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116th Congress   }                                       {      Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session      }                                       {     116-593

======================================================================

 
   PROVIDING FOR CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL (H.R. 8294) TO AMEND THE 
  NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP ACT AND EXPAND THE NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP 
   SYSTEM TO INCLUDE APPRENTICESHIPS, YOUTH APPRENTICESHIPS, AND PRE-
APPRENTICESHIP REGISTERED UNDER SUCH ACT, TO PROMOTE THE FURTHERANCE OF 
LABOR STANDARDS NECESSARY TO SAFEGUARD THE WELFARE OF APPRENTICES, AND 
                           FOR OTHER PURPOSES

                                _______
                                

 November 17, 2020.--Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be 
                                printed

                                _______
                                

               Mr. Morelle, from the Committee on Rules, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                      [To accompany H. Res. 1224]

    The Committee on Rules, having had under consideration 
House Resolution 1224, by a record vote of 8 to 3, report the 
same to the House with the recommendation that the resolution 
be adopted.

                SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS OF THE RESOLUTION

    The resolution provides for consideration of H.R. 8294, the 
National Apprenticeship Act of 2020, under a structured rule. 
The resolution provides one hour of general debate equally 
divided and controlled by the chair and ranking minority member 
of the Committee on Education and Labor. The resolution waives 
all points of order against consideration of the bill. The 
resolution provides that the amendment in the nature of a 
substitute recommended by the Committee on Education and Labor 
now printed in the bill, modified by the amendment printed in 
part A of this report, shall be considered as adopted and the 
bill, as amended, shall be considered as read. The resolution 
waives all points of order against provisions in the bill, as 
amended. Section 2 of the resolution provides that following 
debate, each further amendment printed in part B of this report 
not earlier considered as part of amendments en bloc pursuant 
to section 3 shall be considered only in the order printed in 
this report, may be offered only by a Member designated in this 
report, shall be considered as read, shall be debatable for the 
time specified in this report equally divided and controlled by 
the proponent and an opponent, may be withdrawn by the 
proponent at any time before the question is put thereon, shall 
not be subject to amendment, and shall not be subject to a 
demand for division of the question. Section 3 of the 
resolution provides that at any time after debate the chair of 
the Committee on Education and Labor or his designee may offer 
amendments en bloc consisting of further amendments printed in 
part B of this report not earlier disposed of. Amendments en 
bloc shall be considered as read, shall be debatable for 20 
minutes equally divided and controlled by the chair and ranking 
minority member of the Committee on Education and Labor or 
their designees, shall not be subject to amendment, and shall 
not be subject to a demand for division of the question. The 
resolution waives all points of order against the amendments 
printed in part B of this report and amendments en bloc 
described in section 3. The resolution provides one motion to 
recommit with or without instructions. The resolution amends 
House Resolution 967, agreed to May 15, 2020 (as most recently 
amended by House Resolution 1107, agreed to September 15, 
2020): (1) in section 4, by striking ``November 20, 2020'' and 
inserting ``the remainder of the One Hundred Sixteenth 
Congress''; (2) in section 11, by striking ``legislative day of 
November 20, 2020'' and inserting ``remainder of the One 
Hundred Sixteenth Congress''; and (3) in section 12, by 
striking ``legislative day of November 20, 2020'' and inserting 
``remainder of the One Hundred Sixteenth Congress''.

                         EXPLANATION OF WAIVERS

    The waiver of all points of order against consideration of 
the bill includes waivers of the following:
           Clause 12(a)(1) of rule XXI, which prohibits 
        consideration of a bill unless there is a searchable 
        electronic comparative print that shows how the bill 
        proposes to change current law.
           Clause 12(b) of rule XXI, which prohibits 
        consideration of a bill unless there is a searchable 
        electronic comparative print that shows how the text of 
        the bill as proposed to be considered differs from the 
        text of the bill as reported.
    Although the resolution waives all points of order against 
provisions in the bill, as amended, the Committee is not aware 
of any points of order. The waiver of all points of order is 
prophylactic in nature.
    Although the resolution waives all points of order against 
the amendments printed in part B of this report or against 
amendments en bloc described in Section 3 of the resolution, 
the Committee is not aware of any points of order. The waiver 
is prophylactic in nature.

                            COMMITTEE VOTES

    The results of each record vote on an amendment or motion 
to report, together with the names of those voting for and 
against, are printed below:

Rules Committee record vote No. 360

    Motion by Mr. Cole to report an open rule. Defeated: 3-8

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                      Vote               Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mr. Hastings....................................  ............  Mr. Cole..........................          Yea
Mrs. Torres.....................................          Nay   Mr. Woodall.......................          Yea
Mr. Perlmutter..................................          Nay   Mr. Burgess.......................  ............
Mr. Raskin......................................          Nay   Mrs. Lesko........................          Yea
Ms. Scanlon.....................................          Nay
Mr. Morelle.....................................          Nay
Ms. Shalala.....................................          Nay
Ms. Matsui......................................          Nay
Mr. McGovern, Chairman..........................          Nay
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rules Committee record vote No. 361

    Motion by Mr. Woodall to amend the rule to H.R. 8294 to 
make in order amendment #22, offered by Rep. Thompson (PA), 
which provides the Secretary of Labor with authority to 
establish and administer additional programs of work-based 
learning, including to respond to the COVID-19 public health 
emergency. Defeated: 3-8

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                      Vote               Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mr. Hastings....................................  ............  Mr. Cole..........................          Yea
Mrs. Torres.....................................          Nay   Mr. Woodall.......................          Yea
Mr. Perlmutter..................................          Nay   Mr. Burgess.......................  ............
Mr. Raskin......................................          Nay   Mrs. Lesko........................          Yea
Ms. Scanlon.....................................          Nay
Mr. Morelle.....................................          Nay
Ms. Shalala.....................................          Nay
Ms. Matsui......................................          Nay
Mr. McGovern, Chairman..........................          Nay
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rules Committee record vote No. 362

    Motion by Mr. Morelle to report the rule. Adopted: 8-3

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                      Vote               Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mr. Hastings....................................  ............  Mr. Cole..........................          Nay
Mrs. Torres.....................................          Yea   Mr. Woodall.......................          Nay
Mr. Perlmutter..................................          Yea   Mr. Burgess.......................  ............
Mr. Raskin......................................          Yea   Mrs. Lesko........................          Nay
Ms. Scanlon.....................................          Yea
Mr. Morelle.....................................          Yea
Ms. Shalala.....................................          Yea
Ms. Matsui......................................          Yea
Mr. McGovern, Chairman..........................          Yea
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 SUMMARY OF THE AMENDMENT TO H.R. 8294 IN PART A CONSIDERED AS ADOPTED

    1. Scott, Bobby (VA): Makes a series of technical and 
conforming changes. Ensures the definition of a ``State'' 
includes outlying areas. Includes employment and training 
activities in the Departments of Commerce, Energy and 
Transportation, and the Small Business Administration, to the 
``Related Federal Programs'' definition. Ensures costs related 
to assessments and licenses are allowable. Clarifies that the 
2,000 hours on-the-job learning requirement for time-based 
apprenticeship programs is cumulative, and that the exception 
to this requirement should be made only for nontraditional 
apprenticeship industries or occupations. Allows sponsors with 
five or fewer apprentices, pre-apprentices or youth apprentices 
to report data annually rather than quarterly. Ensures pre-
apprenticeship programs are developed in consultation with an 
apprenticeship program sponsor.

     SUMMARY OF THE AMENDMENTS TO H.R. 8294 IN PART B MADE IN ORDER

    1. Beyer (VA), Pressley (MA): Ensures the accessibility of 
apprenticeship programs and promotes the inclusion of people 
with disabilities within those programs. (10 minutes)
    2. Brown (MD): Requires at least one of the nine employers 
or association representatives on the National Advisory 
Committee on Apprenticeships must be from a women, minority, or 
veteran-owned business. (10 minutes)
    3. Cardenas (CA): Changes ``an apprentice'' to ``a program 
participant'' for a potential member of the national advisory 
committee on apprenticeships, which would make the committee 
inclusive of pre-apprentices and youth apprentices. (10 
minutes)
    4. Castro (TX): Adds ``media and entertainment'' to the 
list of non-traditional industries eligible for consideration 
when the Administrator is awarding grants, contracts, or 
cooperative agreements to expand program offerings in the 
national apprenticeship program. (10 minutes)
    5. Crow (CO): Includes education occupations in the 
expansion of programs under the national apprenticeship system 
and ensures that individuals in these programs can access 
apprenticeship funds. (10 minutes)
    6. Horsford (NV): Ensures adequate equity and opportunity 
in the national apprenticeship system. (10 minutes)
    7. Kilmer (WA), Fitzpatrick (PA): Adds computer science as 
a nontraditional apprenticeship industry or occupation. (10 
minutes)
    8. Lamb (PA), Taylor (TX): Incorporates veterans into the 
underlying bill by: adding veterans service organizations 
(VSOs) to the list of partner organizations involved in the 
national apprenticeship system; adding VSOs to the entities 
that should be contacted for promoting and raising awareness 
about apprenticeship opportunities; and adding veterans' status 
as one of the demographic identifiers for reporting on 
apprenticeships under the bill. The revised version combines 
amendments 23, 24, and 25 into one amendment. (10 minutes)
    9. Levin, Andy (MI): Any eligible entity applying for a 
title II grant should be partnering with a labor or joint 
labor-management organization, to the extent practicable. (10 
minutes)
    10. Meng (NY): Includes user-friendly formats and languages 
that are easily accessible in efforts to promote youth 
apprenticeships and greater diversity in national 
apprenticeship system. Includes the FCC under the Ex Officio 
nonvoting members section of the National Advisory Committee on 
Apprenticeships. (10 minutes)
    11. Moore (WI): Makes a range of changes to strengthen 
efforts to ensure that low-income individuals and others with 
barriers to employment are able to participate in 
apprenticeships, including in fields where such groups are 
underrepresented. (10 minutes)
    12. Pappas (NH): Allows for demonstration projects to 
provide for innovation in the national apprenticeship system, 
including activities responding to the COVID-19 public health 
emergency. (10 minutes)
    13. Ryan (OH), Rice, Kathleen (NY): Adds ``adult'' 
education to the list with ``secondary and postsecondary'' 
education regarding the grants for educational alignment with 
programs under the national apprenticeship system. (10 minutes)
    14. Smith, Adam (WA), Langevin (RI): Allows pre-
apprenticeship programs that receive grant funds under Title II 
to use funds to provide stipends to pre-apprentices for costs 
incurred during the pre-apprenticeship program such as housing, 
transportation, childcare, and other out-of-pocket expenses. 
(10 minutes)
    15. Smucker (PA): Includes providing authority for 
additional programs of work-based learning, striking the 
establishment of the National Advisory Committee and 
interagency agreement, and providing additional flexibility for 
the state plan process. (10 minutes)
    16. Stefanik (NY): Strikes the requirement that the 
Secretary must also approve an alternative time-based model 
that reflects industry standards and hazards of the occupation, 
leaving such approval at the discretion of the state 
registration agency. (10 minutes)
    17. Titus (NV), Bilirakis (FL), Murphy, Stephanie (FL), 
Welch (VT), Norton (DC), Brown (MD), Panetta (CA), Peters (CA), 
Case (HI), Sablan (MP), Horsford (NV), Soto (FL), Lee, Susie 
(NV): Adds ``hospitality and tourism'' to the list of 
nontraditional apprenticeship industries that are eligible 
under the Modernizing the Apprenticeship System for the 21st 
Century Grants program. (10 minutes)

