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116th Congress   }                                       {  Rept. 116-73
                         HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                       {     Part I

======================================================================



 
NAVY SEAL CHIEF PETTY OFFICER WILLIAM ``BILL'' MULDER (RET.) TRANSITION 
                        IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2019

                                _______
                                

  May 20, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

  Mr. Takano, from the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 2326]

    The Committee on Veterans' Affairs, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 2326) to amend the Social Security Act, to amend 
the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement 
Act of 2012, and to direct the Secretaries of Veterans Affairs, 
Defense, Labor, and Homeland Security, and the Administrator of 
the Small Business Administration, to take certain actions to 
improve transition assistance to members of the Armed Forces 
who separate, retire, or are discharged from the Armed Forces, 
and for other purposes, having considered the same, report 
favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend that the bill 
as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Purpose and Summary..............................................     4
Background and Need for Legislation..............................     5
Hearings.........................................................     9
Subcommittee Consideration.......................................     9
Committee Consideration..........................................     9
Committee Votes..................................................     9
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................    10
Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives............    10
New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures    10
Earmarks and Tax and Tariff Benefits.............................    10
Committee Cost Estimate..........................................    10
Congressional Budget Office Estimate.............................    10
Federal Mandates Statement.......................................    10
Advisory Committee Statement.....................................    11
Constitutional Authority Statement...............................    11
Applicability to Legislative Branch..............................    11
Statement on Duplication of Federal Programs.....................    11
Disclosure of Directed Rulemaking................................    11
Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation...................    11
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill as Reported.............    12

    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Navy SEAL Chief Petty Officer William 
"Bill" Mulder (Ret.) Transition Improvement Act of 2019''.

SEC. 2. TAP DEFINED.

  In this Act, the term ``TAP'' means the Transition Assistance Program 
under sections 1142 and 1144 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 3. ACCESS FOR THE SECRETARIES OF LABOR AND VETERANS AFFAIRS TO THE 
                    FEDERAL DIRECTORY OF NEW HIRES.

  Section 453A(h) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 653a(h)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(4) Veteran employment.--The Secretaries of Labor and of 
        Veterans Affairs shall have access to information reported by 
        employers pursuant to subsection (b) of this section for 
        purposes of tracking employment of veterans.''.

SEC. 4. PILOT PROGRAM FOR OFF-BASE TRANSITION TRAINING FOR VETERANS AND 
                    SPOUSES.

  (a) Extension of Pilot Program.--Subsection (a) of section 301 of the 
Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 
(Public Law 112-260; 10 U.S.C. 1144 note) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``During the two-year period beginning on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``During the 
        five-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of the 
        Navy SEAL Chief Petty Officer William `Bill' Mulder (Ret.) 
        Transition Improvement Act of 2019''; and
          (2) by striking ``to assess the feasibility and advisability 
        of providing such program to eligible individuals at locations 
        other than military installations''.
  (b) Locations.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``not less than three and 
        not more than five States'' and inserting ``not fewer than 50 
        locations in States (as defined in section 101 of title 38, 
        United States Code)''; and
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``at least two'' and 
        inserting ``at least 20''.
  (c) Conforming Repeal.--Subsection (f) of such section is repealed.

SEC. 5. GRANTS FOR PROVISION OF TRANSITION ASSISTANCE TO MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMED FORCES AFTER SEPARATION, RETIREMENT, OR 
                    DISCHARGE.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall make grants 
to eligible organizations for the provision of transition assistance to 
members of the Armed Forces who are separated, retired, or discharged 
from the Armed Forces, and spouses of such members.
  (b) Use of Funds.--The recipient of a grant under this section shall 
use the grant to provide to members of the Armed Forces and spouses 
described in subsection (a) resume assistance, interview training, job 
recruitment training, and related services leading directly to 
successful transition, as determined by the Secretary.
  (c) Eligible Organizations.--To be eligible for a grant under this 
section, an organization shall submit to the Secretary an application 
containing such information and assurances as the Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Labor, may require.
  (d) Priority for Hubs of Services.--In making grants under this 
section, the Secretary shall give priority to an organization that 
provides multiple forms of services described in subsection (b).
  (e) Amount of Grant.--A grant under this section shall be in an 
amount that does not exceed 50 percent of the amount required by the 
organization to provide the services described in subsection (b).
  (f) Deadline.--The Secretary shall carry out this section not later 
than six months after the effective date of this Act.
  (g) Termination.--The authority to provide a grant under this section 
shall terminate on the date that is five years after the date on which 
the Secretary implements the grant program under this section.
  (h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated $10,000,000 to carry out this section.

