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                                                    Calendar No. 231

116th Congress}                                            { Report
                                 SENATE
 1st Session  }                                            { 116-127

======================================================================

 
  DEPARTMENTS OF COMMERCE AND JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES 
                       APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2020

                                _______
                                

               September 26, 2019.--Ordered to be printed

           Mr. Moran, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                                 REPORT

                         [To accompany S. 2584]

    The Committee on Appropriations reports the bill (S. 2584) 
making appropriations for the Departments of Commerce and 
Justice, Science, and Related Agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2020, and for other purposes, reports 
favorably thereon and recommends that the bill do pass.


 
Total obligational authority, fiscal year 2020

Total of bill as reported to the Senate\1\.............. $79,389,503,000
Amount of 2019 appropriations...........................  73,007,306,000
Amount of 2020 budget estimate..........................  72,381,233,000
Bill as recommended to Senate compared to--
    2019 appropriations.................................  +6,382,197,000
    2020 budget estimate................................  +7,008,270,000

\1\This level does not include -$8,220,503,000 in adjustments, including 
the Census cap adjustment authorized in Public Law 116-37, that the 
Congressional Budget Office scores to the bill. With these adjustments, 
the bill is consistent with the subcommittee's base discretionary 
allocation of $70,833,000,000.

                                CONTENTS

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page

Purpose of the Bill..............................................     3
Summary of the Bill..............................................     3
Fighting Waste, Fraud, and Abuse.................................     5
Reprogrammings, Reorganizations, and Relocations.................     7
Congressional Budget Justifications..............................     7
Reporting Requirements...........................................     8
Reductions-in-Force..............................................     8
Appropriations Liaisons..........................................     8
Title I: Department of Commerce..................................     9
Title II: Department of Justice..................................    71
Title III: Science...............................................   142
    Office of Science and Technology Policy......................   142
    National Space Council.......................................   144
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration................   144
    National Science Foundation..................................   162
Title IV: Related Agencies.......................................   172
    Commission on Civil Rights...................................   172
    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission......................   172
    International Trade Commission...............................   173
    Legal Services Corporation...................................   174
    Marine Mammal Commission.....................................   174
    Office of the United States Trade Representative.............   175
    State Justice Institute......................................   176
Title V: General Provisions......................................   178
Compliance With Paragraph 7, Rule XVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the 
  Senate.........................................................   181
Compliance With Paragraph 7(c) Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................   184
Compliance With Paragraph 12, Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................   185
Budgetary Impact of Bill.........................................   185
Comparative Statement of Budget Authority........................   186

                          Purpose of the Bill

    The bill provides funding for: (1) the Department of 
Commerce [DOC]; (2) the Department of Justice [DOJ]; (3) 
several independent science agencies: the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy [OSTP], the National Space Council; the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration [NASA], and the 
National Science Foundation [NSF]; and (4) several related 
commissions and agencies: the Commission on Civil Rights, the 
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission [EEOC], the United 
States International Trade Commission [ITC], the Legal Services 
Corporation [LSC], the Marine Mammal Commission, the Office of 
the United States Trade Representative [USTR], and the State 
Justice Institute [SJI].


                          Summary of the Bill

    The total amount of discretionary budget authority 
recommended by the Committee for fiscal year 2020 is 
$70,833,000,000, which is $6,715,000,000 above the fiscal year 
2019 enacted level. The Committee's recommendation is 
consistent with the allocation for the Commerce, Justice, 
Science, and Related Agencies appropriations bill, and adheres 
to the congressional budget agreement and provisions.
    While the discretionary budget authority in this bill has 
increased from the fiscal year 2019 enacted level, the 
Committee proposes to keep some of the programs and activities 
relatively flat while making strategic funding choices to 
provide enhanced resources for other activities, including the 
requirement for the Department of Commerce to conduct the 
Constitutionally-mandated Decennial Census.
    Additionally, the Committee makes available $3,177,000,000 
through the Crime Victims Fund [CVF] for victim compensation 
and victim services. In fiscal year 2018, receipts into the CVF 
fell to $444,832,000, the lowest level in 10 years and less 
than half the amount that was collected during the second 
lowest collection year. Through July 2019, receipts were below 
$460,000,000. The amount provided by the Committee is 
consistent with the 3-year average of deposits into the CVF and 
strikes the appropriate balance of providing the necessary 
resources and ensuring that the CVF has sufficient, sustainable 
balances into the future.
    The Committee has strived to achieve a careful balance 
between the competing priorities of law enforcement, national 
security, economic development, scientific research, and space 
exploration, while having limited resources.
    While the bill adopts some of the cost saving measures in 
the 2020 budget request, the Committee does not support other 
proposed cuts to core programs, such as reductions to advanced 
weather forecasting operations, research, and Science, 
Technology, Engineering, and Math education programs. The 
budget proposes to eliminate external competitive grant 
programs that are important to States and local communities 
across the Nation, which use matching funds to maximize any 
Federal investment. In contrast, the bill retains many of these 
grant programs which allow States and communities to steer 
financial priorities through a bottom-up approach instead of 
Federal agencies driving local decisions from afar. The 
Committee's decrease of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration's Procurement, Acquisition and Construction 
resources in fiscal year 2020 reflects the reduced financial 
need for flagship weather satellite programs as they are 
launched and enter the operational phase.
    The Department of Commerce is charged with addressing and 
executing several critical functions, which include: ensuring 
the effective operation of our Nation's world class weather 
satellites and forecasting severe storms; enforcing trade laws 
to ensure American businesses can compete on a level playing 
field; completing a timely and accurate Constitutionally-
required Decennial Census; working with distressed communities 
to spur economic development; and properly managing our 
Nation's fisheries.
    In preparation for the 2020 Census, the Committee proposes 
a $3,736,931,000 increase in total spending above the fiscal 
year 2019 enacted level for the Census Bureau, which is higher 
than the fiscal year 2020 budget request. This level of 
spending is required to ensure that an accurate and effective 
Census is undertaken. The data from the Census will deliver 
important information to help facilitate the distribution of 
billions in Federal funding for grants supporting States, 
counties, and municipalities, determine the population for 
congressional apportionment, and provide valuable data for 
continued economic growth.
    The Committee has made a concerted effort to spur U.S. 
economic growth both domestically and abroad through 
investments in the Economic Development Administration and our 
Nation's trade agencies such as the USTR and the ITC, as well 
as the International Trade Administration and Bureau of 
Industry and Security within the Department of Commerce. 
Together these agencies help businesses get started, compete 
internationally, and grow.
    Additionally, the changing landscape of criminal activity 
at home and abroad continues to tests the DOJ's ability to deal 
with and adapt to emerging threats. The Committee believes that 
our Federal law enforcement agencies must work collaboratively 
to focus and streamline limited resources in a manner that 
safeguards taxpayer dollars while preserving public safety. The 
Committee supports the important mission of the Department both 
at home and abroad, and expects that these additional resources 
will support the Department's proposed budget enhancements, 
infrastructure expansion, and new agent hiring. The Committee 
provides robust funding increases for the Department of 
Justice. Federal law enforcement and U.S. Attorneys received a 
3 percent increase in Salaries and Expenses funding, enabling 
the Department to hire new agents, deputy marshals, 
correctional officers, and attorneys, as well as increase and 
expand upon existing investigative technical capabilities. The 
fiscal year 2020 bill increases funding for grants to help 
State and local law enforcement protect our Nation's 
communities. Additionally, the Committee provides the 
President's Budget request for the Executive Office of 
Immigration Review, a 19.4 percent increase to provide 
resources needed to enhance productivity and address the 
backlog of more than 960,000 cases. The Committee also provides 
the necessary funding for the Bureau of Prisons to implement 
criminal justice reforms created by the First Step Act.
    For the science agencies, the Committee sought to build 
upon the advances and calculated gains made in the Consolidated 
Appropriations Act, 2019 (Public Law 116-6). The amended budget 
request proposes an ambitious plan for NASA, requesting 
resources to accelerate the goal of landing the next Americans 
on the Moon in 2024. The resources provided in this bill are 
intended to enable that goal and enhance America's leadership 
in space and science, including sending astronauts to the Moon 
and beyond. The Committee attempted to leverage resources that 
allow the accelerated timeframe to remain on pace while 
Congress awaits a detailed budget proposal from NASA. The 
Committee sought strategic increases, as well as reductions, so 
that NASA can achieve balanced and cost-effective operations. 
These efforts not only lead to scientific breakthroughs and 
technological advances, but also continue to inspire and 
harness the excitement of our Nation's future science and 
business leaders. Within NSF and the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology, the Committee recommendation supports 
administration initiatives to enhance American competitiveness 
through research in quantum computing and artificial 
intelligence.

                    Fighting Waste, Fraud, and Abuse

    The departments, agencies, boards, offices, and commissions 
funded in this bill can and should continue to reduce operating 
expenses by placing greater scrutiny on overhead costs. Savings 
can and should be achieved by reducing non-essential travel, 
office supply, rent, and utility costs. The Committee also 
calls on departments, agencies, boards, and commissions funded 
in this bill to continue to achieve savings by lowering travel 
contractor costs related to air fares. The Committee continues 
longstanding restrictions on first class travel.
    The Committee is extremely concerned about the persistent 
pattern of cost overruns and schedule slippages on major 
projects and missions carried out by the agencies within this 
bill. In addition, reports have exposed a culture within many 
agencies that exhibits a lack of accountability and oversight 
of grant funding. Therefore, the Committee has continued bill-
wide provisions to ensure greater oversight and fiscal 
responsibility of taxpayer dollars.
    First, the bill requires each agency to notify the 
Committee immediately upon identification of program cost 
overruns greater than 10 percent.
    Second, the bill requires the Inspectors General of the 
Departments of Commerce and Justice, NASA, NSF, and LSC to 
conduct reviews of grant and contract funds to ensure funds are 
being spent appropriately. For projects with persistent 
accountability issues, such as the Decennial Census and weather 
satellites, special funding is provided for additional 
Inspector General scrutiny.
    Third, the bill requires all departments and agencies to 
link all contracts that provide award fees to successful 
acquisition outcomes, and prohibits funds to pay for award or 
incentive fees for contractors with below satisfactory 
performance.
    The Committee also supports long-standing provisions that 
were once solely included in this bill but have since become 
government-wide provisions. These include: requiring each 
department, agency, board, and commission funded in this bill 
to report spending on large conferences to the Inspectors 
General for audit; requiring all departments and agencies 
funded in this bill to provide full access to documents and 
data for their respective Inspectors General to conduct 
investigations and audits; and prohibiting funds from being 
used for contracts, memoranda of understanding, cooperative 
agreements, grants, or loan activities if the proposed 
recipient has unpaid Federal tax liabilities or was convicted 
of a felony criminal violation.
    Finally, the Committee intends to continue to work with the 
Government Accountability Office [GAO] to expand the review of 
selected large-scale acquisition and construction projects. 
Specifically, the Committee directs ongoing GAO reviews of 
large NASA projects, major research equipment and facilities 
construction at the NSF, and separate reviews of the James Webb 
Space Telescope, with reports to the Committee on a biannual 
basis.
    Agencies shall provide access to all necessary data, as 
determined by GAO, in order for these reviews to be completed 
and provided to the Committee in a timely manner. The Committee 
believes that these project status reports are valuable in 
identifying cost overrun and schedule slippage problems early 
so they can be addressed immediately and has used information 
in the reviews to develop this recommendation.
    Federal Vehicle Fleet Management.--The General Services 
Administration [GSA] issues guidance on Federal fleet 
management, but the Federal vehicle fleet is decentralized, 
with each agency maintaining flexibility to manage vehicle 
utilization as appropriate. In order to provide better 
transparency and accountability of funding for Federal 
vehicles, the Committee directs agencies funded in this bill to 
conduct an annual review of fleet utilization during the third 
quarter of each fiscal year and provide their corresponding 
Offices of Inspectors General [OIGs] with supporting 
documentation on the method used for determining optimal fleet 
inventories and justification for any deviation from GSA's 
Federal Property Management Regulations. OIGs shall be 
responsible for conducting annual audits of fleet management 
practices and make the subsequent results for non-law 
enforcement sensitive agencies publicly available.
    Reducing Duplication and Improving Efficiencies.--The 
Committee directs each agency funded in this bill to report to 
the Committee, within 1 year of enactment, on all efforts made 
to address the duplication of Federal programs identified by 
annual GAO reports along with identifying substantive 
challenges and legal barriers to implementing GAO's 
recommendations and suggested legislative recommendations that 
could help the agency to further reduce duplication.

            Reprogrammings, Reorganizations, and Relocations

    Section 505, contained in the ``General Provisions'' of 
Title V, provides procedures for the reprogramming of funds. To 
reprogram is to change the use of funds from the specific 
purposes provided for in the bill and the accompanying report 
or, in the absence of direction from the Committee, from the 
specific purposes provided for in the administration's budget 
request. Each title of the bill has also traditionally included 
separate provisions that define permissible transfers of 
resources between appropriation accounts. These transfer 
authority provisions are also pursuant to section 505 and were 
initiated in the early 1990s to provide additional flexibility 
to the agencies under the subcommittee's jurisdiction.
    The Committee expects each department and agency to closely 
follow the reprogramming procedures listed in section 505. 
These procedures apply to funds provided under this bill, 
provided under previous appropriations acts that remain 
available for obligation or expenditure in fiscal year 2020, or 
provided from any accounts in the Treasury available to the 
agencies funded by this bill. Section 505 requires that the 
Committee on Appropriations be notified by letter, at least 15 
days prior to reprogramming of funds, whether permanent or 
temporary, in excess of $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is 
less, between programs, projects, or activities. Section 505 of 
this act is also applicable in cases where funding for an 
activity is reduced by 10 percent. In addition, the Committee 
is to be notified of reprogramming actions which are less than 
these amounts if such actions would have the effect of: 
committing the agency to significant funding requirements in 
future years; increasing funds or personnel by any means for 
any program, project, or activity for which funds have been 
previously denied or restricted by Congress; creating new 
programs, offices, agencies, or commissions or substantially 
augmenting existing programs, offices, agencies, or 
commissions; relocating offices or employees; or reorganizing 
offices, programs, or activities.
    The Committee also expects that any items that are subject 
to interpretation will be reported. The Committee expects that 
each department and agency funded in the bill will follow these 
notification policies precisely and will not reallocate 
resources or reorganize activities prior to submitting the 
required notifications to the Committee. Reprogramming or 
transfer requests shall be submitted only in the case of an 
unforeseen emergency or situation that could not have been 
anticipated when formulating the budget request for the current 
fiscal year.

                  Congressional Budget Justifications

    The Committee directs that all departments and agencies 
funded within this bill shall submit all of their fiscal year 
2021 budget justifications concurrently with the official 
submission of the administration's budget to Congress. Further, 
all departments and agencies with classified programs funded 
within this act are directed to submit their classified budget 
justification documents to the Committee, through appropriate 
means, at the same time the unclassified budget justifications 
are transmitted.
    These justifications shall include a sufficient level of 
detailed data, exhibits, and explanatory statements to support 
the appropriations requests, including tables that outline each 
agency's programs, projects, and activities for fiscal years 
2020 and 2021. For example, when requesting an enhancement of 
resources, the justification should detail the existing program 
and what the new resources would buy. The Committee directs the 
chief financial officer of each department or agency funded in 
this act's jurisdiction to ensure that adequate justification 
is given to each increase, decrease, and staffing and function 
change proposed in the fiscal year 2021 budget, particularly 
within the departmental operations and management accounts.
    The Committee expects that the fiscal year 2021 submissions 
will include sufficient detail to justify all programs, 
projects, and activities contained in each department, agency, 
office, or commission budget request. Budget justifications are 
prepared not for the use of the agencies but are the primary 
tool of the Committee to evaluate the resource requirements and 
proposals requested by the administration.

                         Reporting Requirements

    The Committee directs the departments and agencies funded 
in this bill to submit reports by the deadlines detailed herein 
or to provide advance notification if there is sufficient 
reason why deadlines cannot be met, along with the expected 
date of submission.
    The Committee also recognizes that some enduring reporting 
requirements from previous Appropriations laws may no longer be 
necessary for Congressional oversight purposes. In the interest 
of reducing government waste and expediting responses to 
current report mandates, each department or agency is invited 
to submit a list of reporting requirements that it considers 
outdated or no longer relevant for the review of the Committees 
on Appropriations. Any list submitted for review shall cite the 
original authority as well as a justification for eliminating 
each reporting requirement.

                          Reductions-in-Force

    The Committee directs departments or agencies funded in the 
accompanying bill that are planning to conduct a reduction-in-
force to notify the Committee in writing 30 days in advance of 
the date of the proposed personnel action.

                        Appropriations Liaisons

    The Committee prefers to channel the majority of its 
inquiries and requests for information and assistance through 
the budget offices or comptroller offices of the departments 
and agencies which it oversees but reserves the right to call 
upon any individual or organization in any agency under its 
jurisdiction.

                                TITLE I

                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

    The Committee recommends a total of $15,197,249,000 for the 
Department of Commerce [DOC]. The recommendation is 
$3,783,372,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$2,721,916,000 above the budget request.
    The DOC is responsible for a variety of activities critical 
to our Nation's well-being, including economic development, 
intellectual property protection, standards and measurements, 
trade enforcement, weather forecasting, and fisheries 
management. Our Nation relies on the Department to maintain 
America's competitiveness within today's foreign markets while 
promoting and expanding international trade opportunities. The 
Department brings together a diverse set of bureaus, 
specialized experts, research laboratories, and applied 
technology programs to support and expand opportunities for 
growth in the private sector. Few departments have such 
potential to directly impact the strength and sustainability of 
our communities and local businesses.

                   International Trade Administration


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $495,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     471,096,000
Committee recommendation................................     521,250,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $521,250,000 for 
the International Trade Administration [ITA]. The 
recommendation is $26,250,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $50,154,000 above the budget request. The 
discretionary appropriation is offset by $11,000,000 in fee 
collections.
    Offsetting Fee Collections.--ITA shall continue to identify 
and include an accurate assessment of expected fee collections 
and corresponding expenditures in both its fiscal year 2020 
spending plan and in its fiscal year 2021 budget request.
    Global Markets [GM].--The Committee is deeply frustrated 
with ITA's execution of its appropriations in fiscal years 
2017, 2018, and 2019. Despite the Committee providing clear 
guidance in each fiscal year that rejected all proposed cuts 
within GM, including cuts to staffing, ITA has instead reduced 
GM staffing levels and reinvested funding provided for 
compensation object classes in non-compensation object classes. 
Further, upon investigation into this issue it is clear that 
there are serious issues with ITA's accounting regarding the 
number of positions and vacancies within GM, including for the 
U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service [US&FCS]. This is 
unacceptable and the Committee expects the Department to better 
oversee ITA and its budget execution.
    The Committee provides $335,250,000 for GM and again 
rejects all proposed funding and staffing cuts for GM. Within 
the funding provided for GM, ITA is directed to spend no less 
than $130,000,000 on employee compensation, object class 11. At 
this funding level, the Committee will not approve any requests 
to close foreign or domestic offices, including U.S. Export 
Assistance Centers.
    Further, the Committee directs ITA to brief the Committee 
no later than 10 days after the end of each fiscal quarter on 
the previous quarter's obligations, by object class; the 
planned obligations, by object class, for the current and 
ensuing quarters; and staffing levels within GM, including a 
breakout of Foreign Service Officers, Locally Engaged Staff, 
and U.S. field staff.
    Adjustments to Base [ATB].--The increased funding provided 
shall be used to cover the requested ATB costs, among other 
programmatic increases highlighted herein.
    Industry and Analysis.--The Committee provides the 
requested program changes for Industry and Analysis to 
implement the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act 
of 2018 (Public Law 115-232) and for increased analytical 
capabilities.
    Trade Enforcement.--The Committee provides $1,000,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level for the Office of 
Enforcement and Compliance to establish a dedicated anti-
circumvention and duty evasion enforcement unit. ITA should 
make enforcement of antidumping and countervailing duties [AD/
CVD] a priority, including thoroughly investigating dumping and 
subsidies causing injury to domestic businesses and 
expeditiously reducing trade remedy case backlogs.
    Additionally, the Committee is supportive of the 
Departments efforts to self-initiate AD/CVD cases, as is 
authorized under current law. The process of preparing and 
filing a petition is time-consuming and expensive and, 
frequently, industry has already suffered injury in order to 
meet the statutory standard for initiating an AD/CVD 
investigation. ITA is encouraged to use funding under 
Enforcement and Compliance to provide direct assistance to 
industries in support of self-initiated cases and other AD/CVD 
enforcement.
    Trade Fraud and Evasion.--The Committee encourages ITA to 
coordinate with appropriate agencies, such as Customs and 
Border Protection, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the 
International Trade Commission, and the Departments of Justice 
and State, in order to report to the Committee on legislative 
remedies that may be needed to support U.S. Government-wide 
efforts to combat trade fraud and evasion.
    Additionally, the Committee notes that funding formerly 
requested for the Interagency Trade Enforcement Center has been 
moved from ITA to the Office of the United States Trade 
Representative for the Interagency Center on Trade 
Implementation, Monitoring, and Enforcement, following passage 
of the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 
(Public Law 114-125). As such, no funds are provided for these 
activities in ITA, but ITA shall continue to collaborate with 
all other Federal trade agencies to ensure U.S. trade laws and 
agreements are enforced fairly.
    Foreign Business Investment in the United States.--While 
the Committee supports the goals of SelectUSA, it believes that 
promoting job-creating business investment in the United States 
is best achieved through the traditional, localized approaches 
to engagement, such as those facilitated by US&FCS. Therefore, 
the Committee directs ITA to transition all funding provided 
for SelectUSA to begin supporting Foreign Service Officers and 
Locally Engaged Staff located in foreign countries likely to 
garner foreign direct investment. In choosing where to fund 
additional local engagement, ITA shall leverage the knowledge 
gained from previous SelectUSA summits and events.
    Capture and Trade Enforcement.--The Committee has long 
supported and valued the importance of trade enforcement for 
ensuring American businesses and products can enter the global 
marketplace on a level playing field. The objectivity of trade 
officials at ITA is essential for successful trade enforcement 
. The Committee is aware that the nature of trade enforcement 
activities involves the risk of ``capture,'' which is the 
process in which regulating officials begin to identify with 
regulated parties. Capture is often unintentional and develops 
over long periods of time, but can significantly influence 
regulators' decisionmaking. The Committee directs ITA to ensure 
that the policies and procedures the agency has in place to 
prevent capture of its Enforcement and Compliance employees are 
followed.
    Survey of International Air Travelers [SIAT].--The 
Committee provides $3,000,000 for ITA to fund SIAT. Within 
funds provided, ITA is encouraged to increase the sample size 
for SIAT.
    General Data Protection Regulation.--The Committee urges 
ITA to continue its efforts to educate small businesses about 
the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation [GDPR]. 
The Committee is concerned that small businesses may be unaware 
of their compliance obligations as a result of GDPR and could 
be vulnerable to fines and significant financial risk. The 
Committee encourages ITA to work with Federal, State, and local 
partners to raise awareness about GDPR obligations on American 
small businesses.
    Rural Export Assistance.--The Committee encourages the 
Secretary to continue to prioritize the Department's efforts to 
support and expand international trade opportunities for rural 
businesses. An additional $1,000,000 is provided within Global 
Markets to further its existing rural export assistance 
capabilities, including providing customized market research, 
analysis, and planning to encourage and assist rural companies 
to offer their products internationally.

                    Bureau of Industry and Security


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $118,050,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     127,652,000
Committee recommendation................................     127,652,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $127,652,000 for 
the Bureau of Industry and Security [BIS]. The recommendation 
is $9,602,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
equal to the budget request.
    BIS is the principal agency involved in the development, 
implementation, and enforcement of export controls for 
commercial technologies and for many military technologies as a 
result of export control reform. The Export Enforcement 
Division detects, prevents, investigates, and assists in the 
sanctioning of illegal exports of such items.
    Adjustments to Base.--The increased funding provided shall 
be used to cover the requested ATB costs, among other 
programmatic increases highlighted herein
    The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States 
[CFIUS].--The Committee is cognizant of the expected increase 
in the CFIUS caseload as a result of the passage of the Foreign 
Investment Risk Review Modernization Act of 2018 (Public Law 
115-232) and provides the requested increase to hire eight 
additional staff.
    Emerging Technologies.--The Export Control Reform Act of 
2018 (Public Law 115-232) requires BIS to take a more active 
role assessing national security implications of exporting 
emerging technologies. The Committee provides the requested 
increase for these operations.
    Export Control Regulatory Compliance Assistance.--The 
Committee directs BIS to continue its exporter outreach program 
to educate companies of all sizes on their obligations related 
to export controls. In this effort, BIS should continue 
targeting small- and medium-sized businesses and working with 
State and local trade and export associations, in addition to 
working with national industry groups, to ensure that small- 
and medium-sized businesses have clear, easy-to-understand 
information about complying with export control regulations.
    Section 232 Exclusion Requests.--The Committee provides no 
less than the fiscal year 2019 enacted amount for contractor 
support to continue to support the product exclusion process 
for articles covered by actions taken under section 232 of the 
Trade Expansion Act of 1962 (19 U.S.C. 1862). The Committee 
encourages the Department to continue negotiations with 
international trading partners to lift the existing section 232 
tariffs and avoid implementing additional tariffs. If funding 
for the product exclusion process becomes no longer necessary, 
BIS shall report to the Committee on how any unobligated funds 
will be expended, 30 days prior to obligation.
    The Department shall continue to provide quarterly reports 
to the Committee, due not later than 15 days after the end of 
each quarter, on the implementation of the exclusion process. 
The reports shall include: (a) the number of exclusion requests 
received; (b) the number of exclusion requests approved and 
denied; (c) the status of efforts to assist small- and medium-
sized businesses in navigating the exclusion process; (d) 
Department-wide staffing levels by Bureau for the exclusion 
process, including information on any staff detailed to 
complete this task; and (e) Department-wide funding by source 
appropriation and object class for costs undertaken to process 
the exclusions.
    Sanction Violations.--The Committee directs BIS to provide 
a report no later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this act, and not less frequently than every 90 days 
thereafter, on the compliance of ZTE Corporation with: (a) the 
conditions set forth in paragraph 3 of the settlement agreement 
during the 10-year probationary period, and (b) all sanctions 
and export control laws of the United States and all licenses 
and orders issued by the Federal Government.

                  Economic Development Administration

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $304,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      29,950,000
Committee recommendation................................     319,500,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $319,500,000 for 
the Economic Development Administration [EDA]. The 
recommendation is $15,500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $289,550,000 above the budget request.
    EDA provides grants to local governments and nonprofit 
agencies for public works, planning, and other projects 
designed to facilitate economic development. The Committee 
directs EDA to coordinate with regional development 
organizations to support projects that will address some of the 
pressing issues that challenge rural economic development, 
including the opioid epidemic, inequities in broadband access, 
and the need for innovation in legacy industries, including in 
the use and value-added manufacturing of forest products. 
Funding amounts for the two appropriations accounts under this 
heading are displayed below. Funding amounts for the two 
appropriations accounts under this heading are displayed below.

                ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $265,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................................
Committee recommendation................................     279,500,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $279,500,000 for 
Economic Development Assistance Programs. The recommendation is 
$14,500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$279,500,000 above the budget request. EDA is directed to focus 
on its core programs and mission to aid the most distressed 
communities across the country. The Committee expects EDA to 
use all available carryover and prior year recoveries to the 
maximum extent possible. EDA shall consider geographic equity 
in making all award decisions and shall ensure that rural 
projects are adequately represented among those selected for 
funding. Of the amounts provided, funds are to be distributed 
as follows, and any deviation shall be subject to the 
procedures set forth in section 505 of this act:

                ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Committee
                                                          recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Works............................................         119,500
Economic Adjustment Assistance..........................          37,000
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms...................          13,000
Regional Innovation Program.............................          31,000
Partnership Planning....................................          33,000
Technical Assistance....................................           9,500
Research and Evaluation.................................           1,500
Assistance to Coal Communities..........................          30,000
Assistance to Nuclear Closure Communities...............           5,000
                                                         ---------------
      Total.............................................         279,500
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Broadband Projects.--EDA funding provided under Public 
Works, Economic Adjustment Assistance, and other programs may 
be used to support broadband infrastructure projects. High-
speed broadband is critical to help communities attract new 
industries and strengthen and grow local economies. EDA is 
encouraged to prioritize unserved areas. EDA shall continue to 
submit annual updates to the Committee describing the number 
and value of broadband projects supported.
    Outdoor Recreation Projects.--The Committee notes that 
projects supporting outdoor recreation are a catalyst for 
economic development and should be eligible for EDA funding. 
EDA is encouraged to consider such projects when consistent 
with a region's Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy.
    Economic Adjustment Assistance [EAA].--EAA is EDA's most 
flexible economic development program, which provides access to 
appropriate funding for everything from disaster recovery to 
business accelerators and incubators. Within funding for EAA, 
the Committee provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level to support EDA's collaborations with the Delta 
Regional Authority, the Appalachian Regional Commission, and 
the Northern Border Regional Commission to assist distressed 
communities. Eligible activities for the Northern Border 
Regional Commission collaboration shall contribute to the 
recovery of forest-based economies, and may include support for 
forest-based businesses, outdoor recreation infrastructure, and 
activities that assist in the recruitment and retention of 
employees in rural communities within the territory.
    Regional Innovation Program [RIP].--The Committee provides 
$31,000,000 to EDA for grants under RIP as authorized under the 
Revitalize American Manufacturing and Innovation Act of 2014 
(Public Law 113-235). RIP awards competitive grants to regional 
entities in support of innovation and entrepreneurship. EDA 
shall continue to ensure that RIP awards go to multiple 
grantees in multiple and diverse geographic areas, including an 
increased focus on organizations and States that have not 
previously received funding from the program. Furthermore, 
within funds provided for RIP, EDA shall award not less than 40 
percent of grants to support rural communities.
    University-Based Business Incubators.--Within funding 
provided under RIP, the Committee directs EDA to invest in 
university-based, high-tech business incubators to encourage 
entrepreneurship and promote technology commercialization 
through business startups. Funding awards should include 
support for incubator projects where Federal labs and 
universities are collaborating to stimulate commercialization 
of research. Furthermore, this activity should support private-
public partnerships for economic growth and job creation in 
areas of high unemployment.
    New Forest Products.--The Committee notes that many forest-
based economies have experienced disruption and decline in 
recent years. EDA is encouraged to work, including through RIP, 
with communities and regions that have been adversely impacted 
by rapid changes in the timber and pulp marketplaces and to 
support projects that help these communities develop related 
industries, including commercialization of new forest products 
using low-grade wood. This work may include the coordination of 
economic development efforts across multiple States or Economic 
Development Districts. Additionally, the Committee reiterates 
that communities facing job losses are eligible for all EDA 
programs.
    Aeronautics.--The Committee encourages EDA to consider 
economic development opportunities in communities looking to 
expand or bolster the presence of aeronautics related 
industries, which are a key driver of economic development in 
communities across the Nation.
    Spatial Analysis and Planning.--In areas with aging 
infrastructure built prior to accurate records, it is often 
difficult and expensive to map out and assess the existing 
infrastructure and identify where EDA Public Works and Economic 
Adjustment Assistance is most needed. Geographic Information 
Systems [GIS] can provide spatial analysis, maps, reports, and 
other data to support economic development and planning 
activities. Many regional planning and development 
organizations are heavily reliant on EDA assistance to help 
fund these activities, but EDA Partnership Planning grants are 
often not enough to both hire full-time GIS staff and purchase 
necessary software. Within funds provided for the Partnership 
Planning and Technical Assistance programs, the Committee 
encourages EDA to consider assistance to rural and underserved 
planning and development organizations to support GIS efforts 
to identify projects that attract jobs and private investment.
    Assistance to Nuclear Power Plant Closure Communities.--The 
Committee provides EDA $5,000,000 to assist communities 
affected by loss of tax revenue and job loss due to nuclear 
power plant closures through support for early-stage strategic 
planning activities and economic development projects.
    Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math 
Apprenticeships.--The Committee notes that over the past 
decade, the growth in jobs requiring sophisticated STEM skills 
was three times faster than growth in non-STEM jobs. Yet, U.S. 
employers have struggled to fill jobs in these fields. Because 
more than 50 percent of jobs that require STEM skills do not 
require a bachelor's degree, nontraditional higher education, 
such as apprenticeships, will be instrumental in meeting the 
urgent demand for a STEM-literate workforce. The Committee 
encourages EDA to provide grants to communities to create and 
expand STEM apprenticeship and other workforce training models, 
as directed in section 312 of the American Innovation and 
Competitiveness Act, (Public Law 114-329).
    Investing in Manufacturing Communities Partnership Program 
[IMCP].--The Committee notes that no funding has been requested 
and no funding is provided for the IMCP for fiscal year 2020.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $39,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      29,950,000
Committee recommendation................................      40,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $40,000,000 for 
salaries and expenses. The recommendation is $1,000,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $10,050,000 above the 
budget request.
    The Committee is concerned by the number of vacancies at 
EDA, particularly in its six regional offices. The Department 
is reminded that budget requests to Congress do not supersede 
current appropriations, and the Committee directs EDA to 
expedite its efforts to fill all outstanding vacancies 
regardless of any current or future budget requests.

                  Minority Business Development Agency


                     MINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $40,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      10,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      40,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $40,000,000 for the 
Minority Business Development Agency [MBDA]. The recommendation 
is equal to the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and is 
$30,000,000 above the budget request. MBDA is the only Federal 
agency dedicated to promoting the growth of minority-owned 
firms and assists small, medium, and large minority business 
enterprises to increase revenues and create jobs. The Committee 
directs MBDA to allocate $24,500,000 of its total appropriation 
toward cooperative agreements, external awards, and grants, 
including not less than $13,000,000 to continue MBDA's 
traditional Business Center program and Specialty Project 
Center program. The bill includes language regarding overhead 
costs.
    Hiring.--The Committee is concerned by the nearly 20 
percent vacancy rate at MBDA. The Committee directs MBDA to 
expedite its efforts to fill all outstanding vacancies.
    Business Centers.--The Committee directs MBDA to operate at 
least one Business Center in each State with a plurality or a 
majority population of a national minority group.
    Broad Agency Announcement [BAA].--The Committee provides 
not less than $6,000,000 for MBDA to continue its BAA program 
in fiscal year 2020. MBDA is directed to focus awards on 
innovation and entrepreneurship, formerly incarcerated persons, 
global women's empowerment, virtual business development, and 
access to finance.
    Indian Tribes.--The Committee provides not less than 
$3,000,000 for MBDA to award grants to tribes and American 
Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian populations to 
address barriers to economic development. MBDA shall continue 
full implementation of Public Laws 106-447 and 106-464 and to 
fulfill the mission of the Office of Native American Business 
Development.

                   Economic and Statistical Analysis


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $101,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     107,990,000
Committee recommendation................................     107,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $107,000,000 for 
Economic and Statistical Analysis [ESA]. The recommendation is 
$6,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$990,000 below the budget request. ESA conducts research to 
provide a better understanding of the U.S. economy, which helps 
the Government make more informed policy decisions.
    Outdoor Recreation Satellite Account.--The Committee 
recognizes the national economic importance of the outdoor 
recreation industry. No less than $1,500,000 is provided to 
continue implementing the Outdoor Recreation Jobs and Economic 
Impact Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-249) in fiscal year 2020. 
The Committee directs the Department to continue working with 
the outdoor recreation industry, nongovernmental organizations, 
and other interested stakeholders to refine the national-level 
statistics and to develop new regional statistics.
    Income Growth Indicators.--The Committee provides the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis [BEA] $1,000,000 to develop income 
growth indicators, including providing annual reports about how 
incomes grow in each decile of the income distribution. BEA is 
directed to report the latest available estimates of these 
measures in calendar year 2020.
    Puerto Rico Economic Statistics.--The absence of accurate 
information regarding Puerto Rico's economic output and growth 
has made it challenging for relevant policymakers and 
stakeholders to make informed policy and business decisions. 
Therefore, the Committee provides not less than $2,000,000 for 
BEA to produce Gross Domestic Product estimates for Puerto 
Rico.

                          Bureau of the Census

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $3,821,388,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   6,149,405,000
Committee recommendation................................   7,558,319,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $7,558,319,000 for 
the Census Bureau. The recommendation is $3,736,931,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $1,408,914,000 above the 
budget request.

                      CURRENT SURVEYS AND PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $270,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     264,005,000
Committee recommendation................................     274,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $274,000,000 for 
current surveys and programs. The recommendation is $4,000,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $9,995,000 above 
the budget request. This account provides for the salaries and 
expenses associated with the statistical programs of the Bureau 
of the Census, including measurement of the Nation's economy 
and the demographic characteristics of the population.

                     PERIODIC CENSUSES AND PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $3,551,388,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   5,885,400,000
Committee recommendation................................   7,284,319,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $7,284,319,000 for 
periodic censuses and programs. The recommendation is 
$3,732,931,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$1,398,919,000 above the budget request. A $2,500,000,000 cap 
adjustment provided by the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2019 
(Public Law 116-37) is included in the total.
    This account provides for the constitutionally mandated 
Decennial Census as well as other cyclical programs. 
Additionally, individual surveys are conducted for other 
Federal agencies on a reimbursable basis.
    2020 Decennial Census.--The Committee provides 
$6,696,000,000, which is $1,398,963,000 above the amount 
requested for the 2020 Decennial Census for fiscal year 2020. 
The Committee has consistently advocated for the Bureau to use 
its resources to execute a cost effective and accurate 
Decennial census. To do this, the Bureau must now focus its 
efforts on minimizing non-response follow-up work through early 
communication of the importance of filling out Census forms and 
ensuring that personnel training and information technology 
[IT] systems will be prepared for conducting the Census in 
2020.
    Oversight of Periodic Census Programs.--The Committee's 
recommendation provides $3,556,000 for the OIG to continue 
oversight and audits of periodic censuses and to provide the 
Bureau and Congress with independent recommendations for 
improving operations, which will be useful for oversight of the 
2020 Decennial Census. The Committee directs the Bureau to 
follow the OIG's recommendations.
    Quarterly Status Reports.--The Census Bureau is directed to 
continue its quarterly status reports to the Committee as it 
prepares for, and executes, the 2020 Decennial Census. These 
quarterly reports are intended to keep the Committee informed 
of the progress in executing the Bureau's plans, to identify 
ongoing and emerging risks, and to provide early warnings when 
goals and cost schedules are not being achieved.
    The Committee expects the Department, the Bureau, and the 
Inspector General to keep the Committee regularly apprised of 
the ongoing efforts to prepare for, and execute, the 2020 
Decennial Census beyond the regular quarterly status reports. 
The Committee notes that GAO again included the 2020 Decennial 
Census to its High Risk List and directs the Bureau to 
diligently work on addressing the risks that have been 
identified.
    Cybersecurity.--The Committee is concerned with the status 
of the Census Bureau's cybersecurity preparations and directs 
the Census Bureau to fully implement recommendations and 
address concerns outlined in GAO's 2019 High Risk List and GAO-
18-655. The Committee directs the Census Bureau to coordinate 
with the Department of Homeland Security, other relevant 
Federal agencies, and State and local stakeholders, to prevent 
and disrupt cyber intrusions and disinformation campaigns.
    Undercounting.--The Committee recognizes the difficulty the 
Bureau has in counting people in historically hard-to-count 
areas and believes that local community efforts are essential 
to ensure an accurate count. The Committee encourages the 
Bureau to partner with communities on innovative approaches to 
ensure an accurate Census. The Committee also directs the 
Census Bureau to ensure that the current decennial 
questionnaire and the impact of new enumeration methods do not 
negatively affect demographic groups identified in its 2010 
Census Coverage Measurement Survey as undercounted.
    Internet Self-Response.--The Committee urges the Census 
Bureau to conduct outreach to public libraries and other 
community technology centers to ensure that they are fully 
informed about the Internet self-response option for the 2020 
Decennial Census and are equipped to support residents in 
Census participation. The Bureau should work with libraries, in 
coordination with the Institute of Museum and Library Services, 
as part of the overall strategy to maximize survey response.
    Partnership and Communications Activities.--The Committee 
notes that partnership and communication activities are 
essential to build trust in the Census Bureau and to increase 
response rates. Investing in partnership and communication 
activities can reduce the overall cost of conducting the 2020 
Decennial Census. By helping increase self-response rates, 
there is a reduced need for additional non-response follow-up. 
As part of the communications strategy, the Committee directs 
the Census Bureau to execute its Mobile Response Initiative to 
increase the visibility of the 2020 Decennial Census, and to 
ensure that its partnership and communications activities in 
support of the 2020 Decennial Census are conducted at no less 
than the level of effort and staffing that was utilized in 
preparation for the 2010 Decennial Census when accounting for 
inflation.
    Targeted Outreach Campaign in 2018 End-to-End Test 
Location.--The Committee directs the Census Bureau to conduct 
an outreach campaign in the location of the 2018 End-to-End 
Census Test, in addition to its ordinary outreach activities as 
part of the Decennial Census. The Committee has heard reports 
that residents of the site of the End-to-End Test believe that 
they have already submitted their information for the 2020 
Decennial Census as a result of participation in the test. As a 
result, the Committee is concerned that without a targeted 
outreach campaign, many residents will not self-respond.
    American Community Survey [ACS].--The Committee supports 
the ACS and directs the Bureau to continue using the ACS as a 
testbed for innovative survey and data processing techniques 
that can be used across the Bureau. The Committee notes that 
ACS is often the primary or only source of data available to 
state, local, and Federal agencies that need adequate 
information on a wide range of topics. The data provided is 
especially important to small towns and rural areas across the 
country, and the Bureau should ensure that rural areas are 
covered with the same accuracy as urban areas to the maximum 
extent practicable. The Committee further expects the Bureau to 
continue providing updates to the Committee on efforts to 
evaluate and, where possible, to reduce the number of questions 
included in the ACS, and the steps being taken to ensure that 
the ACS is conducted as efficiently and unobtrusively as 
possible.

       National Telecommunications and Information Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $39,500,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      42,441,000
Committee recommendation................................      42,441,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $42,441,000 for 
National Telecommunications and Information Administration 
[NTIA] salaries and expenses. The recommendation is $2,941,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal to the 
budget request.
    The Committee retains language from previous years allowing 
the Secretary to collect reimbursements from other Federal 
agencies for a portion of the cost resulting from the 
coordination of spectrum management, analysis, and operations. 
NTIA shall submit a report to the Committee no later than June 
1, 2020, detailing the collection of reimbursements from other 
agencies.
    Next Generation Broadband in Rural Areas.--The Committee 
recognizes that access to broadband in all communities across 
the Nation is essential for improving economic growth, 
education and job creation, civic engagement, public safety and 
health, global competitiveness, and a better quality of life. 
The Committee remains concerned that advanced broadband 
technologies have not been sufficiently deployed in rural areas 
of the Nation and encourages NTIA to coordinate with other 
relevant Federal agencies to identify and pursue policies that 
enable effective and efficient broadband deployment nationwide 
while advancing next-generation technologies, such as 5G 
networks.
    National Broadband Map Augmentation.--The Committee 
provides up to $7,500,000 to continue work modernizing the 
national broadband availability map in coordination with the 
Federal Communications Commission [FCC] and looks forward to an 
update on NTIA's efforts so far. The Committee directs NTIA to 
engage actively with rural and tribal communities to further 
enhance the accuracy of the national broadband availability 
map. Additionally, NTIA should include in its fiscal year 2021 
budget request an update on rural- and tribal-related broadband 
availability and access trends, challenges, and Federal actions 
to achieve equitable access to broadband services by currently 
underserved communities throughout the Nation. Furthermore, the 
Committee encourages NTIA, in coordination with the FCC, to 
develop and promulgate a standardized process for collecting 
data from State and local partners.
    Federal Spectrum Management.--The Committee directs NTIA to 
continue to evaluate options for repurposing spectrum for 
broadband in support of making 500 megahertz [MHz] of spectrum 
available for wireless broadband use. NTIA shall also provide 
the Committee with annual updates on the progress in making 500 
MHz of spectrum available for commercial mobile use, including 
the strategy for freeing up additional spectrum from Federal 
agencies.
    Spectrum Management for Science.--Preserving access to key 
portions of radio spectrum important for radio astronomy 
observations and other scientific uses is essential for 
scientific discovery. The Committee encourages NTIA, in 
coordination with the FCC and other appropriate stakeholders, 
to continue ensuring spectrum access for scientific activities. 
The Committee requests a report from NTIA within 180 days after 
enactment of this act on the coordination efforts underway.
    Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers 
[ICANN].--The Committee directs NTIA to remain a strong 
advocate for American companies, consumers, and government 
interests through its participation within the Governmental 
Advisory Committee and other mechanisms within ICANN. The 
Committee directs NTIA to ensure that the principles of 
accountability, transparency, security, and stability of the 
Internet are protected for consumers, businesses, and 
Government users. NTIA shall report semiannually to the 
Committee on adopted ICANN policies, including whether or not 
NTIA supported any changes, and to report on any changes that 
affect the .gov, .mil, .edu, and .us domains.
    Policy and Technical Training.--The Committee encourages 
NTIA to work with the FCC and the Department of State to 
provide support for activities provided under section 7 of 
Public Law 98-549. As part of these activities, NTIA may 
provide assistance and guidance in policy and technical 
training to impart best practices to information technology 
professionals from developing countries.
    Crowd-Sourced Data.--The Committee recognizes that crowd 
sourced data from state and local governments, consumer-
initiated speed tests, and commercial data sets can play an 
important role in validating Federal broadband availability 
data. The Committee directs NTIA to submit a report within 180 
days of enactment of this act about the feasibility of 
implementing a public feedback mechanism to collect this kind 
of data to improve broadband coverage maps and data.
    FirstNet.--The bill includes continued funding for the 
Department's Inspector General for the purposes of oversight 
and accountability of FirstNet through the end of fiscal year 
2020.

    PUBLIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES, PLANNING, AND CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee provides bill language allowing NTIA to 
continue oversight and administration of previously awarded 
grants. NTIA shall not use unobligated balances to award new 
grants.

               United States Patent and Trademark Office


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $3,370,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   3,450,681,000
Committee recommendation................................   3,450,681,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $3,450,681,000 for 
the United States Patent and Trademark Office [USPTO], which is 
$80,681,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal 
to the budget request, to be derived from offsetting fee 
collections. Since fiscal year 2005, the Committee has refused 
to divert patent fees to other purposes.
    USPTO examines patent applications, grants patent 
protection for qualified inventions, and disseminates 
technological information disclosed in patents. USPTO also 
examines trademark applications and provides Federal 
registration to owners of qualified trademarks.
    Budget Execution.--The Committee continues to allow USPTO 
full access to patent and trademark fees and provides bill 
language allowing USPTO to retain any revenue in excess of 
appropriated levels.
    Transfer to Office of Inspector General [OIG].--The 
Committee provides $2,000,000 for OIG to continue oversight and 
audits of USPTO operations and budget transparency, and USPTO 
is directed to work with the Department to implement all OIG 
recommendations.
    Reprogramming and Spend Plan.--USPTO shall follow the 
reprogramming procedures outlined in section 505 of this act 
before using excess fee collections to forward fund expenses 
beyond fiscal year 2020.
    Intellectual Property [IP] Attaches.--The Committee is 
concerned that USPTO's IP attaches may not have adequate access 
to their foreign government counterparts and are not 
consistently involved in Embassy or consulate conversations 
regarding intellectual property matters. The Secretary is 
directed to work with USPTO, the US&FCS, and the Department of 
State to ensure that the attaches are appropriately utilized, 
including in discussions and negotiations at the Counselor rank 
and above.
    Intellectual Property Theft.--The Committee is concerned 
with the growing theft of IP by and on behalf of foreign 
government actors, especially by China as made clear in the 
United States Trade Representative's Section 301 Investigative 
report, ``Technology: Protecting America's Competitive Edge.'' 
The Committee urges USPTO to work with all relevant agencies to 
protect U.S. IP through education, outreach, foreign IP 
attaches, and ongoing trade negotiations.

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $985,500,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................  \1\667,581,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,038,000,000

\1\Does not includes the legislative proposal for Construction of 
Research Facilities, proposed in the fiscal year 2020 budget submission.

    The Committee's recommendation provides $1,038,000,000 for 
the National Institute of Standards and Technology [NIST]. The 
recommendation is $52,500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $370,419,000 above the budget request. Up to 
$9,000,000 may be transferred from the Scientific and Technical 
Research and Services account to the Working Capital Fund.
    NIST's mission is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial 
competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, 
and technology in ways that enhance economic security and 
improve our quality of life.

             SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL RESEARCH AND SERVICES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $724,500,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     611,719,000
Committee recommendation................................     753,500,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $753,500,000 for 
NIST Scientific and Technical Research and Services [STRS]. The 
recommendation is $29,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $141,781,000 above the budget request. The 
Committee directs NIST to provide a detailed spending plan for 
NIST's highest priority laboratory programs describing 
resources used for each program, project, or activity.
    The Committee rejects the proposed terminations and 
reductions for the following STRS programs: Advanced 
Manufacturing and Material Measurements; Fundamental 
Measurement, Quantum Science, and Measurement Dissemination; 
Advanced Communications, Networks, and Scientific Data Systems; 
Biological Science and Health Measurements; Environmental 
Measurements; Time and Fundamental Measurement Dissemination; 
the Fire Research Grants Program; the Special Programs Office; 
the Standards Coordination Office; NIST Center of Excellence 
Program; and NIST User Facilities. The Committee adopts the 
proposal regarding Disaster Resilience Research Grants Program.
    Cybersecurity.--The Committee is aware of the Nation's 
growing need for a trained cybersecurity workforce and directs 
that no less than the fiscal year 2019 level is provided for 
cybersecurity research, outreach, industry partnerships, and 
other activities at NIST, including the National Cybersecurity 
Center of Excellence. Within the funds provided, the Committee 
encourages NIST to fund additional university system-led State 
and regional alliances and partnerships to focus on meeting the 
demand for a trained cybersecurity workforce, with a priority 
being placed on areas with a high concentration of Department 
of Defense, automotive, and health care related industries.
    Industrial Internet of Things [IIoT].--The Committee 
provides no less than $2,000,000 for the continued development 
of an IIoT cybersecurity research initiative and to partner, as 
appropriate, with academic entities and industry to improve the 
sustainable security of IIoT devices in industrial settings, 
including new designs, protocols, algorithms, system 
architectures, identity and lifecycle strategies, and system 
hardware features, as well as proposed security standards. This 
proposed research will account for human, technical, and 
economic dimensions. These advanced strategies should couple 
computer science and engineering, psychology, economics, 
cryptography, and network research to deliver significant 
mitigations and options for industrial adoption, as well as 
guidance to consumers and industry on how to manage and utilize 
these devices consistent with best security practices.
    Quantum Information Science [QIS].--The Committee 
recognizes the urgent need to advance U.S. QIS capabilities, 
and the critical role that NIST plays in this effort. The 
Committee commends NIST for establishing the Quantum Economic 
Development Consortium, as authorized by the National Quantum 
Initiative Act (Public Law 115-368), in fiscal year 2019, and 
directs NIST to provide the Committee with the report called 
for in Section 201(b)(3) of Public Law 115-368. The Committee 
provides $10,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level 
to further implement the National Quantum Initiative Act.
    Forensic Sciences.--The Committee provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 amount for forensic science research. 
Additionally, the Committee provides $3,000,000 to support the 
Organization of Scientific Area Committees and $1,000,000 to 
support technical merit evaluations.
    Helmet Safety.--The Committee is aware of scientific data 
that demonstrates a correlation between football-related 
collisions and concussions, as well as other traumatic brain 
injuries that can lead to debilitating neural diseases such as 
dementia and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. The Committee 
encourages NIST to investigate an effective national testing 
standard to better scientifically understand the inadequacies 
of sports helmets while exploring future product designs that 
can safely reduce the neural risk of playing football, hockey, 
and other high-impact sports. The academic community has 
substantial knowledge about these issues, and NIST should work 
cooperatively with the academic community by funding research 
for advanced helmets and equipment and in developing new 
testing standards to ensure player safety. Additionally, NIST 
should consider establishing an effective national testing 
standard to inform the development of youth-specific helmet 
safety standards.
    Metals-Based Additive Manufacturing.--The Committee 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 enacted amount for 
competitive external grants for academic institutions to 
support research, development, and workforce training to 
overcome barriers to high-volume additive manufacturing of 
metals. While the Committee is aware of recent breakthroughs in 
metals-based additive manufacturing, major technical barriers 
still exist to dramatically improving build rates that would 
enable commercial markets to benefit from high-volume, metals-
based additive manufacturing.
    Plastics and Polymeric Materials.--The Committee recognizes 
the significant contributions that plastics have made to 
virtually all sectors of the economy, including in healthcare, 
infrastructure, food, and cosmetics, among many others. 
However, plastics take significant time to degrade in the 
environment due to their durability. The Committee believes 
advancements in creating products from recycled plastics could 
provide a more sustainable option for their use. Many hurdles 
remain in manufacturing products from recycled plastics with 
the same strength, color, odor, and malleability of new plastic 
products. Therefore, the Committee provides $1,000,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted amount for competitive external 
grants for academic institutions to investigate plastic and 
polymeric materials, as well as novel methods to characterize 
both known and newly developed materials. Such investigations 
should address ways to increase the strength of recycled 
plastics and better understand mechanical properties including 
tensile stress, compressive stress, thermal properties, and 
nanostructure of polymeric materials that could serve as 
industry standards for recycled plastic products.
    Composites.--The Committee recognizes that composites have 
wide-ranging proven characteristics that include lightweight, 
high-strength, corrosion resistance, lifecycle cost benefits, 
and long-term durability that translate to increased factors of 
safety for infrastructure engineering designs. The Committee 
urges NIST to work with relevant Federal agencies to coordinate 
existing standards and test methods for the use of composites 
and other innovative materials in infrastructure.
    Pyrrhotite in Concrete Aggregate.--The Committee recognizes 
that concrete foundations containing pyrrhotite can crack and 
cause structures to collapse and that more research is 
necessary to address this significant harm. The Committee 
provides no less than $1,500,000 for NIST to partner with an 
academic institution on a study to develop a reliable and cost-
effective standard for testing for the presence of pyrrhotite 
in concrete used in residential, commercial, and municipal 
structures. The study should also develop a risk rating scale 
that quantifies the amount of pyrrhotite that causes the 
foundation to become structurally unsound. Specifically, the 
study should determine how pyrrhotite reacts with environmental 
substances such as water, oxygen, and sulfides, and determine 
to what level pyrrhotite may exist in concrete without 
weakening the material.
    Regenerative Medicine Standards.--The Committee commends 
NIST, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Standards 
Coordinating Body for continued work to implement the 
regenerative medicine standards provisions enacted under the 
21st Century Cures Act (Public Law 114-255). Currently, work is 
underway to develop processes and criteria for identifying, 
prioritizing, and assessing the quality, safety, feasibility, 
and cost-benefit of such standards. The Committee provides 
$2,500,000 for NIST to improve measurement assurance and 
standards coordination for regenerative therapies, including: 
establishing a regenerative medicine assay validation and 
innovation core to provide laboratory support for evaluation of 
standardized assays, and conducting inter-laboratory studies to 
improve measurement assurance and develop appropriate reference 
materials.
    Graphene Research and Commercialization.--The Committee 
recognizes the emergence of graphene as an innovative material 
with significant commercial and national security potential. 
The Committee also recognizes that other countries are ahead of 
the United States in patenting and commercializing applications 
with this material. The Committee provides no less than 
$1,500,000 for NIST to fund and pursue graphene research 
activities with industry and academic institutions with 
expertise, existing capabilities, and infrastructure related to 
the commercial application of graphene.
    Urban Dome Program.--The Committee notes the value of 
NIST's Urban Dome program and the importance of accurate 
measurement science for environmental monitoring and human 
health. More than half the world's population is living in 
urban areas, and this concentration is expected to intensify 
over the coming decades. The Committee provides no less than 
the fiscal year 2019 amount for the Office of Special Programs 
to maintain and consider expanding the number of urban dome 
locations in fiscal year 2020.
    Facial Recognition Vendor Test.--The Committee encourages 
NIST to continue to meet growing demand for the Facial 
Recognition Vendor Test and to improve the test. The Committee 
is aware that this test is an important resource for 
government, commercial, and academic developers to assess the 
quality of their facial recognition technologies. As more 
companies and government users invest in this technology, the 
test will continue to be a critical step for responsible use. 
The Committee encourages NIST to: expand testing to include a 
more diverse combination of demographics and environmental 
settings in the test data, develop educational material and 
work on image quality standards for data collection, expand 
testing to improve enhanced privacy technologies for better 
template protection, and expand existing testing infrastructure 
in support of these improvements.
    Public Safety Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Challenge.--NIST has 
a long history in advancing the use of cutting-edge 
technologies for public safety response operations. There is a 
significant opportunity for public safety organizations to 
leverage Unmanned Aerial Vehicles [UAVs] to improve their 
operations and response capabilities and keep first responders 
and the citizens they serve safe. The Committee provides no 
less than $2,500,000 for NIST, in partnership with academic 
institutions that have a strong history of flight operations in 
both UAV operational training and applied research 
environments, to run at least three UAV prize based challenges 
within 12 months of enactment of this act that focus on 
expanding the role that UAVs could play in emergency response 
operations. Topics could include the use of UAVs to: extend 
cellular coverage in remote areas; deploy sensor networks 
around buildings, to enable in-building tracking of public 
safety personnel; and provide real time situational awareness 
of on-scene response through the use of video and advanced 
analytics.
    Artificial Intelligence [AI].--The Committee provides 
$8,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level to expand 
NIST's ongoing AI research and measurement science efforts, in 
support of the administration's Industries of the Future 
initiative. NIST is directed to develop resources for 
government, corporate, and academic uses of AI to train and 
test systems, model AI behavior, and compare systems.
    Measurement Science for Microelectronics.--The Committee 
notes the economic and national security importance of 
maintaining U.S. leadership in development and manufacturing of 
cutting-edge microelectronics. Therefore, the Committee 
provides $5,000,000 for NIST to develop and deliver material 
characterization, standards, and analytical tools needed for 
advancing microelectronics technology.
    Public Health Risk to First Responders.--The Committee 
recognizes the pressing public health risk associated with 
occupational exposure to per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
[PFAS], particularly among civilian and military firefighters. 
Therefore, the Committee directs NIST to conduct a study of new 
and unused personal protective equipment worn by firefighters 
to determine the prevalence and concentration of PFAS in the 
equipment, as well as the rate of at which PFAS may be released 
from the gear during normal wear and in what conditions, and 
provides $2,000,000 for these purposes. NIST shall update the 
Committee on the progress of the study not later than a year 
after enactment of this act.
    Baldrige Performance Excellence.--The Committee provides 
$2,200,000 for costs associated with NIST's current level of 
personnel support and expertise that contribute to the Baldrige 
program. The Committee continues to direct the Secretary to 
work with the Baldrige program's private sector foundation to 
conduct a fundraising campaign to support the program as 
authorized in section 3(f) of Public Law 100-107, to ensure 
that the foundation has stable funding for the continuation of 
this program in the future. Additionally, the Committee 
commends the Baldrige program's efforts to improve the adoption 
of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework and encourages the program 
to build more partnerships and self-assessment tools to help 
organizations with their cybersecurity risk management. 
Further, the Committee encourages Baldrige to continue to focus 
on and develop metrics and standards to assist rural healthcare 
providers by leveraging industry best practices.

