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116th Congress    }                                       {  Rept. 116-99
                         HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                       {     Part 1

======================================================================



 
                  NATIONAL LANDSLIDE PREPAREDNESS ACT

                                _______
                                

  June 3, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Grijalva, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 1261]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Natural Resources, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 1261) to establish a national program to 
identify and reduce losses from landslide hazards, to establish 
a national 3D Elevation Program, and for other purposes, having 
considered the same, report favorably thereon with an amendment 
and recommend that the bill as amended do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``National Landslide Preparedness Act''.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

  In this Act:
          (1) 3D.--The term ``3D'' means 3-dimensional.
          (2) 3D elevation data.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``3D elevation data'' means 
                3D, high-resolution data obtained using LiDAR, IfSAR, 
                or other methods over the United States (including 
                territories and freely associated states).
                  (B) Inclusions.--The term ``3D elevation data'' 
                includes terrestrial and bathymetric elevation data.
          (3) 3D elevation program.--The term ``3D Elevation Program'' 
        means the 3D Elevation Program established under section 5(a).
          (4) Freely associated states.--The term ``freely associated 
        states'' means--
                  (A) the Federated States of Micronesia;
                  (B) the Republic of the Marshall Islands; and
                  (C) the Republic of Palau.
          (5) IfSAR.--The term ``IfSAR'' means interferometric 
        synthetic aperture radar.
          (6) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination 
        and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
          (7) Lahar.--The term ``lahar'' means a large debris flow of 
        mostly volcanic material that is--
                  (A) often fast-moving; and
                  (B) a hazard in watersheds downstream of volcanic 
                peaks.
          (8) LiDAR.--The term ``LiDAR'' means light detection and 
        ranging.
          (9) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        the Interior, acting through the Director of the United States 
        Geological Survey.
          (10) State.--The term ``State'' means--
                  (A) a State; and
                  (B) the District of Columbia.
          (11) State office.--The term ``State office'' means any unit 
        of State government that handles the identification, mapping, 
        assessment, and research of landslide hazards or responding to 
        landslide events, including--
                  (A) a State geological survey office;
                  (B) a State department of emergency response; and
                  (C) a State department of transportation.
          (12) Territory.--The term ``territory'' means--
                  (A) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
                  (B) Guam;
                  (C) American Samoa;
                  (D) the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; 
                and
                  (E) the United States Virgin Islands.

