied refugee status.
  (c) Waiver of Certain Grounds for Inadmissibility.--The 
provisions of paragraphs (4), (5), and (7)(A) of section 212(a) 
of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall not apply to 
adjustment of status under this section and the Attorney 
General may waive any other provision of such section (other 
than paragraph (2)(C) or subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (E) of 
paragraph (3)) with respect to such an adjustment for 
humanitarian purposes, to assure family unity, or when it is 
otherwise in the public interest.
  (d) Date of Approval.--Upon the approval of such an 
application for adjustment of status, the Attorney General 
shall create a record of the alien's admission as a lawful 
permanent resident as of the date of the alien's inspection and 
parole described in subsection (b)(2).
  (e) No Offset in Number of Visas Available.--When an alien is 
granted the status of having been lawfully admitted for 
permanent residence under this section, the Secretary of State 
shall not be required to reduce the number of immigrant visas 
authorized to be issued under the Immigration and Nationality 
Act.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                  AFGHAN ALLIES PROTECTION ACT OF 2009




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
   DIVISION F--DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, AND 
EDUCATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2009

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



                               TITLE VI--


AFGHAN ALLIES PROTECTION ACT OF 2009

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



SEC. 602. PROTECTION FOR AFGHAN ALLIES.

  (a) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
means--
          (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, and the Committee on the Judiciary 
        of the Senate; and
          (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on the Judiciary of 
        the House of Representatives.
  (b) Special Immigrant Status for Certain Afghans.--
          (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, or, notwithstanding any 
        other provision of law, the Secretary of State in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
        may provide an alien described in subparagraph (A), 
        (B), or (C) of paragraph (2) with the status of a 
        special immigrant under section 101(a)(27) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(27)), 
        if the alien--
                  (A) or an agent acting on behalf of the 
                alien, submits a petition for classification 
                under section 203(b)(4) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 
                1153(b)(4));
                  (B) is otherwise eligible to receive an 
                immigrant visa;
                  (C) is otherwise admissible to the United 
                States for permanent residence (excluding the 
                grounds for inadmissibility specified in 
                section 212(a)(4) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 
                1182(a)(4)); and
                  (D) clears a background check and appropriate 
                screening, as determined by the Secretary of 
                Homeland Security.
          (2) Aliens described.--
                  (A) Principal aliens.--An alien is described 
                in this subparagraph if the alien--
                          (i) is a citizen or national of 
                        Afghanistan;
                          (ii) was or is employed in 
                        Afghanistan on or after October 7, 
                        2001, for not less than 1 year, or, if 
                        submitting a petition after September 
                        30, 2015, for a period of not less than 
                        2 years--
                                  (I) by, or on behalf of, the 
                                United States Government; or
                                  (II) by the International 
                                Security Assistance Force (or 
                                any successor name for such 
                                Force) in a capacity that 
                                required the alien--
                                          (aa) while traveling 
                                        off-base with United 
                                        States military 
                                        personnel stationed at 
                                        International Security 
                                        Assistance Force (or 
                                        any successor name for 
                                        such Force), to serve 
                                        as an interpreter or 
                                        translator for such 
                                        United States military 
                                        personnel; or
                                          (bb) to perform 
                                        sensitive and trusted 
                                        activities for United 
                                        States military 
                                        personnel stationed at 
                                        International Security 
                                        Assistance Force (or 
                                        any successor name for 
                                        such Force);
                          (iii) provided faithful and valuable 
                        service to an entity or organization 
                        described in clause (ii), which is 
                        documented in a positive recommendation 
                        or evaluation, subject to subparagraph 
                        (D), from the employee's senior 
                        supervisor or the person currently 
                        occupying that position, or a more 
                        senior person, if the employee's senior 
                        supervisor has left the employer or has 
                        left Afghanistan; and
                          (iv) has experienced or is 
                        experiencing an ongoing serious threat 
                        as a consequence of the alien's 
                        employment described in clause (ii).
                  (B) Spouse or child.--An alien is described 
                in this subparagraph if the alien--
                          (i) is the spouse or child of a 
                        principal alien described in 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                          (ii) is accompanying or following to 
                        join the principal alien in the United 
                        States.
                  (C) Surviving spouse or child.--An alien is 
                described in this subparagraph if the alien--
                          (i) was the spouse or child of a 
                        principal alien described in 
                        subparagraph (A) who had a petition for 
                        classification approved pursuant to 
                        this section or section 1059 of the 
                        National Defense Authorization Act for 
                        Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 8 
                        U.S.C. 1101 note) which included the 
                        alien as an accompanying spouse or 
                        child; and
                          (ii) due to the death of the 
                        principal alien--
                                  (I) such petition was revoked 
                                or terminated (or otherwise 
                                rendered null); and
                                  (II) such petition would have 
                                been approved if the principal 
                                alien had survived.
                  (D) Approval by chief of mission required.--
                          (i) In general.--Except as provided 
                        under clause (ii), a recommendation or 
                        evaluation required under subparagraph 
                        (A)(iii) shall be accompanied by 
                        approval from the appropriate Chief of 
                        Mission, or the designee of the 
                        appropriate Chief of Mission, who shall 
                        conduct a risk assessment of the alien 
                        and an independent review of records 
                        maintained by the United States 
                        Government or hiring organization or 
                        entity to confirm employment and 
                        faithful and valuable service to the 
                        United States Government prior to 
                        approval of a petition under this 
                        section.
                          (ii) Review process for denial by 
                        chief of mission.--
                                  (I) In general.--An applicant 
                                who has been denied Chief of 
                                Mission approval shall--
                                          (aa) receive a 
                                        written decision that 
                                        provides, to the 
                                        maximum extent 
                                        feasible, information 
                                        describing the basis 
                                        for the denial, 
                                        including the facts and 
                                        inferences underlying 
                                        the individual 
                                        determination; and
                                          (bb) be provided not 
                                        more than one written 
                                        appeal--
                                                  (AA) that 
                                                shall be 
                                                submitted not 
                                                more than 120 
                                                days after the 
                                                date that the 
                                                applicant 
                                                receives such 
                                                decision in 
                                                writing; and
                                                  (BB) that may 
                                                request 
                                                reopening of 
                                                such decision 
                                                and provide 
                                                additional 
                                                information, 
                                                clarify 
                                                existing 
                                                information, or 
                                                explain any 
                                                unfavorable 
                                                information.
                                  (II) Afghan special immigrant 
                                visa coordinator.--The 
                                Secretary of State shall 
                                designate, in the Embassy of 
                                the United States in Kabul, 
                                Afghanistan, an Afghan Special 
                                Immigrant Visa Coordinator 
                                responsible for overseeing the 
                                efficiency and integrity of the 
                                processing of special immigrant 
                                visas under this section, who 
                                shall be given--
                                          (aa) sufficiently 
                                        high security clearance 
                                        to review information 
                                        supporting Chief of 
                                        Mission denials if an 
                                        appeal of a denial is 
                                        filed;
                                          (bb) responsibility 
                                        for ensuring that an 
                                        applicant described in 
                                        subclause (I) receives 
                                        the information 
                                        described in subclause 
                                        (I)(aa); and
                                          (cc) responsibility 
                                        for ensuring that every 
                                        applicant is provided a 
                                        reasonable opportunity 
                                        to provide additional 
                                        information, clarify 
                                        existing information, 
                                        or explain any 
                                        unfavorable information 
                                        pursuant to clause 
                                        (I)(bb).
                  (E) Evidence of serious threat.--A credible 
                sworn statement depicting dangerous country 
                conditions, together with official evidence of 
                such country conditions from the United States 
                Government, should be considered as a factor in 
                determination of whether the alien has 
                experienced or is experiencing an ongoing 
                serious threat as a consequence of the alien's 
                employment by the United States Government for 
                purposes of subparagraph (A)(iv).
                  (F) Representation.--An alien applying for 
                admission to the United States pursuant to this 
                title may be represented during the application 
                process, including at relevant interviews and 
                examinations, by an attorney or other 
                accredited representative. Such representation 
                shall not be at the expense of the United 
                States Government.
          (3) Numerical limitations.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (C), the total number of principal 
                aliens who may be provided special immigrant 
                status under this section may not exceed 1,500 
                per year for each of the fiscal years 2009, 
                2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013.
                  (B) Exclusion from numerical limitations.--
                Aliens provided special immigrant status under 
                this subsection shall not be counted against 
                any numerical limitation under sections 201(d), 
                202(a), or 203(b)(4) of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1151(d), 1152(a), and 
                1153(b)(4)).
                  (C) Carry forward.--
                          (i) Fiscal years 2009 through 2013.--
                        If the numerical limitation specified 
                        in subparagraph (A) is not reached 
                        during a given fiscal year, with 
                        respect to fiscal year 2009, 2010, 
                        2011, 2012, or 2013, the numerical 
                        limitation specified in such 
                        subparagraph for the following fiscal 
                        year shall be increased by a number 
                        equal to the difference between--
                                  (I) the numerical limitation 
                                specified in subparagraph (A) 
                                for the given fiscal year; and
                                  (II) the number of principal 
                                aliens provided special 
                                immigrant status under this 
                                section during the given fiscal 
                                year.
                          (ii) Fiscal year 2014.--If the 
                        numerical limitation determined under 
                        clause (i) is not reached in fiscal 
                        year 2013, the total number of 
                        principal aliens who may be provided 
                        special immigrant status under this 
                        subsection for fiscal year 2014 shall 
                        be equal to the difference between--
                                  (I) the numerical limitation 
                                determined under clause (i) for 
                                fiscal year 2013; and
                                  (II) the number of principal 
                                aliens provided such status 
                                under this section during 
                                fiscal year 2013.
                  (D) Additional fiscal year.--For fiscal year 
                2014, the total number of principal aliens who 
                may be provided special immigrant status under 
                this section may not exceed 3,000, except that 
                any unused balance of the total number of 
                principal aliens who may be provided special 
                immigrant status in fiscal year 2014 may be 
                carried forward and provided through the end of 
                fiscal year 2015, notwithstanding the 
                provisions of paragraph (C), except that the 
                one year period during which an alien must have 
                been employed in accordance with subsection 
                (b)(2)(A)(ii) shall be the period from October 
                7, 2001 through December 31, 2014, and except 
                that the principal alien seeking special 
                immigrant status under this subparagraph shall 
                apply to the Chief of Mission in accordance 
                with subsection (b)(2)(D) no later than 
                September 30, 2014.
                  (E) Special rule for end of calendar year 
                2014.--
                          (i) In general.--During the period 
                        beginning on the date of the enactment 
