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                                                       Calendar No. 385
116th Congress }                                            { Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session    }                                            { 116-208

======================================================================

 
                     CLEAN ENERGY JOBS ACT OF 2019

                                _______
                                

                January 28, 2020.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

  Ms. Murkowski, from the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                         [To accompany S. 2393]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, to which was 
referred the bill (S. 2393) to promote a 21st century energy 
workforce, and for other purposes, having considered the same, 
reports favorably thereon with an amendment in the nature of a 
substitute and recommends that the bill, as amended, do pass.

                               AMENDMENT

    The amendment is as follows:
    Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Clean Energy Jobs Act of 2019''.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
          (1) Apprenticeship.--The term ``apprenticeship'' means an 
        apprenticeship registered under the Act of August 16, 1937 (29 
        U.S.C. 50 et seq.) (commonly known as the ``National 
        Apprenticeship Act'').
          (2) Energy-related industry.--The term ``energy-related 
        industry'' means an industry in which a substantial quantity of 
        economic activity, in the determination of the Secretary, is 
        economic activity relating to----
                  (A) clean energy generation, transmission, 
                distribution, consumption, storage, and conservation;
                  (B) carbon capture;
                  (C) fuels production or transportation; or
                  (D) community energy resilience.
          (3) Institution of higher education.--The term ``institution 
        of higher education'' has the meaning given the term in section 
        101 and subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 102(a)(1) of the 
        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001, 1002(a)(1)).
          (4) Labor organization.--The term ``labor organization'' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 2 of the National Labor 
        Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 152).
          (5) Local educational agency.--The term ``local educational 
        agency'' has the meaning given the term in section 8101 of the 
        Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        7801).
          (6) Local workforce development board.--The term ``local 
        workforce development board'' has the meaning given the term 
        ``local board'' in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).
          (7) Minority serving institution.--The term ``minority-
        serving institution'' means----
                  (A) a Hispanic-serving institution (as defined in 
                section 502(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1101a(a)));
                  (B) a Tribal College or University (as defined in 
                section 316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1059c(b)));
                  (C) an Alaska Native-serving institution (as defined 
                in section 317(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                (20 U.S.C. 1059d(b)));
                  (D) a Native Hawaiian-serving institution (as defined 
                in section 317(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                (20 U.S.C. 1059d(b)));
                  (E) a Predominantly Black Institution (as defined in 
                section 318(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1059e(b)));
                  (F) a Native American-serving nontribal institution 
                (as defined in section 319(b) of the Higher Education 
                Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1059f(b))); and
                  (G) an Asian American and Native American Pacific 
                Islander-serving institution (as defined in section 
                320(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                1059g(b))).
          (8) Secondary school.--The term ``secondary school'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 8101 of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
          (9) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        Energy.
          (10) State educational agency.--The term ``State educational 
        agency'' has the meaning given the term in section 8101 of the 
        Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        7801).
          (11) State workforce development board.--The term ``State 
        workforce development board'' has the meaning given the term 
        ``State board'' in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).
          (12) Workforce development program.--The term ``workforce 
        development program'' has the meaning given the term in section 
        3 of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 
        3102).

