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                                                      Calendar No. 228
116th Congress      }                                   {       Report
                                 SENATE
 1st Session        }                                   {      116-124

======================================================================



 
                LEGISLATIVE BRANCH APPROPRIATIONS, 2020

                                _______
                                

              September  26, 2019.--Ordered to be printed

 Mrs. Hyde-Smith, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the 
                               following

                                 REPORT

                         [To accompany S. 2581]

    The Committee on Appropriations reports the bill (S. 2581) 
making appropriations for the legislative branch for the fiscal 
year ending September 30, 2020, and for other purposes, reports 
favorably thereon and recommends that the bill do pass.


 
Amount of new budget (obligational) authority

Total of bill as reported to the Senate.................  $3,600,003,000
Amount of 2019 appropriations...........................   3,412,414,000
Amount of 2020 budget estimate..........................   3,773,787,000
Bill as recommended to Senate compared to--
    2019 appropriations.................................    +187,589,000
    2020 budget estimate................................    -173,784,000

 
 

 
                                CONTENTS

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page
General Statement and Summary....................................     4
Title I:
    Legislative Branch Appropriations:
        Senate:
            Expense Allowances...................................     6
            Representation Allowances for the Majority and 
              Minority Leaders...................................     6
            Salaries, Officers, and Employees....................     7
            Office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate......    14
            Office of Senate Legal Counsel.......................    14
            Expense Allowances of the Secretary of the Senate, 
              Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate, and 
              Secretaries for the Majority and Minority of the 
              Senate.............................................    15
            Contingent Expenses of the Senate....................    15
            Administrative Provisions............................    28
        Joint Items:
            Joint Economic Committee.............................    28
            Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies 
              of 2021............................................    28
            Joint Committee on Taxation..........................    28
            Office of the Attending Physician....................    29
            Office of Congressional Accessibility Services.......    29
        Capitol Police:
            Salaries.............................................    31
            General Expenses.....................................    32
        Office of Congressional Workplace Rights: Salaries and 
          Expenses...............................................    33
        Congressional Budget Office: Salaries and Expenses.......    34
        Architect of the Capitol:
            Capital Construction and Operations..................    35
            Capitol Building.....................................    36
            Capitol Grounds......................................    38
            Senate Office Buildings..............................    38
            Capitol Power Plant..................................    40
            Library Buildings and Grounds........................    41
            Capitol Police Buildings, Grounds and Security.......    42
            Botanic Garden.......................................    42
            Capitol Visitor Center...............................    43
            Administrative Provisions............................    43
        Library of Congress:
            Salaries and Expenses................................    44
            Copyright Office.....................................    47
            Congressional Research Service.......................    48
            Books for the Blind and Physically Handicapped.......    49
            Administrative Provisions............................    50
        Government Publishing Office:
            Congressional Publishing.............................    50
            Public Information Programs of the Office of 
              Superintendent of Documents........................    51
            Government Publishing Office Business Operations 
              Revolving Fund.....................................    51
        Government Accountability Office: Salaries and Expenses..    52
        Open World Leadership Center Trust Fund..................    53
        John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and 
          Develop-
          ment...................................................    53
Title II: General Provisions.....................................    54
Compliance With Paragraph 7, Rule XVI, of the Standing Rules of 
  the Sen- 
  ate............................................................    55
Compliance With Paragraph 7(c), Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules 
  of the Senate..................................................    55
Compliance With Paragraph 12, Rule XXVI, of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................    56
Budgetary Impact of Bill.........................................    57
Comparative Statement of Budget Authority........................    58

                     GENERAL STATEMENT AND SUMMARY

    The Legislative Branch appropriations bill provides funding 
for the Congress and for the agencies that serve the Congress. 
Multiple agencies funded through this bill provide oversight of 
executive branch agencies, including objective, nonpartisan, 
and timely audits and analysis of Federal programs. The funding 
in this bill also ensures that the public has permanent access 
to printed and electronic information products of the Federal 
Government.
    All accounts in the bill have been examined in detail to 
ensure that the funding provided is appropriate for the 
agencies to carry out their responsibilities and to continue to 
respond to Congress in a timely and accurate manner. Details on 
the accounts, the funding levels provided, and the Committee's 
justification for the funding levels are included in the 
report.
    Conforming to longstanding practice under which each body 
of Congress determines its own housekeeping requirements and 
the other concurs without intervention, funds for the House are 
not included in the bill as reported to the Senate.
    The Committee recommends new budget (obligational) 
authority of $3,593,002,000 for the legislative branch for 
fiscal year 2020. This amount excludes House items as per 
normal protocol. This total is $165,285,634 below the fiscal 
year 2020 budget request and $186,763,035 above the fiscal year 
2019 appropriation.
    The bill includes $969,395,000 for the operations of the 
Senate, which is $77,082,964 below the fiscal year 2020 
request. The bill includes $585,782,000 for the Architect of 
the Capitol to maintain, improve, and construct buildings and 
facilities for the Congress. The recommendation for the 
Architect of the Capitol is $71,211,000 below the fiscal year 
2020 request. The recommendation provides for needed upgrades 
to project management systems, supports the day-to-day 
operations of each jurisdiction, and allows for the most 
critical capital improvements across campus. The bill also 
includes $464,341,000 for the Capitol Police; $639,436,000 for 
the Government Accountability Office; $735,801,000 for the 
Library of Congress; and $117,000,000 for the Government 
Publishing Office.
    Cybersecurity for the Legislative Branch.--The U.S. 
Congress and the legislative branch agencies are charged with 
combating cyber-attacks that could disrupt Congress' ability to 
perform its constitutional duties. Accordingly, the legislative 
branch agencies, including the U.S. Senate, must have the tools 
and resources necessary to defend our networks against 
sophisticated adversaries. The Committee recommendation 
includes funding requested by legislative branch agencies in 
fiscal year 2020 to strengthen cyber defenses.
    Science and Technology Advice to Congress.--The Committee 
recognizes the importance of having timely, unbiased, 
professional, and analytical expertise regarding an array of 
multifaceted science and technological policy issues. The 
Committee looks forward to reviewing the recommendations of the 
National Academy of Public Administration study currently 
underway, including the evaluation of options available to 
Congress in the area of science and technology. The Committee 
will continue to engage key authorizing committees and 
interested members as these discussions continue.
    Good Accounting Obligation in Government Act.--The Good 
Accounting Obligation in Government Act, or GAO-IG Act (Public 
Law 115-414) requires that each Federal agency, including the 
agencies of the legislative branch, include an accounting of 
any public recommendations by the Government Accountability 
Office or the agency's Office of Inspector General that have 
not yet been implemented, and the timeframe for implementation. 
It is expected that each agency in this bill include such a 
report in its fiscal year 2021 congressional budget 
justification.
    Offices of Inspectors General Budgets.--The Committee 
believes it is important to ensure independence between 
legislative branch Offices of Inspectors General [OIG] and 
their respective reporting agencies and expects to see a 
separate section in each agency's fiscal year 2021 budget 
justification reflecting a detailed budget request for the 
agency's OIG. Additionally, the Committee directs each OIG to 
keep the Committee fully apprised of its funding needs. In 
addition, the Committee directs each agency to avoid 
interference with or require approval for such communications.
    Reprogramming Guidelines.--The Committee expects all 
agencies to notify the Committee of any significant departures 
from budget plans presented to the Committee in any agency's 
budget justifications. In particular, agencies funded through 
this bill are required to notify the Committee prior to any 
reprogramming of funds in excess of the lesser of 10 percent or 
$750,000 between programs, projects, or activities, or in 
excess of $750,000 between object classifications (except for 
shifts within the pay categories, object class 11, 12, and 13 
or as further specified in each agency's respective section). 
This includes cumulative reprogrammings that together total at 
least $750,000 from or to a particular program, activity, or 
object classification as well as reprogramming of full-time 
equivalents or funds to create new organizational entities 
within the agency or to restructure entities which already 
exist. The Committee expects to be notified of reprogramming 
actions which involve less than the above-mentioned amounts if 
such actions would have the effect of changing an agency's 
funding requirements in future years or if programs or projects 
specifically cited in the Committee's reports are affected.
    Full-Time Equivalents [FTE].--The Committee directs that 
budget justifications sent to the Committee shall include a 
comparison of FTE based on the number of FTE supported by the 
funding provided in the current enacted appropriations 
legislation and the number of FTE that would be supported by 
the funding requested for the following fiscal year.

                                TITLE I

                   LEGISLATIVE BRANCH APPROPRIATIONS

                                 SENATE

                           Expense Allowances

Appropriations, 2019....................................        $189,840
Budget estimate, 2020...................................         195,000
Committee recommendation................................         189,840

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $189,840 for 
the expense allowances of the Vice President, the President pro 
tempore and President pro tempore emeritus of the Senate, the 
majority and minority leaders, the majority and minority whips, 
the chairmen of the majority and minority conference 
committees, and the chairmen of the majority and minority 
policy committees. The recommendation is identical to the 
fiscal year 2019 appropriation. The recommended allowances are 
as follows:
    For the expense allowance of the Vice President, the 
Committee recommends an amount of $18,760.
    For the expense allowance of the President Pro Tempore, the 
Committee recommends an amount of $37,520.
    For the expense allowance of the President Pro Tempore 
Emeritus, the Committee recommends an amount of $15,000.
    For the expense allowance of the majority and minority 
leaders, the Committee recommends $39,920 for each leader, for 
a total of $74,840.
    For the expense allowance of the majority and minority 
whips, the Committee recommends $9,980 for each whip, for a 
total of $19,960.
    For the expense allowance for the chairmen of the majority 
and minority conference committees, the Committee recommends 
$4,690 for each chairman, for a total of $9,380.
    For the expense allowance for the chairmen of the majority 
and minority policy committees, the Committee recommends $4,690 
for each chairman, for a total of $9,380.
    Expenditures from all the foregoing allowances are made 
upon certification from the individuals for whom the allowances 
are authorized, and are reported semiannually in the report of 
the Secretary of the Senate.

    Representation Allowances for the Majority and Minority Leaders

Appropriations, 2019....................................         $28,140
Budget estimate, 2020...................................          30,000
Committee recommendation................................          28,140

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $28,140 for 
representation allowances for the majority and minority 
leaders. The recommendation is identical to the fiscal year 
2019 appropriation.
    This allowance was established in the Supplemental 
Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 1985 (Public Law 99-88). The 
funds were authorized to be used by the majority and minority 
leaders solely for the discharge of their appropriate 
responsibilities in connection with official visits to the 
United States by members of foreign legislative bodies and 
representatives of foreign governments and intergovernmental 
agencies. The recommended amount is to be divided equally 
between the two leaders.
    Expenditures from this allowance are made upon 
certification of the leaders and are reported in the semiannual 
report of the Secretary of the Senate.

                   Salaries, Officers, and Employees

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $208,390,812
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     216,325,812
Committee recommendation................................     216,321,170

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $216,321,170 
for the subaccounts funded under the overall account for the 
salaries of officers and employees of the Senate. The 
recommendation is $7,930,358 above the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation and $4,642 below the fiscal year 2020 request.
    It should be noted that, except for a handful of positions 
in the Offices of the Secretary and the Sergeant at Arms [SAA] 
that are required by statute, specific staffing levels are not 
stipulated either by the budget request or by the Committee's 
recommendation. Rather, lump-sum allowances are provided to 
fund staffing levels each office finds necessary and 
appropriate for the performance of its duties. Estimated 
staffing levels for offices funded under this appropriation for 
fiscal year 2020 are approximately 1,348 positions.

                    SALARIES, OFFICERS, AND EMPLOYEES
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Fiscal year 2020
                                      Fiscal year 2019      Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Office of the Vice President........        $2,484,248        $2,533,000
Office of the President Pro Tempore.           744,466           759,000
Office of the President Pro Tempore            319,000           326,000
 Emeritus...........................
Offices of the majority and minority         5,399,576         5,506,000
 leaders............................
Offices of the majority and minority         3,455,424         3,525,000
 whips..............................
Conference committees...............         3,408,000         3,476,000
Offices of the secretaries of the              843,402           862,000
 conference of the majority and the
 conference of the minority.........
Policy Committees...................         3,481,810         3,552,000
Office of the Chaplain..............           474,886           510,000
Office of the Secretary.............        26,315,000        26,818,000
Office of the Sergeant at Arms and          84,157,000        85,867,000
 Doorkeeper.........................
Offices of the secretaries for the           1,900,000         1,940,000
 majority and minority..............
                                     -----------------------------------
      Totals........................       132,982,812       135,674,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Any change from the allocation of funds in the subaccounts 
within this appropriation is subject to the approval of the 
Committee.
    The total amount appropriated is allocated to the various 
offices of the Senate as displayed under the headings for the 
offices that follow.

                      OFFICE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $2,484,248
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       2,533,248
Committee recommendation................................       2,533,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $2,533,000 to 
fund the salaries of the administrative and clerical staff of 
the Office of the Vice President in connection with his duties 
as the President of the Senate.

                  OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE

Appropriations, 2019....................................        $744,466
Budget estimate, 2020...................................         759,466
Committee recommendation................................         759,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $759,000 for 
the Office of the President Pro Tempore.

              OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE EMERITUS

Appropriation, 2019.....................................        $319,000
Budget Estimate, 2020...................................         327,000
Committee recommendation................................         326,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $326,000 for 
the Office of the President Pro Tempore Emeritus.

              OFFICES OF THE MAJORITY AND MINORITY LEADERS

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $5,399,576
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       5,505,576
Committee recommendation................................       5,506,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $5,506,000 for 
the offices of the majority and minority leaders. The amount 
recommended is to be equally divided, providing $2,753,000 for 
each office.
    The administrative and clerical staffs funded by this 
appropriation were authorized under the provisions of Public 
Law 91-145, effective November 1, 1969.

               OFFICES OF THE MAJORITY AND MINORITY WHIPS

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $3,455,424
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       3,525,424
Committee recommendation................................       3,525,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $3,525,000 for 
the offices of the majority and minority whips. It is to be 
equally divided, providing $1,762,500 for each office.
    The authority for the administrative and clerical staff 
funded by this appropriation was created by Public Law 84-242, 
effective July 1, 1955.

                      COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $15,496,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      15,793,000
Committee recommendation................................      15,793,000

    For the salaries of the staff of the Committee on 
Appropriations, the Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$15,793,000.

                         CONFERENCE COMMITTEES

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $3,408,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       3,476,000
Committee recommendation................................       3,476,000

    For the administrative and clerical staffs of the majority 
and minority conference committees, the Committee recommends an 
appropriation of $3,476,000. The appropriation provides 
$1,738,000 in salaries for the staff of each conference 
committee. The chairman of each conference committee may 
transfer to or from amounts provided for salaries of each 
conference to the account for conference committee expenses 
within the ``Miscellaneous Items'' appropriation.

 OFFICES OF THE SECRETARIES OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE MAJORITY AND THE 
                       CONFERENCE OF THE MINORITY

Appropriations, 2019....................................        $843,402
Budget estimate, 2020...................................         863,402
Committee recommendation................................         862,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $862,000 for 
the majority and minority conference secretaries.
    These offices were created by section 6 of Senate 
Resolution 17, agreed to January 10, 1977, and two positions in 
each office were first funded in the Supplemental 
Appropriations Act, 1977 (Public Law 95-26).
    Section 102 of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1979 
(Public Law 96-38), abolished the specific positions and 
established a lump-sum allowance for the employment of staff, 
effective October 1, 1979. The amount recommended is to be 
divided equally between the majority secretary and the minority 
secretary.

                           POLICY COMMITTEES

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $3,481,810
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       3,551,810
Committee recommendation................................       3,552,000

    For the salaries of the administrative and clerical staffs 
of the majority and minority policy committees, the Committee 
recommends an appropriation of $3,552,000. The appropriation 
provides $1,776,000 in salaries for the staff of each 
committee.
    The chairman of each policy committee may transfer to or 
from amounts provided for salaries of each policy committee to 
the account for policy committee expenses within the 
``Miscellaneous Items'' appropriation.

                         OFFICE OF THE CHAPLAIN

Appropriations, 2019....................................        $474,886
Budget estimate, 2020...................................         510,886
Committee recommendation................................         510,000

    For the Office of the Chaplain, the Committee recommends an 
appropriation of $510,000. The amount recommended provides the 
salaries for the Chaplain of the Senate and support staff to 
assist the Chaplain with his pastoral duties. The Fiscal Year 
1988 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, Public Law 100-202, 
established the rate of pay for the Chaplain at Executive Level 
IV.
    The Office of the Chaplain may transfer to or from amounts 
provided for salaries to the account for expenses within the 
``Miscellaneous Items'' appropriation.