                        of this subparagraph and ending on 
                        December 31, 2014, an additional 1,000 
                        principal aliens may be provided 
                        special immigrant status under this 
                        section. For purposes of status 
                        provided under this subparagraph--
                                  (I) the period during which 
                                an alien must have been 
                                employed in accordance with 
                                paragraph (2)(A)(ii) must 
                                terminate on or before December 
                                31, 2014;
                                  (II) the principal alien 
                                seeking special immigrant 
                                status under this subparagraph 
                                shall apply to the Chief of 
                                Mission in accordance with 
                                paragraph (2)(D) not later than 
                                December 31, 2014; and
                                  (III) the authority to 
                                provide such status shall 
                                terminate on December 31, 2014.
                          (ii) Construction.--Clause (i) shall 
                        not be construed to affect the 
                        authority, numerical limitations, or 
                        terms for provision of status, under 
                        subparagraph (D).
                  (F) Fiscal years [2015 through 2020] 2015 
                through 2021.--In addition to any unused 
                balance under subparagraph (D), for the period 
                beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
                subparagraph until such time that available 
                special immigrant visas under subparagraphs (D) 
                and (E) and this subparagraph are exhausted,, 
                the total number of principal aliens who may be 
                provided special immigrant status under this 
                section shall not exceed [22,500] 26,500. For 
                purposes of status provided under this 
                subparagraph--
                          (i) the period during which an alien 
                        must have been employed in accordance 
                        with paragraph (2)(A)(ii) must 
                        terminate on or before [December 31, 
                        2021] December 31, 2022
                          (ii) the principal alien seeking 
                        special immigrant status under this 
                        subparagraph shall apply to the Chief 
                        of Mission in accordance with paragraph 
                        (2)(D) not later than [December 31, 
                        2021] December 31, 2022 and
                          (iii) the authority to issue visas 
                        shall commence on the date of the 
                        enactment of this subparagraph and 
                        shall terminate on the date such visas 
                        are exhausted.
          (4) Application process.--
                  (A) In general.--Not later than 120 days 
                after the date of the enactment of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, 
                the Secretary of State and the Secretary of 
                Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
                Secretary of Defense, shall improve the 
                efficiency by which applications for special 
                immigrant visas under paragraph (1), are 
                processed so that all steps under the control 
                of the respective departments incidental to the 
                issuance of such visas, including required 
                screenings and background checks, should be 
                completed not later than 9 months after the 
                date on which an eligible alien submits all 
                required materials to complete an application 
                for such visa.
                  (B) Construction.--Nothing in this section 
                shall be construed to limit the ability of a 
                Secretary referred to in subparagraph (A) to 
                take longer than 9 months to complete those 
                steps incidental to the issuance of such visas 
                in high-risk cases for which satisfaction of 
                national security concerns requires additional 
                time.
                  (C) Prohibition on fees.--The Secretary of 
                Homeland Security or the Secretary of State may 
                not charge an alien described in subparagraph 
                (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (2) any fee in 
                connection with an application for, or issuance 
                of, a special immigrant visa under this 
                section.
          (5) Assistance with passport issuance.--The Secretary 
        of State shall make a reasonable effort to ensure that 
        an alien described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of 
        paragraph (2) who is issued a special immigrant visa 
        pursuant to this subsection is provided with the 
        appropriate series Afghan passport necessary to enter 
        the United States.
          (6) Protection of aliens.--The Secretary of State, in 
        consultation with the heads of other appropriate 
        Federal agencies, shall make a reasonable effort to 
        provide an alien described in subparagraph (A), (B), or 
        (C) of paragraph (2) who is seeking special immigrant 
        status under this subsection protection or to 
        immediately remove such alien from Afghanistan, if 
        possible, if the Secretary determines, after 
        consultation, that such alien is in imminent danger.
          (7) Other eligibility for immigrant status.--No alien 
        shall be denied the opportunity to apply for admission 
        under this subsection solely because such alien 
        qualifies as an immediate relative or is eligible for 
        any other immigrant classification.
          (8) Resettlement support.--A citizen or national of 
        Afghanistan who is granted special immigrant status 
        described in section 101(a)(27) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(27)) shall be 
        eligible for resettlement assistance, entitlement 
        programs, and other benefits available to refugees 
        admitted under section 207 of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1157) 
        to the same extent, and for the same periods of time, 
        as such refugees.
          (9) Adjustment of status.--Notwithstanding paragraph 
        (2), (7), or (8) of subsection (c) of section 245 of 
        the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1255), 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security may adjust the 
        status of an alien described in subparagraph (A), (B), 
        or (C) of paragraph (2) of this subsection or in 
        section 1244(b) of the Refugee Crisis in Iraq Act of 
        2007 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 397) to that of an 
        alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence under 
        subsection (a) of such section 245 if the alien--
                  (A) was paroled or admitted as a nonimmigrant 
                into the United States; and
                  (B) is otherwise eligible for special 
                immigrant status under--
                          (i)(I) this subsection; or
                                  (II) such section 1244(b); 
                                and
                          (ii) the Immigration and Nationality 
                        Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).
          (10) Annual report on use of special immigrant 
        status.--
                  (A) Requirement.--Not later than 120 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                and annually thereafter, the Secretary of 
                Homeland Security shall submit to the 
                appropriate committees of Congress a report on 
                the number of citizens or nationals of 
                Afghanistan or Iraq who have applied for status 
                as special immigrants under this subsection or 
                section 1244 of the Refugee Crisis in Iraq Act 
                of 2007 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 396).
                  (B) Content.--Each report required by 
                subparagraph (A) submitted in a fiscal year 
                shall include the following information for the 
                previous fiscal year:
                          (i) The number of citizens or 
                        nationals of Afghanistan or Iraq who 
                        submitted an application for status as 
                        a special immigrant pursuant to this 
                        section or section 1244 of the Refugee 
                        Crisis in Iraq Act of 2007 (Public Law 
                        110-181; 122 Stat. 396), 
                        disaggregated--
                                  (I) by the number of 
                                principal aliens applying for 
                                such status; and
                                  (II) by the number of spouses 
                                and children of principal 
                                aliens applying for such 
                                status.
                          (ii) The number of applications 
                        referred to in clause (i) that--
                                  (I) were approved; or
                                  (II) were denied, including a 
                                description of the basis for 
                                each denial.
          (11) Report on improvements.--
                  (A) Requirement for report.--Not later than 
                120 days after the date of the enactment of the 
                John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2019, the Secretary of 
                State and the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
                in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, 
                shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
                Congress a report, with a classified annex, if 
                necessary.
                  (B) Contents.--The report required by 
                subparagraph (A) shall describe the 
                implementation of improvements to the 
                processing of applications for special 
                immigrant visas under this subsection, 
                including information relating to--
                          (i) enhancing existing systems for 
                        conducting background and security 
                        checks of persons applying for special 
                        immigrant status, which shall--
                                  (I) support immigration 
                                security; and
                                  (II) provide for the orderly 
                                processing of such applications 
                                without significant delay;
                          (ii) the financial, security, and 
                        personnel considerations and resources 
                        necessary to carry out this section;
                          (iii) the number of aliens who have 
                        applied for special immigrant visas 
                        under this subsection during each month 
                        of the preceding fiscal year;
                          (iv) the reasons for the failure to 
                        process any applications that have been 
                        pending for longer than 9 months;
                          (v) the total number of applications 
                        that are pending due to the failure--
                                  (I) to receive approval from 
                                the Chief of Mission;
                                  (II) of U.S. Citizenship and 
                                Immigration Services to 
                                complete the adjudication of 
                                the Form I-360;
                                  (III) to conduct a visa 
                                interview; or
                                  (IV) to issue the visa to an 
                                eligible alien;
                          (vi) the average wait times for an 
                        applicant at each of the stages 
                        described in clause (v);
                          (vii) the number of denials or 
                        rejections at each of the stages 
                        described in clause (v); and
                          (viii) the reasons for denials by the 
                        Chief of Mission based on the 
                        categories already made available to 
                        denied special immigrant visa 
                        applicants in the denial letter sent to 
                        them by the Chief of Mission.
          (12) Public quarterly reports.--Not later than 120 
        days after the date of the enactment of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, and 
        every 3 months thereafter, the Secretary of State and 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation 
        with the Secretary of Defense, shall publish a report 
        on the website of the Department of State that 
        describes the efficiency improvements made in the 
        process by which applications for special immigrant 
        visas under this subsection are processed, including 
        information described in clauses (iii) through (viii) 
        of paragraph (11)(B).
          (13) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2016, and 
        annually thereafter through January 31, 2021, the 
        Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security, in consultation with the Secretary of 
        Defense, shall submit a report to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress containing the following 
        information:
                  (A) The occupations of aliens who--
                          (i) were provided special immigrant 
                        status under subclause (I) or (II)(bb) 
                        of paragraph (2)(A)(ii); and
                          (ii) were considered principal aliens 
                        for such purpose.
                  (B) The number of appeals submitted under 
                paragraph (2)(D)(ii)(I)(bb) from application 
                denials by the Chief of Mission and the number 
                of those applications that were approved 
                pursuant to the appeal.
                  (C) The number of applications denied by the 
                Chief of Mission on the basis of derogatory 
                information that were appealed and the number 
                of those applications that were approved 
                pursuant to the appeal.
                  (D) The number of applications denied by the 
                Chief of Mission on the basis that the 
                applicant did not establish faithful and 
                valuable service to the United States 
                Government that were appealed and the number of 
                those applications that were approved pursuant 
                to the appeal.
                  (E) The number of applications denied by the 
                Chief of Mission for failure to establish the 
                one-year period of employment required that 
                were appealed and the number of those 
                applications that were approved pursuant to the 
                appeal.
                  (F) The number of applications denied by the 
                Chief of Mission for failure to establish 
                employment by or on behalf of the United States 
                Government that were appealed and the number of 
                those applications that were approved pursuant 
                to the appeal.
                  (G) The number of special immigrant status 
                approvals revoked by the Chief of Mission and 
                the reason for each revocation.
                  (H) The number of special immigrant status 
                approvals revoked by the Chief of Mission that 
                were appealed and the number of those 
                revocations that were overturned pursuant to 
                the appeal.
          (14) Reports informing the conclusion of the afghan 
        special immigrant visa program.--Not later than June 1, 
        2016, and every six months thereafter, the Secretary of 
        Defense, in conjunction with the Secretary of State, 
        shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
        Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on the 
        Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report that 
        contains--
                  (A) a description of the United States force 
                presence in Afghanistan during the previous 6 
                months;
                  (B) a description of the projected United 
                States force presence in Afghanistan;
                  (C) the number of citizens or nationals of 
                Afghanistan who were employed by or on behalf 
                of the entities described in paragraph 
                (2)(A)(ii) during the previous 6 months; and
                  (D) the projected number of such citizens or 
                nationals who will be employed by or on behalf 
                of such entities.
          (15) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that the necessity of providing special immigrant 
        status under this subsection should be assessed at 
        regular intervals by the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the 
        House of Representatives, taking into account the scope 
        of the current and planned presence of United States 
        troops in Afghanistan, the current and prospective 
        numbers of citizens and nationals of Afghanistan 
        employed by or on behalf of the entities described in 
        paragraph (2)(A)(ii), and the security climate in 
        Afghanistan.
  (c) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to affect the authority of the Secretary of Homeland 
Security under section 1059 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 8 
U.S.C. 1101 note).
                              ----------                              


             DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2005




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
                                TITLE X


OTHER MATTERS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



CHAPTER 2--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



                    GENERAL PROVISIONS, THIS CHAPTER

  Sec. 12001. (a)(1) Notwithstanding section 514 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h), the President may 
transfer to Israel, in exchange for concessions to be 
negotiated by the Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of 
the Secretary of State, any or all of the items described in 
paragraph (2).
  (2) The items referred to in paragraph (1) are armor, 
artillery, automatic weapons ammunition, missiles, and other 
munitions that--
          (A) are obsolete or surplus items;
          (B) are in the inventory of the Department of 
        Defense;
          (C) are intended for use as reserve stocks for 
        Israel; and
          (D) are located in a stockpile in Israel.
  (b) The value of concessions negotiated pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall be at least equal to the fair market value 
of the items transferred. The concessions may include cash 
compensation, services, waiver of charges otherwise payable by 
the United States, and other items of value.
  (c) Not later than 30 days before making a transfer under the 
authority of this section, the President shall transmit a 
notification of the proposed transfer to the Committees on 
Foreign Relations and Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committees on International Relations and Armed Services of the 
House of Representatives. The notification shall identify the 
items to be transferred and the concessions to be received.
  (d) No transfer may be made under the authority [of this 
section after September 30, 2021.] of this section after 
September 30, 2023.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                     FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
                                 PART I


Chapter 1--Policy; Development Assistance Authorizations

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



SEC. 104D ELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTANCE.

  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, regulation, or 
policy, in determining eligibility for assistance under 
sections 104, 104A, 104B, and 104C, a foreign nongovernmental 
organization--
          (1) shall not be ineligible for such assistance 
        solely on the basis of health or medical services, 
        including counseling and referral services, provided by 
        such organization with non-United States Government 
        funds if such services--
                  (A) are permitted in the country in which 
                they are being provided; and
                  (B) would not violate United States law if 
                provided in the United States; and
          (2) shall not be subject to requirements relating to 
        the use of non-United States Government funds for 
        advocacy and lobbying activities other than those that 
        apply to United States nongovernmental organizations 
        receiving assistance under this part.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE XII--FAMINE PREVENTION AND FREEDOM FROM HUNGER

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 2--Military Assistance

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 514. Stockpiling of Defense Articles for Foreign 
Countries.--(a) No defense article in the inventory of the 
Department of Defense which is set aside, reserved, or in any 
way earmarked or intended for future use by any foreign country 
may be made available to or for use by any foreign country 
unless such transfer is authorized under this Act or the Arms 
Export Control Act, or any subsequent corresponding 
legislation, and the value of such transfer is charged against 
funds authorized under such legislation or against the 
limitations specified in such legislation, as appropriate, for 
the fiscal period in which such defense article is transferred. 
For purposes of this subsection, ``value'' means the 
acquisition cost plus crating, packing, handling, and 
transportation costs incurred in carrying out this section.
  (b)(1) The value of defense articles to be set aside, 
earmarked, reserved, or intended for use as war reserve stocks 
for allied or other foreign countries (other than for purposes 
of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or in the 
implementation of agreements with Israel) in stockpiles located 
in foreign countries may not exceed in any fiscal year an 
amount that is specified in security assistance authorizing 
legislation for that fiscal year.
  (2)(A) The value of such additions to stockpiles of defense 
articles in foreign countries shall not exceed $200,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 
2020, [and 2021] 2021, 2022, and 2023.
  (B) Of the amount specified in subparagraph (A) for a fiscal 
year, not more than $200,000,000 may be made available for 
stockpiles in the State of Israel.
  (c) Location of Stockpiles of Defense Articles.--
          (1) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        no stockpile of defense articles may be located outside 
        the boundaries of a United States military base or a 
        military base used primarily by the United States.
          (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply with 
        respect to stockpiles of defense articles located in 
        the Republic of Korea, Thailand, any country that is a 
        member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, any 
        country that is a major non-NATO ally, or any other 
        country the President may designate. At least 15 days 
        before designating a country pursuant to the last 
        clause of the preceding sentence, the President shall 
        notify the congressional committees specified in 
        section 634A(a) in accordance with the procedures 
        applicable to reprogramming notifications under that 
        section.
  (d) No defense article transferred from any stockpile which 
is made available to or for use by any foreign country may be 
considered an excess defense article for the purpose of 
determining the value thereof.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 4--ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 535 PEOPLE-TO-PEOPLE PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE FUND.

  (a) Establishment.--Beginning on the date that is one year 
after the date of enactment of this section, the Administrator 
of the United States Agency for International Development is 
authorized to establish a program to provide funding for 
projects to help build the foundation for peaceful co-existence 
between Israelis and Palestinians and for a sustainable two-
state solution. The program established under this subsection 
shall be known as the ``People-to-People Partnership for Peace 
Fund'' (referred to in this section as the ``Fund'').
  (b) Eligibility for Support.--In providing funding for 
projects through the Fund, the Administrator may provide 
support for qualified organizations, prioritizing those 
organizations that seek to build better cooperation between 
Israelis and Palestinians, including Palestinian organizations, 
Israeli organizations, and international organizations that 
bring Israelis and Palestinians together.
  (c) Additional Eligibility for Support.--In providing funding 
for projects through the Fund, The Administrator may 
additionally provide support to qualified organizations that 
further shared community building, peaceful co-existence, 
dialogue, and reconciliation between Arab and Jewish citizens 
of Israel.
  (d) Contributions.--The Administrator--
          (1) is encouraged to work with foreign governments 
        and international organizations to leverage the impact 
        of United States resources and achieve the objectives 
        of this section; and
          (2) is authorized to make and accept contributions 
        for the purposes of the Fund, consistent with 
        subsections (b) and (d) of section 635.
  (e) Advisory Board.--
          (1) Establishment.--The Administrator shall establish 
        an advisory board to make recommendations to the 
        Administrator regarding the types of projects that 
        should be funded through the Fund.
          (2) Membership.--
                  (A) In General.--Subject to subparagraph (B), 
                the advisory board shall be composed of 13 
                members, none of whom may be Members of 
                Congress, who shall be appointed for renewable 
                periods of 3 years, as follows:
                          (i) One member appointed by the 
                        Administrator, in consultation with the 
                        Secretary of State.
                          (ii) One member appointed by the 
                        chair, and one member appointed by the 
                        ranking member, of the Committee on 
                        Foreign Relations of the Senate.
                          (iii) One member appointed by the 
                        chair, and one member appointed by the 
                        ranking member, of the Committee on 
                        Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                        Representatives.
                          (iv) One member appointed by the 
                        chair, and one member appointed by the 
                        ranking member, of the Committee on 
                        Appropriations of the Senate.
                          (v) One member appointed by the 
                        chair, and one member appointed by the 
                        ranking member, of the Committee on 
                        Appropriations of the House of 
                        Representatives.
                          (vi) One member appointed by the 
                        majority leader, and one member 
                        appointed by the minority leader, of 
                        the Senate.
                          (vii) One member appointed by the 
                        Speaker, and one member appointed by 
                        the minority leader, of the House of 
                        Representatives.
                  (B) International Participation.--The 
                Administrator may appoint up to 2 additional 
                members to the advisory board who are 
                representatives of foreign governments or 
                international organizations for renewable 
                periods of 3 years.
                  (C) Qualifications.--Members of the advisory 
                board shall have demonstrated regional 
                expertise and experience and expertise in 
                conflict mitigation and people-to-people 
                programs.
                  (D) Additional recommendations.--The 
                Administrator should consider the input and 
                recommendations from missions of the United 
                States Agency for International Development in 
                the region and mission directors when 
                considering types of projects.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


