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116th Congress }                                            { Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session    }                                            { 116-477

======================================================================


 
                CLEAN INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY ACT OF 2019

                                _______
                                

August 14, 2020.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

    Ms. Johnson of Texas, from the Committee on Science, Space, and 
                  Technology, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 4230]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, to whom 
was referred the bill (H.R. 4230) to amend the Energy 
Independence and Security Act of 2007 to establish a program to 
incentivize innovation and to enhance the industrial 
competitiveness of the United States by developing technologies 
to reduce emissions of nonpower industrial sectors, and for 
other purposes, having considered the same, reports favorably 
thereon with an amendment and recommends that the bill as 
amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
   I. Amendment.......................................................2
  II. Purpose of the Bill.............................................6
 III. Background and Need for the Legislation.........................7
  IV. Committee Hearings..............................................8
   V. Committee Consideration and Votes...............................9
  VI. Summary of Major Provisions of the Bill.........................9
 VII. Section-By-Section Analysis (By Title and Section).............10
VIII. Committee Views................................................10
  IX. Cost Estimate..................................................11
   X. Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate......................11
  XI. Compliance with Public Law 104-4 (Unfunded Mandates)...........12
 XII. Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations...............12
XIII. Statement on General Performance Goals and Objectives..........12
 XIV. Federal Advisory Committee Statement...........................12
  XV. Duplication of Federal Programs................................13
 XVI. Earmark Identification.........................................13
XVII. Applicability to the Legislative Branch........................13
XVIII.Statement on Preemption of State, Local, or Tribal Law.........13

 XIX. Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, As Reported..........13
  XX. Proceedings of Subcommittee Markup.............................21
 XXI. Proceedings of Full Committee Markup...........................87
 
 
 

                              I. Amendment

    The amendment is as follows:
    Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Clean Industrial Technology Act of 
2019'' or the ``CIT Act of 2019''.

SEC. 2. PURPOSE.

  The purpose of this Act and the amendments made by this Act is to 
encourage the development and evaluation of innovative technologies 
aimed at increasing--
          (1) the technological and economic competitiveness of 
        industry and manufacturing in the United States; and
          (2) the emissions reduction of nonpower industrial sectors.

SEC. 3. INDUSTRIAL EMISSIONS REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 is 
amended by inserting after section 453 (42 U.S.C. 17112) the following:

``SEC. 454. INDUSTRIAL EMISSIONS REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT 
                    PROGRAM.

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Director.--The term `Director' means the Director of 
        the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
          ``(2) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                  ``(A) a scientist or other individual with knowledge 
                and expertise in emissions reduction;
                  ``(B) an institution of higher education;
                  ``(C) a nongovernmental organization;
                  ``(D) a National Laboratory;
                  ``(E) a private entity; and
                  ``(F) a partnership or consortium of 2 or more 
                entities described in subparagraphs (B) through (E).
          ``(3) Emissions reduction.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `emissions reduction' 
                means the reduction, to the maximum extent practicable, 
                of net nonwater greenhouse gas emissions to the 
                atmosphere by energy services and industrial processes.
                  ``(B) Exclusion.--The term `emissions reduction' does 
                not include the elimination of carbon embodied in the 
                principal products of industrial manufacturing.
          ``(4) Institution of higher education.--The term `institution 
        of higher education' has the meaning given the term in section 
        101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
          ``(5) Program.--The term `program' means the program 
        established under subsection (b)(1).
  ``(b) Industrial Emissions Reduction Technology Development 
Program.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of the CIT Act of 2019, the Secretary, in 
        coordination with the Director and in consultation with the 
        heads of relevant Federal agencies, National Laboratories, 
        industry, and institutions of higher education, shall establish 
        a crosscutting research, development, and demonstration program 
        to further the development and commercial application of 
        innovative industrial emissions reduction technologies that--
                  ``(A) increase the technological and economic 
                competitiveness of industry and manufacturing in the 
                United States; and
                  ``(B) achieve emissions reduction in nonpower 
                industrial sectors.
          ``(2) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the 
        Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable--
                  ``(A) coordinate with each relevant office in the 
                Department and any other Federal agency;
                  ``(B) coordinate and collaborate with the Industrial 
                Technology Innovation Advisory Committee established 
                under section 455; and
                  ``(C) coordinate with the energy-intensive industries 
                program established under section 452.
          ``(3) Leverage of existing resources.--In carrying out the 
        program, the Secretary shall leverage, to the maximum extent 
        practicable--
                  ``(A) existing resources and programs of the 
                Department and other relevant Federal agencies; and
                  ``(B) public-private partnerships.
  ``(c) Focus Areas.--The program shall focus on, to the maximum extent 
practicable,--
          ``(1) industrial production processes, including technologies 
        and processes that--
                  ``(A) achieve emissions reduction in high-emissions 
                industrial materials production processes, including 
                production processes for iron, steel, steel mill 
                products, aluminum, cement, concrete, glass, pulp, 
                paper, and industrial ceramics;
                  ``(B) achieve emissions reduction in medium- and 
                high-temperature heat generation, including--
                          ``(i) through electrification of heating 
                        processes;
                          ``(ii) through renewable heat generation 
                        technology;
                          ``(iii) through combined heat and power; and
                          ``(iv) by switching to alternative fuels, 
                        including hydrogen;
                  ``(C) achieve emissions reduction in chemical 
                production processes;
                  ``(D) leverage smart manufacturing technologies and 
                principles, digital manufacturing technologies, and 
                advanced data analytics to develop advanced 
                technologies and practices in information, automation, 
                monitoring, computation, sensing, modeling, and 
                networking that--
                          ``(i) simulate manufacturing production 
                        lines;
                          ``(ii) monitor and communicate production 
                        line status;
                          ``(iii) manage and optimize energy 
                        productivity and cost throughout production; 
                        and
                          ``(iv) model, simulate, and optimize the 
                        energy efficiency of manufacturing processes;
                  ``(E) leverage the principles of sustainable 
                manufacturing and sustainable chemistry to minimize the 
                negative environmental impacts of manufacturing while 
                conserving energy and resources, including--
                          ``(i) by designing products that enable 
                        reuse, refurbishment, remanufacturing, and 
                        recycling;
                          ``(ii) by minimizing waste from industrial 
                        processes; and
                          ``(iii) by reducing resource intensity; and
                  ``(F) increase the energy efficiency of industrial 
                processes;
          ``(2) alternative materials that produce fewer emissions 
        during production and result in fewer emissions during use, 
        including--
                  ``(A) high-performance lightweight materials; and
                  ``(B) substitutions for critical materials and 
                minerals;
          ``(3) development of net-zero emissions liquid and gaseous 
        fuels;
          ``(4) emissions reduction in shipping, aviation, and long 
        distance transportation, including through the use of 
        alternative fuels;
          ``(5) carbon capture technologies for industrial processes;
          ``(6) high-performance computing to develop advanced 
        materials and manufacturing processes contributing to the focus 
        areas described in paragraphs (1) through (5), including--
                  ``(A) modeling, simulation, and optimization to 
                design energy efficient and sustainable products; and
                  ``(B) the use of digital prototyping and additive 
                manufacturing to enhance product design;
          ``(7) other technologies that achieve net-zero emissions in 
        nonpower industrial sectors as determined by Secretary in 
        coordination with the Director;
          ``(8) incorporation of sustainable and green chemistry and 
        engineering principles, practices, and methodologies, as the 
        Secretary determines appropriate; and
          ``(9) other research or technology areas identified in the 
        Emissions Reduction Roadmap authorized in section 455.
  ``(d) Grants, Contracts, Cooperative Agreements, and Demonstration 
Projects.--
          ``(1) Grants.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
        shall award grants on a competitive basis to eligible entities 
        for projects that the Secretary determines would best achieve 
        the goals of the program.
          ``(2) Contracts and cooperative agreements.--In carrying out 
        the program, the Secretary may enter into contracts and 
        cooperative agreements with eligible entities and Federal 
        agencies for projects that the Secretary determines would 
        further the purposes of the program.
          ``(3) Demonstration projects.--In supporting technologies 
        developed under this section, the Secretary shall fund 
        demonstration projects that test and validate technologies 
        described in subsection (c).
          ``(4) Cost sharing.--In awarding funds under this section, 
        the Secretary shall require cost sharing in accordance with 
        section 988 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16352).
  ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out the demonstration projects 
authorized in subsection (d)(3)--
          ``(1) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
          ``(2) $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
          ``(3) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
          ``(4) $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2023; and
          ``(5) $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2024.
  ``(f) Coordination.--The Secretary shall carry out the activities 
authorized in this section in accordance with section 203 of the 
Department of Energy Research and Innovation Act (42 U.S.C. 18631).''.
  (b) Technical Amendment.--The table of contents of the Energy 
Independence and Security Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-140; 121 Stat. 
1494) is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 453 
the following:

``Sec. 454. Industrial emissions reduction technology development 
program.''.

SEC. 4. INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

  (a) In General.--The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 is 
amended by inserting after section 454 (as added by section 3(a)) the 
following:

``SEC. 455. INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Committee.--The term `Committee' means the Industrial 
        Technology Innovation Advisory Committee established under 
        subsection (b).
          ``(2) Director.--The term `Director' means the Director of 
        the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
          ``(3) Emissions reduction.--The term `emissions reduction' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 454(a).
          ``(4) Program.--The term `program' means the industrial 
        emissions reduction technology development program established 
        under section 454(b)(1).
  ``(b) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of the CIT Act of 2019, the Secretary, in coordination with 
the Director, shall establish an advisory committee, to be known as the 
`Industrial Technology Innovation Advisory Committee'.
  ``(c) Membership.--
          ``(1) Appointment.--The Committee shall be comprised of not 
        fewer than 15 members, who shall be appointed by the Secretary, 
        in coordination with the Director.
          ``(2) Representation.--Members appointed pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall include--
                  ``(A) not less than 1 representative of each relevant 
                Federal agency, as determined by the Secretary;
                  ``(B) not less than 2 representatives of labor 
                groups;
                  ``(C) not less than 3 representatives of the research 
                community, which shall include academia and National 
                Laboratories;
                  ``(D) not less than 2 representatives of 
                nongovernmental organizations;
                  ``(E) not less than 6 representatives of industry, 
                the collective expertise of which shall cover every 
                focus area described in section 454(c);
                  ``(F) not less than 1 representative of a State 
                government; and
                  ``(G) any other individual whom the Secretary, in 
                coordination with the Director, determines to be 
                necessary to ensure that the Committee is comprised of 
                a diverse group of representatives of industry, 
                academia, independent researchers, and public and 
                private entities.
          ``(3) Chair.--The Secretary shall designate a member of the 
        Committee to serve as Chair.
  ``(d) Duties.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Committee shall--
                  ``(A) in consultation with the Secretary and the 
                Director, develop the missions and goals of the 
                program, which shall be consistent with the purposes of 
                the program described in section 454(b)(1);
                  ``(B) advise the Secretary and the Director with 
                respect to the program--
                          ``(i) by identifying and evaluating any 
                        technologies being developed by the private 
                        sector or other Federal agencies relating to 
                        the focus areas described in section 454(c);
                          ``(ii) by identifying technology gaps in the 
                        private sector in those focus areas, and making 
                        recommendations to address those gaps;
                          ``(iii) by surveying and analyzing factors 
                        that prevent the adoption of emissions 
                        reduction technologies by the private sector; 
                        and
                          ``(iv) by recommending technology screening 
                        criteria for technology developed under the 
                        program to encourage adoption of the technology 
                        by the private sector; and
                  ``(C) develop the roadmap described in paragraph (2).
          ``(2) Emissions reduction roadmap.--
                  ``(A) Purpose.--The purpose of the roadmap developed 
                under paragraph (1)(C) is to set forth a plan for 
                achieving the goals of the program established in 
                section 454(b)(1), including for the focus areas 
                described in section 454(c).
                  ``(B) Contents.--The roadmap developed under 
                paragraph (1)(C) shall--
                          ``(i) specify near-term and long-term 
                        qualitative and quantitative objectives 
                        relating to each focus area described in 
                        section 454(c), including research, 
                        development, demonstration, and commercial 
                        application objectives;
                          ``(ii) leverage existing roadmaps relevant to 
                        the program in section 454(b)(1) and the focus 
                        areas in section 454(c);
                          ``(iii) specify the anticipated timeframe for 
                        achieving the objectives specified under clause 
                        (i);
                          ``(iv) include plans for developing emissions 
                        reduction technologies that are globally cost-
                        competitive; and
                          ``(v) identify the appropriate role for 
                        investment by the Federal Government, in 
                        coordination with the private sector, to 
                        achieve the objectives specified under clause 
                        (i).
  ``(e) Meetings.--
          ``(1) Frequency.--The Committee shall meet not less 
        frequently than 2 times per year, at the call of the Chair.
          ``(2) Initial meeting.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
        on which the members are appointed under subsection (b), the 
        Committee shall hold its first meeting.
  ``(f) Committee Report.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of the CIT Act of 2019, and not less frequently than 
        once every 3 years thereafter, the Committee shall submit to 
        the Secretary a report on the progress of achieving the 
        purposes of the program.
          ``(2) Contents.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                  ``(A) a description of any technology innovation 
                opportunities identified by the Committee;
                  ``(B) a description of any technology gaps identified 
                by the Committee under subsection (d)(1)(B)(ii);
                  ``(C) a review of the management, technology 
                screening, coordination, and industry utility of the 
                program;
                  ``(D) an evaluation of the progress of the program 
                and the research, development, and demonstration 
                activities funded under the program;
                  ``(E) any recommended changes to the focus areas of 
                the program described in section 454(c);
                  ``(F) a description of the manner in which the 
                Committee has carried out the duties described in 
                subsection (d)(1) and any relevant findings as a result 
                of carrying out those duties;
                  ``(G) the roadmap developed by the Committee under 
                subsection (d)(1)(C);
                  ``(H) the progress made in achieving the goals set 
                out in that roadmap;
                  ``(I) an assessment of the extent to which progress 
                has been made under the program in developing 
                commercial, cost-competitive technologies in each focus 
                area described in section 454(c); and
                  ``(J) an assessment of the effectiveness of the 
                program in coordinating efforts within the Department 
                and with other Federal agencies to achieve the purposes 
                of the program.
  ``(g) Report to Congress.--Not later than 60 days after receiving a 
report from the Committee under subsection (f), the Secretary shall 
submit a copy of that report to the Committee on Science, Space, and 
Technology of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Energy 
and Natural Resources of the Senate.
  ``(h) Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act.--Except as 
otherwise provided in this section, the Federal Advisory Committee Act 
(5 U.S.C. App.) shall apply to the Committee.''.
  (b) Technical Amendment.--The table of contents of the Energy 
Independence and Security Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-140; 121 Stat. 
1494) (as amended by section 3(b)) is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 454 the following:

``Sec. 455. Industrial Technology Innovation Advisory Committee.''.

SEC. 5. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM TO IMPLEMENT INDUSTRIAL EMISSIONS 
                    REDUCTION.

  (a) In General.--The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 is 
amended by inserting after section 455 (as added by section 4(a)) the 
following:

``SEC. 456. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM TO IMPLEMENT INDUSTRIAL 
                    EMISSIONS REDUCTION.

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                  ``(A) a State;
                  ``(B) a unit of local government;
                  ``(C) a territory or possession of the United States;
                  ``(D) a relevant State or local office, including an 
                energy office;
                  ``(E) a tribal organization (as defined in section 
                3765 of title 38, United States Code);
                  ``(F) an institution of higher education;
                  ``(G) a private entity; and
                  ``(H) a trade association or technical society.
          ``(2) Emissions reduction.--The term `emissions reduction' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 454(a).
          ``(3) Institution of higher education.--The term `institution 
        of higher education' has the meaning given the term in section 
        101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
          ``(4) Program.--The term `program' means the program 
        established under subsection (b).
  ``(b) Establishment.--Not later than one year after the date of 
enactment of the CIT Act of 2019, the Secretary shall establish a 
program to provide technical assistance to eligible entities to promote 
the commercial application of emission reduction technologies developed 
through the program established in section 454(b).
  ``(c) Applications.--
          ``(1) Application process.--The Secretary shall seek 
        applications for technical assistance under the program on a 
        periodic basis, but not less frequently than once every 12 
        months.
          ``(2) Priorities.--In selecting eligible entities for 
        technical assistance under the program, the Secretary shall 
        give priority to an eligible entity--
                  ``(A) carrying out a commercial application of 
                technology that has the greatest potential for 
                emissions reduction in nonpower industrial sectors;
                  ``(B) located in a State that has historically relied 
                on industrial sectors for a substantial portion of the 
                State economy, as determined by the Secretary, taking 
                into account employment data, per capita income, and 
                other indicators of economic output in the State; or
                  ``(C) located in a State that has experienced 
                significant decline in the economic contribution of 
                industry to the State.''.
  (b) Technical Amendment.--The table of contents of the Energy 
Independence and Security Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-140; 121 Stat. 
1494) (as amended by section 4(b)) is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 455 the following:

``Sec. 456. Technical assistance program to implement industrial 
emissions reduction.''.

SEC. 6. COORDINATION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY EFFICIENT 
                    TECHNOLOGIES FOR INDUSTRY.

  Section 6(a) of the American Energy Manufacturing Technical 
Corrections Act (42 U.S.C. 6351(a)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``Industrial Technologies Program'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``Advanced Manufacturing 
        Office''; and
          (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``Office of Energy'' and all that follows through ``Office of 
        Science'' and inserting ``Department of Energy''.