SEC. 6. ONE-YEAR INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TAP.

  (a) Independent Assessment.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, in 
consultation with the covered officials, shall enter into an agreement 
with an appropriate entity with experience in adult education to carry 
out a one-year independent assessment of TAP, including--
          (1) the effectiveness of TAP for members of each military 
        department during the entire military life cycle;
          (2) the appropriateness of the TAP career readiness 
        standards;
          (3) a review of information that is provided to the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs under TAP, including mental 
        health data;
          (4) whether TAP effectively addresses the challenges veterans 
        face entering the civilian workforce and in translating 
        experience and skills from military service to the job market;
          (5) whether TAP effectively addresses the challenges faced by 
        the families of veterans making the transition to civilian 
        life;
          (6) appropriate metrics regarding TAP outcomes for members of 
        the Armed Forces one year after separation, retirement, or 
        discharge from the Armed Forces;
          (7) what the Secretary, in consultation with the covered 
        officials and veterans service organizations determine to be 
        successful outcomes for TAP;
          (8) whether members of the Armed Forces achieve successful 
        outcomes for TAP, as determined under paragraph (7);
          (9) how the Secretary and the covered officials provide 
        feedback to each other regarding such outcomes;
          (10) recommendations for the Secretaries of the military 
        departments regarding how to improve outcomes for members of 
        the Armed Forces after separation, retirement, and discharge; 
        and
          (11) other topics the Secretary and the covered officials 
        determine would aid members of the Armed Forces as they 
        transition to civilian life.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the completion of the 
independent assessment under subsection (a), the Secretary and the 
covered officials, shall submit to the Committees on Veterans' Affairs 
of the Senate and House of Representatives and the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives--
          (1) the findings and recommendations (including recommended 
        legislation) of the independent assessment prepared by the 
        entity described in subsection (a); and
          (2) responses of the Secretary and the covered officials to 
        the findings and recommendations described in paragraph (1).
  (c) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) The term ``covered officials'' is comprised of--
                  (A) the Secretary of Defense;
                  (B) the Secretary of Labor;
                  (C) the Administrator of the Small Business 
                Administration; and
                  (D) the Secretaries of the military departments.
          (2) The term ``military department'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 7. LONGITUDINAL STUDY ON CHANGES TO TAP.

  (a) Study.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of Defense and Labor and the Administrator of the Small 
Business Administration, shall conduct a five-year longitudinal study 
regarding TAP on three separate cohorts of members of the Armed Forces 
who have separated from the Armed Forces, including--
          (1) a cohort that has attended TAP counseling as implemented 
        on the date of the enactment of this Act;
          (2) a cohort that attends TAP counseling after the 
        Secretaries of Defense and Labor implement changes recommended 
        in the report under section 6(b) of this Act; and
          (3) a cohort that has not attended TAP counseling.
  (b) Progress Reports.--Not later than 90 days after the day that is 
one year after the date of the initiation of the study under subsection 
(a) and annually thereafter for the three subsequent years, the 
Secretaries of Veterans Affairs, Defense, and Labor, and the 
Administrator of the Small Business Administration, shall submit to the 
Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of 
Representatives and the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives a progress report of activities under the 
study during the immediately preceding year.
  (c) Final Report.--Not later than 180 days after the completion of 
the study under subsection (a), the Secretaries of Veterans Affairs, 
Defense, and Labor, and the Administrator of the Small Business 
Administration, shall submit to the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of 
the Senate and House of Representatives and the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report of final 
findings and recommendations based on the study.
  (d) Elements.--The final report under subsection (c) shall include 
information regarding the following:
          (1) The percentage of each cohort that received unemployment 
        benefits during the study.
          (2) The numbers of months members of each cohort were 
        employed during the study.
          (3) Annual starting and ending salaries of members of each 
        cohort who were employed during the study.
          (4) How many members of each cohort enrolled in an 
        institution of higher learning, as that term is defined in 
        section 3452(f) of title 38, United States Code.
          (5) The academic credit hours, degrees, and certificates 
        obtained by members of each cohort during the study.
          (6) The annual income of members of each cohort.
          (7) The total household income of members of each cohort.
          (8) How many members of each cohort own their principal 
        residences.
          (9) How many dependents that members of each cohort have.
          (10) The percentage of each cohort that achieves a successful 
        outcome for TAP, as determined under section 6(a)(7) of this 
        Act.
          (11) Other criteria the Secretaries and the Administrator of 
        the Small Business Administration determine appropriate.