                     INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SERVICES

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $155,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      15,172,000
Committee recommendation................................     161,500,000

    The Committee provides $161,500,000 for Industrial 
Technology Services. The recommendation is $6,500,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $146,328,000 above the 
budget request. Supporting the Nation's manufacturers, 
especially small businesses, is critical to keeping America 
innovative in a global marketplace.
    Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program 
[MEP].--The Committee rejects the proposed elimination of MEP 
and instead provides $145,500,000 for the program. The funding 
provided above the fiscal year 2019 level is to be distributed 
evenly among the 51 MEP Centers. The Committee supports MEP's 
focus on strengthening the existing network of MEP centers and 
providing additional support to centers based on the documented 
performance of the center's activities and the manufacturing 
capacity of the area served by the center.
    Manufacturing USA.--The National Network for Manufacturing 
Innovation [NNMI] (also known as ``Manufacturing USA'') program 
promotes American competitiveness by fostering the development 
of new manufacturing techniques and fields, accelerating 
commercialization, and providing technical assistance to U.S. 
companies. The Committee provides $16,000,000 for NIST's 
activities within Manufacturing USA. Of this amount, no more 
than $5,000,000 may be used for coordination activities, of 
which up to $1,000,000 may be used to support the Food and Drug 
Administration's participation in biomanufacturing innovation 
institutes. Within funding provided, NIST shall strive to 
minimize administrative costs in order to provide support for 
collaborative research and development projects between 
institutes.
    In addition, the Committee notes the passage of legislation 
to reauthorize NNMI by the Senate as part of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 and provides 
$1,000,000 for a competitive grant program to develop 
technology roadmaps for promising advanced manufacturing 
clusters. These grants should be made available to establish 
new or strengthen existing industry-driven consortia that 
address high-priority research challenges in order to grow 
advanced manufacturing in the United States. The Committee 
supports the GAO recommendations included in GAO-19-409 and 
directs NIST to implement them.

                  CONSTRUCTION OF RESEARCH FACILITIES

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $106,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   \1\40,690,000
Committee recommendation................................     123,000,000

\1\Does not includes the legislative proposal for Construction of 
Research Facilities, proposed in the fiscal year 2020 budget submission.

    The Committee provides $123,000,000 for construction of 
research facilities. The recommendation is $17,000,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $82,310,000 above the 
budget request. The funding provided includes no less than 
$43,000,000 for the continued renovation of NIST's Building 1 
laboratory.
    Safety, Capacity, Maintenance, and Major Repairs [SCMMR].--
Within the amount provided for Construction of Research 
Facilities, the Committee provides $80,000,000 for SCMMR.

            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $5,424,695,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   4,456,968,000
Committee recommendation................................   5,337,343,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $5,337,343,000 for 
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [NOAA]. The 
recommendation is $87,352,000 below the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $880,375,000 above the budget request.
    The Committee commends the Department for its work to bring 
down the costs associated with NOAA's Procurement, Acquisition 
and Construction [PAC] accounts. The decrease in PAC resources 
in fiscal year 2020 reflects, as expected, the reduced 
financial need of NOAA's flagship weather satellite programs as 
the satellites launch and enter into the operational phase. 
This allows for an increase in Operations, Research, and 
Facilities [ORF] resources in fiscal year 2020.

                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $3,596,997,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   3,058,383,000
Committee recommendation................................   3,727,466,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $3,727,466,000 for 
NOAA's ORF. The recommendation is $130,469,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 enacted level and $669,083,000 above the budget 
request.

                      NOAA NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE

    The Committee's recommendation provides $588,806,000 for 
the National Ocean Service [NOS]. NOS programs provide 
scientific, technical, and management expertise to promote safe 
navigation; assess the health of coastal and marine resources; 
respond to natural and human-induced threats; and preserve 
coastal and ocean environments.
    The Committee's recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

       NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee
                                                          recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Navigation, Observations and Positioning:
    Navigation, Observations and Positioning...........          160,706
    Hydrographic Survey Priorities/Contracts...........           32,000
    Integrated Ocean Observing System--Regional                   38,500
     Observations......................................
                                                        ----------------
      Total, Navigation, Observations and Positioning..          231,206
                                                        ================
Coastal Science and Assessment:
    Coastal Science, Assessment, Response and                     78,000
     Restoration.......................................
    Competitive External Research......................           18,000
                                                        ----------------
      Total, Coastal Science and Assessment............           96,000
                                                        ================
Ocean and Coastal Management and Services:
    Coastal Zone Management and Services...............           45,000
    Coastal Zone Management Grants.....................           76,500
    National Oceans and Coastal Security Fund..........           30,000
    Coral Reef Program.................................           27,600
    National Estuarine Research Reserve System.........           27,000
    National Marine Sanctuaries........................           55,500
                                                        ----------------
      Total, Ocean and Coastal Management and Services.          261,600
                                                        ================
      GRAND TOTAL NOS..................................          588,806
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Navigation, Observations and Positioning.--The Committee 
strongly supports activities under Navigation, Observations and 
Positioning, including the full operational funding for NOAA's 
Navigation Response Teams.
    Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System [PORTS] Program.--
The Committee provides no less than $7,500,000 for PORTS, a 
$2,500,000 increase above fiscal year 2019. The Committee 
supports the continued expansion of the PORTS network, which is 
now in place in 33 locations, including the Nation's top 20 
seaports by tonnage. The Committee directs NOAA to provide a 
report detailing the program's full costs, by location, 
including operations and maintenance, within 180 days of 
enactment of this act.
    Geospatial Modeling Grants.--The Committee provides 
$8,000,000 within Navigation, Observations and Positioning for 
the competitive Geospatial Modeling Grants program for which 
all funding shall be distributed externally.
    Hydrographic Research and Technology Development.--The 
Committee supports the intended use of funds requested for 
Hydrographic Research and Technology Development and provides 
an additional $500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 level for 
these purposes. In addition, the Committee provides $2,000,000 
above the request for NOAA to designate and continue supporting 
joint ocean and coastal mapping centers in other areas of the 
country to be co-located with an institution of higher 
education as authorized by the Omnibus Public Land Management 
Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-11). The Committee emphasizes that 
additional funding is provided for the designation of other 
joint ocean and coastal mapping centers and therefore shall not 
decrease funding levels for any existing centers.
    Coastal Survey Data.--The State of Alaska lacks adequate 
coastal survey data necessary to establish the legal 
delineation of the shoreline, protect coastal communities, 
improve maritime safety and navigability, inform earthquake and 
tsunami hazard assessments and mitigation, establish baselines 
for long-term monitoring of coastal evolution, support economic 
development, enhance national security, and provide a framework 
for scientific research. The Committee believes that collecting 
this data would directly support NOAA and contribute to the 
development of the Blue Economy of Alaska and the Nation. 
Therefore, NOS is directed to submit a plan to the Committee, 
within 1 year of enactment of this act, to conduct 
comprehensive coastal survey work in Alaska, including an 
estimate of annual cost by project, program, or activity.
    Hydrographic Surveys and Contracts.--The Committee 
continues to be concerned with NOAA's slow progress in reducing 
the backlog of hydrographic survey work for navigationally 
significant U.S. waters. Within the amount provided for 
Hydrographic Survey Priorities/Contracts, NOAA is directed to 
accelerate the acquisition of survey data and the preparation 
of navigational charts needed to minimize the risks associated 
with increased maritime traffic. In addition, not more than 5 
percent of funds available for the Hydrographic Survey 
Priorities/Contracts program may be used for internal 
Hydrographic Survey Priorities/Contracts program management 
costs.
    Hydrographic Charting in the Arctic.--Despite the massive 
backlog for charting of navigationally significant areas, 
nationally, and in the Arctic, specifically, NOAA's fiscal year 
2020 budget request continues to propose underfunding the 
acquisition of data from contract surveys. Hydrographic survey 
work in the Arctic, in particular, is subject to a shorter 
operational season than other U.S. coastal regions. The 
Committee believes Arctic surveys could be completed more 
efficiently through increased and accelerated contracting. 
Therefore, NOAA is directed to award contracts for hydrographic 
surveys in the Arctic as early in the calendar year as possible 
to maximize the operational season, utilizing effective and 
efficient contract services. Within the amount provided for 
Hydrographic Survey Priorities/Contracts, NOAA is directed to 
accelerate the acquisition of survey data through the use of 
contractors necessary to minimize the risks associated with 
increased maritime traffic. In addition, NOAA is directed to 
utilize all contractors that are available, qualified, and 
experienced in the Arctic for U.S. Arctic hydrographic surveys.
    Gulf of Mexico Coast Survey.--The Committee encourages NOS 
to engage in high-priority cooperative habitat mapping in the 
Gulf of Mexico, particularly in areas currently unmapped but 
prone to disaster. In doing so, NOS may prioritize areas where 
understanding the long-term implications of new energy 
exploration would be critical.
    Integrated Ocean Observing System [IOOS].--Within funding 
provided for IOOS, NOS shall work to complete and operate the 
National High Frequency Radar System to close key gaps in the 
U.S. surface current mapping system. Furthermore, NOS shall 
expand the regional underwater profiling gliders program to 
ensure streamlined access to data for weather forecasting and 
hurricane prediction, disaster response, forecasting of 
freshwater and marine water quality, detection of harmful algal 
blooms, and safe maritime operations.
    Further, the Committee provides IOOS with $1,000,000 for 
pilot programs to enhance the nation's capacity for monitoring 
and detection of harmful algal blooms by leveraging the 
expertise of the IOOS regional associations. These programs 
shall focus on data integration and information dissemination 
to provide coastal managers, seafood harvesters and aquaculture 
practitioners, drinking water utilities, animal stranding 
networks, and others with information about the extent, 
toxicity, and length of blooms. IOOS is directed to coordinate 
with the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science on the 
implementation of these funds.
    Coastal Science, Assessment, Response and Restoration.--
Within the funds provided for Coastal Science, Assessment, 
Response and Restoration, the Committee provides no less than 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level for operations and staffing 
of the Gulf of Mexico Disaster Response Center [DRC]. The 
Committee reiterates that the DRC shall serve as the Gulf 
Coast's headquarters for NOAA's emergency preparedness, 
response, and recovery operations. As such, NOAA is directed to 
further co-locate NOS personnel and assets that are currently 
positioned elsewhere on the Gulf Coast at the DRC. In addition, 
the Committee provides $500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level for the Disaster Preparedness Program to bolster 
NOS's emergency response efforts to coastal storms and other 
disasters.
    Marine Debris.--The Committee provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level for NOAA's Marine Debris 
Program. The Committee strongly supports NOS's ongoing efforts, 
including its competitive extramural funding programs, to 
address marine debris around the country. NOS is encouraged to 
prioritize funding projects in urban communities that support 
or enhance waterway cleanup efforts to remove any and all forms 
of marine debris from the aquatic environment, as well as 
projects in rural and remote communities that lack 
infrastructure to address the marine debris problem.
    National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science [NCCOS].--The 
Committee expressly rejects the proposal to terminate NCCOS and 
the Competitive External Research program, and provides no less 
than the fiscal year 2019 enacted level for both. The Committee 
supports the ground-breaking research NCCOS conducts, in areas 
such as coral health and restoration, ecotoxicology, harmful 
algal blooms, and aquaculture, and is puzzled as to why NOAA 
would propose to terminate these efforts, which directly 
support NOAA's priorities to ``Expand the Blue Economy'' and 
``Reduce the Seafood Trade Deficit.'' The Committee remains 
supportive of NCCOS's contributions to NOAA's mission and 
priorities and directs NOAA to continue supporting these 
efforts through the collective expertise of Federal, State, and 
academic partners.
    Harmful Algal Blooms [HABs].--The Committee understands 
that HABs in their various forms are a national problem that 
require collaboration with local partners to monitor, predict, 
track, and respond to HAB events. Within funding for Coastal 
Science and Assessment, the Committee provides up to $5,000,000 
to accelerate deployment of effective methods of intervention 
and mitigation to reduce the frequency, severity, and impact of 
harmful algal bloom events in freshwater systems. Additionally, 
the Committee encourages NOS to expand its collaboration with 
coastal States across the country to address HABs in the marine 
environment.
    HABs Regional Watershed Integrated Assessments and Action 
Strategies.--The Committee recognizes the importance of the 
Great Lakes Integrated Assessment and Action Strategy to 
harmful algal bloom prevention, control, and mitigation efforts 
in the Great Lakes region, and encourages the Federal Inter-
agency Task Force on Harmful Algal Blooms and Hypoxia, 
established under section 4001 of title 33, and the Interagency 
Working Group tasked with implementing the Harmful Algal Bloom 
and Hypoxia Research and Control Act to identify and prioritize 
additional watersheds that would benefit from the development 
of regionally-specific Integrated Assessments and Action Plans, 
including those regions that have been impacted by freshwater 
and saltwater harmful algal blooms.
    Integrated Water Prediction [IWP].--Within funding provided 
for Coastal Zone Management and Services, the Committee 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 level for NOS to 
continue supporting the development and operation of the IWP 
program with NOAA's National Weather Service.
    Regional Data Portals.--Within funding for Coastal Zone 
Management and Services, $1,500,000 is for the regional ocean 
partnerships, or their equivalent, to enhance their capacity 
for sharing and integration of Federal and non-Federal data to 
support regional coastal, ocean, and Great Lakes management 
priorities as outlined in Executive Order 13840. The Office of 
Coastal Management shall coordinate with the IOOS Program 
Office on the implementation of these funds, to ensure 
continuity of funding provided to IOOS in fiscal year 2019 for 
this purpose.
    The National Oceans and Coastal Security Fund.--The 
Committee provides $30,000,000 for the National Oceans and 
Coastal Security Fund, also known as Title IX Fund grants, for 
collaborative partnerships that incorporate non-Federal 
matching funds with a priority on supporting authorized 
activities not otherwise funded within this act. In selecting 
the areas of focus for the National Oceans and Coastal Security 
Fund, NOAA and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation should 
consider proposals that enhance ocean and coastal management; 
bolster coastal infrastructure and resilience; support regional 
collaborative efforts and partnerships; advance the collection, 
synthesis, and public sharing of ocean data; and help coastal 
communities adapt to changing ocean conditions.
    Coral Reef Program.--The Committee recognizes the unique 
ecological and economic value of coral reefs, including the 
benefit of buffering coastal communities from hazards such as 
coastal storms and hurricanes. Furthermore, urgent efforts are 
needed to reverse the decline of coral populations in the 
United States. Therefore, the Committee provides up to 
$5,000,000 for NOS to work with academic institutions and non-
governmental research organizations to establish innovative 
restoration projects to restore degraded coral reefs. This may 
include implementing landscape-scale coral reef restoration 
initiatives to outplant lab-grown or aquaculture-raised coral 
fragments representing diverse assemblages of native coral 
species, as well as the necessary research and development for 
these efforts. Restoration projects should utilize genetic 
strains that demonstrate enhanced resiliency to increased water 
temperatures, decreased pH, and coral disease, and include 
designs for multiyear monitoring to assess survival and 
ecosystem health.
    Temperate and Cold-Water Corals.--The Committee urges 
NOAA's coral reef program to support research of all coral 
species, including temperate and cold-water corals.
    Marine National Monuments.--Within funding provided for 
National Marine Sanctuaries, up to $1,000,000 may be used for 
competitive research and management grants for existing marine 
national monuments administered by NOS, provided such grants 
are subject to a 100 percent non-Federal match.
    National Estuarine Research Reserve System [NERRS].--The 
Committee rejects the elimination of NERRS and provides 
$27,000,000 for the system. NERRS sites provide mixed-use areas 
that are protected for long-term research, monitoring, 
education, and coastal stewardship. The program is a positive 
example of State and Federal partnership. The Committee is 
aware of the Blue Ribbon Panel recommendation to expand the 
NERRS network and awaits action from NOAA on site nominations 
that are currently pending. Within funding provided for NERRS, 
up to $2,000,000 may be used for the Margaret A. Davidson 
Graduate Research Fellowship administered by the Office of 
Coastal Management. The fellowship program is not subject to 
any matching requirement.
    NOAA is further encouraged to work with its NERRS and 
National Marine Sanctuary partners on efforts for early 
detection of, rapid response to, and control of invasive 
species, especially those that jeopardize endangered or 
threatened native species.

                 NOAA NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE

    The Committee's recommendation provides $944,867,000 for 
the National Marine Fisheries Service [NMFS]. NMFS programs 
provide for the management and conservation of the Nation's 
living marine resources and their environment, including fish 
stocks, marine mammals, and endangered species.
    Committee recommendations are displayed in the following 
table:

 NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Protected Resources Science and Management:
    Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, and Other Species....           122,164
    Species Recovery Grants...........................             7,000
    Atlantic Salmon...................................             6,500
    Pacific Salmon....................................            65,000
                                                       -----------------
      Total, Protected Resources Science and                     200,664
       Management.....................................
                                                       =================
Fisheries Science and Management:
    Fisheries and Ecosystem Science Programs and                 146,427
     Services.........................................
    Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and                      172,909
     Assessments......................................
    Observers and Training............................            54,968
    Fisheries Management Programs and Services........           123,836
    Aquaculture.......................................            15,500
    Salmon Management Activities......................            56,043
    Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions.......            40,247
    Interjurisdictional Fisheries Grants..............             3,365
                                                       -----------------
      Total, Fisheries Science and Management.........           613,295
                                                       =================
Enforcement...........................................            74,023
                                                       =================
Habitat Conservation and Restoration..................            56,885
                                                       =================
      GRAND TOTAL NMFS................................           944,867
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    NMFS Project Consultations.--Within Protected Resources 
Science and Management, the Committee provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted amount for NMFS to address the backlog 
of consultation requests under the Endangered Species Act [ESA] 
(Public Law 93-205). The backlog of consultation requests, 
particularly those from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 
[USACE], has caused significant permitting delays for local 
communities seeking to implement various projects across the 
Nation. The Committee directs NMFS to work with USACE and other 
Federal agencies to improve coordination and efficiency of 
consultations within the permitting process.
    Marine Mammal Protection.--The Committee supports NMFS's 
mission under this activity to monitor, protect, and recover 
at-risk marine mammal species listed under the ESA in 2005, but 
whose populations continue to decline. The Committee encourages 
NMFS to utilize funding for the protection and recovery of 
marine mammal species at risk due to factors such as limited 
prey species, water-borne toxin accumulation, and vessel and 
sound impacts.
    North Atlantic Right Whale.--The Committee remains 
concerned that North Atlantic right whale populations remain 
critically low, especially given the number of whale 
mortalities this summer. Therefore, the Committee rejects the 
proposed reduction and provides an additional $2,000,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level within Marine Mammals, Sea 
Turtles, and Other Species for North Atlantic right whales-
related research, development, and conservation efforts. Within 
funding provided, not less than $1,000,000 shall be for a pilot 
program to develop, refine, and field test innovative fishing 
gear technologies designed to reduce North Atlantic right whale 
entanglements in partnership with relevant stakeholders, 
including, but not limited to: states, commercial fishermen, 
gear manufacturers, research institutions, and nongovernmental 
organizations. NMFS shall provide the Committee with an 
implementation plan for the pilot program, including metrics, 
within 60 days of enactment of this act. Improving NOAA's 
understanding of right whale distribution and habitat is 
necessary to better inform management actions. As such, NOAA is 
encouraged to prioritize development of a habitat suitability 
index and long-term tagging methods. NOAA shall also continue 
to support disentanglement, stranding response, necropsy 
activities, aerial surveys, and passive acoustic monitoring in 
the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. NOAA is also directed to 
fully evaluate the feasibility and economic implications of any 
management actions relating to the North Atlantic right whale.
    Further, the Committee recognizes the transboundary nature 
of the North Atlantic right whale and directs NMFS to continue 
to work in coordination with counterparts in the Canadian 
government to reduce risks throughout its range. Examples of 
ongoing opportunities for U.S-Canada collaboration on North 
Atlantic right whale conservation include, but are not limited 
to, continued collaboration on surveillance in the Gulf of St. 
Lawrence, cooperative research on the distribution of the 
whales and their food sources, support for disentanglement and 
necropsy work including cross-training between U.S. and 
Canadian response teams, coordinated gear marking efforts 
across jurisdictions, and collaborative work on innovative, 
real-time solutions to reduce risks from fishing gear 
entanglement and ship strikes.
    The Committee recognizes that the Northeast lobster fishery 
has made significant changes to harvesting practices to protect 
North Atlantic right whales, including reducing vertical lines, 
marking gear, requiring the use of weaker rope, and 
implementing sinking ground lines, which precipitated the North 
Atlantic right whale's population growth from roughly 258 in 
the 1990s to more than 450 in 2015. The Committee also 
understands that sightings of North Atlantic right whales have 
declined in the Gulf of Maine over the past decade, as has the 
species' primary food source, Calanus finmarchicus, in the 
eastern Gulf of Maine. In any rulemaking regarding the North 
Atlantic right whale, NMFS shall consider recent research on 
Calanus that indicates these zooplankton have been steadily 
decreasing in abundance in the Gulf of Maine since 2010. The 
North Atlantic right whale risk reduction target proposed by 
NMFS depends heavily on how unknown cases are assigned by 
fishery and country, and the Committee believes that any 
misattributions of whale entanglements that NMFS has 
acknowledged must be considered by NMFS and incorporated in 
relevant rulemaking.
    False Killer Whales.--The Committee encourages NMFS to 
study interactions between the U.S. fishing fleet and false 
killer whales in the Western Pacific.
    Sea Turtle Conservation.--NOAA committed to the Committee 
that it would continue its sea turtle stranding and 
rehabilitation programs at the NMFS Galveston Laboratory until 
it found suitable non-governmental partners to assume the 
program in full. However, NMFS has not reported to the 
Committee that it has secured commitments from any suitable 
partners. Therefore, NMFS is directed to maintain adequate 
capacity of the sea turtle stranding and rehabilitation program 
until it can report to the Committee that these critical 
activities have been fully assumed by partner organizations.
    Hawaiian Monk Seals and Sea Turtles.--Within funding for 
Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, and Other Species, the Committee 
provides NOAA no less than the fiscal year 2019 amount for 
Hawaiian Monk Seals and Hawaiian Sea Turtles.
    Prescott Grants.--Within Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, and 
Other Species, the Committee provides $4,000,000 for the John 
H. Prescott Marine Mammal Rescue Assistance grant program.
    Species Recovery Grants.--The Committee directs NMFS to 
utilize both the ESA Recovery Plan and the Marine Mammal 
Protection Act Take Reduction Plan priorities when evaluating 
marine mammal projects.
    Atlantic Salmon.--NOAA has identified major threats to 
Atlantic salmon, including interrelated effects of freshwater 
salmon habitat loss, lost prey buffering, and marine derived 
nutrients from declines of co-evolved diadromous species. 
Within the funding provided for Atlantic Salmon, the Committee 
directs NOAA to enable a broader use of funds for restoration 
of diadromous species and habitats that support salmon recovery 
by providing ecological functions critical to the Atlantic 
salmon life cycle. The Committee further directs NOAA to ensure 
that adequate resources continue to be provided for State 
agencies to implement the recovery strategy effectively.
    Pacific Salmon.--Within the funding provided for Pacific 
Salmon, NOAA shall consider expanding salmonid monitoring 
activities, including through the use of tags and acoustic 
tracking to utilize real-time monitoring to avoid impacts to 
protected species. NOAA is also encouraged to work with 
partners to address the backlog of hatchery genetic management 
plans and expedite approval.
    Promote and Develop Fisheries Products and Research Funding 
Transfer.--The bill maintains the provision restricting the use 
of the Promote and Develop Fisheries Products and Research 
funds transferred from the Department of Agriculture to NOAA in 
a way that better meets the intended purpose of the transfer 
mandated by the Saltonstall-Kennedy Act. None of the funds may 
be used for internal NOAA or DOC management, but rather, funds 
may only be used for activities that directly benefit U.S. 
fisheries and fishery communities. Specifically, these funds 
may only be used for: cooperative research; annual stock 
assessments; efforts to improve data collection, including 
catch monitoring and reporting for commercial, charter, and 
recreational fisheries; interjurisdictional fisheries grants; 
and Fisheries Information Networks.
    As part of the fiscal year 2020 spending plan, NOAA shall 
include a detailed accounting, by object class, of how the 
Promote and Develop transfer funds will be allocated based on 
the funding criteria described in this bill.
    Saltonstall-Kennedy [S-K] Grant Program.--The Committee 
rejects the Administration's proposal to eliminate the S-K 
grant program and directs NOAA to obligate no less than 95 
percent of the S-K grant program funds externally through a 
competitive grant process. NOAA shall consult with a diverse 
group of industry participants representing the entirety of the 
supply chain, from all regions of the country, to identify 
funding priorities. Prior to obligating these funds, NOAA shall 
provide the Committee with a detailed spending plan describing 
which fisheries activities will be funded in each of the 
regions and how the plan incorporates regional priorities. The 
Committee further encourages NOAA to prioritize marketing and 
development of the seafood industry, as was the original intent 
of the S-K grant program.
    NMFS Staffing.--The Committee acknowledges that NMFS 
regional and scientific staff are most effective in meeting 
their mission when located in the communities they serve. To 
the greatest extent practicable, the Committee directs NMFS to 
proactively station regional science center staff and 
leadership within the regions they serve.
    NMFS Facilities.--The Committee supports NOAA's efforts to 
reduce costs and achieve a more efficient and effective 
facilities footprint, and adopts the proposed divestment of the 
Pacific Grove Laboratory and Building 74 of the James J. Howard 
Marine Sciences Laboratory. However, the Committee does not 
adopt the proposed divestment of the Estuarine Habitats and 
Coastal Fisheries Center. NOAA is encouraged to work with the 
other Federal occupants of the Estuarine Habitats and Coastal 
Fisheries Center to develop a plan to transfer ownership and 
transition NOAA personnel from the Center to another location 
on the U.S. Gulf Coast. NOAA shall deliver this plan to the 
Committee within 270 days of enactment of this act to inform 
any future action.
    Aleutian Island Pollock.--The Committee directs NMFS to 
continue providing technical support, as needed, to the 
recipients of the Exempted Fishing Permit [EFP] for the pollock 
test fishery in the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands management 
area. Depending on the results of the EFP, NMFS should consider 
additional regulatory changes to the management of Aleutian 
Islands pollock.
    Fisheries Surveys.--The Committee is concerned that NMFS is 
not prioritizing and maintaining the needed level of fisheries 
survey coverage, despite having received more than adequate 
funding from the Committee in previous fiscal years to do so. 
The Committee notes that any reduction in fisheries survey 
coverage is unacceptable, especially in areas where the 
distribution of fish stocks are changing due to climate change. 
Therefore, an additional $2,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level is provided for NMFS to maintain historical 
levels of fisheries survey coverage in fiscal year 2020. At 
this funding level the Committee expects NMFS to contract no 
less than five vessels for Alaskan bottom trawl surveys and 
cooperative research, and no less than four vessels for west 
coast groundfish surveys. Further, NMFS shall provide the 
Committee, concurrent with the submission the fiscal year 2020 
spending plan, a detailed accounting of how funding within 
Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and Assessments will be 
allocated by region for fisheries surveys and assessments as 
well as how that compares with the levels provided in fiscal 
years 2017, 2018, and 2019.
    Gulf Reef Fish.--The Committee recognizes that accurate 
estimates of reef fish, such as red snapper, gray triggerfish, 
greater amberjack, and gag grouper, in the Gulf of Mexico 
require additional resources for research and assessment. 
Within funding under Fisheries Ecosystem Science Programs and 
Services, the Committee provides no less than $2,000,000 for 
NMFS to support Gulf reef fish surveys, research, and sampling. 
Additional direction and resources are provided within Oceanic 
and Atmospheric Research [OAR] to support agency-independent 
partnerships with academic research institutions. NMFS is 
encouraged to collaborate with OAR on the formulation and 
execution of this opportunity.
    State Management for Recreational Red Snapper.--The 
Committee commends the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management 
Council for approving ``Reef Fish Amendment 50: State 
Management for Recreational Red Snapper,'' and in so doing 
delegating management authority of the private angling 
component for recreational red snapper fishing to each Gulf 
State. The Committee urges the Department to approve this 
measure and believes successful implementation should be a top 
priority for NMFS. Therefore, within the amount provided for 
Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and Assessments, the 
Committee provides $5,000,000 for NMFS to continue to deliver 
technical support to the Gulf States to ensure successful 
implementation by each State.
    Additionally, the Committee directs NMFS to continue to 
certify and incorporate agency-independent and alternative 
approaches to stock assessments, including surveys developed by 
Gulf States, into the agency's stock assessments used for the 
management of reef fish in the Gulf of Mexico. Furthermore, all 
stock assessments used by NMFS for Gulf reef fish should 
include fishery data collected on artificial reefs, offshore 
oil platforms, and other offshore fixed energy infrastructure.
    South Atlantic Reef Fish.--NMFS shall consider employing 
the independent and alternative stock assessment strategies 
directed by the Committee for the Gulf of Mexico to NMFS 
assessments of reef fish in the South Atlantic. The Committee 
provides up to $1,500,000 for these activities and notes 
deficiencies that have plagued reef fish management in the Gulf 
of Mexico also affect NMFS management of reef fish in the South 
Atlantic.
    For-Hire Electronic Monitoring and Reporting [EM/ER] 
Implementation.--Within Fisheries Management Programs and 
Services, the Committee provides $2,650,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 level for data collection and catch and effort 
validation to support timely implementation of electronic 
logbooks for the federally permitted charter-for-hire sector in 
the Gulf of Mexico. Further, the Committee provides $1,525,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 level within Enforcement for 
associated State and Federal enforcement activities necessary 
to ensure successful implementation. Within existing resources, 
the Committee directs NMFS to continue supporting 
implementation of EM/ER in the South Atlantic.
    Fishing Gear Selectivity Study.--Within funding provided 
for Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and Assessments, NOAA 
shall consider conducting a multiyear, agency-independent study 
to evaluate the selectivity and potential bias of different 
gears used to assess reef fish populations in the South 
Atlantic region, which should build on recent work being 
conducted by State agencies on red snapper. Specifically, the 
study should address whether the use of certain gear by the 
South Atlantic Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment, and 
Prediction Survey, such as Chevron traps, fail to adequately 
sample across age classes of reef fish, including red snapper, 
due to the different behaviors and habits exhibited by larger 
and smaller fish within the same or similar species. NOAA is 
further encouraged to initiate a multiyear, agency-independent 
study using multiple hooked-gears to sample South Atlantic red 
snapper for age composition, sexual maturity, and egg 
production.
    Lobster Fishing Gear.--The Committee encourages further 
collaboration among states, the fishing industry, academic 
institutions, and nongovernmental organizations in the 
development of innovative gear through field trials and 
preliminary implementation.
    Fisheries Information Networks.--Within funding provided 
for Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and Assessments, 
$24,000,000 is provided for Fisheries Information Networks. The 
Committee directs NMFS to dedicate the entire increase above 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level to support Fisheries 
Information Systems grants.
    Northwest Fisheries Ecosystem Monitoring System.--The 
Committee recognizes the importance of long-term data series 
monitoring ocean conditions and ecological indicators. This 
information is important in management decisions for salmon and 
other marine species, and to enable advance forecasting 
capabilities for early detection of ocean conditions known to 
produce harmful toxins that affect regional fisheries closures. 
Within funds for Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and 
Assessments, the Committee provides $500,000 to maintain a 
time-series monitoring system that includes no less than 
monthly data collection, analysis, and dissemination of 
hydrographic and ecological data to inform fishery management 
on the Northern California Current.
    Pacific Bluefin Tuna.--The Committee is concerned by the 
depleted status of Pacific bluefin tuna. The Committee 
encourages NMFS to allocate resources in support of the 
Management Strategy Evaluations for Pacific bluefin tuna and 
other priority highly migratory species managed under 
international agreements. Further, the Committee calls upon 
NMFS to ensure a strong U.S. negotiating position on Pacific 
bluefin tuna recovery by providing resources to support 
engagement of the Pacific Fishery Management Council and U.S. 
stakeholders to ensure continued progress on the international 
recovery plan.
    American Lobster and Jonah Crab Research.--American lobster 
is the Nation's most valuable single-species fishery, with 2017 
landings valued at $552,000,000. The Jonah crab fishery is a 
rapidly growing alternative fishery that allows American 
lobster harvesters to adapt to changing ocean conditions. Jonah 
crab landings were valued at $16,200,000 in 2017 and are 
expected to grow. Adequate data are required to ensure that 
State and interstate managers can effectively and sustainably 
manage these stocks. The Committee provides up to $300,000 
within Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and Assessments to 
support a cooperative research program to collect biological, 
fishery, and environmental data for American lobster and Jonah 
crab using modern technology on commercial fishing vessels.
    Fisheries Effort Survey [FES].--The Committee is concerned 
by reports that the Marine Recreational Information Program FES 
may be vastly overstating fishing effort. While the FES 
methodology represents a clear improvement from previous 
methodologies, the Committee supports the cautious approach to 
utilizing these estimates advocated by the Gulf of Mexico 
Fishery Management Council and South Atlantic Fishery 
Management Council Scientific and Statistical Committees. The 
Committee encourages NMFS to conduct a thorough analysis of the 
effect of such estimates on stock status and allocation before 
they are used for stock management.
    Data Collection for Recreational Fisheries.--Through 
passage of the Modern Fish Act (Public Law 115-405), Congress 
reaffirmed the need for NMFS to develop alternative management 
approaches and more reliable fishery data collection tools for 
recreational fisheries. The Committee provides no less than 
$2,500,000 within Fisheries Data Collection, Surveys and 
Assessments, to support collaborative programs focused on 
improving recreational fishery data collection, as articulated 
in sections 201 and 202 of Public Law 115-405. This funding 
should focus on assisting States to establish, test, and 
implement more reliable recreational fishery data collection 
tools, such as smartphone applications or text messaging 
supplements. The Committee also looks forward to receiving the 
studies called for in sections 101 and 103 of Public Law 115-
405.
    Atlantic Herring Stock Assessment.--The Committee directs 
NMFS to ensure that its 2020 Atlantic herring assessment is 
completed on schedule and to notify the Committee if it 
anticipates that the deadline will not be met.
    Northeast Groundfish Research.--The Committee is concerned 
about the decline of the Northeast multispecies fishery and the 
health of fishing stocks in the Gulf of Maine. Within funding 
provided for Fisheries Ecosystem Science Programs and Services, 
the Committee provides $2,500,000 for groundfish research, with 
a focus on the effects of changing climatic conditions and 
warming waters on the fishery, including stock health and 
natural mortality. NOAA is further encouraged to prioritize 
research regarding relative gear efficiency and stock 
boundaries. Within funding provided, $500,000 shall be 
obligated to develop methods for improving and increasing 
utilization of the full range of available fishery dependent 
data to better inform groundfish stock abundance estimates, 
including implementation of the recommendations set forth in 
the New England Fishery Management Council's Fishery Data for 
Stock Assessment Working Group Report. This funding is intended 
to support research conducted by the Northeast Fisheries 
Science Center, research conducted separately by, or in 
collaboration with, outside partners such as higher education 
institutions or State agencies, and research conducted in 
cooperation with the fishing industry.
    Cooperative Research.--Depleted fish stocks result in 
significant economic losses to our Nation. At a time when 
fishing opportunities are constrained by uncertainty in stock 
assessments and increased access to healthy stocks depends on 
better data, the Committee believes that maintenance of ongoing 
monitoring programs, surveys, and improved research is 
critical. The Committee encourages NMFS to continue to 
prioritize long-time series surveys that are conducted 
cooperatively with industry and States. NMFS is additionally 
encouraged to prioritize studies using video systems deployed 
in commercial trawl nets for surveys conducted cooperatively 
with States, industry, and nonprofit institutions that can be 
validated and incorporated into survey data. NMFS is also 
encouraged to focus on improved understanding of natural 
mortality and relative gear efficiency to ensure accurate 
measures of catchability. Furthermore, the Committee encourages 
the Northeast Fisheries Science Center to consider prioritizing 
cooperative research efforts for species that are experiencing 
shifts in range and population density due to warming waters 
and other global environmental changes.
    Electronic Monitoring and Reporting.--Within Fisheries 
Ecosystem Science Programs and Services, the Committee provides 
no less than the fiscal year 2019 level for EM/ER to support 
the development, testing, and installation of EM/ER 
technologies across the country. The Committee recognizes that 
advancements in EM/ER have the potential to cut costs and 
improve data collection for most U.S. fisheries. NMFS is 
directed to prioritize EM/ER implementation in fiscal year 
2020, and expedite to the fullest extent practicable the 
transition to full EM/ER. Within the funds provided for these 
activities, not less than $3,500,000 shall be available, in 
accordance with 16 U.S.C. 3701, for collaborative partnerships 
that include non-Federal matching funds to implement cost-
shared EM/ER programs that support fisheries conservation and 
management. During the development and implementation of 
electronic reporting and monitoring programs, NOAA shall 
consult directly with industry and work through the Fishery 
Management Councils (established under sections 1851 and 1852 
of title 16, United States Code) to develop appropriate cost-
sharing arrangements that are commensurate with the ex-vessel 
value of the fishery.
    Furthermore, NMFS shall continue to work in fiscal year 
2020 with the charter for-hire recreational fishery fleet in 
the Gulf of Mexico; the Northeast multispecies groundfish 
fishery fleet, including small vessels within that fleet; the 
Maine lobster fleet; and any regional fishery fleet interested 
in implementing EM/ER technologies to better track information 
that is currently collected through the use of human observers.
    Northeast Multispecies Fishery.--The Committee recognizes 
that the New England groundfish fisheries management programs 
continue to present substantial financial challenges to the 
participants as well as to the economic sustainability of those 
fisheries and fishing communities. NOAA is directed to fully 
fund the At-Sea Monitoring costs in the New England groundfish 
fishery, including sea and shore side infrastructure costs. The 
Committee provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
amount within Observers and Training for this purpose. Before 
obligating any of these funds, NOAA shall provide the Committee 
with a detailed spending plan. Further, NOAA is directed to 
submit a report to the Committee not less than 180 days after 
enactment of this act that outlines the current status of 
electronic monitoring and reporting EM/ER technology for the 
Northeast multispecies fishery, including an assessment of 
whether fully operational EM/ER procedures will be ready to 
replace At-Sea Monitoring on a voluntary basis by September 30, 
2021, and if not, an evaluation of the current barriers. The 
report should also specify methods that will improve the 
quality and utility of At-Sea Monitoring and electronic 
monitoring data for purposes of achieving more reliable 
estimates of stock abundance a $1,000,000 increase above the 
fiscal year 2019 level.
    International Fisheries Management Coordination.--The 
Committee is aware that conflicting American and Canadian 
fisheries management measures in the Gulf of Maine have 
generated concerns from the domestic fishing and lobster 
industries, due to differing conservation regulations. The 
Committee encourages NOAA to work with Canadian and state 
fisheries officials to explore the possibility of developing an 
agreement that provides for cooperative fisheries management of 
this unique area.
    North Pacific Observer Coverage.--Within Observers and 
Training, the Committee provides no less than $7,000,000 for 
the North Pacific Observers Program a $1,000,000 increase above 
the fiscal year 2019 level.
    Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated [IUU] Fishing.--Under 
Fisheries Management Programs and Services, the Committee 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 amount to combat IUU 
fishing, including continued execution of the program 
established under section 539 of the Commerce, Justice, 
Science, and Related Agencies Act, 2018 (Public Law 115-141).
    Under Enforcement, an additional $1,600,000 is provided for 
NMFS to improve its enforcement of the program and strengthen 
efforts to detect and deter illegally harvested and improperly 
documented seafood, including working with other U.S., 
international, and foreign agencies to ensure fair competition 
for our country's domestic fishermen and safety for American 
consumers.
    Additionally, NOAA is directed to consider how innovative 
remote sensing technology could help fulfill its IUU mission, 
including satellite imaging and traceability, and shall 
consider developing a comprehensive IUU enforcement strategy in 
consultation with the U.S. Coast Guard. NOAA may also confer 
with the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center [FLETC] and 
may contract with FLETC to assess and provide technical 
assistance to improve NOAA's current law enforcement strategy.
    The Committee encourages NOAA to work with U.S. Customs and 
Border Protection to improve and expand efforts to identify 
high-risk shipments and collect critical import data in order 
to increase enforcement of import restrictions on IUU seafood 
products and expand investigations of foreign IUU hotspots.
    Bycatch Reduction.--The development and implementation of 
practical bycatch solutions is a priority for U.S. and 
international fisheries management and protected species 
conservation. The Committee supports the requested amount for 
reducing bycatch, of which NMFS is directed to make no less 
than the fiscal year 2019 amount available for competitive 
grants to non-Federal researchers working with U.S. fishermen 
on the development of improved fishing practices and innovative 
gear technologies.
    Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery.--The Committee recognizes 
the ongoing impacts on the Pacific coast groundfish fishery 
trawl industry resulting from NMFS's delay in promulgating 
regulations to collect loan payments for the 2003 fishing 
vessel and permit buyback program. This delay caused an 
additional $4,000,000 in interest to accrue, resulting in an 
estimated $10,000,000 of additional loan payments for the 
Pacific coast groundfish fishery trawl industry. The Committee 
notes the implementation of the Revitalizing the Economy of 
Fisheries in the Pacific Act of 2014, section 3095 of Public 
Law 113-291, which is intended to provide relief related to 
this legacy issue.
    Regional Pilots in Sustainable Aquaculture.--The NMFS 
Aquaculture Office is directed to continue regional pilot 
programs for partnerships between the seafood industry and 
community partners that can develop, validate, and deploy 
economically and environmentally sustainable aquatic farming 
techniques and regional business practices to grow domestic 
seafood production. To maximize the impact of these pilot 
grants, NMFS is encouraged to give priority consideration to 
promising but less commercially developed technologies, such as 
those targeting shellfish, seaweed, and other relative 
newcomers to the domestic aquaculture industry. The Committee 
provides $2,500,000 in the NMFS Aquaculture budget for this 
purpose. This funding is in addition to the laboratory funding 
for NOAA's fisheries science centers engaged in aquaculture 
research, which shall be funded at no less than the fiscal year 
2019 enacted level.
    Aquaculture Activities at Fisheries Science Centers.--The 
Committee remains concerned about the staffing levels at NMFS 
fisheries science centers. NOAA is encouraged to grow staffing 
levels and improve resources and facilities at the Northeast 
and Northwest Fisheries Science Centers to return staffing 
levels to those in fiscal year 2010.
    Oyster Aquaculture, Research, and Restoration.--Within the 
funding level provided for NMFS Aquaculture, the Committee 
provides no less than $5,000,000 to support ongoing research in 
off-bottom Eastern oyster production in coastal areas, 
particularly in areas where this method is being exploited for 
commercial production, including the Gulf of Mexico, and 
encourages NMFS to dedicate resources to support regional 
partnerships for genetics, disease, and economic modeling.
    In addition, the Committee recognizes that the shellfish 
farming industry is composed of thousands of small farmers who 
are unable to fund critical research in the fields of shellfish 
disease, food safety, warming waters, and ocean acidification. 
To improve coordination and consistency, the Committee directs 
NMFS Aquaculture to engage and partner with industry, academic 
institutions, and States to conduct collaborative research to 
address the challenges facing this growing industry. Further, 
NMFS Aquaculture is encouraged to coordinate with the 
Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service [ARS] 
to leverage and supplement existing ARS shellfish research 
partnerships.
    Salmon Management Activities.--Within the amount provided 
for Salmon Management activities, the Committee recommends 
$34,500,000, an increase of $19,000,000 above fiscal year 2019, 
to enable NOAA, the Pacific States, and tribal communities to 
begin implementation of the obligations set forth in the 2018 
Pacific Salmon Treaty. Before any of these funds may be 
obligated, NOAA is directed to provide the Committee with a 
detailed spending plan that is reflective of the funding 
recommendations produced by the U.S. section of the Pacific 
Salmon Commission and that strikes an appropriate balance 
between annual and initial funding needs. In doing so, NOAA is 
directed to consult with the Pacific States, tribal 
communities, and other stakeholders. Further, NOAA is 
encouraged to minimize, to the extent practicable, the amount 
of funds withheld for administrative expenses.
    The Committee also provides no less than the fiscal year 
2019 amount for the operation and maintenance of Mitchell Act 
hatcheries.
    Genetic Stock Identification.--The Committee supports 
continued research and testing of genetic stock identification 
[GSI] management techniques in the Pacific salmon fishery to 
meet the dual purpose of protecting declining and the ESA 
listed stocks, while allowing for sustainable commercial and 
recreational access to healthy stocks in the wild. NMFS shall 
continue to support GSI research, including the collection, 
analysis, and testing of methods that rely on genetics-based 
data to identify and track the location of federally protected 
stocks in the wild.
    Fishery Councils and Commissions.--The Committee provides 
$40,247,000 to support the Regional Fishery Management 
Councils, Interstate Marine Fisheries Commissions, and 
International Fisheries Commissions. The Committee recognizes 
the important role that regional management plays in sustaining 
a balanced ecosystem and healthy fish populations and the 
advantage that aggregate data can provide in understanding 
emerging trends across our Nation's fisheries. The Committee 
directs the Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions to 
prioritize research and monitoring of high priority species in 
the face of changing environmental conditions.
    Cooperative Agreements with States.--The Committee rejects 
the administration's proposal to eliminate funding for 
cooperative enforcement agreements with States, including 
execution of Joint Enforcement Agreements. Instead, the 
Committee provides $18,500,000 for these agreements, which are 
critical for proper surveillance and enforcement of our 
nation's fisheries laws.
    The Committee is concerned that NMFS's Office of Law 
Enforcement [OLE] has overly bureaucratized its administration 
of these agreements, to the point that some longstanding State 
and Territorial enforcement partners have considered no longer 
participating. Therefore, no later than 90 days after enactment 
of this act, NMFS OLE is directed to convene a meeting with the 
State and Territorial enforcement partners to discuss measures 
that can be taken to reduce administrative and bureaucratic 
burdens that have been levied upon them. NMFS shall brief the 
Committee, not later than 180 days after enactment of this act, 
on the results of the meeting, including what actions will be 
taken to reduce burdens.
    Northeast Lobster Enforcement.--The Committee encourages 
continued collaboration between States, NOAA, and the U.S. 
Coast Guard to improve Federal capacity for offshore lobster 
enforcement in the Northeast. Offshore enforcement and tracking 
of vessels in the fixed-gear fisheries, such as lobster, is 
critical to ensure fishing gear is compliant and minimizes 
negative impacts on whale health.
    Horseshoe Crab Survey.--The Committee remains concerned 
about the ability to estimate the abundance of the mid-Atlantic 
horseshoe crab population. Adequate data are required to ensure 
State and interstate managers can effectively manage the stock, 
which is important to the biomedical and commercial fishing 
industries, as well as to the ecology of the mid-Atlantic 
region. The Committee directs NMFS to continue this important 
survey to generate the data necessary to ensure the mid-
Atlantic horseshoe crab stock remains on a sustainable path.
    Seafood Reporting.--The United States leads the world in 
responsibly managed fisheries and aquaculture, and the 
Committee supports NOAA's activities to inform consumers about 
our Nation's sustainable fisheries through the agency's 
FishWatch program. However, the Committee is concerned that the 
exclusive use or recognition of third-party certifications for 
seafood sustainability by the Department could have unintended 
consequences for various domestic fisheries. The Committee 
acknowledges that some U.S. fisheries voluntarily utilize 
third-party seafood sustainability certification schemes but 
believes it is not the Department's role to adopt such 
certification schemes when doing so could result in the 
Department arbitrarily influencing the U.S. domestic seafood 
market. The Committee believes support for third-party 
certifications is best presented in non-governmental forums. 
Therefore, the Committee directs the Department not to adopt, 
use, or promote any third-party certification scheme for 
seafood sustainability but to instead continue providing 
consumers with independent and accountable information 
generated from within the Department.
    Economic Impact of Turtle Excluder Devices [TEDs].--The 
Committee encourages NMFS to continue its efforts to pursue 
alternatives that would lessen the negative economic impacts of 
any potential rule requiring all skimmer trawls, pusherhead 
trawls, and wing nets rigged for fishing to use TEDs in their 
nets, while still maintaining conservation measures.
    Habitat Conservation and Restoration.--The Committee 
provides $56,885,000 for Habitat Conservation and Restoration 
activities. The Committee provides no less than the fiscal year 
2019 enacted amount to address the Essential Fish Habitat 
consultation backlog. Within the amount provided, NOAA is 
encouraged to include funding for the multi-year Habitat 
Blueprint Focus Area partnership agreements developed under the 
Habitat Blueprint initiative. The Committee encourages NOAA to 
include a broader ecosystem-based management philosophy; expand 
criteria to include recreational species, managed commercial 
species, and forage species; and prioritize proposals that 
engage local communities. NOAA should continue to emphasize the 
value of partnerships when evaluating grant applications.
    Oyster Restoration.--The Committee encourages NOAA to work 
with external partners to research alternative substrates for 
oyster restoration. NOAA is encouraged to consider 
survivability as part of the oyster restoration program in the 
Chesapeake Bay. The Committee provides no less than the fiscal 
year 2019 enacted amount within Habitat Conservation and 
Restoration to support oyster restoration in the Chesapeake 
Bay.
    Kelp Forests.--Kelp forests found off the U.S. West Coast 
are vibrant ecosystems that sustain a variety of unique 
species. However, these ecosystems face a number of compounding 
pressures that threaten their survival, including warming 
waters and overpopulation of purple sea urchins. The Committee 
encourages NOAA to investigate measures to protect kelp 
forests, including controlling urchin populations. In addition, 
the Committee encourages NOAA to support efforts to survey kelp 
forests.
    Regional Biosecurity Plan for Micronesia and Hawaii.--The 
Committee looks forward to receiving the report required in 
fiscal year 2019 appropriations act and requires an update for 
fiscal year 2020.

                 NOAA OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH

    The Committee's recommendation provides $531,207,000 for 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Research [OAR]. OAR programs provide 
environmental research and technology needed to improve NOAA 
weather forecasts, climate predictions, and marine services. To 
accomplish these goals, OAR supports a network of scientists in 
its Federal research laboratories, universities, and joint 
institutes and partnership programs.
    Committee recommendations are displayed in the following 
table:

  OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH OPERATIONS, RESEARCH AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Climate Research:
    Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes..........            61,000
    Regional Climate Data and Information............            39,000
    Climate Competitive Research.....................            60,000
                                                      ------------------
      Total, Climate Research........................           160,000
                                                      ==================
Weather and Air Chemistry Research Programs:
    Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes..........            80,758
    U.S. Weather Research Program....................            22,080
    Tornado Severe Storm Research/Phased Array Radar.            14,134
    Joint Technology Transfer Initiative.............            15,000
                                                      ------------------
      Total, Weather and Air Chemistry Research......           131,972
                                                      ==================
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research:
    Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes..........            35,000
    National Sea Grant College Program...............            75,000
    Marine Aquaculture Research......................            13,000
    Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring......            44,000
    Integrated Ocean Acidification...................            12,000
    Ocean Exploration................................            42,000
    National Oceanographic Partnership Program [NOPP]             5,000
                                                      ------------------
      Total, Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research           226,000
                                                      ==================
High Performance Computing Initiatives...............            13,235
                                                      ==================
      GRAND TOTAL OAR................................           531,207
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Climate Research.--The Committee rejects OAR's request to 
eliminate Climate Competitive Research.
    Coastal Resilience.--Within funding provided for Climate 
Competitive Research, NOAA is encouraged to partner with State 
Sea Grant programs and work to enhance the coastal resilience 
of remote communities at most risk to natural disasters and 
chronic events, with a priority given to challenges faced by 
tribal, indigenous, or economically disadvantaged communities.
    Arctic Research.--The Committee provides no less than 
$6,000,000, an increase of $1,000,000 above the fiscal year 
2019 level, for Arctic research funded under OAR's Climate 
Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes and Regional Climate 
Data and Information.
    Weather & Air Chemistry Laboratories and Cooperative 
Institutes.--The Committee adopts the proposed transition of 
the Unmanned Aircraft Systems office from OAR to the Office of 
Marine and Aviation Operations, as part of the establishment of 
an unmanned systems operations program. The Committee rejects 
all other proposed cuts to Weather & Air Chemistry Laboratories 
and Cooperative Institutes, including the elimination of the 
Air Resources Laboratory [ARL]. No less than the fiscal year 
2019 level is provided for ARL.
    Vortex-Southeast [Vortex-SE].--The Southeastern United 
States commonly experiences devastating tornadoes under 
variables and conditions that differ considerably from the 
Midwest, where tornado research has historically been focused. 
Within funds provided for Weather and Air Chemistry Research 
Programs, no less than $5,000,000 is provided for OAR to 
continue collaborating with the National Science Foundation's 
Vortex-SE initiative to better understand how environmental 
factors that are characteristic of the Southeastern United 
States affect the formation, intensity, and storm path of 
tornadoes for this region.
    Hydrologic Modeling Grants.--The Committee recognizes the 
success of the National Water Model in advancing flood 
forecasting and predicting other water related hazards. Within 
funding for the U.S. Weather Research Program, the Committee 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 level for OAR to 
make grants available for research activities to advance the 
National Water Model, including improving measurements of snow 
depth and soil moisture data, and the development of high 
resolution hydrologic modeling systems to address issues 
related to floods, drought, water quality, and ecosystem 
health. Research should include addressing water-related issues 
in the Southeastern United States, including those relating to 
agriculture.
    Infrasonic Weather Monitoring Research.--Within funding 
provided for the U.S. Weather Research Program, the Committee 
provides up to $1,000,000 to support external research 
opportunities with academic institutions in infrasonic 
monitoring methods of violent weather. The Committee believes 
that advanced infrasound signal processing methodologies and 
studies, deployed through a network of infrasound arrays to 
detect tornadoes and hurricanes, have the potential to improve 
forecast accuracy.
    Weather Modeling Improvement and Innovation.--Within 
funding for the U.S. Weather Research Program, the Committee 
provides no less than $7,000,000 for NOAA to establish the 
Earth Prediction Innovation Center [EPIC], as authorized by the 
National Integrated Drought Information System Reauthorization 
Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-423). The Committee expects that 
this investment will lead to improvements in NOAA's operational 
weather forecasting capabilities to protect life and property. 
Before any funds for EPIC may be obligated, NOAA is directed to 
provide the Committee with a five-year strategic plan for EPIC 
that outlines: (1) NOAA's investment strategy for the Center, 
which is expected to consist of an extramural center approach 
that is leveraged by intramural investment; and (2) 
quantitative goals for improving NOAA's operational weather 
forecasting capabilities.
    Phased Array Radar [PAR] Program.--The Committee recognizes 
the importance of the PAR program and other advanced radar 
research and development in satisfying the agency's weather and 
related requirements, and provides an additional $1,500,000 for 
these purposes. The Committee looks forward to receiving the 
plan requested in the Joint Explanatory Statement accompanying 
the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2019, (Public Law 116-6).
    Radiative Forcing.--The Committee is aware of the National 
Academies of Sciences' [NAS] development of a research agenda 
and governance approaches for climate intervention strategies 
and the participation of NOAA in this process. The Committee 
looks forward to receiving the results of the NAS study to 
inform future action.
    Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Laboratories and 
Cooperative Institutes.--The Committee provides $35,000,000 for 
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research Laboratories and 
Cooperative Institutes and expects the administration to fully 
fund Cooperative Institutes at appropriate levels in future 
years. This funding level reflects the Committee's adoption of 
the proposed transition of the Autonomous Underwater Vehicle 
Demonstration Testbed from OAR to the Office of Marine and 
Aviation Operations, as part of the establishment of an 
unmanned systems operations program.
    The Committee continues to strongly support the established 
institutes, including those focused on watershed effects on 
marine ecosystems, remote sensing, long-term monitoring of oil 
spill impacts on marine ecosystem health, coastal resilience, 
ocean exploration within the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone, and 
harmful algal blooms.
    Cooperative Institutes for the 21st Century [CI21].--The 
Committee supports the vision of NOAA's ``Prospectus for 
Cooperative Institutes in the 21st Century,'' and directs NOAA 
to fully implement the CI21 recommendations to the extent to 
which the agency has not already done so. Within 90 days of 
enactment of this act, NOAA is directed to submit a report to 
the Committee that details how each of the CI21 recommendations 
have been, or are being, implemented. Furthermore, OAR is 
directed to provide the Committee the results of the review of 
Cooperative Institute research themes and efforts called for 
within CI21.
    National Sea Grant College Program.--The Committee roundly 
rejects the administration's proposed elimination of NOAA's Sea 
Grant program. Instead, the Committee provides an increase of 
$7,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 level for the Sea Grant 
program and its research, education, extension, and outreach 
activities, which are critical for coastal communities and 
benefit the entire Nation. This level of funding supports the 
key focus areas in the program's strategic plan: sustainable 
fisheries and aquaculture, resilient communities and economies, 
healthy coastal ecosystems, environmental literacy, and 
workforce development. In addition, the Committee directs NOAA 
to continue funding all Sea Grant STEM education and fellowship 
programs. Further, NOAA is directed to continue its partnership 
with academic programs that provide legal expertise related to 
Sea Grant's mission and also encourages the Sea Grant program 
to prioritize providing training, education, outreach, and 
technical assistance for young fishermen.
    Additionally, the Committee understands that the Sea Grant 
program provides no less than $1,000,000 in annual base 
funding, or $4,000,000 over the course of the 4-year grant 
cycle, to each Sea Grant program with Institutional or College 
Program status. NOAA is directed to continue this funding 
model.
    Sea Grant Fellowship Program.--NOAA's Sea Grant program is 
reminded that the Committee's broad support is due to the 
program's historically objective standards, State-driven goals, 
and non-partisan priorities. Within NOAA's Sea Grant program, 
the National Sea Grant Fellowship program serves as a valuable 
pipeline for our Nation's future ocean science and policy 
experts. The Fellowship program should remain objective and 
apolitical, and should increase its efforts to recruit 
qualified, non-partisan candidates who are committed to working 
on oceans and coastal issues for any Member of Congress, 
regardless of political affiliation.
    Fisheries-Related Research.--The Committee looks forward to 
receiving, and being briefed on, the results of the Sea Grant 
sponsored project to ``Estimate the Absolute Abundance of Red 
Snapper in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico'' in fiscal year 2020.
    The Committee remains concerned about the negative impacts 
of short recreational fishing seasons for other reef-fish in 
the Gulf of Mexico. Additional data sources and assessment 
approaches are also needed for these species and these efforts 
should continue to be pursued by entities other than NOAA's 
regulating line office, NMFS. Therefore, the Committee provides 
$5,000,000 within Sea Grant above the fiscal year 2019 level to 
partner with academic research institutions to develop agency-
independent estimates of the abundance of greater amberjack in 
the Gulf of Mexico. Sea Grant is encouraged to coordinate with 
NMFS during the formulation and execution of this opportunity.
    American Lobster Research.--Within funding for the Sea 
Grant program, the Committee provides $2,000,000 for 
partnerships between State agencies, academia, and industry to 
address American lobster research priorities in the Gulf of 
Maine, Georges Bank, and southern New England. Research should 
focus on overcoming reduced availability of herring for lobster 
bait and stock resilience in the face of environmental changes, 
including life history parameters, distribution and abundance, 
and species interactions, with the purpose of informing future 
management actions.
    Highly Migratory Species.--The Committee provides no less 
than the fiscal year 2019 enacted level within OAR for the Sea 
Grant program to partner with State agencies, academia, and the 
fishing industry to research highly migratory fish species in 
the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic. This should include 
examining the impact of offshore oil platforms on the biology 
of highly migratory species, such as yellow fin tuna. Highly 
migratory species, and the coastal communities that rely on the 
health of these stocks, could greatly benefit from improved, 
science-based management and conservation.
    Aquaculture Research.--The Committee provides $13,000,000 
for marine aquaculture research. NOAA is directed to support 
marine aquaculture research and development in partnership with 
universities, including with Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities. Similar research efforts have led to beneficial 
outcomes such as the development and commercialization of new 
technologies to meet the domestic demand for seafood, including 
finfish, shrimp, and oysters. NOAA is encouraged to use the 
increase above fiscal year 2019 levels to explore new research 
topics, including engineering of ocean-based infrastructure, 
accumulation and metabolization rates of brevetoxins in 
commonly farmed shellfish, and integrated multi-trophic 
aquaculture.
    Ocean Exploration.--The Committee directs OAR to maximize 
the amount of appropriated funding provided to the new Ocean 
Exploration Cooperative Institute. NOAA is also encouraged to 
work with the Department of Defense and other relevant agencies 
to continue fundamental ocean exploration in which open source 
data are collected for the oceanographic community and private 
industries in real-time through telepresence technology.
    National Oceanographic Partnership Program.--The Committee 
provides $5,000,000 to advance ocean science research through 
the National Oceanographic Partnership Program [NOPP] (10 
U.S.C. 7901-7903), provided that none of the funding provided 
may be used to support more than 50 percent of any particular 
project cost.
    The Committee supports the original intent of NOPP, and 
encourages NOAA to leverage this investment by partnering with 
other Federal agencies with a shared interest in ocean 
research, operations, technology, education, and natural 
resource management, to pursue research that advances multiple 
agency missions.
    Environmental Genomics.--The Committee rejects the 
administration's proposal to terminate the environmental 
genomics program. Instead, the Committee provides no less than 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level for these activities. The 
Committee notes that NOAA's work in this area suggests that 
environmental genomics is a promising, reliable, and affordable 
ocean observation tool.