                        OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $26,315,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      26,818,000
Committee recommendation................................      26,818,000

    The Committee recommends $26,818,000 for salaries of the 
Office of the Secretary. Fiscal year 2020 staffing levels are 
estimated at 248 positions.
    This appropriation provides funds for four statutory 
positions (Secretary of the Senate, Assistant Secretary of the 
Senate, Financial Clerk of the Senate, and Parliamentarian of 
the Senate) and lump-sum allowances for the employment and 
adjustment of salaries of personnel in the Office of the 
Secretary of the Senate, as authorized by Public Law 97-51, 
effective October 1, 1981 (2 U.S.C. 6539).
    The following departmental guidelines for fiscal year 2020 
have been submitted by the Secretary to the Committee. The 
departmental budgets under executive offices include: the 
Executive Office of the Secretary of the Senate, Page School, 
Senate Security, Information Systems, and Web Technology. The 
departmental budgets grouped under administrative services 
include: conservation and preservation, curator, disbursing 
office, gift shop, historical office, human resources, 
interparliamentary services, library, printing and document 
services, public records, chief counsel for employment, and the 
stationery room. The departmental budgets grouped under 
legislative services include: the bill clerk, daily digest, 
enrolling clerk, journal clerk, legislative clerk, Official 
Reporters of Debates, captioning services, executive clerk, LIS 
project office, and Parliamentarian.
    The Committee provides these funds to the Secretary of the 
Senate without apportionment in the interest of facilitating 
financial management duties and restructuring that occurs from 
time to time. The Committee expects to be notified in writing 
in a timely manner of any changes to the staffing levels, 
distribution of staff or related funding.

             OFFICE OF THE SERGEANT AT ARMS AND DOORKEEPER

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $84,157,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      85,867,000
Committee recommendation................................      85,867,000

    This appropriation provides funds for the salaries of three 
statutory positions (Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper, Deputy 
Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper, and Administrative Assistant 
to the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper) and lump-sum allowances 
for employment and adjustments of salaries of personnel in the 
Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate, as 
authorized by Public Law 97-51, effective October 1, 1981 (2 
U.S.C. 6597).
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $85,867,000 
for fiscal year 2020, which supports a staffing level of 920. 
The recommendation includes funding to enhance the IT help desk 
experience in the Senate; begin implementation of a Unified 
Communications system; and will fully support the continued 
initiative to expand the Senate's cybersecurity capabilities. 
The Committee expects to be updated regularly as the 
Cybersecurity Department develops its strategic plan to 
modernize and harden the Senate's cyber defense.
    The Sergeant at Arms is the chief law enforcement officer, 
the chief protocol officer and an executive officer of the 
Senate. To fulfill these responsibilities, the Sergeant at Arms 
operates through four principal units:
  --The Office of Security and Emergency Preparedness prepares 
        the Senate to respond to a full spectrum of emergencies 
        that may disrupt normal business operations. This 
        preparation includes programs that support life safety, 
        intelligence, security, and continuity of operations 
        policies and programs throughout the U.S. Senate, 
        including Senate home state offices, as well as 
        strategic and analytic assistance to the Sergeant at 
        Arms in his capacity as Chairman or Member of the 
        Capitol Police Board and Chief Law Enforcement Officer 
        of the Senate.
  --Capitol Operations is responsible for many of the services 
        provided within the Capitol building that support the 
        day-to-day operation of the Senate. Services include 
        Chamber operations maintained by the Doorkeepers; 
        official business visitor processing provided by the 
        Senate Appointment Desks; as well as credentialing and 
        interfacing with the news media via the Senate Media 
        Galleries. In addition, the Senate Recording Studio 
        provides audio and video services.
  --The Operations Division provides an array of services to 
        the Senate community to include, identification, 
        transportation, parking, and photographic services; 
        printing, publishing, graphic design, and framing 
        services; and USPS mail screening, and mailing and 
        package delivery services. Operations furnishes and 
        maintains the Senate side of the Capitol Building and 
        supports the maintenance of Senate state offices.
  --The Office of the Chief Information Officer [OCIO] builds, 
        operates, and supports the Senate's information 
        infrastructure. The OCIO is responsible for information 
        security, technology infusion, telecommunications, 
        helpdesk, IT systems to support Continuity of 
        Operations and Continuity of Government, enterprise 
        computing systems, data networks, web services and 
        hosting, system development, and office equipment.
    Executive and other offices provide general management, 
human resource, financial, and training support to the Senate.
    The offices and personnel covered by this appropriation are 
shown in the following table.


------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Office of Protective Services and Continuity...............       60 FTE
Capitol Operations.........................................          120
Operations.................................................          285
Chief Information Officer..................................          339
Executive and administrative offices.......................          116
                                                            ------------
  Total....................................................          920
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    The Committee provides these funds to the Sergeant at Arms 
without apportionment in the interest of facilitating financial 
management duties and restructuring that occurs from time to 
time. The Committee expects to be notified in writing in a 
timely manner of any changes to the staffing levels, 
distribution of staff or related funding.
    SAA Office of Member Outreach and Security Coordination.--
The Committee finds that identifying and evaluating risks to 
Members is challenging given the large number of Members and 
their varying schedules for both on and off-campus events. This 
challenge is further heightened given evolving physical threats 
to Members, as highlighted by the 2017 shooting in Alexandria, 
Virginia. To address these challenges in the Senate, the 
Committee directed SAA to establish an Office of Member 
Outreach and Security Coordination dedicated to liaising with 
Senators' offices in order to create better awareness of 
Senators' activities off of the Capitol campus; to educate and 
train staff to identify and alert the SAA and the United States 
Capitol Police [USCP] of events or activities that may warrant 
a threat assessment; and to facilitate threat assessments and 
security coordination with the USCP as well as Federal and 
local law enforcement, as appropriate. The SAA disseminates a 
weekly email entitled ``Enhancing Member Safety and Security'' 
to all Administrative Managers, Chief Clerks, and Schedulers to 
provide specific information in furtherance of security at 
public events that the Senator may attend, in both the state 
and Washington, DC. The SAA has also assisted Senate staff with 
over 561 assessments and law enforcement coordination since 
October 2018.
    Office Cybersecurity.--The Committee directs SAA to utilize 
funds provided for fiscal year 2020 to: enable personal and 
Committee offices to utilize third-party cybersecurity services 
to protect the privacy and integrity of office networks; 
provide annual cybersecurity audits for all Senate offices; 
provide enhanced cybersecurity training for each Senate office; 
institute protections against insider threats; and institute 
and operationalize enhanced privacy protections within the 
Senate network.
    Senators' Personal Cybersecurity.--The Committee recognizes 
that Senators are being targeted for hacking and cyberattacks, 
especially via their personal devices and accounts. The 
bipartisan Senators' Personal Cybersecurity Working Group 
[Working Group], established by the Legislative Branch 
Appropriations Act, 2018, to identify, develop, and recommend 
options to provide enhanced cybersecurity for Senators' 
personal communications devices and accounts, completed its 
work in November, 2018. While the Working Group did not provide 
a recommendation, the final report presented five options for 
consideration, along with analysis of the benefits and 
limitations of each option, and described any statutory, 
ethics, rules, or appropriations changes that may be required 
for each option. However, the Working Group did encourage the 
Sergeant at Arms to engage in certain activities that could 
begin immediately or continue, absent additional appropriations 
or statutory changes, to enhance Senators' personal 
cybersecurity, such as cybersecurity training, cyber 
advisories, and cybersecurity best practice documents tailored 
to personal devices and accounts. The SAA has, since the 
Working Group's completion, greatly improved communications 
with the Senate community in this area. The SAA shall, in 
coordination with this Committee, the Senate Committee on Rules 
and Administration, and Senate Majority and Minority 
Leadership, continue to explore ways, including the options 
presented in the Working Group's report, in which it may better 
provide voluntary cybersecurity support to any Senator seeking 
assistance with their personal devices or accounts under 
existing ethics, rules, appropriations, statutory, and civil 
law.
    Training to ``Stop the Bleed''.--Similar to CPR training, 
basic bleeding control techniques are critical to saving lives. 
Developed by the American College of Surgeons [ACS] after the 
tragedy at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, 
Connecticut, ``Stop the Bleed'' training works to enhance 
survivability from mass shootings as well as other casualty 
events such as car accidents and home accidents. ``Stop the 
Bleed'' training empowers first responders, as well as non-
professional individuals, with basic skills and techniques to 
immediately control external bleeding until medical help 
arrives. The ACS provides both direct training and ``train the 
trainer'' courses with the educational component of ``Stop the 
Bleed'' offered free of charge and courses are run at cost. The 
Committee supports the expansion of ``Stop the Bleed'' training 
on the Capitol campus, as well as in schools, workplaces, and 
other organizations, in order to improve survival rates of mass 
shootings and other events causing life-threatening external 
bleeding.
    Since August 2018, the SAA Office of Training and 
Development has provided four open classes (once per quarter), 
and roughly 180 staff have received training. Senators and 
committee offices should be aware that they may request ``Stop 
the Bleed'' training directly for their staffs, which the SAA 
coordinates with the ACS to schedule and provide. The Committee 
directs the SAA, in coordination with the Office of the 
Attending Physician, as appropriate, to continue incorporating 
``Stop the Bleed'' training into the Senate's training and 
development programming for both DC and State offices, and 
ensure that offices are aware this training is available. The 
Committee directs the SAA to provide periodic updates to the 
Committee on the details of such training, including planned 
frequency, trainer competencies, and the number of staff 
trained.
    E-Signature Platform.--The Committee encourages the Senate 
Sergeant at Arms to continue to explore ways to use new 
technology tools to improve the efficiency and productivity of 
Senate offices. One area in which technology may do this is an 
e-Signature platform, which would allow Senate offices the 
option to sign multi-signature letters electronically, with the 
goal of streamlining the signature process, providing 
significant time savings for staff, and mitigating signing and 
typographical errors. Not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this act, the SAA shall report to the Committee on the 
estimated costs and feasibility of implementing an e-Signature 
platform across the Senate, including determining the number of 
offices that would utilize this technology option.

        OFFICES OF THE SECRETARIES FOR THE MAJORITY AND MINORITY

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $1,900,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       1,940,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,940,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $1,940,000 for 
the offices of the secretaries for the majority and minority. 
The appropriation is to be equally divided, providing $970,000 
for each office.

                          AGENCY CONTRIBUTIONS

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $59,912,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      64,855,000
Committee recommendation................................      64,854,170

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $64,854,170 
for agency contributions for employees paid under certain 
appropriations, including ``Salaries, officers, and 
employees,'' ``Joint Economic Committee,'' ``Office of the 
Legislative Counsel of the Senate,'' and ``Office of Senate 
Legal Counsel.''
    Agency contributions include the Senate's contributions as 
an employer to the Civil Service Retirement System, the Federal 
Employees' Retirement System, the Thrift Savings Plan, Federal 
employee group life insurance, Federal employee health 
insurance programs, and Federal Insurance Contributions Act. 
The Senate is required by law to make these payments, and the 
total required is dependent upon the number of Senate 
employees, their compensation levels, the benefit programs in 
which they are enrolled, and the extent of the benefits 
elected.

            Office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $6,278,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       6,397,000
Committee recommendation................................       6,397,000

    For the Office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate, 
the Committee recommends an appropriation of $6,397,000. This 
amount provides for the salaries and expenses of the office. 
The increase provided allows the office to keep up with the 
increasing demand to help draft legislation of the quality and 
at the pace the Senate demands. The Committee recommendation 
provides the funding necessary for agency contributions for 
employees paid under this appropriation, under the heading, 
``Agency Contributions'' under the appropriation, ``Salaries, 
officers, and employees.''

                     Office of Senate Legal Counsel

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $1,176,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       1,197,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,197,000

    The Office of Senate Legal Counsel was established pursuant 
to section 701 of Public Law 95-521. The Committee recommends 
an appropriation of $1,197,000 for the Office of Senate Legal 
Counsel. The amount provided pays for the salaries and expenses 
of the office. The Committee recommendation provides the 
funding necessary for agency contributions for employees paid 
under this appropriation, under the heading, ``Agency 
Contributions'' under the appropriation ``Salaries, officers, 
and employees.''

Expense Allowances of the Secretary of the Senate, Sergeant at Arms and 
Doorkeeper of the Senate, and Secretaries for the Majority and Minority 
                             of the Senate

Appropriations, 2019....................................         $28,440
Budget estimate, 2020...................................          30,000
Committee recommendation................................          28,440

    Section 119 of Public Law 97-51 authorized an expense 
allowance for the Secretary of the Senate, the Sergeant at Arms 
and Doorkeeper of the Senate, the Secretary for the Majority, 
and the Secretary for the Minority. Since fiscal year 1983, the 
amount has been provided through a direct appropriation. The 
Committee recommends an appropriation of $28,440 providing an 
allowance of $7,110 for each office.

                   Contingent Expenses of the Senate


                      INQUIRIES AND INVESTIGATIONS

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $133,265,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     133,265,000
Committee recommendation................................     133,265,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $133,265,000 
for inquiries and investigations by Senate standing, special, 
and select committees, of which $26,650,000 shall be available 
until September 30, 2022. The recommendation is identical to 
the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and the fiscal year 2020 
request.
    This appropriation funds the liquidation of obligations 
incurred by committees under the authorization provided in 
Committee funding resolutions.

         U.S. SENATE CAUCUS ON INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL

Appropriations, 2019....................................        $508,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................         516,000
Committee recommendation................................         508,000

    The Committee recommends $508,000 for the expenses of the 
U.S. Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control. 
Established in 1985 by the Foreign Relations Authorization Act 
(Public Law 99-93), the Caucus was created to monitor and 
promote international compliance with narcotics control 
treaties and monitor and encourage U.S. Government and private 
programs seeking to expand international cooperation against 
drug abuse. The Caucus is composed of seven Senators, four from 
the majority party and three from the minority party, with a 
chairman from the majority party and a co-chairman from the 
minority party.