   SECTION 7045 OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND 
               RELATED PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2020

                    (Public Law 116-94; division G)

                    latin america and the caribbean

  Sec. 7045. (a) Central America.--
          (1) Assistance.--
                  (A) Fiscal year 2020.--Of the funds 
                appropriated by this Act under titles III and 
                IV, not less than $519,885,000 [should] shall  
                be made available for assistance for Belize, 
                Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, 
                Nicaragua, and Panama, including through the 
                Central America Regional Security Initiative: 
                Provided, That such assistance shall be 
                prioritized for programs and activities that 
                addresses the key factors that contribute to 
                the migration of unaccompanied, undocumented 
                minors to the United States and such funds 
                shall be made available for global health, 
                humanitarian, development, democracy, border 
                security, and law enforcement programs for such 
                countries, including for programs to reduce 
                violence against women and girls and to combat 
                corruption, and for support of commissions 
                against corruption and impunity, as 
                appropriate: Provided further, That not less 
                than $45,000,000 shall be for support of 
                offices of Attorneys General and of other 
                entities and activities to combat corruption 
                and impunity in such countries.
                  (B) Fiscal year 2019.--Of the funds 
                appropriated under titles III and IV of the 
                Department of State, Foreign Operations, and 
                Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2019 
                (division F of Public Law 116-6), not less than 
                $527,600,000 should be made available for 
                assistance for Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, 
                Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama, 
                including through the Central America Regional 
                Security Initiative: Provided, That such funds 
                shall be made available subject to the 
                conditions in paragraph (2) of this subsection 
                and notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
                section 7045(a) of the Department of State, 
                Foreign Operations, and Related Programs 
                Appropriations Act, 2019 (division F of Public 
                Law 116-6).
          (2) Northern triangle.--
                  (A) Limitation on assistance to certain 
                central governments.--Of the funds made 
                available pursuant to paragraph (1) under the 
                heading ``Economic Support Fund'' and under 
                title IV of this Act that are made available 
                for assistance for each of the central 
                governments of El Salvador, Guatemala, and 
                Honduras, 50 percent may only be obligated 
                after the Secretary of State certifies and 
                reports to the appropriate congressional 
                committees that such government is--
                          (i) combating corruption and 
                        impunity, including prosecuting corrupt 
                        government officials;
                          (ii) implementing reforms, policies, 
                        and programs to increase transparency 
                        and strengthen public institutions;
                          (iii) protecting the rights of civil 
                        society, opposition political parties, 
                        and the independence of the media;
                          (iv) providing effective and 
                        accountable law enforcement and 
                        security for its citizens, and 
                        upholding due process of law;
                          (v) implementing policies to reduce 
                        poverty and promote equitable economic 
                        growth and opportunity;
                          (vi) supporting the independence of 
                        the judiciary and of electoral 
                        institutions;
                          (vii) improving border security;
                          (viii) combating human smuggling and 
                        trafficking and countering the 
                        activities of criminal gangs, drug 
                        traffickers, and transnational criminal 
                        organizations; and
                          (ix) informing its citizens of the 
                        dangers of the journey to the southwest 
                        border of the United States.
                  (B) Reprogramming If the Secretary is unable 
                to make the certification required by 
                subparagraph (A) for one or more of the 
                governments, such assistance for such central 
                government shall be reprogrammed for assistance 
                for other countries in Latin America and the 
                Caribbean, notwithstanding the minimum funding 
                requirements of this subsection and of section 
                7019 of this Act: Provided, That any such 
                reprogramming shall be subject to the regular 
                notification procedures of the Committees on 
                Appropriations.
                  (C) Exceptions.--The limitation of 
                subparagraph (A) shall not apply to funds 
                appropriated by this Act that are made 
                available for--
                          (i) the Mission to Support the Fight 
                        Against Corruption and Impunity in 
                        Honduras, the International Commission 
                        Against Impunity in El Salvador, and 
                        support of offices of Attorneys General 
                        and of other entities and activities 
                        related to combating corruption and 
                        impunity;
                          (ii) programs to combat gender-based 
                        violence;
                          (iii) humanitarian assistance; and
                          (iv) food security programs.
  (b) Colombia.--
          (1) Assistance.--Of the funds appropriated by this 
        Act under titles III and IV, not less than $448,253,000 
        shall be made available for assistance for Colombia: 
        Provided, That such funds shall be made available for 
        the programs and activities described under this 
        section in the explanatory statement described in 
        section 4 (in the matter preceding division A of this 
        consolidated Act).
          (2) Withholding of funds.--
                  (A) Counternarcotics.--Of the funds 
                appropriated by this Act under the heading 
                ``International Narcotics Control and Law 
                Enforcement'' and made available for assistance 
                for Colombia, 20 percent may be obligated only 
                after the Secretary of State certifies and 
                reports to the Committees on Appropriations 
                that the Government of Colombia is continuing 
                to implement a national whole-of-government 
                counternarcotics strategy intended to reduce by 
                50 percent cocaine production and coca 
                cultivation levels in Colombia by 2023.
                  (B) Human rights.--Of the funds appropriated 
                by this Act under the heading ``Foreign 
                Military Financing Program'' and made available 
                for assistance for Colombia, 20 percent may be 
                obligated only after the Secretary of State 
                certifies and reports to the Committees on 
                Appropriations that--
                          (i) the Special Jurisdiction for 
                        Peace and other judicial authorities 
                        are taking effective steps to hold 
                        accountable perpetrators of gross 
                        violations of human rights in a manner 
                        consistent with international law, 
                        including for command responsibility, 
                        and sentence them to deprivation of 
                        liberty;
                          (ii) the Government of Colombia is 
                        taking effective steps to prevent 
                        attacks against human rights defenders 
                        and other civil society activists, 
                        trade unionists, and journalists, and 
                        judicial authorities are prosecuting 
                        those responsible for such attacks; and
                          (iii) senior military officers 
                        responsible for ordering, committing, 
                        and covering up cases of false 
                        positives are being held accountable, 
                        including removal from active duty if 
                        found guilty through criminal or 
                        disciplinary proceedings.
          (3) Exceptions.--The limitations of paragraph (2) 
        shall not apply to funds made available for aviation 
        instruction and maintenance, and maritime and riverine 
        security programs.
          (4) Authority.--Aircraft supported by funds 
        appropriated by this Act and prior Acts making 
        appropriations for the Department of State, foreign 
        operations, and related programs and made available for 
        assistance for Colombia may be used to transport 
        personnel and supplies involved in drug eradication and 
        interdiction, including security for such activities, 
        and to provide transport in support of alternative 
        development programs and investigations by civilian 
        judicial authorities.
          (5) Limitation None of the funds appropriated by this 
        Act or prior Acts making appropriations for the 
        Department of State, foreign operations, and related 
        programs that are made available for assistance for 
        Colombia may be made available for payment of 
        reparations to conflict victims or compensation to 
        demobilized combatants associated with a peace 
        agreement between the Government of Colombia and 
        illegal armed groups.
  (c) Haiti.--
          (1) Certification.--Funds appropriated by this Act 
        under the heading ``Economic Support Fund'' that are 
        made available for assistance for Haiti may not be made 
        available for assistance for the central Government of 
        Haiti unless the Secretary of State certifies and 
        reports to the Committees on Appropriations that such 
        government is taking effective steps, which are steps 
        taken since the certification and report submitted 
        during the prior year, if applicable, to--
                  (A) strengthen the rule of law in Haiti, 
                including by--
                          (i) selecting judges in a transparent 
                        manner based on merit;
                          (ii) reducing pre-trial detention;
                          (iii) respecting the independence of 
                        the judiciary; and
                          (iv) improving governance by 
                        implementing reforms to increase 
                        transparency and accountability, 
                        including through the penal and 
                        criminal codes;
                  (B) combat corruption, including by 
                implementing the anti-corruption law enacted in 
                2014 and prosecuting corrupt officials;
                  (C) increase government revenues, including 
                by implementing tax reforms, and increasing 
                expenditures on public services; and
                  (D) resolve commercial disputes between 
                United States entities and the Government of 
                Haiti.
          (2) Haitian coast guard.--The Government of Haiti 
        shall be eligible to purchase defense articles and 
        services under the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
        2751 et seq.) for the Coast Guard.
          (3) Limitation.--None of the funds made available by 
        this Act may be used to provide assistance to the armed 
        forces of Haiti.
  (d) The Caribbean.--Of the funds appropriated by this Act 
under titles III and IV, not less than $60,000,000 shall be 
made available for the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative.
  (e) Venezuela.--
          (1) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the 
        heading ``Economic Support Fund'', not less than 
        $30,000,000 shall be made available for democracy 
        programs for Venezuela.
          (2) Funds appropriated under title III of this Act 
        and prior Acts making appropriations for the Department 
        of State, foreign operations, and related programs 
        shall be made available for assistance for communities 
        in countries supporting or otherwise impacted by 
        refugees from Venezuela, including Colombia, Peru, 
        Ecuador, Curacao, and Trinidad and Tobago: Provided, 
        That such amounts are in addition to funds otherwise 
        made available for assistance for such countries, 
        subject to prior consultation with, and the regular 
        notification procedures of, the Committees on 
        Appropriations.
                              ----------                              