                     NOAA NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE

    The Committee's recommendation provides $1,060,045,000 for 
the National Weather Service [NWS]. NWS programs provide timely 
and accurate meteorologic, hydrologic, and oceanographic 
warnings and forecasts to ensure the safety of the population, 
mitigate property losses, and improve the economic productivity 
of the Nation. NWS is also responsible for issuing operational 
climate forecasts for the United States. The Committee has made 
saving lives and livelihoods through accurate weather 
forecasting a priority.
    The Committee's recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

      NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Observations..........................................           229,662
Central Processing....................................            97,980
Analyze, Forecast, and Support........................           509,850
Dissemination.........................................            75,093
Science and Technology Integration....................           147,460
                                                       -----------------
      GRAND TOTAL NWS.................................         1,060,045
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Information Technology Officers [ITOs].--The Committee does 
not approve the NWS proposal to consolidate ITOs. The Committee 
notes that NWS was again invited to submit a proposal for a 
single pilot Regional Enterprise Application Development and 
Integration [READI] team comprised of volunteer ITOs. However, 
the Committee still has not yet received such a proposal. 
Should NWS decide to submit a proposal for a single pilot READI 
team project, its subsequent successes and challenges will 
assist the Committee in evaluating the larger consolidation 
proposal if resubmitted in future fiscal years.
    NWS Staffing.--The Committee recognizes NWS's work to fill 
vacancies, especially for weather forecast personnel. However, 
there is a long way to go, and the Committee continues to be 
concerned with the number of NWS employee vacancies. Given the 
importance of the NWS mission to protect the lives and property 
of our Nation's citizens, extended vacancies are unacceptable--
particularly when the Committee has provided more than adequate 
resources and direction to fill vacancies expeditiously for the 
past several fiscal years. The Committee does not adopt the 
proposed NWS workforce savings and directs NWS to continue 
efforts to fill all vacancies as expeditiously as possible.
    Furthermore, NOAA shall continue to provide quarterly 
briefings to the Committees on all NWS staffing issues, to 
include: a list of funded vacancies, by type and location, 
including the length of time the positions have been vacant; 
the Program, Project, or Activity [PPA] from which each vacancy 
is funded, and the plan for addressing each vacancy; an update 
on the implementation of the Operations and Workforce Analysis; 
budget execution by PPA; major procurements; and other topics 
as appropriate.
    Observations.--The Committee rejects all proposed cuts to 
Upper Air, Surface, and Marine Observations.
    Weather Radar Interference.--The Committee encourages the 
mitigation of interference and impacts from wind farms on 
Doppler weather radars, particularly in the interior portions 
of the United States where the most new wind power capacity is 
being added. The Committee supports the directive included in 
Section 318 of the Conference Report accompanying Public Law 
115-232, for NOAA and the Department of Defense to conduct a 
joint study on the impact of wind farms on weather radars. NOAA 
is directed to provide the Committee with the results of this 
study upon completion and recommendations regarding the Federal 
Aviation Administration obstruction evaluation process under 49 
U.S.C. 44718.
    National Ice Center Technical Transfer.--The Committee 
adopts the proposed transfer of the National Ice Center from 
the National Environmental Satellite and Data Information 
Service [NESDIS] to NWS.
    National Mesonet Program.--The Committee provides 
$20,000,000, an increase of $1,000,000 over the fiscal year 
2019 level, for the continuation and expansion of the National 
Mesonet Program. Investments going forward should sustain 
coverage of data types and areas now included within the 
national mesonet, as well as an expansion of in-situ and remote 
sensing capabilities to include weather measurements in high-
risk areas. The Committee encourages the National Mesonet 
Program to proactively work with other Federal agencies, 
including the National Science Foundation and the U.S. 
Geological Survey, to identify observations and platforms of 
opportunity in areas with sparse instrumentation that may be 
transferred to the National Mesonet Program.
    NEXRAD Coverage Gaps.--The Committee remains concerned 
about gaps in national coverage by the NEXRAD system. The 
Committee encourages NWS to continue its close coordination 
with local governments and weather officials to ensure that 
radar gaps are lowered to the maximum extent practicable.
    NWS Staffing in Alaska.--The Committee remains concerned 
about potential NWS staffing reductions in Alaska and reminds 
NWS that any staffing changes must comply with the 
reprogramming procedures set forth in section 505 of this act. 
Prior to proposing any staffing reductions, NWS shall conduct 
community outreach meetings in all affected communities.
    National Centers for Environmental Prediction [NCEP].--The 
Committee does not adopt the NWS proposal to consolidate 
centers under NCEP in fiscal year 2020.
    Facilities Maintenance.--Within funding for Analyze, 
Forecast, and Support, the Committee continues to encourage NWS 
to address its highest priority facilities repair and deferred 
maintenance requirements at Weather Forecast Offices.
    Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Services Expansion [AHPS].--
The Committee again rejects NWS's proposal to slow the 
expansion of AHPS, which will enable greater information on the 
magnitude and likelihood of floods and droughts across certain 
areas of the nation. No less than the fiscal year 2019 level is 
provided for AHPS activities.
    National Data Buoy Center [NDBC].--The Committee provides 
sufficient funding to maintain, at a minimum, NDBC operations 
at 80 percent data availability. The Committee directs NOAA to 
provide adequate funding to support maintenance and service of 
the Tropical Atmosphere/Ocean Array and Deep Ocean Assessment 
and Reporting of Tsunamis Array across the equatorial Pacific. 
The Committee further directs NOAA to include a schedule to 
restore existing data buoy operability and its strategy to 
minimize outages in the future as part of the agency's spending 
plan.
    Tsunami Warning Program.--The Committee rejects NWS's 
proposed cut to the Tsunami Warning Program. Funding is 
provided at no less than the fiscal year 2019 amounts, 
including for the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation program 
grants, to ensure that high-quality tsunami watches, warnings, 
and advisories are issued to safeguard lives and property. The 
Committee expects NWS to expeditiously fill the current 
vacancies.
    Further, the Committee directs NWS to submit a report 
explaining: (1) how tsunami warnings are issued and how the 
information is disseminated to all communities under a warning; 
(2) what NWS is doing to ensure that tsunami warnings reach all 
communities, including those with limited cellular service and 
broadband infrastructure; (3) how the alert and warning systems 
work and interact with other emergency notification alert 
systems; (4) how third-party disseminators are educated to 
interpret and use the alert and warning systems, including test 
messages; and (5) what NWS is doing to conduct outreach and 
trainings with local emergency managers in advance of a warning 
being issued.
    Office of Water Prediction [OWP].--The Committee provides 
no less than $33,000,000 for OWP, which receives funding across 
multiple NWS budget lines. The Committee rejects the proposed 
decrease for OWP within Analyze, Forecast, and Support and 
provides increased funding above fiscal year 2019 levels to 
continue to expedite hiring within the National Water Center 
[NWC] Water Prediction Operations Division and reach full 
operating capability. The Committee notes that the 
unprecedented flooding season of 2019 further demonstrates the 
urgent need to achieve full operating capability at the NWC as 
soon as possible in order to adequately support its role as the 
NWS center of excellence for water resources prediction and 
related decision support services. Therefore, NOAA is directed 
to transition OWP personnel from other offices to the NWC, as 
deemed necessary to improve effectiveness and efficiency. 
Within 45 days of enactment of this act, NOAA is directed to 
provide the Committee with an updated staffing plan for the NWC 
that reflects the direction provided herein.
    The Committee is pleased with the ongoing research-to-
operations efforts within OWP and provides increased funding 
over fiscal year 2019 levels to continue to expedite 
development of the National Water Model and other next-
generation water modeling capabilities. NWS shall leverage this 
funding with resources provided to NWS for hydrology and water 
resource programs, NOS for IWP, and OAR for hydrologic modeling 
grants. The Committee directs NWS to continue to expeditiously 
transition the water resources prediction capabilities 
developed by OWP into operations.
    Dissemination Technical Transfer.--The Committee adopts the 
technical transfer of $25,000,000 from PAC to ORF for 
Dissemination.
    Hydrology and Water Resource Programs.--The Committee 
provides no less than $6,000,000 for NWS, in coordination with 
existing academic research consortiums, to collaborate with 
external academic partners to improve fine and large-scale 
measurements of snow depth and soil moisture data that can be 
used to expand and improve the National Water Model and 
contribute directly to the mission of NOAA's National Water 
Center.
    Consumer Option for an Alternative System To Allocate 
Losses [COASTAL] Act Implementation.--Within funding provided 
for Science and Technology Integration, the Committee provides 
not less than $5,000,000 for the continued development and 
implementation of the COASTAL Act, which was included in the 
Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (Public Law 
112-141). The Committee supports NOAA's work to assist 
homeowners impacted by destructive winds and storm surges 
associated with hurricanes and super-storms. The Committee 
directs NOAA to continue to leverage existing Federal assets, 
expertise, and partnerships in carrying out COASTAL Act 
activities.
    Storm Surge Modeling Technology.--The Committee recognizes 
the need to deploy more precise, accurate, and real-time 
modeling technology that is tailored to specific regions. These 
activities would improve and complement NOAA's Sea, Lake, and 
Overland Surge from Hurricanes [SLOSH] model. The Committee 
directs NOAA to expand existing collaborations with research 
universities that will produce better predictive capabilities 
than NOAA's current SLOSH model provides. The Committee directs 
NOAA, in collaboration with academic research institutions and 
other Federal agencies, to integrate improved technologies into 
standard modeling operations for storm surge and inland 
flooding.
    Science and Technology Integration.--The Committee provides 
no less than the fiscal year 2019 level for Mid-Range Weather 
Outlooks, including seasonal to subseasonal forecasting, and 
Investments in Numerical Weather Prediction Modeling, which 
provides critical support to the Hurricane Forecast Improvement 
Project, among other important forecasting activities. 
Furthermore, the Committee urges NOAA to expedite the project 
plan described by the Hurricane Forecast Improvement Act 
(Public Law 115-25). The Committee encourages NWS to reduce 
errors in tracking and intensity forecasts of hurricanes by 
identifying technology and methods available to significantly 
improve hurricane forecasting.

  NOAA NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE, DATA AND INFORMATION SERVICE

    The Committee's recommendation provides $259,739,000 for 
National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service 
[NESDIS] operations. NESDIS programs operate environmental 
polar-orbiting and geostationary satellites and collect and 
archive global environmental data and information for 
distribution to users in commerce, industry, agriculture, 
science, and engineering, the general public, and Federal, 
State, and local agencies.
    The Committee's recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

     NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE, DATA AND INFORMATION SERVICE
                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Environmental Satellite Observing Systems:
    Office of Satellite and Product Operations........           166,063
    Product Development, Readiness & Application......            28,434
    Commercial Remote Sensing Licensing & Enforcement.             1,800
    Office of Space Commerce..........................             1,800
    Group on Earth Observations [GEO].................               500
                                                       -----------------
      Total, Environmental Satellite Observing Systems           198,597
                                                       =================
National Centers for Environmental Information........            61,142
                                                       -----------------
      GRAND TOTAL NESDIS..............................           259,739
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    National Centers for Environmental Information [NCEI].--The 
Committee provides $61,142,000 for NCEI, including not less 
than $6,000,000 for Regional Climate Services, $4,150,000 for 
Regional Climate Centers, and $5,500,000 for Coastal Data 
Development. NOAA shall consider the Coastal Data Development 
program as the central repository to manage data collections 
and information services of the various Gulf of Mexico 
Restoration activities funded in response to the 2010 Deepwater 
Horizon oil spill for scientific stewardship. Furthermore, 
within NCEI, the Committee encourages NOAA to fully support 
critical international partnerships, including the Global 
Climate Observing System.
    NESDIS Technical Transfers.--The Committee accepts the 
following technical transfers included in the request within 
the Office of Satellite and Product Operation: the transfer of 
the National Ice Center to NWS, and the transfer of Joint Polar 
Satellite System [JPSS]-1 and Metop-C operations from PAC to 
ORF. The Committee also accepts the transfer of funding for the 
Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation from Product 
Development, Readiness and Application to OAR.
    Office of Space Commerce.--Funding for Commercial Remote 
Sensing Licensing and Enforcement and the Office of Space 
Commerce is provided within NESDIS. Further direction on the 
Department's transfer request for these offices is included 
under Departmental Management.
    Study on Satellite Instrumentation and Data.--The Committee 
directs NOAA to submit a study, within 120 days of enactment of 
this act, which assesses the impacts to the agency's weather 
satellites with instruments operating within the 23.6-24 GHz 
band under an out-of-band emissions limit of -28 decibel watts. 
The study should consider: (1) the performance impacts to on-
orbit and planned NOAA scientific instrumentation, including 
passive microwave sensors on environmental satellite systems; 
(2) any expected effects on NOAA weather forecasting skill due 
to data degradation; and (3) the estimated costs to procure 
supplementary observations or to modify affected 
instrumentation on planned polar orbiting satellites.

                          NOAA MISSION SUPPORT

    The Committee's recommendation provides $288,661,000 for 
NOAA's mission support activities. These programs provide for 
overall NOAA management, including staffing of the Under 
Secretary's office and services to NOAA field offices. These 
programs also support NOAA's Education Office consistent with 
the recommendations of the Joint Ocean Commission.
    Committee recommendations are displayed in the following 
table:

          MISSION SUPPORT OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Corporate Services:
    Executive Leadership..............................            27,078
    Mission Services and Management...................           155,934
    IT Security.......................................            15,079
    Payment to DOC Working Capital Fund...............            62,070
                                                       -----------------
      Total, Corporate Services.......................           260,161
                                                       =================
NOAA Education Program................................            28,500
                                                       =================
      GRAND TOTAL, MISSION SUPPORT....................           288,661
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Corporate Services.--Within funding provided for Corporate 
Services, NOAA is directed to focus on improving workforce 
management, particularly expediting the hiring process to fill 
extended vacancies with highly qualified candidates across the 
agency's line offices. NOAA shall also focus on improving its 
management of acquisition and grant services.
    Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment.--The Committee 
commends the agency for its efforts to provide employees a 
workplace free from sexual assault and sexual harassment, 
including issuance of NOAA Administrative Order [NAO] 202-1106 
and creation of a Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment 
prevention program. The Committee directs NOAA to continue 
implementing NAO 202-1106 and provides $1,000,000 within 
Mission Services and Management for this purpose. NOAA shall 
provide the Committee with a copy of the report required under 
Section 12.02 of NAO 202-1106.
    NMFS Operations.--NOAA shall enter into a contract with an 
independent organization with experience in assessing Federal 
agencies for the purposes of evaluating efficiencies that can 
be made to NMFS's budgetary operations. This review shall 
consider options to restructure the NMFS budget to better 
inform and connect budgetary, planning, and decision-making 
processes with the distinct needs of each region served by 
NMFS. The contracted entity should consult with stakeholders, 
partners, other user groups, and NMFS employees. Any 
recommended changes should not result in any degradation of 
service by NMFS. The Committee provides $1,000,000 for this 
purpose.
    National Capital Region Consolidation.--The Committee 
provides $1,000,000 within Mission Services and Management to 
begin the consolidation of the NOAA National Capital Region 
presence into a single, primary location at the Silver Spring 
Metro Center campus. No less than 90 days after enactment of 
this act, NOAA shall provide a full accounting of the long-term 
costs and savings of the consolidation.
    Commerce Business System [CBS].--The Committee provides the 
requested increase within Mission Services and Management to 
support upgrades to the CBS financial system hardware and 
software.
    NOAA Environmental Security Computing Center [NESCC].--The 
NESCC is a strategic resource supporting both NOAA's 
operational and research compute needs. The NESCC includes some 
of the highest priority NOAA programs including the 
Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite [GOES]-R and 
JPSS backup ground stations, the NOAA Security Operations 
Center, and the Commerce Department Enterprise Security 
Operations Center. The Committee directs NOAA to provide the 
proposed funding levels for NESCC for the next 5 years as part 
of the fiscal year 2021 budget request.
    Cybersecurity.--The Committee provides the requested 
increase within IT Security to establish a NOAA enterprise-wide 
Internal Risk Mitigation capability to address the current risk 
to sensitive data and operations systems from insider threats.
    Education.--The Committee rejects the proposal to eliminate 
NOAA's Office of Education. Within the funds provided for 
NOAA's Education Program, $5,000,000 is for competitive 
educational grants, which includes continued support for 
Environmental Literacy Grants and for improving geographic 
literacy; $16,000,000 is for the Educational Partnership 
Program with minority-serving institutions; and $7,500,000 is 
for Bay-Watershed Education and Training regional programs. 
NOAA is encouraged to engage students in live, interactive 
programming using telepresence technology.
    Cooperative Science Center for Ocean Education.--The 
Committee supports this important effort to conduct research, 
build institutional capacity, and increase the number of 
graduate students, particularly from underrepresented 
communities, to help prepare a future workforce to support 
NOAA's scientific mission.
    Outstanding Loan Balances.--The Committee encourages NOAA 
and its respective line offices to work with communities and 
businesses, on a case-by-case basis, to resolve outstanding 
balances in a manner that considers the borrower's current 
financial ability but remains fair to American taxpayers.

             NOAA OFFICE OF MARINE AND AVIATION OPERATIONS

    The Committee's recommendation provides $246,415,000 for 
NOAA's marine and aviation operations. The Office of Marine and 
Aviation Operations [OMAO] provides aircraft and marine data 
acquisition, repair, and maintenance of the existing fleet; 
planning of future modernization; and technical and management 
support for NOAA-wide activities through the NOAA Commissioned 
Officer Corps.

   OFFICE OF MARINE AND AVIATION OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Marine Operations and Maintenance.....................           198,000
Aviation Operations...................................            35,750
Autonomous Unmanned Technology Operations.............            12,665
                                                       -----------------
      GRAND TOTAL, OMAO...............................           246,415
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Capital Assets.--Any decisions related to laying up any 
vessels, grounding any aircraft, or decommissioning any capital 
asset are subject to the standard reprogramming procedures set 
forth in section 505 of this act. Any changes from the spending 
plan shall also be subject to section 505 of this act. NOAA 
shall continue to provide the Committee with a monthly 
operational status of the fleet and aircraft.
    Hi`ialakai Operations and Mitigation.--The Committee notes 
the significant, unexpected negative revelations regarding the 
material condition of NOAA Ship Hi`ialakai. These discoveries 
reveal that the crew of Hi`ialakai was subjected to risk from a 
potentially catastrophic failure of the ship's hull. These 
issues also frustrate the Committee's efforts to establish an 
orderly cadence for the recapitalization of the aging NOAA 
Fleet. Neither is acceptable. In order to compensate for the 
unexpected failure of Hi`ialakai, the Committee provides no 
less than $3,125,000 for the cost of maintaining mission 
integrity in the Pacific region, and other appropriate 
measures. NOAA shall report to the Committee about how the 
Hi`ialakai mission will be sufficiently covered before 
obligating the funds, including any plans to permanently or 
temporarily re-locate vessels to the Pacific Island region to 
compensate for the loss of the Hi`ialakai.
    Vessel Maintenance.--The Committee directs NOAA to develop 
and submit a schedule within 30 days of enactment of this act 
to complete the material condition assessment of the full NOAA 
fleet by the end of fiscal year 2020. NOAA's fleet 
recapitalization plan should be amended as needed in order to 
account for any further anomalies that threaten fleet 
operations and the planned cadence for recapitalization.
    NOAA Fleet Augmentation.--NOAA is directed to provide the 
Committee, within 180 days of enactment of this act, a business 
case analysis, including budget estimates, for leasing and 
chartering non-NOAA vessels that would fully cover the mission 
of NOAA Ship Hi`ialakai and any NOAA vessel that is currently 
serving beyond its anticipated service-life.
    Charter Vessels.--The Committee has closely followed and 
consistently supported NOAA's plan to recapitalize its vessel 
fleet. However, the Committee is increasingly concerned about 
the growing backlog of unfulfilled responsibilities in NOAA's 
charting and survey mission, particularly with respect to 
Arctic waters. This concern is heightened by the long lead 
times anticipated for vessel delivery under the plan, as well 
as the recent decommissioning of NOAA ship Hi`ialakai. For that 
reason, the committee encourages NOAA, beginning in fiscal year 
2020 and from available funds, to enter into charter agreements 
for the services of not less than two private sector vessels to 
supplement its charting and survey efforts. In furtherance of 
this directive, NOAA shall focus on the need to conduct 
charting and survey activities in the Arctic.
    Monitoring of Atmospheric Rivers.--Improving understanding 
of atmospheric rivers is critical to prepare for concentrated 
rain storms and flooding along the U.S. West Coast. Therefore, 
the Committee provides $1,000,000 within Aviation Operations to 
better observe and predict these extreme weather events.
    Dropsondes.--The Committee recognizes the importance of 
dropsondes as a critical tool for atmospheric data collection, 
including for hurricane forecast modeling. The Committee 
directs NOAA to provide, within 90 days of enactment of this 
act, a comprehensive accounting of its dropsonde use for data 
collection, including acquisition costs, for fiscal year 2019. 
Furthermore, the Committee encourages NOAA to outline specific 
dropsonde acquisition costs as part of its fiscal year 2021 
budget request.
    High Altitude Hurricane Hunter Aircraft.--The Weather 
Research and Forecasting Innovation Act of 2017 (Public Law 
115-25) directed NOAA to obtain a back-up capability to support 
its high altitude hurricane surveillance operational mission. 
In fiscal year 2018, the Committee provided NOAA with funding 
to procure a new high altitude aircraft, which is expected to 
be operational in fiscal year 2022. However, the Committee is 
concerned that while NOAA awaits delivery of this new aircraft 
it does not currently have a viable back-up capability for the 
high altitude hurricane surveillance mission, particularly 
given that NOAA's current high altitude aircraft is aging and 
has experienced technical issues in the past. Therefore, NOAA 
is directed to report to the Committee within 90 days of 
enactment of this act on how it intends to meet the high 
altitude hurricane surveillance back-up capability requirement.
    Autonomous and Unmanned Technology Operations [AUTO].--The 
Committee approves NOAA's request to establish an unmanned 
systems operations program within OMAO, as authorized by the 
Commercial Engagement through Ocean Technology Act (Public Law 
115-394), and provides $12,665,000. Within the funds provided, 
up to $4,000,000 may be used to continue projects previously 
supported by the Unmanned Aircraft Systems Program Office or 
the Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Demonstration Testbed. 
Further, the Committee provides up to $3,000,000 to continue 
data acquisition from unmanned maritime systems [UMS], as 
defined within Public Law 115-394, as well as for cooperative, 
competitive research and development of UMSs that can serve as 
a cost-effective augmentation for relevant research missions 
and fisheries data collection.
    Furthermore, in establishing the AUTO program office, the 
Committee encourages NOAA to leverage partnerships with 
universities and other Federal agencies, especially the Naval 
Meteorology and Oceanography Command and the Naval Undersea 
Warfare Center, to leverage UMS assets and facilities to 
support program development.
    Unmanned Systems.--The Committee notes the potential of 
unmanned aerial and marine systems as a mechanism to supplement 
the collection of observational data for weather forecasting. 
Therefore, the AUTO program office, in coordination with NWS, 
OAR, and NOS, is directed to provide the Committee with a cost-
benefit analysis, including budgetary estimates, of using 
unmanned aerial and marine systems to expand NOAA's data 
collection capabilities for weather forecasting, including 
high-altitude hurricane missions. The analysis should also 
consider potential opportunities to mitigate limited unmanned 
system availability by sharing platforms with other Federal 
Government agencies, including through reimbursable agreements.

             NOAA PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION AND CONSTRUCTION

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $1,755,349,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   1,406,236,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,552,528,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $1,552,528,000 for 
NOAA's Procurement, Acquisition and Construction [PAC]. The 
recommendation is $202,821,000 below the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $146,292,000 above the budget request.
    Committee recommendations are displayed in the following 
table:

                PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION AND CONSTRUCTION
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Ocean Service:
    National Estuarine Research Reserve Construction..             6,000
    Marine Sanctuaries Construction/Acquisition.......             6,000
                                                       -----------------
      Total National Ocean Service--PAC...............            12,000
                                                       =================
Ocean and Atmospheric Research:
    Research Super Computing..........................            41,000
                                                       =================
National Weather Service:
    Observations......................................            16,250
    Central Processing................................            66,761
    Dissemination.....................................             9,934
    WFO Construction..................................            10,000
                                                       -----------------
      Total, National Weather Service--PAC............           102,945
                                                       =================
National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information
 Services:
    Geostationary Systems [GOES-R]....................           304,056
    Polar Weather Satellites..........................           755,038
    Cooperative Data and Rescue Services [CDARS]......            14,850
    Space Weather Follow-on...........................            68,600
    COSMIC-2..........................................             5,892
    Satellite Ground Services.........................            58,000
    System Architecture and Advanced Planning.........            17,197
    Projects, Planning, and Analysis..................            37,500
    Satellite CDA Facility............................             2,450
    Commercial Weather Data...........................             8,000
                                                       -----------------
      Total, NESDIS--PAC..............................         1,271,583
                                                       =================
Mission Support:
    NOAA Construction.................................            40,000
                                                       -----------------
      Total, Mission Support--PAC.....................            40,000
                                                       =================
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations:
    Fleet Capital Improvements & Tech Infusion........            23,000
    New Vessel Construction...........................            75,000
                                                       -----------------
      Total, OMAO--PAC................................            98,000
                                                       =================
Unobligated balances from prior years.................           -13,000
                                                       -----------------
      GRAND TOTAL, PAC................................         1,552,528
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    National Estuarine Research Reserve [NERR] Construction.--
The Committee provides $6,000,000 for NERR Construction to 
support the infrastructure needs of the NERR system. NOAA shall 
continue to follow direction provided by the Committee in 
Senate Report 115-275 and codified in Public Law 116-6 
regarding NERR Construction. The Committee again requests a 
report, no later than 90 days after enactment of this act, 
should any new construction projects at NERR sites receive 
accreditation from a third-party green building rating system.
    National Marine Sanctuaries Construction.--The Committee 
provides $6,000,000 for PAC needs throughout the sanctuaries 
system. Within funding provided, the Committee encourages NOAA 
to prioritize recapitalization of National Marine Sanctuaries 
vessels.
    High Performance Computing.--The Committee recognizes 
NOAA's high performance computing needs and its current 
limitations on providing high fidelity results in near real-
time. Within funding provided for OAR Research Supercomputing, 
$15,000,000 shall be used to continue to develop a dedicated 
high performance computing facility in collaboration with 
partners that have existing high performance computing 
expertise and scientific synergies.
    National Weather Service.--The Committee provides the 
requested amount for National Weather Service Observations to 
continue the Next Generation Weather Radar and the Automated 
Surface Observing System Service Life Extension Programs as 
planned.
    Integrated Water Prediction.--The Committee provides no 
less than the fiscal year 2019 enacted level for Central 
Processing under NWS PAC, which includes not less than 
$4,500,000 to procure operational high performance computing 
resources to enable modeling improvements associated with the 
IWP initiative.
    Polar Weather Satellites.--The Committee provides 
$755,038,000 for Polar Weather Satellites, which is equal to 
the request. The Committee approves combining the Joint Polar 
Satellite System and Polar Weather Follow-on [PFO] program 
offices. However, section 104 of this act maintains language 
capping the life cycle cost of JPSS to $11,322,125,000 and the 
Committee expects NESDIS to maintain the PFO cost and schedule 
and looks forward to the program re-baselining as part of the 
Key Decision Point-C review occurring in fiscal year 2020. The 
Committee also adopts the technical transfer of JPSS-1 
operations funding within Polar Weather Satellites from PAC to 
ORF.
    Space Weather Follow-on [SWFO].--The Committee provides 
$68,600,000 for Space Weather Follow-on. Within the funding 
provided above the request, the Committee expects NOAA to 
maintain its expected SWFO Lagrangian Point-1 mission pace, 
including signing a contract for the spacecraft no later than 
quarter four of fiscal year 2020. NOAA shall also begin 
preparations to integrate a compact coronagraph on GOES-U to 
ensure continuation of Federal space weather sentinel and 
forecasting capabilities.
    NESDIS Reorganization.--The Committee does not adopt the 
proposed NESDIS budget and staffing reorganization. However, 
NESDIS is encouraged to re-submit the proposed staffing 
reorganization pursuant to the procedures set forth in section 
505 of this act. NESDIS's proposed budget restructure will 
continue to be considered, and NOAA is encouraged to provide 
the Committee a revised proposal that clearly articulates the 
benefits of the reorganization and how current levels of 
program visibility will be maintained. The Committee is 
concerned that collapsing and combining individual projects, 
programs, and activities will reduce programmatic visibility 
and hinder the Committee's oversight capabilities.
    System Architecture and Advanced Planning.--The Committee 
provides no less than $2,000,000 for Joint Venture Partnerships 
with NASA and the commercial sector to leverage emerging 
capabilities for NOAA's operational use. The Committee also 
provides up to $10,000,000 for potential flight demonstrations 
and industry analyses to assess ways to meet NOAA's future 
observation requirements from geostationary and extended 
orbits.
    Metop-SG.--The Committee provides the requested funding to 
support Metop-SG within Projects, Planning, and Analysis.
    Commercial Weather Data.--The Committee provides $3,000,000 
to support the assessment and potential use of commercial data 
in NOAA's weather modeling and forecasting through pilot 
purchases of commercial data.
    The Committee also provides $5,000,000 to initiate 
commercial purchase of radio occultation [RO] data for 
operational use. NOAA shall provide the Committee with a cost-
benefit analysis of the commercial purchase of RO data 180 days 
after the obligation of these funds.
    NOAA Satellite Reporting.--The Committee directs NOAA to 
provide quarterly programmatic and procurement status reports 
of all satellites actively orbiting, in space but in standby 
mode, and under development unless any reprogramming, system 
failure, construction delay, or other extraordinary 
circumstance warrants an immediate update. As part of the 
agency's quarterly satellite briefing, NOAA shall include 
updates on preparations and enhancements necessary to 
accommodate an increased volume of satellite data and shall 
compare initial cost estimates to actual expenditures.
    Facilities Maintenance.--The Committee provides $40,000,000 
for NOAA's highest priority facilities repair and deferred 
maintenance requirements. Within provided funds, NOAA shall 
complete regional facilities plans for the Northeast and 
Southeast. Thirty days before obligating any additional funds, 
NOAA shall submit a report detailing how the funds will be 
expended and an explanation of why these projects were 
prioritized. The Committee notes that funding may be used for 
facilities to accommodate the NOAA research vessels Henry B. 
Bigelow and Fairweather.
    NOAA Alaska Marine Operation Facility.--The Committee is 
aware that NOAA is currently conducting an analysis of 
alternatives that is considering homeport options, including 
multiple locations in Alaska, for the NOAA research vessel 
Fairweather. NOAA is directed to complete this analysis and 
provide the results to the Committee within 180 days of 
enactment of this act. Furthermore, the Committee encourages 
NOAA to coordinate with the U.S. Coast Guard to consider cost-
share opportunities in the development of shore side 
infrastructure needed to support the research vessel 
Fairweather in Ketchikan.
    Vessel Deferred Maintenance and Technology Infusion.--The 
Committee has made a concerted effort over the past few fiscal 
years to help NOAA increase the number of available days at sea 
on the NOAA fleet by providing sufficient deferred maintenance 
funding within both ORF and PAC. The Committee expects that 
NOAA will continue to make progress and implement a progressive 
maintenance model to avoid future issues. To that end, the 
funding provided above the request for Fleet Capital 
Improvements and Technology Infusion shall be for deferred 
maintenance and technology infusion to transition to a 
progressive maintenance model.
    NOAA Fleet Recapitalization.--The Committee is pleased that 
NOAA's fiscal year 2020 budget request includes $75,000,000 for 
new vessel construction, which follows the Committee's 
direction and tempo for revitalizing the agency's aging fleet.
    Buy American Provisions.--In recognition of the economic 
and national security importance of the domestic shipbuilding 
industrial base, the Committee included language in Senate 
Report 115-275, codified in Public Law 116-6, reminding DOC, 
NASA, and NSF of the Buy American provisions contained in law 
that apply to the Department of Defense, which require certain 
critical shipboard components to be domestically manufactured. 
The Committee urged these departments and agencies to make 
every effort to acquire, consistent with schedule and cost 
competition requirements, only U.S. manufactured components as 
listed in 10 U.S.C. 2534(a)(3) and (4), and auxiliary equipment 
(including pumps) for shipboard services, propulsion equipment 
(including engines, reduction gears, and propellers); shipboard 
cranes; and spreaders for shipboard cranes. Further, in Senate 
Report 115-139, codified in Public Law 115-141, the Committee 
urged NOAA to make every effort to acquire domestically 
manufactured components for the vessels in the NOAA Fleet 
Recapitalization Plan. The Committee reiterates this direction 
as it relates to fiscal year 2020 and directs the Department to 
report how this direction was reflected in the ongoing Fleet 
Recapitalization Plan.

                  PACIFIC COASTAL SALMON RECOVERY FUND

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $65,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................................
Committee recommendation................................      65,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $65,000,000 for the 
Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery Fund [PCSRF]. The 
recommendation is equal to the fiscal year 2019 enacted level 
and $65,000,000 above the budget estimate. Funds are for 
conservation and restoration of Pacific salmon populations. 
State and local recipients of this funding will provide 
matching contributions of at least 33 percent of Federal funds. 
In addition, funds will be available to tribes without a 
matching requirement.
    NOAA is directed to report on how its current priorities 
meet the intent of the PCSRF to support the recovery and 
protection of all declining salmon stocks.

                      FISHERMEN'S CONTINGENCY FUND

Appropriations, 2019....................................        $349,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................         349,000
Committee recommendation................................         349,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $349,000 for the 
Fishermen's Contingency Fund. The recommendation is equal to 
both the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and the President's 
request.

                   FISHERIES FINANCE PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Appropriations, 2019....................................     -$8,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      -8,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      -8,000,000

    The Committee recommends that direct loans administered 
through this account for individual fishing quotas may not 
exceed $24,000,000. Traditional direct loans may not exceed 
$100,000,000, which is the same as the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level and budget request. The Committee encourages NOAA to 
facilitate new vessel construction, vessel replacement, and 
upgrades within the Fisheries Finance Program to the greatest 
extent practicable.

                                 OTHER


                        Departmental Management


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $63,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      79,107,000
Committee recommendation................................      61,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $61,000,000 for 
Departmental Management Salaries and Expenses. The 
recommendation is $2,000,000 below the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level and $18,107,000 below the budget request.
    Within Departmental Management, the Salaries and Expenses 
account provides funding for the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, 
and support staff. Responsibilities involve policy development 
and implementation affecting U.S. and international activities, 
as well as establishing internal goals for operations of the 
Department.
    Not less than 90 days after enactment of this act, the 
Department shall submit to the Committee a report detailing 
actions taken to cut costs and a detailed account of funds 
saved by such actions across the Department's bureaus.
    Responsiveness to Congress.--In fiscal year 2018, the 
Committee held two hearings with representatives from the 
Department of Commerce: (1) a hearing to review the 
Department's fiscal year 2019 budget request, on May 10, 2018; 
and (2) a hearing to review the fiscal year 2019 budget request 
for and the activities of BIS and ITA, on September 6, 2018. 
Following each hearing, the Committee promptly submitted 
questions for the record [QFRs] to the Department and requested 
that responses be submitted within 30 days. However, for each 
hearing the Department exceeded the 30 day response deadline 
and took 301 days and 249 days, respectively, to submit the 
answers to the Committee. This is unacceptable. Therefore, the 
Committee withholds 50 percent of funding for the Office of 
Policy and Strategic Planning within Departmental Management, 
Salaries and Expenses, until the Department submits responses 
to the QFRs that were submitted following the hearing to review 
the Department's fiscal year 2020 budget request, on April 2, 
2019.
    Working Capital Funds.--For each of the three working 
capital funds within DOC, the following are to be provided to 
the Committee and the Office of Inspector General by November 
30 of each year: (1) A comparison of the final budget or 
spending plan at the project or activity level to the actual 
year-end data as of September 30 of the prior fiscal year, 
including detailed narratives for variances greater than 5 
percent at the project or activity level; (2) the initial 
budget or spending plan by project or activity for the current 
fiscal year; and (3) a detailed schedule of fiscal year-end 
unobligated and carryover balances by source funding category 
and by expiring budget fiscal year, to include: direct 
authority, Federal and intragovernmental reimbursable authority 
by trading partner, non-Federal reimbursable authority, amounts 
held for future asset replacement, and other categories.
    Department of Commerce Working Capital Fund.--The Committee 
has taken note of the rising operating expenses of the DOC 
Working Capital Fund and is concerned that these costs are 
attributable, in part, to the inclusion of Working Capital Fund 
projects that do not qualify as a ``central service''. 
Therefore, as part of the fiscal year 2021 budget request, the 
Department is directed to provide justification that clearly 
articulates why each Advancements and Reimbursements account 
and Working Capital Fund project administered by the Office of 
Acquisition Management, Office of Budget, Office of the Chief 
Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary for Administration, 
and Chief of Staff should continue to be funded through the 
Working Capital Fund. In fiscal year 2020, the Department is 
directed to fund the Office of Scheduling and Advance from 
funds provided within Departmental Management.
    Staffing Levels.--The Committee is concerned that deficient 
staffing levels and slow hiring rates across DOC are 
encumbering agency performance. Previous efforts to streamline 
hiring practices, including adopting a centrally administered 
shared-services model, have failed to yield the results that 
were promised to the Committee. The Committee believes that 
these issues require the attention of the leadership of the 
Department and a shared commitment with the Bureaus to develop 
and implement corrective action and monitor progress. 
Therefore, the Committee directs the Department, in concert 
with the Bureaus, to develop a renewed human capital strategy 
that will: (1) reduce bureau vacancy rates to below 10 percent 
by December 31, 2020; (2) reduce the average time to execute a 
hiring action to no more than 80 days; and (3) reduce the 
average duration of time that positions remain vacant before 
initiating a hiring action to no more than 100 days. 
Additionally, the Chief Financial Officer and the Chief Human 
Capital Officer of the Department shall provide quarterly 
briefings to the Committee, beginning no later than January 31, 
2020, on all DOC human capital issues, to include: a list of 
funded vacancies, by bureau, type, and location, including the 
length of time the positions have been vacant; a plan and 
explanation for addressing each vacancy, including a target for 
when the vacancy will be filled; and other relevant topics as 
appropriate.
    Small Business Innovation Research.--The Committee 
recognizes the importance of the Small Business Innovation 
Research [SBIR] program and its previous accomplishments in 
facilitating commercial successes from federally funded 
research and development projects. The SBIR program encourages 
small domestic businesses to engage in Federal research and 
development and creates jobs in the smallest firms. The 
Committee therefore directs the DOC to place an increased focus 
on awarding SBIR grants to firms with fewer than 50 people.
    Cybersecurity.--The Committee remains concerned about the 
Department's pace of implementation of the Continuous 
Diagnostics and Mitigation [CDM] program. The Department has 
not yet completed a baseline inventory of all IT assets on its 
networks as part of Phase 1 of CDM. The Committee directs the 
Department, within 60 days of enactment of this act, to provide 
a briefing on the Department's plan for achieving all major 
milestones for Phases 1 through 3 of CDM.
    Rare Earth Elements Manufacturing Cooperative.--The 
Committee notes the economic and national security risks of 
China's near monopoly on rare earth minerals. The Committee 
encourages the Department to study the benefits and feasibility 
of a privately funded and managed Rare Earth Elements 
Manufacturing Cooperative based in the United States to 
minimize Chinese dominance in this critical area.
    Section 232 Investigations.--The Committee reminds the 
Department of the requirement codified in 19 U.S.C. 1862 
(b)(3)(B) that any portions of a report resulting from a 
section 232 investigation, which do not contain classified or 
proprietary information, shall be published in the Federal 
Register at the same time in which the report is transmitted to 
the President. Therefore, the Committee directs the Department 
to immediately publish the applicable portions of the report 
resulting from the section 232 investigation into the imports 
of motor vehicle and automotive parts.
    Space Commerce.--The Committee twice invited senior 
officials from the Department to offer public testimony before 
the Committee on the proposal to establish an Office of Space 
Commerce within the Office of the Secretary, among other 
topics. Unfortunately, both of the individuals refused to 
testify, and the public testimony that was offered did not 
quell the concerns of the Committee, specifically regarding the 
proposed transfer of space traffic management responsibilities 
from the Department of Defense to the DOC. The value of 
commercial opportunities in low Earth orbit is increasing, as 
is the number of objects in orbit around the Earth. Recent near 
misses highlight the need for reliable, actionable space 
traffic management information.
    In order to accurately assess the feasibility, expected 
effectiveness, and funding implications of a transfer of space 
traffic management functions, the Committee directs the 
Secretary, no later than 60 days after enactment of this act, 
to enter into a contract with the National Academy of Public 
Administration [the Academy] to conduct an independent review 
of the proposal. Specifically, the review should include: (1) 
an assessment of which department or agency and entity within 
the department or agency is best suited for responsibility for 
space traffic management; (2) any statutory, regulatory or 
licensing authorities necessary to facilitate such a transfer; 
(3) funding implications, including infrastructure and 
personnel costs; (4) consultation with appropriate officials 
from the Departments of Defense, Commerce, and Transportation, 
NASA, the Director of National Intelligence, other relevant 
Federal agencies, industry, and other stakeholders; and (5) 
data integrity, information technology, and national security 
considerations.
    The Academy shall submit the results of the review to the 
Committee, and all relevant authorizing committees, no later 
than 1 year after the Department has contracted with the 
Academy. Within the funds provided, the Committee has included 
$1,100,000 to conduct this review. This bill continues to 
provide sufficient funds to support the Office of Space 
Commerce, within NOAA NESDIS, and the Committee directs the 
Department to fully utilize its current offices and authorities 
to encourage the commercial use of space.
    Unobligated Balances.--The Committee remains concerned 
about the amount of unobligated funding within DOC. As directed 
in section 507 of this act, the Department is directed to 
continue reporting all unobligated balances to the Committee on 
a quarterly basis.
    Spending Plans.--Under section 533 of this act, the 
Department is required to submit a spending plan within 45 days 
of the enactment of this act. That plan should describe the 
programs, projects, and activities of the Department so that 
the Committee receives detailed descriptions of how the 
Department intends to operationalize the funding provided in 
annual appropriations bills. The Committee expects to recieve a 
detailed accounting of each bureau's spending, including 
reimbursable, fee-funded, or working capital fund spending, 
particularly with regard to specific programs, projects, and 
activities described in the bill and accompanying report. The 
Department shall continue to work with the Committee to ensure 
that its spending plans provide adequate information for 
continued oversight of the Department.
    Bureau Detailees.--The Committee understands that offices 
within the Office of the Secretary are supplementing their 
staffs with detailees that are provided and paid for by the 
bureaus. The practice of taking employees from the bureaus to 
staff the Office of the Secretary is concerning, especially 
when many of the bureaus are struggling to fill vacancies 
amidst increasing mission requirements. In addition, the 
Committee has provided the Department with more than adequate 
funding to support the political and career staffing needs 
within Departmental Management. Therefore, the bill requires 
that all compensation and benefits for employees detailed to 
offices within the Office of the Secretary be paid for with 
funds provided for Departmental Management, Salaries and 
Expenses.

                      RENOVATION AND MODERNIZATION

Appropriations, 2019....................................................
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      $1,100,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,000,000

    The Committee recommendation provides $1,000,000, which is 
$1,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$100,000 below the budget request, for continuing renovation 
activities at the Herbert C. Hoover Building.
    Herbert C. Hoover Building [HCHB] Renovation.--In fiscal 
year 2018, the Committee provided DOC with the full amount 
required for the fifth phase of the HCHB renovation. However, 
those funds still remain unobligated while work on phase five 
has yet to begin, even as phase four of the renovation nears 
completion. In order to avoid any further delays, the Committee 
directs the Department to immediately commence work on phase 
five of the HCHB renovation, focusing on the Secretary of 
Commerce's office and the HCHB Cafeteria facilties, while also 
continuing to work with the General Services Administration to 
secure the additional necessary funding.

               BUSINESS APPLICATION SYSTEM MODERNIZATION

Appropriations, 2019....................................................
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     $22,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      22,000,000
    The Committee recommendation provides $22,000,000, which is 
$22,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal 
to the budget request, to commence phase 1 of the financial 
management and business information technology [IT] 
modernization. The current Business Applications Solutions 
system is outdated and expensive to maintain, and the Committee 
supports the Department's multi-year efforts to update the 
financial IT infrastructure consistent with the Modernizing 
Government Technology Act (Public Law 115-91). However, the 
Committee is concerned about the potential increase of out-year 
costs and directs that the Department provide a 5-year budget 
profile, as part of the fiscal year 2021 budget request.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $32,744,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      33,043,000
Committee recommendation................................      32,744,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $32,744,000 for the 
Office of Inspector General [OIG]. The recommendation is equal 
to the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $299,000 below the 
budget request.
    In addition to funds provided under this heading, the 
Committee has recommended transfers to the OIG: $2,000,000 from 
the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office; $1,302,000 from the 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; $3,556,000 
from the Census Bureau for oversight and audits of those 
activities; and $2,000,000 to be derived from the Public Safety 
Trust Fund for Oversight of First Net. The Committee directs 
the OIG to perform strict oversight activities for satellite 
procurements, cybersecurity, the decennial census, and the 
business application system modernization.
    Working Capital Fund Audits.--The Committee continues to 
direct the OIG to audit all of the working capital funds within 
the Department to evaluate the Department's budgetary controls 
over all funds. The OIG shall assess: the controls in place to 
develop reimbursement formulas; the relationship of 
reimbursements to client services; the appropriateness of the 
level of fund balances; and compliance with appropriations law 
and direction. As part of this assessment, the Inspector 
General shall pay particular attention to the increasing 
amounts of funding needed to support the Department's Office of 
General Counsel, including the justification and metrics for 
how such funding is being levied against each agency and, 
reciprocally, how the agencies account for the services they 
receive from the OIG. If at any point during these audits the 
OIG encounters problems with accessing any necessary 
information or data from the Department, the OIG is directed to 
notify the Committee immediately.
    Audits and Investigations.--The Committee believes that 
robust investigations and audits are essential to rooting out 
waste, fraud, and abuse, but that limiting inquiries only to 
individuals in the Department does not necessarily lead to 
comprehensive findings and recommendations. The Committee 
directs the OIG to modify its policies and procedures to ensure 
that investigations or reports include interviews with all 
parties to the project or program in question, including, but 
not limited to, contractors responsible for projects under 
review. The Committee cautions the OIG against issuing 
preliminary findings prior to interviewing a majority of the 
entities involved with the program or project under 
investigation, unless the OIG believes the findings are time 
sensitive or additional interviews are immaterial.

               General Provisions--Department of Commerce

    Section 101 makes Department funds available for advanced 
payments only upon certification of officials designated by the 
Secretary that such payments are considered to be in the public 
interest.
    Section 102 makes appropriations for salaries and expenses 
available for the hire of passenger motor vehicles, and for 
services, uniforms, and allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 103 provides the authority to transfer funds 
between Department accounts. The provision makes transfers 
subject to the Committee's standard reprogramming procedures 
and requires notification to the Committee prior to capital 
asset disposal.
    Section 104 extends congressional notification requirements 
for the NOAA satellite programs.
    Section 105 provides authority for the Secretary to furnish 
certain services within the Herbert C. Hoover Building.
    Section 106 clarifies that grant recipients under the 
Department may continue to deter child pornography, copyright 
infringement, or any other unlawful activity over their 
networks.
    Section 107 provides NOAA the authority to share resources 
with entities outside the agency.
    Section 108 requires that, before charging for 
congressional reports, the National Technical Information 
Service [NTIS] advise the public of free ways to receive or 
access these reports. For those reports that cannot be found 
free of charge or when a customer requires a mailed, hard copy, 
NTIS may only charge a de minimus copying and mailing fee.
    Section 109 allows NOAA to be reimbursed by Federal and 
non-Federal entities for performing certain activities.
    The Committee remains concerned that agreements for 
offsetting collections provided for under this section could 
result in a conflict of interest, or the appearance of a 
conflict of interest, for the Department. The Department is 
directed to exercise caution and consider any unintended 
consequences that could result from such agreements including, 
but not limited to, augmentation of appropriations, initiation 
of new programs not authorized by this act or any other act of 
Congress, and liabilities extending beyond the period of any 
such agreement. The Department shall provide to the Committee 
monthly updates on all offsetting fee collections, including 
each entity participating in the agreement, as well as the 
terms of and specific activities funded by the agreement. 
Additionally, estimates of anticipated fee collections shall be 
included in the Department's annual spend plans. To further 
ensure the Committee maintains sufficient oversight for 
activities carried out under this section, language is included 
specifying that any offsetting collection would require the 
consent of each party subject to the agreement and all 
offsetting collections shall be subject to procedures set forth 
by section 505 of this act.
    Section 110 provides authority for the programs of the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Bureau of the Census to 
enter into cooperative agreements in order to assist in 
improving statistical methodology and research.

