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[House Report 116-455]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]


116th Congress    }                                      {      Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                      {     116-455

======================================================================



 
 COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 
                                  2021

                                _______
                                

 July 16, 2020.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

   Mr. Serrano, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 7667]

    The Committee on Appropriations submits the following 
report in explanation of the accompanying bill making 
appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2021, and for 
other purposes.

                        INDEX TO BILL AND REPORT

                                                            Page number

                                                            Bill Report
Title I--Department of Commerce............................     2
                                                                     12
Title II--Department of Justice............................    24
                                                                     54
Title III--Science.........................................    84
                                                                    115
        Office of Science and Technology Policy............    84
                                                                    115
        National Space Council.............................    85
                                                                    116
        National Aeronautics and Space Administration......    85
                                                                    116
        National Science Foundation........................    95
                                                                    130
Title IV--Related Agencies.................................    99
                                                                    138
        Commission on Civil Rights.........................    99
                                                                    138
        Equal Employment Opportunity Commission............   100
                                                                    138
        International Trade Commission.....................   101
                                                                    139
        Legal Services Corporation.........................   101
                                                                    139
        Marine Mammal Commission...........................   103
                                                                    140
        Office of the United States Trade Representative...   103
                                                                    140
        State Justice Institute............................   104
                                                                    141
Title V--General Provisions................................   105
                                                                    141
        House of Representatives Reporting Requirements....
                                                                    145
        Minority Views.....................................
                                                                    198

                         Highlights of the Bill

    The Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies 
Subcommittee has jurisdiction over a diverse group of agencies 
responsible for promoting economic development; researching 
climate change and mitigating its impacts; protecting civil 
rights; promoting criminal justice reform; combating violent 
crime, financial fraud, terrorism, espionage, and drug 
trafficking; addressing gun violence; ensuring access to 
justice; enforcing trade laws; conducting periodic censuses; 
forecasting the weather; managing fisheries; exploring space; 
and advancing science. The activities of these agencies impact 
every American and are integral to the operations of our 
government.
    The bill provides a total of $71,472,700,000 in 
discretionary budget authority for fiscal year 2021. Within the 
level of funds provided, the bill prioritizes funding to help 
reform law enforcement practices across the country and to 
ensure the civil rights of all Americans. The bill also 
prioritizes numerous public investments important for job 
creation, infrastructure improvements, American 
competitiveness, public safety, climate research and other 
scientific research, and improving the accuracy of weather 
forecasting. In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and 
Economic Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included 
funding to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus, 
including $1,886,000,000 for the Department of Commerce; 
$1,007,000,000 for the Department of Justice; $60,000,000 for 
the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; $76,000,000 
for the National Science Foundation; and $50,000,000 for the 
Legal Services Corporation.
    Policing Reform and Racial Justice.--The Committee takes 
very seriously its solemn obligation to help improve the state 
of policing and ensure racial justice in the United States. The 
appalling mistreatment of African Americans and other 
minorities at the hands of police officers in communities 
throughout the country is a longstanding epidemic that demands 
immediate reforms throughout the Nation, including decisive and 
meaningful action from this Committee. To that end, the 
Committee has included a number of responsible investments and 
reforms. The Committee's recommendation includes the following:
           Provides $165,998,000 for the Civil Rights 
        Division of the Department of Justice, an increase of 
        $17,759,000 above fiscal year 2020. Within this amount, 
        an increase of not less than $10,000,000 is provided 
        for investigations and enforcement related to the 
        patterns and practices of police departments, including 
        compliance with consent decrees. In addition, increases 
        of $10,000,000 within the appropriation for United 
        States Attorneys and $5,000,000 within the Federal 
        Bureau of Investigation (FBI) are provided for this 
        same purpose.
           Prohibits funds from being used to implement 
        the Attorney General Memorandum dated November 7, 2018, 
        entitled ``Principles and Procedures for Civil Consent 
        Decrees and Settlement Agreements with State and Local 
        Governmental Entities''. This memorandum puts 
        significant limits on the ability of the Federal 
        Government to help reform policing practices in local 
        communities.
           Directs the Attorney General to take the 
        lead in developing and implementing strong and uniform 
        accreditation standards for Federal, State, and local 
        law enforcement, based on an analysis of existing 
        accreditation standards and methodology development by 
        law enforcement accreditation organizations nationwide, 
        as well as the May 2015 recommendations of the 
        President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing.
           Prohibits Justice Department funds from 
        being made available for any law enforcement agency of 
        any State or unit of local government unless the 
        Attorney General has certified that such agency has 
        begun or completed the process of obtaining 
        accreditation from a certified law enforcement 
        accreditation organization.
           Directs the Attorney General to establish a 
        program to improve training for all Federal, State, and 
        local law enforcement officers, including the 
        development of standards that can be applied in hiring 
        and performance assessments, specifically aimed at 
        racial profiling, implicit bias, and procedural 
        justice, as well as the use of force and the duty for 
        officers to intervene when witnessing the use of 
        excessive force against civilians. The recommendation 
        further directs the Attorney General to establish 
        standards for such training to be adopted nationwide.
           Establishes and provides $5,000,000 for a 
        National Task Force on Law Enforcement Oversight. This 
        Task Force is designed to coordinate the detection and 
        referral of complaints regarding incidents of alleged 
        law enforcement misconduct nationwide, in consultation 
        with professional law enforcement associations, labor 
        organizations, and community-based organizations.
           Provides $500,000 for the development and 
        implementation of a National Police Misconduct 
        Registry, designed to serve as a central repository of 
        data with respect to all Federal, State, and local law 
        enforcement officers, to be compiled and maintained by 
        the Department of Justice. This would provide a 
        publicly available resource to help ensure 
        accountability and transparency and help restore trust 
        in the credibility of the Nation's law enforcement 
        agencies and improve relationships between them and the 
        communities they serve.
           Prohibits any State or unit of local 
        government from receiving any Byrne JAG program funds 
        or COPS program funds, unless the United States 
        Attorney General certifies that the jurisdiction 
        satisfies all of the following requirements:
          1. Maintains adequate policies and procedures 
        designed to eliminate racial profiling in law 
        enforcement, and has eliminated any existing practices 
        that permit or encourage racial profiling in law 
        enforcement;
          2. Requires each law enforcement officer in the State 
        or unit of local government to complete training 
        programs on racial profiling, implicit bias, de-
        escalation, use of force and a duty to intervene in 
        cases where another law enforcement officer is using 
        excessive force against a civilian, and procedural 
        justice;
          3. Has in effect a law that prohibits law enforcement 
        officers from using a chokehold or carotid hold, 
        consistent with the requirements as described in 
        section 363 of H.R. 7120, The George Floyd Justice in 
        Policing Act, as passed by the House of Representatives 
        on June 25, 2020;
          4. Has in effect a law that prohibits law enforcement 
        officers from using less lethal force, consistent with 
        the requirements as described in section 364 of H.R. 
        7120;
          5. Has in effect a law that prohibits law enforcement 
        officers from using deadly force, consistent with the 
        requirements as described in section 364 of H.R. 7120;
          6. Has in effect a law that prohibits the issuance of 
        a ``no-knock warrant'' in a drug case, consistent with 
        the requirements as described in section 362 of H.R. 
        7120;
          7. Has provided the United States Attorney General a 
        law enforcement practice report that includes 
        information on the race, ethnicity, age, and gender of 
        the officers and employees of the law enforcement 
        agency and of members of the public involved in:
                  (a) traffic violation stops;
                  (b) pedestrian stops;
                  (c) frisk and body searches; and
                  (d) instances where officers or employees of 
                the law enforcement agency used deadly force, 
                including detailed information on such 
                instances.
          8. Has not entered into or renewed any contractual 
        arrangement, including a collective bargaining 
        agreement with a labor organization, that:
                  (a) would prevent the Attorney General from 
                seeking or enforcing equitable or declaratory 
                relief against a law enforcement agency 
                engaging in a pattern or practice of 
                unconstitutional misconduct, or
                  (b) conflicts with any terms or conditions 
                contained in a consent decree.
           Prohibits any State or unit of local 
        government from receiving any Byrne JAG program funds 
        or COPS program funds, unless the United States 
        Attorney General certifies that the jurisdiction 
        (including all members of multi-jurisdictional or 
        regional consortia applying for COPS funds) has in 
        effect a law that makes it a criminal offense for any 
        person acting under color of law to engage in a sexual 
        act with an individual, including an individual who is 
        under arrest, in detention, or otherwise in the actual 
        custody of any law enforcement officer.
           Requires ten percent of each applicant's 
        Byrne JAG formula funds to be spent to develop and 
        implement best practice devices and systems to 
        eliminate racial profiling, including training to 
        prevent racial profiling and to encourage more 
        respectful interaction with the public, the acquisition 
        and use of technology to facilitate the accurate 
        collection and analysis of data, the development and 
        acquisition of feedback systems and technologies that 
        identify officers or units of officers engaged in, or 
        at risk of engaging in, racial profiling or other 
        misconduct, and the establishment and maintenance of an 
        administrative complaint procedure or independent 
        auditor program.
           Requires five percent of each applicant's 
        Byrne JAG formula funds to be spent to assist law 
        enforcement agencies of the applicant, including campus 
        public safety departments, gain or maintain 
        accreditation from certified law enforcement 
        accreditation organizations.
           Requires five percent of each applicant's 
        Byrne JAG formula funds to be used to study and 
        implement effective management, training, recruiting, 
        hiring, and oversight standards and programs to promote 
        effective community and problem solving strategies for 
        law enforcement agencies.
           Requires five percent of each applicant's 
        Byrne JAG formula funds to be used to purchase or lease 
        body-worn cameras for use by State, local, and tribal 
        law enforcement officers; for expenses related to the 
        implementation of a body-worn camera program in order 
        to deter excessive force, improve accountability and 
        transparency of use of force by law enforcement 
        officers, and improve evidence collection; or to 
        implement policies or procedures to be consistent with 
        requirements as described in section 382 of H.R. 7120, 
        as passed by the House of Representatives on June 25, 
        2020. The recommendation additionally includes 
        $27,500,000 for the competitive matching grant program 
        for purchases of body-worn cameras for State, local and 
        Tribal law enforcement.
           Provides $50,000,000 for grants to train 
        State and local law enforcement officers on racial 
        profiling, implicit bias, de-escalation, use of force 
        and a duty to intervene when witnessing other officers 
        using excessive force, and procedural justice.
           Provides $100,000,000 for grants to assist 
        states in conducting pattern and practice 
        investigations of law enforcement.
           Provides $7,200,000 for grants to support 
        State and local law enforcement in complying with 
        reform efforts as a result of litigation including, but 
        not limited to, consent decrees, out of court 
        agreements, memoranda of understanding, findings, 
        technical assistance, and recommendation letters from 
        reform authorities.
           Provides $250,000,000 for grants to states 
        and tribes to assist in implementing statutes providing 
        for independent investigation of law enforcement 
        officers.
           Provides $25,000,000 for grants to 
        community-based organizations to study and implement: 
        (1) effective management, training, recruiting, hiring, 
        and oversight standards and programs to promote 
        effective community and problem solving strategies for 
        law enforcement agencies; or (2) effective strategies 
        and solutions to public safety, including strategies 
        that do not rely on Federal or local law enforcement 
        agency responses. The studies shall address standards 
        relating to administrative due process, residency 
        requirements, compensation and benefits, use of force, 
        racial profiling, early warning systems, juvenile 
        justice, school safety, civilian review boards or 
        analogous procedures, or research into the 
        effectiveness of existing programs, projects, or other 
        activities designed to address misconduct by law 
        enforcement officers.
           Provides $25,000,000 for pilot programs and 
        the implementation of effective standards and programs 
        in the areas of training, hiring and recruitment, and 
        oversight that are designed to improve management and 
        address misconduct by law enforcement officers. In 
        addition, not less than $4,000,000 is separately 
        provided within the COPS account to develop best 
        practices for, and to create, civilian review boards, 
        consistent with the requirements as described in 
        section 104(b) of H.R. 7120 as passed by the House of 
        Representatives on June 25, 2020.
           Provides $15,000,000 for technical 
        assistance grants to tribes and small law enforcement 
        agencies (employing 100 or fewer officers) to help them 
        comply with the requirements of H.R. 7120, as passed by 
        the House of Representatives on June 25, 2020, related 
        to reporting data on the use of force by law 
        enforcement officers.
           Provides $5,000,000 for grants within the 
        Byrne JAG program for the development of best practices 
        for, and the creation of, local task forces on public 
        safety innovation.
           Provides $5,000,000 for up to five technical 
        assistance grants for data collection on the hit rates 
        for stops and searches by law enforcement agencies, and 
        provides $500,000 for analysis and evaluation of this 
        data.
           Provides $20,300,000 for the Community 
        Relations Service, an increase of $4,300,000 above 
        fiscal year 2020, including $3,300,000 for additional 
        conflict resolution efforts as authorized in section 
        116(2) of H.R. 7120 as passed by the House of 
        Representatives on June 25, 2020.
           Provides $12,000,000 for the U.S. Commission 
        on Civil Rights, an increase of $1,935,000 above fiscal 
        year 2020, including additional funding in support of 
        the Commission's efforts to further research and advise 
        on the topic of policing reform.
           Provides $6,000,000 for domestic 
        radicalization research and directs the National 
        Institute of Justice (NIJ) to prioritize funding toward 
        research efforts that explore the radicalization of 
        Americans to white nationalist extremism and identify 
        and advance evidence-based strategies for effective 
        intervention and prevention.
           Directs the FBI to report on the number of 
        incidents in fiscal years 2016 through 2020 that 
        required surveillance, investigation, and prosecution 
        of white supremacist activity or racially motivated 
        violent extremism associated with white supremacist 
        ideology.
           Directs NIJ to conduct a study to identify 
        evidence-based procedures, practices, trainings, and 
        policies that both reduce the use of excessive force by 
        law enforcement as well as support the effective use of 
        de-escalation training to resolve confrontations 
        peacefully.
           Directs NIJ to conduct a nationwide study of 
        the prevalence and effect of any law, rule, or 
        procedure that allows a law enforcement officer to 
        delay the response to questions posed by a local 
        internal affairs officer, or review board on the 
        investigative integrity and prosecution of law 
        enforcement misconduct, including pre-interview 
        warnings and termination policies, consistent with 
        requirements as described in section 115 of H.R. 7120 
        as passed by the House of Representatives on June 25, 
        2020.
    In addition, the recommendation includes the following 
further measures aimed at ensuring racial justice:
           Provides $8,000,000 for grants authorized 
        under the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate 
        Crimes Prevention Act (Public Law 111-84) to help 
        states, localities, and tribal law enforcement agencies 
        to conduct educational outreach and training on hate 
        crimes, and to investigate and prosecute hate crimes.
           Provides $13,500,000, as authorized, in 
        support of the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crimes 
        Reauthorization Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-325) to 
        investigate and prosecute previously unresolved civil 
        rights era ``cold case'' murders suspected of having 
        been racially motivated, through a partnership among 
        the Criminal Section of the Civil Rights Division, the 
        Civil Rights Unit of the FBI, the Community Relations 
        Service, State and local law enforcement officials, and 
        other eligible entities.
           Provides $408,700,000 for the Equal 
        Employment Opportunity Commission, an increase of 
        $19,200,000 above fiscal year 2020.
           Provides $52,000,000 for the Minority 
        Business Development Agency, an increase of $10,000,000 
        above fiscal year 2020, to help create jobs and expand 
        business growth opportunities among minority-owned U.S. 
        companies.
    Infrastructure and Economic Growth.--This bill invests in 
our nation's infrastructure improvement needs by providing 
$356,000,000 for the Economic Development Administration (EDA), 
an increase of $23,000,000 above fiscal year 2020, including 
increases for EDA's Public Works program, Regional Innovation 
Strategies program, and other EDA programs. These funds will 
support the Nation's economic recovery and provide the 
foundation for future growth in jobs and our standard of 
living.
    The bill also helps expand economic growth in other ways. 
The recommendation includes $153,000,000 for the Manufacturing 
Extension Partnership program, an increase of $7,000,000 above 
fiscal year 2020. This program helps small- and medium-sized 
U.S. manufacturers create jobs and expand business growth 
opportunities. A robust funding increase is provided for the 
International Trade Administration, to create jobs by expanding 
U.S. exports and fighting the unfair trade practices of other 
countries. Furthermore, the full budget request of 
$3,695,295,000 is provided for the U.S. Patent and Trademark 
Office (PTO), to enable PTO to promote innovation in the United 
States by protecting our nation's intellectual property rights 
both at home and abroad.
    The bill also ensures responsible investments in the future 
of our Nation's economy and workforce by providing increases 
for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) 
engagement at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
(NASA) and the National Science Foundation (NSF), as well as an 
increase for EDA's STEM Apprenticeship Pilot Program to create 
and expand STEM apprenticeships and other workforce training 
models. Within the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology, strong funding increases are provided for research 
efforts related to key future technologies, including quantum 
information science and artificial intelligence.
    All of these investments in our economy are especially 
important now, as the Nation continues to deal with the very 
real economic consequences associated with the coronavirus 
pandemic.
    Census Bureau.--The bill provides the full budget request 
for Periodic Censuses and Programs, to enable the Census Bureau 
to effectively finish its work on the constitutionally-required 
decennial census.
    Efforts Addressing Climate Change.--The bill provides 
strong and responsible funding increases for critical efforts 
to better understand, and prepare for, the Earth's changing 
climate. Notable funding increases are provided for NASA Earth 
Science activities as well as for climate research activities 
of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 
Both areas have been repeatedly targeted by the Administration 
for large funding cuts and eliminations. This bill once again 
rejects those proposals. The recommendation also increases 
funding for NOAA's National Coastal Resiliency Fund. This 
competitive grant program funds natural infrastructure 
solutions to help protect coastal areas threatened by rising 
sea level and other impacts of climate change. Furthermore, the 
recommendation includes funding increases both for NOAA's 
Coastal Zone Management grant program, and to enhance the 
National Weather Service's ability to accurately forecast 
extreme weather events.
    Fighting the Opioid Epidemic.--The bill provides 
substantial resources to address the opioid epidemic. To assist 
State and local governments, the bill provides strong funding 
increases for grants authorized by the Comprehensive Addiction 
and Recovery Act. For Federal law enforcement, the bill 
maintains funding to support Federal law enforcement's ability 
to investigate and prosecute traffickers in opioids and other 
dangerous drugs.
    Justice Grants.--The bill provides other responsible 
increases for Department of Justice grant assistance. For 
programs funded under the Violence Against Women Act, the bill 
provides $525,000,000, an increase of $22,500,000 above fiscal 
year 2020. For school safety, the bill provides $140,000,000, 
an increase of $15,000,000, to fund the STOP School Violence 
Act of 2018. In addition, the bill increases funding for other 
activities that will address school violence, such as youth 
mentoring grants and grants for juvenile justice and 
delinquency prevention.
    Preventing Gun Violence.--The bill also takes important 
steps towards addressing gun violence in this country. The bill 
maintains current funding for the FBI's National Instant 
Criminal Background Check System (NICS) and provides a strong 
funding increase for grants to help States improve their 
submissions into the NICS system. The bill also increases 
funding for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and 
Explosives (ATF) by $150,000,000 above fiscal year 2020 to hire 
additional investigative personnel and expand oversight of 
Federal Firearms Licensees.
    Legal Services Corporation.--The recommendation makes a 
strong commitment to ensuring access to justice for all 
Americans by providing $465,000,000 for the Legal Services 
Corporation, an increase of $25,000,000 above fiscal year 2020.
    First Step Act and Second Chance Act.--The recommendation 
includes not less than $165,000,000, an increase of $90,000,000 
above fiscal year 2020, for programs authorized under the First 
Step Act of 2018, to expand and develop opportunities for 
incarcerated individuals to participate in evidence-based, 
recidivism-reducing programming and productive activities. The 
recommendation also includes $100,000,000 for Second Chance Act 
grants, an increase of $10,000,000 above fiscal year 2020.
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).--For 
NASA, the bill includes $22,629,000,000, equal to fiscal year 
2020, including strong funding levels for NASA's science, human 
space exploration, space technology, aeronautics research, and 
STEM Engagement programs, many of which have been repeatedly 
targeted for reduction or even elimination in the 
Administration's budget requests.
    Other Science Investments.--The recommendation makes other 
strong investments in science as well, providing $8,548,343,000 
for the National Science Foundation, an increase of 
$270,013,000 above fiscal year 2020, and $789,000,000 for 
scientific and technical research and services of the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology, an increase of 
$35,000,000 above fiscal year 2020.

                      Oversight and Budget Review

    In furtherance of the Committee's oversight 
responsibilities and to protect hard-earned taxpayer dollars, 
the Committee has included language that:
           Provides strong funding increases for the 
        agency inspectors general funded in this bill.
           Caps total life-cycle costs for programs 
        that have a record of poor performance.
           Prohibits funding for the National Technical 
        Information Service to charge customers for a copy of a 
        document generated by the Legislative Branch unless the 
        customer is informed how to receive an electronic copy 
        free online.
           Prohibits the Executive Office for 
        Immigration Review from using case completion quotas in 
        immigration judge performance evaluations.
           Maintains limitations on the Department of 
        Justice's use of non-appropriated funds, including the 
        Working Capital Fund and the Assets Forfeiture Fund.
           Requires quarterly reporting of unobligated 
        balances.
           Requires agencies procuring sensitive 
        information technology systems to conduct supply chain 
        risk assessments.
           Requires contractors and grantees receiving 
        more than $5,000,000 to certify that they are not 
        delinquent on their Federal taxes.
           Prohibits funds from being used to purchase 
        first class and premium airline travel.
           Limits the number of agency staff who can 
        attend overseas conferences.
           Requires agencies to track undisbursed grant 
        balances.
           Requires agencies to submit spending plans 
        for the Committee's review.
           Requires agencies to notify the Committee of 
        project cost overruns and mitigation plans.
           Requires agency computer networks to block 
        pornography.
    Paper Reduction Efforts.--The Committee urges the 
Departments of Commerce and Justice, the National Science 
Foundation, and NASA to work with the Office of Management and 
Budget to reduce printing and reproduction costs and directs 
each agency to report to the Committee within 60 days of the 
enactment of this Act on the steps it has taken to achieve this 
goal. The report should specifically identify how much funding 
each agency expects to save by implementing these measures.
    Performance Measures.--The Committee directs all agencies 
funded by this Act to comply with title 31 of the United States 
Code, including the development of their organizational 
priority goals and outcomes such as performance outcome 
measures, output measures, efficiency measures, and customer 
service measures. The Committee directs all agencies funded by 
this Act to report on their implementation plans for these 
measures within 60 days of the enactment of this Act, and looks 
forward to receiving the reports on this subject as directed in 
House Report 116-101.
    Customer Service.--The Committee continues to support 
efforts to improve customer service in accordance with 
Executive Order 13571--Streamlining Service Delivery and 
Improving Customer Service. The Committee directs all agencies 
funded by this Act to develop standards to improve customer 
service and incorporate the standards into the performance 
plans required under 31 U.S.C. 1115. The Committee directs all 
agencies funded by this Act to report on their implementation 
plans regarding this subject no later than 60 days after 
enactment of this Act, and looks forward to receiving the 
reports on this subject as directed in House Report 116-101.
    Federal Advertising.--The Committee understands that, as 
the largest advertiser in the United States, the Federal 
Government should work to ensure fair access to its advertising 
contracts for small disadvantaged businesses and businesses 
owned by minorities and women. The Committee directs each 
department and agency funded by this Act to include the 
following information in its fiscal year 2022 budget 
justification: Expenditures for fiscal year 2020 and expected 
expenditures for fiscal years 2021 and 2022, respectively, for 
(1) all contracts for advertising services; and (2) contracts 
for the advertising services of: (a) socially and economically 
disadvantaged small business concerns (as defined in section 
8(a)(4) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)(4)); and 
(b) women- and minority-owned businesses.
    Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency.--The 
Committee notes the importance of ensuring access to Federal 
services and programs for all persons with limited English 
proficiency. Therefore, the Committee directs agencies and 
programs funded in this Act to comply fully with the 
requirements of Executive Order 13166, ``Improving Access to 
Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency,'' and on 
an ongoing basis, review and improve their efforts to provide 
meaningful access to the programs, services, and information 
they provide.

                        Reprogramming Procedures

    Section 505 of the bill contains language concerning the 
reprogramming of funds between programs, projects, and 
activities. The Committee reminds the departments and agencies 
funded in this bill that the reprogramming process is based on 
comity between the Congress and the Executive Branch. This 
process is intended to provide departments and agencies enough 
flexibility to meet changing circumstances and emergent 
requirements not known at the time of congressional review of 
the budget while preserving congressional priorities and 
intent. In the absence of comity and respect for the 
prerogatives of the Appropriations Committees and the Congress 
in general, the Committee may opt to include specific program 
limitations and details in legislation and remove language 
providing the flexibility to reallocate funds. Under these 
circumstances, programs, projects, and activities become 
absolutes and the Executive Branch shall lose the ability to 
propose changes in the use of appropriated funds except through 
legislative action.
    Each department and agency funded in this Act shall follow 
the directions set forth in this bill and the accompanying 
report and shall not reallocate resources or reorganize 
activities except as provided herein. Reprogramming procedures 
shall apply to funds provided in this Act, unobligated balances 
from previous appropriations Acts that are available for 
obligation or expenditure in fiscal year 2021, and non-
appropriated resources such as fee collections that are used to 
meet program requirements in fiscal year 2021. As specified in 
section 505, the Committee expects that the Appropriations 
Subcommittees on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies of the House and Senate will be notified by letter a 
minimum of 15 days prior to any reprogramming of funds that--
    (1) creates or initiates a new program, project, or 
activity;
    (2) eliminates a program, project, or activity;
    (3) increases funds or personnel by any means for any 
project or activity for which funds have been denied or 
restricted;
    (4) relocates an office or employees;
    (5) reorganizes or renames offices, programs, or 
activities;
    (6) contracts out or privatizes any functions or activities 
presently performed by Federal employees;
    (7) augments existing programs, projects, or activities 
more than $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, or reduces 
by 10 percent funding for any program, project, or activity, or 
numbers of personnel by 10 percent; or
    (8) results from any general savings, including savings 
from a reduction in personnel, which would result in a change 
in existing programs, projects, or activities as approved by 
Congress.
    The Committee recognizes that the coronavirus pandemic may 
lead to unanticipated yet unavoidable agency costs that could 
require budgetary transfers and reprogrammings. However, the 
Committee expects to be promptly notified in advance of all 
such actions.
    Any reprogramming request shall include any out-year 
budgetary impacts and a separate accounting of program or 
mission impacts on estimated carryover funds. The Committee 
further expects any department or agency funded in this bill 
that plans a reduction-in-force to notify the Committee by 
letter at least 30 days in advance of the date of any such 
planned personnel action.

            Relationship With Budget and Comptroller Offices

    Through the years the Appropriations Committee has 
channeled most of its inquiries and requests for information 
and assistance through the budget offices or comptroller 
organizations of the various departments, agencies, and 
commissions. Such relationships are necessary to accomplish the 
work of the Committee. While the Committee reserves the right 
to call upon all organizations in the departments, agencies and 
commissions for information and assistance, the primary contact 
between the Committee and these entities must be through the 
budget offices and comptroller organizations, or through a 
legislative affairs unit designated by the Committee to work on 
appropriations and budget matters.
    The workload generated in the budget process is large and 
growing; therefore, a positive, responsive relationship between 
the Committee and the budget and/or comptroller offices is 
essential for the Committee to fulfill the Constitutional 
appropriations responsibilities of Congress.

                                TITLE I


                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE


                   International Trade Administration


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends $542,428,000 in total resources 
for the programs of the International Trade Administration 
(ITA), which is $21,178,000 above fiscal year 2020 and 
$57,021,000 above the request. This amount is offset by 
$11,000,000 in estimated fee collections, resulting in a direct 
appropriation of $531,428,000. The recommendation fully 
supports the staffing requirements to help ITA provide critical 
expertise in both trade promotion and facilitation as well as 
enforcement. The Committee directs ITA to continue to provide 
quarterly updates as described in the Explanatory Statement 
accompanying Public Law 116-93.
    Industry and Analysis.--The recommendation continues 
support for the Survey of International Air Travelers (SIAT) at 
no less than the fiscal year 2020 level and encourages ITA to 
include an assessment of the impacts of the coronavirus on the 
travel and tourism industries in future SIAT surveys. Further, 
the Committee directs ITA to provide a report to the Committee 
no later than 60 days after enactment of this Act outlining 
next steps the Federal government can take to assist industry 
as efforts to recover from this crisis are underway. 
Additionally, the report should include policy recommendations 
or legislative proposals that may be considered.
    Enforcement and Compliance.--The recommendation fully funds 
Enforcement and Compliance at the requested level. The 
Committee commends ITA for its expansion of the existing Steel 
Import Monitoring and Analysis system to include aluminum. The 
new Aluminum Import Monitoring and Analysis (AIMA) system 
provides the public statistical data on aluminum imports 
entering the United States and provides as an early warning 
system to the public regarding aluminum imports from throughout 
the world. The recommendation supports the $800,000 requested 
to support the AIMA system and will help enhance data analytics 
and research into aluminum global trade trends.
    In fiscal year 2002, ITA had 168 analysts spread among nine 
different Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duty (AD/CVD) 
enforcement offices and initiated 60 new AD/CVD investigations. 
However, last year ITA initiated a similar number of 
investigations and issued a historically high number of AD/CVD 
orders with roughly 20 percent fewer staff spread among eight 
enforcement offices. ITA is directed to prioritize Anti-Dumping 
and Countervailing Duty (AD/CVD) operations and the new Anti-
Circumvention and Evasion Unit by directing necessary resources 
to promptly respond to any increase in AD/CVD cases by taking 
steps to fill vacancies. The Committee also encourages ITA to 
continue to self-initiate AD/CVD proceedings, particularly with 
regard to unfair trade practices that result in economic harm 
to small businesses and producers, especially those with 
regional and seasonal impacts, and include updates on these 
efforts in ITA's quarterly updates to the Committee.
    Global Markets.--The recommendation provides $348,000,000 
for Global Markets, $67,681,000 above the request. The 
Committee directs ITA to ensure that all U.S. Export Assistance 
Centers have onsite, full-time permanent staff members and 
further directs ITA to include in its quarterly updates a 
progress report on these efforts, by location. The Committee 
further directs ITA to provide a supplement report, due no 
later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, providing a 
staffing plan for any Export Assistance Center that did not 
have a full-time permanent staff person in fiscal year 2020. 
This report shall include a breakdown of all related costs to 
maintain these locations and a timeframe for staffing these 
locations, with projected out-year costs.
    Efforts in the Territories.--The Committee is concerned by 
the relatively low levels of exports by small businesses, 
foreign direct investment from firms other than foreign 
subsidiaries of U.S. companies, and tourism as percentage of 
GDP in the territorial possessions of the United States. 
Multiple territories, but in particular Puerto Rico, have 
suffered from significant natural disasters and economic 
stagnation over the past several years, and the Committee 
believes ITA should play a more active role in helping to 
address these issues, as recommended in the 2016 Bipartisan 
Congressional Task Force on Economic Growth in Puerto Rico 
report to the House and Senate. Therefore, the Committee 
directs ITA to take all reasonable steps to educate 
stakeholders in Puerto Rico and other territorial possessions 
of the United States, including by holding educational and/or 
technical assistance events, and to provide direct technical 
assistance to territorial governments if requested. ITA shall 
report back to the Committee not later than 60 days after the 
enactment of this Act on its plans in this area.

                    Bureau of Industry and Security


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends $137,664,000 for the Bureau of 
Industry and Security (BIS), as requested, and $10,012,000 
above fiscal year 2020. The recommendation does not support the 
transfer of the Regulatory Policy Division to the Office of the 
Under Secretary.
    The Committee has heard concerns about how exclusions under 
section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 have been 
implemented and awaits the report directed in House Report 116-
101. Further, the Committee directs the Department to continue 
its quarterly reporting on the Section 232 exclusion process as 
described in the Explanatory Statement accompanying Public Law 
116-6.
    Tariff Exclusions for Aluminum Products.--The Committee 
recognizes the importance of the U.S. aluminum industry to our 
nation's safety, security, and prosperity. However, the 
Committee is concerned by industry reports suggesting that the 
Department has granted tariff exclusions for volumes of 
aluminum products that in some cases have exceeded historical 
import volumes and U.S. market demand. The Committee encourages 
the Commerce Department to improve its efforts to ensure that 
exclusion volumes are not unnecessarily disproportionate to 
historic import volumes and continue its efforts to leverage 
and advance domestic aluminum production through robust 
collaboration, research, and initiatives.
    3D-printed Firearms and Firearm Parts.--The Committee is 
aware that on March 9, 2020, a number of items on Categories I, 
II, and III of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations 
(ITAR) U.S. Munitions List (USML) were transferred to the 
Commerce Control List (CCL). The Committee notes that the 
exports of technology or software that can be used to 
manufacture 3D-printed firearms and firearm parts have not 
transferred while the matter is under pending litigation. 
Further, the Committee is aware that notifications to Congress 
that were once in place for items previously on the USML are no 
longer in effect as the Commerce Department does not currently 
have to notify Congress of firearms sales in excess of 
$1,000,000 as the State Department was required to do. The 
Committee urges the Department of Commerce to continue these 
notifications to Congress to ensure congressional oversight.

                  Economic Development Administration

    The Committee rejects the proposal to terminate the 
Economic Development Administration (EDA) and instead 
recommends $356,000,000 for the programs and administrative 
expenses of the EDA. In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, 
and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) 
included $1,500,000,000 for the EDA to prevent, prepare for, 
and respond to coronavirus, including to economic injury, 
domestically or internationally.
    Allocation of CARES Act Funds.--The Committee strongly 
disagrees with EDA's geographic distribution of the 
$1,500,000,000 provided in the CARES Act (Public Law 116-136), 
which directed EDA ``to prevent, prepare for, and respond to 
coronavirus, domestically or internationally, including for 
necessary expenses for responding to economic injury as a 
result of coronavirus.'' The Committee understands that in 
determining the geographic allocations, EDA did not consider 
any data that would indicate the relative levels of economic 
injury by region, despite the availability of leading economic 
indicators such as payroll records and unemployment claims. 
While the Committee appreciates the difficulty of assessing the 
economic injury of the ongoing economic calamity, that 
difficulty did not absolve EDA of their legal requirement to do 
so.
    Not later than 30 days after the enactment of this Act, EDA 
shall provide a report to the Committee that includes: (1) the 
methodology used in determining the geographic allocations of 
CARES Act funds, including the weighting of each variable in 
the allocation formula; (2) estimates of the relative economic 
injury incurred by each region due to the coronavirus, one 
using the most recent economic data, and another using data 
which was available as of April 10, 2020; and (3) an analysis 
of the discrepancy between the funding made available to each 
region and the relative economic injury. Further, details 
regarding the geographic allocations of funds as detailed in 
(1) above shall be provided in all future spend plans submitted 
to the Committee for all EDA funds.

                ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    The Committee provides $314,000,000 for the Economic 
Development Assistance Programs account for grants to 
economically distressed areas. The Committee notes with deep 
concern the increasing levels of inequality in the Nation which 
has been magnified by the COVID-19 pandemic. The Committee 
expects EDA will play a critical role in ensuring that no 
communities are left behind in the economic recovery that is to 
come and is committed to supporting EDA in this endeavor.
    Funds are to be distributed as follows; any deviation of 
funds shall be subject to the procedures set forth in section 
505 of this Act:

Public Works............................................    $122,000,000
Partnership Planning....................................      33,000,000
Technical Assistance....................................       9,500,000
Research and Evaluation.................................       1,500,000
Trade Adjustment Assistance.............................      13,500,000
Economic Adjustment Assistance..........................      40,000,000
Assistance to Coal Communities..........................      37,000,000
Regional Innovation Program.............................      35,000,000
Assistance to Nuclear Closure Communities...............      18,000,000
STEM Apprenticeship Pilot Program.......................       4,500,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total...............................................     314,000,000

    Assistance to Coal Communities.--The Committee continues to 
support Assistance to Coal Communities, which builds on the 
Committee's prior efforts to assist communities throughout the 
country that are suffering significant coal mining job losses. 
The recommendation includes $37,000,000 for Assistance to Coal 
Communities, which represents an increase of $7,000,000 from 
the amount provided in fiscal year 2020. The Committee 
appreciates that EDA has engaged and is collaborating with 
local leaders and stakeholders, along with other Federal 
agencies, to develop comprehensive strategies to promote 
economic growth in coal mining communities. The Committee 
expects this effort to continue. The Committee directs EDA to 
continue assisting communities that have yet to develop an 
economic development strategy to begin the planning process, 
and to continue to assist communities with such strategies to 
implement them, including by funding authorized economic 
development projects. EDA shall also continue reporting to the 
Committee on its efforts to assist coal communities, and the 
report shall include a detailed description regarding how EDA 
and other Federal agencies have assisted coal mining 
communities to date and how the Federal government plans to 
assist them in the future.
    National Advisory Council on Innovation and 
Entrepreneurship.--The Committee notes with concern the lapse 
of the activities of the National Advisory Council on 
Innovation and Entrepreneurship. EDA is directed to 
reconstitute this body within 180 days of the enactment of this 
Act to inform its work in strengthening the American economy.
    Public Works.--The Committee provides $122,000,000 for 
Public Works and encourages EDA to prioritize projects that are 
resilient to the changing climate as well as those that 
incorporate green infrastructure solutions.
    Regional Innovation Program.--The Committee encourages EDA 
to support the development of regional innovation clusters that 
focus on advanced wood products, which are a growing source of 
jobs in rural America and contribute to rural economic 
development. An initiative that successfully increased demand 
for wood products would also address several key land 
management priorities, including reducing forest treatment 
costs and wildfire risks. The Committee urges EDA to invest in 
university based, high tech business incubators to diversify 
distressed manufacturing and legacy urban and rural communities 
by encouraging entrepreneurship and promoting technology 
commercialization through business startups. Furthermore, this 
activity should support private-public partnerships for 
economic growth and job creation in areas of high unemployment.
    Nuclear Power Plant Closures.--The Committee notes that 
closures of nuclear power plants throughout the United States 
have had a significant impact on the economic foundations of 
surrounding communities through sudden job losses and a 
dramatic reduction to the local tax base. Additional plant 
closures are expected throughout the country in the coming 
years. The Committee appreciates the work EDA has undertaken to 
assist such communities in prior years and provides $18,000,000 
for competitive economic adjustment assistance to expand these 
efforts, which shall include, but not be limited to, public 
works investments and economic diversification initiatives in 
communities impacted by recent or scheduled nuclear power plant 
closures. The Committee directs the Department to report to the 
Committee no later than 90 days after enactment of this Act on 
the status of these efforts.
    STEM Apprenticeship Pilot Program.--The Committee notes 
that over the past decade, the growth in jobs requiring 
sophisticated science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) 
skills was three times faster than growth in non-STEM jobs. 
Yet, U.S. employers have struggled to fill jobs in these 
fields. Because more than 50 percent of jobs that require STEM 
skills do not require a bachelor's degree, nontraditional 
higher education, such as apprenticeships, will be instrumental 
in meeting the urgent demand for a STEM-literate workforce. 
Therefore, the Committee provides $4,500,000 to continue the 
STEM Apprenticeship Pilot Program, established in fiscal year 
2020, to provide grants to create and expand STEM 
apprenticeship and other workforce training models, as directed 
in section 312 of the American Innovation and Competitiveness 
Act (Public Law 114-329).
    Persistent Poverty.--The Committee is concerned that 
pockets of high poverty in urban areas are often overlooked by 
the Federal Government because, in the aggregate, their need is 
often masked by their affluent neighbors. In light of the 
impacts of COVID-19, the need in these areas is greater than 
ever. Therefore, when scoring competitive grant applications, 
EDA is directed to add additional priority, where practicable, 
to applications from grantees who can demonstrate that the 
individuals who will benefit from such grants reside in high-
poverty areas or persistent-poverty counties, as defined in 
fiscal year 2020. In addition, EDA shall provide guidance to 
such prospective grantees, especially prior to their 
application submissions, including to help determine whether 
they qualify for additional priority. The Department is 
directed to report to the Committee, not later than 90 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act, on EDA's efforts aimed 
at high-poverty areas and persistent poverty counties, 
including efforts to prioritize assistance to such areas.
    Economic Assistance for Communities.--Economic and 
community development funding provided by other agencies can 
have even more impact if they are utilized in conjunction with 
other Federal funding sources, such as EDA. The Committee 
therefore encourages EDA to treat as acceptable funds any 
funding provided by other Federal programs which are explicitly 
authorized to be used for any required non-Federal share of the 
cost of a project so that funding from both agencies may be 
used if necessary and to the extent permitted by law.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $42,000,000 for EDA salaries 
and expenses.

                  Minority Business Development Agency


                     MINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    The recommendation includes $52,000,000 for the Minority 
Business Development Agency (MBDA), an increase of $10,000,000 
over fiscal year 2020. In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, 
Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-
136) included $10,000,000 for the minority business centers of 
the MBDA to provide technical assistance to small business 
concerns. MBDA is the only Federal agency dedicated to 
promoting the growth of minority-owned firms and assists small, 
medium, and large minority enterprises to expand business 
opportunities and create jobs. MBDA is directed to allocate no 
less than $36,000,000 of its total appropriation toward 
cooperative agreements, external awards, and grants, including 
not less than $22,000,000 to continue MBDA's Business Center 
program and Specialty Project Center program.
    Native American Business Development.--The Committee 
provides not less than $3,000,000 for MBDA to award grants to 
tribes and American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian 
populations to address barriers to economic development. MBDA 
shall continue full implementation of Public Laws 106-447 and 
106-464 and to fulfill the mission of the Office of Native 
American Business Development.
    HBCU/HSI Entrepreneurship Pilot.--The Committee recognizes 
that while growth rates in entrepreneurship for many groups is 
increasing, compared to rates of participation in the labor 
market, there are systemic challenges for numerous minority 
groups. The Committee encourages MBDA to establish a pilot 
project to support entrepreneurship for undergraduate students 
at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and 
Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs), which shall support the 
development of curricula, pilot courses, seminars, and 
development of replicable products and tools. Program elements 
should align with the Inclusive Innovation Initiative and 
national efforts related to economic development generally. The 
Department is encouraged to include recommendations in its next 
year budget submission on efforts to support the demonstration 
for a three-year period.
    White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific 
Islanders.--The Committee notes with concern the 
Administration's decision to shift the White House Initiative 
on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (WHIAAPI) from the 
Department of Education to MBDA despite the lack of 
Congressional notification. This obfuscation was compounded by 
the omission of any discussion of the subsequent proposed 
elimination of WHIAAPI in the fiscal year 2021 Department of 
Commerce budget proposal. The Committee rejects this 
elimination and instead provides no less than the amount 
provided in fiscal year 2020. The Department shall, within 30 
days of the enactment of this Act, provide the Committee with a 
report on the decision to move WHIAAPI to MBDA, which shall 
include an explanation of the change in its goals and scope 
that make MBDA a more appropriate fit. The Department is 
further directed to include the Initiative as part of its 
budget proposal submission for fiscal year 2022, with details 
regarding its scope of work, metrics and deliverables, and 
financial requirements.

                   Economic and Statistical Analysis


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends the requested amount of 
$111,855,000 for the Economics and Statistics Administration, 
$3,865,000 above fiscal year 2020. The Committee looks forward 
to receiving the report on the long-term funding strategy for 
the Federal Data Service as directed in House Report 116-101.
    Within the amounts provided, $1,500,000 is for the Outdoor 
Recreation Satellite Account (ORSA). The Committee directs the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) in consultation with the 
Department of Labor to conduct a workforce needs study building 
upon the information provided by ORSA. The study should focus 
on identifying current and projected workforce demographics, 
geographic distribution of jobs, compensation trends, unfilled 
job types and quantities, and recommended training needs by 
sub-sector. BEA is encouraged to coordinate with the agencies 
of the Federal Recreation Council, outdoor recreation industry, 
nongovernmental organizations, and institutions of higher 
education to recommend strategies to both research and develop 
national-level training standards and solutions to support this 
fast-changing and growing industry, and assess ways further 
investment in this area could help with rural and suburban 
economic development.

                          Bureau of the Census

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,681,112,000 for the 
Bureau of the Census, which is $9,135,000 above the request. 
The amount reflects the eventual ramp down of the 2020 
Decennial Census operations, which has experienced 
unprecedented delays due to the novel coronavirus pandemic and 
will continue portions of its operations into the first quarter 
of fiscal year 2021.
    Puerto Rico and U.S. territories.--The Committee looks 
forward to receiving the report required in the Explanatory 
Statement accompanying the fiscal year 2020 Consolidated 
Appropriations Act, which will outline the process for 
including Puerto Rico in the total resident and total 
population totals of the United States. The Committee expects 
the Census Bureau to outline any further steps necessary to 
implement this plan, including any necessary legislative 
changes.
    Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Population Data 
Collection.--The Committee looks forward to the feasibility 
study for expanding data collection of the lesbian, gay, 
bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) population in its future 
Federal population surveys as directed in House Report 116-101. 
The Committee believes data on the LGBT population will be 
useful to policymakers and researchers alike. Additionally, the 
Committee has heard concerns about the lack of reliable data on 
gender non-binary population and directs the Census Bureau to 
undertake a feasibility study for expanding data collection to 
this population in its future Federal population surveys. A 
report on the results of this study shall be delivered to the 
Committee no later than 180 days after enactment of this Act.
    Language Assistance.--The Committee recognizes the 
expansion of language support for the 2020 Decennial Census 
through the 2020 Census Language Services Operation to reach 98 
percent of limited-English speaking households and the Census 
Bureau's efforts currently underway to translate American 
Community Survey (ACS) into other non-English languages such as 
Korean, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, French, Portuguese, Polish, 
Russian, Haitian-Creole, and Vietnamese. However, the Committee 
remains concerned about the lack of data on small population 
groups and the availability of language assistance for 
respondents to other surveys and encourages the Census Bureau 
to continue assessing ways to increase language assistance on 
its surveys to those who speak Asian languages, Pacific 
Islander languages, American Indian and Alaska Native 
languages, African languages and Spanish. Further, the 
Committee directs the Census Bureau to provide updates on a 
semi-annual basis on language assistance programs for the 
American Community Survey (ACS), including information on how 
it is reaching and assisting respondents who speak the 
aforementioned languages.
    Cybersecurity Threats.--The Committee remains concerned 
that as the Census Bureau looks to modernize data collection 
methods, the Census Bureau could potentially be exploited by 
nefarious actors who seek to undermine the integrity of census 
data, which is vital to democratic institutions, and gain 
access to sensitive information otherwise protected by law. 
These threats include both hacking into the Census Bureau IT 
infrastructure and efforts to use supercomputing to unmask the 
privacy of census respondents. The Committee directs the Census 
Bureau to prioritize cyber protections and high standards of 
data differential privacy, while also maintaining the accuracy 
of the data, and expects the Census Bureau to update the 
Committee regularly on these efforts.

                      CURRENT SURVEYS AND PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $288,403,000 for Current Surveys 
and Programs, which is $14,403,000 above fiscal year 2020 and 
$9,135,000 above the request.
    The recommendation restores funding to continue the level 
of effort for the Survey of Income and Program Participation 
(SIPP) at the fiscal year 2018 level to ensure statistically 
reliable estimates, and fully supports the Census Bureau's 
efforts to evaluate and improve the supplemental poverty 
measure.

                     PERIODIC CENSUSES AND PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends the requested level of 
$1,392,709,000 for Periodic Censuses and Programs. The 
recommendation provides for a transfer of $3,556,000 to the 
Department of Commerce Office of Inspector General (OIG) for 
oversight and auditing of the Census Bureau.
    2020 Decennial Census.--Given the unprecedented delays to 
the 2020 Decennial Census due to the coronavirus, the Census 
Bureau required the majority of its approximately 
$2,000,000,000 in carryover funds to support the delay in field 
operations in fiscal year 2020, and therefore the 
recommendation does not include the Administration's proposal 
to transfer $208,000,000 in 2020 Decennial funds to the Census 
Bureau Working Capital Fund to support fiscal year 2021 
requirements, including the reconfiguration of existing 
facilities to accommodate the relocation of 1,800 Bureau of 
Labor Statistics (BLS) personnel. The Census Bureau, in 
coordination with the General Services Administration, BLS and 
OMB, is directed to brief the Committee on the status of this 
relocation effort including timeline and costs borne by all 
agencies no later than 15 days after enactment of this Act. 
While the Committee understands reconfiguration to the existing 
facilities and IT infrastructure will be required to 
accommodate the additional employees, the Committee directs the 
Census Bureau to find innovative ways to ensure current 
occupants are not negatively impacted by this move and 
encourages the Census Bureau to solicit occupant feedback and 
consider enhancing telework or alternative work schedules.
    2030 Decennial Census.--As the 2020 Decennial Census 
concludes, preparations for the 2030 Decennial Census operation 
are beginning. The Committee recognizes the unprecedented 
delays to the 2020 Decennial Census due to the coronavirus were 
outside of the Census Bureau's control, but the Committee also 
understands the importance of examining lessons learned as a 
vital part of program management and directs the Census Bureau 
to conduct such reviews and inform the Committee on its 
findings. Additionally, as the Census Bureau examines the 
questions that will be considered for the 2030 Decennial 
Census, the Committee directs the Census Bureau to conduct a 
feasibility study on including a race category for individuals 
who identify as Middle East or North African, also known as 
MENA, which was not ultimately included in the 2020 Decennial 
Census questionnaire. The Committee also expects that questions 
on sexual orientation and gender identity will also be examined 
for possible inclusion in the 2030 Decennial Census 
questionnaire.

       National Telecommunications and Information Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $45,500,000 for the National 
Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), which 
is $5,0590,000 above fiscal year 2020. The recommendation is 
distributed as shown in the table below:

Domestic and International Policy.......................      $9,224,000
Spectrum Management.....................................       9,752,000
Advanced Communications Research........................      10,000,000
Broadband Programs......................................      16,216,000
Public Safety Communications............................         308,000
    Total...............................................      45,500,000

    The recommendation adopts the Administration's proposal to 
establish a new program activity, ``Public Safety 
Communications'', intended to ensure those who serve in our 
State and local public safety sectors are provided with the 
tools and expertise needed to remain on pace with advances in 
technology through the NTIA's Next Generation 911 (NG911) 
program. The Committee provides no less than $2,024,000 for the 
overdue modernization of the most critical components of NTIA's 
spectrum management system. The recommendation also includes no 
less than $1,285,000 above the fiscal year 2020 level for 
Advanced Communications Research to upgrade equipment and hire 
additional staff to support NTIA's work on 5G 
telecommunications systems.
    Telecommunications Role in Hate Crimes.--The Committee 
looks forward to receiving the report regarding the role of 
telecommunications in hate crimes as directed in House Report 
116-101. The Committee reiterates its concern about this issue 
and reminds NTIA to include the myriad new forms of 
telecommunications in its analysis. NTIA shall provide a 
briefing to the Committee on its progress within 90 days of the 
enactment of this Act.
    Rural Broadband Coordination.--The Committee continues 
prior year direction to NTIA to coordinate with the Rural 
Utilities Service, the Federal Communications Commission, and 
other related Federal agencies to coordinate with one another, 
as well as the rural communications industry, to identify and 
pursue ways to continue sustainable broadband deployment and 
adoption, and to ensure that policies tied to one Federal 
program do not undermine the objectives and functionality of 
another. Further, the Committee continues to encourage NTIA to 
place equal priority on the deployment of the Nationwide Public 
Safety Broadband Network (NPSBN) in rural communities as it 
does in urban areas.
    Spectrum Management for Science.--The Committee recognizes 
that ensuring access to key portions of spectrum for radio 
astronomy observations, environmental observations, and other 
scientific purposes is essential for scientific discovery. The 
Committee encourages NTIA, in coordination with FCC and other 
appropriate stakeholders, to preserve spectrum access for 
scientific purposes as commercial use of radio spectrum 
increases. The Committee looks forward to the report 
highlighting NTIA's ongoing efforts on this front.
    Policy and Technical Training.--The Committee encourages 
NTIA to work with the FCC and the Department of State to 
provide support for activities provided under section 7 of 
Public Law 98-549. As part of these activities, NTIA may 
provide assistance and guidance in policy and technical 
training to impart best practices to information technology 
professionals from developing countries.
    National 5G Strategy.--The Committee supports the 
development of secure 5G networks that are developed using 
technology and equipment that is verified to be secure from 
foreign surveillance or influence. The Committee believes it is 
in the best interest of the national and economic security of 
the United States to implement a strong national 5G strategy as 
outlined in Public Law 116-129.

               United States Patent and Trademark Office


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $3,695,295,000 for the United 
States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO), the full amount of 
fiscal year 2021 fee collections estimated by the Congressional 
Budget Office. PTO shall continue to provide monthly reports to 
the Committee on PTO's actual and projected fee collections, 
application volumes, performance, and staffing.
    Patent End-2-End (PE2E).--PTO shall continue to provide 
quarterly reports to the Committee on the status of PE2E, 
including the proposed retirement of legacy systems, cost 
savings associated with those retirements, and any efficiencies 
achieved in patent processing because of these investments.

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

    The Committee recommends $1,044,000,000 for National 
Institutes of Standards and Technology (NIST). In addition, the 
Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) 
(Public Law 116-136) included $66,000,000 for NIST to prevent, 
prepare for, and respond to coronavirus, including $6,000,000 
to support continuity of operations and measurement science to 
support viral testing and biomanufacturing; $50,000,000 for 
Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership to assist 
manufacturers; and $10,000,000 for the National Network for 
Manufacturing Innovation (also known as ``Manufacturing USA'') 
to support development and manufacturing of medical 
countermeasures and biomedical equipment and supplies.

             SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL RESEARCH AND SERVICES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $789,000,000 for NIST's Scientific 
and Technical Research and Services (STRS) programs, which is 
$35,000,000 above fiscal year 2020 and $136,973,000 above the 
request. The recommendation rejects the proposed reductions to 
Advanced Manufacturing and Material Measurements; Fundamental 
Measurement, Quantum Science, and Measurement Dissemination; 
Advanced Communications, Networks, and Scientific Data Systems; 
Health and Biological Systems Measurements; Physical 
Infrastructure and Resilience; NIST User Facilities; Office of 
Special Programs; Standards Coordination Office; and the NIST 
Center of Excellence Program and instead provides no less than 
the fiscal year 2020 level for these programs.
    Quantum Information Science.--The Committee provides no 
less than $8,000,000 above the fiscal year 2020 level for 
Quantum Information Science, as authorized in the National 
Quantum Initiative Act to support and expand basic and applied 
quantum information science and technology research and 
development (R&D) of measurement science and standards. 
Further, the Committee encourages NIST to expand its 
collaboration with other entities, including industry, 
universities, and Federal laboratories, to help advance the 
field of quantum information science and engineering.
    Artificial Intelligence.--The recommendation includes no 
less than $10,000,000 above the fiscal year 2020 level to 
continue NIST's research efforts related to Artificial 
Intelligence (AI), which has the potential to produce 
transformative technologies and scientific breakthroughs that 
will improve Americans' lives.
    Framework for Managing AI Risks.--The Committee recognizes 
the economic, national security, and societal impacts of 
artificial intelligence (AI) and the importance of maintaining 
U.S. leadership in AI development and implementation. The 
Committee believes that coordination is needed between the 
Federal government and stakeholder organizations to ensure that 
AI initiatives support reliable, robust, and trustworthy 
systems. Within the increase provided for AI, the Committee 
directs NIST to establish a multi-stakeholder process to 
identify the necessary steps needed to develop a framework for 
managing risks related to the reliability, robustness, and 
trustworthiness of AI systems. Within 180 days of enactment of 
this Act, NIST shall establish the process by which it will 
engage with stakeholders, and identify the timeline needed to 
develop the framework. NIST shall provide the Committee with 
biannual updates on the progress of these efforts until the 
framework is finalized and publicly available.
    Data Characterization Standards in AI.--The recommendation 
encourages NIST to create a plan for interagency engagement 
with the private sector for the development of standards for 
data characterization for AI--which, for example, can ensure 
proper sample data attribution to help when querying different 
features to build auto detection models--as part of the work to 
support reliable, robust, and trustworthy systems that use AI 
technologies.
    U.S. Leadership in AI.--The Committee commends NIST for the 
completion of the plan, ``U.S. Leadership in AI,'' and 
encourages NIST to implement its recommendations, as 
appropriate. Further, the Committee directs NIST, on behalf of 
the Department, and in consultation with the Office of 
Personnel Management, the Interagency Committee on Standards 
Policy, other interagency groups, and Federal agencies, as NIST 
considers appropriate, to develop a clear career development 
and promotion path that recognizes and encourages participation 
in and expertise in AI standards development within the Federal 
workforce. NIST is also directed, in coordination with 
appropriate Federal agencies, to understand AI standards 
strategies and initiatives of standards organizations, foreign 
governments and entities, to the extent practicable. No less 
than 180 days after the enactment of this Act, the Department 
shall submit a report to the Committee on the steps it has 
taken to implement the recommendations of the U.S. Leadership 
in AI plan.
    Greenhouse Gas Program and Urban Dome Initiative.--The 
Committee recognizes the significant value in NIST's Greenhouse 
Gas Program and Urban Dome initiative that seeks to leverage 
existing high-spatial density regional monitoring networks and 
external R&D partnerships. These cost-effective capabilities 
substantially expand and broaden NIST laboratory capabilities 
for investigating and developing measurement tools that support 
independent means for determining the accuracy of emissions 
inventory data at urban and regional scales. The Committee has 
included no less than $500,000 above the fiscal year 2020 level 
of funding for the Greenhouse Gas Program and Urban Dome 
Initiative to continue and expand sensor network deployments.
    Cybersecurity and Privacy.--The proliferation of data 
generation, storage, and usage associated with the digital 
economy is making it increasingly important to protect that 
data with effective cryptography and privacy standards. The 
Committee is concerned that individual, corporate, and public-
sector data privacy is continuously at risk from attacks by 
individual actors, criminal organization, and nation-states. 
The Committee urges NIST to address the rapidly emerging 
threats in this field by furthering the development of new and 
needed cryptographic standards and technologies.
    National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education.--The 
Committee notes with concern the shortage of cybersecurity 
professionals across the government and private sector, from 
entry level applicants to experienced professionals. The 
Committee therefore supports the National Initiative for 
Cybersecurity Education (NICE) and directs NIST to provide 
resources commensurate with the prior fiscal year for this 
effort.
    Measurement Science Research for Advanced Manufacturing.--
The Committee recognizes the critical importance of NIST's 
measurement science research to promote U.S. innovation and 
industrial competitiveness, specifically for advanced 
manufacturing methods and systems that help the Nation's 
manufacturers to invent, innovate, and create. The Committee 
directs the Institute to prioritize new STRS funds to achieve 
fundamental scientific understanding of manufacturing processes 
and equipment and to enable new smart manufacturing systems 
capabilities for high-priority metals-based additive 
manufacturing, manufacturing robotics, and cybersecurity for 
industrial control systems. The Committee acknowledges that 
collaborations with the private and public sectors, academic 
organizations, and standards development bodies will help to 
advance and disseminate measurement science research and 
support to U.S. manufacturers. The Committee provides up to 
$5,000,000 for competitive external grants for academic 
institutions to support research, development, and workforce 
training to overcome barriers to high-volume additive 
manufacturing of metals.
    Textile research.--The Committee recognizes the importance 
of the U.S. textile industry and encourages NIST to pursue 
advanced textile and apparel research, including manufacturing 
techniques.
    Calibration Laboratory for Oceanographic Sensors.--The 
Committee recognizes a critical need for capacity in 
calibration of ocean sensors that is inhibiting maximum use of 
ocean sensing technologies. The Committee encourages NIST to 
support these technologies.
    Pyrrhotite in Concrete Aggregate.--The Committee continues 
to be concerned that concrete foundations can crack and cause 
serious structural damage to the buildings they support. To 
address this threat, the recommendation provides no less than 
$2,000,000 to partner with academic institutions to study and 
develop a reliable and cost-effective standard for testing for 
the presence of excessive pyrrhotite in concrete used in 
residential, commercial, and municipal structures and a 
standard for the amount of pyrrhotite that requires mitigation 
efforts. These research and standards-setting efforts are 
needed due to the ongoing uncertainty regarding what level of 
pyrrhotite can cause concrete foundations to become 
structurally unsound, and what if anything can be done to slow, 
delay, or stop such damage.
    Forward Looking Building Standards.--The Committee is 
concerned about how climate change will impact the built 
environment, and that standards previously set with an 
assumption of a stable climate system will expose many Federal 
and non-Federal investments to significant, but avoidable, 
risk. Therefore, the Committee directs NIST, in collaboration 
with other appropriate Federal agencies and interested non-
Federal parties, to identify a consistent and authoritative set 
of climate information that emphasizes forward-looking climate 
data and projections that should be utilized in the standard-
setting process. This effort shall serve to aid both Federal 
and non-Federal bodies to develop standards, building codes, 
and voluntary standards that take into account increasingly 
extreme weather events and other climate change challenges.
    Regenerative Medicine Standards.--The Committee commends 
NIST, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Standards 
Coordinating Body for continued work to implement the 
regenerative medicine standards provisions enacted under the 
21st Century Cures Act (Public Law 114-255). Currently, work is 
underway to develop processes and criteria for identifying, 
prioritizing, and assessing the quality, safety, feasibility, 
and cost-benefit of such standards. The Committee provides 
$5,000,000 for NIST to improve measurement assurance and 
standards coordination for regenerative therapies, including: 
establishing a regenerative medicine assay validation and 
innovation core to provide laboratory support for evaluation of 
standardized assays, and conducting inter-laboratory studies to 
improve measurement assurance and develop appropriate reference 
materials.
    Forensic Sciences.--The Committee provides $22,500,000 for 
forensic science research, $3,700,000 above the fiscal year 
2020 level. Within these funds, the Committee provides no less 
than $3,150,000 to support the Organization of 22 Scientific 
Area Committees, and no less than $1,200,000 to support 
technical merit evaluations previously funded by transfer from 
the Department of Justice.
    5G Telecommunications.--The Committee notes the importance 
of the development of 5G telecommunications technologies as a 
matter of job creation, economic development, and national 
security, and supports the goal to ensure American leadership 
in this field. In support of these efforts, the recommendation 
includes $1,400,000 above the fiscal year 2020 level. Further, 
the Committee recognizes the importance of efficient spectrum 
allocation and use in the development of new broadband 
intensive technologies such as 5G networks. The Committee urges 
the National Institute of Standards and Technology in 
consultation with National Telecommunications and Information 
Administration to prioritize research and development funding 
to increase spectrum efficiency to ensure effective and speedy 
national rollout of 5G U.S. telecommunication networks.
    Direct Air Capture and Carbon Dioxide Removal.--The 
Committee includes $3,500,000 for direct air capture and carbon 
dioxide removal research, specifically to increase work on 
developing standard reference materials and test procedures for 
direct air capture as well as to increase support for carbonate 
materials development, testing, and certification for 
construction markets.
    Disaster Resilience Research Grants.--The Committee rejects 
the proposed elimination of Disaster Resilience Research Grants 
and instead provides no less than the fiscal year 2020 level.
    Malcolm Baldrige Performance Excellence Program.--The 
Committee recognizes the value of the Baldrige Program and the 
impact that it has on the performance of organizations that 
adopt its best practices. Therefore, the Committee provides 
$2,500,000, an increase of $300,000 above fiscal year 2020, for 
the Malcolm Baldrige Performance Excellence Program to expand 
its e-learning capability.
    Cybersecurity Conformity Assessment Programs.--The 
Committee instructs NIST, in collaboration with other relevant 
organizations, to report to the Committee no later than 270 
days after the enactment of this Act on challenges and 
approaches to establishing and managing voluntary cybersecurity 
conformity assessment programs for information and 
communication technologies including federal cloud 
technologies.

                     INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SERVICES

    The Committee recommends $170,000,000 for Industrial 
Technology Services, which is $8,000,000 above fiscal year 2020 
and $144,748,000 above the request. The Committee rejects the 
Administration's proposed elimination of the Manufacturing 
Extension Partnership (MEP) program and instead provides 
$153,000,000 for MEP, $7,000,000 above the fiscal year 2020 
level. The increase from the prior year shall be distributed 
equitably among the 51 MEP Centers based on the respective 
number of regional partners. The recommendation also includes 
$17,000,000 for the National Network for Manufacturing 
Innovation, also known as ``Manufacturing USA.''
    Cybersecurity Training.--Within the increase to MEP, the 
Committee directs NIST to maintain the core services of the MEP 
and encourages NIST to utilize existing expertise within its 
Information Technology Laboratory to increase cybersecurity 
technical training to small manufacturers to strengthen their 
cybersecurity capabilities given the troubling threats from 
state and non-state actors and other emerging threats.

                  CONSTRUCTION OF RESEARCH FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends $85,000,000 for NIST construction. 
NIST shall continue to provide updates on the projects funded 
within this account, to include milestones and total amount of 
funding necessary for completion.
    Safety, Capacity, Maintenance, and Major Repairs (SCMMR).--
Within the amount provided for Construction of Research 
Facilities, the agreement includes no less than $75,000,000 for 
NIST to address its most pressing SCMMR projects.

            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    The Committee recommends a total of $5,454,068,000 in 
discretionary funds for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA), which is $101,890,000 above fiscal year 
2020 and $827,661,000 above the President's request. In 
addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security 
Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included $20,000,000 for 
NOAA to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus as 
well as $300,000,000 for Assistance to Fishery Participants to 
offset economic injury precipitated by the coronavirus.
    The Committee's program and project recommendations for 
NOAA are included in the consolidated funding tables below and 
in narrative direction throughout this report. The Committee 
reminds NOAA that any deviations from the amounts included in 
the table below are subject to section 505 requirements of this 
Act. When executing its budget for fiscal year 2021, NOAA shall 
incorporate the funding levels established in both the table 
and the narrative direction. NOAA is reminded that comity has 
existed between the Congress and the Executive Branch with 
respect to abiding by language included in this report and in 
the accompanying bill. The Committee expects NOAA to respect 
this long-standing practice.
    Tribal Allocation of CARES Act Funds.--The Committee is 
aware of concerns raised by Native American tribes regarding 
the lack of formal government-to-government consultation and 
the methodology used by NOAA to allocate funds provided in Sec. 
12005 of the CARES Act (Public Law 116-136) which relied on 
annual revenues by sector rather than recorded losses to 
determine proportional allocations. The Committee reminds NOAA 
of its responsibility to uphold Federal treaty and trust 
obligations during all engagements with tribal interests, 
regardless of any exigent circumstances.
    Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment.--The Committee 
remains highly concerned by the threat of sexual assault and 
sexual harassment faced by individuals in the workplace, 
especially those in nontraditional work settings such as NOAA 
research vessels or private fishing vessels. The Committee 
appreciates the initial steps NOAA has taken in addressing 
these threats. To further this work, the Committee provides no 
less than $1,700,000 above the fiscal year 2020 level and 
directs NOAA to prioritize and expedite the hiring of staff to 
reduce these risks and to provide assistance and counseling to 
victims.
    Extramural research.--The Committee continues to support 
NOAA's ongoing collaboration with academia and the private 
sector through cooperative institutes and competitive research. 
These relationships build broad community engagement, leverage 
external funding for mission-oriented research, strengthen the 
science within NOAA, and advance scientific knowledge.
    Shellfish genetics.--The recommendation includes up to 
$10,000,000 to improve shellfish survival and growth rates and 
to classify and preserve the natural genetic variation of 
shellfish. NOAA is encouraged to support regional partnerships 
to classify and preserve natural genetic variation in 
shellfish. Further, the Committee encourages NOAA to examine 
the feasibility of tracking its efforts at the species level.
    Mississippi River Restoration and Resiliency Strategy.--The 
Committee recognizes that the Mississippi River basin from 
Minnesota to Louisiana is a vital American waterway. Therefore, 
the Committee urges NOAA to participate and coordinate as an 
essential Federal stakeholder with the Environmental Protection 
Agency on developing a Mississippi River restoration and 
resiliency strategy focused on improving water quality, 
restoring habitat and natural systems, improving navigation, 
eliminating aquatic invasive species, and building local 
resilience to natural disasters.

                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$4,142,330,000 under Operations, Research, and Facilities (ORF) 
for the coastal, fisheries, marine, weather, satellite, and 
other programs of NOAA. This total funding consists of 
$3,871,659,000 in direct appropriations, a transfer of 
$253,171,000 from balances in the ``Promote and Develop Fishery 
Products and Research Pertaining to American Fisheries'' 
account and $17,500,000 derived from recoveries of prior year 
obligations. The direct appropriation of $3,871,659,000 is 
$107,720,000 above fiscal year 2020 and $706,535,000 above the 
President's request.
    The following narrative and tables identify the specific 
activities and funding levels included in this Act.
    National Ocean Service.--The recommendation provides 
$625,406,000 for National Ocean Service (NOS) Operations, 
Research, and Facilities, an increase of $26,450,000 above the 
fiscal year 2020 level and $244,370,000 above the President's 
request. Given the increasingly troubled state of the oceans, 
the Committee finds the request to reduce NOS funding by 36 
percent as compared to fiscal year 2020 to be dramatically 
inappropriate. The Committee instead invests in programs within 
NOS that aim to enhance the resiliency of coastal assets and to 
understand and mitigate the changing ecological threats to our 
oceans and the Great Lakes to meet the increased need.

                         NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Navigation, Observations and Positioning:
    Navigation, Observations and Positioning............        $160,456
    Hydrographic Survey Priorities/Contracts............          32,000
    Integrated Ocean Observing System Regional                    40,500
     Observations.......................................
                                                         ---------------
Navigation, Observations and Positioning................         232,956
                                                         ===============
Coastal Science and Assessment:
    Coastal Science, Assessment, Response and                     88,500
     Restoration........................................
    Competitive External Research.......................          22,000
                                                         ---------------
Coastal Science and Assessment..........................         110,500
                                                         ===============
Ocean and Coastal Management Services:
    Coastal Zone Management and Services................          47,700
    Coastal Management Grants...........................          78,000
    National Coastal Resilience Fund (Title IX).........          36,000
    Coral Reef Program..................................          34,000
    National Estuarine Research Reserve System..........          28,250
    Sanctuaries and Marine Protected Areas..............          58,000
                                                         ---------------
Ocean and Coastal Management and Services...............         281,950
                                                         ===============
Total, National Ocean Service, Operations, Research, and        $625,406
 Facilities.............................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Navigation, Observations, and Positioning.--The Committee 
provides $160,456,000 for Navigation, Observations, and 
Positioning, $1,000,000 above the level provided in fiscal year 
2020. The recommendation rejects the proposed elimination of 
the competitive Regional Geospatial Modeling Grants program and 
the Joint Ocean and Coastal Mapping Centers. The Committee 
additionally continues funding for the Physical Oceanographic 
Real-Time System (PORTS), at no less than the fiscal year 2020 
level.
    Hydrographic Survey Priorities/Contracts.--The Committee 
rejects the proposed reduction to Hydrographic Survey 
Priorities/Contracts and directs NOAA to maintain its prior 
year level of effort.
    Integrated Ocean Observing System.--The recommendation 
includes $40,500,000 for Integrated Ocean Observing System 
(IOOS) Regional Observations and rejects the elimination of 
IOOS grants. The Committee supports IOOS's efforts to expand 
its use of underwater gliders and encourages NOAA to fill 
critical gaps in the current surface mapping system and to 
ensure streamlined access to data for weather forecasting, 
detection of ecological phenomena, and safe maritime 
operations.
    The Committee provides $2,000,000, from within the funds 
allocated for IOOS, to continue and expand the pilot program 
launched in fiscal year 2020 for IOOS to enhance the nation's 
capacity for monitoring and detection of Harmful Algal Blooms 
(HABs) by leveraging the expertise of the IOOS regional 
associations--including through expanding the deployment of in-
situ observing assets--in order to improve HABs warning and 
forecast accuracy. IOOS is directed to coordinate with the 
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science on the 
implementation of these funds.
    Coastal Science, Assessment, Response, and Restoration.--
The Committee provides $88,500,000 for Coastal Science 
Assessment, Response, and Restoration, and rejects the proposed 
reductions to Response and Restoration activities. The 
recommendation includes no less than $9,000,000 for the Marine 
Debris program to address the pervasive problem of marine 
pollution in coastal waters around the country. The Committee 
encourages NOS to coordinate with States, territories, and 
local communities on efforts to remove debris from the marine 
environment and the Great Lakes, with a goal of developing a 
cost-effective programmatic solution to land-generated marine 
debris.
    Further, the Committee rejects the proposed elimination of 
the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS). The 
Committee instead provides NCCOS no less than $2,000,000 above 
the fiscal year 2020 level to expand the regular monitoring of 
coastal and nearshore areas to increase understanding of the 
movement and severity of natural phenomena such as HABs and 
hypoxia--especially where insufficient data is currently 
available to provide high resolution and high frequency 
ecological forecasts. As part of this work, the Committee 
encourages NOAA to expand partnerships with academic 
institutions, the private sector, State governments, and other 
Federal agencies. The Committee also encourages NOAA to work 
with stakeholders to improve the transition of observational 
data to operational use in order to advance public education, 
understanding, and preparedness for HAB and hypoxia events. For 
all HABs-related work, NOAA shall coordinate with the 
Interagency Working Group of the Harmful Algal Bloom and 
Hypoxia Research and Control Act.
    Sea Level Rise.--The Committee is concerned by the 
increasing threat posed to coastal communities and assets of 
the Nation by sea level rise and the resultant increase in 
coastal flood risk. The recommendation includes no less than an 
increase of $600,000 above fiscal year 2020, within Coastal 
Science, Assessment, Response, Restoration, to initiate and 
accelerate efforts to create a National Coastal Data 
Information System which includes (1) combining existing 
observations, modeling, predictions, products and services into 
an integrated framework for producing and maintaining 
authoritative and timely data, maps and information services 
which quantify and communicate coastal flood risk to the US 
States and territories; (2) developing and strengthening 
partnerships with organizations that represent end users within 
coastal communities, including other Federal agencies, to 
better assess information gaps and needs; and (3) producing new 
information products and services, targeted to end-user needs, 
that allow coastal communities across the U.S. to plan for 
coastal flood risk today, next year, and for decades to come. 
NOAA shall, not less than 180 days after the enactment of this 
Act, provide the Committee with a holistic analysis of the need 
to expand observations, modeling, predictions, products and 
services to (1) improve the understanding of changing coastal 
flood risk, including impacts of sea level rise, (2) maintain 
and update this information on a regular cadence and (3) track 
and report how observed rates of sea level rise compare to the 
sea level rise predictions published within the National 
Climate Assessments.
    Harmful Algal Blooms.--The Committee remains highly 
concerned about the increasing prevalence of harmful algal 
blooms (HABs) in every U.S. State and territory and the 
corresponding impacts on human health, drinking water, 
fisheries, and the broader economy. The Committee therefore 
directs NMFS to continue its research into HABs at the fiscal 
year 2020 enacted level. Further, the Committee provides 
$22,000,000 for Competitive Research, including not less than 
$14,000,000 for HABs research. This research should prioritize 
further development of methods of prevention, mitigation, and 
control to reduce the frequency, severity, and impacts of HAB 
events in freshwater and saltwater systems and provide special 
attention to research in areas most economically and 
environmentally impacted by HABs. The Committee encourages NOAA 
to work to ensure that new technology and mitigation efforts 
have minimal environmental impacts.
    NOAA shall also explore research into the impacts on HAB 
timing, duration, and toxicity of nutrient pollution such as 
nitrogen and phosphorus as they enter coastal areas from 
tributaries that could lead to more accurate forecasts to the 
benefit of recreational and commercial fishing, recreation, and 
coastal drinking water plants. NOAA shall provide a report to 
the Committee within 180 days of the enactment of this Act that 
assesses its existing deployed capabilities and prior scope of 
work regarding the monitoring and management of nutrient runoff 
and its associated effect on HABs, including a delineation of 
how modeling is aided by data from other Federal partners. In 
addition, the report shall identify how NOAA is coordinating 
with other agencies that are part of the Harmful Algal Bloom 
and Hypoxia Research and Control Act Task Force in monitoring 
and mitigating the HAB crisis in various water systems.
    Seafloor Mapping.--The Committee encourages NOS to perform 
high-priority, cooperative habitat mapping in currently 
unmapped and disaster-prone areas, with priority given to areas 
where oil exploration is under consideration to better 
understand long-term implications.
    Blue Carbon.--The Committee notes the importance of the 
coastal zone as a potential carbon sink and the increased 
public interest in blue carbon. NOAA shall expand their efforts 
to understand the relative emissions and absorption of carbon 
pollution associated with various human activities in the 
coastal zone so as to inform future planning decisions 
regarding their carbon impacts.
    Coastal Zone Management.--The Committee provides 
$47,700,000 for Coastal Zone Management and Services. The 
recommendation rejects the reduction to Integrated Water 
Prediction, and instead provides no less than the fiscal year 
2020 level. Within these funds, the recommendation also 
includes $2,000,000 for Regional Ocean Data Portals.
    Ocean Economy of the Territories.--The Committee supports 
NOAA's efforts to calculate and characterize the U.S. ocean and 
Great Lakes economy. However, the Committee is concerned that 
these estimates do not capture the ocean economies of the five 
U.S. territories. The Committee therefore provides an 
additional $700,000 within Coastal Zone Management and Services 
and directs NOAA to take all reasonable steps to expand the 
scope of the Economics: National Ocean Watch (ENOW) dataset so 
that it includes the island territories, and to submit a report 
detailing these efforts within 180 days of the enactment of 
this Act.
    Coastal Zone Management Grants and the National Coastal 
Resilience Fund.--The Committee does not approve the 
Administration's proposed elimination of the Coastal Zone 
Management (CZM) Grants and the National Coastal Resilience 
Fund (NCRF), which are critical programs for preparing coastal 
areas for measurably rising sea levels. The recommendation 
instead includes $78,000,000 for CZM Grants and $36,000,000 for 
the NCRF, including for project planning and design, including 
watershed scale planning and technical assistance to identify 
where and what specific coastal resilience projects will 
provide the greatest benefit in preparation for expected 
climate impacts, such as sea level rise.
    Coral Reefs.--The Committee is greatly concerned by the 
deterioration of the Nation's coral reefs, which are suffering 
from record levels of bleaching and disease. The recommendation 
therefore includes $34,000,000, which is $7,893,000 above the 
President's request for the Coral Reef Program. The Committee 
also rejects the proposed reduction for Innovative Coral Reef 
Restoration Initiatives.
    Within the increase provided for the Coral Reef Program, 
NOAA shall prioritize active restoration of bank barrier coral 
reef ecosystems in U.S. waters. NOAA is directed to expand its 
collaborative work with external academic partners that conduct 
scientific research for the conservation of corals and coral 
reef ecosystems, including those that are experiencing an 
increasing prevalence of disease outbreaks. Examples of this 
work include identifying the pathogens causing the disease, 
conducting appropriate disease interventions and remediations, 
researching resilient coral species and disease-resistant 
genetic strains of corals, and supporting restoration of 
appropriate and diverse coral species. The Committee recognizes 
that science sponsored through such collaboration is imperative 
for management of these coral reefs for ecosystem resilience 
and for the effective implementation of the National Coral Reef 
Action Strategy, especially with regard to the identification 
of local action strategies for addressing key threats in each 
of the jurisdictions that have coral reefs within its 
boundaries.
    NOAA shall provide to the Committee, no later than 180 days 
after the enactment of this Act, a report on the latest 
scientific tools and technologies available to conserve coral 
germplasm and genetic material of coral reef species. The 
report shall address the feasibility of a national strategy of 
establishing physical biorepositories that can preserve genetic 
material for coral reef propagation and restoration practices.
    National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS).--The 
Committee rejects the proposed elimination of the National 
Estuarine Research Reserve System and instead provides 
$28,250,000 for this important partnership between NOAA and the 
coastal States and territories that protects and studies 
estuarine systems.
    Sanctuaries and Marine Protected Areas.--The Committee 
provides $58,000,000 for Sanctuaries and Marine Protected 
Areas, which is $3,078,000 above the President's request. The 
Committee urges the Office of National Marine Sanctuaries to 
initiate the multi-year marine sanctuary designation process 
for marine sites currently under inventory and ensure all 
stakeholders and the public are fully engaged in developing the 
parameters of a future designation. Within 180 days of 
enactment of this Act, the Committee directs NOAA to submit a 
report on the steps taken to initiate the multi-year marine 
sanctuary designation process for successfully nominated marine 
sites currently in inventory, and the estimated timeline for 
the designation process.
    Marine National Monuments.--Within funding provided for 
National Marine Sanctuaries, up to $1,200,000 may be used for 
competitive research and management grants for existing marine 
national monuments administered by NOS, provided such grants 
are subject to a 100 percent non-Federal match. The Committee 
further directs NOAA to submit a report to the Committee no 
later than 180 days after the enactment of this Act on the 
research that is ongoing, has been completed, and is planned 
for Marine National Monuments administered by NMFS. NOAA shall 
engage with relevant science community stakeholders including, 
but not limited to, governmental, academic and non-governmental 
organization scientists, to determine the gaps in the research 
of these Monuments and make recommendations for research 
priorities, to be included in such report.
    Derelict Fishing Gear.--The Committee recognizes that 
derelict fishing gear (DFG) harms marine life through ghost 
fishing and poses a significant threat, especially to protected 
and native species. NOAA is therefore encouraged to study the 
impacts of DFG on marine life and natural habitats in the 
waters of the United States, including those surrounding U.S. 
territories, especially Marine National Monuments and the 
National Estuarine Research Reserves.
    National Marine Fisheries Service.--The Committee 
recommends $967,586,000 for National Marine Fisheries Service 
(NMFS) Operations, Research, and Facilities, which is 
$125,911,000 above the President's request. NMFS shall continue 
to provide quarterly updates to the Committee consistent with 
direction in fiscal year 2020.

                    NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Protected Resources Science and Management:
    Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles and Other Species.......        $127,905
    Species Recovery Grants.............................           7,000
    Atlantic Salmon.....................................           6,500
    Pacific Salmon......................................          67,250
                                                         ---------------
Protected Resources Science and Management..............         208,655
                                                         ===============
Fisheries Science and Management:
    Fisheries and Ecosystem Science Programs and                 150,018
     Services...........................................
    Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and Assessments.         173,709
    Observers and Training..............................          50,000
    Fisheries Management Programs and Services..........         124,500
    Aquaculture.........................................          15,250
    Salmon Management Activities........................          59,643
    Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions.........          46,446
    Interjurisdictional Fisheries Grants................           3,365
                                                         ---------------
Fisheries Science and Management........................         622,931
                                                         ===============
Enforcement.............................................          77,000
                                                         ===============
Habitat Conservation and Restoration....................          59,000
                                                         ===============
Total, National Marine Fisheries Service, Operations,           $967,586
 Research, and Facilities...............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Climate-Ready Fisheries.--The Committee directs the 
Government Accountability Office (GAO) to issue a report to 
Congress not later than one year after the enactment of this 
Act examining efforts by NMFS, the Regional Fishery Management 
Councils (RFMC), and the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries 
Commission (ASMFC) to prepare and adapt Federal or jointly-
managed fisheries to the impacts of climate change. The report 
shall examine whether these entities have taken steps to 
prepare and respond to the impacts of climate change and if any 
guidance issued to the RFMCs by NMFS on climate impacts has 
been utilized by fishery managers. The report shall also make 
recommendations for addressing (1) the most significant funding 
shortfalls; (2) the most important social, ecological, and 
other knowledge gaps preventing action; (3) how these entities 
can better prepare associated fishing industries and dependent 
communities for the impacts of climate change; and (4) how to 
enhance the capacity of NMFS to monitor and incorporate 
climate-related changes to fishery management.
    Consistent Application of Regulations.--The Committee looks 
forward to receiving the report requested in fiscal year 2020 
regarding the consistent application of regulations across NMFS 
regions and directs NMFS to expedite the report's completion.
    Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, and Other Species.--The 
recommendation includes $127,000,000 for Marine Mammals, Sea 
Turtles, and Other Species. Within this amount, the Committee 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2020 level for Endangered 
Species Act and Marine Mammal Protection Act Permitting 
Capacity and no less than $4,000,000 for the John H. Prescott 
Marine Mammal Rescue Assistance grant program.
    Sea Turtles.--The Committee provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2020 amount for NMFS to continue scientifically 
advisable operations of, and full funding for, ongoing work on 
endangered and threatened sea turtle conservation, including 
captive sea turtle rearing and Turtle Excluder Device research 
and certification to reduce sea turtle bycatch. NOAA committed 
to Congress that it would continue its sea turtle stranding and 
rehabilitation programs until it found suitable non-
governmental partners to take over this program in full. 
Therefore, NMFS is directed to maintain adequate capacity of 
the sea turtle stranding and rehabilitation program until it 
can assure Congress that those critical activities have been 
fully transferred to partner organizations.
    Southern Resident Killer Whales.--The Committee provides 
not less than the fiscal year 2020 amount for the Southern 
Resident Killer Whales program for research and monitoring to 
improve the recovery of the species.
    Foreign Fisheries.--The Committee provides $1,000,000 to 
NMFS to ensure sufficient implementation of the Fish and Fish 
Product Import Provisions Section 101(a)(2) of the Marine 
Mammal Protection Act. NMFS shall use these funds to analyze 
the data provided by nations and to provide technical 
assistance to nations to comply with these provisions. NMFS 
shall prioritize the use of any funds for technical assistance 
to those fisheries interacting with endangered species. NMFS 
may use contractors to ensure that deadlines are met, but shall 
prioritize hiring staff with the increased funds for this 
initiative.
    North Atlantic Right Whale.--The Committee remains 
concerned that North Atlantic right whale populations continue 
to be critically low. Therefore, the Committee rejects the 
President's proposal to reduce funds and instead provides not 
less than $2,000,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 
2020 for research and monitoring of North Atlantic right 
whales. These additional funds shall be dedicated to (1) 
increasing aerial surveys and fixed and mobile acoustic 
monitoring to improve understanding of the species' full range 
and the timing of migration within that range; (2) augmenting 
data collection regarding relevant fishing effort, 
distribution, and gear use; and (3) expanding the pilot to 
develop, refine, and field test innovative fishing gear 
technologies designed to reduce North Atlantic right whale 
entanglements in partnership with relevant stakeholders. 
Further, the Committee encourages NOAA to develop a habitat 
suitability index and long-term tagging methods. The 
recommendation also includes $300,000 from the amount provided 
for Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys, and Assessments to 
continue to support a continuous plankton recorder survey 
consistent with direction provided in fiscal year 2020.
    Species Recovery Grants.--The Committee rejects the 
proposed reduction for Species Recovery Grants and recommends 
$1,010,000 above the President's request.
    Hatchery and Genetic Management Plans.--The Committee 
provides $67,250,000 for Pacific Salmon, $3,014,000 above the 
requested level, and rejects the reduction to Hatchery and 
Genetic Management Plans (HGMPs). Instead, the recommendation 
provides no less than $5,000,000 within Pacific Salmon to 
implement NMFS' comprehensive plan to address the backlog of 
HGMPs as specified in House Report 116-101. NMFS shall provide 
the Committee with an update, not later than 90 days after the 
enactment of this Act, on progress in reducing the backlog.
    Fisheries and Ecosystem Science Programs and Services.--The 
Committee provides $150,018,000 for Fisheries and Ecosystem 
Science Programs and Services and rejects the proposed 
elimination of Antarctic Research, Fisheries Science 
Activities, and Northeast Groundfish Research and provides 
funding at no less than the fiscal year 2020 level for each of 
these programs.
    Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys, and Assessments.--The 
Committee provides $173,709,000 for Fisheries Data Collections, 
Surveys, and Assessments, $9,657,000 above the request. Within 
these funds, no less than $24,000,000 is provided for Fisheries 
Information Networks, the State-Federal cooperative programs 
that coordinate data collection, data management, and 
informational management essential for accurate monitoring of 
commercial and recreational fishing impacts. The recommendation 
does not adopt the proposed reduction for Cooperative Research 
and continues funding for this activity at no less than the 
fiscal year 2020 level. The Committee encourages NMFS to 
support collaborative programs focused on improving 
recreational fishery data collection. The recommendation also 
directs NMFS to deliver technical support, as needed, to the 
Gulf States to prioritize and ensure successful implementation 
of each State plan.
    South Atlantic Reef Fish.--NMFS is encouraged to leverage 
efficiencies learned through the Gulf of Mexico red snapper 
process to better the science and management of the South 
Atlantic red snapper and other reef fish. NMFS shall consider 
employing the independent and alternative stock assessment 
strategies used in the Gulf of Mexico to supplement NMFS 
assessments of reef fish in the South Atlantic. The Committee 
provides up to $1,800,000 for these activities and encourages 
NMFS to incorporate this data into the agency's own stock 
assessments as expeditiously as possible.
    Fisheries Management Programs and Services.--The Committee 
rejects the harmful proposals to reduce base funds to the 
Fisheries Management Programs and Services, the Seafood Import 
Monitoring Program, and provides no less than the fiscal year 
2020 level for these activities. The recommendation does not 
adopt the proposed reduction to Electronic Monitoring and 
Reporting and instead provides no less than the fiscal year 
2020 level for these efforts to continue nationwide. The 
Committee reminds NOAA that catch share programs reduce harmful 
competition between fishing vessels, thereby helping to reduce 
occupational hazards, avoid market gluts, maximize profits, and 
reduce ecological damage. The Committee therefore rejects the 
proposed reduction of funding and provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2020 level for the National Catch Share Program.
    Additionally, within the funds provided for Fisheries 
Science and Management, NOAA shall develop a priority list of 
other species that should be considered for inclusion in the 
Seafood Import Monitoring Program in order to: (1) reduce human 
trafficking in the international seafood supply chain, (2) 
reduce economic harm to the American fishing industry, (3) 
preserve stocks of at-risk species around the world, and (4) 
protect American consumers from seafood fraud. NOAA shall 
provide this list to the Committee within 180 days of enactment 
of this Act.
    To strengthen implementation of the Seafood Import 
Monitoring Program, the Committee directs NMFS to increase 
coordination with the Commercial Targeting and Analysis Center 
(CTAC) in the Department of Homeland Security to develop 
additional analytical tools to help identify imports that are 
of high risk of illegal fishing and seafood fraud to inform 
targeted inspections and enforcement.
    Video Review of Electronic Monitoring Data.--Within funding 
provided for Fisheries Management Programs and Services, the 
Committee provides no less than $400,000 for the video review 
of the West Coast Groundfish electronic monitoring data and 
$400,000 for the video review of the Gulf of Alaska partial 
coverage electronic monitoring data.
    Pacific Bluefin Tuna.--The Committee continues to be 
concerned with the depleted status of Pacific bluefin tuna and 
therefore urges NMFS to support the Management Strategy 
Evaluations (MSE) for Pacific bluefin tuna and other priority 
highly migratory species. Further, the Committee encourages 
NMFS to ensure a strong U.S. negotiating position on Pacific 
bluefin tuna recovery by providing additional resources to 
support engagement of the Pacific Fishery Management Council 
and U.S. stakeholders to ensure continued progress on the 
international recovery plan.
    Oyster Restoration and Research.--The Committee encourages 
NOAA to competitively select external partners to research 
alternative substrates for oyster restoration. NOAA shall 
consider survivability as part of the oyster restoration 
program in the Chesapeake Bay. Within Habitat Conservation and 
Restoration, the Committee encourages NOAA to support oyster 
restoration in the Chesapeake Bay.
    Salmon Management Activities.--The Committee recommends 
$1,600,000 above the fiscal year 2020 amount provided for 
Salmon Management Activities. The Committee rejects the 
proposed reductions to these activities and instead includes no 
less than $36,100,000 for Pacific Salmon Treaty activities and 
$23,000,000 for Mitchell Act Hatcheries that shall be executed 
consistent with prior year direction. NMFS shall continue to 
brief the Committee biannually on the implementation of the new 
obligations of the 2018 recertification of the Pacific Salmon 
Treaty as directed in fiscal year 2020.
    Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions.--The 
recommendation accepts the proposed technical transfers into 
Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions, but rejects the 
proposed reduction in funding for this program. Further, within 
the funds provided for Regional Councils and Fisheries 
Commissions, $250,000 is included to implement the Pacific 
Fishery Management Council's Fishery Ecosystem Plan (FEP) 
Climate and Communities Initiative and to update the FEP to 
support climate-ready fisheries and ecosystem-based fisheries 
management.
    Interjurisdictional Fisheries Grants.--The recommendation 
rejects the proposed elimination of Interjurisdictional 
Fisheries Grants and instead provides $3,365,000.
    Enforcement.--The Committee provides $77,000,000 for 
Enforcement, which is $21,070,000 above the request. The 
Committee again rejects the proposed elimination of the 
Cooperative Enforcement Program that includes the execution of 
Joint Enforcement Agreements as well as the proposal to reduce 
enforcement capacity, and instead provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2020 level for these activities.
    Illegal Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) Fishing.-- IUU 
fishing is a threat to the health of the oceans, undermines 
honest businesses and fishers who play by the rules, and 
enables human trafficking, forced labor, and other criminal 
activity. Within the increase to Enforcement, the Committee 
directs NMFS to allocate a full-time employee, or its 
equivalent, to staff the Interagency Working Group on IUU 
Fishing, which was established in the FY 2020 National Defense 
Authorization Act (Public Law 116-92). Dedicated staffing shall 
ensure that the Interagency Working Group can fulfill the 
requirements in the Maritime SAFE Act, including the 
preparation of a strategic plan by December 2021. The Committee 
directs NOAA to provide a report to the Committee detailing 
costs and progress on improvements to IUU enforcement and 
seafood traceability since 2018 within 180 days of the 
enactment of this Act.
    Habitat Conservation and Restoration.--The Committee 
provides $59,000,000 for Habitat Conservation and Restoration, 
which is $19,952,000 above the request. Further, the 
recommendation rejects the reductions to Sustainable Habitat 
Management and Fisheries Habitat Grants and provides no less 
than the fiscal year 2020 level for each program. The Committee 
appreciates the progress made in reducing the backlog of 
essential fish habitat consultations and encourages NMFS to 
continue to prioritize this effort. The Committee also directs 
the Office of Habitat Conservation to continue to collaborate 
with NOS' Coral Reef Conservation program to restore coral 
barrier reef ecosystems.
    Lionfish.--The Committee encourages NOAA to award 
competitive grants to address invasive Lionfish in the Atlantic 
Ocean and Gulf of Mexico.
    Horseshoe Crabs.--Adequate data is required to ensure 
States and interstate managers can effectively manage the 
Horseshoe Crab population, which is important to the biomedical 
and commercial fishing industries, as well as to the ecology of 
the Mid-Atlantic region. The Committee directs NMFS to continue 
the Horseshoe Crab survey to generate the data necessary to 
ensure that the Horseshoe Crab stock remains on a sustainable 
path.
    Adapting Fisheries Management to a Changing Climate.--The 
Committee notes that preparation efforts offer the potential to 
yield greater stability in Federal fishery management as the 
oceans change as a result of climate change, with benefits to 
fish stocks, fishermen, and fishing communities. Within the 
funds provided for Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions, 
NOAA is encouraged to support climate-ready fishery management 
efforts underway by the Councils, including initiatives to 
conduct scenario planning and other preparation or adaptation 
efforts.
    Bycatch Reduction and Incidental Take Permits.--The 
Committee is concerned by changing ocean conditions that are 
disrupting ecosystem stability, leading to increased conflicts 
between commercial shellfish fisheries and protected species. 
To resolve this conflict, the Committee encourages NMFS to 
ensure that it dedicates adequate resources (1) to 
expeditiously evaluate any application that it receives for an 
incidental take permit for shellfish fisheries, (2) to support 
the NOAA Bycatch Reduction Engineering Program for research and 
development of gear innovations to prevent entanglements while 
allowing for continued fishing in these fisheries, and (3) to 
continue robust participation in collaborative efforts to 
reduce fishing gear conflicts.
    Oceanic and Atmospheric Research.--The Committee recommends 
$584,426,000 for Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) 
Operations, Research, and Facilities, which represents an 
increase of $36,042,000 over fiscal year 2020 and is 
$257,681,000 above the request.

               OFFICE OF OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Climate Research:
    Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.............         $78,000
    Regional Climate Data and Information...............          43,000
    Climate Competitive Research........................          69,000
                                                         ---------------
Climate Research........................................         190,000
                                                         ===============
Weather and Air Chemistry Research:
    Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.............          89,000
    U.S. Weather Research Program.......................          28,750
    Tornado Severe Storm Research/Phased Array Radar....          14,134
    Joint Technology Transfer Initiative................          14,000
                                                         ---------------
Weather and Air Chemistry Research......................         145,884
                                                         ===============
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research:
    Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.............          37,000
    National Sea Grant College Program..................          71,000
    Marine Aquaculture Program..........................          13,000
    Ocean Exploration and Research......................          42,742
    Integrated Ocean Acidification......................          16,000
    Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring.........          46,000
    National Oceanographic Partnership Program..........           5,000
                                                         ---------------
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research................         230,742
                                                         ===============
High Performance Computing Initiatives..................          17,800
                                                         ===============
Total, Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research,              $584,426
 Operations, Research, and Facilities...................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Forward-looking Climate Data.--The National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) plays a vital role in 
providing accurate climate data and projections to other 
Federal agencies. Therefore, the Committee directs NOAA to 
identify and support the utilization by the National Institute 
of Standards and Technology (NIST) of an authoritative set of 
climate information that emphasizes forward-looking climate 
data and projections to be utilized by NIST in their standard-
setting process. This effort shall serve to aid both Federal 
and non-Federal bodies to develop standards, building codes, 
and voluntary standards that take into account increasingly 
extreme weather events and other climate change challenges.
    Climate Research.--The Committee provides $190,000,000 for 
Climate Research and rejects the reductions to Climate 
Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes and the termination of 
climate research at the Atlantic Oceanographic and 
Meteorological Laboratory and directs NOAA to continue this 
work at no less than the level of funding provided in fiscal 
year in 2020. The recommendation further rejects the proposal 
to eliminate funding for the National Climate Assessment (NCA) 
and instead provides no less than the fiscal year 2020 level to 
continue this work. The Committee emphasizes that the NCA is 
congressionally-mandated and shall not be impeded.
    Coastal Inundation Forecasting and Resilience.--Within 
funds provided for Climate Laboratories and Cooperative 
Institutes, the Committee directs OAR, in collaboration with 
NOS and other partners in the U.S. Global Change Research 
Program as appropriate, to develop and initiate a research 
agenda to improve understanding of inundation risks to coastal 
areas as a result of the climate crisis and to meet the 
information needs of decision makers as they consider how to 
appropriately adapt and increase resilience to such impacts. 
OAR shall provide to the Committee, within 180 days of the 
enactment of this Act, a report outlining a 5-year plan for 
such efforts and the associated funding requirements.
    Atmospheric Baseline Observatories.--The Committee supports 
the work of the Global Monitoring Laboratory and its 
Atmospheric Baseline Observatories, which have provided 
measurements of the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 
for over 60 years that are the basis of the world-renowned 
Keeling Curve and whose data is used by more than 500 external 
partners and stakeholders. The Committee provides no less than 
$1,250,000, within Climate Laboratories and Cooperative 
Institutes, to modernize these observatories' aging 
infrastructure to ensure measurement integrity and safety of 
the observatory facilities.
    Earth's Radiation Budget.--The Committee provides no less 
than $9,000,000 for modeling, assessments, observations, and 
monitoring of stratospheric conditions and the Earth's 
radiation budget, including the impact of the introduction of 
material into the stratosphere from changes in natural systems, 
increased air and space traffic, proposals to inject material 
to affect climate, and the assessment of solar climate 
interventions. Within these funds, the recommendation further 
directs OAR to improve the understanding of the impact of 
atmospheric aerosols on radiative forcing, as well as on the 
formation of clouds, precipitation, and extreme weather.
    Arctic Research.--The Committee rejects the proposed 
elimination of Arctic Research and provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2020 level in both Regional Climate Data and 
Information and Climate Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes 
for this work.
    Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments Program.--The 
Committee rejects the termination of the Regional Integrated 
Sciences and Assessments Program and instead provides the 
program an increase of $3,000,000, as compared to the fiscal 
year 2020 level, within Regional Climate Data and Information. 
The Committee directs NOAA to expand the geographic coverage of 
the program with a long-term goal of providing comprehensive 
decision-support services and tools to local and regional 
decision makers in all States and territories.
    Climate Competitive Research.--The Committee rejects the 
elimination of Climate Competitive Research as well as any 
transfers or eliminations of activities, funds, or staff from 
this budget line proposed in the President's request. Instead, 
the recommendation includes $69,000,000 for this critical 
research, which is $6,000,000 above fiscal year 2020.
    Weather and Air Chemistry Research.--The Committee provides 
$145,884,000 for Weather and Air Chemistry Research, which is 
$12,250,000 above fiscal year 2020. The recommendation rejects 
the proposals to close the Air Resources Lab and to decrease 
funding for Weather and Air Chemistry Research Laboratories and 
Cooperative Institutes, and instead provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2020 level for each of these activities. The 
recommendation also includes $10,000,000 for Vortex-Southeast.
    Earth Prediction Innovation Center.--The Committee provides 
$28,750,000 for the U.S. Weather Research Program (USWRP), 
thereby rejecting the proposal to reduce base funding. The 
committee commends NOAA for efforts made to advance weather 
forecasting through the Earth Prediction Innovation Center 
(EPIC) program and provides $3,500,000 above fiscal year 2020 
for this program. The Committee further directs the agency to 
continue efforts to advance and accelerate forecasting 
improvements that are accessible to the public and community-
based. The committee directs NOAA to include workforce, 
organizational, and culture change components as part of the 
EPIC scope and to include the adoption of more modern software 
engineering practices and the application of new practices in 
research and operations processes that infuse innovation.
    Tornado Warning Improvement and Extension Program.--The 
Committee provides $3,200,000 to create the Tornado Warning 
Improvement and Extension Program as authorized in the Weather 
Research and Forecasting Innovation Act of 2017 (Public Law 
115-25).
    Sensor Fusion for Snow Water Resource Management.--The 
Committee supports NOAA's activities to improve snow water 
resource monitoring to improve operational forecasts at NOAA's 
National Water Center (NWC). The Committee encourages NOAA to 
pursue research activities to demonstrate and integrate into 
the NWC's National Water Model accurately calibrated and 
validated snow water equivalent estimates at high resolution 
through extensive airborne and field experiments throughout the 
western United States.
    Severe Weather Extramural Testbeds.--The Committee 
continues to support efforts at NOAA to leverage the 
capabilities of extramural partners as they continue to 
implement the Weather Research and Forecasting Innovation Act. 
Within the funding for Tornado Severe Storm Research/Phased 
Array Radar, the Committee encourages NOAA to establish a 
severe weather extramural testbed to focus on severe weather 
and to improve weather modeling and prediction, including 
improved convection models and use of new techniques for data 
assimilation and ensemble prediction. Such efforts are an 
important step in helping improve the path from research to 
operations for the NWS.
    Next Generation Phased Array Weather Radars.--The Committee 
affirms NOAA's investment in the development of advanced radar 
systems and technology to satisfy its weather and related 
requirements. Within the amount provided for Tornado Severe 
Storm Research/Phased Array Radar above the request, NOAA shall 
expand the Agency's work on digital phased array radar systems 
with the goal of evolving into broader advanced radar research 
and applications in collaboration with current university 
cooperative institute partners with expertise in this area. 
This refined investment should also work in parallel to provide 
complementary but not redundant research and development to 
meet National Weather Service requirements and to reduce long-
term operations and maintenance costs of the future national 
radar network.
    Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research Laboratories and 
Cooperative Institutes.--The Committee provides $37,000,000 for 
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research Laboratories and 
Cooperative Institutes. The Committee does not approve the 
proposed termination of the Genomics program and instead 
directs NOAA to expand this work within the increased available 
base funds, including work on HABs with regard to real-time 
forecasting of HABs and their toxicity, and testing of remote 
observing systems and environmental sample processors. Further, 
the Committee expects NOAA to fully fund these cooperative 
institutes at appropriate levels in future years, including 
well-established institutes focused on watershed impacts on 
marine and Great Lakes ecosystems, remote sensing, and long-
term monitoring of the impacts of environmental hazards on 
marine and Great Lakes ecosystem health.
    National Sea Grant College Program.--The Committee once 
again rejects the President's proposal to eliminate the 
National Sea Grant College Program. Instead, the Committee 
provides $71,000,000, including an increase of $4,000,000 as 
compared to the fiscal year 2020 level for the base program 
that funds universities in coastal States around the country.
    Tribal Coastal Resiliency Planning.--The Committee 
encourages NOAA to support mitigation and relocation efforts of 
coastal tribal communities that are seeking to mitigate the 
threat of severe weather storms and promote public safety.
    Marine Aquaculture Program.--The Committee recognizes the 
importance of NOAA's Marine Aquaculture research and 
development activities that help coastal communities maintain a 
safe and sustainable local seafood supply through research and 
technology transfer to support and expand America's aquaculture 
industry. As such, the Committee provides $13,000,000 for 
Marine Aquaculture.
    Ocean Exploration and Research.--The Committee rejects the 
requested decrease in funding for Ocean Exploration and 
Research and instead provides $42,742,000 and encourages NOAA 
to map and characterize the Nation's Exclusive Economic Zone 
and Extended Continental Shelf.
    Integrated Ocean Acidification.--The Committee is 
increasingly concerned about the impacts of ocean acidification 
on coastal communities and industries and therefore rejects the 
proposed reduction to the Integrated Ocean Acidification 
program. The recommendation instead includes $16,000,000 for 
this important work. Within the increase, NOAA shall, in 
partnership with academia and the private sector, prioritize 
efforts at understanding, monitoring, and mitigating coastal 
ocean acidification, especially where it impacts fisheries and 
aquaculture.
    The Committee encourages NOAA, in coordination with the 
Office of Science and Technology Policy, to implement a program 
to competitively award prizes under the Stevenson-Wydler 
Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3719) to stimulate 
innovation to advance the understanding, research, or 
monitoring of ocean acidification or its impacts, or to develop 
management or adaptation options for responding to ocean 
acidification. In prize competitions, the Committee encourages 
NOAA to prioritize communities, environments, or industries 
that are currently in distress due to the impacts of ocean 
acidification.
    Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring.--The 
recommendation does not adopt the requested reduction in funds 
for Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring and instead 
provides $46,000,000. Within the increase, NOAA shall expand 
coverage of biogeochemical and Deep Argo floats to improve 
ecological and sub-seasonal-to-seasonal weather forecasting as 
well as to provide observational data on the health and state 
of the ocean, particularly in the deep sea, the tropics, and 
the Arctic.
    Cloud Computing for Research.--The Committee rejects the 
proposed reduction to Research and Development Cloud Computing 
Services and instead provides no less than $6,000,000 for cloud 
computing for research consistent with prior year direction. 
The Committee further looks forward to receiving the report 
requested in fiscal year 2020 regarding high performance and 
cloud computing.
    National Weather Service.--The Committee recommends 
$1,112,073,000 for National Weather Service (NWS) Operations, 
Research, and Facilities, which is $46,372,000 above the 
President's Budget request. The Committee reaffirms its 
commitment to the weather enterprise and the necessity of 
maintaining the mission of protecting life and property within 
the Federal Government. While the Committee does not oppose the 
continued growth of the private weather industry, the 
increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters 
epitomize the need for the public provision of this critical 
information.

