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An A to Z directory of help pages, research guides, lists, popular saved searches, and more. Legislative Process Glossary terms are in italics.

For quick results, use Ctrl+F to search this page.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

A

About Congress.gov

Accounts - create a Congress.gov account to manage alerts and saved searches

Action on legislation - Browse by date - also called Yesterday in Congress, includes legislation introduced, reported, passed, and considered by the full House or Senate each legislative day

Active legislation - Senate.gov finding aid

Advanced search - Congress.gov advanced search options

Advanced search form - legislation only, 93rd Congress-present (1973-)

Command line

Query builder

Agencies of the U.S. government - USA.gov

Alerts on Congress.gov - sign up for email alerts on members, individual bills, nominations, and the Congressional Record

Amendments - see also Legislation, Legislative Process 

Congress.gov resources and glossary terms

Amendments to the Constitution - Constitution Annotated

Browse House and Senate amendments - 97th Congress-present (1981-)

Related glossary terms 

amendment 

amendment exchange

amendment in the nature of a substitute

Anomalies - legislative data anomalies on Congress.gov

AOC - Architect of the Capitol

AOC website 

Plan a visit to the U.S. Capitol

Explore Capitol Hill

Appropriations - see also Appropriations and Budget Research Guide 

Amending appropriation bills: a basic guide - House Committee on Rules

Expired and expiring authorizations of appropriations - CBO; previously titled Unauthorized appropriations and expiring authorizations (2000-2016)

Archived government websites

Congressional and federal government web harvests - National Archives

United States congressional web archive - Library of Congress

 Audio and Visual Coverage Research Guide

B

bicameral [glossary term]

Bill - see Legislation

Bill of Rights

Bill of Rights – National Archives resource

Bill of Rights Library of Congress resource

Biographical directory of the United States Congress (1774- )

Books - Library of Congress online catalog

Browse lists - view items filtered by selected criteria and Congresses on Congress.gov

Budget - see also Appropriations and Budget Research Guide

Budget of the United States government - GPO

Budget process - see also Appropriations and Budget Research Guide

budget resolution [glossary term]

Bulk data in XML - Congress.gov bill status data

C

C-SPAN - live TV and radio coverage of proceedings of the U.S. Congress

calendar [glossary term]

Calendars - see Calendars and Schedules Research Guide

Capitol Police

Capitol Visitor Center (CVC) website

Caucuses - House | Senate

CBO - Congressional Budget Office

CBO - Congressional Budget Office [glossary term]

CBO publications

Congressional Budget Office website

Cost estimates for bills

Census Bureau website

Congressional apportionment

Fast facts for Congress

Center for Legislative Archives - National Archives repository of congressional records

Century of Lawmaking - Library of Congress repository of congressional documents and debates (1774-1875)

CIA World Factbook

CNN Politics  - political news, analysis, and opinion website

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

Annual edition - GPO

e-CFR

Committee reports

About committee reports of the U.S. Congress

Browse House reports | Senate reports | Executive reports

committee report [glossary term]

congressional report [glossary term]

Search for committee reports

Committees

About committee hearings of the U.S. Congress

About congressional committee profiles

committee chair [glossary term]

committee-related activity [glossary term]

committee / subcommittee [glossary term]

Committees of the U.S. Congress

Committee of the Whole [glossary term]

House Committee hearings and meetings video

Legislation with actions related to committees - House | Senate

Committee websites - may include transcripts of hearings, markups, and reports

House committees

Senate committees

communications [glossary term]

companion measure [glossary term]

concurrent resolution [glossary term]

conferees [glossary term]

conference committee [glossary term]

conference report [glossary term]

congress (i.e. 2-year time frame) [glossary term]

Congress.gov - learn about Congress.gov

Congresses - corresponding years (1927-)