                          Purpose and Summary

    H.R. 2326, the ``Navy SEAL Chief Petty Officer William Bill 
Mulder (Ret.) Transition Improvement Act of 2019,'' was 
introduced by Representative Mike Levin, Chairman of the 
Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity, on April 15, 2019. H.R. 
2326 would create a pilot program for transition training in 
locations outside of military installations to make the 
transition process easier and more convenient for veterans and 
spouses. Providing transition training in alternative locations 
would give servicemembers and their spouses more time to access 
resources and digest the information provided to them, while 
living in their new community. The legislation would also 
create a grant program for organizations to provide multiple 
transition assistance services such as resume assistance, 
interview training, and job recruitment training from a central 
source. Currently, veterans must navigate several organizations 
to access these resources.
    Lastly, it would require a one-year independent assessment 
of the effectiveness of the transition assistance program (TAP) 
and expand access to better employment data at the Departments 
of Labor and Veterans Affairs.
    The pilot program would be authorized during the five-year 
period beginning on the date of enactment of the Navy SEAL 
Chief Petty Officer William `Bill' Mulder (Ret.) Transition 
Improvement Act of 2019.
    The one-year independent assessment of the effectiveness of 
TAP would be conducted not later than 90 days after the 
enactment of the Act. This study would be carried out for one 
year, and upon completion the Secretary would be required to 
submit the findings to the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of 
the Senate and House of Representatives and the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    With passage into law of H.R. 4739 in the 101st Congress, 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991, 
section 1144 established employment assistance, joint training 
assistance, and other transition services for spouses and 
members of the armed forces during the 180-day period before 
the servicemember is separated from active duty. The services 
to be carried out were to furnish counseling, assist in 
identifying employment and training opportunities, help in 
obtaining such employment and training, and provide other 
related information and services to members of the armed forces 
and their spouses under the jurisdiction of the service 
branches.
    Additional improvements to the transition assistance 
process were made under Public Law 112-56, the Vow to Hire 
Heroes Act, in 2011. This legislation included mandatory 
participation of all service members and improved transition 
resources by lengthening the process and lowering class sizes.
    With the passage of the VOW to Hire Heroes Act of 2011 
(P.L. 112-56), all but a few servicemembers are required to 
participate in the TAP program. While the program has been 
around for many years, the current iteration is called 
Transition GPS (Goals, Plan, and Success) and is a five-day 
course. The first day of training is taught by Department of 
Defense (DOD) staff and contractors. It focuses on financial 
counseling and training, beginning an individual transition 
plan, and service specific programing. The second, third, and 
fourth days of training are taught by a Department of Labor 
(DOL) contractor and consist of the employment workshop that 
focuses on employment trends, job search training, resume 
writing, mock interviews, use of LinkedIn, and other career 
services. The final day is taught by VA contractors and focuses 
on explaining the myriad of benefits the Department of Veterans 
Affairs (VA) can provide servicemembers and their families when 
they become veterans.
    There are also three additional two-day training tracks 
available to servicemembers that focus on accessing higher 
education, vocational training, and small business training. 
While these additional two-day tracks are optional, section 
1144(f)(2) of title 10, United States Code (U.S.C.) requires 
that commanders allow servicemembers to attend these tracks if 
they wish to participate.
    Once servicemembers have completed TAP, they must complete 
their individual transition plans and meet what DOD calls 
``career readiness standards.'' These standards are based on 
servicemembers' plans for when they leave the military. If the 
readiness standards are not met, DOD is required to provide a 
``warm handover'' to other agencies to help servicemembers 
receive additional services to meet the career readiness 
standards.
    Following a report from the U.S. Government Accountability 
Office in 2017 (GAO-18-23), it was found the VOW to Hire Heroes 
Act compliance rates that DOD publicly reported were not based 
on all eligible servicemembers--they excluded servicemembers 
for whom DOD lacked data. For example, had DOD included all 
transitioning National Guard and Reserve members--including 
those for whom they lacked participation data--the resulting 
participation rate for Guard and Reserve members may have been 
as low as 47 percent compared to 94 percent, which DOD publicly 
reported in fiscal year 2016. In November 2016, DOD launched a 
new data collection system that officials say will improve data 
completeness and reporting abilities.
    In fiscal year 2016, DOD met its goal of 85 percent of 
active duty servicemembers (excluding members of the National 
Guard and Reserves) attaining VOW Act requirements and career 
readiness standards, according to the Government Accountability 
Office (GAO). However, fewer than half of all eligible 
servicemembers completed TAP on time--90 days or more before 
separation. In response to those findings, Congress included 
Section 552 in the Fiscal Year 2019 National Defense 
Authorization Act to improve TAP and address the military 
transition process.
    H.R. 2326 would direct DOL, VA, and the Small Business 
Administration (SBA) to evaluate the existing effectiveness of 
TAP, and create a pilot program for providing TAP outside of 
military bases. ``Off-base TAP'' is designed to ease the 
process of participation for service-members, veterans, and 
spouses who may have difficulty attending classes on bases.
    The Committee remains concerned with the significant amount 
of information service-members are provided and expected to 
understand in the short time period that TAP is offered. The 
Committee urges VA to consider locations with a 
disproportionately high number of service-members, veterans, 
and homelessness when choosing locations for the off-base pilot 
sites.