SEC. 3. NATIONAL LANDSLIDE HAZARDS REDUCTION PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a program, to be 
known as the ``National Landslide Hazards Reduction Program'' (referred 
to in this section as the ``program'')--
          (1) to identify and understand landslide hazards and risks;
          (2) to reduce losses from landslides;
          (3) to protect communities at risk of landslide hazards; and
          (4) to help improve communication and emergency preparedness, 
        including by coordinating with communities and entities 
        responsible for infrastructure that are at risk of landslide 
        hazards.
  (b) Description of Program.--
          (1) Program activities.--The Secretary, in coordination with 
        the Interagency Coordinating Committee on Landslide Hazards 
        established by subsection (c)(1) (referred to in this section 
        as the ``Committee'') and in coordination with existing 
        activities of the United States Geological Survey and other 
        Federal agencies, shall--
                  (A) identify, map, assess, and research landslide 
                hazards;
                  (B) respond to landslide events; and
                  (C) in coordination with State offices, units of 
                local government, territories, freely associated 
                states, and Indian tribes--
                          (i) establish working groups with State 
                        offices, units of local government, 
                        territories, freely associated states, and 
                        Indian tribes to identify regional and local 
                        priorities for researching, identifying, 
                        mapping, and assessing landslide hazards; and
                          (ii) develop and implement landslide hazard 
                        guidelines for--
                                  (I) geologists;
                                  (II) geological and geotechnical 
                                engineers;
                                  (III) emergency management personnel; 
                                and
                                  (IV) land use and other 
                                decisionmakers.
          (2) National strategy.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, and every 5 years thereafter, the 
        Secretary, in coordination with the Committee, shall develop 
        and publish a national strategy for landslide hazards, risk 
        reduction, and response in the United States (including 
        territories and freely associated states), which shall 
        include--
                  (A) goals and priorities for the program;
                  (B) priorities for data acquisition, research, 
                communications, and risk management on landslides and 
                landslide hazards across relevant Federal agencies; and
                  (C) a detailed interagency plan, which shall take 
                into consideration national disaster preparedness, 
                response, and recovery frameworks, to carry out the 
                national strategy, including details about the 
                programs, projects, and budgets that will be used to 
                implement the national strategy.
          (3) National landslide hazards database.--In carrying out the 
        program, the Secretary, in coordination with State offices, 
        units of local government, territories, freely associated 
        states, and Indian tribes, shall develop and maintain a 
        publicly accessible national landslide hazard and risk 
        inventory database to compile, maintain, standardize, and 
        evaluate data regarding--
                  (A) landslide hazards and risks;
                  (B) the impact of landslides on--
                          (i) health and safety;
                          (ii) the economy and infrastructure; and
                          (iii) the environment;
                  (C) landslide hazard stabilization; and
                  (D) reduction of losses from landslides.
          (4) Landslide hazard and risk preparedness for communities.--
        In carrying out the program, the Secretary, in coordination 
        with the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of Commerce, the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
        Transportation, and the heads of other relevant Federal 
        agencies, and in consultation with State offices, units of 
        local government, territories, freely associated states, and 
        Indian tribes, shall develop and disseminate--
                  (A) landslide planning and risk reduction guidance, 
                guidelines, maps, tools, and training materials to help 
                inform State, territorial, freely associated state, 
                local, and Tribal governments and decisionmakers with 
                respect to--
                          (i) the use and implementation of landslide 
                        hazard assessments;
                          (ii) the applied use of the database 
                        developed under paragraph (3);
                          (iii) reducing losses from landslides; and
                          (iv) resources available for communities 
                        working to improve landslide hazard 
                        preparedness; and
                  (B) landslide preparedness curricula and training 
                modules for--
                          (i) State, territorial, freely associated 
                        state, local, and Tribal officials;
                          (ii) Federal, State, territorial, freely 
                        associated state, local, and Tribal emergency 
                        managers; and
                          (iii) the National Guard.
          (5) Debris flow early warning system.--In carrying out the 
        program, the Secretary, in coordination with the Secretary of 
        Commerce and the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall expand 
        the early warning system for debris flow by--
                  (A) expanding the early warning system for post-
                wildfire debris flow to include recently burned areas 
                across the western United States;