                        II. Purpose of the Bill

    The purpose of the bill is to amend the Energy Independence 
and Security Act of 2007 to establish a research, development, 
demonstration, and commercial application program for 
technologies that would reduce emissions from the industrial 
sector; to establish a federal advisory committee to guide the 
focus areas of the program and develop roadmaps to achieve 
emissions reductions in the industrial sector; and to provide 
technical assistance to promote the commercial application of 
relevant industrial emissions reduction technologies. H.R. 4230 
is sponsored by Mr. Casten and co-sponsored by Mr. McKinley, 
Chairwoman Eddie Bernice Johnson, Ms. Radewagen, Mr. 
Fitzpatrick, Mr. Tonko, Ms. Luria, Mr. Lujan, Mr. Veasey, Ms. 
Bonamici, Ms. Brownley, Mr. Levin (CA), Mr. Swalwell, Ms. 
Spanberger, Mr. Reed, Ms. Sherrill, Mr. Huffman, Mr. Cuellar, 
Mr. Visclosky, Ms. Wasserman Schultz, Mr. Bacon, Mr. Pappas, 
Ms. Stevens, Ms. Stefanik, Mr. Case, Mr. Foster, Ms. Pingree, 
Mr. Rouda, Mr. Vargas, Ms. Clarke, Mr. Thompson (MS), Mr. 
Sires, Ms. Wild, Mr. Suozzi, Mr. Peters, Ms. Slotkin, Mr. 
Gonzalez (TX), Mr. Doyle, Ms. Norton, Ms. Houlahan, Mr. Kim, 
Ms. Axne, Ms. Wexton, Mr. Lipinski, Mr. McAdams, Mr. Rooney, 
and Ms. Haaland.

              III. Background and Need for the Legislation

    A number of recent reports have indicated a need for 
prioritizing the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions 
from sectors beyond power generation, for both economic and 
environmental reasons.\1,2\ In 2017, the transportation sector 
contributed the highest amount of GHG emissions economy-wide at 
28.9%, the power industry contributed the second highest amount 
at 27.5%, and the industrial sector contributed the third 
highest at 22.2% of GHG emissions.\3\ Despite this, the vast 
majority of federal R&D investments on emissions reduction 
technologies and methods in the U.S. have focused on the power 
sector.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Science, Net-zero emissions energy systems, June 2018.
    \2\Third Way, Industry Matters, October 2018, https://
www.thirdway.org/report/industry-matters-smarter-energy-use-is-key-for-
us-competitiveness-jobs-and-climate-effort.
    \3\EPA report, Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and 
Sinks, 1990-2017, https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/inventory-us-
greenhouse-gas-emissions-and-sinks.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Decarbonization of the industrial sector is particularly 
challenging due to the variety of products and processes 
involved, and our nation's historical reliance on these 
products and processes.\4\ Emissions from the industrial sector 
come from a variety of processes, including: emissions from 
fossil fuel combustion to generate heat; chemical processes 
involved in steel and cement production; and the production and 
use of unsustainable building materials. Thus the technologies 
to reduce emissions from the industrial sector also take a 
variety of forms and include investments in: fuel switching; 
carbon capture; and development of new materials and 
manufacturing processes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\C2ES report, Decarbonizing U.S. Industry, July 2018.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Our nation's largest investment in the development of 
technologies to reduce industrial emissions resides in the 
Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO) stewarded by the Department 
of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable 
Energy. AMO supports a number of R&D projects and partnerships 
to develop technologies that enable sustainable and energy 
efficient manufacturing. For example, AMO funds research on 
combined heat and power; advanced materials; and digital smart 
manufacturing. AMO also supports manufacturers through targeted 
technical assistance and training programs to improve their 
energy efficiency.

                         IV. Committee Hearings

    Pursuant to Section 103(i) of H. Res. 6, the Committee 
designates the following hearings as having been used to 
develop or consider the legislation:
    On March 26, 2019, the Honorable Haley Stevens presiding, 
the Research and Technology Subcommittee and the Energy 
Subcommittee of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology 
held a joint hearing to examine ways to enable decarbonization 
of the manufacturing sector in an effort to transition to a 
carbon-free future, and the role of the Manufacturing USA 
Institutes in achieving this goal. Witnesses and Members 
discussed the need for developing technologies that reduce 
energy use and emissions from the manufacturing sector through 
investments in research and commercialization programs at the 
federal level and through the facilitation of public-private 
partnerships.

                               WITNESSES

    Mr. Ryan Myers, Director of Business Development, DoD for 
Hexagon Manufacturing Intelligence (Hexagon MI)
    Mr. Mike Molnar, Director of the Office of Advanced 
Manufacturing, National Institute of Standards and Technology 
(NIST)
    Dr. John Hopkins, CEO of the Institute for Advanced 
Composites Manufacturing Innovation (IACMI)
    Ms. Valri Lightner, Acting Director of the Advanced 
Manufacturing Office, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable 
Energy at the Department of Energy
    Dr. Mitchell Dibbs, Associate R&D Director for External 
Technology--Government Programs, Dow Chemical Company
    On June 19, 2019, the Honorable Conor Lamb presiding, the 
Energy Subcommittee of the Committee on Science, Space, and 
Technology held a hearing to examine research and development 
needs to mitigate the environmental impacts of the extraction 
and use of fossil fuels. This hearing included discussion of 
the Department of Energy's current work on developing 
technologies to help decarbonize industrial processes, 
especially related to carbon capture.

                               WITNESSES

    Ms. Shannon Angielski, Executive Director, Carbon 
Utilization Research Council
    Mr. Elgie Holstein, Senior Director for Strategic Planning, 
Environmental Defense Fund
    Mr. Jeff Bobeck, Director of Energy Policy Engagement, 
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions
    Ms. Erin Burns, Director of Policy, Carbon180
    Dr. Erik K. Webb, Senior Manager, Geoscience Research and 
Applications, Sandia National Laboratories