                        SECRETARY OF THE SENATE

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $10,036,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       9,536,000
Committee recommendation................................      14,536,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $14,536,000 
for expenses of the Office of the Secretary. The recommendation 
is $4,500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and 
$5,000,000 above the fiscal year 2020 request. Of the total 
provided, the Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$3,100,000 to remain available until expended, of which 
$2,500,000 is for the Financial Management Information System 
Modernization, and $11,436,000 to remain available until 
September 30, 2024, of which $6,436,000 is for the Senate 
Information Services program.
    The Committee provides these funds to the Secretary of the 
Senate without apportionment in the interest of facilitating 
financial management duties and restructuring that occurs from 
time to time. The Committee expects to be notified in writing 
in a timely manner of any cumulative changes in excess of 10 
percent to the funding levels between programs, projects, or 
activities.
    Typical expenditures of the Secretary of the Senate 
include:
    Consultants.--Funding is provided for not to exceed two 
individual consultants as authorized by section 110 of Public 
Law 95-94, August 5, 1977, which amends section 101 of Public 
Law 95-26, May 4, 1977. Consultants employed under this 
authority shall not be paid in excess of the per diem 
equivalent of the highest gross rate of annual compensation 
which may be paid to employees of a standing committee of the 
Senate.
    Legal Reference Volumes.--Funding is provided to furnish 
U.S. Senators with volumes of the U.S. Code Annotated or U.S. 
Code service, pocket parts and supplements, as authorized by 
Public Law 92-51, July 9, 1971.
    The Disbursing Office is responsible for providing the U.S. 
Code Annotated or the U.S. Code Service to Senators when they 
assume office and upon receipt of a written request of a 
Senator.
    Contractual Legal and Administrative Services and 
Miscellaneous Expenses.--Funding is provided for various 
contractual, administrative, and miscellaneous expenses 
incurred by the Office of the Secretary. In addition, the 
Office of the Secretary has incurred various types of legal and 
other expenses which have been authorized by the Senate. 
Funding is provided for contractual and other expenses 
necessary to update and publish the Senate's legislative 
precedents and procedure documentation. Administrative services 
and miscellaneous expenses are housekeeping expenses of the 
Office of the Secretary.
    Travel and Registration Fees.--Funding is provided for 
travel expenses and registration fees incurred by the Secretary 
of the Senate and the employees of the Office of the Secretary. 
This line item excludes funding for travel expenses for the 
Federal Election Campaign Act under the Office of Public 
Records, which is provided separately under the authority of 
Public Law 92-342.
    The authority for the travel portion of this account was 
provided for by section 101 of Public Law 94-59, July 25, 1975.
    Orientation and Training.--Funding is provided for expenses 
incurred by the Secretary of the Senate to conduct orientation 
seminars or similar meetings for Senators, Senate officials, or 
members of staffs of Senators or Senate officials, not to 
exceed $30,000 under the authority of 2 U.S.C. 6514.
    The Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the 
Senate is also authorized under these provisions to conduct 
seminars or similar meetings in the same manner and to the same 
extent as the Office of the Secretary of the Senate.
    Postage.--This account also provides funding for postage 
for the Office of the Secretary of the Senate for special 
delivery, registered mail, and additional postage not covered 
under the frank.
    Education of Senate Pages.--Funding is provided for the 
education of Senate pages. Senate Resolution 184, July 29, 
1983, authorized the Secretary of the Senate to provide such 
educational services and items in such manner as the Secretary 
may deem appropriate. Public Law 98-125, October 13, 1983, 
amended Public Law 98-51, July 14, 1983, striking out the 
heading and paragraph ``Education of Pages'' under the heading 
``Joint Items'', and redesignated the funds provided in Public 
Law 98-51.
    Stationery.--Funding is provided for stationery supplies 
for the Office of the Secretary of the Senate. The funds 
provided have been allocated to the various departments of the 
Office of the Secretary.
    Senate Commission on Art.--Funding is provided for the 
Senate Commission on Art, authorized by Public Law 100-696, 
November 18, 1988, as amended, and Public Law 108-83, September 
30, 2003, as amended to acquire accept, supervise, hold, place, 
protect, make known, conserve, restore, replicate, or replace 
any work of art, historical object, documents or material 
relating to historical matters, or exhibits for placement or 
exhibition within the Senate wing of the Capitol, any Senate 
office building, or in rooms, spaces, or corridors thereof, and 
to publish as a Senate document a list of all works of art, 
historical objects exhibits currently within the Senate wing of 
the Capitol and Senate office buildings.
    The Senate Commission on Art was formerly the Commission on 
Arts and Antiquities of the United States Senate, which was 
authorized by Senate Resolution 382, October 1, 1968, as 
amended by Senate Resolution 95, April 1, 1977, and Senate 
Resolution 400, March 23, 1988.
    Representation Expenses.--Funding is provided, not to 
exceed $50,000, to the Secretary of the Senate to coordinate 
and carry out responsibilities in connection with foreign 
parliamentary groups or other foreign officials visiting the 
United States. Authorized by section 2, chapter VIII of Public 
Law 100-71, November 21, 1989, as amended.
    Office of Conservation and Preservation.--Funding is 
provided for the Office of Conservation and Preservation to 
develop and coordinate programs directly related to the 
conservation and protection of Senate records and materials for 
which the Secretary of the Senate has statutory authority.
    The Secretary of the Senate has the statutory 
responsibility to collect and archive Senate records. The work 
of the Senate Archivist and the Senate Historical Office to 
conserve and protect the historic records of this institution 
on behalf of the Secretary provides a valuable benefit to the 
Senate community and the public. In addition to collecting and 
managing Senate records, the Historical Office provides 
valuable advice and resources to Senate Offices so that 
Committees' Senate records, as well as Senators' official 
congressional papers, which are not classified as ``Senate 
records'' and are not managed by the Secretary, will be ready 
for historical preservation at the time a Senator leaves 
office. Current Senate offices and Committees, as well as 
historians, authors, journalists, and the general public rely 
on collections of both Senate records and Senators' papers to 
study and share the history of the Senate and the Nation. 
Efforts to prepare the Senate and its members for archiving 
records spanning both pre-digital and digital storage will be 
furthered by partnering with outside experts on a focused 
experience-based effort to process, archive, preserve, and make 
available a single, finite, large collection which is at 
beginning of the senatorial archival process. After 
consultation with and approval by the Committee on 
Appropriations and the Committee on Rules and Administration, 
the Committee directs the Secretary to enter into an agreement 
with a public entity with demonstrated archival expertise and 
prior experience working with the Senate Archivist, to assist 
the Senate Historical Office and the Senate Archivist with the 
updating of best practices and guidance for the archiving of 
congressional papers in the digital age. To gain insight into 
significant challenges, emphasis should be placed on a 
collection that, due to special circumstances or lack of 
available guidance from the Senator, required rapid closing, 
transfer, and processing.
    Book Preservation.--Funding is provided for the Office of 
Conservation and Preservation to use outside sources for the 
preservation and protection of the Senate book collection, 
including historically valuable documents under the care of the 
Secretary of the Senate.
    Office of Public Records.--Funding is provided for expenses 
of the Office of Public Records. This office has evolved 
through various pieces of legislation and various 
responsibilities authorized by the Federal Election Campaign 
Act, as amended, the Ethics in Government Act, as amended, and 
the Lobbying Disclosure Act, as amended. The Office of Public 
Records is mentioned for the first time in Public Law 93-145, 
November 1, 1973, which authorizes the Secretary of the Senate 
to appoint and fix the compensation of a superintendent and 
other positions for the Office of Public Records. In addition, 
under the authority of Public Law 95-521, October 26, 1978 
(Ethics in Government Act) reports filed under section 101 
shall be available for public inspection and a copy of the 
report shall be provided to any person upon request. Any person 
requesting a copy of a report may be required to pay a 
reasonable fee to cover the cost of reproduction. Any moneys 
received by the Secretary shall be deposited into the Office of 
Public Records Revolving Fund under the authority of Public Law 
101-163, November 21, 1989. The office also performs functions 
such as registration of mass mailings.
    Disbursing Office.--Funding is provided for expenses 
incurred in the operation of the disbursing office. Typical 
expenses for this office include notary bonds, seals and 
supplies, necessary supplies in conjunction with the various 
machinery maintained in the office, which are not available in 
the stationery room.
    Office of Captioning Services.--Funding is provided for the 
closed captioning of the televised Senate floor proceedings for 
the hearing impaired. Closed captioning was first authorized 
under Public Law 101-163, November 21, 1989.
    Senate Chief Counsel for Employment.--Funding is provided 
for the Office of the Senate Chief Counsel for Employment. This 
office is a nonpartisan office formed in May 1993 at the 
direction of the joint leadership and is charged with providing 
legal advice and representation of Senate offices in all areas 
of employment law.

             SERGEANT AT ARMS AND DOORKEEPER OF THE SENATE

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $126,595,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     128,753,000
Committee recommendation................................     128,753,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $128,753,000 
for expenses of the Sergeant at Arms, to remain available until 
September 30, 2024, which is $2,158,000 above the fiscal year 
2019 appropriation and identical to the fiscal year 2020 
request.
    The following table compares the fiscal year 2020 Committee 
recommendation for the component categories within this account 
to the fiscal year 2020 budget request.

                             EXPENSES--OFFICE OF THE SERGEANT AT ARMS AND DOORKEEPER
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Fiscal year      Committee
                                                                   2020 request   recommendation    Difference
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Office of Security and Emergency Preparedness...................      $1,096,000      $1,096,000  ..............
Capitol Operations..............................................       3,582,000       3,582,000  ..............
Operations......................................................      27,444,000      27,444,000  ..............
Chief Information Officer.......................................      95,318,000      95,318,000  ..............
Executive and Other Offices.....................................       1,313,000       1,313,000  ..............
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Grand Total...............................................     128,753,000     128,753,000  ..............
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee provides these funds to the Sergeant at Arms 
without apportionment in the interest of facilitating financial 
management duties and restructuring that occurs from time to 
time. The Committee expects to be notified in writing in a 
timely manner of any cumulative changes in excess of 10 percent 
to the funding levels between programs, projects or activities.
    Unified Communications.--The Committee recommendation 
includes funding for the Sergeant at Arms to begin the process 
of updating the communications platform for the Senate. During 
the initial phase of requirements gathering, the Committee 
directs the SAA to consider the full range of technologies 
available to support constituent communications, including 
visual voicemail. The SAA is directed to provide semi-annual 
updates to the Committee on the design and development of the 
Unified Communications and Collaboration solution.
    Enhanced Constituent Communications Platforms.--The 
Committee recognizes the importance of new technologies that 
integrate telephone, mobile, and web communications to provide 
Senators with the ability to obtain real-time feedback from 
their constituents through live, interactive, multi-media 
platforms. Enhanced virtual communications hosting platforms 
enable Senators to regularly speak with their constituents and 
engage more effectively on the key public policy issues of the 
day. The recommendation includes funding to provide resources 
to offices to enable them to best utilize these types of 
technologies.
    Security Technology.--The threats to the safety and 
security of the Capitol campus are ever evolving, as are 
methods to mitigate the risk of those threats. The Committee is 
interested in understanding options where technology could help 
protect the campus. Therefore, the Sergeant at Arms, in 
consultation with the Capitol Police and Architect of the 
Capitol, is directed to submit a secure report or briefing to 
the Committee on the state of technology for security of the 
Capitol campus, including advancements in technology that could 
be applied for use in securing the Capitol campus.

                          MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $18,871,410
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      18,879,000
Committee recommendation................................      18,871,410

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $18,871,410 
for miscellaneous items to remain available until September 30, 
2022. Any deviation of more than 10 percent cumulatively from 
the stated levels for each item will require the customary 
prior approval of the Committee.
    The following table sets forth the apportionment of funds 
under this appropriation:

                       FISCAL YEAR 2020 BUDGET--MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS APPORTIONMENT SCHEDULE
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Fiscal year 2020      Committee
                           Item                                 request       recommendation       Difference
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Resolution and reorganization reserve....................        $3,000,000        $3,000,000  .................
Unallocated..............................................         6,000,000         6,000,000  .................
Reserve for contingencies (miscellaneous items)..........           800,000           800,000  .................
Reception of foreign dignitaries (S. Res. 247, dated                 30,000            30,000  .................
 February 7, 1962, as amended by S. Res. 370, dated
 October 10,  2000)......................................
Foreign travel--Members and employees (S. Res. 179, dated           125,000           125,000  .................
 May 25, 1977)...........................................
Federal employees compensation account (Public Law 96-            1,200,250         1,192,660           $(7,590)
 499, dated December 5, 1980) (Unemployment Compensation)
Conferences for the Majority and Minority (Public Laws:             300,000           300,000  .................
 97-51, dated January 3, 1983; 101-250, dated November 5,
 1990; and 107-68, dated November 12, 2001)..............
Policy Committees for the Majority and Minority (Public             150,000           150,000  .................
 Law 104-53, dated November 19, 1995)....................
Postage..................................................             6,000            10,000  .................
Stationery...............................................            16,500            16,500  .................
Communications...........................................            72,000            72,000  .................
Consultants--including agency contributions (2 U.S.C.             5,000,000         5,000,000  .................
 6501 as amended)........................................
National Security Working Group (S. Res. 480, November              700,000           700,000  .................
 21, 2004) (expires December 31, 2012)...................
Committee on Appropriations (Public Law 105-275, dated              950,000           950,000  .................
 October 21, 1998).......................................
Office of the Chaplain (Public Law 108-199, dated January            50,000            50,000  .................
 23, 2004)...............................................
Senate Child Care Center:
    Agency Contribution costs authorized by Public Laws             455,000           455,000  .................
     102-90, dated August 14, 1991 and 103-50, dated July
     2, 1993.............................................
    Training classes, conferences, and travel expenses as            24,250            24,250  .................
     authorized by Public Law 104-197, dated September
     16, 1996............................................
                                                          ------------------------------------------------------
        Total............................................        18,879,000        18,871,410            (7,590)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

\1\Postage Apportionment (Fiscal year 2020):
      President of the Senate..............................      $2,700
      Secretary for the Majority...........................       1,100
      Secretary for the Minority...........................       1,100
      Chaplain.............................................       1,100
                                                       ---------------

        TOTAL..............................................       6,000
\2\Stationery Apportionment (Fiscal year 2020):
      President of the Senate..............................      $8,000
      Conference of the Majority...........................         300
      Conference of the Minority...........................         300
      Chaplain.............................................         700
      Senate Chamber.......................................       7,200
                                                       ---------------

        TOTAL..............................................      16,500
\3\Communications Apportionment (Fiscal year 2020):
      Office of the Vice President.........................      $1,000
      Secretary for the Majority...........................      10,000
      Secretary for the Minority...........................      10,000
      Office of the Chaplain...............................       1,000
      Majority Leader......................................      15,000
      Minority Leader......................................      15,000
      Majority Whip........................................      10,000
      Minority Whip........................................      10,000
                                                       ---------------

        TOTAL..............................................      72,000

    Senate Employees' Child Care Center.--The Committee 
recognizes the importance of access to high quality, affordable 
child care for recruitment and retention of U.S. Senate 
employees and supports the ability of the Senate Employees' 
Child Care Center [SECCC] to employ high caliber faculty, 
maintain its commitment to early childhood education, and 
continue to serve the growing number of Senate employees who 
require child care for their infant to pre-school children.
    Under current law, Congress may only provide funding for 
employee benefits and travel expenses for employee training 
activities for the SECCC, which are provided for and fully 
funded in this act. However, funds for employees' salaries and 
operational expenses are paid by the Center's operating budget 
and cannot be supplemented with appropriated funds.
    In the fiscal year 2019 Legislative Branch bill, the 
Committee directed the Government Accountability Office [GAO] 
to review the operations and structure of the SECCC, and to 
examine what impediments might exist to incorporate the SECCC 
into the Senate. As GAO works to complete its evaluation, the 
Committee will remain engaged with stakeholders and interested 
Members.
    Resolution and Reorganization Reserve.--This line item is 
used to cover the costs of Senate resolutions and public laws 
that authorize expenditures from the contingent fund of the 
Senate that do not have specific appropriations for such 
purpose.
    Reserve for Contingencies.--This line item includes payment 
for gratuities for family members of deceased Senate employees; 
damage to automobiles in the Senate parking lots; contractual, 
legal, and administrative services; and miscellaneous expenses, 
and is controlled by the Committee on Rules and Administration.
    Employees' Compensation Fund Reimbursements (Worker's 
Compensation).--Reimbursements made to the U.S. Department of 
Labor for total benefits and other payments made on behalf of 
Senate employees from the employees' compensation fund. 
Payments are authorized to be made from expired balances, a 
practice that is consistent with the other agencies of the 
legislative branch.
    Reception of Foreign Dignitaries.--The Committee on Foreign 
Relations is authorized to expend not to exceed $30,000 each 
fiscal year to receive foreign dignitaries under the authority 
of Senate Resolution 247, agreed to February 7, 1962, as 
amended.
    Foreign Travel: Members and Employees.--Senate Resolution 
179, agreed to May 25, 1977, authorized payment from the 
contingent fund of the Senate, of the domestic portion of 
transportation costs and travel expenses incurred by Members 
and employees of the Senate when engaged in authorized foreign 
travel.
    Federal Employees' Compensation Account (Unemployment 
Compensation).--This line item provides for expenses incurred 
for the Senate to reimburse the Federal employees' compensation 
account, pursuant to Public Law 96-499, approved December 5, 
1980, for unemployment compensation payments made to Senate 
employees.
    Conferences for the Majority and Minority.--The amount 
recommended provides for the expenses of the majority and 
minority conference committees.
    Policy Committees for the Majority and Minority.--The 
amount recommended provides for the expenses of the majority 
and minority policy committees.
    Postage.--Provides for postage allowances for the President 
of the Senate, Secretary of the Majority, Secretary of the 
Minority, and Senate Chaplain.
    Stationery.--Provides funds for stationery and office 
supplies for the President of the Senate, conference committees 
of the Senate, Office of the Chaplain, and the Senate Chamber.
    Communications.--Provides funds for cellular telephone and 
mobile data devices and services for the Office of the Vice 
President, Secretary for the Majority, Secretary for the 
Minority, Office of the Chaplain, Majority Leader, Minority 
Leader, Majority Whip, and Minority Whip.
    Consultants: Including Agency Contributions.--Provides 
authority for the appointment and payment of consultants to the 
majority and minority leaders, President pro tempore, President 
pro tempore emeritus, and the legislative counsel. The 
following summarizes the current authority and limitations:
    Majority Leader.--Nine consultants at not to exceed the 
daily rate for maximum standing committee rate. All of the 
consultants may be appointed at an annual rate of compensation 
not to exceed the maximum annual rate for a standing committee.
    Minority Leader.--Nine consultants at not to exceed the 
daily rate for maximum standing committee rate. All of the 
consultants may be appointed at an annual rate of compensation 
not to exceed the maximum annual rate for a standing committee.
    Legislative Counsel (Subject to President Pro Tempore 
Approval).--Two consultants at not to exceed the daily rate for 
maximum standing committee rate. All of the consultants may be 
appointed at an annual rate of compensation not to exceed the 
maximum annual rate for a standing committee.
    President Pro Tempore.--Three consultants at not to exceed 
the daily rate for maximum standing committee rate. The 
consultants may be appointed at an annual rate of compensation 
not to exceed the maximum annual rate for a standing committee.
    President Pro Tempore Emeritus.--One consultant at not to 
exceed the daily rate for maximum standing committee rate. The 
consultant may be appointed at an annual rate of compensation 
not to exceed the maximum annual rate for a standing committee.
    Senate National Security Working Group.--Provides funding 
for the Senate National Security Working Group, under the 
authority of Senate Resolution 75, agreed to March 25, 1999. 
The Senate National Security Working Group was formerly the 
Senate Arms Control Observer Group.
    Committee on Appropriations.--Pursuant to Public Law 105-
275 provides funding for administrative expenses for the 
Committee on Appropriations.
    Senate Employees' Child Care Center: Agency 
Contributions.--Provides for the payment of agency contribution 
costs as authorized by Public Law 102-90, approved August 14, 
1991, and Public Law 103-50, approved July 2, 1993, for 
employees of the Senate Employees' Child Care Center. The 
Senate Employees' Child Care Center is intended primarily for 
the children of Members and employees of the Senate.
    Senate Employees' Child Care Center: Training Classes and 
Conference Costs.--Provides for the reimbursement of any 
individual employed by the Senate Employees' Child Care Center 
for the cost of training classes and conferences in connection 
with the provision of child care services and for travel, 
transportation, and subsistence expenses incurred in connection 
with the training classes and conferences, as authorized by 
Public Law 104-197, approved September 16, 1996.
    Student Loan Repayment Program.--$6,000,000 is provided for 
this program for fiscal year 2020 for the repayment of student 
loans, for eligible employees at the discretion of the 
employing office, to enhance recruitment and retention of 
Senate staff.