      PART A--TEXT OF AMENDMENT TO H.R. 8294 CONSIDERED AS ADOPTED

  Page 8, line 4, insert ``of a State'' after ``Governor''.
  Page 8, beginning line 5, strike ``joint'' and all that 
follows through ``management'', and insert ``joint labor-
management''.
  Page 9, after line 21, insert the following new paragraph, 
and redesignate the succeeding paragraphs accordingly:
          ``(18) Outlying area.--The term `outlying area' means 
        American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands.
  Page 11, beginning line 20, strike ``The'' and all that 
follows through ``means'' on line 21, and insert ``The term 
`partnerships described in subparagraph (B)' means''.
  Page 14, lines 7 through 8, strike ``Career'' and all that 
follows through ``the'', and insert ``The''.
  Page 14, strike lines 18 through 20, and redesignate the 
succeeding subparagraphs accordingly.
  Page 15, line 3, strike ``programs'' and insert 
``activities''.
  Page 15, line 4, insert ``the Department of Housing and Urban 
Development, the Department of Defense, the Department of 
Commerce, the Department of Energy, the Department of 
Transportation, and'' after ``by''.
  Page 15, after line 19, insert the following new paragraph, 
and redesignate the succeeding paragraphs accordingly:
          ``(29) State.--The term `State'--
                  ``(A) has the meaning given such term in 
                section 3 of the Workforce Innovation and 
                Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102); and
                  ``(B) includes each of the outlying areas.
  Page 17, line 22, strike ```State',''.
  Page 60, line 7, strike ``and''.
  Page 60, line 17, strike the period at the end and insert ``; 
and''.
  Page 60, after line 17, insert the following new 
subparagraph:
                  ``(F) supporting the retention and completion 
                of program participants in such programs, such 
                as by assisting with the costs--
                          ``(i) related to enrolling in such 
                        programs; or
                          ``(ii) of assessments related to 
                        obtaining a recognized postsecondary 
                        credential.
  Page 74, line 2, insert ``(as defined in section 2)'' after 
``means a State''.
  Page 74, strike lines 4 through 7, and redesignate the 
succeeding subparagraphs accordingly.
  Page 80, line 19, strike ``joint-labor management'' and 
insert ``joint labor-management''.
  Page 86, line 8, insert ``a cumulative'' after ``less than''.
  Page 86, line 10, insert ``from a nontraditional 
apprenticeship industry or occupation as of the date of the 
enactment of the National Apprenticeship Act of 2020'' after 
``sponsor''.
  Page 90, lines 6 through 8, strike ``sponsor that is reviewed 
and approved by the sponsor to the agreement with the sponsor 
of an apprenticeship program,'' and insert ``sponsor of the 
pre-apprenticeship program that is developed in consultation 
with the sponsor of the apprenticeship program described in 
paragraph (2)(A),''.
  Page 97, line 3, strike ``costs''.
  Page 97, line 4, strike ``or related instruction'' and insert 
``, related instruction, or assessment or licensure fees''.
  Page 98, lines 15 through 17, strike ``methods'' and all that 
follows through ``agency.'' and insert ``methods the program 
sponsor will use to report data describing outcomes associated 
with the program as required by the registration agency--
                  ``(A) on an annual basis for any program 
                sponsor with fewer than 5 program participants; 
                or
                  ``(B) on a quarterly basis for any program 
                sponsor with 5 or more program participants.
  Page 116, line 12, strike ``and 112'' and insert ``, 112, 
131, and 132''.
  Page 123, beginning line 7, strike ``joint-labor management'' 
and insert ``joint labor-management''.
  Page 136, line 17, insert ``assessment or licensure fees,'' 
after ``equipment,''.
  Page 141, line 23, insert ``or assessment or licensure fees'' 
before ``associated''.
  Page 142, line 22, strike ``labor management'' and insert 
``labor-management''.
  Page 144, line 17, insert ``, assessment or licensure fees,'' 
before ``or wages''.
  Page 145, line 17, insert ``, assessment or licensure fees,'' 
before ``or wages''.
  Page 146, line 20, insert ``, assessment or licensure fees,'' 
before ``or wages''.
  Page 147, line 11, insert ``, assessment or licensure fees,'' 
before ``or wages''.
  Page 151, line 9, strike ``joint-labor management'' and 
insert ``joint labor-management''.

         PART B--TEXT OF AMENDMENTS TO H.R. 8294 MADE IN ORDER

 1. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Beyer of Virginia or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 94, strike lines 15 through 18 and insert the following:
          ``(3) The program provides--
                  ``(A) all individuals with an equal 
                opportunity to participate in the program as 
                described in subparagraphs (B) and (C) of 
                section 111(b)(7); and
                  ``(B) materials that conform with 
                accessibility standards under section 508 of 
                the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 
                794d), such as materials that conform with the 
                most recent Web Content Accessibility 
                Guidelines.''
  Page 85, line 9, strike ``and''.
  Page 85, line 12, strike the period and insert ``; and''.
  Page 85, after line 12, insert the following:
                          ``(v) where appropriate and to the 
                        extent practicable, incorporate the 
                        principles of universal design for 
                        learning under section 103 of the 
                        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                        1003).''
  Page 115, beginning on line 9, strike ``nontraditional'' and 
all that follows through ``participation'' and insert 
``participation of nontraditional apprenticeship populations 
and individuals with barriers to employment, including 
individuals with disabilities,''.
                              ----------                              


 2. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Brown of Maryland or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 35, after line 19, insert ``(at least 1 of which 
represents a women, minority, or veteran-owned business)'' 
after ``program''.
                              ----------                              


3. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Cardenas of California 
               or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 37, line 11, strike ``an apprentice'' and insert ``a 
program participant''.
                              ----------                              


4. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Castro of Texas or His 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 117, line 19, insert ``media and entertainment,'' after 
``healthcare,''.
                              ----------                              


5. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Crow of Colorado or His 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 117, line 19, insert ``education,'' after ``health 
care,''.
  Page 118, line 22, insert ``, elementary school, and 
secondary school'' after ``childhood''.
                              ----------                              


 6. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Horsford of Nevada or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 11, beginning on line 7, strike ``connecting'' and all 
that follows through ``system'' and insert ``supporting the 
recruitment, retention, and completion of potential program 
participants, including nontraditional apprenticeship 
populations and individuals with barriers to employment''.
  Page 29, line 2, insert ``national qualified intermediaries, 
including those supporting increased participation of 
nontraditional apprenticeship populations and nontraditional 
apprenticeship industries or occupations,'' after ``program 
participants,''.
  Page 37, strike lines 9 and 10, and insert the following:
                                  ``(VIII) a national qualified 
                                intermediary, including a 
                                national qualified intermediary 
                                that supports increased 
                                participation of nontraditional 
                                apprenticeship populations and 
                                nontraditional apprenticeship 
                                industries or occupations; 
                                and''
  Page 77, line 13, insert ``including minority serving 
institutions,'' after ``postsecondary educational 
institutions,''.
                              ----------                              


7. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Kilmer of Washington or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 117, line 18, insert ``computer science,'' after 
``technology,''.
                              ----------                              


8. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Lamb of Pennsylvania or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 12, line 9, strike ``or''.
  Page 12, line 10, insert ``or veterans-service 
organizations,'' after ``partners,''.
  Page 21, line 9, insert ``veterans-service organizations,'' 
after ``facilities,''
  Page 107, line 21, insert ``veteran status,'' after ``age,''
                              ----------                              


 9. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Levin of Michigan or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 123, line 14, insert ``, and partner with a labor or 
joint labor-management organization'' after ``partnership''.
                              ----------                              


 10. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Meng of New York or 
                 Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 23, line 17, insert before the period the following: ``, 
in user-friendly formats and languages that are easily 
accessible, as determined by the Administrator''.
  Page 38, line 5, strike ``and''.
  Page 38, line 6, strike the period and insert ``; and''.
  Page 38, after line 6, insert the following:
                          ``(xi) the Federal Communications 
                        Commission.''.
  Page 76, line 3, insert before the semicolon the following: 
``, and that are in user-friendly formats and languages that 
are easily accessible, as determined by the Secretaries''.
                              ----------                              


11. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Moore of Wisconsin or 
                 Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 22, line 11, insert ``developing the state plan in 
section 113(c),'' after ``including''.
  Page 22, line 12, insert a comma after ``subtitle B''.
  Page 29, after line 24, insert the following:
                  ``(E) Nontraditional apprenticeship 
                populations.--The Administrator shall regularly 
                evaluate the participation of the 
                nontraditional apprenticeship populations for 
                each of the approved apprenticeable 
                occupations, such as women, minorities, long-
                term unemployed, individuals with a disability, 
                individuals with substance abuse issues, 
                veterans, military spouses, individuals 
                experiencing homelessness, individuals impacted 
                by the criminal or juvenile justice system, and 
                foster and former foster youth.
  Page 30, line 10, strike ``and'' at the end.
  Page 30, line 12, strike the period at the end and insert ``; 
and''.
  Page 30, after line 12, insert the following:
                  ``(D) require regular reports on the 
                performance of state agencies, including on 
                efforts state agencies make to increase 
                employer awareness of apprenticeship programs 
                for employers who have not participated.
  Page 31, line 20, insert ``low-income participants in related 
federal programs,'' after ``disabilities''.
  Page 32, line 15, strike the period at the end and insert ``, 
to better promote participation in the national apprenticeship 
program.''.
  Page 104, after line 15, insert the following: `` and''
                  ``(D) List of disapproved programs.--The 
                registration agency shall maintain a list of 
                programs that were disapproved which includes 
                the reasons for each such disapproval and 
                provide such list to the Administrator at least 
                annually.
  Page 114, line 21, strike ``and'' at the end.
  Page 115, line 2, insert ``and'' at the end.
  Page 115, after line 2, insert the following:
                  ``(E) regularly assess the impact of 
                apprenticeship programs under the national 
                apprentice system in effectively increasing the 
                participation of women, minorities, individuals 
                with disabilities, long term unemployed, 
                individuals impacted by the criminal and 
                juvenile justice system, foster and former 
                foster youth, and individuals with barriers to 
                employment;
                              ----------                              


    12. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Pappas of New 
          Hampshire or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 41, line 14, strike ``and''.
  Page 41, line 24, strike the period and insert a ``; and''.
  Page 41, after line 24, insert the following:
          ``(5) make recommendations on the development of 
        demonstrations projects as described in section 132(f).
  Page 116, after line 8, insert the following:
  ``(f) Demonstration Authority.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        initiate demonstration projects, subject to the 
        recommendation of two-thirds of the voting members of 
        the Advisory Committee, such that each demonstration 
        project--
                  ``(A) is limited in size and scope;
                  ``(B) has a duration of no more than 3 years;
                  ``(C) is carried out in nontraditional 
                apprenticeship industries or occupations; and
                  ``(D) which may include activities that 
                respond to the COVID-19 public health 
                emergency.
          ``(2) Limitation on funding.--In initiating 
        demonstration projects under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary may not use more than $2,000,000 annually 
        from the funding authorized under section 141(a).
                              ----------                              


 13. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Ryan of Ohio or His 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 120, line 7, insert a comma after ``secondary''.
  Page 120, line 8--
          (1) strike ``and''; and
          (2) insert ``, and adult'' after ``postsecondary''.
                              ----------                              


14. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Smith of Washington or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 141, line 24, strike ``or''.
  Page 141, after line 24, insert the following:
                          ``(viii) providing stipends to pre-
                        apprentices enrolled in a pre-
                        apprenticeship program to cover costs 
                        such as housing, transportation, 
                        childcare or out of pocket expenses 
                        resulting from the pre-apprenticeship 
                        program such as assessments and fees 
                        for industry-recognized credentials or 
                        drivers licenses during the time of 
                        enrollment; or''.
  Page 142, line 1, strike ``(viii)'' and insert ``(ix)''.
                              ----------                              


      15. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Smucker of 
         Pennsylvania or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Strike sections 3 and 4, and insert the following:

SEC. 3. RULES AND REGULATIONS.

  In accordance with chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code, 
the Secretary of Labor may prescribe rules and regulations to 
carry out this Act.

SEC. 4. AMENDMENT.

  The Act of August 16, 1937 (commonly referred to as the 
``National Apprenticeship Act''; 50 Stat. 664, chapter 663; 29 
U.S.C. 50 et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  ``(a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the `National 
Apprenticeship Act'.
  ``(b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:
``Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
``Sec. 2. Purposes.
``Sec. 3. Definitions.
``Sec. 4. Transition provisions.
``Sec. 5. Disaggregation of data.

                  ``TITLE I--PROMOTING APPRENTICESHIPS

 ``Subtitle A--The Office of Apprenticeship, State Registration Agency 
                            Approval Process

``Sec. 111. The Office of Apprenticeship.
``Sec. 112. State apprenticeship agencies and State offices of 
          Apprenticeship.

  ``Subtitle B--Process and Standards for the National Apprenticeship 
                                 System

``Sec. 121. Process and Standards.

                 ``Subtitle C--Evaluations and Research

``Sec. 131. Program evaluations and research.

                    ``Subtitle D--General Provisions

``Sec. 141. Authorization of appropriations.

``TITLE II--MODERNIZING THE NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP SYSTEM FOR THE 21ST 
                             CENTURY GRANTS

``Sec. 201. Grant requirements.
``Sec. 202. Grant appropriations.

``SEC. 2. PURPOSES.

  ``(a) Authority.--The purposes of this Act are to authorize 
and direct the Secretary of Labor to--
          ``(1) formulate and promote the furtherance of labor 
        standards necessary to safeguard the welfare of 
        apprentices;
          ``(2) extend the application of such standards by 
        encouraging the inclusion thereof in contracts of 
        apprenticeship (in this Act referred to as 
        `apprenticeship agreements');
          ``(3) bring together employers and labor for the 
        formulation of programs of apprenticeship;
          ``(4) cooperate with State agencies engaged in the 
        formulation and promotion of standards of 
        apprenticeship; and
          ``(5) cooperate with the Secretary of Education.
  ``(b) Additional Programs.--In carrying out the authority 
provided in subsection (a), the Secretary--
          ``(1) shall establish and administer the program 
        under title I; and
          ``(2) may establish and administer additional 
        programs of work-based learning as the Secretary 
        determines appropriate, which may include activities to 
        respond to the COVID-19 public health emergency.

``SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

  ``In titles I and II:
          ``(1) Apprentice.--The term `apprentice' means a 
        program participant in an apprenticeship program.
          ``(2) Apprenticeship agreement.--The term 
        `apprenticeship agreement' means a written agreement 
        under 121 between--
                  ``(A) an apprentice; and
                  ``(B) a sponsor.
          ``(3) Apprenticeship hub.--The term `apprenticeship 
        hub' means a regional or sectoral qualified 
        intermediary recognized by a State apprenticeship 
        agency or a State Office of Apprenticeship as 
        organizing and providing activities and services 
        related to the development of programs under the 
        national apprenticeship system.
          ``(4) Apprenticeable occupation.--The term 
        `apprenticeable occupation' means an occupation that 
        the Secretary has determined meets the requirements of 
        section 121.
          ``(5) Apprenticeship program.--The term 
        `apprenticeship program' means a program that meets the 
        standards described in section 121 and is registered 
        under title I.
          ``(6) Competency.--The term `competency' means the 
        attainment of knowledge, skills, and abilities in a 
        subject area.
          ``(7) Department.--The term `Department' means the 
        Department of Labor.
          ``(8) Education and training provider.--The term 
        `education and training provider' means--
                  ``(A) an area career and technical education 
                school;
                  ``(B) an early college high school;
                  ``(C) an educational service agency;
                  ``(D) a high school;
                  ``(E) a local educational agency or State 
                educational agency;
                  ``(F) an Indian Tribe, Tribal organization, 
                or Tribal educational agency;
                  ``(G) an institution of higher education;
                  ``(H) a minority-serving institution (as 
                described in any of paragraphs (1) through (7) 
                of section 371(a) of the Higher Education Act 
                of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)));
                  ``(I) a provider of adult education and 
                literacy activities under the Adult Education 
                and Family Literacy Act (29 U.S.C. 3271 et 
                seq.);
                  ``(J) a local agency administering plans 
                under title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 
                (29 U.S.C. 720 et seq.), other than section 112 
                or part C of that title (29 U.S.C. 732, 741);
                  ``(K) a related instruction provider, as 
                approved by a registration agency; or
                  ``(L) a consortium of entities described in 
                any of subparagraphs (A) through (K).
          ``(9) Indian tribe; tribal organization.--The terms 
        `Indian Tribe' and `Tribal organization' have the 
        meaning given the terms (without regard to 
        capitalization) in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
        450b).
          ``(10) Interim credential.--"The term `interim 
        credential' means a recognized post-secondary 
        credential issued to an apprentice as certification of 
        attainment of a competency necessary to receive a 
        certificate of completion of an apprenticeship.
          ``(11) Journeyworker.--The term `journeyworker' means 
        a worker who has attained a level of skill, abilities, 
        and competencies recognized within an industry as 
        having mastered the skills and competencies required 
        for the occupation.
          ``(12) National apprenticeship system.--The term 
        `national apprenticeship system' means the 
        apprenticeship programs, youth apprenticeship programs, 
        and pre-apprenticeship programs that meet the 
        requirements of title I.
          ``(13) Under-represented apprenticeship population.--
        The term `under-represented apprenticeship population' 
        means a group of individuals (such as a group of 
        individuals from the same gender or race) the members 
        of which comprise fewer than 25 percent of the 
        individuals participating in a program under the 
        national apprenticeship system.
          ``(14) Nontraditional apprenticeship industry or 
        occupation.--The term `nontraditional apprenticeship 
        industry or occupation' refers to an industry sector or 
        occupation for which there are fewer than 10 percent of 
        all apprentices in all industries or occupations 
        participating.
          ``(15) Program participant.--The term `program 
        participant' means an apprentice, a pre-apprentice, or 
        a youth apprentice.
          ``(16) Qualified intermediary.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `qualified 
                intermediary' means an entity that demonstrates 
                expertise in building, connecting, sustaining, 
                and measuring the performance of partnerships 
                described in subparagraph (B) and serves 
                program participants and employers by--
                          ``(i) connecting employers to 
                        programs under the national 
                        apprenticeship system;
                          ``(ii) assisting in the design and 
                        implementation of such programs, 
                        including curriculum development and 
                        delivery for related instruction;
                          ``(iii) supporting entities, 
                        sponsors, or program administrators in 
                        meeting the registration and reporting 
                        requirements of this Act;
                          ``(iv) providing professional 
                        development activities;
                          ``(v) connecting students or workers 
                        to programs under the national 
                        apprenticeship system;
                          ``(vi) developing and providing 
                        personalized program participant 
                        supports, including by partnering with 
                        organizations to provide access to or 
                        referrals for supportive services and 
                        financial advising;
                          ``(vii) providing services, 
                        resources, and supports for 
                        development, delivery, expansion, or 
                        improvement of programs under the 
                        national apprenticeship system; or
                          ``(viii) serving as a program 
                        sponsor.
                  ``(B) Partnerships.--The partnerships 
                described in subparagraph (A) means 
                partnerships among entities involved in 
                programs under the national apprenticeship 
                system, including--
                          ``(i) industry or sector 
                        partnerships;
                          ``(ii) partnerships among employers, 
                        joint labor-management organizations, 
                        labor organizations, community-based 
                        organizations, State or local workforce 
                        development boards, education and 
                        training providers, social service 
                        organizations, economic development 
                        organizations, Indian Tribes or Tribal 
                        organizations, or one-stop operators, 
                        or one-stop partners, in the State 
                        workforce development system; or
                          ``(iii) partnerships among one or 
                        more of the entities described in 
                        clauses (i) and (ii).
          ``(17) Registration agency.--The term `registration 
        agency' means the Office of Apprenticeship, a State 
        Office of Apprenticeship or State apprenticeship agency 
        that is responsible for--
                  ``(A) approving or denying applications from 
                sponsors for registration of programs under the 
                national apprenticeship system in the State or 
                area covered by the registration agency; and
                  ``(B) carrying out the responsibilities of 
                supporting the youth apprenticeship, pre-
                apprenticeship, or apprenticeship programs 
                registered by the registration agency, in 
                accordance with section 121.
          ``(18) Related instruction.--The term `related 
        instruction' means an organized and systematic form of 
        instruction that meets the requirements of section 121.
          ``(19) Related federal programs.--The term `related 
        Federal programs' means programs or activities under 
        the following:
                  ``(A) The Workforce Innovation and 
                Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).
                  ``(B) The Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49 et 
                seq.).
                  ``(C) The Elementary and Secondary Education 
                Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.).
                  ``(D) The Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1001 et seq.).
                  ``(E) The Individuals with Disabilities 
                Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.).
                  ``(F) Title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 
                1973 (29 U.S.C. 720 et seq.).
                  ``(G) Title V of the Older Americans Act of 
                1965 (42 U.S.C. 3056 et seq.).
                  ``(H) Career and technical education programs 
                at the postsecondary level under the Carl D. 
                Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 
                2006 (20 U.S.C. 2302).
                  ``(I) Chapter 2 of title II of the Trade Act 
                of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2271 et seq.).
                  ``(J) Chapter 41 of title 38, United States 
                Code.
                  ``(K) Employment and training activities 
                carried out under the Community Services Block 
                Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9901 et seq.).
                  ``(L) Employment and training activities 
                carried out by the Department of Housing and 
                Urban Development.
                  ``(M) State unemployment compensation laws 
                (in accordance with applicable Federal law).
                  ``(N) Section 231 of the Second Chance Act of 
                2007 (34 U.S.C. 60541).
                  ``(O) Part A of title IV of the Social 
                Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.).
                  ``(P) Employment and training programs 
                carried out by the Small Business 
                Administration.
                  ``(Q) Section 6(d)(4) of the Food and 
                Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015(d)(4)).
          ``(20) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the 
        Secretary of Labor.
          ``(21) Sponsor.--The term `sponsor' means an 
        employer, joint labor-management organization, trade 
        association, professional association, labor 
        organization, education and training provider, or 
        qualified intermediary that is applying to administer 
        and operate, a program under the national 
        apprenticeship system.
          ``(22) State apprenticeship agency.--The term `State 
        apprenticeship agency' means a State agency recognized 
        as a State apprenticeship agency under section 112.
          ``(23) State apprenticeship council.--The term `State 
        apprenticeship council' means an entity established 
        under section 113(b)(3) to assist the State 
        apprenticeship agency.
          ``(24) State office of apprenticeship.--The term 
        `State office of apprenticeship' means the office 
        designated by the Secretary to administer programs 
        under the national apprenticeship system in such State 
        and meets the requirements of section 111(b)(4).
          ``(25) State or local workforce development boards.--
        The terms `State workforce development board' and 
        `local workforce development board' have the meanings 
        given the terms `State board' and `local board', 
        respectively, in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation 
        and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).
          ``(26) State workforce agency.--The terms `State 
        workforce agency' means the State agency with 
        responsibility for workforce investment activities 
        under chapters 2 and 3 of subtitle B of title I of the 
        Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 
        3121 et seq., 3131 et seq.).
          ``(27) CTE terms.--The terms `area career and 
        technical education school', `articulation agreement', 
        `credit transfer agreement', `postsecondary educational 
        institution', and `work-based learning' have the 
        meanings given in section 3 of the Carl D. Perkins 
        Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
        2302).
          ``(28) ESEA terms.--The terms `dual or concurrent 
        enrollment program', `early college high school', 
        `education service agency', `high school', `local 
        educational agency', `paraprofessional', and `State 
        educational agency' have the meanings given in section 
        8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
        1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
          ``(29) WIOA terms.--The terms `career pathway', `in-
        demand industry sector or occupation', `individual with 
        a barrier to employment', `institution of higher 
        education', `industry or sector partnership', `labor 
        market area', `local area', `recognized postsecondary 
        credential', `one-stop center', `one-stop operator', 
        `one-stop partner', `State', `supportive services' and 
        `workforce development system' have the meanings given 
        in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).

``SEC. 4. TRANSITION PROVISIONS.

  ``The Secretary shall take such actions as the Secretary 
determines to be appropriate to provide for the orderly 
transition to the authority of this Act (as amended by the 
National Apprenticeship Act of 2020) from any authority under 
the Act of August 16, 1937 (commonly referred to as the 
`National Apprenticeship Act'; 50 Stat. 664, chapter 663; 29 
U.S.C. 50 et seq.), as in effect on the day before the date of 
enactment of the National Apprenticeship Act of 2020. In 
accordance with chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code, the 
Secretary may prescribe rules and regulations to carry out this 
Act.

``SEC. 5. DISAGGREGATION OF DATA.

  ``The disaggregation of data under this Act shall not be 
required when the number of program participants in a category 
is insufficient to yield statistically reliable information or 
when the results would reveal personally identifiable 
information about a program participant or would reveal such 
information when combined with other released information.

                  ``TITLE I--PROMOTING APPRENTICESHIPS

 ``Subtitle A--The Office of Apprenticeship, State Registration Agency 
                            Approval Process

``SEC. 111. THE OFFICE OF APPRENTICESHIP.