  EMERGENCY APPROPRIATIONS FOR CORONAVIRUS HEALTH RESPONSE AND AGENCY 
                               OPERATIONS

                    (Public Law 116-136; division B)

 DIVISION B--EMERGENCY APPROPRIATIONS FOR CORONAVIRUS HEALTH RESPONSE 
                         AND AGENCY OPERATIONS

  The following sums are hereby are appropriated, out of any 
money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the 
fiscal year ending September 30, 2020, and for other purposes, 
namely:

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                TITLE XI

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 21005. The Department of State, Foreign Operations, and 
Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2020 (division G of Public 
Law 116-94) is amended under the heading ``Emergencies in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service'' in title I by striking `` 
$1,000,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof `` $5,000,000'' and 
is further amended by striking ``$5,563,619'' in the second 
proviso under the heading ``Repatriation Loans Program 
Account'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``$15,563,619''.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  Sec. 21009. Notwithstanding section 6(b) of the Department of 
State Authorities Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-472; 120 Stat. 
3556), during [fiscal year 2020]  fiscal years 2020 and 2021, 
passport and immigrant visa surcharges collected in any fiscal 
year pursuant to the fourth paragraph under the heading 
``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'' in the Department of State 
and Related Agency Appropriations Act, 2005 (title IV of 
division B of Public Law 108-447; 8 U.S.C. 1714) may be 
obligated and expended for the costs of providing consular 
services: Provided, That such funds should be prioritized for 
United States citizen services: Provided further, That not 
later than 90 days after the expiration of this authority, the 
Secretary of State shall provide a report to the Committee on 
Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate and the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives detailing the 
specific expenditures made pursuant to this authority: Provided 
further, That the amount provided by this section is designated 
by the Congress as being for an emergency requirement pursuant 
to section 251(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency 
Deficit Control Act of 1985.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


               Changes in the Application of Existing Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(A) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following statements are 
submitted describing the effect of provisions in the 
accompanying bill that directly or indirectly change the 
application of existing law.
    Language is included in various parts of the bill to 
continue ongoing activities in fiscal year 2021 that require 
annual authorization or additional legislation, which to date 
has not been enacted. The bill includes provisions that place 
limitations on the use of funds in the bill or change existing 
limitations and that might under some circumstances be 
construed as changing the application of existing law. The bill 
includes a number of provisions that have been virtually 
unchanged for many years, which are technically considered 
legislation. The bill provides that several of the 
appropriations shall remain available for obligation beyond the 
current fiscal year. In all cases it is deemed desirable to 
carry such language in order to provide for orderly 
administration of such programs and effective use of funds. In 
various places in the bill, the Committee recommendation 
continues the prior year practice of designating amounts within 
appropriation accounts in order to fund specific programs and 
has adjusted some designations.
    The bill contains general provisions and other language 
that have been carried in the bill in past years that include 
limitations and conditions on funding provided in the Act.
    Additional changes in the fiscal year 2021 bill, which may 
be construed as changing existing law, are as follows:
Title I
    Under Diplomatic Programs, language carried in the prior 
year providing transfer authority to other accounts within 
Administration of Foreign Affairs; limitations on certain 
programs, offices, and activities; designating the availability 
and use of certain fees and transfers from other agencies; and 
conditioning the obligation of certain funds made available for 
security training.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language carried in the 
prior year notwithstanding section 209(a)(1) of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 as it relates to post inspections.
    Under Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs, language 
designating amounts for certain programs and activities.
    Under Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance, 
language similar to the prior year placing limitations on the 
uses of funds and restricting representation expenses.
    Under Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, 
language similar to the prior year permitting the transfer of 
not to exceed $1,000,000 to Repatriation Loans Program Account.
    Under Repatriation Loans Program Account, language similar 
to the prior year directing that costs shall be defined as in 
section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and capping 
total loan principle.
    Under Contributions to International Organizations, 
language similar to the prior year requiring submission to the 
Committees on Appropriations of the United Nations biennial 
budget, limiting the use of funds, and establishing a number of 
notification and reporting requirements. Appropriations for the 
World Health Organization and the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization are specified.
    Under Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
Activities, language similar to the prior year limiting the use 
of funds and establishing a number of notification and 
reporting requirements.
    Under International Boundary and Water Commission, United 
States and Mexico and American Sections, International 
Commissions, language carried in the prior year providing a 
limitation on the amount available for representation expenses.
    Under International Fisheries Commissions, language carried 
in the prior year providing authority to pay United States 
expenses in advance, pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 3324.
    Under International Broadcasting Operations, language 
carried in the prior year setting limitations on funds 
available for certain expenses and receipts, requiring the 
United States Agency for Global Media to make funds available 
to expand unrestricted access to information on the Internet, 
requiring a review of certain programs, restricting 
representation expenses, requiring notifications, and 
authorizing the transfer of funds from the Buying Power 
Maintenance Account.
    Under Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program, language 
carried in the prior year limiting the use of funds relating to 
compensation.
    Under National Endowment for Democracy, language carried in 
the prior year designating funds for certain purposes.
    Under Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage 
Abroad, language carried in the prior year allowing the 
Commission to procure certain services notwithstanding 
paragraph (3) of section 312304(b) of Public Law 113-287 during 
fiscal year 2021 and requiring notification.
    Under United States Commission on International Religious 
Freedom, language carried in the prior year placing a 
limitation on representation expenses.
    Under Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 
Salaries and Expenses, language carried in the prior year 
limiting representation expenses.
    Under Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's 
Republic of China and United States-China Economic and Security 
Review Commission, language carried in the prior year placing a 
limitation on representation expenses.
    Under United States-China Economic and Security Review 
Commission, language carried in the prior year incorporating by 
reference several provisos relating to personnel and financial 
management authorities that were carried in the Department of 
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations Act, 
2010.

Title II

    Under Operating Expenses, language carried in the prior 
year limiting financing of construction or entering into 
leases, allowing transfers of funds, and restricting 
representation and entertainment expenses.
    Under Capital Investment Fund, language carried in the 
prior year requiring notifications.

Title III

    Under Global Health Programs, language similar to the prior 
year requiring direct apportionment to agencies, designating 
the use of funds, requiring notifications, and setting a cap on 
administrative expenses. New language is included designating 
funds for the World Health Organization.
    Under Development Assistance, language is included 
requiring the direct apportionment of funding to USAID within 
60 days of enactment of this Act.
    Under International Disaster Assistance, language is 
included requiring the direct apportionment of funding to USAID 
within 60 days of enactment of this Act.
    Under Transition Initiatives, language similar to the prior 
year designating the use of funds, requiring a report prior to 
the initiation of a country program, requiring prior 
consultations, and allowing the use of additional funds in this 
Act for the same purposes as funds under this heading following 
consultation.
    Under Economic Support Fund, new language is included 
designating funds from this Act and prior Acts for programs in 
the West Bank and Gaza. New language is also included 
prohibiting funds designated for the Diplomatic Progress Fund. 
New language is also included for public diplomacy and 
countering disinformation.
    Under Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia, 
language modified from the prior year providing notwithstanding 
authority, transfer authority, and related notification 
requirements, designating coordination responsibilities, 
certain payments, and designating certain funds for purposes of 
administrative authorities.
    Under Migration and Refugee Assistance, language similar to 
the prior year designating amounts for small-scale emergency 
humanitarian requirements and for refugees resettling in 
Israel.
    Under Peace Corps, language similar to the prior year 
limiting representation expenses, requiring consultations, 
allowing the Director to transfer funds to help mitigate 
exchange rate losses, and placing limitations on certain 
activities.
    Under Millennium Challenge Corporation, language similar to 
the prior year placing a cap on administrative expenses, 
establishing certain funding conditions and notification 
requirements, and limiting and restricting entertainment and 
representation allowances.
    Under Inter-American Foundation, language carried in the 
prior year limiting representation expenses. New language is 
included designating funds for programs in El Salvador, 
Guatemala, and Honduras.
    Under United States African Development Foundation, 
language similar to the prior year allowing for the investment 
of project funding by grantees, limiting the use of interest 
earned, allowing certain building leases, and requiring a 
report.
    Under International Affairs Technical Assistance, language 
similar to the prior year providing funds notwithstanding the 
location of the performance of a personal service contract.
    Under Debt Restructuring, language similar to the prior 
year providing funds for debt restructuring programs. New 
language is included providing funds for Somalia debt relief.