                                TITLE II

                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

    The Committee recommends a total of $32,446,203,000 for the 
DOJ. The recommendation is $1,511,815,000 above the fiscal year 
2019 funding level and $1,834,177,000 above the budget request. 
The Committee's recommendation emphasizes key priorities 
regarding funding for the Department's critical ongoing 
missions and activities to protect the safety, security, and 
rights of our citizens.
    Fighting the Heroin and Opioid Epidemic.--The Committee 
continues its commitment to helping States and local 
communities in the fight against heroin and the illegal use of 
opioids through comprehensive programs covering law 
enforcement, prevention, and treatment. A total of $505,000,000 
in DOJ grant funding is provided to help State and local 
partners tackle this epidemic, an increase of $37,000,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 level, including increased funding for 
programs covered under the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery 
Act and Community Oriented Policing Services [COPS] Anti-Heroin 
Task Forces. The Drug Enforcement Administration [DEA] is 
funded at $2,783,152,000, an increase of $95,449,000, which 
will allow for the continuation of heroin enforcement teams as 
well as other interdiction and intervention efforts, including 
expansion of DEA's 360 Strategy.
    Combating the Continued Methamphetamine Crisis.--The 
Committee notes that in addition to the heroin and opioid 
epidemic, many communities and families continue to suffer from 
a longstanding and reemerging methamphetamine crisis. In many 
States, particularly in rural areas, methamphetamine-related 
deaths vastly outnumber those from heroin. The Committee 
recognizes the strain methamphetamines place on families, 
communities, rural health providers, and law enforcement 
agencies, including the disproportionate burden to American 
Indian tribes. The Committee continues its commitment to fight 
methamphetamine trafficking and use by providing $12,000,000 
for competitive grants under the COPS Anti-Methamphetamine Task 
Forces program as well as $10,000,000 provided to DEA to help 
State and local law enforcement for methamphetamine lab cleanup 
and container programs. The Committee also notes that the 
funding provided in COPS for tribal resources can be used for 
anti-methamphetamine efforts, as well as the funding provided 
for Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Abuse 
Programs [COSSAP].
    Trafficking in Persons.--The Department shall dedicate no 
less than the fiscal year 2019 levels for the Human Trafficking 
Prosecution Unit [HPTU], the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
[FBI], and the U.S. Attorneys' Offices [USAO] to investigate 
and prosecute crimes of human trafficking. For fiscal year 
2020, the Committee looks forward to reviewing, on an annual 
basis, the HTPU report on human trafficking victims as well as 
the FBI report on Innocence Lost Operations, as directed by 
Senate Report 115-275 and codified in Public Law 116-6. The 
Committee also expects the designation of a lead agent in each 
FBI field office as a point of contact for slavery and human 
trafficking investigations, a point of contact in each USAO who 
shall serve as the coordinator for all activities within that 
office concerning human trafficking and forced labor matters, 
otherwise referred to as the Human Trafficking Justice 
Coordinator for the district, and an update regarding improved 
processes that enable survivors with T-visas to obtain an 
expedited letter of support from the Department when their 
criminal case is closed, as required by Senate Report 115-275 
and codified in Public Law 116-6. The Committee directs the 
Department to report to the Committee no later than 120 days 
following enactment of this act on: (1) the total number of 
human trafficking cases the Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit 
prosecuted or assisted in prosecuting within the last 3 years 
disaggregated by type of trafficking, (2) the number of 
Assistant U.S. Attorneys who received training on human 
trafficking within the last 3 years, and (3) the number of 
Assistant U.S. Attorneys who received training on restitution 
for human trafficking victims within the last 3 years.
    Multi-Disciplinary Task Force Addressing Human Trafficking 
in International Waters.--The Committee remains frustrated that 
the Department still has not submitted the report on the 
findings of a multi-disciplinary task force addressing human 
trafficking to harvest fish in international waters. The final 
report was due by March 23, 2019, as directed by Senate Report 
115-275 and codified in Public Law 116-6 and is now well 
overdue. The Committee directs that this report be submitted 
within 15 days of enactment of this act.
    Best Practices in Delivering Justice for Victims of Sex 
Trafficking.--Section 8 of the Abolish Human Trafficking Act of 
2017 (Public Law 115-392) requires the Attorney General to 
issue guidance to all offices and components of the Department: 
(1) clarifying that individuals who knowingly solicit or 
patronize human trafficking victims are guilty of an offense 
under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000; (2) 
recommending and implementing best practices for the collection 
of special assessments under section 3014 of title 18 
(including civil liens); and (3) clarifying that commercial 
exploitation is a form of gender-based violence for the purpose 
of Department of Justice Programs. By law, this guidance was 
required to be issued no later than June 21, 2019. The 
Committee is extremely disappointed that the Department has yet 
to issue this guidance required under section 8 of Public Law 
115-392 and Senate Report 115-275, codified in Public Law 116-
6. The Department shall immediately issue this overdue guidance 
as required by law, and shall notify the Committee when this 
guidance is disseminated and provide full content.
    Domestic Trafficking Victims Fund Special Assessments.--
Section 101 of The Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 
2015 (Public Law 114-22) mandated the collection of a $5,000 
special assessment from persons convicted of certain Federal 
offenses related to human trafficking and sexual exploitation. 
Funds from this special assessment are to be deposited into the 
Domestic Trafficking Victims Fund operated by the Department of 
Justice. The Committee encourages the Attorney General to use 
funds provided under this bill to ensure that assistant United 
States attorneys are specifically trained on the mandatory 
nature and enforcement of this special assessment, including 
the imposition of liens under 18 U.S.C. 3613, to provide 
additional funding, resources, and services for the victims of 
human trafficking and law enforcement officials involved in the 
elimination of this crime.
    Human Trafficking Justice Coordinators.--Section 15 of the 
Abolish Human Trafficking Act of 2017 (Public Law 115-392) 
required the Attorney General to designate an official as the 
Department of Justice Coordinator who shall coordinate human 
trafficking efforts within the Department within 60 days of 
enactment of this act. The act also required the Attorney 
General to designate not less than one assistant United States 
attorney in each Federal judicial district to serve as the 
Human Trafficking Justice Coordinator for the district, who 
shall work with a human-trafficking victim witness specialist 
and be responsible for implementing the national strategy to 
combat human trafficking, prosecute human trafficking cases, 
conduct public outreach and awareness activities, coordinate 
with victim service providers, and ensure the collection of 
restitution for victims of human trafficking. The Committee 
directs the Attorney General to use necessary funds provided 
for the salaries and expenses of USAO to carry out this 
provision. The Department shall submit a report to the 
Committee within 30 days of enactment of this act regarding its 
progress in designating Human Trafficking Coordinators, the 
work being completed in each district, and the work 
accomplished thus far by the Department Coordinator.
    Implementation of the Child Protection Improvements Act.--
The Child Protection Improvements Act [CPIA] was included as 
Division S, Title I of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 
2018 (Public Law 115-141). Under CPIA, the Department was 
directed to establish a program to provide access to FBI 
fingerprint based background checks within 1 year of the date 
of enactment of this act to qualified entities serving 
vulnerable populations, including children, individuals with 
disabilities, and the elderly, who wish to use them as part of 
their background screening processes for those who may come 
into contact with these populations, including staff and 
volunteers. This law was necessary as organizations serving 
these groups do not necessarily have access to FBI checks 
through their existing state criminal history records systems.
    CPIA became law on March 23, 2018, but the Department has 
failed to implement CPIA. The Committee directs the Department 
to immediately establish a program in accordance with the law 
and post its progress on the Department's website so as to not 
cause further delay in assisting these organizations in keeping 
individuals safe from harm.
    Intellectual Property Rights [IPR] Enforcement.--The 
Committee expects the Department to continue to make IPR 
enforcement an investigative and prosecutorial priority. 
Sophisticated, often transnational, criminal enterprises engage 
in a range of illegal activity, including identity theft, 
connected to the theft of copyrighted content. Given the strong 
links to other illegal activity, the Department's IP-dedicated 
personnel should investigate U.S.-based sites and applications 
that are engaged in such criminal activity. The FBI shall 
submit a report to the Committee, not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this act, detailing the activities of its 
dedicated agents investigating IPR cases, particularly in the 
area of creative content theft.
    The Committee reminds USAO to remain focused on IPR crimes. 
Based on a new wave of digital copyright piracy involving 
devices and software that connect televisions directly to 
copyright-theft sites, the Committee directs the USAOs to place 
an emphasis on the investigation and prosecution of criminal 
enterprises distributing such illicit copyright-theft devices.
    Cybersecurity.--The Department has several offices with 
cybersecurity responsibilities, including those within the FBI, 
the National Security Division, the Criminal Division [CRM], 
and USAO. The Committee directs the Department to maintain its 
cybersecurity posture at no less than the fiscal year 2019 
level to defend and respond to current and emerging attacks, 
including insider threats, that threaten its own infrastructure 
and activities.
    Strengthening Police-Community Relations.--The Committee 
continues to recognize and support the important need for 
lasting collaborative relationships between local police and 
the public and provides $82,000,000 for State and Local Law 
Enforcement Assistance and COPS Office grant programs related 
to police community relations. Strong partnerships between the 
police and the communities they protect reduce crime, ensure 
that citizens' civil rights are protected, and improve officer 
safety.
    National Incident-Based Reporting Systems [NIBRS] 
Compliance.--The Committee supports the FBI's June 10, 2016, 
guidance affirming the Criminal Justice Information Services 
[CJIS] Advisory Policy Board recommendation that all law 
enforcement agencies be NIBRS compliant by January 1, 2021. The 
FBI's NIBRS captures detailed crime incident data, beyond what 
the Uniform Crime Reporting System currently tracks, such as 
arrests and officer-involved shootings, which is not only 
critical in aiding State and local law enforcement agencies as 
they work to keep our communities safe, but also increases 
transparency and accountability of law enforcement to the 
public.
    Constitutional Policing.--The Committee directs the 
Department to enforce constitutional policing statutes, 
including 34 U.S.C. 12601, which may require the use of consent 
decrees as necessary, where constitutional policing standards 
are not being upheld.
    Enforcement of Federal Hate Crimes Laws.--The Committee is 
concerned by a rise in reported incidents of bias-motivated and 
hate crimes in the United States in the last several years, 
including attacks on and threats against places of worship. The 
Committee notes that the FBI's annual report of hate crimes 
statistics for 2017 detailed a 17 percent increase in bias-
motivated crimes from 2016. The Committee also notes that the 
FBI's report only includes information voluntarily provided to 
the Bureau, and likely reflects an undercount in the amount of 
bias-motivated crime.
    The Committee appreciates the Department's efforts on 
addressing community conflict and preventing bias-motivated 
crime through the work of the Community Relations Service 
[CRS], as well as the work of the Civil Rights Division [CRT], 
U.S. Attorneys across the country, and the FBI's work to 
enforce the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes 
Prevention Act. In light of these ongoing trends regarding hate 
crimes, the Committee directs the Department to continue to 
prioritize its work to address these crimes, which effect 
entire communities.
    Combating Domestic Terrorism.--The Committee is concerned 
by the significant threat posed by violent domestic terrorists 
and extremists and directs FBI and the Department to vigorously 
investigate and prosecute incidents of domestic terrorism. The 
Committee directs the Domestic Terrorism Executive Committee to 
meet on a regular basis and coordinate with United States 
Attorneys and other key public safety officials across the 
country to promote information sharing and ensure an effective, 
responsive, and organized joint effort to combat domestic 
terrorism. The Committee further directs the Department to 
review the antiterrorism training and resource programs that 
the Department provides to Federal, State, local, and tribal 
law enforcement agencies, including the State and Local Anti-
Terrorism Program, and ensure that such programs include 
training and resources to assist State, local, and tribal law 
enforcement agencies in understanding, detecting, 
investigating, deterring, and prosecuting acts of domestic 
terrorism and violent extremism.
    The Committee directs the Department to report to the 
Committees on Appropriations and Judiciary, within 90 days of 
enactment of this act, on the Department's assessment of the 
domestic terrorism threat, including potential infiltration of 
Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies and the 
uniformed services; and an analysis of incidents or attempted 
incidents of domestic terrorism and extremism that occurred in 
the United States during the preceding fiscal year. This report 
should include a break out of the groups and factions deemed to 
be domestic terrorists and violent extremists, and a 
corresponding break out of the Department resources used to 
deter, combat, and prosecute acts of domestic terrorism and 
extremism.
    Addressing Violent Crime.--The Committee supports the 
Department's ongoing commitment to address violent crime around 
the country and encourages the Department to continue to devote 
key law enforcement resources, including Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives [ATF], FBI, DEA, and U.S. 
Marshals Service [USMS] personnel, to high crime areas, both 
urban and rural, experiencing ongoing episodes of violent 
crime.
    Human Rights Crimes.--The Committee remains concerned by 
the large number of suspected serious human rights violators 
from foreign countries who have found safe haven in the United 
States and directs CRM and USAO to increase efforts to 
investigate and prosecute these crimes, including genocide, 
torture, use or recruitment of child soldiers, war crimes, and 
other crimes committed by human rights violators. For this 
purpose, the Committee's recommendation supports continued 
funding for CRM and USAO to investigate and prosecute these 
cases.
    The Committee is concerned by the low number of 
investigations and prosecutions of human rights violators and 
directs the Department to report to the Committees on 
Appropriations and Judiciary, within 90 days of enactment of 
this act, on all related investigations and prosecutions within 
each of the last five fiscal years, including the efforts of 
CRM and USAO to increase the number of prosecutions, and any 
organizational or legal impediments to investigating and 
prosecuting these cases.
    Leveraging Facilities.--The Department's mission to combat 
terrorism, both internationally and domestically, has grown 
exponentially over the past decade and unfortunately continues 
to rapidly expand. Activities by the Department's law 
enforcement components at Redstone Arsenal are paramount to 
counterterrorism efforts by enabling the analysis and sharing 
of intelligence related to improvised explosive devices 
collected around the world; the teaching and certification of 
all public safety bomb technicians; and the delivery of life-
saving advanced explosives and arson training for explosives 
handlers, bomb technicians, criminal investigators, and 
military explosives ordnance disposal personnel all across the 
nation. While the Committee is fully supportive of these 
efforts, it has repeatedly expressed concerns that the ATF's 
National Center for Explosives Training and Research [NCETR] 
and ATF ranges at the Arsenal are significantly underutilized. 
This underutilization is especially troubling when other DOJ 
components have consistently attempted to acquire additional 
space, including ranges, to accommodate their burgeoning 
workforce. Therefore, the Committee directs the Department to 
conduct an assessment of the NCETR building and ATF ranges, 
including a review of space availability and usage as well as 
efforts undertaken to forge facilities sharing agreements 
between ATF and other Department components, and submit a 
report to the Committee within 90 days of enactment of this act 
on its findings and future plans to ensure NCETR and the ATF 
ranges are fully utilized by the Department.
    Addressing Violence Against Indigenous Women.--The 
Committee is concerned with the ongoing crisis of missing and 
murdered indigenous women, and directs the Department to 
improve coordination, including data sharing, training and 
technical assistance, and other relevant resources, with the 
Bureau of Indian Affairs to better address and prevent violent 
crime in Indian Country.
    Fix NICS.--The Fix NICS Act of 2017 (Public Law 115-141) 
requires DOJ to develop Federal agency and State implementation 
plans for the upload of relevant records to National Instant 
Criminal Background Check System [NICS]. The Committee directs 
DOJ to use all funds and resources necessary to complete such 
implementation plans by the deadline required under the Fix 
NICS Act, not later than March 23, 2020, and directs the 
Attorney General to make all implementation plan compliance 
determinations required no later than September 30, 2019, and 
publish such determinations on its website. The Attorney 
General shall use all necessary resources available under this 
bill to comply with the requirements of Section 103(g) of the 
Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act.
    Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crimes Act.--The 
Committee fully supports the goals of the Emmett Till Unsolved 
Civil Rights Crimes Reauthorization Act of 2016 (Public Law 
114-325) to investigate and prosecute previously unresolved 
civil rights era ``cold case'' murders suspected of having been 
racially motivated, through a partnership among the CRT, the 
FBI, the CRS, State and local law enforcement officials, and 
other eligible entities. To continue supporting Emmett Till 
activities, the Committee urges the Department to use such sums 
as may be necessary from within the base budget for the CRT's 
Cold Case Initiative; for the FBI to pursue Emmett Till Act 
cold cases; and for CRS to partner with law enforcement 
agencies and communities to help resolve conflicts resulting 
from the investigation of unsolved civil rights era cases. 
Additionally, the Committee directs the National Institute of 
Justice, the Bureau of Justice Assistance, and the Office for 
Victims of Crime [OVC] to continue providing grants for cold 
case DNA investigations to aid State and local law enforcement 
agencies in their investigation and prosecution of unsolved 
civil rights cold cases.
    Charging Policies for Drug Offenders.--The Committee 
directs the Department to, within 120 days of enactment, submit 
a report detailing: (1) how often prosecutors seek to deviate 
from Departmental policies and how often such requests are 
granted or denied; (2) the number of drug offenders who are 
eligible for a mandatory minimum offense, but whose cases are 
not charged as a mandatory minimum offenses; (3) the number of 
drug offenders who were eligible for a mandatory minimum 
recidivist enhancement based on a prior drug conviction/s, but 
for whom the Government did not charge accordingly; and (4) the 
number of drug offenders charged with a mandatory minimum, but 
whose cases were ultimately dismissed by the government before 
trial or sentencing, including the mandatory minimum drug 
quantity and type trigger and/or recidivist enhancement.
    Working Capital Fund [WCF].--The Committee expects the 
Department to execute funding to the fullest extent possible 
without any carryover balances. The Committee directs DOJ to 
continue to use the WCF only as a repository for reimbursable 
funds from components and to obligate and execute that funding 
expeditiously. The DOJ shall provide a report to the Committee 
within 45 days of enactment of this act regarding balances in 
the WCF including carryover funds, the intended uses of those 
funds, and a spending plan. The spending plan shall include: 
the amount each component contributes to the WCF; a detailed 
accounting of collections into the WCF from appropriations, 
reimbursable funds, and alternative sources of funding, 
including the Three Percent Fund; a list of settlements and 
collections from the Three Percent Fund in excess of 
$3,000,000, and a categorical accounting of obligations out of 
the WCF including a breakdown of services provided from the 
Department to each component. The Department is further 
directed to provide quarterly updates on the WCF to the 
Committee.
    DOJ Three Percent Fund [Fund] Transparency.--Section 11013 
of the 21st Century Department of Justice Appropriations 
Authorization Act (Public Law 107-273; 116 Stat. 1823; 28 
U.S.C. 527 note) permits the Department to credit 3 percent of 
all amounts collected pursuant to the Department's civil debt 
collection litigation activities to the Department's WCF. Such 
collections are deposited into the Fund, and are intended to be 
separately accounted for and are not to be commingled with 
other amounts in the WCF. Pursuant to statute, the Fund is to 
be used: first, for paying the costs of processing and tracking 
civil and criminal debt-collection litigation, and thereafter, 
for financial systems and for debt-collection-related 
personnel, administrative, and litigation expenses.
    The Committee has repeatedly expressed its concerns that 
the Fund is now supporting initiatives and personnel well 
beyond its primary purposes of financial systems and debt 
collection management. In fact, the Committee is aware that in 
2016 the Fund was supporting nearly 600 full-time equivalents, 
of which only 42 had duties related to the Fund's intended 
purpose. While the statute allows the Fund to support 
administrative and litigation expenses, the Committee is 
concerned that the lack of transparency associated with the 
Fund suggests that the Department may be supplementing funding 
for programs and initiatives, including funding specifically 
rejected in annual funding measures.
    The Committee has increased reporting requirements to 
improve transparency and accountability; however, the 
Department has not been able to provide timely, or sufficient 
information regarding the use of collections deposited into the 
Fund. Currently, the Department transfers certain amounts to 
other components in the Department without notifying Congress. 
Under section 218 of this bill, the Department is now required 
to notify the Committee of such transfers pursuant to the 
requirements of section 505 of this act. The notification 
process should provide clear and timely insight into the 
Department's use of the Fund.
    The Committee directs the Department to immediately submit 
the Three Percent Fund Transparency report required in Senate 
Report 115-275 and codified in Public Law 116-6, which was due 
on May 16, 2019. The Department is further directed to report 
monthly on the Fund's collections and credits.
    Madoff Victim Fund [MVF].--The Committee understands that 
the Special Master appointed by the Department is in the 
process of distributing funds from the $4,000,000,000 MVF to 
victims of the Madoff criminal fraud case. The Committee 
expects the remaining balance in the MVF to be distributed 
expeditiously, and believes that final resolution of the Fund 
should be achieved in short order. Therefore, the Committee 
directs the Special Master to ensure payments are coordinated 
with the Bankruptcy Trustee so that final payments are made to 
deserving claimants in a timely manner.
    U.S. Victims of State Sponsored Terrorism Fund [USVSSTF].--
The Committee is aware that the USVSSTF Special Master 
appointed by the Department of Justice (subsequently replaced 
by the Acting Special Master) has awarded two rounds of 
payments to claimants: $1,104,450,000 was distributed to first 
round claimants, and second round payments have been issued 
since January 2, 2019. As the Acting Special Master makes 
further distributions to existing and new claimants, the 
Committee is concerned about the lack of transparency regarding 
the timing and prioritization of payments, the mechanism for 
ensuring that the USVSSTF has sufficient funds to make the 
payments it has awarded, and the means to prevent duplication 
of payments to claimants who have already recovered funds from 
other sources.
    Therefore, the Committee directs the Acting Special Master 
to submit an initial report to the Committee not later than 30 
days after enactment of this act, with subsequent quarterly 
reports to follow, on the formulas and/or criteria used to 
determine payment amounts and prioritization, current and 
ongoing efforts to protect against duplicative or excessive 
payments throughout the process, and expected timelines 
associated with the completion of second-round payments, the 
issuance of future payments, and a detailed breakout of the 
status of payments to claimants to include those who have 
received payment in the first round and the second round and 
those who are awaiting payment from the first round and the 
second round to be described for both existing and new 
claimants.
    Crime Victims Fund Awareness.--The Committee appreciates 
the Department's efforts to combat and thwart criminal conduct 
through investigations by its law enforcement components, 
prosecutions by its litigating components, and rehabilitative 
efforts in the Bureau of Prisons. Additionally, the Committee 
supports the OVC for the work it does to provide support and 
resources to ease victim suffering. The Committee is concerned, 
however, by the historically low receipts deposited in the CVF, 
and in turn, the decrease in resources available for OVC's 
disbursement of CVF funded grants and cooperative agreements.
    The Committee does not believe this decrease in deposits is 
purposeful, but is concerned that the Department's litigating 
components may not be fully aware of the need for settlements 
that contemplate victims assistance payments and their 
corresponding deposit into the CVF. The Department's Justice 
Manual, and the settlement structure guidance provided therein, 
does not fully explain the need for or the benefits associated 
with victim assistance payments for crime victims. Accordingly, 
the Committee directs the Department to review and revise its 
on-boarding education materials and practices for new 
litigating attorneys to ensure a thorough explanation regarding 
victim assistance payments and their corresponding deposits 
into the CVF is included. The Committee further directs the 
Department to develop a plan for the distribution of this same 
information to litigating attorneys currently working within 
the Department to ensure they too are aware of this critical 
need. The Department shall report to the Committee within 60 
days of enactment of this act on its efforts to increase 
Departmental awareness regarding its whole of justice approach 
for crime victims.
    Cell-Site Simulator [CSS] Technology.--Funds provided in 
this bill shall be used only to deploy or facilitate the use of 
CSS technology for criminal investigations if such use complies 
fully with DOJ's guidance issued on September 3, 2015. The 
Department shall ensure that this guidance is followed strictly 
by Federal, State, and local entities that receive funding 
under this act, to include compliance with requirements of the 
Fourth Amendment and the Pen Register Act. As directed in the 
guidance, CSS technology must be configured only as pen 
registers and may not be used to collect content of any 
communication or subscriber account information. In addition, 
the departmental guidance requires comprehensive and consistent 
training on the appropriate use of CSS technology; adopting 
rigorous practices for handling and retaining data acquired 
through the use of this technology; and scrupulously auditing 
the use of such technology. The Committee awaits the 
Department's report, as specifically outlined in Senate Report 
115-275 and codified in Public Law 116-6, on DOJ's use of CSS 
technology and its compliance with the guidance.
    Counter Unmanned Aerial Systems Technology.--Title VI, 
Division H of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018 (Public Law 
115-254) provided authority to the Department to mitigate the 
threat of UAS when it poses a security risk to high-value, 
high-profile events or facilities, including Federal prisons. 
The Committee supports the use of counter-UAS technology by the 
Department's law enforcement components, including the FBI, 
USMS, and Bureau of Prisons [BOP], to ensure both officer and 
public safety. The Department is directed to report on the 
current and future planned use of counter UAS technology by its 
law enforcement components, to include anticipated resource and 
training needs and newly established internal policies or 
guidelines to ensure all legal requirements are met, within 90 
days of enactment of this act.
    Business Email Compromise [BEC] Schemes.--The Committee 
recognizes the Department's recent coordinated Federal efforts 
to disrupt BEC schemes that intend to intercept and hijack wire 
transfers from businesses and individuals, and applauds the 
concerted effort behind the Department's recent announcement of 
arresting 281 individuals both in the U.S. and internationally 
for their participation in these criminal acts. The Committee 
is pleased to see the Department is working with its Federal 
counterparts to combat this new type of financial fraud, 
including the rising problem of wire fraud in real estate 
transactions and other types of cyber-enabled financial crime, 
but it believes more can be done to raise public awareness 
regarding these fraudulent efforts. Therefore, the Committee 
directs the Department to provide a report to the Committee, 
within 120 days of enactment of this act, detailing ongoing 
activities to both combat and raise awareness of BEC schemes, 
including wire fraud in real estate and other types of cyber-
enabled crime. This report should detail the roles and 
responsibilities of the Department's Federal partners in this 
space and should provide programmatic recommendations to 
Congress as well as any resource needs associated with 
combatting BEC schemes.
    Financial Fraud.--The Committee recognizes that older 
Americans are increasingly targeted by criminals seeking to 
swindle them out of their hard-earned life savings through an 
ever-growing array of financial schemes and scams. In March 
2019, the Department executed its largest-ever coordinated 
sweep of senior fraud cases. The Committee commends the 
Department's work to combat these crimes in recent years and 
directs the Attorney General to continue to prioritize 
resources at the Department to ensure that reports of financial 
fraud, including scams against senior citizens, are thoroughly 
investigated, with the goal of bringing the perpetrators of 
these crimes to justice.
    Robocall Forfeiture Orders.--The Committee is concerned 
that since 2015, the Federal government has only collected 
$6,790 of the more than $208,000,000 in fines imposed by the 
Federal Communications Commission for violations of the 
Telephone Consumer Protection Act (Public Law 102-243). The 
Committee recognizes that fines serve as a meaningful tool to 
penalize bad conduct and deter future misconduct. Given that 
there were more than 26.3 billion robocalls made to U.S. mobile 
phones in 2018, and understanding that the Department has the 
authority to collect unpaid penalties, the Committee directs 
the Attorney General to prioritize resources toward enforcing 
FCC forfeiture orders and unpaid penalties imposed by the FCC 
against illegal robocallers.
    Animal Fighting.--Animal fighting is a crime that causes 
undue suffering to animals and is frequently linked to violent 
criminal gangs and drug trafficking. The Environment and 
Natural Resources Division [ENRD] has responsibility within the 
Department for coordinating enforcement efforts among the 
Department's litigating components, to include USAO, under 
Federal animal protection laws, including enforcement of animal 
fighting statutes 7 U.S.C. 2156 and 18 U.S.C. 49. Case 
development and prosecutions are then handled by both ENRD's 
Environmental Crimes Section and other litigating components, 
based on referrals from the U.S. Department of Agriculture-
Office of the Inspector General, the FBI, and other agencies. 
The Committee notes its prior support for this effort as 
described in Senate Report 114-239 and codified in Public Law 
115-31, and emphasizes that it shall be a priority of the 
Department to investigate and prosecute violations of animal 
welfare laws.
    Digital Accountability and Transparency Act Reporting.--The 
Committee expects agencies to prioritize the submission of 
timely, accurate, quality, and complete financial and award 
information under existing U.S. Treasury reporting obligations 
in accordance with established management guidance, reporting 
processes, and data standards established under the 
requirements of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act 
(Public Law 113-101).
    Spending Plan.--In compliance with section 532 of this act, 
the Committee directs the Department to submit a spending plan, 
signed by the Attorney General, within 45 days of enactment of 
this act.

                         General Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $113,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     114,740,000
Committee recommendation................................     114,740,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $114,740,000 for 
General Administration salaries and expenses. The 
recommendation is $1,740,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level and equal to the budget request.
    The General Administration account provides funding for 
senior policy officials responsible for departmental management 
and policy development. The specific offices funded by this 
account include: the immediate Office of the Attorney General 
[OAG]; the immediate Office of the Deputy Attorney General 
[ODAG]; the immediate Office of the Associate Attorney General; 
Office of Legal Policy; Office of Public Affairs; Office of 
Legislative Affairs [OLA]; Office of Professional 
Responsibility; Office of Intergovernmental and Public Liaison; 
and the Justice Management Division [JMD].
    Timely Responses to Committee Inquiries.--While the 
Committee primarily communicates with the Department through 
JMD, it reserves the right to call upon any individual or 
organization within its jurisdiction for requests for 
information. The Committee has both budgetary and oversight 
capabilities, and requests for additional information from the 
Chairmen, Vice Chairmen, or Ranking Members or their Committee 
staff to OAG, ODAG, OLA, and any other Department component 
should be treated as a priority for the Department and 
responded to both courteously and expeditiously.
    The Committee is frustrated that the Department is late 
again in responding to its Questions for the Record [QFRs] from 
its fiscal year 2020 Budget Hearings. As of September 16, 2019, 
the Department is 72 days late in responding to the Committee's 
QFRs for both its Department and FBI Budget Hearings. Last 
year, the Department was 244 days late in responding to the 
Committee's QFRs for the Department's Budget Hearing and 267 
days late responding to the Committee's QFRs for the FBI's 
Budget Hearing. The trend of responding past Committee 
deadlines is unacceptable, and the Committee withholds 
$5,000,000 from the Department's General Administration 
appropriation until the Department's responses to the 
Committee's QFRs for both of these hearings are received.
    Wildlife Trafficking.--The Committee continues to note the 
dramatic and disconcerting increase of criminal activity 
involving wildlife that includes the illegal trade in 
rhinoceros horns and elephant ivory, poaching of wild animals 
for their parts, illegal capture and transport of endangered 
animals, and illegally harvested timber, as well as money 
laundering that comes with these products' sale on the black 
market. There are indisputable linkages between these 
activities and the financing of armed insurgencies and 
transnational organized crime that threatens the stability and 
development of African countries and poses a serious threat to 
U.S. security interests.
    The Committee awaits the report as specifically outlined in 
Senate Report 115-275 and codified in Public Law 116-6, and 
directs the Attorney General to continue to submit an annual 
report on the specific steps the Department is taking to 
further address wildlife trafficking and the illegal natural 
resources trade.
    The Committee further directs the Department to provide 
dedicated resources for investigating and prosecuting wildlife 
trafficking crimes and include this information in the report 
described above.
    Personnel Detailed to INTERPOL Lyon.--The Committee 
understands that Department personnel, including those from CRM 
and USAO, have been, and are currently, detailed to INTERPOL 
Lyon. The Committee supports these efforts and directs the 
Department to maintain, and where possible, expand their 
ability to detail employees to INTERPOL Lyon as its efforts are 
critical to international collaboration and information 
sharing.
    National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and 
Interdiction.--The Department was required to initially submit 
a report on its National Strategy for Child Exploitation 
Prevention and Interdiction to Congress not later than 1 year 
after October 13, 2008, and on February 1 of every second year 
thereafter as part of the PROTECT Our Children Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-401). The Committee is deeply troubled that the 
last submission of this report to Congress was made in April 
2016, meaning that there has been a lapse of Departmental 
strategy since the last submission and as 2020 approaches, soon 
to be a lapse of two submissions. As described in 34 U.S.C. 
21111(d), the National Coordinator for Child Exploitation 
Prevention and Interdiction is responsible for the coordination 
and timely submission of this critically important strategy.
    The Department is directed to submit within 30 days of 
enactment a National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention 
and Interdiction to the Committee and all other relevant 
Committees. This strategy must include the input of Federal 
agencies that investigate and prosecute crimes of child 
exploitation, including the Department's law enforcement 
components like the FBI and USMS as well as the USAO and CRM's 
Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section, and must also include 
all materials and content required under 34 U.S.C. 21111(c) 
covering all forms of child exploitation, not just crimes with 
an online nexus.
    Public Charge Reporting.--The Committee directed the 
Department to publicly report on the status of implementing the 
April 11, 2017, memorandum to Federal prosecutors from the 
Attorney General, including each USAO District's designated 
Border Security Coordinator, and the number of Federal criminal 
prosecutions in the previous and current fiscal year for 
charges under 8 U.S.C. 1324, 1325, and 1326, disaggregated by 
charge, District, and month as outlined in Senate Report 115-
275 and codified in Public Law 116-6. This data has still not 
been published, and the Committee expects the Department to 
immediately publish this information on the USAO's website and 
update this information on an annual basis.

                 JUSTICE INFORMATION SHARING TECHNOLOGY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $32,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      33,875,000
Committee recommendation................................      33,875,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $33,875,000 for 
Justice Information Sharing Technology. The recommendation is 
$1,875,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal 
to the budget request.

                Executive Office for Immigration Review


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $563,407,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     672,966,000
Committee recommendation................................     672,966,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $672,966,000 for 
the Executive Office for Immigration Review [EOIR], of which 
$4,000,000 is a transfer from the U.S. Citizenship and 
Immigration Services Immigration Examinations Fee account. The 
recommendation is $109,559,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and equal to the budget request. This account 
funds EOIR, including the Board of Immigration Appeals, 
immigration judges, and administrative law judges who decide 
through administrative hearings whether to admit or exclude 
aliens seeking to enter the country and whether to deport or 
adjust the status of aliens whose status has been challenged.
    EOIR Immigration Judge Hiring and Financial 
Accountability.--The Committee remains concerned that EOIR's 
immigration court caseload continues to escalate, adding to the 
growing backlog of cases, which totaled 964,811 at the end of 
August 2019. However, the Committee believes that providing 
more Immigration Judges [IJs] alone is not enough to solve the 
backlog problem. The budget request purports to include funding 
for 100 IJs and their legal and support staff [IJ Teams] 
stating that each team and its associated expenses cost roughly 
$1,500,000. The total cost should therefore be roughly 
$150,000,000, but the funding requested for these 100 new IJ 
Teams is less than half of the total associated costs 
($71,147,000). Moreover, the Committee has repeatedly asked 
EOIR to provide a detailed cost break out of an IJ Team cost, 
but as of September 19, 2019, has not received an answer.
    The Committee is alarmed that EOIR cannot answer simple 
budgetary questions to support the estimated costs for its IJ 
Team cost model, and therefore directs the Department to submit 
an IJ Team cost break out, which should include salary, 
position, interpretation contract costs, and rent and facility 
costs, in its monthly hiring reports to the Committee. There 
should be a standardized baseline for what constitutes an IJ 
Team cost and when there are deviations from this baseline, 
EOIR shall include this in its monthly report by court 
location. The Committee is aware the OIG is auditing EOIR's 
financial management practices, and will review the IG's report 
closely upon its conclusion.
    The Committee believes that consistent policies regarding 
docket management and case adjudication will also allow IJs to 
reduce the impending backlog. The Committee directs EOIR to 
make its hiring processes for new immigration judges publically 
available within 60 days of enactment and update its website 
within 30 days if any of the immigration judge hiring process 
or rules change. The Committee withholds $2,000,000 from EOIR's 
appropriation until the agency has met these requirements.
    As directed in Senate Report 115-275 and codified in Public 
Law 116-6, EOIR shall continue to submit monthly performance 
and operating reports detailing the backlog of cases and the 
hiring of new IJ teams. These reports shall now include the 
cost break outs for IJ teams. The Committee directs the 
Department to continue filling vacant IJ positions with highly 
qualified individuals from a diverse pool of candidates, 
including those with non-governmental, private bar experience, 
to conduct fair, impartial hearings consistent with due 
process.
    As part of the monthly reporting requirement, EOIR shall 
continue to report on any IJs sent on a temporary basis to any 
court outside of their assigned location including the number 
of days designated for the temporary assignment, the location 
of the temporary assignment, and the IJs home location.
    Interpretation Transparency.--The Committee recognizes that 
increasing numbers of respondents in immigration court 
proceedings require the use of interpretation services, and 
understands that EOIR continues to struggle to obtain a 
sufficient number of interpreters, including for rare languages 
such as indigenous dialects. The Committee directs EOIR to 
submit a report to the Committee within 90 days of enactment 
outlining how EOIR intends to ensure appropriate language 
access will be available for all respondents, including 
indigenous language speakers, noting any special resource needs 
as well as identifying any possible opportunities for sharing 
of interpreter resources with other Federal agencies. Also 
within 90 days of enactment and quarterly thereafter, the 
Committee directs EOIR to report the number of continuances or 
adjournments issued for reasons related to interpretation 
issues for both in-person appearance and videoteleconferencing 
[VTC], as well as whether the respondent was detained at the 
time of the continuance.
    The Committee is also concerned with the ballooning costs 
associated with EOIR's interpreter contract. According to the 
EOIR Director, ``[i]n fiscal year 2017, interpreter costs were 
approximately $17,000,000. In fiscal year 2018, they increased 
to almost $60,000,000, and in fiscal year 2019, they are 
expected to approach $110,000,000. On a per-IJ basis, this 
translates to a cost increase from roughly $50,000 per 
immigration judge in fiscal year 2017 to nearly $225,000 per 
immigration judge this fiscal year.'' EOIR has also told the 
Committee that at one point it anticipated interpreter costs to 
be $170,000,000. While this type of severe cost fluctuation 
should be avoided, this is an issue that should be anticipated 
and accounted for at the time a contract is awarded.
    Financial Management.--Due to the Committee's financial 
concerns regarding IJ team costs, interpreter contract costs, 
and EOIR's inability to answer simple budgetary and oversight 
questions, the Committee directs the Department to take a more 
active role in overseeing EOIR's financial management. These 
efforts should include apportionment and allotment restrictions 
and stringent oversight from JMD regarding EOIR's financial 
executions.
    EOIR Technology Improvements.--The Committee continues to 
support EOIRs efforts to update its technology systems, 
including the creation of a new case management system. The 
Committee expects EOIR to expedite efforts to implement this 
system so that temporarily reassigned IJs can better maintain 
their home court caseloads while on assignment. Finally, the 
Committee is discouraged that EOIR has not complied with the 
direction included in Senate Report 115-275 and codified in 
Public Law 116-6, regarding the development of a strategy for 
uploading existing case files into this new case management 
system so that the current cases benefit from the technological 
efficiencies provided by an electronic case management system. 
The Committee believes this plan is necessary to enable further 
reductions in the Immigration Court backlog. EOIR is directed 
to immediately submit this report to the Committee, and an 
additional $2,000,000 is withheld from the EOIR appropriation 
until it has been received.
    VTC Data and Reporting.--The Committee directs EOIR to 
collect real-time data indicating each time a master calendar 
or individual merits hearing is conducted via VTC to allow for 
better statistical data collection to help determine whether 
VTC has an outcome determinative impact. This information is to 
be provided in the quarterly reports submitted to the Committee 
and should include the number and type of hearings conducted by 
VTC, including data on appeals cases related to the use of VTC, 
and the number of in-person hearing motions filed. The 
Committee further directs EOIR to make all policies and 
procedures related to EOIR's use of VTC, including EOIR's 
immigration adjudication centers, publicly available on its 
website.
    Legal Orientation Program [LOP].--The Committee supports 
LOP, which was created in 2003 and currently informs more than 
50,000 detained non-citizens per year about their legal rights 
and responsibilities in immigration court. The Committee 
emphasizes that LOP benefits taxpayers by increasing the 
efficiency of immigration proceedings and reducing costs 
related to immigration detention. According to a 2012 
Department of Justice report to this Committee, LOP services 
resulted in net savings to the Government of more than 
$17,800,000.
    The Committee's recommendation includes no less than 
$15,000,000 for services provided by LOP. This includes funding 
for LOP, the Immigration Help Desk, LOP for Custodians [LOPC], 
and the LOPC Call Center, including efforts, pursuant to the 
Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-457), for custodians of unaccompanied, 
undocumented children to address the custodian's responsibility 
for the child's appearance at all immigration proceedings, and 
to protect the child from mistreatment, exploitation, and 
trafficking. The Committee directs the Department to continue 
LOP without interruption, including during any review of the 
program.
    The Committee directs that attention be paid to geographic 
equity as LOP expands, and the Committee notes the particular 
need for legal services at more remote immigration detention 
sites that are far from legal service providers in urban 
centers. The Committee directs the Department to utilize all 
appropriated funds solely for legitimate program purposes.

                      Office of Inspector General

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $101,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     101,646,000
Committee recommendation................................     105,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $105,000,000 for 
the Office of Inspector General. The recommendation is 
$4,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$3,354,000 above the budget request.
    This account finances the activities of the OIG, including 
audits, inspections, investigations, and other reviews of 
programs and operations of the Department to promote efficiency 
and effectiveness, and to prevent and detect fraud, waste, and 
abuse, as well as violations of ethical standards arising from 
the conduct of Department employees in their numerous and 
diverse activities.
    Oversight of Crime Victims Fund Grants.--Section 510 of 
this act maintains $10,000,000 for the OIG to continue its 
expanded audits of the CVF including funding set aside for 
Indian tribes. The Committee remains concerned that the 
Department is not doing enough to proportionately adjust its 
grant monitoring activities to reflect significant changes in 
CVF spending in order to avoid waste, fraud, and abuse. The 
Committee directs the OIG to continue its audits of CVF awards 
and assist the Department to ensure these important funds are 
used appropriately and effectively.

                    United States Parole Commission


                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $13,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      13,308,000
Committee recommendation................................      13,308,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $13,308,000 for the 
United States Parole Commission. The recommendation is $308,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal to the 
budget request.

                            Legal Activities


            SALARIES AND EXPENSES, GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $904,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     927,453,000
Committee recommendation................................     924,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $924,000,000 for 
General Legal Activities salaries and expenses. The 
recommendation is $20,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $3,453,000 below the budget request.
    This amount funds the establishment of litigation policy, 
conduct of litigation, and various other legal responsibilities 
through the Office of the Solicitor General, the Tax Division, 
the CRM, the Civil Division, the Environmental and Natural 
Resources Division, the CRT, the Office of Legal Counsel, and 
INTERPOL Washington.
    Adjustments to Base.--The increased funding provided to the 
legal components shall be used to cover the requested ATB 
costs. ATBs include increases to employees' pay and benefits to 
cover the annual Federal pay raise as well as increased 
healthcare and retirement costs and changes in agency costs for 
rent and facilities.
    INTERPOL Washington.--From within the funds provided for 
General Legal Activities, the Committee directs the Department 
to provide no less than the fiscal year 2019 level for INTERPOL 
Washington. The Committee has provided no-year authority in the 
amount of $685,000 to ensure sufficient resources are available 
for INTERPOL Washington's dues payments and help the Department 
better manage fluctuations in currency exchange rates. INTERPOL 
Washington's command center operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a 
week, 365 days a year, responding to requests for international 
criminal investigative and humanitarian assistance from more 
than 18,000 U.S. law enforcement agencies and their 
counterparts in 189 other INTERPOL-member countries. INTERPOL 
Washington's responsibility to respond to increasing foreign 
and domestic requests places additional operational demands on 
the resources of this organization.
    Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty Reform.--Mutual Legal 
Assistance Treaty [MLAT] requests are the formal mechanism in 
which countries request assistance in obtaining evidence 
located in a foreign country for criminal investigations and 
proceedings located in another country. The Committee supports 
$195,982,000 for CRM to provide sustainability to the MLAT 
reform process and support the Office of International Affairs 
[OIA] and has increased funding in this account for this 
purpose. This funding is critical to avoid further backlogs in 
the critical support provided by OIA to protect the United 
States and support USAO, as well as our State and local law 
enforcement partners.
    Civil Rights.--The Committee provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level to continue its efforts to 
enforce civil rights laws; expand its capacity to prosecute and 
provide litigation support for human trafficking, hate crimes, 
and unsolved civil rights era crimes; carry out its 
responsibilities associated with the civil rights of 
institutionalized persons and the access rights of the 
disabled; investigate and prosecute police misconduct; and 
enhance the enforcement of fair housing and fair lending laws.
    Civil Rights Violations in State and Local Prisons and 
Jails.--The Committee continues to be concerned by reports of 
civil rights violations in State and local prisons and jails, 
and directs the CRT to increase efforts to investigate and 
address violations of the Civil Rights of Institutionalized 
Persons Act in State and local prisons and jails. The Committee 
directs the CRT to use such sums as necessary from amounts 
appropriated in fiscal year 2020 to address such issues in 
State and local prisons and jails.
    Enforcement of Federal Hate Crime Laws.--The Committee is 
concerned by reports of increased incidents of bias-motivated 
crimes and directs CRT to aggressively prosecute hate crimes 
and work with the FBI, U.S. Attorneys, and the CRS to improve 
hate crime reporting and prevent hate crimes from taking place 
in the first instance.
    Protecting the Rights of Servicemembers and Veterans.--The 
Committee recognizes the importance of ensuring that 
servicemembers and veterans have access to essential legal 
resources to educate themselves and their families on their 
rights and enable them to defend themselves during times of 
need. The Committee supports funding this program at no less 
than the fiscal year 2019 level to continue to enforce existing 
law, such as the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment 
Rights Act (Public Law 103-353), and to provide outreach and 
training efforts on behalf of servicemembers, veterans, and 
their families.
    International Training.--The Committee remains concerned 
about the budget and staffing challenges faced by the Office of 
Overseas Prosecutorial Development, Assistance and Training 
[OPDAT] and International Criminal Investigative Training 
Assistance Program [ICITAP] programs under the current funding 
structure provided via the Department of State. While the 
Committee encourages the Department of Justice to maintain open 
communications with the Department of State regarding 
programmatic and resource needs to truly execute their 
missions, OPDAT and ICITAP should ideally receive a transfer of 
funds from State within 90 days of enactment of this act. 
Should an immediate source of funding be needed ahead of a 
completed transfer of funds, the Committee recommends that the 
Department of Justice notify the Committee immediately.

               THE NATIONAL CHILDHOOD VACCINE INJURY ACT

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $10,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      13,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      13,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides a reimbursement of 
$13,000,000 for legal costs. The recommendation is $3,000,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal to the 
budget request.
    This account covers the Department's expenses associated 
with litigating cases under the National Childhood Vaccine 
Injury Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-660).

               SALARIES AND EXPENSES, ANTITRUST DIVISION

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $164,977,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     166,755,000
Committee recommendation................................     166,755,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $166,755,000 for 
the Antitrust Division. The recommendation is $1,778,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal to the budget 
request. This appropriation is offset by $141,000,000 in pre-
merger filing fee collections, resulting in a direct 
appropriation of $25,755,000.

                        UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $2,212,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   2,254,541,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,278,360,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $2,278,360,000 for 
the Executive Office for United States Attorneys and the 94 
USAOs. The recommendation is $66,360,000 above the fiscal year 
2019 enacted level and $23,819,000 above the budget request.
    As in past years, the Committee directs the United States 
Attorneys to focus their efforts on those crimes where the 
unique resources, expertise, or jurisdiction of the Federal 
Government can be most effective.
    Adam Walsh Act Implementation.--The Committee expects USAO 
to continue to focus on investigations and prosecutions related 
to the sexual exploitation of children, as authorized by the 
Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 (Public Law 
109-248), and as part of Project Safe Childhood. The 
recommendation fully funds the budget request of $48,431,000 
for this purpose in fiscal year 2020.
    Combating Financial and Mortgage Fraud.--The Committee 
directs USAO to prioritize resources and provide no less than 
the fiscal year 2019 level to conduct criminal investigations 
and prosecutions of mortgage and financial fraud, including 
financial fraud against seniors; predatory lending; and market 
manipulation matters to ensure that reports of financial fraud 
are thoroughly addressed and the perpetrators of these crimes 
are brought to justice.
    Civil Rights Prosecutions.--The Committee's recommendation 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 level for continued 
civil rights enforcement that will advance both criminal and 
civil litigation, including the prosecution of sex and labor 
trafficking.
    Cybercrime.--As national and international cyber threats 
become increasingly sophisticated, our Federal prosecutors must 
become better versed in digital forensic evidence. The 
Committee's recommendation fully funds the budget request of 
$62,858,000 for cybercrime activities. The USAO will be able to 
increase the number of investigations and prosecutions of cyber 
attacks and cyber intrusions, and provide the high-caliber 
level of training on cybercrime and digital evidence needed for 
Assistant U.S. Attorneys to be able to analyze and present 
digital evidence across all types of criminal cases.
    The Committee does not support proposed funding cuts for 
Intellectual Property and Child Pornography activities, and 
instead directs USAO to provide no less than the fiscal year 
2019 funding level for prosecution of these cyber-related 
crimes.

                   UNITED STATES TRUSTEE SYSTEM FUND

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $226,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     227,229,000
Committee recommendation................................     227,229,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $227,229,000 for 
the United States Trustee System Fund. The recommendation is 
$1,229,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal 
to the budget request. The appropriation is offset by 
$309,000,000 in fee collections.
    The United States Trustee Program, authorized by 28 U.S.C. 
581 et seq., is the component of the Department with 
responsibility for protecting the integrity of the bankruptcy 
system by overseeing case administration and litigation to 
enforce the bankruptcy laws.

      SALARIES AND EXPENSES, FOREIGN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT COMMISSION

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $2,409,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       2,335,000
Committee recommendation................................       2,335,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $2,335,000 for the 
Foreign Claims Settlement Commission. The recommendation is 
$74,000 less than the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal 
to the budget request.
    The Foreign Claims Settlement Commission settles claims of 
American citizens arising from nationalization, expropriation, 
or other takings of their properties and interests by foreign 
governments.

                     FEES AND EXPENSES OF WITNESSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $270,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     270,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     270,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $270,000,000 for 
fees and expenses of witnesses. The recommendation is equal to 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal to the budget 
request.
    This appropriation, which is considered mandatory for 
scorekeeping purposes, provides for fees and expenses of 
witnesses who appear on behalf of the Government in cases in 
which the United States is a party, including fact and expert 
witnesses. These funds are also used for mental competency 
examinations and witness and informant protection. The 
Committee includes bill language prohibiting the Department 
from transferring funds out of this account.
    The Committee expects that no funds will be expended for 
expert witness services, including the payment of fees and 
expenses of expert witnesses, from any other DOJ accounts but 
Fees and Expenses of Witnesses.

           SALARIES AND EXPENSES, COMMUNITY RELATIONS SERVICE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $15,500,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................................
Committee recommendation................................      16,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $16,000,000 for the 
CRS. The recommendation is $500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $16,000,000 above the budget request.
    The CRS, established by Title X of the Civil Rights Act of 
1964, provides assistance to communities and persons in the 
prevention and resolution of disagreements arising from 
discriminatory practices.
    Hate Crimes Prevention.--Within funds provided, the 
Committee provides no less than the fiscal year 2019 level to 
handle the workload and responsibilities stemming from passage 
of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr., Hate Crimes 
Prevention Act [HCPA] (Public Law 111-84). The HCPA expanded 
the CRS's mandate, requiring that it help communities prevent 
and respond to violent hate crimes committed on the basis of 
gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion, and 
disability, in addition to race, color, and national origin. 
This funding will maximize the CRS crisis response nationwide 
and enable CRS to fulfill both its original mandate and 
expanded mandate under the HCPA.

                         ASSETS FORFEITURE FUND

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $20,514,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      20,514,000
Committee recommendation................................      20,514,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $20,514,000 for the 
Assets Forfeiture Fund [AFF]. The recommendation is equal to 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal to the budget 
request.

                     United States Marshals Service

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $2,925,397,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   3,255,848,000
Committee recommendation................................   3,294,461,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides a total of 
$3,294,461,000 for the USMS. The recommendation is $369,064,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and is $38,613,000 
above the budget request.

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $1,358,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   1,373,416,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,410,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $1,410,000,000 for 
USMS salaries and expenses. The recommendation is $52,000,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $36,584,000 above 
the budget request. The core missions of USMS include the 
apprehension of fugitives; protection of the Federal judiciary 
and witnesses; execution of warrants and court orders; and the 
custody and transportation of unsentenced prisoners. The 
Committee's recommended funding level shall also provide for 
workforce transformation efforts that will ensure the USMS 
builds the most flexible, efficient workforce.
    In addition to receiving direct appropriations, the 
Committee is aware that USMS also receives funding from the 
Department's AFF to augment salaries and expenses that are 
intended to directly administer AFF-related activities like the 
management and sale of forfeited assets. The Committee directs 
the Department to continue to provide quarterly reports on the 
USMS's use of AFF funding, as directed in Senate Report 115-275 
and codified in Public Law 116-6.
    Investigative Operations.--The Committee directs USMS to 
provide no less than the fiscal year 2019 levels to maintain 
its missions regarding gang enforcement, International Megan's 
Law, and sex offender apprehension. Per Senate Report 115-275 
and codified in Public Law 116-6, the Committee expects USMS to 
continue the process to establish an additional Regional 
Fugitive Task Force [RFTF], with a report to be submitted 
within 90 days of enactment of this act on the status of the 
new RFTF including staffing, operational space and agreements, 
equipment, and expected future resource needs.
    Fugitive Sex Offender Apprehension.--The Adam Walsh Child 
Protection and Safety Act of 2006 [AWA] (Public Law 109-248) 
provided the USMS the authority to apprehend convicted sex 
offenders who fail to register as fugitives. The AWA also 
directs the USMS to assist jurisdictions in locating and 
apprehending these individuals. The Committee directs the USMS 
continue AWA enforcement efforts at no less than the fiscal 
year 2019 level of $63,264,000.
    International Operations.--The Committee reminds USMS to 
continue to submit the report requested in Senate Report 115-
275 and codified in Public Law 116-6 on its extradition 
program, detailing its international operations workload. The 
report should include the number of extraditions and 
deportations, district cooperation, and extradition requests 
made by foreign counterparts in a timely manner. Given that 
transnational criminal organizations and fugitives know no 
geographical bounds, the Committee expresses support for 
increased USMS capabilities in Mexico and an increased presence 
in South America.
    Tactical Canine [K-9] Teams.--The USMS has used, and 
continues to use, State and local K-9 teams in support of 
fugitive apprehension missions, but this partnership has 
limitations due to the accessibility and availability of State 
and local task force partners' K-9 assets, individual agency 
tactical procedures, and possible differences in operational 
requirements. The Committee believes a well-trained and 
certified tactical K-9 team would assist USMS operations in 
tracking, locating, and detaining suspects before they can 
cause harm to the general public and law enforcement personnel. 
The Committee supports USMS's development of a tactical K-9 
program tailored to USMS missions, policies, and procedures to 
be integrated into USMS RFTF operations.
    The USMS is directed to report to the Committee within 90 
days of enactment of this act, submitting a detailed plan 
describing the initial and out-year costs and other associated 
resource needs, including space requirements, outfitting needs, 
and training needs to move forward with adding Tactical K-9 
teams to RFTF operations.

                              CONSTRUCTION

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $15,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      14,971,000
Committee recommendation................................      17,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $17,000,000 for 
construction in space controlled, occupied, or utilized by the 
USMS in Federal courthouses and buildings, including but not 
limited to the creation, renovation, and expansion of prisoner 
movement areas, elevators, and other law enforcement and court 
security support space. The recommendation is $2,000,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $2,029,000 above the 
budget request.

                       FEDERAL PRISONER DETENTION

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $1,552,397,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   1,867,461,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,867,461,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $1,867,461,000 for 
Federal Prisoner Detention. The recommendation is $315,064,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal to the 
budget request.
    The Committee expects USMS to anticipate the true funding 
needs for this account in order to avoid funding shortfalls and 
the need for emergency reprogrammings to avert deficiencies. 
The Committee directs USMS to report to the Committee on a 
quarterly basis the current number of individuals in the 
detention system, the projected number of individuals, and the 
associated annualized costs.

                       National Security Division


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $101,369,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     109,585,000
Committee recommendation................................     110,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $110,000,000 for 
the National Security Division [NSD]. The recommendation is 
$8,631,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$415,000 above the budget request.
    The NSD coordinates the Department's national security and 
counterterrorism missions through law enforcement 
investigations and prosecutions, and handles counterespionage 
cases. The NSD works in coordination with the FBI, the 
Intelligence Community, and USAO. Its primary function is to 
prevent acts of terrorism and espionage from being perpetrated 
in the United States by foreign powers.
    Foreign Agents Registration Act [FARA].--The Committee 
recognizes the importance of NSD's enforcement of FARA (Public 
Law 75-583) in order to increase transparency and 
accountability across the Federal Government by ensuring that 
persons acting on behalf of a foreign government disclose that 
relationship.
    FARA and Implementation of OIG Recommendations.--The OIG's 
September 2016 report, Audit of the National Security 
Division's Enforcement and Administration of the Foreign Agents 
Registration Act (Audit Division 16-24), examined a series of 
critical issues regarding the FARA process and made several 
recommendations. Within 90 days of enactment of this act, the 
Committee directs the Department to submit a report to the 
Committee on its status of implementing these recommendations, 
including target dates for completion per recommendation; the 
Department's comprehensive strategy for the enforcement and 
administration of FARA; steps necessary to require all filings 
by foreign agents to be made in an electronic, structured data 
format where the information can be published in a machine-
processable digital format available to the public; and an 
assessment of the FARA fee structure, including a determination 
of the efficacy of an improved fee structure.

                      Interagency Law Enforcement


                 INTERAGENCY CRIME AND DRUG ENFORCEMENT

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $560,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     550,458,000
Committee recommendation................................     550,458,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $550,458,000 for 
Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement. The recommendation is 
$9,542,000 below the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal 
to the budget request.
    The Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement account funds 
the Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Forces [OCDETF]. 
The mission of the OCDETF is to ensure a coordinated, multi-
agency, intelligence-based, and prosecutor-led approach to 
identifying, disrupting, and dismantling those drug trafficking 
and money laundering organizations primarily responsible for 
the Nation's illicit drug supply and drug-related violence.
    International Drug Enforcement.--OCDETF is urged to 
continue to coordinate with the DEA and other Federal and 
international law enforcement partners to play a role in the 
interception and disruption of foreign drug shipments, as 
directed by Senate Report 115-275 and codified in Public Law 
116-6.