        SENATORS' OFFICIAL PERSONNEL AND OFFICE EXPENSE ACCOUNT

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $429,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     531,054,152
Committee recommendation................................     449,000,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation for fiscal year 
2020 of $449,000,000 for the Senators' Official Personnel and 
Office Expense Account [SOPOEA]. The recommendation is an 
increase of $20,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation and $82,054,152 below the fiscal year 2020 
request. Of the funding provided, $20,128,950 is available 
until September 30, 2022.
    This account funds salaries and benefits of Senators' 
staffs as well as the office expense allowance for Senators' 
offices. The SOPOEA is comprised of three components. Two of 
these are for salaries of personnel in Senators' offices.
    The allowance for administrative and clerical assistance is 
based on the population of States, beginning with States with a 
population of fewer than 5 million people to States with a 
population of 28 million or more. The table illustrates the 
allowances per population category and the States which fall 
into those categories. The estimate for fiscal year 2020 totals 
$302,910,864.
    The second component of the salaries allowance is for 
legislative assistance to Senators, as authorized by Public Law 
95-94. This allowance provides funding for three positions in 
each Senator's office for a total of $508,377 per office, or 
$50,837,700 for all 100 Senators.
    The third component of the SOPOEA account is for official 
office expenses and totals $20,128,950. Each Senator's office 
is allocated an amount for office expenses, as displayed in the 
following table.
    It should be noted that the amounts provided for the 
various components of the SOPOEA are interchangeable. Amounts 
provided for salaries may be used for expenses, and vice versa, 
subject to regulations set by the Committee on Rules and 
Administration with respect to official mail. It should also be 
noted that the figures in the following table are preliminary, 
and that official notification of member budgets is issued by 
the Financial Clerk of the Senate after enactment of this bill.
    The following table illustrates the several components of 
the SOPOEA.

     COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION FOR SENATORS' OFFICIAL PERSONNEL AND OFFICE EXPENSE ALLOWANCE FISCAL YEAR 2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Administrative
                                                   and clerical     Legislative      O.O.E.A.          Total
                      State                         assistance      assistance    allowance  1/1/ allowance  1/1/
                                                  allowance  1/1/ allowance  1/1/      2020            2020
                                                       2020            2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama.........................................      $2,798,783        $508,377        $184,041      $3,491,201
Alaska..........................................       2,798,783         508,377         252,700       3,559,860
Arizona.........................................       3,045,710         508,377         204,432       3,758,519
Arkansas........................................       2,798,783         508,377         169,173       3,476,333
California......................................       4,448,075         508,377         464,748       5,421,200
Colorado........................................       2,881,090         508,377         195,542       3,585,009
Connecticut.....................................       2,798,783         508,377         161,229       3,468,389
Delaware........................................       2,798,783         508,377         129,375       3,436,535
Florida.........................................       4,079,454         508,377         315,527       4,903,358
Georgia.........................................       3,292,645         508,377         222,264       4,023,286
Hawaii..........................................       2,798,783         508,377         279,883       3,587,043
Idaho...........................................       2,798,783         508,377         166,656       3,473,816
Illinois........................................       3,457,263         508,377         264,451       4,230,091
Indiana.........................................       2,963,402         508,377         194,722       3,666,501
Iowa............................................       2,798,783         508,377         171,485       3,478,645
Kansas..........................................       2,798,783         508,377         167,979       3,475,139
Kentucky........................................       2,798,783         508,377         177,687       3,484,847
Louisiana.......................................       2,798,783         508,377         184,005       3,491,165
Maine...........................................       2,798,783         508,377         148,327       3,455,487
Maryland........................................       2,963,402         508,377         173,736       3,645,515
Massachusetts...................................       2,963,402         508,377         196,906       3,668,685
Michigan........................................       3,292,645         508,377         233,155       4,034,177
Minnesota.......................................       2,881,090         508,377         191,456       3,580,923
Mississippi.....................................       2,798,783         508,377         167,309       3,474,469
Missouri........................................       2,963,402         508,377         197,522       3,669,301
Montana.........................................       2,798,783         508,377         162,585       3,469,745
Nebraska........................................       2,798,783         508,377         161,822       3,468,982
Nevada..........................................       2,798,783         508,377         177,481       3,484,641
New Hampshire...................................       2,798,783         508,377         143,804       3,450,964
New Jersey......................................       3,210,329         508,377         205,931       3,924,637
New Mexico......................................       2,798,783         508,377         166,152       3,473,312
New York........................................       3,974,130         508,377         304,731       4,787,238
North Carolina..................................       3,292,645         508,377         224,116       4,025,138
North Dakota....................................       2,798,783         508,377         151,060       3,458,220
Ohio............................................       3,374,955         508,377         255,580       4,138,912
Oklahoma........................................       2,798,783         508,377         180,310       3,487,470
Oregon..........................................       2,798,783         508,377         191,640       3,498,800
Pennsylvania....................................       3,457,263         508,377         261,050       4,226,690
Rhode Island....................................       2,798,783         508,377         138,950       3,446,110
South Carolina..................................       2,881,090         508,377         176,750       3,566,217
South Dakota....................................       2,798,783         508,377         152,826       3,459,986
Tennessee.......................................       2,963,402         508,377         196,538       3,668,317
Texas...........................................       4,448,075         508,377         375,342       5,331,794
Utah............................................       2,798,783         508,377         173,361       3,480,521
Vermont.........................................       2,798,783         508,377         136,875       3,444,035
Virginia........................................       3,128,022         508,377         199,556       3,835,955
Washington......................................       3,045,710         508,377         219,826       3,773,913
West Virginia...................................       2,798,783         508,377         145,898       3,453,058
Wisconsin.......................................       2,881,090         508,377         194,550       3,584,017
Wyoming.........................................       2,798,783         508,377         153,431       3,460,591
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      TOTAL.....................................     151,455,432      25,418,850      10,064,475     186,938,757
                                                 ===============================================================
                                                              x2              x2              x2              x2
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
Grand Total.....................................     302,910,864      50,837,700      20,128,950     373,877,514
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    According to the most recent employment data compiled by 
the Secretary of the Senate, as of July 31, 2019, there were 
4,122 individuals employed in Senators' offices throughout the 
United States and covered by this appropriation.
    In addition to providing funds for compensation of 
employees within Senators' offices, this appropriation also 
provides for agency contributions for those employees; that is, 
the Senate's share, as an employer, of the various employee 
benefit programs for which Senate employees are eligible. These 
payments are mandatory, and fluctuate according to the programs 
in which employees are enrolled, the level of compensation, and 
the degree of participation. Budget requests for this account 
prepared by the Financial Clerk must be based on both 
experience and evaluation of trends. The fiscal year 2020 
funding level for this account anticipates $125,800,000 in 
agency contribution costs.
    The amount recommended by the Committee for the SOPOEA is 
less than would be required to cover all obligations that could 
be incurred under the authorized allowances for all Senators. 
The Committee is able to recommend an appropriation of a lesser 
amount than potentially necessary because Senators typically do 
not obligate funds up to the absolute ceiling of their 
respective allowances.
    Veterans Hiring.--The Committee continues to encourage 
Members of Congress and their offices to look favorably on 
congressional job applicants with previous United States 
military service. Through their service, many veterans gain 
valuable leadership skills, perseverance, and perspective that 
can enhance the legislative process. The Committee encourages 
Members to incorporate these veterans' unique skills by 
increasing the number of veterans hired in their congressional 
offices. The Committee also encourages Congress to evaluate the 
potential for a congressional veterans fellowship program.
    Senate Intern Compensation.--The Committee continues to 
believe that Senate internships should be available to the 
broadest possible pool of candidates who have the ability and 
interest to serve. Unfortunately, unpaid internships exclude 
those who cannot independently afford to work without pay, 
hindering students' future career opportunities and making it 
more difficult for Senators to attract and hire the most 
qualified interns, regardless of socioeconomic status. 
Providing interns financial compensation provides an avenue for 
more students to have the opportunity to serve their country 
and gain experience toward a career in public service. To date, 
96 percent of Senators' offices have used funds provided in 
fiscal year 2019 to compensate interns.
    In addition to funding allocated in the table above for 
Senators' office allowances and for agency contribution costs, 
the bill includes $6,000,000 for the sole purpose of providing 
financial compensation to interns. Any intern compensation 
funding that remains unspent by any office will be returned to 
the Treasury in accordance with section 101 of the bill. Such 
funding is directed to be allocated among Senators' offices in 
relative proportion to funds allocated for each office's 
administrative and clerical assistance allowance for fiscal 
year 2020 shown in the table above, which reflect natural 
variables including State populations, with a small additional 
amount for non-contiguous states. On average, each office will 
be allocated an estimated $60,000 for intern compensation.
    With the establishment of the Senate Intern Compensation 
fund, tremendous progress has been made toward making 
internships more open and accessible to all students. However, 
there remains a lack of diversity amongst the counsels and 
senior legislative assistants in the Senate. Two factors that 
may be at play are the lack of internships and fellowships 
provided to graduates from minority serving institutions and 
law schools, and the lack of the salary offered to recent law 
school graduates. Another important step toward broadening the 
pool of candidates for senior positions is providing the 
opportunity to learn how the Senate works at the top levels. 
The additional $1,000,000 provided in fiscal year 2020 may 
assist Senate offices in their efforts to diversify their law 
school student and graduate pools so that current law school 
students and recent graduates of minority servicing 
institutions may gain valuable work experience in the United 
States Senate.

     Estimated Senators' Office Allocations for Intern Compensation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          State                               Intern
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama.................................................         $55,300
Alaska..................................................          59,600
Arizona.................................................          60,100
Arkansas................................................          55,300
California..............................................          87,800
Colorado................................................          56,900
Connecticut.............................................          55,300
Delaware................................................          55,300
Florida.................................................          80,500
Georgia.................................................          65,000
Hawaii..................................................          59,600
Idaho...................................................          55,300
Illinois................................................          68,300
Indiana.................................................          58,500
Iowa....................................................          55,300
Kansas..................................................          55,300
Kentucky................................................          55,300
Louisiana...............................................          55,300
Maine...................................................          55,300
Maryland................................................          58,500
Massachusetts...........................................          58,500
Michigan................................................          65,000
Minnesota...............................................          56,900
Mississippi.............................................          55,300
Missouri................................................          58,500
Montana.................................................          55,300
Nebraska................................................          55,300
Nevada..................................................          55,300
New Hampshire...........................................          55,300
New Jersey..............................................          63,400
New Mexico..............................................          55,300
New York................................................          78,500
North Carolina..........................................          65,000
North Dakota............................................          55,300
Ohio....................................................          66,600
Oklahoma................................................          55,300
Oregon..................................................          55,300
Pennsylvania............................................          68,300
Rhode Island............................................          55,300
South Carolina..........................................          56,900
South Dakota............................................          55,300
Tennessee...............................................          58,500
Texas...................................................          87,800
Utah....................................................          55,300
Vermont.................................................          55,300
Virginia................................................          61,800
Washington..............................................          60,100
West Virginia...........................................          55,300
Wisconsin...............................................          56,900
Wyoming.................................................          55,300
                                                         ---------------
      Total.............................................       3,000,000
                                                         ===============
                                                                      x2
                                                         ---------------
Grand Total.............................................       6,000,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          OFFICIAL MAIL COSTS

Appropriations, 2019....................................        $300,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................         300,000
Committee recommendation................................         300,000

    For the official mail costs of the Senate, the Committee 
recommends an appropriation of $300,000 which is equal to the 
fiscal year 2019 appropriation and the fiscal year 2020 
request.

                       Administrative Provisions

    Sec. 101. This provision requires that amounts remaining in 
the Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account be 
used for deficit reduction or to reduce the Federal debt.
    Sec. 102. This provision relates to the cost of living 
adjustments for Members of Congress.

                              JOINT ITEMS


                        Joint Economic Committee

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $4,203,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       4,203,000
Committee recommendation................................       4,203,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $4,203,000 for 
the Joint Economic Committee [JEC]. The recommendation is equal 
to the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and the fiscal year 2020 
request. The Joint Economic Committee was created by the 
Employment Act of 1946. The primary tasks of the JEC are to 
review economic conditions and to recommend improvements in 
economic policy. The JEC performs research and economic 
analysis, and monitors and analyzes current economic, 
financial, and employment conditions.

              Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural 
                           Ceremonies of 2021

Appropriations, 2019....................................................
Budget estimate, 2020...................................................
Committee recommendation................................      $1,500,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $1,500,000 for 
salaries and expenses of the Joint Congressional Committee on 
Inaugural Ceremonies of 2021. This appropriation is provided 
every four years to provide for the expenses associated with 
the planning of the Presidential Inaugural Ceremonies. The 
recommendation is $250,000 above the fiscal year 2016 
appropriation.

                      Joint Committee on Taxation

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $11,169,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      11,563,000
Committee recommendation................................      11,563,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $11,563,000 
for salaries and expenses of the Joint Committee on Taxation. 
The recommendation is $394,000 more than the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation and equal to the fiscal year 2020 request.
    The Joint Committee is established under the Internal 
Revenue Code of 1986 to:
  --investigate the operation and effects of internal revenue 
        taxes and the administration of such taxes;
  --investigate measures and methods for the simplification of 
        such taxes;
  --make reports to the House Committee on Ways and Means and 
        the Senate Committee on Finance (or to the House and 
        the Senate) on the results of such investigations and 
        studies and to make recommendations; and
  --review any proposed refund or credit of income or estate 
        and gift taxes or certain other taxes set forth in Code 
        section 6405 in excess of $2,000,000. In addition to 
        these functions that are specified in the Internal 
        Revenue Code, the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 
        requires the Joint Committee to provide revenue 
        estimates for all tax legislation considered by either 
        the House of Representatives or the Senate.

                   Office of the Attending Physician

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $3,798,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       3,868,000
Committee recommendation................................       3,868,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $3,868,000 for 
the Office of the Attending Physician. The recommendation is 
$70,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and equal to 
the fiscal year 2020 request. The Office was first established 
by House Resolution 253, adopted December 5, 1928.

             Office of Congressional Accessibility Services

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $1,486,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       1,509,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,509,000

    The Committee recommends $1,509,000 for the Office of 
Congressional Accessibility Services [OCAS]. This office is a 
successor to the Special Services Office following enactment of 
the Capitol Visitor Center Act of 2008.
    The OCAS provides and coordinates accessibility services 
for individuals with disabilities, including Members of 
Congress, staff, and visitors to the U.S. Capitol complex. 
These services include sign language interpreting, adaptive 
tours, and wheelchair loans. OCAS also provides information 
regarding accessibility for individuals with disabilities, as 
well as related training and staff development to Members of 
Congress and employees of the Senate and House of 
Representatives.