SEC. 3. ENERGY WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish and carry out a 
comprehensive and nationwide program (referred to in this section as 
the ``program'') in accordance with this section to improve education 
and training for jobs in energy-related industries (including 
manufacturing, engineering, construction, and retrofitting jobs in 
energy-related industries) to increase the number of skilled workers 
trained to work in energy-related industries with existing or expected 
worker shortages.
    (b) Workforce Development.----
          (1) In general.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
        shall--
                  (A) encourage underrepresented groups, including 
                religious and ethnic minorities, women, veterans, 
                individuals with disabilities, unemployed energy 
                workers, and socioeconomically disadvantaged 
                individuals, to enter into science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics fields;
                  (B) encourage secondary schools and institutions of 
                higher education to equip students with the skills, 
                training, and technical expertise necessary to fill 
                existing or expected worker shortages in energy-related 
                industries;
                  (C) provide internships, fellowships, traineeships, 
                and apprenticeships at the Department of Energy, 
                including at National Laboratories;
                  (D) provide energy workforce-related research grants 
                and technical assistance to institutions of higher 
                education, with priority given to minority-serving 
                institutions;
                  (E) provide students and other candidates for 
                employment with the necessary skills and certifications 
                for high-skill, high-wage, or in-demand jobs in energy-
                related industries;
                  (F) ensure that the program is in alignment with the 
                Minorities in Energy Initiative of the Department of 
                Energy;
                  (G) engage with other programs that are carrying out 
                the Minorities in Energy Initiative of the Department 
                of Energy; and
                  (H) to the maximum extent practicable, collaborate 
                with and support State workforce development programs 
                to maximize the efficiency of the program.
          (2) Priority.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
        shall prioritize the education and training of underrepresented 
        groups for jobs in energy-related industries.
    (c) Direct Assistance.--
          (1) In general.--To carry out the program, the Secretary 
        shall provide direct assistance (including financial assistance 
        awards, technical expertise, and guidance) to local educational 
        agencies, local workforce development boards, State educational 
        agencies, State workforce development boards, institutions of 
        higher education, nonprofit organizations, labor organizations, 
        and apprenticeship programs.
          (2) Distribution.--The Secretary shall distribute direct 
        assistance under paragraph (1) in a manner that--
                  (A) is reflective of the needs of, and demand for 
                jobs in, an energy-related industry; and
                  (B) is consistent with the information obtained under 
                subsections (e)(4) and (j).
    (d) Resource Center.--The Secretary shall establish an online 
resource center--
          (1) to maintain and update information and resources on 
        training programs for jobs in energy-related industries 
        (including manufacturing, engineering, construction, and 
        retrofitting jobs in energy-related industries); and
          (2) as a resource for local educational agencies, State 
        educational agencies, institutions of higher education, local 
        workforce development boards, State workforce development 
        boards, nonprofit organizations, labor organizations, and 
        apprenticeship programs working to develop and implement 
        training programs for the jobs described in paragraph (1).
    (e) Collaboration and Report.--In carrying out the program, the 
Secretary shall--
          (1) collaborate with local educational agencies, State 
        educational agencies, institutions of higher education, local 
        workforce development boards, State workforce development 
        boards, nonprofit organizations, labor organizations, 
        apprenticeship programs, and energy-related industries;
          (2) facilitate the sharing of best practices and approaches 
        that best suit local, State, and national needs;
          (3) encourage and foster collaboration, mentorship, and 
        partnership between--
                  (A) industry, local workforce development boards, 
                State workforce development boards, nonprofit 
                organizations, labor organizations, and apprenticeship 
                programs that provide effective training programs for 
                jobs in energy-related industries; and
                  (B) local educational agencies, State educational 
                agencies, and institutions of higher education that 
                seek to establish those programs; and
          (4) collaborate with the Secretary of Labor, the Commissioner 
        of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Secretary of Commerce, 
        the Director of the Bureau of the Census, and energy-related 
        industries--
                  (A) to develop a comprehensive and detailed 
                understanding of the workforce needs of, and job 
                opportunities in, energy-related industries, by State 
                and by region; and
                  (B) to publish an annual report on job creation in 
                the sectors of energy-related industries identified 
                under subsection (j)(1).
    (f) Best Practices for Educational Institutions.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary, in collaboration with the 
        Secretary of Education, the Secretary of Commerce, the 
        Secretary of Labor, and the Director of the National Science 
        Foundation, shall develop and provide to local educational 
        agencies, State educational agencies, or institutions of higher 
        education best practices for providing postsecondary students 
        with skills necessary for jobs in energy-related industries 
        (including manufacturing, engineering, construction, and 
        retrofitting jobs in energy-related industries).
          (2) Input from industry.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall solicit input from energy-related industries, 
        especially energy-related industries with existing or expected 
        worker shortages.
          (3) Stem education.--The best practices developed under this 
        subsection shall promote education in science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics as it relates to job opportunities 
        in the sectors of energy-related industries identified under 
        subsection (j)(1).
          (4) Energy efficiency and community energy resiliency 
        initiatives.--The Secretary shall develop and provide best 
        practices for teaching elementary and secondary students and 
        the families of those students about energy efficiency and 
        community energy resiliency.
    (g) Outreach to Minority-Serving Institutions.--The Secretary 
shall--
          (1) give special consideration to increasing outreach to 
        minority-serving institutions;
          (2) make resources available to minority-serving institutions 
        to increase the number of skilled minorities and women 
        qualified for jobs in energy-related industries (including 
        manufacturing, engineering, construction, and retrofitting jobs 
        in energy-related industries);
          (3) encourage energy-related industries to improve 
        opportunities for students of minority-serving institutions to 
        participate in industry internships and cooperative work-study 
        programs; and
          (4) work with the Directors of the National Laboratories to 
        increase the participation of underrepresented groups in 
        internships, fellowships, training programs, and employment at 
        those laboratories.
    (h) Outreach to Displaced and Unemployed Energy Workers.--The 
Secretary shall--
          (1) give special consideration to increasing outreach to 
        employers and job trainers preparing displaced and unemployed 
        energy workers for emerging jobs in energy-related industries 
        (including manufacturing, engineering, construction, and 
        retrofitting jobs in energy-related industries);
          (2) make resources available to institutions that serve 
        displaced and unemployed energy workers to increase the number 
        of individuals trained for jobs in energy-related industries 
        (including manufacturing, engineering, construction, and 
        retrofitting jobs in energy-related industries); and
          (3) encourage energy-related industries to improve 
        opportunities for displaced and unemployed energy workers to 
        participate in industry internships and cooperative work-study 
        programs.
    (i) Enrollment in Training and Apprenticeship Programs.--The 
Secretary shall collaborate with industry, local workforce development 
boards, State workforce development boards, nonprofit organizations, 
labor organizations, and apprenticeship programs to help identify 
students and other candidates, including from underrepresented 
communities such as minorities, women, and veterans, to enroll in 
training and apprenticeship programs for jobs in energy-related 
industries.
    (j) Guidelines to Develop Skills for an Energy Industry 
Workforce.--The Secretary shall, in collaboration with energy-related 
industries, identify the sectors within each energy-related industry 
that have the greatest demand for workers and develop guidelines for 
the skills necessary to work in those sectors.
    (k) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section authorizes any 
department, agency, officer, or employee of the Federal government to 
exercise any direction, supervision, or control over--
          (1) the curriculum, program of instruction, or instructional 
        content of any State, local educational agency, or school; or
          (2) the selection of library resources, textbooks, or other 
        printed or published instructional materials used by any State, 
        local educational agency, or school.