                  (B) developing procedures with State, territorial, 
                freely associated state, local, and Tribal governments 
                to monitor stormwater drainage in areas with high 
                debris flow risk; and
                  (C) identifying high-risk debris flow areas, such as 
                recently burned land and potential lahar hazard areas.
          (6) Emergency response activities.--In carrying out the 
        program, the Secretary, in coordination with the Secretary of 
        Commerce, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the heads of 
        other relevant Federal agencies, States offices, units of local 
        government, territories, freely associated states, and Indian 
        tribes, shall establish and support emergency response 
        procedures for the rapid deployment of Federal scientists, 
        equipment, and services to areas impacted by a significant 
        landslide event--
                  (A) to support emergency response efforts and improve 
                the safety of emergency responders;
                  (B) to improve data collection; and
                  (C) to conduct research to advance the understanding 
                of the causes, impacts, and reduction of landslide 
                hazards and risks.
  (c) Interagency Coordinating Committee on Landslide Hazards.--
          (1) In general.--There is established a committee, to be 
        known as the ``Interagency Coordinating Committee on Landslide 
        Hazards''.
          (2) Membership.--The Committee shall be composed of the 
        following members (or their designees):
                  (A) The Secretary, who shall serve as Chairperson of 
                the Committee.
                  (B) The Secretary of Agriculture.
                  (C) The Secretary of the Army.
                  (D) The Secretary of Commerce.
                  (E) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
                  (F) The Secretary of Transportation.
                  (G) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
                  (H) The Director of the Office of Science and 
                Technology Policy.
                  (I) The Director of the Office of Management and 
                Budget.
          (3) Meetings.--The Committee shall meet at the call of the 
        Chairperson.
          (4) Purpose and duties.--The Committee shall--
                  (A) advise and oversee the program;
                  (B) facilitate communication and coordination across 
                Federal agencies in the planning, management, 
                budgeting, and execution of landslide activities; and
                  (C) support the development and execution of the 
                national strategy under subsection (b)(2), including 
                by--
                          (i) supporting the development of national 
                        goals and priorities for the national strategy;
                          (ii) articulating Federal agency roles, 
                        responsibilities, and resources for carrying 
                        out the national strategy; and
                          (iii) overseeing the implementation of the 
                        national strategy.
  (d) Advisory Committee.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an advisory 
        committee, to be known as the ``Advisory Committee on 
        Landslides'' (referred to in this subsection as the ``Advisory 
        Committee'').
          (2) Membership.--The Advisory Committee shall be composed of 
        not fewer than 11 members--
                  (A) of whom none may be an individual described in 
                any of subparagraphs (A) through (F) of section 
                7342(a)(1) of title 5, United States Code; and
                  (B) who shall be representatives of--
                          (i) States, including State geological 
                        organizations;
                          (ii) territories and freely associated 
                        states, including territorial and freely 
                        associated state geological organizations;
                          (iii) Indian tribes, including Tribal 
                        geological organizations;
                          (iv) research institutions and institutions 
                        of higher education that are qualified--
                                  (I) to provide advice regarding 
                                landslide hazard and risk reduction; 
                                and
                                  (II) to represent related scientific, 
                                architectural, engineering, and 
                                planning disciplines;
                          (v) industry standards development 
                        organizations; and
                          (vi) State, territorial, freely associated 
                        state, local, and Tribal emergency management 
                        agencies.
          (3) Recommendations.--
                  (A) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall submit 
                to the Committee recommendations for the implementation 
                of the program, including recommendations regarding--
                          (i) landslide hazard and risk reduction and 
                        planning;
                          (ii) tools for communities;
                          (iii) research; and
                          (iv) such other topics as the Advisory 
                        Committee determines appropriate.
                  (B) Consideration.--The Secretary and the agency 
                heads described in subparagraphs (B) through (I) of 
                subsection (c)(2) shall take into consideration any 
                recommendation of the Advisory Committee submitted 
                under subparagraph (A).
  (e) Grant Programs.--
          (1) Cooperative landslide hazard mapping and assessment 
        program.--
                  (A) In general.--Subject to appropriations, the 
                Secretary may--
                          (i) provide grants, on a competitive basis, 
                        to State, territorial, freely associated state, 
                        local, and Tribal governments to research, map, 