Section 3. Access for the Secretaries of Labor and Veterans Affairs to 
        the Federal Directory of New Hires

    DOL's Veterans Employment and Training Service (VETS) is 
responsible for providing grants to states to fund workforce 
development staff that specifically assist veterans with job 
placement and training. Despite the use of state wage records 
by state workforce agencies, there has never been an accurate 
way to track if the services provided state staffs result in 
positive employment outcomes for veterans. The Personal 
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 
(P.L. 104-193) created the National Directory of New Hires that 
was designed to use state employment and unemployment data and 
Federal agencies' data to help state agencies track down non-
custodial parents who owe child support. Employers across the 
country are required to notify the new hires directory when 
they hire a new employee. This requirement makes this directory 
the most up-to-date system for tracking employment in the 
country.
    This section would give VETS and VA access to this data 
system which would allow these departments the ability to 
track, in real time, when a participant in VETS and a VA 
program receives a new job. This will help improve programs and 
provide better accountability of services being provided by 
both VETS and other readjustment benefits provided by VA. 
Additionally, this would complement other sections of this bill 
that are working towards providing a realistic view of 
employment outcomes that may or may not result from TAP 
training.

Section 4. Pilot Program for Off-Base Transition Training for Veterans 
        and Spouses

    Section 1144 of title 10, (U.S.C.) requires all 
servicemembers participate in the TAP program (few exceptions 
exist). This requirement was enacted as part of the VOW to Hire 
Heroes Act of 2011 (P.L. 112-56). However, prior to this 
requirement, only the United States Marine Corps mandated such 
training, and consequently there are entire generations of 
veterans who may have been unable use the TAP training to help 
them successfully transition. The Committee believes that 
veterans, even those that received TAP training as part of 
their transition, could benefit from the updated GPS curriculum 
especially as it relates to new employment search training and 
new veterans benefits. Yet it can be difficult for veterans to 
return to military installations to receive TAP training. In 
2013, Congress recognized that it could be beneficial for 
veterans to access TAP training at off-base locations and 
authorized VETS to conduct a two-year pilot program to provide 
TAP training in off-base locations in three to four states. The 
pilot program consisted of the three-day DOL employment 
workshop and information regarding VA benefits.
    In its review of the pilot program, GAO concluded that 
state workforce staff believed the pilot program was beneficial 
but VETS' poor design of the pilot and low participation rates 
made it difficult to conclude whether the program was of value. 
GAO stated that VETS' design of the pilot, ``leaves unanswered 
key questions about the need for the program, the pilot's role 
amid other federal programs, and the goals and objectives for 
measuring its progress.''\1\ Despite VETS poor implementation 
of this pilot program, the Committee believes off-base TAP 
training is worth re-examining. Therefore, this section would 
authorize VETS to conduct a new five-year pilot program to 
teach TAP classes at off-base locations. The Committee hopes 
that VETS will incorporate the recommendations from the GAO's 
review of the last pilot program and prioritize funding to 
conduct this program. The Committee also believes that former 
military spouses could also benefit from training provided at 
off-based locations.
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Sec. 5. Grants for Provision of Treatment Assistance to Members of the 
        Armed Forces After Separation, Retirement, or Discharge

    In order to review the progress of TAP and improve a 
servicemember's transition to civilian life, the Subcommittee 
on Economic Opportunity held three bipartisan roundtables in 
2018 with representatives from all parties interested in 
improving TAP, including: VA, DoL, DoD, each of the military 
services, veteran service organizations, and community non-
profits that provide transition services to veterans. The 
Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity's roundtables in the 115th 
Congress found that one key TAP and transition improvement was 
to make the wealth of resources available to transitioning 
servicemembers at the local level from non-governmental sources 
more available to transitioning servicemembers and veterans. 
The Subcommittee heard from community providers from 
Cincinnati, OH, Tampa, FL, Jacksonville, FL, and Colorado 
Springs, CO about innovative programs that provide transition 
services to servicemembers, and in some cases act as a clearing 
house or one-stop-shop to connect servicemembers to existing 
resources within a community. The Committee believes these 
community programs can be important as they are able to provide 
transition training and services to a servicemember on a more 
individualized level than the government training provided by 
TAP. To support these programs, this section would authorize VA 
to set up a five-year, $10 million pilot program that would 
provide grants to eligible community providers to provide 
transition training and services. To ensure these programs are 
truly innovative programs from the community, the section would 
further require that funds would only cover 50% of the cost of 
transition training and services provided by this grant. 
Finally, the section would require that VA give priority of 
grant funds authorized by this section to organizations that 
act as a hub or provide multiple types of services to 
transitioning servicemembers. The Committee believes this pilot 
program will help provide funding to these innovative programs 
that help veterans and is worth the investment to examine if 
funding such programs will result in long term outcomes for 
servicemembers.