SEC. 4. ENERGY WORKFORCE PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means a 
        business or labor management organization that--
                  (A)(i) is directly involved with energy efficiency, 
                renewable energy technology, or reduction in greenhouse 
                gas emissions, as determined by the Secretary; or
                  (ii) works on behalf of a business or labor 
                management organization that is directly involved with 
                energy efficiency, renewable energy technology, or 
                reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, as determined by 
                the Secretary; or
                  (B) provides services related to--
                          (i) energy efficiency and renewable energy 
                        technology deployment and maintenance;
                          (ii) grid modernization; or
                          (iii) reduction in greenhouse gas emissions 
                        through the use of other low-carbon 
                        technologies.
          (2) Labor management organization.--The term ``labor 
        management organization'' includes a nonprofit organization or 
        qualified youth or conservation corps that provides training to 
        individuals to work for an eligible entity that is a business, 
        or works on behalf of an eligible entity that is a business.
          (3) Pilot program.--The term ``pilot program'' means the 
        pilot program established under subsection (b).
    (b) Establishment.--The Secretary of Labor, in consultation with 
the Secretary and in accordance with section 169(b) of the Workforce 
Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3224(b)), shall establish a 
pilot program to provide competitively awarded cost-shared grants to 
eligible entities to pay for on-the-job training of a new or existing 
employee to work--
          (1) in renewable energy, energy efficiency, or grid 
        modernization; or
          (2) on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
    (c) Grants.--
          (1) In general.--An eligible entity desiring a grant under 
        the pilot program shall submit to the Secretary of Labor an 
        application at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information as the Secretary of Labor may require.
          (2) Priority for targeted communities.--In providing grants 
        under the pilot program, the Secretary of Labor shall give 
        priority to an eligible entity that--
                  (A) recruits employees--
                          (i) from the 1 or more communities that are 
                        served by the eligible entity; and
                          (ii) that are minorities, women, veterans, 
                        individuals who are or were foster children, or 
                        individuals who are transitioning from fossil 
                        energy sector jobs;
                  (B) provides trainees with the opportunity to obtain 
                real-world experience; and
                  (C) has fewer than 100 employees.
          (3) Use of grant for federal share.--
                  (A) In general.--An eligible entity shall use a grant 
                received under the pilot program to pay the Federal 
                share of the cost of providing on-the-job training for 
                an employee, in accordance with subparagraph (B).
                  (B) Federal share amount.--The Federal share 
                described in subparagraph (A) shall not exceed--
                          (i) in the case of an eligible entity with 20 
                        or fewer employees, 45 percent of the cost of 
                        on-the-job-training for an employee;
                          (ii) in the case of an eligible entity with 
                        not fewer than 21 employees and not more than 
                        99 employees, 37.5 percent of the cost of on-
                        the-job-training for an employee; and
                          (iii) in the case of an eligible entity with 
                        not fewer than 100 employees, 25 percent of the 
                        cost of on-the-job-training for an employee.
          (4) Employer payment of non federal share.--
                  (A) In general.--The non-Federal share of the cost of 
                providing on-the-job training for an employee under a 
                grant received under the pilot program shall be paid in 
                cash or in kind by the employer of the employee 
                receiving the training.
                  (B) Inclusions.--The non-Federal share described in 
                subparagraph (A) may include the amount of wages paid 
                by the employer to the employee during the time that 
                the employee is receiving on-the-job training, as 
                fairly evaluated by the Secretary of Labor.
          (5) Grant amount.--An eligible entity may not receive more 
        than $100,000 per fiscal year in grant funds under the pilot 
        program.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $15,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2022.

