1996 Protocol to Convention on Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of WastesSenate Consideration of Treaty Document 110-5
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[Senate Treaty Document 110-5] [From the U.S. Government Printing Office] 110th Congress 1st Session SENATE Treaty Doc. 110-5 _______________________________________________________________________ 1996 PROTOCOL TO CONVENTION ON PREVENTION OF MARINE POLLUTION BY DUMPING OF WASTES __________ MESSAGE from THEPRESIDENTOFTHEUNITEDSTATES transmitting 1996 PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION ON THE PREVENTION OF MARINE POLLUTION BY DUMPING OF WASTES AND OTHER MATTER (THE ``LONDON CONVENTION''), DONE IN LONDON ON NOVEMBER 7, 1996. THE PROTOCOL WAS SIGNED BY THE UNITED STATES ON MARCH 31, 2008, AND ENTERED INTO FORCE ON MARCH 24, 2006 September 4, 2007.--Treaty was read the first time, and together with the accompanying papers, referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations and ordered to be printed for the use of the Senate LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL ---------- The White House, September 4, 2007. To the Senate of the United States: I transmit herewith, with a view to receiving advice and consent, the 1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (the ``London Convention''), done in London on November 7, 1996. The Protocol was signed by the United States on March 31, 1998, and it entered into force on March 24, 2006. The Protocol represents the culmination of a thorough and intensive effort to update and improve the London Convention. The London Convention governs the ocean dumping and incineration at sea of wastes and other matter and was a significant early step in international protection of the marine environment from pollution caused by these activities. Although the Protocol and the London Convention share many features, the Protocol is designed to protect the marine environment more effectively. The Protocol moves from a structure of listing substances that may not be dumped to a ``reverse list'' approach, which prohibits ocean dumping of all wastes or other matter, except for a few specified wastes. This approach is combined with detailed criteria for environmental assessment of those materials that may be considered for dumping and potential dumping sites. The Protocol would be implemented through amendments to the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA), which currently covers London Convention obligations. There will not be any substantive changes to existing practices in the United States, and no economic impact is expected from implementation of the Protocol. I recommend that the Senate give early and favorable consideration to this Protocol and give its advice and consent to ratification with the declaration and understanding contained in Articles 3 and 10 respectively in the accompanying report of the Department of State. George W. Bush. LETTER OF SUBMITTAL ---------- Department of State, Washington, April 2, 2007. The President, The White House. The President: I have the honor to submit to you, with a view towards its transmittal to the Senate for advice and consent, the 1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 (the London Convention). The Protocol was adopted in London on November 7, 1996, and signed by the United States on March 31, 1998. It entered into force on March 24, 2006. The Protocol is an update to the London Convention and is meant to eventually replace it. The treaties share many features, although the Protocol strengthens protection of the marine environment in a number of respects. All interested agencies in the Executive Branch favor ratification of the Protocol. Respectfully submitted, Condoleezza Rice.