                        assess, and collect data on landslide hazards 
                        within the jurisdictions of those governments; 
                        and
                          (ii) accept and use funds received from other 
                        Federal and non-Federal partners to advance the 
                        purposes of the program.
                  (B) Priority.--
                          (i) In general.--The Secretary shall consult 
                        annually with the Committee, States, units of 
                        local government, territories, freely 
                        associated states, and Indian tribes to 
                        establish priorities for the grant program 
                        under this paragraph.
                          (ii) Funding prioritization.--In providing 
                        grants under this paragraph, the Secretary 
                        shall give priority to projects--
                                  (I) that will achieve the greatest 
                                landslide hazard and risk reduction;
                                  (II) that reflect the goals and 
                                priorities of the national strategy 
                                established under subsection (b)(2)(A);
                                  (III) not less than 50 percent of the 
                                total cost of which is matched by non-
                                Federal sources; and
                                  (IV) that include acquisition of 
                                enhanced elevation data consistent with 
                                the 3D Elevation Program.
          (2) National landslide research grants.--
                  (A) In general.--To advance the goals and priorities 
                of the national strategy established under subsection 
                (b)(2)(A), subject to appropriations, the Director of 
                the National Science Foundation (referred to in this 
                paragraph as the ``Director'') may provide grants to 
                eligible entities for landslide research, including 
                research on--
                          (i) the causes, mechanisms, triggers, 
                        hydrology, and geology of landslides;
                          (ii) ways to reduce landslide hazards and 
                        risks to minimize loss of life and property, 
                        including landslide hazard and risk 
                        communication, perception, decisionmaking, 
                        tools, and technologies; and
                          (iii) other goals and priorities of the 
                        national strategy established under subsection 
                        (b)(2)(A).
                  (B) Eligible entities.--The Director shall determine 
                whether an entity is eligible to receive a grant under 
                this paragraph.
                  (C) Requirements.--In providing grants under this 
                paragraph, the Director shall--
                          (i) ensure that the grants are provided on a 
                        competitive basis; and
                          (ii) consider grant applications submitted by 
                        eligible entities that have developed the 
                        application in partnership with 1 or more State 
                        geological surveys.
  (f) Biennial Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
biennial report, including a description of, with respect to the 
preceding 2 calendar years--
          (1) the goals and accomplishments of the Secretary and the 
        agency heads described in subparagraphs (B) through (I) of 
        subsection (c)(2) in carrying out the national strategy 
        developed under subsection (b)(2), expressed--
                  (A) by agency, program, and budgetary resource; and
                  (B) by the goals and priorities of the national 
                strategy established under subsection (b)(2)(A);
          (2) the results of the activities of the Committee under this 
        section;
          (3) the extent to which any recommendations of the Advisory 
        Committee under subsection (d)(3)(A) have been implemented;
          (4) the grants provided under this section during the 
        preceding 2 calendar years, including a description of--
                  (A) each activity carried out using such a grant; and
                  (B) the results of those activities; and
          (5) for each significant landslide event in the United States 
        (including territories and freely associated states) during the 
        preceding 2 calendar years--
                  (A) a description of the landslide event and the 
                implications of the event on communities, including 
                life and property;
                  (B) recommendations on how the identification of the 
                landslide risk could have been improved prior to the 
                event;
                  (C) a description of the effectiveness of any warning 
                and risk communication, including the dissemination of 
                warnings by State, territorial, freely associated 
                state, local, and Tribal partners in the affected area;
                  (D) recommendations to improve risk identification, 
                reduction, and communication to landowners and units of 
                local government;
                  (E) recommendations to improve landslide hazard 
                preparedness and emergency response activities under 
                this section; and
                  (F) such other findings as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
  (g) Funding.--There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
this section $37,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2023, of 
which--
          (1) $25,000,000 each fiscal year shall be made available to 
        the United States Geological Survey;
          (2) $11,000,000 each fiscal year shall be made available to 
        the National Science Foundation; and
          (3) $1,000,000 each fiscal year shall be made available to 
        the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