                  V. Committee Consideration and Votes

    The Energy Subcommittee of the Committee on Science, Space, 
and Technology met to consider H.R. 4230 on September 11, 2019 
and considered the following amendments to the bill:
    Mr. Weber offered an amendment that would remove 
authorizations of appropriations of funds and would terminate 
the activities authorized in the bill after the year 2024. The 
amendment was defeated by a voice vote.
    Mr. Lipinski offered an amendment that would add 
sustainable and green chemistry to the list of research focus 
areas. The amendment was agreed to by a voice vote.
    Mr. Weber offered an amendment that would remove 
authorizations of appropriations of funds. The amendment was 
defeated by a voice vote.
    Mr. Norman offered an amendment that would terminate the 
activities authorized in the bill at the end of fiscal year 
2024. The amendment was defeated by a voice vote.
    Mr. Lamb moved that the Committee favorably report the 
bill, H.R. 4230, as amended, to the Full Committee with the 
recommendation that the bill be approved. The motion was agreed 
to by a voice vote.
    The Committee on Science, Space, and Technology met to 
consider H.R. 4230 on February 12, 2020 and considered the 
following amendments to the bill:
    Mr. Casten offered a Manager's amendment that would make 
clarifying and technical fixes throughout the bill, change the 
authorization levels, and add a definition for ``critical 
material or mineral'' to the bill. The measure was agreed to by 
a voice vote.
    Mr. Babin offered and withdrew an amendment that would add 
language to the bill instructing that no research focus area in 
the bill would preclude the continued use of fossil fuels for 
power or limit the economic competitiveness of industry and 
manufacturing in the United States.
    Mr. Weber offered and withdrew an amendment that would add 
a Sense of Congress that prioritizing research and development 
for all innovative energy technologies, including research to 
develop and improve the efficiency of fossil and nuclear power 
technologies, is necessary to maintain the technological and 
economic competitiveness of industry and manufacturing in the 
United States.
    Chairwoman Johnson moved that the Committee favorably 
report the bill, H.R. 4230, as amended, to the House of 
Representatives with the recommendation that the bill be 
approved. The motion was agreed to by a voice vote.

              VI. Summary of Major Provisions of the Bill

    The Clean Industrial Technology Act (H.R. 4230) would 
authorize a cross-cutting research, development, and 
demonstration program at the Department of Energy for the 
development of technologies to reduce emissions from the 
industrial sector, planned in collaboration with industry 
partners.

        VII. Section-by-Section Analysis (By Title and Section)


Sec. 1. Short title

    ``Clean Industrial Technology Act of 2019''

Sec. 2. Purpose

    This section outlines the purposes of the bill, which are 
to encourage the development and evaluation of technologies 
that increase the technological and economic competitiveness of 
U.S. industry and manufacturing and decrease the emissions of 
the industrial sector.

Sec. 3. Industrial Emissions Reduction Technology Development Program

    This section establishes a cross-cutting research, 
development, demonstration, and commercial application program 
to further the development and commercialization of economic 
and competitive technologies that reduce emissions from the 
industrial sector. The program focuses on several areas, 
including reducing emissions from production processes for 
iron, steel, aluminum, cement, and chemical production 
processes; reducing emissions from high temperature heat 
generation; smart manufacturing; sustainable manufacturing; 
energy efficiency; alternative materials; net-zero emissions 
fuels; shipping, aviation, and long-distance transportation; 
carbon capture; and high-performance computing. This section 
authorizes $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2020, $80,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2021, $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2022, 
$150,000,000 for fiscal year 2023, and $150,000,000 for fiscal 
year 2024 in funding for demonstration projects.

Sec. 4. Industrial Technology Innovation Advisory Committee

    This section authorizes a Federal Advisory Committee 
comprised of members from relevant federal agencies, labor 
groups, academia, national labs, nonprofit organizations, and 
industry. The advisory committee is directed to work with the 
Secretary to develop missions and goals of the program 
established in section 3, as well as to develop industry-
specific roadmaps to reduce emissions from the industrial 
sectors and processes identified in section 3.

Sec. 5. Technical Assistance Program to Implement Industrial Emissions 
        Reduction

    This section authorizes a program to provide technical 
assistance to eligible entities to promote the commercial 
application of technologies that reduce emissions from 
industrial sectors.

                         VIII. Committee Views

    The Committee intends that the research, development, 
demonstration, and commercial application program authorized in 
this legislation be cross-cutting in nature, involving all 
relevant program offices at the Department of Energy to execute 
its mission, including the Advanced Manufacturing Office, the 
Office of Fossil Energy, the Office of Nuclear Energy, and the 
Office of Science, and to build from existing activities at the 
Department of Energy at these and other offices. The Committee 
also intends that the awards distributed under this program 
cover a range of projects and technologies, including 
demonstration projects, based on the maturity of the science 
and technology in each relevant industrial sector.

                           IX. Cost Estimate

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee adopts as its own the 
estimate of new budget authority, entitlement authority, or tax 
expenditures or revenues contained in the cost estimate 
prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office 
pursuant to section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974.

              X. Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate
              

     
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    H.R. 4230 would require the Department of Energy (DOE), 
along with the Office of Science and Technology Policy and 
other federal agencies, to encourage the development of 
technologies that increase the competitiveness of industry and 
manufacturing and reduce emissions in the nonpower industrial 
sector. Under the program, DOE would award grants, sponsor 
demonstration projects, and provide technical assistance. The 
bill also would establish a committee consisting of members 
from the public and private sectors to advise DOE on the 
program, develop a strategic plan, and report results.
    For this estimate, CBO assumes that the bill will be 
enacted in fiscal year 2020. Under that assumption, DOE could 
incur some costs in 2020, but CBO expects that most of the 
costs would be incurred in 2021 and later. Any spending would 
be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.
    H.R. 4230 would authorize the appropriation of specified 
amounts for each year from 2020 through 2024 for DOE to sponsor 
demonstration projects. To estimate the cost of implementing 
other provisions in the bill, CBO considered the costs of 
similar DOE programs. For example, DOE allocated about $100 
million annually in recent years for research and development 
programs that focus on manufacturing processes. Similarly, the 
department allocated between $3 million and $20 million 
annually for comparable technical assistance programs, and it 
allocated less than $500,000 annually for comparable advisory 
committees.
    On that basis, CBO estimates the authorization in 2020 for 
the other provisions in the bill would be $110 million, with 
that amount growing by about $3 million each year to account 
for anticipated inflation. Based on historical spending 
patterns for similar programs, CBO estimates that implementing 
H.R. 4230 would cost $812 million over the 2020-2025 period.
    The costs of the legislation, detailed in Table 1, would 
largely fall within budget function 270 (energy).