                        NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Observations............................................        $241,000
Central Processing......................................         102,538
Analyze, Forecast, and Support..........................         538,000
Dissemination...........................................          79,112
Science and Technology Integration......................         151,423
                                                         ---------------
Total, National Weather Service, Operations, Research,         1,112,073
 and Facilities.........................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    NWS Staffing.--The Committee remains concerned about 
continuing reports of staffing and management challenges within 
NWS. NOAA and the Department of Commerce are directed to ensure 
that NWS fulfills its critical mission to protect the lives and 
property of our Nation's citizens, including by filling all 
vacancies as expeditiously as possible. In its fiscal year 2021 
spend plan, NWS shall follow direction as provided in fiscal 
year 2020. The Committee further directs NWS to continue the 
quarterly briefings to the Committee first required in fiscal 
year 2018, and NWS shall also include information about weather 
forecast accuracy and efforts to improve such accuracy. 
Further, future NWS spend plans provided to the Committee shall 
include a detailed comparison, in tables and narrative 
descriptions, showing the prior fiscal year's spend plan, 
compared with that year's actual expenditures, with 
justifications for all deviations.
    Observations.--The recommendation provides $241,000,000 for 
observation activities, including not less than $1,000,000 for 
Data Sharing for Integrated Global Observing System and Global 
Basic Observing Network. The recommendation does not adopt the 
proposed reductions to Marine Observations, Upper Air 
Observations, the Ship Observation Data Buy, NEXRAD Radome and 
Tower Maintenance Services, or the Weather and Ocean Platform 
Buoys and provides not less than the fiscal year 2020 level for 
each of these activities. The Committee reaffirms its support 
for the tsunami detection mission and provides not less than 
the fiscal year 2020 enacted level for the Tropical Atmosphere 
Ocean (TAO) Platform observations.
    National Mesonet Program.--The recommendation includes not 
less than $22,500,000 for the National Mesonet Program, 
$2,300,000 above the fiscal year 2020 level, to enable the 
program to increase the number of observations, include new 
types of data, and introduce innovative capabilities to address 
capacity and coverage gaps.
    Central Processing.--The recommendation includes 
$102,538,000 for Central Processing while rejecting the 
proposed reduction to the Advanced Hydrologic Prediction 
Services System and the proposal to terminate 84 Information 
Technology Officers who are critical to the delivery of timely 
and actionable forecasts. No less than the fiscal year 2020 
level is provided to continue these activities.
    Analyze, Forecast, and Support.--The recommendation 
includes $538,000,000 for Analyze, Forecast, and Support 
activities, but does not adopt the proposed NWS workforce 
savings that would only serve to exacerbate the staffing 
problems noted above. The Committee further rejects the 
proposed consolidation of the functions of the Climate 
Prediction Center and the Weather Prediction Center at the 
National Centers for Environmental Prediction, as well as the 
termination of Aviation Science Research to Operations, and 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2020 amount for each of 
these activities.
    Tsunami Warning Program.--The Committee rejects the 
proposed reduction to the Tsunami Warning Program and instead 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2020 level for this 
critical program.
    Weather decadal.--The recommendation includes no less than 
$1,500,000 from within Analyze, Forecast, and Support to 
commission the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and 
Medicine to undertake the inaugural decadal survey of the U.S. 
weather enterprise, to be completed not later than one year 
after the enactment of this Act, that shall: (1) ensure the 
participation of all relevant Federal agencies; (2) provide 
policymakers with the relevant information to prioritize 
investments in weather forecasting, modeling, data 
assimilation, and supercomputing over the next ten years; (3) 
assess the current US weather enterprise and how it has 
performed over the previous five years, including 
implementation of the Weather Research and Forecasting 
Innovation Act of 2017 (15 U.S.C. 8501-8549); and (4) evaluate 
future potential Federal investments in science, satellites, 
radars, and other observation technologies, to include surface 
and boundary layer observations, so that all domestic users of 
weather information can receive data in the most efficient and 
effective manner possible.
    Dissemination.--The Committee provides $79,112,000 for 
Dissemination Operations, Research, and Facilities, and rejects 
the proposal to reduce funding for NOAA Weather Radio.
    Science and Technology Integration.--The recommendation 
includes $151,423,000 for Science and Technology Integration 
but approves neither the termination of COASTAL Act or Aviation 
Science Research to Operations, nor the reduction to Numerical 
Weather Prediction Modeling. No less than the fiscal year 2020 
level is provided for each of these activities.
    National Water Center (NWC).--The Committee does not adopt 
the termination of funding for Hydrology and Water Resources 
within Science and Technology Integration. Instead, the 
recommendation includes no less than the fiscal year 2020 level 
to continue research activities to improve fine and large-scale 
measurements of snow depth and soil moisture data that can be 
used to expand and improve the National Water Model and 
contribute directly to the mission of NOAA's National Water 
Center.
    Improving River and Flood Forecasts.--The Committee was 
troubled by the widespread flooding throughout the Nation in 
calendar year 2019. Future effective mitigation of this costly 
and dangerous hazard requires improved monitoring and 
forecasting of hydrologic conditions, including stream and 
river flow. Recognizing this need, the Committee encourages 
NOAA, in collaboration with the United States Geological 
Survey, to work with the extramural research community to 
update and improve upon its existing flooding models and 
forecasts, to utilize new technologies for enhanced data 
collection, and to enhance flood data services for local 
government officials, communities, producers, and other 
stakeholders who depend on accurate flooding forecasts. NOAA 
should consider how this priority can be addressed by future 
partnerships with academic and State centers, particularly in 
those States impacted by the 2019 Missouri River and North 
Central Flooding.
    Storm Surge Modeling Technology.--The Committee encourages 
NOAA to continue to pursue collaborations that will improve 
upon NOAA's current Sea, Lake, and Overland Surge from 
Hurricanes model; and encourages NOAA to consider integrating 
improved technologies into standard modeling operations for 
storm surge, inland flooding, and the combination of both.
    National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information 
Service.--The Committee recommends $285,606,000 for National 
Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service (NESDIS) 
Operations, Research, and Facilities.

     NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE, DATA AND INFORMATION SERVICE
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Environmental Satellite Observing Systems:
    Office of Satellite and Product Operations..........        $189,099
    Product Development, Readiness, and Application.....          28,907
    Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs........           1,800
    Office of Space Commerce............................           1,800
    Group on Earth Observations.........................             500
                                                         ---------------
Environmental Satellite Observing Systems...............         222,106
                                                         ===============
National Centers for Environmental Information..........          63,500
                                                         ===============
Total, National Environmental Satellite, Data and               $285,606
 Information Service, Operations, Research, and
 Facilities.............................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Product Development, Readiness, and Application.--The 
recommendation does not accept the proposal regarding Data 
Products Developed and provides no less than the fiscal year 
2020 level for this work.
    Office of Space Commerce.--The Committee does not accept 
the proposal to transfer the functions of the Office of Space 
Commerce and Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs out 
of NOAA NESDIS. The Committee looks forward to the delivery of 
the study on this topic by the National Academy of Public 
Administration.
    National Centers for Environmental Information.--The 
Committee does not adopt the proposals to reduce National 
Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) grants or to 
terminate Regional Climate Services. The Committee recommends 
$63,500,000 for NCEI, which includes no less than $5,500,000 
for Coastal Data Development, $2,400,000 for Regional Climate 
Services, and $4,600,000 for Regional Climate Centers. NESDIS 
shall further prioritize filling the vacant Regional Climate 
Services Director positions.
    Mission Support.--The recommendation includes $311,454,000 
for Mission Support Operations, Research, and Facilities.

                             MISSION SUPPORT
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mission Support:
    Executive Leadership................................         $28,024
    Mission Services and Management.....................         161,163
    IT Security.........................................          15,378
    Payment to DOC Working Capital Fund.................          66,389
                                                         ---------------
Mission Support Services................................         270,954
                                                         ===============
Office of Education:
    B-WET Regional Programs.............................           8,000
    Jose E. Serrano Educational Partnership Program with          20,000
     Minority Serving Institutions......................
    NOAA Education Program Base.........................           5,500
                                                         ---------------
Office of Education.....................................          33,500
                                                         ===============
Facilities Maintenance..................................           7,000
                                                         ===============
Total, Mission Support, Operations, Research, and               $311,454
 Facilities.............................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Office of Education.--The Committee rejects all of the 
proposed cuts to the Office of Education and believes the 
enactment of these proposals would do great harm to the future 
of oceanic and atmospheric sciences. The Committee recognizes 
that the changing climate and increasing degradation of our 
environment will necessitate greater future investments in 
these scientific fields and their corresponding workforces. 
Consequently, the recommendation includes $33,500,000 for 
NOAA's Office of Education, an increase of $3,300,000 above the 
fiscal year 2020 level, which includes continued support for 
Environmental Literacy Grants and for improving geographic 
literacy. Of this amount, $20,000,000 is provided for the Jose 
E. Serrano Educational Partnership Program with Minority 
Serving Institutions and $8,000,000 is provided to continue the 
Bay-Watershed Education and Training (B-WET) regional programs.
    Facilities Maintenance.--The Committee accepts the 
consolidation of Facilities Maintenance into one budget line 
under Mission Support, including the proposed transfer of funds 
for this purpose from NMFS.
    Office of Marine and Aviation Operations (OMAO).--The 
recommendation includes $255,779,000 for the Office of Marine 
and Aviation Operations, Operations, Research, and Facilities. 
The Committee appreciates the clear and concise regular 
briefings provided by OMAO's leadership and encourages them to 
continue with the same frequency and detail as in fiscal year 
2020.

                OFFICE OF MARINE AND AVIATION OPERATIONS
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations:
    Marine Operations and Maintenance...................        $174,000
    Aviation Operations and Aircraft Services...........          29,466
    Unmanned Systems Operations.........................          10,665
    NOAA Corps..........................................          41,648
                                                         ---------------
Total, Office of Marine and Aviation Operations,                $255,779
 Operations, Research, and Facilities...................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Marine and Aviation Operations.--The Committee notes the 
importance of NOAA's vessels' Days At Sea (DAS) and aircraft 
flight hours in fulfilling NOAA's mission requirements, and 
therefore rejects the proposals to reduce DAS and Aircraft 
Operations. Instead, the Committee directs OMAO to maximize DAS 
and flight hours, to the extent practicable, while executing 
the comprehensive vessel and aircraft maintenance program 
recently developed by OMAO.
    Monitoring of Atmospheric Rivers.--Improving understanding 
of atmospheric rivers is critical to preparing for concentrated 
rain storms and flooding along the U.S. West Coast. Therefore, 
the Committee rejects the proposal to eliminate these flights 
and instead provides no less than $2,000,000, including up to 
$1,500,000 from unexpended funds in fiscal year 2020, for use 
of airborne assets to conduct increased winter storm 
observations to better observe and predict these extreme 
weather events.
    Unmanned Systems Operations.--The Committee provides 
$10,665,000 for Unmanned Systems Operations (UxS) and directs 
OMAO to continue to prioritize operationalizing unmanned 
technologies. OMAO shall also partner with OAR to develop new 
technologies and applications of unmanned systems to cost 
effectively meet NOAA's missions.
    Further, the Committee directs NOAA, in partnership with 
the UxS Executive Oversight Board, as well as in consultation 
with the leadership of each of the NOAA line offices, to 
develop a 5-year strategic plan for expanding the use of 
unmanned systems, including from third party vendors, as 
appropriate, to meet NOAA's broad suite of missions. The plan 
shall detail how the use of these platforms will supplement the 
in-situ data collection capabilities and change the demands on 
NOAA's ships and aircraft, both in terms of deploying unmanned 
assets as well as the potential for reduced demand on those 
assets as unmanned systems multiply the capacity for 
environmental observations. This plan shall take into 
consideration the rapidly advancing technology of these 
platforms as well as the sensors that can be placed upon them 
and allow the flexibility to adopt technologies as they become 
available. NOAA shall deliver this plan to the Committee no 
later than 12 months after the enactment of this Act.

               PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION AND CONSTRUCTION

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$1,537,360,000 for Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction 
(PAC), of which $1,524,360,000 is appropriated from the general 
fund and $13,000,000 is derived from recoveries of prior year 
obligations.
    The following narrative descriptions and tables identify 
the specific activities and funding levels included in this 
Act.

                PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION AND CONSTRUCTION
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Ocean Service:
    National Estuarine Research Reserve Construction....          $2,000
    Marine Sanctuaries Construction.....................           4,000
                                                         ---------------
    Total, NOS--PAC.....................................           6,000
                                                         ===============
Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research:
    Research Supercomputing/CCRI........................          42,000
                                                         ===============
National Weather Service:
    Observations........................................          15,745
    Central Processing..................................          66,761
    Dissemination.......................................           9,934
                                                         ---------------
      Total, NWS--PAC...................................          92,440
                                                         ===============
National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information
 Service:
    GOES R..............................................         334,500
    Space Weather Follow-on.............................         108,115
    Polar Weather Satellites............................         657,835
    CDARS...............................................          14,400
    COSMIC 2/GNSS RO....................................           5,892
    Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO).....................          10,000
    Systems/Services Architecture and Engineering (SAE).          37,000
    Satellite Ground Services (SGS).....................          39,287
    Projects, Planning, and Analysis....................          15,941
    Satellite CDA Facility..............................           2,450
      Total, NESDIS--PAC................................       1,224,118
                                                         ===============
Mission Support:
    NOAA Construction...................................          50,000
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations:
    Fleet Capital Improvements and Technology Infusion..          27,500
    Vessel Recapitalization.............................          92,000
    Unmanned Systems Acquisitions.......................           2,000
                                                         ---------------
      Total, OMAO-PAC...................................         121,500
                                                         ===============
Total, Procurement, Acquisition and Construction........      $1,537,360
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Research Supercomputing.--The Committee recognizes the 
importance of supercomputing capacity to further research 
efforts regarding weather and climate modeling and therefore 
recommends $42,000,000 for OAR Research Supercomputing, which 
is $16,000,000 above the request.
    Integrated Water Prediction.--The Committee provides 
$66,761,000 for Central Processing under National Weather 
Service PAC, which includes not less than the fiscal year 2020 
level for Integrated Water Prediction High Performance 
Computing as well as Research and Development High Performance 
Computing.
    Quarterly Satellite Reports.--The Committee directs the 
Department of Commerce to continue to provide oversight of 
NOAA's satellite programs as directed in fiscal year 2020. NOAA 
shall also continue to provide quarterly briefings to the 
Committee on all NOAA satellite programs not later than 30 days 
after the end of each quarter. These briefings shall include 
the status of obligations for each program, including 
spacecraft, launch vehicle, sensor, integration, and ground 
components, and proposed changes to the fly-out charts. NOAA 
shall also include in these briefings updates on all of its 
operational satellite systems.
    Commercial Data.--The Committee provides $2,678,000 above 
the fiscal year 2020 level for purchase and piloting of 
commercial weather data.
    NOAA Construction.--The Committee notes the poor condition 
of NOAA's aging physical research infrastructure, including a 
number of highly utilized NOAA Fisheries regional facilities 
that perform critical, world class research and surveys in 
support of the agency's multiple missions. The Committee is 
particularly concerned that several key NOAA Fisheries regional 
labs across the country will soon be unable to perform basic 
functions, even with major reconstruction, given the 
significant age of infrastructure, state of disrepair, and 
changing physical environment in which they are located. The 
Committee therefore urges NOAA Fisheries to accelerate existing 
regional facility modernization planning and analysis efforts. 
Such efforts shall prioritize the benefits of colocation with 
existing Federal academic, university, and nonprofit partners, 
including cooperative institutes, as appropriate, as a means of 
leveraging existing relationships and research efforts in an 
effort to maintain, if not elevate, the facilities capabilities 
and enhance scientific excellence.
    Vessel Recapitalization.--Following the unexpected 
decommissioning of the Research Vessel Hi'ialakai, the 
Committee expects NOAA to place a higher priority on full, 
proper, and timely maintenance of all ships and vessels. The 
Committee therefore notes with disdain the omission of a 
request for funding of the midlife maintenance of NOAA's global 
class vessel despite the direction provided in fiscal year 
2020. Funding for such maintenance is included in this 
recommendation. The Committee directs NOAA, in all future 
budget submissions to Congress, to detail all operational and 
maintenance requirements in addition to capital requirements of 
vessels and aircraft to maintain the optimal operational tempo 
necessary to meet NOAA's missions. The Committee reaffirms its 
support for NOAA's Fleet Recapitalization Plan by, as in prior 
fiscal years, providing the requested amount for Vessel 
Recapitalization. The Committee expects that NOAA will ensure 
that these new vessels facilitate the reduction of gaps in 
mission coverage as current ships fall into disrepair or are 
decommissioned. During the recapitalization process, NOAA is 
encouraged to evaluate its fleet plan regularly and consider 
cost-effective alternatives such as vessel leasing or 
chartering for meeting NOAA's mission requirements.

                    Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery

    The Committee rejects the proposed termination of Pacific 
Coastal Salmon Recovery and recommends $65,000,000 for this 
program.

                      Fishermen's Contingency Fund

    The Committee recommends $349,000 for the Fishermen's 
Contingency Fund, which is the same as fiscal year 2020. This 
Fund is available to compensate U.S. commercial fishermen for 
damage or loss caused by obstructions related to oil and gas 
exploration, and is derived from fees collected by the 
Secretary of the Interior.

                      Fishery Disaster Assistance

    The Committee accepts the proposal for Fishery Disaster 
Assistance. The Committee recognizes the distress caused by 
fishery disasters and understands that poor communication and 
funding disbursement delays only exacerbate an already 
difficult problem. NOAA is urged to consider policy changes to 
improve and expedite the review and obligation process, and to 
provide Congress with budgetary and legislative proposals as 
needed.

                   Fisheries Finance Program Account

    The Committee recommends language under this heading 
limiting obligations of direct loans to $24,000,000 for 
Individual Fishing Quota loans and $100,000,000 for traditional 
direct loans.

                        Departmental Management

    The Committee recommends $129,723,000 for Departmental 
Management (DM), $14,723,000 above fiscal year 2020 and 
$41,092,000 below the request. This amount includes funding for 
DM Salaries and Expenses, the Renovation and Modernization of 
the Herbert C. Hoover Building, the Department of Commerce 
Nonrecurring Expenses Fund, and the Office of Inspector 
General.
    Modernizing economic statistics in Puerto Rico.--In October 
2019, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released prototype 
statistics for consumer spending, business investment, and net 
exports of goods for Puerto Rico for 2012-2017. This 
information is an important step towards producing gross 
domestic product (GDP) statistics for Puerto Rico and in line 
with recommendations from the 2016 Bipartisan Congressional 
Task Force on Economic Growth in Puerto Rico report to the 
House and Senate. The Committee understands that BEA will 
release these estimates by the end of 2020. The Committee 
directs the Department to continue its efforts to help the 
government of Puerto Rico to modernize its economic statistics 
programs and looks forward to receiving the report outlining 
its efforts to produce quarterly economic surveys for the 
territories and personal income statistics as directed in House 
Report 116-101.
    Interstate Commerce.--The Committee remains concerned about 
the Electronic Export Information (EEI) requirements located in 
15 CFR Part 30, which mandate reporting for certain goods 
between the States and Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, 
and understands that the Commerce Department, in coordination 
with the Government of Puerto Rico, will stand up a working 
group to explore alternative options, and that the Census 
Bureau will be issuing a Federal Register Notice soliciting 
stakeholder insights. The Committee believes that the EEI 
imposes undue costs and burdens on companies seeking to do 
business in Puerto Rico, and serves as a disincentive to 
investment. The Committee reminds the Department that the 2016 
Bipartisan Congressional Task Force on Economic Growth in 
Puerto Rico recommended the Department conduct a thorough 
evaluation of its regulations requiring EEI filings and assess 
alternative data sets, including Puerto Rico's SURI system 
(Sistema Unificado de Rentas Internas) that could be used 
without modification. The Committee directs the Department, 
within 90 days of enactment of this Act, to submit a report to 
the Committee with an analysis of alternative methods of 
developing GDP data for Puerto Rico without using EEI 
information, and to provide a plan to phase out the use of EEI 
data, including a timeline for implementation of these changes.
    Human Rights Violations.--The Committee is concerned with 
violence and threats shown towards human rights activists 
around the world, and notes some of this has occurred in 
nations with which the United States has trade agreements with 
enforceable protections. The Committee encourages the 
Department to more actively engage with trade partner nations 
to end these human rights violations and report to the 
Committee no later than 90 days after enactment of this Act on 
enforcement actions it has taken to promote compliance with 
labor and environmental obligations.
    Regional Biosecurity Plan.--The Department shall continue 
to submit a report alongside its annual budget justifications 
describing the activities of the Department during the prior 
fiscal year to implement the Regional Biosecurity Plan for 
Micronesia and Hawaii--a strategic plan developed jointly by 
the Department and other Federal and non-Federal entities to 
prevent and control the introduction of invasive species in the 
U.S. Pacific region. The report shall include an update of the 
Departmental activities accomplished in implementation of the 
plan and next steps and planned activities for further 
execution of the plan, including estimates of funding that will 
be obligated towards the implementation and future year 
requirements.
    Climate Change Impacts on Recreational Boating Economy.--
The Committee directs the Department of Commerce, in 
coordination with the Federal Recreation Council, to carry out 
an assessment of the effects of climate change on the 
recreational boating economy and produce recommendations to 
address identified vulnerabilities no later than 180 days after 
enactment of this Act. The Department shall also submit this 
report to GAO for review. GAO shall review the assessment and 
provide a preliminary briefing to the Committees on its review 
within 120 days of receipt.
    AI Talent.--The Committee believes the Department should 
develop a clear career development and promotion path that 
encourages participation and expertise in AI standards and 
standards development, and directs the Department to report to 
the Committee on these efforts no later than 180 days after 
enactment of this Act.
    Remanufactured Products.--The Committee directs the 
Department to study strategies to strengthen regional and local 
remanufacturing markets. The study should consider 
remanufacturing challenges, such as processes of disassembling, 
cleaning, and repairing components, and how to use these 
components with new materials to create quality remanufactured 
products. The Department shall provide the results of this 
study, including recommendations on such strategies, to the 
Committee no less than 180 days after the enactment of this 
Act.
    Foundation for Evidence-Based Policymaking Act 
Implementation.--No later than 90 days after the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall report to the Committee on the 
implementation of the Foundations for Evidence-Based 
Policymaking Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-435) and progress 
being made by the Department in this area.
    Uranium Imports.--At the end of 2020, statutory limitations 
on Russian uranium imports will expire. The Committee believes 
the U.S. should decrease its reliance on uranium imports from 
Russia and that Russia should not be allowed to increase its 
dominance in the U.S. market. The Committee urges the 
Department to ensure that any new agreement with Russia 
significantly reduces the influx of Russian material, includes 
strong protections for the domestic uranium industry, and 
closes loopholes to prevent any circumvention of import limits. 
The Committee further believes that failure to extend the 
Russian Suspension Agreement (RSA) or the legislative backstop 
for the RSA would result in unchecked price-insensitive Russian 
imports of uranium that far exceed the RSA's existing quota.
    Sustainable Food Packaging.--The Committee recognizes that 
pervasive use of plastics in food packaging has a damaging 
impact on human health, the environment, and wildlife. The 
Committee encourages the Department to support innovations in 
the manufacturing and adoption of ecologically sustainable food 
packaging materials.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $73,080,000 for DM Salaries and 
Expenses, $12,080,000 above fiscal year 2020 and $23,054,000 
below the request. The recommendation assumes the proposed 
transfer of $9,278,000 which reflects positions previously and 
improperly funded out of both Working Capital Fund and Advances 
and Reimbursements, such as a White House Liaison, the 
Secretary's Executive Protection Unit, and the Office of Public 
Affairs to name a few. While the Committee appreciates the 
Department's efforts to reassess these requirements and 
supports the transfer to ensure these positions are funded out 
of Salaries and Expenses, the Committee remains concerned about 
how the Department executes its Working Capital Fund and 
charges bureaus for activities that are not standard shared 
services, but rather general headquarters functions.
    The Committee remains concerned that information on travel 
for personnel in Executive Direction was not submitted in the 
fiscal year 2021 budget request nor was it included in fiscal 
year 2020 spend plans as directed in the Explanatory Statement 
accompanying the fiscal year 2020 Appropriations Act. The 
Committee directs that the Department clearly display, in the 
monthly report on travel to China, the travel costs of 
personnel from Executive Direction and further directs that the 
Department provide the Committee, on a monthly basis, 
information on all travel outside of the National Capital 
Region for all Department personnel including the total amount 
expended per bureau and the source of appropriation supporting 
the costs of the travel. Each agency has its own travel budget 
for domestic and international travel and should use those 
funds accordingly.

                      RENOVATION AND MODERNIZATION

    The Committee recommends $1,123,000 for the salaries and 
expenses needed to continue the operation of the renovation 
project of the Herbert C. Hoover Building.

                       NONRECURRING EXPENSES FUND

    The Committee recommends $20,000,000 for the Nonrecurring 
Expenses Fund that was established in the fiscal year 2020 
Consolidated Appropriations Act and supports the Department's 
efforts to modernize its financial system through the Business 
Application Solutions. The Committee understands that the 
Department is evaluating how it can standardize appropriations 
and periods of availability (POAs) across the Department for 
more consistent planning, programming, budgeting, and 
execution. The Committee looks forward to receiving the 
Department's analysis as directed in House Report 116-101.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $37,520,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), which includes the requested transfers 
for oversight activities. The Committee expects the OIG to 
continue its oversight work on cybersecurity, satellite 
procurements, telework, patent quality, and the 2020 Decennial 
Census.

               General Provisions--Department of Commerce


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the Department of Commerce:
    Section 101 makes funds available for advanced payments 
only upon certification of officials designated by the 
Secretary that such payments are considered to be in the public 
interest.
    Section 102 makes appropriations for the Department 
available for hire of passenger motor vehicles, for services, 
and for uniforms and allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 103 provides the authority to transfer funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriations accounts and 
require 15 days advance notification to the Committees on 
Appropriations for certain actions.
    Section 104 extends congressional notification requirements 
for NOAA satellite programs.
    Section 105 provides for reimbursement for services within 
Department of Commerce buildings.
    Section 106 clarifies that grant recipients under the 
Department of Commerce may continue to deter child pornography, 
copyright infringement, or any other unlawful activity over 
their networks.
    Section 107 provides the NOAA Administrator with the 
authority to avail NOAA of needed resources, with the consent 
of those supplying the resources, to carry out responsibilities 
of any statute administered by NOAA.
    Section 108 prohibits the National Technical Information 
Service from charging for certain activities.
    Section 109 authorizes NOAA to receive payments from other 
entities to defray some costs of permitting and regulatory 
activities.
    Section 110 provides authority for the programs of the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Bureau of the Census to 
enter into cooperative agreements in order to assist in 
improving statistical methodology and research.

                                TITLE II


                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE


                         General Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $120,041,000 for Department of 
Justice, General Administration, Salaries and Expenses, which 
is $5,301,000 above fiscal year 2020 and $1,728,000 below the 
request. The recommendation includes a new $5,000,000 
initiative for a National Task Force on Law Enforcement 
Oversight. The Committee has provided separate funding 
recommendations by decision unit as follows:

Department Leadership...................................      13,500,000
Intergovernmental Relations/External Affairs............      11,000,000
Executive Support/Professional Responsibility...........      16,000,000
Justice Management Division.............................      74,041,000
National Task Force on Law Enforcement Oversight........       5,000,000
National Police Misconduct Registry.....................         500,000
    Total, Salaries and Expenses........................     120,041,000

    Cold Case Investigations.--The bill includes not less than 
$13,500,000, the same as the fiscal year 2020 enacted level, 
for the Criminal Section of the Civil Rights Division, the 
Civil Rights Unit of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the 
Community Relations Service, and in grant assistance, as 
authorized by the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crimes 
Reauthorization Act of 2016 (Public Law 114 325), to 
investigate and prosecute previously unresolved civil rights 
era ``cold case'' murders suspected of having been racially 
motivated. The Department of Justice (DOJ) shall include, as 
part of the annual spending plan required under section 507 of 
this Act, details on actual and projected spending, by agency 
and appropriation, to carry out the Emmett Till Act. The 
Committee directs the National Institute of Justice, the Bureau 
of Justice Assistance, and the Office for Victims of Crime to 
continue providing grants for cold case DNA investigations to 
aid State and local law enforcement agencies in their 
investigation and prosecution of unsolved civil rights cold 
cases. In addition, the Attorney General is directed to make 
full use of his authority to support and carry out the 
objectives of Public Law 115-426, the Civil Rights Cold Case 
Records Collection Act of 2018.
    National Task Force on Law Enforcement Oversight.--The bill 
includes $5,000,000 to support the efforts of the National Task 
Force on Law Enforcement Oversight pursuant to Section 220 of 
this Act. The Task Force shall support the Attorney General and 
coordinate the detection and referral of complaints regarding 
incidents of alleged law enforcement misconduct nationwide, in 
consultation with professional law enforcement associations, 
labor organizations, and community-based organizations.
    National Police Misconduct Registry.--The Committee 
strongly supports establishment of a National Police Misconduct 
Registry, containing data with respect to all Federal, State 
and local law enforcement officers, to be compiled and 
maintained by the Department of Justice. This would provide a 
publicly available resource to help ensure accountability and 
transparency, and help restore trust in the credibility of the 
Nation's law enforcement agencies and improve relationships 
between them and the communities they serve. To that end, the 
Committee has included $500,000 to support development and 
implementation of such a registry, as specified in Title II of 
H.R. 7120, the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act, as passed 
by the House of Representatives on June 25, 2020.
    Accreditation of law enforcement agencies.--The Committee 
strongly supports development and implementation of strong, 
uniform accreditation standards for Federal, State, and local 
law enforcement agencies to ensure community accountability and 
a focus on policing with a guardian mentality, as set forth in 
H.R. 7120 as passed by the House of Representatives on June 25, 
2020. The Committee therefore directs the Attorney General to 
take the lead in such an effort, and recommend such standards, 
in consultation with law enforcement accreditation 
organizations, based on an analysis of existing accreditation 
standards and methodology development by law enforcement 
accreditation organizations nationwide, including national, 
State, regional, and tribal accreditation organizations, as 
well as the May 2015 recommendations of the President's Task 
Force on 21st Century Policing.
    Use of force.--The Committee is concerned about the lack of 
reliable statistics on how often law enforcement uses deadly 
force, as underscored in the 2018 report by the U.S. Commission 
on Civil Rights entitled Police Use of Force: An Examination of 
Modern Policing Practices. That report recommended that 
``Congress should condition cities''' receipt of federal law 
enforcement funds on the cities' collection and reporting to 
DOJ of data regarding police use of force practices, in a 
format that is aggregable and comparable nationally, which DOJ 
can then report to the American public. Congress should require 
DOJ to create and maintain a public, national database of 
police use of force incidents and appropriate funds sufficient 
to support the creation and maintenance of the database.''
    The Committee agrees with these recommendations and notes 
that Congress is currently considering affirmative direction, 
such as the language of Section 364 of H.R. 7120, as passed by 
the House of Representatives on June 25, 2020, that would 
define and sanction specific types of force. The Committee 
therefore directs the Attorney General to develop plans to 
require each State, city, county, and tribal government agency 
receiving DOJ law enforcement funding to provide annual data to 
the Department on its use of force incidents. The Committee 
also directs the Attorney General to develop plans to require 
all Federal law enforcement agencies to provide annual 
information on its use of force incidents. Such data should 
include: the date, time, and location of each instance in which 
deadly force was used; identifying characteristics of the 
victim and officer involved, including the race, gender, 
ethnicity, and approximate age of the victim; any existence of 
mental illness or disability of the victim; the nature of the 
deadly force used, including whether it involved a firearm; and 
a description of any non-lethal efforts that were taken before 
deadly force was used.
    The Committee understands that the National Use of Force 
Data Collection (NUOFDC) database effort, begun in 2015 and 
implemented nationally on January 1, 2019, reflects 
participation from State and local agencies, and that when 
NUOFDC participation reaches 60 percent such data may be 
published. The Committee also understands that the NUOFDC 
database does not currently include data on religion of persons 
involved, documentation of deadly force guidelines in effect, 
or explanations or reasons for use of force. The Committee 
directs the Department to develop a plan to collect such data 
and brief the Committee not later than 90 days after the 
enactment of this Act on steps to implement such a plan, to 
include any additional funding required. In addition, while 
Congress is currently considering changes in this area, 
including in section 219 of this Act, the Committee understands 
that Use-of-Force data and UCR submissions to the FBI are 
currently voluntary. Thus, the aforesaid briefing should also 
address what steps, to include additional legal authority, 
financial incentives, and implementation actions, may be 
required to further increase such submissions of information, 
including by making such information a condition for 
eligibility to receive DOJ assistance or share in DOJ-
administered Federal law enforcement funds, while maintaining 
law enforcement cooperation between DOJ and its partners. Such 
briefing should also address the process and associated 
administrative requirements to audit and review use of force 
data from Federal, State and local law enforcement agencies, 
consistent with the approach set forth in sections 225 and 226 
of H.R. 7120 as passed by the House of Representatives on June 
25, 2020, including the use of such audits to assess compliance 
with reporting requirements if such requirements were to be 
established in law or regulation.
    Death in Custody Reporting Act.--The Committee is deeply 
concerned by the Department's failure to implement the Death in 
Custody Reporting Act of 2013, Public Law 113-242. As our 
nation faces another crisis caused by the shocking deaths of 
individuals of color at the hands of local law enforcement, the 
Committee believes that the requirements of that law are 
essential to enable Congress and the American public to 
understand the scope of the problem and to facilitate reforms. 
The Committee directs the Department, not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act, to provide the Committee with the 
report required in Section 2(f) of Public Law 113-242. The 
Committee also directs the Department to comply with 
recommendations in the Department of Justice's Inspector 
General's December 2018 report entitled, ``Review of the 
Department of Justice's Implementation of the Death in Custody 
Reporting Act of 2013,'' and to notify the Committee not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act regarding all Federal 
agencies with law enforcement authority who are non-compliant 
with the requirements of Public Law 113-242.
    Federal police cameras and accountability.--The Committee 
strongly supports the adoption of rigorous and consistent 
standards for the use of body-worn, vehicle borne, and other 
video and camera technology used to record Federal police 
interaction with civilians while engaged in law enforcement 
activity. To ensure such technology is used effectively and 
facilitates safety for both the public and the law enforcement 
officers, as well as to support transparency and 
accountability, the Committee strongly urges the Attorney 
General to adopt the requirements set forth H.R. 7120, the 
George Floyd Justice in Policing Act, Title III, Subtitle C, 
Part I, the Federal Police Camera and Accountability Act, as 
passed by the House of Representatives on June 25, 2020.
    Funding crime victim services.--The Committee notes that 
DOJ may use discretionary funding from the Crime Victims Fund, 
under 34 U.S.C. 20103, to fund the salaries of personnel who 
provide services to victims of crime. The Committee encourages 
DOJ to offer such support, especially to under-resourced 
communities, for the salaries of first responders and others 
who provide support to victims of Federal crimes, and also to 
support such efforts by seeking to increase deposits into the 
Crime Victims Fund from criminal settlements such as those 
arising from violations of the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act, 
and to include detail on such deposits in fiscal year 2020 and 
estimates for fiscal year 2021 in the annual expenditure plan.
    Training.--The Committee supports vigorous action to 
improve training for all Federal, State and local law 
enforcement officers, to cover racial profiling, implicit bias, 
de-escalation, and procedural justice; the use of force and the 
duty for officers to intervene when witnessing the use of 
excessive force against civilians; and establish standards for 
such training to be adopted nationwide. The Committee therefore 
directs the Attorney General to work with the Secretary of 
Homeland Security to establish such a program, including 
mandatory training for all Federal law enforcement officers, 
and development of standards that can be applied in hiring and 
performance assessments. The standards should also be designed 
to serve as a standard for State and local governments to meet 
in order to be eligible for Federal grant funding, including 
for Byrne Justice Assistance Grants and Community Oriented 
Policing Services (COPS) grants. The Committee directs the 
Attorney General to undertake this effort based on requirements 
set forth in H.R. 7120 as passed by the House of 
Representatives on June 25, 2020.
    Sanctuary policy.--It has come to the attention of the 
Committee that DOJ may be rejecting or negatively scoring 
applications for Federal funding from counties, local 
governments, and municipalities who seek Federal funding, based 
solely on refusal by applicants to cooperate with officials 
from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement in the arrest and 
detention of undocumented immigrants. The Committee directs the 
Department to review each application and apply appropriate 
scoring in accordance with the guidelines set forth in the laws 
passed by the U.S. Congress, including the clarifying language 
included in this and previous Appropriations Acts.
    Denaturalization.--On February 26, 2020, the Attorney 
General announced plans to establish a new Denaturalization 
section within the DOJ Civil Division, but did not notify the 
Committee in advance of this decision. The Committee 
understands that DOJ believes that such reorganization did not 
meet budgetary, relocation or personnel criteria set forth in 
appropriations legislation that would require such notification 
be made. Nonetheless, the Committee believes it does not serve 
the public interest for DOJ to undertake such a substantive, as 
well as symbolic, change without such notification. To better 
understand the nature and scope of the Department's 
denaturalization effort, the Committee directs the Attorney 
General to submit a report within 90 days of enactment of this 
Act on the details of this reorganization, including the 
rationale for establishment of a new section; historical 
denaturalization caseload statistics, including for fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020; the grounds on which denaturalization 
cases are brought; and the funding and staffing of 
denaturalization activity by the Civil Division for fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020.
    DNA Sample Collections from immigration detainees.--The 
Committee is concerned about the potential adverse impact of 
the final rule issued by DOJ on March 6, 2020, entitled, DNA 
Sample Collection from Immigration Detainees (Docket Number OAG 
164; AG Order No. 4646 2020) and directs the Attorney General 
to provide the following information to the Committee not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act: the fiscal and 
administrative costs of expanding DNA collection requirements 
to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS); the FBI's role in 
the collection, use, and retention of DNA samples and profiles 
on the basis of this policy, and the estimated impact of this 
policy on the backlog in FBI DNA sample testing; information 
regarding the storage and security of DNA kits received from 
DHS; any DOJ policies and protocols governing how DNA profiles 
are used and shared; and whether familial searches are 
permitted by any Federal agency or any State entity with access 
to the profiles.
    NICS denial notification.--The Committee continues its 
direction, as specified in House Report 116-101 and required by 
the fiscal year 2020 Appropriations Act, for the Attorney 
General to notify State and local authorities when the National 
Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) detects when 
prohibited individuals fail a background check in an attempt to 
make an illegal firearm purchase. The Committee also directs 
the Department, as part of the annual NICS Section Operations 
Report, to include in the NICS Operations Report data on the 
number of notifications provided to State and local law 
enforcement agencies for each prohibited category; and to 
publish monthly data on denials and notifications by State and 
prohibition type on the DOJ website.
    In addition, the Committee directs the Department to 
provide data on NICS checks for firearms sales that have taken 
longer than three business days to complete, for the period 
beginning March 2019 and broken down by month thereafter 
through December 31, 2020. The Department shall provide a 
report to the Committee, within 180 days of enactment of this 
Act, that shall include data, broken down by month, on the 
number of NICS checks during this period that took longer than 
three business days, the number of those checks that were 
resolved, the number of those checks that were purged, the 
number of denied checks that resulted in firearm retrieval 
actions being referred to ATF, and the number of successful 
retrieval actions taken by ATF.
    Domestic Terrorism task force.--The Committee recommends 
that the Attorney General establish an interagency task force, 
led by the DOJ Counsel for Domestic Terrorism, and include 
representation from the Civil Rights Division, the FBI, 
Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the National 
Counterterrorism Center, CIA's Counterterrorism Center, and 
Fusion Center experts to consider and develop recommendations 
to improve the capacity of the Federal Government to counter 
domestic extremism. The task force should be required to 
produce a summary report on changes in the frequency and 
motivations for domestic extremism in the last ten years; 
current trends; an examination of Federal government approaches 
to such extremism; and to recommend how to improve Federal 
response to the problem.
    Federal law enforcement resources in the U.S. Caribbean.--
The Committee remains concerned about the pervasively high 
homicide rates in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and 
that such crime is directly linked to narcotics trafficking in 
the Caribbean. The Committee directs the Attorney General to 
prioritize Federal law enforcement personnel and resources to 
address such public safety threats. The Committee further 
directs the Attorney General to examine the feasibility of 
including sites in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands 
under Department-wide initiatives to reduce violent crime, such 
as the National Public Safety Partnership, and to report to the 
Committee on the Department's findings not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act.
    Office of Legal Counsel (OLC) opinions.--To serve the 
public interest, and in keeping with transparency and the 
precedent of public reporting of judicial decisions, the 
Committee asks the Attorney General to direct OLC to publish on 
a publicly accessible website all legal opinions and related 
materials, except in those instances where the Attorney General 
determines that release would cause a specific identifiable 
harm to the national defense or foreign policy interests; 
information contained in the opinion relates to the appointment 
of a specific individual not confirmed to Federal office; or 
information contained in the opinion is specifically exempted 
from disclosure by statute (other than sections 552 and 552b of 
title 5, United States Code). For final OLC opinions for which 
the text is withheld in full or in substantial part, the 
Attorney General should provide Congress a written explanation 
detailing why the text was withheld.
    In addition, the Attorney General should also direct OLC to 
publish on a publicly accessible website a complete index of 
all final OLC opinions in both human-readable and machine-
readable formats, arranged chronologically, within 90 days of 
the enactment of this Act, which shall be updated immediately 
every time an OLC opinion or a revision to an opinion becomes 
final. The index shall include, for each opinion: the full name 
of the opinion; the date it was finalized or revised; each 
author's name; each recipient's name; a unique identifier 
assigned to each final or revised opinion; and whether an 
opinion has been withdrawn.
    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).--The Committee 
recognizes that a lack of uniform website accessibility 
standards, as required by the Americans with Disabilities Act 
(ADA), can cause confusion and disadvantage small businesses 
that provide essential services for our communities. The 
Committee expects DOJ in fiscal year 2021 to clarify such 
standards pursuant to the ADA.
    Reentry.--The Committee recognizes that ex-offenders face 
challenges reentering society, and notes that in the past DOJ 
has pledged to publish information on ways to connect them with 
legal services to address reentry obstacles such as fines and 
criminal records expungement. The Committee directs DOJ to 
expeditiously submit the report required by the fiscal year 
2020 Appropriations Act examining how the Smart on Crime and 
other similar programs could be expanded to assist non-violent 
ex-offenders with record expungement.
    SUPPORT Act.--The Committee recognizes the need to combat 
abusive practices in the addiction treatment and recovery 
industries, specifically the payment of kickbacks for referrals 
to recovery homes, clinical treatment facilities, and 
laboratories. DOJ shall make every effort to fully enforce 
Section 8122 of the SUPPORT for Patients and Communities Act, 
including the investigation of potential violations.
    IPR Enforcement.--The Committee expects DOJ to continue to 
make IPR enforcement an investigative and prosecutorial 
priority. The Committee directs the FBI to submit as soon as 
possible the report required pursuant to the fiscal year 2020 
Appropriations Act on the activities of its dedicated agents 
investigating IPR cases, particularly with regard to creative 
content theft and copyright enforcement actions.
    Real estate wire or business email compromise (BEC) 
fraud.--The Committee remains concerned with the growing 
incidence of so-called real estate wire fraud or business e-
mail compromise (BEC) fraud in real estate transactions. A July 
2018 FBI public service announcement said such crime targets 
businesses and individuals attempting wire transfer payments, 
resulting in over $12,500,000,000 in losses between 2013 and 
2018, with the scam being reported nationwide and in 150 
countries. The FBI recently warned of BEC scams related to the 
COVID-19 pandemic. The Committee directs DOJ to submit 
expeditiously the report required by the fiscal year 2020 
Appropriations Act on BEC/wire fraud; detail any joint 
activities with other Federal agencies; and make 
recommendations for new legislative authority or resources to 
help these efforts.
    Working capital fund and non-appropriated fund budget 
requests and spending plans.--The Committee directs DOJ to 
continue to include detailed breakouts of non-appropriated 
funding sources with their budget submissions and expenditure 
plans, as directed in the fiscal year 2020 Appropriations Act, 
and to continue quarterly reports on the collections, balances, 
and obligations of such funds.
    Federal obscenity prosecution.--The Committee supports the 
work of DOJ in investigating and prosecuting major producers 
and distributors of hardcore adult pornography that meets the 
Supreme Court test for obscenity. Such enforcement is necessary 
to protect the welfare of families and children as traffickers 
in illegal adult obscenity seek to extend their influence 
through advances in technology. The Committee directs DOJ to 
increase its efforts in enforcing federal obscenity laws.
    Human trafficking.--The destructive, expanding toll of 
human trafficking is international in scale but also affects 
every part of the United States, both rural and urban. Modern 
communication and transportation channels enable traffickers to 
operate everywhere, threatening our homes and communities. The 
Committee has included more funding for services for victims, 
in grant funding assistance to State, local and tribal 
governments, and sustains funding for DOJ agencies to continue 
to investigate and prosecute human traffickers and eradicate 
trafficking organizations.
    Evidence-based policymaking.--The Committee encourages the 
Attorney General to develop guidance to ensure that all 
relevant participants and grantees are involved in the 
Department-wide process of prioritizing evidence needs, 
including participating in DOJ-led evaluations, and ensure that 
evidence of effectiveness is a requirement for all competitive 
and non-competitive grant awards. The Committee directs the 
Attorney General to include a report on DOJ implementation of 
Public Law 115-435 at the Department of Justice with the 
submission of the fiscal year 2022 budget request.
    Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) facility audits.--PREA 
facility audits are key to helping agencies move their sexual 
abuse prevention and response policies from written documents 
to everyday practices. Congress recently made changes to the 
audit process to ensure greater oversight of the audit process 
and improved audits. The Committee supports DOJ providing the 
necessary resources to carry out this work.
    9/11 Medal of Valor Act implementation.--The Committee is 
concerned by the delay in implementation of the 9/11 Medal of 
Valor Act that was signed into law in 2017, and directs DOJ to 
report to the Committee not later than 90 days after enactment 
of this Act on steps being taken to ensure those who merit such 
recognition are rightfully honored.
    E-Commerce.--On January 31, 2020, the President issued an 
Executive Order ``Ensuring Safe & Lawful E-Commerce for U.S. 
Consumers, Businesses, Government Supply Chains, and 
Intellectual Property Rights''. The order directed the Attorney 
General, within 60 days, to assign appropriate resources to 
ensure that Federal prosecutors accord a high priority to 
prosecuting offenses related to import violations, including 
increasing the number of DOJ officials who will enforce 
criminal or civil laws, as appropriate, related to the 
importation of merchandise. The Committee directs the Attorney 
General to report to the Committee, not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act, on the implementation of this 
directive, to include the number of additional DOJ officials 
assigned to such enforcement efforts.
    RAPID DNA.--The Committee understands that under certain 
conditions, Rapid DNA technology can help law enforcement 
agencies quickly compare DNA samples against profiles in the 
Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) and determine possible 
connections between a suspect and known criminal activity or 
facilitate exoneration of innocent suspects. The Committee 
encourages DOJ to consider supporting broad deployment of Rapid 
DNA technology that meets FBI quality assurance standards to 
help local, State, and Federal law enforcement agencies meet 
their mission requirements, improve the efficacy and efficiency 
of investigations, and protect and bring justice to the 
innocent.
    Counter-Unmanned Aircraft Systems (C-UAS).--The Committee 
recommends that DOJ continue to research, test and evaluate, as 
appropriate, the use of C-UAS in support of the United States 
Marshals Service, the Bureau of Prisons, the Drug Enforcement 
Administration, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and 
Explosives, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation to prevent 
drug and weapons trafficking. The Committee supports 
coordination and collaboration between the Department and the 
Federal Aviation Administration with respect to testing and 
evaluation of such technology, in accordance with subsection 
(a) of 49 U.S.C. 44810.
    Cybersecurity threat information sharing.--The Committee 
supports sharing by DOJ of cybersecurity threat warnings and 
intelligence with private companies who may benefit from 
actionable information to deter, prevent, or mitigate threats. 
The Committee asks DOJ to provide a briefing on this topic not 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act.
    Chinese-government affiliated companies.--The Committee is 
concerned with companies operating within the United States 
that are known to have substantial ties to the Chinese 
government, including full or partial ownership by the Chinese 
government, and that are required by Chinese law to assist in 
espionage activities, including collection of personally 
identifiable information of American citizens. Such companies 
may pose cybersecurity risks, such as vulnerabilities in their 
equipment, and some are the subject of ongoing Congressional 
and Executive Branch investigations involving their business 
practices. The Committee directs DOJ to enforce applicable laws 
and prevent the operation of known foreign entities who 
participate in the theft of American intellectual property, the 
harvesting of personal identifiable information on behalf of a 
foreign government, and the unlawful surveillance of American 
citizens by adversarial state-owned enterprises.

                 JUSTICE INFORMATION SHARING TECHNOLOGY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $33,875,000 for Justice 
Information Sharing Technology (JIST), which is equal to the 
fiscal year 2020 enacted level and $189,000 below the request. 
In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security 
Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included $2,000,000 to 
meet COVID-19 requirements. The Department should use recovered 
balances from prior year obligations or its discretionary 
transfer authority to meet any other needs for information 
technology transformation and cybersecurity, subject to the 
reprogramming procedures included in this Act.

                EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $734,000,000 for the Executive 
Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), of which $4,000,000 is 
from immigration examination fees. The recommendation is 
$61,034,000 above fiscal year 2020 and $148,872,000 below the 
request.
    The recommendation includes $2,000,000 for EOIR's portion 
of the development of the Unified Immigration Portal with the 
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) as well as increased 
funding for EOIR's Information Technology (IT) modernization 
efforts, as requested. The recommendation also supports a level 
of funding that will allow for the continued hiring of 
immigration judges and teams. While the Committee recognizes 
EOIR has not requested any additional increase from its 
authorized position level from fiscal year 2020, EOIR is 
currently well below this level and the Committee is concerned 
that proposed funding increases are for positions who will not 
be on board in fiscal year 2021.
    Legal Orientation Program (LOP).--For the LOP and related 
activities the recommendation includes $25,000,000, of which 
$4,000,000 is for the Immigration Court Helpdesk (ICH) program. 
The LOP improves the efficiency of court proceedings, reduces 
court costs, and helps ensure fairness and due process. The 
Committee directs the Department to continue LOP without 
interruption, including all component parts, including the 
Legal Orientation Program for Custodians of Unaccompanied 
Children (LOPC) and the ICH. The Committee directs the 
Department to brief the Committee no later than 15 days after 
enactment of this Act on how EOIR is effectively implementing 
these programs, including the execution of funds and any 
changes to the management of the program. The recommended 
funding will allow for the expansion of LOP and ICH to provide 
services to additional individuals in immigration court 
proceedings. The Committee supports access to LOP and ICHs and 
looks forward to receiving EOIR's evaluation of expanding this 
program to all detention facilities and immigration courts, as 
directed in House Report 116-101. The Committee is deeply 
concerned that EOIR plans to use fiscal year 2020 funds for the 
procurement of a web-based application that is still under 
development, but did not actively discuss these changes with 
the Committee. While the Committee understands the coronavirus 
pandemic has impacted court operations and novel approaches may 
be necessary for continuity, it appears a portion of these 
specific funds may not be fully executed in fiscal year 2020 in 
support of the program to pursue a new operating procedure 
without additional details on how this will impact the LOP 
program in future years. The Committee is concerned that plans 
for a web-based application will not adhere to congressional 
intent to expand this program to new locations and individuals. 
The Committee reminds EOIR that funding for this program, in 
its ongoing, in-person format, is mandated by law, and any 
diversion of these funds from their intended purpose must be 
formally communicated and convincingly justified to the 
Committee, consistent with section 505 of this Act.
    LOP Pilot.--The Committee further directs EOIR, in 
coordination with U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), to 
pilot the expansion of LOP to at least one CBP processing 
facility with an added focus on expanding this program to 
family units. The Committee further directs EOIR, in 
coordination with DHS, to assess the feasibility of expanding 
this pilot program nationally, and to report findings to the 
Committee no later than 180 days after the conclusion of the 
pilot.
    Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) Pro Bono Project.--The 
Committee recognizes the critical work of the BIA Pro Bono 
Project in facilitating pro bono legal representation for 
indigent, vulnerable respondents whose cases are before the 
Board. The Committee urges the continuation of participation of 
pro bono firms and non-government organizations (NGOs) in the 
BIA Pro Bono Project to directly facilitate case screening and 
legal representation. EOIR shall report annually to the 
Committee on the number of cases referred to NGOs and pro bono 
legal representatives, the number of EOIR Form E-26 appeals 
filed against pro se respondents and filed by pro se 
respondents and make the information publicly available.
    Immigration case quotas.--The Committee remains concerned 
with the performance review standards that went into effect 
October 1, 2018, which require immigration judges to complete a 
quota of 700 case completions per year to receive a 
satisfactory review. Although the Committee appreciates efforts 
to reduce the current backlog, tying an immigration judge's 
performance to case completion threatens due process and 
affects judicial independence. Section 217 of the bill 
prohibits EOIR's use of case completion quotas for immigration 
judge performance reviews.
    Judicial Independence and Case Management.--All courts 
require judges to utilize case management tools in order to 
ensure efficient use of the court's time and resources. The 
Committee is concerned by recent Attorney General decisions 
that curtail the ability of immigration judges to utilize 
critical docket management tools, such as continuances and 
terminations, that enable efficient management of the court's 
dockets. The Committee supports the utilization of such tools 
to the fullest extent practicable and reaffirms its support for 
the authority of immigration judges to exercise independent 
judgment and discretion in their case decisions. Further, the 
Committee supports full and fair hearings for all who come 
before the courts but remains concerned about decisions that 
ultimately keep asylum seekers, including those seeking relief 
from domestic violence, in detention for longer periods of 
time.
    Video teleconferencing.--The Committee is frustrated by 
EOIR's response to information requested in the Explanatory 
Statement accompanying the fiscal year 2020 Consolidated 
Appropriations Act regarding the publication of its policies 
for determining the use and dissemination of video 
teleconferencing (VTC) for individual merits hearings and tent 
court facilities. EOIR cites multiple policies on its website, 
but ultimately no central guidance on VTC appears to exist, 
outside of an interim policy document from 2004. The growth and 
dependence on VTC has developed since that time and it is 
concerning that EOIR does not have consistent rules governing 
the use of video teleconferencing, nor does it appear to have 
standards to ensure that the procedural and substantive due 
process of respondents in immigration court are protected. The 
Committee directs EOIR, within 90 days of enactment of this 
Act, to develop clear and consistent rules on the use of VTC 
hearings, including when the use of video teleconferencing is 
appropriate, and to develop rules for utilizing VTC hearings 
for particularly vulnerable groups such as unaccompanied 
minors, individuals with medical or mental health problems, and 
those subject to the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) 
program. The Committee also directs EOIR to provide these newly 
developed policies to the Committee, and to make these policies 
publicly available.
    Rocket Dockets.--The Committee is troubled by recent 
reports of changes in EOIR practices that expedite case 
processing and place unaccompanied children in so called 
``rocket dockets''' commencing their cases through VTC within 
days of their arrival in the United States. This practice is a 
shift from former precedent, and it lacks recognition that 
cases involving unaccompanied children are different than for 
detained adults. Immigration court proceedings must be tailored 
to the circumstances of individual cases in order to preserve 
due process and fundamental fairness, in particular for minors. 
The Committee is equally troubled by reports that EOIR intends 
to expand this expedited case processing for cases involving 
unaccompanied children, with little knowledge about how this 
process impacts children, their opportunity to find counsel, or 
the challenges with communicating with children of varying 
ages.
    EOIR is directed to report to the Committee no later than 
30 days after enactment of this Act on the number of cases 
involving unaccompanied children that had a Master Calendar 
hearing scheduled within 30 days of their Notice to Appear 
(NTA), the location of these cases, including whether VTC was 
utilized for the hearing, whether the child had counsel, and 
the outcome of the proceedings. Further, the Committee notes 
that EOIR has not communicated with the Committee on this 
change in practice and is concerned that EOIR is piloting and 
expanding a new program that has not been explicitly authorized 
by Congress.
    Tent Court Proceedings.--The Committee is concerned that 
the creation of new immigration hearing facilities, often 
referred to as ``tent courts''', along the border, where judges 
appear via video teleconferencing (VTC). The Committee is 
concerned that these new facilities threaten the public nature 
of immigration court proceedings. The Committee directs EOIR to 
provide a report within 60 days of the enactment of this Act 
that provides details on EOIR's involvement in the creation and 
operation of such immigration hearing facilities, as well as 
information detailing how EOIR schedules judges for hearings 
and a list of judges hearing cases in these facilities. EOIR 
shall also post to its website information on attorney access 
at those facilities, as well as policies regarding public and 
media access.
    Migrant Protection Protocol (MPP) Statistics Publication.--
Within 60 days of enactment of this Act, and quarterly 
thereafter, EOIR is directed to publish on its public website: 
(1) the number of MPP Notices to Appear (NTA) received and 
completed, (2) the number of continuances or adjournments in 
non-MPP cases due to an immigration judge being reassigned to 
hear MPP cases, (3) the number of MPP hearings that occurred 
via VTC, and (4) the number of immigration judges assigned to 
hear MPP cases. EOIR is also directed to publish the number of 
MPP hearings delayed as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, 
as well as the average length of delay. EOIR is further 
directed to publish all workload-related data currently 
included on its Workload and Adjudication Statistics website 
page in separate MPP and non-MPP formats.
    EOIR is also directed to develop a plan to begin tracking 
the appearance rate of individuals placed into removal 
proceedings, broken out into MPP and non-MPP cases, calculated 
by determining the percent of individuals who have attended all 
scheduled hearings in any given quarter, regardless of whether 
the hearing resulted in a completion. The Committee directs 
EOIR to report on its plans no later than 180 days after 
enactment of this Act.
    Interpreters.--The recommendation includes the requested 
funding increase for interpretation services. While the 
Committee recognizes that increasing numbers of respondents in 
immigration courts require the use of interpretation and the 
ballooning costs associated with these interpretation services, 
the Committee directs EOIR to pursue cost efficient measures to 
ensure appropriate language access for all respondents, 
including indigenous language speakers, and further directs 
EOIR to submit a report to the Committee, no later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act, outlining steps taken to reduce 
costs. The Committee eagerly awaits EOIR's quarterly reports 
highlighting any continuances or adjournments for reasons 
related to interpretation as well as EOIR's joint report with 
DHS on shared interpretation resources as directed in House 
Report 116-101.
    Legal Representation.--The Committee is concerned with the 
low rate of representation in immigration court, and the 
recommendation provides $15,000,000 in State and Local Law 
Enforcement Assistance for competitive grants to qualified non-
profit organizations for a pilot program to increase 
representation.
    Immigration judges.--The Committee directs EOIR to continue 
to hire the most qualified immigration judges and BIA members 
from a diverse pool of candidates to ensure the adjudication 
process is impartial and consistent with due process. The 
Committee is disturbed by recent reports of politicized hiring 
processes for immigration judges. The Committee directs EOIR to 
continue to submit monthly reports on performance and 
immigration judge hiring as directed in the fiscal year 2020 
Explanatory Statement and is directed to include additional 
information on the status of hiring other positions that make 
up the immigration judge teams such as attorneys and 
paralegals. Finally, the Committee is concerned about a recent 
Department of Justice petition sent to the Federal Labor 
Relations Authority requesting the decertification of the 
National Association of Immigration Judges. The Committee 
recognizes the importance of our nation's immigration judges 
and their ability to unionize.
    Immigration Efficiency.--EOIR is encouraged to collaborate 
with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to explore 
efficiencies with regard to the co-location of DHS and DOJ 
components with immigration related responsibilities, including 
immigration courts, DHS asylum officers, medical care 
practitioners, and both CBP and Immigration and Customs 
Enforcement (ICE) immigration officers.
    Alternatives to Detention (ATD) Program.--The Committee is 
concerned that many individuals enrolled in ICE's ATD program 
will be terminated from the program before their cases are 
fully resolved. Getting timely resolution of these cases is 
complicated by the historic volume of pending cases on EOIR's 
non-detained docket schedule. The Committee recognizes the ATD 
program is managed by ICE, and that EOIR currently lacks 
information about who is enrolled. However, the Committee also 
recognizes that the longer an individual remains on ATD while 
their case is pending before EOIR, the more expensive the ATD 
program is per enrollee, and the less effective the ATD program 
is. Prioritizing ATD enrollees' cases as if they were on the 
detained docket could potentially increase the effectiveness of 
the program, lower the cost per enrollee, and support more 
individuals in the program overall. The Committee directs EOIR, 
in coordination with ICE, to develop an analysis of 
alternatives to improve the timeliness of resolving cases 
before EOIR for individuals in the ATD program, and further to 
consider as one such alternative the classification of ATD 
enrollees as part of the detained docket for purposes of case 
prioritization. EOIR is directed to brief the Committee on 
their findings not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act.
    Court Operations during COVID-19.--The Committee 
understands that the novel coronavirus pandemic has forced the 
majority of Federal Government agencies to alter their normal 
operating procedures, and changes to court operations is no 
exception. However, the Committee is frustrated that EOIR 
relied largely on Twitter to communicate its operational 
status. Many that were travelling, especially from Mexico, to 
appear at immigration court hearings, did not receive the 
updated information that the courts were closed. Even prior to 
the pandemic, the Committee was troubled by reports concerning 
the timeliness and receipt of hearing notices, as some were 
undeliverable as addressed and thus returned to immigration 
courts, and attempts to change addresses with the immigration 
court were often unsuccessful due to current backlogs. As of 
March 31, 2020, in absentia removal orders were already on the 
precipice of reaching the total number for all of fiscal year 
2019. The Committee is concerned that the pandemic has 
exacerbated an already confusing process, resulting in an 
exponential increase in the number of removal orders for 
respondents who simply did not have the information to appear 
in court. Therefore, the Committee directs EOIR to submit a 
report to the Committee, within 90 days of enactment of this 
Act, that details the specific steps EOIR has taken since March 
2020 to accommodate respondents who have missed court 
appearances due to COVID-19, and steps EOIR has taken to ensure 
respondents have a centralized mechanism to electronically file 
an EOIR Form-33 in order to change their address remotely with 
EOIR, in addition to the current use of paper filings.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $113,985,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), $8,985,000 above the fiscal year 2020 
enacted level and $6,774,000 above the request. The Committee 
includes funding requested for critical information technology 
upgrades, and sustains funding provided in fiscal year 2020 for 
data analytics, cyber investigations, and increased workload, 
and to maintain the OIG workforce. The Committee recommendation 
does not reflect an unspecified ``administrative reduction'' in 
the President's request, and DOJ should eschew such budget 
gimmicks in its future requests.

                    UNITED STATES PAROLE COMMISSION

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $13,539,000 for the United States 
Parole Commission.

                            Legal Activities


            SALARIES AND EXPENSES, GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $969,211,000 for General Legal 
Activities. Within the total provided, the Committee includes 
$5,000,000 for the Criminal Section of the Civil Rights 
Division (CRT) to implement the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil 
Rights Crimes Reauthorization Act. The recommendation also 
includes an increase of not less than $10,000,000 within the 
Civil Rights Division for additional expenses relating to the 
enforcement of section 210401 of the Violent Crime Control and 
Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12601), criminal 
enforcement under sections 241 and 242 of title 18, United 
States Code, and administrative enforcement by the Department, 
including compliance with consent decrees or judgments entered 
into under such section 210401.
    The Committee recommendation funds current services costs 
for all divisions, including CRM, but does not reflect 
unspecified ``other adjustments''' proposed in the budget for 
that division. The Committee directs the Department to eschew 
such budget gimmicks in its future requests. Within funding 
provided, the Committee encourages the Department to enhance 
its efforts in elder justice, countering online sexual 
exploitation of children, international legal cooperation in 
investigations and prosecution, and combating human 
trafficking.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by office and decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Office Solicitor General..............................       $13,474,000
Tax Division..........................................      $111,002,000
Criminal Division.....................................      $198,744,000
Civil Division........................................      $316,938,000
Environment and Natural Resources Division............      $113,458,000
Office of Legal Counsel...............................        $9,195,000
Civil Rights Division.................................      $165,998,000
INTERPOL..............................................       $35,592,000
Office of Pardon Attorney.............................        $4,810,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, General Legal Activities...................      $969,211,000
 

    Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT).--The Committee 
supports DOJ's continued MLAT reform efforts to reduce the 
substantial backlog in meeting requests for mutual legal 
assistance from both foreign and domestic partners, and the 
dramatic growth in MLAT requests overall. As part of this 
effort, the Committee expects DOJ to prioritize and expedite 
requests from international partners. The Department shall 
report to the Committee within 90 days of enactment of this Act 
on progress in reducing the backlog.
    Voting Rights Act Section 203 Language Assistance.--The 
Committee recognizes that the CRT Voting Section has 
investigated and come to agreements with a number of counties 
to bring them into compliance with Section 203 of the Voting 
Rights Act (VRA). The Committee reiterates the importance of 
such enforcement on behalf of the covered language minorities, 
and again directs DOJ to include in its next budget request an 
update of previous reports made to the Committee on such 
compliance for fiscal years 2019 and 2020. The recommendation 
also repeats direction that DOJ publish annually on its website 
information about Section 203 suits, including at a minimum the 
number that are opened, ongoing, or resolved. If available, 
such reporting should also include: a breakdown, by suit, of 
the language(s) involved; the reason suits/cases are closed 
(e.g., not enough evidence of non-compliance available, no 
evidence of non-compliance, Memoranda of Agreement); the 
average number of Section 203 investigations per attorney; and 
the average length of time per such investigation. If such data 
is restricted from publication as a matter of policy, the 
Committee directs that it be submitted as a separate, 
classified report to the Committee.
    Civil Rights Division (CRT).--The Committee is disappointed 
at the failure of the Department to follow congressional 
direction included in House Report 116-101 with regard to the 
components of the Civil Rights Division (CRT). The information 
requested is neither privileged nor does it raise security 
concerns; it is statistical and retrospective information; does 
not expose details about active investigations; and is required 
to assist Congress in its oversight of the Department. Within 
90 days of enactment of this Act, and quarterly thereafter, the 
Committee directs the Department to submit a report detailing, 
by CRT section: the number of suits filed in federal court by 
each section of the Civil Rights Division, and the number of 
cases that reached a final disposition (settlement, consent 
decree, or judgment). Within each area, numbers should be 
broken down to include the animating statute and type of case 
the Division brought (for instance, if the case was brought 
under the Civil Rights Act, then the information should detail 
what type of claim and what Title the claim was brought under). 
The Department should detail the number of cases appealed, and 
the type of case and claim involved. Lastly, the report should 
include the number of current staff (and the specific number of 
attorneys) assigned to each Section of the Civil Rights 
Division for each time period. If the Department deems any of 
the information should not be made public, it should identify 
that to the Committee and provide under separate cover.
    The Committee also notes that because the CRT budget 
justification did not reflect the distribution of caseload 
between CRT subdivisions, it is difficult to determine how 
full-time equivalent resources align with demand on those 
resources. The Committee expects DOJ to include clearer metrics 
and caseload statistics for CRT anti-discrimination missions, 
such as (but not limited to) Fair Housing and Voting Rights 
Enforcement, in its fiscal year 2022 request.
    Fair housing enforcement.--The Committee remains deeply 
concerned about the adequacy of DOJ enforcement of racial 
discrimination provisions of the Fair Housing Act of 1968 
(FHA), and directs the Department to submit expeditiously the 
report required under Public Law 116-93 on FHA racial 
discrimination cases brought during fiscal years 2015 through 
2020.
    Consent decrees.--The Committee reminds the Department that 
it has yet to receive the report specified in House Report 116-
101, as required pursuant to Public Law 116-93, on the 
Department's efforts to enforce vigorously all consent decrees 
negotiated under any civil rights statute. The Committee 
expects the Department to submit this report expeditiously, to 
include decrees issued under the pattern or practice 
investigations provisions under the Omnibus Crime Control and 
Safe Streets Act of 1968 and the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994. The Committee has included an 
additional $10,000,000 for the Civil Rights Division to support 
these efforts, as prescribed in the George Floyd Justice in 
Policing Act, H.R. 7120, as passed by the House of 
Representatives on June 25, 2020.
    Impact of Shelby County v. Holder.--The Committee continues 
to be concerned that as a consequence of the Supreme Court's 
decision in Shelby County v. Holder, CRT has had to undertake 
resource-intensive litigation to meet its responsibility under 
the Voting Rights Act to ensure equal access to elections 
regardless of race, ethnicity, and linguistic ability. The 
Committee directs DOJ to submit expeditiously the report 
required under Public Law 116-93 describing how the Shelby 
County decision has affected the resources available to the CRT 
Voting Section to enforce Federal voting laws, including its 
ability to monitor and ensure the fair administration of the 
2020 Presidential election, and recognizing that the report may 
not include details on internal deliberative or decision 
processes.
    Human trafficking.--The Committee urges DOJ to make it a 
priority for the CRT Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit and 
DOJ's Anti-Trafficking Coordination Teams to investigate and 
prosecute human traffickers. The Committee directs DOJ to work 
with victim service providers and non-governmental 
organizations assisting trafficking victims in the United 
States.
    Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act.--The 
Committee encourages the Department to enhance efforts of the 
Criminal and Civil Divisions to assemble and vet the large 
number of case files of individuals and entities subject to 
sanctions under the Global Magnitsky Human Rights 
Accountability Act (22 U.S.C. 2656 note).
    Animal fighting.--Animal fighting is a crime that causes 
undue suffering to animals, and is often connected with violent 
crime and drug trafficking, but the Committee is concerned 
about the adequacy of enforcement of the animal fighting 
statutes (7 U.S.C. Sec. 2156 and 18 U.S.C. Sec. 49) and other 
laws related to animal welfare crime. DOJ shall make it a 
priority to investigate and prosecute violations of animal 
welfare laws and is strongly encouraged to create a dedicated 
section within the Environment and Natural Resources Division 
to enforce such laws.

                 VACCINE INJURY COMPENSATION TRUST FUND

    The recommendation includes $19,000,000, as requested, as a 
reimbursement from the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund 
for the costs of litigating cases under the National Childhood 
Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-660).

               SALARIES AND EXPENSES, ANTITRUST DIVISION

    The Committee recommends $180,274,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Antitrust Division (ATR), $13,519,000 above 
fiscal year 2020 and $8,250,000 below the request. The 
recommended funding level is offset by $150,000,000 in 
estimated fee collections for a net direct appropriation of 
$30,274,000.
    High-speed internet access.--Because access to high-speed 
internet service is essential for rural and urban areas to 
participate fully in the digital economy, ATR shall investigate 
monopolistic practices among cable companies and internet 
service providers, especially where such practices may involve 
making residential buildout obligations a condition of a 
corporate merger; and include the impact of such practices on 
(1) service availability; (2) service quality, including 
speeds; and (3) service price. ATR shall take action necessary 
to further the promotion of free and fair competition in this 
marketplace in all communities, including rural areas.

             SALARIES AND EXPENSES, UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS

    The Committee recommends $2,347,177,000 for the Executive 
Office for United States Attorneys and the 94 United States 
Attorneys' offices, which is $92,636,000 above fiscal year 2020 
and $31,241,000 below the request. The Committee has provided 
separate funding recommendations by decision unit as follows: 
$1,760,478,000 for criminal litigation; $559,094,000 for civil 
litigation; and $27,605,000 for legal education. This fully 
funds requested increases to sustain operations at the fiscal 
year 2020 level. Within funding provided, the U.S. Attorneys 
are expected to maintain efforts to investigate and prosecute 
crimes related to elder justice, human trafficking, opioid 
trafficking, transnational crime, and targeted violence. The 
recommendation also includes an increase of $10,000,000 for 
additional expenses relating to the enforcement of section 
210401 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 
1994 (34 U.S.C. 12601), criminal enforcement under sections 241 
and 242 of title 18, United States Code, and administrative 
enforcement by the Department, including compliance with 
consent decrees or judgments entered into under such section 
210401.
    Immigration enforcement data.--The Committee directs DOJ to 
continue to submit quarterly reports, by U.S. Attorney 
district, on defendants who are charged with violations of 8 
U.S.C. 1325 and 8 U.S.C. 1326 (improper entry or illegal 
reentry). In addition, the Committee recommends that Federal 
prosecutors and public defenders document those cases in which 
a defendant states that they are migrating to rejoin children 
residing in the United States, and that DOJ aggregate such data 
and publish it monthly.
    Credible Fear.--The April 11, 2017 Attorney General 
memorandum to Federal prosecutors entitled ``Renewed Commitment 
to Criminal Immigration Enforcement'' directed every District 
to designate a ``Border Security Coordinator''. The Committee 
directs the Department to report to the Committee, not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act, and quarterly 
thereafter, on the implementation of that memorandum. In 
particular, the report should identify, for each District, the 
designated Border Security Coordinator, and the number of 
Federal criminal prosecutions made pursuant to the memorandum. 
The data should indicate whether defendants expressed a fear of 
return to his or her country of origin.
    Human trafficking.--The recommendation continues bill 
language requiring that each U.S. Attorney participate in human 
trafficking task forces, and DOJ shall continue to submit 
semiannual reports on the performance of these task forces.

                   UNITED STATES TRUSTEE SYSTEM FUND

    The Committee recommends $232,361,000 for the United States 
Trustee Program, which is $5,132,000 above the fiscal year 2020 
appropriation and $2,103,000 below the request.
    Compliance with bonus restrictions.--The Committee believes 
policymakers would benefit from more precise information on the 
incidence and magnitude of bonuses paid by companies in chapter 
11 bankruptcy. The Committee therefore directs the Government 
Accountability Office (GAO) to study this topic and submit a 
report not later than October 1, 2021. The report should 
identify selected debtor companies under Chapter 11 Bankruptcy 
proceedings during fiscal year 2020 that requested or were 
granted permission to pay bonuses to insiders or employees 
during such bankruptcy case. For each such company, the report 
shall include what the company paid or is seeking to pay for 
such bonuses, and, where available, the number of employees and 
insiders who received or will receive such bonuses (excluding 
sales commissions). The report shall also include an analysis 
of bankruptcy statutes that allow bonuses in bankruptcy and 
potential policy solutions to prevent such bonuses. For 
purposes of this report, the term ``bonus''' means: a transfer 
to, or obligation incurred for the benefit of, an individual 
employed by the debtor or insider of the debtor as compensation 
for services in an amount that (A) is in addition to the 
existing wages, salary, or base compensation of an insider of 
the debtor or individual employed by the debtor; (B) can be 
construed as a form of retention, incentive, or reward related 
to the services provided to the debtor by the insider or the 
individual employed by the debtor, and (C) excludes sales 
commissions. In addition, for the purposes of this report, the 
term ``insider'' refers to the definition set forth in 11 
U.S.C. Sec. 101(31). The United States Trustee shall use all 
available legal authority to obtain and share relevant 
information with the GAO to prepare this report.

      SALARIES AND EXPENSES, FOREIGN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT COMMISSION

    The Committee recommends $2,366,000 for the Foreign Claims 
Settlement Commission, which is equal to the request.

                     FEES AND EXPENSES OF WITNESSES

    The Committee recommends $270,000,000, which is the same 
amount as fiscal year 2020, for fees and expenses of witnesses 
who appear on behalf of the Government in cases in which the 
United States is a party. This appropriation is considered 
mandatory for scorekeeping purposes.

           SALARIES AND EXPENSES, COMMUNITY RELATIONS SERVICE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $20,300,000 for the Community 
Relations Service (CRS), and rejects the proposal to abolish 
and reassign its mission and responsibilities to the Civil 
Rights Division. The recommendation includes not less than 
$1,500,000, as authorized, to implement Public Law 114-325, the 
Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crimes Reauthorization Act. 
The recommendation also includes $3,300,000 for additional 
conflict resolution efforts, as authorized in section 116(2) of 
H.R. 7120, the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act, as passed 
by the House of Representatives on June 25, 2020.
    CRS has a unique role to play in the Justice Department. 
While not a law enforcement agency, CRS operates in all U.S. 
States and territories to advance justice and reconciliation by 
working with all parties, including State and local government 
units, private and public organizations, civil rights groups, 
and community leaders, to uncover the underlying interests of 
all involved in conflicts. It facilitates the development of 
mutual understanding in communities challenged by tension and 
conflict and helps them develop local capacity and tools to 
defuse tension and prevent hate crimes from reoccurring.

                         ASSETS FORFEITURE FUND

    The Committee recommends $20,514,000 for expenses 
authorized by subparagraphs (B), (F), and (G) of section 
524(c)(1) of title 28, United States Code. This amount is the 
same as the fiscal year 2020 amount and the budget request.
    Section 528 of this Act requires the Department to submit a 
spending plan for fiscal year 2021. The Committee directs the 
Department to include in this plan proposed spending from the 
Fund, to include estimates of: Fund balances; equitable sharing 
payments; Joint Law Enforcement Operations obligations; and 
obligations by component.

                     United States Marshals Service


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $1,484,184,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the United States Marshals Service (USMS), 
which is $54,184,000 above fiscal year 2020 and $128,889,000 
below the request. The recommendation sustains current services 
for activities and initiatives funded in fiscal year 2020. 
Within funding provided, the Committee expects USMS to sustain 
efforts in fugitive apprehension, judicial protection, fugitive 
task forces, extradition support, countering violent crime, and 
continued enforcement of laws relating to international travel 
of sex offenders, including through the Angel Watch Center.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Judicial and Courthouse Security......................      $501,325,000
Fugitive Apprehension.................................      $586,563,000
Prisoner Security and Transportation..................      $264,200,000
Protection of Witnesses...............................       $64,062,000
Tactical Operations...................................       $68,034,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Salaries and Expenses......................    $1,484,184,000
 

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $15,000,000, which is the same 
amount as fiscal year 2020 and the request, for construction 
and related expenses in space controlled, occupied, or used by 
USMS for prisoner holding and related support. The Committee 
expects USMS to apply this funding to its top priority 
projects.

                       FEDERAL PRISONER DETENTION

    The Committee recommends $1,867,461,000 for Federal 
Prisoner Detention, which is the same as the fiscal year 2020 
appropriation and $179,148,000 below the request.

                       National Security Division


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $114,387,000 for the National 
Security Division (NSD), which is $4,837,000 above fiscal year 
2020 and $2,614,000 below the request. This amount will sustain 
NSD operations at no less than the fiscal year 2020 level to 
address its national security and counterterrorism workload, 
including its responsibilities under the Foreign Intelligence 
Surveillance Act and the Foreign Agents Registration Act 
(FARA). Within funding provided, the Committee encourages NSD 
to enhance its efforts in foreign investment review, 
counterintelligence and export control, and victim support, as 
well as intelligence collection, oversight, insider threat 
prevention, and activities to counter and prevent domestic 
terrorism.
    Counsel for Domestic Terrorism.--The growing threat of 
domestic terrorism, particularly homegrown violent and racist 
extremism, justifies a commensurate response by the Department. 
The Committee encourages DOJ to consider elevating the position 
of Counsel for Domestic Terrorism to the rank of Deputy 
Assistant Attorney General, with sufficient staff and resources 
to meet rising investigative and prosecution workload.

                      Interagency Law Enforcement


                 INTERAGENCY CRIME AND DRUG ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee recommends $565,000,000 for Interagency Crime 
and Drug Enforcement, which is $14,542,000 above fiscal year 
2020 and $20,145,000 below the request. Funds included under 
this heading will support interagency Organized Crime Drug 
Enforcement Task Forces (OCDETF), which target high-level drug 
trafficking organizations through coordinated, multi-
jurisdictional investigations. This funding level will sustain 
operations at no less than the fiscal year 2020 level.
    Decision unit subtotals.--The recommendation includes 
$388,470,000 for investigations and $176,530,000 for 
prosecutions. The Committee expects OCDETF to continue to 
enhance its investigative, intelligence, and prosecutorial 
efforts through OCDETF-led activities, including the OCDETF 
Fusion Center, OCDETF Co-located Strike Forces and the 
International Organized Crime Intelligence and Operations 
Center, and direct collaboration with State and local law 
enforcement, United States Attorneys' offices and the Criminal 
Division. The Committee expects OCDETF to focus additional 
resources on targeting opioid trafficking organizations.
    Full-Time Equivalents (FTE).--The Committee directs the 
Department to submit an updated report on historical 
investigative and prosecutorial FTE levels for OCDETF 
concurrent with its fiscal year 2022 budget request as 
specified in the fiscal year 2020 Appropriations Act.
    Northern triangle transnational criminal organizations 
(TCOs).--The Committee is concerned by reports of TCO targeting 
of legitimate businesses along drug trafficking routes across 
the Northern Triangle countries, particularly in Guatemala. 
Destabilizing legitimate businesses increases dependence on 
TCOs for security and financial support, and reduces the 
economic opportunity and safety that deter migration. The 
Committee encourages OCDETF, in coordination with DEA and other 
Federal and international partners, to address this troubling 
pattern of activity, and to brief Congress regarding those 
efforts within 90 days of enactment of this Act.

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $9,703,348,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 
which is $235,446,000 above fiscal year 2020 and $45,481,000 
below the request. The recommendation includes funding to 
sustain all programs carried out in fiscal year 2020, to 
include efforts to boost the capacity and speed of the National 
Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), and continues 
$5,000,000 in funding as authorized to implement the Emmett 
Till Civil Rights Act. It also includes an increase of 
$5,000,000 for the Corruption/Civil Rights Section for 
additional expenses relating to the enforcement of section 
210401 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 
1994 (34 U.S.C. 12601), criminal enforcement under sections 241 
and 242 of title 18, United States Code, and administrative 
enforcement by the Department, including compliance with 
consent decrees or judgments entered into under such section 
210401. The recommendation does not reflect an unspecified 
reduction of $148,053,000 in ``other adjustments'''', and the 
Committee directs the Department to eschew such budget gimmicks 
in its future requests. Within funding provided, the Committee 
encourages the FBI to enhance its efforts to combat foreign 
threats, maintain operations of the National Threat Operations 
Center, and development of counter-unmanned aerial systems (C 
UAS). The Committee also urges the FBI to sustain its cyber 
effort; its efforts to combat crime and corruption, including 
human trafficking; and national security responsibilities such 
as the Terrorist Screening Center. The Committee also 
encourages the FBI to sustain its efforts to investigate fraud, 
white-collar, and hate crimes, and build on its successes in 
human trafficking investigations. In a post-COVID-19 
environment, it is essential that the FBI allocate its 
resources, agents and staff based on the unique threats and 
workload of each field office to meet the highest FBI 
priorities.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by decision unit as follows:

Intelligence............................................  $1,824,480,000
Counterintelligence and National Security...............  $3,927,183,000
Criminal Enterprise and Federal Crimes..................  $3,365,594,000
Criminal Justice Services...............................    $586,091,000
    Total, Salaries and Expenses........................  $9,703,348,000

    Hate Crimes Statistics Act (HCSA).--The Committee continues 
to urge State, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies to 
include the cost of participation in the FBI's HCSA program for 
the purposes of calculating extraordinary expenses associated 
with the investigation and prosecution of hate crimes under 
Public Law 111-84, section 4704(b)(3).
    Racial extremist recruitment.--The Committee is aware that 
a recent Military Times poll shows that more than one in three 
U.S. members reported witnessing examples of white nationalism 
among their fellow troops, a significant increase over the 2019 
poll. The Committee reminds the FBI of its direction in House 
Report 116-101, as required pursuant to Public Law 116-63, to 
update its 2008 report, ``White Supremacist Recruitment of 
Military Personnel since 9/11'' and directs that this be 
completed not later than June 1, 2021.
    Domestic White Supremacist Terrorist Activity.--The 
Committee is aware that most FBI domestic-terrorism 
investigations in the past year were linked to white supremacy. 
The Committee supports FBI's recent elevation of racially-
motivated violent extremism to a national threat priority. 
However, the Committee is concerned that recent reorganization 
and classification actions may have reduced the quality of data 
on such attacks, such as their frequency and scale, with the 
result being less useful data on which to base Committee 
resource decisions. The Committee directs the FBI to report, 
not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, on the 
number of incidents in fiscal years 2016 through 2020 that 
required surveillance, investigation, and prosecution of white 
supremacist activity or racially motivated violent extremism 
associated with white supremacist ideology, and include, if 
available, incidents in which the FBI deferred to State or 
local authorities.
    Universal Crime Report.--The Committee expects the FBI to 
submit as soon as possible the report directed in the fiscal 
year 2020 Appropriations Act on the feasibility of collecting 
non-fatal firearms-related incidents as part of the Universal 
Crime Report (UCR), with an estimate of resources needed to 
accomplish this goal.
    Integrated medical support for tactical operations.--The 
Committee continues to support the FBI`s use of external 
partnerships in the Operational Medicine Program to support 
medical contingency planning and improve the delivery of 
medical care for high-risk law enforcement missions, and 
recommends continued work and investment to achieve full 
engagement with proven medical partners.
    Gun violence data sharing.--The Committee expects DOJ to 
submit expeditiously the cross-agency report on gun violence 
data as required by the fiscal year 2020 Appropriations Act.
    Cyber stalking.--The Committee is deeply disappointed that 
DOJ and the FBI have not yet submitted the report on their 
actions to address cyber-stalking and threat crimes as required 
by the fiscal year 2018 Appropriations Act, and directs DOJ to 
submit this report without delay.
    Elder fraud.--The Committee is concerned about the sharp 
rise in fraud perpetrated against senior citizens who are 
wrongly brought under guardianship or have their assets 
mismanaged or stolen. The Committee is aware that the FBI 
participates in the Elder Fraud Initiative and Transnational 
Elder Fraud Strike Force, along with DOJ components and other 
agency partners, and urges increased energy be put into these 
efforts, including enforcement of the Elder Abuse Prevention 
and Prosecution Act of 2017 (EAPPA), to provide detailed 
reporting on its progress in reducing such fraud as part of the 
annual report to Congress pursuant to EAPPA, and to develop and 
implement a guardianship fraud hotline, to include requesting 
necessary funding and staffing for such efforts in its fiscal 
year 2022 budget request.
    Data on crime in the U.S. territories.--The Committee has 
serious concerns about the limited and inconsistent 
availability of data regarding crime in the U.S. territories. 
The Committee notes that while the FBI's annual Crime in the 
United States report includes statistics from the several 
States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, it lacks 
data from American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, 
and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Committee understands that 
such information, which is provided on a voluntary basis, has 
not been consistently submitted or updated so that its 
information can be reflected in all UCR data collection 
products, including charts, maps, and other publications in the 
interactive Crime Data Explorer tool, or in the FBI's 
Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report. As the Summary 
Reporting System (SRS) will transition to the National 
Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) by January, 2021, the 
Committee urges the FBI to continue to work with law 
enforcement agencies in the five U.S. territories to provide 
training, technical assistance, and NIBRS subject matter 
expertise to ensure it can collect and publish crime statistics 
from these jurisdictions, and directs the FBI to report to the 
Committee not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
on the progress in achieving this goal.
    Internet investigations.--The FBI and its partners 
investigate massive Internet-based child exploitation and human 
trafficking forums, which requires robust information sharing 
and technical tools to acquire evidence from the Darknet and 
other forums for prosecution. The Committee directs FBI to 
consider novel partnership and contracting strategies, along 
with its 21st Century training and technology initiatives, to 
acquire, develop, and implement advanced technical solutions to 
more rapidly exploit digital evidence and intelligence related 
to investigations targeting human trafficking and child 
exploitation efforts, both domestic and international.
    IED Program.--The Committee encourages the FBI to consider 
developing a Research and Prototyping for IED Defeat training 
program for State and local law enforcement, based on its own 
efforts to establish defeat technologies, develop diagnostics, 
conduct fundamental science research and engineering, address 
remote capabilities and emerging threats, and develop render 
safe procedures. The Committee also encourages the FBI's 
Critical Incident Response Group to explore incorporating such 
a curriculum into its render safe training at the Hazardous 
Devices School, enabling standardized and consistent training 
to the entire civilian, domestic bomb squad community.
    Gunshot detection.--The Committee notes the need for 
accurate, timely and dependable technology to record actual 
shots fired in an incident, to communicate that information to 
police dispatchers, and to initiate body camera recording in 
such incidents. The Committee requests that the FBI evaluate 
such technology and report to the Committee, not later than 180 
days after enactment of this Act, with an assessment of its 
potential value for Federal, State and local law enforcement, 
including any possible FBI role in sharing or supporting such 
technology, policy considerations, and recommendations for 
potential deployment.
    Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) threat.--The Committee is 
concerned about the public safety threat posed by unauthorized 
drone operations, whether errant or malicious, and the 
corresponding need for UAS detection and mitigation solutions. 
The Committee encourages the FBI to consider procurement 
approaches that will facilitate rapid fielding of proven, cost-
effective counter-UAS technologies, and to continue to update 
the Committee on its implementation of counter-UAS measures.
    Human trafficking investigations.--The FBI is expected to 
sustain its investigations of human trafficking; its related 
intelligence collection, analysis, and information sharing; and 
work with human trafficking victims.
    Skilled workforce recruitment.--Nearly every major FBI 
investigation has a foreign language component, and it has a 
continuing requirement for qualified linguists, and foreign 
language and culture training. The Committee encourages the FBI 
and other components to prioritize the hiring of a workforce 
with the critical language skills and scientific and technical 
expertise to succeed in counterterrorism, cyber defense, 
counterintelligence, and criminal investigative missions 
against terrorists and foreign actors.
    White supremacist infiltration in law enforcement.--The 
Committee has read excerpts of the 2006 assessment entitled, 
``White Supremacist Infiltration of Law Enforcement'', and 
directs the FBI to provide an update to the Committee on its 
assessment of white supremacist infiltration in law 
enforcement, including actions that DOJ and the FBI have taken 
to address concerns regarding white supremacist presence in law 
enforcement since the 2006 assessment.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $51,895,000, which is the same as 
the request, for the construction of FBI facilities and related 
activities. Funding in this account will facilitate and 
expedite work on current design and construction projects at 
Quantico, as requested, and address necessary secure work 
environment (SWE) building and modifications.
    The recommendation does not include a requested rescission 
of construction funding balances that were previously 
appropriated for headquarters consolidation and construction. 
The Committee remains greatly concerned about the risks and 
continuing costs associated with operating in the current, 
unsatisfactory headquarters. The Department is urged to answer 
longstanding concerns that have been raised by the Committee, 
and to submit a formal prospectus to be reviewed and approved 
by the appropriate committees of Congress.

                    Drug Enforcement Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$2,791,869,000 for Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) 
salaries and expenses, of which $460,499,000 is derived from 
fees deposited in the Diversion Control Fund, and 
$2,331,370,000 is provided by direct appropriation. The 
recommended appropriation is $62,670,000 above fiscal year 2020 
and $67,435,000 below the request.
    The funding sustains activities at the fiscal year 2020 
level. Within funding provided, the Committee encourages DEA to 
sustain its lawful access program efforts, combat transnational 
criminal organizations, and sustain its cyber/digital evidence 
activities. The Committee has provided separate funding 
recommendations by decision unit for salaries and expenses as 
follows:

International Enforcement...............................    $464,363,000
Domestic Enforcement....................................   1,853,247,000
State and Local Assistance..............................      13,760,000
    Total, Salaries and Expenses........................   2,331,370,000

    Diversion control.--The recommendation includes 
$460,499,000 for the regulatory and enforcement activities of 
DEA's Diversion Control Program. The Diversion Control Program 
is funded by fee collections.
    Methamphetamine and fentanyl cleanup.--The funding 
recommendation includes $10,000,000 to assist State, local, and 
tribal law enforcement agencies in efforts to remove and 
dispose of hazardous materials at methamphetamine and fentanyl 
labs and processing operations, to include training, technical 
assistance, purchase of equipment and a container program.
    Telemedicine.--The Committee continues to place a priority 
on reducing the crisis of prescription drug abuse and 
recognizes that some controlled substances, such as those 
employed in medication-assisted treatment, can be a critical 
part of treatment and should be available as clinically 
appropriate. The Committee requests that DEA complete its 
statutory requirement, pursuant to Section 3232 of Public Law 
115-271, to promulgate regulations clarifying the limited 
circumstances in which Special Registration for Telemedicine 
may occur under the Ryan Haight Act.
    Controlled substances ordering system (CSOS).--The 
Committee is aware of DEA efforts to replace the outdated 
electronic transmission of controlled substance orders through 
what is known as the Controlled Substances Ordering System 
(CSOS). The Committee is aware that with the number of 
transactions between pharmacies and distributors exceeding 
800,000 per year, the design, architecture, integration, and 
implementation of a state-of-the-art system will be necessary 
and encourages DEA to use funding from the Diversion Control 
Fund for this purpose.
    Drug Disposal and Takeback Programs.--The Committee 
continues to encourage DEA to consider in-home drug 
deactivation and disposal solutions that meet the agency's 
regulatory definition of non-retrievable, and evaluate their 
effectiveness, particularly in areas with high rates of opioid 
misuse or abuse, rural areas, areas with high populations of 
individuals with limited mobility, and areas that lack 
permanent disposal sites.
    Destruction of unwanted controlled substances.--The 
Committee continues to encourage DEA to meet with commercial 
hazardous waste management industry members to discuss non-
incineration disposal methods that meet DEA's non-retrievable 
standard, as well as safety measures for the transport of 
controlled substances for disposal, including secure tamper-
proof evidence packages or security tape sealed drums.

          Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $1,550,000,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and 
Explosives (ATF), which is $150,000,000 above fiscal year 2020 
and $87,574,000 below the request. Bill language is included to 
prohibit the transfer of ATF`s current enforcement authorities, 
and within the funds provided, the recommendation supports no 
less than the fiscal year 2020 level of effort towards tobacco-
related enforcement.
    The recommendation fully funds the requested investments 
toward reducing violent crime and promoting public safety. 
These enhancements will allow for increased hiring to add 
personnel to ATF's nationwide investigative capacity and the 
Crime Gun Intelligence Centers, expand its National Integrated 
Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN) National Correlation and 
Training Center capabilities, and support additional Industry 
Operations Investigators to improve ATF's oversight of Federal 
Firearms Licensees. Further, the recommendation includes 
$53,322,000 in critical operations support requirements which 
have not been properly met due to the increased cost of 
training and equipping ATF's workforce. This investment will 
allow ATF to ensure the hiring and retention of its workforce. 
Since fiscal year 2001, the cost of hiring, training, and 
equipping a special agent has nearly doubled. The Committee 
expects ATF to be transparent about such increases in training 
and equipping the workforce in future congressional budget 
justification materials so the Committee is fully aware of the 
impact on annualized costs.
    National Integrated Ballistic Information Network 
(NIBIN).--The Committee is encouraged by the promise of 
improved crime gun intelligence and information sharing, and 
expects funding provided in this bill will aid in interdicting 
crime guns and preventing gun trafficking through the NIBIN. 
The Committee continues to support efforts to expand the use of 
NIBIN and to ensure all law enforcement agencies have access to 
NIBIN's correlation services and appreciates the investments 
being made by state and local partners to collect and share 
ballistics evidence across geographically separated law 
enforcement jurisdictions, and encourages ATF to continue to 
build on these investments. The Committee supports efforts to 
include both cartridge casings and bullets in the NIBIN program 
and encourages the Department to promote NIBIN as a critical 
forensic science tool and to identify opportunities to build 
partnerships with criminal justice training programs. Finally, 
the Committee encourages ATF to continue establishing a NIBIN 
presence on the Southwest border and looks forward to receiving 
the update on its efforts as described in House Report 115-704.
    Illegal firearms.--The Committee is aware that firearms 
enter the illegal market through a limited number of channels, 
such as straw purchasers, corrupt firearms licensees, 
unlicensed sellers, and firearms theft. Law enforcement needs 
transparent data about these channels in order to develop the 
most effective enforcement strategies to reduce firearms 
trafficking. The last time ATF provided a report describing the 
channels of firearms trafficking was in the year 2000. Since 
that time, the National Tracing Center has collected over five 
million traces of crime guns. Despite explicit authorization to 
release ``statistical aggregate data regarding firearms 
traffickers and trafficking channels, or firearms misuse, 
felons, and trafficking investigations,'' since 2008 ATF has 
only released statistical aggregate data regarding the 
geographical location where crime guns were first sold at 
retail. Within one year of the date of enactment of this Act, 
ATF is directed to release a new report providing updated 
statistical aggregate data regarding trafficking channels and 
trafficking investigations within the confines of existing law.
    Training and research.--The Committee supports the work of 
the National Center for Explosives Training and Research 
regarding both investigating criminal acts related to 
explosives, bombings, and explosives threats, and training 
involving State and local levels of government, and military 
units.
    Firearms tracing.--The Committee is concerned about the 
high number of incorrect submissions by law enforcement 
agencies to ATF for firearms tracing. The Committee urges ATF 
to increase trace submission training for law enforcement 
agencies to include online training.
    Ghost guns.--The Committee is concerned about the emergence 
of ghost guns--firearms made from parts without serial numbers 
or background checks--as a weapon of choice for violent 
criminals or those who would normally be prohibited from 
purchasing a firearm. The Committee believes the building 
blocks for these ghost guns should be regulated under Federal 
law and urges ATF to amend the definition of firearm frame or 
receiver as described under 27 C.F.R. Sec. 478.11 to ensure 
existing and future designs are appropriately regulated. The 
Committee further directs ATF to provide all available data on 
the rate that Federal authorities encounter ghost guns, and 
recommendations on how to improve data collection.
    EForms Filing System.--In order to further the goals of 
shortening processing times, reducing submission errors, and 
increasing efficiency, the Committee directs ATF to report on 
the feasibility and appropriateness of allowing third-party 
processors to effectively interact with ATF's eForms electronic 
filing system. Such report shall include an analysis of the 
feasibility of establishing methods by which: (1) third-party 
processors may access the system's application programming 
interface (API); (2) both transferors and transferees can 
certify forms through the provided interface; and (3) forms 
submitted through the interface are treated as equal to, and 
processed in sequence with and in comparable time to, forms not 
submitted through the interface. The Committee encourages ATF 
to engage with stakeholders in the course of examining the 
feasibility of establishing such system modifications.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $5,000,000, for the requirements 
and design of a new, consolidated laboratory facility. The 
Committee recognizes that the current lease at the Walnut Creek 
laboratory will expire at the end of fiscal year 2023 as 
opposed to October 31, 2021 as originally stated in the 
supporting narrative to ATF's congressional budget 
justification.

                         Federal Prison System


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $7,770,000,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Bureau of Prisons (BOP), which is $300,000,000 
above fiscal year 2020 and $158,874,000 above the request. The 
Committee recommendation includes funding of not less than 
$165,000,000 to sustain implementation of Public Law 115-391, 
the First Step Act of 2018 (FSA), to continue to expand and 
develop opportunities for incarcerated individuals to 
participate in evidence-based, recidivism-reducing programming 
and productive activities. The recommendation sustains all BOP 
operations at no less than fiscal year 2020 levels to enable 
BOP to make progress in hiring and training personnel, improve 
staffing to inmate ratios, and reduce overcrowding. It does not 
reflect the $388,772,000 in unspecified ``administrative 
savings'' reduction proposed in the budget, and the Committee 
directs DOJ to eschew such budget gimmicks in its future 
requests.
    The recommendation includes not less than $60,400,000 
requested for medically assisted treatment (MAT) and reentry 
programs to support FSA efforts; not less than $10,000,000 for 
inspections related to improvement of aging electrical and 
utility systems and not less than $14,600,000 for FSA-related 
residential reentry center (RRC) capacity. It also includes not 
less than $26,000,000 as requested for cellphone detection 
technology, unmanned air system (UAS) threat countermeasures, 
and essential information technology modernization.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by decision unit as follows:

Inmate Care and Programs................................  $2,972,226,000
Institution Security and Administration.................   3,527,435,000
Management and Administration...........................     292,708,000
Contract Confinement....................................     977,631,000
    Total, Salaries and Expenses........................   7,770,000,000

    Augmentation or Reassignment.--Overcrowding remains a 
serious threat to Correctional Officer safety, particularly at 
medium- and high-security facilities. To meet staffing needs, 
BOP routinely relies on the practice of augmentation or 
reassignment, whereby a non-custody correctional employee is 
assigned custody responsibilities. The Committee directs BOP to 
continue to hire more full-time Correctional Officers until 
such augmentation or reassignment is no longer needed, and to 
improve staffing beyond mission-critical levels in custody and 
all other departments.
    Inmate-to-officer ratios.--The Committee directs BOP to 
continue to submit quarterly reports on the inmate-to-
correctional officer ratio at each facility, using the OPM 
definition of a corrections officer, broken out by security 
level and shift, including confirmation that at least two 
correctional officers are on duty for each shift at BOP 
facilities that house high security inmates, as specified in 
the fiscal year 2020 Appropriations Act. In addition, BOP is 
directed to develop and submit to the Committee a report, not 
later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, that (1) 
includes a cost estimate and strategic plan for implementing 
this standard for United States Penitentiaries, Administrative 
and Federal Detention Centers, and Witness Security Program 
(WITSEC) units that house high security inmates, but do not 
have a second officer on all three shifts as part of their 
mission critical roster; (2) reflects the cost to add officers, 
rather than simply reassign them; and (3) identifies all 
Housing Units that currently house high security inmates within 
the general population. This report shall be broken down by 
institution, State, and region.
    Pay disparities.--The Committee recognizes BOP needs to 
keep its skilled employees but is aware of the financial cost 
associated with hiring, training, and retaining them. 
Therefore, the Committee directs DOJ to study the pay 
disparities between BOP employees and their counterparts in 
other agencies and report its findings to the Committee, not 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, including 
recommendations on how to retain employees.
    Direct hire authority.--The Committee is aware that BOP has 
requested the Office of Personnel and Management (OPM) to 
delegate direct hire authority to BOP facilities. To ensure the 
safety of staff and inmates, the Committee encourages BOP to 
continue to work with OPM to provide direct hire authority for 
BOP facilities in which ten percent or more of the total 
available positions are vacant, prioritizing facilities with 
the largest number of vacancies.
    Communicable Diseases and Prisons.--The Committee 
recognizes the incarcerated population faces significantly 
higher risks of acquiring a communicable disease, as 
demonstrated during the current COVID 19 pandemic. BOP policy 
requires that Federally managed and contract prison protocols 
include an assessment of inmate immunizations and the provision 
of basic medical care, including hepatitis B and C testing and 
treatment, as well as preventive health services such as 
immunizations. However, the DOJ Office of Inspector General 
(OIG) reported in 2016 that some BOP facilities, in particular 
contract prisons, were not complying with this policy. The 
Committee understands that the pandemic has imposed unforeseen 
burdens in administering inmate immunizations and wants to 
better understand how BOP is dealing with such challenges. The 
Committee directs the Department to report not later than 270 
days after enactment of the Act on the progress, across both 
Federal and contract prisons, of efforts to achieve compliance 
with the protocols since the 2016 OIG report. The report should 
identify gaps in services and barriers to provision of 
immunization services; identify potential collaborations with 
health organizations to address identified disparities; and 
recommend ways to close them. Further, the Director of BOP is 
urged to develop guidelines that include a comprehensive 
testing protocol, and precautionary measures with respect to 
sanitation and hygiene, including frequent cleaning and ready 
availability of soap and tissues.
    Medical service.--The Committee is aware of concerns about 
uneven levels of medical service provided in its system, 
particularly for inmates who may have language disadvantages or 
be temporarily in BOP custody and thus have limited ability to 
convey concerns about such service. BOP is directed to submit a 
report to the Committee not later than June 1, 2021, on medical 
services provided in fiscal year 2020, by facility, that 
includes the following information: (1) the ratio of medical 
providers (doctors, nurses, and paramedics) to inmates; (2) 
qualifications of such medical providers; (3) the process by 
which inmates may file complaints, and the number and type of 
complaints filed; and (4) actions taken by BOP in response to 
complaints.
    Animal-assisted Therapy Classes for Incarcerated Women.--
The Committee is concerned that with 70 percent of incarcerated 
women in the United States responsible for a minor child, 
disruption to the mother-child bond when mothers are 
incarcerated places both populations at high risk for mental 
health problems and intergenerational incarceration. The 
Committee is also concerned that incarcerated women 
traditionally and persistently lack access to rehabilitation 
and reintegration support. However, the Committee is encouraged 
by the success of innovative parenting programs that 
incorporate animal-assisted therapy to help incarcerated 
mothers process trauma-based feelings, reduce anxiety, 
depression, and stress, while increasing parenting knowledge, 
and provide a supportive environment for their children during 
reunification efforts in a custodial setting. The Committee 
encourages DOJ to support animal-assisted therapy parenting 
programs, as part of existing BOP parenting classes.
    Mental wellness.--The Committee recognizes the importance 
of mental health and wellness for correctional officers and 
directs BOP to report to the Committee, not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act, on its efforts to provide mental 
health services for staff currently and in the future.
    Medically Assisted Treatment.--The Committee encourages the 
Bureau of Prisons to make abstinence-based relapse prevention 
treatment options available to inmates with a history of opioid 
dependence.
    Religious freedom in prisons.--The Committee is aware the 
mission of the Religious Services Branch of BOP is to ensure 
the Constitutional religious rights of incarcerated 
individuals, but is concerned accommodation of the religious 
needs of such individuals, particularly in State, county, and 
local facilities, is inconsistent and insufficient. The 
Committee directs DOJ to publicize best practices on 
accommodating religious needs, including but not limited to 
prayer services, devotional items, and religious holiday 
observance and dietary restrictions; ensure BOP employees are 
trained on them, and review no fewer than 25 BOP facilities 
every three years on their compliance with the guidelines; and 
encourage States, counties, and localities to adopt such 
standards.
    Recidivism reduction.--The Committee encourages DOJ to 
explore programs that reduce offender recidivism and end 
repeated cycles of violence and abuse by teaching skills for 
reducing stress, processing past trauma, and providing 
practical knowledge of how to cope with negative emotions. The 
Committee further encourages DOJ to explore rehabilitation 
methods such as mindfulness and meditation which encourage 
incarcerated individuals to live to one's highest potential and 
contribute to society.
    Educational programs.--The Committee supports DOJ's 
coordination and collaboration with Historically Black Colleges 
and Universities to provide educational programs for recently 
released and soon to be released criminal offenders to assist 
them in obtaining skills that will help them successfully 
transition back into their communities and reduce recidivism 
rates.
    Contraband interdiction.--The Committee urges BOP to 
explore ways to reduce the amount of contraband that enters its 
facilities without restricting inmate rights to receive postal 
mail or interfere with delivery of verifiable legal mail, to 
include pilot projects to enable facilities to receive pre-
screened postal mail and packages, such as via secure offsite 
facilities, to eliminate contraband risk while ensuring 
continuing, prompt delivery of communications with loved ones 
and legal counsel. Such solutions should optimize security 
while minimizing any additional cost or infrastructure for mail 
processing.
    Contraband cellphones.--The Committee remains concerned 
about the rising use of contraband cellular phones and devices 
in facilities administered by BOP or under contract with them. 
Such devices facilitate criminal activity and threaten the 
safety of correctional officers and staff, other inmates, and 
the public, to include being used by inmates to carry out 
financial scams and sextortion of innocent citizens. It is 
essential that incarcerated individuals are denied access to 
the networks and spectrum that enable such illicit activity. 
The recommendation includes funding requested to interdict 
illicit cell phone use and directs BOP to act on the 
recommendations of its fiscal year 2016 report to Congress, to 
include, as appropriate, managed access or other technology, to 
thwart illegal inmate telecommunications while not interfering 
with legitimate spectrum use.
    Land Mobile Radio.--The Committee considers Land Mobile 
Radio (LMR) communications and video security equipment used by 
BOP to be critical to officer and inmate safety and security at 
BOP facilities. In an environment where other alternative forms 
of communication and security measures cannot be employed, LMR 
and video security continue to be the only safe and secure 
methods for BOP facilities and personnel. The Committee is 
concerned that the age of 74 of the 100 LMR systems and more 
than 19,000 portable and mobile radios currently in use is 
causing them to become increasingly unreliable and difficult to 
maintain due to limited parts availability and serviceability. 
Therefore, the Committee urges BOP, within funding provided, to 
invest in necessary radio and video security upgrades. The 
Committee also urges BOP to build into its future year budget 
requests funding to refresh LMR radios and video security 
systems in facilities where aging communications infrastructure 
and equipment pose a threat to officer safety.
    Facility lockdowns report.--The Committee is concerned with 
reports that during the March 2020 lockdown at the Metropolitan 
Correctional Center (MCC) in New York, NY, detainees 
experienced interrupted access to counsel and their families 
during a prolonged safety lockdown. The Committee directs DOJ 
to conduct a study, and report its findings not later than 
September 30, 2021, on protocols followed by facilities 
operated by BOP and those housing BOP detainees in private 
contracted facilities, including those on a contractual 
agreement basis with other Federal agencies. The report should 
identify what conditions would warrant a lockdown longer than 
72 hours; whether lockdowns lasting longer than 72 hours would 
constitute a violation of the Federal right, as defined in 
section 3626, under Subchapter C of chapter 229 of Part II of 
title 18, United States Code; and specify any conditions or 
factors, in combination with such lockdown, that may violate 
such Federal right.
    In addition, the report shall include: (1) the number of 
facilities that experienced a facility lockdown longer than 72 
hours in fiscal year 2021, and for each lockdown instance, 
provide a detailed explanation, including documented 
justifications for the lockdown, accommodations provided to 
meet inmate medical, dietary and hygiene needs and any 
arrangements to facilitate access to legal counsel; (2) BOP 
protocols used to resolve such lockdowns, with timeline targets 
(e.g., 72 hours), and descriptions of any circumstances when 
BOP staff determined such protocols could not be followed; and 
(3) a review of BOP contingency plans to ensure detainee access 
to counsel or family in lockdowns that exceed 72 hours, 
including data on the number of facilities and detainees, in 
fiscal year 2021, whose access was restricted in such 
circumstances, and identifying best practices to ensure that 
timely communication can be maintained.
    Employee firearms.--The Lieutenant Osvaldo Albarati 
Correctional Officer Self-Protection Act of 2018 (Section 202 
of the First Step Act (Public Law 115 391)) requires that each 
Federal penal or correctional institution provide a secure 
storage area located outside of the secure perimeter of the 
institution for employees to store firearms or allow employees 
to store firearms in a vehicle lockbox. The Committee 
recognizes the importance of this provision in ensuring BOP 
employee safety, and directs the BOP Director to provide the 
storage facilities required under the Act not later than the 
end of fiscal year 2021; to submit to the Committee an 
implementation plan for this by no later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act; and to provide quarterly progress 
reports until completion.
    Home Confinement.--The Committee recognizes the constraints 
BOP is under when operating prison facilities during the 
pandemic. The Committee acknowledges the parameters for home 
confinement have been outlined by the First Step Act, the CARES 
Act, and by memos issued by the Attorney General. The Committee 
is concerned about the total low percentage of inmates 
released, particularly at facilities with high numbers of 
positive cases. Therefore, the Committee urges BOP to brief the 
Committee within 30 days of the date of enactment of this Act 
on the status of efforts to increase home confinement as a 
response during the pandemic.