Congressional agencies

CBO - Congressional Budget Office

CRS - Congressional Research Service

GAO - Government Accountability Office

GPO - Government Publishing Office

LOC - Library of Congress

Congressional apportionment

Congressional apportionment census

Congressional apportionment census 2010

Congressional apportionment census 2000

Congressional apportionment - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Congressional directory - official printed directory from GPO

Congressional district maps - from the National Atlas of the United States

Congressional districts: fast facts for Congress - Census Bureau data on US, states, counties, congressional districts

Congressional documents - selected House documents and Senate documents from GPO

Congressional Gold Medal recipients - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Congressional Quarterly (subscription required for full access)

Congressional Record

About the Congressional Record

Congressional Record [glossary term]

Get the app in iTunes

Most recent issue | Browse by date | Search

Congressional Record Index - topical access to remarks and activities by Members, individuals, organizations, and legislative business mentioned in the Congressional Record

congressional report [glossary term] - see also Committees

Constitution Annotated - Constitution of the United States: Analysis and Interpretation. Legal analysis and interpretation of the United States Constitution, based on Supreme Court case law

Featured topics and cases

Constitution Day - resources for teachers

continuing resolution (continuing appropriation) [glossary term]

Copyright Office

County governments

CRS - Congressional Research Service

About CRS

CRS - Congressional Research Service [glossary term]

C-SPAN (Cable Satellite Public Affairs Network)

D

Daily Digest - see also Congressional Record

Daily Digest [glossary term]

Browse by date

Most recent issue

Data.gov - machine readable data sets of the Executive branch; launched May 2009 by Federal CIO Council

Days in Session calendars for House and Senate - see also  Calendars and Schedules Research Guide

Declaration of Independence - Primary Documents in American History; Library of Congress web guide

E

Embed a search box - For instructions and code, go to How to Embed the Search Box on Your Website

enacted [glossary term]

Enactment of a Law - by the Senate Parliamentarian

en bloc [glossary term]

engrossed measure [glossary term]

enrolled measure [glossary term]

Ethics

House ethics manual (PDF) and other documents from the Committee on Ethics

Senate ethics manual (PDF) and other documents from the Select Committee on Ethics

executive business [glossary term]

Executive Calendar - see also Calendars and Schedules Research Guide

Archive of Senate Executive Calendars

Executive Calendar [glossary term]

executive communication [glossary term]

Executive orders

Codification of presidential proclamations and executive orders - National Archives (1945-1989)

Executive orders disposition tables index - National Archives (1953-present)

Presidential actions  - White House

Presidential documents guide - National Archives

executive report [glossary term]

executive session [glossary term]

Expired and expiring authorizations of appropriations - previously Unauthorized appropriations and expiring authorizations (2000-2016) - CBO

F

FAQ - Frequently asked questions about Congress.gov

Fast facts for Congress - Census Bureau data on the U.S., states, counties, and congressional districts

Federal budget

federal depository library [glossary term]

Federal judiciary

Courts

Judges

Federal Register

About the Federal Register - GPO

Browse the Federal Register - GPO

Most recent issue - GPO

Reginfo.gov - OMB/GSA status of agency documents undergoing review

Regulations.gov and its frequently asked questions - find and comment on Federal Register documents

Federalist Papers

About the Federalist Papers

Feedback - submit a survey to Congress.gov

filibuster [glossary term]

FindLaw - case law, forms, find a lawyer

G

GAO - Government Accountability Office

Federal Vacancies Act reports

Today's reports (and previous reports)

germaneness [glossary term]

Global Legal Monitor - Law Library of Congress

Glossary of legislative process terms

Government manual

Government Research Guide - links to legislative, executive, judicial, state, local, and international government resources

GPO - Government Publishing Office

FDsys: GPO's Federal Digital System

GPO - Government Publishing Office [glossary term]

H

Hearings - committee/subcommittee hearings

Browse selected congressional hearings, 105th Congress-present - GPO

hearing [glossary term]

House committee hearings - current hearings in the House

House committee hearings and meetings video - Congress.gov resource

Law Librarians Society of Washington DC - quick links to committee hearings , transcripts, etc.