                             CAPITOL POLICE

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $456,308,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     463,341,000
Committee recommendation................................     464,341,000

    The United States Capitol Police [USCP] is charged with the 
protection of the United States Congress, its legislative 
processes, Members, employees, visitors and facilities within 
the U.S. Capitol complex from crime, disruption or terrorism, 
so that the Congress may fulfill its constitutional 
responsibilities in a safe and open environment.
    The Committee recommends $464,341,000 for the USCP. The 
recommendation is $8,033,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation and is $1,000,000 above the fiscal year 2020 
request. The recommended funding fully supports the final year 
of a 5-year plan to expand the number of USCP officers by an 
estimated 20 percent.
    The Committee recommendation fully funds the USCP request 
of $3,186,000 for Overtime in Salaries and Expenses, and 
$3,775,000 in General Expenses to cover the costs associated 
with the 2020 National Presidential Conventions and costs 
needed in fiscal year 2020 to prepare for the 2021 Presidential 
Inauguration.
    Risk-Based Protections for Members of Congress.--As 
highlighted by the 2017 shooting in Alexandria, Virginia, 
evolving threats to Congress include the physical targeting of 
Members of Congress. In fiscal year 2019, the Capitol Police 
opened more than 4,440 threat assessment cases. Further, the 
Department conducted more than 1,050 law enforcement 
coordinations, which is 418 cases, or an increase of 65 
percent, above the number of coordinations conducted in 2018. 
In addition to securing the Capitol campus, the Committee finds 
that ensuring the continuity of government must include 
protecting the physical security of Members. The bill provides 
$2,000,000 for the Department to enhance Member security 
outside of the Capitol campus in the National Capital Region 
[NCR], as warranted by risk-based analyses. This doubles the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2019, as the initiative has 
proven popular with Members; of note, as of August 2019, 96 
percent of the $1,000,000 provided in fiscal year 2019 was 
expended. These funds may be used to reimburse local law 
enforcement and/or support additional dignitary protection 
teams to be assigned on a flexible and dynamic basis. The 
increase will provide for additional patrol officers to travel 
to and be present at off-campus events; all the resulting 
support, including additional vehicles, specialized weapons, 
and relevant training; and to cover the increased need for the 
sworn officers and intel analysts who conduct the risk 
assessments, communicate with Member Offices, and conduct 
liaison activities with private and public sector partners.
    The Committee expects the USCP to continue working closely 
with the Sergeant at Arms and local law enforcement partners in 
the NCR, as well as educating Member Offices on the USCP 
strategy for Members' protection within the NCR while outside 
the U.S. Capitol Grounds, as laid out in the December 2018 
report detailing the Department's plans to enhance off-campus 
Member security in the NCR. As the USCP and SAA better engage 
with individual offices, the Committee believes that more 
Members will participate in the schedule notification process.
    USCP Wellness Program.--The Committee supports the 
Department's efforts to date to develop an overall Wellness 
Program for the officers and civilian personnel of the U.S. 
Capitol Police. It is important to the Committee to ensure the 
Capitol Police workforce has the needed support in order to 
perform its critical national security mission of defending the 
legislative process. As a part of this law enforcement 
function, it is important for the Department to continue its 
effort to maintain the highest level of readiness.
    Therefore, the Committee encourages the Department to begin 
implementation of a holistic Wellness Program for its workforce 
that emphasizes the importance of physical fitness, nutritional 
health, mental and emotional health, and financial wellness. 
With this emphasis on improving and maintaining both physical 
fitness and mental health, the Department will be able to 
provide the support to its workforce to enable them to maintain 
full focus and attention to the Department's critical mission.
    Within 45 days of enactment of this act, the Department is 
directed to submit a report to the Committee providing the 
scope, timeline and the cost estimates for implementation and 
maintenance of such a program. This report should include 
specific details on how the Department plans to utilize its 
current resources, such as fitness centers and contracted 
fitness training support in this effort, and how it would 
expand these capabilities to provide the greatest opportunity 
for its workforce to improve and maintain their physical 
fitness and nutritional health. The Department should also 
include details of the other focus areas for its Wellness 
Program, including but not limited to, mental, emotional, and 
financial health. This Program should be designed to achieve 
the highest level of participation of the USCP's workforce. The 
Committee looks forward to working closely with the Department 
to achieve this effort.
    Dockless Commercial Scooters on U.S. Capitol Grounds.--
Dockless commercial scooters, or e-scooters, and other 
motorized devices for rent have grown as a commuting option for 
congressional staffers, tourists, and other visitors to the 
District of Columbia and the Capitol Grounds. The Committee 
recognizes that new and expanding micromobility options in DC 
can offer alternatives to car travel and increase access to 
public transportation; however, the Committee also believes 
that this is a public safety concern impacting vehicular and 
pedestrian traffic on the Capitol Grounds. The serious safety 
and security concerns raised by the U.S. Capitol Police and 
other members of the Congressional community regarding the 
increasing number of e-scooters routinely and randomly left 
unattended on sidewalks, roadways, and high-pedestrian access 
areas throughout the Capitol Grounds must be addressed. This 
spring, the USCP sent letters to 10 e-scooter companies 
approved or conditionally approved by the District Department 
of Transportation for dockless scooter operations in the 
District of Columbia, informing them of the Traffic Regulations 
for the U.S. Capitol Grounds [CTR], which prohibit the use of 
scooters or any similar device on Capitol Grounds (CTR 
Sec. 16.2.60), among other prohibitions, and asked that the 
companies take immediate action to ensure their compliance with 
the CTR. Since that time, the Committee notes less e-scooters 
cluttering the Grounds due to efforts by the USCP and e-scooter 
companies to remove abandoned devices. The Committee expects 
the Capitol Police to continue to expand its outreach efforts 
to e-scooter companies and the District, and work to better 
educate users, including Congressional staff, city residents, 
and visitors, on the restrictions for using and/or parking e-
scooters on Capitol Grounds.

                                Salaries

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $374,804,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     378,062,000
Committee recommendation................................     379,062,000

    The amount provided covers salaries, benefits, and overtime 
costs. USCP personnel are also eligible for hazardous duty pay 
and comparability pay similar to locality pay adjustments 
granted other Federal law enforcement personnel in the 
Washington, DC, area.
    The Committee recommends $379,062,000 for USCP salaries, 
which is $4,258,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation 
and $1,000,000 above the fiscal year 2020 request. The 
Committee recommendation provides funding for an additional 57 
sworn officers and an additional civilian position in the 
Office of Inspector General.
    USCP Office of Inspector General.--The Committee includes 
funds to support not less than six FTE within the USCP Office 
of Inspector General [OIG]. The Committee notes that additional 
oversight of the USCP is conducted by the Government 
Accountability Office to supplement the work of the USCP OIG, 
as needed.
    Overtime.--The Committee recommends no more than 
$47,048,000 for overtime in fiscal year 2020. This provides for 
approximately 717,791 hours of additional duty including for 
coverage of the 2020 National Conventions and pre-inauguration.
    The Committee notes that overtime pay is a standard 
practice law enforcement entities utilize to respond to 
unscheduled and unanticipated events. However, the Committee 
finds that keeping overtime pay at a minimum should continue to 
be a goal of the USCP. The Committee appreciates the efforts of 
the USCP to better track and manage overtime pay in order to 
keep overtime costs to a minimum. The Committee directs the 
USCP to continue to keep the Committee apprised of these 
efforts.
    The Committee directs the USCP to provide for overtime in 
accordance with the budget request, as provided for in the 
following table.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Hours
                                              Funding        estimated
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Scheduled, (including training).........     $41,220,000         629,082
Unscheduled.............................       2,626,000          40,000
LOC--non-reimbursable events............         243,000           3,709
2020 National Conventions/Pre-                 2,959,000          45,000
 inauguration...........................
                                         -------------------------------
      Total.............................      47,048,000         717,791
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The recommendation does not include funds for USCP overtime 
for requirements associated with major construction projects 
undertaken by the Architect of the Capitol [AOC] as those funds 
are provided to the AOC as part of the overall project costs 
for those major projects and are paid to the USCP on a 
reimbursable basis. The Committee expects the USCP to operate 
within the designated funding level for requirements associated 
with each project. The Committee directs the USCP to provide 
for any additional requirement costs beyond that allocation.

                            General Expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $81,504,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      85,279,000
Committee recommendation................................      85,279,000

    Expenses include office supplies and equipment, 
communications, motor vehicles, uniforms and equipment, 
investigations, training, and miscellaneous items.
    The Committee recommends $85,279,000 for general expenses, 
which is $3,775,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation 
and identical to the fiscal year 2020 request.
    Training to ``Stop the Bleed''.--Similar to CPR training, 
which is an important life-saving skill, basic bleeding control 
techniques are critical to saving lives. Developed by the 
American College of Surgeons [ACS] after the tragedy at Sandy 
Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, ``Stop the 
Bleed'' training works to enhance survivability from mass 
shootings as well as other casualty events such as car 
accidents and home accidents. ``Stop the Bleed'' training 
empowers first responders, as well as non-professional 
individuals, with basic skills and techniques to immediately 
control external bleeding until medical help arrives. The ACS 
provides both direct training and ``train the trainer'' courses 
with the educational component of ``Stop the Bleed'' offered 
free of charge and courses are run at cost. The Committee 
continues to support the expansion of ``Stop the Bleed'' 
training on the Capitol campus, as well as in schools, 
workplaces, and other organizations, in order to improve 
survival rates of mass shootings and other events causing life-
threatening external bleeding.
    The Committee appreciates that the UCSP has begun providing 
bleeding control training to officers and personnel. As of 
August 2019, the Capitol Police has trained more than 1,400 
personnel in Tactical Combat Casualty Care. The Committee 
directs the USCP to continue such efforts, utilizing the ``Stop 
the Bleed'' methodology, to ensure that all officers can 
respond to and administer basic bleeding control techniques to 
individuals with trauma. The Committee directs the USCP to 
provide periodic updates to the Committee detailing such 
training plans for new recruits and current officers.

                OFFICE OF CONGRESSIONAL WORKPLACE RIGHTS


                         Salaries and Expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $6,332,670
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       6,332,670
Committee recommendation................................       6,333,000

    The Congressional Accountability Act [CAA] (Public Law 104-
1) established an independent Office of Congressional Workplace 
Rights [OCWR], formerly the Office of Compliance, to apply the 
rights and protections of the following labor and employment 
statutes to covered employees within the Legislative Branch: 
the Fair Labor Standards Act, Title VII of the Civil Rights 
Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Age 
Discrimination in Employment Act, the Family and Medical Leave 
Act, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the Federal 
Service Labor Management Relations Act, the Employee Polygraph 
Protection Act, the Worker Adjustment and Retraining 
Notification Act, the Rehabilitation Act, and the Uniformed 
Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act. This Act was 
amended in 1998 to apply the Veterans Employment Opportunities 
Act and in 2008 to apply the Genetic Information and 
Nondiscrimination Act. On December 21, 2018, the Congressional 
Accountability Act of 1995 Reform Act (Public Law 115-397) was 
signed into law expanding the Office's duties and 
responsibilities, as well as the number of employees covered by 
the CAA and the CAA Reform Act [CAARA].
    The Office of Congressional Workplace Rights administers 
and ensures the integrity of the neutral dispute resolution 
process concerning claims that arise under the CAA and CAARA. 
The Office also carries out an education and training program 
for congressional Members, employing offices and congressional 
employees to assist them in understanding their rights and 
responsibilities under the CAA and CAARA.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $6,333,000 for 
the salaries and expenses of the OCWR, which is $330 above the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $330 above the fiscal year 
2020 request.

                      CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE


                         Salaries and Expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $50,737,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      53,556,000
Committee recommendation................................      54,941,000

    The Congressional Budget Office [CBO] is responsible for 
providing to the Congress objective, nonpartisan, and timely 
analyses to aid in economic and budgetary decisions on the wide 
array of programs covered by the Federal budget, and the 
information and estimates required for the congressional budget 
process.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $54,941,000 
for the CBO. The recommendation is $4,204,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 appropriation and $1,385,000 above the fiscal year 
2020 request.
    Promoting Transparency.--The Congressional Budget Office 
provides Congress with budgetary and economic analysis that is 
important to the legislative process and can have significant 
policy implications. The Committee supports CBO's current and 
planned efforts of improving and promoting transparency of the 
agency's modeling and cost estimate process. CBO should 
continue with efforts on transparency that respect the 
interests of Congress and maintain the agency's professional 
independence. To that end, the Committee provides full funding 
to support CBO's request to fully fund 14 staff (8 FTE) hired 
throughout fiscal year 2019 and to hire an estimated 6 new 
employees (1 FTE) for transparency and responsiveness efforts 
for fiscal year 2020. Further, the Committee directs CBO to 
provide the Committee with an updated report within 90 days of 
enactment of this act detailing the agency's ongoing and future 
efforts to implement the multi-year plan to increase its 
capacity to make CBO's work as transparent and responsive as 
possible. This should also review the agency's transparency 
efforts during 2019.

                        ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL

    The Office of the Architect of the Capitol [AOC] is 
responsible to the United States Congress for the maintenance, 
operation, development, and preservation of 16.5 million square 
feet of buildings and more than 450 acres of land throughout 
the Capitol complex. This includes the Capitol, the Capitol 
Visitor Center, the House and Senate office buildings, the 
Library of Congress buildings, the U.S. Botanic Garden, the 
Capitol Power Plant, and other facilities. The AOC also 
provides professional expertise with regard to the preservation 
of architectural and artistic elements entrusted to its care, 
and provides recommendations concerning design, construction, 
and maintenance of the facilities and grounds.
    The Committee has recommended a funding level of 
$585,782,000 for activities of the Architect of the Capitol, 
excluding the House Office Buildings account. The 
recommendation is $49,135,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation and $71,211,000 below the fiscal year 2020 
request.
    The following table compares the Committee recommendation 
for the AOC accounts to the fiscal year 2020 request, excluding 
the House Office Buildings account.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Fiscal year 2020      Committee
                           Item                                 request       recommendation       Difference
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Capital Construction and Operations......................      $128,915,000      $126,554,000       $(2,361,000)
Capitol Building.........................................        68,878,000        63,378,000        (5,500,000)
Capitol Grounds..........................................        22,824,000        22,824,000  .................
Senate Office Buildings..................................        87,424,000        88,424,000         1,000,000
Capitol Power Plant......................................       142,225,000       130,225,000       (12,000,000)
Library Buildings and Grounds............................       121,346,000        63,646,000       (57,700,000)
Capitol Police Buildings, Grounds, and Security..........        54,966,000        50,316,000        (4,650,000)
Botanic Garden...........................................        16,094,000        16,094,000  .................
Capitol Visitor Center...................................        24,321,000        24,321,000  .................
                                                          ------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................................       656,993,000       585,782,000       (71,211,000)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outdoor Recycling.--The Committee commends the efforts of 
the AOC and the United States Capitol Police for implementing 
outdoor recycling programs on the Capitol grounds while 
maintaining security of the complex. The Committee encourages 
the Architect of the Capitol and the USCP to continue to 
collaborate and work together to expand these efforts where 
appropriate in high-traffic areas across the Capitol complex. 
The AOC is also encouraged to work with the USCP to find 
additional locations where garbage and recycling cans can be 
co-located and clearly marked on the Capitol grounds.
    Office of Inspector General.--The Committee feels strongly 
that the AOC OIG must maintain a staffing level commensurate 
with the scale of AOC's vast portfolio of operations, 
constructions, and contract oversight. Within funds provided, 
the Committee directs the AOC OIG to employ not fewer than 15 
FTE positions during fiscal year 2020. The Committee also 
directs the AOC to ensure that sufficient funding is available 
for contracts and other expenses identified by the AOC OIG to 
fulfill its mission. Finally, the Committee reiterates that the 
independence of the AOC OIG is of the utmost importance.

                  Capital Construction and Operations

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $103,962,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     128,915,000
Committee recommendation................................     126,554,000

    The Capital Construction and Operations appropriation 
provides funding for salaries and related benefits of the 
Architect, officers, administrative and support staff, 
including engineering and architecture employees. This account 
also provides for administrative items such as agency-wide 
contractual services; surveys and studies; information 
technology; and safety engineering operations.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $126,554,000 
for capital construction and operations. The recommendation is 
$22,592,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and 
$2,361,000 below the fiscal year 2020 request.
    AOC Response to Sexual Harassment Complaints.--The 
Committee remains concerned with the findings of the March 15, 
2019 AOC OIG review of the AOC's response to sexual harassment 
complaints over the previous 10 year period. Employees of the 
AOC should feel their work environment is safe and that 
complaints of harassment and discrimination are taken 
seriously.
    The AOC is directed to report to the Committee within 60 
days of enactment of this act on the status of implementation 
for each of the 16 inquiry results listed in the AOC OIG's 
report, to include the implementation of the recommendations 
identified in prior OIG sexual harassment management advisories 
that went unimplemented in previous years. The report should 
detail the timeline for implementation as well as any updates 
or revisions to the AOC's internal policies relating to 
harassment and discrimination, including employee training on 
how to prevent and properly report incidents.

                            Capitol Building

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $43,992,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      68,878,000
Committee recommendation................................      63,378,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $63,378,000 
for necessary expenses for the maintenance, care and operation 
of the Capitol, which is $19,386,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation and $5,500,000 below the fiscal year 2020 
request. Of the amount recommended, $35,399,000 shall remain 
available until September 30, 2024.
    Accessibility.--The Committee believes it is critical for 
all individuals visiting the U.S. Capitol complex to have the 
opportunity to be inspired and learn. Individuals with 
disabilities should receive the same information and 
experiences as those who do not have disabilities. Signage, 
brochures and many exhibit descriptions are available in 
braille and/or large print. There are several touchable models 
available as is an audio descriptive tour of Exhibition Hall in 
the Capitol Visitor Center [CVC]. The Committee supports the 
efforts of the Office of Congressional Accessibility Services 
[OCAS] to develop a touchable model/map of the CVC and the 
Capitol complex. The Committee also supports the development of 
a descriptive audio tour for the redesigned Exhibition Hall 
located in the CVC. Further, the Committee supports efforts to 
enhance independent navigation and access to visual information 
for those who are blind or have low vision and is aware that 
enhanced access technologies are emerging, including remote 
video connectivity to trained visual interpreters that can 
support such access. The Committee recommends that the AOC, 
working with the OCAS, research and evaluate access 
technologies for those who are blind or have low vision that 
enable access to visual information and enhance independent 
navigation. The Committee expects to receive a briefing within 
180 days of enactment of this act on plans to incorporate these 
technologies into the visitor experience in the Capitol 
building.
    Display of the Official Flags of Federally Recognized 
Indian Tribes.--The Committee encourages the AOC to study the 
feasibility of the display of the Official flags of federally 
recognized Indian Tribes in visible spaces on the Capitol 
campus. The AOC is requested to provide a report to the 
Committee within 120 days of enactment of this act describing 
potential scope and display method options.
    Depictions of Native Americans and Native American History 
in the Capitol.--There are depictions of Native Americans 
throughout the Capitol complex that do not portray Native 
Americans as equals or Indian Tribes as independent sovereigns. 
The Committee urges the AOC to work with the Native American 
historians and professionals at the National Museum of the 
American Indian to ensure that the Capitol complex more 
accurately and respectfully represents the history of Native 
Americans. The AOC is also encouraged to acknowledge in its 
exhibitions on American history and tradition the elements that 
have originated from Native American cultures.
    Miscellaneous Improvements Notifications.--The Committee 
appreciates the AOC's efforts to document and notify the 
Committee of ``Miscellaneous Improvements'' projects, which are 
completed projects that costs less than $5,000 for labor and 
materials. The Committee directs the AOC to provide quarterly 
reports on Miscellaneous Improvements projects, including a 
description and cost of each project and the status of total 
funding set aside for this purpose.
    The following table displays the budget detail.