                                PURPOSE

    The purpose of S. 2393 is to promote a 21st century energy 
workforce.

                          BACKGROUND AND NEED

    The 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report found that 
energy and energy efficiency industries in the United States 
employed 6.4 million Americans in 2016. A later report led by 
the National Association of State Energy Officials and the 
Energy Futures Initiative, which used the same methodology, 
found that that figure had increased to 6.7 million jobs by the 
end of 2018.
    The 2017 report found that 73 percent of energy-related 
industries reported difficulty hiring qualified workers over 
the last 12 months, and that 26 percent report found it very 
difficult. As the energy sector grows increasingly more 
diverse, a wider variety of technical qualifications and 
skillsets will be required. The Department of Energy's (DOE) 
second installment of the Quadrennial Energy Review found that 
workforce retirement is a particularly large issue for the 
electric power industry due to a dip in workforce training 
programs in the 1980s that will lead to a gap in upper 
management following the retirement of baby boomers. The 2017 
report also noted that energy employment is less diverse on 
average than other industries, with women representing 22 to 34 
percent of workforce, compared to the U.S. average of 47 
percent.
    Traditionally, DOE's role in workforce development has 
focused on research investments that support students and 
universities and the national laboratories. DOE also sponsors 
scholarships and funding for education from K-12 education 
through postdoctoral fellowships. Each of the national 
laboratories also has outreach programs dedicated to education 
and workforce development.
    S. 2393 would create a comprehensive DOE strategy and 
program to conduct energy education and outreach to educational 
institutions and businesses. It also establishes a pilot 
program at the Department of Labor to train energy sector 
employees and increase the participation of women and 
minorities throughout the industry.

                          LEGISLATIVE HISTORY

    S. 2393 was introduced by Senators Heinrich, Manchin, and 
Booker on July 31, 2019. The Subcommittee on Energy held a 
hearing on the measure on September 11, 2019.
    In the 115th Congress, a similar bill, S. 895, was 
introduced by Senators Heinrich and Booker on April 7, 2017.
    The Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources met in 
open business session on December 12, 2019, and ordered S. 2393 
favorably reported, as amended.