Law Library of Congress - selected Congressional hearings (1908-2006)

Live audio and video of floor and committee proceedings - see Audio and Visual Coverage Research Guide 

Text of House transcripts , listed by committee (selected)

Help pages - Congress.gov

Frequently asked questions

About Congress.gov

Search tips overview

What’s new on Congress.gov

The Hill

History of Bills and Resolutions - GPO

Browse lists by bill type on GPO - updated day after Congressional Record published

Search page on GPO (1983-present)

hold [glossary term]

hopper [glossary term]

House manual Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and Rules of the House of Representatives

Latest PDF | Archive - GPO (1995-present)

House manual in XML - United States Legislative Markup (USLM) Project, GitHub

XML bulk data - GPO

House of Representatives - see House of Representatives Research Guide

House precedents

House Practice | Archive - GPO

Cannon | Deschler | Hind - GPO

House Rules Committee

House Rules committee [glossary term]

Website | Jump to: Resources tab for archived House rules, House manuals, rules of the committees, and surveys of activities of the Rules Committee

House standing rules

Latest PDF | Archive - Rules Committee, 112th Congress-present

How Our Laws Are Made

I

identical bill [glossary term]

International

CIA World Factbook

International law - United Nations

International organizations - Library of Congress guide

Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) - Northwestern University Library

National government websites - list from Northwestern University Library

international agreement [glossary term]

J

Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) publications - official estimates for all tax legislation considered by the Congress

joint explanatory statement [glossary term]

joint resolution [glossary term]

Joint sessions of Congress - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

journal [glossary term]

Judicial vacancies - US Courts

jurisdiction [glossary term]

L

Law Library of Congress

About the Law Library

Guide to law online

Legal topics

Laws

Public laws

Private laws

Leadership

House leadership - Speaker, majority and minority leaders, whips, etc.

House leadership and officers (1789-present)

Senate leadership - President of the Senate, President Pro Tempore, majority and minority leaders, whips,etc.

Senate party leadership - Democratic Conference, Republican Conference, party policy committees, historical lists

Legislation  - see also Amendments, Legislative Process

Browse reports on Congress.gov, 93rd Congress-present (1973-) unless otherwise noted

Action on legislation - Browse by date - also called Yesterday in Congress, includes legislation introduced, reported, passed, and considered by the full House or Senate each legislative day

Bill and law texts received today

Bills by policy area term 

Bills introduced as private legislation 

Bills introduced by request 

Bills vetoed

House and Senate amendments - 97th Congress-present (1981-)

Legislation with actions related to committees - House | Senate 

Legislative actions - reports of legislative actions taken per Congress and related bills

Most-viewed bills on Congress.gov - 113th Congress-present (2014-)

Sponsors and cosponsors - House | Senate - browse legislation by sponsor or cosponsor

Resources

Active legislation - Senate.gov finding aid

Versions of bill texts, see Definitions of common versions of bills table - GPO

Related glossary terms (jump past glossary terms)

amendment 

amendment in the nature of a substitute

bill 

bill summary

budget resolution

measure

official title

original bill

popular title

private bill 

procedurally-related measure

proposed/offered Senate amendment

related bill

reserved bill number

short title

simple resolution

special rule

submitted Senate amendment  

title

Legislative histories 

Center for Legislative Archives - National Archives repository of Congressional records

Legislative histories - guide to producing legislative histories from the Law Librarians' Society

Legislative histories of selected US laws on the internet - Law Librarians' Society

Legislative process -  see also Amendments, Appropriations, LegislationVetoes

Legislative process videos on Congress.gov - nine videos that explain common legislative phases 

Related glossary terms (jump past glossary terms)

adjourn

adjournment sine die

amendment exchange

by request

cloture

legislative action steps

legislative interest

markup

memorial

motion to proceed to consider

motion to recommit

motion to table

ordered reported

ping-pong

point of order

previous question

pro forma session

quorum

quorum call

referral

reported

supermajority

suspension of the rules

unanimous consent agreement

unanimous consent request

veto 

legislative subject term [glossary term]