  ``(a) Responsibilities.--The Secretary shall be responsible 
for the administration of this Act and such functions affecting 
the national apprenticeship system as the Secretary shall 
delegate, which shall include the following:
          ``(1) Apprenticeship development and expansion.--The 
        Secretary is authorized to carry out promotion and 
        awareness activities, including the following:
                  ``(A) Supporting the development or scaling 
                of apprenticeship models nationally, promoting 
                the effectiveness of youth apprenticeship, pre-
                apprenticeship, and apprenticeship programs, 
                and providing promotional materials to, among 
                others, State apprenticeship agencies, State 
                and local workforce development systems, State 
                educational agencies, employers, trade 
                associations, professional associations, 
                industry groups, labor organizations, joint 
                labor-management organizations, education and 
                training providers, and prospective apprentices 
                in such programs.
                  ``(B) Promoting greater diversity in the 
                national apprenticeship system in 
                underrepresented apprenticeship populations, 
                and nontraditional apprenticeship industries 
                and occupations, including by--
                          ``(i) promoting outreach to 
                        underrepresented apprenticeship 
                        populations;
                          ``(ii) engaging minority-serving 
                        institutions, and employers from 
                        nontraditional apprenticeship 
                        industries or occupations; and
                          ``(iii) engaging small, medium-size, 
                        and minority businesses, and employers 
                        in high-skill, high-wage, and in-demand 
                        industry sectors and occupations that 
                        are nontraditional apprenticeship 
                        industries or occupations.
          ``(2) Technical assistance activities.--The Secretary 
        shall--
                  ``(A) provide technical assistance and 
                disseminate best practices as applicable to 
                employers, sponsors, State apprenticeship 
                agencies, qualified intermediaries, education 
                and training or related instruction providers, 
                or other entities; and
                  ``(B) cooperate with the--
                          ``(i) Secretary of Education on 
                        establishing and sharing best practices 
                        for the alignment of apprenticeship 
                        programs with the education system, 
                        including supporting the stackability 
                        and portability of academic credit and 
                        credentials earned as part of such 
                        programs; and
                          ``(ii) State workforce development 
                        systems to promote awareness of 
                        opportunities under the national 
                        apprenticeship system.
          ``(3) State offices of apprenticeship.--
                  ``(A) Establishment of offices.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretary, at 
                        the request of a State described in 
                        clause (ii), shall establish and 
                        operate State Offices of Apprenticeship 
                        to serve as the registration agency for 
                        a State described in clause (ii).
                          ``(ii) Applicable states.--An 
                        applicable State is a State--
                                  ``(I) in which, as of the day 
                                before the date of enactment of 
                                the National Apprenticeship Act 
                                of 2020, the Secretary has 
                                not--
                                          ``(aa) established a 
                                        State Office of 
                                        Apprenticeship; and
                                          ``(bb) is not 
                                        recognized a State 
                                        apprenticeship agency 
                                        under section 112; and
                                  ``(II) submits the request 
                                described in clause (i).
                  ``(B) Vacancies.--Subject to the availability 
                of appropriations, in the case of a State 
                Office of Apprenticeship with a vacant 
                position, the Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) make publicly available 
                        information on such vacancy; and
                          ``(ii) report to the Committee on 
                        Education and Labor of the House of 
                        Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 
                        of the Senate, on the status and length 
                        of such vacancy if such vacancy is not 
                        filled not later than 90 days after 
                        such position has become vacant.
                  ``(C) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph shall be construed to prohibit any 
                State described in subparagraph (A)(ii) from 
                establishing an agency or entity to promote 
                programs under the national apprenticeship 
                system in such State, in coordination with the 
                State Office of Apprenticeship operating in the 
                State, however, such agency or entity may not 
                serve as the registration agency in such State 
                unless it obtains recognition pursuant to 
                section 112.
          ``(4) Quality standards, apprenticeship agreement, 
        and registration review.--In order for the Secretary to 
        support the performance standards of programs under the 
        national apprenticeship system and to extend the 
        application of such standards in apprenticeship 
        agreements, not later than 1 year after the effective 
        date of the National Apprenticeship Act of 2020, and 
        not less than every 5 years thereafter, the Secretary 
        shall review, and where appropriate, update the process 
        for meeting the requirements of subtitle B, including 
        applicable regulations and subregulatory guidance to 
        ensure that such process is easily accessible and 
        efficient to bring together employers and labor as 
        sponsors or potential sponsors of programs under the 
        national apprenticeship system.
          ``(5) Apprenticeable occupations.--
                  ``(A) Proactively approved occupations.--Not 
                later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
                of the National Apprenticeship Act of 2020, the 
                Secretary shall develop regulations outlining a 
                process for proactively establishing and 
                approving standards for apprenticeable 
                occupations in consultation with industry.
                  ``(B) Existing apprenticeable occupations.--
                In consultation with employers, the Secretary 
                shall regularly review and update the 
                requirements for each apprenticeable occupation 
                to ensure that such requirements are in 
                compliance with requirements under this Act, 
                meet the needs of employers in such occupation, 
                and promote the participation of small 
                businesses.
                  ``(C) New apprenticeable occupation.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        shall review and make a determination 
                        on whether to approve an occupation as 
                        an apprenticeable occupation not later 
                        than 45 days after receiving an 
                        application from a person or current or 
                        prospective program sponsor seeking 
                        such approval from the Secretary.
                          ``(ii) Estimated timeline.--If such 
                        determination is not made within 45 
                        days, the Secretary shall provide the 
                        applicant with a written explanation 
                        for the delay and offer an estimated 
                        timeline for a determination.
                  ``(D) Industry recognized occupational 
                standards.--
                          ``(i) In general.--From the funds 
                        appropriated under section 141(a), the 
                        Secretary shall convene, on an ongoing 
                        basis, the industry sector leaders and 
                        experts described in clause (ii) for 
                        the purposes of establishing or 
                        updating specific frameworks of 
                        industry recognized occupational 
                        standards for apprenticeable 
                        occupations (including potential 
                        apprenticeable occupations) that--
                                  ``(I) meet the requirements 
                                of this Act; and
                                  ``(II) describe program scope 
                                and length, related 
                                instruction, on-the-job 
                                training, recognized 
                                postsecondary credentials, and 
                                competencies, and relevant 
                                timelines for review of such 
                                frameworks.
                          ``(ii) Industry sector leaders and 
                        experts.--The sector leaders and 
                        experts are employers, industry 
                        associations, joint labor-management 
                        organizations, labor organizations, 
                        education and training providers, 
                        credential providers, program 
                        participants, and other stakeholders 
                        relevant to the sector or occupation 
                        for which the frameworks are being 
                        established or updated, as determined 
                        by the Secretary.
                          ``(iii) Priority industry recognized 
                        apprenticeable occupations.--In 
                        establishing frameworks under clause 
                        (i) for the first time after the 
                        effective date of the National 
                        Apprenticeship Act of 2020, the 
                        Secretary shall prioritize the 
                        establishment of such standards in 
                        high-skill, high-wage, or in-demand 
                        industry sectors and occupations.
          ``(6) Program oversight and evaluation.--The 
        Secretary shall monitor State apprenticeship agencies 
        and State Offices of Apprenticeship.
          ``(7) Promoting diversity in the national 
        apprenticeship system.--The Secretary shall promote 
        diversity and ensure equal opportunity to participate 
        in programs for apprentices, youth apprentices, and 
        pre-apprentices, including--
                  ``(A) taking steps necessary to promote 
                diversity in apprenticeable occupations under 
                the national apprenticeship system, especially 
                in high-skill, high-wage, or in-demand industry 
                sectors and occupations in areas with high 
                percentages of low-income individuals; and
                  ``(B) ensuring programs under the national 
                apprenticeship system adopt and implement 
                policies to provide for equal opportunity to 
                participate in programs under the national 
                apprenticeship system and do not engage in 
                discrimination as prohibited by section 30.3(a) 
                of title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
                effect on the day before the date of enactment 
                of the National Apprenticeship Act of 2020), or 
                engage in intimidation or retaliation as 
                prohibited by section 30.17 of title 29, Code 
                of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the day 
                before the date of enactment of the National 
                Apprenticeship Act of 2020).
          ``(8) Grants awards.--The Secretary shall award 
        grants under title II.
          ``(9) Coordination.--The Secretary shall coordinate 
        and align programs under the national apprenticeship 
        system with related Federal programs.
  ``(b) Information Collection and Dissemination.--The 
Secretary shall provide for data collection and dissemination 
of information regarding programs under the national 
apprenticeship system, including--
          ``(1) establishing and supporting a single 
        information technology infrastructure to support data 
        collection and reporting from State apprenticeship 
        agencies, State Offices of Apprenticeship, grantees 
        under title II, program sponsors, and program 
        administrators under the national apprenticeship system 
        by providing for a data infrastructure that--
                  ``(A) is developed and maintained by the 
                Secretary, with input from national data and 
                privacy experts, and is informed by best 
                practices related to credential transparency; 
                and
                  ``(B) best meets the needs of the national 
                apprenticeship system stakeholders reporting 
                data to the Secretary or State apprenticeship 
                agencies; and
          ``(2) making nonpersonally identifiable 
        apprenticeship data publicly available, searchable, and 
        comparable so that interested parties can become aware 
        of apprenticeship opportunities and of program outcomes 
        that best meets the needs of youth apprentices, pre-
        apprentices, and apprentices, employers, education and 
        training providers, program sponsors, and relevant 
        stakeholders, including--
                  ``(A) information on program offerings under 
                the national apprenticeship system based on 
                geographical location and apprenticeable 
                occupation;
                  ``(B) information on education and training 
                providers providing opportunities under such 
                system, including whether programs under such 
                system offer dual or concurrent enrollment 
                programs and articulation agreements;
                  ``(C) information about the educational and 
                occupational credentials and related 
                competencies of programs under such system; and
                  ``(D) using the most recent data available to 
                the Office that is consistent with national 
                standards and practices.

``SEC. 112. STATE APPRENTICESHIP AGENCIES AND STATE OFFICES OF 
                    APPRENTICESHIP.