Section 6. One-Year Independent Assessment of the Effectiveness of TAP

    While the curriculum of the TAP has changed over the years, 
each new iteration has been created and reviewed by government 
employees and to the Committee's knowledge there has never been 
a true independent review of the curriculum to see if the 
training is really meeting the needs of servicemembers to 
provide a seamless transition to civilian life. To address this 
issue, this section would require VA, in consultation with DOD, 
DOL, SBA, and the military service branches to contract with an 
appropriate entity with experience in adult education to 
conduct a one-year independent assessment of TAP. This 
assessment would examine: the effectiveness of the military 
life cycle, appropriateness of the career readiness standards, 
review of information provided by VA in TAP, including mental 
health data, and a review and determination TAP measures of 
successful outcomes and if servicemembers are meeting this 
standard. Not later than 90 days following this study, the 
departments would be required to submit a report to the House 
and Senate Committees on Veterans' Affairs and Armed Services 
on the findings and recommendations of this assessment. The 
Committee believes this independent assessment is critical to 
judging the performance of TAP and believes the requirement to 
define realistic outcomes will help inform future policy 
changes to this program.

Section 7. Longitudinal Study on Changes to TAP

    Although TAP has been in existence for decades, serious 
questions remain regarding TAP's direct impact on a 
servicemember's transition. For too long, VA, DOL, and DOD have 
relied on anecdotal evidence and exit surveys of servicemembers 
concluding they were more prepared for transition after 
attending TAP to track the program's performance. While such 
surveys and evidence are helpful data points, there has never 
been a study that tracked the long-term outcomes of TAP 
training. To address this issue, this section would authorize 
VA to conduct an extensive five-year longitudinal study on 
outcomes of TAP participants. The study will examine the 
outcomes of those who received TAP training before the 
enactment of the changes in this bill, compared to those who 
completed the new version of TAP following this bill's 
enactment. These outcomes will be compared with outcomes of 
those who did not receive TAP training. The Committee believes 
this longitudinal study will enable policy makers to measure 
the long-term outcomes of TAP and provide data to make future 
changes if the study suggests they are warranted.

                                Hearings

    For the purposes of section 103(i) of H. Res. 6 of the 
116th Congress--the following hearings and meetings were used 
to develop or consider H.R. 2326.
    On April 9, 2019, the Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity 
conducted a legislative hearing on various bills introduced 
during the 116th Congress, including H.R. 2326.
    The following witnesses testified:
          Ms. Margarita Devlin, Principal Deputy Under 
        Secretary for Benefits, Veterans Benefits 
        Administration, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. 
        Ms. Ashlynne Haycock, Deputy Policy Director, Education 
        Support Services, Tragedy Assistance Program for 
        Survivors (TAPS). Mr. Patrick Murray, Deputy Director, 
        National Legislative Service, The Veterans of Foreign 
        Wars. Mr. John Kamin, Credentialing and Education 
        Policy Associate, National Veterans Employment and 
        Education Division, The American Legion. Ms. Rebecca 
        Burgess, Program Manager Citizenship Project, American 
        Enterprise Institute.
    Statements for the record were submitted by:
          Disabled American Veterans

                       Subcommittee Consideration

    On May 1, 2019, the Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity 
met in an open markup session, a quorum being present, and 
ordered H.R. 2326, as amended reported favorably to the 
Committee on Veterans' Affairs by voice vote.
    During the May 1, 2019 consideration, the Subcommittee 
considered H.R. 2326 as an amendment in the nature of a 
substitute to correct drafting errors. No other amendments were 
offered.

                        Committee Consideration

    On May 8, 2019, the Committee on Veterans' Affairs met in 
an open markup session, a quorum being present, and ordered 
H.R. 2326, as amended reported favorably to the House of 
Representatives by voice vote.