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $9,192,137,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   9,257,427,000
Committee recommendation................................   9,467,902,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $9,467,902,000 for 
the FBI salaries and expenses. The recommendation is 
$275,765,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$210,475,000 above the budget request.
    Criminal Justice Information Services.--The Committee 
recommends the full funding request for CJIS, including fee 
collections. The recommendation provides $131,000,000 for the 
FBI to continue improvements to NICS to increase the capacity 
and efficiency of the existing NICS system to perform 
background checks on prospective firearms buyers. This amount 
is $24,967,000 above the enacted level and $16,305,000 above 
the budget request. The Committee's recommendation does not 
support the full request to rescind funds from the CJIS fee 
collections and instead directs the FBI to invest an 
appropriate amount of the fee collections into making necessary 
upgrades to CJIS's systems.
    National Threat Operations Center [NTOC] Improvements.--The 
Committee continues to be concerned about the handling of 
information received through the FBI's newly established NTOC, 
formally known as the Public Access Line. In order to ensure 
that information received through these channels is evaluated 
and processed expeditiously and effectively, the Committee 
directs the FBI to use up to $15,000,000 in fees collected for 
the automation of criminal justice information services to 
develop and implement technologies that will better facilitate 
the rapid dissemination of information to FBI Field Offices, 
along with their State, local, tribal, and other Federal 
partners.
    Cybersecurity.--The FBI remains the only agency with the 
statutory authority, expertise, and ability to combine 
counterterrorism, counterintelligence, and criminal 
investigatory resources to neutralize, mitigate, and disrupt 
illegal domestic computer-supported operations. The Committee 
supports the requested adjustments-to-base and programmatic 
increases for cybersecurity activities throughout the FBI.
    Terrorist Explosive Device Analytical Center [TEDAC].--The 
Committee's recommendation provides no less than the fiscal 
year 2019 level for full operational funding to TEDAC and the 
additional operational support associated with the TEDAC campus 
in fiscal year 2020, which will continue to strengthen the role 
of TEDAC as the U.S. Government's strategic-level improvised 
explosive device exploitation center and provide the resources 
necessary to fully staff the facility. The Committee applauds 
TEDAC on its accreditation by the American National Standards 
Institute--American Society for Quality [ANSI-ASQ] National 
Accreditation Board which further cements the laboratory's role 
in performing forensic and technical exploitation of terrorist 
IED's and explosions, both nationally and internationally.
    Hazardous Devices School [HDS] and International Advanced 
Canine Technology Center.--The Committee recognizes HDS's 
status as both the sole certification authority of civilian 
State, local, and Federal bomb technicians and the sole 
accrediting authority of civilian State, local, and Federal 
bomb squads intending to utilize any manner of render safe or 
device defeat within the United States and its territories. The 
Committee supports the FBI Weapons of Mass Destruction 
Directorate's efforts at no less than the fiscal year 2019 
level, to more efficiently and effectively disseminate critical 
threat information to the explosives detection canine community 
and, in conjunction with Government and academic partners, 
support this national security program.
    Enhancements at TEDAC and HDS.--The Committee supports the 
recent enhancements at TEDAC and HDS, including additional 
advanced render safe techniques courses for public safety bomb 
technicians. The Committee supports the FBI's request for 
enhanced render safe resources, and understands that while this 
programmatic increase will not directly impact HDS, the 
additional need for training and advanced training will 
ultimately increase the demand for HDS courses. The Committee 
directs the FBI to ensure sufficient resources are allocated to 
meet this downstream need.
    Additionally, the Committee continues to encourage the 
FBI's further development of the Research and Prototyping for 
IED Defeat [RAPID] program, which aims to establish defeat 
technologies, develop diagnostics, conduct fundamental science 
research and engineering, address remote capabilities and 
emerging threats, and further develop render safe procedures. 
The Committee understands the FBI has signed a memorandum of 
understanding within the Critical Incident Response Group to 
perform this research and to rapidly develop tools and 
techniques to defeat IED threats to the United States, 
including advanced counter explosive device research. Using IED 
information collected from the intelligence community and 
TEDAC, the RAPID program will advance counter-IED technology, 
continue to research suitable solutions, and develop 
technologies and procedures for incorporation into render safe 
training at HDS, enabling standardized and consistent training 
to the entire civilian, domestic bomb squad community.
    Human Rights Violations.--The Committee directs the FBI to 
increase its efforts to investigate and support the 
Department's criminal prosecution of serious human rights 
crimes, including genocide, torture, use or recruitment of 
child soldiers, and war crimes, and other crimes committed by 
serious human rights violators. The Committee's recommendation 
continues funding this effort at no less than the fiscal year 
2019 enacted level. The Committee directs the FBI to continue 
this effort through the International Human Rights Unit [IHRU], 
which the FBI shall not dissolve or merge with any other 
office, and which shall continue to fully cooperate with and 
participate in the Human Rights Violator and War Crimes Center 
[HRVWCC].
    The Committee is concerned that the FBI's proposed 
realignment of personnel from the HRVWCC to its Civil Rights 
Unit would diminish the FBI's ability to adequately pursue 
human rights violators and upset the delicate relationship the 
FBI has created between investigators and non-governmental 
organizations [NGOs] focused on identifying and assisting 
victims of these atrocities. The Committee supports the FBI's 
stated goals of increasing the number of cases investigated and 
prosecuted, growing the number of investigators and prosecutors 
educated and trained to address the threat, and engaging more 
with affected communities throughout the Nation, but is 
skeptical that merging international human rights into the 
civil rights program will accomplish these objectives. The 
Committee understands that the FBI has begun to incorporate 
international human rights issues in its annual civil rights 
conference efforts and encourages the FBI to continue to expand 
upon these endeavors. The Committee also encourages the FBI to 
utilize its civil rights program coordinators in the field to 
engage with partners in USAO, NGOs, and local communities to 
create a better understanding of the threat, drive 
prosecutions, and encourage reporting of international human 
rights violators.
    The Committee further directs the IHRU to provide training 
to all FBI field offices on how to detect and investigate 
crimes committed by serious human rights violators, and to 
report to the Committees on Appropriations and Judiciary, 
within 90 days of enactment of this act, on the IHRU's efforts 
to increase the number of human rights investigations and 
provide training to all field offices and opportunities for 
community engagements, including the numbers for each.
    Innocent Images National Initiative.--The Committee's 
recommendation directs $91,640,000 for the Innocent Images 
National Initiative, allowing the FBI to target and investigate 
sexual predators on the Internet. The Committee is concerned 
that the proposed reductions to the base program will provide 
insufficient resources to cover the current Innocent Images 
caseload that combat child sexual exploitation and child 
victimization.
    Hate Crimes Reporting.--The FBI is directed to provide the 
Committee with a report, within 180 days of enactment of this 
act, on its efforts to ensure that all Federal, State, and 
local law enforcement agencies fully report hate crimes 
statistics as provided by the Hate Crime Statistics Act of 
1990, Public Law 101-275, as amended, and the Matthew Shepard 
and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, Public Law 111-
84. This report shall detail the FBI's efforts to ensure all 
law enforcement agencies know of the reporting obligations and 
shall describe any gaps in reporting, strategies to overcome 
those gaps, and challenges to the full nationwide 
implementation of NIBRS. In addition, the report shall detail 
the FBI's outreach, education, and training on best practices 
to address hate violence and efforts the FBI is undertaking to 
help ensure that all victims feel secure reporting hate crimes 
to law enforcement authorities.
    Security Advisory Opinion [SAO] Processing.--The Committee 
directs the FBI to submit a report on SAO processing to the 
Committee not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
this act. The report shall include: the number of personnel and 
other resources the Bureau is dedicating to processing SAOs and 
an analysis of whether those resources are adequate to support 
Department of State and Department of Homeland Security 
requirements in order to meet the annual Presidential 
Determination on Refugee Admissions. Furthermore, for each 
fiscal year from 2014 to 2019, the report shall include the 
average time an SAO screening process requires, the number of 
approvals and denials of SAOs issued, the number of SAOs placed 
on hold and the rational associated with each hold, and the 
number of SAOs that are pending as well as the length of time 
and corresponding reason for each delayed resolution.
    Additionally, for fiscal year 2019, the report shall 
include the number of refugees in the United States Refugee 
Admissions Program pipeline for whom the FBI has approved SAO 
clearance, for whom the FBI has a pending SAO decision, for 
whom the FBI has denied SAO clearance, and the total number of 
these applications submitted to the FBI for SAO clearance.
    Classified information can be transmitted in a separate 
report to the Committee. All unclassified data shall be 
publically reported by the FBI.
    FBI Databases and the NICS Process.--The FBI is directed to 
provide a report to the Committee within 120 days of enactment 
of this act regarding how usage of FBI databases, including the 
Next Generation Identification [NGI] system, are leveraged when 
NICS background checks are conducted and what steps are being 
taken to ensure accurate and timely system communications.
    National Bioforensic Analysis Center.--The Committee 
recognizes the need to maintain operations at the National 
Bioforensic Analysis Center [NBFAC] and supports the work 
performed at the NBFAC in furtherance of the FBI's mission. The 
Committee understands NBFAC currently operates under a contract 
executed by the Department of Homeland Security [DHS], and that 
the FBI intends to enter into a cost-sharing agreement or 
memorandum of understanding/agreement with DHS, so that the FBI 
may continue ongoing operations at this facility.
    The Committee supports the bioforensic analysis and 
investigations performed at NBFAC, and looks forward to 
learning more about the proposed cost sharing agreement between 
the FBI and DHS. The Committee supports $20,800,000 for the 
FBI's role at the NBFAC and directs the FBI to report, not 
later than 30 days after the enactment of this act, with 
alternative financial plans regarding the maintenance and or 
ownership of the facility.
    Collaborative Intelligence Sharing.--The Committee is aware 
that several States utilize Department of Defense and National 
Guard facilities for intelligence fusion centers, which allow 
Federal, State, local, and tribal law enforcement officials to 
collaborate and share intelligence and threat information, to 
include DOJ and the FBI. The utilization of fusion centers 
benefits Federal, State, local and tribal law enforcement 
entities alike, and providing Sensitive Compartmented 
Information Facilities [SCIFs] offers increased opportunities 
to collaborate and create cost savings. The Committee is 
supportive of such collaborative, co-location projects, and 
strongly urges the Department and the FBI to prioritize such 
projects, including SCIF projects, to conduct collaborative 
intelligence analysis, in the fiscal year 2021 and future 
budget submissions.
    Supporting International Collaboration and Information 
Sharing.--The Committee recognizes the key role that the FBI's 
legal attache offices [legat] play in maintaining open lines of 
communication and sharing information with international law 
enforcement and intelligence partners around the world. To 
further foster these relationships and provide additional 
opportunities for training and collaboration, the Committee 
notes that the increased funding in representation funds shall 
be dedicated to legat offices.
    Expanded Use of Private Laboratories in Testing DNA.--The 
Committee remains concerned by certain reports indicating there 
is a backlog of analyzed DNA samples awaiting upload to the 
Combined DNA Index System [CODIS] and understands that a 
contributing factor is the requirement that any DNA profile 
generated by a private laboratory undergo an ownership review 
by a public laboratory before it may be submitted to the 
National DNA Index System. Not later than 90 days after 
enactment of this act, the FBI shall report to the Committee 
with data on the backlog of analyzed DNA samples awaiting 
upload to CODIS as well as ongoing efforts to review the 
existing standards requiring an ownership review of DNA 
profiles generated by private laboratories.
    Law Enforcement Medical Demonstration.--The Committee 
supports the Bureau's actions to formalize its existing 
external partnership in the Operational Medicine Program in 
order to support medical contingency planning and improve the 
delivery of medical care for high-risk law enforcement 
missions. The Committee is pleased to have received the report 
requested in Senate Report 115-139 and supplemental report and 
supports the Bureau's exploration efforts to increase 
opportunities to work with public academic medical centers, 
medical researchers, and other medical educational institutions 
to ensure the most current data is being collected and used in 
training and education. The Committee's recommendation 
continues funding this effort at no less than the fiscal year 
2019 enacted level.
    Counter-Unmanned Aircraft Systems.--The Committee supports 
efforts to expand the Bureau's counter-UAS program capabilities 
including increased partnerships with State and local law 
enforcement. The FBI is encouraged to utilize a competitive 
process for acquiring these technologies.
    FBI Police.--The Committee encourages the Director of the 
FBI to designate the members of the FBI Police as law 
enforcement officers and make the rates of basic pay, salary 
schedule, pay provisions, and benefits for its members 
equivalent to the rates of basic pay, salary schedule, pay 
provisions, and benefits applicable to other similar law 
enforcement divisions. Within 180 days of enactment of this 
act, the FBI shall report to the Committee on the retention 
rate and pay of the FBI police compared to other Federal law 
enforcement with similar missions. The Committee urges the FBI 
to coordinate, as appropriate, with the U.S. Office of 
Personnel Management and any other relevant agency as it 
implements these activities.
    Facial Recognition Technology.--The Committee directs DOJ 
to report not later than 90 days after enactment of this act on 
the implementation status of U.S. Government Accountability 
Office recommendations from its May 2016 report, Face 
Recognition Technology: FBI Should Better Ensure Privacy and 
Accuracy (GAO-6-267). GAO reported that DOJ did not complete or 
update privacy impact assessments or publish required public 
notices in a timely manner to ensure proper protection of 
personal information. In addition, GAO found that FBI took 
limited steps to assess the accuracy of the face recognition 
data it uses. GAO made six recommendations and, to date, only 
one of these recommendations has been addressed. DOJ is 
expected to take the steps necessary to complete the 
outstanding GAO recommendations to help ensure the privacy and 
accuracy of the FBI's facial recognition capabilities.
    Timely Responses to Congressional Inquiries.--The Committee 
has heard from other Member offices regarding difficulties 
receiving fulsome and timely responses to Congressional 
inquiries. As a result, the FBI's Office of Congressional 
Affairs is directed to provide timely, substantive responses to 
Congressional requests for information.

                              CONSTRUCTION

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $385,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      51,895,000
Committee recommendation................................     485,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $485,000,000 for 
FBI construction. The recommendation is $100,000,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $433,105,000 above the 
budget request.
    FBI Headquarters.--Due to concerns about the FBI 
Headquarters Revised Nationally-Focused Consolidation Plan 
which was submitted to Congress by the General Services 
Administration [GSA] on February 12, 2018, the Consolidated 
Appropriations Acts of 2018 and 2019 (Public Law 115-141 and 
Public Law 116-6) included no funding for this project. No 
funds were requested for the project for fiscal year 2020, and 
no funds are provided in this bill.
    The Committee continues to be reluctant to appropriate any 
additional funds for this project due to the unanswered 
questions regarding the new plan, including the revision of 
longstanding mission and security requirements. The Committee 
encourages the FBI to work with GSA to submit a prospectus for 
a new, fully-consolidated headquarters building, including at 
one of the three previously vetted sites that complies with 
prior Congressional directives and actions, and meets 
Interagency Security Committee Level V security standards.
    21st Century Facilities.--The Committee continues to 
support the FBI's long-term vision for co-locating 
complimentary mission operations while balancing the eventual 
transition into a new headquarters building with changing 
footprints at Quantico, Clarksburg, Huntsville, and Pocatello 
facilities. The delay in the new FBI headquarters project only 
exacerbates the need to secure viable space for supporting a 
variety of mission, workforce, and land requirements. The 
Committee recommendation provides funding at no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level to further support the FBI's 
21st Century Facility plans and encourages the FBI to 
transition from interim facilities to full operating 
capabilities, including plans for technological requirements. 
As part of this 21st Century Planning, the FBI should continue 
to research the feasibility of using public-private partnership 
opportunities, provided that the annual lease and operating 
costs are reasonable and the facilities can be securely 
constructed and maintained at a level that meets the FBI's 
requirements.

                    Drug Enforcement Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $2,687,703,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................\1\2,976,295,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,783,152,000

\1\The budget request includes $254,000,000 for the consolidation of the 
High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area [HIDTA] from the Office of National 
Drug Control Policy to the DEA. The Committee recommendation does not 
include this transfer.

    The Committee's recommendation provides total resources of 
$2,783,152,000 for the DEA, of which $443,142,000 is derived 
from the DEA's Diversion Control Fee Account. The 
recommendation is $95,449,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $193,143,000 below the budget request. When 
compared to the budget request for DEA operations without the 
HIDTA transfer, the recommendation is $60,857,000 higher. 
Within the funds provided, $10,000,000 is for assistance to 
State and local law enforcement for proper removal and disposal 
of hazardous materials at clandestine methamphetamine labs, and 
to initiate container programs.
    The DEA's mission is to enforce the controlled substances 
laws and regulations of the United States and bring to the 
criminal and civil justice system of the United States--or any 
other competent jurisdiction--those organizations and principal 
members of organizations involved in the growing, 
manufacturing, or distribution of controlled substances 
appearing in or destined for illicit traffic in the United 
States; and to support non-enforcement programs aimed at 
reducing the availability of illicit controlled substances on 
the domestic and international markets.
    Sensitive Investigative Units [SIUs].--The Committee 
strongly supports DEA's SIUs, which often operate in 
conjunction with DEA's Judicial Wire Intercept Programs [JWIP]. 
DEA has achieved success in reducing the production and 
trafficking of illicit narcotics that are destined for the 
United States through these programs. These size and number of 
these programs have grown consistently with DEA's international 
presence. In 1996 DEA had four SIUs, in fiscal year 2020 there 
will be 15 SIUs and 12 JWIPS. The Committee is concerned, 
however, about sustaining the growing needs of these programs.
    The Committee supports the request level for these programs 
and encourages DEA to utilize budgetary options beyond the 
$26,000,000 currently allocated for these programs to ensure 
that each SIU and JWIP program is operating at maximum capacity 
in terms of training, staffing, and equipment. In order to 
assess the future need to properly meet operational demands of 
these programs, the Committee directs the DEA to provide, 
within 90 days, a report that includes a detailed funding 
history for each of the existing SIU and JWIP programs, 
including the number of personnel supported by each SIU and 
JWIP, any ancillary training that is provided to each SIU and 
JWIP, and the criteria used by the Administrator of the DEA to 
make funding determinations for each SIU and JWIP. The report 
shall also clearly describe the funding sources for the program 
to include DEA's appropriation, Department AFF, and funding 
from the Departments of Defense and State. If DEA has plans to 
expand its SIU and JWIP programs, it should also include 
anticipated future needs broken out by location and estimated 
on board date in the detail previously described.
    Meeting Drug Testing Demands.--The Committee is concerned 
that there is a growing unmet need for DEA field offices in 
regards to drug testing, particularly when division, district, 
and resident offices are not located in close proximity to a 
testing laboratory in the DEA Laboratory System. This issue is 
particularly problematic for areas of the country that have 
been hardest hit by increases in synthetic drugs, including 
fentanyl, as well as rural offices or those divisions that do 
not have their own laboratories, as agents must drive long 
distances to reach the nearest laboratory for testing. The 
Committee directs DEA to provide a report detailing the initial 
and out-year costs and associated resource needs, including 
space requirements, to stand up new laboratories as well as 
possible available locations for expansion to cover areas that 
currently do not have access to a laboratory within a 200 mile 
radius, not later than 90 days after enactment of this act.
    Drug Diversion at Veterans Health Administration 
Facilities.--The Committee remains alarmed by the rates of 
prescription drug opioid abuse and related overdoses among 
veterans, as well as allegations of diversion of prescription 
opioids from Veterans Health Administration [VHA] facilities 
into the illicit drug market. According to a February 2019 
Government Accountability Office report, the oversight of 
controlled substances within VHA remains a significant problem. 
That VHA facilities continue to be a source for the illicit 
distribution and use of opioids is extremely concerning, and 
the Committee directs the DEA to ensure that investigations of 
drug diversion in VHA facilities remain a priority. As stated 
in Senate Reports 114-66, 114-239, 115-131, and 115-275, the 
Committee continues to expect the DEA to take steps to ensure 
that sufficient resources are allocated for investigations of 
drug diversion at VHA facilities.
    Permanent Drug Take Back Collection Sites.--The Committee 
directs DEA to continue the permanent drug take back collection 
site program and expand locations where possible as required by 
Senate Report 115-275 and codified in Public Law 116-6.
    Hemp Farming Act Guidance.--The Committee notes that the 
Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 removed hemp and its 
derivatives from the Controlled Substances Act. The Committee 
appreciates DEA's Notice on August 27, 2019, affirming the 
legal status of hemp, including hemp plants and cannabidiol 
[CBD] preparations at or below the 0.3 percent delta-9 
tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] threshold, and directs DEA to ensure 
the subsequent drug codes and scheduling guidance for marijuana 
(cannabis) and marijuana extracts shall be updated to reflect 
this removal.
    Hemp Testing Technology.--The Agriculture Improvement Act 
of 2018 removed hemp and its derivatives from the Controlled 
Substances Act, and authorized the production, consumption and 
sale of hemp and hemp-derived products in the United States. 
The Act requires random testing to ensure hemp meets the 
definition under the law of having a delta-9 THC concentration 
of less than 0.3 percent. The Committee is aware that law 
enforcement and other agencies need to have access to 
laboratory testing and on-the-spot field testing technologies 
and devices to distinguish between hemp and marijuana. The 
Committee is aware that DEA is conducting research in this area 
and has received responses to a Request for Information to 
identify any technology in the marketplace capable of providing 
field test kits. The Committee directs the DEA to continue to 
work to identify and/or develop such devices and technologies. 
The Committee further directs the DEA to report back to the 
Committee not later than 180 days after enactment of this act, 
and not less than every 6 months thereafter, until such time as 
technologies are identified and deployed to law enforcement in 
the field.

          Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $1,316,678,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   1,368,440,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,370,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $1,370,000,000 for 
ATF. The recommendation is $53,322,000 above the fiscal year 
2019 enacted level and $1,560,000 above the budget request. ATF 
has diverse law enforcement responsibilities, and the funding 
increase is provided to allow ATF to carry out these duties and 
to fill existing positions that are currently vacant.
    ATF reduces the criminal use of firearms and illegal 
firearms trafficking, and assists other Federal, State, and 
local law enforcement agencies in reducing crime and violence. 
ATF investigates bombing and arson incidents and assists with 
improving public safety by reducing the criminal misuse of and 
trafficking in explosives, combating acts of arson and arson-
for-profit schemes, and removing safety hazards caused by 
improper and unsafe storage of explosive materials.
    Combating Gun Violence and Enforcing Existing Gun Laws.--
The Committee's recommendation maintains ATF's ability to 
enforce existing firearms laws and perform regulatory oversight 
and training, including through the National Integrated 
Ballistics Information Network [NIBIN]. This funding will 
enable ATF to continue to collect, report, and share ballistic 
intelligence with Federal, State, local, and tribal law 
enforcement partners to identify, target, and disrupt violent 
criminals, including serial shooters. Funds will support work 
with State and local law enforcement agencies and laboratories 
to collect ballistic hit information to provide leads to Crime 
Gun Intelligence Groups for investigations and document 
successful prosecutions as a result of NIBIN.
    United States-Mexico Firearms Trafficking.--The Committee 
continues to support the ATF's efforts to combat weapon 
trafficking on the border. The ATF shall continue to provide 
the Committee with annual data on the total number of firearms 
recovered by the Government of Mexico, and of those, the number 
for which an ATF trace is attempted, the number successfully 
traced, and the number determined to have originated in the 
United States prior to being recovered in Mexico.
    National Center for Explosives Training and Research.--
Since fiscal year 2013, ATF has had the use of NCETR at its 
disposal as a critical facility and Federal asset with unique 
capabilities. However, the Committee has remained concerned 
that NCETR has been understaffed and underutilized. Therefore, 
in an effort to capitalize on the Federal investments that 
currently exist at NCETR, such as the lab and test range, the 
Committee directs the Department to partner with Federal, 
State, and local law enforcement entities, as well as the U.S. 
military where appropriate, to conduct research in the field of 
explosives and precursor chemicals.
    Notification of Local Authorities.--The Committee 
encourages the ATF to, when possible, notify local law 
enforcement when a felon in their jurisdiction tries to buy a 
firearm. If the NICS check is not completed within three days 
and a felon obtains a firearm, the Committee encourages the ATF 
to notify and utilize the help of local law enforcement in 
retrieving the firearm.
    Staffing Designations.--The Committee encourages ATF to 
designate all National Firearms Act examiners and Industry 
Operations Investigators as essential personnel for the 
purposes of continuity for such processing during any period of 
time in which the Federal Government has suspended or limited 
operations.

                         Federal Prison System


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $7,250,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   7,061,953,000
Committee recommendation................................   7,470,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $7,470,000,000 for 
Bureau of Prisons salaries and expenses. The recommendation is 
$220,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$408,047,000 above the budget request. The Committee supports 
the Department's request to increase funding for BOP's 
cybersecurity, including improving network defenses and 
mitigating insider threats.
    Lifting the Hiring Freeze.--The Committee understands that 
both the Department and BOP have started to take steps to 
appropriately staff BOP's 122 Federal facilities across the 
U.S., particularly the hiring of correctional officers at 
medium- and high-security facilities, and directs hiring to 
continue as expeditiously as possible. For far too long, 
positions have remained vacant leading to dangerous conditions 
for staff due to increased overtime and the use of augmentation 
as well as reduced services for inmates. The overall inmate to 
correctional officer ratio has increased from 8.3 to 1 to 9.1 
to 1, a level that the Committee considers unsafe and directs 
BOP to immediately correct. BOP is directed to provide a report 
within 90 days of enactment of this act regarding the number of 
vacancies at each facility further detailed by job title, job 
series, and General Schedule level as well as the number of 
applicants going through the hiring process for each vacant 
position. If there are expedited hiring efforts the Department 
can make to ensure BOP is properly staffed, the Committee 
directs the Department to do so, and to include these measures 
and their results in the aforementioned report.
    The Committee supports the use of recruitment and retention 
bonuses and rejects any further position eliminations. As 
institutions are often located in remote areas with employees 
living in neighboring jurisdictions, BOP is directed to review 
locality pay to ensure institution staff are receiving proper 
locality pay and submit a report on its findings to the 
Committee within 120 days of enactment. The Committee is aware 
of many cases where employees live in adjacent counties to the 
institution and unfortunately receive lower locality pay as a 
result.
    Hiring and Staffing Reports.--The Committee directs BOP to 
submit quarterly hiring and staffing reports, including 
corrections officer-to-inmate ratios from Pay Period 26-2016 to 
the present for the OPM position classification standard 
Correctional Officer Series GS-0007, broken out by region; 
institution, to include an additional subset for each facility 
within an institutional complex; and security level no later 
than 90 days after enactment of this act. For further 
transparency, this data is also directed to be published on 
BOP's website.
    BOP previously notified the Committee that it does not 
currently record staffing by shift [morning watch, day watch, 
evening watch], but is directed to start recording this data 
and include these metrics in this report by the end of the 
fiscal year. For any institution with a staffing ratio greater 
than 15:1, or an incident involving deadly force in any such 
report, BOP shall provide a separate, detailed explanation of 
the role staffing may or may not have played in the incident 
along with a corrective plan to ensure it will not happen 
again.
    Augmentation.--BOP reports that there is a higher incidence 
of serious assaults by inmates on staff at high- and medium-
security institutions than at the lower security facilities, 
yet to meet staffing needs, BOP routinely uses a process called 
``augmentation,'' whereby a non-custodial employee is assigned 
custodial responsibilities. The continued use of augmentation 
stretches correctional facility staff too thin leading to 
unsafe conditions for both staff and inmates.
    The Committee has expressed its concerns about the practice 
of augmentation since fiscal year 2017 and once again directs 
BOP to curtail its overreliance on augmentation, particularly 
in housing units, a directive issued again as part of Senate 
Report 115-275 and codified in Public Law 116-6. BOP should 
focus on hiring additional full-time correctional staff before 
continuing to augment existing staff. BOP is further directed 
to submit quarterly reports to the Committee on the use of 
augmentation broken out by region, institution, and security 
level each time this practice is employed. In addition to 
officer and inmate safety concerns, the Committee also notes 
that augmenting staff means that critical programs and services 
required for inmates under the First Step Act are imperiled 
when those who provide counseling, education and other programs 
to inmates are being pulled from their original duties to work 
in the cellblock.
    Alleviating Overcrowding at High-Security Facilities.--The 
overcrowding rate at high-security prisons is 21 percent. The 
Committee supports BOP's efforts to alleviate overcrowding at 
high-security facilities through the process of activating 
additional prisons. The Committee expects BOP to adhere to its 
activation schedule regarding these prison facilities, 
including the acceptance of high-security inmates at the United 
States Penitentiary [USP] in Thomson, Illinois, as BOP 
estimates overcrowding at high-security facilities to be 
reduced to 19 percent with the full opening of USP Thomson. The 
Committee continues to direct that this facility be designated 
as a high-security USP.
    The Committee previously directed BOP to ensure at least 
two correctional officers are on duty for each housing unit for 
all three shifts at all high-security institutions to include 
USPs and Administrative and Federal Detention Centers. BOP is 
directed to continue to submit quarterly reports to the 
Committee showing compliance with this directive and provide a 
cost estimate and strategic plan for implementation for medium-
security institutions that currently do not have a second 
officer for all three shifts.
    First Step Act [FSA] Implementation.--The Committee directs 
the Department and BOP to fully and expeditiously implement the 
FSA (Public Law 115-391), and provides $75,000,000 in new, 
dedicated funding for this purpose. While the Committee was 
encouraged by the Department's progress in both establishing 
the Independent Review Committee and providing Congress with 
the outline of the Risk and Needs Assessment tool by the 
statutory deadline, the Department must fulfill the law's other 
requirements no later than the deadlines established by the 
Act, including the completion of the initial intake risk and 
needs assessment for each inmate in the population through the 
Risk and Needs Assessment tool, the assignment of prisoners to 
appropriate evidence-based recidivism reduction programs based 
on that determination, and the establishment of additional 
earned time credits.
    The Department is directed to report to both the Committees 
on Appropriations and Judiciary, within 90 days of enactment of 
this act, and every 90 days thereafter, on all actions and 
expenditures to implement the FSA, including activities, 
expenditures and resource requirements to develop, implement, 
review, validate, and maintain the risk and needs assessment 
and to evaluate and provide evidence-based recidivism reduction 
programs and productive activities.
    Additional Requirements of the FSA.--Section 102 of the FSA 
requires the Attorney General to develop policies for the 
warden of each BOP facility to enter into partnerships with 
non-governmental and faith-based organizations to provide 
evidence-based recidivism reduction programming or productive 
activities for inmates at a reduced cost or no cost to the 
Federal Government. Such partnerships have been successful in 
dozens of States, reducing crime rates and helping to restore 
the lives of the incarcerated. Because the FSA requires BOP to 
provide a majority of inmates with the opportunity to 
participate in recidivism reduction programming or productive 
activities, it is imperative for the Department to quickly 
identify and engage in opportunities to increase available 
programming through non-governmental sources. The Committee 
therefore directs the Attorney General to issue guidance and 
policies for recidivism reduction partnerships, as required 
under section 102 of Public Law 115-391, not later than 30 days 
after the date of enactment of this act.
    Additionally, the Act requires BOP to assist inmates 
applying for Federal and State benefits as well as obtaining 
critical identification for re-entry, including a social 
security card, driver's license or other official photo 
identification, and birth certificate. Within 45 days of 
enactment of this act, BOP is directed to provide a status 
report to the Committees on Appropriations and Judiciary 
indicating the guidance issued to BOP staff as well as a 
description of how these additional requirements are being met, 
including the number of inmates receiving assistance in 
securing benefits and identification, any difficulties BOP is 
encountering in obtaining these documents, and the list of 
organizations partnering with BOP to include the programming 
provided by each organization for each facility. The Committee 
further directs BOP to provide quarterly reports to the 
Committees on Appropriations and Judiciary with updated 
information on both recidivism reduction partnerships and 
assistance with obtaining identification and benefits.
    The FSA also requires BOP to designate an inmate to reside 
in a BOP facility as close as practicable to the prisoner's 
primary residence and, to the extent practicable, in a facility 
within 500 driving miles of that residence. In order to meet 
this requirement, especially in States that are not contiguous 
with the Continental United States, the Committee directs BOP 
to consider the expansion of Residential Reentry Centers [RRC] 
as one possible method for complying with the 500 driving mile 
requirement.
    Lieutenant Osvaldo Albarati Correctional Officer Self-
Protection Act.--Section 202 of the First Step Act (Public Law 
115-391) requires the Director of the BOP to ensure that each 
Federal penal or correctional institution provides a secure 
storage area located outside of the secure perimeter of the 
institution for employees to store firearms or allows employees 
to store firearms in a vehicle lockbox. The Committee 
recognizes the importance of this provision in ensuring BOP 
employee safety, and directs the Director to provide the 
storage facilities required under the act not later than the 
end of the fiscal year. Within 90 days of enactment of this 
act, the Department shall submit a report to the Committee on 
its implementation plan and progress until completion on a 
quarterly basis.
    Medication-Assisted Treatment [MAT].--The Committee is 
disappointed that while it has provided funding for MAT in BOP 
since fiscal year 2016, fewer than 30 inmates received MAT 
between fiscal years 2016-2018. In fiscal year 2020, the 
Committee expects no less than $2,000,000 to be used for MAT 
for inmates in BOP institutions and RRCs. The Committee 
understands that BOP returned more than 1,000 doses of expired 
naltrexone in fiscal year 2019 and directs BOP to use any 
credit it may have received for MAT expansion. The Committee 
directs BOP to consider all three forms of FDA-approved MAT as 
it expands MAT access.
    Additionally, the Committee has received conflicting 
information from the Department regarding BOP's MAT program, 
and therefore directs BOP to report quarterly on the number of 
individuals that are screened for MAT, are seeking MAT, have 
received MAT, and those on a wait list for MAT. These 
categories should be further broken out by institution and type 
of MAT. The initial report is directed to be submitted to the 
Committee within 30 days of enactment of this act.
    Federal Detainers.--In an effort to ensure that criminal 
aliens are not improperly released into our communities, the 
Committee directs BOP to offer Immigration and Customs 
Enforcement [ICE] the first opportunity to take into custody 
and remove an individual with a Federal detainer instead of BOP 
and ICE automatically deferring to States and municipalities 
who are seeking custody of the same individual. ICE's decision 
to exercise this right of first refusal with BOP will be 
informed, in part, by the State or municipality's willingness 
to cooperate with Federal authorities on ICE detainers.
    Compassionate Release.--The Committee notes that BOP 
expanded the grounds for, and streamlined the process of, 
considering requests for compassionate release in 2013. The 
Committee is also aware that the Department's OIG recommended 
additional reforms to the compassionate release program in its 
2013 review of the program. In 2016, the U.S. Sentencing 
Commission [USSC] amended the criteria for compassionate 
release and encouraged BOP to file a motion for those prisoners 
who meet the criteria as identified by the Commission.
    The Committee requests an updated report containing the 
information required by Senate Report 115-275 and codified in 
Public Law 116-6, including an account of: (1) any steps taken 
by BOP to implement the OIG and USSC's recommendations; (2) for 
those recommendations not met, BOP's plan for future 
implementation and/or an explanation as to why these 
recommendations cannot be implemented; (3) the number of 
prisoners granted or denied compassionate release during each 
of the last 5 years; (4) for each of the past 5 years, the 
number of requests initiated by or on behalf of prisoners, 
categorized by the criteria relied on as grounds for a 
reduction in sentence; (5) for each year, the number of 
requests approved by the Director of the BOP, categorized by 
the criteria relied on as grounds for a reduction in sentence; 
(6) for each year, the number of denials by the Director of the 
BOP, categorized by the criteria relied on as grounds for a 
reduction in sentence and the reason given for the denial; (7) 
for each year, the period of time between the date the request 
was received by the warden and the final decision, categorized 
by the criteria relied on as grounds for a reduction in 
sentence; and (8) for each year, the number of prisoners who 
died while their compassionate release requests were pending 
and, for each, the amount of time that elapsed between the date 
the request was received by the warden.
    Inmate Mental Health Care and Restrictive Housing.--The 
Committee was encouraged that BOP agreed to resolve the 15 
recommendations made by the Department's OIG in July 2017 
regarding the need for BOP to improve its screening, treatment, 
and monitoring of inmates with mental illness housed in 
Restrictive Housing Units. The Committee encourages BOP to 
continue to develop evidence-based policies and appropriate 
facilities that ensure BOP can do its job safely while also 
providing proper care for those inmates with mental illnesses. 
As such, the Committee requests a report, within 180 days of 
enactment of this act, from BOP on the status of resolving each 
of those 15 OIG recommendations issued in July 2017.
    National Institute of Corrections [NIC].--The Committee 
rejects the request to eliminate the NIC.
    Correctional Education Evaluation.--The Committee 
recognizes the value of correctional education in reducing 
recidivism. The Committee is concerned, however, that there is 
a lack of comprehensive data and analysis on key questions such 
as the necessary amount of intervention education; how 
intervention needs vary by educational program; and what models 
of instruction and curriculum delivery are most effective in 
correctional environments. Therefore, the Committee encourages 
NIC efforts to establish public-private partnerships with 
research and correctional institutions to evaluate completed 
demonstration projects involving postsecondary education 
programs in prisons. The report regarding NIC's findings on 
correctional education as directed by Senate Report 115-275 and 
codified by Public Law 116-6 has yet to be submitted. The 
Committee expects this report to be submitted in short order.
    Freedom of Information Act Records.--The Committee expects 
BOP to maintain records and respond to records requests, 
consistent with the requirements of section 5 U.S.C. 552 
(commonly referenced as the Freedom of Information Act), for 
information related to all Federal offenders in the custody of 
BOP, regardless of whether such offenders are housed in a 
Federal or non-Federal prison, detention center, correctional 
institution, privately managed or community-based facility, or 
local jail. The Committee further notes that BOP should not 
withhold records from disclosure unless BOP reasonably foresees 
that disclosure would harm an interest protected by an 
exemption described in 5 U.S.C. 552b, or as otherwise 
prohibited by law.
    Contraband Telecommunications and Jamming.--The Committee 
remains concerned about the rising use of contraband cellular 
phones and other devices in facilities administered by, or 
under contract with, BOP. Contraband cell phones enable the 
continuation and facilitation of criminal activity, threatening 
the safety of correctional officers and staff, other inmates, 
and public safety. Given the growing threats from these 
activities, including the financial scams and sextortion of 
innocent citizens by inmates from within these facilities, 
additional solutions are required sooner rather than later. As 
such, BOP must take all steps necessary to ensure that inmates 
who use these contraband devices will no longer have access to 
these networks to direct criminal activities in or beyond 
prison.
    BOP is directed to act upon the recommendations of their 
fiscal year 2016 report submitted to the Committee and deploy 
telecommunications technologies to thwart illegal usage of 
telecommunications in institutions while not interfering with 
the legitimate use of spectrum. BOP shall also incorporate the 
lessons learned and best practices to be developed through its 
recent micro-jamming pilot program conducted in conjunction 
with NTIA. The Committee supports the BOP's request for jamming 
pilots. The Department shall report to the Committee within 30 
days of enactment of this act, detailing its plans for the 
implementation of this program. The Committee further directs 
the Department to submit a report within 90 days of enactment 
of this act on the costs associated with and the resources 
needed to conduct a full facility jamming pilot. This report 
should include technology costs, as well as the staffing needs 
associated with this type of jamming pilot, for BOP and for any 
partner agencies, like the NTIA, that would be involved.
    Residential Reentry Centers.--The Committee maintains its 
concerns and expectations regarding RRCs as outlined in Senate 
Report 115-139 and codified in Public Law 115-141, including 
the direction requiring BOP to alert the Committee before 
adopting any significant change in policy or practice involving 
RRCs or other recidivism-reduction measures. The Committee 
directs BOP to refrain from canceling or modifying any existing 
contracts for RRCs if another BOP-contracted RRC facility does 
not exist within 100 miles of the existing RRC. In instances 
where RRC contracts are expiring, the Committee directs BOP to 
take interim and emergency measures to prevent facility 
closures and the interruption of services, including by 
expediting solicitations and re-solicitations for existing 
services.
    Minimum Security Camps.--The Committee does not approve of 
BOP's proposal to close or move any of the Bureau's seven 
stand-alone federal correctional minimum security camps.
    Emergency Preparations.--The Committee directs the GAO to 
examine how the BOP protects inmates during natural or manmade 
disasters and emergencies, to include any emergency response 
plans and standard operating procedures and how existing 
Federal guidance and best practices are utilized within BOP 
institutions, and what, if anything, BOP needs to do to 
strengthen these safeguards in the future. The Committee 
directs GAO to study the extent to which BOP assesses if its 
institutions, as well as contracted facilities, are developing 
plans that incorporate risk management best practices and 
relevant standards for emergency preparedness.

                        BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $264,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      99,205,000
Committee recommendation................................     290,000,000

    This act includes $290,000,000 for the construction, 
acquisition, modernization, maintenance, and repair of prison 
and detention facilities housing Federal inmates. The 
recommendation is $26,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $190,795,000 above the budget request. Within 
this amount, not less than $181,000,000 is for costs related to 
construction of new facilities currently not fully funded that 
remain on BOP's Monthly Construction Status Report. BOP shall 
proceed with ongoing planned and associated new construction 
efforts to meet projected capacity requirements, as identified 
in its monthly status of construction reports to the Committee. 
BOP is directed to continue to provide such reports on a 
quarterly basis, along with notifications and explanations of 
any deviation from construction and activation schedules, and 
any planned adjustments or corrective actions.
    The Committee includes bill language in Title V--General 
Provisions stipulating that no BOP resources may be used for 
facilities to house detainees from the United States Naval 
Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    Modernization and Repair [M&R] of Existing Facilities.--BOP 
operates 122 facilities, almost one-third of which are more 
than 50 years old; 25 are more than 75 years old. These 
facilities are rapidly deteriorating and are in need of 
extensive work and repair to maintain safe, secure, and 
functioning facilities. This need is further illustrated by the 
power and heating outages that occurred for extended periods at 
several BOP facilities in early 2019. To begin to remedy this, 
the Committee provides $109,000,000 for M&R purposes, which is 
$10,000,000 above than the enacted level and $9,795,000 above 
the budget request.

                FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED

                (LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES)

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $2,700,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       2,700,000
Committee recommendation................................       2,700,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides a limitation on the 
administrative expenses of $2,700,000 for the Federal Prison 
Industries, Inc. The recommendation is equal to the fiscal year 
2019 enacted level and equal to the budget request.

               State and Local Law Enforcement Activities

    In total, the Committee recommends $3,161,590,000 for State 
and local law enforcement and crime prevention grant programs, 
including: $2,661,590,000 in discretionary appropriations and 
in mandatory appropriations, and $500,000,000 from funds 
provided under section 510 of this act. The total is 
$139,290,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$704,590,000 above the budget estimate.
    Management and Administration Expenses.--The Department 
shall, in preparing its fiscal year 2020 spending plan, assess 
management and administration [M&A] expenses compared to 
program funding. The Committee directs the Department to ensure 
that its assessment methodology is equitable and, for programs 
funded through the CVF, that the assessment reflects a fair 
representation of the share of each program devoted to common 
M&A costs. The Committee also directs grant offices to minimize 
administrative spending in order to maximize the amount of 
funding that can be used for grants or training and technical 
assistance. The Committee reiterates the direction provided in 
Public Law 113-76 that the Department shall detail, as part of 
its budget submission for fiscal year 2021 and future years, 
the actual costs for each grant office with respect to 
training, technical assistance, research and statistics, and 
peer review for the prior fiscal year, along with estimates of 
planned expenditures by each grant office in each of these 
categories for the current year and the budget year.
    Streamlining the Grant Application Process.--The 
Department's grant making components are directed to improve 
the grant application process to make it simpler for grantees 
to understand eligibility and submission requirements. The 
Committee is aware of several instances where support documents 
were not uploaded despite genuine grantee efforts, and 
therefore directs the Department to ensure grant submission 
platforms are more reliable and user friendly. The Committee 
also expects this process to provide greater clarity to 
applicants regarding future reporting requirements and 
deadlines. The Committee understands that some grantees whose 
documentation was not uploaded properly, or whose documentation 
is lacking, often are not notified until several months later 
when grants are finally awarded. The Department is directed to 
explore methods to ensure grant application submissions are not 
possible until the required documentation is appropriately 
attached and report to the Committee within 90 days of 
enactment of this act as to how this can be accomplished and 
what resources may be necessary to technologically achieve this 
streamlined submission process.
    Expanded Purpose Areas for Crime Victim Assistance.--The 
Committee reminds OVC of the final rule (81 Fed. Reg. 44515) 
regarding the expansion of purpose areas that can be used for 
victim services programs including discretionary grants.
    Compliance with Federal Laws.--The Committee directs the 
Department to ensure that all applicants for Edward Byrne 
Memorial Justice Assistance Grants [Byrne JAG], COPS grants, 
and State Criminal Alien Assistance Program [SCAAP] funds are 
required to attest and certify that the potential grant 
recipients are in compliance with all applicable Federal laws, 
and shall be required to continue to remain compliant 
throughout the duration of their grant award period.
    Grant Funding Set-Asides.--The Committee notes the 
significant number of reductions in grant funding allowable for 
various purposes, including training, technical assistance, 
research, evaluation, and statistics activities with set-asides 
ranging anywhere from 2 percent to 10 percent of total grant 
funding provided. To that end, the Committee directs the 
Department to continue providing a comprehensive report 
concurrently with the spending plan that details the total 
amount provided for each grant program in this act, the 
specific reductions taken, the purpose for those reductions, 
and the final use of those resources, including any transfers 
that may occur among Office of Justice Programs [OJP], Office 
on Violence Against Women [OVW], and COPS. The Committee 
expects that the report will provide a complete analysis of the 
final amounts externally awarded and the amounts retained 
internally for other purposes.
    Grant Funds for Rural Areas.--The Committee is concerned 
about the needs of rural areas, especially those communities 
with high crime rates. The Committee wants to ensure that the 
challenges encountered by the residents of these areas are 
being addressed through the equitable use of grant funding. The 
Committee reminds the Department to consider the unique needs 
of rural communities when making grant awards through the 
numerous programs funded by this bill.
    Tribal Grants and Victim Assistance.--The Committee 
provides a total of $77,000,000 in discretionary grant funding 
for tribes as follows: $38,000,000 within OJP for tribal 
assistance; $5,000,000 for a tribal youth program within the 
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention [OJJDP]; 
$27,000,000 for tribal resources and $3,000,000 for a Tribal 
Access Program within the COPS Office; and $4,000,000 for a 
special domestic violence criminal jurisdiction program within 
the OVW.
    For tribal assistance grants within OJP, funding is to be 
used to support efforts to help tribes improve the capacity of 
their criminal and civil justice systems. OJP is expected to 
consult closely with tribal stakeholders in determining how 
tribal assistance funds will be awarded for detention 
facilities, including outdated detention facilities that are 
unfit for detention purposes and beyond rehabilitation; courts; 
alcohol and substance abuse programs; civil and criminal legal 
assistance; and other priorities. The Committee directs OJP to 
submit, as part of the Department's spending plan for fiscal 
year 2020, a plan for the use of these funds that is informed 
by such consultation.
    In addition, the bill includes a 5 percent set-aside for 
tribes within the CVF. OVC is directed to consult closely with 
tribal stakeholders to improve services for tribal victims of 
crime to include expanded purpose areas described in the OVC 
final rule effective August 8, 2016. OVC shall continue to 
follow direction provided by the Committee in Senate Report 
115-275 and codified in Public Law 116-6 regarding grant 
application requirements, accountability, and assistance.
    Human Trafficking in Indian Country.--The Committee 
encourages the Department of Justice in coordination with the 
Departments of the Interior and Health and Human Services to 
work to address the need for and impact of Federal grant 
assistance regarding human trafficking in Indian Country, to 
ensure that Federal dollars are used effectively and 
efficiently.
    Science Advisory Board.--The Committee recognizes the 
contributions of OJP's Science Advisory Board [Board] and 
encourages the re-establishment of the Board. The Board worked 
to provide extra-agency review of, and recommendations for, 
OJP's research, statistics, and grants program. The re-
established Board should be comprised of scholars and 
practitioners in criminology, statistics, sociology, and 
practitioners in the criminal and juvenile justice fields and 
should be tasked with ensuring the programs and activities of 
OJP are scientifically sound and pertinent to policymakers and 
practitioners.
    Housing and Services for Victims of Human Trafficking.--The 
Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7101 et. 
seq.), as amended by section 224 of Public Law 114-22 (22 
U.S.C. 7105 (b)(2)(A)), authorizes the Attorney General to make 
grants to develop, expand, or strengthen victim service 
programs for victims of human trafficking, including programs 
that provide housing. To comply with this Act, the Department 
entered into a Memorandum of Understanding [MOU] with the 
Department of Housing and Urban Development [HUD] to help 
address the housing needs of human trafficking victims.
    On July 2, 2019, HUD published a Notice of Funding 
Availability [NOFA] to make $13,500,000 available for grants to 
eligible organizations to implement and provide housing and 
trauma-informed, victim-centered services to victims of human 
trafficking. HUD modified the NOFA on August 26, 2019, before 
subsequently withdrawing it on September 9, 2019, without any 
advance notice to applicants or the Committees on 
Appropriations or Judiciary.
    The Committee strongly supports providing resources for 
victims of human trafficking in accordance with the statute, 
and is concerned about the lack of transparency and abrupt 
cancellation of this NOFA. As such, the Committee directs the 
Department to provide the Committee with a contingency plan for 
how to allocate these funds as authorized under 22 U.S.C. 
7105(b) if HUD continues to further delay, as well as provide 
notice of any changes to the MOU within 15 days of enactment of 
this act.
    When transferring Departmental funds to other Federal 
agencies that administer services as part of a grant, the 
Department is directed to ensure it is consulted at least 15 
days in advance of any changes being made by that agency during 
the grant making process to include any cancellations or delays 
of the grant solicitation.
    Support Services for Younger Victims of Sexual Exploitation 
and Sex Trafficking.--Young victims of commercial sexual 
exploitation and sex trafficking have historically faced 
barriers to accessing victims services due to stringent 
requirements to be legally recognized as victims. The Committee 
encourages the Department to issue guidance that young adults 
(ages 18-24) that have been identified by qualified youth 
service professionals as victims of commercial sexual 
exploitation or sex trafficking should be eligible for 
services.
    OVC should support mentoring services specifically for 
children and youth victims of commercial sexual exploitation or 
sex trafficking and their families that are comprehensive, 
specialized, developmentally appropriate, and trauma-informed. 
Young victims of commercial sexual exploitation or sex 
trafficking lack the connection to safe, caring, and consistent 
adults to support them in responding to adversity and building 
resilience in the transition to adulthood. Mentors can promote 
healing, and foster cognitive, social-emotional, and identity 
development in youth, and provide an ongoing connection to 
other services and support systems.
    OVC is encouraged to support demonstration projects to 
pilot and evaluate flexible housing options for both youth 
(aged under 18) and young adult (aged 18-24) victims of 
commercial sexual exploitation or sex trafficking during the 
transition to adulthood. Housing should be safe, 
developmentally appropriate, trauma-informed, and include a 
variety of flexible options to meet the unique needs of those 
served inside and outside of the child welfare system.
    Post-Conviction Relief for Trafficking Victims.--The 
Committee recognizes that serious, sustained efforts and 
investments in victim-centered programs are necessary to help 
address the rise in human trafficking and is committed to 
helping victims seek justice and ensure that offenders are held 
accountable. The Committee is concerned about reports that 
trafficking victims are prosecuted, both at the Federal and 
State levels, for crimes directly related to their trafficking. 
Criminal convictions often disqualify victims from numerous 
Federal programs and impede their recovery. The Committee is 
concerned that removing expungement services from eligible 
activities for OVC grants contradicts the 2017 Trafficking in 
Persons Report released by the State Department, which 
encouraged the expansion of vacatur services.
    The Committee directs OVC to allow the use of funds for 
direct representation on vacatur and expungement for a 
conviction for a non-violent crime that is a direct result of 
being a trafficking victim. Furthermore, the Committee directs 
the Department to submit the report required in Senate Report 
115-275 and codified in Public Law 116-6 regarding the Federal 
Government's ability to supplement State vacatur programs.
    Assistance for Exonerees.--The Committee directs the 
Department to assess what Federal support and services could be 
offered to both exonerees throughout their reentry as well as 
to crime victims and family members in cases where exoneration 
has taken place. Findings and recommendations are directed to 
be reported to the Committee within 120 days of enactment of 
this act.
    Submission of Officer Training Information.--The Committee 
directs the Department to continue following direction provided 
in fiscal years 2017, 2018, and 2019 regarding the submission 
of officer training data as part of both the Byrne-JAG and COPS 
hiring grant process. The Department is further directed to 
provide this data to the Bureau of Justice Statistics in order 
to begin a data collection set and issue a report on how 
officers are trained, what kind of training they receive, and 
the rank of officers receiving training.
    STOP School Violence Act.--The Committee provides a total 
of $100,000,000 for the STOP School Violence Act (Division S, 
Title V of Public Law 115-141) grant program, which is equal to 
the authorized amount and equal to the fiscal year 2019 level. 
Of this amount, $67,000,000 is provided to the Bureau of 
Justice Assistance [BJA] for evidence-based school safety 
programs outlined in the act and $33,000,000 is provided to the 
COPS Office for their respective competitive grant programs as 
outlined in the act. States, localities, Tribes and 
corresponding school districts should consider using BJA funds 
as permitted under the act for school violence prevention 
programs to prevent violent acts before a weapon enters a 
campus, including development and operation of evidence-based 
school threat assessments and trainings for school personnel 
and students to identify and report signs of violence against 
others or self. As designated in the authorization for the COPS 
portion of this program, funding is allowable for strengthening 
security measures, such as technology for expedited 
notification of local law enforcement during an emergency, 
locks, lighting, and other deterrent measures.
    Consent Decrees and Grant Assistance.--The Committee is 
aware that the Department's Civil Rights Division is currently 
enforcing 14 consent decrees. The Committee is also aware of 
the benefits received by the local communities and their 
citizens after a consent decree has been successfully enforced 
and the required reforms are implemented. As tensions between 
certain communities and police departments have grown in recent 
years, the Committee seeks to ensure that consent decrees 
continue to be implemented successfully and encourages the 
Department to provide additional training and technical 
assistance for jurisdictions participating in a consent decree 
with the Department.
    Financial Exploitation.--The Committee commends the work of 
the OVC to address the issue of financial exploitation of older 
Americans by guardians, conservators, and other fiduciaries. As 
emphasized in Senate Report 115-275 and codified in Public Law 
116-6, the Committee encourages OVC to continue working with 
stakeholders to minimize loss of the assets of individuals 
subject to conservatorship and to improve access to the legal 
system by victims of conservatorship exploitation.
    Peer-to-Peer Training.--The OVC is directed to use up to 
$5,000,000 to provide peer-to-peer training on Federal grants 
management and administration for Victims of Crime Act victim 
assistance grantees and subgrantees. This peer-to-peer training 
should cover all aspects of Federal grants management and 
administration, including needs assessments; stakeholder 
engagement, including those who speak for victims; system-wide 
planning; principles of evidence-based practice and data-driven 
innovation from a victim-centered lens; pre- and post-award 
processes; principles and functions; application development; 
program establishment; monitoring and auditing; progress 
reporting; budget development and review; financial management 
and reporting; closeout and corrective action plans; and staff 
responsibilities. The Committee believes contracting with a 
non-profit entity that has direct experience and expertise in 
peer-to-peer training for state administering agencies, local 
government agencies, and non-profit service providers on 
Federal grants management, administration, and planning is the 
appropriate mechanism to provide this training.
    Issuance of DOJ Grant Solicitations.--The Committee directs 
all Department of Justice grant making components to have 
fiscal year 2020 grant solicitations posted no later than May 
15, 2020, to ensure applicants to have a minimum of 60 days to 
submit an application and to ensure that DOJ has adequate time 
to consider the funding requests and submissions subject to 
requirements outlined in section 505 of the bill. Should a new 
grant program be appropriated or an existing grant program be 
modified by this bill, the Department shall issue solicitations 
for new programs or re-issue modified grant program 
solicitations as expeditiously as possible while still meeting 
the requirements of section 505.
    DOJ Grants, Multi-Year Awards Oversight.--The Committee 
encourages DOJ to review its multi-year grant award processes 
and protocols to ensure grantees have fully complied with the 
rules of year one funding before year two funding is disbursed 
in multi-year grant awards.

                    Office on Violence Against Women

       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2019.................................... \1\$497,500,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................  \2\492,500,000
Committee recommendation................................  \1\500,000,000

\1\Derived by transfer from funding available under section 510 of this 
act.
\2\Requested to be derived from funding available under section 510 of 
this act.

    The Committee's recommendation provides $500,000,000 for 
OVW grants. The recommendation is $2,500,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 enacted level and $7,500,000 above the budget 
request. Resources are provided to the OVW to respond to the 
needs of all victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, 
dating violence, and stalking, including, but not limited to, 
Native women, immigrants, LGBT victims, college students, 
youths, and public housing residents.
    The table below displays the Committee's recommendations 
for the programs under this office.

       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Committee
                       Program                           Recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
STOP Grants..........................................           215,000
Transitional Housing Assistance......................            36,500
Research and Evaluation on Violence Against Women....             2,500
Consolidated Youth Oriented Program..................            11,000
Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies..................            53,000
    Homicide Reduction Initiative....................             4,000
Sexual Assault Victims Services......................            37,500
Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement..            43,500
Violence on College Campuses.........................            20,000
Civil Legal Assistance...............................            45,500
Elder Abuse Grant Program............................             5,000
Family Civil Justice.................................            17,000
Education and Training for Disabled Female Victims...             6,000
National Center on Workplace Responses...............             1,000
Research on Violence Against Indian Women............             1,000
Indian Country--Sexual Assault Clearinghouse.........               500
Tribal Special Domestic Violence Criminal                         4,000
 Jurisdiction........................................
Rape Survivor Child Custody Act......................             1,000
                                                      ------------------
      TOTAL, Violence Against Women Prevention and              500,000
       Prosecution Programs..........................
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    STOP Grants.--Within the discretionary budget authority 
appropriated, $215,000,000 is for formula grants to the States. 
This is equal to the budget request and equal to the fiscal 
year 2019 enacted level. The recommendation supports increasing 
access to comprehensive legal services for victims, providing 
short-term housing assistance and support services for domestic 
violence victims, and education and training to end violence 
against and abuse of women with disabilities.
    Sexual Assault Services Act.--The Committee's 
recommendation provides $37,500,000, which is $2,500,000 above 
the budget request and equal to the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level, to directly fund the needs of sexual assault victims.
    As part of VAWA 2005 and reauthorized by VAWA 2013, the 
Sexual Assault Services Program addresses considerable gaps in 
services to sexual assault victims. The Committee supports a 
dedicated stream of funding to provide a broad range of 
services to adult and child sexual assault victims and their 
families through the well-established and well-regarded system 
of community-based rape crisis centers throughout the United 
States, and maintains its strong commitment to ensuring that 
these rape crisis centers have access to technical assistance, 
training, and support.
    Protecting VAWA.--The Committee expects the Attorney 
General to ensure enforcement of Section 5 of the Justice for 
All Reauthorization Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-324) and to 
issue guidance making clear that it would be inappropriate to 
subject OVW funds to such penalties.

                       Office of Justice Programs

    The OJP is responsible for providing leadership, 
coordination, and assistance to its Federal, State, local, and 
tribal partners to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of 
the U.S. justice system in preventing, controlling, and 
responding to crime. As most of the responsibility for crime 
control and prevention falls to law enforcement officers in 
States, cities, and other localities, the Federal Government is 
effective in these areas only to the extent that it can enter 
into successful partnerships with these jurisdictions. 
Therefore, OJP is tasked with administering grants; collecting 
statistical data and conducting analyses; identifying emerging 
criminal justice issues; developing and testing promising and 
innovative approaches to address these issues; evaluating 
program results; and disseminating these findings and other 
information to State, local, and tribal governments. The 
Committee directs OJP to submit an annual report on grant 
programs that have not received a sufficient number of 
qualified applicants.