  ``(a) Recognition of State Apprenticeship Agencies.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall recognize a 
        State agency as a State apprenticeship agency in 
        accordance with this section and cooperate with such 
        State apprenticeship agency regarding the formulation 
        and promotion of standards of apprenticeship under 
        subtitle B.
          ``(2) Application.--For a State desiring to have a 
        State agency recognized as a State apprenticeship 
        agency under this section, the Governor shall submit 
        the State plan described in subsection (c)--
                  ``(A) to the Secretary at such time and in 
                such manner as the Secretary may require; or
                  ``(B) to the State workforce board for 
                inclusion in the the State plan under section 
                102 or 103 of the Workforce Innovation and 
                Opportunity Act (20 U.S.C. 3112, 3113).
          ``(3) Review and recognition.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than 90 days 
                after the date on which a State submits the 
                State plan under paragraph (2), the Secretary 
                shall notify the State regarding whether the 
                agency of the State is recognized as a State 
                apprenticeship agency under this section.
                  ``(B) Duration of recognition.--
                          ``(i) Duration.--The recognition of a 
                        State apprenticeship agency shall be 
                        for a 4-year period beginning on the 
                        date the State apprenticeship agency is 
                        notified under subparagraph (A).
                          ``(ii) Notification.--
                                  ``(I) In general.--The 
                                Secretary shall notify a State 
                                apprenticeship agency not later 
                                than 180 days before the last 
                                day of the 4-year period 
                                regarding whether the State 
                                apprenticeship agency is in 
                                compliance with this section.
                                  ``(II) Compliance.--In the 
                                case of a State apprenticeship 
                                agency that is in compliance 
                                with this section, the agency's 
                                recognition under this section 
                                shall be renewed for an 
                                additional 4-year period and 
                                the notification under 
                                subclause (I) shall include 
                                notification of such renewal.
                                  ``(III) Noncompliance.--In 
                                the case of a State 
                                apprenticeship agency that is 
                                not in compliance with this 
                                section, the notification 
                                shall--
                                          ``(aa) specify the 
                                        areas of noncompliance;
                                          ``(bb) require 
                                        corrective action; and
                                          ``(cc) offer 
                                        technical assistance.
                          ``(iii) Renewal after correction.--If 
                        the Secretary determines that a State 
                        apprenticeship agency has corrected the 
                        identified areas of noncompliance under 
                        this subparagraph not later than 180 
                        days of notification of noncompliance, 
                        the State apprenticeship agency's 
                        recognition under this section shall be 
                        renewed for an additional 4-year 
                        period.
                  ``(C) Transition period for state agencies.--
                          ``(i) Transition.--A State agency 
                        that, as of the day before the date of 
                        enactment of the National 
                        Apprenticeship Act of 2020, was 
                        recognized by the Secretary for 
                        purposes of registering apprenticeship 
                        programs in accordance with the Act of 
                        August 16, 1937 (50 Stat. 664, chapter 
                        663; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.), shall 
                        continue to be recognized for 1 year 
                        after the effective date of the 
                        National Apprenticeship Act of 2020.
                          ``(ii) Application for recognition.--
                        Not later than 1 year after the 
                        effective date of the National 
                        Apprenticeship Act of 2020, a State 
                        agency that, as of the day before the 
                        date of enactment of the National 
                        Apprenticeship Act of 2020, was 
                        recognized by the Secretary for 
                        purposes of registering apprenticeship 
                        programs in accordance with the Act of 
                        August 16, 1937 (50 Stat. 664, chapter 
                        663; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.), shall 
                        submit an application under paragraph 
                        (2).
                          ``(iii) Recognition period.--A State 
                        agency described in clause (ii) shall 
                        be recognized as a State apprenticeship 
                        agency under this section for a 4-year 
                        period beginning on the date on which 
                        the Secretary approves the application 
                        submitted by the State agency under 
                        paragraph (2).
  ``(b) Authority of a State Apprenticeship Agency.--
          ``(1) In general.--For the period during which a 
        State apprenticeship agency is recognized under 
        subsection (a) and to maintain such recognition, the 
        State apprenticeship agency shall carry out the 
        requirements of this Act.
          ``(2) Program recognition.--With respect to a State 
        with a State apprenticeship agency, the State 
        apprenticeship agency shall have sole authority to 
        recognize a pre-apprenticeship, youth apprenticeship, 
        or apprenticeship program in such State, which shall 
        include--
                  ``(A) determining whether such program is in 
                compliance with the standards for such program 
                under section 121;
                  ``(B) in the case of such a program that is 
                in compliance with such standards, recognizing 
                the program and providing a certificate of 
                recognition for such program;
                  ``(C) providing technical assistance to 
                current or potential sponsors; and
                  ``(D) in the case of such a program that 
                fails to meet the requirements of this Act, 
                providing for the withdrawal of recognition of 
                the program in accordance with section 131(b).
          ``(3) State apprenticeship council.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State apprenticeship 
                agency may establish and use or continue the 
                use of a State apprenticeship council if the 
                State apprenticeship council operates, or will 
                operate, under the direction of the State 
                apprenticeship agency, and in compliance with 
                the requirements of this Act. The State 
                apprenticeship council shall not have authority 
                to register programs or otherwise control or 
                direct the operations of the State 
                apprenticeship agency.
                  ``(B) Composition.--A State apprenticeship 
                council may be regulatory or advisory in 
                nature, and shall--
                          ``(i) be composed of persons familiar 
                        with apprenticeable occupations; and
                          ``(ii) be fairly balanced, with an 
                        equal number of--
                                  ``(I) representatives of 
                                employer organizations 
                                (including from nontraditional 
                                apprenticeship industries or 
                                occupations);
                                  ``(II) representatives of 
                                labor organizations or joint 
                                labor-management organizations 
                                (including from nontraditional 
                                apprenticeship industries or 
                                occupations); and
                                  ``(III) public members.
                  ``(C) Special rule.--A State apprenticeship 
                council shall not be eligible for recognition 
                as a State apprenticeship agency.
  ``(c) State Plan.--
          ``(1) In general.--
                  ``(A) In general.--For a state apprenticeship 
                agency to be eligible to receive allotments 
                under subsection (f), the State shall submit to 
                the Secretary a State plan in accordance with 
                subsection (a)(2).
                  ``(B) Subsequent plans.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Except as 
                        otherwise provided in this paragraph, a 
                        State plan shall be submitted to the 
                        Secretary not later than 120 days prior 
                        to the end of the 4-year period covered 
                        by the preceding State plan.
                          ``(ii) Approval.--A State plan shall 
                        be subject to the approval of the 
                        Secretary and shall be considered to be 
                        approved at the end of the 90-day 
                        period beginning on the date that the 
                        plan is submitted under this paragraph, 
                        unless the Secretary, during the 90-day 
                        period, provides the State 
                        apprenticeship agency, in writing--
                                  ``(I) an explanation for why 
                                the State plan is inconsistent 
                                with the requirements of this 
                                Act; and
                                  ``(II) an opportunity for an 
                                appeal of such determination.
                  ``(C) Modifications.--
                          ``(i) In general.--At the end of the 
                        first 2-year period of any 4-year State 
                        plan, the State may submit 
                        modifications to the State plan to 
                        reflect changes in labor market and 
                        economic conditions or other factors 
                        affecting the implementation of the 
                        State plan.
                          ``(ii) Approval.--A modified State 
                        plan submitted for review under clause 
                        (i) shall be subject to the approval 
                        requirements described in subparagraph 
                        (B)(ii).
          ``(2) State laws.--The State plan shall include--
                  ``(A) a description of any laws (including 
                regulations), policies, and operational 
                procedures relating to the process of 
                recognizing programs under the national 
                apprenticeship system that are inconsistent 
                with, or impose requirements in addition to, 
                the requirements of this Act; and
                  ``(B) an assurance that the State will notify 
                the Secretary if there are any changes to the 
                State laws (including regulations), policies, 
                or procedures described in subparagraph (A) 
                that occur after the date of submission of such 
                plan.
          ``(3) Technical assistance.--A description of how the 
        State apprenticeship agency will provide technical 
        assistance for--
                  ``(A) potential sponsors, employers, 
                qualified intermediaries, apprentices, or any 
                potential program participant in the national 
                apprenticeship system in the State for the 
                purposes of recruitment, retention, and program 
                development or expansion; and
                  ``(B) sponsors of programs registered in the 
                State that are not meeting performance goals 
                under subtitle C for purposes of assisting such 
                sponsors in meeting such goals.
          ``(4) Reciprocity.--An assurance that the State 
        apprenticeship agency, in the case of a program 
        recognized by a registration agency in another State 
        and seeking registration in the State of such agency 
        under this paragraph, shall recognize such program in 
        the State of such agency for purposes of this Act by 
        not later than 30 days after receipt of an application 
        for such recognition.
          ``(5) Promoting diversity in the national 
        apprenticeship system.--A description of how the State 
        apprenticeship agency will promote diversity and equal 
        employment opportunity in programs under the national 
        apprenticeship system in the State that--
                  ``(A) promotes diversity in apprenticeable 
                occupations offered throughout the State, and a 
                description of how such agency will promote the 
                addition of apprenticeable occupations in high-
                skill, high-wage, or in-demand industry sectors 
                and occupations, and in nontraditional 
                apprenticeship occupations and sectors; and
                  ``(B) provides technical assistance on the 
                implementation of the requirements of section 
                111(b)(7)(B).
          ``(6) Complaints.--A description of the system for 
        the State apprenticeship agency to receive and resolve 
        complaints concerning violations of the apprenticeship 
        agreement, submitted by program participants, sponsors, 
        or employers.
          ``(7) State apprenticeship hubs.--A description of 
        how the State apprenticeship agency will consider the 
        creation and implementation of apprenticeship hubs 
        throughout the State, in a manner that takes into 
        consideration geographic diversity, that shall work 
        with industry and sector partnerships to expand 
        programs under the national apprenticeship system, and 
        apprenticeable occupations, in the State.
          ``(8) State apprenticeship performance outcomes.--A 
        description of how the State apprenticeship agency 
        shall--
                  ``(A) in coordination with the Secretary, 
                establish annual performance goals for the 
                programs registered by the State apprenticeship 
                agency for the indicators described in section 
                131(b)(1)(A);
                  ``(B) describe how the State apprenticeship 
                agency will collect performance data from 
                programs registered by the agency; and
                  ``(C) annually report on the outcomes of each 
                such program in relation to the State 
                established goals under subparagraph (A).
          ``(10) Alignment of workforce activities.--Each State 
        plan shall describe how programs under the national 
        apprenticeship system in the State are aligned with 
        State workforce and education activities.
          ``(11) State apprenticeship council.--A description 
        of the composition, roles, and responsibility of the 
        State apprenticeship council, if such council exists, 
        and how the Council will comply with the requirements 
        of subsection (b)(3).
  ``(d) State Apprenticeship Agency Funding.--A State 
apprenticeship agency shall use funds received under subsection 
(f)(1)(A)(ii) according to the following requirements:
          ``(1) Program administration.--The State 
        apprenticeship agency shall use such funds to support 
        the administration of programs under the national 
        apprenticeship system across the State, including for--
                  ``(A) staff and resources;
                  ``(B) oversight and evaluation as required 
                under this Act;
                  ``(C) technical assistance to program 
                sponsors, program participants, employers, 
                education and training providers, and qualified 
                intermediaries;
                  ``(D) pre-apprenticeship, youth, and 
                apprenticeship program recruitment and 
                development, including for--
                          ``(i) engaging potential providers of 
                        such programs such as employers, 
                        qualified intermediaries, related 
                        instruction providers, and potential 
                        program participants;
                          ``(ii) publicizing apprenticeship 
                        opportunities and benefits; and
                          ``(iii) engaging State workforce and 
                        education systems for collaboration and 
                        alignment across systems; and
                  ``(E) supporting the enrollment and 
                apprenticeship certification requirements to 
                allow veterans and other individuals eligible 
                for the educational assistance programs under 
                chapters 30 through 36 of title 38, United 
                States Code, and any related educational 
                assistance programs under laws administered by 
                the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, to use such 
                assistance for the apprenticeship program, 
                including the requirement of designating a 
                certifying official.
          ``(2) Leadership activities.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State apprenticeship 
                agency may reserve not more than 25 percent of 
                the funds received under subsection (f) in 
                support of State apprenticeship initiatives 
                described in this paragraph.
                  ``(B) Diversity.--Not less than 5 percent of 
                the amount reserved under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be used by the State apprenticeship 
                agency for supporting and expanding diversity 
                in apprenticeable occupations under the 
                national apprenticeship system in the State, 
                and program participant populations in the 
                State.
                  ``(C) Incentives for employers.--A State 
                apprenticeship agency may use the funds 
                reserved under subparagraph (A) to incentivize 
                employers to participate in programs under the 
                national apprenticeship system.
                  ``(D) State-specific initiatives.--A State 
                apprenticeship agency may use the funds 
                reserved under subparagraph (A) for State-
                specific initiatives, such as the development 
                or expansion of youth apprenticeship programs, 
                pre-apprenticeship programs, or apprenticeship 
                programs in high-skill, high-wage, or in-demand 
                industry sectors and occupations.
                  ``(E) Workforce alignment.--A State 
                apprenticeship agency may use the funds 
                reserved under subparagraph (A) to engage with 
                the State's workforce development system in 
                support of alignment with the State's workforce 
                activities and strategic vision.
                  ``(F) Education alignment.--A State 
                apprenticeship agency may use the funds 
                reserved under subparagraph (A) to engage with 
                the State education system in support of 
                alignment of related instruction provided under 
                the national apprenticeship system in the State 
                with academic credit granting postsecondary 
                programs.
          ``(3) State match for federal investment.--Except in 
        the case of exceptional circumstances, as determined by 
        the Secretary, in order to receive a full allotment 
        under subsection (f), a State apprenticeship agency 
        shall use matching funds from non-Federal resources to 
        carry out the activities of the agency under this Act 
        in an amount not less than 15 percent of such 
        allotment.
  ``(e) Derecognition of State Apprenticeship Agencies.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may withdraw 
        recognition of a State apprenticeship agency before the 
        end of the agency's 4-year recognition period under 
        subsection (a)(2)(B) if the Secretary determines, after 
        notice and an opportunity for a hearing, that the State 
        apprenticeship agency has failed for one of the reasons 
        described in paragraph (2), and has not been in 
        compliance with the performance improvement plan under 
        paragraph (3) to remedy such failure.
          ``(2) Derecognition criteria.--The recognition of a 
        State apprenticeship agency under this section may be 
        withdrawn under paragraph (1) in a case in which the 
        State apprenticeship agency fails to--
                  ``(A) adopt or properly enforce a State plan;
                  ``(B) properly carry out its role as the sole 
                registration agency in the State;
                  ``(C) submit a report under section 
                131(a)(1)(B) for any program year;
                  ``(D) meet the State levels of performance as 
                described in subsection (b)(2)(A)(iii) for 3 
                program years, or demonstrate improvements in 
                performance during such period; or
                  ``(E) otherwise fulfill or operate in 
                compliance with the requirements of this Act.
          ``(3) Derecognition process.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If a State apprenticeship 
                agency fails for any of the reasons described 
                in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall provide 
                technical assistance to such agency for 
                corrective action to remedy such failure, 
                including assistance in the development of a 
                performance improvement plan.
                  ``(B) Reduction of funds.--Except in the case 
                of exceptional circumstances as determined by 
                the Secretary, in a case in which such a State 
                apprenticeship agency continues such failure 
                after the provision of the technical assistance 
                under subparagraph (A)--
                          ``(i) the percentage of the funds to 
                        be allotted to the State apprenticeship 
                        agency under subsection (f) for each 
                        fiscal year following the fiscal year 
                        in which such failure has been 
                        identified shall be reduced by 5 
                        percentage points; and
                          ``(ii) the Secretary shall provide 
                        notice to the State apprenticeship 
                        agency that the agency's recognition 
                        under this section may be withdrawn if 
                        the agency fails to remedy the failure.
                  ``(C) Termination of proceedings.--If the 
                Secretary determines that the State 
                apprenticeship agency's corrective action under 
                subparagraph (A) has addressed the agency's 
                failure identified under paragraph (2), the 
                Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) restore the agency's full 
                        funding allocation under this title for 
                        the next full fiscal year and for each 
                        succeeding year; and
                          ``(ii) notify the State 
                        apprenticeship agency that the agency's 
                        recognition will not be withdrawn under 
                        this section for the reason for which 
                        the agency's funding under this title 
                        was most recently reduced.
                  ``(D) Opportunity for hearing.--
                          ``(i) In general.--In a case in which 
                        a State apprenticeship agency fails to 
                        remedy a failure identified under 
                        paragraph (2), the Secretary shall--
                                  ``(I) notify, in writing, the 
                                State apprenticeship agency of 
                                the failure of the State 
                                apprenticeship agency, 
                                including a description of such 
                                failure and an explanation the 
                                agency's recognition under this 
                                section may be withdrawn as a 
                                result of such failure; and
                                  ``(II) offer the State 
                                apprenticeship agency an 
                                opportunity to request a 
                                hearing not later than 30 days 
                                after the date of such notice.
                          ``(ii) Referral to office of 
                        administrative law judges.--In a case 
                        in which the State apprenticeship 
                        agency requests a hearing under clause 
                        (i)(II), the Secretary shall refer the 
                        matter to the Department's Office of 
                        Administrative Law Judges, which shall 
                        adjudicate the matter pursuant to its 
                        regulations, with an opportunity to 
                        appeal the Administrative Law Judge's 
                        decision to the Department's 
                        Administrative Review Board.
          ``(4) Requirements after withdrawal of recognition.--
                  ``(A) Office of apprenticeship.--
                          ``(i) Prior to order.--Prior to the 
                        withdrawal of the recognition of a 
                        State apprenticeship agency under this 
                        section, the Secretary shall--
                                  ``(I) establish a State 
                                Office of Apprenticeship using 
                                the process described in 
                                section 111(b)(3); and
                                  ``(II) provide to the State 
                                apprenticeship agency an order 
                                withdrawing recognition of such 
                                agency under this section.
                          ``(ii) After order.--Not later than 
                        30 days after the date of such order, 
                        notify the sponsors of the programs 
                        under the national apprenticeship 
                        system in such State that were 
                        registered with the State 
                        apprenticeship agency to enable each 
                        such sponsor to be registered with the 
                        Secretary (acting through the State 
                        Office of Apprenticeship established 
                        under clause (i)(II)).
                  ``(B) State apprenticeship agency 
                requirements.--A State agency whose recognition 
                as a State apprenticeship agency under this 
                section has been withdrawn under paragraph (3) 
                shall--
                          ``(i) provide to the Secretary 
                        program standards, apprenticeship 
                        agreements, completion records, 
                        cancellation and suspension records, 
                        performance metrics, and any other 
                        documents relating to the State's 
                        programs under the national 
                        apprenticeship system in the State;
                          ``(ii) cooperate fully during the 
                        transition period beginning on the date 
                        of the order withdrawing such 
                        recognition and ending on the date on 
                        which the Secretary establishes a State 
                        Office of Apprenticeship in the State; 
                        and
                          ``(iii) return any unused funds 
                        received under this Act.
          ``(5) Reinstatement of recognition.--A State 
        apprenticeship agency that has had its recognition 
        withdrawn under this section may have such recognition 
        reinstated upon presentation of adequate evidence that 
        the State apprenticeship agency has--
                  ``(A) has submitted an application under 
                subsection (a)(2), and
                  ``(B) has demonstrated the ability to operate 
                in compliance with the requirements of this 
                Act.
  ``(f) Reservation and State Allotments.--
          ``(1) State allotments.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Of the amount appropriated 
                under subsection (g) for a fiscal year--
                          ``(i) 1/3 shall be equally 
                        distributed among each State Office of 
                        Apprenticeship, outlying area, and 
                        eligible State; and
                          ``(ii) 2/3 shall be allotted to 
                        eligible States on the basis described 
                        in subparagraph (B).
                  ``(B) Formula.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Of the amount 
                        available under subparagraph (A)(ii)--
                                  ``(I) 50 percent shall be 
                                allotted on the basis of the 
                                relative share of apprentices 
                                in each eligible State, as 
                                determined on the basis of the 
                                most recent satisfactory data 
                                available from the Secretary, 
                                compared to the total number of 
                                apprentices in all eligible 
                                States; and
                                  ``(II) 50 percent shall be 
                                allotted on the basis described 
                                in clause (ii).
                          ``(ii) Allotments.--Of the amount 
                        available under clause (i)(II)--
                                  ``(I) 33\1/3\ percent shall 
                                be allotted on the basis of the 
                                relative share of jobs that are 
                                available in each eligible 
                                State on the last business day 
                                of the month, as determined on 
                                the basis of the most recent 
                                satisfactory data available 
                                from the Secretary, compared to 
                                the total number of jobs 
                                available in all eligible 
                                States, as so determined; and
                                  ``(II) 33\1/3\ percent shall 
                                be allotted the basis of the 
                                relative number of unemployed 
                                individuals in areas of 
                                substantial unemployment in 
                                each State, compared to the 
                                total number of unemployed 
                                individuals in areas of 
                                substantial unemployment in all 
                                eligible States; and
                                  ``(III) 33\1/3\ percent shall 
                                be allotted on the basis of the 
                                relative share of individuals 
                                in the civilian labor force in 
                                each eligible State, compared 
                                to the total number of 
                                individuals in the civilian 
                                labor force in all eligible 
                                States.
          ``(2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                  ``(A) Area of substantial unemployment.--The 
                term `area of substantial unemployment' has the 
                meaning given the term in section 
                132(b)(1)(B)(v) of the Workforce Innovation and 
                Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3172(b)(1)(B)(v)).
                  ``(B) Eligible state.--The term `eligible 
                State' means a State that has a State 
                apprenticeship agency.
                  ``(C) Outlying area.--The term `outlying 
                area' means American Samoa, Guam, the 
                Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, 
                and the United States Virgin Islands.
  ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section--
          ``(1) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
          ``(2) $76,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
          ``(3) $77,000,000 for fiscal year 2023;
          ``(4) $78,000,000 for fiscal year 2024; and
          ``(5) $79,000,000 for fiscal year 2025.

