U.N. Convention on the Assignment of Receivables in International TradeSenate Consideration of Treaty Document 114-7
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- The United Nations Convention on the Assignment of Receivables in International Trade, done at New York on December 12, 2001, and signed by the United States on December 30, 2003.
Date Received from President
Latest Senate Action
Resolution of advice and consent to ratification agreed to in Senate by Division Vote.
Text - Resolution of Ratification: Senate Consideration of Treaty Document 114-7All Information (Except Treaty Text)
As approved by the Senate:
Resolved, (two-thirds of the Senators present concurring therein),
SECTION 1. SENATE ADVICE AND CONSENT SUBJECT TO UNDERSTANDINGS AND DECLARATIONS.
The Senate advises and consents to the ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Assignment of Receivables in International Trade, done at New York on December 12, 2001, and signed by the United States on December 30, 2003 (the Convention) (Treaty Doc. 114-7), subject to the understandings of section 2 and the declarations of sections 3 and 4.
SEC. 2. UNDERSTANDINGS.
The Senate's advice and consent under section 1 is subject to the following understandings, which shall be included in the instrument of ratification:
(1) It is the understanding of the United States that paragraph (2)(e) of Article 4 excludes from the scope of the Convention the assignment of-
(A) receivables that are securities, regardless of whether such securities are held with an intermediary; and
(B) receivables that are not securities, but are financial assets or instruments, if such financial assets or instruments are held with an intermediary.
(2) It is the understanding of the United States that the phrase that place where the central administration of the assignor or the assignee is exercised,as used in Articles 5(h) and 36 of the Convention, has a meaning equivalent to the phrase, that place where the chief executive office of the assignor or assignee is located.
(3) It is the understanding of the United States that the reference, in the definition of financial contractin Article 5(k), to any other transaction similar to any transaction referred to above entered into in financial marketsis intended to include transactions that are or become the subject of recurrent dealings in financial markets and under which payment rights are determined by reference to-
(A) underlying asset classes; or
(B) quantitative measures of economic or financial risk or value associated with an occurrence or contingency. Examples are transactions under which payment rights are determined by reference to weather statistics, freight rates, emissions allowances, or economic statistics.
(4) It is the understanding of the United States that because the Convention applies only to receivables,which are defined in Article 2(a) as contractual rights to payment of a monetary sum, the Convention does not apply to other rights of a party to a license of intellectual property or an assignment or other transfer of an interest in intellectual property or other types of interests that are not a contractual right to payment of a monetary sum.
(5) The United States understands that, with respect to Article 24 of the Convention, the Article requires a Contracting State to provide a certain minimum level of rights to an assignee with respect to proceeds, but that it does not prohibit Contracting States from providing additional rights in such proceeds to such an assignee.
SEC. 3. DECLARATIONS TO BE INCLUDED IN THE INSTRUMENT OF RATIFICATION.
The Senate's advice and consent under section 1 is subject to the following declarations, which shall be included in the instrument of ratification:
(1) Pursuant to Article 23(3), the United States declares that, in an insolvency proceeding of the assignor, the insolvency laws of the United States or its territorial units may under some circumstances-
(A) result in priority over the rights of an assignee being given to a lender extending credit to the insolvency estate, or to an insolvency administrator that expends funds of the insolvency estate for the preservation of the assigned receivables (see, for example, title 11 of the United States Code, sections 364(d) and 506(c)); or
(B) subject the assignment of receivables to avoidance rules, such as those dealing with preferences, undervalued transactions and transactions intended to defeat, del ay, or hinder creditors of the assignor.
(2) Pursuant to Article 36 of the Convention, the United States declares that, with respect to an assignment of receivables governed by enactments of Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code, as adopted in one of its territorial units, if an assignor's location pursuant to Article 5(h) of the Convention is the United States and,under the location rules contained in section 9-307 of the Uniform Commercial Code, as adopted in that territorial unit, the assignor is located in a territorial unit of the United States, that territorial unit is the location of the assignor for purposes of this Convention.
(3) Pursuant to Article 37 of the Convention, the United States declares that any reference in the Convention to the law of the United States means the law in force in the territorial unit thereof determined in accordance with Article 36 and the Article 5(h) definition of location. However, to the extent under the conflict-of-laws rules in force in that territorial unit, a particular matter would be governed by the law in force in a different territorial unit of the United States, the reference to law of the United Stateswith respect to that matter is to the law in force in the different territorial unit. The conflict-of-laws rules referred to in the preceding sentence refer primarily to the conflict-of-laws rules in section 9-301 of the Uniform Commercial Code as enacted in each State of the United States.
(4) Pursuant to Article 39 of the Convention, the United States declares that it will not be bound by chapter V of the Convention.
(5) Pursuant to Article 40, the United States declares that the Convention does not affect contractual anti-assignment provisions where the debtor is a governmental entity or an entity constituted for a public purpose in the United States.
SEC. 4. SELF-EXECUTION DECLARATION.
The Senate's advice and consent under section 1 is subject to the following declarati on: This Convention is self-executing.