               TABLE 1.--ESTIMATED INCREASES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION UNDER H.R. 4230
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    By fiscal year, millions of dollars--
                                                            ----------------------------------------------------
                                                              2020   2021   2022   2023   2024   2025  2020-2025
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Demonstration Projects:
    Authorization..........................................     20     80    100    150    150      0       500
    Estimated Outlays......................................      *     16     45     78    107    105       351
Other Provisions:
    Estimated Authorization................................    110    112    115    118    121    124       700
    Estimated Outlays......................................      2     35     82    107    114    121       461
    Total Changes:
        Estimated Authorization............................    130    192    215    268    271    124     1,200
        Estimated Outlays..................................      2     51    127    185    221    226       812
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* = between zero and $500,000.

    On February 18, 2020, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for 
S. 2300, the CIT Act of 2019, as reported by the Senate 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on October 24, 2019. 
The two pieces of legislation are similar, and CBO's estimated 
costs reflect the differences between the bills. In particular, 
H.R. 4230 would authorize specific amounts for demonstration 
projects and S. 2300 would not.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Aaron Krupkin. 
The estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy 
Director of Budget Analysis.

                     XI. Federal Mandates Statement

    H.R. 4230 contains no unfunded mandates.

         XII. Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    The Committee's oversight findings and recommendations are 
reflected in the body of this report.

             XIII. Statement on General Performance Goals 
                             and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause (3)(c) of House rule XIII, the goals of 
H.R. 4230 are to incentivize innovation and to enhance the 
industrial competitiveness of the United States by developing 
technologies to reduce emissions in the industrial sector.

               XIV. Federal Advisory Committee Statement

    The functions of the advisory committee authorized in H.R. 
4230 are not currently being nor could they be performed by one 
or more agencies or by enlarging the mandate of another 
existing advisory committee.

                  XV. Duplication of Federal Programs

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(5) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee finds that no provision 
of H.R. 4230 establishes or reauthorizes a program of the 
federal government known to be duplicative of another federal 
program, including any program that was included in a report to 
Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139 or the 
most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance.

                      XVI. Earmark Identification

    Pursuant to clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI, the 
Committee finds that H.R. 4230 contains no earmarks, limited 
tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits.

             XVII. Applicability to the Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that H.R. 4230 does not relate to the 
terms and conditions of employment or access to public services 
or accommodations within the meaning of section 102(b)(3) of 
the Congressional Accountability Act (Public Law 104-1).

            XVIII. Statement on Preemption of State, Local, 
                             or Tribal Law

    This bill is not intended to preempt any state, local, or 
tribal law.

       XIX. Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italics, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

              ENERGY INDEPENDENCE AND SECURITY ACT OF 2007


SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Energy 
Independence and Security Act of 2007''.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is 
as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
     * * * * * * *

           TITLE IV--ENERGY SAVINGS IN BUILDINGS AND INDUSTRY

     * * * * * * *

                Subtitle D--Industrial Energy Efficiency

     * * * * * * *
Sec. 454. Industrial emissions reduction technology development program.
Sec. 455. Industrial Technology Innovation Advisory Committee.
Sec. 456. Technical assistance program to implement industrial emissions 
          reduction.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE IV--ENERGY SAVINGS IN BUILDINGS AND INDUSTRY

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle D--Industrial Energy Efficiency