  ``Subtitle B--Process and Standards for the National Apprenticeship 
                                 System

``SEC. 121. PROCESS AND STANDARDS.

  ``(a) Apprenticeship.--
          ``(1) Approval.--For an occupation to be an 
        apprenticeable occupation under this Act, an entity 
        seeking approval for such occupation to be an 
        apprenticeable occupation shall submit an application 
        to the Secretary that demonstrates that apprenticeships 
        under such apprenticeable occupation will prepare 
        individuals for the full range of skills and 
        competencies needed for such occupation through a time-
        based, competency-based, or a hybrid model as described 
        in section 121(b)(1)(D).
          ``(2) Additional apprenticeable occupations.--The 
        Secretary, in consultation with employers and other 
        stakeholders in related industries, may establish 
        standards for additional apprenticeable occupations as 
        necessary.
  ``(b) Apprenticeship Program Standards.--In addition to the 
standards described in subsection (e), an apprenticeship 
program shall meet the following standards:
          ``(1) The program has an organized and clearly 
        written plan, developed by the sponsor, that includes, 
        at a minimum, the following information:
                  ``(A) The employment and training to be 
                received by each apprentice participating in 
                the program, including--
                          ``(i) an outline of the work 
                        processes or the plan in which the 
                        apprentice will receive supervised work 
                        experience and on-the-job learning;
                          ``(ii) the allocation of the 
                        approximate amount of time to be spent 
                        in each major work process; and
                          ``(iii) a description or timeline 
                        explaining the periodic reviews and 
                        evaluations of the apprentice's 
                        performance on the job and in related 
                        instruction.
                  ``(B) A description of the organized, related 
                instruction the apprentice will receive in 
                technical subjects related to the occupation, 
                which--
                          ``(i) for time-based or hybrid 
                        apprenticeship programs as described in 
                        subparagraph (D), shall include not 
                        less than 144 hours for each year of 
                        apprenticeship, unless an alternative 
                        requirement is put forth by the 
                        employer and sponsor that reflects 
                        industry standards and is accepted by 
                        the registration agency;
                          ``(ii) may be accomplished through 
                        classroom instruction, occupational or 
                        industry courses, instruction provided 
                        through electronic media, or other 
                        instruction approved by the 
                        registration agency; and
                          ``(iii) shall be provided by one or 
                        more qualified instructors that--
                                  ``(I) meet the requirements 
                                for a vocational-technical 
                                instructor in the State of 
                                registration; or
                                  ``(II) are subject matter 
                                experts, defined for purposes 
                                of this subparagraph as 
                                individuals recognized within 
                                an industry as having expertise 
                                in a specific occupation.
                  ``(C) A progressively increasing, clearly 
                defined schedule of wages to be paid to the 
                apprentice that is--
                          ``(i) consistent with skill gains or 
                        attainment of a recognized 
                        postsecondary credential; and
                          ``(ii) ensures the entry wage is not 
                        less than the greater of--
                                  ``(I) the minimum wage 
                                required under section 6(a) of 
                                the Fair Labor Standards Act of 
                                1938 (29 U.S.C. 206(a)); or
                                  ``(II) the applicable wage 
                                required by other applicable 
                                Federal or State laws 
                                (including regulations) or 
                                collective bargaining 
                                agreements.
                  ``(D) The term of the apprenticeship program, 
                which may be measured using--
                          ``(i) a time-based model, which 
                        requires the completion of the industry 
                        standard for on-the-job learning hours 
                        (which in no case shall be less than 
                        2,000 hours, unless an alternative 
                        requirement is put forth by the 
                        employer and sponsor that reflects 
                        industry standards and is accepted by 
                        the registration agency);
                          ``(ii) a competency-based model, 
                        which requires the attainment of 
                        competency in the occupation; or
                          ``(iii) a hybrid model, which blends 
                        the time-based and competency-based 
                        approaches.
                  ``(E) The methods used to measure an 
                apprentice's skills and competencies, which 
                shall include--
                          ``(i) in the case of a competency-
                        based model, the individual 
                        apprentice's successful demonstration 
                        of acquired skills and knowledge 
                        through appropriate means of testing 
                        and evaluation for such competencies, 
                        and by requiring apprentices to 
                        complete a paid on-the-job learning 
                        component of the apprenticeship;
                          ``(ii) in the case of a time-based 
                        apprenticeship described in 
                        subparagraph (D)(i), the individual 
                        apprentice's completion of the required 
                        hours of on-the-job learning as 
                        described in a work process schedule; 
                        or
                          ``(iii) in the case of a hybrid 
                        apprenticeship described in 
                        subparagraph (D)(iii), a combination of 
                        specified minimum number of hours of 
                        on-the-job learning and the successful 
                        demonstration of competency, as 
                        described in a work process schedule.
          ``(2) The program equally grants advanced standing or 
        credit to all individuals applying for the 
        apprenticeship with demonstrated competency or acquired 
        experience or skills, and provides commensurate wages 
        for any progression in standing or credit so granted, 
        including for veterans' service-acquired skills and 
        experiences.
          ``(3) The program has minimum qualifications for 
        individuals desiring to enter the apprenticeship 
        program, with an eligible starting age for an 
        apprentice of not less than 16 years.
          ``(4) In the case of a program that chooses to issue 
        an interim credential, the program--
                  ``(A) clearly identifies each interim 
                credential;
                  ``(B) only issues an interim credential for 
                recognized components of an apprenticeable 
                occupation and demonstrates how each interim 
                credential specifically links to the knowledge, 
                skills, and abilities associated with such 
                components; and
                  ``(C) establishes the process for assessing 
                an individual apprentice's demonstration of 
                competency and measurable skill gains 
                associated with the particular interim 
                credential.
  ``(c) Pre-apprenticeship Program Standards.--In addition to 
the standards described in subsection (e), a pre-apprenticeship 
program shall meet the following standards:
          ``(1) The program is designed to assist individuals 
        who do not meet minimum qualifications for an 
        apprenticeship program as described in subsection (b), 
        and prepare them to enter and succeed in apprenticeship 
        programs, including by providing the skills and 
        competency attainment needed to enter the 
        apprenticeship program.
          ``(2) The program includes a written plan developed 
        by the sponsor that--
                  ``(A) provides for work-based learning in 
                which an industry or sector partnership and a 
                related instruction provider collaborate to 
                provide training that will introduce 
                participants to the skills, competencies, and 
                materials used in one or more apprenticeable 
                occupations;
                  ``(B) is based on and aligned with national, 
                State, regional, or local industry standards 
                for high-skill, high-wage, or in-demand 
                industry sectors and occupations;
                  ``(C) to the extent appropriate and 
                practicable, meets the related instruction 
                requirements as described in clauses (ii) 
                through (iv) of subsection (b)(1)(C); and
                  ``(D) includes mentoring, career exposure, 
                career planning, and career awareness 
                activities.
  ``(d) Youth Apprenticeship Program Standards.--In addition to 
the standards described in subsection (e), a youth 
apprenticeship program shall meet the following standards:
          ``(1) The program is designed for youth apprentices 
        who at the start of the program are enrolled in high 
        school.
          ``(2) The program includes each of the following core 
        elements:
                  ``(A) The employment and training to be 
                received by each youth apprentice participating 
                in the program, including--
                          ``(i) an outline of the work 
                        processes or the plan in which the 
                        youth apprentice will receive 
                        supervised work experience;
                          ``(ii) the allocation of the 
                        approximate amount of time to be spent 
                        in each major work process; and
                          ``(iii) a description or timeline 
                        explaining the periodic reviews and 
                        evaluations of the youth apprentice's 
                        performance on the job and in related 
                        instruction.
                  ``(B) Related classroom-based instruction, 
                which may be fulfilled through dual or 
                concurrent enrollment.
                  ``(C) The term of the youth apprenticeship 
                program, as described in subsection (b)(1)(E).
                  ``(D) For a competency-based or hybrid youth 
                apprenticeship program, the methods used to 
                measure skill acquisition for a youth 
                apprentice, including ongoing assessment 
                against established skill and competency 
                standards as described in subsection (a)(1)(F).
                  ``(E) Prepares the youth apprentice for 
                placement in further education, employment, or 
                an apprenticeship program.
          ``(3) In the case of a youth apprenticeship program 
        that chooses to issue an interim credential, the 
        program meets the requirements of subsection (b)(4).
  ``(e) General Requirements.--Each program under the national 
apprenticeship system shall meet the following standards:
          ``(1) The program has safe equipment, environments, 
        and facilities for on-the-job learning and supervision.
          ``(2) The program records and maintains all records 
        concerning the program as may be required by the 
        Secretary, the registration agency of the program, or 
        any other applicable law, including records required 
        under title 38, United States Code, in order for 
        veterans and other individuals eligible for educational 
        assistance under such title to use such assistance for 
        enrollment in the program.
          ``(3) The program provides all individuals with an 
        equal opportunity to participate in the program as 
        described in section 111(b)(7)(B).
          ``(4) The program awards a certificate of completion 
        in recognition of successful completion of the program, 
        evidenced by an appropriate certificate issued by the 
        registration agency.
          ``(5) The program provides that an individual who is 
        to become a program participant under the program 
        enters into a written apprenticeship agreement 
        described in subsection (g) with the sponsor of the 
        program.
  ``(f) Waiver or Modification Authority.--The Secretary shall 
have authority to--
          ``(1) waive any requirements of subsections (b) 
        through (e) for small businesses or first-time sponsors 
        who demonstrate a need for such waiver; and
          ``(2) modify the requirements of subsections (b) 
        through (e), as applicable, upon request from employers 
        or other industry stakeholders.
  ``(g) Apprenticeship Agreements.--To ensure the standards 
described in subsections (a) through (e) are applied to 
programs under the national apprenticeship system, the 
registration agency shall require a sponsor to develop an 
apprenticeship agreement that shall--
          ``(1) be the same for each program participant;
          ``(2) contain the names and signatures of the program 
        participant and the sponsor;
          ``(3) meet the requirements of subsection (h), and 
        any other requirements determined solely by the 
        sponsor; and
          ``(4) be submitted to the registration agency in 
        accordance with section 121(i).
  ``(h) Apprenticeship Agreement Standards.--Each agreement 
under subsection (g) shall contain, explicitly or by 
reference--
          ``(1) in the case of an apprenticeship program--
                  ``(A) that is time-based, a statement of the 
                number of hours to be spent by the program 
                participant in on-the-job learning and work 
                components in order to complete the program;
                  ``(B) that is competency-based, a description 
                of the skill sets to be attained by completion 
                of the program, including the on-the-job 
                learning and work components; or
                  ``(C) that is hybrid-based, the minimum 
                number of hours to be spent by the program 
                participant in on-the-job learning and work 
                components and in related instruction, and a 
                description of the skill sets and competencies 
                to be attained by completion of the program;
          ``(2) the number of hours and form of related 
        instruction;
          ``(3) a schedule of the work processes in the 
        occupation or industry divisions in which the program 
        participant is to be educated and the approximate time 
        to be spent at each process;
          ``(4) for apprenticeships, the graduated wage scale 
        to be paid to the apprentices in the apprentices' 
        locality, benefits offered to the apprentices in the 
        apprentices' locality, and how the wages and benefits 
        compare to State, local, or regional wages in the 
        related occupation;
          ``(5) assurance of compliance with section 
        111(b)(7)(B) stating that the program participant will 
        be accorded equal opportunity; and
          ``(6) the ratio of program participants to mentors, 
        journeyworkers, or on-the-job training instructors, as 
        applicable, for the apprenticeable occupation, that are 
        based on evidence-based and evidence-informed best 
        practices for safety throughout the work processes of 
        the program, job site, department, or plant.
  ``(i) Apprenticeship Registration Application.--The Secretary 
shall provide for the registration of programs in which a 
sponsor applying to register a program under the national 
apprenticeship system shall request registration of such 
program from a registration agency by submitting the 
information required by the registration agency, including--
          ``(1) information demonstrating that each of the 
        requirements of subsections (a) through (f) will be met 
        for the program;
          ``(2) a copy of the apprenticeship agreement 
        described in subsection (g) used by the sponsor;
          ``(3) a written assurance that, if the program is 
        registered under this title, the sponsor will 
        administer the program in accordance with the 
        requirements of this title and comply with the 
        requirements of the apprenticeship agreement for each 
        apprentice; and
          ``(4) methods for reporting annually data describing 
        the outcomes associated with the program as required by 
        the registration agency.
  ``(j) Recognition and Registration Process.--
          ``(1) Review and approval process.--
                  ``(A) Provisional approval review.--An 
                application submitted under subsection (i) that 
                the registration agency determines meets the 
                requirements described in such subsection shall 
                be registered for a provisional 1-year period 
                beginning not later than 30 days after such 
                application is submitted. During such period, 
                the registration agency shall accept and record 
                the apprenticeship agreement as evidence of the 
                program's compliance and registration to 
                operate such program.
                  ``(B) Full approval or extended provisional 
                approval.--By the end of a provisional 
                registration period for a program, the 
                registration agency providing provisional 
                approval under subparagraph (A) shall review 
                the program for quality and for compliance with 
                the applicable standards under this subtitle 
                and all other applicable program requirements 
                under this Act, and--
                          ``(i) if a registration agency 
                        conducting a provisional review 
                        determines that the program complies 
                        with the standards and requirements 
                        under this Act, the registration agency 
                        shall fully approve the registration of 
                        the program; or
                          ``(ii) if a registration agency 
                        conducting a provisional review 
                        determines that the program is not 
                        conforming to the requirements or 
                        standards under this Act, the 
                        registration agency may continue the 
                        provisional registration of the program 
                        through the first full training cycle 
                        for program participants, and conduct 
                        an additional provisional review at the 
                        conclusion of the training cycle.
                  ``(C) Failure to meet requirements.--If a 
                registration agency conducting a provisional 
                review under subparagraph (A) determines that 
                the program is not in operation or does not 
                conform to the requirements under this Act, the 
                registration agency shall recommend technical 
                assistance and corrective action for the 
                program, or deregistration, in accordance with 
                procedures established under section 131(b).
          ``(2) Certificate of registration.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A registration agency that 
                registers a program under paragraph (1) shall--
                          ``(i) provide the sponsor of the 
                        program with a certificate of 
                        registration or other written evidence 
                        of registration;
                          ``(ii) provide a copy of the 
                        certificate of registration; and
                          ``(iii) provide a copy of the 
                        certificate of registration to the 
                        Secretary of Veterans Affairs or the 
                        applicable State veterans agency for 
                        the purpose of aligning the 
                        registration process with the process 
                        for approving such program for eligible 
                        veterans' use of supplemental 
                        educational assistance benefits.
                  ``(B) Registration name.--A program shall be 
                registered in the name of the sponsor, or if a 
                sponsor enters into a partnership with an 
                employer who registers the program, in the name 
                of the employer.
          ``(3) Program participant registration.--A sponsor 
        providing a program that is registered in accordance 
        with paragraph (2) shall provide to an individual 
        seeking to be a program participant the opportunity to 
        apply through the sponsor, and shall--
                  ``(A) enter into a written individual 
                apprenticeship agreement described in 
                subsection (g) with each such individual before 
                the commencement of the program; and
                  ``(B) individually register each program 
                participant with the registration agency by 
                filing a copy of the individual apprenticeship 
                agreement with the registration agency or as 
                otherwise required by the registration agency, 
                and sharing a copy with the Secretary as 
                appropriate, as described under subsection (i).
          ``(4) Transition process for previously approved 
        programs.--With respect to the sponsor of a program 
        that is approved for apprenticeship purposes as of the 
        day before the date of enactment of the National 
        Apprenticeship Act of 2020, a registration agency shall 
        do the following:
                  ``(A) If such program meets the requirements 
                of this Act, take such steps as necessary to 
                ensure such program maintains status as a 
                program under this Act.
                  ``(B) If such program does not comply with 
                the requirements of this Act, provide technical 
                assistance to ensure such sponsor is in 
                compliance with this Act not later than 3 years 
                after the date of the date of enactment of this 
                Act.
  ``(k) Modifications or Changes to Youth Apprenticeship, Pre-
apprenticeship, or Apprenticeship Programs.--
          ``(1) Sponsor proposal.--Any sponsor that wishes to 
        modify a program shall submit the proposal for such 
        modification to the registration agency for the 
        program.
          ``(2) Registration agency requirements.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The registration agency 
                shall determine whether to approve the proposal 
                and notify the sponsor of the determination by 
                not later than 60 days after receipt of the 
                proposal.
                  ``(B) Approval of proposal.--If the proposal 
                is approved, the registration agency shall 
                amend the record of the program to reflect the 
                modification , and provide the sponsor or 
                program administrator with an acknowledgment of 
                the modified program, by not later than 30 days 
                after the date of approval.
                  ``(C) Disapproval of proposal.--If the 
                proposal is not approved, the registration 
                agency shall--
                          ``(i) notify the sponsor of the 
                        reasons for the disapproval and provide 
                        the sponsor with technical assistance 
                        to maintain the program as originally 
                        registered;
                          ``(ii) provide the sponsor with the 
                        opportunity to submit a revised 
                        modification proposal, including 
                        providing appropriate technical 
                        assistance to modify the proposal in 
                        order to meet the requirements of this 
                        Act; and
                          ``(iii) in a case in which the 
                        sponsor submits a revised modification 
                        proposal, not later than 60 days after 
                        receipt of such proposal--
                                  ``(I) approve the proposal; 
                                or
                                  ``(II) disapprove the program 
                                and provide the sponsor with 
                                technical assistance to 
                                maintain the program as 
                                originally registered.