                            CAPITOL BUILDING
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Amount         Committee
                  Item                       requested    recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
    Fiscal Year 2020 Operating Budget
 
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating Budget........     $27,979,000     $27,979,000
                                         ===============================
 
     Fiscal Year 2020 Project Budget
 
Exterior Stone and Metal Preservation,        22,300,000      22,300,000
 USC....................................
Fiscal Year 2021 Presidential Inaugural        7,000,000       7,000,000
 Stands and Support Facilities, USC.....
Electric Power Distribution System             5,500,000  ..............
 Replacement, House, USC................
Minor Construction......................       5,500,000       5,500,000
Conservation of Fine and Architectural           599,000         599,000
 Art....................................
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Project Budget..........      40,899,000      35,399,000
                                         ===============================
      Total, Capitol Building...........      68,878,000      63,378,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                            Capitol Grounds

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $16,761,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      22,824,000
Committee recommendation................................      22,824,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $22,824,000 
for Capitol Grounds for the care and improvements of the 
grounds surrounding the Capitol, the Senate and House office 
buildings, and the Capitol Power Plant. The recommendation is 
$6,063,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and equal 
to the fiscal year 2020 request. Of the amount recommended, 
$10,800,000 shall remain available until September 30, 2024.
    The following table displays the budget detail:

                             CAPITOL GROUNDS
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Amount         Committee
                  Item                       requested    recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
    Fiscal Year 2020 Operating Budget
 
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating Budget........     $12,024,000     $12,024,000
                                         ===============================
 
     Fiscal Year 2020 Project Budget
 
Campus Wide Utility Survey..............       4,600,000       4,600,000
Summerhouse Restoration, CG.............       3,200,000       3,200,000
Minor Construction......................       3,000,000       3,000,000
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Project Budget..........      10,800,000      10,800,000
                                         ===============================
      Total, Capitol Grounds............      22,824,000      22,824,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        Senate Office Buildings

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $93,562,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      87,424,000
Committee recommendation................................      88,424,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $88,424,000 
for maintenance of the Senate office buildings. The 
recommendation is $5,138,000 below the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation and $1,000,000 above the fiscal year 2020 
request. Of the amount recommended, $23,100,000 shall remain 
available until September 30, 2024.
    The following table displays the budget detail:

                         SENATE OFFICE BUILDINGS
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Amount         Committee
                  Item                       requested    recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
    Fiscal Year 2020 Operating Budget
 
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating Budget........     $65,324,000     $65,324,000
                                         ===============================
 
     Fiscal Year 2020 Project Budget
 
HVAC AHU Improvements, HSOB.............      13,700,000      13,700,000
Prescriptive Egress Improvements, HSOB..       1,800,000       1,800,000
Exterior Envelope Rehabilitation, DSOB..       1,600,000       1,600,000
Minor Construction......................       5,000,000       6,000,000
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Project Budget..........      22,100,000      23,100,000
                                         ===============================
      Total, Senate Office Buildings....      87,424,000      88,424,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Russell Senate Office Building.--The Committee appreciates 
that the AOC has continued to make significant progress on 
implementing solutions recommended by a Blue Ribbon Panel to 
address potential fire hazards in the Russell Senate Office 
Building. The Committee believes that continued oversight of 
the project is essential to ensure it is completed as soon as 
possible.
    Senate Child Care Facility Assessment.--Because the 
physical capacity of the Senate Employee Child Care Center 
[SECCC] is extremely limited relative to the number of Senate 
employees, the Committee previously directed the AOC to 
identify and evaluate potential options for expanding the 
physical capacity of the SECCC. The Committee understands there 
have been delays in awarding the contract for this study which 
has resulted in a delay to the Committees original reporting 
requirement. The Committee expects the AOC to provide its 
report by March 31, 2020.
    In anticipation of receipt of the report and a potential 
decision made on the path forward for facility expansion, the 
Committee wants to ensure that the AOC has the initial 
resources in fiscal year 2020 to move promptly and ensure a 
successful design effort. Therefore, the Committee provides an 
additional $1,000,000 for Senate Office Buildings Minor 
Construction above the request to be used for pre-design 
activities if the selection of a preferred option from the 
ongoing study is finalized. Such pre-design activities would 
include developing a site specific program of requirements, an 
acquisition plan, and an independent government estimate.
    Senate Composting Program.--The Architect of the Capitol's 
program to collect and process post-consumer compostables 
generated in Senate offices ended in 2016. Since that time, the 
Senate composting program has focused exclusively on diverting 
kitchen-generated food waste. The Committee urges the AOC's 
Senate Superintendent's Office to explore options to expand the 
composting program to improve the Senate Office Buildings waste 
diversion rate, and provide interested Senate offices the 
opportunity to participate in the program.
    Senate and Capitol Food Services.--The Architect of the 
Capitol, in consultation with the Senate Appropriations 
Committee and the Committee on Rules and Administration, is 
directed to commission a master plan for all food service and 
catering facilities in the Senate Office Buildings and the 
Senate wing of the Capitol, not including the retail operations 
at the Capitol Visitor Center. The master plan should include, 
but not be limited to, the following: a survey of the needs and 
preferences of Senate customers; a survey of similar food 
services in Federal agencies and large institutional settings; 
a detailed space audit and utilization analysis to ensure 
efficiency for all kitchen, storage, seating, administrative, 
and other restaurant facilities; current information technology 
use and recommendations for upgrades; new restaurant concepts 
and a cohesive plan for each food services location; and 
conceptual design for all retail, catering, kitchen, and 
seating areas. The master plan should present alternatives that 
are cost-effective, value-centered for the customer, and that 
avoid the need for ongoing appropriations for non-capital 
items. The master plan should also include a study of current 
operating costs and profitability for each food service 
facility. The intent is that the master plan will provide 
recommendations and directions for phased modernization and 
renovations for food service facilities that better serve the 
Senate community and public. The study should be completed no 
later than January 31, 2021.

                          Capitol Power Plant

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $114,050,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     142,225,000
Committee recommendation................................     130,225,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $130,225,000 
for the operations of the Capitol Power Plant. This is 
supplemented by $10,000,000 in reimbursements, for a total of 
$140,225,000. The recommendation is $16,175,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 appropriation and $12,000,000 below the fiscal 
year 2020 request. Of the amount provided, $46,600,000 shall 
remain available until September 30, 2024.
    The Power Plant provides heat, light, power, and air-
conditioning for the Capitol, Senate and House office 
buildings, and the Library of Congress buildings; heat, light, 
and power for the Botanic Garden and the Senate and House 
Garages; light for the Capitol Grounds' street, park, and 
floodlighting system; steam heat for the Government Publishing 
Office and Washington City Post Office, also known as Postal 
Square; and steam heat and air-conditioning for the Union 
Station complex, Folger Shakespeare Library, the Thurgood 
Marshall Federal Judiciary Building, and the U.S. Supreme Court 
Building on a reimbursable basis.
    The Committee supports continuation of the project, 
initiated in fiscal year 2012, to replace the cooling towers in 
the West Refrigeration Plant. The Committee notes that the 
project cost will total $233,666,000 and that $130,316,000 in 
appropriations has already been provided spanning nine fiscal 
years. The remaining $103,350,000 will be requested in future 
years. The Committee provides $26,400,000 for this project in 
fiscal year 2020 and looks forward to continuing efforts on 
this project.
    Within the operating budget, the recommended amount for the 
purchase of electricity from the local private utility, payment 
to the government of the District of Columbia for the provision 
of water and sewer services, and the procurement of boiler 
fuel, is displayed in the following table.

                FISCAL YEAR 2020 ESTIMATED UTILITY COSTS
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Cost
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Purchase of electrical energy...........................     $27,455,000
Purchase of natural gas.................................      14,570,000
Purchase of steam.......................................       1,060,000
Purchase of oil.........................................       1,011,000
Purchase of solid fuel..................................         250,000
Water and Sewer payments................................       8,398,000
Utilities for Postal Square.............................         725,000
Energy Saving Performance Contracts.....................      15,041,000
                                                         ---------------
Energy Reduction Services Contract......................         650,000
                                                         ---------------
      Total.............................................      69,160,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The balance of this appropriation supports a workforce to 
operate and maintain the Power Plant.
    The following table displays the budget detail:

                           CAPITOL POWER PLANT
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Amount         Committee
                 Item                      requested      recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
   Fiscal Year 2020 Operating Budget
 
                                       ---------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating Budget......     $84,625,000      $83,625,000
                                       =================================
 
    Fiscal Year 2020 Project Budget
 
Piping Replacements and Egress              26,400,000       26,400,000
 Improvements, RPR, Phase V, WRP......
R Tunnel Improvements, Constitution...      10,100,000       10,100,000
Pipe Expansion Joint Improvements, Y         7,400,000   ...............
 Tunnel, A line.......................
Pipe Expansion Joint Improvements, G         4,900,000        4,900,000
 Tunnel...............................
Switchgear A and Final Chiller               1,200,000        1,200,000
 Replacement, RPR, Phase VII, WRP.....
Minor Construction....................       4,000,000        4,000,000
                                       ---------------------------------
      Subtotal, Project Budget........      57,600,000       46,600,000
                                       =================================
      Total, Capitol Power Plant......     142,225,000      130,225,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                     Library Buildings and Grounds

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $68,525,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     121,346,000
Committee recommendation................................      63,646,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $63,646,000 
for the care and maintenance of the Library buildings and 
grounds by the Architect of the Capitol, of which $33,100,000 
shall remain available until September 30, 2024. The 
recommendation is $4,879,000 below the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation and $57,700,000 below the fiscal year 2020 
request.
    The following table displays the budget detail:

                      LIBRARY BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Amount         Committee
                  Item                       requested    recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
    Fiscal Year 2020 Operating Budget
 
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating Budget........     $30,546,000     $30,546,000
                                         ===============================
 
     Fiscal Year 2020 Project Budget
 
Emergency Generator, JMMB...............      48,800,000  ..............
Copper Roof Replacement and Fall              16,500,000      16,500,000
 Protection, JAB........................
Stained Glass Window Repairs, NE, East,        7,900,000       7,900,000
 and SE Windows, TJB....................
Sixth Floor Terrace, JMMB...............       7,100,000  ..............
ESPC Management Program, LBG............       5,200,000       5,200,000
Exterior Masonry and Envelope Repairs,         1,800,000
 JAB....................................
Minor Construction......................       3,500,000       3,500,000
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Project Budget..........      90,800,000      33,100,000
                                         ===============================
      Total, Library Buildings and           121,346,000      63,646,000
       Grounds..........................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

            Capitol Police Buildings, Grounds, and Security

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $57,714,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      54,966,000
Committee recommendation................................      50,316,000

    The Committee recommends $50,316,000 for Capitol Police 
Buildings, Grounds, and Security, which is $7,398,000 below the 
fiscal year 2019 appropriation and $4,650,000 below the fiscal 
year 2020 request. Of this amount, $23,100,000 shall remain 
available until September 30, 2024.
    The following table displays the budget detail:

             CAPITOL POLICE BUILDINGS, GROUNDS, AND SECURITY
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Amount         Committee
                  Item                       requested    recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
    Fiscal Year 2020 Operating Budget
 
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating Budget........     $26,966,000     $27,216,000
                                         ===============================
 
     Fiscal Year 2020 Project Budget
 
Barrier Lifecycle and Security Kiosk           8,300,000       8,300,000
 Repairs and Replacement, Phase IV, OSP.
Roof Replacement, ACF...................       7,300,000       7,300,000
Perimeter Security Fence Modification,         4,900,000  ..............
 OSP....................................
Off-site Delivery Screening Center and         1,500,000       1,500,000
 Study, OSP.............................
Visitor Vestibules, OSP.................       1,000,000       1,000,000
Minor Construction......................       5,000,000       5,000,000
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Project Budget..........      28,000,000      23,100,000
                                         ===============================
      Total, Capitol Police Buildings,        54,966,000      50,316,000
       Grounds, and Security............
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                             Botanic Garden

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $14,759,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      16,094,000
Committee recommendation................................      16,094,000

    The Committee recommends $16,094,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Botanic Garden. The recommendation is 
$1,335,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and equal 
to the fiscal year budget request 2020 request. Of this amount, 
$4,000,000 shall remain available until September 30, 2024.
    The following table displays the budget detail:

                             BOTANIC GARDEN
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Amount         Committee
                  Item                       requested    recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
    Fiscal Year 2020 Operating Budget
 
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating Budget........     $12,094,000     $12,094,000
                                         ===============================
 
     Fiscal Year 2020 Project Budget
 
Minor Construction......................       4,000,000       4,000,000
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Project Budget..........       4,000,000       4,000,000
                                         ===============================
      Total, Botanic Garden.............      16,094,000      16,094,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         Capitol Visitor Center

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $23,322,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      24,321,000
Committee recommendation................................      24,321,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $24,321,000 for the 
operation of the Capitol Visitor Center. The recommendation is 
$999,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and equal to 
the fiscal year 2020 request.
    The following table displays the budget detail:

                         CAPITOL VISITOR CENTER
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Amount         Committee
                  Item                       requested    recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
    Fiscal Year 2020 Operating Budget
 
                                         -------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating Budget........     $24,321,000     $24,321,000
                                         ===============================
      Total, Capitol Visitor Center.....      24,321,000      24,321,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                       Administrative Provisions

    Sec. 130. This provision prohibits payment of bonuses to 
contractors behind schedule or over budget.

                          LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

    The Library of Congress [Library] is the largest library in 
the world and an unmatched source of information for Congress, 
the American people and beyond. The Library acquires, 
registers, preserves, protects and makes accessible the 
creative record of the United States. It is the main research 
arm of the United States Congress and its resources and 
services are used by millions of people every month. Its 
mission is to support the Congress in fulfilling its 
constitutional duties and to further the progress of knowledge 
and creativity for the benefit of the American people. The 
Library's collections include more than 167 million items 
(books, photographs, maps, sound recordings, films, sheet 
music, legal materials) in 470 languages. Digital technology is 
transforming the way the Library does its work, and the 
institution plays an important leadership role in superimposing 
digital library collections and services on those that are 
analog based. The Library of Congress houses the Congressional 
Research Service, U.S. Copyright Office, National Library 
Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Law Library 
of Congress, and numerous other programs and services.
    The Committee recommends a total of $735,801,000 for the 
Library of Congress, an increase of $39,689,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 appropriation and $11,276,000 below the fiscal 
year 2020 request.
    In addition to the appropriation, the Library estimates 
receipts of $55,703,000, funds from gifts and trusts totaling 
$14,928,000, and reimbursable and revolving funds totaling 
$231,975,000. Total funds available to support Library 
operations, including the Architect of the Capitol account, are 
expected to be approximately $1,031,422,000 in fiscal year 2020 
under the Committee recommendation.