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 454. INDUSTRIAL EMISSIONS REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT 
                    PROGRAM.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Director.--The term ``Director'' means the 
        Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
        Policy.
          (2) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' 
        means--
                  (A) a scientist or other individual with 
                knowledge and expertise in emissions reduction;
                  (B) an institution of higher education;
                  (C) a nongovernmental organization;
                  (D) a National Laboratory;
                  (E) a private entity; and
                  (F) a partnership or consortium of 2 or more 
                entities described in subparagraphs (B) through 
                (E).
          (3) Emissions reduction.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``emissions 
                reduction'' means the reduction, to the maximum 
                extent practicable, of net nonwater greenhouse 
                gas emissions to the atmosphere by energy 
                services and industrial processes.
                  (B) Exclusion.--The term ``emissions 
                reduction'' does not include the elimination of 
                carbon embodied in the principal products of 
                industrial manufacturing.
          (4) Institution of higher education.--The term 
        ``institution of higher education'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
          (5) Program.--The term ``program'' means the program 
        established under subsection (b)(1).
  (b) Industrial Emissions Reduction Technology Development 
Program.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of the CIT Act of 2019, the Secretary, in 
        coordination with the Director and in consultation with 
        the heads of relevant Federal agencies, National 
        Laboratories, industry, and institutions of higher 
        education, shall establish a crosscutting research, 
        development, and demonstration program to further the 
        development and commercial application of innovative 
        industrial emissions reduction technologies that--
                  (A) increase the technological and economic 
                competitiveness of industry and manufacturing 
                in the United States; and
                  (B) achieve emissions reduction in nonpower 
                industrial sectors.
          (2) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the 
        Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable--
                  (A) coordinate with each relevant office in 
                the Department and any other Federal agency;
                  (B) coordinate and collaborate with the 
                Industrial Technology Innovation Advisory 
                Committee established under section 455; and
                  (C) coordinate with the energy-intensive 
                industries program established under section 
                452.
          (3) Leverage of existing resources.--In carrying out 
        the program, the Secretary shall leverage, to the 
        maximum extent practicable--
                  (A) existing resources and programs of the 
                Department and other relevant Federal agencies; 
                and
                  (B) public-private partnerships.
  (c) Focus Areas.--The program shall focus on, to the maximum 
extent practicable,--
          (1) industrial production processes, including 
        technologies and processes that--
                  (A) achieve emissions reduction in high-
                emissions industrial materials production 
                processes, including production processes for 
                iron, steel, steel mill products, aluminum, 
                cement, concrete, glass, pulp, paper, and 
                industrial ceramics;
                  (B) achieve emissions reduction in medium- 
                and high-temperature heat generation, 
                including--
                          (i) through electrification of 
                        heating processes;
                          (ii) through renewable heat 
                        generation technology;
                          (iii) through combined heat and 
                        power; and
                          (iv) by switching to alternative 
                        fuels, including hydrogen;
                  (C) achieve emissions reduction in chemical 
                production processes;
                  (D) leverage smart manufacturing technologies 
                and principles, digital manufacturing 
                technologies, and advanced data analytics to 
                develop advanced technologies and practices in 
                information, automation, monitoring, 
                computation, sensing, modeling, and networking 
                that--
                          (i) simulate manufacturing production 
                        lines;
                          (ii) monitor and communicate 
                        production line status;
                          (iii) manage and optimize energy 
                        productivity and cost throughout 
                        production; and
                          (iv) model, simulate, and optimize 
                        the energy efficiency of manufacturing 
                        processes;
                  (E) leverage the principles of sustainable 
                manufacturing and sustainable chemistry to 
                minimize the negative environmental impacts of 
                manufacturing while conserving energy and 
                resources, including--
                          (i) by designing products that enable 
                        reuse, refurbishment, remanufacturing, 
                        and recycling;
                          (ii) by minimizing waste from 
                        industrial processes; and
                          (iii) by reducing resource intensity; 
                        and
                  (F) increase the energy efficiency of 
                industrial processes;
          (2) alternative materials that produce fewer 
        emissions during production and result in fewer 
        emissions during use, including--
                  (A) high-performance lightweight materials; 
                and
                  (B) substitutions for critical materials and 
                minerals;
          (3) development of net-zero emissions liquid and 
        gaseous fuels;
          (4) emissions reduction in shipping, aviation, and 
        long distance transportation, including through the use 
        of alternative fuels;
          (5) carbon capture technologies for industrial 
        processes;
          (6) high-performance computing to develop advanced 
        materials and manufacturing processes contributing to 
        the focus areas described in paragraphs (1) through 
        (5), including--
                  (A) modeling, simulation, and optimization to 
                design energy efficient and sustainable 
                products; and
                  (B) the use of digital prototyping and 
                additive manufacturing to enhance product 
                design;
          (7) other technologies that achieve net-zero 
        emissions in nonpower industrial sectors as determined 
        by Secretary in coordination with the Director;
          (8) incorporation of sustainable and green chemistry 
        and engineering principles, practices, and 
        methodologies, as the Secretary determines appropriate; 
        and
          (9) other research or technology areas identified in 
        the Emissions Reduction Roadmap authorized in section 
        455.
  (d) Grants, Contracts, Cooperative Agreements, and 
Demonstration Projects.--
          (1) Grants.--In carrying out the program, the 
        Secretary shall award grants on a competitive basis to 
        eligible entities for projects that the Secretary 
        determines would best achieve the goals of the program.
          (2) Contracts and cooperative agreements.--In 
        carrying out the program, the Secretary may enter into 
        contracts and cooperative agreements with eligible 
        entities and Federal agencies for projects that the 
        Secretary determines would further the purposes of the 
        program.
          (3) Demonstration projects.--In supporting 
        technologies developed under this section, the 
        Secretary shall fund demonstration projects that test 
        and validate technologies described in subsection (c).
          (4) Cost sharing.--In awarding funds under this 
        section, the Secretary shall require cost sharing in 
        accordance with section 988 of the Energy Policy Act of 
        2005 (42 U.S.C. 16352).
  (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out the demonstration 
projects authorized in subsection (d)(3)--
          (1) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
          (2) $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
          (3) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
          (4) $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2023; and
          (5) $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2024.
  (f) Coordination.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
activities authorized in this section in accordance with 
section 203 of the Department of Energy Research and Innovation 
Act (42 U.S.C. 18631).