                  RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND STATISTICS

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $80,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      94,500,000
Committee recommendation................................      80,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $80,000,000 for the 
Research, Evaluation and Statistics account. The recommendation 
is equal to the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $14,500,000 
below the budget request.
    Funding in this account provides assistance in the areas of 
research, evaluation, statistics, hate crimes, DNA and 
forensics, criminal background checks, and gun safety 
technology, among others.
    The Committee's recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

                   RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND STATISTICS
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Committee
                       Program                           Recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bureau of Justice Statistics.........................            43,000
National Institute of Justice........................            37,000
    Domestic Radicalization Research.................             5,000
    Research on School Safety........................             1,000
    National Study of Law Enforcement Responses to                1,000
     Sex Trafficking of Minors.......................
    National Center on Forensics.....................             2,000
    National Center for Restorative Justice..........             3,000
                                                      ------------------
      TOTAL, Research Evaluation and Statistics......            80,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Spending Plans.--The Department shall submit to the 
Committee as part of its spending plan for State and Local Law 
Enforcement Activities a plan for the use of all funding 
administered by the National Institute of Justice and the 
Bureau of Justice Statistics, respectively, for approval by the 
Committee prior to the obligation of any such funds.
    Bureau of Justice Statistics [BJS].--The Committee's 
recommendation provides $43,000,000 for the BJS. The 
recommendation is equal to the fiscal year 2019 level and 
$5,000,000 less than the request.
    Data on Police Suicide.--The Committee understands that 
there is currently no national data concerning suicides of law 
enforcement officers. To truly understand the scope of this 
issue and determine rates of death or other trends, BJS is 
directed to maintain a data set and report on police suicides 
for Federal, State, and local law enforcement. A status report 
to the Committee on accomplishing this data collection is 
requested within 90 days of enactment of this act.
    Data Collection on Police Pursuits and High Risk Vehicle 
Events.--The BJS is encouraged to develop a data collection set 
to accurately capture the number of deaths and injuries from 
police pursuits and high risk vehicle events involving law 
enforcement.
    National Institute of Justice [NIJ].--The Committee's 
recommendation provides $37,000,000 for the NIJ, in addition to 
$3,500,000 transferred from the OVW for research and evaluation 
on violence against women and Indian women. Within the funds 
provided for NIJ, $5,000,000 is provided for domestic 
radicalization research. The NIJ's mission is to advance 
scientific research, development, and evaluation to advance the 
administration of justice and public safety.
    National Center on Restorative Justice.--Within the funds 
available for the NIJ, the Committee provides $3,000,000 for 
NIJ to enter into a partnership with an accredited university 
of higher education and/or law school for the purposes of 
establishing a National Center on Restorative Justice with the 
purpose of educating and training the next generation of 
justice leaders. The Center shall also support research 
focusing on how best to provide direct services to address 
social inequities, such as simultaneous access to substance 
abuse treatment and higher education. The Center shall engage 
and challenge undergraduate, Master's, and law students, in 
conjunction with criminal justice professionals, community 
members, educators, and social service providers, at the State, 
regional, and national level, aiming to broaden their 
understanding of justice systems and restorative approaches 
through a degree program, a summer institute, or short courses, 
while encouraging access to educational opportunities for 
incarcerated individuals.
    National Study of Law Enforcement Responses to Sex 
Trafficking of Minors.--The Committee recognizes a growing 
consensus among policy makers, criminal justice professionals, 
and practitioners that work with exploited children, that 
effective law enforcement responses to child sex trafficking 
need to change. In the past, law enforcement have treated 
minors caught up in sex trafficking as delinquents, failed to 
distinguish them from adults involved in prostitution, or 
overlooked the problem of child exploitation. New approaches 
emphasize targeting the exploiters who sell and buy sex from 
minors and treating exploited minors as victims. While much 
discussion and training has occurred around these issues, it is 
unclear whether law enforcement practice has changed.
    The Committee provides $1,000,000 for NIJ to administer a 
competitive grant to an accredited research university to 
replicate and expand upon a previous national survey of law 
enforcement agencies conducted in 2005, the National Juvenile 
Prostitution Study. Through comparisons with the earlier study, 
it will be able to establish the degree to which law 
enforcement practices have transitioned from a predominately 
delinquent perspective to a more victim-focused approach. 
Additionally, the study will also determine what barriers law 
enforcement agencies have faced as they tried to implement 
practices consistent with the new paradigm.
    National Center on Forensics.--The Committee provides 
$2,000,000 for the NIJ to facilitate a partnership amongst a 
full-service State department of forensic science with a 
medical examiner function; an accredited university of higher 
education with affiliate medical and law schools; and a 
statewide district attorneys association for the purpose of 
providing medico-legal learning opportunities for medical 
students to train as deputy medical examiners/coroners in 
underserved rural areas; provide forensic science and legal 
training to district attorneys, judges, and law enforcement; 
and develop opportunities as appropriate amongst the designated 
partners to benefit current and future practitioners in the 
field.
    Understanding the Effects of Human Trafficking.--Due to the 
complex nature of human trafficking and the lack of available 
research in this field, the Committee directs NIJ to conduct a 
study on the short-term and long-term physical and 
psychological effects of serious harm of human trafficking on 
victims. This study should be completed in accordance with 
Section 20 of Public Law 115-392, including entering into 
relevant agreements with the Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention.
    Impairment Detection Technology.--The Committee remains 
concerned about the lack of reliable, accurate, and 
performance-capable devices and technologies that can be used 
by law enforcement in the field to screen and detect the use of 
certain drugs, including cannabinoids, opiates, cocaine, 
methamphetamine, methadone, and fentanyl. The lack of reliable 
technology for such detection has implications for public 
safety in terms of ensuring that impaired drivers are not 
allowed to remain behind the wheel and to ensure the safety of 
law enforcement coming into contact with dangerous and potent 
drugs, such as fentanyl. The Committee directs NIJ to 
immediately submit the report directed in Senate Report 115-275 
and codified by Public Law 116-6 to the Committee, and 
maintains direction for NIJ to report to the Committee every 6 
months thereafter until such time as technologies are 
identified and deployed to law enforcement in the field.
    Researching School Violence.--The Committee again provides 
$1,000,000 for NIJ to continue to develop a model and best 
practices for comprehensive school safety including identifying 
the root causes of violence in schools using the four prior 
years of research conducted under the Comprehensive School 
Safety Initiative, which funded 100 projects in K-12 schools 
aimed at preventing school violence in fiscal years 2014 
through 2017. NIJ shall provide a report to the Committee 
within one year of enactment of this act on the model and best 
practices for schools.
    The Committee continues to direct NIJ to establish metrics 
to determine the effectiveness in deterring school violence 
through the grants issued by BJA and COPS as part of the STOP 
School Violence Initiative. NIJ was directed to provide their 
methodology on these metrics within 30 days of enactment of 
this act as directed by Senate Report 115-275 and codified in 
Public Law 116-6. The Committee directs immediate submission of 
these metrics and also continues to direct NIJ to publish an 
annual report on their website of the success of these grants.
    Campus Sexual Assault Prevention Research.--The Committee 
directs NIJ to continue Federal research projects at 
institutions of higher education on campus sexual assault 
prevention interventions and advance the dissemination of best 
practices per direction provided in Public Law 115-141.
    Review of Law Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness 
Programs.--The Committee recognizes the psychological and 
emotional impacts law enforcement face in responding to 
stressful and traumatic situations and is disturbed by 
increased reports of suicides by current and former law 
enforcement officers. The Committee directs the Department to 
provide a report within 90 days of enactment of this act 
assessing the availability of existing mental health resources 
for law enforcement agencies and should also include 
recommendations for increased access to, and utilization of, 
mental health counseling and programs focused on law 
enforcement suicide prevention efforts.
    This report shall also review the efficiency and 
effectiveness of peer responder programs for sworn and non-
sworn law enforcement employees, including ``train the 
trainer'' models designed to support employees in the wake of a 
personal or professional crisis. This report should provide a 
review of the effectiveness of partnerships between peer 
responder programs and mental health service providers who 
specialize in clinical psychology services and behavioral 
sciences. The report should include any additional programs or 
resources needed to assist the Department in its efforts to aid 
State and local law enforcement agencies in developing and 
implementing law enforcement suicide prevention programs.

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $1,723,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   1,482,200,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,789,790,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $1,789,790,000 for 
State and local law enforcement assistance. The recommendation 
is $66,790,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$307,590,000 above the budget request.
    The Committee's recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Committee
                       Program                           Recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants.............           545,000
    Officer Robert Wilson III VALOR Initiative.......            12,000
    Smart Policing...................................             7,500
    Smart Prosecution................................             8,000
    NamUs............................................             2,400
    Academic Based Training Program to improve Police-            2,500
     Based Responses to People with Mental Illness...
     John R. Justice Grant Program...................             2,000
    Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution...........            15,500
    Kevin and Avonte's Law...........................             2,000
    Drug Field Testing and Training Initiative.......             2,000
    Project Safe Neighborhoods.......................            20,000
    Presidential Nominating Conventions..............           100,000
    Juvenile Indigent Defense........................             2,000
    Community Based Violence Prevention..............             8,000
    Regional Law Enforcement Technology Initiative...             3,000
    Capital Litigation and Wrongful Conviction Review             5,500
    Collaborative Mental Health and Anti-Recidivism               1,000
     Initiative......................................
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program..............           150,000
Victims of Trafficking Grants........................            85,000
Economic, High-Tech, White Collar, and Cybercrime                14,000
 Prevention..........................................
    Intellectual Property Enforcement Program........             2,500
    Digital Investigation Education Program..........             2,000
Adam Walsh Act Implementation........................            20,000
Patrick Leahy Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant                 27,500
 Program.............................................
    Transfer to NIST/OLES............................             1,500
National Sex Offender Public Website.................             1,000
National Instant Criminal Background Check System                78,290
 (NICS) Initiative...................................
    NICS Act Record Improvement Program..............            25,000
Paul Coverdell Forensic Science......................            30,000
DNA Initiative.......................................           136,000
    Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grants..................           125,000
    Kirk Bloodsworth Post-Conviction DNA Testing                  7,000
     Grants..........................................
    Sexual Assault Forensic Exam Program Grants......             4,000
Sexual Assault Kit Initiative [SAKI].................            48,000
CASA-Special Advocates...............................            12,000
Tribal Assistance....................................            38,000
Second Chance Act/Offender Reentry...................            90,000
    Smart Probation..................................             6,000
    Children of Incarcerated Parents Demo Grants.....             5,000
    Project HOPE Opportunity Probation with                       4,500
     Enforcement.....................................
    Pay for Success..................................             7,500
    Pay for Success (Permanent Supportive Housing                 5,000
     Model)..........................................
Anti-Opioid Initiative...............................           378,000
    Drug Courts......................................            80,000
    Mentally Ill Offender Act........................            33,000
    Residential Substance Abuse Treatment............            31,000
    Veterans Treatment Courts........................            23,000
    Prescription Drug Monitoring.....................            31,000
    Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance              180,000
     Abuse Program...................................
Keep Young Athletes Safe Act.........................             2,500
STOP School Violence Act.............................            67,000
Community Trust Initiative...........................            67,500
    Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program........            17,000
    Body Worn Camera Partnership Program.............            22,500
    Justice Reinvestment Initiative..................            28,000
                                                      ------------------
      TOTAL, State and Local Law Enforcement                  1,789,790
       Assistance....................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program.--
The Committee recommends $545,000,000 for Byrne-JAG. Funding is 
not available for luxury items, real estate, or construction 
projects. The Department should expect State, local, and tribal 
governments to target funding to programs and activities that 
conform with evidence-based strategic plans developed through 
broad stakeholder involvement. The Committee directs the 
Department to make technical assistance available to State, 
local, and tribal governments for the development or update of 
such plans. Funding is authorized for law enforcement programs 
including those that promote data interoperability between 
disparate law enforcement entities; prosecution and court 
programs; prevention and education programs; corrections 
programs; drug treatment and enforcement programs; planning, 
evaluation, and technology improvement programs; and crime 
victim and witness programs, other than compensation.
    Smart Prosecution.--State and local prosecutors are 
involved in more than 90 percent of all criminal prosecutions 
in the United States. Unfortunately, throughout much of the 
country, local prosecutors' offices are struggling to 
effectively adjust to the growing amount of evidence and the 
subsequent intricacies of the investigation and prosecution of 
crimes, particularly cyber, organized, and drug crimes, that 
have come with the digital age. The Committee supports the use 
of technology, intelligence, and data analytics in innovative 
ways that enable prosecutors to focus resources on the people 
and places associated with high concentrations of criminal 
activity. The Committee directs that OJP dedicate up to 
$5,000,000 of the $8,000,000 provided for Smart Prosecution for 
competitive grants focused on new solutions to public safety 
concerns, including the use of technology, intelligence, and 
data analytics to improve the operations of prosecutors' 
offices in an effort to more efficiently and effectively aid 
communities in achieving a reduction in crime.
    Regional Law Enforcement Technology Initiative.--The 
Committee recognizes that the ability of local law enforcement 
to efficiently gather, analyze, and disseminate pertinent 
information is critical to investigating, reporting, and 
responding to crimes and suspicious activity in communities. 
The Committee believes that a technology initiative focused on 
leveraging local and regional law enforcement partnerships and 
enabling a secure method for the sharing of sensitive law 
enforcement information and resources is vital to the long-term 
success of our law enforcement personnel and the safety of our 
citizens. This initiative should be developed by a local 
governmental entity and may be accomplished through a variety 
of models, including a fusion center, task force, or center of 
excellence.
    The Committee believes that among locations in the United 
States, law enforcement operating in the five States comprising 
the Gulf Coast is well situated to serve as a testbed for such 
an initiative and has provided not less than $3,000,000 for the 
development of an initiative, for the purposes of efficiently 
supporting and promoting the exchange of information, 
investigate techniques, and best practices with the ultimate 
goal of reducing crime and improving officer safety in the 
competitively selected community. The Committee expects this 
initiative to serve as an example for how other local 
governmental entities in the region can leverage local and 
regional law enforcement partnerships to facilitate the sharing 
of sensitive law enforcement information and resources to 
promote the safety of their citizens. The Committee further 
directs the Department to ensure that the grantee submit a 
written report on the use of the grant funds, lessons learned, 
and how such an initiative could be utilized by other law 
enforcement agencies nationwide.
    Preventing Violence Against Law Enforcement Officer 
Resilience and Survivability [VALOR] Initiative.--The 
Committee's recommendation provides $12,000,000 within Byrne-
JAG for the VALOR Initiative. The Committee expects Federal law 
enforcement agencies to continue and expand on efforts to 
provide local police with information as to whether or not a 
suspect has a violent history, to the extent that transfer of 
such information is allowable and available via Federal law 
enforcement databases, in an effort to prevent officer deaths. 
The Committee notes that an additional $10,000,000 is provided 
under the COPS heading for Protecting Our Lives by Initiating 
COPS Expansion Act (Public Law 114-199) programs which help to 
provide active shooter training programs for State and local 
law enforcement officers.
    Kevin and Avonte's Law.--The Committee provides funding of 
$2,000,000 for competitive grants awarded to non-profit and 
State and local entities to prevent wandering and locate 
missing individuals with forms of dementia, such as Alzheimer's 
Disease, or developmental disabilities, such as autism, as 
described in the underlying authorization of division Q of 
Public Law 115-141.
    Drug Field Testing and Training Initiative.--The Committee 
recognizes that crime and forensics labs across the country are 
overwhelmed, and understands the ripple effect on the justice 
system when forensic testing is delayed. While some forensic 
analysis must be conducted in a laboratory environment, the 
Committee believes that there are other methods, like rapid 
drug testing, that can be performed in the field. Therefore, 
within the funds provided, $2,000,000 shall be spent on a pilot 
program to establish a training model led by an accredited 
institution of higher learning that can be used nationwide 
regarding rapid identification technology and methods which can 
be used when drugs are discovered in the field. This 
institution shall provide training to local law enforcement 
officers both on the methods of conducting rapid field testing 
to identify drugs encountered in the field as well as proper 
evidence collection techniques and storage measures, with the 
ultimate goal of reducing court backlogs for drug related 
offenses.
    Prison Rape Elimination Act Audit Quality Initiative.--
Facility audits are a key component in helping agencies move 
their sexual abuse prevention and response policies from 
written documents to everyday practices. BJA has outlined a 
meaningful Quality Improvement Initiative, and the Committee 
supports the Department using the necessary resources to carry 
out this work.
    Drug-Detection Canines.--The Committee is concerned about 
the rise in drug trafficking, including that of 
methamphetamines, within the U.S. and along our borders and 
recognizes the need for additional drug-detection canines for 
local and State law enforcement. The Committee reminds the 
Department that this is a covered purpose area under Byrne-JAG 
grants and directs the Department to, where possible, further 
clarify within existing programs, including the AFF's Equitable 
Sharing Program, that canines are a permissible use of Federal 
dollars.
    Fentanyl Detection.--The Committee is aware of far too many 
incidents of first responders experiencing accidental overdoses 
after coming into contact with fentanyl or fentanyl analogues 
and understands the role played by fentanyl detection equipment 
and training on identifying fentanyl, particularly for police 
officers and other first responders, to keep officers safe by 
minimizing exposure. As such, the Committee encourages the 
Department to support the use of grant funds like Byrne-JAG for 
the purchase of fentanyl detection equipment and training as 
well as naloxone distribution for law enforcement safety.
    Academic-Based Training Center to improve Police-Based 
Responses to People with Mental Illness.--The Committee 
understands that law enforcement officers are often the first 
responders to calls regarding individuals with mental illnesses 
and often encounter mentally ill individuals while completing 
their routine patrol duties. The Committee recognizes the need 
for support and training so that law enforcement officers and 
other first responders are better equipped to handle such 
encounters and help provide appropriate treatment as well as 
reduce the number of individuals entering the legal system.
    The Committee recommends $2,500,000 for a grant program 
implementing academic-based, transdisciplinary crisis 
intervention training to educate, train, and prepare officers 
so that they are equipped to appropriately interact with 
mentally ill individuals in the course of completing their job 
responsibilities. This training should be developed by an 
institution of higher education, in conjunction with health 
care professionals to provide crisis intervention training 
which shall focus on understanding mental and behavioral 
health, developing empathy, navigating community resources, de-
escalation skills and practical application training for all 
first responders. The Committee expects this grant program to 
serve as a pilot program, establishing best practices for law 
enforcement agencies.
    Collaborative Mental Health and Anti-Recidivism 
Initiative.--The Committee recognizes that prison populations 
across the country have been severely impacted by the increased 
incarceration of individuals suffering from mental illness. The 
Committee understands that these individuals are often 
associated with high recidivism rates, because their access to 
mental healthcare upon release can be inadequate or non-
existent. For many States, a shortage of mental health 
resources has a direct correlation to the overcrowding of 
prison systems. For this reason, the Committee provides 
$1,000,000 for a pilot program that partners with the 
appropriate State office or entity, such as the Department of 
Mental Health or Department of Corrections, to establish a 
collaborative anti-recidivism effort focused on the therapeutic 
educational, vocational, evidence-based cognitive-behavioral, 
and mental health needs of inmates upon intake or arrest 
through their probationary or parole period that will provide a 
continuum of programming focused on recidivism reduction as 
well as the mental health and wellness, and, if needed, long-
term assistance with mental health needs.
    Gunfire Detection Technology.--Gunfire detection and 
location technology has been helpful in assisting law 
enforcement to rapidly respond to gun crime and analyze 
physical evidence found at the scene. The Committee encourages 
the Department to work with State and local governments to 
assist in the further deployment of such technologies, and to 
collect and analyze data from such systems in order to better 
address gun related crimes.
    National Instant Criminal Background Check System 
Initiative Grants.--The Committee funds the program at 
$78,290,000, which is $3,000,000 above both the enacted level 
and the budget request, to continue to improve the submission 
of State criminal and mental health records to NICS. This 
investment will strengthen the national background check system 
by assisting States in finding ways to make more records 
available in the NICS system, especially mental health records, 
thereby addressing gaps in Federal and State records currently 
available in NICS. Those gaps significantly hinder the ability 
of NICS to quickly confirm whether a prospective purchaser is 
prohibited from acquiring a firearm. The Committee expects OJP 
to track whether grant recipients are submitting data in a 
timely manner into the NICS system.
    Project Safe Neighborhoods [PSN].--The Committee's 
recommendation includes $20,000,000 for PSN. The Committee 
encourages OJP to use PSN funds to support evidence-based and 
data-driven focused intervention, deterrence, and prevention 
initiatives that aim to reduce violence. These initiatives 
should be trauma-informed, recognizing that people who are at 
risk of committing violence often themselves have been victims 
of violent trauma or have witnessed traumatic experiences in 
the past.
    Group Violence Intervention [GVI].--The Committee 
recognizes that GVI is a strategy the Department should 
consider in its efforts to reduce violent crime. The Committee 
encourages the Department, in conjunction with the Project Safe 
Neighborhood program, to fund GVI initiatives in cities where 
GVI programs have proven to reduce gun violence.
    Presidential Nominating Convention Security Funding.--The 
Committee provides $100,000,000 for costs related to state and 
local law enforcement activities incurred as part of their 
efforts in assisting to secure the 2020 presidential nominating 
conventions. The Committee expects the Department to develop 
clear guidelines regarding allowable expenses and communicate 
these regulations as well as best practices from prior 
disbursements of convention security grants to the impacted 
jurisdictions as soon as possible. All payments and 
reimbursements shall be reviewed and approved by the Department 
prior to expenditure, as well as audited by the OIG, to ensure 
efficiency and accountability.
    Grants to Combat Human Trafficking.--The Committee's 
recommendation provides $85,000,000 for services and task force 
activities for U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and foreign 
nationals who are victims of trafficking, as authorized by 
Public Law 106-386 and amended by Public Law 113-4, of which no 
less than $22,000,000 is for the Enhanced Collaborative Model 
to Combat Human Trafficking Task Force Program. The Committee 
urges that human trafficking task forces funded under this 
grant program take affirmative measures to emphasize the 
investigation and prosecution of persons who patronize or 
solicit children for sex as a human trafficking demand 
reduction strategy. OJP shall consult with stakeholder groups 
in determining the overall allocation of Victims of Trafficking 
funding and shall provide a plan to the Committee for the use 
of these funds as part of the Department's fiscal year 2020 
spending plan.
    The Committee notes that funding provided in this program 
may be used for victims of sex and labor trafficking who are 
minors, as authorized under VAWA 2013. Child trafficking 
victims require specialized care, and these resources can be 
used for items like residential care, emergency social 
services, mental health counseling, and legal services. This 
funding level also includes $10,000,000 for the Minor Victims 
of Trafficking Grant program, of which $8,000,000 is for victim 
services grants for sex-trafficked minors, as authorized by 
Public Law 113-4, with the remaining $2,000,000 for victim 
services grants for labor-trafficked minors. The Committee 
encourages OJP to give an affirmative preference to applicants 
for grants that treat minors engaged in commercial sex acts as 
victims of a severe form of trafficking in persons, and 
discourages the charging of such individuals for prostitution 
or a sex trafficking offense. The Committee encourages DOJ to 
work in close coordination with the Department of Health and 
Human Services to encourage collaboration and reduce 
duplication of effort.
    Capital Litigation Improvement and Wrongful Conviction 
Review.--The Committee recognizes the need for legal 
representation and investigation services for individuals with 
post-conviction claims of innocence. Individuals exonerated in 
2018 spent an average of almost 11 years incarcerated for their 
convictions, for a record total of 1,639 years lost and 57 
percent of 2018 exonerations--a record 86 of the total 151 
exonerations were a result of the work of innocence 
organizations.
    Given the urgent need to identify and remediate wrongful 
convictions, the Committee directs that at least 50 percent of 
the $5,500,000 appropriated to the Capital Litigation 
Improvement and Wrongful Conviction Review grant programs shall 
be used to support Wrongful Conviction Review grantees 
providing high quality and efficient post-conviction 
representation for defendants in post-conviction claims of 
innocence. Wrongful Conviction Review grantees shall be 
nonprofit organizations, institutions of higher education, and/
or State or local public defender offices that have in-house 
post-conviction representation programs that show demonstrable 
experience and competence in litigating post-conviction claims 
of innocence. To avoid any possible conflicts of interest, the 
Committee directs that the Department shall not require 
grantees to participate in partnerships between a State or 
local prosecutor's office and an organization or entity 
dedicated to ensuring just convictions and/or acquittals. Grant 
funds shall support grantee provision of post-conviction legal 
representation of innocence claims; case review, evaluation, 
and management; experts; potentially exonerative forensic 
testing; and investigation services related to supporting these 
post-conviction innocence claims.
    Community-Based Violence Prevention [CBVP].--The Committee 
provides $8,000,000 for CBVP and directs that these funds 
support evidence-based and data-driven intervention, 
prevention, and deterrence focused initiatives that aim to 
reduce violence. These initiatives should be focused on areas 
that are disproportionately impacted by violent crime including 
areas experiencing high rates of illegal firearms arrests and 
homicides.
    Patrick Leahy Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant Program.--
Within the $27,500,000 provided for bulletproof vests, 
$1,500,000 is to be transferred directly to the NIST Office of 
Law Enforcement Standards to continue supporting ballistic- and 
stab-resistant material compliance testing programs. The 
Committee expects the BJA to continue strengthening internal 
controls to manage the Patrick Leahy Bulletproof Vest 
Partnership Grant Program. Improving grantee accountability in 
the timely use of Federal funds to purchase body armor will 
help every police officer who needs a vest to get one, thus 
saving officers' lives.
    Body-Worn Camera Partnership Program.--The Committee's 
recommendation includes $22,500,000 for a competitive matching 
grant program to equip State, local, and tribal law enforcement 
officers with body-worn cameras. The Committee recommends that 
jurisdictions (1) develop camera policies and procedures with 
community input; (2) commit to a set of narrow and well-defined 
purposes for which cameras and their footage may be used; (3) 
specify clear operational policies for recording, retention, 
and access; (4) require training for both the proper use of 
body-worn cameras and for the handling and use of the obtained 
video and audio recordings; (5) ensure that prior to use of 
body-worn cameras, privacy and data retention policies are 
already in place; and (6) as appropriate, make footage 
available to promote accountability with necessary privacy 
safeguards.
    Second Chance Act Grants and Drug Treatment.--The 
recommendation provides $90,000,000 for Second Chance Act [SCA] 
grants. The Committee expects that SCA funding will support 
grants that foster the implementation of strategies that have 
been proven to reduce recidivism and ensure safe and successful 
reentry back to their communities of adults released from 
prisons and jails. The SCA supports activities such as 
employment assistance, substance abuse treatment including MAT 
options, housing, local transportation, mentoring, family 
programming, and victim support. SCA grants will also support 
demonstration projects designed to test the impact of new 
strategies and frameworks.
    The Committee continues to support the Office of Management 
and Budget's scoring mechanism for SCA grant funding as it 
relates to opioid abuse and the heroin epidemic. In addition, 
when awarding SCA grants, the Committee directs the OJP to 
consider the impact of reentry of prisoners on communities in 
which a disproportionate number of individuals reside upon 
release from incarceration. The OJP shall assess the reentry 
burdens borne by local communities and local law enforcement 
agencies; review the resources available in such communities to 
support successful reentry and the extent to which those 
resources are used effectively; and make recommendations to 
strengthen the resources in such communities which are 
available to support successful reentry and to lessen the 
burden placed on such communities by the need to support 
reentry.
    Project HOPE Institute.--The Committee recognizes the 
success of Project HOPE. The Committee provides $4,500,000 for 
Project HOPE, of which not less than $500,000 shall be directed 
to establishing a Project HOPE Institute to provide training, 
technical assistance, and best practices for jurisdictions 
replicating the HOPE model.
    DNA Backlog and Crime Lab Improvements.--The Committee is 
once again extremely disappointed that the Department's budget 
request slashes funding by $25,000,000 for critical grant 
programs to help State and local agencies address their 
backlogs and test forensic evidence. The Committee continues 
its strong support for DNA backlog and crime lab improvements 
by recommending $136,000,000 to strengthen and improve Federal 
and State DNA collection and analysis systems that can be used 
to accelerate the prosecution of the guilty while 
simultaneously protecting the innocent from wrongful 
prosecution. Within funds provided, $125,000,000 is for Debbie 
Smith DNA Backlog Reduction grants, $7,000,000 is for Kirk 
Bloodsworth Post-Conviction DNA Testing grants, and $4,000,000 
is for Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners grants.
    The Committee expects that the OJP will make funding for 
DNA analysis and capacity enhancement a priority in order to 
meet the purposes of the Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grant 
Program. The Committee directs the Department to submit to the 
Committee as part of its spending plan for State and Local Law 
Enforcement Activities a plan with respect to funds 
appropriated for DNA-related and forensic programs, including 
the alignment of appropriated funds with the authorized 
purposes of the Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grant Program.
    Enforcing the Debbie Smith Act.--Section 3 of The Justice 
for All Reauthorization Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-324) 
codified that not less than 75 percent of amounts made 
available ``for a DNA Analysis and capacity enhancement program 
and for other local, State, and Federal forensic activities'' 
shall be provided for grants for activities described under 
paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of Section (2)(a) of the DNA 
Analysis and Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 
14135(a)). This 75 percent requirement had previously been 
codified by Congress and the President as part of the Sexual 
Assault Forensic Evidence Reporting Act of 2013, which was 
enacted as Title X of the Violence Against Women 
Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4). Though this 
provision has been a part of the U.S. Code for several years, 
the Department has failed to adhere to the law. Specifically, 
in their solicitations for both fiscal year 2018 and fiscal 
year 2019, the Department allocated only $70,000,000 (58 
percent) of the funds to the DNA Capacity Enhancement and 
Backlog Reduction Program. With the enactment of Section 3 of 
the Justice for All Reauthorization Act of 2016, Congress has 
made its intent clear. The Committee therefore instructs the 
Attorney General to ensure that not less than 75 percent of the 
funds provided under this provision are provided to States and 
units of local government through grants to address the DNA 
crime scene evidence backlog.
    Additionally, the Justice Served Act of 2018 (Public Law 
115-257) was enacted on October 9, 2018, and requires that not 
more than 7 percent and not less than 5 percent of the funds 
allocated for the Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grant Program be 
used for ``grants for prosecutors to increase the capacity of 
State and local prosecution offices to address cold cases 
involving violent crime, where suspects have been identified 
through DNA evidence.'' The Committee directs the Department to 
implement the Justice Served Act of 2018 in accordance with the 
clear intent of Congress and ensure that not more than 7 
percent and no less than 5 percent of the funds provided under 
the Debbie Smith program are allocated for the purpose of 
increasing the capacity of state and local prosecutors to 
address cold cases.
    Sexual Assault Kit Initiative [SAKI].--The Committee's 
recommendation includes $48,000,000 to continue a competitive 
grant program started in fiscal year 2015 as part of the 
initiative to reduce the backlog of rape kits at law 
enforcement agencies. The NIJ shall provide competitively 
awarded grants with a comprehensive community-based approach to 
addressing the resolution of cases in the backlog. The 
Committee directs the NIJ to provide a report not later than 90 
days after enactment of this act on its progress in developing 
a strategy and model to serve as best practices for discovering 
and testing kits, training law enforcement, and supporting 
victims throughout the process as required by Public Law 113-
235.
    Sexual Assault Forensic Evidence Reporting Act [SAFER].--
The SAFER Act was included as Title X of the Violence Against 
Women Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4) and was reauthorized by 
the SAFER Act of 2017 (Public Law 115-107). The Act authorized 
the Attorney General to make grants for the purpose of helping 
State and local law enforcement agencies conduct audits of the 
rape kit backlog. In 2016, the Department fully implemented the 
SAFER Act by providing grants for such a purpose under the 
Sexual Assault Forensic Evidence-Inventory, Tracking, and 
Reporting Program. The Committee directs the continuation of 
this important program to deliver justice for victims of sexual 
assault.
    Paul Coverdell Forensic Science.--The recommendation 
provides a total of $30,000,000, of which $17,000,000 is to 
specifically target the challenges the opioid and synthetic 
drug epidemic has brought to the forensics community as 
described in Senate Report 115-275 and codified in Public Law 
116-6.
    Economic, High-Tech, White Collar, and Cybercrime 
Prevention.--The Committee recommends $14,000,000 to assist 
State and local law enforcement agencies in the prevention, 
investigation, and prosecution of economic, high-tech, and 
Internet crimes. Given the importance of protecting our 
Nation's new technologies, ideas, and products, the Committee 
includes the request of $2,500,000 for competitive grants that 
help State and local law enforcement tackle intellectual 
property [IP] thefts, such as counterfeiting and piracy.
    Additionally, the Committee recognizes the need to expand 
opportunities for computer and digital forensics education at 
both the undergraduate and graduate levels in order to prepare 
for these challenges. To meet this need, $2,000,000 shall be 
dedicated for a separate competitive grant program to expand a 
partnership with an institution for higher learning for the 
purposes of furthering educational opportunities for students 
training in computer forensics and digital investigation.
    Keeping Young Athletes Safe Act.--The Committee again 
provides funding of $2,500,000 for a competitive grant program 
to safeguard young athletes against abuse, including emotional, 
physical, and sexual abuse, in sports. The Committee directs 
that funding be prioritized for curriculum development and 
training for abuse prevention education in youth athletic 
programs and for investigation and resolution of sexual abuse 
claims. OJP is directed to submit a report no later than 90 
days after enactment of this act describing how grant funding 
was used by the grantees by purpose area for the prior fiscal 
year, the number of trainings provided, the number of claims 
investigated, and the number of investigations referred to law 
enforcement for prosecution.
    Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act [CARA] Programs.--
The Committee provides a total of $378,000,000 for CARA 
programs, including $80,000,000 for drug courts; $23,000,000 
for veterans treatment courts; $31,000,000 for Residential 
Substance Abuse Treatment including access to any of the three 
MAT options; $31,000,000 for prescription drug monitoring; 
$33,000,000 for the Mentally Ill Offender Act; and $180,000,000 
for the Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Abuse 
Program [COSSAP].
    The Committee directs that funding for COSSAP programs be 
focused on prevention and education efforts, effective 
responses to those affected by substance abuse, and services 
for treatment and recovery from addiction. Of the $180,000,000 
for COSSAP, no less than $10,000,000 shall be made available 
for additional replication sites employing the Law Enforcement 
Assisted Diversion [LEAD] model, with applicants demonstrating 
a plan for sustainability of LEAD-model diversion programs; no 
less than $5,000,000 shall be made available for education and 
prevention programs to connect law enforcement agencies with K-
12 students; and no less than $10,000,000 shall be made 
available for embedding social services with law enforcement in 
order to rapidly respond to drug overdoses where children are 
impacted.
    The Committee supports specialized residential substance 
abuse treatment programs for inmates with co-occurring mental 
health and substance abuse disorders or challenges. Given the 
strong nexus between substance abuse and mental illness in our 
prisons and jails, the Committee encourages the Attorney 
General to ensure that funds provided for residential substance 
abuse treatment for State prisoners are being used to treat 
underlying mental health disorders in addition to substance 
abuse disorders.
    The Committee recognizes the importance of drug courts and 
the vital role that they serve in reducing crime among people 
with a substance use or mental health disorder. In recent 
years, drug courts have been on the front lines of the opioid 
epidemic and have become important resources for law 
enforcement and other community stakeholders affected by opioid 
addiction. The Committee encourages Federal agencies to 
continue to work with State and local governments and 
communities to support drug courts.
    The Committee supports the ability of drug courts to 
address offenders with co-occurring substance abuse and mental 
health problems, and supports court ordered assisted outpatient 
treatment programs for individuals struggling with mental 
illness. Within the funding provided for drug courts, the 
Committee encourages OJP to give attention to States and 
localities that have the highest concentrations of opioid-
related cases, and to prioritize assistance to underserved 
areas whose criminal defendants currently have relatively 
little opportunity to access drug courts. The Committee 
encourages OJP to coordinate, as appropriate, with other 
Federal agencies like the Department of Health and Human 
Services, as it implements these activities in order to avoid 
duplication.
    The Committee supports the work of mental health courts 
across the country. The Committee is concerned, however, by the 
high rates of re-incarceration among individuals with serious 
mental illness due to the inadequate access to care for or 
management of their illness and encourages the Department to 
include appropriate long-acting medications as an allowable 
expense to improve treatment adherence and reduce risk for 
relapse and re-incarceration. Additionally, the Committee urges 
the Department to provide funding in accordance with Section 
14002 of the 21st Century CURES Act of 2016 for court-ordered 
assisted outpatient treatment as authorized in law.
    Finally, the Committee recognizes that the 21st Century 
CURES Act authorized the funding of Forensic Assertive 
Community Treatment [FACT] Initiatives as part of the adult and 
juvenile collaboration program grants. The Committee encourages 
OJP to make funding available for FACT Initiatives within these 
programs.

                       JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $287,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     238,500,000
Committee recommendation................................     315,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $315,000,000 for 
juvenile justice programs. The recommendation is $28,000,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $76,500,000 above 
the budget request.
    The Committee strongly supports a comprehensive approach of 
substantial funding for a robust portfolio of programs that 
work to improve the lives of the youth in our communities. 
Title II State Formula and Title V juvenile delinquency 
prevention grants are the backbone of programs assisting State 
and local agencies to prevent juvenile delinquency and ensure 
that youth who are in contact with the juvenile justice system 
are treated fairly. Combined with other critical programs like 
youth mentoring, the Committee believes that a balanced level 
of programming is the way to best help at-risk and vulnerable 
youth and their families.
    The Committee encourages OJJDP to review its suite of grant 
programs in order to offer services and programs for children 
and youth who have experienced complex trauma.
    The Committee's recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

                        JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Committee
                       Program                           Recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Part B--State Formula Grants.........................            63,000
    Emergency Planning-Juvenile Detention Facilities.               500
Youth Mentoring Grants...............................            97,000
Title V--Delinquency Prevention Incentive Grants.....            40,000
    Tribal Youth.....................................             5,000
    Children of Incarcerated Parents Web Portal......               500
    Girls in Justice System..........................             2,000
    Opioid Affected Youth Initiative.................            10,000
    Children Exposed to Violence.....................             8,000
Victims of Child Abuse Programs......................            27,000
Missing & Exploited Children Programs................            85,000
Training for Judicial Personnel......................             3,000
                                                      ------------------
      TOTAL, Juvenile Justice........................           315,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Any deviation from the above plan is subject to the 
reprogramming requirements of section 505 of this act.
    Part B: State Formula Grants.--The Committee provides 
$63,000,000 for grants to implement comprehensive State 
juvenile justice plans, including community-based prevention 
and intervention programs and activities for juvenile 
offenders. This amount is $3,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $5,000,000 above the budget request.
    Within the amount provided, the Committee recommends 
$500,000 for competitive demonstration grants for State, local, 
and tribal juvenile justice detention facilities and systems to 
meet the needs of children and adolescents housed in detention 
facilities in preparation for, during, and after a disaster, as 
detailed in the 2011 emergency planning guidance issued by 
OJJDP.
    The Committee directs the OJP to submit as part of its 
spending plan for State and Local Law Enforcement Activities a 
plan for the administration of Part B State Formula Grants. The 
Committee expects this plan to include details pertaining to 
the formulas utilized in awarding grants under this heading.
    The Committee urges DOJ to encourage Title II grant 
recipients to coordinate with their State education agencies to 
support continuity of education opportunities for adjudicated 
youth and encourages the Department to continue its efforts to 
institute reforms to ensure States' compliance with the Title 
II core requirements. The Department shall report to the 
Committee on these efforts 60 days after enactment of this act.
    Implementation of the Juvenile Justice Reform Act of 
2018.--The Committee believes that effective implementation of 
the Juvenile Justice Reform Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-385) 
requires timely and comprehensive guidance to states by the 
Department and OJJDP. The Committee directs DOJ and OJJDP to 
support full, timely implementation of the law as intended. 
Further, the Committee urges DOJ and OJJDP to encourage all 
fifty states and six U.S. territories to fully participate in 
the Act and its goals of improving outcomes for public safety 
and youth. Appropriations to DOJ and OJJDP are provided within 
OJJDP to ensure that States have the training and support to 
continue as fully participating members in the Act.
    Juvenile Diversion Programs.--The Committee encourages the 
Department to support evidence based diversion programs that 
focus on non-violent juvenile offenders and incorporate the 
peer-to-peer model and involve local law enforcement, 
institutions of higher education, and local health partners to 
provide a holistic approach to decrease recidivism.
    Arts Programs and Therapies for At-Risk and Justice-
Involved Youth.--The Committee supports the use and 
implementation of arts-based programs and therapies at various 
points in the juvenile justice system as a way to work 
collaboratively across sectors to achieve system improvements 
and positive outcomes for youth. As a result, OJJDP is directed 
to review opportunities to include arts-based methods for 
prevention, diversion, and residential grant programs.
    Youth Mentoring Grants.--To support the critical work of 
national, regional, and local organizations in nurturing and 
mentoring at-risk children and youth, the Committee recommends 
$97,000,000 for competitive, peer-reviewed youth mentoring 
grants, of which $10,000,000 is for helping youth impacted by 
opioids. Within 45 days of enactment of this act, the OJP is 
directed to provide a report and spend plan to the Committee 
detailing the criteria and methodology that will be used to 
award these grants, as well as an explanation of any deviations 
from the criteria and Committee directions used in fiscal year 
2019. The Committee expects that the OJJDP will take all steps 
necessary to ensure fairness and objectivity in the award of 
these and future competitive grants. The Committee expects OJP 
to maintain OJJDP's expanded eligibility for local mentoring 
programs, particularly in rural areas, unaffiliated with 
national mentoring organizations. The Committee also expects 
OJP and OJJDP to collaborate with mentoring stakeholders to 
expand youth mentoring services in rural areas inordinately 
affected by substance abuse, particularly heroin and opioids, 
and that are considered at-risk.
    Helping Youth Impacted by Opioids.--The recommendation 
provides $27,000,000 in OJJDP grant funding to support States, 
local communities, and tribal jurisdictions in their efforts to 
develop and implement effective programs for children, youth, 
and at-risk juveniles and their families who have been impacted 
by the opioid crisis and drug addiction. Within this amount, 
$10,000,000 is provided to continue the Opioid Affected Youth 
Initiative within Title V: Delinquency Prevention grants, 
$16,000,000 is provided for youth mentoring grants, and 
$1,000,000 is provided for Training for Judicial Personnel, 
which shall be dedicated for specialized training for juvenile 
and family court judges on handling families impacted by 
opioids including additional pressures on youth in foster care.
    Preventing Trafficking of Girls and Involvement in the 
Juvenile Justice System.--Girls in the United States with a 
history of sexual and physical abuse, school failure, substance 
dependency, and involvement in the welfare system, and who live 
in impoverished communities or are homeless, are at an 
increased risk of becoming victims of domestic human 
trafficking. The Committee provides $2,000,000 for the ``Girls 
in the Justice System'' grant program, which will enable 
organizations, including nonprofit entities, with a successful 
track record of administering prevention and early intervention 
programs for girls vulnerable to trafficking and who are most 
likely to end up in the juvenile justice system, at a local or 
State-level, to replicate these programs at a national level. 
Funding for this program will further support prevention and 
early intervention strategies and curricula throughout the 
country, and place vulnerable girls on a path toward success, 
stability, and long-term contribution to society.
    Children Exposed to Violence.--The Committee notes that 
nearly two-thirds of children in the United States have been 
exposed to violence, which can impact development, health, and 
educational outcomes, and perpetuate the cycle of violence and 
substance abuse. The Committee provides $8,000,000 for grants 
to help children exposed to violence, through supportive 
services for the children and their families, training and 
awareness to communities, and technical assistance with 
demonstrated expertise increasing awareness about and building 
the capacity of families and communities to help children 
exposed to violence.
    Victims of Child Abuse Act.--The Committee's recommendation 
provides $27,000,000 for the various programs authorized under 
the Victims of Child Abuse Act (Public Law 101-647) and directs 
OJJDP to ensure that not less than 90 percent of the grants 
awarded are for the purposes of developing and maintaining 
child advocacy centers [CAC], including training and 
accreditation. The Committee further directs OJJDP to ensure 
the funds intended to support local CACs are used efficiently 
with the highest percentage possible of Federal funding 
expended for local CAC organizational capacity, which is 
essential for the effective support of implementing the 
multidisciplinary response to child abuse investigation, 
prosecution, and intervention services. Within the funds 
provided, $5,000,000 shall be for Regional Children's Advocacy 
Centers [RCACs] Programs. The RCACs were established to provide 
information, consultation, training, and technical assistance 
to communities, and to help establish child-focused programs 
that facilitate and support coordination among agencies 
responding to child abuse.
    The Committee continues to support efforts by CACs to use 
their unique model and expertise to help military installations 
address cases of child abuse, and again provides $1,000,000 
from within the funds provided to continue to support a pilot 
project to identify, develop, and operationalize best 
practices. As this effort has been funded since fiscal year 
2017, the Committee directs OJJDP to report on the status of 
this pilot including the locations of CACs and military 
installations working together, the number of children served 
through these partnerships, and lessons learned from this pilot 
program.
    Missing and Exploited Children Programs.--The Committee 
recommends $85,000,000 for OJJDP's Missing and Exploited 
Children Programs in order to support law enforcement agencies 
and other national organizations that report and investigate 
missing children cases and also investigate those who exploit 
children both with and without an online nexus. The Committee 
directs OJP to provide a spending plan for the use of these 
funds as part of the Department's spending plan for fiscal year 
2020, which shall include investments in authorized national 
programs that serve as a resource center and clearinghouse on 
missing and exploited children, task force grants, and 
administrative costs for the Internet Crimes Against Children 
[ICAC] program.
    Within funds provided, the Committee directs that the full 
authorized amount of $40,000,000 be provided for the purposes 
of the Missing Children's Assistance Act of 2018 (Public Law 
115-267), up to $32,200,000 of which shall be used to carry out 
section 34 USC 11293(b)
    Within the funds provided, $4,400,000 is provided for the 
AMBER Alert program, of which no less than $3,400,000 is for 
the operation and activities of the existing AMBER Alert 
program. The Committee also recognizes the diverse and unique 
challenges identified in the report to Congress directed by the 
Ashlynne Mike AMBER Alert in Indian Country Act (Public Law 
115-166) for the integration of State AMBER Alert 
communications plans and tribal systems. Of the funds provided 
for AMBER Alert activities, $1,000,000 shall be directed to 
addressing State/tribal integration consistent with the 
findings of the report, Public Law 115-166, and a long-term 
budget and plan by the Department for implementation across all 
States with affected tribal communities.
    Sadly, but thankfully, the public has become more aware of 
child sexual exploitation and abuse online, and has 
increasingly reported these instances of abuse. This has led to 
more reporting to the CyberTipline, which is operated by the 
National Center for Missing Children [NCMEC]. These tips are 
filtered and then exported to law enforcement agencies, 
including ICAC Task Forces. Due to the sheer volume of tips, 
however, there has not been a mechanism to spot duplicative 
tips or prevent the flow of false information, in turn creating 
more work for law enforcement agencies.
    The Committee understands the increased need to analyze 
these tips, but believes this problem is not faced by ICACs 
alone and is aware of the need for proper deconfliction between 
ICAC task forces and Federal law enforcement, including law 
enforcement components within the Department. To remedy these 
problems in a holistic manner, the Committee directs that no 
less than $1,000,000 of the funds provided be used towards 
continued development of IT solutions to address both 
duplicative tips and law enforcement deconfliction to ensure 
that only high-quality information is being provided to law 
enforcement agencies, including ICACs. This IT solution should 
be developed with input from all partners in the fight against 
online child exploitation including NCMEC, ICACs, the FBI and 
the USMS.
    In 2018, the CyberTipline received 18,462,424 reports, 
NCMEC's national toll-free call center received 166,620 calls 
and 424,066 cases of missing children reported in 2018 per the 
FBI. All partners in the fight against child exploitation have 
important and unique roles, but must work together in the 
common goal of finding missing children, preventing child 
exploitation, and catching and prosecuting those who prey on 
children.
    ICAC Training.--The Committee recognizes the work of ICAC 
task forces to combat the sexual exploitation of children. 
Within the ICAC portion of the Missing and Exploited Children 
program, the Committee directs the Department to prioritize 
expanded training on and use of the ICAC Child Online 
Protective Services program across Federal, state, and local 
law enforcement agencies, including military investigators.
    National Endangered Missing Advisory Communications.--The 
Committee recognizes that the AMBER Alert system has succeeded 
beyond all expectations, and is credited with directly aiding 
the safe recovery of approximately 75 children every year. 
Because immediate public notification is critical in missing 
child cases and not all cases meet the specific criteria 
established under the AMBER Alert system, the Committee 
encourages the Department to explore the establishment of a 
national endangered missing advisory communications network 
that would enable immediate public notification for missing 
child cases who may be in danger of death or serious bodily 
injury regardless of evidence of abduction. The Department is 
requested to report to the Committee within 90 days of 
enactment the best way to include these nationwide endangered 
public notifications into existing infrastructure or if a new 
system is needed, estimated costs for this type of system, and 
what other Federal, State and local partners are required to 
successfully operate such a system.

                    PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICERS BENEFITS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $128,800,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     141,800,000
Committee recommendation................................     141,800,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $141,800,000 for 
public safety officers benefits. The recommendation is 
$13,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and equal 
to the budget estimate. This program provides a one-time death 
benefit payment to eligible survivors of Federal, State, and 
local public safety officers whose death was the direct and 
proximate result of a traumatic injury sustained in the line of 
duty or certain eligible heart attacks or strokes. Within funds 
provided, $117,000,000 is for death benefits for survivors, an 
amount estimated by the Congressional Budget Office and 
considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes.
    The Committee also recommends $24,800,000, as requested, 
for disability benefits for injured officers and education 
benefits for the families of officers who have been permanently 
disabled or killed in the line of duty.

                  Community Oriented Policing Services


             COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $303,500,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................................
Committee recommendation................................     335,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $335,000,000 for 
community oriented policing services. The recommendation is 
$31,500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$335,000,000 above the budget request.
    The Committee's recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

                  COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Committee
                       Program                           Recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
COPS Hiring Grants...................................           245,000
    Tribal Resources Grant Program...................            27,000
    Tribal Access Program............................             3,000
    Community Policing Development/Training and                   6,500
     Technical Assistance............................
    Regional Information Sharing Activities..........            38,000
    Law Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness Act...             5,000
POLICE Act...........................................            10,000
Anti-Methamphetamine Task Forces.....................            12,000
Anti-Heroin Task Forces..............................            35,000
STOP School Violence Act.............................            33,000
                                                      ------------------
      TOTAL, Community Oriented Policing Services....           335,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Any deviations from the above plan are subject to the 
reprogramming requirements of section 505.
    COPS Hiring Program.--The Committee recommends $245,000,000 
for COPS Hiring grants to help State, local, or tribal law 
enforcement agencies to create and preserve police officer 
positions and to increase community policing capacity and crime 
prevention efforts. Grants will have an award cap of $125,000 
and require grantees to provide a 25 percent local match. The 
Committee encourages the COPS Office to focus on efforts to 
train and increase the capacity of law enforcement agencies, 
executives and managers serving rural communities to enhance 
the use of community policing practices and innovations in 
policing to expand the effectiveness of limited resources.
    Regional Information Sharing Activities.--The Committee 
recommends $38,000,000, an increase of $28,000,000 above the 
budget request and $1,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level, to support activities that enable the sharing of 
nationwide criminal intelligence and other resources with 
State, local, and other law enforcement agencies and 
organizations. Such activities should address critical and 
chronic criminal threats, including gangs, terrorism, 
narcotics, weapons, and officer safety or ``event 
deconfliction,'' and should reflect regional as well as 
national threat priorities. In addition, funds shall be 
available to support local-to-local law enforcement data and 
information sharing efforts focused on solving routine crimes 
by sharing law enforcement information not categorized as 
criminal intelligence. All activities shall be consistent with 
national information-sharing standards and requirements as 
determined by the BJA.
    Anti-Methamphetamine Task Forces.--The Committee's 
recommendation provides $12,000,000 for the COPS Office to make 
competitive grants to law enforcement agencies in States with 
high seizures of precursor chemicals, finished methamphetamine, 
laboratories, and laboratory dump seizures. These funds shall 
be utilized for investigative purposes to locate or investigate 
illicit activities such as precursor diversion, laboratories, 
or methamphetamine traffickers.
    Anti-Heroin Task Forces.--The Committee reiterates concerns 
over the dramatic rise of heroin abuse, deaths, and related 
crime in the United States. The need for additional resources 
and training to address these challenges is apparent, and the 
Committee created the anti-heroin program within the COPS 
Office in fiscal year 2015, continually providing funding in 
succeeding fiscal years. Despite the plea for additional 
resources from law enforcement as well as the interest of the 
Committee, the Department again proposes to eliminate this 
program as part of the fiscal year 2020 budget request. 
Instead, the Committee provides $35,000,000 for the COPS Office 
to make competitive grants to law enforcement agencies in 
States with high per capita levels of primary treatment 
admissions for both heroin and other opioids. These funds shall 
be utilized for drug enforcement, including investigations and 
activities related to the distribution of heroin or unlawful 
diversion and distribution of prescription opioids. Priority 
shall be given to those drug task forces, managed and operated 
by the State, serving a majority of counties in the State.
    Law Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness Grants.--The 
Committee strongly supports efforts to protect the mental 
health and well-being of law enforcement officers. 
Unfortunately the stress of officers' work and stigma 
associated with seeking assistance for emotional and mental 
health issues has led to an increase in suicides for officers 
across the country. To address this concern, no less than 
$3,000,000 of the funding provided for the Law Enforcement 
Mental Health and Wellness Act (Public Law 115-113) shall be 
distributed as a competitive grant program for State and local 
law enforcement agencies to provide better training on officer 
emotional and mental health, implement suicide prevention 
programming, and help officers seek assistance in receiving 
support services.
    Veterans Preference in COPS Hiring Grants.--The Committee 
directs the Department to submit a report outlining the number 
and cost of veterans hired in accordance with Public Law 115-37 
in fiscal years 2018 and 2019 and estimated for fiscal year 
2020. Additionally, the Committee directs the Department to 
continue to follow the authorization provided by Public Law 
115-37 regarding the hiring of law enforcement positions in the 
COPS Hiring grant process.
    School Resource Officers.--The Committee directs that the 
COPS Office continue to implement requirements and procedures 
regarding written memorandum of understanding and training 
requirements, including clear definitions of officers' roles 
and responsibilities on campus, for any COPS Hiring Grant funds 
used to hire school-based law enforcement officers.
    Rural Law Enforcement Training.--The Committee recognizes 
the rural nature and great distances between major metropolitan 
areas, and understands the complications and stress this can 
place on State and local law enforcement in their training. The 
Committee is aware that some rural communities have limited 
financial and technological resources to train their law 
enforcement officers, often extending beyond the availability 
of equipment, and that funding constraints can make it 
impracticable to send officers to attend quality training as 
travel costs alone can take a toll on a small agency's budget. 
Many of these police departments have a small number of 
officers on duty and simply cannot have an officer out for 
training.
    The Committee believes distance learning technologies are 
part of the solution, but recognizes that not all law 
enforcement training lends itself to an online format, 
especially scenario-based realistic training. Within the funds 
provided for Community Policing Development, the Committee 
directs that $1,500,000 be used to establish a partnership with 
a central training academy affiliated with a major research 
university with statewide training responsibility, including 
rural areas, to develop and implement training practices and 
training modules that can be used to alleviate the cost and 
travel burden on rural law enforcement agencies. These models 
should include distance based learning technologies, but should 
also consider methods for providing in person training at a 
lower cost to rural law enforcement agencies.
    Policing Practices and Accountability Initiative.--The 
Committee supports the COPS Office's efforts to integrate the 
Task Force on 21st Century Policing recommendations and urges 
the Policing Practices and Accountability Initiative to 
continue its work across Department of Justice programs and 
agencies to provide support and best practices for law 
enforcement agencies working to address issues of public trust.

               General Provisions--Department of Justice


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions:
    Section 201 limits the amount of funding the Attorney 
General can use for official reception and representation.
    Section 202 prohibits the use of funds in this title to pay 
for an abortion except where the life of the mother would be in 
danger, or in the case of rape or incest.
    Section 203 prohibits the use of funds in this title to 
require a person to perform or facilitate an abortion.
    Section 204 requires female prisoners to be escorted when 
off prison grounds.
    Section 205 allows the Department of Justice, subject to 
the Committee's reprogramming procedures, to transfer up to 5 
percent between appropriations, but limits to 10 percent the 
amount that can be transferred into any one appropriation.
    Section 206 limits the placement of maximum or high 
security prisoners to appropriately secure facilities.
    Section 207 restricts Federal prisoner access to certain 
amenities.
    Section 208 requires review by the Deputy Attorney General 
and the Department's Investigative Review Board prior to the 
obligation or expenditure of funds for major technology 
projects.
    Section 209 requires the Department to follow reprogramming 
procedures prior to any deviation from the program amounts 
specified in this title or the reuse of specified deobligated 
funds provided in previous years.
    Section 210 prohibits the use of funds for OMB Circular A-
76 competitions for work performed by employees of the Bureau 
of Prisons or of the Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated.
    Section 211 prohibits U.S. Attorneys from simultaneously 
holding multiple jobs outside of the scope of a U.S. Attorney's 
professional duties.
    Section 212 permits up to 2 percent of grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to the Office of 
Justice Programs to be used for training and technical 
assistance, and permits up to 2 percent of grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to that office to be 
transferred to the National Institute of Justice or the Bureau 
of Justice Statistics for criminal justice research and 
statistics.
    Section 213 gives the Attorney General the authority to 
waive matching requirements for Second Chance Act adult and 
juvenile reentry demonstration projects; State, tribal and 
local reentry courts; and drug treatment programs. If a waiver 
is granted, the Attorney General shall document any factors and 
material presented by a grantee upon determining that a fiscal 
hardship exists prior to making an award.
    Section 214 waives the requirement that the Attorney 
General reserve certain funds from amounts provided for 
offender incarceration.
    Section 215 prohibits funds, other than funds for the 
national instant criminal background check system established 
under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, from being 
used to facilitate the transfer of an operable firearm to a 
known or suspected agent of a drug cartel where law enforcement 
personnel do not continuously monitor or control such firearm.
    Section 216 places limitations on the obligation of funds 
from certain Department of Justice accounts and funding 
sources.
    Section 217 permits the Department of Justice to 
participate in Performance Partnership Pilot collaboration 
programs.
    Section 218 requires the Department to submit notifications 
to the Committee as required under Section 505 for transfers 
from the Debt Collection Management of Three Percent Fund.