                         Salaries and Expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $474,052,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     522,570,000
Committee recommendation................................     514,606,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $514,606,000 
for salaries and expenses of the Library of Congress and 
approves authority to spend receipts of $6,000,000 in fiscal 
year 2020, for a total of $520,606,000. The recommendation is 
$40,554,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and 
$7,964,000 below the fiscal year 2020 request. Included within 
this recommendation, as requested by the Library for fiscal 
year 2020, is $7,000,000 for Data Center Transformation and 
Modernization (phase II); $3,862,000 for the Office of the 
Chief Financial Officer Optimization and Modernization; and 
$3,617,000 for Congress.gov enhancements.
    The recommendation for this account also reflects a shift 
in appropriations associated with the centralization of 
information technology [IT] funding from across the Library 
into the Office of Chief Information Officer [OCIO]. A total of 
$13,556,000 will move to the OCIO in fiscal year 2020, 
reflecting the cost of IT activities that were funded 
previously within the Congressional Research Service, Copyright 
Office, and the National Library Service for the Blind and 
Physically Handicapped. The realignment of these funds will 
help facilitate the final phases of IT centralization across 
the Library. The Committee expects the Library to provide a 
detailed spend plan, including any increase in FTE levels for 
the IT modernization intended to be addressed with the funds 
provided in fiscal year 2020.
    IT Modernization.--The Committee continues to invest in IT 
modernization at the Library, including updating outdated 
infrastructure, supporting migration to a Tier III data center, 
and improving the security of the networks. To facilitate the 
oversight of these investments, the Committee directs the 
Library to develop a critical path for its overarching IT 
modernization efforts. The critical path should use best 
practice criteria from the Government Accountability Office, 
Project Management Institute, or other entity with similar 
expertise to outline a set of detailed milestones and outcome 
measures over the span of the modernization effort, to be 
updated on a rolling basis as milestones are met and 
modernization moves forward. The baselined critical path should 
be completed, and shared with the Committee, within 30 days of 
enactment of this act.
    Thomas Jefferson Building Visitor Experience.--The 
Committee and the Congress continue to support the public-
private partnership to enhance visitors' experiences at the 
Library of Congress by expanding, revitalizing, and better 
showcasing the Library's available programs and historical 
artifacts. After reviewing the Library's Visitor Experience 
Master Plan, the Committee provided written approval to release 
the $8,000,000 provided in the fiscal year 2018 Legislative 
Branch Appropriations Act (Public Law 115-244). The Committee 
directs the Library to use these funds to further develop the 
design of the elements presented in the Master Plan. The fiscal 
year 2020 recommendation includes an additional $10,000,000 for 
the Visitor Experience, which would bring the total Federal 
investment provided thus far for the project to $20,000,000. 
Along with budget submissions as part of the regular 
appropriations process, the Library is directed to provide 
periodic updates to the Committee on updates to designs, cost 
estimates, and anticipated timelines for construction and 
implementation of the plan. These updates should also include 
progress on fundraising initiatives for the private funding, 
including both donations in-hand and verbal commitments, to 
support the Library Visitor Experience.
    Veterans History Project.--The Committee recommends an 
appropriation of $2,586,000 for the Library of Congress' 
Veterans History Project [VHP]. VHP oversees a nationwide 
effort to build an archive of oral histories, from World War I 
through current conflicts, by collecting, preserving, and 
making available the personal stories of American war veterans 
and the civilian workers who support them. The VHP collection 
includes submissions from every State and is the largest oral 
history project in the United States. Through an active 
national outreach effort to volunteer organizations, 
institutions, and individuals across the country, VHP gained 
new participants and acquired 4,484 new collections in fiscal 
year 2018. The Committee supports VHP's ongoing digitization 
efforts, with the portion of materials digitized reaching 
106,213 items from 53,995 collections in fiscal year 2018.
    Surplus Books Program.--The Committee supports the 
Library's Surplus Books Program, which acts as an ambassador of 
goodwill for the Library nationwide by providing excess books 
to local libraries and non-profits across the country. The 
program is utilized by participating institutions to expand 
literary collections and provide individuals access to a broad 
variety of reading materials. The Committee continues to 
provide funding specifically for the program, in order to 
ensure continued nationwide access to the program and enable 
the Library to expand program awareness.
    Teaching with Primary Sources.--The Committee recommends an 
appropriation of $9,110,000 for the Library of Congress' 
Teaching with Primary Sources program [TPS]. TPS is a teacher 
training initiative that encourages educators to incorporate 
the Library's online primary sources into school curricula. 
Library staff harness the power of primary sources as teaching 
tools by providing educators with methods and materials that 
build student literacy skills, content knowledge, and critical 
thinking abilities. TPS has successfully worked with educators 
in 49 States, the District of Columbia, and American Samoa. The 
Committee notes that the Library sponsors many educational 
lectures and events and encourages the Library to incorporate 
excerpts from these presentations into the curriculum materials 
it develops. The Committee is aware of the important role that 
colleges, universities, and other educational institutions and 
foundations have held in developing and expanding the scope and 
reach of the Teaching with Primary Sources program since its 
authorization in 2005. The Committee encourages the Library to 
maintain its partnerships with these educational entities to 
continue to expand this effective teacher training initiative 
that incorporates the Library's impressive digital collections 
into school curricula.
    Preservation.--The Committee notes that the Library 
utilizes multiple preservation strategies to extend the life of 
its vast collections for future generations to enjoy, including 
building and operating climate-controlled storage facilities, 
preparing new acquisitions for commercial binding and shelving, 
deacidification, and digital reformatting. The Committee 
supports the Library's preservation efforts and directs the 
Library to continue funding for ongoing preservation activities 
at not less than the current level for each ongoing 
preservation strategy.
    National Film and Sound Recording Preservation Programs.--
The Committee recognizes the important work of the National 
Film Preservation Program and the National Sound Recording 
Preservation Program, including the federally chartered 
National Film and National Recording Preservation Foundations 
[Foundations]. Consistent with the authorizing statute, the 
Foundations utilize both public and private matching funds to 
provide grants to a wide array of educational and non-profit 
organizations that help preserve historical and cultural 
artifacts that would otherwise disappear or be destroyed over 
time. Given that these programs were reauthorized under the 
Library of Congress Sound Recording and Film Preservation 
Programs Reauthorization Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-217), the 
Committee expects that the Library will provide support to 
these programs.
    Meeting of Frontiers.--The Committee is encouraged that the 
Library of Congress is moving forward with a high-priority 
effort to migrate the digital collection containing the story 
of the American-Russian frontiers in Alaska and Siberia from an 
aging and unsustainable website to a modern, supportable, and 
more discoverable digital platform by the end of fiscal year 
2020. The project will be accomplished using existing resources 
in the Library's budget. In addition to modernizing the current 
online collection for the use of future generations, the 
project will make available digitized items not previously 
found online, and will ensure that the existing website will 
remain openly accessible via a web archive.
    The Committee is concerned, however, about some aspects of 
the Library's plan. The Committee therefore directs the Library 
to ensure that all materials collected from Russian and 
American repositories that were not accessioned onto the 
existing Meeting of Frontiers website are accessioned and 
posted to the new platform or, after consultation with partner 
institutions, links to the collections posted at the partner 
institutions' sites are provided. Further, the Committee 
directs that all existing English-language translations of 
explanatory text, as well as other supplemental information, 
and links that allow researchers, archivists, librarians, 
educators, students, and the public to more fully understand 
the documents posted at the current website are migrated to the 
new platform. Further, the Committee directs the Library to 
include on the new site, after consultation with Alaskan 
stakeholders, additional links to repositories of Alaskan and 
Russian-American materials held in Alaska and throughout the 
United States. Further, the Committee directs the Library to 
engage in meaningful consultation with American Arctic 
scholars, librarians, archivists, teachers, and other 
stakeholders regarding the content and usefulness of the 
Meeting of Frontiers collection on the new platform and how it 
will meet the needs of those who will access the materials in 
the future. Finally, the Committee directs the Library to 
submit, no later than February 2, 2020, a plan developed in 
consultation with Alaskan stakeholders for creating English-
language explanatory text for selected materials newly posted 
to the Meeting of Frontiers collection.
    DATA Act Information System.--The Digital Accountability 
and Transparency Act of 2014 [DATA Act] (Public Law 113-101) 
mandated a centrally reported and standardized government-wide, 
financial agency account and award activity information system 
for the executive branch. The Committee is interested in 
understanding how this information could be leveraged to 
provide Congress with a tool tailored to the legislative branch 
to assist in its oversight and appropriations roles. The 
Committee directs the Library to engage with interested Members 
on how a system to support the Congress could be incorporated 
into the Library's plans to modernize the existing information 
system for the legislative branch. The Library shall report to 
the Committee on the needs identified, including specific 
technical requirements; the feasibility of implementing such 
requirements; and the budgetary impact to the Library and CRS.

                            Copyright Office


                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $43,589,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      43,289,000
Committee recommendation................................      42,137,000

    The United States Copyright Office plays an important role 
in our Nation's intellectual property system. Copyright law is 
the foundation for the creation and dissemination of American 
artistic works, leading to substantial economic and cultural 
benefits. The Copyright Office serves multiple central roles in 
the copyright system, overseeing the registration of 
copyrighted works, administering the copyright law, and 
providing counsel to Congress on copyright policy.
    The Committee recommends the direct appropriation of 
$42,137,000 for the Copyright Office and approves authority to 
spend receipts of $49,703,000 in fiscal year 2020, for a total 
of $91,840,000. The recommendation for total funding available 
is $1,567,000 below the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and 
$1,152,000 below the fiscal year 2020 request.
    Information Technology Modernization.--The recommendation 
continues funding for Copyright Office IT modernization. The 
Committee commends the collaboration of the Copyright Office 
with the Library's Office of Chief Information Officer in the 
overall IT modernization effort for the Library. The Committee 
directs the Copyright Office and the Library's OCIO to continue 
to work together to achieve efficiencies in shared services, 
while allowing for mission specific modernization to be the 
responsibility of the Copyright Office.
    The Committee directs the Copyright Office to provide a 
detailed spend plan for the IT modernization efforts intended 
to be addressed with the funds provided in fiscal year 2020. 
Additionally, the Committee directs the Copyright Office to 
develop a critical path for its mission specific modernization 
efforts. The critical path should use best practice criteria 
from the Government Accountability Office, Project Management 
Institute, or other entity with similar expertise to outline a 
set of detailed milestones and outcome measures over the span 
of the modernization effort, to be updated on a rolling basis 
as milestones are met and modernization moves forward. The 
baselined critical path should be completed, and shared with 
the Committee, within 30 days of enactment of this act.
    Satellite Subsidy Expiration.--The Committee is concerned 
that the distant signal provision of current law (Public Law 
200-113) may provide a below-market incentive for a mature 
satellite industry to restrict local news transmission. The 
Register of Copyrights is directed to report to the Committee 
on Appropriations within 180 days enactment of this act on the 
satellite industry's increased carriage of local broadcast 
signals in the marketplace similar to their cable and online 
distribution competitors.

                     Congressional Research Service


                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $125,688,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     121,572,000
Committee recommendation................................     120,495,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $120,495,000 
for the Congressional Research Service [CRS]. The 
recommendation is $5,193,000 below the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation and $1,077,000 below the fiscal year 2020 
request.
    Congressional Research Service Modernization.--The 
Committee recognizes the tremendous value that CRS has added to 
Congress by providing objective, authoritative, nonpartisan, 
and confidential research and analysis on the breadth of policy 
issues considered during each legislative session since its 
inception in 1914. Included in the Committee's recommendation 
is $4,000,000 to continue modernization of CRS mission-specific 
information systems to increase efficiency of the office while 
protecting confidentiality of congressional data.
    Senate Oral History Project.--The CRS in coordination with 
the Senate Oral History Project, shall provide to the 
Committee, no later 180 days after enactment of this act, a 
report detailing the feasibility of enhancing the existing 
Senate Oral History Project to include more outgoing staff in 
the voluntary program and sharing that information with the CRS 
with the express purpose of increasing the retention of 
anonymized institutional knowledge.

             Books for the Blind and Physically Handicapped


                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $52,783,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      59,646,000
Committee recommendation................................      58,563,000

    This appropriation supports a national reading program for 
eligible residents of the United States and U.S. citizens 
living overseas who are blind or physically handicapped. Books 
and magazines in braille and various recorded formats are 
produced by the National Library Service for the Blind and 
Physically Handicapped [NLS] for distribution through a network 
of State and locally supported libraries. At present, 55 
regional libraries in 49 States, the District of Columbia, 
Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands house and circulate 
books and magazines to eligible readers. Twenty-eight 
subregional libraries in 10 States, and Guam, assist at the 
local public library level. In addition, 15 Advisory and 
Outreach Centers assist regional libraries in provision of 
services. Fifty-three of the regional libraries and three 
separate cooperating agencies distribute sound reproducers. Two 
multi-State centers, under contract to the NLS, store and 
distribute books and other materials in their geographical 
region. The program supports a readership of approximately 
800,000.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $58,563,000 
for salaries and expenses for NLS. The recommendation is 
$5,780,000 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and 
$1,083,000 below the fiscal year 2020 request.
    The Committee recommendation includes $2,375,000 for 
Braille eReaders and Talking Book Machines to expand user 
access and modernize the program. The additional funding will 
allow for NLS to increase its supply so that more people in 
need may receive the braille and talking book machines. The 
recommendation also includes $5,000,000 for the Braille and 
Audio Reading by Download website replacement which will 
enhance service to NLS patrons and is estimated to increase 
users from 50,000 to 800,000.

                       Administrative Provisions

    Sec. 140. The Committee has included a routine 
administrative provision regarding reimbursable and revolving 
funds carried in prior years.

                      GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE

    The U.S. Government Publishing Office [GPO] is the Federal 
Government's primary centralized resource for gathering, 
cataloging, producing, providing, and preserving published 
information in all its forms. By law and tradition, the GPO's 
mission is to provide expert publishing and printing services 
to all three branches of Government; to provide, in partnership 
with Federal depository libraries, permanent public access to 
the printed and electronic information products of all three 
branches of the Federal Government; and to sell copies of 
authentic printed and electronic documents and other government 
information products to the public.
    GPO's core mission dates to 1813 when Congress determined 
that information regarding the work of the Federal Government 
should be available to all Americans. Over 200 years later, 
GPO's mission remains unchanged. However, the means for 
producing and distributing that information has transformed 
dramatically with the advent of the digital revolution.
    Today, GPO provides free online public access to more than 
1.5 million searchable titles, including the Budget of the U.S. 
Government, the Code of Federal Regulations, the Congressional 
Record, and congressional bills, hearings, and reports. GPO 
also provides access to Government information in digital 
format through apps, eBooks, and related technologies. Since 
2009, GPO has experienced more than 1.5 billion digital 
retrievals from its Federal Digital System and in February 2019 
GPO introduced the next generation of its digital information 
system, govinfo.gov, symbolizing the evolution of how Americans 
access Government information in the digital era.

                        Congressional Publishing

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $79,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      79,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      79,000,000

    The appropriation for Congressional Publishing supports 
transparency of the congressional process by funding digital 
and print publication of congressional proceedings, including 
the Congressional Record, bills, amendments, Committee reports, 
and hearing transcripts. This appropriation also supports the 
direct publication and printing needs of Congress.
    The Committee recommends $79,000,000 for congressional 
publishing. The recommendation is equal to the fiscal year 2019 
appropriation and the 2020 request.
    The following table compares the component categories 
within this account for fiscal year 2019 and the fiscal year 
2020 request. The Committee has not recommended separate 
amounts for each activity in order to give GPO the flexibility 
to meet changing requirements.

                        CONGRESSIONAL PUBLISHING
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Fiscal year 2019   Fiscal year 2020
                                         enacted           requested
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Congressional Record Publications.       $21,299,000        $24,852,000
Miscellaneous publications........         1,550,000          1,994,000
Miscellaneous publishing and              18,338,000         17,170,000
 services.........................
Details to Congress...............         5,034,000          5,128,000
Document envelopes and document              577,000            628,000
 franks...........................
Business and committee calendars..         2,701,000          4,426,000
Bills, resolutions, and amendments         5,687,000          5,826,000
Committee reports.................         2,603,000          2,826,000
Documents.........................           878,000            724,000
Hearings..........................        15,410,000         16,419,000
Committee prints..................           813,000            713,000
U.S. Code.........................         3,763,000   .................
Transfers.........................           347,000   .................
                                   -------------------------------------
      Total.......................        79,000,000         79,000,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Public Information Programs of the Office of Superintendent of 
                               Documents


                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $32,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      31,296,000
Committee recommendation................................      31,296,000

    This appropriation provides for salaries and expenses 
associated with the distribution of electronic and printed 
Government documents to depository and international exchange 
libraries, the cataloging and indexing of Government 
publications, and the distribution of electronic and printed 
publications authorized by law at the request of Members of 
Congress and other Government agencies.
    The Committee recommends $31,296,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Public Information Programs of the Office of 
the Superintendent of Documents. The recommendation is $704,000 
below the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and equal to the 
fiscal year 2020 request.
    The Committee supports GPO's introduction of its next 
generation information system, govinfo.gov, as well as the 
agency's other information technology systems, given that these 
efforts continue to reduce costs.

    Government Publishing Office Business Operations Revolving Fund

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $6,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       6,704,000
Committee recommendation................................       6,704,000

    The Committee recommends $6,704,000 for the GPO Business 
Operations Revolving Fund. The recommendation is $704,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and equal to the fiscal year 
2020 request.
    The Committee supports continued investment in the 
Revolving Fund as the most efficient solution to both cutting 
costs and ensuring efficient online access to government 
documents. One reason GPO is able to meet the increased work 
demands and continually reduce costs is through its constant 
focus on capital investments to modernize information systems, 
production equipment, and major facility repairs.