                        COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

    The Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, in 
open business session on December 12, 2019, by a majority voice 
vote of a quorum present, recommends that the Senate pass S. 
2393, if amended as described herein. Senator Lee asked to be 
recorded as voting no.

                          COMMITTEE AMENDMENT

    During its consideration of S. 2393, the Committee adopted 
a joint staff amendment in the nature of a substitute.
    The substitute amendment amends the definitions in section 
2 to remove the terms ``educational institution'' and 
``elementary school'' and define the terms ``local educational 
agency,'' ``local workforce development board,'' and ``state 
educational agency.'' It also amends the definition of the term 
``institution of higher education'' to match that given in the 
Workforce Innovation Opportunity Act of 2013 (WIOA, Public Law 
113-128) and modifies the definition for the term ``energy-
related industry.''
    The substitute amendment modifies section 3(b) by removing 
elementary schools from the provision on skills, training, and 
technical expertise. It also amends section 3(c) by changing 
the recipients of direct assistance from educational 
institutions to local educational agencies, State educational 
agencies, and institutions of higher education.
    The substitute amendment modifies sections 3(d) and (e) by 
replacing the term ``educational institutions'' with ``local 
educational agencies,'' ``State educational agencies,'' and 
``institutions of higher education.'' In subsection (e), the 
substitute amendment also adds the Secretary of Labor to the 
list of agencies the Secretary of Energy (Secretary) must 
collaborate with on the energy workforce program.
    The substitute amendment modifies section 3(f) by replacing 
``guidelines'' with ``best practices'' in each place it 
appears. It adds a priority on soliciting input from energy-
related industries with existing or expected worker shortages. 
It also reduces the specificity of energy efficiency and 
conservation initiatives required to be taught to elementary 
and secondary students.
    The substitute amendment modifies section 3(j) by replacing 
the enumerated list of energy-related industries that the 
Secretary must develop skill guidelines for with a requirement 
that the Secretary develop guidelines for the sectors in each 
energy-related field that have the greatest demand for workers.
    The substitute amendment adds a new section 3(k), entitled 
``Rule of Construction,'' which makes clear that the Federal 
government is not authorized to exercise any direction, 
supervision, or control over the educational programs or any 
instructional materials of a State, local educational agency, 
or school.
    The substitute amendment reclassifies section 4 as a pilot 
program instead of a grant program. It further modifies section 
4(a) by amending the definition of energy-related industries 
and adding a definition for pilot program.
    The substitute amendment redirects the energy workforce 
pilot program in section 4(b) to be under the jurisdiction of 
the Secretary of Labor in accordance with section 169(b) of 
WIOA Act, rather than the Secretary of Energy.
    The substitute amendment adds companies with fewer than 100 
employees to the list of targeted communities for 
prioritization in section 4(c). It also removes the authority 
to use the grant to pay for the wages of the employee being 
trained. It further lowers the Federal cost share of the grant 
depending on the size of the company and adds stipulations for 
the non-Federal share of the grant.
    The substitute amendment reduces the authorization level in 
section 4(d) from $100 million annually for five years to $15 
million annually for three years.

                      SECTION-BY-SECTION ANALYSIS

Section 1. Short title

    Section 1 sets forth the short title of the bill.

Sec. 2. Definitions

    Section 2 defines relevant terms.