                               TITLE III

                                SCIENCE

                Office of Science and Technology Policy

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $5,544,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       5,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       5,544,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $5,544,000 for the 
Office of Science and Technology Policy [OSTP]. The 
recommendation is the same as the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level and $544,000 above the budget request.
    OSTP was created by the National Science and Technology 
Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (Public Law 
94-282) and coordinates science and technology policy for the 
White House. OSTP provides scientific and technological 
information, analyses, and advice for the President and the 
executive branch; participates in the formulation, 
coordination, and implementation of national and international 
policies and programs that involve science and technology; 
maintains and promotes the health and vitality of U.S. science 
and technology infrastructure; reviews and analyzes, with the 
Office of Management and Budget, the research and development 
budgets for all Federal agencies; and coordinates research and 
development efforts of the Federal Government to maximize the 
return on the public's investment in science and technology and 
to ensure Federal resources are used efficiently and 
appropriately.
    Scientific Review.--The Committee maintains a firm belief 
that long-standing investments in basic research have resulted 
in transformational discoveries and dramatic improvements in 
the economy, healthcare, infrastructure, communications, 
national security, and many other sectors. Much of this success 
can be attributed to the process of peer review for the 
allocation of research funding and publication, and on 
community prioritization, such as through decadal surveys, 
which provide clear priorities for Federal investment and 
valuable oversight benchmarks. The Committee directs OSTP to 
ensure Federal science agencies continue to rely on peer review 
and prioritization efforts from the scientific community.
    Open Access to Federal Research.--OSTP is directed to 
continue providing annual reports to the Committee in order to 
keep Congress apprised of the remaining progress needed to make 
federally funded research accessible to the public as 
expeditiously as possible.
    Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics 
Education.--The Committee continues to support effective and 
mission-oriented STEM education programs at NASA, NOAA, NSF, 
and NIST within this bill, and encourages OSTP to work with 
non-Federal education and outreach communities.
    Emerging Contaminants.--The Committee reiterates its 
concern for the risks associated with exposure to contaminants 
of emerging concern, including per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
substances [PFAS]. OSTP submitted the ``Plan for Addressing 
Critical Research Gaps Related to Emerging Contaminants in 
Drinking Water'' in October 2018, which included a cross-agency 
Federal research strategy for addressing critical research gaps 
related to detecting, assessing exposure to, and identifying 
the adverse health effects of emerging contaminants in drinking 
water. Within 90 days of the enactment of this act, OSTP shall 
update that report, including identifying any necessary 
program, policy, or budgetary resources required, by agency, to 
support the implementation of the Federal research strategy for 
fiscal years 2019, 2020, and 2021.
    Research Integrity.--The Committee directs OSTP to convene 
U.S. Government representatives including science funding 
agencies, USPTO, the FBI, and other relevant agencies to 
provide to the Committee, within 180 days of enactment of this 
act, an assessment that offers a clear set of statements 
outlining current risks and threats to research integrity from 
foreign influence. As part of this assessment, representatives 
will examine, develop, and clearly describe the specific 
aspects of foreign talent recruitment program contracts and 
other intellectual property risks that are of concern. OSTP 
shall also incorporate the work of the Joint Committee on the 
Research Environment as part of this assessment. The Committee 
directs OSTP to use this assessment to understand and define 
the scope and scale of these issues and findings, to develop 
guidance for government agencies, universities, and the broader 
research community on indicators of risks to research integrity 
from foreign influence. OSTP shall report on the extent of 
these issues and findings across government agencies, 
universities, and the broader research community, and provide 
suggested risk mitigation actions that can be implemented by 
universities and the U.S. Government within their existing 
missions.
    Research on the Great Lakes Resources.--The Committee notes 
that the Great Lakes resources represent a unique, linked, and 
economically-critical freshwater ecosystem that faces 
significant environmental challenges, including invasive 
species, runoff, and HABs, and believes its long-term health 
depends on the quality of scientific knowledge and technical 
and policy solutions gained by research operations. The 
Committee remains concerned that the vessels of the Great Lakes 
ecosystem Federal research fleet and regional academic 
institutions' fleets are nearing the end of their useful 
service lives and are inadequate for the demands of their 
interdisciplinary research mission, and awaits submission of 
the assessment requested in Senate Report 115-275 and codified 
in Public Law 116-6.
    American Leadership in Semiconductor Technology.--
Preserving American leadership in semiconductor technology is 
important for American innovation, scientific discovery, and 
national security, as well as the advancement of critical 
technologies. The Committee encourages OSTP, in coordination 
with NSF, NIST, and other Federal research agencies and 
relevant industries, to assess the utilization of 
semiconductor-specific and semiconductor-related fields in both 
basic and applied research. The Committee requests a briefing 
from OSTP within 180 days after enactment of this act on their 
findings.

                         National Space Council

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $1,965,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       1,870,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,965,000

    The Committee provides $1,965,000 for the National Space 
Council. The recommendation is equal to the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $95,000 above the request.
    The National Space Council was established by title V of 
Public Law 100-685 and after ceasing operation in 1993, was 
reestablished by Executive Order 13803. The National Space 
Council provides advice and assistance to the President on 
national space policy and strategy. The Council reviews U.S. 
Government space policy, including long-range goals; develops 
strategies for national space activities; and develops 
recommendations for the President on space policy and space-
related issues. The National Space Council's additional roles 
are to monitor and coordinate implementation of the Nation's 
objectives in space by executive departments and agencies; 
foster close coordination, cooperation, and technology and 
information exchange among the civil, national security, and 
commercial space sectors; and facilitate resolution of 
differences concerning major space and space-related policy 
issues.

             National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Appropriations, 2019.................................... $21,500,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................  22,615,700,000
Committee recommendation................................  22,750,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $22,750,000,000 for 
the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The 
recommendation is $1,250,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $134,300,000 above the budget request.
    NASA was established by the National Aeronautics and Space 
Act of 1958 (Public Law 85-568) to conduct space and 
aeronautical research and development and to conduct flight 
activities for peaceful purposes. NASA's unique mission of 
exploration, discovery, and innovation is intended to preserve 
the United States' role as both a leader in world aviation and 
as the pre-eminent space-faring nation. It is NASA's mission 
to: advance human and robotic exploration, use, and development 
of space; advance and communicate scientific knowledge and 
understanding of the Earth, the Moon, the solar system, and the 
universe; and research, develop, verify, and transfer advanced 
aeronautics and space technologies.
    For Science, the Committee's recommendation strives to keep 
NASA's near-term launches on track to continue progress in 
exploring our solar system and the universe, understanding the 
sun, and observing our planet. The Committee expects NASA to 
continue making progress on the recommendations of the National 
Academies' decadal surveys, now and in the future.
    This bill continues investments in human spaceflight that 
will enable travel to the Moon with NASA developed crew and 
launch vehicles; enables the burgeoning domestic launch 
industry that is bringing cargo, and eventually crew, to the 
International Space Station; and supports NASA's science and 
technology programs. These elements should be viewed as 
complementary pieces of a balanced whole.
    NASA is directed to continue providing the Committee with a 
quarterly launch schedule, by mission, that describes risks 
associated with launch delays due to problems with the launch 
vehicle, impacts of launch delays to other missions in the 
launch queue, and a budget estimate of the anticipated carrying 
costs for missed launch windows.
    The Committee expects NASA to maintain focus on improving 
oversight and accountability throughout the agency. NASA's 
acquisition management continues to be on the GAO ``high risk'' 
list. GAO's most recent assessment of NASA's large-scale 
projects found the agency's cost and schedule performance on 
major projects has deteriorated since last year with 9 of 17 
projects in development experiencing cost or schedule growth. 
NASA is directed to cooperate fully and to provide timely 
program analysis, evaluation data, and relevant information to 
GAO so that GAO can report to Congress shortly after the annual 
budget submission and semiannually thereafter on the status of 
large-scale NASA programs, projects, and activities.
    In addition, NASA is directed to provide the Committee, 
with its budget justification, the reserves assumed by NASA to 
be necessary within the amount proposed for each directorate, 
theme, program, project, and activity, or, if the proposed 
funding level for a directorate, theme, program, project, or 
activity is based on confidence level budgeting, the confidence 
level and reserves assumed in the proposed funding level.
    The Committee understands that NASA projects undergo major 
reviews in addition to regular oversight throughout the year. 
When one of these reviews results in changing the cost profile 
of a project in the current or budget request year, the 
Committee expects to be informed in a timely fashion so that 
its actions can reflect the most recent NASA analysis and 
expectation. Keeping the Committee up to date should reduce 
NASA's propensity to submit spending plans that disregard 
Congressional direction.
    The Federal funding priorities for NASA set forth in this 
bill and report should not be interpreted as suggestions from 
the Committee. Rather they should be interpreted like any other 
statutory requirement levied upon NASA. The Committee objects 
to NASA's efforts in recent fiscal years to redirect funding 
away from priorities clearly set by the Congress in law. NASA's 
continued use of section 505 of this bill in this manner will 
result in limited funding flexibility in the future.
    The Committee is supportive of NASA's STEM engagement 
efforts that provide hands-on learning experiences for middle, 
high school, and college students, including space launch 
activities, and therefore rejects the proposed cancellation of 
education programs. These types of programs allow students to 
experience the full range of STEM-related skills involved in 
designing, testing, and launching vehicles and designing 
payloads to deepen their interest in science and engineering 
fields.
    The Committee has chosen to articulate the funding levels 
of programs, where appropriate, in the form of tables and, if 
necessary, supplemented with explanatory report language.

                                SCIENCE

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $6,905,700,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   6,393,700,000
Committee recommendation................................   6,905,700,000

    The Committee provides $6,905,700,000 for Science, which is 
equal to the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $512,000,000 
above the budget request. The Science account encompasses: 
Earth Science, Planetary Science, Astrophysics, the James Webb 
Space Telescope, Heliophysics, and Education. This funding 
supports NASA programs that seek to answer fundamental 
questions concerning the ways in which Earth is changing; the 
comparison of Earth with other planets in the solar system and 
around other stars; the connections between the Sun and Earth; 
and the origin and evolution of planetary systems, the galaxy, 
and the universe, including the origin and distribution of life 
in the universe. These objectives are assisted by input from 
the scientific community through decadal surveys and are 
achieved through robotic flight missions, ground-based 
scientific research and data analysis, and the development of 
new technologies for future missions. NASA shall continue its 
progress toward implementing the recommendations of decadal 
surveys in Earth Science, Heliophysics, Planetary Science, and 
Astrophysics.

                                 SCIENCE
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Earth Science.........................................        1,945,000
Planetary Science.....................................        2,631,100
Astrophysics..........................................        1,171,600
James Webb Space Telescope............................          423,000
Heliophysics..........................................          735,000
                                                       -----------------
      Total, Science..................................        6,905,700
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Earth Science.--Within the amount for Earth Science, the 
Committee recommendation includes $108,900,000 for Landsat 9 to 
maintain a 2021 launch profile; $161,000,000 for the Plankton, 
Aerosol, Cloud ocean Ecosystem [PACE] mission to maintain a 
2022 launch date; $18,000,000 for CLARREO Pathfinder to 
continue progress on a Tier-1 decadal survey recommendation; 
$10,000,000 for the Carbon Monitoring System; $205,200,000 for 
Earth Venture to support missions under development while 
maintaining the cadence of future missions; and $1,900,000 for 
NASA instruments on the Deep Space Climate Observatory. Within 
30 days of enactment of this act, NASA shall report on the 5-
year budget profile needed for PACE and CLARREO Pathfinder to 
achieve their planned launch dates and continue originally 
planned operations.
    The recommendation fully supports, at no less than the 
request level, NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar, Small 
Satellite Constellation Initiative, and Geostationary Carbon 
Cycle Observatory [GeoCARB]. GeoCARB is due to launch in the 
summer of 2022 and will demonstrate the feasibility of using a 
commercial communications satellite to host a scientific NASA 
payload and could serve as a model for meeting future Earth 
Science research needs in a cost effective manner. The 
Committee is also supportive of efforts for the development of 
aircraft instrumentation and arrays that can conduct remote 
sensing for scientific and operational research, and directs 
the agency to continue partnering with non-Federal researchers 
to test new technologies for analyzing snow, ice, and soil 
moisture. The Committee remains supportive of collaborative 
research that works to advance our understanding of the 
behavior of the Earth engaging academia, particularly students, 
in its studies and investigations, as these partnerships ensure 
that NASA's data expertise remains up-to-date and increases the 
research capacities at universities.
    Earth Science Decadal.--The Committee supports the 
recommendations of the National Academy of Sciences' Earth 
Science and Applications from Space Decadal Survey report and 
directs NASA to implement its findings to the extent 
practicable. As articulated by the report, NASA should plan to 
competitively select future missions that address high-priority 
target observables in the designated and explorer categories. 
The Committee is pleased to see NASA's announcement of the 
Earth Venture Continuity competition and believes an increase 
in competed, Principal Investigator-led missions will encourage 
responsible cost and schedule constraints, develop novel remote 
sensing technologies, and leverage the talents and expertise of 
scientists at universities and research institutions.
    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.--The Committee strongly supports 
NASA's efforts to develop and refine UAV platforms and 
encourages NASA to improve collaboration and cooperation with 
other science agencies of the Federal Government to share and 
expand limited UAV availability, including working with NOAA, 
to allow expanded utilization and supplement data collection in 
support of hurricane forecast modeling.
    Planetary Science.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$160,000,000 for planetary defense of which not less than 
$72,400,000 should be for the Double Asteroid Redirect Test 
[DART] and not less than $78,000,000 shall be for Near Earth 
Object Observations. It also includes full funding for the 
Discovery and New Frontiers programs at $502,700,000 and 
$190,400,000, respectively. The Committee expects NASA to 
continue the selection and launch cadence of New Frontiers and 
Discovery class missions in spite of any cost pressures from 
planetary flagship missions or the Mars program. In addition, 
the Committee expects NASA to submit a report with the 2021 
budget request to frame how the request fulfills the Planetary 
Community's Decadal Survey.
    The recommendation includes the request level for 
Radioisotope Power Systems. The recommendation also includes up 
to $300,000,000, as requested, for Lunar Discovery and 
Exploration, including $22,000,000 to continue the Lunar 
Reconnaissance Orbiter and up to $80,000,000 for Commercial 
Lunar Payload Services. The Committee supports NASA's 
commitment to utilizing public-private partnerships to advance 
its lunar science and exploration agenda and encourages the 
agency to leverage the resources and expertise of both private 
industry and universities in pursuit of these goals. The 
Committee directs that the Lunar Discovery and Exploration 
program adhere to the lunar science priorities established by 
decadal surveys and the National Research Council's Scientific 
Context for the Exploration of the Moon. Activities funded 
within the program should meet both lunar science and human 
exploration needs. The funds provided for lunar exploration are 
intended to support a mix of procurement of lunar payload 
delivery services; science instrument development; small 
satellite development; and long-duration lunar rover 
development. Given the origin of the program and the 
Committee's desire to foster a healthy domestic industrial base 
within the context of a growing market for goods and services 
in space, the Committee expects NASA to provide funding under 
this program only for lunar landers and rovers majority-
designed, developed, and built in the United States. 
Additionally, this level of funding supports a regular cadence 
of at least one robotic mission to the lunar surface per year.
    DART.--The Committee directs NASA to continue the 
development of the DART technology demonstration mission, with 
a target launch not later than 2022. The program provides a 
cost-effective way to understand how we protect the planet from 
asteroid threats. The Committee understands that ground based 
telescopes and radars will be used to provide the needed 
measurements to assess the degree of deflection resulting from 
the DART impactor and that this telescope support is already 
baselined in the NASA mission. The Committee reminds NASA of 
its mandate to detect 90 percent of objects greater than 140 
meters that threaten Earth by 2020. The Committee directs NASA 
to develop a plan for funding the Planetary Defense Office for 
DART and subsequent activities, which will support successive 
space-based survey missions and technology demonstrations that 
will rapidly advance the Nation's planetary defense 
capabilities.
    Green Bank Observatory.--The Committee recognizes the 
significant investment NSF has made to develop the world-class 
scientific facility at the Green Bank Telescope Observatory 
[GBO] and the benefit other agencies, including NASA, have 
gained through their use of the GBO facility. The Committee has 
therefore encouraged the development and support of multi-
agency management plans for GBO, including the exploration of 
partnerships when feasible to maximize research capabilities at 
the facility.
    Green Bank retains unique capabilities that can augment 
missions across NASA that leverage the taxpayer investment in 
the Observatory such as Near Earth Object characterization and 
support for NASA's fleet of robotic and human missions.
    In an effort to foster such partnerships, within 180 days 
after enactment of this act, NASA shall, in consultation with 
the NSF and the Department of Defense, conduct a comprehensive 
cost and technical evaluation of constructing a radio frequency 
transmit capability at the Observatory. The evaluation shall 
consider options including the development of a state-of-the-
art system and acquiring commercially available capability.
    Mars Exploration.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$570,000,000 for the Mars Exploration Program to ensure the 
launch of the Mars 2020 mission and to further development of a 
Mars Sample Return mission to be launched in 2026. Given that 
sample return was the highest priority of the previous 
planetary science decadal survey, NASA shall provide the 
Committee with a year-by-year funding profile for a planned 
2026 Mars sample return launch. In addition, the Committee 
endorses the mid-term decadal survey recommendation for NASA to 
develop a comprehensive Mars program architecture, strategic 
plan, and management structure that maximizes synergy among 
existing and future domestic and international missions and 
science optimization at the architectural level. The Committee 
reiterates its previous direction that if the Mars helicopter 
demonstration would delay the overall Mars 2020 mission, it 
should not be included in the Mars 2020 program.
    Astrophysics.--The Committee recommendation includes no 
less than $98,300,000 for the Hubble Space Telescope, no less 
than $10,000,000 for search for life technology development to 
leverage and scale technologies developed for the James Webb 
Space Telescope, and $445,700,000 for the Wide-Field InfraRed 
Survey Telescope [WFIRST] to fully fund the project established 
at Key Decision Point-B. The Committee has again rejected the 
proposal to cut Hubble operations given costs that the program 
has absorbed to continue three fellowship programs, address 
hardware degradation through software changes, and enhance the 
long-term value of Hubble's data archive.
    WFIRST.--The Committee rejects the proposal to cancel this 
mission which was the highest priority of the most recent 
Astrophysics decadal survey to settle fundamental questions 
about the nature of dark energy and has provided $445,700,000 
for WFIRST to be developed on a timeline that allows a 2025 
launch date. The Committee reiterates the expectation that NASA 
will use a firm $3,200,000,000 cost cap in its future execution 
of the mission. To reduce mission costs and ensure that overlap 
with the James Webb Space Telescope is maximized, NASA should 
implement the most efficient development program for the 
telescope and its instruments. The Committee notes that NASA's 
higher cost profile for WFIRST includes a 30 percent reserve 
for a telescope that is already built. WFIRST's use of existing 
hardware and proven technologies should enable a lower risk 
mission and shorter cycle time from development to launch.
    Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy [SOFIA].--
NASA regularly reviews its missions, as part of the senior 
review process, to measure mission performance based on 
scientific merit, national needs, the technical status of the 
mission, and budget efficiency to help resources prioritize and 
ensure they are meeting their science goals. NASA shall review 
SOFIA at the appropriate time to determine if this mission 
should have its prime mission extended.
    Science Mission Directorate [SMD] Education.--The Committee 
provides no less than $45,600,000 for education. The Committee 
supports the recommendation that the Astrophysics program 
continue to administer this SMD-wide education funding. The 
Committee encourages SMD-funded investigators to be directly 
involved in outreach and education efforts and support citizen 
science. NASA should continue to prioritize funding for on-
going education efforts linked directly to its science 
missions.
    Astrophysics Research.--The Committee recognizes the role 
of the Astrophysics Research program in supporting the 
development of novel astrophysics observation technologies that 
lay the foundation of future mission architectures. 
Additionally, a strong research program maximizes the 
scientific value of space-based missions by ensuring that the 
data collected through such observations can continue to 
provide new insights into the mechanisms behind cosmological 
phenomena. The Committee also understands that supporting these 
activities through extramural grant funding contributes to the 
long-term viability of the U.S. astrophysics community. As 
such, the Committee recommends $250,700,000 for Astrophysics 
Research.
    James Webb Space Telescope.--The Committee maintains its 
strong support for the completion of the James Webb Space 
Telescope [JWST], and provides $423,000,000 for JWST. In June 
2018, NASA presented the results of a second independent 
analysis of JWST cost and schedule. Following the 
recommendations of NASA and the independent team, Congress 
provided $304,600,000 for JWST in fiscal year 2019 and raised 
the development cost cap by $802,700,000 to accommodate the 
cost overrun and schedule slip. JWST will be nearly 100 times 
more powerful than Hubble and cement continued American 
leadership in astronomy. That is why the Committee was 
befuddled by NASA's fiscal year 2020 request for JWST of 
$352,600,000 rather than the $423,000,000 that was anticipated 
in the June 2018 updated cost estimate. The Committee has 
provided the full amount of $423,000,000 for JWST and has again 
included a cost cap for JWST in title V of the bill. The 
Committee expects to be briefed expeditiously and kept fully 
informed on issues relating to program and risk management, 
achievement of cost and schedule goals, and the program's 
technical status, including any impacts to other projects to 
accommodate JWST costs. Unfortunately, this expectation, while 
included in prior acts, has not been met by the agency.
    Heliophysics.--The Committee recognizes that a greater 
understanding of our Sun and the accompanying technologies 
developed for that purpose will help to mitigate the hazards 
that solar activity poses to ground- and space-based platforms 
that strengthen our national security, economic 
competitiveness, and scientific prowess. The recommendation 
provides $735,000,000 for Heliophysics, including $183,200,000 
for Solar Terrestrial Probes, an increase of $5,300,000 above 
the request to support continued mission formulation and 
development of Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe 
[IMAP], implement accompanying Missions of Opportunity [MOs], 
and maintain operations for ongoing missions, including the 
Magnetospheric Multiscale [MMS] mission. The Committee directs 
NASA to provide not less than the fiscal year 2019 level for 
operations and scientific analysis for MMS and supports the 
request level for Research Range.
    Heliophysics Explorer.--The Committee is encouraged by 
NASA's commitment to implement a 2-year cadence of alternating 
Small Explorer and Mid-sized Explorer missions, and enable a 
regular selection of MOs to allow heliophysics researchers to 
rapidly respond to and participate in missions both inside and 
outside of NASA. This commitment follows the recommendations of 
the National Research Council Decadal Survey and can accelerate 
scientific understanding while developing the scientific 
workforce through increased research opportunities for students 
and faculty. The recommendation provides the request level of 
$182,000,000 for Heliophysics Explorers.
    Diversify, Realize, Integrate, Venture, Educate [DRIVE] 
Initiative.--The Committee supports implementation of the DRIVE 
initiative, a top priority of the National Research Council 
Decadal Survey, and encourages NASA to implement the goal of 
increasing the competitive research program to 25 percent of 
the Heliophysics budget request to enable the development of 
new technologies, establish competitively-awarded DRIVE Science 
Centers, support multidisciplinary research collaboration, and 
support early career investigators. The Committee recognizes 
the increasingly multidisciplinary nature of Heliophysics and 
seeks to provide researchers with the necessary tools to enable 
continued scientific progress in this field.
    Heliophysics Technology Program.--The Committee recognizes 
the critical role that technology development programs play in 
enabling novel and transformative capabilities and mission 
concepts, and notes the contributions of these programs in 
other Divisions within SMD. The Committee directs the 
administration to formally include such a program as a 
standalone account line in future budget proposals to Congress.
    Space Weather Science Applications.--In response to the 
Space Weather Action Plan and the recommendations of the 
Decadal Survey, the Committee recommendation provides no less 
than $20,000,000 for space weather science applications to 
support innovation in observational capabilities and advance 
research-to-operations, operations-to-research, and 
computational aspects of space weather mitigation. NASA should 
coordinate with NOAA, NSF, and the Department of Defense to 
ensure that NASA is focused on research and technology that 
enables other agencies to dramatically improve their 
operational space weather assets and the forecasts they 
generate using data from those assets, including current and 
future ground-based telescopes and instruments that are 
expected to come on line, such as the Daniel K. Inouye Solar 
Telescope. In addition, the Committee recognizes the diversity 
of activities within Living With a Star [LWS] that contribute 
to our understanding of the societal impact of the Sun-Earth 
system and encourages the Administrator to ensure that future 
budget proposals support missions that are currently operating 
and enable the formulation and development of future missions, 
including the next LWS mission.

                              AERONAUTICS

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $725,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     666,900,000
Committee recommendation................................     783,900,000

    The Committee provides $783,900,000 for Aeronautics, which 
is $58,900,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$117,000,000 above the budget request. The Aeronautics account 
funds research in key areas related to the development of 
advanced aircraft technologies and systems, including those 
related to aircraft safety, ultra-efficient vehicles and fuel 
efficiency, hypersonics, and research that supports the Next 
Generation Air Transportation System in partnership with the 
Joint Planning and Development Office.
    The Committee supports New Aviation Horizons and is 
encouraged by NASA's efforts toward developing a Low Boom 
Flight Demonstrator X-plane, referred to as the Low Boom Flight 
Demonstrator [LBFD]. Within the funds provided for Aeronautics, 
appropriate funds are included to enable the next X-plane 
demonstration planned beyond LBFD.
    University Leadership Initiative.--The Committee recognizes 
that universities are uniquely suited to contributing 
revolutionary advances in aeronautical technologies. This is 
especially relevant to areas where multidisciplinary convergent 
research is needed to address complex technical challenges in 
early stage technology development. The Committee commends NASA 
for establishing the University Leadership Initiative to 
leverage university-led research in accordance with the 
Strategic Implementation Plan.
    Electric Air Flight.--NASA is encouraged to strengthen 
collaborations with the Department of Energy to overcome energy 
storage challenges for novel modes of mobility like electric 
air flight.
    Advanced Materials Research.--The Committee recognizes the 
continuing role NASA and university research institutions play 
in developing advanced materials platforms for next-generation 
air and space vehicles. NASA is encouraged to partner with 
academic institutions that have strong capabilities in 
aviation, aerospace structures, and materials testing and 
evaluation, and provides $7,000,000 above the request to 
advance university-led aeronautics materials research.
    Unmanned Traffic Management.--The Committee commends NASA 
for leveraging its capabilities in assisting the Nation's UAS 
test sites to advance efforts on the unmanned traffic 
management [UTM] program. NASA is encouraged to work with 
Federal agencies, States, counties, cities, and tribal 
jurisdictions on research toward the development of a UTM 
system that will ensure the broadest level of acceptance from 
local jurisdictions.
    The Committee is interested in NASA research and 
development efforts designed to further new innovations in 
propulsion, simplified vehicle operations, increased 
automation, and the integration of these operations into 
controlled airspace. The Committee believes these technologies 
can address critical mobility challenges.
    The Committee further expects NASA to work with industry 
stakeholders and coordinate with the Federal Aviation 
Administration to expedite technology introduction and maximize 
improvements in safety, affordability, and environmental 
benefits like noise and emissions reduction. As part of this 
effort, NASA is encouraged to leverage other directorates' 
research efforts, test sites, and industry partnerships where 
applicable.
    Unmanned Aerial Systems Research.--NASA conducts research 
to reduce technical barriers associated with integrating UAS 
into the National Airspace System. This research remains a 
national priority with the potential to increase public safety 
and bring economic benefits to a wide range of industries.
    Advanced Composite Project.--The Committee understands NASA 
has concluded the Advanced Composites Project [ACP] that 
enabled public-private partnerships for collaborative research 
in aeronautic composites toward the goal of reducing the 
development and certification timeline for composite aircraft. 
NASA intends to take the results of the ACP to drive research 
activities across the Aeronautics portfolio. While NASA 
advances their integrated Materials, Structures, and 
Manufacturing strategy to follow on the work of the ACP, the 
agency should keep in mind the work of the Advanced Composites 
Consortium to reduce the development and certification timeline 
for composite aircraft. In order to maintain the capabilities 
developed through public-private partnerships within the ACP, 
no less than the fiscal year 2019 funding level is provided for 
maintaining existing capabilities and intellectual property 
structures of this vital aeronautics science and technology 
research program as an element of our national aeronautics 
research strategy. NASA shall submit to the Committee, no later 
than 120 days after enactment of this act, a report detailing 
the utilization of public-private partnership activities 
developed as part of the ACP, the benefits of the program, and 
how NASA intends to strategically structure follow-on research 
activities across the directorate, while continuing to engage 
industry and academia.
    Aerosciences Evaluation and Test Capabilities [AETC].--The 
Committee recommendation provides for all funding for AETC 
activities to be consolidated within the Aeronautics account. 
Aeronautics is the single largest user of these facilities and 
activities. This consolidation of AETC within a single account 
is intended to provide sufficient funds for operations and 
maintenance so that the capabilities are available for use 
across NASA without the need to transfer funds among disparate 
mission accounts.

                            SPACE TECHNOLOGY

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $926,900,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   1,146,300,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,076,400,000


    The Committee provides $1,076,400,000 for Space Technology, 
which is $149,500,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level 
and $69,900,000 below the budget request. The Space Technology 
mission directorate funds basic research that can advance 
multi-purpose technologies to enable new approaches to NASA's 
current missions. These technologies can serve all NASA mission 
directorates and are not solely focused on enabling human 
spaceflight. Funding for the human research program remains in 
Exploration Research and Technology and is not transferred to 
Space Technology, as requested. Space Technology also includes 
funding for NASA's Small Business Innovative Research [SBIR] 
and Small Business Technology Transfer programs.
    The Committee is supportive of many of the technologies 
being developed within Space Technology, which will have wide 
ranging benefits for NASA missions and throughout the agency. 
Of particular note are the enabling technologies of Solar 
Electric Propulsion; the laser communications relay 
demonstration; in-space manufacturing and assembly; and 
composite tanks and structural materials. These key supporting 
technologies will provide enabling capabilities for multiple 
robotic and human exploration missions. The Committee is also 
supportive of the Regional Economic Development Program and 
encourages NASA to consider expanding the program to all 50 
States.
    The recommendation includes $35,000,000 for additive 
manufacturing, $20,000,000 for the Flight Opportunities 
Program, and $5,000,000 to advance large scale production and 
use of innovative nanomaterials, including carbon nanotubes.
    Satellite Servicing/RESTORE-L.--The Committee recommends 
$180,000,000 for the Restore-L Project only to conduct and 
demonstrate the capabilities to refuel satellites in low-Earth 
orbit utilizing Landsat-7. The project shall target a launch 
before Landsat-7's fuel supply runs out in late calendar year 
2021. As the program progresses from research to 
implementation, the Committee encourages NASA to work with 
private sector and university partners to facilitate 
commercialization of the technologies developed within the 
program and directs NASA to submit with its fiscal year 2021 
budget request a report on current efforts underway to 
encourage commercialization of technology within the Restore-L 
program, with a focus on how intellectual property will be 
handled. The Committee encourages NASA to make Restore-L's 
capabilities available to other government agencies that own 
and operate satellites.
    Nuclear Propulsion.--NASA is continuing its work to develop 
the foundational technologies and advance low-enriched uranium 
nuclear thermal propulsion systems that can provide 
significantly faster trip times for crewed missions than non-
nuclear options. Not less than $100,000,000 is for the 
development of nuclear thermal propulsion, of which not less 
than $70,000,000 shall be for the design of a flight 
demonstration by 2024 for which a multi-year plan is required. 
Within 180 days of the enactment of this act, NASA, in 
conjunction with other relevant Federal departments and 
agencies shall submit a multi-year plan that enables a 
demonstration no later than 2024 and describes future missions 
and propulsion and power systems enabled by this capability.
    Flight Opportunities Program.--The funding provided for 
this program may be used to support undergraduate and graduate 
work in developing flight opportunities payloads. NASA should 
ensure that funds are available for flight opportunities of 
science, technology demonstration, and educational payloads 
developed across all NASA Mission Directorates, as well as 
external flight opportunities, as authorized under section 907 
of the NASA Authorization Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-267), 
including competitively-selected opportunities in support of 
payload development and flight of K-12 and collegiate 
educational payloads.
    Small Business Innovation Research.--The Committee 
recognizes the importance of the SBIR program and its previous 
success in commercialization of results from federally funded 
research and development projects and includes the requested 
level for SBIR. The SBIR program encourages domestic small 
businesses to engage in Federal research and development, and 
creates jobs. The Committee therefore directs NASA to place an 
increased focus on awarding SBIR awards to firms with fewer 
than 50 employees.

                              EXPLORATION

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $5,050,800,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   6,396,400,000
Committee recommendation................................   6,222,600,000

    The Committee provides $6,222,600,000 for Exploration, 
which is $1,171,800,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level and $173,800,000 below the budget request using the 
fiscal year 2019 account structure.
    The Exploration account funds the capabilities required to 
develop, demonstrate, and deploy the transportation, life 
support, and surface systems that will enable sustained human 
presence beyond low-Earth orbit and throughout the solar 
system. The Committee believes the Nation deserves a safe and 
robust human spaceflight program to explore beyond low-Earth 
orbit.

                               EXPLORATION
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Orion.................................................         1,406,700
Space Launch System...................................         2,585,900
Exploration Ground Systems............................           590,000
Exploration Research and Development..................         1,640,000
    Advanced Exploration Systems......................           255,600
    Gateway...........................................           500,300
    Advanced Cislunar and Surface Capabilities........           744,100
    Human Research Program............................           140,000
                                                       -----------------
        Total Exploration.............................         6,222,600
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    NASA has embarked on an ambitious goal to return U.S. 
astronauts to the surface of the Moon by 2024, known as the 
``Artemis'' mission. This is a significant acceleration of the 
program compared to the original fiscal year 2020 budget 
request that envisioned the same mission to be accomplished by 
2028. The Committee has used the amended request as a guide in 
formulating its recommendations but also recognizes that 
several aspects of the accelerated mission are in the early 
stages of planning and development, and the estimated costs of 
elements through completion of the near term goal were not 
available to the Committee. While there is support for the 
mission, it is difficult to weigh the impacts of the 
accelerated mission on the overall budget of NASA with only a 
single year budget proposal. NASA must provide 5-year budget 
profiles, similar to all other NASA missions and programs, in 
order to allow a thorough evaluation by the Committee. In the 
interim, the Committee has provided funds to allow for NASA to 
advance its human exploration program and awaits further 
definition of the program and its estimated associated costs.
    The Space Launch System [SLS], Orion multi-purpose crew 
vehicle, and Exploration ground systems are all critical 
infrastructure for the development and sustainment of the 
Nation's human exploration goals. These investments will enable 
the human exploration of space beyond low-Earth orbit, and 
provide flexibility for a variety of mission destinations 
including the Moon and Mars.
    The Committee provides: $2,585,900,000 for SLS of which 
$300,000,000 is provided for concurrent Exploration Upper Stage 
[EUS] development and procurement; $1,406,700,000 for Orion; 
and $590,000,000 for Exploration Ground Systems. These funding 
levels reflect consistent programmatic funding to ensure the 
earliest possible crewed launch of SLS, as well as prepare for 
future science and crewed missions.
    NASA's Exploration Systems Development is made up of 
distinct, but equally important pieces: the SLS heavy-lift 
launch vehicle and its propulsion systems, Orion, and the 
supporting ground systems that process and enable the launch of 
these vehicles. If any of these activities are delayed, then 
the entire exploration enterprise of launching humans beyond 
low-Earth orbit by NASA is also hindered. Therefore, it is 
important to view these programs as part of a complete system 
and to budget accordingly so that the Nation can advance its 
exploration goals.
    It is important to note that the funding levels provided by 
the Committee support the development of multiple iterations of 
launch and crew test articles and flight vehicles that are 
being developed and produced during fiscal year 2020. Flight 
hardware that will be used for the initial uncrewed and crewed 
test launches, as well as the flights that will return 
astronauts to the lunar surface are included within the funding 
provided, as is funding for procurement of EUS hardware for its 
initial flight and future missions.
    The Committee directs NASA to follow its ``Priority of 
Use'' clause for ensuring that its missions are prioritized and 
that mission related activities and schedules of NASA missions 
are not impacted by outside activities at its centers. In 
particular, NASA shall ensure that any non-Federal activities 
do not interfere with the progress of, and schedule for, the 
Artemis missions and will report to the Committee any 
conflicting activities and how the conflict was resolved 15 
days prior to any activity taking place.
    Exploration Research and Development [ERD].--The Committee 
provides $1,640,000,000 for ERD of which $500,300,000 is for 
Gateway, $140,000,000 is for the Human Research Program, 
$255,600,000 is for Advanced Exploration Systems, and 
$744,100,000 is for Advanced Cislunar and Surface Capabilities. 
NASA must focus its efforts towards systems enabling a crewed 
landing on the Moon. This requires quickly identifying 
requirements and selecting teams that can meet a timeline that 
will make a safe landing as early as 2024 possible.
    Lunar Lander Development.--As NASA embarks on a return to 
the Moon as part of its larger human exploration strategy, the 
need for the development of a lander that is tested and ready 
for crewed missions is of critical importance. In order to 
support the immediate need for developing a lunar lander 
capability by 2024, $44,100,000 is provided for the lunar 
lander office to lead the support of NASA's accelerated 
exploration timeline. In order to expedite development of lunar 
landers, NASA is encouraged to engage in public-private 
partnerships for lunar lander development and demonstration 
with at least one U.S. commercial company this year to meet the 
goal of safely delivering crew to the lunar surface. NASA shall 
ensure that as part of the lander procurement, an appropriate 
testing regimen can be executed prior to its crewed use and any 
selected lander designs can utilize any U.S. launch vehicle, 
commercial or otherwise, that is available for lunar 
exploration missions. This will allow for a robust and flexible 
lander architecture that matches schedule to launch vehicle 
availability.
    Advanced Technologies to Support NASA Air Revitalization 
Initiative.--NASA could benefit from the Nation's global 
leadership in ionic liquid advanced technologies related to 
mission critical tasks such as air revitalization. The 
recommendation includes the requested level within AES for 
applied industry and university research related to development 
and application of ionic liquid based technologies to aid in 
air revitalization systems. The Committee encourages NASA to 
support institutions with strong capabilities in developing 
these advanced technologies and demonstrated capabilities for 
translating technology into practice.

                            SPACE OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $4,639,100,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   4,285,700,000
Committee recommendation................................   4,150,200,000

    The Committee provides $4,150,000,000 for Space Operations, 
which is $488,900,000 below the fiscal year 2019 enacted level 
and $135,500,000 below the budget request. The Space Operations 
account funds the International Space Station [ISS] and the 
supporting functions required to conduct operations in space. 
The ISS is a complex of research laboratories in low-Earth 
orbit in which American, Russian, and international partner 
astronauts conduct unique scientific and technological 
investigations in a microgravity environment.
    ISS Research.--Increased crew time aboard the ISS presents 
more research opportunities. The Committee directs NASA to 
promote new grant opportunities that will support and further 
biological and physical sciences research within a microgravity 
environment, including continued study of and quantifying 
potential exposure to cosmic rays through initiatives such as 
the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer. In making grant opportunities 
available, the Committee urges the Administrator to abide by 
the priorities established by the National Academies' decadal 
survey titled ``Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration: 
Life and Physical Sciences Research for a New Era.''
    Commercial Crew and Cargo.--The Committee recommends up to 
the requested level of funding for Commercial Crew and Cargo, 
including the Commercial Crew program. The Commercial Crew 
program is scheduled to launch U.S. astronauts on U.S. vehicles 
to the ISS during fiscal year 2020.
    Commercial Low-Earth Orbit Development [LEO].--The 
Committee supports maintaining the ISS with direct Federal 
funding beyond 2025 until a viable alternative exists to 
achieve NASA's objectives in LEO. The Committee supports 
public-private partnerships to advance commercial capabilities 
in LEO, particularly those involving in-kind contributions by 
NASA, such as making a docking node on the ISS available for 
partnership opportunities. However, the Committee notes that in 
NASA's March 27, 2019, report to the Committee providing a 
multi-year plan for lunar activities, NASA highlights: ``a 
long-term LEO marketplace with primarily non-NASA commercial 
revenue is not viable without a significant transition period 
during which the U.S. Government continues to make investments 
in the market and purchases services from it.'' The report goes 
on to say that the transition will last for years, during which 
NASA will be expected to be the anchor tenant of any so-called 
commercial venture. Other NASA studies have found that the most 
promising market for LEO is space tourism. At this time, NASA 
is undertaking an independent review of its legacy 
commercialization activity, the ISS National Lab, formerly 
known as the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space to 
evaluate its commercial strengths and weaknesses. The 
recommendation provides $15,000,000 for Commercial LEO 
activities to allow for continued opportunities for LEO 
commercialization that are not primarily dependent on NASA 
funding. NASA is encouraged to consider how regional 
partnerships between academia and the private sector can be 
mobilized and organized to better foster the growth of a 
commercial user base for space services and microgravity 
operations.
    Rocket Propulsion Test Program and Testing 
Infrastructure.--The Committee recommends the fiscal year 2020 
requested amount for the NASA Rocket Propulsion Test program to 
ensure test infrastructure remains adequate to support the SLS 
and other propulsion development programs. The Committee notes 
that NASA is planning to utilize its existing test facilities 
for the SLS green run test and that NASA anticipates doing so 
for Exploration Upper Stage testing in the future. The 
Committee encourages NASA to develop plans to fully utilize 
NASA-owned rocket testing infrastructure for commercially 
developed launch vehicles to ensure that these vehicles are not 
only tested in the same manner as Government-developed launch 
vehicles, but also at the same facilities, to ensure 
consistency in testing across all potential vehicles.
    Space and Flight Support Launch Services.--The Committee 
believes that small launch vehicle development will lead to a 
capability that will maximize benefits to the government, the 
private sector, and universities while promoting increased 
participation in the small launch market. The recommendation 
supports funding in Space Technology, Science, and Exploration, 
estimated at $21,500,000, that is provided to the Launch 
Services Program to procure launch vehicles of small payloads 
to increase opportunities for improved access to suborbital and 
orbital launch opportunities once the current round is 
completed. NASA shall also keep the Committee informed of the 
two upcoming demonstration launches planned for 2019, as well 
as its future plans to maximize utilization of this program 
that will lower small launch costs and increase access to 
space.
    Space Communications.--The recommendation supports the 
completion of the Space Network Ground Segment Sustainment 
project. The Committee recognizes and appreciates the 
complexities involved in sustaining NASA's Near Earth, Space, 
and Deep Space communications networks and infrastructure, 
which support NASA's scientific and exploration activities. The 
Committee directs NASA to develop a plan, budget, and timeline 
for sustainment of NASA's existing communications network and 
infrastructure. No funding is provided for the proposed new 
Communications Services Program.
    21st Century Launch Complex.--The Committee notes that 
maintaining multiple launch sites contributes to assured access 
to the ISS for NASA, researchers, and industry. The 
recommendation includes $15,000,000 for NASA-owned launch 
facilities, of which $10,000,000 shall be for the Wallops 
Flight Facility launch complex. Within 45 days of enactment of 
this act, NASA shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations 
a prioritized list of remaining needs for NASA-owned launch 
facilities necessary for range modernization to meet critical 
maintenance, capacity, and range safety needs over the next 5 
years, along with an indication of whether these projects are 
planned to be funded under Exploration or Construction of 
Facilities [CoF]. The Committee notes that significant funding 
for Kennedy Space Center and Wallops Flight Facility projects 
have been previously included in CoF in both the fiscal year 
2019 enacted bill and in this act.

      SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS ENGAGEMENT

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $110,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................................
Committee recommendation................................     112,000,000

    The Committee does not agree with the proposed cancellation 
of the activities within the Science, Technology, Engineering, 
and Mathematics Engagement account. The Committee provides 
$112,000,000 for STEM Engagement, which is $2,000,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $112,000,000 above the 
budget request. As part of this activity, NASA is directed to 
continue progress toward the Committee and NASA's shared goal 
of capping administrative costs at no more than 5 percent. This 
account funds STEM education activities to educate and inspire 
our next generation of explorers and innovators.

                             STEM ENGAGEMENT
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
NASA Space Grant......................................            47,000
Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research             22,000
 [EPSCOR].............................................
Minority University Research and Education Project....            33,000
STEM Education and Accountability Projects............            10,000
                                                       -----------------
      TOTAL...........................................           112,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Space Grant.--The Committee provides $47,000,000 for Space 
Grant and directs that all 52 participating jurisdictions be 
supported at no less than $760,000. NASA shall limit 
administrative costs to the fiscal year 2019 level and shall 
continue to have a goal of reducing administrative costs to no 
higher than 5 percent. The Committee encourages NASA to use 
increased funding to evaluate program performance, augment base 
grants, and competitively respond to local, regional, and 
national needs.
    Competitive Program.--The Committee provides $5,000,000 for 
the Competitive Program for Science, Museums, Planetariums, and 
NASA Visitors Centers within the STEM Education and 
Accountability Projects. This competitive grant program 
supports interactive exhibits, professional development 
activities, and community-based programs to engage students, 
teachers, and the public in STEM. The Committee is concerned 
that the program is now focused on coalition building rather 
than developing cutting-edge educational products for wide 
distribution, and that this change occurred without community 
input. The Committee encourages NASA to follow the program's 
authorized purpose.

                 SAFETY, SECURITY, AND MISSION SERVICES

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $2,755,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   3,084,600,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,934,800,000

    The Committee provides $2,934,800,000 for Safety, Security, 
and Mission Services, which is $179,800,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 enacted level and $149,800,000 below the budget 
request. The Safety, Security, and Mission Services account 
funds agency management, including headquarters and each of the 
nine NASA field centers, as well as the design and execution of 
non-programmatic Construction of Facilities and Environmental 
Compliance and Restoration activities.
    Independent Verification and Validation [IV&V] Program.--
Within the amounts provided for cross-agency support, the 
Committee recommends $39,100,000 for NASA's IV&V Program. If 
necessary, NASA shall fund additional IV&V activities from 
within the mission directorates that make use of IV&V services.
    Moon to Mars Office.--As NASA moves forward with its plans 
to emphasize lunar research and human exploration of the Moon, 
it is important for NASA to have a clear, agency-wide vision to 
align efforts toward the implementation of an integrated Moon 
to Mars campaign. The Committee encourages NASA to consider a 
structure similar to other offices, such as the Office of the 
Chief Technologist and the Office of Chief Scientist as a model 
that could be followed. Such an office with a focus on lunar 
exploration would allow for agency-wide coordination of 
resources and activities across multiple directorates, while 
not disrupting NASA's current organization with major 
structural reorganizations. The Committee believes that 
sufficient funding is available if NASA chooses to pursue the 
organization of such an office pursuant to section 505 of this 
act.
    Information Technology.--The Committee is extremely 
concerned with reports from the Inspector General [IG] and GAO 
on the state of NASA's Information Technology security. NASA 
needs to have outward facing systems that provide information 
and scientific data to users. These systems must have 
protections in place for sensitive data and internal 
operations. NASA requires an appropriate workforce to ensure 
the agency's IT systems are secure. Both the IG and GAO 
highlight deficiencies within the Office of the Chief 
Information Officer. NASA is directed to provide the Committee 
with its plans to implement the recent recommendations of the 
IG and GAO on IT security no later than 30 days after enactment 
of this act.
    Cybersecurity.--The Committee's recommendation includes the 
full request for Agency Information Technology Services to 
support shifting NASA's IT model to one that enhances 
cybersecurity with strong governance and information security 
practices.
    Annual Financial Audit.--Over the past 8 fiscal years, NASA 
has received clean financial audit opinions. The Committee 
expects that NASA will take every action necessary to achieve 
clean financial audits this year and in the future. In order to 
maintain a stable financial base for executing NASA's mission, 
no funds are provided to implement, alter, or configure changes 
to its financial system to accommodate Category B 
apportionments for amounts below NASA appropriation account 
levels.
    Buy American Provisions.--NASA is reminded of language 
included in the NOAA section of this report regarding Buy 
American provisions which apply to NOAA, NASA, and NSF related 
to the acquisition, construction, or conversion of a marine 
vessel or marine vessel components.

       CONSTRUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND RESTORATION

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $348,200,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     600,400,000
Committee recommendation................................     524,400,000

    The Committee provides $524,400,000 for Construction and 
Environmental Compliance and Restoration, which is $176,200,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $76,000,000 below 
the budget request. The Construction and Environmental 
Compliance and Restoration account provides for design and 
execution of programmatic, discrete and minor revitalization, 
construction of facilities projects, facility demolition 
projects, and environmental compliance and restoration 
activities.
    PFAS.--The Committee is aware that NASA, in collaboration 
with local, State, and Federal agencies, has conducted testing 
of the groundwater monitoring wells and drinking water wells 
near Wallops Flight Facility for the presence of PFAS. The 
Committee supports this action and urges NASA to act 
expeditiously to understand the extent of PFAS in and around 
the Wallops facility and to determine the need for action. The 
Committee also acknowledges NASA's role in the development of 
PFAS guidelines and standards promulgated by the 
Administration, and urges NASA to take steps to improve 
transparency of the underlying data recommendations used in the 
formation of this guidance.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $39,300,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      41,700,000
Committee recommendation................................      40,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $40,000,000 for the 
Office of Inspector General, which is $700,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 enacted level and $1,700,000 below the budget 
request. The Office is responsible for promoting efficiency and 
preventing and detecting crime, fraud, waste, and 
mismanagement.

                       ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

    The Committee includes bill language regarding the 
availability of funds for certain prizes. NASA is reminded that 
under the authority provided in section 20144 of title 52, 
United States Code, no prize may be announced until the funds 
needed to pay it have been appropriated or committed to in 
writing by a private source. NASA is directed to provide any 
written notification under subsection (h)(4) of that section to 
the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives.
    The Committee also includes bill language regarding 
transfers of funds between accounts and the NASA spending plan 
for fiscal year 2020.

                      National Science Foundation

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $8,075,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   7,066,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   8,317,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $8,317,000,000 for 
the National Science Foundation [NSF]. The recommendation is 
$242,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$1,251,000,000 above the budget request.
    NSF was established as an independent agency by the 
National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (Public Law 81-507) and 
is authorized to support research and education programs that 
promote the progress of science and engineering in the United 
States. The Foundation supports research and education in all 
major scientific and engineering disciplines through grants, 
cooperative agreements, contracts, and other forms of 
assistance in all parts of the United States. NSF also supports 
unique domestic and international large-scale research 
facilities.

                    RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES

Appropriations, 2019....................................  $6,520,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................   5,662,960,000
Committee recommendation................................   6,769,670,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $6,769,670,000. The 
recommendation is $249,670,000 above the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $1,106,710,000 above the budget request.
    The Research and Related Activities [R&RA] appropriation 
funds scientific discovery, trains a dynamic workforce, and 
supports broadly accessible state-of-the-art tools and 
facilities. Research activities contribute to the achievement 
of these outcomes through expansion of the knowledge base; 
integration of research and education; stimulation of knowledge 
transfer between academia and the public and private sectors, 
and international activities; and brings the perspectives of 
many scientific disciplines to bear on complex problems 
important to the Nation. NSF's discipline-oriented R&RA account 
includes: Biological Sciences; Computer and Information Science 
and Engineering; Engineering; Geosciences; Mathematical and 
Physical Sciences; Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences; 
Office of Cyberinfrastructure; Office of International Science 
and Engineering; Office of Polar Programs; Integrative 
Activities; and the U.S. Arctic Research Commission.
    The Committee's fiscal year 2020 recommendation supports 
Federal long-term basic research that has the potential to 
transform our economy and our way of life in the context of a 
constrained Federal budget. Private industry, foundations, and 
non-profits bring additional expertise, resources, and capacity 
to NSF-funded research. This can further accelerate discovery 
and translation of research to products and services, and 
enhance the preparation of the future workforce to benefit 
society and grow the American economy. The Committee strongly 
encourages NSF to leverage the Nation's research communities 
through partnering and collaboration to make available 
infrastructure, expertise, and financial resources to the U.S. 
scientific and engineering research and education enterprise.
    Scientific Facilities and Instrumentation.--A critical 
component of the Nation's scientific enterprise is the 
infrastructure that supports researchers in discovery science. 
Investments to advance the frontiers of research and education 
in science and engineering are critical to the Nation's 
innovation enterprise. The Committee encourages NSF to fully 
fund its U.S. scientific research facilities and instruments to 
adequately support scientists and students engaged in 
sustained, cutting-edge research. The recommendation fully 
supports the budget request for the new Facility Operation 
Transition pilot and operation of the National Ecological 
Observatory Network at no less than the fiscal year 2019 level.
    Astronomy.--U.S.-based astronomy researchers and facilities 
funded through NSF continue to make groundbreaking discoveries 
utilizing world-class scientific research instruments and 
facilities. NSF funding enables research in the United States, 
at facilities across the globe, and at observatories operated 
by universities, including the National Optical Astronomy 
Observatories, the National Radio Astronomy Observatories, and 
the National Solar Observatory. As NSF determines the 
appropriate levels of support for astronomy research grants by 
scientists and students engaged in ground-breaking research and 
investments, the Committee expects NSF to continue its support 
of world-class scientific research facilities and 
instrumentation to maximize its investments in research while 
preliminarily preparing for facility upgrades and activities 
associated with supporting the next Astrophysics decadal. In 
addition to this support, partnerships should be explored when 
feasible to maximize research capabilities at such facilities.
    Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope.--The Committee supports 
the budget request for operations of the Daniel K. Inouye Solar 
Telescope [DKI-ST]. This new telescope will be a major enabler 
of solar research and the understanding of space weather that 
can affect our climate and communications systems. As the 
telescope begins operations in fiscal year 2020, the Committee 
encourages NSF to support DKI-ST's existing ancillary academic 
partnerships that have made the construction of this telescope 
successful.
    10 Big Ideas.--NSF has embarked on a long-term plan to use 
10 Big Ideas, along with two convergence accelerators, to guide 
funding for areas that will drive NSF's long-term research 
agenda and investments in fundamental research. These ideas are 
meant to define the focus of cutting-edge research uniquely 
suited for NSF's broad portfolio. The Committee is supportive 
of NSF using its position as the lead Federal agency in 
supporting basic research in all fundamental science areas and 
expects that as NSF uses the 10 Big Ideas as a focusing tool, 
the funding for the fundamental scientific disciplines will be 
maintained. The Committee has provided significant funding 
above the amount requested in fiscal year 2020. Therefore, NSF 
shall maintain its core research at levels not less than those 
provided in fiscal year 2017. The Committee believes that the 
additional funds provided for fiscal year 2020 are more than 
adequate to continue basic research and allow NSF to position 
the United States to continue as a global science and 
engineering leader using the 10 Big Ideas framework.
    Windows on the Universe.--One of NSF's 10 Big Ideas 
includes pursuing multi-messenger research that utilizes NSF's 
previous investments in both physics and astronomy to 
simultaneously study cosmic events in light, particles, and 
gravitational waves. NSF is encouraged to support both ongoing 
operations of existing and future NSF funded astronomy and 
physics facilities within its budget as part of their 10 Big 
Idea planning.
    Navigating the New Arctic.--As NSF continues the Navigating 
the New Arctic program, the Committee urges NSF to formulate 
research programs leveraging expertise from regions accustomed 
to adapting to changing marine ecosystems. Specifically, NSF 
should consider the impact of the opening of the two trans-
Arctic sea routes and the proximity to deep U.S. ports.
    Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
[EPSCoR].--The Committee underscores the importance of the 
EPSCoR program in spurring innovation and strengthening the 
research capabilities of institutions that are historically 
underserved by Federal research and development funding. The 
EPSCoR program is funded at no less than $190,000,000. NSF 
shall make every effort to achieve efficiencies to ensure that 
no more than 5 percent of the amounts provided for the program 
are used for administration and other overhead costs. The 
Committee supports NSF's reexamination of eligibility criteria 
for EPSCoR and, in order to maintain certainty for EPSCoR 
States, the Committee directs NSF to share the findings of its 
reexamination with Congress before taking any action to remove 
a State from the program.
    Online Influence.--The Committee encourages NSF to consider 
additional research efforts that could help counter foreign 
influence efforts from our adversaries, like Russia, on U.S. 
social media platforms designed to influence U.S. perspectives 
and undermine confidence in U.S. elections. The Committee is 
especially supportive of research involving collaboration 
between scientists in disparate scientific fields to help 
identify and focus future research investments. To the extent 
practicable, NSF should engage other Federal agencies to help 
identify areas of research that will provide insight that can 
mitigate influence in future elections.
    U.S. Neutron Monitor Network.--The United States currently 
operates 15 neutron monitoring stations, but this critical 
infrastructure has degraded over time. Neutron monitoring has 
important implications in many fields, including space weather. 
In fact, the National Space Weather Action plan states: ``DOC, 
DOD, and NSF, in collaboration with academia, the private 
sector, and international partners, will develop options to 
sustain or enhance the worldwide ground-based neutron-
monitoring network to include real-time reporting of ground-
level events to operational space-weather-forecasting 
centers.'' To meet that goal, within 90 days of enactment of 
this act, NSF shall complete a plan to ensure a sufficient 
number of neutron detectors are deployed to adequately 
characterize the radiation environment and support a real-time 
alert and warning system. The plan should be developed in 
consultation with operators of the current U.S. network and 
include annual funding requirements to sustain and upgrade the 
network.
    Study of Temperate Woodland and Alpine Ecosystems and 
Ecoregions.--The Committee expects NSF to continue supporting 
research on unique mountain temperate woodland ecosystems and 
ecoregions, and to advance research in this area in order to 
better understand and sustain the health and vitality of 
mountain ecosystems.
    Mathematical Sciences Institutes.--The Committee recognizes 
the importance of the NSF Mathematical Sciences Institutes 
across the country, which provide important basic research in 
multiple fields.
    Rules of Life.--One of the research gaps in biological 
knowledge is the inability to look at an organism's genetics 
and environment and predict its observable characteristics. 
Research in this area will open new doors to answer fundamental 
questions in life sciences. To that end, the Committee supports 
NSF's funding for research in plant genomics and directs NSF to 
continue to advance the ongoing plant genomics research 
program, further its work in crop-based genomics research, and 
to maintain a focus on research related to crops of economic 
importance. These activities directly address the Rules of Life 
research question that is a focus of NSF.
    VORTEX-SE.--NSF has been working in conjunction with NOAA 
to build up to a full research campaign to study the unique 
characteristics of tornadoes in the southeast. The previous 
field campaigns in 2016 and 2017 have provided important new 
insights into the observing strategy for the larger VORTEX-SE 
field campaign and the field data collected as part of these 
campaigns is currently being assimilated into storm-scale 
models, which in turn enables improvements in tornado forecast 
capability. In preparation for the upcoming field campaign, the 
Committee expects that future budget requests for VORTEX-SE 
will include adequate budgetary resources for associated 
research and instrumentation that will maximize the scientific 
return of the upcoming field campaign. As part of VORTEX-SE, 
the Committee encourages NSF to look beyond its traditional 
research disciplines and programs and to utilize the 
collaborative opportunities of the Prediction of and Resilience 
against Extreme Events program for co-funding grants that 
enhance understanding of the fundamental natural processes and 
hazards of tornadoes in the southeast and to improve models of 
these seasonal extreme events.
    High-Performance Computing Planning.--The Committee 
commends NSF on its continuing commitment to its high-
performance computing and data analysis capabilities, including 
the potential for mid-scale research infrastructure, but is 
concerned these investments fall short of scientific and 
engineering needs. NSF should remain committed to developing 
and supporting systems that facilitate tremendous leaps in 
computational simulation including artificial intelligence, 
storage, quantum computing, and data analyses that enable a 
broad range of scientific research. Leading edge high-
performance computing infrastructure is vital for continued 
U.S. world leadership and international scientific 
competitiveness, particularly given computational investments 
and technical achievements in high-performance computing by 
other nations, notably China and Japan. NSF should invest in 
additional high-end computational systems to fully meet science 
and engineering needs. The Committee recommends that NSF 
establish a timely, well-funded budget line in future budget 
submissions to Congress to support world-class leadership 
computing for the national open science community.
    Domestic Manufacturing.--The Committee encourages NSF to 
continue to support meritorious research on the U.S. steel 
industry including through the Innovation and Partnerships 
program.
    Innovation Corps.--The Committee provides no less than the 
fiscal year 2019 amount for the Innovation Corps [I-Corps] 
program to build on the successes of its innovative public-
private partnership model. Technology transfer is an important 
contributor to American innovation, and NSF plays a critical 
role in enabling our Nation's brightest academic minds to bring 
their ideas and ingenuity to the marketplace. Scientists are 
trained in discovery but need help turning their research into 
real-world products and profits. Programs like I-Corps create 
jobs in our laboratories today and jobs in American industries 
tomorrow. The Committee encourages NSF to facilitate greater 
participation in the program from academic institutions in 
States that have not previously received awards.
    Marine Research.--The recommendation maintains current 
funding levels for existing marine research facilities and 
directs NSF to accept new proposals from the academic research 
community for research supported by these facilities. The 
Committee further directs NSF to develop a plan, in 
coordination with the academic research community, to ensure 
the science community's continued access to capabilities 
comparable to those currently provided by existing NSF marine 
research facilities.
    Earth Systems Science.--NSF is encouraged to look at 
existing resources, including Federally Funded Research and 
Development Centers and major facility programs, and determine 
how these core resources can act as natural integrators for an 
Earth Systems science approach within NSF and to develop 
regional approaches using this method to demonstrate its 
effectiveness.
    Coastlines and People.--The Committee encourages NSF to 
continue research that advances understanding of the impacts of 
coastal environmental viability and natural hazards on 
populated coastal regions and is encouraged by emerging efforts 
such as Coastlines and People.
    Quantum Science.--The Committee recommends at least 
$106,000,000 for quantum information science research, as 
authorized in the National Quantum Initiative Act, to support 
basic interdisciplinary quantum information science and 
engineering research and human resources development in all 
aspects of quantum information science and engineering. The 
Committee recommendations also includes $50,000,000 for up to 
five Multidisciplinary Research Centers for Quantum Research 
and Education to conduct basic research and education 
activities in support of the goals and priorities of the 
National Quantum Initiative Act. The Committee recommends these 
Centers be established at institutions with recognized 
leadership in the Quantum Information Science field and its 
applications. The Committee also encourages NSF to establish 
these Centers in locations where close collaboration with 
industry is possible and encourages NSF to consider Centers 
that focus on trapped ion quantum computing and/or the optics 
underlying it, superconducting quantum computing, and other 
promising technologies.
    Artificial Intelligence [AI].--The Committee recognizes the 
importance of research in the fundamentals of AI. NSF's ongoing 
research on understanding and pushing the boundaries related to 
AI crosses multiple scientific disciplines and is fundamentally 
at the core of NSF's Harnessing the Data Revolution and the 
Future of Work at the Human-Technology Frontier Big Ideas. To 
continue the progress in this emerging field, the Committee 
fully funds AI activities across NSF at the request level.
    Mid-Scale Research Infrastructure.--The recommendation 
fully funds the mid-scale research instrumentation program and 
encourages the Foundation to make no fewer than one mid-scale 
award in an EPSCoR State.
    HBCUs Excellence in Research.--The Committee supports the 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities [HBCUs] Excellence 
in Research program, and the recommendation includes 
$15,000,000 for the program. The program is assisting in 
addressing NSF's previously troubling track record of only 
providing substantial research funding to a small number of 
HBCUs.