Title IV

    Under International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement, 
language carried in the prior year giving the Department of 
State the authority to provide excess property to a foreign 
country, subject to notification, waiving a section of the 
Foreign Assistance Act, subject to notification, and requiring 
notification for certain transfers. New language is also 
included prohibiting funds designated for the Diplomatic 
Progress Fund.
    Under Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining, and 
Related Programs, language carried in the prior year 
designating the use of funds, providing authorities for funds, 
and establishing certain funding conditions and notification 
requirements.
    Under Peacekeeping Operations, language carried in the 
prior year designating the use of funds, providing certain 
authorities, establishing prohibitions for the use of funds, 
and requiring notifications.
    Under International Military Education and Training, 
language carried in the prior year allowing certain civilian 
personnel to receive training and limiting entertainment 
allowances.
    Under Foreign Military Financing Program, language similar 
to the prior year designating the use of funds, requiring 
consultations and notifications, establishing requirements for 
the disbursement and transfer of certain funds, establishing 
limitations and conditions on funds, and limiting 
representation and entertainment expenses.

Title V

    Under International Organizations and Programs, language 
similar to the prior year providing contributions to 
international organizations. New language is included regarding 
the allocation and allotment for core contributions.
    Under Global Environment Facility, language similar to the 
prior year regarding obligation and disbursement of funds, 
reporting requirements, and notifications from the Secretary of 
the Treasury.
    Under Contribution to the International Bank for 
Reconstruction and Development, language carried similar to the 
prior year regarding the United States share of the paid-in 
portion of the increases in capital stock and the limitation on 
callable capital subscriptions.
    Under Contribution to the International Fund for 
Agricultural Development, language similar to the prior year 
regarding reporting on the obligation and disbursement of funds 
by the Secretary of the Treasury.
    Under Contribution to the North American Development Bank, 
new language regarding the limitation on callable capital 
subscriptions.

Title VI

    Under Export-Import Bank of the United States, Program 
Account, language carried in the prior year allowing for 
certain expenditures and setting limitations on funds.
    Under Export-Import Bank of the United States, 
Administrative Expenses, language carried in the prior year 
limiting representation expenses, allowing for the collection 
of certain fees, and requiring notifications. New language is 
included regarding administratively determined pay authority.
    Under Export-Import Bank of the United States, Receipts 
Collected, language carried in the prior year requiring 
sufficient fees to cover costs.
    Under United States International Development Finance 
Corporation, language carried in the prior year making funds 
available for the Office of Inspector General.
    Under United States International Development Finance 
Corporation, Corporate Capital Account, language carried in the 
prior year making funds available to carry out the activities 
described in the BUILD Act of 2018, and limitation of 
administrative expenses and representation expenses.
    Under United States International Development Finance 
Corporation, Program Account, language carried in the prior 
year making funds available to carry out the activities 
described in the BUILD Act of 2018 with the limitations 
described in such Act.
    Under Trade and Development Agency, language similar to the 
prior year restricting representation and entertainment 
allowances and designating the use of funds.

Title VII

    Sec. 7001 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding allowances and differentials.
    Sec. 7002 includes language carried in the prior year 
requiring agencies to provide quarterly reports on the 
cumulative balances of any unobligated funds.
    Sec. 7003 includes language carried in the prior year 
requiring that consulting service contracts shall be a matter 
of public record.
    Sec. 7004 includes language modified from the prior year 
with respect to the construction and use of diplomatic 
facilities, setting limitations, expanding notification and 
oversight requirements, and placing conditions and restrictions 
on certain funds. Further direction concerning notification and 
oversight of diplomatic facilities is included under Embassy 
Security, Construction, and Maintenance.
    Sec. 7005 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding certain personnel actions and the authority to 
transfer funds between appropriations accounts.
    Sec. 7006 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting the use of funds in this Act for publicity or 
propaganda purposes within the United States not otherwise 
authorized by law.
    Sec. 7007 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for the governments of Cuba, North 
Korea, Iran, and Syria.
    Sec. 7008 includes language modified from the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for countries whose duly elected head of 
government is deposed by military coup or decree, or a coup or 
decree in which the military plays a decisive role; requiring a 
determination; and providing a waiver under certain conditions.
    Sec. 7009 includes language modified from the prior year 
setting limitations and conditions on transfers between 
appropriations accounts and requiring audits of certain 
transfers.
    Sec. 7010 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting first-class travel, setting certain limitations on 
computer networks, the promotion of tobacco, and representation 
and entertainment expenses.
    Sec. 7011 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding the availability of funds appropriated by this Act.
    Sec. 7012 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for countries in default and allowing 
exceptions in certain circumstances.
    Sec. 7013 includes language modified from the prior year 
withholding assistance to a country where such assistance is 
subject to taxation, unless the Secretary of State makes 
certain determinations, and updating a reporting requirement.
    Sec. 7014 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding the reservation of funds and the designation of 
certain funding levels.
    Sec. 7015 includes language modified from the prior year 
establishing the notification requirements for funds made 
available by this Act.
    Sec. 7016 includes language carried in the prior year 
concerning public posting of reports and documents, records 
management, and related cybersecurity protections.
    Sec. 7017 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting the use of funds for programs in contravention of 
this Act.
    Sec. 7018 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding debt-for-development and debt-for-nature exchanges.
    Sec. 7019 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding compliance with: (1) funding directives in certain 
tables in the accompanying report; and (2) reporting directives 
in such report.
    Sec. 7020 includes language modified from the prior year 
prohibiting the use of funds in this Act to make a multi-year 
pledge unless such pledge meets the requirements of section 
7066 of the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and 
Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2019 (division F of Public 
Law 116-6).
    Sec. 7021 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting assistance for governments that support 
international terrorism.
    Sec. 7022 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding authorization requirements.
    Sec. 7023 includes language carried in the prior year 
defining the terms ``program'', ``project'', and ``activity''.
    Sec. 7024 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding certain authorities for the Peace Corps, Inter-
American Foundation, and the United States African Development 
Foundation.
    Sec. 7025 includes language carried in the prior year 
relating to commerce, trade, and surplus commodities.
    Sec. 7026 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding the requirement that separate accounts be established 
for cash transfers and assistance that generates local 
currencies and establishing certain conditions on the use of 
those funds.
    Sec. 7027 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding assistance through nongovernmental organizations and 
assistance provided under the Food for Peace Act.
    Sec. 7028 includes language carried in the prior year 
conditioning funds provided to local organizations through 
limited competitions.
    Sec. 7029 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding: evaluations; social and environment safeguards; the 
compensation level of the United States executive director to 
each international financial institution (IFI); human rights 
promotion; fraud and corruption; beneficial ownership; and 
whistleblower protections.
    Sec. 7030 includes language modified from the prior year 
rescinding $75,000,000 in unobligated balances from prior year 
appropriations, of which $45,000,000 is from Economic Support 
Fund and $30,000,000 is from International Narcotics Control 
and Law Enforcement.
    Sec. 7031 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding management of direct assistance to governments, 
budget transparency of recipient countries, corruption and 
human rights violations, and the foreign assistance website.
    Sec. 7032 contains language modified from the prior year 
regarding democracy programs funded in this Act.
    Sec. 7033 includes language modified from the prior year on 
assistance regarding international religious freedom.
    Sec. 7034 includes language modified from the prior year 
granting or extending certain special authorities and 
establishing conditions and limitations relating to funds made 
available by this Act.
    Sec. 7035 includes language modified from the prior year 
related to assistance, authorities, limitations, and 
notifications regarding law enforcement and security matters.
    Sec. 7036 continues language carried in the prior year 
related to the Arab League Boycott of Israel.
    Sec. 7037 includes language carried in the prior year 
establishing limitations on the use of funds in support of a 
Palestinian state.
    Sec. 7038 includes language carried in the prior year 
restricting assistance to the Palestinian Broadcasting 
Corporation.
    Sec. 7039 includes language carried in the prior year 
placing conditions on assistance for the West Bank and Gaza.
    Sec. 7040 includes language carried in the prior year 
placing limitations on any assistance for the Palestinian 
Authority and regarding Hamas.
    Sec. 7041 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding policies and countries in the Middle East and North 
Africa.
    Sec. 7042 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding assistance for Africa.
    Sec. 7043 includes language modified from the prior year 
containing limitations, directives on assistance, and 
authorities for diplomatic and development activities and 
programs in East Asia and the Pacific.
    Sec. 7044 includes language modified from the prior year 
containing limitations, directives, and authorities for 
diplomatic and development activities and programs in South and 
Central Asia and for regional programs.
    Sec. 7045 includes language modified from the prior year 
directing assistance levels, limitations, and conditions 
regarding assistance for certain countries in Latin America and 
the Caribbean.
    Sec. 7046 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding Europe and Eurasia.
    Sec. 7047 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding programs to counter Russian influence and aggression.
    Sec. 7048 includes language modified from the prior year 
relating to conditions on funds for the UN and other 
international organizations.
    Sec. 7049 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding authority for the President to draw down certain 
funds to support war crimes tribunals or commissions.
    Sec. 7050 includes language modified from the prior year 
directing that not less than $68,000,000 be made available for 
programs to promote internet freedom globally and establishing 
certain limitations and conditions on the use of such funds.
    Sec. 7051 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funds for the use of torture.
    Sec. 7052 includes language carried in the prior year 
relating to aircraft transfer and coordination.
    Sec. 7053 includes language carried in the prior year 
relating to unpaid parking fines and real property taxes owed 
by foreign governments.
    Sec. 7054 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding the International Monetary Fund.
    Sec. 7055 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funds for a country that does not cooperate in the 
extradition to the United States of certain individuals.
    Sec. 7056 includes language modified from the prior year 
establishing certain limitations on assistance that may impact 
jobs in the United States.
    Sec. 7057 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding disability programs.
    Sec. 7058 includes language carried in the prior year 
establishing restrictions on enterprise funds.
    Sec. 7059 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding programs that support gender equality.
    Sec. 7060 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding assistance for programs related to basic education, 
higher education, environment, food security and agriculture 
development, microenterprise, programs to combat trafficking in 
persons, reconciliation, and water and sanitation.
    Sec. 7061 includes language modified from the prior year 
requiring operating and spend plans for funds appropriated by 
this Act.
    Sec. 7062 includes language carried in the prior year 
concerning consultation, notification, and reporting 
requirements involving any agency reorganization.
    Sec. 7063 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding management of the Department of State including 
financial management, personnel levels, and information 
technology.
    Sec. 7064 includes language carried in the prior year 
regarding management of USAID including personnel levels and 
hiring authorities.
    Sec. 7065 includes language modified from the prior year 
related to assistance to regions impacted by extremism and 
conflict.
    Sec. 7066 includes language carried in the prior year 
prohibiting funding for abortions and involuntary 
sterilization.
    Sec. 7067 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding assistance provided to UNFPA and to address women's 
health.
    Sec. 7068 includes language modified from the prior year 
regarding global health activities; providing certain 
authorities to better prepare for, and respond to, emerging 
health threats; and consolidates other global health 
requirements previously carried under other sections of the 
bill.
    Sec. 7069 includes new language regarding restrictions on 
foreign nongovernmental organizations.

