THIRD SUPPLEMENTARY EXTRADITION TREATY WITH SPAINSenate Consideration of Treaty Document 105-15
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[Senate Treaty Document 105-15] [From the U.S. Government Publishing Office] 105th Congress Treaty Doc. SENATE 1st Session 105-15 _______________________________________________________________________ THIRD SUPPLEMENTARY EXTRADITION TREATY WITH SPAIN __________ MESSAGE from THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES transmitting THIRD SUPPLEMENTARY EXTRADITION TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE KINGDOM OF SPAIN, SIGNED AT MADRID ON MARCH 12, 1996 July 10, 1997.--Treaty was read the first time and, together with the accompanying papers, referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations and ordered to be printed for the use of the Senate LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL ---------- The White House, July 10, 1997. To the Senate of the United States: With a view to receiving the advice and consent of the Senate to ratification, I transmit herewith the Third Supplementary Extradition Treaty Between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain, signed at Madrid on March 12, 1996 (the ``Treaty''). In addition, I transmit, for the information of the Senate, the report of the Department of State with respect to the Treaty. As the report explains, the Treaty will not require implementing legislation. This Treaty will, upon entry into force, enhance cooperation between law enforcement communities of both countries. It will thereby make a significant contribution to international law enforcement efforts. The provisions in this Treaty are consistent with United States extradition policy. I recommend that the Senate give early and favorable consideration to the Treaty and give its advice and consent to ratification. William J. Clinton. LETTER OF SUBMITTAL ---------- Department of State, Washington, June 13, 1997. The President, The White House. The President: I have the honor to submit to you the Third Supplementary Extradition Treaty between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain (``the Treaty''), signed at Madrid on March 12, 1996. Upon entry into force, it will amend the Treaty on Extradition between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain that was signed at Madrid on May 29, 1970 and that entered into force on June 16, 1971, as amended by the Supplementary Treaty on Extradition signed at Madrid on January 25, 1975, and entered into force on June 2, 1978, and the Second Supplementary Treaty of Extradition signed at Madrid on February 9, 1988, and entered into force on July 2, 1993 (hereinafter ``the Extradition Treaty''). I recommend that the Treaty be transmitted to the Senate for its advice and consent to ratification. The Treaty will eliminate the significant problems that have arisen in our extradition practice with Spain concerning statutes of limitation and will ensure that an amnesty granted by the State receiving an extradition request is not a bar to extradition and that simplified extradition (i.e., a waiver of the full extradition process) is possible. The treaty represents part of a concerted effort by the Department of State and the Department of Justice to develop and improve modern extradition relationships to enhance the ability of the United States to prosecute serious offenders including, especially, narcotics traffickers and terrorists. The Treaty does not require implementing legislation. Article 1 inserts a new Article II Bis into the Extradition Treaty that would eliminate two potential impediments to extradition: expiration of the statute of limitations in the Requested State and an amnesty granted by the Requested State. The new article removes the statute of limitations as a basis for denying extradition, even if prosecution or execution of a sentence would have been barred by the statute of limitations in the Requested State, and declares that the Requested State is bound by a statement from the Requesting State that its statute of limitations does not bar prosecution or execution of the sentence in the case at hand. In addition, the new article provides that amnesties, which are occasionally promulgated in Spain (and only rarely under United States law), will not bar extradition of fugitives sought by one Party for offenses that are the subject of an amnesty in the other Party. Article 2 makes Article V(A) of the Extradition Treaty consistent with new Article II Bis by deleting the provision permitting denial of extradition on the basis of the statute of limitations of either Party. Article 3 deletes as no longer relevant the reference in Article X(B)(3) of the Extradition Treaty to legal texts on statutes of limitations and adds a new paragraph 4 to Article X(B) that requires the formal extradition documentation to include ``a statement that neither the prosecution nor the execution of the penalty are barred according to the legislation of the Requesting Party.'' Article 4 adds a new Article XVI Bis to the Extradition Treaty that permits the Requested Party to surrender a person sought for extradition without submission of the formal extradition documentation normally required under Article X of the Extradition Treaty, if the person sought freely consents to such surrender before a judicial authority. The consent of the person sought may include a waiver of the rule of speciality, as provided by Article XIII of the Extradition Treaty. Article 5 declares that the Supplementary Treaty shall be an integral part of the Extradition Treaty and sets forth the conditions for its entry into force. The supplementary Treaty is subject to ratification and shall enter into force thirty days after the exchange of the instruments of ratification. A Technical Analysis explaining in Detail the provisions of the Treaty has been prepared by the United States negotiating delegation and will be submitted separately to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. The Department of Justice joins the Department of State in favoring approval of this Treaty by the Senate at an early date. Respectfully submitted, Madeleine Albright.