                        BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends $110,000,000 for the construction, 
acquisition, modernization, maintenance, and repair of prison 
and detention facilities housing Federal inmates. This amount 
is $198,000,000 below fiscal year 2020, and $10,547,000 above 
the request.
    Modernization and repair.--The Committee expects the Bureau 
to apply the funding to reduce its longstanding maintenance and 
repair (M&R) backlog, and directs BOP to prioritize its funding 
for repairs that address life and safety issues, and facilities 
assessed as having deficiencies of a geological and seismic 
nature. BOP shall continue to provide monthly status of 
construction reports and notify the Committee of any changes 
reflected in those reports. The Committee directs BOP to 
develop a schedule and timeline for repairs of facilities with 
geological and seismic deficiencies, and include updates in the 
monthly M&R reports.
    Detention facility infrastructure.--The Committee reminds 
the Department that it expects to receive the report on 
detention facility infrastructure not later than October 1, 
2020, as required by the fiscal year 2020 Appropriations Act. 
It is expected that the report will reflect lessons learned 
from managing the BOP mission during the COVID-19 pandemic, and 
in making its facilities safer for both inmates and BOP 
personnel.

   LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES, FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, 
                              INCORPORATED

    The Committee recommends a limitation on administrative 
expenses of $2,700,000 for Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated, which is the same as fiscal year 2020.

               State and Local Law Enforcement Activities

    Within the overall amounts provided for grant programs of 
the Department of Justice, the Committee recommends 
$343,000,000 for Community Oriented Policing Services, equal to 
fiscal year 2020, and $525,000,000 for Byrne Justice Assistance 
Grants, $22,210,000 below fiscal year 2020. The Committee notes 
that funds for these programs are subject to new conditions 
contained in sections 219, 221, and 222 of this Act.
    The Committee has included a significant funding increase 
for overall Department of Justice grants, with a particular aim 
toward ensuring strong increases for programs authorized by 
H.R. 7210, the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act, as passed 
by the House of Representatives on June 25, 2020.
    State and Local Law Enforcement Training Grants.--The 
Committee is concerned regarding the apparent distance between 
state and local law enforcement agencies and the communities in 
which they serve and protect. Too often a show of strength 
supersedes service and a projection of power precludes 
protection. The goal of law enforcement is to ensure that life, 
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness is available to everyone 
in the United States without fear of being targeted or 
mistreated. While the Committee applauds agencies that have 
succeeded in implementing effective policing strategies and 
developing healthy and trusting relationships within 
communities, those agencies that have not must improve their 
policing practices immediately. To that end, the recommendation 
provides $50,000,000 within the Byrne Memorial Justice 
Assistance Grants Program for training for State and local law 
enforcement officers on racial profiling, implicit bias, de-
escalation, use of force, the duty to intervene when witnessing 
other officers using excessive force, and procedural justice. 
The Committee urges the Department to place the highest 
priority on applications from grantees who can demonstrate 
quantitative results from evidence-based training programs that 
will address these areas of concern. The Committee further 
notes that many immigrant communities have particular 
challenges in ensuring effective community policing, including 
language barriers, recruitment issues, and trust issues 
involving views of immigration enforcement. Therefore, the 
Committee urges the Department to ensure that grants funded 
under this program also help address the unique challenges of 
policing in immigrant communities.
    Police Training and Accreditation.--The Committee directs 
the Department to assist small jurisdictions and small law 
enforcement agencies as they work through the application 
process related to grants for police training and police 
accreditation.
    Community-based Organization Grants.--The Committee 
provides $25,000,000 for grants to community-based 
organizations, as authorized by subsections (b) and (c) of 
section 114 of H.R. 7120 as passed by the House of 
Representatives on June 25, 2020, to study and implement: (1) 
effective management, training, recruiting, hiring, and 
oversight standards and programs to promote effective community 
and problem solving strategies for law enforcement agencies; or 
(2) effective strategies and solutions to public safety, 
including strategies that do not rely on Federal and local law 
enforcement agency responses. The studies shall address 
standards relating to administrative due process, residency 
requirements, compensation and benefits, use of force, racial 
profiling, early warning systems, juvenile justice, school 
safety, civilian review boards or analogous procedures, or 
research into the effectiveness of existing programs, projects, 
or other activities designed to address misconduct by law 
enforcement officers.
    Police Accountability and Community Engagement.--The 
Committee urges the Department to make funds available to help 
nonprofit organizations, institutions of higher education, 
community groups, youth groups, and faith-based organizations 
facilitate organized dialogues that bring together community 
members and law enforcement officers so that they may 
collaborate to develop shared goals that will enhance the 
collective safety of the community. The dialogues should 
include diverse groups of community members, local elected 
officials, law enforcement leaders and officers, business 
leaders, and community members, including youth groups, to 
assess the state of police-community relations in states and 
local communities. The Department is further urged to partner 
with these organizations to develop strategies that will result 
in concrete action items that will improve the relationships 
between the police and the communities and further the goal of 
enhancing collective safety. Within 180 days of enactment of 
this Act, the Department shall submit a progress report to the 
Committee on the results of the dialogues as well as on any law 
enforcement practices that have changed as a result of the 
dialogues.
    Law Enforcement Management.--The Committee provides 
$25,000,000 to develop pilot programs and implement effective 
standards and programs in the areas of training, hiring and 
recruitment, and oversight that are designed to improve 
management and address misconduct by law enforcement officers. 
The pilot program shall be consistent with the requirements as 
described in section 114(d) of H.R. 7120 as passed by the House 
of Representatives on June 25, 2020, including: (1) training on 
law enforcement policies, practices, and procedures addressing 
training and instruction to comply with cited accreditation 
standards; (2) policies, procedures, and practices for 
recruitment, hiring, retention, and promotion of diverse law 
enforcement officers; (3) oversight/complaint procedures, 
including the establishment of civilian review boards or 
analogous procedures; (4) juvenile justice and school safety, 
including standards relating to interaction and communication 
with juveniles, physical contact, use of lethal and nonlethal 
force, notification of a parent or guardian, interviews and 
questioning, custodial interrogation, audio and video 
recording, conditions of custody, alternatives to arrest, 
referral to child protection agencies, and removal from school 
grounds or campus; and (5) victim services, including 
psychological counseling, for individuals and communities 
impacted by law enforcement misconduct.
    Stops and Searches Data Collection.--The Committee provides 
$5,000,000 for up to five competitive demonstration grants to 
State and local law enforcement agencies to develop and 
implement data collection programs on hit rates for stops and 
searches by law enforcement officers, consistent with 
subsections (a) and (b) of section 333 of H.R. 7120 as passed 
by the House of Representatives on June 25, 2020. An additional 
$500,000 is provided to the Bureau of Justice Statistics to 
collect and analyze the data submitted to the Department under 
this program by State and local law enforcement agencies.
    STOP School Violence Act.--The recommendation provides 
$140,000,000 for the STOP School Violence Act grant program. 
Within this amount, $87,000,000 is provided to the Bureau of 
Justice Assistance (BJA) for evidence-based school safety 
programs outlined in the Act and $53,000,000 is provided to the 
Community Oriented Policing Service (COPS) program. The 
Committee directs the offices to work with other federal 
agencies to notify states, localities, tribes, and school 
districts of funding availability upon release, increase 
training and technical assistance for school district 
applicants, and provide microgrants for school districts, 
including rural, tribal, and low-resourced schools.
    Through the STOP School Violence Act program, school 
districts should use funds for security hardening measures; 
evidence-based school threat assessments and trainings for 
school personnel and students to identify threats of school 
violence; locks, lighting, ballistic glass and other deterrent 
measures; safety and security of school premises by utilizing 
design elements and principles; and technology for expedited 
notification of local law enforcement during an emergency and 
other measures determined to provide significant improvement in 
physical security of schools.
    The Committee recognizes the vital role of school design in 
the development and achievement of evidence-based strategies 
and programs related to school facility safety and security. 
Through the STOP School Violence Act grant program, school 
districts should consider using funds to compose school 
building design plans that strengthen the safety and security 
of school premises and uphold the aesthetics of the school 
premises as a learning and teaching environment. The Committee 
clarifies that architecture and design services related to safe 
school design are allowable uses of STOP School Violence Act 
grant funding.
    Office for Victims of Crime (OVC).--The Crime Victims Fund 
is not financed by taxpayer dollars but by fines and penalties 
paid by criminals. By statute, the Fund is dedicated solely to 
supporting victim services. The Committee recognizes the 
importance of these grants and the essential life-saving 
services provided to victims within State, local and tribal 
jurisdictions including domestic violence shelters, rape crisis 
centers, and child abuse treatment programs. The Committee 
encourages the Department to continue to fund these programs. 
The Committee directs OVC to provide an updated report to the 
Committee, not later than 90 days after the enactment of this 
Act, on the actions it is taking to ensure Crime Victims Fund 
resources are reaching communities most affected by violence.
    The Committee notes that funding from the Crime Victims 
Fund, under 34 U.S.C. 20103, may be used by the Department to 
fund the salaries of personnel who provide services to victims 
of crime, to the extent that such personnel provide such 
services. The Committee encourages the Department to offer such 
support.
    National Hotlines.--The Committee directs OJP to prioritize 
funding to support the operation of national crisis support 
hotlines that provide direct services to victims of crime 
including, but not limited to, victims of domestic violence, 
sexual violence, and identity theft. This funding is intended 
to support growth of existing services and should not be 
contingent on the creation of new technologies.
    Child Sexual Abuse.--The Committee recognizes that child 
sexual abuse was already rampant before the COVID-19 pandemic; 
since the onset of the public health emergency, however, the 
risk of abuse in the home and online is increasing 
significantly. Therefore, the Committee supports a 
comprehensive approach to addressing child sexual abuse that 
combines victim-centered trauma-informed intervention care for 
children and child sexual abuse prevention education programs 
that provide tools for children, families and communities to 
combat and prevent child sexual abuse, with research into the 
prevalence and impact of child sex abuse, including its impact 
in communities of color. The Committee also encourages the 
Department to prioritize child-focused grant programs that 
serve children and youth who have experienced complex trauma 
from child sexual abuse.
    Violence Intervention Programs.--Within funds provided, the 
Committee encourages the Department to support the 
establishment of innovative demonstration grants to hospitals 
to address the cyclical nature of violence in the community, 
consistent with the Office's Vision 21 transformation of 
victim's services.
    Opioids.--The Committee directs the Department, unless 
otherwise specified, to dedicate no less than the fiscal year 
2020 levels of opioid-related funding for opioid activities in 
non-Opioid Initiative programs.
    Persistent Poverty.--The Committee is concerned about 
access to DOJ grant funding in high-poverty areas and 
persistent-poverty counties. For purposes of this Act, the term 
``high-poverty area'' means any census tract with a poverty 
rate of at least 20 percent as measured by the 2014-2018 5-year 
data series available from the American Community Survey of the 
Census Bureau and the term ``persistent-poverty counties''' 
means any county that has had 20 percent or more of its 
population living in poverty over the past 30 years, as 
measured by the 1990 and 2000 decennial censuses and the most 
recent Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates. When scoring 
competitive grant applications, the Department is directed to 
add additional priority, where practicable, to applications 
from grantees who can demonstrate that the individuals who will 
benefit from such grants reside in high-poverty areas or 
persistent-poverty counties. In addition, the Department shall 
provide guidance to such prospective grantees, especially prior 
to their application submissions, including to help determine 
whether they qualify for additional priority.
    In addition, the Committee directs the Department to submit 
a report to the Committee on the percentage of funds allocated 
by each program in fiscal years 2018, 2019, and 2020 and 
estimates for fiscal year 2021 to serve populations living in 
persistent poverty counties and high-poverty areas. The 
Department is directed to report this information to the 
Committee within 90 days of such data being available. The 
Committee looks forward to the briefing directed in House 
Report 116-101 and further directs the Department to provide a 
briefing to the Committee not later than 180 days after 
enactment of this Act on how the Department is carrying out 
this directive.

                    Office on Violence Against Women


       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $525,000,000 for the Office on 
Violence Against Women (OVW), which is $22,500,000 above fiscal 
year 2020. Funds are to be distributed as follows:

       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
STOP Grants.............................................        $223,000
Transitional Housing Assistance.........................          39,000
Research and Evaluation on Violence Against Women.......           3,500
Consolidated Youth-Oriented Program.....................          12,000
Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies.....................          53,000
Homicide Reduction Initiative...........................         (4,000)
Sexual Assault Victims Services.........................          42,500
Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement.....          45,000
Violence on College Campuses............................          21,000
Civil Legal Assistance..................................          47,500
Elder Abuse Grant Program...............................           6,000
Family Civil Justice....................................          17,500
Education and Training for Disabled Female Victims......           6,000
            National Resource Center on Workplace                  1,000
             Responses..................................
Research on Violence Against Indian Women...............           1,000
Indian Country--Sexual Assault Clearinghouse............             500
Tribal Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction..           4,300
Rape Survivor Child Custody Act.........................           2,200
                                                         ---------------
    Total, Violence Against Women Prevention and                $525,000
     Prosecution Programs...............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Human trafficking.--The Committee encourages OVW to ensure 
that the Transitional Housing Program can assist victims of 
human trafficking, and the Committee urges DOJ to take these 
victims into consideration when distributing OVW funds.
    Rural victims.--The Committee is concerned about the rise 
in the number of sexual assaults in rural communities. Victims 
of sexual assault living in rural communities are often 
reluctant to report to law enforcement for fear of being 
exposed. The Committee encourages the OVW to implement projects 
that reduce barriers to the reporting of crime in rural areas, 
colonias, and persistent poverty counties and report to the 
Committee not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act. 
Such report shall include a description of the progress made 
since delivery of the report on the same topic as required in 
House Report 116-101.
    Grant administration.--The Committee supports OVW plans to 
streamline grant administration, management, and oversight 
functions by converting manual processes and related forms to a 
web-based, online workflow process.
    Community-Based Organizations.--The Committee is concerned 
about the complex, multi-layered challenges and obstacles that 
victims face when attempting to access services. The Committee 
directs OVW to prioritize applications from grantees who are 
community-based organizations providing culturally specific 
services. The Committee further directs the Department to 
submit a report to the Committee on the number of community-
based organizations allocated funds in fiscal years 2018, 2019, 
and 2020 and estimates for fiscal year 2021. The Department 
shall report this information to the Committee within 90 days 
after enactment of this Act.

                       Office of Justice Programs


                  RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND STATISTICS

    The Committee recommends $88,500,000 for Research, 
Evaluation and Statistics, which is $9,500,000 above fiscal 
year 2020 and $2,000,000 above the request. Funds are 
distributed as follows:

                   RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND STATISTICS
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bureau of Justice Statistics............................         $45,000
National Institute of Justice...........................          43,500
Domestic Radicalization Research........................         (6,000)
Research of School Safety...............................         (1,500)
National Study of Law Enforcement Responses to Sex               (1,500)
 Trafficking of Minors..................................
Nation Center on Forensics..............................         (3,000)
                                                         ---------------
    Total, Research, Evaluation and Statistics..........         $88,500
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Study of Best Practices in De-Escalation and Excessive 
Force.--The Committee directs the National Institute of Justice 
to conduct a study to identify evidence-based procedures, 
practices, trainings, and policies that reduce the use of 
excessive force by law enforcement as well as support the 
effective use of de-escalation training to resolve 
confrontations peacefully. The Committee directs the Department 
to submit the findings of its report to Congress and to the 
public within 180 days of enactment of this Act.
    Law Enforcement Study Addressing Delayed Responses to 
Questions.--As part of the Committee's concerns about the 
accountability of law enforcement, the Committee directs the 
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) to conduct a nationwide 
study of the prevalence and effect of any law, rule, or 
procedure that allows a law enforcement officer to delay the 
response to questions posed by a local internal affairs 
officer, or review board on the investigative integrity and 
prosecution of law enforcement misconduct, including pre-
interview warnings and termination policies, consistent with 
requirements as described in section 115 of H.R. 7120 as passed 
by the House of Representatives on June 25, 2020. Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Department shall: (1) submit to the Committee a report 
containing the results of the initial analysis conducted under 
subsection (a)(2) of such section 115; (2) make the report 
submitted under subparagraph (A) available to the public; and 
(3) identify the jurisdictions for which the study described in 
subsection (a)(1) of such section 115 is to be conducted. In 
addition, not later than 2 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Department shall submit to the 
Committee a report containing the results of the data collected 
under this section and publish the report in the Federal 
Register.
    Evaluation of Data on Stops and Searches.--Within the funds 
provided in this account, $500,000 is included for analysis and 
evaluation of the data collected under the program, funded in 
this bill under Byrne JAG, for competitive demonstration grants 
to State and local law enforcement agencies to develop and 
implement data collection programs on hit rates for stops and 
searches by law enforcement officers, consistent with section 
333 of H.R. 7120 as passed by the House of Representatives on 
June 25, 2020.
    Community Policing Practices, and Accountability Measures 
Between Agencies.--The Committee recognizes the importance of 
accountability measures inbuilding and maintaining 
relationships between law enforcement and the communities they 
serve. The Committee directs the Department to study and report 
on the differences in use-of-force, distribution of consent 
decrees, community policing practices, and accountability 
measures between agencies that have appointed heads and 
agencies that have elected heads.
    Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Criminal 
Justice System.--Within the funding provided for Research, 
Evaluation and Statistics, $1,000,000 is for DOJ to enter into 
an agreement with the National Academies of Sciences, 
Engineering, and Medicine to provide an evidence-based, 
nonpartisan analysis of existing evidence to determine how 
observed racial and ethnic inequalities in the justice system 
might be reduced through public policy. The study should be 
informed by an understanding of the patterns, 
interrelationships among, causes and consequences of the race 
and ethnic distribution of crime and justice, and perceptions 
of criminal justice in the United States. The study should 
identify which policies or approaches for reducing racial 
differences in crime and justice have suggestive evidence of 
effectiveness or appear promising but require further study, as 
well as which areas of research and policy should scholars and 
practitioners explore to broaden the nation's options to 
address racial and ethnic inequalities in the justice system.
    Pretrial detention.--The Committee directs the Bureau of 
Justice Statistics (BJS) to collect information analyzing the 
population of individuals detained pretrial in local jails, 
State and Federal facilities, and private facilities under 
contract to Federal, State, and local authorities and report 
back to the Committee annually with the first report due not 
later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act. 
The report should include the number of individuals detained 
pretrial; the median duration of the pretrial detention period; 
the number of individuals detained pretrial who were offered 
financial release or not offered financial release; and the 
number of individuals who were offered financial release but 
remained detained because they could not pay the amount 
required. All data should be disaggregated by demographic and 
the level of the offense charged.
    Misdemeanors.--The Committee is concerned with the lack of 
reliable data from States and local jurisdictions on the 
processing of misdemeanor arrests. As the largest aspect of our 
criminal system, it is vitally important to ensure justice is 
being administered in a fair and equitable manner. In 
recognition of limited resources, the Committee therefore urges 
the BJS to collect demographic data from a select number of 
large metropolitan jurisdictions that includes information on 
the race, ethnicity, and gender, as well as key socioeconomic 
factors, of each misdemeanor defendant, the type of offense 
charged, and the sentence imposed. The Committee also urges the 
Bureau to report to the Committee on the progress of these 
efforts, not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act.
    Human Trafficking Research.--The Committee acknowledges the 
difficulty in estimating the prevalence of human trafficking, 
and the corresponding difficulty in gauging the effectiveness 
of the criminal justice system's response to the problem. 
Research can play an invaluable role in understanding 
prevalence and effectiveness through improved data collection 
and analysis. The Committee encourages the NIJ to continue 
funding research into human trafficking.
    BJS Data.--The Committee recognizes the importance of the 
timely release of data on crime, criminal offenders, victims of 
crime, and the operation of justice systems at all levels of 
government. These data are critical for policymakers and 
researchers to understand in combating crime and advancing 
equality in the justice system. The Committee directs the 
Bureau of Justice Statistics to release data in a timely manner 
and in accordance with its publication calendar. The Committee 
also directs that BJS communicate any changes in the timing of 
data releases as soon as possible to users of its data. The 
Committee further directs that BJS report to the Committee, not 
later than 60 days of the date of enactment of this Act, on its 
recent record of data releases and reasons for any delays.
    Incarcerated AAPI Data.--The Committee is concerned that 
the Bureau of Justice Statistics data collection and reporting 
does not sufficiently reflect the incarcerated Asian American 
and Pacific Islander (AAPI) population. AAPIs are officially 
categorized as ``others''' in the Bureau's publicly available 
reports. The Committee directs BJS to update its categories of 
race and ethnicity for data collection and recommends the use 
of OMB Standards for Collecting and Presenting Federal Data on 
Race and Ethnicity.
    Prison Suicide Incidence Report.--Not later than 180 days 
after the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
Department shall submit to the Committee a report detailing a 
comprehensive statistical review and analysis of the incidence 
of prison suicide. The statistical review and analysis should 
include, but not be limited to, the identification of the 
common characteristics of victims of prison suicide and prisons 
and prison systems with a high incidence of prison suicide. BJS 
is also directed to included recommendations for possible 
mitigation report strategies and changes to federal laws and 
regulations shall also be included.
    Maternal Health of Incarcerated Women.--The Bureau of 
Justice Statistics shall include in the National Prisoner 
Statistics Program and Annual Survey of Jails statistics 
relating to the health needs of incarcerated pregnant women in 
the criminal justice system, including, but not limited to, the 
number of pregnant women in custody, outcomes of pregnancies, 
the provision of pregnancy care and services, health status of 
pregnant women, and racial and ethnic disparities in maternal 
health, at the Federal, State, tribal, and local levels. The 
Committee directs BJS to provide a publicly-accessible report, 
not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, which 
summarizes this data.
    White Supremacist Domestic Radicalization Research.--The 
Committee acknowledges the growing recognition that white 
nationalists spent decades building online communities with 
people and groups overseas to develop sophisticated operations 
and receive material support from their foreign allies. In 
addition, these groups are infiltrating local and state law 
enforcement agencies, including seeking to recruit members from 
within them, and pose a deep and continuing threat to our 
country's national security by disrupting ongoing 
investigations of white extremist organizations and routinely 
harassing Black, Latino, and other minority communities. To 
respond to this elevated threat, the Committee provides an 
increase of $1,000,000 over Fiscal Year 2020 funding for 
Domestic Radicalization Research and directs NIJ to prioritize 
this increase toward research efforts that explore the 
radicalization of Americans to white nationalist extremism and 
identify and advance evidence-based strategies for effective 
intervention and prevention.
    The Department is encouraged to use funds for academic 
institutions to conduct radicalization research to enable 
community-based partnerships to evaluate the impact of existing 
countering violent extremism (CVE) programs and to conduct more 
research on: (1) the risk factors associated with violent 
extremism, and (2) assessing the effectiveness of counter-
narratives.
    National Center on Forensics.--The Committee supports the 
National Center on Forensics, through which NIJ partners with a 
State department of forensic science, an accredited university, 
and a State district attorneys association for the purpose of 
providing opportunities for medical students to train as deputy 
medical examiners/coroners in underserved rural areas; provides 
forensic science and legal training to district attorneys, 
judges, and law enforcement; and benefits current and future 
practitioners in the field.
    Cybercrime.--The Committee remains concerned about the lack 
of information on crimes committed against individuals and 
facilitated by the interstate telecommunications system and 
notes that the fiscal year 2019 Appropriations Act required NIJ 
to issue a report analyzing these crimes. The Committee is 
looking forward to reviewing the report, directed in House 
Report 116-101, to ensure the Committee has the information 
necessary to assess and deal with these crimes.
    Marijuana-Impaired Drivers.--With the proliferation of 
state laws legalizing recreational and medical marijuana, the 
incidence rate of impaired driving has spiked. The Committee 
encourages the Department to assist states in identifying 
detection technologies that show promise in identifying drivers 
impaired by marijuana.
    Opioid research.--The Committee recognizes that in-depth 
examination of fatal opioid overdoses, including fatalities 
following prior non-fatal overdoses, and trends in the 
evolution, trafficking, and use of illegally manufactured 
opioid analogues, in combination with existing illegal drugs, 
can yield valuable information for law enforcement, hospitals, 
treatment providers, and prosecutors as they identify effective 
policy, interventions, and prevention strategies. The Committee 
urges NIJ to support regional efforts to undertake such 
comprehensive opioid fatality research.

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $2,402,000,000 for State and Local 
Law Enforcement Assistance programs, which is $510,200,000 
above fiscal year 2020 and $890,800,000 above the request. 
Funds are distributed as follows:

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants................        $525,000
    Officer Robert Wilson III VALOR Initiative..........        (12,500)
    Smart Policing......................................         (7,500)
    Smart Prosecution...................................         (8,500)
    NamUS...............................................         (2,400)
    Training Program to improve Responses to People with         (3,000)
     Mental Illness.....................................
    John R. Justice Grant Program.......................         (3,000)
    Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution..............        (15,500)
    Kevin and Avonte's Law..............................         (3,000)
    Regional Law Enforcement Technology Initiative......         (3,000)
    Project Safe Neighborhoods..........................        (20,000)
    Drug Field Testing and Training Initiative..........         (2,000)
    Capital Litigation Improvement and Wrongful                  (6,500)
     Conviction Review..................................
    Managed Access Systems..............................         (3,000)
    Collaborative Mental Health and Anti-Recidivism              (1,500)
     Initiative.........................................
    Juvenile Indigent Defense...........................         (3,000)
    Community Based Violence Prevention.................         (9,000)
    National Center for Restorative Justice.............         (3,500)
    Family Friendly Visitation Spaces in Correctional            (2,000)
     Facilities.........................................
    Public Safety Innovation Grants.....................         (5,000)
    Law Enforcement Training............................        (50,000)
    Grants to Improve Reporting on Use of Force.........        (15,000)
    Hit Rates Data Collection Demonstration Grants......         (5,000)
    Police Reform in Jurisdictions Responding to                 (7,200)
     Litigation.........................................
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program.................         251,500
Victims of Trafficking Grants...........................          95,000
Economic, High-tech, White Collar and Cybercrime                  14,500
 Prevention.............................................
    Intellectual Property Enforcement Program...........         (2,500)
    Digital Investigation Education Program.............         (2,000)
Adam Walsh Act Implementation...........................          20,500
Patrick Leahy Bulletproof Vests Partnerships............          29,000
    Transfer to NIST/OLES...............................         (1,500)
National Sex Offender Public Website....................           1,000
National Instant Criminal Background Check Systems                88,000
 (NICS) Initiative......................................
    NICS Acts Record Improvement Program................        (25,000)
Paul Coverdell Forensic Science.........................          30,500
DNA Initiative..........................................         142,000
    Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grants.....................       (108,000)
    State and Local Forensic............................        (19,000)
Activities:
    Kirk Bloodsworth Post-Conviction DNA Testing Grants.         (9,000)
    Sexual Assault Forensic Exam Program Grants.........         (6,000)
Community Teams to Reduce the Sexual Assault Kit (SAK)            49,000
 Backlog................................................
CASA--Special Advocates.................................          12,500
Indian Tribal Assistance................................          39,500
Second Chance Act/Reoffender Reentry....................         100,000
    Smart Probation.....................................         (6,000)
    Children of Incarcerated Parents Demo Grants........         (5,000)
    Pay for Success.....................................         (7,500)
    Pay for Success (Permanent Supportive Housing Model)         (5,000)
    Project HOPE Opportunity Probation with Enforcement.         (4,500)
Community Trust Initiative..............................          77,500
    Body Worn Camera Partnership Program................        (27,500)
    Justice Reinvestment Initiative.....................        (30,000)
    Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program...........        (20,000)
Opioid Initiative.......................................         412,000
    Drug Courts.........................................        (85,000)
    Mentally Ill Offender Act...........................        (43,000)
    Residential Substance Abuse Treatment...............        (35,000)
    Veterans Treatment Courts...........................        (30,000)
    Prescription Drug Monitoring........................        (31,000)
    Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Abuse       (188,000)
     Program............................................
Keep Young Athletes Safe Act of 2018....................           2,500
STOP School Violence Act................................          87,000
Immigration Representation Pilot........................          15,000
Hate Crimes Prevention Act Grants.......................           8,000
Emmett Till Grants......................................           2,000
Pattern and Practice Investigations.....................         100,000
Independent Investigation of Law Enforcement............         250,000
Community-Based Improvement of Law Enforcement..........          25,000
Pilot Programs to Improve Management and Address Police           25,000
 Misconduct.............................................
                                                         ---------------
    Total, State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance...      $2,402,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (Byrne JAG) 
program.--The recommendation includes $525,000,000 for the 
Byrne JAG program Funding under this formula program is 
authorized for law enforcement programs including those that 
promote data interoperability between disparate law enforcement 
entities; prosecution and court programs; prevention and 
education programs; corrections programs; drug treatment and 
enforcement programs; planning, evaluation, and technology 
improvement programs; and crime victim and witness programs, 
other than compensation. Within the amount provided, 
$12,500,000 is for the Officer Robert Wilson III Preventing 
Violence Against Law Enforcement and Ensuring Officer 
Resilience and Survivability (VALOR) Initiative; $7,500,000 is 
for Smart Policing; $8,500,000 is for Smart Prosecution; 
$3,000,000 is for juvenile indigent defense; $2,400,000 is for 
the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System (NamUS); 
$3,000,000 is for law enforcement training related to mental 
illness; $3,000,000 is for the John R. Justice program; 
$20,000,000 is for Project Safe Neighborhoods; $6,500,000 is 
for capital litigation and wrongful conviction review; 
$15,500,000 is for prison rape prevention and prosecution; 
$3,000,000 is for managed access systems; $1,500,000 is for a 
collaborative mental health and anti-recidivism initiative; 
$3,000,000 is for Kevin and Avonte's Law; $3,000,000 is for a 
regional law enforcement technology initiative; $2,000,000 is 
for a drug field testing and training initiative; $9,000,000 is 
for community-based violence prevention; $3,500,000 is for the 
National Center for Restorative Justice; $2,000,000 is for 
family friendly visitation spaces in correctional facilities; 
$50,000,000 is for police training addressing use of force, de-
escalation, racial profiling, implicit bias, procedural 
justice, and duty to intervene; $5,000,000 is for Public Safety 
Innovation Grants; $15,000,000 is for technical assistance 
grants to law enforcement agencies, consistent with the 
requirements as described in section 224 of H.R. 7120 as passed 
by the House of Representatives on June 25, 2020; $5,000,000 is 
for competitive grants or contracts to law enforcement 
agencies, consistent with the requirements as described in 
subsections (a) and (b) of section 333 of H.R. 7120 as passed 
by the House of Representatives on June 25, 2020; and 
$7,200,000 is for grants to support State and local law 
enforcement agencies in complying with law enforcement reform 
efforts as a result of litigation.
    Uses of Byrne JAG.--The committee understands that Byrne 
JAG funding is a major resource to state and local 
jurisdictions. Use of this funding is broad and flexible to 
address community needs and fill gaps within state and local 
criminal justice systems such as strategic planning, research, 
testing, training, equipment, technical assistance, prevention 
programs, innovation programs and community partnerships. The 
Committee is aware that Communities across our nation have 
called for reforms in state and local law enforcement agencies. 
To support these much-needed reform efforts, the Committee 
directs the Department to work with small jurisdictions that 
employ less than 100 officers as they apply for training and 
accreditation grants. In addition, the Committee expects the 
Department to prioritize Byrne JAG formula grants for 
applicants requesting law enforcement training focused on 
addressing use of force, racial profiling, implicit bias, 
procedural justice, and duty to intervene as detailed above, 
accreditation of law enforcement agencies, development of 
uniform standards, community-based efforts that can help 
develop innovative law enforcement and non-law enforcement 
strategies, and crisis intervention teams. The Committee 
supports the use of Byrne JAG funding for grantees seeking to 
provide immersive, reality-based training programs that utilize 
role-playing and live-action scenarios for law enforcement 
officers.
    The Committee urges the Department to work with community-
based organizations to identify and develop opportunities to 
train law enforcement officers with respect to encounters with 
individuals suffering from impaired mental health, 
homelessness, and addiction; to identify areas where social 
workers may be able to support law enforcement agencies; and to 
provide guidance regarding the development and implementation 
of co-responder programs, which involve social workers or other 
mental health professionals working alongside law enforcement 
officers so that they arrive and address situations together.
    Public Safety Innovation Grants.--The Committee provides 
$5,000,000 within the Byrne JAG program for the development of 
best practices for, and the creation of, local task forces on 
public safety innovation. Such task forces shall be 
administrative entities, created from partnerships between 
community-based organizations and other local stakeholders, to 
explore and develop innovative law enforcement and non-law 
enforcement strategies to enhance just and equitable public 
safety, repair breaches of trust between law enforcement 
agencies and the communities they pledge to serve, and enhance 
accountability of law enforcement officers.
    Consent Decrees and Other Litigation Related to Police 
Practices.--The Committee is aware of the Department of 
Justice's Civil Rights Division's investigations into law 
enforcement agencies and the resulting consent decrees. The 
Committee is also aware of the benefits received by the local 
communities and their citizens after a consent decree has been 
successfully enforced and the required reforms implemented. As 
tensions between certain communities and police departments 
have grown in recent years, the Committee seeks to ensure that 
consent decrees and other litigation-related efforts aimed at 
improving policing can be implemented successfully and as such, 
the Committee strongly encourages the Department of Justice to 
prioritize awards to such localities. These reform efforts have 
become increasingly common, and many experts say they are one 
of the best chances police departments have for taking on the 
daunting task of reform to address police misconduct and 
improve relations with a distrustful community. In order to 
ensure that all reforms can be implemented, cities need funding 
to support the kinds of training required and to buy needed 
equipment. The Committee recommends $7,200,000 for the 
establishment of a new grant program to provide funding to 
police departments for police training, equipment, and other 
necessities to help comply with law enforcement reform efforts 
as a result of litigation, including consent decrees, out-of-
court settlements, memoranda of understanding, findings, 
technical assistance, and recommendation letters provided by 
reform authorities. Funding would cover the resource gap needed 
to fully implement such reform efforts and enable local 
governments to share the cost of implementing the decree with 
the Federal Government.
    The Committee encourages the Byrne JAG program to provide 
additional resources to those communities that are taking part 
in programs that seek to lower homicide rates through data and 
performance measurement analysis. The Committee advises that 
some Byrne JAG funds be directed to provide newer, more 
efficient forensics testing tools for rural jurisdictions. The 
Committee requests additional consideration be given to 
applicants who seek to hire service-connected disabled 
veterans. The Committee encourages the Department to support 
the use of these grant funds for the purchase of fentanyl 
detection equipment.
    The Committee is concerned about the growing epidemic of 
prescription drug and heroin abuse and its impact on law 
enforcement, and notes that funds within this account may be 
used for the implementation of medication-assisted treatment to 
help maintain abstinence from all opioids and heroin.
    Byrne Justice Assistance Grants have an important role to 
play in preventing gun violence. The Committee encourages the 
use of Byrne JAG program funding for evidence-based violence 
prevention and intervention programs, including, but not 
limited to, intervention focused deterrence, street outreach, 
hospital-based violence intervention programs, and community 
inclusive violence problem analyses. The Committee believes 
these types of programs will help ensure efficient and 
effective spending of Federal, state, and local dollars.
    The Committee encourages the use of Byrne JAG program 
funding to provide additional resources to those states that 
are implementing criminal record clearing processes, including 
sealing and expungement. These initiatives are intended to help 
address collateral consequences of a criminal record, such as 
barriers to both employment and housing. The Committee notes 
that successful reentry for individuals with a criminal history 
is predicated on the ability to participate in society, such as 
maintaining employment and securing quality housing.
    The Committee supports the use of grant funding for the 
acquisition of operational management software to track mission 
critical assets. Tracking and managing resources--including 
radio communications equipment, mobile technology, and 
protective equipment--enables and improves local law 
enforcement preparedness and operational planning. The 
Committee notes that Byrne JAG funds may be used for these 
purposes and encourages the Department to award funds for these 
purposes. The Committee is aware of existing community 
partnerships with local law enforcement to link video 
monitoring technology to reduce emergency response time and 
increase collaboration between community partners and law 
enforcement. The Committee notes that Byrne JAG funds may be 
used for these purposes and encourages the Department to award 
funds for these purposes. The Committee is aware of the value 
to law enforcement of gunfire detection and location technology 
and recommends Byrne JAG funds be awarded for this purpose.
    Visitation of Incarcerated Parents.--The Committee 
recognizes that preserving positive family connections can 
yield positive societal benefits in the form of reduced 
recidivism, less intergenerational criminal justice system 
involvement, and promotion of healthy child development. The 
Committee recognizes that the environment of prisons can be 
intimidating and detrimental to child development. Therefore, 
the Committee provides $2,000,000 within Byrne JAG for the 
Department to provide grants to States and localities for 
construction, renovation, or upgrades of child-friendly family 
visitation spaces in correctional facilities. Any construction 
or buildout space should take into consideration the best 
interests of child visitors. The Department should consult with 
the Bureau of Prisons to ensure the facilities meet the 
criteria for best practices.
    Sentencing Alternatives Programs for Parents.--The 
Committee recognizes that incarcerating parents creates poor 
outcomes for children, wherein the lack of parental support and 
supervision have proven to result in increased crime and harm 
to communities, particularly in the communities of color most 
affected by mass incarceration. Therefore, the Committee urges 
OJP to promote opportunities to support and strengthen 
parenting sentencing alternative programs.
    Byrne Justice Assistance Grant Funding for Police Patrols 
of At-Risk Non-Profits.--The Committee directs the department 
to prioritize grants for state and local law enforcement 
requesting to increase patrols and deployments that bolster the 
security of at-risk nonprofit organizations including 
synagogues, churches, mosques, and other places of worship.
    High Risk Vehicle Events.--The Committee notes that Byrne 
JAG funding can be used for pursuit technology and training to 
reduce deaths and injuries during high-risk vehicle events. The 
Committee encourages the BJS to develop a data collection 
process to accurately capture the number of deaths and injuries 
from police pursuit and high-risk vehicle events.
    STOP School Violence Act.--The recommendation provides 
$140,000,000 for the STOP School Violence Act grant program. 
Within this amount, $87,000,000 is provided to the Bureau of 
Justice Assistance (BJA) for evidence-based school safety 
programs outlined in the Act and $53,000,000 is provided to the 
Community Oriented Policing Service (COPS) program.
    Hate Crime Grants.--The Committee is concerned by the rise 
in hate crimes across the country, particularly the rise in 
crimes targeting the Latino and LGBTQ communities, the 
persistence and prominence of anti-Black attacks, and anti-
Semitic attacks. The Committee also understands that 
individuals or communities may be targeted based on race, 
religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, or 
gender, according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's 
Uniform Crime Reporting Program. The enactment of the Matthew 
Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act (Public 
Law 111-84) provided the Federal Government with more tools and 
data to help states address and combat these bias-motivated 
attacks. The recommendation provides no less than $8,000,000 
for grant opportunities authorized in section 4704 of Public 
Law 111-84 to help states, localities, and tribal law 
enforcement agencies to conduct educational outreach and 
training on hate crimes and to investigate and prosecute hate 
crimes.
    Emmett Till unsolved civil rights grants.--The 
recommendation includes $2,000,000 in grants to state and local 
law enforcement agencies for the expenses associated with the 
investigation and prosecution of criminal offenses involving 
civil rights, as authorized by the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil 
Rights Crimes Reauthorization Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-325).
    Immigration Representation Pilot.--The recommendation 
includes $15,000,000 for the OJP to establish a competitive 
grant pilot program for legal representation of immigrants who 
seek asylum and other forms of legal protection in the United 
States after entering at the southwest border. The Committee 
recognizes the compelling need to ensure due process for the 
growing number of immigrants who seek asylum and who must 
navigate a complex legal system for processing of asylum 
claims. Legal representation, which many asylum seekers do not 
currently have, will ensure that the system works more 
efficiently, cases are processed more quickly, and the 
legitimacy of asylum claims are correctly determined. Grants, 
including subgrants, shall be made to nonprofit organizations 
that are qualified legal services providers. The Committee 
expects that the pilot program will support direct 
representation, including pro bono representation where 
possible, of immigrants currently detained by ICE at one or two 
small or medium-sized detention facilities, immigrants released 
into the local communities around those facilities, and 
immigrants released from those facilities to one or two high-
release cities. Grant awards should take into consideration 
continuity of representation to help ensure individuals are 
represented until their cases are complete. Within 90 days of 
enactment of this Act, the OJP shall submit a report to the 
Committee on the implementation of this program.
    Officer Robert Wilson III Preventing Violence Against Law 
Enforcement and Ensuring Officer Resilience and Survivability 
Program (VALOR).--Within the amount provided for the Byrne JAG 
program, $12,500,000 is set aside for VALOR, of which no less 
than the fiscal year 2020 enacted level shall be obligated for 
active shooter training. The Committee recognizes that the 
VALOR initiative addresses increased violence directed at our 
law enforcement officers and prepares officers to anticipate 
and survive violent encounters.
    Victims of trafficking grants.--The recommendation includes 
increased funding for human trafficking task force activities 
and for services for victims. These funds may also be used to 
develop, expand, and strengthen assistance programs for child 
victims of sex and labor trafficking. The Committee notes that 
the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act established a 
Domestic Trafficking Victims Fund, which will provide 
additional resources for these programs. The Committee directs 
DOJ to support the victim-centered approach to recognizing and 
responding to human trafficking, especially across partnerships 
between Federal and local law enforcement agencies and victim 
service providers. The Department shall include a planned 
allocation of these funds in its spending plan. The Committee 
encourages the Department to increase the number of human 
trafficking task forces funded by this program.
    Internet Safety Grants.--The Committee is concerned that 
existing Federal laws to prevent the Internet-enabled 
exploitation of children have not been adequately enforced, 
leading to increased harm to minors from obscenity, child 
pornography, predation, sex trafficking, and cyberbullying. The 
Committee encourages the Department to award grants under the 
Economic, High-tech, White Collar and Cybercrime Prevention 
grant program for internet safety programs to educate adults 
and parents about the dangers children face on the internet.
    Restricting Online Obscenity.--The Committee is concerned 
that the expansion of unrestricted Wi-Fi in Government, 
Educational, and Commercial facilities is creating unsafe 
public environments due to the freely available access to 
online obscenity. The Committee encourages the Department to 
award Economic, High-tech, White Collar and Cybercrime 
Prevention grants for programs that encourage greater 
corporate, government, and institutional responsibility for 
safer, more secure public Wi-Fi networks using readily 
available technology solutions to filter illegal child abuse 
images and obscene content.
    Opioid abuse.--The recommendation includes $412,000,000 for 
programs to reduce opioid abuse, as authorized by the 
Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 (CARA; Public 
Law 114-198). Within this amount is $85,000,000 for drug 
courts; $43,000,000 for the Mentally Ill Offender Act; 
$35,000,000 for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT), 
$30,000,000 is for veterans treatment courts; $31,000,000 for 
prescription drug monitoring; $188,000,000 for the 
Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Program (COAP); and no less than 
amounts provided in fiscal year 2020 for additional replication 
sites employing the Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) 
model, with applicants demonstrating a plan for sustainability 
of LEAD-model diversion programs, prioritizing sites with 
geographic barriers.
    The Committee believes that communities must address opioid 
abuse through comprehensive strategies that incorporate 
enhanced enforcement, education and treatment. The Committee 
directs OJP to work with the Drug Enforcement Administration, 
the Department of Health and Human Services, and the NIJ to 
develop, and help communities implement, best practices to 
address opioid abuse.
    The Committee encourages OJP to develop and apply metrics 
that incentivize stronger linkages between the responsible 
agencies, including but not limited to law enforcement, 
prosecutors, community-based treatment centers, hospitals, 
medical examiners, and public health departments. The Committee 
also encourages OJP to prioritize comprehensive, real-time, 
regional information collection, analysis, and dissemination.
    The Committee supports the use of COAP funding to provide 
law enforcement with overdose reversal drugs, such as naloxone.
    The Committee believes it is essential to any comprehensive 
opioid prevention strategy to include a vigorous program 
designed to strengthen the ability of States and tribes to 
develop identifiable and accessible take-back programs for 
unused controlled substances found in the home and used by 
hospitals and long-term care facilities.
    The Committee encourages the Department to administer drug 
court grants with maximum flexibility in order to best 
accommodate the needs and available resources of eligible 
jurisdictions, including rural jurisdictions.
    The Committee is aware that there can be a correlation 
between those suffering from mental health disturbances and 
repeat criminal offenders. Therefore, the Committee recommends 
that funds allocated to the Mentally Ill Offender Act should 
prioritize the operational expenses for centers that aid those 
with severe mental health needs who are at risk of recidivism. 
These mental health centers can provide, but are not limited 
to, the following services: crisis care, residential treatment, 
outpatient mental health and primary care services, and 
community re-entry supports. The Committee recommends that 
funding levels for grants be commensurate with demonstrated 
community needs.
    The Committee is concerned by the high rates of re-
incarceration among individuals with serious mental illness due 
to the inadequate management of their illness and encourages 
the Department to include long-acting injectable anti-psychotic 
medications as an allowable expense to improve treatment 
adherence and reduce risk for relapse and re-incarceration.
    Strategic Mobile and Response Teams (SMART).--The Committee 
encourages DOJ to investigate the opportunity to conduct pilot 
programs to implement SMART at the Southwest Border. Border 
SMART Pilot programs should combine the use of officers and 
technology, including ground sensors and drones. The pilot 
programs should have inter-agency partnership and multi-layered 
security efforts, including marine, air, and terrestrial 
components, with the goal of increasing border security while 
reducing cost. The Committee reiterates its interest in 
receiving the briefing as directed in House Report 115-704, and 
the fiscal year 2020 Explanatory Statement, not later than 60 
days after enactment of this Act.
    Sexual assault kit backlog grants.--The recommendation 
includes $49,000,000 for grants to address the sexual assault 
kit (SAK) backlog. The Committee understands that efforts to 
test the backlog of sexual assault kits in numerous 
jurisdictions have led to the identification of thousands of 
perpetrators and new and significant insights on the behavior 
of serial predators that will be useful in future investigation 
and prevention activities. The Committee believes it is 
extremely important that the Department maximize the results of 
investments in sexual assault kit testing through continued 
research to identify best practices for state, local, and 
tribal jurisdictions in handling the myriad issues that arise 
from perpetrator identification--such as victim notification, 
investigation, prosecution, documentation, forensic 
advancements, inter-jurisdiction sharing, and tracking. The 
Committee further believes it is critically important to fund 
efforts to support cross-jurisdiction and cross-site data 
sharing to identify and pursue repeat offenders operating in 
multiple jurisdictions. Finally, the Committee believes that 
further work to validate the extensive cost savings that result 
from the prevention of future offenses as a result of SAK 
testing is needed. The Committee directs the Department to 
support efforts that advance these objectives.
    Sex Offender Tracking.--The Committee understands that sex 
offender management assistance grants can be used to purchase 
sex offender tracking software, provided that the purchase 
directly contributes to a jurisdiction's overall Sex Offender 
Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) implementation 
strategy or plan. The Committee encourages the Department to 
raise awareness of this eligible use and award up to $5,000,000 
of the amounts made available for Adam Walsh Act Implementation 
for grants for this purpose.
    DNA Initiative.--The Committee continues its strong support 
for DNA backlog and crime lab improvements by recommending 
$142,000,000 to strengthen and improve Federal and State DNA 
collection and analysis systems that can be used to accelerate 
the prosecution of the guilty while simultaneously protecting 
the innocent from wrongful prosecution. Within funds provided, 
$108,000,000 is for Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Reduction grants, 
$9,000,000 is for Kirk Bloodsworth Post-Conviction DNA Testing 
grants, and $6,000,000 is for Sexual Assault Forensic Exam 
Program grants. The Committee expects that OJP will make 
funding for DNA analysis and capacity enhancement a priority in 
order to meet the purposes of the Debbie Smith DNA Backlog 
Grant Program. The Committee directs the Department to submit 
to the Committee, as part of the Department's spending plan for 
State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, a plan with respect 
to funds appropriated for DNA-related and forensic programs, 
including the alignment of appropriated funds with the 
authorized purposes of the Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grant 
Program.
    Rapid DNA Initiative.--The Committee recognizes the growing 
importance of Rapid DNA technology in federal, state, local and 
tribal law enforcement operations. The Committee supports broad 
deployment of Rapid DNA technology that meets FBI quality 
assurance standards to help local, state and federal law 
enforcement agencies meet their mission requirements, improve 
the efficacy and efficiency of investigations, and protect and 
bring justice to the innocent. The Committee acknowledges that 
deployment of Rapid DNA has been shown to be a critical law 
enforcement tool for combatting human trafficking, suppressing 
gang activity, supporting drug interdiction and counter-drug 
activities, and disrupting transnational criminal organization 
activities. It has also helped improve disaster response and 
victim identification. The Committee has repeatedly expressed 
concern with the nationwide backlog of sexual assault kits and 
believes that in some jurisdictions the unfortunate and long-
standing backlog of sexual assault kits could be addressed with 
rapid DNA technology. The Committee further believes that Rapid 
DNA technology should be deployed early in sexual assault 
investigations to prevent backlogs from forming in the first 
place. The Committee therefore directs the Department to ensure 
that recipients of all existing grant programs that help 
Federal, state, local and tribal agencies build capacity for 
DNA analysis, address the sexual assault kit backlog, enhance 
investigative methods, and adopt innovative criminal justice 
strategies are made aware that Rapid DNA implementation and 
sustainment are permissible uses of grant funds. The Committee 
directs the Department to provide a report to the Committee no 
later than 60 days after enactment of this Act that describes 
how Rapid DNA technology is being deployed to prevent violence 
against women, support illicit opioid interdiction, improve 
criminal investigations, prevent human trafficking, combat 
transnational criminal activities, and prevent sexual assault 
kit backlog creation.
    Capital Litigation Improvement and Wrongful Conviction 
Review.--The Committee recognizes the need for legal 
representation and investigation services for individuals with 
post-conviction claims of innocence. Given the urgent need to 
identify and remediate wrongful convictions, the Committee 
directs that at least 50 percent of the appropriated amount to 
the Capital Litigation Improvement and Wrongful Conviction 
Review grant programs shall be used to support Wrongful 
Conviction Review grantees providing high quality and efficient 
post-conviction representation for defendants in postconviction 
claims of innocence. Wrongful Conviction Review grantees shall 
be nonprofit organizations, institutions of higher education, 
and/or State or local public defender offices that have inhouse 
post-conviction representation programs that show demonstrable 
experience and competence in litigating post-conviction claims 
of innocence. Grant funds shall support grantee provision of 
post-conviction legal representation of innocence claims; case 
review, evaluation, and management; experts; potentially 
exonerative forensic testing; and investigation services 
related to supporting these post-conviction innocence claims.
    Grants to Combat Contraband Cell Phones & Communication 
Devices.--The Committee remains concerned about the rising use 
of contraband cellular phones and devices in State and local 
correctional facilities. The Committee encourages the awarding 
of grants, based on the recommendations of the fiscal year 2016 
report submitted to Congress, to deploy Managed Access 
telecommunications technologies to thwart illegal inmate 
telecommunications covering all commercial networks through 
managed access while not interfering with the legitimate use of 
the spectrum. The technology to be deployed must manage prison 
cell phone use while simultaneously preserving the rights of 
law-abiding citizens to enjoy the benefits of the public 
airwaves without interference.
    Second Chance Act/offender reentry programs.--The 
recommendation includes $100,000,000 for Second Chance Act 
grants, an increase of $10,000,000 above fiscal year 2020. The 
Committee is aware that case studies of innovative, evidence-
based practices provide strong indication that recidivism 
patterns can be reversed. The Committee expects that Second 
Chance Act grants will foster the implementation of strategies 
that have been proven to reduce recidivism and ensure safe and 
successful reentry back to their communities of adults released 
from prisons and jails. The Committee expects DOJ to designate 
funds for proven, evidenced-based programs that will further 
the goal of maximizing public safety.
    The Committee is aware that university programs are 
available for inmates to study business and entrepreneurship 
principles with the goal of providing them with the skills and 
training necessary to start and operate their own businesses 
upon release. The Committee encourages DOJ to support, through 
its Second Chance Act funding, programs that further the goal 
of reducing recidivism by supplementing state-funded vocational 
programs in prisons with university-based learning initiatives 
based on entrepreneurship principles and necessary skills 
training that can be directed into successful post-
incarceration enterprises.
    The Committee encourages the Department of Justice (DOJ) to 
explore programs that reduce offender recidivism and end 
repeated cycles of violence and abuse by teaching skills for 
reducing stress, processing past trauma, and providing 
practical knowledge of how to cope with negative emotions. The 
Committee further encourages the DOJ to explore rehabilitation 
methods such as mindfulness and meditation which encourage 
incarcerated individuals to live to one's highest potential and 
contribute to society.
    Human Trafficking Court Report.--The Committee applauds the 
successes of drug courts and veteran treatment courts and how 
they take a holistic approach to treat and hold individuals 
accountable for their actions. The Committee urges the 
Department of Justice to evaluate a similar model for victims 
of human trafficking, especially for women and minors involved 
in prosecution. The Committee directs the Department to submit 
a report to the Committee, no later than 180 days after 
enactment of this Act, outlining the possibility of creating a 
human trafficking court in the model of drug and veterans 
treatment courts.
    Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution.--Facility audits 
are a key component in helping agencies move their sexual abuse 
prevention and response policies from written documents to 
everyday practices. Congress recently made changes to the audit 
process to ensure greater oversight of the audit process and 
improved audits. The Committee supports the Department 
providing the necessary resources to carry out this work.
    Veterans Treatment Courts.--The Committee directs the 
Department to conduct a national outcome study on veterans 
treatment courts in order to continue advancing evidence-based 
practices at the Bureau of Justice Assistance.
    Human Trafficking Court Report.--The Committee applauds the 
successes of drug courts and veterans treatment courts and how 
they take a holistic approach to treat and hold individuals 
accountable for their actions. The Committee urges the 
Department of Justice to evaluate a similar model for victims 
of human trafficking, especially for women and minors involved 
in prosecution. The Committee directs the Department to report 
to the Committee, not later than 180 days after enactment of 
this Act, outlining the possibility of creating a human 
trafficking court in the model of drug and veterans courts.
    Rural law enforcement.--The Committee is concerned that 
many rural law enforcement agencies are understaffed and 
underfunded, and often have no access to local or regional 
mental health and drug treatment services. In addition, 
recruiting and retention of qualified officers is difficult, 
and access to training is often out of reach because small 
departments do not have the funds to travel or to replace 
officers in their schedule to accommodate leave for training. 
While some rural agencies participate in multi-jurisdictional 
task forces, conducting proactive investigations in small 
communities is difficult. Therefore, the Committee encourages 
the Department to develop programs aimed specifically at 
providing the funding, resources, training, and support that 
rural law enforcement agencies need to address the consequences 
of drug abuse, drug-related crime and mental health crises in 
their communities.
    Smart Prosecution.--The Committee notes that throughout 
much of the United States, local prosecutors' offices carry 
attorney caseloads well above recommended levels, lack critical 
support staff, and rely on outdated information technology to 
manage their caseloads. The Committee is concerned these 
conditions can negatively impacts victims, criminal defendants, 
and public safety. The Committee recommendation includes no 
less than $2,000,000 from amounts provided for a competitive 
program dedicated to State and local prosecutor office 
modernization and caseload reduction.
    Community trust initiative.--The recommendation includes 
$77,500,000 for a program to improve police-community 
relations. Included in this initiative is $20,000,000 for the 
Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program, $30,000,000 for 
justice reinvestment, and $27,500,000 for a body-worn camera 
partnership initiative.
    Justice Reinvestment Initiative.--As the Committee believes 
that improving police-community relations will require more 
than just equipment procurement, the recommendation provides 
$30,000,000 for the Justice Reinvestment Initiative, which 
provides assistance to jurisdictions to implement data-driven 
strategies to improve public safety by reducing corrections 
spending and reinvesting those savings in efforts to decrease 
crime and strengthen neighborhoods. The Committee notes 
concerns regarding trial delays and bail conditions for 
incarcerated youth. Of the funds for Justice Reinvestment, 
$8,000,000 is for innovative efforts among States and 
localities to reduce trial delays, ensure speedy bond 
consideration, guarantee that a juvenile's ability to pay is 
considered in setting any bond amount, provide mental health 
services for youth who are incarcerated, and reduce the use of 
solitary confinement on youth.
    The Committee believes that comprehensive, career-long, 
sequential leadership education and development for all local 
law enforcement officers, from newly sworn officers to those 
with command level experience, remains critical to reduce 
crime, control emergent situations, decrease liability and 
risk, and strengthen relationships between law enforcement 
agencies and the communities they serve. The Committee directs 
the Department to develop a multi-year strategy to build local 
problem-solving capacity with law enforcement via ethical 
leadership development, which may include an online learning 
system and pilot projects, that could be matched with funding 
from Byrne JAG or other programs.