Sec. 3. Energy workforce development program

    Section 3(a) requires the Secretary to establish and carry 
out a comprehensive and nationwide program to improve education 
and training for jobs in energy-related industries to increase 
the number of skilled workers trained to work in energy-related 
industries.
    Subsection (b) requires the Secretary to engage in a number 
of specific workforce development activities, including 
encouraging underrepresented groups to enter into science, 
technology, engineering, and mathematics fields (STEM), and to 
prioritize education and training of underrepresented groups 
for jobs in energy-related industries.
    Subsection (c) requires the Secretary to provide direct 
assistance, including financial assistance, technical 
expertise, and guidance, to educational agencies and a variety 
of workforce organizations.
    Subsection (d) directs the Secretary to establish an online 
resource center to provide information and resources on 
training programs for jobs in energy-related industries.
    Subsection (e) requires the Secretary to collaborate with 
educational institutions and relevant workforce entities to 
facilitate the sharing of best practices and approaches. This 
subsection further requires the Secretary to publish, in 
collaboration with the Secretary of Labor, the Commissioner or 
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Secretary of Commerce, and 
the Director of the Bureau of the Census, an annual report on 
job creation in energy-related industries.
    Subsection (f) directs the Secretary to collaborate with 
the Secretaries of Education, the Commerce, and Labor, and the 
Director of the National Science Foundation to develop and make 
available to educational agencies best practices for providing 
postsecondary students with skills necessary for jobs in 
energy-related industries. The subsection further specifies 
that such best practices shall promote STEM education, energy 
efficiency, and community energy resiliency.
    Subsection (g) requires the Secretary to conduct outreach 
and make resources available to minority-serving institutions.
    Subsection (h) directs the Secretary to conduct outreach to 
displaced and unemployed energy workers and make resources 
available to institutions who serve them.
    Subsection (i) requires the Secretary to collaborate with 
industry and workforce organizations to identify students and 
other candidates, including from underrepresented communities, 
to enroll in training and apprenticeship programs.
    Subsection (j) directs the Secretary to collaborate with 
energy-related industries to identify sectors with the greatest 
demand for workers and develop guidelines for the skills 
necessary to work in those sectors.
    Subsection (k) specifies that nothing in section 3 
authorizes the Federal government to have any control over any 
the instructional content or materials of a State, local 
educational agency, or school.

Sec. 4. Energy workforce pilot program

    Section 4(a) defines relevant terms.
    Subsection (b) directs the Secretary of Labor, in 
consultation with the Secretary, to establish a pilot program 
to provide grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities 
to pay for on-the-job training of a new or existing employee to 
work in the renewable energy sector, the energy efficiency 
sector, the grid modernization sector, or on the reduction of 
greenhouse gas emissions.
    Subsection (c) requires eligible entities to submit an 
application to the Secretary of Labor to be eligible for a 
grant. This subsection further requires the Secretary of Labor 
to give priority to targeted communities. This subsection also 
directs that an awarded grant be used to pay the Federal share 
of the job training costs; specifies the Federal cost share 
amount based on the number of the eligible entity's employees; 
and limits the grant amount to no more than $100,000 per fiscal 
year (FY).
    Subsection (d) authorizes $15,000,000 for each of FYs 2020 
through 2022.

                   COST AND BUDGETARY CONSIDERATIONS

    The following estimate of the costs of this measure has 
been provided by the Congressional Budget Office:




    S. 2393 would require the Department of Energy (DOE) to 
establish an energy workforce development program to encourage 
underrepresented groups to enter the fields of science, 
technology, engineering, and mathematics and to better prepare 
students for jobs in energy-related industries. Under the 
program, DOE would provide internships and apprenticeships at 
DOE facilities; fund research grants and technical assistance 
for academic institutions; and conduct other activities to 
promote the program's goals.
    Based on the costs of similar programs, CBO estimates that 
those activities would cost about $15 million annually when 
fully implemented.
    S. 2393 also would authorize the appropriation of $15 
million annually through 2022 for DOE to collaborate with the 
Department of Labor (DOL) in establishing an energy workforce 
pilot program. DOL would provide grants to businesses and labor 
management organizations to subsidize on-the-job training for 
employees in certain energy-related fields.
    CBO assumes S. 2393 will be enacted near the end of 2020. 
Based on historical spending patterns for similar activities, 
and assuming appropriation of the authorized and necessary 
amounts starting in 2021, CBO estimates that implementing S. 
2393 would cost $69 million over the 2021-2024 period. The 
costs of the legislation (detailed in Table 1) would fall 
within budget functions 270 (energy) and 500 (education, 
training, employment, and social services).