Library of Congress (LOC)

Linking to Congress.gov

LIV - Legislative Indexing Vocabulary [glossary term]

Lobbying disclosure - House | Senate

M

Maps - congressional district maps from the National Atlas of the United States

Markups

House committee websites - some provide the text of selected markups

Senate committee websites - some provide the text of selected markups

markup [glossary term]

Media galleries - House | Senate

Members of Congress - find members and see sponsored and cosponsored legislation on Congress.gov

About congressional member profiles - Congress.gov

Biographical directory of the United States Congress (1774-Present)

Congressional directory - GPO

Find your representative by zip code - House.gov finding aid

Guide to House and Senate members - GPO

N

NARA - National Archives and Records Administration

Center for Legislative Archives

Congressional and federal government web harvest

NARA (National Archives and Records Administration) [glossary term]

Presidential documents guide

Public laws: current session of Congress

Stay updated about public laws

National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)

News services

C-SPAN (Cable Satellite Public Affairs Network)

CNN Politics

The Congressional Quarterly (subscription required for full access)

FedNet (Federal Network, Inc.)

The Hill

Represent, ProPublica

Nominations

About nominations

Cabinet and Supreme Court nominees - U.S. Senate

Federal judicial vacancies

nomination [glossary term]

Search nominations

Supreme Court nominations - Congress.gov records dating from 1981

Supreme Court nominations - Law Library of Congress resources

Nongovernmental organizations (NGO)

United Nations NGO relations

World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (WANGO)

notes [glossary term]

O

Office of the Clerk - U.S. House of Representatives

P

parliamentarian [glossary term]

party caucus / conference [glossary term]

Party divisions of the House of Representatives House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website (1789-present)

phrase searching - see Search Overview

Policy area term

Browse bills by policy area term   

policy area term [glossary term]

Policy area terms [field value list]

President

The American Presidency Project - Public papers of the U.S. Presidents, hosted by the University of California, Santa Barbara

Codification of presidential proclamations and executive orders - National Archives (1945-1989)

Compilation of presidential documents - daily and weekly updates including statements, messages, remarks, GPO (1993-)

Presidential documents guide - National Archives

Presidential libraries - National Archives list of all presidential libraries

Presidential nominations - see About Nominations

Presidents, Vice Presidents and coinciding sessions of Congress - Clerk of the House resource (1789-)

presidential message [glossary term]

Private legislation

Browse private legislation

private bill [glossary term]

privileged nomination [glossary term]

Project Vote Smart - voting data for members of Congress

Public laws

Public laws list on Congress.gov

Public laws: current session of Congress - National Archives list of current public law numbers

Public laws update service recording - (202) 741-6043

Q

Quick search - Congress.gov search tool

R

ranking member [glossary term]

recess appointment [glossary term]

Refine a search using facets (also called filters) - Congress.gov search guide

Regulations - Code of Federal Regulations | Federal Register

resolution of ratification [glossary term]

Résumé of Congressional Activity (1947-)

Roll Call votes by the U.S. Congress browse list (1989-)

Rules, precedents, and procedures

Committee websites: House, Resources tab - Rules Committee | Senate - Rules and Administration Committee

House manual [PDF] Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and Rules of the House of Representatives and search the manual and rules - GPO

House precedents - House practice [PDF], Deschler's precedents, Cannon's precedents and Hinds' precedents - GPO

House procedures - general parliamentary, 115th legislative protocols, and committee - Rules Committee

