Amendment to the Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries.Senate Consideration of Treaty Document 113-3
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[Senate Treaty Document 113-3] [From the U.S. Government Printing Office] 113th Congress Treaty Doc. SENATE 1st Session 113-3 _______________________________________________________________________ AMENDMENT TO THE CONVENTION ON FUTURE MULTILATERAL COOPERATION IN THE NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES __________ MESSAGE from THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES transmitting AMENDMENT TO THE CONVENTION ON FUTURE MULTILATERAL COOPERATION IN THE NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES, ADOPTED ON SEPTEMBER 28, 2007, AT THE TWENTY-NINTH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC FISHERIES ORGANIZATION (NAFO) April 22, 2013.--Treaty was read the first time, and together with the accompanying papers, referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations and ordered to be printed for the use of the Senate LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL ---------- The White House, April 22, 2013. To the Senate of the United States: With a view to receiving the advice and consent of the Senate to ratification, I transmit herewith the Amendment to the Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries (the ``Convention''), adopted on September 28, 2007, at the twenty-ninth Annual Meeting of the North Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO). I also transmit, for the information of the Senate, the report of the Secretary of State on the Amendment, which includes an article-by-article analysis. The Amendment serves to bring the Convention in line with modern international fisheries governance, including revisions to its decisionmaking and objection rules and a new comprehensive dispute settlement procedure. The Amendment also reflects changes to the budget contribution scheme that are expected to significantly reduce U.S. annual payments to NAFO. Involved Federal agencies and stakeholders strongly support the proposed changes to the Convention. The strengthened Convention will improve the way NAFO manages the fish stocks under its purview and enforces compliance with the measures it adopts, which in turn will improve the chances that key stocks in the Northwest Atlantic will recover enough to support resumed fishing. The recommended changes to the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Convention Act of 1995 necessary to implement the Amendment will be submitted separately to the Congress. I therefore recommend that the Senate give favorable consideration to the Amendment to the Convention and give its advice and consent to ratification at the earliest possible date. Barack Obama. LETTER OF SUBMITTAL ---------- Department of State, Washington, October 19, 2012. The President, The White House. The President: I have the honor to submit to you, with a view to its transmission to the Senate for advice and consent to ratification, comprehensive amendments to the 1979 Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries (the ``Convention''), adopted in Lisbon, Portugal on September 28, 2007. Also enclosed is an Overview of the amended Convention, which includes a detailed article-by- article analysis. The Convention established the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO), which is charged with coordinating the scientific study and cooperative management of most of the fisheries resources of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. NAFO launched a reform effort in 2005 to bring itself in line with the principles of modem fisheries management, which also offered the opportunity to address the United States' particular concerns over catch allocations and fair participation. The resulting comprehensive amendments include new articles detailing definitions and general principles; specifying the basic duties of Contracting Parties, flag State Parties and port State Parties; and addressing cooperation with non- Contracting Parties and other international organizations. The amendments also change the basis for decision-making and impose greater discipline on the process by which Contracting Parties may object to a Commission decision. The revised text establishes for the first time a comprehensive dispute settlement procedure. Finally, the updates create a more equitable budget contribution scheme, which, once in force, is expected to reduce U.S. payments to the Organization by at least one-third, The U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of Commerce, the U.S. Coast Guard, environmental NGOs, and the U.S. fishing industry support the amendments. The strengthened Convention will improve the way NAFO manages the stocks under its purview and enforces compliance with the measures it adopts, which in turn will improve the chances that key stocks will recover enough to support resumed fishing. Recommended changes to the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Convention Act of 1995 to implement the amendments will be submitted separately to the Congress. I recommend, therefore, that you transmit the amended Convention to the Senate for its advice and consent to ratification at the earliest possible date. Respectfully submitted. Hillary Rodham Clinton. Enclosure: As stated.