                    GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE


                         Salaries and Expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $625,649,653
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     685,958,000
Committee recommendation................................     639,436,000

    The U.S. Government Accountability Office [GAO] is an 
independent nonpartisan agency that was established by the 
Budget and Accounting Act of 1921 to act as an auditor for 
Congress and investigate how the Federal Government spends 
taxpayer dollars.
    The function of GAO includes auditing agency operations to 
determine whether Federal funds are being spent efficiently and 
effectively; investigating allegations of illegal and improper 
activities; reporting on how well Government programs and 
policies are meeting their objectives; performing policy 
analyses and outlining options for congressional consideration; 
and issuing legal decisions and opinions, such as bid protest 
rulings and reports on agency rules.
    The Committee recommends funding of $639,436,000 for 
salaries and expenses of the GAO. The recommendation is 
$49,686,347 above the fiscal year 2019 appropriation and 
$8,201,000 below the fiscal year 2020 request. The funding 
provided will allow GAO to increase support for the work in 
evolving science and technology issues; cybersecurity threats; 
and rising healthcare costs. GAO will also be able to continue 
the multiphase initiative to modernize its aging information 
technology infrastructure, and begin to address the backlog of 
deferred maintenance at its headquarters building.
    Additionally, $24,800,000 is authorized in offsetting 
collections derived from rent receipts and reimbursements for 
conducting financial audits of Government corporations, for a 
total of $664,236,000.
    GAO Science, Technology Assessment, and Analytics Team.--In 
the fiscal year 2019, the Committee directed GAO to provide a 
comprehensive plan to reconfigure its science and technology 
function to better address the evolving and timely needs of 
Congress, and in January 2019, GAO established a Science, 
Technology Assessment, and Analytics [STAA] team. In 
consultation with internal and external stakeholders, academic 
and nonprofit organizations, and Members of Congress, the STAA 
team submitted its plan for staffing needs, resources, areas of 
expertise, and the products and services that the team will 
provide or are currently providing to Congress. The plan 
demonstrates STAA's value and ability to assess upcoming 
technological and digital innovations. Presently, the STAA is 
providing Congress with technology assessments, technical 
assistance, and reports in the areas of oversight of Federal 
technology and science programs, as well as best practices in 
engineering sciences and cybersecurity. The Committee applauds 
the efforts of GAO's STAA team and encourages STAA to continue 
providing Congress with unbiased explanatory data while also 
exploring new areas for independent science and technology 
guidance, relevant to Congress.

                OPEN WORLD LEADERSHIP CENTER TRUST FUND

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $5,600,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       5,800,000
Committee recommendation................................       5,900,000

    The Committee recommends $5,900,000 as a payment to the 
Open World Leadership Center Trust Fund, which is $300,000 more 
than the fiscal year 2019 appropriation of $5,600,000. Founded 
in 1999 by Congress, the Open World Leadership Center serves as 
the dedicated support agency for Congressional legislative 
diplomacy efforts. Legislative diplomacy is crucial in 
providing critical advice and consultation to nascent 
parliamentary bodies trying to build nonpartisan resources to 
improve legislative output. The Center provides this support 
for Members of Congress by encouraging both inter-parliamentary 
and judicial contacts and conducting exchanges that establish 
lasting professional relationships between emerging leaders and 
their U.S. counterparts. The Center also supports Congress in 
achieving outcomes that include the further promotion of common 
values, particularly strengthening international diplomatic 
relations between legislative bodies, and lasting partnerships 
between Members of Congress and foreign parliamentarians.
    The Center maintains a vast network of more than 29,000 
alumni in strategic countries across Eurasia, including an 
impressive 20,000 in the Russian Federation. The Ukraine and 
other nations in the Balkans, Caucuses, Central Asia and 
Eastern Europe constitute the remaining 9,000 alumni. These 
alumni are placed at all levels of their societies, including 
regional and Federal elected positions and ministries. Their 
presence provides assurances that U.S. interests are understood 
and considered.
    While the Committee recognizes the ongoing U.S. national 
interest in maintaining constructive relations with the Russian 
people, the Committee includes a provision that limits the Open 
World Leadership Center to using appropriated funds only for 
Russian participants engaging in free market development, 
humanitarian activities, and civic engagement, and not for 
senior officials of the central Government of Russia.

   JOHN C. STENNIS CENTER FOR PUBLIC SERVICE TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2019....................................        $430,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................         430,000
Committee recommendation................................         430,000

    The John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and 
Development was created by Congress in 1988. The mandate of the 
Center is to promote and strengthen public service. The 
Committee recommends the budget request of $430,000 as 
authorized by 2 U.S.C. 1105, for the Center's congressional 
staff training and development programs.

                                TITLE II

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Included are several general provisions carried annually in 
this act (sections 201-210), as follows:
    Section 201 bans the use of appropriated funds for service 
and maintenance of private vehicles, except under such 
regulations as may be promulgated by the House Administration 
Committee and the Senate Rules and Administration Committee, 
respectively.
    Section 202 limits the availability for obligation of 
appropriations to the fiscal year for which it is expressly 
provided in this act.
    Section 203 provides that any pay rate and title 
designation for a staff position created in this act, and not 
specifically established by the Legislative Pay Act of 1929, is 
to be made permanent law by this act. Further, any pay rate and 
title change for a position provided for in the 1929 Act is to 
be made permanent law by this act and any changes in the 
official expenses of Members, officers, and committees, and in 
the clerk hire of the House and Senate are to be made permanent 
law by this act.
    Section 204 bans the use of funds for contracts unless such 
contracts are matters of public record and are available for 
public inspection.
    Section 205 authorizes legislative branch entities 
participating in the Legislative Branch Financial Managers 
Council [LBFMC] to finance the costs of the LBFMC.
    Section 206 prohibits unauthorized transfers of funds to 
other agencies.
    Section 207 ensures continuation of the staff-led tours of 
the Capitol.
    Section 208 prohibits funds made available in this act to 
be used to acquire certain telecommunications equipment unless 
the agency meets certain criteria.
    Section 209 prohibits the use of funds to establish or 
maintain a computer network unless such network blocks the 
viewing, downloading, and exchanging of pornography, except for 
law enforcement investigation, prosecution, or adjudication 
activities, or other official government activities.
    Section 210 directs agencies in this act to work with food 
service providers to reduce or eliminate plastic waste.

  COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI, OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 7 of rule XVI requires that Committee reports on 
general appropriations bills identify, with particularity, each 
Committee amendment to the House bill ``which proposes an item 
of appropriation which is not made to carry out the provisions 
of an existing law, a treaty stipulation, or an act or 
resolution previously passed by the Senate during that 
session.''
    The Committee has recommended no such funding.

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(c), RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, on September 26, 
2019, the Committee ordered favorably reported an original bill 
(S. 2581) making appropriations for the legislative branch for 
the fiscal year ending September 30, 2020, and for other 
purposes, provided, that the bill be subject to amendment and 
that the bill be consistent with the subcommittee funding 
guidance, and provided that the Chairman of the Committee or 
his designee be authorized to offer the substance of the 
original bill as a Committee amendment in the nature of a 
substitute to the House companion measure, by a recorded vote 
of 31-0, a quorum being present. The vote was as follows:
        Yeas                          Nays
Chairman Shelby
Mr. McConnell
Mr. Alexander
Ms. Collins
Ms. Murkowski
Mr. Graham
Mr. Blunt
Mr. Moran
Mr. Hoeven
Mr. Boozman
Mrs. Capito
Mr. Kennedy
Mrs. Hyde-Smith
Mr. Daines
Mr. Rubio
Mr. Lankford
Mr. Leahy
Mrs. Murray
Mrs. Feinstein
Mr. Durbin
Mr. Reed
Mr. Tester
Mr. Udall
Mrs. Shaheen
Mr. Merkley
Mr. Coons
Mr. Schatz
Ms. Baldwin
Mr. Murphy
Mr. Manchin
Mr. Van Hollen

 COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI, OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 12 of rule XXVI requires that Committee reports 
on a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any statute 
or part of any statute include ``(a) the text of the statute or 
part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and (b) a 
comparative print of that part of the bill or joint resolution 
making the amendment and of the statute or part thereof 
proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through type and 
italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate typographical 
devices the omissions and insertions which would be made by the 
bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form recommended by 
the Committee.''
    In compliance with this rule, no changes to existing law 
are displayed because this bill proposes no changes.

                        BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL


  PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS
                                                     AMENDED
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Budget authority                 Outlays
                                                         -------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee    Amount  in     Committee    Amount  in
                                                           allocation       bill       allocation       bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with the subcommittee
 allocation for 2020: Subcommittee on the Legislative
 Branch:
    Mandatory...........................................          150           150           149        \1\149
    Discretionary.......................................        5,092         3,593         5,015      \1\3,734
        Security........................................  ............  ............           NA            NA
        Nonsecurity.....................................        5,092         3,593            NA            NA
Projection of outlays associated with the
 recommendation:
    2020................................................  ............  ............  ............     \2\2,879
    2021................................................  ............  ............  ............          456
    2022................................................  ............  ............  ............          142
    2023................................................  ............  ............  ............           45
    2024 and future years...............................  ............  ............  ............  ............
Financial assistance to State and local governments for            NA   ............           NA   ............
 P2020..................................................                                              ......\2\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
\2\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
 
NA: Not applicable.


  COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2019 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL
                                                                        YEAR 2020
                                                                [In thousands of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                         Senate Committee recommendation
                                                                                                                             compared with (+ or -)
                                Item                                       2019       Budget estimate     Committee    ---------------------------------
                                                                      appropriation                     recommendation        2019
                                                                                                                         appropriation   Budget estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    TITLE I--LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
 
                               SENATE
 
Payment to Widows and Heirs of Deceased Members of Congress........             174   ...............  ...............            -174   ...............
 
                         Expense Allowances
 
Expense allowances:
 
    Vice President.................................................              19               20               19   ...............              -1
    President Pro Tempore of the Senate............................              38               40               38   ...............              -2
    Majority Leader of the Senate..................................              40               40               40   ...............  ...............
    Minority Leader of the Senate..................................              40               40               40   ...............  ...............
    Majority Whip of the Senate....................................              10               10               10   ...............  ...............
    Minority Whip of the Senate....................................              10               10               10   ...............  ...............
    President Pro Tempore Emeritus of the Senate...................              15               15               15   ...............  ...............
    Chairman of the Majority Conference Committee..................               5                5                5   ...............  ...............
    Chairman of the Minority Conference Committee..................               5                5                5   ...............  ...............
    Chairman of the Majority Policy Committee......................               5                5                5   ...............  ...............
    Chairman of the Minority Policy Committee......................               5                5                5   ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, expense allowances.................................             192              195              192   ...............              -3
 
Representation Allowances for the Majority and Minority Leaders....              28               30               28   ...............              -2
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Expense allowances and representation.................             220              225              220   ...............              -5
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                  Salaries, Officers and Employees
 
Office of the Vice President.......................................           2,484            2,533            2,533              +49   ...............
Office of the President Pro Tempore................................             744              759              759              +15   ...............
Office of the President Pro Tempore Emeritus.......................             319              327              326               +7               -1
Offices of the Majority and Minority Leaders.......................           5,400            5,506            5,506             +106   ...............
Offices of the Majority and Minority Whips.........................           3,455            3,525            3,525              +70   ...............
Committee on Appropriations........................................          15,496           15,793           15,793             +297   ...............
Conference committees..............................................           3,408            3,476            3,476              +68   ...............
Offices of the Secretaries of the Conference of the Majority and                843              863              862              +19               -1
 the Conference of the Minority....................................
Policy committees..................................................           3,482            3,552            3,552              +70   ...............
Office of the Chaplain.............................................             475              511              510              +35               -1
Office of the Secretary............................................          26,315           26,818           26,818             +503   ...............
Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper......................          84,157           85,867           85,867           +1,710   ...............
Offices of the Secretaries for the Majority and Minority...........           1,900            1,940            1,940              +40   ...............
Agency contributions and related expenses..........................          59,912           64,855           64,854           +4,942               -1
Outlays............................................................  ...............  ...............  ...............  ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries, officers and employees......................         208,390          216,325          216,321           +7,931               -4
                                                                    ====================================================================================
          Office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate
 
Salaries and expenses..............................................           6,278            6,397            6,397             +119   ...............
 
                   Office of Senate Legal Counsel
 
Salaries and expenses..............................................           1,176            1,197            1,197              +21   ...............
Expense Allowances of the Secretary of the Senate, Sergeant at Arms              28               30               28   ...............              -2
 and Doorkeeper of the Senate, and Secretaries for the Majority and
 Minority of the Senate: Expense allowances........................
 
                 Contingent Expenses of the Senate
 
Inquiries and investigations.......................................         133,265          133,265          133,265   ...............  ...............
Expenses of United States Senate Caucus on International Narcotics              508              516              508   ...............              -8
 Control...........................................................
Secretary of the Senate............................................          10,036            9,536           14,536           +4,500           +5,000
Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate......................         126,595          128,753          128,753           +2,158   ...............
Miscellaneous items................................................          18,871           18,879           18,871   ...............              -8
Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account............         429,000          531,054          449,000          +20,000          -82,054
 
                        Official Mail Costs
 
Expenses...........................................................             300              300              300   ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Contingent expenses of the Senate.....................         718,575          822,303          745,233          +26,658          -77,070
                                                                    ====================================================================================
      Total, Senate................................................         934,841        1,046,477          969,396          +34,555          -77,081
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                            JOINT ITEMS
 
Joint Economic Committee...........................................           4,203            4,203            4,203   ...............  ...............
Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies..............  ...............  ...............           1,500           +1,500           +1,500
Joint Committee on Taxation........................................          11,169           11,563           11,563             +394   ...............
 
                 Office of the Attending Physician
 
Medical supplies, equipment, expenses, and allowances..............           3,798            3,868            3,868              +70   ...............
 
           Office of Congressional Accessibility Services
 
Salaries and expenses..............................................           1,486            1,509            1,509              +23   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Joint items...........................................          20,656           21,143           22,643           +1,987           +1,500
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                           CAPITOL POLICE
 
Salaries...........................................................         374,804          378,062          379,062           +4,258           +1,000
General expenses...................................................          81,504           85,279           85,279           +3,775   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Capitol Police........................................         456,308          463,341          464,341           +8,033           +1,000
                                                                    ====================================================================================
              OFFICE OF CONGRESSIONAL WORKPLACE RIGHTS
 
Salaries and expenses..............................................           6,333            6,333            6,333   ...............  ...............
 
                    CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
 
Salaries and expenses..............................................          50,737           53,556           54,941           +4,204           +1,385
 
                   ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL [AOC]
 
Capital Construction and Operations................................         103,962          128,915          126,554          +22,592           -2,361
Capitol building...................................................          43,992           68,878           63,378          +19,386           -5,500
Capitol grounds....................................................          16,761           22,824           22,824           +6,063   ...............
Senate office buildings............................................          93,562           87,424           88,424           -5,138           +1,000
Capitol Power Plant................................................         123,050          151,225          140,225          +17,175          -11,000
    Offsetting collections.........................................          -9,000           -9,000          -10,000           -1,000           -1,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Capitol Power Plant................................         114,050          142,225          130,225          +16,175          -12,000
 
Library buildings and grounds......................................          68,525          121,346           63,646           -4,879          -57,700
Capitol police buildings, grounds and security.....................          57,714           54,966           50,316           -7,398           -4,650
Botanic Garden.....................................................          14,759           16,094           16,094           +1,335   ...............
Capitol Visitor Center.............................................          23,322           24,321           24,321             +999   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Architect of the Capitol..............................         536,647          666,993          585,782          +49,135          -81,211
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                        LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
 
Salaries and expenses..............................................         480,052          528,570          520,606          +40,554           -7,964
    Authority to spend receipts....................................          -6,000           -6,000           -6,000   ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Salaries and expenses..............................         474,052          522,570          514,606          +40,554           -7,964
 
Copyright Office, Salaries and expenses............................          93,407           92,992           91,840           -1,567           -1,152
    Authority to spend receipts....................................         -45,490          -49,703          -49,703           -4,213   ...............
    Prior year unobligated balances................................          -4,328   ...............  ...............          +4,328   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Copyright Office...................................          43,589           43,289           42,137           -1,452           -1,152
 
Congressional Research Service, Salaries and expenses..............         125,688          121,572          120,495           -5,193           -1,077
Books for the blind and physically handicapped, Salaries and                 52,783           59,646           58,563           +5,780           -1,083
 expenses..........................................................
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Library of Congress...................................         696,112          747,077          735,801          +39,689          -11,276
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                    GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE
 
Congressional publishing...........................................          79,000           79,000           79,000   ...............  ...............
Public Information Programs of the Superintendent of Documents,              32,000           31,296           31,296             -704   ...............
 Salaries and expenses.............................................
Government Publishing Office Business Operations Revolving Fund....           6,000            6,704            6,704             +704   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Government Publishing Office..........................         117,000          117,000          117,000   ...............  ...............
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                  GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE
 
Salaries and expenses..............................................         625,650          672,437          664,236          +38,586           -8,201
    Offsetting collections.........................................         -35,900          -24,800          -24,800          +11,100   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Government Accountability Office......................         589,750          647,637          639,436          +49,686           -8,201
                                                                    ====================================================================================
              OPEN WORLD LEADERSHIP CENTER TRUST FUND
 
Payment to the Open World Leadership Center (OWLC) Trust Fund......           5,600            5,800            5,900             +300             +100
 
 JOHN C. STENNIS CENTER FOR PUBLIC SERVICE TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT
 
Stennis Center for Public Service..................................             430              430              430   ...............  ...............
 
                     ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
 
Adjustments to Compensation (CBO estimate).........................          -2,000           -2,000           -2,000   ...............  ...............
                                                                    ====================================================================================
      Grand total..................................................       3,412,414        3,773,787        3,600,003         +187,589         -173,784
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