House special rules reported - Rules Committee

House standing rules [PDF] - Rules Committee

Senate procedures - Riddick's Senate procedure , Senate legislative process

Senate standing rules

S

Schedules for Congress - see  Calendars and Schedules Research Guide

Search examples

Search tips by category

Search tips overview - Congress.gov help page on search basics

Senate floor webcast

Senate - see Senate Research Guide

Senate standing rules

Sergeant at Arms - House | Senate

Sessions of Congress

Days in session calendars - see also the Calendars and Schedules Research Guide 

Joint sessions of Congress - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Presidents, Vice Presidents and coinciding sessions of Congress - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Saturday and Sunday legislative days of Congress - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Sessions of Congress (1789-) - House Clerk's list and Secretary of the Senate's list [PDF]

Table of congressional publication volumes and presidential issuances [PDF] - Law Librarians' Society (1789-)

slip law [glossary term]

Speaker of the House - see Leadership

Sponsors and cosponsors

Browse legislation by sponsor/cosponsor - House | Senate | Search

cosponsor [glossary term]

sponsor [glossary term]

State and local government 

State, county and city government websites

State legislature websites

memorial [glossary term]

Statistics

Congressional apportionment census

Congressional districts: fast facts for Congress - Census Bureau data on U.S., states, counties, and congressional districts

Résumé of congressional activity (1947-)

Statutes at Large

Volumes 1-64 (1789-1950 – Law Library of Congress)

Volumes 65-125 (1951-2011 – GPO)

Statutes at Large and the U.S. Code  (research guide from the Law Librarians' Society)

Subcommittees - see Committees

subject [glossary term]

Supreme Court

T

Teacher resources - lesson plans about government, law, and politics

text similarities [glossary term]

Think tanks and advocacy groups

Public disclosure - Senate Office of Public Records

Lobbying disclosure - Clerk of the House

Think tanks and public interest organizations - list of political science resources from University of Michigan Documents Center

Tips - see Search Tips Overview

Trade agreements - text of trade agreements from the Department of Commerce Trade Compliance Center

Treaties

Treaty document resources on Congress.gov

About treaty documents

Browse treaty documents by topic

Search treaty documents

Treaty resources

Senate Rule XXX: Executive sessions - proceedings on treaties

Treaties and other international acts series (TIAS) - State Department

Treaties and other international agreements: the role of the Senate [PDF] - committee print

Treaties pending in the Senate - State Department

Treaty Affairs Office - State Department

U.S. treaties: a beginner’s guide - Law Library of Congress

Related glossary terms

treaty 

treaty document

Twitter - The Law Library of Congress tweets about legislation and Congress.gov enhancements via @Congressdotgov.

U

Unauthorized appropriations and expiring authorizations (2000-2016) - collection is titled Expired and expiring authorizations of appropriations as of 2017, CBO

Uniform Law Commission

United Nations - international law

United States government manual - official handbook of the Federal Government

U.S. Capitol

Virtual tour of the U.S. Capitol

Visitor center at the U.S. Capitol

U.S. Capitol Police

U.S. Code and the classification tables - House of Representatives Office of the Law Revision Counsel

U.S. founding documents resources

U.S. founding documents gallery - Congress.gov

Creating the United States online exhibit - Library of Congress

USA.gov

V

Vacancies

Federal judicial vacancies - United States Courts

Federal Vacancies Reform Act - GAO search tool

Vetoes  - see also Legislation, Legislative Process

Browse vetoed legislation - Congress.gov

Historical lists of regular and pocket vetoes - Secretary of the Senate indexes (1789-)

History of line-item veto notices - GPO

Number of vetoes per President - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

veto [glossary term]

Vice Presidents

Presidents, Vice Presidents, and coinciding sessions of Congress - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Vice Presidential tie-breaking votes in the Senate - Senate Library, complete list (1789-)

Video - see Audio and Visual Coverage Research Guide

Votes - see Votes in the House and Senate Research Guide

W

White House

Website

Website archives - Clinton, Bush, and Obama administration websites, National Archives (1994-present)

White House Executive Clerk's office recording - (202) 456-2226

X

XML bulk data - Congress.gov bill status data

Z

Zip code - Find your representative by zip code - House of Representatives finding aid

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