                TABLE 1.--ESTIMATED INCREASES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION UNDER S. 2393
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     By fiscal year, millions of dollars--
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
                                                                2020    2021    2022    2023    2024   2020-2024
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Energy Workforce Development Program:
    Estimated Authorization..................................       0      15      15      15      15        60
    Estimated Outlays........................................       0       2      11      14      14        41
Energy Workforce Pilot Program:
    Authorizationa...........................................      15      15      15       0       0        45
    Estimated Outlays........................................       0       2      11      12       3        28
    Total Changes:
        Estimated Authorization..............................      15      30      30      15      15       105
        Estimated Outlays....................................       0       4      22      26      17        69
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
aS. 2393 would authorize the appropriation of $15 million in 2020. CBO does not estimate any outlays from that
  authorization because appropriations have already been provided for 2020.

    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Aaron Krupkin. 
The estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy 
Director of Budget Analysis.

                      REGULATORY IMPACT EVALUATION

    In compliance with paragraph 11(b) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee makes the following 
evaluation of the regulatory impact which would be incurred in 
carrying out S. 2393. The bill is not a regulatory measure in 
the sense of imposing Government-established standards or 
significant economic responsibilities on private individuals 
and businesses.
    No personal information would be collected in administering 
the program. Therefore, there would be no impact on personal 
privacy.
    Little, if any, additional paperwork would result from the 
enactment of S. 2393, as ordered reported.

                   CONGRESSIONALLY DIRECTED SPENDING

    S. 2393, as ordered reported, does not contain any 
congressionally directed spending items, limited tax benefits, 
or limited tariff benefits as defined in rule XLIV of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate.

                        EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS

    The testimony provided by the Department of the Energy at 
the September 11, 2019, hearing on S. 2393 follows:

Testimony of Under Secretary of Energy Mark W. Menezes, U.S. Department 
                               of Energy


                              introduction


    Chairman Cassidy, Ranking Member Heinrich, and Members of 
the Subcommittee, it is a privilege and an honor to serve at 
the Department of Energy (DOE or the Department), which is 
tasked with, among other important responsibilities: overseeing 
the Nation's nuclear energy research and development programs; 
creating and sustaining American leadership in the transition 
to a global clean energy economy; working effectively with the 
States on our Nation's energy challenges; and supporting our 
current, and developing our Nation's future, energy workforce. 
Thank you for the opportunity to testify today on behalf of the 
Department regarding legislation pertinent to DOE that is now 
pending in the Senate.
    I have been asked to testify on nine (9) bills today. The 
Administration continues to review all of these bills. I 
appreciate the ongoing bipartisan efforts to address our 
Nation's energy challenges and I look forward to working with 
the Committee.


                             human capital


    In the United States we are producing a wider range of 
fuels, more abundantly and affordably, while using them more 
cleanly and efficiently than ever. As part of a balanced 
approach to energy policy, our Nation is vastly improving 
energy choice, embracing new and smarter ways to reach our 
energy, and our environmental goals. In the United States, our 
energy renaissance over the last decade has been nothing short 
of a game-changer. As energy evolves, so too does our demand on 
our current and future workforce.
S. 2393--Clean Energy Jobs Act
    S. 2393, Clean Energy Jobs Act, orders the Secretary to 
establish and carry out a comprehensive and nationwide program 
to improve education and training for jobs in energy-related 
industries to increase the number of skilled workers trained to 
work in energy related industries, such as manufacturing, 
engineering, construction, and retrofitting jobs. This bill 
also includes providing internships, fellowships, traineeships, 
apprenticeships, and employment at DOE and the National 
Laboratories.
    The Department continues to review the legislation and 
looks forward to working with Congress as the legislative 
process moves forward. We also defer to the Department of Labor 
who is the lead Federal agency on job training programs and 
provides oversight of workforce development boards authorized 
under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA).


                               conclusion


    Thank you again for the opportunity to be here today. The 
Department appreciates the ongoing bipartisan efforts to 
address our Nation's energy challenges, and looks forward to 
working with the Committee on the legislation on today's agenda 
and any future legislation. I would be happy to answer your 
questions.

                        CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW

    In compliance with paragraph 12 of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee notes that no 
changes in existing law are made by S. 2393 as ordered 
reported.