                  Appropriations Not Authorized by Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(B) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following table lists the 
appropriations in the accompanying bill which are not 
authorized by law for the period concerned:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                           Appropriations in
         Agency/Activity               Last Year         Authorization       Last Year of     Appropriations  in
                                      Authorized             Level           Authorization         the Bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Department of State/              2003..............  $5,290,390,000....  $5,874,914,000....  $12,429,669,000
 Administration of Foreign
 Affairs.
Department of State/              2003..............  $1,529,702,000....  $1,672,000,000....  $2,962,242,000
 International Organizations.
Department of State/              2003..............  $71,385,000.......  $57,730,000.......  $174,496,000
 International Commissions.
U.S. Agency for Global Media      2003..............  $644,486,000......  $599,560,000......  $637,252,000
 (formerly Broadcasting Board of
 Governors).
Department of State/Related       2003..............  $72,000,000.......  $69,986,000.......  $285,278,000
 Programs.
United States Institute of Peace  2014..............  Such sums as may    $37,000,000.......  $45,000,000
                                                       be necessary.
USAID/Operating Expenses........  1987..............  $387,000,000......  $340,600,000......  $1,364,526,000
USAID/Capital Investment Fund...  None..............  NA................  NA................  $238,000,000
USAID/Inspector General.........  1987..............  $21,750,000.......  $21,000,000.......  $75,500,000
Global Health Programs (see note  Population (1987);  Population          Population          $3,226,975,000
 below).                           Health and          ($290,000,000);     ($234,625,000);     (includes not
                                   Disease             Health and          Health and          less than
                                   Prevention          Disease             Disease             $750,000,000 for
                                   (1987); Child       Prevention          Prevention          Population)
                                   Survival Fund       ($180,000,000);     ($166,762,000);
                                   (1987).             Child Survival      Child Survival
                                                       Fund                Fund (75,000,000).
                                                       ($75,000,000).
Global Health Programs: HIV/AIDS  2013..............  $48,000,000,000     $5,720,499,000....  $5,930,000,000
                                                       over 5 years.
Development Assistance (see note  Agriculture;        Agriculture         Agriculture         $3,800,000,000
 below).                           (1987) Education    ($760,000,000);     ($693,613,000);     (program levels
                                   (1987); Energy      Education           Education           too difficult to
                                   and selected        ($180,000,000);     ($155,000,000);     determine due to
                                   development         Energy and          Energy and          changing
                                   activities (1987).  selected            selected            definitions of
                                                       development         development         programs since
                                                       activities          activities          last authorized)
                                                       ($207,000,000).     ($149,990,000).
International Disaster            2018..............  $2,794,184,000....  $2,696,534,000....  $4,395,362,000
 Assistance.
Transition Initiatives..........  None..............  NA................  NA................  $92,043,000
Democracy Fund..................  None..............  NA................  NA................  $323,700,000
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia    1993..............  $410,000,000......  NA................  $770,334,000
 and Central Asia.
Migration and Refugee Assistance  2003..............  $820,000,000......  $781,884,000......  $3,432,000,000
Peace Corps.....................  2003..............  $365,000,000......  $295,069,000......  $410,500,000
Millennium Challenge Corporation  2005..............  Such sums as may    $1,488,000,000....  $905,000,000
                                                       be necessary.
Inter-American Foundation.......  1993..............  $31,000,000.......  $30,960,000.......  $41,500,000
United States African             1987..............  $3,872,000........  $6,500,000........  $33,000,000
 Development Foundation.
Department of the Treasury,       1999..............  $5,000,000........  $1,500,000........  $33,000,000
 International Affairs Technical
 Assistance.
Economic Support Fund...........  1987..............  $3,800,000,000....  $3,555,000,000....  $3,444,407,000
International Narcotics Control   1994..............  $171,500,000......  $100,000,000......  $1,391,000,000
 and Law Enforcement.
Nonproliferation, Anti-           2003..............  $226,200,000......  NA................  $897,000,000
 terrorism, Demining and Related
 Programs (see note below).
Peacekeeping Operations.........  1999..............  $83,000,000.......  $76,500,000.......  $457,348,000
International Military Education  2003..............  $85,000,000.......  $79,480,000.......  $112,925,000
 and Training.
Foreign Military Financing......  2003..............  $4,107,000,000....  $6,104,632,000....  $6,156,924,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Programs recommended herein under ``Global Health Programs''' were last authorized under a different
  account structure than that recommended in this bill; the account structure included a number of functional
  accounts, as described above.
Note: Programs recommended herein under ``Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and Related Programs'''
  include some major programs for which authorizations of appropriations were provided for fiscal year 2002;
  these programs include $73,000,000 authorized for antiterrorism assistance and $142,000,000 authorized for
  nonproliferation activities. In addition, some programs now in this account were previously in accounts which
  had authorizations of appropriations in prior years.

                 Comparison With the Budget Resolution

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives and section 308(a)(1)(A) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the following table compares 
the levels of new budget authority provided in the bill with 
the appropriate allocation under section 302(b) of the Budget 
Act.

                                             In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         302(b) Allocation                   This Bill
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Budget                          Budget
                                                     Authority        Outlays        Authority        Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee
 allocations to its subcommitties: Subcommittee
 on State, Foreign Operations, and Related
 Programs:
    Discretionary...............................          47,850          50,500       \1\47,850          49,834
    Mandatory...................................             159             159          \1\159             159
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes outlay from prior-year budget authority.
NOTE.--Consistent with the funding recommended in the bill for overseas contingency operations/global war on
  terrorism, in accordance with section 251(b)(2) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of
  1985, and after the bill is reported to the House, the Chairman of the Committee on the Budget will provide a
  revised section 302(a) allocation reflecting an additional $8,000 million in discretionary budget authority
  and $2,019 million in associated outlays. That new allocation will eliminate the technical difference prior to
  floor consideration.
In addition, the amounts in this report do not include $10,019 million in discretionary budget authority and
  $1,034 million in associated outlays from amounts provided in this bill that are designated as being for
  emergency requirements pursuant to section 251 of the Balanced Budget Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit
  Congrol Act of 1985. Further, the amounts in this report do not include an additional $527 million in
  discretionary outlays from such funding that was provided by the CARES Act (Public Law 116-136). Consistent
  with the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 in the House of Representatives such amounts do not count against
  the Committee's allocation.

                      Five Year Outlay Projections

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII and section 
308(a)(1)(B) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
following table contains five-year projections associated with 
the budget authority provided in the accompanying bill as 
provided to the Committee by the Congressional Budget Office.

                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                       Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Projection of coutlays associated with the recommendations:
    2021....................................................  ...........  ...........          \1\       15,853
    2022....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........       14,562
    2023....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........       10,523
    2024....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        5,953
    2025 and future years...................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        8,034
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Excludes outlays from prior-year authority.

          Financial Assistance to State and Local Governments

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII and section 
308(a)(1)(C) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
Congressional Budget Office has provided the following 
estimates of new budget authority and outlays provided by the 
accompanying bill for financial assistance to State and local 
governments.