                 ``Subtitle C--Evaluations and Research

``SEC. 131. PROGRAM EVALUATIONS AND RESEARCH.

  ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to establish 
performance accountability measures related to program 
completion and key indicators of performance under the 
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101 et 
seq.).
  ``(b) Reviews by Registration Agencies.--
          ``(1) Performance reviews.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A registration agency 
                shall annually collect performance data for 
                each program registered under section 121 by 
                such agency, to determine--
                          ``(i) the performance of the program 
                        with respect to the indicators of 
                        performance under section 
                        116(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Workforce 
                        Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 
                        U.S.C. 3141(b)(2)(A)(i) or in the case 
                        of a youth apprenticeship program, 
                        section 116(b)(2)(A)(ii)) of such Act 
                        (29 U.S.C. 3141(b)(2)(A)(ii)), to the 
                        extent practicable and as applicable to 
                        programs under the national 
                        apprenticeship system; and
                          ``(ii) the completion rates of the 
                        program.
                  ``(B) Reports.--The registration agency for a 
                State shall annually prepare and submit to the 
                Secretary a State performance report that 
                includes, with respect to each program 
                registered under section 121 by such agency--
                          ``(i) information specifying the 
                        levels of performance described in 
                        subparagraph (A);
                          ``(ii) the percentage of program 
                        participants in under-represented 
                        apprenticeship populations;
                          ``(iv) the average time to completion 
                        for the program as compared to the 
                        description in the agreement under 
                        section 123(b)(1);
                          ``(v) the average cost per 
                        participant during the most recent 
                        program year and the 3 preceding 
                        program years;
                          ``(vii) information on the State's 
                        uses of funds;
                          ``(viii) how resources, whether 
                        financial, time, or other were spent on 
                        the delivery, improvement, and 
                        expansion of program services, 
                        activities and evaluations; and
                          ``(ix) the disaggregation of the 
                        performance data described in clauses 
                        (i) through (v) by--
                                  ``(I) the program type 
                                (apprenticeship, youth 
                                apprenticeship, or pre-
                                apprenticeship program) 
                                involved; and
                                  ``(II) race, ethnicity, sex, 
                                age, and membership in a 
                                population specified in section 
                                3(24) of the Workforce 
                                Innovation and Opportunity Act 
                                (29 U.S.C. 3102(24)).
          ``(2) Reports.--Not later than 60 days after 
        receiving a report under paragraph (1)(B), the 
        Secretary shall make such report publicly available.
          ``(3) Comprehensive program reviews.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A registration agency 
                shall periodically review each program 
                registered under section 121 by such agency for 
                quality assurance and compliance with the 
                requirements of title I.
                  ``(B) Timing of reviews.--A review described 
                in subparagraph (A) shall occur not less 
                frequently than once every 5 years.
                  ``(C) Review.--The review shall be a 
                comprehensive review regarding all aspects of 
                the program performance determining whether the 
                sponsor of the program is complying with the 
                requirements of title I.
                  ``(D) Reports.--
                          ``(i) In general.--On completion of a 
                        review under this paragraph, the 
                        registration agency shall prepare and 
                        submit to the Secretary a report 
                        containing the results of the review.
                          ``(ii) Public availability.--The 
                        Secretary shall develop and make 
                        publicly available a statewide summary 
                        of reports submitted by each 
                        registration agency.
          ``(4) Registration agency discretion.--The 
        registration agency may modify the requirements of this 
        subsection for small businesses or first-time sponsors 
        who demonstrate a need for such modification.
  ``(c) Subsequent Action.--
          ``(1) Technical assistance.--The registration agency 
        shall provide technical assistance to the sponsor and 
        identify areas that require technical assistance, 
        including assistance in the development of a 
        performance improvement plan if the registration agency 
        determines, pursuant to any review under subsection 
        (a), that the youth apprenticeship, pre-apprenticeship, 
        or apprenticeship program--
                  ``(A) is not in operation;
                  ``(B) is not in compliance with the 
                requirements of title I; or
                  ``(C) is achieving levels of performance on 
                the indicators described in subsection 
                (b)(1)(A) that are lower than the State goals.
          ``(2) Corrective action and deregistration of an 
        apprenticeship program.--The registration agency may 
        take corrective action, and if warranted, deregister a 
        youth apprenticeship, pre-apprenticeship, or 
        apprenticeship program, after making a determination 
        that the program demonstrates persistent and 
        significant failure to perform successfully, which 
        occurs when--
                  ``(A) the sponsor of the program consistently 
                fails to register at least 1 program 
                participant;
                  ``(B) the program shows a pattern of poor 
                results as determined solely by the 
                registration agency on the indicators described 
                in subsection (a)(1)(A) over a period of 3 
                years, given the characteristics of program 
                participants and economic conditions in the 
                area served, or are lower than the national or 
                State average;
                  ``(C) the program shows no indication of 
                improvement in the areas identified by the 
                registration agency and in the performance 
                improvement plan under paragraph (1); or
                  ``(D) the sponsor has not administered the 
                program in accordance with the program's 
                registration, as applicable, or with the 
                requirements of this Act.
          ``(3) Notification and hearing.--If the registration 
        agency makes a determination described in paragraph 
        (2), the registration agency shall notify the Secretary 
        and the sponsor of the determination in writing, and 
        permit the sponsor to request a hearing by the Office 
        of Administrative Law Judges. The registration agency 
        shall transmit to the Secretary a report containing all 
        pertinent facts and circumstances concerning the 
        determination, including findings and a recommendation 
        for deregistration, and copies of all relevant 
        documents and records. If the sponsor requests a 
        hearing it shall be conducted in accordance with the 
        Office of Administrative Law Judges regulations. A 
        party to the proceeding may petition for review of the 
        final decision of the Administrative Law Judge. If the 
        sponsor does not request the hearing, the registration 
        agency shall deregister the program after the period 
        for requesting such a hearing has expired.
          ``(4) Notification and treatment of apprentices.--Not 
        later than 15 days after the registration agency 
        deregisters a program, or not later than 15 days after 
        the period for requesting such a hearing has expired, 
        the sponsor or program administrator shall notify each 
        program participant--
                  ``(A) of such deregistration and the 
                effective date;
                  ``(B) that such deregistration automatically 
                deprives the program participant of individual 
                registration as part of such program, including 
                the ability to receive a certificate of 
                completion from the registration agency;
                  ``(C) that the deregistration of the program 
                removes the program participant from 
                eligibility for any Federal financial or other 
                assistance, or right, privilege, or exemption 
                under Federal law, that--
                          ``(i) relates to an apprentice; and
                          ``(ii) requires the registration 
                        agency's approval; and
                  ``(D) that all youth apprentices, pre-
                apprentices, or apprentices are referred to the 
                registration agency for information about 
                potential transfers to other programs under the 
                national apprenticeship system.
  ``(d) Evaluation and Research.--For the purpose of improving 
the management and effectiveness of the programs and activities 
carried out under this Act, the Secretary shall conduct, 
through an independent entity, evaluation and research on the 
programs and activities carried out under this title.
  ``(e) Techniques.--The research conducted under this section 
shall utilize appropriate methodology and research designs.
  ``(f) Contents.--Such research shall address--
          ``(1) the general effectiveness of such programs and 
        activities in relation to their cost, including the 
        extent to which the programs and activities--
                  ``(A) improve the skill and employment 
                competencies of participants in comparison to 
                comparably-situated individuals who did not 
                participate in such programs and activities;
                  ``(B) to the extent feasible, increase the 
                levels of total employment, of attainment of 
                recognized postsecondary credentials, and of 
                measurable skills, above the levels that would 
                have existed in the absence of such programs 
                and activities;
                  ``(C) respond to the needs reflected in labor 
                market data in the local area and align with 
                high-skill, high-wage, or in-demand industries 
                or occupations; and
                  ``(D) demonstrate a return on investment of 
                Federal, State, local, sponsor, employer, and 
                other funding for programs under the national 
                apprenticeship system, capturing the full level 
                of investment in, and impact of, such programs 
                under the national apprenticeship system;
          ``(2) best practices in increasing underrepresented 
        apprenticeship populations' participation in programs 
        under the national apprenticeship system; and
          ``(3) opportunities to scale up effective models 
        under the national apprenticeship system.
  ``(g) Reports.--
          ``(1) Independent entity.--The independent entity 
        carrying out the research under subsection (d) shall 
        prepare and submit to the Secretary a final report 
        containing the results of the research.
          ``(2) Reports to congress.--Not later than 60 days 
        after the receipt of the final report described in 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit the final 
        report to the Committee on Education and Labor of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, 
        Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.
  ``(h) Public Access.--The Secretary shall make the final 
report publicly available no later than 60 days after the 
receipt of the final report.