                            Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires the Committee to list the recorded 
votes on the motion to report the legislation and amendments 
thereto. There were no recorded votes taken on amendments or in 
connection with ordering H.R. 2326, as amended reported to the 
House. A motion by Ranking Member Phil Roe of Tennessee to 
report H.R. 2326, as amended favorably to the House of 
Representatives was agreed to by voice vote.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII and clause 
(2)(b)(1) of rule X of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee's oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the descriptive portions of 
this report.

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    In accordance with clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee's performance 
goals and objectives are to improve and evaluate the transition 
of servicemembers from military to civilian life through a 
expansion of transition sites and tracking long-term outcomes.

   New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee adopts as its 
own the estimate of new budget authority, entitlement 
authority, or tax expenditures or revenues contained in the 
cost estimate prepared by the Director of the Congressional 
Budget Office pursuant to section 402 of the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974.

                  Earmarks and Tax and Tariff Benefits

    H.R. 2326 does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined in 
clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives.

                        Committee Cost Estimate

    The Committee adopts as its own the cost estimate on H.R. 
2326 prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act 
of 1974.

               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 
308(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and with respect 
to requirements of clause (3)(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives and section 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee has requested 
but not received a cost estimate for this bill from the 
Director of Congressional Budget Office. The Committee has 
requested but not received from the Director of the 
Congressional Budget Office a statement as to whether this bill 
contains any new budget authority, spending authority, credit 
authority, or an increase or decrease in revenues or tax 
expenditures.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of Federal 
mandates regarding H.R. 2326 prepared by the Director of the 
Congressional Budget Office pursuant to section 423 of the 
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act would be created by 
H.R.2326.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Pursuant to Article I, section 8 of the United States 
Constitution, H.R. 2326 is authorized by Congress' power to 
``provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the 
United States.''

                  Applicability to Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that H.R. 2326 does not relate to the 
terms and conditions of employment or access to public services 
or accommodations within the legislative branch.

              Statement on Duplication of Federal Programs

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(5) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee finds that no provision 
of H.R. 2326 establishes or reauthorizes a program of the 
Federal Government known to be duplicative of another Federal 
program, a program that was included in any report from the 
Government Accountability Office to Congress pursuant to 
section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program related to a 
program identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal 
Domestic Assistance.

                   Disclosure of Directed Rulemaking

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(5) of rule XIII, the Committee 
estimates that H.R. 2326 contains no directed rule making that 
would require the Secretary to prescribe regulations.

             Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation

    Section 1: Short Title: Section one would establish the 
short title ``Navy SEAL Chief Petty Officer William ``Bill'' 
Mulder (Ret.) Transition Improvement Act of 2019''.
    Sec 2: Defines TAP for the purposes of this legislation
    Sec 3: Provides the Secretaries of Labor and Veterans 
Affairs access to employment statistics gathered by the Social 
Security Administration.
    Sec 4: Creates a pilot program that allows for the 
establishment of sites where veterans and spouses may access 
transition training at locations other than military 
installations.
    Sec 5: Authorizes the VA to make grants available to 
eligible organizations for transition assistance programs such 
as resume assistance, interview training, job recruitment 
training, and related services.
    Sec 6: Requires VA to enter into an agreement with an 
entity with experience in adult education to carry out a one-
year independent assessment of TAP, and provide the findings to 
Congress.
    Sec 7: Requires VA, in consultation with DOD, DOL, and SBA, 
to conduct a five year longitudinal study of TAP comparing the 
effectiveness of using the program. This report will also be 
provided to Congress.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, As Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

                          SOCIAL SECURITY ACT




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TITLE IV--GRANTS TO STATES FOR AID AND SERVICES TO NEEDY FAMILIES WITH 
CHILDREN AND FOR CHILD-WELFARE SERVICES

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Part D--Child Support and Establishment of Paternity

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SEC. 453A. STATE DIRECTORY OF NEW HIRES.