                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Budget  Authority       Outlays
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Financial assistance to State and                \1\0                  0
 local governments for 2021.......
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

                          Program Duplication

    No provision of this bill establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                           Committee Hearings

    For the purposes of section 103(i) of H. Res. 6 of the 
116th Congress--
    The following hearings were used to develop or consider the 
State, Foreign Operations and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 2021:
    The Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on February 27, 2020, entitled 
``Member Day Hearing.'' The Subcommittee received oral 
testimony and/or written testimony from:
          The Honorable Ed Case, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Joaquin Castro, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Judy Chu, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Jim Costa, Member of Congress
          The Honorable TJ Cox, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Adriano Espaillat, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Bill Foster, Member of Congress
          The Honorable French Hill, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Sheila Jackson Lee, Member of Congress
          The Honorable James McGovern, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Frank Pallone, Jr., Member of Congress
          The Honorable Scott Perry, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Adam Schiff, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Brad Sherman, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Abigail Spanberger, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Jackie Speier, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Ann Wagner, Member of Congress
          The Honorable Ted Yoho, Member of Congress
    The Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related 
Agencies held an oversight hearing on March 3, 2020, entitled 
``United States Agency for International Development (USAID) 
Budget Request for FY2021''. The Subcommittee received 
testimony from:
          The Honorable Mark Green, Administrator, U.S. Agency 
        for International Development
    The Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related 
Agencies held an oversight hearing on March 4, 2020, entitled 
``Export and Finance Agencies Budget Request for FY2021''. The 
Subcommittee received testimony from:
          Adam Boehler, Chief Executive Officer, U.S. 
        International Development Finance Corporation
          Thomas Hardy, Acting Director, United States Trade 
        and Development Agency
          Kimberly Reed, President and Chairman, Export-Import 
        Bank of the United States
    The Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related 
Agencies held an oversight hearing on March 11, 2020, entitled 
``Department of the Treasury International Programs Budget 
Request for FY2021''. The Subcommittee received testimony from:
          The Honorable Steven Mnuchin, Secretary, Department 
        of the Treasury
    The Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on March 12, 2020, entitled 
``Public Witness Day.'' The Subcommittee received testimony 
from:
          W. Ron Allen, Tribal Chairman and CEO, Pacific Salmon 
        Commission
          Niranjali Amerasinghe, Executive Director, ActionAid 
        USA
          David Arnold, President and CEO, The Asia Foundation
          David Beckmann, President, Bread for the World
          Natasha Bilimoria, Director of U.S. Strategy, Gavi, 
        The Vaccine Alliance
          Jeanne Bourgault, President/CEO, Internews
          Helen Boyle, Representative, Basic Education 
        Coalition
          Anucha Browne, Chief Engagement, Advocacy, and Global 
        Programs Officer, UNICEF USA
          Chris Collins, President, Friends of the Global Fight 
        Against AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria
          Filmona Hailemichael, Director of U.S. Policy and 
        Government Affairs, Global Citizen
          Jordie Hannum, Executive Director, Better World 
        Campaign
          Danielle Heiberg, Advocacy Advisor, Global Water 2020
          Howard Kohr, CEO, AIPAC
          Jamie Bay Nishi, Director, Global Health Technologies 
        Coalition
          Doug O'Brien, President and CEO, National Cooperative 
        Business Association CLUSA International
          Kate O'Brien, Representative, The TB Roundtable
          William ``Bill'' O'Keefe, Executive Vice President 
        for Mission, Mobilization, and Advocacy, Catholic 
        Relief Services
          Dafna Rand, Vice President for Policy and Research, 
        Mercy Corps
          Joan Rosenhauer, Executive Director, Jesuit Refugee 
        Service/USA
          Conor Savoy, Executive Director, Modernizing Foreign 
        Assistance Network (MFAN)
          Liz Schrayer, President and CEO, U.S. Global 
        Leadership Coalition (USGLC)
          Stanton Soderstrom, Executive Director, Kiwanis 
        International
          Kate Wall, Senior Legislative Manager, International 
        Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW)
          Dan West, Senior Advocate, Government Affairs, 
        Natural Resources Defense Council
          Jesse Young, Policy Lead, Climate Change, Oxfam 
        America

      Comparative Statement of New Budget (Obligational) Authority

    The following table provides a detailed summary, for each 
department and agency, comparing the amounts recommended in the 
bill with fiscal year 2020 enacted amounts and budget estimates 
presented for fiscal year 2021:



                             MINORITY VIEWS

    We appreciate the collegial and collaborative efforts of 
Full Committee and Subcommittee Chairwoman, Nita Lowey, in 
producing a State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs 
Appropriations bill that includes bipartisan priorities that 
support our national security and reflect the character of our 
country.
    Chief among them is the $3,300,000,000 in Foreign Military 
Financing Program for our great ally Israel. The bill also 
maintains funding at last year's level for other close partners 
in the Near East, including Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, and 
Tunisia. Funding is maintained at the current level for embassy 
security to help ensure the safety and security of our 
diplomats and development experts serving abroad. During such 
turbulent times, when United States personnel and facilities 
face daily threats, these investments remain a bipartisan 
priority. Funding is also continued to strengthen international 
efforts to combat the flow of drugs into our country and tackle 
transnational crime oversees. These efforts go hand-in-hand 
with the work we do here at home in the relentless fight 
against drug abuse and addiction. In addition, the bill 
continues support for important programs within global health, 
such as maternal and child health, nutrition, tuberculosis, the 
PEPFAR program, and important contributions to the Global Fund 
to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, and Gavi, the Vaccine 
Alliance. These are only some of the examples where we have 
agreement on both sides of the aisle, and we thank the Chair 
for accommodating as many shared priorities as possible.
    We are pleased we were able to find common ground with the 
Majority in the Managers' Amendment to address several issues 
important to our Members such as: restoring the fiscal year 
2020 level for the National Endowment for Democracy; providing 
additional flexibility to the United States International 
Development Finance Corporation; strengthening cybersecurity 
programs with our allies and partners abroad; and emphasizing 
certain conservation and food security programs.
    Despite the common priorities funded in the bill, the 
inclusion of partisan riders attacking pro-life positions, 
funding unauthorized and controversial climate bodies, and the 
removal of common-sense oversight requirements, we do not 
support advancing the bill as written at this time.
    Amendments were offered by both Ranking Members to address 
concerns on pro-life issues, oversight of the United National 
and international organizations, and on misguided spending 
priorities. Ranking Member Granger offered an amendment that 
restores long-standing conditions on assistance to the United 
Nations and international organizations related to transparency 
and accountability. The amendment also conditioned funding to 
the World Health Organization (WHO) until the Secretary of 
State certifies and reports to the appropriate congressional 
committees that the WHO is taking steps to: conduct and 
evaluation of the origins of the coronavirus outbreak and the 
role of the Chinese Communist Party in the spread of COVID-19; 
and carry out reforms of the International Health Regulations. 
Our Republican Members supported this amendment in recognition 
that the United Nations and international organizations require 
oversight, and that meaningful reforms in pursuit of 
transparency and efficiency rarely happen without the leverage 
that comes from conditions on assistance. Although the 
amendment was defeated 21-29, officials at the United Nations 
and the World Health Organization should know there are many 
Members of Congress who will not stop in pursuit of these 
reforms.
    Ranking Member Rogers offered two amendments. The first 
amendment addresses priority pro-life issues in the bill by 
striking all language related to the Mexico City Policy, making 
the bill identical to current law on this issue. As drafted by 
the Majority, the bill prohibits funds in this and prior acts 
for the implementation of the expanded Mexico City Policy and 
it amends the authorizing statute to make the Mexico City 
Policy permanently prohibited. It also proposed striking the 
funding increase mandated in the bill for family planning and 
the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and inserting a 
funding prohibition for UNFPA in recognition that the 
organization violates the most basic respect for human life 
through its support for coercive abortion and forced 
sterilization. The amendment also sought to restore long-
standing agreed upon language with respect to global health 
authorities. Finally, the amendment rejected the unprecedented 
changes in the bill intended to weaken the Kemp-Kasten 
provision on coercive abortion and forced sterilization. The 
amendment was defeated 21-29, but Republican Committee Members 
were unified in their concerns about language undoing pro-life 
measures.
    Ranking Member Rogers' second amendment aimed to 
reprioritize funding from controversial and ill-advised climate 
activities to critical programs to counter Chinese influence. 
The amendment proposed striking the requirement to spend 
$500,000,000 on international climate funds, like the 
controversial Green Climate Fund. Congress has yet to 
appropriate any funding specifically designated for the Green 
Climate Fund and yet, the United States contributed 
$1,000,000,000 under the previous administration.
    The amendment proposed a smarter investment by shifting 
funds to address one of the most pressing national security 
challenges of our time, the strategic competition between the 
United States and the People's Republic of China (PRC). More 
than 40 years after the United States established diplomatic 
relations with the PRC, it is clear that past policies 
underestimated the will of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to 
challenge the post--World War II international order in the 
Indo-Pacific and beyond. What happens now will be immensely 
consequential for the rules, standards, and institutions that 
will shape international politics for years to come. 
Accordingly, it is critical that the United States adequately 
resource investments in the Indo-Pacific and elsewhere to 
counter the influence of the CCP globally by working with 
allies and partners in ways that respect the sovereignty and 
the independence of nations, support peaceful resolution of 
disputes, address transnational threats, promote economic 
prosperity, as well as increase transparency and good 
governance. Republican Committee Members were united in support 
of prioritizing funds for this purpose, but the amendment was 
defeated 21-29.
    In closing, we remain concerned about unsustainable 
spending levels across the bills and partisan riders that will 
jeopardize enactment of any final legislation. For the State, 
Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Bill, 
there is no higher priority than maintaining the pro-life 
protections negotiated in the final fiscal year 2020 bill, 
ensuring oversight of international organizations, and 
prioritizing funding for national security priorities such as 
the Countering Chinese Influence Fund. We want to work with the 
Majority as we proceed through the legislative process so that 
the many bipartisan issues of great national importance in this 
bill will receive the support they deserve.

                                   Kay Granger.
                                   Harold Rogers.