SEC. 4. GROUND SUBSIDENCE.

  As the Secretary determines to be appropriate and subject to 
appropriations, the Secretary, through existing programs, shall advance 
the identification, mapping, research, monitoring, restoration, and 
mitigation of subsidence and groundwater resource accounting, losses 
from subsidence, including saltwater intrusion, particularly in areas 
affected by drought and sea level rise.

SEC. 5. 3D ELEVATION PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment of 3D Elevation Program.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program, to 
        be known as the ``3D Elevation Program''--
                  (A) to provide 3D elevation data coverage for the 
                United States;
                  (B) to coordinate and facilitate the collection, 
                dissemination, and use of 3D elevation data among 
                Federal departments and agencies and non-Federal 
                entities;
                  (C) to produce standard, publicly accessible 3D 
                elevation data products for the United States; and
                  (D) to promote the collection, dissemination, and use 
                of 3D elevation data among Federal, State, local, and 
                Tribal governments, communities, institutions of higher 
                education, and the private sector through--
                          (i) cooperative agreements;
                          (ii) the development and maintenance of 
                        spatial data infrastructure to provide quality 
                        control and deliver to the public 3D elevation 
                        data products;
                          (iii) in coordination with the 3D Elevation 
                        Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee 
                        established under subsection (b), States, and 
                        industry and standards bodies, the development 
                        of standards and guidelines for 3D elevation 
                        data acquisition to increase accessibility to 
                        3D elevation data in a standard, easy-to-use 
                        format; and
                          (iv) the identification, assessment, and 
                        adoption of emerging technologies to improve 
                        the accuracy and efficiency of the 3D Elevation 
                        Program.
          (2) Management.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall manage the 3D 
                Elevation Program--
                          (i) to ensure efficiency with respect to 
                        related activities of the Department of the 
                        Interior and other participating Federal 
                        departments and agencies; and
                          (ii) to meet the needs of Department of the 
                        Interior programs, stakeholders, and the 
                        public.
                  (B) Other federal departments and agencies.--The head 
                of each Federal department and agency involved in the 
                acquisition, production, distribution, or application 
                of 3D elevation data shall--
                          (i) coordinate with the 3D Elevation Federal 
                        Interagency Coordinating Committee established 
                        under subsection (b) to acquire additional, 
                        enhanced 3D elevation data;
                          (ii) submit to the Secretary a description of 
                        priority areas of interest for 3D elevation 
                        data collection for use in providing grants and 
                        cooperative agreements under subsection (d);
                          (iii) implement policies and procedures for 
                        data acquisition and sharing that are 
                        consistent with standards and guidelines 
                        developed under the 3D Elevation Program;
                          (iv) participate in, and share the results 
                        and benefits of, the 3D Elevation Program, in 
                        accordance with standards and guidelines 
                        developed under the 3D Elevation Program; and
                          (v) ensure that any 3D elevation data 
                        acquired with Federal grant funding--
                                  (I) meets 3D Elevation Program 
                                standards; and
                                  (II) is included in the national 
                                holdings of those data.
  (b) 3D Elevation Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee.--
          (1) Establishment.--The Secretary, in coordination with the 
        Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
        shall establish an interagency coordinating committee, to be 
        known as the ``3D Elevation Federal Interagency Coordinating 
        Committee'' (referred to in this subsection as the 
        ``Committee''), to better coordinate 3D elevation data 
        management across the Federal Government.
          (2) Membership.--The Committee shall be composed of the 
        following members (or their designees):
                  (A) The Secretary, who shall serve as Chairperson of 
                the Committee.
                  (B) The Secretary of Agriculture.
                  (C) The Secretary of Commerce.
                  (D) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
                  (E) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
                  (F) The Director of the Office of Science and 
                Technology Policy.
                  (G) The Director of the Office of Management and 
                Budget.
                  (H) The head of any other Federal department or 
                agency, at the request of the Secretary.
          (3) Coordination.--The Committee shall coordinate, as 
        appropriate, with the existing activities of--
                  (A) the 3D Elevation Program Executive Forum;
                  (B) the Alaska Mapping Executive Committee;
                  (C) the 3D Elevation Working Group;
                  (D) the 3D National Elevation Subcommittee; and
                  (E) State offices.
          (4) Meetings.--The Committee shall meet at the call of the 
        Chairperson.
          (5) Duties.--The Committee shall--
                  (A) oversee the planning, management, and 
                coordination of the 3D Elevation Program; and
                  (B) develop, by not later than 1 year after the date 
                of enactment of this Act, and update periodically 
                thereafter--
                          (i) a strategic plan that establishes goals 
                        and priorities for activities carried out under 
                        the 3D Elevation Program; and
                          (ii) a detailed management plan to implement 
                        the strategic plan.
  (c) Subcommittee of National Geospatial Advisory Committee.--
          (1) Establishment.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish, 
                within the National Geospatial Advisory Committee, a 
                subcommittee (referred to in this subsection as the 
                ``Subcommittee'').
                  (B) Membership.--The Subcommittee shall--
                          (i) consist of not fewer than 11 members, of 
                        whom none may be a Federal officer or employee; 
                        and
                          (ii) include representatives of--
                                  (I) research and academic 
                                institutions;
                                  (II) industry standards development 
                                organizations;
                                  (III) units of State and local 
                                government; and
                                  (IV) the private sector.
          (2) Duties.--
                  (A) Assessment.--The Subcommittee shall conduct an 
                assessment of--
                          (i) trends and developments in--
                                  (I) the collection, dissemination, 
                                and use of 3D elevation data; and
                                  (II) science and technology relating 
                                to 3D elevation data;
                          (ii) the effectiveness of the 3D Elevation 
                        Program in carrying out the activities 
                        described in subsection (a)(1);
                          (iii) the need to revise or reorganize the 3D 
                        Elevation Program; and
                          (iv) the management, coordination, 
                        implementation, and activities of the 3D 
                        Elevation Program.
                  (B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, 
                the Subcommittee shall submit to the Secretary and the 
                3D Elevation Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee 
                established under subsection (b) a report that 
                includes--
                          (i) the findings of the assessment under 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                          (ii) recommendations of the Subcommittee 
                        based on those findings, if any.
  (d) Grants and Cooperative Agreements.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants and enter into 
        cooperative agreements with other Federal departments and 
        agencies, units of State, local, or Tribal government, 
        institutions of higher education, nonprofit research 
        institutions, or other organizations to facilitate the 
        improvement of nationwide coverage of 3D elevation data.
          (2) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant or enter 
        into a cooperative agreement under this subsection, an entity 
        described in paragraph (1) shall submit to the Secretary an 
        application at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information as the Secretary may require.
          (3) Terms and conditions.--A grant or cooperative agreement 
        under this subsection shall be subject to such terms and 
        conditions as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, 
        including making data publically available and interoperable 
        with other Federal datasets.
  (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $40,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2023.