  (a) Establishment.--
          (1) In general.--
                  (A) Requirement for States that have no 
                directory.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), not later than October 1, 1997, each State 
                shall establish an automated directory (to be 
                known as the ``State Directory of New Hires'') 
                which shall contain information supplied in 
                accordance with subsection (b) by employers on 
                each newly hired employee.
                  (B) States with new hire reporting law in 
                existence.--A State which has a new hire 
                reporting law in existence on the date of the 
                enactment of this section may continue to 
                operate under the State law, but the State must 
                meet the requirements of subsection (g)(2) not 
                later than October 1, 1997, and the 
                requirements of this section (other than 
                subsection (g)(2)) not later than October 1, 
                1998.
          (2) Definitions.--As used in this section:
                  (A) Employee.--The term ``employee''--
                          (i) means an individual who is an 
                        employee within the meaning of chapter 
                        24 of the Internal Revenue Code of 
                        1986; and
                          (ii) does not include an employee of 
                        a Federal or State agency performing 
                        intelligence or counterintelligence 
                        functions, if the head of such agency 
                        has determined that reporting pursuant 
                        to paragraph (1) with respect to the 
                        employee could endanger the safety of 
                        the employee or compromise an ongoing 
                        investigation or intelligence mission.
                  (B) Employer.--
                          (i) In general.--The term 
                        ``employer'' has the meaning given such 
                        term in section 3401(d) of the Internal 
                        Revenue Code of 1986 and includes any 
                        governmental entity and any labor 
                        organization.
                          (ii) Labor organization.--The term 
                        ``labor organization'' shall have the 
                        meaning given such term in section 2(5) 
                        of the National Labor Relations Act, 
                        and includes any entity (also known as 
                        a ``hiring hall'') which is used by the 
                        organization and an employer to carry 
                        out requirements described in section 
                        8(f)(3) of such Act of an agreement 
                        between the organization and the 
                        employer.
                  (C) Newly hired employee.--The term ``newly 
                hired employee'' means an employee who--
                          (i) has not previously been employed 
                        by the employer; or
                          (ii) was previously employed by the 
                        employer but has been separated from 
                        such prior employment for at least 60 
                        consecutive days.
  (b) Employer Information.--
          (1) Reporting requirement.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), each employer shall 
                furnish to the Directory of New Hires of the 
                State in which a newly hired employee works, a 
                report that contains the name, address, and 
                social security number of the employee, the 
                date services for remuneration were first 
                performed by the employee, and the name and 
                address of, and identifying number assigned 
                under section 6109 of the Internal Revenue Code 
                of 1986 to, the employer.
                  (B) Multistate employers.--An employer that 
                has employees who are employed in 2 or more 
                States and that transmits reports magnetically 
                or electronically may comply with subparagraph 
                (A) by designating 1 State in which such 
                employer has employees to which the employer 
                will transmit the report described in 
                subparagraph (A), and transmitting such report 
                to such State. Any employer that transmits 
                reports pursuant to this subparagraph shall 
                notify the Secretary in writing as to which 
                State such employer designates for the purpose 
                of sending reports.
                  (C) Federal government employers.--Any 
                department, agency, or instrumentality of the 
                United States shall comply with subparagraph 
                (A) by transmitting the report described in 
                subparagraph (A) to the National Directory of 
                New Hires established pursuant to section 453.
          (2) Timing of report.--Each State may provide the 
        time within which the report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall be made with respect to an employee, but such 
        report shall be made--
                  (A) not later than 20 days after the date the 
                employer hires the employee; or
                  (B) in the case of an employer transmitting 
                reports magnetically or electronically, by 2 
                monthly transmissions (if necessary) not less 
                than 12 days nor more than 16 days apart.
  (c) Reporting Format and Method.--Each report required by 
subsection (b) shall, to the extent practicable, be made on a 
W-4 form or, at the option of the employer, an equivalent form, 
and may be transmitted by 1st class mail, magnetically, or 
electronically.
  (d) Civil Money Penalties on Noncomplying Employers.--The 
State shall have the option to set a State civil money penalty 
which shall not exceed--
          (1) $25 per failure to meet the requirements of this 
        section with respect to a newly hired employee; or
          (2) $500 if, under State law, the failure is the 
        result of a conspiracy between the employer and the 
        employee to not supply the required report or to supply 
        a false or incomplete report.
  (e) Entry of Employer Information.--Information shall be 
entered into the data base maintained by the State Directory of 
New Hires within 5 business days of receipt from an employer 
pursuant to subsection (b).
  (f) Information Comparisons.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than May 1, 1998, an 
        agency designated by the State shall, directly or by 
        contract, conduct automated comparisons of the social 
        security numbers reported by employers pursuant to 
        subsection (b) and the social security numbers 
        appearing in the records of the State case registry for 
        cases being enforced under the State plan.
          (2) Notice of match.--When an information comparison 
        conducted under paragraph (1) reveals a match with 
        respect to the social security number of an individual 
        required to provide support under a support order, the 
        State Directory of New Hires shall provide the agency 
        administering the State plan approved under this part 
        of the appropriate State with the name, address, and 
        social security number of the employee to whom the 
        social security number is assigned, and the name and 
        address of, and identifying number assigned under 
        section 6109 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to, 
        the employer.
  (g) Transmission of Information.--
          (1) Transmission of wage withholding notices to 
        employers.--Within 2 business days after the date 
        information regarding a newly hired employee is entered 
        into the State Directory of New Hires, the State agency 
        enforcing the employee's child support obligation shall 
        transmit a notice to the employer of the employee 
        directing the employer to withhold from the income of 
        the employee an amount equal to the monthly (or other 
        periodic) child support obligation (including any past 
        due support obligation) of the employee, unless the 
        employee's income is not subject to withholding 
        pursuant to section 466(b)(3).
          (2) Transmissions to the national directory of new 
        hires.--
                  (A) New hire information.--Within 3 business 
                days after the date information regarding a 
                newly hired employee is entered into the State 
                Directory of New Hires, the State Directory of 
                New Hires shall furnish the information to the 
                National Directory of New Hires.
                  (B) Wage and unemployment compensation 
                information.--The State Directory of New Hires 
                shall, on a quarterly basis, furnish to the 
                National Directory of New Hires information 
                concerning the wages and unemployment 
                compensation paid to individuals, by such 
                dates, in such format, and containing such 
                information as the Secretary of Health and 
                Human Services shall specify in regulations.
          (3) Business day defined.--As used in this 
        subsection, the term ``business day'' means a day on 
        which State offices are open for regular business.
  (h) Other Uses of New Hire Information.--
          (1) Location of child support obligors.--The agency 
        administering the State plan approved under this part 
        shall use information received pursuant to subsection 
        (f)(2) to locate individuals for purposes of 
        establishing paternity and establishing, modifying, and 
        enforcing child support obligations, and may disclose 
        such information to any agent of the agency that is 
        under contract with the agency to carry out such 
        purposes.
          (2) Verification of eligibility for certain 
        programs.--A State agency responsible for administering 
        a program specified in section 1137(b) shall have 
        access to information reported by employers pursuant to 
        subsection (b) of this section for purposes of 
        verifying eligibility for the program.
          (3) Administration of employment security and 
        workers' compensation.--State agencies operating 
        employment security and workers' compensation programs 
        shall have access to information reported by employers 
        pursuant to subsection (b) for the purposes of 
        administering such programs.
          (4) Veteran employment.--The Secretaries of Labor and 
        of Veterans Affairs shall have access to information 
        reported by employers pursuant to subsection (b) of 
        this section for purposes of tracking employment of 
        veterans.