                       JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $337,000,000 for Juvenile Justice 
programs, which is $17,000,000 above fiscal year 2020 and 
$109,500,000 above the request. Funds are distributed as 
follows:

                        JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Part B--State Formula Grants............................         $65,000
Emergency Planning--Juvenile Detention Facilities.......           (500)
Youth Mentoring Grants..................................         100,000
Title V--Delinquency Prevention Incentive Grants........          44,000
    Prevention of Trafficking of Girls..................         (3,000)
    Tribal Youth........................................         (5,000)
    Children of Incarcerated Parents Web Portal.........           (500)
    Girls in the Justice System.........................         (2,000)
    Opioid Affected Youth Initiative....................        (10,000)
    Children Exposed to Violence........................         (8,000)
Victims of Child Abuse Programs.........................          28,500
Missing and Exploited Children Programs.................          94,500
Training for Judicial Personnel.........................           5,000
                                                         ---------------
    Total, Juvenile Justice.............................         337,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Youth mentoring grants.--The recommendation includes 
$100,000,000 for youth mentoring grants, which is $3,000,000 
above fiscal year 2020 and $57,000,000 above the request.
    The Committee recognizes the success of the Youth Mentoring 
program. Through trusted peer-to-peer mentoring relationships, 
in the community and in schools, Youth Mentoring grantees can 
provide needed attention and support to at-risk children. 
Mentoring relationships enhance a child's overall well-being by 
improving their emotional, social, and educational development.
    The Committee directs that OJP provide at least $20,000,000 
for mentoring programs that assist at-risk juveniles and their 
families who have been impacted by the opioid crisis and drug 
addiction.
    Preventing trafficking of girls.--The recommendation 
includes $3,000,000 for grants for nonprofits and other 
nongovernmental entities that have undergone rigorous 
evaluation and have a successful track record of administering 
research-based prevention and early intervention programs for 
girls who are vulnerable to trafficking and are most likely to 
end up in the juvenile justice system. Funds shall be used to 
scale up and replicate these programs. This expansion will 
bolster prevention and early intervention strategies and 
curricula throughout the country, and place vulnerable girls on 
a path toward success, stability, and long-term contribution to 
our society. The Committee encourages the Office for Victims of 
Crime and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency 
Prevention to examine ways to assist nonprofits and other 
nongovernmental entities with a proven track record of 
administering successful prevention and early intervention 
programs for girls vulnerable to trafficking. The Committee 
expects these funds to go toward early intervention programs, 
separate and distinct from law enforcement efforts.
    Missing and exploited children programs.--The 
recommendation includes $94,500,000 for missing and exploited 
children programs, which is $7,000,000 above fiscal year 2020 
and $9,500,000 above the request.
    The Committee expects the Department to allocate 
$40,000,000 for task force grants, training and technical 
assistance, research and statistics, and administrative costs 
for the Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) program. The 
Department is directed to include in its ICAC Task Force grant 
solicitation a prioritization of proactive investigations of 
suspects possessing, distributing, or producing violent and 
sadistic child sexual abuse imagery. The Committee also 
encourages the Department to encourage ICAC grantees to 
dedicate increased efforts to proactive investigations, which 
have demonstrated potential to rescue children.
    The Department is encouraged to support the development, 
refinement, and technological advancement of widely used tools, 
methods, and technologies that address child sexual 
exploitation and trafficking.
    The Committee recognizes the diverse and unique challenges 
identified in the report to Congress directed by the Ashlynne 
Mike AMBER Alert in Indian Country Act (Public Law 115 166) for 
the integration of State AMBER Alert communications plans and 
tribal systems. Within the funds provided, the Committee 
recommends no less than $4,400,000 for the operation and 
activities of the existing AMBER Alert program. Of the funds 
provided for AMBER Alert activities, $1,000,000 shall be 
directed to addressing State/tribal integration consistent with 
(1) the findings of the both the report directed in Public Law 
115-166 and (2) a long-term budget and plan by the Department 
for implementation across all states with affected tribal 
communities. The Committee directs the Department to submit to 
the Committee a long-term budget and plan for implementation 
across all States with affected tribal communities, not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act.
    PROTECT Our Children Act.--The Department is directed to 
comply with the PROTECT Our Children Act (Public Law 110-401) 
and submit to the Committee a National Strategy for Child 
Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction as well as designate a 
Senior Executive Service (SES) level official at the Department 
of Justice to be responsible for coordinating the development 
of this National Strategy.
    Four Core Requirements of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency 
Prevention.--The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention 
Act (JJDPA) is based on the consensus that youth involved with 
the juvenile and criminal courts should be guarded by federal 
standards for care and custody, while also upholding the 
interests of community safety and the prevention of 
victimization. The Act authorizes an annual formula grant 
allocation to those states that provide an acceptable plan to 
comply with four core requirements. The four requirements 
provide that: (1) States must keep status offenders out of 
secure detention or correctional facilities; (2) States cannot 
detain or confine juveniles in facilities in which they would 
have sight or sound contact with adult inmates; (3) Juveniles 
cannot be detained or confined in any jail or lockup for 
adults; and (4) States must show that they are working to 
address racial and ethnic disparities that exist in their 
juvenile justice systems. The Committee directs the Office of 
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to report 
to Congress on the technical assistance provided to states with 
respect to meeting the four requirements through evidence-based 
programs.
    Bullying.--The Committee encourages the Department to 
provide funding within existing programs for evidence-based 
approaches to preventing bullying in schools, communities, and 
in cyberspace.
    School discipline.--The Committee encourages the Department 
to explore implementing programs that are focused on 
disadvantaged students of color in elementary and secondary 
school that include a curriculum that prevents unnecessary 
trauma and harm, and counterproductive in-school arrests and 
expulsion, while incorporating positive alternatives to 
suspension, and promoting educational development and 
attainment. The Committee looks forward to the report directed 
in House Report 116-101, detailing how the Department could 
partner with relevant stakeholders to implement such a program.
    Arts-based programs.--The Committee strongly supports a 
comprehensive and innovative approach to programs that work to 
improve the lives of the youth in our communities. The Office 
of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is encouraged to 
review opportunities to include and evaluate arts-based 
programming and art-therapies within existing activities and 
grants.

                     PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER BENEFITS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total of $143,800,000 for the 
Public Safety Officer Benefits program, which is $2,000,000 
above fiscal year 2020 and the same as the request. Within the 
funds provided, $119,000,000 is for death benefits for 
survivors, an amount estimated by the Congressional Budget 
Office that is considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes. 
Also within the total, $24,800,000 is recommended for 
disability benefits for public safety officers who are 
permanently and totally disabled as a result of a catastrophic 
injury sustained in the line of duty, and for education 
benefits for the spouses and children of officers who are 
killed in the line of duty or who are permanently and totally 
disabled as a result of a catastrophic injury sustained in the 
line of duty.

                  Community Oriented Policing Services


             COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $343,000,000 for Community 
Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Programs, which is equal to 
fiscal year 2020 and $343,000,000 above the request. Funds are 
distributed as follows:

                  COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
COPS Hiring Grants......................................        $231,000
    Improving Tribal Law Enforcement Resources..........        (27,000)
    Community Policing Development/ Training and                 (6,500)
     Technical Assistance...............................
    Regional Information Sharing Activities.............        (40,000)
    Tribal Access Program...............................         (3,000)
    Civilian Review Boards..............................         (4,000)
    Law Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness Act......         (5,000)
Police Act..............................................          11,000
Anti-Methamphetamine Task Forces........................          13,000
Anti-Heroin Task Forces.................................          35,000
STOP School Violence Act................................          53,000
                                                         ---------------
    Total, Community Oriented Policing Services.........        $343,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Community Oriented Policing Services.--The Committee urges 
that COPS grants be awarded based on a comprehensive assessment 
of the needs of the jurisdiction and that jurisdictions are not 
disqualified solely based on the size of their law enforcement 
budget.
    Civilian Review Boards.--Within the amount provided for 
COPS, the Committee provides $4,000,000 for grants for the 
development of best practices for, and the creation of, 
civilian review boards to oversee local police departments. 
Civilian review boards funded under this program should be 
independent and adequately resourced, have investigatory 
authority and staff subpoena power, have representative 
community diversity, have policy making authority, provide 
advocates for civilian complainants, have mandatory police 
power to conduct hearings, and conduct statistical studies on 
prevailing complaint trends.
    Hiring of Residential Law Enforcement Officers.--The 
committee urges the Department, as it implements the COPS 
Hiring program, to support the recruitment, hiring, retainment, 
development, and training of law enforcement officers who are 
residents of the communities they serve. Priority for grant 
awards shall be provided for the hiring of law enforcement 
officers who are residents of, or are willing to relocate to, 
communities that: (1) have poor or fragmented relationships 
between police and residents of the community, or where there 
are high incidents of crime, and (2) are the communities that 
the law enforcement officers serve, or are close to the 
jurisdictions they serve. Data shall be collected on the 
numbers of law enforcement officers who are willing to relocate 
to the communities where they serve, and whether such law 
enforcement officer relocations have impacted crime in such 
communities. Within 180 days of enactment of this Act, the 
Department shall develop and publicly report strategies and 
timelines to recruit, hire, promote, retain, develop, and train 
a diverse and inclusive law enforcement workforce, consistent 
with merit system principles and applicable law.
    STOP School Violence Act school hardening.--The 
recommendation includes $53,000,000, which is an increase of 
$3,000,000 above the fiscal year 2020 level for evidence-based 
school hardening measures including metal detectors, locks, 
lighting, ballistic glass, and other deterrent measures in 
coordination with law enforcement, as well as training for 
local law enforcement officers to prevent student violence, 
technology for expedited notification of local law enforcement 
during an emergency, and other measures determined to provide 
significant improvement in physical security of schools.
    School resource officers (SROs).--The Committee supports 
initiatives through the COPS Hiring Program to assist State and 
local governments to recruit and train additional SROs to build 
working relationships with schools as a means to provide a 
safer and calmer learning environment.
    The Committee acknowledges that school SROs are intended to 
serve in roles ranging from counselors, to tutors and mentors, 
in order to create opportunities for students to interact with 
law enforcement in a positive way. The Committee looks forward 
to receiving the report directed in House Report 116-101 which 
directs the Department of Justice to examine the current role 
of SROs on campuses and provide recommendations. on how SROs 
can better serve the needs of the students. Furthermore, the 
Committee is concerned about also protecting the civil 
liberties of students in school. Accordingly, the Committee 
requests that the Department conduct an assessment for fiscal 
year 2021 to determine what if any effort grantees make to 
ensure students are aware of their civil rights.
    SROs across the country engage with students on a daily 
basis and provide a wide range of important services to our 
nation's youth, including identifying depression and suicidal 
behavior among school children. SROs are in a unique position 
to identify and assist children at-risk of depression and 
suicide. The Committee supports awarding SRO grants to 
communities that are dealing with high levels of youth suicide, 
especially in smaller towns with limited resources.
    Regional Information Sharing Activities.--Regional 
information sharing activities play a key role in assisting our 
local, State and Federal law enforcement agencies fight crime 
and terrorism. Over the last decade, regional information 
sharing has yielded $23,000,000,000 in narcotics, property, and 
case seizures. This recommendation provides $40,000,000 for 
grants to State and local law enforcement for these activities.
    Rural law enforcement staffing.--The Committee recognizes 
certain State and local law enforcement agencies in rural and 
low-populated counties are critically underfunded and 
understaffed. Some distressed regions have as few as two law 
enforcement officers on payroll to patrol its jurisdictions at 
a given time. These instances of chronic law enforcement 
understaffing pose a significant threat to communities. The 
Committee encourages the Department to fund grants for 
critically understaffed law enforcement agencies.
    Law enforcement training.--The Committee recognizes the 
importance and success of the COPS Hiring program. Recent 
incidents of law enforcement killing unarmed civilians have 
highlighted the importance and need for strong, collaborative 
relationships between local police and the communities they 
serve. The Committee supports diversity hiring in local law 
enforcement to ensure that law enforcement reflects the 
communities they serve or are residents of the communities they 
serve. The Committee encourages the Department to provide the 
highest priority to COPS program applicants and law enforcement 
agencies that require their employees to complete evidence-
based cultural sensitivity trainings, including training on 
ethnic and racial bias, racial profiling, gender bias, sexual 
orientation and gender identity bias, cultural diversity, use 
of force, procedural justice, and law enforcement interaction 
with people with disabilities, the mentally ill, and English 
Language Learners.
    Active shooter response.--The recommendation includes 
$11,000,000 for the POLICE Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-199). 
The Committee notes the importance of training partnerships 
that offer nationwide, dynamic force-on-force scenario-based 
training. The Committee understands the training has been 
adopted by numerous States and agencies as their standard 
active shooter training and that the FBI has adopted this 
program as its national training standard for active shooter 
response. In addition, the Committee encourages the Department 
to ensure that such grants authorized under the POLICE Act may 
be made available for primary schools, secondary schools, and 
college campuses, and that such training is an integrated 
training with campus police officers and local law enforcement. 
The Department shall report to the Committee, within 180 days 
of enactment, on the number of schools that have received 
active shooter training and the number of schools' campus 
police officer units that have received active shooter training 
in connection with this program over the last three fiscal 
years.
    Human trafficking intelligence.--The Committee encourages 
programs funded under the regional information sharing 
activities to hire criminal intelligence analysts to compile 
information, reports, and other intelligence on human 
trafficking into, out of, and within the borders of the United 
States.

               General Provisions--Department of Justice


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
for the Department of Justice:
    Section 201 prohibits the use of funds to pay for an 
abortion, except in the case of rape, incest, or to preserve 
the life of the mother.
    Section 202 prohibits the use of funds to require any 
person to perform or facilitate the performance of an abortion.
    Section 203 establishes the obligation of the Director of 
the Bureau of Prisons to provide escort services to an inmate 
receiving an abortion outside of a Federal facility, except 
where this obligation conflicts with the preceding section.
    Section 204 prohibits the use of certain funds for 
transporting prisoners classified as maximum or high security, 
other than to a facility certified by the Bureau of Prisons as 
appropriately secure.
    Section 205 prohibits the use of funds for the purchase or 
rental by Federal prisons of audiovisual equipment, services 
and materials used primarily for recreational purposes, except 
for those items and services needed for inmate training, 
religious, or educational purposes.
    Section 206 requires review by the Deputy Attorney General 
and the Department Investment Review Board prior to the 
obligation or expenditure of funds for major information 
technology projects.
    Section 207 requires the Department to follow reprogramming 
procedures for any deviation from the program amounts specified 
in this title or the accompanying report, or the reuse of 
deobligated funds provided in previous years.
    Section 208 prohibits the use of funds for OMB Circular A-
76 competitions for work performed by employees of the Bureau 
of Prisons or of the Federal Prison Industries, Inc.
    Section 209 prohibits U.S. Attorneys from holding 
additional responsibilities that exempt U.S. Attorneys from 
statutory residency requirements.
    Section 210 permits up to 2 percent of grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to the Office of 
Justice Programs to be used for training and technical 
assistance, and up to 2 percent of grant funds made available 
to that office to be used for criminal justice research, 
evaluation and statistics by the National Institute of Justice 
and the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
    Section 211 provides cost-share waivers for certain DOJ 
grant programs.
    Section 212 waives the requirement that the Attorney 
General reserve certain funds from amounts provided for 
offender incarceration.
    Section 213 prohibits funds, other than funds for the 
National Instant Criminal Background Check System established 
under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, from being 
used to facilitate the transfer of an operable firearm to a 
known or suspected agent of a drug cartel where law enforcement 
personnel do not continuously monitor or control such firearm.
    Section 214 places limitations on the obligation of funds 
from certain Department of Justice accounts and funding 
sources.
    Section 215 permits DOJ to participate in Performance 
Partnership Pilot collaboration programs.
    Section 216 increases the threshold for balances in the 
United States Trustee System Fund.
    Section 217 prohibits EOIR's use of case completion quotas 
in immigration judge performance evaluations.
    Section 218 amends Public Law 101-246 to provide for danger 
pay for United States Marshals Service for certain deployments 
outside the United States.
    Section 219 prohibits the awarding of funds under the Byrne 
JAG or COPS programs unless the United States Attorney General 
certifies that the recipient State or unit of local government 
satisfies several conditions.
    Section 220 establishes a National Task Force on Law 
Enforcement Oversight.
    Section 221 prohibits Department of Justice funding from 
being made available to any law enforcement agency of any 
State, unit of local government, or Federally recognized Tribal 
government unless the Attorney General has certified that such 
agency has begun or completed the process of receiving 
accreditation from a law enforcement accreditation organization 
approved by the Attorney General.
    Section 222 prohibits the awarding of funds under the Byrne 
JAG or COPS programs unless the United States Attorney General 
certifies that the recipient State or unit of local government 
has in effect a law prohibiting sexual activity while acting 
under color of law.

                               TITLE III


                                SCIENCE


                Office of Science and Technology Policy

    The Committee recommends $5,544,000 for the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), which is equal to the 
fiscal year 2020 appropriation.
    Extreme weather.--The Committee looks forward to receiving 
the report directed in House Report 116-101 that directs OSTP 
to create and convene a Congressionally-mandated Interagency 
Council on Extreme Weather Resilience, Preparedness, and Risk 
Identification and Management (``Interagency Council''). The 
Committee further directs OSTP, in coordination with the 
Interagency Council, to develop a plan, on an agency-by-agency 
basis, for government-wide implementation of resilience, 
preparedness, and risk management priorities. This plan was 
directed to be produced no later than 180 days after the 
enactment of the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2020 (Public Law 116-93). To date, 
the Committee has not received this plan, nor the intermediate 
report that was directed within 90 days.
    Federally Funded Scientific Research.--The Committee 
recognizes the considerable progress made by OSTP in bringing 
to completion the department and agency public access plans 
called for by the OSTP Memorandum ``Increasing Access to the 
Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research,'' issued 
February 22, 2013. The Committee understands that 22 
departments and agencies with annual expenditures on research 
and development of $100,000,000 or more now have completed 
their public access plans for increasing access to peer-
reviewed scholarly publications and digital data resulting from 
Federally funded research. The Committee encourages OSTP to 
continue its efforts to coordinate the implementation of public 
access policies across Federal departments and agencies and to 
identify additional opportunities to enhance access to the 
results of Federally funded research. The Committee received 
OSTP's quarterly progress reports regarding department and 
agency public access planning efforts, the most recent report 
being issued on January 9, 2017. Further, OSTP shall report to 
the Committee on an annual basis on the progress of departments 
and agencies in implementing their public access plans, 
including relevant measures of progress, and regarding 
additional steps being taken to improve access to the results 
of Federally funded research. In addition, at least 90 days 
prior to making any changes to the Federal Government's public 
access policies as outlined in the 2013 OSTP memorandum on 
``Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded 
Scientific Research,'' the Committee directs OSTP to submit to 
the Committee a report on the costs and budgetary impact of 
such changes. The report shall include a complete analysis of 
any newly-created costs, including any potential new costs for 
grant recipients.

                         National Space Council

    The Committee recommends $1,965,000 for the National Space 
Council, which is equal to the fiscal year 2020 appropriation 
and the same as the request.

             National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    The Committee recommends $22,629,000,000 for the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which is equal to 
the fiscal year 2020 appropriation and $2,616,985,000 below the 
request.
    NASA's fiscal year 2021 request, much like the 2020 amended 
budget request, reflected the Administration's ominous shift 
away from legacy programs and programs with clear environmental 
and educational benefits. The Administration's shift in 
priorities is most evident in its budget request of nearly 
$3,400,000,000 (nearly $2,800,000,000 above the fiscal year 
2020 level) for the Human Landing System and Advanced Cislunar 
and Surface Capabilities initiatives. These programs are being 
rushed to meet a politically motivated timeline to again place 
humans on the Moon's lunar surface in a little over four years. 
In order to fund this massive expansion, the Administration 
chose to either reduce or eliminate many critical legacy 
programs, including Earth science programs that help monitor 
the environment, measure global climate change, and track 
rising sea levels. These programs include: The Plankton, 
Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE) Earth-observing 
satellite; the Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity 
Observatory (CLARREO) sensor on the International Space 
Station, designed to lay the foundation for future long-term 
observations of Earth's climate; and NASA's Carbon Monitoring 
System that achieves levels of precision and accuracy to 
monitor, report, and verify the levels of carbon stocks and 
fluxes in Earth's atmosphere. Additional programs that were 
proposed for elimination in the Administration's budget request 
are: The Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST), now 
named the Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope, a NASA observatory 
designed to work in conjunction with the James Webb Space 
Telescope, with a view 100 times greater than that of the 
Hubble Space Telescope; and the entire Science, Technology, 
Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Engagement account. The 
Committee rejects these proposals and has included nearly 
$1,500,000,000 above the request to support these critical 
programs, including additional funding for competitive research 
grants within Earth Science and a $6,000,000 increase over the 
fiscal year 2020 appropriation for the STEM Engagement account.
    The Committee's program and project recommendations for 
NASA are included in the consolidated funding table below and 
in narrative direction throughout this report. The Committee 
reminds NASA that any deviations from the amounts included in 
the table below are subject to section 505 requirements of this 
Act. When executing its budget for fiscal year 2021, NASA shall 
incorporate the funding levels established in both the table 
and the narrative direction. NASA is reminded that comity has 
existed between the Congress and the Executive Branch with 
respect to abiding by language included in this report and in 
the accompanying bill. The Committee expects NASA to respect 
this long-standing practice.

              NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Science:
    Earth Science.......................................      $2,021,800
    Planetary Science...................................       2,713,400
    Astrophysics........................................       1,306,200
    James Webb Space Telescope..........................         423,000
    Heliophysics........................................         633,100
                                                         ---------------
        Total, Science..................................       7,097,500
                                                         ===============
Aeronautics.............................................         819,000
                                                         ===============
Space Technology........................................       1,100,000
                                                         ===============
Exploration:
    Orion Multi-purpose Crew Vehicle....................       1,400,500
    Space Launch System (SLS) Vehicle Deployment........       2,600,000
    Exploration Ground Systems..........................         459,700
    Exploration Research and Development................       1,557,400
                                                         ---------------
        Total, Exploration..............................       6,017,600
                                                         ===============
Space Operations........................................       4,052,200
                                                         ===============
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)         126,000
                                                         ===============
Safety, Security and Mission Services...................       2,953,400
                                                         ===============
Construction and Environmental Compliance and                    419,100
 Restoration............................................
                                                         ===============
Office of Inspector General.............................          44,200
                                                         ===============
        Total, NASA.....................................     $22,629,000
                                                         ===============
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                SCIENCE

    The Committee provides $7,097,500,000 for Science, which is 
$41,400,000 below the fiscal year 2020 appropriation and 
$791,000,000 above the request.
    Earth Science.--The recommendation includes $2,021,800,000 
for Earth Science programs. Despite the overwhelming benefits 
to the economy, coastal regions, and to humankind generally, 
the Administration once again proposed for elimination 
virtually all major missions that incorporate selected ocean 
color and atmospheric aerosol measurement capabilities needed 
to ensure continuity and additional capability in the 
measurement record, and that demonstrate measurement 
technologies for a larger future mission to improve detection 
of climate trends. These missions, aimed at understanding the 
Earth system and its response to natural and human-induced 
forces and changes, will help determine how to predict future 
changes and mitigate or adapt to them. The President's fiscal 
year 2021 budget request, like the Administration's requests of 
prior years, chooses to eliminate missions totaling nearly 
$180,000,000 that address human-induced forces regarding 
climate change. The Committee rejects the Administration's 
proposal, has included adequate funding to continue such 
programs, and expects NASA to comply with Committee direction.
    Earth Science Research and Analysis and Carbon 
Monitoring.--The Committee recommends no less than $346,400,000 
for Earth Science Research, which is $36,500,000 greater than 
the requested level. Within this amount, $10,000,000 is 
directed for the Carbon Monitoring System, which was eliminated 
in the Administration's fiscal year 2021 budget request.
    Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE).--The 
Committee provides $145,100,000, which is $14,100,000 greater 
than the fiscal year 2020 appropriation and $145,100,000 
greater than the Administration's request, which would have 
eliminated the Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE) 
mission. The Committee does not concur with the 
Administration's proposal to terminate this mission, which it 
also proposed terminating in the fiscal year 2020 request, and 
instead the Committee maintains funding at this level due to 
this mission's unique scientific value, including for aiding 
critical parts of the U.S. coastal economy like commercial 
fishing. The data to be generated by PACE builds upon a multi-
decade effort by NASA and other Federal agencies to generate 
information from space that helps, for example, to characterize 
and assess the health of the fisheries environment and to more 
accurately assess the status of fish stocks, as well as to help 
identify the extent and duration of harmful algal blooms. Such 
unique observational information cannot be replicated 
elsewhere, and industry itself does not have the financial 
means to acquire wide scale data such as that generated by PACE 
and its precursor missions. Therefore, the Committee sees any 
effort to terminate this mission as shortsighted and based upon 
incomplete analysis of the benefits of PACE's data to U.S. 
coastal economies, the provision of which is an inherently 
governmental responsibility. In providing this appropriation, 
the Committee directs NASA to provide a report, concurrent with 
the fiscal year 2021 operating plan, on NASA's efforts to 
maintain a 2022 launch date for this mission and directs NASA 
to include adequate funding for PACE in the fiscal year 2022 
budget request.
    Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory 
Pathfinder (CLARREO) Pathfinder.--The Committee provides 
$24,500,000 for this mission, $1,500,000 less than the fiscal 
year 2020 appropriation and $24,500,000 greater than the 
Administration's request, which would have eliminated the 
mission. The Committee does not concur with the 
Administration's proposal to terminate the mission in its 
fiscal year 2021 budget request, just at it did in the fiscal 
year 2020 request, because the CLARREO Pathfinder mission 
demonstrates measurement technologies required for a future 
mission recommended in the 2007 Earth science decadal survey 
focused on improving detection of climate trends. Therefore, 
the Committee additionally directs NASA to include adequate 
funding for CLARREO in the fiscal year 2022 budget request.
    In situ Ocean Data.--In support of the need to understand 
Earth's systems through calibrated and validated global 
satellite observations, the Committee encourages NASA to 
continue collaborating with other Federal science agencies and 
to evaluate, expand, and formalize the use of in situ ocean 
data from Unmanned Surface Vehicles, including from commercial 
sources, as appropriate, to better inform the Agency's weather 
prediction capabilities. Further, within 90 days of enactment 
of this Act, NASA shall report to the Committee on the use of 
unmanned surface vehicles.
    Earth System Science Pathfinder Venture Class and GeoCARB 
Missions.--Within the amounts provided for Earth Science, the 
Committee recommends up to $376,600,000 for NASA's Earth System 
Science Pathfinder missions. Within this amount, funding is 
included for Venture Class and Geostationary Carbon Cycle 
Observatory (GeoCARB) missions. NASA's Venture Class Missions 
provide frequent flight opportunities for high-quality, low-
cost Earth science investigations that can be developed and 
flown in five years or less. NASA selects the investigations 
through open competitions to ensure broad community involvement 
and encourage innovative approaches. Successful investigations 
enhance our capability to understand the current state of the 
Earth system and enable continual improvement in the prediction 
of future changes. The GeoCARB mission is due to launch in 
Summer 2022 and will demonstrate the feasibility of using a 
commercial communications satellite to host a scientific 
instrument which will measure vegetation off-gassing and help 
detect fugitive methane emissions, while also serving as a 
cost-saving model for future Earth Science research needs.
    University Small Satellite Missions.--The Committee 
supports NASA's collaborative efforts with U.S. colleges and 
universities to conduct research through small spacecraft 
missions, including CubeSat and SmallSat missions. The 
Committee believes these competitively selected projects led by 
principal investigators at institutions of higher education 
help train the next generation of scientists and provide much-
needed research. The Committee directs NASA to provide not less 
than $30,000,000 for these missions.
    Small Satellite Launch Services.--To enhance the breadth of 
research achieved using small satellite platforms and bolster 
NASA's overall scientific objectives, the Committee directs 
NASA to work with commercial industry to examine ways for small 
satellite missions to procure launch services that are more 
tailored to their mission dependent orbits, locations, and 
schedules, while minimizing launch costs. NASA shall report on 
such findings within 180 days of enactment of this Act.
    Planetary Science Research and Analysis--Technosignature 
Research.--The Committee understands that NASA's Research 
Opportunities in Space and Earth Science Exoplanets Research 
Program (XRP) element, jointly managed by four Science 
Divisions (Earth Science, Planetary Science, Astrophysics, and 
Heliophysics), allows technosignature proposals, including 
observational, theoretical, and archival proposals focused upon 
the detection of technosignatures. Such proposals are within 
scope of the XRP, except for archival proposals that exploit 
data within a NASA public domain archive. The Committee 
encourages NASA to continue this research.
    Lunar Discovery and Exploration.--The Committee provides 
$410,000,000 for the Lunar Discovery and Exploration program, 
including $22,000,000 for the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and 
$70,000,000 for the new Lunar Future initiative to address the 
strategic knowledge gaps important for human exploration of the 
Moon.
    Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS).--The Committee 
provides $212,500,000 for Commercial Lunar Payload Services 
(CLPS), which is $132,500,000 greater than the fiscal year 2020 
appropriation. The Committee strongly encourages NASA to 
provide funding under this program for lunar landers and rovers 
majority-designed, developed, and built in the United States, 
and, in addition, to the extent practicable, designed, 
developed, or built by one or more U.S. small businesses.
    Planetary Defense.--Within Planetary Science, Planetary 
Defense programs, the Committee provides $150,000,000, equal to 
the requested level, to fund NASA's Planetary Defense program, 
and within this amount, recommends not less than $66,400,000 
for the Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission.
    NASA shall continue to support a network of search and 
characterization observatories and the data processing and 
analysis required to understand the near-Earth population of 
small bodies. NASA shall continue instrument formulation for a 
potential space-based infrared capability, the NEO Surveillance 
Mission, that would support NEO survey objectives as identified 
in the 2019 National Academies study and the goal of finding at 
least 90 percent of the 140 meter and larger near-Earth 
asteroids.
    Ground-based Observatories.--The Committee provides 
continued sustained funding for existing ground-based 
observatories, including the Arecibo Observatory. Accordingly, 
NASA shall maintain no less than the required full funding 
levels for its use of the National Science Foundation's ground-
based telescopes to fulfill its planetary protection mission.
    New Frontiers missions.--The Committee provides 
$179,000,000 for New Frontiers missions. The New Frontiers 
program explores our solar system with medium-class spacecraft 
missions. Within the New Frontiers program, possible mission 
destinations and the science goals for each competitive 
opportunity are limited to specific science targets announced 
for the competition aligned with the scientific goals and 
priorities as described in the Planetary Science Decadal 
Survey.
    Mars Exploration Program.--The Committee provides 
$570,000,000, which is equal to the fiscal year 2020 
appropriation and $41,500,000 greater than the requested level, 
for the Mars Exploration Program to ensure ongoing operations 
of Mars mission architecture ahead of the anticipated landing 
of the Mars 2020 mission as well as further development of a 
Mars Sample Return mission to be launched in 2026. Within funds 
provided, $250,000,000 is included for Mars Sample Return. 
Given that sample return was the highest priority of the 
previous planetary science decadal survey, NASA shall provide 
the Committee with a year-by-year future funding profile for a 
planned focused Mars sample return mission to be ready for a 
2026 launch. In addition, the Committee endorses the mid-term 
decadal survey recommendation for NASA to develop a 
comprehensive Mars program architecture, strategic plan, and 
management structure that maximizes synergy among existing and 
future domestic and international missions and science 
optimization at the architectural level.
    Mars 2020.--The Committee provides the requested level for 
Mars 2020. NASA is directed to ensure timely operations of Mars 
mission architecture ahead of the anticipated landing of the 
Mars 2020 mission as well as further development of a Mars 
Sample Return mission to be launched in 2026.
    Mars Odyssey 2001.--Within the funds available, up to 
$11,000,000 is to continue ongoing operations of the Mars 
Odyssey 2001 mission. Mars Odyssey was launched in 2001 and is 
in its eighth extended mission phase. Mars Odyssey has served 
as a significant relay asset for communications with NASA Mars 
surface explorers over the past two decades.
    Commercial Deep Space Communications Relay.--NASA is 
directed to study the feasibility of establishing a commercial 
deep space communications relay program to help ensure 
sustained operations in deep space. Within 180 days of 
enactment of this Act, the Committee directs NASA to submit a 
report outlining the findings of such a feasibility study.
    Jupiter Europa Missions.--The Committee provides 
$403,500,000, which is $189,100,000 less than fiscal year 2020 
appropriation and equal to the requested level, for the Europa 
Clipper Mission. The Clipper mission will explore Europa, the 
smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter, and 
investigate its habitability. The Committee understands that in 
order to stay on schedule, the mission desires to select a 
launch vehicle in 2020, and NASA is evaluating options to 
expedite time to orbit. The Committee believes that the Clipper 
mission should use a vehicle to support a launch to reduce 
overall mission costs and complexity and expedite science 
results in concert with the decadal survey. Since fiscal year 
2016, funding for the Europa program has been conditioned on 
the use of an SLS rocket as the launch vehicle. This is 
because, among other advantages when compared to alternative 
expendable launch vehicles, an SLS will require less costly 
radiation mitigation measures, extend the life of the Clipper, 
reduce risk via a larger payload capacity, and return valuable 
data to scientists faster due to the greatly reduced travel 
time. Yet, the Committee still has not received a suitable 
explanation from NASA regarding whether there will be 
sufficient SLS launch vehicles to support this mission and 
human space exploration missions. The Committee strongly 
encourages NASA to proceed with plans to use the SLS and 
intends to investigate whether an SLS will be available for the 
mission.
    The Committee directs that at any time following the 
enactment of this Act, that if NASA determines that it must 
initiate plans to procure any launch vehicle other than an SLS 
for a Europa mission, an immediate report shall be provided to 
the Committee outlining the justification for such decision.
    Jupiter Europa Lander.--The Committee provides no 
additional funding for the Jupiter Europa Lander. Development 
of an Ocean World Technology mission is a priority and the 
Committee encourages research and development to continue. The 
Committee understands that funding previously provided is 
sufficient to continue research and development through fiscal 
year 2021. However, the Committee directs NASA to include 
adequate funding in fiscal year 2022 for continued research and 
development in anticipation of the next planetary science 
decadal survey.
    Icy Satellites Surface Technology.--The Committee provides 
no less than $35,000,000 for Icy Satellites Surface Technology 
to meet the science goals for the Jupiter Europa mission as 
recommended in previous Planetary Science Decadal surveys and 
to enable a lander and Ocean Worlds Technology mission by the 
next decade, based on input from the next Planetary Science 
Decadal survey. Investments in landing, mobility, sampling, 
communications, autonomous operations, and power technology for 
low-temperature environments should be prioritized.
    Earth Science Decadal.--The Committee supports the 
recommendations of the National Academy of Sciences' Earth 
Science and Applications from Space Decadal Survey report and 
directs NASA to implement its findings to the extent 
practicable. As articulated by the report, NASA should plan to 
select future missions that address high-priority target 
observables in the designated and explorer categories. Within 
the funds provided, up to $75,000,000 is for NASA to begin 
development, planning, and technology for up to two designated 
observable missions to meet the application goals as 
recommended in the previous Earth Science Decadal survey.
    Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA).--
Within Astrophysics, the Committee provides $85,200,000, which 
is $73,200,000 greater than the requested level, for the 
Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 
ongoing scientific mission, for which the Administration had 
proposed minimal funding aimed at phasing out the program. 
Working collectively with other space telescopes, including 
Hubble and Spitzer, these observatories create a comprehensive 
web of information and data that spans both the electromagnetic 
spectrum and time itself.
    Earth's Radiation Budget.--The Committee supports research 
into the Earth's radiation budget and encourages NASA to 
collaborate with NOAA to establish a baseline of understanding 
of the chemistry of the stratosphere through monitoring and 
observations.
    Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope (formerly named the Wide 
Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST)).--The Committee 
provides $505,200,000, which is $505,200,000 greater than the 
Administration's requested level, which would have eliminated 
the Roman Telescope. This mission was included as the highest 
priority in the 2010 Astrophysics Decadal Survey. Within this 
total, the recommended amount shall include continued 
development of the coronagraph as a technology demonstration 
mission. The Roman Telescope continuation is essential to 
unravel the secrets of dark energy and dark matter, search for 
and image exoplanets, and explore many topics in infrared 
astrophysics.
    James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).--The Committee provides 
$423,000,000, which is equal to the Administration's requested 
level. Additionally, as noted in section 534 of this Act, in 
determining the formulation and development costs under Section 
536 of the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 2020 (Public Law 116-93), such costs shall 
not be considered to include any costs directly related to 
preventing, preparing for, and responding to the impacts of a 
global pandemic health crisis.
    Life and Physical Sciences.--The Committee encourages NASA 
to conduct studies that evaluate the effects of zero gravity 
and deep space radiation on development through non-human 
mammalian embryologic experiments using the International Space 
Station and for NASA to bolster its Development Biology 
program.

                              AERONAUTICS

    The Committee provides $819,000,000 for Aeronautics, which 
is $35,100,000 greater than the fiscal year 2020 appropriation 
and equal to the requested level.
    Hypersonics Technology Project.--Within amounts provided, 
not less than $60,000,000 is for NASA's ongoing Hypersonics 
Technology Project. Hypersonic flight involves speeds of Mach 5 
and above and holds the potential for new military and civilian 
capabilities. Traditionally, NASA has pioneered advances in the 
flight regime and works closely with the Department of Defense 
(DoD) to mature necessary capabilities, while focusing on the 
fundamental research that will lead to new, long-term 
capabilities to lay the foundation for potential future civil 
and commercial use. Program managers should continue to 
coordinate closely with partners in the DoD to enable NASA to 
leverage investments in ground and flight activities and to 
develop and validate advanced physics-based computational 
models as building blocks toward a long-term vision for high-
speed hypersonic air transport. The Committee strongly 
encourages NASA to continue to explore additional opportunities 
to increase hypersonics research by supplementing planned 
activities with public-private partnerships with the goal of 
developing advanced hypersonic capabilities and integrated 
systems through cost-sharing agreements with commercial 
partners, while sustaining hypersonic competency for national 
needs and simultaneously advancing fundamental hypersonic 
research.
    Subsonic Aircraft Technologies.--To support a new 
generation of ultra-efficient, sustainable transonic transport 
aircraft, the Committee provides funding within Aeronautics, as 
requested, for subsonic advanced technology development and 
testing, as well as funding for research, development and 
demonstration of high-rate production composite materials.
    The Committee remains supportive of X-Plane demonstrators 
currently in production and believes increased investments in 
innovative aircraft structures and advanced flight 
demonstrators will enable this new generation of aircraft.
    Aerosciences Evaluation and Test Capabilities.--The 
committee fully funds the Aerosciences Evaluation and Test 
Capabilities wind tunnel management program at the requested 
level.
    Advanced Carbon/Carbon Material Characterization.--The 
Committee recognizes that significant testing is required to 
mature advanced materials for future applications. Due to 
extreme temperatures, hypersonic glide vehicles require 
specialized three-dimensional woven carbon/carbon composite 
material. The Committee encourages NASA to collaborate with 
industry and academia to develop and test the next generation 
of lower cost advanced materials for hypersonic applications by 
combining the expertise of legacy three-dimensional carbon/
carbon suppliers with advances in automation and material 
technologies developed for commercial aerospace.
    Electric Air Flight.--The Committee encourages 
strengthening collaborations between NASA, the Department of 
Energy, and national laboratories to overcome energy storage 
challenges for mobility such as electric air flight. The 
Committee is encouraged by NASA's efforts within its 
Electrified Powertrain Flight Demonstration project, which 
focuses on flight demonstrations that advance the state-of-the-
art in megawatt-class more-electric aircraft to enable enduring 
leadership of the U.S. aviation industry for the benefit of the 
country and the U.S. flying public. In fiscal year 2021, NASA 
plans to conduct testing of a flight-weight, flight-like 
electric inverter at megawatt-class power level under simulated 
altitude conditions of 30,000 feet.
    Priority Technology Investments.--The Committee encourages 
NASA to accelerate research and development for next generation 
commercial engine technologies for Electrified Aircraft 
Propulsion, Small Core Gas Turbine, Transonic Truss-Braced 
Wing, and High-Rate Composite given these four key technology 
programs form the foundation of the 2030 Next Generation 
Propulsion system, which will offer both fuel consumption and 
carbon emission savings for Single Aisle aircraft.

                            SPACE TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee recommends $1,100,000,000 for Space 
Technology, which is equal to the fiscal year 2020 
appropriation and $478,300,000 below the requested level.
    Space Technology Mission Directorate.--The Committee 
reaffirms its support for the independence of the Space 
Technology Mission Directorate and recognizes that its current 
status enables it to support the development of a wide array of 
various technologies. This diverse portfolio contains 
technology development activities that have broad applications 
beyond human exploration and that help to meet the agency's 
science objectives, establish new commercial and academic 
partnerships, and stimulate the growth of the nation's 
technology sector. This approach also ensures that NASA 
technologists and their external partners maintain the ability 
to address long-term strategic goals rather than only focusing 
on short-term, mission-specific objectives. In addition, the 
Directorate's direct engagement with the academic community is 
supporting the development of the next generation of space 
technologists. The Committee directs NASA to preserve the 
Directorate's focus across NASA and in support of each of the 
mission directorates.
    Regional economic development.--The Committee provides 
$8,000,000, which is equal to the fiscal year 2020 
appropriation and $8,000,000 above the Administration's 
requested level, which would have eliminated the program. 
NASA's regional economic development program focuses on 
partnerships with State and regional economic development 
organizations as they expand space-related commercial 
opportunities designed to address NASA mission needs. Within 
120 days of the enactment of this Act, NASA shall provide a 
report to the Committee that details the metrics for this 
program's success, economic development benefits realized from 
prior year funding, and anticipated economic development 
benefits resulting from fiscal year 2021 funding.
    Technology Demonstration Mission--Satellite Servicing/
Restore-L.--The Committee provides $227,000,000, which is 
$47,000,000 greater than the fiscal year 2020 appropriation and 
$93,500,000 greater than the requested level, for the Restore-L 
program to conduct an orbital refueling mission in 2022. These 
funds shall be used exclusively for activities related to and 
associated with the Restore-L spacecraft and any demonstrations 
that it will conduct or support. The Committee recognizes and 
encourages the development of satellite servicing to benefit 
not only NASA, but the Department of Defense, the Intelligence 
Community, and the private sector. Moreover, the Committee 
directs NASA to encourage other government entities to take 
full advantage of Restore-L's capabilities.
    Solar Electric Propulsion.--The Committee provides 
$60,000,000, which is $1,600,000 greater than the fiscal year 
2020 appropriation and $11,300,000 greater than the requested 
level, for solar electric propulsion activities. According to 
NASA, high-powered solar electric propulsion can efficiently 
propel more ambitious robotic science and human exploration 
missions beyond the Earth and into deep space. Furthermore, 
solar electric propulsion will enable more efficient orbit 
transfer of spacecraft and accommodate the increasing power 
demands for government and commercial satellites.
    Flight Opportunities Program.--The Committee provides 
$30,000,000, which is $5,000,000 greater than the fiscal year 
2020 appropriation and $10,000,000 greater than the request for 
the Flight Opportunities Program, to enable NASA to continue to 
partner with commercial industry to advance technologies for 
sub-orbital and orbital launch vehicles for small payloads, 
with the aim to increase affordability of those technologies 
and to allow for more frequent access to relevant launch 
environments, including low-Earth orbit. This funding fills a 
research gap by offering several minutes of microgravity 
research at a relatively low price. Of this amount, not less 
than $5,000,000 is dedicated for competitively selected 
opportunities in support of payload development and flight of 
K-12 and collegiate educational payloads. The Committee 
encourages NASA to leverage the Flight Opportunities Program 
for flights of payloads spanning the Agency's mission 
directorates, including Science, Human Exploration, and STEM 
Engagement, and for cross-cutting mission objectives, including 
both science and education.
    Other Technology Demonstration, Archinaut.--The Committee 
provides $20,500,000 for On Orbit Servicing and Manufacturing 
Demonstration-2. In partnership with commercial industry, NASA 
develops and demonstrates technologies required to manufacture, 
assemble, and aggregate large and/or complex systems in space 
utilizing robotic and additive manufacturing technology.
    Nuclear thermal propulsion technology.--The Committee 
provides $110,000,000, which is equal to the fiscal year 2020 
enacted amount, and $110,000,000 greater than the 
Administration's requested level, which would have eliminated 
the program, for continued development and demonstration of a 
nuclear thermal propulsion system. The Committee looks forward 
to receiving a plan for the design of a flight demonstration, 
as directed in the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2020 (Public Law 116-93). To date, 
the Committee has not received this plan that was directed 
within 180 days of enactment.

                              EXPLORATION

    The Committee provides $6,017,600,000 for Exploration, 
which is equal to the fiscal year 2020 appropriation and 
$2,744,100,000 below the requested level.
    Orion.--The Committee provides $1,400,500,000, which is 
$6,200,000 less than the fiscal year 2020 appropriation and 
equal to the requested level for Orion. NASA shall keep the 
Committee informed of the status of activities related to 
Orion, the European Service Module, and ongoing activities 
related to integration of Orion with Space Launch System and 
associated ground infrastructure.
    Space Launch System (SLS).--The Committee provides 
$2,600,000,000, an increase of $14,100,000 above fiscal year 
2020 and $342,900,000 above the Administration's request. 
Within the amount provided, not less than $400,000,000 is 
provided for SLS Block 1B Development, $400,000,000 above the 
Administration's request. Additionally, the Committee 
encourages NASA to study the procedures required to designate 
an integrator for private sector customers who wish to acquire 
an SLS vehicle. Additionally, the Committee directs NASA to 
engage an independent reviewer with aerospace production 
management experience to conduct a review of SLS completion 
costs and provide such reviewer with direct access to SLS 
program managers and production and pricing data, to determine 
how the cost of future flights of the SLS can be reduced. 
Further, the Committee directs NASA to undertake all work 
necessary in fiscal year 2021 toward completion of the SLS 
Block 1B as though the Block 1B were in the critical path for 
Exploration Mission-3. Additionally, NASA shall make necessary 
facility modifications to accommodate SLS Block 1B missions.
    Exploration Ground Systems (EGS).--The Committee provides 
$459,700,000, which is $130,300,000 less than the fiscal year 
2020 appropriation and $75,000,000 greater than the requested 
level, for Exploration Ground Systems (EGS). Within this 
amount, the Committee provides $75,000,000 for the Second 
Mobile Launcher (ML-2). ML-2 is the ground structure that will 
be used to assemble, process, and launch the SLS Block 1B 
rocket and Orion spacecraft from launch complex LC-39B.
    Advanced Cislunar and Surface Capabilities.--The 
recommendation includes funding for Advanced Cislunar and 
Surface Capabilities. As part of the formulation of the fiscal 
year 2022 budget request, the Committee directs NASA to assess 
use of current partnerships as well as new public-private 
partnerships, for services from large lunar cargo delivery 
systems. As part of this assessment, the Committee directs NASA 
to evaluate the possibility of demonstration missions from 
large lunar cargo delivery systems prior to any operational 
mission.
    Lunar Lander Development.--Funding is provided for the 
lunar lander office to lead the support of NASA's lunar lander 
development oversight.

                            SPACE OPERATIONS

    The Committee provides $4,052,200,000 for Space Operations, 
which is $88,000,000 below the fiscal year 2020 appropriation 
and $135,100,000 below the requested level.
    Commercial Crew and Cargo Program.--Within the amounts 
provided for Space Operations, the recommendation includes 
$1,778,000,000 for the Commercial Crew and Cargo program. The 
Committee strongly encourages NASA to invest these funds into a 
diverse group of cargo suppliers, with varying capabilities, to 
be able to meet future mission sizes, needs, and goals.
    21st Century Launch Complex Program.--Within the amounts 
provided for Space Operations, the recommendation includes up 
to the fiscal year 2020 levels for the 21st Century Launch 
Complex Program. The Committee remains concerned with efforts 
directed toward filling critical maintenance, capacity, and 
range safety gaps at NASA launch facilities.
    Rocket Propulsion Test program.--The Committee provides the 
requested amount for the Rocket Propulsion Test program, which 
is $1,100,000 greater than the fiscal year 2020 appropriation.
    In-Space Manufacturing.--The Committee encourages NASA to 
continue its efforts to develop partnerships with universities 
to leverage efforts, complement ongoing work, and fill gaps in 
the development of manufacturing, recycling systems, and 
processes designed to operate in the space environment. 
Specifically, the partnership should have a special focus on 
in-situ generated materials, recycling, workforce development, 
and commercialization. As NASA missions accelerate, there will 
be an increased need to support sustainable missions. More 
sustainable exploration missions will need to be more flexible 
by providing in-space and on-surface manufacturing, as well as 
on-orbit servicing and assembly capabilities. Such capabilities 
have the potential to produce significant cost savings and 
reduce mission risks by reducing launch mass and giving in-
space options rather than reliance on spares.
    Active Debris Removal.--To support remediation efforts as 
well as future commercial ventures in active debris removal 
(ADR), the Committee urges NASA to develop a comprehensive 
strategy to transition technology concepts resulting from its 
investments in Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR), Small 
Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs, and Space 
Technology Research, Development, Demonstration, and Infusion 
(REDDI) programs to the commercial space industry.
    Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS).--
The Committee is aware of an independent review commissioned by 
NASA in August 2019 regarding the Center for the Advancement of 
Science in Space (CASIS). The report, completed on February 4, 
2020 but not released until April 6, 2020, sharply criticized 
and found serious issues with the management of the 
International Space Station National Laboratory (ISSNL) by 
CASIS, the nonprofit organization contracted by NASA to manage 
the ISSNL. The independent review team found fundamental issues 
with how the ISSNL was set up, including its inability to do 
work for NASA. The report stated, ``To preclude the ISSNL from 
conducting work for its sponsor meets neither the spirit nor 
intent of a National Laboratory.'' The panel found that the 
agreement between NASA and CASIS was poorly structured, lacking 
flexibility, resulting in unprofessional behavior on the part 
of NASA and un-businesslike behavior on the part of CASIS. 
Further, the report found that there was no representation for 
the user community and that there is little insight into how 
projects are selected for flight by CASIS. The panel made 
several recommendations for improving the management of CASIS 
and the ISS National Lab, many of which NASA accepted and has 
ensured that it will take steps to implement. The Committee 
expects NASA to adhere to its commitment to implement the panel 
recommendations and directs that NASA and CASIS brief the 
Committee within 90 days of the enactment of this Act regarding 
its actions.
    Commercial LEO Development.--The agreement includes 
$15,000,000 for Commercial LEO Development. As NASA works to 
develop a commercial ecosystem in low-Earth orbit, the 
Committee encourages NASA to continue working with U.S. 
industry to support supply-side proposals and demand-side 
proposals, including in-space manufacturing and regenerative 
medicine flight demonstrations. Not later than 180 days after 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall conduct an 
assessment of the costs, benefits, and challenges of 
repurposing launch vehicle upper stages as free-flying 
platforms for habitation or industrial modules.
    Domestic Launch Services.--The Committee recognizes that 
global competition in the space launch market is increasing and 
the United States remains the only nation with domestic 
competition. The Committee also recognizes that NASA is 
dependent on a healthy domestic industrial base and first-rate 
space transportation infrastructure for United States launch 
providers and that the U.S. Government has made and continues 
to make major, strategic investments in the Nation's space 
transportation capabilities. Therefore, the Committee 
underscores the value of using domestic launch providers, U.S.-
manufactured launch vehicles, and U.S. launch sites.

  SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) ENGAGEMENT

    The Committee provides $126,000,000 for Science, 
Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Engagement, 
which is $6,000,000 greater than the fiscal year 2020 
appropriation. Once again, the Administration requested no 
funding for STEM Engagement. The Committee expects NASA to 
continue implementing the programs that follow and to ensure 
that overhead costs to support these programs do not exceed 
five percent. Further, the Committee directs NASA to include an 
adequate funding level for STEM in the fiscal year 2022 budget 
request and future requests.
    National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program.--The 
recommendation includes $50,000,000 for the Space Grant 
program, an increase of $2,000,000 above fiscal year 2020. 
Funding shall be allocated to State consortia for competitively 
awarded grants in support of local, regional, and national STEM 
needs.
    Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
(EPSCoR).--The recommendation includes $26,000,000 for EPSCoR, 
an increase of $2,000,000 above fiscal year 2020.
    Minority University Research and Education Project 
(MUREP).--The recommendation includes $38,000,000 for MUREP, an 
increase of $2,000,000 above fiscal year 2020.
    STEM Education and Accountability Projects (SEAP).--The 
recommendation includes $12,000,000 for SEAP.

                 SAFETY, SECURITY AND MISSION SERVICES

    The Committee provides $2,953,400,000 for Safety, Security, 
and Mission Services, which is $40,100,000 above the fiscal 
year 2020 appropriation and $56,500,000 less than the requested 
level. In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic 
Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included 
$60,000,000 for NASA to prevent, prepare for, and respond to 
coronavirus, domestically or internationally.
    Working Capital Fund (WCF) reporting.--NASA shall continue 
to submit quarterly reports to the Committee on the 
expenditures and unobligated balances of NASA's WCF.
    Mission Support Future Architecture Program (MAP).--Mission 
support services are the functions traditionally managed and 
operated at NASA centers and headquarters. The Committee 
directs NASA to brief the Committee on the new operating model 
and NASA's plan for ensuring maximum opportunities for small 
businesses.
    Science, Space, and Technology Education Trust Fund.--The 
Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent 
Agencies Appropriations Act of 1989 (Public Law 100-404) 
established and funded the Science, Space, and Technology 
Education Trust Fund, with the funds required to be 
subsequently invested in special issue securities, earning 
interest from the corpus fund to be credited to the Trust Fund 
for the purpose of making grants for programs directed at 
improving science, space, and technology education in the 
United States. Recipients of these grants are required to 
provide matching funds from non-Federal sources. The Committee 
is aware that, due to current interest rates, interest derived 
from the corpus fund may soon be insufficient to meet the 
levels of legally required disbursements of funds, as specified 
in the original Act. Therefore, up to $1,000,000 is made 
available from amounts under this heading, and the Committee 
urges NASA to explore alternative options for addressing this 
issue, including legislative proposals as appropriate.

       CONSTRUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND RESTORATION

    The Committee provides $419,100,000 for Construction and 
Environmental Compliance and Restoration, which is $45,700,000 
above the fiscal year 2020 appropriation and $120,000,000 below 
the requested level.
    Construction.--The recommendation includes $344,400,000 for 
Construction of Facilities, minor revitalization, planning and 
design, and demolition. Included in this amount is no less than 
$83,700,000 for two new start facilities requested by NASA, and 
no less than $25,000,000 for phase two of an ongoing 
replacement project at NASA's primary large-scale aerospace 
manufacturing facility, as assumed in the budget request.
    Environmental Compliance and Restoration.--The 
recommendation includes $74,700,000, which is $8,200,000 less 
than the fiscal year 2020 appropriation and equal to the 
requested level, for Environmental Compliance and Restoration 
activities. NASA's Environmental Compliance and Restoration 
(ECR) program cleans up hazardous materials and waste products 
released to the surface or groundwater at NASA installations, 
NASA-owned industrial plants supporting NASA activities, 
current or former sites where NASA operations have contributed 
to environmental problems, and other sites where the Agency is 
legally obligated to address hazardous pollutants. Included in 
this amount is funding to manage costs while remediating 
environmental contaminants at the Santa Susana Field 
Laboratory.
    Santa Susana Field Laboratory.--The Committee is pleased 
with the progress of building demolition at the Santa Susana 
Field Laboratory but remains concerned about soil remediation. 
The Committee understands that NASA is working with the State 
of California under the 2007 Consent Order and 2010 
Administrative Order on Consent regarding soil and groundwater 
cleanup at the site and on expediting the State's environmental 
impact report. The Committee encourages NASA to continue 
working with the State of California on cleanup of the site.

                    OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $44,200,000 for the Office of the 
Inspector General, which is $2,500,000 above fiscal year 2020 
appropriation and equal to the requested level.

                       ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

    The Committee has included the following administrative 
provisions for NASA:
    The bill includes a provision that makes funds for any 
announced prize available without fiscal year limitation until 
the prize is claimed or the offer is withdrawn.
    The bill includes a provision that establishes terms and 
conditions for the transfer of funds.
    The bill includes a provision that requires NASA to submit 
its agency spending plan at the activity level and subjects 
both the spending plan and specified changes to that plan to 
reprogramming procedures under section 505 of this Act.
    The bill includes a provision that limits the availability 
of funds for certain activities until a plan is submitted.

                      National Science Foundation

    The Committee recommends $8,548,343,000 for the National 
Science Foundation (NSF). This significant investment, which is 
$270,013,000 above fiscal year 2020 and $806,943,000 above the 
request, shows the Committee's continued support for science, 
the academic community, and the next generation of scientists, 
mathematicians, astronomers, and engineers across the country. 
The Committee underscores the importance of basic research that 
both improves the lives of Americans and expands our 
understanding of the Earth, the depths of our oceans, our solar 
system, the universe, and oceans on other planets.
    In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic 
Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included 
$75,000,000 for Research and Related Activities and $1,000,000 
for Agency Operations and Award Management to prevent, prepare 
for, and respond to coronavirus, domestically or 
internationally.
    The Committee supports infrastructure investments that 
expand our understanding of the universe and inspire students 
to pursue careers in the sciences. The Committee recognizes 
that current and future large scientific facilities represent 
an enormous investment of Federal resources that must be 
administered wisely. The Committee supports basic research in 
fundamental science areas and expects that as NSF uses the 10 
Big Ideas as a focusing tool, the funding for the fundamental 
scientific disciplines will be maintained. Within amounts 
provided, NSF shall allocate no less than fiscal year 2020 
levels to support its existing scientific research, research 
laboratories, observational networks, and other research 
infrastructure assets, including the astronomy assets, the 
current academic research fleet, Federally funded research and 
development centers, and the national high-performance 
computing centers, so that they may provide the support needed 
for cutting edge research.
    Divestment activities.--The Committee is aware that NSF is 
working with a variety of academic, private sector, and other 
government agencies with respect to the future operation of 
some of its observatories. NSF shall continue to keep the 
Committee informed regarding the status of these activities. 
Any proposal by NSF to divest the Foundation of these 
facilities shall be proposed as part of any future NSF budget 
request and is subject to NSF administrative provisions 
included in the accompanying bill.
    Innovation Corps.--The Committee recognizes the value of 
translating basic research for public benefit, and the 
recommendation includes $40,000,000 for the Innovation Corps 
program to continue to build on the initial successes of its 
highly innovative public-private partnership model and recent 
expansion of the program to additional academic institutions.
    HBCU Student Diversity and Success Research.--The Committee 
recognizes the value of understanding how students of diverse 
racial and ethnic backgrounds may succeed in an academic 
setting. Of the funds appropriated, NSF is encouraged to 
support research to identify and understand how HBCUs with 
diverse academic cultures successfully graduate African 
American students at a higher rate than other institutions; 
produce a higher rate of African American STEM students 
receiving PhDs; and instill in students a greater sense of 
well-being. Within 180 days of enactment of this Act, NSF shall 
provide a report to the Committee on how NSF funded research is 
contributing to the success of HBCUs.
    Foundation for Evidence-Based Policymaking Act 
Implementation.--Within 90 days of enactment of this Act, the 
Committee directs NSF to report on the implementation of the 
Foundations for Evidence-Based Policymaking Act of 2018 (Public 
Law 115 435) and progress being made by NSF in this area.
    Agency-wide Evidence Participation.--The Committee 
encourages NSF to develop guidance to ensure that all relevant 
internal and external stakeholders are involved in Agency-wide 
processes for prioritizing and conducting evidence generation 
activities.

                    RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $6,967,123,000 for Research and 
Related Activities, which is $229,923,000 above fiscal year 
2020 and $754,103,000 above the request. The Committee believes 
that strategic investments in the physical sciences are vitally 
important for the United States to remain the global leader in 
innovation, productivity, economic growth, and high-paying jobs 
for the future.
    This Committee commends the National Science Foundation for 
issuing its plan entitled, Increasing Access to the Results of 
Research Funded by the National Science Foundation, on March 
18, 2015. The Committee urges the National Science Foundation 
to continue its efforts of the plan and requires an update on 
the agency's activities be included in its fiscal year 2022 
budget request.
    Artificial intelligence (AI).--The Committee believes it is 
important to maintain leadership in artificial intelligence and 
commends NSF for its significant investments in this area. The 
Committee recognizes the potential of artificial intelligence 
to transform the economy, foster economic growth, support 
national security, and enhance well-being.
    To continue the progress in this emerging field, the 
Committee recommends no less than the fiscal year 2020 levels 
to support AI-related grants and interdisciplinary research 
initiatives. The committee encourages NSF to continue its 
efforts in workforce development for AI and other emerging 
technologies, with focused outreach to community colleges, 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Hispanic Serving 
Institutions, and Minority Serving Institutions.
    The Committee continues to urge NSF to invest in the 
ethical and safe development of AI. The Committee acknowledges 
receiving the NSF Leadership and Investments in Artificial 
Intelligence Research Report and further encourages NSF to 
report to the Committee on any cooperative projects on 
Artificial Intelligence between United States entities and 
international partners.
    Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
(EPSCoR).--The recommendation includes no less than 
$205,000,000 for the EPSCoR program to help targeted 
jurisdictions strengthen STEM capacity and capability to 
broaden the expertise base, impact jurisdictional economic 
growth, and develop a skilled workforce capable of generating 
high-tech jobs in all states of the nation. EPSCoR states have 
many unmet needs including equipment and computing/networking 
resources, sufficient numbers of researchers, especially at the 
graduate and post-doctoral levels, and better integration into 
regular NSF programs, which co-funding can help overcome.
    Existing astronomy assets.--The Committee underscores that 
a critical component of the nation's scientific enterprise is 
the infrastructure that supports researchers in discovery 
science, including planetary protection. Investments to advance 
the frontiers of research and education in science and 
engineering are critical to the nation's innovation enterprise. 
U.S.-based astronomy facilities continue to make groundbreaking 
discoveries and maintain excellent world-class scientific 
research. The Committee instructs NSF to sustain support for 
the programs and scientific facilities funded by the 
Astronomical Sciences Division at no less than the fiscal year 
2020 levels to maintain full scientific and educational 
operations. The Committee is aware that NSF is working with 
Federal, academic, and private sector partners to develop plans 
to share future operations and maintenance costs of NSF 
astronomical infrastructure. NSF shall keep the Committee 
informed of these activities. Further, any proposal by NSF to 
divest the Foundation of these facilities shall be proposed as 
part of any future NSF budget request and is subject to NSF 
administrative provisions included in the accompanying bill.
    Quantum initiative.--The Committee supports NSF's research 
program in quantum information science and technology in 
support of the authorized activities included in section 401 
and section 402 of the National Quantum Initiative Act (Public 
Law 115 368). This emerging field of science promises to yield 
revolutionary new approaches to computing, sensing, and 
communication. NSF should remain committed to developing and 
supporting systems that facilitate tremendous leaps in 
computational simulation, including artificial intelligence, 
storage, quantum computing, and data analyses that enable a 
broad range of scientific research. Leading edge high-
performance computing infrastructure is vital for continued 
U.S. world leadership and international scientific 
competitiveness, particularly given computational investments 
and technical achievements in high-performance computing by 
other nations. The recommendation provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2020 level for these activities.
    Historically Black Colleges and Universities Excellence in 
Research Program.--The agreement includes $20,000,000 for the 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities Excellence in 
Research Program.
    Arctic Research.--As NSF continues its Navigating the New 
Arctic program, the Committee encourages NSF to formulate 
research programs that also address non-Arctic populations in 
the continental United States, funding research and training 
initiatives that focus on global impacts of Arctic change. 
Specifically, NSF should consider change in the North Atlantic 
sector of the Arctic and resultant impacts on communities in 
North America.
    Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs).--The Committee supports the 
work of the Oceans and Human Health program to better 
understand the public health risk of environmental exposures 
and encourages NSF to continue to support research into the 
human health impacts of HABs in marine coastal regions, the 
Great Lakes Basin, and other freshwater systems. HABs 
jeopardize the integrity of drinking water resources in these 
regions. The recommendation provides no less than the fiscal 
year 2020 level for HAB research activities.
    Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences (SBE).--The 
Committee supports SBE and recognizes the fundamental 
importance of the research it supports in advancing our 
understanding of human behavior and its application to a wide 
range of human systems, including public health, national 
defense and security, education and learning, and the 
integration of human and machine. SBE funds over half of our 
nation's university-based social and behavioral science 
research but remains one of the smallest NSF directorates. The 
Committee believes this research provides an evidence-based 
understanding of the human condition, resulting in more-
informed policymaking and better-informed spending on a full 
range of national issues. The committee believes SBE-supported 
research makes the US unique among other nations and recommends 
no less than the fiscal year 2020 levels for SBE activities.
    Decadal Survey on Astronomy and Astrophysics 2020 
(Astro2020).--NSF funding enables astronomical research in the 
U.S., at facilities across the globe, and through its flagship 
observatories at NSF's National Optical-Infrared Astronomy 
Research Laboratory, the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 
the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, and the National 
Solar Observatory. NSF should continue its support for existing 
astronomical facilities in its budget planning, including 
through its Windows on the Universe Big Idea. As Congress 
awaits recommendations from the 2020 Astrophysics and Astronomy 
Decadal Survey, the Committee also reiterates its support for 
preliminary investments in emerging priority facilities, such 
as the next generation Very Large Array and the Extremely Large 
Telescopes. The Committee is aware that NSF is providing 
funding in preparation for these future facilities, and the 
Committee encourages NSF to continue to do so over the coming 
year.
    Algorithmic bias research.--The Committee encourages NSF to 
continue to partner with non-government organizations, academic 
institutions, and other government agencies including the 
National Institute of Standards and Technology, to fund 
research on algorithmic bias in artificial intelligence, 
machine learning and intelligent systems and its impacts on 
decisions related to employment, housing, creditworthiness, and 
many other areas, and to develop methods, tools, and programs 
for resolving bias within an algorithm. The Committee 
recognizes that the science sponsored through such 
collaboration is important for studying the impact that 
algorithms have on protected classes and for developing an 
understanding of what kinds of discrimination and bias 
protected classes face in these particular activities.
    The Committee directs NSF to prepare a report on artificial 
intelligence and bias. This report should include but is not 
limited to: (1) a description of the current NSF research 
related to the issue of artificial intelligence and bias; (2) 
an outline of what research could be done to better understand 
the issue of artificial intelligence and bias; (3) a 
description of current NSF initiatives to promote diversity in 
computer science and machine learning; (4) recommendations for 
what could be done to further promote diversity in computer 
science and machine learning; (5) recommendations for how NSF-
funded artificial intelligence research can help prevent biased 
results and (6) any other relevant observations or 
recommendations within the field of artificial intelligence and 
bias. Some specific topics could include transparency, 
explainability, accountability, potential adverse biases and 
effects, mitigation strategies, validation of fairness, and 
consideration of inclusivity. This report shall be made 
publicly available on the NSF website within 270 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act.
    Solar Astronomy.--The Committee commends NSF's ongoing 
efforts to partner with academic institutions and the National 
Solar Observatory (NSO) to operate the Richard B. Dunn Solar 
Telescope (DST) that provides opportunities for solar 
astronomers to continue to use DST and its associated 
instrumentation, in the continental United States, in addition 
to the Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope. The Committee 
encourages NSF to continue it partnerships to ensure this 
valuable resource is available for continued research.
    Facility Operations.--The Committee is supportive of NSF's 
role in building and operating groundbreaking research 
facilities, especially in areas that maintain or enhance U.S. 
leadership in key disciplines. Furthermore, the need for 
continued investment in world-class major research facilities 
is not expected to diminish over the coming decade. The 
Committee supports NSF's acknowledgement of the findings and 
recommendations of National Science Board Report 2018-17, 
including the Facility Operation Transition pilot program. 
Within 90 days of the enactment of this Act, NSF shall report 
to the Committee how it is implementing the report findings and 
how NSF will ensure continued health of existing facilities.

          MAJOR RESEARCH EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $243,230,000 for Major Research 
Equipment and Facilities Construction, which is equal to the 
fiscal year 2020 level and $13,480,000 above the request. The 
recommendation includes $1,000,000, as requested, for enhanced 
oversight. NSF shall continue to provide quarterly briefings to 
the Committee on the activities funded in this account.
    Antarctica Infrastructure Modernization for Science 
(AIMS).--The recommendation includes $97,890,000 for AIMS to 
replace major facilities at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. The 
Committee supports the AIMS program and the recommendations for 
increased efficiencies included in the U.S. Antarctic Program 
Blue Ribbon Panel report, More and Better Science in Antarctica 
through Increased Logistical Effectiveness.
    High Luminosity-Large Hadron Collider Upgrade (HL-LHC).--
The recommendation includes $33,000,000 for upgrades to the 
detectors at the Large Hadron Collider, as requested.
    Vera C. Rubin Observatory.--The recommendation includes 
$40,750,000, equal to the requested level, for the Vera C. 
Rubin Observatory, which was ranked as the top large ground-
based astronomy project by the National Research Council 2010 
Decadal Survey. This observatory will produce the deepest, 
widest-field sky image ever and issue alerts for moving and 
transient objects within 60 seconds of discovery.
    Mid-scale research infrastructure.--The recommendation 
includes $70,590,000, within the MREFC account, for mid-scale 
research infrastructure. The Committee commends NSF for its 
planned investments in mid-scale research infrastructure, 
including the provision of larger mid-scale instrumentation and 
the facility operation transition program to better enable 
support for facilities over their complete lifespan.
    The Committee directs NSF to report, within 180 days of the 
enactment of this Act, on the implementation of the 
recommendations in the National Science Board 2018 report 
entitled Bridging the Gap: Building a Sustained Approach to 
Mid-scale Research Infrastructure and Cyberinfrastructure at 
NSF.
    Infrastructure planning.--The Committee is concerned about 
NSF's planning for the construction and development of the 
next-generation of competitive large-scale facilities to 
support NSF-funded science disciplines, including ground-based 
telescopes. Failure to plan for the next generation of 
facilities handicaps the U.S. science community and risks our 
nation's global leadership in science. The Committee encourages 
NSF to develop a comprehensive and prioritized list of large-
scale facilities requested by NSF-supported science 
disciplines.

                     EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES

    The Committee recommends $970,000,000 for Education and 
Human Resources, which is $30,000,000 above fiscal year 2020 
and $39,070,000 above the request.
    Broadening participation programs.--To broaden the 
participation of underrepresented populations in STEM education 
programs and, ultimately, the STEM workforce, the 
recommendation provides no less than $51,000,000 for the Louis 
Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation; no less than 
$70,000,000 for the Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program; 
no less than $75,000,000 for the Advanced Technological 
Education Program; and no less than $18,000,000 for the Tribal 
Colleges and Universities Program.
    Inclusion across the Nation of Communities of Learners of 
Underrepresented Discoverers in Engineering and Science (NSF 
INCLUDES).--The Committee supports the NSF INCLUDES program, 
which is a comprehensive national initiative designed to 
enhance U.S. leadership in science, technology, engineering and 
mathematics discoveries and innovations focused on NSFs 
commitment to diversity, inclusion, and broadening 
participation in these fields. The recommendation includes no 
less than $20,000,000 for the NSF INCLUDES program.
    IUSE Program.--The Committee supports the Improving 
Undergraduate STEM Education (IUSE) Program and the 
recommendation provides no less than $95,000,000 for program 
activities.
    Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs).--Hispanic Serving 
Institutions and the HSI grant program play an important role 
in increasing the recruitment, retention, and graduation rates 
of Hispanic students pursuing STEM degrees, particularly at 
institutions of higher education that typically do not receive 
high levels of NSF funding. The recommendation includes no less 
than $48,000,000 for the HSI program.
    The Committee is concerned by the severe 
underrepresentation of Hispanic Ph.D. graduates in the STEM 
fields and directs NSF to collaborate with stakeholders in 
preparing a plan that addresses this issue and leads to an 
increase in the rate of Hispanic Ph.D. graduates in the STEM 
fields. NSF shall report back to the Committee on the status of 
this plan not later than 120 days after the enactment of this 
Act.
    Historically Black Colleges and Universities Undergraduate 
Program (HBCU-UP).--The recommendation provides no less than 
$38,000,000 for the HBCU-UP. This initiative provides strategic 
programs and opportunities for Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities (HBCUs) that stimulate sustainable improvement in 
their research and development capacity and competitiveness. 
The Committee encourages NSF to continue to use research 
infrastructure improvement grants, co-funding programs, and 
other innovative mechanisms to boost HBCU participation and 
capacity throughout NSF research programs.
    Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-Serving 
Institutions (AANAPISIs).--The Committee notes that among the 
minority-serving institutions with whom NSF provides grant 
opportunities, AANAPISIs are not designated. The Committee 
urges NSF to increase grant funding opportunities for 
AANAPISIs, and to reach out to these institutions to raise 
awareness regarding these grants.
    Computer Science for All (CSforAll).--CSforAll will help 
facilitate research into effective approaches to the teaching 
and learning of computer science across grades Pre-K-12; it is 
critical to NSF's mission and to ensure America's children are 
prepared for a 21st century economy. The Committee supports 
this new program and is encouraged by its promise.
    Early Childhood STEM Education.--The Committee urges NSF, 
in awarding grants under its Discovery Research Pre-K-12 
program, to consider age distribution in order to more 
equitably allocate funding for research studies with a focus on 
early childhood.
    Cybersecurity research.--The Committee encourages NSF to 
form partnerships with Hispanic Serving Institutions and 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities with respect to 
cybersecurity research.
    CyberCorps.--The Committee provides no less than 
$58,000,000 for CyberCorps: Scholarships for Service program 
and urges NSF to use the CyberCorps Faculty Fellows pilot 
program to address the critical shortage of cybersecurity 
faculty in U.S. institutions of higher education. In addition, 
the Committee urges NSF to continue work with qualified 
community colleges including through providing scholarships and 
apprenticeship opportunities.

                 AGENCY OPERATIONS AND AWARD MANAGEMENT

    The Committee recommends $345,640,000 for Agency Operations 
and Award Management, which is $8,740,000 above fiscal year 
2020 and the same as the request.

                  OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD

    The Committee recommends $4,500,000 for the National 
Science Board, which is the same as fiscal year 2020 and 
$290,000 above the request.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $17,850,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General, which is $1,350,000 above fiscal year 2020 
and the equal to the request.

                       ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The bill includes a provision that establishes thresholds 
for the transfer of funds.
    The bill includes a provision regarding notification prior 
to acquisition or disposal of certain assets.

                                TITLE IV


                            RELATED AGENCIES


                       Commission on Civil Rights


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $12,000,000 for the Commission on 
Civil Rights, which is $1,500,000 above fiscal year 2020 and 
$1,935,000 above the request.
    Field Hearings.--The Committee encourages the Commission to 
conduct field hearings on priority civil rights topics such as 
policing, fair housing, and the Census.
    Policing Reform.--The Committee commends the Commission for 
its report, Police Use of Force: An Examination of Modern 
Policing Practices, and directs the Commission to continue 
disseminating the findings and recommendations on 
constitutional policing reform found in that and other related 
Commission reports. The Committee provides additional funding 
in support of the Commission's efforts to further research and 
advise on this topic.
    Donations.--The Committee includes bill language granting 
the Commission the authority to accept donations to carry out 
its mission, similar to authority provided to 45 other Federal 
agencies. The Commission shall provide to the Committee 
quarterly updates on all gifts and donations, as well as the 
terms of, and specific activities funded by, the gift or 
donation. Additionally, anticipated funding from gifts or 
donations shall be included in the Commission's annual spend 
plan.
    Territories.--Within the amount provided, the Committee 
directs the Commission to establish Advisory Committees in 
Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and 
the Northern Marianas Islands, as well as to provide for 
appropriate staffing and related costs. The Committee believes 
it is important to provide these territories with equal 
resources to shed light on ongoing civil rights concerns under 
the American flag.

                Equal Employment Opportunity Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $408,700,000 for the Equal 
Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which is $19,200,000 
above fiscal year 2020 and $46,219,000 above the request. The 
recommended additional funding is provided to increase front-
line and investigative staff to reduce wait times for intake 
appointments, provide live help via the hotlines, modernize 
information technology, and to collect information required by 
the revised EEO 1 form.
    Summary of Equal Pay Data and Report.--Within the amount 
provided, the EEOC shall analyze summary pay information 
collected through the revised EEO I form for 2017 and 2018, 
publish a publicly available report describing the methodology 
of results of the analysis, and develop a revised proposal for 
collecting pay data from employers, including a process and 
timeline for doing so.
    Within 90 days of the enactment of this Act, the EEOC shall 
submit a report to the House Appropriations Committee setting 
forth a timeline and process for analyzing the summary pay 
information collected through the revised EEO I form, and for 
publishing a publicly available report describing the 
methodology and the results of the analysis. The Committee 
encourages the Commission's report to include an analysis of 
the feasibility of disaggregating pay data by industry, by role 
or position, and with data disaggregated by race, ethnicity, 
and gender.

                     International Trade Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $105,000,000 for the International 
Trade Commission (ITC), which is $5,600,000 above fiscal year 
2020 and $5,400,000 above the request.
    The Committee recognizes the Nation's diverse and unique 
geographic regions allow for year-round availability of a 
variety of agricultural produce important to U.S. consumers. 
However, the Committee is concerned that some regions that 
specialize in seasonal produce that may only be grown during 
certain months of the year are also vulnerable to competition 
and unfair trade practices from foreign markets. Therefore, the 
Committee directs the ITC to study the effects of seasonal 
produce dumping, how it impacts different geographic regions 
throughout the year, and existing challenges to addressing 
these issues.

                       Legal Services Corporation


               PAYMENT TO THE LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The Committee recommends $465,000,000 for the Legal 
Services Corporation (LSC), which is $25,000,000 above fiscal 
year 2020 and $446,800,000 above the request.
    In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic 
Security Act (CARES Act) (Public Law 116-136) included 
$50,000,000 for payment to the Legal Services Corporation to 
prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus, domestically 
or internationally.
    LSC is a nonprofit corporation established to promote equal 
access to justice and to provide grants for high-quality civil 
legal assistance to low-income persons. LSC grants help the 
most vulnerable people, including thousands of low-income 
individuals, veterans, children, families and seniors with 
civil legal assistance with matters addressing family law, 
including domestic violence, child support, and custody, as 
well as with housing matters, including evictions and 
foreclosures. The recommended funding level includes 
$423,400,000 for basic field grants, an increase of $20,700,000 
above fiscal year 2020.The increased funding will enable LSC's 
grantees to expand their outreach and assist more low-income 
Americans. With State, local, pro bono, and private sources 
underfunded, LSC is critical to closing the access-to-justice 
gap.
    Evictions.--The Committee continues to be concerned with 
the high rate of evictions in certain States and territories 
and the limited available legal aid. LSC should continue its 
plan to conduct and publish an analysis regarding areas within 
States and territories with high rates of unmet legal needs 
involving evictions and with consideration of variations in 
local laws. LSC should use data regarding eviction rates, 
availability of legal aid or other free legal advocates, and 
differences among laws and procedures affecting evictions in 
different areas. In addition, LSC is urged to explore 
opportunities to increase access to eviction-related legal aid 
in such States and territories, including through LSC's Pro 
Bono Innovation Fund.

          ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION--LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The bill continues certain restrictions on the uses of LSC 
funding.

                        Marine Mammal Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee was disappointed by the proposal to close the 
Marine Mammal Commission and rejects that proposal. Instead the 
recommendation includes $3,769,000 for the critical ongoing 
work of the commission to protect these important species.

            Office of the United States Trade Representative

    The Committee recommends $70,000,000 for the Office of the 
U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), which is $1,000,000 above 
fiscal year 2020 and $3,000,000 below the request. In addition, 
Title IX of the United States-Mexico-Canada Implementation 
(USMCA) Act (Public Law 116-113) included $90,000,000 in 
supplemental appropriations for obligation until fiscal year 
2023. The Committee reminds USTR of the quarterly expenditure 
report directed in House Report 116-101. The Committee directs 
the continuation of this report for fiscal year 2021 and 
expects the inclusion of all funds provided to USTR, including 
supplemental appropriations. Further, the report should include 
information on staffing and hires that are supporting the 
implementation of the USMCA. The report is due no later than 30 
days after the end of each quarter in the fiscal year.
    Bilateral Trade Agreements.--As the USTR continues multiple 
and simultaneous bilateral trade agreement discussions on 
behalf of the United States with various countries, including 
China and India, the Committee encourages USTR to continue to 
prioritize key U.S. export markets to ensure U.S. exporters are 
treated fairly, and where applicable, USTR is encouraged to 
prioritize resources to monitor compliance with trade 
obligations and enforce terms of such agreements. The Committee 
supports USTR's work to provide equitable market access for 
United States exports, including American-produced boric acid 
and American-grown almonds, pistachios, and walnuts, in India, 
and fresh citrus and other specialty crops, in China, and urges 
USTR to continue to prioritize fair treatment for American 
companies and enforcement of all of our trading partners' 
obligations.
    Section 505 Notifications.--The Committee was disappointed 
to learn that USTR announced the creation of a new Office of 
American Competitiveness and Enterprise and began advertising 
for new positions for this office both internally and 
externally without notifying the Committee. The Committee 
reminds USTR that the creation of a new office within its 
organization requires notification to the Committees on 
Appropriations in accordance with section 505 of this Act and 
prior Appropriations Acts.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $55,000,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of USTR, which is $1,000,000 above fiscal year 2020 
and $5,000,000 below the request.

                      TRADE ENFORCEMENT TRUST FUND

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $15,000,000, which is to be 
derived from the Trade Enforcement Trust Fund, for trade 
enforcement activities authorized by the Trade Facilitation and 
Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 (``TFTEA'').
    The recommendation is $2,000,000 above the request and 
equal to the amount for fiscal year 2020.

                        State Justice Institute


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $7,700,000 for the State Justice 
Institute, which is $1,145,000 above fiscal year 2020.
    The additional funding is provided to enhance the 
Institute's efforts to help State courts address the opioid 
epidemic. The Committee expects the Institute to make 
addressing the opioid epidemic a priority.

                                TITLE V


                           GENERAL PROVISIONS


                        (INCLUDING RESCISSIONS)

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    Section 501 prohibits the use of funds for publicity or 
propaganda purposes unless expressly authorized by law.
    Section 502 prohibits any appropriation contained in this 
Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless expressly authorized.
    Section 503 provides that the expenditure of any 
appropriation contained in this Act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 504 provides that if any provision of this Act or 
the application of such provision to any person or circumstance 
shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the 
application of other provisions shall not be affected.
    Section 505 prohibits a reprogramming of funds that: (1) 
creates or initiates a new program, project, or activity; (2) 
eliminates a program, project, or activity; (3) increases funds 
or personnel by any means for any project or activity for which 
funds have been denied or restricted; (4) relocates an office 
or employees; (5) reorganizes or renames offices, programs, or 
activities; (6) contracts out or privatizes any function or 
activity presently performed by Federal employees; (7) augments 
funds for existing programs, projects, or activities in excess 
of $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, or reduces by 10 
percent funding for any program, project, or activity, or 
numbers of personnel by 10 percent; or (8) results from any 
general savings, including savings from a reduction in 
personnel, which would result in a change in existing programs, 
projects, or activities as approved by Congress, unless the 
House and Senate Committees on Appropriations are notified 15 
days in advance of such reprogramming of funds.
    Section 506 provides that if it is determined that any 
person intentionally affixes a ``Made in America'' label to any 
product that was not made in America that person shall not be 
eligible to receive any contract or subcontract made with funds 
made available in this Act. The section further provides that 
to the extent practicable, with respect to purchases of 
promotional items, funds made available under this Act shall be 
used to purchase items manufactured, produced, or assembled in 
the United States or its territories or possessions.
    Section 507 requires quarterly reporting on the status of 
balances of appropriations.
    Section 508 provides that any costs incurred by a 
department or agency funded under this Act resulting from, or 
to prevent, personnel actions taken in response to funding 
reductions in this Act, or, for the Department of Commerce, 
from actions taken for the care and protection of loan 
collateral or grant property, shall be absorbed within the 
budgetary resources available to the department or agency, and 
provides transfer authority between appropriation accounts to 
carry out this provision, subject to reprogramming procedures.
    Section 509 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco 
products or to seek the reduction or removal of foreign 
restrictions on the marketing of tobacco products, except for 
restrictions that are not applied equally to all tobacco or 
tobacco products of the same type. This provision is not 
intended to impact routine international trade services to all 
U.S. citizens, including the processing of applications to 
establish foreign trade zones.
    Section 510 limits the obligation of receipts deposited 
into the Crime Victims Fund to $2,650,000,000 during fiscal 
year 2021. The language also provides for a tribal set-aside.
    Section 511 prohibits the use of Department of Justice 
funds for programs that discriminate against or denigrate the 
religious or moral beliefs of students participating in such 
programs.
    Section 512 prohibits the transfer of funds made available 
in this Act to any department, agency or instrumentality of the 
United States Government, except for transfers made by, or 
pursuant to authorities provided in, this Act or any other 
appropriations Act.
    Section 513 requires the Inspectors General of the 
Departments of Commerce and Justice, the National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, and 
the Legal Services Corporation to conduct reviews of activities 
funded in this Act and requires certifications regarding 
conflicts of interest.
    Section 514 prohibits funds for acquisition of certain 
information systems unless the acquiring department or agency 
has reviewed and assessed certain risks. Any acquisition of 
such an information system is contingent upon the development 
of a risk mitigation strategy and a determination that the 
acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section shall consult with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other relevant agencies when 
reviewing supply chain risks and making a determination that 
the acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section is directed to ensure it is 
following the criteria established by the FBI and the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology when acquiring or 
renewing certain information systems. Each department or agency 
covered under this section shall submit a quarterly report to 
the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate 
describing reviews and assessments of risk made pursuant to 
this section and any associated findings or determinations.
    Section 515 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to support or justify the use of torture by any 
official or contract employee of the United States Government.
    Section 516 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to include certain language in trade agreements.
    Section 517 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to authorize or issue a national security letter (NSL) 
in contravention of certain laws authorizing the FBI to issue 
NSLs.
    Section 518 requires congressional notification regarding 
any project within the Departments of Commerce or Justice, the 
National Science Foundation or the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration totaling more than $75,000,000 that has 
cost increases of 10 percent or more.
    Section 519 deems funds for intelligence or intelligence 
related activities as authorized by Congress during fiscal year 
2021 until the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
for fiscal year 2021.
    Section 520 prohibits contracts or grant awards in excess 
of $5,000,000 unless the prospective contractor or grantee 
certifies that the organization has filed all Federal tax 
returns, has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and has no unpaid Federal tax 
assessment.

                             (RESCISSIONS)

    Section 521 provides for rescissions of unobligated 
balances from the Departments of Commerce and Justice.
    Section 522 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act for the purchase of first class or premium air travel 
in contravention of certain Federal regulations.
    Section 523 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to pay for the attendance of more than 50 department 
or agency employees, who are stationed in the United States, at 
any single conference outside the United States, except for 
certain law enforcement and scientific conferences.
    Section 524 requires tracking and reporting of undisbursed 
balances in expired grant accounts.
    Section 525 requires funds, to the extent practicable, to 
be used to purchase light bulbs that are ``Energy Star'' 
qualified or have the ``Federal Energy Management Program'' 
designation.
    Section 526 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
(NASA), the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) or 
the National Space Council (NSC) to engage in bilateral 
activities with China or a Chinese-owned company unless the 
activities are authorized by subsequent legislation or NASA, 
OSTP or NSC after consultation with the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation have made a certification pursuant to subsections 
(c) and (d) of this section.
    Section 527 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to establish or maintain a computer network that does 
not block pornography, except for law enforcement or victim 
assistance purposes.
    Section 528 requires each department and agency funded in 
the bill to submit spending plans.
    Section 529 prohibits funds to pay for award or incentive 
fees for contractors with below satisfactory performance or 
performance that fails to meet the basic requirements of the 
contract.
    Section 530 prohibits funds from being used by the 
Department of Justice or Drug Enforcement Administration in 
contravention of section 7606 of Agricultural Act of 2014.
    Section 531 prohibits the Department of Justice from 
preventing certain States and territories from implementing 
State or territory laws regarding the use of medical marijuana.
    Section 532 requires a quarterly report from the Department 
of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
and the National Science Foundation on official travel to 
China.
    Section 533 requires not less than 10 percent of the funds 
provided for certain programs be provided to persistent poverty 
counties or any territory or possession of the United States.
    Section 534 clarifies that the formulation and development 
cost of the James Webb Space Telescope, as specified in 
division B of Public Law 116-93, shall not include any costs 
directly related to preventing, preparing for, and responding 
to the impacts of a global pandemic health crisis.
    Section 535 prohibits funds for the Census Bureau to use 
information or records through data sharing agreements in 
contravention of existing law, including sections 9 and 214 of 
title 13, United States Code.
    Section 536 prohibits funds to move a Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives facility.
    Section 537 prohibits funds for the Census Bureau to 
compile or produce certain data products or tabulations under 
certain circumstances.
    Section 538 prohibits funds from being used to implement 
the Attorney General Memorandum dated November 7, 2018, 
entitled ``Principles and Procedures for Civil Consent Decrees 
and Settlement Agreements with State and Local Governmental 
Entities''.
    Section 539 prohibits funds from being used to carry out or 
support any law enforcement action taken to support or control 
a crowd or public demonstration, unless the law enforcement 
officer wears clearly visible identification of the law 
enforcement agency that vests such individual with authority to 
carry out or support such action.
    Section 540 prohibits funding for salaries and expenses of 
more than five political and Presidential appointees in the 
Bureau of the Census.
    Section 541 prohibits funding to enable the United States 
Attorney General to travel more than 50 miles from the Robert 
F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in the District of 
Columbia.
    Section 542 amends section 510 of division B of Public Law 
116-93.

            House of Representatives Reporting Requirements

    The following materials are submitted in accordance with 
various requirements of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives:

                          FULL COMMITTEE VOTES

              [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is a statement of 
general performance goals and objectives for which this measure 
authorizes funding: The Committee on Appropriations considers 
program performance, including a program's success in 
developing and attaining outcome-related goals and objectives, 
in developing funding recommendations.

                          Rescission of Funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following table is submitted 
describing the rescissions recommended in the accompanying 
bill:

 
 
 
Department of Commerce:
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,         $10,000,000
     Fisheries Enforcement Asset Forfeiture Fund......
Department of Justice:
    Working Capital Fund..............................        75,000,000
    Office of Justice Programs........................        70,000,000
    Community Oriented Policing Services..............        15,000,000
 

                           Transfers of Funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is submitted describing 
the transfers of funds provided in the accompanying bill:
    In title I, under Bureau of the Census, Periodic Censuses 
and Programs, language is included to transfer funds to the 
Department of Commerce, Office of Inspector General.
    Under U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included to transfer funds to the Civil 
Service Retirement and Disability Fund, the Federal Employees 
Health Benefit Fund, the Federal Employees Group Life Insurance 
Fund, and the Department of Commerce, Office of Inspector 
General.
    Under National Institute of Standards and Technology, 
Scientific and Technical Research and Services, language is 
included allowing for transfers to the Working Capital Fund.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Operations, Research, and Facilities, language is included to 
transfer funds from the Promote and Develop Fishery Products 
and Research Pertaining to American Fisheries fund.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction, language is 
included to transfer funds to the Department of Commerce, 
Office of the Inspector General.
    Under Office of the Inspector General, language is included 
to transfer funds from the Public Safety Trust Fund.
    Section 103 provides language for the transfer of funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriations in certain 
circumstances.
    In title II, under General Administration, Justice 
Information Sharing Technology, language is included allowing 
for the transfer of funds.
    Under General Administration, Executive Office for 
Immigration Review, language is included to transfer funds to 
the Executive Office for Immigration Review from fees deposited 
in the Immigration Examinations Fee account.
    Under Legal Activities, Salaries and Expenses, General 
Legal Activities, language is included allowing for the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under Legal Activities, Salaries and Expenses, Community 
Relations Service, language is included allowing for the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under National Security Division, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included to allow the transfer of funds in certain 
circumstances.
    Under Federal Prison System, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included to allow the transfer of funds to the 
Department of Health and Human Services.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Office on 
Violence Against Women, Violence Against Women Prevention and 
Prosecution Programs, language is included to allow the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, State and 
Local Law Enforcement Assistance, language is included to allow 
the transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Public 
Safety Officer Benefits, language is included to allow the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under Community Oriented Policing Services, Community 
Oriented Policing Services Programs, language is included to 
allow the transfer of funds to the Office of Justice Programs.
    Section 210 provides language for the transfer of funds 
between certain grant funds and the National Institute of 
Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
    In title III, under National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, Administrative Provisions, language is included 
allowing for the transfer of funds between appropriations.
    Under National Science Foundation, Administrative 
Provisions, language is included allowing for the transfer of 
funds among appropriations.
    Under United States Trade Representative, Trade Enforcement 
Trust Fund, language is included providing for the transfer of 
funds.
    Under General Provisions, Section 508 provides for the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under General Provisions, Section 510 provides for the 
transfer of funds to the Department of Justice, Office of 
Inspector General.

   Disclosure of Earmarks and Congressionally Directed Spending Items

    Neither the bill nor the report contains any Congressional 
earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as 
defined in clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives.

          Compliance With Rule XIII, Cl. 3(e) (Ramseyer Rule)

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italics, existing law in which no change 
is proposed is shown in roman):

 SECTION 151 OF THE FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEARS 
                             1990 AND 1991


SEC. 151. DANGER PAY ALLOWANCE.

  The Secretary of State may not deny a request by the Drug 
Enforcement Administration [or], the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation, or the United States Marshals Service to 
authorize a danger pay allowance (under section 5928 of title 
5, United States Code) for any employee of such agency.
                              ----------                              


 COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 
                                  2020


                    (Public Law 116-93, division B)

     DIVISION B--COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES 
APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2020

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                TITLE V


                           GENERAL PROVISIONS


                        (including rescissions)


(including transfer of funds)

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 510. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts 
deposited or available in the Fund established by section 1402 
of chapter XIV of title II of Public Law 98-473 (34 U.S.C. 
20101) in any fiscal year in excess of $2,641,000,000 shall not 
be available for obligation until the following fiscal year:  
Provided, That notwithstanding section 1402(d) of such Act, of 
the amounts available from the Fund for obligation: (1) 
$10,000,000 shall be transferred to the Department of Justice 
Office of Inspector General and remain available until expended 
for crime victim-related oversight and auditing purposes 
[associated with this section]; and (2) 5 percent shall be 
available to the Office for Victims of Crime for grants, 
consistent with the requirements of the Victims of Crime Act, 
to Indian tribes to improve services for victims of crime.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