                          PURPOSE OF THE BILL

    The purpose of H.R. 1261 is to establish a national program 
to identify and reduce losses from landslide hazards, authorize 
the existing national 3D Elevation Program, and authorize 
studying, mitigating, and restoring instances of ground 
subsidence.

                  BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION

    Landslides are serious hazards that exist throughout the 
United States. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) estimates that 
landslides account for $1 billion to $2 billion in damages and, 
on average, more than 25 fatalities every year.\1\ As expansion 
of urban and recreational development occurs, individuals are 
more exposed to potential impacts from landslide hazards. 
Landslides are often triggered by events such as heavy storms, 
earthquakes, volcanic activities, and wildfires. The Landslides 
Hazards Program (LHP) in the USGS has existed since the 1970s 
to provide scientific information to minimize loss of life and 
property from landslides.\2\ The LHP partners with states and 
federal agencies to conduct landslide hazard assessments, 
investigations, and forecasts, and it provides assistance in 
response to landslide events. Local decisionmakers depend on 
the LHP for information before, during, and after landslide-
triggering disasters. Since fiscal year 2014, the LHP has been 
funded at approximately $3.5 million annually.\3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\U.S. Geological Survey, Landslide Hazards, https://www.usgs.gov/
natural-hazards/landslide-hazards/about.
    \2\Id.
    \3\U.S. Dep't of the Interior, Office of Budget, Fiscal Year 2019, 
https://www.doi.gov/budget/appropriations/2019.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    H.R. 1261 directs the Secretary of the Interior to bolster 
the LHP's activities by creating a National Landslide Hazards 
Reduction Program to identify and understand risks and reduce 
losses from landslide hazards and to help improve communication 
and emergency preparedness. The bill also authorizes the 
existing national 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) to update and 
produce standard, publicly accessible 3D elevation data for the 
United States, in coordination with other federal agencies and 
nonfederal entities. This 3DEP authorization would have value 
not only for assessing landslide hazards but also for 
identifying geologic and environmental hazards such as active 
faults and seismic areas, unstable ground, swelling soils, 
floodplains, and abandoned mine lands.
    The bill establishes two committees to oversee and 
coordinate the activities of the National Landslide Hazards 
Reduction Program and the 3DEP Program: the Interagency 
Coordinating Committee on Landslide Hazards, and the 3D 
Elevation Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee, 
respectively.