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                              ----------                              


 DIGNIFIED BURIAL AND OTHER VETERANS' BENEFITS IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2012




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                        TITLE III--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 301. OFF-BASE TRANSITION TRAINING FOR VETERANS AND THEIR SPOUSES.

  (a) Provision of Off-base Transition Training.--[During the 
two-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
Act] During the five-year period beginning on the date of the 
enactment of the Navy SEAL Chief Petty Officer William ``Bill'' 
Mulder (Ret.) Transition Improvement Act of 2019, the Secretary 
of Labor shall provide the Transition Assistance Program under 
section 1144 of title 10, United States Code, to eligible 
individuals at locations other than military installations [to 
assess the feasibility and advisability of providing such 
program to eligible individuals at locations other than 
military installations].
  (b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, an 
eligible individual is a veteran or the spouse of a veteran.
  (c) Locations.--
          (1) Number of states.--The Secretary shall carry out 
        the training under subsection (a) in [not less than 
        three and not more than five States] not fewer than 50 
        locations in States (as defined in section 101 of title 
        38, United States Code) selected by the Secretary for 
        purposes of this section.
          (2) Selection of states with high unemployment.--Of 
        the States selected by the Secretary under paragraph 
        (1), [at least two] at least 20 shall be States with 
        high rates of unemployment among veterans.
          (3) Number of locations in each state.--The Secretary 
        shall provide training under subsection (a) to eligible 
        individuals at a sufficient number of locations within 
        each State selected under this subsection to meet the 
        needs of eligible individuals in such State.
          (4) Selection of locations.--The Secretary shall 
        select locations for the provision of training under 
        subsection (a) to facilitate access by participants and 
        may not select any location on a military installation 
        other than a National Guard or reserve facility that is 
        not located on an active duty military installation.
  (d) Inclusion of Information About Veterans Benefits.--The 
Secretary shall ensure that the training provided under 
subsection (a) generally follows the content of the Transition 
Assistance Program under section 1144 of title 10, United 
States Code.
  (e) Annual Report.--Not later than March 1 of any year during 
which the Secretary provides training under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the provision of 
such training.
  [(f) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 180 days 
after the termination of the one-year period described in 
subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to Congress a report on the training provided 
under such subsection. The report shall include the evaluation 
of the Comptroller General regarding the feasibility and 
advisability of carrying out off-base transition training at 
locations nationwide.]

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