          MAJOR RESEARCH EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES CONSTRUCTION

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $295,740,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     223,230,000
Committee recommendation................................     253,230,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $253,230,000 for 
Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction [MREFC]. 
The recommendation is $42,510,000 below the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $30,000,000 above the budget request.
    The MREFC appropriation supports the acquisition, 
procurement, construction, and commissioning of unique national 
research platforms and facilities as well as major research 
equipment. Projects supported by this appropriation push the 
boundaries of technology and offer expanded opportunities for 
the science and engineering community. Preliminary design and 
development activities, ongoing operations, and maintenance 
costs of the facilities are provided through the R&RA 
appropriation account.
    The Committee's recommendation includes funding at the 
requested level for the continued construction of the Large 
Synoptic Survey Telescope and the Antarctic Infrastructure 
Modernization for Science, as well as the requested amount to 
initiate the High Luminosity-Large Hadron Collider Upgrade. The 
Committee notes that fiscal year 2019 was the final year of 
appropriations for construction of the three Regional Class 
Research Vessels and the Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope. 
Operations funding for these projects is included within 
Research and Related Activities in fiscal year 2020 and future 
years.
    The recommendation provides $75,000,000 for Mid-scale 
research infrastructure. This amount is $30,000,000 above the 
requested level. The Committee commends NSF for its planned 
investments in mid-scale research infrastructure, including the 
provision of larger mid-scale instrumentation under the MREFC 
account after the Committee repeatedly directed the Foundation 
to determine how best to support projects of this scale. Using 
MREFC for larger Mid-scale projects will allow these projects 
to benefit from the oversight that all MREFC projects undergo. 
NSF is encouraged to award at least one project led by an 
institution in an EPSCoR State.
    The Committee encourages GAO to continue its annual review 
of programs funded within MREFC so that GAO can report to 
Congress shortly after each annual budget submission of the 
President and semiannually thereafter on the status of large-
scale NSF projects and activities based on its review of this 
information.
    Buy American Provisions.--NSF is reminded of language 
included in the NOAA section of this report regarding Buy 
American provisions which apply to NOAA, NASA, and NSF related 
to the acquisition, construction, or conversion of a marine 
vessel or marine vessel components.

                     EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $910,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     823,470,000
Committee recommendation................................     937,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $937,000,000 for 
this account. The recommendation is $27,000,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $113,530,000 above the 
budget request.
    The Education and Human Resources appropriation supports a 
comprehensive set of programs across all levels of education in 
STEM. The appropriation supports activities that unite school 
districts with institutions of higher learning to improve 
precollege education. Other precollege activities include the 
development of the next generation of STEM education leaders, 
instructional materials, and the STEM instructional workforce. 
Undergraduate activities support curriculum, laboratory, and 
instructional improvement; expand the STEM talent pool; attract 
STEM participants to teaching; augment advanced technological 
education at 2-year colleges; and develop dissemination tools. 
Graduate support is directed to research and teaching 
fellowships, internships, and instructional workforce 
improvement by linking precollege education systems with higher 
education. Programs also seek to broaden the participation of 
groups underrepresented in the STEM enterprise and promote 
informal science education.
    Advanced Technological Education.--The Committee provides 
$75,000,000 for Advanced Technological Education.
    Fellowships and Scholarships.--The Committee does not adopt 
the proposed funding reductions for the Improving Undergraduate 
STEM Education, Robert Noyce Scholarship Program, or the 
Graduate Research Fellowship and instead provides the fiscal 
year 2019 funding level for these programs.
    CyberCorps: Scholarships for Service.--The CyberCorps 
program has awarded more than 3,000 scholarships to train 
Federal cybersecurity professionals. Nearly half of the 
program's graduates are placed in national security and defense 
agencies. The Committee provides no less than $55,000,000 for 
the CyberCorps: Scholarships for Service program, of which not 
less than $7,500,000 should be used to continue work with 
community colleges that have been designated as a Center of 
Academic Excellence in Information Assurance 2-Year Education 
[CAE2Y] by the National Security Agency and the Department of 
Homeland Security, including through providing scholarships to 
students at CAE2Y's who will not transfer into a 4-year 
program, such as career-changers who possess 4-year degrees and 
veterans of the Armed Forces. Additionally, the Committee urges 
NSF to collaborate with the National Initiative for 
Cybersecurity Education at NIST on their efforts to develop 
cybersecurity skills in the workforce, especially in support of 
non-traditional or technical degree qualifications.
    Informal Science Education.--The Committee maintains its 
strong support for NSF's informal science education program and 
provides no less than $62,500,000 for Advancing Informal STEM 
Learning. The Committee encourages NSF to coordinate and 
provide necessary support for investments in both in- and out-
of-school time STEM education programs across Federal agencies, 
including support for extracurricular STEM programs. The 
Education and Human Resources directorate is further encouraged 
to continue its NSF-wide efforts to support informal STEM 
education programs, including leveraging the research 
directorates to support activities that match their respective 
content areas.
    Division of Research on Learning [DRL] in Formal and 
Informal Settings.--As part of the research funded through the 
DRL, the Committee recognizes the importance of out-of-school 
time STEM mentor-led engagement programs, including STEM 
networks, festivals, and competitions. Such programs are highly 
effective in filling the higher education STEM pipeline. The 
Committee urges NSF to focus on populations underrepresented in 
the STEM fields and encourages NSF to fund out-of-school time 
STEM engagement program activities.
    Division on Human Resource Development.--The Committee 
recommends $35,000,000 for the HBCUs Undergraduate Program, 
$8,000,000 for the Alliance for Graduate Education and the 
Professoriate, $46,000,000 for the Louis Stokes Alliances for 
Minority Participation, $15,000,000 for the Tribal Colleges and 
Universities Program, and $24,000,000 for Centers for Research 
Excellence in Science and Technology. In addition, $40,000,000 
is provided for the Hispanic Serving Institutions program to 
build capacity at institutions of higher education that 
typically do not receive high levels of NSF funding.
    Bioprocessing.--The Committee encourages NSF to include 
training in bioprocessing within appropriate research areas as 
part of their educational efforts.
    Inclusion Across the Nation of Communities of Learners of 
Underrepresented Discoverers in Engineering and Science 
[INCLUDES].--The Committee supports the Big Idea to broaden 
participation in science and engineering by developing networks 
and partnerships that involve organizations and consortia from 
different sectors committed to the common agenda of STEM 
inclusion, and the recommendation provides $20,000,000 for 
INCLUDES.
    Advancement of Women in Academic Science and Engineering 
Careers [ADVANCE].--The Committee is supportive of the ADVANCE 
program, which funds efforts to address systemic barriers to 
women's STEM careers. To maintain these efforts, the Committee 
provides $18,000,000, the same as the fiscal year 2019 funding 
level.

                 AGENCY OPERATIONS AND AWARD MANAGEMENT

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $329,540,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     336,890,000
Committee recommendation................................     336,900,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $336,900,000 for 
Agency Operations and Award Management. The recommendation is 
$7,360,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $10,000 
above the budget request.
    The appropriation provides salaries and expenses, 
including: staff salaries, benefits, travel, training, rent, 
advisory and assistance services, communications and utilities 
expenses, supplies, equipment, and other operating expenses 
necessary for management of NSF's research and education 
activities.
    The Committee continues to believe that NSF should include 
criteria that evaluate how a proposal will advance our Nation's 
national security and economic interests, as well as promote 
the progress of science and innovation in the United States.
    The Committee reiterates its long-standing requirement that 
NSF submit reprogrammings when initiating new programs or 
activities of more than $500,000,000 or when reorganizing 
components. The Committee expects to be notified of 
reprogramming actions which involve less than the above-
mentioned amount if such actions would have the effect of 
changing the agency's funding requirements in future years, or 
if programs or projects specifically cited in the Committee's 
reports are affected.

                  OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $4,370,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       4,100,000
Committee recommendation................................       4,500,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $4,500,000 for the 
Office of the National Science Board. The recommendation is 
$130,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $400,000 
above the budget request.
    The National Science Board is the governing body of NSF and 
is charged with serving as an independent adviser to the 
President and Congress on policy matters related to science and 
engineering research and education.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $15,350,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      15,350,000
Committee recommendation................................      15,700,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $15,700,000 for the 
Office of Inspector General. The recommendation is $350,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $350,000 above the 
budget request.
    The OIG appropriation provides audit and investigation 
functions to identify and correct deficiencies that could lead 
to instances of fraud, waste, or mismanagement.

                        ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION

    The bill includes two administrative provisions. One allows 
limited transfers of funds among accounts.
    The other requires notification for disposal of certain 
assets.

                                TITLE IV

                            RELATED AGENCIES

                       Commission on Civil Rights

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $10,065,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       9,200,000
Committee recommendation................................      10,200,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $10,200,000 for the 
salaries and expenses of the Commission on Civil Rights, 
$135,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and 
$1,000,000 above the request.
    State Advisory Committees [SAC].--The SACs represent the 
eyes and ears of the Commission in their respective States. The 
Committee is pleased with the Commission's decision to extend 
all existing SAC charters from 2 years to 4 years and looks 
forward to the improvements in work quality that can be 
attributed to this change. In order to facilitate these 
improvements, additional funding has been provided to allow 
each of the SACs to hold at least one face-to-face meeting 
annually and to enable the Commission to provide the SACs with 
appropriate support in order accomplish this goal.
    Donations.--The Commission shall provide to the Committee 
quarterly updates on all gifts and donations, as well as the 
terms of and specific activities funded by the gift or 
donation. Additionally, anticipated funding from gifts or 
donations shall be included in the Commission's annual spend 
plan.

                Equal Employment Opportunity Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $379,500,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     355,800,000
Committee recommendation................................     384,500,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $384,500,000 for 
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission [EEOC] salaries and 
expenses. This recommendation is $5,000,000 above the fiscal 
year 2019 enacted level and $28,700,000 above the request.
    The EEOC is the leading Federal agency dedicated to 
eradicating employment discrimination in both the public and 
private sectors on the basis of race, color, national origin, 
sex, religion, pregnancy, age, disability, and family medical 
history or genetic information. The EEOC serves both U.S. 
public and private workplaces by helping provide a fair and 
inclusive workplace, which engenders employee satisfaction and 
commitment, and enhances employee retention, productivity, and 
profitability.
    Inventory Backlog Reduction.--The Committee notes that at 
the end of fiscal year 2018, the EEOC had a private sector 
inventory of 56,626 cases and a substantial Federal sector 
hearing inventory. While this represents a significant decrease 
in the inventory backlog, it still represents a substantial 
number of unresolved cases. Using appropriated funds for 
activities that do not directly resolve this backlog of 
existing and incoming claims denies cases with complainants the 
opportunity of a timely resolution. EEOC's own budget 
submission states that justice delayed is justice denied. 
Therefore, the Committee directs the EEOC to prioritize its 
staffing and resources toward reducing the number of current 
and outstanding unresolved private sector pending charges and 
public sector hearings. Further, EEOC is directed to report to 
the Committee within 30 days of enactment on the number of A, 
B, and C charges for each of the last 5 fiscal years.
    Public Comment on EEOC Guidance.--The Committee is 
concerned that as the EEOC conducts its business in protecting 
against employment discrimination, its guidance proposals can 
be adopted without the opportunity of public input prior to 
implementation and enforcement. Therefore, if requested by at 
least two Commissioners, the EEOC shall make any new guidance 
available for public comment in the Federal Register for not 
less than 30 days prior to taking any potential action on 
proposed guidance.
    State and Local Enforcement Assistance.--The Committee 
recommends up to $30,500,000 to assist State and local 
enforcement agencies. This will help ensure that EEOC provides 
adequate resources to its State partners.

                     International Trade Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $95,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................     101,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      99,400,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $99,400,000. The 
recommendation is $4,400,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level and is $8,300,000 above the budget request. The ITC's 
direct request to Congress was $101,000,000, which is 
$1,600,000 higher than the amount provided.
    ITC is an independent, quasi-judicial agency responsible 
for conducting trade-related investigations and providing 
Congress and the President with independent technical advice 
related to U.S. international trade policy. The Committee 
reminds the administration and the Office of Management and 
Budget that Congress granted ITC specific bypass authority for 
submitting its budget estimate to the Legislative Branch, 
pursuant to section 175 of the Trade Act of 1974. Therefore, 
all future budget estimates for ITC shall be transmitted to 
Congress without revision by the President, pursuant to such 
act.

                       Legal Services Corporation


               PAYMENT TO THE LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

Appropriations, 2019....................................    $415,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      18,200,000
Committee recommendation................................     425,500,000

    The Committee's recommendation rejects the proposal to 
terminate the payment to LSC and provides $425,500,000 for 
payment to LSC. The recommendation is $10,500,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $407,300,000 above the 
President's budget request.
    The Committee's recommendation provides $388,200,000 for 
basic field programs, to be used for competitively awarded 
grants and contracts; $22,000,000 for management and 
administration; $4,000,000 for client self-help and information 
technology; $5,300,000 for OIG; $1,500,000 for loan repayment 
assistance; and $4,500,000 for LSC's Pro Bono Innovation Fund.
    Governance and Management.--LSC must continue to improve 
its governance and management in order to further restore the 
transparency of the organization and direct additional funds 
into legal aid, where resources are desperately needed. The 
Committee expects the Inspector General of LSC to continue 
conducting annual audits of LSC grantees to ensure that funds 
are not being used in contravention of the restrictions by 
which LSC grantees are required to abide.
    Pro Bono Innovation Fund.--The Committee's recommendation 
provides no less than $4,500,000 to continue the Pro Bono 
Innovation Fund. This fund supports innovative projects that 
promote and enhance pro bono initiatives throughout the Nation, 
as well as leverages Federal dollars to increase free legal aid 
for low-income Americans by engaging private attorneys.

          ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION--LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The Committee's recommendation continues the administrative 
provisions contained in the fiscal year 1998 appropriations act 
(Public Law 105-119) regarding operation of this program to 
provide basic legal services to disadvantaged individuals and 
the restrictions on the use of LSC funds.
    LSC funds cannot be used to engage in litigation and 
related activities with respect to a variety of matters 
including: (1) redistricting; (2) class action suits; (3) 
representation of illegal aliens; (4) political activities; (5) 
abortion; (6) prisoner litigation; (7) welfare reform; (8) 
representation of charged drug dealers during eviction 
proceedings; and (9) solicitation of clients. The exception to 
the restrictions occurs in a case where there is imminent 
threat of physical harm to the client or prospective client.

                        Marine Mammal Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $3,516,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       2,449,000
Committee recommendation................................       3,616,000

    The Committee rejects the proposed elimination of the 
Marine Mammal Commission and instead provides $3,616,000. The 
recommendation is $100,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level and $1,167,000 above the budget request.
    The Marine Mammal Commission and its Committee of 
Scientific Advisors on Marine Mammals provide oversight and 
recommend actions on domestic and international topics to 
advance policies and provisions of the Marine Mammal Protection 
Act. The Commission provides precise, up-to-date scientific 
information to Congress on issues related to the safety of 
marine mammals.

            Office of the United States Trade Representative


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $53,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      59,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      54,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $54,000,000 for the 
Office of the United States Trade Representative [USTR]. The 
recommendation is $1,000,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level and $5,000,000 below the budget request. USTR is 
responsible for developing and leading international 
negotiations for the United States on policies regarding 
international trade, direct investment, and commodities. Its 
areas of responsibility include all matters relating to the 
World Trade Organization; trade, commodity, and direct 
investment matters dealt with by certain international 
institutions; industrial, agricultural, and services trade 
policy; and trade-related protection of intellectual property 
and the environment.
    Within funds provided, the Committee continues to support 
USTR's accepting full financial responsibilities of the 
Interagency Center on Trade Implementation, Monitoring, and 
Enforcement (formerly named the Interagency Trade Enforcement 
Center) in fiscal year 2020.
    Trade and Agricultural Exports.--The Committee supports 
efforts to reduce foreign tariffs and non-tariff trade barriers 
for U.S. agricultural exports, including the strong enforcement 
of trade rules and regulations. However, the Committee is 
concerned that trade actions resulting in decreased foreign 
market access for U.S. agricultural products due to retaliation 
threaten to harm our Nation's farmers and ranchers. The 
Committee urges USTR and the Secretary of Commerce to fully 
evaluate and consider the impact foreign tariffs and other 
retaliatory actions have on U.S. farmers and ranchers when 
negotiating with trade partners and in making trade related 
decisions.
    Trade Enforcement.--The Committee recognizes that strong 
trade enforcement is critical to promoting free, fair, and 
reciprocal trade. As the administration continues to pursue new 
and modified trade agreements with global partners, the 
Committee encourages enhanced prioritization of compliance 
monitoring and the prosecution of enforcement actions.
    North American Free Trade Agreement [NAFTA].--The Committee 
notes that no provision of NAFTA or the North American Free 
Trade Agreement Implementation Act (Public Law 103-182) 
authorizes the President to withdraw from NAFTA pursuant to 
Article 2205 of such Agreement without the prior enactment of 
an act of Congress, or a joint resolution directing the 
President to issue a withdrawal.
    Section 301 Exclusion Process.--The Committee notes that 
any further tariffs imposed on goods from China under Section 
301 of the Trade Act of 1974 shall be followed by an exclusion 
process that allows U.S. businesses to obtain relief from the 
tariffs. USTR is directed to initiate this process within 30 
days of the imposition of the tariffs, following the same 
procedures as those in prior rounds, allowing stakeholders to 
request that particular products classified within a tariff 
subheading that are subject to new tariffs be excluded from 
Section 301 tariffs.
    De Minimis Thresholds.--The Committee recognizes the 
current disparity in de minimis thresholds have a 
disproportionate impact on small businesses, that often take 
advantage of e-commerce to send low-value shipments to 
customers in foreign countries. USTR is encouraged to consider 
these impacts when negotiating with trading partners to address 
excessively low de minimis thresholds.
    Economy Act Transfers.--USTR is directed to continue 
isolating Economy Act payments as individual transfers and to 
submit documentation of and justification for all Economy Act 
transfers, regardless of amount, to and from other Federal 
agencies, to the Committee not less than 15 days before such 
transfers of sums are made.
    Travel.--USTR is directed to provide monthly travel reports 
detailing all trips outside of the United States, including the 
purposes and costs of such trips. Additionally, USTR shall 
continue to provide the Committee with quarterly reports 
outlining the status of ongoing trade negotiations, enforcement 
activities, and objectives achieved for existing trade 
agreements.

                      TRADE ENFORCEMENT TRUST FUND

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2019....................................     $15,000,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................      10,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      15,000,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $15,000,000 for the 
Trade Enforcement Trust Fund as authorized under the Trade 
Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 (Public Law 114-
125). The recommendation is equal to the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level and $5,000,000 above the budget request.
    Trade Enforcement Trust Fund.--The Committee supports 
efforts to enforce U.S. rights under trade agreements and to 
increase compliance of U.S. trade partners. The Committee 
directs USTR, as part of its fiscal year 2020 spending plan, to 
provide a breakdown of expenses for the Trade Enforcement Trust 
Fund's activities.

                        State Justice Institute


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2019....................................      $5,971,000
Budget estimate, 2020...................................       6,555,000
Committee recommendation................................       6,300,000

    The Committee's recommendation provides $6,300,000 for the 
State Justice Institute [SJI]. The recommendation is $329,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and $255,000 below the 
budget request.
    SJI was created in 1984 to further the development and 
adoption of improved judicial administration in State courts.
    Fines, Fees, and Bail Practices.--The Committee notes that 
one of SJI's priority areas of investment for fiscal year 2019 
was fines, fees, and bail practices. The Committee encourages 
SJI to continue investments in this area, including assisting 
State courts in taking a leadership role in reviewing fines, 
fees, and bail practices to ensure processes are fair and 
access to justice is assured; implementing alternative forms of 
sanctions; developing processes for indigency review; and 
transparency, governance, structural reforms that promote 
access to justice, accountability, and oversight; and projects 
that implement the principles of Conference of Chief Justices/
Conference of State Court Administrators National Task Force on 
Fines, Fees, and Bail Practices.

                                TITLE V

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

                        (INCLUDING RESCISSIONS)

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the departments, agencies, offices, and commissions funded 
in the accompanying act. Similar provisions were included in 
the fiscal year 2019 act.
    Section 501 prohibits the use of appropriations for certain 
publicity and propaganda purposes.
    Section 502 prohibits any appropriations contained in this 
bill from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless expressly provided.
    Section 503 limits funds for certain consulting purposes.
    Section 504 provides that, should any provision of the bill 
be held to be invalid, the remainder of the act would not be 
affected.
    Section 505 stipulates the policy and procedures by which 
funding available to the agencies funded under this bill may be 
reprogrammed for other purposes.
    Section 506 provides for a penalty for persons found to 
have falsely mislabeled products.
    Section 507 requires agencies to provide quarterly reports 
to the Appropriations Committees regarding unobligated 
balances.
    Section 508 requires agencies and departments funded in 
this bill to absorb any necessary costs related to downsizing 
or consolidation within the amounts provided to the agency or 
department.
    Section 509 limits funds for the sale or export of tobacco 
or tobacco products.
    Section 510 stipulates obligation of receipts and the use 
of certain funds for victim services available under the Crime 
Victims Fund.
    Of the funds set aside for Indian tribes, the Committee 
expects that the Office for Victims of Crime [OVC] will award 
such funds to Indian tribes that have not been designated high-
risk grantees by the Department of Justice and that comply with 
grant application requirements. OVC is expected to provide 
instructional model grant applications and other guidance to 
aid tribes in preparing grant applications. Grant-receiving 
tribes will need to certify that grant funds will not be used 
to supplant funds otherwise available for tribal victim 
assistance so that OVC can ensure grant accountability and that 
grants are being used effectively to improve services for 
tribal victims of crime.
    Section 511 prohibits the use of Department of Justice 
funds for programs that discriminate against, denigrate, or 
otherwise undermine the religious beliefs of students 
participating in such programs.
    Section 512 limits transfers of funds between agencies.
    Section 513 requires the Inspectors General of the 
Departments of Commerce and Justice, the National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, and 
the Legal Services Corporation to conduct reviews of activities 
funded in this bill and requires certifications regarding 
conflicts of interest.
    Section 514 prohibits funds for certain telecommunications 
and information technology acquisitions unless the acquiring 
department or agency has assessed the supply chain risk of the 
technology, including risks from technology originating in 
China, Russia, Iran, and North Korea.
    Section 515 prohibits the use of funds to support or 
justify the use of torture.
    Section 516 limits funds pertaining to certain activities 
related to the export of firearms.
    Section 517 limits funds that would deny permits to import 
certain products.
    Section 518 prohibits funds for activities that seek to 
include certain language in new trade agreements.
    Section 519 prohibits funds to authorize a national 
security letter in contravention of the statutes authorizing 
the FBI to issue national security letters.
    Section 520 requires notification to the Committees in the 
event of cost overruns.
    Section 521 authorizes funds appropriated for intelligence 
activities for the Department of Justice during fiscal year 
2020 until the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020.
    Section 522 prohibits contracts or grant awards in excess 
of $5,000,000 unless the prospective contractor or grantee has 
certified in writing that he or she has filed all Federal tax 
returns, has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the 
IRS Code of 1986, and has no unpaid Federal tax assessment.
    Section 523 specifies rescissions of prior appropriations.
    Section 524 prohibits the use of funds to purchase first 
class or premium airline travel in contravention of current 
regulations and improves reporting.
    Section 525 prohibits the use of funds to pay for the 
attendance of more than 50 employees at any single conference 
outside the United States and limits the cost of any such 
conference incurred by an agency, with certain exemptions.
    Section 526 prohibits the use of funds in this act for the 
transfer or release of certain individuals detained at Naval 
Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to or within the United States, 
its territories or possessions.
    Section 527 prohibits the use of funds in this act to 
construct, acquire, or modify any facility in the United 
States, its territories, or possessions to house certain 
individuals who, as of June 24, 2009, were located at Naval 
Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, for the purposes of detention or 
imprisonment in the custody or control of the Department of 
Defense.
    Section 528 requires agencies funded in this bill to report 
on undisbursed balances.
    Section 529 prohibits the use of funds by NASA, OSTP, or 
the National Space Council to engage in bilateral activities 
with China or a Chinese-owned company or effectuate the hosting 
of official Chinese visitors at certain facilities unless the 
activities are authorized by subsequent legislation or NASA or 
OSTP have made a certification pursuant to subsections (c) and 
(d) of this section.
    Section 530 prohibits funds made available by this bill 
from being used to deny the importation of certain shotgun 
models.
    Section 531 prohibits the use of funds to establish or 
maintain a computer network that does not block pornography, 
except for law enforcement purposes.
    Section 532 requires departments and agencies funded in 
this bill to submit spending plans to the House and Senate 
Appropriations Committees within 45 days of enactment of this 
bill.
    Section 533 prohibits the use of funds to implement the 
Arms Trade Treaty until the Senate approves a resolution of 
ratification for the Treaty.
    Section 534 prohibits funds to pay for award or incentive 
fees for contractors with below satisfactory performance or 
performance that fails to meet the basic requirements of the 
contract. The Committee directs any head of any executive 
branch department, agency, board, commission, or office funded 
by this bill to require that all contracts within their purview 
that provide award fees to link such fees to successful 
acquisition outcomes, specifying the terms of cost, schedule, 
and performance.
    Section 535 prohibits the use of funds by the Department of 
Justice to prevent States from implementing laws related to a 
certain section of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
    Section 536 prohibits the use of funds by the Department of 
Justice to prevent States from implementing State laws related 
to medical marijuana.
    Section 537 requires quarterly reports from the Department 
of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
and the National Science Foundation of travel to China.
    Section 538 limits formulation and development costs for 
the James Webb Space Telescope.

  COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Rule XVI, paragraph 7 requires that every report on a 
general appropriation bill filed by the Committee must identify 
items of appropriation not made to carry out the provisions of 
an existing law, a treaty stipulation, or an act or resolution 
previously passed by the Senate during that session.
    The Committee recommends funding for the following programs 
or activities that currently lack an authorization for fiscal 
year 2020, either in whole or in part, and therefore fall under 
this rule:

         APPROPRIATIONS NOT AUTHORIZED BY LAW--FISCAL YEAR 2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Last year of
                     Agency/program                        authorization
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Department of Commerce:
    International Trade Administration:
        Export Promotion................................            1996
    Bureau of Industry and Security:
        Export Administration...........................            1994
    Economic Development Administration:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2008
        Economic Development Assistance Programs:
            Public Works and Economic Development.......            2008
    National Telecommunications and Information
     Administration:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            1993
    National Institute of Standards and Technology:
        Scientific and Technical Research and Services..            2013
        Industrial Technology Services..................            2013
        Construction of Research Facilities.............            2013
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration:
        Operations, Research, and Facilities:
            National Ocean Service......................            1993
                Integrated Ocean Observatory System                 2013
                 Regional Observatory...................
                Coral Reef Conservation.................            2004
                Coastal Zone Management.................            1999
                Title IX Fund...........................            2019
                Marine Protection, Research,                        2005
                 Preservation & Sanctuaries.............
                Species Recovery Grants.................            1992
            National Marine Fisheries Service:
                Marine Mammal Protection................            1999
                NOAA Marine Fisheries Program...........            2000
                Interjurisdictional Fisheries...........            2012
                Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation               2013
                 and Management.........................
            Oceanic and Atmospheric Research:
                National Sea Grant College Program......            2014
                Climate Laboratories and Cooperative                1993
                 Institutes.............................
                Ocean Exploration Research..............            2015
                Ocean Acidification.....................            2012
        Procurement, Acquisition and Construction:
            National Ocean Service:
                Marine Protection, Research,                        2005
                 Preservation & Sanctuaries.............
Department of Justice:
    General Administration:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2009
        Justice Information Sharing Technology..........            2009
    Executive Office for Immigration Review:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2009
    Office of Inspector General:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2009
    U.S. Parole Commission:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2009
    Legal Activities:
        General Legal Activities:
            Salaries and Expenses.......................            2009
        Antitrust Division:
            Salaries and Expenses.......................            2009
        U.S. Attorneys:
            Salaries and Expenses.......................            2009
        Foreign Claims Settlement Commission:
            Salaries and Expenses.......................            2009
        Fees and Expenses of Witnesses..................            2009
        Community Relations Service:
            Salaries and Expenses.......................            2009
        Assets Forfeiture Fund Current Budget Authority.            2009
    U.S. Marshals Service...............................            2009
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2009
        Federal Prison Detention........................            2009
        Construction....................................            2009
    National Security Division:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................             n/a
    Interagency Law Enforcement:
        Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement..........            2009
    Federal Bureau of Investigation.....................            2009
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2009
        Construction....................................            2009
    Drug Enforcement Administration:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2009
    Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2009
    Federal Prison System...............................            2009
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2009
        Buildings and Facilities........................            2009
    Office on Violence Against Women Programs:
        STOP Grants.....................................            2018
        National Institute of Justice Research and                   n/a
         Evaluation on Violence Against Women...........
        Transitional Housing............................            2018
        Tribal Special Domestic Violence................            2018
        Consolidated Youth Oriented Program.............             n/a
            Homicide Reduction Initiative...............             n/a
        Grants to Encourage Arrest......................            2018
        Rape Survivor Child Custody Act.................            2018
        Research--Violence Against Indian Women.........            2015
        Sexual Assault in Indian Country Clearinghouse..             n/a
    Office of Justice Programs:
        Research, Evaluation, and Statistics:
            National Institute of Justice...............            1995
            Bureau of Justice Statistics................            1995
    State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance:
        Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants........            2012
            Body-Worn Camera Partnership................             n/a
            VALOR Initiative............................             n/a
            Smart Policing..............................             n/a
            Smart Prosecution...........................             n/a
        John R. Justice Grant Program...................            2014
        Adam Walsh Act..................................            2009
        State Criminal Alien Assistance Program.........            2011
        Smart Probation.................................             n/a
        Children of Incarcerated Parents Demo Grants....             n/a
        Pay for Success (Discretionary).................             n/a
        Pay for Success (Permanent Supportive Housing                n/a
         Model).........................................
        National Sex Offender Website...................             n/a
        Veterans Treatment Courts Program...............             n/a
        Rape Kit Backlog................................             n/a
        Justice Reinvestment Initiative.................             n/a
        Project HOPE Opportunity Probation with                      n/a
         Enforcement....................................
        Court Appointed Special Advocate................            2019
    Juvenile Justice Programs:
        Emergency Planning in Juvenile Justice                       n/a
         Facilities.....................................
    COPS Programs:
        COPS Hiring Program.............................            2009
        Regional Information Sharing Activities.........            2003
National Aeronautics and Space Administration:
    Science.............................................            2017
    Aeronautics.........................................            2017
    Exploration.........................................            2017
    Space Operations....................................            2017
    Education...........................................            2017
    Safety, Security and Mission Services...............            2017
    Construction and Environmental Compliance and                   2017
     Restoration........................................
    Office of the Inspector General.....................            2017
National Science Foundation.............................            2013
Related Agencies:
    U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2000
    Commission on Civil Rights:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            1995
    International Trade Commission:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2004
    Payment to the Legal Services Corporation:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            1980
    Marine Mammal Commission:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            1999
    Office of the U.S. Trade Representative:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2004
    State Justice Institute:
        Salaries and Expenses...........................            2008
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\NOAA authorizations are spread across over 60 separate statutory
  authorities. In many cases, the authorizations do not match exactly to
  specific programs.


COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(c), RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, on September 26, 
2019, the Committee ordered favorably reported a bill (S. 2584) 
making appropriations for the Departments of Commerce and 
Justice, Science, and Related Agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2020, and for other purposes, provided, 
that the bill be subject to amendment and that the bill be 
consistent with its budget allocation, and provided that the 
Chairman of the Committee or his designee be authorized to 
offer the substance of the original bill as a Committee 
amendment in the nature of a substitute to the House companion 
measure, by a recorded vote of 31-0, a quorum being present. 
The vote was as follows:
        Yeas                          Nays
Chairman Shelby
Mr. McConnell
Mr. Alexander
Ms. Collins
Ms. Murkowski
Mr. Graham
Mr. Blunt
Mr. Moran
Mr. Hoeven
Mr. Boozman
Mrs. Capito
Mr. Kennedy
Mrs. Hyde-Smith
Mr. Daines
Mr. Rubio
Mr. Lankford
Mr. Leahy
Mrs. Murray
Mrs. Feinstein
Mr. Durbin
Mr. Reed
Mr. Tester
Mr. Udall
Mrs. Shaheen
Mr. Merkley
Mr. Coons
Mr. Schatz
Ms. Baldwin
Mr. Murphy
Mr. Manchin
Mr. Van Hollen

 COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 12 of the rule XXVI requires that Committee 
reports on a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any 
statute or part of any statute include ``(a) the text of the 
statute or part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and 
(b) a comparative print of that part of the bill or joint 
resolution making the amendment and of the statute or part 
thereof proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through 
type and italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate 
typographical devices the omissions and insertions which would 
be made by the bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form 
recommended by the Committee.''
    In compliance with this rule, no changes to existing law 
are displayed because this bill proposes no changes.
                                ------                                


                        BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL


  PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS
                                                     AMENDED
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Budget authority                 Outlays
                                                         -------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee    Amount  in     Committee    Amount  in
                                                           allocation       bill       allocation       bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with the subcommittee
 allocation for 2020: Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice,
 Science, and Related Agencies:
    Mandatory...........................................          336           336           329        \1\329
    Discretionary.......................................       70,833        73,333        74,452     \1\76,252
        Security........................................        5,695         5,695            NA            NA
        Nonsecurity.....................................       65,138        67,638            NA            NA
Projection of outlays associated with the
 recommendation:
    2020................................................  ............  ............  ............    \2\49,682
    2021................................................  ............  ............  ............       17,550
    2022................................................  ............  ............  ............        5,665
    2023................................................  ............  ............  ............        2,692
    2024 and future years...............................  ............  ............  ............        3,323
Financial assistance to State and local governments for            NA        -2,773            NA         \2\59
 2020...................................................
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
\2\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
 
NA: Not applicable.
 
NOTE.--Consistent with the funding recommended in the bill for the 2020 Census and in accordance with
  subparagraph (G) of section 251(b)(2) of the BBEDCA of 1985, the Committee anticipates that the Budget
  Committee will provide a revised 302(a) allocation for the Committee on Appropriations reflecting an upward
  adjustment of $2,500,000,000 in budget authority plus associated outlays.


  COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2019 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL
                                                                        YEAR 2020
                                                                [In thousands of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                        Senate Committee recommendation
                                                                                                                            compared  with (+ or -)
                             Item                                     2019         Budget estimate      Committee    -----------------------------------
                                                                  appropriation                      recommendation         2019
                                                                                                                        appropriation    Budget estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
 
              International Trade Administration
 
Operations and administration.................................          495,000           471,096           521,250           +26,250           +50,154
Offsetting fee collections....................................          -11,000           -11,000           -11,000   ................  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation....................................          484,000           460,096           510,250           +26,250           +50,154
 
                Bureau of Industry and Security
 
Operations and administration.................................           79,050            87,652            87,652            +8,602   ................
    Defense function..........................................           39,000            40,000            40,000            +1,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Bureau of Industry and Security..................          118,050           127,652           127,652            +9,602   ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
              Economic Development Administration
 
Economic Development Assistance Programs......................          265,000   ................          279,500           +14,500          +279,500
Salaries and expenses.........................................           39,000            29,950            40,000            +1,000           +10,050
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Economic Development Administration..............          304,000            29,950           319,500           +15,500          +289,550
                                                               =========================================================================================
             Minority Business Development Agency
 
Minority Business Development.................................           40,000            10,000            40,000   ................          +30,000
 
               Economic and Statistical Analysis
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................          101,000           107,990           107,000            +6,000              -990
 
                     Bureau of the Census
 
Current Surveys and Programs..................................          270,000           264,005           274,000            +4,000            +9,995
Periodic censuses and programs................................        3,551,388         5,885,400         4,784,319        +1,232,931        -1,101,081
2020 Census (H. Res. 293; HR 2021; Public Law 116-37).........  ................  ................        2,500,000        +2,500,000        +2,500,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal................................................        3,551,388         5,885,400         7,284,319        +3,732,931        +1,398,919
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Bureau of the Census.............................        3,821,388         6,149,405         7,558,319        +3,736,931        +1,408,914
                                                               =========================================================================================
  National Telecommunications and Information Administration
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................           39,500            42,441            42,441            +2,941   ................
 
           United States Patent and Trademark Office
 
Salaries and expenses, current year fee funding...............        3,370,000         3,450,681         3,450,681           +80,681   ................
Offsetting fee collections....................................       -3,370,000        -3,450,681        -3,450,681           -80,681   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States Patent and Trademark Office........  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
        National Institute of Standards and Technology
 
Scientific and Technical Research and Services................          724,500           611,719           753,500           +29,000          +141,781
Industrial Technology Services................................          155,000            15,172           161,500            +6,500          +146,328
    Manufacturing extension partnerships......................         (140,000)  ................         (145,500)          (+5,500)        (+145,500)
    National Network for Manufacturing Innovation.............          (15,000)          (15,172)          (16,000)          (+1,000)            (+828)
Construction of research facilities...........................          106,000            40,690           123,000           +17,000           +82,310
    (Legislative Proposal)....................................  ................          288,000   ................  ................         -288,000
Working Capital Fund (by transfer)............................           (9,000)           (9,000)           (9,000)  ................  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Institute of Standards and Technology...          985,500           955,581         1,038,000           +52,500           +82,419
                                                               =========================================================================================
        National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
 
Operations, Research, and Facilities..........................        3,596,997         3,058,383         3,727,466          +130,469          +669,083
    (By transfer).............................................         (157,980)         (158,407)         (174,774)         (+16,794)         (+16,367)
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal................................................        3,596,997         3,058,383         3,727,466          +130,469          +669,083
 
Procurement, Acquisition and Construction.....................        1,755,349         1,406,236         1,552,528          -202,821          +146,292
Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery...............................           65,000   ................           65,000   ................          +65,000
Fishermen's Contingency Fund..................................              349               349               349   ................  ................
Fishery Disaster Assistance...................................           15,000   ................  ................          -15,000   ................
Fisheries Finance Program Account.............................           -8,000            -8,000            -8,000   ................  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration..        5,424,695         4,456,968         5,337,343           -87,352          +880,375
                                                               =========================================================================================
                    Departmental Management
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................           63,000            79,107            61,000            -2,000           -18,107
Renovation and Modernization..................................  ................            1,100             1,000            +1,000              -100
Office of Inspector General...................................           32,744            33,043            32,744   ................             -299
    Public Safety Trust Fund transfer.........................  ................  ................           (2,000)          (+2,000)          (+2,000)
Business Application System Modernization.....................  ................           22,000            22,000           +22,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Departmental Management..........................           95,744           135,250           116,744           +21,000           -18,506
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title I, Department of Commerce..................       11,413,877        12,475,333        15,197,249        +3,783,372        +2,721,916
          (By transfer).......................................          166,980           167,407           185,774           +18,794           +18,367
                                                               =========================================================================================
                TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
 
                    General Administration
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................          113,000           114,740           114,740            +1,740   ................
Justice Information Sharing Technology........................           32,000            33,875            33,875            +1,875   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, General Administration...........................          145,000           148,615           148,615            +3,615   ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
Executive Office for Immigration Review.......................          563,407           672,966           672,966          +109,559   ................
    Transfer from immigration examinations fee account........           -4,000            -4,000            -4,000   ................  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Direct appropriation..................................          559,407           668,966           668,966          +109,559   ................
Office of Inspector General...................................          101,000           101,646           105,000            +4,000            +3,354
 
                United States Parole Commission
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................           13,000            13,308            13,308              +308   ................
 
                       Legal Activities
 
Salaries and expenses, general legal activities...............          904,000           927,453           924,000           +20,000            -3,453
Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund........................           10,000            13,000            13,000            +3,000   ................
Salaries and expenses, Antitrust Division.....................          164,977           166,755           166,755            +1,778   ................
    Offsetting fee collections--current year..................         -136,000          -141,000          -141,000            -5,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Direct appropriation..................................           28,977            25,755            25,755            -3,222   ................
Salaries and expenses, United States Attorneys................        2,212,000         2,254,541         2,278,360           +66,360           +23,819
United States Trustee System Fund.............................          226,000           227,229           227,229            +1,229   ................
    Offsetting fee collections................................         -360,000          -309,000          -309,000           +51,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Direct appropriation..................................         -134,000           -81,771           -81,771           +52,229   ................
Salaries and expenses, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission...            2,409             2,335             2,335               -74   ................
Fees and expenses of witnesses................................          270,000           270,000           270,000   ................  ................
Salaries and expenses, Community Relations Service............           15,500   ................           16,000              +500           +16,000
Assets Forfeiture Fund........................................           20,514            20,514            20,514   ................  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Legal Activities.................................        3,329,400         3,431,827         3,468,193          +138,793           +36,366
                                                               =========================================================================================
                United States Marshals Service
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................        1,358,000         1,373,416         1,410,000           +52,000           +36,584
Construction..................................................           15,000            14,971            17,000            +2,000            +2,029
Federal Prisoner Detention....................................        1,552,397         1,867,461         1,867,461          +315,064   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States Marshals Service...................        2,925,397         3,255,848         3,294,461          +369,064           +38,613
                                                               =========================================================================================
                  National Security Division
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................          101,369           109,585           110,000            +8,631              +415
 
                  Interagency Law Enforcement
 
Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement........................          560,000           550,458           550,458            -9,542   ................
 
                Federal Bureau of Investigation
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................        3,729,250         3,755,738         3,841,128          +111,878           +85,390
    Counterintelligence and national security.................        5,462,887         5,501,689         5,626,774          +163,887          +125,085
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Salaries and expenses.........................        9,192,137         9,257,427         9,467,902          +275,765          +210,475
 
Construction..................................................          385,000            51,895           485,000          +100,000          +433,105
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Bureau of Investigation..................        9,577,137         9,309,322         9,952,902          +375,765          +643,580
                                                               =========================================================================================
                Drug Enforcement Administration
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................        2,687,703         2,722,295         2,783,152           +95,449           +60,857
    Diversion control fund....................................         -420,703          -443,142          -443,142           -22,439   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Drug Enforcement Administration..................        2,267,000         2,279,153         2,340,010           +73,010           +60,857
                                                               =========================================================================================
High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas Program.................  ................          254,000   ................  ................         -254,000
 
      Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................        1,316,678         1,368,440         1,370,000           +53,322            +1,560
 
                     Federal Prison System
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................        7,250,000         7,061,953         7,470,000          +220,000          +408,047
Buildings and facilities......................................          264,000            99,205           290,000           +26,000          +190,795
Limitation on administrative expenses, Federal Prison                     2,700             2,700             2,700   ................  ................
 Industries, Incorporated.....................................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Prison System............................        7,516,700         7,163,858         7,762,700          +246,000          +598,842
                                                               =========================================================================================
          State and Local Law Enforcement Activities
 
Office on Violence Against Women:
    Prevention and prosecution programs.......................  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................
        (By transfer).........................................         (497,500)  ................         (500,000)          (+2,500)        (+500,000)
 
Office of Justice Programs:
    Research, evaluation and statistics.......................           80,000            94,500            80,000   ................          -14,500
    State and local law enforcement assistance................        1,723,000         1,482,200         1,789,790           +66,790          +307,590
    Juvenile justice programs.................................          287,000           238,500           315,000           +28,000           +76,500
    Public safety officer benefits:
        Death benefits........................................          104,000           117,000           117,000           +13,000   ................
        Disability and education benefits.....................           24,800            24,800            24,800   ................  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal............................................          128,800           141,800           141,800           +13,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Office of Justice Programs...................        2,218,800         1,957,000         2,326,590          +107,790          +369,590
                                                               =========================================================================================
 
Community Oriented Policing Services:
    COPS programs.............................................          303,500   ................          335,000           +31,500          +335,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, State and Local Law Enforcement Activities.......        2,522,300         1,957,000         2,661,590          +139,290          +704,590
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title II, Department of Justice..................       30,934,388        30,612,026        32,446,203        +1,511,815        +1,834,177
                                                               =========================================================================================
                      TITLE III--SCIENCE
 
Office of Science and Technology Policy.......................            5,544             5,000             5,544   ................             +544
National Space Council........................................            1,965             1,870             1,965   ................              +95
 
         National Aeronautics and Space Administration
 
Science.......................................................        6,905,700         6,393,700         6,905,700   ................         +512,000
Aeronautics...................................................          725,000           666,900           783,900           +58,900          +117,000
Space Technology..............................................          926,900   ................        1,076,400          +149,500        +1,076,400
Exploration Technology........................................  ................        1,146,300   ................  ................       -1,146,300
Exploration...................................................        5,050,800   ................        6,222,600        +1,171,800        +6,222,600
Deep Space Exploration Systems................................  ................        6,396,400   ................  ................       -6,396,400
Space Operations..............................................        4,639,100   ................        4,150,200          -488,900        +4,150,200
LEO and Spaceflight Operations................................  ................        4,285,700   ................  ................       -4,285,700
Science, Technology Engineering, and Mathematics Engagement...          110,000   ................          112,000            +2,000          +112,000
Safety, Security and Mission Services.........................        2,755,000         3,084,600         2,934,800          +179,800          -149,800
Construction and environmental compliance and restoration.....          348,200           600,400           524,400          +176,200           -76,000
Office of Inspector General...................................           39,300            41,700            40,000              +700            -1,700
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Aeronautics and Space Administration....       21,500,000        22,615,700        22,750,000        +1,250,000          +134,300
                                                               =========================================================================================
                  National Science Foundation
 
Research and related activities...............................        6,449,000         5,591,960         6,698,670          +249,670        +1,106,710
    Defense function..........................................           71,000            71,000            71,000   ................  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal................................................        6,520,000         5,662,960         6,769,670          +249,670        +1,106,710
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction..........          295,740           223,230           253,230           -42,510           +30,000
Education and Human Resources.................................          910,000           823,470           937,000           +27,000          +113,530
Agency Operations and Award Management........................          329,540           336,890           336,900            +7,360               +10
Office of the National Science Board..........................            4,370             4,100             4,500              +130              +400
Office of Inspector General...................................           15,350            15,350            15,700              +350              +350
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Science Foundation......................        8,075,000         7,066,000         8,317,000          +242,000        +1,251,000
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title III, Science...............................       29,582,509        29,688,570        31,074,509        +1,492,000        +1,385,939
                                                               =========================================================================================
                  TITLE IV--RELATED AGENCIES
 
                  Commission on Civil Rights
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................           10,065             9,200            10,200              +135            +1,000
 
            Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................          379,500           355,800           384,500            +5,000           +28,700
 
                International Trade Commission
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................           95,000            91,100            99,400            +4,400            +8,300
 
                  Legal Services Corporation
 
Payment to the Legal Services Corporation.....................          415,000            18,200           425,500           +10,500          +407,300
 
                   Marine Mammal Commission
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................            3,516             2,449             3,616              +100            +1,167
 
            Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................           53,000            59,000            54,000            +1,000            -5,000
Trade Enforcement Trust Fund..................................           15,000            10,000            15,000   ................           +5,000
 
                    State Justice Institute
 
Salaries and expenses.........................................            5,971             6,555             6,300              +329              -255
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, title IV, Related Agencies.......................          977,052           552,304           998,516           +21,464          +446,212
                                                               =========================================================================================
                  TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS
 
DOC National Institute of Standards and Technology, Technology           -2,000   ................  ................           +2,000   ................
 Innovation Program (rescission)..............................
Economic Development Assistance Programs (rescission).........          -10,000           -35,000           -10,000   ................          +25,000
NOAA, Fisheries, Enforcement Asset Forfeiture Fund              ................  ................           -5,000            -5,000            -5,000
 (rescission).................................................
DOC International Trade Administrations, Operations and         ................           -3,000   ................  ................           +3,000
 Administrations Program (recission)..........................
DOJ, Working Capital Fund (rescission)........................         -151,000          -100,000          -100,000           +51,000   ................
DOJ, Assets Forfeiture Fund (rescission, permanent)...........         -674,000   ................  ................         +674,000   ................
 
FBI, Salaries and Expenses:
    Nondefense (rescission)...................................          -50,439           -24,342           -29,200           +21,239            -4,858
    Defense (rescission)......................................          -73,887           -35,658           -42,774           +31,113            -7,116
FBI, Construction (rescission)................................  ................         -159,000   ................  ................         +159,000
Federal Prison System, Buildings and Facilities (rescission)..  ................         -505,000   ................  ................         +505,000
Violence against women prevention and prosecution programs              -10,000   ................  ................          +10,000   ................
 (rescission).................................................
Office of Justice programs (rescission).......................          -70,000           -85,000           -70,000   ................          +15,000
COPS (rescission).............................................          -16,500   ................  ................          +16,500   ................
NASA closeouts (rescission)...................................           -3,000   ................  ................           +3,000   ................
NASA Science (rescission).....................................  ................  ................          -70,000           -70,000           -70,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, title V, General Provisions......................       -1,060,826          -947,000          -326,974          +733,852          +620,026
          Appropriations......................................  ................          (-3,000)  ................  ................          (+3,000)
          Rescissions.........................................      (-1,060,826)        (-944,000)        (-326,974)        (+733,852)        (+617,026)
      (By transfer)...........................................  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
                     OTHER APPROPRIATIONS
 
ADDITIONAL SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT FOR DISASTER RELIEF
                           ACT, 2019
 
              Economic Development Administration
 
Economic Development Assistance Program (emergency)...........          600,000   ................  ................         -600,000   ................
 
         National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration
 
Operations, Research and Facilities (emergency)...............          120,570   ................  ................         -120,570   ................
Procurement, Acquisition and Construction (emergency).........           25,000   ................  ................          -25,000   ................
Fishery Disaster Assistance (emergency).......................          150,000   ................  ................         -150,000   ................
 
                     DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
 
U.S. Marshals Service: salaries and expenses (emergency)......            1,336   ................  ................           -1,336   ................
Federal Prison System: buildings and Facilities (emergency)...           28,400   ................  ................          -28,400   ................
 
                       Related Agencies
 
Payment to the Legal Services Corporation (emegency)..........           15,000   ................  ................          -15,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Additional Supplemental Appropriations for                 940,306   ................  ................         -940,306   ................
       Disaster Relief Act, 2019..............................
                                                               =========================================================================================
  EMERGENCY SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT FOR HUMANITARIAN
   ASSISTANCE AND SECURITY AT THE SOUTHERN BORDER ACT, 2019
 
Department of Justice: Excutive Office of Immigration Review             65,000   ................  ................          -65,000   ................
 (emergency)..................................................
United State Marshal Service: Federal Prisoner Detention                155,000   ................  ................         -155,000   ................
 (emergency)..................................................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for                  220,000   ................  ................         -220,000   ................
       Humanitarian Assistance and Security at the Southern
       Boarder Act, 2019......................................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Other Appropriations.............................        1,160,306   ................  ................       -1,160,306   ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Grand total.............................................       73,007,306        72,381,233        79,389,503        +6,382,197        +7,008,270
          Appropriations......................................      (72,907,826)      (73,325,233)      (77,216,477)      (+4,308,651)      (+3,891,244)
          Rescissions.........................................      (-1,060,826)        (-944,000)        (-326,974)        (+733,852)        (+617,026)
          Emergency appropriations............................       (1,160,306)  ................       (2,500,000)      (+1,339,694)      (+2,500,000)
      (By transfer)...........................................          664,480           167,407           685,774           +21,294          +518,367
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                             [all]