                            COMMITTEE ACTION

    H.R. 1261 was introduced on February 14, 2019, by 
Representative Suzan DelBene (D-WA). The bill was referred to 
the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology and the 
Committee on Natural Resources, and within the latter Committee 
to the Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources. On May 1, 
2019, the Natural Resources Committee met to consider the bill. 
The Subcommittee was discharged by unanimous consent. Chair 
Grijalva (D-AZ) offered an amendment designated Grijalva #1; it 
was adopted by unanimous consent. Representative Aumua Amata 
Coleman Radewagen (R-AS) offered an amendment designated 
Radewagen #1; it was adopted by unanimous consent. 
Representative Garret Graves (R-LA) offered an amendment 
designated Graves #1; it was adopted by unanimous consent. No 
additional amendments were offered. The bill, as amended, was 
ordered favorably reported to the House of Representatives by 
unanimous consent.

                                HEARINGS

    For the purposes of section 103(i) of H. Res. 6 of the 
116th Congress--the following hearings were used to develop or 
consider H.R. 1261: Full Committee Markup on Wednesday, May 1, 
2019, at 10:00 a.m. in Longworth House Office Building, Room 
1324; and Hearing by the Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral 
Resources on November 30, 2017, regarding H.R. 1675 (115th).

            COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

      COMPLIANCE WITH HOUSE RULE XIII AND CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT

     1. Cost of Legislation and the Congressional Budget Act. 
With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) and (3) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
sections 308(a) and 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974, the Committee has received the following estimate for the 
bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                       Washington, DC, May 9, 2019.
Hon. Raul M. Grijalva,
Chairman, Committee Natural Resources,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 1261, the National 
Landslide Preparedness Act.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Robert Reese.
            Sincerely,
                                                Keith Hall,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.
    
    
    Bill summary: H.R. 1261 would direct the United States 
Geological Survey (USGS) to implement two programs focused on 
mapping the territory of the United States. Under the bill, the 
National Landslide Hazards Reduction Program (NLHRP) would 
develop a national strategy to reduce landslide risks, create 
and maintain a publicly accessible database on landslide 
hazards, expand the current early warning system for flash 
floods and debris flow following wildfires, and lead an 
interagency coordinating committee on landslide hazards. The 
bill also would authorize two grant programs under the NLHRP.
    Under the 3D Elevation Program, the USGS would be required 
to develop elevation data for the United States and to produce 
publicly accessible data products. In implementing the program, 
the USGS would be authorized to make grants and enter into 
cooperative agreements. The bill would direct the USGS to head 
an interagency coordinating committee for the program.
    Estimated Federal cost: The estimated budgetary effect of 
H.R. 1261 is shown in Table 1. The costs of the legislation 
fall within budget function 300 (natural resources and 
environment).