                    ``Subtitle D--General Provisions

``SEC. 141. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
sections 111 and 112--
          ``(1) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
          ``(2) $41,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
          ``(3) $42,000,000 for fiscal year 2023;
          ``(4) $43,000,000 for fiscal year 2024; and
          ``(5) $44,000,000 for fiscal year 2025.

``TITLE II--MODERNIZING THE NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP SYSTEM FOR THE 21ST 
                             CENTURY GRANTS

``SEC. 201. GRANT REQUIREMENTS.

  ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to expand 
access to, and participation in, new industry-led earn-and-
learn programs leading to career opportunities in all 
occupations, particularly high-wage, high-skill, and high-
demand occupations, including in response to the COVID-19 
public health emergency.
  ``(b) Authorization of Apprenticeship Grant Program.--
          ``(1) In general.--From the amounts authorized under 
        section 202, the Secretary shall award grants, on a 
        competitive basis, to eligible partnerships for the 
        purpose described in subsection (a).
          ``(2) Duration.--The Secretary shall award grants 
        under this section for a period of--
                  ``(A) not less than 1 year; and
                  ``(B) not more than 4 years.
          ``(3) Limitations.--
                  ``(A) Amount.--A grant awarded under this 
                section may not be in an amount greater than 
                $1,500,000.
                  ``(B) Number of awards.--An eligible 
                partnership or member of such partnership may 
                not be awarded more than one grant under this 
                section.
                  ``(C) Administration costs.--An eligible 
                partnership awarded a grant under this section 
                may not use more than 5 percent of the grant 
                funds to pay administrative costs associated 
                with activities funded by the grant.
  ``(c) Matching Funds.--To receive a grant under this section, 
an eligible partnership shall, through cash or in-kind 
contributions, provide matching funds from non-Federal sources 
in an amount equal to or greater than 50 percent of the amount 
of such grant.
  ``(d) Applications.--
          ``(1) In general.--To receive a grant under this 
        section, an eligible partnership shall submit to the 
        Secretary at such a time as the Secretary may require, 
        an application that--
                  ``(A) identifies and designates the entity 
                within the eligible partnership responsible for 
                the administration and supervision of the earn-
                and-learn program for which such grant funds 
                would be used;
                  ``(B) identifies the businesses and 
                institutions of higher education that comprise 
                the eligible partnership;
                  ``(C) identifies the source and amount of the 
                matching funds required under subsection (c);
                  ``(D) identifies the number of program 
                participants who will participate and complete 
                the relevant earn-and-learn program within 1 
                year of the expiration of the grant;
                  ``(E) identifies the amount of time, not to 
                exceed 2 years, required for program 
                participants to complete the program;
                  ``(F) identifies the anticipated earnings of 
                program participants--
                          ``(i) 1 year after program 
                        completion; and
                          ``(ii) 3 years after program 
                        completion;
                  ``(G) describes the specific project for 
                which the application is submitted, including a 
                summary of the relevant classroom and paid 
                structured on-the-job learning students will 
                receive;
                  ``(H) describes how the eligible partnership 
                will finance the program after the end of the 
                grant period;
                  ``(I) describes how the eligible partnership 
                will support the collection of information and 
                data for purposes of the program evaluation 
                required under subsection (i); and
                  ``(J) describes the alignment of the program 
                with State identified in-demand industry 
                sectors and occupations.
          ``(2) Application review process.--
                  ``(A) Review panel.--Applications submitted 
                under paragraph (1) shall be read by a panel of 
                readers composed of individuals selected by the 
                Secretary. The Secretary shall assure that an 
                individual assigned under this paragraph does 
                not have a conflict of interest with respect to 
                the applications reviewed by such individual.
                  ``(B) Composition of review panel.--The panel 
                of reviewers selected by the Secretary under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be comprised as follows:
                          ``(i) A majority of the panel shall 
                        be individuals who are representative 
                        of businesses, which may include 
                        owners, executives with optimum hiring 
                        authority, or individuals representing 
                        business organizations or business 
                        trade associations.
                          ``(ii) The remainder of the panel 
                        shall be equally divided between 
                        individuals who are--
                                  ``(I) representatives of 
                                institutions of higher 
                                education that offer programs 
                                of two years or less; and
                                  ``(II) representatives of 
                                State workforce development 
                                boards established under 
                                section 101 of the Workforce 
                                Innovation and Opportunity Act 
                                (29 U.S.C. 3111).
                  ``(C) Review of applications.--The Secretary 
                shall instruct the review panel selected by the 
                Secretary under subparagraph (A) to evaluate 
                applications using only the criteria specified 
                in paragraph (1) and make recommendations with 
                respect to--
                          ``(i) the quality of the 
                        applications;
                          ``(ii) whether a grant should be 
                        awarded for a project under this title; 
                        and
                          ``(iii) the amount and duration of 
                        such grant.
                  ``(D) Priority and distribution.--
                          ``(i) Priority.--In awarding grants 
                        under this section, the Secretary shall 
                        give priority to an eligible 
                        partnership--
                                  ``(I) proposing to serve a 
                                high number or high percentage 
                                of participants who are from 
                                underrepresented apprenticeship 
                                populations; or
                                  ``(II) providing 
                                opportunities in high-wage, 
                                high-skill, or in-demand 
                                sectors and occupations.
                          ``(ii) Geographic distribution.--In 
                        awarding grants under this section, the 
                        Secretary shall, to the extent 
                        practicable, ensure a geographically 
                        diverse distribution of grants, 
                        including a geographically diverse 
                        distribution among regions of the 
                        country and among urban, suburban, and 
                        rural areas.
                  ``(E) Notification.--Not later than June 30 
                of each year, the Secretary shall notify each 
                eligible partnership submitting an application 
                under this section of--
                          ``(i) the scores given the applicant 
                        by the panel pursuant to this section;
                          ``(ii) the recommendations of the 
                        panel with respect to such application;
                          ``(iii) the reasons for the decision 
                        of the Secretary in awarding or 
                        refusing to award a grant under this 
                        section; and
                          ``(iv) modifications, if any, in the 
                        recommendations of the panel made to 
                        the Secretary.
  ``(e) Award Basis.--The Secretary shall award grants under 
this section on the following basis--
          ``(1) the number of participants to be served by the 
        grant;
          ``(2) the anticipated income of program participants 
        in relation to the regional median income;
          ``(3) the alignment of the program with State-
        identified in-demand industry sectors; and
          ``(4) the recommendations of the readers under 
        subsection (d)(2)(C).
  ``(f) Purposes of Awards.--The Secretary may award grants, 
contracts, or cooperative agreements to eligible entities on a 
competitive basis for any of the following purposes:
          ``(1) The creation of new earn-and-learn programs, 
        including apprenticeship, pre-apprenticeship, and youth 
        apprenticeship programs, or expansion of existing 
        programs.
          ``(2) Encouraging employer participation in programs 
        under the national apprenticeship system--
                  ``(A) that target individuals with barriers 
                to employment in youth apprenticeship, pre-
                apprenticeship, or apprenticeship programs, 
                prioritizing underrepresented apprenticeship 
                populations, such as women, minorities, long-
                term unemployed individuals with a disability, 
                individuals with substance abuse issues, and 
                veterans;
                  ``(B) that are in high-need social service-
                related industries, sectors, or occupations, 
                such as direct care workers and early childhood 
                educators;
                  ``(C) that target individuals currently or 
                formerly incarcerated; or
                  ``(D) among small- and medium-sized 
                employers.
          ``(3) If the eligible entity is a qualified 
        intermediary--
                  ``(A) supporting national industry and equity 
                intermediaries in establishing or expanding 
                sector-based partnerships to support the 
                delivery or expansion of programs under the 
                national apprenticeship system to significant 
                scale in the United States--
                          ``(i) in key sectors, including 
                        manufacturing, information technology, 
                        cyber security, health care, insurance 
                        and finance, energy, hospitality, 
                        retail, construction, and other sectors 
                        identified by the Secretary; and
                          ``(ii) for underrepresented 
                        apprenticeship populations, women, 
                        minorities, individuals with 
                        disabilities, and individuals impacted 
                        by the criminal justice system; or
                  ``(B) serving programs under the national 
                apprenticeship system in a local or regional 
                setting.
          ``(4) Strengthen alignment between programs under the 
        national apprenticeship system and education and 
        training providers with secondary and postsecondary 
        education systems, including degree and credential 
        requirements.
  ``(g) Use of Funds.--Grant funds provided under this section 
may be used for--
          ``(1) supports including marketing, national e-tools, 
        and other expanded capacity and technical assistance 
        supports;
          ``(2) the purchase of appropriate equipment, 
        technology, or instructional material, aligned with 
        business and industry needs, including machinery, 
        testing equipment, hardware and software;
          ``(3) student books, supplies, and equipment required 
        for enrollment;
          ``(4) the reimbursement of up to 50 percent of the 
        wages of a student participating in an earn-and-learn 
        program receiving a grant under this section;
          ``(5) the development of industry-specific 
        programming;
          ``(6) supporting the transition of industry-based 
        professionals from an industry setting to an academic 
        setting;
          ``(7) industry-recognized certification exams or 
        other assessments leading to a recognized postsecondary 
        credential associated with the earn-and-learn program;
          ``(8) any fees associated with the certifications or 
        assessments described in paragraph (7);
          ``(9) establishing or expanding partnerships with 
        organizations that provide program participants access 
        to financial planning mentoring, and supportive 
        services that are necessary to enable an individual to 
        participate in and complete a program under the 
        national apprenticeship system;
          ``(10) conducting outreach and recruitment 
        activities, including assessments of potential 
        participants for, and enrollment of participants in a 
        program under the national apprenticeship system;
          ``(11) conducting outreach, engagement, and 
        recruitment with employers, industry associations, 
        labor and labor-management organizations, qualified 
        intermediaries, education and training providers, State 
        or local workforce agencies, potential sponsors, 
        communities with high numbers or percentages of 
        underrepresented apprenticeship populations, small- and 
        medium-sized businesses, or rural communities to 
        establish or expand industry or sector partnerships and 
        opportunities under the national apprenticeship system; 
        and
          ``(12) conducting any activities as described in the 
        application that would advance the purposes of the 
        grant.
  ``(h) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide 
technical assistance to eligible partnerships awarded under a 
grant under this section throughout the grant period for 
purposes of grant management.
  ``(i) Evaluation.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may reserve up to 
        $500,000 from the amounts made available under section 
        202 in order to provide for the independent evaluation, 
        which may be conducted by a third-party entity, of the 
        grant program established under this section that 
        includes the following:
                  ``(A) An assessment of the effectiveness of 
                the grant program in expanding earn-and-learn 
                program opportunities offered by employers in 
                conjunction with institutions of higher 
                education.
                  ``(B) The number of students who participated 
                in programs assisted under this section.
                  ``(C) The percentage of students 
                participating in programs assisted under this 
                section who successfully completed the program 
                in the time described in subsection (d)(1)(E).
                  ``(D) The median earnings of program 
                participants--
                          ``(i) 1 year after exiting the 
                        program; and
                          ``(ii) 3 years after exiting the 
                        program.
                  ``(E) The percentage of program participants 
                assisted under this section who successfully 
                receive a recognized postsecondary credential.
                  ``(F) The number of program participants 
                served by programs receiving funding under this 
                section--
                          ``(i) 2 years after the end of the 
                        grant period; and
                          ``(ii) 4 years after the end of the 
                        grant period.
          ``(2) Publication.--The evaluation required by this 
        subsection shall be made publicly available on the 
        website of the Department within 90 days after such 
        evaluation is completed.
  ``(j) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Earn-and-learn program.--The term `earn-and-
        learn program' means an education program, including an 
        apprenticeship program, that provides students with 
        structured, sustained, and paid on-the-job training and 
        accompanying, for credit, classroom instruction that--
                  ``(A) is for a period of between 3 months and 
                2 years; and
                  ``(B) leads to, on completion of the program, 
                a recognized postsecondary credential.
          ``(2) Eligible partnership.--The term `eligible 
        partnership' shall mean a consortium that includes--
                  ``(A) 1 or more businesses; and
                  ``(B) 1 or more institutions of higher 
                education.

``SEC. 202. GRANT APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out only registered apprenticeship 
activities under this title--
          ``(1) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
          ``(2) $210,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
          ``(3) $220,000,000 for fiscal year 2023;
          ``(4) $230,000,000 for fiscal year 2024; and
          ``(5) $240,000,000 for fiscal year 2025.
  ``(b) Special Rule.--Of the funds made available for this 
title, no less than $200,000,000 shall be provided from the H-
1B Nonimmigrant Petitioner Account.''.

SEC. 5. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

  (a) American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act of 
1998.--Section 414(c) of the American Competitiveness and 
Workforce Improvement Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2916a) is 
repealed.
  (b) Immigration and Nationality Act.--Section 286(s)(2) of 
the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356(s)(2)) is 
amended--
          (1) in the heading, by striking ``for job training'' 
        and inserting ``for programs under the national 
        apprenticeship system''; and
          (2) by striking ``for demonstration programs and 
        projects described in section 414(c) of the American 
        Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act of 1998'' 
        and inserting ``to carry out title II of the National 
        Apprenticeship Act''.
                              ----------                              


 16. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Stefanik of New York 
               or Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 86, beginning line 12, strike ``Secretary and''.
                              ----------                              


17. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Titus of Nevada or Her 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 117, line 19, insert ``hospitality and tourism,'' after 
``health care,''.

                                  [all]