               Changes In The Application Of Existing Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(A) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following statements are 
submitted describing the effect of provisions in the 
accompanying bill that directly or indirectly change the 
application of existing law.
    Language is included for a number of accounts placing 
limitations on representation and reception allowances in order 
to restrict the amount of money that would otherwise be spent 
on these activities. The bill also provides that a number of 
appropriations shall remain available for obligation beyond the 
current fiscal year. While these provisions are not 
specifically authorized for all of the items, it is deemed 
desirable to include such language for certain programs in 
order to provide for orderly administration and effective use 
of funds.
    In title I, Department of Commerce, under International 
Trade Administration, Operations and Administration, language 
is included providing that funds may be used for engaging in 
trade promotion activities abroad, including facilitating 
business investments, expenses of grants and cooperative 
agreements, for the purposes of promoting exports of U.S. 
firms. Language is also provided allowing for full medical 
coverage for dependent members of immediate families of 
employees stationed overseas and employees temporarily posted 
overseas; travel and transportation of employees of the 
International Trade Administration; employment of Americans and 
aliens by contract for services; rental of space abroad and 
expenses of alteration, repair, or improvement; purchase or 
construction of temporary demountable exhibition structures for 
use abroad; and payment of tort claims. In addition, language 
is included regarding official representation expenses abroad, 
purchase of passenger motor vehicles for official use abroad, 
obtaining insurance on official motor vehicles, and rental of 
tie lines. Language is also recommended deriving a portion of 
available funds from fees. Furthermore, language is included 
designating funding for China antidumping and countervailing 
duty enforcement and compliance activities. Moreover, language 
is included providing for two-year availability for a portion 
of the funds. Finally, language is included regarding the 
contributions under the Mutual Educational and Cultural 
Exchange Act of 1961.
    Under Bureau of Industry and Security, Operations and 
Administration, the language provides for no-year availability 
of funds. Language is included regarding the costs associated 
with the performance of export administration field activities 
both domestically and abroad; full medical coverage for 
dependent members of immediate families of employees stationed 
overseas; employment of Americans and aliens by contract for 
services abroad; payment of tort claims; official 
representation expenses abroad; awards of compensation to 
informers; and purchase of passenger motor vehicles for 
official use and motor vehicles for law enforcement use without 
regard to any price limitation established by law. In addition, 
language is included regarding the Mutual Educational and 
Cultural Exchange Act of 1961. Finally, language is recommended 
providing that payments and contributions collected and 
accepted for materials or services may be retained for use in 
covering the cost of those activities and other communications.
    Under Economic Development Administration, Economic 
Development Assistance Programs, the language provides for no-
year availability of funds.
    Also, under Salaries and Expenses, language is included 
regarding the monitoring of approved projects.
    Under Minority Business Development Agency, Minority 
Business Development, language is included making funds 
available for fostering, promoting, and developing minority 
business enterprises, including expenses of grants, contracts 
and other agreements.
    Under Economic and Statistical Analysis, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for two-year 
availability of funds.
    Under Bureau of the Census, Current Surveys and Programs, 
language is included providing that funds may be used for 
collecting, compiling, analyzing, preparing and publishing 
statistics and for promotion, outreach and marketing 
activities.
    Also, under Periodic Censuses and Programs, language is 
included providing three-year availability of funds. Language 
is also included providing that funds may be used for 
collecting, compiling, analyzing, preparing and publishing 
statistics and for promotion, outreach and marketing 
activities. In addition, language is included providing for a 
transfer to the ``Office of Inspector General'' account for 
activities associated with carrying out investigations and 
audits related to the Bureau of the Census.
    Under National Telecommunications and Information 
Administration (NTIA), Salaries and Expenses, language is 
included permitting the Secretary of Commerce to charge Federal 
agencies for costs in spectrum management, analysis, 
operations, and related services; and to use such collections 
in telecommunications research. The language also allows the 
Secretary to retain and use as offsetting collections all funds 
transferred, or previously transferred for telecommunications 
research, engineering and activities by the Institute for 
Telecommunication Sciences of NTIA. Finally, language is 
included providing that funds so transferred shall remain 
available until expended.
    Also, under Public Telecommunications Facilities, Planning 
and Construction, language is included allowing recoveries and 
unobligated balances of funds previously appropriated to be 
available for the administration of all open grants until their 
expiration.
    Under United States Patent and Trademark Office, Salaries 
and Expenses, language is included providing that appropriated 
funds be reduced as offsetting collections are assessed and 
collected. Language is including making funds available until 
expended and providing that funds received in excess of 
appropriations be deposited in a Patent and Trademark Fee 
Reserve Fund, to be available until expended pursuant to the 
Director submitting a spending plan subject to section 505 of 
this Act, after which the funds shall be transferred to the 
Salaries and Expenses account. In addition, language is 
included limiting representation expenses. Language is also 
included regarding basic pay and certain retirement benefits. 
Additional language is included regarding USPTO's financial 
statements. Furthermore, language is included providing that 
fees and surcharges charged are available to USPTO pursuant to 
section 42(c) of title 35, United States Code. Finally, the 
language provides that an amount be transferred to the Office 
of Inspector General (OIG).
    Under National Institute of Standards and Technology 
(NIST), Scientific and Technical Research and Services, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds. In addition, language is included allowing transfers to 
the Working Capital Fund. Language is included limiting funds 
for official reception and representation expenses. Finally, 
language is included allowing NIST to provide local 
transportation for a certain fellowship program.
    Also, under Industrial Technology Services, language is 
included providing no-year availability of funds. The language 
also designates an amount for the Manufacturing Extension 
Partnership and the National Network for Manufacturing 
Innovation.
    In addition, under Construction of Research Facilities, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included regarding the submission of 
certain materials in support of construction budget requests.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
(NOAA), Operations, Research, and Facilities, language is 
included allowing for two-year availability for funds. Language 
is also included allowing maintenance, operation, and hire of 
aircraft and vessels; grants, contracts, or other payments to 
nonprofit organizations for the purposes of conducting 
activities pursuant to cooperative agreements; and relocation 
of facilities. Language is included allowing fees and donations 
received by a particular office to be retained and used for 
expenses related to certain activities. In addition, language 
is included that provides that certain funds be derived from 
various sources and restricting their use to certain 
activities. Moreover, language is included specifying that 
deviations from amounts included in the report accompanying the 
Act shall be subject to section 505 of this Act. Finally, 
language is included providing for retired pay expenses.
    Also, under Procurement, Acquisition and Construction, 
language is included providing for three-year availability for 
funds, except for construction funds, which are available until 
expended. Language is also included included providing that 
certain funds be derived from various sources. In addition, 
language is included specifying that deviations from amounts 
included in the report accompanying the Act shall be subject to 
section 505 of this Act. Language is included regarding the 
submission of certain materials in support of construction 
budget requests. Language is included transferring an amount to 
the OIG.
    In addition, under Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery, 
language is included providing for two-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included allowing the Secretary of 
Commerce to issue grants to specific States and Federally 
recognized tribes for conservation projects for listed 
endangered or threatened salmon and steelhead populations, 
populations at risk to be so listed, and for maintaining 
populations necessary for the exercise of tribal treaty fishing 
rights, and for conservation of Pacific coastal salmon and 
steelhead habitat, to be allocated under scientific and merit 
principles and not available for marketing activities; and 
requiring a State match.
    Furthermore, under Fishermen's Contingency Fund, language 
is included providing for the appropriation of funds to be 
derived from receipts collected pursuant to Title IV of Public 
Law 95 372 and provides that these funds are available until 
expended.
    Additionally, under Fishery Disaster Assistance language is 
included providing two-year availability of funds.
    Moreover, under Fisheries Finance Program Account, language 
is included placing limitations on individual fishing quota 
loans and traditional direct loans.
    Under Departmental Management, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation expenses. Further, language is included 
requiring reimbursement for Commerce employees detailed to 
offices within the Office of the Secretary of the Department of 
Commerce for more than 30 days.
    In addition, under Renovation and Modernization, language 
is included making available funds for expenses towards 
Department of Commerce facilities.
    Additionally, under the Nonrecurring Expenses Fund, 
language is included making available funds for expenses 
towards the modernization of its business application system. 
Further, language is included providing three-year availability 
of the funds.
    Moreover, under the Office of Inspector General, language 
is included making funds available for purposes of carrying out 
provisions of the Inspector General Act of 1978. Additionally, 
funds are provided from the Public Safety Trust Fund for 
activities associated with carrying out investigations and 
audits related to the First Responder Network Authority.
    Under Department of Commerce, General Provisions, the 
following general provisions that fall within the rule are 
recommended:
    Section 101 makes funds available for advanced payments 
only upon certification of officials designated by the 
Secretary that such payments are considered to be in the public 
interest.
    Section 102 makes appropriations for the Department 
available for hire of passenger motor vehicles, for services, 
and for uniforms and allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 103 provides language for the transfer of funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriations in certain 
circumstances and requires the Secretary of Commerce to notify 
the Committee of certain actions.
    Section 104 extends Congressional notification requirements 
for NOAA satellite programs and includes life cycle cost 
amounts for certain satellites.
    Section 105 provides for reimbursement for services within 
Department of Commerce buildings.
    Section 106 clarifies that grant recipients under the 
Department of Commerce may continue to deter child pornography, 
copyright infringement, or any other unlawful activity over 
their networks.
    Section 107 provides the Administrator with the authority 
to avail NOAA of needed resources, with the consent of those 
supplying the resources, to carry out responsibilities of any 
statute administered by NOAA.
    Section 108 prohibits the National Technical Information 
Service from charging customers for certain publications, 
except under certain conditions and requires charges be limited 
to recovering costs.
    Section 109 authorizes NOAA to receive payments from other 
entities to defray some costs of permitting and regulatory 
activities.
    Section 110 provides authority for the programs of the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Bureau of the Census to 
enter into cooperative agreements in order to assist in 
improving statistical methodology and research.
    In title II, Department of Justice, under General 
Administration, Salaries and Expenses, language is included 
providing for an amount for security and construction of 
Department of Justice facilities, which shall remain available 
until expended. Language is also included providing funding to 
implement section 220 of this Act related to a Task Force on 
Law Enforcement Oversight.
    Also, under Justice Information Sharing Technology, 
language is included providing that funds be available until 
expended. Language is also included allowing transfers up to a 
certain amount to this account for information technology 
initiatives, and that these funds may be transferred subject to 
requirements in this Act and shall be available until expended.
    In addition, under Executive Office for Immigration Review, 
language is included providing that an amount shall be derived 
by transfer from the Executive Office for Immigration Review 
fees deposited in the ``Immigration Examinations Fee'' account. 
Language is also included making an amount available for a two-
year period for certain purposes.
    Moreover, under Office of Inspector General, language is 
included providing for not to exceed $10,000 to meet unforeseen 
emergencies of a confidential character. Language is also 
included making certain funds available for two years.
    Under United States Parole Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing that upon the 
expiration of a term of office of a Commissioner, the 
Commissioner may continue to act until a successor has been 
appointed.
    Under Legal Activities, Salaries and Expenses, General 
Legal Activities, language is included providing not to exceed 
a certain amount for expenses of collecting evidence, to be 
expended under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely 
under the certificate of, the Attorney General. Language is 
also included providing for the administration of pardons and 
clemency petitions. Language is also included providing for 
rental of space in the District of Columbia. Language is 
included making an amount available until expended for 
litigation support contracts. In addition, language is included 
making certain funds available to INTERPOL available until 
expended. Also, language is included limiting the amount of 
funds for official representation and reception expenses 
available to INTERPOL Washington and to the Criminal Division. 
Additional language is included providing funds for the Civil 
Rights Division related to additional expenses related to 
enforcement of authorities under Titles 34 and Titles 18 of 
United States Code, including compliance with consent decrees 
or judgments. Furthermore, language is included providing funds 
to the Civil Rights Division for expenses associated with 
election monitoring, authority to reimburse the Office of 
Personnel Management for such expenses, and availability of 
such funds until expended. Language is also included regarding 
the transfer of funds for Civil Division litigation activities, 
which shall be subject to the provisions of section 505 of this 
Act.
Finally, language is included for expenses associated with 
processing cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury 
Act of 1986.
    Also, under Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust Division, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds and the use of offsetting collections, and limiting the 
amount of funds for official representation and reception 
expenses. The language also provides that fees collected for 
premerger notification filings, regardless of the year of 
collection, shall be retained and used for necessary expenses 
in this appropriation, and shall remain available until 
expended.
    In addition, under Salaries and Expenses, United States 
Attorneys, language is included regarding inter-governmental 
and cooperative agreements and limiting funds for official 
reception and representation expenses. Additional language is 
included for additional expenses related to enforcement of 
authorities under Titles 18 and 34 of the United States Code, 
including compliance with consent decrees or judgments. 
Language is also included extending the availability of certain 
funds. Finally, language is included requiring each United 
States Attorney to establish or participate in a task force on 
human trafficking.
    Furthermore, under United States Trustee System Fund, 
language is included regarding refunds due depositors. Language 
is also included providing for the extended availability of 
certain funds and the use of offsetting collections.
    Moreover, under Fees and Expenses of Witnesses, language is 
included regarding contracts for the procurement and 
supervision of expert witnesses. In addition, language is 
included regarding funds for construction of buildings for 
safesites, armored and other vehicles, and telecommunication 
equipment. The language also provides for no-year availability 
of funds. Under Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations 
Service, language is included regarding the transfer of funds 
for conflict resolution and violence prevention activities, 
which shall be subject to the provisions of section 505 of this 
Act.
    Under United States Marshals Service, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included limiting official reception and 
representation expenses, and providing for no-year availability 
for part of the appropriation.
    Also, under Construction, language is included providing 
for no-year availability of funds.
    In addition, under Federal Prisoner Detention, language is 
included providing for no-year availability of funds. Language 
is included limiting the amount of funds considered ``funds 
appropriated for State and local law enforcement assistance''. 
Language is also included providing that the United States 
Marshals Service shall be responsible for managing the Justice 
Prisoner and Alien Transportation System.
    Under National Security Division, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included providing for the no-year availability of 
funds for IT systems. Language is also included providing that 
upon a determination by the Attorney General that emergent 
circumstances require additional funding for the activities of 
the National Security Division, the Attorney General may 
transfer such amounts to this heading from available 
appropriations for the current fiscal year for the Department 
of Justice, as may be necessary to respond to such 
circumstances. The language provides that such a transfer shall 
be treated as a reprogramming under section 505 of this Act.
    Under Interagency Law Enforcement, Interagency Crime and 
Drug Enforcement, language is included providing for no-year 
availability for some of the funds. Language is also included 
regarding authorities under which funds may be used.
    Under Federal Bureau of Investigation, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of certain funds. Additional language is provided 
related to funding for the Corruption/Civil Rights Section for 
enforcement of authorities under Titles 18 and 34 of the United 
States Code, including compliance with consent decrees or 
judgments. Language is included providing for a limitation on 
official reception and representation expenses.
    Under Construction, language is included specifying the 
purpose of the appropriation and making it available until 
expended.
    Under Drug Enforcement Administration, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for funds to meet 
unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character. Language is 
also included allowing conduct of drug education and training 
programs, including travel and related expenses for 
participants in such programs and the distribution of items of 
token value that promote the goals of such programs. In 
addition, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of certain funds. Language is included providing 
for a limitation on official reception and representation 
expenses. Finally, language is included permitting use of some 
of the appropriation to reimburse expenses incurred to clean up 
and safely dispose of certain substances which may present a 
danger to public health or the environment.
    Under Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, 
Salaries and Expenses, language is included allowing training 
of State and local law enforcement agencies with or without 
reimbursement, including training in connection with the 
training and acquisition of canines for explosives and fire 
accelerants detection, and allowing provision of laboratory 
assistance to State and local law enforcement agencies, with or 
without reimbursement. Language is also included limiting 
official reception and representation expenses. In addition, 
language is included providing funds for the payment of 
attorneys' fees. Additional language is included prohibiting 
expenses to investigate or act upon applications for relief 
from Federal firearms disabilities under section 925(c) of 
title 18, United States Code. Language is further included 
regarding expenses to investigate applications filed by 
corporations for relief from section 925(c) of title 18, United 
States Code. In addition, language is included providing for 
no-year availability of certain funds. Moreover, language is 
included that prohibits funds to transfer the functions, 
missions or activities of ATF to other agencies or departments.
    Additionally, under Construction, language is included 
specifying the purpose of the appropriation and providing five-
year availability of the funds.
    Under Federal Prison System, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included making certain funds available for the 
First Step Act of 2018. Language also provides for the transfer 
to the Department of Health and Human Services funds necessary 
for medical relief for inmates. Language is also included that 
provides authority to the Director to enter into contracts to 
furnish health care. In addition, language is included placing 
a limitation on funds for reception and representation 
expenses. Furthermore, language is included extending the 
availability of certain funds. Finally, language is included 
providing authority for the Federal Prison System to accept 
donated property and services.
    Also, in Building and Facilities, language is included 
providing for no-year availability of funds. Language is also 
included stating labor of prisoners may be used for work under 
this heading.
    Additionally, under Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated, language is included authorizing Federal Prison 
Industries, Incorporated, to make such expenditures, within the 
limits of funds and borrowing authority available, and in 
accord with the law, and to make such contracts and 
commitments, without regard to fiscal year limitations, as may 
be necessary in carrying out the program set forth in the 
budget for the current fiscal year for such corporation.
    Furthermore, under Limitation on Administrative Expenses, 
Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated, language is included 
making available funds for its administrative expenses, and for 
certain services, to be computed on an accrual basis to be 
determined in accordance with the corporation's current 
prescribed accounting system, and such amounts shall be 
exclusive of depreciation, payment of claims, and expenditures 
that such accounting system requires to be capitalized or 
charged to cost of commodities acquired or produced, including 
selling and shipping expenses, and expenses in connection with 
acquisition, construction, operation, maintenance, improvement, 
protection, or disposition of facilities and other property 
belonging to the corporation or in which it has an interest.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Office on 
Violence Against Women, Violence Against Women Prevention and 
Prosecution Programs, language is included making funds 
available until expended. Language is also included placing a 
limitation on funds to be made available for expenses related 
to evaluation, training, and technical assistance. In addition, 
language is included providing for specific appropriations for 
various programs within the Office on Violence Against Women. 
Furthermore, language is included making available certain 
unobligated balances for specified programs. The language also 
applies certain conditions to specified grants. It provides for 
certain funds to be transferred to ``Research, Evaluation and 
Statistics'' for administration by the Office of Justice 
Programs.
    Under Office of Justice Programs, Research, Evaluation and 
Statistics, language is included to provide for no-year 
availability of funds. Language is also included to provide for 
specific appropriations for various programs within the Office 
of Justice Programs.
    Also, under State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance, 
language is included to provide for no-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included regarding an Officer Robert 
Wilson III Memorial Initiative on Preventing Violence Against 
Law Enforcement Officer Resilience and Survivability 
Initiative, Smart Policing, Smart Prosecution, juvenile 
indigent defense, Convention Security, a National Missing and 
Unidentified Persons System, a training program to improve 
response for those with mental illness, the John R. Justice 
grant program, Capital Litigation and Wrongful Conviction 
Review, Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution, Kevin and 
Avonte's Law, Emergency Federal Law Enforcement Assistance, 
managed access systems, regional law enforcement technology, 
Community Based Violence Prevention, family friendly visitation 
spaces in correctional facilities, Public Safety Innovation 
Grants, Law Enforcement Training, grants to improves reporting 
on the use of force, hit rates data collection demonstration 
grants, police report in jurisdictions responding to 
litigation, and the application of certain sections and special 
rules. In addition, language is included regarding Federal 
immigration and other detainees housed in State and local 
detention facilities. Language is included for an immigration 
legal aid pilot. Furthermore, language is included regarding 
local government use of funds to increase the number of law 
enforcement officers. Language is also included regarding DNA 
training and education for law enforcement, correctional 
personnel, and court officers. There is further language 
regarding certain time limitations under the Second Chance Act. 
Furthermore, language is included waiving a provision of law 
that terminated the COPS Hiring Program after September 2000. 
Language is also included regarding smart policing, smart 
prosecution, tribal law enforcement, regional information 
sharing activities, and certain police training. Additional 
language is included regarding pattern and practice 
investigations, independent prosecution of law enforcement, 
community-based improvement of law enforcement and pilot 
programs to improve management and address police misconduct. 
The language also provides for certain funds to be transferred 
to ``Research, Evaluation and Statistics''. The included 
language specifies appropriations for various programs within 
the Office of Justice Programs.
    In addition, under Juvenile Justice Programs, language is 
included providing for no-year availability of funds. Language 
is also included waiving a provision of law with respect to 
funding for missing and exploited children programs. Finally, 
the language delineates certain amounts for various programs 
under this heading.
    Furthermore, under Public Safety Officer Benefits, language 
is included providing for no-year availability of funds. 
Language is also included providing for the transfers of funds 
in emergent circumstances, which shall be subject to the 
provisions of section 505 of this Act.
    Within the COPS Hiring program, language is included 
regarding the Tribal Resources grant program, Tribal Access 
Program, Community Policing, the Regional Information Sharing 
System, Civilian Review Boards and Law Enforcement Mental 
Health and Wellness Act. In addition, the language includes 
Police Act grants, Anti-Methamphetamine and Anti-Heroin Task 
Forces as well as grants under the STOP School Violence Act.
    Under Department of Justice, General Provisions, the 
following general provisions that fall within the rule are 
recommended:
    Section 201 prohibits the use of funds to pay for an 
abortion, except in the case of incest, rape or to preserve the 
life of the mother.
    Section 202 prohibits the use of funds to require any 
person to perform or facilitate the performance of an abortion.
    Section 203 establishes that the Director of the Bureau of 
Prisons (BOP) is obliged to provide escort services to an 
inmate receiving an abortion outside of a Federal facility, 
except where this obligation conflicts with the preceding 
section.
    Section 204 prohibits the use of certain funds for 
transporting prisoners classified as maximum or high security, 
other than to a facility certified by the Bureau of Prisons as 
appropriately secure.
    Section 205 prohibits the use of funds for the purchase or 
rental by Federal prisons of audiovisual equipment, services 
and materials used primarily for recreational purposes, except 
for those items and services needed for inmate training, 
religious, or educational purposes.
    Section 206 requires review by the Deputy Attorney General 
and the Department Investment Review Board prior to the 
obligation or expenditure of funds for major information 
technology projects.
    Section 207 requires the Department to follow reprogramming 
procedures prior to any deviation from the program amounts 
specified in this title or the reuse of specified deobligated 
funds provided in previous years.
    Section 208 prohibits funding from being used for certain 
public-private competitions.
    Section 209 prohibits U.S. Attorneys from holding dual or 
additional responsibilities that exempt U.S. Attorneys from 
statutory residency requirements.
    Section 210 permits up to 2 percent of grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to OJP to be used 
for training and technical assistance, and up to 2 percent of 
grant or reimbursement funds made available to that office to 
be used for criminal justice research, evaluation and 
statistics.
    Section 211 gives the Attorney General the authority to 
waive matching requirements for Second Chance Act adult and 
juvenile reentry demonstration projects; State, tribal and 
local reentry courts; and drug treatment programs.
    Section 212 waives the requirement that the Attorney 
General reserve certain funds from amounts provided for 
offender incarceration.
    Section 213 prohibits funds, other than funds for the 
National Instant Criminal Background Check System established 
under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, from being 
used to facilitate the transfer of an operable firearm to a 
known or suspected agent of a drug cartel where law enforcement 
personnel do not continuously monitor or control such firearm.
    Section 214 places limitations on the obligation of funds 
from certain Department of Justice accounts and funding 
sources.
    Section 215 provides authority to use certain grant funding 
for Performance Partnership Pilots.
    Section 216 increases the threshold for balances in the 
United States Trustee System Fund.
    Section 217 prohibits the use of case closure metrics for 
immigration judge performance evaluations.
    Section 218 amends Section 151 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, to enable United 
States Marshals Service employees to be eligible for danger pay 
in certain circumstances.
    Section 219 prohibits funds made available under this Act 
for the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant program 
or Community Oriented Policing Services from being used unless 
the Attorney General certifies that the State or unit of local 
government (1) maintains adequate policies and procedures 
designed to eliminate racial profiling in law enforcement, and 
has eliminated any existing practices that permit or encourage 
racial profiling in law enforcement; (2) requires each law 
enforcement officer in the State or unit of local government to 
complete training programs on racial profiling, implicit bias, 
de-escalation use of force and a duty to intervene in cases 
where another law enforcement officer is using excessive force 
against a civilian, and procedural justice; (3) has in effect a 
law that prohibits law enforcement officers in the State or 
other jurisdiction from using a chokehold or carotid hold; (4) 
has in effect a law that prohibits law enforcement officers in 
the State or other jurisdiction from using less lethal force; 
(5) has in effect a law that prohibits law enforcement officers 
in the State or other jurisdiction from using deadly force, (6) 
has in effect a law that prohibits the issuance of a ``no-knock 
warrant'' in a drug case; (7) has provided the United States 
Attorney General a law enforcement practice report that 
includes information on the race, ethnicity, age, and gender of 
the officers and employees of the law enforcement agency and of 
members of the public involved in, (A) traffic violation stops, 
(B) pedestrian stops, (C) frisk and body searches, (D) 
instances where officers or employees of the law enforcement 
agency used deadly force; and (8) will not make such funds 
available to a law enforcement agency that has entered into or 
renewed any contractual arrangement, including a collective 
bargaining agreement with a labor organization, that (A) would 
prevent the Attorney General from seeking or enforcing 
equitable or declaratory relief against a law enforcement 
agency engaging in a pattern or practice of unconstitutional 
misconduct or, (B) conflicts with any terms or conditions 
contained in a consent decree.
    Section 220 establishes a National Task Force on Law 
Enforcement Oversight.
    Section 221 prohibits Department of Justice funding from 
being made available to any law enforcement agency of any 
State, unit of local government, or Federally recognized Tribal 
government unless the Attorney General has certified that such 
agency has begun or completed the process of receiving 
accreditation from a law enforcement accreditation organization 
approved by the Attorney General.
    Section 222 prohibits the awarding of funds under the Byrne 
JAG or COPS programs unless the United States Attorney General 
certifies that the recipient State or unit of local government 
has in effect a law prohibiting sexual activity while acting 
under color of law.
    In title III, Science, under Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, language is included providing that certain 
funds be available for reception and representation expenses, 
and rental of conference rooms.
    Under National Space Council, language is included 
providing that certain funds be available for reception and 
representation expenses.
    Under National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
Science, language is included providing for the two-year 
availability of funds. Language is also included regarding a 
limitation on formulation and development costs of a certain 
program with an associated notification requirement and 
language is also included concerning a planetary science 
mission.
    Also, under Aeronautics, language is included providing for 
the two-year availability of funds.
    In addition, under Space Technology, language is included 
providing for the two-year availability of funds.
    Under Exploration, language is included providing for the 
two-year availability of funds. Language is also included that 
delineates amounts for program components. Language is also 
included describing certain reports and requiring the inclusion 
of estimates in future budget requests.
    In Space Operations, language is included providing for the 
two-year availability of funds.
    Additionally, under Science, Technology, Engineering, and 
Mathematics Engagement, language is included providing for the 
multi-year availability of funds. Language is also included 
delineating amounts for program components.
    Under Safety, Security and Mission Services, language is 
included providing for the two-year availability of funds. 
Language is also included to limit official reception and 
representation expenses.
    Under Construction and Environmental Compliance and 
Restoration, language is included providing for the multi-year 
availability of funds. Language is also included restricting 
receipts and expenditures made pursuant to enhanced use lease 
arrangements and requiring the inclusion of estimates in future 
budget requests.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language is included 
providing for the two-year availability of certain funds.
    In the Administrative Provisions, language is included 
regarding: availability of funds for announced prizes; 
limitations on transfers of funds among NASA accounts; the 
submission of a spending plan; and language limiting obligation 
of certain funds pending submission of certain reports.
    Under National Science Foundation, Research and Related 
Activities, language is included that provides for the multi-
year availability of funds. Language is also included that 
governs funding availability for polar research and operation 
support. In addition, language is included providing that 
certain receipts may be credited to this appropriation.
    Also, under Major Research Equipment and Facilities 
Construction, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of funds.
    In addition, under Education and Human Resources, language 
is included providing for the multi-year availability of funds.
    Furthermore, under Agency Operations and Award Management, 
language is included regarding contracts for maintenance and 
operation of facilities and other services. Language is also 
included limiting representation expenses.
    Under Office of the National Science Board, language is 
included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language is included 
providing for the multi-year availability of certain funds.
    Under Administrative Provision, language is included 
regarding transfers of funds. Also, language is included 
requiring the Director to submit notification of certain 
activities 30 days in advance.
    In title IV, Related Agencies, under Commission on Civil 
Rights, Salaries and Expenses, language is included prohibiting 
expenses to employ in excess of a specific level of full-time 
individuals or to reimburse Commissioners for certain billable 
days. Language is also included prohibiting certain 
unauthorized activities. Finally, language is included 
authorizing the Chair to accept donations or gifts to carry out 
the work of the Commission.
    Under Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included designating an amount for 
payments to State and local enforcement agencies. Language is 
also included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation expenses. Finally, language is included 
authorizing the Chair to accept donations or gifts to carry out 
the work of the Commission.
    Under International Trade Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included limiting funds for official 
reception and representation expenses. Language is also 
included providing for no-year availability of funds.
    Under Legal Services Corporation, Payment to the Legal 
Services Corporation, language is included regarding pay for 
officers and employees. Language is also included delineating 
amounts for specific programs and regarding authorities to 
transfer funds. In addition, language is included designating 
the Legal Services Corporation as an agency of the Federal 
Government for the purposes of reprogramming.
    Under Administrative Provision, Legal Services Corporation, 
language is included that prohibits the use of funds for 
certain activities.
    Under Office of the United States Trade Representative, 
Salaries and Expenses, language is included providing for the 
no-year availability of some funds. Language is also included 
limiting funds for official reception and representation 
expenses.
    Also, under Trade Enforcement Trust Fund, language is 
included regarding certain notifications.
    Under State Justice Institute, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included limiting funds for reception and 
representation expenses. Language is also included providing 
for multi-year availability of certain funds. In addition, 
language is included designating the State Justice Institute as 
an agency of the Federal Government for the purposes of 
reprogramming.
    In title V, General Provisions, the following general 
provisions that fall within the rule are recommended:
    Section 501 prohibits the use of funds for publicity or 
propaganda purposes unless expressly authorized by law.
    Section 502 prohibits any appropriation contained in this 
Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless expressly authorized.
    Section 503 provides that the expenditure of any 
appropriation contained in this Act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 504 provides that if any provision of this Act or 
the application of such provision to any person or circumstance 
shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the 
application of other provisions shall not be affected.
    Section 505 prohibits a reprogramming of funds that: (1) 
creates or initiates a new program, project, or activity; (2) 
eliminates a program, project, or activity; (3) increases funds 
or personnel by any means for any project or activity for which 
funds have been denied or restricted; (4) relocates an office 
or employees; (5) reorganizes or renames offices, programs, or 
activities; (6) contracts out or privatizes any function or 
activity presently performed by Federal employees; (7) augments 
funds for existing programs, projects, or activities in excess 
of $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, or reduces by 10 
percent funding for any program, project, or activity, or 
numbers of personnel by 10 percent; or (8) results from any 
general savings, including savings from a reduction in 
personnel, which would result in a change in existing programs, 
projects, or activities as approved by Congress, unless the 
House and Senate Committees on Appropriations are notified 15 
days in advance of such reprogramming of funds.
    Section 506 provides that if it is determined that any 
person intentionally affixes a ``Made in America'' label to any 
product that was not made in America that person shall not be 
eligible to receive any contract or subcontract made with funds 
made available in this Act. The section further provides that 
to the extent practicable, with respect to purchases of 
promotional items, funds made available under this Act shall be 
used to purchase items manufactured, produced, or assembled in 
the United States or its territories or possessions.
    Section 507 requires quarterly reporting on the status of 
balances of appropriations.
    Section 508 provides that any costs incurred by a 
department or agency funded under this Act resulting from, or 
to prevent, personnel actions taken in response to funding 
reductions in this Act, or, for the Department of Commerce, 
from actions taken for the care and protection of loan 
collateral or grant property, shall be absorbed within the 
budgetary resources available to the department or agency, and 
provides transfer authority between appropriation accounts to 
carry out this provision, subject to reprogramming procedures.
    Section 509 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco 
products or to seek the reduction or removal of foreign 
restrictions on the marketing of tobacco products, except for 
restrictions that are not applied equally to all tobacco or 
tobacco products of the same type. This provision is not 
intended to impact routine international trade services to all 
U.S. citizens, including the processing of applications to 
establish foreign trade zones.
    Section 510 limits the obligation of receipts deposited 
into the Crime Victims Fund to $2,650,000,000 during fiscal 
year 2021, and provides for a transfer of $10,000,000 to the 
Department of Justice, Office of Inspector General for 
oversight and auditing of the fund. It also provides for a 
tribal set-aside.
    Section 511 prohibits the use of Department of Justice 
funds for programs that discriminate against or denigrate the 
religious or moral beliefs of students participating in such 
programs.
    Section 512 prohibits the transfer of funds made available 
in this Act to any department, agency or instrumentality of the 
United States Government, except for transfers made by, or 
pursuant to authorities provided in, this Act or any other 
appropriations Act.
    Section 513 requires certain timetables of audits performed 
by Inspectors General of the Departments of Commerce and 
Justice, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the 
National Science Foundation and the Legal Services Corporation 
and sets limits and restrictions on the awarding and use of 
grants or contracts funded by amounts appropriated by this Act.
    Section 514 prohibits funds for acquisition of certain 
information systems unless the acquiring department or agency 
has reviewed and assessed certain risks. Any acquisition of 
such an information system is contingent upon the development 
of a risk mitigation strategy and a determination that the 
acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section shall consult with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other relevant agencies when 
reviewing supply chain risks and making a determination that 
the acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section is directed to ensure it is 
following the criteria established by the FBI and the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology when acquiring or 
renewing certain information systems. Each department or agency 
covered under this section shall submit a quarterly report to 
the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate 
describing reviews and assessments of risk made pursuant to 
this section and any associated findings or determinations.
    Section 515 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to support or justify the use of torture by any 
official or contract employee of the United States Government.
    Section 516 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to include certain language in trade agreements.
    Section 517 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to authorize or issue a national security letter (NSL) 
in contravention of certain laws authorizing the FBI to issue 
NSLs.
    Section 518 requires congressional notification regarding 
any project within the Departments of Commerce or Justice, the 
National Science Foundation or the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration totaling more than $75,000,000 that has 
cost increases of 10 percent or more.
    Section 519 deems funds for intelligence or intelligence 
related activities as authorized by Congress during fiscal year 
2021 until the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
for fiscal year 2021.
    Section 520 prohibits contracts or grant awards in excess 
of $5,000,000 unless the prospective contractor or grantee 
certifies that the organization has filed all Federal tax 
returns, has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and has no unpaid Federal tax 
assessment.
    Section 521 provides for rescissions of unobligated 
balances from the Departments of Commerce and Justice.
    Section 522 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act for the purchase of first class or premium air travel 
in contravention of certain Federal regulations.
    Section 523 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to pay for the attendance of more than 50 department 
or agency employees, who are stationed in the United States, at 
any single conference outside the United States, unless the 
conference is a law enforcement training or operational event 
where the majority of Federal attendees are law enforcement 
personnel stationed outside the United States.
    Section 524 requires tracking and reporting of undisbursed 
balances in expired grant accounts.
    Section 525 requires, when practicable, the use of funds in 
this Act to purchase light bulbs that have the ``Energy Star'' 
or ``Federal Energy Management Program'' designation.
    Section 526 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
(NASA), the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) or 
the National Space Council (NSC) to engage in bilateral 
activities with China or a Chinese-owned company unless the 
activities are authorized by subsequent legislation or NASA, 
OSTP or NSC after consultation with the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation have made a certification pursuant to subsections 
(c) and (d) of this section.
    Section 527 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to establish or maintain a computer network that does 
not block pornography, except for law enforcement or victim 
assistance purposes.
    Section 528 requires each department and agency funded in 
the bill to submit spending plans.
    Section 529 prohibits the use of funds to pay for 
unsatisfactory contractor performance.
    Section 530 prohibits the use of funds by the Department of 
Justice or the Drug Enforcement Administration in contravention 
of a certain section of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
    Section 531 prohibits the Department of Justice from 
preventing certain States or territories from implementing 
their laws regarding the use of medical marijuana.
    Section 532 requires quarterly reports from the Department 
of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
and the National Science Foundation on official travel to 
China.
    Section 533 requires not less than 10 percent of the funds 
provided for certain programs be provided to persistent poverty 
counties.
    Section 534 makes a clarification regarding the formulation 
and development costs for the James Webb Space Telescope.
    Section 535 prohibits funds to be used by the Bureau of the 
Census in contravention of existing law.
    Section 536 prohibits funds to move a Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives facility.
    Section 537 prohibits funds from being used for the 
development of data products in connection with the 2020 
Decennial Census that do not meet specific requirements.
    Section 538 prohibits funding to implement a November 2018 
Attorney General Memorandum entitled ``Principles and 
Procedures for Civil Consent Decrees and Settlement Agreements 
with State and Local Governmental Entities''.
    Section 539 prohibits funds to carry out or support law 
enforcement actions taken to support or control a crowd or 
public demonstration unless certain clearly visible law 
enforcement identification is worn.
    Section 540 prohibits funds for the salaries and expenses 
of more than five political and presidential appointees in the 
Bureau of the Census.
    Section 541 prohibits funds to pay for Attorney General 
travel more than 50 miles from the Robert F. Kennedy Department 
of Justice Building in the District of Columbia.
    Section 542 amends section 510 of division B of Public Law 
116-93.

                  Appropriations Not Authorized By Law

    The Committee, in a number of instances, has found it 
necessary to recommend funding for ongoing activities and 
programs for which authorizations have not been enacted to 
date. Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(B) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the following table lists the 
appropriations in the accompanying bill that are not authorized 
by law for the period concerned:

                                           UNAUTHORIZED APPROPRIATIONS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Authorization    Appropriations in
                  Program                    Last year of    level in year of     last year of    Appropriations
                                             authorization    authorizations     authorization     in this bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Department of Commerce:
    International Trade Administration:
        Operations and Administration:
            Export Promotion Activities...            1996          such sums            264,885               *
    Bureau of Industry and Security:
        Operations and Administration.....            1994          such sums             34,747         137,664
    Economic Development Administration:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            2008          Such sums             30,832          42,000
        Economic Development Assistance     ..............            Various  .................         314,000
         Programs.........................
            Public Works and Economic                 2008            500,000            349,100               *
             Development Act Programs.....
    Minority Business Development Agency:
        Minority Business Development.....             n/a                n/a                n/a          52,000
    Economics and Statistics
     Administration:
        Salaries and Expenses.............             n/a                n/a                n/a         111,855
    National Telecommunications and
     Information Administration:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            1993             17,900             18,493          45,500
    National Institute of Standards and
     Technology:
        Scientific and Technical Research             2013            676,700            609,514         789,000
         and Services.....................
        Industrial technology services....            2013            241,709            140,316         170,000
            Manufacturing extension                   2013          (165,100)          (126,088)       (153,000)
             partnerships.................
        Construction of research                      2013            121,300             58,874          85,000
         facilities.......................
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric
     Administration:
        Operations, Research and
         Facilities:
            National Ocean Service........            1993            121,183            150,864         625,406
                Integrated Ocean Observing            2013          Such sums          (334,932)        (40,500)
                 System Regional
                 Observations.............
                Coastal Science,            ..............            Various  .................        (88,500)
                 Assessment, Response and
                 Restoration..............
                Competitive External        ..............            Various  .................        (22,000)
                 Research.................
                Coastal Zone Management                n/a                n/a                n/a        (47,700)
                 and Services.............
                Coastal Zone Management               1999           (50,500)           (52,700)        (78,000)
                 Grants...................
                Title IX Fund.............            2019          such sums           (30,000)        (36,000)
                Coral Reef Program........            2004           (16,000)           (26,100)        (34,000)
                Sanctuaries and Marine                2005           (40,000)           (58,750)        (58,000)
                 Protected Areas..........
                National Estuarine                    1999            (4,600)            (4,300)        (28,250)
                 Research Reserve System..
            National Marine Fisheries       ..............  .................  .................         967,586
             Services:
                Marine Mammals, Sea         ..............  .................  .................       (127,905)
                 Turtles and Other Species
         Species Recoveries Grants                    1992                                               (7,000)
                Atlantic Salmon...........            1992                                               (6,500)
                Pacific Salmon............            1992                                              (67,250)
                Fisheries and Ecosystem     ..............            Various  .................       (150,018)
                 Science Programs and
                 Services.................
                Fisheries Data              ..............            Various  .................       (173,709)
                 Collections, Surveys and
                 Assessments..............
                Observers and Training....  ..............            Various  .................        (50,000)
                Fisheries Management        ..............            Various  .................       (124,500)
                 Programs and Services....
                Salmon Management           ..............            Various  .................        (59,643)
                 Activities...............
                Regional Councils and       ..............            Various  .................        (46,446)
                 Fisheries Commissions....
                Interjurisdictional                   2012              3,400              1,157         (3,365)
                 Fisheries Grants.........
                Enforcement...............  ..............            Various  .................        (77,000)
                Habitat Conservation and    ..............            Various  .................        (59,000)
                 Restoration..............
            Oceanic and Atmospheric                   1993          1,589,081            202,172                
             Research.....................
                Climate Laboratories and              1993          (109,877)           (79,948)        (78,000)
                 Cooperative Institutes...
                Regional Climate Data and   ..............            Various  .................        (43,000)
                 Information..............
                Climate Competitive                    n/a                n/a                n/a        (69,000)
                 Research.................
                Ocean and Coastal           ..............            Various  .................        (37,000)
                 Laboratories and
                 Cooperative Institutes...
                National Sea Grant College            2014                              (62,800)        (71,000)
                 Program..................
                Marine Aquaculture Program            2014                               (4,500)        (13,000)
                Ocean Exploration and                 2015           (59,436)           (28,000)        (42,742)
                 Research.................
                Integrated Ocean                      2012           (20,000)            (6,359)        (16,000)
                 Acidification............
                Sustained Ocean                        n/a                n/a                n/a        (46,000)
                 Observations and
                 Monitoring...............
                High Performance Computing            1996            (4,500)            (6,500)        (17,800)
                 Initiatives..............
            National Weather Service:                 1993            395,822                                   
                Observations..............  ..............            Various  .................       (241,000)
                Central Processing........            1993              ∫              ∫       (102,538)
                Analyze, Forecast and       ..............            Various  .................       (538,000)
                 Support..................
                Dissemination.............            1993              ∫              ∫        (79,112)
                Science and Technology      ..............            Various  .................       (151,423)
                 Integration..............
            National Environmental          ..............  .................  .................         285,606
             Satellite, Data and
             Information Service:
                Office of Satellite and               1993                                             (189,099)
                 Production Operations....
                Product Development,                  1993                                              (28,907)
                 Readiness and Application
                Commercial Remote Sensing              n/a                n/a                n/a         (1,800)
                 Regulatory Affairs.......
                Office of Space Commerce..             n/a                n/a                n/a         (1,800)
                Group on Earth                        1993                n/a                n/a           (500)
                 Observations.............
                National Centers for                  1993             39,596             32,646        (63,500)
                 Environmental Information
            Mission Support:
                Mission Support Services..            1993             75,750             71,433         270,954
                NOAA Office of Education..             n/a                n/a                n/a          33,500
            Office of Marine and Aviation
             Operations:
                Marine Operations and                 1993             68,518             61,222         174,000
                 Maintenance..............
                Aviation Operations.......            1993             10,336              9,872          29,466
                Unmanned Systems                       n/a                n/a                n/a          10,665
                 Operations...............
        Procurement, Acquisition and
         Construction:
            National Ocean Service:
                National Estuarine                     n/a                n/a                n/a           2,000
                 Research Reserve
                 Construction.............
                Marine Sanctuaries                    2005              6,000             10,000           4,000
                 Construction.............
            Office of Oceanic and
             Atmospheric Research:........
                Research Supercomputing/               n/a                n/a                n/a          42,000
                 CCRI.....................
            National Weather Service:
                Observations..............            1993                                84,516          15,745
                Central Processing........             n/a                n/a                n/a          66,761
                Dissemination.............             n/a                n/a                n/a           9,934
                Weather Forecast Office                n/a                n/a                n/a          15,000
                 Construction.............
            National Environmental
             Satellite, Data and
             Information Service:
                GOES R....................             n/a                n/a                n/a         334,500
                Space Weather Follow-on...             n/a                n/a                n/a         108,115
                Polar Weather Satellites..             n/a                n/a                n/a         657,835
                CDARS.....................            1993              2,300                n/a          14,400
                Low Earth Orbit...........             n/a                n/a                n/a          33,202
                Geostationary Earth Orbit.             n/a                n/a                n/a          10,000
                System Architecture and                n/a                n/a                n/a          44,822
                 Advanced Planning........
                Satellite CDA Facility....             n/a                n/a                n/a           2,450
            Mission Support:
                NOAA Construction.........            1993             94,500             64,500          50,000
            Office of Marine and Aviation
             Operations:
                Fleet Capital Improvements             n/a                n/a                n/a          27,500
                 and Technology Infusion..
            Pacific Coastal Salmon                    2009             90,000             80,000          65,000
             Recovery.....................
            Fishermen's Contingency Fund..             n/a                n/a                n/a             349
            Fisheries Disaster Assistance.            2013          such sums              5,000             300
            Fisheries Finance Program                  n/a                n/a                n/a          -8,000
             Account......................
        Departmental Management:
            Salaries and Expenses.........             n/a                n/a                n/a          73,080
            Renovation and Modernization..             n/a                n/a                n/a           1,123
            Office of Inspector General...             n/a                n/a                n/a          35,520
Department of Justice:
    General Administration:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            2009            181,561            105,805         120,041
        Justice Information Sharing                   2009            204,152             80,000          33,875
         Technology.......................
        Executive Office for Immigration         2009para.                n/a                n/a         734,000
         Review...........................
                Office of Inspector                   2009             81,922             80,681         113,985
                 General..................
    United States Parole Commission:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            2009             12,711             12,570          13,539
    Legal Activities:
        Salaries and Expenses, General                2009            764,526            805,655         969,211
         Legal Activities.................
        Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust              2009            162,488            157,788         180,274
         Division.........................
        Salaries and Expenses, United                 2009          1,829,194          1,851,336       2,347,177
         States Attorneys.................
        Salaries and Expenses, Foreign                2009              1,429              1,823           2,366
         Claims Settlement Commission.....
        Fee and Expenses of Witnesses.....            2009            203,755            168,300         270,000
        Salaries and Expenses, Community              2009             10,977              9,873          20,300
         Relations Service................
        Assets Forfeiture Fund                        2009             22,000             20,990          20,514
         (discretionary)..................
    United States Marshals Service........            2009            900,178            954,000       3,366,645
        Salaries and Expenses.............  ..............              Sec.           (960,000)     (1,484,184)
        Construction......................  ..............              Sec.             (4,000)        (15,000)
        Federal Prison Detention..........            2009          1,858,509          1,355,319     (1,867,461)
    National Security Division:
        Salaries and Expenses.............             n/a                n/a                n/a         114,837
    Interagency Law Enforcement:
        Interagency Crime and Drug                    2009            744,593            515,000         565,000
         Enforcement......................
    Federal Bureau of Investigation.......            2009          6,480,608          7,301,191       9,755,243
        Salaries and Expenses.............  ..............              Sec.         (7,182,700)     (9,703,348)
        Construction......................  ..............              Sec.           (153,491)        (51,895)
    Drug Enforcement Administration:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            2009          1,930,462          1,959,084       2,331,370
    Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms
     and Explosives:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            2009          1,038,939          1,078,215       1,550,000
        Construction......................            2009  .................  .................           5,000
    Federal Prison System.................            2009          5,698,292          6,171,561       7,880,000
        Salaries and Expenses.............  ..............              Sec.         (5,600,792)     (7,770,000)
        Building and Facilities...........  ..............              Sec.           (575,807)       (110,000)
    Office on Violence Against Women:
        Violence Against Women Prevention
         and Prosecution Programs:
            STOP Grants...................            2018            215,000            215,000         223,000
            Transitional Housing                      2018             35,000             35,000          39,000
             Assistance...................
            Research and Evaluation on                 n/a                n/a                n/a           3,500
             Violence Against Women.......
            Consolidated Youth-oriented     ..............            Various  .................          12,000
             Program......................
                Engaging Men and Youth in              n/a                n/a                n/a                
                 Prevention...............
                Grants to Assist Children              n/a                n/a                n/a                
                 and Youth Exposed to
                 Violence.................
                Supporting Teens Through              2011              5,000                 **                
                 Education Program........
                Services to Advocate and               n/a                n/a                n/a                
                 Respond to Youth.........
            Grants to Encourage Arrest                2018             53,000             53,000          53,000
             Policies.....................
                Homicide Reduction                     n/a                n/a                n/a         (4,000)
                 Initiative...............
            Sexual Assault Victims                    2018             40,000             35,000          42,500
             Services.....................
            Rural Domestic Violence and               2018             50,000             40,000          45,000
             Child Abuse Enforcement......
            Violence on College Campuses..            2018             12,000             20,000          21,000
            Civil Legal Assistance........            2018             57,000             45,000          47,500
            Elder Abuse Grant Program.....            2018              9,000              5,000           6,000
            Family Civil Justice..........  ..............            Various  .................          17,500
                Court Training and                    2011              5,000                 **  ..............
                 Improvements Program.....
                Safe Havens Program.......            2011              5,000                 **  ..............
            Education and Training for                2018              9,000              6,000           6,000
             Disabled Female Victims......
            National Resource Center on               2018              1,000                500           1,000
             Workplace Responses..........
            Research on Violence Against              2015              1,000                940           1,000
             Indian Women.................
            Indian Country- Sexual Assault             n/a                n/a                n/a             500
             Clearinghouse................
            Tribal Special Domestic                   2018                n/a                n/a           4,300
             Violence Criminal
             Jurisdiction.................
            Rape Survivor Child Custody               2019              5,000              1,500           2,200
             Act..........................
    Office on Justice Programs:
        Research Evaluation and
         Statistics:
            Bureau of Justice Statistics..            1995             33,000             32,335          45,000
                NCS-X Implementation                   n/a                n/a                n/a         (5,000)
                 Program..................
            National Institute of Justice.            1995             33,000             58,879          43,500
                Domestic Radicalization                n/a                n/a                n/a         (6,000)
                 Research.................
        State and Local Law Enforcement
         Assistance:
            Byrne Memorial Justice                    2012          1,095,000            470,000         515,000
             Assistance Grants............
                Officer Robert Wilson III              n/a                n/a                n/a        (12,500)
                 VALOR Initiative.........
                Smart Policing............             n/a                n/a                n/a         (7,500)
                Smart Prosecution.........             n/a                n/a                n/a         (8,500)
                Juvenile Indigent Defense.             n/a                n/a                n/a         (3,000)
                John R. Justice Grant                 2014  .................          Such sums         (3,000)
                 Program..................
                Prison Rape Prevention and            2010             40,000             15,000        (15,500)
                 Prosecution..............
                Emergency Federal Law                 2016             20,000                n/a  ..............
                 Enforcement Assistance...
                Managed Access............             n/a                n/a                n/a         (3,000)
                Regional Law Enforcement               n/a                n/a                n/a         (3,000)
                 Training Initiative......
                Family Friendly Visitation             n/a                n/a                n/a           2,000
                 in Correctional
                 Facilities...............
                Local Task Forces on                   n/a                n/a                n/a           5,000
                 Public Safety Innovation.
                Grants to Improve                      n/a                n/a                n/a          15,000
                 Reporting on Use of Force
                Hit Rates Data Collection              n/a                n/a                n/a           5,000
                 Demonstration Grants.....
                Police Reform in                       n/a                n/a                n/a           7,200
                 Jurisdictions Responding
                 to Litigation............
                Law Enforcement Training..             n/a                n/a                n/a          50,000
            State Criminal Alien                      2011            950,000                n/a         251,500
             Assistance Program...........
            Adam Walsh Act Implementation.            2009          Such sums             18,000          20,500
            National Sex Offender Public               n/a                n/a                n/a           1,000
             Website......................
            Community Teams to Reduce the              n/a                n/a                n/a          49,000
             Sexual Assault Kit (SAK)
             Backlog......................
            CASA Special Advocates........            2018             12,000             12,000          12,500
            Community Trust Initiative....             n/a                n/a                n/a          77,500
                Body-won Camera                        n/a                n/a                n/a        (27,500)
                 Partnership..............
                Justice Reinvestment                   n/a                n/a                n/a        (30,000)
                 Initiative...............
            Immigration Representation                 n/a                n/a                n/a          15,000
             Pilot........................
            Hate Crimes Prevention Act                2012                n/a                n/a           8,000
             Grants.......................
            Grants for Pattern and                     n/a                n/a                n/a         100,000
             Practice Investigations......
            Grants to Implement                        n/a                n/a                n/a         250,000
             Independent Investigations of
             Law Enforcement..............
            Community-based Organizations              n/a                n/a                n/a          25,000
             Aimed at Improving Law
             Enforcement..................
            Pilot Program to Improve                   n/a                n/a                n/a          25,000
             Management and Address
             Misconduct by Law Enforcement
             Officers.....................
        Juvenile Justice Programs:
            Youth Mentoring Grants........            2007          Such sums         Sec. Sec.          100,000
            Juvenile Accountability Block             2018            Various             84,000  ..............
             Grant Missing and Exploited
             Children Programs............
                Missing and Exploited       ..............                  *                  *               *
                 Children grants..........
            Training for Judicial                     2018              2,300              2,000           5,000
             Personnel....................
        Community Oriented Policing
         Services:
            COPS Hiring Grants............            2009          1,047,117          1,000,000         231,000
                Regional information                  2003            100,000             29,000        (40,000)
                 sharing activities.......
                Tribal Access Program.....             n/a                n/a                n/a         (3,000)
                Community Policing                     n/a                n/a                n/a         (6,500)
                 Development/Training and
                 Technical Assistance.....
                Civilian Review Boards....             n/a                n/a                n/a           4,000
            POLICE Act....................            2016            Various                n/a          11,000
            Anti-Methamphetamine Task                  n/a                n/a                n/a          11,000
             Forces.......................
            Anti-Heroin Task Forces.......             n/a                n/a                n/a          13,000
Science:                                               n/a                n/a                n/a          35,000
    National Aeronautics and Space
     Administration:
        Science...........................            2017          5,500,000          5,764,900       7,097,500
        Aeronautics.......................            2017            640,000            660,000         819,000
        Space Technology..................            2017            686,000            686,500       1,100,000
        Exploration.......................            2017          4,330,000          4,324,000       6,017,600
        Space Operations..................            2017          5,023,000          4,950,700       4,052,200
        STEM Engagement...................            2017            115,000            100,000         126,000
        Safety, Security and Mission                  2017          2,788,600          2,768,600       2,953,400
         Services.........................
        Construction and Environmental                2017            388,000            360,700         419,100
         Compliance and Restoration.......
        Office of Inspector General.......            2017             37,400             37,900          44,200
    National Science Foundation:
        Research and Related Activities...            2013          6,637,879          5,983,280  6,967,123para.
                                                                                                               p
        Major Research Equipment and                  2013            236,764            196,170         243,230
         Facilities Construction..........
        Education and Human Resources.....            2013          1,041,762            895,610         970,000
        Agency Operations and Award                   2013            363,670            299,400         345,640
         Management.......................
        Office of the National Science                2013              4,906              4,440           4,500
         Board............................
        Office of Inspector General.......            2013             15,049             14,200          17,850
Related Agencies:
    Commission on Civil Rights:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            1995              9,500              8,904          12,000
    International Trade Commission:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            2004             57,240             58,925         105,000
    Legal Services Corporation:
        Payment to the Legal Services                 1980            205,000            300,000         465,000
         Corporation......................
    Marine Mammal Commission:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            1999              1,750              1,240           3,769
    Office of the U.S. Trade
     Representative:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            2004             33,108             41,552          55,000
    State Justice Institute:
        Salaries and Expenses.............            2008              7,000              3,760           7,700
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*The recommendation does not provide a specific amount for this program.
 Auuthorization provides a single amount for activities spread across multiple NOAA Control Table lines.
  The National Integrated Drought Information System Reauthorization Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-423) authorized
  Weather and Air Chemistry Research Programs. Other programs are unauthorized.
int;The last time the NWS was comprehensively authorized was 1993. Though specific programs, like the Tsunami
  Warning and Education Program, are currently authorized the recommendation does not provide a specific amount
  for those programs.
para.The authorization authorizes funding for the ``Administrative Review and Appeals''' account, which
  encompassed the activities of the Executive Office for Immigration Review and the Office of Pardon Attorney.
  The recommendation separates these into different accounts.
Sec.  Authorization does not provide amounts for specific accounts within this agency.
#This was formerly the ``General Administration, Detention Trustee'' account.
**The authorization for this program expired in FY 2011. Since the government was funded by a full-year
  continuing resolution, the Committee did not provide a specific appropriation for this program.
  These programs have been combined into the Consolidated Youth-oriented Program.
Sec. Sec. The authorization for this program expired in FY 2007. Since the government was funded by a full-year
  continuing resolution, the Committee did not provide a specific appropriation for this program.
para.para.Within the Research and Related Activities account, funding for Dyslexia and windstorm research are
  authorized.

                 Comparison With the Budget Resolution

    Section 308(a)(1)(A) of the Congressional Budget Act 
requires the report accompanying a bill providing new budget 
authority to contain a statement comparing the levels in the 
bill to the suballocations submitted under section 302(b) of 
the Act for the most recently agreed to concurrent resolution 
on the budget for the applicable fiscal year.

                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        302(b) Allocations                   This Bill
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Budget                          Budget
                                                     Authority        Outlays        Authority        Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee
 allocations to its subcommittees: Subcommittee
 on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related
 Agencies
    Discretionary...............................          71,473          74,000       71,473\1\          73,414
    Mandatory...................................             342             340          342\1\             340
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
Note.--The amounts in this report do not include $838,000,000 in discretionary outlays from such funding that
  was provided by the CARES Act (Public Law 116-136). Consistent with the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, in
  the House of Representatives such amounts do not count against the Committee's allocation.

                      Five-Year Outlay Projections

    In compliance with section 308(a)(1)(B) of the 
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 
(Public Law 93-344), as amended, the following table contains 
five-year projections associated with the budget authority 
provided in the accompanying bill:

                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                      Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Projection of outlays associated with the
 recommendation:
    2021........................................  ..............  ..............  ..............       \1\44,285
    2022........................................  ..............  ..............  ..............          18,294
    2023........................................  ..............  ..............  ..............           6,048
    2024........................................  ..............  ..............  ..............           2,595
    2025 and future years.......................  ..............  ..............  ..............           2,773
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

               Assistance to State and Local Governments

    In accordance with section 308(a)(1)(C) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, as amended, the Congressional 
Budget Office has provided the following estimates of new 
budget authority and outlays provided by the accompanying bill 
for financial assistance to State and local governments:

                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Budget
                                             Authority        Outlays
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Financial assistance to State and local           204\1\             643
 governments for 2021...................
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

                           Committee Hearings

    For the purposes of section 103(i) of H. Res. 6 of the 
116th Congress--
    The following hearings were used to develop or consider the 
Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 2021:
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on March 4, 2020 entitled 
``Member Day Hearing.'' The Subcommittee received testimony 
from:
    The Honorable Peter J. Visclosky, Member of Congress.
    The Honorable Ted Yoho, Member of Congress.
    The Honorable Danny Davis, Member of Congress.
    The Honorable French Hill, Member of Congress.
    The Honorable Ed Perlmutter, Member of Congress.
    The Honorable Jenniffer Gonzalez-Colon, Member of Congress.
    The Honorable Joseph Kennedy, Member of Congress.
    The Honorable Anthony Gonzalez, Member of Congress.
    The Honorable Brad Schneider, Member of Congress.
    The Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies held a budget hearing on March 10, 2020, entitled 
``Department of Commerce Budget Request for Fiscal Year 2021.'' 
The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Wilbur Ross, Secretary, U.S. Department of Commerce.

                          Program Duplication

    No provision of this bill establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

      Comparative Statement of New Budget (Obligational) Authority

    The following table provides a detailed summary, for each 
department and agency, comparing the amounts recommended in the 
bill with fiscal year 2020 enacted amounts and budget estimates 
presented for fiscal year 2021:

              [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]


                             MINORITY VIEWS

    We appreciate the efforts of the Majority in producing a 
Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies (CJS) 
Appropriations bill that addresses many priorities of Members 
on both sides of the aisle. We also want to thank Chairman 
Serrano and his staff for their diligent efforts to incorporate 
many of our Members' proposed modifications into his Manager's 
Amendment.
    We are pleased that the bill provides no less than 
$400,000,000 for the Block lB version of the Space Launch 
System and continues strong funding for deep space exploration 
technologies, such as nuclear thermal propulsion. We also 
appreciate the strong support for the agencies that ensure 
compliance with our trade laws and agreements, as well as 
funding for the Commerce Department's recently created Aluminum 
Import Monitoring and Analysis system.
    In addition to these key priorities, the bill addresses 
issues impacting all of our communities. It increases funding 
for drug court programs and other vital initiatives that 
address the opioid epidemic, as well as DNA programs that are 
helping to analyze the backlog of sexual assault evidence and 
solve cold cases.
    Still, we have many unaddressed concerns with this bill. 
The bill makes new investments in science, but only 
selectively. The flat funding for NASA reveals a deliberate 
effort to undercut our path toward renewed American space 
dominance, and it imperils the goal of landing on the moon in 
2024. Specifically, the bill fails to provide adequate funding 
for an essential component of NASA's Artemis program: the human 
landing systems on which the first woman will travel to the 
surface of the moon. It also fails to provide adequate 
resources for critical ground infrastructure in support of the 
Artemis program.
    This is shortsighted, to say the least. Sending American 
astronauts to the south pole of the moon will showcase the 
global leadership and technological advances of the United 
States. It will also enhance our national security by allowing 
us to establish a strategic presence on the moon. Our nation is 
facing serious threats in space, specifically from China. Being 
the world leader in space will be expensive, but it will not be 
nearly as costly as letting China dominate in space. For far 
too long, we have allowed China to challenge us, with negative 
implications both for our economy and our national security.
    In addition, by imposing new, unauthorized conditions on 
the Byrne Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) program and programs 
administered by the Office on Community Oriented Policing, the 
Majority is effectively halting funding for many authorized 
programs with strong bipartisan support. Among other purposes, 
funding for these programs supports active shooter response 
training under the POLICE Act (P.L. 114-199), grants for the 
purchase of school hardening equipment under the STOP School 
Violence Act (Title V of P.L. 115-141), suicide prevention 
measures for police officers under the Law Enforcement Mental 
Health and Wellness Act (P.L. 115-113), and law enforcement 
assistance in tribal communities, where homicide rates among 
American Indians and Alaska Natives are more than double the 
rate for the U.S. as a whole. Conditioning needed funding for 
schools and communities on policies far outside the control of 
law enforcement--in the name of social justice--is 
inappropriate.
    Moreover, in their effort to appease voices calling for the 
defunding of police, the Majority also underfunds all of the 
Federal law enforcement agencies of the Department of Justice, 
halts funding for anti-methamphetamine and heroin task forces, 
and directs resources to a misconduct registry that would be 
required by law to report baseless accusations. In doing so, 
they contribute to a climate wherein far too many good law 
enforcement officers are considering a career change because 
they feel their efforts are unsupported and the sacrifices they 
are willing to make are unappreciated.
    The bill also includes several partisan immigration-related 
riders opposed by the Minority. It provides $15,000,000 for a 
new, unauthorized program to provide direct legal 
representation of aliens arriving at our Southern border, 
prohibits the use of case completion benchmarks to evaluate 
immigration judge performance, and includes unauthorized 
restraints on the Census Bureau that will preclude it from 
using any of the data it legally collects to develop estimates 
of citizens, lawfully present non-citizens and unauthorized 
aliens in the U.S.
    Finally, the bill eliminates several long-standing Second 
Amendment protections that have enjoyed historical, bipartisan 
support. The elimination of freedoms that are not even 
associated with the criminal misuse of firearms is indicative 
of a gun control agenda with no basis in the science of 
criminal justice.
    We do commit, as always, to working with the Majority in 
good faith as we proceed through the legislative process, to 
cure these and other deficiencies.

                                   Kay Granger.
                                   Robert B. Aderholt.

                                  [all]