               TABLE 1.--ESTIMATED INCREASES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION UNDER H.R. 1261
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  By fiscal year, millions of dollars--
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                          2019-
                                                          2019    2020    2021    2022    2023    2024     2024
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Landslide Hazards Reduction Program:
    Authorization......................................       0      37      37      37      37       0      148
    Estimated Outlays..................................       0      26      35      37      37      11      146
3D Elevation Program:
    Authorization......................................       0      40      40      40      40       0      160
    Estimated Outlays..................................       0      16      34      40      40      24      154
    Total Changes:
        Authorization..................................       0      77      77      77      77       0      308
        Estimated Outlays..............................       0      42      69      77      77      35      300
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Basis of estimate: For this estimate, CBO assumes that H.R. 
1261 will be enacted during fiscal year 2019 and that the 
authorized amounts will be appropriated for each fiscal year 
beginning in 2020. Estimated outlays follow historical patterns 
for similar programs.
    H.R. 1261 would authorize the appropriation of $77 million 
a year for a total of $308 million over the 2020-2023 period. 
Assuming appropriation of those amounts, CBO estimates that the 
bill would cost $300 million over the 2020-2024 period and $8 
million after 2024.

National Landslide Hazards Reduction Program

    H.R. 1261 would authorize the appropriation of $37 million 
annually from 2020 to 2023 for the USGS to implement the NLHRP. 
CBO estimates that implementing the program as authorized would 
cost $146 million over the 2020-2024 period. Currently the USGS 
operates a similar program that meets some of the requirements 
of H.R. 1261. In 2019, the USGS allocated about $4 million to 
that program.

3D Elevation Program

    The bill would authorize the appropriation of $40 million 
annually from 2020 to 2023 for the USGS to implement the 3D 
Elevation Program. CBO estimates that implementing the program 
would cost $154 million over the 2020-2024 period. Currently 
the USGS operates a similar program that meets some of the 
requirements outlined under H.R. 1261. In 2019, the USGS 
allocated about $38 million to that program.
    Pay-As-You-Go considerations: None.
    Increase in long-term deficits: None.
    Mandates: None.
    Previous CBO estimate: On May 2, 2019, CBO transmitted a 
cost estimate for S. 529, the National Landslide Preparedness 
Act, as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation on April 3, 2019. CBO's estimated 
costs of implementing the NLHRP are the same for both bills. 
CBO's estimated costs for implementing the 3D Elevation Program 
differ because the authorizations of appropriations in the two 
bills are different.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal Costs: Robert Reese; 
Mandates: Jon Sperl.
    Estimate reviewed by: Kim P. Cawley, Chief, Natural and 
Physical Resources Cost Estimates Unit; H. Samuel Papenfuss, 
Deputy Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.
    2. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general performance goals and 
objectives of this bill is to establish a national program to 
identify and reduce losses from landslide hazards, authorize 
the existing national 3D Elevation Program, and authorize 
studying, mitigating, and restoring instances of ground 
subsidence.

                           EARMARK STATEMENT

    This bill does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined 
under clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

                 UNFUNDED MANDATES REFORM ACT STATEMENT

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT STATEMENT

    The functions of the proposed advisory committees 
authorized in this bill are not currently being nor could they 
be performed by one of more agencies, an advisory group already 
in existence, or by enlarging the mandate of an existing 
advisory group.

                           EXISTING PROGRAMS

    Duplication of Existing Programs. This bill does not 
establish or reauthorize a program of the federal government 
known to be duplicative of another program. Such program was 
not included in any report from the Government Accountability 
Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139 
or identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance published pursuant to 31 U.S.C. Sec. 6104, as 
relating to other programs.

                  APPLICABILITY TO LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

               PREEMPTION OF STATE, LOCAL, OR TRIBAL LAW

    Any preemptive effect of this bill over state, local, or 
tribal law is intended to be consistent with the bill's 
purposes and text and the Supremacy Clause of Article VI of the 
U.S. Constitution.

                        CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW

    If enacted, this bill would make no changes to existing 
law.