SEC. 455. INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Committee.--The term ``Committee'' means the 
        Industrial Technology Innovation Advisory Committee 
        established under subsection (b).
          (2) Director.--The term ``Director'' means the 
        Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
        Policy.
          (3) Emissions reduction.--The term ``emissions 
        reduction'' has the meaning given the term in section 
        454(a).
          (4) Program.--The term ``program'' means the 
        industrial emissions reduction technology development 
        program established under section 454(b)(1).
  (b) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of the CIT Act of 2019, the Secretary, in 
coordination with the Director, shall establish an advisory 
committee, to be known as the ``Industrial Technology 
Innovation Advisory Committee''.
  (c) Membership.--
          (1) Appointment.--The Committee shall be comprised of 
        not fewer than 15 members, who shall be appointed by 
        the Secretary, in coordination with the Director.
          (2) Representation.--Members appointed pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall include--
                  (A) not less than 1 representative of each 
                relevant Federal agency, as determined by the 
                Secretary;
                  (B) not less than 2 representatives of labor 
                groups;
                  (C) not less than 3 representatives of the 
                research community, which shall include 
                academia and National Laboratories;
                  (D) not less than 2 representatives of 
                nongovernmental organizations;
                  (E) not less than 6 representatives of 
                industry, the collective expertise of which 
                shall cover every focus area described in 
                section 454(c);
                  (F) not less than 1 representative of a State 
                government; and
                  (G) any other individual whom the Secretary, 
                in coordination with the Director, determines 
                to be necessary to ensure that the Committee is 
                comprised of a diverse group of representatives 
                of industry, academia, independent researchers, 
                and public and private entities.
          (3) Chair.--The Secretary shall designate a member of 
        the Committee to serve as Chair.
  (d) Duties.--
          (1) In general.--The Committee shall--
                  (A) in consultation with the Secretary and 
                the Director, develop the missions and goals of 
                the program, which shall be consistent with the 
                purposes of the program described in section 
                454(b)(1);
                  (B) advise the Secretary and the Director 
                with respect to the program--
                          (i) by identifying and evaluating any 
                        technologies being developed by the 
                        private sector or other Federal 
                        agencies relating to the focus areas 
                        described in section 454(c);
                          (ii) by identifying technology gaps 
                        in the private sector in those focus 
                        areas, and making recommendations to 
                        address those gaps;
                          (iii) by surveying and analyzing 
                        factors that prevent the adoption of 
                        emissions reduction technologies by the 
                        private sector; and
                          (iv) by recommending technology 
                        screening criteria for technology 
                        developed under the program to 
                        encourage adoption of the technology by 
                        the private sector; and
                  (C) develop the roadmap described in 
                paragraph (2).
          (2) Emissions reduction roadmap.--
                  (A) Purpose.--The purpose of the roadmap 
                developed under paragraph (1)(C) is to set 
                forth a plan for achieving the goals of the 
                program established in section 454(b)(1), 
                including for the focus areas described in 
                section 454(c).
                  (B) Contents.--The roadmap developed under 
                paragraph (1)(C) shall--
                          (i) specify near-term and long-term 
                        qualitative and quantitative objectives 
                        relating to each focus area described 
                        in section 454(c), including research, 
                        development, demonstration, and 
                        commercial application objectives;
                          (ii) leverage existing roadmaps 
                        relevant to the program in section 
                        454(b)(1) and the focus areas in 
                        section 454(c);
                          (iii) specify the anticipated 
                        timeframe for achieving the objectives 
                        specified under clause (i);
                          (iv) include plans for developing 
                        emissions reduction technologies that 
                        are globally cost-competitive; and
                          (v) identify the appropriate role for 
                        investment by the Federal Government, 
                        in coordination with the private 
                        sector, to achieve the objectives 
                        specified under clause (i).
  (e) Meetings.--
          (1) Frequency.--The Committee shall meet not less 
        frequently than 2 times per year, at the call of the 
        Chair.
          (2) Initial meeting.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the date on which the members are appointed under 
        subsection (b), the Committee shall hold its first 
        meeting.
  (f) Committee Report.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of the CIT Act of 2019, and not less 
        frequently than once every 3 years thereafter, the 
        Committee shall submit to the Secretary a report on the 
        progress of achieving the purposes of the program.
          (2) Contents.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                  (A) a description of any technology 
                innovation opportunities identified by the 
                Committee;
                  (B) a description of any technology gaps 
                identified by the Committee under subsection 
                (d)(1)(B)(ii);
                  (C) a review of the management, technology 
                screening, coordination, and industry utility 
                of the program;
                  (D) an evaluation of the progress of the 
                program and the research, development, and 
                demonstration activities funded under the 
                program;
                  (E) any recommended changes to the focus 
                areas of the program described in section 
                454(c);
                  (F) a description of the manner in which the 
                Committee has carried out the duties described 
                in subsection (d)(1) and any relevant findings 
                as a result of carrying out those duties;
                  (G) the roadmap developed by the Committee 
                under subsection (d)(1)(C);
                  (H) the progress made in achieving the goals 
                set out in that roadmap;
                  (I) an assessment of the extent to which 
                progress has been made under the program in 
                developing commercial, cost-competitive 
                technologies in each focus area described in 
                section 454(c); and
                  (J) an assessment of the effectiveness of the 
                program in coordinating efforts within the 
                Department and with other Federal agencies to 
                achieve the purposes of the program.
  (g) Report to Congress.--Not later than 60 days after 
receiving a report from the Committee under subsection (f), the 
Secretary shall submit a copy of that report to the Committee 
on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Energy and Natural 
Resources of the Senate.
  (h) Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act.--Except 
as otherwise provided in this section, the Federal Advisory 
Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall apply to the Committee.

SEC. 456. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM TO IMPLEMENT INDUSTRIAL 
                    EMISSIONS REDUCTION.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' 
        means--
                  (A) a State;
                  (B) a unit of local government;
                  (C) a territory or possession of the United 
                States;
                  (D) a relevant State or local office, 
                including an energy office;
                  (E) a tribal organization (as defined in 
                section 3765 of title 38, United States Code);
                  (F) an institution of higher education;
                  (G) a private entity; and
                  (H) a trade association or technical society.
          (2) Emissions reduction.--The term ``emissions 
        reduction'' has the meaning given the term in section 
        454(a).
          (3) Institution of higher education.--The term 
        ``institution of higher education'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
          (4) Program.--The term ``program'' means the program 
        established under subsection (b).
  (b) Establishment.--Not later than one year after the date of 
enactment of the CIT Act of 2019, the Secretary shall establish 
a program to provide technical assistance to eligible entities 
to promote the commercial application of emission reduction 
technologies developed through the program established in 
section 454(b).
  (c) Applications.--
          (1) Application process.--The Secretary shall seek 
        applications for technical assistance under the program 
        on a periodic basis, but not less frequently than once 
        every 12 months.
          (2) Priorities.--In selecting eligible entities for 
        technical assistance under the program, the Secretary 
        shall give priority to an eligible entity--
                  (A) carrying out a commercial application of 
                technology that has the greatest potential for 
                emissions reduction in nonpower industrial 
                sectors;
                  (B) located in a State that has historically 
                relied on industrial sectors for a substantial 
                portion of the State economy, as determined by 
                the Secretary, taking into account employment 
                data, per capita income, and other indicators 
                of economic output in the State; or
                  (C) located in a State that has experienced 
                significant decline in the economic 
                contribution of industry to the State.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


        AMERICAN ENERGY MANUFACTURING TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS ACT




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SEC. 6. COORDINATION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY EFFICIENT 
                    TECHNOLOGIES FOR INDUSTRY.

  (a) In General.--As part of the research and development 
activities of the [Industrial Technologies Program] Advanced 
Manufacturing Office of the Department of Energy, the Secretary 
of Energy (referred to in this section as the ``Secretary'') 
shall establish, as appropriate, collaborative research and 
development partnerships with other programs within the [Office 
of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (including the 
Building Technologies Program), the Office of Electricity 
Delivery and Energy Reliability, and the Office of Science] 
Department of Energy that--
          (1) leverage the research and development expertise 
        of those programs to promote early stage energy 
        efficiency technology development;
          (2) support the use of innovative manufacturing 
        processes and applied research for development, 
        demonstration, and commercialization of new 
        technologies and processes to improve efficiency 
        (including improvements in efficient use of water), 
        reduce emissions, reduce industrial waste, and improve 
        industrial cost-competitiveness; and
          (3) apply the knowledge and expertise of the 
        [Industrial Technologies Program] Advanced 
        Manufacturing Office to help achieve the program goals 
        of the other programs.
  (b) Reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act and biennially thereafter, the Secretary 
shall submit to Congress a report that describes actions taken 
to carry out subsection (a) and the results of those actions.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



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